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Dal SET plan a Horizon 2020: opportunità e

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Dal SET Plan a Horizon 2020:
opportunità e sfide per l’Italia
Marcello Capra
Ministero dello Sviluppo Economico
ENERGIAMEDIA – Modena, 29 aprile 2014
SET Plan europeo
 Il SET (Strategic Energy Technology) Plan ha riportato
l’innovazione tecnologica al centro delle strategie per ridurre
le emissioni e accelerare lo sviluppo delle low-carbon
technologies. Tre strumenti di gestione:
Steering Group per l’allineamento con le politiche nazionali
European Industrial Initiatives (EII) : Solare, Eolico,
Bioenergia, CCS, Smart grids, Fissione nucleare, FCH,
Smart cities (efficienza)
European Energy Research Alliance (EERA) per coordinare
l’azione delle principali strutture di R&S nazionali
Supporto del SETIS (Startegic Energy Technologies
Information System) in capo al JRC
| 1
Strumenti attuativi del SET Plan
 7° Programma Quadro della Ricerca (ora Horizon 2020)
 European Energy Programme for Recovery (EEPR)
 New Entrance Reserve (NER) 300
 Programma Intelligent Energy Europe (IEE)
 Fondi di Coesione 2007-2013
 Gli investimenti pubblici e privati nello sviluppo delle
tecnologie del SET Plan sono cresciuti nella UE da 3,2
miliardi € nel 2007 a 5,4 miliardi € nel 2010, di cui:
 70% a carico delle industrie
 20% a carico degli SM
 10 a carico della Commissione UE
| 2
Il quadro di riferimento per le EII
Common Roadmap (10y) and Implementation Plan (3y)
Public funding
partners
Project typology
Instruments
EC
High EU added value
FP/Horizon
EC, MS, EIB
Large projects, EU
added value, shared
interests
FP/Horizon (ERANET), NER300, EEPR,
ESI Funds
EC, MS
Localised shared
interests
EERA, ad-hoc
arrangements
MS
Supporting domestic
industry
national programmes
EIB
Industrial scale
projects
EIB loans, RSFF,
guarantees, equity
Common assessment, monitoring and
reporting standards - KPIc
| 3
Criticità nell’accesso al credito per i progetti demo
| 4
Le prospettive del SET Plan
 La recente Comunicazione COM (2013) 253
sull’innovazione e le tecnologie energetiche rilancia il ruolo
del SET Plan ma chiede un consolidamento e una
maggiore integrazione tra le EII, allo scopo di:
concentrarsi nei settori ad elevato valore aggiunto
stabilire le priorità tenendo conto anche dell’offerta di
servizi energetici efficaci rispetto ai costi per i clienti finali
azioni di integrazione lungo tutta la catena di innovazione
energetica, dalla ricerca di base alla commercializzazione
utilizzo di un portafoglio di strumenti finanziari, valorizzando
maggiormente le sinergie con i fondi strutturali
| 5
Una Roadmap integrata
La Comunicazione richiede la predisposizione di una
roadmap integrata che riguardi l’intera catena di ricerca e
innovazione, dalla ricerca di base alla dimostrazione e al
sostegno per l’immissione sul mercato
Deve indicare chiaramente i ruoli e i compiti che spettano
all’EERA, alle EII, nonché alle università e agli investitori,
promuovendo sinergie e interazioni
Sulla base della roadmap, gli SM e la Commissione
dovranno elaborare un piano d’azione che stabilisca gli
investimenti in R&S degli SM e della UE sulla base di un
principio di “joint co-operation”
| 6
Governance – Horizon 2020
14 PROGRAMME COMMITTEE CONFIGURATIONS
(provide Member States oversight and input into work programmes)
1. HORIZONTAL CONFIGURATION
Excellent Science
2. ERC
Marie Curie,
FET
Industrial Technologies
4 . ICT
Societal Challenges
8. Health
9. Bio-economy
5. Nanotech,Materials,
Biotech, Manufacturing
10. Energy
11. Transport
3. Research
infrastructures
6. Space
7. SMEs,
Risk Finance
12. Climate
13. Inclusive
societies
14. Security
SC3 in Horizon 2020
Excellent Science
 European Research Council
 Frontier research by the best
individual teams
 Future and Emerging
Technologies
 Collaborative research to open
new fields of innovation
 Marie Skłodowska Curie
actions
 Opportunities for training and
career development
Industrial Technologies
Societal Challenges
 Leadership in enabling and
industrial technologies
 ICT, nanotechnologies,
materials, biotechnology,
manufacturing, space
 Health, demographic change
and wellbeing
 Access to risk finance
 Leveraging private finance and
venture capital for research
and innovation
 Secure, clean and efficient
energy
 Innovation in SMEs
 Fostering all forms of
innovation in all types of SMEs
 Food security, sustainable
agriculture, marine and
maritime research & the
bioeconomy
 Smart, green and integrated
transport
 Climate action, environment,
resource efficiency and raw
materials
 Inclusive, innovative and
 Research infrastructures
reflective societies
(including e-infrastructure)
 Security society
 Ensuring access to world-class
facilities
European Institute of Innovation and Technology (EIT)
Spreading Excellence and Widening Participation
Science with and for society
Joint Research Center (JRC)
Euratom
8
MS participation on Energy in FP7 vs FP6
(courtesy of G. Zollino)
La partecipazione italiana al tema
Energia del FP7 (courtesy of G.Zollino)
10
Success of stakeholders in Energy
Projects in the frame of FP7 (courtesy of G.Zollino)
Regional
Policy
11
Horizon 2020 is different.....
 Integration of Research and Innovation Instruments
 Emphasis on the impact on Society, Industry and Jobs
 A strong challenge-based approach, allowing
applicants to have considerable freedom to come up
with innovative solutions
 Simplified list of possible types of action (e.g. research
and innovation -100%; innovation actions - 70%,…)
 Less prescription, strong emphasis on expected impact
 Broader topics. Cross-cutting issues mainstreamed
(e.g. social sciences, gender, international…)
12
Regional
Policy
Horizon 2020
SME instrument
?
Procurement
Concept &
Feasibility
Assessment
IDEA
Demonstration
Market Replication
Research
Development
Commercialisation
business coaching throughout the project
SME window EU
financial facilities
MARKET
13
Regional
Policy
Losses/Profit
Overcoming the valley of death
Technology
Transfer
Success as
a New product
Product
Launch
Commercialization
Research Development
Success as
a business
Time
Valley of Death
FP7
H2020
14
Regional
Policy
HORIZON
2020
Technology Readiness Levels (TRLs)
– a useful tool in development and
deployment of KETs
 in FP7: TRLs 1 – 4;
up to 5-6 in 2012-13 (pilots and demonstrators)
 KETs: TRLs 3/4 – 8; centre at TRLs 5-7
15
Regional
Policy
Technology Readiness Level
.....
TRL 4: Small Scale Prototype Development Unit (PDU)
The components of the technology have been identified. A PDU has been built a laboratory and controlled
environment. Operations have provided data to identify potential up scaling and operational issues. Measurements
validate analytical predictions of the separate elements of the technology. Simulation of the processes has been
validated. Preliminary LCA and economy assessment models have been developed.
TRL 5: Large Scale Prototype Development Unit
The technology has been qualified through testing in intended environment, simulated or actual. The new hardware is
ready for first use. Process modelling (technical and economic) is refined. LCA and economy assessment models have
been validated. Where it is relevant for further up scaling the following issues have been identified: Health & safety,
environmental constraints, regulation, and resources availability.
TRL 6: Prototype System
The components and the process have been up scaled to prove the industrial potential and its integration within the
energy system. Hardware has been modified and up scaled. Most of the issues identified earlier have been resolved.
Full commercial scale system has been identified and modelled. LCA and economic assessments have been refined.
TRL 7: Demonstration System
The technology has been proven to work and operate a pre-commercial scale. Final operational and manufacturing
issues have been identified. Minor technology issues have been solved. LCA and economic assessments have been
refined.
16
……
Regional
Policy
BASIC GENERAL PRINCIPLES OF H 2020
• 2-year work programme to allow for better
preparation of applicants
 One call BUT several deadlines and different evaluation
processes
 Topics can be repeated BUT challenges could change
• Challenge-based approach (not prescribing
technology options)
• Focus areas
• Use of TRLs to specify scope of activities
• Indicative project size range
• Grant signature within 8 months from the deadlines
• Cross-cutting actions
17
Regional
Policy
Time to grant
Deadline
Informing
Applicants
5
0
Grant
signature
8
Month
18
Regional
Policy
Secure, clean and efficient Energy
Four Calls
1. Energy efficiency
2. Smart cities & communities
3. Competitive low-carbon energy
4. SME's and Fast Track to
Innovation for Energy
19
Regional
Policy
Indicative Call budgets
Calls
2014 (M€)
2015 (M€)
Energy Efficiency
97,5
98,15
Smart Cities and Communities
92,32
108,18
Competitive Low-Carbon Energy
359,1
372,33
SMEs and Fast Track to Innovation
33,95
37,26
75
61
657,87
676,92
Part B – other actions
TOT
20
Regional
Policy
Energy WP 2014-2015
21
Regional
Policy
Energy WP 2014-2015
22
Regional
Policy
Call Energy Efficiency: Deadlines
Topics*
2014
EE1, EE3, EE18
20/03/2014
EE4, EE5, EE7, EE8, EE9, EE10, EE11, EE12, EE13, EE14, EE15,
EE16, EE19, EE20, EE21
05/06/2014
EE2, EE18
09/12/2014
EE5, EE6, EE7, EE9, EE10, EE11, EE13, EE14, EE15, EE16, EE17,
EE19, EE20, EE21
2015
10/06/2015
* Corresponds to the topic code in the work-programme
23
Regional
Policy
Call Energy Efficiency: Budget
Topics*
Short-hand Description
2014
(M€)
2015
(M€)
EE1, EE2
EeB PPP: Pre-fabricated modules and New
Energy Efficient Buildings
8
9
EE3
EeB PPP: Historic Buildings
5
EE18
SPIRE Topic PPP: Heat recovery
8
8
EE6, EE12, EE13
Demand response in building blocks, socioeconomic research and technology for DHC
8,5
13,35
EE11
ICT for energy efficiency
8,5
8,5
34,5
32,8
25
26,5
EE4, EE5, EE7, EE8,
EE9, EE10, EE14,
EE15, EE16, EE17
EE19, EE20, EE21
Market uptake in Buildings, Consumers,
Industry and Products
Empowering public authorities and its
stakeholders
Finance for sustainable energy including
project development assistance
Regional
Policy
* Corresponds to the topic code in the work-programme
24
Energy WP 2014-2015
25
Regional
Policy
Energy WP 2014-2015
• Energy efficiency call
• Buildings and consumers
• Heating and cooling
• Industry and products
• Finance for sustainable energy
• Smart Cities and Communities
• 'Light-house projects'
• Support measures for
enhancing the roll-out of Smart
Cities and Communities solutions by
stimulating the market demand
26
Regional
Policy
Energy WP 2014-2015
Competitive low-carbon energy
• Renewable electricity and heating/cooling
• Modernising the single European electricity grid
• Providing the energy system with flexibility through enhanced
energy
storage technologies
• Sustainable biofuels and alternative fuels for the European transport
fuel mix
• Enabling the sustainable use of fossil fuels in the transition to a lowcarbon economy
• Supporting the development of a European research area in the field
of energy
• Social, environmental and economic aspects of the energy system
• Cross-cutting issues
27
Regional
Policy
SMEs AND FAST TRACK TO INNOVATION for
ENERGY
 SIE1 – 2014/2015: Stimulating the innovation potential of SMEs for a low carbon and efficient
energy system
SMEs play a crucial role in developing resource-efficient, cost-effective
and affordable technology solutions to decarbonise and make more
efficient the energy system in a sustainable way. They are expected to
strongly contribute to one or a combination of more than one of the
challenges outlined in the legal base of the Horizon 2020 Societal
Challenge ‘Secure, Clean and Efficient Energy’
 SIE2 – 2015: Fast track to Innovation Topic - Pilot
Under this Fast Track to Innovation (FTI) pilot, proposals for innovation
actions linked to any technology field will be invited, on the basis of a
continuously open call (with its first cut-off date in 2015) and a bottomup-driven logic.
28
Regional
Policy
Italy towards Horizon2020:
SC3 Consultation Board
National Technology Platforms, NTPs (related to ETPs/SET PLAN)
• Biofuels / Biofuels Italia TP
• EU PV TP
• TP Wind
• RHC
• Smart Grids
• ZEP
National Research Platforms: EERA/AIREn
SET-PLAN
Public-Private Partnerships, PPPs
• EERA
• 15 Integrated Research
programmes in the energy field
• EIIs
• Wind, Solar, Electricity Grids, CCS,
Bioenergy,SmartCities,FuelCellsH2
• Energy efficiency in buildings
• SPIRE
• JTI FCH
• BRIDGE
Joint Programming Initiatives, JPIs
• Urban Europe
• CliK'EU
European Innovation Partnerships,
EIPs
• EIP Smart Cities and Communities
(SCC)
Delegate
Experts
ERA-NETs
Knowledge Innovation
Communities, KICs
• KIC InnoEnergy
But also: EIT ICT Labs and
CLIMATE-KIC
BESTF1 & 2, Geothermal ERA-NET,
NEWA,PV-ERANET2, SOLAR.ERA.NET,
SmartGrids ERA-Net, FENCO-NET
Others
• EMIRI
• Smart Cities Stakeholder Platform
• NER300
29
• EUROGIA2020
Overall context: EU Funding for Sustainable Energy
2014-2020
• Cohesion Policy to allocate some 23 billion € (estimate!) to
investments in energy efficiency, renewable energy, smart
distribution grids and urban mobility, including research and
innovation in those areas in complementarity with Horizon 2020
• Horizon 2020: Some 5.9 billion € to be allocated to research
and innovation in "Secure, clean and efficient energy"
• Connecting Europe Facility: Some 5.9 billion € to be
allocated to investments in TEN-E infrastructure of highest
European added value
• Other European Structural and Investment (ESI) Funds:
European Agricultural Fund for Rural Development and European
Maritime and Fisheries Fund
Regional
Policy
30
Smart Specialisation in the field of
Sustainable Energy (I)
• Research and innovation (R&I) in sustainable energy
is key to achieving the EU climate and energy
targets for 2020 and also the target for 2050 of a
85-90% reduction in CO2 emissions.
• R&I in these areas also entails important
opportunities for regional development. The
objective of Cohesion Policy is to improve the regional
economy in terms of competitiveness, growth and
jobs. Therefore, it can only support research projects
contributing to this objective. It cannot support projects
for "purely" scientific purposes.
31
Regional
Policy
Smart Specialisation in the field of
Sustainable Energy (II)
• In assessing their position and assets in the context of the
development and implementation of their smart
specialisation strategies ("RIS3"), MS and regions are
invited to make full use of the knowledge developed in
the framework of the SET Plan
• In concrete terms, include SET Plan and Horizon 2020
actors in the strategy development:
• SET Plan Steering Group members, members of Horizon 2020
programme committee, researchers, EII, European Energy
Research Alliance, PPP on Energy-efficient Buildings, SPIRE PPP,
Marie Curie centres, research institutions with success in FP7
32
Regional
Policy
Smart Specialisation in the field of
Sustainable Energy (III)
• Significant number of regions – possibly around 70! –
expected to decide that they will focus Cohesion Policy
resources for R&I in areas linked to renewable energy
or energy efficiency.
• However, all regions will invest significant Cohesion Policy
resources in renewable energy and energy efficiency over
2014-2020. Even if not themselves active in R&I in these
areas, they are encouraged to follow the outcome of R&I
efforts in other MS and regions (co-financed by Cohesion
Policy, Horizon 2020, national public or private resources…)
to make sure that their investments benefit from the
latest state-of-the art knowledge.
33
Regional
Policy
| 34
Sostegno del MiSE all’innovazione energetica e allineamento
progressivo alle priorità del SET Plan
Fondo Ricerca di Sistema Elettrico:
 Piano Triennale 2012-2014 (risorse per circa 220 M€)
 Strumenti: Accordi di Programma con ENEA, CNR e RSE, Bandi di cofinanziamento per le imprese e per gli organismi pubblici di ricerca
Programma Operativo Interregionale (POI) Energia:
 Aumentare la quota di energia proveniente da fonti rinnovabili e
migliorare l’efficienza energetica, promuovendo le opportunità di
sviluppo locale e valorizzando i collegamenti con il tessuto sociale ed
economico dei territori in cui esse si realizzano
New Entrants Reserve - NER 300:
 Progetto di biocarburanti M&G in Piemonte finanziato sul 1° bando
 Progetto di smart grids in Puglia in fase di istruttoria BEI sul 2° bando
Fondo per la crescita sostenibile (DM 8/3/2013)
| 35
Un caso esemplare di filiera “made in Italy”:
lo sviluppo delle Smart Grids
Renewable
Scenario
integration
analysis
Planning
Operation
System
management
Component
technologies
innovation
ICT
Power
electronics
Storage
Electric
vehicles
PQ
Environment
| 36
Lo sviluppo delle tecnologie per l’efficienza:
una opportunità in più per l’Italia
 La ricerca e l’innovazione delle tecnologie per l’efficienza
sono tornate ad essere centrali nel SET Plan europeo
 La Commissione ha avviato la definizione di un piano di
sviluppo e innovazione delle tecnologie EE nell’ambito della
direttiva 2012/27
 Il lavoro confluirà nella roadmap integrata e avrà impatto
sull’uso razionale delle possibili risorse di incentivo:




Horizon 2020
Structural and Investment Funds of regional policy
Connecting Europe Facility
ETS financing mechanisms
37
La necessità di un approccio integrato:
il caso delle Smart Cities
 Dal SET Plan emerge la necessità di adottare un approccio
integrato, una visione unitaria e sinergica, proprio come avviene
nello sviluppo delle Smart cities, dove ciascun sottosistema –
infrastrutture, mobilità, edilizia, ambiente, governance, inclusione
sociale – è trattato, in ottica sinergica, all’interno di un sistema integrato
 Il recente Rapporto di Confindustria “Smart Energy Project” sul
posizionamento strategico del comparto manifatturiero dell’efficienza
energetica conferma come questo approccio integrato (a “cluster”)
possa costituire un elemento di forza per le tecnologie italiane
 Lo sviluppo delle Smart cities, unitamente alle tecnologie abilitanti
quali smart grids e infrastrutture digitali, può quindi diventare una
priorità importante per il Paese, con progetti che rispondano alle
diverse esigenze del territorio e al tempo siano competitivi e bancabili
| 38
Spunti di riflessione...
Esigenza di focalizzazione per superare la frammentazione tipica del
sistema degli incentivi: il SET Plan e Horizon sono una opportunità per
razionalizzare gli interventi e creare partenariati trasversali
Necessità di convergenza delle attività di innovazione tecnologica
nazionali e regionali sulle priorità del SET Plan, rafforzando le
condizioni di sistema e di organizzazione per migliorare la
partecipazione italiana ai programmi di ricerca comunitari
Ricostituire un collegamento organico tra la produzione di conoscenze e
il potenziale utilizzo industriale, identificando gli ambiti di applicazione
della ricerca; necessità di una “mappatura” delle risorse disponibili sul
territorio per calibrare gli incentivi in modo mirato
| 39
Criticità nel finanziamento dei progetti demo: la stagione dei contributi
a fondo perduto volge al termine e occorre sviluppare partenariati di
tipo PPP che garantiscano economie di scala e flussi finanziari
adeguati, oltre che rafforzare il coordinamento tra il SET PLAN e la
nuova programmazione dei Fondi Strutturali per il 2014-2020
Rafforzare la cooperazione intersettoriale, in particolare con il settore
ICT, determinante per abilitare l’integrazione tra i vari sistemi che
compongono il binomio del futuro Smart Grid-Smart City
Contributo al made in Italy: rafforzare le filiere industriali di primo livello
passando in molti ambiti tecnologici dalla fase pilota a quella
dimostrativa molto più “capital-intensive” (es. smart grids in cui il
consolidamento di una “supply-chain” diventa determinante per
mantenere la leadership internazionale)
| 40
ing. Marcello Capra
Ministero dello Sviluppo economico
[email protected]
www.sviluppoeconomico.gov.it
41
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