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Global IPv6 Deployment
-- Toward the Smart City with IoT--
Board of Trustee, ISOC
Director, WIDE Project
Executive director, IPv6 Promotion Council Japan
Director, Task Force for IPv4 Address Exhaustion
江崎 浩 (Hiroshi ESAKI)
• Netflix streams on IPv6 now since mid
Sep 2014 in Austria, Belgium, France,
Germany, Luxembourg and Switzerland.
– Contributor: Javed Vohra, Senior Network
Engineer at Netflix
• SK Telecom launched IPv6 enabled
commercial LTE services based on IPv6
since September 25th, 2014. And, focusing
on IoT market leadership.
What is our goal ;
toward the “Eco-System”
• Back-Ground
Discussion in 2007
– There are many systems/networks with IP
– Still, there are many non-IP systems/networks
– Networks and Systems are tend to be Fragmented...
• Objective and Goal
– Avoiding the fragmentation of IP
systems/networks
– Encourage the collaboration among sub-systems
– Explore the “Eco-System”, that deliver the cheapest
system deployment , while delivering innovations.
Two Aspects on “ The Internet”
1. The “future internet” with “i”.
– What is and how looks like the future internet
“architecture” should be with “Real-Space”.
2. The “future of Internet” with capital “I” with
“The”.
– Think about the innovations and roles of “The
Internet”
– “The Internet”, must be unique common
shared infrastructure for all industry segments.
Feature of The Internet
• is “Global”
• is “Transparent”
• is “Multi-culture”
• has “Liberty” and “Anonymity”
• has “Fairness”, not equity
• provides “Commons”
• provides “Opportunity”
IP for Everyone
IoT (Internet of Things)
IP for Everything
in 2005
Collaboration
with Tokyo Gov.
since 2004
Established FNIC in2006
(Facility Network Interop)
Since 2005
(7th at Kyoto)
In 2008
DUMBO2006
with AIT
KU+KUS with MIC+JGN2
IIT Hyderabad
With IMD
FIAP in 2009
(Live E! architecture)
IEEE 1888 in Feb.2011
JTC1 SC6 WP7
Building Automation WG
in 2003 at
Beijing Olympic
In 2008
China-Japan Green IT
Project funded by MIC
in 2009
with [email protected]
B2G in SGIP (Smart Grid
Interoperability Panel)
toward CoS
空調
照明
一般
電力
【垂直統合型】
Vertical Lock-on
空調
照明
一般
電力
【上下分離・水平統合型】
Horizontal Cooperaiton
IEEE1888 System Architecture
GW, Storage, APP Binding
(Management Plane)
User Interface
Reporting
Data Analysis
Command Submission
Data Archive
Rendezvous Point
for GWs, APPs
TCP/IP Network
HTTP and XML
Virtualization of
Input/Output
Proprietary Circuits
CSV Files, …
9
Independency
IEEE1888 System Architecture
from
HW,
GW, Storage, APP Binding
User Interface
(Management Plane)
i.e., SDNReporting
Data Analysis
Command Submission
Data Centric for
Transparency
HTTP and XML
Data Archive
Rendezvous Point
for GWs, APPs
TCP/IP Network
Virtualization of
Integration and
Input/Output
Interoperability
via GW for legacy and
Proprietary
Circuits
{new}
unique
systems10
CSV Files, …
TCP/IP
CATV
Cable Modem
Wireless
Satelite
ATM
Optical Fiber
Copper Cable
WDM/SDH
ISDN
Net Neutrality
1. Must be able to access the lawful content of
their choice.
2. Must be able to run applications and use
services of their choice, subject to the needs of
law enforcement.
3. Must be able to connect their choice of legal
devices that do not harm the network.
4. Must be able to participate in the competition
among network providers, application and
service providers, and content providers.
for “Open-Data”
1. User can to access and to use the
lawful data, with the same way.
2. User can connect/put the sensor,
that does not harm the network, with
their choice, with the same way.
3. User can provide service using the
open-data.
Features of Internet’s Alternativeness
1. Independent from how to use (application)
2. Independent from who use (person)
3. Independent from where to use (infrastructure)
As a result, it is avoiding the exclusiveness
 for “Commons” and “Sustainability”
東京電力(株) 2012年7月12日 公開資料
「RFCを踏まえたスマートメータ仕様に関する基本的な考え方」
Service
Service
Service
Providers
Service
Providers
Service
Providers
Providers
Providers
27 million
Smart Meters
for residents
Smart
Meter
MDMS
(data repository)
Power company
http://www.tepco.co.jp/corporateinfo/procure/rfc/repl/t_pdf/2_concept-j.pdf
Residents
(Home)
4G LTE Network for Smart Meter Access
 Available both IPv4 and IPv6
 Fixed IP address assignment to every Smart
Meter with CRG
Closed Remote Gateway
 AAA function at KDDI NOC CRG:
WVS: Wide-area Vertual
Switch
【1:N Wireless access with LTE】
Utility Company
Office
KDDI NOC
CRG(閉域)
Smart
Meter
(LTE)
WVS
※800MHz
Head End
16
Open Smart Campus and Building System
Design and Operation with IEEE1888
Professional operation, since 2009
all-building since April 2011
all-5-campuses since July 2011
17
IEEE1888 : UGCCNet (Ubiquitous Green Community Control Network)
“Strategic use of Cloud & DC”
1. Facility on the Net(Cloud)
2. Computers into the Net
(Cloud/DC)
Energy Saving
at The University of Tokyo in Summer of 2011
Peak
Peak
Total
(2011)
RoI
(2011)
(2010)
75%-78% less than
Major 5
66 MW 69%
campus ($60M/yr) (△31%) (22%-25%) 1 month
56%
Eng. No2
1 MW
Bldg.
($1M/yr) (△44%)
69%
(△31%)
2 yrs
【Contributions】
1. Multi-Vender for sustainability
2. Global Standards for procurement
12 Fl. EECS & Machinery Dept.
System overview Eng.No.2 Building in Hongo Campus, Tokyo, Japan
CSV
Savic
Yamatake
200V Power
monitoring,
EHP
Mitsubishi
EHP
mngmnt and
control
GHP
Mitsubishi
N-MAST
Panasonic
GHP
Lightening
mngmnt and control
control
Metering
Aichi
Electricity
and water
metering
Legacy system + common I/F gateway
System overview Eng.No.2 Building in Hongo Campus, Tokyo, Japan
Data Integration among legacy sub-systems
Schedule
Server
Student
Router
BACnet/
WS
Yamatake
Visualization of data
Web I/F
CiMX Server
TE
LON-IP
G/W
LMJ
LON-ADP
Professor
TE
Common DB
(Live E!)
Management
TE
G/W
BACnet/
BXWS
Office
Ubiteq
Toshiba
/Cisco/
Panasonic
BACnet
CSV
Savic
Yamatake
EHP
Mitsubishi
GHP
Mitsubishi
N-MAST
Panasonic
Action and Control
Electricity Data Analysis
(CiMX) (Yokogawa)
oBIX
G/W
Schedule
controller
LMJ
EHP
mngmnt and
control
GHP
Lightening
mngmnt and control
control
Legacy system + common I/F gateway
Digital
LMJ
LONーIP
G/W
LONーIP
HDPLC
G/W
DU
CiMX
HDPLC
PLC
Wireless
temperature
Wireless
sensor
temperature
sensor
Toshiba
HDPLC
100V
outlets
Electricity Electricity
(100V・200V) (100V)
Breaker
PC
Server
LMJ
LON-IP
G/W
Panasonic
DU
Metering
Aichi
Electricity
and water
metering
Ubiteq/Cisco
データ
収集PC
DU
200V Power
monitoring,
Digital
signage
LMJ
Wireless
temperature
sensor
NEC
Electricity
Sensor
Watanabe
Wireless
temperature
sensor
Yamatake
Data
spots
Additional system
Smart Meter
With Smart Phone
Smart Kiosk
Smart Tap
Smart Lights
Receiver
Smart HVAC
SmartTap
Smart Meter
With Smart Phone
Smart Kiosk
1. Multi-vendor
 More than 10 vendors
Tap thanSmart
Lights
2.Smart
More
2,000
points
3. Energy saving in 2011Smart HVAC
 44%(peak), 31%(total)
4. 2 year RoI
Receiver
SmartTap
工学部全体の電力見える化制御構成図
GUTP
施設課
施設課
GUTP
Connecting 5 Campuses on the Same Platform
Visualization
Service Provider
Archive and Share
IEEE1888 App
IEEE1888 Storage
Esaki Lab
CIMX
IEEE1888
IEEE1888
The Internet
IEEE1888
IEEE1888 GW
IEEE1888
IEEE1888 GW
IEEE1888
IEEE1888 GW
IEEE1888
IEEE1888 GW
IEEE1888
IEEE1888 GW
ALTER
BUILDING
HITACH
MITSUBISHI
KINKEI
PANASONIC
TOSHIBA
MEIDENSHA
特高受電
特高受電
Kashiwa
Campus
Shirogane
Campus
TAKAOKA
特高受電
集中検針
Hongo
Campus
350 points
受電設備
特高受電
KomabaⅠ
Campus
203 points
Komaba Ⅱ
Campus
32 points
Total: 665 points
48 points
22 points
26
RoI of investment
 less than 1 months
Tokyo Institute of Technology
Green Hills,No.1 Bldg
Microsoft Japan
HQ in Tokyo
Otsuka Corp. HQ
Shinryo Reinetsu
HQ and other buildings
Hitachi Info& Tele Eng Ltd.
Nakai Development Center
CANON S Tower
(Canon MJ HQ)
Tokyo Institute of Technology
Green Hills,No.1 Bldg
Otsuka Corp. HQ
in Tokyo
Chiba Univ.
Plant factory
Microsoft Japan
HQ in Tokyo
Hitachi Info& Tele Eng Ltd.
Nakai Development Center
SEIKO Solutoins
Factory in Thailand
CANON S Tower
(Canon MJ HQ)
GreenTALK - Number of Sales
(Sep. 2012 – Sep. 2014)
Installation Category
Number of Sales
Supermarkets and Shopping Malls (All and partial)
54
Factories
7
Drug stores
151
Buildings
3
“Pachinko” stores
227
[Standardization]
- IEEE1888 (March 2011)
- IEEE1888.1 Wide-area operation management
- IEEE1888.2 Scalable GW function
- IEEE1888.3 Security
- ISO/IEC JTC1 TC6 : Fast Track
- NIST SGIP B2G
北京で 約50か所
- China GB (国内標準)
上海 中国科学院 ビル
Thang Long
Industrial Park
(Vietnam)
管理棟
浜松市
(政令指定都市)
城北図書館
浜松市福祉交流センター
中央図書館
北部水泳場
Global/International collaboration
1. Beijing team (e.g., Tsinghua Univ., China
Telecom), China
(*) Including Standardization: IEEE1888
2.
3.
4.
5.
Chulalongkorn University, Thailand
IIT Hyderabad, India
UCB with Intel in USA
SGIP of NIST in USA
6.
7.
8.
9.
NTU(National Taiwan University), Taiwan
Vietnam with MIC (Japanese gov. support)
iDA in Singapore
UMPS/LIP6/CNRS in Paris, France
“Strategic use of Cloud & DC”
1. Facility on the Net(Cloud)
2. Computers into the Net
(Cloud/DC)
Private Cloud in our Lab.
Achievement: Saving 71% (2.52kW)!
Before
Faculty’s shared servers 0.647kW
Web, mail, DNS, group tool
(Essential servers…)
Infra-servers of our Lab. 1.595kW
After
Private cloud (stable)
0.794kW
Xen
Xen
VMware
ESXi
No failure since April 11
Nexsan SATABeast
Private cloud (experimental)
web/mail/radius/dns/document/misc
bld2-guest-gw/mozilla-miror/storage
Students’ machines
Xen
0.700kW
x10
Infra-servers in another Lab.
0.623kW
Xen
Private cloud in another Lab.
0.153kW
0.100kW
Xen
Using inexpensive model:HP ProLiant DL120 G6/G7
34
Private Cloud in our Lab.
Achievement: Saving 71% (2.52kW)!
Before
After
RoI of investment
Faculty’s shared servers
0.647kW
Private cloud (stable)
 6 months (w/ Xen
PUE=2.0)0.794kW
Web, mail, DNS, group tool
(Essential servers…)
1.595kW
Infra-servers of our Lab.
Xen
VMwar
e ESXi
“True” benefits for us;Nexsan SATABeast
0.153kW
1.Manageability Xen
of system
Xen
Students’ machines 0.700kW
2.BCP for power incidents 0.100kW
x10
Xen
Infra-servers
in another0.623kW
Lab.
3.Comfortable
environment
web/mail/radius/dns/document/misc
bld2-guest-gw/mozilla-miror/storage
No failure since April 11
Private cloud (experimental)
Private cloud in another Lab.
Using inexpensive model:HP ProLiant DL120 G6/G7
35
Tokyo Institute of Technology
Green Hills,No.1 Bldg
Best Current Practice
forSOLUTIONS
Commercial Building
SEIKO
Factory in Thailand
新菱冷熱工業
1. Facility management control
本社棟
by IEEE1888
2. Servers go to Data Center
= No server room in the bldg
Microsoft Japan
HQ in Tokyo
大塚商会 本社棟
Microsoft Japan
HQ in Tokyo
CANON S Tower
(Canon MJ HQ)
東京工業大学
Green Hills,No.1 Bldg
【Cost-saving清華大学
& QoE】
FIT棟
1. Initial cost (初期入居経費)
for
Microsoft Japan
computer room
HQ in Tokyo
Best Current Practice
2. During use of office (入居中)大塚商会 本社棟
for
Commercial
Building
SEIKO SOLUTIONS
3. Move out (退去時) cost forMicrosoft Japan
Factory
in Thailand
新菱冷熱工業
1. Facility
management
control
HQ in Tokyo
restoration
(現状復帰)
本社棟
by Internet architecture
(IEEE1888)
【BCP】
2. Servers go to Data Center
Intellectual
property
(知的財産)
= No a.
server
room in the
bldg
CANON
b. Remote office (遠隔業務)
S Tower
(Canon MJ HQ)
What happened on
Tokyo Local Government officer ?
1. Initial (Spring 2008)
i.
“Hate” Data Center, because of huge power consumption
and continuous increase.
2. Beginning 2010
i. Data Center is
”good” for reduce the power consumption
3. Now
i. Include the ”exception” for iDC into the “regulation” on the
CO2 carbon footprint reduction
ii.
”Promoting” to use iDC and cloud platform
38
Energy
Saving
BCP
Shared Multi-Purpose
ICT
TQC
& DC) for
Eco(Cloud
System
(Productivity)
Sustainable Growth
New
Services
Challenge of Global Platform
Example; Data Center or Cloud Service
• You can store and can compute the data, where
ever you want on the earth.
• You could not control where the data is stored
or is processed on the earth.
• Recognized as “national security issue”.
Then, it would leads to government regulation/law
• Business and company is larger foot-print than
country…..i.e., “Global economy”.
Which one you select/prefer ?
Viable
Walled
Garden
Enclosure/Lock-on
Common
New Business Pool
Model
Monetization
Open access
Decentralized
& Distributed
Exclusive/Proprietary
Command
& Control
Censorship
Regulation
Well
Controlled
Control
Cooperative/Open
No-Rule/
No-Regulation)
Boutique
Dependent & Stubborn)
Four Scenarios
1. Telecom Heaven
– Strong regulations by governments.
2. Boutique Networks
– Tunnels and NATs and AltRoots……fragmented….
3. Porous Garden Scenario
– Small group build their own garden, such as iPhone, Apple App Store
4. Common Pool Scenario
– Legacy Internet end-to-end model
“Internet by Design”
0. Global and Unique Infrastructure
1. Evidence & Experience Based Research
Reject: kings, presidents and voting.
Believe in: rough consensus and running code.
2.
Provide “alternatives”, intentionally
 New component with the same interface
 Open interface for legacy system
3. Best-Effort (e.g., stupid) Network and Intelligent
End-Node
Does not have any responsibility for end-to-end service
4.
Transparent


Anyone can do anything, with Opt-Out
One asset, for multiple purposes
5. Social infrastructure
 Autonomous, distributed, cooperation
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