close

Enter

Log in using OpenID

N:\Staff Share\navid\Geography\Unit 1\Unit 1Stu cover sheet.xps

embedDownload
Student Guide
5091 Geography
Unit 1
Excelsior
5091 - Geography
Unit 1 - Assignments
Date
Day
www.excelsior.com
Daily Assignment
1
Read Chapter 1, Section 1 "Themes and Essential elements", pages 2-8 in your textbook.
Complete Guided Reading Strategies 1.1 on Day 1 of your Packet.
2
Read Chapter 1, Section 1 "Themes and Essential elements", pages 2-8 in your textbook.
Complete Main Ideas Activities 1.1 on Day 2 of your Packet.
3
Read Chapter 1, Section 2 "Using the Geographer's Tools", pages 9-19 in your textbook.
Complete Guided Reading Strategies 1.2 on Day 3 of your Packet.
4
Read Chapter 1, Section 2 "Using the Geographer's Tools", pages 9-19 in your textbook.
Complete Main Ideas Activities1.2 on Day 4 of your Packet.
5
Complete the Day 5 quiz in your packet.
6
Read Chapter 2, Section 1 "The Solar System", pages 25-28 in your textbook. Complete
Guided Reading Strategies 2.1 and the "Main Ideas activities" on day 6 of your Packet.
7
Read Chapter 2, Section 2 "Earth-Sun Relationships", pages 29-31 in your textbook. Complete
Guided Reading Strategies 2.2 and the "Main Ideas activities" on day 7 of your Packet.
8
Read Chapter 2, Section 3 "The Earth System", pages 35-37 in your textbook. Complete
Guided Reading Strategies 2.3 and the "Main Ideas activities" on day 8 of your Packet.
9
Read Chapter 2, Section 3 "The Earth System", pages 35-37 in your textbook. Complete the
"Main Ideas activities" on day 9 of your Packet.
10
Complete the Day 10 quiz in your packet.
11
Read Chapter 3, Section 1 "Factors Affecting Climate", pages 41-45 in your textbook.
Complete Guided Reading Strategies 3.1 and the "Main Ideas activities" on day 11 of your
Packet.
12
Read Chapter 3, Section 2 "Weather Factors", pages 46-49 in your textbook. Complete
Guided Reading Strategies 3.2 and the "Main Ideas activities" on day 12 of your Packet.
13
Read Chapter 3, Section 3 "Climate and Vegetation Patterns", pages 50-57 in your textbook.
Complete Guided Reading Strategies 3.3 on day 13 of your Packet.
14
Read Chapter 3, Section 3 "Climate and Vegetation Patterns", pages 50-57 in your textbook.
Complete "Main Ideas activities" on day 14 of your Packet.
15
Complete the Day 15 quiz in your packet.
16
Review the 1-15 lessons and take unit test
17
Review the 1-15 lessons and take unit test
Day 1
Geography Unit 1
Name
CHAPTER
Class
1
Student Guide
Date
Guided Reading Strategies 1.1
Studying Geography
READING THE SECTION As you read the section, complete the chart below by identifying and describing geography’s six essential elements.
Essential Element:
Description:
Essential Element:
Description:
Essential Element:
Description:
Essential Element:
Description:
Essential Element:
Description:
Essential Element:
Description:
POST-READING QUICK CHECK After you have finished reading the section, in the
space provided, discuss some of the organizations and companies in which geographers
work.
Copyright В© by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved.
Holt World Geography Today
Page 1 of 23
Guided Reading Strategies
Day 2
Geography Unit 1
Name
Student Guide
Class
CHAPTER
1
Date
Main Idea Activities 1.1
Studying Geography
VOCABULARY Some terms to understand:
• diversity (4): variety
• forecast (5): predict
• complex (6): complicated; made up of many parts
• suburbs (6): residential areas on the outskirts of cities or large towns
• revived (6): brought back to life; restored
• perceive (7): view; see
ORGANIZING INFORMATION Use the following items to complete the chart below.
• Physical Systems
• Place
• Human Systems
• Environment and Society
• Region
• Places and Regions
Five Themes of Geography
• The Uses of Geography
• Location
• Human-Environment Interaction
• The World in Spatial Terms
• Movement
Six Essential Elements of Geography
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
EVALUATING INFORMATION Mark each statement T if it is true or F if it is false.
_____ 1. Geographers study everything from rocks and rainfall to people and places.
_____ 2. Geographers use a spatial perspective to study the world.
_____ 3. Geography has two branches—people geography and places geography.
_____ 4. Earth’s natural environments include landforms, water features, and soil.
_____ 5. People all over the world use geography every day.
Copyright В© by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved.
Holt World Geography Today
Page 2 of 23
Main Idea Activities
Day 2
Geography Unit 1
Name
Student Guide
Class
Date
Chapter 1 Main Idea Activities 1.1, continued
_____ 6. Most cartographers do not use computers to make maps.
_____ 7. Cartographers forecast the weather so we will know what to expect.
_____ 8. The United States Geological Survey employs many cartographers.
_____ 9. Regions are always very large areas.
_____10. A formal region has one or more common features that make it different
from surrounding areas.
_____11. “Back home” is a functional region for most people.
_____12. Geographers use the six essential elements of geography to organize
information.
REVIEWING FACTS Choose the correct items from the following list to complete the
statements below.
cartography
functional region
meteorology
landscape
geography
region
perceptual region
perception
perspective
1.
is the study of everything on Earth.
2. The way a person looks at something is called that person’s
.
3. A(n)
human, and cultural features.
is the scenery of a place, including its physical,
4. The study of maps and mapmaking is known as
5. One subfield of geography is
.
, the study of weather.
6. A(n)
is an area with one or more common features that
make it different from surrounding areas.
7. A(n)
together and function as a unit.
8. Human
environment around us.
is made up of different places that are linked
is our awareness and understanding of the
9. A region that reflects human feelings and attitudes is known as a(n)
.
Copyright В© by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved.
Holt World Geography Today
Page 3 of 23
Main Idea Activities
Day 3
Geography Unit 1
Name
Student Guide
Class
CHAPTER
1
Date
Guided Reading Strategies 1.2
Studying Geography
READING THE SECTION As you read the section, write the correct term next to its
description. Choose your answers from the list below.
map projections
climate graph
topography
continents
hemispheres
precipitation
longitude
compass rose
parallels
equator
legend
prime meridian
______________________ 1. Grid lines that are drawn in a north-south direction
______________________ 2. Imaginary line that circles the globe halfway between
Earth’s North Pole and South Pole
______________________ 3. The two halves of the globe
______________________ 4. Earth’s seven large landmasses
______________________ 5. Different ways of presenting the round Earth on
flat maps
______________________ 6. Lines of latitude
______________________ 7. Imaginary line drawn from the North Pole through
Greenwich, England, to the South Pole
______________________ 8. Has arrows that point to all four principal directions
______________________ 9. Identifies the symbols on a map and what they
represent
______________________ 10. Condensed droplets of water that fall as rain, snow,
sleet, or hail
______________________ 11. Elevation, layout, and shapes of the land
______________________ 12. Shows the average temperatures and precipitation in
a place
POST-READING QUICK CHECK After you have finished reading the section, in the
space provided, identify the three types of map projections that mapmakers use.
1. Map Projection: _______________________________________________________
2. Map Projection: _______________________________________________________
3. Map Projection: _______________________________________________________
Copyright В© by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved.
Holt World Geography Today
Page 4 of 23
Guided Reading Strategies
Day 4
Geography Unit 1
Name
CHAPTER
Student Guide
Class
1
Date
Main Idea Activities 1.2
Studying Geography
VOCABULARY Some terms to understand:
• intersection (9): place at which two lines meet
• organize (10): establish order in; arrange
• landmasses (10): large areas of land
• distortion (11): lack of a true or accurate shape or representation
• navigators (11): people whose job it is to plot and follow a course to get from place
to place
• retains (12): keeps; maintains; preserves
• elements (14): parts; components; features; facets
CLASSIFYING INFORMATION For each of the following, write the letter of the correct
choice in the space provided.
_____ 1. This map shows borders, cities, countries,
and states.
a. precipitation map
b. economic map
_____ 2. This map shows mountains, rivers, and
other bodies of water.
c. political map
_____ 3. This map shows various climate regions.
d. contour map
_____ 4. This map shows the average amount of rain, snow,
hail, or sleet that an area gets each year.
e. physical map
f. topographic map
_____ 5. This map shows where the people of an area live.
_____ 6. This map shows an area’s important natural
resources.
g. population map
h. climate map
_____ 7. This map shows the elevation, layout, and shape of
the land.
_____ 8. This map uses contour lines to connect points of
equal elevation above or below sea level.
EVALUATING INFORMATION Mark each statement T if it is true or F if it is false.
_____ 1. Lines of longitude are drawn in an east-west direction.
_____ 2. The equator is an imaginary line that circles the globe halfway between
Earth’s North Pole and South Pole.
Copyright В© by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved.
Holt World Geography Today
Page 5 of 23
Main Idea Activities
Geography Unit 1
Day 4
Name
Class
Student Guide
Date
Chapter 1 Main Idea Activities 1.2, continued
_____ 3. The equator divides the globe into six hemispheres.
_____ 4. The smallest continent on Earth is North America.
_____ 5. Greenland is the largest island in the world.
_____ 6. Because Earth is round, all flat maps have some distortion.
_____ 7. A flat-plane projection is useful for showing true direction.
_____ 8. Drawing a straight line on a flat map will show the shortest route between
two places.
_____ 9. A map’s legend identifies the symbols on a map and what they represent.
_____10. There are 50 contiguous states in the United States.
_____11. Some early European mapmakers placed sea monsters at the edges of their
maps.
_____12. The term topography refers to condensed droplets of water that fall as rain,
snow, sleet, or hail.
_____13. An elevation profile shows a side view of a place or area.
_____14. A population pyramid shows the percentages of males and females by age
group in a country’s population.
UNDERSTANDING MAIN IDEAS For each of the following, write the letter of the best
choice in the space provided.
_____ 1. Lines of latitude are
a. drawn in a north-south direction.
b. also called meridians.
c. used on globes but not on maps.
d. drawn in an east-west direction.
_____ 2. How many continents are there on Earth?
a. 2
b. 5
c. 7
d. 11
_____ 3. A Mercator map is a
a. cylindrical projection.
b. great-circle route projection.
c. conic projection.
d. flat-plane projection.
Copyright В© by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved.
Holt World Geography Today
Page 6 of 23
Main Idea Activities
Day 5
Geography Unit 1
Student Guide
Name: ________________________ Class: ___________________ Date: __________
Geography, Unit 1, Day 5 quiz
Modified True/False
Indicate whether the statement is true or false. If false, change the identified word or phrase to make the statement true.
____
1. A region is the scenery of a place, including its physical, human, and cultural features.
_________________________
____
2. Human and physical geography is linked by the interaction of people with their environment.
_________________________
____
3. The prime meridian is an imaginary line that marks the 0 point for lines of longitude.
_________________________
____
4. There are six continents on Earth. _________________________
____
5. The world's largest geographic feature is Asia. _________________________
Matching
Match each item with the correct statement below.
a. landscape
g.
b. topography
h.
c. meteorology
i.
j.
d. functional region
e. formal region
k.
f. latitude
l.
atlas
longitude
perspective
cartography
contiguous
degree
____
6. the study of weather
____
7. the Great Lakes
____
8. lines drawn on the globe to measure distance east and west of the prime meridian
____
9. a collection of maps in a book
____ 10. the physical, human, and cultural features of a place
____ 11. the elevation, layout, and shape of the land
____ 12. the airports of the United States
____ 13. the unit of measurement for distance between parallels or meridians
Page 7 of 23
Geography Unit 1
Day 5
Student Guide
Name: ________________________
____ 14. when all the territories within a country are physically connected
____ 15. the way a person looks at something
Short Answer
16. Degrees are subdivided into ____.
17. Describe an give examples of a functional region?
18. How people use natural resources is an important component of the essential element of ____.
19. The essential element of the world in spatial terms is similar to the theme of ____.
20. ____ is another word for longitude.
21. Name the smallest ocean.
22. Earth is divided into the Eastern and Western Hemispheres by the prime meridian and the ____.
23. What is the world’s largest island?
24. Lines of latitude measure the distance north and south of the ____.
25. ____ is not a part of the contiguous United States.
26. What are contour lines?
27. What kinds of information can be obtained from economic maps?
28. What are the five themes of geography?
29. What are the six essential elements in geography?
Page 8 of 23
Geography Unit 1
Day 5
Student Guide
Name: ________________________
Average Precipitation and Rainfall for Selected Cities in the United States
Average
Average
Average
Average
Rainfall
City
Temperature
Temperature
Rainfall June
January
January (В°F)
June (В°F)
(inches)
(inches)
Sacramento, CA
45
70
60
5
Kansas City, KA
28
75
12
51
Washington, DC
30
70
29
38
30. Use the above table and determine which city has the most constant climate? Why?
Page 9 of 23
Day 6
Geography Unit 1
Name
CHAPTER
Class
2
Student Guide
Date
Guided Reading Strategies 2.1
Earth in Space
READING THE SECTION As you read the section, complete the following outline by
supplying the main idea and the missing subtopics and supporting details.
The Solar System
Main Idea: ______________________________________________________________
Topic I: Planets are major bodies that orbit a star.
Detail A: There are four inner and five outer planets in the solar system.
Detail B: ____________________________________________________________
Topic II: ________________________________________________________________
Detail A: The diameter of the Sun is more than 100 times greater than that of Earth.
Detail B: ____________________________________________________________
Detail C: The Moon is about 240,000 miles from Earth and is about one fourth of
Earth’s size.
Topic III: Rotation, revolution, and tilt affect the amount of solar energy received at
different locations on Earth.
Detail A: A rotation, which takes 24 hours, is one complete spin of Earth on its axis.
Detail B: ____________________________________________________________
Detail C: ____________________________________________________________
POST-READING QUICK CHECK After you have finished reading the section, in the
space provided, identify the four inner planets and the five outer planets in the solar
system.
1. Inner Planets: _________________________________________________________
2. Outer Planets: _________________________________________________________
Copyright В© by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved.
Holt World Geography Today
Page 10 of 23
Guided Reading Strategies
Day 7
Geography Unit 1
Name
CHAPTER
Student Guide
Class
2
Date
Guided Reading Strategies 2.2
Earth in Space
READING THE SECTION As you read the section, examine each of the pairs of statements below. Circle the letter of the statement in each pair that is true.
1. a. The polar regions receive the most solar energy throughout the year.
b. The tropics receive the most solar energy throughout the year.
2. a. When the North Pole points toward the Sun, direct rays strike the Southern
Hemisphere.
b. When the North Pole points toward the Sun, direct rays strike the Northern
Hemisphere.
3. a. There are four general seasons: winter, spring, summer, and fall.
b. There are five general seasons: winter, spring, summer, fall, and autumn.
4. a. The tilt of Earth’s axis causes the Northern and Southern Hemispheres to have the
same seasons at the same time of the year.
b. The tilt of Earth’s axis causes the Northern and Southern Hemispheres to have
opposite seasons at the same time of the year.
5. a. Solstices occur each year about December 21 and June 21.
b. Solstices occur each year about March 21 and September 22.
6. a. The Tropic of Capricorn is the parallel located 23 1/2 degrees south of the equator.
b. The Tropic of Capricorn is the parallel located 23 1/2 degrees north of the equator.
7. a. All areas located south of the Antarctic Circle have 24 hours of darkness.
b. All areas located south of the Antarctic Circle have 24 hours of daylight.
8. a. The Arctic Circle is located 66 1/2 degrees north of the equator.
b. The Arctic Circle is located 66 1/2 degrees south of the equator.
9. a. During a solstice, both hemispheres receive 12 hours of daylight.
b. During an equinox, both hemispheres receive 12 hours of daylight.
POST-READING QUICK CHECK After you have finished reading the section, in the
space provided, describe the location and general weather pattern of each latitude
shown below.
1. Low-Latitude Areas—Location: ___________________________________________
Weather: _____________________________________________________________
2. High-Latitude Areas—Location: __________________________________________
Weather: _____________________________________________________________
3. Middle-Latitude Areas—Location: _________________________________________
Weather: _____________________________________________________________
Copyright В© by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved.
Holt World Geography Today
Page 11 of 23
Guided Reading Strategies
Day 8
Geography Unit 1
Name
CHAPTER
Class
2
Student Guide
Date
Guided Reading Strategies 2.3
Earth in Space
READING THE SECTION As you read the section, examine the descriptions of the Earth
system below. For each description, place a check mark in the box next to the part of the
Earth system being described.
1. The solid crust of the planet
вќ‘ Atmosphere
вќ‘ Lithosphere
вќ‘ Hydrosphere
вќ‘ Biosphere
2. Includes all life forms, both plants and animals
вќ‘ Atmosphere
вќ‘ Lithosphere
вќ‘ Hydrosphere
вќ‘ Biosphere
3. The envelope of gases that surrounds Earth
вќ‘ Atmosphere
вќ‘ Lithosphere
вќ‘ Hydrosphere
вќ‘ Biosphere
4. All of Earth’s water
вќ‘ Atmosphere
вќ‘ Lithosphere
вќ‘ Hydrosphere
вќ‘ Biosphere
5. Includes land and soil
вќ‘ Atmosphere
вќ‘ Lithosphere
вќ‘ Hydrosphere
вќ‘ Biosphere
6. Extends from deep ocean floors to high in the atmosphere
вќ‘ Atmosphere
вќ‘ Lithosphere
вќ‘ Hydrosphere
вќ‘ Biosphere
7. Protects Earth from the Sun’s harmful radiation
вќ‘ Atmosphere
вќ‘ Lithosphere
вќ‘ Hydrosphere
вќ‘ Biosphere
8. Covers about 70 percent of Earth’s surface
вќ‘ Atmosphere
вќ‘ Lithosphere
вќ‘ Biosphere
вќ‘ Hydrosphere
POST-READING QUICK CHECK After you have finished reading the section, in the
space provided, explain how individuals can influence decision making on environmental
issues.
Copyright В© by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved.
Holt World Geography Today
Page 12 of 23
Guided Reading Strategies
Day 9
Geography Unit 1
Name
CHAPTER
Student Guide
Class
2
Date
Main Idea Activities 2.3
Earth in Space
VOCABULARY Some terms to understand:
• complex (34): complicated
• decayed (34): rotten; decomposed
• global (34): worldwide
• convert (34): change; adapt; modify; alter
• sustain (35): support; nurture; nourish
• glaciers (35): large, slow-moving sheets or rivers of ice
• essential (35): necessary; important; fundamental; key
• spawn (36): reproduce; produce new life
• resolve (36): solve; untangle; come to a satisfactory conclusion
CLASSIFYING INFORMATION For each of the following, write the letter of the correct
choice in the space provided. Answers may be used more than once.
_____ 1. Includes all life forms
a. atmosphere
_____ 2. All of Earth’s water
b. lithosphere
_____ 3. Solid crust of Earth
c. hydrosphere
_____ 4. Envelope of gases that surrounds Earth
d. biosphere
_____ 5. Overlaps the other three spheres
_____ 6. Protects Earth from the Sun’s harmful radiation
_____ 7. Covers about 70 percent of Earth’s surface
_____ 8. Includes land and soil
_____ 9. Found in liquid, solid, and gaseous forms
_____10. Extends from deep ocean floors to high in the
atmosphere
_____11. Least dense and outermost sphere
_____12. Forms Earth’s continents, islands, and ocean floors
Copyright В© by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved.
Holt World Geography Today
Page 13 of 23
Main Idea Activities
Geography Unit 1
Name
Day 9
Class
Student Guide
Date
Chapter 2 Main Idea Activities 2.3, continued
EVALUATING INFORMATION Mark each statement T if it is true or F if it is false.
_____ 1. The Earth system is a group of different parts that interact to form a whole.
_____ 2. People are not considered part of the Earth system.
_____ 3. The actions that people take affect every part of the Earth system.
_____ 4. Each part of the Earth system is called a “sphere” because it occupies a shell
around Earth.
_____ 5. The atmosphere is held around Earth by the planet’s gravity.
_____ 6. Earth’s atmosphere contains about 78 percent oxygen and 21 percent
nitrogen.
_____ 7. Solid water, or ice, is found on both land and sea.
_____ 8. Large amounts of ice are locked up in glaciers in the tropics.
_____ 9. All of the planets in the solar system have large amounts of surface water.
_____10. The biosphere includes all plants and animals.
_____11. The environment includes all the biological, chemical, and physical conditions that interact and affect life.
_____12. The planet Mars has the most complex environment in our solar system.
_____13. No planets outside our solar system have been found.
_____14. Individuals and groups can affect decision making on environment issues by
lobbying, making legal challenges to planned developments, or trying to force
a vote on the issue.
Copyright В© by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved.
Holt World Geography Today
Page 14 of 23
Main Idea Activities
Day 10
Geography Unit 1
Name: ________________________ Class: ___________________ Date: __________
Geography Unit 1 Day 10 Quiz
Matching
Match each item with the correct statement below.
a. moons
g.
b. tropics
h.
c. atmosphere
i.
j.
d. rotation
e. polar region
k.
f. planets
l.
equinox
biosphere
revolution
solstice
hydrosphere
system
____
1. major bodies that orbit a star
____
2. time at which Earth's poles point at the greatest angle away from or toward the Sun
____
3. a group of different parts that interact to form a whole
____
4. one elliptical orbit of Earth around the Sun
____
5. the part of Earth that includes all life
____
6. occurs when both hemispheres receive an equal amount of sunlight
____
7. smaller objects that orbit a planet
____
8. all of Earth's water
____
9. warm low-latitude areas near the equator
____ 10. the envelope of gases that surround Earth
Short Answer
11. Which planet does not have an atmosphere and lithosphere?
12. The Moon orbits Earth every ____.
13. Most stars are grouped together in huge bodies called ____.
14. Which area of Earth receives the most solar energy in a year?
15. Which of the following planets is not terrestrial?
Page 15 of 23
Student Guide
Day 10
Geography Unit 1
Student Guide
Name: ________________________
16. The shape of Earth's orbit is ____.
17. Which planet has more moons than Earth?
18. On which day does the Sun never set on the Arctic Circle?
19. On a ____, there are equal periods of daylight and darkness.
20. What is at the center of the solar system?
21. What are the main bodies that make up the solar system?
22. How do rotation and revolution affect Earth?
23. How are solstices and equinoxes different?
24. Why are the planets visible?
25. Why are the seasons at opposite times of the year in the Northern and Southern Hemispheres?
26. What is Earth's position within the solar system?
27. Why does the area north of the Arctic Circle receive no sunlight during the winter solstice?
28. Describe the three factors that affect how much solar energy is received by various places on Earth.
29. How are Earth's spheres different from each other?
Essay
30. How does each sphere of the environment affect the other?
Page 16 of 23
Day 11
Geography Unit 1
Name
CHAPTER
Student Guide
Class
3
Date
Guided Reading Strategies 3.1
Weather and Climate
READING THE SECTION As you read the section, circle the boldface word or phrase
that best completes each statement below.
1. Weather / Climate is the condition of the atmosphere at a given time and place.
2. The measurement of heat is called temperature / global warming.
3. The term lighthouse effect / greenhouse effect refers to the process by which Earth’s
atmosphere traps heat energy.
4. At very high altitudes the air is too thin / thick for humans to breathe.
5. All centers of low pressure are called doldrums / cyclones.
6. Wind is the horizontal / vertical flow of air.
7. Wind always flows from high / low pressure areas to high / low pressure areas.
8. A front occurs when two air masses of the same / widely different temperatures or
moisture levels meet.
9. Water / Land heats and cools more slowly than water / land.
10. Ocean currents move counterclockwise / clockwise in the Northern Hemisphere.
POST-READING QUICK CHECK After you have finished reading the section, in the
space provided, identify the four major air pressure zones.
1. Air Pressure Zone: _____________________________________________________
2. Air Pressure Zone: _____________________________________________________
3. Air Pressure Zone: _____________________________________________________
4. Air Pressure Zone: _____________________________________________________
Copyright В© by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved.
Holt World Geography Today
Page 17 of 23
Guided Reading Strategies
Day 12
Geography Unit 1
Name
CHAPTER
Class
3
Student Guide
Date
Guided Reading Strategies 3.2
Weather and Climate
READING THE SECTION As you read the section, answer each of the following questions in the space provided.
1. What do we call the process by which water changes from a liquid to a gas?
2. What is the term for the amount of water vapor in the air? _____________________
3. What is condensation? __________________________________________________
4. What are the four common forms of precipitation? ___________________________
5. What happens when moist air pushes against a mountain? _____________________
6. What do we call the side of the mountain facing away from the wind?
7. What two terms are used to describe storms that move from west to east in the
middle latitudes, pushed by the jet stream flow? ______________________________
8. What twisting spirals of air destroy almost anything in their path?
9. What country experiences more tornadoes than any other country?
10. What is the most powerful and destructive tropical cyclone? ____________________
POST-READING QUICK CHECK After you have finished reading the section, in the
space provided, explain how weather satellites help people live safely in areas hit by
hurricanes.
Copyright В© by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved.
Holt World Geography Today
Page 18 of 23
Guided Reading Strategies
Day 13
Geography Unit 1
Name
CHAPTER
Class
3
Student Guide
Date
Guided Reading Strategies 3.3
Weather and Climate
READING THE SECTION As you read the section, match each description in the left
column with the correct climate in the right column. Write the letter of the climate in the
space provided.
______ 1. Found in areas close to the equator
a. arid
______ 2. Sometimes called the tropical savanna climate
b. marine west coast
______ 3. Centered about 30 degrees north and south of
the equator
c. highland
______ 4. Transition zone between arid climate and more
humid climates
______ 5. Found along coastal areas of southern Europe
and along west coasts of continents with cool
ocean currents
______ 6. Found on the eastern side of continents where
there are warm ocean currents
______ 7. Found on the west coasts of continents in the
upper middle latitudes
d. semiarid
e. subarctic
f. tropical humid
g. humid subtropical
h. ice cap
i. humid continental
j. Mediterranean
k. tundra
______ 8. Has the most changeable weather conditions
l. tropical wet and dry
______ 9. Located generally above 50В° north latitude
______10. Produces permafrost
______11. Found in Earth’s polar regions
______12. Can have varying climates because of changes
in elevation
POST-READING QUICK CHECK After you have finished reading the section, in the
space provided, explain what an ecosystem is.
Copyright В© by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved.
Holt World Geography Today
Page 19 of 23
Guided Reading Strategies
Day 14
Geography Unit 1
Name
CHAPTER
Student Guide
Class
3
Date
Main Idea Activities 3.3
Weather and Climate
VOCABULARY Some terms to understand:
• ideal (51): perfect
• thrive (51): prosper; flourish; succeed
• interior (54): inside; inner part
• hardy (54): strong; rugged; tough; able to survive under harsh conditions
• annual (56): yearly
• seep (56): ooze; leak; trickle; drain
CLASSIFYING INFORMATION For each of the following, write the letter of the correct
climate type in the space provided.
_____ 1. Found in areas close to the equator
a. ice cap
_____ 2. Sometimes called the tropical savanna climate
b. highland
_____ 3. Centered about 30 degrees north and south of the
equator
c. marine west coast
_____ 4. Transition zone between arid climate and more
humid climates
_____ 5. Found along coastal areas of southern Europe and
along west coasts of continents with cool ocean
currents
_____ 6. Found on the eastern side of continents where there
are warm ocean currents
_____ 7. Found on the west coasts of continents in upper
middle latitudes
d. arid
e. humid subtropical
f. tropical wet and dry
g. tundra
h. semiarid
i. humid continental
j. Mediterranean
k. subarctic
_____ 8. Has the most changeable weather conditions
l. tropical humid
_____ 9. Located generally above 50В° north latitude
_____10. Produces permafrost
_____11. Found in Earth’s polar regions
_____12. Can have varying climates because of changes in
elevation
Copyright В© by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved.
Holt World Geography Today
Page 20 of 23
Main Idea Activities
Day 14
Geography Unit 1
Name
Student Guide
Class
Date
Chapter 3 Main Idea Activities 3.3, continued
REVIEWING FACTS Choose the correct items from the following list to complete the
statements below.
arid
monsoon
savanna
coniferous
ecosystem
deciduous
1. A(n)
an area.
is the community of plants and animals living in
2. The wind system in which winds completely reverse direction and cause seasons of
wet and dry weather is called the
3. A(n)
and shrubs.
4. The term
.
is an area of tropical grasslands, scattered trees,
mean “dry.”
5. The trees in a(n)
the year.
6. In a(n)
forest lose their leaves during part of
forest, the trees remain green all year.
EVALUATING INFORMATION Mark each statement T if it is true or F if it is false.
_____ 1. An ecosystem includes nonliving parts of the environment, such as soil.
_____ 2. Tropical humid regions always have very cold weather.
_____ 3. The tropical wet and dry climate supports savannas.
_____ 4. Plants and animals in arid climate regions must be hardy.
_____ 5. The Mediterranean climate is much more widespread than the humid subtropical climate.
_____ 6. Temperatures in marine west coast climate areas are hot all year.
_____ 7. The humid continental climate has four distinct seasons.
_____ 8. The subarctic climate is found only around the North and South Poles.
_____ 9. Tundra vegetation is made up of lichens, mosses, herbs, and low shrubs.
_____10. Most of Greenland is covered by green grass and tall trees.
Copyright В© by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved.
Holt World Geography Today
Page 21 of 23
Main Idea Activities
Day 15
Geography Unit 1
Name: ________________________ Class: ___________________ Date: __________
Geography Unit 1 Quiz 3
Matching
Match each item with the correct statement below.
a. cyclone
g.
b. front
h.
c. global warming
i.
j.
d. permafrost
e. orographic effect
k.
f. rain shadow
l.
typhoons
humidity
arid
ecosystems
condensation
climate
____
1. powerful rotating storms in the western Pacific Ocean
____
2. dry
____
3. the amount of water vapor in the air
____
4. the leeward side of a mountain
____
5. the meeting of two air masses of widely different temperatures or moisture levels
____
6. the increasing temperature of Earth over the last few decades
____
7. the weather conditions in a geographic area over a long period of time
____
8. any center of low pressure
____
9. soil that remains frozen year round
____ 10. a community of living and nonliving organisms
Short Answer
11. Where are the most diverse ecosystems found?
12. Most temperate climates are located _____.
13. Areas of tropical grasslands, scattered trees, and shrubs are called _____.
14. Which of the following can cause air pressure to decrease?
15. Where are the doldrums located?
Page 22 of 23
Student Guide
Day 15
Geography Unit 1
Name: ________________________
16. The Mediterranean climate receives the most rainfall in which season?
17. List four forms of condensation.
18. List four forms of precipitation.
19. What factors create storms?
20. Why are climates grouped by latitude?
21. How is the greenhouse effect affected by temperature?
22. How do oceans affect weather and climate?
23. Where are most tropical climates located?
24. How do mountain ranges affect climate?
25. How does Earth's atmosphere keep it warm?
26. What factors create dry weather conditions in arid regions?
27. How do the two tropical climates differ?
28. Why do no trees grow in tundra climate areas?
29. How is wind direction related to variations in air pressure?
30. Describe the characteristics of high-latitude climates.
Page 23 of 23
Student Guide
Document
Category
Education
Views
201
File Size
1 419 KB
Tags
1/--pages
Report inappropriate content