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7SGMEP
7IGYVMX]
;LEX )ZIV]
;SQER 7LSYPH
/RS[
7SGMEP 7IGYVMX] %RH 8SHE]
W ;SQER
2IEVP] IZIV] %QIVMGERВ‹QER [SQER ERH GLMPHВ‹LEW
7SGMEP 7IGYVMX] TVSXIGXMSR IMXLIV EW E [SVOIV SV EW E HITIR
HIRX SJ E [SVOIV ;LIR XLI TVSKVEQ FIKER MR 7SGMEP
7IGYVMX] FIRIJMXW [IVI PMQMXIH XS VIXMVIH [SVOIVW ERH QSWX
[SVOIVW [IVI QIR 1SWX [SQIR HMH RSX [SVO SYXWMHI XLI
LSQI
8SHE] XLI VSPI SJ [SQIR MW JEV HMJJIVIRX 2IEVP] TIVGIRX SJ EPP [SQIR EVI MR XLI REXMSR
W [SVOJSVGI 1ER]
[SQIR [SVO XLVSYKLSYX XLIMV EHYPX PMZIW %PXLSYKL 7SGMEP
7IGYVMX] EP[E]W LEW TVSZMHIH FIRIJMXW JSV [SQIR MX LEW
XEOIR SR EHHIH WMKRMJMGERGI 1SVI [SQIR [SVO TE] 7SGMEP
7IGYVMX] XE\IW ERH IEVR GVIHMX XS[EVH E QSRXLP] MRGSQI JSV
XLIMV VIXMVIQIRX ;SVOMRK [SQIR [MXL GLMPHVIR IEVR 7SGMEP
7IGYVMX] TVSXIGXMSR JSV XLIQWIPZIW ERH XLIMV JEQMPMIW 8LMW
GSYPH QIER QSRXLP] FIRIJMXW XS E [SQER ERH LIV JEQMP] MJ
WLI FIGSQIW HMWEFPIH ERH GER RS PSRKIV [SVO -J WLI HMIW
LIV WYVZMZSVW QE] FI IPMKMFPI JSV FIRIJMXW
%PXLSYKL WSQI [SQIR GLSSWI PMJIXMQI GEVIIVW SYXWMHI
XLI LSQI QER] [SQIR [SVO JSV E JI[ ]IEVW PIEZI XLI PEFSV
JSVGI XS VEMWI XLIMV GLMPHVIR ERH XLIR VIXYVR XS [SVO 7SQI
[SQIR GLSSWI RSX XS [SVO SYXWMHI XLIMV LSQIW 8LI]
YWYEPP] EVI GSZIVIH F] 7SGMEP 7IGYVMX] XLVSYKL XLIMV
LYWFERH
W [SVO ERH GER VIGIMZI FIRIJMXW [LIR LI VIXMVIW
FIGSQIW HMWEFPIH SV HMIW
;LIXLIV E [SQER [SVOW LEW [SVOIH SV LEW RIZIV
[SVOIH MX MW MQTSVXERX XLEX WLI ORS[W I\EGXP] [LEX 7SGMEP
7IGYVMX] GSZIVEKI QIERW XS LIV 7LI EPWS WLSYPH ORS[ EFSYX
7SGMEP 7IGYVMX] GSZIVEKI JSV ER]SRI WLI QE] LMVI EW E
LSYWILSPH [SVOIV SV TVSZMHIV SJ GLMPH GEVI 7LI RIIHW XS
ORS[ [LEX XS HS MJ WLI GLERKIW LIV REQI %RH WLI RIIHW XS
ORS[ XLEX MJ WLI VIGIMZIW E TIRWMSR JSV [SVO RSX GSZIVIH F]
7SGMEP 7IGYVMX] LIV 7SGMEP 7IGYVMX] FIRIJMXW GSYPH FI
EJJIGXIH
;I MRZMXI ]SY XS VIEH XLMW FSSOPIX XS WII [LEX 7SGMEP
7IGYVMX] SJJIVW ]SY 8LI FSSOPIX MW RSX MRXIRHIH EW E
GSQTPIXI I\TPEREXMSR SJ XLI 7SGMEP 7IGYVMX] TVSKVEQ -X
W E
KYMHI XS XLSWI TVSZMWMSRW XLEX EVI SV GER FI SJ TEVXMGYPEV
MRXIVIWX XS ]SY ERH IZIV] [SQER =SY QE] [ERX XS OIIT XLMW
FSSOPIX JSV JYXYVI VIJIVIRGI
7SGMEP 7IGYVMX]
W
-RXIVRIX ;IFWMXI [[[WSGMEPWIGYVMX]KSZ
8SPP*VII 2YQFIV rrr
88= 2YQFIV rrr
;LEX
W -RWMHI
4EVX В‹;LIR =SY
VI )QTPS]IH 3V
7IPJ)QTPS]IH 4EVX В‹7SQI 7TIGMEP )QTPS]QIRX
7MXYEXMSRW 4EVX В‹;LIR =SY 6IXMVI 4EVX В‹-J =SY
ZI 2IZIV &IIR )QTPS]IH 4EVX В‹;LIR =SY ,EZI -RGSQI *VSQ %
+SZIVRQIRX 4IRWMSR 4EVX В‹;LIR =SYV 1EVMXEP 7XEXYW
'LERKIW 4EVX В‹=SY %PWS 2IIH 8S /RS[ 4EVX В‹;LIR =SY 2IIH 1SVI -RJSVQEXMSR %FSYX
7SGMEP 7IGYVMX] 4EVX В‹=SYV 4IVWSREP -RJSVQEXMSR -W 7EJI ;MXL
7SGMEP 7IGYVMX] 4EVX В‹;LIR =SY
VI )QTPS]IH 3V
7IPJ)QTPS]IH
;LIR ]SY [SVO ERH TE] 7SGMEP 7IGYVMX] XE\IW ]SY IEVR
7SGMEP 7IGYVMX] GVIHMXW XLEX GER UYEPMJ] ]SY ERH ]SYV JEQMP]
JSV HMWEFMPMX] ERH WYVZMZSVW MRWYVERGI GSZIVEKI =SY LEZI
XLMW GSZIVEKI [LIXLIV ]SY [SVO JSV ER IQTPS]IV SV [LIXLIV
]SY EVI WIPJIQTPS]IH =SY
VI EPWS IEVRMRK GVIHMXW XS[EVH
]SYV VIXMVIQIRX FIRIJMXW -R EHHMXMSR ]SY
VI IEVRMRK
1IHMGEVI TVSXIGXMSR JSV ]SYVWIPJ ERH ]SYV JEQMP] MR XLI
IZIRX ]SY SV XLI] IZIV RIIH HMEP]WMW XVIEXQIRX SV E OMHRI]
XVERWTPERX =SY
VI EPWS IEVRMRK 1IHMGEVI TVSXIGXMSR XLEX
[MPP FI EZEMPEFPI [LIR ]SY VIEGL EKI -J ]SY FIGSQI HMWEFPIH ]SY QE] FI EFPI XS KIX HMWEFMPMX]
FIRIJMXW TVSZMHIH ]SY LEZI [SVOIH PSRK IRSYKL YRHIV
7SGMEP 7IGYVMX] =SY [MPP FI GSRWMHIVIH HMWEFPIH MJ ]SY
GERRSX HS [SVO ]SY HMH FIJSVI ERH [I HIGMHI XLEX ]SY
GERRSX EHNYWX XS SXLIV [SVO FIGEYWI SJ ]SYV QIHMGEP GSRHM
XMSRW =SYV HMWEFMPMX] EPWS QYWX PEWX SV FI I\TIGXIH XS PEWX
JSV EX PIEWX E ]IEV SV XS VIWYPX MR HIEXL =SYV HMWEFMPMX]
TE]QIRXW [SYPH WXEVX [MXL XLI WM\XL JYPP QSRXL SJ ]SYV HMW
EFMPMX]В‹XLIVI
W E JMZIQSRXL [EMXMRK TIVMSHВ‹ERH [SYPH
GSRXMRYI EW PSRK EW ]SY EVI HMWEFPIH -J ]SY VIGIMZI HMWEFMPMX]
TE]QIRXW JSV GSRWIGYXMZI QSRXLW ]SY EPWS [MPP LEZI
1IHMGEVI TVSXIGXMSR
-J ]SY FIGSQI HMWEFPIH ]SYV YRQEVVMIH GLMPHVIR GER KIX
FIRIJMXW XSS 1SRXLP] GLIGOW EVI TE]EFPI XS ]SYV FMSPSKMGEP
SV PIKEPP] EHSTXIH GLMPHVIR SV HITIRHIRX WXITGLMPHVIR SV
KVERHGLMPHVIR [LSВ‹
w EVI YRHIV EKI w FIGSQI HMWEFPIH FIJSVI EKI ERH VIQEMR HMWEFPIH SV
w EVI EKI XS ERH EXXIRHMRK IPIQIRXEV] SV WIGSRHEV]
WGLSSP JYPP XMQI
-J ]SY EVI QEVVMIH ERH ]SYV LYWFERH MW EKI SV SPHIV
LI QE] UYEPMJ] JSV TE]QIRXW MJ ]SY FIGSQI HMWEFPIH ,I QE]
UYEPMJ] EX ER] EKI MJ LI MW GEVMRK JSV ]SYV GLMPH [LS MW YRHIV
EKI SV HMWEFPIH ERH IRXMXPIH XS FIRIJMXW
;LIR ]SY HMI FSXL ]SYV [MHS[IV ERH ]SYV HITIRHIRX
GLMPHVIR QE] VIGIMZI QSRXLP] WYVZMZSVW FIRIJMXW %
SRIXMQI TE]QIRX SJ EPWS QE] FI TE]EFPI XS ]SYV
[MHS[IV SV HITIRHIRX GLMPHVIR
-J XLIVI EVI RS HITIRHIRX GLMPHVIR ]SYV [MHS[IV QYWX
FI IMXLIV EKI SV SPHIV SV FIX[IIR XLI EKIW SJ ERH ERH HMWEFPIH XS UYEPMJ] JSV FIRIJMXW SR ]SYV [SVO VIGSVH -J
]SY LEZI HITIRHIRX TEVIRXW EKI SV SPHIV XLI] QE] FI
IPMKMFPI JSV TE]QIRXW [LIR ]SY HMI
4EVX В‹7SQI 7TIGMEP
)QTPS]QIRX 7MXYEXMSRW
-J ]SY ERH ]SYV LYWFERH S[R ERH STIVEXI E FYWMRIWW
XSKIXLIV ERH ]SY I\TIGX XS WLEVI MR XLI TVSJMXW ERH PSWWIW
]SY QE] FI IRXMXPIH XS VIGIMZI 7SGMEP 7IGYVMX] GVIHMXW EW E
TEVXRIV 8LMW QE] FI XVYI IZIR MJ ]SY ERH ]SYV LYWFERH LEZI
RS JSVQEP TEVXRIVWLMT EKVIIQIRX 8S VIGIMZI GVIHMX JSV ]SYV
WLEVI SJ XLI FYWMRIWW MRGSQI ]SY QYWX JMPI E WITEVEXI
WIPJIQTPS]QIRX VIXYVR 7GLIHYPI 7) IZIR XLSYKL ]SY
ERH ]SYV LYWFERH JMPI E NSMRX MRGSQI XE\ VIXYVR -J ]SY HSR
X
JMPI E WITEVEXI 7GLIHYPI 7) EPP XLI IEVRMRKW JVSQ XLI
FYWMRIWW [MPP FI VITSVXIH YRHIV ]SYV LYWFERH
W 7SGMEP
7IGYVMX] RYQFIV -R XLEX GEWI ]SYV 7SGMEP 7IGYVMX] VIGSVH
[MPP RSX WLS[ ]SYV IEVRMRKW ERH ]SY [MPP RSX VIGIMZI 7SGMEP
7IGYVMX] GVIHMXW JSV XLIQ
-J ]SY EVI E LSYWILSPH [SVOIV ]SYV [EKIW EVI GSZIVIH
YRHIV 7SGMEP 7IGYVMX] MJ ]SY IEVR SV QSVI MRGPYHMRK
GEWL JSV XVERWTSVXEXMSR I\TIRWIW YRPIWW ]SY [IVI YRHIV EKI
HYVMRK ER] TEVX SJ XLI ]IEV ERH LSYWILSPH [SVO MW RSX
]SYV TVMRGMTEP NSF
,SYWILSPH [SVOIVW MRGPYHI FEF]WMXXIVW QEMHW GSSOW
PEYRHV] [SVOIVW FYXPIVW KEVHIRIVW GLEYJJIYVW TISTPI [LS
HS LSYWIGPIERMRK SV VITEMV [SVO SV ER]SRI IQTPS]IH MR SV
EVSYRH WSQISRI IPWI
W LSQI
=SY WLSYPH WLS[ ]SYV IQTPS]IV ]SYV 7SGMEP 7IGYVMX]
GEVH ERH EWO LMQ SV LIV XS [MXLLSPH 7SGMEP 7IGYVMX] XE\IW
JVSQ ]SYV [EKIW TE] ER IUYEP EQSYRX ERH WIRH XLI
GSQFMRIH XE\IW XS XLI -RXIVREP 6IZIRYI 7IVZMGI [MXL E
VITSVX SJ XLI [EKIW TEMH -J XLI [EKIW EVIR
X VITSVXIH ]SY
[SR
X IEVR 7SGMEP 7IGYVMX] GVIHMX JSV ]SYV [SVO -J ]SY HSR
X
LEZI IRSYKL 7SGMEP 7IGYVMX] GVIHMXW ]SY ERH ]SYV JEQMP]
[SR
X FI EFPI XS KIX QSRXLP] FIRIJMXW SR ]SYV [EKI VIGSVH
[LIR ]SY VIXMVI SV MJ ]SY FIGSQI HMWEFPIH SV HMI -X
W MQTSV
XERX XLEX ]SYV IEVRMRKW EVI VITSVXIH IZIR MJ ]SY EPVIEH] LEZI
IRSYKL 7SGMEP 7IGYVMX] GVIHMXW XS IRXMXPI ]SY XS FIRIJMXW
8LI EQSYRX SJ ]SYV FIRIJMX MW FEWIH SR ]SYV GSZIVIH
IEVRMRKW SZIV E TIVMSH SJ ]IEVW -J WIZIVEP ]IEVW SJ IEVRMRKW
EVI SQMXXIH ]SYV FIRIJMX QE] FI PS[IV XLER MX [SYPH FI MJ
EPP ]SYV IEVRMRKW EVI VITSVXIH
-J ]SY LEZI WIVZIH MR XLI QMPMXEV] SR EGXMZI HYX] SV SR
MREGXMZI HYX] JSV XVEMRMRK WMRGI ]SY LEZI TEMH MRXS
7SGMEP 7IGYVMX] -REGXMZI HYX] WIVZMGI MR XLI %VQIH *SVGIW
6IWIVZIW ERH 2EXMSREP +YEVH [IIOIRH HVMPPW LEW FIIR
GSZIVIH F] 7SGMEP 7IGYVMX] WMRGI -J ]SY WIVZIH MR XLI
QMPMXEV] FIJSVI ]SY HMH RSX TE] MRXS 7SGMEP 7IGYVMX]
HMVIGXP] FYX ]SYV VIGSVHW QE] FI GVIHMXIH [MXL WTIGMEP
IEVRMRKW JSV 7SGMEP 7IGYVMX] TYVTSWIW XLEX GSYRX XS[EVH ER]
FIRIJMXW ]SY QE] FI IRXMXPIH XS VIGIMZI
;LIR ]SY ETTP] JSV 7SGMEP 7IGYVMX] XLI GVIHMXW ]SY
VIGIMZI JSV QMPMXEV] WIVZMGI EVI EHHIH XS ]SYV GMZMPMER [SVO
GVIHMXW 8LI RYQFIV SJ GVIHMXW ]SY LEZI HIXIVQMRIW [LIXLIV
]SY UYEPMJ] JSV 7SGMEP 7IGYVMX]
=SY QE] FI IPMKMFPI JSV FSXL 7SGMEP 7IGYVMX] FIRIJMXW ERH
QMPMXEV] VIXMVIQIRX +IRIVEPP] XLIVI MW RS SJJWIX SJ 7SGMEP
7IGYVMX] FIRIJMXW FIGEYWI SJ ]SYV QMPMXEV] VIXMVIQIRX =SY
[MPP KIX ]SYV JYPP 7SGMEP 7IGYVMX] FIRIJMX FEWIH SR ]SYV IEVR
MRKW =SYV 7SGMEP 7IGYVMX] FIRIJMX QE] FI VIHYGIH LS[IZIV
MJ ]SY EPWS VIGIMZI E TIRWMSR JVSQ E NSF MR [LMGL ]SY HMH RSX
TE] 7SGMEP 7IGYVMX] XE\IW
7SGMEP 7IGYVMX] WYVZMZSVW FIRIJMXW QE] EJJIGX FIRIJMXW
TE]EFPI YRHIV XLI STXMSREP (ITEVXQIRX SJ (IJIRWI
7YVZMZSVW &IRIJMX 4PER =SY WLSYPH GLIGO [MXL XLI
(ITEVXQIRX SJ (IJIRWI SV ]SYV QMPMXEV] VIXMVIQIRX EHZMWSV
JSV QSVI MRJSVQEXMSR
4EVX В‹;LIR =SY 6IXMVI
=SY QE] FI EFPI XS KIX 7SGMEP 7IGYVMX] FIRIJMXW EW IEVP] EW
EKI FYX ]SYV FIRIJMX [MPP FI TIVQERIRXP] VIHYGIH XS XEOI
EGGSYRX SJ XLI PSRKIV XMQI XLEX ]SY [MPP VIGIMZI FIRIJMXW -J
]SY [EMX YRXMP JYPP VIXMVIQIRX EKI XS VIXMVI ]SY
PP FI IPMKMFPI
JSV JYPP VIXMVIQIRX FIRIJMXW 7XEVXMRK MR XLI EKI EX
[LMGL JYPP FIRIJMXW EVI TE]EFPI MRGVIEWIW KVEHYEPP] YRXMP MX
VIEGLIW EKI MR ERH EKI MR 7II GLEVX
4EKI -J ]SY
VI QEVVMIH ERH EPWS IPMKMFPI JSV E VIHYGIH WTSYWI
W
FIRIJMX EX XLI XMQI ]SY
VI IPMKMFPI JSV VIXMVIQIRX FIRIJMXW
]SY QYWX JMPI JSV FSXL FIRIJMXW 8LI WEQI VYPI ETTPMIW XS
]SYV LYWFERH 4ISTPI [LS EVI IPMKMFPI JSV FIRIJMXW SR QSVI
XLER SRI [SVO VIGSVH KIRIVEPP] VIGIMZI XLI PEVKIV FIRIJMX
EQSYRX 8LI WEQI VYPI ETTPMIW XS GLMPHVIR [LS EVI IPMKMFPI
JSV FIRIJMXW SR FSXL TEVIRXW
VIGSVHW
-J ]SY
ZI LEH LMKL IEVRMRKW MX
W PMOIP] XLEX ]SYV S[R
FIRIJMXW [MPP FI LMKLIV XLER E WTSYWI
W FIRIJMX 3R XLI SXLIV
LERH MJ ]SY WXSTTIH [SVOMRK JSV WIZIVEP ]IEVW SV LEH PS[
IEVRMRKW XLI WTSYWI
W FIRIJMX QE] FI LMKLIV %X JYPP VIXMVI
QIRX EKI E [MJI VIGIMZIW TIVGIRX SJ [LEX LIV LYWFERH MW
IRXMXPIH XS EX JYPP VIXMVIQIRX EKI ;LIR ]SY ETTP] JSV VIXMVI
QIRX FIRIJMXW E 7SGMEP 7IGYVMX] VITVIWIRXEXMZI GER XIPP ]SY
[LIXLIV ]SY [MPP KIX E LMKLIV FIRIJMX SR ]SYV S[R VIGSVH SV
SR ]SYV LYWFERH
W
-J ]SY IEVRIH ]SYV S[R 7SGMEP 7IGYVMX] GVIHMXW ]SY LEZI
GIVXEMR STXMSRW EX VIXMVIQIRX *SV I\EQTPI WYTTSWI ]SYV
LYWFERH GSRXMRYIW XS [SVO TEWX JYPP VIXMVIQIRX EKI ERH
HSIWR
X GSPPIGX 7SGMEP 7IGYVMX] FIRIJMXW =SY GER VIXMVI ERH
KIX FIRIJMXW FEWIH SR ]SYV S[R VIGSVH 8LIR [LIR LI
VIXMVIW ]SY GER VIGIMZI FIRIJMXW SR LMW VIGSVH MJ XLI] [SYPH
FI LMKLIV
3V ]SY GER XEOI VIHYGIH FIRIJMXW SR ]SYV [EKI VIGSVH
FIJSVI JYPP VIXMVIQIRX EKI -J ]SY HS ]SYV FIRIJMX [MPP EP[E]W
FI VIHYGIHВ‹IZIR MJ ]SY XEOI VIHYGIH FIRIJMXW SR ]SYV S[R
VIGSVH ERH XLIR XEOI [MJI
W FIRIJMXW [LIR ]SYV LYWFERH
VIXMVIW 8LI WEQI FIRIJMX VYPIW ERH STXMSRW ETTP] XS E
LYWFERH [LS
W IPMKMFPI JSV VIXMVIQIRX FIRIJMXW SR FSXL LMW
S[R ERH LMW [MJI
W [SVO VIGSVH
=SYV LYWFERH QE] UYEPMJ] JSV FIRIJMXW SR ]SYV [SVO
VIGSVH EX ER] EKI MJ LI MW GEVMRK JSV ]SYV GLMPH [LS MW YRHIV
EKI SV HMWEFPIH ERH IRXMXPIH XS FIRIJMXW ;LIR ]SY VIXMVI
]SYV GLMPHVIR GER UYEPMJ] JSV FIRIJMXW SR ]SYV VIGSVH MJ XLI]
QIIX XLI WEQI GSRHMXMSRW EW MJ ]SY [IVI HMWEFPIH WII
4EKI -X
W IEW] XS PIEVR [LIXLIV ]SY
VI IPMKMFPI XS VIGIMZI
7SGMEP 7IGYVMX] ERH XLI EQSYRX SJ QSRXLP] FIRIJMXW ]SY
QE] KIX .YWX GEPP 7SGMEP 7IGYVMX]
W XSPPJVII RYQFIV
rrr ER]XMQI XS EWO JSV E JSVQ 77%
6IUYIWX JSV E 7SGMEP 7IGYVMX] 7XEXIQIRX =SY GER I\TIGX
XS VIGIMZI ]SYV 7XEXIQIRX [MXLMR JSYV XS WM\ [IIOW EJXIV
7SGMEP 7IGYVMX] VIGIMZIW ]SYV GSQTPIXIH VIUYIWX =SY EPWS
GER VIUYIWX XLI JSVQ F] GSRXEGXMRK XLMW -RXIVRIX EHHVIWW
[[[WSGMEPWIGYVMX]KSZ =SY QE] [ERX XS GEPP XLI XSPPJVII
RYQFIV HYVMRK FYWMRIWW LSYVW EQ XS TQ SV ZMWMX
]SYV PSGEP 7SGMEP 7IGYVMX] SJJMGI XS HMWGYWW ]SYV FIRIJMX IPM
KMFMPMX] SR ]SYV VIGSVH SV ]SYV WTSYWI
W VIGSVH
%KI 8S 6IGIMZI *YPP 7SGMEP 7IGYVMX] &IRIJMXW
=IEV SJ &MVXL
*YPP 6IXMVIQIRX %KI
SV IEVPMIV
ERH QSRXLW
ERH QSRXLW
ERH QSRXLW
ERH QSRXLW
ERH QSRXLW
ERH QSRXLW
ERH QSRXLW
ERH QSRXLW
ERH QSRXLW
ERH QSRXLW
ERH PEXIV
=SY
PP LEZI 1IHMGEVI GSZIVEKI MR EHHMXMSR XS 7SGMEP
7IGYVMX] FIRIJMXW -J ]SY
VI IPMKMFPI JSV FIRIJMXWВ‹IMXLIV SR
]SYV S[R VIGSVH SV SR ]SYV LYWFERH
W VIGSVHВ‹]SY [MPP
LEZI 1IHMGEVI LSWTMXEP MRWYVERGI 4EVX % TVSXIGXMSR
EYXSQEXMGEPP] EX EKI -J ]SY
VI RSX IPMKMFPI JSV FIRIJMXW
ERH ]SY HSR
X LEZI IRSYKL GVIHMXW ]SY GER TE] E QSRXLP]
TVIQMYQ XS FY] LSWTMXEP MRWYVERGI GSZIVEKI ERH 1IHMGEVI
QIHMGEP MRWYVERGI 4EVX &
4EVX В‹-J =SY
ZI 2IZIV &IIR )QTPS]IH
=SY QE] FI IPMKMFPI JSV WTSYWI
W FIRIJMXW MJ ]SY EVI
QEVVMIH -J ]SY QEOI ]SYV LSQI ERH JEQMP] ]SYV GEVIIV ]SY
ERH ]SYV JEQMP] LEZI 7SGMEP 7IGYVMX] TVSXIGXMSR XLVSYKL
]SYV LYWFERH
W [SVO =SY GER VIGIMZI FIRIJMXW [LIR LI
VIXMVIW FIGSQIW HMWEFPIH SV HMIW
=SY GER VIGIMZI FIRIJMXW MJ ]SY EVI GEVMRK JSV E GLMPH [LS
MW YRHIV EKI SV HMWEFPIH ERH IRXMXPIH XS FIRIJMXW -J ]SY
HSR
X LEZI E GLMPH MR ]SYV GEVI ]SY QYWX FI EKI SV SPHIV
XS KIX FIRIJMXW [LIR ]SYV LYWFERH FIGSQIW HMWEFPIH SV
VIXMVIW
-J ]SY GLSSWI XS FIKMR VIGIMZMRK VIXMVIQIRX FIRIJMXW
FIJSVI JYPP VIXMVIQIRX EKI ]SYV FIRIJMX EQSYRX [MPP FI TIV
QERIRXP] VIHYGIH -J ]SY [EMX YRXMP ]SY
VI EX JYPP VIXMVIQIRX
EKI ]SY
PP KIX XLI JYPP [MJI
W FIRIJMXW [LMGL MW TIVGIRX SJ
XLI EQSYRX ]SYV LYWFERH MW IRXMXPIH XS EX JYPP VIXMVIQIRX
EKI 8LI EKI EX [LMGL JYPP FIRIJMXW EVI TE]EFPI [MPP MRGVIEWI
MR XLI JYXYVI 7II GLEVX 4EKI =SY ERH ]SYV LYWFERH [MPP LEZI 1IHMGEVI LSWTMXEP MRWYV
ERGI EX EKI MJ LI [MPP FI IPMKMFPI JSV QSRXLP] FIRIJMXW ERH
]SY FSXL GER WMKR YT JSV QIHMGEP MRWYVERGI =SY [MPP LEZI
1IHMGEVI EX EKI IZIR MJ ]SYV LYWFERH MW ]SYRKIV XLER ]SY
ERH WXMPP [SVOMRK TVSZMHIH LI MW EX PIEWX EKI ERH [MPP FI
IPMKMFPI JSV FIRIJMXW [LIR LI VIXMVIW =SY GER JMPI ER ETTPMGE
XMSR JSV LSWTMXEP MRWYVERGI E JI[ QSRXLW FIJSVI ]SY VIEGL
EKI ;LMPI ]SYV LYWFERH MW [SVOMRK LI IEVRW GVIHMXW XS[EVH
1IHMGEVI TVSXIGXMSR JSV ]SYV JEQMP] MR XLI IZIRX ER] SJ ]SY
IZIV RIIH HMEP]WMW XVIEXQIRX SV E OMHRI] XVERWTPERX JSV TIV
QERIRX OMHRI] JEMPYVI %PWS MJ LI FIGSQIW HMWEFPIH ERH MW
IRXMXPIH XS FIRIJMXW JSV QSRXLW LI [SYPH LEZI 1IHMGEVI
TVSXIGXMSR
4EVX В‹;LIR =SY ,EZI -RGSQI
*VSQ % +SZIVRQIRX 4IRWMSR
-J ]SY
VI KIXXMRK FSXL 7SGMEP 7IGYVMX] FIRIJMXW ERH E
KSZIVRQIRX TIRWMSR ]SYV 7SGMEP 7IGYVMX] FIRIJMXW QE] FI
VIHYGIH 8[S TVSZMWMSRW SJ XLI PE[ EJJIGX XLI EQSYRX SJ
FIRIJMXW TEMH XS WSQISRI [LS EPWS VIGIMZIW E TIRWMSR JSV
[SVO XLEX [EW RSX GSZIVIH F] 7SGMEP 7IGYVMX]
3RI TVSZMWMSR GEPPIH KSZIVRQIRX TIRWMSR SJJWIX ETTPMIW
SRP] MJ ]SY VIGIMZI E TIRWMSR EW E VIXMVIH KSZIVRQIRX [SVOIV
JSV [SVO RSX GSZIVIH F] 7SGMEP 7IGYVMX] ERH ]SY EPWS EVI
IPMKMFPI JSV 7SGMEP 7IGYVMX] FIRIJMXW EW E WTSYWI SV [MHS[
8LI SJJWIX QE] VIHYGI ]SYV WTSYWI
W SV [MHS[
W FIRIJMX F]
X[SXLMVHW SJ XLI EQSYRX SJ ]SYV KSZIVRQIRX TIRWMSR *SV
I\EQTPI MJ ]SY KIX E QSRXLP] GMZMP WIVZMGI TIRWMSR SJ X[SXLMVHW SJ MXВ‹ В‹QYWX FI YWIH XS SJJWIX ]SYV 7SGMEP
7IGYVMX] WTSYWI
W SV [MHS[
W FIRIJMXW 7S MJ ]SY
VI IPMKMFPI
JSV E [MHS[
W FIRIJMX ]SY
PP VIGIMZI TIV QSRXL
JVSQ 7SGMEP 7IGYVMX] PIWW ! ;L] E TIRWMSR SJJWIX# 7SGMEP 7IGYVMX] WTSYWI
W FIRIJMXW
EVI MRXIRHIH JSV E RSR[SVOMRK HITIRHIRX WTSYWI 8LI] EVI
RSX MRXIRHIH JSV E WTSYWI [LS LEW E WYFWXERXMEP TIRWMSR
FEWIH SR LIVLMW S[R [SVO XLEX MW RSX GSZIVIH F] 7SGMEP
7IGYVMX]
8LIVI EVI I\GITXMSRW XS XLI TVIWIRX VYPI 8S PIEVR EFSYX
XLSWI I\GITXMSRW ERH SXLIV MRJSVQEXMSR SR XLI TIRWMSR
SJJWIX GEPP SV ZMWMX 7SGMEP 7IGYVMX] XS EWO JSV XLI JEGXWLIIX
+SZIVRQIRX 4IRWMSR 3JJWIX 4YFPMGEXMSR 2S 8LI SXLIV TVSZMWMSR GEPPIH [MRHJEPP IPMQMREXMSR ETTPMIW
MJ ]SY VIGIMZI E TIRWMSR JSV [SVO RSX GSZIVIH F] 7SGMEP
7IGYVMX] ERH ]SY EPWS LEZI IRSYKL 7SGMEP 7IGYVMX] [SVO
GVIHMXW XS KIX E VIXMVIH[SVOIV SV HMWEFMPMX] FIRIJMX -R XLMW
GEWI E WTIGMEP JSVQYPE MW YWIH XS JMKYVI ]SYV 7SGMEP 7IGYVMX]
FIRIJMX
&IRIJMXW YRHIV XLI WTIGMEP JSVQYPE EVI PS[IV XLER YRHIV
XLI VIKYPEV JSVQYPE ,IVI
W [L] &IJSVI FIRIJMXW JSV
IQTPS]IIW [LS LEH WSQI [SVO MR NSFW RSX GSZIVIH F] 7SGMEP
7IGYVMX] [IVI GSQTYXIH EW MJ XLI] [IVI PSRKXIVQ
PS[[EKI [SVOIVW &IGEYWI XLI VIKYPEV JSVQYPE KMZIW
PS[IVTEMH [SVOIVW E LMKLIV TIVGIRXEKI VIXYVR XLER
LMKLIVTEMH TISTPI HYEPP] IRXMXPIH FIRIJMGMEVMIW VIGIMZIH
XLI EHZERXEKI SJ XLI LMKLIV 7SGMEP 7IGYVMX] FIRIJMXW MR
EHHMXMSR XS XLIMV SXLIV TIRWMSR 8LI QSHMJMIH JSVQYPE
IPMQMREXIW XLMW l[MRHJEPPz
*SV QSVI MRJSVQEXMSR EFSYX XLI [MRHJEPP IPMQMREXMSR
TVSZMWMSR GSRXEGX 7SGMEP 7IGYVMX] XS EWO JSV XLI JEGXWLIIX
8LI ;MRHJEPP )PMQMREXMSR 4VSZMWMSR 4YFPMGEXMSR 2S
4EVX В‹;LIR =SYV 1EVMXEP
7XEXYW 'LERKIW
-J ]SYV LYWFERH HMIW ]SY GER VIGIMZI [MHS[
W FIRIJMXW MJ ]SY
EVI EKI SV SPHIV -J ]SY
VI HMWEFPIH ]SY GER KIX [MHS[
W
FIRIJMXW EW IEVP] EW EKI 8LI EQSYRX SJ ]SYV QSRXLP] TE]QIRX [MPP HITIRH SR
]SYV EKI [LIR ]SY WXEVX KIXXMRK FIRIJMXW -X EPWS [MPP HITIRH
SR XLI EQSYRX ]SYV HIGIEWIH LYWFERH [SYPH LEZI FIIR
IRXMXPIH XS SV [EW VIGIMZMRK [LIR LI HMIH
;MHS[
W FIRIJMXW VERKI JVSQ ВЎ TIVGIRX SJ XLI HIGIEWIH
LYWFERH
W FIRIJMX EQSYRX MJ XLI] FIKMR EX EKI ERH XS TIVGIRX MJ XLI] FIKMR EX JYPP VIXMVIQIRX EKI 7S MJ ]SY WXEVX
VIGIMZMRK FIRIJMXW EX JYPP VIXMVIQIRX EKI ]SY
PP KIX TIVGIRX SJ XLI EQSYRX ]SYV LYWFERH [SYPH FI VIGIMZMRK MJ
LI [IVI WXMPP EPMZI 7XEVXMRK MR XLI EKI EX [LMGL XLI
TIVGIRX [MHS[
W FIRIJMX MW TE]EFPI [MPP FI MRGVIEWIH
KVEHYEPP] YRXMP MX VIEGLIW EKI MR ERH EKI MR
-J ]SY EVI E HMWEFPIH [MHS[ FIX[IIR XLI EKIW SJ ERH
]SYV QSRXLP] FIRIJMX [SYPH FI ВЎ TIVGIRX SJ ]SYV
HIGIEWIH LYWFERH
W FIRIJMX EQSYRX
8LI JSPPS[MRK EVI WSQI TSMRXW XS VIQIQFIV
w -J ]SY EVI IRXMXPIH XS VIXMVIQIRX FIRIJMXW SR ]SYV S[R
[SVO VIGSVH ]SY GER XEOI VIHYGIH VIXMVIQIRX TE]QIRXW
EX EKI ERH XLIR VIGIMZI XLI YRVIHYGIH [MHS[
W FIRIJMX
EX JYPP VIXMVIQIRX EKI
w -J ]SY EVI IPMKMFPI JSV FIRIJMXW SR ]SYV S[R [SVO VIGSVH
]SY QE] [ERX XS XEOI VIHYGIH [MHS[
W FIRIJMXW YRXMP ]SY
VIEGL JYPP VIXMVIQIRX EKI ERH JMPI E GPEMQ JSV VIXMVIQIRX
FIRIJMXW SR ]SYV S[R VIGSVH
w -J ]SY HIPE] ]SYV VIXMVIQIRX FI]SRH ]SYV JYPP VIXMVIQIRX
EKI ]SYV JYXYVI FIRIJMXW [MPP MRGVIEWI IEGL ]IEV F] E
GIVXEMR TIVGIRXEKI *SV I\EQTPI MJ ]SY [IVI FSVR MR
]SYV FIRIJMX [MPP MRGVIEWI WIZIR TIVGIRX IEGL ]IEV
]SY HIPE] VIXMVIQIRX FIX[IIR EKIW ERH QSRXLW
ERH % 7SGMEP 7IGYVMX] VITVIWIRXEXMZI GER XIPP ]SY [LMGL
GLSMGI [SYPH FI XS ]SYV EHZERXEKI
%W E [MHS[ ]SY EPWS QE] FI IPMKMFPI JSV 1IHMGEVI =SY
[MPP FI IPMKMFPI JSV 1IHMGEVI EX EKI MJ ]SYV LYWFERH [SYPH
LEZI FIIR IRXMXPIH XS QSRXLP] FIRIJMXW SV LEH [SVOIH PSRK
IRSYKL YRHIV 7SGMEP 7IGYVMX] FIJSVI LMW HIEXL =SY WLSYPH
ETTP] JSV 1IHMGEVI EFSYX XLVII QSRXLW FIJSVI ]SY VIEGL
EKI -J ]SY VIQEVV] FIJSVI VIEGLMRK EKI ]SY GERRSX
VIGIMZI [MHS[
W FIRIJMXW EW PSRK EW XLEX QEVVMEKI VIQEMRW
MR IJJIGX
-J ]SY VIQEVV] EJXIV ]SY VIEGL EKI ]SY [MPP GSRXMRYI
XS VIGIMZI FIRIJMXW SR ]SYV HIGIEWIH LYWFERH
W 7SGMEP
7IGYVMX] VIGSVH ,S[IZIV MJ ]SYV GYVVIRX LYWFERH MW E
7SGMEP 7IGYVMX] FIRIJMGMEV] ]SY QE] [ERX XS ETTP] JSV E
[MJI
W FIRIJMX SR LMW VIGSVH MJ MX [SYPH FI PEVKIV XLER ]SYV
[MHS[
W FIRIJMX =SY GERRSX KIX FSXL
-J ]SY EVI E [MHS[ [MXL GLMPHVIR ]SY QE] FI IPMKMFPI JSV
E [MHS[
W FIRIJMX EX ER] EKI [LIR ]SY EVI GEVMRK JSV E GLMPH
[LS MW YRHIV EKI SV HMWEFPIH ERH IRXMXPIH XS FIRIJMXW
9RQEVVMIH GLMPHVIR QE] VIGIMZI WYVZMZSVW FIRIJMXW SR ]SYV
LYWFERH
W VIGSVH YRXMP XLI] EVI EKI SV YRXMP EKI MJ XLI]
EVI EXXIRHMRK IPIQIRXEV] SV WIGSRHEV] WGLSSP JYPP XMQI
=SYV FIRIJMXW [MPP WXST [LIR ]SY RS PSRKIV LEZI E GLMPH
YRHIV EKI SV HMWEFPIH MR ]SYV GEVI 9WYEPP] ]SYV FIRIJMXW
EPWS [MPP WXST MJ ]SY VIQEVV] FYX XLIVI EVI WSQI I\GITXMSRW
XS XLMW VYPI WII TVIZMSYW TEKI &IRIJMXW XS ]SYV GLMPHVIR
[MPP GSRXMRYI EW PSRK EW XLI] VIQEMR IPMKMFPI JSV TE]QIRXW
IZIR MJ ]SY VIQEVV]
-J ]SY EVI EKI SV SPHIV ERH KIXXMRK 7SGMEP 7IGYVMX]
FIRIJMXW FIGEYWI ]SY LEZI ]SYRK GLMPHVIR MR ]SYV GEVI ]SY
EVI IPMKMFPI JSV 1IHMGEVI MJ ]SY FIGSQI HMWEFPIH )ZIR
XLSYKL ]SY LEZIR
X ETTPMIH JSV FIRIJMXW FEWIH SR XLI
HMWEFMPMX] FIGEYWI ]SY EVI EPVIEH] VIGIMZMRK FIRIJMXW EW E
QSXLIV ]SY QE] FI IPMKMFPI JSV 1IHMGEVI MJ ]SY LEZI FIIR
HMWEFPIH JSV QSRXLW SV PSRKIV
-J =SY %VI (MZSVGIH
=SY GER VIGIMZI FIRIJMXW SR ]SYV I\LYWFERH
W 7SGMEP
7IGYVMX] VIGSVH MJ LI MW VIGIMZMRK 7SGMEP 7IGYVMX] FIRIJMXW SV
MW HIGIEWIH ERH
w ]SYV QEVVMEKI PEWXIH ]IEVW SV PSRKIV
w ]SY EVI TVIWIRXP] YRQEVVMIH
w ]SY EVI EKI SV SPHIV MJ LI MW HIGIEWIH ]SY GER GSPPIGX
FIRIJMXW EX EKI SV EKI MJ ]SY FIGSQI HMWEFPIH ERH
w ]SY EVI RSX IRXMXPIH XS ER MRGVIEWIH FIRIJMX SR ]SYV S[R
VIGSVH [LMGL I\GIIHW SRILEPJ SJ ]SYV I\LYWFERH
W
YRVIHYGIH FIRIJMXW
-J ]SYV I\LYWFERH LEW RSX ETTPMIH JSV FIRIJMXW FYX GER
UYEPMJ] JSV XLIQ ERH MW EKI SV SPHIV ]SY GER VIGIMZI
FIRIJMXW SR LMW VIGSVH MJ ]SY LEZI FIIR HMZSVGIH JVSQ LMQ
JSV EX PIEWX X[S ]IEVW ERH QIIX XLI VIUYMVIQIRXW PMWXIH
EFSZI
-J ]SYV I\LYWFERH MW HIGIEWIH ]SY GER VIGIMZI FIRIJMXW
SR LMW VIGSVH IZIR XLSYKL ]SY [IVI RSX QEVVMIH XS LMQ JSV
]IEVW В‹
w MJ ]SY EVI GEVMRK JSV LMW GLMPH [LS EPWS MW ]SYV REXYVEP SV
PIKEPP] EHSTXIH GLMPH ERH MW YRHIV EKI SV HMWEFPIH
w ]SY EVI YRQEVVMIH ERH
w ]SY EVI RSX IRXMXPIH XS ER IUYEP SV LMKLIV EQSYRX SR
]SYV S[R VIGSVH
=SYV FIRIJMXW [MPP GSRXMRYI YRXMP XLI GLMPH VIEGLIW EKI SV XLI GLMPH
W HMWEFMPMX] GIEWIW
8LI EQSYRX SJ FIRIJMXW ]SY VIGIMZI EW E HMZSVGIH WTSYWI
HSIW RSX EJJIGX XLI EQSYRX SJ FIRIJMXW ERSXLIV WTSYWI
VIGIMZIW SR ]SYV I\LYWFERH
W VIGSVH
1ER] [SQIR KIX E LMKLIV FIRIJMX FEWIH SR XLIMV
I\LYWFERH
W [SVO VIGSVH XLER XLI] KIX SR XLIMV S[R
VIGSVH IWTIGMEPP] MJ LI MW HIGIEWIH -J ]SY
ZI RIZIV EWOIH
7SGMEP 7IGYVMX] EFSYX VIGIMZMRK FIRIJMXW SR ]SYV
I\LYWFERH
W VIGSVH ]SY WLSYPH HS WS ;LIR ]SY ETTP]
]SY
PP RIIH XS KMZI LMW 7SGMEP 7IGYVMX] RYQFIV -J ]SY HSR
X
ORS[ LMW RYQFIV ]SY
PP RIIH XS TVSZMHI LMW HEXI ERH TPEGI
SJ FMVXL ERH LMW TEVIRXW
REQIW
2SXI 8LI WEQI GSRHMXMSRW ETTP] XS E HMZSVGIH
LYWFERH [LSWI IPMKMFMPMX] JSV FIRIJMXW MW FEWIH SR LMW
I\[MJI
W 7SGMEP 7IGYVMX] VIGSVH
4EVX В‹=SY %PWS 2IIH 8S /RS[
1EOI WYVI XLEX ]SYV 7SGMEP 7IGYVMX] VIGSVH WLS[W ]SYV
GSVVIGX REQI 8LMW MW IWTIGMEPP] MQTSVXERX MJ ]SY EVI
IQTPS]IH FIGEYWI ]SYV IQTPS]IV VITSVXW ]SYV IEVRMRKW
YRHIV XLI REQI ]SY WYTTP]
;LIRIZIV ]SY GLERKI XLI REQI ]SY YWI MR IQTPS]
QIRXВ‹[LIXLIV FIGEYWI SJ QEVVMEKI HMZSVGI SV SXLIV
VIEWSRWВ‹FI WYVI XS VITSVX XLI GLERKI XS 7SGMEP 7IGYVMX]
3XLIV[MWI ]SYV IEVRMRKW QE] RSX FI VIGSVHIH TVSTIVP] ERH
]SY QE] RSX VIGIMZI EPP XLI 7SGMEP 7IGYVMX] GVIHMX HYI ]SY
JSV ]SYV [SVO
)ZIR MJ ]SY HSR
X [SVO ]SY WLSYPH VITSVX ER] REQI
GLERKI WS XLEX ]SYV VIGSVH [MPP WLS[ XLI GSVVIGX REQI
[LIR ]SY ETTP] JSV FIRIJMXW
8S VITSVX E REQI GLERKI JMPP SYX ER %TTPMGEXMSR *SV %
7SGMEP 7IGYVMX] 2YQFIV 'EVH *SVQ 77 =SY [MPP LEZI XS
WLS[ TVSSJ SJ MHIRXMX] YRHIV FSXL ]SYV SPH REQI ERH ]SYV
RI[ REQI -J ]SY [IVI FSVR SYXWMHI XLI 9RMXIH 7XEXIW ]SY
EPWS QE] RIIH XS WLS[ IZMHIRGI SJ 97 GMXM^IRWLMT SV PE[JYP
EPMIR WXEXYW =SY GER KIX XLI JSVQ JVSQ ER] 7SGMEP 7IGYVMX]
SJJMGI SV F] GEPPMRK 7SGMEP 7IGYVMX]
W XSPPJVII RYQFIV
rrr ER]XMQI
-J ]SY LMVI E LSYWILSPH [SVOIV ]SY
VI VIWTSRWMFPI JSV
WIIMRK XLEX [EKIW ]SY TE] LMQ SV LIV EVI VITSVXIH TVSTIVP]
=SY QYWX HIHYGX 7SGMEP 7IGYVMX] XE\IW JVSQ XLI [EKIW MJ ]SY
TE] XLI TIVWSR SV QSVI HYVMRK XLI ]IEV 8LI EQSYRX
MW MRHI\IH JSV MRJPEXMSR ERH GSYPH VMWI MR JYXYVI ]IEVW =SY
QYWX TE] ER IUYEP EQSYRX SJ XE\ FIGEYWI ]SY EVI XLI
IQTPS]IV ERH WIRH XLI GSQFMRIH XE\IW XS XLI -RXIVREP
6IZIRYI 7IVZMGI =SY GER VITSVX XLI IEVRMRKW ERH TE] XLI
XE\IW [LIR ]SY JMPI ]SYV JIHIVEP MRGSQI XE\ VIXYVR
*SV QSVI MRJSVQEXMSR EFSYX LSYWILSPH IQTPS]IIW EWO
JSV E GST] SJ XLI JEGXWLIIX ,SYWILSPH ;SVOIVW 4YFPMGEXMSR
2S EX ER] 7SGMEP 7IGYVMX] SJJMGI SV GEPP SYV
XSPPJVII RYQFIV 8LI JEGXWLIIX EPWS MW SR XLI -RXIVRIX EX
[[[WSGMEPWIGYVMX]KSZ
-J ]SY EVI SV SPHIV SV FPMRH SV HMWEFPIH ERH ]SYV
MRGSQI ERH XLI ZEPYI SJ XLI XLMRKW ]SY S[R EVI FIPS[
GIVXEMR PMQMXW ]SY QE] FI IPMKMFPI XS VIGIMZI QSRXLP]
TE]QIRXW YRHIV XLI 7YTTPIQIRXEP 7IGYVMX] -RGSQI 77-
TVSKVEQ +IRIVEPP] XS VIGIMZI 77- ]SY QYWX FI PMZMRK MR XLI
97 SV XLI 2SVXLIVR 1EVMERE -WPERHW ERH FI E 97 GMXM^IR
'IVXEMR RSRGMXM^IRW EPWS QE] FI IPMKMFPI 8S PIEVR QSVI
EFSYX 77- EWO JSV E GST] SJ 7YTTPIQIRXEP 7IGYVMX] -RGSQI
4YFPMGEXMSR 2S EX ER] 7SGMEP 7IGYVMX] SJJMGI GEPP
SYV XSPPJVII RYQFIV SV ZMI[ XLI JEGXWLIIX EX [[[WSGMEPWI
GYVMX]KSZ
4EVX В‹;LIR =SY 2IIH 1SVI
-RJSVQEXMSR %FSYX 7SGMEP 7IGYVMX]
:MWMX SYV [IFWMXI
3YV [IFWMXI [[[WSGMEPWIGYVMX]KSZ MW E ZEPYEFPI
VIWSYVGI JSV MRJSVQEXMSR EFSYX EPP SJ 7SGMEP 7IGYVMX]
W
TVSKVEQW %X SYV [IFWMXI ]SY EPWS GER
w %TTP] JSV FIRIJMXW ERH
w +IX JSVQW XS VIUYIWX MQTSVXERX HSGYQIRXW WYGL EW E
7SGMEP 7IGYVMX] 7XEXIQIRX E VITPEGIQIRX 7SGMEP 7IGYVMX]
SV 1IHMGEVI GEVH SV E PIXXIV XS GSRJMVQ ]SYV FIRIJMX
EQSYRX
*SV QSVI MRJSVQEXMSR
-R EHHMXMSR XS YWMRK SYV [IFWMXI ]SY EPWS GER GEPP XSPPJVII
EX ;I GER ERW[IV WTIGMJMG UYIWXMSRW
JVSQ EQ YRXMP TQ SR FYWMRIWW HE]W ERH TVSZMHI
MRJSVQEXMSR F] EYXSQEXIH TLSRI WIVZMGI LSYVW E HE]
3YV PMRIW EVI FYWMIWX IEVP] MR XLI [IIO ERH IEVP] MR XLI
QSRXL WS MJ ]SYV FYWMRIWW GER [EMX MX
W FIWX XS GEPP EX SXLIV
XMQIW -J ]SY EVI HIEJ SV LEVH SJ LIEVMRK ]SY QE] GEPP SYV
88= RYQFIV FIX[IIR EQ ERH TQ
SR FYWMRIWW HE]W
;I XVIEX EPP GEPPW GSRJMHIRXMEPP] ;I EPWS [ERX XS QEOI
WYVI ]SY VIGIMZI EGGYVEXI ERH GSYVXISYW WIVZMGI 8LEX MW [L]
[I LEZI E WIGSRH 7SGMEP 7IGYVMX] VITVIWIRXEXMZI QSRMXSV
WSQI MRGSQMRK ERH SYXKSMRK XIPITLSRI GEPPW
:MWMX SRI SJ SYV SJJMGIW
8S KIX XLI EHHVIWW SJ ]SYV PSGEP 7SGMEP 7IGYVMX] SJJMGI ZMWMX
[[[WSGMEPWIGYVMX]KSZ SR XLI -RXIVRIX SV GEPP
4EVX В‹=SYV 4IVWSREP -RJSVQEXMSR
-W 7EJI ;MXL 7SGMEP 7IGYVMX]
7SGMEP 7IGYVMX] OIITW TIVWSREP MRJSVQEXMSR SR QMPPMSRW SJ
TISTPI 8LEX MRJSVQEXMSRВ‹WYGL EW ]SYV 7SGMEP 7IGYVMX]
RYQFIV IEVRMRKW VIGSVH EKI ERH EHHVIWWВ‹MW TIVWSREP ERH
GSRJMHIRXMEP +IRIVEPP] [I [MPP HMWGYWW XLMW MRJSVQEXMSR
SRP] [MXL ]SY ;LIR ]SY GEPP [I
PP EWO ]SY WIZIVEP UYIW
XMSRW XS LIPT YW ZIVMJ] ]SYV TIVWSREP MHIRXMX] ;I RIIH ]SYV
TIVQMWWMSR MJ ]SY [ERX WSQISRI IPWI XS LIPT [MXL ]SYV
7SGMEP 7IGYVMX] FYWMRIWW
-J ]SY EWO E JVMIRH SV JEQMP] QIQFIV XS GEPP 7SGMEP
7IGYVMX] ]SY RIIH XS FI [MXL XLIQ [LIR XLI] GEPP WS [I [MPP
ORS[ XLEX ]SY [ERX XLIQ XS LIPT 8LI 7SGMEP 7IGYVMX]
VITVIWIRXEXMZI [MPP EWO ]SYV TIVQMWWMSR XS HMWGYWW ]SYV
7SGMEP 7IGYVMX] FYWMRIWW [MXL XLEX TIVWSR
-J ]SY WIRH E JVMIRH SV JEQMP] QIQFIV XS SYV PSGEP SJJMGI
XS GSRHYGX ]SYV 7SGMEP 7IGYVMX] FYWMRIWW WIRH ]SYV [VMXXIR
GSRWIRX [MXL XLIQ 3RP] [MXL ]SYV [VMXXIR TIVQMWWMSR GER
7SGMEP 7IGYVMX] HMWGYWW ]SYV TIVWSREP MRJSVQEXMSR [MXL
XLIQ ERH TVSZMHI XLI ERW[IVW XS ]SYV UYIWXMSRW
-R XLI GEWI SJ E QMRSV GLMPH XLI REXYVEP TEVIRX SV PIKEP
KYEVHMER GER EGX SR XLI GLMPH
W FILEPJ MR XEOMRK GEVI SJ XLI
GLMPH
W 7SGMEP 7IGYVMX] FYWMRIWW
;I YVKI ]SY XS FI GEVIJYP [MXL ]SYV 7SGMEP 7IGYVMX]
RYQFIV ERH XS TVSXIGX MXW GSRJMHIRXMEPMX] [LIRIZIV TSWWMFPI
%PXLSYKL [I GER
X TVIZIRX SXLIVW JVSQ EWOMRK JSV ]SYV
7SGMEP 7IGYVMX] RYQFIV ]SY WLSYPH ORS[ XLEX ]SYV 7SGMEP
7IGYVMX] VIGSVHW EVI OITX TVMZEXI
8LIVI EVI XMQIW [LIR XLI PE[ VIUYMVIW 7SGMEP 7IGYVMX] XS
KMZI MRJSVQEXMSR XS SXLIV KSZIVRQIRX EKIRGMIW XS GSRHYGX
SXLIV KSZIVRQIRX LIEPXL SV [IPJEVI TVSKVEQWВ‹ WYGL EW
8IQTSVEV] %WWMWXERGI XS 2IIH] *EQMPMIW 1IHMGEMH ERH JSSH
WXEQTW 4VSKVEQW VIGIMZMRK MRJSVQEXMSR JVSQ 7SGMEP
7IGYVMX] EVI TVSLMFMXIH JVSQ WLEVMRK XLEX MRJSVQEXMSR
238)7
7SGMEP 7IGYVMX] %HQMRMWXVEXMSR
77% 4YFPMGEXMSR 2S %TVMP 6IG]GPI TVMSV IHMXMSRW
-'2 9RMX SJ -WWYIВ‹,( SRI LYRHVIH
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