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2014 IACSIT LONDON - 2014 6th International Conference on

November 7-9, 2014
пЂє ICCTD 2014
2014 6th International Conference on Computer Technology and Development
пЂє ICMDM 2014
2014 International Conference on Mechanical Design and Manufacturing
пЂє ICRET 2014
2014 International Conference on Renewable Energy Technologies
Metropark Hotel Mongkok
Add: 22 Lai Chi Kok Road, Mongkok, Kowloon, Hong Kong
(Exit C2 at the Prince Edward MTR Station)
General Enquiries: (852) 2397 6683, Reservation: (852) 2397 9622, Fax:(852) 2381 3768
Email: [email protected]; [email protected]
Welcome Letter
Simple Version of Program
Introduction of keynote speakers
Detailed Schedule
SESSION 1: Materials Science and Mechanical Design
SESSION 2: Solar Energy and Chemical Resources
SESSION 3: Communication Engineering
SESSION 4: Applied Mechanics and Renewable Energy
SESSION 5: Electrical and Electronic Engineering
SESSION 6: E-Learning and Data Mining
One day tour
Call for Papers
Dear Participants,
Welcome to 2014 Hong Kong Conferences! We are confident that over the three days you will get the
theoretical grounding, practical knowledge, and personal contacts that will help you build a long-term,
profitable and sustainable communication among researchers and practitioners in a wide variety of scientific
areas with a common interest.
For the conferences, we had received more than 160 submissions, and around 70 excellent papers were
accepted for presentation. Congratulations for these papers.
We wish to thank our outstanding keynote speakers Prof. David Zhang, Prof. Wei-Hsin Liao, Prof. Abdoullah
Namdar and Prof. Siva Kumar for sharing their deep insights on Computer Technology and Development, .
Mechanical Design and Manufacturing, Renewable Energy Technologies.
Special thanks also go to all the researchers and students who participate in the conference with their work.
Hope you enjoy the conference, the food, the hospitality, and the beautiful and charming environment of the
city of Hong Kong!
IACSIT Conference Organizing Committee
Conference Agenda Overview
Friday, Nov. 7, 2014
10 :00 am to 5:00 pm
Arrival and Registration
Saturday, Nov. 8, 2014
Opening Ceremonies
8:30am to 8:45am
Prof. David Zhang
Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hong Kong
Keynote Address-1:
8:45am to 9:30am
Prof. David Zhang
Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hong Kong
Lychee Garden on 1
Keynote Address-2:
9:30am to 10:15am
Prof. Wei-Hsin Liao
The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong
10:15am to 10:35am
Group Photo & Coffee Break
Keynote Address-3:
10:35am to 11:20am
Prof. Abdoullah Namdar
Sichuan University, China
Keynote Address-4:
11:20am to 12:05pm
12:05pm to 1:30pm
Prof. Siva Kumar
Head of Department of Electronics and Communication
Engineering at RMK Engineering College, Tamilnadu, India
CafГ© Concourse on C
Session 1: Materials Science and Mechanical Design——13 Lychee Garden on 1 floor
1:30pm to 3:50pm
Session 2: Solar Energy and Chemical Resources——13 Forum Room on C floor
Session 3: Communication Engineering——12 presentations
3:50pm to 4:10pm
Forum Room I
Coffee Break
Session 4: Applied Mechanics and Renewable Energy——13 Lychee Garden on 1 floor
4:10pm to 6:30pm
Session 5: Electrical and Electronic Engineering ——11 Forum Room on C floor
Session 6: E-Learning and Data Mining ——13 presentations
6: 30pm to 8:30pm
Forum Room I
CafГ© Concourse on C
Sunday, Nov. 9, 2014
8:00 am to 5:00 pm
One Day Tour
Instructions for Oral Presentations
Devices Provided by the Conference Organizer:
пѓ� Laptops (with MS-Office & Adobe Reader)
пѓ� Projectors & Screen
пѓ� Laser Sticks
Materials Provided by the Presenters:
пѓ� PowerPoint or PDF files
пѓ� Duration of each Presentation (Tentatively):
пѓ� Regular Oral Session: about 15 Minutes of Presentation, including 2-3
Minutes of Q&A
Plenary Speech: 45 Minutes of Presentation, including 5 Minutes of Q&A
пѓ� *Certificate of Participation can be collected in front of the registration counter.
пѓ� *Certificate of Presentation will be issued at the end of each session by the session chair
пѓ� *The organizer will not provide accommodation, so we suggest you make an early reservation.
пѓ� *One best presentation will be selected from each session. The best one will be announced when each
session ends, and the certificate will be awarded by the session chair after each session in the meeting
� *The attendee should provide the author’s authorization or attendee’s passport ID when the attendee is
none of the authors.
All accepted papers of ICCTD 2014 will be recommended to be published into one of the journals below:
Journal of Software (JSW, ISSN: 1796-217X, 30 Papers)
Journal of Communications (JCM, ISSN: ISSN: 1796-2021, 20 papers)
EI Compendex; SCOPUS;
International Journal of Computer Theory and Engineering (IJCTE, ISSN: 1793-8201, 30 Papers)
International Journal of Computer and Electrical Engineering (IJCEE, ISSN: 1793-8163, 30 Papers)
International Journal of Information and Electronics Engineering (IJIEE, ISSN: 2010-3719, 20 Papers)
International Journal of Information and Education Technology (IJIET, ISSN: 2010-3689, 20 Papers)
Journal of Advances in Computer Networks (JACN, ISSN: 1793-8244, 20 Papers)
Lecture Notes on Software Engineering (LNSE, ISSN: 2301-3559, Papers)
All accepted papers of ICMDM 2014 will be published in the Applied Mechanics and Materials Journal (ISSN:
Applied Mechanics and Materials (ISSN: 1660-9336) is Indexed by Elsevier: and Ei
Compendex (CPX) Cambridge Scientific Abstracts (CSA), Chemical Abstracts
(CA), Google and Google Scholar, ISI (ISTP, CPCI, Web of Science), Institution
of Electrical Engineers (IEE), etc.
All accepted papers of ICRET 2014 will be published in the Applied Mechanics and Materials Journal (ISSN:
Applied Mechanics and Materials (ISSN: 1660-9336) is Indexed by Elsevier: and Ei
Compendex (CPX) Cambridge Scientific Abstracts (CSA), Chemical Abstracts
(CA), Google and Google Scholar, ISI (ISTP, CPCI, Web of Science), Institution
of Electrical Engineers (IEE), etc.
Cover Art:
Sponsored by:
Biometrics Computing
Prof. David Zhang
Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hong Kong
In recent times, an increasing, worldwide effort has been devoted to the development of automatic
personal identification systems that can be effective in a wide variety of security contexts. As one of the
most powerful and reliable means of personal authentication, biometrics has been an area of particular
interest. It has led to the extensive study of biometric technologies and the development of numerous
algorithms, applications, and systems, which could be defined as Biometrics Computing. This
presentation will systematically explain this new research trend. As case studies, a new biometrics
technology (palmprint recognition) and two new biometrics applications (medical biometrics and
aesthetical biometrics) are introduced. Some useful achievements could be given to illustrate their
David Zhang graduated in Computer Science from Peking University. He received his MSc in Computer
Science in 1982 and his PhD in 1985 from the Harbin Institute of Technology (HIT). From 1986 to 1988 he
was a Postdoctoral Fellow at Tsinghua University and then an Associate Professor at the Academia Sinica,
Beijing. In 1994 he received his second PhD in Electrical and Computer Engineering from the University of
Waterloo, Ontario, Canada. Currently, he is a Chair Professor at the Hong Kong Polytechnic University
where he is the Founding Director of the Biometrics Technology Centre (UGC/CRC) supported by the Hong
Kong SAR Government in 1998. He also serves as Visiting Chair Professor in Tsinghua University, and
Adjunct Professor in Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Peking University, Harbin Institute of Technology, and
the University of Waterloo. He is the Founder and Editor-in-Chief, International Journal of Image and
Graphics (IJIG); Book Editor, Springer International Series on Biometrics (KISB); Organizer, the first
International Conference on Biometrics Authentication (ICBA); Associate Editor of more than ten
international journals including IEEE Transactions and Pattern Recognition; Technical Committee Chair of
IEEE CIS and the author of more than 10 books and 200 journal papers. Professor Zhang is a Croucher
Senior Research Fellow, Distinguished Speaker of the IEEE Computer Society, and a Fellow of both IEEE
and IAPR.
Design of Smart Actuators and Devices
Prof. Wei-Hsin Liao
The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong
Innovation and application are two key elements for significant research and product development. Using
smart materials, we have designed various actuators and devices. For hard disk drives, we designed a
dual-stage servo system using enhanced active–passive hybrid piezoelectric actuators, which improve the
existing dual-stage actuators for higher precision and shock resistance, due to the incorporation of passive
damping in the design. For optical pickup devices, we also developed active-passive hybrid piezoelectric
actuators to move a lever beam that bears an objective lens for tracking and focusing motions. With
control, nanometer resolution could be achieved. In some environments with very limited working space,
an integrated actuation device with multiple functions would be desirable. We designed novel
magnetorheological (MR) fluid based multifunctional actuators. To decrease the dimension of the actuation
device while enhancing the functionality, a motor part and MR fluid are integrated into one device. The
developed rotary MR actuator possesses multiple functions as motor/generator and clutch/brake. A
self-sensing MR damper with power generation was also designed to integrate energy harvesting, dynamic
sensing and MR damping technologies into one device. These MR actuators and devices are applicable to
various dynamic systems. The multifunctional integration would bring great benefits such as energy saving,
size and weight reduction, lower cost, and high reliability. In this talk, related designs and key results will
be presented.
Wei-Hsin Liao received his Ph.D. in Mechanical Engineering in 1997 from The Pennsylvania State University,
University Park, USA. Since August 1997, Dr. Liao has been with The Chinese University of Hong Kong,
where he is Director of Smart Materials and Structures Laboratory. His research has led to publications of
over 140 technical papers in international journals and conference proceedings, 12 patents in US, China,
Hong Kong, Taiwan, Japan, and Korea. He was the Conference Chair for the 20th International Conference
on Adaptive Structures and Technologies (ICAST 2009). He is the Conference Chair of Active and Passive
Smart Structures and Integrated Systems, 2014 SPIE Smart Structures/NDE. He received the T A
Stewart-Dyer/F H Trevithick Prize 2005, awarded by the Institution of Mechanical Engineers (IMechE). In
2008, he received the Best Paper Award in Structures from the American Society of Mechanical Engineers
(ASME). He also received the Best Paper Award in Automation in the 2009 IEEE International Conference
on Information and Automation, and the Best Conference Paper Award in the 2011 IEEE International
Conference on Mechatronics and Automation. Dr. Liao currently serves as an Associate Editor for Journal of
Intelligent Material Systems and Structures, as well as Smart Materials and Structures. Dr. Liao is a Fellow
of ASME, HKIE, and IOP.
The Fatigue of Structural Elements Subjected to Cyclic
Loading Ease
Prof. Abdoullah Namdar
Sichuan University, China
There are several infrastructures subjected to the cyclic loading in the urban area. The economic
development of structural elements subjected to the cyclic loading is required extensive investigation in
form of methodology, analysis, material and technology and comparative study in order to achieve
sustainable development. In this paper recent advance progress and research requirements for fatigue
failure and crack of several types of concrete structural elements have been analyzed. And also presents
theoretical, experimental and analytical studies on fatigue failure and crack propagation. The residual
strength of the fatigue relationship behavior approximately with respect to the percentage of the crack
area on structural stability has been interpreted. The mitigation technique fatigue failure and crack control
characteristics of structural elements have also been analyzed. Suggestions for improving the fatigue
strength of concrete structural elements subjected to the cyclic loading are proposed finally.
Dr. Abdoullah Namdar was born in Iran on 1973, and received PhD degree from University of Mysore on
2009. He has more than 4 years academic and 8 years industrial experience. He has published more than
50 reviewed international journal papers, 26 conference papers and 2 books. He has received best paper
award in GEOMAT 2013-Nagoya (Japan). He is editorial board member and panel of reviewers for several
international journals, and also scientific committee, session chair and panel of reviewers for several
international conferences.
Recent Trends in Low Power Vlsi Techniques
Prof. Siva Kumar
Head of Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering at
RMK Engineering College, Tamilnadu, India
The growing market of portable (e.g., cellular phones, gaming consoles, etc.) battery-powered electronic
systems demands microelectronic circuits design with ultra low power dissipation. As the integration, size,
and complexity of the chips continue to increase, the difficulty in providing adequate cooling might either
add significant cost or limit the functionality of the computing systems which make use of those integrated
circuits. Though Low Power is a well established domain, it has undergone lot of developments from
transistor sizing, process shrinkage, voltage scaling, clock gating, etc., to adiabatic logic. The Energy
Recovery logic paves way for reusing the power in high speed power hungry circuits. This logic can be used
in memories to save power to a greater extent.
Professor Sivakumar is a Professor and Head of Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering
at RMK Engineering College, Tamilnadu, India. He has been teaching in the Electronics and Communication
field since 1997. He obtained his Master’s degree and PhD from College of Engineering Guindy, Anna
University, Chennai. His research interests include Bio Signal Processing, Medical Image Processing,
wireless body sensor networks and VLSI. He has published over 22 journal and 35 conference papers over
the last several years. He has taught a wide variety of Electronics courses including Digital Image
Processing, Multimedia Compression Techniques, VLSI Design, Medical Electronics and Electronic Circuits.
Dr.Siva is a life member of the Indian Society of Technical Education, Senior Member of IACSIT and a
member of IEEE. Dr.Siva has been invited to Chair and speak at various conferences; more recently, he
was Conference Chair at the ICCTS 2012 in Delhi & ICIAE 2012 in Bangalore.
Detailed Schedule
Friday, Nov. 7
Arrival and Registration
10:00– 12:00
13:00 — 17:00
After sign, you will collect your conference package, including:
Original Receipt
Journal (Only for Author Attendee, some journals may be posted after the conference)
Representative / Pass Card with Tie
Printed Program
Lunch Coupon
Dinner Coupon
*Participation Certificate (Presentation Certificate will be collected from Session Chair after the
Conference Souvenir
Computer Bag
Please check on all these materials as soon as you get the package; if any of them is not included in the
package, please let us know at once; If any of them gets lost after the registration, no additional one
would be provided. Your understanding will be appreciated!
Each regular registration covers only one package. Additional package will be charged.
Some attendees may arrive on Nov. 8, kindly be noted that you can register at the registration desk from
9 am onwards.
Saturday Morning, Nov. 8
Opening Ceremony
Sapphire II (7th Flr)
Opening Ceremonies
8:30am to 8:45am
Prof. David Zhang
Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hong Kong
Plenary Speech 1:
Biometrics Computing
8:45am to 9:30am
Prof. David Zhang
Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hong Kong
Plenary Speech 2:
Design of Smart Actuators and Devices
9:30am to 10:15am
Prof. Wei-Hsin Liao
The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong
10:15am to 10:35am
10:35am to 11:20am
Group Photo & Coffee Break
Plenary Speech 3:
The Fatigue of Structural Elements Subjected to Cyclic Loading
Prof. Abdoullah Namdar
Sichuan University, China
Plenary Speech 4:
Recent Trends in Low Power Vlsi Techniques
11:20am to 12:05pm
Prof. Siva Kumar
Head of Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering at RMK
Engineering College, Tamilnadu, India
12:05pm to 1:30pm Lunch Time
CafГ© Concourse on C floor
пѓ� Please be noted that lunch coupon is necessary for entering the restaurant.
пѓ� Please arrive at the conference room by 1:20 pm. Thank you!
Saturday Afternoon, Nov. 8
-PAPER SESSIONSSession 1: Materials Science and Mechanical Design
Chair: Prof. Wenjun Zhang
13 presentations
Time: 1:30pm to 3:50pm
Venue: Lychee Garden on 1 floor
Natural Materials for Thermal Insulation: Mulch and Lava-Rock Characterizations
AurГ©lien P. Jean, Craig Adams, Mario A. Medina , FrГ©dГ©ric Miranville
Reunion Island University, France
Abstract—This paper reports on the thermal characterization, via the thermal conductivity, of natural materials, such as mulch and
lava rock and their usefulness as building insulation. Experiments were carried out using a scale one monitored wall (i.e. heat flux
and temperature sensors) exposed to a heating source on one side and to an air conditioned space on the other. The wall system was
composed of an 8.85 cm thick cavity, where the mulch and lava rock were placed. The cavity was enclosed between two layers of
pine wood (40 mm thick each). After the experiments and statistical data manipulation, the estimated thermal conductivity of the
materials were 0.48 В± 0.001 W.m-1.K-1 and 0.129 В± 0.003 W.m-1.K-1 for mulch and lava-rock, respectively. That is, mulch has a
thermal conductivity comparable to that of bulk hemp while lava rock has a thermal conductivity comparable to that of hemp brick.
These values indicate the usefulness of mulch, compared to the impracticality of using lava-rocks materials for building insulation.
Characteristics of nanostructured TiO2 prepared by one-step soaking method for photovoltaic application
Mi Sun Park, Shi-Joon Sung, and Dae-Hwan Kim
Daegu Gyeongbuk Institute of Science & Technology, Republic of Korea
Abstract—Nanostructured TiO2 films were prepared by a one-step soaking method, which has many advantages, such as simple
fabrication, a short reaction time, and fast growth. We have investigated the growth of TiO2 films by the substrate orientation of the
soaking method, which had an effect on the nanostructure of the TiO2 films. The TiO2 films prepared by this method had various
structures: particulate-flat structure and sphere-flat structure. To determine the effect of the nanostructure of TiO2 films on the
photovoltaic characteristics of solar cells, solar cell devices using the inorganic semiconductor Sb2S3 as a sensitizer were fabricated
by chemical bath deposition (CBD). Our solar cell device, using TiO2 film with a sphere-flat structure as a photoelectrode, exhibited
JSC, VOC, FF, and О· values of 11.82 mA / cm2, 0.49 V, 30.27 %, and 1.74 %, respectively.
Design of a Novice Hydraulic Buoyant Force Engine
N. Mir-Nasiri and B. Almenov
7/1 Saraishyk str., Apt. 336, Astana, Republic of Kazakhstan
Abstract—In connection with the consumptive depletion of the earth and the destructive effect of emissions of combustion products
on the environment, now all of humanity is in search for alternative energy sources. The proposed technology intends to produce
electricity directly at the consumer location or in close vicinity to it by utilizing the concept of vertical buoyancy power generation
in a still water reservoir and thus able to lower the cost of electricity and save the fossil fuels. The newly invented machine is able to
converts the buoyance force energy into mechanical energy of shaft rotation, and thus into the electricity via rotary generator. The
hydraulic buoyant force engine system includes two cylindrical pulleys with belt transmission mounted on the stationary frame that
is submerged into the water. The belt carries the chain of elastic plastic airbags to generate the buoyance force. The empty and
weightless airbags are driven first by the belt and pulleys system to the bottom of a water reservoir where they are filled with the air
delivered by the compressor and then the bulged bags and thus connected belt are driven up by the buoyant force. As a result the
belt and shaft of the connected to the upper pulley generator will be constantly driven by the buoyant force. The paper describes the
details of the engine construction, the amount of power generated by the engine as a function of the reservoir depth and the power
of an air compressor as well as advantages of such engine installations and their impact on the society.
Current State of Applying Smart Materials in Consumer Durables: A Literature Survey
Azrol Kassim, Imre HorvГЎth and Bart Gerritsen
Delft University of Technology, Malaysia
Abstract—Smart materials have drawn substantial attention and interest in a broad range of applications, due to their unique and
superior characteristics. However there is a blurry image over the potential applications of smart materials in consumer durables.
This has stalled further research and decision making in innovating consumer durables based on smart material technologies. This
literature survey investigates the applications of smart materials in consumer durables in a retrospective manner. The analysis
revealed the frequency distribution of the publications based on the reported application on 7 classes of smart materials in ten
consumer durable categories. The results show that shape changing smart material is the most frequently used and widely
distributed class of smart material. Nonetheless, shape changing smart materials applications in consumer durables are still limited.
On the basis of our main findings we discussed about the new opportunities and directions for future research and application in
consumer durables. As conclusion to this research, cross-disciplinary research between the domain of material engineering and
product design, through dedicated methods and software tools were proposed in order to improve the situation.
Impact of Powder Metallurgy Electrode in Electric Discharge Machining of H-13 Steel
Gurinder Singh Brar and Gaurav Mittal
Guru Nanak Dev Engineering College, India
Abstract— Electric discharge machining (EDM) widely used mostly in the tool and die industry and the material normally used as
electrode are copper, tungsten, graphite, copper tungsten and copper chromium alloys. In the present work, Electric discharge
machining was carried on H-13 workpiece using powder metallurgy electrodes of copper chromium (CuCr) and conventional
copper electrode. The input parameters selected in the study were current, voltage, duty cycle and retract distance. The output
parameters were material removal rate, tool wear rate, surface roughness and overcut. Experimental results show that CuCr powder
metallurgy electrode gives best results for MRR. Also CuCr powder metallurgy electrodes gives better results for overcut as
compare to conventional copper electrode. It has been seen that electrode type is significant factor for all output parameters.
Optimal Design and Structural Precision Analysis for a Spherical Coordinate System 3D Scanner Guiding
Sangwook Park, Hee-Young Maeng and Juwook Park
Seoul National University of Science and Technology, Korea
Abstract-Recently, automatic 3D scanning devices are commonly researched and developed for better productivity of the reverse
engineering fields. In this paper, a 3D scanner utilizing a spherical coordinate system was designed and analyzed using FEM
analysis. The system was designed for optimal performance, high precision, minimal deflection, and speed of data collection. FEM
analysis allowed us to properly design the system to achieve these goals, with focus on the deflection of the cantilever arm. Results
of the FEM analysis and figures showing the apparatus design are provided. Successive prototypes are shown to increase in overall
performance and reliability through improved design and analysis.
Recycled cigarette filter as reinforcing filler for natural rubber
Mun Kou Lai, Hiu Hong Teo and Jian Ye Lee
SEGi University, Malaysia
Abstract- Natural rubber is highly resilient and possesses many outstanding characteristics but inferior in aspects like modulus and
hardness. This however can be improved by reinforcement, forming a composite. The rubber compound in this study was prepared
according to the ASTM D3184 standards and reinforced using cellulose acetate (CA) from recycled cigarette filter, partly as an
effort to reduce the amount of waste. Moreover, cigarette filter is highly toxic due to the nicotine content thus requires care when is
recycled. From the rheological and mechanical testing conducted i.e. scorch and cure time, torque, tensile test and tear strength, it
seems to indicate a small amount of up 4 phr (parts per hundred rubber) of CA, is beneficial in improving the properties of the
rubber compound.
A Processing Approach Incorporating Copper Backing-Wheel Device In Submerged Arc Welding for
Manufacturing Cryogenic Storage Tanks
Supphachan Rajsiri, Mayuree Chomjanngam and Sittiphun Tuntawiroon
Mahidol University, Thailand
Abstract-A processing approach using a copper backing-wheel device was developed to aid the fabrication process of industrial
cryogenic storage tanks manufactured under the ASME Section VIII Division 1. This research focused on the welding processes
related to the cylindrical-body assembly.
outer-circumference joint were studied.
welding and submerged arc welding.
Two processing steps involving the root-run formation and the replacement with a sound
Initially, tank fabrication is achieved through the application of both flux-cored arc
A new processing approach was proposed with the modified method in cross-section
preparation, and a low-cost reusable copper backing-wheel device was developed to facilitate the root-run formation using only
submerged arc welding.
Temperature gradient through the device components along the heat-conduction path was monitored to
assure the conductivity of the backing device.
The results suggest that the proposed approach reduced manufacturing time by
removing the initial flux-cored arc welding process used in the conventional welding method. As an effect, the new approach
show promise reduces the overall manufacturing cost of tank fabrication. Based on radiographic testing of tanks fabricated using
the new approach found that circumference joints required little or no welding repair suggesting higher joint quality.
Simulation mathematical model of heating by a multichannel РЎРћ2-laser
Valentin Morozov, Alexey Zhdanov, Alexander Shlegel and Alexander Ivanchenko
Vladimir State University named after Alexander and Nikolay Stoletovs, Russian Federation
Abstract-This article focuses on the development and validation of a mathematical model that describes the interaction between
radiation and thermal processes multi-channel РЎРћ2-laser with cast iron. The proposed model is based on experimental and
numerical results obtained by the authors and allows the selection of rational modes of laser thermo strengthening for multichannel
Modeling of droplet generation by a modified T-junction device using COMSOL
Lei Lei, Hongbo Zhang, Donald Bergstrom, Bing Zhang and Wenjun Zhang
University of Saskatchewan, Canada
Abstract-This paper presents a numerical study of the formation of droplets in a novel two-dimensional T-junction device by using a
commercial CFD package: COMSOL Multiphysics. Numerical simulations were carried out for different flow conditions. Different
flow rates lead to four regimes: continuous flow, droplet generation, detached, and stalled. The capillary number of the cross-flow
turns out to be the key factors in the droplet generation process. The simulation results are validated by comparison to the existing
experimental data.
The Design of Self-erection Derrick of Simple Offshore Workover Rig
Gai Yongge and Zhang Zuonlong
China University of Petroleum, China
Abstract-Though the use of modular technology, a sub-vertical lifting offshore work over rig derrick for the marine small platform
is designed, which can be quickly installed and moved. The overall derrick structure and most of the part design and selection are
completed by Solid works and Auto CAD. The static calculation for the derrick is done with the help of finite element analysis
software ANSYS, and analyzed the results to ensure that the derrick designed could meet the strength requirements.
Application of Value Engineering on Chassis Component for HCV– A Case Study
Prem Singh and Jagdeep Singh
Guru Nanak Dev Engineering College, India
Abstract—It is becoming essential to develop new alternatives with lesser cost, better value. The idea is to achieve a competitive
edge for this competitive environment. Every industry strives hard to meet the requirements of the customers and tries to reduce
production cost. Value engineering is a scientific tool for reducing the cost while meeting the customer requirement.
In the present work, the seven core steps of Value Engineering Job Plan (VEJP) were used to reduce the cost and improve value of a
chassis component for a heavy commercial vehical(HCV). The study was carried out on ‗H type Shackle for Tata 2416 at Industrial
Enterprise, Dashmesh Nagar, Ludhiana.
The study revealed the poor value areas, alternatives were developed and evaluated. At the end changes in design were proposed
leading to 7.64 % of cost saving and ease of manufacturing also helped yield a fourfold increase in the production.
Manufacturing Method of increasing hollow steel shaft thickness using uniaxial pressing
Masahiro Dohi, Hirotaka Kamiyama,Shin-ichi Nishida,Yuji Kotani, and Hisaki Watari
Abstract—In manufacturing car components, the hollow parts manufacturing method is useful for reducing the product weight,
especially in drivetrain parts such as long shafts. Long, hollow shafts should have middle portions with large diameters and thin
walls and end portions with small diameters and thick walls in order to reduce weight while maintaining pipe strength.
Session 2: Solar Energy and Chemical Resources
Chair: Assoc. Prof. Musa Abdalla
13 presentations
Time: 1:30pm to 3:50pm
Venue: Forum Room on C floor
SMA Damped Tape Spring Hinge for Quasi-static Deployment of a
Satellite Solar Array
Ju Won Jeong, Kum Cheol Shin, Kyung Won Kim, Jae Hyuk Lim, and Jung Ju Lee
Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology, Republic of Korea
Abstract—A tape spring hinge is one of the most typical deployment devices and is frequently used in miniaturized satellite due to
its simplicity, lightweight, low cost and high deployment reliability. But a tape spring hinge mechanism has limited performance
due to the performance trade-off between deployed stiffness and latch-up shock.
In this study, to improve a conventional tape spring hinge mechanism, SMA damped tape spring hinge is proposed so that a satellite
solar array can be quasi-statically deployed. The test result shows the feasibility of the proposed concept.
Improved Performance of CdS/CdSe Quantum Dot-sensitized Solar Cell
Soo-Kyoung Kim and Hee-Je Kim
Pusan National University, South Korea
Abstract—Quantum dot-sensitized solar cells (QDSCs) have been attracting much attention due to their unique characteristics such
as multiple exciton generation and a tunable band gap.
Solar-Diesel Hybrid Model and Control for Central Heating
Musa Abdalla, S. Emran, M. Mukhtar, A. Nabil, and Z. Tahboob
The University of Jordan, Jordan
Abstract—A complete technical study on a Hybrid heating system is carried out with the aid of computer simulation. The main
objective of this work was to provide more insight into combining Solar and Diesel energies to be utilized in domestic central
heating. The motivation for such a system was basically the ever increasing Diesel prices in the Kingdome. This work revealed that
the cost of Diesel in heating houses could be lowered by at least fifteen percent if the hybrid system is implemented. Complete
mathematical model of a representative house was derived for the sake of computer simulation. The model was validated and
verified through computer simulations (Matlab Simulink based) with real collected weather data of Jordan (complete year record).
Finally a controller strategy was devised and tested using the derived mathematical model.
Influence of Electrospray coating TiO2 Electrode for Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells by Post-Treatment Method
Jeong-Hwa Kim, Shi-Joon Sung, and Dae-Kue Hwang
Daegu Gyeongbuk Institute of Science & Technology, Republic of Korea
Abstract—A mesoporous TiO2 photo-electrode for dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs) was fabricated by an electrospray method
using a solution of dispersed TiO2 nanocrystals (P25). A mesoporous TiO2 disk has a larger surface area than P25. The sub
micrometer-sized TiO2 disk promotes light scattering, thereby increasing the photocurrent conversion efficiency. However, the
electrosprayed TiO2 electrodes have many pores and disconnected electron pathways. Thus, we investigated the enhanced electrical
contact of an electrosprayed TiO2 electrode using a hot-pressing process and a titanium tetrachloride (TiCl4) treatment process. After
optimizing the post-treatment process of an electrosprayed TiO2 electrode, the cell shows conversion efficiency up to 6% at standard
sunlight of AM 1.5.
Effect of Anti-Reflective layer in Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells
Jung Eun Nam, Hyo Jeong Jo, Dae-Ho Son, Dae-Hwan Kim, and Jin-Kyu Kang
Daegu Gyeongbuk Institute of Science & Technology, Republic of Korea
Abstract—Anti-reflective (AR) layers play an important role in boosting the amount of light entering a device and reducing
reflection losses in a device, thereby enhancing the power conversion efficiency of solar cells. We have coated an AR layer on the
surface of a dye-sensitized solar cell device by using an electron beam evaporation system and investigated the effects of the AR
layer by measuring photovoltaic performance. The AR layer is found to increases the Jsc and О· of the solar cell.
Photothermal characteristics of magnetic nanofluids for solar thermal applications
Innocent Nkurikiyimfura and Antoine de Padoue Shyikira
College of science and technology, University of Rwanda, Rwanda
Abstract—Photothermal characteristics of nanofluids are of special importance in the design and performance analysis of solar
thermal collectors with nanofluids as heat transfer media. The present work investigated the photothermal characteristics of the
magnetite (Fe3O4) based nanofluids in zero and applied magnetic fields. Stable kerosene and water based magnetite nanofluids were
prepared via a coprecipitation method and their photothermal characteristics were measured under direct sun. Effects of magnetite
particle volume fraction and magnetic field on the temperature enhancement as function of irradiation time were analyzed. The
results showed that the photothermal characteristics could be enhanced with magnetite nanoparticles used in nanofluids at lower
particle volume fraction. In addition the, the photothermal characteristics of magnetic nanofluids (MNFs) were found to be related
to magnetic field.
Continuous Transesterification for Ethyl Ester Production from Refined Palm Oil through Static Mixer
Kichaphum Wijitsopa, Krit Somnuk, Thanansak Theppaya and Gumpon Prateepchaikul
Prince of Songkla University, Thailand
Abstract—In this study, the commercial grade of ethanol was used to produce the biodiesel from refined palm oil (RPO) through the
continuous static mixer system. The ethanol, an alternative alcohol to adopt in the ethyl ester production, can be used instead of
methanol, and this alcohol is more eco-friendly than methanol. The 6-meter in length of SUS304 static mixer reactor is an essential
part of mixing the RPO and solution of ethanol and potassium hydroxide to accelerate the base-catalyzed transesterification. The
ethanol were varied at the volumetric flow rate of 30, 40, 50, 60 vol.%, KOH as base-catalyst was varied with the weight to volume
of oil of 10,12,14 gKOH.L-1, to investigate the suitable condition which can converted the glycerides to the maximum purity of
ethyl ester. The results showed that all varied conditions, the ethyl ester conversion was rapidly increased from 0 to over 95 wt.%
when the flowing mixtures flowed through the 1 meter of static mixer. Furthermore, the highest purity of ethyl ester from RPO was
succeeded when the condition: the 60 vol.% ethanol, the 14 gKOH.L-1 of catalyst, 5-meter of static mixer, and 75 ВєC temperature of
RPO, was used in the continuous static mixer.
Enhancing Sustainable Recycle Solid Waste to Porous Activated Carbon for Methane Uptake
Murtala Musa, and MOHD ZAIN Husna
TM-MPRC Institute for Oil and Gas, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia
Abstract—Potential agro wastes (i.e palm kernel shell and coconut shell) for producing low cost activated carbon (AC) was
investigated. In this study, the activated carbon was produced by carbonization, chemical impregnation with KOH and microwave
irradiation. The pyrolysis was carried out at 700 ЛљC in an inert environment for 2 h. Microwave activation was carried out at 400W
for 6 minutes. Characteristics of the material were investigated using Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) analysis and
scanning electrode microscopy (SEM). Methane adsorption equilibrium data on the activated carbons produced were obtained using
static volumetric method. Microwave palm shell activated carbon (MPAC) and microwave coconut shell activated carbon (MCAC)
recorded highest methane uptake of 2.489 and 1.929 mmol/g at 3 bar, 30 0C. The adsorption data were correlated with Langmuir and
Freundlich isotherms. The results shows that microwave activated carbon from palm shell and coconut shell have good methane
adsorption characteristics.
Sustainable recycle solid waste to synthetic renewable solid energy
NASRI Noor Shawal, MOHD. ZAIN Husna, MOHAMMED Jibril, HAMZA Usman Dadum and AHMED
Murtala Musa
TM-MPRC Institute for Oil and Gas, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia
Abstract—Renewable energy is a source of energy that can be recovered and recycled. The recyclable material is removed first
before energy is recovered from the residual waste. In this study, the effect of pyrolysis temperature on the calorific value of
sustainable materials and gas emission quality were carried out. Pyrolysis and non-pyrolysis processes were initially conducted
before calorific value determination. Calorific values of the samples were measured by bomb calorimeter. The sample that contains
the highest calorific value was chosen and compared with coal. Testing of the prepared samples was accomplished using
combustion process. The characterizations of the samples were determined by TGA analysis, SEM, FTIR and elemental analysis.
From the results obtained, it is observed that the calorific value of sustainable material depends on the number of hydrogen, carbon
and thermal energy.
Analysis of Research Trends of Organic Solar cell using patent information
Young-il Kwon and Dae-hyun Jeong
KISTI, Korea
Abstract—For an efficient solution in the organic solar cell, the requirements may be largely as follows: development of organic
semi-conductor material with a low energy band gap, enhancement of efficiency through morphology and surface control and an
increase in efficiency utilizing tandem cell and plasmon technology.
This study analyzed research trends in these three fields through a network analysis and mapping analysis using thesis information
and patent information. It was shown that in case of the enhancement of efficiency through the development of semi-conductor
material with an energy band gap on organic solar cell, morphology and surface control, there have been many ongoing studies since
2007. The enhancement technology for efficient utilization of tandem cell and plasmon technology has been frequently studied
Experimental Analysis of the Pool Boiling Phenomenon of Sugarcane Juice
Daniel Marcelo, Paul Villar Yacila and RaГєl La Madrid Olivares
Universidad de Piura, Piura
Abstract—In Peru, jaggery making process has low energy efficiency and it is due to low heat transfer coefficients for natural
convection linked to the sugar cane movement generated by the heat exchange between the sugarcane juice and the combustion
gases. This low heat transfer coefficients are caused by improper heat exchangers designs. In this work, is performed an
experimental analysis that consist in supplie heat to a pot containing sugarcane juice using a hot plate of constant electrical power.
This study consist in identify boiling regimes and estimate the heat transfer coefficients linked to natural convection boiling,
measuring: (i) the temperature at the bottom of the pot (ii) the temperature at the bottom level of sugarcane juice (iii) the
temperature at middle level of sugarcane juice (iv) the temperature at free surface of sugarcane juice (v) rate of water evaporated.
The method of linear regression and the correlation of Rohse now were used for obtaining the values of the heat transfer coefficients
ranging from 4088.6 W/m2В°C to 12592.8 W/m2В°C with power input ranging from 700W to 1300W.
Enzymatic esterification of oleic acid and propanol by Novozym 435
Sawittree Mulalee, Karnjana Sena, and Muenduen Phisalaphong
Chulalongkorn University, Thailand
Abstract—Recently, demand of biolubricants has been continuously increased since it is environmentally friendly and renewable.
Therefore, this research focused on the biolubricants production from enzymatic esterification of oleic acid and propanol using
Novozym 435 as a biocatalyst. The esterification experiments were conducted under the optimal conditions, as follows: 45В°C, oleic
acid to propanol molar ratio of 1:2, Novozym 435 loading of 5% based on the weight of oleic acid. It was shown that the optimal
rotation speed at 250 rpm could minimize the effect of external mass transfer limitations and maintained the enzyme activity. The
conversion of oleic acid from the esterification for 6 h with isopropanol was 76.4%, which was lower than that with n-propanol
(88.9%). Novozym 435 could be reused in the production of propyloleate for at least 5 cycles with maintaining FFA conversion of
94% of its initial value. Moreover, the use of molecular sieve to remove water during the reaction could significantly enhance the
final FFA conversion from 88.9% to 94.7%.
Thin-shell silk cocoon (TSC) as a nitrogen source of ABE fermentation by Clostridium acetobutylicum
Nathsera Kittithanesuan and Muenduen Phisalaphong
Chulalongkorn University, Thailand
Abstract—A thin-shell silk cocoon (TSC), a residual from the silk industry, was used as an alternative nitrogen (N-) source in ABE
fermentation by Clostridium acetobutyricum ATCC 824. The experimental studies were performed in batch fermentation at 35 В°C
and pH 5.0. The results were compared with the system using yeast extract (YE) as N-source. It was shown that TSC fragments
(TSCf) could be used as a cheap substitute for YE for a certain amount. Under optimum conditions, total solvent of 22.3 g/L (12.7
g/L butanol, 8.0 g/L acetone and 1.5 g/L ethanol) was obtained from the ABE fermentation using the mixture of TSC f and YE as
N-sources. The ABE productivity and conversion yield were 0.15 g/L/h and 0.30 g/g sugar consumption, respectively.
Session 3: Communication Engineering
Chair: Dr. Catherine Todd
12 presentations
Time: 1:30pm to 3:50pm
Venue: Forum Room I
A Study on the User Interface Environment for Digital Home Service applying Emotional Convergence
Eun Young Park, In Soo Lee, Min Sun Kim, Beom Soo Lee and Woong-Hee Shon
Korea Institute of Industrial Technology, Korea
Abstract-The digital home service proposed here is intended to implement an emotional interface in relation to each user�s condition
by applying living-related convergence technology including IT, BT, electronics and architecture to the residential environment. The
digital home service system operates in the order of information recognition, signal transmission, integrated control, expression. We
have implemented a system that works with the concept step by step weight forest, the sea, healing, depending on the body weight
of the signal. To find out user preferences for the proposed system, a demonstration setting was installed. A questionnaire survey
was conducted with 300 participants in the setting. The survey results showed user satisfaction was high in the order of lighting,
sound, vibration. The user recognition sensing, systerior and LED/optical fiber emotional lighting system are integrated into the
proposed digital home service. The emotion-oriented customized service based on the information of user condition allows users to
control their surroundings at their own discretion. And this study implemented the service infra capable of accommodating user
preferences with the convergence of heterogeneous technologies and industries in a relatively less objective field of emotion, which
is prone to individual differences.
Universal Plug and Play and Port Control Protocol: The Advance Features of Dual Stack IPv4 and Ipv6
Customer Premises Equipment
Ihsan Lumasa Rimra, Wiwik Wiharti, and Surfa Yondri
State Polytechnic of Padang, Indonesia
Abstract—The transition between the utilization of Ipv4 and Ipv6 leads ISPs to develop a new mechanism so as to continue services
for customers. In one hand, ISPs are pushed in implementing Ipv6 protocol as the new technology. In another hand, there are many
users and services still provided by Ipv4 protocol. The CPE as an equipment at customer�s premises must be able to pass any kind
of services at any kind of IP traffic on dual stack environment. In order to support communication between Ipv4 terminals beyond
the Ipv4 depletion issue, the CGN DS Lite approach is implemented. This paper presents two features of dual stack CPE which
allow Ipv4 traffic and applications implementing port forwarding operation to communicate through Ipv6 access network. The PCP
capability is taken into account between the CPE and CGN with some UpnP-PCP proxy capabilities in the CPE. We demonstrate
that PCP gives an opportunity for customers in the home network behind the CGN to manage their interactive applications.
The Performance of Controlling Cannon Barrel Position on the Moving Platform Using Neural Network Control
and Sliding Mode Control
Wiwik Wiharti, Santi Anggraini, and Ihsan Lumasa Rimra
State Polytechnic of Padang, Indonesia
Abstract—One of the gunboat weapons that need to stay stable is the cannon. Its unbalance position that caused by pitch and roll
disturbance will influence the target accuracy, target detection, tracking system, object identification and the ability to counter the
threat. In order to determine this disturbance, the balancing control on the movement platform can be solved by using neural
network control and sliding mode control methods. To make an approach, the cannon movement system can be modeled in training
and elevation movements and the disturbances are modeled through pitch and roll mechanisms. The variations in obtained
parameters of training and elevation (moment of inertia) are the non-linearity result of the moving cannon. The system is simulated
to verify the error in the controller�s output processed using the neural network coordination system control and sliding mode
control. The learning process in the neural network is made using back propagation method in order to get the weight value at the
different disturbances which their results are given in the simulation of coordination models. On the other hand, the free chattering
of sliding mode control is implemented in order to make the movement of training and elevation can be controlled for having the
desired angle position in the disturbance of pitch and roll. This paper is based on the study to compare the performance of neural
network control and sliding mode control on the moving platform.
An Efficient Multicast Routing Technique using Genetic Algorithm over WDM Mesh Networks
Subhendu Barat, Soumitra Ghosh, Tanushree Dutta and Tanmay De
National Institute of Technology, Durgapur, India
Abstract—Multicast Communication over an optical fiber network is treated as a major problem in optical domain. As the need of
one-to-many communication is increasing day by day, researchers are trying to devise novel and efficient approaches to solve this
problem. Although the most of the efforts done in this field is heuristic in nature, evolutionary approaches are also started to be used
to solve this as an optimization problem. In this paper we have used Genetic Algorithm to find an efficient multicast route (tree) to
establish a multicast connection in WDM mesh network. We have proposed a novel fitness function which can optimize multiple
objectives: reaching maximum no. of destinations, minimizing usage of optical channels, minimizing usage of splitters, very
efficiently. We have established the truth of our claim by simulating our proposed algorithm over various optical fiber networks.
A Multi-agent System for Outliers Accommodation in Wireless Sensor Networks
Paulo Gil, AmГўncio Santos, LuГ­
s Palma and Alberto Cardoso
University of Coimbra, Portugal
Abstract—In monitoring applications the accuracy of data is paramount. When considering wireless sensor networks the quality of
readings taken from the environment may be hampered by outliers in raw data collected from transmitters attached to nodes�
analogue-to-digital converter ports. To improve the data quality sent to the base-station, a real-time data analysis should be
implemented at nodes� level, while taking into account their computing power and storage limitations. This paper deals with the
problem of outliers detection and accommodation in raw data. The proposed approach relies on univariate statistics within an
hierarchical multi-agent framework. Results from experiments on a real monitoring scenario, at a major oil refinery plant, show the
relevance of the proposed approach.
Computing Convex Layers of a Dynamic Point Set
Sanjib Sadhu and Niraj Kumar
National Institute of Technology (NIT), Durgapur, INDIA
Abstract—The convex layers of a given point set can be computed by iterative process of finding convex hull after discarding the
points of already computed convex hull. Computation of convex layers has been widely studied in the static environment where the
point set are fixed. In this paper, we propose an idea to compute set of convex layers in dynamic context. There exists an optimal
time algorithm to solve the static version of the problem in O(n logn) time. However, to solve dynamic version of the problem the
suggested algorithm requires O(n^2) time for a set of n points.
A New Priority based Call Scheduling Technique in Mobile Networks
Parag Kumar Guha Thakurta
National Institute of Technology Durgapur, India
Abstract—A technique for priority driven call scheduling for mobile networks is proposed in this paper. Some priority factors
related to call acceptance and call rejection have been identified. A selection criterion for finding the best possible path among the
different alternatives obtained through the proposed method has been discussed. Experimental results show the advantages of the
proposed technique over existing ones.
An Optimal Inherently Stabilizing Algorithm for Routing over all Node-Disjoint Paths in Exchanged Hypercubes
Thamer Alsulaiman and Mehmet Hakan Karaata
Kuwait University
Abstract—Two paths between a source node and a destination node in a network are node- disjoint if they do not share any nodes
except the end points. Node-disjoint paths have numerous uses in distributed systems including ways to deal with lost, damaged or
altered messages during delivery. Many topologies such as hypercube, star networks, and their variants have been proposed,
providing multiple disjoint paths between a pair of endpoints. The exchanged hypercube is a new topology that is obtained by
systematically removing edges from a binary hypercube. Exchanged hypercube topology increases scalability and relative cost of
the networks by reducing the number of edges per node.
In this paper, we propose a distributed algorithm that is both stabilizing and inherently stabilizing to route messages over all
node-disjoint paths in an exchanged hypercube network.
A Haptic-Audio Simulator Indoor Navigation; to Assist Visually Impaired Environment Exploration
Catherine Todd and Katy Naylor
University of Wollongong in Dubai, UAE
Abstract—VirtuNav is a haptic-, audio- enabled Virtual Reality (VR) simulator that facilitates persons with visual impairment to
explore a 3D computerized model of a real-life indoor location, such as a classroom or hospital. For administrative purposes, the
screen displays a 2D overhead view of the map to monitor user progress and location relative to the reconstructed 3D environment.
The system offers two unique interfaces: a free-roam interface where a user can freely navigate and interact with the model, and an
edit mode where an administrator can manage test users, manage maps and retrieve test data. VirtuNav is developed as a practical
application offering several unique features including map design, semi-automatic 3D map reconstruction and object classification
from 2D map data. Visual and haptic rendering of real-time 3D map navigation are provided, and automated administrative
functions including determination of shortest path taken, comparison with the actual path taken, and assessment of performance
indicators relating to time taken for exploration and collision data. VirtuNav is a research tool for investigation of user familiarity
developed after repeated exposure to the indoor location, to determine the extent to which haptic and/or sound cues improve a
visually impaired user�s ability to navigate a room or building with or without occlusion. System testing reveals that spatial
awareness and memory mapping improve with user iterations within VirtuNav. The application is for greater real world
engagement: to build confidence in real world experiences, enabling persons with sight impairment to more comfortably and readily
explore and interact with environments formerly unfamiliar or unattainable to them.
A Platform for Mobile Image Recognition and Mobile Mapping in Local Based Services
Jinsuk Kang and Chung Jae Young
Information & Management Research Consortium(IMRC), South Korea
Abstract—We have developed a prototype image recognition system capable of identifying landmarks (typically, city buildings and
structures) from photographs captured on camera phones. The image recognition process runs server-side, as a web service
accessible over GPRS from a web enabled phone or Smartphone. Photographs of landmarks are pre-loaded into a central database,
which is then queried by users submitting images from their camera phones. The image recognition algorithm is robust to variations
in both illumination and point of view. In this research, the effective method was suggested for the transmission of the geographic
information acquired by camera attached to a Smartphone such as position data, attitude data, and image data in the wireless
internet environment in real-time.
Wireless Environmental Monitoring System for Smart Buildings
R. Du Plessis, Anuj Kumar, and Gerhard P Hancke
University of Pretoria, South Africa
Abstract—This paper describes the work that has been done to design a wireless environmental monitoring system (WEM) for
smart buildings. The proposed system can also be used for indoor air quality (IAQ) audits and it can be implemented as the
monitoring part of a heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) control system. In order to achieve the target design goals,
the sensor node and graphical user interface (GUI) were developed based on IEEE1451.2 and IEEE1451.1 standards, respectively.
The wireless sensor network was implemented successfully using a 434MHz transceiver, which was able to transmit data over
relatively long distances without severe attenuation from obstacles such as walls. The sensors were tested and calibrated to achieve
the best possible accuracy with equipment that was available. The WEM system is low cost, energy efficient, and portable.
Recognition of Indonesian Vehicle Registration Plate by Discrete Cosine Transform and Radial Basis Function
Pujianto Yugopuspito, Samuel Lukas, Sutrisno, and Dion Krisnadi
Universitas Pelita Harapan, Indonesia
Abstract—A car has a unique label called a license plate or a vehicle registration plate. A vehicle registration plate (VRP) in
Indonesia consists of a series of alphanumeric. The aim of this research is to recognize the VRP from a frontal image of a car. Image
processing techniques are done to identify the VRP, by converting to grayscale image, transforming into binary image by using
adaptive threshold, applying region labeling, filtering and others image processing techniques. Features of a character from VRP are
taken by applying the Discrete Cosine Transform (DCT) then the character is recognized by Radial Basis Function network (RBF).
Some experiments are conducted to determine the number of DCT is needed for each character and to know how well the system to
recognize the VRP. System uses 63 DCTs to each character and recognizes the VRP with percentage is about 96%.
Preparation and characterization of hot wall deposited CuInGaSe2 thin films for solar cell applications
S. Arul, N.Muthukumarasamy, M.D.Kannan and S.Jayakumar
PSG Polytechnic College, India
Abstract—CuIn0.7Ga0.3Se2 (CIGS) bulk compound was prepared by direct reaction of high purity (99.99%) elemental copper,
indium, gallium and selenium. Using the prepared bulk CIGS, polycrystalline CuInGaSe2 thin films were deposited onto well
cleaned soda-lime glass substrates using hot wall deposition technique by optimizing process parameters such as the wall
temperature, filament current and time of deposition. The x-ray diffraction studies on the as-prepared films revealed polycrystalline
nature. The composition of the chemical constituents present in the prepared bulk and thin films has been determined using energy
dispersive X-ray analysis(EDX). The surface morphology of CIGS thin film of deposition time 3 min. have been carried out using
Atomic Force Microscopy(AFM). The AFM images revealed that the average grain size was 20 nm and the surface roughness was
about 8 nm. Transmittance spectra in the wavelength range of 190 nm to 2500 nm was obtained using a double beam
spectrophotometer (UV-VIS) and the results are discussed.
3:50pm to 4:10pm
-PAPER SESSIONSSession 4: Applied Mechanics and Renewable Energy
Chair: Assoc. Prof. Ruslan E. Isaev
13 presentations
Time: 4:10pm to 6:30pm
Venue: Lychee Garden on 1 floor
Secondary Flows in Radial Diffusing Channels
Gopalakrishnan Govindarajan
Dr.M.G.R. Educational & Research Institute, India
Abstract-An approximate method has been developed for the estimation of the secondary flow through a radial diffusing cascade.
The basis of this numerical treatment is on the Reynolds Navier Stokes method.
The theoretical development is based on the channel approach, in that the flow emerging out of the channel is assumed to consist of
two sets of symmetrical vortices, which includes the shroud cross flow principle. The flow is considered to be ir-rotational and
incompressible. This however is a bad approximation for high pressure recovery diffusers. The solution could be extended to
compressible situations – approximate solutions only.
Natural Convective Coutte Flow in a Vertical Parallel Plate Microchannel
Narahari Marneni and Rajashekhar Pendyala
Universiti Teknologi PETRONAS, Malaysia
Abstract-In the present paper, the exact analysis of steady state fully developed natural convective Couette flow in a vertical parallel
plate microchannel is performed. Exact solutions are derived for the dimensionless velocity, temperature, volume flow rate, vertical
heat flux and Nusselt number. The effects of Grashof number, wall-ambient temperature difference ratio and Knudsen number on
the velocity, volume flow rate and Nusselt number have been discussed through graphs. The study revealed that the fluid velocity
and volume flow rate increases with increasing Grashof number whereas the Nusselt number decreases with increasing Grashof
An experimental and analytical study on modification of mechanical properties of OPC paste
Abdoullah Namdar, GE Qi and Majid Simrakh
Sichuan University, China
Abstract—The construction industry requires improvement in order to sustainable development. Many waste materials mixture have
unknown effect on cement paste. The main objective is to evaluate modified mechanical property of Ordinary Portland Cement
(OPC) paste, in mixture with waste materials. The sawdust powder, seashell powder and oil palm shell have been selected as a
natural additive. 1% of each natural additive separately blended with Ordinary Portland Cement (OPC), in order to make three
different types of specimens.The compressive strength of OPC paste measured in 14 days. The mechanical property of OPC paste
has also been compared in application of different natural additive. The flexibility of modified OPC paste is analysed. Mainly is
focusing on additive role in stress-strain behavior. The result is indicated that the blending appropriate waste materials mixture in
cement paste improves compressive strength and flexibility of cement paste in early age of 14 days. The several waste materials can
be investigated to obtain better results.
Modeling of Machining Process Knowledge for Supporting Manufacturing Execution System
Myon Woong Park, Jae Kwan Kim, Kwangho Eum, and Mujin Kang
Korea Institute of science and technology, Hawolgok, Sungbuk,Seoul, Korea
Abstract—Process knowledge including the relationships between manufacturing processes and machining features is one of the
crucial elements needed for various decision making activities in process planning, while the planning is the essential preparative
step of Manufacturing Execution systems. As new technologies emerge, the process knowledge needs to be updated accordingly.
Most of the systems dealing with process knowledge are not flexible enough to accommodate the relevant changes within an
acceptable cost. In this paper, ontology based modeling of the process knowledge is presented. The core process ontology represents
the process knowledge for machining operation selection regarding multi-axis machining feature. Firstly the concepts such as
features, machining methods and process capability are modeled with relevant properties. Secondly the causal relationships between
these concepts are modeled. In addition, the process selection logic is modeled by using rules which describe the match between
machining requirements of a feature and process capability of a machining method. An example shows how the process ontology
can be used in a reasoning mechanism for operations selection.
Integrated split heat pump system for building applications
Sandro Nizetic, Roko Gizdic, Ankit Yadav and Miro Bugarin
Faculty of Electrical Engineering, Mechanical Engineering and Naval Architecture (FESB), Croatia
Abstract—In this paper, a design of a specific hybrid energy system is elaborated for small scale applications in building facilities of
residential or commercial purpose. The energy system is assembled from existing market available technologies that include
implementation of a heat pump technology, photovoltaic system and of a standard accumulation boiler for the preparation of hot
water. The developed energy system is assumed to be used in mild climates where a heat pump system can be efficiently used
throughout the year. According to the gained experimental results the coefficient of the performance for the cooling mode can be
expected between 5.0 and 6.0, which prove that the proposed system is highly energy efficient. The developed energy system can
cover both cooling and heating demands and also demands for domestic hot water and it represents a totally renewable energy
Biogas source of Energy and Solution to the Environment problems in Rwanda
Anastase Rwigema
University of Rwanda, Rwanda
Abstract—In Africa especially in Rwanda, the development of Biogas technology is imperative for development to occur in
sustainable manner. Using large centralized power generation facilities to provide electricity to rural population and communities is
very expensive and non-viable in Rwanda due to lack of a well dispersed electric grid. In Addition, use of non-renewable fossil
fuels is resulting in increased greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and attendant increased drivers for climate change. Development of
Biogas systems serves the purposes of solving sanitation, energy and environmental problems by improving good health conditions
and providing a source of energy for cooking and lighting to the communities and households contributing also to the decrease of
GHG emissions. In Rwanda, there are 14 prisons, after genocide of 1994, the inmates increased up to 60,000. Number of prisoners
was from 2,000 up to 7,500 prisoners in one prison[6].
This high number of inmates caused serious sanitation and environmental
problems. Indeed the septic tanks became full and human excreta started to overflow and pollute the environment. In addition, a
very big quantity of fuel wood was used for cooking inmates� food; the consequence was the degradation of the environment.
Similar problems were observed in schools. Solution to the mentioned problems was construction of Biogas systems. In Rwanda
only about 16% of the population have access to electricity.
In order to reduce that deficit of energy, Rwanda Government is
developing other sources of energy particularly Biogas for rural areas which so far do not have connection to the national electricity
grid. Big size (100 m3) and small size (4, 6, 8 and 10 m3) bio- digesters are installed in several institutions and households and they
provide enough Biogas for cooking and lighting in steady of using firewood which is becoming scarce in many areas of the country
and their usage as source of energy causes pollution through production of Carbon dioxide (CO2) released in the atmosphere.A
study made by SNV(Netherlands Cooperation Development Agency) shows that a domestic bio-digester reduces 4.6 tons of
(CO2)per year. Hence, calculation made indicates that the 3,000 domestic bio-digesters currently operational in Rwanda allow to
reduce 13,800 tons of Carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions per year. As organic wastes particularly human excreta and other digestible
biomass are available everywhere, biogas technology can be developed in all the countries worldwide.
Vegetalized Complex Partition (VCP): Impact of a Green Roof Under a Humid Tropical Climate, Comparison
between Hong Kong and Reunion Island
AurГ©lien P. Jean, Teddy Libelle, FrГ©dГ©ric Miranville, Mario A. Medina
Reunion Island University, France
Abstract—The aim of this paper is to present the experimental results of a specific vegetated complex partition (VCP) and discuss the
conclusions found from an interesting study case in Hong Kong, especially the presence of a strong upward heat flux in winter.
The experimented VCP configuration have never been tested in Reunion Island. It is located on a small scale building with a sloped
roof covered with steel foil and under a humid tropical climate.
From March to August, the extensive VCP reduced the global average heat flow by 91.61% and the ceiling temperature by 9.3В°C, with
a maximum average reduction of 18.9В°C at noon.
Compares to the results from Hong Kong, three of the four conclusions have been observed or deduced from the experimented
VCP's results. The fourth conclusion (about heat flow loss in winter) have not been observed. But, based on the results, a precision
of the explanation of its origin is proposed: the evaporation process act like an heat loss amplifier.
Heating Or Cooling Buildings With PV Walls In Reunion Island
Dimitri Bigot, Frederic Miranville, Edouard Lebon, StГ©phane Guichard, and AurГ©lien Jean
Reunion Island University, France
Abstract—In Reunion Island, many buildings have been equipped with PV panels on their roofs in order to produce electricity.
These PV systems were built to increase the penetration of renewable energies in the public electricity grid and so reduce
greenhouse effect gases emissions. This type of installation was designed just in order to produce electricity but many works have
shown that PV systems integrated to walls can also cool or heat the buildings. This paper presents how PV systems integrated to
building can be used to help meeting energy needs in two microclimates of the island by cooling or heating the building where it is
installed. To show this, a building simulation code able to model BIPV buildings is used.
Numerical study of a building using Phase Change Materials (PCMs) in Reunion Island
StГ©phane Guichard, FrГ©dГ©ric Miranville, Bruno Malet-Damour, Dimitri Bigot, Harry Boyer, and Teddy Libelle
Laboratoire IRISE/EiCesi – CCIR and Reunion Island University, France
Abstract—Buildings in Reunion Island have different thermal performances so the thermal energy storage should be enhanced.
Using phase change materials in the building envelope could be a solution. These materials are able to increase the low thermal
mass of lightweight constructions in order to improve human comfort, maintaining the building ambient thermal comfort closer to
the desired temperature. The main objective of this paper is to present the thermal impact of PCM on two walls of an office with
Reunion Island specific conditions. To this end, the experimental validation of a model based on the apparent heat capacity method
and integrated into a building simulation code is used. The study results are very encouraging.
Performance Testing of Light Pipes in real weather conditions for a confrontation with Hemera
Reunion Island University, France
Abstract—Daylight offers many possibilities. Its proper use is a major asset to develop the design, energy and environmental quality
of a building but also improve the physiological and psychological conditions of the user. New emerging devices, offer the
opportunity to improve visual comfort while, providing energy savings. The light pipes are considered as a part of these innovative
devices. Existing semi-empirical models do not adequately transcribe the behavior of light pipes. The scientific objective of this
study is to investigate the propagation of light within a real test-cell equipped with this device in real weather conditions. The aim is
to better understand the role of each parameter (solar geometry, diffuse illumination, direct illumination, etc.). The results indicated
a difference in light distribution within the test cell between the clear and overcast sky. We target new parameters to take into
account in modeling the phenomenon.
Validation of daylighting model in CODYRUN building simulation code
H. Boyer, B. Malet-Damour, A.H. Fakra, S. Guichard, A. Jean, T. Libelle, D. Bigot, F. Miranville, M,Bojić
Reunion Island University, France
Abstract—CODYRUN is a multi-zone software integrating thermal building simulation, airflow, and pollutant transfer. A first
question thus arose as to the integration of indoor lighting conditions into the simulation, leading to a new model calculatingnatural
and artificial lighting. The results ofthis new daylighting modulewere thencompared with resultsof other simulation codes and
experimentalcases both in artificialand naturalenvironments. Excellent agreements were obtained, such as the values for luminous
efficiencies in a tropical and humid climate.In this paper, a comparison of the model output with detailed measures is presented
using a dedicated test cell in Reunion Island (French overseas territory in the Indian Ocean), thus confirming the interest for thermal
and daylighting designs in low-energy buildings.
Scale effect of hydrodynamic parameters of microhydroturbines
Alaybek Dj. Obozov, Azhumakan Zh. Zhamalov, Ruslan E. Isaev, Murat M. Kunelbaev
Kyrgyz State Technical University named after I. Razzakov, Kyrgyzstan
Abstract—This work considers the issue of selection of optimum parameters of low-head microhydropower stations. The input
parameter for determining the data of rotor wheel is relative diameter of sleeve. For justifying the selection of rational values of
sleeve ratio of low-head microhydropower stations turbines method of similarity theory is used. When adhering the geometric
similarity, as well as necessary boundary and initial conditions dynamic similarity is carrying out in the case of equality of Strouhal,
Froude, Reynolds and Euler criteria. Necessity of calculation of scale coefficient О» depends on the definition of Re, Sh, Fr, Eu
numbers. The resulting value of sleeve ratio allows to pass on to definition of the main parameter of hydroturbine. The obtained
dependences can extend the application of the theory of similarity, and the developed simulation methods can be used for
calculation and selection of rational parameters of low-head microhydropower stations.
Energetic performance of an experimental extensive green roof in a tropical environment
T. Libelle, A. Jean, B. Malet-Damour, S. Guichard, F. Miranville, H. Boyer
Reunion Island University, France
Abstract—The green roof technology provides environmental benefits by protecting the base roof membrane of buildings against
global solar radiation and temperature fluctuations and by helping to reduce building�s energy consumption by direct shading.
Although several studies have been conducted to explore the energy performance of green roofs as natural cooling devices, there is
still a lack of data concerning the green roof potential in a tropical environment. The present work aimed to evaluate the behavior of
an extensive green roof for buildings under a tropical climate. The experimental green roof developed was compared to a reference
bituminous roof during a five-month period from the end of the winter season to the summer time. The green roof performance was
explored by evaluating its effect on temperature fluctuations and heat fluxes. Results showed that the presence of plants led to a
decrease in temperature under the green roof. Plants also contributed to a lower heat flux exchange through the green roof and to a
higher restitution of heat gain. Furthermore, the determination of parameters including U-value, R-value and k-value, led to
demonstrate the thermal and energy performance of the green roof in a tropical environment.
Session 5: Electrical and Electronic Engineering
Chair: To be added
11 presentations
Time: 4:10pm to 6:30pm
Venue: Forum Room on C floor
Increase in accuracy and smoothness of movement of the mechatronic unit of linear micromotions
Elena Novikova, Dmitry Shtykh, Alexey Zhdanov and Valentin Morozov
Vladimir State University named Alexander and Nikolay Stoletov, Russian Federation
Abstract-Application spheres of exact linear motions actuator were examined. Typical complexes of requirements to parameters of
movement of the output link were defined. Methods of evaluation of the quality of movement of the output link were carried out.
The analysis of possibilities of the technical characteristics increase of linear micro motions actuators was carried out. The method
of increase in accuracy and smoothness of motion of the output link actuators through optimization of the management system
based on kinematic error of the actuating mechanism was examined.
Transmission Tower Vibration Analysis System Based on Internet of Things
Wang Zhangqi, Wang Jian and Zuo Li
North China Electric Power University, China
Abstract-A vibration analysis system for transmission tower based on the Internet of Things is described in this paper. According to
layering architecture concept of the Internet of Things, the system consists of three parts, which can be divided into sensing
network, data communication and system software. The sensing network includes vibration acceleration transducer and some other
measuring sensors, WiFi technology is used for data communication in the sensing network. The software module is responsible for
storage, analysis and processing of the detected data. The system software mainly has the functions of the real-time vibration data
collection, data filtering and time-frequency domain analysis. C/S and B/S architectures are constructed for remote display of
vibration data. Finally, this system is utilized to perform vibration analysis for a guyed tower and a steel tube tower, and the method
to assess the health level of the tested model is discussed.
A Time Service Improvement Scheme for Clock System of Nuclear Power Plant
Shouyang Zhai
China Nuclear Power Engineering Company
Abstract—This paper aims to research the necessity and specific methods to improve the time service of clock system of nuclear
power plant. By researching and analyzing the current condition of the whole-plant clock system time service scheme, it propose an
improvement scheme of time service system in the aspect of redundancy back-up, system networking, maintenance convenience,
and power supply optimization. The research of this paper explores an efficient method to improve time service of clock system and
increase reliability. It can provide guidance to the modification of in-service nuclear power plant clock system and the design of
new nuclear power plant clock system.пЂ TD045
Recent Trends In Low Power VLSI Design
Dr. R. Sivakumar and D. Jothi
Department of ECE, RMK Engineering College, India
Abstract—The recent trends in the developments and advancements in the area of low power VLSI Design are surveyed in this
paper. Though Low Power is a well established domain, it has undergone lot of developments from transistor sizing, process
shrinkage, voltage scaling, clock gating, etc., to adiabatic logic. This paper aims to elaborate on the recent trends in the low power
Optimal Energy Storage Sizing for Wind Power Applications
Congying Han, Ruiyuan Kong, Tiande Guo, Wei Pei
School of Mathematical Sciences, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, China
Abstract—Wind energy is now widely used in many countries as a clean energy. In order to make better use of wind energy, we
need to study various factors affecting the utilization of wind energy.
If we can better predict the wind, we can make full use of
wind energy. Where, combing an energy storage system with a wind farm is an effective way to mitigate fluctuations and improve
the predictability of wind power. Energy storage sizing has been an important part in wind farm planning. This paper presents an
optimization model for determining the capacity of a lead-acid battery integrated with a wind farm. The energy storage capacity
calculated in the model gives the lowest cost and has a significant impact on remedying the prediction error. Besides, the charge and
discharge operation can also be displayed in our model.
Short-term Wind Power Forecasting in Wind Power Plants of North China Based on Support Vector Regression
Haijian Shao and Haikun Wei
Department of Automation, Southeast University, China
Abstract—This paper investigates the short-term wind power forecasting and demonstrates accurate modeling, which utilizes two
representative heuristic algorithms (i.e. wavelet neural network (WNN) and Multilayer Perceptron (MLP)), and statistical machine
learning techniques (i.e. Support Vector Regression (SVR)). The proposed method generates the performances of different
approaches for random time series, characterized with high accuracy and high generalization capability. The employed data is
obtained through Sampling equipment in Real Wind Power Plants (Power generation equipment is Dongfang Steam Turbine Co.,
Ltd. weak wind turbine type--FD77 with German REpower company technology). The main innovation of this paper comes from:
(a) problem may encounter in the real application is in consideration such as corrupt, missing value and noisy data. (b) Data lag
estimation are provided to investigate the data distribution and obtain the best input variables, respectively. (c) Comparison between
MLP neural networks, WNN and SVR with optimized kernel parameters based on Grid-search method are provided to demonstrate
the best forecasting approaches. The purpose of this paper is to provide a method with reference value for short-term wind power
A Clean Energy Generation System of In-Tandem Combinations Each of Heat Pump, Compressor, and Turbine
in Wind Tunnel
Yee-Chang Feng
National Cheng Kung University, Taiwan
Abstract—This is a series of in-tandem combinations each of heat pump, air compressor, and air turbine disposed in a wind tunnel,
working together to generate clean/renewable electricity. The air compressor, located at downstream of the preceding air turbine,
extracts air from this turbine thus reduces its backpressure and causes pressure drop at the turbine exit.
Turbine output work Wtb is proportional to temperature difference (T3-T4) of turbine inlet/outlet air, which varies exponentially
with turbine outlet/inlet air pressure ratio P4/P3 in adiabatic process as below:
Wtb = MCp(T3 -T4) = MCpT3{1-
where, M=mass flow rate of air; Cp & Cv=constant pressure/volume specific heat capacities of air; k= Cp/Cv=1.4
An ASME paper [1] verifies that a suction blower put at turbine exit reducing back pressure of 200 mbar can increase turbine
inlet/outlet air pressure ratio P3/P4by 25%.
Therefore, Wtb becomes more than those turbines without such blowers as(T3-T4)
becomes larger, thus this unique Clean Energy Generation System of Heat Pumps, Compressors, & Turbines (HPCT
system)achieves producing net useful electric power. In HPCT system, each air compressor works efficiently to reduce air pressure
at preceding turbine outlet, as it extracts more air from the turbine than the blower mentioned in the ASME paper, because
compressors have higher compression ratio than blowers. Thus, such feature gives higher turbine pressure ratio to each
combination of HPCT system than those turbines without blowers (or compressors)to reduce back pressure at turbine exit.
Therefore, HPCT system of higher turbine air pressure ratio P3/P4achievesproducing more turbine output work, as air temperature
at turbine exit simultaneously drops more whenP3/P4 becomes larger.
Heat pump is an efficient device to move heat from low-temperature source to high-temperature sink, and geothermal heat source is
preferable as it provides steady & warmer heat energy. This ―moved‖ heat is used to heat up the air in wind tunnel to offset the
energy extracted by turbine from HPCT system. Also, HPCT system is fully thermally insulated, thus theoretically being of zero
heat loss, as it works adiabatically. P-V&T-S curves and performance of each combination of HPCT system working cycle are
studied to compare it with actual gas turbine cycle and ideal Brayton cycle. Working examples of HPCT system are presented to
simulate practical applications of HPCT system, and find out virtual net useful output work and energy efficiency.
HPCT system is a ―COLD” Engine of Zero Carbon Emission, works under moderate energy efficiency and with higher energy
density than most existing renewable energy generation systems. More importantly, it is a simply designed system using only
conventional knowledge, and can be made by the existing technology under the least investment risk.
Development of Adaptive Distance Relay for STATCOM Connected 220 KV Transmission Line with Wavelet
Transform and ANN
Ramchandra P. Hasabe and Anil P. Vaidya
Walchand College of Engineering Sangli, Maharashtra, India
Abstract—A new scheme to enhance the solution of the problems associated with Transmission line protection with Statcom
connected is presentedin this paper.Static Synchronous Compensator (STATCOM) is a shunt type FACTS device connected at the
midpoint of the transmission line to maintain the voltage atdesired level by injecting/absorbing the reactive power. This connection
affects the performance of distance protection relay during line faults. Thefault detectionis carried out byusingenergy of the detail
coefficients of the phase signals and artificial neutral network algorithm used for fault distance location for all thetypes of faults for
transmission line. For each type of fault separate neural network is prepared for finding out the fault location.
Piezoelectric Beam Length Optimization for Raindrop Energy Harvesting Application
Chin Hong Wong, Zuraini Dahari, Asrulnizam Abd Manaf and Muhammad Azman Miskam
Universiti Sains Malaysia
Abstract—The vibration energy harvesting from raindrop is an interesting and potential approach for future applications. This article
presents the piezoelectric based beam length optimization for raindrop energy harvesting application. In this work, polyvinylidene
fluoride (PVDF) is selected as piezoelectric material. The characteristics and performances of the beam are experimentally
investigated. It includes investigation on the impact of water droplets with 4.3 mm diameter, released from 0.25 m heights at various
lengths of PVDF beam. The width and thickness of the beam are fixed to 4 mm and 25 Вµm respectively. Results showed that the
optimized length which is 30 mm is possible to generate peak voltage up to 8.5 V.
Analysis on Level of Country and Diffusion of Knowledge in Wind power Field
Dae-hyun Jeong and Young-il Kwon
KISTI, Korea
Abstract—Wind energy, which is a typical green energy, is in the limelight as an energy source to replace conventional fossil fuel. In
this study, information of thesis on the wind energy was used to analyze technical levels by countries, and further verify the relation
between technical levels and technology diffusion by countries and the joint research network. As a result, it was shown that studies
on wind energy had begun around the United States and European countries, and that these countries are taking lead in international
joint researches. Our regression analysis of the relation between technology diffusion and the number of joint researches showed
that the more the number of joint researches was, the more extensively technology diffused. It was, therefore, found out that those
countries, which dominate development of wind energy in advance, are taking lead in development of wind energy technologies.
Using Outage Cost and Pareto principle in Smart Meter Installation Planning: a Case study of PEA in Thailand
Winyou Nimsuwan and Umarin Sangpanich
Faculty of Engineering at Sri Racha, Kasetsart University at Sri Racha campus, Thailand
Abstract—Smart meter is one of the most significant devices for improving the smart grid. It can improve reliability of service by
reducing outage duration of approximately 5 minutes by showing the interruption immediately at a control room. Various policies
for smart meter installation planning in several countries are based on customer types, customer decision, individual and local
conditions, or quantities of annual energy consumption. However, if the outage is affecting a large area of the community,
distributed smart meter installation may not have benefits for an outage restoration procedure. Therefore, a process of smart meter
installation planning for a distribution network is proposed by using outage costs and the Pareto principle. The 20% of smart meter
installation, which invest 44% of all costs, can give 80% of the benefit of smart meter installation at all feeders.
Session 6: E-Learning and Data Mining
Chair: To be added
13 presentations
Time: 4:10pm to 6:30pm
Venue: Forum Room I
An Interaction Prediction Model of Monitoring Node Based on Observational Learning
Haiyan Chen, Bo Sun and Jiandong Wang
College of Computer Science and Technology, Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, China
Abstract—Data acquisition anomalies often occur in remote monitoring. In this paper, a software solution is presented to discover
the abnormal monitoring node and predict the monitored data, rather than using hardware maintenance. Firstly, by analyzing the
distribution characteristics of the monitoring data from each node, the highly correlated nodes of the abnormal node are selected.
Then, an integrated BP neural network is applied to build an observational learning model, which can give interactive predictions for
the abnormal node. To solve the under-fitting problem caused by small samples and improve the generalization performance of the
model, we propose a new observational learning algorithm, in which the weights are calculated using the mean squared error (MSE)
of learners on test set. Experiments conducted on the airport noise data set show that the proposed model has satisfying predictive
ability, and the improved observational learning algorithm is more stable and effective than the traditional observational learning
Establishing Dense Correspondence of High Resolution 3D Faces via Möbius Transformations
Jian Liu, Quan Zhang, and Chaojing Tang
National University of Defense Technology, China
Abstract—The aim of the paper is to establish dense correspondence of high resolution 3D human faces. To achieve the goal, this
paper proposes an automatic method to establish dense correspondence of high resolution 3D human faces via Möbius
Transformations. For high resolution 3D faces, geodesic remeshing is used to reduce the number of vertices. Since the extent of the
3D face data varies from example to example, an ellipse fit method is proposed to extract consistently matching face points. The
facial feature points are located by using texture and shape information of 3D faces. These correspondent facial feature points are
used to generate Möbius transformations and achieve sparse correspondence between 3D faces. TPS (Thin-Plate Spline)
transformation is used to represent the deformation of 3D faces by using controlling points which selected from the sparse
correspondence set. For every vertex of the TPS warped reference 3D face, they are projected into every triangle face of the sample
3D face, then the closest projections are used to define the new mesh vertices of the sample 3D face. The sample 3D face with new
mesh shares the same connectivity with the reference 3D face, thus the dense correspondence between the reference 3D face and the
sample 3D face with new mesh is achieved. The experimental results on BJUT-3D face database show that our method achieves
better performance than existing methods.
Managing Presentation Slides with Reused Elements
Jie ZHANG, Chuan XIAO, Sheng HU, Toyohide WATANABE, and Yoshiharu ISHIKAWA
Nagoya University, Japan
Abstract—Slide presentations have become a ubiquitous tool for business and educational purposes. Instead of starting from scratch,
slide composers tend to make new presentation slides by reusing materials from existing slides. Understanding how slide elements
are copied from one presentation file to another and how presentation files are related to each other are difficult tasks. In this paper,
it is investigated the management of multiple presentation files based on reused slide elements. Techniques are developed to detect
textual and visual elements that have been reused across multiple presentation files. Interactive visualization methods are proposed
to facilitate understanding the process by which these elements are reused and the relationship between the files that use them. A
system with a user-friendly interface is designed, based on which experiments are performed to evaluate the effectiveness of the
proposed methods.
A Data Mining based Approach for Determining the Potential Fishing Zones
Devi Fitrianah, Hisyam Fahmi, Achmad Nizar Hidayanto, and Aniati Murni Arymurthy
Universitas Indonesia
Abstract—The aim of this paper is to analyze the determination of the potential fishing zones based on data mining approach. The
algorithm utilized in this study is AGRID+, a grid density based clustering for high dimensional data. The case study area is in
eastern Indian Ocean located at 16.56 – 2 S and 100.49 – 140 E.
The algorithm is implemented in 7 phases, partitioning,
computing distance threshold, calculating densities, compensating densities, calculating density threshold, clustering and removing
noise. The clustering result is evaluated by the Silhouette index. The results of the study show that the best cluster formed at daily
aggregate temporal with number of cell (m) = 14 and the number of cluster formed was 50 clusters. The constant execution time is
in line with the increasing the value of m.
From three different temporal aggregate, the daily aggregate is running relatively
constant for various m value. To determine the potential fishing zones for different temporal aggregate can be achieved by applying
the thresholding technique to the cluster result. Utilizing the data mining approach yielded a prominent 22 daily clusters identified as
potential fishing zone.
Feature Exploration for Prediction of Potential Tuna Fishing Zones
Devi Fitrianah, Nursidik Heru Praptono, Achmad Nizar Hidayanto, and Aniati Murni Arymurthy
Faculty of Computer Science, Universitas Indonesia
Abstract—Prediction for potential fishing zone is one of the important activities concerning for the tuna fishing exploration,
conservation and management. Accurate prediction will give more efficient in fishing activities. One of the way to predict is the
classification techniques. Currently, as the state of the art, most of the methods utilize the chlorophyll and SST features. However,
there are still other parameters that can be utilized. In this paper, the other parameters are then observed: ocean currents and salinity
feature. First the results shows that, taking a part of ocean currents together with the chlorophyll and SST feature combination gives
the improvement on the prediction. On other hand, this ocean currents feature is then substituted with the salinity, and the result
shows that the combination between salinity, chlorophyll, and SST also increases the result. Finally, the ocean current and salinity
parameters are combined together with chlorophyll and SST parameters and the result was surprising. It is found that the last feature
combination which includes Chlorophyll, SST, Ocean current and salinity gives the highest result in classification (in NaГЇve Bayes
reaches 69.03%, Decision Tree reaches 82.32% and SVM reaches 68.30% of accuracy) compared to the ―baseline‖ feature
combination including only Chlorophyll and SST (in NaГЇve Bayes reaches 57.44%, Decision Tree reaches 58.91% and SVM reaches
56.74% of accuracy). Therefore it is suggested that the proposed feature can be harnessed for the better prediction of potential
fishing zone.
Simulation-based Clinical skill Training to promote Effective Clinical Learning with Simulation Evaluation
Rubrics in Nursing Education
Alice M. L. Li
HKU SPACE, Hong Kong
Abstract—Clinical simulation-based education can create a specific learning environment to ensure healthcare or nursing students to
manage experiential learning by reinforcing their clinical skills through different levels of competency. This educational technology
offers new avenues for supporting nursing students to experience high-fidelity simulation with lived experience on scenario-based
clinical skill training that provides the better ways to support the nursing education. The use of simulation-based training needs to
strengthen up students� clinical skills and practices in a more meaningful learning experience by using my newly inventive
Simulation Evaluation Rubrics (SER). This paper illustrates this newly formed inventive SER by adopting Tanner�s Clinical
Judgment Model, combined with the constructed concept of ‗Knowledge About knowledge� as a basis to specifically designed for
the proposed conceptual model of inventive SER, which is used for capturing the effectiveness of clinical learning by monitoring the
progress and benchmarking of performance outcomes, as well as providing invaluable informative feedback for further
improvements on the students� competencies of nursing practice from the simulation-based clinical skill training.
UML Class Diagrams: Similarity Aspects and Matching
Mojeeb Al-Rhman Ahmed AL-Khiaty and Moataz Ahmed
King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals, Saudi Arabia
Abstract—Model matching is at the core of different model management operations such as model evolution, consolidation, and
retrieval. An accurate identification of the similarity and differences between the elements of the matched models leads to an
accurate model matching, which, in turn, leads to better model management. Software metrics are the software engineer means to
quantify the similarity between the elements of the matched models. In this paper, we empirically validate the use of different
metrics for capturing the similarity and the differences between the elements of two matched UML class diagrams. The paper
empirically investigates the improvement of the similarity assessment of the class diagrams through the weight calibration of
compound metrics. The results, reported based on two case studies, show the superiority of the compound metrics over the
individual metrics.
TH_WSD: Thai Word Sense Disambiguation Using Cross-Language Knowledge Sources Approach
Jaremsri L. Mitrpanont and Premchai Chongcharoen
Mahidol University, Thailand
Abstract—The ambiguity in Thai Word is still a significant issue in translating Thai language to English. This paper presents the
TH_WSD, a framework for Thai word ambiguous resolution using cross-language knowledge sources of AsianWordNet (AWN) and
PrincetonWordNet (PWN) for lexical and word sense explorers. A semi-automated Thai WSD approach for non-specific domain
using four disambiguation techniques, word forms, and even window sizes is proposed. The disambiguation techniques include path,
vector, vector_pair and lesk. The 250 context words from four target words group which are วัด (wat), หัว (hua), เก็บ (kep) and เกาะ
(koh) from bi-text corpora of SEAlang and Concordance are studied.
The experimental results show that using AWN with vector
technique and PWN with path technique provides better accuracy. However, for Thai WSD included time consideration, the vector
technique with AWN at five window size is suitable.
Exploring the Usage of Existing Plagiarism tools for Automated Student Assessment for Java Program
Sonal Jain, Mayuri Singhal and Axita Shah
JK Lakshmipat University, India
Abstract—To be added
The Design of a Rule Base for an e-Learning Recommendation System Base on Multiple Intelligences
Thongchai Kaewkiriya, Nattavee Utrakit, and Monchai Tiantong
Thai-Nichi Institute of Technology, Thailand
Abstract—The problem of e-Learning systems, learners are given learning contents that do not match individual aptitudes.This paper
aims to design a rule base for recommendations focusing on e-Learning and learning profiles which are based on multiple
intelligences. Design of the rule base was divided into four sections as follows. The first section covered a survey of the variables.
Second section was creation of the questionnaire. Third section was a survey of the student sample groups. The last section was an
analysis of data generated from the results of the survey. The process of selection for the rule base was undertaken by comparing the
performance of the following algorithms 1) ID3 algorithm 2) C4.5 algorithm 3) NBTree algorithm 4) NaГЇve Bayes algorithm 5)
Bayes Net algorithm. The C4.5 algorithm had the highest percentage of prediction. Percentage of prediction from the C4.5 algorithm
equaled 83.436%.
Monitoring and Notification System Based on Risk Analysis Using Map-Reduce Framework
Yoondeuk Seo and Jinho Ahn
Kyonggi University, South Korea
Abstract—This paper presents a monitoring and notification system based on risk analysis using map-reduce framework that can do
risk prediction using big data. By using social media and access records of their users, the proposed system determines their risks.
Also, it monitors the restricted area through setting them and notifies the administrator as soon as the intrusions are detected. So, it
will provide a control situation for administrator in real time and can detect the risky moments that may occur in advance. Therefore
it can reduce the probability of risk of security penetration. Also, since it receives the control situation and provides real-time control
screen via smartphone, it is possible to improve the convenience of intrusion management in a very fast and effective way.
Comparative Analysis of Vocal Characteristics in Speakers with Depression and High-Risk Suicide
Thaweesak Yingthawornsuk and Thaweewong Akkaralaertsest
King Mongkut�s University of Technology Thonburi - Bangkuntien Campus, Thailand
Abstract—Evaluation of speakers who are high-risk suicidal compared to those with less clinical depression are critical when the
syndrome underlying a patient�s abnormal behaviour is diagnosed without expertise. This study describes a way to classify the
speech samples collected from groups of depressive and suicidal speakers by employing the speech processing technique in data
analysis. First, the Glottal Spectral Slope (GSS) and Mel-Frequency Cepstral Coefficients (MFCC) were computationally estimated
from the voiced segments detected from the categorized speech sample database. Second, the pairwise classification was then made
on the combination of those extracted vocal features respectively corresponding to the frequency response of the source and the
filter in speech production system model.
The procedure of this research was carried out in order to investigate the discriminative property of the focused vocal parameters
mainly between depressed speakers and high-risk suicidal speaker groups. The result revealed that MFCC and GSS parameters are
slightly high effective in term of vocal indicator corresponding to severe depression with fairly high performance in between-group
A Preliminary Study of Students� Attitude on M-Learning: An Application of Technology Acceptance Model
Afzaal H. Seyal, Noah, Abd Rahman, Rudy Ramlie, and Armanadurni Abdul Rahman
Abstract—Seventy-five students had been selected randomly from an institution of higher learning to predict their behavioral
intentions towards using the m-learning. The study uses standard instrument to capture students� responses on the three basic
constructs of technology acceptance model (TAM) that includes perceived usefulness (PU), perceived ease of use (PEOU) and
attitude. Then data were analyzed through Smart-PLS in order to find out if PU remains the significant determinant of the attitude
that in turn predicts the behavioral intention of using the m-learning technology. This model has moderate explanatory power with
38% of the variance in behavioral intention is from the attitude of the students. Based upon the conclusion, some pedagogical
recommendations have been made for the relevant authorities.
п‚І Tips:
The best paper will be selected after each session and the certificate will be awarded
by the chair. Good Luck!
Saturday Evening, Nov. 8
6:30 pm to 8:30 pm--Dinner
CafГ© Concourse on C floor
п‚І Tips: The Dinner will start at 6:30pm. Please kindly attend on time with bringing the Dinner Coupon.
Sunday, Nov. 9
One Day Tour in Hong Kong
For free for all the authors and listeners
The Simple Route: Stanley—Victoria Peak—Repulse Bay
The travel agency will pick you up from our conference hotel around 8:00am.
The excursion will start from driving you to Stanley.
Stanley is a town and a tourist attraction in Hong Kong. It located on a peninsula on the southeastern part of Hong Kong
Island. It is east of Repulse Bay and west of Shek O, adjacent to Chung Hom Kok. Administratively, it is part of the Southern
The Chinese name "Chek Chue" refers to the original village-town but "Stanley" generally refers to all the surrounding areas
of the peninsula.
After tripping round Stanley, the tour bus will drive you to The Victoria Peak, which is a mountain in Hong Kong known as
Mount Austin, and locally as The Peak. The mountain is located in the western half of Hong Kong Island. With an altitude of
552 m (1, 811 ft), it is the highest mountain on the island proper, but not in the entirety of Hong Kong, an honour which
belongs to Tai Mo Shan.
The actual summit of Victoria Peak is occupied by a radio telecommunications facility and is closed to the public. However,
the surrounding area of public parks and high-value residential land is the area that is normally meant by the name The Peak.
It is a major tourist attraction which offers views over Central, Victoria Harbour, and the surrounding islands.
Then we are going to The Repulse Bay. It is located in the south of Hong Kong Island, to the east of Deep Water Bay and to
the west of Middle Bay and South Bay. Middle Island, Hong Kong is located off Hong Kong Island, between Repulse Bay
and Deep Water Bay.
Please identify the one day tour when you register for the conference, if you are interested in it.
Please contact the conference secretary if you have any questions.
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Did you gain any helpful skills
How was the format of the meeting in terms of
lunch, coffee breaks?
Overall, how were the conference facilities
How was the reception you received at the
How was the venue
List other locations where you think future meeting
should be held
Why did you choose that venue?
Generally, how was the whole experience at the
meeting, and given another chance would you attend
or recommend next year's conference?
Comments and Suggestions
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