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i n v e s t i a m o
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STAR: State of the art
Raffaele G. Agostino
PON MaTeRiA
Materials and Technologies for Advanced Research
MaTeRiA
EU/National Funding
PON “Ricerca e Competititvità” 2007 – 2013
Scientific responsible: Prof. Mauro Ghedini
MaTeRiA is a joint project aimed at developing a new Research Infrastructure
inside the University of Calabria campus area
Funding €15.700.000
| 8.4 M€ STAR source - CNISM
| 6.6 M€ Laboratories and building - UniCal
| 0.7 M€ Master program – UniCal
Start Date: 01.01.2012
End Date: 31.12.2014
LUCI DI SINCROTRONE – CNR – 22 Aprile 2014
Partners:
UniCal, The University of Calabria
&
CNISM, Italian Consortium on Physical Sciences of Matter (1300 reasercher from 39 universities)
MaTeRiA CENTER
Second level laboratories:
1. Preparation and
characterization
2. Characterization of the
mechanical and physical
properties
3. Modeling and simulation
4. Prototyping
5. Advanced spectroscopy
Third level. Network of existent
departmental laboratories
LUCI DI SINCROTRONE – CNR – 22 Aprile 2014
Sito STAR
The highly specialized laboratories that constitute MaTeRiA will be organized
in
three progressive levels
First level. STAR (Southern Europe
Thomson Back-Scattering Source
for Applied Research) equipped
with the beam-line µTomo.
The TBS source and the
microtomography station
are developed by
LUCI DI SINCROTRONE – CNR – 22 Aprile 2014
STAR SOURCE AND µTOMO BEAMLINE
STAR SOURCE
From 3rd and 4th generation synchrotron sources …
… to
Inverse Compton Scattering (ICS)
Thomson Back-Scattering (TBS)
50 m
10 m
Courtesy of Dennis T. Palmer, G. Diraddo
LUCI DI SINCROTRONE – CNR – 22 Aprile 2014
sources
FEL’s and Thomson Sources common mechanism:
collision between a relativistic electron and a (pseudo)electromagnetic wave
1-25 GeV
electrons
cm und. period lu
Magnet
e20-150 MeV electrons
Mirror
X-rays
Focussing
parabola
1.0/2.4 eV - Laser beam
0.5 – 0.025 Å
20 - 500 keV
photons
Dump
Courtesy of Luca Serafini
LUCI DI SINCROTRONE – CNR – 22 Aprile 2014
100 - 0.5 Å
0.1 – 20 keV
photons
FEL resonance condition
lR = lw
(
1+ aw
2g
2
)
(magnetostatic undulator)
2
Example: for lR=1Å, lw=2 cm, E=7 GeV
aw = 0.93lw [cm] Bw[T]
1+ a 2)
(
=l
lR
0
4g 2
(electromagnetic undulator)
Example: for lR=1Å, l=0.8 mm, E=25 MeV
Courtesy of Luca Serafini
l[ mm] P[TW ]
a0 µ
R0 [ mm]
laser
power
laser
spot
size
LUCI DI SINCROTRONE – CNR – 22 Aprile 2014
2
Brilliance of X-ray sources
1.24
0.124
l (nm)
BCompton µ g 2
Courtesy of Luca Serafini
LUCI DI SINCROTRONE – CNR – 22 Aprile 2014
12.4
LAYOUT STAR
(*)
(*) Phase 2
Courtesy of Dennis T. Palmer, G. Diraddo
LUCI DI SINCROTRONE – CNR – 22 Aprile 2014
(*)
Courtesy of Luca Serafini
20-80 / 40-160
LUCI DI SINCROTRONE – CNR – 22 Aprile 2014
10-80 / 20-160 10-80 / 20-160
STAR: X-RAY BEAM FEATURES
• X-ray energy tuneable on a wide range up to hard X-rays
• Controlled BW
• Low divergence
• Circular µm-sized x-ray source
• Linear polarization up to 99% switchable pulse to pulse (H vs. V)
• Simple evolution to higher energies and fluxes
 USER FACILITY
LUCI DI SINCROTRONE – CNR – 22 Aprile 2014
• Time structure on the ps-scale
LUCI DI SINCROTRONE – CNR – 22 Aprile 2014
MATERIA/STAR SITE AT UNICAL
Sito STAR
STAR BUILDING
Sito STAR
ESSEBI s.r.l.
LUCI DI SINCROTRONE – CNR – 22 Aprile 2014
Area Risorse Mobiliari ed Immobiliari - UniCal
STAR BUILDING
Courtesy of Dennis T. Palmer
LUCI DI SINCROTRONE – CNR – 22 Aprile 2014
Sito STAR
WORK IN PROGRESS
December ‘11
March ‘12
December ‘12
October ‘13
LUCI DI SINCROTRONE – CNR – 22 Aprile 2014
Sito STAR
WORK IN PROGRESS
December ‘11
March ‘12
December ‘12
Novembre
January
April ‘14
‘14
March
‘13 ‘14
LUCI DI SINCROTRONE – CNR – 22 Aprile 2014
Sito STAR
BUILDING COSTS
Sito STAR
2.0 M€ funded by PON
• 5.000 m2 ground
• Building infrastructure (14.000 m3)
• Control room, electrical and air conditioning systems
LUCI DI SINCROTRONE – CNR – 22 Aprile 2014
4.0 M€ funded by University of Calabria
µTomo beamline
X-ray microtomography setup
Innovative aspects:
•
Phase contrast images are obtained by using the X-ray beam
•
Chemically resolved radiography for an efficient quantitative analysis by means
of the X-ray tunability
•
Hard X-ray are used for high Z elements mapping
Experimental techniques:
•
PHase Contrast (PHC) radiography
•
Chemically resolved radiographic images
•
Micro-tomography and holotomography
LUCI DI SINCROTRONE – CNR – 22 Aprile 2014
µTomo fully exploits the diffraction limited, monochromatic and tunable STAR Xrays:
[email protected] LAYOUT
µTomo
①
②
③
④
⑤
⑥
⑦
(4)
Front end
X-ray transfer line
Slits
Sample-holder
Detectors pair
Detector stage
Data acquisition system
(5
)
(6
)
Large Area X-ray Detector development for PhC imaging @ NEXUS lab, UniCal
LUCI DI SINCROTRONE – CNR – 22 Aprile 2014
(3)
Radiographic Image of a bee collected
at the Brookhaven TBS source in
propagation mode
LUCI DI SINCROTRONE – CNR – 22 Aprile 2014
Application: high resolution radiography
Application: µ-tomography
F. Cosmi et al Composites Science
and Technology 71
(2011) 23–30
Elettra – Syrmep BL
Micro-tomographic images (left) and correspondent MIL polar diagrams (right) in
the shell and core regions.
LUCI DI SINCROTRONE – CNR – 22 Aprile 2014
Phase contrast
micro-tomography
and morphological
analysis of a short
carbon fibre
reinforced polyamide
Application: contrast by elements
Iodine K-edge subtraction
angiography
B. Bertrand et al., European hearth Journal, 2005
LUCI DI SINCROTRONE – CNR – 22 Aprile 2014
Standard angiography
Application: cultural heritage
(a preliminary study @SYRMEP/Elettra)
Analysis of the surface layer of a Rithon from Salto di Cariati
1 mm
LUCI DI SINCROTRONE – CNR – 22 Aprile 2014
R.G. Agostino, A. Taliano Grasso, “Ceramiche di
imitazione metallica di produzione italica: prime
evidenze”, in Atti del Conv. Enotri e Brettii in Magna
Grecia, Rende, 2007
Chemistry
Cultural Heritage
Material Science
Physics
Engineering
Bio-medicine
Geology
LUCI DI SINCROTRONE – CNR – 22 Aprile 2014
STAR – Field of interest
STAR - Scheduling
Building
Design
Tender
STAR source
MIUR Tender
µTomo
Realization
Design
Realization
T
Design
Realiz
II level labs
Design
Tender
Realization
Design
Tender
Realization
Master
2012
2013
2014
LUCI DI SINCROTRONE – CNR – 22 Aprile 2014
III level labs
A regional partner infrastructure for Material Science involving
UniCal – CNISM – INFN – Elettra – CNR – …
in connection with other light infrastructures (ELI-NP, SPARC-INFN, Elettra, …)
open to the cooperation with scientific communities of the Mediterranean countries.
LUCI DI SINCROTRONE – CNR – 22 Aprile 2014
STAR – Next future
LUCI DI SINCROTRONE – CNR – 22 Aprile 2014
STAR – Next Future
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