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Cartographic representations for Intercultural dialogue

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22/04/2014
Cartographic representations for
Intercultural dialogue
THE REPRESENTATION OF ECUMENE
Eratostene (276-195 b.C.)
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NETOWORKED SPACE
Britannia
Gallia
Hispania Mauretania
Germania
Illyricum
Italia
Graecia
Sarmatia
Africa
Asia minor
Aegyptus
Syria
Scythia
Persida
India
335-366 A.D., Tabula Peutingeriana (copY of XII century)
Augusta Taurinorum
Roma
Torino
Italia
335-366 d.C., Tabula Peutingeriana (copia del XII secolo)
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CREATIONIST SPACE
1235, Ebstof,
Mappamondo
HODOLOGICAL SPACE
1550 ca., Battista Agnese, Carta nautica
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AREAL SPACE
1460, Mappamondo di Fra’ Mauro
BIRTH OF TOPOGRAPHIC SPACE
1680, Henri Testelin, Colbert présente à Louis XIV les membres de l’Académie royale des sciences crée en 1667
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1720,
MAP OF FRANCE
Salle Méridienne (Cassini Hall), Observatoire de Paris,
XIVe arrondissement
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TOPOGRAPHY AND POWER
1817, Nicolas-André Monsiau, Louis XVI donnant ses instructions
au capitaine de vaisseau Jean-François de La Pérouse
pour son voyage d’exploration autour du monde, le 29 juin 1785
AFRICA: TRAVELLING AROUND A TABLE
1909, Arcangelo Ghisleri, Atlante d'Africa
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TOPOGRAPHIC TECHNIQUES IN AFRICA
Stazione di triangolazione su un baobab dove veniva poi alzato il segnale piramidale (Foto da: A. Mori,
La cartografia ufficiale in Italia e l’Istituto Geografico Militare)
BERLIN CONFERENCE 1884-1885 – THE SCRAMBLE FOR AFRICA
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ITALIAN TOPOGRAPHY
IGM, Tavoletta al 25.000 of Treviso plane
TOPOGRAPHY AND PLANNING
2007, Centro Studi sul Territorio “Lelio Pagani” – Università degli studi di Bergamo,
Carta di piano: PLIS del Basso Brembo
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MAPPING AND POWER
1984, Alighiero Boetti, Mappa
TOPOGRAPHIC EVOCATIONS AND ART
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MAP
DIFFERENT INTERPRETATIONS
Objective
Semiotics
Deconstruction
• neo-positivist approach
• visual issues (J. BERTIN)
• critical approach
• representation of the
relationship manenvironment
• communication system
J.B. HARLEY
C. JACOB
F. FARINELLI
R. ALMAGIA’
•Map = hypertext
ICA COMMISION
Theoretical cartography
(Wolodtschenko et H. Schlichtmann )
Cartographic Semiosis (Casti, 2000)
CARTOGRAPHIC SEMIOSIS
Connection between map
and territory
Semiotic field
Geography
Semiotics
Cartography
Operational role of the map
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Cartographic semiosis: a meta- semiosis
Territorialisation process
1° level semiosis
Denomination
MAP
2° level semiosis
Reification
Structuration
INTERPRETER
Map = Semiotic Field
Semantics
Pragmatics
Syntax
NAME PROJECTION
SEMIOTIC ELEMENT
ICON
Shape
Number
DESIGNATOR
Position
FIGURATISATION
Color
Strenghtening of position
Attribution of social values
SELF-REFERENCE
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Self-reference
Map
given
by Gen. Baratieri
the brigades
before
battle of Adua
La carta
topographique
de latozone
de la bataille
de the
Adua
Map = symbolic operator
topography
Visual and material aspects of territory
Empty and abstract space
From topos to chora
(recovering the individual)
« chorography »
Meaning of places and landscape
Importance of cultural values
Relational dimension
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From Topography ...
INTERPRETER
METRICS
DATA
CARTOGRAPHIC
TRANSPOSITION
Cartographer: institutionnalise professional
Receiver: no interaction
Euclidian space (continue, contigus, uniform)
Cartesian logic (conventional space material aspects)
Geodesy/trigonometry
Observation: material qualities
Point of observation: zenithal (no 3 dimension)
Scale: uniform
Icons: abstraction (shape, dimension, orientation,
intensity)
… to chorography
INTERPRETER
METRICS
Cartographer: plurality of actors professional/institutional or
common people;
Receiver: interaction and intervention
Topologic space (extension/contraction, networking)
Landscape logic (symbolic, material, dynamic)
DATA
CARTOGRAPHIC
TRANSPOSITION
Teledetection/GPS/Field research
Social and cultural values
Point of observation: multiple (zenithal and
perspective) = 3D;
Anamorphosis: deformation of the surphace following the
social weight
Scale: interaction of plural scales;
Icons: analogic, figurative, 2D/3D) ; Introduction of
photos, descriptions, videos …)
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Cartografic challenge
How to develop a map able to create a dialogue between
social actors coming from different cultural contexts?
? How can we translate the terms «participation» and «collaboration»
in cartographic instruments for territorial governance
? How can we integrate in a map different visions of the world
Cartographic semiosis
1. the cartographic interpreter: plurality of actors
2. the typology of data: not only statistical, other sources
3. the graphic transfert: multiple ways of representation
PARTICIPATORY METHODOLOGY:
the SIGAP Strategy created by the Diathesis Lab
1° PHASE
ANALISI DATI STATISTICI E INDAGINE DI TERRENO:
LA CARTOGRAFIA DI CONOSCENZA
2° PHASE
INTERPRETAZIONE DEI DATI:
LA CARTOGRAFIA PER LA PIANIFICAZIONE
Osservazione e inchieste partecipative
Modellizzazione dei dati
(criteri, indici, categorie)
Cartografia a plurime scale
3° PHASE
ELABORAZIONE DI STRUMENTI DI GOVERNANCE:
LA CARTOGRAFIA PER LA CONCERTAZIONE
Identificazione
problematiche
COMMUNENOM MÈRENOM Statut PhénomènesYde déguerpissement
X
N habitants N concessions
GROUPES Année fondation
Migrations Activité Elements TrElements mod
Kandi Kandi Donwari vill.de nouv. Installation11.11861 2.85415
4300
358 Bariba,gando,haoussa, djerma,
Immigrés agricoles
Agriculture
(saisonniers
(coton,
Lieux sacrés:Konrantéya
sorgho,
ou définitifs)
Coton,
maïs,habitat
etharicot,
commerçants
(=rivière;
moderne,
igname,…);
plusprojets
duimportant
Niger
élevage
et etassociations
parfois
lieu
(bovins,
sacré
ducaprins,
Burkina
du
de type
village),
ovins,
moderne:
FasoSawaï
volaille),
PADEAR,
(pierre),
chasse
Kloulassidé
PAMR,
collective
APE,
(colline),
à GJ,
la battue
GC,Gbigangni
GFvers les(arbre,
hameaux
un caïlcédrat
de Dinnin exactement), Womassou (Deux arbres, un karité et un néré), Yabobom (pierre)
Kandi Donwari Boï
ham.perm.
11.15295 2.84294
72
6 Bariba
Agriculture (coton, sorgho, maïs), élevage (bovins, caprins, ovins, volaille)
Kandi Donwari Goukonnouham.perm.
11.15153 2.83534
192
16 Bariba, Gando
Agriculture (coton, maïs, sorgho), petit élevage (volaille)
Kandi Donwari Goutinma ham.perm.
11.16484 2.83222
36
3 Bariba
Agriculture (coton, sorgho, maïs,arachide)
Kandi Donwari/ Sinawongourou(les
Gannou ham.perm.
deux villages reclament
11.15600
ces terres)
2.80927
180
15 Bariba, Gando
Agriculture (coton, sorgho, maïs, arachide), élevage
Kandi Donwari Gouwonké ham.perm.
11.15912 2.79844
120
10 Bariba, Gando
Agriculture (coton, sorgho, maïs, arachide), élevage
Kandi Donwari Bontéré ham.perm.
11.15247 2.79361
108
9 Bariba, Gando
Agriculture (sorgho, coton, maïs, arachide), élevage (bovin, volaille)
Kandi Donwari Siansiangourou
ham.perm.
11,22193 2.78593
120
10 Bariba,Gando
Agriculture (coton, sorgho, maïs,igname), élevage (bovin, volaille)
Kandi Donwari Gountia ham.perm.
11,26098 2.75095
96
8 Bariba, Gando
Agriculture (coton, maïs, sorgho), élevage (bovin et volaille)
Kandi Donwari Batabongouham.perm.
11,27597 2.79904
288
24 Bariba, Gando
Agriculture (maïs, sorgho, coton, igname, riz, manioc, piment)
Kandi Donwari/ Sanrou
Sémkassi
(les deux
(ouham.perm.
Djanwanka;
villages reclament
son deuxième
ces terres)
11,24616
nom) 2.82740
144
12 Bariba, Gando
Agriculture (maïs, sorgho, coton, manioc, haricot, arachide)
Kandi Donwari Goubouko ham.perm.
11,19516 2.82225
240
20 Bariba,Gando
Agriculture (sorgho, maïs, coton), petit élevage
Kandi Donwari Tiankorogourou
ham.perm.
11,16921 2.84243
120
10 Bariba
Agriculture (coton, sorgho, maïs), élevage (bovin, volaille)
Kandi Donwari Yayarou/délégué
ham.perm.
gbarou
11.15995 2.85054
60
5 Bariba, Gourmantché, Gando
Agriculture (coton, sorgho, maïs,arachide), élevage (bovin, volaille)
Kandi Donwari/ Sinawongourou
Gbéniki ham.perm.
11.11147 2.81162
84
7 Bariba, Gando
Agriculture (coton, maïs, sorgho)
Kandi Donwari Matchou soulé
campgarou
peulh
11,20309 2,80411
348
29 Peul
1980
élevage, agriculture (coton sorgho)
Kandi Donwari El-hadji Gabso
campmarégarou
peulh
11,21966 2,81590
276
23 Peulh,
élevage, agriculture (sorghho,
habitatmaïs,
mod coton)
Kandi Donwari Gousouanouham.perm.
11.01969 2.81210
120
10 Bariba
Agriculture (coton, sorgho, maïs), petit élevage(bovin, volaille)
Kandi Donwari Kouhougouham.perm.
11.09274 2.82402
180
15 Bariba
Agriculture (coton, maïs, sorgho), élevage (bovin et volaille)
Kandi Donwari Gbébakayèrèham.perm.
11.07984 2.85804
180
15 Bariba, Gando
Agriculture (coton, maïs, sorgho), élevage (bovin et volaille)
Kandi Donwari Goutinma camp.peul
11.15818 2.83534
96
8 Peul
Elevage (bovin, ovin, volaille), agriculture (sorgho,coton)
Kandi Donwari Yompiri camp.peul
11.13304 2.83436
180
15 Peul, Gando
Elevage (bovin, ovin, volaille), agriculture (sorgho,coton)
Kandi Donwari Wadagou camp.peul
11.13770 2.82740
84
7 Peul, Gando
Elevage (bovin, ovin, volaille), agriculture (sorgho,coton, mil)
Kandi Donwari Goudokou/Momgogourou
camp.peul
11.13667 2.84762
60
5 Peul
Elevage, agri (sorgho, mil, coton)
Kandi Donwari Kouhougoucamp.peul
11.09053 2.83399
120
10 Peul
Elevage, agri (sorgho, mil, coton)
Kandi Donwari Siansiangourou
camp.peul
11.22358 2.77173
96
8 Peul (Borédjo du Niger)
Elevage, agriculture (mil, sorgho)
Kandi Donwari Tiankorogourou
camp.peul
11.17492 2.84788
96
8 Peul
Elevage, agri (sorgho, mil, coton)
Kandi Monko Tissarou (anciennement
Vill.par agrandissement
apppelé Djessou)
11.12741 2.87483
180
50 Bariba, Gando, Djerma, Haoussa
Immigrés agricoles
Agri (coton,
(saisonniers
Lieu
sorgho,
sacré:
oumaïs,
définitifs)
Yassakarou
Coton,
arachide,
habitat
et (pierre),
commerçants
riz moderne,
haricot,
cheftomate,
traditionnel:
projets
du Niger
piment),
et etassociations
parfois
Bouko
élevage,
Yabi
du Burkina
depoterie
Ngoï
type moderne:
Faso PAMR, APE, GJ, GC, GF
Kandi Tissarou Gannoun ham.perm.
11.10753 2.87544
144
12 Gando
Agri (coton, sorgho, maïs, arachide, riz ), élevage (bovin, ovin et volaille surtout)
Kandi Tissarou Toégbarou ham.perm.
11.08776 2.88679
144
12 Bariba
1840
Agri (coton, maïs, sorgho, mil), élevage
Kandi Tissarou Wuro Hamancamp.peul
11.11847 2.87866
384
32 Peul
Elevage, agri (sorgho, mil, coton)
Kandi Tissarou Wuro Gaanicamp.peul
11.10974 2.87731
156
13 Peul
Elevage, agri (sorgho, mil, coton)
Kandi Tissarou Kécérou camp.peul
11.11149 2.88174
144
12 Peul
Elevage, agri (coton, sorgho, mil, maïs)
Kandi Tissarou Gurè Baoudècamp.peul
11.10489 2.88565
156
13
Elevage, agri (coton, sorgho, maïs)
Kandi Sinanwongourou/Kommon(Kommon=
Sinanwongourou/Kommon
Vill. mère deuxième 11.12244
nom) 2.77672
1200
80 Bariba, Gando, Djerma, Haoussa
Immigrés agricoles
Agri (coton,
(saisonniers
Lieux
maïs,sacrés:
sorgho,
ou définitifs)
, coton,
Somborou
riz), maraîchage
habitat
et commerçants
(arbre),
moderne
(tomate,
Dangoo
venant
piment),
(pierre),
du élevage
Niger
Dankpidou
ou du Nigéria
don (arbre), Boundérou (pierre), Kabayari bonyérou (colline), kpétahorou (pierre),chefferie traditionnelle forte ( bien respectée)
Kandi Sinanwongourou/Kommon
Bountéré ham.perm.
11.15144 2.77697
264
22 Bariba
Agri (coton, sorgho, maïs), petit élevage
4° PHASE
CAPITALIZZAZIONE:
LA CARTOGRAFIA INTERATTIVA E MULTIMEDIALE
Identificazione delle
dinamiche in atto e
delle criticità
Strumento operativo per
la presa di decisione
Identificazione degli
attori e delle poste in
gioco
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THE SIGAP STRATEGY
Modular methodology
1.
KNOWLEDGE: observation, data collection, field research and interviews
2.
PLANNING: data analysis, interpretation and GIS
3.
NEGOTIATION: Focus Group, living labs and collaborative mapping
4. CAPITALIZATION: sharing knowledge and experience
THE MAIN FEATURES OF COLLABORATIVE MAPPING FOLLOWING THE
SIGAP STRATEGY
1) THE INTERPRETER OF THE MAP: A PLURALITY OF SOCIAL ACTORS
Environmental conservation is a colonial legacy which implies today a participatory
approach considering many social actors: national institutions, international
organisations, researchers, ONG and associations, local communities
 The researcher as an intermediate actor facilitating the dialogue
2) DATA: LOCAL KNOWLEDGE RECOVERED BY FIELD RESEARCH
If a topographical map shows legal territorial organisation, following legal and
administrative criteria, participatory mapping shows local traditional organisation:
following historical and traditional criteria and also traditional knowledge
 The importance of denomination: the need of a «de-codification» of the
meaning to recover local knowledge
3) GRAPHIC REPRESENTATION: MULTIPLE OPPORTUNITIES GIVEN BY
ICT
- 2D and 3D representations
- Participatory drawings and Community integrated GIS
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TWO EXAMPLES OF COLLABORATIVE MAPPING
 MULTIMAP (www.multimap-parcw.org)
Within a EU project of environmental conservation
in Western Africa
 Bergamo Open Mapping (www.bgopenmapping.it)
Within the Candidacy of the city of
as European Capital of Culture 2019
Bergamo
Geographies for intercultural
dialogue:
collaborative mapping in
Subsaharan Africa
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www.multimap-parcw.org
Niger
WAP COMPLEX
(W, Arly and Pendjari)
Burkina Faso
Bénin
www.multimap-parcw.org
NP Pendjari
2001-2005 W TBR and 2006-2009 ARLY
Partners:
Universities of Bergamo, Ouagadougou, Niamey, Cotonou
Cooperation Project:
Regional Programme Parc W/ECOPAS (Europen Development Fund)
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www.multimap-parcw.org
EU priorities
a) recover the territorial organization of local communities
b) build instruments of environmental management
c) promote local sustainable development
4 Universities, 15 researchers, many stakeholders
in local communities
• identification of different social actors and analysis of the territorial organization
• negotiation between local communities and environmental institutions
• creation of capitalization and decision-support systems
From 40 villages already known to about 1570 villages never mapped before
Niger
Burkina Faso
Bénin
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W UNESCO TRANSBOUNDARY
BIOSPHERE RESERVE AND
REGIONAL PARK
«Knowledge Mapping»
0
50 km
W UNESCO TRANSBOUNDARY
BIOSPHERE RESERVE AND
REGIONAL PARK
Collaborative mapping for decision making
Creating a dialogue between local communities and parks managers
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Map of the southern regions of Scioa made by an Abyssin (1886)
Source: A. Cecchi (1886), Da Zeila alle frontiere del Caffa, vol.1-2-3, SGI, Roma, Loesher, tav. 4
«sketch collaborative mapping»
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The participatory drawing of the foundation of the village of Kondio (Burkina Faso)
Cartographers: chief’s councellors and sacred places guides
Symbolic
knowledge on
natural resources:
Tingwana kpambu
vegetation
Tamboana kpambu
fauna
Kingandi nakpambu
Goalmina kpambu
pedology
Farmers settlements
hydrography
Jurisdictional
knowledge
villages
Participatory drawing of the village showing the creation of the protected area
Cartographers: the farmers association
No symbolic
knowledge
vegetation
fauna
New jurisdiction
borders
Farmers settlements
Reserves
Denial of symbolic values and new jurisdiction
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W UNESCO TRANSBOUNDARY
BIOSPHERE RESERVE AND
REGIONAL PARK
The digitalisation of sketch maps and the local scale
TBR W
Tingoana
kpambu
Tamboana Tamboana
kpambu
Goalmina
kpambu
Gbansangou
Kindgandi Kindgandi
nakpambu
Goalmi
Tingoana
Poste forestier
Cimokiali
Hotel
wudodanou
Bosswanga
Sangwakiali
Seri
Natongou
Niamonga
Palboa
Concessione
Insediamento agricolo
Antico insediamento
pedologi
atimbwoanli
tintankiagui
tintanbima
tingboanga
sacrée
vegetazione
Area pastorale
luogo di raccolta
Idrografia
Corso permanente
temporaneo
Kourtiagou Game Reserve
Lignaggi
Coldjat
iCombari
Wali
Yonli
Woba
Tankwano
Swobu
Lompo
Altro
pozzo
mercato
forage
pista
moschea
scuola
dipendenza
COLLABORATIVE MAPPING AND TRADITIONAL KNOWLEDGE
 SYMBOLIC KNOWLEDGE: socially recognisable values such as history and myth (sacred sites,
places of foundation)
 FUNCTIONAL KNOWLEDGE: aimed at intellectual knowledge and material practices for the
identification of locations in which productive activities take place (agricultural and pastoral
areas, hunting and fishing grounds and areas which are harvested)
 JURISDICTIONAL KNOWLEDGE: which give information regarding the social and territorial
organisation of the local community (village boundaries, position of
land, political and religious authorities)
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W UNESCO TRANSBOUNDARY
BIOSPHERE RESERVE AND
REGIONAL PARK
www.multimap-parcw.org
DIATHESIS LAB
WEB-BASED COLLABORATIVE MAPPING
www.bgopenmapping.it
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PARTICIPATION LEVELS in the
Candidate cities as European Capital of Culture 2019
Bergamo
Venezia
e il Nordest
Torino
Mantova
Pisa
RAVENNA
Urbino
SIENA
PERUGIA-ASSISI
L’Aquila
MATERA
Caserta
Amalfi
Bari
Brindisi
LECCE
Taranto
CAGLIARI
ACTIVE PARTICIPATION
Catanzaro
Participation as COLLECTION OF SUGGESTIONS
Palermo
Participation as INFORMATION
Siracusa
LACK OF PARTICIPATION or LACK OF WEBSITE
The process of PARTICIPATION
in Bergamo Open Mapping
CONSULTATION
• IDENTIFICATION of
social actors
• ORGANISATION of
meetings
• COMMUNICATION
printed material and
social networks
COMMUNICATION
• Focus Group for
supporting the use of
the web-based
mapping system
• Users individually:
insert markers and
lines, add a text
description on cultural
initiatives , add
pictures
• Consensus and merit
ranking by vote
• Public presentation
of the more voted
initiatives
• Rewarding
mechanism
• Meeting between
proponents and
Bergamo 2019
Steering Committee
• Supporting
initiatives in the
Candidacy Report
• Living Labs for
shared urban
planning
NEGOCIATION
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… A M U LT I A C T O R P R O C E S S
• University internships
• Students associations
• Middle and High schools
ASSOCIATIONS
• Parishes
• Local administrations
• Neighborhoods
• Young people
• Cultural organisations
• Local groups
STUDENTS
CITIZENS
• Educational/cultural
Institutions
• Administrations
• Private initiatives
STAKEHOLDERS
Released in March 2013
www.bgopenmapping.it
Information:
1. institutional data sets
2. data collected in field research
3. crowd-sourced data
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22/04/2014
www.bgopenmapping.it
Information:
1. institutional data sets
2. data collected in field research
3. crowd-sourced data
Released in March 2013
www.bgopenmapping.it
Information:
1. institutional data sets
2. data collected in the field
3. crowd-sourced data
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SOME NUMBERS …
MARCH-SEPTEMBER
Users: 4793
Registered users:
306
Initiatives: 110
Province  79 72%
City
 31 28%
VGI analysis
Proposal of activities  44
40%
Place valorization
 38
35%
Mixed proposals
 21
19%
Places restoration
SOME NUMBERS …
56
 7
6%
mills, farm houses, small industries
churches, sanctuaries, monasteries
castles, towers, gates, villas, palaces
hospitals, electric powers
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WHAT IS THE MAPMAKER ASKING FOR ?
PLACES
•
•
•
Open public buildings for cultural initiatives
Create lively public spaces as places of culture (painting, sculpture,
music, dance, theatre, cinema, …)
Discover unknown places and valorize the local culture (dialect, local
knowledge …)
ACTIVITIES
•
•
•
Low environmental impact (cycling routes, pedestrian paths,
recovering already existing buildings…)
With high social impact (collective cultural activities, group
excursions, …)
Creativity, art in unusual places (paintings in the caves, concerts in
the electric power stations, cinema in the villas…)
RECEIVER
•
•
To envolve young people
To attract visitors from Europe
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Ten initiatives presented to the Bergamo 2019 Committee
1. ITINERARI CULTURALI e AMBIENTALI NEL TERRITORIO DI PONTERANICA
Proponente: GIUSEPPE GUALINI Associazione/Ente: ASSOCIAZIONE PENSIERI E PAROLE
2. DOORS TO EUROPE E FLOWING CULTURE: ALLA SCOPERTA DELL’ALTA VALLE BREMBANA
Proponente: ANDREA PALENI Associazione/Ente: ALTOBREMBO
3. SCUOLA DI MUSICA NEL PALAZZO DEL VICARIO DI VALLE
Proponente: ANDREA CHIESA Associazione/Ente: COMUNE DI ALBINO
4. POLO DI INNOVAZIONE CULTURALE NELL’EX-CENTRALE TERMICA I.R.F.
Proponente: FABRIZIO TERZI Associazione/Ente: BERGAMO HUB
5. ONE THOUSAND SOUNDS: FESTIVAL MUSICALE DEGLI STUDENTI UNIVERSITARI EUROPEI
Proponente: MARIO GHIDINI Associazione/Ente: ASSOCIAZIONE STUDENTI UNIBG
6. ALLA SCOPERTA DELL’ARTE NELLA GROTTA EUROPA
Proponente: PIERO CATTANEO Associazione/Ente: GRUPPO SPELEOLOGICO VALLE IMAGNA
7. GIOVANI ARTISTI EUROPEI IN MOSTRA PRESSO GLI OSPEDALI RIUNITI DI BERGAMO
Proponente: CATERINA GIUPPONI Associazione/Ente: UTENTE PRIVATO
8. L’ARTE E I LUOGHI DELL’ACQUA: ALLA SCOPERTA DEI LUOGHI NASCOSTI DI CITTA’ ALTA
Proponente: GIOVANNI GINOULHIAC e IVANA CATTANEO Associazione/Ente: ASSOCIAZIONE CITTÀ ALTA E COLLI DI BERGAMO
9. CAPOLAVORI CINEMATOGRAFICI A VILLA DEI TASSO
Proponente: DIANA SANA
Associazione/Ente: UTENTE PRIVATO
10. CAMPUS SCOLASTICO A CASCINA CA’ VALOTI
Proponente: SARA BERGAMELLI Associazione/Ente: BIBLIOTECA CENTRO CULTURA NEMBRO
Towards the second phase: Living Labs for collaborative urban planning
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22/04/2014
SOME ISSUES COMING FROM THE EXPERIENCE
AUTHORSHIP: A COMPLEX DEFINITION
 the promoter: from single citizens to many stakeholders (supporter, developer,
producer, …)
 the user: from the individual to the real and a virtual community

theBENEFICIARY
beneficiary: from citizens to researchers, institutions and private organisations
THE
QUALITY: ACCURACY, DIVERSITY, CONSENSUS
 accuracy in geolocalisation
 multifaceted perspective in data attributes (eg. the same place can have multiple
place-names, descriptions, pictures, …)
 quality is proportional to other users validation and consensus
TECHNOLOGY: OPEN, UBIQUITOUS, TRACEABLE, STORED
 open source software and open data
 proliferation of Location Based Services
 real time control of data production or use
 collection, storage and management of huge amounts of data
 digital divide?
PRAGMATICS: IMPACT OF COLLABORATIVE MAPPING ON SPATIAL PLANNING
 what happens during the process and afterwords?
 who uses the information, how and for what pursposes?
 what is the actual contribution of collaborative mapping?
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