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Chinese Course – Part 1 by Prof. Xu Aini

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Greetings
(*^__^*)
—Nǐhǎo.
—Hello.

—zǎo shang hǎo.
—Good morning.

—wǎn shang hǎo.
—Good evening.
Tips. We don’t usually
say “Xià Wǔ Hǎo (Good afternoon)”.
“Nǐhǎo” is enough.
Greetings
(*^__^*)
—Zài jiàn.
—Good bye.

—Xièxie.
—Thanks.
—Bú kè qi.
—You are welcome.
—Duì bu qǐ
—Sorry.
—Méi guān xi.
—Never mind.
Tips.
Bú kè qi.
—Bú yòng xiè.
Méi guān xi. —Méi shì’r
u Nǐ
你 you
u Wǒ 我 I
u Tā 他/她 he/she
to be called
Dialogue
Nǐ hǎo! Wǒ jiào XXX!Nǐ jiào shén me mínɡ zi?
Hello. My name is XXX. What’s your name?
Nǐ hǎo!Wǒ jiào XXX. Nǐ shì Zhōnɡ ɡuó rén mɑ?
Hello. My name is XXX. Are you Chinese?
Shì de, wǒ shì Zhōnɡ ɡuó rén, nǐ shì nǎ lǐ rén ?
Yes, I’m Chinese. Where are you from?
Wǒ shì XX rén.
I’m XXX.
Dialogue
Nǐ shì xué shēnɡ mɑ?
Are you a student?
Shì de, wǒ shì xué shēnɡ.
Yes, I am.
Wǒ yě shì xué shēnɡ, jīn tiān jiàn dào nǐ hěn ɡāo xìnɡ!
I’m also a student. Glad to meet you today. Wǒ yě shì . Me too.
Exercise
u 
u 
Make a simple self-introduction.
u 
Wǒ jiào…
(name)
u 
Wǒ shì … rén.
(nationality)
u 
Wǒ shì …
(Profession)
Introduce a new friend. If you
don’t know his or her info,
please ask him/her.
Number 1~10 with gestures
⼀一(yī)
六(liù)
⼆二(èr)
七(qī)
三(sān)
四(sì)
五(wǔ)
⼋八(bā)
九(jiǔ)
⼗十(shí)
Count off
Please count off from 1 to 10 and
remember your own number!
When you hear your number, please
stand up, make the gesture and
speak out the number.
Number 11~100
u  11.
⼗十⼀一,12. ⼗十⼆二,…… 19. ⼗十九
u  20. ⼆二⼗十,21. ⼆二⼗十⼀一,…… 29. ⼆二⼗十九
u  30. 三⼗十,……
u  ……
u  90. 九⼗十,91. 九⼗十⼀一,…… 99. 九⼗十九
yì bǎi
u  100. ⼀一 百
purchase
u  100 yuán
u  100 kuài
u  50 yuán
purchase
u  20 yuán
u  10 yuán
purchase
u  5 yuán
u  1 yuán
purchase
u  1 yuán
u  5 jiǎo
purchase
u  1 jiǎo
u  fēn
purchase
u  sān bǎi bā shí qī yuán liù jiǎo Dialogue
u  — zhè ge duō shǎo qián?
u  — How much is this?
u  — 150 Yuán./ 150 Kuài.
u  — RMB150.
u  — Tài ɡuì le! Pián yi yì diǎn.
u  — Too expensive! Make it cheaper a little.
u  — 140 Kuài, xíng bu xíng? u  — RMB140,OK?
Dialogue
u  — Bù, 100 Kuài.
u  — No, RMB100. u  — Bù xíng, 120 Kuài, bù néng pián yi le.
u  — No, RMB120. It’s the last price.
u  — Nà ge duō shǎo qián?
u  — How much is that?
u  — 120 Kuài.
u  —RMB120.
Dialogue
u  — 100 Kuài, wǒ yào nà ge,
u  — RMB100, I want that one. u  — hǎo ba, hǎo ba.
u  — Fine, qine.
u  — Gěi nǐ qián.
u  — Here is the money.
u  — Xiè xie…
u  — Bú kè qi…
Exercise
u  Role
Play
u 
1 Shop owner
u 
1 customer
yī fu kù zi qún zi xié zi Key words:
duō shǎo qián, ɡuì, pián yi 
Days
u  xīng qī yī
u  xīng qī wǔ
u  Monday
u  Friday
u  xing qī’ èr
u  xīng qī liù
u  Tuesday
u  Saturday
u  xīng qī sān
u  xīng qī tiān
u  Wednesday
u  Sunday
u  xīng qī sì
u  xīng qī rì
u  Thursday
u  Sunday
Date
u 
yī yuè ⼀一⽉月
u 
wǔ yuè
u 
jiǔ yuè
u 
January u 
May
u 
September
u 
èr yuè
u 
liù yuè
u 
shí yuè
u 
February
u 
June
u 
October
u 
sān yuè
u 
qī yuè
u 
shí yī yuè
u 
March
u 
July
u 
November
u 
sì yuè
u 
bā yuè
u 
shí èr yuè
u 
April
u 
August
u 
December
Useful expressions
u  August 7th u  8⽉月7⽇日bā yuè qī rì
u  8⽉月7号bā yuè qī hào
u  Wǒ de shēng rì shì X yuè X hào.
u  My birthday is …
u  — Nǐ jīn nián jǐ suì?
u  — How old are you this year?
u  — Wǒ X suì.
u  — I’m X years old.
Time
u  bā diǎn
u  shí diǎn shí fēn
u  7:30
qī diǎn bàn
u  3:15
sān diǎn yí kè
u  5:45
wǔ diǎn sān kè
u  jiǔ diǎn sì shí fēn
Useful expressions
u  A:
u 
Xiàn zài jǐ diǎn le?
What time is it now?
u  B:
3:15p.m.
u  Xià
wǔ sān diǎn yí kè.
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