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Week 1: August 26-28

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SOC115
Deviance and Social Control
Dr. Leora Lawton
Fall 2009
MWF 2:00 PM
2060 VALLEY LSB
1
Functionalism Recap
•
Durkheim
– Nothing is pathological, it’s all relative
– Deviance is normal and common so it must serve a purpose
•
Kingsley Davis
– Deviance may be consensual
– Institutions benefit from deviance, control it, and thus sustain it.
•
Kai Erikson
– It defines borders of society and communities (and class)
– Deviance is maintained through:
• Deviance-defining rituals
• Self-fulfilling prophecy
• Reinforced by social control agents
•
Melvin Tumin
– There’s negative functions as well. Not all benefit.
– Deviance implies value judgments.
– Evidence for functionalism on a societal level is weak and/or inconsistent.
2
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