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An Investigation of Influencing Factors on the Optimal Management

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Available online at: www.waterdevelop.com
IBWRD
Vol. (II)– No. (04)- S.N. (07)- Autumn 2014
1st Article– P. 1-12
ISSN 2345 - 5012
International Bulletin of
Water Resources & Development
An Investigation of Influencing Factors on the Optimal
Management of Agricultural Water by Using System Approach
Masoud Samian1*, Karim Naderi Mahdei2, Heshmatollah Saadi3, Hamid Balali4, Reza
Movahedi5 , Mousa Aazami6
1
Ph.D. Student of Agricultural Extension and Education, Department of Agricultural Extension and Education, Faculty of Agriculture, Bu-Ali
Sina University, Hamadan, Iran
2
Assistant Professor, Department of Agricultural Extension and Education, Faculty of Agriculture, Bu-Ali Sina University, Hamadan, Iran
([email protected])
3
Associate Professor, Department of Agricultural Extension and Education, Faculty of Agriculture, Bu-Ali Sina University, Hamadan, Iran
([email protected])
4
Assistant Professor, Department of Agricultural Extension and Education, Faculty of Agriculture, Bu-Ali Sina University, Hamadan, Iran
([email protected])
5
Assistant Professor, Department of Agricultural Extension and Education, Faculty of Agriculture, Bu-Ali Sina University, Hamadan, Iran
([email protected])
6
Assistant Professor, Department of Agricultural Extension and Education, Faculty of Agriculture, Bu-Ali Sina University, Hamadan, Iran
([email protected])
* Corresponding Author ([email protected])
Article History
Revised: Jun. 30, 2014
Received: May 16, 2014
Accepted: Jul. 13, 2014
Reviewed: Jun. 05, 2014
Published: Dec. 16, 2014
Abstract
The main objective of this study is to examine the factors influencing the optimal management of agricultural water in the city of
Hamedan. 148 farmers who are farming in the city of the Hamedan where randomly selected as the research sample. The Data
was collected via questionnaire and interview. The accuracy of the indicators and the items of the questionnaire or the face
validity were confirmed by the specialists of the course. The methodology used in this study was based on a combination of
qualitative and quantitative approaches including dynamic simulation using Vensim software and analytical- descriptive
methods. In data analysis, different statistical methods were used (KMO value is equal to 0.848 and Bartlett amount equals 3315
that was significant at 0.01 level of significance). The results showed that from farmers' points of view, the optimal management
of water is analyzable and identifiable via four factors. These factors explain more than 79.21 percent of the total variance.
Finally, some pieces of advice are recommended to achieve the optimal development of water resources in Hamedan.
Keywords: Agricultural Water, Optimal Management, Factor Analysis, Systems Thinking Approach
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International Bulletin of Water Resources & Development (IBWRD), Vol. (II)– No. (04)- S.N. (07)- Autumn 2014
All rights reserved for IBWRD
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All rights reserved for IBWRD
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4. Factor Analysis
International Bulletin of Water Resources & Development (IBWRD), Vol. (II)– No. (04)- S.N. (07)- Autumn 2014
All rights reserved for IBWRD
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