8-1.3: Summarize the history of English
settlement in New England, the MidAtlantic, and the South, with an
emphasis on South Carolina as an
example of a distinctly
South Carolina was founded as a
proprietary colony when the king (Charles
II) granted land to the eight Lords
Proprietors in payment of debt
 Ex: Pennsylvania
 The proprietors hoped to make a profit by
charging settlers a quitrent on the land.
 The proprietors commissioned John Locke
to write the Fundamental Constitutions of
A document that included policies, such
as religious toleration design that attract
 The fundamental constitution included
provisions for establishing a social class
system based on the granting of titles to
large land holders
 Intended to make Carolina a society
based on deference to the elites
In order to encourage immigration, the
proprietors granted large tracts of land
to settlers through the headright system,
just as in VA
 The headright system led to the
establishment of large plantations based
on cash crops that made South Carolina
a distinctly southern colony
 Ex: Maryland, South Carolina, North
Carolina, and Georgia
The first SC settlers were Englishmen who
emigrated from the British colony of
Barbados and brought a well-developed
slave system with them.
 Slavery made the plantation owners very
 Other settlers attracted to the
prosperous Carolina colony came from
France, Switzerland, Germany, Scotland
and Ireland
Assured of religious choices by the
Fundamental Constitution settlers came
from diverse religious backgrounds
Fertile land
Mild climate
Many waterways
The Lords Proprietor controlled the
government through a governor and
grand council which included,
representatives of the Proprietors the
Carolina Elite, and a smaller
representation of the common people of
the colony
 The Carolina colony had some degree
of democracy from the beginning