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countable nouns

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COUNTABLE AND
UNCOUNTABLE
NOUNS
•WHAT DOES “COUNT”
MEAN?
SINGULAR
COUNTABLE
COUNT
UNCOUNTABLE
PLURAL
COUNTABLE NOUNS
A FORK
TWO FORKS
AN EGG
FOUR EGGS
A GLASS
EIGHT GLASSES
SINGULAR
PLURAL
We can count countable nouns.
They have singular and plural
forms.
COUNTABLE
REGULAR
COUNTABLE
NOUNS
“add an “s” or “es” to
the end of the word”
•Dog
•Apple
•Bus
•City
dogs
apples
buses
cities
IRREGULAR
COUNTABLE
NOUNS
knife
man
mouse
child
foot
 tooth
person
knives
men
mice
children
feet
teeth
people
UNCOUNTABLE NOUNS
BREAD
MILK
CAKE
MEAT
CHOCOLATE
CHEESE
a carton of milk
a piece of cake
a slice of bread
a litre of juice
A bar of chocolate
a kilo of meat
a packet of sugar
a can of coke
A cup of coffee
a bowl of cereal
a loaf of bread
a glass of tea
• We can NOT count uncountable nouns.
• We can not use a,an,or numbers before
uncountable nouns.
• They have only singular forms so they always
take singular verbs. (is,has etc.)
•MUCH
•MANY
•A LOT OF
• A FEW
• A LITTLE
• SOME
• ANY
*MUCH *
There isn't much sugar in my tea.
Is there much sugar in your tea?
 We use "much" with uncountable nouns in negative sentences and
questions.
*MANY *
There aren't many cinemas in our city.
Are there many cinemas ?
 We use "many" with plural countable nouns in negative sentences
and questions.
*A LOT OF*
There are a lot of apples
There is a lot of snow outside.
 We use "a lot of" with uncountable and plural countable nouns in
affirmatives.
*A FEW*
There are a few cinemas in this city.
We use "a few" with plural countable nouns.
A few means not many but enough.
*A LITTLE*
There is a little butter on my bread.
We use a little with uncountable nouns. A
little means not many but enough.
*SOME*
• We can use some with both countable and uncountable nouns.
• Sayılabilen isimlerle birlikte kullanıldığında birkaç, sayılamayan
isimlerle kullanıldığında ise biraz anlamlarına gelir.
There are some children in front of your house.
There is some water in the bottle.
Would you like some more orange juice?
May I have some of your pens?
*ANY*
We can use “ANY” with both countable and uncountable nouns.
Sayılabilen isimlerle kullanıldığında her zaman çoğul, sayılamayan isimlerle
kullanıldığında ise hep tekil olur.
Any kelimesi yalnızca olumsuz ve soru cümlelerinde kullanılır.
 There aren't any students in the classroom. (Sınıfta hiç öğrenci yok.)
 Are there any cars in the garage? (Garajda hiç araba var mı?)
 Have you got any money in your purse? (Cüztdanında hiç para var mı?
 Don't you eat any butter for breakfast? (Kahvaltıda hiç tereyağı yemez misin?)
HOW MUCH?
HOW MANY?
• We use How much ……? in questions to ask about the amount.
• "How much money have you got?"
• We need some tea. How much do we need?
• We use How many ……? in questions to ask about the number.
• "How many cigarettes do you smoke a day?
• "How many newspapers do you read every day?"
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