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ALPI BIOGAS - BTS Biogas

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Agenda / Inhalt
Soluzione integrata per l‘abbattimento o, in alternativa,
il recupero dei nutrienti nei digestati
Integrated solution for the degradation, or
alternatively, for the recovery of the digestate’s
nutrients
L.P. BZ 13.12.2006, n. 14 - “Innovation”
Determines the financing Consorzio ALPI BIOGAS n. 5/08
23. gennaio 2014
1
Alpi Biogas
Soluzione integrata per l‘abbattimento o, in alternativa,
il recupero dei nutrienti nei digestati
The centre of competence Alpi Biogas focusses his energies in the
following activities:
Research & Development:
The innovation and application of new technologies in plants and
processes are the objectives of R&D. The research is targeted on low
volume agricultural plants and on specific solutions for the industry.
The transfer of the know-how:
We spin webs for connecting the right partners and build bridges
between the research’s and the economy’s worlds.
Experiment and monitoring:
The pilot plants and demonstration plants permit the scientific
monitoring of the research’s projects up to their concrete realization.
23. gennaio 2014
2
Alpi Biogas
Biogas in aree alpine: soluzione integrata per l‘abbattimento o, in
alternativa, il recupero dei nutrienti nei digestati
Research
Development
farmers
Industrialization
of the plants and
processes
«Agro-energetic»
centre of research
and application
Energetic companies
January 23th 2014
Transfer of the
know-how
Control,
monitoring
craftsmen
Center of
formation
Pilot plants
Designers and
technicians
3
Alpi Biogas
Soluzione integrata per l‘abbattimento o, in alternativa,
il recupero dei nutrienti nei digestati
Scientific level
University of Trento
Agrarian Institute of S. Michele
technical-energetic R&D
project
development
E&T
SYNECO
Renertec
Engineering
design
agro-energetic R&D
construction,
distribution
exercise,
financing
Schmack Biogas
SEL spa
Ecorott
Biomass consortium
Energetic
exploitation
MATTONI GASSER
Agrigas
Farmers Union
Operative level
23. gennaio 2014
4
Alpi Biogas
Soluzione integrata per l‘abbattimento o, in alternativa,
il recupero dei nutrienti nei digestati
Scientific level
University of Trento
Agrarian Institute of S. Michele
technical-energetic R&D
project
development
E&T
SYNECO
Renertec
Engineering
design
agro-energetic R&D
construction,
distribution
exercise,
financiing
Schmack Biogas
SEL spa
Ecorott
Biomass consortium
Energetic
exploitation
MATTONI GASSER
Agrigas
Farmers union
Operative level
23. gennaio 2014
5
SYNECO
Soluzione integrata per l‘abbattimento o, in alternativa,
il recupero dei nutrienti nei digestati
Syneco is a company offering consultancy and accompanying to
companies and public institutions in the field of the sostainable
development. Our customers can count on an interdisciplinar
team compound of experts cooperating in different sectors:
economic, technical, scientific and legal.
It‘s our task to bring concrete benefits and added values to our
customers, with innovative company models based on
sostainable development principles. In other words we improve
their economic, environmental and social performance.
Our aim is the perfect SYNERGY between ECONOMY and
ECOLOGY.
Therefore the name SYNECO.
23. gennaio 2014
6
Posttreatment project
The REASON
Soluzione integrata per l‘abbattimento o, in alternativa,
il recupero dei nutrienti nei digestati
BIOGAS POWER PLANT WITH WASTE:
Digestate = waste = Costs for the recovering/disposal
It’s important to reduce the fraction to dispose
– Discharge possibility in surface or sewage waters
AGRICULTURAL BIOGAS POWER PLANT:
Digestate =
23. gennaio 2014
fertilizer, but a lot of regions have a nitrogen
eccess
NITRATE DIRECTIVE
7
Posttreatment project
The REASON – agricultural field
Soluzione integrata per l‘abbattimento o, in alternativa,
il recupero dei nutrienti nei digestati
All regions in the centrenord have a nitrogen
eccess!
23. gennaio 2014
8
Posttreatment project
Primary objective
Soluzione integrata per l‘abbattimento o, in alternativa,
il recupero dei nutrienti nei digestati
To find a solution in time:
small
Simple to manage
With reasonable costs
The existent solutions are in large part too expensive (e.g. technologies
coming directly from the treatment of urban wastewaters) or in
development phase.
23. gennaio 2014
9
Posttreatment project
Project and partner structure
Soluzione integrata per l‘abbattimento o, in alternativa,
il recupero dei nutrienti nei digestati
POSTTRATTAMENTO
SOTTOPROGETTO
DEMON
STRIPPAGGIO
OBIETTIVO:
RIDUZIONE AZOTO
RECUPERO AZOTO
TIPO TRATTAMENTO BIOLOGICO
TERMICO
SPECIFICAZIONE
ANAMOX
STRIPPAGGIO
NECESSITÁ RICERCA
SENSIBILITÁ MO AL CONTENUTO ELEVATI DI
SALI e sostanza organica
FABBISOGNO SPITNO DI PRE-TRATTAMENTO
RIDUZIONE EMISSIONI IN ATMOSFERA
PARTNER
Atzwanger;
DICAM - Università di Trento Università
Innsbruck (Ara Consult)
BTS
DICAM - Università di Trento
Istituto agrario MACH
CRPA
23. gennaio 2014
10
DEMON
Soluzione integrata per l‘abbattimento o, in alternativa,
il recupero dei nutrienti nei digestati
The process ANAMMOX (ANaerobic AMMonium OXidation) converts the ammonium directly
in molecular nitrogen.
The reactions are:
Nitrification (partial):
Anammox:
2NH4+ + 1.5O2 => NH4+ + NO2- + H2O + 2H+
NH4+ + NO2- => N2 + 2H2O
ACIDO
The process is done by specific microorganisms – organisms «ANAMMOX»
(Planctomycetales):

autotrofic anaerobic bacteria

observed for the first time in 1995

they contribute at 70% to the nitrogen cycle in the oceans
23. gennaio 2014
11
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Stripping
General
Biogas in aree alpine: soluzione integrata per l‘abbattimento o, in
alternativa, il recupero dei nutrienti nei digestati
Nitrogen drawdown by means of a chemical process of
desorption producing ammoniac in gaseous phase.
The ammoniac produced is sent to a cleaning column
(scrubber) from where it comes out in form of salt (ammonium
sulphate).
Actually this technology is not covered in the BAT (Best
available technology).
January 23th 2014
12
Stripping
Principle
January 23th 2014
Biogas in aree alpine: soluzione integrata per l‘abbattimento o, in
alternativa, il recupero dei nutrienti nei digestati
13
Stripping
Principle
Biogas in aree alpine: soluzione integrata per l‘abbattimento o, in
alternativa, il recupero dei nutrienti nei digestati
It’s necessary to increase the pH values (10,5 – 11,5) and
temperature values for rendering possible the stripping.
January 23th 2014
14
Stripping
Chosen site
Biogas in aree alpine: soluzione integrata per l‘abbattimento o, in
alternativa, il recupero dei nutrienti nei digestati
Agricultural company Green Energy S.R.L. in Telgate (Bg)
Beginning of operation: 2012
Electrical power biogas:
999 kW
Feeding scheme:
• Poultry manure
• Liquid manure
• Corn
• Triticale
• Molasses
January 23th 2014
15
15
Biogas in aree alpine: soluzione integrata per l‘abbattimento o, in
alternativa, il recupero dei nutrienti nei digestati
1st heating
Heat recovery from the
treaten digestate
T 50 – 60°C
January 23th 2014
16
Biogas in aree alpine: soluzione integrata per l‘abbattimento o, in
alternativa, il recupero dei nutrienti nei digestati
2. Add of CaO
Heat recovery from
the treaten
digestate
T January
50 – 60°C
23th 2014
17
Biogas in aree alpine: soluzione integrata per l‘abbattimento o, in
alternativa, il recupero dei nutrienti nei digestati
2nd heating
Heat recovery from
the cogenerator
T 75 – 80°C
Heat recovery from
the treaten
digestate
T 50 – 60°C
January 23th 2014
Add of
CaO
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Biogas in aree alpine: soluzione integrata per l‘abbattimento o, in
alternativa, il recupero dei nutrienti nei digestati
Stripping of
NH3
Heat recovery from
the treaten
digestate
T January
50 – 60°C
23th 2014
Add of
CaO
Heat recovery
CHP
T 75 – 80°C
19
Biogas in aree alpine: soluzione integrata per l‘abbattimento o, in
alternativa, il recupero dei nutrienti nei digestati
(NH4)2SO4
Heat recovering
from the treaten
digestate
T January
50 – 60°C
23th 2014
Junction of
CaO
Heat recovering
CHP
T 75 – 80°C
Stripping of NH3
Air cleaning
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Soluzione integrata per l‘abbattimento o, in alternativa,
il recupero dei nutrienti nei digestati
23. gennaio 2014
21
Biogas in aree alpine: soluzione integrata per l‘abbattimento o, in
alternativa, il recupero dei nutrienti nei digestati
January 23th 2014
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Stripping
Project objectives
Biogas in aree alpine: soluzione integrata per l‘abbattimento o, in
alternativa, il recupero dei nutrienti nei digestati
Investment and operative costs projection
Impose eventually possible optimizations
Analysis of the gaseous emissions of the process
Analysis of the produced liquid solution – ammonium sulphate
(available concentrations, impurities,…)
Projection of the pretreatment needed of the digestate
(the singular plant has been projected for being able to treat every
kind of digestate!)
January 23th 2014
23
Stripping
Monitoring scheme
Biogas in aree alpine: soluzione integrata per l‘abbattimento o, in
alternativa, il recupero dei nutrienti nei digestati
2014
January 23th 2014
2015
24
Agenda / Inhalt
Soluzione integrata per l‘abbattimento o, in alternativa,
il recupero dei nutrienti nei digestati
Via Marie Curie 17 │ 39100 Bolzano
Tel +39 0471 301731 │ Fax +39 0471 326000
[email protected]
c/o SYNECO Srl
Via Marie Curie 17 │ 39100 Bolzano
Tel +39 0471 301731 │ Fax +39 0471 326000
[email protected]
23. gennaio 2014
25
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