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Scientific Direction
Antonello Folco Biagini
Giovanna Motta
Centro di ricerca Cooperazione con l'Eurasia, il Mediterraneo
e l'Africa sub sahariana
Facoltà di Lettere e Filosofia
Dipartimento di Storia, Culture, Religioni
Editing
Antonello Battaglia
Diana Shendrikova
Anida Sokol
SCIENTIFIC COMMITTEE
Dominique Arel, Ottawa University
Annette Becker, Paris West University Nanterre La Défense, Museum of
the Great War and Research Centre
Francesco Benvenuti, University of Bologna
Antonello Folco Biagini, Sapienza University of Rome
Stefano Bianchini, University of Bologna, Center for East-Central European
and Balkan Studies
Paola Carucci, Manager of Historical Archives of the President of the
Republic
Mariam Chkhartishvili, Ivane Javakhishvili, Tbilisi State University
Daniele Conversi, University of the Basque Country and Ikerbasque, Bilbao
Roberto Pasca di Magliano, Sapienza University of Rome
Pasquale Fornaro, University of Messina
Ljubomir Frčkoski, St. Cyril and Methodius University, Skopje
Altay Goyushov, Baku State University
Ivo Goldstein, University of Zagreb, Ambassador of Croatia to France
Cesare La Mantia, University of Trieste
Mark Levene, University of Southampton
Andre Liebich, Graduate Institute of International and Development Study,
Geneva
Giovanna Motta, Sapienza University of Rome
Mario Morcellini, Sapienza University of Rome
Matteo Pizzigallo, University of Naples Federico II
Julius H. Schoeps, Moses Mendelssohn Centre for European Jewish
Studies, Potsdam
Stanislaw Sierpowski, University of Poznan
Cornel Sigmirean, Petru Maior University of Târgu-Mureş
Roberto Sinigaglia, University of Genoa
Zafer Toprak, Bosphorus University, Istanbul
Luciano Tosi, University of Perugia
John Treadway, University of Richmond
Lucio Ubertini, IHP Unesco – Italian Committee
STEERING COMMITTEE
Antonello Battaglia
Andrea Carteny
Giovanna Motta
Gabriele Natalizia
Diana Shendrikova
Anida Sokol
Alessandro Vagnini
GENERAL INFORMATION AND PROGRAM
HOW TO GET HERE
FROM FIUMICINO AIRPORT "LEONARDO DA VINCI"
BY TRAIN:
(recommended): The best option is to take the no-stop train
“Leonardo Express” to Termini station (travel time: about 30 minutes),
which costs 14 euro. From Termini follow the instructions below. The train
timetable and fares can be found on the TRENITALIA website.
BY TAXI: The official fixed rate (all included) from Fiumicino airport to any
destination within the ancient Roman walls (Mura Aureliane), including
Sapienza campus, is 48 euro. To Sapienza campus it takes about 50
minutes.
FROM CIAMPINO AIRPORT "G. B. PASTINE"
(recommended): Connections to Termini station (in about 30-40
minutes) by the bus services ATRAL, COTRAL, SIT and TERRAVISION
companies. The fare is about 5 euro. From Termini follow the instructions
below.
BY TAXI: The official fixed rate (all included) from Ciampino airport to any
destination within the ancient Roman walls (Mura Aureliane), including
Sapienza campus, is 30 euro. The ride to Sapienza campus takes about 30
minutes.
BY BUS
FROM TERMINI TRAIN STATION:
The campus is located within 15 minutes walking distance from Termini
station. Leave the station through the right side exit (Via Marsala) and
follow these directions. Alternatively take one of the taxi cabs outside the
front entrance of the station.
7
PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION:
SUBWAY: Take the Line B and stop at Castro Pretorio. The campus is within
10 minutes walking distance.
BUS: Several bus lines stop in the streets around the campus. The ticket
price for a single ride is 1.50 euro and they need to be purchased in
advance. To plan your trip, visit the ATAC website.
USEFUL LINKS:
PUBLIC TRAIN NETWORK:
http://www.fsitaliane.it/homepage_en.html
FIUMICINO AIRPORT:
http://www.adr.it/web/aeroporti-di-roma-en-/pax-fco-fiumicino
8
CIAMPINO AIRPORT:
http://www.adr.it/web/aeroporti-di-roma-en-/pax-cia-ciampino
BUS AND SUBWAY PUBLIC NETWORK:
http://www.atac.roma.it/index.asp?lingua=ENG
9
SAPIENZA CAMPUS MAP
10
DETAILS:
The panels will take place at Sapienza-University of Rome, Piazzale Aldo
Moro 5, 00185 Rome, in five different rooms (Aula).
Faculty of Humanities (Facoltà di Lettere e Filosofia), ground floor:
AULA I, AULA II, AULA III.
Faculty of Humanities (Facoltà di Lettere e Filosofia), floor –1
Aula “a vetri”.
The Rectorate Building, ground floor: Aula Organi Collegiali
CONFERENCE FLOOR MAP: GROUND FLOOR
11
CONFERENCE FLOOR MAP: - 1 FLOOR
12
CONFERENCE FLOOR MAP: RECTORATE BUILDING
13
CONFERENCE FLOOR MAP: RECTORATE BUILDING–AULA ORGANI COLLEGIALI
14
REGISTRATION, DINNER, LUNCH
REGISTRATION:
Registration will be held at the Faculty of Humanities (Facoltà di
Lettere e Filosofia), on the ground floor. The Information desk
will be open on Thursday starting from 12:30 and Friday starting
from 9:00.
DINNER:
June 19, 20:30. The dinner will be held near the University at
Casa dell’Aviatore, Viale dell’Università 20, 00185 Rome. Dinner
and lunch are included in the price of the participation fee.
LUNCH:
June 20, 13:15-14:30. The lunch will be served at the campus of
Sapienza-University of Rome, Rectorate Buildig - aula degli
Organi Collegiali.
15
16
Full Program
JUNE 19, 2014
18
19
20
OPENING OF THE CONFERENCE
Antonello Folco Biagini
Vice Rector, Sapienza University of Rome
June 19, 2014
AULA I
15:00
June 19, 2014
AULA I
15:15-16:45
Session A
THEORY, HISTORIOGRAPHY, MEMORY
Panel A-1
CHAIRMAN
ANTONGIULIO DE’ ROBERTIS
ALEXANDER TSURTSUMIA
Geopolitical Changes Before and After
WWI
DMITRY SHLAPENTOKH
WWI and the Birth of Russian
Eurasianism
MARTA TURKOT
The Memory of World War I: Diverse
European Perspective
VALERIO TORREGGIANI
Decentralizing Political Powers: G.D.H.
Cole and the Guild Socialism Reaction
Against the State (1915-1919)
ALBERTO BECHERELLI
Remembering Gavrilo Princip
23
June 19, 2014
AULA I
17:00-18:30
Session A
THEORY, HISTORIOGRAPHY, MEMORY
Panel A-2
CHAIRMAN
ALESSANDRO SAGGIORO
RADU MÂRZA
NIKOLA BECKER
ELENA DUNDOVICH
MATTIA GUSELLA
NATALIA TRUBNIKOVA
OKSANA V. PETROVSKAYA
24
Year 1914 Reflected in Romanian
Historiography
Writing about World War I after the
Holocaust – Autobiographies of
German Jews
Russian Memory of the First World
War
Rethinking the Great War: The Case of
Padua
World War I and the Russian
Revolution of 1917: Frames and
Debates in Russian Studies’
Historiography
The Origin of World War I in the
Modern Historiography of PostCommunist Eastern Europe
June 19, 2014
AULA II
15:15-16:45
Session B
NATIONALITIES AND MINORITIES
Panel B-1
CHAIRMAN
GIUSEPPE MOTTA
MARK LEVENE
DANIELE CONVERSI
FRANCESCA DI GIULIO
EHUD MANOR
MARTIN ARNDT
Armenians and Jews and the
Crystallization of the Minorities
Question during World War I
Prelude to Obliteration: Minorities,
Cultural Homogenization and the
Modern State’s Eliminationist Drive
The Uprooting of a Community: The
Armenian Catholics of Cilicia
The War to End all Wars and Then
What?: Some Jewish Insights into the
“Jewish Question,” New York and
Stockholm, 1915-1919
Ideological Debate on Aspects of Jewish
Identity
25
June 19, 2014
AULA II
17:00-18:30
Session B
NATIONALITIES AND MINORITIES
Panel B-2
CHAIRMAN
MARK LEVENE
PASQUALE FORNARO
Loyalty to the Hasburgs or Slavic
Solidarity? Masaryk’s Dilemma in 1914
GIUSEPPE MOTTA
The Great War and the Jews in Eastern
Europe
RUSLAN ASLANOVICH
TLEPTSOK
World War I: The Perception of Russian
Muslims
MARIAM CHKHARTISHVILI
ZURAB TARGAMADZE
SOPIO KADAGISHVILI
The Impulse of the Great War on the
Georgian Identity Development
26
June 19, 2014
AULA III
15:15-16:45
Session C
ARMIES AT WAR:
STRUCTURES, OPERATIONS, INNOVATIONS
Panel C-1
CHAIRMAN
DONATELLA STRANGIO
LJUBOMIR FRČKOSKI
ALEKSANDAR STOJČEV
The Macedonian Front in the Great
War
ANNA KATTI
Greece and the Macedonian Front in
World War I
ANDREEA EMILIA DUȚĂ
The Battles for the Moldavian Gates
ANTON VACHARADZE
FEDERICO CIAVATTONE
The Caucasus Front During World
War I According to the Materials
Kept in the National Archives of
Georgia
The Royal Carabinieri in the First
World War: The Case of Vittorio
Bellipanni and the Carabinieri
Section of the 45th Infantry Division
on the Isonzo Front
27
VANDA WILCOX
The Idea of “Duty” and Military
Service in the First World War
June 19, 2014
AULA III
17:00-18:30
Session C
ARMIES AT WAR:
STRUCTURES, OPERATIONS, INNOVATIONS
Panel C-2
CHAIRMAN
ANDREA GIANNOTTI
PATRICK CAVALIERE
IONELA ZAHARIA
28
The Italian Magistracy and the Great
War 1915-1918: Political Criminal
Justice and the Concept of the
Personality of the State
The Romanian Military Clergy from
Austria-Hungary: Their Activities in the
Prisoner-of-War Camps (POWC) during
World War I
AGNESE ACCATTOLI
FRANCESCA
ROMANA LENZI
The Forgotten Prisoners: Russian
Soldiers of the Great War in the Asinara
Concentration Camp (1918-1920)
The Role of Sezione R of the High
Command Information Service during
the Great War in the Documents of the
Italian Army Historical Office
June 19, 2014
AULA a Vetri
15:15-16:45
Session C
ARMIES AT WAR:
STRUCTURES, OPERATIONS, INNOVATIONS
Panel C-3
CHAIRMAN
STEFANO BIANCHINI
JACOPO LORENZINI
MARCO CRISTANTE
Planned War and Actual War:
General Staff Officers, Junior Officers
and Non-Commissioned Officers of
the Italian Royal Army and the
Impact on the Great War
29
DAVID BURIGANA
ALESSANDRO
MARRONE
ANTONELLO BATTAGLIA
METIN VENXHA
GIUSEPPE PERRI
CESARE LA MANTIA
30
The Lack of Innovation,
Representation, Myth and Realty of a
“Mass” Technology: The Airplane and
the Great War
The Great War and the Rise of Air
Power: An Italian Perspective
From Titan against the Titans: The
Republic of San Marino and the
Great War
Albania during the First World War:
The Autonomous Region of Korçë
The Peace on the Eastern Front and
the Hetmanate of Skoropads’kyj
(April-November 1918) in the
Ukrainian Sources
Danzig’s Issue in the Files of the
Italian Military Mission to Poland
and Italian Military Representatives
in the Inter-Allied Commissions
June 19, 2014
AULA a Vetri
17:00-18:30
Session C
ARMIES AT WAR:
STRUCTURES, OPERATIONS, INNOVATIONS
Panel C-4
CHAIRMAN
MATTEO PIZZIGALLO
The Italian Red Cross in WWI: An
ALESSANDRO PISTECCHIA Analysis of a Volunteer Nursing
Unit’s Role
A Different View? Reflexes of
Militarism and World War One in
MAIKE ROTZOLL
Works of Psychiatric Inmates in the
Prinzhorn Collection
ALESSANDRO VAGNINI
STEFANO ORAZI
Mad in the Mud: Psychiatry and the
War on the Italian Front
Mobilization for War: The Health
Service in the Support of the Italian
Forces in the Archive of the
Historical Office of the Italian Navy
31
June 20, 2014
AULA Organi Collegiali
(Rectorate Building – ground floor)
10:00-11:30
Session D
COMMUNICATION, PROPAGANDA, PERCEPTION
Panel D-1
CHAIRMAN
MARIO MORCELLINI
TAMÁS MESZERICS
CATERINA BASSETTI
KAMIL RUSZAŁA
MANRICA ROTILI
32
How to Vilify an Unexpected Enemy?
Italy in the Hungarian Press, May
1915
World War I Propaganda on the
Home Front in Britain and America
War Cemeteries in Galicia as a
Heritage of the Great War: Between
Commemoration and Propaganda
The Power of Images/The Images of
Power: A Study about the
Iconographic Propaganda of the
First World War and about its
Legacies in the Modern Era
June 20, 2014
AULA Organi Collegiali
(Rectorate Building – ground floor)
11:45-14:30
Session D
COMMUNICATION, PROPAGANDA, PERCEPTION
Panel D-2
CHAIRMAN
ANDREA CARTENY
SANDA KOČEVAR
For the King and Home: Karlovac
Citizens Helping the Needy
GIANLUCA PASTORI
A Long Winter of Discontent: Politics
and Culture in Italy on the Eve of
World War I
CAROLINA GARCÍA SANZ
FRANCESCO GUI
British Merchant Communities in
Neutral Italy (1914-1915): a Case of
Mobilization from Below
The Great War and Europeanism: A
Decisive Experience
33
June 20, 2014
AULA Organi Collegiali
(Rectorate Building – ground floor)
14:30-16:00
Session D
COMMUNICATION, PROPAGANDA, PERCEPTION
Panel D-3
CHAIRMAN
PATRICK CAVALIERE
34
ANDREA CARTENY
The Intervention of Volunteers for the
French Front (1914)
FABIO DI GIANNATALE
“The Most Terrible Tragedies Have
Fallen on Europe”: The Great War
Commented by La Civiltà Cattolica
ROBERTO SCIARRONE
Reportage and Italian Journalism
during the Great War
VALENTINA MARIANI
The Flight of Images and Words: The
Aviation Press during the First World
War
RAFFAELE RIVIECCIO
The First Cinematographic War
June 20, 2014
AULA II
10:00-11:30
Session E
POLITICS AND INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS
Panel E-1
CHAIRMAN
MARIAM CHKHARTISHVILI
JASMIN HASIĆ
The United Kingdom’s Foreign Policy
before World War I (1901-1914)
DAVID SARKISYAN
Anglo-German Relations 1871-1918:
The Steam Engine of War
GABRIELE NATALIZIA
The Security Dilemma in the Balance
of the European Great Powers
ENRICO MAGNANI
Neutral Nations, Institutions Building
and Security Sector Reforms in the
Period of WWI
CATERINA CISCATO
Austrian Foreign Policy during the
Treaties of Peace
35
June 20, 2014
AULA II
11:45-13:00
Session E
POLITICS AND INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS
Panel E-2
CHAIRMAN
GABRIELE NATALIZIA
MARIA FERNANDA ROLLO Portuguese Africa and the First
ANA PAULA PIRES
World War (1914-1918)
ROBERTO REALI
MICHAŁ LEŚNIEWSKI
DIANA SHENDRIKOVA
DOMENICO IERARDO
STEFANO PELAGGI
36
Italian and German Colonies during
the First World War
The Great War and its Influence on
the Development of Afrikaner
(Boer) Nationalism, 1914-1918
Japan and WWI
The First World War Seen by Latin
America: The Economic and Social
Impact of the Conflict in Argentina
The Italian Community in Latin
America and the Great War:
Migrant Associations and the
“Voluntary” Participation in the
Conflict
June 20, 2014
AULA II
14:30-16:00
Session E
POLITICS AND INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS
Panel E-3
CHAIRMAN
FABIO L. GRASSI
VALENTINA SOMMELLA
JĘDRZEJ PASZKIEWICZ
ROBERTA DE’ ROBERTIS
SALVATORE SANTANGELO
ANA ŽIVKOVIĆ
Italian Diplomacy Facing the
Irredentist Movement at the
Beginning of the Great War
Strategic Background of Greece’s
Participation in the Great War
(1914-1917): Internal and Foreign
Context
The Sixtus Affair: A Separate Peace
The Easter Rising: A National
Uprising in the Heart of the Great
War
Montenegro off the Map: Britain
and the Disappearance of
Independent Montenegro 19141921
37
June 20, 2014
AULA III
10:00-11:30
Session F
INTELLECTUALS AND HISTORIOGRAPHICAL DEBATE
Panel F-1
CHAIRMAN
DANIELE CONVERSI
MARTINA BITUNJAC
ELENA DUMITRU
ALEKSANDRA KOLAKOVIĆ
MARTA GARCÍA
CARRIóN
FERRAN ARCHILÉS
CARDONA
MARÍA NOGUÉS BRUNO
OLAF GLÖCKNER
38
“The Manifesto of the NinetyThree!”: A Symbol of the German
Superiority or an Act of Defense?
Pacifist Writers and Soldier Writers
in Romania of the Great War
Intellectuals in the Great War: The
French-Serbian Cooperation
War, Peripheral Countries and Core
Intellectuals: The Case of José
Ortega y Gasset
Spain at the Front (1914-1918): The
Intellectuals of a Neutral Country
Facing the Conflict
Walther Rathenau: War Time
Economist, Liberal, Murdered
German White Hope
ILARIA FALCONI
Gerardo Dottori, Futurist Paining,
Aeropittura
ANTONELLA DI
The Great War in Literary
Awareness
SPALATRO
June 20, 2014
AULA III
11:45-13:00
Session F
INTELLECTUALS AND HISTORIOGRAPHICAL DEBATE
Panel F-2
CHAIRMAN
MARTINA BITUNJAC
LORENZO MARMIROLI
ANIDA SOKOL
LJILJANA STOŠIĆ
The July Crisis and the Outbreak of
WWI in Cultural Magazines of that
Time: A Comparison between Italy
and Austria-Hungary
The “Forbidden Script”: The Banning
of the Serbian Cyrillic in the AustroHungarian South Slavic Territories
Works of Serbian War Painters and
Photographers in European Picture
Postcards (1915-1916)
39
MARIANNE N.
PETROVSKAYA
The Battle-Painting Class of the
Russian Academy of Arts in the Years
of World War I
MARIA TERESA
MORELLI
The Theatre and the First World War
GIORDANO ALTAROZZI
40
Between Regeneracionismo and
Generación del 98: The Spanish
Culture at the Time of the First World
War
June 20, 2014
AULA A Vetri
10:00-11:30
Session G
CASE STUDIES
Panel G-1 Russia
CHAIRMAN
ELENA DUNDOVICH
OXANA ZEMTSOVA
Discussion on National Identity and
Patriotism in Late Imperial Russia
DARYA SEMENOVA
The Role of the Russian Orthodox
Church in the Great War
EMILIO CASSESE
Inarodcy: Non-Russian Subjects in
the Tsarist Empire in the First World
War
EKATERINA FEDOROVA
GIANLUCA SENATORE
Non-Governmental Organizations in
World War I: The Activity of the
Russian-American
Chamber
of
Commerce in 1914-1915
The Environment Issue and the
Origins of Sustainability during and
after the Great War
41
June 20, 2014
AULA A Vetri
11:45-13:00
Session G
CASE STUDIES
Panel G-2 The Ottoman Empire
CHAIRMAN
ALTAY GOYUSHOV
GIAMPAOLO CONTE
BARIS ADIBELLI
42
The Ottoman Empire towards the
War: International Finance and
Politics According to the Private
Papers of Bernardino Nogara (July
28, 1914-October 31, 1914)
The Foreign Policy of the Ittihat ve
Terakki Party Government in the
Ottoman Empire during the Great
War
FABIO L. GRASSI
The Turkish Intellectuals and the
Great War
FRANCESCO PONGILUPPI
The Ottoman Empire and the Oil
Issue: A Different Perspective
June 20, 2014
AULA A Vetri
14:30-16:00
Session G
CASE STUDIES
Panel G-3 The Caucasus
CHAIRMAN
ALESSANDRO VAGNINI
REVAZ GVELESIANI
EKA LEKASHVILI
The Interests of German Concerns:
The Economic Policy of Germany in
Georgia before and after World War
DANIEL POMMIER
VINCELLI
The World War in Azerbaijan
ALTAY GOYUSHOV
The Republic of Azerbaijan:
Unexpected Independence amid
War and Revolution
43
June 20, 2014
AULA A Vetri
16:15-17:45
Session G
CASE STUDIES
Panel G-4 The Middle East
CHAIRMAN
ALESSANDRO VAGNINI
MATTEO PIZZIGALLO
ANDREA GIANNOTTI
JOANNA
MODRZEJEWSKALEŚNIEWSKA
MANUELA BORRACCINO
JOSAN ION
44
The First Steps of Italian Politics
towards Arabia: The Negotiations
for Article XII of the Treaty of London
Central Asia 1915–1919: New Rules
for the Great Game
The Great War beyond Europe: The
Afghanistan Case
Identity, Culture and Modernity
within the Fall of the Ottoman
Empire: The Debate on the Origins of
Arab Nationalism
The First World War and the Modern
Middle East: The Genealogy of
Radical Islam
June 20, 2014
AULA Organi Collegiali
(Rectorate Building – ground floor)
16:15-17:45
VI session H
ECONOMY AND WAR
CHAIRMAN
GIOVANNA MOTTA
GIOVANNA MOTTA
War, Economy and Pacifism in the
Thought of Rosa Luxemburg
LEANDRA D’ANTONE
The Economic Consequences of War
and Peace: The Italian Case
PIERO DI GIROLAMO
Industrial Mobilization and
Economic Governance of Italy during
the War
DONATELLA STRANGIO
MAURO ROTA
MARIA CATERINA
BRAMATI
The Path of Economic Policies:
The Great War and the State
CINZIA CAPALBO
ROBERTO PASCA DI
MAGLIANO
LAURA LIGUORI
Dressing up in Time of War: Women
and Fashion during the First World
War
The Ambitious Attempts of
International Cooperation Resulting
from the Great War
45
FINAL REMARKS
Annette Becker
Paris West University Nanterre La Défense
Museum of the Great War and Research Centre
June 20, 2014
AULA Organi Collegiali
(Rectorate Building – ground floor)
18:00-19:00
46
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