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DİKKATİNİZE:
BURADA SADECE ÖZETİN İLK ÜNİTESİ SİZE ÖRNEK
OLARAK GÖSTERİLMİŞTİR.
ÖZETİN TAMAMININ KAÇ SAYFA OLDUĞUNU ÜNİTELERİ İÇİNDEKİLER BÖLÜMÜNDEN GÖREBİLİRSİNİZ.
TEMEL İNSAN
HAKLARI BİLGİSİ II
KISA ÖZET
KOLAYAOF
2
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İçindekiler
1. Birleşmiş Milletler Sisteminde İnsan Haklarının Korunması …………………………….
2. Afrika ve Amerikan Sistemlerinde İnsan Haklarının Korunması ……………………....
3. Avrupa İnsan Hakları Sözleşmesinde İnsan Haklarının Korunması............................
4. Osmanlı Devleti’nde Temel Hak ve Özgürlükler …………………………………………
5. 1982 Anayasası’na Kadar Türkiye’de Temel Hak ve Özgürlükler…………………….
6. 1982 Anayasası’nda Türkiye’de Temel Hak ve Özgürlükler…………………………..
7. 1982 Anayasası’nda Türkiye’de Temel Hak ve Özgürlüklerin Sınırlandırılması ….
8. Türkiye’de Kolluk Kuvvetlerinin Bazı Faaliyetleri Sırasında, Temel Hak ve
Özgürlüklere İlişkin Olarak Dikkat Edilmesi Gereken Esaslar ………………………..
KOLAYAOF.COM 0 362 2338723
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1.ÜNİTE: Birleşmiş Milletler Sisteminde İnsan Haklarının Korunması
7ŶƐĂŶ,ĂŬůĂƌŦŬůĂƐŝŬƵůƵƐůĂƌĂƌĂƐŦƐŝLJĂƐŝŝůŝƔŬŝůĞƌŝŶĂŶůĂLJŦƔŦŶĂŐƂƌĞƚĂŵĂŵŦLJůĂĚĞǀůĞƚůĞƌŝŶŝĕŵĞƐĞůĞƐŝŽůaƌĂŬŐƂƌƺůĞŶďŝƌĂůĂŶŽůŵƵƔƚƵƌ͘ƵĂŶůĂLJŦƔĂŐƂƌĞďŝƌƺůŬĞĚĞLJĂƔĂŵĂŬƚĂŽůĂŶŝŶƐĂŶLJŦŒŦŶůĂƌŦŶŦŶŬĂĚĞƌŝŶŝ
ďĞůŝƌůĞŵĞŚĂŬŬŦƐĂĚĞĐĞŽďƂůŐĞŶŝŶŝĚĂƌĞĐŝƐŝŽůĂƌĂŬƵůƵƐůĂƌĂƌĂƐŦƐŝƐƚĞŵĚĞƚĂŶŦŶŵŦƔŽůĂŶŬƌĂůǀĞLJĂŝŵƉaƌĂƚŽƌĚƵƌ͘ƵĞƐŬŝĂŶůĂLJŦƔϮϬ͘zƺnjLJŦůĚĂƂŶĞŵůŝďŝƌĚĞŒŝƔŝŬůŝŒĞƵŒƌĂŵŦƔƚŦƌ͘7ŶƐĂŶůĂƌŦŶŚĂLJĂƚůĂƌŦ͕ƐĂŚŝƉŽlĚƵŬůĂƌŦďĂnjŦŚĂŬůĂƌĂƌƚŦŬƚĂŵĂŵĞŶƵůƵƐĂůLJĞƚŬŝLJĞĂŝƚ͕ĚŦƔŵƺĚĂŚĂůĞŶŝŶLJĂƐĂŬŽůĚƵŒƵŬŽŶƵůĂƌŽůŵĂŬƚĂŶ
ĕŦŬŵŦƔƚŦƌ͘ K ŬĂĚĂƌ Ŭŝ ĚĞǀůĞƚůĞƌĂƌĂƐŦ ƐŝLJĂƐŝ ƂƌŐƺƚůĞƌ ĚĂŚŝ ŝŶƐĂŶ ŚĂŬůĂƌŦŶŦŶ ŐĞůŝƔƚŝƌŝůŵĞƐŝŶŝ ŬĞŶĚŝůĞƌŝ ŝĕŝŶ
ƂŶĞŵůŝŬŽŶƵůĂƌĚĂŶŐƂƌŵƺƔ͕ďƵĂŵĂĕƵŒƌƵŶĚĂĕĂůŦƔŵŦƔƚŦƌ͘ϮϬ͘zƺnjLJŦůŝŶƐĂŶŚĂŬůĂƌŦĚƺƔƺŶĐĞƐŝŶŝŶĞŶĕŽŬ
ŐĞůŝƔŵĞŬĂƚĞƚƚŝŒŝnjĂŵĂŶĚŝůŝŵŝŽůŵƵƔƚƵƌ͘KŬĂĚĂƌŬŝŝŶƐĂŶŚĂŬůĂƌŦƚĞƌŝŵŝĚĂŚŝϭϵϰϬůŦLJŦůůĂƌĚĂŝůŬŽůĂƌĂŬ
ŬƵůůĂŶŦůŵĂLJĂďĂƔůĂŶŵŦƔ͖//͘ƺŶLJĂ^ĂǀĂƔŦƐƺƌĞƌŬĞŶLJĂƉŦůĂŶďĂnjŦƚŽƉůĂŶƚŦůĂƌĚĂƚĞƌŝŵŝŶ kuůůĂŶŦůŵĂƐŦLJĂyŐŦŶůŦŬ ŬĂnjĂŶŵĂLJĂ ďĂƔůĂŵŦƔƚŦƌ͘ PnjĞůůŝŬůĞ //͘ ƺŶLJĂ ^ĂǀĂƔŦ͛ŶĚĂ LJĂƔĂŶĂŶ ĂŒŦƌ ŝŶƐĂŶ ŚĂŬůĂƌŦ ŝŚůĂůůĞƌŝ͕ ďƵ
ƐĂǀĂƔƐŽŶƌĂƐŦŶĚĂŬƵƌƵůĂĐĂŬƵůƵƐůĂƌĂƌĂƐŦŝůŝƔŬŝůĞƌƐŝƐƚĞŵŝŶĚĞďƵŚĂŬůĂƌŦŶƂŶĞŵůŝƌŽůŽLJŶĂŵĂƐŦŐĞƌĞŬƚŝŒŝ
ŐƂƌƺƔƺŶƺŐƺĕůĞŶĚŝƌŵŝƔƚŝƌ͘
BİRLEŞMİŞ MİLLETLER ŞARTI
7ŶƐĂŶ ,ĂŬůĂƌŦ ĚƺƔƺŶĐĞƐŝ ŝƌůĞƔŵŝƔ DŝůůĞƚůĞƌ ;DͿ bĂƌƚŦ ŚĂnjŦƌůĂŶŦƌŬĞŶ ŐŝĚĞƌĞŬ ĚĂŚĂ ĨĂnjůĂ ƂŶĞŵ ŬĂnjĂnŵŦƔƚŦƌ͘7ůŬďĂƔůĂƌĚĂŝŶƐĂŶŚĂŬůĂƌŦŶĂĚĂŚĂŬŦƐŦƚůŦĂƚŦĨůĂƌƐƂnjŬŽŶƵƐƵLJŬĞŶ͕njĂŵĂŶŝůĞƌůĞĚŝŬĕĞƔĂƌƚŝĕŝŶĚĞŬŝ
ƂŶĞŵŝĂƌƚƚŦƌŦůŵŦƔƚŦƌ͘ĂŚĂƔĂƌƚŦŶŐŝƌŝƔďƂůƺŵƺŶĚĞ͕͞ŝŶƐĂŶŦŶƚĞŵĞůŚĂŬůĂƌŦŶĂ͖ŝŶƐĂŶŦŶŬŝƔŝůŝŒŝŶŝŶĚĞŒĞƌǀĞ
ŽŶƵƌƵŶĂ͖ ŬĂĚŦŶ ǀĞ ĞƌŬĞŬůĞƌŝŶ ǀĞ ĚĞ ŬƺĕƺŬ ďƺLJƺŬ ƚƺŵ ŵŝůůĞƚůĞƌŝŶ ĞƔŝƚůŝŒŝŶĞ͟ ŽůĂŶ ŝŶĂŶĕ ďŝƌ ŬĞnj ĚĂŚĂ
ŝĨĂĚĞ ĞĚŝůŵŝƔƚŝƌ͘ ŝƌůĞƔŵŝƔ DŝůůĞƚůĞƌ PƌŐƺƚƺ͛Ŷƺ ŬƵƌĂŶ bĂƌƚ ŝĕŝŶĚĞ ďĂnjŦ ŝŶƐĂŶ ŚĂŬůĂƌŦ ĚƺnjĞŶůĞŵĞůĞƌŝŶ
ǀĂƌůŦŒŦ͕ ďƵ ĚƺnjĞŶůĞŵĞůĞƌ ŶĞ ŬĂĚĂƌ ŬĞƐŝŶůŝŬƚĞŶ ƵnjĂŬ ŚĂnjŦƌůĂŶŵŦƔ ŽůƵƌƐĂ ŽůƐƵŶ͕ ƂŶĞŵůŝ ǀĞ ŽůƵŵůƵ ďŝƌ
ĂĚŦŵŽůĂƌĂŬĚĞŒĞƌůĞŶĚŝƌŝůŵĞůŝĚŝƌ͘ƵƐĂLJĞĚĞŝŶƐĂŶŚĂŬůĂƌŦŵĞƐĞůĞƐŝƵůƵƐůĂƌĂƌĂƐŦďŝƌŵĂŚŝLJĞƚŬĂnjĂŶŵŦƔͲ
ƚŦƌ͘bĂƌƚ͛ĂƚĂƌĂĨŽůĂŶĚĞǀůĞƚůĞƌĂƌƚŦŬďƵƔĂƌƚŝĕŝŶĚĞĚƺnjĞŶůĞŵĞďƵůŵƵƔŝŶƐĂŶŚĂŬůĂƌŦŶŦŶƵůƵƐůĂƌĂƌĂƐŦďŝƌ
ŵĞƐĞůĞ ŽůĚƵŒƵŶƵ ĚĂ ŬĂďƵů ĞƚŵĞ ĚƵƌƵŵƵŶĚĂĚŦƌ͘ zĂŶŝ ďŝƌ ĕŽŬ ĚƵƌƵŵĚĂ͕ ƵůƵƐ ĚĞǀůĞƚůĞƌ͕ ŝŶƐĂŶ ŚĂŬůĂƌŦ
ŝŚůĂůůĞƌŝŶŝŶŬĞŶĚŝƵůƵƐĂůLJĞƚŬŝƐŝŶĞĚĂŚŝůŽůĚƵŒƵŶƵŝĚĚŝĂĞĚĞŵĞnjĚƵƌƵŵĂŐĞůŵŝƔůĞƌ͕ďƵĚĂďƵĚĞǀůĞƚůĞri
ŝŶƐĂŶŚĂŬůĂƌŦŬŽŶƵƐƵŶĚĂĚĂŚĂĚŝŬŬĂƚůŝĚĂǀƌĂŶŵĂLJĂŝƚĞƌďŝƌŚĂůĂůŵŦƔƚŦƌ͘ƵŶĂŝůĂǀĞƚĞŶ͕ƺLJĞĚĞǀůĞƚůĞƌŝŶ
DŝůĞŝŶƐĂŶŚĂŬůĂƌŦŬŽŶƵƐƵŶĚĂŝƔďŝƌůŝŒŝLJĂƉŵĂLJƺŬƺŵůƺůƺŒƺ͕D͛ ĞďƵŬŽŶƵůĂƌĚĂƂŶĞŵůŝĂĚŦŵůĂƌĂƚabilme yetkisinin de hukuken verilmesinin temelini oluƔƚƵƌŵƵƔƚƵƌ͘ Ƶ ƐĂLJĞĚĞ͕ ƂŶĞŵůŝ ƐĂLJŦĚĂ ŝŶƐĂŶ
ŚĂŬůĂƌŦ ŬƵƌĂůůĂƌŦ ŽƌƚĂLJĂ ĕŦŬŵŦƔ͕ ƂnjĞůůŝŬůĞ ϱϱ͘ ǀĞ ϱϲ͘ DĂĚĚĞůĞƌĚĞ ďĂŚƐŝ ŐĞĕĞŶ ͞ŝŶƐĂŶ ŚĂŬůĂƌŦ ǀĞ ƚĞŵĞů
ƂnjŐƺƌůƺŬůĞƌ͟ĚĞŶŶĞĂŶůĂƔŦůŵĂƐŦŐĞƌĞŬƚŝŒŝƐŽŵƵƚďŝƌŝĕĞƌŝŒĞŬĂǀƵƔƚƵƌƵůĂďŝůŵŝƔƚŝƌ͘
İNSAN HAKLARI EVRENSEL BEYANNAMESİ
D͛LJŝŬƵƌĂŶbĂƌƚ͛ƚĂŝŶƐĂŶŚĂŬůĂƌŦŶĂĚĞŒŝŶŝůŵĞŬƚĞ͕ďƵŶƵŶůĂŝůŐŝůŝďĂnjŦŬƵƌƵŵǀĞĚĞďŝƌŝŵůĞƌĞŐƂƌĞǀůĞƌ
ƚĞǀĚŝĞĚŝůŵĞŬƚĞĚŝƌ͘ŶĐĂŬbĂƌƚ͛ŦŶŝĕŝŶĚĞďƵŝŶƐĂŶŚĂŬůĂƌŦŶŦŶŚĂŶŐŝůĞƌŝŽůĚƵŒƵŶĂĚĂŝƌĚŝƌĞŬƚďŝƌĚƺnjĞnůĞŵĞƐƂnjŬŽŶƵƐƵĚĞŒŝůĚŝƌ;ŽnjŬƵƌƚ͕Ɛ͘ϲϴͿ͘ƵĚƵƌƵŵƵŶĚƺnjĞůƚŝůŵĞƐŝŝĕŝŶŬŽŶŽŵŝŬǀĞ^ŽƐLJĂů<ŽŶƐĞLJ
LJƵŬĂƌŦĚĂďĂŚƐŝŐĞĕĞŶϲϴ͘DĂĚĚĞLJĞĚĂLJĂŶĂƌĂŬ7ŶƐĂŶ,ĂŬůĂƌŦ<ŽŵŝƐLJŽŶƵ͛ŶƵŬƵƌŵƵƔƚƵƌ͘7ŶƐĂŶ,ĂŬůĂƌŦ
<ŽŵŝƐLJŽŶƵ ĕĂůŦƔŵĂůĂƌŦŶĂ Ϯϳ KĐĂŬ ϭϵϰϳ ƚĂƌŝŚŝŶĚĞ ďĂƔůĂŵŦƔƚŦƌ͘ ĞLJĂŶŶĂŵĞ͕ ďŝƌ ƵůƵƐůĂƌĂƌĂƐŦ ĂŶƚůĂƔŵĂ
ŚƺǀŝLJĞƚŝŶĞƐĂŚŝƉĚĞŒŝůĚŝƌ͘D'ĞŶĞů<ƵƌƵůƵƚĂƌĂĨŦŶĚĂŶŚƵŬƵŬŝďĂŒůĂLJŦĐŦůŦŒŦŽůŵĂLJĂŶďŝƌŬĂƌĂƌƔĞŬůŝŶĚĞ
ŬĂďƵůĞĚŝůŵŝƔƚŝƌ͘ŵĂĐŦ͕DbĂƌƚŦ͛ŶĚĂďĂŚƐĞĚŝůĞŶ͞ŝŶƐĂŶŚĂŬůĂƌŦǀĞƚĞŵĞůƂnjŐƺƌůƺŬůĞƌ͟ĚĞŶŶĞĂŶůĂƔŦlŵĂƐŦŐĞƌĞŬƚŝŒŝŬŽŶƵƐƵŶĚĂŽƌƚĂŬďŝƌĂŶůĂLJŦƔLJĂƌĂƚŵĂŬƚŦƌ͘ƂLJůĞůŝŬůĞďƺƚƺŶŚĂůŬůĂƌǀĞŵŝůůĞƚůĞƌŝĕŝŶŽƌƚaLJĂ ďŝƌ ďĂƔĂƌŦƂůĕƺƚƺ ŬŽLJƵůŵƵƔŽůĂĐĂŬƚŦƌ͘ 7ŶƐĂŶ ŚĂŬůĂƌŦ ŬŽŶƵƐƵŶĚĂ ĞLJĂŶŶĂŵĞ͛LJĞ ďĂŬĂƌĂŬ͕ ĚĞǀůĞƚůĞƌ
ŶĞƌĞĚĞŽůĚƵŬůĂƌŦŶŦĚĂŚĂŬŽůĂLJƚĂLJŝŶĞĚĞďŝůĞĐĞŬůĞƌĚŝƌ͘ƵĞLJĂŶŶĂŵĞ͛LJŝďĞŶŝŵƐĞLJĞŶǀĞĚĞŬĂďƵůĞĚĞŶ
ƺůŬĞůĞƌ ŝĕŝŶ ĚŽŒƌƵĚĂŶ ďŝƌ ŚƵŬƵŬŝ LJƺŬƺŵůƺůƺŬ LJĂƌĂƚŵĂƐŦ ƐƂnj ŬŽŶƵƐƵ ĚĞŒŝůĚŝƌ͘ ƵŶƵŶůĂ ďĞƌĂďĞƌ͕ ŝŶƐĂŶ
ŚĂŬůĂƌŦŶĚĂŶŶĞĂŶůĂƔŦůŵĂƐŦŐĞƌĞŬƚŝŒŝŶŝƐŽŵƵƚŽůĂƌĂŬŽƌƚĂLJĂŬŽLJŵƵƔ͕ŬĂďƵůĞĚĞŶƺůŬĞůĞƌŝŶďƵŚĂŬůĂƌĂ
ƐĂLJŐŦLJŦƐĂŒůĂŵĂůĂƌŦŐĞƌĞŬƚŝŒŝŶĞŝƔĂƌĞƚĞƚŵŝƔŽůĚƵŒƵŶĚĂŶďƺLJƺŬƂŶĞŵŝŚĂŝnjĞǀƌĞŶƐĞůďŝr metindir. BeLJĂŶŶĂŵĞĚĂŚĂƐŽŶƌĂŬŝƵůƵƐůĂƌĂƌĂƐŦŚƵŬƵŬďĞůŐĞůĞƌŝŶŝĚĞĞƚŬŝůĞŵŝƔƚŝƌ͘hůƵƐůĂƌĂƌĂƐŦƉůĂƚĨŽƌŵůĂƌĚĂŝŶƐĂŶ
ŚĂŬůĂƌŦŐĞůŝƔŝŵŝŶŝŶĞŶƂŶĞŵůŝƚĞŵĞůŝďƵďĞLJĂŶŶĂŵĞŝůĞĂƚŦůŵŦƔƚŦƌ͘7ƔƚĞďƵƐĞďĞƉůĞƌůĞ͕ŚƵŬƵŬĞŶďĂŒůĂLJŦͲ
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ĐŦůŦŒŦŽůŵĂƐĂǀĞŚĞƌŚĂŶŐŝďŝƌƵLJŐƵůĂŵĂ ŵĞŬĂŶŝnjŵĂƐŦƂŶŐƂƌŵĞŵŝƔŽůƐĂĚĂĞLJĂŶŶĂŵĞĕŽŬƂŶĞŵůŝďŝƌ
ŐĞůŝƔŵĞ ŽůĂƌĂŬ ŬĂďƵů ĞĚŝůŵŝƔƚŝƌ ĞLJĂŶŶĂŵĞ͛ŶŝŶ ŚĂnjŦƌůĂŶŵĂƐŦŶĚĂ ƚĞŵĞůŝ ŽůƵƔƚƵƌĂŶ ĨĞůƐĞĨĞ ͞ŝŶƐĂŶůŦŬ
ŽŶƵƌƵ͕ƂnjŐƺƌůƺŬ͕ĞƔŝƚůŝŬǀĞŬĂƌĚĞƔůŝŬ͟ƚĞŵĞůůĞƌŝŶĞĚĂLJĂŶŵĂŬƚĂĚŦƌ͘ ƵĚĞŒĞƌůĞƌŝŶŬŽƌƵŶŵĂƐŦŶĂLJƂŶĞůŝŬ
olĂƌĂŬŚĂŬůĂƌƚĞƐƉŝƚĞĚŝůŵŝƔǀĞĚĞĚƺnjĞŶůĞŶŵŝƔƚŝƌ͘ĞLJĂŶŶĂŵĞ͛ĚĞŬŝLJŝƌŵŝLJĞĚŝƚĞŵĞůŝŶƐĂŶŚĂŬŬŦŶĚĂŶ
ŚĞƌďŝƌŝ͕ďƵĚƂƌƚƚĞŵĞůĚĞŶďŝƌŝŶĞĚĂLJĂŶŵĂŬƚĂǀĞĂƐůŦŶĚĂďƵƚĞŵĞůĚĞŒĞƌŝŬŽƌƵŵĂŬƚĂĚŦƌ.
1966 TARİHLİ İNSAN HAKLARI SÖZLEŞMELERİ
(İKİZ SÖZLEŞMELER)
ϭϵϲϲLJŦůŦŶĚĂŝŬŝŝŶƐĂŶŚĂŬůĂƌŦƐƂnjůĞƔŵĞƐŝŝƌůĞƔŵŝƔDŝůůĞƚůĞƌĕĂƚŦƐŦĂůƚŦŶĚĂŚĂnjŦƌůĂŶŵŦƔǀĞŬĂďƵůĞĚŝůŵŝƔͲ
tir. Ƶ ƐƂnjůĞƔŵĞůĞƌĞ ͞ŝŬŝnj ƐƂnjůĞƔŵĞůĞƌ͟ ĚĞŶŝůŵĞŬƚĞĚŝƌ͘ Ƶ ƐƂnjůĞƔŵĞůĞƌŝŶ ŚĂnjŦƌůĂŶŵĂƐŦŶĂ ďĂƔůĂŶŵĂƐŦ
ĂƐůŦŶĚĂ ϭϵϰϴLJŦůŦŶĂŬĂĚĂƌĚĂLJĂŶŦƌ͘ǀƌĞŶƐĞůĞLJĂŶŶĂŵĞ͛ĚĞďĂŚƐŝŐĞĕĞŶŚĂŬůĂƌŦŶďĂŒůĂLJŦĐŦůŦŒŦŽůĂŶďŝƌ
formatta ĚƺnjĞŶůĞŶŵĞƐŝŝĕŝŶƐƂnjůĞƔŵĞůĞƌŝŶŚĂnjŦƌůĂŶŵĂƐŦĂŵĂĕůĂŶŵŦƔ͕ďƵĂŶĐĂŬϭϵϲϲLJŦůŦŶĚĂďĂƔĂƌŦůaďŝůŵŝƔƚŝƌ.
1966 Medeni ve Siyasal Haklar Sözleşmesi
DĞĚĞŶŝ ǀĞ ^ŝLJĂƐĂů ,ĂŬůĂƌ ^ƂnjůĞƔŵĞƐŝ ;D^,^Ϳ D 'ĞŶĞů <ƵƌƵůƵ͛ŶĐĂ ϭϲ ƌĂůŦŬ 1966 tarihinde kabul
ĞĚŝůŵŝƔǀĞŝŵnjĂLJĂĂĕŦůŵŦƔƚŦƌ͘^ƂnjůĞƔŵĞŶŝŶLJƺƌƺƌůƺŒĞŐŝƌŵĞƐŝŝƐĞϯϱ͘KŶĂLJďĞůŐĞƐŝŶŝŶ depoziter olan BM
'ĞŶĞů ^ĞŬƌĞƚĞƌŝ͛ŶĞ ƵůĂƔƚŦƌŦůŵĂƐŦLJůĂ Ϯϯ DĂƌƚ ϭϵϳϲ ƚĂƌŝŚŝŶĚĞ ŐĞƌĕĞŬůĞƔŵŝƔƚŝƌ͘ zĂƉŦƐĂů ŽůĂƌĂŬ ŝŶĐĞůĞŶĚiŒŝŶĚĞD^,^͕ƚŽƉůĂŵϲƂůƺŵǀĞϱϯ ŵĂĚĚĞĚĞŶŽůƵƔĂŶǀĞƂŶĐĞůŝŬůĞ7ŶƐĂŶ,ĂŬůĂƌŦǀƌĞŶƐĞůĞLJĂŶŶaŵĞƐŝ͛ŶĚĞ ĚƺnjĞŶůĞŵĞ ďƵůĂŶŚƺŬƺŵůĞƌĞ ŐĞŶŝƔůĞƚĞƌĞŬ ƐŽŵƵƚ ďŝƌŬĂƉƐĂŵ ǀĞ ďĂŒůĂLJŦĐŦůŦŬŬĂnjĂŶĚŦƌĂŶďŝƌ
ŚƵŬƵŬ ŵĞƚŶŝĚŝƌ͘ ĞLJĂŶŶĂŵĞ D^,^͛ŶŝŶ ĞƚŬŝůĞŶĚŝŒŝ ďŝƌ ŬĂLJŶĂŬƚŦƌ͘ ƵŶƵŶůĂ ďĞƌĂďĞƌ͕ ĞLJĂŶŶĂŵĞ͛ŶŝŶ
LJƺƌƺƌůƺŒĞŐŝƌĚŝŒŝƵůƵƐůĂƌĂƌĂƐŦƐŝƐƚĞŵnjĂŵĂŶŝĕŝŶĚĞĞǀƌŝůŵŝƔƚŝƌ͘ĞŬŽůŽŶŝnjĂƐLJŽŶƐƺƌĞĐŝƐŽŶƵŶĚĂƂnjŐƺƌůƺͲ
ŒƺŶĞŬĂǀƵƔĂŶďŝƌĕŽŬĚĞǀůĞƚĂƌƚŦŬƵůƵƐůĂƌĂƌĂƐŦƐŝLJĂƐĞƚŝŶDŐŝďŝƉůĂƚĨŽƌŵůĂƌŦŶŦĚĂŚĂĂŬƚŝĨǀĞĚĞďŝůŝŶĕůŝ
ďŝƌƔĞŬŝůĚĞŬƵůůĂŶĂďŝůŵĞŬƚĞĚŝƌ͘ƵŝƐĞD^,^͛ŶŝŶƚĂŵĂŵĞŶĂƚŦĞƚŬŝƐŝŶĚĞŚĂnjŦƌůĂŶŵĂƐŦŶĂĞŶŐĞů ŽůŵƵƔ͕
D^,^͛LJŝ ŚĂnjŦƌůĂLJĂŶ ƐƺƌĞ ŬĂƚŦůŦŵ ĚĂŚĂ ĕŽŬ LJƂŶůƺ ŽůŵƵƔƚƵƌ͘ dƺƌŬŝLJĞ ƵŵŚƵƌŝLJĞƚŝ D^,^͛LJŝ ϭϱ ŒƵƐƚŽƐ
ϮϬϬƚĂƌŝŚŝŶĚĞŝŵnjĂůĂŵŦƔ͕ϰ,ĂnjŝƌĂŶϮϬϬϯƚĂƌŝŚŝŶĚĞŝƐĞŽŶĂLJůĂŵŦƔƚŦƌ͘
1966 Ekonomik, Sosyal ve Kültürel Haklar Sözleşmesi
Ƶ ƐƂnjůĞƔŵĞ ĞŬŽŶŽŵŝŬ͕ ƐŽƐLJĂů ǀĞ ŬƺůƚƺƌĞů ŚĂŬůĂƌŦ ĚĞƚĂLJůŦ ďŝƌ ƔĞŬŝůĚĞ ĚƺnjĞŶůĞŵĞLJĞ ƚĂďŝ ƚƵƚŵĂŬƚĂĚŦƌ͘
ĞƔ ďƂůƺŵĚĞŶŽůƵƔŵĂŬƚĂŽůĂŶϭϵϲϲƚĂƌŝŚůŝŬŽŶŽŵŝŬ͕^ŽƐLJĂůǀĞ<ƺůƚƺƌĞů,ĂŬůĂƌ^ƂnjůĞƔmesi;^<,^Ϳ͛ŶŝŶ
ďŝƌŝŶĐŝďƂůƺŵƺLJĂůŶŦnjĐĂďŝƌŵĂĚĚĞĚĞŶŽůƵƔŵĂŬƚĂĚŦƌ͘ƵŵĂĚĚĞLJƵŬĂƌŦĚĂĚĂƚĞŵĂƐĞƚƚŝŒŝŵŝnj͕ŚĂůŬůĂƌŦŶ
ŬĞŶĚŝ ŬĂĚĞƌŝŶŝ ƚĂLJŝŶ ĞƚŵĞ ŚĂŬŬŦŶŦ ĚƺnjĞŶůĞŵĞŬƚĞĚŝƌ͘ ^<,^ ŵĂĚĚĞ ϭ͛Ğ ŐƂƌĞ͖ ƚƺŵ ŚĂůŬůĂƌ ďƵ ŚĂŬŬĂ
ƐĂŚŝƉƚŝƌ ǀĞ ďƵ ŚĂŬŬŦ ƂnjŐƺƌĐĞ ŬƵůůĂŶĂƌĂŬ ŬĞŶĚŝ ƐŝLJĂƐŝĚƵƌƵŵůĂƌŦŶŦ ƚĞƐƉŝƚ ĞĚĞƌ͖ ĚŝůĞĚŝŬůĞƌŝ ƔĞŬŝůĚĞ ĞŬonomik, sosyal ve kƺůƚƺƌĞůŐĞůŝƔŝŵůĞƌŝŐĞƌĕĞŬůĞƔƚŝƌŝƌ͘dƺŵŚĂůŬůĂƌ͕ƐĂŚŝƉŽůĚƵŬůĂƌŦĚŽŒĂůnjĞŶŐŝŶůŝŬǀĞŬĂyŶĂŬůĂƌŦ͕ ŝƔďŝƌůŝŒŝ ŐĞƌĞŒŝ LJƺŬƺŵůĞŶĚŝŬůĞƌŝ ďŽƌĕůĂƌŦ ŚĂƌŝĕ͕ ŬĂƌƔŦůŦŬůŦ ĨĂLJĚĂ ǀĞ ƵůƵƐůĂƌ ĂƌĂƐŦ ŚƵŬƵŬĂ ƵLJŐƵŶ
ŽůĂƌĂŬĚŝůĞĚŝŬůĞƌŝƔĞŬŝůĚĞ ŬƵůůĂŶŵĂŬƚĂƂnjŐƺƌĚƺƌ͘ŝƌŚĂůŬ͕ŚŝĕďŝƌƔĞŬŝůĚĞŬĞŶĚŝǀĂƌůŦŒŦŝĕŝŶŐĞƌĞŬůŝŽůĂŶ
ŝŵŬĂŶůĂƌŦŶ ĚĂŶ ŵĂŚƌƵŵ ďŦƌĂŬŦůĂŵĂnj͘ 7ŬŝŶĐŝ ďƂůƺŵĚĞ ƵLJŐƵůĂŵĂ ƉƌĞŶƐŝƉůĞƌŝŶĚĞŶ ďĂŚƐĞĚŝůŵĞŬƚĞĚŝƌ͘
ƵƌĂĚĂĚĂŦƌŬ͕ĐŝŶƐŝLJĞƚ͕Ěŝů͕ĚŝŶŐŝďŝƂůĕƺƚůĞƌĞďĂŒůŦŽůĂƌĂŬĂLJƌŦŵLJĂƉŦůĂŵĂLJĂĐĂŒŦŚƺŬŵĞďĂŒůĂŶŵĂŬƚĂ͖
devletlerin cinsiyeƚĂLJƌŦŵŦLJĂƉŵĂĚĂŶŚĞƌŬĞƐĞƐƂnjůĞƔŵĞĚĞŵĞǀĐƵƚŚĂŬůĂƌŦƚĂŶŦŵĂƐŦLJƺŬƺŵƺŚĂƚŦƌůĂƚŦlŵĂŬƚĂĚŦƌ͘^ƂnjůĞƔŵĞ͛ŶŝŶϰ͘DĂĚĚĞƐŝŶĞŐƂƌĞŚĂŬůĂƌŦŶĚŽŒĂƐŦŶĂƵLJŐƵŶŽůĂĐĂŬƐŦŶŦƌůĂŶĚŦƌŵĂůĂƌĂŝnjŝŶǀeƌŝůŵĞŬƚĞĚŝƌ͘ƵƐŦŶŦƌůĂŶĚŦƌŵĂůĂƌĂŶĐĂŬŬĂŶƵŶŝLJŽůůĂƌŝůĞŐĞƌĕĞŬůĞƔƚŝƌŝůŵĞůŝĚŝƌǀĞ ƐŦŶŦƌůĂŶĚŦƌŵĂůĂƌŦŶĚĂ
LJĂůŶŦnjĐĂ͞ŐĞŶĞůƌĞĨĂŚŦ͟ĂƌƚƚŦƌŵĂLJĂLJƂŶĞůŝŬŽůŵĂƐŦƔĂƌƚƚŦƌ͘'ĞŶĞůƌĞĨĂŚŦĂƌƚƚŦƌŵĂLJĂĐĂŬŵĂŚŝLJĞƚƚĞŬŝƐŦŶŦrůĂŶĚŦƌŵĂůĂƌ͕ ŬĂŶƵŶ ĕŦŬĂƌƚĂƌĂŬ ŐĞƌĕĞŬůĞƔƚŝƌŝůŵŝƔ ŽůƐĂůĂƌ ĚĂŚŝ͕ ďƵ ƐƂnjůĞƔŵĞLJĞ ĂLJŬŦƌŦ ŽůĂĐĂŬƚŦƌ͘ ^ƂnjůĞƔͲ
ŵĞ͛ŶŝŶ ϱ͘ DĂĚĚĞƐŝ ŝůĞ ƂnjŐƺƌůƺŬůĞƌŝŶ ŬƵůůĂŶŦůŵĂƐŦ LJŽůƵLJůĂ ĚŝŒĞƌ ƂnjŐƺƌůƺŬůĞƌŝŶ ƐŦŶŦƌůĂŶĚŦƌŦůŵĂƐŦ LJĂƐĂkůĂŶŵĂŬƚĂĚŦƌ͘^ƂnjůĞƔŵĞŶŝŶĚŝŒĞƌŬŝƔŝůĞƌŝǀĞƂnjŐƺƌůƺŬůĞƌŝŬŦƐŦƚůĂLJĂĐĂŬƔĞŬŝůĚĞLJŽƌƵŵůĂŶŵĂƐŦLJĂƐĂŬƚŦƌ͘
DĂĚĚĞLJĞ ŐƂƌĞ ƐƂnjůĞƔŵĞĚĞŬŝŚŝĕďŝƌĚƺnjĞŶůĞŵĞ ƐƂnjůĞƔŵĞĚĞƂŶŐƂƌƺůĞŶƐŦŶŦƌůĂŵĂĚĂŶĚĂŚĂĨĂnjůĂƐŦŶŦrůĂŶĚŦƌŦůŵĂLJĂĚĂƚĂďŝƚƵƚƵůĂŵĂnj͘
HER TÜRLÜ IRK AYRIMCILIĞININ ORTADAN KALDIRILMASINA
İLİŞKİN ULUSLARARASI SÖZLEŞME
/ƌŬLJƌŦŵĐŦůŦŒŦŵĞƐĞůĞƐŝ͕ŝƌůĞƔŵŝƔDŝůůĞƚůĞƌ͛ŝƵnjƵŶĐĂďŝƌƐƺƌĞŵĞƔŐƵůĞƚŵŝƔ͕ďƵŬƵƌƵŵƵŶŐƺŶĚĞŵŝŶĚĞ
ƐƺƌĞŬůŝŬĞŶĚŝŶĞLJĞƌďƵůŵƵƔƂŶĞŵůŝďŝƌƵůƵƐůĂƌĂƌĂƐŦƐŽƌƵŶŽůĂŐĞůŵŝƔƚŝƌ͘PnjĞůůŝŬůĞ͕'ƺŶĞLJĨƌŝŬĂĞǀůeƚŝ͛ŶĚĞ ϭϵϰϴ-ϭϵϵϬ LJŦůůĂƌŦ ĂƌĂƐŦŶĚĂ ƵLJŐƵůĂŶĂŶ ĂLJƌŦŵĐŦ ƌĞũŝŵŝŶ ŶĞĚĞŶ ŽůĚƵŒƵ ƚĂƌƚŦƔŵĂůĂƌ͕ ďƵ ƺůŬĞĚĞ
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ŵĞLJĚĂŶĂŐĞůĞŶŬƂŬůƺĚĞŒŝƔŝŬůŝŬůĞƌĞŬĂĚĂƌĚĞǀĂŵĞƚŵŝƔƚŝƌ͘,Ğƌdƺƌůƺ/ƌŬLJƌŦŵĐŦůŦŒŦŶŦŶKƌƚĂĚĂŶ KaldŦͲ
ƌŦůŵĂƐŦ^ƂnjůĞƔŵĞƐŝŝƔƚĞďƵĚƂŶĞŵŝŵƺƌƺŶůĞƌŝŶĚĞŶďŝƌƚĂŶĞƐŝĚŝƌ͘Ƶ^ƂnjůĞƔŵĞƂnjĞůůŝŬůĞŚĞƌƚƺƌůƺŦƌŬƐĂů
ĂLJƌŦŵĐŦůŦŒĂ ŬĂƌƔŦ ĚƺnjĞŶůĞŵĞůĞƌ ŐĞƚŝƌĞŶ͕ ďƵ ĂLJƌŦŵĐŦůŦŒŦ ŐĞŶĞů ŽůĂƌĂŬ ƂŶůĞŵĞŬ ŝƐƚĞLJĞŶ ŵĂŚŝLJĞƚƚĞĚŝƌ͘
ƵŶƵŶůĂďŝƌůŝŬƚĞ͕ƵůƵƐůĂƌĂƌĂƐŦƉůĂƚĨŽƌŵĚĂŬŝƂŶĞŵŝ ǀĞĂLJƌŦŵĐŦůŦŒŦŶĚĞǀůĞƚĞůŝLJůĞLJĂƉŦůŵĂƐŦŶĞĚĞŶŝLJůĞĕŽŬ
ƔŝĚĚĞƚůŝ ďŽLJƵƚůĂƌĂ ǀĂƌŵĂƐŦ ŶĞĚĞŶŝLJůĞ͕ ƉĂƌƚŚĞŝĚ ZĞũŝŵŝ ǀĞ ƵLJŐƵůĂŵĂůĂƌŦŶĂ ĂLJƌŦĐĂ ĚĞŒŝŶŵĞLJŝ ƵLJŐƵŶ
ŐƂƌŵƺƔƚƺƌ͘
APARTHEID SÖZLEŞMESİ
ϭϵϳϯLJŦůŦŶĚĂŝƌůĞƔŵŝƔDŝůůĞƚůĞƌ'ĞŶĞů<ƵƌƵůƵƚĂƌĂĨŦŶĚĂŶŬĂďƵůĞĚŝůĞŶǀĞ ŝŵnjĂLJĂĂĕŦůĂŶƉĂƌƚŚĞŝĚ
^ƂnjůĞƔŵĞƐŝ ϭϵϳϲ LJŦůŦŶĚĂ LJƺƌƺƌůƺŒĞ ŐŝƌŵŝƔƚŝƌ͘ ^ƂnjůĞƔŵĞ͛ŶŝŶ ŐƺŶƺŵƺnj ŝƚŝďĂƌŝLJůĞ ƚĂƌĂĨŦ ŽůĂŶ ϭϬϴ ĚĞǀůĞƚ
ďƵůƵŶŵĂŬƚĂĚŦƌ͘ ĂƔůŦŒŦŶĚĂŶ ĚĂ ĂŶůĂƔŦůĂĐĂŒŦ ƺnjĞƌĞ ďƵ ^ƂnjůĞƔŵĞ͛ŶŝŶ ĞƐĂƐ ĂŵĂĐŦ ĂƉĂƌƚŚĞŝĚ ƌĞũŝŵůĞƌŝŶŝ
ďĂƐƚŦƌŵĂŬǀĞĐĞnjĂůĂŶĚŦƌŵĂŬƚŦƌ͘^ƂnjůĞƔŵĞ͛LJĞŐƂƌĞ;ŵ͘ϭͿĂƉĂƌƚŚĞŝĚƌĞũŝŵůĞƌŝŝŶƐĂŶůŦŒĂŬĂƌƔŦƐƵĕŽůĂƌĂŬ
ƚĂŶŦŵůĂŶŵĂŬƚĂĚŦƌǀĞďƵƚŝƉƌĞũŝŵůĞƌŝŶŐĞƌĕĞŬůĞƔƚŝƌĚŝŒŝĞLJůĞŵůĞƌƵůƵƐůĂƌĂƌĂƐŦŚƵŬƵŬƵŶŐĞŶĞůƉƌĞŶƐŝƉůerinin ŝŚůĂůŝŽůĂƌĂŬĚĞŒĞƌůĞŶĚŝƌŝůŵĞůŝĚŝƌ͘ƵƐƂnjůĞƔŵĞ͕ŬĞŶĚŝƐŝŶĚĞŶƐŽŶƌĂĚƺnjĞŶůĞŵĞďƵůĂŶ ƵůƵƐůĂƌĂƌĂƐŦ
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͞ϭϵϰϵĞŶĞǀƌĞ^ƂnjůĞƔŵĞůĞƌŝ͛ŶĞ/͘ ŬWƌŽƚŽŬŽů͟ĂƉĂƌƚŚĞŝĚƵLJŐƵůĂŵĂƐŦŶŦĂŒŦƌďŝƌŚƵŬƵŬŝŚůĂůŝŽůĂƌĂŬĚeŒĞƌůĞŶĚŝƌŵŝƔƚŝƌ͘ hůƵƐůĂƌĂƌĂƐŦ ĞnjĂ MahŬĞŵĞƐŝ ^ƚĂƚƺƐƺ ĚĞ ĂƉĂƌƚŚĞŝĚ ƐƵĕƵŶƵ͕ ĚƺnjĞŶůĞŵŝƔ ŽůĚƵŒƵ ƐƵĕ
ŬĂƚĞŐŽƌŝůĞƌŝŶĚĞŶďŝƌŝŝĕŝŶĚĞ ĚĞŒĞƌůĞŶĚŝƌŵŝƔǀĞďƵŶƵ͞ŝŶƐĂŶůŦŒĂŬĂƌƔŦƐƵĕ͟ŽůĂƌĂŬǀĂƐŦĨůĂŶĚŦƌŵŦƔƚŦƌ͘
KADINLARA YÖNELİK HER TÜRLÜ AYRIMCILIĞIN
KALDIRILMASINA DAİR SÖZLEŞME
ŝƌůĞƔŵŝƔDŝůůĞƚůĞƌ'ĞŶĞů<ƵƌƵůƵƚĂƌĂĨŦŶĚĂŶϭϴƌĂůŦŬϭϵϳϵƚĂƌŝŚŝŶĚĞŬĂďƵůĞĚŝůĞŶďƵƐƂnjůĞƔŵĞϭϵϴϭ
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ve ŝŶƐĂŶŚĂŬůĂƌŦŶŦŶ͟ŬĂĚŦŶůĂƌƚĂƌĂĨŦŶĚĂŶŬƵůůĂŶŦůŵĂƐŦŶŦĞŶŐĞůůĞLJĞŶǀĞĐŝŶƐŝLJĞƚĞĚĂLJĂŶĂŶŚĞƌƚƺƌůƺĂyƌŦŵĐŦůŦŬ͕ ĚŦƔůĂŵĂǀĞŬŦƐŦƚůĂŵĂŝƔƚĞďƵƐĂǀĂƔŦůŵĂŬŝƐƚĞŶĞŶ͕ĞŶŐĞůůĞŶŵĞŬŝƐƚĞŶĞŶĂLJƌŦŵĐŦůŦŒŦŶƚĂŶŦŵŦŶŦ
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ϭϬƌĂůŦŬϭϵϴϰƚĂƌŝŚŝŶĚĞ ŝƌůĞƔŵŝƔDŝůůĞƚůĞƌ'ĞŶĞů<ƵƌƵůƵ͛ŶĚĂŬĂďƵůĞĚŝůĞƌĞŬ ŝŵnjĂLJĂ ĂĕŦůŵŦƔƚŦƌ͘ϭϵϴϳ
ƐĞŶĞƐŝŶĚĞLJƺƌƺƌůƺŒĞŐŝƌĞŶ^ƂnjůĞƔŵĞ͛LJĞdƺƌŬŝLJĞƵŵŚƵƌŝLJĞƚŝϭϵϴϴLJŦůŦŶĚĂƚĂƌĂĨŽůŵƵƔƚƵƌ͘^ƂnjůĞƔŵĞ͛ŶŝŶ
ĂŵĂĐŦ͞ŬĂŵƵŐƂƌĞǀůŝƐŝŽůĂŶǀĞLJĂŬĂŵƵƐĂůďŝƌLJĞƚŬŝLJŝŬƵůůĂŶĂŶŬŝƔŝůĞƌƚĂƌĂĨŦŶĚĂŶǀĞLJĂďƵŬŝƔŝůĞƌŝŶƚĞƔǀiki, ƌŦnjĂƐŦǀĞLJĂŐƂnjLJƵŵŵĂƐŦŶĞƚŝĐĞƐŝŶĚĞŝƔůĞŶĞŶ͟ŝƔŬĞŶĐĞŶŝŶĐĞnjĂůĂŶĚŦƌŦůŵĂƐŦŶŦƐĂŒůĂŵĂŬƚŦƌ͘ƵĚƺnjĞnlemeye
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