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19.Branimir Mikic

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Mikic, B., et. al: TRANSFORMATION EFFECTS OF PARTIAL...
PESH 1(2012) 1:115-118
TRANSFORMATION EFFECTS FROM PARTIAL QUANTITATIVE
DIFFERENCES OF MOTOR ABILITIES OF STUDENTS WITH
SPECIAL NEEDS
UDC:796.034-056.26-057.874
(Original scientific paper)
Branimir Mikic1, Danilo Bojanic2, Jasmin Mehinovic1, Alija Biberovic1,
Biljana Mikic3
1Faculty of Physical Education and Sport, University of Tuzla
2Faculty of Physical Education and Sport, Nikšiæ
3 Independent researcher
Abstract:
The study was conducted on a sample of 46 students. The main objective of this study was to determine
the partial quantitative changes (differences) of motor skills of students with special needs under the influence of applied kinesiology operator. A system of 16 variables was implemented to assess the motor abilities. Based on the results of t-test for dependent samples showed that the applied kinesiology operators
produced statistically significant partial quantitative changes (differences) in the motor skills of students
with special needs.
Keywords: students, motor skills, physical education operators, transformation, quantitative differences.
INTRODUCTION
Physical and health education is a complex
educational process that represents the part of
institutionalized education and part of family education. Physical and health education as an integral
part of the educational - learning process in
schools has a basic task to apply appropriate kinetic operators in order to achieve the positive impact
on transformation processes, and all dimensions of
anthropological status.
The population of students with special needs is
one of the links in the chain complex educational
and social impact of systematic physical and health
education which are subjected to new generations
(Mikic et al. 2008).
For the majority of students with special needs
teaching physical and health education is the only
form of organized movement activities, which can
have positive effects on preventing all the more
pronounced hypo kinesis and handicap status.
The main objective of this study was determination of partial quantitative changes in motor
abilities of children with special needs under the
influence of applied kinesiology operator.
METHOD
The sample
The study was conducted on a sample of 46 students of the Center for Children and Youth with
Special Needs “Los Rosales” Mostar and living
facilities for children with special needs in Niksic.
Sample of variables
Variables to assess motor skills
Taping hand, Taping foot, Taping foot of the wall,
Explosive power-start-high 20 yards, Long jump
from place, High Jump (Sarđent), Repetitive
power-lifting body 30 seconds, Deep squats,
Enduring the knuckle, Coordination -side steps,
Long jump backwards, bend-touch, Zigzag run lox
5 m, Flexibility - bend while standing on a bench,
Flex with a rod, Bend from sitting.
Methods of data processing
In order to determine the quantitative difference
of partial (partial quantitative effects of program)
between the initial and final measurements of the
motor skills of students with special needs, univariant level of testing was applied (t-test for
dependent samples).
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Mikic, B., et. al: TRANSFORMATION EFFECTS OF PARTIAL...
PESH 1(2012) 1:115-118
Table 1.
Mean
MBFTAR
MBFTARF
MBFTAN
MBFTANF
MBFTNZ
MBFTNZF
MEST20M
MEST20MF
MESSDM
MESSDMF
MESSAR
MESSARF
MRSPTT
MRSPTTF
MRSDUÈ
MRSDUÈF
MRSIZZ
MRSIZZF
MKOKUS
MKOKUSF
MKOSDN
MKOSDNF
MKOPZD
MKOPZDF
MKT10x5
MKT10x5F
MFLPRK
MFLPRKF
MFISKP
MFISKPF
MFLPSR
MFLPSRF
12,98
16,41
10,26
13,24
8,72
12,93
5,00
4,59
92,33
126,89
24,76
31,54
10,07
16,22
18,07
20,78
4,02
8,09
30,88
26,30
28,85
43,50
9,39
12,74
29,42
24,17
2,35
4,00
63,59
56,57
62,87
65,41
N
Std. Deviation
46,00
46,00
46,00
46,00
46,00
46,00
46,00
46,00
46,00
46,00
46,00
46,00
46,00
46,00
46,00
46,00
46,00
46,00
46,00
46,00
46,00
46,00
46,00
46,00
46,00
46,00
46,00
46,00
46,00
46,00
46,00
46,00
2,52
3,50
1,87
2,50
2,32
2,92
0,40
0,53
24,81
24,05
5,13
5,17
2,77
4,10
3,78
3,31
2,40
4,17
3,64
2,75
6,80
7,93
2,01
2,68
2,25
2,63
4,00
4,62
7,04
5,22
6,59
7,89
Std. Error
Mean
0,37
0,52
0,28
0,37
0,34
0,43
0,06
0,08
3,66
3,85
0,76
0,76
0,41
0,61
0,56
0,49
0,35
0,62
0,54
0,41
1,00
1,17
0,30
0,39
0,33
0,39
0,59
0,68
1,04
0,77
0,97
1,16
health education, produced a statistically significant partial quantitative effects applied to all variables except the variables MFLPRK-bend on the
bench and variables MFLPSR - bend from sitting.
It suggests that the applied program of work had
certain disadvantages in terms of choice of kinetic
operator for the development of flexibility.
INTERPRETATION OF RESULTS
Analysis of quantitative change (T-test) of
motor skills of students with special needs
On the basis of the mean of motor capabilities
of the initial and final measurements of the samples of students with special needs (Table 1) and
based on the significance of changes (differences)
tested by the T-test for paired samples (Table 2), it
is evident that the applied program of physical and
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Mikic, B., et. al: TRANSFORMATION EFFECTS OF PARTIAL...
PESH 1(2012) 1:115-118
Table 2.
Mean
MBFTAR –
MBFTARF
MBFTAN –
MBFTANF
MBFTNZ –
MBFTNZ F
MEST20M MEST20MF
MESSDM –
MESSDM F
MESSAR –
MESSAR F
MRSPTT –
MRSPTT F
MRSDUÈ –
MRSDUÈ F
MRSIZZ –
MRSIZZ F
MKOKUS –
MKOKUS F
MKOSDN –
MKOSDNF
MKOPZD –
MKOPZD F
MKT10x5 –
MKT10x5 F
MFLPRK –
MFLPRK F
MFISKP –
MFISKP F
MFLPSR –
MFLPSR F
Std.
Deviation
Std.
Error
Mean
95% Confidence
Interval of the
Difference
t
df
Sig. (2tailed)
-3,43
4,61
0,68
-4,80
-2,07
-5,06
45,00
0,00
-2,98
2,89
0,43
-3,84
-2,12
-6,98
45,00
0,00
-4,22
3,88
0,57
-5,37
-3,07
-7,38
45,00
0,00
0,41
0,71
0,10
0,20
0,62
3,90
45,00
0,00
-34,57
33,26
4,90
-44,44
-24,69
-7,05
45,00
0,00
-6,78
7,75
1,14
-9,08
-4,48
-5,94
45,00
0,00
-6,15
5,02
0,74
-7,64
-4,66
-8,32
45,00
0,00
-2,72
5,68
0,84
-4,40
-1,03
-3,25
45,00
0,00
-4,07
5,22
0,77
-5,61
-2,52
-5,29
45,00
0,00
4,57
5,12
0,75
3,05
6,10
6,06
45,00
0,00
-14,65
12,54
1,85
-18,38
-10,93
-7,93
45,00
0,00
-3,35
3,89
0,57
-4,50
-2,19
-5,84
45,00
0,00
5,25
3,92
0,58
4,08
6,41
9,07
45,00
0,00
-1,65
6,72
0,99
-3,65
0,34
-1,67
45,00
0,10
7,02
7,59
1,12
4,77
9,28
6,27
45,00
0,00
-2,54
10,72
1,58
-5,73
0,64
-1,61
45,00
0,12
ly significant partial quantitative changes (differences) in all the motor skills of students with special needs except the variables of flexibility. It is
assumed that the applied program of work had certain disadvantages in terms of choice of kinetic
operator for the development of flexibility.
CONCLUSION
The main objective of this study was to determine the partial quantitative changes (effects) of
motor abilities of children with special needs under
the influence of applied kinesiology operator.
Based on the results of t-test, it is evident that the
applied kinesiology operators produced statistical-
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Mikic, B., et. al: TRANSFORMATION EFFECTS OF PARTIAL...
PESH 1(2012) 1:115-118
LITERATURE
Annelies, B. i B. Todorović(1984). O dominirajućoj ulozi motorike na razvoj umjerene i teško mentalno- retardirane djece. Beograd.
Bala, G.(1981). Struktura i razvoj morfoloških i motoričkih dimenzija djece SAP Vojvodine. Novi Sad. Fakultet za
fizičku kulturu univerziteta u Novom Sadu,
Bjeković, Tanović, Koničanin, Arnaut (2010). Bodi kompozitna analiza tjelesne građe uz pomoć BODI COMPOSITION ANALYZERA “TANITA” TBF – 300 A, kod djece s posebnim potrebama. VI Kongres I VII
Međunarodna naučna konferencija Crnogorske sportske akademije. “Sport Mont” Podgorica. Crnogorska
Sportska Akademija. “Sport Mont” (2011) – Časopis za sport, fizičko vaspitanje I zdravlje. Br.
25,26,27./VIII,str.53
Dašeu, A.(1994). Psihijatarski poremećaji djece i mladeži sa mentalnom retardacijom. Zagreb. Defektologija.
Br. 30-2, str.169-185.
Došen,A., Kocijan,D., Kozarić, D.(2001). Mentalna retardacija, Zagreb.
Mikić, B. (1999), Testiranje i mjerenje u sportu. Tuzla. Filozofski fakultet.
Mikić, B., Tanović,I., Bjeković,G.(2008). Transformacije bazično motoričkih sposobnosti djece s posebnim
potrebama pod uticajem primjenjenog plana i programa rada u nastavi tjelesnog i zdravstvenog odgoja.Banja
Luka. II Međunarodni simpozij Ekologije, sporta i zdravlja. Akademija nauka RS.
Mikić, B., Tanović, I.(2008). Kvantitativne promjene motoričkih sposobnosti uvjetovane kineziološkim operatorima kod djece s posebnim potrebama. Herceg Novi. V Međunarodna konferencija Sporta i zdravlja.
Akademija nauka Crne Gore.
Mikić,B., Biberović, A., Mačković,S.(2001), Univerzalna škola sporta. Tuzla. Filozofski fakultet Univerziteta u
Tuzli,
Tanović, I., Bratovčić, V. Hodžić, Z.(2009). Utvrđivanje nivoa kvalitativnih i kvantitativnih promjena motoričkih
sposobnosti uvjetovanih kineziološkim operatorima kod uučenica s posebnim potrebama. Tuzla. I
Correspondence:
Branimir Mikic
Faculty of Physical Education and Sport,
University of Tuzla
Tuzla, BIH
mail:[email protected]
118
Mikic, B., et. al: TRANSFORMATION EFFECTS OF PARTIAL...
PESH 1(2012) 1:115-118
TRANSFORMACISKI EFEKTI OD PARCIJALNITE KVANTITATIVNI
PROMENI NA MOTORNITE SPOSOBNOSTI KAJ U^ENIICTE SO
POSEBNI POTREBI
UDK:796.034-056.26-057.874
(Originalen nau~en trud)
Branimir Miki}1, Danilo Bojani}2, Jasmin Mehinovi}1, Alija Biberovi}1,
Biljana Miki}3
1Fakultet za fizi~ko obrazovanie i sport, Univerzitet vo Tuzla
2Fakultet za fizi~ko obrazovanie i sport, Nik{i}
3 Nezavisen istra`uva~
Apstrakt:
Istra`uvaweto e realizirano na primerok od 46 izpitanici. Cel na istra`uvawto e da
se utvrdat kvantitativnite promeni (razliki) vo motornite sposobnosti kaj
u~enicite so posebni potrebi pod vlijanie na odredeni kineziolo{ki operatori. Za
realizirawe na celite na istra`uvaweto primeneti se 16 varijabli za procenuvawe na
motornite sposobnosti. Od dobienite rezultati od t-testot za zavisni primeroci
mo`e da se konstatira deka kineziolo{kite operatori pridonele za kvalitativni
statisti~ki zna~ajni promeni vo motori~kite sposobnosti kaj u~enicite so posebni
potrebi.
Klu~ni zborovi:u~enici, fizi~ko obrazovanie, kineziolo{ki operatori, transformacija, kvalitativni razliki.
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