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Veneto
TEAM RONALDINIO arriva prima di tutti,
guadagna meglio di tutti ed è sano!
Ronaldinio, il mais
grande in tutti i sensi.
5 ottimi motivi per scegliere il Team Ronaldinio per fare granella.
Tel. 0543 474611 - [email protected] - www.kws.it
:[email protected]@N@:FIK<@;@8>[email protected]@<D<[email protected]@[email protected]<[email protected]:8C<#9LIF:[email protected]#G8:[email protected]<J<:8CG<JK8K<
E\cc\ZXcc`[`M\e\q`X#
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KN PWQXQ IKQTPC
NGTGIKQPCNGEJG
XK CRRTGUVCVG C
NGIIGTG TCRRTG
UGPVC NC EQP
ETGVK\\C\KQPG
FK WP¶KFGC EJG
OK JC CEEQO
RCIPCVQ¿PFCNN¶KPK\KQFGNOCPFCVQ
WP¶KFGC PCVC FCNNC EQPUCRGXQNG\\C
FGNN¶KORQTVCP\C GPQTOG FGNNC EQ
OWPKEC\KQPG PGN FG¿PKTG TGNC\KQPK
GTCRRQTVKUWEWKEQUVTWKTGNGC\KQPK
URGEKCNOGPVGKPWPOQOGPVQFKETK
UKEQOGN¶CVVWCNG³).+#)4+%1.614+
8'0'6+´pHTWVVQFKWPCUEGNVCEJG
QTKIKPCFCWPRTQIGVVQEQPFKXKUQG
TGCNK\\CVQITC\KGCNNCXQNQPViEQOW
PG FGK RTGUKFGPVK EQPHGFGTCNK FGNNG
RTQXKPEG XGPGVG FK QVVKOK\\CTG NG
URGUG KORKGICPFQ NG TKUQTUG WOC
PG FK XCNQTG EJG %QPHCITKEQNVWTC
IKi RQUUKGFG 2GT HCTG FK RK~ UGP
\C EQUVCTG FK RK~ WPGPFQ NG HQT\G
RWPVCPFQCEQPEGPVTCTGNCECRCEKVi
OCUUKOCFKKORGIPQRGTOGVVGTGCN
EQTTGPVG INK CUUQEKCVK FGNNG CVVKXKVi
UKPFCECNK UXQNVG FCNNC NQTQ #UUQEKC
\KQPGGCNNQUVGUUQVGORQHCTGUGPVK
TGHQTVGNCXQEGFK%QPHCITKEQNVWTCKP
CODKVQTGIKQPCNGCRK~NKXGNNK
³).+#)4+%1.614+8'0'6+´EQPWPC
VKTCVWTCFKOKNCEQRKGHQTPKTiWPC
KPHQTOC\KQPGECRKNNCTGGEJKCTCRTG
XGFGPFQ CPEJG CRRTQHQPFKOGPVK G
URC\KRGTGURGTVKUWNNGVCPVGVGOCVK
EJGFGNPQUVTQUGVVQTG#EECPVQCNNG
PGYUNGVVGTGCKUQEKCNPGVYQTMGCINK
UVTWOGPVK RK~ OQFGTPK FGNN¶KPHQTOC
\KQPG UWK SWCNK EWTGTGOQ NC PQUVTC
RTGUGP\CSWGUVQIKQTPCNGECTVCEGQ
UCTi FWPSWG N¶GURTGUUKQPG OCPKHG
UVC FK %QPHCITKEQNVWTC 8GPGVQ PGK
EQPHTQPVKFGINKKPVGTNQEWVQTKFGNOQP
FQGEQPQOKEQRQNKVKEQUKPFCECNGG
UQEKCNGXGPGVQ%QPWPRTQRTKQRGUQ
URGEK¿EQKPHCVVQFKQRKPKQPG
$WQPCNGVVWTC
.QTGP\Q0KEQNK
&C#UVKC(KTGP\G4C
G\ij\ej`Y`c`qqXi\c\`jk`klq`fe`
IWUC$TGUEKC8GPG\KC
\cËfg`e`fe\glYYc`ZX
0CRQNK RGT EQKPXQNIG
TG KN OQPFQ RQNKVKEQ G
NCUQEKGViEKXKNG#ITKP
UKGOG JC QTICPK\\CVQ
KP HGDDTCKQ WPC UGTKG
FK GXGPVK EJG JCPPQ
OCPKHGUVCVQKNITCXGFK
UCIKQGNGFKH¿EQNViEJG
UQHHQECPQ N¶CITKEQNVWTC
KVCNKCPC + RTGUKFGPVK
FGNNG VTG 1TICPK\\C\KQ
PKEJGEQORQPIQPQKN
%QQTFKPCOGPVQ %QP
HCITKEQNVWTC%KCG#NNG
CP\CFGNNG%QQRGTCVKXG
CITQCNKOGPVCTK JCPPQ
CNVGTPCVQ K RTQRTK KP
VGTXGPVK KP OQNVKUUKOG
RKC\\G G TGIKQPK FGN
PQUVTQ 2CGUG EQP NC
RCTVGEKRC\KQPG FK UKPFCEK RTGHGVVK RTGUKFGPVK FGNNG %COGTG FK %QOOGTEKQ CUUGUUQTK G
RQNKVKEK#8GPG\KCKNEQTVGQFK%QPHCITKEQNVWTC8GPGVQEQPNGFGNGIC\KQPK#ITKPUKGOGFGNNG
RTQXKPEG UK p UPQFCVQ RCEKHKECOGPVG NWPIQ NG ECNNK KN HGDDTCKQ RCUUCPFQ FCXCPVK C
2CNC\\Q (GTTQ(KPK UGFG FGN %QPUKINKQ TGIKQPCNG HKPQ C %CORQ UCP /CWTK\KQ FQXG NG
OCUUKOGECTKEJGTGIKQPCNKGPC\KQPCNKFK#ITKPUKGOGJCPPQVQEECVQKRWPVKPGXTCNIKEKUW
EWKKPVGTXGPKTGRGTICTCPVKTGWPHWVWTQCNUGVVQTGRTKOCTKQXGPGVQGPC\KQPCNGTKUQNXGTG
NC SWGUVKQPG HKUECNG GXKVCPFQ XKEGPFG RCTCFQUUCNK EQOG SWGNNC FGNN¶+/7 EJG EQORQTVC
WPCIITCXKQFKOKNKQPKFKGWTQGKPVGTGUUGTiEQOWPKOQPVCPKRTKOCGUGPVCVK
CEEGNGTCTGN¶CRRNKEC\KQPGFGNNC2#%CRRTQXCTGTCRKFCOGPVGK254KPVGTXGPKTGUWKEQUVK
UVTWVVWTCNKGTKFWTTGNCDWTQETC\KCHCXQTKTG
N¶CIITGIC\KQPGFGHKPGPFQNGPQTOGRGTNG
1TICPK\\C\KQPK FK RTQFWVVQTK G N¶KPVGTRTQ
HGUUKQPGWPCIKWUVCRQNKVKECRGTN¶GPGTIKC
FC HQPVK TKPPQXCDKNK KPEGPVKXCTG N¶CVVKXKVi
#PPQ+0)GPPCKQ(GDDTCKQ
CITKEQNC EQOG UVTWOGPVQ FK IGUVKQPG FGN
2GTKQFKEQDKOGUVTCNG
VGTTKVQTKQ VWVGNCTG KN UGVVQTG NCVVKGTQ ± EC
UGCTKQ G NG CNVTG RTQFW\KQPK \QQVGEPKEJG
<[`kfi\1:fe]X^i`ZfckliX
TKXGFGTG N¶CRRNKEC\KQPG FGNNC &KTGVVKXC PK
i\k\g\icËX^i`ZfckliXm\e\kX
M`X:%Dfek\m\i[`#(,$D\jki\M<
VTCVK CRRNKECTG KN 2#0 (KVQUCPKVCTK KP OC
PKGTC EQORCVKDKNG EQP NG GUKIGP\G FGNNG
&KTGVVQTGTGURQPUCDKNG.WKUC4QUC
PQUVTG EQNVWTG URGEKCNK\\CVG .G KPK\KCVKXG
&KTGVVQTGGFKVQTKCNG'FQCTFQ%QOKQVVQ
PGNNGNQTQFKXGTUGOQFCNKVi
UKVKPKPEQP
4GFC\KQPG8KC<WRRCPK$GNNWPQ
VTK EQP K TCRRTGUGPVCPVK FGNNG KUVKVW\KQPK
2TQIGVVQITC¿EQ+FGCN.QQM4QXKIQ
OCPKHGUVC\KQPK CK ECUGNNK CWVQUVTCFCNK FK
5VCORC6KRQITC¿C2KCXG5TN$GNNWPQ
UVTKDW\KQPGFKRTQFQVVKJCPPQRTKXKNGIKCVQ
KN ECTCVVGTG RTQRQUKVKXQ FGNNG TKXGPFKEC
2QUVG +VCNKCPG 5RC 5RGFK\KQPG KP CDDQPC
\KQPK FGN UGVVQTG CITKEQNQ QTIQINKQUQ FGN
OGPVQRQUVCNG0'$.
TWQNQ PQP UQNQ GEQPQOKEQ EJG TKXGUVG G
+PEQTUQFKKUETK\KQPGCN6TKDWPCNGFK$GNNWPQ
PGNPQOGFGNNCFKIPKViFGNRTQRTKQNCXQTQ
#XXKCVQCNNCUVCORCKPFCVCHGDDTCKQ
EQOGEQORQPGPVGFGNUKUVGOC2CGUGPGN
EQPVGUVQGWTQRGQGKPVGTPC\KQPCNG
=fkf1;Xe`\c\Il[`Xe
%CTKCUUQEKCVK
*
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(—Xgi`c\#Ôe\[\cc\hlfk\cXkk\%
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+
+NOCT\QVGTOKPCFG¿PKVKXCOGPVGKNTGIKOGEJGJCTGIQNCOGPVCVQNC
RTQFW\KQPGFGNNCVVGKP'WTQRCFCNRTKOQCRTKNGPQPGUKUVGTCPPQ
RK~NGSWQVGNCVVGEJGUQRTCVVWVVQKP+VCNKCJCPPQETGCVQRQNGOKEJGG
VGPUKQPKPGNOQPFQFGINKCNNGXCVQTKSWCUK¿PFCNN¶KPK\KQFGNN¶CRRNKEC\KQPG
FGNUKUVGOCFGK³VGVVKFKRTQFW\KQPG´KPVTQFQVVQCNKXGNNQEQOWPKVCTKQPGN
RGTGXKVCTGN¶GEEGUUKXCRTGUGP\CFKNCVVGEQPNQUEQRQFKUCNXC
IWCTFCTPGKNRTG\\Q+TKUWNVCVKUKUQPQTKXGNCVKQRRQUVKCNN¶KPVGPVQKPK\KCNG
FKSWGUVCRQNKVKECFKIGUVKQPG1TCUKECODKCGOQNVQRTGQEEWRCPVKUQPQ
INKKPVGTTQICVKXKEJGUKRQPIQPQEQPNCNKDGTCNK\\C\KQPGFGNNCRTQFW\KQPG
NCVVKGTCSWCNKEQPVTCEEQNRKUKCXTCPPQPGNEQORCTVQCNKXGNNQKPVGTPC\KQ
PCNGPC\KQPCNGGXGPGVQGSWKPFKPGNNGVCUEJGFGINKCNNGXCVQTK!
.GRTQDNGOCVKEJGCHHTQPVCVGCNEQPXGIPQ³&QRQNGSWQVGNCVVG5XKNWRRK
ETKVKEKViGQRRQTVWPKViRGTINKCNNGXCVQTKFGNXGPGVQ´QTICPK\\CVQFC%QP
HCITKEQNVWTC6TGXKUQJCPPQHCVVQCHÀWKTGKNHGDDTCKQPGNNCUGFGFGNN¶CU
UQEKC\KQPGC%CUVCIPQNGFK2CGUGWPEGPVKPCKQFKCNNGXCVQTKFCVWVVQ
KN8GPGVQKPFKRGPFGPVGOGPVGFCNN¶QTICPK\\C\KQPGUKPFCECNGFKCRRCTVG
PGP\C6CPVQpUVCVQN¶KPVGTGUUGGECNFGNGVGOCVKEJGKPFKUEWUUKQPG
EJGN¶KPEQPVTQUKpRTQVTCVVQ¿PQCNRTKOQRQOGTKIIKQEQPWPEQPHTQPVQ
FKTGVVQ G UEJKGVVQ VTC INK CNNGXCVQTK G TGNCVQTK EQOG *GTDGTV &QTHOCPP
GWTQRCTNCOGPVCTGEQORQPGPVGFGNNC%QOOKUUKQPGRGTN¶CITKEQNVWTCG
NQUXKNWRRQTWTCNG)KWUGRRG%CUVKINKQPGUQVVQUGITGVCTKQFGNOKPKUVGTQ
FGNNG2QNKVKEJGCITKEQNG(TCPEQ/CP\CVQCUUGUUQTGCNN¶#ITKEQNVWTCFGNNC
4GIKQPG8GPGVQG#NDGTVQ/GPIJKTKEGTECVQTG%42#5RC
%GPVTQTKEGT
EJGRTQFW\KQPKCPKOCNK
(CDKQ%WTVQRTGUKFGPVGFGNNC5G\KQPGGEQPQOK
ECTGIKQPCNGFGNNCVVGFK%QPHCITKEQNVWTC8GPGVQ
PGNNCHQVQCNCVQJCRQUVQKVGTOKPKFGNNCSWG
UVKQPGINKCNNGXCVQTKIKiHQTVGOGPVGKPETKUKRGT
KNXGTVKIKPQUQECNQFGKRTG\\KFKXGPFKVCEJGPQP
RGTOGVVGFKEQRTKTGPGOOGPQKEQUVKGURKPIG
CNNCEJKWUWTCFGNNGUVCNNGCOGPQFKFWGOGUK
FCNVGTOKPGFGNNGSWQVGNCVVGUKTKVTQXCPQCPEQ
TCUGP\CNGTKURQUVGPGEGUUCTKGRGTRTQITCOOC
TGNCNQTQCVVKXKViPGNN¶KOOGFKCVQHWVWTQ
.QTGP\Q 0KEQNK RTGUKFGPVG FK %QPHCITKEQNVWTC 8GPGVQ JC GURTGUUQ NC
ITCPFGRTGQEEWRC\KQPGFGNUGVVQTGRTKOCTKQRGTSWCPVQCEECFGKP+VCNKC
FCWPCSWKPFKEKPCF¶CPPKEQPWPRTQITGUUKXQCDDCPFQPQFKRTQFQVVK
UVTCVGIKEKEQOGCFGUGORKQNCRTQFW\KQPGFGNNCDCTDCDKGVQNCFC\WE
EJGTQ³+NPQUVTQVKOQTG±JCFGVVQ±pEJGNCUVGUUCUQTVGRQUUCCXGTNC
NC\QQVGEPKCFCNCVVG´
8ccËfi`qqfek\elfm\kliYfc\eq\[`d\iZXkf
\ZXcf[\`gi\qq`g\i^c`Xcc\mXkfi`
#NDGTVQ /GPIJK JC CR
RTQHQPFKVQ EQP TKEGTEJG G
XCNWVC\KQPK UVCVKUVKEJG NG
FKPCOKEJGFGNNCRTQFW\KQPG
GFGKRTG\\KFGNNCVVGCNKXGNNQ
OQPFKCNG GWTQRGQ PC\KQ
PCNGGTGIKQPCNG+NSWCFTQ
RGT NC RTQFW\KQPG KVCNKCPC
G XGPGVC p CNNCTOCPVG KP
SWCPVQ OGPVTG VTGPV¶CPPK
HCSWCPFQHWTQPQKPVTQFQV
VGNGSWQVGNCVVGKNRTG\\QFGNNCVVGKVCNKCPQGTCKNFQRRKQFGINKCNVTK2CGUK
GZVTCGWTQRGKQTCpRTGUUQEJoWIWCNG+NTGNCVQTGJCTKHGTKVQEJGPGN
FQRQWPRCKQFKCPPKFKETGUEKVCKNRTG\\QFGNNCVVGCNKXGNNQGWTQRGQGTC
FKGWTQCNSWKPVCNGOCPGNRGTKQFQFKTKHGTKOGPVQFGNN¶CPPQ
pUEGUQXGTVKIKPQUCOGPVGCGWTQCNSWKPVCNG.CECWUCXCTKEGTECVC
PGNUWTRNWUFKRTQFW\KQPGOQPFKCNGKPRCTVKEQNCTGFCNNC0WQXC<GNCPFC
GFCINK75#%KyUVCOGVVGPFQKPITQUUCFKH¿EQNViKPQUVTKRTQFQVVKNCVVKGTQ
ECUGCTKCPEJG&12EQOGKNITCPCRCUUCVQFCCGWTQCNEJKNQ
*GTDGTV&QTHOCPPJCKPHQTOCVQEJGTGEGPVGOGPVGNC%QOWPKViGWTQ
RGCUKpFQVCVCFKWPQUVTWOGPVQFKOQPKVQTCIIKQRTG\\KGTKVKGPGEJGNG
ECWUGFGNECNQFKRTG\\QUKCPQKORWVCDKNKCNDNQEEQFGNN¶GZRQTVXGTUQNC
4WUUKCCNTCNNGPVCOGPVQFGNNGGURQTVC\KQPKXGTUQNC%KPCGK2CGUKCUKCVK
EKGCNECNQFGKEQPUWOKKP'WTQRC6TCINKKPVGTXGPVKEJGRQUUQPQCKWVCTG
KNUGVVQTGKN³2CEEJGVVQNCVVG´RTGXGFGC\KQPKXQNVGCNEQPVTQNNQFGKXQNWOK
RTQFWVVKXK&12CNWPICUVCIKQPCVWTCGUCTGDDGWPGTTQTGCVVWCTGWPKPVGT
XGPVQUWNRTG\\QRGTEJoUKKPEGPVKXGTGDDGTQCPEQTFKRK~K2CGUKEJGJCP
PQITCPFKECRCEKViRTQFWVVKXG5VTWOGPVKEQOGN¶GVKEJGVVCVWTCUWNNCVVG
CNKOGPVCTGPQPUQPQNCUQNW\KQPGFGNRTQDNGOCKPSWCPVQFCNNGKPFCIKPK
GHHGVVWCVGCNKXGNNQGWTQRGQEQPHGTOCVGCPEJGFCNNCTGNC\KQPGFK/GP
IJKKNEQPUWOCVQTGUKFKEGKPVGTGUUCVQCSWCNKViGQTKIKPGFGNRTQFQVVQ
OCRQKCESWKUVCIWCTFCPFQCNRTG\\Q.¶GWTQRCTNCOGPVCTGJCTKDCFKVQ
NCPGEGUUKViFKEQPEGPVTCTGKNRTQFQVVQRWPVCPFQUW&12GSWCNKViWPKTG
INKCVVQTKFGNNC¿NKGTCGCPFCTGXGTUQSWGK2CGUKEJGJCPPQRQUUKDKNKViFK
CESWKUVQEQOGKOGTECVKUVCVWPKVGPUKGECPCFGUK2GTINKCNNGXCVQTKFK
OQPVCIPCKP¿PGDKUQIPCKPVGTXGPKTGEQPWPUQUVGIPQFKTGVVQCNRTQFWV
Gi\qq`XccXjkXccX\gi\qq`XcZfejldf
0GNKNNCVVGGTCRCICVQCNN¶CNNGXCVQTGNKTGCNNKVTQOGP
VTGKNRTQFQVVQHTGUEQRCUVQTK\\CVQCNEQPUWOQEQUVCXCNKTG
KNRTG\\QFGNNCOCVGTKCRTKOCKPEKFGXCFWPSWGRGTKN
8GPVWPCPPKFQRQPGNKNNCVVGCNNCUVCNNCXGPKXCRCICVQ
EKTECNKTGCNNKVTQOGPVTGKNRTG\\QFGNHTGUEQRCUVQTK\\CVQ
CN EQPUWOQ GTC RCUUCVQ C NKTG CN NKVTQ KN RTG\\Q FGNNC
OCVGTKC RTKOC KPEKFGXC RGT KN ' XGPKCOQ CN WP
NKVTQFKNCVVGHTGUEQQIIKEQUVCFCGWTQ¿PQC
GWTQPGNNCITCPFGFKUVTKDW\KQPGOCCNN¶CNNGXCVQTGKVCNKCPQXKGPG
RCICVQKPVQTPQCKEGPVGUKOK1IIKNCOCVGTKCRTKOCKPEKFG
RGTEKTECKN.GC\KGPFGCITKEQNGPQPTKGUEQPQRK~CEQRTKTG
K EQUVK FK RTQFW\KQPG OGPVTG NC )&1 PQP UECN¿UEG K RTQRTK
OCTIKPKFKIWCFCIPQ
/QNVGUVCNNGJCPPQEJKWUQCNVTGUQPQCTKUEJKQ
C8KK<N;8CK8MFCFG<[email protected]<>EF<[email protected]@FE<;<[email protected]@<I8C8KK<[email protected]@[email protected]=
@ekXekfXii`mXle[\Zi\kf
Èg\ii`cXeZ`Xi\`cj\kkfi\É
³&QDDKCOQFCTGWPCUXQNVCCKTCRRQTVKPGNUGVVQTGFGNNCVVGGUWRGTC
TGINKQUVCEQNKUVTWVVWTCNKEJGFCCPPKEKVTCUEKPKCOQGEJGRGPCNK\\CPQ
UQRTCVVWVVQINKCNNGXCVQTK´NQJCCHHGTOCVQKNOKPKUVTQFGNN¶#ITKEQNVWTC
/CWTK\KQ/CTVKPCCN6CXQNQFGNNCVVGN¶HGDDTCKQPGNRTGUGPVCTGNG
OKUWTGRGTTCHHQT\CTGN¶QTICPK\\C\KQPGGEQPQOKECFGNNCRTQFW\KQPGG
FGNN¶KPVGTRTQHGUUKQPGPGNNC¿NKGTCNCVVKGTQECUGCTKC*CPPQRCTVGEKRC
VQCNNCTKWPKQPGINKCUUGUUQTKCNN¶CITKEQNVWTCFGNNG4GIKQPK.QODCTFKC
'OKNKC4QOCIPC.C\KQ%CORCPKC2WINKC(TKWNK8GPG\KC)KWNKCGNG
FGNGIC\KQPK FGNNG RTKPEKRCNK QTICPK\\C\KQPK CITKEQNG G KPFWUVTKCNK FGN
EQORCTVQ .C XQNQPVi p TCHHQT\CTG N¶QTICPK\\C\KQPG GEQPQOKEC FGN
NCRTQFW\KQPGCITKEQNCGFGNN¶KPVGTRTQHGUUKQPCNKViEQPVTCVVWCNGGCNNQ
UVGUUQVGORQTKHQTOCTGKNFGETGVQOKPKUVGTKCNGFKCRRNKEC\KQPGFGN2CE
EJGVVQNCVVG³2GTSWGUVQKPVGPFKCOQTCHHQT\CTGNCEQNNCDQTC\KQPGVTC
/KPKUVGTQG#PVKVTWUV´+N/KRCCHEQPNCEQNNCDQTC\KQPGFK+UOGCHCTi
WPOQPKVQTCIIKQRGTKQFKEQFGNNGRTKPEKRCNKENCUUKFKRTQFQVVKCITKEQNK
UWNN¶CPFCOGPVQFGKEQUVKOGFKFKRTQFW\KQPGFGKRTG\\KFGKRTQFQVVK
RCICVKCKRTQFWVVQTKGFKSWGNNKRTCVKECVKCNEQPUWOCVQTG³.CFFQXGUK
TKUEQPVTCUUGTQFGNNGRTCVKEJGUNGCNKUKCOQRTQPVKCRTQEGFGTGEQPNG
FQXWVGUGIPCNC\KQPKCNN¶#WVQTKViICTCPVG´
&WGNGRTKPEKRCNKPQXKViPGNNCTKHQTOCFGNFGETGVQUWN2CEEJGVVQ.CVVG
OCIIKQTK ICTCP\KG EQPVTCVVWCNK RGT K RTQFWVVQTK EQP ENCWUQNG QDDNK
ICVQTKG UW FWTCVC G TKURGVVQ FGN RTKPEKRKQ FK DWQPC RTCUUK PQPEJo
WPUKUVGOCUCP\KQPCVQTKQRGTNGKPQUUGTXCP\GGN¶KUVKVW\KQPGFKWPC
%QOOKUUKQPG KPVGTRTQHGUUKQPCNG .CVVG EQP KN EQORKVQ FK KPFKECTG NG
DWQPGRTCVKEJGNGVGPFGP\GFGKRTG\\KGFGKEQUVKFKRTQFW\KQPG³5WN
HTQPVGFGNN¶GVKEJGVVCVWTCCDDKCOQRTQRQUVQCNNC¿NKGTCFKFCTGWP¶KPHQT
OC\KQPGEJKCTCGQOQIGPGCCKEQPUWOCVQTKUWNNWQIQFKOWPIKVWTC´
JCFGVVQ/CTVKPC
VQTG7PRTKOQRCUUQFKXCNQTK\\C\KQPGFGKRTQFQVVKFKSWGUVCCTGCpUVCVQ
HCVVQEQPN¶KPVTQFW\KQPGFGNOCTEJKQGWTQRGQ³.CVVGFKOQPVCIPC´GCNVTK
KPVGTXGPVKFGXQPQGUUGTGCVVWCVKCVVTCXGTUQNC2CE
(TCPEQ /CP\CVQ JC CPPWPEKCVQ WP UWOOKV UWN ³FQRQ SWQVG´ EQP K
TCRRTGUGPVCPVK FK VWVVQ KN OQPFQ CITKEQNQ RTGXKUVQ CINK KPK\K FK OCT\Q
+P OGTKVQ CN RTQUUKOQ 2UT ³ #DDKCOQ RWPVCVQ C UQUVGPGTG N¶KORTGUC
CITKEQNC±JCTKOCTECVQGCVCN¿PGCDDKCOQCWOGPVCVQNGTKUQTUGEJG
PGNNCUEQTUCRTQITCOOC\KQPGGTCPQFKOKNKQPKRQTVCPFQNGC
OKNKQPK.¶KPVGITC\KQPGRTQXKGPGFCK¿PCP\KCOGPVKEJGPGNRCUUCVQGTCPQ
FGUVKPCVKCDGPG¿EKCTKRWDDNKEKQRCTCRWDDNKEK´
)KWUGRRG%CUVKINKQPGPGNTKPITC\KCTGRGTN¶QEECUKQPGFKEQPHTQPVQEQP
NCTGCNViVGTTKVQTKCNGJCKPHQTOCVQNCRNCVGCFKCXGTIKiCHHTQPVCVQKPUKGOG
CNN¶QPQTGXQNG&QTHOCPPCNEWPGSWGUVKQPK³5GEQPFQKN)QXGTPQN¶CITKEQN
VWTCPQPpUQNQRTQFW\KQPGCNKOGPVCTG±JCURKGICVQOCpCPEJG
CODKGPVGCUUGVVQFGNVGTTKVQTKQGSWKNKDTKQKFTQIGQNQIKEQ5WNTKUEJKQENK
OCVKEQPC\KQPCNGEKUQPQFGKHQPFKEJGRQVTCPPQGPVTCTGKPIKQEQCPEJG
PGNUGVVQTGRTKOCTKQ$KUQIPGTiEGTVCOGPVGKPVGTXGPKTGUWNNCXQNCVKNKVi
FGKRTG\\KGUWKRTQDNGOKEJGQIIKUQPQGOGTUK´
.QFQXKEQ)KWUVKPKCPKRTGUKFGPVGFK%QPHCITKEQNVWTC6TGXKUQKPEJKWUWTC
FGNN¶KPEQPVTQJCUQNNGXCVQKNRTQDNGOCFGNNCTCRRTGUGPVCP\CCKXCTKNKXGNNK
FGNOQPFQCITKEQNQUGIPCNCPFQEJGKPFKXGTUKECUKNGXGTGRTQDNGOCVKEJG
FGNUGVVQTGUQPQRCUUCVGKPUGEQPFQRKCPQGEQOGUKCUVCVCUEQPEGTVCPVG
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WUCVKRGTINKCNVTKGNGOGPVKFGUETKVVKXK
%KTEQNCTG2TQV0FGNFKEGODTG
[email protected]@[email protected]@:FCFN8CFE@>F:FEM<>EF;@M<E<KF8>I@:FCKLI8$<LIFG<;@I<:KM<E<KF
Gif[lq`fe\`eZXcf%DX`cd\iZXkfk`\e\
³.CFKPCOKEKViFGNUGVVQTGXKVKXKPKEQNQXGPGVQpUQVVQINKQEEJK
FK VWVVK PQPQUVCPVG WPC XGPFGOOKC RCTVKEQNCTOGPVG FKH¿EKNG´
JCEQOOGPVCVQN¶CUUGUUQTG(TCPEQ/CP\CVQCNEQPXGIPQFGN
IGPPCKQQTICPK\\CVQC.QPKIQ
8+FC8GPGVQ#ITKEQNVWTCG4GIKQ
PG8GPGVQRGTRTGUGPVCTGKNEQPUWPVKXQFGNNCXGPFGOOKC+N
FCVQRK~UKIPK¿ECVKXQpRWTVTQRRQKNECNQFGNNCRTQFW\KQPGFKWXC
TKURGVVQCNGFKXKPQEQPXCTKC\KQPKEJGXCP
PQFCNFGNNCRTQXKPEKCFK8KEGP\CCNFK6TGXKUQ
+NOGTECVQGUVGTQVKGPG3WCPVKVCVKXKFKRTQFW\KQPGCRCTVGGPQPQ
UVCPVGNCETKUKIGPGTCNGKNEQORCTVQXKVKXKPKEQNQTGIKQPCNGpKPETGUEK
VCRGTSWCPVQTKIWCTFCNGGURQTVC\KQPKEQPWPFKPGKRTKOK
PQXGOGUKFGN0GNNCPQUVTCTGIKQPGUKpCXWVCWPCRTQFW\KQPG
FKSWKPVCNKKPHQTVGECNQTKURGVVQCNNCXGPFGOOKC
SWCPFQKSWKPVCNKTCEEQNVKGTCPQUVCVK+PVGTOKPKRGTEGP
VWCNKUKVTCVVCFKWPFQXWVQCNNGGEEGUUKXGRKQIIGGUVKXGEJG
JCPPQVQTOGPVCVQN¶KPVGTCHCUGFKOCVWTC\KQPGFGNNGWXG
.CXGPFGOOKCPGN8GPGVQJCXK
UVQWPCRTQFW\KQPGFKSWKP
VCNKFKWXCRGTXKPK&1
TKURGVVQ
CNGSWKPVCNKFKWXC
RGT XKPK +)6 UWN #NVTK SWKPVCNK FK WXC UQPQ
KPXGEGFGUVKPCVKCNNCRTQFW\KQPGFKXKPQGXKPQXCTKGVCNG+NXKPQ
GURQTVCVQFCN8GPGVQ
EJGXCNGQNVTGWPVGT\QFGNN¶GZRQTVFKXKPQ
KVCNKCPQpWPHCVVQTGFKVTCKPQEJGPQPJCOCKUOGUUQFKETGUEG
TGPGINKWNVKOKCPPKVQVCNK\\CPFQWPPWQXQTGEQTFVTCIGPPCKQG
UGVVGODTGFGNEQPOKNKCTFKFKGWTQGWPVCUUQFKETGUEK
VCRCTKCNTKURGVVQCNNQUVGUUQRGTKQFQFGN7PCFGNNG
EJKCXKFKSWGUVQUWEEGUUQCNN¶GUVGTQpKNXKPQURWOCPVGEJGUKUVC
CHHGTOCPFQ CFFKTKVVWTC EQOG DGXCPFC FK EQPUWOQ SWQVKFKCPQ
FCNCNNQURWOCPVGGURQTVCVQFCNNCPQUVTCTGIKQPG
JCTCIIKWPVQVCUUKFKETGUEKVCCPPWCNKKPXCNQTGGKPSWCPVKViOCK
KPHGTKQTKCN
Jf[[`j]Xq`fe`
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=ifek\^^`Xi\c\Zi`k`Z`k~
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E\cg`Xefgi\j\ekXkfXckXmfcf[`Ôc`\iX#
cXgifdfq`fe\[\ccXhlXc`k~`kXc`XeX
\`cgfj`q`feXd\ekfjl`d\iZXk`%
:fe]X^i`ZfckliXZ_`\[\`efcki\elfm\
]fid\[`Zi\[`kf
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+N UGVVQTG QNKXKEQNQ EQODCVVG FC UGORTG EQPVTQ ITCPFK ETKVK
EKVi UVTWVVWTCNK VTWHHG G EQPVTCHHC\KQPK SWGUV¶WNVKOC CPPCVC p
UVCVC KPQNVTG EQPFK\KQPCVC FC OCNVGORQ G ¿VQRCVKG EJG JCPPQ
HCNEKFKCVQ NC RTQFW\KQPG WP RKCPQ WTIGPVG C UQUVGIPQ FGN UGV
VQTGpSWCPVQOCKPGEGUUCTKQ.QJCTKDCFKVQKNRTGUKFGPVGFGNNC
(GFGTC\KQPG PC\KQPCNG QNKXKEQNC FK %QPHCITKEQNVWTC &QPCVQ 4QU
UK KPVGTXGPWVQ KN IGPPCKQ CNNC TKWPKQPG FGN VCXQNQ FK ¿NKGTC
QNKXKEQNQQNGCTKQ KPFGVVQ FCN OKPKUVGTQ RGT NG 2QNKVKEJG CITKEQNG
EQPKTCRRTGUGPVCPVKFGNNGQTICPK\\C\KQPKCITKEQNGFGKRTQFWVVQ
TKFGNN¶KPFWUVTKCFKVTCUHQTOC\KQPGGFGNNCEQOOGTEKCNK\\C\KQPG
0GNEQTUQFGNN¶KPEQPVTQCEWKJCRCTVGEKRCVQKNOKPKUVTQ/CWTK\KQ
/CTVKPC p UVCVQ HCVVQ KN RWPVQ UWNNC UKVWC\KQPG FGNN¶QNKXKEQNVWTC
KVCNKCPCGUQPQUVCVGFKUEWUUGNGOKUWTGRGTOKINKQTCTGNCEQO
RGVKVKXKViFGNUGVVQTG
&QPCVQ4QUUKJCEQPEQTFCVQUWNNGSWCVVTQNKPGGRTQITCOOCVKEJG
KPFKECVG FCN OKPKUVTQ SWCNK¿EC\KQPG FGN RTQFQVVQ RGT VWVGNCTG G
RTQOWQXGTGNCSWCNKViFGNRTQFQVVQKVCNKCPQGHCXQTKTPGKNRQUK\KQ
PCOGPVQ UWK OGTECVK CPEJG KPVGTPC\KQPCNK OKINKQTCOGPVQ FGNNC
UVTWVVWTC\KQPGFK¿NKGTCRGTTGPFGTNCRK~EQGUCRK~GH¿ECEGRQNKVKEC
FKEQOWPKEC\KQPGKPVTQFW\KQPGFKGNGOGPVKKPPQXCVKXKEQINKGPFQ
NGQRRQTVWPKViNGICVGCNN¶'ZRQFK/KNCPQ
.¶+VCNKCpKNUGEQPFQRCGUGQNKXKEQNQKP'WTQRCFQRQNC5RCIPC
EQPOKNKQPKFKRKCPVG
³.¶QNKQ p WP UGVVQTG UVTCVGIKEQ RGT N¶CITQCNKOGPVCTG KVCNKCPQ JC
CHHGTOCVQKNOKPKUVTQ/CTVKPCRGTSWGUVQCDDKCOQRTQRQUVQCNNC
¿NKGTCWPRKCPQCTVKEQNCVQFKC\KQPKFKDTGXGGNWPIQRGTKQFQ#D
DKCOQXKUUWVQWP¶CPPCVCEQORNKECVCGRGTSWGUVQIKiPGNNGRTQU
UKOGQTGOGVVGTGOQKPECORQEQPNGTGIKQPKWPCUGTKGFKC\KQPK
EJGCDDKCPQGHHGVVQPGNN¶KOOGFKCVQ0GNNCTKRCTVK\KQPGFGINKCKWVK
CEEQRRKCVKCDDKCOQIKiUVCP\KCVQQNVTGOKNKQPKFKGWTQCNN¶CPPQ
RGT N¶QNKXKEQNVWTC OC XQINKCOQ KPVGTXGPKTG CPEJG EQP K HQPFK FK
UXKNWRRQTWTCNGIKiFCNNCRTQUUKOCRTKOCXGTC´
³5QRTCVVWVVQ±JCRTGEKUCVQKNRTGUKFGPVGFGNNC(GFGTC\KQPGQNKXKEQ
NCFK%QPHCITKEQNVWTCDKUQIPCHCXQTKTGN¶KPVGTPC\KQPCNK\\C\KQPGWP
RGTEQTUQ QDDNKICVQ RGT NG KORTGUG EJG VTQRRQ URGUUQ p DNQEECVQ
&CNPQXGODTGQDDNKIQFKDQVVKINKGEQPUKIKNNQCP
VKOCPQOKUUKQPGRGTKORGFKTGKNTCDDQEEQFGNN¶QNKQFGXQPQ
GUUGTPGFQVCVKKRWDDNKEKGUGTEK\KEJGRTQRQPIQPQCKENKGPVK
QNKQ FK QNKXC .G EQPHG\KQPK HCVVK UCNXK INK WUK FK EWEKPC G
RTGRCTC\KQPGFGKRCUVKFGXQPQGUUGTGRTGUGPVCVGGVKEJGV
VCVGEQPHQTOGOGPVGCNNCPQTOCVKXCXKIGPVGGEQPKFQPGQ
FKURQUKVKXQFKEJKWUWTCKPOQFQEJGKNEQPVGPWVQPQPRQUUC
GUUGTGOQFK¿ECVQUGP\CEJGNCEQPHG\KQPGPGUKCCNVGTCVC
+EQPVGPKVQTKFGXQPQKPQNVTGGUUGTGRTQXXKUVKFKWPUKUVGOC
FKRTQVG\KQPGEJGPQPPGRGTOGVVCKNTKWVKNK\\QFQRQN¶GUCW
TKOGPVQ FGN EQPVGPWVQ QTKIKPCNG KPFKECVQ KP GVKEJGVVC .G
UCP\KQPKXCPPQFCOKNNGCOKNCGWTQ
.GIIGIGPPCKQGNGIIGQVVQDTG
FCCRRGUCPVKOGPVKDWTQETCVKEK'DKUQIPCKPVGTXGPKTGUWNHTQPVGFGN
ETGFKVQRGTEJoPQPDCUVCNCUQURGPUKQPGFGKOWVWKOCQEEQTTQPQ
FCRCTVGFGNNGDCPEJGUVTWOGPVK¿PCP\KCTKPWQXKEJGUQUVGPICPQ
TGCNOGPVGNGKORTGUG#NVTKOGPVKKRTQDNGOKFKKPFGDKVCOGPVQPQP
XGTTCPPQTKUQNVKOCUQNQTKOCPFCVKCPWQXCUECFGP\C´
³$KUQIPCHCXQTKTGKNRCUUCIIKQCFWP¶QNKXKEQNVWTC³FCTGFFKVQ´±JC
EQPENWUQ&QPCVQ4QUUKCXXKCPFQPWQXKKORKCPVKQNKXKEQNKUWRGTKP
VGPUKXKRGTQVVGPGTGWPDTCPFEQORGVKVKXQEJGTCHHQT\KNGSWCPVKViG
HCEEKCTKFWTTGKEQUVKTGUVCPFQUGORTGFKQVVKOCSWCNKVi´
<ogfM\e\kf1X[\i`jZ\
XeZ_\:fe]X^i`ZfckliX
'ZRQ8GPGVQpWPRQTVC
NG EQPVGPGPVG INK GXGPVK
RTQRQUVK FCN UKUVGOC
RTQFWVVKXQFCGPVKGCUUQEKC\KQPKTGIKQPCNKEJGUKVGTTCPPQ
FCNN¶OCIIKQCNQVVQDTGCNN¶'ZRQFK/KNCPQOGVVG
KPQNVTGCFKURQUK\KQPGWPGNGPEQFKUGTXK\KCUWRRQTVQFGNNC
RCTVGEKRC\KQPGRK~CFGIWCVCCNRTQIGVVQ#NNCRTGUGPVC\KQ
PGFGNN¶KPK\KCVKXCEWKCFGTKUEQPQCUUQEKC\KQPKFKECVGIQ
TKCHTCEWK%QPHCITKEQNVWTC8GPGVQG5KPFCECVKFGKNCXQTC
VQTKGTCRTGUGPVGCPEJGKNRTGUKFGPVG.QTGP\Q0KEQNK
0
ELKI@<N:FE=8>I@:FCKLI8M<E<KF?8:?@<JKF8CC8I<>@FE<[email protected]<;@:FEK<[email protected]<EKFF<[email protected]@[email protected]<
Gi\m\e`i\g\i
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#NN¶KPFQOCPKFGNNCEKTEQNCTGCRRNKECVKXCFGNPWQXQSWCFTQPQTOC
VKXQPC\KQPCNGEJGGUENWFGFCNNCHCWPCUGNXCVKECNGPWVTKGTGPFGPFQ
FK HCVVQ KPCRRNKECDKNK K RKCPK FK EQPVGPKOGPVQ FK SWGUVQ TQFKVQTG KN
RTGUKFGPVGTGIKQPCNGFK%QPHCITKEQNVWTC.QTGP\Q0KEQNKEQPKNEQNNGIC
FGNNC%KC(NCXKQ(WTNCPKJCGXKFGP\KCVQKNRTQDNGOCKPWPCNGVVGTCCINK
CUUGUUQTKTGIKQPCNKEQORGVGPVK
2GTNGECORCIPGXGPGVGCVVTCXGTUCVGFCEQTUKF¶CESWCGECPCNKF¶KT
TKIC\KQPG NC PWVTKC p FC UGORTG EQPUKFGTCVC WP CWVGPVKEQ ÀCIGNNQ
CNRWPVQEJGPQPQUVCPVGNGRQNKVKEJGFKEQPVTQNNQOGUUGKPCVVQFCNNC
4GIKQPGGFCNNGXCTKGCOOKPKUVTC\KQPKRTQXKPEKCNKNGRTCVKEJGFKEQPVG
PKOGPVQJCPPQUQTVKVQRQEJKGHHGVVK3WGUVQCPKOCNGEQPVKPWCCETGCTG
FCPPKFKTKNKGXQCECTKEQFGNNGEQNVKXC\KQPKGFGKEQTUKF¶CESWCEQP
VCPGNWPIQINKCTIKPKEJGRTQXQECPQHQPVCPC\\KEGFKOGPVKFKUEQNKPG
HQUUK G RGT¿PQ DCPEJKPG UVTCFCNK ETGCPFQ RTQDNGOK EQPVKPWK EQOG
DGPUCPPQCPEJGK%QPUQT\KFKDQPK¿EC)TCPRCTVGFGINKCITKEQNVQTK
KPQNVTGXKUVQN¶KTTKUQTKQKPFGPPK\\QQVVGPWVQJCTKPWPEKCVQFCVGORQC
RTGUGPVCTGNGKUVCP\GFKTKUCTEKOGPVQRTGUUQNG2TQXKPEG
2GTSWGUVKOQVKXKSWCPFQNCUEQTUCGUVCVGKN)QXGTPQEQPKNFGETGVQ
EQORGVKVKXKViOQFK¿EyNCNGIIGUWNNCHCWPCUGNXCVKECGKNRTG
NKGXQXGPCVQTKQGKPENWUGNCPWVTKCPGNNCECVGIQTKCFGKTCVVKVQRKVCNRG
G CNVTG CTXKEQNG FGETGVCPFQPG N¶WEEKUKQPG EQP QIPK OG\\Q KP OQNVK
RGPUCTQPQEJGKNÀCIGNNQCXTGDDGRQVWVQGUUGTG¿PCNOGPVGGNKOKPCVQ
/CUKVTCVVyUQNQFKWPCDTGXGKNNWUKQPG#NNCNWEGFKVCNGPQTOCUQPQ
UVCVKKPHCVVKUQURGUKKRKCPKRTQXKPEKCNKFKEQPVGPKOGPVQPWOGTKEQFGN
TQFKVQTGETGCPFQFKHCVVQWPXWQVQPQTOCVKXQ
.CUWEEGUUKXCEKTEQNCTGFGKOKPKUVGTKFGNNC5CNWVGGFGNNG2QNKVKEJGCITK
EQNGFGNQVVQDTGJCEQPENWUQN¶KVGTNGIKUNCVKXQCXXKCVQTKDC
FGPFQEJGNGPWVTKGUQPQGSWKRCTCVGCINKCPKOCNKKPHGUVCPVKGFCPPQUK
GSWKPFKEQPVTQFKGUUGpRQUUKDKNGN¶WVKNK\\QFKVWVVKINKUVTWOGPVKUKPQTC
KORKGICVKRGTNGURGEKGPQEKXGEQPN¶QDKGVVKXQCPEJGFGNN¶GNKOKPC\KQPG
VQVCNGCPCNQICOGPVGCSWCPVQUKHCPGNNGFGTCVVK\\C\KQPK+PQNVTGp
CXefidXZ_\\jZcl[\`ÈZXjkfi`e`É
[XccX]XleXj\cmXk`ZXi\e[\`eXggc`ZXY`c`
`g`Xe`[`Zfek\e`d\ekf
GURTGUUCOGPVGRTGXKUVCNCPQPCRRNKECDKNKViFGNNCNGIIGP
UWNOCNVTCVVCOGPVQFGINKCPKOCNK+P¿PGNCEQORGVGP\CKPOCVGTKCp
UVCVCVTCUHGTKVCCK%QOWPK
+NSWCFTQPQTOCVKXQEJGUKpEQUtHQTOCVQPQPpVWVVCXKCUWH¿EKGPVGFK
RGTUoCHQTPKTGCINKCITKEQNVQTKKRWPVKFKTKHGTKOGPVQPGEGUUCTK+PRTKOQ
NWQIQN¶CDDCVVKOGPVQFGNNGPWVTKGpRQUUKDKNGUQNQFWTCPVGNCUVCIKQ
PGXGPCVQTKCpGXKFGPVGEJGPQPDCUVCRGTVGPGTGUQVVQEQPVTQNNQNC
RTQNKHGTC\KQPGFKSWGUVCURGEKGEQPUKFGTCVQEJGCNVTKOG\\KSWCNKNG
ICDDKGRGTNCECVVWTCQNGGUEJGWUCVGRGTKTCVVKUQPQFCTKVGPGTUKRGT
XCTKGTCIKQPKKPCFGIWCVKQUEQPUKINKCDKNK4KOCPGKP¿PGCPEQTCCRGTVQ
KNRTQDNGOCFGNNQUOCNVKOGPVQFGNNGECTECUUG
%QPHCITKEQNVWTC 8GPGVQ JC RGTVCPVQ UQNNGEKVCVQ KP 4GIKQPG KN TCRKFQ
KPVGTXGPVQFGINKCUUGUUQTKEQORGVGPVKCH¿PEJoCUUWOCPQNGKPK\KCVKXG
EJG TKVGPIQPQ PGEGUUCTKG Q FKTGVVCOGPVG Q UQNNGEKVCPFQ CNVTK NKXGNNK
KUVKVW\KQPCNKEQOGSWGNNQEQOWPCNGRGTRGTOGVVGTGWP¶GH¿ECEGC\KQPG
FKEQPVGPKOGPVQGUGQEEQTTGFKGNKOKPC\KQPGFKSWGUVCURGEKGEQUt
FCPPQUCRGTNCUCNXCIWCTFKCFGKECPCNKFKKTTKIC\KQPGFKUEQNQGFGK
EQTUKF¶CESWCKPIGPGTGEQPKNITCXGFCPPQEJGPGRWyFGTKXCTGPQP
UQNQRGTN¶CVVKXKViCITKEQNCOCRGTNCEQNNGVVKXKViVWVVC
%QPNGOQFK¿EJGKPUGTKVGPGNNCNGIIGPFGNN¶HGDDTCKQ
EQPN¶CTVEQOOCDKUFGN&GETGVQ.GIIGPEQPXGTVKVQ
EQPNGIIGP
ELKI@<NC8CFD98I;@8?8C8JL8ELFM8C<>><8EK@$ELKI@<
Gfjj`Y`c\jgXiXi\g\i\iX[`ZXi\cXjg\Z`\
³.GPWVTKGRQUUQPQGUUGTGGNKOKPCVGUWVWVVQKNVGTTKVQTKQNQO
DCTFQKPENWUGNG\QPGFQXGpXKGVCVCNCECEEKCCPEJGEQPNG
CTOKFCURCTQKNICUNGVTCRRQNGGNGCTOKFCNCPEKQKPFKXKFWC
NG³pWPQFGKRCUUCIIKHQPFCOGPVCNKFGNNGOQFK¿EJGCNNCNGIIG
TGIKQPCNGQVVQDTGPRTQRQUVGFCNNC)KWPVCGUWE
EGUUKXCOGPVG CRRTQXCVG FCN %QPUKINKQ FGNNC 4GIKQPG .QODCT
FKCNQUEQTUQPQXGODTG.GFKURQUK\KQPKRGTNCRTKOCXQNVC
RTGXGFQPQKNEQPEGVVQFKGTCFKEC\KQPGPQPKNUGORNKEGEQPVGPK
OGPVQ.GOQFCNKViRTGXKUVGEJGUCTCPPQFKUEKRNKPCVGFCKRKCPK
RTQXKPEKCNKUQPQNGCTOKEQOWPKFCURCTQNGCTOKFCNCPEKQ
KPFKXKFWCNG
¿QPFCCFGUGORKQNCICUUK¿EC\KQPGGNCUVGTKNK\
\C\KQPGEQPVTQNNCVGKNVTCRRQNCIIKQGUWEEGUUKXQCDDCVVKOGPVQ
)NK QRGTCVQTK KPECTKECVK FGNN¶CDDCVVKOGPVQ RQVTCPPQ GUUGTG K
ECEEKCVQTKGKRTQRTKGVCTKFGKHQPFKCITKEQNKKPRQUUGUUQFKRQTVQ
F¶CTOKGEQPEQRGTVWTCCU
UKEWTCVKXCINKCIGPVKXGPC
VQTK XQNQPVCTK K RQNK\KQVVK
OWPKEKRCNKGRTQXKPEKCNKINK
QRGTCVQTKFGNNCXKIKNCP\CKFTCWNKECQXXKCOGPVGVWVVKRTGXKCHQT
OC\KQPGFKDCUGGCUUQIIGVVCVKCNEQQTFKPCOGPVQRTGXKUVQFCK
RKCPK.CPWQXCPQTOCTGIKQPCNGFKURQPGHWP\KQPKURGEK¿EJGCK
XCTKGPVKNQECNK#K%QOWPKURGVVCEQQRGTCTGEQPNG2TQXKPEGG
CWVQTK\\CTG
CPEJGSWGUVCpWPCPQXKViKNUQVVGTTCOGPVQFGN
NGECTECUUG#NNG2TQXKPEGURGVVCKNEQORKVQFKRTGFKURQTTGCR
RQUKVKRKCPKFKEQPVGPKOGPVQGFGTCFKEC\KQPGQTICPK\\CPFQNC
TCEEQNVCGNQUOCNVKOGPVQFGNNGECTECUUG#NNC4GIKQPGKP¿PG
URGVVCRTGFKURQTTGGPVTQOCT\QWPRTQITCOOCVTKGPPCNG
FKGTCFKEC\KQPG
8kk\jfg\idXiqfle
gif^iXddXki`\eeXc\
8><E;8;@>@K8C<<LIFG<[email protected]@[email protected]<G<II<:LG<I8I<@C>[email protected]@8EFßFI889ILO<CC<J
9Xe[XcXi^X6
Ef#cXi^_`jj`dX%=fij\
Cl`jXIFJ8
³2TQOWQXGTGNCEWNVWTCFKHHWUCGNCTKEGTECFKGEEGNNGP\CCPEJGWVKNK\
\CPFQNGPWQXGVGEPQNQIKGGUWRGTCPFQKNFKXCTKQFKIKVCNG´VTCVWVVKKRWPVK
VQEECVKFCNFQFKEGUKOQRTGUKFGPVGFGNNC4GRWDDNKEC+VCNKCPC5GTIKQ/CV
VCTGNNCPGNUWQFKUEQTUQFKKPUGFKCOGPVQKNHGDDTCKQUEQTUQWPTCRKFQ
RCUUCIIKQN¶JCCXWVQKNFKIKVCNFKXKFGNCFKUVCP\CRTQHQPFCFGNN¶+VCNKCFC
CNVTK2CGUKRGTEWNVWTCGCEEGUUQCNUKUVGOCKPHQTOCVKEQ%KTECOKNKQPK
FKKVCNKCPKPQPJCPPQOCKPCXKICVQKPKPVGTPGVGNCDCPFCWNVTCNCTICEQRTG
UQNQKNFGNVGTTKVQTKQ1TCRGTyN¶+VCNKCJCWPRKCPQOQNVQCODK\KQUQ
RQTVCTGNCDCPFCWNVTCNCTICCNN¶FGINKKVCNKCPKFCQIIKCNRGTOGV
VGTG¿PCNOGPVGKNPQUVTQCNRCUUQFGINKCNVTK2CGUKKPVGTOKPKFKXGNQEKViFK
EQPPGUUKQPGÊSWGUVQN¶QDKGVVKXQEJGKNIQXGTPQJCTGEGPVGOGPVGFG¿PKVQ
PGN2KCPQUVTCVGIKEQRTGFKURQUVQFCNNCRTGUKFGP\CFGN%QPUKINKQKPUKGOG
CN OKPKUVGTQ FGNNQ 5XKNWRRQ GEQPQOKEQ CNN¶#IGP\KC RGT N¶+VCNKC FKIKVCNG G
CNN¶#IGP\KCRGTNC%QGUKQPG
+NpN¶CPPQGPVTQKNSWCNGN¶7PKQPGGWTQRGCJC¿UUCVQKNVGTOKPGRGT
N¶CVVWC\KQPGFGINKQDKGVVKXKFKEQRGTVWTCGRGPGVTC\KQPGFGNNCTGVGKPDCPFC
NCTICGWNVTCNCTICPGNN¶CODKVQFGKRKCPKFK#IGPFC&KIKVCNG
&#'&KIKVCN
#IGPFCQH'WTQRGRGTUXKNWRRCTGN¶GEQPQOKCGNCEWNVWTCFKIKVCNG.CDCP
FCNCTICPGNNQUXKNWRRQFGNNGTGVKKPHQTOCVKEJGKP+VCNKCpQIIGVVQFKWPC
FKUEWUUKQPGEJGUKVTCUEKPCFCVGORQUGP\CCTTKXCTGCFCTGTKUWNVCVKWVKNK
UKCKPCODKGPVGFQOGUVKEQEJGRTQHGUUKQPCNGRGTKEKVVCFKPKNGHCOKINKG
NGKUVKVW\KQPK
UEWQNGGWPKXGTUKViCFGUGORKQEQOGRWTGUCPKViGTKEGTEC
VGEPQNQIKCGEEGVGTCRGTNGKORTGUGGTCNNGPVCPFQIKQTPQFQRQIKQTPQNC
PQUVTCEQORGVKVKXKViKPVGTOKPKRTQFWVVKXKGFGEQPQOKEK
EQPRCTVKEQNCTGKO
RQTVCP\CPGNNG\QPGTWTCNKFQXGNCDCPFCNCTICpNCVKVCPVG%QOGUKNGIIG
PGNNQUVGUUQ2KCPQFGNIQXGTPQ³5GEQPFQINKWNVKOKFCVKFGN&KIKVCN#IGPFC
5EQTGDQCTFN¶+VCNKCEQPVKPWCCQEEWRCTGNGWNVKOGRQUK\KQPKPGNN¶WVKNK\\QFK
+PVGTPGVFCRCTVGFGNNCRQRQNC\KQPG+PGHHGVVKUQNCOGPVGKNFGNNCRQ
RQNC\KQPGFKGViEQORTGUCVTCGCPPKWVKNK\\CTGIQNCTOGPVG+PVGTPGV
EQPVTQWPCOGFKCGWTQRGCRCTKCN´5DKTEKCPFQKNTGRQTVCPPWCNGFGNNC
7GUWNFKIKVCNGRQUUKCOQCIIKWPIGTGEJGVTCK2CGUKEQPETGUEKVCRK~GNGXC
VCEKUQPQ)TGEKC4QOCPKC+TNCPFC4GRWDDNKEC%GECG%TQC\KCPGKSWCNK
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5VTCVGIKCKVCNKCPCRGTNCDCPFC
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IWKVQCN4CRRQTVQ%CKQFGNHGDDTCKQRQPGNGDCUKRGTWPCRQNKVKEC
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ENCUUK¿ECVKRCT\KCNOGPVGOQPVCPKpKPFKURGPUCDKNGEJGKNUQIIGVVQ
EJGEQPEGFGKNVGTTGPQKPCH¿VVQQKPEQOQFCVQCWPEQNVKXCVQTG
FKTGVVQQCWPKORTGPFKVQTGCITKEQNQRTQHGUUKQPCNGKUETKVVQPGNNC
RTGXKFGP\CCITKEQNCCDDKCGINKUVGUUQNCSWCNK¿ECFKEQNVKXCVQTG
FKTGVVQQFK+#2KUETKVVQPGNNCRTGXKFGP\CCITKEQNC
FGVGTOKPCVKNKOKVKFKTKECXKGEQORGPUKCNEWKTGFFKVQECNEQNCVQ
EQPN¶CRRNKEC\KQPGFKCRRQUKVGRGTEGPVWCNKUKCRRNKECN¶KORQUVC
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CPEJG PGN ECUQ EJG UKCPQ KPK\KCVG NG XGTK¿EJG ¿UECNK G RGT WP
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FKURQUK\KQPKURGEK¿EJGTGNCVKXGCNNCXCNQTK\\C\KQPGGRTQOQ\KQPG
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RQUKVKXGNGOKUWTGEJGXCPPQKPFKTG\KQPGFGNNCETGUEKVCGEJGOK
TCPQCFKPEGPVKXCTGKEQPUWOKSWCNKNCUVCDKNK\\C\KQPGFGNDQPWU
GWTQGKNUQUVGIPQCNNGHCOKINKG
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GUENWUKRGTyKNCXQTCVQTKFGNUGVVQTG
CITKEQNQGFQOGUVKEKEJGCDDKCPQWPTCRRQTVQFKNCXQTQEQPKN
OGFGUKOQFCVQTGFCCNOGPQOGUKFKEJKGFGTGNCNKSWKFC\KQPG
OGPUKNGKPDWUVCRCICFGNNCSWQVCFK6(4EJGOCVWTCPGNRGTKQFQ
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PC\KQPCNGKPCRGTVWTCFGKNCXQTKFGNEQPXGIPQQTICPK\\CVQFC#UUQ
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UEQTUQCEQPHGTOCFGNN¶KORQTVCP\CEJGSWGUVQEGTGCNGCUUWOGRGT
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7PKVK$TCUKNG#TIGPVKPC7PKQPG'WTQRGC%KPCGFCNNCFQOCPFCURGU
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FKSWGUVGUQPQIGUVKVGKPRCTVVKOGQFCEQPVQVGT\KUVKGSWKPFKNGUEGNVG
UWNN¶QTFKPCOGPVQEQNVWTCNGRTGOKCPQNCUQNW\KQPGRK~UGORNKEGCPEJGUG
GEQPQOKECOGPVGOGPQXCPVCIIKQUC2GTEQPVTQNGC\KGPFGRK~ITCPFK
GIGUVKVGCVGORQRKGPQFGXQPQEGTECTGFKTCIIKWPIGTGWPCUQUVGPKDKNKVi
GEQPQOKECGSWKPFKFQXTCPPQCFGIWCTUKCPEJGCNNGPWQXGFKURQUK\KQPK
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FTQPQTOCVKXQPQPpVTQRRQRGPCNK\\CPVGUGINKQRGTCVQTKFGNNG¿NKGTC
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KNRWPVQUWNNCSWGUVKQPGOKEQVQUUKPGUQVVQNKPGCPFQEJGNCITCPGNNC
FKOCKURTQFQVVCKP2KCPWTC2CFCPCpTGIQNCTOGPVGEQPVCOKPCVCFC
HWOQPKUKPGKPSWCPVKViXCTKCDKNGCUGEQPFCFGNN¶CPFCOGPVQENKOCVK
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OCEQPUKFGTCPFQCPEJGNGECTCVVGTKUVKEJGEQPPGUUGEQPNCFKXGTUC
RTQRGPUKQPGCNN¶CEEWOWNQFKOKEQVQUUKPG´%CWUKPJCEQPENWUQTKDC
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EQPXGPKGPVGRWPVCTGUWWPKDTKFQEJGOGINKQUKCFCVVCCNNGRQVGP\KC
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LA DIABROTICA DEL MAIS: GENERALITÀ
La Diabrotica v. virgifera è riconosciuta la specie più pericolosa tra
gli insetti terricoli del mais per gli
ingenti danni che può determinare, principalmente causati dalle
larve sulle radici. Le larve si muovono nel terreno e raggiungono
l’apparato radicale delle piante di
mais iniziando ad alimentarsi e penetrare nelle radici determinando
l’accorciamento o la loro sparizione e la formazione di fori e gallerie nelle radici rimaste. Le piante
danneggiate presentano un indebolimento dell’apparato radicale
con allettamenti precoci e successivo tentativo di riportarsi in posizione verticale assumendo la caratteristica forma a gomito detta a
«collo d’oca»
Come controllare la diabrotica?
L’avvicendamento risulta tra i metodi di controllo esistenti quello di
maggiore efficacia. L’impiego di altre colture in rotazione garantisce la pressoché totale scomparsa dell’insetto. Le aziende che nello
stesso anno necessitano di coltivare mais da trinciato e rispettare la
priorità di bonifica dei loro terreni dalla diabrotica dispongono di
una grande e nuova opportunità di realizzarla con la semina di varietà KWS del «Team Ronaldinio». Vengono proposti due programmi che rendono possibile produrre trinciato di mais con l’impiego
di ibridi precocissimi di classe FAO 150-200.
(-
2. Non occorre effettuare il trattamento contro la piralide.
3. Controllo diabrotica: nessuna ovideposizione nell’appezzamento
in cui si semina il Sorgo dopo la coltivazione del mais.
4. Primo trinciato di mais di alta qualità disponibile nel nuovo anno
con 40-50 giorni di anticipo rispetto agli ibridi tardivi.
5. L’opportunità di coltivare varietà di Mais KWS super precoci (FAO
150) garantisce un ulteriore anticipo nella raccolta e di conseguenza anticipare la semina del Sorgo
6. Si libera il terreno dal sorgo ad inizio-metà ottobre, in tempo
utile per seminare un cereale autunno-vernino come triticale,
frumento, orzo.
PROGRAMMA 2
PROGRAMMA 1
Da applicare nei terreni con alta infestazione di diabrotica che devono essere assolutamente bonificati.
In questo caso la «bonifica dalla diabrotica» avviene tramite la coltivazione del cereale autunno-vernino (triticale, frumento, orzo)
in quanto la semina del mais nella terza decade di giugno avverrà
dopo lo schiudersi delle uova e il conseguente decesso delle larve
causato dall’assenza delle radici del mais come nutrimento disponibile. Il mais seminato in successione crescerà senza rischi di allettamento.
Da applicare nei terreni con medio/bassa infestazione di diabrotica
dove sia ancora possibile coltivare mais, ma necessitano di una bonifica prima di poter seminare la stessa coltura l’anno successivo.
In questo caso la «bonifica dalla diabrotica» avverrà durante la coltura del sorgo in quanto la presenza significativa del volo degli adulti
maschi e femmine della diabrotica inizia nel momento in cui gli ibridi
del Team Ronaldinio sono già stati trinciati, costringendo gli insetti a
migrare verso altri campi di mais per alimentarsi evitando in tal modo
le ovideposizioni nel terreno coltivato in seconda semina a sorgo.
VANTAGGI PROGRAMMA 1
La rotazione annuale «Team Ronaldinio + Sorgo» permette di raggiungere importanti traguardi produttivi e agronomici:
1. Irrigazioni limitate: le piogge primaverili di norma sono sufficienti. Possono rendersi necessari un paio di interventi tra fine maggio e fine giugno.
VANTAGGI PROGRAMMA 2
La rotazione annuale «cereale + mais» permette l’ottenimento di
importanti traguardi produttivi e agronomici:
1. Permette irrigazioni contenute rispetto all’utilizzo di ibridi più tardivi che costringerebbero a raccolte molto più tardive.
2. Rappresenta la successione ideale dopo un cereale autunnovernino coltivato per trinciato o granella
3. Consente di anticipare la raccolta rispetto ad ibridi tardivi in terza
epoca di semina: in questo modo si riesce a seminare un cerale
a paglia (triticale).
4. Si dispone di un trinciato di mais di alta qualità ottenuto in
un’epoca di semina tradizionalmente a rischio per quanto riguarda l’aspetto qualitativo.
5. Il trattamento tempestivo con insetticidi garantirà inoltre un completo controllo degli adulti di diabrotica ed un efficace controllo
della 2^-3^ generazione della piralide.
6. Saranno necessari alcuni anni prima che la popolazione della
diabrotica torni a raggiungere livelli preoccupanti.
[email protected];8:8KFG<[email protected]@M<E<[email protected]>I8DD8;@[email protected];8CGI<J@;<EK<I<>@FE8C<
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KPVGORKDTGXK+PSWGUVQEQPVGUVQKNRTGUKFGPVGJCKPUKUVKVQUWNNC
PGEGUUKViFKRQTTGTKOGFKQCNN¶KPUWH¿EKGPVGXCNQTK\\C\KQPGFGNTWQNQ
FGNOGFKEQFKDCUGEJG±FCVQKNEQPVGUVQRQVTGDDGTCRRTGUGP
VCTGWPCPGNNQFKGUVTGOCKORQTVCP\C
³0oXCVTCUEWTCVCJCEQPENWUQ/CUUKIPCPNCETGUEKVCRTGQEEW
RCPVGFGNNCOKETQFGNKPSWGP\CCNNCSWCNGKNRK~GURQUVQpRTQRTKQ
N¶CP\KCPQEQOGEQPHGTOCPQCPEJGNGUVCVKUVKEJG%KXQINKQPQRK~
FKXKUGKPIKTQGPQPUQNQRGTTGIQNCTGKNVTCH¿EQ´
+N%72.#%QQTFKPCOGPVQWPKVCTKQFGKRGPUKQPCVKFGNNCXQTQCW
VQPQOQpEQORQUVQFCQVVQCUUQEKC\KQPKFKECVGIQTKCKPTCRRTG
UGPVCP\C FGK UGVVQTK FGNN¶CITKEQNVWTC FGNN¶CTVKIKCPCVQ G FGN EQO
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8^^`fieXk``gi\qq`d`e`d`^XiXek`k`
.¶#WVQTKVi RGT N¶GPGTIKC #'')5+ JC TGUQ PQVK K RTG\\K OKPKOK
ICTCPVKVKRGTN¶CPPQRGTINKKORKCPVKCNKOGPVCVKCHQPVKTKPPQ
XCDKNKFKRQVGP\CGNGVVTKEC¿PQC/9
+PRTGEGFGP\CN¶#WVQTKViCXGXCFG¿PKVQPQPUQNQNCPWQXCUVTWV
VWTCGKPWQXKXCNQTKFGKRTG\\KOKPKOKICTCPVKVKKPXKIQTGFCN‚
IGPPCKQOCCPEJGKETKVGTKRGTN¶CIIKQTPCOGPVQFGKRTG\\K
OKPKOKICTCPVKVKTGNCVKXKCINKCPPKUWEEGUUKXKCN5WNNCDCUG
FGK FCVK +UVCV NC XCTKC\KQPG FGNN¶CPPQ TKURGVVQ CNN¶CPPQ
pTKUWNVCVCRCTKCGRGTVCPVQKRTG\\KOKPKOKICTCP
VKVKXKIGPVKTKUWNVCPQKPETGOGPVCVKFKVCNGXCNQTGRGTEGPVWCNGRGTKN
8CKPQNVTGTKEQTFCVQEJGCRCTVKTGFCN‚IGPPCKQKN
³TKVKTQFGFKECVQ´pUVCVQRTQHQPFCOGPVGOQFK¿ECVQEQPN¶KPVGP
VQFKEJKCTCVQFKTKFWTTGN¶KORCVVQFGNNCEQORQPGPVGVCTKHHCTKC#
UWNNGDQNNGVVG%QPHCITKEQNVWTCCUGIWKVQFKVCNGOQFK¿EJGJC
RTGUGPVCVQTKEQTUQCN6#4FGNNC.QODCTFKC
N¶WFKGP\CFKOGTKVQp
¿UUCVCRGTKNOCIIKQ
5WEEGUUKXCOGPVG KPQNVTG N¶#WVQTKVi RGT N¶GPGTIKC JC TKFG¿PKVQ
UGORTGEQPGHHGVVQCRCTVKTGFCN‚IGPPCKQN¶CODKVQ
FKCRRNKEC\KQPGFGKRTG\\KOKPKOKICTCPVKVKRTGEKUCPFQEJGEQUC
UKKPVGPFGRGT³RQVGP\CPQOKPCNG´PGNECUQFKKORKCPVKHQVQXQNVCK
EKG³RQVGP\CGNGVVTKEC´PGNECUQFKKORKCPVKKFTQGNGVVTKEK
&CNNC NGVVWTC EQODKPCVC FGNNG FKXGTUG FKURQUK\KQPK PQTOCVKXG TK
UWNVCEJG
†UKCRRNKECPQKRTG\\KOKPKOKICTCPVKVKUVCDKNKVKFCNN¶#WVQTKViCINK
KORKCPVK HQVQXQNVCKEK FK RQVGP\C PQOKPCNG ¿PQ C M9 G C
SWGNNK KFTQGNGVVTKEK FK RQVGP\C GNGVVTKEC ¿PQ C M9 SWCNQ
TCIQFCPQIKiFKKPEGPVKXKPQPEJoCINKKORKCPVKKFTQGNGVVTKEKFK
RQVGP\C PQOKPCNG OGFKC CPPWC ¿PQ C /9 G CINK KORKCPVK
CNKOGPVCVKFCNNGCNVTGHQPVKTKPPQXCDKNKFKRQVGP\CCVVKXCPQOKPC
NG¿PQC/9CEQPFK\KQPGEJGPQPIQFCPQFKKPEGPVKXKUWNNC
RTQFW\KQPGGNGVVTKEC
†UKCRRNKECPQKRTG\\K\QPCNKQTCTKRGTVWVVGNGVKRQNQIKGFKKORKCPVK
CHQPVKTKPPQXCDKNKKPTGIKOGFKTKVKTQFGFKECVQGPQPEQORTGUG
PGNRWPVQRTGEGFGPVGGEKQpKORKCPVKCHQPVKTKPPQXCDKNKKPEGP
VKXCVK¿PQC/9KORKCPVKCHQPVKTKPPQXCDKNKKPEGPVKXCVKGPQP
FKRQVGP\CUWRGTKQTGC/9
+P¿PGUGCNVGTOKPGFKEKCUEWPCPPQUQNCTGKNRTQFQVVQVTCKRTG\\K
OKPKOKICTCPVKVKGNCSWCPVKViFKGPGTIKCGNGVVTKECCFGUUKTKHGTKVC
pKPHGTKQTGCNRTQFQVVQVTCKRTG\\K\QPCNKQTCTKGNCUVGUUCSWCPVKVi
FKGPGTIKCGNGVVTKECKN)5'TKEQPQUEGCEQPIWCINKQKRTG\\K\QPCNK
QTCTK
&GNKDGTC4GHT
&GNKDGTCFGNN¶#WVQTKViRGTN¶GPGTIKCP4'(4FGN
FKEGODTGG&NP³&GUVKPC\KQPG+VCNKC´EQPXGTVK
VQKP.GIIGHGDDTCKQP
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/G\\CPCVQ VKVQNCTG FK WP¶C\KGPFC \QQVGEPKEC RGT NC RTQFW\KQPG FK
ECTPG DQXKPC C 2QTVQ 8KTQ HCEGPFQUK RQTVCXQEG FK PWOGTQUK CNNG
XCVQTKJCUETKVVQCFCWVQTKViGKUVKVW\KQPKRGTUGPUKDKNK\\CTNKUWNVGOC
FGNN¶CDKIGCVQ
HWTVQFKDGUVKCOGWPHGPQOGPQEJGKP8GPGVQFQRQ
WPCRCWUCFKSWCNEJGCPPQJCTKRTGUQCETGUEGTGGSWKPFKXCCH
HTQPVCVQEQPKORGIPQ
+NRTGUKFGPVGEQPHGFGTCNG/CTKQ)WKFKJCRTQOGUUQFKRQTVCTGKNRTQDNG
OCCNN¶CVVGP\KQPGFGNNC)KWPVCGFGINKWH¿EKFGNN¶1TICPK\\C\KQPGUKCRGT
=i\hl\ek`\i`g\klk`XeZ_\`eleXjk\jjXXq`\e[X`]lik`[`Xkki\qq`\kiXkkfi`%
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SWCPVQTKIWCTFCNCUGPUKDKNK\\C\KQPGFGKUQIIGVVKKPVGTGUUCVKUKCRGTINK
CURGVVKKPGTGPVKNCSWCNK¿EC\KQPGFGNTGCVQGN¶CURGVVQCUUKEWTCVKXQ
+P 8GPGVQ EQOG JC FGPWPEKCVQ )KWNKCPQ /CTEJGUKPK FKTGVVQTG FK
7PKECTXG FCNNG EQNQPPG FGN )C\\GVVKPQ FK 8GPG\KC KN FKEGODTG
UEQTUQPFTPGNIKTQFKRQEJKIKQTPKFKFKUVCP\CN¶WPQFCNN¶CNVTQUK
UQPQXGTK¿ECVKUGVVGHWTVK³5QPQURCTKVKPGNPWNNCQNVTGVQTKWP
FCPPQEJGU¿QTCKOKNCGWTQEKTEC'TCPQCNOGPQUGKCPPKEJG
PQPCEECFGXCRK~PWNNCSWCPFQXGPPGUIQOKPCVCNCDCPFCXGTQPG
UGEJGUKGTCTGUCTGURQPUCDKNGFKHWTVKEQPCTTGUVK©
.CUQVVTC\KQPGFKDQXKPKCIITCXCNCUKVWC\KQPGFGNEQORCTVQKPHCVVK
UGUQNQ¿PQCSWCNEJGCPPQHCEQPOKNCECRKNCRTQFW\KQPGPGNNC
PQUVTCTGIKQPGEQRTKXCKNRGTEGPVQFGNNCECTPGKVCNKCPCQIIKRGTK
EKTECOKNNGCNNGXCOGPVKFKDQXKPKFCECTPGXGPGVKKNRGTKQFQPQPpFGK
OKINKQTKCNNCDQTUCOGTEKFK/QFGPCNCECTPGXCNGGWTQCNEJKNQ
EQPVTQKFGNEQUVQFKRTQFW\KQPG
0GN OKTKPQ FGK NCFTK EK UQPQ CNNGXCOGPVK PGN $CUUQ 4QFKIKPQ 8G
TQPGUG2CFQXCPQG8KEGPVKPQ+HWTVKJCPPQVWVVKNCOGFGUKOCEC
TCVVGTKUVKECUVCNNGEQPWPCEEGU
UQ HCEKNG CNNG ITCPFK UVTCFG FGN
VTCH¿EQ + VQTK XGPIQPQ ECTKECVK
UWECOKQPRGTDGUVKCOG
URGUUQ
TWDCVKNCEQPUGIWGP\CpEJGKP
RQEQ VGORQ XGPICPQ OCEGNNCVK
ENCPFGUVKPCOGPVG G ¿PKUECPQ
KP SWCNEJG DCPEQ XGPFKVC KP
DCTDC CK EQPVTQNNK FK VTCEEKCDK
NKVi G EQOG UQVVQNKPGC #PFTGC
/G\\CPCVQ ³Ê OQNVQ RTQDCDKNG
N¶KOOKUUKQPG UWN OGTECVQ CPEJG
FKCPKOCNKOCPECPVKFGKTGSWKUKVK
8e[i\XD\qqXeXkf
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PQTOCVKXCEQOWPKVCTKCEJGKPFK
ECRTGEKUGFKURQUK\KQPKUWNNCNQTQOGUUCKPEQOOGTEKQ&KURQUK\KQPK
EJGINKCNNGXCVQTKKVCNKCPKTKURGVVCPQRGTOQFCNKViGVGORKICTCPVGP
FQKPVCNOQFQEQPHQTOKViGSWCNKViFGNRTQRTKQRTQFQVVQGNCUCNWVG
FGNEQPUWOCVQTG´
2GTTKUQNXGTGKNRTQDNGOC7PKECTXGRTQRQPGKN&PC³2QEJGFGEKPGFK
GWTQGKNVTCH¿EQUCTGDDGFGDGNNCVQURKGIC/CTEJGUKPK³'UKUVQPQ
OCTEJK CWTKEQNCTK EJG EQP KN ³RCUUCRQTVQ´ FGN DQXKPQ EQPVGPIQPQ
CPEJGKN&PC+FCVKUKHCNUK¿ECPQKN&PCPQ+PWPOQOGPVQKPEWK
UKCOQKPXCUKFCECTPGRTQXGPKGPVGFCNNC2QNQPKCFKXGPVCKPFKURGPUC
DKNGTKWUEKTGCFCXGTGNCEGTVG\\CFGNNCRTQXGPKGP\CFGNDGUVKCOG´
/G\\CPCVQ
EJGPGNJCUWDtVQKNHWTVQFKXKVGNNQPKFCOCEGNNQ
p FGN RCTGTG EJG CPEJG SWGUVQ UKUVGOC PQP UKC UWH¿EKGPVG C ¿PG
PQXGODTGUQPQUVCVKKECRKTWDCVKCWPCNNGXCVQTGFK%CUVG
NPQXQ$CTKCPQ
4QXKIQGKNCFTKJCPPQUQVVTCVVQCPEJGEGTVK¿ECVK
FKRTQXGPKGP\CGCNNGXCOGPVQFGNDGUVKCOG+PSWGUVQOQFQQNVTGCK
XKVGNNK UK UQPQ KORQUUGUUCVK FGK FQEWOGPVK EJG EGTVK¿ECPQ NC VTCE
EKCDKNKViICTCPVGPFQUKNCRQUUKDKNKViFKEQOOGVVGTGCNVTKKNNGEKVKURCE
EKCPFQRGTFQVCVKFKRCUUCRQTVQECRKEJGPQPNQUQPQ³%QOGRGTKN
RCUUCRQTVQCPEJGWPCWTKEQNCTGEQP&PCPQPpUWH¿EKGPVGCHGTOCTG
KHWTVKEQPUKFGTCVQEJGKECRKXGPIQPQOCEGNNCVKGUG\KQPCVKKPOCEGNNK
ENCPFGUVKPKPGKSWCNKUKHCNUK¿ECPQCPEJGKFQEWOGPVKPGEGUUCTKCNNC
EQOOGTEKCNK\\C\KQPGFGNNGECTPK´UGEQPFQ/G\\CPCVQRGTN¶CNNGXCVQTG
UKVTCVVGTGDDG³UQNCOGPVG´FKCIIKWPIGTGCNVTCECTVCCSWGNNCEQPNC
SWCNGJCIKiVTQRRQCEJGHCTGQIPKIKQTPQUGP\CEQPUKFGTCTGKNHCVVQ
EJGUKFQXTGDDGKUVKVWKTGWPWNVGTKQTGUKUVGOCFKEQPVTQNNQFGN&PCFGNNG
ECTPKUWUECNCPC\KQPCNGEQPWPEQPUGIWGPVGCWOGPVQFKDWTQETC\KC
GFGKEQUVKRGTKNEQPUWOCVQTGGEQPITCPFGKPEGTVG\\CUWNNCHCVVKDKNKVi
FKEQPVTQNNQFGNNGECTPKFKKORQTVC\KQPGEJGEQOWPSWGEQPVKPWGTGD
DGTQCFGUUGTGCESWKUVCVGFCINKQRGTCVQTKPC\KQPCNK³&CPQPFKOGP
VKECTGEJGINKCPKOCNKTWDCVKRQVTGDDGTQGUUGTGEQOOGTEKCNK\\CVKHWQTK
FCNN¶+VCNKCQCFFKTKVVWTCHWQTKFCNNC'7RGTVCPVQKPCTGGKPEWKN¶GUCOG
FGN&PCPQPEKUCTGDDG+PQIPKECUQIKiCNOQOGPVQFGNHWTVQRGT
N¶CNNGXCVQTGEKUCTGDDGWPFCPPQEQPETGVQGFKOOGFKCVQ´
+NXKEGRTGUKFGPVG#PIC4QXKIQQUUGTXCKPQNVTGEJGN¶CDKIGCVQGTCRWPKVQ
FCN%QFKEG2GPCNGEQOGKRQVGUKFKHWTVQCIITCXCVQEQPNCRTGXKUKQPG
FGNN¶CIITCXCPVGKNNGIKUNCVQTGKPVGPFGXCKUVKVWKTGWPCURGEKCNGRTQVG\KQ
PGCHCXQTGFGNRCVTKOQPKQ\QQVGEPKEQGFGNN¶GEQPQOKCCITKEQNC/C
QIIK PQP p RK~ EQUt RGTEJo EQPUKFGTCVQ FK UECTUC TKNGXCP\C UQEKC
NGPGNN¶CDKIGCVQpUVCVQFGRGPCNK\\CVQFCNNCNGIIGIKWIPQ
P
PQVCEQOG.GIIGUWNNCFGRGPCNK\\C\KQPGGFCNFGETGVQ
NGIKUNCVKXQFKEGODTGP
%CRQ++CTVKEQNKG
³+HWTVKPGNNGC\KGPFGCITKEQNGPQPUKNKOKVCPQCNNGTC\\GDQXKPGOC
UK CNNCTICPQ CPEJG CN EQORCTVQ UWKPKEQNQ GF CXKEQNQ´ RTQUGIWG
/G\\CPCVQ'TC\\KGPQVVWTPGUQPQRWTVTQRRQHTGSWGPVKUUKOGCPEJG
TGNCVKXCOGPVGCKOG\\KCITKEQNKFKQIPKVKRQVTCVVQTKUGOKPCVTKEKIG
PGTCVQTKFKEQTTGPVGRPGWOCVKEKICUQNKQOQVQ\CRRGFGEGURWINKC
:Xie`%<k`Z_\kkX[Ëfi`^`e\
.G ECTPK WVKNK\\CVG EQOG KPITGFKGPVG PGK RTQFQVVK CNKOGP
VCTK VTCUHQTOCVK RTQPVK Q UWTIGNCVK VQTVGNNKPK JCODWTIJGT
ETQEEJGVVG GEEGVGTC FQXTGDDGTQ RTGXGFGTG N¶KPFKEC\KQPG
FGNRCGUGFKQTKIKPGUWNNGGVKEJGVVGEQOGCXXKGPGIKiRGTNG
ECTPKDQXKPGHTGUEJG3WGUVCNCEQPENWUKQPGRTKPEKRCNGFGNNC
TKUQNW\KQPGCRRTQXCVCN¶HGDDTCKQFCN2CTNCOGPVQGWTQRGQ
C5VTCUDWTIQ&QRQN¶GVKEJGVVCF¶QTKIKPGQDDNKICVQTKCRGTNC
ECTPGHTGUECQEQPIGNCVCFKOCP\QGUVGUCCRCTVKTGFCNRTQU
UKOQCRTKNGCPEJGCRQNNKOCKCNKRGEQTGGECRTGKN2CTNC
OGPVQCEEQINKGEQUtNCTKEJKGUVCFKOCIIKQTGVTCURCTGP\CFGK
EQPUWOCVQTKGKPXKVCNC%QOOKUUKQPGGWTQRGCCRTGUGPVCTG
RTQRQUVGNGIKUNCVKXG³KPOQFQFCTKEQPSWKUVCTGNC¿FWEKCFGK
EQPUWOCVQTK FQRQ NQ UECPFCNQ FGNNC ECTPG GSWKPC G CNVTG
HTQFKCNKOGPVCTK´
VQTK KORKCPVK FK KTTKIC\KQPG RTQFQVVK .C NKUVC p NWPIC G FGUVKPCVC
CFCNNWPICTUKEQNRGPFQNGC\KGPFGCITKEQNGFKVWVVC+VCNKCEQPWPQ
UVKNNKEKFKQKPCVVQQTOCKFCFKXGTUKCPPKEJGHCRGPUCTGCFWPVTCH¿EQ
QTICPK\\CVQFKTGVVQXGTUQK2CGUKFGNN¶'UV'WTQRCOCCPEJGGPVTQK
EQP¿PKKVCNKCPK
ÊSWCPVQOCKWTIGPVGWPRKCPQFKTCHHQT\COGPVQFGNN¶CVVKXKViFKEQP
VTQNNQ FGNNG HQT\G FGNN¶QTFKPG UWN VGTTKVQTKQ %QPHCITKEQNVWTC 4QXKIQ
IKiPGINKCPPKUEQTUKCXGXCUQNNGEKVCVQRK~XQNVGWPKPVGTXGPVQKPVCN
UGPUQCKEQORGVGPVKWH¿EKRWDDNKEKOCNCDWQPCXQNQPViGURTGUUC
PQP p UVCVC UQTTGVVC FC WP CFGIWCVQ CRRQTVQ FK WQOKPK G OG\\K
FGNN¶QTFKPG
³1NVTGCWPCWURKECDKNGECODKCOGPVQFGNNCNGIKUNC\KQPGEQPRGPG
KFQPGG C UEQTCIIKCTG K (WTVK EQPENWFG #PFTGC /G\\CPCVQ NG
C\KGPFG\QQVGEPKEJGRK~EJGKPCNVTGECTVGGFQEWOGPVKQTOCKVWVVK
HCNUK¿ECDKNKFQXTGDDGTQKPXGUVKTGKPUKUVGOKF¶CNNCTOGGH¿ECEKEQNNG
ICVKEQPNGHQT\GFGNN¶QTFKPGGEQCFKWXCVKFCKORKCPVKGNGVVTKEKCWVQ
PQOKPQPEJoFKWPUGTXK\KQFKEQPVTQNNQGHHGVVWCVQFCRTKXCVK7PC
VWVGNC³HCKFCVG´EJGRQUUCRTQVGIIGTGC‚WP¶C\KGPFCCITKEQNC
FCNDGUVKCOGCKOCEEJKPCTKCNICUQNKQ0CVWTCNOGPVGKNVWVVQCXTGDDG
WP¶KPEKFGP\CEJGRGTyUKCIIKWPIGCKEQUVKIKiKPUQUVGPKDKNKFGNNC
RTQFW\KQPG´
J\q`feXk``edXZ\cc`ZcXe[\jk`e`#`Yfm`e`g\i[feff^e`i`ekiXZZ`XY`c`k~%
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GFK\KQPGEJGUKTKHGTKUEGCKFCVKFKOQPKVQTCIIKQTGNCVKXKCINKCPPK
.CRTKOCGNCDQTC\KQPGFGNNQUVWFKQJCOGUUQKPGXKFGP\CEJG
†NCOCIIKQTRCTVGFGNVGTTKVQTKQ
FCNCNCUGEQPFCFGNNG4GIKQPK
KPFKRGPFGPVGOGPVGFCNITCFQFKRGTKEQNQCFGUUQCUUQEKCDKNGpRTGXCNGP
VGOGPVGUQIIGVVQCNNCRTGUGP\CFKUQTIGPVKOWNVKRNG
†KNEQPVTKDWVQ³RTGXCNGPVG´FKPCVWTC³\QQVGEPKEC´EQUKEQOGSWGNNQ³EKXKNG´
KPVGTGUUCPQPGNNCOCIIKQTRCTVGFGKECUKPQPRK~FGNFGNNGUWRGT¿EK
TGIKQPCNK
†NCUQTIGPVGOKPGTCNGRTGXCNGPVGKPVGTGUUCFCWPOKPKOQFGNCFWP
OCUUKOQFGNFGNNGUWRGT¿EKTGIKQPCNK
0GNKPRCTVKEQNCTGNGKPFCIKPKJCPPQTKIWCTFCVQRWPVKFKECORKQ
PCOGPVQGECORKQPKGEQORNGUUKXCOGPVGUQUVCP\G
5QPQUVCVKTKPXGPWVKRTKPEKRKCVVKXKPGNFGKRWPVKEQPVTQNNCVKPGNNG
CESWGUWRGT¿EKCNK
PGNFGKRWPVKEQPVTQNNCVKPGNNGCESWGUQVVGTTCPGG0GNNGCESWG
UWRGT¿EKCNKRWPVKFKOQPKVQTCIIKQ
FGNVQVCNGJCPPQEQPEGPVTC
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\KQPKFKRTKPEKRKCVVKXKUWRGTKQTKCKNKOKVKFKNGIIGEQPRCTVKEQNCTGTKHGTKOGPVQ
CINKHQUCVGGKNUWQOGVCDQNKVC#/2#OGVQNCENQTVTKEKENC\QNQQZCFKC\QP
VGTDWVKNC\KPCGKNUWQRTKPEKRCNGOGVCDQNKVCOGPVTGPGNNGCESWGUQVVGTTCPGG
JCPPQEQPEGPVTC\KQPKFKRTKPEKRKCVVKXKUWRGTKQTKCKNKOKVKFKNGIIGRWPVK
FGNVQVCNG+PVCNGCODKVQNGUQUVCP\GTKPXGPWVGRK~HTGSWGPVGOGPVG
UQPQDGPVC\QPGOGVCNCZKNVGTDWVKNC\KPCGFGUGVKNVGTDWVKNC\KPCCVTC\KPCG
CVTC\KPCFGUGVKN QZCFKZKN KOKFCENQRTKF QZCFKC\QP DTQOCEKNG FKENQTQ
DGP\COOKFGOGVQNCENQT8GFKCOQWPCUKPVGUKFGNOQPKVQTCIIKQ
).+(15#6'%1
ÊFCTKNGXCTGEQOGPGNNGCESWGUWRGT¿EKCNKKNOCIIKQTPWOGTQFKUWRGTC
OGPVKpFCVQFCNINKHQUCVGGFCNUWQOGVCDQNKVC³CORC´TKURGVVKXCOGPVGPGN
GPGNFGKUKVKOQPKVQTCVK
Min
Max
< SQA
< LOQ
Totali
> SQA
< SQA
< LOQ
Totali
ANNO 2012
ACQUE SOTTERRANEE
PUNTI MONITORAGGIO
ACQUE SUPERFICIALI
PUNTI MONITORAGGIO
LQ (μg/L)
> SQA
)'
Sostanze cercate
KXY\ccX[\`c`m\cc`[`ZfekXd`eXq`fe\
53
31
0,001
0,010
0,050
0,050
0
0
6
0
22
16
28
16
7
20
93
120
Abruzzo
Basilicata*
Calabria
Campania*
Emilia-Romagna
Friuli-Venezia Giulia*
Lazio
Liguria
Lombardia
Marche
Molise
Piemonte
Puglia**
Sardegna
Sicilia
Toscana
Umbria
Valle d’Aosta
Veneto
Provincia di Bolzano
Provincia di Trento
89
82
20
36
3
57
44
0,001
0,010
0,010
0,005
0,001
0,004
0,001
0,100
0,050
0,050
0,100
0,050
2,500
0,500
1
14
0
1
0
171
5
16
98
14
0
0
30
28
47
51
20
5
9
114
65
64
163
34
6
9
315
98
1
8
21
0
1
36
75
0
107
182
41
17
109
226
137
17
43
0
149
3
262
47
454
50
67
76
65
158
75
78
87
115
191
83
0,002
0,001
0,001
0,005
0,005
0,010
0,010
0,000
0,001
0,030
0,020
0,300
1,000
0,300
0,190
0,050
0,300
0,100
0,500
0,500
15
0
1
2
7
1
0
34
0
1
74
1
2
13
33
10
0
82
3
5
19
57
105
30
105
6
15
73
3
39
108
58
108
45
145
17
15
189
6
45
32
0
2
31
1
1
0
5
0
0
170
1
8
47
31
3
0
67
1
0
152
12
67
85
246
86
55
162
14
12
354
13
77
163
278
90
55
234
15
12
ITALIA
349
253
415
801
1469
152
612
1640
2404
* dati 2011. (**) acque sotterranee, dati 2011.
35
30
25
20
15
10
5
0
Campioni / Sostanze
40
100
90
80
70
60
50
40
30
20
10
0
100
90
80
70
60
50
40
30
20
10
0
Campioni / Sostanze
8'0&+6'
2QUKVKXKUQPQCPEJGKFCVKTGNCVKXKCNNGXGPFKVGFKRTQFQVVK¿VQUCPKVCTK+FCVK
+56#6KPFKECPQWPCUGPUKDKNGFKOKPW\KQPGFGNNGXGPFKVGFKRTQFQVVK¿VQUCPK
VCTKKHQTOWNCVKUQPQRCUUCVKFCCVQPPGNNCVG
K
RTKPEKRK CVVKXK JCPPQ CXWVQ WP ECNQ RK~ OCTECVQ RCUUCPFQ FC C
VQPPGNNCVG
ÊFKOKPWKVCKPQNVTGKPOQFQRK~EJGRTQRQT\KQ
PCNG
NCSWCPVKViFGKRTQFQVVKRK~RGTKEQNQUK
OQNVQVQUUKEKGVQUUKEK
OGPVTGpCWOGPVCVCSWGNNCFGKRTQFQVVKPQEKXK
3WGUV¶WNVKOQFCVQUGODTCGXKFGP\KCTGWPRK~ECWVQKORKGIQFGNNGUQUVCP\G
KPCITKEQNVWTCEQUCRGTCNVTQHCXQTKVCFCNNCRQNKVKECCITKEQNCEQOWPKVCTKCGPC
\KQPCNGGFCNN¶CFQ\KQPGFKVGEPKEJGFKFKHGUC¿VQUCPKVCTKCCOKPQTGKORCVVQ
ACQUE SUPERFICIALI - PESTICIDI TOTALI
45
Frequenza di ritrovamento (%)
%KyCPEJGKPTGNC\KQPGCNHCVVQEJGKNINKHQUCVGGTDKEKFCPQPUGNGVVKXQKORKG
ICVQUKCPGNNGEQNVKXC\KQPKCTDQTGGGFGTDCEGGEJGPGNNGCTGGPQPFGUVKPCVG
CNNGEQNVWTGCITCTKG
KPFWUVTKCNKEKXKNKCTIKPKUEQNKPGGEEGVGTCpWPCFGNNG
UQUVCP\GRK~XGPFWVGCNKXGNNQPC\KQPCNGGNCUWCRTGUGP\CPGNNGCESWGp
CORKCOGPVGEQPHGTOCVCCPEJGFCFCVKKPVGTPC\KQPCNK
8CEQOWPSWGTKNGXCVQEJGKNUWQOQPKVQTCIIKQpGHHGVVWCVQUQRTCVVWVVQKP
.QODCTFKCFQXGNCUQUVCP\CpRTGUGPVGPGNFGKRWPVKFKOQPKVQTCI
IKQFGNNGCESWGUWRGT¿EKCNKGKNUWQOGVCDQNKVCCORCPGN/GPQ
HTGSWGPVGpNCRTGUGP\CPGNNGCESWGUQVVGTTCPGGFQXGKNINKHQUCVGpRTGUGPVG
QNVTGKNNKOKVGKPFWGRQ\\KGN¶CORCKPEKPSWGRQ\\K
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FGUGVKNVGTDWVKNC\KPCFGUGVKNUQPQKPXGEGVTCNGUQUVCP\GRK~TKPXGPWVGPGNNG
CESWGUWRGT¿EKCNKGKPSWGNNGUQVVGTTCPGG#GEEG\KQPGFGNNCVGTDWVKNC\KPCVWV
VGNGCNVTGUQUVCP\GPQPUQPQRK~CWVQTK\\CVGKP'WTQRC#PEJGCNVTGUQUVCP\G
TKNGXCVGPGNEQTUQFGNOQPKVQTCIIKQEQOGKNOGVQNCENQTGKNDGP\CVQPGUQPQ
UVCVGTGXQECVGQJCPPQUWDKVQNKOKVC\KQPKF¶WUQIKiFCOQNVQVGORQ%Ky
OGVVGKPGXKFGP\CEJGNCOCIIKQTRCTVGFGNNGEQPVCOKPC\KQPKTKNGXCVGUQPQ
TKEQPFWEKDKNKCNN¶CORKQWVKNK\\QFKCNEWPKRTKPEKRKCVVKXKPGNRCUUCVQGCNNCNQTQ
RGTUKUVGP\CCODKGPVCNGOGPVTGRGTSWCPVQTKIWCTFCNCOCIIKQTRCTVGFGK
RTKPEKRKCVVKXKCVVWCNOGPVGWVKNK\\CVKUKRWyCHHGTOCTGEJGKNEQORCTVQCITKEQ
NQEQPKNUWRRQTVQFGNNGKPPQXC\KQPKKPOCVGTKCCFQVVCVGEPKEJGEJGJCPPQ
TKFQVVQPQVGXQNOGPVGNGFKURGTUKQPKFKRTQFQVVQPGNN¶CODKGPVG+PRTQRQUKVQ
OQNVQKPVGTGUUCPVKUQPQKITC¿EKGKPEWKUKTKRQTVCN¶CPFCOGPVQPGNRGTKQ
FQFGNNCHTGSWGP\CFKTKVTQXCOGPVQFKCITQHCTOCEKPGNNGCESWG
UWRGT¿EKCNKGUQVVGTTCPGG
VTGPFKPFKOKPW\KQPGEQPHTQPVCVQEQPKNPWOGTQ
FKUQUVCP\GEGTECVGGKNPWOGTQFKECORKQPKRTGNGXCVQ
VTGPFKPCWOGPVQ
>I8=@:@(\)$=i\hl\eqX[`i`kifmXd\ekf
\Xdg`\qqX[\cdfe`kfiX^^`fe\cc\XZhl\
jlg\iÔZ`Xc`\jfkk\iiXe\\
2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
Frequenza di ritrovamento (%)
Campioni totali
Sostanza cercata
ACQUE SOTTERRANEE - PESTICIDI TOTALI
45
Frequenza di ritrovamento (%)
:fe]X^i`ZfckliX1fiXelfm\Xq`fe`
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40
35
30
25
20
15
10
5
0
2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
Frequenza di ritrovamento (%)
Campioni totali
Sostanza cercata
[email protected]@NC<I@:?@<JK<;@:FE=8>I@:FCKLI8;[email protected]@JLCK8K@;<CCFJKL;@[email protected]
Efid\Z\ik\g\i`c[`^\jkXkf\elfm`Zi`k\i`g\ic\QME
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%QPHCITKEQNVWTC '\KQ 8GIIKC CN VGTOKPG FGN UGOKPCTKQ FK RTGUGPVC
\KQPGFGNTCRRQTVQKNIGPPCKQUEQTUQCXGXCUWDKVQUQNNGEKVCVQCK
OKPKUVTK FGNNG 2QNKVKEJG CITKEQNG G FGNN¶#ODKGPVG /CTVKPC G )CNNGVVK
WPC TCRKFC FG¿PK\KQPG FGNNG C\KQPK PGEGUUCTKG RGT FCTG TKURQUVG CN
UGVVQTG\QQVGEPKEQCNRTQUUKOQ³6CXQNQ0KVTCVK'KN6CXQNQVGPWVQUKKN
HGDDTCKQEQPKOKPKUVTKGNG4GIKQPKJCEQPHGTOCVQEJGKPDCUG
CNNQUVWFKQ+524#EKUQPQNGEQPFK\KQPKRGTHCTGWPWNVGTKQTGRCUUQ
CXCPVKPGNNCUGORNK¿EC\KQPGFGINKCFGORKOGPVKDWTQETCVKEKGVGEPKEK
RGTKNUGVVQTG\QQVGEPKEQ
)NKQDKGVVKXKKPFKECVKUQPQSWGNNKFKGOCPCTGTCRKFCOGPVGKNFGETGVQ
FKIGUVCVQEQPCNEWPGUGORNK¿EC\KQPKPGNNCIGUVKQPGFGINKGHÀWGPVKG
TGIQNG RGT N¶WVKNK\\Q CITQPQOKEQ FGN FKIGUVCVQ UW EWK C DTGXG XGTTi
HQTPKVQKNRCTGTGFGNNC%QOOKUUKQPGGWTQRGCTKPPQXCTGNCTKEJKGUVCFK
FGTQICCPEJGUGTKIWCTFCWPPWOGTQNKOKVCVQFKC\KGPFG\QQVGEPKEJG
RTQEGFGTG CNN¶CIIKQTPC
OGPVQ FGNNG CTGG XWNPGTC
DKNK 4KURGVVQ C SWGUV¶WNVK
OQRWPVQKOKPKUVTKJCPPQ
¿UUCVQ C OGVi OCT\Q NC
FCVC FK XGTK¿EC FGNNC FQ
EWOGPVC\KQPGRTGFKURQUVC
FCNNG 4GIKQPK Ê KPFKURGP
UCDKNG EJG VCNG UECFGP\C
UKCTKURGVVCVCRGTFCTGCVVWC\KQPGCSWCPVQRTGXKUVQFCNN¶#EEQTFQ5VC
VQ4GIKQPKFGNOCIIKQEJGKPTGNC\KQPGCKTKUWNVCVKFGNNQUVWFKQ
+URTCRTGXGFGN¶CIIKQTPCOGPVQFGNNG\QPGXWNPGTCDKNKGN¶CFGIWCOGP
VQFGKRTQITCOOKFKC\KQPGEQUKEQOGpUQVVQNKPGC%QPHCITKEQNVWTC
KPFKURGPUCDKNG CRTKTG WP EQPHTQPVQ EQP N¶7PKQPG GWTQRGC RGT WPC
OCIIKQTGÀGUUKDKNKViFGNNGFKURQUK\KQPKFGNNC&KTGVVKXCPKVTCVK
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ENKOCVKEJGJCPPQEQPFK\KQPCVQKPPGICVKXQGKPRQUKVKXQKTKUWNVCVK
RTQFWVVKXKFGNNGXCTKGEQNVWTGPGNNCPQUVTCTGIKQPGKPRCTVKEQNCTGUKp
QUUGTXCVQWPKPXGTPQEQPRTGEKRKVC\KQPKGVGORGTCVWTGOQNVQUWRG
TKQTKCNNCPQTOCWP¶GUVCVGCUUCKHTGUECGRKQXQUCWPCWVWPPQOQNVQ
ECNFQPGKXCNQTKOKPKOKGEQPRTGEKRKVC\KQPKPWQXCOGPVGCDDQPFCPVK
CPQXGODTG5GN¶CPPCVCCITCTKCCRRGPCVTCUEQTUCPQPUCTiTKEQT
FCVCVTCNGOKINKQTKWPCDWQPCRCTVGFGNNGECWUGXCFWPSWGCVVTK
DWKVC CNN¶CPFCOGPVQ ENKOCVKEQ CN SWCNG UK CUUQOOCPQ INK GHHGVVK
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7PKQPECOGTGFGN8GPGVQKN%GPVTQOGVGQTQNQIKEQ#42#8GN¶7PKVi
RGTKHGTKECRGTK5GTXK\K¿VQUCPKVCTKFGNNC4GIKQPG8GPGVQNGEWKRTKOG
XCNWVC\KQPKUWNN¶CPFCOGPVQFGNUGVVQTGCITQCNKOGPVCTGXGPGVQUQPQ
UVCVGRTGUGPVCVGKNIGPPCKQPGNNCUGFGFK%QTVG$GPGFGVVKPCC
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UWCNEWPGEQNVWTGFGNN¶GEEG\KQPCNGRKQXQUKViRTKOCXGTKNGFCOCT\QC
OCIIKQpECFWVCKP8GPGVQWPCSWCPVKViFKRKQIIKCRK~EJGFQRRKC
TKURGVVQCNNCOGFKCFGNEQPVGORGTCVWTGFGEKUCOGPVG
KPHGTKQTKCNNCPQTOC0GJCPPQTKUGPVKVQUQRTCVVWVVQKEGTGCNKCWVWPPQ
XGTPKPKNGEWKRTQFW\KQPKTKUWNVCPQKPIGPGTCNGFKOKPW\KQPGHTWOGPVQ
VGPGTQGHTWOGPVQFWTQOGPVTGNCRTQFW\KQPGFGNN¶QT\Qp
CWOGPVCVCFGNOCUQNCOGPVGITC\KGCNPQVGXQNGCWOGPVQFGN
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ECTCVVGTK\\CVQ FC WP¶GUVCVG OQNVQ UKEEKVQUC KN OCKU EJG UK
EQPHGTOCRTKOCEQNVWTCTGIKQPCNGEQPWPCUWRGT¿EKGFKGV
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GWPCRTQFW\KQPGUCNKVCCOKNKQPKVQPPGNNCVG
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UWDtVQ N¶CPFCOGPVQ FGNNG SWQVC\KQPK KPVGTPC\KQPCNK KPÀWGP\CVG FC
WP¶CPPCVCIGPGTCNOGPVGCUUCKRTQFWVVKXCCNKXGNNQINQDCNG
5QPQSWKPFKTKUWNVCVKCNTKDCUUQKRTG\\KOGFKCPPWKFKOCKU
HTWOGPVQVGPGTQ
GQT\Q
5VCDKNGKNRTG\\QFGNHTWOGPVQ
FWTQGKPEQPVTQVGPFGP\CSWGNNQFGNTKUQ
³(QTVWPCVCOGPVGJCTKNGXCVQKNEQOOKUUCTKQUVTCQTFKPCTKQFGNN¶GPVG
)KWUGRRG0G\\Q±NCSWCNKViEJGEQPVTCFFKUVKPIWGKRTQFQVVKFGNNC
PQUVTCCITKEQNVWTCTKGUEGURGUUQCEQPVGPGTGNGFKH¿EQNViEJGINKKO
RTGPFKVQTKKPEQPVTCPQUWKOGTECVK´'KPGHHGVVKKNUGVVQTG±VTCGNGOGP
VKFKFGDQNG\\CGUGIPCNKRQUKVKXKPQPQUVCPVGVWVVQJCTGIKUVTCVQWPC
2NXKPETGUEKVCEQPWPNGIIGTQKPETGOGPVQFGNTKURGVVQCN
RCTKCWPKORQTVQFKOKNKCTFKFKGWTQ7PCWOGPVQFQXWVQSWCUK
GUENWUKXCOGPVGCNOKINKQTCOGPVQFGNNGRGTHQTOCPEGURTQFWVVKXGCN
FKNiRGTEKyFGKRTQDNGOKETGCVKFCNNC³XCTKCDKNG¿UUC´OGVGQ
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KPXGUVKTGRGTTCHHQT\CTGNCRTQRTKCC\KGPFC³5VCRGTRCTVKTGKNPWQXQ
2TQITCOOCFKUXKNWRRQTWTCNGEJG¿PQCNOGVVGTiCFKURQUK
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TCPPQKRTKOKDCPFKQTKGPVCVKCNTCHHQT\COGPVQFGNNGPQUVTGKORTGUG
CITKEQNG CNNC EQORGVKVKXKVi CNNC DCPFC NCTIC CK IKQXCPK´ ' RGT K
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UWDtVQ WP PQVGXQNG ECNQ FK UWRGT¿EKG OGPVTG KN EQN\C JC
TGIKUVTCVQWPEQURKEWQCWOGPVQFKRTQFW\KQPG
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EQNGKPRKGPQECORQ+PRCTVKEQNCTGKNTCFKEEJKQNCEWKRTQFW\KQPGp
UEGUCFGNOCPGJCHCXQTKVGCNVTGNCRCVCVCCFGUGORKQJC
CWOGPVCVQNCRTQFW\KQPGFGN
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RGUEJGCECWUCFGNECNQFGKEQPUWOKGFGNNCRGUCPVG\\CFGKOGT
ECVKJCEQUVTGVVQNC%QOOKUUKQPGGWTQRGCCKPVGTXGPKTGEQPOKUWTG
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RGUCTGpUQRTCVVWVVQN¶CU¿UUKCPVGDWTQETC\KCEQPKEQPUGIWGPVK
EQUVKIGUVKQPCNKCIIKWPVKXK5KKORQPGWPCTCFKECNGTGXKUKQPG
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+N TCRRQTVQ UGIPCNC CPEQTC KP ECNQ KN PWOGTQ FK KORTGUG CITKEQNG
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VQ CNNQ UVGUUQ RGTKQFQ FGN +P PQVGXQNG TKFW\KQPG CPEJG INK
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UK UVKOC KP CWOGPVQ FGN TKURGVVQ CNNQ UVGUUQ RGTKQFQ FGN
EJGRCUUCFCCOKNKQPKFKGWTQWPTKUWNVCVQFQXWVQ
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TKURGVVQCNNCETGUEKVCFGNNGGURQTVC\KQPK
4KOCPGKPXGEGKPXCTKCVQKNPWOGTQFGNNGKORTGUGCVVKXGPGNN¶KPFWUVTKC
CNKOGPVCTG
)*
Il Patronato Enapa (Ente nazionale assistenza patrocinio agricoltori),
istituito dalla Confederazione generale dell'agricoltura italiana nel 1992, è al servizio gratuito
degli agricoltori, dei coltivatori diretti e di tutti i cittadini per l'assistenza gratuita
nel campo sociale, previdenziale e sanitario.
Il Patronato fornisce consulenza, informazione e assistenza
secondo quanto previsto dalla legge 152/2001.
Tutti gli agricoltori e i cittadini possono rivolgersi al Patronato Enapa per
lo svolgimento di pratiche in materia di: previdenza Inps, Inpdap, calcolo pensione,
trasmissione telematica domande di pensione Inps,
connessione telematica banca dati enti previdenziali ed assistenziali,
disoccupazione, cure termali, indennità maternità lavoratrici autonome,
invalidità civile, attività diverse di informazione
sostegno e assistenza in campo socio sanitario, assistenza Inail.
Sedi provinciali in Veneto
BELLUNO - Via Zuppani 5 - 32100. Tel. 0437/943196 Fax 0437/942172
Email: [email protected] - Responsabile: Giorgia Fant
PADOVA - ALBIGNASEGO - Strada Battaglia 71/c - 35020. Tel. 049/8223562 Fax 049/8223526
Email: [email protected] - Responsabile: Piercarlo Cavinato
ROVIGO - Piazza Duomo 2 - 45100 Tel. e Fax 0425/204422-425
Email: [email protected] - [email protected] - Email PEC [email protected] - Responsabile: Paola Zerbinati
TREVISO - CASTAGNOLE DI PAESE - Via Feltrina 56/b - 31038. Tel. 0422/592080 Fax 0422/410168
Email: [email protected] - Responsabile: Gianfranco Simion
VENEZIA - MESTRE - Via C. Monteverdi 15 – 30174. Tel. 041/950919 Fax: 041/958398
Email: [email protected] - Responsabile: Daniela Meneghello
VICENZA - Viale Trento 197 - 36100. Tel. 0444/288588 Fax 0444/288351
Email: [email protected] - Responsabile: Eleonora Toniolo
VERONA - Viale Del Lavoro 52 - 37135 Tel. 045/8628850 - Fax 045/8202999
Email: [email protected] - Responsabile: Carla De Berti. Addetti: Francesca Avesani, Maria Teresa Sartori
Un servizio promosso dalla Confagricoltura
ENAP
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