close

Enter

Log in using OpenID

Description of Larger Benthic Foraminifera Species

embedDownload
Yerbilimleri, 35 (2), 137-150
Hacettepe Üniversitesi Yerbilimleri Uygulama ve Araştırma Merkezi Bülteni
Bulletin of the Earth Sciences Application and Research Centre of Hacettepe University
Description of Larger Benthic Foraminifera Species from the
Bartonian of Yakacık-Memlik Region (N Ankara, Central Turkey)
Yakacık-Memlik bölgesinin Bartoniyen iri bentik foraminiferlerinin tanımı
(K Ankara, Merkezi Türkiye)
ALİ DEVECİLER
Ankara University, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Geological Engineering, 06100 Tandoğan,
ANKARA
Geliş (received) : 05 Eylül (September) 2013
Kabul (accepted) : 21 Nisan (April) 2014
ABSTRACT
A. callosa Hottinger, A. fragilis Hottinger, A. fusiformis Sowerby, A. kieli Sirel & Acar, A. nuttalli (Davies), A. stercusmuris Mayer-Eymar and nummulitid species Nummulites malatyensis Sirel are described and figured from the
shallow-water marine limestone samples of Yakacık-Memlik region (N-Ankara, Central Turkey). Amongst all these
species the presence of A. fragilis, A. fusiformis and N. malatyensis represents the Bartonian stage in the studied
area. In addition, stratigraphic range of A. callosa, A. kieli, A. nuttalli and A. stercusmuris are discussed and probably a new Alveolina species A. n.sp are described and figured.
Key Words: Bartonian, benthic foraminifera, Alveolina, Yakacık-Memlik area, central Turkey.
ÖZ
Yakacık-Memlik bölgesinden alınan sığ su denizel kireçtaşı örnekleri içerisinde A. callosa Hottinger, A. fragilis Hottinger, A. fusiformis Sowerby, A. kieli Sirel&Acar, A. nuttalli (Davies), A. stercusmuris Mayer-Eymar ve bir nummulitid olan Nummulites malatyensis Sirel türleri tanımlanmıştır. Tespit edilen bu türler içerisinde A. fragilis, A.
fusiformis ve N. malatyensis’ in bulunması çalışma alnındaki Bartoniyen katının varlığını temsil etmektedir. Bunlara
ek olarak A. callosa, A. kieli, A. nuttalli ve A. stercusmuris’ in stratigrafik dağılımları tartışılmış ve muhtemelen yeni
bir tür olan A. n.sp. tanımlanmıştır.
Anahtar Kelimeler: Bartoniyen, bentik foraminifer, Alveolina, Yakacık-Memlik bölgesi, Merkezi Türkiye.
A. Deveciler
e-posta: [email protected]
138
Yerbilimleri
INTRODUCTION
So far, the existence of the marine Bartonian
sediments with shallow-water foraminiferal
species have previously not been reported
from the following related localities of the northern Ankara (Fig. 1, 2).
The primary purpose of this paper is to describe and figured the foraminiferal assemblage of
the Bartonian shallow water marine limestone
samples from the Yakacık-Memlik area, N. Ankara, Central Turkey.
The deformational properties of Upper Cretaceous-Tertiary rocks in the Orhaniye-Memlik
area were studied by Kazancı & Gökten (1986).
Gökten et al. (1988) examined the stratigraphy
and tectonics of late Cretaceous-Pliocene units
in the Bağlum-Kazan region in detail. A biostratigraphical study based on nannoplankton
in the flysch unit from the Cretaceous period
near Orhaniye-Memlik area was investigated
by Sağurlar & Toker (1990). Ocakoğlu & Çiner
(1995) studied the basin geometries of detailed
stratigraphic sections from the early Paleocene and Eocene units in order to examine the
sedimantary evolution of the Orhaniye-Güvenç
region. The paleogeographical and paleoclimatic conditions of the upper Cretaceous-Eocene
units were examinied through a study of clay
stratigraphy performed by Ocakoğlu (1998).
The Tertiary glomalveolinids and alveolinids found in the Orhaniye section northwest of in Turkey were studied by Sirel & Acar (2008). Büyükutku & Sarı (2011) further spent time studying
the diagenetic history of the upper Cretaceous
sandstone in the vicinity of Yakacık.
The examined samples were collected from the
yellowish argillaceous limestone of Gölbayırı
hillside. This limestone overlies the red coloured terrestrial lithologic units which consist of
conglomerate, sandstone, limestone and lava.
The Quaternary aluvion is the youngest unit
above all the lithologic units.
Despite some characteristic fossiles like Nummulites perforatus de Montford and N. brognianrti d’ Archiac and Haime have been detected,
the litostratigraphic units around Orhaniye vicinity were described in Lutetian by Gökten et
al (1988). But according to the study made by
Serra-Kiel (1998), these fossiles are the indicator benthic foraminiferas of Bartonian (SBZ 17).
Basically this study bases on the benthic foraminiferas in the limestone samples collected
from the Gölbayırı section. In these samples,
A. fragilis, A. fusiformis, A. callosa, A. aff. kieli,
A. stercusmuris, A. nuttalli, and N. malatyensis
were detected but especially A. fragilis, A. fusiformis and N. malatyensis indicates the Bartonian. In addition to these data, a new Alveolina
species was defined but because of the poor
axial thin sections the new name of the species
was not given.
All orianted axial and equatorial thin sections
were made from both isolated foraminiferal
specimens and rock samples. Every specimen
from plates 1-4 were subsequently deposited
in the collection at Ankara University, Faculty
of Engineering, Department of Geological Engineering.
SYSTEMATHIC PALEONTOLOGY
Family Alvolinidae (Alveolinidae)
1829
Ehrenberg,
Genus Alveolina d’Orbigny, 1826
Type species: Oryzaria boscii Defrance, in
Bronn, 1825
Alveolina fragilis Hottinger, 1960
(Plate 1, figs. 1, 3; Plate 2, figs. 1-2-5)
1960 Alveolina fragilis Hottinger, p. 170, pl. 16,
figs. 13, 14; pl. 17, figs. 14-16, 20; pl. 18, figs.
12-14, 20.
2008 Alveolina fragilis Hottinger, Sirel & Acar, p.
85, pl. 77, figs. 1-5; pl. 78, figs. 1-13.
Description:
Megalospheric form: The test has an elongated fusiform with pointed poles and an axial
diameter of 8,17-11,9 mm and an equatorial
diameter of 1,2-1,85 mm. The index of elongation is between 6,33-9,1. The diameter of
the ovoid proloculus ranges from 0,325 mm0,55 mm. The axial thickening of the fusiform
Deveciler
139
Figure 1.Location map of the investigation area
Şekil 1. İnceleme alanının yerbulduru haritası.
whorls gradually increase along the axial direction. In the equatorial sector, the whorls have
coiled tightly and the size of the chamberlets
show gradual growth. In the early section of the
whorls, however their cross sections are subcircular-circular, they become upright oval in
the later whorls.
Microspheric form: The elongated fusiform
test for this specimen has resulted in an axial diameter of 20,6 mm and an equatorial diameter of 1,3 mm at the 16th whorl, an index of
elongation measured at 9,8 for the 8th whorl
(similar with the holotype of Hottinger, 1960, pl.
17, fig. 14), and 15,84 for the 16th whorl. Elongated fusiform whorls follow the small proloculus. The other features are similar to previously
established megalospheric forms.
Stratigraphic and Geographic Distribution:
This elongated fusiform species indicates the
Bartonian (SBZ 17) according to Serra-Kiel et
al. (1998, p. 285, fig. 2). A. fragilis Hottinger
has been firstly described and figured from the
Bartonian (Biaritzien) type locality: Collines de
Verone (North of Italy). Also this form was described and figured in the Bartonian limestone of
Söğüt area (N. Bilecik) by Sirel & Acar (2008). In
this study A. fragilis was found together with A.
fusiformis, A. nuttalli and N. malatyensis in the
Bartonian argilaceous limestone of Gölbayırı
section (fig 3.) .
Alveolina fusiformis Sowerby, 1850
(Plate 1, fig. 2, 4; Plate 2, figs 3-4)
1850 Alveolina fusiformis Sowerby in Dixon, pl.
9, figs. 5a, b.
140
Yerbilimleri
Figure 2.Geologic map of the investigation are (rearranged from Gökten. et al 1988)
Şekil 2. İnceleme alanının jeolojik haritası (Gökten vd. 1988’ den düzenlenmiştir)
1960 Alveolina fusiformis Sowerby, Hottinger, p.
169, pl. 12, figs. 5-7; pl. 14, figs. 1-4; pl. 17, fig.
17; pl. 18, fig. 11, text fig. 94, figs.a-h.
1962 Alveolina fusiformis Sowerby, Adams, p.
48, pl. 1, figs. 1-5; pl. 2, figs. 1-12; pl. 3, figs.
1-7.
2008 Alveolina fusiformis Sowerby, Sirel & Acar,
p. 84, pl. 76, figs. 2-5.
Description: The megalospheric generation
with a fusiform test has an axial diameter of
6,65-19,6 mm and an equatorial diameter of
0,97-1,6 mm. The index of elongation is between 4,34-6,5. The subspherical proloculus
(0,325-0,65 mm in a diameter for the largest
specimens) is followed by fusiform to elongated whorls. The axial thickening of the basal layer is greater than that of the equatorial spirals
and increases gradually. The cross sections
of closely arranged chamberlets are sphericsubspheric in shape.
Remark: A. fusiformis was first described by
Sowerby in 1850 as a new alveolinid species
from the type locality (Bracklesham, England)
by having only an external view of free specimen of holotype. This species has been emended the specimens of topotype by Adams
(1962). According to Hottinger (1960), Adams
(1962), Drobne (1977), Serra-Kiel et al (1998)
and Sirel-Acar (2008) A. fusiformis is an indicator species of Bartonian. In comparison to the
samples form the Gölbayırı section, they both
resemble the Adam’s specimens.
Distrubution: The distrubution of this species
was given in A. fragilis part.
Alveolina callosa Hottinger, 1960
(Plate 3, figs. 1-4)
Deveciler
141
Figure 3.Cross section of Gölbayırı section (not-to-scaled)
Şekil 3. Gölbayırı kesitinin yatay kesiti (ölçeksizdir)
1960 Alveolina callosa Hottinger, p. 160, pl. 14,
figs. 18, 19; pl. 15, figs. 7-10.
small and their cross sections change from circular to subcircular.
2008 Alveolina callosa Hottinger, Sirel & Acar, p.
82, 83, pl. 75, figs. 7, 8.
Distribution: According to Serra-Kiel et al.
(1998) the subcylindirical form A. callosa is an
indicator alveolinid of SBZ 13 (early Lutetian). In
the argillaceous limestone of the Göl bayırı section, however, this species was found together
with Bartonian characteristic benthic foraminiferal forms, such as A. fragilis, A. fusiformis, N.
malatyensis and Fabiania sp. (pl 4, fig. 11) . As
a result of this biostratigraphic data the age of
A.callosa has been as a Bartonian.
Description: The megalospheric generation
has large, elongated subcylindrical test with an
axial diameter of 11-16,5 mm and equatorial diameter of 2,2-2,85 mm. The index of elongation
is between 3,96-6,6. The spheric to subspheric
proloculus (0,5-0,65 mm in diameter) is followed by elongated whorls. The axial thickening
increases gradually from the proloculus to the
last whorl. The basal layer of the equtorial sector remains thin with respect to the axial thickening. Closely arranged chamberlets are very
Alveolina aff. kieli Sirel, 2008
(Plate 3, figs. 5-6)
2008 Alveolina kieli Sirel, p. 81, pl. 74, figs. 1-3.
142
Yerbilimleri
Description: Two megalospheric generations
have a medium sized ovate test. The axial diameter ranges from 4,77-5,35 mm and has an
equatorial diameter of 3,075-3,55 mm. The index of elongation is 1,507-1,55. The spheric
proloculus (0,15-0,16 mm in diameter) is followed by 3-4 subspheric whorls of nepionic stage.
The complete axial section figured in (pl. 3, fig.
5) has 5 ovoid whorls of adult stage followed by
the 7 whorls of senile stage. The basal layer becomes thicker from proloculus to the pole and
and in the axial sector it is more thicker than the
equatorial sector. The size of the chamberlets
increase gradually to the last whorl. The cross
section of chamberlets are spheric to subspheric and become upright ovals in the last 4
whorls.
Remark: Although this form differs from A. kieli
Sirel&Acar with its thinner basal layer and more
ovate form, there are too many similarities between two of them. For this reason this form is
named as A. aff. kieli.
Distribution: A. kieli was first described and
figured by Sirel & Acar (2008) after being discovered in the Lutetian limestone of the Orhaniye
region. In this study, this ovate form was found
with the indicator benthic foraminiferas like A.
fragilis, A. fusiform and N. malatyensis from the
Bartonian , and such as, its age should range
from the Lutetian to Bartonian Age.
Alveolina stercusmuris Mayer-Eymar, 1886
(Plate 4, fig. 10)
1886 Alveolina stercusmuris Mayer-Eymar, (in
Hottinger, 1960a, p. 147; in Drobne, 1977, p.
50).
1977 Alveolina stercusmuris Mayer-Eymar,
Drobne, p. 50, pl. 10, figs. 12-14.
2008 Alveolina stercusmuris Mayer-Eymar, Sirel & Acar, p. 83-84, pl. 76, fig. 1.
2010 Alveolina stercusmuris Mayer-Eymar, Deveciler, p. 194, pl. 3, fig. 1.
Description: Only one well oriented axial section sample was obtained. Subcylindiric and medium sized test has 4,975 mm in axial diameter
and 2,75 mm in equatorial diameter. The index
of elongation is 1,88 at the 13 th whorl. The
subspheric proloculus with a diameter of 0,148
mm is followed by five tightly coiled subspheric to ovoid shaped whorls. The axial thickening
of the following 3-4 whorls is rather thick when
compared with the thickening of the equatorial
sector. The axial thickening becomes more narrow at the last 6 whorls of the senile stage. The
size of the chamberlets shows regular increasing from the first to the last whorl. Their cross
sections vary from the subsphaeric to upright
oval.
Distribution: This form was detected by Drobne in lower Lutetian of Pican-Slovenia (1977).
Therefor Sire&Acar (2008) found it in the limestone of the Akçadağ area, W Malatya with some
important indicator benthic foraminiferas of
Bartonian. Also A. stercusmuris was described
and figured by Deveciler (2010) in the Bartonian
limestone of Çayraz section with Nummulites
perforatus De Montford. In this study this alveolinid was found with A. fragilis, A. nuttalli, A.
fusiformis and N. malatyensis of Bartonian age.
Alveolina nuttalli (Davies, 1940)
(Plate 4, figs. 1-3)
1940 Alveolina elliptica nuttalli Davies, p. 219220, pl. 12, figs. 1-4.
1954 Alveolina elliptica flosculina Silvestri, Smout, p. 82-83, pl. 14, figs. 8-12.
1977 Alveolina (Alveolina) elliptica nuttalli Davies, Drobne, p. 50, pl. 10, figs. 9-11.
1993 Alveolina nuttalli (Davies), Samanta, p. 6572, pl. 10, figs. 1-5; pl. 11, figs. 2-3.
2010 Alveolina nuttalli (Davies), Deveciler, p.
194-195, pl. 3, figs. 2-5.
Description: Three well preserved axial sections of megalospheric forms have medium
sized test with ovoid and rounded poles in
shape. Axial diameter ranges from 4,32 mm
to 4,82 mm, equatorial diameter from 2,75
mm to 2,87mm and index of elongation from
1,7 to 1,76. Obviously three growth stages of
the shell can be observed. The small spheric
proloculus (0,135 mm-0,15 mm in diameter) is
followed by 4-5 ovoid whorls of nepionic stage,
2-3 ovoid flosculine of adult stage, and, finaly,
4-7 ovoid whorls of senile stage. The size of the
Deveciler
chamberlets increase gradually from the begining of the coiling to the last whorl. Their cross
sections changes from subspheric to ovoid.
Remark: This flosculinized alveolinid, which
is a well known and a common species of the
Bartonian, was described as A. elliptica nuttalli
by many autors in the past. Later, as claimed
in Deveciler (2010, p. 194-195) A. elliptica and
A. nuttalli are not the same in terms of different
growth stages and coiling features. As such,
the specimen in this study are described as A.
nuttalli for their the three growth stages and the
ovoid test.
Distrubution: This flosculine Alveolina was
described and figured by Drobne (1977) in the
lower Lutetian sediments of Pican-Slovenia.
Also the topotypes of this from was defined by
Samanta (1993) in the lithostratigraphic units of
the upper middle Eocene of Pulrada-India. Later
on it has been found in Bartonian limestone of
Çayraz section (Haymana-Turkey) with N. perforatus de Montford by Deveciler (2010). In this
study A. nuttalli was found with the A. fragilis, A.
fusiformis and N. malatyensis of Bartonian.
Alveolina n.sp.
(Plate 4, figs. 4-9)
Description: The megalospheric form has a
small sized ovoid test with rounded poles. The
axial diameter ranges from 2,075-3,1 mm and
equatorial diameter from 1,025-1,85 mm. The
index of elongation is 1,67-2,02. The subspheric proloculus (0,25-0,3 mm in diameter) is followed by 6 tightly coiled whorls of nepionic stage.
The thickness of basal layer increases gradually
to the last whorl of adult stage. There are 12
whorls in an axial diameter of 3,1 mm in diameter. The cross section of the chamberlets are
spheric and subsperic, and their size increases
gradually in proximity to the last whorls.
Remark: A. n.sp. is distinguished from all other Alveolina species of the Bartonian because
of smaller ovoid test and the tightly coiled first
3-4 whorls. This form differs from the A. archiaci Sirel and Acar (Sirel & Acar 2008; p. 59, pl.
46, figs. 11-14) of middle Cuisian in its rounded
poles and the different nepionic stage. Also, it
differs from the A. aff. colatiensis Drobne (Sirel
143
& Acar 2008, p. 72-72, pl. 54, figs. 2-5) in having ovoid test. Certanly this form is a new species of Alveolina but some features of the test
can not be seen clearly due to incomplete axial
sections. So that for the present this species
was described ad Alveolina n. sp.
Distribution: This form can be found together
with A. fragilis, A. fusiformis, A. nuttalli, A. stercusmuris and N. malatyensis of the Bartonian
in the yellow argilaceous limestone of the Gölbayırı hill.
Order Foraminiferida Eichwald, 1830
Family Nummulitidae de Blainville, 1827
Genus: Nummulites Lamarck, 1801
Type species: Camerina laevigata Brugiere,
1792
Nummulites malatyensis Sirel, 2003
(Plate 1, figs. 5-12)
2003 Nummulites malatyensis Sirel, p. 288289, pl. 1, figs. 1-8.
Description: The megalospheric form has a
inflated lenticular test with strongly rounded
periphery. A large central knob can be clearly
observed in the axial sections and radial septal
filaments cover the surface of the test. The diameter of the test is between 2,4-3,4 mm and
the thickness ranges from 1,5 mm to 1,75 mm.
The spheric-subspheric proloculus has a diameter of 0,25-0,3 mm. The subspheric deuteroconch (0,275 mm in diameter) is observed in an
one equatorial section (pl. 1, fig. 6). The spire is
thick in all whorls. The spire interval increases
gradually in 4 whorls than stays constant till the
last whorl (pl. 1, fig. 6). The very small chambers are aranged tighly and their heights are
similar with respect to their widths. The septa
are straight or slightly curved throughout the
ontogeny. There are 6 whorls in an axial section
measuring 3 mm in diameter (Fig. 4/6).
SeptaWhorl
151
182
283
144
Yerbilimleri
354
365
Distrubution: This typical Nummulites species
was first described and figured by Sirel (2003)
in Bartonian limestone of Develi section (Malatya). In this study this form was found with A.
fragilis and A. fusiformis of Bartonian.
DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSIONS
The current benthic foraminiferal zones presented by Serra-Kiel et al. (1998) were took in to
consideration for this study. According to the
authors, A. fragilis and A. fusiformis indicate the
SBZ 17 (early Bartonian). In addition, the inflated lenticular species N. malatyensis is described by Sirel (2003) as from the Bartonian and
obtained from the Develi section of the Malatya
region. In this study, subcylindirical alveolinid
is called A. stercusmuris, and was found in the
Darende section (Sirel & Acar, 2008) with A. fusiformis and A. elongata d’Orbigny and also in
the Çayraz section with N. perforatus (de Montfort) and A. nuttalli from the Bartonian by Deveciler (2010). Up to now present, A. callosa and
A. kieli has been reported amongst the Lutetian
alveolinids by Serra-Kiel et al. (1998) and Sirel
& Acar (2008). In this study the biostratigraphic
range of A. callosa and A. kieli are now shown
to extend to the Bartonian.
As a result of foregoing data, the samples of
argillaceous limestone containing A. fragilis, A.
fusiformis, A. callosa, A. kieli, A. nuttalli, A. stercusmuris, A. n.sp, and N. malatyensis form the
Göl bayırı section is attributed to the Bartonian
Age.
ACKNOWLEDGEMENT
The author would like to thank Dr. Ercüment
Sirel for kindly reviewing the draft manuscript
before submission to the journal.
REFERENCES
Adams, C. G., 1962. Alveolina form the Eocene of England. Micropaleontology, 8 (1),
48.
Büyükutku, A. & Sarı, A., 2011. The diagenesis
of Haymana sandstones (upper Cretaceous), Yakacık vicinity, Norhwest
of Ankara (Salt Lake basin), Turkey.
Energy Sources, Part A, 33, 795-804.
Davies, L. M., 1940. The Upper Khirtar beds of
North-West India. Quarterly Journal of
the Geological Society, 96, 199-230.
Deveciler, A., 2010. The first appearance of the
Bartonian benthic foraminifera at the
Çayraz Section (north of Haymana, south of Ankara, central Turkey). Yerbilimleri, 31 (3), 191-203.
Drobne, K., 1977. Alveolines Paleogenes de la
Slovenie et de l’Isrie. Memoires Suisses
de Paleontologie, 99, 1-132.
Gökten, E., Kazancı, N. & Acar, Ş., 1988. Ankara kuzeybatısında (Bağlum-Kazan arası)
geç Kretase-Pliyosen serilerinin stratigrafisi ve tektoniği. MTA Dergisi, 108,
69-81.
Hottinger, L., 1960a. Recherches sur les Alveolines du Paleocene et de Eocene. Memoires Suisses de Paleontologie, 7576, 236pp. + Atlas I-II.
Kazancı, N. & Gökten, E., 1986. Deformational
stages of the upper Cretaceous-Tertiary rocks in the area around Orhaniye
and Memlik villages-northwest Ankara.
Communications Fac. Sci. Univ. Ank.
Ser. C., 4, 129-138.
Ocakoğlu, F., 1998. Orhaniye bölgesi (Ankara
kuzeyi) üst Kretase-Eosen istifinin kil
stratigrafisi: Eski ortamsal ve iklimsel
koşullara ilişkin bazı ipuçları. Türkiye
Jeoloji Bülteni, 41(2), 31-39.
Ocakoğlu, F. & Çiner, A., 1995. Orhaniye-Güvenç (KB Ankara) karasal çökellerinin
Paleosen-Erken Eosen sedimanter evrimi. Türkiye Jeoloji Bülteni, 38(2), 53-66.
Sağurlar, E. K. & Toker, V., 1990. Orhaniye (KB
Ankara) yöresinin nannoplanktonlarla
Kretase biyostratigrafisi. Türkiye Jeoloji
Bülteni, 33, 57-78.
Samanta, B. K., 1993. Foraminiferal genus Alveolina d’Orbigny from the Middle Eocene Fulra Limestone of Cutch, Gujarat,
Deveciler
western India with observations on the
distrubution of the genus in the IndoPasific region. The Geological Mining
and Metallurgica Society of India, 57,
1-92.
Serra-Kiel, J., Hottinger, L., Caus, E., Drobne, K.,
Ferrandez, C., Jauhri, A. K., Pavlovec,
R., Pignatti, J., Samso, J. M., Schaub,
H., Sirel, E., Strougo, A., Tambareau, Y.,
Tosquella, J. & Zakrevskaya, E., 1998.
Larger foraminiferal biostratigraphy of
the Tethyan Paleocene and Eocene.
Bulletin de la Societe Géologique de
France, 169 (2), 281-299
Sirel, E., 2003. Foraminiferal description and
biostratiraphy of the Bartonian, Priabonian and Oligocene shallow-water
sediments of the soutern and eastern
Turkey. Revue de Paleobiologie, 22(1),
269-339.
Sirel, E. & Acar, Ş., 2008. Description and biostratigraphy of the Thanetian-Bartonian Glomalveolinids and Alveolinids
of Turkey. UCTEA The Chamber of
Geological Engineers Publication: 103
(Scientific Synthesis of the Life Long
Achivement).
Smout, A. H., 1954. Lower Tertiary foraminifera
of the Qatar peninsula. British Museum (Natural History), Jarrold and Sons
LTD., Norwich.
145
146
Yerbilimleri
PLATE 1
Bartonian, all figures from Gölbayırı section, fig. 1 x 18,8; figs. 2-4 x 20; figs. 5-12 x 10. Alveolina fragilis Hottinger:
fig. 1- Axial section of A form, M/4/28/2; fig. 2- Axial section of A form, M/4/22/1; fig. 3- Axial section of
A form, showing subspheric megalosphere, M/4/27/1; Alveolina fusiformis Sowerby: fig. 4- Axial section
of A-form, Gk/5/1; Nummulites malatyensis Sirel: fig. 5- Tangential section of A-form showing septal
filaments, M/4/13/1; fig. 6- Equatorial section of A-form showing proloculus and the spire, M/4/28/2; fig
7- Equatorial section of A-form, M/4/19/3; fig. 8- Axial section of A-form, M/4/32/2; fig. 9- Axial section
of A-form, M/4/19/4; Fig 10- Axial section of A-form, M/4/15/3; fig 11- Axial section of A-form showing
proloculus and thick pillar in the center of the test, M/4/15/2; fig 12- Axial section of A-form, M/4/32/1.
LEVHA1
Bartoniyen, bütün şekiller Gölbayırı kesitindendir, şek. 1 x 19,8; şek 2-4 x20; şek. 5-12 x 10. Alveolina fragilis
Hottinger: şek. 1- A formunun eksenel kesiti, M/4/28/2; şek. 2- A formunun eksenel kesiti, M/4/22/1; şek
3- Yarı küresel ilklocayı gösteren A formunun eksenel kesiti, M/4/27/1; Alveolina fusiformis Sowerby: şekç
4- A formunun eksenel kesiti, Gk/5/1; Nummulites malatyensis Sirel: şek. 5- A formu üzerindeki ağ şebekesini gösteren eksenel kesit, M/4/13/1; şek. 6- A formunun ilk loca ve spirini gösteren ekvatoryal kesit,
M/4/28/2; şek. 7- A formunun ekvatoryal kesiti, M/4/19/4; şek. 8- A formunun eksenel kesiti, M/4/32/2;
şek. 9- A formunun eksenel kesiti, M/4/19/4; şek. 10- A formunun eksenel kesiti, M/4/15/3; şek. 11- A
formunun ilk locasını ve merkezinde bulunan kalın sütunu gösteren eksenel kesit, M/4/15/2; şek. 12- A
formunun eksenel kesiti, M/4/32/1.
PLATE 2
Bartonian, all figures from Gölbayırı section, figs. 1-3, 4 x 20; fig. 5 x 10. Alveolina fusiformis Sowerby: fig. 1Axial section of A-form, M/4/18/1; fig. 3- Axial sectio of A-form, Gk/6/1; fig. 4- Axial section of A-form,
M/4/11/2; Alveolina fragilis Hottinger: fig. 2- Axial section of A-form, showing egg shape megaloshere,
Gk/6/1; fig 5- Axial section of B-form, M/4/5/1.
LEVHA 2
Bartoniyen, bütün şekiller Gölbayrı kesitindendir, şek. 1-3, 4 x 20; şek. 5 x 10. Alveolina fusiformis Sowerby: şek.
1- A formunun eksenel kesiti, M/4/18/1; şek. 3- A formunun eksenel kesiti, Gk/6/1; şek. 4- A formunun
eksenel kesiti, M/4/11/2; Alveolina fragilis Hottinger: şek. 2- A formunda yumurta-şekilli ilk locayı gösteren
eksenel kesit, Gk/6/1; şek 5- B formunun eksenel kesiti, M/4/5/1.
PLATE 3
Bartonian, all figures from Gölbayırı section, figs. 1-4 x 10; figs. 5-6 x 20. Alveolina callosa Hottinger: fig. 1- Axial
section of A-form, showing subspheric megalosphere and the axial thickening, M/4/6/1; fig. 2- Axial
section of A-form, M/4/20/1; fig. 3- Axial section of A-form, M/4/8/1a; fig. 4- Axial section of A-form,
M/4/29/1; Alveolina kieli Sirel: fig. 5- Axial section of A-form showing spheric megalosphere, M/4/2/1; fig.
6- Axial section of A-form, M/4/6/1.
LEVHA 3
Bartoniyen, bütün şekiller Gölbayrı kesitindendir, şek. 1-4 x 10; şek. 5-6 x20. Alveolina callosa Hottinger: şek. 1- A
formunuda eksenel kalınlaşmayı ve megalosiferi gösteren eksenel kesit, M/4/6/1; şek. 2- A formunun
eksenel kesiti, M/4/20/1; şek. 3- A formunun eksenel kesiti, M/4/8/1a; şek. 4- A formunun eksenel kesiti,
M/4/29/1; Alveolina kieli Sirel: şek. 5- Küresel megalosiferi gösteren eksenel kesit, M/4/2/1; şek. 6- A formunun eksenel kesiti, M/4/6/1.
PLATE 4
Bartonian, all figures from Gölbayırı section, figs. 1-10 x 20; fig. 11 x 10; fig 12 x 30. Alveolina nuttalli (Davies):
fig. 1- Axial section of A-form, showing three growth stages, M/4/9/2; fig. 2- Axial section of A-form,
M/4/14/1; fig. 3- Incomplate axial section of A-form, M/4/28/1; Alveolina n.sp.: fig. 4- Nearly axial section
of A-form, showing spheric megalosphere and thight early whorls, M/4/12/1; fig. 5- Nearly axial section
of A-form, M/4/19/2; fig. 6- Incomplate axial section of A-form, M/4/4/1; fig. 7- Incomplate axial section
with deformated proloculus of A-form, M/4/18/3; fig. 8- Incomplate axial section of A-form, M/4/5/2; fig.
9- Incomplate axial section of A-form, M/4/26/1; Alveolina stercusmuris Mayer-Eymar: fig. 10- Axial section of A-form, M/4/1/1; Fabiania sp.: fig. 11- Vertical section of A-form?, M/4/15/1; Linderina sp.: Axial
section of A-form, Gk/5/2.
LEVHA 4
Bartoniyen, bütün şekiller Gölbayrı kesitindendir, şek. 1-10 x20; şek. 11x 10; şek 12 x30. Alveolina nuttalli (Davies):
şek. 1- Üç büyüme evresini de gösteren A formunun eksenel kesiti, M/4/9/2; şek. 2- A formunun eksenel kesiti, M/4/14/1; şek. 3- A formunun tamamlanmamış eksenel kesiti, M/4/28/1; şek. 6- A formunun
tamamlanmamış eksenel kesiti, M/4/4/1; şek. 7- A formunun bozulmuş ilk locasının göründüğü tamamlanmamış eksenel kesiti, M/4/18/3; şek. 8- A formunun tamamlanmamış eksenel kesiti, M/4/5/2; şek. 9- A
formunun tamamlanmamış eksenel kesiti, M/4/26/1; Alveolina stercusmuris Mayer-Eymar: fig. 10- A formunun eksenel kesiti, M/4/1/1; Fabiania sp.: şek. 11- A ? formunun düşey kesiti, M/4/15/1; Linderina sp.:
A formunun eksenel kesiti, Gk/5/2.
Deveciler
PLATE 1 / LEVHA 1
147
148
Yerbilimleri
PLATE 2 / LEVHA 2
Deveciler
PLATE 3 / LEVHA 3
149
PLATE 4 / LEVHA 4
Author
Document
Category
Uncategorized
Views
1
File Size
1 400 KB
Tags
1/--pages
Report inappropriate content