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Stefano Modena
SOFCpower SpA
The new generation of energy
6 May 2014
OUTLINE
• SOFCpower: the company
• SOFC technology and applications
• Stationary residential mCHP: enefield trials and commercialization
• Coal, gasification and CO2 separation: relevant applications
6/5/2014 - Carbonia
SOFCpower CONFIDENTIAL INFORMATION
2
THE COMPANY
2014 EnGen™ roll-out within the European
project ene.field: 1000 mCHP systems
Europe-wide
Plant ONE extension: 2013
2008
2011
2.5 kW modular mCHP generator design
2008
Pilot Plant Mezzolombardo (IT) operative
2007
SOFCpower set-up, acquisition HTceramix
> 20’000
Cells produced
> 1500
Stack modules
2 MW/y
Production capacity
Plant ONE
> 100
HotBox™
Generators
2000 EPFL (CH) Spin Off Htceramix s.a.
invention HotBox™ technology
6/5/2014 - Carbonia
SOFCpower CONFIDENTIAL INFORMATION
3
THE COMPANY
Ceramic Materials
Core Components of the SOFC’s Generator
Engen2500 m-CHP
HoTbox™
Development road
2014
10 kW
6/5/2014- Carbonia
2015
2015/2016
20 kW
1 MW
SOFCpower CONFIDENTIAL INFORMATION
4
THE COMPANY
INTEGRATED
mCHP GENERATOR
Power
Th. Output
Fuel
2.5 kW
2 kW
Fuel Cell Power Module
Natural Gas
Electric Efficiency
Total Efficiency power+heat,
usable for cooling
Dimensions
wxlxh
Price
for orders >10‘000 units
6/5/2014 - Carbonia
50% LHV
Fuel, Air & Exhaust
management
90%
0.6 x 0.8 x 1.6
m
Power Management
System
4‘000 €/kW
SOFCpower CONFIDENTIAL INFORMATION
5
• SOFCpower: the company
• SOFC technology and applications
• Stationary residential mCHP: enefield trials and commercialization
• Coal, gasification and CO2 separation: relevant applications
6/5/2014 - Carbonia
SOFCpower CONFIDENTIAL INFORMATION
6
TECHNOLOGY
Una piccola grande differenza:
RISPETTO ALLA COMBUSTIONE,
UTILIZZIAMO SEMPLICI REAZIONI
CON ARIA ED IDROGENO
PER PRODURRE ENERGIA
ELETTRICA E CALORE
6/5/2014 - Carbonia
SOFCpower CONFIDENTIAL INFORMATION
7
TECHNOLOGY
Electricity
• Natural Gas
• Liquid Fuels
• Coal
• Biofuels
• Hydrogen
• Ammonia
SOFC
Solid
Oxide
Fuel
Cell
Heating
Chiller
CO2
• Air
6/5/2014 - Carbonia
Cooling
Water
SOFCpower CONFIDENTIAL INFORMATION
8
TECHNOLOGY
SOFC generators:
They are REVERSIBLE  Electrolysis
Renewable can be STORED as CHEMICAL ENERGY (FUEL)
•Synthetic Fuels,
Hydrocarbons
•Hydrogen
Electricity
SOEC
Solid
Oxide
Electrolyzer
Cell
Pure Oxygen
6/5/2014 - Carbonia
Heat
CO2
Water
SOFCpower CONFIDENTIAL INFORMATION
9
SOFCPOWER: world-wide electrical efficiency record
electric efficiency in methane steam reformate
 WORLD RECORD efficiency in single pass at stack level (DC, LHV): 74%
 target efficiency proven in full and part-load operation (> 60%)
Stack DC efficiency [%]
100%
90%
67%
70%
ηel [%]
average voltage [mV]
74%
80%
60%
50%
40%
30%
20%
10%
0%
0,10
0,15
0,20
0,25
0,30
0,35
0,40
0,45
0,50
0,55
0,60
1000,0
900,0
800,0
700,0
600,0
500,0
400,0
300,0
200,0
100,0
0,0
V @ 20 A
0
5
10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 55 60
# thermal cycles
J [A/cm2]
6/5/2014 - Carbonia
SOFCpower CONFIDENTIAL INFORMATION
10
SOFC devices: Application by size
EnGen-2500
100kW-1MW
1 kW
10 kW
100 kW
1 MW
Industrial sites
Residential
Large buildings
CCS
Mobile and Vehicles
Atomic and Renewable
2
11
• SOFCpower: the company
• SOFC technology and applications
• Stationary residential mCHP: enefield trials and commercialization
• Coal, gasification and CO2 separation: relevant applications
6/5/2014 - Carbonia
SOFCpower CONFIDENTIAL INFORMATION
12
2013
2012
Biogas operation
ηel = 35% (similar to NG)
 FriBorgo Project – Borgo Valsugana
 Isola Cogenerativa Installation – Roncegno Terme
6/5/2014 - Carbonia
SOFCpower CONFIDENTIAL INFORMATION
6
13
SOFCPOWER: UTILITIES/ESCO PARTNERSHIPS
2014-2017
SOFCpower is going to install 2,5 kWel units in
Italy, Slovenia, Switzerland, …
SOFCpower signed several
Associated Field partnerships with
important multi-utilities or Esco
6/5/2014 - Carbonia
SOFCpower CONFIDENTIAL INFORMATION
14
• SOFCpower: the company
• SOFC technology and applications
• Stationary residential mCHP: enefield trials and commercialization
• Coal, gasification and CO2 separation: relevant applications
6/5/2014 - Carbonia
SOFCpower CONFIDENTIAL INFORMATION
15
SOFC and CCS
SOFC can separate CO2 (and water), with minimal impact on efficiency or costs
AIR
Fuel
O2
N2 (79%)
Combustion:
(Turbine , ICE,
Burner L=ca 1.1)
CH4
Air
CO2 8% ca.
N2 73% ca.
H2O
Hot Air (Heat)
SOFC
Fuel
Oxygen
750°C
+
-
Electric Power
CO2/H2O Concentrated
CO2
Capture
No combustion with air  no dilution of the CO2 stream.
6/5/2014 - Carbonia
SOFCpower CONFIDENTIAL INFORMATION
16
SOFC and CCS
Electricity
Coal
SOFC
Gasification
Gas
cleaning
(Plasma)
Solid
Oxide
Fuel
Cell
Heating
Cooling
CO2
Water
EOR
Enhanced Oil
Recovery
ECBM
Enhanced Coal
Bed Methane
Recovery
Waste
6/5/2014 - Carbonia
SOFCpower CONFIDENTIAL INFORMATION
17
PROGETTO WASTE-TO-ENERGY
6/5/2014 - Carbonia
SOFCpower CONFIDENTIAL INFORMATION
18
WASTE-TO-GAS
5-10,000 tpa
Syngas
Cleaning
process
Residuo da raccolta
differenziata di rifiuti
municipali
40% CO
40% H2
19% CO2
1% altri gas
SOFC grade
Syngas Generator
SOFC-based
Elettricita‘
Calore
CO2
N x 100 kW
40% CO
40% H2
20% CO2
Gasplasma® process
Impianto di sintesi
Biocombustibili da
rifiuti
6/5/2014 - Carbonia
SOFCpower CONFIDENTIAL INFORMATION
CH4
oppure
H2
19
Gasplasma® Process
The “Gasplasma Process”:




Is a patented two-stage thermal treatment of materials, allowing for the phasetransformation of materials in a fully-controlled environment;
Produces an end product that is a clean syngas that can be used directly for industrial use
of heat or for generation of electricity;
Is highly efficient, with over 80% calorific capture, substantial net producer of energy,
and with a documented negative carbon footprint;
Allows for the further production (from syngas) of engineered fuels such as synthetic
methane, biodiesel, and synthetic jet-fuel. to be cost-efficiently produced in a gas-toliquids transformation.
These “Gasplasma Fuels” belong to a new class of a super-clean engineered fuels, the
common base of which is a high-quality syngas, generated cost-effectively and standardized
to the required specification. Gasplasma fuels can be produced to performance parity with
fossil fuels. The primary input can be from any type of carbonaceous materials, solid, liquid
and gaseous.
6/5/2014
SOFCpower CONFIDENTIAL INFORMATION
20
Gasplasma® Process – Unique and Patented
The Gasplasma® Technology Portfolio is Secured by IP Patents in 56 Countries
PREPARED WASTE PROCESSING CAPACITY
Up to 300 tons per day per processing
line
6/5/2014
Simultaneous processing of municipal,
commercial, industrial and hazardous waste
SOFCpower CONFIDENTIAL INFORMATION
21
Gasplasma® How Clean is the Syngas?
5000
Syngas Post-converter
Syngas Pre-converter
18000
4500
16000
4000
14000
3500
Toluene
Hexane
Phenol
12000
10000
3000
2500
8000
2000
6000
1500
4000
1000
2000
500
0
0
0
10
20
30
40
50
60
70
80
90
Condensable Organics (Hexane and
Phenol) ppm
Condensable Organics (Toluene) ppm
20000
Syngas
Composition
H2 36%
CO 37%
CO2 17%
N2 3.7%
H2O 4.2%
CH4 1.4%
100
Sampling points
 High temperatures of operation (1,100˚C+)
 Plasma treatment ‘cracks' the crude syngas (from gasifier)
 Breaking up complex molecular structure, reforming it into H2,CO & CO2
 Clean hydrogen-rich fuel gas of consistent calorific value
 Multiple applications: Hydrogen; Bio-SNG; Fuel Cells; GTL
6/5/2014
SOFCpower CONFIDENTIAL INFORMATION
22
Gasplasma® technology in combinazione con tecnologia SOFC per:
1.
2.
Convertire i rifiuti residui da raccolta differenziata, in Syngas, senza emissioni in
atmosfera, in spazio chiuso.
Condizionare il Syngas per ottenere un combustibile di qualita’ adatta al
funzionamento delle SOFC;
3.
Installare dei generatori SOFC da 100 kW basati sulla tecnologia SOFCpower;
4.
Realizzare un impianto di conversione del Syngas in metano (SNG) o in
Idrogeno. In entrambi i casi tali combustibili possono essere utilizzati per
autotrazione
Possibile anche in Sardegna?
6/5/2014 - Carbonia
SOFCpower CONFIDENTIAL INFORMATION
23
Grazie per l’attenzione!
Ing. Stefano Modena
R&D – Commissioning and Field-test Manager
M.+39. 388. 92.57.050 / Tel.+39. 0461.607529
[email protected]
24
Back-up slides
6/5/2014
25
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