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2
Organizing Committee and Faculty
4
essage from the President,
M
Asia Pacific Society for Sexual
Medicine
5
essage from the Congress
M
Chairman, Asia Pacific Society
for Sexual Medicine 2011
6
Program at a Glance
7
Acknowledgement
8
Floor Plan & Exhibition
10 General Information
12 Presentation Guideline
14 Social Program
17 Scientific Program
35 Poster Presentation List
Abstract
45
102 Oral Presentation
Speakers’ Abstract
Organizing Committee and Faculty
APSSM Executive Committee
Founding President
Masafumi Shirai (Japan)
Honorary President Ganesan P. Adaikan (Singapore)
President Doddy M. Soebadi (Indonesia)
President-Elect Tai Young Ahn (Korea)
Immediate Past President Han-Sun Chiang (Taiwan)
Secretary General Carolyn Earle (Australia)
Deputy Secretary General Nam Cheol Park (Korea)
Treasurer Hui-Meng Tan (Malaysia)
Deputy Treasurer Kavirach Tantiwongse (Thailand)
APSSM Committee The Honorary Committee
Dr. Ross Cartmill (Australia)
Prof. Johnny Shinn-Nan Lin (Taiwan)
Dr. Rudi Yuwana (Indonesia) Prof. Sae Chul Kim (Korea)
Prof. Hyung Ki Choi (Korea)
Prof. Akihiko Okuyama (Japan)
Prof. Eng Choon Tan (Singapore) Prof. Kew Kim Chew (Australia)
The ByLaws Committee
Chair
Apichat Kongkanand (Thailand )
Members
Kavirach Tantiworngse (Thailand)
Ken Marumo (Japan)
Sae-Woong Kim (Korea) Peter HC Lim (Singapore)
The Nominating Committee
Chair Mikio Namiki (Japan)
Members Tai Young Ahn (Korea) Po Chor Tam (Hongkong) Thomas I.S. Hwang (Taiwan)
The Audit Committee
Chair Zhong Cheng Xin (China)
Lau Lang Chu (Singapore)
The Scientific Program and Research Committee
Chair Kwangsung Park (Korea)
Members Akira Tsujimura (Japan) Hyun Jun Park (Korea)
Zhong Cheng Xin (China)
T.R. Murali (India)
Koichi Nakajima (Japan) Kavirach Tantiwongse (Thailand)
Srilatha Balasubramanian (Singapore)
Bang-Ping Jiann (Taiwan)
Wah Yun Low (Malaysia)
The 13th Biennial Mee
t
ing of the Asia
-Pacific So
ciet y for
Sexual M
edicine
The Development Committee
Chair Ju-Ton Hsieh (Taiwan)
Members
Zhong Cheng Xin (China) Serozsha Goonewardena (Sri Lanka) Sudhakar Krishnamurti (India)
Anupan Tantiwong (Thailand)
Jong-Kwan Park (Korea)
Ken Marumo (Japan)
The Publications Committee
Chair
Srilatha Balasubramanian (Singapore)
Members
Yasusuke Kimoto (Japan)
Khurram Mutahir Siddiqui (Pakistan)
Dae Yul Yang (Korea)
The Communication Committee
Chair
Sung Won Lee (Korea)
Members Hyun-Jun Park (Korea)
Man Kay Lee (Singapore)
Ju-Ton Hsieh (Taiwan)
Ji-hong Liu (China)
The Standard Committee
Chair
Ganesan P. Adaikan (Singapore) Members Sudhakar Krishnamurti (India) Woo Sik Chung (Korea)
Akmal Taher (Indonesia) Bannakit Lojanapiwat (Thailand)
Koichi Nagao (Japan)
The Local Arrangements Committee
Chair Ganesan P. Adaikan (Singapore)
Bang-Ping Jiann (Taiwan)
13th APSSM2011 Organizing Committee
Honorary Chairman
Han-Sun Chiang
Chairman
Bang-Ping Jiann
Co-chairman
Johnny Shinn-Nan Lin
Kuang-Kuo Chen
Thomas I.S. Hwang
Ju-Ton Hsieh
Chii-Jye Wang Yen-Ching Lin
Secretary General
Shih-Tsung Huang
Scientific Committee
Thomas I.S. Hwang Han-Sun Chiang Bang-Ping Jiann
Chii-Jye Wang
Kuang-Kuo Chen Shih-Tsung Huang
Yen-Ching Lin Johnny Shinn-Nan Lin Ju-Ton Hsieh
Financial Committee
Ju-Ton Hsieh
Shih-Ping Liu
Publication Committee
Han-Sun Chiang Bang-Ping Jiann Ju-Ton Hsieh
Yen-Ching Lin Ming-Tsun Chen Chia-Chu Liu
Exhibition Committee
Guang-Huan Sun
Social Program Committee Charles C.J. Wu
Planning Committee
Chih-Cheng Lu
Chin-Pao Chang
Hospitality Committee
Shang-Sen Lee
Message from the President,
Asia Pacific Society for Sexual Medicine
Dear members of APSSM and all participants of The 13th Biennial Meeting of Asia
Pacific Society for Sexual Medicine,
With the current aging and socioeconomic changes of the world population, the
APSSM faces new challenges and opportunities to meet the problems of sexual
health.
As the field of Sexual Medicine has advanced and grown, please join us to share ideas and newest
developments at The 13th APSSM 2011 in Kaohsiung, Taiwan. The organizing committee is working
hard to welcome you to this congress with an interesting line-up of topics and world-renowned speakers
in sexual medicine.
I am looking forward to meeting you in Kaohsiung at what promises to be a most interesting and
enjoyable event!
Doddy M. Soebadi
Prof. Doddy M. Soebadi, MD, PhD
President, Asia Pacific Society for Sexual Medicine
The 13th Biennial Mee
t
ing of the Asia
-Pacific So
ciet y for
Sexual M
edicine
Message from the Congress Chairman,
Asia Pacific Society for Sexual Medicine 2011
Dear Member, Colleagues, and Friends,
As the Congress Organizer, it gives us great pleasure to welcome you to The 13th
Biennial Meeting of Asia Pacific Society for Sexual Medicine, which will be held on
November 16-20, 2011. in Kaohsiung, Taiwan.
Kaohsiung City, which has the largest city in southern Taiwan, and is unlike any other city in Taiwan,
whereby people can enjoy the beauty of a River named Love along the riverbank. With the wealth of
interesting and fun activities available in Kaohsiung, You can enjoy the beauty of the Port City in any
number of ways.
The theme of our Congress is “Sexual Health in Asia-Pacific”. The full scientific program will include
State-of-the-Art Lecture, Expert talk Symposium, Oral and Poster Presentation. Many distinguished
figures and active researchers have been invited as speakers who will provide participants with the latest
updates and a glimpse into the state-of-the-art practices and developments in the future. Besides the
academic activities, you will have the opportunity to meet friends both old and new through the wellplanned social program.
We welcome you and look forward to meeting you all in Kaohsiung
Bang-Ping Jiann, M.D.
Congress Chairman,
The 13th Biennial Meeting of APSSM
The 2nd CrossStrait Session
(13:30-18:10)
Welcome Reception
38F, Opal Ballroom
(18:30-21:30)
Registration (13:30-18:00)
Golf Tournament (10:00-17:00)
11/16 (Wednesday)
14:45-15:45
13:30-14:45
Free Night
Podium 2
42F, Crystal/ Coral
41F, Diamond Room II
Podium 1
Symposium2
Women Sexual Dysfunction
Symposium1
Alternative Medicine for ED
42F, Crystal/ Coral
Faculty Dinner
By Invitation Only (18:00-21:00)
APSSM Executive Committee
42F, Agate (16:00-17:00)
Podium 4
42F, Crystal/ Coral
41F, Diamond Room II
Podium 3
Symposium4 Tx of Peyronie's dis.
Round Table Discussion
42F, Crystal/ Coral
Symposium3
Basic research in Sexual Medicine
41F, Diamond Room II
Lunch Symposium 2
Lunch Symposium 1
1200-1300
41F, Diamond Room II
Expert Talk-2
Round Table
Expert Talk-1
Panel Discussion-Testosterone and Medicine
State-of-the-Art Lecture 1
10:30-12:00
Gala Dinner
41F, Diamond Room II (18:30-21:30)
Podium 6
42F, Crystal/ Coral
Symposium6 Stem Cell Study in
Urology Basic Research
42F, Crystal/ Coral
APSSM General Assembly
42F, Agate (16:00-17:00)
Podium 5
41F, Diamond Room II
Symposium5
ED LUTS and OAB Round Table
41F, Diamond Room II
Lunch Symposium 3
Coffee Break
Coffee Break
Coffee Break
10:15-10:30
State-of-the-Art Lecture 3
41F, Diamond Room II
11/19 (Saturday)
Sexual Health in Asia-Pacific
State-of-the-Art Lecture 2
41F, Diamond Room II
41F, Diamond Room II
Opening Addresses
11/18 (Friday)
11/17 (Thursday)
Program at a Glance
08:30-10:15
08:00-08:30
Time
Moderated Poster Presentation- Display Time 0830-1400 ; Discussion Time-1400-1530
Registration (11/ 17-19 07:30-16:00, 11/20 07:30-12:00); Exhibition (11/ 17- 19 08:00-16:00)
Closing Ceremony
(11:50-12:00)
Expert Talk-3
Future Sexual Medicine
Coffee Break
State-of-the-Art Lecture 4
42F, Crystal/ Coral
11/20 (Sunday)
The 13th Biennial Mee
t
ing of the Asia
-Pacific So
ciet y for
Sexual M
edicine
Acknowledgement
The 13th Biennial Meeting of Asia Pacific Society for Sexual Medicine would like to extend our sincere
appreciation to the following supporters, sponsors and exhibitors. (By Company Alphabetical order)
Sponsors
APSSM
American Medical Systems
Eli Lilly and Company
Itamar Medical Ltd.
Medispec Ltd.
Pfizer Ltd.
Takeda Pharmaceuticals Taiwan, Ltd.
Government Supporters
Fu Jen Catholic University
Ministry of Economic Affairs, Republic of China
Ministry of Education, Republic of China
Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Republic of China
National Science Council
Floor Plan & Exhibition
41F
The 13th Biennial Mee
t
ing of the Asia
-Pacific So
ciet y for
Sexual M
edicine
42F
General Information
Secretariat
c/o K&A International Co., Ltd.
3F., No. 183, Kangchien Rd., Taipei, Taiwan 11494
Tel: +886-2-8751-3588
Fax:+886-2-8751-2799
Email: [email protected]
Official Language
English is the official language. No simultaneous interpretation will be offered. Mandarin will be spoken
during the Cross-Strait Forum.
Participant Badge
Participant badge can be collected at on-site registration counter during operation hours. It is required
to wear the conference badge to access all event grounds and coffee break at all times.
Certificate of Attendance
Your certificate of attendance can be collected while checking in at on-site registration counter during
operation hours.
Best Paper Award
Two winners will be determined from all categories. The winner of the award will be announced at
Gala Dinner on November 19, 2011, and also will received an award plaque, plus monetary award of
NTD 10,000.
**Abstracts accepted by the APSSM2011 Congress will be published in “The Journal of Sexual
Medicine (JSM)” and also can be downloaded from www.apssm2011.com or www.apssm.org
10
The 13th Biennial Mee
t
ing of the Asia
-Pacific So
ciet y for
Sexual M
edicine
Event Grounds
Venue: The Splendor Kaohsiung
Address: No.1, Ziqiang 3rd. Rd., Lingya Dist., Kaohsiung City 802, Taiwan.
TEL: +866-7-566-8000
FAX: +866-7-566-8080-10
Operation Hours and Location
Secretariat /Preview Room
Registration Counter
Exhibition Area
Poster Presentation
42F, Amber
Wednesday, November 16, 13:00-18:00
Thursday, November 17, 07:00-16:30
Friday, November 18, 07:00-16:30
Saturday, November 19, 07:00-16:30
Sunday, November 20, 07:00-12:00
39F, Foyer
Wednesday, November 16, 13:30-18:00
41F, Foyer
Thursday, November 17, 07:30-16:00
Friday, November 18, 07:30-16:00
Saturday, November 19, 07:30-16:00
42F, Foyer
Sunday, November 20, 07:30-12:00
41F, Diamond I
Thursday, 08:00-16:00
Friday, 08:00-16:00
Saturday, 08:00-16:00
41F, Diamond III
Thursday, 08:30-16:00
Friday, 08:30-16:00
Saturday, 08:30-16:00
11
Presentation Guideline
Instructions for Oral Presentations
Symposium: presentation time will be 15 minutes.
в—Џ Oral Presentation: presentation time will be 10 minutes.
в—Џ
1. A
ll speakers are requested to strictly observe the allotted presentation time. Since the conference
schedule is tight, session chairpersons will strictly enforce the timing. The staff will ring the bell for
time-reminding.
2. It is required to use the laptop prepared by the conference for stable computer system connection.
For any reason that you MUST use your own laptop, please inform the secretariat in advance.
3. T
he conference will have a laptop set up at the podium for all presenters. A remote control for
changing the slides will be prepared; the presenter can control the slides on his/her own.
4. A
ll presentation slides should be prepared by “Microsoft Office PowerPoint 2002” or above. Every
speaker is requested to go to the on-site Preview Room to upload the slide two hours before the
respective presentation at the latest. It is suggested you to save your final slides both in a CD-R and
a USB flash memory and bring to the Preview Room. If your slides are prepared by Mac system, the
data may deform after its transfer to the Windows system. Please check and correct this possible
deformation at the Preview Room.
5. Video tape presentation is NOT available. If you need to use video records, please transfer them to
the computer in a digital form. The projector does not support Full HD video mode, please avoid this
kind of file format.
6. If you prepare to use a Mac laptop, please bring the Apple DVI to VGA display adapter. The
connector of the projector is D-SUB, be sure the correct adapter is brought with you.
7. S
tandard microphone is prepared for all presenters, if you wish to use a pin-microphone or
a wireless one, or any other special equipment or need, please advice in advance for proper
arrangement.
12
The 13th Biennial Mee
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ing of the Asia
-Pacific So
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Sexual M
edicine
Instructions for Moderated Poster Presentation
In order to allow free discussion on your poster, please ensure that the presenting author is present
at your poster during the display day. It is mandatory to ensure fruitful discussions during the poster
session, and that the presenting author or one co-author stays in front of the poster during the session
from 14:00 to 15:30.
A. F
or moderated Poster Presenters, you will need both to prepare poster for display as well oral
Discussion for 2-3 minutes.
B. N
ecessary office supplies for poster mounting will be provided on-site. Staple guns are prohibited
for mounting. Congress will provide free masking tape for all poster presenters.
C. A
ll poster board has a surface of 90 cm wide and 180 cm high. Top corner space will be used to
place the poster number, pre-fixed by the Secretariat.
Poster display date and times are as follows,
Hanging: 0830-1400; Discussion Time: 1400-1530
41F, Diamond III
November 17
PP01-PP20
November 18
PP21-PP54
November 19
PP55-PP91
13
Social Program
Welcome Reception
Date
November 16, 2011 (Wednesday)
Time
18:30-21:30
Venue
38F, Opal Ballroom, The Splendor Kaohsiung
Conference Welcome Reception is one of the Conference’s most important social event; the
welcome reception is a not-to-be-missed opportunity to consolidate contacts and re-new
friendship.
Gala Dinner
Date
November 19, 2011 (Saturday)
Time
18:30-21:30
Venue
41F, Diamond Ballroom, The Splendor Kaohsiung
Conference Gala Dinner is the highlight of the event with five star cuisine and refreshments
sourced locally, distinctly Taiwanese entertainment and theme which gives a sense of why
Kaohsiung is a city that once experienced, charmed forever.
14
The 13th Biennial Mee
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-Pacific So
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Sexual M
edicine
You Successfully
Treated His ED
But What About
His Cardiovascular Risk?
The link between ED and CV disease is well established
в—Џ
в—Џ
в—Џ
в—Џ
в—Џ
Erectile Dysfunction (ED) is an early indicator as well as an independent risk
factor for future Cardiovascular (CV) events1
The Princeton Consensus Panel recommends assessment of CV risk in the
ED patient2
Endothelial Dysfunction contributes to the pathophisiology of ED and is
often undiagnosed3
Endothelial Dysfunction assessment using Endo-PAT assesses CV risk and
predicts future CV events4
9 out of 10 urologists surveyed would modify management of the ED patient
when Endothelial Dysfunction is also present5
Thompson et al. JAMA 2005
Kostis et al. Am J Cardiol 2005
3 Montorsi et al. European Urology 2006
4 Rubinshtein et al. JACC 2009; Suppl.
5 Internal Itamar Medical survey of urologists at AUA, 2008 (n=80)
1
2
www.itamar-medical.com
Itamar Medical
[email protected]
+972-4-6177000
Scientific Program
Opening Address
08:00-08:30 November 17 (Thursday)
41F [Diamond Room II]
Sexual Health in Asia-Pacific
08:30-10:15 November 17 (Thursday)
41F [Diamond Room II]
Chairpersons: Dr. Chris McMahon, Dr. Bang-Ping Jiann
08:30-08:45
SH-01
MALE SEXUAL DYSFUNCTIONS IN AUSTRALIA
Kew-Kim Chew, Keogh Institute for Medical Research, Australia
08:45-09:00
SH-02
PHYTOTHERAPY ON SEXUAL DYSFUNCTION IN ASIA: PAST, PRESENT AND
FUTURE
Zhong-Cheng Xin, Andrology Center, Peking University First Hospital, Peking University,
China
09:00-09:15
SH-03
SEXUAL DYSFUNCTION AND QUALITY OF LIFE IN INDONESIA
Doddy M. Soebadi, Department of Urology, Airlangga University Hospital, Indonesia
09:15-09:30
SH-04
SEXUAL MEDICINE IN MONGOLIA
Nansalmaa Naidan, Health Science University of Mongolia ADAM Urology and Andrology
Clinic, Mongolia
09:30-09:45
SH-05
IS INDIA THE IMPOTENCE (ED) CAPITAL OF THE WORLD?
Sudhakar Krishnamurti, Andromeda Andrology Center, India
09:45-10:00
SH-06
SEXUAL MEDICINE: KOREA’S ASPECT IN ERECTILE DYSFUNCTION
Nam Cheol Park, Department of Urology, Pusan National University School of Medicine,
Republic of Korea
10:00-10:15
SH-07
SEXUAL MEDICINE: TAIWAN'S ASPECT
Han-Sun Chiang, Department of Urology, Taipei Medical University Hospital, Taiwan
10:15-10:30
Coffee Break
17
State-of-the-Art Lecture 1
10:30-12:00 November 17 (Thursday)
41F [Diamond Room II]
Chairpersons: Dr. Apichat Kongkanand, Dr. Luke S. Chang
10:30-10:55
SL-01
PRIAPISM: NEW CONCEPT AND IMPROVED STRATEGY
Tom F. Lue, Department of Urology, University of California, United States
10:55-11:20
SL-02
UPDATE ON THE MANAGEMENT OF EJACULATORY DYSFUNCTION
Chris McMahon, Australian Centre for Sexual Health, Australia
Chairpersons: Dr. B. Srilatha, Dr. Kew-Kim Chew
Debate: Pro
11:20-11:40
HYPOACTIVE SEXUAL DESIRE DISORDER IS TREATABLE
SL-03
Tai Young Ahn, Asan Medical Center and College of Medicine, University of Ulsan, Republic of
Korea
Debate: Con
11:40-12:00
TREATMENT OF HYPOACTIVE SEX AND THE ED OBSTACLE
SL-04
George Lee, Clinical Associate Professor Consultant Urological Surgeon Gleneagles Intan
Medical Centre Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
Lunch Symposium 1
Pfizer Ltd
12:00 - 13:00 November 17 (Thursday)
41F [Diamond Room II]
Chairperson: Dr. Thomas I.S. Hwang
12:00-12:20
LS-01
ENDOTHELIAL DYSFUNCTION, END-ORGAN DISEASE AND ERECTILE DYSFUNCTION
Tom F. Lue, Department of Urology, University of California, United States
12:20-12:40
LS-02
ERECTION HARDNESS SCALE
Thomas I.S. Hwang, Shin Kong WHS Memorial Hospital, Taiwan
12:40-13:00
LS-03
MILESTONES OF VIAGRA
George Lee, Clinical Associate Professor Consultant Urological Surgeon Gleneagles Intan
Medical Centre Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
18
Symposium1- Alternative Medicine for ED
13:30 - 14:45 November 17 (Thursday)
41F [Diamond Room II]
Chairpersons: Dr. Nam Cheol Park, Dr. Ju-Ton Hsieh
13:30-13:45
S1-01
THE CLINICAL FEATURES OF SEVERE PRIMARY ERECTILE DYSFUNCTION IN
CHINESE
Zhong-Cheng Xin, Andrology Center, Peking University First Hospital, Peking University,
China
13:45 -14:00
S1-02
FEMALE SEXUAL DYSFUNCTIONS – AN OVERVIEW
Sudhakar Krishnamurti, Andromeda Andrology Center, India
14:00-14:15
S1-03
ROLE OF COMPLEMENTARY AND ALTERNATIVE MEDICINE FOR ERECTILE
DYSFUNCTION IN INDONESIA
Doddy M. Soebadi, Dept. of Urology, Soetomo General Hospital, Airlangga University School
of Medicine, Indonesia
14:15-14:30
S1-04
ALTERNATIVE MEDICINE FOR ED IN MONGOLIA
Nansalmaa Naidan, Health Science University of Mongolia, Mongolia
14:30-14:45
S1-05
WHY MEN WANT TO HAVE A BIGGER PENIS
Kavirach Tantiwongse, Chulalongkorn University, in Bangkok, Thailand
Podium1
14:45-15:45 November 17 (Thursday)
41F [Diamond Room II]
Chairpersons: Dr. Arif Adimoelia, Dr. Chin-Pao Chang
14:45-14:55
OP01
VALIDITY OF PREMATURE EJACULATION DIAGNOSTIC TOOL (PEDT) IN FOUR
SUBGROUPS OF PREMATURE EJACULATION SYNDROME: DATA FROM THE
KOREAN INTERNET SEXUALITY SURVEY – PART I
Hwan Cheol Son, Department of Urology, Seoul National University Boramae Hospital,
Korea
14:45-15:05
OP02
A STUDY OF ATTITUDES AND BEHAVIORS OF KOREAN MEN TO COMPLEMENTARY
AND ALTERNATIVE MEDICINE FOR THE IMPROVEMENT OF SEXUAL FUNCTION: THE
KOREAN INTERNET SEXUALITY SURVEY (KISS) – PART II
Woo Suk Choi, Department of Urology, Yanggu Health Center, Yanggu-Gun, Korea
19
15:05-15:15
OP03
SERTRALINE COMBINED WITH DESENSITIZATION TRAINING FOR TREATMENT OF
PREMATURE EJACULATION: A SINGLE-CENTER EXPERIENCE IN SOUTH CHINA
Heng-Jun Xiao, Department of Urology, The Third Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-Sen
University, China
15:15-15:25
OP04
THE PREVALENCE OF PREMATURE EJACULATION IN TAIWAN: EVALUATION FROM
THE FEMALE PARTNERS’ PERSPECTIVE
Thomas I-Sheng Hwang, Division of Urology, Department of Surgery, Shin Kong WHS
Memorial Hospital, Taiwan
15:25-15:35
OP05
BIOIDENTICAL DHEA (PHYTO-DHEA) ANDTHE CONVERSION OF ALBUMINBOUND-TESTOSTERONE TO FREE- AND TOTAL TESTOSTERONE IN HYPOGONADIC
MEN WITH SEXUAL DYSFUNCTION
Arif Adimoelja, Naval Teaching Hospital Dr. Ramelan/Men’s Health, Reproduction, Sexual
Health, School of Medicine, Hang Tuah University, Indonesia
15:35-15:45
OP06
PREVALENCE AND MOLECULAR ANALYSIS OF EJACULATORY DYSFUNCTION IN
TAIWAN
Pei-Yu Lin, Division of Urology, Department of Surgery, E-Da Hospital, Kaohsiung;
Department of Urology, College of Medicine and Hospital, National Cheng Kung University,
Taiwan
15:45~21:00
Free Night
Symposium2- Women Sexual Dysfunction
13:30-14:45 November 17 (Thursday)
42F [Crystal/Coral]
Chairpersons: Dr. B. Srilatha, Dr. Te-Fu Tsai
13:30-13:45
S2-01
FEMALE SEXUAL DYSFUNCTION: THE DEFINITION, CLASSIFICATION AND DEBATES
Ching-Hui Chen, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Taipei Medical University
Hospital and Taipei Medical University, Taiwan
13:45-14:00
S2-02
ALGORITHM FOR THE OFFICE MANAGEMENT OF FSD
B. Srilatha, Department of Obstetrics & Gynaecology, National University Hospital,
Singapore; Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University Hospital, National University
of Singapore, Singapore
20
14:00-14:15
S2-03
PSYCHOGENIC ERECTILE DYSFUNCTION: DIAGNOSIS AND TREATMENT MODALITY
IN UROLOGIC CLINICS
Ken Marumo, Department of Urology, Tokyo Dental College, Ichikawa General Hospital,
Japan
14:15-14:30
S2-05
THE IMPACT OF LOWER URINARY TRACT SYMPTOMS ON FEMALE SEXUAL
FUNCTION--A HOSPITAL EMPLOYEE-BASED STUDY.
Yuh-Chen Kuo, Taipei City Hospital, Taiwan
14:30-14:45
Discussion
Podium 2
14:45-15:45 November 17 (Thursday)
42F [Crystal/Coral]
Chairpersons: Dr. Farid Saad, Dr. William J. Huang
14:45-14:55
OP07
THE IMPACT OF ANDROGEN RECEPTOR CAG REPEAT POLYMORPHISM ON
ANDROPAUSAL SYMPTOMS IN AGING TAIWANESE MEN
Chia-Chu Liu, Kaohsiung Medical University Hospital; Kaohsiung Medical University;
Pingtung Hospital, Department of Health, Executive Yuan, Taiwan
14:55-15:05
OP08
CONTINUOUS IMPROVEMENTS OF FEATURES OF THE METABOLIC SYNDROME
OVER 48 MONTHS UPON NORMALIZATION OF SERUM TESTOSTERONE IN THREE
COHORTS, IN TOTAL 410 MEN
Farid Saad, Scientific Affairs Men’s Healthcare, Bayer Pharma AG, Germany; Gulf Medical
University School of Medicine, United Arab Emirates
15:05-15:15
OP09
EFFECTS OF 4 YEAR TESTOSTERONE TREATMENT ON COMPONENTS OF THE
METABOLIC SYNDROME
Ahmad Haider, Private Urology Practice, Germany
15:15-15:25
OP10
BIOAVAILABE AND FREE TESTOSTERONE RATIOS ARE SIGNIFICANTLY
ASSOCIATED WITH THE AGING MALE’S SYMPTOM SCORE OF TAIWANESE MALE
I-Ching Lee, The Department of Urology, West Garden Hospital, Taiwan
21
15:25-15:35
OP11
POOR GLYCEMIC CONTROL IS A RISK FOR LOW TESTOSTERONE IN TYPE 2
DIABETIC MEN WITH ERECTILE DYSFUNCTION
Bang-Ping Jiann, Department of Medical Education and Research Kaohsiung Veterans
General Hospital, Taiwan
15:35-15:45
OP12
SERUM TOTAL TESTOSTERONE LEVELS IN MEN WITH ERECTILE DYSFUNCTION
Bang-Ping Jiann, Department of Medical Education and Research Kaohsiung Veterans
General Hospital, Taiwan
15:45~21:00
Free Night
State-of-the-Art Lecture 2
08:00 - 10:10 November 18 (Friday)
41F [Diamond Room II]
Chairpersons: Dr. Tai Young Ahn, Dr. Han-Sun Chiang
08:00-08:25
SL-05
SEXUAL MEDICINE: GLOBAL'S ASPECT
Chris McMahon, Australian Centre for Sexual Health, Australia
08:25-08:50
SL-06
PENILE PROSTHESIS IMPLANTATION: AN UPDATE IN 2011
Run Wang, Department of Urology, University of Texas Medical School at Houston and MD
Anderson Cancer Center, United States
08:50-09:15
SL-07
STUTTERING PRIAPISM HOW TO TREAT
Doddy M. Soebadi, Dept. of Urology, Soetomo General Hospital, Airlangga University School
of Medicine Surabaya, Indonesia
Chairpersons: Dr. Kew-Kim Chew, Dr. Allen D. Seftel
09:15-09:40
SL-08
THE ROLE OF MAJOR PELVIC GANGLION IN THE NEURAL PATHWAY OF
ELECTRICAL STIMULATION-INDUCED SEMINAL VESICAL PRESSURE INCREASE IN
THE RAT
Kuang-Kuo Chen, Department of Surgery, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, and Shu-Tien
Urological Research Center, National Yang-Ming University, Taiwan
22
09:40-09:55
SL-09
ADT VS ART IN PROSTATE CANCER
Thomas I.S. Hwang, Shin Kong WHS Memorial Hospital, Taiwan; School of Medicine, Fu-Jen
Catholic University, Taiwan; School of Medicine, Taipei Medical University, Taiwan
09:55-10:10
SL-10
CHINA ANDROLOGIC DEVELOPMENT- PAST, PRESNET AND FUTURE
Hui Jiang, Department of Urology, Reproductive Medicine Center, Peking University Third
Hospital, China
1010:10:30
Coffee Break
Expert Talk 1- Panel Discussion Testosterone and Medicine
10:30-12:00 November 18 (Friday)
41F [Diamond Room II]
Chairpersons: Dr. Chii-Jye Wang, Dr. Jae-Seung Paick
10:30-10:50
ET-01
SCIENCE OF TESTOSTERONE FROM BASIC TO CLINIC
Tai-Young Ahn, Asan Medical Center and College of Medicine, University of Ulsan, Republic
of Korea
10:50-11:10
ET-02
TESTOSTERONE AND SEXUAL DESIRE
Kew-Kim Chew, Keogh Institute for Medical Research, Australia
11:10-11:30
ET-03
TESTOSTERONE DEFICIENCY SYNDROME
Mikio Namiki, Department of Integrative Cancer Therapy and Urology, Kanazawa University
Graduate School of Medical Science, Japan
11:30-11:50
ET-04
TESTOSTERONE AND PROSTATE
Allen D. Seftel, Division of Urology, Cooper University Hospital, United States
11:50-12:00
Panel Discussion
23
Lunch Symposium 2
Orient Europharma
12:00-13:00 November 18 (Friday)
41F [Diamond Room II]
Chairperson: Dr. Kuang-Kuo Chen
12:00-12:20
LS-04
HYPOGONADISM: NEW EVIDENCE
Allen D. Seftel, Division of Urology Cooper University Hospital, United States
12:20-12:40
LS-05
EFFICACY AND SAFETY OF TESTOSTERONE REPLACEMENT THERAPY
Han-Sun Chiang, Department of Urology, Taipei Medical University Hospital, Taiwan
12:40-13:00
LS-06
IS IT JUSTIFIED TO ROUTINELY SCREEN FOR LOW TESTOSTERONE IN ED
PATIENTS?
Kuang-Kuo Chen, Department of Surgery, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, and Shu-Tien
Urological Research Center, National Yang-Ming University, Taiwan
Symposium3- Basic Research in Sexual Medicine
13:30-14:45 November 18 (Friday)
41F [Diamond Room II]
Chairpersons: Dr. Doddy M. Soebadi, Dr. Chia-Chu Liu
13:30-13:45
S3-01
AUTOPHAGY IN UROLOGY AND SEXUAL MEDICINE
Yi-Chia Lin, Division of Urology, Department of Surgery, Shin Kong WHS Memorial Hospital,
Taiwan
13:45-14:00
S3-02
AUTOPHAGIC DEFICIENCY IS RELATED TO STEROIDOGENIC DECLINE IN AGED RAT
LEYDIG CELLS
Wei-Ren Li, Andrology Center, Peking University First Hospital, Peking University, China
14:00-14:15
S3-03
EFFECTS OF ICARISIDEв…ЎON TGF-О’1/SMAD/CTGF AND NO-CGMP PATHWAYS AND
CORPUS CAVERNOSUM FIBROUS-MUSCULAR ALTERATIONS IN RATS WITH
STREPTOZOTOCIN-INDUCED DIABETES
Zhong Cheng Xin, Andrology Center, Peking University First Hospital, Peking University,
China
24
14:15-14:30
S3-05
STEM CELL RESEARCH FOR THE TMANAGEMENT OF ERRECTILE AND VOIDING
DYSFUNCTION
Shing-Hwa Lu, Department of Urology, Zhongxiao Branch, Taipei City Hospital, Taiwan
14:30-14:45
Discussion
Podium 3
14:45-15:35 November 18 (Friday)
41F [Diamond Room II]
Chairpersons: Dr. Chih-Shou Chen, Dr. Nansalmaa Naidan
14:45-14:55
OP13
KARYOTYPING OF AZOOSPERMIC MALES
Wei-Min Cheng, Division of Urology, Department of Surgery, Taipei Veterans General
Hospital, Taiwan
14:55-15:05
OP14
THE
CORRELATION
OF
GR/GR
Y
CHROMOSOME
MICRODELETION
AND
AZOOSPERMIC INFERTILITY
To Chang, Division of Urology, Department of Surgery, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, and
Department of Urology, School of Medicine, National Yang-Ming University, Taiwan
15:05-15:15
OP15
TRANSURETHRAL
SEMINAL
VESICULOSCOPY
FOR
EVALUATION
AND
MANAGEMENT OF PERSISTENT AND RECURRENT HEMOSPERMIA: A PRELIMINARY
STUDY
Heng-Jun Xiao, Department of Urology, the Third Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-Sen
University, China
15:15-15:25
OP16
LAPAROENDOSCOPICSINGLE-SITE ASSISTED MALE-TO-FEMALE SURGERY
Abai Xu, Department of Urology, Zhujiang Hospital, Southern Medical University, China
15:25-15:35
OP17
OUTCOMES OF MUTLI-OPERATION FOR INTERSEX PATIENTS: A REPORT OF 18
CASES
Hui Zhu, Department of Plastic Surgery, Peking University Shenzhen Hospital, China
25
Symposium4- Tx of Peyronie's dis. Round Table Discussion
13:30-14:45 November 18 (Friday)
42F [Crystal/Coral]
Chairpersons: Dr.Chin-Pao Chang, Dr. Kok Bin Lim
13:30-13:45
S4-01
PEYRONIE'S DISEASE AFTER PROSTATE CANCER TREATMENT IS MORE COMMON
THAN PREVIOUSLY KNOWN
Run Wang, University of Texas Medical School at Houston and MD Anderson Cancer Center,
United States
13:45-14:00
S4-02
PEYRONIE’S DISEASE: CURRENT STATUS OF PENILE PLICATION PROCEDURE
Te-Fu Tsai, Department of Urology, Shin Kong Wu Ho-Su Memorial Hospital, Department of
Surgery, Shin Kong Wu Ho-Su Memorial Hospital,Taiwan
14:00-14:15
S4-03
THE KRISHNAMURTII OPERATION IN CAUCASIANS AND LIGHT-SKINNED PATIENTS
WITH PEYRONIE’S DISEASE
Sudhakar Krishnamurti, Andromeda Andrology Center, India
14:15-14:30
S4-04
A NOVEL PEYRONIE'S DISEASE ANIMAL MODEL COMPARATIVE STUDY OF
INTRALESIONAL VERAPAMIL VERSUS NORMAL SALINE INJECTION: ASSESSMENT
OF IMMUNOHISTOCHEMICAL OUTCOMES
Eric Chung, Princess Alexandra Hospital, Australia
14:30-14:45
S4-05
THERAPEUTICAL EFFECTIVENESS OF A PENILE DEVELOPMENT CORRECTION
DEVICE: PRELIMINARY REPORT ON PUBERTY PATIENTS
Geng-Long Hsu, Microsurgical Potency Reconstruction and Research Center, Hsu’s
Andrology, Department of Urology, Buddhist Tzu Chi General Hospital, Taipei Branch Taiwan
26
Podium 4
14:45-15:35 November 18 (Friday)
42F [Crystal/Coral]
Chairpersons: Dr. Chii-Jye Wang, Dr. Mikio Namiki
14:45-14:55
OP18
COMPARISON OF TRANSRECTAL ULTRASONOGRAPHY BETWEEN POTENT BENIGN
PROSTATIC HYPERPLASIA PATIENTS WITH AND WITHOUT ERECTILE
DYSFUNCTION AFTER TRANSURETHRAL RESECTION OF PROSTATE
Shiou-Sheng Chen, Division of Urology, Taipei City Hospital Renai Branch, Taiwan; School
of Medicine, National Yang-Ming University, Taiwan
14:55-15:05
OP19
THE COMPARISON OF THE AGING MALE SYMPTOMS (AMS) SCALE AND
ANDROGEN DEFICIENCY IN THE AGING MALE (ADAM) QUESTIONNAIRE TO DETECT
ANDROGEN DEFICIENCY IN AGING TAIWANESE MEN
Kuang-Shun Chueh, Department of Urology, Kaohsiung Medical University Hospital,
Kaohsiung Medical University, Taiwan
15:05-15:15
OP20
RISK OF ERECTILE DYSFUNCTION IN TYPE 2 DIABETIC MEN WITH ALBUMINURIA
Yao-Chi Chuang, Division of Urology, Kaohsiung Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Chang
Gung University College of Medicine, Taiwan
15:15-15:25
OP21
CLINICAL EVALUATION FOR ERECTILE DYSFUNCTION IN MEN UNDER 40 YEARS
OLD
Bang-Ping Jiann, Department of Medical Education and Research Kaohsiung Veterans
General Hospital, Taiwan
15:25-15:35
OP22
THE EFFECT OF CIRCUMCISION ON YOUNG ADULT SEXUAL FUNCTION
Chih-Wei Tsao, Division of Urology, Department of Surgery, Tri-Service General Hospital,
Taiwan
27
State-of-the-Art Lecture 3
08:00-10:10 November 19 (Saturday)
41F [Diamond Room II]
Chairpersons: Dr. Verna Lee, Dr. Thomas I.S. Hwang
08:00-08:25
SL-11
TESTOSTERONE REPLACEMENT THERAPY IN PATIENTS WITH A DIAGNOSIS OF
PROSTATE CANCER: FACT OR FICTION?
Ajay Nehra, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine Rochester, Minnesota, United State
08:25-08:50
SL-12
STUDIES ON POSSIBLE MOLECULAR BIOLOGICAL MECHANISM OF LOH
Zhong Cheng Xin, Andrology Center, Peking University First Hospital, Peking University,
China
08:50-09:15
SL-13
CRITICAL ROLE OF MIND OVER BODY IN THE MANAGEMENT OF EJD AND ED
Ganesan Adaikan, Department of Obstetrics & Gynaecology, Yong Loo Lin School of
Medicine, National University Hospital, National University of Singapore, Singapore
Chairpersons: Dr. Donald Bodner, Dr. Hsi-Chin Wu
09:15-09:40
SL-14
A NEW PHYSIOLOGIC STUDY TOOL IN ERECTILE FUNCTION
Jong Kwan Park, Department of Urology, Medical School, and Institute for Medical Sciences,
Republic of Korea; National University, and Research Institute and CTC for Medical Device
of Chonbuk, Republic of Korea
09:40-09:55
SL-15
ED TREATMENT IN THE ELDERLY IN JAPAN
Haruaki Sasaki, Showa University Fujigaoka Hospital, Yokohama, Japan
09:55-10:10
SL-16
ACCEPTING ED: THE CHALLENGES AND OBSTACLES AHEAD
George Lee, Clinical Associate Professor Consultant Urological Surgeon Gleneagles Intan
Medical Centre Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
10:10-10:30
Coffee Break
28
Expert Talk 2- Round Table
10:30 - 12:00 November 19 (Saturday)
41F [Diamond Room II]
Chairpersons: Dr. Kuang-Kuo Chen, Dr. Ganesan P. Adaikan
10:30-10:50
ET-05
METABOLIC MEMORY AND DIABETIC NEUROVASCULAR COMPLICATIONS
Tom F. Lue, Department of Urology, University of California, United States
10:50-11:10
ET-06
ED, VASCULAR DISEASE AND METABOLIC SYNDROME
Jae-Seung Paick, Division of Urology, Seoul National University Hospital, Republic of Korea
11:10-11:30
ET-07
SCREENING FOR METABOLIC SYNDROME IN MEN WITH ERECTILE DYSFUNCTION
Bang-Ping Jiann, Department of Medical Education and Research Kaohsiung Veterans
General Hospital, Taiwan
11:30-11:50
ET-08
THE QEQ SURVEY OF CHINESE ED PATIENTS
Kai Hong, Department of Urology, The Third Hospital of Peking University, China
11:50-12:00
Panel Discussion
Lunch Symposium 3
Eli Lilly and Company
12:00 - 13:00 November 19 (Saturday)
41F [Diamond Room II]
Chairperson: Dr. Shih-Tsung Huang
12:00-12:20
LS-07
ED and LUTS
Allen D. Seftel, Division of Urology Cooper University Hospital
12:20-12:40
LS-08
WHO NEEDS DAILY USE OF PDE-5 INHIBITORS
Verna Lee, Consultant physician in Primary Care, University of Malaya, Malaya
12:40-13:00
LS-09
LUNCH SYMPOSIUM: THE SAFETY AND EFFICACY OF TADALAFIL: AN UPDATE
Shih-Tsung Huang, Department of Urology and Surgery, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital,
Linkou Branch; College of medicine, Chang Gung University, Taiwan
29
Symposium5- ED LUTS and OAB Round Table
13:30 - 14:45 November 19 (Saturday)
41F [Diamond Room II]
Chairpersons: Dr. Farid Saad, Dr. Chih-Shou Chen
13:30-13:45
S5-01
ANDROGEN DEFICIENCY SYNDROME AND LUTS
Shih-Ping Liu, Department of Urology, National Taiwan University Hospital, Taiwan
13:45-14:00
S5-02
THE SPOUSE STUDY--ERECTILE DYSFUNCTION TREATMENT OUTCOMES IN
PATIENTS AND PARTNERS
Ajay Nehra, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine Rochester, Minnesota, United State
14:00-14:15
S5-03
EJACUALATORY FUNCTION AND DYSFUNCTION ASSOCIATED WITH LUTS/BPH
Jae-Seung Paick, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Republic of Korea
14:15-14:30
S5-04
ASSOCIATIONS OF THE LOWER URINARY TRACT SYMPTOMS WITH THE
LIFESTYLE, PROSTATE VOLUME, AND METABOLIC SYNDROME IN THE ELDERLY
MALES
Hsin-Chih Yeh, Department of Urology, Kaohsiung Municipal Ta-Tung Hospital, Taiwan
14:30-14:45
S5-05
CONTEMPORARY MANAGEMENT OF SEXUAL DYSFUNCTION IN SCI MALE
Donald R. Bodner, CWRU School of Medicine University Hospitals of Cleveland DVAMC,
United States
Podium 5
14:45-15:45 November 19 (Saturday)
41F [Diamond Room II]
Chairpersons: Dr. Kew-Kim Chew, Dr. Shei-Dei Yang
14:45-14:55
OP23
MEDICAL COMORBIDITY ASSOCIATED WITH ERECTILE DYSFUNCTION: A
POPULATION-BASED STUDY
Wei-Che Wu, Division of Urology, Department of Surgery, Far Eastern Memorial Hospital,
Taiwan
14:55-15:05
OP24
ERECTILE DYSFUNCTION SHOCK WAVE THERAPY- A NEW TREATMENT MODALITY
IN THE MANAGEMENT OF ERECTILE DYSFUNCTION:
PATIENT SELECTION AND
OPTIMIZING STRATEGIES.
Vasan Satya Srini, DNB- Urology, Director and Head of Department Andrology, Ankur Health
Care Private Limited, India
30
15:05-15:15
OP25
CURRENT STATUS AND STRATEGY FOR COUNTERFEIT ERECTILE DYSFUNCTION
MEDICATION (PHOSPHODIESTERASE TYPE 5 INHIBITORS) IN JAPAN: A
FOUR-COMPANY SPONSORED SURVEY ON DRUGS OBTAINED VIA THE INTERNET
Ken Marumo, Department of Urology, Tokyo Dental College, Ichikawa General Hospital,
Japan
15:15-15:25
OP26
MORE PSYCHOGENIC OR MORE ORGANIC? A MULTICENTRAL INVESTIGATION OF
ERECTILE DYSFUNCTON ETIOLOGY IN CLINIC OUTPATIENTS IN CHINA
Yuxin Tang, Department of Urology, Third Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, China
15:25-15:35
OP27
CLINICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF YOUNG MEN WITH ERECTILE DYSFUNCTION
Yung-Ming Lin, Department of Urology, College of Medicine, National Cheng Kung
University, Taiwan
15:35-15:45
OP28
A NATION-WIDE POPULATION STUDY OF TRAZODONE USE IN UROLOGICAL
PATIENTS
Wei-Ming Cheng, Divisions of Urology, Department of Surgery, Taipei Veterans General
Hospital, Taiwan
18:30-21:30
Gala Dinner
Symposium6- Stem Cell Study in Urology Basic Research
13:30-14:45 November 19 (Saturday)
42F [Crystal/Coral]
Chairpersons: Dr. Zhong Cheng Xin, Dr. Shing-Hwa Lu
13:30-13:45
S6-01
STEM CELL RESEARCH FOR UROLOGICAL REGENERATION
Shing-Hwa Lu, Department of Urology, Zhongxiao Branch, Taipei City Hospital, Taiwan
13:45-14:00
S6-02
STEM CELLS FOR ERECTILE DYSFUNCTION
Tom F. Lue, Department of Urology, University of California, San Francisco, United States
14:00-14:15
S6-03
GENE POLYMORPHISMS AND ERECTILE DYSFUNCTION
Yung-Chin Lee, Kaohsiung Medical University Chung-Ho Memorial Hospital, Taiwan
31
14:15-14:30
S6-04
STEM CELLS USED FOR REGENERATION OF CORPUS CAVERNOSUM
Kuo-Liang Chen, Department of Urology, China Medical University Hospital, China Medical
University, Taiwan
14:30-14:45
Discussion
Podium 6
14:45 - 15:35 November19 (Saturday)
42F [Crystal/Coral]
Chairpersons: Dr. Kok Bin Lim, Dr. Shih-Ping Liu
14:45-14:55
OP29
MICROSURGICAL EXCISION OF URETHRAL HAIR ROOTS IN PATIENTS WITH A
HISTORY OF SURGICAL TREATMENT OF HYPOSPADIAS DURING CHILDFOOD
Koichi Nagao, Department of Urology, Toho University School of Medicine, Japan
14:55-15:05
OP30
CLINICAL EXPERIENCE OF A SATISFIED BLOCK FOR OUTPATIENT PENILE
PROSTHESIS IMPLANTATION
Cheng-Hsing Hsieh, Department of Urology, Buddhist Tzu Chi General Hospital, Taipei
Branch, Taiwan
15:05-15:15
OP31
VENO-OCCLUSIVE DYSFUNCTION IN YOUNG PATIENTS RESULTING FROM JELQING
MANEUVER: LONG-TERM RESULTS OF PENILE VENOUS STRIPPING SURGERY
Geng-Long Hsu, Microsurgical Potency Reconstruction and Research Center, Hsu’s
Andrology, Taiwan
15:15-15:25
OP32
CORPOROPLASTY PLICATION SURGERY FOR THE TREATMENT OF PENILE
CURVATURE
Te-Fu Tsai, Division of Urology, Department of SurgeryShin Kong Wu Ho-Su Memorial
Hospital; School of Medicine, Fu-Jen Catholic University, Taiwan
15:25-15:35
OP33
TRUE PENILE AUGMENTATION - PRELIMINARY REPORT
Li-Jen Liu, Yi-He Hospital, Taiwan
18:30-21:30
Gala Dinner
32
State-of-the-Art Lecture 4
08:00-10:10 November 20 (Sunday)
42F [Crystal/Coral]
Chairperson: Dr. Shih-Tsung Huang
08:00-08:25
SL-17
UPDATE ON FEMALE SEXUAL FUNCTION AND DYSFUNCTION
Kwang Sung Park, Chonnam National University Medical School, Gwangju, Republic of
Korea
08:25-08:50
SL-18
REAL-WORLD IMPERATIVE OF OUTCOMES RESEARCH
Allen D. Seftel, Division of Urology Cooper University Hospital, United States
08:50-09:15
SL-19
ANDROGEN DEFICIENCY SYNDROME IN TAIWANESE MEN
Shih-Ping Liu, Department of Urology, National Taiwan University Hospital, Taiwan
Chairpersons: Dr. Wei-Kung Tsai, Dr. Arif Adimoelia
09:15-09:40
SL-20
MODIFIED PLICATION OF THE TUNICA ALBUGINEA IN TREATING CONGENITAL
PENILE CURVATURE
Ju-Ton Hsieh, National Taiwan University Hospital, Taiwan
09:40-09:55
SL-21
MORNING ERECTION /SLEEP-RELATED ERECTION IS TRUE SIGN OF ERECTILE
FUNCTION AND EXACTLY OF THE SYMBOL OF MALENESS
Yoshiaki Kumamoto, Japanese Institute of Clinical Andrology, Japan
09:55-10:10
Discussion
10:10-10:30
Coffee Break
Expert talk 3
10:00-11:50 November 20 (Sunday)
42F [Crystal/Coral]
Chairperson: Dr. Cheng-Hsing Hsieh, Dr. Bang-Ping Jiann
10:30-10:50
ET-09
TESTOSTERONE AND OBESITY - LONG-TERM DATA PROVIDE MORE SURPRISES
Farid Saad, Scientific Affairs Men’s Healthcare, Bayer Pharma AG, Germany;
33
10:50-11:10
ET-10
THE PERSPECTIVE OF SEXUAL MEDICINE IN PSYCHIATRY
Jian-Kang Chao, Department of Psychiatry, Yuli Veterans Hospital, Department of Nursing,
Chung Hwa University of Medical and Technology, Taiwan
11:10-11:30
ET-11
THE FUTURE OF PENILE VEIN LIGATION
Geng-Long Hsu, Microsurgical Potency Reconstruction and Research Center, Hsu’s
Andrology, Department of Urology, Buddhist Tzu Chi General Hospital, Taipei Branch Taiwan
11:30-11:50
ET-12
THE PERSPECTIVE OF SEXUAL MEDICINE IN JAPAN
Yoshiaki Kumamoto, Japanese Institute of Clinical Andrology, Japan
Closing Ceremony
11:50-12:00 November 20 (Sunday)
42F [Crystal/Coral]
34
Poster Presentations List
November 17, Moderated Poster Chairperson: Dr. Chris McMahon, Dr. Wei-Kung Tsai
PP01
LOPERAMIDE INDUCING PROSTATIC RELAXATION BY ACTIVATION OF OPIOID
MU2-RECEPTORS IN A RAT MODEL
Chih-Cheng Lu, Hsien-Hui Chung, Juei-Tang Cheng (Taiwan)
PP02
CHARACTERIZATION OF LECTIN-BINDING SITES IN EPITHELIAL CELLS OF THE MOUSE
EPIDIDYMIS
Syouta Tajiri, Tatsuya Fukui, Kazuya Yoshinaga (Japan)
PP03
SEPARATION, CULTURE AND IDENTIFICATION OF RAT CORPUS CAVERNOSAL
ENDOTHELIAL CELLS
Jun Chen, Bin Zhang, Hengjun Xiao, Tao Qi (China)
PP04
PENILE TRACTION AND PEYRONIE'S DISEASE: IN-VITRO ANALYSIS OF THE EFFICACY
OF TRACTION ON CELLULAR CHANGES IN PEYRONIE'S PLAQUE IN A STRAIN CULTURE
SYSTEM.
Eric Chung, Ling De Young, Gerald Brocke (Canada)
PP05
PENILE VENOUS OCCLUSION MECHANISM: EVIDENCES FROM AN ELECTROCAUTERY
EFFECT TO THE SINUSOIDS ON DEFROSTED HUMAN CADAVERS
Cheng-Hsing Hsieh, Geng-Long Hsu (Taiwan)
PP06
MESENCHYMAL STROMAL CELLS TRANSFECTED BY RECOMBINANT ADENOVIRUS
VECTOR WITH SHORT HAIRPIN RNA OF SILENCING PDE5
Heng-Jun Xiao, Yan Zhang, Min Xia, Xin Gao, Jun Chen, Ning Na, Hao Zhang, Xiao-Peng Liu
(China)
PP07
EFFECTS OF PHOSPHODIESTERASE 5 EXPRESSION ON EX VIVO DIFFERENTIATED
MESENCHYMAL STROMAL CELLS USING ADENOVIRAL GENE TRANSFER OF SHORT
HAIRPIN RNA
Heng-Jun Xiao, Jun Chen, Xiao-Yong Pu, Liao-Yuan Li, Yan Zhang, Xiao-Peng Liu, Hao Zhang,
Xin Gao (China)
PP08
INDUCTION OF APOPTOSIS BY BENZYL ISOTHIOCYANATE (BITC) IN HUMAN PROSTATE
CANCER CELLS
Te-Fu Tsai, Ji-Fan Lin, Hung-En Chen Yi-Chia Lin, Kuang-Yu Chou, Thomas I-Sheng Hwang
(Taiwan)
35
PP09
INDUCTION OF AUTOPHAGIC CELL DEATH BY ALLYL ISOTHIOCYANATE
Hung-En Chen , Ji-Fan Lin, Te-Fu Tsai, Yi-Chia Lin, Kuang-Yu Chou, Thomas I-Sheng Hwang
(Taiwan)
PP10
THE EFFECTS OF AMPHETAMINE AND KETAMINE ON SPERM QUALITY AND
APOPTOSIS-RELATED GENES EXPRESSION IN TESTIS AND EPIDIDYMIS OF MALE RAT
Hung-En Chen, Ji-Fan Lin, Te-Fu Tsai, Yi-Chia Lin, Kuang-Yu Chou, Thomas I-Sheng Hwang
(Taiwan)
PP11
HIGH-DOSE TESTOSTERONE TREATMENT CAUSE APOPTOTIC CELL DEATH IN HUMAN
ANDROGEN-SENSITIVE AND –INDEPENDENT PROSTATE CANCER CELLS
Chao-Wei Tseng, Thomas I-Sheng Hwang, Yi-Chia Lin, Te-Fu Tsai, Hung-En Chen, Kuang-Yu
Chou, Ji-Fan Lin (Taiwan)
PP12
RESTORATION OF MIR-204 EXPRESSION INDUCES CELL APOPTOSIS BY TARGETING
BCL2 IN HUMAN BLADDER AND PROSTATE CANCER CELLS
Chao-Wei Tseng, Thomas I-Sheng Hwang, Yi-Chia Lin, Te-Fu Tsai, Hung-En Chen, Kuang-Yu
Chou, Ji-Fan Lin (Taiwan)
PP13
THE ASSOCIATION OF HEMOCHROMATOSIS GENE (H63D, S65C, C282Y) MUTATIONS
WITH IDIOPATHIC MALE INFERTILITY IN CHINESE HAN POPULATION
Yu XY, Wang BB, Xin ZC, Liu T, Ma K, Jiang J, Fang X, Yu LH, Peng YF, Ma X (China)
PP15
A FLEXIBLE PROGRAM OF PENILE REHABILITATION FOR THE PATIENTS OF PROSTATIC
CANCER AFTER SURGERY OR IRRADIATION TREATMENT
Han-Sun Chiang, (Taiwan)
PP17
COMPARISON OF THE EFFECT ON CAVERNOUS NERVE STIMULATION-INDUCED
INTRACAVERNOUS PRESSURE INCREASE BETWEEN DAILY AND WEEKLY
ADMINISTRATION OF SILDENAFIL IN THE RAT
Kuang-Kuo Chen, Luke S. Chang (Taiwan)
PP18
THE EFFECT OF TESTOSTERONE ON EPIMEDIUM BREVICORNUM MAXIM
EXTRACT-INDUCED PENILE ERECTION IN THE RAT
Kuang-Kuo Chen, Luke S. Chang (Taiwan)
36
PP19
HYPERPROLACTINEMIA-INDUCED HYPOGONADISM IN MALE RATS IS RELATED WITH
AUTOPHAGY OF LEYDIG CELLS
William J Huang, Hsiao-Fung Pu, Alex TL Lin, Kuang-Kuo Chen, Yi-Ting Tsai, Yi-Te Chiang, Yi-Te
Chiang (Taiwan)
PP20
THE EFFECTS OF ANTI-TNF-ANTIBODY ON NEURAL NO SYNTHASE EXPRESSION AND
SMOOTH MUSCLE CONTENT IN CARVERNOSAL TISSUE IN RATS WITH
HYPERPROLACTINEMIA-RELATED ERECTILE DYSFUNCTION
William J Huang, Yi-Ting Tsai, Yi-Te Chiang, Hsiao-Fung Pu, Alex TL Lin, Kuang-Kuo Chen,
Zhong-Lin Wang (Taiwan)
November 18, Moderated Poster Chairperson: Dr. Allen D. Seftel, Dr. Donald Bodner
PP21
STORAGE LOWER URINARY TRACT SYMPTOMS ARE PRONOUNCED IN MIDDLE-AGED
MEN WITH ERECTILE DYSFUNCTION
Wei-Kung Tsai (Taiwan)
PP22
THE TIMING OF FIRST SEXUAL INTERCOURSE AMONG CHINESE ADOLESCENTS: A
NATIONAL STUDY
Wei Guo, Zheng Wu, Yue Qiu, Gong Chen, Xiaoying Zheng (China, Canada)
PP23
THE ATTTITUDE ABOUT PHOSPHODIESTERASE TYPE 5 INHIBITORS AMONG
PHARMACISTS—A LOCAL OBSERVATIONAL STUDY
Chih-Cheng Lu, Wen-Chou Fan (Taiwan)
PP24
METABOLIC SYNDROME IN HONG KONG PATIENTS WITH ERECTILE DYSFUNCTION
Ho-Yin Ngai, Steve Wai-Hee Chan (Hong Kong)
PP26
ASSESSMENT OF ERECTILE FUNCTION IN OVERWEIGHT AND OBESE PATIENTS
Heng-Jun Xiao, Jun Chen, Xiao-Yong Pu, Hao Zhang, Xiao-Peng Liu, Yan Zhang, Bin Zhang, Xin
Gao (China)
PP27
PERCEPTION OF ERECTILE DYSFUNCTION (ED) AS A MEDICAL CONDITION BY
POPULATION WITH VARIED EDUCATIONAL BACKGROUND
Mun Yee Siaw, George EngGiap Lee (Malaysia)
PP28
PERCEPTION OF ERECTILE DYSFUNCTION (ED) AS A MEDICAL CONDITION BY
POPULATION WITH DIFFERENT SEXUAL ACTIVITY STATUS
Mun Yee Siaw, George EngGiap Lee (Malaysia)
37
PP29
PERCEPTION OF ERECTILE DYSFUNCTION (ED) AS A MEDICAL CONDITION BY
POPULATION OF DIFFERENT AGE GROUPS
Mun Yee Siaw, George EngGiap Lee (Malaysia)
PP30
ANALYSIS OF THE FACTORS WHICH HAVE EFFECTS ON ERECTILE FUNCTION; THE
RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN ERECTILE FUNCTION AND LOWER URINARY TRACT
SYMPTOMS
Eitetsu Koh, Kazuhiro Sugimoto, Masashi Iijima, Yuji Maeda, Hiroyuki Konaka, Teruaki Iwamoto,
Mikio Namiki, Kazuyoshi Shigehara (Japan)
PP31
THE DEVELOPMENT OF SELF-RATING LIBIDO SCALE FOR MALE
Bin Zhang, Tao Qi, Jun Chen, Hengjun Xiao, Bao Wang, Xiaoming Li (China)
PP32
CLINICAL INVESTIGATION OF PATIENTS WITH EJACULATORY DYSFUNCTION AND MALE
INFERTILITY
Yasushi Miyagawa, Tetsuya Takao, Hidenobu Okuda, Keisuke Yamamoto, Shinichiro Fukuhara,
Iwao Yoshioka, Yasuhiro Matsuoka, Akira Tsujimura (Japan)
PP35
PENILE
DUPLEX
VENO-OCCLUSIVE
ULTRASONOGRAPHY
DYSFUNCTION
OR
IN
POOR
MEN
WITH
PEYRONIE'S
DISEASE:
CAVERNOSAL ARTERIAL INFLOW;
CLINICAL INSIGHTS TO DIFFERENTIATE THEIR CONTRIBUTIONS TO ED
Eric Chung, Ling De Young, Gerald Brock (Australia, Canada)
PP36
THE CLINICAL EFFICACY OF HIGH DOSE VARDENAFIL FOR ERECTILE DYSFUNCTION IN
ELDER OR PATIENTS WITH METABOLIC SYNDROME
Toshiyasu Amano, Masaya Seki, Tetsuya Imao, Katsurou Takemae (Japan)
PP37
TWO DIFFERENT TYPE OF PRIAPISM AND JAPANESE EXPERIENCE OF PRIAPISM
Kenro Yamamoto, Yasutada Onodera, Yoshio Ogawa, Haruaki Sasaki, Keiichiro Aoki, Michiya Ota
(Japan)
PP38
EFFICACY AND SAFETY OF CLOMIPRAMINE HYDRO??HLORIDE CONTAINING NASAL
SPRAY FOR THE TREATMENT OF PREMATURE EJACULATION
Sh. Shavakhabov, A. Fozilov (Uzbekistan)
PP39
THE DARK SIDE OF SSRI
Yasusuke Kimoto (Japan)
PP41
2 CASES OF PREMATURE EJACULATION INDUCED BY LUMBOSACRAL NERVE INJURY
38
Bin Zhang, Jun Chen, Tao Qi, Bo Wang, Xiaoming Li, Shiqin Chen (China)
PP42
INVESTIGATION OF INTRAVAGINAL EJACULATORY LATENCY TIME IN COUPLES
Bin Zhang, Jun Chen, Tao Qi, Bo Wang, Xiaoming Li, Shiqin Chen (China)
PP44
THE EFFECTS OF ORAL ADMINISTRATION OF DA-8031, A NOVEL COMPOUND FOR
PREMATURE EJACULATION, ON MALE RAT SEXUAL BEHAVIOR
JH Sung, GJ Ahn, KK Kang, SH Kim (Republic of Korea)
PP45
MINIMALLY INVASIVE SURGERY FOR PENILE AUGMENTATION USING TYPE I COLLAGEN
Tae Kyoung Yun, Hoon Seog Jeon, Dong Wan Sohn (Republic of Korea)
PP46
PENILE LENGTHENING FOR ADULT CONTRACTILE PENIS PRESERVING SUSPENSORY
LIGAMENT
Tae Kyoun Yun, Hoon Seog Jeon, Dong Wan Sohn (Republic of Korea)
PP47
TREATMENT OF ABNORMALITY OF STABILITY OF PENILE ERECTION BY SUSPENSION
OF PENIS (A SINGLE CENTER EXPERIENCE WITH 3 PATIENTS)
Jun Chen, Bin Zhang, Hengjun Xiao, Tao Qi (China)
PP48
DOES CIRCUMCISION DECREASE PENIS SENSITIVITY ?
Joon Yong Kim, Byung Moo Kim (Republic of Korea)
PP49
PENILE AUGMENTATION SURGERY USING ACELLULAR HUMAN DERMAL TISSUR WITH
INJECTION METHOD.
Joon Yong Kim, Byung Moo Kim (Republic of Korea)
PP50
VULVODYNIA AND SEXUAL QUALITY OF LIFE
Ching-Hui Chen, Yen-chin Lin, Wei-Min Liu, Li-Hsuan Chiu, Peng-Hui Wang (Taiwan)
PP51
OBESITY, INSULIN RESISTANCE AND THEIR CORRELATION WITH TESTOSTERONE
LEVELS IN AGING MALE PATIENTS
Sh Janjgava, L. Uchava, T. Doliashvil, M. Tsagareli, E. Giorgadze, K. Asatiani, N. Jiqurauli, T.
Zerekidze (Georgia)
39
PP53
THE COMPARISON OF GREENLIGHT LASER AND DIODE LASER PROSTATECTOMY:
ANALYSIS OF SEXUAL FUNCTION CHANGES
Fu-Shun Hsu (Taiwan)
November 19, Moderated Poster Chairperson: Dr. Ajay Nehra, Dr. T. Kamaraj
PP55
DEDIFFERENTIATED LIPOSARCOMA OF THE SCROTUM AND PARATESTICULAR
REGION—CASES REPORT
Chih-Cheng Lu (Taiwan)
PP56
UPDATING COMPARISON OF PROSTATE CANCER PRACTICE GUIDELINES AND
CONSENSUS AMONG CHINA, SINGAPORE AND TAIWAN
Chih-Cheng Lu, Wen-Chou Fan, Tse-Chou Cheng (Taiwan)
PP57
THE CORRELATION OF TESTICULAR MICROLITHIASIS AND MALE INFERTILITY
To Chang, William J.S. Huang, Yi-Te Chiang, Alex T.L. Lin, Kuang-Kuo Chen (Taiwan)
PP58
DYNAMIC EVIDENCE OF THE PENILE VENOUS ERECTILE APPARATUS
Geng-Long Hsu, Cheng-Hsing Hsieh (Taiwan)
PP59
THE ASSOCIATION BETWEEN ERECTILE DYSFUNCTION AND THE RISK FACTORS FOR
CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE: A BRIEF REVIEW OF THE LITERATURE
Heng-Jun Xiao, Cheng Hu, Teng-Cheng Li, Yan Zhang, Jun Chen, Bin Zhang, Xiang-Fu Zhou, Xin
Gao (China)
PP61
MULTIPLE ARTERIAL OCCLUSION WITH CLINICAL MANIFESTATIONS OF ERECTILE
DYSFUNCTION
Bin Zhang, Jun Chen, Tao Qi, Bo Wang, Xiaoming Li, Shiqin Chen (China)
PP62
VENTRICULAR TACHYCARDIA INDUCED BY SEXUAL ACTIVITY пј€TWO CASES
REPORTEDпј‰
Bin Zhang, Jun Chen, Tao Qi, Bo Wang, Xiaoming Li, Shiqin Chen (China)
PP63
О‘-BLOCKERS COMBINED WITH ELECTRONIC BIOFEEDBACK TREATMENT PROSTATITIS
EFFECTS OF TYPE III
le xu, minqie qiu, jiehong jiang (China)
PP64
MICROSURGICAL DENERVATION OF THE SPERMATIC CORD FOR TREATMENT OF
IDIOPATHIC CHRONIC ORCHIALGIA (FIRST CASE OF REPORT IN CHINA)
40
Xiangan Tu, Shaopeng Qiu, Chunhua Deng, Liangyun Zhao, Xiangzhou Sun (China)
PP65
EFFECT OF TRANSURETHRAL RESECTION OF EJACULATORY DUCT FOR TREATMENT
OF EJACULATORY DUCT OBSTRUCTION (REPORT OF 60 CASES)
Chuanhua Deng, Xiangan Tu, Liangyun Zhao, Liang Zhao, Wenwei Wang, Liwen Deng, Yu Chen
(China)
PP69
HOW HARD IT WOULD BE FOR PENIS TO BREAK INTO VAGINA?
Liuhong Cai, Bin Zhang, Jun Chen, Hui Lin (China)
PP70
THE MANAGEMENT AND TRAINING FOR THE GUIDE NURSES IN OUT-PATIENT
DEPARTMENT OF SEXUAL MEDICINE
Xinjian Feng, Hui Lin, Bin Zhang, Jun Chen (China)
PP71
IMPLEMENTATION OF CONSULTATION INTRODUCTION SERVICES IN OUTPATIENT
DEPARTMENT OF SEXUAL MEDICINE
Xinjian Feng, Hui Lin, Bin Zhang, Jun Chen (China)
PP72
INVESTIGATION ON THE SATISFACTION OF OUT-PATIENTS IN OUT-PATIENT
DEPARTMENT OF SEXUAL MEDICINE WITH HOSPITAL NURSING
Xinjian Feng, Hui Lin, Bin Zhang, Jun Chen (China)
PP73
“PARTIN TABLE” FOR TAIWANESE PATIENTS WITH PROSTATE CANCER
Ching-Hsin Chang, William J.S. Huang, Yen-Hwa Chang, Chin-Chen Pan, Hsiao-Jen Chung,
Junne-Yih Kuo, Shing-Hwa Lu, Alex T.L. Lin, Kuang-Kuo Chen (Taiwan)
PP74
TRAUMATIC EXPERIENCE AND SUBJECTIVE SYMPTOM SCORES IN WOMEN WITH
INTERSTITIAL CYSTITIS/PAINFUL BLADDER SYNDROME (IC/PBS) IN TAIWAN
Wei-Chih Chen, Ming-Huei Lee, Chiu-De Chiu, Huei-Ching Wu, Yi-Chang Chen (Taiwan)
PP75
DIFFERENCES IN THE SUBJECTIVE SYMPTOMS, URODYNAMIC EXAMINATION AND
CYSTOSCOPIC MAXIMAL BLADDER CAPACITY OF INTERSTITIAL CYSTITIS/ PAINFUL
BLADDER SYNDROME (IC/PBS) IN WOMEN WITH OR WITHOUT SEXUAL PAIN
Huei-Ching Wu, Wei-Chih Chen, Ming-Huei Lee, Chui-De Chiu, Yi-Chang Chen (Taiwan)
PP76
PATHOLOGY OF URETHRAL FIBROUS-MUSCULAR SYSTEM RELATED TO
PARTURITION-INDUCED STRESS URINARY INCONTINENCE AND TGF-О’1/SMAD
PATHWAY
41
Guang-Yong Li, Wan-Shou Cui, Feng Zhou, Zhe-Zhu Gao, Hua Xin, Tao Liu, Wei-Ren Li,
Yan-Qing Gong,Guang-Yi Bai, Zhong-cheng Xin (China)
PP77
EFFECTS OF ICARIIN AND ICARISIDEв…ЎON ENOS EXPRESSION AND NOS ACTIVITY IN
PORCINE AORTA ENDOTHELIAL CELL PREVENTIVE
Tao Liu, Xincheng Qing, Weiren Li, Feng Zhou, Guangyong Li, Hua Xin, Yanqing Gong,
Zhongcheng Xin (China)
PP78
EFFECTS OF ICARIIN ON IMPROVING ERECTILE FUNCTION IN
STREPTOZOTOCIN-INDUCED DIABETIC RATS
Tao Liu, Hua Xin, Weiren Li, Jian Zhang, Feng Zhou, Wanshou Cui, Guangyong Li, Yanqing
Gong, Zhang Nan, Xin Zhongcheng (China)
PP79
EFFECTS OF ICARISIDEв…Ў ON TGF-О’1/SMAD/CTGF AND NO-CGMP PATHWAYS AND
CORPUS
CAVERNOSUM
FIBROUS-MUSCULAR
ALTERATIONS
IN
RATS
WITH
STREPTOZOTOCIN-INDUCED DIABETES
Feng Zhou, Hua Xin, Tao Liu, Guang-Yong Li, Zhe-Zhu Gao, Jing Liu, Wei-Ren Li, Wan-Shou Cui,
Guang-Yi Bai, Nam Cheol Park, Zhong-Cheng Xin (China, Republic of Korea )
PP80
PLGA BIODEGRADABLE SCAFFOLD COGRAFTING WITH AUTOLOGOUS ADSC ON PENIS
GIRTH ENHANCEMENT
Wanshou Cui, zhe Jin, Yanqing Gong, Tao Liu, Weiren Li, Guangyong Li, Feng Zhou, Guangyi Bai
(China)
PP81
EFFICACY
AND
SAFETY
OF
RETROPERITONEAL
LAPAROSCOPIC
VERICOCELECTOMY(RPLV) SUPER-HIGH LIGATION FOR TREATING VARICOCELE WITH
MALE INFERTILITY. A PILOT CLINICAL STUDY
Jin-xing Lv, Liang-liang Wang, Guang-yong Li, Jin-xian Fu, Zhong-cheng Xin (China)
PP82
THE SELF-ESTIMATION INDEX OF ERECTILE FUNCTION-NO SEXUAL LIFE (SIEF-NS):A
MULTIDIMENSIONAL SCALE FOR ERECTILE DYSFUNCTION-NO SEXUAL LIFE
Yiming Yuan, Zhichao Zhang, Bing Gao, Jing Peng, Zhongcheng Xin, Weidong Song, Jie Jin,
Yinglu Guo (China)
PP83
THE ROLE OF SYMPATHETIC AND PARASYMPATHETIC NERVE SYSTEMS ON THE
SMOOTH MUSCLE OF RAT SEMINAL VESICLES--- EXPERIMENTAL RESULTS AND
SPECULATION FOR PHYSIOLOGICAL IMPLICATION ON EJACULATION
Vincent FS Tsai, Hong-Chiang Chang, Yuh-Chen Kuo, Shih-Ping Liu, Ju-Ton Hsieh (Taiwan)
42
PP84
THE PERIPHERAL EFFECT OF DOPAMINE ON CONTRACTION OF RAT SEMINAL
VESICLES--- IN VIVO REGULATION AND ORGAN BATH STUDY
Vincent FS Tsai, Fu-Shan Jaw, Hong-Chiang Chang, Yuh-Chen Kuo, Shih-Ping Liu, Ju-Ton Hsieh
(Taiwan)
PP85
WHAT DO MEN KNOW ABOUT THEIR SEXUAL HEALTH – A QUALITATIVE STUDY IN “GEN
X AND Y”
VKM Lee1, CJ Ng2, EM Khoo2, LP Wong2, WY Low2, HM Tan (Malaysia)
PP86
THE EFFECT OF PLATELET RICH FIBRIN ON CAVERNOUS NERVE REGENERATION IN A
NERVE INJURY RAT MODEL
Chien-Chih Wu, Hsiu-O Ho, Yi-No Wu, Han-Sun Chiang (Taiwan)
PP87
ASSOCIATION BETWEEN ENDOGENOUS SEX HORMONES, SEX HORMONE-BINDING
GLOBULIN, AND SERUM C-REACTIVE PROTEIN LEVELS IN BOTH SEXES
Chun-Hou Liao, Han-Sun Chiang, Hung-Yuan Li, Wen-Ya Ma (Taiwan)
PP88
SERUM TESTOSTERONE LEVELS SIGNIFICANTLY CORRELATE
Yu-Wei Chou, Chun-Hou Liao, Han-Sun Chiang, Hong-Jeng Yu (Taiwan)
PP89
TESTOSTERONE AND SEX HORMONE-BINDING GLOBULIN HAVE SIGNIFICANT
ASSOCIATION WITH METABOLIC SYNDROME IN TAIWANESE ME
Chia-Hao Kuei, hun-Hou Liao, Hong-Jeng Yu, Han-Sun Chiang (Taiwan)
PP90
DEVELOPMENT OF SEXUAL SELF-CONCEPT SCALE FOR ADOLESCENTS
Jiunn-Horng Lou, Sheng-Hwang Chen, Cheng-Joo Eng, Yen-Chin Lin, Fang-Chen Lin (Taiwan)
PP91
THE MEDICAL-CARE SEEKING BEHAVIORS AND LIFE EXPERIENCES AMONG
VAGINISMUS PATIENTS AND THEIR PARTNERS IN TAIWAN
Hsing-Yuan Liu, Cherng-Jye Jeng (Taiwan)
43
Abstracts
Speakers’ Abstract P. 45- P. 101
Oral Presentation
Poster Presentation
P. 102- P. 134
Please visit the website at www.apssm2011.com
44
SH-01
MALE SEXUAL DYSFUNCTIONS IN AUSTRALIA
Kew-Kim Chew
Keogh Institute for Medical Research (Australia)
Purpose: To present an overview of male sexual dysfunctions in Australia.
Materials and methods: Australian epidemiological data from research publications relevant to male sexual dysfunctions
were reviewed and their implications examined. Management options were investigated as well as their availability,
accessibility and affordability.
Results: About 70% of adult Australian men were sexually active, and the level of sexual activity decreased with age. Of
men aged 40-80 years, 38% had sexual intercourse more than once a week.
Decreased sexual desire was reported by 18-37% of men aged 40 years and older. The prevalence rate of premature
ejaculation was 23% in this age group.
The prevalence and severity of erectile dysfunction (ED) increased with age. ED regardless of severity was reported by
25.1% of men aged 20-80+ years, and 8.5% reported severe ED. Of men with ED, 30% had sought treatment in a study
conducted in 2003, compared to 12% and 14%, respectively, in studies conducted in 1996/97 and in 2001/02.
Cigarette smoking was shown to incur, independently, increased risk of ED and that, to be beneficial, smoking cessation
must occur early and before mid-life. Findings from various studies confirmed a close relationship between ED and
cardiovascular (CV) disease, the common denominator in both these conditions being atherosclerosis from endothelial
dysfunction. ED was associated with increased risk of subsequent CV events, particularly in the younger age groups. It
was also associated with increased CV mortality. There is a wide range of treatment options for ED in Australia. This is
available within the national Medicare system and from alternative sources. Accessibility is reasonable but treatment is not
always affordable.
Conclusion: Male sexual dysfunctions are prevalent in Australia, and are age-related and undertreated. These have
significant implications in a population with rapidly increasing proportion of elderly men. Men with ED, particularly cigarette
smokers, should be rigorously investigated for CV risk factors and disease.
45
SH-02
PHYTOTHERAPY ON SEXUAL DYSFUNCTION IN ASIA: PAST, PRESENT AND FUTURE
Zhong-cheng Xin
Andrology Center, Peking University First Hospital,Peking University (China)
Herbal medicine has been used as phytotherapy in Asia more than thousands of years, especially in the eastern and
southern Asian countries. In history, the phytotherapy in Koreaпј€Dong-eui-bo-gamпј‰and Japan (Kampo medicine) were
introduced with Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) before the introduction of Western medicine. In TCM, many of
cocktailed natural herbs are widely used as integrity therapy for caring the patients in different forms such as powder,
capsules, tinctures, or syrups et al. Among of the herbs in the cocktail, one or two herbs work as the remedies cardinal in
the therapy, and the others work as the remedy adjutants, which help the remedies cardinal to work more effectively.
Different from Western medicine, all the interactive ingredients are looked as integrity for therapy, and the individualized
treatment of disease is looked as the essence of TCM. Although the safety and efficacy of phytotherapy on sexual
dysfunction still need to be further investigated, recently, there are more interesting studies were carried out to investigate
the efficacy of monomer chemical ingredients isolated from herb medicine on sexual dysfunction. In this manuscript, we
evaluated past, present and future phytotherapy on sexual dysfunction.
46
SH-03
SEXUAL DYSFUNCTION AND QUALITY OF LIFE IN INDONESIA
Doddy M. Soebadi
Department of Urology, Airlangga University Hospital (Indonesia)
The mostly reported sexual problems among Indonesian men were lack of sexual interest, erection difficulties and early
ejaculation. Sexual problem among Indonesian women were dominated by lack of sexual interest, lubrication difficulties
and inability to reach orgasm. About 96% of Indonesian men and women who had sexual problem did not seek help for
their problems. The main reason mentioned was that talking to other people about their sexual problems was
embarrassing (24).
Sexual dysfunction among older people is a sensitive issue, and talking and discussing about sexuality is uncommon in
many settings. It can be embarrassing and usually uncomfortable to do in some socio-cultural settings in the community.
Even though over 1/3 of the world population at sexual active age-group reported at least one problem of sexual
dysfunction, only less than 1/5 of them seek medical help for their sexual problem (25). Only few of the older people (less
than 10%) discussed their sexual dysfunction with their physicians and they reported that physician seldom asked about
patient’s sexual life (22).
There is a lack of common understanding of sexual problem, sexual satisfaction and general sexual life among elderly
people. Many were lack of awareness on the problem, and believed that sexual problem does not need to take into
account, or not being troubled by the problem.
Men and women who had no more sexual contact in the last 12 months had higher odds to report poor quality of life than
those older people who had sexual frequency at least once a week. The qualitative study found out that respondent view
an older.
iiiвђЈpeople with good quality life as a healthy older people (physical and mental health), if the older people gets supports
from family and community, if they are still productive economically and can participate in the community activity, if they are
knowledgeable, and if they believe in God. The older people agreed it is natural that sexual activity decreased with aging,
that it can be worsen by diseases which make sexual activity become difficult, and that sexual activity is viewed as a
responsibility to their spouse
For men in Indonesia, the �idea’ frequency of sexual intercourse is significantly higher than what it is for women (13/month
vs. 8.9/month). Over half of men and women felt they were having about the right amount of sex. For both men and women
in Indonesia, an �ideal’ sexual experience is strongly associated with erection-related factors. More than eight in ten men
and three-quarters of women rank erection hardness or the ability to maintain an erection as either the �most’ or �second
most’ important elements necessary for achieving an �ideal’ sexual experience. For both men and women in Indonesia
having an emotional connection with their partner is the most important aspect to improve in order to achieve �ideal’ sexual
relations. Physical foreplay and good communication round out the top three improvement priorities for both genders.
Seven in ten men (71%) and nearly two-thirds of women (64%) agree that the ability to maintain an erection during
intercourse is one of the most important erection-related aspects to improve in order to achieve an �ideal’ sexual
experience.
47
SH-04
SEXUAL MEDICINE IN MONGOLIA
Nansalmaa Naidan
Health Science University of Mongolia ADAM Urology and Andrology Clinic (Mongolia)
Mongolia is one of Asian developing countries has about 2.7 population in big land 1mln 566 4600 Sq. km. Gender ratio is
49,6 : 50,4 male to female. Immigration from rural area to urbanization increased in last ten years and therefore, now in
218 people in 1 sq km and in contrast 0.4 people in some places.Fast grown urbanization brings many health issues
including cardiovascular disease, obesity and metabolic syndromes causing from life style changes as well as many sexual
disorders such as erectile dysfunction, sexual transmitted diseases and also counterfeit drugs.
Since established Mongolian Society for Sexual Medicine in 2009, the first international meeting held about sexual
medicine and ED with sponsorship APSSM. The Second meeting will be in November conjunction with Mongolian
Urological association. We had following progress in sexual medicine.
1. The first initial androgenic study was completed in aging males in 2010-2011. Two following research studies are
ongoing:
1).The effect of the human androgen receptor genes CAG and GGN repeat polymorphisms on hypogonadism and
androgen level of Mongolians.
2). Determine the relation between the androgen receptor level and androgens level on hypogonadism rate among aging
man.
2. Erectile dysfunction is available to diagnose and treat by PDF-5 blockers by Bayer Shering and Pfizer ED medicines are
now available to use in Mongolia, on the request of MSSM. But still we have many fake medicines are selling on black
market.
3. Testosterone replacement therapy the first introduced in 2011 Jan in testosterone undeconate (Nebido by Bayer
Shering).
4.
European and traditional medicine doctors collaborating in clinical research in male and female sexual dysfunction in
some medicine.
We have goals to increase the number of specialist and need to bring more attention to professionals and makers and
sexual health problems related to both genders sexual health and life quality.
- According to wrong information many young men have injected foreign body in their penis at home and come to hospital
when have inflammation or laceration.
-Sexual problems among women are still not solved well. It is related to cultural issues and do not have enough specialists
for female sexual disorders except gynecologist.
48
SH-05
IS INDIA THE IMPOTENCE (ED) CAPITAL OF THE WORLD ?
Sudhakar Krishnamurt
Andromeda Andrology Center (India)
Large scale demographic studies of sexual dysfunctions have not been conducted in India yet. However, we have
deductive logical inferences that strongly suggest that India is the ED capital of the world in terms of sheer numbers.
Here’s how:
- Today, India already nearly has the world’s largest population.
- Thanks to female feticide, infanticide, and homicide, India has more males than females.
- This means that India nearly has the world’s largest population of men.
- With the world's third most populous nation being far behind, this leaves only China and India to compete for the
impotence crown.
- India has more young men than China, which has more old men.
- Therefore, India probably has the largest number of men in the sexually active age group.
Even with prevalence rates pegged merely at the global average (10 % of below 40s, and 52 % of over 40s), India will have
the largest absolute numbers of impotent men in the world. But there is evidence that India has a higher prevalence rate of
ED than most other countries, e.g.:
- India has a very high incidence of coronary heart disease (CHD) in young, sexually active men in their 30s, 40s and 50s.
In one study conducted in Chandigarh, it was found that 65.4 % of men over 30 suffered some form of CHD !
- India has very high prevalence rates of hypertension, hypercholesterolemia and other hyperlipidemias.
- Lastly, and importantly, it is already well known that India is the diabetes (most important cause of ED) capital of the
world.
And, with increasing urbanization (demographic experts predict that in another few decades, 80 to 90 % of India will live in
and around its cities), co-morbid factors like sedentary lifestyles, bad diets, obesity, stress, poor quality of sexual
relationships, cigarette smoking, excessive alcohol consumption, and drug abuse increase significantly, making matters
even worse.
49
SH-06
SEXUAL MEDICINE: KOREA’S ASPECT IN ERECTILE DYSFUNCTION
Nam Cheol Park
Department of Urology, Pusan National University School of Medicine (Republic of Korea)
Erectile dysfunction (ED) has become one of the major public-health challenges in Korea over the last decade. ED is a
common male disability associated with increasing age, and has significant impacts on the quality of life and interpersonal
well-being under the progressive circumstance to aging or aged society. Current ideas related with ED in Korean society
also has been deeply influenced by rapid changes to western lifestyle, especially high fat diet as well as the peeling of the
traditional conception. In addition, increase of specific medical illnesses such as cardiovascular disease, components of
metabolic syndrome like diabetes mellitus, visceral obesity, hypertension and dyslipidemia, lower urinary tract symptoms
and depression are inevitable causes to increase ED patients.
In Korea, sildenafil was approved by KFDA on 1999, and has excellent effectiveness, simplicity, lack of serious safety
concerns, and preferences of patients and physicians over previous therapeutic options, which followed by increasing the
public awareness about ED and the number of patients seeking physicians for the treatment of ED. After these revolutions,
oral pharmacotherapy with phosphodiesterase-5 (PDE-5) inhibitors are mostly preferred in the vast majority of ED patients.
Other PDE-5 inhibitors were helpful to accommodate better for patient's needs and preferences with more advanced
В®
effective solution to provide wider range of choices. There are 6 PDE-5 inhibitors including udenafil (Zydena ), mirodenafil
В®
В®
В®
В®
(Mvix ) and avanafil (Zepeed ) from Korean pharmaceutical companies as well as sildenafil (Viagra ), vardenafil (Levitra )
В®
and tadalafil (Cialis ) from global pharmaceutical companies. Unfortunately, up to now, it is not fully studied about
comparative results among 6 PDE-5 inhibitors and which agent is better or more adequate for any patient because of lack
of data by head-to-head or cross-over clinical trials. Now we are just facing to phase II study of avanafil from global
pharmaceutical company. Oral pharmacotherapy generally followed by self-injection pharmacotherapy, vacuum
constriction device and penile prosthesis as second-line options for ED treatment according to the clinical setting and
preference by patient and his partner. Among the original products from global manufacturers for these standard
therapeutic options, Korean pharmaceutical companies have developed new drugs independently to enhance the male
В®
sexual function, such as topical anesthetics for premature ejaculation (SS cream ) in 1998, dry frozen powder for trimix
В®
В®
В®
(Standro ) in 2002 and three kinds of new oral PDE-5 inhibitors, udenafil (Zydena ), mirodenafil (Mvix ) and avanafil
В®
(Zepid ) in 2005, 2007 and 2011, respectively, under KFDA approval. Under situation of terminating the right of patent for
sildenafil on 2012, Korean pharmaceutical companies are currently developing new preparations including new
oro-dispersible agent with biofilm or mixed agents with selective serotonin reuptake agent.
Other non-prescribed herbal medicines are still attractive to some ED patients and sex partners under the influence of
oriental tradition. Results of recent researches also support scientific evidences for clinical availability of oriental herbal
medicines for the treatment of ED, for examples Korean ginseng extract and KH-204 etc.
In the past 3 decades, a lot of basic and clinical researches for the understanding of the physiology of erectile function
brought a tremendous advance in the management of ED patients. Successful academic activities by basic researchers
and clinicians working at major university research institutes and general hospitals as well as pharmaceutical companies
have made the current Korean situation to be possible. Furthermore, ED is almostly conquered disease in modern
medicine. Thus from now on, our efforts should be focused on the prevention of ED and the development of new
therapeutic options for ED patient. In spite of delightful clinical setting and outcome, the choices by most Korean men for
ED treatment still have limited by the traditional options, like as herbal medicine and various healthy foods, which results in
extremely low chance to discuss his problems with physician, comparing with high attention about his sexual activity on a
recent inquiry survey. Therefore, continuing education is mandatory to enhance the detection of partner issues as well as
the patient understandings and communications related with ED.
50
SH-07
SEXUAL HEALTH IN TAIWAN
Han-Sun Chiang
Immediate Past President of APSSM
The concept of sex as a part of health, sexual dysfunction is a part of disease in Taiwan could be gradually evoluted in the
year of 1980. Before that, sex is taboo and could not be talked in public; sexual dysfunction was belong to some kind of
general weakness and only treated by traditional medicine. A group of health education professor, psychiatrist, urologist,
gynecologist and psychology counselor devoted to sex education and formed the society of sex education in the year of
1995. They promoted the sex education in the school and community, including sexuality and sexual development,
fertility and contraception, prevention of sexual transmitted diseases etc. After that, the material of sex education enter
into the curriculum and medium in Taiwanese society.
Clinically, sexual dysfunction was only treated by some psychiatrist with sex therapy in the year before 1990. Penile
prosthesis implantation was started then. The Taiwanese association of Andrology was founded in 1993, most of the
members are urologist and subspeciaized in male sexual function or male infertility. Prof Lin and I had joined the APSIR
(Asian-Pacific Society for Impotence Research) which was founded on Nov. 5-6, 1987. We organized the 3rd APSIR
congress in Taipei on 1991.
The management of male sexual dysfunction became very active after the era of PDE5 inhibitors. We also founded
EDAC (Erectile Dysfunction Association Committee) in the Taiwanese Association of Andrology.
The committee
conducted collaboration research project, established the clinical guideline for the diagnosis and treatment of ED as well
as promoted social education for the public awareness. In the mean time, there is also a male infertility study group
founded in the Taiwanese Association of Andrology to conduct the male infertility investigations in Taiwan.
The current status of sexual health in Taiwan is well developed and promoted. In Kaohsiung, a graduate institute of
sexuality was established with master and Ph D courses. The major interests of sexual medicine are not only limited to
the field of male erectile dysfunction. They covered the field of aging problems, female sexual dysfunction, sexual
rehabilitation, premature ejaculation etc. The program of sexual transmitted diseases prevention also became a regular
forum for the medical doctors.
SL-01
PRIAPISM: NEW CONCEPT AND IMPROVED STRATEGY
Tom F. Lue
Department of Urology, University of California (United States)
Better understanding of the mechanism of various types of priapisms has resulted in better understanding of priapism and
improved management strategy.
Ischemic priapism may be conceptualized as a compartment syndrome of the penis which leads to tissue ischemia and
damage. The final common pathway seems to be paralysis of the intracavernous smooth muscle resulting in venous
occulsion. While management of underlying co-morbid conditions (drugs, sickle cell disease, etc) may be of value in
preventing recurrences there should be no delay in prompt therapy to relieve the priapism itself. As with any other ischemic
condition, best results are obtained when ischemic priapism is managed quickly and effectively. Non-ischemic priapism is
mostly due to traumatic rupture of the cavernous artery or its branches. In the majority of cases the venous channels
remain open and the penis is partially erect. Non-ischemic priapism is not typically painful and need not be managed in an
emergent fashion as tissue ischemia and damage do not typically occur. A variant of non-ischemic priapism is the
hyperemic state after shunting procedure for ischemic priapism.
Directed therapy for ischemic priapism should not be delayed. For priapism of less than 24-hour duration, evacuation of old
blood and intracavernous injection of diluted alpha-adrenergic agent (e.g. phenylephrine) is the treatment of choice. In
priapism of more than 24-hour duration, most cases require a shunting procedure to re-establish circulation of the corpora
cavernosa. There are three types of shunting: cavernosum to glans, cavernosum to spongiosum and cavernosum to dorsal
or saphenous vein. The easiest and most effective is T-shunt with or without tunneling.
Non-ischemic priapism is not an emergency. Spontaneous resolution of non-ischemic priapism has been reported. By color
Doppler, two types of ruptured artery can be identified: main cavernous artery or its branches. If management is desired,
androgen ablation therapy is effective in managing the ruptured branches. In cases with ruptured main cavernous artery,
angiographic embolization followed by androgen ablation may be needed. In long standing cases, surgical ligation can be
considered in cases where angiography fails. The ruptured artery must form a rind-like pseudocapsule before surgery is
contemplated.
Stuttering priapism is a complication of a treated ischemic priapism. By virtually eliminating nocturnal erections, androgen
ablation therapy can be used to prevent the recurring episodes. Low dose of type 5 phosphodiesterase inhibitors and 5
alpha reductase inhibitor have also been reported to be effective in some cases.
51
SL-03
HYPOACTIVE SEXUAL DESIRE DISORDER IS TREATABLE
Tai Young Ahn
Asan Medical Center and College of Medicine, University of Ulsan (Republic of Korea)
Hypoactive sexual desire disorder (HSDD) is relatively common among women and causes considerable distress as well
as interpersonal difficulties. Up to 10% of women in the USA suffer from female sexual dysfunction of which HSDD is the
major subindication. Nevertheless, many women with HSDD remain untreated because they are reluctant to discuss
sexual issues with their physicians and have low expectations concerning the prospects for help. HSDD may result from
pathophysiological changes in excitatory and inhibitory neurotransmission. Thus, a hypofunctional excitation and/or a
hyperfunctional inhibition are likely to be involved in HSDD by means of significant alteration in neurochemical and
neuroanatomical brain systems.
Flibanserin is in late stage clinical development for the treatment of HSDD in women. These data were first presented on
November 16, 2009 at the congress of the European Society for Sexual Medicine in Lyon, France. The women receiving
flibanserin reported that the average number of times they had “satisfying sexual events” rose from 2.8 to 4.5 times a
month. Evaluation of the overall improvement of their condition and whether the benefit was meaningful to the women,
showed a significantly higher rate of a meaningful benefit in the flibanserin-treated patient group versus the placebo group.
The overall incidence of adverse events among women taking flibanserin was low, the majority of adverse events being
mild to moderate and resolved during the treatment. The most commonly reported adverse events included dizziness,
nausea, fatigue, somnolence and insomnia. This agent is known to work on the central nervous system, acting as both a
5-HT1A serotonin receptor agonist and a 5-HT2A serotonin receptor antagonist. Chronic treatment of flibanserin reduces
5-HT activity and enhances dopamine and norepinephrine activity in prefrontal cortex, which may act to increase the
efficiency of informantion processing in critical pyramidal neurons linked to the symptoms of HSDD.
52
SL-04
CON- TREATMENT OF HYPOACTIVE SEX AND THE ED OBSTACLE
George Lee
Consultant Urological Surgeon Associate Professor of Surgery University of Malaya (Malaysia)
Male hypoactive sexual desire disorder (HSDD) is believed to be a common sexual dysfunction that affects a significant
male population. The majority of the researches done are on female HSDD while male oriented studies remain
underreported and poorly understood and there is a paucity of standardized clinical data on male HSDD. McCarthy & Metz,
2007 has stated that contrary to the public perception of male sexuality as being natural and simple, male sexuality is
multi-causal, multi-dimensional, and complex, with large individual, couple, cultural and value differences. The core issue
is sexual secret, where the alpha male commonly stonewalls from his sexual partner. In descending order, they are a
variant arousal pattern (deviant arousal is much less common), a preference for masturbatory sex rather than intimate
couple sex, a history of poorly processed sex trauma; or a conflict about sexual orientation. At present, there is no
generally accepted treatment for both female and male HSDD. Although bupropion, a drug with possible efficacy to treat
HSDD are used, there are no standardized clinical data. Attempts to treat by using PDE-5 inhibitors and other medications
have failed to address the most important underlying issue, which is sexual desire. Studies of efficacy of
dehydroepiandroterone have been inconsistent. Long-term supraphysiological doses of testosterone have unclear
implication. Male HSDD remains a stigmatized and underreported sexual dysfunction. Usually, the man denies the
problem and avoids dealing with sexual secrets or fears. The need for a more conceptual, research, and clinical attention
to this multi-causal and multi-dimensional problem is pivotal in addressing the issue. Clinically oriented approach to male
HSSD should focus on assessment of both individual and couple factors. Male HSDD is the prime factor in non-sexual
marriages and needs to be addressed in a comprehensive, couple psychosocial model of assessment, treatment and
prevention of relapse.
53
SL-07
STUTTERING PRIAPISM, HOW TO MANAGE
Doddy M. Soebadi
Department of Urology, Airlangga University Hospital (Indonesia)
Introduction: Priapism is defined as a persistent, uncontrollable penile erection continuing beyond or unrelated to sexual
stimulation. When an erection lasts longer than 4 hours, it is considered priapism and warrants evaluation and possible
treatment. Although the initial evaluation of both types of priapism is similar, the pathophysiology and intervention differ for
each, thus necessitating proper diagnosis.New concepts in the field of priapism research suggest that priapism often
results from altered vascular homeostatic actions in the penis and is associated with deficient erection control mechanisms
on a molecular level.
Material and Methods: Review of the literature that relates the pathways and clinical treatment that contribute to the
development and treatment of priapism including stuttering priapism.
Results: Ischemic priapism (“low flow”) is primarily a disorder of the venous outflow and/or stasis. Nonischemic (“high flow”)
is a disorder of arterial inflow. An important consideration when distinguishing between the 2 types of priapism is the
sequelae of fibrosis and erectile dysfunction more often associated with ischemic priapism. For diagnosis of ischemic
priapism, emergent intervention is required with the predominant course to achieve smooth muscle constriction via corpora
cavernosal aspiration / irrigation with concomitant use of a sympathomimetic agent. In the event that aspiration fails,
surgical intervention may be required utilizing distal or proximal shunts. Nonischemic priapism is not a surgical emergency.
Observation will result in spontaneous resolution in 60% of patients; for patients who require intervention, selective arterial
embolization is the primary treatment modality.
Conclusion: The goal of the management of a patient with recurrent (stuttering) priapism is prevention of future episodes
while management of each episode should follow the specific treatment recommendations for ischemic priapism.
Hormonal therapy for stuttering priapism has a contraceptive effect and interferes with normal sexual maturation.
Therefore, these agents are contraindicated in persons (children) who have not completed their growth and sexual
maturation and those trying to conceive.
54
SL-08
THE ROLE OF MAJOR PELVIC GANGLION IN THE NEURAL PATHWAY OF ELECTRICAL STIMULATION-INDUCED
SEMINAL VESICAL PRESSURE INCREASE IN THE RAT
Kuang-Kuo Chen, Luke S. Chang
Department of Surgery, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, and Shu-Tien Urological Research Center, National Yang-Ming
University (Taiwan)
Purpose: Seminal vesicle contraction and the following increase of seminal vesical pressure (SVP) under sympathetic
innervation occur during the emission phase of ejaculatory process. The lesser splanchnic nerve (LSN) is a presynaptic
sympathetic nerve. Our previous studies have found that electrical stimulation (ES) of the major pelvic ganglion (MPG) or
LSN may induce a significant increase of SVP in the rat. Cavernous nerve (CN) is a branch of MPG. Therefore, the aim of
this study was to investigate the role of MPG in the neural pathway of ES-induced SVP increase in the rat
Materials and methods: Male adult Sprague-Dawley rats were used. A PE50 tube was inserted into left and right seminal
vesicle, respectively to simultaneously monitor the SVP on each side. The MPG and LSN were electrically stimulated,
respectively. Then the right MPG was resected and LSN was stimulated. The left MPG was then also resected, and LSN
was electrically stimulated again. In the other experiments, CN was also electrically stimulated. Then transection of CN,
and stimulated the distal CN again. The amount of SVP increase was defined as the difference between peak SVP and
resting SVP.
Results: There was an equivalent amount of SVP increase at left and right side (60.3 В± 8.2 mmHg and 61.1 В± 6.3 mmHg,
respectively, p=0.818) after ES of right MPG. A comparable amount of SVP increase at left and right side (56.4 В± 9.8
mmHg and 44.7 В± 8.5 mmHg, respectively, p=0.310) after ES of LSN was also noted. After transection of right MPG
followed by ES of LSN, again there was a comparable amount of SVP increase at left and right side (55.5 В± 7.1 mmHg and
34.7 В± 3.3 mmHg, respectively, p=0.065). However, there was no change of SVP at each side after resection of bilateral
MPG followed by ES of LSN. A significant increase of SVP was noted (9.7 В± 1.2 mmHg vs. 49.7 В± 6.3 mmHg, p=0.028)
after ES of CN. After transection of CN, ES of distal CN was ineffective to induce a significant change of SVP. However,
there was a significant increase of SVP from 2.2 В± 0.7 mmHg to 41.7 В± 7.5 mmHg after MPG stimulation.
Conclusion: Electrical stimulation of the MPG and LSN may elicit a simultaneous significant equivalent amount of SVP
increase on left and right seminal vesicle, respectively in the rat. Electrical stimulation of LSN may induce bilateral SVP
increase even one side MPG is resected. However, this ES of LSN-induced bilateral SVP increase is eliminated after
resection of bilateral MPG. Electrical stimulation of CN may also elicit a significant increase of SVP. Transection of CN may
eliminate the ES-induced SVP increase. This implies that there may be a retrograde stimulatory transmission to MPG to
induce a significant increase of SVP after ES of CN. All these results suggest that the MPG plays a major role in the neural
pathway of ES of LSN and CN-induced SVP increase in the rat.
55
SL-09
ADT VS ART IN PROSTATE CANCER
1,2,3
Thomas I.S. Hwang
1
Shin Kong WHS Memorial Hospital (Taiwan)
2
School of Medicine, Fu-Jen Catholic University (Taiwan)
3
School of Medicine, Taipei Medical University (Taiwan)
ADT for patients with prostate cancer
In advanced prostate cancer the main systemic treatment is androgen suppression (AS), either by surgical castration
(orchiectomy) or by long-term use of a luteinising-hormone releasing hormone agonist. Bilateral orchiectomy orchiectomy
or luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone agonists are recommended initial androgen-deprivation treatments (ADTs).
Nonsteroidal antiandrogen monotherapy merits discussion as an alternative; steroidal antiandrogen monotherapy should
not be offered. Combined androgen blockade should be considered. In metastatic or progressive Pca, immediate
versus symptom-onset institution of ADT results in a moderate decrease (17%) in relative risk (RR) for Pca-specific
mortality, a moderate increase (15%) in RR for non-PCa-specific mortality, and no overall survival advantage. Therfore,
early ADT initiation may not be recommended.
This treatment is associated with a loss of bone-mineral density, but the risk of fracture after androgen-deprivation therapy
has not been well studied. Of men surviving at least five years after diagnosis, 19.4 percent of those who received
androgen-deprivation therapy had a fracture, as compared with 12.6 percent of those not receiving androgen-deprivation
therapy (p < 0.001). There was a statistically significant relation between the number of doses of gonadotropin-releasing
hormone received during the 12 months after diagnosis and the subsequent risk of fracture. Newly diagnosed prostate
cancer patients who received ADT for at least 1 year were found to have a 20% higher risk of serious cardiovascular
morbidity compared with similar men who did not receive ADT. ADT is associated with significantly increased
cardiovascular morbidity in men with prostate cancer and may lower overall survival in men with low-risk disease.
ART for patients with prostate cancer
Testosterone therapy (TT) in alleviating symptoms of hypogonadism has been established. Despite these potential benefits
of TT, physicians may be reluctant due to the long-standing fear of either inducing or stimulating prostate cancer.
Lowering the serum testosterone level would lead to PCa regression, whereas increasing the serum testosterone level
would stimulate PCa growth. Recent articles, however, suggest that “higher serum testosterone leads to increased PCa
risk and invariably stimulates PCa growth” is without much scientific support. For example, some reports demonstrated
that TT may safely be considered in patients with a history of successfully treated PCa. These data raise the attention
that "may we treat the hypogonadism in men with prostate cancer ? " This idea was activated by Morgentaler et al, with a
theory of saturation model-beyond a certain serum testosterone concentration, androgens have a limited ability to
stimulate PCa growth, further increases in serum testosterone levels do not lead to further prostate stimulation because
the binding capacity of the intraprostatic androgen receptors is saturated.
Recently physicians and patients consider enthusiastically to use TT in patients with prostate cancer. However, few studies
address this issue. Five series with a small combined sample size (n=74) have reported on the effect of TT after radical
prostatectomy. Of the 74 patients reported overall, only 1 (1.4%) experienced biochemical recurrence after TT. Only
one study reported on TT after low-dose brachytherapy with or without EBRT. Overall, 36 men received TT in this study.
At the last follow-up, 74% of the patients had a PSA value < 0.1 ng/ml. In summary, the available literature indicated that
TT is feasible after curative PCa therapy without jeopardizing cancer control in selected patients.
However, according to all guidelines, TT is contraindicated in men with diagnosed clinical PCa. The recent European
Association of Urology (EAU) guidelines(2009) state that TT may be considered in symptomatic hypogonadal men who
were successfully treated for PCa, after a prudent interval. However, a prudent interval was not defined. The issue of
TT after definitive PCa therapy is also addressed in the 2006 guidelines from the Endocrine Society. Due to the paucity of
data and the lack of randomized trials, a general recommendation on this topic was not made.
In the absence of large-scale studies with long-term follow-up, specific recommendations have not been made regarding
the use of TT in men who appear to have been cured of PCa. Especially until more data from well-designed studies
become available, clinicians must individually discuss the potential risks and benefits of TT before starting therapy. The
patient needs to be unambiguously informed about the limited experience in this field, informed consents should be well
documented, and a thorough follow-up also be guaranteed. According to the saturation model, TT may not exert a
negative effect on the natural history of PCa in these men, yet traditionally TT has been contraindicated for these men.
In conclusion, the long-term effect of exogenous testosterone administration on prostate carcinogenesis and the safety of
TT in men with prostate cancer remain unknown. So, TT should not be used, or only highly selective to hypogonadal men
with prostate cancer.
56
SL-11
TESTOSTERONE REPLACEMENT THERAPY IN PATIENTS WITH A DIAGNOSIS OF PROSTATE CANCER: FACT OR
FICTION?
Ajay Nehra
Mayo Clinic College of Medicine Rochester, Minnesota (United States)
Purpose: The hotly debated topic regarding TRT replacement in men with a diagnosis of prostate cancer is currently
brewing. At the clinical level, most clinicians are reluctant that a surge of androgens may indeed enhance tumor
progression while men who are hypogonadal or complaining of low libido insist and at times persist the clinician potentially
render them to a eugonadal status should this be a patient complaint. While this remains a dilemma, several small studies
have indeed shown that the addition of testosterone in patients with prostate cancer while enhancing and improving
androgen levels do not appreciably change PSA levels.
Methods: The objective of this presentation is to critically assess the changes in PSA and testosterone levels in patients
with a known diagnosis of prostate cancer on testosterone replacement therapy. The pathophysiology of androgens within
the prostate and their overall role in patients with prostate cancer will be discussed and presented. Outcome measures as
demonstrated by changes in PSA, and tumor progression if any will be discussed as well.
Results: While the studies are truly limited, a number of retrospective and prospective studies being performed will be
presented. These studies certainly have looked at changes in PSA values over 36 months following a radical
prostatectomy, and the entire dilemma of TRT replacement would certainly require long-term studies.
Summary: TRT replacement in patients with a known diagnosis of prostate cancer remains a challenge, both for the
clinician and for the patient. Nonetheless there are numerous studies that have shown an improvement in the hypogonadal
state without significant changes in PSA levels. Nonetheless as per clinical guidelines the patient needs to be urged
caution and should sign a consent form, prior to initiating therapy.
57
SL-12
STUDIES ON POSSIBLE MOLECULAR BIOLOGICAL MECHANISM OF LOH
Zhong Cheng Xin
Andrology Center, Peking University First Hospital, Peking University (China)
Androgen deficiency is believed to contribute to late-onset hypogonadism (LOH) in aged males; however, the mechanism
remains unclear.
Androgen is mainly produced by Leydig cells in males. Many enzymes such as StAR protein, cytochromeP450scc and
3ОІ-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (3ОІ-HSD) are involved in the process of testosterone production. Among these, the
functional form of StAR and P450scc are localized in the mitochondrial membrane, their function is closely related to
mitochondria. Furthermore, the StAR protein is the most important and rate-limiting enzyme of steroid biosynthesis in the
testis.
In order to study the possible molecular mechanism of late-onset hypogonadism (LOH), the morphological changes and
the differential of gene expression in testes of and young and aged humans or rats were investigated using HE staining,
immunohistochemistry, electron microscopy and molecular biology techniques. We found that serum testosterone level
was decreased and autophagic activity was reduced in Leydig cells in aged human and rats testis. In primary cultured
Leydig cells from young and aged rats, treatment with wortmannin, an inhibitor for autophagy, led to inhibition of luteinizing
hormone (LH)-stimulated steroidogenic acute regulatory (StAR) protein expression and decreased testosterone production
In contrast, treatment with Rapamycin, an autophagy activator, resulted in enhancement of LH-stimulated testosterone
production in Leydig cells from aged rats, but not in cells from young rats. The intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS)
levels were increased in both young and aged Leydig cells treated with wortmannin, and decreased only in aged Leydig
cells treated with Rapamycin. Furthermore, we found that the increased level of ROS induced by H2O2 could inhibition
LH-stimulated testosterone production in aged Leydig cells.
These results suggested that autophagic deficiency might play an important role in Leydig cell dysfunction in aged rat
Leydig cells which may influenced by intracellular ROS accumulation. Further study is recommended.
58
SL-13
CRITICAL ROLE OF MIND OVER BODY IN THE MANAGEMENT OF EJD AND ED
Ganesan Adaikan
Department of Obstetrics & Gynaecology, Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University Hospital, National
University of Singapore (Singapore)
Excluding the mixed etiology, the number of erectile dysfunction (ED) patients suffering from pure psychogenic causes
appears to be around 10-20%. Generally, psychogenic ED tends to be more of an acute onset as compared to the
insidious and chronic nature of organic ED. Indeed the reasons for such an abrupt, intermittent or situational nature of
psychogenic ED can easily be identified during questionnaire evaluation and in-depth discussion with the patient. The
triggers for psychogenic causes can be anything from ridicule by the partner of his inability to achieve an erection,
interpersonal relationship issues dampening his libido and erection or a major life event.
Ejaculatory dysfunctions (EJD) may be clinically classified according to the presence or absence of the sensation of
orgasm. Orgasmic ejaculatory disorders include premature, retrograde and retarded ejaculations. Anorgasmic ejaculatory
disorders are less common and comprise primary and secondary anejaculations. Premature ejaculation is by far the
commonest; Kinsey had stated that it affected as many as 75% of all men. While the organic factors include impairment of
sympathetic nervous system, local sensory disturbances, diabetes, arteriosclerosis, polyneuritis etc. there appears to be a
major role still for the psychogenic component in dictating the pathophysiology of EJD.
Some of the causes for delayed, retarded or absent ejaculation include marital disharmony and relationship issues,
alcoholism and drug abuse, neurological and endocrine illnesses, diabetes, cancer, prostatic problems and surgical trauma
High noradrenaline levels and sympathetic nervous system activation can block the arousal needed for orgasm.
Management includes psychosexual counseling and behavioral therapy, drug treatment, use of vibrator or
electroejaculation. Mechanical obstructions to the ejaculatory pathway may need surgical intervention. However, a good
percentage of men suffering from anejaculation seem to have the psychogenic element as the main contributing factor
which needs addressing.
Why some men are more prone to psychogenic causes of ED or EJD than others? Is this an in-born phenomenon? Is there
a genetic code for this or is this a Freudian childhood developmental issue? Also the degree of psychogenic factor seems
to vary among different individuals. Some patients are more severely affected and are resistant or poor responders to
currently existing pharmacotherapy. Others with milder form of psychogenic problems appear to recover with a simple
counseling. The brain is the initiator of desire, arousal, erectile and ejaculatory pathways. Therefore, focused interest in
exploring and delineating precisely the central pathway for psychogenic upheaval may well be the basis for future
pharmacotherapy for these conditions. Such efforts would also lead to our understanding of the “placebo effect” and
potential treatments for similar psychosomatic illnesses.
59
SL-14
A NEW PHYSIOLOGIC STUDY TOOL IN ERECTILE FUNCTION
1,2
Chen Zhao , Jong Kwan Park
1,2
1
Department of Urology, Medical School, and Institute for Medical Sciences (Republic of Korea)
2
National University, and Research Institute and CTC for Medical Device of Chonbuk (Republic of Korea)
Purpose: To date, hemodynamics and metabolic changes in the penis in vitro have been evaluated using the traditional
penile strip chamber model, which allows measurement of only mechanical responses. To solve the problems, we have
devised a new in vitro penile perfusion model, which allows the measurement of changes in intracavernosum pressure
(ICP), tension, and cyclic nucleotides in penile tissue in a one-step procedure.
Materials and methods: Experiments were performed on penile corpus cavernosum smooth muscle from male New
Zealand White rabbits which were pre-contracted with L-phenylephrine (PhE, 10 ОјM). We investigated the role of
NO-cGMP pathway in both systems activated by Ach or EFS. We measured cGMP in the penile corpus cavernosum
smooth muscle in both systems and perfusates in the penile perfusion model.
Results: In both systems, Ach relaxed the PhE-precontracted penile corpus cavernosum smooth muscle in a
concentration-dependent manner. Pretreatment with atropine, Nw nitro-L-arginine-methyl ester (L-NAME), and
1H-[1,2,4]oxadiazolo[4,3-a]quinoxalin-1-one (ODQ) blocked the Ach-induced decrease in the tension in both models and
ICP in penile perfusion model. Ach increased cGMP levels in the perfusate of penile perfusion model and the changes
were attenuated by tetrodotoxin (TTX), atropine, L-NAME and ODQ. In the penile strip chamber model, EFS decreased the
tension in a frequency-dependent manner and the changes were attenuated by TTX, atropine, L-NAME, and ODQ. In the
penile perfusion model, we discovered an extraordinary phenomenon; specifically, the tracing elicited by EFS presented 3
distinct phases. Phase I was abolished by L-NAME. Phase II was decreased by eserine and Guan, but increased by
L-NAME. Phase III was abolished by atropine, but enhanced by eserine and Guan. TTX diminished all three phases
Conclusion: The results indicated that the responses of penile strip and perfused penile tissue to Ach and EFS were very
similar in both models in terms of tension and cGMP levels. Furthermore, the new model has more advantages over the
classical penile strip chamber model in measuring intracavernosum metabolic changes and ICP without interruption of the
procedure. EFS stimulated adrenergic, cholinergic, and NANC neuroeffector systems simultaneously.
60
SL-15
FRACTURE OF THE PENIS
Apichat Kongkanand
Bumrungrad International Hospital, Chulalongkorn Hospital Department of Surgery (Thailand)
Presentation of the men with history of penile fracture who came in with pain and eggplant deformity, dark ecchymosis
and 2 cases of 3 days duration and 6 weeks duration.
The repair was complete and success without problem including the one who came in late because he was in remote
area and unable to find the suitable treatment. The review of treatment were noted in conclusion including those with
immediate repair and those who came in late.
Late repair or those who failed to receive the treatment will face the severe bending, thickening of the penile shaft and
erectile dysfunction.
The diagnosis was made by the patient and mostly had intercourse in reverse missionary position.
The review showed that in Arab countries there are many people who had treatments after the manipulation and some
has fracture while lying in bed and turning.
The investigation was mainly by examination and ultrasound of the penile shaft, MRI was best to show the diagnosis but
mostly no necessary test was carried out before surgery. The injection of Methyline Blue during the surgery could help
locating the fracture in some cases.
For those who has urethral injury which is approximately 5% would need retrograde urethrogram or cystoscopy ,bilateral
penile shaft fracture happened in 10% of the cases.
61
SL-16
ACCEPTING ED: THE CHALLENGES AND OBSTACLES AHEAD
George Lee
Consultant Urological Surgeon Associate Professor of Surgery University of Malaya (Malaysia)
Erectile dysfunction (ED) is commonly estimated to affect more 50% of men aged between 40 and 70 years old. Despite
the availability of efficacious medical treatment of phosphodiesterase 5 Inhibitors (PDE-I) for more than a decade,
clinicians are still faced with obstacles and challenges in the treatment of men with ED. In order to assess the ED patients
and their partners treatment seeking behavior, ACCEPT studying (Attitude, Concerns and Constraints towards ED and
PDE5-I Treatment) was conducted to have in-depth analysis of attitudes towards ED, concerns and constraints towards
PDE5-I and its counterfeits and non mainstream traditional therapy. More than three thousand men and women
participants were recruited from non-urological clinics in a tertiary urban Hospital to complete self-administered
questionnaires. Participants were asked about they views on ED and its associations with other medical conditions and
safety issues associated with the use of PDE5-I. In addition, the participants also expressed their views on the utilization of
counterfeit medications and non-mainstream traditional therapy as the treatment options for ED. The differences of such
views were subsequently analyzed according to the participants’ educational background, monthly income, gender, age
and race in order to further understand the variations of views. Such study may have the potential to verify general
perceptions of ED as a medical condition and the associated taboo. The analysis of the attitudes towards treatment
choices of PDE5-I, counterfeit or traditional therapies may also play a role to address attitudes, concerns and constraints
deriving the decision making process in the treatment of Erectile Dysfunction.
62
SL-17
UPDATE ON FEMALE SEXUAL FUNCTION AND DYSFUNCTION
Kwang Sung Park
Chonnam National University Hospital, Sexual Medicine Research Center, Chonnam National University (Korean)
Female sexual arousal results from a complex series of psycho-neuro-vascular events. Various sexual stimulations lead
to central nervous system activation, which results in engorgement of genital structure and vaginal lubrication. Brain
function associated with sexual arousal and response can be elucidated by functional brain imaging technique. The fMRI
study for the investigation of cerebral correlates of the sexual arousal or orgasm in female is very informative and
promising, even though so far a few clinical studies have been reported in premenopausal or postmenopausal women.
Female sexuality is an important women’s health issue. It has been reported that 30% to 50% of women have some kind
of sexual dysfunction. Female sexual dysfunction (FSD) is characterized by decreased sexual desire, decreased sexual a
rousal, difficulty in achieving orgasm, and painful sexual intercourse. The etiology of FSD is often multifactorial including organic causes and psychological factors. FSD is a common complication after pelvic surgery including
hysterectomy. FSD in urinary incontinence is also frequent.
There have been limited investigations of female sexual dysfunction, however, and few developments of medical therapie
s. Although several medications have been tried, such as estrogen, transdermal testosterone, prostaglandins, apomorphi
ne, and phosphodiesterase type 5 inhibitors, and melanocortin agonists, however, no medications are currently approved
for use in female sexual dysfunction. Alternative medicines such as Korean red ginseng (KRG) and ginkgo biloba have al
so been tried to ameliorate menopausal symptoms and to improve sexual function in women.
63
SL-18
REAL-WORLD IMPERATIVE OF OUTCOMES RESEARCH
Allen D. Seftel
Division of Urology Cooper University Hospital (United States)
Domains of Outcomes Research
Comparative Effectiveness of Clinical Strategies in Real world Settings Patients, clinicians, and policy makers face
immense gaps in knowledge that impede informed decision making. This domain is concerned with filling those gaps by
determining which strategies are most effective— whether overall, for selected patients or populations, or when delivered by
particular types of hospitals and practitioners.
Perspective of the Patient
The second domain involves generating knowledge that promotes the alignment of health care decisions with patient
preferences, values, and goals.
System Performance
The third domain focuses on health system performance, with emphasis on optimally implementing strategies to prevent,
diagnose, and treat disease; eliminating waste and ensuring equity in access and care;and achieving optimal return on health
care investments.
Types of Investigation Within Outcomes Research
Within the 3 domains, 3 overlapping types of investigation are conducted: discovery, application, and surveillance.
Future of Outcomes Research
Outcomes research faces 3 critical challenges.
The first is to build partnerships with those who will use the knowledge that the investigations yield.
The second challenge is to produce studies that are relevant, timely, and methodologically rigorous by advancing methods
and study design and expanding the number of capable investigators within the outcomes research community.
Third, the information-sharing infrastructure and technological tools must be improved to support the conduct of high-quality
research through better use of existing data and more efficient methods of collecting and analyzing new data. Existing data,
including electronic health record data that protect patient privacy, should be made widely available to expand research
capacity and facilitate independent validation of findings.
64
SL-20
MODIFIED PLICATION OF THE TUNICA ALBUGINEA IN TREATING CONGENITAL PENILE CURVATURE
Ju-Ton Hsieh
National Taiwan University Hospital (Taiwan)
Technique: After degloved the penis, artificial erection was induced by normal saline infusion. Only minimal dissection of
the neurovascular bundle was needed where the plication was planned. Allis clamp was used to grasp the underlying
tunica albuginea. We used two interrupted U-shaped sutures with 2-zero polyglactin underneath the Allis clamp to create
bump.
Penile torsion is a three dimensional anomaly. We delineated a parabolic curve as a counter direction to the torsion after
artificial erection was induced. The Allis clamp was applied perpendicular to the parabolic curve on the tunica albuginea.
When patient has penile torsion with curvature, we need to correct the torsion first to make the three- dimensional anomaly
into a two-dimensional deformity, and then correcting the remaining curvature.
From January 1999 to July 2005, 114 consecutive patients including 103 penile curvature and 11 complex type of curvature
corrected with modified corporeal plication technique were retrospectively reviewed. The long-term outcome and patient
satisfaction were assessed by a post hoc questionnaire interview. Among the 114 patients, complete straightness of the
penis was achieved in 65 (57%) patients, and 33 (29%) patients reported a 15-degree or less residual or recurrent
curvature at 6months postoperatively. Although 32 (28%) patients experienced suture failure (median time: 38.5 d), only
half of them had a residual or recurrent curvature greater than 15 degrees. Younger patients ( < 24 yr) had a higher chance
of suture failure than elder patients ( p = 0.03). Among the 103 patients completing the questionnaire, no palpable suture
knots, suture granuloma, erectile discomfort, or erectile dysfunction was reported (median follow-up time: 41.5 months).
Eighty-three (81.5%) patients were either very or moderately satisfied with the surgical outcome.
In conclusions, the modified technique using double, interrupted, U-shaped sutures and absorbable suture material is a
simple and effective method for treating congenital penile curvature. Suture-related complications rarely happen.
65
SL-21
MORNING ERECTION /SLEEP-RELATED ERECTION IS TRUE SIGN OF ERECTILE FUNCTION AND EXACTLY OF
THE SYMBOL OF MALENESS
Yoshiaki Kumamoto
Japanese Institute of Clinical Andrology (Japan)
Recently, so-called ED diagnosed by IIEF-5 Questionnaire is regarding as early sign of cardio-vascular disease.
And
then, such ED would be caused almost by aging decrease of serum testosterone. Furthermore, the low serum testosterone
is inducing the shortening of male longevity. So that, these erectile dysfunction are now becoming of big clinical problem in
the field of men’s health medicine.However to do diagnose the erectile function by IIEF-5 Questionnaire depending upon
Caucasian standard has several problems in clinical use on Asia country.There are many sexless males among middle
and high aged men in Asian countries.Moreover, even in Westerner who are usually thought to have sexual intercourse in
routine life, some aged male also become to be sexless in their personal reason.
Then, for evaluation of erectile function as sign of endothelial function disorder, we need another checking point, instead of
IIEF-5 Questionnaire in sexless male. We have the sleep-related erection/morning erection as physiological back ground
of erectile function. That can be claimed to be the fundamental physiological sign of maleness. That is surely recognized
from fetal stage, if he is the man. And also Morning erection (ME) is the last sleep-related erection (SRE) at awaking time in
morning. Then, SRE&ME are the involuntary erection, depending upon on serum testosterone. I would like to recommend
the data of sleep related erection to use as true evaluation of personal erectile function for middleпЅћelderly sexless Asian
male and old male Westerner without sexual activity with female partner.Then erectile finding, depending upon serum
testosterone, is becoming to be very important as the clinical sign of Men’s Health. Then, we need the exact judgment of
male erectile function for men’s health medicine. Recently, low testosterone surely related the short life span in male
population.
SRE&ME is the fundamental sexual function of maleness, depending serum testosterone. Then correlating to aging
decreasing change of serum testosterone by aging, function of SRE/ME will decreasing in linking together with such
changing of that serum testosterone level.Total SRE time % in whole sleeping time is declining, with remarkably linked to
the aging decrease of serum free testosterone. And maximum enlargement of penile circumstance during SRE in
REM-sleeping time and furthermore recognizing rate of morning erection by himself, decreased also connected with such
an aging decline of serum free testosterone.
66
ET-01
SCIENCE OF TESTOSTERONE FROM BASIC TO CLINIC
Tai-Young Ahn
Asan Medical Center and College of Medicine, University of Ulsan (Republic of Korea)
Clinicians may be interested in using testosterone to treatment with some degree of androgen deficiency who present with
suggestive symptoms, osteoporosis, sexual dysfunction, and poor quality of life. However, more widespread use raises
concern about the undesirable cardiovascular consequences of testosterone administration.
It has been reported that testosterone injection has a relieving effect on patient with angina pectoris and is beneficial to
men with coronary artery disease or congestive heart failure. This suggests that testosterone may have an effect on
vascular function. Androgen receptors (AR) have been identified in vascular cells nearly 20 years ago, and later research
has shown that these receptors mediate a variety of actions of androgens in endothelial and smooth muscle cells.
Endothelial cells are key regulators of cardiovascular function. Deranged production of vasodilating agents and enzymes
that control coagulation and fibrinolysis are some of the main consequences of endothelial dysfunction, and play a central
role in the phenomena that lead to vascular disease. Although the classical pathway of androgen action involves steroid
binding to the AR, there are now considerable evidence for rapid, non-genomic effect of steroids including androgens.
Non-genomic effects of androgen usually involve the rapid induction of conventional second-messenger signal
transduction pathways, such as increases in cytosolic calcium and activation of protein kinase A (PKA), protein kinase C
(PKC), and mitogen activated protein kinase (MAPK), leading to diverse cellular effects which includes smooth muscle
relaxation. Also, in addition to the routine upregulation of tissue factor pathway inhibitor (TFPI) level through the AR,
testosterone may upregulate TFPI level at least in part by activating the MAPK cascade and thus prevent thrombosis
development in men.
67
ET-02
TESTOSTERONE AND SEXUAL DESIRE
Kew-Kim Chew
Keogh Institute for Medical Research (Australia)
Purpose: This presentation examines the role of testosterone in sexual desire and the management of low sexual desire in
men and women.
Materials and methods:
Published literature relevant to sexual desire and the physiological functions of testosterone was
reviewed. Based on pertinent research on endogeneous blood testosterone levels, therapeutic testosterone deprivation
and testosterone therapy for hypogonadism, the pharmacological actions of testosterone and the role of testosterone in
sexual desire were collated.
Results: Testosterone influences sexual desire through the androgen receptors at multiple sites and through its active
metabolites from 5О±-reduction and aromatization. Low blood testosterone levels in men are associated with decreased
sexual desire, and the interaction between testosterone and sexual desire is bi-directional with both entities being affected
by similar socio-demographic, cultural and clinical factors.
The role of oestrogen in male sexual function is yet to be clarified. It is possible that oestradiol, from aromatization of
testosterone, or the oestradiol / testosterone ratio contributes to sexual dysfunctions in men.
Sexual functions, including sexual desire, are influenced by age and age-related factors. Many of the age-related risk
factors also influence sexual functions regardless of age. However, testosterone therapy improves sexual functions in
hypogonadal but not in eugonadal men.
In women, higher endogeneous blood testosterone levels and testosterone therapy after oophorectomy are associated
with increased sexual desire. The increased testosterone level at ovulation probably enhances sexual behavior at
mid-cycle. However, there is minimal or no correlation between testosterone levels and sexual desire in women.
In the management of low sexual desire in both men and women, all contributory factors require due attention. The impact
of hormonal factors is unclear and the benefits of hormone therapy uncertain. When testosterone supplementation is
considered, appropriate surveillance for possible adverse side-effects is mandatory
Conclusion: Testosterone is one of the many factors influencing sexual desire in men and women. Testosterone therapy
should be initiated only for confirmed indications in accordance with current evidence-based good clinical practice
guidelines.
68
ET-03
TESTOSTERONE DEFICIENCY SYNDROME
Mikio Namiki, Eitetsu Koh, Kazuyoshi Shigehara, Kazuhiro Sugimoto, Yuji Maeda, Hiroyuki Konaka
Department of Integrative Cancer Therapy and Urology, Kanazawa University Graduate School of Medical Science
(Japan)
Purpose: Testosterone deficiency syndrome (TDS) or late-onset hypogonadism (LOH) is the clinical and biochemical
syndrome associated with advancing age and characterized by typical symptoms and a deficiency in serum testosterone.
It may result in significant detriment in the quality of life and adversely affect the function of multiple organ systems. The
reason why so many symptoms or signs appear in TDS is that there are many target organs of androgens. Therefore, it
may be reasonable to treat TDS with androgen replacement therapy (ART). However, there is little evidence of the
effectiveness of ART for most symptoms and signs due to TDS. We conducted a clinical trial to examine the effectiveness
of ART for the treatment of TDS.
Materials and methods: The eligibility criterion for ART is a serum free testosterone level of less than 11.8 pg/ml. Men with
serum free testosterone levels of less than 11.8 pg/ml were randomly divided into two groups: the ART group and the
observation group. After 1 year, several signs and symptoms related to TDS were compared.
Results: 1680 persons were recruited in the first screening and 335 participants who fulfilled the eligibility criterion were
enrolled in the randomized clinical trial. The 335 participants were randomly assigned to the ART group or the observation
group. Although 51 out of 169 participants in the ART group and 28 of the 166 participants in the observation group did not
complete the treatment, the data of all 335 participants was included in ITT analysis.
In regard to QOL evaluated using SF-36, the ART group showed statistically significant improvement in the domain of role
physical and a tendency toward improvement in role emotional. The BPH patients receiving ART showed significant
improvement in voiding function evaluated by uroflowmetry as well as IPSS. Severe ED patients receiving ART showed
statistically significant improvement of IIEF5.
The ART group demonstrated a statistically significant decrease in waist circumstance and a significant increase of muscle
volume, although increase of the grasping power of hand by ART was not demonstrated in this study. ART also induced a
tendency to decrease the percentage of body fat. Hemoglobin and RBC were increased by ART. However, only a few
participants had to halt ART treatment due to polycythemia. The ART group showed statistically significant decrease in TG,
whereas the values of total cholesterol and HD-cholesterol were not different between the two groups. Unfortunately, the
ART group showed no improvement in HbA1c and BS. Although ART was stopped due to an increase of PSA levels in
some cases, there was no need for a prostate biopsy.
Conclusion: Our clinical trial showed that ART for aging male with hypogonadism may be effective for promoting active
aging with high QOL in aging male and that the results of our study may give important information for future studies in this
field. We hope that ART will promote active aging with high QOL in the second stage of life.
69
ET-04
TESTOSTERONE AND PROSTATE
Allen D. Seftel
Division of Urology Cooper University Hospital (United States)
Recent data suggest a delicate balance between testosterone (T), DHT and prostatic homeostasis. The USA FDA
observed that a reduction in prostate- cancer risk with finasteride and dutasteride (5-alpha reductase inhibitors, 5-ARI) was
limited to tumors with a modified Gleason score of 6 or lower. However, an absolute increase of 0.5% in the incidence of
tumors with modified Gleason scores of 8 to 10 (relative risk, 2.06; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.13 to 3.75) was
observed with dutasteride treatment. This increase is similar to the absolute increase of 0.7% in the incidence of such
tumors observed with finasteride treatment (relative risk, 1.70; 95% CI, 1.23 to 2.34). The conclusion drawn by the advisory
committee in December 2010 was that finasteride and dutasteride do not have a favorable risk– benefit profile for the
proposed use of chemoprevention of prostate cancer in healthy men. The FDA agrees with this assessment. The effects of
finasteride or dutasteride on the incidence of metastatic prostate cancer and prostate-cancer– specific morbidity and
1
mortality have not been evaluated. Further, the FDA has now proposed a label change for these medications. Propecia
(finasteride) 1 mg tablet Detailed View: Safety Labeling Changes Approved By FDA Center for Drug Evaluation and
Research (CDER) March 2010, March 2011 and June 2011 PRECAUTIONS Increased Risk of High-Grade Prostate
2
Cancer with 5-Alpha Reductase Inhibitors
In a recent review looking at 5 alpha-reductase inhibotor therapy, the potential persistent side effects, and the possible
mechanisms responsible for these undesirable effects. Erectile dysfunction and diminished libido are reported by a subset
3
of men, raising the possibility of a causal relationship.
Male aging is accompanied by hypogonadism and worsening LUTS/BPH. The hypogondal state should lead to diminution
in LUTS/BPH symptoms. To understand these paradoxical clinical effects, we used a castrate rat model examining
contractility and mRNA expression. Total myosin immunostaining was essentially unchanged, though the glandular cells
changed morphologically. Castration significantly decreased KCl and phenylephrine (PE)- induced prostate strip
contraction in a dose-dependent manner. Alpha receptor subtypes 1a and 1b significantly increased by 2-fold. nNOS
decreased 5-fold while eNOS increased 2-fold. ROKОІ decreased 2-fold while ROKО± showed no change. PDE5 was
reduced 3.3-fold. TGFОІ1 increased 4-fold. Competitive RT-PCR of the control prostate displayed around 50% SMA and
50% SMB, 85% SM1 and 15% SM2, 70%LC17a and 30%LC17b myosin isoforms. After castration, SMB, SM1 and LC17b
increased by 20%, 15% and 5%, respectively. Total myosin, non-muscle myosin and myocardin significantly decreased
2-fold, 5-fold and 3-fold, respectively. Castration increases prostate alpha 1a and 1b mRNA expression, possibly
4
accounting for LUTS symptoms seen in the aging male faced with hypogonadism.
1. Theoret MR, Ning YM, Zhang JJ, Justice R, Keegan P, Pazdur R.
The risks and benefits of 5О±-reductase inhibitors for prostate-cancer prevention. N Engl J Med. 2011 Jul 14;365(2):97-9.
Epub 2011 Jun 15.
2. http://www.fda.gov/Safety/MedWatch/SafetyInformation/ucm208701.htm
3. . Increased Alpha 1a And 1b Expression In The Castrated Rat Prostate
1
1
1
2
Allen D Seftel , Michael DiSanto , Xinhua Zhang , Rani Sellers
1
2
Cooper University Hospital, Camden, NJ; Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, Mid Atlantic Section AUA meeting,
abstract p19, Nov 3 , 2011, Orlando, FL
4. Traish AM, Hassani J, Guay AT, Zitzmann M, Hansen ML. Adverse side effects of 5О±-reductase inhibitors therapy:
persistent diminished libido and erectile dysfunction and depression in a subset of patients. J Sex Med. 2011
Mar;8(3):872-84. doi: 10.1111/j.1743-6109.2010.02157.x. Epub 2010 Dec 22.
70
ET-05
METABOLIC MEMORY AND DIABETIC NEUROVASCULAR COMPLICATIONS
Tom F Lue
Department of Urology, University of California (United States)
According to the 2011 US National Diabetic Fact Sheet (released Jan 26, 2011), 25.8 million children and adults in the
United States—8.3% of the population—have diabetes In Asia, the prevalence of diabetes has increased rapidly in recent
decades. In 2007, more than 110 million individuals in Asia were living with diabetes (Chan et al, 2009). In US, diabetes is
the leading cause of new cases of blindness among adults aged 20–74 years as well as the leading cause of renal failure.
About 60% to 70% of people with diabetes have mild to severe forms of nervous system damage and more than 60% of
nontraumatic lower-limb amputations occur in people with diabetes. Despite tremendous advancements in the
understanding and management of diabetes, neurovascular complications continue to occur in many patients even years
after the diabetes is well controlled. We hypothesize that the missing link is a lack of understanding of the role of vascular
stem cells (VSCs) in microvascular diseases. We strongly believe that elucidation of the mechanism of angiopathy
involving the endothelium and basement membrane is a prerequisite for the prevention and/or reversal of diabetic
neurovascular complications. We have developed tools such as in vitro angiogenesis model and an in vitro neurite growth
model to study the mechanisms. We have also established an “EdU-retaining cell” animal model to examine the effect of
diabetes on VSCs and the potential of transplantation of VSCs to mitigate the progression of diabetic neurovascular
complications.
71
ET-06
ED, VASCULAR DISEASE AND METABOLIC SYNDROME
Jae-Seung Paick
Division of Urology, Seoul National University Hospital (Republic of Korea)
Introduction: Erectile dysfunction (ED) is usually considered to be a condition of vascular origin. The risk factors for
cardiovascular (CV) disease and ED are similar. Most patients with ED have at least one significant CV risk factor such as
hypertension, smoking, lipid abnormalities, diabetes, alcohol, physical inactivity, and metabolic syndrome (MS). MS is
usually characterized by obesity, hyperlipidemia, impaired glucose tolerance, hypertension, and insulin resistance. Recent
studies show the increasing evidence of the association between the severity of ED and the inflammatory reaction or
endothelial dysfunction. This review shows an overview of basic, clinical research data in the field of ED by a systemic
review using the keywords of erectile dysfunction, endothelial dysfunction, and metabolic syndrome in the Pubmed
database.
ED and endothelial dysfunction: Endothelial dysfunction seems to be a main pathophysiolgic mechanism of ED and CV
disease. Vasodilation in penile arteries is largely mediated by nitric oxide. Because of the structural characteristics of the
small diameter of cavernosal artery and the relatively high content of endothelium and smooth muscle, artery size
hypothesis and endothelial dysfunction including the occurrence of atherosclerosis have been used to explain how ED acts
as a silent marker of other CV diseases. Furthermore, inflammatory response and oxidative stress may have an essential
role of the development of atherosclerosis. Some studies have been shown some evidence of the association between
erectile and endothelial dysfunction by showing change of some biomarkers such as endothelin-1, asymmetric
dimethylarginine, circulating endothelial progenitor cells, C-type natriuretic peptide, hsCRP, fibrinogen, vWF, IL-1ОІ, IL-6
and adhesion molecules. Recently, the importance of both the increase of cavernous muscle contraction related to Rho
kinase pathway and the decrease of cavernous muscle volume is being emphasized in the analysis of the
pathophysiologic mechanism of ED, because the severity and reversibility of ED seem to be related to each other in a
time-dependent manner.
ED and MS: ED seems to be highly prevalent in the patients with MS. Coexistence of ED and MS is notable and the
positive correlation between the increase of the components of MS and the presence of organic ED has been established.
MS is also known to be associated with pro-inflammatory markers and endothelial dysfunction.
Reversal of ED: Recently, risk evaluation for CV diseases is being emphasized for management of ED. Although
phosphodiesterase-5 inhibitors have positive effects for vascular function, a multidisciplinary approach is also important for
CV risk reduction therapy including improved glycemic control, body weight loss or daily moderate exercise. Several
studies have evaluated the link between testosterone deficiency and the development of CV diseases, however, no one
yet knows that testosterone replacement therapy really reduces CV diseases.
Conclusion: ED is highly associated with the presence of vascular endothelial dysfunction and MS. Urologists should be
aware of the potential benefit of not only medication therapy but also CV risk reduction therapy in the management of
patients with ED.
72
ET-07
SCREENING FOR METABOLIC SYNDROME IN MEN WITH ERECTILE DYSFUNCTION
1
Bang-Ping Jiann , Yung-Jui Huang
2
1
Department of Medical Education and ResearchKaohsiung Veterans General Hospital (Taiwan)
2
Graduate School of Human Sexuality, Shu-Te University (Taiwan)
Purpose: Erectile dysfunction (ED) is seen as a precursor of vascular disorders and metabolic syndrome (MetS) is
associated with cardiovascular diseases. We assess the prevalence of MetS in men with ED.
Methods and Materials: Male subjects presenting to urological outpatient clinics with ED were screened for MetS from Dec.
2010 to Jul 2011. Blood sampling for determining fasting glucose (FG), triglycerides (TG), total cholesterol, high-density
lipoprotein-cholesterol (HDL-C), low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (LDL-C) and total testosterone (TT) was drawn
between 0800-1100 am on fasting state. Waist circumference and blood pressure was checked consecutively twice by
nurses. Criteria for MetS should meet at least three of the following five conditions: waist circumference ≧90 cm, BP ≧
130/80 mmHg or use of medication for HT, HDL-C < 40 mg/dl, FG ≧100 mg/dl or use of medication for diabetes, and TG
≧150 mg/dl. Erectile function was assessed by the Sexual Health Inventory for Men (SHIM). Participants has to sign the
2
written inform consent to join the study. Student’s t test, Kruskal Wallis test, χ test and linear regression were used for
statistical analysis and the significant was set for P <0.05.
Results: A total of 273 subjects completed the study with data eligible for analysis. Mean age was 52.1 В± 11.3 yrs (19-80),
mean body mass was 25.7 В± 3.7 (16.7-42.2), mean TT was 400 В± 180 ng/dL (30-910). The severity of ED was mild in
15.6%, mild to moderate in 32.5%, moderate in 28.3% and severe in 22.4%. Of all, 27.4% have DM, 32.1% have HT, and
33.7% have dyslipidemia and 44.3% (121/273) have MetS. The TT levels was significantly lower in MetS group than
without MetS (4.4 В± 1.8 vs. 3.6 В± 1.6, P < 0.000). There is no significant difference in the mean age and SHIM score
between the MetS group and without MetS group. Both TG and central obesity had negative correlation to TT levels
(ОІ=-0.283:-0.158, P <0.05) using linear regression.
Conclusion: In the ED subjects, 44% was found to have MetS that is significantly associated with low TT levels. TG and
central obesity had negative correlations to TT levels in ED subjects.
73
ET-08
THE QEQ SURVEY OF CHINESE ED PATIENTS
Jiang Hui, Hong Kai, Liu Defeng, Zhao Lianming, Tang Wenhao, Mao Jiaming
Department of Urology, the Third Hospital of Peking University (China)
Objectives:
While diagnosising
and
treating
ED
patients,
we
used
QEQ questionnaire, international erectile
function score (IIEF erectile function) and erection hardness grade(EHS). In order to explore the correlation between the
different questionnaires, we investigated the basic epidemiologic data about chinese ED patients, understood the
therapeutic effect of PDE5-I and how and why various factors impact the progress of ED and the therapeutic effect .
Method: From June 2008 to June 2009, 4252 questionnaires were gathered from 46 centers by urology or andrology
doctors all around China. Patients with ED (age ≥20y) filled in first half of the questionnaires when they came for the first
time, then completed the second half after 4 weeks PDE5-I therapy.
Result: Most of the patients’ ED course were less than 5 years (<5 years 74.0%, 5-10 years 20.8%, >10 years 5.2%). As
ED course increase, the incidence of the risk factors of ED, such as smoking, drinking, hypertension, diabetes, cardiac
disease and hyperlipidemia also increase (P≤0.01). PDE5-I was effective in improving the quality of sexual activities
(P≤0.01). Administration of PDE5-I improves satisfaction, enjoyment and frequency of sexual activities. The longer the ED
course, the worse the therapeutic effect (<5 years 96.1% , 5-10 years 94.9% , >10 years 89.0%) (P≤0.01).
Conclusions: 1.QEQ is a simple, reliable, and effective new method to evaluate the quality of erections, which is the
ideal tool for test and evaluate erectile function and quality. We can accurately know the changes in erectile function and
quality and understand the staging of ED patients in mild or severe.
2. Chinese ED out-patients mainly concentrated in young and middle-aged.
3. The ED course greatly affected the therapeutic effect of PDE5-i, so the Patients with ED should consult doctor at the
early stages of disease.
4.Admistration of PDE5-I effectively improves the penile erection and the quality of sexual life of the patients hence should
be considered as first-line medicine in the treatment of ED.
Keywords:
Erectile dysfunction(ED); phosphodiesterase type 5 inhibitor (PDE5-I); IIEF; ED course; QEQ
74
ET-10
THE PERSPECTIVE OF SEXUAL MEDICINE IN PSYCHIATRY
1,2
Jian-Kang Chao
1
Department of Psychiatry, Yuli Veterans Hospital (Taiwan)
2
Department of Nursing, Chung Hwa University of Medical and Technology (Taiwan)
Sexuality is an integral part of the personality for all of us; man, woman and child. It is a basic need and aspect of being
human that cannot be separated from other aspects of life. Sexual health is a state of physical, mental and social
well-being in relation to sexuality. It requires a positive and respectful approach to sexuality and sexual relationships, as
well as the possibility of having pleasurable and safe sexual experiences, free of coercion, discrimination and violence.
Sexual health is important for one’s well-being, and sexual enjoyment adds to quality of life at any age.
Sexual difficulties may begin early in a person's life, or they may develop after an individual has previously experienced
enjoyable and satisfying sex. A problem may develop gradually over time, or may occur suddenly as a total or partial
inability to participate in one or more stages of the sexual act. The causes of sexual difficulties can be physical,
psychological, or both. At one time, the vast majority of cases of sexual problems were considered to be psychogenic, and
few were classified as organic. With greater understanding of the pathophysiology of sex organs and development of
improved investigatory procedures that occurred in the late 1980s and early 1990s, the etiological classification pendulum
swung in favor of underlying organic causes.
Healthy sexual function is fundamental to a full life for most people. Sexual dysfunctions are common and distressing,
especially among psychiatric patients and persons taking psychotropic medications, and can potentially lead to
noncompliance with drug treatment. Psychiatrists should include a thorough sexual history as a routine part of clinical work
for every patient. Sexual disorders have mixed biopsychosocial etiologies and frequently occur comorbidly with medical
and psychiatric illness. Part of the psychiatrist’s mandate is to help patients restore, maintain, or improve their quality of life,
including sexual function.
75
ET-11
THE FUTURE OF PENILE VEIN LIGATION
1
2
3
Geng-Long Hsu , Cheng-Hsing Hsieh , Hsien-Sheng Wen
1
Microsurgical Potency Reconstruction and Research Center (Taiwan)
2
Buddhist Tzu Chi General Hospital, Taipei Branch (Taiwan)
3
Tung’s Taichung Metro-Harbor Hospital (Taiwan)
Background: Contemporary penile vein “ligation” might not be considered an appropriate treatment for patient with erectile
dysfunction because of disappointing functional outcomes and unacceptable complications, seemly unavoidable, penile
deformity and irreversibly permanent numbness. It, however, follows that an exclusive way of refined penile venous
stripping based on more accurate anatomical knowledge and appropriate surgical methods with delicate instruments has
been promising since 1986.
Patients and Methods: A dual cavernosography has been introduced and subsequently scrutinized since 1985. It provide
us a surgery blueprint, which shows one deep dorsal vein, a pair of cavernosal veins, and two pairs of para-arterial veins
between the Buck’s fascia and the tunica albuginea. All offensive veins are removed at expense of negligible tissue
damage. Subsequently 76-125 emissary-vein stump ligations shall be made closest to the outer longitudinal layer of the
tunica in order to restore erectile function. An acupuncture-assisted local anesthesia secures the true ambulatory basis.
The key instruments are so essential that neither an electrocautery nor a sucker is used in the entire procedure.
Results: This type of penile venous stripping has been chronologically performed on more than three-thousand patients
over a period of twenty-five years. Our results speak for themselves as individuals whose previous surgical attempts and
pharmaceutical treatments had failed to make any real impact.
Discussion and conclusion: Since 1986, rigorous anatomical studies, in Taiwan and further decisively instructed by
Professors Tom F. Lue and EA Tanagho in 1991, have provided us with a deeper insight into penile anatomy which, in turn,
enhances clinical applications. In addition, intensive microsurgical training on small rats followed by microdissection on
cadaveric penis must be mastered before any surgery attempt on human patients. Yearning for it this sustainable method
can be popularized worldwide in the “future” since a couple of urological surgeons, Drs Cheng-Hsing Hsieh and
Hsien-Sheng Wen, reproduce it “presently”.
76
ET-12
THE PERSPECTIVE OF SEXUAL MEDICINE IN JAPAN
1
Yoshiaki Kumamoto
1
Japanese Institute of Clinical Andrology (Japan)
Aging change of free testosterone in Japanese male revealed a little bit early decreasing tendency after 50 years old,
comparing to American men. This data was the research results of joint study with Professor Michael Lieber in Mayo clinic
in USA, measuring together at same laboratory in USA about serum free testosterone of Japanese and American same
aged male I think that decreasing process of free testosterone in male have a little bit ethnic difference, in comparing
between Japan and USA. That data may have influence to produce difference of sexual activity between in Japan and
USA,
By International survey of sexual activity in various countries, remarkable difference between Asian group and Caucasian
group. Particularly that is remarkably low in Japan. As posed to international average number of sexual intercourse
frequency, Japan is 45which is the lowest level among whole surveyed country in the world. And also we have WHO
survey data in Japan that is as follows. 37.3% of Japanese men are sexless even in fifties, 20.6% in forties, 14.4% in
thirties, 7.2% in twenties
The reason why Asian countries group have such remarkably lower sexual activity and ethnic difference, compared to
Caucasian countries groups is not yet cleared.
However, at least, some ethnic racial reason in androgen level, just like
our Japanese data or simultaneously deference in culture, datary life and religion, may have influence in sexual life. The
problem is very interesting and also important as ethnic problem of endocrinological study.
Then we are planning to have the symposium titled as “Why we Asian group have such low sexual activity compared to
Caucasian group?” in the 12th Asian-Oseania Congress of Sexology at Matsue in Japan, in August 2-5 next year. I hope
many members of this congress could actively cooperate such an interest discussion. This is very complicate and difficult
problem for arranging many thinkable reasons.
77
S1-01
THE CLINICAL FEATURES OF SEVERE PRIMARY ERECTILE DYSFUNCTION IN CHINESE
Zhong-Cheng Xin
Andrology Center, Peking University First Hospital, Peking University (China)
Primary erectile dysfunction (PED) which means the patients could not perform sucsesful sexual intercourse even
once.The purpose of this study is to investigating clinical features of patients with severe primary erectile dysfunction
(S-PED) and discussing an Ideal treatment option. Patients who have complained erectile dysfunction(ED) since initial
sexual intercourse were involved in our study. Sexual history and marriage condition were evaluated and erectile function
was evaluated by IIEF5 scores as well. A multidisciplinary diagnostic approach including sexual hormone analysis, color
duplex Doppler ultrasound, neuro-electromyogram and cavernosography was carried out for those PDE5 inhibitor
non-responders. The efficacy of penile prosthesis implantation for patients with S-PED was followed up. Seventy two
cases (32.7%) were suffered from S-PED with PDE5i non-responders mong of 220 cases primary ED. The mean age was
31.5 еЈ« 4.5 years, regularly attempting for sexual activity 2.4 еЈ« 3.2 years, 68 cases (94.5%) were organically disorder
include arteriogenic 13 cases, venogenic 35 cases, endocrine factor 6 cases, neurologic 9 cases, fibrosis of cavernous 5
cases. Sixty-seven cases (93.5%) were co-existed with varicocele. Among of them, 16 cases (22.2%) had been divorced.
Twenty five cases (34.7%) had been treated penile prosthesis implantation, and in the results of 5.6 years’ post-operation
follow-up, erectile function (IIEF5) and life quality (QOL) were improved significantly compared to preparation (p < 0.001),
and the satisfaction ratio of patient and partner was 93.4% and 92.3% respectively, and without sever complication. S-PED
seriously impact young couple’s life quality and relationship. The main pathological abnormal of S-PED was venogenic
factor, and penile prosthesis implantation safe and effective for S-PSED.
78
S1-02
FEMALE SEXUAL DYSFUNCTIONS – AN OVERVIEW
Sudhakar Krishnamurt
Andromeda Andrology Center (India)
In recent years, our interest and understanding of female sexual health, function and dysfunction have grown tremendously
Female sexuality and sexual dysfunctions are more complex than male sexual dysfunctions. The common dysfunctions
are: sexual interest / desire disorder, sexual aversion disorder, subjective sexual arousal disorder, genital sexual arousal
disorder, combined genital and subjective arousal disorder, persistent sexual arousal disorder, women’s orgasmic disorder,
dyspareunia / vaginismus, and even female infertility. It is common for women to have more than one disorder/s at the
same time. The prevalence ranges of desire disorders, orgasmic disorders, arousal disorders and pain disorders are 16 %
to 75 %, 16 % to 48 %, 12 % to 64 % and 7 % to 58 % respectively. Anxiety, depression and marital difficulties often
co-exist with female sexual dysfunctions (FSDs), either as cause or effect. Hormone deficiencies, diabetes mellitus,
cardiovascular and neurological disease, depression, medication and drug use, surgery (e.g. hysterectomy,
oophorectomy), gynecological and other cancers, radiation, and stress and relationship difficulties, are some common
causes of FSDs. Many women are reluctant/ shy about discussing their sexual problems and the sexual physician must
take the initiative. Infertility, pregnancy loss, oophorectomy, the menopause, and many prescription medications, especially
hormonal and psychotropic, can increase the risk of FSDs. Many validated instruments and laboratory tests are available
and will be required to establish the diagnosis, treatment plan, and prognosis. Treatment modalities include topical and
systemic medical, psychological, the use of dilators and other devices, and surgical options. Bartholin’s cysts, clitoral
phimosis, vulvar tumours, hypertrophic Skene’s glands, urethral prolapse, and vestibulitis are the common indications for
surgery. Other surgical procedures include reduction labiaplasty, defibulation of genital cutting, and clitoridectomy
reconstruction.
79
S1-03
ROLE OF COMPLEMENTARY AND ALTERNATIVE MEDICINE FOR ERECTILE DYSFUNCTION IN INDONESIA
Doddy M. Soebadi
Dept. of Urology, Soetomo General Hospital, Airlangga University School of Medicine (Indonesia)
Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) includes various practices, measures and products, which are not
presently considered to be a part of conventional (mainstream) medicine. In Indonesia, herbal products, vitamins, minerals
and amino acids (known as supplements) are increasingly popular as dietary supplements for the improvement, treatment
and prophylaxis of various diseases, and to improve general health and well being, including in male health. In male health
several benefits are in general health, male fertility / infertility, aphrodisiac, and erectile function/dysfunctions.
As these products are freely available in Indonesia without prescription, conventional healthcare providers are often
unaware that their patients are using CAM. It is essential to know that some herbal supplements may act in the same way
as chemical drugs, and that they originate �from nature’ does not mean that they are safe and with no potential harmful
effects and/or toxicity. Eventual Interactions with conventional medications and contamination with prescription drugs have
been reported. The active components of many phytotherapeutic preparations and their mechanism(s) of action are still
being determined and evaluated. In Indonesia, there are very popular local or national products called “jamu”, consists of a
mixed of herbal products, often with honey and other substance(s). “Jamu” is very popular and makes big business and
becomes a very popular medication, as a health supplement and/or treatment in Indonesia.
There is scientific evidence for the effectiveness of some CAM treatments, but for most there are important key questions
yet to be answered through basic research and well-designed studies according to established guidelines. Because of the
increasing popularity and use of CAM, conventional healthcare providers, including male health physicians should not
ignore it, and be well informed about the benefits and potential risks of dietary supplements, so that they can advise their
patients about this developing field. Physicians should be familiar with all medications, whether conventional or herbal,
their patients are taking. This information is necessary to prevent, recognize, and treat potentially serious problems
associated with herbal medications, taken alone or in conjunction with conventional medications.
Keywords: Complementary and alternative medicine, herbal, erectile dysfunction, placebo effect.
80
S1-04
ALTERNATIVE MEDICINE FOR ED IN MONGOLIA
Nansalmaa Naidan
Health Science University of Mongolia (Mongolia)
In traditional Mongolian Medicine herbal medicine, animal products, minerals, manual and acupuncture therapy and
moxibustion (burning mugwort over acupuncture points) used to different diseases. We introduce some of most common
therapeutic methods.
Herbal: Gymnadenia conopsea. (BAHNLAG in native language)These plants are bulbous geophytes, as they bring their
buds in underground tubers or bulbs, organs that annually produce new stems, leaves and flowers. Gymnadenia conopsea
is main ingredients of many herbal medicines in Mongolian and Tibetan traditional medicine. It is in use of treating erectile
dysfunction, lack of sperm and improving potency and general well being also.
Amylase, protein, glycoprotein, potassium
and other organic minerals, pionazidi, quarcethini-3ОІ, glucosid-7, iso-quarcethini and astratalini are included in chemical
consist.
Pantocrin: Extract of deer’s horn. It is water and 50% ethanol solution extract of young deer.
Deer’s horn has to be taken
before calcification. It has smell of phenol with pH 3,5 - 5,0 used for erectile dysfunction. Maral root or Rhaponticum,
(Rhaponticum carthamoides) is a herbaceous perennial plant from the family Asteraceae that inhabits in mountains. This
plant derives its traditional name Maral root from the female deer who fed on it. It is an adaptogen which has traditionally
used for fatigue, impotence, and recovery from long illness.
Animal product: Deer’s musk: The musk deer belongs to the family Moschidae. It is dried either in the sun, on a hot stone,
or by immersion in hot oil. Upon drying, the reddish brown paste turns into a black granular material called "musk grain",
which is used for alcoholic solutions. The aroma of the tincture becomes more intense during storage and gives a pleasant
odor only after it is considerably diluted. In addition to its odoriferous principle, it contains ammonia, cholesterol, fatty
matter, a bitter resinous substance, and other animal principles.
A deer penis said to have important therapeutic properties. The deer penis is typically very large and, proponents claim, for
it to retain its properties it must be extracted from the deer whilst still alive. Often it is then sliced into small pieces, typically
by women and then roasted and dried in the sun and then preserved while the deer looks on. It joined steroids and
amphetamines on the list of banned substances.
Moxibustion: The Mongolian tradition of Moxibustion was developed in Mongolia and later incorporated into Tibetan
medicineThe reindeer’s (Rangifer tarandus) horn’s powder with clarified melted butter on the nerve ends. Reindeer’s horn
has a pheromone chemical factor that triggers a social response in members of the same species. Pheromones are
chemicals capable of acting outside the body of the secreting individual to impact the behavior of the receiving individual. It
has following chemical ingredients. The oil soluble vitamins, palmitic acid and aromatase substances are main ingredients
of this preparation.
81
S2-01
FEMALE SEXUAL DYSFUNCTION: THE DEFINITION, CLASSIFICATION AND DEBATES
1
2
1
3
4
Ching-Hui Chen , Yen-chin Lin , Wei-Min Liu , Li-Hsuan Chiu , Peng-Hui Wang
1
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Taipei Medical University Hospital and Taipei Medical University (Taiwan)
2
Graduate Institute of Human Sexuality, SHU-TE University, Kaohsiung County (Taiwan)
3
Graduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Taipei Medical University (Taiwan)
4
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, National Yang-Ming University, National Yang-Ming University Hospital and
Taipei Veterans General Hospital (Taiwan)
Purpose: Sexual dysfunction refers to the problem happened during the sexual response cycle. It prevents the individual
from experiencing satisfaction from the sexual activity. The prevalence of sexual dysfunction is thought to be high among
both men and women. However, lacking of a precise definition of female sexual dysfunction (FSD) leads to a bias of the
studies.
Results: Psychological factors have been considered to be the primary causes in FSD, while in man it is mostly a
pathophysiological problem. As to the current understanding of normal sexual responses, It is first suggested by Masters
and Johnson that a progressive 3-phase sexual response cycle, consisting of arousal, orgasm, and resolution.
Subsequently, sexologists attempting to treat patients who chronically fail to initiate or respond to sexual stimuli added an
initial phase of desire to the sexual response cycle. The American Psychiatric Associations’ Diagnostic and Statistical
Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) classifies the sexual response cycle in 4 related but neurophysiologically discrete
phases: appetite, desire, or libido; arousal or excitement; orgasm or climax; and refractory or resolution. Currently,
researchers are considering whether a fifth phase, namely satisfaction, would help to further define a normal sexual
function. According to the newest definition, clinical guidelines were then generated for the treatment of FSD.
Conclusion: Although the incidence of sexual dysfunction may have been exaggerated, and the definition and treatment of
FSD still need further improvement, the problem is real for millions of women. It’s rarely a simple issue, because sexual
pleasure and sexual distress involve a complex web of physical and emotional factors. To encounter the complicated
problem, efforts of sexologists and physicians are still needed.
82
S2-02
ALGORITHM FOR THE OFFICE MANAGEMENT OF FSD
B. Srilatha
1,2
, Adaik PG
1,2
1
Department of Obstetrics & Gynaecology, National University Hospital (Singapore)
2
Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University Hospital, National University of Singapore (Singapore)
Fundamental to diagnosing of female sexual dysfunction (FSD) is empathetic communication of the physician well-versed
in sexual health issues to elicit a detailed history with the patient. In the absence of reluctance to initiate an open
conversation or time constraint, a completed history will help define the type of dysfunction, identify the underlying medical
or gynaecologic conditions and also provide useful information on the psychosocial and interpersonal issues. As such,
FSD tends to be multifactorial stemming from a number of complex issues with considerable interdependence. A
successful management outcome necessitates meticulous attention to all potential aetiological factors. Along with desire,
arousal, orgasmic and pain disorders, the nature of relationship between the woman and her partner has been shown to
have a significant role in both the origin and perpetuation of FSD. Therefore, a rational approach needs to target the couple
per se together with the strategies that focus on the affected woman. Also in the same individual, there is significant
variation of most domains of sexual functioning with age and hormonal status including menopausal transition which is
accompanied by both physiological and psychological challenges.
Basic strategies in management include evaluation using validated questionnaires, physical examination and specific or
multidisciplinary intervention which targets the co-morbid clinical problems prior to treating FSD. Attention needs to be
given to iatrogenic surgical, medical and pharmacological causes of FSD with appropriate preventive measures and
lifestyle modifications, if indicated. The limited availability of therapeutic options aside from hormonal or off-label agents
makes it imperative to develop and provide safer and approved first-line therapeutic options or alternatives to hormone
therapy. Despite these constraints, FSD warrants an appropriate pathophysiological understanding, recognition and
diagnosis on par with the importance and awareness gained by male sexual conditions. In view of the essential
contribution of sexual health to overall quality of life, a more comprehensive management algorithm which incorporates
providing patient education, counseling, sex therapy and reassurance and recommending appropriate referrals, when
indicated may offer promising long-term results.
83
S2-03
PSYCHOGENIC ERECTILE DYSFUNCTION: DIAGNOSIS AND TREATMENT MODALITY IN UROLOGIC CLINICS
Ken Marumo
Department of Urology, Tokyo Dental College, Ichikawa General Hospital (Japan)
Penile erection is initiated by direct stimulation of the genital area or through stimuli transmitted from the brain. Following
stimulation, chemical agents are released in the brain that cause signals to pass down the spinal cord and reaches through
non-adrenergic-non-cholinergic pass way into the penis. At the terminal point of nerves release nitric oxide that causes
relaxation of the smooth muscle and blood increased flow into the cavernous bodies, causing erection. Anxiety or fear can
prevent the brain signals from reaching the level required to induce erection. The release of catecholamine may also
prevent relaxation of smooth muscle in the erectile body.
Some men are more vulnerable to developing sexual problems because of their personality, for example, restrictive sexual,
problematic sexual experience or poor sex education. If we take more broad sense for psychogenic ED, mental illness
including neurosis, depression and schizophrenia is related with ED. A half of patients with obsessive-compulsive neurosis
have a symptoms of ED, and most of patients with depression experience variety degree of ED.
Psychogenic ED is ordinarily characterized by sudden onset, triggered by some emotional events. In addition, if nocturnal
penile tumescence are normal, it is psychogenic ED.
Sexual counseling and treatment for depression are ideal for psychogenic ED but most of urologists are not familiarized
with these kind of treatment, therefore we refer the patients to sexual counselors. It goes well but sometimes it takes long
time. From my experience of treatment for psychogenic ED including patients suffering from depression, 82 % of the
patient responded to treatment using PDE5 inhibitors. Initiation with treatment utilizing PDE5 inhibitors for psychogenic ED
is recommended.
84
S2-05
THE IMPACT OF LOWER URINARY TRACT SYMPTOMS ON FEMALE SEXUAL FUNCTION--A HOSPITAL
EMPLOYEE-BASED STUDY
Yuh-Chen Kuo, Heng-Li Shen, Ming-Chih Lai
Taipei City Hospital (Taiwan)
Objective: Lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) is a common problem in women and frequently coexists with female
sexual dysfunction (FSD). Previous studies have investigated prevalence and predictors of FSD among women who also
have urinary incontinence, but few have raised the issue of sexual function in women with LUTS. We define the impact of
LUTS on FSD using three validated instruments, Overactive Bladder Symptom Score (OABSS), American Urological
Association Symptom Index (AUA-SI) and the female sexual function index (FSFI).
Methods: We performed an institutional review board-approved prospective evaluation of apparently healthy female
hospital employee who completed an FSFI-validated questionnaire and OABSS and AUA-SI for LUTS. Medical history
including age, body height, body weight, number of gestation, parity, co-morbidities, previous surgery, bowel habit and
urinary continence status were also recorded. Those subjects with concurrent neurological disorders (such as stroke,
Parkinsonism, spinal cord injury, and multiple sclerosis), active urinary tract infections (UTI), and previous major pelvic
surgery as well as evidence of pelvic organ prolapse were excluded from the study. The correlations between the OABSS,
AUA-SI total score (AUA-SI-T), AUA-SI emptying subscore (AUA-SI-E) and AUA-SI storage subscore (AUA-SI-S) with six
domains and total FSFI scores were analyzed. In addition, subjects were categorized into OAB or non-OAB, mild LUTS or
moderate to severe LUTS based upon the results of questionnaire for further comparison of their FSFI total scores and
scores within the individual domains.
Results: A total of 89 subjects with mean age 43.31 (range 30–66) were enrolled in this study. The mean scores in OABSS,
AUA-SI and FSFI were 2.34 (range 0-10), 3.34 (range 0–20) and 21.53 (range 2–34.2) respectively. There were 13
women (14.62%) categorized as OAB and 13 (14.62%) subjects having moderate or severe LUTS (AUA-SI score≧8). The
OABSS scores were negatively correlated with FSFI total scores and domains in arousal, lubrication, orgasm and pain
(p=0.034, 0.027, 0.046, 0.018 and 0.046 respectively). The AUA-SI-T scores were also negatively correlated with FSFI
total scores and domains in arousal, lubrication, orgasm and satisfaction (p=0.050, 0.013, 0.037, 0.035 and 0.048
respectively). Additionally, women with moderate or severe LUTS had significantly lower scores in FSFI total scores and
domains in arousal, lubrication, orgasm and satisfaction (p=0.013, 0.003, 0.012, 0.009 and 0.023 respectively). There was
no significant difference in FSFI scores between OAB and non-OAB women.
Conclusion: The sexual function of women is negatively impacted by the presence of LUTS, with emptying symptoms
causing the greatest degree of FSD. The sexual domains most affected are arousal, lubrication, orgasm and sexual
satisfaction.
85
S2-06
EFFECTIVE OF BEHAVIORAL TREATMENT FOR FEMALE COITAL DISORDER
1
Xin Tao, Bin Zhang, Jun Chen, Tao Qi , Shu-qi GE
Department of Infertility and Sexual Medicine, the Third Affiliated Hospital, Sun Yat-Sen University (China)
Purpose: To explore the effects of the behavioral treatment on female coital disorder for the popularization of improved
methods in China
Materials and methods: Thirty-six voluntary female patients with coital disorder were learned sexual knowledge such
aspects as breaking away from the traditional thought, teaching healthy sex concepts, and imparting sexual knowledge
and techniques at first and then treated after the basic training model of sensate focus by Masters and Johnson. Response
evaluation criteria: patients who had success sex life as cured; patients who could endure big mould in as improved;
patients who only could small mould in but the symptoms were still existed as failed.
Results: Nineteen cases recovered(52.78%)пјЊtwelve eases improved(33.33%), and five cases failed(13.89%),the general
rate of effectiveness being 86.11%.
Conclusion: The behavioral treatment coupled with sexual knowledge explaining and psychological counseling is
remarkably effective in treating female coital disorder and its long term follow-up results show that most of patients were
satisfied with their sex life. However, the react of behavioral treatment on some patients who had sexual trauma in the
progress of their growing up or had long course of disease were not so good which deserves our special attention in the
future study.
86
S3-01
AUTOPHAGY IN UROLOGY AND SEXUAL MEDICINE
Yi-Chia Lin
Division of Urology, Department of Surgery, Shin Kong WHS Memorial Hospital (Taiwan)
Autophagy is a self-eating process that was first observed in cells under starvation. Cells may degrade its own organelles
while metabolic stress encountered. This phenomenon was previously though to be a protective mechanism for cells to
survive through strict environment. However, evidences showed that autophagy participates in several important cellular
regulatory pathways. Mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) is the central role of this phenomenon and complex
modulatory pathways was found to control the whole process. Divergent outcomes of autophagy were observed in different
situations. Recently, autophagy was reported to be associated in the pathogenesis of several diseases including cancer.
Defective autophagy was involved in tumorigenesis in several cancers including prostate cancer. Autophagic cell death
was also proposed to be another pathway for apoptosis in prostate cancer cells. On the other hand, autophagy can rescue
cancers cells treated with some anticancer agents resulting in survival of the cells. In sexual medicine, decreased
autophagy was found to be associated with decreased Leydig cell function and erectile dysfunction. With the accumulating
evidences, autophagy may involve in areas more than we expected. Interesting and exciting findings that may influence
future direction of disease treatment and diagnosis can be expected.
87
S3-02
AUTOPHAGIC DEFICIENCY IS RELATED TO STEROIDOGENIC DECLINE IN AGED RAT LEYDIG CELLS
1
2
3
1
1
3
1
1
Wei-Ren Li , Liang Chen , Zhi-Jie Chang , Hua Xin , Tao Liu , Yan-Quan Zhang , Guang-Yong Li , Feng Zhou Yan-Qing
1
1
1
Gong , Zhe-Zhu Gao ,Zhong-Cheng Xin
1
Andrology Center, Peking University First Hospital, Peking University (China)
2
Department of Urology, China Meitan General Hospital (China)
3
Department of Biological Sciences and Biotechnology, School of Medicine, Tsinghua University (China)
Objective: Androgen deficiency occurs in males with aging, but the mechanism remains unclear. In this study, We found
reduced testosterone production in aged rat Leydig cells associated with decreased autophagic activity.
Materials & Methods: In order to study the effect of autophagic deficiency on the testosterone production of Leydig cells,
primary rat Leydig cells and TM3 mouse Leydig cell line were used as models. In Leydig cells from young and aged rats,
treatment with wortmannin, an inhibitor for autophagy, led to inhibition of luteinizing hormone (LH)-stimulated steroidogenic
acute regulatory (StAR) protein expression and decreased testosterone production.
Results: In contrast, treatment with Rapamycin, an autophagy activator, resulted in enhancement of LH-stimulated
steroidogenesis in Leydig cells from aged rats, but not in cells from young rats. The intracellular reactive oxygen species
(ROS) levels were increased in both young and aged Leydig cells treated with wortmannin, but decreased only in aged
Leydig cells treated with Rapamycin. Furthermore, we demonstrated that the increased level of ROS induced by H2O2
resulted in LH-stimulated steroidogenic inhibition. Furthermore, knockdown of Beclin 1 led to decrease of LH-stimulated
StAR expression and testosterone production associate with increase of cellular ROS level in TM3 mouse
Leydig cells.
Conclusion: Autophagic deficiency may play an important role in decreased testosterone production of aged rat Leydig
cells possibly via regulation of cellular ROS level.
88
S3-03
EFFECTS OF ICARISIDEв…ЎON TGF-О’1/SMAD/CTGF AND NO-CGMP PATHWAYS AND CORPUS CAVERNOSUM
FIBROUS-MUSCULAR ALTERATIONS IN RATS WITH STREPTOZOTOCIN-INDUCED DIABETES
Zhong Cheng Xin
Andrology Center, Peking University First Hospital, Peking University (China)
Icariin and icarisideв…Ў (ICAв…Ў), two active components isolated from herba epimedii, have a closely structural relationship.
There is evidence that icariin may be useful in the treatment of erectile dysfunction(ED). Data on the efficacy of ICAв…Ў in
ED is currently scant. We investigated the effects of ICAв…Ў on hemodynamic parameters in the penis of rats with
streptozocin induced diabetes. We also examined the mechanisms underlying diabetes related penile hemodynamics
changes with particular focus on the NO-cGMP and TGFОІ1/Smad2/CTGF signaling pathways. Fifty 8 week-old
Sprague–Dawley rats were randomly divided into normal control and diabetic groups. Diabetes was induced by a one-time
intraperitoneal injection of streptozocin (60mg/kg). Three days later, the diabetic rats were randomly divided into 4 groups
including a saline treated placebo arm and 3 ICAв…Ў-treated models (1, 5, 10mg/kg/d). After three-months, penile
hemodynamics was measured by cavernous nerve electrostimulation (CNE) with real time intracorporal pressure
assessment. Penises were harvested with subsequent histological examination (picrosirius red stain, Hart’s elastin stain
and immunohistochemical stain) and Western blot to explore activity of the NO-cGMP and TGFОІ1/Smad2 signaling
pathways. Diabetes significantly attenuated erectile responses to CNE. Diabetic rats had a decreased corpus cavernous
smooth muscle/collagen ratio and endothelial cell content relative to control animals. The ratio of collagen в… to в…ў was
significantly lower in the corpora of diabetic rats compared to normal controls; furthermore cavernous elastic fibers were
fragmented in the diabetic animals. ICAв…Ў treated diabetic rats had higher expression of nNOS, eNOS, and VEGF in the
penis relative to placebo treated diabetic animals. Both the TGFОІ1/Smad2/CTGF signaling pathway and apoptosis were
down-regulated in the penis from ICAв…Ў-treated rats. ICAв…Ў treatment attenuates diabetes-related impairment of penile
hemodynamics, likely by increasing smooth muscle, endothelial function, and nNOS expression. ICAв…Ў may have
modulatory effects on the TGFОІ1/Smad2/CTGF signaling pathway.
89
S4-01
PEYRONIE'S DISEASE AFTER PROSTATE CANCER TREATMENT IS MORE COMMON THAN PREVIOUSLY KNOWN
Haocheng Lin, Rohit Dhir, Andrea Chan, Claudio Romero, Frances Alba, Run Wang
University of Texas Medical School at Houston and MD Anderson Cancer Center (United States)
Purpose: Peyronie’s disease is a common male sexual disorder with increased incidence in patients after prostate cancer
treatment. Erectile dysfunction (ED) associated with Peyronie’s disease can affect the patient’s satisfaction after inflatable
penile prosthesis (IPP) implantation. This study was designed to look at the incidence of penile deformity at IPP
implantation for treatment of ED in patients with a history of prostate cancer treatment.
Materials and methods: The IPP data base in the last 35 months at MD Anderson Cancer Center was reviewed. ED and
associated history of cancer treatment were recorded. Peyronie’s disease was diagnosed by history, physical examination
and penile Doppler ultrasound before IPP surgery. All patients had penile Doppler ultrasound study before receiving IPP
implantation.
Results: From January, 2007 to November, 2010 a total of 261 IPP surgeries were included in this study. Of these 261
patients, 75% had prostate cancer treatment, 9.6% had radical cystectomy and 15.4% were diagnosed with ED due to
other etiology. Before IPP implantation, 12.8% patients in prostate cancer treatment group were diagnosed with Peyronie’s
disease. However, during the IPP implantation surgery, 38.6% of patients without pre-operative diagnosis of Peyronie’s
disease were found to have penile curvature that required penile plasty to correct the curvature. The severity of the
curvature was from 10 to 45 degrees. The most common deviation was ventral curvature (57.9%) followed by dorsal
curvature (31.6%) with only 10.5% pure lateral curvature. Among them, there are 31.6% patients with combined curvature
(ventral-lateral or dorsal-lateral).
Conclusion: Penile curvature is a very common finding at the IPP implantation surgery for erectile dysfunction after
prostate cancer treatment. All patients (even without pre-operative diagnosis of Peyronie’s disease) should be well
informed regarding the possible curvature after the surgery and surgeons should prepare to perform penile plasty for every
patient receiving IPP.
90
S4-02
PEYRONIE’S DISEASE: CURRENT STATUS OF PENILE PLICATION PROCEDURE
1,2
Te-Fu Tsai
1
Department of Urology, Shin Kong Wu Ho-Su Memorial Hospital, Department of Surgery, Shin Kong Wu Ho-Su Memorial
Hospital (Taiwan)
2
Division of Urology, School of Medicine, Fu-Jen Catholic University (Taiwan)
Peyronie’s disease is an acquired benign condition with unknown etiology. The presenting symptoms include the presence
of a plaque or induration of the penile shaft, penile curvature or deformity during erection, erectile penile pain, and sexual
dysfunction. The disease is currently thought to affect between 3 and 9% of adult men. Patients who have immature
disease are advised that they are not candidates for surgery to straighten the penile curvature until the disease is mature.
Surgical therapy for Peyronie’s disease (plication, graft-based, and prosthetic techniques) should be reserved for the man
who has failed conservative therapy. Penile plication procedure is considered the simplest surgical option for Peyronie’s
disease, with the fewest side effects. Here we review the current status of penile plication and report our experience in
treating Peyronie’s disease.
91
S4-03
THE KRISHNAMURTI OPERATION IN CAUCASIANS AND LIGHT-SKINNED PATIENTS WITH PEYRONIE’S DISEASE
Sudhakar Krishnamurt
Andromeda Andrology Center (India)
The Krishnamurti penile dermal flap operation for Peyronie’s disease was first performed
by the author in 1989,
presented as a free paper in 1992, and published in 1994 (ISSM Herbert Newman Prize Paper - `Penile dermal flap for
defect reconstruction in Peyronie’s disease: Operative technique and four years’ experience in 17 patients.’ – Int. J. Impot.
Res.(1995) 7, 195 – 208.) Since then, the technique has been abstracted several times and included in bibliographies as
well.
Despite penile dermis being excellent graft (flap) material, and good results being consistently reported by the author,
however, the technique has not been put to widespread use by other workers in the field of Peyronie’s disease. The
reasons for this are as follows:
1) Many surgeons working with circumcised populations do not get much (or any) foreskin to work with, and hence believe
they cannot use the technique.
2) Some surgeons have special proclivities for certain industrial graft materials and do not shift their allegiance to any other
materials.
3) Some find the operative technique a bit elaborate (though similar principles are routinely used in hypospadias surgery
and in skin grafting) and would rather stick with something simpler, tried and trusted.
4) Some who were willing to try the penile dermal flap operation in lighter skinned patients have faced technical difficulty in
separating the epidermis from dermis successfully, and have hence reported post-op sebaceous cysts as a consequence:
Penile Dermal Flap in Patients With Peyronie’s Disease: Long-Term Results, by Simonato et al. The Journal Of Urology:
Vol. 183, 1065-1068, March 2010. A study of the operative photographs in this paper, however, shows that the epidermis
has not been properly separated, and hence the cysts.
Separation of epidermis from the dermis of Caucasian white and other light-skinned patients’ foreskins is quite easy and is
not much different from that in colored skins.
In this presentation, the author highlights these technical steps with the use of sharp intra-operative photographs and video
clips.
92
S4-04
A NOVEL PEYRONIE'S DISEASE ANIMAL MODEL COMPARATIVE STUDY OF INTRALESIONAL VERAPAMIL
VERSUS NORMAL SALINE INJECTION: ASSESSMENT OF IMMUNOHISTOCHEMICAL OUTCOMES
1
2
Eric Chung , Ling De Young , Gerald Brock
1
Princess Alexandra Hospital (Australia)
2
St Joseph Health Care (Canada)
2
Objective: At present no optimal management approach in Peyronie's disease (PD) has been described and medical
treatments remain poorly studied. While intralesional injections have been shown to improve penile curvature and
decrease plaque volume, the exact mechanism of action on Peyronie's plaque is unknown.
The aim of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of intralesional injections of verapamil and normal saline in a Peyronie's
disease animal model.
Methods: Peyronie's plaque was induced in 2 groups (N=6) of adult male Sprague Dawley rats using established animal
model of PD from our earlier experiment (TGF ОІ1 and TrombojectR). After 4 weeks, intralesional injections were carried
out. Group 1 consisted of 0.1mg/0.1cc of verapamil injected subtunical into the plaque tissue every second day for 2 weeks
while Group 2 received 0.1cc of intralesional normal saline injection. At weeks 6 and 8, 3 rats from each group were
sacrificed and serial sections of penile tissue were prepared for immuno-histochemical stains.
Results: Intralesional injection of verapamil and normal saline resulted in macro- and microscopic changes to penile
curvature and Peyronie's plaque size. There were decrease collagen and elastin fibers as well as smooth muscle О±-actin
on immuno-histochemical stain. The changes observed were greater in the verapamil group compared to normal saline
group.
Conclusion: This novel study design offers for the first time, histological evidence of cellular changes observed in
Peyronie's plaque following intralesional injections. Volume expansion by hydrodistension appears to plays an important
role in the observed plaque remodeling.
93
S4-05
THERAPEUTICAL EFFECTIVENESS OF A PENILE DEVELOPMENT CORRECTION DEVICE: PRELIMINARY
REPORT ON PUBERTY PATIENTS
1
2
Geng-Long Hsu , Cheng-Hsing Hsieh
1
Microsurgical Potency Reconstruction and Research Center, Hsu’s Andrology (Taiwan)
2
Department of Urology, Buddhist Tzu Chi General Hospital, Taipei Branch (Taiwan)
Purpose: It is commonly believed that the penile deviation is exclusively amenable to surgical intervention. We report a
treatment effect in teenage patients with penile deviation who underwent simple non-surgical treatment by using a penis
development device during puberty.
Materials and Methods: Form August 2003 to November 2010, a total of 15 patients whose genetic counseling was nothing
in particular, aged 12 to 13 years, whose penile deviation was greater than 30 degrees, were included and assigned
randomly to two groups: managing (n=7) and control (n=8) groups in accordance with treatment with a penile model
dressing which was secured to the patient’s waist belt or observation only respectively. The deviation angle was recorded
by autography and subsequently hand measured during penile erection. The penile curvature correction device was
applied each night for 6 months. They were followed annually.
Results: The follow up period varied from 2.0 to 7.0 with an average of 4.7В±1.3 years. In the treatment group the original
deviation angles were 40.7В±8.60 which decreased to 6.30В±2.70 after application of the penile curvature correction device
for 6 months. An acceptable penile shape was achieved in 6 (85.7%) patients. In the control group, however, the deviation
angles were not altered during the 6-month observation period (38.90В±8.50 vs 39.90В±8.80). The difference between the
treatment and control group is statistically significant (P < 0.001). In additional presently a 23 years old male sustained a
severe ventro-lateral curvature associated with erectile dysfunction.
Conclusion: The congenital penile deviation appears to be preventable at juvenile age when the penile development is in
progress. Referring to the disease entity congenital penile deviation, “congenital” may be inappropriately applied at last to
some of the patients whose condition may be correctable at puberty during penile development time.
94
S5-03
EJACUALATORY FUNCTION AND DYSFUNCTION ASSOCIATED WITH LUTS/BPH
Jae-Seung Paick
Seoul National University College of Medicine (Republic of Korea)
Purpose: Understanding of the pathophysiology of the different types of ejaculatory dysfunction remains limited. Previous
studies provide evidence that ejaculatory function can deteriorate after medical or surgical treatment for LUTS/BPH
patients. However, it is poorly elucidated how many patients who visits urology clinic due to LUTS/BPH have ejaculatory
dysfunction. Therefore, the authors investigated baseline ejaculatory function and dysfunction of LUTS/BPH patient before
the initiation of treatment
Materials and methods: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 1,574 patients who visited urology clinic of our
hospital with complaint of lower urinary tract symptoms. All the patients have completed the �5 item questionnaire
assessing ejaculatory function (EjQ)’. The EjQ consisted of questions evaluating volume, power, pain, satisfaction, and
ejaculatory latency time during the last 4 weeks. Medical history, physical examination, voiding diary, International Prostatic
Symptom Score (IPSS), and International Index of Erectile Function (IIEF) were thoroughly reviewed and their relationship
with ejaculatory function were analyzed.
Results: Among the total study population, 4.0% was in their 40s, 15.5% in 50s, 38.6% in 60s, 35.0% in 70s, and 6.9% in
80s or more. The distribution of mild, moderate, and severe urinary symptom according to IPSS was 19.0%, 51.8%, and
29.2%, respectively. We found 783 patients (49.7%) had sexual relationship during the last 4 weeks (Active group),
whereas 791 had not (50.3%) (Inactive group) (Table). Most of the patients in the Inactive group (93.7%) almost
never/never felt sexual desire (IIEF Q11). In the Active group, 53.4% reported that their ejaculatory volume was not enough
55.7% reported that their ejaculatory power was not strong enough, and 41.7% were not satisfied with their ejaculatory
function. And only 6.1% of patients with low ejaculatory volume and 5.6% with low ejaculatory power were satisfied with
their ejaculatory function. The rate of orgasmic dysfunction was 7.4% in the total study population, 12.7% in low ejaculatory
volume group, and 12.2% in low ejaculatory power group. There were strong correlation between ejaculatory volume and
power (correlation coefficient=0.823, p < 0.001). In the Active group, 3.0% reported to have pain or discomfort when
ejaculate. And the ejaculatory latency time was reported to be short in 5.7%, slightly short in 10.5%, long in 14.8%, and
very long in 2.3%. Erectile dysfunction was evaluated by IIEF erectile function domain score: mild, moderate, and severe
erectile dysfunction was reported in 17.1%, 19.6%, and 14.0%, respectively. IPSS total score was inversely correlated with
ejaculatory volume or power and this association remained significant after adjusting for erectile function and age
(OR=1.891, 95% CI 1.088-3.287, p=0.024).
Conclusion: Before the initiation of medical or surgical treatment, we believe that the evaluation of ejaculatory function is
mandatory and that questionnaire assessing ejaculatory volume and satisfaction is an appropriate tool for evaluation.
Table: General and symptom related characteristics of LUTS/BPH patients according to different status of sexual
relationship during the last 4 weeks (BMI: body mass index, PSA: prostate-specific antigen, TRUS: transrectal
ultrasonography, TZ: transitional zone, Qmax: peak flow rate of uroflowmetry, Qol: quality of life, OABSS: overative bladder
scoring system, *:p<0.05) scoring system, *:p<0.05)
95
96
S5-04
ASSOCIATIONS OF THE LOWER URINARY TRACT SYMPTOMS WITH THE LIFESTYLE, PROSTATE VOLUME, AND
METABOLIC SYNDROME IN THE ELDERLY MALES
1
2
2,3
2,3
2
Hsin-Chih Yeh , Chia-Chu Liu , Yung-Chin Lee , Wen-Jeng Wu , Wei-Ming Li , Shu-Pin Huang
2,3
1
Department of Urology, Kaohsiung Municipal Ta-Tung Hospital (Taiwan)
2
Department of Urology, Kaohsiung Medical University Hospital, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung (Taiwan)
3
Department of Urology, Faculty of Medicine, College of Medicine, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung (Taiwan)
Purpose: To evaluate the influence of lifestyle, prostate volume (PV), and metabolic syndrome (MS) on LUTS in elderly
males.
Materials and methods: A total of 764 men aged greater than 40 years were enrolled. Their severities of LUTS were
assessed by the International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS) questionnaire, while their MS was diagnosed according to
the National Cholesterol Education Program Adult Treatment Panel III. Lifestyle factors, PV, and components of MS were
compared between no/mild and moderate/severe LUTS. Multiple logistic regression analysis was used to determine the
independent predictors of moderate/severe LUTS.
Results: The mean age of the participants was 56.5 В± 6.3 years, with an average IPSS of 9.6 В± 7.0. In univariate analysis,
age (p = 0.001), cigarette smoking (p < 0.001), alcohol consumption (p = 0.02), physical activity (p = 0.03), and PV (p <
0.001) significantly correlated with the severity of LUTS, but the presence or any components of MS did not. Results of
multivariate analysis showed that different independent predictors of LUTS were found for males with MS (smoking and
physical activity) and without MS (smoking and PV).
Conclusion: For Taiwanese males, aging, cigarette smoking, lack of regular exercise, and larger PV were independent
predictors for moderate/severe LUTS. PV seemed to be a more important factor in determining the severity of LUTS for
men without MS, while physical activity was the critical factor for men with MS. It was suggested that healthy lifestyle would
be beneficial to lessen the severity of LUTS in elderly males.
97
S5-05
CONTEMPORARY MANAGEMENT OF SEXUAL DYSFUNCTION IN SCI MALE
Donald R. Bodne
CWRU School of Medicine University Hospitals of Cleveland Cleveland DVAMC (United States)
The annual incidence of spinal cord injury is estimated to be 40 cases per million population in the United States or
approximately 12,000 new cases each year with about 265,000 people alive in the US with SCI (1). This compares with a
worldwide incidence between 10 and 83 per million per year and around 14.6 per million in Taipei (2,3).
Since 2005 in the
United States, the average age at injury has increased to 40.7 years with 80.7% of the injuries reported to me among men
(75% among men in Taipei) (1,3). Spinal cord injury may disturb the connection between the brain’s main center for sexual
function and the genitalia. The level and completeness of injury can affect the ability to obtain and maintain erection and
the ability to ejaculate. Erectile dysfunction is a common complaint with 2/3-3/4 reporting the ability to obtain but not
necessarily maintain erection. Anejaculation is a common problem with implications for fertility.
The clinician’s role in sexual health is summarized in the recent clinical guideline on Sexuality and Reproductive Health in
Adults with Spinal Cord Injury (4). This guideline covers sexual history and assessment, practical considerations
(bladder/bowel care, positioning, autonomic dysreflexia, spasticity), dysfunction and fertility and relationship issues and
emphasizes using the latest revision of the International Standards for Neurological Classification of Spinal Cord Injury
(ISNCSCI) (5). A practical consumer companion piece is available for free download at www.pva.org (6). The International
Spinal Cord Injury Male Sexual Function Data Set can be downloaded from the ISCoS website (http://www.iscos.org.uk)
(7,8).
For erectile dysfunction, PDE5 inhibitors are effective and safe treatment options. Intracavernosal injection therapy is
effective but close supervision is required as sustained erections are common. Ejaculatory dysfunction can be treated with
vibratory stimulation or electroejaculation.
Men with SCI are at increased risk for hypogonadism, which may adversely affect metabolism, body composition and
sexual function (4,9). Underlying causes (eg, infection, medications, metabolic syndrome, diabetes, brain injury) should be
addressed. Testosterone deficiency should be documented before initiating replacement therapy. Preliminary data
suggests that testosterone replacement therapy may significantly improve lean tissue mass and energy expenditure when
hypogonadism is present (10).
References:
1). Spinal Cord Injury Facts and Figures at a Glance. National Spinal Cord Injury Statistical Center, Birmingham, Alabama.
J Spinal Cord Med.2011: 34(4).
2). Wyndaele M, Wyndaele JJ. Incidence, prevalence and epidemiology of spinal cord injury: what learns a worldwide
literature survey? Spinal Cord. 2006: 44,508-23.
3). Chen HY et al. A nationwide epidemiological study of spinal cord injury in geriatric patients in Taiwan.
Neuroepidemiology. 1997:16:241-247.
4). Sexuality and reproductive health in adults with spinal cord injury: a clinical practice guideline for health-care
professionals. Consortium for Spinal Cord Medicine. J Spinal Cord Med. 2010:33(3):281-336.
5). Modification of the International Standards for Neurological Classification of Spinal Cord Injury. J Spinal Cord Med. 2011
In Press.
6). Sexuality and reproductive health in adults with spinal cord injury: what you should know. Consortium for Spinal Cord
Medicine. Paralyzed Veteran of America 2011.
7.) Alexander MS, Biering-Sorensen F, Elliott S, Kreuter M, Sonksen J. International spinal cord injury male sexual function
basic data set. Spinal Cord. 2011: 49(7): 795-8.
8). Alexander MS, Brackett NL, Bodner D, Elliott S, Jackson A, Sonksen J. National Institute on Disability and
Rehabilitation Research. Measurement of sexual functioning after spinal cord injury: preferred instruments. J Spinal Cord
Med. 2009:32(3):226-36.
9) Wang UH, Huang TS, Lien In. Hormone changes in men with spinal cord injuries. Am J Phy Med Rehabil. 1992:
71(6):328-32.
10) Bauman WA, Cirnigliaro CM, La Fountaine ME, Jensen AM, Wecht JM, Kirshblum SC, Spungen AM. A small-scale
clinical trial to determine the safely and efficacy of testosterone replacement therapy in hypogonadal men with spinal cord
injury. Hom Metab Res. 2011: 43(8):574-9
98
S6-02
STEM CELLS FOR ERECTILE DYSFUNCTION
Ching-Shwun Lin, Tom F. Lue
Department of Urology, University of California (United States)
Stem cells represent great promise for regenerative medicine. Depending on the source of the cells, two broad categories
have generally been recognized: the embryonic stem cells (ESCs) and the adult stem cells (ASCs). ESCs hold the ability
to differentiate into any cell type, whereas ASCs have the capacity to give rise only to cells of a given germ layer. Erectile
dysfunction (ED) is a common health problem affecting millions of men. Current treatment options are less effective for
patients having cavernous nerve (CN) injury or diabetes mellitus (DM)-related ED. These two types of ED are thus the
main focus of past and current stem cell (SC) therapy studies. In a total of 16 studies up to 2011, rats were used
exclusively as disease models while SC were derived mostly from bone marrow, adipose tissue, or skeletal muscle. For
tracking, SC were labeled with LacZ, GFP, DAPI, DiI, BrdU, or EdU, some of which might have led to misinterpretation of
data. SC transplantation was done almost exclusively by intracavernous (IC) route. Functional assessment was done
exclusively by measuring increases of intracavernous pressure (ICP) during electrostimulation of CN. Histological
assessment usually focused on endothelial, smooth muscle, and CN contents/nitric oxide synthase activity in the penis. In
general, favorable outcomes have been obtained in all trials so far although whether SC had differentiated into specific cell
lineages remains controversial. Recent studies have shown that IC injected SC rapidly escaped the penis and homed in to
bone marrow. The differentiation versus paracrine debate requires further investigation.
99
S6-03
GENE POLYMORPHISMS AND ERECTILE DYSFUNCTION
Yung-Chin Lee
Kaohsiung Medical University Chung-Ho Memorial Hospita (Taiwan)
Erectile dysfunction (ED) is a remarkably common disorder. Accumulating data show that ED is linked with coronary artery
disease, diabetes, and hyperten sion. These findings suggest that much of ED is vasculogenic in nature. In fact, ED and
systemic vascular diseases often coexist and share many common risk factors. ED has now been identified as a marker of
silent vascular disease.
Recently, evidence has accumulated proving that genotypes of single nucleotide polymorphism (SNPs), including eNOS,
ACEI/D and GNB3gene polymorphisms, are associated with an increased risk of developing cardiovascular or metabolic
disorders and they affect some of those exact same physiological pathways that are known to play a role in the regulation
of penile vasomotor tone. Existing data about the relation between the gene polymorphisms and ED are quite limited.
However, considering the close relationship between pathogenetic mechanisms in ED and cardiovascular disorders, the
attempt of searching for common genetic factors influencing both disorders appear feasible.
Among these candidate genes, eNOS is the most widely studied. The relaxation of the corpora cavernosa is mainly
mediated by nitric oxide (NO). NO production from endothelial NO synthase (eNOS), using L-arginine as its substrate,
plays an important role in maintaining the tumescence phase of erection after initial stimulation. Three polymorphisms of
the gene eNOS, which encoded for eNOS enzyme, have been described. The G894T polymorphism in exon 7 causes an
amino acid substitution in the mature protein, resulting in the disturbance of eNOS activity and NO production. The variable
number of 27-bp tandem repeats in intron 4 (4 VNTR), also called 4a/4b, has been shown to affect the transcription or
functional activity of eNOS. The T786C polymorphism in the promoter region resulted in a significant reduction in the
eNOS gene promoter activity by approximately 50% and reduce serum NO concentration markedly.
Studies from German and Brazilian populations failed to show a significant association of the G894T polymorphism with
ED prevalence. However, our results, enrolling 151 patients with ED and 77 healthy controls in a Taiwanese population,
suggest the eNOS 894T allele carriers are more genetically susceptible to ED, both in prevalence and severity. The
significant correlations were also supported by studies in Turkish, Iranian and Mexican populations. Up to now, the
reported studies did not show the significant associations between intron 4 VNTR polymorphism and ED. Only one study,
from Turkey, indicate �a’ allele of intron 4 VNTR polymorphism associates with a better sildenafil response for ED. Recently,
Wang et al. reported a meta-analysis by retrieving 9 studies that investigated the association between the two eNOS
polymorphisms, G894T and 4 VNTR, and the risk of ED. Their results support that G894T, but not 4 VNTR, variant is
associated with an increase in the risk of ED. There were only 3 reports about the correlations of T786C polymorphism with
ED and the data available are still conflicting.
The renin-angiotensin system is a key factor in the systemic vasomotor regulation and recent evidence points out that
angiotensin II might play a role in the initiation of detumescence. The angiotesion-converting enzyme insertion/ deletion
(ACE I/D) gene polymorphism of a 287 bp sequence in intron 16 of the ACE-gene has been associated with cardiovascular
disorders comprising left ventricular dysfunction and myocardial infarction. Several studies reported that DD genotype of
ACE I/D is a risk factor for ED in different populations except for ones in a German population. The risk and onset age of
ED as well as the erectile response to intracorporal prostaglandin injection were independent of this gene polymorphism.
However, they found that patients with the D allele are less likely to respond to sildenafil for ED.
A C825T polymorphism has been described in the gene GNB3, which encoded for G-protein subunit Gb3 (GNB3). The
GNB3 825T allele is associated with a splice variant of Gb3 referred to as Gb3s, which has functionally increased the
activity that could lead to an increased sodium hydrogen exchanger (NHE) activity in the vascular smooth muscle cells,
causing the increase of vascular tone that might account for a critical susceptibility of penile erection. There have been
many studies reported the associations of the GNB3 825T alleles with a variety of cardiovascular risk factors for ED,
including hypertension, diabetes, and dyslipidemia, and are strongly predictive of individual drug responsiveness. However
existing data about the associations of the GNB3 C825T gene polymorphisms with ED are very limited. We enrolled 155
patients with ED and 81 healthy controls to test the association of both. Our results along with the other study in a Germen
population failed to show a significant association between this gene polymorphism and ED. However, we cannot exclude
that the presence of the T allele might influence the risk for ED severity indirectly through an increased risk for some
vascular diseases.
Although it seems obvious that hereditary factors possibly influence the pathogenesis of ED, there has been no study that
proved an independent association between a defined genotype and ED. There is still limited information about this issue
and the data available are conflicting. Such variable findings might be because studies were sampled from different
populations and relatively small sample size, and this variability can be considered an interesting progress towards the
understanding of the role of genetic factors in the pathophysiology of ED. To advance the understanding of the genetic
basis of ED, , more large-scale genetic epidemiological and functional studies are clearly needed to investigate the
complete range of the signal transduction pathway that confer genetic susceptibility to ED.
100
S6-04
STEM CELLS USED FOR REGENERATION OF CORPUS CAVERNOSUM
1,2
Kuo-Liang Chen
1
Department of Urology, China Medical University Hospital (Taiwan)
2
China Medical University (Taiwan)
Penile reconstruction is necessary for patients with congenital anomalies, penile cancer, traumatic penile injury, and some
patients with organic erectile dysfunction. Various reconstructive procedures have been attempted to restore a
cosmetically acceptable phallus that would allow normal urinary, sexual, and reproductive function. Regeneration of corpus
cavernosum is a challenge to be solved.
A large number of congenital and acquired abnormalities of the geni¬tourinary system would benefit from the availability of
transplantable, autologous corpus cavernosum tissue for use in recon¬structive procedures. Given the major structural
and functional impor¬tance of corpora cavernosal tissue, it is clear that the availability of autologous corporal tissue for use
in reconstructive pro¬cedures would be of great clinical utility, facilitating enhanced cosmetic result, while providing the
possibility of de novo, functional erectile tissue. Tissue-engineered corpus cavernosum is one of the strategies.
Three components essential for tissue engineering are cells, scaffolds, and bioactive factors. The cells for tissue
engineering might be stem cells, progenitor cells, and differentiated cells. Stem cells exhibit two remarkable properties:
self-renew and differentiation into the specialized cell types. They could be fertilized eggs, embryonic stem cells,
parthenogenetic stem cells, induced pleuripotent stem cells, stem cells derived from therapeutic cloning, adult stem cells,
and so on. Some of them have been differentiated into endothelial cells and/or smooth muscle cells ready for use in
creating tissue-engineered corpus cavernosum.
In this talk, I am going to introduce the strategies of these stem cells use, such as embryonic stem cells, mesenchymal
stem cells, muscle-derived stem cells, adipose-derived stem cells, neural crest stem cells, and endothelial progenitor cells.
101
OP01
VALIDITY OF PREMATURE EJACULATION DIAGNOSTIC TOOL (PEDT) IN FOUR SUBGROUPS OF PREMATURE
EJACULATION SYNDROME: DATA FROM THE KOREAN INTERNET SEXUALITY SURVEY – PART I
1
2
Sang Hoon Song , Hwancheol Son , Jae-seung Paick
1
1
Department of Urology, Seoul National University Hospital (Republic of Korea)
2
Department of Urology, Seoul National University Boramae Hospital (Republic of Korea)
Purpose: Premature ejaculation diagnostic tool (PEDT) is a brief, multidimensional validated instrument for diagnosis of PE
However, evidence of clinical validity of this questionnaire and its capability of differentiating subgroups of PE is insufficient
We employed and compared PEDT score in Waldinger’s 4 subgroups of PE (Lifelong, Acquired, Natural variable, and
Premature like dysfunction) to identify validity of PEDT score for diagnosis of subgroups of PE.
Materials and methods: E-mails were sent to population based sample of males aged 20-59. Participants were asked to
complete a questionnaire requesting detailed medical and sexual histories, which included questions from PEDT, and
Medical Outcome Study Short-form 36-Item Health Survey (SF-36). Self-reported PE and 4 subgroups were defined and
classified by self-assessment. PEDT-PE was defined with cutoff score of 11.
Results: E-mails were opened by 1,206 recipient and a total of 443 subjects with mean age of 39.3 В± 10.1 years were
included, a response rate of 36.7%. Incidence of PE and their mean PEDT score were; self-reported PE (20.5%, 11.2),
Lifelong PE (2.9%, 15.5), Acquired PE (7.0%, 11.2), Natural variable PE (7.4%, 10.4), and Premature like dysfunction
(3.2%, 9.0). PEDT scores were significantly higher in Lifelong PE than in other PE subgroups of PE (p < 0.001). Premature
like dysfunction group showed the lowest PEDT score and their physical and mental component score of SF-36 were
similar to that of non-PE subjects. In the ROC curve analysis, sensitivity and specificity for diagnosis of Lifelong PE by
PEDT was 91.3% and 93.8%, respectively. PEDT-PE incidence was 14.6% and its risk factors were erectile dysfunction,
nondrinking, and low health related self-perception.
Conclusion: This population-based cross-sectional survey shows validity of PEDT as a useful tool for diagnosis of
self-reported PE and, especially of Lifelong PE.
102
OP02
A STUDY OF ATTITUDES AND BEHAVIORS OF KOREAN MEN TO COMPLEMENTARY AND ALTERNATIVE
MEDICINE FOR THE IMPROVEMENT OF SEXUAL FUNCTION: THE KOREAN INTERNET SEXUALITY SURVEY
(KISS) – PART II
1
2
3
Woo Suk Choi , Sang Hoon Song , Hwancheol Son , Jae-seung Paick
2
1
Department of Urology, Yanggu Health Center, Yanggu-Gun (Republic of Korea)
2
Department of Urology, Seoul National University Hospital (Republic of Korea)
3
Department of Urology, Seoul National University Boramae Hospital (Republic of Korea)
Purpose: Little research has been performed on complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) usage for improving
sexual function. This study is conducted to study CAM usage for sexual problems and to propose a model explaining what
leads men to use CAM.
Materials and methods:
Participants recruited via the Internet were asked to complete questionnaires about CAM usage
and sexual function. Actual CAM users were allocated to group A, men who desired but did not actually use CAM were
allocated to group B, and others were allocated to group C. It was presumed that men desired CAM when exposed to
some risk factors of sexual dysfunction, and these are the men among that actually use CAM.
Results: A total of 443 subjects of mean age of 39.2В±10.2 years were included. The prevalence of CAM use for sexual
function was 11.1% (Group A), and dietary supplements were the most common type of CAM. Overall mean satisfaction for
the used CAM by percent was 55.5В±24.2%. One hundred and ninety two men (43.3%) were allocated to Group B. By
multivariate analysis, the risk factors for desiring CAM included drinking (OR=2.24, 95%CI=1.28-3.91), regarding sex an
important part of life (OR=2.16; 95%CI=1.41-4.09), self-reported erectile dysfunction (OR=5.08; 95%CI=1.60-16.1), and
self-reported premature ejaculation (OR=3.34; 95%CI=1.65-6.76). Smoking (OR=2.49; 95%CI=1.11-5.61) and having a
positive attitude toward sexual activity (OR=3.77; 95%CI=1.42-9.99) were found to be independent risk factors of actual
CAM use. On the other hand, RE (role emotion) points on the SF-36 (OR=0.22; 95%CI=0.06-0.73) and self-reported PE
(OR=0.22; 95%CI=0.06-0.73) were found to be negatively related to actual use.
Conclusion: Smoking, drinking, self-reported ED, self-reported PE, attitude towards sexual activity, and emotional
problems play roles in decision making regarding the use of CAM.
103
OP03
SERTRALINE COMBINED WITH DESENSITIZATION TRAINING FOR TREATMENT OF PREMATURE EJACULATION:
A SINGLE-CENTER EXPERIENCE IN SOUTH CHINA
1
1
1
1
1
2
2
1
Heng-Jun Xiao , Hao Zhang , Yan Zhang , Jian-Guang Qiu , Xiao-Peng Liu , Jun Chen , Bin Zhang , Xin Gao
1
Department of Urology, the Third Affiliated Hospital of SUN Yat-sen University (China)
2
Department of infertility & sexual medicine, the Third Affiliated Hospital of SUN Yat-sen University (China)
Objective:To assess the clinical efficacy of Sertraline and pharmacotherapy combined with desensitization training for
treatment of premature ejaculation (PE).
Methods:A total of 50 male outpatients from south China who were more than 18 yr of age and in a stable monogamous
relationship for 6 months were eligible if they met the ISSM criteria for PE. They were divided randomly into two equal
groups. One is the pharmacotherapy group that was given 50mg of Sertraline daily for 4 weeks. The other is a combination
therapy group that received oral Sertraline (25mg daily) and desensitization training twice per week for 4 weeks. The
desensitization training was a behavioural technique which was used to diminish sense of subjective control of ejaculation
by the clinician’s educational interventions. The therapeutic efficiency was assessed by the score of CIPE-5 (Chinese
index of sexual function for premature ejaculation) and intravaginal ejaculatory latency time (IELT).
Results:After 4 weeks treatment, the overall effective rate in the two groups was 85.0 % and 92.5%. The CIPE-5 score and
IELT were significantly higher than those before treatment. The CIPE-5 score and IELT in the pharmacotherapy group
were 12.6В±3.2, 3.6В±2.3 min as compared with 8.2В±2.3, 0.8В±0.5 min before treatment, and the combination therapy group
were 16.3В±4.5, 4.9В±3.1 min as compared with 7.9В±2.3, 0.9В±0.4 min, respectively. Pharmacotherapy combined with
desensitization training prolong more IELT of the patients, 4.9В±3.1 min vs 3.6В±2.3 min as compared with simply
pharmacotherapy. There were significant differences between them (P < 0.01). The side effects of Sertraline (25mg daily)
in the combination therapy group were obviously lower than those of pharmacotherapy group (50mg daily). Combination
therapy helps the patients improve ejaculatory control, reduce performance anxiety, and achieve other outcomes including
greater sexual satisfaction and less distress.
Conclusion:The results showed that Sertraline combined with desensitization training were superior to simply
pharmacotherapy on either IELT or CIPE. They suggest combination therapy be a better practice for treatment of PE with
lower dosage of Sertraline.
104
OP04
THE PREVALENCE OF PREMATURE EJACULATION IN TAIWAN: EVALUATION FROM THE FEMALE PARTNERS’
PERSPECTIVE
1
2
3
4
Thomas I-Sheng Hwang , Tjin-Shing Jap , Bang-Ping Jiann , Han-Sun Chiang
1
Division of Urology, Department of Surgery, Shin Kong WHS Memroial Hospital (Taiwan)
2
Department of Endocrinology & Metabolism, Taipei Veterans General Hospital (Taiwan)
3
Kaohsiung Veterans General Hospital; * School of Medicine, Fu-Jen Catholic University (Taiwan)
4
School of Medicine, Taipei Medical University Hospital (Taiwan)
Background: Premature ejaculation (PE) is a common male sexual dysfunction, which affects men and their partners. Very
limited PE research performed in Chinese women, nor validated questionnaire is available for this population. This is the
first study in examining the PE prevalence based on self-reported and premature ejaculation diagnostic tool (PEDT)
definition for PE by female partners of men. The purpose of this study is to validate the PEDT in Chinese women
population as well as to measure its relationship with women self estimated intravaginal ejaculatory latency time (IELT) in
this population.
Methods: A secured internet survey tool is used in collecting data from Chinese women (ages 18-65). Participants were
required to complete a set of questionnaires
consisted of questions on general, medical, and sexual history related to
ejaculation and self estimated IELT.
Results: A total of 775 Chinese women completed those questionnaires with no replicated Internet Protocol (IP) address.
The PE prevalence by women self-reported and by women estimated PEDT definition for PE were 126 (16.3%) and 103
(13.3%), respectively. They are similar to those previous studies done in Western communities regardless definition of PE.
The estimated IELT from women self-reported men with PE (median, 4.5 minutes) was shorter compared to those
self-reported men without PE (median, 7.5 minutes). The whole group has a median of 7.5 minutes (mean 10.5 minutes,
range 0.1-25.00). On the other hand, two groups (PE vs. Non-PE groups) in PEDT definition for PE had the same median
of IELTs. The PEDT and estimated IELT showed a low correlation (ПЃ=в€’0.09486). From the risk analysis, the PE prevalence
was positively associated with age, psychological stress and multiple partners of sexual status. For the sexual satisfaction,
it had an inverse relationship with PE prevalence and a high prevalence of comorbid PE and erectile dysfunction (ED).
Conclusions: PE in Chinese women is as prevalent as it in western countries when PE is defined by women self-reported
and PEDT-estimated. But the PEDT is not an adequate questionnaire for women to screen among Chinese patients,
especially the low association with estimated IELT. From this study's results, an adequate and validated questionnaire for
female reported measures of PE should be reassessed in a further study.
105
OP05
BIOIDENTICAL DHEA (PHYTO-DHEA) ANDTHE CONVERSION OF ALBUMIN- BOUND-TESTOSTERONE TO FREEAND TOTAL TESTOSTERONE IN HYPOGONADIC MEN WITH SEXUAL DYSFUNCTION
Arif Adimoelja
Naval Teaching Hospital Dr. Ramelan/Men’s Health, Reproduction, Sexual Health,School of Medicine, Hang Tuah
University (Indonesia)
Purpose: Age-related reduction in testosterone (T) production is well known, but the exact cause is obvious. Laboratory
biochemical reports in healthy youthful ages result in total-T ranging 250 - 800 mg/L. 60% are tightly bound to SHBG
(sex-hormone-binding-globulin) or 38% to albumin, small fractions (2%) only are unbound or found as “free-T”.
Consequently only albumin-bound and free-T constitute the bio-available form of T, which is accessible to target tissues
and carry-out the action of essential sex hormones, including the sexual functions. The number of bioavailable-T is
influenced by SHBG levels. Aging men experience increase in aromatase activity and elevation in SHBG production. The
net result is increased in the ratio of estrogen to T and decrease in total-T and Free-T. Free-T is essential for
Di-hydro-testosterone (DHT) production needed to cross the blood-brain-barrier to stimulate TARGET aggressive-centers
in the brain which provoke libido. Former studies have shown that Tribulus-terrestris-L extracts contain the active agent
PROTODIOSCIN, which can be converted to bioidentical DHEA, that activate the conversion of albumin-bound-T to Free-T
and total-T in the presence of 5-alpha-dehydrogenase
Materials and methods: 45 hypogonadic men with sexual dysfunctions were recruited. 30 subjects were non-diabetics and
15 were diabetics male patients with ED and decrease libido. They all were treated with 250 mg. Tribulus-terrestris L.
extracts 3x daily for a period of 3 months
Results: Improvements of libido were noted in 11 (37%) non diabetics and 2 (13%) diabetics ED patients. A total of 13 (29%
patients have regained their libido within 10 days only. Increase libido and erections were noted after 3 months in 20 (67 %)
non-diabetics and 8 (53 %) 15 diabetic patients.
Regaining sexual desires, intercourse frequencies with good erections were noted in 28 (62 %) in all 45 ED patients. At the
end of trials their total T levels were arisen significantly (p < 0.005) to normal physiological values
Conclusion and comments: Bioidentical DHEA (Phyto-DHEA) exert conversion of bio-available albumin-bound-T to Free-T,
total-T and reduce SHBG production in men with hypogonadism. Further trials with greater number of subjects is
recommended.
106
OP06
PREVALENCE AND MOLECULAR ANALYSIS OF EJACULATORY DYSFUNCTION IN TAIWAN
1
1
1
Pei-Yu Lin , Victor Chia-Hsiang Lin , Yung-Ming Lin
1
Division of Urology, Department of Surgery, E-Da Hospital, Kaohsiung; Department of Urology, College of Medicine and
Hospital, National Cheng Kung University (Taiwan)
Purpose: Ejaculatory dysfunction (EjD) is a common problem among men with age more than 50 years old; however, the
causes of EjD at the molecular level remain largely unknown. The aims of this study were to investigate the prevalence of
EjD in south Taiwan and to explore the molecular networks and genes contributing to the causes of EjD.
Materials and Methods: Male Sexual Health Questionnaire-Ejaculatory domain was delivered to 500 men with age ranged
between 20 to 80 years old. Patients with bladder or prostatic carcinoma undergoing radical surgery were also enrolled,
and the seminal vesicle tissues from three men with normal ejaculatory function and three men with EjD were obtained for
cDNA microarray analysis. Genes that are differentially expressed were uploaded into Ingenuity Pathway Analysis
software analysis for network analysis. Genes of interest were validated by quantitative real-time RT-PCR.
Results: The questionnaire retrieval rate was 75.6%. Five percent of men with age less than 50 had moderate to severe
EjD, and 14% of them had mild EjD. In men with age more than 50, 14% of them had moderate to severe EjD and 36% of
them had mild EjD. Using age of 50 as a cutoff, older men tend to have varied extent of diminished ejaculatory volume,
ejaculatory strength and prolonged time to achieve ejaculation. Of the associated five networks obtained, inflammation
response-related network reveals the top one significant network. In accordance with microarray results, the transcript
levels of MMP-3, MMP-14, TIMP-4 and KLK3 were significantly up-regulated and MMP-7 was significantly down-regulated
in EjD group.
Conclusion: Our results reveal that the prevalence of EjD increases with aging, up to 50% of older men in South Taiwan
suffer from moderate to severe EjD, and inflammation process contributes to one of the causes of EjD.
107
OP07
THE IMPACT OF ANDROGEN RECEPTOR CAG REPEAT POLYMORPHISM ON ANDROPAUSAL SYMPTOMS IN
AGING TAIWANESE MEN
1,2,3
Chia-Chu Liu
1,2,5
Wu
1,2
1,2
1,2
1,3
1,4
, Shu-Pin Huang , Yung-Chin Lee , Chii-Jye Wang , Wei-Ming Li , Hsin-Chih Yeh , Wen-Jeng
, Chun-Hsiung Huang
1,2
1
Kaohsiung Medical University Hospital (Taiwan)
2
Kaohsiung Medical University (Taiwan)
3
Pingtung Hospital, Department of Health, Executive Yuan (Taiwan)
4
Kaohsiung Municipal Ta-Tung Hospital (Taiwan)
5
Kaohsiung Municipal Hsiao-Kang Hospital (Taiwan)
Objective: Andropause or late-onset hypogonadism has become an area of interest and can cause a broad aspect of
physical, psychological and sexual symptoms in aging men. In addition to a depletion of androgen, attenuated action of
androgen receptor (AR) can also contribute to andropausal symptoms. The aim of study is to evaluate the impact of AR
CAG repeat polymorphism on andropausal symptoms in aging Taiwanese men.
Methods: From August 2007 to April 2008, a free health screening for men older than 40 years was conducted by a
medical center in Kaohsiung, Taiwan. All participants received physical examination, answered questionnaires to collect
their demographic information and medical histories, completed the Androgen Deficiency in the Aging Male (ADAM)
questionnaire, and provided 20 cc whole blood samples for biochemical and genetic evaluation. Serum albumin, total
testosterone (TT), and sex hormone-binding globulin levels were measured. Free testosterone level was calculated. AR
gene CAG repeat polymorphism was determined by direct sequencing.
Results: 702 men with the mean age of 57.2В±6.5 years (range: 43-87 years) were included. As TT levels increased, the
prevalence of andropausal symptoms was found to decrease gradually. When TT levels were above 340 ng/dl, subjects
with AR CAG repeat lengths ≧25 showed significantly higher risk of developing andropausal symptoms, as compared to
those with AR CAG repeat lengths ≦22 ( p=0.006), but this was not observed when TT levels were 340 ng/dl or below.
Decades and number of comorbidities were also independent risk factors for andropausal symptoms.
Conclusion: Both serum testosterone levels and AR CAG repeat polymorphism can influence the appearance of
andropausal symptoms concomitantly. In subjects with normal TT concentration, those with longer AR CAG repeat lengths
have a higher risk of developing andropausal symptoms. Further studies are needed, focusing on a multifactorial approach
for andropausal symptoms and the interactions between the risk factors.
108
OP08
CONTINUOUS IMPROVEMENTS OF FEATURES OF THE METABOLIC SYNDROME OVER 48 MONTHS UPON
NORMALIZATION OF SERUM TESTOSTERONE IN THREE COHORTS, IN TOTAL 410 MEN
1,2
3
2,4
5
6
5
F Saad , A Haider , A Yassin , M Zitzmann , L Gooren , E Nieschlag
1
Scientific Affairs Men’s Healthcare, Bayer Pharma AG (Germany)
2
Gulf Medical University School of Medicine (United Arab Emirates)
3
Private Urology Practice (Germany)
4
Segeberger Kliniken (Germany)
5
Centre for Reproductive Medicine and Andrology, University of Muenster (Germany)
6
Dpt of Endocrinology, VUMC Amsterdam (Netherlands)
Purpose: Men with lower-than-normal serum testosterone often show features of the metabolic syndrome. This study
tested the effects of normalization of testosterone over a period of 48 months in three cohorts of men, studied in three
different German clinics, following the same treatment protocol.
Materials and methods: The study was an observational uncontrolled study. Cohort 1 (Muenster), consisted of 281 men of
whom 137 hypogonadal men (aged 40 В± 13 years) were followed up for 48 months. Of the total of 281, 59 men had late
onset hypogonadism (LOH). Cohort 2 (Bremerhaven) consisted of 143 men, aged 34-78 years (mean В± SD: 62В± 8 yrs)), of
whom 119 had LOH. Cohort 3 (Norderstedt) consisted of 130 men aged 46-79 years (meanВ± SD: 61В± 9 yrs) of whom 104
had LOH. The cut-off point for inclusion in the study was serum testosterone < 12 nmol/L.
The three cohorts were treated with parenteral testosterone undecanoate for 48 months as the sole intervention. Statistical
analysis: (STATA (Stata Corp, College Station, Texas, USA): linear
mixed model for longitudinal data.
Results: Plasma levels of testosterone rose from a range of 5.6- 9.7 to a range of 15.4- 19.0 nmol/L upon testosterone
treatment, reaching their maximum at 9 months
and remaining stable over the next 33 months. There was a remarkable
progressive decline of body weight and waist circumference over the entire study period, most notably over the first 24
months. Plasma cholesterol, triglyceride, and LDL-cholesterol decreased significantly over the study period. Plasma HDL
increased significantly over the first 24 months and then declined in cohort 2 but increased over 48 months in cohorts 1
and 3. Plasma glucose declined over the first 12-18 months and then stabilized. Systolic blood pressure declined over 48
months in cohort 1 and 2 and declined over 24 months to stabilize thereafter in cohort 3. In cohort 1 at baseline 240/281
men fulfilled the harmonized criteria of the metabolic syndrome1, falling to 114/281 after two years. At baseline 88/143 men
in cohort 2 and 93/130 men in cohort 3 met the criteria of the metabolic syndrome by the harmonized definition. After 48
months of testosterone treatment this number had declined to 48/143 in cohort 2 and to 62/130 in cohort 3.
Conclusion:
In men with hypogonadism testosterone treatment over 48 months, normalizing testosterone levels to the
mid-normal range led to an improvement of features of the metabolic syndrome. The improvements in the younger men
with �classical’ primary or secondary hypogonadism (cohort 1) were of a similar magnitude as in men with LOH (cohorts 2
and 3). The most significant
improvement of variables of the metabolic syndrome was noted over the first 12-24 months
with further improvement over the following 24-36 months. Body weight and waist circumference declined further
paralleled by improvements of cholesterol, LDL and triglycerides and systolic/diastolic blood pressure.
Reference: Alberti KGMM et al., Harmonizing the Metabolic 109
Syndrome; Circulation 2009; 120: 1640-1645
OP09
EFFECTS OF 4 YEAR TESTOSTERONE TREATMENT ON COMPONENTS OF THE METABOLIC SYNDROME
1
2,3
4
A Haider , F Saad , L Gooren
1
Private Urology Practice (Germany)
2
Scientific Affairs Men’s Healthcare Bayer Pharma (Germany)
3
Gulf Medical University School of Medicine (United Arab Emirates)
4
VUMC Amsterdam (Netherlands)
Purpose: Elderly men often show a concurrence of a decline of testosterone with features of the metabolic syndrome. This
study tested the effects of normalization of testosterone.
Materials and methods: 143 hypogonadal men (34 – 78 years, mean 62 ± 8.0 years), with testosterone levels ≤ 12nmol/L
were treated with parenteral testosterone undecanoate for 4 years as the sole intervention.
Results: Plasma testosterone rose from 9.7 В± 1.4 nmol/L to 19.0 В± 2.4 nmol/L at 12 months, then stabilized between 17.0
and 18.4 nmol/L during the following three years. There was a remarkable progressive linear decline of body weight, waist
circumference, serum total cholesterol, triglycerides, and LDL-cholesterol over the 4 year period. Plasma glucose declined
over the first 24 months. There was a significant decrease of systolic and diastolic blood pressure over the first 24 months,
then values leveled off. At baseline 88/143 men met the criteria of the metabolic syndrome as defined by the by the
harmonized definition; after four years of testosterone treatment this number had declined to 48/143.
Conclusion: With testosterone treatment over four years, the most significant improvement of the metabolic syndrome,
including blood pressure, was noted
over the first 24 months but over the following 24 months improvements were at
least maintained or even further improvement was observed.
110
OP10
BIOAVAILABE AND FREE TESTOSTERONE RATIOS ARE SIGNIFICANTLY ASSOCIATED WITH THE AGING
MALE’S SYMPTOM SCORE OF TAIWANESE MALE
1
2
2
2
I-Ching Lee , Shih-Ping Liu , Ju-Ton Shieh , Hong-Jen Yu
1
The Department of Urology, West Garden Hospital (Taiwan)
2
The Department of Urology, National Taiwan University Hospital (Taiwan)
Purpose: Testosterone decreases with age and thus causes related symptoms. The term late-onset hypogonadism (LOH)
has been used to describe hypogonadism in combination with its related symptoms. Aging males’ symptoms scale (AMS)
has been used widely to evaluate symptoms related to hypogonadism. Previous studies focusing on the association
between AMS and serum testosterone came up with inconsistent conclusions. Our aim was to explore the association
between serum testosterone related parameters and AMS. In addition, this study also explored other factors which may
interfere with the association.
Materials and Methods: This was a cross-sectional study with a total of 774 men aged 40 years or older receiving health
checkup service at National Taiwan University Hospital (NTUH) from November 2008 to October 2009. All of them
completed the AMS and blood samples were collected to determine serum testosterone levels along with other biomarkers
Absolute values of testosterone were tertiled and two testosterone-related parameters were created, i.e. bioavailable and
free testosterone ratios (BTR, FTR). AMS was dichotomized according to its severity. Other covariates were also adjusted
in the study. Logistic regression and multinomial logistic regression analyses were used for data analysis.
Results: Testosterone decreased with age (p for trend < 0.0001). The association between tertiled testosterone and AMS
was inconsistent and unstable. In contrast, higher BTR and FTR showed a decreased risk of developing psychological
symptoms (AOR for BTR=0.98, AOR for FTR=0.62). Higher BTR and FTR were also associated with decreased risks of
developing severe overall symptoms (AOR for BTR=0.94, AOR for FTR=0.25). Similar results were also found by
multinomial logistic regression. However, effect modification by some covariates, e.g., hypertension, hyperuricemia,
hyperlipidemia, CRP, marital status and age, were not significant.
Conclusion: Bioavailable and free testosterone ratios (BTR and FTR) are significantly associated with psychological and
total AMS with protective effects. In contrast, the association between absolute value of testosterone and AMS is
inconsistent and unstable.
111
OP11
POOR GLYCEMIC CONTROL IS A RISK FOR LOW TESTOSTERONE IN TYPE 2 DIABETIC MEN WITH ERECTILE
DYSFUNCTION
1
Bang-Ping Jiann , Yung-Jui Huang
2
1
Department of Medical Education and ResearchKaohsiung Veterans General Hospital (Taiwan)
2
Graduate School of Human Sexuality, Shu-Te University (Taiwan)
Purpose: Men with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) are associated with a high risk for erectile dysfunction (ED) as well as low
testosterone levels. The study investigated the risk factors for hypogonadism in men with DM associated with erectile
dysfunction (DMED).
Methods and Materials: Men presented with the complaint of ED and a history of DM at urological outpatient clinics were
enrolled into the study. Blood sampling for serum total testosterone (T) and HbA1c were determined. Diabetic history
included duration of DM (yrs), treatment agents (hypoglycemic agents or insulin injection) and the presence of
complications (retinopathy, vasculopathy, nephropathy and neuropathy). Demographic data included age, body mass
index (BMI), and smoking habits. Comorbidities included hypertension and dyslipidemia by self-report and chart review.
Erectile dysfunction was assessed by the Sexual Health Inventory for Men (SHIM). Low T was defined as total T < 300
ng/dL. Student’s t test, χ2 test, linear regression and logistic regression were used and the significant was for P < 0.05.
Results: From June 2006 to June 2011, a total of 286 DMED patients were enrolled into the study and were eligible for
analysis. Their mean age was 58.8 В± 11.2 yrs (21-85); mean duration of DM, 7.7 В± 1.2 yrs (0.1-40); and mean total T, 360 В±
150 ng/dL (0.2-9.0). Of them, 43% (123/286) had low T. The low T group had a higher HbA1c level (8.6% vs. 8.2%, P =
0.040) than the eugonadal group whereas there is no significant difference in the prevalence of comorbidities and severity
of ED between the two groups. The odds ratio for low T in DMED men increases by 0.17 (95% CI: 0.02-0.34) per 1
increment of HbA1c (%) level (P = 0.030).
Conclusion: Poor glycemic control is a risk factor for low T in men with ED associated with type 2 DM.
112
OP12
SERUM TOTAL TESTOSTERONE LEVELS IN MEN WITH ERECTILE DYSFUNCTION
1
Bang-Ping Jiann , Yung-Jui Huang
2
1
Department of Medical Education and Research Kaohsiung Veterans General Hospital (Taiwan)
2
Graduate School of Human Sexuality, Shu-Te University (Taiwan)
Purpose: Several studies have evaluated the beneficial effects of testosterone supplement in hypogonadal men who failed
to respond to a phosphodiesterase-5 inhibitor. The value of routine screening for testosterone deficiency syndrome (TDS)
in men with erectile dysfunction (ED) remains controversial.
Methods: Male subjects aged over 40 years presenting to urological outpatient clinics with ED were screened for TDS from
2004 to May 2011. TDS was defined as serum total testosterone (TT) < 300 ng/dL by one sampling, mostly in afternoon
without fasting. Demographic data (age, body mass index, and smoking habit) and comorbidities were recorded at the time
of screening. Comorbidities included diabetes mellitus (DM), hypertension (HT), dyslipidemia (total cholesterol >240 or
triglycerides >200 mg/dL), and cardiovascular events (angiographically documented coronary artery disease, acute
myocardial infarction, transient ischemic attack, stroke or peripheral arterial occlusive disease). Subjects with a history of
prostate cancer, radical pelvic surgery, endocrinopathy (except DM), liver cirrhosis and chronic renal insufficiency were
excluded. Control group comprised of 206 adults without ED from another study.
Results: A total of 906 ED patients had TT levels with response rate 46.3% (906/1,958). Compared with the controls, the
ED patients was older in age (57.0 vs. 52.6 yrs) and had a higher prevalence of DM (38.3 vs. 6.3%), HT (40.3 vs. 23.8%),
hyperlipidemia (36.6 vs. 27.7%), TD (36.8 vs. 5.3%) and a lower TT level (374 vs. 550 ng/dl) (all P < 0.05). Having DM, HT,
hyperlipidemia, or a higher BMI (≧24 kg/m2) was associated with a lower TT levels in ED patients. The odds ratio for ED
men with a higher BMI, DM and HT to have TDS was 1.88 (95% CI: 1.25-2.83), 1.77 (95% CI: 1.28-2.44) and 1.53 (95% CI
1.11-2.12) (all P < 0.05), respectively using logistic regression.
Conclusions: The ED patients have a significantly lower TT levels than the controls. Low testosterone levels in ED patients
are attributed to obesity, DM, and HT.
113
OP13
KARYOTYPING OF AZOOSPERMIC MALES
1
1,2
1,2
Wei-Ming Cheng , William JS Huang , Alex TL Lin , Kuang-Kuo Chen
1,2
1
Division of Urology, Department of Surgery, Taipei Veterans General Hospital (Taiwan)
2
Department of Urology, School of Medicine, National Yang-Ming University (Taiwan)
Purpose: Chromosomal abnormality is one of the causes of male infertility. It is seen more frequently in azoospermic, and
severe oligozoopsermic patients with unknown etiology. These patients were usually candidates of assisted reproduction
techniques (ART). In present study, we analyzed the karyotyping patterns of infertile males with azoospermia or severe
oligozoospermia, and their associated clinical characteristics.
Materials and methods: We retrospective reviewed patients’ log of 370 infertile males with nonobstructive azoospermia
(NOA), or severe oligozoospermia from January 2004 to March 2011. Their physical examination findings, hormone
profiles were also collected for analysis.
Results: Seventy (18.9%) out of the 370 men were identified to have abnormal karyotyping other than 46 XY. Among these
70 patients, 48 (68.6%) were with NOA, 14 (20%) were oligozoospermia, 4 (10.3%) were ductal obstruction, 1 (10%) was
normal semen analysis. Among all azoospermic men, those with abnormal karyotyping had significantly higher levels in
FSH (P= 0.0007) and LH (P < 0.0001); lower in prolactin (P= 0.047) and testosterone (P < 0.0001), and smaller testes
volumes (P < 0.0001). Among all patients with abnormal karyotypes, men with NOA had significantly higher FSH (P <
0.0001), higher LH (P= 0.0004), lower prolactin (P= 0.03) levels, and smaller testes volumes (P= 0.0001), comparing with
oligozoospermic and obstructive azoospermic patients. There was no difference among three groups when it comes to
serum testosterone (P= 0.085). 47 XXY was the most common abnormal karyotype among azoospermic patients (n= 31,
66.0%), followed by sex chromosome mosaicism (n= 5, 10.4%) and other sex chromosome abnormalities (n= 4, 8.3%).
Sex chromosome anomalies were identified in 5 patients (35.7%), and inversion was associated with 4 patients (28.6%),
especially inv(9) (21.4%). Der(13, 14)(10p, 10q) was noticed in 2 patients (14.3%). In 25 patients with concomitant
varicoceles, 6 have mosaic sex chromosome karyotyping (24%), 20% patients have abnormal karyotyping involving
chromosome 9 (inv(9) in 3 patients, t(Y, 9) in 1 patient, and t(5, 9) in 1 patient), and 12% were Klinefelter syndrome.
Conclusion: The high incidence of chromosomal anomalies in infertile males with NOA suggests the need for routine
genetic testing and counseling in these patients, especially when certain hormonal characteristics were reported. Specific
cytogenetic abnormalities or chromosome loci might be worth of further investigation to discover their possible relationship
with infertility.
114
OP14
THE CORRELATION OF GR/GR Y CHROMOSOME MICRODELETION AND AZOOSPERMIC INFERTILITY
1
1
1
1
1
1
To Chang , Wiliam J.S. Huang , Shin Lee , Yu-Chi Che , Alex T.L. Lin , Kuang-Kuo Chen
1
Division of Urology, Department of Surgery, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, and Department of Urology, School of
Medicine, National Yang-Ming University (Taiwan)
Purpose: The phenotypic effects of the gr/gr partial azoospermia factor (AZF) c deletion vary geographically. We evaluated
the clinical characteristics of subfertile Taiwanese men with the gr/gr deletion.
Materials and Methods:
We retrospectively reviewed the clinical data on 371 infertile men tested for the gr/gr deletion.
We collected sperm count, hormone profile, and the outcome of microdissection testicular sperm extraction (MD-TESE)
regarding gr/gr status and analyzed with Chi-square and Fisher’s exact tests. Normozoospermia, oligozoospermia, and
severe oligospermia were defined as ≥ 20 million/ ml, 5 to 20 million/ ml, and < 5 million/ ml respectively.
Results:
Among the 27 infertile men with gr/gr deletions, 12 had azoospermia (5.5% of 217 azoospermia), 6 had severe
oligozoospermia (8.5% of 71), 5 had oligozoospermia (13.2% of 38), and 3 had normozoospermia (7.7% of 39). The
percentage of azoospermia/severe oligozoospermia/oligozoospermia/normozoospermia in patients with gr/gr deletion was
11.5%/19.2%/23.1%/46.2%, respectively. A gr/gr deletion correlated well with greater amount of sperm production. The
gr/gr deletion rate was lowest in men with azoospermia and was highest in those with oligozoospermia (P= 0.031).
MD-TESE was done in 4 azoospermic men with gr/gr deletion but none were found to have sperm. The average sperm
retrieval rate of MD-TESE in our institute was 42.9% for the past five years.
Conclusions:
In our limited data, gr/gr deletion seemed to be a poor prognostic factor for successful sperm retrieval,
although we didn’t confirm gr/gr deletion to predict impaired sperm production in general population in Taiwan. Despite the
established modulatory impact of the gr/gr deletion on sperm production in some populations at this time, the clinical value
of testing infertile Taiwanese men for the gr/gr deletion is not clear yet.
115
OP15
TRANSURETHRAL SEMINAL VESICULOSCOPY FOR EVALUATION AND MANAGEMENT OF PERSISTENT AND
RECURRENT HEMOSPERMIA: A PRELIMINARY STUDY
1
1
1
1
2
2
1
1
Heng-Jun Xiao , Xiao-Peng Liu , Hao Zhang , Yan Zhang , Jun Chen , Bin Zhang , Xiang-Fu Zhou , Xin Gao
1
Department of Urology, the Third Affiliated Hospital of SUN Yat-sen Universit (China)
2
Department of infertility & sexual medicine, the Third Affiliated Hospital of SUN Yat-sen University (China)
Introduction: Hemospermia is a common and disconcerting condition in young males. Just most patients with
hemospermia require only basic investigations and may be managed expectantly as it is slight and self-limited. However, in
a few patients, it may be recur or persist and produce a lot of anxiety to the patient and his partner. The dilemma now is
how far to treat them. This study was to assess a novel diagnostic and therapeutic technique for persistent and recurrent
hemospermia.
Objectives: To describe our novel technique of transutricular seminal vesiculoscopy for evaluation and management of
persistent and recurrent hemospermia. Methods: The clinical data of eight patients with a course of 6 to 48 months’ (mean
12 months) hemospermia, who were underwent by transurethral seminal vesiculoscopy from 2008 Sep in our department,
were analyzed retrospectively and literatures were reviewed. The age ranged from 26 to 55 years (mean 42). The
hemospermia were not cured by medical treatment or any other physical therapy. All of eight patients presented persistent
or recurrent hemospermia. The definite etiologies of persistent and recurrent haemospermia were excluded by physical
examination including blood pressure measurement and digital rectal examination, blood PSA and clotting time, and
further imaging investigation such as TRUS, CT or MRI. The ejaculatory duct and seminal vesicle were conducted to
observe under direct vision through the distal seminal tracts using a 7F rigid ureteroscope. Results: Transurethral seminal
vesiculoscopy was successfully performed in the 8 cases and the mean operative time was 35 min (range 20-75). Eight
patients were confirmed by transurethral seminal vesiculoscopy (five seminal vesiculitis, two seminal stone and one vas
deferens obstruction). There were no complications including injury of urethra, ejaculatory duct and seminal vesicle. None
of them presented postoperative discomforts in the perineal region or reproductive tract infections. The mean follow-up
period was 10 months (range 3-24). Hemospermia in 7 cases disappeared and 1 patient recurred in 9 month after
receiving transurethral seminal vesiculoscopy. Conclusions: Transurethral seminal vesiculoscopy could be an effective
diagnostic and therapeutic approach to persistent and recurrent hemospermia as it is performed easily using slender rigid
ureteroscopy with minimal complications.
116
OP16
LAPAROENDOSCOPICSINGLE-SITE ASSISTED MALE-TO-FEMALE SURGERY
1
1
1
Abai Xu , Chunxiao Liu , Shaobo Zheng
1
Department of Urology, Zhujiang Hospital, Southern Medical University (China)
Purpose: To report laparoendoscopic single site (LESS) assisted male-to-female (MtF) genital sexual reassignment
surgery (SRS) in 4 cases.
Materials and methods: Between July and Jun 2011, 4 adolescents were diagnosed of male pseudohermaphroditism with
bilateral undescended testes, and perineal hypospadias was found in two cases. Chromosomes analyses confirmed each
their genetic gender was male, but their social and psychological gender characteristics were female undoubtedly. After
thorough discussion with themselves and their parents, they decided to maintain their current gender identity as girls. After
got the approval of local ethical committee, we performed MtF transsexual surgery with laparoendoscopic single site
technique. After a 3 cm periumbilical curved incision was made, the homemade single port was inserted, following
resection of bilateral cryptorchidism. Sigmoid vaginoplasty and perineoplasty were performed in two perineal hypospadias
cases without vagina.
Results: LESS assisted transsexual were successfully performed without morbidity. Mean operative time was 127 minutes,
and mean estimated blood loss was 52.8 ml. Neither conversion to open or laparoscopic surgery nor blood transfusion was
needed. All 4 patients were discharged home on postoperative day 10. The periumbilical incisions were nearly invisible 1
month postoperatively. Hormone therapy was under way according to endocrinologist’s guidance.
Conclusion: Laparoendoscopic single-site assisted Male-to-female transsexual surgery for male pseudohermaphroditism
was safe and feasible, and gained satisfactory cosmetic results. LESS assisted SRS might be alternative option to
selected male pseudohermaphroditism patients.
117
OP17
OUTCOMES OF MUTLI-OPERATION FOR INTERSEX PATIENTS: A REPORT OF 18 CASES
1
1
1
1
Hui Zhu , Yun Long , Yongyan Cui , Lida Zhuang , Junjun He
1
1
Department of Plastic Surgery, Peking University Shenzhen Hospital (China)
Purpose: To summarize the application of multi-operation for intersex patients.
Materials and methods: Before operation the patients’ diagnoses had all been confirmed by physical examinations,
endocrinological lab work, cytogenetic analysis (chromosome karyotype and SRY gene), ultrasound examination and
biopsy; MRI scan might be taken when necessary. The main procedures including gonad removal were performed either
by cryptorchidectomy or oophorectomy. External genitoplasty had been performed such as phalloplasty, metoidioplasty,
clitoroplasty, labioplasty, vaginal reconstruction, and other vulvoplasty as well if needed. Certain additional cosmetic
procedures were applied to improve the patient’s secondary male or female characteristics. All patients should have
long-term replacement of hormones, and original disease treatment after operation.
Results: From April 2004 to March 2008, 18 intersex patients were treated with multi-operation method. Among these
cases, 8 were female pseudohermaphrodism, of which 7 underwent feminizing operations and 1 masculine operation, 9
were male pseudohermaphrodism, 6 of which underwent feminizing operations and 3 masculine operations, 1 was true
hermaphrodism and underwent feminizing operation. By postoperative follow-up for 4 to 36 monthsпј€14 casesпј‰, 2 of the
patients had married, 6 had steady sex partners. Results showed that patients were satisfied with their gender appearance
including genitalia and secondary sex characteristics, those with sex partners could achieve successful sexual intercourse.
Compared with pre-operation, patients found that their gender assignments were more clearly identified, and their quality
of life (QoL) significantly improved
Conclusion: The main treatment for intersex patients is Gender Assignment or Re-assignment Surgery according to the
desire of the patients. Important contributing factors include comprehensive pre-operation examination, proper treatment
planning, and precise plastic surgery techniques.
118
OP18
COMPARISON OF TRANSRECTAL ULTRASONOGRAPHY BETWEEN POTENT BENIGN PROSTATIC HYPERPLASIA
PATIENTS WITH AND WITHOUT ERECTILE DYSFUNCTION AFTER TRANSURETHRAL RESECTION OF PROSTATE
1,2
Shiou-Sheng Chen
1
Division of Urology, Taipei City Hospital Renai Branch (Taiwan)
2
School of Medicine, National Yang-Ming University (Taiwan)
Purpose: To assess in a prospective study the use of variables, presumed circle area ratio (PCAR), resistive index (RI) and
maximal horizontal area of seminal vesicle (MHA), for evaluating the differences between potent benign prostatic
hyperplasia (BPH) patients with and without erectile dysfunction (ED) after transurethral resection of prostate (TURP).
Materials and methods: Between August 2004 and November 2010, 98 potent men (mean age 63.1 years, range 54-75)
with symptomatic BPH were included for evaluation. Transrectal power Doppler ultrasonography (TRS) was done before
and 12 months after TURP for all the patients. PCAR is the ratio of the area of the maximum horizontal section of the
prostate by TRS to the area of a presumed circle of which the circumference is equal to the circumference of the maximum
horizontal section (to evaluate how closely the shape of the section approaches a circle). RI is to detect the blood flow in
the prostate by TRS. Five-item version of the International Index of Erectile Function (IIEF-5) was used for evaluation of
sexual function before and after TURP in all the patients.
Results: Of the 98 patients (IIEF-5: 21.2 В± 3.5, before TURP), 17 (17.3 %) had ED (IIEF-5: 10.2 В± 3.2) after TURP. The
IIEF-5 was 20.2 В± 3.1 for the other 81 subjects without ED after TURP. No significant difference of age between the
patients with and without ED after TURP (61.8 В± 7.5 vs. 63.9 В± 8.3 years). Patients who had ED after TURP had
significantly lower PCAR, RI and MHA and than those without ED (0.67 В± 0.04 vs. 0.89 В± 0.06; 0.59 В± 0.04 vs. 0.77 В± 0.08;
4.7 В± 1.5 vs. 7.5 В± 2.3, respectively).
Conclusion: Potent BPH patients who had ED after TURP had lower PCAR, RI and MHA than those without ED after TURP
In other words, more extended TURP might induce higher incidence of ED in potent BPH patients after TURP.
119
OP19
THE COMPARISON OF THE AGING MALE SYMPTOMS (AMS) SCALE AND ANDROGEN DEFICIENCY IN THE
AGING MALE (ADAM) QUESTIONNAIRE TO DETECT ANDROGEN DEFICIENCY IN AGING TAIWANESE MEN
1
1,2
1,3
1,2
1,3
1,2,4
Kuang-Shun Chueh , Shu-Pin Huang , Yung-Chin Lee , Chii-Jye Wang , Hsin-Chih Yeh , Wei-Ming Li
1,2,5
Wu
1
1
1
1,2
, Wen-Jeng
1,4
, Yueh-Fong Tsai Chia-Chun Tsai , Hsu-Cheng Juan , Chun-Hsiung Huang , Chia-Chu Liu
1
Department of Urology, Kaohsiung Medical University Hospital, Kaohsiung Medical University (Taiwan)
2
Department of Urology, Faculty of Medicine, College of Medicine, Kaohsiung Medical University (Taiwan)
3
Graduate Institute of Medicine, Kaohsiung Medical University (Taiwan)
4
Pingtung Hospital, Department of Health, Executive Yuan (Taiwan)
5
Department of Urology, Kaohsiung Municipal Hsiao-Kang Hospital (Taiwan)
Purpose: To compare the AMS scale and ADAM questionnaire to detect androgen deficiency in aging Taiwanese men.
Materials and methods:
In April 2008, a free health screening was conducted by Kaohsiung Medical University Hospital.
All participants completed a health questionnaire and had blood samples drawn between 8:00 and 12:00 AM. Serum total
testosterone (TT), albumin, and sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG) levels were measured. The level of free
testosterone (FT) was calculated. Clinical symptoms suspected of androgen deficiency were screened by using the AMS
scale and ADAM questionnaire. Androgen deficiency was defined as TT < 300 ng/dl or both TT < 300 ng/dl and FT < 5
ng/dl.
Results: In total, 339 men were included in the final analysis with the mean age of 54.6 В± 4.9 years (range: 47-65 years).
Androgen deficiency was found in 75 men (22.1%) based on the criteria of TT < 300 ng/dl, and 54 men (15.9%) based on
the criteria of TT < 300 ng/dl and FT < 5 ng/dl. When detecting participants with both TT < 300 ng/dl and FT < 5 ng/dl, the
sensitivity and specificity of the AMS scale were 57.4% and 48.1%, compared to 66.7% and 25.6% of the ADAM
questionnaire.
Conclusion: In a sample of aging Taiwanese men, neither AMS scale nor ADAM questionnaire had sufficient sensitivity and
specificity to detect androgen deficiency. In addition to using those two screening instruments, a thorough physical and
biochemical work-up should still be conducted in patients at risk or suspected of androgen deficiency.
120
OP20
RISK OF ERECTILE DYSFUNCTION IN TYPE 2 DIABETIC MEN WITH ALBUMINURIA
1
2
2,3
1
3
4
Yao-Chi Chuang , Min-Shen Chung , Pei-Wen Wang , Wei-Chia Lee , Chung-Dar Chen , Hsueh-Wen Chang , Kuender
5
6
2
D. Yang , Michael B. Chancello , Rue-Tsuan Liu
1
Division of Urology, Kaohsiung Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Chang Gung University College of Medicine (Taiwan)
2
Division of Metabolism, Kaohsiung Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Chang Gung University College of Medicine (Taiwan)
3
Department of Nuclear Medicine, Kaohsiung Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Chang Gung University College of
Medicine (Taiwan)
4
5
Department of Biological Sciences, National Sun Yat-Sen University (Taiwan)
Department of Medical Research, Kaohsiung Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Chang Gung University College of
Medicine (Taiwan)
6
Department of Urology, Oakland University William Beaumont School of Medicine, Royal Oak, (United States)
Purpose: Erectile dysfunction (ED) is a frequent comorbidity in diabetic men, and is frequently overlooked in routine clinical
evaluation. Albuminuria is a marker of endothelial dysfunction and may link to ED. The study evaluated the association of
albuminuria, and risk factors of ED in men with type 2 diabetes at a diabetic center.
Materials and methods: The diagnosis of ED was based on a self –administered questionnaire containing Sexual Health
Inventory for Men. Urinary albumin excretion rate was determined by urine albumin-to-creatinine ratio (UACR) in spot urine.
The clinical variables, and diabetes associated complications to risk of ED were evaluated.
Results: Of 455 consecutive patients, 82.0%, 28.1%, and 35.8% reported having ED, severe ED, and albuminuria,
respectively. The UACR level was significantly higher in ED (0.20В± 0.83) and severe ED (0.34В±1.18) groups compared to
non ED group (0.07В± 0.33). The presence of albuminuria adjusted for age and duration of diabetes was significantly
associated with ED (OR=2.76), and macroalbuminuria has stronger impact (OR= 4.49) than microalbuminuria (OR= 2.48).
The other associated risk factors included hypertension, higher level of systolic BP, lower level of serum hemoglobin, and
estimated GFR. The presence of retinopathy, neuropathy, and higher level of HbA1c further correlated with severe ED.
Total testosterone level, hsCRP level, and the presence of metabolic syndrome were not risk factors.
Albuminuria
Hypertension (%)
Systolic BP (mmHg)
2
eGFR (ml/min/1.73 m )
Hemoglobin (g/dL)
Albumin (mg/dL)
Normal albuminuria
Microalbuminuria
Macroalbuminuria
OR of ED (95% CI)
2.76 (1.46-5.21)
1.98 (1.98-1.13)
1.02 (1.01-1.04)
0.99 (0.97-1.0)
0.83 (0.69-0.99)
0.31 (0.11-0.85)
P value
0.002
0.017
0.007
0.035
0.039
0.022
OR of ED (95% CI)
1.0
P value
2.48 (1.26-4.88)
0.008
OR of severe ED (95% CI)
1.0
2.87 (1.26-6.53)
4.49 (1.01-20.00)
0.049
10.21 (1.94 - 53.58)
P value
0.006
0.012
Conclusion: Albuminuria is the most important independent risk factor of ED in diabetic men after adjustment of age and
DM duration. Identification and control of albuminuria, and other associated risk factors might play a role in early diagnosis
and treatment of ED.
121
OP21
CLINICAL EVALUATION FOR ERECTILE DYSFUNCTION IN MEN UNDER 40 YEARS OLD
1
Bang-Ping Jiann , Yung-Jui Huang
2
1
Department of Medical Education and Research Kaohsiung Veterans General Hospital (Taiwan)
2
Graduate School of Human Sexuality, Shu-Te University (Taiwan)
Purpose: Erectile dysfunction (ED) is a common medical condition in men over 40 years old and is attributed mainly to
organic factors. ED in men under 40 years old is relatively less common and is believed mainly due to psychological
problems. We report the results of clinical evaluation for ED in men under 40 years old.
Methods and Materials: ED men ( < 40 y/o) presented at urological outpatients clinics were enrolled into the study. Clinical
evaluation involves detailed sexual history (marital status, early morning erection, history of masturbation and onset of
disease), physical examination, demographic data (body mass index) and history of substance abuse (illicit drugs, smoking
and alcohol consumption). Comorbidities were assessed by self-report of diabetes, hypertension and dyslipidemia.
Laboratory studies include blood sampling for SMA-12 and total testosterone (TT) levels and penile Doppler study with
injection of prostaglandin E1 20Ојg. Evaluation for psychological stress was accomplished by 7-item dichotomized
questions. Erectile function was assessed by the Sexual Health Inventory for Men (SHIM).
Results: A total of 235 eligible patients were enrolled into study from Jun. 2006 to Jul. 2011. Mean age was 31.8 В± 5.1 yrs
(18-39) and 70% (164/235) of them were older than 30 yrs. ED severity was mild in 37.3%, mild to moderate in 17.3%,
moderate in 4.5% and severe in 2.7%. About one third of men reported to have normal early morning erections or normal
erection upon masturbation, 25.6% have premature ejaculation, 33.8% were current smokers and 2.8% had a history of
illicit drug abuse. Obesity (BMI ≧27kg/m2) was found in 22.1% of all patients and hypogonadism (TT < 300 ng/dL) in
16.1%. Hypertension and diabetes was reported in 6.4% and 3.4%, respectively. Penile Doppler study reported normal in
60.4% (93/154) and abnormal in 61 (154) and there is no significant difference in the demographic data and the variables
between them. Psychological screening revealed that all had at least one positive answer with one positive in 81.0%
(189/233) and 2 positives in 17.2% (40/233).
Conclusion: Besides having psychological stress, organic factors, such as vascular disorders, smoking, obesity,
hypogonadism, and dyslipidemia were commonly found in men with ED younger than 40 years.
122
OP22
THE EFFECT OF CIRCUMCISION ON YOUNG ADULT SEXUAL FUNCTION
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
Ming-Hsin Yang , Chih-Wei Tsao , En Meng , Sheng-Tang Wu , Guang-Huan Sun , Dah-Shyong Yu , Sun-Yran Chang ,
1
Tai-Lung Cha
1
Division of Urology, Department of Surgery, Tri-Service General Hospital (Taiwan)
Objective: Whether sexual function is affected by circumcision is a subject of considerable debate among advocates and
opponents of circumcision. We analyze the sexual function results of young men between the uncircumcised and
circumcised states.
Methods: From January 2009 to June 2010, 277 patients who received circumcision at the Urology Section in the
Tri-Service General Hospital were enrolled. Before circumcision, their sexual performance was evaluated as the
international index of erectile function-5 (IIEF-5) and the Brief Male Sexual Function Inventory (BMSFI) scores. The IIEF-5
and BMSFI scores were repeated after a postoperative interval of 90 days. The scores in five main domains of the BMSFI
and IIEF before and after circumcision were analyzed.
Results: A total of 210 patients were available for follow up. The mean age of subjects was 26.44В±6.06 years (range 19-35
years). Indications for circumcision included phimosis in 35.7% of cases, personal hygiene in 14.8%, cosmetics in 15.7%,
request by sexual partners in 11.9%, pain when erection in 5.2%, balanitis in 4.3%, ... etc. The differences in the BMSFI
scores were statistically significant (p= 0.003), especially in increasing sexual drive after circumcision (p < 0.001). Besides
the IIEF-5 score showed no statistically difference before and after circumcision (p= 0.29), however the subjects had more
confidence of erection after circumcision (p < 0.001) and slightly increase the difficulty to maintain erection to completion of
intercourse (p=0.042).
Conclusion: Our findings may help urologists better counsel men who receive circumcision as adults. The sexual
performance after circumcision seems improved, especially in the sexual drive and mental confidence of erection.
123
OP23
MEDICAL COMORBIDITY ASSOCIATED WITH ERECTILE DYSFUNCTION: A POPULATION-BASED STUDY
1
Wei-Che Wu , Shiu-Dong Chung
1,2,3
4,5
, Kuan-Ming Chiu , Herng-Ching Lin
3
1
Division of Urology, Department of Surgery, Far Eastern Memorial Hospital (Taiwan)
2
Graduate Institute of Clinical Medicine, College of Medicine, National Taiwan University (Taiwan)
3
School of Health Care Administration, Taipei Medical University (Taiwan)
4
Division of Cardiovascular Surgery, Cardiovascular Center, Far Eastern Memorial Hospital (Taiwan)
5
Department of Eldercare, Oriental Institute of Technology (Taiwan)
Introduction: Erectile dysfunction (ED) is usually associated with systemic disorders. However, data regarding the
prevalence of medical comorbidities among men in Eastern or Western countries with ED remains sparse.
Aim: To analyze the prevalence and risk of 37 medical comorbidities in patients with ED compared with the general
population.
Methods: A total of 2,453 patients with ED and 12,265 matching controls were selected for analysis from the Taiwan
National Health Insurance Research Dataset, 2000. We chose 22 comorbidities from the Elixhauser Comorbidity index, 10
highly prevalent medical conditions in an Asian population and 5 male gender-specific comorbidities for analysis.
Main outcome measurement: Conditional logistic regression analyses conditioned on age group and monthly income were
performed to investigate the risk of various comorbidities for patients with and without ED, after adjusting for geographic
region and level of urbanization of the patient’s community.
Results: Patients with ED were at increased risk for multiple systemic comorbidities. Conditional regression analyses
showed that compared to patients without it, patients with ED had higher odds of alcohol abuse (OR=3.58), drug abuse
(OR=2.34), ankylosing spondylitis (OR=2.23), peripheral vascular disorder (OR=2.18), psychoses (OR=2.04), depression
(OR=1.97), ischemic heart disease (OR=1.94), uncomplicated diabetes (OR=1.92), complicated diabetes (OR=1.89),
comorbid hyperlipidemia (OR=1.68), hepatitis B or C (OR=1.68), hypertension (OR=1.57), chronic pulmonary disease
(OR=1.56), cardiac arrhythmias (OR=1.55), renal failure (OR=1.50) and stroke (OR=1.41).
Conclusion: The results show that patients with ED have a higher prevalence of multiple non-cardiovascular comorbidities
than the general population in Taiwan. The results provide epidemiological data for comorbidities among men in an Asian
population with ED.
124
OP24
ERECTILE DYSFUNCTION SHOCK WAVE THERAPY- A NEW TREATMENT MODALITY IN THE MANAGEMENT OF
ERECTILE DYSFUNCTION: PATIENT SELECTION AND OPTIMIZING STRATEGIES
1
2
Vasan Satya Srini , Srinivas B.V
1
DNB- UROLOGY, Director and Head of Department Andrology, Ankur Health Care Private Limited (India)
2
MS- General Surgery, Fellow Andrology, Ankur Health Care Private Limited (India)
Purpose: Erectile Dysfunction Shockwave Therapy (EDSWT) has brought new hope in the management of Erectile
Dysfunction. Its role in treatment of ED has not been established to date, however its application in different medical
disciplines to treat various organ dysfunction owing to its property of neovascularisation has proved its worth. Our objective
was to evaluate the efficacy of EDSWT on men with erectile dysfunction (ED), to analyze its effect on various subgroups
and predict the indications of the usage of EDSWT.
Materials and methods:
We conducted a double- blind randomized placebo controlled study at a single tertiary andrology
hospital setting. A total of 112 patients diagnosed to have arteriogenic erectile dysfunction who had International Index of
Erectile Function ED (IIEF-ED) domain scores between 3 and 18 (average: 8.25) and abnormal nocturnal penile
tumescence (NPT) parameters were enrolled for the study after obtaining written consent. 29 patients were lost for follow
up. 83 patients completed the study with a follow up period of 12 months. The study group were divided into 3 groups, the
first group comprised of 26 patients who had responded to oral phosphodiesterase type 5 inhibitors (PDE5-I)
prior to the
study, the second group comprised 32 patients of non responders to PDE5-I and rest 25 formed patients who had not been
on any therapy for ED before. Shockwave therapy comprised two treatment sessions per week for 3 weeks, which were
repeated after a 3 week no-treatment interval.
Assessment of erectile function was performed objectively by Doppler
ultrasound examination. Follow up assessments with IIEF- ED questionnaire and doppler ultrasound examinations were
done at 6 and 12 months periods.
Results: We evaluated 83 middle-aged men (average age: 39.5 yr) with arteriogenic ED (mean duration: 2.08 years).
Among the 83 patients, 51 of them had co-morbidities. 27 had Diabetes mellitus, 26 had hypertension and 12 had
hypercholesterolemia. At 6 months of follow-up period, significant increases in IIEF-ED domain scores were recorded in all
men (23.30В±3.37 vs 7.85В±2.68, p < 0.001); these remained unchanged after 12 months. Significant increases in the
duration of erection and penile rigidity were also recorded.
Doppler ultrasound study objectively recorded the
improvement in penile blood flow parameters in terms of peak systolic velocity, end diastolic velocity, vessel wall
circumference, vessel wall thickness, pulsatality index, resistivity index. 14 out of 26(53.85%) patients belonging to PDE5-I
responders group required no more therapy. 22 out of 32(68.75%) patients belonging to PDE5-I nonresponders group
improved among which 9(28.12%) required no more therapy and rest (71.88%) required phosphodiesterase type 5
inhibitors during follow up. No adverse events were noted during procedure and in follow-up.
Conclusion: This is the first study in literature that assessed the efficacy of EDSWT for ED based on both subjective and
objective evidence. The treatment has shown promising results in its efficacy of improvement of erectile function and the
fact that the effects were natural, long lasting and
measurable improvement gives a hope in attainment of a possible cure
to Erectile dysfunction which no other therapy has been able to provide to date. Similar studies with larger number and
longer follow-up needs to be evaluated to establish the definite role of EDSWT in the management of ED.
125
OP25
CURRENT
STATUS
AND
STRATEGY
FOR
COUNTERFEIT
ERECTILE
DYSFUNCTION
MEDICATION
(PHOSPHODIESTERASE TYPE 5 INHIBITORS) IN JAPAN: A FOUR-COMPANY SPONSORED SURVEY ON DRUGS
OBTAINED VIA THE INTERNET
1
2
2
3
4
Ken Marumo , Nobuhisa Ishii , Minoru Sugita , Koichi Nagao , Haruaki Sasaki
1
Department of Urology, Tokyo Dental College, Ichikawa General Hospital (Japan)
2
Toho University (Japan)
3
Department of Urology, Toho University School of Medicine (Japan)
4
Department of Urology, Showa University Fujigaoka Hospital (Japan)
Purpose: Counterfeit medication is a dangerous and growing problem. This consumer survey assessed awareness and
behavior with regard to the counterfeit medicine threat in Japanese men who purchased medications for erectile
dysfunction (ED) through hospitals compared with those who purchased via the Internet.
Methods: Nationwide online surveys were conducted in Japanese men aged ≥30 years. Men were required to have used
medication for the treatment of ED and to have purchased ED medication between July 2010 and the time of the survey
(February/March 2011). Proportions were reported; no statistical testing was performed.
Results: Of 804 participating men, 288 purchased medication only at hospitals and 276 made purchases using only the
Internet. Hospital and Internet purchasers averaged 50.1 and 49.7 years of age, respectively. 97.2% of hospital purchasers
and 97.5% of Internet purchasers agreed that there are counterfeit ED medications on the Internet. Internet purchasers
believed that the average proportion of counterfeit ED medication on the Internet was 42.0% versus 55.5% for hospital
purchasers. More hospital than Internet purchasers believed that the proportion of counterfeit ED medication on the
Internet exceeds 50% (73.6% vs 52.5%, respectively). 87.7% of Internet purchasers believed that their most recently
purchased ED medication was genuine. More hospital than Internet purchasers believed that they could not distinguish
genuine ED medication from counterfeits (95.1% vs 75.4%, respectively); 85.1% and 72.1% believed that ED medications
purchased via the Internet could be counterfeit even if they worked. After purchasing ED medications via the Internet,
14.9% of Internet purchasers began receiving direct mail and 17.8% began receiving spam E-mail; credit card information
was stolen from 3 individuals and 2 began to receive magazines. Internet purchasers received a greater number of tablets
per transaction than hospital purchasers (19.6 vs 7.6 tablets, respectively). Top concerns regarding the risks of counterfeit
medications for hospital purchasers were that ingredients are not guaranteed (84% agreement), that manufacturing might
occur in a less-than-hygienic manner (69%), and that the product might not work (68%); top concerns for Internet
purchasers were lack of guaranteed ingredients (34%), the possibility of personal information being leaked (28%), and
unhygienic manufacturing (27%). Among Internet purchasers, 42.8% reported side effects from Internet-purchased ED
medications, most commonly headache (41.5%), flushing (40.7%), nasal congestion (18.6%), and palpitations (16.1%);
90.7% did not do anything about these side effects (5.1% used an over-the-counter medication, 2.5% talked to a friend,
and 1.7% cited “other” actions). After experiencing these side effects, 69.5% of Internet purchasers continued to purchase
from the same website (18.6% switched websites) and 9.3% stopped using ED medication.
Conclusion: Awareness of the possibility of counterfeit medications on the Internet was high in both hospital-only and
Internet-only ED medication purchasers. However, Internet-only (versus hospital-only) purchasers believed that a smaller
proportion of ED medication available on the Internet is counterfeit and 88% believed that their most recent
Internet-purchased ED medication was genuine. Internet purchasers were generally less concerned about the risks
associated with Internet-purchased ED medication and did not often change their behavior even after experiencing side
effects.
126
OP26
MORE PSYCHOGENIC OR MORE ORGANIC? A MULTICENTRAL INVESTIGATION OF ERECTILE DYSFUNCTON
ETIOLOGY IN CLINIC OUTPATIENTS IN CHINA
1
1
1
1
Yuxin Tang , Xianzhen Jiang , Leyeo He , Dongjie Li
1
Department of Urology, Third Xiangya Hospital, Central South University (China)
Purpose: To assess the primary etiology composition and age structure of erectile dysfunction (ED) in men visiting
outpatient clinics in China.
Materials and methods:
Primary etiologies of 3327 consecutive ED patients (mean age 38.25 years) were identified using
various diagnostic tools in the urology/andrology clinics of five hospitals. All of these subjects complained of the inability to
achieve and/or maintain erection of sufficient rigidity and duration to permit satisfactory sexual performance. Severity of ED
was evaluated with the simplified International Index of Erectile Function (IIEF-5). Patients underwent independent
evaluations by an experienced urologist or andrologist. Their diagnostic steps and classification were based on EAU
guidelines on erectile dysfunction (update March 2005). They judged the most primary cause on the basis of history taking,
physical examination, psychological evaluation, laboratory testing, and even specific tests. Spearman correlations were
used to assess the association between IIEF and age; two samples’IIEF scores were evaluated using an Wilcoxon rank
sum test; multiple samples were evaluated using an Kruskal-Wallis H test. The association between different ranked datas
(severity of ED vs age group) was investigated using Kendall’s tau-b correlation coefficients; P < 0.05 was considered
statistically significant.
Results: Most patients (95.0%) were younger than 60 years, and none patients was older than 70 years. Psychogenic
patients is younger (36.53 years) and more (56.1%) than other patients. Vasculogenic factors were major etiology of
organic ED (20.1%). There was significant difference in age structure between psychogenic ED and organic ED (p=0.000).
Diabetes, hypertention, coronary artery disease, and hyperlipidaemia were significant in affecting the severity of ED in a
statistical model that included age and primary etiology. IIEF scores decreased with age (rs=-0.199, p=0.000). The
percentage of severe and moderate cases increased with age (p=0.003, p=0.002, respectively), yet the constituent ratio of
patients was sharp decline from to 30.3% to 4.5% with age.
Conclusion:
Psychological origin is the major pathophysiological cause of ED in the males visiting outpatient clinics in
China. The mean age is younger in men visiting outpatient clinics in China. Many older men with ED unwillingly go to
hospital for this problem. All above consequences are partly associated with social and cultural factors. This situation might
be improved with appropriate public health education and clinical management.
127
OP27
CLINICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF YOUNG MEN WITH ERECTILE DYSFUNCTION
1
1
1
1
Yung-Ming Lin , Johnny Shinn-Nan Lin , Chih Hsien Hung , Wen Horng Yang
1
Department of Urology, College of Medicine, National Cheng Kung University (Taiwan)
Purpose: Erectile dysfunction (ED) can occur at any age, but it is more common in men older than 40 years of age. This
study was conducted to investigate the clinical characteristics of ED men younger than 40 years.
Materials and Methods: From January 2008 to December 2010, a total of 501 men attending National Cheng Kung
University Hospital with a chief complaint of ED were enrolled in this study. Each patient underwent history-taking, physical
examination, serum biochemistry testing, penile biothesiometry and penile duplex Dopper ultrasonography. The patients
younger than 40 years of age were retrospectively reviewed.
Results: Of the 501 patients, two were less than 20 years old (0.4%), 17 were between 20 and 29 years old (3.3%) and 70
were between 30 and 39 years old (14%). Thus, young people accounted for 17.7% (89/501) of all ED patients.
Dyslipidemia is the most significant common co-morbidity in our patient population. Of the 89 young patients, two (2.2%)
had abnormal biothesiometry result. Results from penile duplex Doppler revealed that 44 patients were categorized as
having arterial insufficiency (AI) and 28 patients having veno-occlusive dysfunction (VOD). Five (26.3%) or eight (42.1%)
out of 19 patients with age less than 30 years had AI or VOD, respectively. Thirty-eight (54.3%) or 20 (28.6%) out of 70
patients with age between 30 and 39 years had AI or VOD, respectively.
Conclusion: Vascular disease accounts for 58.4% of the cause of ED in young males, and dyslipidemia correlates
significantly with the presence of vascular disease. Most young men with ED possess organic factors, which merits the
attention of physicians and further clinical investigation.
128
OP28
A NATION-WIDE POPULATION STUDY OF TRAZODONE USE IN UROLOGICAL PATIENTS
1
1,2
1,2
1,2
3,4
Wei-Ming Cheng , Tzu-Ping Lin , Alex T. L. Lin , Kuang-Kuo Chen , Tzeng-Ji Chen
1
Divisions of Urology, Department of Surgery, Taipei Veterans General Hospital (Taiwan)
2
Department of Urology, School of Medicine, National Yang-Ming University (Taiwan)
3
Department of Family Medicine, Taipei Veterans General Hospital (Taiwan)
4
Division of Family Medicine, Department of Medicine, School of Medicine, National Yang-Ming University (Taiwan)
Purpose: Erection dysfunction (ED) has been a prevalent disease worldwide. In a recent report, the prevalence of ED is
estimated to be 27% among Taiwanese men older than 40 years old. Trazodone is a 2nd generation antidepressant found
in the 1960’s and was approved by Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in 1981, it is an antidepressant of the serotonin
antagonist reuptake inhibitor(SARI) class. Some evidence has suggested that trazodone may be helpful in improving the
sexual dysfunction, especially arousal problem. Though in controversy, it is sometimes off-label used for erectile
dysfunction or arousal problem in urological patients. To have a global view of this off-label use in Taiwan, a nation-wide
cross-sectional analysis of urological use of trazodone was done using the National Health Insurance Research Database
(NHIRD).
Materials and methods: 1/500 randomly-sampled outpatient visits dataset in NHIRD were used to estimate the total and
urological prescription visits of Trazodone, stratified by year. Then 1-million randomly-selected dataset issued in 2005 was
used to analyze the refill rate and the age at 1st prescription and the diagnoses assigned to the prescription visits.
Results: As expected, the prescription visits in urology were almost exclusive of female patients. The prescription
increased rapidly since 1998, maintained till 2003, and then declined gradually, corresponding to the marketing of three
phosphdiesterase-5 (PDE-5) inhibitors. The diagnoses assigned to the prescription visit were mostly impotence-associated
diagnoses, accounting for about 55%, while depression-associated diagnoses accounted for less than 13%.
Conclusion: Trazodone use in urological field is an existing fact in Taiwan, mainly used for ED, and there was a trend
correlated and influenced by the marketing of three PDE-5 inhibitors between 1997 and 2008. The prescription of
trazodone was more prevalent and regular for the elderly, instead of young patients.
129
OP29
MICROSURGICAL EXCISION OF URETHRAL HAIR ROOTS IN PATIENTS WITH A HISTORY OF SURGICAL
TREATMENT OF HYPOSPADIAS DURING CHILDFOOD
1
1
1
1
1
1
Koichi Nagao , Jian-lin Hu , Toshihiro Tai , Yumi Ozaki , Hideyuki Kobayashi , Koichi Nakajima
1
Department of Urology, Toho University School of Medicine (Japan)
Introduction: Children who undergo hypospadias surgery can later develop pubic hair growth in the urethra. This condition
is believed to be due to the need to use scrotal skin during urethroplasty, due to an insufficient quantity of foreskin. The
clinical response to such hairs is often to simply pluck them out when they protrude from the external urethral opening;
however, later regrowth is virtually certain in such cases. To remove hairs permanently, two surgical techniques are now
used: electrolytic cauterizing of the hair roots after surgically opening the urethra, and excision of urethral tissue with the
hair roots, followed by replacement of this tissue with a buccal mucosa graft transplant. With electrolytic cauterization, it is
difficult to ensure that the hair follicles are completely cauterized, and there remains the possibility of regrowth from
incompletely cauterized follicles. With the latter operation, a graft of the buccal mucosa is necessary because of the lack of
sufficient tissue in the penis. In addition, this procedure requires repeat surgery. This case report describes a new surgical
technique, developed by the authors, that uses a surgical incision of the dorsal urethra followed by microsurgery to
completely excise hair follicles. Thus, in a single operation, the patient can be effectively treated, with no chance of
recurrence.
Case 1: A 42-year-old man presented with pain on erection, urethral bleeding, and hematospermia. He had a history of
surgery for hypospadias at age three years. Since then, hair had appeared in his urethra and had been regularly removed
by simple plucking. For several years, he had pain during erection, together with hematospermia and urethral bleeding.
When he presented for treatment at our department in June 2010, ureteroscopy clearly revealed hair growth in the urethra
and urethral stricture. Using a longitudinal incision along the dorsal urethra, it was opened and examined for the presence
of hair. Microsurgery confirmed the presence of 14 pubic hair follicles, which were completely excised. The follicles were
located from 3.5 to 4 mm below the urethral wall and were producing hairs that grew diagonally outward into the urethra.
Eight months later, ureteroscopy confirmed the complete absence of any hair growth, and the patient is without symptoms.
Case 2: A 30-year-old man presented with proximal hypospadias, urinary disturbance, ejaculation dysfunction, and penile
deformity on erection. He had a history of several hypospadias operations around the age of two years, as well as surgery
for cryptorchidism. During urethroplasty, we noted hair protruding from the old external urethral opening. Thus,
approximately 3 cm of the urethra was opened along its length and microsurgery was performed to remove five hair
follicles. One year after surgery, the patient is able to urinate while standing and has no penile deformity on erection and no
hair regrowth.
Conclusion: Microsurgical excision of hair follicles in the urethra allowed complete and permanent removal of these hairs in
a single surgical procedure.
130
OP30
CLINICAL EXPERIENCE OF A SATISFIED BLOCK FOR OUTPATIENT PENILE PROSTHESIS IMPLANTATION
1
2
Cheng-Hsing Hsieh , Geng-Long Hsu
1
Department of Urology, Buddhist Tzu Chi General Hospital, Taipei Branch (Taiwan)
2
Microsurgical Potency Reconstruction and Research Center, Hsu’s Andrology (Taiwan)
Purpose: Careful anesthetic methods of proximal dorsal nerve block, peripenile infiltration, penile crural block, cavernous
nerve blockage, and topical injection on an as needed basis seem satisfactory for outpatient penile implantation. We
propose a reliable, systematic, and reproducible protocol for these anesthetic methods in an attempt to extend their clinical
applications.
Materials and Methods: A careful anesthetic block of the paired dorsal nerve in the penile hilum associated with a
peripenile infiltration is sufficient to anesthetize the penile structures, except for the sinusoids and penile crura where
bilateral crural blockage is required. The cavernous nerve block is mandatory to cover the sinusoidal tissues. A further
topical injection of the medial low abdominal region makes it possible for implanting a three-piece model. This availability
was derived from chronic clinical practice based on a new knowledge of penile anatomy.
Results: Blockade of the proximal dorsal nerve, peripenile infiltration, penile crural block, and cavernous nerve blockade
have resulted in the successful implantation of 52 AMS 600, 13 AMS 650, 7 Ambicor, 4 Dynaflex, 18 Duraphase, 36
Acuform, and 32 Malleable penile implants on an outpatient basis, except for one man who required inpatient treatment.
Extended topical infiltration of the medial low abdominal region was mandatory to finish three implantations of the AMS 700
model. Common immediate side effects included puncture of the vessels, subcutaneous ecchymosis, transient palpitations
and dilatation pain.
However, there were no significant late complications. There was no statistical difference in scoring
using a visual analog scale among patients who underwent different models of prosthesis implantation except for those
who received the AMS 700 model.
Conclusions: Recent discoveries and better understanding of the penile anatomy have been meaningful in the
development and improvement of local nerve blockade techniques for penile implants, while minimizing anesthetic adverse
effects and resulting in a rapid return to daily activity with minimal complications.
131
OP31
VENO-OCCLUSIVE DYSFUNCTION IN YOUNG PATIENTS RESULTING FROM JELQING MANEUVER: LONG-TERM
RESULTS OF PENILE VENOUS STRIPPING SURGERY
1
2
Geng-Long Hsu , Cheng-Hsing Hsieh
1
Microsurgical Potency Reconstruction and Research Center, Hsu’s Andrology (Taiwan)
2
Department of Urology, Buddhist Tzu Chi General Hospital, Taipei Branch (Taiwan)
Purpose: There is currently believed that the contributor of erectile dysfunction in young adult is psychogenic origin. We
report a retrospective study on impotence resulting from jelqing maneuver at the age younger than thirsty.
Materials and Methods: From October 2000 to September 2010, 25 patients currently available, aged from 19 to 30 years,
were diagnosed with veno-occlusive dysfunction. Subsequently, 18 of them underwent penile venous surgery and were
assigned to the venous group. The remaining 7 men were allocated to control group while any strategies but venous
surgery were used as necessary. All were followed and evaluated with the abridged five-item version of the international
index of erectile function (IIEF-5) and cavernosography if required.
Results: In the venous group their pre-operative IIEF-5 score of 12.1В±2.3 (n=18) was increased to 21.7В±1.7 (p < 0.000)
postoperatively. In the control group, however, the mean preoperative IIEF-5 score of 12.3В±2.1 (n=7) was changed to score
of 13.9±2.9 (p > 0.05). Although there was no significant difference between the two groups’ preoperative IIEF-5 score,
there was a statistically significant difference after venous surgery was undergone. The follow-up period ranged from 6
months to 11 years, with an average of 5.0В±1.4 years. Eventually 5 (27.8%) and 5 (83.3%) men required additional oral
phosphor-di-esterase 5 inhibitors to venous and control group respectively. In the control group a man suffered from
depressive status without a sexual partner.
Conclusion: In this study, we therefore may conclude that “venous contribution” ought to be also an important factor rather
than just the psychogenic origin in those impotence male who suffer from jelqing maneuver.
132
OP32
CORPOROPLASTY PLICATION SURGERY FOR THE TREATMENT OF PENILE CURVATURE
1,2
1,2
1
1,2
1,2
3
1,2
Te-Fu Tsai , Chung-Hsin Yeh , Hung-En Chen , Yi-Chia Lin , Kuang-Yu Chou , Ji-Fan Lin , Thomas I-Sheng Hwang
1
Division of Urology, Department of SurgeryShin Kong Wu Ho-Su Memorial Hospital (Taiwan)
2
School of Medicine, Fu-Jen Catholic University (Taiwan)
3
Central Laboratory, Shin Kong Wu Ho-Su Memorial Hospital (Taiwan)
Introduction: Corporoplasty using plication of the albuginea is a simple technique and is still a major concern about the high
possibility of recurrence. The aim of this study was to assess long-term functional and cosmetic results of this approach
done in our institute.
Materials and Methods: From January 2001 to December 2010 a total 48 patients presenting penis curvature accepted
corporoplasty with albuginea plication. All patients were assessed preoperatively with history, physical examination and
photographic documention of the erectile penis. These patients, all with vaginal penetration problems, were submitted to
corporoplication with 2-7 sutures 2/0 (polyglycolic) contralateral to the curvature. Follow-up included functional and
cosmetic results, eventual complications and level of patient satisfaction.
Results: Median follow-up of our study was 44 months (range 6-118). Complete correction of curvature was achieved in 47
patients (98%) whereas 95.7% reported good erectile function (IIEF-5 > 21). 40 patients (83%) reported penis shortening
and 29% complained of palpating the sutures. 1 perioperative complication was wound infection. No altered sensitivity of
the glans penis was reported.
Conclusions: Simple plication of the corpora cavernosa can be done with optimal functional and cosmetic results. The
success of this minimally invasive approach makes it a valid procedure to correct penile curvature.
133
OP33
TRUE PENILE AUGMENTATION - PRELIMINARY REPORT
1
2
3
Li-Jen Liu , Cheng-Hsing Hsieh , Geng-Long Hsu
1
Yi-He Hospital (Taiwan)
2
Buddhist Tzu Chi General Hospital, Taipei Branch (Taiwan)
3
Microsurgical Potency Reconstruction and Research Center, Hsu’s Andrology (Taiwan)
Purpose: Penile augmentation surgery might be necessary for some patient with micro-penis or traumatism although there
is controversy. Among varied methods a true expansion of the corpora cavernosa is in paucity so far, herein we report a
method with a true augmentation.
Materials and Methods: From March 2010 to may 2011 3 male, aged at 33, 25 and 29 respectively, with micro penis or
ventral curvature associated with erectile dysfunction underwent our varied methods of penile augmentation with
autologous tissue. It entailed a careful stripping and preserving of the deep dorsal vein, cavernosal vein and/or internal
spermatic veins which were then fashioned to the inner layer of the tunca albuginea (TA) after being de-tubularized with
6-0 nylon suture. Similarly the aponeurosis of the external oblique muscle is fashioned to the outer tunical layer of the
corporotomy with its longitudinal fiber parallel to the penile shaft. The wound is closed with 5-0 chromic catgut sutures. The
international index of the erectile function (IIEF), cavernosography and penile dimension measurement were used for
follow up.
Results: The follow-up period ranged from 3 months to one year. The IIEF-5 score was from 9 to 24, 11 to 21 and 10 to 17
respectively. The penile erectile length was 9.1 to 12.0 cm and 8.9 to 11. 7 cm in two men and the penile girth was from 7.8
to 9.2 cm in the third case.
Conclusion: These innovative penile augmentation methods may be promising although they are technically challenging
and a clinical study of more men and longer time follow are mandatory.
134
PP01
LOPERAMIDE INDUCING PROSTATIC RELAXATION BY ACTIVATION OF OPIOID MU2-RECEPTORS IN A RAT
MODEL
1
2
3
Chih-Cheng Lu , Hsien-Hui Chung , Juei-Tang Cheng
1
Chi Mei Medical Center, Liouying (Taiwan)
2
National Cheng Kung University (Taiwan)
3
Chi Mei Medical Center (Taiwan)
Objective:The mechanism of opioid Ој-receptors activation in improvement of benign prostatic hyperplasia is obscure. We
used loperamide to identify the subtype of opioid Ој-receptors involved in prostatic relaxation and investigated the possible
mechanism of this relaxation.
Methods:Prostate strips were isolated from 12-week-old male Wistar rats for identification of isometric tension. Prostate
strips were pre-contracted with either 1 Ојmol/L phenylephrine or 50
mmol/L KCl. Then,
characterized
0.1
after
cumulative
administration
of
loperamide
to
10
decrease of muscle tone was
Ојmol/L into
the
organ
bath
for
concentration-dependent observation. Specific blockers or antagonists were pretreated to compare the changes of
loperamide-induced relaxation.
Results:Loperamide produced a marked relaxation in isolated prostates precontracted with phenylephrine or KCl in a
dose-dependent manner. This relaxation was abolished by cyprodime, a selective opioid Ој-receptor antagonist, but not
modified by naloxonazine at the dose sufficient to block opioid Ој-1 receptors.
Moreover, the relaxation by loperamide
was attenuated by glibenclamide at the dose sufficient to block
ATP-sensitive K+ channels.
Conclusion:Our results suggest that loperamide induces prostatic relaxation
open ATP-sensitive K+ channels.
through activation of opioid Ој-2 receptors to
PP02
CHARACTERIZATION OF LECTIN-BINDING SITES IN EPITHELIAL CELLS OF THE MOUSE EPIDIDYMIS
1
1
1
Syouta Tajiri , Tatsuya Fukui , Kazuya Yoshinaga
1
Kumamoto University (Japan)
Objective: The epididymis is composed of one single convoluted tubule and can be divided into three regions including the
caput, corpus and cauda. The epididymal fluid microenvironment is maintained in each region and contributes to sperm
maturation, transport, concentration and storage. Epithelial cells lining the epididymal tubule consist of several types of
cells: principal, clear and basal cells and play an important role in active absorption and secretion. The aim of the present
study was to examine the characteristics of lectin-binding patterns in the mouse epididymis and to determine the glycan
chain expression of the epithelial cells during postnatal development.
Methods: Samples from the prepubertal and adult mouse epididymis were fixed by perfusion through the heart with 4%
paraformaldehyde. For lectin histochemistry, the avidin-biotin-peroxidase complex technique was used with various
biotin-labeled lectins on paraffin sections. In addition to the lectin histochemistry, we also added immunohistochemistry for
various specific markers to identify the epithelial cells.
Results: In the adult mouse epididymis, Ulex europaeus agglutinin I (UEA-I) lectin stained principal cells as judged by
co-localization with anti-aquaporin-9 immunostaining. UEA-I lectin-positive sites in the principal cell were the stereocilia in
the proximal caput and the Golgi zone in the distal caput, suggesting a functional association of glycoproteins containing
fucose. Maackia amurensis lectin I (MAL-I lectin) selectively labeled the luminal surface membrane of clear cells as judged
by co-localization with anti-Foxi1 immunostaining, suggesting a functional association of glycoproteins containing
Gal/GlcNAc. Griffonia simplicifolia I B4 (GS-IB lectin) labeled the plasma membrane of basal cells as judged by
co-localization with anti-keratin immunostaining, suggesting a functional association of glycoproteins containing
D-galactose (the terminal sugar residue with binding affinity to GS-IB). In the prepubertal mouse epididymis, morphological
properties of the epithelium are markedly changed from P2 to P3 week. The lectin-binding pattern is also altered in the
same period; in the initial segment, for example, ACA lectin stained the principal cell at P1 week, the principal and clear
cells at P3 week and clear cells at P9 week.
Conclusion: The results indicate that the selectivity in lectin reactivity for distinct cell types and segment-dependent
staining in the epididymis seems to be related to cellular and regional differences in function. As some lectins stain
particular cells or cellular compartments selectively, these lectins could be useful markers in histopathological evaluation of
diseases or diagnosis of male infertility.
PP03
SEPARATION, CULTURE AND IDENTIFICATION OF RAT CORPUS CAVERNOSAL ENDOTHELIAL CELLS
1
1
2
1
Jun Chen , Bin Zhang , Hengjun Xiao , Tao Qi
1
Department of Infertility and Sexual Medicine, The Third Affiliated Hospital, Sun Yat-Sen University (China)
2
Department of Urology, The Third Affiliated Hospital, Sun Yat-Sen University (China)
Purpose: To develop the methods of separation, culture and identification for rat corpus cavernosal vascular endothelial
cells (CCECs).
Materials and methods:
Cavernosal tissues were isolated from male SD rats. Enzymatic digestion was applied to
separate CCECs. Purified cells were obtained using immunomagnetic beads and flow cytometric cell sorting, sub-cultured
using EMG-2 medium. The growth curve of CCECs was measured by MTT assay. The cells were identified by von
Willebrand factorпј€vWFпј‰ using immunofluorescence, and the positive rate of vWF expression was tested by flow
cytometry.
Results: The monomorphic cobblestone-like cells were observed by microscopy. High purification was obtained using
immunomagnetic beads. After 2 days of incubation, cells entered the logarithmic growth phase, and reached a plateau on
the fifth day. The von Willebrand factor expression in cytoplasm was positive. The purity of cells was 95.8%, which was
tested by flow cytometry.
Conclusion: Rat CCECs can be separated and cultured successfully by the method of enzymatic digestion,
immunomagnetic beads and flow cytometric cell sorting.
PP04
PENILE TRACTION AND PEYRONIE'S DISEASE: IN-VITRO ANALYSIS OF THE EFFICACY OF TRACTION ON
CELLULAR CHANGES IN PEYRONIE'S PLAQUE IN A STRAIN CULTURE SYSTEM.
1
2
Eric Chung , Ling De Young , Gerald Brock
1
Princess Alexandra Hospital (Australia)
2
St Joseph Health Care (Canada)
2
Objective: In recent years, penile traction devices have gained considerable popularity as a non-invasive treatment option
in Peyronie's disease (PD) to improve penile curvature and maintain penile length. The exact mechanism of action of
penile traction devices is unknown. FlexcellTM is a pressurised chamber system that allows for sustained and dynamic
application of hydrostatic pressure with the option of additional tension.
We used this cyclic strain culture system to investigate the cellular changes of Peyronie's plaques following single, bi-axial
and multi-axial tractional forces.
Methods:Primary cell cultures derived from Peyronie's plaque and normal tunical tissue were examined by
immuno-histochemistry, Surface-Enhanced Laser Desorption / Ionization Time-of-Flight Mass Spectrometry (SELDI
TOF-MS) and Western immunoblotting to provide baseline characteristics. These cell culture media were divided into 3
groups, prepared and exposed to a single (Group 1), bi-axial (Group 2) and multi-axial (Group 3) mechanical strained
environment. Following 72 hours of incubation in FlexcellR, these cell culture media were re-evaluated again.
Results: Significant increases in collagen to elastin fibers ratio, smooth muscle О±-actin, ОІ-catenin, and Hsp47 proteins were
identified in cells derived from PD relative to normal tunical tissue. Following exposure to tractional forces, there was a
decrease in smooth muscle О±-actin on histochemical study and increase in MMP 8 expression on Western blot analysis.
Conclusion: This unique study of cell cultured in a mechanical environment will provide strong scientific evidence for the
use of penile traction device in Peyronie's plaque remodeling.
PP05
PENILE VENOUS OCCLUSION MECHANISM: EVIDENCES FROM AN ELECTROCAUTERY EFFECT TO THE
SINUSOIDS ON DEFROSTED HUMAN CADAVERS
1
2
Cheng-Hsing Hsieh , Geng-Long Hsu
1
Department of Urology, Buddhist Tzu Chi General Hospital, Taipei Branch (Taiwan)
2
Microsurgical Potency Reconstruction and Research Center, Hsu’s Andrology (Taiwan)
Purpose: The venous occlusion mechanism is paramount for reaching penile rigid erection, the relationship between the
penile erection-related veins and the tunica albuginea (TA) is not clearly elucidated. We sought to conduct an
electrocautery study in order to explode this issue.
Materials and Methods: In late 2010 five adult human male defrosted cadavers whose penis is intact were used for this
study. A dorsally median longitudinal incision was made from the retrocoronal sulcus to the pubic region in order to
facilitate vascular access. Two #19 scalp needles were inserted and firmly fixed in place with 4-0 silk sutures at the 3 and 9
o’clock positions respectively. One needle was connected to an infusion pump and used to inject 10% colloid into the
corpora cavernosa, whereas the other needle was used to monitor the intracavernosal pressure (ICP). The deep dorsal
vein (DDV) was freed for 5cm segment via opening the Buck’s fascia, clamped by two hemostats and cut in-between
followed by a 2.5Г—0.5cm2 block of dorsal corpus cavernosum some 0.5cm proximal to retro-coronal sulcus while an
emissary vein is included. A watertight milieu was reestablished by 6-0 nylon suture of the corporotomy. A similar tissue
block was obtained after an electrocautery, 45 or 60 watts, was applied to the emissary branches of the proximal DDV
stump while the ICP was kept at 0, 50, 70, 130 and 150mmHg respectively.
Those tissues were rendered for special
stains and analysis.
Results: The electrocautery effect penetrated categorically into the intracavernosal sinusoids in subject with ICP no more
than 70mmHg. This effect was stopped at deeper collagen bundles of the outer longitudinal layer of the TA in subject with
ICP 130 and 150mmHg however.
Conclusion: An extracorporeal electro-cautery can not penetrate the sinusoidal wall while an ICP is higher than 130mmHg,
in contract it deemed penetrates at ICP lesser than 70mmHg. Implying the outer longitudinal layer of the TA can work as a
sustainable wall against the sinusoidal pressure in order to provide rigidity building up.
PP06
MESENCHYMAL STROMAL CELLS TRANSFECTED BY RECOMBINANT ADENOVIRUS VECTOR WITH SHORT
HAIRPIN RNA OF SILENCING PDE5
1
2
1
1
1
1
3
Heng-Jun Xiao , Jun Chen , Ning Na , Hao Zhang , Xiao-Peng Liu , Yan Zhang , Min Xia , Xin Gao
1
1
Department of Urology, the Third Affiliated Hospital of SUN Yat-sen University (China)
2
Department of infertility & sexual medicine, the Third Affiliated Hospital of SUN Yat-sen University (China)
3
chool of public health, SUN Yat-sen University (China)
Introduction: Many studies indicate that bone marrow mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) not only have multidifferentiation
potential and functional regeneration of impaired tissues, but also are relatively easy to isolate and expand ex vivo. In view
of these properties, they could be a useful vehicle for gene delivery in adult stem cell-based gene therapy. Specific
phosphodiesterases (PDE5) has been shown to regulate penile erection to return to flaccidity by hydrolysis of cyclic
guanosine monophosphate (cGMP). Therefore, inhibiting specifically the catalytic activity of the target gene PDE5 has
been indicated to promote the accumulation of cGMP and enhance erection. In recent years, the introduction of short
hairpin RNA (shRNA) has proved to be a powerful tool for suppressing strongly gene specific expression through a
process known as RNA interference. This study was to describe the transfection efficiency of the recombinant adenovirus
vector with gene-specific silencing PDE5 of short hairpin RNA transducing into rat MSCs.
Purpose: To construct the recombinant adenovirus vectors with short hairpin RNA of silencing PDE5 and investigate the
adenoviral transfection efficiency by transducing into rMSCs.
Methods and Materials: The recombinant adenovirus vector carrying shRNA with inhibiting the specific expression of PDE5
(pAd-PDE5-shRNA) and enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP) gene was constructed. SD rat bone marrow-derived
MSCs were separated, cultured and purified in vitro by Percoll density gradient centrifugation combined with adherent
culture. The third passage rMSCs were obtained, and were identified by cell surface markers with flow cytometry (FCM).
The EGFP gene expression was verified by the intensity of green fluorescence under fluorescence microscope and the
transfection efficiency was assessed by FCM in ex vivo expanded rMSCs transfected with pAd-PDE5-shRNA.
Results: The recombinant adenovirus vector pAd-PDE5-shRNA was successfully constructed. After pAd-PDE5-shRNA
was transfected into rMSCs, the expression of EGFP was detected at 24h and it became the strongest at 72h, which FCM
showed the transfection efficiency were 88.6% at this time. The EGFP expression rates of rMSCs transfected with
pAd-PDE5-shRNA at 3d, 7d, 14d after transduction were 88.6%, 85.2%, and 78.5%, respectively. There was still visible
green fluorescence at 28d after transfection.
The Conclusion: Our results show that the recombinant adenovirus vector with gene-specific silencing PDE5 of shRNA
could effectively transfect into rMSCs in vitro. Gene-modified rMSCs with pAd-PDE5-shRNA may have a potential cell
source of stem-cell-based therapy for ED.
PP07
EFFECTS OF PHOSPHODIESTERASE 5 EXPRESSION ON EX VIVO DIFFERENTIATED MESENCHYMAL STROMAL
CELLS USING ADENOVIRAL GENE TRANSFER OF SHORT HAIRPIN RNA
1
2
3
1
1
1
1
1
Heng-Jun Xiao , Jun Chen , Xiao-Yong Pu , Liao-Yuan Li , Yan Zhang , Xiao-Peng Liu , Hao Zhang , Xin Gao
1
Department of Urology, the Third Affiliated Hospital of SUN Yat-sen University (China)
2
Department of infertility & sexual medicine, the Third Affiliated Hospital of SUN Yat-sen University (China)
3
Department of Urology, Guangdong Provincial People’s Hospital (China)
Introduction: It has been shown that the major causes of organic erectile dysfunction (ED) associated with aging, diabetes
and post-radical prostatectomy were via a diffuse and progressive corporal fibrosis to cavernous smooth muscle cells
(CSMCs) in the penis. Previous studies have demonstrated that bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) possess
the ability for self-renewal, multilineage differentiation and in vivo functional regeneration of damaged tissues. In recent
years, several experimental studies have suggested that MSCs could be induced to differentiate into smooth muscle-like
cells in vitro and have a potential source for stem-cell-based gene therapy of ED. Phosphodiesterases (PDE5) has been
proved to play an important role in regulating penile erection by hydrolysis of cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP) as
a specific hydratase. Therefore, inhibiting specifically the catalytic activity of PDE5 has been shown to promote the
accumulation of cGMP and improve erectile function. We hypothesis that stem cell-based replacement therapy with rat
MSCs by transfected the recombinant adenovirus vector carrying silencing target gene PDE5 of short hairpin RNA
(pAd-PDE5-shRNA) could aid in the regeneration of penile smooth musculature and might help to benefit recovery of
erectile function.
Purpose: To explore the expression of PDE5 in ex vivo differentiation of gene-modified rMSCs into smooth muscle cells
using the recombinant adenovirus vector containing silencing target gene PDE5 of shRNA.
Methods and Materials: SD rMSCs were separated, cultured and purified in vitro by identification with flow cytometry
(FCM). The recombinant adenovirus vector carrying silencing target gene PDE5 of shRNA was constructed and then
transfected into the third passage rMSCs. The gene-modified rMSCs were induced to differentiate into smooth muscle-like
cells exposed to VEGF and b-FGF media in vitro. The proliferative ability of these cells was tested by cell counting kit 8
(CCK-8). Smooth muscle-like cells differentiation was assessed by immunofluorescence and then subjected to
immunocytochemistry for specific markers of О±-smooth muscle actin (О±-SMA). Real-time quantitative PCR,
immunohistochemical staining and Western blot analysis for PDE5 gene expression in differentiated smooth muscle-like
cells were carried out.
Results: The gene-modified rMSCs were successfully induced to differentiate into smooth muscle-like cells. Transduction
of the recombinant adenovirus pAd-PDE5-shRNA into rMSCs led to down-regulation of PDE5. The expression of PDE5
was reduced 53.6% by pAd-PDE5-shRNA compared with the control recombinant adenovirus vector. The proliferative
property of rMSCs did not significantly change among those transfected with pAd-PDE5-shRNA (P < 0.01). The
differentiated rMSCs were identified to smooth muscle-like cells by immunocytochemistry.
The Conclusion: These results suggest that the gene-modified rMSCs could be successfully induced to differentiate into
smooth muscle-like cells in vitro. They reveal that pAd-PDE5-shRNA transfected into them could inhibit the expression of
PDE5 in differentiated rMSCs.
PP08
INDUCTION OF APOPTOSIS BY BENZYL ISOTHIOCYANATE (BITC) IN HUMAN PROSTATE CANCER CELLS
1
2
1
1
1
Te-Fu Tsai , Ji-Fan Lin , Hung-En Chen , Yi-Chia Lin , Kuang-Yu Chou , Thomas I-Sheng Hwang
1
Department of Urology, Shin Kong Wu Ho-Su Memorial Hospital (Taiwan)
2
Central Laboratory, Shin Kong Wu Ho-Su Memorial Hospital (Taiwan)
3
Department of Surgery, Shin Kong Wu Ho-Su Memorial Hospital (Taiwan)
4
Department of Urology, Taipei Medical University, Division of Urology (Taiwan)
5
School of Medicine, Fu-Jen Catholic University (Taiwan)
1,3,4,5
Background: A number of studies support that certain food phytochemicals protect against cancer. An important group of
compounds that have this property are organosulfur compounds including isothiocyanates (ITCs). Among them, benzyl
isothiocyanate (BITC) has been shown to induce apoptosis in varies cancer cell lines. In this study, we investigate whether
BITC induces apoptosis in human prostate cancer cell lines.
Methods: We have examined the cell death pattern induces by BITC on PC-3 and CRW22Rv1 (androgen-independent and
sensitive human prostate cancer cell lines, respectively) cells survival by MTT assay.
Results: Significant dose and time-dependent growth inhibition on both PC-3 and CRW22Rv1 cells was observed in BITC
treatment. The cytotoxicity of BITC was greater than AITC in the same concentration.
Conclusions: This is the first study showed that BITC markedly inhibit PC-3 and CRW22Rv1 cancer cell growth thought
apoptotic cell death. This finding could potentially contribute to the beneficial effect of BITC in prostate cancer treatments.
PP09
INDUCTION OF AUTOPHAGIC CELL DEATH BY ALLYL ISOTHIOCYANATE
1
2
1,4
1,4
1,4
1,3,4
Hung-En Chen , Ji-Fan Lin , Te-Fu Tsai , Yi-Chia Lin , Kuang-Yu Chou , Thomas I-Sheng Hwang
1
Department of Urology, Shin Kong Wu Ho-Su Memorial Hospital (Taiwan)
2
Central Laboratory, Shin Kong Wu Ho-Su Memorial Hospital (Taiwan)
3
Department of Urology, Taipei Medical University (Taiwan)
4
Division of Urology, School of Medicine, Fu-Jen Catholic University (Taiwan)
Purpose: Previous studies supported that certain food phytochemicals protect against cancer.
Isothiocyanates (ITCs) are derivatives of cruciferous vegetable and shown to be effective cancer-prevention agents. Allyl
isothiocyanate (AITC), one of the most widely studies members of the ITC family, has recently be demonstrate to inhibit
survival of human prostate cancer cells while has minimal effects on a normal prostate epithelial cell line. Our previous
studies demonstrate AITC induces autophagic cell death in human prostate cancer cells. In this study, we investigate
whether the autophagy induced by AITC treatment is activated by mTOR or other signaling pathway.
Materials and methods: We investigated the biological effects of AITC on PC-3 and CRW22Rv1 (androgen-independent
and sensitive human prostate cancer cell lines, respectively) on cell viability using MTT assay and induced apoptosis using
cell cytometry. We further monitor the induced autophagy in AITC-treated cells by detecting the digestion and formation of
LC3-II, a marker protein involved in the formation of autophagosome during autophagic cell death, by Western blot as well
as Immunoflorescent (IF) staining. The formation of acidic organelle was detected by acridine orange staining. To identify
the signaling pathway involved in AITC-induced autophagy, protein expression of mTOR effector, 4EBP1 and phosphor-S6
and ERK were detected by western blot.
Results: AITC exhibited significant dose and time-dependent growth inhibition on both PC-3 and CRW22Rv1 cells. The
formation of LC3-II was detectable at 10ОјM, and increased at 20ОјM after 24 hours of AITC treatment. IF showed round-up
and condensed staining of LC3-II, suggesting the formation of autophagosome in the cytoplasm and acridine orange
staining of acidic organelles supporting this finding. Inhibition of autophagy partially rescued cell viability suggesting a
protective role of autophagy in AITC-treated cells. Detection of protein levels in AITC-treated cells showed activation of
ERK while mTOR signaling was not altered by BITC treatment.
Conclusion: We provide evidences that AITC inhibit PC-3 and CRW22Rv1 cancer cell growth thought not only apoptosis
cell death but also autoghagic cell death. And the autophagy induced by AITC was via ERK activation but not mTOR
inhibition. This activity could potentially contribute to the beneficial effect of AITC in prostate cancer patients.
Running title: AITC induces autophagic death via ERK activation in human prostate cancer cell lines.
Keywords: Allyl isothiocyanate (AITC); Autophagy; Prostate cancer.
PP10
THE EFFECTS OF AMPHETAMINE AND KETAMINE ON SPERM QUALITY AND APOPTOSIS-RELATED GENES
EXPRESSION IN TESTIS AND EPIDIDYMIS OF MALE RAT
1,2
1,4
1,4
1,4
1,4
Hung-En Chen , Ji-Fan Lin , Te-Fu Tsai , Yi-Chia Lin , Kuang-Yu Chou , Thomas I-Sheng Hwang
1
Department of Urology, Shin Kong Wu Ho-Su Memorial Hospital (Taiwan)
2
Central Laboratory, Shin Kong Wu Ho-Su Memorial Hospital (Taiwan)
3
Department of Urology, Taipei Medical University (Taiwan)
4
Division of Urology, School of Medicine, Fu-Jen Catholic University (Taiwan)
1,3,4
Purpose: Previous investigations demostrate that chronic administration of cocaine, a kind of CNS stimulant, to
peripuberutal male rats has a profound effect on their testicular function. However, the effect of other stimulants, such as
amphetamine and ketamine, on male reproductive system is still unclear. We are trying to investigate the effects of
amphetamine and ketamine on sperm quality and apoptosis-related genes expression in testis and epididymis of male rat.
Materials and methods: Male Sprague-Dawley rats were subcutaneously injected with methamphetamine and ketamine
(10 mg/kg body weight) for 90 days. Control animals received equal volume of normal saline. At the end of the daily
exposures for 30, 60 and 90 days, the animals were sacrificed by isoflurane asphyxiation. The testis and epididymis were
dissected for obtaining the sperm suspension and extracted for determination of apoptosis-related gene expression by
real-time PCR. Serum level of testosterone was determined by ELISA
Results: Administration of methamphetamine and ketamine significantly decreased sperm count in cauda epididymis for 90
days. Sperm morphologic abnormality was significantly statistic different in study group. Increased expression of
Apoptosis-related gene was found in epididymis and testis in amphetamine and ketamine treated rat at 60 days. Serum
level of Testosterone decreased significantly at 60 and 90 days of amphetamine and ketamine administration.
Conclusions: These results suggested apoptosis and lower serum level of testosterone may play the important roles in the
regulation of productive function of psychotropic drugs treated rat.
PP11
HIGH-DOSE TESTOSTERONE TREATMENT CAUSE APOPTOTIC CELL DEATH IN HUMAN ANDROGEN-SENSITIVE
AND –INDEPENDENT PROSTATE CANCER CELLS
1,2,3
Chao-Wei Tseng, Thomas I-Sheng Hwang
1,3
1,3
1
1,3
, Yi-Chia Lin , Te-Fu Tsai , Hung-En Chen , Kuang-Yu Chou , Ji-Fan Lin
1
Division of Urology, Department of Surgery, Shin Kong Wu Ho-Su Memorial Hospital (Taiwan)
2
Department of Urology, Taipei Medical University, Division of Urology (Taiwan)
3
School of Medicine, Fu-Jen Catholic University (Taiwan)
4
Central Laboratory, Shin Kong Wu Ho-Su Memorial Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan (Taiwan)
4
Purpose: The use of testosterone was reported as a cancer risk in patients with nascent or occult prostate cancer.
Therefore, testosterone replacement therapy (TRT) was prohibited in these patients. However, the biological effects of
testosterone on prostate cancer cells were poorly understood. In this study, we study the dose-effects of testosterone on
the growth of prostate cancer cells as well as the expression of AR and prostate specific antigen (PSA) and try to identify if
there are differential effects on androgen-sensitive and –independent prostate cancer cells.
Material and methods: Androgen-sensitive (CWR22Rv1 and LNCaP) and -independent (PC3 and DU145) prostate cancer
cell lines were used in this study. Cells were treated with different concentration of testosterone ranging from 1nM to 5ОјM,
and cell proliferation effects of testosterone in serum-deprived medium were accessed by WST assay. To investigate the
RNA and protein expression level of AR and PSA after testosterone treatment, qRT-PCR and Western blot were performed
respectively. Status of cell cycle in cells treated with 50, 100 and 1,000 nM of testosterone was measured by cell cytometry.
And apoptosis induced by high-dose testosterone was detected by Caspase 3 activation.
Results: A dose-dependent cell proliferation was occurred from 1 nM to 100 nM of testosterone treatment but significantly
decreased when treated with high dose testosterone (> 500 nM), in all cell lines tested. The expression of AR and PSA
were increased in androgen-sensitive cells treated with 100 nM testosterone, and the expression of AR is suppressed in
high-dose testosterone treatment suggesting a negative feedback regulation. No AR or PSA was detectable in
androgen-insensitive cells. Induction of apoptosis was detected in all cells treated with high-dose testosterone (1 ОјM).
Conclusion: Cell proliferation occurred in prostate cancer cell lines treated with low-dose testosterone regardless of their
androgen sensitivity. Cell viability was decreased in high-dose testosterone treatment accompany with the induction of
apoptosis.
PP12
RESTORATION OF MIR-204 EXPRESSION INDUCES CELL APOPTOSIS BY TARGETING BCL2 IN HUMAN
BLADDER AND PROSTATE CANCER CELLS
1,2,3
Chao-Wei Tseng, Thomas I-Sheng Hwang
1,3
1,3
1
1,3
, Yi-Chia Lin , Te-Fu Tsai , Hung-En Chen , Kuang-Yu Chou , Ji-Fan Lin
1
Division of Urology, Department of Surgery, Shin Kong Wu Ho-Su Memorial Hospital (Taiwan)
2
Department of Urology, Taipei Medical University, Division of Urology (Taiwan)
3
School of Medicine, Fu-Jen Catholic University (Taiwan)
4
Central Laboratory, Shin Kong Wu Ho-Su Memorial Hospital (Taiwan)
4
Background: Blocking anti-apoptosis genes has been considered as a strategy for cancer therapy in recent years. From
our previous studies, we identify 19 down-regulated microRNAs (miRNAs) in human bladder tumor tissues. Among these
down-regulated miRNAs, miR-204 is predicted as a potential negative regulator of Bcl2 which is a well studied
anti-apoptosis gene. We hypothesized that restoration of miR-204 expression or overexpression of miR-204 will induce
apoptosis via repressing Bcl2 expression and cause cancer cell death.
Methods: To elevate the expression level of miR-204 in cancer cells, vector-based miRNA expression system was adapted
Constructed vector that express functional miR-204 was transfected into human bladder (T24 and J82) and prostate
cancer cells (PC3 and DU145). Expression level of matured miR-204 in transfected and mock cells was monitored by
Q-PCR. To verified that miR-204 targets Bcl2, 3’-untraslated region (3’UTR) of Bcl2 was constructed into a luciferase
reporter vector, the binding and inhibition of target expression was performed by luciferase reporter assay. Bcl2 RNA and
protein expression in cells transfected with miR-204 were measured by Q-PCR and Western blot, respectively. Cell viability
of miR-204 transfected cells was detected by MTT assays. Induction of apoptosis was determined by increased level of
cleavage caspase 3 and its activity.
Results: The expression level of miR-204 in transfected cells were elevated, and the function of matured miR-204 was
confirmed by luciferase reporter assays. mRNA and protein expression of Bcl2 were decreased in miR-204 trasfected cells
that leads to the increased level of cleavaged caspase 3 and reduced cell viability. Co-transfection of reporter vector
harboring Bcl2 3’UTR to compete with endogenous transcript partially rescued the apoptosis induced by overexpressed
miR-204 provided further evidence that miR-204 targeting Bcl2 induces apoptosis in these cancer cells.
Conclusions: miR-204 targets to Bcl2 in human bladder and prostate cancer cells. Restoration of miR-204 in tumor could
therefore be considered as a novel strategy for elimination of cancer cells by targeting anti-apoptotic Bcl2.
PP13
THE ASSOCIATION OF HEMOCHROMATOSIS GENE (H63D, S65C, C282Y) MUTATIONS WITH IDIOPATHIC MALE
INFERTILITY IN CHINESE HAN POPULATION
1
2,3
5
1
1
1
1
XY Yu , BB Wang , ZC Xin , T Liu , K Ma , J Jiang , X Fang , LH Yu
1,4
1
The association of hemochromatosis gene (H63D, S65C, C282Y) mutations with idiopathic male infertili (China)
2
National Research Institute for Family Planning, Beijing, 100081 China (China)
3
Peking Union Medical College, Beijing, China (China)
4
World Health Organization Collaborating Centre for Research in Human Reproduction, Beijing, China (China)
5
Andrology Center, Peking University First Hospital, Beijing 100034, China (China)
Purpose: HFE mutations influence the iron status of the general population in Northern Europe, excess iron is related with
impairment of spermatogenesis. Several studies have reported that the HFE gene has been associated with idiopathic
male infertility. However, this result has not been confirmed in other populations. The aim of this study was to investigate
the association between three mutations (H63D, S65C, and C282Y) in the HFE gene with idiopathic male infertility in the
Chinese Han population.
Methods and materials: Two groups of Chinese men were recruited: 444 infertile men (including 169 with idiopathic
azoospermia) and 423 controls of proven fertility. HFE gene was detected by polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-restriction
fragment length polymorphism technique.
Results: These results demonstrated that no C282Y or S65C mutations were detected. Idiopathic male infertility was not
significantly associated with heterozygous H63D mutation (odds ratio = 0.801, 95% confidence interval = 0.452–1.421, χ
2
= 0.577, P=0.448). The H63D mutation frequency did not correlate significantly with the serum LH, FSH or T levels in
infertile men(P=0.896, P=0.404, P=0.05, respectively).
Conclusion: Our data suggest that the HFE H63D mutation is not associated with idiopathic male reproductive dysfunction.
PP-15
A FLEXIBLE PROGRAM OF PENILE REHABILITATION FOR THE PATIENTS OF PROSTATIC CANCER AFTER
SURGERY OR IRRADIATION TREATMENT
Han-Sun Chiang
Department of Urology, Taipei Medical University Hospital, Taiwan
Penile rehabilitation can definitely prevent cavernosal hypoxia, fibrosis and penile atrophy. Clinically early rehabilitation can
decrease the incidence of permanent erectile dysfunction and penile shortening. For the treatment of localized prostatic
cancer, any kind of radical prostatectomy usually may induce more than 60% possibility of erectile dysfunction. Even any
other alternative treatment such as irradiation, cryosurgery, HIFU may also cause a 15-30% complication of erectile
dysfunction.
We start the penile rehabilitation program for the patients of localized prostatic cancer undergoing radical surgery or other
alternative treatment with a flexible regimen. We provide different program of intracvernosal injection or/and oral intake of
phosphodiesterase type 5 (PDE-5) inhibitor, including daily dosage form of PDE-5 inhibitor. The program is specially
combined with a comprehensive counseling for the couples.
The penile rehabilitation for the patients after radical prostatectomy usually begins postophecatively when the patients can
stand the pain and urinary incontinence. For the patients of irradiation therapy, daily dose Taldanafil (5mg) starts
simultaneously with irradiation and sexual behavior or masturbation is encouraged in every 5 days. Based on our
preliminary result, almost all of the couples can accept the concept of penile rehabilitation to preserve the penile length and
erectile function, even though they may not so active in sexual life. Compare with the group of the prostatic cancer patients
without penile rehabilitation the sexual function, sexual intimacy, quality of life of the patients after penile rehabilitation is
very much improved. We conclude that sexual rehabilitation should be a gold standard for the patients after radical
prostatectomy or during irradiation.
PP17
COMPARISON OF THE EFFECT ON CAVERNOUS NERVE STIMULATION-INDUCED INTRACAVERNOUS
PRESSURE INCREASE BETWEEN DAILY AND WEEKLY ADMINISTRATION OF SILDENAFIL IN THE RAT
1
1
Kuang-Kuo Chen , Luke S. Chang
1
Department of Surgery, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, and Shu-Tien Urological Research Center, National Yang-Ming
University (Taiwan)
Purpose: On-demand or once daily use of phosphodiesterase-5 inhibitors has been suggested to improve erectile function.
The objective of this study was to compare the effect of weekly (on-demand) or daily administration of sildenafil on
intracavernous pressure (ICP) increase after electrical stimulation (ES) of cavernous nerve (CN) in the rat.
Materials and methods: Male adult Sprague-Dawley rats were used. Five groups of experiments were arranged: group 1:
daily oro-gastric administration (OGA) of sildenafil 0.13 mg for one week; group 2: OGA of sildenafil 0.5 mg at the end of
one week; group 3: daily OGA of sildenafil 0.13 mg for 4 weeks; group 4: OGA of sildenafil 0.5 mg every week for 4 weeks,
and group 5:without administration of sildenafil. A 26-gauge needle was inserted into the corpus cavernosum to measure
the ICP. The CN was electrically stimulated with parameters (5, 7.5, 10 V, 20 Hz, 2 ms, 1 minute) on the 7th day for the
group 1 and group 2 rats, and on the 28th day for the group 3 and group 4 rats. The amount of ICP increase was defined
as the difference between peak ICP and resting ICP.
Results: A significant increase of ICP from resting 7.7 В±1.9 mmHg to a peak 76.2 В±5.9 mmHg after ES of CN with 10V was
noted in group 1 rats. There was also a significant increase of ICP from resting 7.0 В±1.6 mmHg to a peak at 72.0 В±5.1
mmHg after ES of CN with 10V in group 2 rats. A significant increase of ICP from resting 8.7 В±3.0 mmHg to a peak at 67.2
В±5.0 mmHg after ES of CN with 10V was also noted in group 3 rats. There was a significant increase of ICP from resting
8.8 В±2.5 mmHg to a peak at 66.3 В±5.3 mmHg after ES of CN in group 4 rats. There was a significant increase of ICP from
resting 12.5 В±1.4 mmHg to a peak 52.7 В± 6.8 mmHg after ES of CN with parameter 10V in group 5 rats. The amount of ICP
increase was 68.5 В±3.9 mmHg, 65.0 В±4.7 mmHg, 58.5 В±3.7 mmHg, 57.5 В±4.7 mmHg and 40.2 В±5.6 mmHg, in group 1, 2, 3,
4, and 5, respectively. There was a significantly greater amount of ICP increase in groups 1, 2, 3, and 4 rats as compared
with group 5 rats. No significant difference of amount of ICP increase was noted among group 1, 2, 3, and 4 rats.
Conclusion: The results suggest that there is a significant greater amount of ICP increase after ES of CN in the rats with
daily or weekly oral administration of sildenafil than those without sildenafil administration. However, no significant
difference of the ES of CN-induced ICP increase is noted among daily and weekly oral administration of sildenafil for up to
4 weeks in the rat.
PP18
THE EFFECT OF TESTOSTERONE ON EPIMEDIUM BREVICORNUM MAXIM EXTRACT-INDUCED PENILE
ERECTION IN THE RAT
1
1
Kuang-Kuo Chen , Luke S. Chang
1
Department of Surgery, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, and Shu-Tien Urological Research Center, National Yang-Ming
University (Taiwan)
Purpose: Our previous study has found that intracavernous administration of a Chinese medicine, i.e Epimedium
brevicornum Maxim (EbM) extract may induce a penile erection in terms of a significant increase of intracavernous
pressure (ICP) in the rat. Androgen has been reported to stimulate the expression of nitric oxide synthase (NOS),
production of NO and mediation of penile erection in the rat. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate the effect of
testosterone on EbM extract-induced penile erection in the rat.
Materials and methods: Male adult Sprague-Dawley rats were used. A 26-gauge needle was inserted into corpus
cavernosum to monitor the ICP. Five groups of study were designed: 1)intracavernous administration of EbM extract 6500
Ојg/0.1 ml; 2)bilateral orchiectomy in a young rat (100 g), then intracavernous administration of EbM extract 6500 Ојg 6
weeks later; 3)bilateral orchiectomy in a young rat (100 g), followed by testosterone replacement with subcutaneous
implantation of a silicon tube filled with 85 mg testosterone (4-andronsten-17ОІ-ol-3-one in crystalline form), then
intracavernous administration of EbM extract 6500 Ојg 8 weeks later; 4)sham operation of bilateral orchiectomy, then
intracavernous administration of EbM extract 6500 Ојg 6 weeks later; and 5) intracavernous injection of saline 0.1 ml as a
control. The serum levels of testosterone in normal adult rats, and at before and 2 weeks after castration, and 4 weeks
after testosterone replacement were examined.
Results: There was a significant increase of ICP from resting 4.7 В± 1.2 mmHg to a peak at 99.5 В± 0.5 mmHg after
intracavernous administration of EbM extract 6500 Ојg. However, there was no significant change of ICP after
intracavernous administration of EbM extract 6500 Ојg in the rats 6 weeks after bilateral orchiectomy. After testosterone
replacement in the castrated rats, intracavernous administration of EbM extract 6500 Ојg elicited a significant increase of
ICP from resting 13.2 В± 0.7 mmHg to a peak at 100.0 В± 0.0 mmHg. In the rats underwent sham operation, intracavernous
administration of EbM extract 6500 Ојg induced a significant increase of ICP from resting 9.3 В± 1.1 mmHg to a peak at 89.3
В± 7.9 mmHg. Intracavernous application of saline 0.1 ml was ineffective to elicit a significant change of ICP. Serum
testosterone was in the castration level 2 weeks after bilateral orchiectomy, and returned to normal level 4 weeks after
testosterone replacement.
Conclusion: The results suggest that testosterone deprivation by bilateral orchiectomy may eliminate the intracavernous
EbM extract-induced penile erection, and this EbM extract-induced penile erection may recover after testosterone
replacement in the castrated rats. These observations suggest that testosterone may have a great and pivotal effect on
EbM extract-induced penile erection in the rat.
PP19
HYPERPROLACTINEMIA-INDUCED HYPOGONADISM IN MALE RATS IS RELATED WITH AUTOPHAGY OF LEYDIG
CELLS
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
Yi-Ting Tsai , William J Huang , Yi-Te Chiang , Yi-Te Chiang , Hsiao-Fung Pu , Alex TL Lin , Kuang-Kuo Chen
1
Department of Urology and Physiology, School of Medicine, National Yang-Ming University, Taipei, Taiwan, R.O.C.
Division of Urology, Department of Surgery Taipei Veterans General Hospital (Taiwan)
Purpose: Hyperprolactinemia (hyperPRL) is associated with disorder in testosterone (T) release in male rats. The effects
contribute to erectile dysfunction and impairment in spermatogenesis. We have confirmed that PRL induces the production
of tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-О±) from the testicular interstitial macrophages. And TNF-О± is detrimental to
steroidogenesis of LC. Autophagy, a pathway of cell death, could also be induced by TNF-О±. Autophagy seems play
inhibitory effects on T production in LC.
Methods and Materials: This study we examined the density of autophagy signals in testes of hyperPRL male rats.
HyperPRL was induced by alografting of 3 anterior pituitary glands (AP) to subrenal capsule. Six weeks after grafting the
rats were examined for serum PRL levels. The control groups were prepared by grafting with brain cortex. The testis of the
rats were retrieved for Western blotting and immunohistochemistry (IHC) study to define the expression of
microtubule-associated protein 1 light chain 3 (LC3). Radioimmunoassay (RIA) was used to assay T concentration of
testicular fluid.
Results:The data showed that T concentration was much higher in control groups (+CX) than in hyperPRL groups (+AP).
LC3 density was significantly higher in +AP hyperPRL groups than in the control groups. Similar resutls were also shown in
Western blot.
Conclusion:We confirmed the occurance of autophagy is much more popular in LC of rats with hyperPRL. The
hyperPRL-induced hypogonadism might in part be contributed by autophagy of the LC.
PP20
THE EFFECTS OF ANTI-TNF-гЂЂ ANTIBODY ON NEURAL NO SYNTHASE EXPRESSION AND SMOOTH MUSCLE
CONTENT
IN
CARVERNOSAL
TISSUE
IN
RATS
WITH
HYPERPROLACTINEMIA-RELATED
ERECTILE
DYSFUNCTION
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
Zhong-Lin Wang , William J Huang , Yi-Ting Tsai , Yi-Te Chiang , Hsiao-Fung Pu , Alex TL Lin , Kuang-Kuo Chen
1
Department of Urology and Physiology, School of Medicine, National Yang-Ming University, Taipei, Taiwan, R.O.C.
Division of Urology, Department of Surgery, Taipei Veterans General Hospital (Taiwan)
Purpose: Hyperprolactinemia (hyperPRL) induces dysfunction of reproductive system in male mammals. Literature has
confirmed the appearance of impaired erectile function in these animals. Besides, recent evidence demonstrated that TNFгЂЂ impairing penile tumenscence. The purpose of this study is to discuss the effects of anti-TNF-гЂЂгЂЂ antibody on the
expression of neural nitric oxide synthase (nNOS) and smooth muscle content in carvernosal tissue of rat penis.
Methods and Materials: Male Sprague-Dawley rats (8 to 12 week-old) were grafted with either anterior pituitary glands
(+AP) or similar amount of cerebral cortex (+CX) to the recipient subrenal capsule 6 weeks before experiments. Rats were
injected with anti-TNF-гЂЂгЂЂ antibody (12.5 гЂЂ g/kg) 1 week before sacrifice, and the penile tissue was retrieved. The
paraffin-sectioned slides were prepared for immunofluorescent (IF) and Masson’s trichrome staining.
Results: The expression of nNOS was significantly decreased in +AP hyperPRL groups. Smooth muscle content in +AP
hyperPRL rats was also significantly decreased. After anti-TNF-гЂЂгЂЂ antibody treatment, nNOS and smooth muscle
content were both compatible with the control groups.
Conclusion: In this study we showed anti-TNF-гЂЂгЂЂ could reverse the detrimental effects of hyperPRL upon erectile
function in +AP rats. The recovery of nNOS expression and smooth content might imply that anti-TNF-гЂЂгЂЂгЂЂ treatment a
potential therapeutic agent to hyperPRL-related erectile dysfunction.
PP21
STORAGE LOWER URINARY TRACT SYMPTOMS ARE PRONOUNCED IN MIDDLE-AGED MEN WITH ERECTILE
DYSFUNCTION
1
Wei-Kung Tsai
1
Mackay Memorial Hospital (Taiwan)
Objective: Lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) and Erection (ED) are extremely prevalent in aging men. The results of
several large-scale studies have shown a consistent and strong relationship between LUTS and ED but storage and
voiding symptoms have different bothersome impacts for aged male. The objective of this study was to assess the
correlation of erectile dysfunction and LUTS subtypes in different age groups.
Methods: A total of 210 men visited our clinic for erectile dysfunction was investigated and
132 patients were included in
the final data. The International Prostate Symptom Scores (IPSS) including storage subscore and voiding subscore,
International Index of Erectile Function-5 (IIEF-5), serum testosterone level of patients were reviewed and analyzed by
paired t test and Pearson correlation coefficients.
Results: The mean age was 57.2 years. The Pearson correlation coefficient was -0.267
(P= < 0.001) in IIEF-5 and IPSS
total score, -0.2 in voiding subscore and IIEF-5 score (p=0.01), and -0.312 in storage subscore and IIEF-5 score (p <
0.001). But after stratification by age, significant negative correlation was both found in storage and voiding subscore to
IIEF-5 score (r=-0.322, -0.368; p=0.044, 0.024) in age older than 60 years old. Significant negative correlation was found
between storage subscore and IIEF-5 score in age 50-59 (r=-0.299; p=0.009) and age younger than 50 (r=-0.301;
p=0.026), but no correlation for voiding subscore in age 50-59 (r=-0.059; p=0.326) and age younger than 50 (r=-0.237;
p=0.065) (table 1). Serum testosterone did not correlate to IPSS and IIEF-5 scores (p>0.05).
Conclusion: Although LUTS and ED have a strong association at previous clinical study and pathophysiologic hypotheses,
our results revealed storage urinary tract symptoms are more closely related to erectile dysfunction than voiding symptoms
in middle-age men. In the group of age over 60 years. There are significant negative correlations for both subscores with
IIEF-5.
PP22
THE TIMING OF FIRST SEXUAL INTERCOURSE AMONG CHINESE ADOLESCENTS: A NATIONAL STUDY
1
2
1
1
1
Wei Guo , Zheng Wu , Yue Qiu , Gong Chen , Xiaoying Zheng
1
Institute of Population Research, Peking University (China)
2
Department of Sociology, University of Victoria (Canada)
Purpose: The timing of first sexual intercourse among adolescents has far reaching implications for their physical,
psychological and social transition into their adult life. However, research on this issue has long been hampered by a
heavy lack of adequate data in China. It is therefore important here to address this research gap using the first nationally
representative sample data.
Materials and methods: Using the newly data set collected in late 2009 and early 2010 from a nation-wide survey First
National Youth Reproductive Health Survey (FNYRHS) in China of 22,288 unmarried youth aged 15-24, of whom 22.4%
reported having had sexual intercourse, this study estimated the median age at first sex by gender, household registration
and region based on life-table techniques, and then determined the gender-specific contextual and individual
socioeconomic hazard ratio of sexual activity among adolescents in each group based on Cox regression models.
Results: Overall, the adolescents in the sample had a median age at first sex of 23.8years. The males and the urban
adolescents reported similar ages (about 23.5 years). Females, rural adolescents, and the adolescents in Eastern China
also reported similar ages (about 24.1 years). The adolescents in Western China had the lowest observed median (about
23.1 years). And the adolescents in Central China had a median age at first sex of 23.8years. Distinctive differences in
plots of observed survivor functions by gender, household registration and region are also examined.
results simultaneously show that gender, household registration, school sex education,
The Cox model
region, educational attainment,
father’s educational attainment, mother’s educational attainment , family structure are all significantly associated with the
onset of the sexual transition event. Finally, we find that the significant covariates except of mother’s educational
attainment in Cox model affect the timing to first sexual intercourse in the same direction for males and females in
subsequent Gender-stratified Cox models.
And mother’s education attainment is still significant for males only here.
Conclusion: In order to influence sexual behavior and support delays in sexual initiation of Chinese adolescents it may thus
be appropriate to employ related health promotion activities focusing upon familial and societal structural factors, as a
supplement to traditional methods of sex education.
PP23
THE ATTTITUDE ABOUT PHOSPHODIESTERASE TYPE 5 INHIBITORS AMONG PHARMACISTS—A LOCAL
OBSERVATIONAL STUDY
1
1
Chih-Cheng Lu , Wen-Chou Fan
1
Chi Mei Medical Center, Liouying (Taiwan)
Objective: To understand and evaluate the attitude about use of phosphodiesterase type 5 inhibitors (PDE5I) among the
professional pharmacists
Methods: A non-validated attitude questionnaire with Lickert-type scale was applied to a local professional pharmacist
group in the south of Taiwan. The questionnaire consisted of 3 kinds of questions. The first type of questions was for
possible self-use of PDE5I if the pharmacists had ED. The second type of questions was for possible recommending use
of PDE5I to the other ED patients who had close relationship to the pharmacists. The third type of questions was for the
possible role of taking PDE5I to cure ED. Which kind of PDE5I was thought to be most common used (prescribed by
physicians) in their practice was also surveyed.
Results: This study was performed in July, 2011. One hundred and ninety five cases were enrolled anonymously. There
were 84 male and 111 female. The mean age was 47.0 years (ranged from 24 to 80). If the male pharmacists had ED,
more than seventy percent (62/84) of them would possibly take PDE5I for themselves in advance. In some ED patients
who had close relationship with the pharmacists, sixty percent (117/195) of the pharmacists would possibly recommend
PDE5I use for them. For ED treatment, thirty-nine percent of the pharmacists thought that taking PDE5I to cure the ED was
impossible. Among the 3 PDE5I available in Taiwan, The most prescribed PDE5I among the pharmacists in the study was
Sildenafil. Fourteen percent of the pharmacists did not have the clinical experience for PDE5I prescription.
Conclusion: From this limited study in the attitude about PDE5I among the professional group, over seventy percent of the
pharmacists would possibly take PDEI themselves once they had ED. Sildenafil is the most common known prescribed
PDE5I among the pharmacists. Further and larger studies are warranted to confirm the findings.
PP24
METABOLIC SYNDROME IN HONG KONG PATIENTS WITH ERECTILE DYSFUNCTION
1
Ho-Yin Ngai , Steve Wai-Hee Chan
1
1
Division of Urology, Department of Surgery, Queen Elizabeth Hospital (Hong Kong)
Purpose:
The association between Erectile Dysfunction (ED), Metabolic syndrome (MetS) and cardiovascular disease
has been recognized. Our aim is to evaluate the incidence of MetS in Chinese patients with erectile dysfunction (ED) from
Hong Kong.
Materials and methods:
This is a prospective study enrolling patients with ED, who were referred to our Andrology clinic
(as a tertiary referral center in Hong Kong) for assessment from March 2011 to July 2011.
Patient characteristics were
recorded, physical assessment and biochemical investigations were performed, and data was collected for analysis.
Results: Totally 60 Chinese patients with ED are included in the study. The median IIEF-5 score is 10. The mean age was
56 years (range: 32 – 76). Half of the patients were either smoker (18.3%, n=11) and ex-smoker (31.7%, n=19).
Hypertension (50%, n=30) and Diabetes (33.3%, n=20) were the major underlying morbidities. Mean duration of ED
symptoms were 34 months.
Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is defined according to the National Cholesterol Education Program Adult Treatment Panel III
(NCEP-ATPIII) criteria in 2005: hypertension, high fasting plasma glucose, low HDL-cholesterol, hypertriglyceridaemia and
waist circumference ≥90cm (redefined waist circumference for Chinese men according to World Health Organization
Western Pacific Region, International Association for the Study of Obesity and International Obesity Task Force). The
incidence of MetS was 38.3%. Hypertension (80%) and impaired glucose tolerance/ diabetes (51.7%) remain the main
contributing factors.
Conclusion: This is the first study from Hong Kong to evaluate the incidence of MetS regarding the Chinese patients with
ED. Such a high incidence (38.3%) of MetS in Hong Kong is similar to figures from American and European populations
with ED. The effort in screening and managing the MetS serves as an important part of the holistic care of patients having
ED.
PP26
ASSESSMENT OF ERECTILE FUNCTION IN OVERWEIGHT AND OBESE PATIENTS
1
2
3
1
1
1
2
1
Heng-Jun Xiao , Jun Chen , Xiao-Yong Pu , Hao Zhang , Xiao-Peng Liu , Yan Zhang , Bin Zhang , Xin Gao
1
Department of Urology, the Third Affiliated Hospital of SUN Yat-sen University (China)
2
Department of infertility & sexual medicine, the Third Affiliated Hospital of SUN Yat-sen University (China)
3
Department of Urology, Guangdong Provincial People’s Hospital (China)
Introduction: The prevalence of obesity is growing with the rapid improvement of Chinese living standard in the past thirty
years and it is receiving increasing research attention. Obesity has been regarded as one of the most important risk factors
for some diseases such as cardiovascular disease (CVD), erectile dysfunction (ED), metabolic syndrome (MS), and type 2
diabetes mellitus (DM2). Body mass index (BMI) is widely used to identify metabolic syndrome as an important parameter
of obesity. This study is designed to describe their erectile function and the risk factors for CVD in overweight and obese
patients from China mainland.
Objective: To assess erectile function and the risk factors for CVD in overweight and obese patients.
Methods: A total of 46 overweight and obese male patients more than 20 yr of age who have presented as dyslipidemia
were recruited and it was randomly compared with 48 normal weight men as a control group. Based on BMI, patients were
grouped into normal (BMI < 24kg/m/m), overweight (24 < or=BMI < 28kg/m/m), and obesity (BMI>or=28kg/m/m). Erectile
function was evaluated according to the International Index of Erectile Function (IIEF) scores. The presences of risk factors
for CVD were identified in all the men.
Results: High BMI (BMI>or=24kg/m/m) showed greater incidence of ED and increased risk factors for CVD compared with
normal BMI group. ED was significantly associated with obesity (P < 0.01), whereas the incidence of ED in overweight
patients was not higher than those who had normal BMI (P>0.05). IIEF in normal, overweight and obesity patients was
22.5В±1.9, 21.3В±2.6 and 17.3В±4.2, and the prevalences of CVD in three groups were reported by 4.2% (2/48), 12.0% (3/25),
and 23.8% (5/21), respectively.
Conclusion: Men with high BMI, especially obesity, have more prevalences of ED and CVD. These findings suggest that
they have some common risk factors for both pathogenetic conditions which link ED and CVD.
PP27
PERCEPTION OF ERECTILE DYSFUNCTION (ED) AS A MEDICAL CONDITION BY POPULATION WITH VARIED
EDUCATIONAL BACKGROUND
1
1
Mun Yee Siaw , George EngGiap Lee
1
Monash University Sunway Campus (Malaysia)
Purpose:
Erectile Dysfunction (ED) is a common sexual dysfunction affecting men and is associated with significant
comorbidities such as dyslipidaemia and hypertension. Perception towards ED is one of the main factors in determining
patient’s help-seeking behaviour. We conducted a study aimed at exploring males and females’ perception towards ED
from various education backgrounds.
Materials and methods:
Three thousand three hundred and seventy two subjects (2032 males and 1340 females)
voluntarily recruited from an urban tertiary hospital, were administered a pre-tested questionnaire on ED. The subjects
were grouped into 2 categories according to their gender. Comparison was also made with subject’s education level taken
into account.
Results: In general, most subjects perceive ED as a medical condition with reported percentage of 74.5% in males and
76.6% in females. Despite that, the vast majority of subjects likewise perceive ED as a lifestyle and psychological condition
as well. Overall, 68.3% of males and 67.8% of females reported ED as a lifestyle condition whereas 75.2% and 73.7% of
males and females respectively deem ED to be a psychological condition. Comparing subject’s education level, 40.8% of
males who reported ED as a medical condition only had high school qualifications while 33.8% graduated from university.
Similar results were observed in females where out of the 76.6% of females who believed that ED is a medical condition,
38.2% obtained high school qualifications only while 37.2% were university graduates.
Conclusion: ED is commonly perceived as a medical condition regardless of gender and education level. Nevertheless,
this medical condition is not taken seriously by both males and females in view of their simultaneous perception that ED is
likewise a lifestyle and psychological condition as well. This mixed misconception will directly affect one’s help-seeking
behaviour. Essentially, added emphasis should be placed on patient education in order to highlight ED as a medical
condition and its correlation with comorbidities such as heart condition.
PP28
PERCEPTION OF ERECTILE DYSFUNCTION (ED) AS A MEDICAL CONDITION BY POPULATION WITH DIFFERENT
SEXUAL ACTIVITY STATUS
1
1
Mun Yee Siaw , George EngGiap Lee
1
Monash University Sunway Campus (Malaysia)
Purpose: Erectile Dysfunction (ED) is a common sexual dysfunction affecting men and is associated with significant
comorbidities such as dyslipidaemia and hypertension. Perception towards ED is one of the chief factors governing
patient’s help-seeking behaviour. We conducted a study aimed at exploring the general public’s perception towards ED
among sexually active and non-sexually active people.
Materials and methods: Three thousand three hundred and seventy two subjects (2032 males and 1340 females)
voluntarily recruited from an urban tertiary hospital, were administered a pre-tested questionnaire on ED. The subjects
were grouped into 2 categories according to their sexual activity status.
Results: Of the 3372 respondents, 64.4% were sexually active within the past 6 months while 35.6% had no sexual activity
within the past 6 months. Overall, 75.3% of respondents reported ED as a medical condition. The vast majority of them
were sexually active with a reported percentage of 48.8%. In contrast, only 26.5% of non-sexually active respondents
believed that ED was a medical condition.
Conclusion: Individuals who are sexually active commonly perceive Erectile Dysfunction as a medical condition in
comparison to non-sexually active individuals. Identification of this significant difference in Erectile Dysfunction perception
between sexually active and non-sexually active individuals poses a question as to whether this difference in perception is
due to sexual activity affecting public’s perception of Erectile Dysfunction or vice versa; public’s perception of Erectile
Dysfunction affecting their sexual activity. Essentially, patient education and awareness, with the added emphasis on
non-sexually active individuals, is crucial in order to highlight Erectile Dysfunction as a medical condition and its correlation
with comorbidities such as heart condition.
PP29
PERCEPTION OF ERECTILE DYSFUNCTION (ED) AS A MEDICAL CONDITION BY POPULATION OF DIFFERENT
AGE GROUPS
1
1
Mun Yee Siaw , George EngGiap Lee
1
Monash University Sunway Campus (Malaysia)
Purpose: Erectile Dysfunction (ED) is a common sexual dysfunction affecting men and is associated with significant
comorbidities such as dyslipidaemia and hypertension. Perception towards ED is one of the chief factors governing
patient’s help-seeking behaviour. We conducted a study aimed at exploring the general public’s perception of ED as a
medical condition from various age groups.
Materials and methods: Three thousand three hundred and seventy two subjects (2032 males and 1340 females)
voluntarily recruited from an urban tertiary hospital, were administered a pre-tested questionnaire on ED. The subjects
were grouped into 5 categories according to their age groups.
Results: In general, majority of subjects perceive ED as a medical condition with reported percentage of 75.3%. Perception
of ED as a medical condition was at its lowest with a mere 10.2% among youths aged between 18-25years. An increase
was observed among those who were 26-35years where 18% of subjects believed ED to be a medical condition whereas
only 14.3% was observed in subjects aged 36-45years. Above all, subjects aged 46-55years recorded the highest
percentage with 19.5% of them reporting ED as a medical condition. For subjects aged above 55years, a slight dip in ED
perception was noticed with reported percentage of 13.3% only.
Conclusion: The anticipated increase in Erectile Dysfunction perception as a medical condition with increasing age was not
observed. This poses as a worrying issue considering that incidence of Erectile Dysfunction is increasingly prevalent with
age; specifically after 45years of age. More importantly, this low awareness among the general public will directly affect
one’s help-seeking behaviour. Essentially, patient education and awareness, with added emphasis on individuals aged
45years and above, is crucial in order to highlight Erectile Dysfunction as a medical condition and its correlation with
comorbidities such as heart condition.
PP30
ANALYSIS OF THE FACTORS WHICH HAVE EFFECTS ON ERECTILE FUNCTION; THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN
ERECTILE FUNCTION AND LOWER URINARY TRACT SYMPTOMS
1
2
2
2
2
2
Kazuyoshi Shigehara , Eitetsu Koh , Kazuhiro Sugimoto , Masashi Iijima , Yuji Maeda , Hiroyuki Konaka , Teruaki
3
2
Iwamoto , Mikio Namiki
1
1) Department of Urology, Ishikawa Prefectural Central Hospital (Japan)
2
2) Department of Integrative Cancer Therapy and Urology, Kanazawa University Graduate School of Medical Science
(Japan)
3
3) Center for Infertility and IVF, International University of Health and Welfare (Japan)
Purpose: We analyzed some factors which can have effects on erectile function to elucidate the relationship between
erectile function and lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) or metabolic syndrome.
Materials and methods: Two hundred-four male patients were enrolled in this study. The patients with prostate cancer,
histories of pelvic surgery, and current administration of testosterone or anti-androgenic agents, were not eligible. Each
patient replied the questionnaires such as International index of erectile function (IIEF) 5, Aging Male Score (AMS) and
International prostate symptom score (IPSS). In addition, body mass index (BMI), west size, and muscle volume were
measured from all patients. In addition, blood biochemical analysis including free testosterone (FT), total cholesterol
(Tchol), triglyceride (TG), and HbA1c were also evaluated. We tried to identify any parameters which could have effect on
IIEF5 score.
Results: Mean patient’s age was 64.9±8.7 (ranged from 42 to 87), and IIEF5, IPSS, west size, BMI, and FT value were
11.4В±6.4, 9.7В±8.7, 86.6В±9.2 cm, 23.8В±4.0, and 7.3В±2.2pg/mL, respectively. FT value showed a significant inverse
correlation with age (r=-0.321) as reported by a previous Japanese large-population study. The parameters which had
significant correlations with IIEF5 were age (r=-0.357), IPSS(r=-0.296), and muscle volume (r=0.140). However, since age
demonstrated significant associations with many of parameters. Thus, when all parameters were controlled for age, IPSS
and AMS were the meaningful factors which had effects on IIEF5 (r=-0.218, and r=-0.195, respectively). In addition, further
sub-analysis demonstrated that IIEF5 showed inverse correlations with the voiding domains (IPSS No1, 3, 5, 6, and 7
domains) and all of three AMS domains (psychotic, physical and erectile domains). On the other hand, west size, BMI, FT
value, Tchol, TG, and HbA1c did not have a significant correlation with IIEF5 in the present study.
Conclusion: Age showed a strongest correlation with erectile function. Furthermore, voiding symptoms of LUTS and AMS
were also likely to have some potential effects on erectile function.
PP31
THE DEVELOPMENT OF SELF-RATING LIBIDO SCALE FOR MALE
1
1
1
2
1
1
Bin Zhang , Tao Qi , Jun Chen , Hengjun Xiao , Bao Wang , Xiaoming Li
1
Department of Infertility and Sexual Medicine, The Third Affiliated Hospital, Sun Yat-Sen University (China)
2
Department of Urology, The Third Affiliated Hospital, Sun Yat-Sen University (China)
Purpose: To develop initially a self-rating libido scale for male (SRLS-M) and apply it to clinical practice.
Materials and methods: Firstly we redefinited libido according to CCMD-3, ICD-10 and previous study of parasexuality.
Secondly we proposed four aspects as: potential libido, tempting libido, occasional libido, common desire. Structurely
designed each item to compose the category according to the definition of libido. In order to abbreviate the items of the
scale ,the experts gave a mark to each item and deleted the lower. Thirdly, we pretested the 20 items scale and selected
the suit items to compose the formal 13 items scale. Finally we analyzed the reliability and validity of the 13 items scale
through 276 effective responsive questionnaires and 50 were retested.
Results: в‘ Reliability: The re-test reliability after two weeks was 0.931. Alpha of homogeneity reliability was 0.8362. в‘Ў
Validity: Between HS and NORM, the rate of diagnosing the HS was 92.85%. between HS and ED, the rate of diagnosing
HS was 100% while ED was 87.87%. between HS and PE, the rate of diagnosing HS was 92.85% while PE was 87.09%.
в‘ўTotally 13 items in scale. The results of factor analysis were four factors such as potential libido, tempting libido,
occasional libido, common desire.
Conclusion: в‘ This 13 items scale is comprehensive and it rates libido from all aspects of the definition of libido. It can
quantitate libido. в‘ЎThis 13 items scale is good in reliability and validity. It can discriminate HS from other male sexual
dysfunctions.
PP32
CLINICAL INVESTIGATION OF PATIENTS WITH EJACULATORY DYSFUNCTION AND MALE INFERTILITY
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
Yasushi Miyagawa , Tetsuya Takao , Hidenobu Okuda , Keisuke Yamamoto , Shinichiro Fukuhara , Iwao Yoshioka ,
2
2
3
1
Yasuhiro Matsuoka , Akira Tsujimura , Hingo Takada , Kiyomi Matsumiya , Yoshio Okamoto , Norio Nonomura
1
Department of Urology, Osaka University Graduate School of Medicine (Japan)
2
Department of Urology, Osaka Police Hospital (Japan)
3
Okamoto Clinic (Japan)
Purpose: Ejaculatory dysfunction (EjD) is relatively uncommon, but not rare, cause of male infertility. Ejaculatory infertility
is sometimes a challenge for the treating physician. We summarize our recent clinical experience of treatment for patients
with EjD and male infertility.
Methods and Materials: Medical charts of 60 infertile men with EjD treated at Osaka University Hospital or an affiliated
infertility clinic between 2005 and 2010 were reviewed by retrospective analysis. Patients’ characteristics including serum
hormone profiles, complications and etiologies, and treatments/ outcomes were analyzed according to the types of EjD.
Results: The average age of all patients was 36.9 yrs, while wives’ was 31.4 yrs. Of 60 patients, 4 (7%) were retrograde
ejaculation (RE), 10 (17%) were anejaculation (AE) and 46 (77%) were delayed ejaculation (DE) during intercourse.
Among 14 patients of RE/AE, four (29%) were orally administrated with amoxapine but none achieved antegrade
ejaculation and 11 (79%) utilized assisted reproductive technology (ART) including TESE/ICSI. 41 (89%) of 46 patients of
DE were initially treated with PDE5I and 10 (24%) could ejaculate inside vagina and 28 (61%) proceeded to ART such as
artificial insemination of husband. Overall, 14 (23%) achieved pregnancy and 11 (18%) got delivery during follow-up.
Conclusion: Even ART could not offer satisfactory outcome as for infertility in this series and the development of new
integrated therapeutic alternatives for EjD associated with infertility will be necessary to maximize success rates.
PP35
PENILE DUPLEX ULTRASONOGRAPHY IN MEN WITH PEYRONIE'S DISEASE: VENO-OCCLUSIVE DYSFUNCTION
OR POOR CAVERNOSAL ARTERIAL INFLOW; CLINICAL INSIGHTS TO DIFFERENTIATE THEIR CONTRIBUTIONS
TO ED.
1
2
Eric Chung , Ling De Young , Gerald Brock
1
Princess Alexandra Hospital (Australia)
2
St Joseph Health Care (Canada)
2
Objective: At least 20% of men with Peyronie's disease (PD) suffer from erectile dysfunction (ED). The fundamental
mechanism is thought to arise from the progression of fibrosis limited to the PD plaque within the tunica albuginea.
However recent studies have highlighted the possibility of fibrosis of the cavernosal vessel media wall leading to
impairment of arterial inflow.
This study evaluates penile duplex ultrasonographic findings in men with PD who have ED and determines whether early
features of PD might predict clinical progression.
Methods: We performed a retrospective review of all men presenting with penile curvature and length loss who underwent
penile colour duplex ultrasonography (CDU) between January 2001 and January 2010. Patient demographic,
comorbidities, International Index of Erectile Function-5 (IIEF-5) scores, surgical intervention and physical findings were
documented. Penile curvature, plaque size, peak systolic and end-diastolic velocities on CDU were recorded.
Results: A total of 1120 men underwent penile CDU during the 10 year period. Complete information was obtained in 810
men with 250 men complained of decreased penile rigidity while 150 men were unable to sustain erection. Comorbidities
were similar between PD men with and without ED. Tunical thickening (65%) was the most common CDU feature and
mean cumulative calcifications was 24.2mm2 (1 to 360 mm2, SD 76). The peak systolic and end-diastolic velocities on the
right cavernosal artery were 14.2 cm/s and 3.5 cm/s, while the left cavernosal artery measurements were 15.1 cm/s and
3.2 cm/s. Multivariate logistic regression model showed strong correlation between plaque size and development of ED.
Both veno-occlusive dysfunction and impaired cavernosal arterial inflow were associated with ED.
Conclusion: Veno-occlusive dysfunction and impaired cavernosal arterial inflow contributed to the development of ED with
larger plaque size being the best predictor of progression to surgical intervention.
PP36
THE CLINICAL EFFICACY OF HIGH DOSE VARDENAFIL FOR ERECTILE DYSFUNCTION IN ELDER OR PATIENTS
WITH METABOLIC SYNDROME
1
1
1
1
Toshiyasu Amano , Masaya Seki , Tetsuya Imao , Katsurou Takemae
1
Department of Urology, Nagano Red Cross Hospital (Japan)
Purpose: The purpose of this study is to make sure the efficacy and safety of high dose vardenafil for erectile dysfunction
(ED), especially elder and/or patients with metabolic syndrome or life-related disease.
Materials and methods:
Total 125 ED patients have been treated with high dose (20mg) vardenafil on demand, and its
efficacy and safety were analyzed. The evaluation of efficacy for erection was excellent (enough hardness and
maintenance), good (fair hardness and maintenance), fair (possible sexual intercourse, but not so good hardness or
maintenance), poor (slight erection, but impossible sexual intercourse) and none (no response at all). Adverse reactions
were recorded at the same time.
Results: (1) International index of erectile function (IIEF 5) obtained from total 125 ED patients was 7.8 +/- 3.9. The efficacy
of high dose vardenafil was excellent in 47 (37.6%), good in 51 (40.8%), fair in 12 (9.6%), poor in 4 (3.2%) and non in 11
(8.8%), respectively. The adverse reactions as headache in 5 and hot flash in 4 (7.2%) were observed, however they were
not serious at all. (2) IIEF 5 score was 7.7 +/- 4.1 in 79 patients under 64 years old and 7.8 +/- 3.8 in 46 patients over 65
years old. The results of excellent, good, fair, poor and none were 30 (38.0%), 30 (38.0%), 8 (10.1%), 4 (5.0%) and 7
(8.9%) in under 64 years old group, and 17 (37.0%), 21 (45.6%), 4 (8.7%), 0 (0%) and 4 (8.7%) in over 65 years old group,
respectively. There are no statistic differences between two aged groups. (3) Fifty three patients without metabolic
syndrome or life related disease and 44 with metabolic syndrome or life related diseases were also analyzed after
excluding neurogenic ED or ED after intra pelvic surgery.
IIEF 5 score was 8.9 +/- 3.7 in 53 patients without metabolic
syndrome or life related disease and 7.3 +/- 3.4 in 44 patients with metabolic syndrome or life related disease, respectively.
The distributions of excellent, good, fair, poor and none were 23 (43.4%), 25 47.2%), 3 (5.6%), 0 (0%) and 2 (3.8%) in
without complications group, and 18 (40.9%), 18 (40.9%), 6 (13.7%), 0 (0%) and 2 (4.5%) in with metabolic syndrome or
life related disease group, respectively. There are no statistic differences between two aged groups.
Conclusion: In this study, high dose vardenafil is effective and safety treatment for ED. In addition, the efficacy for the elder
ED patients is not inferior to that for the younger group. Furthermore, high dose vardenafil is effective enough for ED
patients with metabolic syndrome or life-related disease.
PP37
TWO DIFFERENT TYPE OF PRIAPISM AND JAPANESE EXPERIENCE OF PRIAPISM
1
1
1
1
2
3
Kenro Yamamoto , Haruaki Sasaki , Keiichiro Aoki , Michiya Ota , Yasutada Onodera , Yoshio Ogawa
1
Showa University Fujigaoka Hospital (Japan)
2
Onodera Clinic (Japan)
3
Showa University (Japan)
1) A case of non-ischemic priapism
16 years old high school student
After bluntly trauma of perineum, he recognized macroscopic hematuria. He was diagnosed urethral injury and received
indwelling urethral catheter for 6 days. After removed indwelling catheter, he noticed partial erection without pain. The
cavernous blood gas analysis was arterial pattern, pH 7.449, PO2 80.3 mmHg, PCO2 37.2 mmHg. Color Doppler study of
cavernosum demonstrated bilateral cavernous arterial injury, left side injury was predominantly than right cavernosum.
We had recommended him and his family to observation therapy. However, they hoped immediately therapeutic option
because he could not miss his school more over. Bilateral pudendal arteriography revealed bilateral cavernosal arterial
injury. We performed embolization using autologous clots and non-absorbable material. After embolization, persistent
erection disappeared immediately. Spontaneous erection recovered 11 days after embolization.
2) A case of ischemic priapism
63 years man noticed prolonged erection with pain after masturbation. Penile erection was complete. He went to near
hospital four days after onset. Cavernous blood gas analysis in the penis showed a marked acidosis and hypoxia with
pH6.573, PCO2 101.7mmHg, PO2 3.5mmHg. We initially tried aspiration using 21 gauge needle without injection of an
adrenergic agonist. However we failed to induce detumescence. Emergency operation was performed. We had managed
a percutaneous cavernosum-glans surgical shunt procedure. Despite the T-shunt procedure and Burnett method, priapism
was continued. Finally we had underwent Al-Ghorab method. Although priapism was disappeared, spontaneous erection
has not recovered.
3) We will introduce the Japanese 10 years experience of two different type of priapism.
PP38
EFFICACY AND SAFETY OF CLOMIPRAMINE HYDROРЎHLORIDE
CONTAINING NASAL SPRAY FOR THE
TREATMENT OF PREMATURE EJACULATION
1
1
Sh. Shavakhabov , A. Fozilov
1
Republic Specialized Center of Urology. Dept. of Andrology (Uzbekistan)
Purpose: The aim of the study is to evaluate the efficacy and safety of nasal spray, containing Clomipramine hydrochloride
(CL) at the treatment of men with premature ejaculation (PE)
Materials and methods: The single blinded, randomized, placebo controlled parallel trial included 58 heterosexual men
(mean of age 33+1.8 years), who had stable monogamous sexual relations and self-reported intravaginal ejaculation
latency time (IELT) of less than 2 minutes during the period at least 6 last months. The clinical study has been approved by
institutional ethical committee. Then underwent assessment in accordance with International Society for Sexual Medicine
guidelines. After two weeks washout period patients were randomized to receive either single dose 4mg nasal CL spray
(n-36), or nasal placebo spray (n-22), in daily regimen at 1 hour before usual sleeping/intercourse time. Men were
prospectively followed up for 8 weeks. Every 4th week of treatment patient condition was assessed by self-reported IELT,
Chinese Index of Premature Ejaculation (CIPE) and International Index of Erectile Function (IIEF-5). The primary
endpoints were the self-reported IELT and CIPE score, secondary endpoints include IIEF-5 and adverse effects of the
drug.
Results: The trial was completed by 55(95%) men. The mean IELT increased from pre-treatment values of 31.3 + 20.4 and
32.4 + 24.7seconds to 146.2+ 45.6 and 41.7 + 38.3 seconds post treatment respectively for CL spray and placebo (p <
0.001). Baseline mean CIPE scores 30.5+ 2.3 and 32.1+3.4 reached to 45.2+4.6 and 33.4+ 6 at 8-week treatment for CL
spray and placebo, respectively (p < 0.05). The differences between initial and post-post treatment IIEF-5 values in both
groups were statistically insignificant. The most common observed side effects was nasal irritation (5 patients in CL spray
and 1 in placebo groups), but it was transient and well tolerated. The other adverse effects occurred in 2 patients of CL
group were dry mouth and headache. 1 patient with nasal irritation and 2 patients with headaches stopped of therapy.
Conclusion: This study showed that CL nasal spray was more efficacious than placebo and well tolerated. The common
adverse effects were mild and self-limited. Further studies with different groups of patients are necessary to draw final
conclusions on the efficacy of CL nasal spray in PE.
PP39
THE DARK SIDE OF SSRI
1
Yasusuke Kimoto
1
Department of Urology, Spinal Injuries Center (Japan)
Purpose: The term “Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitor (SSRI)” was manufactured by SmithKlineBeecham (now
GlaxoSmithKline) in the early 1990’s. Nowadays, tons of SSRI having been prescribed to treat depression all over the
world. At the same time, SSRIs are used to treat Premature Ejaculation (PE). According to the AUA guideline, “Premature
ejaculation can be treated effectively with several serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SRIs) or with topical anesthetics”. I
focused on the safety of SSRI.
Materials and methods: I made a search through PubMed in the last 20 years by the key words of SSRI and
suicide/violence.
Results:
Two key papers were found; Fergusson D et al. Association between suicide attempts and selective serotonin
reuptake inhibitors: systematic review of randomized controlled trials. BMJ 2005;330: and Healey D et al. Antidepressants
and violence: problems at the interface of madicine and law. PLos Med 2006;3:1478-1487. A systematic review by
Fergusson showed that a significant increase in the odds (2.28: 1.14-4.55) of suicidal attempt in patients on SSRI
compared with patients on placebo.
Conclusion: Premature ejaculation is a benign disease or a QoL disease. When you treat your PE patient with SSRI, you
should discuss with him very carefully about the benefits and this very fatal risk of this chemical.
PP41
2 CASES OF PREMATURE EJACULATION INDUCED BY LUMBOSACRAL NERVE INJURY
1
1
1
1
1
1
Bin Zhang , Jun Chen , Tao Qi , Bo Wang , Xiaoming Li , Shiqin Chen
1
Department of Infertility and Sexual Medicine, The Third Affiliated Hospital, Sun Yat-Sen University (China)
Purpose: To report 2 cases of premature ejaculation induced by lumbosacral nerve injury.
Materials and methods: Case1, a 35-year-old married male patient received lumbar discectomy in the hospital because of
L5-S1 intervertebral disc protrution. He got sexual dysfunction and didn’t have a sufficient erection to have sexual activity
after the operation, but he could ejaculate during each sexual intercourse. Case 2, a 25-year-old unmarried male patient,
dropped to the ground when working on a high place, and got vertebral compression fractures of L1 and L2. After the
trauma, the patient ejaculated frequently when he was sexually excited. The 2 patients were examined of penis vibratory
sensation neurologic examination and nocturnal penile tumescence.
Results: The 2 patients’ cremasteric reflexs weren’t obvious and their penis glans vibratory sensations were low. And
nocturnal penile tumescence test indicated that their erections were in good condition. The patient in case 1 ejaculated
during penis neurologic examination. The patient in case 2 watched the erotic video 2 times in 4 hours and ejaculated in 2
minutes when he began watching the video both times.
Conclusion: Lumbosacral nerve injury possibly lowers the threshold of ejaculation centre in the lumbosaeral region.
PP42
INVESTIGATION OF INTRAVAGINAL EJACULATORY LATENCY TIME IN COUPLES
1
1
1
1
1
1
Bin Zhang , Jun Chen , Tao Qi , Bo Wang , Xiaoming Li , Shiqin Chen
1
Department of Infertility and Sexual Medicine, The Third Affiliated Hospital, Sun Yat-Sen University (China)
Purpose: To assess the effect of premature ejaculation (PE) on the quality of sexual activity.
Materials and methods:121 couples carried out a questionnaire survey questionnaire including actual intravaginal
ejaculatory latency time (IELT), expected IELT of males and their spouses, the impact of PE on the orgasm and the
satisfaction in the sexual intercourse. And there were 80 PE couples and 41 normal control couples. IELTs were measured
by female partners using a stopwatch.
Results: The actual IELT of PE group was 1.8±1.3min and males’ expected IELT in this group was 15.6±9.4min. The actual
IELT of normal control group was 13.8±10.7min and males’ expected IELT in this group was 22.8±18min. The difference
between expected IELT and actual IELT of males in PE group was 13.8В±9.3min, and the difference between expected IELT
and actual IELT of males in normal control was 8.4В±16.1min. Both the actual IELT and the expected IELT of males in PE
group were shorter than males in normal control group (P < 0.05), and the difference between expected IELT and actual
IELT of males in PE group was greater than males in normal control group (P < 0.05). The proportions of males in PE
group who had strong orgasm and satisfaction were 22% and 6% respectively, which were obviously lower compared with
males in normal control group whose proportions were 73% and 65% (P < 0.05). The proportions of female partners in PE
group who had strong orgasm and satisfaction were 4% and 1%, also lower than female partners in normal control group
whose proportions were 50% and 50% respectively (P < 0.05). The incidence rates of redundant prepuce in PE males and
normal males were 20.9% and 23.3% respectively, but there was no statistical difference in them (P>0.05)
Conclusion: PE has bad effect on sexual quality of sexual activity for both males and females. PE males’ demand of IELT is
lower than normal males, but the difference between expected IELT and actual IELT of PE males is greater than normal
males. And there’s no certain link between redundant prepuce and PE.
PP44
THE EFFECTS OF ORAL ADMINISTRATION OF DA-8031, A NOVEL COMPOUND FOR PREMATURE EJACULATION,
ON MALE RAT SEXUAL BEHAVIOR
1
1
1
JH Sung , GJ Ahn , KK Kang , SH Kim
1
1
Dong-A Pharmaceutical institute (Republic of Korea)
Purpose: DA-8031, which is being actively developed for premature ejaculation (PE), is a novel compound showing high
affinity and selectivity to the serotonin transporter. This study was undertaken to prove the effect of DA-8031 on ejaculation
and sexual behavior in animal model.
Materials and methods: DA-8031 is a PE treatment that repeated-administration showed no accumulation with short
half-life in rat. Male Sprague Dawley rats (n=18) were sexually experienced on four different occasions over 2 weeks and
sexual behavior was examined in cohorts. The behavioral trial lasted for 30minutes, during which the latency and
frequency of mountings, intromissions, ejaculations and post-ejaculatory interval were recorded. The rats were orally given
single dose of vehicle, DA-8031 (10mg/kg, 30mg/kg and 100mg/kg) and dapoxetine (100mg/kg) in random order
15minutes before the behavior test, using a crossover design.
Results: Single oral DA-8031 administration (100mg/kg) significantly delayed ejaculation latency time (p < 0.05) compared
with vehicle group (601.56В±52.78 seconds vs. 422.50В±41.66 seconds, respectively). The delay of ejaculation was
accompanied by an increase in the frequency of mountings and intromissions, which are the index of sexual libido, with no
significant. Delayed ejaculation latency in DA-8031 (100mg/kg) caused significant reduction in ejaculation frequency (p <
0.05). Dapoxetine (100mg/kg) significantly increased the mounting frequency with no delay in ejaculation latency.
Conclusion: These results demonstrated the efficacy of single oral DA-8031 administration in delaying ejaculation without
the sexual libido decrease. Libido was not reduced after dapoxetine administration but efficacy in delaying the ejaculation
latency was not proved in this animal model. It was suggested that DA-8031 might be a promising PE treatment drug, but
further evaluation in human should be performed.
PP45
MINIMALLY INVASIVE SURGERY FOR PENILE AUGMENTATION USING TYPE I COLLAGEN
1
1
Tae Kyoung Yun , Hoon Seog Jeon , Dong Wan Sohn
1
Manomedi Urologic Clinics (Republic of Korea)
2
The Catholic University of Korea (Republic of Korea)
2
Objective: Many penile augmentation has been performed with various materials and methods. Fat injection for penile
augmentation has complications like contour irregularities, fat migration and absorption. Recently, Type I collagen implant
has been used and the safety has been improved with surgical technique development. The aim of this study is to report
clinical safety and surgical techniques in complex phalloplasty using type I collagen.
Methods: Type I collagen derived from bovine pericardium (Lyoplantв—‹R) was used for phalloplasty. It has micro porous
fibrous structure for rapid and regular ingrowth of autologous connective tissue. We operated penile augmentation in 286
patients with Type I collagen. In the penile dorsal area, 1~2cm from the subglans was incised at a length of 3 to 5 cm and
was dissected from glans to the prepubic junction.
Then, a fundiform ligament was incised for lengthening. Implant was
designed according to the size of the penis and we incised multiple horizontal and vertical slits in collagen tissue using
knife for improving of graft survival. Thereafter, enhancement tissue was placed between the dartos fascia and Buck’s
fascia. The dartos fascis and skin were closed by 2 layers and whole body of penis except glans was wrapped up by
elasctic bandage evenly. To reduce nocturnal erectile pain and discomfort, we prescribed oral ketoconazole which can
reduce nocturnal erection.
Results: The mean operation time was about 40 minutes and most patients had sexual intercourse successfully after 1
month. The average augmented effect in circumference was 34% and mean penile length gain(flaccid penis) was 2.3cm.
Complications like graft failure was occurred in 3 patients(1%) and the graft was removed partially or entirely. Other
complications like inflammation or wound dehiscence were treated through conservative treatment.
Conclusion: This complex phalloplasty using Type I collagen implant with minimal incision showed positive results in safety
and effectiveness. In our experience, these technique may be a good choice in penile augmentation surgery in the future.
PP46
PENILE LENGTHENING FOR ADULT CONTRACTILE PENIS PRESERVING SUSPENSORY LIGAMENT
1
1
2
Tae Kyoun Yun , Hoon Seog Jeon , Dong Wan Sohn
1
Manomedi Urologic Clinics (Republic of Korea)
2
The Catholic University of Korea (Republic of Korea)
Objective: The resection of suspensory ligament has drawbacks such as the possibility of reattachment of the penis to the
pubis, a hump that forms at the base of the penis, in addition to alteration in the angle of erection. The aim of this study is
to report a simple and minimally invasive surgical technique for penile lengthening without cutting of suspensory ligament.
Methods: Dysgenetic dartos fascial band and hypermobility of penis are the common cause of contractile penis. So it is
important to collect these 2 points for correction of contractile penis. We performed penile surgery in 78 patients. All of
them were underwent minimally partial circumcision. Through the partial circumcision, dysgenetic dartos fascia was
dissected from glans to the prepubic junction. The repair is performed combination of tacking penile base to prepubic
fascia and anchoring subcutaneous penile skin to base of penile shaft for correction of hypermobility. The penis was
wrapped up by elastic bandage evenly for 2 weeks. The outcome of the operation is evaluated by measurement of penile
length before and after operation.
Results: The postoperative course was uneventful with no serious complications. The angle of erection (as reported by
patient) was similar to that prior to the procedure. The mean penile length gain(flaccid penis) was 2.5cm. There were 74
patients (95.5%) satisfied with the result and retraction occurred in 2 cases after 6 months.
Conclusion: The described technique is simple and minimally invasive. In our experience, these technique may be good
choice in adult contractile penis and there were no additional procedures required.
PP47
TREATMENT OF ABNORMALITY OF STABILITY OF PENILE ERECTION BY SUSPENSION OF PENIS (A SINGLE
CENTER EXPERIENCE WITH 3 PATIENTS)
1
1
2
1
Jun Chen , Bin Zhang , Hengjun Xiao , Tao Qi
1
Department of Infertility and Sexual Medicine, The Third Affiliated Hospital, Sun Yat-Sen University (China)
2
Department of Urology, The Third Affiliated Hospital, Sun Yat-Sen University (China)
Purpose: To assess the outcomes of treatment of abnormality of stability of penile erection by suspension of penis.
Materials and methods: Between December 2005 and November 2010, 3 patients diagnosed with abnormality of stability
of penile erection underwent suspension of penis. All cases were available for follow-up.
Results: After surgery, 3 patients were able to achieve satisfactory intercourse.
Conclusion: The new surgical technique of suspension of penis is a simple operative procedure, which seems to be
efficient in the treatment of abnormality of stability of penile erection.
PP48
DOES CIRCUMCISION DECREASE PENIS SENSITIVITY ?
1
Joon Yong Kim , Byung Moo Kim
1
1
Philip and Paul Medical Institute, Manomedi clinics (Republic of Korea)
Purpose: Circumcision is the longest and the most common penile surgery that has been conducted on the excuse of
cultural convention, personal hygiene, and disease prevention including balanitis. There have been discussions from the
medical perspective so far on the necessity of circumcision, the merits and demerits, and problems of circumcision, etc.
One of the many disputes regarding circumcision is the possibility of a decrease in penile sensitivity caused by
circumcision. Circumcision may cause edema in the distal penis including the incision line and histologic changes such as
an inflammatory tissue reaction to a certain degree, though it varies by patient; and, there might be a decrease in
sensitivity in the distal penis due to obstruction in the peripheral sensory nerves. The authors have measured penis
sensitivity after circumcision. This study aims to report the correlation between circumcision and a decrease in sensitivity of
the penis, compared to sensitivity in the state of phimosis.
Materials and methods:
A biothesiometry test was conducted on men who have phimosis and those who were
circumcised. For those who have phimosis, it was measured on the back area of the distal penis that is 1.5-2.0 cm from the
glans corona and on the front area of the proximal penis that is 1.5-2.0 cm from the penopubic junction. For those who
were circumcised, it was measured at the area between the glans corona and the incision line and on the front area of the
proximal penis that is 1.5-2.0 cm from the penopubic junction.
Results: The average age of men having phimosis is 41 years old (ranging from 21 to 62) and the number of subjects were
22 in total. The threshold from the distal penis and that from the proximal penis was 6.4 and 6.3, respectively. The average
age of men who were circumcised is 39 years old (ranging from 23 to 57) and the number of subjects were 81 in total. The
threshold from the distal penis and that from the proximal penis was 5.6 and 6.1, respectively.
Conclusion: This study showed that the sensitivity that was expected to decrease due to a histological change from
surgery turned out to be more sensitive on the distal area than on the proximal area. On the other hand, the men who were
circumcised showed less sensitivity on the distal area than on the proximal area. Although the subjects were small in
number, it is assumed from the findings that circumcision would not have any influence on a decrease in sensitivity of the
penis.
PP49
PENILE AUGMENTATION SURGERY USING ACELLULAR HUMAN DERMAL TISSUR WITH INJECTION METHOD.
1
Joon Yong Kim , Byung Moo Kim
1
1
Philip and Paul Medical Institute, Manomedi clinics (Republic of Korea)
Purpose: Penile augmentation surgery with tissue grafts through incision so far has been performed with; however, there
might be adverse effects such as a wound problem, a scar, pain, prolonged recovery time. Another augmentation method
is the injection of fat but there is the disadvantage of migration and a high reabsorption rate. As a result, current penile
augmentation surgery has been pursued for rapid recovery using a simple technique and natural appearance. We are to
introduce new methods for penile augmentation using acellular human dermal tissue with injection.
Materials and methods: Under the local anesthesia, according to the size of the penis and the augmentation size the
patient desired, about 3-6cc of dried acellular particulate dermal matrix combined with 1.5-1.8cc of lidocaine and 0.3cc of
gentamicin per 1cc of the tissue were injected to the three parts at the shaft of the penis.
Results: Retrospective investigation was done for this study with 121 cases from December 2007 to December 2009. 4cc
of acellular micronized dermal tissues on average were used for a one-time injection. 2 cases of local skin necrosis were
reported but it was treated through the conservatory treatment. There was little migrartion of the injected tissues after the
graft.
Conclusion: This surgical method does not require an incision and resulting in short operation and rapid recovery time.
There are few side effects. Therefore, for the men who experienced difficulty with penile augmentation surgery with the
preexisting techniques, for example, those who had physical health problems, or were of an older age, or were on special
medications, this surgical method could be recommended . It also may be considered a new technique that can be applied
for partial augmentation, correction of deformity, and reconstructive surgery as well
PP50
VULVODYNIA AND SEXUAL QUALITY OF LIFE
1
2
1
3
Ching-Hui Chen , Yen-chin Lin , Wei-Min Liu , Li-Hsuan Chiu , Peng-Hui Wang
4
1
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Taipei Medical University Hospital and Taipei Medical University (Taiwan)
2
Graduate Institute of Human Sexuality, SHU-TE University (Taiwan)
3
Graduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Taipei Medical University (Taiwan)
4
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, National Yang-Ming University, National Yang-Ming University Hospital and
Taipei Veterans General Hospital (Taiwan)
Purpose: Vulvodynia is a chronic pain syndrome of unknown etiology which is characterized by discomfort in the vulvar
region; the discomfort may range from mild to severe and debilitating. The experiences of women with vulvodynia are
poorly understood. Studies tend to determine the diagnosis and management of vulvodynia has been performed in US by
assessing large sample of cases of vulvodynia symptoms, but not in Taiwan yet.
Results: Women presenting with vulvodynia typically could be in stable, long-term relationships; have had the pain for
several years; and have been examined several times by multiple physicians before receiving the diagnosis. The age
range is broad, from children to women; most women with this disorder are between 20 and 50 years of age. Symptoms of
vulvodynia may have been present since childhood or the time of first intercourse, or they may appear after several years
of painless sex. Although women with vulvodynia report that the quality and quantity of their sexual activity has decreased
since the onset of symptoms, most of them still have intercourses and orgasms. These women were just as likely as
women without pain to participate in other sexual activities. In the past, it was theorized that the pain of vulvodynia was due
to psychological issues. However, recent data indicate that women with vulvodynia are psychologically comparable to
women without the disorder and are no more likely to have been abused. Marital satisfaction levels also are similar.
Conclusion: In conclusion, vulvodynia has broad and substantial effects on sexual QOL. It highlights the psychological
distress associated with vulvodynia and under-estimated the need for prospective studies to investigate the relationship
between vulvodynia and woman sexual behavior.
PP51
OBESITY, INSULIN RESISTANCE AND THEIR CORRELATION WITH TESTOSTERONE LEVELS IN AGING MALE
PATIENTS
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
Sh Janjgava , E. Giorgadze , K. Asatiani , N. Jiqurauli , T. Zerekidze , L. Uchava , T. Doliashvil , M. Tsagareli
1
Tbilisi State University Department of Endocrinology, LTD “Healthy Life” (Georgia)
Purpose: Obesity, insulin resistance refers to a clustering of various medical conditions, with a number of pathological
components that contribute to the development of diabetes and cardiovascular disease. Visceral obesity is an important
cause of insulin resistance and is strongly linked to the development of impaired glucose tolerance. Some studies have
shown that free testosterone levels are low in obese men and inversely correlated with the degree of obesity. In addition,
leptin levels increase with obesity and this hormone causes a further reduction in androgen levels in men.
The objective of the study is to show correlation with obesity and insulin resistance degree and testosterone levels in aging
male patients. The aim is also to study what influence have testosterone replacement therapy in aging male with obesity
and insulin resistance.
Materials and methods: 98 male patients with the age range 45-65 years and BMI 27,0 – 48,0 kg/m2 were included in the
study. The following analyses were done: anthropometric study, oral glucose tolerance test, serum lipid profile, electrolytes,
coagulation test, functional tests of liver and kidney, fasting insulin, free testosterone, PSA,
leptin, TSH, Prolactin, FSh,
LH, HOMA-IR index was calculated, ultrasonography of the abdomen and prostate, ECG.
Results: In all investigated patients abnormal lipid profile and increased level of leptin was observed, 54 patients had
impaired glucose tolerance test, 62 patients had decreased level of free testosterone and had inversely correlated with the
degree of obesity and insulin resistance, 71 patients had increased HOMA-IR index. The appropriate treatment according
to the laboratory and clinical condition was prescribed to all patients. The patients were The patients were distributed in the
following way 1) First group with obesity, 2) Second group with obesity and insulin resistance, 3) Third group with androgen
deficiency, insulin resistance and obesity In the first group with obesity we used diet and physical activity, in the second
group with obesity and insulin resistance we used diet, physical activity and metformin, and in the third group we used
testosterone undecanoate,
metformin, diet and physical activity. After three months of treatment we repeated the
diagnostic assessments: In the group which were treated by diet and physical activity the positive result was achieved in ≈
42 % of patients, in the group which were treated by diet, physical activity and metformin the goal was achieved in ≈ 53% of
patients, in patients with the treatment testosterone undecanoate, metformin, diet and physical activity the goal was
achieved in ≈ 82%.
Conclusion: These observations suggest that an inverse relationship exists between serum androgens, obesity and insulin
sensitivity. Low testosterone levels have also been found to be associated with dyslipidaemia and hypertension.
Testosterone treatment has also been shown to reduce insulin resistance and obesity in aging male patients and to
decrease total cholesterol level. As our study have shown free testosterone levels are low in obese men and inversely
correlated with the degree of obesity and insulin resistance.
PP53
THE COMPARISON OF GREENLIGHT LASER AND DIODE LASER PROSTATECTOMY: ANALYSIS OF SEXUAL
FUNCTION CHANGES
1
Fu-Shun Hsu
1
Department of Urology, TaoYuan General Hospital (Taiwan)
Introduction: Laser prostatectomy has been used to treat lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) due to BPH for over 15
years. Advances in laser technology, better understanding of tissue-laser interactions, technical improvements (eg. higher
power setting, fiber improvements) and growing clinincal experience have achieved more convincing clinical results that
challenge transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP).1
However, there is little published results about the comparison of different type laser prostatectomy. We analyze and
compare subjective changes, morbidity and sexual function changes following greenlight laser (high-performance system,
HPS, 120-W) and diode laser (200-W) in men with LUTS associated with BPH.
Materials and Methods: From January 2009 to August 2010, 70 consecutive patients who suffered from BPH-related
obstructed voiding symptoms. Amonth these patients, 35 were treated with greenlight laser and 35 were treated with diode
laser. Their clininal records including the sexual function preopratively and one-year postoperatively were retrospectively
reviewed.
Results: There was a significant improvement in IPSS, QoL, Qmax and PVR in each laser group at the 3-, 6- and 12-mo
follow-ups compared with baseline.The diode laser demonstrates superior hemostatic properties compared with the
GreenLight laser, despite more patients under anticoagulation treatment preoperatively (16.7% vs 6.4%). The
improvement in Qmax and PVR of the diode laser group was in favor of the GreenLight laser group.
Overall, the complication rate was 19% in the GreenLight laser group and 27% in the diode laser group. Retrograde
ejaculation was complained in 36% patients treated by the GreenLight laser and 40% patients treated by the diode laser.
There is no statistically defference of changes in sexual function in each laser group.
PP55
DEDIFFERENTIATED LIPOSARCOMA OF THE SCROTUM AND PARATESTICULAR REGION—CASES REPORT
Chih-Cheng Lu
1,2
1
Chi Mei Medical Center, Liouying (Taiwan)
2
Chiayi Veterans Hospital (Taiwan)
Cases Presentation:
A 78 year-old male patient suffered from left scrotal painless progressive enlargement for 3 years. The procedure of left
orchiectomy was smooth without complications. The pathology showed dedifferentiated liposarcoma of scrotum and cut
end free of malignancy. The patient kept 1 year follow-up uneventfully.
A 54 year-old male patient suffered from right scrotal mass for about 1 year. The tumor was located at upper margin of right
testis. Geminal cell related tumor markers showed unremarkable. The tumor grew gradually. On examination, the palpable
mass was firm, movable and about 3x3x4 cm in size. He received radical orchiectomy smoothly. The pathology showed
dedifferentiated liposarcoma with margins free of tumor. The patient with follow-up for 1 year showed uneventful.
Conclusions: Dedifferentiated liposarcoma is a rare mixed histologic subtype with association of well-differentiated
liposarcoma. Liposarcoma accounts for 7.5 to 25% of all soft tissue sarcoma and 1% of all cancer. The usual positions of
sarcoma are popliteal fossa, gluteal area and retroperitoneum. Sarcoma comprises 1 to 2% of all malignant genitourinary
tumors. Liposarcoma of the scrotum that does not originate from the spermatic cord is extremely rare. The prognosis of
liposarcomas with dedifferentiated component of entirely low grade was more similar to traditional liposarcoma. It can be
learned from these cases that on encountering a large, painless, cystic or solid mass in the paratesticular scrotal region,
primary mesenchymal tumors including sarcomas should be included in the differential diagnosis.
PP56
UPDATING COMPARISON OF PROSTATE CANCER PRACTICE GUIDELINES AND CONSENSUS AMONG CHINA,
SINGAPORE AND TAIWAN
1
1
Chih-Cheng Lu , Wen-Chou Fan , Tse-Chou Cheng
1
1
Chi Mei Medical Center, Liouying (Taiwan)
Objective: To evaluate the clinical practice guidelines(CPG) in prostate cancer(CaP) around the Asian Chinese. It included
China, Singapore and Taiwan.
Methods: CPGs by Chinese Urological Association(CUA), Singapore Urological Association(SUA) and Taiwan
Cooperation Oncology Group(TCOG) were reviewed. A previous comparison was reported at APSSM2009, and this is an
updating comparison.
Results: The latest CPG for CaP by CUA, SUA, and TCOG were available in 2006, 2004, and 2010 respectively. The
TCOG had the first edition of CaP practice guidelines in 1999, the second edition in 2003, and the third edition in 2010. In
diagnosis, MRI is suggested before transrectal prostatic biopsy in CUA but not in SUA nor in TCOG. Prostate specific
antigen (PSA) measurement is suggested after age of 45 years with a family history in CUA and 40 years in TCOG.
Otherwise, 50 years is a suggested starting point. In SUA, screening was not recommended among Asians except for
males above 40 year-old with the risk factor of having a first degree relative with prostate cancer at young age. Normal
range of PSA was defined from Chinese people data with age specific consideration by CUA, but not in TCOG. In
predicting local staging and lymph nodes, MRI was considered more informative in CUA. In SUA, patients with PSA < 10
ng/ml, bone scans were not indicated. Staging by AJCC 2002 was noted in CUA and SUA but AJCC 2010 (the seventh
edition) in TCOG. Nomogram was suggested in CUA and TCOG, but not in SUA. In treatment, HIFU and cryo-surgical
ablation of the prostate were informed in CUA but not well recommended in TCOG. Bisphosphonates were suggested for
bone pain in all CPGs. Hormone refractory CaP was clearly defined (biochemical data) in CUA and TCOG. No role for
phytotherapy in all guidelines. In TCOG, lack of evidence-based medicine grading system is noted.
Conclusion: There are variations in staging systems, treatment agents among these CPGs. Asian urologists and
oncologists are encouraged to be aware of the differences at managing prostate cancer patients.
PP57
THE CORRELATION OF TESTICULAR MICROLITHIASIS AND MALE INFERTILITY
1
1
1
1
1
To Chang , William J.S. Huang , Yi-Te Chiang , Alex T.L. Lin , Kuang-Kuo Chen
1
Division of Urology, Department of Surgery, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, and Department of Urology, School of
Medicine, National Yang-Ming University (Taiwan)
Purpose:
Testicular microlithiasis (TM) is a unique finding detected during ultrasonographic (US) examination of the
scrotum. The typical US appearance has been described as multiple small (1-3 mm) echogenic foci randomly scattered
throughout the testicular parenchyma. TM is associated with various medical conditions, including infertility and germ cell
tumor. We herein investigated the correlation between TM and infertility infertility in Taiwanese males.
Materials and Methods:
From February 2003 to January 2011, totally 339 men visited our institute due to subfertility and
received US examination of scrotum. Among them, 78 (22.9%) patients were found to have TM. Classic TM (CTM) was
defined as 5 or more echogenic foci in one or both testes. Men with fewer than 5 microliths (but with at least 1) were
deemed to have limited TM (LTM). CTM can be further classified to grade I to III according to the number of microliths
(grade I: 5-10 microliths/image, grade II: 11-20 microliths/image, grade III: >20 microliths/image). We retrospectively
collected information of age, clinical features, hormone profile, semen analysis, and TM grading of these patients. The
correlation was analyzed with Chi-square, Kruskal-Wallis or one way ANOVA tests.
Results:
The mean age of these 78 patients was 35.7 В± 5.1 years old. Forty one patients (52.6%) had LTM and 37 had
CTM. Grade I, II, and III CTM accounted for 14 (17.9%), 6 (7.7%), and 13 (16.7%) respectively. The mean sperm count of
the patients with LTM, grade I, II, and III CTM were 11.1 (n=35), 17.2 (n=15), 10.2 (n=6), and 3.6 (n=12) million/ml
respectively after outliers were deleted (P= 0.1156). If we divided the patients with TM by microliths >10 or ≦10, the mean
sperm count were 5.8 (n=18) and 12.9 (n=50) million/ml respectively (P= 0.020). There was no statistical significance on
the correlation between TM grading and sperm motility (p=0.784), sperm normal form (P= 0.974), testosterone level (P=
0.973), or presence of varicocele (P= 0.294).
Conclusions:
Presence of TM was more common in the population with infertility. For subfertile patients with TM,
microliths > 10 is associated with lower sperm count. Scrotal US should be conducted in patients with fertility problems and
clinician should bear it in mind as an indicator for poorer sperm count.
PP58
DYNAMIC EVIDENCE OF THE PENILE VENOUS ERECTILE APPARATUS
1
2
Geng-Long Hsu , Cheng-Hsing Hsieh
1
Microsurgical Potency Reconstruction and Research Center, Hsu’s Andrology (Taiwan)
2
Department of Urology, Buddhist Tzu Chi General Hospital, Taipei Branch (Taiwan)
Purpose: Although penile erection-related veins have been recently depicted as a deep dorsal vein (DDV), a pair of
cavernosal veins (CVs) and two pairs of para-arterial veins (PAVs) between the Buck’s fascia and the tunica albuginea,
which is derived from cadaveric dissection and is not beyond controversy. We sought to conduct an imaging study on
clinical patients in order to elucidate whether this information is sustainable.
Materials and Methods: From October 2008 to April 2010, 103 patients, aged 21 to 75 years, underwent a dynamic
cavernosography. It entailed injecting 60 ml of a 30% Loversol solution intracavernously via a 19-gauge scalp needle firmly
affixed to the distal and middle third of penile shaft at lateral aspect respectively. They were categorized into distal (n=81)
and middle (n=22) group respectively.
It was taken serially from 0.33, 0.67, 1.00, 1.33, 1.67, 2.00, 2.33, 2.67, 3.00, 3.33,
3.67, 4.00, 5.00, 7.00, 10.00, 15.00 seconds while the infusion rate is set at 240 min/min. Analysis of these data was made.
Results: In all patients the CVs are consistently first shown before that of the DDV. In the distal group, the presentation of
DDV catches on CVs is shown in 46 (45.7%) cases at the middle third, whereas 76 (93.8%) in the proximal third. In the
middle group, the presentation of DDV catches on CVs is shown in 14 (63.6%) cases at the proximal third. There are a
DDV, a pair of CVs and a group of PAVs between the Buck’s fascia and the tunica albuginea in all patients.
Conclusion: We may conclude that penile sinusoidal drainage are initially via corresponding CV and then to DDV and/or to
superficial veins. There is PAV which is poor identifiable.
PP59
THE ASSOCIATION BETWEEN ERECTILE DYSFUNCTION AND THE RISK FACTORS FOR CARDIOVASCULAR
DISEASE: A BRIEF REVIEW OF THE LITERATURE
1
1
1
1
2
2
1
1
Heng-Jun Xiao , Cheng Hu , Teng-Cheng Li , Yan Zhang , Jun Chen , Bin Zhang , Xiang-Fu Zhou , Xin Gao
1
Department of Urology, the Third Affiliated Hospital of SUN Yat-sen University (China)
2
Department of infertility & sexual medicine, the Third Affiliated Hospital of SUN Yat-sen University (China)
Introduction: Recent increasing studies have shown that erectile dysfunction (ED) and cardiovascular disease (CVD) are
two closely intertwined disease processes. They frequently coexist and postulate an intimate nexus. In this study we have
briefly reviewed the main epidemiological evidences on the association between ED and the risk factors for CVD.
Objective: To evaluate the association between ED and the risk factors for CVD.
Methods: Relevant studies published for the time range 1992-2011 were searched thoroughly in Medline. Abstracts
regarding the association between ED and the risk factors for CVD were conducted to review.
Results: A growing number of consistent epidemiological evidences suggest CVD and ED share substantially many of the
same risk factors (OR: 1.96; 95%CI: 1.53-3.18, P < 0.05), which include age, hypertension, hyperlipidemia, obesity,
diabetes mellitus, depression and smoking. The pathogenesis of both CVD and ED has been shown to be common
conditions of endothelial dysfunction. They were linked through decreased expression and activation of endothelial nitric
oxide synthase (eNOS) occurring with aging. ED may be an early symptom of underlying systemic vascular disease
especially coronary artery disease (CAD) rather than itself. Approximately 50-70% of men with CAD have ED. ED can
arise before CAD is symptomatic with a time window of 3-5 years.
Conclusion: These reviews reveal that ED is beginning to be considered as an early manifestation of underlying CVD
which may be a common consequence of endothelial dysfunction. It is a potential risk predictor for the subsequent
development of CVD. Recognizing ED may help to identify individuals at risk for having a premature cardiovascular event.
PP61
MULTIPLE ARTERIAL OCCLUSION WITH CLINICAL MANIFESTATIONS OF ERECTILE DYSFUNCTION
1
1
1
1
1
1
Bin Zhang , Jun Chen , Tao Qi , Bo Wang , Xiaoming Li , Shiqin Chen
1
Department of Infertility and Sexual Medicine, The Third Affiliated Hospital, Sun Yat-Sen University (China)
Purpose:
It should be attention that erectile dysfunction might be the precaution of arterial occlusion.
Materials and methods:
a case of multiple arterial occlusion with clinical manifestations of erectile dysfunction were
reported.
Results: A 57 years old male patient who worked as a civil servant complained of erectile dysfunction for 10 years. He
received oral sidenafil for 100mg discontinuously twice before. And Chinese medicine treatment was of no effect on him.
His previous medical history included surgical removal of rectal cancer and there was no past history of cardiac or diabetic
involvement. He had been married and procreated and he wasn’t a smoker or a dependent drinker. He was forced to
interrupt sexual intercourse because of erectile dysfunction and sought medical treatment in our hospital in 2010.The
physical examination of him indicated that his secondary sex characteristics and penis were normal. And the PBI(Penile
artery pressure/Brachial artery pressure) was 0.6. The temperature of his left lower limb was lower than the right side by
0.5в„ѓ.His primary diagnosis was arterial erectile dysfunction and arterial occlusion of 2 branches of the coronary artery and
left lower extremity were shown in the color doppler ultrasonography. Finally, he received the percutaneous coronary
intervention treatment after a professional consultation.
Conclusion: It should be attention that erectile dysfunction might be the precaution of arterial occlusion.
PP62
VENTRICULAR TACHYCARDIA INDUCED BY SEXUAL ACTIVITY пј€TWO CASES REPORTEDпј‰
1
1
1
1
1
1
Bin Zhang , Jun Chen , Tao Qi , Bo Wang , Xiaoming Li , Shiqin Chen
1
Department of Infertility and Sexual Medicine, The Third Affiliated Hospital, Sun Yat-Sen University (China)
Purpose: During sexual activity, there are some cardiovascular events should be attention.
Materials and methods:
two cases of ventricular tachycardia induced by sexual activity were reported.
Results: Case 1, a male patient, 32 years old. When he had a girlfriend half a year ago, he began sexual activity with her.
The patient got a short dizziness and palpitation after sexual intercourse every time, but he was in good condition at
ordinary times. He once visited several outpatient departments of Urology looking for treatment, and his chief complaint
was dizziness during sexual activity, but the correct diagnosis on the disease couldn’t be formed. And he was advised by
the doctor to reduce premarital sexual activities. Because the period of dizziness lasted to several hours during sexual
intercourse, he grew fear for sexual activity. At last the disease was diagnosed as paroxysmal ventricular tachycardia by
electrocardiogram. His condition was improving gradually after taking verapamil for treatment, but he still suffered from
recurrent attacks. Finally, the disease was rooted out by RFCA of department of Cardiology. Case 2, A male patient, 59
years old, cohabited with his wife. And he was in good condition at ordinary times. He suffered from mild hypertension
without chest distress and polypnea, but he didn’t take any antihypertensive drugs for treatment. He got precordium
discomfort and dizziness after sexual activities last 2 months, but the symptoms disappeared after a short break. The blood
pressure of the patient was 146/92mmHg, and the electrocardiographic examination didn’t indicate any abnormities. The
Holter ECG monitoring indicated frequently premature ventricular contraction and ventricular tachycardia. The dizziness
during sexual activity of the patient disappeared after he was given Betaloc Zok for treatment.
Conclusion: During sexual activity, there are some cardiovascular events should be attention. Such as ventricular
tachycardia.
PP63
О‘-BLOCKERS COMBINED WITH ELECTRONIC BIOFEEDBACK TREATMENT PROSTATITIS EFFECTS OF TYPE III
1
1
1
le xu , minqie qiu , jiehong jiang
1
Nanfan medical university affiliation He-xian memorial hospital (China)
Objective: To evaluate the efficacy of О±-blockers combined with electronic biofeedback therapy in the treatment of type III
prostatitis.
Methods: The clinic diagnosed 97 cases of type III patients with prostatitis were randomly divided into control group (48
cases) and experimental group (49 cases). They were both received 4 weeks therapy. The control group received only
О±-blocker therapy, the experimental group received О±-blockers combined electronic biofeedback therapy. The U.S.
National Institutes of Health Chronic Prostatitis Symptom Index (NIH - CPSI) score was used to assess two groups before
and after treatment, respectively. Prostate massage fluid (EPS) routine examination results are also recorded after
treatment as indicators of efficacy evaluation.
Results: In control group, 2 cases (4.17%) were cured, 4 cases (8.33%) were effective, 13 cases (27.08%) were improved
and 29 cases (60.42%) were ineffective. The total effective rate in control group was 39.58%. In experimental group, 6
cases (12.24%) were cured, 8 cases (16.33%) were effective, 17 cases (34.69%) were improved, and 19 cases (38.78%)
were ineffective. The total effective rate in experimental group was 63.27%. There was statistical difference between two
groups (P < 0.05). After 4 weeks of treatment, the experimental group CPSI indicators improved significantly than the
control group, especially in urinary symptoms and total scores , with the significantly statistical difference (P < 0.05 or P <
0.01). EPS routine examinations after treatment in two groups were normal in 12 cases (25%) of control group, 27 cases
(55.10%) of experimental group. There was statistically difference (P < 0.05) between two groups. There were no side
effects and anal trauma occurred.
Conclusion: The combination of О±-blocker treatment and electronic bio-feedback therapy is safe, effective in the treatment
of type III prostatitis.
PP64
MICROSURGICAL DENERVATION OF THE SPERMATIC CORD FOR TREATMENT OF IDIOPATHIC CHRONIC
ORCHIALGIA (FIRST CASE OF REPORT IN CHINA)
1
1
1
1
1
Xiangan Tu , Chunhua Deng , Liangyun Zhao , Xiangzhou Sun , Shaopeng Qiu
1
Department of Urology,The First Affliated Hospital, Sun Yat-Sen University (China)
Objective: We first report the effectiveness of microsurgical denervation of the spermatic cord for treatment of idiopathic
chronic orchialgia in Chinese hospital.
Methods: A patient referred to our hospital diagnosed with left idiopathic chronic orchialgia is evaluated with a thorough
medical and psychiatric history, physical examination and scrotal ultrasound. Conservative management failed .The patient
had temporary pain relief after undergoing outpatient cord block for three times. Microsurgical denervation of the left
spermatic cord was operated in March 24, 2011. Postoperative pain rating scales (0 to 10) were used to determine efficacy.
Results: Complete pain relief was noted at one week after operation. Followup was 5 months. Pain rating scales were still
zero. No complications including testicular atrophy and hydrocele occurred.
Conclusion: Microsurgical denervation of the spermatic cord is a minimally invasive, safe and effective management option
for treatment of idiopathic chronic orchialgia.
PP65
EFFECT OF TRANSURETHRAL RESECTION OF EJACULATORY DUCT FOR TREATMENT OF EJACULATORY
DUCT OBSTRUCTION (REPORT OF 60 CASES)
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
Xiangan Tu , Liangyun Zhao , Liang Zhao , Wenwei Wang , Liwen Deng , Yu Chen , Chuanhua Deng
1
Department of Urology, The First Affliated Hospital, Sun Yat-Sen University (China)
Objective: To evaluate the effect of transurethral resection of ejaculatory duct (TURED) for treatment of ejaculatory duct
obstruction (EDO).
Methods: The clinical information of 60 cases of EDO were analyzed from Oct 2004 to Oct 2010. The diagnostic criteria
included semen analysesпјЊfructose in seminal plasmaпјЊtransrectal ultrasonography(TRUS), and vasography necessarily. All
patients were treated by TURED. Postoperative semen assay, postoperative patency rate and postoperative impregnation
rate were followed.
Results: Semen analyses in the majority of cases showed the typical characteristics of EDOпјЊazoospermiaпјЊlow semen
volume(average 1.10 mlВ±0.76)пјЊlow PH(average 6.5В±1.4)пјЊabsent or low semen fructose(average 5.86В±2.19Ојmol/ one
ejaculation). TRUS showed pure dilation of both ejaculatory duct in 15 cases, prostatic cyst in 6, pure dilated seminal
vesicles on both sides in 10пјЊunilateral dilated seminal vesicle in 4пјЊdilation of both ejaculatory duct and seminal vesicles in
l0пјЊdilated seminal vesicles with prostatic cyst in 5пјЊunilateral dilated seminal vesicle and contralateral aplasia of seminal
vesicle in 2 , dilated seminal vesicles with dilation and calcifications of both ejaculatory duct in 3пјЊthe remaining 5 had
unilateral dilated ejaculatory duct and seminal vesicle with contralateral aplasia of seminal vesicle . Among all cases
followed up more than 6~78 months after TURED, 51 patients(85.0%) had improved semen parameters and 16 patient’s
wife(26.7%) pregnancies .
Conclusion: TURED may be the simple, minimally invasive and effective method for the treatment of EDO.
PP69
HOW HARD IT WOULD BE FOR PENIS TO BREAK INTO VAGINA?
1
1
1
1
Liuhong Cai , Bin Zhang , Jun Chen , Hui Lin
1
Department of Infertility and Sexual Medicine, The Third Affiliated Hospital, Sun Yat-Sen University (China)
Purpose: Penile hardness is very important for successful coitus, thus, many studies focused on the penile hardness. Here
we measured the pressure that penis had to overcome during sexual intercourse. Vaginal pressure maybe another
important factor for evaluating sexual function.
Materials and methods: From Jan 1 to May 31, 2011, women came to Department of Infertility and Sexual Medicine, The
Third Affiliated Hospital, Sun Yat-sen University, for infertile issue, were included in this study. A total of 95 women were
included. Subjects were required to self-assess their current sexual functionпјЊvaginal condition were also evaluated with
physical examination.They met inclusion/exclusion criteria: 1) 25-35years old; 2) regular sexual intercourse and stable
partners; 3) term delivery from vagina (group 1, N=18) or never deliver a baby from vagina (group 2, N=77) .Women with
preterm delivery were excluded. Informed consent were obtained from these women. An experienced technician helped
them to complete the procedures: Lubricating the artificial penis, recorded the pressure right after the artificial glans penis
was totally inserted (pressure 1). Insert-out for 10 times , then recorded the pressure when the artificial glans penis was
inserted inward 6cm from the outlet of the vagina (pressure 2) and the pressure right before the artificial glans penis was
taken out of the vagina(pressure 3).
Results: For group 1, the pressures were 71.7В±27.6 mmHg, 51.9В±22.1 mmHg and 45.4В±21.1 mmHg; For group 2, the
pressures were 87.0В±27.8 mmHg, 65.3В±20.7 mmHg and 56.2В±18.1 mmHg. For the two groups respectively, significant
difference were found among
pressure 1, pressure 2 and pressure 3, with pressure 1 much higer than pressure 2 or
pressure 3. Significant difference was also found between the two groups.
Conclusion: Vaginal delivery is a sinificant affecting factor for intravaginal pressure during sexual intercourse and partner’s
intravaginal pressure should be consider when evaluating males’ sexual dysfunction.
PP70
THE MANAGEMENT AND TRAINING FOR THE GUIDE NURSES IN OUT-PATIENT DEPARTMENT OF SEXUAL
MEDICINE
1
2
2
Xinjian Feng , Hui Lin , Bin Zhang , Jun Chen
2
1
Outpatient Clinic Service Aera, The Third Affiliated Hospital, Sun Yat-Sen University (China)
2
Department of Infertility and Sexual Medicine, the Third Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-Sen University (China)
Purpose: To discuss the way of management and training for the guide nurses in out-patient department of sexual
medicine.
Materials and methods: The management and training methods for the guide nurse in out-patient department of sexual
medicine during the time from August 2009 to December 2010 were summarized. Guide-related indicators between one
and a half year before and after the management were compared.
Results: There were seven complaints of poor service in out-patient department of sexual medicine from February 2008 to
July 2009, and there were no complaints from August 2009 to December 2010 except two pieces of advice. Degree of
satisfaction of patients in the out-patient department of sexual medicine rose from 80%-85% to 90%-95%.
Conclusion:The new management belief and system, plus the improvement of guide nurses’ quality, guaranteed the quality
of guide service and improved the image of the hospital.
PP71
IMPLEMENTATION OF CONSULTATION INTRODUCTION SERVICES IN OUTPATIENT DEPARTMENT OF SEXUAL
MEDICINE
1
2
2
Xinjian Feng , Hui Lin , Bin Zhang , Jun Chen
2
1
Outpatient Clinic Service Aera, The Third Affiliated Hospital, Sun Yat-Sen University (China)
2
Department of Infertility and Sexual Medicine, the Third Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-Sen University (China)
Purpose: To promote active nursing care in nurses of outpatient department of sexual medicine, strengthen the
communication between nurses and patients, and enhance nursing quality.
Materials and methods:The details, requirements, and standards of consultation introduction services were established,
and nurses were trained and tested, then consultation introduction services were adopted to outpatient department of
sexual medicine.
Results:The awareness for providing active nursing in nurses was strengthened, the nurse-patient relationship was more
harmonious, and the satisfactory rate of out-patients in Outpatient Department of sexual medicine risen from 93.56% in
2009 to 98.83% in 2010.
Conclusion: Implementation of consultation introduction services in outpatient department of sexual medicine is beneficial
to patients getting information for hospital visits, and improves the quality of outpatient care as well.
PP72
INVESTIGATION ON THE SATISFACTION OF OUT-PATIENTS IN OUT-PATIENT DEPARTMENT OF SEXUAL
MEDICINE WITH HOSPITAL NURSING
1
2
2
Xinjian Feng , Hui Lin , Bin Zhang , Jun Chen
2
1
Outpatient Clinic Service Aera, The Third Affiliated Hospital, Sun Yat-Sen University (China)
2
Department of Infertility and Sexual Medicine, the Third Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-Sen University (China)
Purpose: To have an knowledge of the satisfaction of outpatients in out-patient department of sexual medicine with hospital
nursing in order to provide the bases for further reforming of the hospital nursing.
Materials and methods: Interviewer-administered questionnaires were used among outpatients in out-patient department
of sexual medicine. The responsive rate of them was 99•3%•
Results: It showed that the overall satisfaction rate of different contents under investigation, among which the satisfaction
rates of outpatients in out-patient department of sexual medicine at nursing equipments and the environments were lower
than those at the techniques of nurses and nursing services.
Conclusion: Hospitals should try their best to perfect the nursing quality, improve the idea of nursing service, and attach
great importance to the renewal of nursing equipments and the supplies of nursing staffs of high quality in order to ensure
the nursing quality and to increase the satisfaction of outpatients in out-patient department of sexual medicine.
PP73
“PARTIN TABLE” FOR TAIWANESE PATIENTS WITH PROSTATE CANCER
1
1
1
1
1
1
Ching-Hsin Chang , William J.S. Huang , Yen-Hwa Chang , Chin-Chen Pan , Hsiao-Jen Chung , Junne-Yih Kuo ,
1
1
1
Shing-Hwa Lu , Alex T.L. Lin , Kuang-Kuo Chen
1
Division of Urology, Department of Surgery, Department of PathologyTaipei Veterans General Hospital, and Department
of Urology, School of Medicine, National Yang-Ming University (Taiwan)
Purpose: Partin Table is a nomogram of prostate cancer to predict the likelihood of status of organ confinement based on
pre-operation parameters. Since the data was majorly from a cohort of Caucasian, the predictive value of this Table for the
Asian people is questionable. The incidence and mortality rate of prostate cancer are increasing in Taiwan. We tried to
determine a Taiwanese version of “Partin Tables”.
Materials and Methods: From 2000 to 2011, there were 519 patients with clinically localized prostate cancer underwent
radical prostatectomy at our hospital. Of them, 444 patients had complete data to be analyzed. Area under (AUC) receiver
operation characteristic (ROC) curve was used to judge the accuracy of our proposed Table.
Results: A modified form of “Partin Table” was established according to our own database. There are some major different
characteristics in our new Table from the Partin’s, ie, (1) our cohort include Asian only, (2) our patients had higher PSA
levels in the corresponding stage.
Conclusion: The demographic background of Taiwanese patients with prostate cancer is different from that in the United
States. When using the conventional Partin Table to predict the resectioness of prostate cancer for the Taiwanese patients,
we might miss some the chance to cure by prostatectomy. Our updated domestic nomogram table for prostate cancer has
shown good predictive values.
PP74
TRAUMATIC
EXPERIENCE
AND
SUBJECTIVE
SYMPTOM
SCORES
IN
WOMEN
WITH
INTERSTITIAL
CYSTITIS/PAINFUL BLADDER SYNDROME (IC/PBS) IN TAIWAN
1
1,2
3
1,2
1
Wei-Chih Chen , Ming-Huei Lee , Chiu-De Chiu , Huei-Ching Wu , Yi-Chang Chen
1
Department of Urology, Taichung Hospital, Department of Health (Taiwan)
2
Central Taiwan University of Science and Technology (Taiwan)
3
Department of Psychology, National Taiwan University (Taiwan)
Purpose: IC/PBS is a chronic disease of uncertain etiology that is characterized by urgency, frequency, and suprapubic
pain related to bladder filling. Early stressful experience, such as childhood sexual maltreatment, has been considered as
an environment risk factor for IC/PBS. However, the definition and the scope of potentially traumatic experience vary in
studies. It is unclear to what an extent this experience prevails in patients with IC/PBS and links to its symptom profile. It is
therefore the intent of the present study to investigate the traumatic experiences prevalence in IC/PBS patients and
correlation between traumatic experience and subjective symptoms.
Materials and Methods: This was a prospective case control study. Fifty female patients who were compatible with the
NIDDK criteria were included and these patients were assessed by validated questionnaire including O'Leary-Sant
Symptom (ICSI) and Problem Index (ICPI) was used to objectify subjective symptoms. Pelvic Pain and Urgency/Frequency
(PUF) questionnaire was also completed and standardized self-report instruments, Chinese Brief Betrayal-Trauma Survey
(BBTS) questionnaire was used to measure the prevalence of diverse potentially traumatic experiences (natural disasters,
traffic accidents, physical and sexual assaults, emotional maltreatment, and witnessing other’s negative events) in
childhood and adulthood. Subjects were tested individually in two sessions, in order to avoid fatigue. Of 200 Taiwanese
college students who was selected randomly served as controls. These data were analysed using Pearson correlations.
Results: Patient demographics show the average age being 40.34 years (В± 9.6). The average ICSI, ICPI, and PUF
questionnaire were 11.81 (В± 3.5), 10.89 (В± 2.8), and 19.02 (В± 5.3) respectively. The prevalence of physical attack and
emotional maltreatment by someone close to the patients showed 14% and 27% compared to control groups, 9% and 12%
respectively.
Another prevalence of physical attack and sexual maltreatment by someone not so close to the patients
showed 8% and 6% compared to controls, 12% and 6% respectively. Our result showed that women with IC/PBS endorsed
higher incidences on various traumatic experiences except for sexual maltreatment in both childhood and adulthood.
Diverse life events prevail in patients with IC/PBS. Nevertheless, potentially traumatic experiences did not reliably predict
the symptom profiles of IC/PBS. Only sexual maltreatment by someone close to patients had negative correlation with
subjective symptoms, ICSI.
Conclusions: Our study showed that, the prevalence of interpersonal abuse, especially those inflicted by someone close to
the patients, was higher in patients with IC/PBS. However, potentially traumatic experiences did not reliably predict the
symptom profiles of IC/PBS.
PP75
DIFFERENCES IN THE SUBJECTIVE SYMPTOMS, URODYNAMIC EXAMINATION AND CYSTOSCOPIC MAXIMAL
BLADDER CAPACITY OF INTERSTITIAL CYSTITIS/ PAINFUL BLADDER SYNDROME (IC/PBS) IN WOMEN WITH OR
WITHOUT SEXUAL PAIN
1,2
1
1,2
3
1
Huei-Ching Wu , Wei-Chih Chen , Ming-Huei Lee , Chui-De Chiu , Yi-Chang Chen
1
Department of Urology, Taichung Hospital, Department of Health (Taiwan)
2
Central Taiwan University of Science and Technology (Taiwan)
3
National Taiwan University of clinical psychology (Taiwan)
Purpose: Previous study established a strong association between urinary tract symptoms and arousal disorders and
sexual pain disorders. Other sources suggested that IC/PBS patients had significantly more dyspareunia and more fear of
pain, compared with healthy controls. We investigated the differences in the subjective symptoms, urodynamic findings
and anesthetic bladder capacity of IC/PBS in women with or without sexual pain.
Materials and Methods: A total of 89 IC/PBS female patients were included in this study. All subjects were asked if they had
a history of sexual pain and were assessed by validated questionnaire including O'Leary-Sant Symptom (ICSI) and
Problem Index (ICPI). Pelvic Pain and Urgency/Frequency (PUF) questionnaire was also completed. Standardized
consecutive filling cystometry and volume at first desire to void (FDV), normal desire to void (NDV), strong desire to void
(SDV) and maximum cystometric capacity (MCC) were performed. Cystoscopic anesthetic maximal bladder capacity (MBC
was also measured. We compared subjects with and without a history of sexual pain disorder using unpaired 2-tailed t
tests.
Results: The occurrence of IC/PBS patients with sexual pain disorder was 65/89 (73%). Patient demographics with or
without sexual pain disorder showed the average age being 39.98 years (В± 11.8) and 41.17 years (В± 10.2), respectively.
The ICSI and ICPI scores were equivalent between the two groups but patients with sexual pain had a statistically
significant higher PUF scores than those without sexual pain (21.52В± 5.4 v.s 16.21В± 4.6 , p < 0.01). In patients with sexual
pain, the values for FDV, NDV, SDV, and MCC were lower than those without sexual pain but were not statistically
significant (67.89В± 35.9 v.s 86.13 В± 52.5 ml, 93.31В± 38.2 v.s 115.13 В± 56.4 ml, 138.78В± 65.8 v.s 158.19 В± 110.2 ml, 195.43В±
69.9 v.s 225.75 В± 149.8 ml). Similarly, patients with sexual pain had lower anesthetic MBC than those without sexual pain,
however no statistically significant difference could be noted (596.15В± 210.1 v.s 646.25 В± 156.7 ml, p=0.2).
Conclusions: Women with IC/PBS symptoms experience around 73% occurrence rate of sexual pain in our study. MCC
and anesthetic MBC showed lower capacity in sexual pain group but without statistically significant difference between two
groups. PUF score was higher in patients with sexual pain disorder group but ICSI and ICPI did not show the difference.
This suggests that physicians should consider sexual pain disorder in the management of patients with IC/PBS and the
evaluation of subjective symptoms including sexual pain in IC/PBS patients, PUF score maybe better than ICSI and ICPI.
PP76
PATHOLOGY OF URETHRAL FIBROUS-MUSCULAR SYSTEM RELATED TO PARTURITION-INDUCED STRESS
URINARY INCONTINENCE AND TGF-О’1/SMAD PATHWAY
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
Guang-Yong Li , Wan-Shou Cui , Feng Zhou , Zhe-Zhu Gao , Hua Xin , Tao Liu , Wei-Ren Li , Yan-Qing Gong ,Guang-Yi
1
Bai , Zhong-cheng Xin
1
1
Andrology Center, Peking University First Hospital, Peking University (China)
Purpose: Stress urinary incontinence (SUI) is a prevalent urological problem that is common in women. In order to realize
pathological changes, the structural components and the role of TGF-ОІ1/Smad pathway in the urethra of a
parturition-induced SUI rat model were investigated.
Materials and Methods: Forty 8-week-old Sprague–Dawley female rats at gestational day 16 were used. After delivery,
twenty rats were underwent vaginal balloon dilation for 4 hours. One week later, rats were anesthetized and both ovaries
were excised. One month after ovariectomy, conscious cystometry and leak point pressure (LPP) were measured.
Histological examination (Masson’s trichrome stain, picrosirius red stain, Hart’s elastin stain, Gordon & Sweet's stain and
immunohistochemical stain) and western blot were performed.
Results: Four weeks after ovariectomy, SUI was developed in 17 out of 20 experimental rats (85%). Extracellular matrix
(ECM) was significantly increased, but muscle was significantly decreased in the urethra of SUI rats compare with sham
rats. Total collagen fibers and reticular fibers from SUI rats were significantly more increased than sham rats. Meanwhile
elastic fibers and reticular fibers showed fragmentation and disorganization that indicated the fibrous-muscular system in
SUI rats was impaired. The expression of TGF-ОІ1 and Smad2 protein and activity of Smad2 were significantly higher in
SUI rats.
Conclusions: The fibrous-muscular system of urethra was important to urethra closuring pressure which was impaired in
SUI rats, TGF-ОІ1/Smad pathway might play important role.
PP77
EFFECTS OF ICARIIN AND ICARISIDEв…ЎON ENOS EXPRESSION AND NOS ACTIVITY IN PORCINE AORTA
ENDOTHELIAL CELL PREVENTIVE
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
Tao Liu , Xincheng Qing , Weiren Li , Feng Zhou , Guangyong Li , Hua Xin , Yanqing Gong , Zhongcheng Xin
1
Andrology Center, Peking University First Hospital, Peking University (China)
Objective: Investigated the effects of Icariin and Icarisideв…Ўon eNOS expression and NOS activity in endothelial cell and
possible mechanisms using EGFR over-expressed porcine aorta endothelial (PAE) cell line.
Materials & Methods: The EGFR gene was transfected into PAE cell and genetic stable cell line (PAE-EGFR) was selected
12.5uM Icariin and Icarisideв…Ўwere used to treat the PAE and OAE-EGFR cells respectively for 48h, the eNOS expression
in each group was observed. EGF was also used to treat the cells to observe the regulatory effects of Icariin and
Icarisideв…Ўon NOS activity. The regulatory effects of Icariin and Icarisideв…Ўon NOS activity were also observed, and
sildenafil was used as a control.
Results: Western blot showed that the basic value of eNOS expression was higher in PAE-EGFR group compared to that
in PAE group, both of Icariin and Icarisideв…Ўincreased the eNOS expression in PAE and PAE-EGFR group (P < 0.01), and
the value of eNOS expression was higher in PAE-EGFR group than that in PAE group. In the PAE-EGFR cell line, the NOS
activity reached to 15.37В±1.49 u/mg when the concentration of Icarisideв…Ўwas 10-8 M, which was 4.66 u/mg more than that
in the PAE cell line. When the concentration reached to 10-7, 10-6 or 10-5 M, the change of NOS activity in PAE-EGFR
group was greater than that in PAE group (P < 0.01). Icariin also increased the NOS activity in PAE and PAE-EGFR cells,
but the activity was 20% lower compared with Icarisideв…Ўgroup, however, Sildenafil showed
no influence on NOS activity.
Conclusion: Icariin and Icarisideв…Ўmay increase the eNOS expression through activating EGF-EGFR pathway in PAE cell,
by which endothelial cell function could be regulated and the better effect was noted in Icarisideв…Ў compared to Icariin.
PP78
EFFECTS OF ICARIIN ON IMPROVING ERECTILE FUNCTION IN STREPTOZOTOCIN-INDUCED DIABETIC RATS
1
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
Tao Liu , Hua Xin , Weiren Li , Jian Zhang , Feng Zhou , Wanshou Cui , Guangyong Li , Yanqing Gong , Zhang Nan , Xin
Zhongcheng
1
1
.Andrology Center, Peking University First Hospital, Peking University (China)
2
Department of Urology, Pusan National University School of Medicine (Republic of Korea)
Objective: We previously showed that Icariin has the therapeutic effects on erectile function in vasculargenic and castrated
rats model. In order to realize the effects of icariin on preventing erectile dysfunction(ED), the pharmacological effects of
icariin on DM induced rats ED model were investigated.
Materials & Methods: Adult male Wistar rats(n=68) were induced hyperglycemia using streptozotocin (55mg/kg). Rats
were randomly divided into 6 groups: Group A for normal controls, Group B, C, D for oral administration of different
concentration of Icariin (1mg,5mg,10mg/kg/d) for 8 weeks. Sildenafil(1mg/kg/d) was used as a control (Group E). After 1
week wash out period, intracavernosal pressure (ICP) was measured for evaluating erectile function. Masson staining e
groups(1,5,10mg/kg/d) was significantly increased compared to control group(p < 0.01), Smooth muscle content in Icariin
treated group showed significantly higher than control group and nNOS and eNOS expression in Icariin treated group were
significantly higher than that in control group.
Results: Diabetes significantly attenuated the erectile responses with decreased corpus cavermous(CC) smooth
muscle/collagen ratio and endothelial cell contents and these were partially prevented by icariin treatment. Icariin improved
the expression of nNOS and eNOS in penis tissue from diabetic rats with a significant increase in the expression of
endothelial cell marker, PECAM-1 and Factor в…§. TGFОІ1/Smad2 signaling pathway was down-regulated in the penis from
icariin-treated models compared with that in controls.
Conclusion: Icariin showed a preventive effect on DM induced ED, it’s possible mechanism may be related to increasing
NOS expression and improving muscle/fibrous proportion in corpus cavernosum, further study is recommended.
PP79
EFFECTS OF ICARISIDEв…Ў ON TGF-О’1/SMAD/CTGF AND NO-CGMP PATHWAYS AND CORPUS CAVERNOSUM
FIBROUS-MUSCULAR ALTERATIONS IN RATS WITH STREPTOZOTOCIN-INDUCED DIABETES
1
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
Feng Zhou , Hua Xin , Tao Liu , Guang-Yong Li , Zhe-Zhu Gao , Jing Liu , Wei-Ren Li , Wan-Shou Cui , Guang-Yi Bai ,
2
1
Nam Cheol Park , Zhong-Cheng Xin
1
Andrology Center, Peking University First Hospital, Peking University (China)
2
Department of Urology, Pusan National University School of Medicine (Republic of Korea)
Objective: To investigate the effects of ICAв…Ў on hemodynamic parameters in the penis of rats with streptozocin induced
diabetes. We also examined the mechanisms underlying diabetes related penile hemodynamics changes with particular
focus on the NO-cGMP and TGFОІ1/Smad2/CTGF signaling pathways.
Materials & Methods:
Fifty 8 week-old Sprague–Dawley rats were randomly distributed into normal control and diabetic
groups. Diabetes was induced by a one-time intraperitoneal injection of streptozocin (60mg/kg). Three days later, the
diabetic rats were randomly divided into 4 groups including a saline treated placebo arm and 3 ICAв…Ў-treated models (1, 5,
10mg/kg/d). After three-months, penile hemodynamics was measured by cavernous nerve electrostimulation (CNE) with
real time intracorporal pressure assessment. Penises were harvested with subsequent histological examination (picrosirius
red stain, Hart’s elastin stain and immunohistochemical stain) and Western blot to explore activity of the NO-cGMP and
TGFОІ1/Smad2 signaling pathways.
Results: Diabetes significantly attenuated erectile responses to CNE. Diabetic rats had a decreased corpus cavernous
smooth muscle/collagen ratio and endothelial cell content relative to control animals. The ratio of collagen в… to в…ў was
significantly lower in the corpora of diabetic rats compared to normal controls; furthermore cavernous elastic fibers were
fragmented in the diabetic animals. ICAв…Ў treated diabetic rats had higher expression of nNOS, eNOS, and VEGF in the
penis relative to placebo treated diabetic animals. Both the TGFОІ1/Smad2/CTGF signaling pathway and apoptosis were
down-regulated in the penis from ICAв…Ў-treated rats.
Conclusion: ICAв…Ў treatment attenuates diabetes-related impairment of penile hemodynamics, likely by increasing smooth
muscle, endothelial function, and nNOS expression. ICAв…Ў could alterate corpus cavernosum fibrous-muscular changes in
DM rats which could beregulated by the TGFОІ1/Smad2/CTGF and NO-cGMP signaling pathways.
PP80
PLGA
BIODEGRADABLE
SCAFFOLD
COGRAFTING
WITH
AUTOLOGOUS
ADSC
ON
PENIS
GIRTH
ENHANCEMENT
1
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
Wanshou Cui , zhe Jin , Yanqing Gong , Tao Liu , Weiren Li , Guangyong Li , Feng Zhou , Guangyi Bai
1
Andrology Center, Peking University First Hospital (China)
2
Department of Urology, Beijing Geriatric Hospital (China)
Add authers : Liu Jing1, Gao Zhezhu1, Xin Zhongcheng1
Objective: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of tissue engineering surgery with PLGA Biodegradable Scaffold (Maxpol-T)
cografting with adipose derived stem cells(ADSC)on penis girth enhancement.
Materials & Methods: Forty-five adult New Zealand male rabbits were divided into three groups, including the shame
operation group (group A), grafted Maxpol-T only (group B)and Maxpol-T cografted with ADSC (group C), ADSC were
isolated from the skin of scrotum of rabbits and seeded into PLGA Scaffold, then transplanted under the deep fascia of
penis. The efficacy and safety of girth enhancement were continuously observed for 6 months.
Results: The flow cytometry of ADSC showed CD105пј€+пј‰, CD31пј€п№Јпј‰, CD34пј€п№Јпј‰, CD45пј€п№Јпј‰, CD106пј€п№Јпј‰. 6 months
later, no obvious rejection and inflammation were observed. The penis girth of group C was augmented significantly
compared with that in group A and group B (p < 0.001). There was no significant difference between the penis girth of
group A and group B(pпјћ 0.05пј‰.Region histopathological analysis showed that subcutaneous tissue thickening and
desmoplasia accompany with new vessels were observed in group B and group C.
Conclusion: Icariin showed a preventive effect on DM induced ED, it’s possible mechanism may be related to increasing
NOS expression and improving muscle/fibrous proportion in corpus cavernosum,
further study is recommended.
PP81
EFFICACY AND SAFETY OF RETROPERITONEAL LAPAROSCOPIC VERICOCELECTOMY(RPLV) SUPER-HIGH
LIGATION FOR TREATING VARICOCELE WITH MALE INFERTILITY. A PILOT CLINICAL STUDY
1
1
2
1
2
Jin-xing Lv , Liang-liang Wang , Guang-yong Li , Jin-xian Fu , Zhong-cheng Xin
1
Department of Urology, First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University (China)
2
Andrology Center, Peking University First Hospital, Peking University (China)
Purpose: Purpose: Aim of this study to investigate efficacy and safety of a new method of retroperitoneal laparoscopic
varicocelectomy (RPLV) super high-ligation for treating varicocele with male infertility.
Materials and Methods: The study included 96 infertile patients with left varicocele who were randomized to two groups.
Forty-five patients were treated by peritoneal laparoscopy varicocelectomy (PLV) (group I), whereas 51 patients were
treated by retroperitoneal laparoscopy varicocelectomy (RPLV) (group II). The 2 techniques were compared regarding
intraoperative, and early and late postoperative complications, changes in semen parameters after 12 months.
Results: The mean operative time of PLV and RPLV were 35.8В±7.39 and 15.44В±6.12min. Early postoperative
complications were comparable in the 2 groups. At follow up none of the patients in the RPLV group had hydrocele, while it
was observed in 3 of 45 (6.7%) in PLV group, representing a significance difference in favor of RPLV. The incidence of
recurrent varicocele was significantly lower in RPLV group than in the PLV groups (2 of 51 patients or 3.9% vs 5 of 45 or
11.1%). Vein diameter changes pre and post OP in PLV group were 27.98В±2.63 and 22.76В±2.73 and RPLV were
27.56В±2.56 and 21.33В±2.80. 23 patients пј€45.1%пј‰have seminal parameters improvement in group I, while 24 patients
пј€53.3%пј‰have seminal parameters improvement in group II.
Conclusions: Compared with PLV the RPLV has the advantages with no hydrocele and lower incidence of recurrent
varicocele, and better improvement in sperm count and motility. Further study is needed.
PP82
THE SELF-ESTIMATION INDEX OF ERECTILE FUNCTION-NO SEXUAL LIFE (SIEF-NS):A MULTIDIMENSIONAL
SCALE FOR ERECTILE DYSFUNCTION-NO SEXUAL LIFE
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
Yiming Yuan , Zhichao Zhang , Bing Gao , Jing Peng , Zhongcheng Xin , Weidong Song , Jie Jin , Yinglu Guo
1
Andrology Center, Peking University First Hospital (China)
Objective To create a brief, reliable, self-administered measure of erectile function-No sexual life(ED-NS), which is
psychometrically sound, with the sensitivity and specificity for distinguishing ED-NS patients.
Methods Relevant domains of sexual function without sexual life were determine, Self-estimation Index of erectile
function-No sexual life (SIEF-NS) was established, which includes 12 questions, such as sexual libido, general erectile
function, nocturnal penile erection, erectile function during foreplay, erectile function during audio-video sexual stimulation,
confidence, depression, etc and each questionnaire has 5 point scale. The SIEF-NS was examined for sensitivity,
specificity, reliability (internal consistency and test-retest repeatability), and construct validity.
Results 212 ED-NS Patients and 193 normal controls were enrolled into the study and assessed erectile function with
SIEF-NS. The mean score of each question and integral score of SIEF-NS in ED-NS patients were significantly different
from normal controls (p < 0.05). When the integral score is 35 points according to the ROC curve of integral score, the
sensitivity of SIEF-NS is 90.3% and specificity is 93.2%. A principal components analysis identified three factors (that is,
hardness of erectile function, duration of erection and psychic factors) with eigenvalues greater than 1.0.
Conclusion SIEF-NS, which addresses the relevant domains of Erectile function-NS (that is, hardness of erectile function,
duration of erection and psychic factors), is suggested to be a useful method for the evaluation of ED-NS patients. Further
study is needed.
Key Word 1: Erecile dysfunction-No Sexual life
Key Word 2: SIEF-NS
PP83
THE ROLE OF SYMPATHETIC AND PARASYMPATHETIC NERVE SYSTEMS ON THE SMOOTH MUSCLE OF RAT
SEMINAL VESICLES--- EXPERIMENTAL RESULTS AND SPECULATION FOR PHYSIOLOGICAL IMPLICATION ON
EJACULATION.
1,2,3
Vincent FS Tsai
1
4
1
1
, Hong-Chiang Chang , Yuh-Chen Kuo , Shih-Ping Liu , Ju-Ton Hsieh
1
Department of Urology, National Taiwan University Hospital (Taiwan)
2
Institute of Biomedical Engineering, National Taiwan University (Taiwan)
3
Department of Urology, Ten-Chen General Hospital (Taiwan)
4
Department of Urology, Taipei City Hospital (Taiwan)
Purpose: To exam the isolated rat seminal vesicle smooth muscle (SVSM) contraction reacting to different
neurotransmitters, phenylephrine (PE) and acetylcholine (Ach), and the respective antagonists. To speculate the possible
physiological role of sympathetic and parasympathetic nerve system on seminal vesicles during ejaculation.
Materials and Methods: L-phenylephrine HCl (PE, 10-7 to 3 x 10-4M) and acetylcholine (Ach, 10-7 to 3 x 10-4M) were
added with various concentrations into organ bath to induce isometric contraction of the isolated rat seminal vesicles. The
dose response curve of the isolated rat seminal vesicles reacting to PE and Ach, the inhibitory dose response curve to the
different adrenergic antagonists (prazosin, WB-4101, CEC), muscarinic antagonists (atropine, pirenzepine, methoctramine
and 4-DAMP) and cross-over reaction were recorded. Then, the seminal vesicles pretreated with different antagonists at
different concentrations. The inhibitory curves of contraction were plotted. The twitch pattern of SVSM contraction was
analyzed according to its phasic and tonic components.
Results: PE and Ach could both achieve good contraction of rat seminal vesicle, especially with the twitch phenomenon.
The IC50 of prazosin and WB-4101 were far greater than that of CEC. The IC50 of 4-DAMP was very close to atropine. PE
and Ach could cause different patterns of SVSM twitch. PE induced SVSM contraction had more tonic components, but
Ach induced SVSM contraction had more phasic components.
Conclusion: The predominant subtypes of adrenergic and cholinergic receptors on rat seminal vesicle are О±1a and M3
respectively. The calcium channel blocker, nifedipine could also inhibit the contraction of rat seminal vesicles. Different
drugs also cause different pattern of SVSM twitch. In our speculation, sympathetic effect is more dominant during emission
stage; however, parasympathetic effect is more dominant during ejection stage and provides an anti-reflux effect on
ejaculatory duct. Further studies for realizing physiology of ejaculation are worthy.
PP84
THE PERIPHERAL EFFECT OF DOPAMINE ON CONTRACTION OF RAT SEMINAL VESICLES--- IN VIVO
REGULATION AND ORGAN BATH STUDY
1,2,3
Vincent FS Tsai
1
1
4
1
1
, Fu-Shan Jaw , Hong-Chiang Chang , Yuh-Chen Kuo , Shih-Ping Liu , Ju-Ton Hsieh
1
Institute of Biomedical Engineering, National Taiwan University (Taiwan)
2
Department of Urology, National Taiwan University Hospital (Taiwan)
3
Department of Urology, Ten-Chen General Hospital (Taiwan)
4
Department of Urology, Taipei City Hospital (Taiwan)
Purpose: To investigate the peripheral effect of dopamine on contraction of rat seminal vesicles, including in vivo
regulation and organ bath study.
Materials and Methods: To exam in vivo regulation, a polyethylene catheter (PE-60) was placed in the lumen of the rat
seminal vesicles to record the intra-luminal pressure change. Dopamine and the test drugs were administrated through
a catheter running from the femoral artery to the bifurcation of the common iliac artery. Phasic tension (О”mmHg) of the
maximal seminal vesicle contractile response induced by intra-arterial injection of dopamine was used as the control.
The seminal vesicle contractile responses to dopamine after pretreatment of blocking agents and antagonists were
obtained and compared with the control. For organ bath study, dopamine HCl (DA, 10-5 to 3 x 10-4M) was added with
various concentrations into organ bath to induce isometric contraction of the isolated rat seminal vesicles. The dose
response curve of the isolated rat seminal vesicles reacting to dopamine and the inhibitory dose response curve to
dopaminergic antagonists (R(+)SCH-23390, S(-)-sulpiride) were depicted.
Results: Pressure within the seminal vesicles of the Wistar rats increased significantly after intra-arterial injectio
dopamine. The maximal mean phasic tension was 61.3 В± 4.1 mmHg when 1
M/kg dopamine was injected. Pretreat
with haloperidol, SCH 23390 and domperidone at the doses sufficient to block dopaminergic receptors significantly inhi
the dopamine-induced contraction of rat seminal vesicles. These findings suggest the existence of functional dopamin
receptors in rat seminal vesicles. Pretreatment with guanethidine also significantly inhibited the dopamine-ind
contraction of rat seminal vesicles. Norepinephrine mediation of the dopamine-induced contraction of rat seminal ves
was further supported by the findings that prazosin (1 nM/kg) and WB-4101 (1 nM/kg) both significantly impeded the max
contractile response. In the organ bath study, dopamine could achieve good contraction of rat seminal vesicle, espe
with the phasic phenomenon. The IC50 of R(+)-SCH23390 was similar to that of S(-)-sulpiride. And a calcium cha
blocker, nifedipine could also inhibit the contraction of rat seminal vesicles.
Conclusion: Contraction of rat seminal vesicle involves dopaminergic receptor regulation. Mediation of norepinephrine
in dopamine-induced contraction of rat seminal vesicle is also suggested. The predominant subtypes of dopaminergic
receptors on rat seminal vesicle are D2 and D1.
PP85
WHAT DO MEN KNOW ABOUT THEIR SEXUAL HEALTH – A QUALITATIVE STUDY IN “GEN X AND Y”
1
2
2
2
2
3
VKM Lee , CJ Ng , EM Khoo , LP Wong , WY Low , HM Tan
1
International Medical University (Malaysia)
2
University of Malaya (Malaysia)
3
Sime Darby Medical Centre (Malaysia)
Purpose: Generation X (Gen X) is the group of people aged ranging from 30 to 44 years, who face an uncertain, ill-defined
future. Generation Y (Gen Y), on the other hand, are people aged 19 to 29 years, with an increased use and familiarity with
communications, media, and digital technologies. With the difference in outlook and skills, it is unclear if their views on
sexual health differ. This study aimed to explore the knowledge and attitude about sexual health among Gen X & Y men.
Methods: This study used the qualitative methodology. It was conducted at an urban area of Malaysia in 2009/2010. Men
were sampled purposively based on the age, ethnicity and educational background. Trained facilitators conducted 10 focus
group interviews with men from generation X (n=54) and 12 from generation Y (n=69) using a semi-structured interview
guide. The interviews were audio-recorded, transcribed verbatim and checked for accuracy. Two researchers analysed the
transcripts independently by extracting and agreeing on the emerging themes before converting them into nodes for coding
across the 22 transcripts. NVivo 9 was used to manage the data.
Results: Men from both Generation X and Y feel sexual health are very important in maintaining relationships. Gen X men
perceive having normal or satisfying sexual relationships boost their confidence, life and work performance. Nevertheless,
they are unable to define normal sexual health. Men do not share sexual problem with their sexual partners but may
discuss it with their male friends. Most Gen X and few Gen Y men have heard and knew about erectile dysfunction (ED).
Most men from both generations know very little about premature ejaculation (PE) and they generally are confused with
the symptoms and consequences of ED and PE. Gen Y men are concern about sexually transmitted infections.
Conclusion: Men of Gen X and Y agreed sexual health are important but many are still unsure what normal sexual health is
They are unsure about premature ejaculation and confused about the difference between erectile dysfunction and
premature ejaculation.
PP86
THE EFFECT OF PLATELET RICH FIBRIN ON CAVERNOUS NERVE REGENERATION IN A NERVE INJURY RAT
MODEL
1,2
3
3
1,4
Chien-Chih Wu , Hsiu-O Ho , Yi-No Wu , Han-Sun Chiang
1
Department of Urology, Taipei Medical University Hospital (Taiwan)
2
School of Medicine, College of Medicine, Taipei Medical University Hospital (Taiwan)
3
College of Pharmacy, Taipei Medical University (Taiwan)
4
Graduate Institute of Basic Medicine, College of Medicine, Fu Jen Catholic University (Taiwan)
Objectives: To assess whether platelet rich fibrin (PRF) have theraputic effects on cavernous nerve (CN) regeneration.
Materials and MethodsпјљTwenty-four 12-week old male Spraque-Dawley rats were used in this study. These animals were
randomly divided into four groups: Group I underwent sham operation, while three groups underwent bilateral CN crush.
Three crush-injury groups were treated at the time of injury with an application of PRF, or platelet-derived growth factor
(PDGF) or normal saline only on the site of injury, respectively. Erectile function was assessed by CN electrosimulation at 4
weeks. Penile tissue and CN were collected for histology.
ResultsпјљFour weeks after surgery, in the group that underwent bilateral nerve crush with normal saline , the functional
evaluation showed a lower mean maximal intracavernous pressure (ICP) than that in the sham group. Both PRF and
PDGF treatments resulted in significant recovery of erectile function of erectile function, as compared with normal saline
treatment. Histologically, the groups with the treatment of PRF and PDGF had significantly less fibrosis and a significant
preservation of myelinated axons of CNs compared with injured controls.
Conclusions: The application of PRF and PDGF to the site of CN crush injury can improve recovery of erectile function and
facilitate nerve regeneration in a rat model.
PP87
ASSOCIATION BETWEEN ENDOGENOUS SEX HORMONES, SEX HORMONE-BINDING GLOBULIN, AND SERUM
C-REACTIVE PROTEIN LEVELS IN BOTH SEXES
1
2
3
1
Chun-Hou Liao , Hung-Yuan Li , Wen-Ya Ma , Han-Sun Chiang
1
Division of Urology, Department of Surgery; College of Medicine, Ph.D. Program in Nutrition and Food Sciences, and
Graduate Institute of Basic Medicine, College of Medicine, Fu Jen Catholic University (Taiwan)
2
Department of Internal Medicine, National Taiwan University Hospital and College of Medicine, National Taiwan
University (Taiwan)
3
Department of Internal Medicine, Cardinal Tien Hospital, and College of Medicine, Fu Jen Catholic University (Taiwan)
Purpose: Endogenous sex hormones and sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG) have been reported to be associated with
cardiovascular disease (CVD) and associated risk factors. Serum C-reactive protein (CRP) level is an important marker of
chronic inflammation and CVD risk. We investigate the association between serum sex hormones, SHBG and CRP levels
in both sexes.
Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study included 696 subjects (255 men, 235 pre-menopausal women, and 206
postmenopausal women). Body mass index, waist circumference, blood pressure, lipid profiles, plasma glucose, insulin,
FSH, LH, total testosterone (TT), estradiol, SHBG, dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate (DHEA-S), and hs-CRP concentrations
were measured. MetS was defined according to the updated National Cholesterol Education Progream Adult Treatment
Panel III criteria with modification of waist circumference for Asians.
Results: Hs-CRP and serum SHBG were negatively correlated in men (r = -0.29, p < 0.001), pre-menopausal women (r =
-0.38, p < 0.001), and postmenopausal women (r = -0.27, p < 0.001). In men, TT and hs-CRP showed a negative
association (r = -0.25, p < 0.001), but the association was attenuated after adjusting for SHBG (r=-0.14, p=0.039).
Multivariate regression models showed that SHBG was independently associated with hs-CRP in men (r = -0.18, p =
0.009), pre-menopausal women (r = -0.15, p = 0.025), and postmenopausal women (r = -0.21, p = 0.005), adjusted for age,
MetS components, insulin resistance, low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol, and serum sex hormone levels.
Conclusions: Serum SHBG and hs-CRP concentrations were inversely correlated in men, pre-menoposal, and
post-menopausal women independently. For serum sex hormones, only TT had significant association with serum CRP
level in men after multivariate analysis, but the association was attenuated after adjusting for SHBG.
PP88
SERUM TESTOSTERONE LEVELS SIGNIFICANTLY CORRELATE
1,2
1,2,3
Yu-Wei Chou , Chun-Hou Liao
1,2
3
, Han-Sun Chiang , Hong-Jeng Yu
1
Division of Urology, Department of Surgery, Cardinal Tien Hospital; College of Medicine (Taiwan)
2
Ph.D. Program in Nutrition and Food Sciences, and Graduate Institute of Basic Medicine, College of Medicine, Fu Jen
Catholic University (Taiwan)
3
Department of Urology, National Taiwan University Hospital and College of Medicine, National Taiwan University (Taiwan)
Purpose: Lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) include voiding, storage, and postmicturition symptoms. Although male
LUTS are attributed to the prostate in elders traditionally, the bladder and systemic diseases are also considered as the
causes of LUTS. Despite the well-known association between sex hormones and prostate growth, few data describe the
relationship between male LUTS and sex hormones are available. We investigate the association between serum sex
hormone levels and LUTS in men aged 40-79 years.
Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in 509 Taiwanese men. Serum total testosterone (TT),
dihydrotestosterone (DHT), and estradiol (E2) levels were measured. Total prostate volume (TPV) measured by transrectal
ultrasonography and International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS) questionnaire were obtained. Univariate and
multivariate regression models were constructed to calculate odds ratio (95% confidence interval).
Results: Subjects with moderate to severe LUTS (total IPSS>=8) were elder, with higher incidence of hypertension and
diabetes, with larger prostate, and had lower serum TT levels. On univariate analyses, serum total TT levels were
negatively associated with total IPSS, IPSS storage subscore, weak stream and nocturia. After adjusting age, hypertension
diabetes, and TPV, only serum TT level significantly associated with nocturia (more than 2 times per night) (p=0.042), and
men with serum TT levels in the highest quartile had 44% reduced risk of nocturia than in the lowest quartile (p=0.037).
ConclusionsпјљIn our relative healthy male cohort, most IPSS items showed no significant association with serum sex
hormone levels except for nocturia, which showed a negative correlation with serum testosterone level.
PP89
TESTOSTERONE
AND
SEX
HORMONE-BINDING
GLOBULIN
HAVE
SIGNIFICANT
ASSOCIATION
WITH
METABOLIC SYNDROME IN TAIWANESE ME
1
1,2
3
1,2
Chia-Hao Kuei , hun-Hou Liao , Hong-Jeng Yu , Han-Sun Chiang
1
Division of Urology, Department of Surgery, Cardinal Tien Hospital (Taiwan)
2
College of Medicine, Fu Jen Catholic University (Taiwan)
3
Department of Urology and Internal Medicine, National Taiwan University Hospital (Taiwan)
Purpose: To investigate the relationship between sex hormones and metabolic syndrome (MS) in an Asian population.
Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in 237 men (aged 20–88 years, mean age 52 years).
These individuals measured their serum concentrations of lipid, glucose, insulin, total testosterone (TT), estradiol (E2), sex
hormone-binding globulin (SHBG), dehydroepiandosterone sulfate (DHEA-S) along with their body height, weight, waist
circumference, and blood pressure. Free testosterone (FT) and bioavailable testosterone (BT) were calculated.
Correlations were determined using univariate and multivariate regression analyses.
Results: Men with MS had lower levels of TT, BT, FT, SHBG and DHEA-S than men without MS. In multivariable analysis,
both TT and especially SHBG remained associated with MS, with odds ratios of 1.34 (95% confidence interval [CI]:
1.18-1.52) and 1.77 (95% CI: 1.53-2.06) respectively. For the correlation of TT and SHBG with each component of MS, TT
was related to waist circumference (P=0.006); SHBG was associated with blood pressure and blood sugar (P=0.009 and
P=0.043); and TT and SHBG were risk factor of subjects with abnormal triglycerides level (P=0.001 and P=0.043). A
significanttrend was observed between decreasing levels of TT, BT, FT, and SHBG with an increasing number of MS
components.
Conclusion: Our data suggested that serum levels of TT and SHBG inversely correlated with the risk of MS. In addition,
serum TT level was related to waist circumference (obesity) and serum SHBG level was associated with blood pressure
and blood sugar.
PP90
DEVELOPMENT OF SEXUAL SELF-CONCEPT SCALE FOR ADOLESCENTS
1
2
3
4
Jiunn-Horng Lou , Sheng-Hwang Chen , Cheng-Joo Eng , Yen-Chin Lin , Fang-Chen Lin
5
1
Center for General Education, Hsin Sheng College of Medicine Care and Management (Taiwan)
2
Department of Service Business Management, Hsin Sheng College of Medicine Care and Management (Taiwan)
3
Department of Child Educare, Min-Hwei College of Health Care Management (Taiwan)
4
Graduate School of Human Sexuality, Shu-Te University (Taiwan)
5
Department of Service Business Management, Hsin Sheng College of Medicine Care and Management (Taiwan)
Purpose: Self-concept is the cognitive or thinking aspect of self (related to one’s self-image) and generally refers to "the
totality of a complex, organized, and dynamic system of learned beliefs, attitudes and opinions that each person holds to
be true about his or her personal existence" (Purkey, 1988).The purpose of the study is to develop an adequate sexual
self-concept scale suited for adolescents in Taiwan based on theory of self-concept proposed by Michael and Smith.
Referring to related scale on sexual self-concept reviewing relevant literature and conducting expert review, the new scale
suited for Taiwan was consisted of three constructs (sexual arousability, sexual agency, and negative sexual affect) and 16
items.
Methods and Materials: The study used convenience sampling to select 265 valid samples for pilot study from a college.
After exploratory factor analysis and reliability analysis, a formal Likert-like scale with 10 items in three dimensions (sexual
arousability, sexual agency, and negative sexual affect) was generated. A total of 900 questionnaire were sent to the
adolescents of one medical and nursing college in Taiwan with 748 valid copies returned (valid response rate=83.1%).
Structural equation modelling and confirmatory factor analysis were used for data analysis.
Results: In reliability analysis, the internal consistency coefficients Cronbach’s α of each dimension was between 0.83 and
0.92, and the О± of the overall scale was 0.93. In validity analysis, the model fit indices of the confirmatory factor analysis
showedχ2 = 53.50, df = 32 (p < 0.01), the root mean square error of approximation (RMSEA) = 0.050, the comparative fit
index (CFI) = 0.98 and the standardised root mean square residual (SRMR) = 0.027.
Conclusion: The results showed the developed sexual self-concept scale had good reliability. The scales can be
used to measure adolescents’ sexual behaviour, perception of contraception, attitude of body image, and sexual
motivation.
Keywords: Sexual Arousability, Sexual Agency, Negative Sexual Affect, and Sexual Self-Concept Scale.
PP91
THE MEDICAL-CARE SEEKING BEHAVIORS AND LIFE EXPERIENCES AMONG VAGINISMUS PATIENTS AND
THEIR PARTNERS IN TAIWAN
1
Cherng-Jye Jeng , Hsing-Yuan Liu
2
1
Taipei Medical university (Taiwan)
2
Department of Nursing, Chang Gung Technology University (Taiwan)
Review of sexual dysfunction was less than one hundred years of scientific research so far, and most elaborate discussion
begins with as the main male sexual dysfunction, for female sexual dysfunction is rarely dwell. Particularly in the health
care sector on the importance of female sexual dysfunction, sexual dysfunction than men, behind at least fifteen years.
The purpose of this study was to investigate the medical-care seeking behaviors and life experiences among vaginismus
patients and their partners. The purpose sampling consisted of 5 couples from a medical university hospital in Northern
Taiwan. Data were collected by semi-structured interview on e medical-care seeking behaviors and life, each couple for
2-3 hours. The strategy of data analysis was based on grounded theory.
The results showed that the couples limited to medical-care seeking, is not only unable to obtain the related medical
resources, but also unfriendly medical environment's and deficient privacy affects the wish which seeks medical help. Four
major themes were identified as the medical-care seeking behaviors and life experiences among vaginismus patients and
their partners: (a) I’m not good or you are sickness ; (b) Ashamed and helpless for the medical-care seeking behaviors ; (c)
the endurance and the fear are pressed from vaginal penetration exercises; (d) to desire attention the local injections of
botulinum toxin . Interpretations of these findings and recommendations for future research are presented.
Keywords: vaginismus, female sexual dysfunction.
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