close

Enter

Log in using OpenID

255 MEHMET YAMAN DEDE HAKKA YÜRÜDÜ… Mehmet Yaman

embedDownload
MEMET YAMAN DEDE HAKKA YÜRÜDÜ
0(+0(7<$0$1'('(+$..$<h5h'h«
0HKPHW<DPDQ*UDQGSD:DONHG+DNND
$OL<$0$1
*]HO<ROXPX]XQ(UOHULQGHQ0HKPHW
<DPDQ 'HGH 2FDN JQ øVWDQEXO¶GD+DNND\UG
%HQGHEX\D\ODGDQùDK¶DJLGHULP
GL\HQ 3LULPL] 3LU 6XOWDQ $EGDO JLEL
(UHQOHULQ ø]LQGH JF \HWWL÷LQFH oDOÕúWÕ
oDEDODGÕ +ÕGÕU $EGDO 6XOWDQ 2FDN .|\¶QGHQ EDúOD\DQ \DúDP PFDGHOHVL øVWDQEXO¶GDVRQDHUGLYH\LQH2FDN¶WDHEHGL
LVWLUDKDWJkKÕQGDVÕUODQGÕ
'úNQ 2FD÷Õ GHGHOHULQGHQ +D\UL 'HGH LOH$NvOH$QD¶QÕQ oRFX÷X RODUDN
\ÕOÕQGD 2FDN .|\¶QGH GQ\D\D
JHOGL.oN\DúWDEDEDVÕ+D\UL'HGH¶\L
ND\EHWWL dRFXNOX÷XQX NDUGHúL (OLI LOH
ELUOLNWHDQQHVLYH|]HOOLNOHGHEDEDDQQHVL
)DWPD$QD¶QÕQ KLPD\HVLQGH JHoLUGL )DNLU ELU DLOHQLQ \HWLP oRFX÷X RODUDN KHS
KDNVÕ]OÕ÷D X÷UDPÕú .Õ]ÕOEDú$OHYL WRSOXPXQXQ ELU IHUGL RODUDN oRN VÕNÕQWÕODU oHNWL
(÷LWLPKD\DWÕVÕUDVÕQGD|]QKLo\LWLUPHGHQVRQQHIHVLQHNDGDUEX<ROLoLQoDEDODGÕ
GXUGX$÷ÕUKDVWDOÕ÷ÕVÕUDVÕQGDELOH$OHYL2FDNODUÕ¶QGDQ.DUD3LUEDGLOHLOJLOLELUNLWDSoÕNKD]ÕUODGÕ$QÕODUÕLOHLOJLOLNLWDEÕQHNVLNOLNOHULQLWDPDPODPD\DoDOÕúWÕ<D\ÕQODUÕ
NLWDSODUÕ79YHUDG\RSURJUDPODUÕLOH7UNL\H¶GHQ$OPDQ\D¶\D+ROODQGD¶\D$YXVWXU\D¶\DøVYLoUH¶\HøQJLOWHUH¶\H$YXVWUDO\D¶\DNDGDUKHS$OHYLOLNGDYDVÕQÕQSHúLQGH
ELU|PUJHoLUGLH÷LWLPVHPLQHUOHULFHPOHUFHPDDWOHU\UWW
0HKPHW<DPDQ'HGHH÷LWLPLQLQVDQD\DWÕUÕPÕQHQE\NKL]PHWHQE\NGH÷HU
ROGX÷XQXVDYXQGX%XQXQE|\OHROGX÷XQXNHQGL\DúDPÕQGDQELOL\RUGX2FDN.|\
'HUQH÷L¶QLQ2FDN¶OÕE\÷$EEDV(UWXUDQ¶ÕQYHHúL*OO$QD¶QÕQRQDELUEDEDELU
DQQHúHINDWL\OHNRONDQDWJHUHQoDEDODUÕ\ODH÷LWLPJ|UPúW2GDNHQGLVLQHJ|VWHUL-
$OHYLOLN%HNWDúLOLN$UDúWÕUPDODUÕ'HUJLVL Ali YAMAN
OHQEXGHVWH÷LNDUúÕOÕNVÕ]EÕUDNPDGÕYDUJF\OHRNXGXRQXGHVWHNOH\HQN|\QQ
E\NOHULQLQ\]QNDUDoÕNDUPDGÕ=DPDQÕQÕoRNL\LRNX\DQELULQVDQRODQ$EEDV
(UWXUDQRQXQ<NVHNøVODP(QVWLWV¶QHJLGHUHN$UDSoD)DUVoDYHøQJLOL]FH|÷UHQPHVLLoLQE\NoDEDKDUFDGÕ%LU\DQGDQøVWDQEXO¶GD$OHYLOL÷LVUGUPH\HoDOÕúÕUNHQGL÷HU\DQGDQ$OHYLOL÷LQH÷LWLPER\XWXQXQGD|QHPLQLNDYUDPÕúEXNRQXGDDGÕP
DWPDN JHUHNWL÷LQL J|UPúW 'DKD ¶ODUGD JHOHFHNWH$OHYL WRSOXPXQXQ H÷LWLPOLX]PDQODUDQDVÕOLKWL\DoGX\DFD÷ÕQÕNDYUDPÕúWÕøúWH0HKPHW<DPDQ'HGH¶QLQ
EX\]GHQNHQGLKLPD\HVLQGHH÷LWLPJ|UPHVLQLVD÷ODPÕúWÕ.HQGLVLQHJ|VWHULOHQEX
WHúYLNLLVHRYDUJF\OHoDOÕúDUDNJ|VWHUGL<HWLúWL÷LLQDQoYHNOWUHORUWDPD\DEDQFÕ
EXH÷LWLPRUWDPÕQGDQ\]QQDNÕ\ODoÕNPD\ÕEDúDUGÕ+HU]DPDQDQODWÕUGÕ2VÕUDGD
<NVHNøVODP(QVWLWV¶QGHELU|÷UHWLP\HVLQLQNHQGLVLQL$OHYLROGX÷XLoLQVÕQÕIWD
EÕUDNPDVՁ]HULQH2UGLQDU\XV3URIHV|U+LOPL=L\DhONHQ¶LQ\DQÕQDJLGHUHNGXUXPX
DQODWPÕúYHVHU]HQLúWHEXOXQPXúWX
dRFXNOX÷XQXJHoLUGL÷L2FDN.|\¶QGH.DEDN'HGHODNDEOÕøEUDKLP$NGD÷JLEL
E\N'HGHOHULQ]DPDQÕQD\HWLúWL2QODUÕQGL]OHULQLQGLELQGHGH\LúOHUGYD]LPDPODU
GLQOHGL'HGHXVXOED÷ODPDoDOPD\Õ|÷UHQGL$OHYLOL÷LQJHOHQHNVHOKDOLQLJ|UHELOPH
\DúD\DELOPHLPNDQÕQDNDYXúWX*HOHQHNVHO$OHYLOL÷L\DúD\DQVRQNXúDNODUGDQ$OHYLOLNOHLOJLOLELOJLOHUDOGÕ2FDN¶WD'HGHHYOHULQGH\UWOHQ&HPOHUHFHPDDWOHUHNDWÕOGÕ
3LU6XOWDQ¶ÕQùDK+DWD\L¶QLQ.XO+LPPHW¶LQGH\LúOHUL\OHE\GgPUER\XQFDGD
VD]ÕQÕHOLQGHQEÕUDNPDGÕ+DNDúÕNODUÕQÕQGH\LúOHULQLGLOLQGHQGúUPHGL6HVND\GÕ
\DSÕODQWH\SOHULONoÕNWÕ÷Õ]DPDQQH\DSÕSHGLSELUWDQHVDWÕQDOGÕYH¶OHUGHQLWLEDUHQ.DEDN'HGH*OO%LELEDúWDROPDN]HUHVHVOHULQLND\GHWWL
<ROXQD KL]PHWOHULQL |÷UHWPHQ ROGXNWDQ VRQUD GD VUGUG 6D÷6RO ROD\ODUÕQÕQ
JLGHUHN úLGGHWOHQGL÷L G|QHPOHUGH$OHYL WRSOXPXQD ELU ÕúÕN WXWPDN ]HUH NÕWNDQDDW
LPNDQODUÕ\OD*HUoHNOHU*D]HWHVL¶QL\D\ÕQODGÕ%LU\DQGDQJHoLPVÕNÕQWÕVÕ\DúDUNHQ
ELU \DQGDQ GD EX JD]HWH\L7UNL\H¶QLQ KHU \DQÕQGDQ$OHYL &DQODUD XODúWÕUPDN LoLQ
oDEDJ|VWHUGL
øVWDQEXO¶GD&XPKXUL\HWG|QHPLQGHNXUXODQYH$OHYL&DQODUÕQLONNXWVDOWRSODQPDPHNkQODUÕRODQ.DUDFD$KPHW6XOWDQ.OWUQ7DQÕWPD'D\DQÕúPDYH7UEHVLQL
2QDUPD'HUQH÷L¶QLQNXUXFXODUÕQGDQELULROPDRQXUXQX\DúDGÕ$LOHVL*|]F.DUDFD
$KPHW6XOWDQ¶ÕQVR\XQGDQ+ÕGÕU$EGDO6XOWDQ2FD÷Õ¶QÕQELUHYODGÕRODUDNEXQXQOD
KHSJXUXUGX\GX.DUDFD$KPHW6XOWDQ¶ÕQ\DúDPÕQÕDUDúWÕUPDNLoLQ¶OL\ÕOODUGD
0DQLVD$I\RQEDúWDROPDN]HUHSHNoRNúHKLUGHYHNWSKDQHOHUGHDUDúWÕUPD\DSDUDN.DUDFD$KPHW6XOWDQLOHLOJLOL7UNL\H¶GHLONNLWDEÕ\LQH.DUDFD$KPHW6XOWDQ
Forschungszeitschrift über das Alevitentum und das Bektaschitentum / 2014 / 9
MEMET YAMAN DEDE HAKKA YÜRÜDÜ
'HUQH÷L WDUDIÕQGDQ \D\ÕQODQGÕ %X NXUXP$OHYLOL÷H KL]PHW \ROXQGD KHS \]DNÕ YH
JXUXUND\QD÷ÕROGX
+D\DWÕQÕQ VRQ \ÕOODUÕQGD LVH NÕú D\ODUÕQGD øVWDQEXO¶GD \D] D\ODUÕQGD LVH +ÕGÕU
$EGDO6XOWDQ2FDN.|\¶QGHKL]PHWOHULQLVUGUG$OHYLOLNNRQXVXQGDWHOHYL]\RQ
SURJUDPODUÕ KD]ÕUODGÕ VHPLQHUOHU NXUVODU YHUGL |÷UHWLFL NLWDSODU \D\ÕQODGÕ 'HGHOHULPL]GHQ NDODQ HVNL \D]Õ 6R\ ùHFHUHOHUL %X\UXN 0HQDNÕS YH &|QN 'HIWHUOHUL¶QL
\HQL\D]Õ\DDNWDUGÕGQ\DQÕQG|UWELU\DQÕQGDQNRQXNYHDUDúWÕUPDFÕODUDJ]HO<ROXPX]XDQODWWÕh]HULQGH\ÕOODUFDoDOÕúWÕ÷ÕYHLONEDVNÕVÕ\ÕOÕQGD\DSÕODQ$/(9ø/ø.øQDQo(GHE(UNkQDGOÕNLWDEÕQÕQoRNVD\ÕGDEDVNÕODUÕ\DSÕOGÕ7UNL\H¶GHQ
$YUXSD¶\D$YXVWUDO\D¶\DNDGDU$OHYLLQDQoYHNOWUQ|÷UHWPHNLoLQoDOÕúWÕ&HP
&HQD]HKL]PHWOHULVHPLQHUOHULYHUGL&HPLEDGHWOHUL\UWW+DVWDOÕ÷ÕVÕUDVÕQGDGDKL
RNXPDNWDQ\D]PDNWDQJHULGXUPDGÕ+RUDVDQ(UHQOHULQGHQ.DUD3LUEDGYH%X\UXN
DGOÕoDOÕúPDODUÕQÕ\D\ÕQODGÕ
2QXQ ELU EDúND |]HOOL÷L LVH NLWDS VHYJLVL YH DUúLYFLOL÷L LGL<DúDPÕ ER\XQFD NLWDSODUODLoLoHROGXg÷UHQFLOL÷LQGHQLWLEDUHQRNXGX÷XNLWDSODUOD$OHYLOLNNRQXVXQGD
KDWÕUÕVD\ÕOÕUE\NONWHELULKWLVDVNLWDSOÕ÷ÕNXUGX%XNLWDSOÕ÷ÕQHQ|QHPOL|]HOOL÷L
LVH KHP NHQGL DLOHVLQH KHP GH NHQGL \|UHVLQGHNL 'HGH DLOHOHULQH DLW %X\UXN9LOD\HWQDPH +VQL\H YH &|QN GHIWHUOHULQL LoHUHQ |QHPOL ELU NROHNVL\RQX LoHUPHVL\GL
.HQGLVLQLQ¶WHøVWDQEXO¶GD\D\ÕQODGÕ÷Õ(UGHELOOLùH\K6D¿%X\UX÷XYH\ÕOÕQGD0DQQKHLP$OHYL.OWU0HUNH]LWDUDIÕQGDQ\D\ÕQODQDQ%X\UXNDGOÕoDOÕúPDODUÕ
EXHO\D]PDODUÕQGDQED]ÕODUÕ\GÕ7UNL\HYH\XUWGÕúÕQGDQoRNVD\ÕGDDUDúWÕUPDFÕEX
NLWDSOÕNWD\HUDODQHO\D]PDODUÕQGDQ\DUDUODQDUDNDNDGHPLNoDOÕúPDODUÕQGDNXOODQGÕYH
0HKPHW<DPDQ'HGH¶\L$OHYLOLNDUDúWÕUPDODUÕQÕQJHOLúPHVLLoLQKHU]DPDQVD÷ODGÕ÷Õ
NDWNÕODUQHGHQL\OHúNUDQGX\JXODUÕ\ODDQGÕODU
'HGHKD\DWÕER\XQFD$OHYLOLN<ROX¶QGDWDYL]YHUPHGHQGLPGLNGXUGX2QXWDQÕ\DPD\DQYHDQOD\DPD\DQNLPLKDPHUYDKEXQODUÕQH\D]ÕNNLELOHPHGL2DQÕODUÕQGD
EXNRQXODUÕoRNJHQLúELUúHNLOGH\D]GÕ<DNÕQ]DPDQGD0HKPHW<DPDQ'HGH¶QLQEX
DQÕODUÕ\D\ÕQODQGÕ÷ÕQGDEXJHUoHNOHUGDKDL\LDQODúÕODFDN$QÕODUÕQÕQQHNDGDU|QHPOL
ROGX÷XQXDQODPDNEDNÕPÕQGDQRQXQNHQGL\D]GÕ÷ÕúHNOL\OH|÷UHQFLLNHQ\DúDGÕ÷ÕDQÕODUÕQGDQ³*HUoHNOHU<ROXQGD'LN'XUXú´EDúOÕNOÕE|OPúXúHNLOGH\GL
*(5d(./(5<2/81'$'ø.'858ù
³«g÷UHQFLOLN\ÕOODUÕPGD$EEDV(UWXUDQ¶ÕQFHQQHWJLELEDKoHVLQGH]DPDQ]DPDQ
PXKDEEHWFHPOHULG]HQOHUGLNKHPGHDoÕNoDNRUNPDGDQJL]OHPHGHQdHYUHELQDODUÕQ6QQLKDONÕEL]LL]OHUGL
$OHYLOLN%HNWDúLOLN$UDúWÕUPDODUÕ'HUJLVL Ali YAMAN
1LoLQ NRUNDFDNWÕN"$OODK GL\RU LQDQFÕPÕ]Õ VUGU\RUGXN .LPOHU \RNWX NL DUDPÕ]GD"2\ÕOODUÕQHQLQDQoOÕ$OHYLOHULøEUDKLP$NGD÷'HGH'ÕúOÕNOÕ+DVDQ(IHQGL
$OL(NEHUdLoHN$úÕN'DYXW6XODUL$úÕN'DLPv)H\]XOODKdÕQDU$úÕN1HVLPv7XUDQ
(QJLQ6DEUL<ÕOPD]WUN$KPHWg]GHPLU*D]HWHFL$OL*QHU&HPLOH&HYKHU0HGHW
ùDKLQ'HGH1DGDU'HGHYHGL÷HUOHUL«
7RSODQWÕ JQQ EHQ D\DUOÕ\RUXP KHU WU PDVUDIÕ $EEDV 'D\ÕP VWOHQL\RUGX
.|\GHQNHQWHJ|oVUHFLQGHLON$OHYLEWQOHúPHOHULE|\OHEDúODPÕúWÕ7DQUÕ¶\DúNU
JQP]GHYDUOÕ÷ÕPÕ]DUWÕNPH\GDQDoÕNWÕ&HPHYLGHUJDKGHUQHNYDNÕIIHGHUDV\RQ
WHOHYL]\RQUDG\R\D\ÕQHYLJLELNXUXPYHNXUXOODUÕPÕ]ROXúPD\DEDúODGÕ
0D\ÕV 'HYULPL JQOHUL\GL (úL *OO $QD $EEDV 'D\Õ¶\D ³3HKOLYDQ
NRUNPX\RU PXVXQ" 6ÕNÕ\|QHWLP YDU WRSODU J|WUUOHU KHSLPL]L´ GL\RU$OHYLOLN X÷UXQGDFDQÕQÕYHUPH\HKD]ÕU$EEDV'D\ÕLVHHúLQH³1LoLQNRUNDOÕPKDQÕPVÕNÕ\|QHWLP
\HWNLOLOHULGH&HPLPL]HEX\XUVXQLoLPL]GHEXOXQVXQEL]L\DNÕQGDQJ|USWDQÕVÕQQH
GL\HFHNOHUEDNDOÕP"'LQGúPDQÕGHYOHWGúPDQÕ&XPKXUL\HWGúPDQÕPÕ\Õ]"$KODNGÕúÕELUWRSODQWÕPÕ\DSÕ\RUX]"%L]OHUFHQQHW\XUGXPX]XQEHNoLOHUL\L]´\DQÕWÕQÕ
YHUL\RUGX
hONHVLGHYOHWLYHPLOOHWLQHEWQLQVDQOÕNLGHDOOHULQH\UHNWHQED÷OÕPD\DVÕLQVDQ
VHYJLVL\OH\R÷UXOPXú+DN0XKDPPHG$OL3LU+DFÕ%HNWDú9HOL<ROX¶QDFDQGDQ
ED÷OÕ$EEDV'D\ÕPÕQEXVDPLPLGX\JXODUÕKD\DWÕPER\XQFDEDQDNÕODYX]RODFDNWÕU
'úQ\RUXPGD³$OQÕDoÕN\]DNJ|QOSDNRODQ´EL]$OHYLOHUEXJQHGHNQHGHQ
NRUNXS NDEX÷XPX]D oHNLOGLN" 'R÷DQ ELU ³*QHú´ JLEL QLoLQ ÕúÕ÷ÕPÕ]Õ \D\PÕ\RUX]
DOHPH".XWVDOLQDQFÕPÕ]GDQNOWUP]GHQVWQDKOkNYHHGHSLONHOHULPL]GHQWP
LQVDQOÕN³DOHPLQLoLQ\DUDUODQPDVÕQ"%L]$OHYLOHU\]\ÕOODUGÕUJL]OLNDOPÕúGH÷HUOLELU
KD]LQH\LLQVDQODUÕQKL]PHWLQHVXQPDNWDQLoLQJHoNDOÕ\RUX]NL«´
6HYJLOL0HKPHW<$0$1'('(UXKXQúDGROVXQ
+DNN0XKDPPHG$OLFPOHPL]L(UHQOHULQEXJ]HO<RO¶XQGDQD\ÕUPDVÕQ
*HUoHNOHU'HPLQH+
Forschungszeitschrift über das Alevitentum und das Bektaschitentum / 2014 / 9
MEMET YAMAN DEDE HAKKA YÜRÜDÜ
0HKPHW<$0$1'('(DQÕVÕQDR÷OX'Ro'U$OL<$0$1WDUDIÕQGDQKD]ÕUODQDQ
YH&DOZ$OHYLøQDQoYH.OWU0HUNH]L¶QLQNDWNÕODUÕ\OD\D\ÕQODQDQVRQNLWDEÕ.(5%(/$
$OHYLOLN%HNWDúLOLN$UDúWÕUPDODUÕ'HUJLVL MEMET YAMAN DEDE HAKKA YÜRÜDÜ
h%(5'(172''(6*(,67/,&+(10(+0(7<$0$1'('(
'Ro'U$OL<DPDQ
0HKPHW<DPDQ'HGHHLQJUR‰DUWLJHU
'LHQHUXQVHUHVIHLQHQ*ODXEHQVZHJHVLVW
DP-DQXDULQ,VWDQEXOYHUVWRUEHQ
(U YHUEUDFKWH XQG JHVWDOWHWH VHLQ /HEHQ
DXIGHQ6SXUHQGHU+HLOLJHQlKQOLFKZLH
XQVHU 0HLVWHUGLFKWHU 3LU 6XOWDQ $EGDO
GHUJHVDJWKDW
,FK ]LHKH YRQ GLHVHP :HLGHODQG
]XP.|QLJUHLFKGHV+HUUQ
'LH /HEHQVJHVFKLFKWH YRQ 0HKPHW
<DPDQ'HGHEHJDQQLQGHP'RUI+ÕGÕU
$EGDO6XOWDQ2FDN.|\XQGJLQJLQ,VWDQEXO]X(QGHXQG]ZDUZLHGHULQHLQHP
-DQXDU0RQDWLQGHPHUYHUVWDUEXQGVHLQHHZLJH5XKHIDQG
<DPDQ 'HGH NDP DOV 6RKQ GHV
*HLVWOLFKHQ+D\UL'HGHDXVGHU7UlJHUIDPLOLH'úNQXQGGHU$NvOH$QDLQGHP'RUI2FDN.|\]XU:HOW,P.LQGHVDOWHU
YHUORUHUVHLQHQ9DWHU+D\UL'HGH<DPDQ'HGHYHUEUDFKWHVHLQH.LQGKHLW]XVDPPHQ
PLWVHLQHU6FKZHVWHU(OLIEHLVHLQHU0XWWHUXQGLQVEHVRQGHUHEHLVHLQHU*R‰PXWWHU
)DWPD$QD
0HKPHW<DPDQ'HGHPX‰WHDOV.LQGHLQHUDUPHQ)DPLOLHXQGDOV0LWJOLHGHLQHU
.L]LOEDVFK$OHYL *HPHLQGH GLH VWHWV %HQDFKWHLOLJXQJHQ DXVJHVHW]W ZDU YLHO /HLG
HUWUDJHQ(UKDWVLFKELV]XVHLQHPOHW]WHQ$WHP]XJIUXQVHUHDOHYLWLVFKH6DFKHHLQJHVHW]WRKQHGLH6XEVWDQ]VHLQHUhEHU]HXJXQJ]XYHUOLHUHQ(UKDWVHOEVWLQHLQHU=HLW
DOVHUYRQVFKZHUHU.UDQNKHLWJHNHQQ]HLFKQHWZDUHLQ%FKOHLQEHU.DUD3LUEDG
HLQHDOHYLWLVFKH7UlJHUIDPLOLHIHUWLJJHVWHOOWXQGYHUVXFKWGLH/FNHQLQVHLQHQ0HPRLUHQ]XHUJlQ]HQ(UVHW]WHVLFK=HLWVHLQHV/HEHQVPLWVHLQHQ3XEOLNDWLRQHQ%FKHUQ79XQG5DGLRSURJUDPPHQLQGHU7UNHLLQ'HXWVFKODQGLQGHQ1LHGHUODQGHQ
LQgVWHUUHLFKLQGHU6FKZHL]XQGLQ(QJODQGVRZLHLQ$XVWUDOLHQIUGLHDOHYLWLVFKH
$OHYLOLN%HNWDúLOLN$UDúWÕUPDODUÕ'HUJLVL Ali YAMAN
6DFKHHLQXQGKDW]DKOUHLFKH%LOGXQJVVHPLQDUHGXUFKJHIKUWXQGDOHYLWLVFKH*RWWHVGLHQVWHJHOHLWHWXQGGHUDOHYLWLVFKHQ*HPHLQGHJHGLHQW
0HKPHW<DPDQ 'HGH KDW VWHWV GLH9RUVWHOOXQJ YHUWUHWHQ GDVV %LOGXQJ GLH EHVWH ,QYHVWLWLRQ XQG GLH K|FKVWH :HUWVFKlW]XQJ IU GHQ 0HQVFKHQ LVW (U ZX‰WH GLHV
DXFKDXVVHLQHPHLJHQHQ/HEHQ]XVFKlW]HQ(UNRQQWHVHLQHVFKXOLVFKH$XVELOGXQJ
PLWWDWNUlIWLJHU+LOIHYRQ$EEDV(UWXUDQXQGVHLQHU)UDX*OO$QD±EHLGHDXVGHP
9HUHLQGHU*HPHLQGH2FDN.|\XQGDQJHVHKHQH3HUVRQHQGHU7UlJHUIDPLOLH±IRUWVHW]HQGLHLKQZlKUHQGVHLQHU6FKXO]HLWPLWGHU/LHEHHLQHV9DWHUVXQGHLQHU0XWWHU
XQWHUVWW]WHQ(UKDWVLFKGLHVHU8QWHUVWW]XQJZUGLJHUZLHVHQXQGKDWVLFKPLWDOOHU
0DFKW GHP /HUQHQ JHZLGPHW XQG GLH 'RUIEHZRKQHU XQG VHLQH )|UGHUHU QLFKW HQWWlXVFKW$EEDV(UWXUDQGHUGHQGDPDOLJHQ=HLWJHLVWVHKUJXWYHUVWDQGHQKDWWHVHW]WH
VLFK VHKU GDIU HLQ GDVV<DPDQ 'HGH GLH +RFKVFKXOH IU ,VODP EHVXFKWH XQG GRUW
$UDELVFK3HUVLVFKXQG(QJOLVFKOHUQWH(UWXUDQVHW]WHVLFKHLQHUVHLWVGDIUHLQGDV
$OHYLWHQWXPLQ,VWDQEXOIRUW]XIKUHQDQGHUHUVHLWVKDWWHHUGLH%HGHXWXQJGHU%LOGXQJ
IU GDV$OHYLWHQWXP HUNDQQW XQG ZDU GDYRQ EHU]HXJW GDVV KLHU +DQGOXQJVEHGDUI
EHVWDQG$EEDV(UWXUDQKDWWHEHUHLWVLQGHQ
HU-DKUHYHUVWDQGHQZLHZLFKWLJGLH%LOGXQJXQGGLH)DFKOHXWHIUGLH=XNXQIWGHUDOHYLWLVFKHQ*HVHOOVFKDIWVHLQ
ZUGHQ$XVGLHVHP*UXQGHKDWHUVLFKGDIUHLQJHVHW]WGDVV0HKPHW<DPDQ'HGH
VHLQHVFKXOLVFKH/DXIEDKQXQWHUVHLQHP6FKXW]IRUWVHW]WH<DPDQ'HGHHUZLHVVLFK
GLHVHU)|UGHUXQJZUGLJLQGHPHUVHKUÀHL‰LJZDU<DPDQ'HGHKDWVLFKLQGLHVHU
VHLQHU UHOLJL|VHQ 6R]LDOLVDWLRQ XQG .XOWXU IUHPGHQ %LOGXQJVDWPRVSKlUH HUIROJUHLFK
EHZlKUW :LH HU QDFK GHP 6WXGLXP RIW EHULFKWHWH OLH‰ LKQ GDPDOV HLQ 'R]HQW GHU
+RFKVFKXOHIU,VODPVLW]HQEOHLEHQZHLOHUHLQ$OHYLWZDU'DUDXIKLQ]RJHU]XP
2UGLQDULXV3URIHVRU+LOPL=L\DhONHQGHPHUGHQ)DOOVFKLOGHUWHXQGVHLQHQ8QPXW
GDUEHUlX‰HUWH
<DPDQ'HGHYHUEUDFKWHVHLQH.LQGKHLWLQGHP'RUI2FDN.|\ZR]XGLHVHU=HLW
EHGHXWHQGH*HLVWOLFKHZLHøEUDKLP$NGD÷OHEWHQ(UK|UWHXQGOHUQWHYRQGHQ*HLVWOLFKHQUHOLJL|VH*HGLFKWHXQG/LHGHUXQGHUZDUEVLFK.HQQWQLVVHGDUEHUZLHPDQ
QDFKGHU$UWGHU*HLVWOLFKHQ'HGHGDV6DLWHQLQVWUXPHQW³ED÷ODPD´VSLHOWXQGEHVD‰
GLH0|JOLFKNHLWGDVWUDGLWLRQHOOH$OHYLWHQWXPYRU2UW]XEHREDFKWHQXQG]XHUOHEHQ
+LHUKROWHHUVLFKYRQGHQQRFKOHEHQGHQ*HQHUDWLRQHQGLHGDVWUDGLWLRQHOOH$OHYLWHQWXP SUDNWL]LHUWHQ ,QIRUPDWLRQHQ EHU GDV$OHYLWHQWXP )HUQHU QDKP HU DQ GHQ
*RWWHVGLHQVWHQWHLOGLHLQGHQ+lXVHUQGHU*HLVWOLFKHQGHU7UlJHUIDPLOLHQVWDWWIDQGHQ
Forschungszeitschrift über das Alevitentum und das Bektaschitentum / 2014 / 9
MEMET YAMAN DEDE HAKKA YÜRÜDÜ
XQGLVWLQGLHVHU=HLWPLWUHOLJL|VHQ*HGLFKWHQXQG/LHGHUQYRQ0HLVWHUGLFKWHUQZLH
3LU6XOWDQùDK+DWD\L.XO+LPPHWJUR‰JHZRUGHQ(UKDW=HLWVHLQHV/HEHQVVHLQ
6DLWHQLQVWUXPHQW6D]JHVSLHOWXQGGLHUHOLJL|VHQ*HGLFKWHXQG/LHGHUGHU9RONVVlQJHUJHVXQJHQ$OVGLHHUVWHQ.DVHWWHQUHFRUGHUDXIGHQ0DUNWNDPHQKDWHUVLFKDXI
LUJHQGHLQHU:HLVHHLQHQ.DVHWWHQUHFRUGHUJHNDXIWXQGPDFKWHDEGHU
HU-DKUH
7RQDXIQDKPHQDOOHQYRUDQYRQ.DEDN'HGH*OO%LELXQGYRQDQGHUHQ
1DFKVHLQHP/HKUDPWVWXGLXPKDWHUGHP$OHYLWHQWXPZHLWHUH'LHQVWHHUZLHVHQ
(U KDW LQ GHU =HLW DOV GLH 6WXGHQWHQXQUXKHQ ]ZLVFKHQ GHQ OLQNHQ XQG GHQ UHFKWHQ
*UXSSHQDQ,QWHQVLWlWJHZDQQHQPLWNQDSSHQ0LWWHOQGLH=HLWXQJEHUGLH:DKU
KHLW*HUoHNOHU*D]HWHVLKHUDXVJHJHEHQXPGLHDOHYLWLVFKH*ODXEHQVJHPHLQVFKDIW
DXI]XNOlUHQ7URW]VHLQHUVFKZLHULJHQZLUWVFKDIWOLFKHQ/DJHYHUVXFKWHHUGLHVH=HLWXQJLQGHUJDQ]HQ7UNHLEHLGHQDOHYLWLVFKHQ0HQVFKHQEHNDQQW]XPDFKHQ
(UKDWWHDXFKGLH(KUHHLQHUGHU%HJUQGHUGHV)|UGHUXQG6ROLGDULWlWVYHUHLQV]XU
%HNDQQWPDFKXQJGHU.XOWXUYRQ.DUDFD$KPHW6XOWDQ]XVHLQZHOFKHULQGHU=HLWGHU
5HSXEOLN7UNHLLQ,VWDQEXOJHJUQGHWZRUGHQZDUXQGDOVHLQHUGHUHUVWHQKHLOLJHQ
9HUVDPPOXQJVRUWHGHUDOHYLWLVFKHQ0HQVFKHQJDOW6HLQH)DPLOLHZDUVWHWVVHKUVWRO]
GDUDXIJHZHVHQHLQ0LWJOLHGGHU7UlJHUIDPLOLH+ÕGÕU$EGDO6XOWDQ]XVHLQZHOFKHV
DXVGHP*HVFKOHFKWYRQ.DUDFD$KPHW6XOWDQVWDPPWH0HKPHW<DPDQ'HGHIRUVFKWHLQGHQ
HU-DKUHQEHUGDV/HEHQYRQ.DUDFD$KPHWYRUQHKPOLFKLQ0DQLVD
XQG$I\RQ XQG LQ ZHLWHUHQ 6WlGWHQ XQG %LEOLRWKHNHQ XQG VHLQ %XFK ZHOFKHV GLH
HUVWH3XEOLNDWLRQEHU.DUDFD$KPHW6XOWDQLQGHU7UNHLZDUZXUGHZLHGHUXPYRP
9HUHLQ.DUDFD$KPHW6XOWDQKHUDXVJHJHEHQ$XIGLHVHQ9HUHLQGHUVWHWVJXWH'LHQVWH
IUGDV$OHYLWHQWXPOLHIHUWHVLQGZLULPPHU6WRO]JHZHVHQ
0HKPHW<DPDQ'HGHZDULQGHQOHW]WHQ-DKUHQVHLQHV/HEHQVLQGHQ:LQWHUPRQDWHQ LQ ,VWDQEXO ZHLWHUKLQ IU GDV$OHYLWHQWXP WlWLJ JHZHVHQ ZlKUHQG HU LQ GHQ
6RPPHUPRQDWHQLQGHP'RUI+ÕGÕU$EGDO6XOWDQ2FDN.|\ZLUNWH(UKDW793URJUDPPHEHUGDV$OHYLWHQWXPJHPDFKW6HPLQDUHXQG.XUVHJHJHEHQXQG/HKUEFKHU
KHUDXVJHEUDFKWXQGIHUQHUGLHLQ2VPDQLVFKHU6FKULIWYHUIDVVWHQ)DPLOLHQEFKHUVR\
VHFHUHOHUL %X\UXN $OHYLWLVFKH *HERWH XQG /HJHQGHQ XQG *HGLFKWVDPPOXQJHQ
F|QNGHIWHULLQGLHQHXHWUNLVFKH6FKULIWEHUWUDJHQXQGYLHOH*lVWHXQG)RUVFKHU
DXVGHUJDQ]HQ:HOWEHUXQVHUHQ*ODXEHQVZHJLQIRUPLHUW6HLQ%XFKPLWGHP7LWHO
³$/(9ø/ø.øQDQo(GHE(UNkQ´DQGHPHUPHKUHUH-DKUHDUEHLWHWHXQGGHVVHQHUVWH
$XÀDJHLP-DKUHHUVFKLHQZXUGHLQGHU)ROJH]HLWPHKUIDFKJHGUXFNW(UKDWVLFK
$OHYLOLN%HNWDúLOLN$UDúWÕUPDODUÕ'HUJLVL Ali YAMAN
LQGHU7UNHLLQ(XURSDXQGLQ$XVWUDOLHQGDIUHLQJHVHW]WGHQDOHYLWLVFKHQ*ODXEHQ
XQGGLHDOHYLWLVFKH.XOWXUEHNDQQW]XPDFKHQXQGOHLWHWHDOHYLWLVFKH*RWWHVGLHQVWHXQG
JDE6HPLQDUHEHUGHQDOHYLWLVFKHQ%HVWDWWXQJVULWXV(UKDWLPPHUYLHO:HUWGDUDXI
JHOHJWVLFK]XELOGHQXQG]XVFKUHLEHQVHOEVWZHQQHUNUDQNZDU(UYHU|IIHQWOLFKH
3XEOLNDWLRQHQPLWGHP7LWHO³%X\UXN´XQG³+RUDVDQ(UHQOHULQGHQ.DUD3LUEDG´
6HLQH9RUOLHEHIU%FKHUXQG$FKLYLHUXQJZDUHLQZHLWHUHV&KDUDNWHULVWLNXPYRQ
LKP=HLWVHLQHV/HEHQVEHVFKlIWLJWHHUVLFKLQWHQVLYPLW%FKHUQ'XUFKGLH/HNWUH
GLHHUEHUHLWVLQVHLQHU6FKOHU]HLWJHOHVHQXQGJHVDPPHOWKDWWHEDXWHHUVLFKHLQH
EHDFKWOLFKH)DFKELEOLRWKHNEHUGDV$OHYLWHQWXPDXI'DVEHVRQGHUHDQGLHVHU%LEOLRWKHNZDUGDVVVLHHLQHEHGHXWHQGH6DPPOXQJEHU%X\UXN$OHYLWLVFKHV*HERW
+HLOLJHQYLWD9LOD\HWQDPH'LFKWXQJHQXPGDVWUDXPDWLVFKH(UHLJQLVYRQ.HUEHOD
+VQL\HXQGKDQGVFKULIWOLFKYHUID‰WH*HGLFKWH*HEHWHXQGUHOLJL|VH+\PQHQDXV
HLQHU.ODGGHF|QNGHIWHULHQWKLHOWGLHHQWZHGHULP%HVLW]VHLQHUHLJHQHQ)DPLOLH
ZDUHQRGHUVLFKLP%HVLW]GHU)DPLOLHQGHU*HLVWOLFKHQDXVVHLQHU5HJLRQEHIDQGHQ
6HLQ LP -DKUH LQ ,VWDQEXO YHU|IIHQWOLFKHV %XFK PLW GHP7LWHO ³(UGHELOOL ùH\K
6D¿%X\UX÷X´VRZLHVHLQHYRP$OHYLWLVFKHQ.XOWXU]HQWUXP0DQQKHLPKHUDXVJHEUDFKWH$UEHLW³%X\UXN´]lKOHQ]XGLHVHQKDQGJHVFKULHEHQHQ0DQXVNULSWHQ9LHOH
)RUVFKHUDXVGHU7UNHLXQGDXVGHP$XVODQGKDEHQLP5DKPHQLKUHUDNDGHPLVFKHQ
$UEHLWHQGLHKDQGJHVFKULHEHQHQ0DQXVNULSWHDXVGLHVHU%LEOLRWKHNEHQXW]WXQGGHQ
*HLVWOLFKHQ0HKPHW<DPDQ'HGHZHJHQVHLQHUXQDXIK|UOLFKHQ%HLWUlJHGLHHUIU
GLH(QWZLFNOXQJGHV$OHYLWHQWXPVOHLVWHWHPLW'DQNEDUNHLWHUZlKQW
0HKPHW<DPDQ'HGHZDUHLQEHU]HXJWHU$OHYLWGHP.RQ]HVVLRQHQIUHPGZDUHQ 0DQFK KDOEJHELOGHWHQ .UHLVH GLH LKQ QLFKW KLQUHLFKHQG NDQQWHQ XQG QLFKW LQ
GHU/DJHZDUHQLKQ]XYHUVWHKHQKDEHQDOOGDVOHLGHUQLFKWUHDOLVLHUW(UKDWVLFK
LQVHLQHQ0HPRLUHQDXVIKUOLFKPLWGLHVHP7KHPDEHID‰W'LH:DKUKHLWEHUGLHVH
7KHPHQZLUGEHVVHUYHUVWDQGHQZHUGHQZHQQLQNU]HGDV7DJHEXFKGHV*HLVWOLFKHQ
0HKPHW<DPDQ'HGHYHU|IIHQWOLFKWZLUG8PGLH%HGHXWXQJVHLQHU(ULQQHUXQJHQ]X
YHUGHXWOLFKHQVHLDXIHLQH3DVVDJHXQWHQKLQJHZLHVHQGLHHUDOV6FKOHUXQWHUGHP
7LWHO³)U:DKUKHLWJHUDGHVWHKHQ³YHUID‰WKDW
)h5:$+5+(,7*(5$'(67(+(1
³«:lKUHQG PHLQHU 6WXGHQWHQ]HLW RUJDQLVLHUWHQ ZLU LQ GHP LG\OOLVFKHQ *DUWHQ
YRQ$EEDV(UWXUDQYRQ=HLW]X=HLWHLQJHPWOLFKHV%HLVDPPHQVHLQRKQH$QJVW]XKDEHQXQGRKQHHV]XYHUKHLPOLFKHQ'LHVXQQLWLVFKH%HY|ONHUXQJDXVGHQXPOLHJHQGHQ
Forschungszeitschrift über das Alevitentum und das Bektaschitentum / 2014 / 9
MEMET YAMAN DEDE HAKKA YÜRÜDÜ
%DXWHQVFKDXWHXQVGDEHL]X
:RYRU VROOWHQ ZLU GHQQ DXFK$QJVW KDEHQ :LU JHGHQNWHQ DQ$OODK XQG SUDNWL]LHUWHQ XQVHUHQ *ODXEHQ ZHLWHU :HU ZDU GHQQ QLFKW DOOHV GDEHL LQ GLHVHU 5XQGH"
'LHIU|PPVWHQ$OHYLWHQMHQHU=HLW]lKOWHQGD]XGHU*HLVWOLFKHøEUDKLP$NGD÷'HGH
'ÕúOÕNOÕ +DVDQ (IHQGL $OL (NEHU dLoHN $úÕN 'DYXW 6XODUL $úÕN 'DLPv )H\]XOODK
dÕQDU$úÕN1HVLPv7XUDQ(QJLQ6DEUL<ÕOPD]WUN$KPHWg]GHPLU'HU-RXUQDOLVW
$OL*QHU&HPLOH&HYKHU'HU*HLVWOLFKH0HGHWùDKLQ'HGHGHU*HLVWOLFKH1DGDU
'HGHXQGDQGHUH«
,FKNPPHUWHPLFKXPGHQ9HUVDPPOXQJVWDJXQGPHLQ2QNHO$EEDVEHUQDKP
GLHYROOHQ.RVWHQ'DVZDUGHU%HJLQQIUGDVHUVWH=XVDPPHQZDFKVHQYRQ$OHYLWHQ
LQHLQHU3KDVHGHU/DQGÀXFKWLQGLH6WlGWH*RWWVHL'DQN+HXWHN|QQHQZLUQXQPHKUDXIHLJHQHQ)‰HQVWHKHQ8QVHUHHLJHQHQ,QVWLWXWLRQHQXQG.RPPLVVLRQHQZLH
DOHYLWLVFKH *RWWHV XQG 9HUVDPPOXQJVKlXVHU 'HUZLVFKNO|VWHU 9HUHLQH 6WLIWXQJHQ
)|GHUDWLRQHQ )HUQVHKVHQGHU 5DGLR6HQGHU 9HUODJVKlXVHU VLQG QXQPHKU HQWVWDQGHQ
(VZDUDQHLQHP7DJQDFKGHP0LOLWlUSXWVFKYRP0DL*OO$QDIUDJWHLKUHQ*DWWHQ$EEDV'D\Õ´1DGX5LQJHUKDVW'XGHQQNHLQH$QJVW"(VKHUUVFKW
GRFK$XVQDKPH]XVWDQGXQGVLHN|QQHQXQVDOOHDEIKUHQ´$EEDV'D\ÕGHUEHUHLW
ZDUVHLQ/HEHQIUGDV$OHYLWHQWXP]XRSIHUQDQWZRUWHWHGDUDXI³ZDUXPVROOWHQZLU
$QJVWKDEHQOLHEH*DWWLQ'LHMHQLJHQGLHGHQ$XVQDKPH]XVWDQGDXVJHUXIHQKDEHQ
VLQGHEHQIDOOV]XXQVHUHP*RWWHVGLHQVWHLQJHODGHQVLHN|QQHQXQWHUXQVVHLQXQGXQV
QlKHUNHQQHQOHUQHQ0DOVFKDXHQZDVVLHGDQQVDJHQZHUGHQ"6LQGZLUGHQQ)HLQGH
GHU5HOLJLRQGHV6WDDWHVXQGGHU5HSXEOLN"9HUDQVWDOWHQZLUHLQXQVLWWOLFKHV7UHIIHQ"
:LUVLQGGRFK:lFKWHUXQVHUHUSDUDGLHVKDIWHQ+HLPDW´
'LHVH HKUOLFKHQ *HIKOH PHLQHV 2QNHOV $EEDV GHU VHLQHP /DQG VHLQHP 6WDDW
XQGVHLQHP9RONWUHXHUJHEHQZDUXQGVLFKDOOHQKXPDQLVWLVFKHQ,GHDOHQZDKUKDIW
YHUEXQGHQIKOWHXQGFKDUDNWHUOLFKYRQ0HQVFKHQOLHEHJHSUlJWZDUXQGYRP+HU]HQ
GHP :HJ GHV *RWW0XKDPPHG$OL IROJWH XQG 3LU +DFÕ %HNWDú 9HOL YHUEXQGHQ ZDU
GLHQWHQPLU=HLWPHLQHV/HEHQVDOV2ULHQWLHUXQJ
,FK IUDJH PLFK ZDKUKDIW ZDUXP KDEHQ ZLU$OHYLWHQ GLH ³VR HKUOLFK HKUHQYROO
XQGUHLQHQ+HU]HQVVLQG´ELVKHXWH$QJVWJHKDEWXQGXQVYRQDOOHP]XUFNJH]RJHQ
KDEHQ":DUXPVWUDKOHQZLUQLFKWlKQOLFKZLHGLH³6RQQH´GLHDXIJHKWXQVHU/LFKWLQ
$OHYLOLN%HNWDúLOLN$UDúWÕUPDODUÕ'HUJLVL Ali YAMAN
GLH:HOWDXV":DUXPVROOWHGLHJDQ]H³0HQVFKKHLW´QLFKWYRQXQVHUHPKHLOLJHQ*ODXEHQYRQXQVHUHU.XOWXUYRQXQVHUHUEHUOHJHQHQ0RUDOXQGYRQXQVHUHQ$QVWDQGVUHJHOQ1XW]HQ]LHKHQ":DUXPJHUDWHQZLU$OHYLWHQLQ9HU]XJHLQHQVHLW-DKUKXQGHUWHQ
YHUERUJHQHQXQGZHUWYROOHQ6FKDW]LQGHQ'LHQVWGHU0HQVFKKHLW]XVWHOOHQ´
*RWWKDEHGHQOLHEHQ0HKPHW<$0$1'HGHVHOLJ
0|JHQ*RWW0XKDPPHG$OLXQVDOOHDXIGLHVHPQREOHQ:HJGHU+HLOLJHQEHJOHLWHQ
*HUoHNOHU'HPLQH+
%LOGXQWHUVFKULIW
,Q$QGHQNHQDQ 0HKPHW<$0$1 '('( GHVVHQ OHW]WHV%XFK .(5%(/$ YRQ
VHLQHP 6RKQ 'U$OL<$0$1 IHUWLJ JHVWHOOW XQG YRP$OHYLWLVFKHQ *ODXEHQV XQG
.XOWXU]HQWUXP&DOZKHUDXVJHJHEHQZXUGH
Forschungszeitschrift über das Alevitentum und das Bektaschitentum / 2014 / 9
Author
Document
Category
Uncategorized
Views
5
File Size
843 KB
Tags
1/--pages
Report inappropriate content