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日本語 (568KB) - BNYメロン・アセット・マネジメント・ジャパン株式会社

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㛵ಀ⪅㝈
2014 ᖺ 9 ᭶ 15 ᪥
㐠⏝ពᛮỴᐃ࡟࠾ࡅࡿᆅᨻᏛⓗࣜࢫࢡࡢ⟶⌮
せ᪨
2014 ᖺ⌧ᅾࠊ㔠⼥ᕷሙ࡟࠾࠸࡚ᆅᨻᏛⓗࣜࢫࢡ࡟ᑐࡍࡿ㆙ᡄࡀ㧗ࡲࡾࢆぢࡏ࡚࠸ࡲࡍࠋࡑࡋ࡚ࠊ
ࡑࢀ࡟ࡣṇᙜ࡞⌮⏤ࡀ࠶ࡾࡲࡍࠋ⤒῭ぢ㏻ࡋࡸ㐠⏝࣏࣮ࢺࣇ࢛ࣜ࢜ࢆ▷ᮇ㛫ࡢ࠺ࡕ࡟ᦂࡿࡀࡍ
せᅉ࡜ࡋ࡚ࠊᆅᨻᏛⓗ࡞ၥ㢟ࡢⓎ⏕࡟຾ࡿࡶࡢࡣᏑᅾࡋ࡞࠸ࡶྠ↛࡞ࡢ࡛ࡍࠋ
෭ᡓᚋࡢᖾ⚟࡞ୡ⏺ࡣࠊ9࣭11 ୡ⏺ྠ᫬ከⓎࢸࣟࡢṧ㧁ࠊ࢖ࣛࢡࡢ◁₍ࠊࢩࣜ࢔ࡢ῱㇂ࠊ࢔ࣇ
࢞ࢽࢫࢱࣥࡢᒣᓅᆅᖏࠊ࢘ࢡࣛ࢖ࢼࡢᖹཎࠊࡑࡋ࡚ᮾ࢔ࢪ࢔ࡢᾏࡢ୰࡟ᾘ⁛ࡋࡲࡋࡓࠋ⡿ᅜࡣ
ୡ⏺࡛୺ᑟⓗᙺ๭ࢆᯝࡓࡍࡇ࡜࡟ᑐࡋ࡚ᾘᴟⓗ࡟࡞ࡾࡘࡘ࠶ࡿࡼ࠺࡟ࡶぢ࠼ࠊࡇ࠺ࡋࡓ⫼ᬒࡢ
ୗࠊᨭ㓄ຊࡢᙉ໬ࡸ㡿ᅵࡢᣑ኱ࡲ࡛ࢆࡶ㏣ồࡍࡿໃຊࡀ」ᩘฟ⌧ࡋ࡚࠸ࡲࡍࠋୡ⏺ࡢᆅᨻᏛⓗ
⛛ᗎࡣࠊࡲࡓ᪂ࡓ࡞኱つᶍ࡞෌⦅ᡂࡢ┿ࡗࡓࡔ୰࡟࠶ࡿࡼ࠺࡛ࠊࡇࢀࡀ࡝ࡢࡼ࠺࡟╔ᆅࡍࡿࡢ
࠿ࠊ2014 ᖺࡢ᫬Ⅼ࡛᫂☜࡟ࡣࢃ࠿ࡾࡲࡏࢇࠋ
ྂࡃ࠿ࡽ⧞ࡾ㏉ࡋⓎ⏕ࡋ࡚࠸ࡿ࢖ࢹ࢜ࣟࢠ࣮ࠊẸ᪘ࠊ㒊᪘ࠊ᐀ᩍ㛫ࡢ៮ᝏࡀࠊࢱ࢖࣒࢝ࣉࢭࣝ
࠿ࡽゎࡁᨺࡓࢀࡲࡋࡓࠋ୰ᮾ࠾ࡼࡧᮾ࢔ࢪ࢔࡛ࡣࠊ኱᫇ࡢቃ⏺⥺ࢆ෌ࡧ୺ᙇࡍࡿேࠎࡀ⌧ࢀࡲ
ࡋࡓࠋࡲࡓࠊḢ⡿ࡢ⮬⏤Ẹ୺୺⩏ࡢඃ఩ᛶࡀ⬣࠿ࡉࢀ࡚࠸ࡲࡍࠋࡉࡽ࡟ࠊࢭ࢟ࣗࣜࢸ࢕୙Ᏻࡸࠊ
᪂ࡓ࡞ࢸࢡࣀࣟࢪ࣮࡜ࣅࢵࢢࢹ࣮ࢱᢏ⾡ࡢ㐍Ṍ࡟ࡼࡾࠊࣉࣛ࢖ࣂࢩ࣮౵ᐖࡢᠱᛕࡀ㧗ࡲࡗ࡚࠸
ࡲࡍࠋ
ᆅᨻᏛⓗࣜࢫࢡࢆぢᐃࡵࠊࡲࡓࡑ࠺ࡋࡓࣜࢫࢡ࡟ᑐฎࡍࡿࡓࡵࡢࠊ⤯ᑐⓗ࡞᪉ἲࡣ࠶ࡾࡲࡏࢇࠋ
㑅ᣲࡢ⤖ᯝࡀࢧࣉࣛ࢖ࢬ࡜࡞ࡿࡇ࡜ࡣከࡃ࠶ࡾࡲࡍࡀࠊ㑅ᣲᚋࡢᨻ⟇Ỵᐃࡀࢧࣉࣛ࢖ࢬ࡜࡞ࡿ
ࡇ࡜ࡶྠᵝ࡟࠶ࡾࡲࡍࠋࡲࡓࠊࢡ࣮ࢹࢱ࣮ࡸⅆ⅏ࠊࣁࣜࢣ࣮ࣥࠊࢧ࢖ࢡࣟࣥࠊ❳ᕳࠊᆅ㟈ࡣண
࿌࡞ࡋ࡟ࣛࣥࢲ࣒࡟Ⓨ⏕ࡋࡲࡍࠋࡉࡽ࡟ࠊ72 ൨ேࡀᒃఫࡍࡿୡ⏺࡟࠾࠸࡚ࠊ㝈ࡾ࡞ࡃᚤᑠ࡞ໃ
ຊࡀၥ㢟ࡢゎỴࢆ≺ࡗ࡚ปᝏ࡞ࢸࣟ⾜Ⅽ࡟ッ࠼ࡿࡇ࡜ࡶ࠶ࡾᚓࡲࡍࠋ21 ୡ⣖ࡢᡓሙࡣࡍ࡛࡟ࢧ
࢖ࣂ࣮✵㛫࡟ࡲ࡛ᣑ኱ࡋ࡚࠸ࡲࡍࠋ኱ᅜ㛫ࡢ㥑ࡅᘬࡁࡣ᪥ᖖ໬ࡋࠊ෭ᡓ᫬௦ࡀ᝿㉳ࡉࢀࡲࡍࠋ
ࡑࡋ࡚ࠊࡇ࠺ࡋࡓ ࠕṇᘧ࡞౵␎ࠖ࡟ຍ࠼ࠊᝏᚨ࡞ࣁࢵ࣮࢝ࡀ㞴ゎ࡞ᬯྕࡢゎㄞ࡟ᣮࡳࠊࡲࡓ≢
⨥⤌⧊ࡀ୙ṇ฼┈ࢆồࡵ࡚άືࡋ࡚࠸ࡲࡍࠋࢱ࣮ࢤࢵࢺࠊ࣮࣒࣍ࢹ࣏ࠊ୍㒊ࡢ㖟⾜ࢆࡣࡌࡵࠊ
ከࡃࡢ௻ᴗࡀࢩࢫࢸ࣒୙ṇ౵ධࡢ⿕ᐖࢆཷࡅ࡚࠸ࡲࡍࠋ
ᮏ✏࡛ࡣᆅᨻᏛⓗࣜࢫࢡࢆᖜᗈࡃᐃ⩏ࡋࠊ⌧ᅾࡢᆅᨻᏛⓗࣜࢫࢡࢆᡓ␎ⓗ࡟ศ㢮ࡋࠊᆅᨻᏛⓗ
ࣜࢫࢡࢆ㋃ࡲ࠼ࡓୖ࡛ࡢ㐠⏝ពᛮỴᐃ࡟ࡘ࠸࡚ᥦゝࡋࡲࡍࠋ
1
㛵ಀ⪅㝈
࢖ࣥࢺࣟࢲࢡࢩࣙࣥ
⡿ᅜࡢ೧኱࡞࣮ࣘࣔ࢔సᐙࠊ࣐࣮ࢡ࣭ࢺ࢙࢘࢖ࣥࡶࠊᆅᨻᏛⓗ࡞ၥ㢟ࡀⓎ⏕ࡍࡿࢱ࢖࣑ࣥࢢ࡟
ࡘ࠸࡚ࡣ㛫㐪ࡗࡓゝⴥࢆṧࡋ࡚࠸ࡲࡍࠋ11 ᖺࡢ୰࡛᭱ᝏࡢࢱ࢖࣑ࣥࢢࡣࠊᐇ㝿࡟Ꮡᅾࡋࡲࡍࠋ
ࡑࢀࡣ 7 ᭶࠿ࡽ 9 ᭶࡟࠿ࡅ࡚࡛ࡍࠋ2
2014 ᖺ➨ 3 ᅄ༙ᮇࡶࡇࡢᏘ⠇ᛶࡢ౛እ࡜ࡣ࡞ࡽࡎࠊ࢝ࣜࣇᅜᐙ࡛࠶ࡿࠕ࢖ࢫ࣒ࣛᅜࠖࡀ▷ᮇ㛫
ࡢ࠺ࡕ࡟࢖ࣛࢡ㡿ᅵࡢᗈ⠊ᅖࢆไᅽࡋࠊ␗ᩍᚐࡢ᰿⤯ࢆッ࠼ࡲࡋࡓࠋࣃࣞࢫࢳࢼᬻᐃ⮬἞༊ࡢ
࢞ࢨᆅ༊࡛ࡣࣁ࣐ࢫ࡜࢖ࢫ࢚ࣛࣝࡢ㛫ࡢ೵ᡓࡀࡓࡧࡓࡧ◚ࡽࢀࠊᝒ๻ⓗ࡞⣮தࡀ㛗ᘬ࠸࡚࠸ࡲ
ࡍࠋ࢘ࢡࣛ࢖ࢼᅜෆࡢࣟࢩ࢔ேศ㞳୺⩏ໃຊ࡟ᑐࡍࡿࠕே㐨ⓗᨭ᥼ࠖ࡜࠸࠺ྡ┠࡛ࣟࢩ࢔㌷ࡀ
㞟⤖ࡋࠊࡑࡢᚋ࢘ࢡࣛ࢖ࢼᅜቃࢆ㉺࠼࡚౵ᨷࡋࡓࡇ࡜࠿ࡽࠊࣟࢩ࢔࡜Ḣ⡿ㅖᅜࡢ㛵ಀࡣᝏ໬ࢆ
⥆ࡅࡲࡋࡓࠋไ⿢ྜᡓࡣ㐣⇕ࡋࠊࣟࢩ࢔ࡣḢ⡿ࡢ⯟✵఍♫࡟ᑐࡋ࡚㡿✵ࡢ㣕⾜⚗Ṇࢆ᳨ウࡋ࡚
࠸ࡲࡍࠋ࢖ࣛࣥࡢ᰾㛤Ⓨࠊ໭ᮅ㩭ࡢ⾜ື࡜ᛮᝨࠊ࠾ࡼࡧᮾ࢔ࢪ࢔ᾏᇦ࡟࠾ࡅࡿ㡿ᅵၥ㢟ࡣࠊᅜ
㝿♫఍࡟࠾࠸࡚ᘬࡁ⥆ࡁᝎࡳࡢ✀࡜࡞ࡗ࡚࠸ࡲࡍࠋࢫࢥࢵࢺࣛࣥࢻ࡛ࡣⱥᅜ࠿ࡽࡢ⊂❧ࡀ᳨ウ
ࡉࢀࡿ࡟⮳ࡾࡲࡋࡓࠋ࢔ࣇ࡛ࣜ࢝ࡣ࢚࣎ࣛ࢘࢕ࣝࢫࡢឤᰁᅜࡀᣑ኱ࡋࠊࣃࣥࢹ࣑ࢵࢡ㸦ୡ⏺ⓗ
ὶ⾜㸧ࡢᜍࢀࡶฟ࡚࠸ࡲࡍࠋࡑࡋ࡚ᩛࡶ࿡᪉ࡶࡑࢁࡗ࡚⤯࠼㛫࡞ࡃ࢖ࣥࢱ࣮ࢿࢵࢺୖࢆᕠᅇࡋࠊ
᪂ࡓ࡞⬤ᙅᛶࢆ᥈ࡋ࡚࠸ࡲࡍࠋ
ࡇ࠺ࡋࡓᅔ㞴࡞≧ἣࡢከࡃࡣࠊゎỴ࡟᫬㛫ࢆせࡍࡿ࡛ࡋࡻ࠺ࠋᡃࠎࡣࠊࡇࡢ୍㐃ࡢᆅᨻᏛୖࡢ
ၥ㢟ࡀ௒ᚋᩘ࢝᭶࠶ࡿ࠸ࡣᩘᖺ࡟ࡶࢃࡓࡾᕷሙ࡟⇺ࡾ⥆ࡅࡿ࡜⪃࠼࡚࠸ࡲࡍࠋ
ᆅᨻᏛⓗࣜࢫࢡࡢṔྐࢆ᣺ࡾ㏉ࡿ
ᆅᨻᏛⓗ஦㇟࡜࠸࠺ࡢࡣࡑࡢᛶ㉁ୖࠊከࡃࡢሙྜࠊ✺↛࠿ࡘணᮇࡏࡎ㉳ࡇࡾࡲࡍࠋᢞ㈨ᐙࡣࡶ
ࡕࢁࢇࡢࡇ࡜እ஺ᐁࡢ୰࡟ࡶࠊ➨୍ḟୡ⏺኱ᡓࢆ┠๓࡟᥍࠼ࡓ 1914 ᖺ 7 ᭶ࡢ᫬Ⅼ࡛ࠊࢃࡎ࠿
ᩘᖺࡢ࠺ࡕ࡟ࣟࢩ࢔ࠊࢻ࢖ࢶࠊ࣮࢜ࢫࢺࣜ࢔࣭ࣁ࣮ࣥ࢞ࣜࠊ࠾ࡼࡧ࢜ࢫ࣐࣭ࣥࢺࣝࢥ࡟࠾࠸࡚
ྩ୺ไࡀ⤊↉ࢆ㏄࠼ࡿࡇ࡜ࢆண᝿ࡋࡓேࡣ࡯࡜ࢇ࡝࠸࡞࠿ࡗࡓ࡛ࡋࡻ࠺ࠋ
᪤Ꮡࡢࠕୡ⏺⛛ᗎࠖ࡜࠸࠺ࡢࡣ࠸ࡎࢀ࡟ࡏࡼ₍↛࡜ࡋࡓᴫᛕ࡛ࡍࡀࠊࡇࡢୡ⏺⛛ᗎࡣ୍⯡࡟⪃
࠼ࡽࢀ࡚࠸ࡿࡼࡾࡶ⬤ᙅ࡛࠶ࡿࡇ࡜ࡀุ᫂ࡋ࡚࠸ࡲࡍࠋᆅᨻᏛୖࡢ஦௳ࢆᘬࡁ㉳ࡇࡍࡢࡣ኱つ
ᶍ࡞㌷㝲࡛࠶ࡿᚲせࡣ࠶ࡾࡲࡏࢇࠋಶேࡸᑡேᩘࡢࢢ࣮ࣝࣉࡶࠊᬯẅࡸࢡ࣮ࢹࢱ࣮࡟ࡼࡗ࡚Ṕ
ྐࢆኚ࠼ࡿࡼ࠺࡞ኚ໬ࢆࡶࡓࡽࡍࡇ࡜ࡀྍ⬟࡛ࡍࠋ3
㈨ᮏᕷሙࡣࠊ㏆᥋ࡋ࡚┦஫࡟㛵㐃ࡋࡓୡ⏺࡟Ꮡᅾࡋ࡚࠸ࡿ࡟ࡶ࠿࠿ࢃࡽࡎࠊᆅᨻᏛⓗࣜࢫࢡ࡟
㛵ࡋ࡚ࡲࡗࡓࡃ↓㛵ᚰ࡛࠶ࡿࡼ࠺࡟ࡶぢ࠼ࡿࡇ࡜ࡀከࡃ࠶ࡾࡲࡍࠋ࠶ࡾࡀࡕ࡞ᆅᨻᏛୖࡢၥ㢟
ࡀ㈨ᮏᕷሙࢆᗄᗘ࡜࡞ࡃ኱ΰ஘࡟㝗ࢀࡿ࡜࠸࠺≧ἣࡣࠊ⌮ゎࡋࡀࡓ࠸ࡶࡢ࡛ࡍࠋ2001 ᖺ 9 ᭶
11 ᪥ࡢྠ᫬ከⓎࢸࣟ࡟ࡣㄡࡶࡀ㦫࠿ࡉࢀࡲࡋࡓࡀࠊ1996 ᖺ࡜ 1998 ᖺ࡟ࡣࢱࣜࣂࣥࡢᨭ㓄ᆅᇦ
࡛άືࡍࡿ࢖ࢫ࣒ࣛ㐣⃭ὴࡀḢ⡿ㅖᅜࢆᨷᧁࡍࡿពᛮࢆ⾲᫂ࡋ࡚࠾ࡾࠊᑓ㛛ᐙࡣఱࡽ࠿ࡢᨷᧁ
ࢆண ࡋ࡚࠸ࡲࡋࡓࠋ౛࠼ࡤࠊࠗࣇ࢛࣮࣭ࣜࣥ࢔ࣇ࢙࢔࣮ࢬ࠘1999 ᖺ 11/12 ᭶ྕࡢ⾲⣬࡟ࡣࠊ
1
ࠕ10 ᭶ࠋᰴ࡟ᢞ㈨ࡍࡿ࡟ࡣ᭱ࡶ༴㝤࡞᭶ࡢ୍ࡘࡔࠋࡑࢀ௨እࡢ༴㝤࡞᭶࡜ࡋ࡚ࠊ7 ᭶ࠊ1 ᭶ࠊ9 ᭶ࠊ4 ᭶ࠊ11 ᭶ࠊ5 ᭶ࠊ3 ᭶ࠊ6 ᭶ࠊ12 ᭶ࠊ
8 ᭶ࠊ2 ᭶ࡀ࠶ࡿࠋ࣐࣮ࠖࢡ࣭ࢺ࢙࢘࢖ࣥ
2
20 ୡ⣖ࡢ౛࡛ࡣࠊ➨୍ḟୡ⏺኱ᡓຨⓎ㸦1914 ᖺ 8 ᭶ୖ᪪㸧ࠊḢᕞ࡛➨஧ḟୡ⏺኱ᡓຨⓎ㸦1939 ᖺ 9 ᭶ 1 ᪥㸧ࠊᮅ㩭ᡓதຨⓎ㸦1950 ᖺ 6 ᭶
25 ᪥㸦࡯ࡰ 7 ᭶㸧㸧ࠊ࢖ࣛࢡ࡟ࡼࡿࢡ࢙࣮࢘ࢺ౵ᨷ㸦1990 ᖺ 8 ᭶ 1 ᪥㸧ࠊ࣎ࣜࢫ࣭࢚ࣜࢶ࢕ࣥࡀᪧࢯ㐃ࡢࢡ࣮ࢹࢱ࣮ࢆไṆ㸦1991 ᖺ 8 ᭶㸧ࠊ
࢔ࢪ࢔㔠⼥༴ᶵࡢᖥ㛤ࡅ㸦‽ᆅᨻᏛⓗࣜࢫࢡ஦㇟㸧㸦1997 ᖺ 7 ᭶ୖ᪪㸧ࠊࢡࣜࣥࢺࣥ኱⤫㡿ࡢಶேⓗ⾜Ⅽ࡟㛵ࡍࡿࢫ࢟ࣕࣥࢲࣝࡀᨻᶒࡢ༴ᶵ
࡟Ⓨᒎࠊࣟࢩ࢔ࡢ㏻㈌ᭀⴠ࡜മົ୙ᒚ⾜ࠊLTCM ◚⥢㸦࠸ࡎࢀࡶ 1998 ᖺ 8 ᭶㸧ࠋ
3
1914 ᖺ 6 ᭶ 28 ᪥ࡢࣦ࣭࢞ࣜࣟࣉࣜࣥࢶ࢕ࣉ࡟ࡼࡿࣇࣛࣥࢶ࣭ࣇ࢙ࣝࢹ࢕ࢼࣥࢺ኱බኵጔࡢᬯẅࡀࠊ➨୍ḟୡ⏺኱ᡓࡢᘬࡁ㔠࡜࡞ࡾࡲࡋࡓࠋ
2
㛵ಀ⪅㝈
࢔ࣁ࣓ࢻ࣭ࣛࢩࢵࢻࠕ୰ኸ࢔ࢪ࢔ࢆᦂࡿࡀࡍࢱࣜࣂ࣮ࣥࡢṇయࠖࠊࢪࣙࢼ࣮࣭ࣈࣛࣥࢡࠕ⤊ࢃ
ࡾ࡞ࡁ࢝ࢩ࣑࣮ࣝ⣮தࡢᮏ㉁ࠖ࡜࠸࠺஧ࡘࡢグ஦ࡢࢱ࢖ࢺࣝࡀᥖ㍕ࡉࢀ࡚࠸ࡲࡋࡓࠋࡲࡓྠ
2004 ᖺ 11/12 ᭶ྕࡢ୰࡛ࠊ࣐࣮ࢩ࣭ࣕࣝࢦ࣮ࣝࢻ࣐ࣥࡣࠕࣉ࣮ࢳࣥࡢᶒຊᤸᥱࠖ㸦”Putin’s
Power Grab”㸧࡟ࡘ࠸࡚ඛぢᛶࡢ࠶ࡿពぢࢆ㏙࡭࡚࠸ࡲࡍࠋ
ᆅᨻᏛⓗࣜࢫࢡࡢᴫᛕࡣᩘ༓ᖺࡶ๓࠿ࡽᏑᅾࡋࠊࡉࡲࡊࡲ࡞⏝ㄒ࡛࿧ࡤࢀ࡚ࡁࡲࡋࡓࠋྂ௦ࢠ
ࣜࢩ࡛ࣕࡣࠊᆅ୰ᾏၟேࡣࡉࡲࡊࡲ࡞㒔ᕷᅜᐙ㛫࡛ࡢ㈠᫆ࡢࣜࢫࢡ࡟⢭㏻ࡋ࡚࠸ࡓࡇ࡜࡛ࡋࡻ
࠺ࠋ13 ୡ⣖࡟ࡣࠊ࣐ࣝࢥ࣭࣏࣮ࣟ࡜ࡑࡢෑ㝤ዲࡁ࡞ᐙ᪘ࡓࡕࡣࠊ᭷ྡ࡞ࢩࣝࢡ࣮ࣟࢻࡢၟேࡓ
ࡕࡢ⦾ᰤࡀሙᡤ࡟ࡼࡗ࡚␗࡞ࡿࡇ࡜ࢆ▱ࡗ࡚࠸ࡲࡋࡓࠋ౛࠼ࡤࠊ⌧ᅾࡢ࢘ࢬ࣋࢟ࢫࢱࣥ࡟఩⨨
ࡍࡿࣈࣁࣛࡸࢧ࣐ࣝ࢝ࣥࢻ࡟࠾ࡅࡿྲྀᘬ័⾜ࡣࠊᆅᇦࡢᶒຊ⪅࡟ࡼࡗ࡚Ỵᐃࡉࢀ࡚࠸ࡲࡋࡓࠋ
࢔ࢲ࣒࣭ࢫ࣑ࢫࡀ 1776 ᖺ࡟ࠗㅖᅜẸࡢᐩ࠘ࡢ୰࡛ࡲ࡜ࡵࡓࡼ࠺࡟ࠊ⤒῭Ꮫ⪅ࡣ㛗ᖺࠊ⦾ᰤࢆ
ࡶࡓࡽࡍᨻ⟇ࢆ᥈ࡋồࡵ࡚ࡁࡲࡋࡓࠋࡑࡢఏ⤫ࢆཷࡅ⥅ࡂࠊ⤒῭Ꮫ⪅ࡢ㛫࡛ࡣ㐣ཤ 3 ୡ⣖࡟ࢃ
ࡓࡾẚ㍑⤒῭ᏛࡀᏛၥศ㔝ࡢ୰ᚰࢆ༨ࡵ࡚࠸ࡲࡋࡓࠋ4
200 ᖺ࡯࡝๓ࠊḢᕞࡢ㈨ᮏࡣᆅᨻᏛⓗࣜࢫࢡࢆ㈇࠸ࠊ⡿ᅜ࡟࠾࠸࡚㐠Ἑࡸ㕲㐨࡞࡝ࡢ 19 ୡ⣖ࡢ
࢖ࣥࣇࣛࡢ୍㒊ࡢᩚഛࢆᨭ᥼ࡋࠊࡲࡓ୰༡⡿ࡸ࢔ࢪ࢔ࡢ୍㒊࡛ࡶྠᵝࡢྲྀࡾ⤌ࡳࢆ⾜࠸ࡲࡋࡓࠋ
ࡑࡋ࡚⤒῭Ꮫ⪅ࡓࡕࡣᐃᮇⓗ࡟ࠊᨻ἞ࡢ⯙ྎ࡟┤᥋Ⓩሙࡋ࡚ࡁࡲࡋࡓࠋ࠾ࡑࡽࡃ᭱ࡶ᭷ྡ࡞౛
ࡀࢪ࣭࣓ࣙࣥ࢖ࢼ࣮ࢻ࣭ࢣ࢖ࣥࢬ࡛ࠊ1919 ᖺࡢࣃࣜㅮ࿴఍㆟ࢆ③Ⅿ࡟ᢈุࡋ࡚ࠗᖹ࿴ࡢ⤒῭ⓗ
ᖐ⤖࠘ࢆⓎ⾲ࡋࡲࡋࡓࠋ
9࣭11 ࡢྠ᫬ከⓎࢸࣟ௨㝆ࠊࠕᆅᨻᏛⓗࣜࢫࢡࠖ࡜࠸࠺ゝⴥࡀከࡃࡢேࡢཱྀ࠿ࡽⓎࡏࡽࢀࡿࡼ
࠺࡟࡞ࡾࡲࡋࡓࠋᆅᨻᏛⓗࣜࢫࢡ࡜࠸࠺ゝⴥࡣඖࠎࠊᅜ㝿㛵ಀ࡟࠾ࡅࡿᆅ⌮ࡢᙺ๭ࢆ⪃࠼ࡿࡓ
ࡵ࡟ࢫ࢙࣮࢘ࢹࣥࡢᨻ἞Ꮫ⪅ࣝࢻࣝࣇ࣭ࢳ࢙࣮ࣞࣥࡀ 1916 ᖺ࡟సࡾฟࡋࡓࡶࡢ࡛ࡍࠋࡑࡋ࡚
21 ୡ⣖ึ㢌࡟ࡣࠊࡇࡢゝⴥࡢព࿡ࡀ᫂ࡽ࠿࡟㈨ᮏᕷሙ㛵ಀ⪅ࡢ㛫࡛ᣑ኱ࡋࠊ㑅ᣲࡸᨻ⟇Ỵᐃ࡞
࡝ᅜෆࡢᨻ἞࢖࣋ࣥࢺࡸࠊSARS ࡸ࢚࣎ࣛฟ⾑⇕࡞࡝ࡢ೺ᗣ༴ᶵࠊࡲࡓࡣࣁࣜࢣ࣮ࣥࡸᆅ㟈࡜
࠸ࡗࡓ⮬↛⅏ᐖࡲ࡛ࡀᆅᨻᏛⓗࣜࢫࢡ࡜࿧ࡤࢀࡿࡼ࠺࡟࡞ࡾࡲࡋࡓࠋ⮬↛⅏ᐖ࡟ᑐࡍࡿᨻ⟇ᑐ
ᛂ࡟ࡼࡗ࡚ࠊ⅏ᐖࡢవἼࡀᝏ໬㸦ࢽ࣮࣮ࣗ࢜ࣜࣥࢬࡢࣁࣜࢣ࣮࣭ࣥ࢝ࢺ࣮ࣜࢼࡸ᪥ᮏࡢ⚟ᓥཎ
Ⓨ஦ᨾ㸧ࡍࡿࡇ࡜ࡶ࠶ࢀࡤࠊ㍍ῶࡍࡿࡇ࡜ࡶ࠶ࡾࡲࡍࠋ
௒࡛ࡣࠊᆅᨻᏛⓗࣜࢫࢡ࡜࠸࠺ゝⴥࡢᴫᛕࡣࠊᨻ἞ࡲࡓࡣᨻ⟇࡟ࡼࡗ࡚ຠ⋡ⓗ࡞⤒῭࠶ࡿ࠸ࡣ
ᕷሙᶵ⬟ࡀ㜼ᐖࡉࢀࡿྍ⬟ᛶࡢ࠶ࡿ࡯࡜ࢇ࡝ࡍ࡭࡚஦㇟ࢆ⾲ࡍࡶࡢ࡜ࡋ࡚౑ࢃࢀࡿࢣ࣮ࢫࡶ࠶
ࡾࡲࡍࠋࡇࡢࡼ࠺࡟ᆅᨻᏛⓗࣜࢫࢡࡢᴫᛕࡀᚎࠎ࡟ᣑ኱ࡋ࡚ࡁࡓࡇ࡜ࢆ⪃៖ࡍࡿ࡜ࠊࡇ࠺ࡋࡓ
ࠕ␗ᖖ࡛ࠊከࡃࡢሙྜእⓗせᅉࡀࡶࡓࡽࡍ⾪ᧁⓗ࡞஦㇟ࠖࢆ⾲ࡍ࡟ࡣࠊࠕᕷሙእᅉᛶࣜࢫࢡࠖ
㸦Market Exogenous RisksࠊMERs㸧࡜࠸࠺ゝⴥࡢ᪉ࡀࡼࡾ㐺ษ࠿ࡶࡋࢀࡲࡏࢇࠋ
ᆅᨻᏛⓗ஦㇟ࡣ࠶ࡽࡺࡿ⤒㊰࠿ࡽᕷሙ࡟Ἴཬࡋࡲࡍࠋ౛࠼ࡤࠊཎἜ౯᱁ᛴ㦐ࢆᘬࡁ㉳ࡇࡍཎᅉ
ࡣࠊከࡃࡢሙྜࠊ୰ᮾ࡟࠾ࡅࡿᆅᇦ⣮த㸦౛࠼ࡤ࢔ࣛࣈㅖᅜ࡟ࡼࡿ 1973 ᖺࡢཎἜ⚗㍺ᥐ⨨㸧
ࡸᮾഃㅖᅜ࡜すഃㅖᅜࡢ㛫ࡢእ஺㛵ಀࡢ୍᫬ⓗ࡞ᝏ໬࡞࡝ࡢᆅᨻᏛⓗ஦㇟࡛ࡍࠋ
4
21 ୡ⣖ࡢ௒᪥࡟࠾࠸࡚ࡶࠊẚ㍑⤒῭Ꮫࡣከࡃࡢሙྜࠊᡓதࠊ༴ᶵࠊࡑࡋ࡚ᅜᐙᏳ඲ಖ㞀࡞࡝ᆅᨻᏛⓗࣜࢫࢡࡢ㔜せ࡞ၥ㢟ࢆᢅࡗ࡚࠸ࡲࡏࢇࠋ
ẚ㍑ᨻ἞⤒῭Ꮫ࡛ࡣᨻඪࡀ⤒῭࡟ཬࡰࡍᙳ㡪࡞࡝ࡢၥ㢟ࢆ⪃៖ࡋࡲࡍࡀࠊ௒᪥ࡢᅜ㝿⤒῭Ꮫ࡟࠾࠸࡚ࠊᆅᨻᏛⓗࣜࢫࢡࡣ㏻ᖖࠊእ⏕ⓗせᅉ࡜
ࡋ࡚ᢅࢃࢀ࡚࠸ࡲࡍࠋ
3
㛵ಀ⪅㝈
➨஧ḟୡ⏺኱ᡓᚋ࡟㈨ᮏᕷሙࡢࢢ࣮ࣟࣂࣝ໬ࡀ෌ຍ㏿ࡋࠊᆅᨻᏛ࡟㛵ࡋ࡚༑ศ࡞ศᯒࡢᚲせᛶ
ࡀቑࡋ࡚࠸ࡲࡍࠋ1970 ᖺ௦ᚋ༙ࡲ࡛࡟ࠊᰴᘧᢞ㈨ᐙࡢከࡃࡀᾏእᕷሙ࠾ࡼࡧᾏእ௻ᴗ࡬ࡢᢞ㈨
ࢆቑࡸࡋࡲࡋࡓࠋࡑࡋ࡚ྛᅜᨻᗓࡣᅜእࡢമๆᕷሙ࠿ࡽࡢ㈨㔠ㄪ㐩ࢆ✚ᴟⓗ࡟㐍ࡵ࡚࠸ࡲࡍࠋ
౛࠼ࡤࠊOECD ຍ┕ᅜࡢᅜമ࡟ᑐࡍࡿእᅜேࡢಖ᭷ẚ⋡ࡣ 1980 ᖺࡢ 10%࠿ࡽ 2010 ᖺ࡟ࡣ
41%ࡲ࡛ୖ᪼ࡋࡲࡋࡓࠋ
1989 ᖺࡢ෭ᡓ⤊⤖࡟ࡼࡾࠊே࡜㈨ᮏࡢ⛣ືࡀᑡ࡞ࡃ࡜ࡶ㐣ཤ 100 ᖺ㛫࡛᭱ࡶ⮬⏤࡞≧ែ࡜࡞ࡾࠊ
ࡑࡢ⤖ᯝࠊከࡃࡢ௻ᴗࡸᢞ㈨ᐙࡣᆅᨻᏛⓗࣜࢫࢡ࡟㓄៖ࡋ࡞ࡀࡽࢢ࣮ࣟࣂࣝࡢᯟ⤌ࡳࡢ୰࡛ά
ືࡍࡿࡇ࡜ࡀồࡵࡽࢀ࡚࠸ࡲࡍࠋࢢ࣮ࣟࣂࣝ㈨ᮏ୺⩏࡜࠸࠺ᒎᮃࡣࠊ෭ᡓᚋࡢ຾฼୺⩏ࡢ⢭⚄
ࡢ୰࡛ࡣ่⃭ⓗ࡛ࠊࡲࡿ࡛ክࡢࡼ࠺࡟㨩ຊⓗ࡞ࡶࡢ࡛ࡋࡓࠋࢺ࣒࣭ࣇ࣮ࣜࢻ࣐ࣥ࡟ࡼࡿࠕࣞࢡ
ࢧࢫ࡜࣮࢜ࣜࣈࡢᮌࠖ㸦2000 ᖺ 5 ᭶㸧࡞࡝ࡢㄽᩥࡀேẼࢆ༤ࡍ࡞࡝ࠊ1990 ᖺ௦࠿ࡽ 2000 ᖺ
௦ึ㢌࡟࠿ࡅ࡚ࡇ࠺ࡋࡓࢢ࣮ࣟࣂࣝ㈨ᮏ୺⩏ࡢ฿᮶ࡀࡶ࡚ࡣࡸࡉࢀࡲࡋࡓࠋࢢ࣮ࣟࣂࣝ㈨ᮏ୺
⩏ࡢ㈶ྠ⪅ࡓࡕࡣࠊࢢ࣮ࣟࣂࣝ㈨ᮏ୺⩏ࡀࡶࡓࡽࡍ฼┈࡜ࡋ࡚ࠊ⏕άỈ‽ࡢྥୖ࡟ຍ࠼࡚⮬⏤
࡜Ẹ୺୺⩏ࢆᣲࡆ࡚࠸ࡲࡍࠋࡋ࠿ࡋࠊ1997 ᖺ࠿ࡽ 1998 ᖺ࡟࠿ࡅ࡚ࡢ࢔ࢪ࢔㔠⼥༴ᶵุ࡛᫂ࡋ
ࡓ㏻ࡾࠊᛴ㏿࡞㈨ᮏࡢ⛣ືࡣ⓶⫗࡟ࡶ୙Ᏻᐃࡉࢆᣍࡁࠊࡼࡾ⦆ࡸ࠿࡞ኚ໬࡟័ࢀࡓᩥ໬ᅪ࡟࠾
࠸࡚ᆅᨻᏛⓗࣜࢫࢡࢆ㧗ࡵࡿ⤖ᯝ࡟࡞ࡾࡲࡋࡓࠋ
21 ୡ⣖ึ㢌࡟࠾ࡅࡿᆅᨻᏛⓗࣜࢫࢡ
ᨾࢫࢸ࢕࣮ࣦ࣭ࣥࢪ࢙࢖࣭ࢢ࣮ࣝࢻࡣྡⴭ”The Structure of Evolutionary Theory”㸦㑥㢟௬ヂ
ࠗ㐍໬ㄽࡢᵓ㐀࠘㸧ࡢ୰࡛ࠊ⮬ࡽࡀᥦၐࡍࡿࠕ᩿⥆ᖹ⾮ㄝࠖࡢᴫᛕࡢ⤒῭Ꮫ࠾ࡼࡧᨻ἞Ꮫ࡬ࡢ
ᛂ⏝ࢆㄽࡌࡲࡋࡓ㸦p.977㸧ࠋ᩿⥆ᖹ⾮ㄝࡢ♧ࡍ㏻ࡾࠊ2010 ᖺ௦࡟࠾ࡅࡿࠕୡ⏺⛛ᗎࠖࡣࠊḟ
ࡢ┦ᑐⓗ࡞ᖹ⾮≧ែ㸦Ᏻᐃᮇ㸧ࢆồࡵ࡚ᛴ㏿࡟ኚ໬ࡋ࡚࠸ࡲࡍࠋ
21 ୡ⣖ึ㢌ࠊ኱ࡁ࡞ᆅᨻᏛⓗࣜࢫࢡࡀከᩘᏑᅾࡋ࡚࠸ࡲࡍࠋࢧ࢖ࣂ࣮ᨷᧁࡣᡓதࡢᵝ┦ࢆ࿊ࡋ
࡚࠸ࡲࡍࠋཎἜࡸῐỈ࡞࡝㔜せ࡞㈨※ࡣᨻ᝟୙Ᏻᐃ࡞ᆅᇦ࡟೫ᅾࡋ࡚࠸ࡲࡍࠋᑐ❧ࢆᅇ㑊ࡍࡿ
ࡓࡵࠊྛᅜᨻᗓࡸᅜ㝿ᶵ㛵࡟ࡣ㈼᫂࡞⾜ືࡀồࡵࡽࢀࡲࡍࠋࣅࢡࢺࣜ࢔⋤ᮅ᫬௦࠿ࡽ➨୍ḟୡ
⏺኱ᡓຨⓎࡲ࡛ࡢⱥᅜࡢࡼ࠺࡟ࠊ⡿ᅜࡣᆅᨻᏛⓗ࡞୺ᑟᶒࢆᢸ࠺ᆅ఩࡟࠶ࡾࡲࡍࠋୡ⏺ࡀከᴟ
໬ࡋ࡚࠸ࡃ୰࡛ࠊࡇࡢ୺ᑟⓗ࡞ᆅ఩࡟ࡣከࡃࡢ㈐௵ࡀక࠸ࡲࡍ㸦ࡑࡢⰋ࠸౛ࡀ୰ᮾ࡛ࡍ㸧ࠋ
ࡑࡢぢ㏉ࡾࡶ௦ൾࡶ኱ࡁ࡞ࡶࡢ࡛ࡍࠋ࢛࢘ࣝࢱ࣮࣭ࣛࢵࢭ࣭࣑࣮ࣝࢻࡣ 2007 ᖺ࡟ᇳ➹ࡋࡓ
“With God on Our Side: American Apocalypse and the Mall at the End of the World”㸦 㑥㢟௬ヂ
ࠕ⚄ࡣᡃࠎࡢഃ࡟㸫࢔࣓ࣜ࢝ࡢ㯲♧࡜ୡ⏺ࡢᯝ࡚ࡢࢩࣙࢵࣆࣥࢢ࣮ࣔࣝࠖ㸧ࡢ୰࡛ࠊ㏙࡭࡚࠸
ࡲࡍࠋࠕ21 ୡ⣖ࡀ㐍ࡴ࡟ࡘࢀࠊ኱㔞ẅࡾࡃࡸୡ⏺ࡢ⤊↉࡟ᑐࡍࡿᜍᛧࡣ෭ᡓ᫬௦௨ୖ࡟⶝ᘏࡋ
࡚࠸ࡃࡔࢁ࠺ࠋࡼࡾከࡃࡢ኱㔞◚ቯරჾࢆ౑࠸ࡇ࡞ࡍࠊࡼࡾከࡃࡢᙺ⪅ࡀⓏሙࡍࡿࠋࠖ
࣑࣮ࢻࡣᝒほㄽ⪅࡛ࡣ࠶ࡾࡲࡏࢇࡀࠊ௨ୗࡢࡼ࠺࡟㏙࡭࡚࠸ࡲࡍࠋࠕ20 ୡ⣖࡟ゎࡁᨺࡓࢀࡓၿ
࡜ᝏࡀ 19 ୡ⣖ࡢே㢮ࡢ⌮ゎࢆ㉸࠼ࡿࡶࡢ࡛࠶ࡗࡓࡢ࡜ྠᵝࠊ21 ୡ⣖࡟ࡶࡲࡓ᝿ീࢆ㉸࠼ࡓᜨ
ࡳ࡜ᜍᛧࡀࡶࡓࡽࡉࢀࡿࡔࢁ࠺ࠋ㦫␗ⓗ࡞㑇ఏᏊᕤᏛࡸࠊ⏕≀Ꮫ㡿ᇦ࡜ᶵᲔᏛ㡿ᇦࡢ⼥ྜ࡟ࡼ
ࡗ࡚ࠊ⫗య࠾ࡼࡧ⢭⚄ࡲ࡛ࡶࡀᨵ㐀ࡉࢀࡿ୰ࠊᡃࠎࡢᏊᏞࡣ௒᪥࡛ࡣ࠾ࡰࢁࡆ࡟ࡋ࠿᝿ീࡢࡘ
࠿࡞࠸ࡼ࠺࡞⢭⚄ⓗࠊ⫗యⓗୡ⏺࡟ᒃఫࡋ࡚࠸ࡿ࠿ࡶࡋࢀ࡞࠸ࠋࠖ㸦p.25㸧
ୡ⏺᝟ໃࡢ⾜᪉ࡀၥ㢟ྵࡳ࡛࠶ࡿ࡜ࡋ࡚ࡶࠊ⡿ᅜ࡜ࡑࡢ୺せ࡞ྠ┕ᅜࡣၥ㢟ࢆ㜼Ṇࡍࡿࡓࡵࡢ
ᡭẁࢆᣢࡗ࡚࠸ࡿ࠿ࡶࡋࢀࡲࡏࢇࠋࡋ࠿ࡋࡑࡢ㐣⛬࡛ࠊ⡿ᅜࡸྠ┕ᅜࡣࠊ⮬ࡽࡢぞᶒ୺⩏ⓗ࡞
㔝ᚰ࡟ᑐࡍࡿ࿘ᅖࡢホ౯࡜ᡓࢃ࡞ࡃ࡚ࡣ࡞ࡾࡲࡏࢇࠋࡑࡋ࡚⡿ᅜ࡟᭱ࡶᛅᐇ࡞Ḣᕞྠ┕ᅜࡢ୰
4
㛵ಀ⪅㝈
࡛ࡍࡽࠊࡑ࠺ࡋࡓᠱᛕࡣ୍㒊⏕ࡌ࡚࠸ࡲࡍࠋࣘࢽࣛࢸࣛࣝ㸦༢⊂୺⩏ⓗ㸧࡞ゎỴᡭẁࢆᶍ⣴ࡍ
ࡿࡼࡾࡶࠊከᴟⓗ࡞༠ຊ㛵ಀࡢᨵၿࡇࡑࡀࠊࡼࡾ኱ࡁ࡞ᆅᨻᏛⓗ࡞฼┈ࢆ⏕ࡳฟࡍ࠿ࡶࡋࢀࡲ
ࡏࢇࠋ
ᆅᨻᏛⓗࣜࢫࢡࡢศᯒ
≉࡟ 1970 ᖺ௦ᚋ༙௨㝆ࠊ㈨ᮏᕷሙࡢࢢ࣮ࣟࣂࣝ໬ࡀᛴ㏿࡟㐍ᒎࡋࡓ⤖ᯝࠊᢞ㈨ᐙࡸドๆ఍♫ࠊ
᱁௜ࡅᶵ㛵ࠊ⊂❧⣔ࣜࢧ࣮ࢳ఍♫㸦኱༙ࡣ⤒῭ࠊᰴᘧࠊࡲࡓࡣࢡࣞࢪࢵࢺศ㔝㸧ࠊ≉Ṧಖ㝤఍
♫࡟࠾࠸࡚ࢯࣈࣜࣥศᯒࢳ࣮࣒ࡀ⤌⧊ࡉࢀࡲࡋࡓࠋ⤒῭ࠊᨻ἞ࠊேཱྀືែࠊ࠾ࡼࡧ⏕άࡢ㉁࡟
ࡘ࠸࡚ࠊ㐣ཤࡢ⤫ィࡢศᯒࡀ㐍ࡳࡲࡋࡓࠋ
ᝒ๻ⓗ࡞ 2001 ᖺࡢ 9࣭11 ྠ᫬ከⓎࢸࣟ௨㝆ࠊ㈨ᮏᕷሙ࡟࠾࠸࡚ᆅᨻᏛⓗࣜࢫࢡ࡟ᑐࡍࡿὀ┠
ࡀ኱ࡁࡃ㧗ࡲࡾࡲࡋࡓࠋ㈨ᮏᕷሙ࡟ཧຍࡍࡿ௻ᴗࡢ㛫࡛ࡣࠊ9࣭11 ௨᮶ࠊ኱㔞◚ቯරჾࡢ㓄ഛ
ࡢྍ⬟ᛶࡀࡦࡑ࠿࡟ᠱᛕࡉࢀ࡚࠸ࡲࡋࡓࠋ⤒῭ᨻ⟇ᙜᒁ⪅ࡣ 2000 ᖺ௦๓༙࡟ࠊࡇ࠺ࡋࡓᆅᨻ
Ꮫୖࡢᝒほㄽࢆඞ᭹ࡍࡿᡭẁ࡜ࡋ࡚኱つᶍ࡞㔠⼥⦆࿴ࢆ⾜࠸ࡲࡋࡓࠋࡇࢀࡣ࠶ࡲࡾゝཬࡉࢀࡿ
ࡇ࡜ࡢ࡞࠸ヰ࡛ࡍࡀࠊࡇ࠺ࡋࡓᨻ⟇ᙜᒁ⪅ࡢ⾜ືࡀࠊࡑࡢᚋ 2007 ᖺ࠿ࡽ 2009 ᖺ࡟࠿ࡅ࡚ࡢୡ
⏺㔠⼥༴ᶵࢆᗏ῝ࡃࠊࡑࡋ࡚ᖜᗈ࠸ࡶࡢ࡜ࡍࡿせᅉ࡜࡞ࡗࡓࡇ࡜ࡣ࡯ࡰ㛫㐪࠸࡞࠸࡛ࡋࡻ࠺ࠋ
௻ᴗάືࡢࢢ࣮ࣟࣂࣝ໬ࡢ㐍ᒎࡀ㡬Ⅼ࡟㐩ࡋࡓ 2010 ᖺ௦༙ࡤࠊ࣐ࢡࣟᕷሙศᯒࡢ୰ᚰ࡟෌ࡧ
ᆅᨻᏛⓗせᅉࡀฟ⌧ࡋࡲࡋࡓࠋ2014 ᖺࡢࣟࢩ࢔࡟ࡼࡿࢡ࣑ࣜ࢔౵ᨷࡣࠊ෭ᡓࢆ෌⇞ࡉࡏࡿྍ⬟
ᛶࡶ࠶ࡾࠊ୰ኸ㖟⾜ࡢᨻ⟇࡜୪ࡪ࡯࡝ࡢὀ┠ࢆ㞟ࡵ࡚࠸ࡲࡍࠋ⡿ᅜࡣࠊ࢖ࣛࢡ࡜࢔ࣇ࢞ࢽࢫࢱ
ࣥ࡜࠸࠺ 10 ᖺ࡟ࢃࡓࡿ஧ࡘࡢ⣮த࡟⑂ᘢࡋࠊࡲࡓ⌧ᅾࡣ࢖ࢫ࣒ࣛᅜࡢࢸࣟࣜࢫࢺ㞟ᅋࢆ↓ຊ໬
ࡍࡿࡓࡵࡢᡓ࠸࡟ἐ㢌ࡋ࡚࠸ࡲࡍࠋࡇࡢࡓࡵࠊᡓத࡟⑂ᘢࡋࡓ⡿ᅜࡣࠊᅜ㝿⛛ᗎ⥔ᣢࡢ㔜ᅽࢆ
ከࡃࡢᅜ࡛ศᢸࡍࡿୡ⏺ࢆཷࡅධࢀࡘࡘ࠶ࡾࡲࡍࠋ
⏕≀Ꮫⓗ࡟ࡶᵓ㐀ⓗ࡟ࡶෆᅾࡍࡿᆅᨻᏛⓗࣜࢫࢡ
ࢲ࣮࢘࢕ࣥࡢ㐍໬ㄽࡀྖࡿᡃࠎࡢୡ⏺࡛ࡣࠊࡍ࡭࡚ࡢ⏕≀ࡣ➇தࡋࠊࡑࡋ࡚㐍໬ࡋࡲࡍࠋࡇࡢ
⮬↛⏺ࡢᇶᮏἲ๎ࡀ㐍Ṍࢆಁࡋ࡚࠸ࡲࡍࠋࡇࢀ࡜ྠᵝࡢࣉࣟࢭࢫࡣࠊᅜᐙࡸ⤌⧊ࡢ㐍໬࡟ࡶ࠶
࡚ࡣࡲࡾࡲࡍࠋࡑࡋ࡚ࠊࡇࡢ຾⪅࡜ᩋ⪅ࢆỴࡵࡿ⤊ࢃࡾࡢ࡞࠸⏕Ꮡ➇தࡢ୰࡛ࠊ➇தⓗ࡞⥭ᙇ
㛵ಀࡀ⏕ࡲࢀࡿࡢ࡛ࡍࠋ
ᅜ㐃࡟ࡼࢀࡤࠊ21 ୡ⣖ึ㢌ࠊୡ⏺࡟ࡣ 193 ࢝ᅜࡀᏑᅾࡋ࡚࠸ࡲࡍࠋࡑࡋ࡚ࠊࡑࢀࢆ㉸࠼ࡿᩘࡢ
ᨻ἞ⓗ࢖ࢹ࢜ࣟࢠ࣮࡜᐀ᩍⓗಙᛕࡀᅜᐙࠊ⤌⧊ࠊ㞟ᅋࠊࡑࡋ࡚ಶேࡢάືࢆᙧᡂࡋ࡚࠸ࡲࡍࠋ
␗࡞ࡿὴ㛸㛫࡛ࡢពぢࡢ┦㐪ࡣᐃᮇⓗ࡟㉳ࡇࡾࡲࡍࠋᅜᐙ࡛ࣞ࣋ࣝࡣࠊࡇ࠺ࡋࡓ┦㐪ࡣእ஺ୖ
ࡢᦶ᧿ࢆᣍࡁࠊᡓதࡢᘬࡁ㔠࡜࡞ࡿࡇ࡜ࡶ࠶ࡾࡲࡍࠋ㞟ᅋ࡛ࣞ࣋ࣝࡣࠊ⮬ࡽࡢពぢࢆ࡞࠸ࡀࡋ
ࢁ࡟ࡉࢀࡓ♫఍ⓗ࡞࢔࢘ࢺࢧ࢖ࢲ࣮ࡓࡕࡀࠊࢸࣟ⾜Ⅽࢆ㏻ࡌ࡚ពぢࢆ⾲᫂ࡍࡿ࠿ࡶࡋࢀࡲࡏࢇࠋ
ᑐ❧ࡍࡿពぢࡢ⤌ࡳྜࢃࡏࡣ⭾኱࡛ࠊ⥭ᙇ≧ែࡢ㧗࠸࣍ࢵࢺࢫ࣏ࢵࢺࡣ࡯ࡰ⤯࠼㛫࡞ࡃୡ⏺ࡢ
࡝ࡇ࠿࡟Ꮡᅾࡋ࡚࠸ࡲࡍࠋᖾ࠸ࠊࡇ࠺ࡋࡓ࣍ࢵࢺࢫ࣏ࢵࢺࡢ኱༙ࡣẚ㍑ⓗᑠつᶍ࡛ࠊᆅᇦ⤒῭
ࡸᆅᇦᕷሙ࡟ᑐࡋ࡚ࡍࡽ࡯࡜ࢇ࡝ᙳ㡪ࢆཬࡰࡍࡇ࡜ࡀ࠶ࡾࡲࡏࢇࠋࡋ࠿ࡋࠊ࠾ࡼࡑᩘᖺ࡟୍ᗘ
࡜࠸࠺↹ࢃࡋ࠸㢖ᗘ࡛ࠊࡼࡾ㔜኱࡞ᑐ❧ࡀⓎ⏕ࡋࠊࡑࡢᙳ㡪ࡀᆅᇦࡸࢢ࣮ࣟࣂࣝࡢᕷሙ࡟Ἴཬ
ࡋ࡚࠸ࡲࡍࠋ
5
㛵ಀ⪅㝈
ࡇ࠺ࡋࡓ୙Ᏻᐃ࡞ᆅᨻᏛⓗ᝟ໃ࡟ຍ࠼࡚ࠊேཱྀືែࡢኚ໬ࡶ㞴ࡋ࠸ၥ㢟࡛ࡍࠋከࡃࡢඛ㐍ᅜ࡛
ࡣேཱྀࡀ⦰ᑠࠊ࠶ࡿ࠸ࡣప࠸ఙࡧ࡟࡜࡝ࡲࡗ࡚࠸ࡲࡍࠋ୍᪉ࠊ࢔ࣇࣜ࢝ࡸ୰ᮾࠊ༡࢔ࢪ࢔࡜࠸
ࡗࡓ㏵ୖᅜ࡛ࡣࠊேཱྀࡀᛴቑࡋ࡚࠸ࡲࡍࠋேཱྀࡀᛴ㏿࡟ᣑ኱ࡍࡿ୰࡛Ᏻᐃࢆ⥔ᣢࡍࡿࡢࡀ࠸࠿
࡟㞴ࡋ࠸࠿࡜࠸࠺ࡇ࡜ࡣṔྐⓗ࡟ド᫂ࡉࢀ࡚࠾ࡾࠊࡇ࠺ࡋࡓᆅᇦࡢከࡃ࡟࠾࠸࡚Ᏻᐃࡢᣢ⥆ࢆ
ᮃࡴࡢࡣࠊ࠾ࡑࡽࡃ᭱Ⰻࡢ᮲௳ୗ࡛࠶ࡗ࡚ࡶ㧗ᮃࡳ࡜࠸࠼ࡿ࡛ࡋࡻ࠺ࠋ
㈨ᮏᕷሙࡣᖖ࡟ࠊ✺↛ΰ஘࡟㝗ࡿࣜࢫࢡࢆᏎࢇ࡛࠸ࡲࡍࠋࡑࢀ࡛ࡶ㈨ᮏᕷሙ㛵ಀ⪅ࡢከࡃࡣࠊ
ᆅᨻᏛⓗࣜࢫࢡ࡟㛵ࡋ࡚ࠕ⯆࿡῝࠸ࡀ㑊ࡅࡿࡇ࡜ࡢ࡛ࡁ࡞࠸࠶࠸ࡲ࠸࡞㞧㡢ࠖ࡜ࡳ࡞ࡋ࡚࠸ࡲ
ࡍࠋࡇ࠺ࡋࡓഐほ୺⩏ⓗ࡞࢔ࣉ࣮ࣟࢳࡢಙዊ⪅ࡣࠊᅜᐙ᝟ሗᶵ㛵࡛ࡉ࠼㔜኱࡞ᆅᨻᏛⓗ࡞ࢩࣙ
ࢵࢡࡢண ࡟ࡋࡤࡋࡤኻᩋࡍࡿ࡜୺ᙇࡋ࡚࠸ࡲࡍࠋࡑࡋ࡚ࠊᆅᨻᏛⓗࣜࢫࢡ࡬ࡢᑐฎ᪉ἲ࡟ࡘ
࠸࡚ࡣࠊᙳ㡪ࢆ⿕ࡗࡓᅜ࡜ࡑࡢᅜࡢ୺せ࡞മๆ࠾ࡼࡧᰴᘧⓎ⾜యࢆᢞࡆ኎ࡾࡍࡿ௨እ࡟ࠊ࣏࣮
ࢺࣇ࢛ࣜ࢜࡟࠾ࡅࡿ᫂☜࡞ᅇ㑊⌮ㄽࡣ⪃᱌ࡉࢀ࡚࠸ࡲࡏࢇࠋࡲࡓࠊᆅᨻᏛⓗࣜࢫࢡࢆ⬟ືⓗ࡟
ࣔࢽࢱࣜࣥࢢࡍࡿࡇ࡜࡟ᾘᴟⓗ࡞ᶵ㛵ᢞ㈨ᐙࡣࠊࢭ࣑ࢫࢺࣟࣥࢢᆺࡢຠ⋡ⓗᕷሙ࡟࠾࠸࡚ࡶᆅ
ᨻᏛⓗ࡞ΰ஘ࡣ࡯ࡰ⧊ࡾ㎸ࡲࢀ࡚࠸ࡿ࡜୺ᙇࡋ࡚࠸ࡲࡍࠋࡇ࠺ࡋࡓ❧ሙࡢᢞ㈨ᐙࡣࠊᙉຊ࡞ண
ᡓ␎ࡸ஦ᚋⓗ࡞཯ືࢆ≺ࡗࡓ᭷ຊ࡞ᢞ㈨ᡓ␎ࡣᏑᅾࡋ࡞࠸ࡔࢁ࠺࡜⪃࠼࡚࠸ࡲࡍࠋࡋ࠿ࡋῧ
௜ࡢᅗ⾲ࡣࠊࡇ࠺ࡋࡓぢ᪉ࢆ෌᳨ウࡍࡿᚲせᛶࢆ♧၀ࡋ࡚࠸ࡲࡍࠋ
ࠗࢪ࣮ࣕࢼ࣭ࣝ࢜ࣈ࣭࣏࣮ࢺࣇ࢛࣭࣐ࣜ࢜ࢿࢪ࣓ࣥࢺ࠘ࠊࠗࣇ࢓࢖ࢼࣥࢩ࣭ࣕࣝ࢔ࢼࣜࢫࢺ࣭
ࢪ࣮ࣕࢼࣝ࠘ࠊ࠶ࡿ࠸ࡣࠗࢪ࣮ࣕࢼ࣭ࣝ࢜ࣈ࣭ࣇ࢓࢖ࢼࣥࢫ࠘࡞࡝ࡢᴗ⏺ㄅ࡛ࡣࠊᆅᨻᏛⓗࣜ
ࢫࢡࢆṇᘧ࡟⪃ᐹࡋࡓグ஦ࡣ࡯࡜ࢇ࡝ぢࡽࢀࡲࡏࢇࠋࡑࡋ࡚௒࡛ࡶࠊ࠶ࡾࡩࢀࡓᆅᨻᏛⓗࣜࢫ
ࢡࡀⓎ⏕ࡍࡿࡓࡧ࡟ࠊᕷሙࡸ࣏࣮ࢺࣇ࢛ࣜ࢜ࡀᙳ㡪ࢆཷࡅ࡚࠸ࡿࡢ࡛ࡍࠋ
ᬒẼࢧ࢖ࢡࣝ࡟ඹ㏻ᛶࡣ࠶ࡾࡲࡍࡀࠊ᏶඲࡟ྠ୍ࡢࢧ࢖ࢡࣝࡣ࠶ࡾࡲࡏࢇࠋ2007 ᖺ࠿ࡽ 2009
ᖺ࡟࠿ࡅ࡚✺ዴୡ⏺⤒῭ࡀ㔠⼥༴ᶵ࡟㝗ࡗࡓཎᅉࡣࠊࡇࢀࡲ࡛࡟࡞࠸ࠊ࠿ࡘ୙᏶඲࡟タィࡉࢀ
ࡓࢫࢺࣛࢡࢳ࣮ࣕࢻၟရ࡛ࡋࡓࠋࡑࡋ࡚ࡇࡢࢫࢺࣛࢡࢳ࣮ࣕࢻၟရࡢ⫼ᬒ࡟ࡣᵓ㐀ⓗ࡞മົ㐣
๫≧ែࡀ࠶ࡾࡲࡋࡓࡀࠊࡇ࠺ࡋࡓせᅉࡀḟࡢ኱ࡁ࡞ୡ⏺ⓗ࡞ᬒẼᚋ㏥ࢆᘬࡁ㉳ࡇࡍ୺ᅉ࡜࡞ࡿ
ྍ⬟ᛶࡣప࠸࡛ࡋࡻ࠺ࠋ21 ୡ⣖ࡢ௒ᚋ࡟࠾࠸࡚ḟࡢ⤒῭༴ᶵࢆᘬࡁ㉳ࡇࡍࡢࡣࠊࡴࡋࢁᆅᨻᏛ
ⓗࣜࢫࢡࡢ㧗ࡲࡾ࡛࠶ࡿྍ⬟ᛶࡢ᪉ࡀ㧗࠸ࡼ࠺࡟ᛮࢃࢀࡲࡍࠋ
᏶඲࡞ண▱⬟ຊࢆධᡭࡍࡿࡇ࡜ࡣ࡛ࡁࡲࡏࢇࡀࠊᡃࠎࡣࡑ࠺ࡋࡓண▱⬟ຊࡀ࡞ࡃ࡚ࡶࠊᆅᨻᏛ
ⓗࣜࢫࢡࢆὀព῝ࡃࣔࢽࢱࣜࣥࢢࡍࡿࡇ࡜࡟ࡼࡗ࡚࣏࣮ࢺࣇ࢛ࣜ࢜ࡢࣃࣇ࢛࣮࣐ࣥࢫࢆᨵၿࡋࠊ
ᕷሙୗⴠ࡟ᑐࡍࡿ⤌⧊඲యࡢឤᛂᗘࢆపୗࡉࡏࡿࡇ࡜ࡀྍ⬟࡛࠶ࡿ࡜⪃࠼࡚࠸ࡲࡍࠋ
࣏࣮ࢺࣇ࢛ࣜ࢜㐠⏝᪉㔪
௨ୗࡣࠊᨻᗓࠊ⤌⧊ࠊࡑࡋ࡚ಶேࡀᆅᨻᏛⓗࣜࢫࢡ࡟ᑐࡍࡿ࢚ࢡࢫ࣏࣮ࢪ࣮ࣕࢆ㍍ῶࡍࡿࡓࡵ
ࡢᥦ᱌࡛ࡍࠋ
1. ᆅᨻᏛⓗࣜࢫࢡࡢ᳨ウࢆṇᘧ࡟ࣉࣟࢭࢫ໬ࡍࡿ㸸ྛᅜࡢ㤳⬻ࡀẖᮅࠊᆅᨻᏛⓗࣜࢫࢡࡘ
࠸࡚ࡢㄯヰࢆⓎ⾲ࡍࢀࡤࠊ㐠⏝᪉㔪᳨ウጤဨ఍ࡸࣜࢫࢡ᳨ウጤဨ఍ࡢ㐌ḟ࣑࣮ࢸ࢕ࣥࢢ
࡟࠾࠸࡚ࡶᆅᨻᏛⓗࣜࢫࢡࡢ᳨ウࡀ㆟㢟࡟࠶ࡀࡿࡼ࠺࡟࡞ࡿ࡛ࡋࡻ࠺ࠋ
2. ஦ᴗ⥅⥆ィ⏬㸦BCP㸧ࡢᐃᮇⓗ࡞ぢ┤ࡋ㸸9࣭11 ࡢྠ᫬ከⓎࢸࣟ࠿ࡽ 13 ᖺࡓࡗࡓ௒ࡶࠊ
୍㒊ࡢ⤌⧊࡛ࡣ㒊⨫ෆࡢ㐃⤡ඛࢆᅇぴࡋࠊࣂࢵࢡ࢔ࢵࣉࢧ࢖ࢺ࡟ࡘ࠸࡚ࡢ㝈ࡽࢀࡓ᝟ሗ
ࢆᥦ౪ࡍࡿࡢࡳ࡟࡜࡝ࡲࡗ࡚࠸ࡲࡍࠋ
6
㛵ಀ⪅㝈
3. ࢥࣥࢸ࢕ࣥࢪ࢙ࣥࢩ࣮࣭ࣉࣛࣥ㸦⥭ᛴ᫬ᑐᛂィ⏬㸧⟇ᐃ࠾ࡼࡧࢩࢼࣜ࢜タᐃ㸸ᐇ㝿ࡢ஦
㇟ࢆṇ☜࡟ண ࡍࡿࡇ࡜ࡣ୙ྍ⬟࡛ࡍࡀࠊ୍⯡ⓗ࡞ศ㢮࡟ᇶ࡙ࡃ≉ᛶࡢホ౯ࡣྍ⬟࡛ࡍࠋ
౛࠼ࡤࠊ᰾ởᰁࢆᘬࡁ㉳ࡇࡍ⇿ᙎࡀ୺せ࡞ドๆྲྀᘬᡤࡢ㏆ࡃ࡛⇿Ⓨࡋࡓ᫬ࡢᙳ㡪࡟ࡘ࠸
࡚ࡣࠊ⌮ゎࢆ῝ࡵ࡚࠾ࡃᚲせࡀ࠶ࡿ࡛ࡋࡻ࠺ࠋ
4. ࣔࢽࢱࣜࣥࢢ㸸ࡇࢀࡣ▱㆑⏘ᴗ࡟࠾࠸࡚ࡼࡃ࠶ࡿࡇ࡜࡛ࡍࡀࠊᆅᨻᏛⓗࣜࢫࢡࢆ㍍ῶࡍ
ࡿࡓࡵࡢࣉࣟࢢ࣒ࣛࡢ᭷ຠᛶࡣࠊࡑࢀ࡟ᦠࢃࡿேᮦࡢ㉁࡟኱ࡁࡃ౫Ꮡࡋࡲࡍࠋᙼࡽࡢࢱ
ࢫࢡࡣࠊゎㄞࠊどᐹࠊศᯒࠊࡑࡋ࡚ே⬦ࡢᵓ⠏࡛ࡍࠋᆅᨻᏛⓗࣜࢫࢡホ౯ࡢ᭱๓⥺࡟❧
ࡘࡓࡵ࡟ࡣࠊ࡝ࢇ࡞࡟ඃ⚽࡞ேᮦ࡛࠶ࡗ࡚ࡶࠊ㔠⼥㛵㐃ࡢ࣓ࢹ࢕࢔᝟ሗࢆධᡭࡍࡿࡔࡅ
࡛‶㊊ࡍࡿࡇ࡜ࡣチࡉࢀࡲࡏࢇࠋࡲࡓࠊᆅᨻᏛⓗࣜࢫࢡศᯒࢧ࣮ࣅࢫࡸ᱁௜ࡅᶵ㛵࡟ࡼ
ࡿࢯࣈࣜࣥศᯒࢆ㉎ධࡋ࡚᝟ሗ཰㞟ࡢ⠊ᅖࢆᗈࡆࡿࡇ࡜ࡣከᑡ᭷┈࡛ࡍࡀࠊࡑࢀࡔࡅ࡛
༑ศ࡜ࡣ࠸࠼ࡲࡏࢇࠋࡑࡋ࡚ࠕ᭱๓⥺ࡢࠖ㐠⏝ᢸᙜ⪅࡟ࡼࡿᐃᮇⓗ࡞どᐹ࡟຾ࡿᑐ⟇ࡣ
࠶ࡾࡲࡏࢇࠋ᫬࡟ࡣࠊ⾤㢌ࡢ⏨ዪ࡟ᑐࡍࡿ↓సⅭ࡞࢖ࣥࢱࣅ࣮ࣗ࡟ࡼࡗ࡚ࠊᆅᇦ⤒῭ࡸ
ᨻ἞᝟ໃ࡟ࡘ࠸࡚⊂⮬ࡢどⅬࢆᚓࡿࡇ࡜ࡀ࡛ࡁࡿ࠿ࡶࡋࢀࡲࡏࢇࠋࡲࡓࠊᆅᨻᏛࣜࢫࢡ
ࢳ࣮࣒ࡣศᯒᑐ㇟ࡢᆅᇦᕷሙ࡟࠾࠸࡚ࠊᨻ㈈⏺࠾ࡼࡧ㐠⏝ᴗ⏺ࡢே⬦ࢆᵓ⠏ࡋ࡞ࡃ࡚ࡣ
࡞ࡾࡲࡏࢇࠋᅜ㝿♫఍࡟㈨ࡍࡿࢩࣥࢡࢱࣥࢡࡣᩘከࡃ࠶ࡾࡲࡍࠋࡑࡋ࡚ྛᆅࡢ᝟ሗᶵ㛵
ࡢ୰࡟ࡶࠊせㄳࡍࢀࡤᛌࡃᴫ␎ࢆᥦ౪ࡋ࡚ࡃࢀࡿ࡜ࡇࢁࡣከᩘ࠶ࡾࡲࡍࠋ
5. ࣏࣮ࢺࣇ࢛ࣜ࢜ࡢศᩓࢆ⥔ᣢ㸸ศᩓᢞ㈨ࡣ㏻ᖖ᫬࡟࠾࠸࡚ࡶ᭷ຠ࡞ᡭἲ࡛ࡍࡀࠊᆅᨻᏛ
ⓗࣜࢫࢡ࠿ࡽ࣏࣮ࢺࣇ࢛ࣜ࢜ࢆᏲࡿୖ࡛ࡶ᭷⏝࡛ࡍࠋ࡞ࡐ࡞ࡽࠊᆅᨻᏛⓗ༴ᶵࡸᆅᨻᏛ
ⓗ஦㇟ࡀⓎ⏕ࡋࡓ㝿࡟ᙳ㡪ࢆཷࡅࡿࡢࡣࠊ኱᢬ࠊ≉ᐃࡢᕷሙ࠶ࡿ࠸ࡣ㈨⏘ࡔ࠿ࡽ࡛ࡍࠋ
ࣜࢫࢡỈ‽ࡀ㧗ࡲࡿ࡜ࠊ㏻ᖖࡣཎἜࠊ㔠ࠊ࠾ࡼࡧമๆࡢ౯᱁ࡀୖ᪼ࡋࡲࡍࠋ୙☜ᐇᛶࡀ
ቑࡍ୰࡛ࡢศᩓᢞ㈨ࡢຠᯝࡣ௚࡟ࡶ࠶ࡾࡲࡍࠋᆅᨻᏛⓗ஦㇟ࡣࠊከࡃࡢሙྜࠊ஧㡯ᘧ࠶
ࡿ࠸ࡣ஧ᢥᆺࡢᕷሙண ࢆ⏕ࡳฟࡋࡲࡍࠋ࡞ࡐ࡞ࡽࠊᆅᨻᏛⓗ஦㇟ࡀⓎ⏕ࡍࡿ࠿ࡋ࡞࠸
࠿࡟ࡼࡗ࡚ぢ㏻ࡋࡀ኱ࡁࡃኚࢃࡿ࠿ࡽ࡛ࡍࠋ࣑ࢵࢻࢧ࢖ࢡࣝ㸦ࢧ࢖ࢡࣝࡢ୰㛫Ⅼ㸧ࢆண
᝿ࡋࠊࡑࢀ࡟ᇶ࡙࠸࡚㈨⏘㓄ศࢆỴᐃࡍࡿ࡜࠸࠺ࡢࡣࡼࡃ࠶ࡿᡭἲ࡛ࡍࡀࠊࡇ࠺ࡋࡓᡭ
ἲ࡟ᇶ࡙ࡃ࡜ᰴᘧ࡞࡝ࣜࢫࢡ㈨⏘ࢆ࣮࢜ࣂ࣮࢙࢘࢖ࢺࡋࠊ㔠฼ୖ᪼ࡢ๓ᥦࡢࡶ࡜മๆࡀ
࢔ࣥࢲ࣮࢙࢘࢖ࢺࡉࢀࡿྍ⬟ᛶࡀ࠶ࡾࡲࡍࠋࡇࡢᡓ␎ࡣ᏶඲࡟ྜ⌮ⓗ࡟ᛮ࠼ࡲࡍࡀࠊ㔜
኱࡞ᆅᨻᏛⓗ஦㇟ࡀⓎ⏕ࡋࡓሙྜࠊᢞ㈨ᐙࡣᏳ඲㈨⏘ࢆᚿྥࡍࡿࡓࡵࠊୖグࡢᡓ␎ࡣ඲
ࡃࡢኻᩋ࡜࡞ࡿྍ⬟ᛶࡀ࠶ࡾࡲࡍࠋᆅᨻᏛⓗ⥭ᙇࡀ㧗ࡲࡗࡓሙྜ࡟⌧ᅾࡢண᝿ࡀ࡝ࡢࡼ
࠺࡞ᙳ㡪ࢆཷࡅᚓࡿ࠿࡜࠸࠺⌮ゎࢆ῝ࡵࡿࡇ࡜ࡣࠊࣜࢫࢡ⟶⌮࡟࠾ࡅࡿᇶᮏⓗ࡞ࢸࢡࢽ
ࢵࢡ࡛ࡍࠋᢞ㈨ᐙࡀศᩓࡉࢀࡓࢹ࢕ࣇ࢙ࣥࢩࣈ࡞࣏࣮ࢺࣇ࢛ࣜ࢜ࢆᵓ⠏ࡍࡿᡭἲࡸࡑࡢ
ࢱ࢖࣑ࣥࢢ࡟ࡘ࠸࡚ࠊ୙ኚࡢ࣮ࣝࣝࡣ࠶ࡾࡲࡏࢇࠋ᭱㐺࡞ᡭἲࡣ㐠⏝ᡓ␎ࡸ┠ᶆ࡟ࡼࡗ
࡚࠶ࡿ⛬ᗘ␗࡞ࡾࡲࡍࠋࡋ࠿ࡋࠊศᩓᢞ㈨ࡢ㆟ㄽ࡟࠾࠸࡚ࡣࠊᆅᨻᏛⓗࣜࢫࢡࢆᖖ࡟ᛕ
㢌࡟⨨࠸࡚࠾࠿࡞ࡃ࡚ࡣ࡞ࡾࡲࡏࢇࠋ
6. ㈨⏘ࢡࣛࢫ࣭᫬㛫࡟ࡼࡗ࡚␗࡞ࡿ཯ᛂ㛵ᩘ㸸⮬↛⅏ᐖ࡜ྠᵝࠊᆅᨻᏛⓗ࡞ࢩࣙࢵࢡࡢᗘ
ྜ࠸ࡣࡉࡲࡊࡲ࡛ࡍࠋᩘ༑ேࡢ≛≅⪅ࢆฟࡍ⮬⇿ࢸࣟࡣᝒ᝺࡛ᜍࢁࡋ࠸ࡶࡢ࡛ࡍࡀࠊⓒ
୓ே༢఩ࡢ≛≅⪅ࢆฟࡍ኱ࡁ࡞ᡓதࡢຨⓎ࡟༉ᩛࡍࡿつᶍ࡜ࡣ࠸࠼ࡲࡏࢇࠋᒁᆅⓗ࡞஦
㇟ࡢᙳ㡪ࡀࢢ࣮ࣟࣂࣝᕷሙ࡟Ἴཬࡍࡿྍ⬟ᛶࡣప࠸࡛ࡍࡀࠊᙜヱᆅᇦࡢ㈨⏘ࢡࣛࢫ࡟ࡣ
⏒኱࡞ᙳ㡪ࡀཬࡪࡇ࡜ࡣ࠶ࡾᚓࡲࡍࠋࡲࡓከࡃࡢሙྜࠊᆅᨻᏛⓗ஦㇟ࡀⓎ⏕ࡍࡿ࡜ࠊᕷ
ሙࡣ᭱ึ཯ᛂࡋࠊࡑࡢᚋᩘ᪥࠶ࡿ࠸ࡣᩘ㐌㛫࠿ࡅ࡚ᙳ㡪ࡀᕷሙ࡟⧊ࡾ㎸ࡲࢀ࡚࠸ࡁࡲࡍࠋ
ᕷሙࡀࡇ࠺ࡋࡓືࡁࢆࡍࡿ⌮⏤ࡢ୍ࡘ࡜ࡋ࡚ࠊ᝟ሗࣇ࣮ࣟࡢၥ㢟ࠊࡍ࡞ࢃࡕࠊᙜึࡣ࠶
ࡲࡾ᝟ሗࢆᚓࡿࡇ࡜ࡀ࡛ࡁ࡞࠸࡜࠸࠺஦᝟ࡀ࠶ࡾࡲࡍࠋ᝟ሗࡀ㞟ࡲࡿ࡟ࡘࢀࠊᕷሙࡣࣜ
ࢫࢡࢆ෌ホ౯ࡋࠊ᭱ࡶᙳ㡪ࢆཷࡅࡿ࡛࠶ࢁ࠺㈨⏘ࡀࢱ࣮ࢤࢵࢺ࡜࡞ࡾࡲࡍࠋࡇ࠺ࡋࡓ≧
ἣ࡛ࡣࠊ࢔ࢡࢸ࢕ࣈᢞ㈨ᐙࡸ▷ᮇᢞ㈨ᐙ࡟࡜ࡗ࡚ࡣࠊ㈨⏘౯᱁ࡢୗⴠࠊୖ᪼ࡢ཮᪉ࡀᢞ
㈨ᶵ఍࡜࡞ࡾࡲࡍࠋࡲࡓࣟࣥࢢ࣮࢜ࣥࣜࡢ㛗ᮇᢞ㈨ᐙࡣࠊࢹ࢕ࣇ࢙ࣥࢩࣈ࡞࢔ࣟࢣ࣮ࢩ
7
㛵ಀ⪅㝈
ࣙࣥࢆᵓ⠏ࡋࡓୖ࡛ࠊ㐣ᑠホ౯ࡉࢀࡓ㈨⏘ࢆ㉎ධࡍࡿࡇ࡜࡛฼┈ࢆᚓࡿࡇ࡜ࡀ࡛ࡁࡿ࠿
ࡶࡋࢀࡲࡏࢇࠋ
7. ᆅᨻᏛⓗࣜࢫࢡ஦㇟࠿ࡽ฼┈ࢆᚓࡿࡇ࡜࡟ᑐࡍࡿᚰ⌮ⓗ᢬ᢠ㸸ᕷሙືྥ࠾ࡼࡧពᛮỴᐃ
ࡀ⾜ື⤒῭Ꮫࡢᙳ㡪ࢆཷࡅࡓ஦౛ࡀࡶ࠺୍ࡘ࠶ࡾࡲࡍࠋ2002 ᖺ࡟ࠗࢪ࣮ࣕࢼ࣭ࣝ࢜ࣈ࣭
ࢪ࣭࢔࣓࣭࣓ࣜ࢝ࣥࢹ࢕࣭࢝ࣝ࢔ࢯࢩ࢚࣮ࢩ࡛ࣙࣥ࠘Ⓨ⾲ࡉࢀࡓㄪᰝ࡟ࡼࡿ࡜ࠊ9࣭11
ࡢྠ᫬ከⓎࢸࣟࡢࡼ࠺࡞ᅜᐙࣞ࣋ࣝࡢ⾪ᧁⓗ࡞஦௳ࡢᚋࠊ⡿ᅜ࡛ࡣࠊ┤᥋ࢸࣟࡢ⿕ᐖ࡟
࠶ࡗ࡚࠸࡞࠸ே࡛ࡶࠊ஦௳ࢆᾘ໬ࡍࡿࡢ࡟ 6 ࢝᭶࠶ࡿ࠸ࡣࡑࢀ௨ୖࢆせࡍࡿሙྜࡀ࠶ࡿ
ࡇ࡜ࡀ᫂ࡽ࠿࡟࡞ࡾࡲࡋࡓࠋ2001 ᖺ 9 ᭶ 11 ᪥࡟ᕷሙࢆ✵኎ࡾࡋ࡚࠸ࡓᢞ㈨ᐙࡣࠊࡇࡢ
኱᝺๻࠿ࡽ฼┈ࢆᚓࡓࡇ࡜ࢆᚋ᜼ࡋ࡚࠸ࡿ࡜ࡍࡿドゝࡶ࠶ࡾࡲࡍࠋᕷሙཧຍ⪅ࡢከࡃࡣࠊ
ᆅᨻᏛⓗ஦㇟ࡀⓎ⏕ࡋࡓ㝿࡟ࠊ┦ሙୗⴠ࡟ࡼࡿᦆኻࡣᅇ㑊ࡋࡼ࠺࡜ࡍࡿࡶࡢࡢࠊ฼┈ࢆ
ᚓࡿ࡜࠸࠺ࡢࡣࡲࡓูၥ㢟࡛࠶ࡿࡇ࡜ࡀከ࠸ࡼ࠺࡛ࡍࠋ័ᛶ࡜࠸࠺ࡢࡣᙉຊ࡞స⏝ࢆᣢ
ࡕࠊᕷሙཧຍ⪅ࡀ㐺ṇ࡞ࢱ࢖࣑ࣥࢢ࡛ࣜࢫࢡࢆ✚ࡳቑࡍ࠶ࡿ࠸ࡣ๐ῶࡍࡿࡢࢆጉࡆࡿྍ
⬟ᛶࡀ࠶ࡾࡲࡍࠋࡋ࠿ࡋ࡞ࡀࡽࠊ㐣ཤࡢ೧኱࡞ᢞ㈨ᐙࡢ୰࡟ࡣࠊࡑ࠺ࡋࡓ⾜Ⅽࢆ⾜ࡗࡓ
ேࠎࡶᏑᅾࡋࡲࡍࠋࢼ࣏ࣞ࢜ࣥᡓதࡢ᭱୰࡟ⱥᅜᨻᗓ࡟㈨㔠ࢆᥦ౪ࡋࡓࢿ࢖ࢧ࣭࣓ࣥ࢖
࢔࣮࣭ࣟࢫࢳࣕ࢖ࣝࢻࡣࠊ࣮࣡ࢸ࣮ࣝࣟࡢᡓ࠸࡟㛵ࡍࡿ᝟ሗࢆබᘧ࣮ࣝࢺࡼࡾࡶ 1 ᪥᪩
ࡃධᡭࡋࠊࡑࡢ᝟ሗ࡟ᇶ࡙࠸࡚኎㈙ࢆ⾜࠺ࡇ࡜࡟ᡂຌࡋࡲࡋࡓࠋࡲࡓⱝࡁ᪥ࡢ J.P.ࣔࣝ
࢞ࣥࡣࠊ1860 ᖺ௦ึ㢌࡟༡໭ᡓத࡛໭㌷ࡢᚲせ≀㈨࡟ࡘ࠸࡚ᕦጁ࡞ᢞᶵࢆ⾜࠸ࠊ㈨⏘ࢆ
Ᏻࡃ㈙࠺ࡇ࡜࡛฼┈ࢆ࠶ࡆࡲࡋࡓࠋᙼࡣࡲࡓ 1893 ᖺ࠾ࡼࡧ 1907 ᖺࡢᜍៃࡢ㝿࡟ࡣ⡿ᅜ
ᨻᗓࡢᩆ῭࡟࠾࠸࡚ࡶ୍ᙺ㈙࠸ࡲࡋࡓࠋࡋ࠿ࡋࡇ࠺ࡋࡓᢞ㈨ᐙࡣࠊ౛እࡢ㒊㢮࡟ᒓࡋ࡚
࠸ࡲࡍࠋ
㐠⏝ពᛮỴᐃ࡟࠾ࡅࡿᆅᨻᏛⓗࣜࢫࢡ⟶⌮ࡢࣇ࣮࣒࣮ࣞ࣡ࢡ
ᅄࡘࡢ୺せࢸ࣮࣐
x ࠕ᪂ࡓ࡞ୡ⏺⛛ᗎࠖࡢ᥈ồ
x ࢢ࣮ࣟࣂࣝ໬࠿⣽ศ໬࠿㸦ࢣ࣋ࢵࢡࠊࢫࢥࢵࢺࣛࣥࢻࠊ࣋ࢿࢳ࢔ࠊ࢝ࢱ࣮ࣝࢽࣕࠊ࢝ࣜ
ࣇ࢛ࣝࢽ࢔ࠊࢸ࢟ࢧࢫࠊ࢔ࣛࢫ࢝ࠊࢩࣜࢥࣥࣂ࣮ࣞ㸧
x ከᴟⓗࢩࢫࢸ࣒࡬ࡢᅇᖐ࡜ࢢ࣮ࣟࣂࣝ♫఍࡟࠾ࡅࡿ⡿ᅜࡢᙳ㡪ຊࡢపୗ
x ኱㔞◚ቯරჾࡢᣑᩓ࡜ධᡭྍ⬟ᛶࡢྥୖ
㈨ᮏᕷሙ࡟࠾ࡅࡿᆅᨻᏛⓗࣜࢫࢡࡢᐃ⩏
x ࠕ⤒῭Ꮫࠖࡢ๓࡟ࠕᨻ἞ࠖࢆࡘࡅࡿ㸸ࠕᨻ἞⤒῭Ꮫࠖࡢ᚟ά࡜ࠕᆅᨻ⤒῭Ꮫࠖ
㸦Geopolitical Economics㸧ࡢᖥ㛤ࡅ
x ⌧௦ࡢ㈨ᮏᕷሙ࡟࠾࠸࡚ᆅᨻᏛⓗࣜࢫࢡࡀព࿡ࡍࡿࡶࡢ㸸ୡ⏺ࡢၟᴗάື࡜㈨ᮏᕷሙ࡟
ᑐࡋ࡚ᝏᙳ㡪ࢆཬࡰࡍ࠶ࡽࡺࡿᅜ㝿ⓗ࡞ฟ᮶஦㸦஦௳ࠊᡓதࠊᡓதࡢ⬣ጾࠊ୺せ࡞㈠᫆
ὶື㸦ཎἜ㸧ࡢΰ஘ࠊ㠉࿨ࠊࢸࣟάືࠊࢡ࣮ࢹࢱ࣮ࠊᬯẅࠊ೺ᗣ༴ᶵ㸧
x ࡼࡾ⊃⩏ࡢᐃ⩏㸸㛗ᮇⓗ࡞ᡓ␎ⓗ෌⦅࡟ᑐࡋ࡚ࡢࠕ✺↛ࡢᆅᨻᏛⓗࢩࣙࢵࢡࠖ㸦෭ᡓࡢ
⤊⤖࡜ࠕᩥ᫂ࡢ⾪✺ࠖࡢᗈࡀࡾ㸧
20 ୡ⣖ᮎ㹼21 ୡ⣖ึ㢌࡟࠾ࡅࡿᆅᨻᏛⓗṔྐほ
ᨾࣜࢳ࣮ࣕࢻ࣭࣍ࣝࣈࣝࢵࢡඖᅜ㐃኱౑ࡢⓎゝ㸸
x 20 ୡ⣖๓༙ࡣࣇ࢓ࢩࢬ࣒ᡴಽࡢ᫬௦࡜グ᠈ࡉࢀࡿࡔࢁ࠺
x 20 ୡ⣖ᚋ༙ࡣඹ⏘୺⩏ᡴಽࡢ᫬௦࡜グ᠈ࡉࢀࡿࡔࢁ࠺
8
㛵ಀ⪅㝈
ྠᵝ࡟ᡃࠎࡣ௨ୗࢆ☜ಙ㸸
x 21 ୡ⣖ࡢ᭱ึࡢᅄ༙ୡ⣖㸦ࡼࡾ▷ᮇ㛫࡛࠶ࢀࡤ࡞࠾Ⰻ࠸㸧ࡣࠊࢸࣟ࡜ࡢ㜚࠸࠾ࡼࡧ୰ᮾ
ࡢᨻ᝟୙Ᏻࠊᮾ࢔ࢪ࢔ࡢ⥭ᙇ㛵ಀࡢゎỴࠊࡑࡋ࡚ BRICs ࡟࠾ࡅࡿࢼࢩࣙࢼࣜࢬ࣒ࡢྎ㢌
ࡢ᫬௦࡜グ᠈ࡉࢀࡿࡔࢁ࠺
ࡼࡾ㛗ᮇࡢᆅᨻᏛⓗṔྐほ
x ᢏ⾡࡜᝟ሗࡢ㐍Ṍ࡟ࡼࡾࠊୡ⏺ྐࡢ㐍ᒎ㏿ᗘࡀຍ㏿
x ᆅᨻᏛࡢᑓ㛛ᐙࡣࡇࡢ᪂᫬௦ࢆᐃ⩏࡙ࡅࡿసᴗ࡟ྲྀࡾ⤌ࡴ
x ࣇࢡ࣐ࣖࠗṔྐࡢ⤊ࢃࡾ࠘㸦1989 ᖺ㸧
o Ṕྐࡣᬑ㐢ⓗືᶵ࡟ᚑ࠺
o ྛᆅ࡛άືࡍࡿໃຊࢆỈᖹศᯒ
o すὒࡢ⮬⏤Ẹ୺୺⩏ࡀ᭱Ⰻࡢᨻ἞యไ࡜⪃࠼ࡽࢀ࡚࠸ࡓ᫬௦
x ࣁࣥࢸ࢕ࣥࢺࣥࠗᩥ᫂ࡢ⾪✺࠘㸦1996 ᖺ㸧
o Ṕྐࢆື࠿ࡍࡢࡣࠕᢚไ୙⬟࡞⣮த࠾ࡼࡧ┦ᐜࢀ࡞࠸ㄽ⌮࡛ࠖ࠶ࡿ㸦౛㸸2014 ᖺ
ࡢ࢞ࢨᆅ༊࡟࠾ࡅࡿࣁ࣐ࢫ࡜࢖ࢫ࢚ࣛࣝࡢᑐ❧㸧
o ᐀ᩍ࠾ࡼࡧᩥ໬ࡀᙧᡂࡍࡿୡ⏺ࡢᨻ἞యไࢆᆶ┤ศᯒ
o ᩥ໬ࡢ㐪࠸ࡣᣢ⥆ࡋࠊࣇ࢛ࣝࢺ࣭ࣛ࢖ࣥ㸦ᩥ᫂㛫ࡢ᩿ᒙ⥺㸧ࡢ࿘㎶࡛ࡣ⣮தࡢⓎ
⏕ࡀ⥆ࡃ
x ࣑࣮ࢻࠕ⚄ࡣᡃࠎࡢഃ࡟㸫࢔࣓ࣜ࢝ࡢ㯲♧࡜ୡ⏺ࡢᯝ࡚ࡢࢩࣙࢵࣆࣥࢢ࣮ࣔࣝࠖ
o ࣇࢡ࣐ࣖ࡜ࣁࣥࢸ࢕ࣥࢺࣥࡢㄝࢆ⼥ྜࡋࠊ➨୕ࡢ㐨ࢆᥦၐ
x ࣮ࣖࢹ࢕ࣥࠊࢫࢱࢽࢫ࣮ࣟࠗᕷሙᑐᅜᐙ࠘㸦1998 ᖺ㸧
o 20 ୡ⣖᭱ᚋࡢᅄ༙ୡ⣖࡟࠾࠸࡚⮬⏤ᕷሙ࢖ࢹ࢜ࣟࢠ࣮ࡀᅜᐙ⤫ไࡢ⤒῭ࣔࢹࣝ࡟
ᑐࡋ࡚ᨻ἞ⓗ຾฼ࢆ཰ࡵࡓࡇ࡜ࢆᐉゝ
ᆅᨻᏛⓗࣜࢫࢡ࡟㛵ࡍࡿ஦௳㸦1900 ᖺ㹼2014 ᖺ 9 ᭶㸧
1990 ᖺ௦ࡣ౛እⓗ࡟✜ࡸ࠿࡞᫬௦ࠋṔྐⓗ࡟ࡣᆅᨻᏛⓗ஦㇟ࡀࡓࡧࡓࡧⓎ⏕
x ࢢ࣮ࣟࣂࣝ㈨ᮏᕷሙ࡟࠾࠸࡚ࠊ኱つᶍ࡞ᆅᨻᏛⓗ஦㇟ࡣ࠾࠾ࡴࡡ 15 ᖺ࠾ࡁ࡟Ⓨ⏕ࠋ➨୍
ḟୡ⏺኱ᡓ㸦1914 ᖺ㹼1918 ᖺ㸧ࠊ➨஧ḟୡ⏺኱ᡓ㸦1939 ᖺ㹼1945 ᖺ㸧ࠊᮅ㩭ᡓத
㸦1950 ᖺ㹼1953 ᖺ㸧ࠊ࣮࢟ࣗࣂ༴ᶵ 㸦1962 ᖺ㸧ࠊ࣋ࢺࢼ࣒ᡓத㸦1965 ᖺ㹼1973 ᖺ㸧ࠊ
࢜࢖ࣝࢩࣙࢵࢡ㸦1973 ᖺ㸧ࠊ࢖ࣛࣥ㠉࿨㸦1979 ᖺ㸧ࠊ‴ᓊᡓத㸦1990 ᖺ㹼1991 ᖺ㸧ࠊ
ୡ⏺ྠ᫬ከⓎࢸࣟ㸦2001 ᖺ 9 ᭶ 11 ᪥㸧ࠊ࢔ࣇ࢞ࢽࢫࢱࣥ⣮த㸦2001 ᖺ㹼2014 ᖺ㸧ࠊ
➨஧ḟ‴ᓊᡓத㸦2003 ᖺ㹼2011 ᖺ㸧
x ᑠつᶍ࡞஦௳ࡣ㢖Ⓨࠋ౛࠼ࡤࠊ࣋ࣝࣜࣥᑒ㙐㸦1948 ᖺ㸧ࠊࣁ࣮ࣥ࢞ࣜື஘㸦1956 ᖺ㸧ࠊ
ࢫ࢚ࢬ༴ᶵ㸦1956 ᖺ㸧ࠊ୰ᅜࡢᩥ໬኱㠉࿨㸦1965 ᖺ㸧ࠊࣉࣛࣁࡢ᫓㸦1968 ᖺ㸧ࠊࣉ࢚
ࣈࣟྕ஦௳㸦1968 ᖺ㸧ࠊ࢛࣮࢘ࢱ࣮ࢤ࣮ࢺ஦௳㸦1974 ᖺ㸧ࠊ࢖ࣛࣥ࢔࣓ࣜ࢝኱౑㤋ே
㉁஦௳㸦1979 ᖺ㸧ࠊࢢࣞࢼࢲ౵ᨷ㸦1983 ᖺ㸧ࠊࣃࢼ࣐౵ᨷ㸦1989 ᖺ㸧ࠊኳᏳ㛛஦௳
㸦1989 ᖺ㸧ࠊࢯ㐃 8 ᭶ࢡ࣮ࢹࢱ࣮㸦1991 ᖺ㸧ࠊୡ⏺㈠᫆ࢭࣥࢱ࣮⇿◚஦௳㸦1993 ᖺ㸧ࠊ
ྎ‴ᾏᓙ࣑ࢧ࢖ࣝ༴ᶵ㸦1996 ᖺ㸧ࠊ࢖ࣥࢻ࡜ࣃ࢟ࢫࢱࣥࡢ᰾ᐇ㦂㸦1998 ᖺ㸧ࠊ⡿Ⰴࢥ
࣮ࣝくᧁ஦௳㸦2000 ᖺ㸧ࠊᾏ༡ᓥ஦௳㸦2001 ᖺ㸧ࠊᮾḢㅖᅜࡢᨵ㠉㸦2002-2004 ᖺ㸧ࠊ
ࣂࣜᓥ⇿ᙎࢸࣟ஦௳㸦2002 ᖺ㸧ࠊࢫ࣌࢖ࣥิ㌴⇿◚஦௳㸦2004 ᖺ㸧ࠊࣟࣥࢻࣥྠ᫬⇿
◚஦௳㸦2005 ᖺ㸧ࠊࣁࣜࢣ࣮࣭ࣥ࢝ࢺ࣮ࣜࢼく᮶㸦2005 ᖺ㸧ࠊ໭ᮅ㩭ࡢ᰾ᐇ㦂㸦2006
ᖺ㸧ࠊࣂࢢ࣒ࣛ⡿✵㌷ᇶᆅ㸦࢔ࣇ࢞ࢽࢫࢱࣥ㸧くᧁ஦௳ 㸦2007 ᖺ㸧ࠊ༡࢜ࢭࢳ࢔⣮த
㸦2008 ᖺ㸧ࠊࣛࢩࣗ࢝ࣞࢺ࢖ࣂ࡟ࡼࡿ࣒ࣥࣂ࢖くᧁ஦௳㸦2008 ᖺ㸧ࠊࠕ࢔ࣛࣈࡢ᫓ࠖ
9
㛵ಀ⪅㝈
x
ࡢࡣࡌࡲࡾ㸦2010 ᖺ㸧ࠊ࢘࢕࣮࢟ࣜࢡࢫὶฟ஦௳㸦2010 ᖺ㸧ࠊࢩࣜ࢔ෆᡓຨⓎ㸦2011
ᖺ㸧ࠊᮾ᪥ᮏ኱㟈⅏࡜⚟ᓥཎⓎ஦ᨾ㸦2011 ᖺ㸧ࠊࠕ࢛࣮࢘ࣝ⾤ࢆ༨ᣐࡏࡼࠖ㐠ື
㸦2011 ᖺ㸧ࠊ࢔࣓ࣜ࢝ᅾእබ㤋くᧁ஦௳㸦2012 ᖺ㸧ࣁࣜࢣ࣮࣭ࣥࢧࣥࢹ࢕㸦2012 ᖺ㸧ࠊ
ࣇࣛࣥࢫ࡟ࡼࡿ࣐ࣜ㌷஦௓ධ㸦2013 ᖺ㸧ࠊ࣎ࢫࢺ࣐ࣥࣛࢯࣥ⇿ᙎࢸࣟ஦௳㸦2013 ᖺ㸧ࠊ
ࢫࣀ࣮ࢹࣥ࡟ࡼࡿ NSA ᶵᐦᭀ㟢㸦2013 ᖺ㸧ࠊ࢚ࢪࣉࢺࢡ࣮ࢹࢱ࣮㸦2013 ᖺ㸧ࠊࢩࣜ࢔
໬Ꮫරჾၥ㢟㸦2013 ᖺ㸧ࠊ࢚࣎ࣛฟ⾑⇕ࡢᣑ኱㸦2014 ᖺ㸧ࠊ࢘ࢡࣛ࢖ࢼ࣭ࢡ࣑ࣜ࢔༴
ᶵ㸦2014 ᖺ㸧ࠊ࢖ࢫ࣒ࣛ㐣⃭ὴ࡟ࡼࡿ࢖ࣛࢡ౵ᨷ㸦2014 ᖺ㸧ࠊ࢖ࣛࣥ᰾㛤Ⓨၥ㢟
㸦2014 ᖺ㸧㸦࣋࢖࣮ࣝࢺ࣭࢔࣓ࣜ࢝ᾏර㝲ර⯋⇿◚஦௳㸦1983 ᖺ㸧ࠊ࢜ࢡ࣐ࣛ࣍ࢩࢸ
࢕㐃㑥ᨻᗓࣅࣝ⇿◚஦௳ࠊ࣐ࣛࢣࢩࣗࡢࢸࣟ஦௳㸦2011 ᖺ㸧ࢼ࢖ࢪ࢙ࣜ࢔ዪᏊ⏕ᚐ㐃ࢀ
ཤࡾ஦௳㸦2014 ᖺ㸧ࠊࢣࢽ࢔ࢩࣙࢵࣆࣥࢢ࣮ࣔࣝくᧁ஦௳㸦2013 ᖺ 9 ᭶ 21 ᪥㹼24 ᪥㸧
࠾ࡼࡧࢼ࢖ࣟࣅࡢ⡿ᅜ኱౑㤋⇿◚஦௳㸦1998 ᖺ 8 ᭶ 7 ᪥㸧ࠊࡑࡋ࡚࢖ࣛࢡ࠾ࡼࡧ࢔ࣇ࢞
ࢽࢫࢱ࡛ࣥࡣ᪥ᖖⓗ࡟⇿◚஦௳ࡀⓎ⏕ࡋ࡚࠾ࡾ࡯ࡰ㞟ィ୙ྍ⬟㸧
ᅜ㐃ຍ┕ᅜ 193 ࢝ᅜࡀᵓᡂࡍࡿୡ⏺࡟࠾࠸࡚⤫ྜࡀ㐍ࡴ୰ࠊᆅᨻᏛⓗ஦㇟ࡢⓎ⏕㢖ᗘࡣ
ቑຍࡍࡿ࡜ண᝿
୺࡞ᆅᨻᏛⓗࣜࢫࢡ㸦2014 ᖺ㹼2024 ᖺ㸧
㆟ㄽࡢᯟ⤌ࡳ㸸ࠕྂࡃ࠿ࡽ࠶ࡿࠖၥ㢟ࠊࠕ᪂ࡓ࡞ࠊྂࡃ࠿ࡽ࠶ࡿࠖၥ㢟ࠊࠕ᪂ࡓ࡞ࠖၥ㢟
ࠕྂࡃ࠿ࡽ࠶ࡿࠖၥ㢟
x
x
x
x
x
x
⮬⏤㈨ᮏ୺⩏㸸ࠕ๰㐀ⓗ◚ቯࠖࢆక࠺ࡶࡢ࠿ࠊࡼࡾᐶᐜ࡞ࠕ♫఍୺⩏⪅ⓗ⣼≢ࠖࢆక࠺
ࡶࡢ࠿
᐀ᩍⓗᐶᐜ࠿ࠊࠕᩥ᫂ࡢ⾪✺ࠖ࠿
ᅜᐙ㛫ࡸᛮ᝿ࢢ࣮ࣝࣉ㛫ࡢጇ༠ࡢḞዴ
ở⫋
ୡ⏺ⓗ࡞බ⾗⾨⏕ၥ㢟࡜ࣃࣥࢹ࣑ࢵࢡ㸦ឤᰁ⑕ࡢୡ⏺ⓗὶ⾜㸧ࡢ⬣ጾ
ேཱྀືែ
ࠕ᪂ࡓ࡞ࠊྂࡃ࠿ࡽ࠶ࡿࠖၥ㢟
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
Ẽೃኚື
ᆅᨻᏛⓗኚ໬ࢆࡶࡓࡽࡍᡭẁ࡜ࡋ࡚ࡢࢸࣟࣜࢬ࣒ࡢᙺ๭
ᆅᇦ㞟ᅋ࡬ࡢᨻ἞ⓗ࣭⤒῭ⓗ⤫ྜ㸦࣮ࣘࣟᅪ㸧࠿ࠊࢼࢩࣙࢼࣜࢬ࣒ࡀᘬࡁ㉳ࡇࡍᑠつᶍ
ࣘࢽࢵࢺ࡬ࡢศゎ㸦ࣂࣝ࢝ࣥㅖᅜ㸧࠿
ୡ⏺ࡢࣃ࣮࣡ࣂࣛࣥࢫࡢኚ໬
෌㓄ศ୺⩏ⓗᨻ⟇㸸㈠᫆ࠊᢏ⾡ࠊ᝟ሗࠊ་⒪ࠊᐩ
ࣈࣞࢺࣥ࢘ࢵࢬᶵ㛵ࡢᨵ㠉㸸ୡ⏺㖟⾜࠾ࡼࡧᅜ㝿㏻㈌ᇶ㔠㸦IMF㸧
࢖ࢫ࣒ࣛᛴ㐍ὴࡣḢ⡿࡜ᑐ❧ࡋࠊ࢔ࣛࣈୡ⏺ࡢๅ᪂࡟ⱞᡓ
ࠕ᪂ࡓ࡞ࠖၥ㢟
x
x
x
x
x
኱㔞◚ቯරჾࡢᣑᩓࠊ࠾ࡼࡧ኱㔞◚ቯරჾࡀ฼⏝ࡉࢀࡿྍ⬟ᛶ
ᢏ⾡㐍Ṍ࡟ࡼࡾ኱つᶍ࡞ࢸࣟάືࡀᐜ᫆࡟
⤒῭ࡢࢢ࣮ࣟࣂࣝ໬࡟ࡼࡾ㈠᫆ࠊ᝟ሗࠊேཱྀ⛣ືࡀᛴቑࠋᅜᐙ㛫ࡢቃ⏺⥺ࡢ᭷ຠᛶࡀప
ୗ
ࢧ࢖ࣂ࣮ᨷᧁ
㑇ఏᏊ⤌ࡳ᥮࠼㣗ရ
10
㛵ಀ⪅㝈
x
▱ⓗ㈈⏘ᶒ
ᆅᇦูࡢࣜࢫࢡせᅉ
ᮾ࢔ࢪ࢔
x
x
x
x
x
x
୰ᅜࡢᙳ㡪ຊࡢୖ᪼ࠊ୰ᅜࡢᨻ἞ⓗ࣭⤒῭ⓗᏳᐃᛶࠊྎ‴ၥ㢟ࠊ㡿ᅵ࡜㈨※࡬ࡢ㔝ᚰ
᪥ᮏࡢᬒẼᅇ᚟ࠊࢼࢩࣙࢼࣜࢬ࣒㌿᥮ࡢྍ⬟ᛶ
ᮅ㩭༙ᓥࡢ⤫୍ࠊ໭ᮅ㩭ࡢ⾜ື࡜᰾㛤Ⓨィ⏬
᐀ᩍୖࡢ㐣⃭୺⩏ࠊࢸࣟࣜࢬ࣒ࠊ཯ᨻᗓໃຊ
࢖ࣥࢻࢿࢩ࢔ศ⿣
ࢩ࣏࣮ࣥ࢞ࣝࡢᙺ๭
༡࣭୰ኸ࢔ࢪ࢔
x
x
x
x
࢖ࣥࢻ࣭ࣃ࢟ࢫࢱࣥ㛫ࡢ⣮தࡢྍ⬟ᛶ
ࣃ࢟ࢫࢱࣥࡢ᰾රჾၥ㢟࡜ᣑᩓࣜࢫࢡࠊࣃ࢟ࢫࢱࣥᅜෆࡢ㐣⃭ὴṊ⿦ໃຊ
⤒῭⮬⏤໬ vs ఏ⤫୺⩏
2014 ᖺࡢ⡿ᅜ᧔㏥ᚋࡢ࢔ࣇ࢞ࢽࢫࢱࣥࡢᏳᐃᛶ
୰ᮾ
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
࢔ࣛࣈࡢ᫓ࡢవἼ
ࣃࣞࢫࢳࢼၥ㢟ࡢゎỴ
࢖ࣛࢡ㸸Ꮡ⥆࠿ศ⿣࠿ࠊ࢖ࢫ࣒ࣛᅜ
ࢩࣜ࢔㸸ෆᡓࠊ㐣⃭୺⩏ᅜᐙ㸦࢝ࣜࣇᅜᐙ㸧ࡀ࢖ࣛࢡ࡟Ἴཬࡍࡿࣜࢫࢡ
࢖ࣛࣥ㸸⚄ᶒᨻ἞ࡢ✜೺໬࡜᰾ၥ㢟ࡢゎỴ
ࢧ࢘ࢪ࢔ࣛࣅ࢔⋤ᅜࠊ࢚ࢪࣉࢺࠊࣚࣝࢲࣥࠊ࠾ࡼࡧࡑࡢ௚ࠕ✜೺࡞ࠖ࢔ࣛࣈㅖᅜࡢᑗ
᮶㸸Ḣ⡿࡬ࡢ᥋㏆࠿ࠊཎ⌮୺⩏໬࠿
୰ᮾࡢࡈࢁࡘࡁᅜᐙ㸦࢖ࣛࣥࠊࣜࣅ࢔ࠊࢩࣜ࢔㸧ࡀᔂቯࡋࡓሙྜ࡟⏕ࡌࡿᶒຊ✵ⓑ≧ែ
ࡢྍ⬟ᛶ
ࢺࣝࢥ㸸Ᏻᐃᛶࠊすὒ࠿ᮾὒ࠿
ᇦෆࢸࣟࣜࢬ࣒ࡢࣜࢫࢡࡢୖ᪼
᰾ᣑᩓ࡜ᇦෆࡢරჾ㛤Ⓨ➇தࡢࣜࢫࢡ
Ḣᕞ
x
x
x
x
x
x
Ḣᕞ㐃ྜ㸦EU㸧ࡢᣑ኱ࠊⱥᅜࡢ EU ⬺㏥ࡢྍ⬟ᛶ
⤒῭⤫ྜࡀᨻ⟇ࡢ㐪࠸ࢆ┦ẅࡍࡿ࠿ࠊ㈨ᮏ୺⩏ࢆᣄ⤯ࡋ࡚࣏ࣆࣗࣜࢬ࣒ⓗ⤒῭㐠Ⴀ࡜ྑ
⩼ᨻ἞ࢆཷࡅධࢀࡿ࠿
⌧ᅾࡢ⡿ᅜ୰ᚰࡢ⛛ᗎࢆᨭ᥼ࡍࡿ࠿ࠊ᪂ࡓ࡞ୡ⏺⛛ᗎࢆᥦၐࡍࡿ࠿
ࣟࢩ࢔ࡢᙺ๭㸸ࢼࢩࣙࢼࣜࢬ࣒ࡀྎ㢌ࡍࡿ୰࡛ࡢᅜෆࡢ♫఍ⓗ࣭⤒῭ⓗᏳᐃࠊ୙㏱᫂࡞
᭱⤊┠ᶆ
ศ㞳୺⩏ໃຊ㸸ࣂࢫࢡࠊ࢔࢖ࣝࣛࣥࢻࠊࣂࣝ࢝ࣥㅖᅜࠊ࢝ࢱ࣮ࣝࢽࣕࠊ࣋ࢿࢳ࢔ࠊࢫࢥ
ࢵࢺࣛࣥࢻ
໭኱すὒ᮲⣙ᶵᵓ㸦NATO㸧ࡢᑗ᮶
୰༡⡿
x
Ẹ୺୺⩏ࠊ㈨ᮏ୺⩏ࠊ࣏ࣆࣗࣜࢬ࣒ࠊ࠶ࡿ࠸ࡣ⊂⿢ᨻ἞
11
㛵ಀ⪅㝈
x
x
x
x
x
࣓࢟ࢩࢥ㸸ᅜ㝿≢⨥⤌⧊ࡢࣜࢫࢡࠊở⫋ࠊᨵ㠉ࡢつᶍ
࢔ࣝࢮࣥࢳࣥ㸸㏻㈌ษࡾୗࡆ࡜ࢹࣇ࢛ࣝࢺࡢ෌᮶
࣋ࢿࢬ࢚ࣛ㸸ᨻ἞ࣔࢹࣝࡢ㑅ᢥ
ࣈࣛࢪࣝ㸸ᨻ἞ࣔࢹࣝࡢ㑅ᢥ
ࢥࣟࣥࣅ࢔㸸཯ᨻᗓໃຊ࡟ᑐࡍࡿྲྀࡾ⤌ࡳ࡜⤒῭ᨵ㠉࡟㐍ᒎࡀぢࡽࢀࡿ
࢔ࣇࣜ࢝
x
x
x
x
x
ࠕ㐜ࢀࡓ኱㝣ࠖ࡬ࡢᨭ᥼࡜୺ὶὴ࡬ࡢ௰㛫ධࡾ
HIV ࡢࡲࢇᘏ࡜࢚࣎ࣛฟ⾑⇕ࡢᣑ኱
⤒῭࣭་⒪࣭ᢏ⾡࣭ᩍ⫱ࡢ᱁ᕪࡀ⦰ᑠࡍࡿ࠿ࠊᣑ኱ࡍࡿ࠿
ࠕ◚ࡓࢇᅜᐙࠖ࡬ࡢᑐฎ
໭࣭ᮾ࣭す࢔ࣇࣜ࢝࡟࠾ࡅࡿࢸࣟࡢࣜࢫࢡ
໭⡿
x
x
x
x
x
x
⡿ᅜࡀࣘࢽࣛࢸࣛࣜࢬ࣒㸦༢⊂⾜ື୺⩏㸧࠶ࡿ࠸ࡣ࣐ࣝࢳࣛࢸࣛࣜࢬ࣒㸦ከᅜ㛫୺⩏㸧
࡟⛣⾜ࡋࠊ㉸኱ᅜ࡜ࡋ࡚ࡢᙺ๭ࢆಟṇࡍࡿ࠿
ᅜෆᨻ἞ࡢ஧ᴟ໬
⛣Ẹ࡜༡㒊ࡢᅜቃ࡟㛵ࡍࡿၥ㢟
࢔ࢡࢸ࢕ࣅࢫࢺ࡜ࡋ࡚እᅜ㖟⾜࡟⨩㔠ࢆ⛉ࡋ⥆ࡅࡿ⡿ᅜ
⡿ᅜෆࡢ࢚ࢿࣝࢠ࣮࣭ࣝࢿࢵࢧࣥࢫ࡜⪁ᮙ໬ࡋࡓ࢖ࣥࣇࣛ
ࢧ࢖ࣂ࣮ᨷᧁ࡟ᑐࡍࡿ⬤ᙅᛶ
ୡ⏺ⓗ㔠⼥༴ᶵࡢᘬࡁ㔠࡜࡞ࡿᆅᨻᏛⓗࣜࢫࢡ
x
x
x
እ஺ၥ㢟ホ㆟఍ࡢሗ࿌࡟ࡼࡿ࡜ࠊ1980 ᖺ࠿ࡽ 2000 ᖺࡲ࡛ࡢ㛫࡟ᑡ࡞ࡃ࡜ࡶ 125 ࢝ᅜࡀ
㖟⾜ၥ㢟ࢆᢪ࠼ࡓ⤒㦂ࡀ࠶ࡾࠊࡑࡢ࠺ࡕ༙ᩘࡀ◚ࡓࢇ࡟ࡘ࡞ࡀࡾࡲࡋࡓࠋ㸦ࠕ㔠⼥༴ᶵ
ࡣ᪂ࡋ࠸ၥ㢟࡛ࡣ࡞࠸ࠋ㐣ཤ 20 ᖺ㛫ࡔࡅࢆぢ࡚ࡶࠊ125 ௨ୖࡢᅜࡀᑡ࡞ࡃ࡜ࡶ୍ᗘࡣ῝
้࡞㖟⾜ၥ㢟ࢆ⤒㦂ࡋࡓࠋࡑࡢ࠺ࡕ༙ᩘ௨ୖ࡟࠾࠸࡚ࠊ㏵ୖᅜࡢᅜෆ㖟⾜ࢩࢫࢸ࣒඲య
ࡀᐇ㉁ⓗ࡟◚ࡓࢇࡋࡓࠋࠖ㸧
ୡ⏺ࡢ┦஫᥋⥆ᛶࡣࡇࢀࡲ࡛࡟࡞ࡃ㧗ࡲࡗ࡚࠸ࡲࡍࠋୡ⏺ࡢ GDP ࡟ᑐࡍࡿ㈠᫆ࡢẚ⋡
ࡣ 1980 ᖺ࡟ࡣ 20.9%࡛ࡋࡓࡀࠊ1990 ᖺ࡟ࡣ 18.3%ࠊ2000 ᖺ࡟ࡣ 24.1%ࠊࡑࡋ࡚ 2013
ᖺ࡟ࡣ 31.3%࡜࡞ࡾࡲࡋࡓࠋ
ୡ⏺ࡢ⤒῭ࢩࢫࢸ࣒ࡣࠊᛴ㏿࡞ᢏ⾡ኚ໬ࢆྲྀࡾධࢀࡼ࠺࡜➇࠸ྜ࠸ࠊࡑࡢ⤖ᯝࠊ౪⤥㐣
๫࡟ࡼࡿࢹࣇࣞᅽຊ࡟ࡋࡤࡋࡤ㝗ࡾࡲࡍࠋࡑࢀࡀᨻ᝟୙Ᏻࢆ⏕ࡳฟࡍᅵተ࡜࡞ࡾࡲࡍࠋ
ពᛮỴᐃ⪅ࡣࠊ࢝ࣥࢺ࣮ࣜࣜࢫࢡ᱁௜ࡅࢧ࣮ࣅࢫ࠿ࡽᚓࡓ᝟ሗ࡟ᇶ࡙࠸࡚ࠊᆅᨻᏛⓗࣜࢫࢡࡢ
୍ぴ࡟☜⋡ࢆᙜ࡚ࡣࡵࡿ࠿ࡶࡋࢀࡲࡏࢇࠋࡋ࠿ࡋࡇࢀࡲ࡛ᑓ㛛ᐙࡢ࡯࡜ࢇ࡝ࡣࠊᐃ㔞ศᯒࢆ㔜
どࡍࡿ㢳ᐈࡢࡓࡵ࡟ࠕ୺ほⓗࠖ࠶ࡿ࠸ࡣࠕࣄ࣮ࣗࣜࢫࢸ࢕ࢵࢡ㸦」㞧࡞ၥ㢟ࢆ⣲᪩ࡃゎỴࡍࡿ
ࡇ࡜ࡀồࡵࡽࢀࡿ㝿࡟⏝࠸ࡿࠊ᏶⎍࡛ࡣ࡞࠸ࡀࠊ࠶ࡿ⛬ᗘṇゎ࡟㏆࠸ゎࢆᚓࡿࡓࡵࡢᡭἲ㸧ࠖ
࡟ࣜࢫࢡ☜⋡ࢆసࡾୖࡆ࡚࠸ࡲࡋࡓࠋ࠸ࡃࡽ፣᭤ⓗ࡟⾲⌧ࡋ࡚ࡶࠊࡇ࠺ࡋࡓࠕ☜⋡ࡢసᡂࠖࡣ
⤖ᒁࠕ኱㞧ᢕ࡞ィ⟬࡛ࠖࡋ࠿࠶ࡾࡲࡏࢇࠋ
౛࠼ࡤࠊ௒ᚋ 25 ᖺ௨ෆ࡟ᮅ㩭༙ᓥࡀ⤫୍ࡉࢀࡿ☜⋡ࡣ㧗࠸㸦80%㹼90%㸧࡜ᛮࢃࢀࡲࡍࠋࡋ࠿
ࡋࠊࡑࢀࡀ࠸ࡘ࡝ࡢࡼ࠺࡟㉳ࡇࡿ࠿ࠊṇ☜࡟ண᝿ࡍࡿࡇ࡜ࡣ࡛ࡁࡲࡏࢇࠋࡇࡢࡼ࠺࡟సᡂࡉࢀ
ࡓ☜⋡ࢆ฼⏝ࡍࡿ㝿࡟ࡣὀពࡋ࡞ࡃ࡚ࡣ࡞ࡾࡲࡏࢇࠋࡇ࠺ࡋࡓ☜⋡ᩘ್࡟㢗ࡾࡓ࠸࡜࠸࠺ㄏᝨ
12
㛵ಀ⪅㝈
ࡣࠊ៏ᚰࢆ⏕ࡳฟࡋ࠿ࡡࡲࡏࢇࠋ③࠸┠࡟࠶ࡗ࡚ึࡵ࡚ࢃ࠿ࡿࡇ࡜࠿ࡶࡋࢀࡲࡏࢇࡀࠊ㧗☜⋡
࡛Ⓨ⏕ࡀண᝿ࡉࢀ࡚࠸ࡓ஦㇟ࡀⓎ⏕ࡋࡓሙྜ࡜ẚ࡭࡚ࠊప☜⋡ࡢ஦㇟ࡀ✺↛Ⓨ⏕ࡍࡿሙྜࡢ᪉
ࡀࠊᙳ㡪ࡣ᩿↛኱ࡁ࠸ࡢ࡛ࡍࠋ⊂⮬࡟⪃࠼ࠊࡍ࡭࡚ࡢࣜࢫࢡࢆ㔜どࡋࠊࡑࡋ࡚ணᮇࡏࡊࡿ஦㇟
ࡢⓎ⏕࡟ഛ࠼ࡿࡇ࡜ࡀ㔜せ࡛ࡍࠋ
2014 ᖺ 9 ᭶᫬Ⅼ࡟࠾ࡅࡿ୺せ࡞₯ᅾⓗᆅᨻᏛⓗࣜࢫࢡ
௨ୗ࡟ᣲࡆࡓᆅᨻᏛⓗࣜࢫࢡࡢ୍ぴࡣࠊໟᣓⓗ࡞ࡶࡢ࡛ࡣ࠶ࡾࡲࡍࡀࠊࡍ࡭࡚ࡢྍ⬟ᛶࢆ⥙⨶
ࡋࡓࡶࡢ࡛ࡣ࠶ࡾࡲࡏࢇࠋࣈࣛࢵࢡࢫ࣡ࣥࡢࣜࢫࢡ㸦ㄡࡶண᝿ࡋ࡞࠿ࡗࡓ஦㇟ࡀ㉳ࡇࡿࣜࢫࢡ㸧
࡜ྠᵝࠊᆅᨻᏛⓗࣜࢫࢡࡢ୍㒊ࡣࠊᮏ㉁ⓗ࡟ࠊ࠶ࡽ࠿ࡌࡵ▱ࡿࡇ࡜ࡀ࡛ࡁ࡞࠸ࡶࡢ࡞ࡢ࡛ࡍࠋ
ࡲࡓࠊࣜࢫࢡࡢᵓᡂࡣ᫬࡜࡜ࡶ࡟ኚ໬ࡋࡲࡍࠋ
1. ໭ᮅ㩭㸸໭ᮅ㩭ࡣᡭ࡟࠾࠼࡞࠸ၥ㢟ᅜᐙ࡛ࠊ஦ᐇୖࡢ୰ᅜࡢᒓᅜ࡛ࡍࠋ⮬ࡽసࡾୖࡆࡓ
㝸㞳ࡉࢀࡓୡ⏺࠿ࡽእ⏺࡬᫬ᢡጼࢆ⌧ࡋ࡚ࡣࠊᅜ㝿ᨭ᥼ࢆồࡵࡲࡍࠋẖᅇࠊᨭ᥼ࡢぢ㏉
ࡾ࡜ࡋ࡚ࠊ௚ᅜࡢࡼ࠺࡟ࡩࡿࡲ࠺ࡇ࡜ࢆ⣙᮰ࡋࡲࡍࡀࠊᏲࡽࢀࡓࡇ࡜ࡣ࠶ࡾࡲࡏࢇࠋࡇ
ࡢࠕୡᤞ࡚ே⋤ᅜࠖࡢࢩࢼࣜ࢜ࡣ୕ࡘࠊࡍ࡞ࢃࡕࠊ1㸧㡑ᅜ࡜ࡢ⤫୍ࠊ2㸧ᨷᧁᛶࡀ㧗ࡲ
ࡾࠊ኱㔞◚ቯරჾࢆྵࡴṊჾ㍺ฟࡀຍ㏿ࠊ3㸧⌧≧⥔ᣢ࡛ࡍࠋᡃࠎࡣࠊ⌧≧⥔ᣢࡢྍ⬟ᛶ
ࡀ᭱ࡶ㧗࠸࡜⪃࠼࡚࠸ࡲࡍࠋ
2. ୰ᅜ㸫᪥ᮏ㸸୰ᅜࡣࠊୡ⏺࡟࠾ࡅࡿᆅ఩ࡢྥୖ࡟ྜࢃࡏ࡚㌷஦ຊࡢቑᙉࢆ㐍ࡵ࡚࠸ࡲࡍࠋ
᪥ᮏࡣ⡿ᅜ࡜ࡢᙉຊ࡞ྠ┕᮲⣙ࢆ⫼ᬒ࡟ࠊ㌷஦㠃࡛ࡣ✜ᙜ࡞⮬⾨ᡓຊࢆಖᣢࡍࡿ࡟࡜࡝
ࡲࡗ࡚࠸ࡲࡋࡓࡀࠊ஦ែࡣኚࢃࡾࡘࡘ࠶ࡾࡲࡍࠋṔྐⓗ࡞ᩛᑐ㛵ಀ࡜ࠊᮾࢩࢼᾏ࡟࠾ࡅ
ࡿ⌧ᅾࡢᑐ❧ࢆ⫼ᬒ࡟ࠊఱࡽ࠿ࡢၥ㢟ࡀⓎ⏕ࡍࡿྍ⬟ᛶࡀ㧗ࡲࡗ࡚࠸ࡲࡍࠋࢩࢼࣜ࢜ࡣ
୕ࡘࠊࡍ࡞ࢃࡕࠊ1㸧⥭ᙇࡣ㧗ࡲࡿࡶࡢࡢ⌧≧⥔ᣢࠊ2㸧ᑠつᶍ࠶ࡿ࠸ࡣ๓⥺࡛ࡢ㌷஦⾜
ືࡀ⣮தࡢⅆ✀࡜࡞ࡾ⡿ᅜࡀ௓ධࠊ3㸧ఱࡽ࠿ࡢ஦௳ࢆࡁࡗ࠿ࡅ࡟୧ᅜࡢᾏ㌷ࡀ⾪✺ࠊ࡛
ࡍࠋ⌧≧⥔ᣢࡢྍ⬟ᛶࡀ᭱ࡶ㧗࠸࡛ࡍࡀࠊഅⓎⓗ࡞ᑠつᶍࡢ㌷஦ⓗ஦௳ࡢྍ⬟ᛶࡶ㧗ࡲ
ࡗ࡚࠸ࡲࡍࠋ
3. ୰ᅜ㸫ᮾ༡࢔ࢪ࢔㸸ᮾ༡࢔ࢪ࢔ㅖᅜ࡟࡜ࡗ࡚୰ᅜࡣ㠀ᖖ࡟㔜せ࡞㈠᫆┦ᡭ࡛ࠊ୰ᅜࡀᇦ
ෆ࡛ໃຊࢆቑࡍ࡟ࡘࢀࠊᏳᚰឤ࡜୙Ᏻឤࡀྠ᫬࡟⏕ࡲࢀ࡚࠸ࡲࡍࠋ୰ᅜࡀ༡ࢩࢼᾏ࡛㡿
᭷ᶒࢆ୺ᙇࡋࠊྠᆅᇦࡢᅜࠎ࡜ࡢ㛫࡛⥭ᙇࡀ⏕ࡌ࡚࠸ࡲࡍࠋᑗ᮶㉳ࡇࡾ࠺ࡿࢩࢼࣜ࢜ࡣࠊ
1㸧୰ᅜࡀᇦෆ࡛ࡢᙳ㡪ຊࢆά࠿ࡋࠊ㌷஦ຊ࡟㢗ࡽࡎ┠ⓗࢆ㐩ࡍࡿࠊ2㸧㡿ᾏ࡟࠾ࡅࡿᑠ
つᶍ࡞ᑠ➇ࡾྜ࠸ࡢ㢖ᗘࡀቑࡋࠊ⤒῭ไ⿢ࡸ⚗㍺ᥐ⨨࡟Ⓨᒎࡍࡿྍ⬟ᛶࠊ3㸧እ஺ୖࡢྜ
ព࡟ࡼࡾ㈨※ࢆඹ᭷ࠊ4㸧⌧≧⥔ᣢࡀ⥆ࡃࡶᑐ❧ࡣṧࡾࠊᑠつᶍࡢᑠ➇ࡾྜ࠸ࡀ᫬ࠎⓎ⏕ࠊ
࡞࡝࡛ࡍࠋྍ⬟ᛶࡀ᭱ࡶ㧗࠸ࡢࡣࠊ୰ᅜࡀᙳ㡪ຊࢆ⾜౑ࡋ࡚┠ⓗࢆ㐩ᡂࡍࡿ࡜࠸࠺ࢩࢼ
࡛ࣜ࢜ࡍࡀࠊ⥭ᙇࡣ⥅⥆ࡍࡿ࡛ࡋࡻ࠺ࠋ
4. ࢖ࣥࢻ㸫ࣃ࢟ࢫࢱࣥ㸸࢖ࣥࢻࠊࣃ࢟ࢫࢱࣥ୧ᅜࡣ༡࢔ࢪ࢔ࡅࡿ᰾ಖ᭷ᅜ࡛ࠊ㐣ཤ୕ᗘ࡟
ࢃࡓࡾ඲㠃ⓗ࡞ᡓதࢆ⾜ࡗ࡚࠸ࡲࡍ㸦1947 ᖺࠊ1965 ᖺࠊ࠾ࡼࡧ 1971 ᖺ㸧ࠋࡲࡓࠊ
1999 ᖺࡢ࣮࢝ࣝࢠࣝ⣮த࡛ࡣࠊࣃ࢟ࢫࢱࣥ㌷ࡀ೵ᡓࣛ࢖ࣥࢆ㉺࠼࡚࢖ࣥࢻ㡿ࡢ࢝ࢩ࣑࣮
ࣝᆅ᪉࡬౵ධࡋࡓ࡜ࡉࢀࠊ࢖ࣥࢻ࡟ࡼࡿ㌷஦ሗ᚟ࢆᣍࡁࡲࡋࡓࠋᅜቃ௜㏆࡛ࡢᑠ➇ࡾྜ
࠸ࡣ㢖Ⓨࡋࠊᘬࡁ⥆ࡁ࢝ࢩ࣑࣮ࣝࡀᑐ❧ࡢཎᅉ࡜࡞ࡗ࡚࠸ࡲࡍࠋ㌷஦ຊ࡛ࡣ࢖ࣥࢻࡀඃ
ࡗ࡚࠸ࡲࡍࡀࠊ㌷஦ຊࡢᕪࡣ᰾ࡢᢚṆຊ࡟ࡼࡗ࡚↓ព࿡࡞ࡶࡢ࡜࡞ࡾࠊබ↛ࡓࡿ⣮த⾜
Ⅽࡢྍ⬟ᛶࡣపୗࡋ࡚࠸ࡲࡍࠋࣃ࢟ࢫࢱࣥࡢ᰾ಖ᭷ࢆ຺᱌ࡍࡿ࡜ࠊࣃ࢟ࢫࢱࣥᅜෆࡢᨻ
᝟୙Ᏻࡀࡉࡽ࡟ᝏ໬ࡋࡓሙྜࡣၥ㢟ࡀ⏕ࡌࡲࡍࠋྍ⬟ᛶࡀ᭱ࡶ㧗࠸ࡢࡣ⌧≧⥔ᣢ࡛ࡍࡀࠊ
ࣃ࢟ࢫࢱࣥ࡟࠾ࡅࡿ㐣⃭୺⩏࢖ࢹ࢜ࣟࢠ࣮ࡸࣛࢩࣗ࢝ࣞࢺ࢖ࣂࢆࡣࡌࡵ࡜ࡍࡿ‽ᅜᐙ⤌
⧊ࡢᏑᅾࡀ஦ែࢆᝏ໬ࡉࡏࡿྍ⬟ᛶࡣᖖ࡟࠶ࡾࡲࡍࠋ
13
㛵ಀ⪅㝈
5. ୰ᅜ㸫⡿ᅜ㸸⡿୰㛵ಀࡣࠊ࠾ࡑࡽࡃୡ⏺࡛᭱ࡶ㔜せ࡞஧ᅜ㛫㛵ಀ࡛ࡍࠋ᫬ᢡᦶ᧿ࡀ⏕ࡌ
ࡿࡶࡢࡢᏳᐃࡋࡓ㛵ಀ࡜࠸࠼ࡿ࡛ࡋࡻ࠺ࠋ୧ᅜࡣࡇࢀࡲ࡛ከࡃࡢၥ㢟࡟ࡘ࠸࡚ᘓタⓗ࡞
㆟ㄽࢆ஺ࢃࡋ࡚ࡁࡲࡋࡓࡀࠊࢧ࢖ࣂ࣮ᨷᧁࠊྎ‴ၥ㢟ࠊ㏻㈌ࠊẼೃኚືࠊ୰ᅜᾏ㌷ࡢቑ
ᙉࠊ࠾ࡼࡧேᶒၥ㢟ࢆࡵࡄࡗ࡚ࡣᘬࡁ⥆ࡁ⥭ᙇ㛵ಀ࡟࠶ࡾࡲࡍࠋࡇ࠺ࡋࡓᦶ᧿ࡀ㧗ࡌ࡚
㌷஦⾪✺࡟Ⓨᒎࡍࡿ࡜ࡍࢀࡤࠊ᪥ᮏࠊྎ‴ࠊ࠾ࡼࡧࢧ࢖ࣂ࣮ᨷᧁ࡟㛵ࡍࡿពぢࡢ┦㐪ࡀ
ᘬࡁ㔠࡜࡞ࡿྍ⬟ᛶࡀ᭱ࡶ㧗࠸࡛ࡋࡻ࠺ࠋ୧ᅜ࡜ࡶ࠾஫࠸ࡢᑐ❧ࢆᮃࢇ࡛࠾ࡽࡎࠊࡋࡓ
ࡀࡗ࡚ࠊ᪥୰㛫ࡢ⥭ᙇ㛵ಀࡣᘬࡁ⥆ࡁ୙☜ᐇᛶࢆ⏕ࡴせᅉ࡜࡞ࡾࠊ୰ᅜࡣࡑࡢ⤒῭ຊࢆ
Ṋჾ࡟ྎ‴ࢆ⮬ᅜࡢໃຊᅪ࡟ᘬࡁධࢀࡼ࠺࡜┠ㄽࡳ⥆ࡅࡿ࡛ࡋࡻ࠺ࠋࡑࡋ࡚᭱ࡶ㔜せ࡞
࣡࢖ࣝࢻ࣮࢝ࢻࡣࠊពᅗⓗ࠶ࡿ࠸ࡣഅⓎⓗ࡞ࢧ࢖ࣂ࣮ୖࡢ኱᝺஦ࡢྍ⬟ᛶ࡛ࡍࠋ
6. ྎ‴㸸ྎ‴ࡣ୰ᅜࡢࠕࡢ࡝࡟่ࡉࡗࡓ㦵ࠖ࡜ࡶ࠸࠼ࡿ⮬἞༊ᇦ࡛ࠊ⡿ᅜࡢẸ୺ⓗࣃ࣮ࢺ
ࢼ࣮࡛࠶ࡾࠊ ྎ‴ᾏᓙࢆࡵࡄࡗ࡚ࡣ⡿୰㛫ࡢ┤᥋ⓗ࡞⾪✺ࡢⅆ✀࡜࡞ࡿྍ⬟ᛶࡶ࠶ࡾࡲ
ࡍࠋྎ‴⤒῭ࡣሀㄪ࡛ࠊྠᅜ࡛ࡣ᫬ᢡ୰ᅜ࡜ᑐ❧ࡍࡿ⮬⏤ᕷሙᚿྥࡢᣦᑟ⪅ࡀ㑅ࡤࢀࡿ
ഴྥࡀᙉࡃ࠶ࡾࡲࡍࠋ୰ᅜࡣࠊᑗ᮶ࠊᖹ࿴ⓗ࡟ྎ‴ࢆྲྀࡾᡠࡍࡓࡵࠊྎ‴࡜ࡢ⤒῭ⓗࡘ
࡞ࡀࡾࡢᵓ⠏࡟ὀຊࡋ࡚࠸ࡲࡍࠋᙜ㠃ࡣ୰ᅜࡀࡇࡢᡓ␎ࢆ⥆ࡅࡿࡶࡢ࡜ண᝿ࡉࢀࡲࡍࠋ
ࡑࢀ௨እࡢࢩࢼࣜ࢜࡜ࡋ࡚ࠊ1㸧ྎ‴ࡀ୰ᅜࡢ཯ឤࢆ㈙࠸ࠊࢧ࢖ࣂ࣮ᨷᧁࡲࡓࡣ㌷஦ᨷᧁ
ࢆཷࡅࡿࠊ2㸧୰ᅜࡀ⤒῭ᡓ␎࡟ࡋࡧࢀࢆษࡽࡋࠊࡑࡢ௚ࡢᡭẁ࡟㌿᥮ࡍࡿࠊ3㸧⡿ᅜࡀ
ྎ‴Ᏻ඲ಖ㞀ࢆᥦ౪ࡍࡿ࡜࠸࠺㸦᥍࠼ࡵ࡟ぢ࡚ࡶ㸧୰ᅜ࡟ᑐࡍࡿᩛᑐⓗ࡞Ỵ᩿࡟㋃ࡳษ
ࡿࠊ࡞࡝ࡢྍ⬟ᛶࡶ⪃࠼ࡽࢀࡲࡍࠋྎ‴ࡣୡ⏺࡟࠾ࡅࡿ୺せ࡞ࣇ࢛ࣝࢺࣛ࢖ࣥ㸦ᩥ᫂㛫
ࡢ᩿ᒙ⥺㸧࡛ࡍࡀࠊ⌧ᅾࡢぢ㏻ࡋࡣࠊ⌧≧⥔ᣢ࡛ࡍࠋ
7. ࢱ࢖㸸ࢱ࢖࡛ࡣࢡ࣮ࢹࢱ࣮ࡀ⤯࠼㛫࡞ࡃⓎ⏕ࡋ࡚࠸ࡲࡍࠋ2006 ᖺ࡟ࢡ࣮ࢹࢱ࣮ࡀⓎ⏕ࡋࠊ
2008 ᖺ㹼2010 ᖺ࡜ 2013 ᖺ㹼2014 ᖺ࡟ࡣᨻ἞༴ᶵ࡟ぢ⯙ࢃࢀࠊ2014 ᖺ࡟ࡣ෌ᗘࢡ࣮ࢹ
ࢱ࣮ࡀⓎ⏕ࡋ࡚࠾ࡾࠊࢱ࢖ࡢᨻ἞ࢩࢫࢸ࣒ࡣ㠀ᖖ࡟⬤ᙅ࡛ࡍࠋྠᅜࡣ࠿ࡘ࡚࢔ࢪ࢔ࡢᕼ
ᮃࡢᫍ࡜ࡳ࡞ࡉࢀ࡚࠸ࡲࡋࡓࡀࠊᨻ἞ၥ㢟࡟㛵ࡍࡿ୙㏱᫂ᛶࡢᙳ㡪࠿ࡽ⤒῭ࡣᚋ㏥ࡋ࡚
࠸ࡲࡍࠋࢡ࣮ࢹࢱ࣮ᚋࡢ㌷஦ᨻᶒࡣ⤒῭㔜どࡢጼໃࢆぢࡏ࡚࠸ࡲࡍࡀࠊ୙Ᏻᐃ࡞ᨻ἞య
ไ࡜ᛴ㏿࡞ᶒຊ⛣⾜ࡢྍ⬟ᛶࡀㄢ㢟࡜࡞ࡗ࡚࠸ࡲࡍࠋࡲࡓࠊ࢖ࢫ࣒ࣛᩍᚐࡀఫࡴࠊⓎᒎ
ࡀ㐜ࢀࡓ༡㒊࡛ࡣࠊ཯ᨻᗓໃຊࡢάືࡶάⓎ࡛ࡍࠋࢱ࢖ࡀ࠸ࡲ୍ᗘୡ⏺ࡢᕷሙ࡛㍤ࡁࢆ
ྲྀࡾᡠࡍྍ⬟ᛶࡣ࠶ࡾࡲࡍࡀࠊࡑࡢࡓࡵ࡟ࡣ኱つᶍ࡞ᨻ἞ᨵ㠉ࡀᚲせ࡛ࡋࡻ࠺ࠋ
8. ࢖ࣥࢻࢿࢩ࢔㸸⤒῭ᡂ㛗࡜ᨻ἞Ᏻᐃࢆᐇ⌧ࡋࡓ࢖ࣥࢻࢿࢩ࢔ࡣࠊ᪂⯆ᅜࡢᡂຌ౛࡜ᗈࡃ
ཷࡅṆࡵࡽࢀ࡚࠸ࡲࡍࠋྠᅜࡣࢪ࢙࣐࣭࢖ࢫ࣑ࣛ࢔࡟ࡼࡿࢸࣟࡢ⬣ጾࢆ㏥ࡅࡿࡇ࡜࡟ᡂ
ຌࡋࡲࡋࡓࡀࠊ࢔ࢳ࢙ᕞࡸࣃࣉ࢔ᕞ࡛ࡣ⊂❧㐠ືࡀ⥆ࡁࠊࣜࢫࢡせᅉ࡜࡞ࡗ࡚࠸ࡲࡍࠋ
᭱㏆࢖ࣥࢻࢿࢩ࢔࡛ࡣ᪂ࡋ࠸኱⤫㡿ࡀ㑅ฟࡉࢀࠊ௒ᚋࡢᨵ㠉ࡀᮇᚅࡉࢀࡲࡍࠋ୍᪉ࠊ௚
ᅜ࡜ྠᵝࠊࢩࣜ࢔ࡢእᅜே㒊㝲࡛⩏ຬර࡜ࡋ࡚ᡓ㜚⾜Ⅽ࡟ᦠࢃࡗ࡚࠸ࡓேࠎࡀᖐ㑏ࡍࢀ
ࡤࠊ࢖ࣥࢻࢿࢩ࢔ᅜෆ࡛᪂ࡓ࡞ᭀຊࡢⅆ✀࡜࡞ࡿྍ⬟ᛶࡀ࠶ࡾࡲࡍࠋ20 ᖺ๓࡟ࡶྠᵝ࡟
࢔ࣇ࢞ࢽࢫࢱࣥ࠿ࡽࡢ⩏ຬරࡢᖐ㑏ࡀ࠶ࡾࡲࡋࡓࠋぢ㏻ࡋࡣᏳᐃⓗ࡛ࡍࡀࠊ࣐࣮ࣞࢩ࢔
ࡸࢱ࢖࡞࡝ᇦෆ௚ᅜࡢၥ㢟ࡀἼཬࡍࡿྍ⬟ᛶࡣ࠶ࡾࡲࡍࠋ
9. ࢧ࢘ࢪ࢔ࣛࣅ࢔㸸ࢧ࢘ࢪ࢔ࣛࣅ࢔ࡢ⤫἞యไࡣࠊኳ↛㈨※ࢆ᭷ຠά⏝ࡋࡘࡘᅜෆࡢ♫఍
ⓗ࣭ᩥ໬ⓗ⥭ᙇࢆࢥࣥࢺ࣮ࣟࣝࡍࡿ࡜࠸࠺ࡶࡢ࡛ࠊࡇࡢ࡝ࡕࡽ࠿ࡀᅽຊࢆཷࡅࢀࡤࣂࣛ
ࣥࢫࡀᔂቯࡋࡲࡍࠋྠᅜࡣࠊᅜෆእ࡛⏕ࡲࢀࡓ㐣⃭ὴṊ⿦ໃຊࡢ⬣ጾ࡟ࡋࡤࡋࡤ┤㠃ࡋࠊ
ࡲࡓ୰ᮾᆅᇦ࡟࠾࠸࡚㧗ࡲࡿ࢖ࣛࣥࡢ㔝ᮃ࡟ࡉࡽࡉࢀ࡚࠸ࡲࡍࠋ⡿ᅜ࡜࢖ࣛࣥࡢ᰾༠㆟
ࡢ⤖ᯝḟ➨࡛ࡣࠊࢧ࢘ࢪ࢔ࣛࣅ࢔࡛Ᏻ඲ಖ㞀ୖࡢᠱᛕࡀ㧗ࡲࡿྍ⬟ᛶࡀ࠶ࡾࡲࡍࠋࢧ࢘
ࢪ࢔ࣛࣅ࢔ࡢෆᨻ࣭እ஺ᨻ⟇ࡣ⌧≧⥔ᣢ࡜࡞ࡿྍ⬟ᛶࡀ㧗࠸ࡶࡢࡢࠊࡑࡢ௚ࡢࢩࢼࣜ࢜
࡜ࡋ࡚ࡣࠊ1㸧ᅜෆࡢ኱ࡁ࡞⬣ጾࡀ⤫἞యไࢆ⬣࠿ࡍࠊ2㸧࢖ࣛࢡ࠾ࡼࡧࢩࣜ࢔ࢆࡵࡄࡗ
࡚࢖ࣛࣥ࡜ࡢ⥭ᙇࡀ㧗ࡲࡾࠊ௦⌮ᡓத࠿ࡽ┤᥋ⓗ࡞ᑐ❧࡟Ⓨᒎࡋࠊ᰾㛤Ⓨ࡟஌ࡾฟࡍྍ
⬟ᛶࠊ3㸧⡿ᅜ࡜࢖ࣛࣥࡢ᰾ၥ㢟ࢆዎᶵ࡟ࠊࢧ࢘ࢪ࢔ࣛࣅ࢔࡛⮬⏤໬ࡀ㐍ࡴࠊ࡞࡝ࡀ࠶ࡾ
14
㛵ಀ⪅㝈
ࡲࡍࠋࢩࣜ࢔࠾ࡼࡧ࢖ࣛࢡ࡟࠾࠸࡚㐣⃭୺⩏ᅜᐙࡀᣑ኱ࡍࢀࡤࠊࢧ࢘ࢪ࢔ࣛࣅ࢔ࡢᣦᑟ
⪅ࡸ࢚ࢿࣝࢠ࣮㛵㐃ࡢ࢖ࣥࣇࣛ᪋タࡀࢱ࣮ࢤࢵࢺ࡜࡞ࡿࣜࢫࢡࡶ࠶ࡾࡲࡍࠋ
10. ࢖ࣛࣥ㸸ࡇࢀࡲ࡛ᅜ㝿♫఍࡟࠾ࡅࡿỌ㐲ࡢ᭱ୗᒙᅜᐙࡢ఩⨨࡙ࡅ࡟࠶ࡗࡓ࢖ࣛࣥࡶࠊᏙ
❧≧ែ࠿ࡽ⬺ࡍࡿྍ⬟ᛶࡀ࠶ࡾࡲࡍࠋ⡿ᅜ࡜࢖ࣛࣥࡢ᰾༠㆟ࢆࡵࡄࡗ࡚ࡣពぢࡀ኱ࡁࡃ
ᑐ❧ࡋ࡚࠸ࡲࡍࡀࠊ༠㆟ࡣ⥆࠸࡚࠸ࡲࡍࠋ༠㆟ࡀỴ╔ࡍࢀࡤࠊᕷሙࡣ࠸ࡎࢀ࠿ࡢ᪉ྥ࡟
኱ࡁࡃືࡃ࡛ࡋࡻ࠺ࠋ᰾༠㆟ࡀྡ┠ୖࡢᡂຌࢆ཰ࡵࢀࡤࠊ࢖ࣛࣥ㸦࠾ࡼࡧ࢖ࣛࣥࡢಖ᭷
ࡍࡿ▼Ἔ㈨※㸧ࡀᚎࠎ࡟ୡ⏺⤒῭࡟᚟ᖐࡍࡿྍ⬟ᛶࡀ࠶ࡾࡲࡍࠋ୍᪉ࠊ༠㆟ࡀኻᩋ࡟⤊
ࢃࢀࡤࠊᑗ᮶ⓗ࡟᰾᪋タ࡟ᑐࡋ࡚ఱࡽ࠿ࡢ⾜ືࡀ࡜ࡽࢀࡿྍ⬟ᛶࡀ㧗ࡲࡿ࡛ࡋࡻ࠺ࠋ࢖
ࣛࣥࡣ࢖ࣛࢡ࠾ࡼࡧࢩࣜ࢔ࡢ⣮த࡟ᕳࡁ㎸ࡲࢀࠊ࢖ࣛࣥࡢ฼ᐖࡣ࢖ࣛࢡ࡛ࡣ⡿ᅜ࡜୍⮴
ࡍࡿ୍᪉ࠊࢩࣜ࢔࡛ࡣᑐ❧ࡋ࡚࠸ࡲࡍࠋࡲࡓࠊࢧ࢖ࣂ࣮ᨷᧁࡢ⬟ຊࡢྥୖ࡟ࡣὀពࡀᚲ
せ࡛ࠊࡉࡽ࡟ࠊୡ⏺ྛᆅ࡛Ṋຊᨷᧁ࡜㔠⼥ྲྀᘬࢆ㐙⾜ࡍࡿࡇ࡜ࢆ┠ⓗ࡟タ❧ࡉࢀࡓࢡࢵ
ࢬࣇ࢛࣮ࢫ࡜ࣄࢬ࣎ࣛ࡟࠾ࡅࡿᖜᗈ࠸࢖ࣛࣥேࡢࢿࢵࢺ࣮࣡ࢡࡶ⬣ጾ࡛ࡍࠋ㏆࠸ᑗ᮶࢖
ࣛࣥࡀᔂቯࡍࡿྍ⬟ᛶࡣప࠸࡛ࡋࡻ࠺ࠋࡲࡓࠊ࢖ࣛࢡ࠾ࡼࡧࢩࣜ࢔ෆࡢྠ┕ໃຊࢆ࢖ࣛ
ࣥࡀᨭ᥼ࡍࢀࡤᆅᇦෆࡢᑐ❧⃭໬ࡢྍ⬟ᛶࡣ㧗ࡲࡾࡲࡍࠋ᰾༠㆟ࡢ⤖ᯝ࡟ࡘ࠸࡚ࡣࠊᡂ
ຌ࡜ኻᩋࠊࡑࢀࡒࢀྠ➼ࡢྍ⬟ᛶࢆ᭷ࡋ࡚࠸ࡲࡍࠋ
11. ࢖ࣛࢡ㸸࢖ࣛࢡࡣࢼࢩࣙࢼࣜࢬ࣒࡟ࡼࡗ࡚࠿ࢁ࠺ࡌ࡚⤫୍ࢆಖࡗ࡚࠸ࡲࡍࡀࠊ୍㒊ࡢண
᝿ࢆୖᅇࡿᅇ᚟ຊࡶ♧ࡋ࡚࠸ࡲࡍࠋࡇࡢேⅭⓗ࡟タ❧ࡉࢀࡓᅜᐙࡀ୕ࡘࡢໃຊ࡟ศ⿣ࡍ
ࡿྍ⬟ᛶࡀᚎࠎ࡟㧗ࡲࡗ࡚࠸ࡲࡍࡀࠊࡑࡢ㐨➽ࡣᘬࡁ⥆ࡁ୙㏱࡛᫂ࡍࠋ࢖ࣛࣥ࠾ࡼࡧ⡿
ᅜࡣ໭㒊ࡢ཯஘ໃຊࡢᧁ㏥࡜ᙅయ໬ࢆ┠ᣦࡋ࡚࠾ࡾࠊࡑࡢ⤖ᯝࠊᚑ᮶ࡢ୙Ᏻᐃ࡞యไࡀ
᚟άࡍࡿྍ⬟ᛶࡶ࠶ࡾࡲࡍࡀࠊࡑࡢሙྜࠊࢡࣝࢻே⊂❧ࡢྍ⬟ᛶࡣᾘ⁛ࡋࡲࡍࠋ཯஘ໃ
ຊࡀ࢖ࣛࢡ໭㒊࠾ࡼࡧࢩࣜ࢔༡す㒊࡛ᡂຌࢆ⥆ࡅࢀࡤࠊᚑ᮶ࡢయไ࡬ࡢ᚟ᖐࡢྍ⬟ᛶࡣ
పୗࡋࠊࡇࢀࡲ࡛⤫἞ࡉࢀࡎ࡟ࡁࡓᆅᇦ࡟࠾࠸࡚࢖ࢫ࣒ࣛᅜࡀ⤫ᣓࡍࡿ᪂ࡓ࡞㐣⃭୺⩏
ᅜᐙࡀㄌ⏕ࡋࡲࡍࠋࡇࢀࡣ୰ᮾᆅᇦࡢ࡯࡜ࢇ࡝ࡍ࡭࡚ࡢᅜ࡟࡜ࡗ࡚⬣ጾ࡜࡞ࡿ࡛ࡋࡻ࠺ࠋ
⤫୍⥔ᣢࡢ☜⋡ࡀศ⿣ࢆୖᅇࡾࡲࡍࡀࠊศ⿣ࡢྍ⬟ᛶࡀᚎࠎ࡟㧗ࡲࡗ࡚࠸ࡲࡍࠋḢ⡿࡛
࢖ࣛࢡே࡟ࡼࡿ኱つᶍ࡞ࢸࣟᨷᧁࡀ࠶ࢀࡤࠊྠᅜࡢ⾜᪉ࡶࡲࡓᵝኚࢃࡾࡍࡿྍ⬟ᛶࡀ࠶
ࡾࡲࡍࠋ
12. ࢩࣜ࢔㸸ࢩࣜ࢔ෆᡓࡣ௒ᚋࡶ࠶ࡽࡺࡿព࿡࡟࠾࠸࡚୰ᮾࡢᑗ᮶ࢆ༨࠺ୖ࡛ࡢヨ㔠▼࡜࡞
ࡿ࡛ࡋࡻ࠺ࠋࢩࣜ࢔࡟࠾࠸࡚཯஘ໃຊࡀᡂᯝࢆୖࡆࡓࡇ࡜ࡀࠊ࢖ࣛࢡ໭㒊࡟࠾ࡅࡿ཯஘
ࡢᡂຌࢆᣍࡁࡲࡋࡓࠋࡲࡓ⩏ຬරࡀࢩࣜ࢔཯ᨻᗓໃຊࡢእᅜே㒊㝲࡬ὶධࡋࠊୡ⏺ࢆ୙
Ᏻ࡟㝗ࢀ࡚࠸ࡲࡍࠋࡇ࠺ࡋࡓ⩏ຬරࡢᖐ㑏࡟ࡼࡾྛᅜࡢᏳ඲ࡀ⬣࠿ࡉࢀࡿ࠿ࡽ࡛ࡍࠋࣟ
ࢩ࢔࠾ࡼࡧ࢖ࣛࣥ࡜࠸࠺ᙉຊ࡞ྠ┕ᅜࡢᨭ᥼ࡶ࠶ࡾࠊ࢔ࢧࢻᨻᶒࡣ⃭ࡋ࠸ᨷᧁࢆࡋࡢ࠸
࡛࠸ࡲࡍࠋࡑࡋ࡚Ᏻᐃࢆồࡵࡿኌࡀ⮬⏤࡟ᡴࡕ຾ࡕࠊ࢔ࢧࢻᨻᶒ࡟෌ࡧὶࢀࡀഴࡁࡘࡘ
࠶ࡿྍ⬟ᛶࡀ࠶ࡾࡲࡍࠋඛ⾜ࡁࡣ」㞧࡛ࠊ1㸧⌧ᅾࡢᅜቃෆ࡛᏶඲࡟Ᏻᐃ໬ࠊ2㸧ࢻࢗࣝ
࣮ࢬὴࠊࢡࣝࢻேࠊࢫࣥࢽὴࠊࢩ࣮࢔ὴࡀศ㞳⊂❧ࠊ3㸧᏶඲࡞ᔂቯ࡜ෆᡓ㛗ᮇ໬ࠊ࡞࡝
ࡢࢩࢼࣜ࢜ࡀ⪃࠼ࡽࢀࡲࡍࠋ୍㒊ศ⿣࠾ࡼࡧᮾ㒊ࡢෆᡓ⥅⥆ࡢྍ⬟ᛶࡀ㧗ࡃࠊࣚࣝࢲࣥࠊ
ࣞࣂࣀࣥࠊ࠾ࡼࡧࢺࣝࢥ࡟ࡶࡑࡢᙳ㡪ࡀཬࡪྍ⬟ᛶࡀ࠶ࡾࡲࡍࠋ
13. ࢞ࢨ㸸࢞ࢨᆅ༊࡛ࡣࠊ୙ᖾ࡞ࡇ࡜࡟ࠊ࢖ࢫ࢚ࣛࣝ࡜ࣁ࣐ࢫࡢ⾪✺ࡀ᪥ᖖⓗ࡟Ⓨ⏕ࡋ࡚࠸
ࡲࡍࠋேᶒ≧ἣࡀ༴ࡪࡲࢀࠊࡲࡓᅜ㝿♫఍ࡣࣁ࣐ࢫࡀᨭ᥼≀㈨ࢆ㌷஦┠ⓗ࡛౑⏝ࡍࡿࡇ
࡜࡟ᑐࡋ㦫វࡋ࡚࠸ࡿࡼ࠺࡛ࡍࠋ௒ᚋࡢࢩࢼࣜ࢜࡜ࡋ࡚ࡣࠊ1㸧5㹼10 㐌㛫ࡢᚋࠊ࢖ࢫࣛ
࢚ࣝࡀ୍᪉ⓗ࡟೵ᡓࠊ2㸧୧ໃຊ࡜ࡶ࡟ඃ఩࡟❧ࡘࡇ࡜ࢆ≺ࡗ࡚⣮தࡀ⥅⥆ࠊᇦෆࡢໃຊ
࡟ΰ஘ࢆࡶࡓࡽࡍྍ⬟ᛶࠊ3㸧࢚ࢪࣉࢺࡲࡓࡣ⡿ᅜࡢ௰⿢࡛೵ᡓ࡟ྜពࠊ࡞࡝ࡀ⪃࠼ࡽࢀ
ࡲࡍࠋ෌ᘓᨭ᥼ࡣᘬࡁ⥆ࡁ୙㏱࡛᫂ࡍࡀࠊ▷ᮇࡢ⾪✺ࡀ⥆ࡃྍ⬟ᛶࡣ㧗࠸࡛ࡋࡻ࠺ࠋ
14. ࣚࣝࢲࣥᕝすᓊ㸸ࣃࣞࢫࢳࢼ⮬἞ᨻᗓࡣࣚࣝࢲࣥᕝすᓊࢆ⟶㎄ࡋࠊ࢞ࢨᆅ༊࡟࠾ࡅࡿࣁ
࣐ࢫ࡜ࡣ␗࡞ࡿᡓ␎ࢆᚿྥࡋ࡚࠸ࡲࡍࠋࡋ࠿ࡋ⮬἞ᨻᗓࡢᣦᑟ⪅ࡣ⮬ࡽࡀ୙Ᏻᐃ࡞≧ἣ
15
㛵ಀ⪅㝈
࡟࠶ࡿࡇ࡜ࢆㄆ㆑ࡋ࡚࠸ࡲࡍࠋ࢞ࢨᆅ༊࡛ࡢಙ⏝ࢆ㧗ࡵࠊ₯ᅾⓗ࡟ࣁ࣐ࢫࡢໃຊࢆᙅࡵ
ࡿࡓࡵ࡟ࡣࠊ⮬἞ᨻᗓࡣࣁ࣐ࢫ࡜࡜ࡶ࡟࢖ࢫ࢚ࣛࣝ࡟❧ࡕྥ࠿ࢃ࡞ࡃ࡚ࡣ࡞ࡾࡲࡏࢇࠋ
ࡇࢀ࡟ࡼࡗ࡚࢖ࢫ࢚ࣛࣝ࡜ࣃࣞࢫࢳࢼ⮬἞ᨻᗓࡢ㛵ಀࡣ෭࠼㎸ࡳࡲࡍࡀࠊ┠ୗࡢ࡜ࡇࢁࠊ
ࣚࣝࢲࣥᕝすᓊ࡟Ṋຊࡀᗈࡀࡿྍ⬟ᛶࡣప࠸࡛ࡋࡻ࠺ࠋ
15. ࣌ࣝࢩࣕ‴ᓊㅖᅜ㸸࣌ࣝࢩࣕ‴ᓊࡢ୺せ࡞⏘Ἔᅜ࡟㛵㐃ࡍࡿ᭱኱ࡢᆅᨻᏛⓗࣜࢫࢡࡣࠊ
ᅜෆせᅉ࡛ࡍࠋಖᏲὴໃຊ࡜㏆௦໬ࢆ᥎㐍ࡍࡿໃຊࡢ㛫ࡢ⥭ᙇ࠿ࡽ୧⪅ࡢ᩿⤯ࡣ῝ࡲࡾࠊ
⌧ᅾࡢ⤫἞యไࡀ༴㝤࡟ࡉࡽࡉࢀࡿྍ⬟ᛶࡶ࠶ࡾࡲࡍࠋ࣐࣮࢜ࣥࡸࣂ࣮࣮ࣞࣥࠊࢡ࢙࢘
࣮ࢺ࡞࡝ࡢᅜ࡛ࡣࡍ࡛࡟Ẹ୺໬㐠ືࡶ㉳ࡇࡾࠊ⦆ࡸ࠿࡞ᨻ἞ᨵ㠉ࡀ⾜ࢃࢀࡲࡋࡓࠋࡲࡓࠊ
ᑠつᶍ࡞ࡀࡽ㔠⼥ࡢ୰ᚰᆅ࡜ࡋ࡚ࡢᆅ఩ࡀ㧗ࡲࡿ࡟ࡘࢀࠊつไࢆࡵࡄࡗ࡚Ḣ⡿ᨻᗓ࡜ࡢ
㌵㎚ࡶ⏕ࡌࠊᕷሙࡸ㈨⏘࡟ᙳ㡪ࡀཬࡪྍ⬟ᛶࡶ࠶ࡾࡲࡍࠋ⌧≧⥔ᣢࡢྍ⬟ᛶࡀ㧗࠸࡛ࡍ
ࡀࠊ୍㒊ࡢᅜ࡛ࡣࡼࡾ㐣⃭୺⩏ⓗ࡞࣏ࣆࣗࣜࢬ࣒㐠ື࡟ᒅ᭹ࡍࡿྍ⬟ᛶࡶ᏶඲࡟᤼㝖ࡍ
ࡿࡇ࡜ࡣ࡛ࡁࡲࡏࢇࠋ
16. ࢖࢚࣓ࣥ㸸࢖࢚࣓ࣥࡣ㈨※ࡢḞஈ࡜㐣⃭୺⩏࢖ࢹ࢜ࣟࢠ࣮࡜࠸࠺ၥ㢟ࢆᢪ࠼࡚࠸ࡲࡍࠋ
‴ᓊㅖᅜࡢࡼ࠺࡞㈨※࡟ᜨࡲࢀ࡞࠸ࡇ࡜ࡶࡉࡿࡇ࡜࡞ࡀࡽࠊ࢖࢚࣓࡛ࣥࡣỈࡀ୙㊊ࡋ࡚
࠸ࡲࡍࠋ㐲࠿ࡽࡎ㈨※ࢆࡵࡄࡿத࠸ࡀ㉳ࡇࡿྍ⬟ᛶࡢ࠶ࡿ⯙ྎࡢ୍ࡘ࡜࠸࠼ࡲࡍࠋຍ࠼
࡚ࠊྠᅜ࡟࠾ࡅࡿ࢔ࣝ࢝࢖ࢲചୗࡢࢸࣟ⤌⧊㸦࢔ࣛࣅ࢔༙ᓥࡢ࢔ࣝ࢝࢖ࢲࠊAQAP㸧ࡣ
᭱㏆ࡲ࡛ࡣ⡿ᅜෆ࡟࠾࠸࡚᭱኱ࡢ⬣ጾ࡜࡞ࡗ࡚࠸ࡲࡋࡓࠋAQAP ࡣࢧ࢘ࢪ࢔ࣛࣅ࢔ࡶᶆ
ⓗ࡜ࡋ࡚࠸ࡲࡍࠋ࢖࢚࣓࡛ࣥࡣ࠿ࡘ࡚ෆᡓࡀ࠶ࡾࠊ㈨※ࡢḞஈࡸ㐣⃭ὴ⤌⧊ࡢᏑᅾࡢᙳ
㡪ࡀࢧ࢘ࢪ࢔ࣛࣅ࢔ࡸ࣌ࣝࢩࣕ‴ᓊㅖᅜ࡟ཬࡪྍ⬟ᛶࡶ࠶ࡿ࡛ࡋࡻ࠺ࠋ
17. ࢚ࢪࣉࢺ㸸3 ᖺ࡟ࢃࡓࡿᢠ㆟㐠ືࠊ㦁஘ࠊẸ୺໬ࠊᭀືࠊ࠾ࡼࡧෆᡓࢆ⤒࡚ࠊ࢚ࢪࣉࢺ
ࡣࢩ࣮ࢩ࣮኱⤫㡿ࡢୗࠊⴠࡕ╔ࡁࢆྲྀࡾᡠࡋࡘࡘ࠶ࡾࡲࡍࠋࡋ࠿ࡋࠊ⤒῭࠾ࡼࡧ♫఍
ⓗ࣭ᩥ໬ⓗᇶ┙ࡢ෌ᘓࡣࡇࢀ࠿ࡽ࡛ࡍࠋ኱ࡁ࡞தⅬࡣࠊࡼࡾ୰ኸ㞟ᶒᆺࡢ࢔ࣉ࣮ࣟࢳࢆ
࡜ࡿ⌧ᅾࡢᨻᶒࡀᨻ⟇ࢆᐇ⾜ࡍࡿ㛫ࠊࢡ࣮ࢹࢱ࣮ࡢ⤒㦂ࢆ⤒ࡓᕷẸࡽࡀᚸ⪏ࢆ⥔ᣢ࡛ࡁ
ࡿ࠿࡜࠸࠺Ⅼ࡛ࡍࠋࡇࢀࡣࡍ࡞ࢃࡕࠊ࢚ࢪࣉࢺ࡟ࡣ኱ࡁ࡞ࣜࢫࢡࡀṧࡗ࡚࠸ࡿࡇ࡜ࢆព
࿡ࡋ࡚࠸ࡲࡍࠋ
18. ࣜࣅ࢔㸸ࣜࣅ࢔ࡣࠊṊ⿦ໃຊࡸẸර⤌⧊ࠊṊჾࡀ࠶ࡩࢀࡿ‽◚ࡓࢇᅜᐙ࡛ࡍࠋ⏘Ἔᅜ࡛
ࡍࡀࠊྠᅜࡢࣜࢫࢡ࡜୙Ᏻᐃᛶࢆ⫼ᬒ࡟ࠊḢ⡿ࡢ࢚ࢿࣝࢠ࣮௻ᴗࡢከࡃࡣࡍ࡛࡟ᶒ┈ࢆ
኎༷ࡋ࡚࠸ࡲࡍࠋ⤫἞࡜෌ᘓ࡬ࡢ㐨ࡣᅔ㞴࡞ࡶࡢ࡜࡞ࡿ࡛ࡋࡻ࠺ࠋࣜࣅ࢔ࡢᑗ᮶࡟㛵ࡍ
ࡿࢩࢼࣜ࢜࡜ࡋ࡚ࡣࠊ1㸧‽◚ࡓࢇᅜᐙ࡜ࡋ࡚⌧≧ࡢࡲࡲᏑ⥆ࡍࡿࠊ2㸧ࡉࡽ࡟ศ⿣ࡍࡿࠊ
3㸧Ẹර⤌⧊ࡀ೵ᡓ࠾ࡼࡧᬻᐃᨻᶒ࡜ࡢ஺΅࡟ྜពࡍࡿࠊࡀ⪃࠼ࡽࢀࡲࡍࠋ⌧≧⥔ᣢࡢྍ
⬟ᛶࡀ㧗࠸࡛ࡍࡀࠊṊ⿦ໃຊࡀᅜቃࢆ㉺࠼࡚࢔ࣝࢪ࢙ࣜ࢔ࠊ࢚ࢪࣉࢺࠊࢫ࣮ࢲࣥࠊࢳࣗ
ࢽࢪ࢔ࠊ࠾ࡼࡧ༡Ḣ࡟ὶධࡍࡿ࡜࠸࠺Ἴཬຠᯝࡀ┿ࡢ⬣ጾ࡜࠸࠼ࡲࡍࠋ
19. ࢺࣝࢥ㸸ࢺࣝࢥࡣ໭኱すὒ᮲⣙ᶵᵓ㸦NATO㸧ࡢຍ┕ᅜ࡛ࠊ༡㒊࡬ࡢṊຊໃຊࡢἼཬࠊ
㞴Ẹࡢὶධࠊ࠾ࡼࡧ⤒῭೵ࡢྍ⬟ᛶࡀᚎࠎ࡟῝้໬ࡋ࡚࠸ࡲࡍࠋࢺࣝࢥ㌷ࡣ㐣ཤᩘ༑
ᖺ࡟ࢃࡓࡾẸ୺୺⩏ࡢ㜵Ἴሐ࡜ࡋ࡚఩⨨࡙ࡅࡽࢀ࡚ࡁࡲࡋࡓࡀࠊ㏆ᖺࡣࡑ࠺ࡋࡓᯟ⤌ࡳ
ࡣ࠶ࡾࡲࡏࢇࠋ2014 ᖺ 8 ᭶ 10 ᪥࡟⾜ࢃࢀࡿึࡢ┤᥋㑅ᣲ࡛ࡣࠊ⊂⿢⪅ࡢ࢚ࣝࢻ࢔ࣥ㤳
┦ࡀ኱⤫㡿࡟ᙜ㑅ࡍࡿྍ⬟ᛶࡀ㧗࠸࡛ࡋࡻ࠺ࠋྠᅜࡢᨻ἞࣭⤒῭ࡀᏳᐃࡍࡿࡓࡵ࡟ࡣࠊ
᪂ᪧࡢၥ㢟ࡀ࠶ࡾࡲࡍࠋEU ຍ┕⏦ㄳࡀኻᩋ࡟⤊ࢃࡗࡓᚋࠊࢺࣝࢥࡣᑗ᮶࡟㛵ࡋ࡚すὒ
㸦Ḣᕞࠊ⡿ᅜ㸧࡜ᮾὒ㸦୰ᮾࠊ୰ᅜ㸧ࡢ࡝ࡕࡽࢆᚿྥࡍࡿ࡭ࡁ࠿࡜࠸࠺ၥ㢟࡟ᝎࡲࡉࢀ
ࡿ୍᪉ࠊಖᏲὴໃຊ࡜㏆௦໬ࢆ᥎㐍ࡍࡿໃຊ࡜࠸࠺┦཯ࡍࡿໃຊࡢࡣࡊࡲ࡛ⱞ㜚ࡋ࡚࠸
ࡲࡍࠋ࢖ࢹ࢜ࣟࢠ࣮ࡢᑐ❧࡟ࡼࡾ♫఍ࡀ୍ẁ࡜ከᴟ໬ࡋࠊࡑࢀࡀ཯ᨻᗓ㐠ື࡟ࡘ࡞ࡀࡿ
ྍ⬟ᛶࡶ࠶ࡾࡲࡍࠋᅜෆࡢ⥭ᙇ㛵ಀࡸ༡㒊࡛ᅜቃࢆ᥋ࡍࡿࢩࣜ࢔ࡢᏑᅾࢆ⪃࠼ࡿ࡜ࠊぢ
㏻ࡋࡣᴟࡵ࡚୙㏱࡛᫂ࡍࠋ
16
㛵ಀ⪅㝈
20. ࢼ࢖ࢪ࢙ࣜ࢔㸸ࢼ࢖ࢪ࢙ࣜ࢔ࡣ࢔ࣇࣜ࢝᭱኱ࡢ⤒῭つᶍࢆ᭷ࡋࠊ୺せ࡞ཎἜ㍺ฟᅜ㸦ୡ
⏺➨ 5 ఩㸧࡛ࡍࡀࠊ໭㒊࡟኱つᶍ࡞᢬ᢠໃຊࢆᢪ࠼࡚࠸ࡲࡍࠋ཯ᨻᗓໃຊࡢ୰ᚰ࡛࠶ࡿ
࣎ࢥ࣭ࣁ࣒ࣛࡣࠊ㒔ᕷࡸ࢚ࢿࣝࢠ࣮㛵㐃᪋タࢆᨷᧁࡍࡿ⬟ຊࢆᣢࡕࠊࡲࡓᨷᧁ࡬ࡢពḧ
ࡶ♧ࡋ࡚࠸ࡲࡍࡀࠊάືࡢ኱༙ࡣࡑࢀ௨እࡢሙᡤ࡛⾜ࢃࢀࠊ300 ேࡢዪඣࢆㄏᣂࡍࡿ࡞
࡝ࡢ஦௳ࡶ㉳ࡇࡋ࡚࠸ࡲࡍࠋࡇࡢ཯ᨻᗓໃຊࡀᨻᗓࡢ㌿そࡸᅜᐙࡢศ⿣ࢆᣍࡃྍ⬟ᛶࡣ
ప࠸࡛ࡍࡀࠊேࠎࡢ⏕άࢆᅔ❓ࡉࡏࠊ⤒῭ࡢὶືࢆΰ஘ࡉࡏࡿࡇ࡜ࡀᙼࡽࡢ㛗ᮇᡓ␎࡛
࠶ࡿྍ⬟ᛶࡶ࠶ࡾࡲࡍࠋ
21. ࢫ࣮ࢲࣥ㸸ࢫ࣮ࢲࣥࡣኳ↛㈨※࡟ᜨࡲࢀࡓᅜ࡛ࡍࡀࠊྠᅜࡀࢢ࣮ࣟࣂࣝ⤒῭࡟᏶඲࡟ཧ
ຍࡍࡿୖ࡛ࠊᘬࡁ⥆ࡁேᶒၥ㢟ࡀไ⣙࡜࡞ࡗ࡚࠸ࡲࡍࠋ2011 ᖺ࡟༡ࢫ࣮ࢲࣥࡢ⊂❧ࢆၥ
࠺ఫẸᢞ⚊ࡀᐇ᪋ࡉࢀ࡚௨㝆ࠊࡦ࡝࠸ᭀຊ⾜Ⅽࡀ⥆࠸࡚࠸ࡲࡍࠋ௨๓ࡢ⣮தࡣ኱᢬ࠊᾘ
⪖࡜࡜ࡶ࡟⤊஢ࡋ࡚࠾ࡾࠊ௒ᅇࡶྠᵝࡢ㐨ࢆࡓ࡝ࡿྍ⬟ᛶࡀ㧗࠸࡛ࡋࡻ࠺ࠋ
22. ࢯ࣐ࣜ࢔㸸ࢯ࣐ࣜ࢔ࡣࢸࣟࣜࢬ࣒࡜ᾏ㈫⾜Ⅽࡢࡲࢇᘏࡍࡿ◚ࡓࢇᅜᐙ࡛ࠊ㐺ṇ࡞ᨻᗓࡢ
ᶞ❧ࡀᚲせ࡛ࡍࠋᅜᐙࡣࡍ࡛࡟ศ⿣ࡋࠊࢯ࣐ࣜࣛࣥࢻࡢ‽⮬἞༊ࡀྠᅜ໭㒊ࢆᕦࡳ࡟⤫
἞ࡋ࡚࠸ࡲࡍࠋ࢔ࣝ࢝࢖ࢲ㛵㐃ࡢ཯ᨻᗓໃຊ࡟ࡣ࢔࣓ࣜ࢝ேࢆྵࡴᩘ༑ேࡢḢ⡿ேࡀᅾ
⡠ࡋ࡚࠾ࡾࠊḢ⡿ྛᅜ࡟࠾ࡅࡿࢸࣟࡢྍ⬟ᛶࡶቑࡋ࡚࠸ࡲࡍࠋ㏆ᖺ࡛ࡣࢯ࣐ࣜ࢔࡟࠾ࡅ
ࡿᭀຊࡀ࢘࢞ࣥࢲࡸࢣࢽ࢔࡞࡝ࡢ㏆㞄ㅖᅜ࡟Ἴཬࡋࠊᅜቃ౵≢ࡀቑຍࡋ࡚࠸ࡲࡍࠋ㏆ࠎ
ࢯ࣐ࣜ࢔ࡀ⌧ᅾࡢ≧ἣ࠿ࡽᢤࡅฟࡍࡇ࡜ࢆ♧ࡍ඙ࡋࡣ࡯࡜ࢇ࡝࠶ࡾࡲࡏࢇࠋ
23. ࢧࣁࣛ◁₍௨༡ࡢ࢔ࣇࣜ࢝㸸⤒῭࡟ᑐࡍࡿ㧗࠸ᮇᚅࡀ࠶ࡿ୍᪉ࠊở⫋ࡸ⎔ቃࠊேཱྀືែࠊ
࠾ࡼࡧᩥ໬ⓗ࡞ไ⣙ࡀ⤒῭ࡢⓎᒎࢆ㜼ࢇ࡛࠸ࡲࡍࠋᗈ኱࡞㡿ᅵࡢ୰࡟ⱝ࠸ேཱྀࢆᢪ࠼ࡿ
୍᪉ࠊ㞠⏝ᶵ఍ࡣ㝈ࡽࢀ࡚࠾ࡾࠊࡇࢀࡀ௒ᚋ㌵㎚ࢆ⏕ࡴྍ⬟ᛶࡀ࠶ࡾࡲࡍࠋࡲࡓࠊ໭࢔
ࣇࣜ࢝࡜ࢧࣁࣛ௨༡ࡢ༡࢔ࣇࣜ࢝ࡢቃ⏺⥺ࢆ⬣࠿ࡍ⾜Ⅽࡶቑຍࡋ࡚࠾ࡾࠊᐦ㍺ࢿࢵࢺ࣡
࣮ࢡࠊᭀຊⓗ࢖ࢹ࢜ࣟࢠ࣮ࠊேࠊࡑࡋ࡚Ṋჾࡀ୧⪅ࡢ㛫ࢆ⾜ࡁ᮶ࡋ࡚࠸ࡲࡍࠋࡲࡓ໭࢔
ࣇࣜ࢝࠾ࡼࡧࢧࣁࣛ௨༡ࡢ༡࢔ࣇࣜ࢝ࡢ୍㒊ࡢᆅᇦ࡛ࡣࠊ㌟௦㔠┠ⓗࡢㄏᣂࡶၥ㢟࡟࡞
ࡗ࡚࠸ࡲࡍࠋྠᆅᇦࡣྂࡃ࠿ࡽࠕࢧࣁࣛ௨༡ࡢ༡࢔ࣇࣜ࢝ࠖ࡜༊ศࡉࢀ࡚ࡁࡲࡋࡓࡀࠊ
௒࡛ࡣࡉࡽ࡟ᮾ࢔ࣇࣜ࢝ࠊす࢔ࣇࣜ࢝ࠊ୰ኸ࢔ࣇࣜ࢝ࠊ࠾ࡼࡧ༡࢔ࣇࣜ࢝࡜࠸࠺ᆅᇦ༊
ศ࡟ศ࠿ࢀࠊࡑࢀࡒࢀࡀ␗࡞ࡿၥ㢟ࢆᢪ࠼࡚࠸ࡲࡍࠋዲᮦᩱࡣ࠶ࡾࡲࡍࡀࠊᘬࡁ⥆ࡁࣜ
ࢫࢡࡶ࠶ࡾࡲࡍࠋ
24. ࣟࢩ࢔㸸ࣟࢩ࢔ࡢ࢘ࢡࣛ࢖ࢼ㡿ࢡ࣑ࣜ࢔༨㡿࡟ࡼࡾࠊ1930 ᖺ௦ࡢグ᠈ࡀࡼࡳࡀ࠼ࡾࡲ
ࡋࡓࠋ࢘ࣛࢪ࣮࣑࣭ࣝࣉ࣮ࢳࣥࡣ 2000 ᖺ௨᮶ᨻᶒ㐠Ⴀ࡟ᡂຌࡋ࡚ࡁࡲࡋࡓࡀࠊ᠇ἲୖ
ࡣ௒ᚋࡶ 10 ᖺ࡟ࢃࡓࡾᨻᶒࡢᗙ࡟࡜࡝ࡲࡿࡇ࡜ࡀ࡛ࡁࡲࡍࠋ ࣟࢩ࢔ࡣࡇࢀࡲ࡛ࠊ⏘ᴗ
୺ᑟ࡛㧗࠸⤒῭ᡂ㛗ࢆᐇ⌧ࡋࠊ≉࡟࢚ࢿࣝࢠ࣮࣭ࢭࢡࢱ࣮ࢆ㏻ࡌ࡚すḢ࡟ᙳ㡪ຊࢆཬࡰ
ࡋ࡚ࡁࡲࡋࡓࡀࠊࡑࢀࡶ⤊ࢃࡾࢆ㏄࠼ࡲࡋࡓࠋࡲࡓ⤌⧊≢⨥ࡸࢧ࢖ࣂ࣮ᨷᧁ࡞࡝ࡢ‽ᨻ
ᗓ⤌⧊ࡢၥ㢟ࡶ㌵㎚ࢆ⏕ࡳฟࡋ࡚࠸ࡲࡍࠋࣂࣝࢺㅖᅜࠊ୰ᮾࠊ࠾ࡼࡧ୰ኸ࢔ࢪ࢔ㅖᅜࡶ
ᑗ᮶ⓗ࡞⣮தࡢⅆ✀࡜࡞ࡾᚓࡲࡍࠋࣟࢩ࢔࡟ᑐࡍࡿไ⿢ࡢᙳ㡪ࡣࡇࢀࡲ࡛ࡉ࡯࡝ฟ࡚࠸
ࡲࡏࢇࡀࠊ௒ᚋࡶ⦆ࡸ࠿࡞ไ⿢ࡀ⥆ࡃྍ⬟ᛶࡀ࠶ࡾࡲࡍࠋࣟࢩ࢔࡟㛵ࡍࡿࢸ࣮ࣝࣜࢫࢡ
ࡣࠊࡼࡾཝࡋ࠸ไ⿢ࡀ⛉ࡉࢀࡿ㸦௻ᴗάືࡸᡤ᭷ᶒࡀᑐ㇟࡜࡞ࡿ㸧ࡇ࡜࡛ࡍࡀࠊ⡿ᅜ࡟
ࡼࡿไ⿢ࢆ㉸࠼ࡿࡶࡢ࡜࡞ࡿྍ⬟ᛶࡣప࠸࡛ࡋࡻ࠺ࠋ㉳ࡇࡾ࠺ࡿࢩࢼࣜ࢜ࡣࠊ1㸧㛗ᮇⓗ
࡞⥭ᙇࡀ㠀⏕⏘ⓗ࡛࠶ࡿࡇ࡜ࢆࣉ࣮ࢳࣥࡀㄆ㆑ࡋࠊែᗘࢆᨵࡵࡿࠊ2㸧ࣟࢩ࢔ࡀ⌧ᅾࡢၥ
㢟࡟ࡘ࠸࡚ࠊ༴ᶵࢆᣍࡃࡇ࡜࡞ࡃ஺΅࡟ࡼࡿゎỴࢆᶍ⣴ࡍࡿࠊ3㸧ᘬࡁ⥆ࡁᭀຊࠊࢼࢩࣙ
ࢼࣜࢬ࣒ࠊ࠾ࡼࡧ⤒῭ⓗᨭ㓄ࢆ฼⏝ࡋ࡚ᅜᐙࡢ┠ᶆࢆ㏣ồࡍࡿࠊ࡞࡝࡛ࡍࠋ࢘ࢡࣛ࢖ࢼ
ᮾ㒊ࢆࡵࡄࡿ᭱㏆ࡢ஺΅ࡣ཯஘ໃຊࢆቑᙉࡍࡿࡓࡵࡢ᫬㛫✌ࡂ࡛ࡋ࠿࡞ࡃࠊ௒ᚋࡶఱࡶ
ኚࢃࡽ࡞࠸࡜࠸࠺஦ែࡀண᝿ࡉࢀࡲࡍࠋᡃࠎࡢண᝿ࡀ㛫㐪࠸࡛࠶ࡿࡇ࡜ࢆ㢪࠸ࡲࡍࠋ
25. ࢘ࢡࣛ࢖ࢼ㸸࢘ࢡࣛ࢖ࢼࡣḢᕞ࡟࠾ࡅࡿ᪂ࡓ࡞ⅆ✀࡛ࠊከࡃࡢ▩┪ࢆᢪ࠼࡚࠸ࡲࡍࠋ෭
ᡓ௨㝆ࡢ࢘ࢡࣛ࢖ࢼࡢṔྐࡣࠊ⤌⧊≢⨥࡜ở⫋࡟そࢃࢀࠊ໭኱すὒ᮲⣙ᶵᵓ㸦NATO㸧
17
㛵ಀ⪅㝈
࡬ࡢຍ┕ࡀ㏆࠸ᑗ᮶ᐇ⌧ࡍࡿྍ⬟ᛶࡣప࠸࡛ࡋࡻ࠺ࠋࣟࢩ࢔ࡀࢡ࣑ࣜ࢔༙ᓥ࠾ࡼࡧ࢘ࢡ
ࣛ࢖ࢼᮾ㒊ࢆไᅽࡍࡿ୰ࠊすഃㅖᅜࡣ୙Ᏻᐃ࡞≧ἣ࡟⨨࠿ࢀ࡚࠸ࡲࡍࠋ㉳ࡇࡾ࠺ࡿࢩࢼ
ࣜ࢜ࡣࠊ1㸧⌧≧⥔ᣢࠊ࢘ࢡࣛ࢖ࢼᮾ㒊ࡢᅜቃ௜㏆࡛ࡣࣟࢩ࢔࡜ࡢத࠸ࡀ⥆ࡃࠊ2㸧஦ែ
ࡀᝏ໬ࡋࠊࣟࢩ࢔ࡣே㐨ⓗᠱᛕ࠶ࡿ࠸ࡣ࢘ࢡࣛ࢖ࢼࡢ⤫἞ࡢḞዴࢆ⌮⏤࡟௓ධࡢᚲせᛶ
ࢆッ࠼ࡿࠊ3㸧෤ࡢ฿᮶࡜࡜ࡶ࡟Ḣᕞࡀ࢚ࢿࣝࢠ࣮࡟ᅔ❓ࡋࠊ࢘ࢡࣛ࢖ࢼၥ㢟࡟㛵ࡋ࡚ࣟ
ࢩ࢔ࡢពྥࢆཷࡅධࢀࡿࠊ4㸧ࣟࢩ࢔ࡀ࿴ᖹ஺΅ࢆ୺ᑟࡋࠊ࢘ࢡࣛ࢖ࢼᮾ㒊࠾ࡼࡧࢡ࣑ࣜ
࢔༙ᓥࢆ᩿ᛕࡍࡿぢ㏉ࡾ࡜ࡋ࡚㔠㖹⿵ൾࢆ୺ᙇࡍࡿࠊ࡞࡝࡛ࡍࠋḢ⡿ㅖᅜ࡟ࡼࡿࡶ࠺୍
ẁࡢ௓ධࡀ࡞ࡅࢀࡤ࢘ࢡࣛ࢖ࢼࡀ⤫୍ࢆ⥔ᣢࡍࡿࡇ࡜ࡣ୙ྍ⬟࡛ࡍࠋࡋ࠿ࡋࠊࣟࢩ࢔ࡣ
ࢡࣛ࢖ࢼࡢศ⿣࡟ᢿ㌴ࢆ࠿ࡅࡿࡓࡵࡢ┤᥋ⓗ࡞௓ධࢆṇᙜ໬ࡍࡿ⌮⏤ࢆ᥈ࡋ࡚࠸ࡿࡼ࠺
࡟ࡶぢ࠼ࡲࡍࠋࡇࢀࡲ࡛ࡢ࡜ࡇࢁḢ⡿ㅖᅜࡢᑐᛂࡣ✜ࡸ࠿࡞ࡶࡢ࡟࡜࡝ࡲࡗ࡚࠾ࡾࠊไ
⿢ᥐ⨨ࡢⓎື࡟㞟୰ࡋ࡚࠸ࡲࡍࠋᡃࠎࡣࠊࡇ࠺ࡋࡓ≧ἣࡀࡋࡤࡽࡃ⥆ࡁࠊ༴ᶵࡶᙜ㠃⥅
⥆ࡍࡿ࡜⪃࠼࡚࠸ࡲࡍࠋ
26. ࣂࣝࢺㅖᅜ㸸ࣂࣝࢺㅖᅜࡣ໭኱すὒ᮲⣙ᶵᵓ㸦NATO㸧ຍ┕ᅜ࡛ࡍࡀࠊᪧࢯ㐃ࡢ୍㒊࡛
࠶ࡾࠊࣟࢩ࢔⣔ఫẸࡶከࡃఫࢇ࡛࠸ࡿ୍㒊ᆅᇦ࡟ࡘ࠸࡚ࠊࣟࢩ࢔ࡀዣ㑏ࢆ≺ࡗ࡚࠸ࡿྍ
⬟ᛶࡀ࠶ࡾࡲࡍࠋࡇࢀࡣࣟࢩ࢔࡟ࡼࡿすഃㅖᅜ࡟ᑐࡍࡿ᭱ࡶ㔜኱࡞┤᥋ⓗ࡞ᣮᡓ࡜ࡶ࡞
ࡾᚓࡿ஦ែ࡛ࠊすഃㅖᅜࡣཝࡋ࠸㑅ᢥࢆ㏕ࡽࢀ࡚࠸ࡲࡍࠋ࢘ࢡࣛ࢖ࢼၥ㢟ࡢゎỴࡀぢࡽ
ࢀ࡞࠸୰࡛ࠊࣟࢩ࢔ࡀ NATO ຍ┕ᅜࢆᶆⓗ࡟ࡍࡿྍ⬟ᛶࡣప࠸࡛ࡋࡻ࠺ࡀࠊࡑࢀࡀ⮬ᅜ
࡟᭷฼࡟ാࡃ࡜ࣟࢩ࢔ࡀ⪃࠼ࡿ࡞ࡽࡤྍ⬟ᛶࡀ඲ࡃ࡞࠸ヂ࡛ࡣ࠶ࡾࡲࡏࢇࠋ⡿ᅜࡣࣂࣝ
ࢺㅖᅜ࡟㛵ࡍࡿ㌷஦㈝ࡢቑ㢠ࢆ᫂ゝࡋ࡚㆙࿌ࢆⓎࡋ࡚࠸ࡲࡍࠋ୰ᮇⓗ࡟ࡣࠊࣂࣝࢺㅖᅜ
࡟ᑐࡍࡿ⬣ጾࡣ⌧ᐇࡢࡶࡢ࡜࡞ࡿࡼࡾࡣ⬣ጾࡢࡲࡲ࡟࡜࡝ࡲࡿྍ⬟ᛶࡀ㧗࠸࡛ࡍࡀࠊᮾ
Ḣㅖᅜ࡟࠾ࡅࡿ㐣ཤࡢ༴ᶵⓗ≧ἣࡢ⤒⦋࡟㚷ࡳࢀࡤࠊṧᛕ࡞ࡀࡽ࠸࠿࡞ࡿྍ⬟ᛶࡶ᤼㝖
࡛ࡁ࡞࠸࡛ࡋࡻ࠺ࠋ
27. ࣏࣮ࣛࣥࢻ㸸࣏࣮ࣛࣥࢻࡣᮾḢ࡜すḢࡢ୰㛫࡟఩⨨ࡍࡿᡓ␎ⓗ࡞ᅜᐙ࡛ࠊᮾഃㅖᅜ࡟࡜
ࡗ࡚ࡣᚰእ࡞ࡇ࡜࠿ࡶࡋࢀࡲࡏࢇࡀࠊྠᅜࡣすഃࡢ୍ဨ࡜࡞ࡾࡲࡋࡓࠋࢯ㐃ᔂቯ┤ᚋࠊ
࣏࣮ࣛࣥࢻࡢඹ⏘ඪᮏ㒊ࡣドๆྲྀᘬᡤ࡟⏕ࡲࢀኚࢃࡾࡲࡋࡓࠋ࣏࣮ࣛࣥࢻࡣ࢔ࣇ࢞ࢽࢫ
ࢱࣥࡢ㌷஦సᡓ࡛኱ࡁࡃ㈉⊩ࡍࡿ࡞࡝ࠊNATO ຍ┕ᅜ࡜ࡋ࡚ࡍ࡛࡟㧗࠸ホ౯ࢆ⠏࠸࡚࠾
ࡾࠊࣟࢩ࢔ࡢ࢘ࢡࣛ࢖ࢼ࡟ᑐࡍࡿ⾜ືࢆྠᅜࡀ㠀㞴ࡋࡓࡇ࡜ࢆཷࡅ࡚ࠊࣟࢩ࢔ࡣ࣏࣮ࣛ
ࣥࢻ⏘ࡢᯝ≀ࡢ㍺ධ⚗Ṇࡢᥐ⨨࡟㋃ࡳษࡾࡲࡋࡓࠋᆅᨻᏛⓗࣜࢫࢡࡢ㠃࡛ࡣᴫࡡⰋዲ࡛
ࡍࡀࠊ άẼࢆྲྀࡾᡠࡋࡓࣟࢩ࢔࡜ࡢᦶ᧿ࡀ㧗ࡌࢀࡤࠊ࣏࣮ࣛࣥࢻࡣᅽຊ࡟ࡉࡽࡉࢀࡿྍ
⬟ᛶࡶ࠶ࡾࡲࡍࠋ
28. すḢ㸸ࣇࣛࣥࢫࡸ࢜ࣛࣥࢲ࡞࡝୍㒊ࡢᅜ࡛ࡣࠊ㏆௦⮬⏤Ẹ୺୺⩏ࡀ࢖ࢫ࣒ࣛᩍཎ⌮୺⩏
࡜⾪✺ࡋ࡚࠸ࡲࡍࠋୡ⏺㔠⼥༴ᶵࡢᚋ㑇⑕࠿ࡽࠊⱥᅜ࡛ࡣ EU 㞳⬺࡟㛵ࡍࡿᅜẸᢞ⚊ࢆ
᳨ウࡍࡿኌࡶୖࡀࡗ࡚࠸ࡲࡍࠋࡲࡓࢫࢥࢵࢺࣛࣥࢻࠊ࣋ࢿࢳ࢔ࠊ࠾ࡼࡧ࢝ࢱ࣮ࣝࢽࣕࡢ
᭷ᶒ⪅ࡣ⊂❧ࡢᕼᮃࢆ⾲᫂ࡋ࡚࠸ࡲࡍࠋ୍᪉ࠊⱝᖺᒙࢆ୰ᚰ࡜ࡋࡓᵓ㐀ⓗ࡞ኻᴗ⋡ࡢ㧗
ࡉࡸࣇࣛࣥࢫ࡞࡝୍㒊ࡢᅜ࡛ྑഴ໬ࡢഴྥࡀぢࡽࢀࡿࡇ࡜ࢆ຺᱌ࡍࡿ࡜ࠊ࣮ࣘࣟ㏻㈌ࡢ
ᡓ␎ⓗ࡞Ꮡ⥆ࡶ☜ᐇ࡜ࡣ࠸࠼࡞࠸࠿ࡶࡋࢀࡲࡏࢇࠋ
29. ࣁ࣮ࣥ࢞ࣜ㸸ࢯ㐃ᔂቯᚋ࡟⮬⏤Ẹ୺୺⩏࡜㈨ᮏ୺⩏࡬ࡢ⛣⾜ࢆ┠ᣦࡋࡓ௚ࡢᅜ࡛ࡶ୍㒊
ぢࡽࢀࡿ≧ἣ࡛ࡍࡀࠊࣁ࣮ࣥ࢞ࣜࡣ౫↛ࠊ୰㏵༙➃࡞≧ែ࡟࠶ࡾࡲࡍࠋྠᅜࡢᣦᑟ⪅ࡣ
ࣟࢩ࢔࡬ࡢ㏣㝶ࢆᚿྥࡋ࡚࠸ࡿࡼ࠺࡛ࠊ㒊ศⓗ࡟⮬⏤㈨ᮏ୺⩏ࢆᣄ⤯ࡋ࡚࠸ࡲࡍࠋ౯᱁
ୖ㝈ไࡸ≉ᐃࡢᴗ⏺࡟ᑐࡍࡿㄢ⛯࡞࡝ࡢᨻ⟇ࡀ⤒῭⏺ࢆᅽ㏕ࡋ࡚࠾ࡾࠊᅜ᭷໬ࡢྍ⬟ᛶ
ࡶṧࡗ࡚࠸ࡲࡍࠋྠᅜࡀ᪉㔪ࢆ㌿᥮ࡋ⮬⏤㈨ᮏ୺⩏࡬ྥ࠿࠺ྍ⬟ᛶࡶ࠶ࡾࡲࡍࡀࠊࡑࢀ
ࡀ㏆࠸ᑗ᮶㉳ࡇࡿྍ⬟ᛶࡣపࡑ࠺࡛ࡍࠋ
30. ୰༡⡿㸸୰༡⡿࡛ࡣ㈨ᮏ୺⩏࡜♫఍୺⩏ࡢ࢖ࢹ࢜ࣟࢠ࣮ࡀ➇ྜࡋࠊࡉࡽ࡟ࢼࢩࣙࢼࣜࢬ
࣒ࡸ࣏ࣆࣗࣜࢬ࣒࡜⾪✺ࡋ࡚࠸ࡲࡍࠋ୰༡⡿ㅖᅜࡣᑗ᮶࡟ྥࡅ࡚㐍㊰ࢆᶍ⣴ࡋ࡚࠾ࡾࠊ
18
㛵ಀ⪅㝈
⤫἞ࣔࢹࣝࡸ౯್ほ࡟㛵ࡍࡿ㆟ㄽࡀ⥆࠸࡚࠸ࡲࡍࠋྛᅜࡀෆᨻ࡟ᑓᛕࡍࡿ୰ࠊࣈࣛࢪࣝ
ᑐ࢔ࣝࢮࣥࢳࣥ࡞࡝኱ࡁ࡞ᑐ❧㛵ಀࡣᢚไࡉࢀ࡚࠸ࡲࡍࠋ୰⡿࡛ࡣࠊ୺࡟㯞⸆ྲྀᘬࡀࡽ
ࡳࡢᭀຊ⾜Ⅽࡀ㢖Ⓨࡍࡿ࡞࡝ᅜ㝿≢⨥⤌⧊࡟㛵ࡍࡿࣜࢫࢡࡣᘬࡁ⥆ࡁ᫂ⓑ࡛ࠊ㔠⼥ࢩࢫ
ࢸ࣒ࡣ୙Ᏻᐃ࡞≧ἣ࡟࠶ࡾࡲࡍࠋ10 ᖺ࡟ࡶࢃࡓࡾᭀຊⓗ࡞཯ᨻᗓάືࢆ⧞ࡾᗈࡆ࡚ࡁࡓ
࠿ࡘ࡚ࡢ࣮࣌ࣝࡢᕥ⩼ࢸࣟ⤌⧊ࢭࣥࢹ࣭࣑ࣟࣝࣀࢯࡢඖ࣓ࣥࣂ࣮ࡓࡕࡀࠊฮᮇࢆ⤊࠼࡚
㔘ᨺࡉࢀ࡚࠸ࡲࡍࠋ୍㒊ࡢᅜ࡛ࡣ㌟௦㔠┠ⓗࡢㄏᣂࡀ౫↛࡜ࡋ࡚ᠱᛕࡉࢀࡲࡍࠋ኱஦௳
ࡀ㉳ࡇࡿྍ⬟ᛶࡣᘬࡁ⥆ࡁప࠸࡛ࡍࡀࠊᅜ㝿≢⨥⤌⧊㛵㐃ࡢở⫋ࡸᭀຊ⾜Ⅽࠊ࠾ࡼࡧ୙
Ᏻᐃ࡞ᅜෆᨻ἞ࢆ⫼ᬒ࡟ࠊ⤒῭ᡂ㛗ࡣไ⣙ࡉࢀࠊྛᅜ࠾ࡼࡧྛᕷሙ࡟࠾࠸࡚ࣜࢫࢡࡀ⏕
ࡌ࡚࠸ࡲࡍࠋ
31. ࣓࢟ࢩࢥ㸸஧ᅜ≀ㄒࠋ୍᪉࡛ࡣࠊ࣓࢟ࢩࢥࡣዲㄪࡢ⥆ࡃ᪂⯆ᕷሙᅜ࡛ࠊ⡿ᅜ࡜㞄᥋ࡍࡿ
࡜࠸࠺ᆅ⌮ⓗ᮲௳࡟ࡶᜨࡲࢀ࡚⤒῭ࡢࣇ࢓ࣥࢲ࣓ࣥࢱࣝࢬࡣሀㄪࠊ኱ࡁ࡞ᡂ㛗ࡀᮇᚅࡉ
ࢀࡲࡍࠋ௚᪉ࠊ♫఍ⓗ࡟ࡣࠊ㯞⸆ࡀࡽࡳࡢᭀຊ⾜Ⅽࡸở⫋ࡢࡲࢇᘏ࡟ᝎࡲࡉࢀࠊࡑࡢ⫼
ᬒࡢ୍ࡘ࡜ࡋ࡚⡿ᅜ࡬ྥࡅࡓ㯞⸆ྲྀᘬࡀ࠶ࡾࡲࡍࠋࡇ࠺ࡋࡓ▩┪ࡢゎᾘࡣ㞴ࡋ࠸ㄢ㢟࡛
ࡍࠋ᪂ᨻᶒ⛣⾜ᚋࡣᭀຊ⾜Ⅽࡀῶᑡࡋ࡚࠸ࡲࡍࡀࠊᅜ㝿≢⨥⤌⧊ࡣᅜෆ࡟῝ࡃ᰿௜࠸࡚
࠸ࡲࡍࠋྠᅜࡣᅜෆࡢᡂ㛗࡜ᨵ㠉࡟ὀຊࡋ࡚࠸ࡲࡍࡀࠊ≢⨥ࡣ⥆࠸࡚࠾ࡾࠊࡲࡓ⃭໬ࡋ
࡚࠸ࡲࡍࠋ࣓࢟ࢩࢥࡀ࠸ࡎࢀᅜෆࡢᏳ඲࡜⤫἞ࡢၥ㢟ࢆ஌ࡾ㉸࠼ࡿྍ⬟ᛶࡣ኱࠸࡟࠶ࡾ
ࡲࡍࡀࠊᭀຊάືࡀ෌⇞ࡍࡿࣜࢫࢡࡸᅜෆࡢ㦁஘ࡢྍ⬟ᛶࡣṧࡗ࡚࠸ࡲࡍࠋ࣏ࢪࢸ࢕ࣈ
࡞⤖ᯝ࡟࡞ࡿྍ⬟ᛶࡀࢿ࢞ࢸ࢕ࣈ࡞⤖ᯝ࡜࡞ࡿྍ⬟ᛶࢆୖᅇࡗ࡚࠸ࡲࡍࡀࠊࢿ࢞ࢸ࢕ࣈ
࡞⤖ᯝ࡜࡞ࡗࡓሙྜࡣ኱ࡁ࡞ࢸ࣮ࣝࣜࢫࢡࡀᏑᅾࡋࡲࡍࠋ
32. ࣈࣛࢪࣝ㸸ࣈࣛࢪࣝࡣ₯ᅾⓗ࡟ࡣ᫂ࡿ࠸ᒎᮃࢆᣢࡘࠊάẼ࠶ࡿᅜ࡛ࡍࡀࠊྠᅜ࡛ࡣ࣏ࣆ
ࣗࣜࢫࢺᨻ἞ࡀᕷሙ୺ᑟࡢᨵ㠉ࢆ㜼ࢇ࡛࠸ࡲࡍࠋ2013 ᖺ࡜ 2014 ᖺ࡟ࡣࠊW ᮼ࡬ࡢ㈈ᨻ
ᨭฟࡸ㕲㐨㐠㈤࡞࡝࡟㛵ࡍࡿᨻ⟇ࡀᘬࡁ㔠࡜࡞ࡾᭀືࡀⓎ⏕ࡋ࡚࠸ࡲࡍࠋ2014 ᖺ 10 ᭶
5 ᪥࡟ࡣ኱⤫㡿㑅ᣲࡀணᐃࡉࢀ࡚࠾ࡾࠊᙜ㠃ࠊᭀືࡀࡉࡽ࡟Ⓨ⏕ࡍࡿྍ⬟ᛶࡀ࠶ࡾࡲࡍࠋ
ఱࡽ࠿ࡢฟ᮶஦࡟ࡼࡗ࡚ᨻ἞ࡢ㢼ྥࡁࡀኚࢃࡽ࡞࠸㝈ࡾࠊࢪ࣐࣭ࣝࣝࢭࣇ኱⤫㡿ࡀ෌㑅
ࡉࢀࡿྍ⬟ᛶࡀ㧗࠸࡛ࡋࡻ࠺ࠋ㛗ᮇⓗ࡟ࡣࠊ࣏ࣆࣗࣜࢫࢺᨻ἞ࡀᘬࡁ⥆ࡁ㞀ᐖ࡜࡞ࡿ࡛
ࡋࡻ࠺ࠋ♫఍୺⩏࡬ࡢᛴ㌿᥮ࡢྍ⬟ᛶࡶ࡞࠸ࢃࡅ࡛ࡣ࠶ࡾࡲࡏࢇࡀࠊ⮬⏤ᕷሙࡸእᅜ㈨
ᮏ࡟ࡼࡿᜠᜨࡀ㠀ᖖ࡟኱ࡁ࠸ࡇ࡜ࡀㄆ㆑ࡉࢀ࡚࠸ࡿࡇ࡜ࢆ㋃ࡲ࠼ࡿ࡜ࠊ♫఍୺⩏࡬ࡢ㌿
᥮ࡢྍ⬟ᛶࡣప࠸࡛ࡋࡻ࠺ࠋ᰾රჾ࡬ࡢ㔝ᚰ࠾ࡼࡧ࢔ࣝࢮࣥࢳࣥ࡜ࡢ㌷ᣑ➇தࡣ 1991
ᖺ࡟⤊↉ࡋࠊ୧ᅜࡢ㛵ಀࡣࡑࡢᚋⰋዲ࡛ࡍࠋ⌧≧⥔ᣢࡢྍ⬟ᛶࡀ᭱ࡶ㧗࠸࡛ࡋࡻ࠺ࠋ
33. ࢔ࣝࢮࣥࢳࣥ㸸࢔ࣝࢮࣥࢳࣥࡣ 2002 ᖺࡢമົ୙ᒚ⾜࡟㛵㐃ࡋࡓၥ㢟࡟౫↛ᝎࡲࡉࢀࠊ
ࢢ࣮ࣟࣂࣝᕷሙࡢ∦㝮࡟࠿ࢁ࠺ࡌ࡚࡜࡝ࡲࡗ࡚࠸ࡲࡍࠋࡓࡔࡋࠊࡇ࠺ࡋࡓၥ㢟ࢆᢪ࠼ࡘ
ࡘࡶࠊ࢔ࣝࢮࣥࢳࣥࡣࡇࢀࡲ࡛኱ࡁ࡞༴ᶵࢆ஌ࡾ㉸࠼࡚࠾ࡾࠊ௒ᚋࡣ࠾ࡑࡽࡃ஦ែࡀᨵ
ၿ࡟ྥ࠿࠺࡛ࡋࡻ࠺ࠋ௚ࡢ༡⡿ㅖᅜ࡜ྠᵝࠊᅜෆᨻ἞࡟࠾࠸࡚ࡣ࣏ࣆࣗࣜࢬ࣒ࠊ♫఍୺
⩏ࠊ㈨ᮏ୺⩏ࡢ⾪✺ࡀ⥆ࡃぢ㎸ࡳ࡛ࠊ◚ቯⓗ࡞ᭀືࡀⓎ⏕ࡍࡿྍ⬟ᛶࡣᖖ࡟࠶ࡾࡲࡍࠋ
മົ๐ῶ⟇࡜⤒῭ᨵ㠉ࡀ㐍ᒎࡍࢀࡤᆅᨻᏛୖ㠀ᖖ࡟᫂ࡿ࠸ᮦᩱ࡜࡞ࡾࡲࡍࡀࠊゎỴࡢኻ
ᩋࡀ⥆ࡅࡤ࣐࢖ࢼࢫせᅉ࡜ཷࡅṆࡵࡽࢀࡿ࡛ࡋࡻ࠺ࠋ
34. ࢥࣟࣥࣅ࢔㸸཯ᨻᗓໃຊ࠾ࡼࡧ㯞⸆ᐦ኎ே࡜ࡢᩘ༑ᖺ࡟ࢃࡓࡿᡓ࠸ࢆ⤒࡚ࠊࢥࣟࣥࣅ࢔
࡟㌿ᶵࡀゼࢀ࡚࠸ࡿࡼ࠺࡛ࡍࠋࡲࡔㄢ㢟ࡣṧࡗ࡚࠸ࡲࡍࡀࠊἲᚊ࡜἞Ᏻᙜᒁ୺ᑟࡢάື
ࡀᡂᯝࢆ࠶ࡆ࡚࠸ࡲࡍࠋ෌ᘓ࡜⤫἞࡟㛵ࡍࡿᨻ⟇ࡀ᰿௜ࡁࡘࡘ࠶ࡿࡼ࠺࡛ࠊࢥࣟࣥࣅ࢔
ࡀ௒ᚋⰋ࠸᪉ྥ࡟㐍ࢇ࡛࠸ࡃྍ⬟ᛶࡀ࠶ࡾࡲࡍࠋࡋ࠿ࡋ࡞ࡀࡽࠊFARC㸦ࢥࣟࣥࣅ࢔㠉
࿨㌷㸧࠶ࡿ࠸ࡣ㯞⸆ᐦ኎⤌⧊ࡢ᚟άࡢྍ⬟ᛶࡸࠊṊຊ᢬ᢠࢆᥦၐࡍࡿ♫఍୺⩏࢖ࢹ࢜ࣟ
ࢠ࣮࡞࡝ࠊࢲ࢘ࣥࢧ࢖ࢻࣜࢫࢡࡣṧࡾࡲࡍࠋ㌟௦㔠┠ⓗࡢㄏᣂࡣῶᑡࡋ࡚࠸ࡿࡶࡢࡢゎ
Ỵࡋ࡚࠾ࡽࡎࠊ୍㒊ࡢእᅜேᢞ㈨ᐙࢆྠᅜ࠿ࡽ㐲ࡊࡅࡿせᅉ࡜࡞ࡿ࡛ࡋࡻ࠺ࠋ⡿ᅜࡣࢥ
ࣟࣥࣅ࢔ࡢ᚟άࢆᨭ᥼ࡋ࡚࠾ࡾࠊ஦ែࡀᝏ໬ࡋࡓሙྜ࡛ࡶᙉຊ࡞ᨭ᥼⪅࡛࠶ࡾ⥆ࡅࡿ࡛
19
㛵ಀ⪅㝈
ࡋࡻ࠺ࠋࢲ࢘ࣥࢧ࢖ࢻࣜࢫࢡࡣṧࡗ࡚࠸ࡲࡍࡀࠊᆅᨻᏛⓗ஦㇟ࡣᨵၿࡢ᪉ྥ࡟ྥ࠿ࡗ࡚
࠸ࡲࡍࠋ
35. ࣋ࢿࢬ࢚ࣛ㸸 ࣋ࢿࢬ࢚ࣛࡣ࠾ࡑࡽࡃ༡⡿᭱኱ࡢၥ㢟࡛ࠊ࢘ࢦ࣭ࢳࣕ࣋ࢫ኱⤫㡿ࡀ㏽ཤࡋ
ࡓᚋࡶࠊ୍㒊ࡢேࠎࡀண᝿㸦࠶ࡿ࠸ࡣᮇᚅ㸧ࡋ࡚࠸ࡓᨻ⟇ࡢᛴ㌿᥮ࡣ㉳ࡇࡗ࡚࠸ࡲࡏࢇࠋ
ࢳࣕ࣋ࢫ๓኱⤫㡿࡟ࡼࡿࠕ21 ୡ⣖ࡢ♫఍୺⩏ィ⏬ࠖࡣᐇࢆ⤖ࡤࡎࠊྠᅜ࡟ṧࡉࢀ࡚࠸ࡓ
እᅜ㈨ᮏࡢ኱༙ࢆᾘ⪖ࡋ࡚ࡋࡲ࠸ࡲࡋࡓࠋྠᅜࡣࠊปᝏ≢⨥ࠊᨻ἞Ⰽࡢᙉ࠸㌷㝲࡜㆙ᐹ
⤌⧊ࠊ⬤ᙅ࡞ᨻᗓᶵ㛵ࠊ࠾ࡼࡧ▼Ἔᴗ⏺࡬ࡢ㐣ᗘࡢ౫Ꮡ࡞࡝ᩘࠎࡢၥ㢟ࢆᢪ࠼࡚࠸ࡲࡍࠋ
ᨻ἞ⓗ࡞ືࡁࡀ࠶ࡿ࡜ࡍࢀࡤ⌧ᨻᶒࡢᡴಽࢆ≺ࡗࡓࡶࡢ࡜࡞ࡿྍ⬟ᛶࡀ㧗ࡃࠊࡋࡓࡀࡗ
࡚ᆅᨻᏛⓗࣜࢫࢡࡣ࣏ࢪࢸ࢕ࣈ࡞ࡶࡢ࡛࠶ࡿྍ⬟ᛶࡀ㧗࠸࡛ࡋࡻ࠺ࠋ⤒῭ࡣ⬤ᙅ࡛ࠊᵓ
㐀ⓗ࡞ၥ㢟ࡶᢪ࠼࡚࠸ࡲࡍࡀࠊ⌧ᨻᶒࡣẚ㍑ⓗຊࢆᣢࡗ࡚࠸ࡿࡼ࠺࡛ࡍࠋ⌧≧⥔ᣢࡢྍ
⬟ᛶࡀ㧗࠸࡛ࡍࡀࠊࡇࢀࡣ࡯ࡰࡍ࡭࡚ࡢே࡟࡜ࡗ࡚୙ᖾ࡞≧ἣ࡜࠸࠼ࡿ࡛ࡋࡻ࠺ࠋ
36. ࣮࢟ࣗࣂ㸸⡿ᅜ኱⤫㡿 10 ேࡢ௵ᮇࡼࡾࡶ㛗࠸ࠊ࡯ࡰ 60 ᖺ࡟ࢃࡓࡾ⥆࠸ࡓ࢝ࢫࢺࣟᨻᶒ
ࡶࠊ⤊ࢃࡾࢆ㏄࠼ࡲࡍࠋᨻ἞ⓗ࡟ࡣ⡿ᅜ࡜ࡢ୙࿴ࡀ⥆࠸࡚࠸ࡲࡍࡀࠊ࣮࢟ࣗࣂࡣᘬࡁ⥆
ࡁḢᕞࡸ࢝ࢼࢲ࠿ࡽࡢ᪑⾜⪅࡟ேẼࡢ᪑⾜ඛ࡛࠶ࡾࠊࡍ࡞ࢃࡕ᏶඲࡟እ⏺࠿ࡽ㝸㞳ࡉࢀ
࡚࠸ࡿࢃࡅ࡛ࡣ࠶ࡾࡲࡏࢇࠋ⤒῭ࡣ౫↛࡜ࡋ࡚ᮍ㛤Ⓨ࡛ࠊࡑࡢ୰ᚰࡣ㎰ᴗ࡛ࡍࡀࠊ࢟ࣗ
࣮ࣂࡀ⮬⏤໬࡜ᨵ㠉ࡢࣉࣟࢭࢫ࡟╔ᡭࡍࢀࡤࠊ⤒῭≧ἣࡣᛴ㏿࡟ኚ໬ࡍࡿྍ⬟ᛶࡀ࠶ࡾ
ࡲࡍࠋ⛣⾜ࡢࣉࣟࢭࢫࡣ⦆ࡸ࠿࠿ࡘ⟶⌮ࡉࢀࡓࡶࡢ࡜࡞ࡿ࡛ࡋࡻ࠺ࡀࠊ60 ᖺ࡟ࢃࡓࡾ♫
఍୺⩏ࡢ࣮ࣝࣝࡢୗ࡛⤫἞ࡉࢀ࡚ࡁࡓࡇ࡜ࢆ຺᱌ࡍࡿ࡜ࠊࡇࢀࡣ᭱ၿࡢ㐨࠿ࡶࡋࢀࡲࡏ
ࢇࠋᆅᨻᏛⓗࣜࢫࢡࡣ࣏ࢪࢸ࢕ࣈ࡞ࡶࡢࡀ᝿ᐃࡉࢀࡲࡍࡀࠊ⮬⏤໬࡟ࡼࡾᭀືࡸ࣏ࣆࣗ
ࣜࢫࢺᨻ἞ࡢྍ⬟ᛶࡶ㧗ࡲࡾࡲࡍࠋ࣮࢟ࣗࣂ࡬ࡢ᪑⾜⪅ࡀࡶࡓࡽࡍእ㈌ࡸ࣮࢟ࣗࣂ࡬ࡢ
ᢞ㈨ࢆ຺᱌ࡋࠊ࣮࢟ࣗࣂࡀዲᮦᩱ࡜࡞ࡿ࡜ᡃࠎࡣண᝿ࡋ࡚࠸ࡲࡍࡀࠊࡑࢀࢆ᩿ゝࡍࡿ࡟
ࡣ࠿࡞ࡾ᫬ᮇᑦ᪩࡛ࡋࡻ࠺ࠋ
37. ⡿ᅜ㸸༡㒊ࡢᅜቃࡣ౵ධࡀᐜ࡛᫆ࠊࡲࡓᅜෆࡢ㐣⃭ὴࡀᩘࠎࡢᑠつᶍ࡞஦௳ࢆᘬࡁ㉳ࡇ
ࡍྍ⬟ᛶࡀ࠶ࡾࡲࡍࠋᅜẸࡣᡓத࡟⑂ᘢࡋࠊୡ⏺ࡢၥ㢟࡟ᑐࡋ࢔ࢡࢸ࢕ࣅࢫࢺ࡜ࡋ࡚ࡢ
ᙺ๭ࢆᯝࡓࡍࡇ࡜࡟ࡘ࠸࡚ᚎࠎ࡟ᾘᴟⓗ࡟࡞ࡗ࡚࠸ࡲࡍࠋࢧ࢖ࣂ࣮ᨷᧁ࡟ᑐࡋ࡚⬤ᙅ࡛ࠊ
≉࡟㏦㓄㟁⥙ࡸ㔠⼥ࢭࣥࢱ࣮ࢆ≺ࡗࡓࢧ࢖ࣂ࣮ᨷᧁ࡟ᑐࡍࡿ⬤ᙅᛶࡣᘬࡁ⥆ࡁ㔜኱࡞ᠱ
ᛕᮦᩱ࡜࡞ࡗ࡚࠸ࡲࡍࠋࡲࡓࠊ௒ᚋࡶᑠつᶍࡢᅋయ࡟࠾࠸࡚ࠊ୍㒊ࡢ㒆㸦county㸧ࡀࡑ
ࡢᡤᒓࡍࡿᕞ㸦౛࠼ࡤ࢝ࣜࣇ࢛ࣝࢽ࢔ᕞ㸧࠿ࡽ⊂❧ࡍࡿ࡭ࡁࡔ࡜࠸࠺୺ᙇࡀ⥆ࡃ࡜ࡳࡽ
ࢀࠊ࢔ࣛࢫ࢝ᕞࡸࢸ࢟ࢧࢫᕞࡀ࢔࣓ࣜ࢝ྜ⾗ᅜ࠿ࡽ⊂❧ࡍࡿࡇ࡜ࢆᥦၐࡍࡿኌࡶ⥆ࡃ࡛
ࡋࡻ࠺ࠋࣉࣛ࢖ࣂࢩ࣮ࠊẼೃኚືࠊ࣊ࣝࢫࢣ࢔ࠊ⤫἞ᶒࡢᙺ๭ࠊ⛣Ẹࠊ㖠つไࠊࡑࡢ௚
ࡢ࠶ࡽࡺࡿၥ㢟࡟ࡼࡾࠊᨻ἞ࡢከᴟ໬ࡀ⥆ࡃ࡛ࡋࡻ࠺ࠋ
38. ࢔ࣝ࢝࢖ࢲ࡜ࡑࡢศὴࠊ࠾ࡼࡧ㛵㐃⤌⧊㸸࢘ࢧ࣐࣭ࣅࣥࣛࢹ࢕ࣥࡢṚᚋࠊ࢔ࣝ࢝࢖ࢲ࡟
ᑐࡋ࡚຾฼ᐉゝࡍࡿㄏᝨࡀ㧗ࡲࡾࡲࡋࡓࡀࠊ ࡇࢀࡣ᫬ᮇᑦ᪩࡛࠶ࡗࡓࡇ࡜ࡀド᫂ࡉࢀࡲ
ࡋࡓࠋࣅࣥࣛࢹ࢕ࣥࡢ୺ᙇࡋࡓᭀຊⓗ࢖ࢹ࢜ࣟࢠ࣮ࡸ࢔ࣝ࢝࢖ࢲ࠿ࡽὴ⏕ࡋࡓ⤌⧊ࡣࠊ
௒࡛ࡶᅜ㝿♫఍ࡢᝎࡳࡢ✀࡜࡞ࡗ࡚࠸ࡲࡍࠋᨷᧁࡣᐇ㉁ⓗ࡟࠸ࡘ࡝ࡇ࡛ࡶ㉳ࡇࡿྍ⬟ᛶ
ࡀ࠶ࡾࠊୡ⏺ྛᅜࡢᨻᗓ㤳⬻ࡽࡀ㆙ᡄࢆ⥔ᣢࡋ࡚࠸ࡲࡍࠋ㛵㐃⤌⧊ࡢᩘࡣῶᑡࡍࡿ࡝ࡇ
ࢁ࠿ࠊ2010 ᖺ௨㝆ቑṪࡋ࡚࠸ࡲࡍࠋ࢔ࣝ࢝࢖ࢲ࠾ࡼࡧࡑࡢศὴࡣ࢔ࣇ࢞ࢽࢫࢱࣥࠊ࢔ࣝ
ࢪ࢙ࣜ࢔ࠊ࢖ࣛࢡࠊࣜࣅ࢔ࠊ࣐ࣜࠊ࣮ࣔࣜࢱࢽ࢔ࠊࣃ࢟ࢫࢱࣥࠊࢯ࣐ࣜ࢔ࠊࢩࣜ࢔ࠊ࠾
ࡼࡧ࢖࢚࣓ࣥ࡟Ꮡᅾࡋࠊ100 ࢝ᅜ௨ୖࡢᅜ࠿ࡽಙዊ⪅ࡀ㞟ࡲࡗ࡚࠸ࡲࡍࠋ࢔ࣝ࢝࢖ࢲࡢ
࢖ࢹ࢜ࣟࢠ࣮࡜ࡑࡢ㛵㐃⤌⧊ࡣࠊ࢔ࣛࣈࡢ᫓࡟஌ࡌ࡚ᡂຌࢆ཰ࡵࡲࡋࡓࡀࠊ୍᪉࡛ࠊࡑ
ࡢ⬣ጾࡣ⓶⫗࡟ࡶⱝᖸᙅࡲࡗ࡚࠸ࡲࡍࠋ࢔ࣛࣈࡢ᫓ࡀࡶࡓࡽࡋࡓᨻ἞ⓗΰ஘࡟ࡼࡾࠊᆅ
ᇦ࡛άືࢆᒎ㛤ࡍࡿ㸦ࡘࡲࡾࠊࠕ㏆ࡃࡢᩛࠖ࡜ᡓ࠺㸧⤌⧊ࡢάືࡢሙࡀᗈࡀࡾࠊࡑࡢ⤖
ᯝࠕ㐲ࡃࡢᩛࠖࡍ࡞ࢃࡕḢ⡿ㅖᅜ࡟ᑐࡍࡿᡓ࠸ࡢ㔜せᛶࡀపୗࡋ࡚࠸ࡲࡍࠋᕷሙ࡛ࡣࠊ
ࢸࣟ⾜Ⅽࡢࣜࢫࢡࡀᴫࡡ⦆ࡸ࠿࡟⧊ࡾ㎸ࡲࢀ࡚࠸ࡲࡍࡀࠊ኱つᶍ࡞ᨷᧁ࠶ࡿ࠸ࡣ኱㔞◚
20
㛵ಀ⪅㝈
ቯරჾ࡟ࡼࡿᨷᧁࡀ㉳ࡇࢀࡤ஦ែࡣ኱ࡁࡃኚࢃࡾࡲࡍࠋṧᛕ࡞ࡀࡽࠊ኱㔞◚ቯරჾ࡟ࡼ
ࡿᨷᧁࡢࣜࢫࢡࡣୖ᪼ࡋ࡚࠸ࡲࡍࠋ
39. ࢱࣜࣂ࣭ࣥ࢔ࣇ࢞ࢽࢫࢱࣥ㸸2014 ᖺࡢ⡿ᅜࡢ࢔ࣇ࢞ࢽࢫࢱࣥ᧔㏥ࡣ㔜኱࡞࢖࣋ࣥࢺ࡛ࠊ
ṧ␃ࡍࡿ㒊㝲ࡢヲ⣽ࡣุ᫂ࡋ࡚࠸ࡲࡏࢇࠋ⡿ᅜࡀ᏶඲࡟᧔㏥ࡍࢀࡤࠊ࢔ࣇ࢞ࢽࢫࢱࣥᅜ
ෆࡀ෌ࡧෆᡓ≧ែ࡟㝗ࡿྍ⬟ᛶࡶ࠶ࡾࡲࡍࠋ࢔ࣇ࢞ࢽࢫࢱࣥᅜෆ࡛ࡣྛඪὴࡢᑐ❧ࡀ⥆
ࡁࠊࡲࡓᪧᨭ㓄ໃຊࡢࢱࣜࣂࣥࡶ౫↛࡜ࡋ࡚ໃຊࢆ㄂ࡾࠊᨭ㓄ࡢ᚟άࢆ┠ᣦࡍ‽ഛࢆࡋ
࡚࠸ࡿ࠿ࡶࡋࢀࡲࡏࢇࠋࡇ࠺ࡋࡓࣜࢫࢡࡣࠊྠᅜࡢᢪ࠼ࡿ኱つᶍ࡞㖔≀㈨※࡬ᢞ㈨ࢆㄏ
⮴ࡍࡿィ⏬࡟ᑐࡋ࡚ࡣࠊᙜ↛ࠊ࣐࢖ࢼࢫせᅉ࡜࡞ࡾࡲࡍࠋ኱ᆺࡢ㖔ᒣᶵᲔࡣࠊࢸࣟάື
࡟࠾࠸࡚ᐜ᫆࠿ࡘ㨩ຊⓗ࡞ᶆⓗ࡜࡞ࡾࡲࡍࠋ13 ᖺ㛫࡟ࢃࡓࡿᡓதࢆ⤒࡚ࠊࢱࣜࣂࣥࡀ⡿
ᅜࡢ᧔㏥ࢆḼ㏄ࡋ࡚࠸ࡿࡢ࠿ࠊ࠶ࡿ࠸ࡣ⡿ᅜ࡟཯ᧁࡍࡿࡇ࡜ࢆᮃࢇ࡛࠸ࡿࡢ࠿ࠊᐃ࠿࡛
ࡣ࠶ࡾࡲࡏࢇࠋࢱࣜࣂࣥࡢ㛵ᚰࡣ୺࡟࢔ࣇ࢞ࢽࢫࢱࣥᅜෆ࡟࠶ࡿࡔࢁ࠺࡜ᛮࢃࢀࡲࡍࡀࠊ
ࢱࣜࣂࣥࡀࣃ࢟ࢫࢱࣥ࡜ࡢᅜቃࢆ⟶⌮࡛ࡁࡿྍ⬟ᛶࡣపࡃࠊࣃ࢟ࢫࢱࣥ࡟ࡣḢ⡿࡬ࡢᨷ
ᧁ࡟㛵ᚰࢆᣢࡘᭀຊⓗ࡞࢖ࢹ࢜ࣟࢠ࣮ࡀᏑᅾࡋ࡚࠸ࡲࡍࠋ⡿ᅜࡢ᧔㏥࡟ࡼࡾࠊ࠾ࡑࡽࡃ
ᅜቃᆅᖏ࡛ࣜࢫࢡࡀ㧗ࡲࡿࡇ࡜࡟࡞ࡿ࡛ࡋࡻ࠺ࠋ
40. ࢧ࢖ࣂ࣮ᨷᧁ㸸ୡ⏺ࡢ᝟ሗ࢔࣮࢟ࢸࢡࢳࣕࡣࡘ࡞ࡀࡾࢆቑࡋࠊࡑࡢ⤖ᯝࠊᅜᐙࠊ‽ᨻᗓ
⤌⧊ࠊ࠾ࡼࡧಶே࡟࡜ࡗ࡚ࡢ᪂ࡓ࡞ᆅᨻᏛⓗ㡿ᇦ࡜ࡋ࡚ࠊࢧ࢖ࣂ࣮✵㛫ࡀຍࢃࡾࡲࡋࡓࠋ
ࢧ࢖ࣂ࣮ᨷᧁࡣࠊᇶᮏⓗ࡞ DoS㸦ࢧ࣮ࣅࢫጉᐖ㸧ᨷᧁ࠿ࡽᇶ┙ࢩࢫࢸ࣒ࢆࢡࣛࢵࢩࣗࡉ
ࡏࡿ኱つᶍ࡞✼┐⾜Ⅽ࡟⮳ࡿࡲ࡛ࠊࡑࡢᡓ⾡࠾ࡼࡧ┠ⓗࡣࡉࡲࡊࡲ࡛ࡍࠋࢧ࢖ࣂ࣮ᨷᧁ
ࡣࠊ᝟ሗ࡟ᑐࡍࡿ࢔ࢡࢭࢫࢆไ㝈ࡋࠊ᝟ሗࢆኚ᭦࠶ࡿ࠸ࡣྲྀᚓࡍࡿࡶࡢ࡛ࡍࠋᑗ᮶ࡢᡓ
த࡟ࢧ࢖ࣂ࣮ⓗ࡞せ⣲ࡀຍࢃࡿࡇ࡜ࡣ᫂ࡽ࠿࡛ࠊୡ⏺ࡢ኱ᅜࢆᶆⓗ࡟ࡍࡿໃຊࡀ᭱ึࡢ
୍ᧁ࡜ࡋ࡚ࢧ࢖ࣂ࣮ᨷᧁࢆ฼⏝ࡍࡿྍ⬟ᛶࡣ㧗࠸࡛ࡋࡻ࠺ࠋࡋ࠿ࡋࠊࢧ࢖ࣂ࣮άືࡢ኱
༙ࡣࠊᅜᐙࡼࡾࡶୗࡢࣞ࣋ࣝࠊ౛࠼ࡤᨻ἞ࣁࢵ࣮࢝ࡸ⤌⧊≢⨥ࠊࢸࣟࣜࢫࢺ࡞࡝ࡀ⾜ࡗ
࡚࠸ࡲࡍࠋᮾḢࡸ࢔ࢪ࢔࠿ࡽࡢࢧ࢖ࣂ࣮ᨷᧁ࡟ᑐࡍࡿᠱᛕࡀ㧗ࡲࡾࡘࡘ࠶ࡾࡲࡍࠋࡲࡓࠊ
ࢧ࢖ࣂ࣮රჾࡢᣑ኱࡟ࡼࡾࠊᨷᧁࢆ௙᥃ࡅࡿഃࡀ᫂ࡽ࠿࡟᭷฼࡞఩⨨࡟❧ࡗ࡚࠸ࡲࡍࠋ
㜵ᚚࡢቨࢆ㧗ࡃࡍࡿࡇ࡜ࡔࡅ࡛ࡣࢩࢫࢸ࣒ࡢᏳ඲☜ಖ࡟ࡣ୙༑ศ࡛ࠊィ⟬㏿ᗘࡢྥୖ࡜
࣐࢙ࣝ࢘࢔ࡢ㧗ᗘ໬࡟ࡼࡾࠊࢭ࢟ࣗࣜࢸ࢕ࡢቨࡣࡼࡾᐜ᫆࡟✺◚࡛ࡁࡿࡼ࠺࡟࡞ࡾࡲࡋ
ࡓࠋᨷᧁഃࡀ㜵ᚚഃࡼࡾ᭷฼࡛࠶ࡿ⎔ቃࡣࠊࡍ࡭࡚ࠊᮏ㉁ⓗ࡟୙Ᏻᐃ࡞ࢭ࢟ࣗࣜࢸ࢕⎔
ቃ࡜࠸࠼ࡲࡍࠋ㔜せ࡞ࢩࢫࢸ࣒࡟ᑐࡍࡿࢧ࢖ࣂ࣮ᨷᧁࡢࣜࢫࢡࠊ࠶ࡿ࠸ࡣࠊࢧ࢖ࣂ࣮ᨷ
ᧁࡢᙳ㡪ࡀ࿘ᅖ࡟ᗈࡃἼཬࡋࡓࡾ」㞧࡞ኻᩋ࡟ࡘ࡞ࡀࡗࡓࡾࡍࡿࣜࢫࢡࡣ㧗ࡲࡗ࡚࠸ࡲ
ࡍࠋ௒ᚋࡇ࠺ࡋࡓࣜࢫࢡࡣᚎࠎ࡟㧗ࡲࡗ࡚࠸ࡃ࡜ண᝿ࡉࢀࠊᨷᧁࡢᶆⓗ࡜ᛶ㉁ࡀ㈨ᮏᕷ
ሙ࡬ࡢᙳ㡪ࢆ኱ࡁࡃᕥྑࡍࡿ࡛ࡋࡻ࠺ࠋ
2025 ᖺࡲ࡛ࡢᆅᨻᏛⓗ஦㇟㸸㔜኱࡞ᙳ㡪࠶ࡿ࠸ࡣ㧗࠸☜⋡ࢆᣢࡘ஦㇟
㔜኱࡞ᙳ㡪ࢆ୚࠼ࡿ஦㇟㸸
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᪥⡿࡜୰ᅜࡢ㛫࡛ࠊ㡿ᅵၥ㢟࠶ࡿ࠸ࡣࢧ࢖ࣂ࣮ᨷᧁࢆࡵࡄࡿ኱ࡁ࡞ᑐ❧ࡀ⏕ࡌࡿ
Ḣ⡿ㅖᅜ࡟࠾࠸࡚᰾ࢸࣟࡲࡓࡣ⏕≀රჾࢸࣟࡀⓎ⏕ࡍࡿ
ࢧ࢖ࣂ࣮άື࡟ࡼࡾ㔠⼥ࠊ㟁ຊࠊ࠶ࡿ࠸ࡣ㏻ಙࢩࢫࢸ࣒ࡀࢡࣛࢵࢩࣗࡍࡿ
༳ࣃ㛫࡛᰾ᡓதࡀຨⓎࡍࡿ
㈠᫆ಖㆤ୺⩏ࡀ୍ẁ࡜㧗ࡲࡾࠊ᪂ࡓ࡞ྠ┕㛵ಀࡀᵓ⠏ࡉࢀࡿ
୰ᮾ࡟࠾ࡅࡿᆅ఩ࢆࡵࡄࡾࢧ࢘ࢪ࢔ࣛࣅ࢔࡜࢖ࣛࣥࡀᡓத࡟✺ධࡍࡿ
ࣟࢩ࢔ࡀ㡿ᅵᣑ኱ࢆ⥆ࡅࠊḢᕞ࡜ࡢᑐ❧ࡢྍ⬟ᛶࡀ⏕ࡌࡿ
໭ᮅ㩭ࡀ㡑ᅜ࡜ࡢᡓதࢆᘬࡁ㉳ࡇࡍ
21
㛵ಀ⪅㝈
9. ୰༡⡿࡛஧ᗘ┠ࡢ᰾㌷ᣑ➇தࡀ㉳ࡇࡿ
10. ࣟࢩ࢔ࡀ㡿ᅵᣑ኱ࢆ⥆ࡅࠊᅜ㐃ࡢᖖ௵⌮஦ᅜ 5 ࢝ᅜࡢయไࡀᔂቯࡍࡿ
☜⋡ࡢ㧗࠸஦㇟㸸
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໭ᮅ㩭ࡀ◚ࡓࢇࡋࠊ㡑ᅜ࡜⤫ྜࡍࡿ
࢖ࣛࣥࡀ₯ᅾⓗ࡞᰾රჾ〇㐀⬟ຊࢆᡭ࡟ධࢀࡿ
࢖ࣛࢡ࡜ࢩࣜ࢔ࡢᅜቃࡀኚ໬ࡍࡿ
㡿ᅵၥ㢟ࢆࡵࡄࡾࠊ୰ᅜࡀᑠつᶍࡢ㌷஦⾪✺ࢆ⧞ࡾ㏉ࡍ
༳ࣃ㛵ಀࡀᝏ໬ࡍࡿ
⡿ᅜࡢእ஺ᨻ⟇ࡀ୍ẁ࡜ಖᏲ໬࣭Ꮩ❧୺⩏໬ࡍࡿ
Ḣᕞ⤒῭ࡀపᡂ㛗࡟࡜࡝ࡲࡿ
ࢧ࢖ࣂ࣮ᨷᧁࡀ࢚ࢫ࣮࢝ࣞࢺࡍࡿ
ࢧ࢘ࢪ࢔ࣛࣅ࢔ࡀᏳᐃࡍࡿ
࢔ࣇࣜ࢝ࡢ≧ἣࡀዲ㌿ࡍࡿ
⤖ㄽ
21 ୡ⣖ึ㢌ࠊ᪂ࡓ࡞ᢏ⾡࠾ࡼࡧ᪂ࡋ࠸ࠕୡ⏺⛛ᗎࠖ࡬ࡢ⛣⾜ࡢ⥅⥆࡟ࡼࡾࠊᆅᨻᏛⓗࣜࢫࢡࡀ
㧗ࡲࡗ࡚࠸ࡲࡍࠋࡇ࠺ࡋࡓࣜࢫࢡࡀ㈨ᮏᕷሙ࡟Ἴཬࡋࡓሙྜࡢᙳ㡪ࡣ⏒኱࡛ࡍࠋ㈨ᮏᕷሙ࡟ཧ
ຍࡍࡿ௻ᴗ࡛ࡣࠊᆅᨻᏛⓗࣜࢫࢡࢆᚭᗏⓗ࡟ศᯒࡋࠊ㧗࠸▱ぢ࡟ᇶ࡙ࡃࢥࣥࢸ࢕ࣥࢪ࢙ࣥࢩ
࣮࣭ࣉࣛࣥ㸦⥭ᛴ᫬ᑐᛂィ⏬㸧ࢆ⟇ᐃࡍࡿࡇ࡜ࡀ᭷ຠ࡛ࡋࡻ࠺ࠋṧᛕ࡞ࡀࡽࠊᆅᨻᏛⓗࣜࢫࢡ
஦㇟ࡢⓎ⏕࡟ࡼࡗ࡚ᕷሙࡀ୍᫬ⓗ࡟ᙳ㡪ࢆཷࡅࡿྍ⬟ᛶࡀ㧗࠸ࡇ࡜ࡣࠊṔྐⓗ࡟ࡶ♧ࡉࢀ࡚࠸
ࡲࡍࠋ
ᆅᨻᏛⓗࣜࢫࢡࡢศᯒ࡜࠸࠺ࡢࡣ཯᚟సᴗ࡛࠶ࡾࠊࣇ࢕࣮ࢻࣂࢵࢡࢆ⧞ࡾ㏉ࡍࡇ࡜࡟ࡼࡗ࡚኱
ࡁ࡞ᨵၿࡀぢ㎸ࡲࢀࡲࡍࠋ୍᪉ࠊ࠶ࡿ⤒㦂㇏࠿࡞እ஺ᐁ࡟ࡼࡿ࡜ࠊࠕ㸦ᨻ⟇࡜ࡣ㸧⥅⥆ⓗ࡟ኚ
໬ࡍࡿࠊே࡜࢔࢖ࢹ࢕࢔ࡢ⤌ࡳྜࢃࡏ࡛ࠖࡍࠋᨻ⟇Ỵᐃ࡜ពᛮỴᐃࡣྠ୍ࡢࡶࡢ࡛ࡣ࠶ࡾࡲࡏ
ࢇࠋࠕᨻ⟇࡜ࡣពぢࠊᡓ␎ࠊ࠶ࡿ࠸ࡣ᪉ྥឤ࡟ᑐࡍࡿᯟ⤌ࡳ࡛࠶ࡾࠊ୍᪉ࠊ≉ᐃࡢỴ᩿࡜࠸࠺
ࡢࡣᮃࡲࡋ࠸᪉ྥ࡟㐍ࡴࡓࡵࡢᐇ㝿ࡢ㐨➽࡛ࡍࠋࠖ5 ࡇࡢᛮ៖῝࠸ຓゝࡣࠊ㈨⏘㐠⏝࡟ࡶᙜ࡚
ࡣࡲࡾࡲࡍࠋ
5
ࣁࣟࣝࢻ࣭ࢧࣥࢲ࣮ࢫ“What Really Happened in Bangladesh.”㸦㑥㢟௬ヂࠕࣂࣥࢢࣛࢹࢩ࡛ࣗᐇ㝿ఱࡀ㉳ࡁࡓࡢ࠿ࠖ㸧ࠗࣇ࢛࣮࣭ࣜࣥ࢔ࣇ࢙
࢔࣮ࢬ࠘1999 ᖺ 11/12 ᭶ྕ p.41
22
㛵ಀ⪅㝈
ཧ⪃ᩥ⊩
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
Blank, Jonah. "Kashmir: Fundamentalism Takes Root." Foreign Affairs (Nov./Dec. 1999).
Brands, H. W., American Colossus: the Triumph of Capitalism, 1865-1900. New York:
Doubleday, 2011.
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Chernow, Ron. The House of Morgan: An American Banking Dynasty and the Rise of
Modern Finance. New York: Atlantic Monthly Press, 1990.
Harford, Tim. “How to See into the Future.” FT Magazine (September 5, 2014).
Ferguson, Niall. The House of Rothschild: Volume 1: Money's Prophets: 1798-1848, New
York: Penguin Books, 1999.
Friedman, Walter. Fortune Tellers. New Jersey: Princeton University Press, 2014.
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1989.
Fukuyama, Francis. “America in Decay: The Sources of Political Dysfunction.” Foreign
Affairs (September/October 2014).
Goldman, Marshall. “Putin’s Power Grab.” Foreign Affairs (November/December 2004).
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Harvard UP, 2002.
Harris, Shane. "The Social Laboratory: Singapore Is Testing Whether Mass Surveillance
and Big Data Can Not Only Protect National Security, but Actually Engineer a More
Harmonious Society." Foreign Policy 1 (July 2014).
Huntington, Samuel. The Clash of Civilizations and the Remaking of World Order. New
York: Touchstone, 1996.
Kissinger, Henry. World Order. New York: Penguin Press, 2014.
Peterson, P., Morris Goldstein, and Carla A. Hills. “Safeguarding Prosperity in a Global
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Rashid, Ahmed. "The Taliban: Exporting Extremism." Foreign Affairs (Nov. /Dec. 1999).
Keynes, John M. The Economic Consequences of the Peace. New York: Hancourt, Braw
and Rowe, 1920.
Mearsheimer, John. “Why the Ukraine Crisis is the West’s Fault: The Liberal Delusions
That Provoked Putin.” Foreign Affairs (September/October 2014).
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Saunders, Harold. “What Really Happened in Bangladesh.” Foreign Affairs (July/August
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Sarotte, Mary E. “A Broken Promise? What the West Really Told Moscow About NATO
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The Journal of American Medical Association, Vol. 288, No. 10 (2002): 1235-1244
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Penguin Press, 2012.
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Yergin, Daniel, and Joseph Stanislaw. The Commanding Heights: The Battle for the
World Economy. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1998.
23
㛵ಀ⪅㝈
Figure X. U.S. Equity Reactions to Key Geopolitical Events:
1914 through September 11, 2014
Cumulative Dow Jones
Industrial Performance (%)
After Reaction Dates*
Crisis Grade
Event
Market Reaction Dates
Date Range
Gain/Loss (%)
22 Days
63 Days
126 Days
Geopolitical Events
A
World War I
A
Pearl Harbor
A
Korean War
A
Cuban Missile Crisis
A
Gulf of Tonkin Incident
A
Arab Oil Embargo
A
Gulf War Ultimatum
A
Attack on World Trade Center and Pentagon
A
Egypt Coup d'etat & Crackdown
A
Russia Invades Crimea
B
Fall of France
B
Berlin Blockade
B
France Falls at Dien Bien Phu
B
Soviet Invasion of Hungary
B
Sputnik
B
China Cultural Revolution
B
Six-Day War
B
Soviet Tanks Invade Prague
B
Yom Kippur War
B
Fall of Vietnam
B
Iranian Revolution
B
U.S.S.R. Invasion of Afghanistan
B
Falkland Islands War
B
U.S. Invades Grenada
B
Invasion of Panama
B
Iraq Invades Kuwait
B
Coup Attempt Against Gorbachev
B
World Trade Center Bombing
B
Oklahoma City Bombing
B
Kosovo War
B
U.S. Invades Iraq
B
U.S. Invades Afghanistan
B
Battle of Baghdad
B
Madrid Train Bombings
B
London Subway Bombings
B
Russo-Georgian War
B
Mumbai Attacks
B
Arab Spring (Tunisia)
B
Libyan Civil War
B
Benghazi Attack
B
Boston Marathon Bombings
B
Syria Chemical Attack Allegations
C
Easter Rebellion in Ireland
C
Bloody Sunday (N. Ireland)
C
U.S. Bombs Cambodia
C
Beirut Barracks Bombing
C
U.S. Bombs Libya
C
Argentina AMIA Bombing
C
Poison Gas Attack in Tokyo Subway
C
U.S. Embassy Bombings in Nairobi and Dar es Salaam
C
USS Cole Bombing
C
2002 Bali Bombings
C
Haiti Earthquake
C
Kenya Mall Attack
C
Marakesh Market Bombing
C
French Intervention in Mali
C
Boko Haram's Abduction of Nigerian School Girls
C
2014 Hamas-Israel Conflict in Gaza
C
Ebola Virus Outbreak
7/28/1914 - 11/11/1918
12/06/1941 - 12/10/1941
6/23/1950 - 7/13/1950
10/19/1962 - 10/27/1962
8/2/1964 - 8/7/1964
10/18/1973 - 12/05/1973
12/24/1990 - 1/16/1991
9/11/2001-9/30/2001
7/3/2013-08/23/2013
2/28/2014 - 3/4/2014
5/09/1940 - 6/22/1940
06/24/1948 - 05/12/1949
3/13/1954 - 5/8/1954
11/04/1956 - 11/10/1956
10/03/1957 - 10/22/1957
05/16/1966 - 10/06/1976
06/05/1967 - 06/10/1967
8/20/1968 - 10/28/1968
10/6/1973-10/25/1973
04/30/1975 - 05/01/1975
1/16/1979 - 2/11/1979
12/24/1979 - 1/03/1980
4/01/1982 - 5/07/1982
10/24/1983 - 11/07/1983
12/15/1989 - 12/20/1989
08/02/1990 - 08/04/1990
8/16/1991 - 8/19/1991
2/26/1993 - 3/1/1993
4/19/1995 - 4/20/1995
02/28/1998 - 06/11/1999
3/19/2003 - 12/21/2011
10/07/2001-06/22/2011
03/20/2003 - 04/15/2003
03/11/2004 - 03/12/2004
7/7/2005 - 7/8/2005
08/07/2008 - 08/12/2008
11/26/2008 - 11/29/2008
12/17/2010 - 01/14/2011
02/15/2011 - 10/23/2011
09/11/2012 - 09/12/2012
04/15/2013 - 04/19/2013
08/21/2013 - 09/26/2013
4/14/1916 - 6/30/1916
11/21/1920 - 11/30/1920
4/29/1970 - 5/26/1970
10/23/1983-10/24/1983
4/15/1986 - 4/21/1986
07/18/1994-07/19/1994
3/20/1995 - 3/21/1995
8/07/1998 - 8/10/1998
10/12/2000 - 10/13/2000
10/12/2002-10/13/2002
01/12/2010 - 01/13/2010
09/21/2013 - 09/24/2013
04/28/2011-04/29/2011
1/11/2013-Present
04/14/2014-04/15/2014
7/8/2014-Present
03/21/2014-Present
14.92
-5.94
-11.99
-0.74
-1.42
-17.86
-4.29
-7.89
0.15
0.45
-17.25
-8.47
6.51
-1.04
-9.88
10.62
3.20
7.77
0.33
1.17
-1.58
-2.25
4.32
-2.73
-1.88
-1.92
-2.36
-0.46
0.55
22.76
46.11
32.78
-17.52
1.10
1.43
1.85
1.17
2.57
-3.42
0.07
-0.35
2.89
-2.24
3.99
-14.41
0.01
2.56
-0.19
-0.27
-0.27
1.57
0.00
0.50
-0.75
0.37
-5.93
1.79
7.70
10.89
1.20
7.95
12.03
5.98
2.44
-0.77
-0.80
-4.27
1.86
-2.59
2.45
-0.74
-1.67
0.94
-8.53
0.11
0.60
6.80
-5.71
5.96
2.71
-9.85
2.92
3.17
4.73
6.18
3.00
2.70
1.88
2.25
1.84
-0.94
-2.83
2.59
2.29
1.82
3.92
0.47
-0.47
-11.86
11.65
-0.08
-3.80
0.49
3.07
-8.72
6.14
9.19
-6.35
0.26
-2.33
-6.70
-2.29
13.68
14.48
5.90
4.61
14.47
11.35
3.73
0.03
2.23
-0.64
6.05
1.74
2.22
0.37
5.23
-1.32
-12.67
4.91
5.85
0.95
-6.34
5.88
-3.88
-10.64
5.60
2.71
8.49
4.61
6.86
-6.52
10.96
-2.22
2.20
-20.03
-9.38
0.60
4.11
-5.72
1.73
5.02
1.80
-0.74
15.89
0.12
0.45
3.22
8.93
-6.69
2.38
7.43
0.50
4.81
-1.78
0.86
-10.04
15.96
15.94
4.24
7.03
16.00
11.98
9.78
3.12
6.97
4.27
8.21
-2.28
4.07
-2.69
4.95
-5.13
-11.69
0.88
2.54
-0.62
4.33
-4.90
-0.80
-7.81
4.30
3.83
8.27
-4.49
8.12
-1.99
12.22
-0.98
2.27
-23.35
-9.19
6.15
9.94
1.33
3.18
3.39
18.64
0.16
20.55
-5.53
0.86
-1.88
15.76
1.41
5.96
0.75
-2.21
3.87
-12.26
0.55
1.57
3.36
4.04
Political/Economic Events
1
U.S. Stock Market Crash of 1907
1
JFK Assasination
1
Kent State Shootings
1
Nixon Resigns/Watergate
1
U.S. Stock Market Crash of 1987
1
Orange County, CA Bankruptcy & Financial Crisis
1
Lehman Bankruptcy/Great Recession
1
Wikileaks
2
Earthquake in Tokyo
2
Truman Upset Victory
2
Riots and Labor Strike in France
2
Hunt Silver Crisis
2
ERM U.K. Currency Crisis
2
Mexico - Tequila Crisis
2
Terrorist Attack in Paris Metro
2
Asian Stock Market Crisis
2
Russian LTCM Crisis
2
South Ossetia War
2
Occupy Wall Street Protests
2
Snowden NSA Leaks
10/28/1929-10/29/1929
11/21/1963 - 11/22/1963
5/04/1970 - 5/14/1970
8/9/1974 - 8/29/1974
10/02/1987 - 10/19/1987
12/06/1994 - 12/31/1994
09/15/2008 - 06/30/2009
10/28/2010-11/4/2010
9/1/1923-9/15/1923
11/02/1948 - 11/10/1948
5/6/1968 - 5/26/1968
2/13/1980 - 3/27/1980
9/14/1992 - 10/16/1992
12/19/1994 - 12/31/1995
7/25/1995 - 7/26/1995
10/07/1997 - 10/27/1997
8/18/1998 - 10/08/1998
08/07/2008-08/12/2008
09/17/2011-01/01/2012
06/05/2013-01/01/2014
-11.73
-2.89
-4.17
-15.50
-34.16
2.36
-22.63
2.89
-4.10
-8.34
-2.10
-15.92
-5.98
34.99
-0.16
-12.44
-11.28
1.85
6.16
10.80
4.85
6.84
1.50
2.12
8.02
0.91
5.14
-3.00
-0.25
-0.19
0.91
0.45
2.07
2.00
-1.62
6.84
11.13
-0.94
4.02
-2.29
8.00
10.06
5.64
1.32
14.47
4.05
10.22
2.30
0.78
3.89
-0.76
11.35
4.37
8.20
1.17
8.82
14.35
-20.03
6.22
-1.31
18.88
14.68
10.64
-3.78
17.34
13.27
15.68
4.81
7.42
0.90
4.30
23.07
4.66
7.05
8.47
19.40
21.10
-23.35
6.72
-0.35
-0.78
-0.27
1.50
1.80
2.65
2.97
4.20
4.16
0.59
0.00
1.17
1.80
1.93
2.22
2.65
3.15
-4.62
-4.13
2.43
1.75
4.66
5.01
8.55
7.94
Overall
Mean
Median
Geopolitical Events
Mean
Median
Political Events
Mean
Median
High Geopolitical Risk Events (A)
Mean
Median
Medium Geopolitical Risk Events (B)
Mean
Median
Low Geopolitical Risk Events (C)
Mean
Median
U.S. Political/Economic Events (1)
Mean
Median
Non-U.S. Political/Economic Events (2)
Mean
Median
Crisis Code Key
A-High Geopolitical Risk
B-Medium Geopolitical Risk
C-Low Geopolitical Risk
1- U.S. Political Crisis
2- Non-U.S. Political Crisis
Source: BNY Mellon using data from Bloomberg
24
-3.46
-2.85
4.33
4.21
5.93
5.25
7.48
8.40
2.38
0.44
0.73
1.85
0.28
1.97
0.73
2.40
-0.61
0.00
-0.09
0.09
2.84
2.09
3.58
1.13
-10.73
-7.95
3.30
3.48
7.01
6.82
11.44
13.97
-0.54
-3.10
1.84
0.68
3.09
4.13
6.62
6.89
End
25
End
48%
50%
12.26
12.85
-0.30
-28.60
-1.02
-10.64
9.88
6.99
3.06
19.65
9.06
-11.49
24.89
-13.41
-11.95
38%
18.18
23.76
-8.03
-6.80
-7.03
-1.85
-11.14
-162.58
-4.48
17.66
10.38
-3.39
11.68
29.61
3.09
-13.72
36.65
-11.35
-15.22
50%
22.64
19.99
1.32
-11.36
25.69
19.67
6.87
20.41
-0.52
-37.02
40.56
-23.33
-27.72
75%
21.40
5.63
14.65
3.09
46.73
1.75
6.07
-9.23
7.28
38.24
44.64
12.48
32.36
-0.79
-6.86
5.36
7.64
6.52
-3.65
9.54
4.22
-38.31
1.04
3.27
4.46
6.65
3.46
5.07
3.62
-16.35
3.22
25.35
56.90
12.37
6.91
14.04
14.80
4.59
5.73
5.63
-3.17
27.72
32.71
37.40
7.57
7.40
8.94
3.42
27.84
7.69
3.46
18.62
7.79
4.79
18.15
10.43
7.20
0.12
-6.74
19.62
9.56
2.19
18.92
20.37
24.12
-17.28
23.46
-18.44
7.84
72.08
1.24
22.31
-31.65
-4.76
149.72
10.01
-14.42
16.83
83.28 114.80
7.50
3.71
14.55
10.17
26%
18.54
20.71
10%
15.50
25.03
-20.97
15.50
23.21
-10.38
-10.42
-5.89
-6.28
-80.79
-25.45
-10.97
-73.01
-6.43
-6.00
-0.36
-5.26
12.02
-12.95
-2.56
-23.66
-9.66
-22.87
5.78
-19.45
-16.55
-3.18
-56.12
23.98
27.73
-88.21
-4.19
-24.97
21%
13.56
18.39
-11.54
26.81
-8.89
4.85
-11.97
-11.14
-2.54
-20.37
-2.79
-12.92
-23.44
-18.51
-65.12
9.02
-24.57
63%
22.43
58.34
-7.86
32.08
4.40
28.48
-122.00
47.13
-45.88
0.07
-7.15
30%
13.22
29.35
-15.07
21.86
-3.05
-53.92
-11.88
11.96
-9.89
-23.57
-95.18
5.85
-7.98
Annualized Total Return (% ) During
U.S.
U.K. France Germany Japan
16.78
-19.17
-1.39
-4.51
9.93
-1.58
16.43
17.80
6.00
25.45
6.42
-3.44
26.66
43.86
122.01
3.36
31.48
4.75
9.33
7.57
-1.72
-9.37
2.22
22.23
5.10
-1.46
5.17
34.17
6.65
15.31
1.56
26.17
-0.63
-2.90
16.88
21.97
13.52
16.23
8.23
7.34
12.19
27.59
76.43
1.55
47.03
5.67
28.89
99.58 101.77
15.08
17.08
28.80
14.28
Annualized Total Return (% ) During
U.S.
U.K. France Germany Japan
10.52
10.98
21.82
6.40
3.10
2.34
5.91
-4.36
21.58
17.92
28.77
10.64
8.28
4.39
2.32
2.65
9.28
-4.03
10.51
5.65
3.30
2.87
2.52
-0.32
4.16
-28.53
25.53
33.39
11.37
10.89
3.83
Annualized Total Return (% ) During
U.S.
U.K. France Germany Japan
Source: BNY Mellon using data from Global Financial Data
Japan Topix Total Return Index.
Indices used for Bonds: USA 10-year Government Bond Total Return Index, France 10-year Total Return Government Bond Index, United Kingdom 10-year Government Bond Total Return Index, Japan 10-year Government Bond Return Index,
Germany 10-year Government Bond Return Index. Indices used for equities: S&P 500 Total Return Index, UK FTSE All-Share Return Index, France CAC All-Tradable Total Return Index, Germany Deutscher Aktienindex (DAX-30) Return Index,
Frequency of Bonds Outperforming Equities
-3.60
12.22
17.98
Avg. Bond Outperf.
Avg. Equity Outperf.
3.32
1.21
11.38
-38.53
-8.50
-13.11
-19.48
19.26
-7.15
12.96
-39.74
-21.37
-2.14
3.25
22.06
10.98
0.63
-12.28
37.11
-17.72
-17.76
Average
02/17/1815
02/21/1848
02/25/1856
04/09/1865
01/28/1871
12/10/1898
5/31/1902
9/6/1905
11/11/1918
8/14/1945
7/27/1953
1/27/1973
6/10/1967
10/25/1973
5/7/1982
2/26/1991
12/14/1995
6/11/1999
present
10/23/2011
present
Start
-8.85
06/19/1812
05/13/1846
03/27/1854
04/12/1861
07/15/1870
04/25/1898
10/11/1899
2/8/1904
4/6/1917
12/7/1941
6/25/1950
8/4/1964
6/5/1967
10/6/1973
4/1/1982
1/16/1991
1/16/1991
4/6/1992
2/28/1998
9/11/2001
3/15/2011
6.17
War of 1812
Mexican American War
Crimean War
U.S. Civil War
Franco Prussian War
Spanish American War
Boer War
Russo Japanese War
World War I
World War II
Korean War
Vietnam War
Arab Israeli War
Yom Kippur War
Falkland Islands
Gulf War
Bosnian War
Kosovo War
War on Terror
Libyan Civil War
Syrian War
12.51
Bond Outperformance over Equities
4.78
2.09
-42.23
16.10
0.51
-6.67 11.54
-21.53
8.45
8.64
2.19
-21.90 -39.53
12.81 -27.62
46.30
-6.77
-28.11 -26.21
26.19
2.97
29.90
8.47
Total Return (% ) 1 Year Before
U.S.
U.K. France Germany Japan
10.59
8.01
2.49
12.92
169.48
1.07
-11.98
-7.65
1.51
-1.55
-23.53
10.19
24.37
-26.66
13.56
17.37
8.21
-1.97
-0.20
-0.22
-1.12
-4.09
-4.73
32.97
5.99
7.75
1.83
15.14
8.51
25.00
1.16
-17.40
-0.88
7.47
-0.42
-8.02 33.28
41.65
1.98
24.00 13.08
7.04
-0.99
0.98
-5.51
-13.18 11.78
-3.10
-9.74
11.04
3.31
26.91 25.31
-24.39 -17.41
22.19 18.13
22.57 17.02
Average
02/17/1815
02/21/1848
02/25/1856
04/09/1865
01/28/1871
12/10/1898
5/31/1902
9/6/1905
11/11/1918
8/14/1945
7/27/1953
1/27/1973
6/10/1967
10/25/1973
5/7/1982
2/26/1991
12/14/1995
6/11/1999
present
10/23/2011
present
5.43
Start
7.22
06/19/1812
05/13/1846
03/27/1854
04/12/1861
07/15/1870
04/25/1898
10/11/1899
2/8/1904
4/6/1917
12/7/1941
6/25/1950
8/4/1964
6/5/1967
10/6/1973
4/1/1982
1/16/1991
4/6/1992
2/28/1998
9/11/2001
2/15/2011
3/15/2011
3.74
5.18
6.47
4.74
19.02
-1.87
15.51
-1.49
12.28
9.28
12.45
2.86
2.17
10.66
6.37
-10.08
10.34
5.18
4.51
2.26
17.60
-0.78
9.47
-1.29
17.02
5.71
6.15
2.17
1.61
War of 1812
Mexican American War
Crimean War
U.S. Civil War
Franco Prussian War
Spanish American War
Boer War
Russo Japanese War
World War I
World War II
Korean War
Vietnam War
Arab Israeli War
Yom Kippur War
Falkland Islands
Gulf War
Bosnian War
Kosovo War
War on Terror
Libyan Civil War
Syrian War
7.22
4.68
0.96
2.43
8.89
1.48
14.84
9.92
12.37
13.82
7.48
4.72
5.06
9.76
0.74
-14.17
3.09
7.54
3.79
0.98
0.63
1.78
6.90
-3.41
5.68
2.74
-1.89
10.13
6.08
13.28
10.65
9.99
2.22
2.14
Equities
1.34
0.99
7.29
-5.56
-0.74
2.03
5.52
1.86
0.32
4.94
1.91
2.62
4.90
4.22
8.89
7.88
11.67
14.63
12.72
4.47
4.81
Total Return (% ) 1 Year Before
U.S.
U.K. France Germany Japan
02/17/1815
02/21/1848
02/25/1856
04/09/1865
01/28/1871
12/10/1898
5/31/1902
9/6/1905
11/11/1918
8/14/1945
7/27/1953
1/27/1973
6/10/1967
10/25/1973
5/7/1982
2/26/1991
12/14/1995
6/11/1999
present
10/23/2011
present
Total Return (% ) 1 Year Before
U.S.
U.K. France Germany Japan
4.60
06/19/1812
05/13/1846
03/27/1854
04/12/1861
07/15/1870
04/25/1898
10/11/1899
2/8/1904
4/6/1917
12/7/1941
6/25/1950
8/4/1964
6/5/1967
10/6/1973
4/1/1982
1/16/1991
4/6/1992
2/28/1998
9/11/2001
2/15/2011
3/15/2011
War of 1812
Mexican American War
Crimean War
U.S. Civil War
Franco Prussian War
Spanish American War
Boer War
Russo Japanese War
World War I
World War II
Korean War
Vietnam War
Arab Israeli War
Yom Kippur War
Falkland Islands
Gulf War
Bosnian War
Kosovo War
War on Terror
Libyan Civil War
Syrian War
End
Average
Start
Bonds
Figure XX. Historical T otal Returns of U.S., U.K., French, German, and Japanese Bonds and Equities During Periods of War: 1812 to September 11, 2014
6.85
4.74
5.50
6.23
-2.95
3.14
1.33
24.11
13.06
8.04
5.31
2.24
11.08
-14.51
-26.73
0.07
-5.69
12.96
0.13
-0.16
-0.17
0.20
1.07
5.68
-3.09
6.03
0.48
26.20
14.99
15.28
-1.17
6.28
8.28
2.36
3.31
3.41
10.23
2.48
14.12
13.16
8.21
-2.81
2.04
3.36
19.43
2.83
7.74
1.92
-5.58
3.75
-30.18
-9.75
6.10
-3.04
9.92
14.94
6.13
3.02
6.31
9.80
14.53
11.41
6.42
-0.62
5.54
18.60
39.67
32.61
0.48
17.95
-40.57
25.40
13.62
30.60
42.34
17.82
18.23
-22.34
63.37
-18.23
31.92
13.17
28.17
28.25
-8.06
-0.49
-38.93
-8.83
-18.60
5.86
-23.85
18.35
-20.29
-6.08
12.26
19.61
20.68
40%
21%
-4.56
-5.06
-12.05
-36.62
21.32
-49.01
56.20
-12.69
0.74
-8.63
0.19
15.52
10.55
-5.06
-10.74
-2.08
8.38
-5.97
-5.56
-8.11
-2.27
7.31
-12.01
-21.60
-10.86
-23.39
17.74
-6.92
28.65
-20.90
-2.35
-22.83
-2.62
29%
10.92
17.06
-9.06
-0.33
-6.29
0.46
-5.70
-18.40
-38.61
-26.92
-3.57
-11.92
41.06
0.80
1.37
-15.31
-43.51
25%
23.23
21.99
-10.68
-9.95
25.76
-53.14
20.71
-17.80
0.00
-19.96
-31.07
70%
17.69
13.01
8.48
3.85
42.68
-21.36
8.84
0.24
20.81
-8.43
35.22
12.21
-9.24
Total Return (% ) 1 Year After
U.S.
U.K. France Germany Japan
11.19
15.21
6.82
0.82
0.54
8.52
11.64
4.79
11.58
2.97
15.42
5.51
9.90
-2.89
-6.76
0.23
12.47
-5.36
23.17
-8.83
11.53 17.55
31.79 42.84
-14.12 -24.26
13.33 52.15
-28.87 -54.88
52.75 36.80
15.99 12.32
22.96 16.67
7.25
5.12
Total Return (% ) 1 Year After
U.S.
U.K. France Germany Japan
6.13
4.47
4.74
8.92
5.67
6.02
7.31
7.63
0.55
0.47
1.57
0.67
8.40
3.62
6.41
-0.22
31.85
13.64
0.13
4.63
Total Return (% ) 1 Year After
U.S.
U.K. France Germany Japan
㛵ಀ⪅㝈
㛵ಀ⪅㝈
Figure XXX. A History of Long-Term U.S. Interest Rates, U.S. Recessions, and World
Military Conflicts: 1800 to August 29, 2014
Source: BNY Mellon using data from Global Financial Data, Bloomberg
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