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8-1.3

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
8-1.3: Summarize the history of English
settlement in New England, the MidAtlantic, and the South, with an
emphasis on South Carolina as an
example of a distinctly
South Carolina was founded as a
proprietary colony when the king (Charles
II) granted land to the eight Lords
Proprietors in payment of debt
 Ex: Pennsylvania
 The proprietors hoped to make a profit by
charging settlers a quitrent on the land.
 The proprietors commissioned John Locke
to write the Fundamental Constitutions of
Carolina

A document that included policies, such
as religious toleration design that attract
settlers
 The fundamental constitution included
provisions for establishing a social class
system based on the granting of titles to
large land holders
 Intended to make Carolina a society
based on deference to the elites

In order to encourage immigration, the
proprietors granted large tracts of land
to settlers through the headright system,
just as in VA
 The headright system led to the
establishment of large plantations based
on cash crops that made South Carolina
a distinctly southern colony
 Ex: Maryland, South Carolina, North
Carolina, and Georgia

The first SC settlers were Englishmen who
emigrated from the British colony of
Barbados and brought a well-developed
slave system with them.
 Slavery made the plantation owners very
wealthy
 Other settlers attracted to the
prosperous Carolina colony came from
France, Switzerland, Germany, Scotland
and Ireland


Assured of religious choices by the
Fundamental Constitution settlers came
from diverse religious backgrounds
Fertile land
Mild climate
Many waterways
The Lords Proprietor controlled the
government through a governor and
grand council which included,
representatives of the Proprietors the
Carolina Elite, and a smaller
representation of the common people of
the colony
 The Carolina colony had some degree
of democracy from the beginning

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