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平成23年度 年次報告書 - 大阪大学 産業科学研究所

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㧝㧚ߪߓ߼ߦ
↥ᬺߦ↢߆ߔ⑼ቇ಴ญࠍ⷗ᝪ߃ߚၮ␆⎇ⓥߩផㅴ
ᚲ㐳 ౎ᧁᐽผ
ᄢ㒋ᄢቇ↥ᬺ⑼ቇ⎇ⓥᚲ
એਅ↥⎇ߪ‫⥄ޟޔ‬ὼ⑼ቇߦ㑐ߔࠆ․ᱶ੐㗄ߢ↥ᬺߦᔅⷐߥ߽ߩߩၮ␆⊛ቇ
ℂߣߘߩᔕ↪ߩ⎇ⓥ‫ߦޠ‬ኻߔࠆ㑐⷏ߩ↥ᬺ⇇ߩᒝ޿ᦼᓙߣⷐᦸࠍ⢛᥊ߦ‫ޔ‬ᤘ๺ ᐕߦ⺀↢ߒ߹ߒߚ‫ޕ‬
⸳┙એ᧪‫ޔ‬㑐ଥฦ૏ߩᓮᡰេߦࠃࠅ‫ᤨޔ‬ઍߩᄌㆫߣ౒ߦ⊒ዷߒ‫⃻ޔ‬࿷߽ᣂߚߥ↥ᬺഃᚑߩḮᴰߣߥࠆ
ၮ␆⑼ቇࠍᭂ߼‫ߩߘޔ‬ᚑᨐߦ┙⣉ߒߡᔕ↪⑼ቇࠍዷ㐿ߔࠆߎߣࠍ⋡⊛ߦ‫᧚ޔ‬ᢱ‫ޔ‬ᖱႎ‫↢ޔ‬૕ߩ㧟㗔ၞߩ
⎇ⓥߣ࠽ࡁ࠹ࠢࡁࡠࠫ࡯࡮࠽ࡁࠨࠗࠛࡦࠬಽ㊁ߩ⎇ⓥࠍផㅴߔࠆ✚วℂᎿቇဳ⎇ⓥᚲߣߒߡᱧผࠍೞࠎ
ߢ޿߹ߔ‫ޕ‬
․ߦ࠽ࡁࠨࠗࠛࡦࠬߢߪ‫ోޔ‬࿖ߩ࿖┙ᄢቇߦవ㚟ߌߡ↥ᬺ⑼ቇ࠽ࡁ࠹ࠢࡁࡠࠫ࡯࠮ࡦ࠲࡯ࠍ⸳┙ߒ‫ޔ‬
ᚒ߇࿖ߦ߅ߌࠆ࠽ࡁࠨࠗࠛࡦࠬ⎇ⓥߩవዉ⊛ᓎഀࠍᨐߚߒ⛯ߌߡ޿߹ߔ‫ޔߚ߹ޕ‬ർᶏ㆏ᄢቇ㔚ሶ⑼ቇ⎇
ⓥᚲ‫᧲ޔ‬ർᄢቇᄙర‛⾰⑼ቇ⎇ⓥᚲ‫᧲ޔ‬੩Ꮏᬺᄢቇ⾗Ḯൻቇ⎇ⓥᚲ‫ޔ‬ᄢ㒋ᄢቇ↥ᬺ⑼ቇ⎇ⓥᚲ‫਻ޔ‬Ꮊᄢ
ቇవዉ‛⾰ൻቇ⎇ⓥᚲߩ ᄢቇ㒝⟎⎇ⓥᚲߦࠃࠆో࿖❑ᢿဳ‫ࠬࠗࡃ࠺࡮⾰‛ޟ‬㗔ၞ౒ห⎇ⓥ᜚ὐ‫ࠍޠ‬ᒻ
ᚑߒ‫ߩߘޔ‬᜚ὐᧄㇱߣߒߡ‫ޔ‬ᚒ߇࿖ߢߪ೨଀ߩߥ޿‫ޔ‬ᣂߒ޿ല₸⊛ߥ౒ห⎇ⓥࠪࠬ࠹ࡓࠍ᭴▽ߒ߹ߒߚ‫ޕ‬
ߐࠄߦߘߩᚑᨐࠍ↥ᬺߦ↢߆ߔߚ߼‫ࠍࠬࡄࡦࡖࠠࡦࠝ࡯࡝࠻ࠬ࠳ࡦࠗޔ‬ታ⃻ߔࠆࠗࡦࠠࡘࡌ࡯࡚ࠪࡦ᫟
ࠍቢᚑߐߖ‫ޔ‬ડᬺ࡝ࠨ࡯࠴ࡄ࡯ࠢ߇Ⓙ௛ߒߡ޿߹ߔ‫ߦࠄࠇߎޕ‬ട߃‫ޔ‬ᐔᚑ ᐕᐲߦߪ‫ޔ‬਎⇇ᦨᄢߩ࠽
ࡁ࠹ࠢ⎇ⓥᯏ㑐 KOGE ߣ↥⎇ߣߩ㑆ߢ൮᜝⊛ߥ౒ห⎇ⓥᄾ⚂߇✦⚿ߐࠇ߹ߒߚ‫ޕ‬ડᬺ࡝ࠨ࡯࠴ࡄ࡯ࠢෳ
↹ડᬺߩታ↪ൻ࠾࡯࠭ߣ↥⎇ߩᜬߟ᧚ᢱ‫ޔ‬ᖱႎ‫↢ޔ‬૕‫ࠍ࡞ࡖࠪࡦ࠹ࡐ࠭࡯ࠪߩ࡯ࠫࡠࡁࠢ࠹ࡁ࠽ޔ‬࿖㓙
⥰บߢ⚿߮ઃߌࠆ✚ว⊛⎇ⓥ㐿⊒ផㅴࡊࡠࠣ࡜ࡓߩឭଏࠍ⋡ᜰߒߡ޿߹ߔ‫ޕ‬
ᄢቇߦ߅ߌࠆၮ␆⎇ⓥ߽‫␠ޔ‬ળߩⷐ⺧ࠍ⊛⏕ߦᛠីߒ‫ޔ‬࿖᳃ߩᦼᓙߦᔕ߃ࠆ⑼ቇߩഃ಴߇᳞߼ࠄࠇ߹
ߔ‫ޟޔߪ౒⑳ޕ‬಴ญࠍ⷗ᝪ߃ߚၮ␆⎇ⓥ‫⎇ࠍޠ‬ⓥࠬࡠ࡯ࠟࡦߣߒߡ‫↥ޔ‬ᬺ⇇ߣߩㅪ៤ࠍᒝൻߔࠆᣉ╷ࠍ
┙ߡߚ޿ߣ⠨߃ߡ߅ࠅ߹ߔ‫ޔߪ⎇↥ޕ‬ᱧผߣવ⛔ࠍ⢛᥊ߦ‫ޔ‬ᣂߒ޿ᤨઍࠍ࡝࡯࠼ߔߴߊ‫੹ޔ‬ᓟ߽ⅣႺ࡮
ࠛࡀ࡞ࠡ࡯࡮ක≮࡮቟ో቟ᔃߦ㑐ߔࠆ⺖㗴ࠍ⸃᳿ߔࠆߎߣࠍਛᔃߦ‫⥄⁛ޔ‬ᕈߩ㜞޿਎⇇ᦨవ┵ߩၮ⋚⑼
ቇᛛⴚഃ಴ߩദജࠍ⛯ߌߡෳࠅ߹ߔ‫ޕ‬
ᧄႎ๔ᦠߪ‫ࠆࠃߦ⎇↥ޔ‬ᐔᚑ ᐕᐲߩ⎇ⓥ࡮ᢎ⢒࡮␠ળ⽸₂ߩᚑᨐߩ⸥㍳ߢߔ‫⺒৻ߏߦ߹ߐ⊝ޕ‬
޿ߚߛ߈‫৻ࠅࠃߩ⎇↥ޔ‬ጀߩ⊒ዷߩߚ߼ߦ‫ߏޔ‬ปᱜ‫ߏޔ‬ᛕ್ࠍ㗂ߌࠇ߫ᐘ޿ߢߔ‫੹ޕ‬ᓟߣ߽⊝᭽ߩ᷷߆
޿ߏᡰេߣߏදജ࡮ߏ㖊ᠤࠍᔃࠃࠅ߅㗿޿޿ߚߒ߹ߔ‫ޕ‬
― 1 ―
㧞㧚⎇ⓥᵴേ
㧝㧕⚵❱
↥ᬺ⑼ቇ⎇ⓥᚲߩᯏ᭴߅ࠃ߮ᢎຬ⚵❱ߪ‫ޔ‬ᰴߩߣ߅ࠅߢ޽ࠆ‫ޕ‬
࡮ᯏ᭴࿑㧔ᐔᚑ㧞㧠ᐕ㧟᦬㧟㧝ᣣ⃻࿷㧕
ᚲ 㐳
㒝ዻ↥ᬺ⑼ቇ࠽ࡁ࠹ࠢࡁࡠࠫ࡯࠮ࡦ࠲࡯
࠽ࡁᯏ⢻᧚ᢱ࠺ࡃࠗࠬ⎇ⓥಽ㊁
╙㧝⎇ⓥㇱ㐷㧔ᖱႎ࡮㊂ሶ⑼ቇ♽㧕 ࠽ࡁᭂ㒢ࡈࠔࡉ࡝ࠤ࡯࡚ࠪࡦ⎇ⓥಽ㊁
శ࡮㔚ሶ᧚ᢱ⎇ⓥಽ㊁
࠽ࡁ᭴ㅧ࡮ᯏ⢻⹏ଔ⎇ⓥಽ㊁
ඨዉ૕㊂ሶ⑼ቇ⎇ⓥಽ㊁
࠽ࡁᯏ⢻੍᷹⎇ⓥಽ㊁
వㅴ㔚ሶ࠺ࡃࠗࠬ⎇ⓥಽ㊁
࠰ࡈ࠻࠽ࡁࡑ࠹࡝ࠕ࡞⎇ⓥಽ㊁
ⶄว⍮⢻ࡔ࠺ࠖࠕ⎇ⓥಽ㊁
ࡃࠗࠝ࠽ࡁ࠹ࠢࡁࡠࠫ࡯⎇ⓥಽ㊁
⍮⢻ផ⺰⎇ⓥಽ㊁
ⅣႺ࡮ࠛࡀ࡞ࠡ࡯࠽ࡁᔕ↪ಽ㊁
⍮⼂ࠪࠬ࠹ࡓ⎇ⓥಽ㊁
࠽ࡁ⍮⢻ࠪࠬ࠹ࡓಽ㊁
⍮⢻ࠕ࡯ࠠ࠹ࠢ࠴ࡖ⎇ⓥಽ㊁
࠽ࡁක≮ᔕ↪࠺ࡃࠗࠬಽ㊁
㊂ሶᖱႎࡈࠜ࠻࠾ࠢࠬ⎇ⓥಽ㊁
࠽ࡁࠪࠬ࠹ࡓ⸳⸘ಽ㊁
㒋ᄢ↥⎇࡮ർᄢ㔚ሶ⎇ࠕ࡜ࠗࠕࡦࠬ࡜ࡏ
࠽ࡁ࠺ࡃࠗࠬ⹏ଔ࡮⸻ᢿಽ㊁
࠽ࡁ࠹ࠢࡁࡠࠫ࡯↥ᬺᔕ↪ಽ㊁
╙㧞⎇ⓥㇱ㐷㧔᧚ᢱ࡮ࡆ࡯ࡓ⑼ቇ♽㧕
࠽ࡁ᭴ㅧ࡮ᯏ⢻ࠪࡒࡘ࡟࡯࡚ࠪࡦಽ㊁
㊂ሶᯏ⢻᧚ᢱ⎇ⓥಽ㊁
࠽ࡁࠛ࡟ࠢ࠻ࡠ࠾ࠢࠬಽ㊁
ඨዉ૕᧚ᢱ࡮ࡊࡠ࠮ࠬ⎇ⓥಽ㊁
࠽ࡁᯏ⢻⸘᷹ಽ㊁
㊄ዻ᧚ᢱࡊࡠ࠮ࠬ⎇ⓥಽ㊁
࠽ࡁࡔ࠺ࠖࠪࡦಽ㊁
వ┵ታⵝ᧚ᢱ⎇ⓥಽ㊁
࠽ࡁࡃࠗࠝࡠࠫ࡯ಽ㊁
ബ⿠‛ᕈ⑼ቇ⎇ⓥಽ㊁
࠽ࡁ㧵㨀ಽ㊁
㊂ሶࡆ࡯ࡓ⊒↢⑼ቇ⎇ⓥಽ㊁
࠽ࡁടᎿቶ
㊂ሶࡆ࡯ࡓ‛⾰⑼ቇ⎇ⓥಽ㊁
࠽ࡁ࠹ࠢవ┵ᯏེቶ
㒋ᄢⶄวᯏ⢻࠽ࡁࡈࠔ࠙ࡦ࠳࡝
╙㧟⎇ⓥㇱ㐷㧔↢૕࡮ಽሶ⑼ቇ♽㧕
ബ⿠ಽሶൻቇ⎇ⓥಽ㊁
㒝ዻ✚ว⸃ᨆ࠮ࡦ࠲࡯
ᯏ⢻‛⾰ൻቇ⎇ⓥಽ㊁
㒝ዻ㊂ሶࡆ࡯ࡓ⑼ቇ⎇ⓥᣉ⸳
♖ኒ೙ᓮൻቇ⎇ⓥಽ㊁
㒝ዻ↥ᬺ⑼ቇㅪ៤ᢎ⢒ផㅴ࠮ࡦ࠲࡯
ක⮎ຠൻቇ⎇ⓥಽ㊁
㒝ዻ࿖㓙౒ห⎇ⓥ࠮ࡦ࠲࡯
↢૕⸅ᇦ⑼ቇ⎇ⓥಽ㊁
↢૕ᖱႎ೙ᓮቇ⎇ⓥಽ㊁
࠽ࡁࡑࠢࡠ‛⾰࡮࠺ࡃࠗࠬ࡮ࠪࠬ࠹ࡓࠕ࡜ࠗࠕࡦࠬ
ᰴ਎ઍࠛ࡟ࠢ࠻ࡠ࠾ࠢࠬ
↢૕ಽሶᯏ⢻⑼ቇ⎇ⓥಽ㊁
ᣂࠛࡀ࡞ࠡ࡯᧚ᢱ࡮࠺ࡃࠗࠬ
ක≮᧚ᢱ࡮࠺ࡃࠗࠬ
ᣂ↥ᬺഃᚑ⎇ⓥㇱ㐷
ⅣႺ⺞๺᧚ᢱ࠺ࡃࠗࠬ
ᣂ↥ᬺ੍᷹⎇ⓥಽ㊁
ᣂ↥ᬺഃㅧࠪࠬ࠹ࡓ⎇ⓥಽ㊁
౒ㅢᣉ⸳
⍮⊛⽷↥⎇ⓥಽ㊁
⹜૞ቶ
᡼኿ᕈห૏ర⚛ታ㛎ቶ
ᚲ㐳․છ⎇ⓥቶ
㔚ሶࡊࡠ࠮ࠬታ㛎ቶ
↥ቇㅪ៤ቶ
․೎ࡊࡠࠫࠚࠢ࠻⎇ⓥㇱ㐷
ᖱႎࡀ࠶࠻ࡢ࡯ࠢቶ
╙㧝ࡊࡠࠫࠚࠢ࠻⎇ⓥㇱ㐷
ᐢႎቶ
╙㧞ࡊࡠࠫࠚࠢ࠻⎇ⓥㇱ㐷
࿑ᦠቶ
ᗵᨴ೙ᓮቇ⎇ⓥಽ㊁
ࠝ࡯ࡊࡦ࡜ࡏ࡜࠻࡝࡯
ᭂᓸ᧚ᢱࡊࡠ࠮ࠬ⎇ⓥಽ㊁
ᛛⴚቶ
࠮࡞ࡠ࡯ࠬ࠽ࡁࡈࠔࠗࡃ࡯᧚ᢱ⎇ⓥಽ㊁
╙㧟ࡊࡠࠫࠚࠢ࠻⎇ⓥㇱ㐷
੐ോㇱ ࡆ࡯ࡓᔕ↪ࡈࡠࡦ࠹ࠖࠕ⎇ⓥಽ㊁
ࠕ࡜ࠗࠕࡦࠬ࡜ࡏ
㊂ሶᖱႎࡈࠜ࠻࠾ࠢࠬ⎇ⓥಽ㊁
㒋ᄢ↥⎇࡮ർᄢ㔚ሶ⎇ࠕ࡜ࠗࠕࡦࠬ࡜ࡏ
∔ᖚ♧㎮ࠍਛᔃߣߒߚࠤࡒࠞ࡞ࡃࠗࠝࡠ
ࠫ࡯⎇ⓥಽ㊁
㒋ᄢ↥⎇࡮ℂ⎇ࠕ࡜ࠗࠕࡦࠬ࡜ࡏ
― 2 ―
࡮ᢎຬ⚵❱ 㧔ᐔᚑ㧞㧠ᐕ㧟᦬㧟㧝ᣣ⃻࿷㧕
╙ ⎇ⓥㇱ㐷㧔ᖱႎ࡮㊂ሶ⑼ቇ♽㧕 శ࡮㔚ሶ᧚ᢱ⎇ⓥಽ㊁ ᢎ᝼ Ꮏቇඳ჻ ᦺᣣ ৻
ಎᢎ᝼ Ꮏቇඳ჻ 㐳⼱Ꮉ❥ᒾ
ഥᢎ ℂቇඳ჻ ᳯ᧛ୃ৻ ഥᢎ ඳ჻㧔Ꮏቇ㧕 ๟ ㅺಫ
ඨዉ૕㊂ሶ⑼ቇ⎇ⓥಽ㊁ ᢎ᝼ Ꮏቇඳ჻ ᧻ᧄ๺ᒾ
ಎᢎ᝼ ℂቇඳ჻ ੗਄ᕡ৻
ಎᢎ᝼ ඳ჻㧔Ꮏቇ㧕 ೨ᯅ౗ਃ
ഥᢎ ඳ჻㧔Ꮏቇ㧕 ᄢ㊁ᕶ⑲
వㅴ㔚ሶ࠺ࡃࠗࠬ⎇ⓥಽ㊁ ᢎ᝼ ඳ჻㧔ℂቇ㧕 ┻⼱⚐৻
ಎᢎ᝼ ඳ჻㧔Ꮏቇ㧕 㗇⮮ቁ৻
ഥᢎ ඳ჻㧔Ꮏቇ㧕 ᬀ᧛㓉ᢥ
․છಎᢎ᝼㧔Ᏹൕ㧕 ඳ჻㧔ℂቇ㧕 ጟᧄᢅብ
․છഥᢎ㧔Ᏹൕ㧕 ඳ჻㧔ℂቇ㧕 ਃᵤ੗ⷫᒾ
ⶄว⍮⢻ࡔ࠺ࠖࠕ⎇ⓥಽ㊁ ᢎ᝼ ඳ჻㧔Ꮏቇ㧕 ౎ᧁᐽผ
ಎᢎ᝼ ඳ჻㧔Ꮏቇ㧕 ะᎹᐽඳ
ഥᢎ ඳ჻㧔Ꮏቇ㧕 ᭱ේ 㕏
ഥᢎ ඳ჻㧔Ꮏቇ㧕 ḩ਄⢒ਭ
․છ⻠Ꮷ㧔Ᏹൕ㧕 ඳ჻㧔Ꮏቇ㧕 ᧛᧻ᄢ๋
․છ⻠Ꮷ㧔Ᏹൕ㧕 ඳ჻㧔ᖱႎቇ㧕 ᵄㇱ ᢧ ․છഥᢎ㧔Ᏹൕ㧕ඳ჻㧔ାภᖱႎಣℂ㧕₺ ำ⑺
․છഥᢎ㧔Ᏹൕ㧕 ඳ჻㧔Ꮏቇ㧕 ⪇ ᤐ↢
․છഥᢎ㧔Ᏹൕ㧕 ඳ჻㧔Ꮏቇ㧕 ጊᷝᄢਂ
․છ⎇ⓥຬ㧔Ᏹൕ㧕 ඳ჻㧔ቇⴚ㧕/CPUWT#+
⍮⢻ផ⺰⎇ⓥಽ㊁ ᢎ᝼ Ꮏቇඳ჻ 㣐የ 㓉
ഥᢎ ඳ჻㧔Ꮏቇ㧕 ⁿญ᣿ඳ
ഥᢎ ඳ჻㧔Ꮏቇ㧕 ᷡ᳓᣽ᐔ
ഥᢎ ඳ჻㧔Ꮏቇ㧕 ᴡේศિ
⍮⼂ࠪࠬ࠹ࡓ⎇ⓥಽ㊁ ᢎ᝼ Ꮏቇඳ჻ Ḵญℂ৻㇢
ಎᢎ᝼ ඳ჻㧔Ꮏቇ㧕 ૼ᧛ᓼା
ಎᢎ᝼ ඳ჻㧔Ꮏቇ㧕 ฎፒᤩม
․છഥᢎ㧔Ᏹൕ㧕 ඳ჻㧔Ꮏቇ㧕 ╣᎑ቬᒾ
․છഥᢎ㧔Ᏹൕ㧕 ඳ჻㧔଻ஜቇ㧕 ࿖ᐭ⵨ሶ
․છഥᢎ㧔Ᏹൕ㧕 ඳ჻㧔ක⑼ቇ㧕 ጊ❐෹♿
⍮⢻ࠕ࡯ࠠ࠹ࠢ࠴ࡖ࡯⎇ⓥಽ㊁ ᢎ᝼ Ꮏቇඳ჻ ᴧየᱜⴕ
ಎᢎ᝼ ඳ჻㧔Ꮏቇ㧕 ᩙේ ⡡
ഥᢎ ඳ჻㧔Ꮏቇ㧕 ᫪ጊ↲৻
ഥᢎ ඳ჻㧔ᖱႎ⑼ቇ㧕⑔੗ஜ৻
╙㧞⎇ⓥㇱ㐷㧔᧚ᢱ࡮ࡆ࡯ࡓ⑼ቇ♽㧕
㊂ሶᯏ⢻᧚ᢱ⎇ⓥಽ㊁ ᢎ᝼ ℂቇඳ჻ ቟⮮㓁৻
ಎᢎ᝼ ඳ჻㧔ℂቇ㧕 ἑᎹ⠹ม
ഥᢎ ඳ჻㧔ℂቇ㧕 ૒‫ᧁޘ‬⡡
ഥᢎ 2J&㧔‛ℂቇ㧕6CUMKP#
․છഥᢎ㧔Ᏹൕ㧕 ඳ჻㧔‛ℂቇ㧕 -TKGPGT/9$
ඨዉ૕᧚ᢱ࡮ࡊࡠ࠮ࠬ⎇ⓥಽ㊁ ᢎ᝼ ℂቇඳ჻ ዊᨋ శ
― 3 ―
㊄ዻ᧚ᢱࡊࡠ࠮ࠬ⎇ⓥಽ㊁
ಎᢎ᝼
ഥᢎ ᢎ᝼ ಎᢎ᝼
ഥᢎ ℂቇඳ჻ ඳ჻㧔ℂቇ㧕
Ꮏቇඳ჻ ඳ჻㧔Ꮏቇ㧕
ඳ჻㧔Ꮏቇ㧕
㜟ᯅ᣽↵
᧻ᧄஜବ
ਛ᎑⧷㓶
ᄙᩮᱜ๺
੗ᚻᜏ຦
వ┵ታⵝ᧚ᢱ⎇ⓥಽ㊁ ᢎ᝼ Ꮏቇඳ჻ ⩲ᴧసᤘ
ഥᢎ ඳ჻㧔Ꮏቇ㧕 ੗਄㓷ඳ
․છഥᢎ㧔Ᏹൕ㧕 ඳ჻㧔Ꮏቇ㧕 ⩲ේ ᔀ
ബ⿠‛ᕈ⑼ቇ⎇ⓥಽ㊁ ᢎ᝼ Ꮏቇඳ჻ ⼱᧛సᏆ
ಎᢎ᝼ ℂቇඳ჻ ↰ਛᘕ৻㇢
ಎᢎ᝼ ඳ჻㧔ℂቇ㧕 ㊄㦮㗅৻
ഥᢎ ඳ჻㧔Ꮏቇ㧕 ᚑἑᑧᐽ
㊂ሶࡆ࡯ࡓ⊒↢⑼ቇ⎇ⓥಽ㊁ ᢎ᝼ ℂቇඳ჻ ⏷ጊᖗᦶ
ಎᢎ᝼ ඳ჻㧔ℂቇ㧕 ട⮮㦖ᅢ
ഥᢎ ඳ჻㧔ℂቇ㧕 Ꮉἑ໪ᖗ
ഥᢎ ඳ჻㧔ℂቇ㧕 ౉Ỉ᣿ౖ
㊂ሶࡆ࡯ࡓ‛⾰⑼ቇ⎇ⓥಽ㊁ ᢎ᝼ ඳ჻㧔Ꮏቇ㧕 ฎỈቁᒄ
ഥᢎ Ꮏቇඳ჻ ዊᨋ৻㓶
ഥᢎ ඳ჻㧔Ꮏቇ㧕 ጊᧄᵗើ
╙㧟⎇ⓥㇱ㐷㧔↢૕࡮ಽሶ⑼ቇ♽㧕
ബ⿠ಽሶൻቇ⎇ⓥಽ㊁ ᢎ᝼ Ꮏቇඳ჻ ⌀᎑ືᦶ
ಎᢎ᝼ ඳ჻㧔Ꮏቇ㧕 ⮮Ⴆ ቞
ಎᢎ᝼ ඳ჻㧔Ꮏቇ㧕 Ꮉ੗ᷡᒾ
ഥᢎ ඳ჻㧔ℂቇ㧕 ┙Ꮉ⾆჻
․છഥᢎ㧔Ᏹൕ㧕 ඳ჻㧔ℂቇ㧕 ፕ ᱜᰨ
ᯏ⢻‛⾰ൻቇ⎇ⓥಽ㊁ ᢎ᝼ Ꮏቇඳ჻ ╣੗ብ᣿
ಎᢎ᝼ ඳ჻㧔⮎ቇ㧕 ṚỈ ᔋ
ഥᢎ ℂቇඳ჻ ᏒේẢሶ
ഥᢎ ඳ჻㧔ℂቇ㧕 ┻ਛ๺ᶈ
♖ኒ೙ᓮൻቇ⎇ⓥಽ㊁ ᢎ᝼ ℂቇඳ჻ ਛ⼱๺ᒾ
ಎᢎ᝼ ඳ჻㧔Ꮏቇ㧕 ၴ㊁ਥ⒢
ഥᢎ ඳ჻㧔㨾㩒㩣㩁㩨㨺⑼ቇ㧕⪤ේᱜⷙ
ഥᢎ ඳ჻㧔ℂቇ㧕 ᱞ੗ผᕺ
․છഥᢎ㧔Ᏹൕ㧕 ඳ჻㧔Ꮏቇ㧕 ⑔Ẵጪ㓶
․છ⎇ⓥຬ㧔Ᏹൕ㧕 ඳ჻㧔↢๮⑼ቇ㧕᧛↰੝ᴕሶ
ක⮎ຠൻቇ⎇ⓥಽ㊁ ᢎ᝼ ℂቇඳ჻ ട⮮ୃ㓶
ಎᢎ᝼ ඳ჻㧔Ꮏቇ㧕 ᄢ␹↰ᷕሶ
ഥᢎ ℂቇ჻ ᣂ↰ ቃ
ഥᢎ ඳ჻㧔ℂቇ㧕 㐿⊔㇌ብ
ഥᢎ ℂቇඳ჻ ጊญବ㇢
↢૕⸅ᇦ⑼ቇ⎇ⓥಽ㊁ ᢎ᝼ ㄘቇඳ჻ ⼱Ỉసⴕ
ಎᢎ᝼ ඳ჻㧔ℂቇ㧕 ጟፉବ⧷ ഥᢎ ୃ჻㧔Ꮏቇ㧕 ┙᧻ஜม
ഥᢎ ඳ჻㧔ℂቇ㧕 ਛ੗ᔘᔒ
― 4 ―
↢૕ᖱႎ೙ᓮቇ⎇ⓥಽ㊁ ᢎ᝼ ⮎ቇඳ჻ ጊญ᣿ੱ
ಎᢎ᝼ ඳ჻㧔ℂቇ㧕 ⷏ Პ
ഥᢎ ඳ჻㧔ℂቇ㧕 ਛፉ⦟੺
․છഥᢎ㧔Ᏹൕ㧕 ඳ჻㧔ℂቇ㧕 ᰞ੗໪੺
․છ⎇ⓥຬ㧔Ᏹൕ㧕ඳ჻㧔කቇ㧕 ᧻ᧄ૫Ꮘ
↢૕ಽሶᯏ⢻⑼ቇ⎇ⓥಽ㊁ ᢎ᝼ ඳ჻㧔කቇ㧕 ᳗੗ஜᴦ
ಎᢎ᝼ ℂቇඳ჻ ๺↰ ᵗ
․છಎᢎ᝼㧔Ᏹൕ㧕ඳ჻㧔ℂቇ㧕 ᢧ⮮ஜᄥ
․છഥᢎ㧔Ᏹൕ㧕 ඳ჻㧔ℂቇ㧕 ਛ㊁㓷⵨
․છ⎇ⓥຬ㧔Ᏹൕ㧕ඳ჻㧔㩔㩨㨼㨿㩏㩓㩅㨼㨾㩧㩇㩔㩨㨼㨿㨼㩜㨺㩆㩨㩧㩂㩨㧕
6KYCTK &JGTOGPFTG-WOCT
․છ⎇ⓥຬ㧔Ᏹൕ㧕ඳ჻㧔↢ℂቇ㧕
2GTG\-QNFGPMQXC8CFKO
ᚲ㐳․છ⎇ⓥቶ ․છᢎ᝼㧔Ᏹൕ㧕 ℂቇඳ჻ Ꮉว⍮ੑ
․છഥᢎ㧔Ᏹൕ㧕 ඳ჻㧔ℂቇ㧕 ฎᯅආᐘ
․છഥᢎ㧔Ᏹൕ㧕 ඳ჻㧔Ꮏቇ㧕 ᧻ේ৻༑
․છഥᢎ㧔Ᏹൕ㧕 ඳ჻㧔ℂቇ㧕 ᄢၔᢘੱ
․છഥᢎ㧔Ᏹൕ㧕 ඳ჻㧔Ꮏቇ㧕 㦖ፒ ᄼ
․છ⎇ⓥຬ㧔Ᏹൕ㧕ඳ჻㧔5EKGPEG㧕*G;WJWK
․છ⎇ⓥຬ㧔Ᏹൕ㧕 ㄭ↰๺⟤
․છ⎇ⓥຬ㧔Ᏹൕ㧕 ᧛ጊߐߥ߃
․છ⎇ⓥຬ㧔Ᏹൕ㧕 Ꮉἑ᦮ઍ
․છ⎇ⓥຬ㧔Ᏹൕ㧕ୃ჻㧔Ꮏቇ㧕 ଻ᚻᵿජ⛗
․છ⎇ⓥຬ㧔Ᏹൕ㧕 ጊ↰㉿ᕺ
ᣂ↥ᬺഃᚑ⎇ⓥㇱ㐷
⍮⊛⽷↥⎇ⓥಽ㊁ ․છᢎ᝼㧔Ᏹൕ㧕
౗ඳ჻㧔Ꮏቇ㧕 ᷡ᳓⵨৻ ․೎ࡊࡠࠫࠚࠢ࠻⎇ⓥㇱ㐷
╙㧞ࡊࡠࠫࠚࠢ࠻⎇ⓥಽ㊁
㧔ᗵᨴ೙ᓮቇ⎇ⓥಽ㊁㧕 ಎᢎ᝼ ඳ჻㧔⮎ቇ㧕 ⷏㊁㇌ᒾ
․છഥᢎ㧔Ᏹൕ㧕 ඳ჻㧔⮎ቇ㧕 ⷏㊁⟤ㇺሶ
㧔ᭂᓸ᧚ᢱࡊࡠ࠮ࠬ⎇ⓥಽ㊁㧕 ಎᢎ᝼ 2J& ᩉ↰ ೰
․છഥᢎ㧔Ᏹൕ㧕 ඳ჻㧔Ꮏቇ㧕 㐳ፉ৻᮸
㧔㩈㩣㩥㨺㩇㩏㩓㩖㨱㨼㩔㩨㨺᧚ᢱ⎇ⓥಽ㊁㧕 ಎᢎ᝼ ඳ჻㧔ㄘቇ㧕 ⢻ᧁ㓷਽
․છ⎇ⓥຬ㧔Ᏹൕ㧕ඳ჻㧔ㄘቇ㧕 0IG6JK6JK
╙㧟ࡊࡠࠫࠚࠢ࠻⎇ⓥಽ㊁
㧔ࡆ࡯ࡓᔕ↪ࡈࡠࡦ࠹ࠖࠕ⎇ⓥಽ㊁㧕 ․છᢎ᝼㧔Ᏹൕ㧕 Ꮏቇඳ჻ ↰Ꮉ♖৻
ࠕ࡜ࠗࠕࡦࠬ࡜ࡏ 㔚ሶᖱႎࡈࠜ࠻࠾ࠢࠬ⎇ⓥಽ㊁ ᜗߳޿ᢎ᝼ ඳ჻㧔ℂቇ㧕 ┻ౝ❥᮸ 㧔ർᄢ㔚ሶ⎇ࠕ࡜ࠗࠕࡦࠬ࡜ࡏ 㧕᜗߳޿ᢎຬ ඳ჻㧔Ꮏቇ㧕 ᜗߳޿ᢎຬ ඳ჻㧔ℂቇ㧕 ∔ᖚ♧㎮ࠍਛᔃߣߒߚࠤࡒࠞ࡞ࡃࠗࠝࡠࠫ࡯ ᜗߳޿ᢎ᝼ ඳ჻㧔කቇ㧕 ⎇ⓥಽ㊁
㒋ᄢ↥⎇࡮ℂ⎇ࠕ࡜ࠗࠕࡦࠬ࡜ࡏ ᜗߳޿ಎᢎ᝼ ඳ჻㧔⮎ቇ㧕
᜗߳޿ᢎຬ ඳ჻㧔කቇ㧕 ᜗߳޿ᢎຬ ඳ჻㧔කቇ㧕 ― 5 ―
ጟᧄ ੫
⮮ේᱜẴ
⼱ญ⋥ਯ
ᄢဝ๺᣿
㜞 ฌ╉
ᤚ㊄ብᤘ
ᣍ࡬࠸ᩍဨ ༤ኈ㸦㎰Ꮫ㸧 㧗ᯇ┿஧
‫ڦ‬㝃ᒓ⏘ᴗ⛉Ꮫ㺣㺧㺡㺖㺧㺹㺚㺼㺎㺜㺻㺞㺎 ࢭࣥࢱ࣮㛗㸦ව㸧 Ᏻ⸽ⰾ㞝
ࢼࣀᶵ⬟ᮦᩱࢹࣂ࢖ࢫ◊✲ศ㔝 ᩍᤵ ༤ኈ㸦⌮Ꮫ㸧 ⏣୰⚽࿴
ຓᩍ ༤ኈ㸦⌮Ꮫ㸧 ⚄ྜྷ㍤ኵ
ຓᩍ ༤ኈ㸦⌮Ꮫ㸧 ᭹㒊 ᱻ
ຓᩍ ༤ኈ㸦⛉Ꮫ㸧 ⸨ཎᏹᖹ
ࢼࣀᶵ⬟㺪㺅㺪㺼㺶㺗㺎㺚㺌㺻◊✲ศ㔝 ᩍᤵ ᕤᏛ༤ኈ ྜྷ⏣㝧୍
෸ᩍᤵ ༤ኈ㸦⌮Ꮫ㸧 ᳿ 㔠ᓠ
ຓᩍ ಟኈ㸦⌮Ꮫ㸧 ㏆⸨Ꮥᩥ
≉௵ຓᩍ㸦ᖖ໅㸧 ༤ኈ㸦ᕤᏛ㸧 Ⳣ ᫭୍
≉௵◊✲ဨ㸦ᖖ໅㸧༤ኈ㸦⌮Ꮫ㸧 ἲ⃝බᐶ
ࢼࣀᵓ㐀࣭ᶵ⬟ホ౯◊✲ศ㔝 ᩍᤵ ᕤᏛ༤ኈ ➉⏣⢭἞
෸ᩍᤵ ༤ኈ㸦ᕤᏛ㸧 ▼୸ Ꮫ
ຓᩍ ༤ኈ㸦ᕤᏛ㸧 ྜྷ⏣⚽ே
ࢼࣀᶵ⬟ண ◊✲ศ㔝 ᩍᤵ ༤ኈ㸦⌮Ꮫ㸧 ᑠཱྀከ⨾ኵ
෸ᩍᤵ
ຓᩍ ࢯࣇࢺࢼࣀ࣐ࢸࣜ࢔ࣝ◊✲ศ㔝 ᩍᤵ ෸ᩍᤵ
ຓᩍ ຓᩍ ࣂ࢖࢜ࢼࣀࢸࢡࣀࣟࢪ࣮◊✲ศ㔝 ᩍᤵ ຓᩍ ຓᩍ ༤ኈ㸦ᕤᏛ㸧 ⓑ஭ග㞼
༤ኈ㸦⌮Ꮫ㸧 ᒣෆ㑥ᙪ
⌮Ꮫ༤ኈ Ᏻ⸽ⰾ㞝
༤ኈ㸦ᕤᏛ㸧 ᐙ ⿱㝯
༤ኈ㸦㎰Ꮫ㸧 ㎞ᕝ ㄔ
༤ኈ㸦ᕤᏛ㸧 ஧㇂┿ྖ
༤ኈ㸦⌮Ꮫ㸧 ㇂ཱྀṇ㍤
༤ኈ㸦⌮Ꮫ㸧 ⏣୰⿱⾜
༤ኈ㸦ᕤᏛ㸧 ⟄஭┿ᴋ
‫ڦ‬㝃ᒓ⥲ྜゎᯒࢭࣥࢱ࣮ ࢭࣥࢱ࣮㛗㸦ව㸧 Ⳣ἟ඞ᫛
෸ᩍᤵ ༤ኈ㸦⸆Ꮫ㸧 㕥ᮌ೺அ
ຓᩍ ༤ኈ㸦ᕤᏛ㸧 ࿘ ኱ᥭ
ຓᩍ ಟኈ㸦⌮Ꮫ㸧 ᮅ㔝ⰾ⧊
‫ڦ‬㝃ᒓ㔞Ꮚࣅ࣮࣒⛉Ꮫ◊✲᪋タ ◊✲᪋タ㛗ව☾ᒣᝅᮁ
෸ᩍᤵ ຓᩍ ‫ڦ‬㝃ᒓ⏘ᴗ⛉Ꮫ㐃ᦠᩍ⫱᥎㐍ࢭࣥࢱ࣮ ࢭࣥࢱ࣮㛗㸦ව㸧
‫ڦ‬㝃ᒓᅜ㝿ඹྠ◊✲ࢭࣥࢱ࣮ ࢭࣥࢱ࣮㛗㸦ව㸧
ᕤᏛ༤ኈ
ᕤᏛಟኈ
㄃⏣⩏ⱥ
⸨஌ᖾᏊ
Ᏻ⸽ⰾ㞝
Ⳣ἟ඞ᫛
‫⏘ڦ‬Ꮫ㐃ᦠᐊ ≉௵ᩍᤵ㸦ᖖ໅㸧 ༤ኈ㸦ᕤᏛ㸧 ΎỈ⿱୍ ࣭ᩍဨࡢᖺ㱋ᵓᡂ㸦ᖹᡂ ᖺ ᭶ ᪥⌧ᅾࠋ≉௵ᩍဨ㸦ᖖ໅㸧ࢆྵࡴࠋࡓࡔࡋࠊే௵ࠊව௵⪅ࡣ㝖ࡃࠋ㸧
ᩍ ᤵ
෸ᩍᤵ
― 6 ―
ຓ ᩍ
࡮ᢎຬߩ಴りᄢቇ㧔ᐔᚑ ᐕ ᦬ ᣣ⃻࿷‫․ޕ‬છᢎຬ㧔Ᏹൕ㧕ࠍ฽߻‫ޔߒߛߚޕ‬૬છ‫ޔ‬౗છ⠪ߪ㒰ߊ‫ޕ‬㧕
ᢎ ᝼
ಎᢎ᝼
ഥ ᢎ
⡯ຬో૕ߢߪ‫ޔ‬ᐔᚑ ᐕ ᦬ ᣣ⃻࿷ߢᢎຬ ฬ‫ޔ‬੐ോ⡯ຬ ฬ‫ޔ‬ᛛⴚ⡯ຬ ฬ෸߮㕖Ᏹൕ⡯ຬ
ฬࠍ฽ߺ‫ޔ‬ว⸘ ฬߢ޽ࠆ‫ోޕ‬⡯ຬߩ߁ߜᅚሶߪ ฬߢ޽ࠆ‫ޕ‬
࡮ᐔᚑ ᐕ ᦬ ᣣ߆ࠄᐔᚑ ᐕ ᦬ ᣣ߹ߢߩੱ੐⇣േ㧔Ᏹൕ㧕ߪᰴߩߣ߅ࠅߢ޽ࠆ‫ޕ‬
⇣േᣣ
⇣േ੐㗄
ណ↪
᣹છ
㈩⟎឵
ណ↪
᣹છ
ណ↪
ㅌ⡯
᳁ฬ╬
ഥᢎ㧔࠰ࡈ࠻࠽ࡁࡑ࠹࡝ࠕ࡞㧕
ᛛⴚ⡯ຬ
ᛛⴚ⡯ຬ
․છ੐ോ⡯ຬ㧔ඨዉ૕㊂ሶ⑼ቇ㧕
․છᛛⴚኾ㐷⡯ຬ㧔ᚲ㐳․છ⎇ⓥቶ㧕
ੑ⼱⌀ม
᧻ਅ㓶⾆
ฎᎹ๺ᒎ
ᩙየ⟤ᣧ
ዊ๺↰ᒄᨑ
Ᏹ⍹⍮↵㧔⎇ⓥផㅴㇱᄢဳᢎ⢒⎇ⓥࡊࡠࠫࠚࠢ࠻
⎇ⓥදജଥਥછ
ᡰេ੐ോቶኾ㐷⡯ຬ߳㧕
⽷ോଥਥછ
෻ᯅ㓶ੑ㧔ᄹ⦟ᢎ⢒ᄢቇળ⸘⺖ଥ㐳߳㧕
✚ോଥ㐳
ጊญẴ┨㧔✚ോㇱ⒁ᦠ⺖⒁ᦠଥਥછ߆ࠄ㧕
⎇ⓥㅪ៤⺖㐳
਄ᲚసᏈ㧔ᓸ↢‛∛⎇ⓥᚲ੐ോ㐳߳㧕
⎇ⓥㅪ៤⺖㐳
⷏ᴡඳ⟤㧔⽷ോㇱ็↰⺞㆐࠮ࡦ࠲࡯ቶ㐳߆ࠄ㧕
Ꮉᷝൎੳ㧔࿖㓙੤ᵹࠝࡈࠖࠬ࿖㓙੤ᵹ⺖࿖㓙੤ᵹ
✚ോଥ㐳
ડ↹ଥ㐳߳㧕
↰ਛఝሶ㧔කቇㇱ㒝ዻ∛㒮▤ℂ⺖↥ቇ⚻ℂଥਥછ
⎇ⓥදജଥਥછ
߆ࠄ㧕
↰ખ⵨৻㧔කቇㇱ㒝ዻ∛㒮✚ോ⺖ᐼോଥਥછ߆
⽷ോଥਥછ
ࠄ㧕
․છ⻠Ꮷ㧔Ᏹൕ㧕㧔ⶄว⍮⢻ࡔ࠺ࠖࠕ㧕
᧛᧻ᄢ๋
․છഥᢎ㧔Ᏹൕ㧕㧔వㅴ㔚ሶ࠺ࡃࠗࠬ㧕
ਃᵤ੗ⷫᒾ
․છഥᢎ㧔Ᏹൕ㧕㧔ⶄว⍮⢻ࡔ࠺ࠖࠕ㧕
ጊᷝᄢਂ
․છഥᢎ㧔Ᏹൕ㧕㧔㊂ሶᯏ⢻᧚ᢱ㧕
-4+'0'4/CTMWU9KNJGNO$GTPJCTF
․છഥᢎ㧔Ᏹൕ㧕㧔ബ⿠ಽሶൻቇ㧕
ፕᱜᰨ
․છ⎇ⓥຬ㧔Ᏹൕ㧕㧔ⶄว⍮⢻ࡔ࠺ࠖࠕ㧕 /#0574#N
․છ⎇ⓥຬ㧔Ᏹൕ㧕㧔వ┵ታⵝ᧚ᢱ㧕
0)'6JK6JK
․છ⎇ⓥຬ㧔Ᏹൕ㧕㧔ᚲ㐳․છ⎇ⓥቶ㧕
Ꮉἑ᦮ઍ
․છ⎇ⓥຬ㧔Ᏹൕ㧕㧔ᚲ㐳․છ⎇ⓥቶ㧕
ㄭ↰๺⟤
․છ⎇ⓥຬ㧔Ᏹൕ㧕㧔ᚲ㐳․છ⎇ⓥቶ㧕
଻ᚻᵿජ⛗
․છ⎇ⓥຬ㧔Ᏹൕ㧕㧔ᚲ㐳․છ⎇ⓥቶ㧕
᧛ጊߐߥ߃
․છ⎇ⓥຬ㧔Ᏹൕ㧕㧔ᚲ㐳․છ⎇ⓥቶ㧕
ጊ↰㉿⛗
ฎỈቁᒄ㧔࠽ࡁᭂ㒢ࡈࠔࡉ࡝ࠤ࡯࡚ࠪࡦಎᢎ᝼߆
ᢎ᝼㧔㊂ሶࡆ࡯ࡓ‛⾰⑼ቇ㧕
ࠄ㧕
ጊᧄᵗើ㧔╙㧟ࡊࡠࠫࠚࠢ࠻㧔ࡆ࡯ࡓᔕ↪ࡈࡠࡦ
ഥᢎ㧔㊂ሶࡆ࡯ࡓ‛⾰⑼ቇ㧕
࠹ࠖࠕ㧕․છഥᢎ㧔Ᏹൕ㧕߆ࠄ㧕
․છഥᢎ㧔Ᏹൕ㧕㧔ඨዉ૕᧚ᢱ࡮ࡊࡠ࠮ࠬ㧕 ㊄૓ᨩ㧔-+/9QQD[QWPI㧕
― 7 ―
ណ↪
ㅌ⡯
ㅌ⡯
᣹છ
㈩⟎឵߃
․છ੐ോ⡯ຬ㧔ඨዉ૕᧚ᢱ࡮ࡊࡠ࠮ࠬ㧕
⎇ⓥදജଥਥછ
․છഥᢎ㧔Ᏹൕ㧕㧔㊂ሶᯏ⢻᧚ᢱ㧕
․છഥᢎ㧔Ᏹൕ㧕㧔╙㧟ࡊࡠࠫࠚࠢ࠻㧔ࡆ
࡯ࡓᔕ↪ࡈࡠࡦ࠹ࠖࠕ㧕㧕
․છ⎇ⓥຬ㧔Ᏹൕ㧕㧔⍮⢻ࠕ࡯ࠠ࠹ࠢ࠴ࡖ㧕
ᢎ᝼㧔ࡃࠗࠝ࠽ࡁ࠹ࠢࡁࡠࠫ࡯㧕
⎇ⓥදജଥਥછ
ᄾ⚂ଥຬ
᣹છ
ណ↪
㈩⟎឵
ណ↪
ㅌ⡯
⽷ോଥຬ
ಎᢎ᝼㧔╙㧞ࡊࡠࠫࠚࠢ࠻㧔࠮࡞ࡠ࡯ࠬ࠽
ࡁࡈࠔࠗࡃ࡯᧚ᢱ㧕㧕
․છ⻠Ꮷ㧔Ᏹൕ㧕㧔ⶄว⍮⢻ࡔ࠺ࠖࠕ㧕
․છഥᢎ㧔Ᏹൕ㧕㧔࠽ࡁᭂ㒢ࡈࠔࡉ࡝ࠤ࡯
࡚ࠪࡦ㧕
․છ⎇ⓥຬ㧔Ᏹൕ㧕㧔╙㧞ࡊࡠࠫࠚࠢ࠻㧔࠮
࡞ࡠ࡯ࠬ࠽ࡁࡈࠔࠗࡃ࡯᧚ᢱ㧕㧕
․છഥᢎ
Ᏹൕ㧕㧔వ┵ታⵝ᧚ᢱ㧕
ഥᢎ㧔⍮⼂ࠪࠬ࠹ࡓ㧕
․છഥᢎ㧔Ᏹൕ㧕㧔㊂ሶ㩕㩨㨺㩛⊒↢⑼ቇ㧕
㤥㦮ජ㚅
↰ਛఝሶ
๺↰⹗ผ
᭑ᧄ ৻ਯ
.')#52+4QDGTVQ5GDCUVKCP
⼱ญᱜノ㧔ࡃࠗࠝ࠽ࡁ࠹ࠢࡁࡠࠫ࡯ഥᢎ߆ࠄ㧕
ᓾᧄ⟤⚓㧔කቇ♽⎇ⓥ⑼⎇ⓥᡰេቶ⎇ⓥㅪ៤ଥਥ
છ߆ࠄ㧕
૒⮮ᗲሶ㧔Ꮏቇ⎇ⓥ⑼⎇ⓥදജቶ⎇ⓥᡰេଥ߆
ࠄ㧕
ㄞ⌬ሶ㧔Ꮏቇ⎇ⓥ⑼⎇ⓥදജቶ⎇ⓥᡰេଥ߳㧕
⢻ᧁ㓷਽㧔వ┵ታⵝ᧚ᢱഥᢎ߆ࠄ㧕
ᵄㇱᢧ㧔ᄹ⦟వ┵⑼ቇᛛⴚᄢቇ㒮ᄢቇᖱႎ⑼ቇ⎇
ⓥ⑼ഥᢎ߆ࠄ㧕
⩲ᤩ৻
0)'6JK6JK㧔వ┵ታⵝ᧚ᢱ߆ࠄ㧕
⩲ේᔀ㧔Ꮏቇ⎇ⓥ⑼ ․છ⎇ⓥຬ߆ࠄ㧕
╣᎑ቬᒾ
౉Ỉ᣿ౖ
╴੗⌀ᬮ㧔ᚲ㐳․છ⎇ⓥቶ․છ⎇ⓥຬ㧔Ᏹൕ㧕߆
․છ⎇ⓥຬ㧔Ᏹൕ㧕㧔ᚲ㐳․છ⎇ⓥቶ߆ࠄ㧕
ࠄ㧕
᣹છ
ᢎ᝼㧔ࡃࠗࠝ࠽ࡁ࠹ࠢࡁࡠࠫ࡯㧕
᧻ᧄථ਽㧔ℂቇ⎇ⓥ⑼ᢎ᝼߳㧕
౉Ỉ᣿ౖ㧔㊂ሶ㩕㩨㨺㩛⊒↢⑼ቇ․છഥᢎ㧔Ᏹൕ㧕߆
ណ↪
ഥᢎ㧔㊂ሶ㩕㩨㨺㩛⊒↢⑼ቇ㧕
ࠄ
╴੗⌀ᬮ㧔ᚲ㐳․છ⎇ⓥቶ․છ⎇ⓥຬ㧔Ᏹൕ㧕߆
ഥᢎ㧔㩔㩨㨼㨿㩏㩓㩍㩂㩓㩥㩆㩨㨺㧕
ࠄ㧕
․છഥᢎ
Ᏹൕ㧕㧔⍮⼂ࠪࠬ࠹ࡓ㧕
╣᎑ቬᒾ
ㅌ⡯
․છ⎇ⓥຬ㧔Ᏹൕ㧕㧔↢૕ᖱႎ೙ᓮቇ㧕
ਭ㊁ ᖘ㧔ℂൻቇ⎇ⓥᚲ߳㧕
ណ↪
․છഥᢎ㧔Ᏹൕ㧕㧔ᚲ㐳․છ⎇ⓥቶ㧕
㦖ፒᄼ
ખ᧛㦖੺㧔ᄢ㒋ᐭ┙ᄢቇഥᢎ㧔࠹࠾ࡘࠕ࡮࠻࡜࠶
ㅌ⡯
ഥᢎ㧔㊄ዻ᧚ᢱࡊࡠ࠮ࠬ㧕
ࠢഥᢎ㧕߳㧕
ഥᢎ㧔ബ⿠‛ᕈ⑼ቇ㧕
Ⓑ⷗ᩕ৻㧔Ꮏቇ⎇ⓥ⑼․છഥᢎ㧔Ᏹൕ㧕߳㧕
ណ↪
ᢎ᝼㧔↢૕ಽሶᯏ⢻⑼ቇ㧕
᳗੗ஜᴦ㧔ർᶏ㆏ᄢቇ㔚ሶ⑼ቇ⎇ⓥᚲᢎ᝼߆ࠄ㧕
㥱⮮ஜᄥ㧔ർᶏ㆏ᄢቇ㔚ሶ⑼ቇ⎇ⓥᚲ․છಎᢎ᝼
․છಎᢎ᝼㧔Ᏹൕ㧕㧔↢૕ಽሶᯏ⢻⑼ቇ㧕
߆ࠄ㧕
ਛ㊁㓷⵨㧔ർᶏ㆏ᄢቇ㔚ሶ⑼ቇ⎇ⓥᚲ․છഥᢎ߆
․છഥᢎ㧔Ᏹൕ㧕㧔↢૕ಽሶᯏ⢻⑼ቇ㧕
ࠄ㧕
․છ⎇ⓥຬ㧔Ᏹൕ㧕㧔↢૕ಽሶᯏ⢻⑼ቇ㧕 6+9#4+&JGTOGPFTC-WOCT
․છ⎇ⓥຬ㧔Ᏹൕ㧕㧔↢૕ಽሶᯏ⢻⑼ቇ㧕 2'4'<-QNFGPMQXC8CFKO
ណ↪
․છ੐ോ⡯ຬ㧔⎇ⓥㅪ៤⺖㧕
᫪↰ోሶ
ቯᐕㅌ⡯ ᢎ᝼
శ࡮㔚ሶ᧚ᢱ㧕
ᦺᣣ৻
⎇ⓥදജଥ㐳
ᨰୖ㊀㓶
ᛛⴚቶ㐳
⍹ᯅᱞ
ᛛⴚኾ㐷⡯ຬ
⼱⇌౏ᤘ
ਛ᎑⧷㓶㧔⽷࿅ᴺੱ⧯⁜ḧࠛࡀ࡞ࠡ࡯⎇ⓥ࠮ࡦ࠲
ㅌ⡯
ᢎ᝼㧔㊄ዻ᧚ᢱࡊࡠ࠮ࠬ㧕
࡯⎇ⓥᚲ㐳߳㧕
੗਄㓷ඳ
⟲㚍ᄢቇవ┵⑼ቇ⎇ⓥᜰዉ⠪⢒ᚑ࡙࠾
ഥᢎ㧔వ┵ታⵝ᧚ᢱ㧕
࠶࠻⻠Ꮷ߳㧕
⪤ේᱜⷙ㧔ᒄ೨ᄢቇᄢቇ㒮ℂᎿቇ⎇ⓥ⑼ಎᢎ᝼
ഥᢎ㧔♖ኒ೙ᓮൻቇ㧕
߳㧕
․છ੐ോ⡯ຬ㧔⎇ⓥㅪ៤⺖⎇ⓥදജଥ㧕
቟㆐ᕀሶ
․଀བྷ⸤ᛛⴚ⡯ຬ㧔ᛛⴚቶ㧕
ⷺ৻㆏᣿
․છ⻠Ꮷ㧔Ᏹൕ㧕㧔ⶄว⍮⢻ࡔ࠺ࠖࠕ㧕
ᵄㇱᢧ
․છഥᢎ㧔Ᏹൕ㧕㧔వ┵ታⵝ᧚ᢱ㧕
⩲ේᔀ
― 8 ―
ㅌ⡯
․છ⎇ⓥຬ㧔Ᏹൕ㧕㧔ቴຬಎᢎ᝼㧕㧔↢૕
ᖱႎ೙ᓮቇ㧕
᧻ᧄ૫Ꮘ
․છഥᢎ㧔Ᏹൕ㧕㧔ᚲ㐳․છ⎇ⓥቶ㧕
᧻ේ৻༑㧔ᣂẟᄢቇᄢቇ㒮⥄ὼ⑼ቇ⎇ⓥ⑼․છഥ
ᢎ߳㧕
㧞㧕ㆇ༡
↥ᬺ⑼ቇ⎇ⓥᚲో⥸ߩ▤ℂㆇ༡ߪᚲ㐳߇ⴕߞߡ޿ࠆ‫ޕ‬ᚲ㐳ߪ‫ޔ‬ᒰ⎇ⓥᚲߩኾછᢎ᝼ߩਛ߆ࠄㆬ᜼ߦ
ࠃߞߡㆬ⠨ߐࠇࠆ‫ޕ‬ㆬ᜼ߪ╙৻ᰴㆬ᜼ߣ╙ੑᰴㆬ᜼߆ࠄߥࠅ‫ޔ‬ᒰ⎇ⓥᚲߩኾછᢎຬ‫ޔ‬੐ോ⡯ຬ෸߮ᛛ
ⴚ⡯ຬߦࠃࠆ╙৻ᰴㆬ᜼ߦ߅޿ߡ㧟ฬߩ୥⵬⠪߇ㆬ߫ࠇ‫ߩߘޔ‬ਛ߆ࠄ‫ޔ‬ኾછᢎ᝼‫ޔ‬੐ോㇱ㐳෸߮ᛛⴚ
ቶ㐳ߦࠃࠆ╙ੑᰴㆬ᜼ߦ߅޿ߡ㧝ฬߩᚲ㐳୥⵬⠪߇ㆬ߫ࠇࠆ‫ޔߪߦ⊛⚳ᦨޕ‬ᢎ᝼ળߦࠃߞߡᚲ㐳୥⵬
⠪߇᳿ቯߐࠇࠆ‫ޕ‬ᚲ㐳ߩછᦼߪ㧞ᐕߢ‫ޔ‬ౣછߪน⢻ߢ޽ࠆ߇‫ޔ‬ᒁ߈⛯߈㧠ᐕࠍ⿥߃ࠆߎߣߪߢ߈ߥ޿‫ޕ‬
ᐔᚑ ᐕ㧔㧕㧠᦬㧝ᣣ㨪ᐔᚑ ᐕ㧔㧕 ᦬ ᣣ߹ߢጊญ᣿ੱᢎ᝼߇ዞછߒߚ‫ޕ‬
↥ᬺ⑼ቇ⎇ⓥᚲߩᢎຬੱ੐‫ߩ╬▚੍ޔ‬㊀ⷐ੐㗄ߪ‫ޔ‬ᚲ㐳෸߮ኾછᢎ᝼ߢ⚵❱ߐࠇࠆᢎ᝼ળߦ߅޿ߡ
ክ⼏ߐࠇࠆ‫ޕ‬ᢎ᝼ળߩ⼏㐳ߦߪᚲ㐳߇ߥࠅ‫ޔ‬ㅢᏱᲤ᦬㧝࿁੍߼᳿߼ࠄࠇߚᣣᤨߦ㐿௅ߐࠇࠆ‫ޕ‬ᢎ᝼ᰳ
ຬಽ㊁߹ߚߪᢎ᝼ᰳᏨߩಽ㊁ߢߪ‫߼੍ޔ‬ᛚ⹺ߐࠇߡ޿ࠆᢎຬ߇ᢎ᝼ળߦઍℂ಴Ꮸߔࠆߎߣ߇ߢ߈ࠆ‫ ޕ‬
ߚߛߒ‫ޔ‬ክ⼏ߦടࠊࠆߎߣߪߢ߈ߥ޿‫ޕ‬
ฦ㒝ዻᣉ⸳ߦߪ‫ޔ‬౞Ṗߥㆇ༡ࠍ࿑ࠆߚ߼ߦ‫࡯࠲ࡦ࠮ޔ‬㐳෸߮ㆇ༡ᆔຬળ߇⟎߆ࠇߡ޿ࠆ‫ޕ‬ᗧ⷗ߩ㓸
⚂ߣવ㆐╬ߩ౞Ṗൻࠍ࿑ࠆߚ߼ߦ‫ޔ‬
㧟⎇ⓥㇱ㐷ߣ㒝ዻ࠽ࡁ࠹ࠢࡁࡠࠫ࡯࠮ࡦ࠲࡯ߩ ㇱ㐷ߣߒߡ޿ࠆ‫ޕ‬
╙㧝⎇ⓥㇱ㐷㧔ᖱႎ࡮㊂ሶ⑼ቇ♽㧕
╙ ⎇ⓥㇱ㐷㧔᧚ᢱ࡮ࡆ࡯ࡓ⑼ቇ♽㧕
╙ ⎇ⓥㇱ㐷㧔↢૕࡮ಽሶ⑼ቇ♽㧕
㒝ዻ↥ᬺ⑼ቇ࠽ࡁ࠹ࠢࡁࡠࠫ࡯࠮ࡦ࠲࡯
㒝ዻ✚ว⸃ᨆ࠮ࡦ࠲࡯
㒝ዻ㊂ሶࡆ࡯ࡓ⑼ቇ⎇ⓥᣉ⸳
㒝ዻ↥ᬺ⑼ቇㅪ៤ᢎ⢒ផㅴ࠮ࡦ࠲࡯
㒝ዻ࿖㓙౒ห⎇ⓥ࠮ࡦ࠲࡯
ߘߩઁ‫ޔ‬ᚲౝߦߪ‫ⷙޔ‬⒟߹ߚߪ↳ߒวࠊߖߦᓥߞߡ⒳‫ߩޘ‬ᆔຬળ߇⸳⟎ߐࠇߡᵴേߒߡ޿ࠆ‫ߩߘޕ‬
ਛߢਥߥ߽ߩߪ‫ޔ‬એਅߩߣ߅ࠅߢ޽ࠆ‫ޕ‬㧔 㧕ౝߪ‫ޔ‬ฦᆔຬળߩ᭴ᚑࠍ␜ߔ‫ޕ‬
ᓎຬળ㧔ᚲ㐳‫ޔ‬೽ᚲ㐳㧔㒝ዻ↥ᬺ⑼ቇ㩏㩓㩍㩂㩓㩥㩆㩨㨺㩈㩧㩊㨺㐳ࠍ฽߻㧕‫ޔ‬੐ോㇱ㐳‫ޔ‬ᚲ㐳⵬૒㧕
ㆇ༡ද⼏ળ㧔ᚲ㐳‫ޔ‬೽ᚲ㐳㧔㒝ዻ↥ᬺ⑼ቇ㩏㩓㩍㩂㩓㩥㩆㩨㨺㩈㩧㩊㨺㐳ࠍ฽߻㧕‫ޔ‬ቇᄖߩቇ⼂⚻㛎⠪ߥߤ㧕
⹏ଔᆔຬળ㧔ᚲ㐳‫✚ޔ‬ോ࡮ഭോᜂᒰߩᓎຬળ᭴ᚑຬ‫ޔ‬㒝ዻ↥ᬺ⑼ቇ㩏㩓㩍㩂㩓㩥㩆㩨㨺㩈㩧㩊㨺㐳‫ޔ‬ฦ⎇ⓥㇱ
㐷࡮࠽ࡁ࠹ࠢ࠮ࡦ࠲࡯߆ࠄᢎ᝼‫ޔ‬੐ോㇱ㐳㧕
⎇ⓥડ↹ᆔຬળ㧔ᚲ㐳‫⎇ޔ‬ⓥផㅴ࡮ડ↹ᜂᒰߩᓎຬળ᭴ᚑຬ‫ޔ‬ฦ⎇ⓥㇱ㐷࡮࠽ࡁ࠹ࠢ࠮ࡦ࠲࡯ᢎ
᝼‫ޔ‬੐ോㇱ㐳ઁ㧕
࿖㓙੤ᵹផㅴᆔຬળ㧔ᚲ㐳‫ޔ‬೽ᚲ㐳㧔㒝ዻ↥ᬺ⑼ቇ㩏㩓㩍㩂㩓㩥㩆㩨㨺㩈㩧㩊㨺㐳ࠍ฽߻㧕㧕
⽷ോᆔຬળ㧔ᚲ㐳‫⽷ޔ‬ോ࡮ᣉ⸳ᜂᒰߩᓎຬળ᭴ᚑຬ‫ޔ‬㒝ዻ⎇ⓥᣉ⸳㐳‫౒ޔ‬ㅢᣉ⸳ㆇ༡ᆔຬળᆔຬ
㐳‫ޔ‬ฦ⎇ⓥㇱ㐷࡮࠽ࡁ࠹ࠢ࠮ࡦ࠲࡯ᢎ᝼‫ޔ‬੐ോㇱ㐳ઁ㧕
ᣉ⸳ᆔຬળ㧔ᚲ㐳‫⽷ޔ‬ോ࡮ᣉ⸳ᜂᒰߩᓎຬળ᭴ᚑຬ‫ޔ‬ቇౝᣉ⸳ࡑࡀࠫࡔࡦ࠻ᆔຬળᆔຬ‫ޔ‬㒝ዻ⎇
ⓥᣉ⸳㐳‫౒ޔ‬ㅢᣉ⸳ㆇ༡ᆔຬળᆔຬ㐳‫⎇ޔ‬ⓥㇱ㐷࡮࠽ࡁ࠹ࠢ࠮ࡦ࠲࡯ᢎ᝼‫ޔ‬੐ോㇱ㐳ઁ㧕
― 9 ―
ᐢႎᆔຬળ㧔ᢎ⢒ㅪ៤࡮ᐢႎᜂᒰߩᓎຬળ᭴ᚑຬ‫ޔ‬ฦ⎇ⓥㇱ㐷࡮࠽ࡁ࠹ࠢ࠮ࡦ࠲࡯ᢎ᝼ઁ㧕
ᖱႎࡀ࠶࠻ࡢ࡯ࠢቶㆇ༡ᆔຬળ㧔ᢎ⢒ㅪ៤࡮ᐢႎᜂᒰߩᓎຬળ᭴ᚑຬ‫ޔ‬ᖱႎࡀ࠶࠻ࡢ࡯ࠢቶ㐳‫ޔ‬
ฦ⎇ⓥㇱ㐷࡮࠽ࡁ࠹ࠢ࠮ࡦ࠲࡯ᢎ᝼‫ޔ‬ᛛⴚቶ㐳‫ޔ‬੐ോㇱ㐳ઁ㧕
ᢎຬߩᰳຬ߇↢ߓߚ႐วߦߪ‫ޔ‬ㆬ⠨ᆔຬળ߇⸳⟎ߐࠇ‫ޔ‬ᓟછ୥⵬⠪ߩㆬ⠨߇ⴕࠊࠇࠆ‫ޔߦ․ޕ‬ᢎ᝼
߇ᰳຬߦߥߞߚ႐วߦߪ‫⎇ޔ‬ⓥಽ㊁ᬌ⸛ᆔຬળ߇⸳⟎ߐࠇ‫ޔ‬ᒰ⹥⎇ⓥಽ㊁ߩ⎇ⓥౝኈ‫ޔ‬዁᧪ߩᣇะ╬
ߦߟ޿ߡᬌ⸛ߐࠇࠆ‫ޕ‬ᢎ᝼ㆬ⠨ᆔຬળߪ‫⎇ޔ‬ⓥಽ㊁ᬌ⸛߇⚳ੌߒߚᓟߦ⸳⟎ߐࠇࠆ‫⎇ޕ‬ⓥಽ㊁ᬌ⸛ᆔ
ຬળߪ‫ޔ‬ᒰ⹥⎇ⓥㇱ㐷ߩోᢎ᝼ߣߘߩઁߩ⎇ⓥㇱ㐷╬߆ࠄㆬ಴ߐࠇߚᢎ᝼ฦ㧝ฬߢ᭴ᚑߐࠇࠆ‫ޕ‬ᢎ᝼
ㆬ⠨ᆔຬળߪ‫ޔ‬ᒰ⹥⎇ⓥㇱ㐷ߩోᢎ᝼ߣߘߩઁߩ⎇ⓥㇱ㐷ߩᢎ᝼ฦ㧝ฬߥߤߢ᭴ᚑߐࠇࠆ‫ޕ‬
ᒰ⎇ⓥᚲߢߪቇౝߩઁㇱዪߩᢎ᝼ߣ౒ห⎇ⓥࠍⴕ߁ߚ߼ߦ౗છᢎ᝼೙ᐲࠍណ↪ߒߡ޿ࠆ‫ޕ‬ᐔᚑ ᐕᐲߪቇౝ߆ࠄ ฬߩᢎຬ㧔ᄚ↰ඳ৻ᢎ᝼㧔ၮ␆Ꮏቇ⎇ⓥ⑼㧕‫⷏ޔ‬᎑⨃ብᢎ᝼㧔Ꮏቇ⎇ⓥ⑼㧕
‫ޔ‬ᏒᎹ⡡
㧕ࠍ౗છᢎ᝼ߦછ↪ߒߚ‫ޕ‬
․છಎᢎ᝼
Ᏹൕ㧔࠽ࡁࠨࠗࠛࡦࠬ࠺ࠩࠗࡦᢎ⢒⎇ⓥ࠮ࡦ࠲࡯㧕
㧟㧕⎇ⓥ⾌
ᒰ⎇ⓥᚲߩਥߥ⚻⾌ߪ‫ޔ‬ㆇ༡⾌੤ઃ㊄‫⑼ޔ‬ቇ⎇ⓥ⾌⵬ഥ㊄‫ޔ‬ᅑቇነ㒝㊄╬ߢ޽ࠆ‫⎇ࠄࠇߘޕ‬ⓥ⾌ߩ
ᐔᚑ ᐕ߆ࠄ㧟ᐕ㑆ߩផ⒖ߪᰴ㗁ߩߣ߅ࠅߢ޽ࠆ‫ޕ‬
ੱઙ⾌
‛ઙ⾌
ᣉ⸳⾌╬
⑼ቇ⎇ⓥ⾌⵬ഥ㊄
ᅑቇነ㒝㊄
౒ห⎇ⓥ
ฃ⸤⎇ⓥ
ߘߩઁ
ᐕᐲ
ᐕᐲ
ᐕᐲ
න૏㧦⊖ਁ౞
࡮੍▚㧔ᐔᚑ 㨪 ᐕᐲ㧕 㧔න૏㧦ජ౞㧕
㧞㧝ᐕᐲ
ㆇ༡⾌੤ઃ㊄ ੱઙ⾌ 㧞㧞ᐕᐲ
㧞㧟ᐕᐲ
ᣉ⸳⾌╬
⑼ቇ⎇ⓥ⾌⵬ഥ㊄㧔ઙᢙ㧕
ᅑቇነ㒝㊄㧔ઙᢙ㧕
౒ห⎇ⓥ 㧔ઙᢙ㧕
ฃ⸤⎇ⓥ 㧔ઙᢙ㧕
㧔ᩞ ⾌㧕
‛ઙ⾌
ߘߩઁ㧔ઙᢙ㧕
ว ⸘
㧕
㧔ᵈ㧕࡮⑼ቇ⎇ⓥ⾌⵬ഥ㊄ߦߟ޿ߡߪ‫⎇ޔ‬ⓥಽᜂ⠪ߣߒߡ㈩ಽߐࠇߚ߽ߩߪ㒰ߊ‫ޕ‬
࡮౒ㅢ⚻⾌ߪ㒰ߊ
― 10 ―
࡮ᅑቇነ㒝㊄╬
ᅑቇነ㒝㊄‫౒ޔ‬ห⎇ⓥ‫ޔ‬ฃ⸤⎇ⓥߦߟ޿ߡߪ੍߼↳ߒㄟ߹ࠇߚౝኈߦߟ޿ߡ‫ޔ‬ᚲౝߩ↥ቇቭㅪ៤
໧㗴ᆔຬળߦ߅޿ߡክᩏߒߚ߁߃ߢฃߌ౉ࠇ߇᳿ቯߐࠇ‫✚ޔ‬㐳㧔ోቇ↥ቇቭㅪ៤໧㗴ᆔຬળ㧕ߦႎ
๔ߐࠇࠆ‫ޕ‬ᐔᚑ ᐕᐲߦฃߌ౉ࠇࠄࠇߚᅑቇነ㒝㊄ߪᰴߩߣ߅ࠅߢ޽ࠆ‫ޕ‬
ᐔᚑ ᐕᐲ ╙ ⎇ⓥㇱ㐷
╙ ╙ 㩏㩓㩍㩂㩓㩥㩆㩨㨺
․೎㩖㩩㩥㩆㩨㨴
⎇ⓥㇱ㐷
⎇ⓥㇱ㐷
㩈㩧㩊㨺
㩂㩎⎇ⓥㇱ㐷
ߘߩઁ
ว⸘
㧔㧕
㧔㧕
㧔㧕
㧔㧕
㧔㧕
㧔㧕
㧔㧕
න૏㧦ජ౞ 㧔 㧕ౝߪઙᢙ
㧠㧕࿖㓙⎇ⓥࡊࡠࠫࠚࠢ࠻
ᒰ⎇ⓥᚲ߇ᐔᚑ ᐕᐲߦታᣉߒߚ࿖㓙౒ห⎇ⓥߪᰴߩߣ߅ࠅߢ޽ࠆ‫ޕ‬
⎇ⓥಽ㊁
⋧ᚻᯏ㑐
࿖ ฬ
ౝ ኈ
వㅴ㔚ሶ࠺ࡃࠗ
ࠤࡦࡉ࡝࠶ࠫᄢቇ
ࠗࠡ࡝ࠬ ᦭ᯏඨዉ૕ߩࠠࡖ࡝ࠕવዉᯏ᭴ߩ⸃᣿
ࠬ
ർ੩ᄢቇ
ⶄว⍮⢻ࡔ࠺ࠖ
ࡑࠨ࠴ࡘ࡯࠮࠶࠷Ꮏ⑼ᄢቇ
ࠕ
ࡑࠗࠢࡠ࠰ࡈ࠻࡝ࠨ࡯࠴ࠕࠫࠕ
ਛ࿖
ࠦࡦࡇࡘ࡯࠲ࡆ࡚ࠫࡦ
ࠕࡔ࡝ࠞ
ࠦࡦࡇࡘ࡯࠲ࡆ࡚ࠫࡦ
ਛ࿖
ࠦࡦࡇࡘ࡯࠲ࡆ࡚ࠫࡦ
ࠝ࡯ࠬ࠻࡜
઒ᗐ⊛⾰㊂ߦၮߠߊ࠺࡯࠲ኒᐲផቯ
࡝ࠕ
ࡈ ࠖ ࡦ ࡜ ࡦ ᷹ⷰ࠺࡯࠲ᢙࠃࠅ߽ᄙߊߩᄌᢙࠍᜬߟ࠺࡯
ࡋ࡞ࠪࡦࠠᄢቇ
࠼
࠲߆ࠄߩᄖ↢ᄌᢙߩផቯ
'7
ࠗ ࠲ ࡝
ࠝࡦ࠻ࡠࠫ࡯ᔕ↪⎇ⓥᚲ㧔ࠗ࠲࡝ࠕ
ࠕ 㧘 ࠝ ࡜ ࡦ '7ࡑ࡝ࠕࠠࡘ࡯࡝࡯‫'ޟ‬W,QKPV‫ࠢࠚࠫࡠࡊޠ‬
+56%%04㧕㧘࠺࡞ࡈ࠻Ꮏ⑼ᄢቇ㧔ࠝ
࠳㧘ࡐ࡯࡜ࡦ ࠻
࡜ࡦ࠳㧕ߥߤ
࠼㧕
ࡕ࠽ࠪࡘᄢቇ
⍮⢻ផ⺰
⍮⼂ࠪࠬ࠹ࡓ
⍮⢻ࠕ࡯ࠠ࠹ࠢ
࠺࡮࡜࡮ࠨ࡯࡞ᄢቇ
ࡈࠖ࡝ࡇࡦ ౒ᗵ⸘▚
࠴ࡖ
㊂ሶᯏ⢻᧚ᢱ⎇
ࠞ࡝ࡈࠜ࡞࠾ࠕᄢቇࠨࡦ࠺ࠖࠛࠧᩞ ࠕࡔ࡝ࠞ ࠻ࡐࡠࠫࠞ࡞⛘✼૕ߩశቇ⊛⎇ⓥ
ⓥಽ㊁
ඨዉ૕࠺ࡃࠗࠬߩૐ᷷ࡊࡠ࠮ࠬߩ㐿⊒ߣಽ
ࠬࡠࡃࠠࠕ
ඨዉ૕᧚ᢱ࡮ࡊࡠ ࠬࡠࡃࠠࠕ⑼ቇࠕࠞ࠺ࡒ࡯
శቇ⊛‫ޔ‬㔚᳇⊛᷹ⷰ
࠮ࠬ
ౝ⫥ฎᏧ▸ᄢቇ
ਛ࿖
⎣㉄㉄ൻᴺߩ㐿⊒
㊄ ዻ ᧚ ᢱ ࡊ ࡠ ࠮ ੳ⩄ᄢቑᩞ
ࠬ
ࠬ࠲ࡦࡈࠜ࡯࠼ᄢቇ
㖧࿖
৻ᣇะᕈ᳇ሹࠍ᦭ߔࠆࡐ࡯࡜ࠬ㊄ዻ㑆ൻว
‛ߦ㑐ߔࠆ౒ห⎇ⓥ
ࠕࡔ࡝ࠞ
ࡠ࡯࠲ࠬ㊄ዻߩ㔚ᾲ․ᕈߦ㑐ߔࠆ⎇ⓥ
ബ⿠‛ᕈ⑼ቇ
ࠗࠡ࡝ࠬ
ബ⿠⴫㕙⑼ቇ
࠲ࠗ
᡼኿శశḮടㅦེࠪࠬ࠹ࡓߩ㜞ᐲൻ
ࡠࡦ࠼ࡦᄢቇ
㊂ሶࡆ࡯ࡓ⊒↢
᡼኿శ⎇ⓥᚲ
⑼ቇ
♖ኒ೙ᓮൻቇ
ක⮎ຠൻቇ
ࠪࡦࠟࡐ࡯
ࡋࠕࡇࡦࡊ࡜ࠗࡑ࡯ᴺߦࠃࠆ࠙ࠗ࡞ࠬᬌ಴
࡞
/CZ 2NCPEM 5QEKGV[ %JGOKECN
᦭ᯏૐಽሶൻว‛ߦࠃࠆߚࠎ߬ߊ
࠼ࠗ࠷
)GPQOKEU%GPVTG
⾰ߩᯏ⢻೙ᓮ
࿖┙ࠪࡦࠟࡐ࡯࡞ᄢቇ
― 11 ―
ක⮎ຠൻቇ
ධࡈࡠ࡝࠳ᄢቇ
ࠕࡔ࡝ࠞ
ࠣࠕ࠾ࠫࡦ฽᦭ࡊ࡟࠾࡞ォ⒖㉂⚛㒖ኂ೷ߩ
⚦⢩ᵴᕈ⹏ଔ
ⅣႺࠪࠣ࠽࡞ߦࠃࠆࠨ࡞ࡕࡀ࡜⮎೷⠴ᕈ⺃
ዉߣ 4CO ೙ᓮ࿃ሶߩ⸃ᨆ
ⅣႺࠪࠣ࠽࡞ߦࠃࠆࠨ࡞ࡕࡀ࡜⮎೷⠴ᕈ⺃
ዉߣ 4CO ೙ᓮ࿃ሶߩ⸃ᨆ
ࠨ࡞ࡕࡀ࡜ᄙ೷ឃ಴ࡐࡦࡊߦࠃࠆࠝࡏ࠻࡜
ࡦࠬࡈࠚ࡝ࡦ↱᧪᛫⩶ࡍࡊ࠴࠼⠴ᕈᯏ᭴ߩ
⸃᣿
↢૕ᖱႎ೙ᓮቇ ࡈ࡜ࡦࠬ࿖┙ㄘቇ⎇ⓥᚲ
ࡈ࡜ࡦࠬ
ࡈ࡜ࡦࠬ࿖┙ㄘᬺ⎇ⓥᚲ
ࡈ࡜ࡦࠬ
ࠥࡦ࠻ᄢቇ
ࡌ࡞ࠡ࡯
㚅᷼ᄢቇ
㚅᷼
ᄙ೷ឃ಴࠽ࡁ࠺ࡃࠗࠬᣂⷙ೙ᓮᴺߩ㐿⊒
ࡂࡁ࡯ࡃ࡯ᄢቇ㘩ຠ቟ో⎇ⓥᚲ
࠼ࠗ࠷ ࠻࡝ࠢࡠ㉄⠴ᕈ࿃ሶߩ⸃ᨆ
ࠗ࠲࡝ࠕ
㉄ൻ‛ /'/5
ࠗࡦ࠼
㉄ൻ‛࠽ࡁࠬࡇࡦ࠻ࡠ࠾ࠢࠬ
ᗵᨴ೙ᓮቇ
࠽ ࡁ ᯏ ⢻ ᧚ ᢱ ࠺ ࠗ࠲࡝ࠕቇⴚ⎇ⓥળ⼏
ࡃࠗࠬ
ࠗࡦ࠼⑼ቇࠕࠞ࠺ࡒ࡯
ࡈ࡜ࡦࠬ࿖┙⑼ቇ⎇ⓥ࠮ࡦ࠲࡯
࠽ ࡁ ᭂ 㒢 ࡈ ࠔ ࡉ ࡉ࡞࠶ࠢࡋࡉࡦ࿖┙⎇ⓥᚲ
࡝ࠤ࡯࡚ࠪࡦ
♖⪇ᄢቇ
ࡈ࡜ࡦࠬ
ࠕࡔ࡝ࠞ
ࡈࠚࡓ࠻⑽ࡄ࡞ࠬ࡜ࠫࠝ࡝ࠪࠬࠍ↪޿ߚ᡼
኿✢ൻቇೋᦼㆊ⒟ߩ⎇ⓥ
ࡈࠚࡓ࠻⑽ࡄ࡞ࠬ࡜ࠫࠝ࡝ࠪࠬࠍ↪޿ߚ౒
ᓎಽሶਛߩ㔚ሶ⒖േ
ਛ࿖
4( ࠟࡦߩ㔚ሶ✢࿁᛬ߣ㔚ሶ㗼ᓸ㏜ߩᔕ↪
ਛ࿖⑼ቇ㒮਄ᶏ䬗↪‛ℂ⎇ⓥᚲ
ਛ࿖
ᣂဳ 4( ࠟࡦߩ㐿⊒
࡙࠻࡟ࡅ࠻ᄢቇ
ࠝ࡜ࡦ࠳
㊄࠽ࡁࡠ࠶࠼ߩ᳇૕ਛߦ߅ߌࠆᒻ⁁ᄌൻ
࠽ࡁ᭴ㅧ࡮ᯏ⢻⹏
ࡠ࡯࡟ࡦࠬ࡮ࡃ࡯ࠢ࡟࡯࿖┙⎇ⓥᚲ ࠕࡔ࡝ࠞ
ଔ
ࠛࡈࠗ࡯ࠕࠗ␠
ࠕࡔ࡝ࠞ
㊄ዻ㉄ൻ‛ߦᜂᜬߐࠇߚ㊄࠽ࡁ☸ሶߩ㜞ಽ
⸃⢻ 6'/ ⷰኤ
㜞ಽ⸃⢻ⅣႺ೙ᓮဳㅘㆊ㔚ሶ㗼ᓸ㏜ߩ㐿⊒
㧡㧕ቇⴚ⻠Ṷળ࡮⎇ⓥ㓸ળ࡮⎇ⓥᚲ㑆੤ᵹࡊࡠࠣ࡜ࡓ
ᒰ⎇ⓥᚲ߇ᐔᚑ ᐕᐲߦ߅޿ߡታᣉߒߚ⎇ⓥᚲ㑆੤ᵹ߅ࠃ߮ਥ௅߹ߚߪ౒௅ߣߒߡታᣉߒߚቇⴚ
⻠Ṷળ࡮⎇ⓥ㓸ળߪᰴߩߣ߅ࠅߢ޽ࠆ‫ޕ‬
㐿௅ᦼ㑆
࠹࡯ࡑฬ╬
㨪 ᖱႎಣℂቇળࠦࡦࡇࡘ࡯࠲ࡆ࡚ࠫࡦߣࠗࡔ࡯ࠫࡔ࠺ࠖࠕ⎇ⓥળ
ࡊ࡝ࡦ࠹࠶࠼࡮ࠛ࡟ࠢ࠻ࡠ࠾ࠢࠬ⎇ⓥળ
㨪 ࠕࠫࠕࠦࡦࡇࡘ࠹࡯࡚ࠪ࠽࡞࡮ࡑ࠹࡝ࠕ࡞࠭࡮࠺ࠩࠗࡦࡢ࡯࡚ࠢࠪ࠶ࡊ
㨪 ╙ ࿁ᣣᧄశකቇ࡮శ↢‛ቇળ
╙ ࿁㊂ሶࡆ࡯ࡓ⑼ቇ⎇ⓥᣉ⸳⎇ⓥળ
㨪
╙㧝㧥࿁ࠦࡦࡇࡘ࠹࡯࡚ࠪ࠽࡞࡮ࡑ࠹࡝ࠕ࡞࠭࡮࠺ࠩࠗࡦࡢ࡯࡚ࠢࠪ࠶ࡊ
ࡊ࡝ࡦ࠹࠶࠼࡮ࠛ࡟ࠢ࠻ࡠ࠾ࠢࠬ⎇ⓥળ
$TCKPUVQTOKPI9QTMUJQRQP%JGOKUVT[CPF2J[UKEUQH1TICPKE5GOKEQPFWEVQTU
㨪 ╙ ࿁᡼኿✢ൻቇ⸛⺰ળ
㨪 +PVGTPCVKQPCN9QTMUJQRQP3WCPVWO0CPQUVTWEVWTGUCPF0CPQGNGEVTQPKEU
⚦⩶ᄙ೷⠴ᕈൻߣ∛ේᕈ⊒⃻ߦ㑐ߔࠆ࠮ࡒ࠽࡯
㨪 ࡈ࡜ࡦࠬ࿖┙ㄘᬺ⎇ⓥᚲ࡮↥⎇วหળ⼏
ࡊ࡝ࡦ࠹࠶࠼࡮ࠛ࡟ࠢ࠻ࡠ࠾ࠢࠬ⎇ⓥળ
㨪╙ ࿁㒋ᄢ࠽ࡁࠨࠗࠛࡦࠬ࡮࠽ࡁ࠹ࠢࡁࡠࠫ࡯࿖㓙ࠪࡦࡐࠫ࠙ࡓ
ᄢ㒋ᄢቇ↥ᬺ⑼ቇ⎇ⓥᚲ╙ ࿁ቇⴚ⻠Ṷળ
㨪
/45(CNN/GGVKPI5WORQUKWO
㨪 ╙ ࿁↢๮ൻቇ⎇ⓥળ
╙ ࿁㊂ሶࡆ࡯ࡓ⑼ቇ⎇ⓥᣉ⸳⎇ⓥળ
― 12 ―
㨪
㨪
╙ ࿁ #(%8 ࿖㓙ࡢ࡯࡚ࠢࠪ࠶ࡊ
╙ ࿁↥⎇࿖㓙ࠪࡦࡐࠫ࠙ࡓ㧛╙ ࿁↥⎇࠽ࡁ࠹ࠢࡁࡠࠫ࡯࠮ࡦ࠲࡯࿖㓙ࠪࡦࡐࠫ࠙ࡓ
‫ޟ‬ㅴൻ⺰ࠕ࡞ࠧ࡝࠭ࡓߩ‛⾰ត⚝߳ߩᔕ↪‫⎇ޠ‬ⓥળ
᳓⚛ߩ‛ℂࡢ࡯࡚ࠢࠪ࠶ࡊ
ࡊ࡝ࡦ࠹࠶࠼࡮ࠛ࡟ࠢ࠻ࡠ࠾ࠢࠬ⎇ⓥળ
ᢥㇱ⑼ቇ⋭⑼ቇ⎇ⓥ⾌⵬ഥ㊄ ᣂቇⴚ㗔ၞ ಽሶ࠽ࡁࠪࠬ࠹ࡓߩഃ⊒ൻቇ╙ ࿁౏㐿ࠪࡦࡐࠫ
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ᐔᚑ ᐕᐲ‛⾰࡮࠺ࡃࠗࠬ౒ห⎇ⓥ᜚ὐ౒ห⎇ⓥ ․ቯ⎇ⓥ=#?ࡢ࡯࡚ࠢࠪ࠶ࡊ
㨪 ᄢ㒋ᄢቇ↥ᬺ⑼ቇ⎇ⓥᚲቇౝ౒ห⎇ⓥ⎇ⓥળ㔚ሶ⁁ᘒ⸘▚ߩ⊒ዷߦะߌߡ
᧲ർᄢㅢ⎇࡮㒋ᄢ↥⎇ቇⴚ੤ᵹળ
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ᦨవ┵⎇ⓥ㐿⊒ᡰេࡊࡠࠣ࡜ࡓ
(+456Ꮉวࡊࡠࠫࠚࠢ࠻ ౏㐿ࠪࡦࡐࠫ࠙ࡓ
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ᐕᤐቄ╙ ࿁ᔕ↪‛ℂቇ㑐ଥㅪว⻠Ṷળ
㨪 㕟ᣂ࠽ࡁࡃࠗࠝ࠺ࡃࠗࠬߦ㑐ߔࠆᦨవ┵⎇ⓥ㐿⊒࿖㓙ࠪࡦࡐࠫ࠙ࡓ
࠽ࡁ࠹ࠢࡁࡠࠫ࡯․೎࠮ࡒ࠽࡯
╙ ࿁ᣣᧄ⚦⩶ቇળ✚ળ
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ߜᄖ࿖ੱࠍ⻠Ꮷߦㄫ߃ߡߩ߽ߩߪ ઙ㧕ߢ޽ߞߚ‫ޕ‬
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⷏᧻Პ
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⁛↥ᬺᛛⴚ✚ว⎇ⓥ
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ᜬਣᱜ᣿
ᚲ࠺ࠫ࠲࡞ࡅࡘ࡯ࡑࡦ ࠮ࡦ࠲࡯㐳 ᛛⴚ㧙૕ᒻ࡮ᱠⴕ࠺࡯࠲ࡌ࡯ࠬߦၮߠߊࡕ࠺࡞
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ൻቇ⊛⒎ᐨࠍ⠨ᘦߒߚ╙৻ේℂ⸘▚ߦࠃࠆᣂ
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੹੗ ❥ⷙ
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ࠪࡖ࡯ࡊᩣᑼળ␠
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ࠠࡦࠣ࡮ࠞ࡯࡝࠼ᄢቇ ⎇ⓥຬ
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&KRCPMCT5GP
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࠺ࠖࠬࡊ࡟ࠗ࠺ࡃࠗࠬߣߘߩᔕ↪
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⋙ⷞ߅ࠃ߮᡿㓚⸻ᢿ
ࠪ࡝ࠦࡦ࠽ࡁ☸ሶߩℂቇߣᎿቇ
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― 14 ―
&CXKF$CTVGNUࡁ࡯࠻࡞࠳ࡓᄢቇ
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― 15 ―
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↹௝ߩ⹺⼂࡮ℂ⸃ࠪࡦࡐࠫ࠙ࡓ /+47 ఝ⑲⺰ᢥ⾨
╙ ࿁ੱᎿ⍮⢻ቇળో࿖ᄢળఝ⑲⾨㧔ญ㗡⊒⴫ㇱ㐷㧕
ᄢ㒋ᄢቇഞ❣⾨㧔⎇ⓥㇱ㐷㧕
ᄢ㒋ᄢቇഞ❣⾨㧔⎇ⓥㇱ㐷㧕
(#5'$5WOOGT4GUCCTEJ%QPHGTGPEGU6TCXGN#YCTF
/GV(QCO$GUV2CRGT#YCTF
ᣣᧄේሶജቇળ ᐕ⑺ߩᐕળቇ↢ࡐࠬ࠲࡯࠮࠶࡚ࠪࡦఝ⑲⾨
ࠛ࡟ࠢ࠻ࡠ࠾ࠢࠬታⵝቇળ⎇ⓥᅑബ⾨
╙ ࿁᡼኿✢ൻቇ⸛⺰ળࡐࠬ࠲࡯⾨ఝ⑲⾨
ᣣᧄ↢ൻቇળ ,$ ⺰ᢥ⾨
࿁ࡑࠗࠢࡠࡊࡠ࠮ࠬ࡮࠽ࡁ࠹ࠢࡁࡠࠫ࡯࿖㓙ળ⼏ᦨఝ⑲⺰ᢥ⾨
࿁ࡑࠗࠢࡠࡊࡠ࠮ࠬ࡮࠽ࡁ࠹ࠢࡁࡠࠫ࡯࿖㓙ળ⼏ᦨఝ⑲⺰ᢥ⾨
࿁ࡑࠗࠢࡠࡊࡠ࠮ࠬ࡮࠽ࡁ࠹ࠢࡁࡠࠫ࡯࿖㓙ળ⼏ᦨఝ⑲⺰ᢥ⾨
࿁ࡑࠗࠢࡠࡊࡠ࠮ࠬ࡮࠽ࡁ࠹ࠢࡁࡠࠫ࡯࿖㓙ળ⼏ᦨఝ⑲⺰ᢥ⾨
࿁ࡑࠗࠢࡠࡊࡠ࠮ࠬ࡮࠽ࡁ࠹ࠢࡁࡠࠫ࡯࿖㓙ળ⼏ᦨఝ⑲ࡐࠬ࠲࡯⾨ ࿁ࡑࠗࠢࡠࡊࡠ࠮ࠬ࡮࠽ࡁ࠹ࠢࡁࡠࠫ࡯࿖㓙ળ⼏ᦨఝ⑲ࡐࠬ࠲࡯⾨ ࿁ࡑࠗࠢࡠࡊࡠ࠮ࠬ࡮࠽ࡁ࠹ࠢࡁࡠࠫ࡯࿖㓙ળ⼏ᦨఝ⑲ࡐࠬ࠲࡯⾨ ࿁ࡑࠗࠢࡠࡊࡠ࠮ࠬ࡮࠽ࡁ࠹ࠢࡁࡠࠫ࡯࿖㓙ળ⼏ᦨఝ⑲ࡐࠬ࠲࡯⾨ ᢥㇱ⑼ቇ⋭⑼ቇ⎇ⓥ⾌⵬ഥ㊄ᝄቇⴚ㗔ၞ‫ޟ‬ኻ⒓ᕈߩ⎕ࠇߚಝ❗⋧ߦ߅ߌ
ࠆ࠻ࡐࡠࠫࠞ࡞㊂ሶ⃻⽎‫࡞ࠞࠫࡠࡐ࠻ޠ‬㊂ሶ⃻⽎ߩ⧯ᚻ࿖㓙ળ⼏ࡌࠬ࠻
ࡐࠬ࠲࡯⾨
╙㧤࿁⭯⤑᧚ᢱ࠺ࡃࠗࠬ⎇ⓥળߢࡌࠬ࠻ࡍ࡯ࡄ࡯ࠕࡢ࡯࠼
+50#%1WVUVCPFKPI1TCN2TGUGPVCVKQP#YCTFHQT;QWPI5EKGPVKUVKP
VJ*CPFCK0CPQUEKGPEGCPF0CPQVGEJPQNQI[+PVGTPCVKQPCN5[ORQUKWO
2QUVGTRTGUGPVCVKQP#YCTFU
VJ*CPFCK0CPQUEKGPEGCPF0CPQVGJPQNQI[+PVGTPCVKQPCN5[ORQUKWO
;QWPI4GUGCTEJGT2QUVGT#YCTF
╙ ࿁ᣣᧄ⚦⩶ቇળ㑐⷏ᡰㇱ✚ળᦨఝ⑲⊒⴫⠪
╙ ࿁↥⎇࿖㓙ࠪࡦࡐࠫ࠙ࡓ╙ ࿁↥⎇࠽ࡁ࠹ࠢࡁࡠࠫ࡯࠮ࡦ࠲࡯࿖
㓙ࠪࡦࡐࠫ࠙ࡓ$GUV2QUVGT#YCTFU
6JGVJ5#0-'0+PVGTPCVKQPCN5[ORQUKWO6JGVJ5#0-'0
0CPQVGEJPQNQI[5[ORQUKWO$GUV2QUVGT#YCTF
6JGVJ5#0-'0+PVGTPCVKQPCN5[ORQUKWO6JGVJ5#0-'0
0CPQVGEJPQNQI[5[ORQUKWO$GUV2QUVGT#YCTF
6JGVJ5#0-'0+PVGTPCVKQPCN5[ORQUKWO6JGVJ5#0-'0
0CPQVGEJPQNQI[5[ORQUKWO$GUV2QUVGT#YCTF
6JGVJ5#0-'0+PVGTPCVKQPCN5[ORQUKWO6JGVJ5#0-'0
0CPQVGEJPQNQI[5[ORQUKWO$GUV2QUVGT#YCTF
6JGVJ5#0-'0+PVGTPCVKQPCN5[ORQUKWO6JGVJ5#0-'0
0CPQVGEJPQNQI[5[ORQUKWO$GUV2QUVGT#YCTF
6JGVJ5#0-'0+PVGTPCVKQPCN5[ORQUKWO6JGVJ5#0-'0
0CPQVGEJPQNQI[5[ORQUKWO$GUV2QUVGT#YCTF
6JGVJ5#0-'0+PVGTPCVKQPCN5[ORQUKWO6JGVJ5#0-'0
0CPQVGEJPQNQI[5[ORQUKWO$GUV2QUVGT#YCTF
ᔕ↪‛ℂቇળർ㒽࡮ା⿧ᡰㇱ⊒⴫ᅑബ⾨
ࠣࡠ࡯ࡃ࡞ %1' ࡊࡠࠣ࡜ࡓ‫ޟ‬᭴ㅧ࡮ᯏ⢻వㅴ᧚ᢱ࠺ࠩࠗࡦᢎ⢒⎇ⓥ᜚ὐ‫ޠ‬
― 16 ―
ᄙᩮᱜ๺
┻⼱⚐৻
ᄙᩮᱜ๺
ะᎹᐽඳ
ศ↰⑲ੱ
ጊፒ⡛ม
㐿⊔㇌ብ
ᓼ㊁೰ᄢ
⺰ᢥ⾨
ࠣࡠ࡯ࡃ࡞ %1' ࡊࡠࠣ࡜ࡓ‫ޟ‬᭴ㅧ࡮ᯏ⢻వㅴ᧚ᢱ࠺ࠩࠗࡦᢎ⢒⎇ⓥ᜚ὐ‫ޠ‬
⺰ᢥ⾨
0CPQVGEJᄢ⾨ࡊࡠࠫࠚࠢ࠻⾨
ࠣࡠ࡯ࡃ࡞ %1' ࡊࡠࠣ࡜ࡓ‫ޟ‬᭴ㅧ࡮ᯏ⢻వㅴ᧚ᢱ࠺ࠩࠗࡦᢎ⢒⎇ⓥ᜚ὐ‫ޠ‬
ఝ⑲ࡐࠬ࠲࡯⾨
৻⥸␠࿅ᴺੱᖱႎಣℂቇળ ᐕᐲጊਅ⸥ᔨ⎇ⓥ⾨
╙ ࿁⸅ᇦ⸛⺰ળఝ⑲ࡐࠬ࠲࡯⊒⴫⾨
╙ ࿁ᣣᧄ⚦⩶ቇળ✚ળఝ⑲ࡐࠬ࠲࡯⾨
‫⾆ޟ‬㊄ዻߦ㑐ࠊࠆ⎇ⓥഥᚑ㊄‫⾨࠼࡞࡯ࠧޠ‬
↰ਛ⾆㊄ዻࠣ࡞࡯ࡊ‫⾆ޟ‬㊄ዻߦ㑐ࠊࠆ⎇ⓥഥᚑ㊄‫ޠ‬㧹㧹㧿⾨
㧟㧚ᢎ⢒߳ߩ㑐ਈ㧔ᐔᚑ ᐕᐲ㧕
㧝㧕ᄢቇ㒮⎇ⓥ⑼ߩᚲዻవ
ᒰ⎇ⓥᚲߩᢎຬߪ‫ޔ‬ᄢ㒋ᄢቇᄢቇ㒮ℂቇ⎇ⓥ⑼‫ޔ‬Ꮏቇ⎇ⓥ⑼‫ޔ‬ၮ␆Ꮏቇ⎇ⓥ⑼‫⮎ޔ‬ቇ⎇ⓥ⑼‫ޔ‬ᖱႎ⑼
ቇ⎇ⓥ⑼‫↢ޔ‬๮ᯏ⢻⎇ⓥ⑼ߦ߽ᚲዻߒ‫ޔ‬ฦኾ᡹ߩᄢቇ㒮↢ߩ⻠⟵߅ࠃ߮⎇ⓥᜰዉࠍⴕߞߡ޿ࠆ‫ޕ‬
⎇ⓥ⑼
ᚲዻవ㧔ኾ᡹㧕
ᢎ᝼
ಎᢎ᝼
㐳⼱Ꮉ❥ᒾ
ᦺᣣ৻
ℂቇ
੗਄ᕡ৻
⏷ጊᖗᦶ
‛ℂቇ
⊕੗శ㔕
ዊญᄙ⟤ᄦ
ട⮮㦖ᅢ
᧻ᧄථ਽
ዊᨋశ
㜟ᯅ᣽↵
╣੗ብ᣿
ൻቇ
ၴ㊁ਥ⒢
ਛ⼱๺ᒾ
ᄢ␹↰ᷕሶ
ട⮮ୃ㓶
ṚỈᔋ
ൻቇ
㋈ᧁஜਯ
ℂቇ
↢‛⑼ቇ
⼱Ỉ సⴕ
ጟፉବ⧷
Ꮏቇ
⍮⢻㨯ᯏ⢻ഃᚑᎿቇ
⩲ᴧ సᤘ
ਛ᎑ ⧷㓶
ᄙᩮᱜ๺
ࡑ࠹࡝ࠕ࡞↢↥⑼ቇ
┻↰ ♖ᴦ
⍹ਣቇ
ኅ⵨㓉
቟⯃ ⧐㓶
⮮Ⴆ቞
⌀᎑ ືᦶ
Ꮉ੗ᷡᒾ
቟⮮ 㓁৻
ᔕ↪ൻቇ
ἑᎹ⠹ม
ฎỈቁᒄ
♖ኒ⑼ቇ࡮ᔕ↪‛ℂቇ 㔚᳇㔚ሶᖱႎᎿቇ
ⅣႺ࡮ࠛࡀ࡞ࠡ࡯Ꮏቇ
┻⼱⚐৻
ዊญᄙ⟤ᄦ
ᦺᣣ ৻
㣐የ 㓉
Ḵญℂ৻㇢
⼱᧛సᏆ
ศ↰㓁৻
― 17 ―
㗇⮮ቁ৻
⊕੗శ㔕
㐳⼱Ꮉ❥ᒾ
ૼ᧛ᓼା
ฎፒᤩม
㊄ፒ㗅৻
↰ਛᘕ৻㇢
⹷↰⟵⧷
ᬢ㊄ፄ
ၮ␆Ꮏቇ
‛⾰ഃᚑ
ᖱႎᢙℂ♽
⮎ቇ
ᖱႎ⑼ቇ
↢๮ᯏ⢻
ಽሶ⮎⑼ቇ ᖱႎᢙℂቇ
㩄㩧㩕㩩㨷㨺㩊㩅㨼㨾㩧㩇 ᧻ᧄ๺ᒾ
ዊญᄙ⟤ᄦ
↰ਛ⑲๺
┻ౝ❥᮸㧔᜗߳޿㧕
౎ᧁᐽผ
ጊญ᣿ੱ
ᴧየᱜⴕ
౎ᧁᐽผ
⼱Ỉసⴕ
੗਄ᕡ৻
೨ᯅ౗ਃ
⊕੗శ㔕
⷏ Პ
⷏㊁㇌ᒾ
ᩙේ⡡
ะᎹᐽඳ
ጟፉବ⧷
๺↰ᵗ
㧞㧕ᄢቇ㒮ᜂᒰ᝼ᬺ৻ⷩ
⎇ⓥ⑼
⑼⋡
ℂቇ
࠽ࡁࡊࡠ࠮ࠬ࡮‛ᕈ࡮࠺ࡃࠗࠬቇ ⿥ಽሶ࠽ࡁࡃࠗࠝࡊࡠ࠮ࠬቇ ࠽ࡁ᭴ㅧ࡮ᯏ⢻⸘᷹⸃ᨆቇ ᡼኿శ‛ℂቇ ടㅦེ⑼ቇ ࿕૕㔚ሶ⺰Τ
ඨዉ૕ൻቇ +
‛ᕈℂ⺰࠮ࡒ࠽࡯Τ
‛ᕈℂ⺰․೎࠮ࡒ࠽࡯Τ
㩏㩓㩙㩍㩢㨻㩣㨯㩏㩓㩍㩨㩔㩨㨼㩇㩍㩨㩅㩨㨼㩧ቇ
ඨዉ૕ඨᦼ࠮ࡒ࠽࡯
ඨዉ૕․೎࠮ࡒ࠽࡯
ඨዉ૕‛ℂቇ
᡼኿శඨᦼ࠮ࡒ࠽࡯
ℂቇ
᡼኿శ․೎࠮ࡒ࠽࡯ ⸅ᇦൻቇ
ᄢቇ㒮᦭ᯏൻቇ ․೎⻠⟵ $Τ‫᦭ޟ‬ᯏวᚑൻቇ‫ޠ‬
วᚑ᦭ᯏൻቇ
+
ඨዉ૕ൻቇ࠮ࡒ࠽࡯Σ ඨዉ૕ൻቇ࠮ࡒ࠽࡯Τ ᯏ⢻ᕈಽሶൻቇ࠮ࡒ࠽࡯Σ‫ޔ‬Τ ᯏ⢻ᕈಽሶൻቇ․⺰
ࠥࡁࡓൻቇ ࠥࡁࡓൻቇ࠮ࡒ࠽࡯Σ‫ޔ‬Τ ࠥࡁࡓൻቇ․೎࠮ࡒ࠽࡯ วᚑ᦭ᯏൻቇ࠮ࡒ࠽࡯Σ‫ޔ‬Τ ඨዉ૕ൻቇ․೎࠮ࡒ࠽࡯ วᚑ᦭ᯏൻቇ․೎࠮ࡒ࠽࡯ ᯏ⢻ᕈಽሶൻቇ․೎࠮ࡒ࠽࡯ ↢૕ᯏ⢻‛⾰ቇ࠮ࡒ࠽࡯
↢૕ᯏ⢻‛⾰ቇ․೎࠮ࡒ࠽࡯ ↢‛⑼ቇ․⺰ +:
Ꮏቇ
㔚ሶᯏ⢻ಽሶൻቇ ബ⿠෻ᔕൻቇ ಽሶഃᚑൻቇ࠯ࡒ࠽࡯࡞ ಽሶഃᚑൻቇ⎇ⓥ⺖㗴ડ↹࠯ࡒ࠽࡯࡞
― 18 ―
ᜂᒰᢎຬ
᧻ᧄ๺ᒾ
⌀᎑ືᦶ‫⮮ޔ‬Ⴆ቞‫ޔ‬Ꮉ੗ᷡᒾ‫┙ޔ‬Ꮉ⾆჻
┻↰♖ᴦ‫ޔ‬⍹ਣቇ
⏷ጊᖗᦶ
⏷ጊᖗᦶ
ዊญᄙ⟤ᄦ‫⊕ޔ‬੗శ㔕
ዊᨋశ‫ޔ‬㜟ᯅ᣽↵
ዊญᄙ⟤ᄦ‫⊕ޔ‬੗శ㔕
ዊญᄙ⟤ᄦ‫⊕ޔ‬੗శ㔕
ዊญᄙ⟤ᄦ‫⊕ޔ‬੗శ㔕
ᦺᣣ ৻‫ޔ‬㐳⼱Ꮉ❥ᒾ
ᦺᣣ ৻‫ޔ‬㐳⼱Ꮉ❥ᒾ
㐳⼱Ꮉ❥ᒾ
⏷ጊᖗᦶ‫ޔ‬੗਄ᕡ৻‫ޔ‬ട⮮㦖ᅢ
⏷ጊᖗᦶ‫ޔ‬੗਄ᕡ৻‫ޔ‬ട⮮㦖ᅢ
╣੗ብ᣿‫ޔ‬㋈ᧁஜਯ‫ޔ‬ṚỈ ᔋ
╣੗ብ᣿
╣੗ብ᣿
ട⮮ୃ㓶‫ޔ‬ᄢ␹↰ᷕሶ
ዊᨋశ‫ޔ‬㜟ᯅ᣽↵
ዊᨋశ
╣੗ብ᣿‫ޔ‬㋈ᧁஜਯ‫ޔ‬ṚỈᔋ
╣੗ብ᣿
ਛ⼱๺ᒾ‫ޔ‬ၴ㊁ਥ⒢
ਛ⼱๺ᒾ
ਛ⼱๺ᒾ
ട⮮ୃ㓶‫ޔ‬ᄢ␹↰ᷕሶ
ዊᨋశ
ട⮮ୃ㓶‫ޔ‬ᄢ␹↰ᷕሶ
╣੗ብ᣿
⼱Ỉసⴕ‫ޔ‬ጟፉବ⧷‫ޔ‬ਛ੗ᔘᔒ‫᧻┙ޔ‬ஜม
⼱Ỉసⴕ‫ޔ‬ጟፉବ⧷‫ޔ‬ਛ੗ᔘᔒ‫᧻┙ޔ‬ஜม
⼱Ỉసⴕ‫ޔ‬ጟፉବ⧷‫ޔ‬ਛ੗ᔘᔒ
቟⯃⧐㓶‫ޔ‬ኅ ⵨㓉
⌀᎑ືᦶ‫⮮ޔ‬Ⴆ቞‫ޔ‬Ꮉ੗ᷡᒾ
⌀᎑ືᦶ‫ޔ‬቟⯃⧐㓶‫⮮ޔ‬Ⴆ቞‫ޔ‬Ꮉ੗ᷡᒾ‫ޔ‬ኅ⵨㓉
⌀᎑ືᦶ‫ޔ‬቟⯃⧐㓶‫⮮ޔ‬Ⴆ቞‫ޔ‬Ꮉ੗ᷡᒾ‫ޔ‬ኅ⵨㓉
Ꮏቇ
ၮ␆Ꮏቇ
⮎ቇ
ᖱႎ⑼ቇ
ಽሶഃᚑൻቇవ┵⎇ⓥᖱႎ࠯ࡒ࠽࡯࡞
శ‛ᕈ࡮శࠛ࡟ࠢ࠻ࡠ࠾ࠢࠬ 㔚᳇㔚ሶᖱႎᎿቇ࠮ࡒ࠽࡯ 㔚᳇㔚ሶᖱႎᎿቇ࠮ࡒ࠽࡯
㔚᳇㔚ሶᖱႎᎿቇṶ⠌࡮ታ⠌ 㔚᳇㔚ሶᖱႎᎿቇṶ⠌࡮ታ⠌
㔚᳇㔚ሶᖱႎᎿቇ․೎⻠⟵Φ వ┵㨾㩤㩂㩎㩥㩐㩂㩇㩍㩨㩔㩨㨼㩇Ꮏቇ․⺰Τ
㊂ሶಽሶᎿቇ ࿕૕‛ᕈൻቇ ‛⾰ᯏ⢻ൻቇ࠯ࡒ࠽࡯࡞
‛⾰ᯏ⢻ൻቇ⎇ⓥ⺖㗴ડ↹࠯ࡒ࠽࡯࡞
‛⾰ᯏ⢻ൻቇవ┵⎇ⓥᖱႎ࠯ࡒ࠽࡯࡞ ᦭ᯏඨዉ૕࠺ࡃࠗࠬ‛ℂ
ഃᚑᎿቇ࠯ࡒ࠽࡯࡞
ၮ⋚ഃᚑᎿቇ ⍮⢻ഃᚑᎿቇ ᯏ⢻ഃᚑᎿቇ ၮ⋚ 22
Ⲣว⑼ቇᛛⴚഃᚑ
␠ળⲢวᎿቇ
࿖㓙ⲢวᎿቇ
వዉⲢวᎿቇ
᧚ᢱ⸳⸘⺰
ᭂᓸ᭴ㅧ⸃ᨆቇ
㊂ሶࡆ࡯ࡓൻቇ
࠺࡯࠲ࡑࠗ࠾ࡦࠣᎿቇ
⍮⼂Ꮏቇ⺰
⍮⢻ࠪࠬ࠹ࡓᎿቇ․⺰
ࠨࠬ࠹ࠗ࠽ࡆ࡝࠹ࠖ⹏ଔ࡮ᛛⴚ⺰
ේሶജᎿቇ࠮ࡒ࠽࡯㧝
ේሶജᎿቇ࠮ࡒ࠽࡯㧞
ේሶജᎿቇ࠮ࡒ࠽࡯
࠽ࡁᎿቇ
ⅣႺࠛࡀ࡞ࠡ࡯Ꮏቇ࠮ࡒ࠽࡯㧝
ⅣႺࠛࡀ࡞ࠡ࡯Ꮏቇ࠮ࡒ࠽࡯㧞
ේሶജᎿቇ࠮ࡒ࠽࡯
㊂ሶࡆ࡯ࡓൻቇ
ᓴⅣဳ᧚ᢱ⾗Ḯࠪࠬ࠹ࡓ⺰
࠽ࡁᎿቇ
ඨዉ૕‛ᕈ
వ┵‛⾰⸳⸘⺰
࠯ࡒ࠽࡯࡞Σ‫ޔ‬Τ ‛ℂ♽⎇ⓥΣ‫ޔ‬Τ ⴫㕙࡮⇇㕙 ⿥⭯⤑‛ᕈ
⚦⢩↢‛ቇ․೎⻠⟵
․೎Ṷ⠌㧔ඳ჻ᓟᦼ⺖⒟㧕
․೎Ṷ⠌㧔ୃ჻⺖⒟㧕
ഃᚑ⮎ቇ࠯ࡒ࠽࡯࡞ ഃᚑ⮎ቇ࠯ࡒ࠽࡯࡞ ᖱႎᢙℂቇ࠮ࡒ࠽࡯Σ ― 19 ―
⌀᎑ືᦶ‫ޔ‬቟⯃⧐㓶‫⮮ޔ‬Ⴆ቞‫ޔ‬Ꮉ੗ᷡᒾ‫ޔ‬ኅ⵨㓉
ᦺᣣ৻‫ޔ‬㐳⼱Ꮉ❥ᒾ
ᦺᣣ৻‫ޔ‬㣐የ㓉‫ޔ‬㐳⼱Ꮉ❥ᒾ‫ޔ‬
Ḵญℂ৻㇢‫᧛ૼޔ‬ᓼା‫ޔ‬ฎፒᤩม
ᦺᣣ৻‫ޔ‬㣐የ㓉‫ޔ‬㐳⼱Ꮉ❥ᒾ
Ḵญℂ৻㇢‫᧛ૼޔ‬ᓼା‫ޔ‬ฎፒᤩม
ᦺᣣ৻‫ޔ‬㐳⼱Ꮉ❥ᒾ
ᦺᣣ৻‫ޔ‬㐳⼱Ꮉ❥ᒾ
ฎỈቁᒄ
቟⮮㓁৻‫ޔ‬ἑᎹ⠹ม
቟⮮㓁৻
቟⮮㓁৻‫ޔ‬ἑᎹ⠹ม‫ޔ‬ฎỈቁᒄ
቟⮮㓁৻‫ޔ‬ἑᎹ⠹ม‫ޔ‬ฎỈቁᒄ
┻⼱⚐৻‫ޔ‬㗇⮮ቁ৻
⩲ᴧసᤘ‫ޔ‬⢻ᧁ㓷਽
⩲ᴧసᤘ‫ޔ‬⢻ᧁ㓷਽
⩲ᴧసᤘ‫ޔ‬⢻ᧁ㓷਽
⩲ᴧసᤘ‫ޔ‬⢻ᧁ㓷਽
⩲ᴧసᤘ‫ޔ‬⢻ᧁ㓷਽
⩲ᴧసᤘ‫ޔ‬⢻ᧁ㓷਽
⩲ᴧసᤘ‫ޔ‬⢻ᧁ㓷਽
⩲ᴧసᤘ‫ޔ‬⢻ᧁ㓷਽
⩲ᴧసᤘ‫ޔ‬⢻ᧁ㓷਽
ਛ᎑⧷㓶‫ޔ‬ᄙᩮᱜ๺
┻↰♖ᴦ‫ޔ‬⍹ਣ ቇ
ศ↰㓁৻‫ޔ‬ᬢ㊄ፄ‫⧷⟵↰⹷ޔ‬
㣐የ 㓉
Ḵญℂ৻㇢‫ޔ‬ฎፒᤩม‫᧛ૼޔ‬ᓼା Ḵญℂ৻㇢‫ޔ‬ฎፒᤩม‫᧛ૼޔ‬ᓼା
Ḵญℂ৻㇢
⼱᧛సᏆ
ศ↰㓁৻
ศ↰㓁৻‫ޔ‬ᬢ㊄ፄ‫⧷⟵↰⹷ޔ‬
⼱᧛సᏆ
ศ↰㓁৻‫ޔ‬ᬢ㊄ፄ‫ޔ‬ㄭ⮮ቁᢥ
ศ↰㓁৻‫ޔ‬ᬢ㊄ፄ‫ޔ‬ㄭ⮮ቁᢥ
ศ↰㓁৻‫ޔ‬ᬢ㊄ፄ‫ޔ‬ㄭ⮮ቁᢥ
ᬢ㊄ፄ‫ޔ⧷⟵↰⹷ޔ‬ศ↰㓁৻
ᬢ㊄ፄ
ศ↰㓁৻
᧻ᧄ๺ᒾ‫ޔ‬੗਄ᕡ৻
ዊญᄙ⟤ᄦ‫⊕ޔ‬੗శ㔕
᧻ᧄ๺ᒾ‫ޔ‬੗਄ᕡ৻‫ޔ‬ዊญᄙ⟤ᄦ‫↰ޔ‬ਛ⑲๺
᧻ᧄ๺ᒾ‫ޔ‬੗਄ᕡ৻‫ޔ‬ዊญᄙ⟤ᄦ‫↰ޔ‬ਛ⑲๺
↰ਛ⑲๺
ጊญ᣿ੱ‫⷏ޔ‬Პ‫⷏ޔ‬㊁㇌ᒾ
ጊญ᣿ੱ
ጊญ᣿ੱ
ጊญ᣿ੱ
ጊญ᣿ੱ
ᴧየᱜⴕ‫ޔ‬ᩙේ ⡡
ᖱႎ⑼ቇ
↢๮ᯏ⢻
ᖱႎᢙℂቇ࠮ࡒ࠽࡯Τ ᖱႎᢙℂቇṶ⠌Σ
ᖱႎᢙℂቇṶ⠌Τ
ᖱႎᢙℂቇ⎇ⓥΣ
ᖱႎᢙℂቇ⎇ⓥΤ
ᖱႎᢙℂቇ᭎⺰
⍮⢻ߣቇ⠌
⍮⢻ࠕ࡯ࠠ࠹ࠢ࠴ࡖ
ⴕേ⸘↹⍮⢻⺰ ࠦࡦࡇࡘ࡯࠲ࠨࠗࠛࡦࠬ࠮ࡒ࠽࡯Σ
ࠦࡦࡇࡘ࡯࠲ࠨࠗࠛࡦࠬ࠮ࡒ࠽࡯Τ
ࠦࡦࡇࡘ࡯࠲ࠨࠗࠛࡦࠬṶ⠌Σ
ࠦࡦࡇࡘ࡯࠲ࠨࠗࠛࡦࠬṶ⠌Τ
ࠦࡦࡇࡘ࡯࠲ࠨࠗࠛࡦࠬၮ␆⺰
ࠦࡦࡇࡘ࡯࠲ࠨࠗࠛࡦࠬࠗࡦ࠲࡯ࡦࠪ࠶ࡊ
ࠦࡦࡇࡘ࡯࠲ࠨࠗࠛࡦࠬࠗࡦ࠲࡯ࡦࠪ࠶ࡊ &
ࠦࡦࡇࡘ࡯࠲ࠨࠗࠛࡦࠬ⎇ⓥΣC
ࠦࡦࡇࡘ࡯࠲ࠨࠗࠛࡦࠬ⎇ⓥΣD
ࠦࡦࡇࡘ࡯࠲ࠨࠗࠛࡦࠬ⎇ⓥΤC
ࠦࡦࡇࡘ࡯࠲ࠨࠗࠛࡦࠬ⎇ⓥΤD
ࠦࡦࡇࡘ࡯࠲ࠨࠗࠛࡦࠬࠕ࠼ࡃࡦࠬ࠻࠮ࡒ࠽࡯
Σ
ࠦࡦࡇࡘ࡯࠲ࠨࠗࠛࡦࠬࠕ࠼ࡃࡦࠬ࠻࠮ࡒ࠽࡯
Τ
⍮⢻ࠪࠬ࠹ࡓ᭎⺰
ᖱႎᢙℂቇࠗࡦ࠲࡯ࡦࠪ࠶ࡊ
ᖱႎᢙℂቇࠗࡦ࠲࡯ࡦࠪ࠶ࡊ &
ℂᎿකቇΤ㧲
ℂᎿකቇ࠮ࡒ࠽࡯Τ㧲
ℂᎿකቇ․೎࠮ࡒ࠽࡯㧲
ᴧየᱜⴕ‫ޔ‬ᩙේ ⡡
ᴧየᱜⴕ‫ޔ‬ᩙේ ⡡
ᴧየᱜⴕ‫ޔ‬ᩙේ ⡡
ᴧየᱜⴕ‫ޔ‬ᩙේ ⡡
ᴧየᱜⴕ‫ޔ‬ᩙේ ⡡
ᴧየᱜⴕ‫ޔ‬ᩙේ ⡡
ᴧየᱜⴕ
ᴧየᱜⴕ‫ޔ‬ᩙේ⡡
ᩙේ⡡
౎ᧁᐽผ‫ޔ‬ะᎹᐽඳ
౎ᧁᐽผ‫ޔ‬ะᎹᐽඳ
౎ᧁᐽผ‫ޔ‬ะᎹᐽඳ
౎ᧁᐽผ‫ޔ‬ะᎹᐽඳ
౎ᧁᐽผ‫ޔ‬ะᎹᐽඳ
౎ᧁᐽผ‫ޔ‬ะᎹᐽඳ
౎ᧁᐽผ‫ޔ‬ะᎹᐽඳ
౎ᧁᐽผ‫ޔ‬ะᎹᐽඳ
౎ᧁᐽผ‫ޔ‬ะᎹᐽඳ
౎ᧁᐽผ‫ޔ‬ะᎹᐽඳ
౎ᧁᐽผ‫ޔ‬ะᎹᐽඳ
౎ᧁᐽผ‫ޔ‬ะᎹᐽඳ
౎ᧁᐽผ‫ޔ‬ะᎹᐽඳ
౎ᧁᐽผ‫ޔ‬ะᎹᐽඳ
ᴧየᱜⴕ‫ޔ‬ᩙේ⡡
ᴧየᱜⴕ‫ޔ‬ᩙේ⡡
⼱Ỉసⴕ‫ޔ‬ጟፉବ⧷
⼱Ỉసⴕ
⼱Ỉసⴕ
㧟㧕ᄢቇ㒮↢ߩฃ౉ᢙ
ᐔᚑ ᐕ
㧔⎇ⓥ⑼㧕 㧔ኾ᡹㧕 㧔ඳ჻೨ᦼ㧕㧔ඳ჻ᓟᦼ㧕 㧔ዊ⸘㧕
ℂ ቇ ‛ℂቇ ൻ ቇ ↢‛⑼ቇ 㧔ዊ ⸘㧕 Ꮏ ቇ ᔕ↪ൻቇ ♖ኒ⑼ቇ࡮ᔕ↪‛ℂቇ ⍮⢻࡮ᯏ⢻ഃᚑᎿቇ ࡑ࠹࡝ࠕ࡞↢↥⑼ቇ
㔚᳇㔚ሶᖱႎᎿቇ
㩕㩨㩆㩨㩒㩇㨾㩧㩆㩨㩐㨻㩢㩧㩂㩨
ⅣႺ࡮㨾㩒㩣㩁㩨㨺Ꮏቇ 㧔ዊ ⸘㧕 ၮ␆Ꮏቇ ‛⾰ഃᚑ ― 20 ―
㧔ዊ ⸘㧕
⮎ ቇ ഃᚑ⮎ቇ㧔ୃ჻⺖⒟㧕 㧔ዊ⸘㧕 ᖱႎ⑼ቇ ᖱႎᢙℂቇ
ࠦࡦࡇࡘ࡯࠲ࠨࠗࠛࡦࠬ 㧔ዊ⸘㧕 ↢๮ᯏ⢻ ↢๮ᯏ⢻ ዊ ⸘ 㧡ᐕ৻⽾೙㧕 ว ⸘
㧠㧕ቇㇱ‫౒ޔ‬ㅢᢎ⢒ᜂᒰ᝼ᬺ৻ⷩ㧔ᐔᚑ ᐕᐲ㧕
࡮ቇㇱᜂᒰ᝼ᬺ
ቇㇱ
⑼⋡
Ꮏ ⍮⼂ᖱႎಣℂ
ᖱႎၮ␆
ᖱႎᢙℂቇṶ⠌ +
㊂ሶࡆ࡯ࡓᎿቇ
㊂ሶࡆ࡯ࡓᎿቇ
ⅣႺ࡮ࠛࡀ࡞ࠡ࡯․೎⻠⟵ +
㊂ሶൻቇ
㔚⏛᳇ቇ
ၮ␆Ꮏ ⍮⼂Ꮏቇ
⸘▚ᯏេ↪Ꮏቇ $
ᖱႎ⑼ቇ࠯ࡒ࠽࡯࡞ #
ᖱႎ⑼ቇ࠯ࡒ࠽࡯࡞ $
ࡊࡠࠣ࡜ࡒࡦࠣ %
ࡊࡠࠣ࡜ࡒࡦࠣ $
࠮࡜ࡒ࠶ࠢࠬ‛ᕈ
ඨዉ૕‛ℂ $
⮎ ᛫↢‛⾰ቇ
⚦⢩↢‛ቇ․⺰
࡮౒ㅢᢎ⢒ᜂᒰ᝼ᬺ
඙ಽ
⑼⋡
ၮ␆࠮ࡒ࠽࡯᦭ᯏൻቇߣࠥࡁࡓ
ᦨᣂ࠽ࡁ࠹ࠢࡁࡠࠫ࡯౉㐷
ಽሶߣ↢๮
⍮⢻ߣࠦࡦࡇࡘ࡯࠲࡯
వ┵ᢎ㙃⑼⋡వ┵ࡆ࡯ࡓ⑼ቇ
ኾ㐷ၮ␆ᢎ⢒ ൻቇ᭎⺰
⑼⋡
ൻቇⷐ⺰
ᜂᒰᢎຬ
ᴧየᱜⴕ
ᩙේ⡡
᫪ጊ↲৻‫⑔ޔ‬੗ஜ৻
ศ↰㓁৻
ศ↰㓁৻
ᬢ㊄ፄ
ศ↰㓁৻
ศ↰㓁৻‫ޔ‬ᬢ㊄ፄ
౎ᧁᐽผ‫ޔ‬ะᎹᐽඳ
౎ᧁᐽผ‫ޔ‬ะᎹᐽඳ
౎ᧁᐽผ‫ޔ‬ะᎹᐽඳ
౎ᧁᐽผ‫ޔ‬ะᎹᐽඳ
᭱ේ㕏
ḩ਄⢒ਭ
↰ਛ⑲๺
᧻ᧄ๺ᒾ‫ޔ‬೨ᯅ౗ਃ
ጊญ᣿ੱ
ጊญ᣿ੱ‫⷏ޔ‬Პ‫⷏ޔ‬㊁㇌ᒾ
ᜂᒰᢎຬ
቟⯃⧐㓶‫ޔ‬ਛ⼱๺ᒾ‫╣ޔ‬੗ብ᣿‫⌀ޔ‬᎑ືᦶ‫ޔ‬ട⮮ୃ㓶‫ޔ‬
ᄢ␹↰ᷕሶ‫ޔ‬ṚỈᔋ‫ޔ‬㋈ᧁஜਯ‫⮮ޔ‬Ⴆ቞‫ޔ‬Ꮉ੗ᷡᒾ‫ޔ‬
ኅ⵨㓉
ᦺᣣ৻‫ޔ‬㐳⼱Ꮉ❥ᒾ‫ᧄ᧻ޔ‬๺ᒾ‫ޔ‬੗਄ᕡ৻‫ޔ৻⚐⼱┻ޔ‬
㗇⮮ቁ৻‫ޔ‬ዊญᄙ⟤ᄦ‫⊕ޔ‬੗శ㔕
⼱Ỉసⴕ‫ޔ‬ጊญ᣿ੱ‫⷏ޔ‬Პ‫ޔ‬ጟፉବ⧷
Ḵญℂ৻㇢‫ޔ‬㣐የ㓉‫ޔ‬ᴧየᱜⴕ‫ޔ‬ᩙේ⡡‫ᧁ౎ޔ‬ᐽผ‫ޔ‬
ૼ᧛ᓼା‫ޔ‬ฎፒᤩม
⌀᎑ືᦶ‫⏷ޔ‬ጊᖗᦶ‫ޔ‬ศ↰㓁৻
቟⯃⧐㓶‫⌀ޔ‬᎑ືᦶ‫⮮ޔ‬Ⴆ቞‫ޔ‬Ꮉ੗ᷡᒾ
ട⮮ୃ㓶
― 21 ―
ኾ㐷ၮ␆ᢎ⢒ ಽሶൻቇ #
⑼⋡
ၮ␆᦭ᯏൻቇ
‛ℂቇ᭎⺰ +
㔚⏛᳇ቇ +
ᾲቇ࡮⛔⸘ജቇⷐ⺰
⩲ᴧసᤘ
ਛ⼱๺ᒾ‫ޔ‬㋈ᧁஜਯ
ᦺᣣ৻‫↰ޔ‬ਛᘕ৻㇢‫ޔ‬
ศ↰㓁৻‫ޔ‬ᬢ㊄ፄ
⏷ጊᖗᦶ‫ޔ‬ട⮮㦖ᅢ‫⊕ޔ‬੗శ㔕
㧠㧚࿖㓙੤ᵹ
㧝㧕ᵴേ⁁ᴫ
ᒰ⎇ⓥᚲߢߪ‫ޔ‬࿖㓙੤ᵹߩផㅴ߇⎇ⓥᚲߩᵴേߦߣߞߡ߭ߣߟߩ㊀ⷐߥⷐ࿃ߢ޽ࠆߣ޿߁⹺⼂ߦߚ
ߞߡ‫ޔ‬ᐔᚑ㧞ᐕ
߆ࠄ࿖㓙੤ᵹផㅴᆔຬળࠍ⸳⟎ߒߚ‫ޕ‬ᆔຬળߪ‫ޔ‬ᚲ㐳‫ޔ‬೽ᚲ㐳╬ᓎຬળ᭴ᚑຬ
߇ദ߼ߡ߅ࠅ‫ޔ‬ၫⴕㇱ߇࿖㓙੤ᵹߩផㅴߦⓍᭂ⊛ߦ㑐ਈߒߡ޿ࠆ‫ޕ‬
ᒰ⎇ⓥᚲߪ‫ޔ‬ᄖ࿖⎇ⓥᯏ㑐ߣቇⴚ੤ᵹදቯࠍ⚿ࠎߢ߅ࠅ‫ߩ⟵⻠࡮ࡓ࠙ࠫࡐࡦࠪޔ‬ታᣉ‫⎇ޔ‬ⓥ⠪╬ߩ
੤ᵹ‫ޔ‬ᖱႎ੤឵ߥߤࠍⴕߞߡ޿ࠆ‫ࠆߌ߅ߦ⎇↥ޕ‬ᐔᚑ ᐕᐲߩ‫ޔ‬දቯ✦⚿ᯏ㑐ߪએਅߩߣ߅ࠅߢ޽
ࠆ‫ޕ‬㧔ว⸘ ᯏ㑐㧦ᒰ⎇ⓥᚲ⡯ຬ߇ࠦࡦ࠲ࠢ࠻ࡄ࡯࠰ࡦࠍോ߼ࠆᄢቇ㑆දቯ߽฽߻㧕
࠼ࠗ࠷
ࡑࠣ࠺ࡉ࡞ࠣ࡮ࠝ࠶࠻࡯ࡈࠜࡦࠥ࡯࡝࠶ࠢᄢቇ⥄ὼ⑼ቇㇱ
ᐔᚑ
㨪
㖧࿖
㊍ᘮᄢቇᩞၮ␆⑼ቇ⎇ⓥᚲ
ᐔᚑ 㨪
࠼ࠗ࠷
࡙࡯࡝࠶ࡅ⎇ⓥ࠮ࡦ࠲࡯
ᐔᚑ 㨪
⧷࿖
࡙࠾ࡃ࡯ࠪ࠹ࠖࠞ࡟࠶ࠫࡠࡦ࠼ࡦ
ᐔᚑ 㨪
㖧࿖
㊍ጊ࿖┙ᄢቇᩞ⥄ὼ⑼ቇᄢቇ
ᐔᚑ 㨪
ᄢቇ㑆දቯ
㖧࿖
ṽ㓁ᄢቇ
ᐔᚑ 㨪
㧔*㨪ᄢቇ㑆ද
ቯ㧕
บḧ
࿖┙บḧᄢቇ
ᐔᚑ 㨪
㧔 * 㨪 ᄢ ቇ 㑆 ද
ቯ㧕
ࡈ࡜ࡦࠬ
ࡈ࡜ࡦࠬ࿖┙⑼ቇ⎇ⓥ࠮ࡦ࠲࡯
ᐔᚑ 㨪㧔ᄢ
ቇ㑆දቯ㧕
࠼ࠗ࠷
ࠕ࡯ࡋࡦᎿ⑼ᄢቇ
ᐔᚑ 㨪
㧔ᄢቇ㑆දቯ㧕
㖧࿖
ᘮዏᄢቇᩞᎿ⑼ᄢቇ
ᐔᚑ 㨪
㧔ᄢቇ㑆දቯ
㖧࿖
ᔘධ࿖┙ᄢቇᩞ⥄ὼ⑼ቇᄢቇ
ᐔᚑ 㨪
ਛ࿖
ർ੩ᄢቇᖱႎ⑼ቇᛛⴚቇ㒮
ᐔᚑ 㨪
บḧ
࿖┙บḧᏧ▸ᄢቇℂቇㇱ
ᐔᚑ 㨪
ࠬࠗࠬ
ࠫࡘࡀ࡯ࡉᄢቇℂቇㇱ
ᐔᚑ 㨪
ਛ࿖
ౝ⫥ฎᏧ▸ᄢቇൻቇ࡮ⅣႺ⑼ቇቇ㒮
ᐔᚑ 㨪
㖧࿖
㜞㤀ᄢቇᩞ⑼ቇᛛⴚᄢቇ
ᐔᚑ 㨪
― 22 ―
ࠗࡦ࠼
ࠗࡦ࠼Ꮏ⑼ᄢቇ࠺࡝࡯ᩞ
ᐔᚑ 㨪
㖧࿖
᥼࿦ᄢቇᩞཅᴰࡃࠗࠝ࠽ࡁ⎇ⓥᚲ
ᐔᚑ 㨪
࠼ࠗ࠷
ࠕ࠙ࠣࠬࡉ࡞ࠣᄢቇ
ᐔᚑ 㨪
ᄢቇ㑆දቯ
㖧࿖
ᶆ㗄Ꮏ⑼ᄢቇᩞⅣႺᎿቇㇱൻቇᎿቇ⑼
ᐔᚑ 㨪
ࡈࠖ࡝ࡇࡦ ࠺࡮࡜࡮ࠨ࡯࡞ᄢቇࠦࡦࡇࡘ࡯࠲⑼ቇㇱ
ᐔᚑ 㨪
㖧࿖
㖧࿖వ┵⑼ቇᛛⴚᄢቇᩞൻቇ⑼
ᐔᚑ 㨪
ࠛࠫࡊ࠻
ࠕࠪࡘ࡯࠻ᄢቇℂቇㇱ
ᐔᚑ 㨪
ࡌ࡞ࠡ࡯
᳢ᄢቇࡑࠗࠢࡠࠛ࡟ࠢ࠻ࡠ࠾ࠢࠬ࠮ࡦ࠲࡯
ᐔᚑ 㨪
ᒰ⎇ⓥᚲߦᚲዻߔࠆᄖ࿖ੱߪ‫ޔ‬ว⸘ ฬߢ‫ޔ‬ౝ⸶ߪ‫ޔ‬ഥᢎ㧔․છഥᢎ㧔Ᏹൕ㧕฽߻㧕 ฬ‫․ޔ‬છ⎇ⓥ
ຬ㧔Ᏹൕ㧕 ฬ‫ޔ‬㕖Ᏹൕᢎ⡯ຬ ฬ‫ޔ‬ᄢቇ㒮ඳ჻ᓟᦼ⺖⒟ ฬ‫ޔ‬ඳ჻೨ᦼ⺖⒟ ฬ‫․ޔ‬೎⎇ⓥ↢ ฬ
⎇ⓥ↢‫ ޔ‬ฬߢ޽ࠆ‫ޕ‬࿖೎ߪᰴߩߣ߅ࠅߢ޽ࠆ‫ޕ‬
ਛ࿖㧔㧕‫ޔ‬㖧࿖㧔㧕‫ࠗ࠲ޔ‬㧔㧕‫ޔ‬บḧ
‫ࡦࡇ࡝ࠖࡈޔ‬㧔㧕‫࠼ࡦࠗޔ‬㧔㧕‫ࡓ࠽࠻ࡌޔ‬㧔㧕‫ࠦࠪࠠࡔޔ‬
‫ࡘࠪ࠺࡜ࠣࡦࡃޔ‬㧔㧕‫࠷ࠗ࠼ޔ‬㧔㧕‫ࠕࠪࡠޔ‬㧔㧕‫ࠞ࡝ࡔࠕޔ‬㧔㧝㧕‫࡞ࠫ࡜ࡉޔ‬㧔㧕‫ࠬࡦ࡜ࡈޔ‬㧔㧕㧘
ࡒࡖࡦࡑ࡯㧔㧕‫ޔ‬
㧞㧕࿖ᄖߣߩ⎇ⓥ⠪ᓔ᧪㧔ᐔᚑ ᐕᐲ㧕
⎇ⓥ⠪ߩᶏᄖᵷ㆜ߪ‫ޔ‬ว⸘ ઙߢ޽ߞߚ‫⸰ޕ‬໧వߪ‫ޔࠕࠫࠕޔ‬ർ☨‫ޔࠕ࠾ࠕ࠮ࠝޔࡄ࠶ࡠ࡯࡛ޔ‬
ਛ᧲ߥߤᄙጘߦᷰߞߡ޿ࠆ‫ޕ‬
࿖ᄖ߆ࠄฃߌ౉ࠇߚ⎇ⓥ⠪ߪว⸘ ฬߢ޽ࠅ‫ޔ‬ౝ⸶ߪᰴߩߣ߅ࠅߢ޽ࠆ‫ޕ‬
ࠕࡔ࡝ࠞ㧔㧕‫ޔ‬㖧࿖㧔㧤㧕‫ޔ‬ਛ࿖
㧣‫ࠬ࡝ࠡࠗޔ‬㧔㧢㧕‫ࠬࡦ࡜ࡈޔ‬㧔㧡㧕‫
࠳࠽ࠞޔ‬㧠‫ࠕ࡝࠲ࠗޔ‬㧔㧟㧕‫ޔ‬
࠼ࠗ࠷
㧟‫
ࠕ࡝࡜࠻ࠬ࡯ࠝޔ‬㧞‫࠼ࡦ࡜࡯ࠫ࡯ࡘ࠾ޔ‬㧔㧞㧕‫
࠼ࡦ࡜࡯ࡐޔ‬㧞‫ޔ‬บḧ
㧝‫
ࠗ࠲ޔ‬㧝‫ޔ‬
ࡁ࡞࠙ࠚ࡯
㧝‫ࡘࠪ࠺࡜ࠣࡦࡃޔ‬㧔㧝㧕‫ࡦ࠲ࠬࠠࡄޔ‬㧔㧝㧕‫࡯ࠡ࡞ࡌޔ‬㧔㧝㧕‫࠳ࡦ࡜ࠝޔ‬㧔㧝㧕‫ࠫ࠙ࠨޔ‬
ࠕ࡜ࡆࠕ㧔㧝㧕‫ࠕࠪ࡯࡟ࡑޔ‬㧔㧝㧕
㧡㧚↥ᬺ⇇ߣߩ੤ᵹ
౒ห⎇ⓥ‫ޔ‬ฃ⸤⎇ⓥ‫ޔ‬ᛛⴚ⋧⺣ߥߤᒰ⎇ⓥᚲߣ↥ᬺ⇇ߣߩ੤ᵹ߇‫ޔ‬ฦᢎຬߦࠃߞߡ୘೎ߦᵴ⊒ߦⴕ
ࠊࠇߡ޿ࠆ‫ߦࠇߎޕ‬ട߃ߡ⎇ⓥᚲߣߒߡᐔᚑ ᐕᐲ߆ࠄ‫ࠍޠࡦࡠࠨࡁࠢ࠹⎇↥ޟ‬ᣂ⸳ߒߚ‫ߪࠇߎޕ‬
৻⥸⽷࿅ᴺੱᄢ㒋ᄢቇ↥ᬺ⑼ቇ⎇ⓥදળߣߩ౒ห੐ᬺߢ޽ࠆ‫ޕ‬ડᬺߩ⚻༡⠪߅ࠃ߮‫ޔ‬ᛛⴚ⠪ߣᒰ⎇ⓥ
ᚲߩ⎇ⓥ⠪ߩቯᦼ⊛ߥ੤ᵹߩ႐ࠍߟߊࠅ‫⎇ޔ‬ⓥᚑᨐࠍ↥ᬺ⇇ߦᐢߊ⹦ߒߊ⍮ߞߡ߽ࠄ߁ߣหᤨߦ↥⎇
஥߽↥ᬺ⇇ߩᛴ߃ߡ޿ࠆ໧㗴ࠍ⍮ࠅ‫⎇ޔ‬ⓥ࠹࡯ࡑߩ⊒ជߦᓎ┙ߡࠃ߁ߣ޿߁߽ߩߢ޽ࠆ‫⿰ߩߎޕ‬ᣦߦ
⾥หߔࠆડᬺߦળຬߦߥߞߡ޿ߚߛ߈‫ߦ⊛⛯⛮ޔ‬੤ᵹࠍⴕߞߡ޿ࠆ‫ޕ‬ᐔᚑ ᐕᐲߪ㧠࿁ߩળวࠍⴕ
ߞߚ‫ޕ‬
ߥ߅‫ޔ‬ᐔᚑ ᐕᐲࠃࠅᒰ⎇ⓥᚲߩᛛⴚࠪ࡯࠭ࠍ౏㐿ߒߡ㑐ᔃߩ޽ࠆડᬺߩෳടߢ⎇ⓥળࠍ⚵❱ߒ
ߡ੐ᬺൻࠍ⋡ᜰߔ⋡⊛ߢ‫ޟ‬ᣂ↥ᬺഃㅧ⎇ⓥળ‫ޕߚߒ⟎⸳ࠍޠ‬ᐔᚑ ᐕᐲߪ‫ޔ‬ඨዉ૕ᣂⷙൻቇࡊࡠ࠮
ࠬ⎇ⓥળࠍ ࿁㐿௅ߒߚ‫ޕ‬
‫ߩࡦࡠࠨࡁࠢ࠹⎇↥ޣ‬᭎ⷐ‫ޤ‬
٤╙㧝࿁‫ޟ‬ၮ␆⎇ⓥߣ↥ᬺᔕ↪ࠍ❬ߋ‫ޠ‬ᐔᚑ ᐕ ᦬ ᣣ
― 23 ―
࡮‫↥ޟ‬ᬺ⑼ቇ⎇ⓥᚲߩ⃻⁁ߣᣂߚߥዷ㐿‫ ޠ‬ᚲ㐳 ጊญ᣿ੱ
࡮‫ޟ‬ⅣႺ೙ᓮဳ࡮㜞ಽ⸃⢻ㅘㆊ㔚ሶ㗼ᓸ㏜ߦࠃࠆ࠽ࡁࡊࡠ࠮ࠬߩ⹏ଔ‫ ޠ‬ᢎ᝼ ┻↰♖ᴦ
࡮‫⎇࡯ࠔࡈ࡯ࡎࡦ࠙࡜ࡈޟ‬ⓥᚲߦ߅ߌࠆታ↪ൻ⎇ⓥ‫ ޠ‬+XKEC-QNCTKE
*GCFQH&GRCTVOGPV2TQEGUU'PIKPGGTKPIQH(WPEVKQPCN/CVGTKCNU
6JG(TCWPJQHGT+PUVKVWVGHQT/CPWHCEVWTKPI'PIKPGGTKPICPF#WVQOCVKQP
+2#
࡮‫᦭ޟ‬ᯏඨዉ૕ࠛ࡟ࠢ࠻ࡠ࠾ࠢࠬ‫ ޠ‬ᢎ᝼ ┻⼱⚐৻
٤╙㧞࿁‫ޟ‬㜞ᯏ⢻࡮቟ో࡮቟ᔃࠍ⋡ᜰߒߚᣂᛛⴚ㐿⊒ߣㅪ៤ଦㅴ‫ޠ‬ᐔᚑ ᐕ ᦬ ᣣ
࡮‫ޟ‬ᣂߚߥㅪ៤ߣߘߩ⊒ዷߦะߌߡ‫ ޠ‬ਛዊડᬺၮ⋚ᢛ஻ᯏ᭴ ㄭ⇰ᡰㇱ ⚻༡ᡰេㇱ
࡮‫ࠆࠃߦ࠲࠶ࡄࠬࡦࡠ࠻࡜ࡘ࠴࠽ޟ‬㜞ᯏ⢻⭯⤑ߩ㐿⊒‫ ޠ‬㧔ᩣ㧕࠽࠴ࡘ࡜࡮࠹ࠢࡁࡠࠫ࡯
࡮
‫ޟ‬ඨዉ૕ᑼࠟࠬ࠮ࡦࠨࠍ೑↪ߒߚࠟࠬࠢࡠߩᏒ႐ዷ㐿‫ ޠ‬ᣂࠦࠬࡕࠬ㔚ᯏ㧔ᩣ㧕
࡮‫ޟ‬ᄥ㓁శ⊒㔚ࠪࠬ࠹ࡓ⋙ⷞ࡙࠾࠶࠻‫ ޠ‬㧔ᩣ㧕ㄭ⸘ࠪࠬ࠹ࡓ
࡮
‫ߩࡏ࡜ࠆࠃߦࡓ࠹ࠬࠪࡓ࡯࡟ࡈޟ‬ᣣᧄᑼࡕࠫࡘ࡯࡞ൻ‫ ޠ‬ਃㅴ㊄ዻᎿᬺ㧔ᩣ㧕
࡮‫ޟ‬ቢోήṳᵨߩ㆙ᔃᑼࠨ࠾࠲࡝࡯ࡐࡦࡊ‫ ޠ‬ᄢ㒋ࠨ࠾࠲࡝࡯㊄ዻᎿᬺදห⚵ว
࡮
‫ޟ‬ᶰᎹࡅࡘ࡯࠹࠶ࠢߩ⵾ຠ᭎ⷐ߅ࠃ߮ᣂ⵾ຠዷ㐿‫ ޠ‬ᶰᎹࡅࡘ࡯࠹࠶ࠢ㧔ᩣ㧕
࡮‫ޟ‬ஜᐽ㘩ຠࡔ࡯ࠞ࡯ߦ߅ߌࠆ⵾ㅧᛛⴚ‫ ޠ‬㧔ᩣ㧕ࡈࠔࠗࡦ
࡮
‫ޟ‬㆙ᔃᚑᒻᴺߦࠃࠆ ᳇࿶ (42 ▤ߩ㐿⊒‫ ޠ‬㧔ᩣ㧕0$. ⎇ⓥᚲ
࡮ᄢ㒋ᄢቇ࡮⑼ቇᢎ⢒ᯏེ࡝ࡁࡌ࡯࡚ࠪࡦ࠮ࡦ࠲࡯ߩ⚫੺
࡮‫ࠬ࡞ࡄޟ‬㧺㧹㧾ṁᇦ✭๺ᴺࠍ↪޿ߚᶧਛ࠽ࡁ☸ሶ⴫㕙ߩࠠࡖ࡜ࠢ࠲࡝࠯࡯࡚ࠪࡦ‫ޠ‬
ᱞ↰ࠦࡠࠗ࠼࠹ࠢࡁ࡮ࠦࡦࠨ࡞࠹ࠖࡦࠣࢃ‫ޔ‬㧔ᩣ㧕ࡒ࠷ࡢࡈࡠࡦ࠹࠶ࠢ
٤╙㧟࿁࠹ࠢࡁࠨࡠࡦ࡮ࠬࡍࠪࡖ࡞‫ޟ‬᣿ࠆ޿ᣣᧄߩᧂ᧪␠ળߦะߌߡ‫ޠ‬ᐔᚑ ᐕ ᦬ ᣣ
࡮㐿ળ᜿ᜦ ✚㐳 ᐔ㊁ବᄦ
࡮‫੹ߣߢ߹ࠇߎߩ⎇↥ޟ‬ᓟߩዷᦸ‫ ޠ‬ฬ⹷ᢎ᝼ ᰨ↰ବ৻‫ޔ‬ᚲ㐳 ጊญ᣿ੱ
࡮‫ޟ‬ᣣᧄߩ᣿ࠆ޿ᧂ᧪␠ળߩߚ߼ߩൻቇ࡮ᛛⴚ࡮ࠗࡁࡌ࡯࡚ࠪࡦ‫ ޠ‬દ⮮ᔘవ┵ᛛⴚᚢ⇛⎇ⓥᚲ
ᚲ㐳 ᧻⷗⧐↵
࡮‫ޟ‬ᣂ࠺ࡃࠗࠬ߇ᜏߊࠗࡁࡌ࡯࡚ࠪࡦ㧙⿥㜞ㅦ࠻࡜ࡦࠫࠬ࠲ HEMT ߩ⺀↢ߣߘߩ⊒ዷ‫ޠ‬
ᩣᑼળ␠ን჻ㅢ⎇ⓥᚲ ࡈࠚࡠ࡯ ਃ᧛㜞ᔒ
࡮㐽ળ᜿ᜦ ೽ᚲ㐳 ቟⯃⧐㓶
٤╙㧠࿁‫ޟ‬ᓎߦ┙ߟࠪࡒࡘ࡟࡯࡚ࠪࡦ㧙ࠪ࡯࠭ߣ࠾࡯࠭ࠍតࠆ㧙‫ޠ‬ᐔᚑ ᐕ ᦬ ᣣ
࡮‫ޟ‬4& ࡊࡠ࠮ࠬߩ⥄േ࠺࡯࠲ࡌ࡯ࠬൻߦࠃࠆ⎇ⓥ㐿⊒ߩല₸ൻ‫ ޠ‬㧔ᩣ㧕ࠠࡖ࠻࡞ࠕࠗ࡮ࠨࠗࠛࡦࠬ
ઍ⴫ข✦ᓎ ਄ፉ ⼾
࡮‫ޟ‬㔚ሶᯏེ࡮㔚ሶㇱຠߩା㗬ᕈ⏕଻ߩߚ߼ߩ㧯㧭㧱ߩᵴ↪‫ޠ‬㧔ᩣ㧕㧿㨕㧹㧞㧠 ข✦ᓎ ၂㊁ ቇ
࡮‫ޟ‬52+%' ࠍ↪޿ߚ࠺ࡃࠗࠬၮ᧼ߩ㆙⿒ᄖ✢ടᾲᎿ⒟ߩ᷷ᐲ੍᷹ᚻᴺ‫࡯ࠫࡠࡁࠢ࠹ࠬࠢ࠶࡟ࠗࠤޠ‬㧔ᩣ㧕
ࠪ࠾ࠕࠦࡦࠨ࡞࠲ࡦ࠻ਛᨋ໪ม
࡮‫ޟ‬Ꮧ⭯᳇૕࡮ࡊࡠ࠮ࠬࡊ࡜࠭ࡑࠪࡒࡘ࡟࡯࡚ࠪࡦ‫ࠕࠚ࠙࠻ࡈ࠰ࠬࠨࠟࡍ ޠ‬㧔ᩣ㧕㐿⊒ᧄㇱ
ข✦ᓎ ↰ਛᱜ᣿
࡮‫৻╙ޟ‬ේℂ⸘▚ߣࡑ࠹࡝ࠕ࡞࠭࠺ࠩࠗࡦ‫ ޠ‬ᢎ᝼ ዊญᄙ⟤ᄦ
― 24 ―
㧢㧚߹ߣ߼
⺖㗴ߣዷᦸ
㧝㧕⚵❱࡮ㆇ༡
ᒰ⎇ⓥᚲߪ‫ޔ‬ᐔᚑ ᐕ ᦬ ᣣߦᡷ⚵ࠍⴕ޿‫ ޔ‬ኾછ⎇ⓥಽ㊁ࠍ‫ࠇߙࠇߘޔ‬㧣ಽ㊁ߕߟߩ╙㧝⎇
ⓥㇱ㐷㧔ᖱႎ࡮㊂ሶ⑼ቇ♽㧕‫╙ޔ‬㧞⎇ⓥㇱ㐷㧔᧚ᢱ࡮ࡆ࡯ࡓ⑼ቇ♽㧕‫╙ޔ‬㧟⎇ⓥㇱ㐷㧔↢૕࡮ಽሶ⑼ቇ
♽㧕ߣ‫ޔ‬㧢ኾછ⎇ⓥಽ㊁߆ࠄߥࠆ↥ᬺ⑼ቇ࠽ࡁ࠹ࠢࡁࡠࠫ࡯࠮ࡦ࠲࡯ߦౣ✬ߒߚ‫ޕ‬ᣂߚߦ↥ᬺ⑼ቇㅪ
៤ᢎ⢒ផㅴ࠮ࡦ࠲࡯‫ޔ‬࿖㓙౒ห⎇ⓥ࠮ࡦ࠲࡯ࠍ⸳ߌ‫ޔ‬࿖㓙౒ห⎇ⓥ࠮ࡦ࠲࡯ߩਅߦߪ࿖㓙ㅪ៤⎇ⓥ࡜
ࡏߩ⸳⟎ࠍㅴ߼ߡ޿ࠆ‫ޕ‬ᣢߦ⧷࿖‫ޔ‬ਛ࿖‫ޔ‬㖧࿖‫ߩࡦࡇ࡝ࠖࡈޔ‬㧡ᄢቇߣߩ㑆ߢ࿖㓙ㅪ៤⎇ⓥ࡜ࡏ߇⸳
⟎ߐࠇߡ޿ࠆ‫᧚ޕ‬ᢱ⸃ᨆ࠮ࡦ࠲࡯ߣ㔚ሶ㗼ᓸ㏜ቶࠍ⛔วߒ‫ޔ‬ᖱႎ߿↢૕ߩ⸃ᨆ߽฽߻✚ว⸃ᨆ࠮ࡦ࠲
࡯߳ߣ᜛లߒߚ‫ޕ‬ᐔᚑ ᐕᐲߩ⵬ᱜ੍▚ߦ߅޿ߡ‫✚ޔ‬ว⸃ᨆ࠮ࡦ࠲࡯ߪ‫⾰ޔ‬㊂ಽᨆⵝ⟎‫ޔ‬0/4 ⵝ⟎‫ޔ‬
: ✢࿁᛬ⵝ⟎╬߇ߔߴߡᦨᣂߩ߽ߩߦ৻ᣂߐࠇ‫♽‛↢ޔ‬㧟ᰴర࠻ࡕࠣ࡜ࡈࠖ࡯㔚ሶ㗼ᓸ㏜߇ᣂߚߦ⸳
⟎ߐࠇࠆߥߤ‫ޔ‬㘧べ⊛ߦ᜛లߐࠇߚ‫ޔߚ߹ޕ‬㊂ሶࡆ࡯ࡓታ㛎ቶࠍ‫ޔߖߐ┙⁛ࠄ߆࡯࠲ࡦ࠮ࠢ࠹ࡁ࠽ޔ‬
㊂ሶࡆ࡯ࡓ⑼ቇ⎇ⓥᣉ⸳ߣߒߡ‫౒ޔ‬ห⎇ⓥߩ೑ଢᕈࠍะ਄ߐߖߚ‫ޕ‬ᖱႎࡀ࠶࠻ࡢ࡯ࠢቶ‫ޔ‬ᐢႎቶߩᵴ
േ߽ᵴ⊒ߦⴕࠊࠇߡ޿ࠆ‫ޕ‬
ᡷ⚵ߦࠃࠅ‫ߩߡߴߔߪ⎇↥ޔ‬ኾછ⎇ⓥቶ߇ᢎ᝼࡮ಎᢎ᝼࡮ഥᢎ㧝㧦㧝㧦㧞ߩ૕೙ߦౣ✬ߐࠇߚ‫ߎޕ‬
ߩࠃ߁ߥࡈ࡞ࠨࠗ࠭⎇ⓥቶ೙ߪ‫⎇ޔ‬ⓥᚲߦ߅ߌࠆ਎⇇⊛࡟ࡌ࡞ߩ⎇ⓥㆀⴕߦߪᄢᄌ᦭ലߥ૕೙ߢ޽ࠆ
߇‫৻ޔ‬ᣇߢ‫᦭ޔ‬⢻ߥ⧯ᚻߩ⁛┙߇ㆃࠇࠆ໧㗴߇޽ࠆ‫⸃ࠍࠇߎޕ‬᳿ߔࠆߚ߼ߦ‫․ޔ‬೎ࡊࡠࠫࠚࠢ࠻⎇ⓥ
ㇱ㐷ࠍᣂ⸳ߒ‫ޔ‬ᚲౝ౏൐ㆬᛮߦࠃࠅఝ⑲ߥ⧯ᚻഥᢎࠍછᦼઃ߈ಎᢎ᝼ߦ⊓↪ߒ‫⎇ߚߒ┙⁛ޔ‬ⓥቶ࡮੍
▚࡮ࠬ࠲࠶ࡈߩ㈩⟎ࠍᐔᚑ ᐕᐲ߆ࠄᲤᐕ㧝ฬណ↪ߒߡ޿ࠆ‫ޕ‬
ᐔᚑ ᐕ ᦬ߦߪ‫ࡦ࡚ࠪ࡯ࡌࡘࠠࡦࠗ⎇↥ޔ‬᫟߇┫Ꮏߒߚ‫ޔߪࠇߎޕ‬㒋ᄢೋߩ̌+PFWUVT[QP%CORWU̍
ࠍታ⃻ߔࠆᣉ⸳ߢ‫ޔ‬ᣂ⡞╬ߢ߽ᄢ߈ߊႎ㆏ߐࠇ‫ߩ⎇↥ޔ‬ᣂߚߥ↥ቇㅪ៤ߩ᜚ὐߣߒߡᄢᄌᦼᓙࠍ㓸߼
ߡ޿ࠆ‫ࡦ࡚ࠪ࡯ࡌࡘࠠࡦࠗޕ‬᫟ࠍᵴ↪ߒߚ↥ቇㅪ៤ߩផㅴߣડᬺ࡝ࠨ࡯࠴ࡄ࡯ࠢߩ▤ℂㆇ༡ߩߚ߼‫ޔ‬
↥ቇㅪ៤ቶߩᒝൻߒ‫ޔࡏ࡜ࡦࡊ࡯ࠝޔ‬ᚲౝࡊࡠࠫࠚࠢ࠻ࠬࡍ࡯ࠬߣડᬺ࡟ࡦ࠲࡞ࠬࡍ࡯ࠬࠍ⛔৻⊛ߦ
▤ℂߔࠆߚ߼‫▤ࡏ࡜ࡦࡊ࡯ࠝࠢ࠹ࡁ࠽ߩߢ߹ࠇߎޔ‬ℂቶࠍ↥⎇ࠝ࡯ࡊࡦ࡜ࡏ▤ℂቶ߳ߣᡷ✬ߒߚ‫ޕ‬
ߐࠄߦ‫ޔ‬ᐔᚑ ᐕ ᦬‫ޔ‬ᚒ߇࿖ೋߩ㧡ᄢቇ㒝⟎⎇ߦࠃࠆో࿖❑ᢿࡀ࠶࠻ࡢ࡯ࠢဳ⎇ⓥ᜚ὐ߇⊒⿷
ߒߚ‫ޔߪࠇߎޕ‬ᢥ⑼⋭ߦࠃࠆో࿖౒ห೑↪࡮౒ห⎇ⓥ᜚ὐ೙ᐲᡷ㕟ߩ⋡₹ߩ৻ߟߣ⸒߃ࠆ߽ߩߢ‫↥ޔ‬
⎇ߪߎߩ᜚ὐᧄㇱߣߒߡ㊀⽿ࠍᜂߞߡ޿ࠆ‫ࠢ࡯ࡢ࠻࠶ࡀޕ‬᜚ὐࠍ⿷႐ߣߒߚ㧡ᄢቇ㒝⟎⎇ⓥᚲ㑆ࡊࡠ
ࠫࠚࠢ࠻ߩផㅴߣ૬ߖߡ‫▤ࠍࠄࠇߎޔ‬ℂㆇ༡ߔࠆ੐ോ૕೙ߩᒝൻࠍ࿑ߞߚ‫ޕ‬
↥⎇ߩㆇ༡ߪ‫ోޔ‬ᢎ᝼ߢ᭴ᚑߐࠇࠆᢎ᝼ળߩੌᛚߩ߽ߣ‫ޔ‬ᚲ㐳ߩਅߦᓎຬળࠍ⸳⟎ߒߡ‫ޔ‬㧠ੱߩ೽
ᚲ㐳߇ߘࠇߙࠇ‫ੱޔ‬੐࡮ഭോ‫⎇ޔ‬ⓥડ↹࡮↥ቇㅪ៤‫⽷ޔ‬ോ࡮ᣉ⸳‫ޔ‬ᢎ⢒࡮ᐢႎࠍᜂᒰߒ‫ޔ‬ㄦㅦߥᗧᔒ
᳿ቯߣᨵエߥㆇ༡ࠍน⢻ߦߒߡ޿ࠆ‫ߩߎޕ‬ㆇ༡ߩ⻁໧ᯏ㑐ߣߒߡ‫ޔ‬ᄖㇱᆔຬࠍട߃ߚㆇ༡ද⼏ળ߇⸳
⟎ߐࠇഥ⸒ࠍᓧߡ޿ࠆ‫ޔߚ߹ޕ‬᜚ὐᧄㇱߩㆇ༡ߪ‫ޔ‬᜚ὐᧄㇱળ⼏‫ޔ‬᜚ὐㆇ༡ᆔຬળ࡮౒ห⎇ⓥផㅴᆔ
ຬળ߇↥⎇ߦ⸳⟎ߐࠇߡ޿ࠆ‫ޕ‬
㧞㧕⎇ⓥ㧔੍▚࡮⸳஻࡮ᵴേ㧕
↥⎇ߪ‫ޔ‬㨬᧚ᢱ㨭㨮㨬ᖱႎ㨭㨮㨬↢૕㨭ࠍࠠ࡯ࡢ࡯࠼ߦ‫ᦨޔ‬వ┵ߩ⑼ቇࠍ↥ᬺߦ↢߆ߔߎߣࠍ⋡ᜰߒߡ‫ޔ‬ኾ
㐷ಽ㊁ߩოࠍ⿧߃ߚቇ㓙Ⲣว⎇ⓥࠍዷ㐿ߒߡ߈ߚ‫ޕ‬ᚲຬ୘‫⎇ߩޘ‬ⓥ㕙ߦ߅ߌࠆታ❣ߪ‫ޔ‬ᄢ߈޿ᄖㇱ⾗
㊄₪ᓧ‫ޔ‬ᢥㇱ⑼ቇᄢ⤿⾨╬ࠍೋ߼ߣߔࠆฦ⒳ߩฃ⾨‫⸵․ޔ‬಴㗿╬ߦ෻ᤋߐࠇߡ޿ࠆ‫⧯ߦ․ޕ‬ᚻᢎຬߢ
‫⧯ޟޔޠߌ߇߈ߐޟ‬ᚻ㧿‫ߦߤߥޠ‬ណᛯߐࠇࠆᢙ߇ᄙߊ‫ޔ‬ᢥㇱ⑼ቇᄢ⤿⾨⧯ᚻ⑼ቇ⠪⾨ߩฃ⾨⠪߽ᄙ޿‫ޕ‬
ᄢቇ㒮↢ߢ‫ޔ‬ᣣᧄቇⴚᝄ⥝ળ․೎⎇ⓥຬߦណ↪ߐࠇߡ޿ࠆᲧ₸ߩ㜞޿ߎߣ߽․╩ߐࠇࠆ‫ᦨޔߚ߹ޕ‬వ
┵⎇ⓥ㐿⊒ᡰេࡊࡠࠣ࡜ࡓߦ߅޿ߡ߽‫ోޔ‬࿖ ⺖㗴㧔㒋ᄢߢ㧞ઙ㧕ߦណᛯߐࠇߚ߁ߜ‫ߩ⎇↥ޔ‬Ꮉว
․છᢎ᝼ࠍ࡝࡯࠳࡯ߣߔࠆ‫ޟ‬㕟ᣂ࠽ࡁࡃࠗࠝ࠺ࡃࠗࠬߩ㐿⊒⎇ⓥ‫߇࠻ࠢࠚࠫࡠࡊޠ‬ណᛯߐࠇߡ޿ࠆ‫ޕ‬
ߐࠄߦ‫ޔ‬ᚲో૕ߣߒߡ߽‫ޔ‬ᐔᚑ ᐕߦ↥ᬺ⑼ቇ࠽ࡁ࠹ࠢࡁࡠࠫ࡯࠮ࡦ࠲࡯߇ో࿖ߦవ㚟ߌߡ⸳⟎ߐ
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ࠇ‫✚࡯ࠫࡠࡁࠢ࠹ࡁ࠽ޔ‬ว⎇ⓥ᫟߿㒋ᄢⶄวᯏ⢻࠽ࡁࡈࠔ࠙ࡦ࠳࡝ߥߤ߽ᢛ஻ߐࠇߡ‫ޔ‬ᢥሼㅢࠅ‫ޔ‬ᚒ
߇࿖࠽ࡁࠨࠗࠛࡦࠬ⎇ⓥߩਛᔃߩ৻ߟߣߥߞߡ޿ࠆ‫ޕ‬࿖┙ᄢቇᴺੱൻᓟೋߩᄢቇ⎇ⓥᚲ㑆ㅪ៤ߩขࠅ
⚵ߺߣߒߡ‫ޔ‬ᐔᚑ ᐕߦ᧲ർᄢቇᄙర‛⾰⑼ቇ⎇ⓥᚲߣߩ㑆ߢ‫ޔ‬ᣂ↥ᬺഃㅧ‛⾰ၮ⋚ᛛⴚ⎇ⓥ࠮ࡦ
࠲࡯⊒⿷‫ߦࠄߐޔ‬⠉ᐕ‫ޔ‬ർᄢ㔚ሶ⎇‫᧲ޔ‬Ꮏᄢ⾗Ḯ⎇ࠍട߃ߡ㧠ᄢቇ㒝⟎⎇ⓥᚲࠕ࡜ࠗࠕࡦࠬࠍᒻᚑߒ
ߡㅪ៤⎇ⓥࠍផㅴߒߚ‫ߩߘޕ‬ታ❣߇⹺߼ࠄࠇ‫ޔ‬਄⸥㧠⎇ⓥᚲߦ਻ᄢవዉ⎇ࠍട߃ߚ㧡㒝⟎⎇ⓥᚲ㑆ㅪ
៤‫ࡓ࠹ࠬࠪ࡮ࠬࠗࡃ࠺⾰‛ߋߥߟࠍࡠࠢࡑߣࡁ࠽ޟ‬ഃ⵾ᚢ⇛ࡊࡠࠫࠚࠢ࠻‫ߩߎߪ⎇↥ޕߚߒ⿷⊒߇ޠ‬
ࡀ࠶࠻ࡢ࡯ࠢߩ᜚ὐᧄㇱࠍോ߼‫ోޔ‬࿖ᦨᄢߩ✚วℂᎿಽ㊁ߦ߅ߌࠆࡀ࠶࠻ࡢ࡯ࠢ᜚ὐߣߒߡߩᦼᓙߣ
⽿છ߽ᄢ߈޿‫ޕ‬
⎇ⓥⅣႺߩᡷༀ߽ㅴࠎߢ߅ࠅ‫╙ޔ‬ੑ⎇ⓥ᫟
ᐔᚑ ᐕᐲ‫✚࡯ࠫࡠࡁࠢ࠹ࡁ࠽ޔ‬ว⎇ⓥ᫟
ᐔᚑ ᐕᐲߩ┫Ꮏߦᒁ߈⛯߈‫⺖ߩߢ߹੹ޔ‬㗴ߢ޽ߞߚ╙৻⎇ⓥ᫟ߩᡷୃᎿ੐ࠍᐔᚑ ᐕᐲᧃߢቢੌߒ‫ߐޔ‬
ࠄߦᐔᚑ ᐕᐲߦߪ▤ℂ᫟ߩᡷୃᎿ੐ߩቢੌߣ‫↥ޔ‬ቇㅪ៤ߩᣂߚߥ᜚ὐߣߒߡࠗࡦࠠࡘࡌ࡯࡚ࠪࡦ
᫟߇┫Ꮏߒߚ‫ޔߚ߹ޕ‬ᐔᚑ ᐕᐲߦߪ‫⎇↥ޔ‬ᱜ㕙㓏Ბ๟ㄝߣ࠹࠾ࠬࠦ࡯࠻ߩᡷୃ߇ቢੌߒ‫߳⎇↥ޔ‬
ߩࠕࡊࡠ࡯࠴߇㐿᡼⊛ߦ࡝࠾ࡘ࡯ࠕ࡞ߒߚ‫ޕ‬
↥⎇ߩ⸳஻ߪ‫ ޔ‬ᐕᐲ⵬ᱜ੍▚ߦ߅޿ߡ‫✚ޔ‬ว⸃ᨆ࠮ࡦ࠲࡯ߦᦨవ┵⸃ᨆᯏེ߇ዉ౉ߐࠇߚߩߦട
߃ߡ‫ޟޔ‬ૐ὇⚛␠ળ᭴▽ߦะߌߚ⎇ⓥၮ⋚ࡀ࠶࠻ࡢ࡯ࠢᢛ஻੐ᬺ‫߇ޠ‬ណᛯߐࠇ‫ᦨ࡯ࠫࡠࡁࠢ࠹ࡁ࠽ޔ‬
వ┵ᯏེ߿㜞ᕈ⢻㔚ሶ㗼ᓸ㏜ࠍ⸳⟎‫ޔ‬ᐔᚑ 23 ᐕᐲߦߪᒝജ⭯⤑ X ✢࿁ᨆⵝ⟎ࠍᣂߚߦ⸳⟎ߒ‫ޔ‬㘧べ
⊛ߥ᜛ల߇ታ⃻ߒߚ‫ޕ‬
㧟㧕ᢎ⢒
ᒰ⎇ⓥᚲߩᢎຬ㒯ߪ‫ޔ‬ℂ‫ޔ‬Ꮏ‫ޔ‬ㄘ‫ޔ⮎ޔ‬ၮᎿߣࡃ࡜ࠛ࠹ࠖ࡯ߦንࠎߛᢎຬߩߺߥࠄߕ‫↥ޔ‬ᬺ⇇ߩ⎇
ⓥ⠪ߩදജ߽ᓧߡ޿ࠆߚ߼‫ޔ‬ቇ໧⊛‫ޔ‬ኾ㐷⊛ߥᢎ⢒߇ⴕࠊࠇߡ޿ࠆ‫ޕ‬ฦᢎຬߪ⎇ⓥ⑼ߩᢎ⢒߿ోቇ౒
ㅢᢎ⢒ߦ߽දജߔࠆߣߣ߽ߦ‫ޔ‬Ꮏቇ⎇ⓥ⑼ⅣႺ࡮ࠛࡀ࡞ࠡ࡯Ꮏቇኾ᡹ߩදജࠍᓧߡ‫ࡁ࠽ޔ‬Ꮏቇߩ㓸ਛ
⻠⟵ࠍ↥⎇⁛⥄ߩᄢቇ㒮ࡊࡠࠣ࡜ࡓߣߒߡታᣉߒߡ޿ࠆ‫ޕ‬ቇ↢ߦ߅޿ߡߪ‫ޔ‬ቇㇱ↢‫ޔ‬ᄢቇ㒮↢⚂ ฬ߇ ߟደᩮߩਅߢ⎇ⓥ‫ޔ‬ീቇߦബࠎߢ޿ࠆ‫․ޕ‬ᓽ⊛ߥߩߪ‫ޔ‬ℂቇ‫ޔ‬Ꮏቇ‫ޔ‬ၮ␆Ꮏቇ‫⮎ޔ‬ቇ‫↢ޔ‬๮ᯏ
⢻‫ޔ‬ᖱႎ⑼ቇߥߤ᭽‫ߥޘ‬ಽ㊁ߩቇ↢ࠍฃߌ౉ࠇߡ޿ࠆߎߣߢ޽ࠅ‫ޔ‬ᨒߦߣࠄࠊࠇߥ޿⥄↱ߥ⊒ᗐ࡮ᕁ
⠨ࠍ㙃߁ߣ౒ߦ‫⎇ޔ‬ⓥߩ⃻႐ߦ߅ߌࠆᄢቇ㒮ᢎ⢒ࠍ㊀ⷞߒߡ޿ࠆ‫ޔߚ߹ޕ‬4# ࠍណ↪ߔࠆߣߣ߽ߦ‫ࡐޔ‬
ࠬ࠼ࠢណ↪߽ᐕ‫ޘ‬Ⴧ߃‫ޔ‬㒮↢ߣߒߡ⎇ⓥߦᦝߦኒ⌕ߢ߈ࠆ૕೙ߣߥߞߡ޿ࠆ‫ޕ‬
਎⇇ߢᵴべߢ߈ࠆ⎇ⓥ⠪⢒ᚑߩߚ߼‫ޔ‬࿖㓙ቇળ಴Ꮸេഥ߿⪺ฬᄖ࿖ੱߩ᜗ᓙ࠮ࡒ࠽࡯‫ޔ‬࿖㓙ࠪࡦࡐ
ࠫ࠙ࡓߥߤࠍㅢߓߡ‫ޔ‬㒮↢ᢎ⢒ߩ࿖㓙ൻࠍ࿑ࠅ‫৻ޔ‬ᵹߩ⎇ⓥ⠪ࠍヘ಴ߒߡ޿ࠆ‫ޕ‬ᐔᚑ ᐕߦߎࠇࠄ
ߩᢎ⢒⽸₂ᵴേࠍ৻ጀផㅴߔࠆߚ߼‫↥ޔ‬ᬺ⑼ቇㅪ៤ᢎ⢒ផㅴ࠮ࡦ࠲࡯߇⸳⟎ߐࠇߚ‫ޕ‬࿖㓙ㅪ៤⎇ⓥ࡜
ࡏࠍㅢߓߚቇ↢੤ᵹ‫ࡦ࡚ࠪ࡯ࡌࡘࠠࡦࠗޔ‬᫟ડᬺ࡝ࠨ࡯࠴ࡄ࡯ࠢߦ߅ߌࠆࠗࡦ࠲࡯ࡦࠪ࠶ࡊߩታ⃻ߥ
ߤߦขࠅ⚵ࠎߢ޿߈ߚ޿‫ޕ‬
㧠㧕␠ળߣߩㅪ៤࡮␠ળ⽸₂
ᐔᚑ ᐕߦ↥ቇㅪ៤ቶࠍ⸳⟎ߔࠆߣߣ߽ߦ‫ޔ‬ᣂ↥ᬺഃᚑ⎇ⓥㇱ㐷ࠍ⸳⟎ߒ‫↥ޔ‬ቇㅪ៤ߦขࠅ⚵ࠎߢ
߈ߚ‫⎇↥ޕ‬දળߪ↥⎇ߣߪ⁛┙ߒ⸳⟎ߐࠇߚᄖㇱ࿅૕ߢ޽ࠆ߇‫ߣ⎇↥ޔ‬දജߒ‫ޔࡦࡠࠨࡁࠢ࠹⎇↥ޔ‬
ᣂ↥ᬺഃㅧ⎇ⓥળߥߤߩ↥ቇㅪ៤ᵴേߦขࠅ⚵ࠎߢ߈ߚ‫ޕ‬
ᐔᚑ ᐕߦ┫Ꮏߒߚࠗࡦࠠࡘࡌ࡯࡚ࠪࡦ᫟ߦߪ‫ޔ‬ડᬺ࡝ࠨ࡯࠴ࡄ࡯ࠢࠍ⸳ߌ‫ޔ‬ડᬺߩࠨ࠹࡜ࠗ࠻⎇
ⓥቶ㧔ᐔᚑ ᐕ ᦬⃻࿷ ␠㧕ࠍ⺃⥌ߒߡߐࠄߦታ〣⊛ߥ↥ᬺൻ⎇ⓥߦขࠅ⚵߻૕೙ࠍᢛ߃ߚ‫ߎޕ‬
ߎࠍ⥰บߦ‫ߣ⎇↥ޔ‬ડᬺߩ౒ห⎇ⓥߦࠃࠆࠝ࡯ࡊࡦࠗࡁࡌ࡯࡚ࠪࡦࠍ⋡ᜰߔ‫ޕ‬
ᐔᚑ ᐕߦߪડᬺᐙㇱߦࠃࠆ․೎⻠Ṷળ‫ޟ‬ડᬺᦨ೨✢‫ࠍޠ‬㧟࿁㐿௅ߒ‫ᦨޔ‬వ┵ߩ⎇ⓥౝኈߩߺߥࠄ
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ߕ‫ޔ‬ቇ↢ߦߪዞ⡯ᵴേߦ߅ߌࠆᖱႎ෼㓸ߩ႐ߣߒߡ߽ᵴ↪ߐࠇߡ޿ࠆ‫ޕ‬
৻ᣇ‫ޔ‬࿾ၞ߳ߩ⽸₂ᵴേߣߒߡ‫ޔ‬ᛛⴚቶ࡮㒋ᄢⶄวᯏ⢻࠽ࡁࡈࠔ࠙ࡦ࠳࡝ߦࠃࠆ࠽ࡁ࠹ࠢℂ⑼ᢎቶ࡮
߽ߩߠߊࠅᢎቶ߇․╩ߢ߈ࠆขࠅ⚵ߺߢ޽ࠆ‫ޔߪࠇߎޕ‬ෳട⠪ࠍ᛽ㆬߢ೙㒢ߒߥߌࠇ߫ߥࠄߥ޿߶ߤ
ᄢ⋓ᴫߢ‫ߢࡆ࡟࠹࡞ࡉ࡯ࠤޔ‬᡼ᤋߐࠇࠆߥߤੱ᳇߇޽ࠆ‫ޕ‬
㧡㧕࿖㓙੤ᵹ
ᒰ⎇ⓥᚲߦߣߞߡ‫ޔ‬࿖㓙੤ᵹߪ㊀ⷐߥᵴേߩ㧝ߟߢ޽ࠆ‫ޕ‬ᄖ࿖ੱ⎇ⓥ⠪ߩฃߌ౉ࠇߦട߃‫ޔ‬ᄖ࿖⎇
ⓥᯏ㑐ߣቇⴚ੤ᵹࠍ⚿߱ߎߣߢ‫ޔ‬࿖Ⴚࠍ⿧߃ߚ੤ᵹ࡮ᖱႎ੤឵ࠍⴕߞߡ޿ࠆ‫ޕ‬Ფᐕ ᢙฬߩᄖ࿖ੱ
⇐ቇ↢ࠍฃ౉ࠇࠆߣߣ߽ߦ‫ޔ‬ᄖ࿖ੱ⎇ⓥ⠪‫ޔ‬ᄖ࿖ੱቴຬᢎ᝼߇↥⎇ߩ⎇ⓥߦ៤ࠊߞߡ߅ࠅ‫ޔ‬࿖㓙੤ᵹ
ࡄ࡯࠹ࠖ࡯╬ߢ⇐ቇ↢ߩჿࠍ⋥ធ෻ᤋߢ߈ࠆ႐߽⸳ߌߡ޿ࠆ‫ޔߚ߹ޕ‬ᐔᚑ ᐕᐲࠃࠅᒰ⎇ⓥᚲਥ௅ߢ
࿖㓙ળ⼏ࠍ㐿௅ߒߡ޿ࠆ‫↥ޕ‬ᬺ⑼ቇ࠽ࡁ࠹ࠢࡁࡠࠫ࡯࠮ࡦ࠲࡯ߦߪᏱᤨᄖ࿖ੱ⎇ⓥ⠪ࠍ᜗⡜ߔࠆߚ߼
ߩቴຬᢎ᝼‫ޔ‬ಎᢎ᝼ࡐࠬ࠻ࠍ㧞ߟ↪ᗧߒߡ޿ࠆ߶߆‫ޔ‬࿖㓙౒ห⎇ⓥ࠮ࡦ࠲࡯ࠍ⸳⟎ߒߡ⛮⛯⊛ߥᄖ੤
ੱ⎇ⓥ⠪ߣߩ੤ᵹࠍ࿑ߞߡ޿ࠆ‫ޔߪ࡯࠲ࡦ࠮ߩߎޕ‬ㅢᏱߩ࠮ࡦ࠲࡯ߣߪ⇣ߥࠅ‫ޔ‬ቇⴚ੤ᵹදቯࠍ✦⚿
ߒߚ⋧ᚻవߩ⎇ⓥቶࠍㅪ៤⎇ⓥ࡜ࡏߣߒߡ⋧੕ߦฃߌ౉ࠇ‫ޔ‬ㅪ៤⎇ⓥ࡜ࡏߩ㓸ว૕ߣߒߡ࠮ࡦ࠲࡯ࠍ
᭴ᚑߔࠆ‫⃻ޕ‬࿷‫ޔ‬ਛ࿖‫ޔ‬㖧࿖‫⧷ޔ‬࿖‫ߦࡦࡇ࡝ࠖࡈޔ‬㧡ߟߩㅪ៤࡜ࡏ߇⸳⟎ߐࠇߡ߅ࠅ‫ߦࠎ⋓ޔ‬੤ᵹࠍ
ⴕߞߡ޿ࠆ‫ޕ‬
㧢㧕዁᧪⸘↹
ᐔᚑ ᐕᐲߩ↥⎇ᡷ⚵‫ࡦ࡚ࠪ࡯ࡌࡘࠠࡦࠗޔ‬᫟┫Ꮏߦࠃࠆડᬺ࡝ࠨ࡯࠴ࡄ࡯ࠢߩ൐㓸㐿ᆎ‫ޔ‬ᐔᚑ
ᐕᐲߩ ᄢቇ㒝⟎⎇ⓥᚲߦࠃࠆࡀ࠶࠻ࡢ࡯ࠢဳ‫࡮⾰‛ޟ‬㩍㩨㩔㩨㨼㩇㗔ၞ౒ห⎇ⓥ᜚ὐ‫ޔ⿷⊒ޠ‬ᐔᚑ ᐕ
ᐲߦߪ਎⇇ᦨᄢߩ࠽ࡁ࠹ࠢ⎇ⓥᯏ㑐 KOGE ߣ౒ห⎇ⓥදቯࠍ✦⚿ߔࠆ╬‫ߪ⎇↥ޔ‬ᣂߒ޿ᤨઍߦะߌߡᡷ
㕟ࠍㅴ߼ߡ޿ࠆ‫ޕ‬ᐔᚑ ᐕᐲߦߪ੹ᓟߩ⸘↹ߣߒߡએਅߩ᭽ߥ㗄⋡ࠍផㅴߔࠆ੍ቯߢ޽ࠆ‫ޕ‬
㧔⚵❱࡮ㆇ༡࡮␠ળ⽸₂㧕
࡮㧟ᄢ⎇ⓥㇱ㐷࡮㧝࠽ࡁ࠹ࠢ࠮ࡦ࠲࡯೙ߩ౞Ṗߥㆇ༡ߣቇ㓙Ⲣวဳ⎇ⓥߩផㅴ
࡮✚ว⸃ᨆ࠮ࡦ࠲࡯‫ޔ‬㊂ሶࡆ࡯ࡓ⑼ቇ⎇ⓥᣉ⸳ߥߤ‫ޔ‬ᣂߚߦౣ✬⸳⟎ߐࠇߚᣉ⸳ߩㆇ༡ࠍ౞Ṗߦߔࠆ
ߎߣ‫ޔ‬ਗ߮ߦߘࠇࠄᣉ⸳ߦភ⟎ߐࠇߚᣂ㍈⎇ⓥ⸳஻ߩ⛽ᜬ▤ℂᣇᴺߩᬌ⸛
࡮↥ቇㅪ៤ቶࠍਛᔃߦ‫↥ޔ‬ቇㅪ៤ߦࠃࠆ␠ળ⽸₂ߩផㅴ
࡮⧯ᚻᡰេߩ․೎ࡊࡠࠫࠚࠢ࠻⎇ⓥㇱ㐷ߩᦝߥࠆలታ߳ะߌߡᬌ⸛
࡮ࠗࡦࠠࡘࡌ࡯࡚ࠪࡦ᫟ߩડᬺ࡝ࠨ࡯࠴ࡄ࡯ࠢࠍㅢߓߚࠗࡦ࠳ࠬ࠻࡝࡯ࠝࡦࠠࡖࡦࡄࠬߩታ⃻
࡮߽ߩߠߊࠅᢎቶ╬ࠍㅢߓߚ࿾ၞㅪ៤‫⑼ޔ‬ቇ໪⊒ᵴേࠍផㅴ
㧔ᢎ⢒㧕
࡮㒋ᄢߩ㧢⎇ⓥ⑼߆ࠄቇ↢ߩ㓸߹ࠆ․ᕈࠍ↢߆ߒ‫ޔ‬ᣣᧄߣ਎⇇ࠍ࡝࡯࠼ߔࠆቇ㓙Ⲣวဳ↥ᬺ⑼ቇ⎇ⓥ
⠪ࠍ㙃ᚑߔࠆ‫ޕ‬
࡮↥ᬺ⑼ቇㅪ៤ᢎ⢒ផㅴ࠮ࡦ࠲࡯ࠍਛᔃߦ‫ޔ‬ቇ㓙Ⲣวဳࠞ࡝ࡘࠠࡘ࡜ࡓߩផㅴ
࡮ᄖ࿖ੱ⎇ⓥ⠪ߦࠃࠆࠝࡦࠩ࡝ࠨ࡯࠴⧷⺆ᢎ⢒ߩታ⃻ࠍ⋡ᜰߔ
࡮ᣂߒ޿ડᬺ࡝ࠨ࡯࠴ࡄ࡯ࠢࠍㅢߓߚࠗࡦ࠲࡯ࡦࠪ࠶ࡊߩታ⃻
㧔⎇ⓥ㧕
࡮↥ᬺߦ↢߆ߔ⑼ቇ‫ޔ‬಴ญࠍ⷗ᝪ߃ߚၮ␆⎇ⓥࠍផㅴ
࡮᧚ᢱ࡮ᖱႎ࡮↢૕ߩ ಽ㊁ߩⲢวߦࠃࠆᣂቇ໧㗔ၞߩഃ಴
࡮ቇ㓙Ⲣวဳࠣ࡝࡯ࡦ࠽ࡁࠨࠗࠛࡦࠬ‫ߩࠬࡦࠛࠗࠨ࡞ࠞࠖ࠺ࡔࠝࠗࡃޔ‬ផㅴ
࡮ࡀ࠶࠻ࡢ࡯ࠢဳ౒ห⎇ⓥ᜚ὐߩ᜚ὐᧄㇱߣߒߡ‫ࠬࠗࡃ࠺࡮⾰‛ޟ‬㗔ၞ‫ోߩޠ‬࿖౒ห⎇ⓥࠍផㅴ
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㧔࿖㓙੤ᵹ㧕
࡮ᄖ࿖ੱ⎇ⓥ⠪࡮⇐ቇ↢ߩⓍᭂ⊛ߥฃߌ౉ࠇ
࡮ᶏᄖᄢቇ࡮࿖㓙⎇ⓥᯏ㑐ߣߩㅪ៤ߦࠃࠆࠣࡠ࡯ࡃ࡞⧯ᚻ⎇ⓥ⠪ߩ⢒ᚑ
࡮࿖㓙౒ห⎇ⓥ࠮ࡦ࠲࡯ࠍਛᔃߦ‫ޔ‬࿖㓙⎇ⓥᯏ㑐ߣߩࡄ࡯࠻࠽࡯ࠪ࠶ࡊߩផㅴ
㧣㧕߻ߔ߮
↥ᬺ⑼ቇ⎇ⓥᚲߪ‫ᤨޔ‬ઍߩᄌൻߣ␠ળ⊛࡮⚻ᷣ⊛࠾࡯࠭ߦᔕߓߚ⎇ⓥߩផㅴߣ㨮㐳ᦼ⊛ߥࡆ࡚ࠫࡦ
ߩ਄ߦ┙ߞߚၮ␆⎇ⓥ࡮ᔕ↪⎇ⓥࠍⴕ߁‫┙⸳ޕ‬ᒰೋࠃࠅ↥ᬺ߳ߩ⽸₂ࠍ⋡ᜰߒߚ⁛ഃᕈߩ㜞޿⎇ⓥ߇
ⴕࠊࠇߡ߈ߚ߇‫ߩߘޔ‬વ⛔ࠍฃߌ⛮߉ߥ߇ࠄ߽‫᧚ޟޔ‬ᢱ‫ޟޠ‬ᖱႎ‫↢ޟޠ‬૕‫ߩޠ‬㧟㗔ၞࠍၮ␆ߣߒߚቇ㓙
Ⲣวဳ⎇ⓥࠍផㅴߒ‫ᤨߦ․ޔ‬ઍߩⷐ⺧ߣߒߡߩࠣ࡝࡯ࡦ࠽ࡁࠨࠗࠛࡦࠬ࡮ࡃࠗࠝࡔ࠺ࠖࠞ࡞ࠨࠗࠛࡦ
ࠬߦゲ⿷ࠍ⟎߈‫⎇ޔ‬ⓥᚑᨐࠍ↥ᬺ߳ㆶరߢ߈ࠆㆡᔕ⢻ജߣ‫⎇ߩ⥄⁛⎇↥ޔ‬ⓥࠍ౗ߨ஻߃ߚ㝯ജ޽ࠆ↥
⎇ࠍ⋡ᜰߒ‫⎇ߩ࡞ࡌ࡟ࡊ࠶࠻ޔ‬ⓥᚲߣߒߡᤨઍࠍ࡝࡯࠼ߒߡ޿ߊ‫ޕ‬
ᄢ㒋ᄢቇߩ৻ຬߣߒߡ㨮੹ᓟ߽ᄢቇ㒮ฦ⎇ⓥ⑼ߣߩኒធߦදജߒ‫ޔ‬ᣣᧄߣ਎⇇ࠍ࡝࡯࠼ߔࠆቇ㓙Ⲣ
วဳ↥ᬺ⑼ቇ⎇ⓥ⠪ߣߒߡߩ৻ᵹߩੱ᧚ࠍ⢒ᚑߔࠆ‫↥ޕ‬ᬺ⇇ߣදജߒ‫⎇ߩ⎇↥ޔ‬ⓥᚑᨐࠍⓍᭂ⊛ߦ㐿
᡼ߔࠆߣߣ߽ߦ‫ޔ‬࿖Ⴚࠍ⿧߃ߡᖱႎࠍ⊒ାߒ‫ޔ‬਎⇇ߩ⎇ⓥ⠪ߣᗧ⷗੤឵ࠍⴕ߃ࠆⅣႺߠߊࠅࠍଦㅴߒ‫ޔ‬
↥⎇⊒ߩࠣࡠ࡯ࡃ࡞ࠬ࠲ࡦ࠳࡯࠼ࠍ⋡ᜰߔ‫ޕ‬
ࡀ࠶࠻ࡢ࡯ࠢဳ౒ห⎇ⓥ᜚ὐߩ᜚ὐᧄㇱߣߒߡ‫ోޔ‬࿖࡟ࡌ࡞ߢߩቇ㓙Ⲣวဳ⎇ⓥࠍផㅴߔࠆߣߣ߽
ߦ‫ޔ‬ડᬺ࡝ࠨ࡯࠴ࡄ࡯ࠢ╬ࠍㅢߓߡ‫↥ޔ‬ᬺ⇇ߣߩㅪ៤ࠍᒝൻߔࠆ‫ޕ‬
੹ᓟ߽‫ޔ‬ᄙ⒳ᄙ᭽ߥࠛࠠࠬࡄ࡯࠻߇ซᥓࠍ㓸⚿ߒ‫ޔ‬⍮ⴕว৻ߩ♖␹ߢ‫↥ޔ‬ᬺߦ↢߆ߔ⑼ቇ‫ޔ‬಴ญࠍ
⷗ᝪ߃ߚၮ␆⎇ⓥࠍផㅴߢ߈ࠆࠃ߁‫ޔ‬ᣣ‫ޘ‬ㆳㅴߔࠆ‫↥ޔ߇ࠇߘޕ‬ᬺ⑼ቇ⎇ⓥᚲߢ޽ࠆ‫ޕ‬
― 28 ―
㧔ᐢႎᆔຬ㧕
ᆔຬ㐳 㧔ᢎ ᝼㧕 ቟ ⯃ ⧐ 㓶
ᆔ ຬ 㧔ᢎ ᝼㧕̪┻ ⼱ ⚐ ৻
㧔ᢎ ᝼㧕 ቟ ⮮ 㓁 ৻
㧔ᢎ ᝼㧕 ╣ ੗ ብ ᣿ 㧔ᢎ ᝼㧕 ┻ ↰ ♖ ৻
㧔ಎᢎ᝼㧕ᴧ የ ᱜ ⴕ 㧔ಎᢎ᝼㧕 ૼ ᧛ ᓼ ା
㧔ಎᢎ᝼㧕̪ᩙ ේ ⡡
㧔ಎᢎ᝼㧕⍹ ਣ ቇ
㧔ಎᢎ᝼㧕̪ኅ ⵨ 㓉
㧔ഥ ᢎ㧕̪੗ ਄ 㓷 ඳ
㧔ഥ ᢎ ૒ ‫ ᧁ ޘ‬⡡
㧔ഥ ᢎ㧕̪ਛ ੗ ᔘ ᔒ
㧔ഥ ᢎ㧕̪ၴ ㊁ ਥ ⒢
⸘᷹࡮ᖱႎࠪࠬ࠹ࡓଥ㐳̪⋧ ේ ජ ዆
㧔✚ോ⺖㐳⊕ ự ਃ ⟵ ̪ߪ‫✬ޔ‬㓸૞ᬺߦᒰߚߞߚᆔຬ
㨇㒝㧝㨉ฦ⎇ⓥㇱ㐷ߩ⚵❱ߣᵴേ
㨇㒝㧞㨉ฦ㒝ዻ⎇ⓥᣉ⸳ߩ⚵❱ߣᵴേ
㨇㒝㧟㨉౒ㅢᣉ⸳‫ޔ‬ᛛⴚቶ‫ޔ‬੐ോㇱߩ⚵❱ߣᵴേ
㨇㒝㧠㨉ฦ⎇ⓥㇱ㐷‫ޔ‬㒝ዻᣉ⸳ߦ߅ߌࠆᵴേታ❣࡝ࠬ࠻
㧔ᵈ㧕ฦ⎇ⓥಽ㊁╬ߩᚲዻ⠪ߦߟ޿ߡߪ‫ޔ‬ᐔᚑ 23 ᐕᐲߦ࿷☋ߒߚ⠪ࠍోߡ෼㍳ߒߚ‫ޕ‬
― 29 ―
[ 附1 ] 各研究部門の組織と活動
╙㧝⎇ⓥㇱ㐷㧔ᖱႎ࡮㊂ሶ⑼ቇ♽㧕
᭎ⷐ
⤘ᄢߥ࠺ࠫ࠲࡞ᖱႎ߇਎⇇ਛࠍ㘧߮੤߁ࡀ࠶࠻ࡢ࡯ࠢᖱႎൻ␠ળߦ߅޿ߡ‫ޔ‬㜞ᐲᖱႎಣℂߪ␠ળߩ޽
ࠄࠁࠆ㕙ߢᔅ㗇ߥᛛⴚߣߥߞߡ޿ࠆ‫⎇ᧄޕ‬ⓥㇱ㐷ߪ‫ޔ‬ᖱႎ⑼ቇ♽㧔⍮⼂ࠪࠬ࠹ࡓ⎇ⓥಽ㊁‫ⶄޔ‬ว⍮⢻ࡔ
࠺ࠖࠕ⎇ⓥಽ㊁‫ޔ‬⍮⢻ࠕ࡯ࠠ࠹ࠢ࠴ࡖ⎇ⓥಽ㊁‫ޔ‬⍮⢻ផ⺰⎇ⓥಽ㊁㧕‫ޔ‬㊂ሶ⑼ቇ♽㧔శ࡮㔚ሶ᧚ᢱ⎇ⓥ
ಽ㊁‫ޔ‬ඨዉ૕㊂ሶ⑼ቇ⎇ⓥಽ㊁‫ޔ‬వㅴ㔚ሶ࠺ࡃࠗࠬ⎇ⓥಽ㊁‫ޔ‬㊂ሶᖱႎࡈࠜ࠻࠾ࠢࠬ⎇ⓥಽ㊁ާ㒋ᄢ↥
⎇࡮ർᄢ㔚ሶ⎇ࠕ࡜ࠗࠕࡦࠬ࡜ࡏި
㧕ߩ 8 ߟߩ⎇ⓥಽ㊁߆ࠄ᭴ᚑߐࠇߡ߅ࠅ‫ޔ‬೨ 4 ⎇ⓥಽ㊁ߪ⍮⢻ᖱႎ
ಣℂේℂߣࠕ࡞ࠧ࡝࠭ࡓߣ޿߁࠰ࡈ࠻㕙߆ࠄ‫ߚ߹ޔ‬ᓟ 4 ⎇ⓥಽ㊁ߪ㜞ᐲᖱႎಣℂߩߚ߼ߩ࠺ࡃࠗࠬߣ޿
߁ࡂ࡯࠼㕙߆ࠄ‫ޔ‬㜞ᐲᖱႎಣℂ␠ળࠍᡰ߃ࠆၮ⋚ᛛⴚߩ⏕┙ࠍ⋡ᜰߒߡ޿ࠆ‫ޕ‬೨⠪ߦߟ޿ߡߪ‫ੱޔ‬㑆ߩ
⍮⢻ࠍ⑼ቇߒ‫ޔ‬㜞ᐲߥ⍮⼂ᖱႎಣℂᯏ⢻ࠍ⸘▚ᯏߦઃਈߒᐢߊᎿቇ⊛⻉໧㗴ߩ⸃᳿߿⍮⊛ᵴേᡰេో⥸
߳ᔕ↪ߔࠆߎߣࠍ⋡ᜰߒߡ޿ࠆ‫ޕ‬ᓟ⠪ߦߟ޿ߡߪ‫⴫ޔ‬㕙‛ℂ‫ޔ‬㔚ሶ࡮శಽశᴺ‫⚿࡮⤑⭯ޔ‬᥏ᚑ㐳‫ޔ‬ඨዉ
૕‛ℂ‫᦭ޔ‬ᯏ᧚ᢱ࡮↢૕ಽሶߥߤࠍࡌ࡯ࠬߣߒߡ‫ޔ‬ਥߣߒߡඨዉ૕ࠍਛᔃߦ‫ߩ࡞ࡌ࡟࡞࠻࡯ࡔࡁ࠽ޔ‬᭴
ㅧ࡮ᣂ᧚ᢱߩഃ⵾࡮⹏ଔߦ㑐ߔࠆ⎇ⓥࠍⴕ޿‫ޔ‬㊂ሶᯏ⢻ࠍ೑↪ߒߚ㜞ᕈ⢻⚛ሶ߿ᣂߒ޿࠮ࡦࠨ࡮ࡔࡕ࡝
⚛ሶߩታ⃻ࠍ⋡ᜰߒߡ޿ࠆ‫ޕ‬
ߎࠇࠄߩ⎇ⓥಽ㊁ߪ‫ޔ‬੕޿ߦ᦭ᯏ⊛ߦ㑐ㅪߒߡ਎⇇⊛ᚑᨐࠍ᜼ߍࠆߎߣࠍ⋡ㅜߣߒߡ⎇ⓥߦขࠅ⚵ࠎ
ߢ޿ࠆߣหᤨߦ‫ޔ‬ᚲౝઁㇱ㐷ߩߺߥࠄߕ‫ޔ‬ቇౝᄖ‫ߪߦᦝޔ‬࿖ౝᄖߩᄢቇ‫⎇ޔ‬ⓥᯏ㑐‫ޔ‬᳃㑆ડᬺߣⓍᭂ⊛
ߦ౒ห⎇ⓥࠍዷ㐿ߒߡ޿ࠆ‫ޔߚ߹ޕ‬ℂቇ⎇ⓥ⑼㧔‛ℂቇኾ᡹㧕‫ޔ‬Ꮏቇ⎇ⓥ⑼㧔㔚᳇㔚ሶᖱႎᎿቇኾ᡹㧘
ᔕ↪‛ℂቇኾ᡹㧕‫ޔ‬ၮ␆Ꮏቇ⎇ⓥ⑼㧔‛⾰ഃᚑኾ᡹㧕‫߮ࠃ߅ޔ‬ᖱႎ⑼ቇ⎇ⓥ⑼㧔ࠦࡦࡇࡘ࡯࠲ࠨࠗࠛࡦࠬ
ኾ᡹㧘ᖱႎᢙℂቇኾ᡹㧕߆ࠄᄢቇ㒮ቇ↢ࠍฃߌ౉ࠇߡ߅ࠅ‫ޔ‬㜞ᐲߥ⍮⼂ߣᐢ޿ⷞ㊁ࠍ౗ߨ஻߃ߚ⎇ⓥ⠪
ߩ⢒ᚑࠍ⋡ᜰߒߡ޿ࠆ‫ޕ‬
ᚑᨐ
࡮ቶ᷷ᒝ⏛ᕈඨዉ૕࠽ࡁ᭴ㅧߩ૞⵾࡮⹏ଔߣඨዉ૕ࠬࡇࡦ࠻ࡠ࠾ࠢࠬ࠺ࡃࠗࠬᔕ↪
࡮ࠣ࡜ࡈࠚࡦߣ࠽ࡁ࠴ࡘ࡯ࡉࠍ↪޿ߚ㊂ሶ࠽ࡁ࠺ࡃࠗࠬߩ㐿⊒ߣࡃࠗࠝ࠮ࡦࠨ࡯ᔕ↪
࡮ႣᏓ࡮ශ೚ࡊࡠ࠮ࠬߦࠃࠆ㜞⒖േᐲ(5cm2/Vs)᦭ᯏන⚿᥏࠻࡜ࡦࠫࠬ࠲ࠍ㐿⊒ߒ‫ޔ‬ṁᶧࡊࡠ࠮ࠬߢᦨ㜞
ߩ᦭ᯏ࠻࡜ࡦࠫࠬ࠲ᕈ⢻ࠍታ⃻
࡮↢‛ߣੱᎿ‛ߩᯏ⢻ߩ⛔৻ቯ⟵ࠍ਎⇇ߢೋ߼ߡ㐿⊒
࡮㜞ኒᐲ࡜ࠗࡦࡄ࠲࡯ࡦᬌ಴ߦࠃࠆ㜞ㅦേ૕ߩ 3 ᰴర⸘᷹ᚻᴺ
࡮᭴ᚑ⊛ㆡᔕࠗࡦ࠲ࡈࠚ࡯ࠬ߳ߩ࠮ࡦࠨ࡯ߩዉ౉‫ޔ‬ㆡᔕ⊛ࠕ࡚ࠢࠪࡦࠥ࡯ࡓ߳ߩᔕ↪ߩᬌ⸛
࡮㜞ᰴర࠺࡯࠲࡮ࠣ࡜ࡈ♽೉߆ࠄߩ⍮⼂⊒⷗㧘࿃ᨐ᭴ㅧ⸃ᨆᴺߩ㐿⊒㧘⚵วߖ⺰⊛⸘▚ߦࠃࠆ⍮⼂⊒⷗
࡮න৻శሶ࡟ࡌ࡞㕖✢ᒻ⚛ሶࠍ⚿วߒߚశ㊂ሶ࿁〝ߩታ⃻‫ߩࠬࠗࡃ࠺ࠬࠢ࠾࠻ࠜࡈࡁ࠽ޔ‬㐿⊒
― 33 ―
ග࣭㟁Ꮚᮦᩱ◊✲ศ㔝
ᩍᤵ ෸ᩍᤵ ຓᩍ ຓᩍ ༤ኈ◊✲ဨ
኱Ꮫ㝔Ꮫ⏕
Ꮫ㒊Ꮫ⏕ ஦ົ⿵బဨ
㻌
ᮅ᪥ ୍
㛗㇂ᕝ ⦾ᙪ
Ụᮧ ಟ୍
࿘ 㐓ถ
Daivasigamani KRISHNAMURTH<
㔠 Ụ⋯ࠊཱྀᒣ ᓫࠊᮾ ᫭ኴᮁࠊ
‫‮‬ᕝᩥኵࠊ⳥ᆅ ₶୍ࠊᕷཎ ᐶஓࠊ᳜୰ 㯞⾰ࠊୗ஭ ㈗⿱ࠊ࿘ 㯇ࠊ୰㇂ ⿱⣖ࠊ
ูᗓ ள⏤⨾ࠊ‶㔝 㝧௓ࠊ⡿ᒸ ㈼ࠊᮌᮧ┿⌮Ꮚࠊబ㔝㞞᫛
బ㔝 ኊኴࠊᒣཱྀ ᫂ဴ
Ώ㑔 ᫂Ꮚࠊ▼㇂ 㑳Ꮚ㻌
a) ᴫせ
21 ୡ⣖࡟኱ࡁࡃᒎ㛤ࡍࡿ⛉Ꮫᢏ⾡ࡢ୍ࡘࡣ᝟ሗ㏻ಙ࡟㛵ࡍࡿࡶࡢ࡛࠶ࡿࠋ᝟ሗఏ㐩࣭ฎ⌮ࢆᢸ࠺ࡶࡢ
ࡣග࡜㟁Ꮚ࡛࠶ࡾࠊࡇࢀ࡟ࡑࡢാࡁࡢሙࢆ୚࠼ࡿ≀㉁㺃ᮦᩱ࡛࠶ࡿࠋᙜ◊✲ศ㔝ࡣග࣭㟁Ꮚࡉࡽ࡟ࢫࣆ
ࣥ࡟㛵㐃ࡍࡿᮦᩱ࡜ࡋ࡚༙ᑟయࢆ୰ᚰ࡟◊✲ࡋ࡚࠸ࡿࠋᮦᩱ◊✲ࡢ 4 ẁ㝵ࡍ࡞ࢃࡕᮦᩱタィࠊᮦᩱྜᡂ
㸦⤖ᬗᡂ㛗㸧㸭ຍᕤࠊᮦᩱホ౯㸦≀ᛶ㸧ࠊࢹࣂ࢖ࢫᛂ⏝࡟ࡘ࠸࡚ࠊ᫬ᮇ࡟ࡼࡾ㔜Ⅼࡢ⨨ࡁ࡝ࡇࢁࡣ␗࡞
ࡿࡀࠊ୍ࡘࡢὶࢀ࡜ࡋ࡚◊✲ࢆ㐍ࡵ࡚࠸ࡿࠋᮦᩱタィࡣࠊཎᏊ㺃ศᏊࡢ⤌ࡳྜࢃࡏࢆኚ࠼࡚ᚲせ࡞≉ᛶ
ࢆᚓࡿ◊✲ࢆ⾜ࡗ࡚࠸ࡿࠋᮦᩱྜᡂ㸭ຍᕤࡣࠊཎᏊ㺃ศᏊࢆ㐺ᙜ࡞᮲௳ୗ࡛ᇶᯈ࡟ධᑕࡉࡏࡿศᏊ⥺⤖
ᬗᡂ㛗ἲࢆ୰ᚰ࡜ࡋ࡚⾜ࡗ࡚࠸ࡿࠋᮦᩱホ౯ࡢ◊✲ࡣࠊ㟁Ꮚ⥺ࡸ X ⥺ࠊSTMࠊXAFSࠊRaman ᩓ஘➼ࢆ
⏝࠸ࡓᵓ㐀ホ౯ࠊගࡢ྾཰ࠊ཯ᑕࠊⓎග➼ࡢගᏛⓗホ౯ࡸ㟁Ẽఏᑟ➼ࡢ㟁Ẽⓗホ౯ࠊSQUID ➼ࡢ☢ᛶホ
౯࡞࡝ࢆ୰ᚰ࡟⾜ࡗ࡚࠸ࡿࠋࢹࣂ࢖ࢫᛂ⏝࡟ࡘ࠸࡚ࡣࠊ࣮ࣞࢨ➼ࡢගࢹࣂ࢖ࢫࠊ㟁⏺㟁Ꮚᨺᑕ⣲Ꮚ➼ࡢ
㟁Ꮚࢹࣂ࢖ࢫࠊࡉࡽ࡟ࢫࣆࣥࢺࣟࢽࢡࢫࢹࣂ࢖ࢫࡢᇶ♏࡜࡞ࡿ◊✲ࢆ⾜ࡗ࡚࠸ࡿࠋ
b) ᡂᯝ
࣭GaN ࣮࣋ࢫᕼⷧ☢ᛶ༙ᑟయࡢ⤖ᬗᡂ㛗࡜ࢫࣆࣥࢺࣟࢽࢡࢫࢹࣂ࢖ࢫᛂ⏝
༙ᑟయ࡜☢ᛶయ࡜࠸࠺㸰ࡘࡢᛶ㉁ࢆྜࢃࡏᣢࡘᕼⷧ☢ᛶ༙ᑟయࡣ᪂ࡋ࠸ᶵ⬟ࢆⓎ⌧࡛ࡁࡿᮦᩱ࡜ࡋ
࡚ὀ┠ࡉࢀ࡚࠸ࡿࠋᮏᖺᗘ࡛ࡣࠊGaDyN/GaN ஧㔜㞀ቨᵓ㐀ࢆࣉࣛࢬ࣐ᨭ᥼ศᏊ࢚ࣆࢱ࢟ࢩ࣮ἲ࡛ᡂ㛗
ࡉࡏࡓࠋ୰㛫☢Ẽᒙ GaDyN ࡢཌࡉ d nm ࢆ 3, 5, 8 nm ࡜᝿ᐃࡋ࡚ᡂ㛗ࡉࡏࡓࠋస〇ࡋࡓヨᩱࡢ⤖ᬗᵓ㐀
ࡣ XAFS ཬࡧ X ⥺ᅇᢡ ᐃࢆ⏝࠸࡚ホ౯ࡋࡓࠋᅗ 1 ࡟♧ࡋ࡚࠸ࡿ X ⥺ᅇᢡࣃࢱ࣮ࣥࡼࡾ DyN ࡢࡼ࠺࡞
஧ḟ┦ࡢᯒฟࡀ☜ㄆ࡛ࡁࡎࠊGaN ࡼ
ࡾపゅᗘഃ࡟ GaDyN ࠿ࡽᅇᢡࣆ࣮
ࢡࡀほᐹࡉࢀ࡚࠸ࡿࡇ࡜࠿ࡽࠊ
GaDyN ⷧ⭷ࡢᙧᡂࡀ☜ㄆ࡛ࡁࡓࠋ
ࡲࡓࠊ஺␒ຊ☢ຊィࢆ⏝࠸ࡓ☢Ẽ≉
ᛶホ౯࠿ࡽࠊᐊ ࡟࠾࠸࡚☢ᛶࡸ␗
᪉ᛶࡀ☜ㄆࡉࢀࠊ୰㛫☢ᛶᒙࡢ⭷ཌ
d ࡜☢ᛶࡢ㛫࡟㛵㐃ᛶࡀ☜ㄆࡉࢀࡓࠋ
ᅗ 2 ࡛ࡣࠊ୰㛫☢Ẽᒙࡢ⭷ཌࢆኚ࠼
ࡿࡇ࡜࡛ࠊ༢఩య✚࠶ࡓࡾࡢ㣬࿴☢
໬ࡀ d ࡢቑຍࡍࡿ࡜ඹ࡟ࠊῶᑡࡍࡿ ᅗ1 GaDyN/AlGaN஧㔜㞀ቨᵓ㐀ࡢX⥺ᅇᢡࣃ ᅗ2 GaDyN/AlGaN஧㔜㞀ቨᵓ㐀ࡢ
ࢱ࣮ࣥࠋ
㣬࿴☢໬ࡢ୰㛫☢Ẽᒙࡢ⭷ཌ౫Ꮡ
⌧㇟ࡀぢࡽࢀࠊࡑࢀࡣࠊᙉ☢ᛶᒙࡢ
ᛶࠋ
㛫࡟཯ᙉ☢ᛶⓗ┦஫స⏝ࡀᏑᅾࡋ
࡚࠸ࡿࡇ࡜ࢆ♧ࡍࠋ
― 34 ―
࣭ᙉ☢ᛶ㔠ᒓ࡟ࡼࡿᕼⷧ☢ᛶ༙ᑟయ࡬ࡢࢫࣆࣥὀධ࡜ࢼࣀ☢ᛶホ౯
ᙉ☢ᛶ㔠ᒓ࡟ࡼࡿᕼⷧ☢ᛶ༙ᑟయ࡬ࡢࢫࣆࣥὀධ⌧㇟ࡣࠊ༙ᑟయࢫࣆࣥࢺࣟࢽࢡࢹࣂ࢖ࢫᙧᡂୖࠊࡲ
ࡓࠊࢫࣆࣥ೫ᴟ㉮ᰝᆺࢺࣥࢿࣝ㢧ᚤ㙾(SP-STM)࡟ࡼࡿᕼⷧ☢ᛶ༙ᑟయࡢ☢ᛶホ౯ୖࠊ㔜せ࡛࠶ࡿࠋࡇࢀ
ࡲ࡛࡟ࠊGaN ୖ࡟ Fe ࢆᡂ㛗ࡉࡏ࡚ࠊࡑࡢ⤖ᬗᵓ㐀ࠊᡂ㛗ᵝᘧࠊ࠾ࡼࡧ☢Ẽ≉ᛶࢆㄪ࡭࡚ࡁࡓࠋᐊ ࡛
ᙧᡂࡋࡓ Fe ࢼࣀࢻࢵࢺࡣ㺂⵨╔㔞ࡢቑຍ࡟కࡗ࡚ࢻࢵࢺᚄࡀ኱ࡁࡃ࡞ࡿ࡜࡜ࡶ࡟㓄ྥࡋጞࡵࡿࡇ࡜ࠊࡇ
ࡢᙧ≧ኚ໬࡜ྠ᫬࡟ᙉ☢ᛶࢆ♧ࡋጞࡵࡿࡇ࡜ࠊ↓㓄ྥ≧ែࡢࢼࣀࢻࢵࢺ࡛ࡣ SP-STM ࡛ࢫࣆࣥ࡟౫Ꮡࡋ
ࡓ㟁ὶ-㟁ᅽ≉ᛶࡣほ ࡉࢀ࡚࠸࡞࠸ࡢ࡟ᑐࡋ࡚㺂ᙉ☢ᛶࢆ♧ࡍ㓄ྥ≧ែࡢࢼࣀࢻࢵࢺ࠿ࡽࡣࢫࣆࣥ࡟౫
Ꮡࡋࡓ㟁ὶ-㟁ᅽ≉ᛶࡀᚓࡽࢀࡿࡇ࡜ࢆ᫂ࡽ࠿࡟ࡋ࡚ࡁࡓࠋᖹᡂ 23 ᖺᗘࡣ㺂GaN ୖ࡟࢚ࣆࢱ࢟ࢩࣕࣝᡂ
㛗ࡋࡓ Fe ࢔࢖ࣛࣥࢻ࡟ᑐࡋ࡚ SP-STM ࡟ࡼࡾ㟁ὶ-㟁ᅽ≉ᛶࢆ ᐃࡋ㸪ࡑࡢ≉ᛶࡣ࢔࢖ࣛࣥࢻ࡟౫Ꮡࡋ
࡚ኚ໬ࡋ࡚࠾ࡾ㸪࢔࢖ࣛࣥࢻࡢ☢໬᪉ྥࢆ཯ᫎࡋ࡚࠸ࡿ࡜⪃࠼ࡽࢀࡿ㸬ࡲࡓ㸪GaN(0001) ୖ࡟ࡣ Fe(110)
ⷧ⭷ࡀᡂ㛗ࡍࡿࡇ࡜࠿ࡽ㸪ࢫࣆࣥ೫ᴟ⋡ࡣ 0.3 ⛬ᗘ࡜ぢ✚ࡶࡽࢀࡿࡇ࡜㸪CoFe(110)ⷧ⭷ࢆ⏝࠸ࡿ࡜ 0.8
ࡲ࡛ᨵၿฟ᮶ࡿྍ⬟ᛶࢆᣦ᦬ࡋࡓ㸬Co ࠾ࡼࡧ Co/Fe ከᒙᵓ㐀ࡢ GaN ୖ࡬ࡢᐊ ᡂ㛗ࢆヨࡳࠊࡑࡢ⤖ᬗ
ᵓ㐀ࠊᡂ㛗ᵝᘧࠊ࠾ࡼࡧ☢Ẽ≉ᛶࢆㄪ࡭ࡓࠋCo ࡣࢻࢵࢺᙧ≧࡛ᡂ㛗ࡋ㸪ᡂ㛗ึᮇ࡟ࡣ fcc ᵓ㐀ࢆ࡜ࡿࡀ
⭷ཌࡀቑࡍ࡟ࡘࢀ࡚ hcp ᵓ㐀࡬࡜ኚ໬ࡋࡓ㸬ࡲࡓ㸪Co ཎᏊᙜࡓࡾࡢ☢Ẽ࣮࣓ࣔࣥࢺࡣࢻࢵࢺࢧ࢖ࢬࡀᑠ
ࡉ࠸࡯࡝኱ࡁࡃ࡞ࡾ㸪ࢻࢵࢺࢧ࢖ࢬࡀ኱ࡁࡃ࡞ࡿ࡜ࣂࣝࢡࡢ್࡟㏆࡙ࡃࡇ࡜ࡀ᫂ࡽ࠿࡜࡞ࡗࡓ㸬୍᪉㸪
Co/Fe ከᒙᵓ㐀ࢆᡂ㛗ࡋࡓሙྜ࡟ࡶࢻࢵࢺᙧ≧࡜࡞ࡗࡓࡀ㸪ࡑࡢ⤖ᬗᵓ㐀ࡣ bcc ᵓ㐀࡜࡞ࡗࡓ㸬ࡲࡓࡑ
ࡢ☢Ẽ≉ᛶࡶከᒙᵓ㐀࡟౫Ꮡࡋ࡚ኚ໬ࡍࡿࡇ࡜ࡀศ࠿ࡗࡓࠋ
(a)
(b)
50 nm
ᅗ 3 Fe ࢔࢖ࣛࣥࢻࡢ(a)ࢺ࣏ࢢࣛࣇീ࡜(b)ࢺࣥࢿࣝ☢Ẽ᢬ᢠീ
࣭᪂ᶵ⬟≀㉁ࡢ XAFS ホ౯
XAFS ࡣᚑ᮶ࡢᅇᢡ⌧㇟ࢆ฼⏝ࡋࡓᵓ㐀ゎᯒἲ࡛ࡣ࡞ࡃࠊศගἲࢆ౑ࡗ࡚ࡢ᪂ࡋ࠸ᵓ㐀ゎᯒἲ࡛࠶ࡿࠋ
ศගࢆᡭẁ࡟⏝࠸ࡿᨾࠊ㛗㊥㞳⛛ᗎࡣᚲせ࡞ࡃ࢔ࣔࣝࣇ࢓ࢫࡸᚤ㔞ඖ⣲࡞࡝ࡢ㓄఩⎔ቃࢆ┤᥋ⓗ࡟ㄪ࡭
ࡿᡭẁ࡜ࡋ࡚ࡣࠊ၏୍࡛࠶ࡿࠋࡲࡓ㸪ෆẆࡢບ㉳࡟ࡼࡿศගࡢࡺ࠼ࠊඖ⣲㑅ᢥⓗ࡜࠸࠺฼Ⅼࡶ࠶ࡿࠋࡑ
ࡢ฼Ⅼࢆ฼⏝ࡋ࡚ࠊ᪂ᶵ⬟≀㉁࡛࠶ࡿ GaCrN ࡸ GaGdN ࡢ࣮࢟ᚤ㔞ඖ⣲࡛࠶ࡿ Cr ࡸ Gd ࡢ㓄఩⎔ቃࢆඖ
⣲㑅ᢥⓗ࡟ホ౯ࡋࡓࠋࡇࢀࡽࡣ⃰ᗘࡀẚ㍑ⓗప࠸ሙྜ࡟ࡣ⨨᥮ᆺ࡛ΰධࡋ࡚࠸ࡿ஦ࡣ᪤࡟᫂ࡽ࠿࡟ࡋ࡚
ࡁࡓࠋ᫖ᖺ㸦ᖹᡂ 22 ᖺ㸧ᗘ࡟࠾࠸࡚ࡣࠊAlGaN/GaGdN/AlGaN ࡞࡝ࡢⷧ⭷ከ㔜㔞Ꮚ஭ᡞᵓ㐀ࠊ࠶ࡿ࠸ࡣ
ᰕ≧ከ㔜㔞Ꮚ஭ᡞᵓ㐀࡟࠾ࡅࡿ Gd ࡢ㓄఩⎔ቃࢆ⢭ຊⓗ࡟ㄪ࡭ࡓࠋ஭ᡞᒙ GaGdN ࡢ⭷ཌࡀᩘࢼࣀ࣓࣮ࢱ
࣮࡜㠀ᖖ࡟ⷧ࠸ࡢ࡛㸪ࡑࡢ⏺㠃࡟࣮࢟ᚤ㔞ඖ⣲࡛࠶ࡿ Gd ࡀᒁᅾࡍࡿ๭ྜࡀ㧗ࡃ࡞ࡿࠋࡑࢀࡣᙉ☢ᛶࡢ
⛬ᗘ࡟ᑡ࡞࠿ࡽࡎࡢᙳ㡪ࢆ୚࠼ࡿྍ⬟ᛶࡀ㧗࠸ࠋ⌧ᅾࡢ࡜ࡇࢁࡢᡂ㛗᮲௳࡛ࡣ Gd ࡀจ㞟ࡍࡿ࡜࠸࠺ಙ
ྕࡣほ ࡉࢀ࡚࠸࡞࠸ࠋᮏᖺ㸦ᖹᡂ㸰㸱ᖺ㸧ᗘࡣࠊᡂ㛗᮲௳࡟ࡼࡗ࡚ࡣ Gd ࢖࢜ࣥࡢ➨୍㏆᥋㸦❅⣲࢖
࢜ࣥ㸧࡟✵Ꮝࡀ࡛ࡁࡿྍ⬟ᛶࢆぢ࠸ࡔࡋࡓࠋࡇࢀࡣࢲ࢖ࣖࣔࣥࢻ୰ࡢ NV ࢭࣥࢱ࣮࡜ྠࡌࡼ࠺࡞ᛂ⏝ࡀ
⪃࠼ࡽࢀࡿࠋ❅⣲✵Ꮝࡢ⏕ᡂ୪ࡧ࡟ࡑࡢ఩⨨ࢆ☜࠿ࡵࡿࡓࡵ࡟ࠊX ⥺ᩓ஘⌧㇟ࡢ⌮ㄽᐙ࡜ࡢඹྠ◊✲ࡢ
ࡶ࡜ XANES ࢫ࣌ࢡࢺࣝࡢࢩ࣑࣮ࣗࣞࢩࣙࣥࢆ࠾ࡇ࡞࠸ࠊ❅⣲✵᱁ᏊⅬࡢ఩⨨ࢆồࡵࡓࠋ⌧ᅾࠊࢩ࣑ࣗ
࣮ࣞࢩࣙࣥ࡜ᖹ⾜ࡋ࡚✵᱁ᏊࡢᏑᅾࡢᏳᐃᛶࢆ➨୍ཎ⌮ィ⟬ᐙ࡜ࡢඹྠ◊✲࡟ࡼࡾ㐍ࡵ࡚࠸ࡿࠋ㻌
― 35 ―
༙ᑟయ㔞Ꮚ⛉Ꮫ◊✲ศ㔝
ᩍᤵ
෸ᩍᤵ
ຓᩍ
༤ኈ◊✲ဨ
◊✲ဨ
኱Ꮫ㝔Ꮫ⏕
Ꮫ㒊Ꮫ⏕
≉௵஦ົ⫋ဨ
ᯇᮏ
஭ୖ
኱㔝
㜿㒊
ᑠす
ᒣᇛ
⏕⏣
ᰩᑿ
࿴ᙪ
ᜏ୍ࠊ๓ᶫ ව୕
ᜤ⚽
┈ᏹࠊୖᮧ ᓫྐ
ࡲࡾ
♸௓ࠊዟ⏣ ⪽ᚿࠊ♽∗Ụ 㟹அࠊᒸᮏ ⩧ఃࠊⲏⴝ ೺ኴࠊ⸨஭ 㞝௓
᪸ࠊ㉺⏣ ၨ௓
⨾᪩
a) ᴫせ
㟁Ꮚ࣭ගᏊ➼ࡀ㔞ᏊຊᏛⓗຠᯝ࡟ࡼࡾ⊂≉࡞᣺⯙࠸ࢆࡍࡿᴟᚤ⣽༙ᑟయᵓ㐀㸦㔞Ꮚᵓ㐀㸧ࡣඃࢀࡓᛶ
㉁ࢆᣢࡘ࡜ᮇᚅࡉࢀࡿࠋࡑࡢࡓࡵ࡟ཎᏊⓗᑻᗘ࡛㔞Ꮚᵓ㐀ࢆᙧᡂࡋࠊホ౯ࡍࡿᢏ⾡ࢆ☜❧ࡍࡿࠋྠ᫬࡟
ࢥࣄ࣮ࣞࣥࢺ࡞㟁ᏊἼࡢఏ᧛ࠊගᏊ࡜㟁ᏊἼࡢ㔞Ꮚ┦஫స⏝➼ࡢ㔞Ꮚ≀ᛶ࡟ࡶ࡜࡙ࡃ᪂ࡋ࠸ᴫᛕࡢ༙ᑟ
య⣲Ꮚࡢ๰ฟࢆ┠ᣦࡋࡓ◊✲ࢆ⾜࠺ࠋ
࣮࢝࣎ࣥࢼࣀࢳ࣮ࣗࣈࡸࢢࣛࣇ࢙ࣥࡣࠊ㔞Ꮚᵓ㐀ࢹࣂ࢖ࢫࡢస〇࡟᭷ᮃ࡞≀㉁࡛࠶ࡿࠋ࣮࢝࣎ࣥࢼࣀ
ࢳ࣮ࣗࣈࡢ୍ḟඖⓗ≉ᚩࡸࢢࣛࣇ࢙ࣥࡢ≉ᛶࢆ⏕࠿ࡋ࡚ࠊ㟁⏺ຠᯝࢺࣛࣥࢪࢫࢱࡸ༢୍㟁Ꮚࢺࣛࣥࢪࢫ
ࢱࢆస〇ࡋࠊ༢୍ࡢศᏊࠊ㟁Ꮚࠊ࠾ࡼࡧࢫࣆࣥࢆࢭࣥࢩࣥࢢࡍࡿ⣲Ꮚࢆ㛤Ⓨࡍࡿࠋ⌧ᅾࠊ⇕ CVD ᡂ㛗
ἲࠊ࣐ࣛࣥศගἲࠊཎᏊ㛫ຊ㢧ᚤ㙾ࠊࣇ࢛ࢺ࣑ࣝࢿࢭࣥࢫἲࢆ୰ᚰᢏ⾡࡜ࡋ࡚ࠊ࣮࢝࣎ࣥࢼࣀࢳ࣮ࣗࣈ
ࡢᇶᮏ≉ᛶไᚚࠊ࣮࢝࣎ࣥࢼࣀࢳ࣮ࣗࣈࢹࣂ࢖ࢫࡸࢢࣛࣇ࢙ࣥࢹࣂ࢖ࢫࡢ≉ᛶ㺃ࣉࣟࢭࢫไᚚࠊࡑࡋ࡚
ࡑࢀࡽࡢࢭࣥࢧ࣮ᛂ⏝ࢆࡵࡊࡋࡓ◊✲ࢆ㐍ࡵ࡚࠸ࡿࠋ
b) ᡂᯝ
࣭Ỉᖹ㓄ྥᡂ㛗࣮࢝࣎ࣥࢼࣀࢳ࣮ࣗࣈ࡟ࡼࡿࣂ࢖࢜ࢭࣥࢧ࣮ࡢ㛤Ⓨ
࣮࢝࣎ࣥࢼࣀࢳ࣮ࣗࣈ(CNT)ࢆỈᬗࡢ≉ᐃࡢ⤖
ᬗᵓ㐀ࢆ⏝࠸࡚ CNT ࡢᡂ㛗᪉ྥไᚚࢆ⾜࠺ࡇ࡜
࡟ࡼࡗ࡚ࠊ㧗ឤᗘ࠿ࡘࣜ࢔ࣝࢱ࢖࣒࡟࢔ࣞࣝࢠ࣮
デ᩿ࡀྍ⬟࡞ࢭࣥࢧ࣮ࢆ㛤Ⓨࡋࡓ㸦ᅗ 1㸧ࠋࡇࡢࢹ
ࣂ࢖ࢫࡣᚑ᮶ࡢ Si ᇶᯈୖ࡟స〇ࡋࡓ CNT ࢹࣂ࢖
ࢫ࡜ẚ㍑ࡋࠊ2 ᱆௨ୖ኱ࡁ࡞ࢺࣛࣥࢫࢥࣥࢲࢡࢱ
ࣥࢫࢆ᭷ࡋࡓࠋࡇࢀ࡟ࡼࡾࠊCNT ࢹࣂ࢖ࢫࡢࢻࣞ
࢖ࣥ㟁ὶࡣ⏕యศᏊࡢ㟁Ⲵ࡟ᑐࡋࠊࡼࡾ኱ࡁ࡞ኚ
໬ࢆ♧ࡍࡇ࡜ࡀ♧၀ࡉࢀࠊࢭࣥࢧ࣮ࡢᛶ⬟ྥୖࡀ
ᮇᚅ࡛ࡁࡿࠋࡇࡢ╔᝿ࢆᐇドࡍࡿࡓࡵࠊCNT ࢹࣂ
࢖ࢫࢆ฼⏝ࡋ࡚࢔ࣞࣝࢠ࣮⑕≧ࡢཎᅉᢠయࡢ୍✀
࡛࠶ࡿࣄࢺච␿ࢢࣟࣈࣜࣥ E㸦IgE㸧ࡢ᳨ฟࢆヨࡳ
ࡓࠋࡑࡢ⤖ᯝࠊᚓࡽࢀࡓಙྕࡀእ㒊ࣀ࢖ࢬ࡟ᇙࡶ
ᅗ㸯 Ỉᖹ㓄ྥᡂ㛗࣮࢝࣎ࣥࢼࣀࢳ࣮ࣗࣈࢆ⏝࠸ࡓ
ࢀ࡟ࡃࡃࠊࡼࡾᗈ࠸ࣞࣥࢪ࡛ィ ྍ⬟࡛࠶ࡿࡇ࡜
ࣂ࢖࢜ࢭࣥࢧ࣮ࡢᶍᘧᅗ
ࢆ♧ࡋࡓࠋ
࣭࢖࢜ࣀࣇ࢛࢔ಟ㣭ࢢࣛࣇ࢙ࣥ㟁⏺ຠᯝࢺࣛࣥࢪࢫࢱ࡟ࡼࡿ㑅ᢥⓗ࢖࢜ࣥࡢ᳨ฟ
ࢢࣛࣇ࢙ࣥࡣⅣ⣲ཎᏊࡀ༢୍ᖹ㠃ୖ࡟୪ࢇࡔࢩ࣮ࢺ≧ࡢ≀㉁࡛࠶ࡾࠊࡑࡢ≀⌮ⓗ≉ᛶࡢ᭷⏝ᛶࡼࡾࠊ
ࡉࡲࡊࡲ࡞ศ㔝࡬ࡢᛂ⏝ࡀᮇᚅࡉࢀ࡚࠸ࡿࠋ࢖࢜ࣀࣇ࢛࢔ࢆಟ㣭ࡋࡓࢢࣛࣇ࢙ࣥ㟁⏺ຠᯝࢺࣛࣥࢪࢫࢱ
― 36 ―
ࢆ⏝࠸࡚≉ᐃࡢ࢖࢜ࣥࡢ㑅ᢥⓗ᳨ฟࢆ⾜ࡗ
ࡓࠋᅗ㸰࡟ࢹࣂ࢖ࢫࡢᶍᘧᅗ(a)࡜࢖࢜ࣀࣇ࢛
࢔ࡢศᏊᵓ㐀(b)ࢆ♧ࡍࠋᮏ◊✲࡛ࡣࠊ࢖࢜ࣀ
ࣇ࢛࢔ࡢ୍✀࡜ࡋ࡚ࣂࣜࣀ࣐࢖ࢩࣥࢆ౑⏝
ࡋࠊ࣒࢝ࣜ࢘࢖࢜ࣥ࡟㑅ᢥⓗ࡟᳨ฟࡋࡓࠋ㟁
ゎᾮ୰ࡢ࣒࢝ࣜ࢘࢖࢜ࣥࡢቑຍ࡟క࠸ࠊఏ㐩
≉ᛶࡣ㈇ࡢ᪉ྥ࡬࡜ࢩࣇࢺࡍࡿ஦ࡀほ ࡉ
ࢀࡓࠋ୍᪉ࢼࢺ࣒ࣜ࢘࢖࢜ࣥࢆቑຍࡉࡏ࡚ࡶࠊ
࡯࡜ࢇ࡝ఏᑟᛶኚ໬ࡣほ ࡉࢀ࡞࠿ࡗࡓࠋࡇ
ࢀࡣࣂࣜࣀ࣐࢖ࢩࣥࢆ⏝࠸ࡿ஦࡛࣒࢝ࣜ࢘
࢖࢜ࣥࢆ㑅ᢥⓗ࡟᳨ฟࡋࡓࡇ࡜ࢆ♧ࡋ࡚࠸
ࡿࠋ
(a)
Reference electrode (b)
Valinomycin
Electrode
Si/SiO2
Graphene
ᅗ㸰 Dࢢࣛࣇ࢙ࣥࢆ⏝࠸ࡓ㑅ᢥⓗ࢖᳨࢜ࣥฟࡢᶍᘧᅗ࡜
Eࣂࣜࣀ࣐࢖ࢩࣥࡢศᏊᵓ㐀
࣭࢖࢜ࣥᾮయࢤ࣮ࢺ࠿ࡽ㧗ຠ⋡㟁⏺ࢆ༳ຍࡋࡓ஧ᒙࢢࣛࣇ࢙ࣥࡢࣂࣥࢻࢠࣕࢵࣉไᚚ
ࢢࣛࣇ࢙ࣥࡣ᏶඲࡞஧ḟඖ⤖ᬗ࡛࠶ࡾࠊ㠀ᖖ࡟㧗࠸⛣ືᗘࢆ᭷ࡍࡿࡇ࡜࡛▱ࡽࢀ࡚࠸ࡿࠋ࢖࢜ࣥᾮయ
ࢤ࣮ࢺࢆ฼⏝ࡋ࡚ࠊ஧ᒙࢢࣛࣇ࢙ࣥ࡟㧗ຠ⋡
࡟㟁⏺ࢆ࠿ࡅࡿࡇ࡜࡟ࡼࡾࠊప㟁ᅽ࡛ࣂࣥࢻ
ࢠࣕࢵࣉࢆ⏕ᡂࡋࡓࠋᅗ㸱࡟࢖࢜ࣥᾮయࢤ࣮
ࢺࢆ᭷ࡍࡿࢢࣛࣇ࢙ࣥ㟁⏺ຠᯝࢺࣛࣥࢪࢫ
ࢱࢆ♧ࡍࠋ࢖࢜ࣥᾮయࢤ࣮ࢺ࠿ࡽ༳ຍࡍࡿࡇ
࡜࡟ࡼࡾࠊ┦஫ࢥࣥࢲࢡࢱࣥࢫࡢ್ࡀᩘ༑ಸ
ྥୖࡋࠊຠ⋡ࡼࡃࢢࣛࣇ࢙ࣥ࡟㟁⏺ࢆ୚࠼ࡿ
ࡇ࡜ࡀ࡛ࡁࡿࡇ࡜ࡀ᫂ࡽ࠿࡟࡞ࡗࡓࠋࡉࡽ࡟
ᗘኚ໬ࡢ ᐃ࡟ࡼࡾࠊ-3.0V ࡜࠸࠺ప㟁ᅽ
࡛ࠊ235meV ⛬ᗘࡢࣂࣥࢻࢠࣕࢵࣉࡀ⏕ᡂࡋ
ࡓࡇ࡜ࡀࢃ࠿ࡗࡓࠋ ᅗ㸱 ࢖࢜ࣥᾮయࢤ࣮ࢺࢆ᭷ࡍࡿࢢࣛࣇ࢙ࣥ㟁⏺
ຠᯝࢺࣛࣥࢪࢫࢱࡢᶍᘧᅗ
― 37 ―
ඛ㐍㟁Ꮚࢹࣂ࢖ࢫ◊✲ศ㔝
ᩍᤵ
෸ᩍᤵ
≉௵෸ᩍᤵ
ຓᩍ
≉௵ຓᩍ
≉௵◊✲ဨ
ᢏ⾡⿵బဨ
኱Ꮫ㝔Ꮫ⏕
஦ົ⿵బဨ
➉㇂ ⣧୍
㡲⸨ Ꮥ୍
ᒸᮏ ᩄᏹ
᳜ᮧ 㝯ᩥ
୕ὠ஭ ぶᙪ㸦ᖹᡂ 23 ᖺ 4 ᭶ 1 ᪥᥇⏝㸧
㓇஭ ㅬ୍ࠊᒣᓊ ṇ࿴ࠊ୕㍯ ୍ඖࠊᘅ℩ ཭㔛ࠊᮤ ୓⇩
㞴Ἴ ┤Ꮚࠊὥ ᝟႐ࠊ⏣୰ ᭷⣖
ᒸ⏣ ᝆᝅࠊ୰ᒣ ೺࿃ࠊ୰ཎ ຾ṇࠊῧ⏣ ῟ྐࠊ㧗ᵳ ᭷୍ࠊ༓⩚ ῟ஓࠊ
୕Ꮿ ㅬḟ㑻ࠊ໭ᒸ ៅ
ୖ㔝 ☻ගࠊ᱒ᒣ ⿱Ꮚ
a) ᴫせ
ᆅ⌫つᶍࡢ⎔ቃኚ໬ࡸᛴ⃭࡞ᑡᏊ㧗㱋໬࡟ࡼࡿ♫఍ᵓ㐀ኚ໬ࡀ㐍ࡴ୰ࠊḟୡ௦ࡢ㟁Ꮚࢹࣂ࢖ࢫ࡟ࡣࠊ
᭦࡞ࡿ฼౽ᛶ࡜⎔ቃไ⣙ࢆ㚷ࡳࡓከᵝᛶࡀồࡵࡽࢀ࡚࠸ࡲࡍࠋࡇ࠺ࡋࡓ⫼ᬒࡢ୰ࠊᐜ࡛᫆Ᏻ౯ࠊ⎔ቃ㈇
Ⲵࡀᑠࡉ࠸〇㐀ࣉࣟࢭࢫࡸᶵᲔⓗᰂ㌾ᛶ࡜࠸ࡗࡓ㨩ຊࢆ᭷ࡍࡿ᭷ᶵ༙ᑟయᮦᩱ࡬ࡢᮇᚅࡀ㧗ࡲࡗ࡚࠸
ࡲࡍࠋᮏ◊✲ศ㔝࡛ࡣࠊࢹࣂ࢖ࢫᶵ⬟ࡢ※࡜࡞ࡿ᪂ࡓ࡞᭷ᶵ༙ᑟయ⾲㠃࣭⏺㠃ࡢ㛤Ⓨ࡜ࡑࡇ࡛ࡢ㟁Ꮚఏ
ᑟ⌧㇟ࢆ࣮࣋ࢫ࡜ࡋࡓ≀㉁⛉Ꮫ◊✲ࠊࡲࡓࠊࡑࡢ⤖ᯝࢆ᭷ᶵ࢚ࣞࢡࢺࣟࢽࢡࢫ⏘ᴗ࡟⤖ࡧ௜ࡅࡿᛂ⏝㛤
Ⓨ◊✲ࢆከゅⓗ࡟ᒎ㛤ࡋ࡚࠸ࡲࡍࠋ
b) ᡂᯝ
࣭୕ḟඖᵓ㐀ࢆ⏝࠸ࡓ㧗㏿ືసྍ⬟࡞ࣇࣞ࢟ࢩࣈࣝ᭷ᶵ㟁⏺ຠᯝࢺࣛࣥࢪࢫࢱࡢ㛤Ⓨ
᭷ ᶵ 㟁 ⏺ ຠ ᯝ ࢺ ࣛ ࣥ ࢪ ࢫ ࢱ 㸦 Organic
Field-Effect Transistors; OFETs㸧ࡣࠊ⎔ቃ㈇Ⲵࡀ
ᑠࡉ࠸⡆౽࡞ࣉࣟࢭࢫ࡛స〇࡛ࡁࠊ㍍㔞࣭ࣇ
ࣞ࢟ࢩࣈࣝ࡜࠸ࡗࡓࣘࢽ࣮ࢡ࡞≉ᚩࢆᣢࡘࡓ
ࡵࠊḟୡ௦࢚ࣞࢡࢺࣟࢽࢡࢫࡢㄽ⌮⣲Ꮚࢆᙧ
ᡂࡍࡿୖ࡛㠀ᖖ࡟㔜せ࡞ࢹࣂ࢖ࢫ࡛࠶ࡿࠋᮏ
◊✲࡛ࡣࠊ㏻ᖖࠊ஧ḟඖᖹ㠃ෆ࡟స〇ࡉࢀࡿ
᭷ᶵࢺࣛࣥࢪࢫࢱᵓ㐀ࢆ୕ḟඖࡢᵓ㐀యࡢୖ
࡟స〇ࡋࠊᵓ㐀యࡢቨࢆࢺࣛࣥࢪࢫࢱࢳࣕࢿ
ࣝ࡜ࡋ࡚⏝࠸ࡿࡇ࡜࡟ࡼࡾࠊࢳࣕࢿࣝ㛗⣙ 1
ȝm ࡢ▷ࢳࣕࢿࣝࢺࣛࣥࢪࢫࢱࢆస〇ࡋࡓࠋࡇ
ࡢ⣲Ꮚస〇ἲ࡛ࡣᖹ㠃ᆺࡢ OFETs ࡟ẚ࡭ࠊ▷
ࢳࣕࢿࣝࢺࣛࣥࢪࢫࢱࡢస〇ࡀᐜ࡛᫆࠶ࡿࠋ
ᅗ㸯 ࣉࣛࢫࢳࢵࢡᇶᯈୖࡢ୕ḟඖ᭷ᶵࢺࣛࣥࢪࢫࢱࡢᵓ㐀
ࡇࡢᡭἲࢆ⏝࠸࡚ࢳࣕࢿࣝ㛗 1 ȝm ࢆᐇ⌧ࡋࡓ
DEࠊ⣲Ꮚࡢ෗┿F࡜ 6(0 ⏬ീG
ࡇ࡜࡟ࡼࡾࠊᛂ⟅᫬㛫 250 ns ࡛ࡢ㧗㏿ࢫ࢖ࢵ
ࢳࣥࢢࢆ㐩ᡂࡋࡓࠋࡲࡓࠊࣉࣛࢫࢳࢵࢡᇶᯈୖ࡟⣲Ꮚࢆస〇ࡍࡿࡇ࡜࡟ࡶᡂຌࡋࠊࢺࣛࣥࢪࢫࢱືసࡢ
᭤ࡆ⪏ᛶホ౯ࢆ⾜ࡗࡓࠋࡑࡢ⤖ᯝࠊ᭤⋡༙ᚄ 8 mm ࡲ࡛ࡣࢺࣛࣥࢪࢫࢱ㟁ὶࡣኚ໬ࡏࡎࠊᇶᯈࡢ᭤ࡆ࡟
ᑐࡋ࡚⪏ᛶࢆ᭷ࡍࡿࣇࣞ࢟ࢩࣈࣝࢺࣛࣥࢪࢫࢱࡢస〇࡟ᡂຌࡋࡓࠋ
࣭኱Ẽ୰Ᏻᐃ࡞㧗ᛶ⬟ n ᆺ᭷ᶵࢺࣛࣥࢪࢫࢱࡢస〇
㏆ᖺࠊOFETs ࡢᛶ⬟ࡢྥୖࡣ┠ぬࡲࡋࡃࠊ≉࡟ p ᆺࡢ OFETs ࡛ࡣ኱Ẽ୰࡟࠾ࡅࡿ⡆౽࡞ሬᕸἲ࡟ࡼࡗ
࡚⛣ືᗘࡀ 10 cm2/Vs ࢆ㉸࠼ࡿ㧗ᛶ⬟࡞ OFETs ࡀᚓࡽࢀࡿࡼ࠺࡟࡞ࡗ࡚࠸ࡿࠋ୍᪉࡛ྠᵝࡢ n ᆺ OFETs
― 38 ―
ࡢ⛣ືᗘࡣ 1 cm2/Vs ᮍ‶࡛࠶ࡾࠊp ᆺࠊn ᆺࡢ୧
᪉ࡢࢺࣛࣥࢪࢫࢱࡀᚲせ࡜࡞ࡿㄽ⌮₇⟬⣲Ꮚࡢ
㧗㏿໬ࡢࡓࡵ࡟ࡣࠊn ᆺ OFETs ࡢ㧗ᛶ⬟໬ࡀᮃ
ࡲࢀ࡚࠸ࡿࠋࡑࡇ࡛ᮏ◊✲࡛ࡣࠊ኱Ẽ୰࡛ẚ㍑
ⓗᏳᐃ࡞ࢺࣛࣥࢪࢫࢱືసࡀ☜ㄆࡉࢀ࡚࠸ࡿ N,
N’- 1H ,1H- perfluorobutyldicyanoperylene
-carboxydi -imide (PDIF-CN2)ࢆཎᩱ࡜ࡋ࡚ࠊ⊂⮬
ࡢሬᕸ⤖ᬗ໬ἲࢆ⏝࠸ࡿࡇ࡜࡟ࡼࡗ࡚ n ᆺ
OFETs ࡢస〇ࢆ⾜ࡗࡓࠋࡑࡢ⤖ᯝࠊ㧗࠸⤖ᬗᛶ
ࢆ᭷ࡍࡿ஧ḟඖ⤖ᬗ⭷ࡢస〇࡟ᡂຌࡋࠊᚓࡽࢀ
ᅗ㸰 ሬᕸ⤖ᬗ໬ἲࡢᶍᘧᅗDࠊ3',)&1 ࡢศᏊᵓ㐀Eࠊ
ࡓ⭷ࢆ⏝࠸࡚స〇ࡋࡓ OFETs ࡛ࡣ᭱㧗࡛ 1.3
஧ḟඖ⤖ᬗ⭷ࡢගᏛ㢧ᚤ㙾ീ࡜೫ග㢧ᚤ㙾ീFG
cm2/Vs ࡢ⛣ືᗘࡀ☜ㄆࡉࢀࡓࠋస〇ࡋࡓࢺࣛࣥ
ࢪࢫࢱࡣ኱Ẽ୰࡛Ᏻᐃ࡟ືసࡋࠊሬᕸἲ࡟ࡼࡿస〇ࡀྍ⬟࡞ n ᆺ OFETs ࡜ࡋ࡚ୡ⏺᭱㧗ᛶ⬟ࢆᐇ⌧ࡋࡓࠋ
ࡲࡓࠊྠᵝࡢሬᕸ⤖ᬗ໬ἲࢆ⏝࠸࡚స〇ࡋࡓ p ᆺ OFETs ࡜⤌ࡳྜࢃࡏࡿࡇ࡜࡟ࡼࡾࠊ࢖ࣥࣂ࣮ࢱ࣮ᅇ㊰
ࡢືస࡟ࡶᡂຌࡋࡓࠋ
࣭ᅽຊୗ࡟࠾ࡅࡿ OFETs ࡢ㟁Ẽఏᑟ≉ᛶホ౯
OFETs ࡢ᭦࡞ࡿ㧗ᛶ⬟໬ࡢࡓࡵࠊࡑࡢఏᑟ≉ᛶࢆỴᐃࡍࡿ࣓࢝ࢽࢬ࣒ࡢゎ᫂ࡀᮃࡲࢀ࡚࠸ࡿࠋ᭷ᶵ༙
ᑟయࡢఏᑟᛶࡣࠊȧඹᙺ⣔᭷ᶵศᏊ㛫ࡢȧ㌶㐨ࡢ࣮࢜ࣂ࣮ࣛࢵࣉࡢ኱ࡁࡉ࡟౫Ꮡࡍࡿࡓࡵࠊ⤖ᬗ᱁Ꮚࡢ
ኚ໬࡟ᩄឤ࡟ᛂ⟅ࡍࡿࠋࡑࡇ࡛ᮏ◊✲࡛ࡣࠊᅽຊ༳ຍ࡟
ࡼࡿศᏊ㛫㊥㞳ࡢ཰⦰ࢆ㏻ࡋ࡚ࠊ᭷ᶵ༙ᑟయࡢ㍺㏦≉ᛶ
࡟ࡘ࠸࡚ホ౯ࢆ⾜ࡗࡓࠋࣝࣈࣞࣥ༢⤖ᬗࢆ⏝࠸࡚ᐇ㦂ࢆ
⾜ࡗࡓ⤖ᯝࠊᅽຊ༳ຍ࡟ᛂࡌࡓ⛣ືᗘࡢୖ᪼ࡀ☜ㄆࡉࢀ
ࡓࠋࡇࢀࡣᅽຊ༳ຍ࡟ࡼࡗ࡚㞄᥋ศᏊࡢ㊥㞳ࡀ⦰ࡲࡾࠊ
ȧ㌶㐨ࡢ࣮࢜ࣂ࣮ࣛࢵࣉࡀ኱ࡁࡃ࡞ࡗࡓࡇ࡜࡟ᑐᛂࡍࡿࠋ
ࡲࡓࠊ600 MPa ௨㝆࡛ࡣ⛣ືᗘࡀῶᑡࡍࡿ࡜࠸࠺⯆࿡῝
࠸⌧㇟ࡶ☜ㄆࡉࢀࡓࠋࡇࡢ⤖ᯝࡣ⤖ᬗᵓ㐀ࡢኚ໬࡜ࠊ㞄
ᅗ㸱 ᅽຊຠᯝ ᐃࢭࣝࡢᶍᘧᅗD࡜
᥋ศᏊࡢȧ㌶㐨ࡢ࣮࢜ࣂ࣮ࣛࢵࣉࡢ㛵㐃ᛶࢆ᫂☜࡟♧ࡍ
ࢹࣂ࢖ࢫᵓ㐀E
⤖ᯝ࡛࠶ࡿࠋ
࣭㧗⛣ືᗘሬᕸᆺ᭷ᶵࢺࣛࣥࢪࢫࢱࢆ⏝࠸ࡓᾮᬗࢹ࢕ࢫࣉࣞ࢖ࡢ㛤Ⓨ
ሬᕸᆺ OFETs ࡣ༳ๅᢏ⾡ࡢᛂ⏝࡟ࡼࡗ࡚స〇ྍ⬟࡛࠶ࡿࡓࡵࠊస〇ࣉࣟࢭࢫࡢ⡆␎໬ࠊࢹࣂ࢖ࢫࡢ኱
㠃✚໬ࡀᐜ࡛᫆࠶ࡾࠊࣉࣜࣥࢸࢵࢻ࢚ࣞࢡࢺࣟࢽࢡࢫࡢ㔜せ࡞ᵓᡂせ⣲࡜ࡋ࡚ᮇᚅࡉࢀ࡚࠸ࡿࠋ⌧ᅾ᭱
ࡶᛂ⏝ࡀᮇᚅࡉࢀ࡚࠸ࡿࡢࡀࢹ࢕ࢫࣉࣞ࢖࡬ࡢᛂ⏝࡛࠶ࡾࠊࣇࣞ࢟ࢩࣈࣝ࡞㟁Ꮚ࣮࣌ࣃ࣮ࠊ᭷ᶵ EL ࢹ
࢕ࢫࣉࣞ࢖ࡢ〇ရ໬ࡀᮇᚅࡉࢀ࡚࠸ࡿࠋᮏ◊✲࡛ࡣࠊᙜ◊✲ศ㔝ࡀ᭷ࡍࡿሬᕸᆺ㧗⛣ືᗘ᭷ᶵࢺࣛࣥࢪ
ࢫࢱࡢస〇ᢏ⾡ࢆ⏝࠸࡚ࠊᾮᬗࢹ࢕
ࢫࣉࣞ࢖ࡢヨస㛤Ⓨࢆ⾜ࡗࡓࠋヨస
ࡋࡓࢹ࢕ࢫࣉࣞ࢖ࡢ኱ࡁࡉࡣᑐゅ
2.3 ࢖ࣥࢳࠊࣆࢡࢭࣝᩘࡣ 30 x 23
pixelsࠊゎീᗘࡣ 17 ppi ࡛࠶ࡿࠋࣃࢿ
ࣝࡢస〇࡛ࡣሬᕸ⤖ᬗ⭷ࡢ࣐ࢺࣜࢡ
ࢫ࢔ࣞ࢖໬࡟ᡂຌࡋࠊࣆࢡࢭࣝࢺࣛ
ࣥࢪࢫࢱࡢᖹᆒ⛣ືᗘࡣ⣙ 3 cm2/Vs
ࡀᚓࡽࢀࡓࠋOFETs ࢆ⏝࠸࡚స〇ࡋ
ࡓ࢔ࢡࢸ࢕ࣈ࣐ࢺࣜࢡࢫࣂࢵࢡࣉࣞ
ᅗ㸲 ヨసࡋࡓ 2)(7V 㥑ືᾮᬗࢹ࢕ࢫࣉࣞ࢖ࣃࢿࣝD
࣮ࣥ࡜ࡋ࡚ୡ⏺᭱㧗ᛶ⬟ࡢࢫ࢖ࢵࢳ
ࣆࢡࢭࣝࢺࣛࣥࢪࢫࢱࡢఏ㐩≉ᛶE
ࣥࢢᛶ⬟ࢆ᭷ࡍࡿࣃࢿࣝࡢヨస࡟ᡂ
ຌࡋࡓࠋ
― 39 ―
」ྜ▱⬟࣓ࢹ࢕࢔◊✲ศ㔝
ᩍᤵ
෸ᩍᤵ
ຓᩍ
≉௵ㅮᖌ
≉௵ຓᩍ
༤ኈ◊✲ဨ
኱Ꮫ㝔Ꮫ⏕
◊✲⏕
Ꮫ㒊Ꮫ⏕
஦ົ⿵బဨ
ඵᮌ ᗣྐ
ྥᕝ ᗣ༤
ᵐཎ 㟹ࠊ‶ୖ ⫱ஂ
ᮧᯇ ኱࿃ࠊἼ㒊 ᩧ㸦ᖹᡂ 23 ᖺ 12 ᭶ 1 ᪥㹼ᖹᡂ 24 ᖺ 3 ᭶ 31 ᪥㸧
⋤ ྩ⛅ࠊ⳹ ᫓⏕ࠊᒣῧ ኱୔
ࣦ ࣁ࢖ ࠊ࢔ࣝ ࣔࣥࢫ࣮ࣝࠊࢳࣗࣥ ࢱࣥ ࢦࠊ୰⃝ ‶
ᮌᡞฟ ṇ⥅㸦ᖹᡂ 23 ᖺ 12 ᭶ 1 ᪥㹼ᖹᡂ 24 ᖺ 3 ᭶ 31 ᪥㸧
ᒾ㛫 ᬕஅࠊ⏣ᕝ ⪷୍ࠊୖᮧ ᣅ▮ࠊ㜰ୗ ࿴ᘯࠊᰗᕝ ⏤⣖Ꮚ
㉥Ụ ┤ᶞࠊ஭ୗ ᬛຍࠊ᳃ཱྀ ⩧⏕
ᕝྜ ㄹࠊⓑ⚄ ᗣᖹࠊ㧗㇂ ๛ᚿࠊ୰ᓥ ⚽┿
࿘ ᡂ⳥㸦ᖹᡂ 23 ᖺ 10 ᭶ 1 ᪥㹼ᖹᡂ 24 ᖺ 3 ᭶ 31 ᪥㸧
ᑠᕝ ᣅஓࠊ⏣୰ ㈼୍㑻ࠊ⸨ཎ 㞝௓ࠊBetria Silvana Rossa
㣤ᒣ ளᘺࠊධỤ ὒᏊࠊᯇᮏ ెᏊࠊ኱Ἑෆ Ⰻ⨾ࠊ஭ཱྀ ⨾㤶
a) ᴫせ
ᮏ◊✲ศ㔝࡛ࡣࠊࢥࣥࣆ࣮ࣗࢱࣅࢪࣙࣥ࡜࣓ࢹ࢕࢔ฎ⌮࡟㛵ࡍࡿ◊✲ࢆࡋ࡚࠸ࡿࠋࢭࣥࢧࢹࢨ࢖ࣥࡸ
࣓࢝ࣛᰯṇ࡞࡝ࡢᇶ♏ᢏ⾡࠿ࡽࠊィ⟬ᶵࡸࣟ࣎ࢵࢺ࡟㧗ᗘ࡞どぬᶵ⬟ࢆ୚࠼ࡿࡇ࡜ࢆ┠ᣦࡋࡓ▱⬟ࢩࢫ
ࢸ࣒ࡢ㛤Ⓨࡲ࡛ࠊどぬ᝟ሗฎ⌮࡟㛵ࡍࡿᖜᗈ࠸ࢸ࣮࣐ࢆᢅࡗ࡚࠸ࡿࠋ౛࠼ࡤࠊ㸯ྎࡢ࣓࡛࢝ࣛ࿘ᅖ 360
ᗘࡢ㏆᥋≀యࢆ᳨ฟ࡛ࡁࡿ」║඲᪉఩ࢭࣥࢧࠊ඲᪉఩ࢭࣥࢧࡢ᧜ീ⣔ᰯṇࠊෆど㙾ᫎീ࡟ࡼࡿデ᩿ᨭ᥼
ࡢࡓࡵࡢᫎീゎᯒࠊ≀యࡢ཯ᑕ≉ᛶࡢィ ࡜ CG ࡬ࡢᛂ⏝ࠊᗈᇦ┘どࡢࡓࡵࡢṌᐜㄆドࠊ▱⬟⛣ືࣟ࣎
ࢵࢺࡢࡓࡵࡢ⎔ቃࣔࢹࣜࣥࢢ࡞࡝ࡢ◊✲ࢆࡋ࡚࠸ࡿࠋ
b) ᡂᯝ
࣭༢୍ᩓ஘ࡢῶ⾶࡟ᇶ࡙ࡃ༙㏱᫂≀యࡢᙧ≧᥎ᐃ
ᮏ◊✲࡛ࡣ༢୍ᩓ஘ࡢῶ⾶࡟ᇶ࡙࠸࡚༙㏱᫂≀యࡢᙧ≧ࢆ᥎ᐃ
ࡍࡿࡓࡵࡢ᪂ࡓ࡞ᡭἲࢆᥦ᱌ࡍࡿࠋ
༢୍ᩓ஘ࡣධᑕගࡀ≀య୰୍࡛
ᗘࡔࡅ⢏Ꮚ࡜⾪✺ࡍࡿࡇ࡜࡛㉳ࡇࡾࠊග㊰ࡸග㊰㛗࡟ᛂࡌࡓῶ⾶ࡢ
ゎᯒࡀẚ㍑ⓗᐜ࡛᫆࠶ࡿࠋࡑࡇ࡛ࠊᩓ஘ග࠿ࡽ༢୍ᩓ஘ᡂศࢆศ㞳
ࡋࠊගࡢῶ⾶ࣔࢹࣝࢆᙜ࡚ࡣࡵࡿࡇ࡜࡛ᙧ≧ࢆ᥎ᐃࡍࡿࠋࡉࡽ࡟ࠊ
≀యࡢᩓ஘≉ᛶ࡜᥎ᐃᙧ≧࡟ࡣ᭕᫕ᛶࡀᏑᅾࡍࡿࡀࠊ↷᫂ࡢධᑕ఩
⨨ࢆࡎࡽࡋ࡞ࡀࡽ᧜ᙳࡋࡓ」ᩘࡢ㍤ᗘ್ࢆ⏝࠸ࡿࡇ࡜࡛᭕᫕ᛶࢆ
ゎᾘ࡛ࡁࡿࡇ࡜ࢆ♧ࡍࠋᐇ㦂࡟ࡼࡾࠊ༢୍ᩓ஘ࡀᙧ≧ィ ࡢᡭ᥃࠿
ࡾ࡜ࡋ࡚฼⏝࡛ࡁࡿࡇ࡜ࢆ☜ㄆࡋࡓࠋ
࣭ගఏ᧛ࡢゎᯒ࡟ࡼࡿᆒ୍࡞ᩓ஘፹యෆ㒊ࡢ㐽ⶸ≀ศᕸ᥎ᐃ
ᮏ◊✲࡛ࡣࠊගࢆ྾཰ࡍࡿ㐽ⶸ≀ࢆෆ㒊࡟ྵࡴᆒ୍࡞ᩓ஘፹య࡟ᑐࡋ࡚ࠊ」ᩘ఩
⨨࠿ࡽගࢆ↷ᑕࡋ࡚ྲྀᚓࡋࡓගᙉᗘࢆᇶ࡟ගఏ᧛ࢆゎᯒࡋࠊࡑࡢ㐽ⶸ≀ࡢศᕸࢆ᥎
ᐃࡍࡿᡭἲࢆᥦ᱌ࡍࡿࠋࡇࡢၥ㢟ࡣࠊᩓ஘፹యࡢෆ㒊᝟ሗࢆᇶ࡟ගᙉᗘࢆ᥎ᐃࡍࡿ
㡰ၥ㢟࡟ᑐࡋ࡚ࠊ㏫ၥ㢟࡜ࡋ࡚఩⨨࡙ࡅࡽࢀ࡚࠾ࡾࠊࡑࡢゎἲࡢከࡃࡣගࡢ㏱㐣ᛶ
ࢆ௬ᐃࡋ࡚࠸ࡿࡇ࡜࠿ࡽࠊᙉ࠸ᩓ஘ࢆక࠺፹యࢆᑐ㇟࡜ࡍࡿࡇ࡜ࡀᅔ㞴࡛࠶ࡗࡓࠋ
ᮏᡭἲ࡛ࡣࠊᑐ㇟ෆ㒊࡟࠾࠸࡚ࣛࣥࢲ࣒࡟㑅ᢥࡋࡓᩓ஘Ⅼ࠿ࡽගఏ᧛ࡢග㊰ࢆ」ᩘ
Ỵᐃࡋࠊ㐽ⶸ≀ࡢᏑᅾᑬᗘࢆྛග㊰ୖ࡬࡜ᢞ⚊ࡍࡿࡇ࡜࡛ࡇࢀࢆゎࡃࠋᮏᡭἲࡢ᭷
ຠᛶࢆ♧ࡍࡓࡵࠊ㐽ⶸ≀ࡢศᕸࢆኚ໬ࡉࡏࡓࢩ࣑࣮ࣗࣞࢩࣙࣥᐇ㦂࡟࠾࠸࡚ࠊ㡰ၥ
― 40 ―
㢟࡛ྲྀᚓࡋࡓගᙉᗘࢆᇶ࡟㏫ၥ㢟ࢆゎࡁࠊࡑࡢศᕸࡀ኱ࡲ࠿࡟᥎ᐃ࡛ࡁࡿࡇ࡜ࢆ☜ㄆࡋࡓࠋ
࣭పࣇ࣮࣒࣮ࣞࣞࢺᫎീ࠿ࡽࡢ࿘ᮇ⏬ീิ᚟ඖ࡟ࡼࡿṌᐜ
ㄆド
㏆ᖺࠊᗈᇦ┘どࡸ≢⨥ᤚᰝ➼ࢆ┠ⓗ࡜ࡋ࡚ேࡢṌࡁ᪉ࡢ
ಶᛶ࡟ᇶ࡙ࡃಶேㄆド࡛࠶ࡿṌᐜㄆドࡀὀ┠ࢆ㞟ࡵ࡚࠸
ࡿࠋ୍⯡ⓗ࡟ࠊ㜵≢࣓࢝ࣛ࡟ࡼࡿᫎീࡣ㏻ಙᖏᇦࡸグ㘓⿦
⨨ࡢᐜ㔞ࡢไ㝈࠿ࡽࠊపࣇ࣮࣒࣮ࣞࣞࢺ࡛᧜ᙳࡉࢀ࡚࠸ࡿ
ࡇ࡜ࡀከࡃࠊᫎീ୰࡟ྵࡲࢀࡿṌᐜࡢ఩┦㸦ጼໃ㸧ࡀ␯࡟
࡞ࡿࡓࡵࠊపࣇ࣮࣒࣮ࣞࣞࢺᫎീྠኈࡢ↷ྜࡣᅔ㞴࡛࠶ࡿࠋ
ࡑࡇ࡛ᮏ◊✲࡛ࡣࠊ෌ᵓᡂᆺࡢ᫬㛫㉸ゎീ࡜஦౛࣮࣋ࢫࡢ
᫬㛫㉸ゎീࢆ⤌ࡳྜࢃࡏࠊపࣇ࣮࣒࣮ࣞࣞࢺࡢṌᐜ⏬ീิ
࠿ࡽ㧗ࣇ࣮࣒࣮ࣞࣞࢺࡢṌᐜ࿘ᮇ⏬ീิࢆ⏕ᡂࡍࡿࡇ࡜
࡛ࠊ↷ྜࢆྍ⬟࡟ࡍࡿࠋලయⓗ࡟ࡣࠊṌᐜ⏬ീิࢆᅛ᭷✵
㛫࡟࠾ࡅࡿ఩┦ࢆࣃ࣓࣮ࣛࢱ࡜ࡋࡓṌᐜ㌶㊧࡜ࡋ࡚ᤊ࠼ࠊ
」ᩘࡢㄆ㆑ᑐ㇟እ⿕㦂⪅ࡢṌᐜ㌶㊧ࢆᏛ⩦ࢹ࣮ࢱ࡜ࡋ࡚ࠊ
࢚ࢿࣝࢠ࣮᭱ᑠ໬ࡢᯟ⤌ࡳ࡟࠾࠸࡚ධຊ⏬ീࡢ఩┦᥎ᐃ
࡜Ṍᐜ㌶㊧ࡢ᚟ඖࢆ⧞ࡾ㏉ࡋ⾜࠺ࡇ࡜࡛ࠊ㧗ࣇ࣮࣒࣮ࣞࣞ
ࢺࡢṌᐜ࿘ᮇ⏬ീิࢆ⏕ᡂࡍࡿࠋ100 ேࡢ⿕㦂⪅ࡢṌᐜࢹ
࣮ࢱࢆ⏝࠸ࡓㄆドᐇ㦂࡟ࡼࡾࠊᮏᡭἲࡢ᭷ຠᛶࢆ☜ㄆࡋࡓࠋ
࣭␯࡞≉ᚩⅬ࡜㙾㠃཯ᑕࢆ⏝࠸ࡓ୕ḟඖᙧ≧᥎ᐃ
ᮏ◊✲࡛ࡣࠊᑐ㇟≀యࢆ࣓࡛࢝ࣛ᧜ᙳࡋࡓ㝿࡟ᚓࡽࢀࡿ
␯࡞≉ᚩⅬ࡜㙾㠃཯ᑕ࠿ࡽᐦ࡞୕ḟඖᙧ≧᚟ඖࢆ⾜࠺ᡭ
ἲࢆᥦ᱌ࡍࡿࠋ୕ḟඖᙧ≧᚟ඖᡭἲ࡜ࡋ࡚ࠊ㏆ᖺࠊStructure
from Motion ࡜ Multi-view stereo ࢆ⤌ࡳྜࢃࡏ࡚⏝࠸ࡿ᪉
ἲࡀࡼࡃ฼⏝ࡉࢀࡿࡀࠊࡇࡢ᪉ἲ࡛ࡣࢸࢡࢫࢳࣕࡀᑡ࡞࠸
ගἑ≀యࢆ࠺ࡲࡃ᚟ඖ࡛ࡁ࡞࠸ࠋᥦ᱌ᡭἲࡣࠊࡇࡢࡼ࠺࡞
≀య࡟ᑐࡋ࡚≉࡟᭷ຠ࡞ᡭἲ࡜ࡋ࡚タィࡉࢀ࡚࠸ࡿࠋᥦ᱌
ᡭἲ࡛ࡣࡲࡎࠊᑐ㇟≀యࢆ」ᩘࡢどⅬ࠿ࡽ᧜ᙳࡋࡓ⏬ീࢆ
⏝࠸࡚ࠊࡑࡇ࠿ࡽ␯࡞୕ḟඖⅬ⩌࡜㙾㠃཯ᑕࣁ࢖ࣛ࢖ࢺࢆ
⋓ᚓࡍࡿࠋࡑࡋ࡚ࠊᑐ㇟≀యࡢ⾲㠃ࢆᒁᡤⓗ࡟ከ㡯ᘧ᭤㠃
࡛ࣔࢹࣝ໬ࡋࠊ୕ḟඖⅬ⩌࡜㙾㠃཯ᑕ࠿ࡽᚓࡽࢀࡿἲ⥺᝟
ሗࢆ⏝࠸࡚ࡑࡢಀᩘࢆỴᐃࡍࡿࠋࡑࡋ࡚ࠊࡇࡢᒁᡤ᭤㠃ࢆ
⤫ྜࡋ࡚ᑐ㇟඲యࡢ⾲㠃ᙧ≧ࢆᚓࡿࠋ࡞࠾ࠊࡇࡢᡭἲ࡛ࡣࠊ
Ⅼග※ࡀ࣓࢝ࣛࡢどⅬ఩⨨࡟Ꮡᅾࡍࡿ࡜࠸࠺᮲௳ࢆタࡅ
ࡿࠋࡇࡢ᮲௳࡟ࡼࡗ࡚ࠊ㙾㠃཯ᑕࡀほ ࡉࢀࡿⅬࡢἲ⥺ࡣ
࣓࢝ࣛࡢどⅬࢆྥ࠸࡚࠸ࡿࡇ࡜ࡀಖドࡉࢀࠊᥦ᱌ᡭἲࡀᐇ
⌧ࡉࢀ࡚࠸ࡿࠋࡇࡢ᮲௳ࡣࠊ୍ぢ≉Ṧ࡟ぢ࠼ࡿࡀࠊ୍⯡ⓗ
࡞ࣇࣛࢵࢩࣗෆⶶᆺࡢࢹࢪࢱ࣓࡛ࣝ࢝ࣛᑐ㇟≀యࢆ᧜ᙳࡍࡿ㝿࡟ࡣࠊ㏆ఝⓗ࡟ࡇࡢ᮲௳ࢆ‶ࡓࡍࡶࡢ࡜
ᤊ࠼ࡽࢀࡿࡢ࡛ࠊࡑࡢ㐺⏝⠊ᅖࡣᗈ࠸ࠋࡲࡓࠊࡇࡢᥦ᱌ᡭἲࡣࠊ࣓࢝ࣛࡢどⅬ࡟ᏑᅾࡍࡿⅬග※࡟ࡼࡿ
㙾㠃཯ᑕࣁ࢖ࣛ࢖ࢺࡢࡳࢆ⋓ᚓࡍࡿࡓࡵ࡟ᬯᐊෆ࡛᧜ᙳࢆ⾜࠺ࡇ࡜ࢆ๓ᥦ࡜ࡋ࡚࠸ࡿࡀࠊᐇ㝿࡟ࡣྛど
Ⅼ࡟࠾࠸࡚ග※ࢆⅬⅉ࣭ᾘⅉࡋࡓ 2 ᯛࡢ⏬ീࢆ⏝࠸ࡿࡇ࡜࡛ᐜ᫆࡟⎔ቃගࢆ㝖ཤ࡛ࡁࡿࡓࡵࠊ௵ពࡢග
※⎔ቃୗ࡛฼⏝ྍ⬟࡞ỗ⏝ⓗ࡞ᡭἲ࡛࠶ࡿࠋ CG ⏬ീ࠾ࡼࡧᐇ⏬ീࢆ⏝࠸ࡓᐇ㦂ࢆ⾜࠸ࠊᥦ᱌ᡭἲࡢ᭷
ຠᛶࢆ☜ㄆࡋࡓࠋ
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▱⬟᥎ㄽ◊✲ศ㔝
ᩍᤵ
ຓᩍ
≉௵◊✲ဨ
኱Ꮫ㝔Ꮫ⏕
Ꮫ㒊Ꮫ⏕
஦ົ⿵బဨ
㮖ᑿ 㝯
⊦ཱྀ ᫂༤ࠊΎỈ ᫀᖹࠊἙཎ ྜྷఙ
᳜㔝 ๛
ཎ ⪽ࠊ༑Ἑ ὈᘯࠊMarina Demeshkoࠊ✄✚ Ꮥ⣖ࠊᓊᮏ ༟ஓࠊᯇ⏣ ⾗἞ࠊ
ᮤ ⣚ᖹࠊี ወ᫈ࠊ⏣௦ ❳ஓࠊᒣᒸ ṌࠊKittitat Thamvitayakul
ᮡᮏ ࿴ṇࠊ▮㒊 ඖ
ᒸ⏣ ᣑᏊ
a) ᴫせ
ே㛫ࡣࢹ࣮ࢱࢆ═ࡵࠊᵝࠎ࡞ᛮ⪃ࡸ⡆༢࡞⤫ィィ⟬ࢆྵࡴ᥎ㄽࢆ⾜ࡗ࡚ࠊࢹ࣮ࢱ࠿ࡽ▱㆑ࢆㄞࡳྲྀࡿ
ࡇ࡜ࡀ࡛ࡁࡿࠋࡋ࠿ࡋࠊ⌧௦♫఍࡛ࡣࠊࢥࣥࣆ࣮ࣗࢱࢿࢵࢺ࣮࣡ࢡࡸࣘࣅ࢟ࢱࢫࢭࣥࢩࣥࢢᢏ⾡㸦࠸ࡘ
࡛ࡶ࡝ࡇ࡛ࡶᵝࠎ࡞᝟ሗࢆィ ࡛ࡁࡿᢏ⾡㸧ࡢⓎ㐩࡟ࡼࡗ࡚ࠊ⭾኱࡞ࢹ࣮ࢱࢆ୍ᗘ࡟ධᡭࡍࡿᶵ఍ࡀቑ
࠼࡚࠸ࡿࠋࡲࡓࠊࡑࢀࡽࢹ࣮ࢱࡢ୰㌟ࡶ༢⣧࡞ᙧᘧ࡛ࡣ࡞ࡃࠊ᫬⣔ิࡸࢢࣛࣇࠊ⮬↛ᩥ࡞࡝ࠊ」㞧࡞ෆ
ᐜ࡟࡞ࡗ࡚ࡁ࡚࠸ࡿࠋࡇࡢࡼ࠺࡞⭾኱࡛」㞧࡞ࢹ࣮ࢱࢆࠊே㛫ࡢ⬟ຊࡔࡅ࡛ࡍ࡭࡚ฎ⌮ࡍࡿࡢࡣ↓⌮ࡀ
࠶ࡾࠊࢥࣥࣆ࣮ࣗࢱ࡟ࡼࡿゎᯒᨭ᥼ࡸゎᯒ⮬ື໬ࡢᚲせᛶࡀቑࡋ࡚࠸ࡿࠋࡑࡇ࡛ࠊᡃࠎࡢ◊✲ᐊ࡛ࡣࠊ
ࢥࣥࣆ࣮ࣗࢱ࡟⭾኱࡛」㞧࡞ࢹ࣮ࢱ࠿ࡽࡢ▱㆑ࡢㄞࡳྲྀࡾࡸⓎぢࢆࡉࡏࡿࡓࡵࠊࢹ࣮ࢱ࣐࢖ࢽࣥࢢཬࡧ
▱㆑Ⓨぢ࡜࿧ࡤࢀࡿ᥎ㄽ᪉ἲࡸᢏ⾡ࡢ◊✲㛤Ⓨࢆࡋ࡚࠸ࡿࠋࡇࢀ࡟ࡣᵝࠎ࡞᥈⣴ࠊ᳨⣴ࠊ⤫ィࠊ☜⋡ィ
⟬ࠊࢹ࣮ࢱ࣮࣋ࢫࠊࡑࢀࡽࢆ⼥ྜࡋࡓ⌮ㄽࠊᡭἲࠊᢏ⾡ࠊࢩࢫࢸ࣒ࢶ࣮ࣝࡀྵࡲࢀࡿࠋࡑࡋ࡚᭦࡟ࠊࡑ
ࢀࡽᇶ♏◊✲ᡂᯝࢆ⛉Ꮫࠊ᝟ሗࢿࢵࢺ࣮࣡ࢡࠊရ㉁࣭ࣜࢫࢡ⟶⌮ࠊ་⒪ࠊࢭ࢟ࣗࣜࢸ࢕࣮ࠊ࣐࣮ࢣࢸ࢕
ࣥࢢࠊ㔠⼥࡞࡝ࠊᵝࠎ࡞ศ㔝࡟ᙺ❧࡚ࡿᛂ⏝◊✲ࡶ⾜ࡗ࡚࠸ࡿࠋ௒ᖺᗘࡣࠊ㉸㧗ḟඖࢹ࣮ࢱ࠿ࡽࡢ᝟ሗ
᥎ᐃ࣭▱㆑Ⓨぢࠊࢢࣛࣇ⣔ิ࠿ࡽࡢ▱㆑Ⓨぢࠊᅉᯝᵓ㐀᥈⣴ࡢࡓࡵࡢࢹ࣮ࢱゎᯒἲࡢ㛤Ⓨࠊ⤌ྜࡏㄽⓗ
ィ⟬࡟ࡼࡿ㧗ḟඖࢹ࣮ࢱ࠿ࡽࡢ▱㆑Ⓨぢࡢ㸲◊✲ࢸ࣮࣐࡟ࡘ࠸࡚ࠊ௨ୗࡢᡂᯝࢆᚓࡓࠋ
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b) ᡂᯝ
࣭㉸㧗ḟඖࢹ࣮ࢱ࠿ࡽࡢ᝟ሗ᥎ᐃ࣭▱㆑Ⓨぢ
ࢥࣥࣆ࣮ࣗࢱࢿࢵࢺ࣮࣡ࢡ࡜ࣘࣅ࢟ࢱࢫࢭࣥࢩࣥࢢࠊ⛉Ꮫⓗ ᐃᢏ⾡ࡢⓎ㐩࡟ࡼࡗ࡚ࠊ౛࠼ࡤᕧ኱࡞
ࢩࣙࢵࣆࣥࢢ࣮ࣔࣝෆࡢᵝࠎ࡞᮲௳࡛࡝ࢇ࡞ရ≀ࡀ኎ࢀࡓ࠿࡜࠸ࡗࡓࠊࡓࡃࡉࢇࡢ஦㇟࣭≧ែ࡟㛵ࡍࡿ
⭾኱࡞ኚᩘࡢ ᐃࢹ࣮ࢱ㸦㉸㧗ḟඖࢹ࣮ࢱ㸧ࡀ཰㞟࡛ࡁࡿࡼ࠺࡟࡞ࡗ࡚᮶࡚࠸ࡿࠋࡲࡓࠊࢢ࣮ࣟࣂࣝ࡞
ᆅ⌫⎔ቃኚ໬ࡸ㑇ఏᏊ㛫┦஫స⏝ࢿࢵࢺ࣮࣡ࢡ࡞࡝ࠊᕧ኱࡞ᵓ㐀≧ែࡢ ᐃ⤖ᯝࡶ㉸㧗ḟඖᵓ㐀໬ࢹ࣮
ࢱ࡜ࡋ࡚཰㞟ࡉࢀ࡚࠸ࡿࠋᡃࠎࡣࠊࡇࡢࡼ࠺࡞㧗ḟඖ࡛」㞧࡞ᑐ㇟ࢹ࣮ࢱࢆゎᯒࡋ࡚ࠊࡑࡢ࣓࢝ࢽࢬ࣒
࡟㛵ࡍࡿ᝟ሗࡢ᥎ᐃࡸ▱㆑ࢆⓎぢࡍࡿᢏ⾡ࡢ◊✲࡟ྲྀࡾ⤌ࢇ࡛࠸ࡿࠋᮏᖺᗘࡣࠊ᫖ᖺᗘ࡟ᘬࡁ⥆ࡁᩘ༑
࠿ࡽⓒḟඖࡢ≧ែ✵㛫ෆ࡟ᏑᅾࡍࡿศᏊ≧ែ㑄⛣ࢆࣔࣥࢸ࢝ࣝࣟࢩ࣑࣮ࣗࣞࢩࣙࣥࡍࡿᡭἲࡢ◊✲ࢆ
⾜ࡗࡓࠋࡲࡓࠊ᪂࡟ mass ࡜࿧ࡤࢀࡿࢹ࣮ࢱᐦᗘࢆ⾲ࡍᣦᶆ࡜ࡑࢀࢆ⏝࠸ࡓࢡࣛࢫࢱࣜࣥࢢࠊ␗ᖖ᳨್
ฟࠊศ㢮Ꮫ⩦ࢆ⾜࠺ᯟ⤌ࡳࡢ◊✲ࢆ⾜࠸ࠊᚑ᮶ᡭἲࡼࡾࡶ㧗ḟඖࢹ࣮ࢱ࡟ࡘ࠸࡚㧗࠸᭷ຠᛶࢆ♧ࡋࡓࠋ
࣭ࢢࣛࣇ⣔ิ࠿ࡽࡢ▱㆑Ⓨぢ
ࢢࣛࣇࡣ≀஦ࡢ㛵ಀࢆ⾲ࡍࡢ࡟㐺ࡋࡓࢹ࣮ࢱᵓ㐀࡛࠶ࡿࠋ౛࠼ࡤࠊே㛫㛵ಀࡢࢿࢵࢺ࣮࣡ࢡ࡟࠾࠸࡚ࠊ
ேࢆ㡬Ⅼࠊே࡜ேࡢ㛵ಀࢆ㡬Ⅼ࡛⤖ࡪ㎶࡛⾲ࡍ࡜ࠊ࠶ࡿ᫬Ⅼ࡛ࡢே㛫㛵ಀࢿࢵࢺ࣮࣡ࢡࢆࢢࣛࣇ࡟ࡼࡾ
⾲⌧ࡍࡿࡇ࡜ࡀ࡛ࡁࡿࠋࡉࡽ࡟ࠊேࡀࢿࢵࢺ࣮࣡ࢡ࡟ཧຍࠊ㞳⬺ࡍࡿࡇ࡜࡟ࡼࡾࢢࣛࣇࡢ㡬Ⅼࡸ㎶ࡣቑ
ῶࡍࡿࡢ࡛ࠊࡑࡢே㛫㛵ಀࢿࢵࢺ࣮࣡ࢡࡢ᫬㛫ⓗᵓ㐀ኚ໬ࡣࠊࢢࣛࣇࡢ⣔ิ࡜ࡋ࡚⾲ࡍࡇ࡜ࡀྍ⬟࡛࠶
ࡿࠋྠᵝ࡟ࠊ⮬↛ゝㄒฎ⌮ࡢಀࡾཷࡅゎᯒ࡟࠾ࡅࡿ㑄⛣⣔ิࡣࠊ༢ㄒࠊಀࡾཷࡅࠊ≧ែࢆ㡬Ⅼࠊ㎶ࠊࢢ
ࣛࣇ࡜ࡍࡿࢢࣛࣇ⣔ิ࡛⾲⌧࡛ࡁࡿࠋᮏᖺᗘࡣࠊ≧ែ㑄⛣࡟ᇶ࡙ࡃಀࡾཷࡅゎᯒჾ࡟࠾࠸࡚ࠊṇゎ࡟⮳
ࡿࡇ࡜ࡀ࡛ࡁ࡞࠸≧ែ࠿ࡽṇゎ࡬⮳ࡿࡇ࡜ࡀ࡛ࡁࡿ≧ែ࡬≧ែࢆ᭩ࡁ᥮࠼ࡿ㸪᭩ࡁ᥮࠼つ๎ࢆ࣐࢖ࢽࣥ
ࢢࡍࡿ᪉ἲࢆ㛤Ⓨࡋࡓࠋࡲࡓࠊࡑࡢ᭩ࡁ᥮࠼つ๎ࢆ฼⏝ࡍࡿಀࡾཷࡅゎᯒჾࢆ㛤Ⓨࡋࠊ㛤Ⓨࡋࡓᡭἲࡀ
ᚑ᮶ἲࡼࡾࡶ㧗࠸ಀࡾཷࡅṇ⟅⋡࡜࡞ࡿࡇ࡜♧ࡋࡓࠋ
࣭ᅉᯝᵓ㐀᥈⣴ࡢࡓࡵࡢࢹ࣮ࢱゎᯒἲࡢ㛤Ⓨ
ࢹ࣮ࢱ࡟₯ࡴᅉᯝᵓ㐀ࢆ᥎ᐃࡍࡿࡓࡵࡢ⤫ィⓗ᪉ἲࢆ㛤Ⓨ࡟ྲྀࡾ⤌ࢇ࡛࠸ࡿࠋ᥎ᐃࡉࢀࡓᅉᯝᵓ㐀ࡣ
ࢢࣛࣇ࢕࢝ࣝ࡟ᅗ࡜ࡋ࡚⾲⌧ྍ⬟࡞ࡢ࡛ࠊ⤫ィ⛉Ꮫࡢᑓ㛛ᐙ࡛࡞࠸ᛂ⏝◊✲ࡢᑓ㛛ᐙ࡟ࡶ⤖ᯝࢆ⌮ゎࡋ
ࡸࡍ࠸฼Ⅼࡀ࠶ࡿࠋ◊✲࡛ࡣࠊᩘᏛࢆ౑ࡗ࡚࢔ࣝࢦࣜࢬ࣒ࡢṇࡋࡉࢆド᫂ࡋࠊࡑࡢࢯࣇࢺ࢙࢘࢔࡬ࡢᐇ
⿦ࠊ᳨ドࢆ⾜ࡗ࡚࠸ࡿࠋࡲࡓࠊࢯࣇࢺ࢙࢘࢔ࢆබ㛤ࡍࡿࡇ࡜࡛ࠊㄡ࡛ࡶ฼⏝࡛ࡁࡿࡼ࠺࡟ᚰࡀࡅ࡚࠸ࡿࠋ
ࡇࡢᡭἲࡢ᭷ᮃ࡞ᛂ⏝ศ㔝࡜ࡋ࡚ࡣࠊࣂ࢖࢜࢖ࣥࣇ࢛࣐ࢸ࢕ࢡࢫࠊࢽ࣮ࣗࣟ࢖ࣥࣇ࢛࣐ࢸ࢕ࢡࢫࠊ⤒῭
Ꮫࠊᚰ⌮Ꮫࠊ♫఍Ꮫ࡞࡝ࡀᣲࡆࡽࢀࡿࠋᮏᖺᗘࡣࠊࢹ࣮ࢱࡢ㠀࢞࢘ࢫᛶࢆ฼⏝ࡍࡿࡇ࡜࡛ࠊ㑇ఏᏊⓎ⌧
㔞ࡸ⬻Ἴ࡞࡝ࡢࢹ࣮ࢱࢆ౑ࡗ࡚ࠊ㑇ఏᏊ㛫ࡸ⬻㡿ᇦ㛫ࡢᅉᯝᵓ㐀ࢆ᥈⣴࡛ࡁࡿィ⟬࢔ࣝࢦࣜࢬ࣒ࡢ㛤Ⓨ
ࢆ⾜ࡗࡓࠋ≉࡟ࠊᮍほ ஺⤡ኚᩘ࡟㡹೺࡞ᅉᯝᵓ㐀᥎ᐃἲࢆ㛤Ⓨࡋࡓࠋᮍほ ஺⤡ኚᩘ࡟࡝࠺ᑐฎࡍࡿ
࠿ࡣࠊᅉᯝᵓ㐀᥈⣴࡟࠾ࡅࡿ㞴㢟ࡢ୍ࡘ࡛࠶ࡿࠋ㛤Ⓨࡋࡓᡭἲࡣࠊᚑ᮶ἲࡼࡾࡶ⢭ᗘࡀ㧗ࡃಙ㢗ᛶࡢ㧗
࠸᝟ሗࢆࢹ࣮ࢱ࠿ࡽᘬࡁฟࡍࡇ࡜ࡀ࡛ࡁࡿࡇ࡜ࢆ♧ࡋࡓࠋ
࣭⤌ྜࡏㄽⓗィ⟬࡟ࡼࡿ㧗ḟඖࢹ࣮ࢱ࠿ࡽࡢ▱㆑Ⓨぢ
ࢹ࣮ࢱྲྀᚓᢏ⾡ࡢⴭࡋ࠸ྥୖࢆ⫼ᬒ࡟ࠊ㑇ఏᏊࢹ࣮ࢱゎᯒࡸ⮬↛ゝㄒฎ⌮ࠊ⏬ീฎ⌮࡞࡝ࠊᵝࠎ࡞ᕤ
Ꮫⓗၥ㢟࡟࠾࠸࡚ࠊᩘ༓㹼ᩘ༑୓ḟඖ࡜࠸ࡗࡓᴟࡵ࡚㧗ḟඖ࡞ࢹ࣮ࢱࢆᢅ࠺ሙ㠃ࡀከࡃ࡞ࡗ࡚࠸ࡿࠋࡑ
ࡢฎ⌮࡟࠾࠸࡚ࡣࡋࡤࡋࡤࠊఱࡽ࠿ࡢᇶ‽࡛඲ḟඖ࠿ࡽࡑࡢ㒊ศ㞟ྜࢆ㑅ᢥࡍࡿࠊ࡜࠸࠺⤌ྜࡏⓗィ⟬
ࡀᚲせ࡜࡞ࡿࠋ౛࠼ࡤࠊ㠀ᖖ࡟ከࡃࡢ㑇ఏᏊ࠿ࡽᵓᡂࡉࢀࡿ㑇ఏᏊ㓄ิࢹ࣮ࢱ࡟࠾࠸࡚ࠊ࠶ࡿ⑓Ẽࡸ⑕
≧࡟᭱ࡶ㛵㐃ࡀ࠶ࡿᑡᩘࡢ㑇ఏᏊࡢ⤌ࢆ᥈ࡋࡓ࠸ࠊ࡜࠸ࡗࡓሙྜ࡞࡝ࡀᣲࡆࡽࢀࡿࠋࡋ࠿ࡋࡇࡢࡼ࠺࡞
ィ⟬ࡣࠊࢹ࣮ࢱࡀ㧗ḟඖ࡛࠶ࡿ஦࡟㉳ᅉࡍࡿ⤌ྜࡏ⇿Ⓨ࡟ࡼࡾࠊཝᐦ࡞ィ⟬ࡣ⌧ᐇⓗ࡟ࡣ୙ྍ⬟࡛࠶ࡿࠋ
ᮏᖺᗘࡣࠊ✀ࠎࡢᛂ⏝ⓗ࡟㔜せ࡜࡞ࡿၥ㢟ᙧᘧ࡟ᑐࡋ࡚ࠊࢹ࣮ࢱࡀᣢࡗ࡚࠸ࡿ㞳ᩓⓗ࡞ᵓ㐀ࠊ≉࡟ຎࣔ
ࢪࣗࣛᛶ㸦㞳ᩓฝᛶ㸧ࢆ⏝࠸ࡿ஦࡟ࡼࡾࠊࡇࡢࡼ࠺࡞ィ⟬ࢆྍ⬟࡜ࡍࡿຠ⋡ⓗ࡞࢔ࣝࢦࣜࢬ࣒ࡢ㛤Ⓨ࡟
ྲྀࡾ⤌ࢇࡔࠋ㛤Ⓨࡋࡓ࢔ࣝࢦࣜࢬ࣒ࡣࠊேᕤⓗ࡟⏕ᡂࡋࡓࢹ࣮ࢱࢆ⏝࠸ࡓᛶ⬟ホ౯࡟ຍ࠼ࠊ⌧ᐇࡢࢹ࣮
ࢱ࡟ᑐࡋ࡚㐺⏝ࡉࢀࠊྛᛂ⏝࡟࠾ࡅࡿ㔜せ࡞ᛂ⏝ⓗ▱ぢࡢ⋓ᚓ࡬࡜ࡘ࡞ࡀࡿྍ⬟ᛶࡀ࠶ࡿ஦ࢆ☜ㄆࡋࡓࠋ
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▱㆑ࢩࢫࢸ࣒◊✲ศ㔝
ᩍᤵ
෸ᩍᤵ
ຓᩍ
≉௵ຓᩍ
኱Ꮫ㝔Ꮫ⏕
Ꮫ㒊Ꮫ⏕
஦ົ⿵బဨ
⁁ཱྀ
౗ᮧ
➲ᔱ
ᅜᗓ
ఫ⏣
⚟஭
ᶫᮏ
⌮୍㑻
ᚨಙࠊྂᓮ
᐀ᙪ
⿱Ꮚࠊᒣ⦩
ගᖹࠊすᮧ
Ⰻ㍜ࠊ㤿ሙ
ᮁᏊ
᫭ྖ
཭⣖
ᝅྐࠊ᪥ཎ ᆂ♸ࠊ໭Ἑ ♸సࠊすᓥ ⋞┿
ಇᖾࠊቑ⏣ ኊᚿࠊᘅ⏿ Ⰻᶞࠊᑠᯘ 㝧
a) ᴫせ
᝟ሗ⛉Ꮫࡢ㐍ᒎࡣࡵࡊࡲࡋࡃࠊࠕ᝟ሗࠖࢆ㉺࠼ࡓࠕ▱㆑ࠖࡀࡲࡍࡲࡍࡑࡢ㔜せᛶࢆቑࡍ࡜⪃࠼ࡽࢀ࡚
࠸ࡿࠋᐇ♫఍࡟࠾࠸࡚ࡣᑠᆺ໬ࡀᴟ㝈࡟ࡲ࡛㐍໬ࡋࡘࡘ࠶ࡿࢥࣥࣆ࣮ࣗࢱ࡜ᆅ⌫つᶍ࡟Ⓨ㐩ࡋࡓࢥࣥࣆ
࣮ࣗࢱࢿࢵࢺ࣮࣡ࢡ࡟ࡼࡗ࡚ࠕ኱㔞᝟ሗ㸭▱㆑ࡢ▱ⓗฎ⌮ࠖࡀ୍⯡ᐙᗞ࡟ࡲ࡛ᾐ㏱ࡋࡘࡘ࠶ࡿࠋᏛ⏺࡟
࠾ࡅࡿ▱㆑ฎ⌮◊✲ࡣࠕ⪃࠼ࡿࠊุ᩿ࡍࡿࠊ᥎ㄽࡍࡿࠖ࡜࠸ࡗࡓே㛫ᅛ᭷ࡢ▱ⓗᶵ⬟ࢆィ⟬ᶵ࡛ᐇ⌧ࡍ
ࡿࠕ▱ⓗᶵ⬟௦⾜ᆺࠖࡢ◊✲࠿ࡽࠊே㛫࡜ඹ⏕ࡍࡿࠕ▱ⓗࣃ࣮ࢺࢼ࣮࡜ࡋ࡚ࡢࢥࣥࣆ࣮ࣗࢱࠖࡢ◊✲࡬
࡜ᒎ㛤ࡋ࡚࠸ࡿࠋᙜศ㔝࡛ࡣᏛ⾡ⓗ࡟ඃࢀࡓ◊✲ᡂᯝࢆ࠶ࡆࡘࡘࡇࢀࡽࡢ♫఍ⓗ≧ἣ࡟ᛂ࠼ࡿࡇ࡜ࢆ┠
ᣦࡋ࡚ࠊḟୡ௦ࡢ▱㆑ฎ⌮ࢩࢫࢸ࣒ᵓ⠏ࡢࡓࡵࡢ᪂ࡋ࠸ᇶ♏⌮ㄽ࡜ᇶ┙ᢏ⾡࡜ࡋ࡚ࡢࠕ࢜ࣥࢺࣟࢪ࣮ᕤ
Ꮫࠖࢆᥦၐࡋࠊࡑࢀ࡟㛵㐃ࡍࡿᖜᗈ࠸◊✲ࢆ⾜ࡗ࡚࠸ࡿࠋලయⓗ࡟ࡣࠊ࢜ࣥࢺࣟࢪ࣮ᇶ♏ㄽ࡟ᇶ࡙ࡃ㛤
Ⓨ᪉ἲㄽ࡜ࡑࡢ⎔ቃࠊ▱㆑ࡢᵓ㐀໬࡟ᇶ࡙ࡃ▱㆑ࡢඹ᭷࣭฼ά⏝࣭⥅ᢎᨭ᥼ࠊ▱ⓗᩍ⫱࣭カ⦎ࢩࢫࢸ࣒
࡜࢜ࣥࢺࣟࢪ࣮࡟ᇶ࡙ࡃ࣮࢜ࢧࣜࣥࢢࢩࢫࢸ࣒࡟㛵ࡍࡿ◊✲ࢆ⾜ࡗ࡚࠸ࡿࠋᮏᖺᗘࡣ≉࡟ࠊ࣮ࣚࣟࢵࣃ
ࡢⴭྡ࢜ࣥࢺࣟࢪ࣮ᕤᏛ⪅ࠊဴᏛ⪅ࡽ࡜ࡢ EU ࡢᅜ㝿ඹྠ◊✲ࣉࣟࢪ࢙ࢡࢺ EuJoint ࢆᘬࡁ⥆ࡁ⾜࠸ࠊ
௨ୗ࡛㏙࡭ࡿࡼ࠺࡞ᵝࠎ࡞ࢺࣆࢵࢡ࡟㛵ࡋ࡚ᐦ᥋࡞ඹྠ◊✲ࢆ⾜ࡗࡓࠋ
b) ᡂᯝ
࣭࢜ࣥࢺࣟࢪ࣮ᵓᡂㄽ
▱㆑ᕤᏛࡢᇶ♏⌮ㄽ࡜ࡋ࡚࢜ࣥࢺࣟࢪ࣮ᵓᡂㄽࢆᒎ㛤ࡋ࡚࠸ࡿࠋࡑࡢᡂᯝ࡜ࡋ࡚࢜ࣥࢺࣟࢪ࣮◊✲ࡢ
ព⩏ࠊᶵ⬟࡜ᙺ๭ࠊ◊✲ࡍ࡭ࡁㄢ㢟࡞࡝ࢆᩚ⌮ࡋࡓࠕ࢜ࣥࢺࣟࢪ࣮ᕤᏛᗎㄝࠖࠕ࢜ࣥࢺࣟࢪ࣮◊✲ࡢᇶ
♏࡜ᛂ⏝ࠖࠕ࢜ࣥࢺࣟࢪ࣮ᕤᏛᇶ♏ㄽࠖ࡜㢟ࡍࡿၨⵚⓗ࡞ㄽᩥࢆබ⾲ࡍࡿ࡞࡝ࠊᡃࡀᅜ࡟࠾࠸࡚ඛᑟⓗ
❧ሙ࡛◊✲ࢆ⾜ࡗ࡚᮶ࡓࠋࡲࡓࠊ2005 ᖺ 1 ᭶࡟ࡣࡑࡢ᫬Ⅼ࡛ࡢᏛၥࡢ฿㐩Ⅼࢆ♧ࡍព࿡࡛ࠕ࢜ࣥࢺࣟࢪ
࣮ᕤᏛࠖࢆฟ∧ࡋࡓࠋࡲࡎᇶ♏࡜࡞ࡿ⌮ㄽࢆ☜❧ࡍ࡭ࡃࠊே㛫ࡀㄆ㆑ࡍࡿᴫᛕࡢᡂࡾ❧ࡕࢆ⊂⮬ࡢほⅬ
࡛ศᯒࡋࠊࡑࡢ⤖ᯝࢆ᪂ࡋ࠸ᇶ♏⌮ㄽ࡜ࡋ࡚ᐃᘧ໬ࡋබ⾲ࡋࠊࠕ▱㆑ࠖ࡟㛵ࡍࡿ᝟ሗ⛉Ꮫⓗ࡟㔜せ࡞␲
ၥ࡟ゎ⟅ࢆ୚࠼ጞࡵ࡚࠸ࡿࠋࡉࡽ࡟ࠊᇶ♏ㄽ࠿ࡽᐇ㊶ⓗ◊✲࡬ࡢᒎ㛤࡟ྥࡅ࡚ࠊ᪤Ꮡࡢ᝟ሗᇶ┙ᢏ⾡࡜
ࡢ㐃ᦠᢏ⾡࡟ࡘ࠸࡚㔜Ⅼⓗ࡟᳨ウࡋ࡚࠸ࡿࠋࡇࢀࡽࡢᡂᯝࡣᙜศ㔝࡛㛤Ⓨࡋࡓ࢜ࣥࢺࣟࢪ࣮ᕤᏛ◊✲ࡢ
ᇶ┙ࢶ࣮ࣝࠕἲ㐀ࠖ࡜ࡋ࡚ᐇ⿦ࡋࡓࠋࡉࡽ࡟ࠊἲ㐀ࡢᐇ⏝ࢶ࣮ࣝ࡬ྥࡅࡓᙉ໬࡜ࢭ࣐ࣥࢸ࢕ࢵࢡ࢙࢘ࣈ
ࢆᣦྥࡋࡓศᩓ⎔ቃ࡛ࡢ࢜ࣥࢺࣟࢪ࣮㛤Ⓨᨭ᥼ࢩࢫࢸ࣒ࢆ㛤Ⓨࡋࡓࠋ௒ᖺᗘࡣࠊἲ㐀ࡢᣑᙇᶵ⬟࡜ࡋ࡚
ᐇ⿦࣭බ㛤ࡋࡓどⅬ࡟㐺ᛂࡋ࡚ືⓗ࡟ is-a 㝵ᒙࢆኚ᭦ࡍࡿ⌮ㄽ࡜ᢏ⾡ࢆὙ⦎ࡍࡿ࡜ඹ࡟ࠊ⑌ᝈ࢜ࣥࢺࣟ
ࢪ࣮࡬ࡢ㐺⏝ࢆ㏻ࡋ࡚ࠊከᵝ࡞どⅬ࠿ࡽᤊ࠼ࡽࢀࡿᴫᛕࢆࡑࡢᮏ㉁ⓗ࡞ᛶ㉁࡟ᇶ࡙࠸࡚㐺ษ࡟ᴫᛕ໬ࡍ
ࡿ᪉ἲㄽࢆᥦ᱌ࡋࡓࠋࡲࡓࠊᡃࡀᅜึࡢᮏ᱁ⓗ⮫ᗋ་Ꮫ࢜ࣥࢺࣟࢪ࣮ᵓ⠏ࣉࣟࢪ࢙ࢡࢺࡢ➨஧ᮇ࡟࠾࠸
࡚ᥦ᱌ࡋࡓࠊ⑌ᝈࢆᅉᯝ㐃㙐ࡢ⥲య࡜ࡋ࡚ᤊ࠼ࡿ࢜ࣥࢺࣟࢪ࣮ᕤᏛⓗ࡟᪂ࡋ࠸⑌ᝈᐃ⩏ࢆὙ⦎ࡍࡿ࡜࡜
ࡶ࡟ࠊࡑࡢ⑌ᝈᐃ⩏ࡢ୰᰾࡜࡞ࡿ␗ᖖ≧ែࡢᴫᛕᐃ⩏ࢆᐃ㔞ࢹ࣮ࢱ࠿ࡽᴫᛕࣞ࣋ࣝࡲ࡛⤫ྜⓗ࡟ᤊ࠼ࡿ
ᯟ⤌ࡳࢆ᫂ࡽ࠿࡟ࡋࡓࠋ࣐࢘ࢫ㑇ఏᏊ࢜ࣥࢺࣟࢪ࣮ࡢᵓ⠏࡟࠾࠸࡚ࡣࠊ᫖ᖺᗘබ㛤ࡋࡓࣇ࢙ࣀࢱ࢖ࣉグ
㏙ࡢ┦஫㐠⏝ྍ⬟ᛶࢆᐇ⌧ࡍࡿ࢜ࣥࢺࣟࢪ࣮ࡢ➨୍∧࡟ᇶ࡙ࡁࠊᒓᛶ⾲⌧ࡢ┦஫ኚ᥮ࢆᐇ⌧ࡍࡿࢩࢫࢸ
࣒ࡢヨస➼ࢆ㏻ࡋ࡚࢜ࣥࢺࣟࢪ࣮ࡢὙ⦎ࢆ㐍ࡵࡓࠋࡉࡽ࡟ࠊ⌮ㄽⓗ࡞ഃ㠃࡟࠾࠸࡚ࠊ࣓ࢱ࣮ࣟࣝࢆ⏝࠸
ࡓ࣮ࣟࣝ⌮ㄽࡢ෌ᵓ⠏ࠊ඲య࣭㒊ศࡢ⌮ㄽⓗ᳨ウ࡟ࡘ࠸࡚ࡣࠊEuJoint ࣉࣟࢪ࢙ࢡࢺࡢ୍⎔࡜ࡋ࡚ࡶᐇ᪋
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ࡋࠊ࣮ࣟࣝࣉࣞ࢖ࡢ᫬㛫ⓗ౫Ꮡᛶ࡞࡝᪂ࡓ࡞▱ぢࡀᚓࡽࢀࡓࠋ᭦࡟ࠊ10 ᖺ᮶㛤Ⓨࢆ㐍ࡵ࡚࠾ࡾ୍᫖ᖺᗘ
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࡜ࡶ࡟ EuJoint ࣉࣟࢪ࢙ࢡࢺ࡟࠾࠸࡚බ⌮໬ࡢ᳨ウࢆ⾜ࡗࡓࠋ
࣭ᕤᏛⓗ▱㆑య⣔໬ࡢᯟ⤌ࡳࡢ㛤Ⓨ࡜ࡑࡢ▱㆑グ㏙࣭ඹ᭷࡟࠾ࡅࡿ฼⏝
ᮏ◊✲࡛ࡣࠊேᕤ≀ࡢᶵ⬟ࢆ୰ᚰ࡜ࡋࡓᕤᏛⓗ▱㆑ࡢグ㏙࡜య⣔໬ࡢࡓࡵࡢᯟ⤌ࡳࡢᵓ⠏࡜ᐇ⏝໬ࢆ
┠ᶆ࡜ࡋ࡚࠸ࡿࠋᮏᯟ⤌ࡳࡣᶵ⬟࡟㛵ࡍࡿ࢜ࣥࢺࣟࢪ࣮࡟ᇶ࡙࠸࡚࠾ࡾࠊ⏕⏘⿦⨨࣭ᕤ⛬࡟㛵ࡍࡿ▱㆑
ඹ᭷࡞࡝࡟ᐇ⏝ࡉࢀ࡚኱ࡁ࡞ᡂᯝࢆୖࡆ࡚࠸ࡿࠋࡉࡽ࡟ࠊᢏ⾡ᩥ᭩ࡢᶵ⬟ⓗ࣓ࢱࢹ࣮ࢱ᳨⣴ᢏ⾡ࡢ㛤Ⓨࠊ
୙ලྜ▱㆑࡞࡝࡜ࡢ⼥ྜࠊ᪤Ꮡࡢᶵ⬟ㄒᙡయ⣔࡜ࡢศ㢮ᇶ‽ࡢ㐪࠸ࡢ᫂☜໬࡞࡝ࢆ⾜࠸ࠊᶵ⬟ⓗ▱㆑ࡢ
ඹ᭷ᛶ࡜┦஫㐠⏝ᛶࡢྥୖࢆᐇ⌧ࡋࡓࠋࡑࡢ୍㒊ࡣᶵ⬟ⓗ▱㆑እ໬࣭ඹ᭷ᨭ᥼ࢶ࣮ࣝ OntoloGear ࡜ࡋ
࡚〇ရ໬ࡉࢀࡓࠋࡲࡓࠊᶵ⬟ࡢᇶ♏ⓗ࡞✀㢮ࢆศ㢮ࡋࠊ〇ရࣛ࢖ࣇࢧ࢖ࢡࣝ࡜⏕≀ࡢ㐍໬࡟ἢࡗࡓᶵ⬟
ࡢᏑᅾㄽⓗࣔࢹࣝࢆᵓ⠏ࡋࡓࠋᮏᖺᗘࡣࠊ᫖ᖺᗘ࠿ࡽᘬࡁ⥆ࡁ EuJoint ࣉࣟࢪ࢙ࢡࢺࡢ୍⎔࡜ࡋ࡚ࠊே
ᕤ≀ᴫᛕࡢᐃ⩏࡟ࡘ࠸࡚ඹྠ࡛῝࠸⪃ᐹࢆ⾜࠸ࠊ」ᩘࡢ␗࡞ࡿேᕤ≀ᐃ⩏ࡢ㛵ಀࢆ᫂☜໬ࡋࠊඹྠ࡛Ꮫ
఍Ⓨ⾲ࢆ⾜ࡗࡓࠋࡉࡽ࡟ࠊᚑ᮶᰿ᮏⓗ࡟␗࡞ࡿ࡜⪃࠼ࡽࢀ࡚ࡁࡓ⏕యჾᐁࡢᶵ⬟࡜ேᕤ≀ࡢᶵ⬟ࡢඹ㏻
ᛶ࡜⤫୍ⓗ࡞ᐃ⩏࡟㛵ࡍࡿ◊✲ࢆ㛤ጞࡋࡓࠋ
ࡉࡽ࡟ࠊᮏᯟ⤌ࡳࢆ୍⯡໬ࡋࠊᡭ⥆ࡁⓗ▱㆑ࢆ┠ⓗᣦྥ࡛ࣔࢹࣜࣥࢢࡍࡿᯟ⤌ࡳࢆᵓ⠏ࡋࡓࠋබⓗ་
⒪ᶵ㛵࡜ඹྠ࡛ࠊᐇ㝿ࡢ┳ㆤ⾜Ⅽ࢞࢖ࢻࣛ࢖ࣥࢆࣔࢹࣝ໬ࡋ㧗࠸ホ౯ࢆᚓࡿ࡜࡜ࡶ࡟ࠊࢱࣈࣞࢵࢺᶵჾ
ࢆ⏝࠸ࡓ⌧ሙ࡬ࡢᑟධ࡟ྥࡅ࡚ࢯࣇࢺ࢙࢘࢔࡜ࢥࣥࢸࣥࢶࡢ㛤Ⓨ࡜ᨵⰋࠊᣑ඘ࢆ㐍ࡵࡓࠋࡲࡓࠊࢧ࣮ࣅ
ࢫᴫᛕ࡟ࡘ࠸࡚ࠊᶵ⬟ᴫᛕ࡜ࡢ㐪࠸࡟ὀ┠ࡋ࡚ᮏ㉁ⓗᛶ㉁ࢆྠᐃࡋࠊᚑ᮶ࡢᐃ⩏ࡢၥ㢟Ⅼࢆ᫂ࡽ࠿࡟ࡍ
ࡿ࡜࡜ࡶ࡟ࠊࡼࡾ⢭⦓࡞ᐃ⩏ࢆ୚࠼ࡓࠋࡉࡽ࡟ࠊࢧ࣮ࣅࢫࡢ」㞧࡞ᵓ㐀ࡢࣔࢹࣝ໬ࡢᯟ⤌ࡳࢆᥦ᱌ࡋࡓࠋ
࣭Ꮫ⩦ᨭ᥼ࢩࢫࢸ࣒ࡢᵓ⠏᪉ἲㄽ
▱ぢࡀᩓⓎⓗ࡛ࠊᕤᏛⓗ࡞᪉ἲㄽࡢ☜❧ࡉࢀ࡚࠸࡞࠸࡜࠸࠺Ꮫ⩦ᨭ᥼ࢩࢫࢸ࣒࡟㛵ࡍࡿ◊✲≧ἣࢆᡴ
㛤ࡍࡿࡓࡵ࡟ࠊᮏ◊✲࡛ࡣே㛫࡟ぶ࿴ᛶࡢ㧗࠸࣮࢜ࢧࣜࣥࢢࢶ࣮ࣝ㸦Ꮫ⩦ᨭ᥼ࢩࢫࢸ࣒ᵓ⠏⎔ቃ㸧ࡢ㛤
Ⓨࢆ┠ᣦࡋ࡚ࠊᏛ⩦ᨭ᥼ࢩࢫࢸ࣒ࡢᵓᡂཎ⌮ࢆ࢜ࣥࢺࣟࢪ࣮࡜ࡋ࡚᫂☜࡟ࡍࡿసᴗࢆ㐍ࡵ࡚࠸ࡿࠋࡇࢀ
ࡲ࡛࡟ࠊᏛ⩦ࡸᩍᤵ࡟㛵ࡍࡿ⌮ㄽ㸦௨ୗࠊᏛ⩦࣭ᩍᤵ⌮ㄽ㸧ࡲ࡛ࢆໟྵࡋࡓ OMNIBUS ࢜ࣥࢺࣟࢪ࣮ࡢ
㛤Ⓨࢆ࣮࣋ࢫ࡟ࠊᏛ⩦࣭ᩍᤵ⌮ㄽࢆ⌮ゎࡋ㐺⏝ࡍࡿ㠉᪂ⓗ࡞࣮࢜ࢧࣜࣥࢢ⎔ቃࡸᵝࠎ࡞⌮ㄽࡢほⅬ࠿ࡽ
タィࡉࢀࡓᩍᮦࢆศᯒࡋ⌮ㄽⓗ࡞ຓゝࢆ⾜࠺࣐ࣝࢳ࢚࣮ࢪ࢙ࣥࢺࢩࢫࢸ࣒ࢆᐇ⌧ࡋ࡚࠸ࡿࠋࡲࡓࠊ࣮࢜
ࢧࣜࣥࢢࢱࢫࢡ࢜ࣥࢺࣟࢪ࣮࡜ࡑࢀ࡟ᇶ࡙ࡃ㠉᪂ⓗ࡞࣮࢜ࢧࣜࣥࢢࢩࢫࢸ࣒ࡢ࢜ࣥࢺࣟࢪ࣮ࠊ༠ㄪᏛ⩦
ࡢࡓࡵࡢ࣮࢜ࢧࣜࣥࢢࢩࢫࢸ࣒ࠊ࣓ࢱㄆ▱ᶵ⬟ࡢࣇ࣮࣒࣮ࣞ࣡ࢡࡢ㛤Ⓨࢆ⾜ࡗ࡚ࡁࡓࠋ
ᮏᖺᗘࡣࠊ≉࡟ OMNIBUS ࢜ࣥࢺࣟࢪ࣮࡟ᇶ࡙ࡃࢩࢫࢸ࣒㛤Ⓨࡢᡂᯝࢆ⌧ሙࡢᩍᖌࡢ༠ຊࢆᚓ࡚ᐇ㊶
ⓗ࡟㐠⏝ࡋࠊࡑࡢ᭷ຠᛶࢆ☜ㄆࡍࡿ࡜ඹ࡟ࠊ⌧ሙࡢࢽ࣮ࢬ࡟ྜࢃࡏ࡚ᢏ⾡ࢆⓎᒎࡉࡏࡿࡓࡵࡢ⪃ᐹࢆ⾜
ࡗࡓࠋࡇࢀࡽࡢᐇ㊶ⓗ㐠⏝ࡣᮾி㒔୰Ꮫ♫఍⛉ᩍ⫱◊✲఍࡜ᒸᒣ┴ᩍ⫱ጤဨ఍ࡢ༠ຊࡢୗ࡛⾜ࡗ࡚࠸ࡿ
ࡶࡢ࡛࠶ࡾࠊᐇ㝿࡟ᤵᴗࡢࡓࡵ࡟సࡽࢀࡿᏛ⩦ᣦᑟ᱌࠿ࡽࠊศᯒ࡜Ꮫ⩦࣭ᩍᤵ⌮ㄽ࡟ᇶ࡙ࡃຓゝࢆ⏕ᡂ
ࡋᥦ౪ࡋ࡚࠸ࡿࠋࡑࡢᡂᯝ࡜ࡋ࡚ࠊ⌧ሙࡢᩍᖌࡀẼ࡙࠿࡞࠿ࡗࡓⅬࢆᣦ᦬ࡋࠊᤵᴗࡢᨵၿ࡟ᙺ❧ࡗࡓ஦
౛ࡶᚓࡽࢀ࡚ࡁ࡚࠸ࡿࠋࡲࡓࠊ࣓ࢱㄆ▱ࡢᮏ㉁࡟㛵ࡍࡿ⪃ᐹࢆ῝ࡵࠊࡇࡢほⅬ࠿ࡽᅜෆእࡢ௦⾲ⓗ࡞࣓
ࢱㄆ▱ࢆಁ㐍ࡍࡿᏛ⩦ᨭ᥼ࢩࢫࢸ࣒ࢆศᯒࡋࠊᨵⰋࡍࡿᡭἲ࡟ࡘ࠸࡚ᥦ᱌ࡋࡓࠋ
࣭⏘Ꮫ㐃ᦠ࡟ࡼࡿ࢜ࣥࢺࣟࢪ࣮ά⏝࢖ࣥࢱࣛࢡࢩࣙࣥࢹࢨ࢖ࣥㄽ
࢜ࣥࢺࣟࢪ࣮ᇶ♏ㄽ࡜࢜ࣥࢺࣟࢪ࣮ᵓ⠏᪉ἲㄽࡀ῝໬ࡋࠊᵝࠎ࡞ᑓ㛛㡿ᇦ࡟࠾ࡅࡿ▱㆑ࡢᙧᘧ໬ࡀᐇ
⌧ࡉࢀࡘࡘ࠶ࡿࠋྛ㡿ᇦࡢ㧗ᗘ࡞ᑓ㛛ⓗ▱㆑࡟ᇶ࡙ࡃ㧗ရ㉁ࡢ࢜ࣥࢺࣟࢪ࣮ࢆ฼⏝ࡋ࡚ᵝࠎ࡞ᐇၥ㢟ࢆ
ゎỴࡍࡿ࢔ࣉࣜࢣ࣮ࢩࣙࣥ࡜ࡑࡢᵓ⠏᪉ἲㄽࡣࠊ࢜ࣥࢺࣟࢪ࣮࡟ࡼࡿ♫఍㈉⊩ࢆᐇ⌧ࡍࡿࡓࡵ࡟ᚲせ࡛
࠶ࡿࠋᮏ◊✲࡛ࡣࠊ⏘Ꮫ㐃ᦠࡢඹྠ◊✲ࢆ㏻ࡌ࡚ᐇ♫఍ࡢၥ㢟࡟࢜ࣥࢺࣟࢪ࣮ᕤᏛࡢᡂᯝ㐺⏝ࢆ㐍ࡵ࡚
࠾ࡾࠊ᫖ᖺᗘࡼࡾᘬࡁ⥆࠸࡚ࠊ๓㏙ࡢ་⒪ᶵ㛵࡟࠾ࡅࡿ┳ㆤᡭ㡰ࡢ㟁Ꮚ࣐ࢽࣗ࢔ࣝ໬࡜┳ㆤᖌࡢᩍ⫱ᨭ
᥼ࡢㄢ㢟࡟ྲྀࡾ⤌ࢇࡔࠋᐇ㝿ࡢ┳ㆤ࣐ࢽࣗ࢔ࣝ࠿ࡽ┳ㆤᡭ㡰ࢆᢳฟࡋ࡚ᵓ㐀໬ࡋࠊࡉࡽ࡟ࠊࢱࣈࣞࢵࢺ
➃ᮎୖ࡛㜀ぴࡍࡿࡓࡵࡢࢶ࣮ࣝࢆヨసࡋࡓࠋරᗜ┴❧୕ᮌᕷẸ⑓㝔ࡢ᪂ே┳ㆤᖌ◊ಟ࡟ヨసࢩࢫࢸ࣒ࡢ
ᑟධࢆ㛤ጞࡋࠊࢩ࣑࣮ࣗࣞࢩࣙࣥ◊ಟࡢ஦๓Ꮫ⩦ࡸ஦ᚋࡢ᣺ࡾ㏉ࡾᏛ⩦ࡢᨭ᥼࡟ྲྀࡾ⤌ࡳࢆጞࡵࡓࠋ
― 45 ―
▱⬟࢔࣮࢟ࢸࢡࢳࣕ◊✲ศ㔝
ᩍᤵ
෸ᩍᤵ
ຓᩍ
༤ኈ◊✲ဨ
኱Ꮫ㝔Ꮫ⏕
἟ᑿ ṇ⾜
ᰩཎ ⪽
᳃ᒣ ⏥୍ࠊ⚟஭ ೺୍
Roberto Legaspi
ᯇᮏ ගᘯࠊRafael CabredoࠊPaul Salvador Inventadoࠊ໭ᕝ ဴᖹࠊᑠ୰ ⿱ḟ㑻ࠊⓑ
஭ ᔞኈࠊ✄ሙ ኱ᶞࠊ୰℩ ⤢ဢࠊDanaipat Sodkomkhamࠊ〚 㕙᫬
Ꮫ㒊Ꮫ⏕
ᒣ㔝 ᝆ
◊✲⏕
Ira Puspitasari㸦ᖹᡂ 23 ᖺ 10 ᭶ 1 ᪥ࠥ㸧
ࠊ
Vanus Vachiratamporn㸦ᖹᡂ 23 ᖺ 10 ᭶ 1 ᪥ࠥ㸧
஺᥮␃Ꮫ⏕
Anh Bao Mai㸦ᖹᡂ 23 ᖺ 10 ᭶ 1 ᪥ࠥ㸧
஦ົ⿵బဨ
⤖ᇛ ୕㕥
a) ᴫせ
ࣃࢯࢥࣥࢆึࡵ࡜ࡍࡿ᝟ሗ⎔ቃࡀᬑཬࡍࡿ࡟ࡘࢀ࡚ࠊ࢖ࣥࢱࣇ࢙࣮ࢫࡢᝏࡉ࡟㉳ᅉࡍࡿࢸࢡࣀࢫࢺࣞ
ࢫࡸࠊࢫࣃ࣒࣓࣮ࣝࠊከ㔞ࢹ࣮ࢱ࡟ࡼࡿ᝟ሗὥỈࡢၥ㢟࡟♫఍ࡢ㛵ᚰࡀ㞟ࡲࡗ࡚࠸ࡿࠋᮏ◊✲㒊㛛࡛ࡣࠊ
ࡇࢀࡽࡢཎᅉࡀࢥࣥࣆ࣮ࣗࢱࢩࢫࢸ࣒ࡢᰂ㌾ᛶࡢḞዴ࡟࠶ࡿࡇ࡜ࢆ᪩ࡃ࠿ࡽᣦ᦬ࡋࠊࡑࡢᑐ⟇࡜ࡋ࡚㐺
ᛂ⬟ຊࢆᣢࡗࡓࢥࣥࣆ࣮ࣗࢱࡢ㛤Ⓨࢆᥦၐࡋ࡚ࡁࡓࠋᚰ⌮ᐇ㦂࡜㧗ᗘ࡞ᶵᲔᏛ⩦ᢏ⾡ࡢ⤌ྜࡏ࡟ࡼࡾࠊ
ࡇ࠺ࡋࡓㄢ㢟ࡢඞ᭹ࢆ┠ᣦࡋ࡚࠸ࡿࠋලయⓗ࡞◊✲ㄢ㢟ࡣࠊ௨ୗࡢ㏻ࡾ࡛࠶ࡿࠋ
࠙◊✲ㄢ㢟ࠚ
㸯㸬ᵓᡂⓗ㐺ᛂ࢖ࣥࢱࣇ࢙࣮ࢫ
㸰㸬Intelligent Tutoring System
㸱㸬▱ⓗࣘࣅ࢟ࢱࢫࢭࣥࢧ࣮ࢿࢵࢺ࣮࣡ࢡ
b) ᡂᯝ
࣭ᵓᡂⓗ㐺ᛂ࢖ࣥࢱࣇ࢙࣮ࢫ
ᇶᮏⓗ࡞◊✲ࢸ࣮࣐࡜ࡋ࡚ࠊᏛ⩦ᶵ⬟ࢆᣢࡗࡓࢥࣥࣆ࣮ࣗࢱࡢ㛤Ⓨࢆ㐍ࡵ࡚࠾ࡾࠊ㧗ຠ⋡໬ࡢࡓࡵࡢ
࢔ࣝࢦࣜࢬ࣒ࠊᏛ⩦ࡢࡓࡵࡢ⫼ᬒ▱㆑ࡢ⋓ᚓࠊITS (Intelligent Tutoring System)࡬ࡢᛂ⏝࡞࡝ࠊᩘࠎࡢ᪂
ᢏ⾡ࢆ㛤Ⓨࡋࠊ᝟ሗ⎔ቃࡢᩚഛࢆᨭ᥼ࡋ࡚ࡁ࡚࠸ࡿࠋࡇࢀࡽࡣࠊ㐺ᛂ࣮ࣘࢨ࢖ࣥࢱࣇ࢙࣮ࢫࡢᢏ⾡࡜ࡋ
࡚ᐃ╔ࡋࡘࡘ࠶ࡿࠋࡇࢀࡲ࡛ࡢ㐺ᛂ࣮ࣘࢨ࢖ࣥࢱࣇ࢙࣮ࢫࡣࠊ࠶ࡽ࠿ࡌࡵ⏝ពࡉࢀ࡚࠸ࡿ཯ᛂࡢ୰࠿ࡽ
㐣ཤࡢ࣮ࣘࢨࡢ᣺ࡿ⯙࠸࡟㐺ᛂࡋ࡚ࠊ㐺ษ࡞཯ᛂࢆ㑅ᢥࡍࡿࡶࡢ࡛࠶ࡗࡓࠋࡇࢀࡔࡅ࡛ࡶ⌧ᅾࡢ」㞧࡛
ᢅ࠸࡟ࡃ࠸࣮ࣘࢨ࢖ࣥࢱࣇ࢙࣮ࢫࠊࡓ࡜࠼ࡤࢼࣅࢤ࣮ࢩࣙࣥࢩࢫࢸ࣒࡞࡝ࢆ┦ᙜ࡟ᨵⰋ࡛ࡁࡿࠋࡋ࠿ࡋࠊ
ே㛫ࡢ▱ᛶࡸ๰㐀ᛶࢆ่⃭ࡍࡿ࡟ࡣࠊ୙༑ศ࡛࠶ࡿࠋࡑࡇ࡛㐺ษ࡞཯ᛂࢆ㑅ᢥࡍࡿࡔࡅ࡛ࡣ࡞ࡃࠊ᪂ࡓ
࡞ࢥࣥࢸࣥࢶࢆᵓᡂࡍࡿ
ᡭἲࡢ◊✲ࢆ⾜ࡗ࡚࠸ࡿࠋ
ࡑࡢᢏ⾡ࢆ⫼ᬒ࡜ࡋ࡚ࠊ
ᴟࡵ࡚ࣘࢽ࣮ࢡ࡞◊✲ࢸ
࣮࣐࡜ࡋ࡚ࠊឤᛶ⋓ᚓᶵ
ᵓࢆᥦ᱌ࡋࠊ࣮ࣘࢨࡢಶ
ᛶ࡜ឤ᝟࡟㐺ᛂࡋ࡚⮬ື
స᭤ࢆ⾜࠺ࢩࢫࢸ࣒ࢆ㛤
Ⓨࡋࡓࠋࡉࡽ࡟ࠊ⏕యࢭ
ࣥࢧࢆ⏝࠸ࡓ࿴㡢㐍⾜ࡢ
ホ౯ᐇ㦂ࢆ㐍ࡵࡓࠋ
― 46 ―
࣭Intelligent Tutoring System
ᣦᑟࣉࣛࣥ࡟Ꮫ⩦㐣⛬ࡢᣦ㔪ࢆᣢࡓࡏࡿࡇ࡜ࡣᵝࠎ࡞ᩍ⫱᪉ἲ࡟࡜ࡗ࡚᭷ຠ࡛࠶ࡾࠊITS ࡟࠾࠸࡚㔜
せ࡞ㄢ㢟࡛࠶ࡿࠋࡇࡢㄢ㢟࡟ᑐࡋ࡚ᵝࠎ࡞ྲྀࡾ⤌ࡳࡀ࡞ࡉࢀࡓࡀࠊITS ࡟࡜ࡗ࡚ᴟࡵ࡚ᚲせ࡜࡞ࡗ࡚ࡃ
ࡿࡢࡣࠊືⓗ࡟❧࡚ࡽࢀࡓࣉࣛࣥࢆ⮬ᕫᨵၿࡍࡿࡇ࡜࡛࠶ࡿࠋᏛ⩦⪅ࡢ࢝ࢸࢦ࣮ࣜ࠿ࡽᚓࡽࢀࡓ▱㆑ࢆ
฼⏝ࡍࡿࡇ࡜ࡀࠊITS ഃ࠿ࡽࡢࣉࣛࣥࡢᨵၿ࡟ᴟࡵ࡚᭷⏝࡛࠶ࡿ࡜௬ᐃࡋ࡚࠸ࡿࠋࡘࡲࡾ࢝ࢸࢦ࣮ࣜ▱
㆑࡟ࡼࡗ࡚ຠᯝⓗ࡞ࣉࣛࣥࡀᚓࡽࢀࡿࠋᡃࠎࡣࠊᏛ⩦⪅ࡢ࢝ࢸࢦ࣮ࣜ࠿ࡽᏛ⩦ࡋࡓ▱㆑ࢆ฼⏝ࡋ࡚ࣉࣛ
ࣥࢆ⮬ᕫᨵၿࡍࡿࣉࣛࣥࢼ࣮(CSPM)ࢆᥦ᱌ࡍࡿࠋCSPM ࡢᏛ⩦ࡣࠊᩍᖌ࡞ࡋᶵᲔᏛ⩦࡜⤒㦂࠿ࡽᏛ⩦ࡍ
ࡿࡓࡵࡢ▱㆑⋓ᚓࣄ࣮ࣗࣜࢫࢸ࢕ࢡࢫࢆ⏝࠸࡚⾜ࢃࢀࡿࠋグ㘓ࡉࢀࡓᩍ⫱ィ⏬ࢆ⏝࠸࡚ CSPM ࡢྍ⬟ᛶ
ࢆ☜࠿ࡵࡿᐇ㦂ࢆ⾜ࡗࡓࠋ
࣭▱ⓗࣘࣅ࢟ࢱࢫࢭࣥࢧ࣮ࢿࢵࢺ࣮࣡ࢡ
㏆ᖺࡢࣘࣅ࢟ࢱࢫྛ✀ᢏ⾡ࡸ RFID ࡞࡝ࡢࢱࢢᢏ⾡ࡢⓎᒎ࡟క࠸ࠊ⌧≧࡟࠾࠸࡚ࡶ᪤࡟᝟ሗ㐣ከࡢၥ
㢟࡟┤㠃ࡋ࡚࠸ࡿ࢖ࣥࢱ࣮ࢿࢵࢺࢆ୰ᚰ࡜ࡍࡿ᝟ሗ✵㛫࡟ᑐࡋࠊᐇ✵㛫࠿ࡽࡢ᝟ሗࡲ࡛ࡶࡀ኱㔞࡟ὶࢀ
㎸ࡶ࠺࡜ࡋ࡚࠸ࡿࠋࡑ࠺࡞ࡿ࡜ࠊࡶࡣࡸࠕ᳨
⣴ⓗᡭἲ࡛ࠖࡣࡍ࡭࡚ࡢ᝟ሗࢆ⥙⨶ࡍࡿࡇ࡜
ࡣᅔ㞴࡞ࡶࡢ࡜࡞ࡾ(⌧≧࡛ࡶ᪤࡟ࡑࡢ≧ἣ
࡟࠶ࡿ)ࠊࡇࢀ࠿ࡽࡣࠕⓎぢⓗᡭἲࠖࡀᮃࡲ
ࢀࡿࠋࡇࢀࡲ࡛ࡶ᝟ሗⓎぢᡭἲ࡜ࡋ࡚ࢹ࣮ࢱ
࣐࢖ࢽࣥࢢ◊✲࡞࡝⢭ຊⓗ࡞◊✲ࡀ࡞ࡉࢀ
࡚᮶࡚࠸ࡿࡶࡢࡢࠊࠕ᝟ሗ✵㛫㸩ᐇ✵㛫ࠖ࡜
࠸࠺ࠊᕧ኱࡛」㞧࠿ࡘືⓗ࡞ୡ⏺࠿ࡽࡢ᭷⏝
࡞᝟ሗᢳฟᢏ⾡࡟ᑐࡋ࡚ࠊࡇࢀࡲ࡛ࡢᢏ⾡ࡀ
ࡑࡢࡲࡲ㐺⏝࡛ࡁࡿ࡜᩿ゝࡍࡿࡇ࡜ࡣฟ᮶
࡞࠸ࠋ
୍᪉ࠊᡃࠎࡣ┦ᡭ࡜௨ᚰఏᚰࡸ㜿࿂ࡢ࿧྾
ࡢ㛵ಀࡀฟ᮶࡚࠸ࡿ᫬ࠊ୍యឤࢆឤࡌࡿ࡞࡝ᚰᆅࡼࡃឤࡌࡿࠋࡇࢀࡣ࠾஫࠸ࡀ࠾஫࠸ࡢពᅗࡸ⩦័ⓗ࡞
⾜ືࢆண ࡛ࡁࡿ࠿ࡽ࡛࠶ࡾࠊᑐヰࡸ஬ឤࢆ㏻ࡋ࡚㛗࠸᫬㛫ࢆ࠿ࡅࡓᏛ⩦࡟ࡼࡿࡶࡢ࡛࠶ࡿࠋࡇࡢࡼ࠺
࡞ࣄࢺ࡜ࣄࢺ࡛ࡢ㛵ಀࢆࠊࣄࢺ࡜⎔ቃ࡜ࡢ㛫࡟࠾࠸࡚ࡶᵓ⠏ࡍࡿࡇ࡜ࡀฟ᮶ࡿ࡜ࠊ᪥ᖖ⏕άࡀࡼࡾຠ⋡
ⓗ࡟࡞ࡾࠊࡲࡓᑠࡉ࡞␗ኚ࡞࡝ࢆ⮬ືⓗ࡟Ⓨぢ࡛ࡁࡿࡇ࡜࠿ࡽࣜࢫࢡᅇ㑊ࡢࡓࡵࡢᢏ⾡࡜ࡋ࡚ࡶ᭷⏝࡞
ࡶࡢ࡜࡞ࡿࠋ
ࡇࡢࡼ࠺࡟ࠊࡇࢀ࠿ࡽࡢࣘࣅ࢟ࢱࢫ♫఍࡛ࡣ༢࡟᝟ሗ✵㛫ࡸᐇ✵㛫࠿ࡽࢹ࣮ࢱࢆᢳฟࡍࡿࡔࡅ࡛࡞ࡃࠊ
ᚓࡽࢀࡓ᭷⏝࡞᝟ሗࢆ⬟ືⓗ࡟ே࡟ᑐࡋ࡚⎔ቃഃ࠿ࡽ࢖ࣥࢱࣛࢡࢩࣙࣥࢆ㉳ࡇࡍࡓࡵࡢࣇ࣮࣒࣮ࣞ࣡
ࢡࢆ๰ฟࡍࡿࡇ࡜ࡶ᭷⏝࡛࠶ࡾࠊලయⓗ࡟ࡣࠊ
(1)⎔ቃ࡬ࡢࣄࢺࡢ⾜ືࢆ▱ぬࡍࡿࢭࣥࢩࣥ
ࢢ⬟ຊࡢ௜ຍࠊ(2)ࢭࣥࢧ࣮ࢹ࣮ࢱ࣐࢖ࢽࣥࢢ
࡟ࡼࡿࣄࢺࡢ⩦័ⓗ⾜ືࣃࢱࣥࡢᢳฟࠊ୪ࡧ
࡟ᢳฟ⤖ᯝࢆ⏝࠸ࡓࣄࢺࡢ⾜ືண ࢆ⾜࠺
࢔ࣝࢦࣜࢬ࣒ࡢ๰ฟࠊࡑࡋ࡚(3)ண ⤖ᯝ࡟ᇶ
࡙ࡃࣄࢺ࡬ࡢ࢖ࣥࢱࣛࢡࢩࣙࣥ⬟ຊࡢ⎔ቃ
࡬ࡢ௜ຍࢆ⾜࠺ᚲせࡀ࠶ࡿࠋᮏᖺᗘࡣ(2)ࡢ࣐
࢖ࢽࣥࢢᢏ⾡๰ฟ࡟࠾࠸࡚ࠊ᫬⣔ิࢹ࣮ࢱ࠿
ࡽࡢࣃࢱࣥᢳฟᡭἲࠊ୪ࡧ࡟(3)ࡢ࢖ࣥࢱࣛࢡ
ࢩࣙࣥ࠾࠸࡚ಶே࡟㐺ᛂࡋࡓ࢖ࣥࢱࣛࢡࢩ
ࣙࣥࢆᙉ໬Ꮫ⩦࡟࡚⋓ᚓࡍࡿᡭἲࢆ୰ᚰ࡜
ࡋ࡚◊✲ࢆᒎ㛤ࡉࡏࠊࡑࢀࡒࢀ⊂⮬ࡢᡭἲࢆ
ᥦ᱌ࡍࡿ࡟⮳ࡗ࡚࠸ࡿࠋ
― 47 ―
㔞Ꮚ᝟ሗࣇ࢛ࢺࢽࢡࢫ◊✲ศ㔝㸦㜰኱⏘◊࣭໭኱㟁Ꮚ◊࢔ࣛ࢖࢔ࣥࢫࣛ࣎㸧
ᩍᤵ
ᐈဨᩍᤵ
ຓᩍ
ຓᩍ
༤ኈ◊✲ဨ
༤ኈ◊✲ဨ
༤ኈ◊✲ဨ
༤ኈ◊✲ဨ
༤ኈ◊✲ဨ
እᅜே◊✲ဨ
኱Ꮫ㝔Ꮫ⏕
Ꮫ㒊Ꮫ⏕
◊✲⏕
஦ົ࣭ᢏ⾡⿵బဨ
➉ෆ ⦾ᶞ
Aephraim M. Steinberg (2011.4.1 - 2011.5.30)
ᒸᮏ ு
⸨ཎ ṇ⃈
㧗ᓥ ⚽⪽
㉿ ὥἨ
ᒸ㔝 ┿அ
Shanthi Subashchandran
ᑠ㔝 ㈗ྐ
Tim Schröder (2011.4.18 - 2011.6.30)
㇂⏣ ┿ேࠊ⏣୰ 㝧ࠊ᱈ཎ Ύኴࠊᐙ⸨ ⨾ዉᏊࠊ㔝⏣ ဴ▮ࠊᶓ஭ Ᏹ្ࠊ
኱ᒣ ᝅྐࠊୖᒸ ಇஓ
㝞 ᬋ(2011.4.1 - 2011.6.15)ࠊỤ⸨ ♸
➟⨨ Ỉ⨾ࠊఀ⸨ ൉Ꮚ
a) ᴫせ
ᮏ◊✲ศ㔝࡛ࡣࠊගᏊ 1 ⢏ 1 ⢏ࢆⓎ⏕ࡉࡏࠊࡑࡢ≧ែ㛫ࡢ㔞Ꮚ┦㛵ࢆ⮬ᅾ࡟ไᚚࡍࡿࡇ࡜࡛ࠊࡇࢀ
ࡲ࡛ࡢࠕගࠖࢆ㉸࠼ࡿࠕ᪂ࡋ࠸ගࠖࡢᐇ⌧࡜ᛂ⏝࡟ࡘ࠸࡚ᐇ㦂ⓗ࡞◊✲ࢆ⾜ࡗ࡚࠸ࡿࠋගᏊࢆ⮬ᅾ࡟
ไᚚࠊ᳨ฟࡍࡿࡓࡵ࡟ࠊࢼࣀࢫࢣ࣮ࣝࡢᚤᑠගࢹࣂ࢖ࢫࡢ◊✲࡜ࠊࡑࡢග㔞Ꮚࢹࣂ࢖ࢫࡸ༢୍ගᏊ
※ࡢᐇ⌧࡟ࡘ࠸࡚◊✲ࡋ࡚࠸ࡿࠋࡲࡓࠊᛂ⏝࡜ࡋ࡚ࡣࠊගᏊࢆ᧯ࡿ㔞Ꮚࢥࣥࣆ࣮ࣗࢱ࣭ග㔞Ꮚᅇ㊰
ࡢ࡯࠿ࠊ㏻ᖖࡢගࡢ㝈⏺ࢆ㉸࠼ࡓࠕගィ ࠖࠊࠕගࣜࢯࢢࣛࣇ࢕࣮ࠖࡢ◊✲࡟୺࡟ᐇ㦂ⓗ࡟ྲྀࡾ⤌ࢇ
࡛࠸ࡿࠋࡲࡓࠊ㔞Ꮚࢥࣥࣆ࣮ࣗࢱࡸ㔞Ꮚᬯྕ㏻ಙࡢᐇ⌧࡟ྥࡅ࡚ࠊ㔞ᏊຊᏛⓗ࡞ࡶࡘࢀྜ࠸ࢆࡶࡘ
ගᏊᑐࡢⓎ⏕ࡸไᚚࠊ㧗ຠ⋡࡞ගᏊ᳨ฟ⿦⨨ࡢ㛤ⓎࠊගᏊ᝟ሗฎ⌮ࢩࢫࢸ࣒ࡢࣉࣟࢺࢱ࢖ࣉࡢᵓ⠏
࡟ྲྀࡾ⤌ࢇ࡛࠸ࡿࠋ
b) ᡂᯝ
࣭㠀ᖖ࡟ప࠸ᬯィᩘࢆ᭷ࡍࡿࠊ㉸ఏᑟ༢୍ගᏊ᳨ฟࢩࢫࢸ࣒ࡢᐇ⌧
㧗࠸᳨ฟຠ⋡ࢆ⥔ᣢࡋ࡞ࡀࡽࠊప࠸ᬯィᩘࢆᣢ
ࡘ༢୍ගᏊ᳨ฟჾࡣ㠀ᖖ࡟㔜せ࡛࠶ࡿࠋࡇࡇ࡛ࠊ
ᬯィᩘ࡜ࡣࠊගᏊࡀධᑕࡋ࡞࠸≧ែ࡛ࡶⓎ⏕ࡋ࡚
ࡋࡲ࠺ࣀ࢖ࢬࡢ஦࡛࠶ࡿࠋᡃࠎࡣࠊ༡ி኱Ꮫ࡜ࡢ
ඹྠ◊✲࡟ࡼࡾࠊ௒ᅇࠊྍどᇦ࡟࠾࠸࡚ࠊ㧗࠸㔞
Ꮚຠ⋡(30%)ࢆ⥔ᣢࡋࡓࡲࡲࠊ㠀ᖖ࡟ప࠸(0.01Hz
௨ୗ)ᬯィᩘࢆࡶࡘࠊ㉸ఏᑟࢼࣀ࣡࢖ࣖ༢୍ගᏊ᳨
ฟჾ(SNSPD)ࢆ⏝࠸ࡓගᏊ᳨ฟࢩࢫࢸ࣒ࡢᐇ⌧࡟
ᡂຌࡋࡓࠋ
༡ி኱Ꮫ࡛సᡂࡋࡓࢼࣀ࣡࢖ࣖࡢᖜ 50nm ࡢ
SNSPD ⣲Ꮚࢆࠊᡃࠎࡢ㛤Ⓨࡋࡓ෭༷ࢩࢫࢸ࣒ࢆ⏝
࠸࡚ࠊ4K ⛬ᗘࡲ࡛෭༷ࡋ ᐃࡋࡓ᳨ฟຠ⋡ࢆᅗ㸯
࡟♧ࡍࠋග※࡜ࡋ࡚ࡣࠊⓑⰍග※࠿ࡽࡢගࢆࠊྍ
ᅗ㸯㸸᳨ฟຠ⋡ࡢἼ㛗౫Ꮡᛶ
ኚࣂࣥࢻࣃࢫࣇ࢕ࣝࢱ࡛≉ᐃࡢἼ㛗ࡢࡳࢆษࡾฟ
ࡋࡓࡶࡢࢆ⏝࠸ࡓࠋࡑࡢ⤖ᯝࠊ᭱ࡶ᳨ฟຠ⋡ࡀࠊ
㧗࠿ࡗࡓࡢࡣἼ㛗 500nm ࡟࠾ࡅࡿ 32%ࡔࡗࡓࠋࡑࡋ࡚ࠊ600nmࠊ800nmࠊ1000nmࠊ1550nm ࡜Ἴ㛗ࡀ㛗
ࡃ࡞ࡿ࡟ࡘࢀࠊࡑࢀࡒࢀ᳨ฟຠ⋡ࡀ 30%ࠊ16%ࠊ10%ࠊ1%࡜ῶᑡࡋ࡚࠸ࡃࡇ࡜ࢆ☜ㄆࡋࡓࠋἼ㛗 500nm
― 48 ―
࠿ࡽ 600nm ࡢ㡿ᇦ࡛ࡣࠊࣂ࢖࢔ࢫ㟁ὶ್ࡀ 0.8 ⛬ᗘ࡛ࡶ᳨ฟຠ⋡ࡀຎ໬ࡏࡎࠊ0.01Hz ࡜࠸࠺㠀ᖖ࡟ప࠸
ᬯィᩘࢆᐇ⌧࡛ࡁࡓࠋ
࣭㔞ᏊࡶࡘࢀගᏊᑐ࡟ࡼࡿ㧗ศゎ⬟㔞Ꮚග᩿ᒙ᧜ᙳ࡟ྥࡅࡓࠊ⩌㏿ᗘศᩓ࡟ᑐࡍࡿ⪏ᛶᐇドᐇ㦂
ග᩿ᒙ᧜ᙳ(OCT)ࡣపࢥࣄ࣮ࣞࣥࢫගᖸ΅ࢆᇶ
♏࡜ࡋࡓࠊ㠀౵く࡞᩿ᒙ࢖࣓࣮ࢪࣥࢢἲ࡜ࡋ࡚་
Ꮫ࣭⏕≀Ꮫ࡟ᗈࡃᛂ⏝ࡉࢀ࡚࠸ࡿࡀࠊ㏻ᖖࡢග※
࡛ࡣᩘ࣑ࢡࣟࣥ⛬ᗘࡢ✵㛫ศゎ⬟ࡀ㝈⏺࡛࠶ࡾࠊ
ࢧࣥࣉࣝ፹㉁୰ࡢ⩌㏿ᗘศᩓຠᯝ࡟ࡼࡿศゎ⬟
ࡢపୗࡀၥ㢟࡜࡞ࡗ࡚࠸ࡿࠋ୍᪉ࠊ㔞ᏊຊᏛⓗ࡞
ࡶࡘࢀྜ࠸ࢆᣢࡘගᏊᑐ࡟ࡼࡿ஧ගᏊ㔞Ꮚᖸ΅
ࢆᇶ♏࡜ࡍࡿ㔞Ꮚග᩿ᒙ᧜ᙳ(QOCT)࡛ࡣࠊ⩌㏿
ᗘศᩓຠᯝࡢ⿵ൾ࡟ࡼࡿศゎ⬟ࡢྥୖࡀྍ⬟࡜
࡞ࡿࠋ
ᅗ㸰㸸㧗ศᩓ፹㉁ࢆࢧࣥࣉࣝ⤒㊰࡟ᤄධࡋࡓሙྜࡢ 2&7 ಙྕD
ᡃࠎࡣྡྂᒇ኱Ꮫ࡜ࡢඹྠ◊✲࡟ࡼࡾࠊ௒ᅇࠊ
࠾ࡼࡧ㔞Ꮚ 2&7 ಙྕE
ᗈᖏᇦග※ࢆ⏝࠸࡚ QOCT ࡢ⩌㏿ᗘศᩓ࡬ࡢ⪏
ᛶࢆᐇドࡋࡓࠋ㔞Ꮚࡶࡘࢀྜ࠸ගᏊᑐ࡜ࡋ࡚ᗈᖏ
ᇦࣃ࣓ࣛࢺࣜࢵࢡ⺯ගᑐ(ᖏᇦ⣙ 80nm)ࢆ⏝࠸ࡓ QOCT ࡜ࠊྠ⛬ᗘࡢᖏᇦࢆᣢࡘග※࡟ࡼࡿ OCT ࡜ࡢẚ
㍑ᐇドࢆ⾜࡞ࡗࡓࠋ⩌㏿ᗘศᩓࡢᙳ㡪ࢆㄪ࡭ࡿࡓࡵ࡟ࢧࣥࣉࣝ⤒㊰୰࡟㧗ศᩓ፹㉁ᇶᯈࢆᤄධࡋࡓሙྜࠊ
OCT ࡛ࡣศゎ⬟ࡢᣦᶆ࡜࡞ࡿᖸ΅ಙྕᖜࡀ 10 ಸ௨ୖᗈࡀࡗࡓ (ᅗ 2(a)ࠊᇶᯈ࡞ࡋ࡛ࡣ⣙ 4ȝm)ࡢ࡟ᑐࡋࠊ
QOCT ࡛ࡣᗈࡀࡾࢆ㸰ಸ⛬ᗘ࡟ᢚไࡍࡿࡇ࡜࡟ᡂຌࡋࡓ(ᅗ 2(b)ࠊᇶᯈ࡞ࡋ࡛ࡣ⣙ 2ȝm)ࠋ௒ᚋࡣ᭦࡞ࡿ
ᗈᖏᇦග※ࡢ౑⏝࡟ࡼࡾ⩌㏿ᗘศᩓ⪏ᛶࢆ᭷ࡍࡿࢧࣈ࣑ࢡࣟࣥศゎ⬟ QOCT ࡢᐇ⌧ࡀᮇᚅࡉࢀࡿࠋ
࣭ࢼࣀගࣇ࢓࢖ࣂ࡜㔞Ꮚࢻࢵࢺࡢ⤖ྜ࡟ࡼࡿ༢୍ගᏊࢹࣂ࢖ࢫࡢᐇ⌧
༙ᑟయ㔞Ꮚࢻࢵࢺ࡞࡝ࡢᅛయ༢୍Ⓨගయ࠿ࡽࡢⓎගࡣ
㔞Ꮚ᝟ሗฎ⌮࡟࠾ࡅࡿ༢୍ගᏊ※࡜ࡋ࡚฼⏝ྍ⬟࡞஦ࡀ
▱ࡽࢀ࡚࠸ࡿࠋ༢୍Ⓨගయ࠿ࡽࡢⓎගࢆ㞟ࡵࡿ᪉ἲ࡜ࡋ
࡚᭱ࡶࡼࡃ฼⏝ࡉࢀࡿࡢࡀ㢧ᚤ㙾ᑐ≀ࣞࣥࢬࢆ⏝࠸ࡓᡭ
ἲ࡛࠶ࡿࡀࠊ༢୍Ⓨගయ࠿ࡽࡢⓎගࣃࢱ࣮ࣥࡀගࣇ࢓࢖
ࣂ࡬ࡢ⤖ྜ࡟ࡣ᭱㐺࡛ࡣ࡞࠸஦࠿ࡽࠊ㛤ཱྀᩘ㸦NA㸧1.4
ࡢ㧗ಸ⋡ᑐ≀ࣞࣥࢬࢆ౑⏝ࡋ࡚ࡶ⥲Ⓨග㔞ࡢ 1%⛬ᗘࡋ
࠿ගࣇ࢓࢖ࣂෆ࡟⤖ྜࡍࡿ஦ࡀ࡛ࡁࡎࠊᛂ⏝ୖࡢ኱ࡁ࡞
ㄢ㢟࡜࡞ࡗ࡚ࡁࡓࠋࡇࡢၥ㢟ࢆゎỴࡍࡿࡓࡵ࡟ࠊ
ᡃࠎࡣࠊ
┤ᚄࡀගࡢἼ㛗௨ୗ࡟࡞ࡿࡲ࡛ࢸ࣮ࣃ࣮≧࡟ᘬࡁᘏࡤࡋ
ࡓගࣇ࢓࢖ࣂ㸦ࢼࣀගࣇ࢓࢖ࣂ㸧ࢆ฼⏝ࡍࡿ஦ࢆ᳨ウࡋ
ᅗ㸱㸸ࢼࣀගࣇ࢓࢖ࣂ࡜㔞Ꮚࢻࢵࢺࡢ⤖ྜ࡟ࡼࡿ༢୍
࡚ࡁࡓࠋࢼࣀගࣇ࢓࢖ࣂࡣẼయཎᏊ㞟ᅋ࠿ࡽࡢⓎගࢆຠ
ගᏊࢹࣂ࢖ࢫࡢᐇ⌧ࡢᶍᘧᅗࠋᤄᅗࡣࣇ࢓࢖ࣂ➃࠿ࡽ
⋡ࡼࡃ㞟ࡵࡿࡇ࡜ࡀ࡛ࡁࡿ࡜ᐇ㦂ⓗ࡟♧ࡉࢀ࡚࠾ࡾࠊ㔞
ᑕฟࡉࢀࡿⓎගࡢ༢୍ගᏊᛶࢆド᫂ࡍࡿ஧ḟගᏊ┦㛵
Ꮚࢻࢵࢺ࡞࡝ࡢᅛయ༢୍Ⓨගయ࡜⤖ྜࡉࡏࡿ஦࡛ࠊ㧗ຠ
ࣄࢫࢺࢢ࣒ࣛࠋ
⋡࠿ࡘ⡆౽࡞༢୍ගᏊ※ࢹࣂ࢖ࢫࡢᐇ⌧ࡀᮇᚅࡉࢀࡿࠋ
௒ᅇࠊᡃࠎࡣࠊ༢୍ࡢ㔞Ꮚࢻࢵࢺ࠿ࡽⓎࡏࡽࢀࡿⓎග
ࢆ┤᥋ගࣇ࢓࢖ࣂ࡟⤖ྜࡍࡿᡭἲࢆࠊࡇࡢࢼࣀගࣇ࢓࢖ࣂࢆ⏝࠸࡚㛤Ⓨࡍࡿ஦࡟ᡂຌࡋࡓࠋ┤ᚄ
300nm࣭ගᦆኻ 10%௨ୗ࡜࠸࠺ᴟࡵ࡚Ⰻዲ࡞ගᏛ≉ᛶࢆ᭷ࡍࡿࢼࣀගࣇ࢓࢖ࣂ㔝స〇࡟ᡂຌࡋࠊࡉࡽ࡟
ࡑࡢୖ࡟༢୍ࡢ㔞Ꮚࢻࢵࢺࢆ㓄⨨ࡍࡿ஦࡛ࠊ㔞Ꮚࢻࢵࢺࡢ඲Ⓨග㔞ࡢ 7.4%ࡶࡢⓎගࡀࢼࣀගࣇ࢓࢖ࣂࢆ
⤒⏤ࡋ࡚┤᥋ࢩࣥࢢ࣮ࣝࣔࢻගࣇ࢓࢖ࣂ࡟⤖ྜࡍࡿ஦ࢆ᫂ࡽ࠿࡟ࡋࡓࠋ༢୍ගᏊ※ࡣගࢆ⏝࠸ࡓ㔞Ꮚ㏻
ಙࡢග※࡟┦ᙜࡍࡿࡶࡢ࡛ࠊගᖸ΅ᛶࡢ☜ಖ࣭᪤Ꮡࡢග㏻ಙ࢖ࣥࣇࣛࡢά⏝࡞࡝ࡢᐇ⏝ୖࠊࠕࢩࣥࢢࣝ
࣮ࣔࢻගࣇ࢓࢖ࣂࠖ࡜⤖ྜࡉࡏࡿ஦ࡀᴟࡵ࡚㔜せ࡛࠶ࡾࠊᮏ◊✲ᡂᯝࡣ㠀ᖖ࡟ព⩏ࡢ࠶ࡿࡶࡢ࡛࠶ࡿࠋ
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➨㸰◊✲㒊㛛㸦ᮦᩱ࣭ࣅ࣮࣒⛉Ꮫ⣔㸧
㻌
㻌
ᴫせ
ᮏ◊✲㒊㛛ࡣࠊ㔞Ꮚᶵ⬟ᮦᩱࠊඛ➃ᐇ⿦ᮦᩱࠊ༙ᑟయᮦᩱ࣭ࣉࣟࢭࢫࠊ㔠ᒓᮦᩱࣉࣟࢭࢫࠊບ㉳≀ᛶ
⛉Ꮫࠊ㔞Ꮚࣅ࣮࣒Ⓨ⏕⛉Ꮫࠊ㔞Ꮚࣅ࣮࣒≀㉁⛉Ꮫࠊࡢ ◊✲ศ㔝࠿ࡽ࡞ࡿࠋ௒ᚋࡢᛴ㏿࡞⛉Ꮫᢏ⾡ࡢⓎ
ᒎࢆᨭ࠼ࡿࡓࡵ࡟ࡣࠊ᪂つ࡞㧗ḟᶵ⬟ࢆᣢࡘᮦᩱࡢ๰ᡂࡀ୙ྍḞ࡛࠶ࡾࠊࡑࡢᒎ㛤ࡣࠊㅖᶵ⬟Ⓨ⌧ᶵᵓ
࡟㛵ࡍࡿ῝ࡃ㇏࠿࡞▱ぢ࡜ᮦᩱᵓ㐀ไᚚᢏ⾡࣭๰〇ᡭἲࡢ㠉᪂ⓗ㧗ᗘ໬࡟ࡼࡗ࡚㐩ᡂࡉࢀࡿࠋࡑࡢࡓࡵ
࡟ࠊ᪤Ꮡࡢ㔠ᒓ࣭↓ᶵ࣭᭷ᶵᮦᩱ◊✲ࡢᯟࢆ㉸࠼ࡓ㧗ḟࣉࣟࢭࢵࢩࣥࢢ࡟ᇶ࡙ࡃᮦᩱタィ࣭㛤Ⓨ࣭ᛂ⏝
ࢆඹ㏻ࡢᣦ㔪࡜ࡋ࡚ࠊ᪂つ࡞ᵓ㐀࣭ᶵ⬟ࢆࡶࡘ᝟ሗᮦᩱࠊ࢚ࢿࣝࢠ࣮ᮦᩱࠊ་⒪ᮦᩱ࡞࡝ࢆ๰〇ࡋࠊࡑ
ࡢᵓ㐀ゎᯒ࣭≀ᛶゎ᫂࡜ᗈ⠊࡞♫఍ⓗせㄳ࡟ࡇࡓ࠼ࡿᛂ⏝ࢆ┠ᣦࡍ◊✲ࢆᒎ㛤ࡋ࡚࠸ࡿࠋࡲࡓࠊ㸰㸮ୡ
⣖ࡢ⛉Ꮫᢏ⾡ࢆᨭ࠼࡚ࡁࡓࣅ࣮࣒⛉Ꮫࢆ᭦࡟ⓎᒎࡉࡏࡿⅭ࡟ࠊ᪂ࡋ࠸㧗㍤ᗘ࣭㧗ရ㉁ࡢ㔞Ꮚࣅ࣮࣒ࡢⓎ
⏕࣭ไᚚ࣭ィ ࡟㛵ࡍࡿ◊✲࡜ࠊ㔞Ꮚࣅ࣮࣒ㄏ㉳⌧㇟ࡢṇ☜࡞⌮ゎ࡟ᇶ࡙࠸ࡓඛ➃ࣅ࣮࣒ᛂ⏝◊✲ࢆ᥎
㐍ࡋ࡚࠸ࡿࠋᮏ◊✲㒊㛛ࡣࠊ⏘ᴗ⛉Ꮫࢼࣀࢸࢡࣀࣟࢪ࣮ࢭࣥࢱ࣮࠾ࡼࡧ㔞Ꮚࣅ࣮࣒⛉Ꮫ◊✲᪋タ࡜ᐦ᥋
࡞༠ຊ㛵ಀࢆᣢࡕ࡞ࡀࡽ◊✲ࢆ⾜ࡗ࡚࠾ࡾࠊ᭦࡟ࡣࠊศ㔝࣭㒊㛛㛫ࡢඹྠ◊✲ࡢࡳ࡞ࡽࡎࠊᅜබ❧◊✲
ᶵ㛵ࠊẸ㛫௻ᴗ࡞ࡽࡧ࡟ᅜ㝿ⓗ࡞ඹྠ◊✲࡟ࡶ✚ᴟⓗ࡟ྲྀࡾ⤌ࢇ࡛࠸ࡿࠋ
㻌
ᡂᯝ
࣭ࢺ࣏ࣟࢪ࢝ࣝ⤯⦕యࡢᮦᩱ㛤Ⓨ࡜≀ᛶゎ᫂
࣭ࢺ࣏ࣟࢪ࢝ࣝ㉸ఏᑟయ࡞࡝᪂ወ࡞㉸ఏᑟయࡢ᥈⣴࡜≀ᛶゎ᫂
࣭ᴟప⃰ᗘḞ㝗ᾘ⁛ᆺὙίᾮ࡟ࡼࡿࢩࣜࢥࣥᮦᩱୖࡢ㔠ᒓởᰁࢆ 1/100,000 ࣔࣀࣞ࢖࣮ࣖ௨ୗ࡟㝖ཤࡍ
ࡿ໬Ꮫⓗ⾲㠃ฎ⌮ἲࡢ㛤Ⓨ
࣭Ẽయ◪㓟㓟໬ἲࡢ㛤Ⓨ࡟ࡼࡿ㉸㧗ᛶ⬟ SiO2/Si ᵓ㐀ࡢప ๰〇ࡢᐇ⌧
࣭㧗ᅽỈ⣲ࢆ⏝࠸࡞࠸࢞ࢫ໬ྜ≀⇕ศゎἲ࡟ࡼࡿ࣮ࣟࢱࢫᆺ࣏࣮ࣛࢫ㔠ᒓࡢపࢥࢫࢺ໬㐃⥆㗪㐀ᢏ⾡ࡢ
ᇶ┙ࡢ☜❧
࣭㧗࠸ẼᏍ⋡ࢆ᭷ࡍࡿ࣏࣮ࣛࢫ࢔࣑ࣝࢽ࣒࢘ࡢୡ⏺ึࡢస〇
࣭㖟ሷ࢖ࣥࢡࡢ㛤Ⓨ࡜ࡑࡢᇶ♏≉ᛶࡢゎ᫂
࣭㧗 ࡣࢇࡔ㛤Ⓨ࣭Sn ࢘࢕ࢫ࢝Ⓨ⏕࣓࢝ࢽࢬ࣒ࡢゎ᫂
࣭ࣇ࢙࣒ࢺ⛊᫬㛫ศゎ㟁Ꮚᅇᢡ⿦⨨࡟ࡼࡿ↓ᶵ⤖ᬗࡢගㄏ㉳ᵓ㐀┦㌿⛣㐣⛬ࡢ┤᥋ᵓ㐀ほᐹ
࣭ࣇ࢙࣒ࢺ⛊᫬㛫ศゎ㸰ගᏊග㟁Ꮚศග࡟ࡼࡿ༙ᑟయ⤖ᬗࡢ࢟ࣕࣜ࢔㉸㧗㏿ືຊᏛࡢゎ᫂
࣭ࢥࣄ࣮ࣞࣥࢺ㟁Ꮚບ㉳Ἴ᮰࡟ࡼࡿࢢࣛࣇ࢓࢖ࢺࡢගㄏ㉳┦㌿⛣ᶵᵓࡢゎ᫂
࣭L ࣂࣥࢻ RF 㟁Ꮚ㖠ࡢ㛤Ⓨ࡜⮬⏤㟁Ꮚ࣮ࣞࢨ࣮ගࡢࢥࣄ࣮ࣞࣥࢫ≉ᛶィ ࣭ᴟ➃⣸እගࣜࢯࢢࣛࣇ࢕ࣉࣟࢭࢫࡢ㛤Ⓨ
࣭จ⦰┦࡟࠾ࡅࡿ㔞Ꮚࣅ࣮࣒ㄏ㉳཯ᛂࡢゎ᫂
㻌
― 50 ―
㔞Ꮚᶵ⬟ᮦᩱ◊✲ศ㔝
ᩍᤵ
෸ᩍᤵ
ຓᩍ
≉௵ຓᩍ
≉௵◊✲ဨ
኱Ꮫ㝔Ꮫ⏕
஦ົ⿵బဨ
Ᏻ⸨ 㝧୍
℩ᕝ ⪔ྖ
బࠎᮌ ⪽ࠊTASKIN Alexey
KRIENER Markus㸦ᖹᡂ 24 ᖺ 4 ᭶ 1 ᪥᥇⏝㸧
௵ அ
Ụ⸨ ᩘ㤿ࠊྜྷ⏣ Ⰻᖹࠊ࿴⏣ ⚈ᖹࠊୖᒣ ༟ᕭࠊᮌୗ ୍Ⓩ
୰ᮧ ࡺ࠿ࡾ
a) ᴫせ
ᮏ◊✲ศ㔝࡛ࡣࠊヨᩱస〇࠿ࡽ≀ᛶ ᐃࡲ࡛ࢆ୍㈏ࡋ࡚⾜࠺ࡇ࡜
࡟ࡼࡾ᪂ወ࡞ᮦᩱࡀ♧ࡍ≉ᚩⓗ࡞㟁Ꮚᶵ⬟≀ᛶࡢⓎ⌧ᶵᵓࢆ᥈✲ࡋࠊ
ࡑࡢ▱ぢ࡟ᇶ࡙࠸ࡓ⏬ᮇⓗ᪂ᮦᩱࡢ๰〇ࢆ┠ᣦࡋ࡚࠸ࡿࠋ⌧ᅾ≉࡟
ὀ┠ࡋ࡚࠸ࡿࡢࡀࠊࣂࣝࢡ࡟ࡣ⤯⦕య࡛࠶ࡿࡀ㟁ᏊἼື㛵ᩘࡀᣢࡘ
ࢺ࣏ࣟࢪ࢝ࣝ࡞ᛶ㉁࡟ࡼࡗ࡚⾲㠃࡟࣊ࣜ࢝ࣝ࡞ࢫࣆࣥ೫ᴟࢆᣢࡗࡓ
㔠ᒓ≧ែࡀ⌧ࢀࡿࠕࢺ࣏ࣟࢪ࢝ࣝ⤯⦕యࠖ࡜࿧ࡤࢀࡿᮦᩱ࡛࠶ࡿࠋ
ࡇࡢᮦᩱࡣ 2008 ᖺ࡟Ⓨぢࡉࢀࠊ௨᮶ᡃࠎࡣ䛣䛾ศ㔝䛷᪥ᮏ䛻䛚䛡䜛
ඛᑟ⪅䛾ᙺ๭䜢ᯝ䛯䛧䛶䛔䜛䚹
b) ᡂᯝ
ᅗ㸯
ࢺ࣏ࣟࢪ࢝ࣝ⤯⦕యࢆ≉ᚩ௜
ࡅࡿ≉␗࡞⾲㠃≧ែ
࣭ࢺ࣏ࣟࢪ࢝ࣝ⤯⦕య
᭱㏆ࠊ≀ᛶ≀⌮Ꮫࡢศ㔝࡛኱ࡁ࡞ὀ┠ࢆ㞟ࡵ࡚࠸ࡿࠕࢺ࣏ࣟࢪ࢝ࣝ⤯⦕యࠖࡣࠊᙉ࠸ࢫࣆࣥ㌶㐨┦஫
స⏝࡟ࡼࡗ࡚౯㟁Ꮚᖏࡢ㔞ᏊຊᏛἼື㛵ᩘࡢࣃࣜࢸ࢕ࡀ㏻ᖖ࡜཯ᑐ࡟࡞ࡗ࡚࠸ࡿ⤯⦕య≀㉁࡛࠶ࡿࠋ㔞
Ꮚ≧ែࡢࣃࣜࢸ࢕ࡣࠕZ2 ᩘࠖ࡜࠸࠺ࢺ࣏ࣟࢪ࢝ࣝ୙ኚ㔞࡛⾲⌧ࡉࢀࡿࡀࠊࡇࡢ Z2 ࢺ࣏ࣟࢪ࣮࡟㛵ࡋ࡚
ࢺ࣏ࣟࢪ࢝ࣝ⤯⦕యࡣࠕᬑ㏻ࡢ⤯⦕య࡛ࠖ࠶ࡿ┿✵࡜␗࡞ࡗ࡚࠸ࡿࡓࡵࠊ๓⪅࠿ࡽᚋ⪅࡬㐃⥆ⓗ࡟㑄⛣
ࡍࡿࡇ࡜ࡣ࡛ࡁࡎࠊࡑࡢ㛫࡟ࡣ୍ᗘࠊ⤯⦕య௨እࡢ≧ែࠊࡘࡲࡾ㔠ᒓ≧ែࢆ⤒࡞ࡅࢀࡤ࡞ࡽ࡞࠸ࠋࡇࡢ
ཎ⌮࡟ࡼࡗ࡚ࢺ࣏ࣟࢪ࢝ࣝ⤯⦕యࡢ⾲㠃࡟ࡣᚲࡎ㔠ᒓⓗ≧ែࡀ⌧ࢀࠊࡋ࠿ࡶࡑࡢ୰ࡢ㟁Ꮚࡣ㉁㔞ࢮࣟࡢ
ࢹ࢕ࣛࢵࢡ⢏Ꮚ࡜࡞ࡗ࡚࠸ࡿࠋࡉࡽ࡟ࡑࡇ࡛ࡣࢫࣆࣥ㌶㐨┦஫స⏝ࢆ཯ᫎࡋࡓࢫࣆ࣭ࣥࢸࢡࢫࢳࣕࡢࡓ
ࡵ࡟↓ᩓ㐓ࡢࢫࣆࣥὶࡀ⏕ࡌ࡚࠸ࡿࠋࡇࡢ⾲㠃≧ែࢆ⯙ྎ࡟ࡋ࡚ࠊᩘࠎࡢ᪂ወ࡞ࢺ࣏ࣟࢪ࢝ࣝ㔞Ꮚ⌧㇟
ࡢฟ⌧ࡀண᝿ࡉࢀ࡚࠸ࡿࡢ࡟ຍ࠼ࠊࡇ
ࡢ≉ᚩ࠶ࡿ⾲㠃≧ែࢆ฼⏝ࡋࡓ㉸┬࢚
ࢿᆺ᝟ሗฎ⌮ࢹࣂ࢖ࢫࡢྍ⬟ᛶࡶ኱ࡁ
࡞ὀ┠ࢆ㞟ࡵ࡚࠸ࡿࠋ
㸯 ࢺ࣏ࣟࢪ࢝ࣝ㔞Ꮚ┦㌿⛣㏆ഐ࡛
ࡢࢹ࢕ࣛࢵࢡ㟁Ꮚࡢ㉁㔞⋓ᚓ
⌮ㄽண ࡟ᇶ࡙࠸࡚๓ᖺᗘ࡟ᡃࠎࡣ
TlBiSe2 ࡀࢺ࣏ࣟࢪ࢝ࣝ⤯⦕య࡛࠶ࡿ
ࡇ࡜ࢆⓎぢࡋࡓࡀࠊࡑࡢ≀㉁࡛ Se ࢆ S
࡛㒊ศ⨨᥮ࡋࡓ⣔ TlBi(SexS1-x)2 ࡛ࡣ
x=0.5 ௜㏆࡛⾲㠃≧ែࡀᾘኻࡋࠊࡘࡲࡾ
ࡑࡇ࡛ࡣࢺ࣏ࣟࢪ࢝ࣝ㔞Ꮚ┦㌿⛣ࡀ㉳
ࡁࡿࡇ࡜ࢆ᫂ࡽ࠿࡟ࡋࡓࠋࡉࡽ࡟⯆࿡
῝࠸ࡇ࡜࡟ࠊSe 㔞ࡀ x=0.6-0.9 ࡢ⤌ᡂ
㻌
ᅗ㸰 ゅᗘศゎග㟁Ꮚศග࡛ほ ࡉࢀࡓ TlBi(SexS1-x)2 ࡟࠾ࡅࡿ⾲㠃≧ែࡢ
ࣂࣥࢻศᩓࠋࢹ࢕ࣛࢵࢡ㟁Ꮚⓗ࡞࢚ࢿࣝࢠ࣮ศᩓࢆ♧ࡍ⾲㠃≧ែࡀ x=1 ࡛
ほ ࡉࢀ࡚࠸ࡿࡀ x ࢆῶᑡࡉࡏࡿ࡜ࢠࣕࢵࣉࡀ㛤ࡃࡇ࡜ࡀࢃ࠿ࡿࠋ
― 51 ―
࡛ࡣ⾲㠃≧ែ࡟ࢠࣕࢵࣉࡀ㛤ࡃࡇ࡜ࡀ᫂ࡽ࠿࡟࡞ࡗࡓࠋࡇࢀࡣ x=1 ࡟࠾ࡅࡿ⾲㠃≧ែ࡛ࡣ㉁㔞ࢮ࡛ࣟ࠶
ࡗࡓ Dirac ⢏Ꮚࡀ Se ࡢ S ⨨᥮࡟ࡼࡗ࡚㉁㔞ࢆ⋓ᚓࡋࡓࡇ࡜ࢆព࿡ࡋ࡚࠸ࡿࡀࠊࡇࢀࡲ࡛࡟▱ࡽࢀ࡚࠸ࡿ
࣓࢝ࢽࢬ࣒࡛ࡣ௒ᅇࡢࢣ࣮ࢫࡢࡼ࠺࡟᫂♧ⓗ࡟᫬㛫཯㌿ᑐ⛠ᛶࢆ◚ࡗ࡚࠸࡞࠸⣔࡟࠾ࡅࡿ㉁㔞⋓ᚓࡣ
ㄝ࡛᫂ࡁ࡞࠸ࠋᏱᐂ๰ᡂᮇ࡟࠾࠸࡚⮬Ⓨⓗᑐ⛠ᛶࡢ◚ࢀ࡟ࡼࡗ࡚⣲⢏Ꮚࡀ㉁㔞ࢆ⋓ᚓࡋࡓࣄࢵࢢࢫᶵᵓ
ࡢࡼ࠺࡞࣓࢝ࢽࢬ࣒ࡀᅛయෆ㒊࡟ࡶᏑᅾࡍࡿྍ⬟ᛶࢆࡇࡢᐇ㦂⤖ᯝࡣ♧၀ࡋ࡚࠸ࡿࠋ
㸰㸬ࢺ࣏ࣟࢪ࢝ࣝ⤯⦕య࡟࠾ࡅࡿࣂࣝࢡ⤯⦕ᛶࡢྥୖ࡜ࢹ࢕ࣛࢵࢡ㗹ࡢไᚚ࡟ᡂຌ
๓ᖺᗘ࡟ᡃࠎࡣ Bi2Te2Se ࡜࠸࠺≀㉁
ࡀࡑࢀࡲ࡛࡛᭱ࡶ㧗࠸ࣂࣝࢡ⤯⦕ᛶࢆ
ᣢࡘࢺ࣏ࣟࢪ࢝ࣝ⤯⦕య࡛࠶ࡿࡇ࡜ࢆ
Ⓨぢࡋࡓࡀࠊ௒ᖺᗘࡣ Bi2-xSbxTe3-ySey ࡜
⤌ᡂࢆᗈࡆࡓ୍㐃ࡢ≀㉁࡛ᴟ㝈ࡲ࡛ࣂ
ࣝࢡࡢ࢟ࣕࣜ࢔ࢆῶᑡࡉࡏࡿࡇ࡜࡟ᡂ
ຌࡋࡓࠋ࡞࠿࡛ࡶ Bi1.5Sb0.5Te1.7Se1.3 ࡜࠸
࠺⤌ᡂ࡛᭱ࡶࣂࣝࢡ⤯⦕ᛶࡢⰋ࠸ヨᩱ
㻌
ࡀᚓࡽࢀࠊ⯆࿡῝࠸⾲㠃≧ែࢆほ ࡍࡿ
ᅗ㸱 ᕥࡣ Bi2-xSbxTe3-ySey ࡢ┦ᅗࠋ㉥୸ࡀ㧗࠸ࣂࣝࢡ⤯⦕ᛶࡢᚓࡽࢀࡿ⤌ᡂ
⯙ྎ࡜ࡋ࡚௒ᚋࡉ࠿ࢇ࡟⏝࠸ࡽࢀࡿࡇ
ࢆ♧ࡍࠋྑࡣ୍㐃ࡢ≀㉁࡟࠾ࡅࡿ㟁Ẽ᢬ᢠ⋡ࡢ ᗘ౫Ꮡᛶࠋ
࡜ࡀᮇᚅࡉࢀࡿࠋࡲࡓࠊBi2-xSbxTe3-ySey
ࡢ୍㐃ࡢ≀㉁࡟ࡘ࠸࡚ゅᗘศゎග㟁Ꮚ
ศග ᐃࢆ⾜ࡗࡓ࡜ࡇࢁࠊࡇࡢ⣔࡛ࡣ⤌ᡂࢆኚ࠼ࡿ࡜࡜ࡶ࡟⾲㠃≧ែࡢࢹ࢕ࣛࢵࢡ㗹ࡢ఩⨨ࢆࣂࣝࢡࡢ
ࣂࣥࢻࢠࣕࢵࣉෆ࡛⣔⤫ⓗ࡟ኚ໬ࡉࡏࡿࡇ࡜ࡀ࡛ࡁࡿࡇ࡜ࡶ᫂ࡽ࠿࡟࡞ࡗࡓࠋ
㸱㸬᪂ወ࡞㉸ఏᑟయ &X[%L6H ࡀࢺ࣏ࣟࢪ࢝ࣝ㉸ఏᑟయ࡛࠶ࡿࡇ࡜ࢆ☜ㄆ
㟁Ꮚࢻ࣮ࣉࡉࢀࡓࢺ࣏ࣟࢪ࢝ࣝ⤯⦕య࡛࠶
ࠕࢺ࣏ࣟࢪ࢝ࣝ㉸ఏ
ࡿ CuxBi2Se3 ㉸ఏᑟయࡣࠊ
ᑟయ࡛ࠖ࠶ࡿྍ⬟ᛶࡀ⌮ㄽⓗ࡟ᣦ᦬ࡉࢀࠊ኱
ࡁ࡞ὀ┠ࢆ㞟ࡵ࡚࠸ࡿࠋᡃࠎࡣ CuxBi2Se3 ༢
⤖ᬗヨᩱࡢ๼㛤㠃࡟㖟ࢼࣀ⢏Ꮚ࡟ࡼࡿ࣏࢖ࣥ
ࢺࢥࣥࢱࢡࢺࢆస〇ࡋࠊCuxBi2Se3 ࡢࢯࣇࢺ࣏
࢖ࣥࢺࢥࣥࢱࢡࢺศග࡟ࡼࡗ࡚␗᪉ⓗ㉸ఏᑟ
ᅗ㸲Dࢯࣇࢺ࣏࢖ࣥࢺࢥࣥࢱࢡࢺศගᐇ㦂ࡢᴫ␎ᅗࠋEᐇ㝿࡟ᙧ
యࡢドᣐ࡛࠶ࡿᚤศࢥࣥࢲࢡࢱࣥࢫࡢࢮ࢚ࣟ
ᡂࡉࢀࡓ࣏࢖ࣥࢺࢥࣥࢱࢡࢺࡢ㟁Ꮚ㢧ᚤ㙾෗┿㸦╔Ⰽฎ⌮࠶ࡾ㸧
ࠋF
⾲㠃࡟࣐ࣚࣛࢼ⢏ᏊࡀᏑᅾࡍࡿࡇ࡜࡟ࡼࡗ࡚⏕ࡌࡓᚤศࢥࣥࢲࢡࢱ
ࢿࣝࢠ࣮ࣆ࣮ࢡࢆほ ࡍࡿࡇ࡜࡟ᡂຌࡋࡓ
ࣥࢫࡢࢮ࢚ࣟࢿࣝࢠ࣮ࣆ࣮ࢡࠋ&X[%L6H ㉸ఏᑟయ࡟࠾࠸࡚ࡣࠊࡇࡢ
㸦ᅗ㸲c㸧ࠋࡇࡢ≉␗࡞ᚤศࢥࣥࢲࢡࢱࣥࢫࣆ
≉␗࡞ࣆ࣮ࢡࡢほ ࡀࢺ࣏ࣟࢪ࢝ࣝ㉸ఏᑟయࡢ☜ドࢆ୚࠼ࡿࠋ
࣮ࢡࡣࠊ␗᪉ⓗ㉸ఏᑟ≧ែࡀᐇ⌧ࡋ࡚࠸ࢀࡤ
ほ ࡉࢀࠊࡑࡢ≧ែ࡟ࡣࢺ࣏ࣟࢪ࢝ࣝ∧࡜㠀ࢺ࣏ࣟࢪ࢝ࣝ∧ࡀ࠶ࡿࡓࡵࠊ୍⯡࡟ࡣࢺ࣏ࣟࢪ࢝ࣝ㉸ఏᑟ
యࡢᏑᅾࢆ♧ࡍࡓࡵ࡟ࡣ୙༑ศ࡛࠶ࡿࠋࡋ࠿ࡋࠊCuxBi2Se3 ࡣ༢⣧࡞㟁Ꮚᵓ㐀ࢆᣢࡘࡓࡵࠊࡶࡋࡇࡢ≀
㉁࡛␗᪉ⓗ㉸ఏᑟ≧ែࡀᐇ⌧ࡋ࡚࠸ࢀࡤࡑࢀࡣᚲࡎࢺ࣏ࣟࢪ࢝ࣝ㉸ఏᑟ≧ែ࡛࠶ࡿ࡜⌮ㄽⓗ࡟⤖ㄽ࡛
ࡁࡓࠋ
ࡲࡓࠊࢺ࣏ࣟࢪ࢝ࣝ㉸ఏᑟయࡢࡶࡗ࡜ࡶ㢧ⴭ࡞≉ᚩࡣ⾲㠃࡟࣐ࣚࣛࢼ⢏Ꮚ࡜࿧ࡤࢀࡿ඲ࡃ᪂ࡋ࠸⢏Ꮚ
ࡀ⌧ࢀࡿࡇ࡜࡛࠶ࡾࠊCuxBi2Se3 ࡢᚤศࢥࣥࢲࢡࢱࣥࢫࣆ࣮ࢡࡢほ ࡣ࣐ࣚࣛࢼ⢏Ꮚࡀసࡿ⾲㠃㟁Ꮚ≧
ែࢆᐇ㦂ⓗ࡟ᤊ࠼ࡓึࡵ࡚ࡢᡂᯝ࡛࠶ࡿࠋࡇࡢࡇ࡜ࡣ࣐ࣚࣛࢼ⢏Ꮚ࡟㛵ࢃࡿ◊✲ୖ㔜せ࡞ᡂᯝ࡜ࡋ࡚⡿
ᅜࡢ࣓ࢹ࢕࢔ Science News ࡢグ஦࡛⤂௓ࡉࢀࡓࠋ
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༙ᑟయᮦᩱ࣭ࣉࣟࢭࢫ◊✲ศ㔝
ᩍᤵ ຓᩍᤵ ຓᩍ
≉௵ᩍᤵ ≉௵ຓᩍ ኱Ꮫ㝔Ꮫ⏕
ᑠᯘ ග
㧘ᶫ ᫀ⏨
ᯇᮏ ೺ಇ
௒஭ ⦾つࠊబ㈡ 㐩⏨ࠊᑎᕝ ⃈㞝ࠊ୰ᡞ ⩏⚰
㔠 భ᯶
௒ᮧ ೺ኴ㑻ࠊஂಖ⏣ 㟹ࠊ⚟ᓥ 㝯ྐࠊࣇࣛࣥࢥ ࣇࣛࣥࢩࢫࢥࠊ
㔠 ᫀ㙞ࠊ⋤ 〢ࠊ㇂ ♩⋤㤿ࠊྂᕝ ῟୍ࠊᰗ⏕ ┿౫ࠊ๓⏣ ㆡ❶
◊✲⏕ ㅰ 㞹
஦ົ⿵బဨ 㯮ᓮ ༓㤶
a) ᴫせ
༙ᑟయᢏ⾡ࡣࠊᛴ㏿࡟㐍Ṍࡍࡿ⌧௦♫఍ࢆᨭ࠼࡚࠸ࡿ࡜࠸ࡗ࡚ࡶ㐣ゝ࡛ࡣ࡞࠸ࠋᙜ◊✲ศ㔝࡛ࡣࠊ᪂
つࡢ༙ᑟయ໬Ꮫࣉࣟࢭࢫࢆ㛤Ⓨࡍࡿࡇ࡜࡟ࡼࡗ࡚ࠊ✀ࠎࡢ༙ᑟయࢹࣂ࢖ࢫࡢ㧗ᛶ⬟໬࡜పࢥࢫࢺ໬ࢆ┠
ᣦࡍ◊✲ࢆ⾜ࡗ࡚࠸ࡿࠋ༙ᑟయࢹࣂ࢖ࢫ࣭ᮦᩱ࡜ࡋ࡚ࡣࠊ(1)࢚ࢿࣝࢠ࣮ၥ㢟࡜⎔ቃၥ㢟ࡢゎỴࢆ┠ᣦࡋࡓኴ
㝧㟁ụࠊ(2)ࢩࣜࢥࣥษ⢊ࢆ฼⏝ࡋࡓ࣡࢖ࢻࣂࣥࢻࢠࣕࢵࣉࢆࡶࡘࢩࣜࢥࣥࢼࣀ⢏Ꮚࡢస〇ࠊ(3)LSI ࡢᇶᮏᵓ
㐀࡛࠶ࡿ㔠ᒓ㸫㓟໬≀㸫༙ᑟయ(MOS)ࢹࣂ࢖ࢫࠊ(4)ᾮᬗࢹ࢕ࢫࣉࣞ࢖࡟⏝࠸ࡽࢀࡿⷧ⭷ࢺࣛࣥࢪࢫࢱ࡟
㛵ࡍࡿᇶ♏◊✲ࢆ⾜ࡗ࡚࠸ࡿࠋࡲࡓࠊୖグࢹࣂ࢖ࢫࡢ≉ᛶࢆ኱ࡁࡃᙳ㡪ࡍࡿ༙ᑟయ⏺㠃ࡢ㧗ឤᗘほ ࡟
㛵ࡍࡿ◊✲ࡶ⾜ࡗ࡚࠸ࡿࠋ
b) ᡂᯝ
࣭◪㓟㓟໬ἲࢆ⏝࠸ࡓᑡᩘ࢟ࣕࣜ࢔ࣛ࢖ࣇࢱ࢖࣒࡜ኴ㝧㟁ụ≉ᛶࡢྥୖ
ࢩࣜࢥࣥኴ㝧㟁ụࡢ⌮ㄽ࢚ࢿࣝࢠ࣮ኚ᥮ຠ⋡ࡣ⣙ 30%࡛࠶ࡿࡀࠊ⌧ᅾᕷ㈍ࡉࢀ࡚࠸ࡿኴ㝧㟁ụࡢኚ᥮
ຠ⋡ࡣ 15㹼21%ࡋ࠿࡞࠸ࠋࢩࣜࢥࣥኴ㝧㟁ụࡢ࢚ࢿࣝࢠ࣮ᦆኻࡢཎᅉࡢ୰࡛ࡶࠊኴ㝧㟁ụ⾲㠃࡛ࡢ཯ᑕ
ᦆኻࡣ⣙ 5%࡜኱ࡁ࡞๭ྜࢆ༨ࡵࡿࠋࡇࡢࡓࡵࠊࢩࣜࢥࣥ⾲㠃ࡢࣃࢵࢩ࣮࣋ࢩࣙࣥᢏ⾡ࡣࠊࢩࣜࢥࣥኴ
㝧㟁ụࡢ࢚ࢿࣝࢠ࣮ኚ᥮ຠ⋡ࢆᨵၿࡍࡿ࠺࠼࡛ࠊᴟࡵ
࡚㔜せ࡞ㄢ㢟࡛࠶ࡿࠋࡑࡇ࡛ࠊኴ㝧㟁ụ⾲㠃ࢆ◪㓟࡟
ࡼࡾప ࡛┤᥋㓟໬ࡍࡿ◪㓟㓟໬ἲࢆ⏝࠸ࡿࡇ࡜࡟ࡼ
ࡾࠊኴ㝧㟁ụ≉ᛶࡢྥୖࢆヨࡳࡓࠋ
ࢩࣜࢥࣥ༢⤖ᬗ⾲㠃࡟◪㓟㓟໬ἲ࡟ࡼࡾᴟⷧ SiO2 ⭷
ࢆᙧᡂࡍࡿ࡜ࠊᑡᩘ࢟ࣕࣜ࢔ࣛ࢖ࣇࢱ࢖࣒ࡀቑຍࡋࡓࠋ
◪㓟㓟໬ࢆ⾜࠺㝿࡟ࠊ68wt%ࡢ◪㓟ࡲࡓࡣ 98wt%ࡢ◪
㓟Ỉ⁐ᾮࢆ⏝࠸ࡓሙྜ࡟ࡣࠊࣛ࢖ࣇࢱ࢖࣒ࡀ◪㓟㓟໬
ἲࢆ⏝࠸࡞࠿ࡗࡓࢩࣜࢥࣥ⾲㠃ࡼࡾࡶ኱ࡁࡃቑຍࡋࡓ
ࡀࠊ48wt%ࡢ◪㓟Ỉ⁐ᾮࢆ⏝࠸ࡓሙྜ࡟ࡣࠊ㏫࡟ࣛ࢖
ࣇࢱ࢖࣒ࡀῶᑡࡋࡓࠋࣇࢵ໬Ỉ⣲㓟࡟ᾐₕࡋ࡚ࠊࢩࣜ
ࢥࣥ⾲㠃ࢆỈ⣲ཎᏊ࡛⤊➃ࡋࡓ⾲㠃࡛ࡣࠊึᮇࡢࣛ࢖
Figure 1 p ᆺከ⤖ᬗࢩࣜࢥࣥᇶᯈୖ࡟ n ᆺࡢ
ࣇࢱ࢖࣒ࡣ㧗࠿ࡗࡓࡀࠊ5 ᪥㛫✵Ẽ୰࡛ಖ⟶ࡋࡓᚋࡣࣇ
ࣁ࢖ࢻ࣮ࣉᒙࢆᙧᡂࡋࠊస〇ࡋࡓከ⤖ᬗࢩ
ࢵ໬Ỉ⣲㓟࡟ᾐₕ࡟ࡍࡿ๓ࡢ⮬↛㓟໬⭷ࡢ࠶ࡿࢩࣜࢥ
ࣜࢥࣥኴ㝧㟁ụࡢ㟁ὶ̿㟁ᅽ≉ᛶ㸦AM 1.5
ࣥ⾲㠃࡛ࡢࣛ࢖ࣇࢱ࢖࣒࡜ྠ➼ࡢ್ࡲ࡛పୗࡋࡓࠋ୍
100 mW/cm2㸧ࠋ(a) ◪㓟㓟໬ἲࢆ⏝࠸࡞࠿ࡗ
᪉ࠊ◪㓟㓟໬ἲࢆ⏝࠸࡚ࠊ⾲㠃ࢆࣃࢵࢩ࣮࣋ࢩࣙࣥࡋ
ࡓኴ㝧㟁ụ (b) 40 wt% ࡢ◪㓟ࢆ⏝࠸࡚⾲
ࡓሙྜ࡟ࡣࠊࣛ࢖ࣇࢱ࢖࣒ࡢ್࡟ኚ໬ࡣ࡞࠿ࡗࡓࠋࡇ
㠃ࢆ◪㓟㓟໬ࡋࡓኴ㝧㟁ụ(c) 68 wt% ࡢ◪
ࡢᏳᐃᛶࡣࠊ◪㓟㓟໬⭷ࡢཎᏊᐦᗘࡀ㧗ࡃࠊࡇࢀ࡟ࡼ
㓟ࢆ⏝࠸࡚⾲㠃ࢆ◪㓟㓟໬ࡋࡓኴ㝧㟁ụ(d)
ࡾ㓟໬✀ࡀ㓟໬⭷୰ࢆᣑᩓࡋࠊSi/SiO2 ⏺㠃ࡢຎ໬ࢆ㜵
98 wt% ࡢ◪㓟ࢆ⏝࠸࡚⾲㠃ࢆ◪㓟㓟໬ࡋ
ࡓኴ㝧㟁ụ.
― 53 ―
࠸ࡔࡓࡵ࡛࠶ࡿ࡜⪃࠼ࡽࢀࡿࠋ◪㓟㓟໬⭷ࡢཎᏊᐦᗘࡣࠊ◪㓟ࡢ⃰ᗘࡀୖ᪼ࡍࡿ࡟ࡘࢀ࡚኱ࡁࡃ࡞ࡾࠊ
౯㟁Ꮚᖏ୙㐃⥆࢚ࢿࣝࢠ࣮ࡣቑຍࡋࡓࠋࡉࡽ࡟ࠊpn ᥋ྜࢆᙧᡂࡋࡓከ⤖ᬗࢩࣜࢥࣥኴ㝧㟁ụࢆ 68wt%
ࡢ◪㓟࠾ࡼࡧ 98wt%ࡢ◪㓟Ỉ⁐ᾮ࡟ᾐₕࡋࠊࡑࢀࡒࢀࡢኴ㝧㟁ụ⾲㠃ࢆࣃࢵࢩ࣮࣋ࢩࣙࣥࡋࡓ࡜ࡇࢁࠊ
࢚ࢿࣝࢠ࣮ኚ᥮ຠ⋡ࡣࠊࡑࢀࡒࢀࠊ┦ᑐ್࡛ࠊ14 ࠾ࡼࡧ 17%ቑຍࡋࡓ㸦ᅗ㸯㸧ࠋࡇࡢ⤖ᯝࡶࠊ◪㓟㓟໬
࡟ࡼࡾࠊኴ㝧㟁ụ⾲㠃ࡢ Si/SiO2 ⏺㠃‽఩ᐦᗘࡀᾘ⁛ࡋࡓࡇ࡜࡟ࡼࡿ࡜⪃࠼ࡽࢀࡿࠋ
࣭᪂つ◪㓟㓟໬ἲࢆ⏝࠸ࡓ㧗ᛶ⬟࡞ 5-10 nm ࡢ⭷ཌࡢ SiO2 ⷧ⭷ࡢప ๰〇
ࢩࣜࢥࣥኴ㝧㟁ụ࡟࠾࠸࡚ࠊ⾲㠃ࡢ㔠ᒓởᰁࡣࠊ෌⤖ྜ୰ᚰ࡜ࡋ࡚ാࡃࡇ࡜ࡀࡼࡃ▱ࡽࢀ࡚࠾ࡾࠊࡇ
ࡢ⾲㠃ࢆΎί໬ࡍࡿࡇ࡜ࡣࠊኴ㝧㟁ụࡢ࢚ࢿࣝࢠ࣮ኚ᥮ຠ⋡ࢆྥୖࡉࡏࡿ࠺࠼࡛ࠊᴟࡵ࡚㔜せ࡞ࣉࣟࢭ
ࢫ࡛࠶ࡿࠋᐊ ࡛ࢩ࢔ࣥ໬Ỉ⣲Ỉ⁐ᾮ࡟ࢩࣜࢥࣥᇶᯈࢆᾐₕࡍࡿࢩ࢔ࣥ໬ἲࡣࠊࢩࣜࢥࣥ⾲㠃ࡢ㔠ᒓở
ᰁࡢ㝖ཤ࡟ᑐࡋࠊ㧗࠸ຠᯝࢆ♧ࡍࡇ࡜ࡀࢃ࠿ࡗ࡚ࡁࡓࠋࡇࡢ༙ᑟయὙίᢏ⾡࡛ࡣࠊ༙ᑟయୖࡢࢩ࢔ࣥ໬
≀࢖࢜ࣥࡀ㔠ᒓởᰁ≀࡜㠀ᖖ࡟Ᏻᐃ࡞㘒࢖࢜ࣥࢆᙧᡂࡍࡿࡇ࡜࡟ࡼࡗ࡚ࡇࢀࢆ㝖ཤࡍࡿࠋࡇࡢࡓࡵࠊὙ
ίᾮ୰࡟㝖ཤࡉࢀࡓ㔠ᒓࡢ෌௜╔ࡀ㉳ࡇࡽࡎ࡟ࠊ109 ཎᏊ/cm2 ࣮࢜ࢲ࣮௨ୗ࡟ࡲ࡛㔠ᒓởᰁࢆ㝖ཤ࡛ࡁࠊ
ࡉࡽ࡟Ὑίᾮࡢ཯᚟౑⏝ࡀྍ⬟࡛࠶ࡿࠋࡇࡢὙίᾮࡢ㔠ᒓởᰁ㝖ཤ⬟ຊࡣ㠀ᖖ࡟኱ࡁࡃࠊᚑ᮶ࡢ༙ᑟయ
Ὑίᾮࡢ⃰ᗘࡀ 5%⛬ᗘ࡛࠶ࡿࡇ࡜࡟ᑐࡋ࡚ࠊ0.2%௨ୗࡢ⃰ᗘ࡛༑ศ࡞Ὑί⬟ຊࢆ᭷ࡍࡿࠋࡉࡽ࡟ࠊᚑ
᮶ࡢ༙ᑟయὙίᾮࡀ 50㹼80°C ࡛౑⏝ࡍࡿᚲせࡀ࠶ࡗࡓࡢ࡟ᑐࡋ࡚ࠊᐊ ࡛౑⏝࡛ࡁࡿࠋࡑࡢୖࠊࡇࡢ
༙ᑟయὙίᾮࡣ༙ᑟయ୰ࡢḞ㝗‽఩㸦ࢩࣜࢥࣥࢲࣥࢢࣜࣥࢢ࣎ࣥࢻ࡞࡝㸧ࢆᾘ⁛ࡍࡿ⬟ຊࢆ᭷ࡋ࡚࠾ࡾࠊ
LSIࠊTFTࠊኴ㝧㟁ụ➼ࡢ༙ᑟయࢹࣂ࢖ࢫࡢ≉ᛶࢆྥୖࡍࡿࡇ࡜ࡀ࡛ࡁࡿࠋࡋ࠿ࡋࠊࡇࡢ཯ᛂᶵᵓ࡟࠾
࠸࡚ࠊ⾲㠃࡟྾╔ࡋࡓ㔠ᒓ✀࡜Ὑί㏿ᗘ࡟ࡘ࠸࡚ࡣࠊࡲࡔࡼࡃศ࠿ࡗ࡚࠾ࡽࡎࠊࡇࡢ཯ᛂᶵᵓࡢゎ᫂ࢆ
⾜ࡗࡓࠋ
1×1013 atoms/cm2 ࡢ Cu ࡛ᙉไởᰁࡋࡓ SiO2 ⾲㠃ࢆ 3ppm ࡢࢩ࢔ࣥ໬Ỉ⣲Ỉ⁐ᾮ࡛Ὑίࡋࡓ࡜ࡇࢁࠊ
3×109 atoms/cm2 ௨ୗࡲ࡛ࠊ2 ศ௨ෆ࡟㝖ཤ࡛ࡁࡿࡇ࡜ࡀศ࠿ࡗࡓࠋCu ࡢ㝖ཤࡣࠊ཯ᛂ㏿ᗘࡢ኱ࡁ࠸཯
ᛂ࡜ࡑࡢᚋࡢ㐜࠸཯ᛂࡢ㸰ࡘࡀ࠶ࡿࡇ࡜ࡀศ࠿ࡗࡓࠋࡑࡇ࡛ࠊX ⥺ᅇᢡᚤ⣽ᴘศᯒ࠾ࡼࡧ඲཯ᑕ⺯ග X
⥺ศᯒࢆ⏝࠸ࡿࡇ࡜࡟ࡼࡾࠊࢩ࢔ࣥ໬ἲ㐺⏝๓ᚋࡢ Cu ࡢ໬Ꮫ✀ࡢྠᐃࢆ⾜ࡗࡓࠋCu ởᰁ≀ࡣࠊCu+
(Cu2O-like species)࡜ Cu2+✀(Cu(OH)2-like species)࠿ࡽ࡞ࡾࠊCu2+✀ࡀࡼࡾ᭱⾲㠃ഃ࡟࠶ࡿࡇ࡜ࡀศ࠿ࡗ
ࡓࠋ
࣭1.8 nm ࡢ◪㓟㓟໬⭷࡜ 40 nm ࡢ CVD SiO2 ⭷ࡢ✚ᒙᆺࢤ࣮ࢺ⤯⦕⭷ࢆࡶࡘ㉸పᾘ㈝㟁ຊⷧ⭷ࢺࣛࣥ
ࢪࢫࢱࢆ฼⏝ࡋࡓ㉸పᾘ㈝㟁ຊᆺᾮᬗࢹ࢕ࢫࣉࣞ࢖ࡢ๰〇
ᦠᖏ㉸㟁Ꮚᶵჾ࡟⏝࠸ࡽࢀࡿࢩࢫࢸ࣒ᾮᬗࢹ࢕ࢫࣉࣞ࢖࡛ࡣࠊపᾘ㈝㟁ຊ໬ࡀ㔜せ࡞ㄢ㢟࡛࠶ࡿࠋࡑ
ࡇ࡛ࠊSi/◪㓟㓟໬(NAOS)-SiO2/໬ᏛẼ┦ᡂ㛗(CVD)-SiO2 ᵓ㐀ࡢ✚ᒙᆺࢤ࣮ࢺ㓟໬⭷ࢆ฼⏝ࡋ࡚ࠊࢤ࣮
ࢺ࣮ࣜࢡ㟁ὶࢆᢚไࡋࡘࡘࠊࢤ࣮ࢺ⤯⦕⭷ࢆ 80 nm ࠿ࡽ 40 nm ࡟ⷧ⭷໬ࡋࠊప㟁ᅽ㥑ື TFT ࡢ㛤Ⓨࢆ
㐍ࡵ࡚ࡁࡓࠋࡑࡇ࡛ࠊࡇࡢ TFT ࢆ⏝࠸࡚ࠊᐇ㝿࡟ࢹࣂ࢖ࢫࢆ
స〇ࡋࠊࡑࡢຠᯝࢆ᳨ドࡋࡓࠋ
ࡲࡎࡣࠊ◪㓟㓟໬ἲ࡟ࡼࡗ࡚ᙧᡂࡋࡓ✚ᒙᆺࢤ࣮ࢺ㓟໬⭷ࢆ
ࡶࡘᦠᖏ⏝ࢩࢫࢸ࣒ᾮᬗࢹ࢕ࢫࣉࣞ࢖ࢆヨసࡋࠊᾘ㈝㟁ຊࡢホ
౯ࢆ⾜ࡗࡓࠋᚑ᮶ࡣࠊ⣙ 80 nm ࡢ CVD-SiO2 ࢤ࣮ࢺ㓟໬⭷ࢆ
⏝࠸ࠊ12 V ࡛ᾮᬗࢹ࢕ࢫࣉࣞ࢖ࢆ㥑ືࡋ࡚࠸ࡓࠋࡇࢀ࡟ᑐࡋࠊ
ᮏ◊✲࡛ࡣࠊࢤ࣮ࢺ㓟໬⭷࡟ 1.8 nm ࡢ◪㓟㓟໬⭷࡜ 40 nm ࡢ
CVD-SiO2 ⭷ࡢ✚ᒙᆺࢤ࣮ࢺ㓟໬⭷࡜㣬࿴㟁ᅽࡀ~1.6 V ࡢప
㟁ᅽ㥑ື࡛ࡁࡿ TN ᾮᬗࢆ⏝࠸ࡿࡇ࡜࡟ࡼࡾࠊ2.0 ᆺ㏱㐣ᆺࢩ
ࢫࢸ࣒ᾮᬗࢹ࢕ࢫࣉࣞ࢖ࢆ 3 V ࡛㥑ືࡉࡏࡿࡇ࡜࡟ᡂຌࡋࡓࠋ
ࡇࢀ࡟ࡼࡾࠊᾘ㈝㟁ຊࢆ⣙ 1/16 ࡟పῶ࡛ࡁࡓࠋ
ࡉࡽ࡟ࠊ37 ẁࡢࣜࣥࢢ࢜ࢩ࣮ࣞࢱࢆ㥑ື㟁ᅽࡀ 3 V ࡢ᫬࡟
3.45MHz ࡛㥑ື࡛ࡁࡿࡇ࡜ࡶ☜ㄆࡋࡓࠋࡇࡢࣜࣥࢢ࢜ࢩ࣮ࣞ
ࢱࡣࠊ1.5 V ࡛ࡶ㥑ື࡛ࡁࠊヨసࡋࡓ TFT ࡣࠊ㉸పᾘ㈝㟁ຊࢹ
Figure 2 NAOS-SiO2/CVD-SiO2 ✚ᒙ
ࣂ࢖ࢫࢆ㥑ືࡍࡿࡇ࡜ࡀ࡛ࡁࡿᛶ⬟ࢆࡶࡗ࡚࠸ࡿࡇ࡜ࡶド᫂
ᆺࢤ࣮ࢺ⤯⦕⭷ࢆᣢࡘⷧ⭷ࢺࣛࣥࢪࢫ
࡛ࡁࡓࠋ
ࢱࢆ⏝࠸ࡓ㉸పᾘ㈝㟁ຊᆺᾮᬗࢹ࢕ࢫ
ࣉࣞ࢖
― 54 ―
㔠ᒓᮦᩱࣉࣟࢭࢫ◊✲ศ㔝
ᩍᤵ
෸ᩍᤵ
ຓᩍ
◊✲ᨭ᥼᥎㐍ဨ
኱Ꮫ㝔Ꮫ⏕
஦ົ⿵బဨ
୰ᔱ ⱥ㞝
ከ᰿ ṇ࿴
௰ᮧ 㱟௓ࠊ஭ᡭ ᣅဢ
୰ᒃ ⏤ᛅ
Ᏽ ᴿ᥮㸪㧗 ᴗ㣕㸪㉿ ᩫ
⏣୰ ᗣኴ㸪ᖖ῝ ᫛ᐶ, ⧊⏣ ឡ㸪ᡞ⏣ 㐩ஓ㸪᳃⏣ ᫀ࿃
ᯇᮏ ⪽Ꮚ
a) ᴫせ
㔠ᒓᮦᩱࡣᵓ㐀ᮦᩱࡸᶵ⬟ᮦᩱࡢᇶᖿᮦᩱ࡜ࡋ࡚ᡃࠎࡢ⏕ά࡟୙ྍḞ࡞ࡶࡢ࡛࠶ࡾࠊ᪂ࡓ࡞㟂せ࠾ࡼ
ࡧᢏ⾡㠉᪂࡟ྥࡅ࡚ࡉࡽ࡞ࡿ⪏⇕ᙉ㠎ᛶࠊ㍍㔞໬ࠊ㧗ᶵ⬟໬ࠊ㛗ᑑ࿨໬࡞࡝ࡀせồࡉࢀ࡚ࡁ࡚࠸ࡿࠋࡇ
ࡢ㔠ᒓᮦᩱࢆඃࢀࡓᵓ㐀ᮦᩱࠊᶵ⬟ᛶᮦᩱ࡜ࡋ࡚㛤Ⓨࡍࡿࡇ࡜ࢆ┠ⓗ࡜ࡋࡓ㔠ᒓᮦᩱࣉࣟࢭࢫࡢ᪂ࡋ࠸
ᒎ㛤ࢆࡵࡊࡍࡇ࡜ࡀᮏ◊✲ศ㔝ࡢ୺࡞ࢸ࣮࣐࡛࠶ࡿࠋࡇࢀࡲ࡛ࡣࠊᵓ㐀ᮦᩱࠊᶵ⬟ᮦᩱࢆၥࢃࡎࠊྜ㔠
ඖ⣲ࡢῧຍࠊ⤖ᬗ⢏ᚤ⣽໬ࠊ⇕ฎ⌮࡞࡝࡟ࡼࡗ࡚⤌⧊ࡸ⤖ᬗᵓ㐀ࢆไᚚࡋࠊᙉᗘࢆࡣࡌࡵ࡜ࡍࡿ✀ࠎࡢ
ᮦᩱ≉ᛶࢆྥୖࡉࡏࡿࡇ࡜࡟୺せ࡞ຊⅬࡀ⨨࠿ࢀ࡚࠸ࡓࠋࡇࡢࡼ࠺࡞ほⅬ࡜ࡣู࡟ࠊᮏ◊✲ศ㔝࡛ࡣࠊ
ᚑ᮶࡯࡜ࢇ࡝ὀ┠ࡉࢀ࡚࠸࡞࠿ࡗࡓ㗪㐀Ḟ㝗࡜ぢ࡞ࡉࢀ࡚࠸ࡓẼᏍࢆᮦᩱ≉ᛶࡢྥୖ࡟฼⏝ࡍࡿヨࡳ
ࢆ⾜ࡗ࡚࠸ࡿࠋලయⓗ࡟ࡣࠊ⼥యࡢจᅛไᚚἲࡸ᱁ᏊḞ㝗ไᚚἲࢆ㥑౑ࡋ࡚ࠊྜ㔠ࠊ㔠ᒓ㛫໬ྜ≀ࠊ༙
ᑟయࠊࢭ࣑ࣛࢵࢡࢫ࡞࡝ࡢඛ➃ᶵ⬟ᛶᮦᩱࢆ๰〇ࡋࠊࡑࢀࡽࡢᮦᩱ࡟㛵ࡍࡿ᪂つ≀ᛶࡢ᥈⣴࡜Ⓨ⌧ᶵᵓ
ࡢゎ᫂ࢆ⾜࠺࡜ඹ࡟ࠊᛂ⏝〇ရ໬ࡢᐇ⌧ࢆ┠ᣦࡋ࡚࠸ࡿࠋ
ᮏ◊✲ศ㔝࡛ࡣࠊ᪉ྥᛶẼᏍࢆከᩘ᭷ࡍࡿ࣮ࣟࢱࢫ㸦ࣞࣥࢥࣥ㸧ᆺ࣏࣮ࣛࢫ㔠ᒓ࡟㛵ࡍࡿ◊✲㛤Ⓨࢆ
⾜ࡗ࡚࠸ࡿࠋᮏᖺᗘࡣࠊỈ⣲࢞ࢫࢆ⏝࠸ࡿࡇ࡜࡞ࡃ࣮ࣟࢱࢫ㔠ᒓࢆ㔞⏘ࡍࡿࡓࡵࡢ〇ἲࢆ㛤Ⓨࡋࡓࠋࢱ
ࣥࢹ࢕ࢵࢩࣗ(⁐‫‮‬㔠ᒓಖᣢ⅔)ࢆ⁐ゎ⅔ୗ㒊࡟タ⨨ࡋࡓ㐃⥆㗪㐀⿦⨨ࢆ㛤Ⓨࡋࠊࢱࣥࢹ࢕ࢵࢩࣗ࡟⁐⼥
㔠ᒓ࠾ࡼࡧ࢞ࢫࢆྵࡴ໬ྜ≀ࢆ㐃⥆ⓗ࡟ῧຍࡋࡓࠋỈ⣲ࢆ⁐ゎࡉࡏࡓ⁐⼥㔠ᒓࢆ୍᪉ྥจᅛࡉࡏࡿࡇ࡜
࡛࣮ࣟࢱࢫ㔠ᒓࡀస〇࡛ࡁࡿࠋࡲࡓࠊඃࢀࡓ⾪ᧁ྾཰≉ᛶࢆ♧ࡍ࣮ࣟࢱࢫ㔠ᒓࢆ㛤Ⓨࡍࡿࡇ࡜ࢆ┠ⓗ࡜
ࡋ࡚ࠊࣉࣛࢺ࣮㡿ᇦࡢⓎ⌧࣓࢝ࢽࢬ࣒ࢆᐊ ࠾ࡼࡧప ୗ࡛ࡢ࣍ࣉ࢟ࣥࢯࣥࣉࣞࢵࢩ࣮ࣕࣂ࣮ἲࢆ⏝࠸
ࡓ㧗ࡦࡎࡳ㏿ᗘ࡛ࡢᅽ⦰ヨ㦂࡟ࡼࡾ᫂ࡽ࠿࡟ࡋࡓࠋ
᪂つࢼࣀ࣏࣮ࣛࢫ࣐ࢸࣜ࢔ࣝࡢᥦ᱌࡜ᙧᡂཎ⌮ࡢ☜❧ࢆ┠ᣦࡋࡓ◊✲ࡶᒎ㛤ࡋ࡚࠸ࡿࠋᮏᖺᗘࡣ㸪࢔
ࣔࣝࣇ࢓ࢫ࡜⤖ᬗ㛫࡟Ꮡᅾࡍࡿ኱ࡁ࡞ᐦᗘᕪ࡟㉳ᅉࡍࡿࢼࣀ࣎࢖ࢻࡢᙧᡂ㐣⛬࡟㛵ࡍࡿᇶ♏◊✲ࢆᐇ
᪋ࡋࡓ㸬㏱㐣ᆺ㟁Ꮚ㢧ᚤ㙾ࢆ⏝࠸࡚ࠊ࢔ࣔࣝࣇ࢓ࢫ Ta2O5 ࠾ࡼࡧ Nb2O5 ࡢ⤖ᬗ໬࡟క࠺ࢼࣀ࣎࢖ࢻࡢᙧ
ᡂᣲືࢆㄪ࡭ࠊ⮬ᕫ⤌⧊໬࡟ࡼࡿ㓄ྥᛶ࣎࢖ࢻࡢᙧᡂᣲືࢆゎ᫂ࡋࡓࠋ
b) ᡂᯝ
ᮏ◊✲࡛ࡣࠊࢼࣀ࠿ࡽ࣐ࢡࣟࢧ࢖ࢬࡲ࡛ࡢẼᏍࡢᙧែࢆไᚚࡋࡓ࣏࣮ࣛࢫᮦᩱࡢ㛤Ⓨ࠾ࡼࡧ〇㐀᪉ἲ
ࡢ☜❧࡜ࠊ࣏࣮ࣛࢫᮦᩱࡢ≉␗࡞≀ᛶࡢ᥈⣴࠾ࡼࡧࡑࡢⓎ⌧ᶵᵓࡢゎ᫂ࢆ୺ࡓࡿ┠ⓗ࡜ࡋ࡚࠸ࡿࠋᮏᖺ
ᗘࡣ (1)࢞ࢫ໬ྜ≀⇕ศゎἲࢆ⏝࠸ࡓ㐃⥆㗪㐀ἲ࡟ࡼࡿ࣮ࣟࢱࢫ㔠ᒓࡢ〇ἲࡢ㛤Ⓨࠊ(2)࣮ࣟࢱࢫᆺ࣏࣮
ࣛࢫ㔠ᒓࡢ⾪ᧁ࢚ࢿࣝࢠ࣮྾཰≉ᛶࡢゎ᫂࠾ࡼࡧ(3)࢔ࣔࣝࣇ࢓ࢫ㓟໬≀ⷧ⭷ࡢ⤖ᬗ໬࡟ࡼࡿࢼࣀ࣏࣮
ࣛࢫ໬ᣲືࡢゎ᫂ࢆ┠ᣦࡋࡓ◊✲ࢆ⾜ࡗࡓࡢ࡛ࡇࢀࡽࡢ◊✲ᡂᯝࢆሗ࿌ࡍࡿࠋ
࣭࢞ࢫ໬ྜ≀⇕ศゎἲࢆ㐺⏝ࡋࡓ㐃⥆㗪㐀ἲࡢ☜❧࡜࣮ࣟࢱࢫ㖡ࡢస〇
࣮ࣟࢱࢫ㔠ᒓࢆᐇ⏝໬ࡍࡿࡓࡵ࡟ࡣࠊỈ⣲࢞ࢫࢆ⏝࠸ࡿࡇ࡜࡞ࡃࠊᏳ඲࡛Ᏻ౯࡟࣮ࣟࢱࢫ㔠ᒓࢆస〇
ࡋ࡞ࡅࢀࡤ࡞ࡽ࡞࠸ࠋࡑࡇ࡛ᮏᖺᗘࡣࠊỈ⣲໬ࢳࢱࣥ(TiH2)➼ࡢ࢞ࢫ໬ྜ≀ࢆ⏝࠸࡚ࠊ࣮ࣟࢱࢫ㔠ᒓࡀ
స〇࡛ࡁࡿ࢞ࢫ໬ྜ≀⇕ศゎἲࢆ㐃⥆㗪㐀ἲ࡟㐺⏝ࡋࠊ࣮ࣟࢱࢫ㔠ᒓࡢ㔞⏘໬ࣉࣟࢭࢫࡢ☜❧ࢆヨࡳࡓࠋ
㔠ᒓ⁐‫‮‬㐃⥆౪⤥ᶵᵓࠊ࢞ࢫ໬ྜ≀㐃⥆ῧຍᶵᵓ࠾ࡼࡧ㐃⥆ᘬฟᶵᵓ࠿ࡽ࡞ࡿ㐃⥆㗪㐀⿦⨨ࢆ㛤Ⓨࡋ
ࡓࠋୖ᪉ࢳࣕࣥࣂ࣮ෆ㔠ᒓ⁐‫‮‬㐃⥆౪⤥ᶵᵓ࡟タ⨨ࡋࡓእ࠾ࡼࡧෆࡿࡘࡰ࠿ࡽ࡞ࡿ஧㔜ᵓ㐀ࡢ⁐ゎࣝ
ࢶ࣎ෆ࡛㧗࿘Ἴຍ⇕࡟ࡼࡾ㖡ࢆ⁐ゎࡋࡓࠋࡑࡢᚋ㸪ᢲࡋ㎸ࡳᲬࢆ⁐⼥㖡࡟ᢲࡋ㎸ࡳ㸪ෆࣝࢶ࣎࠿ࡽ⁐⼥
㔠ᒓࢆ⁄ࢀࡉࡏࡿࡇ࡜࡛ࢱࣥࢹ࢕ࢵࢩࣗ཯ᛂ⅔࡟⁐⼥㖡ࢆ౪⤥ࡋࡓࠋࡇࡢ᫬ࡢ⁐⼥㖡ࡢ౪⤥㔞ࡣᢲࡋ
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Nominal stress, V(MPa)
Nominal stress, V(MPa)
㎸ࡳᲬࡢ᩿㠃✚࠾ࡼࡧᢲࡋ㎸ࡳ㏿ᗘ࡛ไᚚࡋࡓࠋࡲࡓࠊ
ୗ᪉ࢳࣕࣥࣂ࣮࢞ࢫ໬ྜ≀㐃⥆ῧຍᶵᵓ࠾ࡼࡧ㐃⥆ᘬ
ฟᶵᵓ࡟ࢱࣥࢹ࢕ࢵࢩࣗࢆタࡅ⁐⼥㔠ᒓ࠾ࡼࡧ࢞ࢫ໬
ྜ≀ࢆࢱࣥࢹ࢕ࢵࢩࣗ࡟㐃⥆ⓗ࡟୍ᐃ㔞ῧຍࡍࡿࡇ࡜࡛㸪
ࢱࣥࢹ࢕ࢵࢩࣗෆࡢ⁐⼥㖡ࡢ࢞ࢫ⃰ᗘࢆไᚚࡋࡓࠋᮏ◊
✲࡛ࡣࠊࢱࣥࢹ࢕ࢵࢩࣗෆࡢ⁐⼥㖡ࢆ 230 g ୍ᐃ࡜ࡋࠊ
0.2 g ࡢ TiH2 ࢆ 80 s ẖ࡟ῧຍࡋࡓࠋࡉࡽ࡟ࠊࢱࣥࢹ࢕ࢵ
ࢩ࡛ࣗ࢞ࢫ໬ྜ≀࡜཯ᛂࡉࡏࡓ⁐⼥㔠ᒓࢆ 60 mm/min ࡢ
10mm
୍ᐃ㏿ᗘ୍࡛᪉ྥ࡟ᘬࡁฟࡋࠊ୍᪉ྥจᅛࡉࡏࡓࠋ
ᅗ 1 230 g ࡢ⁐⼥㖡࡟ 0.2 g ࡢ TiH2 ࢆ 80s ẖ࡟ῧຍ
ᅗ 1 ࡟୍᪉ྥจᅛᚋࡢ㖡㗪ሢࡢᘬฟ᪉ྥ࡟ᖹ⾜࠾ࡼࡧ
ࡋࡘࡘࠊ60mm/min ࡢᘬฟ㏿ᗘ୍࡛᪉ྥจᅛ
ᆶ┤࡞᩿㠃ࢆ♧ࡍࠋจᅛ᪉ྥ࡟ᖹ⾜࡟㓄ิࡋࡓ෇ᰕ≧ࡢ
ࡉࡏࡓ㗪ሢࡢ᩿㠃ࠋ
ẼᏍࡀほᐹࡉࢀࡿࠋࡲࡓࠊヨᩱ୰ᚰ㒊࡟⢒኱࡞ẼᏍࡀほ
ᐹࡉࢀࡿࡀࠊẼᏍᙧែࡣࠊ㗪ሢ඲య࡛ẚ㍑ⓗᆒ୍࡛࠶ࡗ
ࡓࠋẼᏍᚄ࠾ࡼࡧẼᏍ⋡ࡣࡑࢀࡒࢀ 825s580 —m ࠾ࡼࡧ
41s3%࡛࠶ࡿࠋỈ⣲໬ࢳࢱࣥࢆ㐃⥆ⓗ࡟ῧຍࡋࡓ⁐⼥㖡ࢆ୍ᐃ㏿ᗘ୍࡛᪉ྥจᅛࡉࡏࡿࡇ࡜࡛ࠊẚ㍑ⓗ
ᆒ୍࡞ẼᏍᙧែࢆ᭷ࡍࡿ㛗ᑻ࡞࣮ࣟࢱࢫ㖡ࡀస〇࡛ࡁࡿࠋ
࣭࣮ࣟࢱࢫᆺ࣏࣮ࣛࢫⅣ⣲㗰ࡢ㧗ࡦࡎࡳ㏿ᗘᅽ⦰ୗ࡛ࡢࣉࣛࢺ࣮㡿ᇦࡢⓎ⌧࣓࢝ࢽࢬ࣒ࡢゎ᫂
୍᪉ྥᛶẼᏍࢆ᭷ࡍࡿ࣮ࣟࢱࢫᆺ࣏࣮ࣛࢫⅣ⣲㗰 (S15CK) ࡢ㧗ࡦࡎࡳ㏿ᗘ࡛ࡢᅽ⦰ኚᙧᣲືࢆ࣍ࣉ
࢟ࣥࢯࣥࣉࣞࢵࢩ࣮ࣕࣂ࣮ἲࢆ⏝࠸ࡓᅽ⦰ヨ㦂࡟ࡼࡾㄪ࡭ࡓࠋᅗ 2 ࡟ẼᏍ࡟ᖹ⾜࠾ࡼࡧᆶ┤࡞᪉ྥࡢ(a)
ᐊ ̿㧗ࡦࡎࡳ㏿ᗘ࠾ࡼࡧ(b)ప ̿㧗ࡦࡎࡳ㏿ (a)
(b)
ᗘ࡛ࡢᅽ⦰ᛂຊ-ࡦࡎࡳ᭤⥺ࢆ♧ࡍࠋ㌿఩ࡢ⛣ື
1400 Dynamin at 298 K
1400 Dynamic at 77 K
Compression//pore
Compression//pore
Compression䎹pore
Compression䎹pore
ᗘࡀ㧗࠸ᐊ (298 K)ୗ࡛ࡣ㌿఩ࡢ㞟✚࡟㉳ᅉࡍ
1200
1200
ࡿᘏᛶⓗ࡞ࢡࣛࢵࢡࡢⓎ⏕࡟ࡼࡗ࡚ኚᙧࡀ㐍⾜
1000
1000
800
800
ࡍࡿࡓࡵࠊẼᏍ᪉ྥ࡟㛵ಀࡏࡎ࡟ຍᕤ◳໬࡟ࡼ
600
600
ࡿ㐃⥆ⓗ࡞ᛂຊቑຍࡀ㉳ࡇࡗ࡚ࣉࣛࢺ࣮㡿ᇦࡀ
400
400
Ⓨ⌧ࡋ࡞࠸ࠋࡇࢀ࡟ᑐࡋ࡚ࠊప (77 K)̿㧗ࡦࡎ
200
200
ࡳ㏿ᗘୗ࡛ࡢᅽ⦰ኚᙧ࡟࠾࠸࡚ࡣࠊẼᏍ᪉ྥࡀ
0
0
ᅽ⦰᪉ྥ࡜ᖹ⾜࡛࠶ࡿヨᩱࡢࡳࠊ㌿఩ࡢ㞟✚ࡀ
0
20
40
60
0
20
40
60
せồࡉࢀ࡞࠸⬤ᛶⓗ࡞ࢡࣛࢵࢡࡢⓎ⏕࡜ᅽ⦰᪉
Nominal strain, H (%)
Nominal strain, H (%)
ྥ࡜ᖹ⾜࡞᪉ྥ࡟ఙࡧࡓẼᏍ࡟ࡼࡗ࡚ࢡࣛࢵࢡ ᅗ 2 ࣮ࣟࢱࢫᆺ࣏࣮ࣛࢫⅣ⣲㗰ࡢẼᏍ࡟ᖹ⾜࠾ࡼࡧᆶ┤࡞᪉ྥ࡛
ࡢఏ᧛ࡀᢚไࡉࢀࡿࡇ࡜࡛ࠊࣉࣛࢺ࣮㡿ᇦࡀⓎ ࡢ㧗ࡦࡎࡳ㏿ᗘ࡛ࡢᅽ⦰ኚᙧᣲືࠋ(a)ᐊ ̿㧗ࡦࡎࡳ㏿ᗘࠊ(b)ప ̿㧗ࡦࡎࡳ㏿ᗘࠋ
⏕ࡍࡿࡇ࡜ࡀ᫂ࡽ࠿࡟࡞ࡗࡓࠋ
࣭࢔ࣔࣝࣇ࢓ࢫࡢ⤖ᬗ໬࡟ࡼࡿ㓄ྥᛶࢼࣀ࣏࣮ࣛࢫ㓟໬≀ࡢᙧᡂ
ࢫࣃࢵࢱࣜࣥࢢἲ࡛స〇ࡋࡓ࢔ࣔࣝࣇ࢓ࢫ Ta2O5 ࠾ࡼࡧ Nb2O5 ⷧ⭷ࢆ኱Ẽ୰࡛ຍ⇕ࡍࡿ࡜ࠊ⤖ᬗ໬๓
ࡢ࢔ࣔࣝࣇ࢓ࢫᵓ㐀ࢆ⥔ᣢࡋࡓࡲࡲࠊ3 nm ⛬ᗘࡢ㧗ᐦᗘࡢ⌫≧࣎࢖ࢻࡀᙧᡂࡉࢀࡓࠋࡉࡽ࡟㧗 ࡛⤖ᬗ
໬ࡉࡏࡿ࡜ࠊ⮬ᕫ⤌⧊໬࡟ࡼࡿ㓄ྥᛶࢼࣀ࣎࢖
ࢻࡢᡂ㛗ࡀほᐹࡉࢀࡓࠋ
ᅗ 3 ࡟⤖ᬗ໬ᚋࡢ(a)Ta2O5 ࠾ࡼࡧ(b)Nb2O5 ࡢ
TEM ീࢆ♧ࡍࠋ୧⪅࡟ඹ㏻ࡍࡿ࣎࢖ࢻࡢ≉ᚩࡣࠊ
≉ᐃࡢ᪉ྥ࡟㓄ྥࡋఙ㛗ࡍࡿⅬ࡛࠶ࡿ㸬Ta2O5
࠾ࡼࡧ Nb2O5 ⤖ᬗࡣᩳ᪉ᬗᵓ㐀ࢆ࡜ࡾࠊ୧⪅࡜
ࡶࠊa ࠾ࡼࡧ c ㍈࡟ᑐࡋ࡚ b ㍈ࡀᩘಸ㛗ࡃࠊᙉ
࠸⤖ᬗ␗᪉ᛶࢆ♧ࡍࠋ࣎࢖ࢻࡢ㓄ྥ໬࡜⤖ᬗ␗
᪉ᛶ࡜ࡢ㛵ಀࢆ᫂ࡽ࠿࡟ࡍࡿࡓࡵ࡟ࠊ⤖ᬗ᪉఩
ゎᯒࢆ⾜ࡗࡓ࡜ࡇࢁࠊ࣎࢖ࢻఙ㛗᪉ྥࡣ a ㍈᪉
ᅗ 3 ࢔ࣔࣝࣇ࢓ࢫ Ta2O5(a)࠾ࡼࡧ Nb2O5(b)ࢆࡑࢀࡒࢀ 1023 K ࠾ࡼ
ྥ࡛࠶ࡾࠊ㛗㍈ࡢ b ㍈࡜ࡣᆶ┤㛵ಀ࡟࠶ࡿࡇ࡜
ࡧ 923 K ࡛ 1hr ຍ⇕ࡋ⤖ᬗ໬ࡉࡏࡓᚋࡢ TEM ീ㸬
ࡀ᫂ࡽ࠿࡜࡞ࡾࠊ␗᪉ⓗ࡞⤖ᬗᵓ㐀࡜࣎࢖ࢻࡢ
㓄ྥ໬࡟┦㛵ࡀ࠶ࡿࡇ࡜ࡀࢃ࠿ࡗࡓࠋ
― 56 ―
ඛ➃ᐇ⿦ᮦᩱ◊✲ศ㔝
ᩍᤵ
Ⳣ἟ ඞ᫛
ຓᩍ
஭ୖ 㞞༤ࠊ⬟ᮌ 㞞ஓ㸦ᖹᡂ 23 ᖺ 11 ᭶ 30 ᪥ࡲ࡛㸧
≉௵ຓᩍ
Ⳣཎ ᚭ㸦ᖹᡂ 23 ᖺ 12 ᭶ 16 ᪥᥇⏝㸧
༤ኈ◊✲ဨ
㓇 㔠፱
ᢏ⾡⿵బဨ ⏿ᮧ ┿⌮Ꮚࠊຍ㈡⨾ ᐀Ꮚࠊ℈ᓮ ᜤᏊ
኱Ꮫ㝔Ꮫ⏕
Ḉ஭ ᆒࠊ㔠 ᫀᐓࠊ⳺⏣ ኟᶞࠊᚨ㔝 ๛኱ࠊᆏඖ ๰୍ࠊᮔ ⪷※ࠊ㉿ ீ᮶ࠊ
Ỉཱྀ ⏤⣖Ꮚࠊᅜ᐀ ဴᖹࠊⲨᮌ ᚭᖹࠊ㔠 Ọ㘏ࠊ஝ ဴ἞
஦ົ⿵బဨ
ᯇୗ ⨾బࠊబ⸨ ెୡ
a) ᴫせ
ᙜ◊✲ᐊ࡛ࡣࠊࢼࣀࢸࢡࣀࣟࢪ࣮࡜࢚ࣞࢡࢺࣟࢽࢡࢫࡢ᥋Ⅼࡣᐇ⿦࡟࠶ࡿ࡜ᥦ᱌ࡋࠊ᪂ࡓ࡞ᢏ⾡ศ㔝
ࡢ㛤ᣅࢆୡ⏺࡟ඛ㥑ࡅ࡚㐍ࡵ࡚ࡁࡲࡋࡓࠋ᪂ࡓ࡞ᐇ⿦ᢏ⾡ࢆ㛤Ⓨࡍࡿࡓࡵ࡟ࠊ༳ๅᢏ⾡ࢆ⏝࠸ࡓࢹࣂ࢖
ࢫ⏝ᑟ㟁ᛶ㓄⥺ࡢ㛤Ⓨࡸḟୡ௦᥋ྜᮦᩱࡢ㛤Ⓨࠊᐇ⿦ᮦᩱࡢಙ㢗ᛶホ౯➼ࢆ⢭ຊⓗ࡟㐍ࡵ࡚࠸ࡲࡍࠋ
b) ᡂᯝ
࣭7 ಸఙࡤࡋ࡚ࡶᑟ㏻ࡍࡿఙ⦰ᛶᑟయࡢ㛤Ⓨ
㟁Ꮚࢹࣂ࢖ࢫࡢ኱ࡁࡉࢆᑠࡉࡃࡍࡿࡓࡵ࡟ࠊྛ✀㒊ရࢆࢥࣥࣃࢡࢺ࡟ᐇ⿦ࡍࡿᢏ⾡ࡣ㔜せ࡛࠶ࡿࠋࡑ
ࡇ࡛ࠊࣉࣛࢫࢳࢵࢡࣇ࢕࣒ࣝࢆ⏝࠸ࡓࣇࣞ࢟ࢩࣈࣝᇶᯈ࡞࡝ࡀ㛤Ⓨࡉࢀ࡚࠸ࡿࠋࡋ࠿ࡋࠊࡼࡾࢥࣥࣃࢡ
ࢺ࡟ᐇ⿦ࡍࡿࡓࡵ࡟ࡣࠊఙ⦰ᛶࡢᑟయࡸᇶᯈࡀồࡵࡽࢀ࡚࠸ࡿࠋࡑࡇ࡛⚾ࡓࡕࡣࠊ㖟ࣇ࣮ࣞࢡ࡜࣏ࣜ࢘
ࣞࢱࣥᶞ⬡ࢆ」ྜ໬ࡋࡓఙ⦰ᛶᑟయࢆ㛤Ⓨࡋࡓࠋࡇࡢᮦᩱࡣࠊ7 ಸఙࡤࡋ࡚ࡶ㧗࠸ᑟ㟁ᛶࢆಖᣢࡍࡿ㸦ᅗ
1㸧ࠋ
ᅗ㸯 ಸఙࡤࡋ࡚ࡶᑟ㏻ࡍࡿఙ⦰ᛶᑟయ
࣭㧗ᑟ㟁ᛶ࢖ࣥࢡࢪ࢙ࢵࢺ༳ๅ㓄⥺ࡢ㛤Ⓨ
༳ๅᢏ⾡࡟ࡼࡗ࡚ࢹࣂ࢖ࢫసᡂࡍࡿࡓࡵ࡟ࡣࠊ㧗ᑟ㟁ᛶ࡞㓄⥺༳ๅๅᢏ⾡ࡢ㛤Ⓨࡀ࣮࢟ࢸࢡࣀࣟࢪ࣮
࡜࡞ࡿࠋ࡞࠿࡛ࡶ࢖ࣥࢡࢪ࢙ࢵࢺ༳ๅࡣࠊ࣐ࢫࢡࣞࢫ࣭ࣀࣥࢥࣥࢱࢡࢺ༳ๅྍ⬟࡛࠶ࡿࡓࡵࠊḟୡ௦ࢹ
ࣂ࢖ࢫᐇ⿦ᢏ⾡࡟࠾࠸࡚㠀ᖖ࡟㔜せ࡞༳ๅᡭἲ࡛࠶ࡿࠋࡋ࠿ࡋࠊ࢖ࣥࢡࢪ࢙ࢵࢺ༳ๅ࡟౑⏝ࡍࡿ㔠ᒓࢼ
ࣀ⢏Ꮚ࢖ࣥࢡࡣ⢓ᗘࡀప࠸ࡓࡵࠊ㓄⥺ࡀⁱࡴࠊ⣽⥺࡛ࡣ᢬ᢠ⋡ࡀ኱ࡁࡃ࡞ࡿ࡜࠸ࡗࡓㄢ㢟ࡀ࠶ࡗࡓࠋࡑ
ࡇ࡛⚾ࡓࡕࡣࠊᑟ㟁ᛶ࢖ࣥࢡࢪ࢙ࢵࢺ༳ๅ㓄⥺ࢆᐇ⌧ࡍࡿࡓࡵ࡟ࠊ↝ᡂ᮲௳ࡢ᳨ウ㸦ᅗ 2 ᕥ㸧ࡸᇶᯈ⾲
㠃ࡢᨵ㉁ฎ⌮㸦ᅗ 2 ྑ㸧ࢆ㛤Ⓨࡋࡓࠋ
ᅗ㸰 ࢖ࣥࢡࢪ࢙ࢵࢺ༳ๅ࡟ࡼࡗ࡚ࠊ㧗ᑟ㟁ᛶ㓄⥺ࢆᐇ⌧ࡍࡿᢏ⾡
― 57 ―
࣭SiC ࢲ࢖࢔ࢱࢵࢳ⏝ Zn ㉸⪏⇕ࡣࢇࡔ࡟࠾ࡅࡿᘏᛶ࠾ࡼࡧ⪏㓟໬ᛶࡢᨵၿ
SiC ࣃ࣮࣡ࢹࣂ࢖ࢫࡢືస ᗘࡣ 200qC ࢆ㉸࠼ࡿࡇ࡜ࡀᮇᚅࡉࢀࠊ250㹼300 qC ࡛⪏࠼ࡿᐇ⿦ᮦᩱࡀᚲ
せ࡜ࡉࢀ࡚࠸࠸ࡲࡍࠋ⣧ Zn ࡣࠊ40㹼300Υ ᗘ⠊ᅖࡢ⇕⾪ᧁヨ㦂࡛ࠊඃࢀࡓಙ㢗ᛶࢆ♧ࡍࡀࠊẚ㍑ⓗ
⬤ᛶࡀ࠶ࡾ㓟໬㏿ᗘࡀ㏿࠸ḞⅬࢆ᭷ࡍࡿࠋࢲ࢖࢔ࢱࢵࢳ࡟㧗ಙ㢗ᛶࢆ୚࠼ࡿࡓࡵ࡟ࡣࠊᘏᛶ௜୚࡜኱Ẽ
୰ࡸ㧗 㧗‵⎔ቃ࡟࠾ࡅࡿ⪏㓟໬ᛶࡢᨵၿࡀᮃࡲࢀ࡚࠸ࡲࡍࠋࡑࡇ࡛ࠊከ㔞ࡢ㔠ᒓ໬ྜ≀ࢆᙧᡂࡋ࡞࠸
⠊ᅖ࡛ࠊ➨ 2 ඖ⣲ࢆᚤ㔞࡟ῧຍࡋࠊZn ࡢᘏᛶࡸ⪏㓟໬ᛶࢆᨵၿࡉࡏࡲࡋࡓࠋ
ᅗ㸱ᚤ㔞ඖ⣲ࡢῧຍ࡟ࡼࡾࠊᘏᛶ࡜ᒎᛶᕥᅗࠊࡑࢀࡽࡢᚤ⣽ᵓ㐀ྑᅗ
࣭ḟୡ௦ࣃ࣮࣡ࢹࣂ࢖ࢫ⏝ࢲ࢖࣎ࣥࢹ࢕ࣥࢢᮦᩱࡢప ࣭పⲴ㔜ᐇ⿦ᢏ⾡ࡢ㛤Ⓨ
ḟୡ௦ࣃ࣮࣡ࢹࣂ࢖ࢫࡢ㛤Ⓨ࡟ྥࡅ࡚ 300Υ௨ୖࡢ⪏⇕ᛶࢆ᭷ࡋࡓ᪂ࡓ࡞᥋ྜᮦᩱࡢ㛤Ⓨࡀồࡵࡽࢀ
࡚࠸ࡿࠋᚑࡢ㖟ࢼࣀ⢏Ꮚࢆ⏝࠸ࡓࢲ࢖࣎ࣥࢹ࢕ࣥࢢᮦᩱࡣࠊ㧗 ࣭㧗Ⲵ㔜࡛ࡢ↝⤖ࡀᚲせ࡛࠶ࡗࡓࠋᮏ
◊✲࡛ࡣࠊⷧࡃࠊᡥᖹ≧ࡢ࣐࢖ࢡࣟ Ag ࣇ࣮ࣞࢡࢆ⏝࠸ࡿࡇ࡜࡛ࠊప 㸦200Υ௨ୗ㸧
࣭పⲴ㔜㸦0.4MPa㸧
࡛ࡢ↝⤖࡛㧗࠸᥋ྜᙉᗘ㸦36MPa ௨ୖ㸧ࢆᚓࡿࡇ࡜࡟ᡂຌࡋࡓࠋ(ᅗ 4 ᕥ)ࡲࡓࠊస〇ࡋࡓ㖟ࣇ࣮ࣞࢡࢲ
࢖࣎ࣥࢹ࢕ࣥࢢᮦᩱࡣ㧗࠸ಙ㢗ᛶࡶ᭷ࡋ࡚࠾ࡾࠊ㛗᫬㛫ࡢ⇕ࢧ࢖ࢡࣝヨ㦂ᚋࡶ㧗࠸᥋ྜᙉᗘࢆ⥔ᣢࡋ࡚
࠸ࡓࠋ(ᅗ 4 ྑ)
ᅗ㸲 㖟⣔᪂つࢲ࢖࣎ࣥࢹ࢕ࣥࢢ࢖ࣥࢡᮦᩱࡢ᥋ྜᙉᗘࠊ᥋ྜ ᗘ࡜⇕ࢧ࢖ࢡࣝ౫Ꮡᛶ
࣭኱Ẽ୰ཬࡧ㧗┿✵ୗ࡛Ⓨ⏕ࡍࡿࡍࡎ࢘࢕ࢫ࢝ᡂ㛗࣓࢝ࢽࢬ࣒ࡢゎ᫂
ࡍࡎ⾲㠃ࡢ㓟໬≧ែࡢ㐪࠸࠿ࡽࠊࡵࡗࡁᇶᯈୖ࠿ࡽⓎ⏕ࡍࡿࡍࡎ࢘࢕ࢫ࢝ࡢᡂ㛗ᛶࡀࠊ኱Ẽ୰ཬࡧ㧗
┿✵ࡢ᮲௳ୗ࡛␗࡞ࡿࡇ࡜࡟╔┠ࡋࠊࡑࢀࡒࢀࡢ᮲௳ୗ࡛⇕ࢧ࢖ࢡࣝ࡟ࡼࡗ࡚Ⓨ⏕ࡍࡿࡍࡎ࢘࢕ࢫ࢝ࡢ
Ⓨ⏕࡜ᡂ㛗࣓࢝ࢽࢬ࣒ࢆẚ㍑᳨ウࡋࡓࠋ42 ࢔ࣟ࢖(Ni42%-Fe57%)ࡢᇶᯈୖ࡟ 5 ȝm ࡍࡎࡵࡗࡁࡋࡓヨᩱ
ࢆ౑⏝ࡋ࡚ࠊ⇕ࢧ࢖ࢡࣝヨ㦂ࡣ኱Ẽ୰࠾ࡼࡧ┿✵୰࡛ࡑࢀࡒࢀ-20Υ㹼80Υࡲ࡛ 100 ࢧ࢖ࢡࣝᐇ᪋ࡋࡓࠋ
ᅗ 5 ࡢᕥ࡟♧ࡍࡼ࠺࡟ࠊ኱Ẽ୰ࡢࡍࡎ࢘࢕ࢫ࢝ࡣ」ᩘࡢ⢏⏺࠿ࡽኴࡃ࡚▷࠸ࣀࢷ࣮ࣝᙧ≧࡛Ⓨ⏕ࡋࠊࡑ
ࡢᡂ㛗᪉ྥࡶṍ᭤ࡋ࡚࠸ࡿࠋ୍᪉࡛ࠊ㧗┿✵୰࡛ࡢ࢘࢕ࢫ࢝ࡣࡦ࡜ࡘࡢ⢏⏺࠿ࡽⓎ⏕ࡋࠊ⣽ࡃ࡚㛗࠸ᙧ
≧࡛࠶ࡾࠊ┤⥺ⓗ࡟ᡂ㛗ࡋ࡚࠸ࡿࡇ࡜ࡀほᐹࡉࢀࡓࠋ኱Ẽ୰࡛ࡢࡍࡎ࢘࢕ࢫ࢝ࡢṍ᭤ࡣࠊࡍࡎࡢ⾲㠃ࡀ
㓟໬ࡉࢀࡿࡇ࡜࡛⢏⏺࡟ἢࡗ࡚ࢡࣛࢵࢡࡀⓎ⏕ࡍࡿࡇ࡜࡟㉳ᅉࡋ࡚࠸ࡿࠋ(ྑᅗ)
ᅗ㸳 ኱Ẽ୰࠾ࡼࡧ᭦᪂✵୰ࡢ⇕ࢧ࢖ࢡࣝࡼࡗ࡚Ⓨ⏕ࡋࡓࡍࡎ࢘࢕ࢫ࢝࡜ࡑࢀࡽࡢ᩿㠃ᅗ
― 58 ―
ບ㉳≀ᛶ⛉Ꮫ◊✲ศ㔝
ᩍᤵ ෸ᩍᤵ ෸ᩍᤵ ຓᩍ ຓᩍ ༤ኈ◊✲ဨ
༤ኈ◊✲ဨ
஦ົ⿵బဨ
㇂ᮧ ඞᕫ
⏣୰ ៅ୍㑻
㔠㷂 㡰୍
✄ぢ ᰤ୍
ᡂ℩ ᘏᗣ
ᐊᒸ ⩏ᰤ
Giret Yvelin
ΎỈ ᐇబᏊ
a) ᴫせ
ᮏ◊✲ศ㔝࡛ࡣࠊᅛయࡢ㟁Ꮚ⣔ࡀບ㉳ࡉࢀࡓ㝿࡟Ⓨ⏕ࡍࡿ✀ࠎࡢཎᏊ㐣⛬㸦㟁Ꮚບ㉳ㄏ㉳ཎᏊ㐣⛬㸧
ࡢᶵᵓࢆゎ᫂ࡋࠊཎᏊ㐣⛬ࢆไᚚ࣭⤌⧊໬ࡋ࡚᪂つ࡞㧗ḟᶵ⬟ᵓ㐀ࢆ๰〇ࡍࡿ஦ࠊࢆ┠ⓗ࡜ࡋ࡚࠸ࡿࠋ
ᚑ᮶ࡢᡭἲࡀ᭷ࡋ࡚࠸ࡓ⇕ຊᏛⓗᖹ⾮᮲௳ࡢไ⣙ࢆ኱ࡁࡃᡴ◚ࡋࠊ᪂ࡋ࠸ᮦᩱ⛉Ꮫ࣭≀㉁⛉Ꮫࡢ 1 ᒎ㛤
᪉ྥࢆ┠ᣦࡍࠋᅛయࡢບ㉳ᡭἲ࡜ࡋ࡚ࠊ࣮ࣞࢨ࣮ගࠊ㟁Ꮚࣅ࣮࣒ࠊ➼ከᙬ࡞ບ㉳※ࢆ㥑౑ࡋ࡚ྛບ㉳≧
ែࢆ㑅ᢥⓗ࡟Ⓨ⏕ࡉࡏࠊㄏ㉳ࡉࢀࡿཎᏊ㐣⛬ࢆࠊᅛయෆࡢཎᏊࡢ᣺ື࿘ᮇࡼࡾࡶ㏿࠸ࣇ࢙࣒ࢺ⛊㡿ᇦ࡛
ᐇ᫬㛫㊧ࡍࡿ࡜ඹ࡟ࠊ㉮ᰝᆺࢺࣥࢿࣝ㢧ᚤ㙾ࢆ⏝࠸࡚ࠊཎᏊ࡛ࣞ࣋ࣝࡢᵓ㐀ኚ໬ࢆ┤᥋ほᐹࡍࡿࠋ
≉࡟᭱㏆ࡣࠊບ㉳ᚋࡢ㟁Ꮚ⣔ࡢኚ໬ࢆ㉸㧗㏿࡛┤᥋ ᐃࡍࡿࡓࡵࡢࣇ࢙࣒ࢺ⛊᫬㛫ศゎග㟁Ꮚศගࠊ
࠾ࡼࡧࠊᅛయࡢᵓ㐀ኚ໬ࢆ 10-13 ⛊ࡢ᫬㛫㡿ᇦ࡛┤᥋ᤊ࠼ࡿࡓࡵࡢࣇ࢙࣒ࢺ⛊᫬㛫ศゎ㟁Ꮚᅇᢡ⿦⨨ࢆ⏝
࠸ࡓจ⦰⣔ᵓ㐀ືຊᏛ◊✲࡟ὀຊࡋࡓ◊✲ࢆ㐍ࡵ࡚࠸ࡿࠋ୺࡞◊✲ෆᐜࡣࠊ㟁Ꮚບ㉳࡟ࡼࡿ༙ᑟయ⾲㠃
ୖࡢ㧗ḟᶵ⬟ࢼࣀᵓ㐀๰〇ࡢᇶ♏㐣⛬ࡢ◊✲ࠊࣇ࢙࣒ࢺ⛊ 2 ගᏊග㟁Ꮚศග࡟ࡼࡿ༙ᑟయ⤖ᬗ࠾ࡼࡧࡑ
ࡢ⾲㠃ୖࡢ㉸㧗㏿࣮࢟ࣕࣜࣖືຊᏛࡢ◊✲ࠊගㄏ㉳ᵓ㐀┦㌿⛣ືຊᏛࡢ◊✲࡛࠶ࡿࠋ
b) ᡂᯝ
࣭I ࣇ࢙࣒ࢺ⛊ 2 ගᏊග㟁Ꮚศග࡟ࡼࡿ⾲㠃ບ㉳ືຊᏛࡢ◊✲
ࣇ࢙࣒ࢺ⛊ 2 ගᏊග㟁Ꮚศගࡢᡭἲࢆ⏝࠸࡚ࠊ༙ᑟయ⤖ᬗ࠾ࡼࡧࡑࡢ෌ᵓᡂ⾲㠃࡟࠾ࡅࡿ㟁Ꮚບ㉳≧
ែࡢ㉸㧗㏿⦆࿴ືຊᏛ࡟㛵ࡍࡿ◊✲ࢆᒎ㛤ࡋࡓ. ᡃࠎࡢᡭἲࡢ≉ᚩࡣࠊࣇ࢙࣒ࢺ⛊࢜ࣉࢸ࢕࢝ࣝࣃ࣓ࣛ
ࢺࣜࢵࢡⓎ᣺ჾࢆ 250kHz ࡛ືసࡉࡏࠊ࣏ࣥࣉග࡜ࣉ࣮ࣟࣈග࡜ࡢ⊂❧࡞Ἴ㛗ྍኚ໬ࢆᐇ⌧ࡋࡓᐇ㦂⿦
⨨ࢆᵓᡂࡋ࡚࠸ࡿⅬ࡟࠶ࡿࠋࣇ࢙࣒ࢺ⛊ࣃࣝࢫࡢ᫬㛫ᖜࢆ኱ᖜ࡟▷⦰ࡋࠊ࣏ࣥࣉࣃࣝࢫᖜ 60 fs,ࣉ࣮ࣟ
ࣈࣃࣝࢫᖜ 90 fs ࢆᐇ⌧ࡋࡓ஦࡟ຍ࠼ࠊᨺฟ㟁Ꮚࡢ࢚ࢿࣝࢠ࣮࡜ᨺฟゅ㸦㐠ື㔞㸧ࢆྠ᫬ 2 ḟඖ᳨ฟ࡛
ࡁࡿ㟁Ꮚศᯒჾࢆᑟධࡋࠊບ㉳㟁Ꮚ⣔ࡢືຊᏛ◊✲ࡢ㔜せ࡞▱ぢࢆࠊ࢚ࢿࣝࢠ࣮ࠊ㐠ື㔞㸦㸰ḟඖ㸧ࠊ
᫬㛫ࡢ 4 ḟඖศග࡜ࡋ࡚㐙⾜࡛ࡁࡿࡼ࠺࡟࡞ࡗࡓࠋ᭦࡟ࠊᚑ᮶ࡲ࡛ࡢບ㉳㟁Ꮚ⣔ࡢࡳ࡞ࡽࡎࠊ౯㟁Ꮚᖏ
࡟ὀධࡉࢀࡓṇᏍࡢ⦆࿴ືຊᏛ◊✲ࡶᒎ㛤ࡋ࡚࠸ࡿࠋᡂᯝࡣ௨ୗࡢ㏻ࡾ࡛࠶ࡿࠋ
6L ⤖ᬗ࡟࠾ࡅࡿ࣍ࢵࢺ࢚ࣞࢡࢺࣟࣥࡢ⦆࿴㐣⛬࡜㉸㧗㏿⾲㠃෌⤖ྜ㐣⛬ࡢ◊✲
༙ᑟయ⤖ᬗ୰ࡢගບ㉳࡟ࡼࡗ࡚Ⓨ⏕ࡋࡓບ㉳㟁ᏊࡢືຊᏛࡣࠊኴ㝧㟁ụࢆࡣࡌࡵ࡜ࡋࡓග࢚ࢿࣝࢠ࣮
ኚ᥮ᶵᵓ࡟࠾࠸࡚ᴟࡵ࡚㔜せ࡞ᙺ๭ࢆᯝࡓࡍ࡟ࡶ㛵ࢃࡽࡎࠊࡑࡢ⦆࿴ືຊᏛ࡟ࡣ୙᫂࡞Ⅼࡀከ࠿ࡗࡓࠋ
ᡃࠎࡣࠊSi ⤖ᬗࢆᑐ㇟࡜ࡋ࡚ບ㉳Ἴ㛗ࢆ㉥እ㸫ྍどࡢ඲ᇦ࡟ࢃࡓࡗ࡚ኚ໬ࡉࡏࠊບ㉳㟁Ꮚࡢ⦆࿴ືຊᏛ
ࢆయ⣔ⓗ࡟◊✲ࡋࡓࠋࡑࢀ࡟ࡼࡗ࡚ࠊບ㉳㟁Ꮚࡢ inter-valley ᩓ஘㐣⛬ࢆ┤᥋ⓗ࡟ゎ᫂ࡋࡓ௚ࠊ㟁Ꮚ⣔
ࡢᖹ⾮≧ែࢆ☜❧ࡍࡿ௨๓ࡢ㠀ᖹ⾮࣍ࢵࢺ࢚ࣞࢡࢺࣟࣥࡢ⾲㠃≧ែࡸ⾲㠃Ḟ㝗‽఩࡬ࡢ㉸㧗㏿↓㍽ᑕ
㑄⛣㐣⛬ࢆ᫂ࡽ࠿࡟ࡋࡓࠋ᭦࡟ࠊ࣮ࣞࢨ࣮⣔ࡢᨵⰋ࡟ࡼࡗ࡚ࠊ206nm(6.02 eV)ࡢࣇ࢙࣒ࢺ⛊㉸▷ࣃࣝࢫ
⣸እගࢆࣉ࣮ࣟࣈࣃࣝࢫ࡜ࡋ࡚⏝࠸ࠊ౯㟁Ꮚ⣔࡟ගὀධࡉࢀࡓṇᏍࡢ㉸㧗㏿⦆࿴㐣⛬ࡢ◊✲ࢆ㐙⾜ࡋࡓࠋ
Si ⤖ᬗࡢሙྜࠊࣂࣝࢡྍ㟁Ꮚᖏ࠿ࡽࡢ┤᥋㑄⛣࡟ࡼࡿග㟁Ꮚࣆ࣮ࢡࢆྠᐃࡋࠊගບ㉳࡟క࠺ṇᏍࡢὀධ
࡟ࡼࡗ࡚ࠊࡇࡢ౯㟁Ꮚᖏ࠿ࡽࡢࣆ࣮ࢡᙉᗘࡢᚤᙅ࡞ῶᑡࢆ᳨ฟ࣭ゎᯒࡋࠊ౯㟁Ꮚ⣔ṇᏍࡢືຊᏛ࡟ᑐࡍ
― 59 ―
ELECTRON ENERGY ( eV )
ࡿึࡵ࡚ࡢ▱ぢࢆᚓࡓࠋ
໬ྜ≀༙ᑟయ *D$V ⤖ᬗ࡟࠾ࡅࡿ࣍ࢵࢺ࢚ࣞࢡࢺࣟࣥ
3
ࡢ⦆࿴㐣⛬ࡢ◊✲
௒ᖺᗘࡣࠊᑐ㇟ࢆ┤᥋༙ᑟయ࡛࠶ࡿ *D$V ࡟ࡶᣑᙇࡋࠊᚑ
᮶ࡢගᏛⓗᐇ㦂࠿ࡽࡢ㛫᥋ⓗ࡞▱ぢࡢ㝈⏺ࢆᡴ◚ࡋ࡚ࠊ㟁
't=70 fs
Ꮚศග࡟ࡼࡿ┤᥋ⓗ࡞㟁Ꮚ⦆࿴㐣⛬ࢆࠊ㐠ື㔞࡜᫬㛫ࡢ㸲
ḟඖ✵㛫࡛࢖࣓࣮ࢪ໬ࡍࡿࡇ࡜࡟ᡂຌࡋࡓࠋᅗ ࡟ࡑࡢ௦
2
⾲ⓗ࡞⤖ᯝࢆ♧ࡍࠋ[FP ࡢບ㉳ᐦᗘ࡛ගບ㉳ࡼࡗ࡚Ⓨ
CBM
⏕ࡋࡓఏᑟᖏ㟁ᏊࡣࠊKHDY\KROH ࣂࣥࢻ࠾ࡼࡧ OLJKWKROH
't=2.5 ps
ࣂࣥࢻ࠿ࡽࡢ㑄⛣࡟ᑐᛂࡋ࡚ࠊ࢚ࢿࣝࢠ࣮࠾ࡼࡧ㐠ື㔞ࢆ
ಖᏑࡋࡓఏᑟᖏ఩⨨࡟ὀධࡉࢀ㸦'W IV㸧ࠊࡑࡢ㠀ᖹ⾮
ศᕸࡀࠊບ㉳ᚋᩘ SV ࡟ࡣࠊఏᑟᖏᗏ࡟⦆࿴ࡋ࡚ศᕸࡋ࡚࠸
1
ࡿᵝᏊࡀ࢖࣓࣮ࢪ໬ࡉࢀ࡚࠸ࡿࠋ㟁Ꮚ⣔ࡀ‽ᖹ⾮ศᕸ࡟࡞
ࡿࡲ࡛࡟せࡍࡿ᫬㛫ࡣࠊ⣙ SV ࡛࠶ࡾࠊᚑ᮶ࡲ࡛࡟᥎ᐃ
ࡉࢀ࡚࠸ࡓ್ࡼࡾࡶ୍᱆⛬ᗘ㛗࠸ࠋࡇࡢ▱ぢࡣࠊ᫬㛫ศゎ
5
0
-5
ග㟁Ꮚศග ᐃ࡟ࡼࡗ࡚ึࡵ࡚┤᥋ⓗ࡟⋓ᚓࡉࢀࡓࡶࡢ࡛
EMISSION ANGLE (T): [110]
ᅗ1
࠶ࡾࠊᚑ᮶ࡢ⌮ゎࢆ୍ኚࡉࡏࡿ⤖ᯝ࡟࡞ࡗ࡚࠸ࡿࠋ௒ᚋࡣࠊ
,Q3 ⤖ᬗ࡞࡝࡬ࡢ୍⯡໬࡜ྠ᫬࡟ࠊບ㉳ᐦᗘቑຍ࡟క࠺㟁Ꮚ㸫㟁Ꮚ┦஫స⏝ࡢ┤᥋ほᐹࠊLQWHUYDOOH\
ᩓ஘㐣⛬ࡢヲ⣽࡞࡝ࢆ⣔⤫ⓗ࡟◊✲ࡍࡿࠋ
RELATIVE INTENSITY
࣭㹇㹇 ࣇ࢙࣒ࢺ⛊᫬㛫ศゎ㏱㐣ᆺ㟁Ꮚᅇᢡࢆ⏝࠸ࡓ㉸㧗㏿ᵓ㐀ືຊᏛࡢ◊✲
᭱㏆άⓎ࡞◊✲ࡀᒎ㛤ࡉࢀ࡚࠸ࡿගㄏ㉳┦㌿⛣࡞࡝ࡢࠊᅛయࡢ㟁Ꮚ⣔ບ㉳ࢆࢺࣜ࢞࡜ࡍࡿᵓ㐀ኚ໬࣭
᪂⛛ᗎ┦๰〇㐣⛬ࡢゎ᫂࡟ࡣࠊ㉸㧗㏿࡛㐍ᒎࡍࡿ᱁Ꮚ⣔ືຊᏛ࡟ᑐࡍࡿ┤᥋ⓗ࡞᳨ฟᡭἲࡀᚲせ࡜ࡉࢀ
ࡿࠋࡑࡢ᭱ࡶ᭷ຊ࡞ᡭἲࡢ୍ࡘࡣࠊ᫬㛫ศゎ㟁Ꮚᅇᢡࡢᡭἲ࡛
࠶ࡿࠋᡃࠎࡣࠊMeV 㡿ᇦࡢ㐠ື࢚ࢿࣝࢠ࣮ࢆ᭷ࡋࠊ࠿ࡘ 100fs
௨ୗࡢࣃࣝࢫᖜࢆᣢࡘ㟁Ꮚ⥺ࣃࣝࢫࢆ⏝࠸ࡓࠊ㏱㐣ᆺ㟁Ꮚᅇᢡ
1.2
(220)
⿦⨨ࢆ㛤Ⓨࡋࠊࡑࢀࢆ⏝࠸ࡓ⤖ᬗᵓ㐀ືຊᏛ◊✲ࢆᒎ㛤ࡋ࡚᮶
1.1
(220)
ࡓࠋᅗ 2 ࡟⿦⨨ࡢᴫ␎࡜ࡑࡢ⤖ᯝ౛ࢆ♧ࡍࠋ㟁Ꮚ※ࡣࠊS ࣂࣥ
ࢻࡢ RF ࣇ࢛ࢺ࢝ࢯ࣮ࢻ࡛࠶ࡾࠊTi:Sapphire ࣮ࣞࢨ࣮ࡢ୕ಸ㧗
1.0
(220)
ㄪἼ↷ᑕ࡛Ⓨ⏕ࡋࡓග㟁Ꮚࡀ RF 㟁ሙ୍࡛ᣲ࡟ 3MeV ࡟ࡲ࡛ຍ
0.9
㏿ࡉࢀࡿࠋࡇࡢ༢୍ࣃࢫࣝෆ࡟ྵࡲࢀࡿ㟁Ꮚᩘࡣ 106~107 ಶ࡛
(220)
࠶ࡾࠊ⊂⮬࡟㛤Ⓨࡋࡓ㧗ឤᗘ᳨ฟჾ࡟ࡼࡗ࡚ࠊ༢୍ࣃࢫ࡛ࣝࡢ
Q=2.3 THz
ᅇᢡࣃࢱ࣮ࣥ ᐃࡀྍ⬟࡛࠶ࡿࠋᅗ 2 ࡟ࠊᮏ⿦⨨ࢆ㥑౑ࡋ࡚⾜
ࡗࡓࠊSi ⤖ᬗࡢ࣮ࣞࢨ࣮ບ㉳࡟క࠺ᅇᢡᙉᗘࡢ᫬㛫ኚ໬ࡢ⤖
ᯝࢆ♧ࡍࠋ(220)ࢫ࣏ࢵࢺࡢ㸲ࡘࡢᅇᢡⅬᙉᗘࡣࠊບ㉳࡟ࡼࡗ
0
-1
1
࡚ቑῶࡍࡿ஧⤌࡟ศ⿣ࡋࠊᕧどⓗ࡞ᵓ㐀ኚᙧࡀ᭷ᶵࡉࢀ࡚࠸ࡿ
DELAY TIME ( ps )
ࡇ࡜ࢆ♧ࡋ࡚࠸ࡿࠋࡑࡢኚ໬࡟ࡣࠊ2.3THz ࡢࢥࣄ࣮ࣞࣥࢺ᣺
220
ືࡀ௜㝶ࡋ࡚࠾ࡾࠊ㉸㧗㏿ࡢ㡢㡪ࣇ࢛ࣀࣥ⏕ᡂࡀࡇࡢኚᙧࡢཎ
ᅉ࡛࠶ࡿࡇ࡜ࡀศ࠿ࡿࠋ
220
220
ᮏ⿦⨨ࡢ᫬㛫ศゎ⬟ࡣ 200fs ࡛࠶ࡾࠊࡇࡢ㉸㧗㏿ᛶࠊࢩࣥࢢ
220
ࣝࢩࣙࢵࢺ ᐃྍ⬟ᛶࢆ⏕࠿ࡋࠊ
'=0.04 Å
ձSi ⤖ᬗ࡟࠾࠸࡚ࠊ㛫᥋㑄⛣㐣⛬࡛㟁Ꮚ㑄⛣࡟௜㝶ࡋ࡚Ⓨ⏕
ᅗ2
ࡍࡿ㡢㡪ࣇ࢛ࣀࣥ⏕ᡂࢆᮇ㝈࡜ࡍࡿගㄏ㉳㉸㧗㏿᱁Ꮚኚᙧࡢ
┤᥋ほᐹࠊղ㔠ᒓ༢⤖ᬗ࡟࠾ࡅࡿ࣮ࣞࢨ࣮ບ㉳㉸㧗㏿⁐⼥ᶵᵓ
ࢆ᫂ࡽ࠿࡟ࡋࡓࠋ⌧ᅾࠊࡇࡢࣇ࢙࣒ࢺ⛊᫬㛫ศゎ㟁Ꮚᅇᢡ⿦⨨ࢆ⏝࠸࡚ࠊ
ձගㄏ㉳ࢢࣛࣇ࢓࢖ࢺ㸫ࢲ࢖ࣖࣔࣥࢻ┦㌿⛣㐣⛬࡟࠾ࡅࡿᵓ㐀ືຊᏛ◊✲ࠊ
ղ┦㌿⛣グ᠈ᮦᩱ Ge2Sb2Te5 ࡢ⤖ᬗ㸫࢔ࣔࣝࣇ࢓ࢫᵓ㐀┦㌿⛣ࡢືຊᏛ㐣⛬ࡢゎ᫂ࠊ
➼ࡢ◊✲ࢆ㐍ࡵ࡚࠸ࡿࠋ
― 60 ―
㔞Ꮚࣅ࣮࣒Ⓨ⏕⛉Ꮫ◊✲ศ㔝
ᩍᤵ
෸ᩍᤵ
ຓᩍ
≉௵ຓᩍ
ᣍ⪸ᩍᤵ
኱Ꮫ㝔Ꮫ⏕
☾ᒣ ᝅᮁ
ຍ⸨ 㱟ዲ
ᕝ℩ ၨᝅ
ධ⃝ ᫂඾㸦2012 ᖺ 1 ᭶ 1 ᪥㸫㸧
ධ⃝ ᫂඾㸦㸫2011 ᖺ 12 ᭶ 31 ᪥㸧
Ⳣ ⁠ṇ
ỿ ഔࠊᖹ⏣ ⚈ࠊ⸨ᮏ ᑘ㍤ࠊୖྖ ᩥၿࠊ኱ゅ ᐶᶞ
a) ᴫせ
⢏Ꮚຍ㏿ჾࡣᇶ♏⛉Ꮫ࠿ࡽ⏘ᴗࡲ࡛ᗈࡃ฼⏝ࡉࢀ࡚࠸ࡿࠋᙜ◊✲ศ㔝ࡣࠊ㧗㍤ᗘ㟁Ꮚࣅ࣮࣒ࡸග࡞࡝
㔞Ꮚࣅ࣮࣒ࡢⓎ⏕࡜࠸࠺ほⅬ࠿ࡽຍ㏿ჾࢆ࡜ࡽ࠼࡚◊✲ࡋ࡚࠸ࡿࠋຍ㏿ჾࡣேᕤ≀࡛࠶ࡿࡀࠊᴟ㝈ᛶ⬟
ࢆ㏣ồࡍࡿ࡜㠀⥺ᙧᛶࡸ㞟ᅋ㐠ື࡞࡝ࡢ⯆࿡᭷ࡿ≀⌮ࡢᇶᮏၥ㢟ࡀ⌧ࢀࡿࠋ᪂ࡋ࠸㔞Ꮚࣅ࣮࣒ࡣேࡀぢ
ࡿ஦ࡢฟ᮶ࡿୡ⏺ࢆᗈࡆࡿࡢ࡛ᇶ♏◊✲࠿ࡽᛂ⏝ࡲ࡛ᗈ࠸⠊ᅖࡢ฼⏝ࡀᮇᚅ࡛ࡁࡿࠋලయⓗ࡟ࡣࠊ㟁Ꮚ
⥺ᙧຍ㏿ჾ࡟ࡼࡿ㧗࢚ࢿࣝࢠ࣮࣭㧗㍤ᗘ㟁Ꮚࣅ࣮࣒ࡢⓎ⏕࡜ࡑࢀ࡟క࠺㟁Ꮚࣅ࣮࣒ࡢࢲ࢖ࢼ࣑ࢡࢫࡢ◊
✲ࡸࠊ⥺ᙧຍ㏿ჾ࡛Ⓨ⏕ࡋࡓ㟁Ꮚࣅ࣮࣒ࢆ⏝࠸࡚㉥እ㸦ࢸࣛ࣊ࣝࢶ㸧㡿ᇦ࡛ࡢ⮬⏤㟁Ꮚ࣮ࣞࢨ࣮㸦FEL㸧
ࡢᐇ⏝໬࡬ྥࡅ࡚ࡢ㛤Ⓨ◊✲࡜ࠊⓎ⏕ࡋࡓࢥࣄ࣮ࣞࣥࢺගࢆ⏝࠸ࡓ≀ᛶ≀⌮Ꮫࡸ㛵㐃ศ㔝ࡢ฼⏝◊✲ࠊ
X ⥺⮬⏤㟁Ꮚ࣮ࣞࢨ࣮ࡢ㧗ᗘ໬ࢆ┠ᣦࡋ࡚༢୍㏻㐣ᆺ FEL ࡢ㉥እ㡿ᇦ࡛ࡢᇶ♏◊✲ࢆ⾜ࡗ࡚࠸ࡿࠋ
b) ᡂᯝ
࣭L ࣂࣥࢻ㟁Ꮚࣛ࢖ࢼࢵࢡࡢᛶ⬟ྥୖ
FEL ࡢቑᖜ⋡ࡣ㟁Ꮚࣅ࣮࣒ࡢࣂࣥࢳᙜࡓࡾࡢ㟁Ⲵ㔞࡟౫ᏑࡍࡿࠋFEL ࡢቑᖜ⋡ࡢቑ኱ࡣࠊฟຊගࡢ
ࣆ࣮ࢡᙉᗘࡢቑ኱ࡔࡅ࡛࡞ࡃࠊ㛗Ἴ㛗ഃ࡛኱ࡁࡃ࡞ࡿᅇᢡᦆኻࢆୖᅇࡿ FEL ቑᖜࢆ୚࠼ࠊ⤖ᯝ࡜ࡋ࡚
Ⓨ᣺Ἴ㛗ࡢ㛗Ἴ㛗໬࡟ᐤ୚ࡍࡿࠋࡋ࠿ࡋ࡞ࡀࡽ⌧ᅾࡢ L ࣂࣥࢻ㟁Ꮚࣛ࢖ࢼࢵࢡࡢ㐠㌿࡛ࡣࠊຍ㏿⟶࡟౪
⤥ࡋ࡚࠸ࡿ RF ࣃ࣮࣡࡟ᑐࡍࡿ㟁Ꮚࣅ࣮࣒࡟ࡼࡿ㈇Ⲵࡀ኱ࡁࡃࠊࡇࢀ௨ୖࡢᖹᆒࣅ࣮࣒㟁ὶࡢቑຍࡣᮃ
ࡵ࡞࠸ࠋࡑࡇ࡛㟁Ꮚࣅ࣮࣒ࡢᖹᆒ㟁ὶࢆ⌧≧࡟ಖࡗࡓࡲࡲࣂࣥࢳ㟁Ⲵࢆቑ኱ࡍࡿࡓࡵ࡟ࠊࡇࢀࡲ࡛ 27
MHz ࡛㥑ືࡍࡿ㟁Ꮚ㖠ࢢࣜࢵࢻࣃࣝࢧ࣮ࢆ㛤Ⓨ
ࡋ࡚ࡁࡓࠋ᭱㏆ࡇࢀࢆ L ࣂࣥࢻ㟁Ꮚࣛ࢖ࢼࢵࢡࢩ
ࢫࢸ࣒࡬ᑟධࡋࠊ27 MHz ࡛ 8 Ps ࡢ࣐ࢡࣟࣃࣝࢫ
㟁Ꮚࣅ࣮࣒ࡢຍ㏿࡟ᡂຌࠊࡉࡽ࡟ࡇࡢࣅ࣮࣒࡟ࡼ
ࡿ FEL ࡢⓎ᣺ࢆ☜ㄆࡋࡓ㸦ᅗ㸯㸧ࠋ௒ᚋࠊࣅ࣮࣒
ࣃ࣓࣮ࣛࢱࡢ᭱㐺໬ࢆ⾜࠺ࡇ࡜࡟ࡼࡾࠊࡇࢀࡲ࡛
࡜ẚ㍑ࡋ࡚ FEL ቑᖜ⋡ࡢ᱁ẁࡢྥୖ࡜Ⓨ᣺ FEL
Ἴ㛗ࡢ㛗Ἴ㛗໬ࢆ┠ᣦࡍࠋ
࣭㐲㉥እ⮬⏤㟁Ꮚ࣮ࣞࢨ࣮ࡢ㛤Ⓨ◊✲
ᡃࠎࡣࠊࢸࣛ࣊ࣝࢶ㡿ᇦ࡛ࡢඹ᣺ჾᆺ FEL ࡢ㛤
Ⓨ◊✲ࢆ⾜࡞ࡗ࡚࠸ࡿࠋ⌧≧ࡣࠊἼ㛗 25 ࠿ࡽ 150
Pm㸦࿘Ἴᩘ 2 ࠿ࡽ 12 THz㸧ࡢ⠊ᅖ࡛ࣃ࣮࣡㣬࿴࡟
㐩ࡍࡿ㧗ฟຊືసࢆᐇ⌧ࡋ࡚࠸ࡿࠋࡑࡢ✚ศᙉᗘ
ࡣ㟁Ꮚࣅ࣮࣒࢚ࢿࣝࢠ࣮18 MeV ࡢ࡜ࡁࠊἼ㛗
60~70 Pm ࡟࠾࠸࡚᭱኱ 3.7mJ ࡟㐩ࡍࡿࠋࡇࡢ࣐
ࢡࣟࣃࣝࢫ᫬㛫ᖜࡣ࠾ࡼࡑ 3 Ps ࡞ࡢ࡛ࠊࣆ࣮ࢡࣃ
࣮࣡ࡣ 1.2 kW ࡜࡞ࡿࠋ࣐ࢡࣟࣃࣝࢫࡣ 9.2 ns 㛫
ᅗ㸯 㟁Ꮚ㖠ฟຊ࡜ຍ㏿⟶ฟཱྀࡢ㟁Ꮚࣅ࣮࣒ࠊ
࠾ࡼࡧ )(/ ࡢಙྕ
Ἴᙧ㸦ୖ㸧࡜㟁Ꮚࣅ࣮࣒ࡢἼᙧࡢᣑ኱㸦ୗ㸧ࠋ
― 61 ―
Intensity (uJ/1umBW/pulse)
㝸ࡢ᫬㛫ᖜ 20 ps ⛬ᗘࡢ࣑ࢡࣟࣃࣝࢫ࡟ࡼࡾᵓᡂ
400
ࡉࢀࡿࡓࡵࠊ࣑ࢡࣟࣃࣝࢫࡢࣆ࣮ࢡࣃ࣮࣡ࡣ 0.5
wiggler gap = 33mm
34mm
MW ࢆ㉸࠼ࡿࠋࡇࡢἼ㛗㡿ᇦ࡛ࡣ FEL ௨እࡢග※
350
࡛ࡣᐜ᫆࡟㐩ᡂ࡛ࡁ࡞࠸㧗ฟຊࢆᐇ⌧ࡋ࡚࠸ࡿࠋ௒
35mm
300
ᅇᐇ㝿࡟࣮ࣘࢨ࣮ࡀᐇ㦂࡛฼⏝ྍ⬟࡞ศගᙉᗘࢆ
32mm
ホ౯ࡋࡓࡢ࡛ᅗ 2 ࡟♧ࡍࠋFEL ࡣ㟁Ꮚࣅ࣮࣒࢚ࢿ
36mm
250
ࣝࢠ࣮ࢆᅛᐃࡋࠊ࢘࢕ࢢ࣮ࣛࡢ☢ᴟ㛫㝸ࢆኚ࠼ࡿࡇ
37mm
200
࡜࡛㧗㏿ࡢἼ㛗ᤲᘬࡀྍ⬟࡛࠶ࡿࠋᅗ 2 ࡛ࡣ㟁Ꮚࣅ
࣮࣒ࡢ࢚ࢿࣝࢠ࣮ࢆ 15 MeV ࡛ᅛᐃࡋࠊ☢ᴟ㛫㝸ࢆ
31mm
150
30mm
30mm ࠿ࡽ 41mm ࡲ࡛ 1mm ࢫࢸࢵࣉ࡛ኚ࠼ࡿࡇ
38mm
100
࡜࡛ࠊἼ㛗ࢆ 105 ࠿ࡽ 55 Pm ࡢ⠊ᅖ࡛ኚ໬ࡉࡏ࡚
39mm
࠸ࡿࠋ⏝࠸ࡓศගჾࡣᖹ㠃ᅇᢡ᱁Ꮚ㸦᱁Ꮚᐃᩘ 0.2
50
40mm
grooves/mm㸧ࢆ⏝࠸ࡓࢡࣟࢫࢶ࢙ࣝࢽ࣮ࢱ࣮ࢼ࣮
41mm
0
ᆺ࡛࠶ࡾࠊ᳨ฟჾࡣࢪ࣮࣓࣮ࣗࣝࢱ࡛࠶ࡿࠋFEL ග
40
50
60
70
80
90
100
110
120
ࡣ‽༢Ⰽග࡛࠶ࡾࠊᅗ࡛♧ࡉࢀࡿࡼ࠺࡟ࠊ㏻ᖖ
Wavelength (um)
2~3㸣ࡢࢫ࣌ࢡࢺࣝᖜࢆᣢࡗ࡚࠸ࡿࠋ኱ᙉᗘࡢ༢Ⰽ
ග※ࡣບ㉳ග※࡜ࡋ࡚ࡣඃࢀ࡚࠸ࡿࡀࠊศᯒග※࡜ ᅗ㸰 )(/ ศගᙉᗘ㸦PPࣂࣥࢻᖜ࠶ࡓࡾ㸧ࠋᶓ㍈ࡣἼ㛗㸦PP
ࡋ࡚ࡣ౑࠸࡟ࡃ࠸ࠋࡇࢀࢆᨵၿࡍࡿࡓࡵࠊᡃࠎࡣࠊ ༢఩㸧ࠊ⦪㍈ࡣ࢚ࢿࣝࢠ࣮㸦P- ༢఩㸧ࠋ
࢘࢕ࢢ࣮ࣛ☢ᴟ㛫㝸ࡢኚ໬࡟㐃ືࡋ࡚ᅇᢡ᱁Ꮚࢆ
ᅇ㌿ࡉࡏࡿࡇ࡜࡟ࡼࡾࠊᗈ࠸Ἴ㛗⠊ᅖࢆ㧗࠸Ἴ㛗ศゎ࡛ศග ᐃ࡛ࡁࡿࢩࢫࢸ࣒ࡶ㛤Ⓨࡋࡓࠋ
࣭኱ᙉᗘ 7+] Ἴ฼⏝◊✲
THz-FEL ගࡢ฼⏝ᐇ㦂ࡢ㛤ᣅ࡜฼⏝ಁ㐍ࢆ┠ⓗ࡜
ࡋ࡚ࠊ࢚ࣥࢻࢫࢸ࣮ࢩࣙࣥࡢ ᐃ⿦⨨ࡢᩚഛ࡜ヨ㦂◊
✲ࢆ㐍ࡵ࡚࠸ࡿࠋᮏィ⏬࡛ࡣᅛయ≀ᛶᐇ㦂ࢆ୺㍈࡟ࠊ
㞄᥋ࡍࡿ㉥እ㡿ᇦ୍࡛⯡ⓗ࡟⏝࠸ࡽࢀࡿศගᐇ㦂ࡢከ
ࡃࡢᢏ⾡ࢆ฼⏝ࡋ࡚ᚑ᮶Ḟࡅ࡚࠸ࡓ᝟ሗࢆᚓࡿࡓࡵ࡟
ࡼࡾప࠸࢚ࢿࣝࢠ࣮㡿ᇦ࡛ᐇ㦂ࢆ⾜࡞࠺࡜ྠ᫬࡟ࠊ
FEL ගࡢࣃࣝࢫᛶࠊ㧗㍤ᗘᛶࠊࢥࣄ࣮ࣞࣥࢺᛶ࡞࡝ࡢ
≉㛗ࢆά࠿ࡍᐇ㦂ᡭἲࡢ㛤ᣅࡀ┠ⓗ࡛࠶ࡿࠋ⌧ᅾࡲ࡛
࡟ගᙉᗘࡢࣃࣝࢫẖࡢኚື࠾ࡼࡧ✵㛫ᙉᗘศᕸࢆ 2 ග
᮰ᙉᗘẚ㍑࡜㞟ග⣔ࡢぢ┤ࡋ࡟ࡼࡾඞ᭹ࡋࠊศගᐇ㦂
࡟฼⏝ྍ⬟࡜࡞ࡗ࡚࠸ࡿࠋ23 ᖺᗘࡣ THz-FEL ࡢ≉ᛶ
ࢆ⏕࠿ࡋࡓ↷ᑕࠊศගᐇ㦂ࢆィ⏬ࠊᐇ⾜࡟⛣ࡋࠊ೫ග
≉ᛶࡢࢥࣥࢺ࣮ࣟࣝ㸦┤⥺ࠊ෇㸧࠾ࡼࡧ࢘࢖ࢢ࣮ࣛࢠ
ࣕࢵࣉ࡜ᅇᢡ᱁Ꮚࡢ㐃ື࡟ࡼࡿἼ㛗ࢫ࢟ࣕࣥࡢ⮬ື໬
࡟ᡂຌࡋࡓࠋࡇࢀ࡜୪⾜ࡋ࡚ࠊ᪂ࡓ࡟㉎ධࡋࡓ NEC
THz ࣓࢝ࣛࢆ⏝࠸ࡓ┤᥋࢖࣓࣮ࢪࣥࢢ࡟ࡼࡾࠊᵝࠎ࡞
≀㉁ࡢ THz ≉ᛶࡢホ౯ࢆ㐍ࡵ࡚࠸ࡿࠋ
― 62 ―
ᅗ㸱 7+] ࣓࢝ࣛ࡟ࡼࡗ࡚┤᥋ほᐹࡉࢀࡓ )(/ ගᖸ΅ࣃࢱ
࣮ࣥࡢ୍౛ࠋ7+])(/ ගࡢ㧗࠸ࢥࣄ࣮ࣞࣥࢺᛶࢆ཯ᫎࡋ࡚࠸
ࡿࠋ
㔞Ꮚࣅ࣮࣒≀㉁⛉Ꮫ◊✲ศ㔝
ᩍᤵ ྂ⃝ Ꮥᘯ
ຓᩍ
ᑠᯘ ୍㞝
ຓᩍ
ᒣᮏ ὒ᥹
኱Ꮫ㝔Ꮫ⏕
⸨ᕝ 㯞⏤
a) ᴫせ
༙ᑟయ〇㐀࡟࠾ࡅࡿᴟ➃⣸እගࣜࢯࢢࣛࣇ࢕ࠊ⢏Ꮚ⥺࢞ࣥ἞⒪➼ࠊ௒ᚋ㟁㞳ᨺᑕ⥺㡿ᇦ࡟࠶ࡿ㔞Ꮚࣅ
࣮࣒ࡢ฼⏝ࡀ኱ࡁࡃᒎ㛤ࡋ࡚⾜ࡃࡇ࡜ࡀண᝿ࡉࢀࡿࠋ㔞Ꮚࣅ࣮࣒≀㉁⛉Ꮫ◊✲ศ㔝࡛ࡣ᭱ඛ➃ࡢ㔞Ꮚࣅ
࣮࣒㸦㟁Ꮚ⥺ࠊᴟ➃⣸እගࠊ࣮ࣞࢨ࣮ࠊᨺᑕගࠊX ⥺ࠊ࣐࢞ࣥ⥺ࠊ࢖࢜ࣥࣅ࣮࣒㸧ࢆ฼⏝ࡋ࡚ࠊ㔞Ꮚࣅ
࣮࣒ࡀ≀㉁࡟ᘬࡁ㉳ࡇࡍ໬Ꮫ཯ᛂ࡜཯ᛂሙࡢ◊✲ࢆ⾜ࡗ࡚࠸ࡿࠋ㔞Ꮚࣅ࣮࣒࡟ࡼࡿ≀㉁࡬ࡢ࢚ࢿࣝࢠ࣮
௜୚࠿ࡽࠊ໬Ꮫ཯ᛂࢆ⤒࡚ࠊᶵ⬟Ⓨ⌧࡟⮳ࡿࡲ࡛ࡢ໬Ꮫ཯ᛂࢩࢫࢸ࣒ࡢゎ᫂ࠊᚓࡽࢀࡓ▱ぢ࠿ࡽ᪂つ໬
Ꮫ཯ᛂࢩࢫࢸ࣒ࡢᵓ⠏ࢆ⾜ࡗ࡚࠸ࡿࠋ
b) ᡂᯝ
࣭᭱ඛ➃ (89 ࣜࢯࢢࣛࣇ࢕ࡢ◊✲
ࣜࢯࢢࣛࣇ࢕ᢏ⾡ࡢ㐍Ṍ࡟ࡼࡗ࡚ࠊ⌧ᅾࡢ㔞⏘ࣛ࢖ࣥ࡟࠾࠸࡚⥺ᖜ 40 nm ࢆࡁࡿຍᕤࡀ⾜ࢃࢀ࡚ࡣࡌ
ࡵ࡚࠾ࡾࠊḟୡ௦ࣜࢯࢢࣛࣇ࢕࡛ࡣ 22 nm ௨ୗࡢຍᕤࢆ⣙ 1 nm ࡢ⢭ᗘ࡛⾜࠺ࡇ࡜ࡀせồࡉࢀ࡚࠸ࡿࠋ
༙ᑟయ኱㔞⏕⏘ࣛ࢖࡛ࣥࡣ⏕⏘ᛶࡀồࡵࡽࢀࡿࡓࡵ໬Ꮫቑᖜᆺࣞࢪࢫࢺ࡜࿧ࡤࢀࡿ㧗ឤᗘࣞࢪࢫࢺࡀ
౑ࢃࢀ࡚࠾ࡾࠊ✵㛫ⓗ࡟㧗ရ㉁࠿ࡘ㧗౯࡞㔞Ꮚࣅ࣮࣒࡟ࡼࡾࠊࣞࢪࢫࢺ࡟࢚ࢿࣝࢠ࣮௜୚ࢆ⾜ࡗࡓᚋࠊ
పရ㉁࣭Ᏻ౯࡞⇕࢚ࢿࣝࢠ࣮࡛㓟ゐ፹཯ᛂࢆ㐍⾜ࡉࡏࠊ㧗ゎീ࡜㧗ឤᗘࢆ୧❧ࡋ࡚࠸ࡿࠋࡋ࠿ࡋࠊ໬Ꮫ
཯ᛂࡣ☜⋡࡟ᨭ㓄ࡉࢀࡿࡓࡵࠊീࡢቃ⏺࡟࠾ࡅࡿྍ⁐ศᏊ࡜୙⁐ศᏊࡢศᕸࢆไᚚࡍࡿࡇ࡜ࡣ୙ྍ⬟࡛
࠶ࡾࠊࡑࡢ⤖ᯝࠊ⌧ീᚋࡢࣞࢪࢫࢺࣃࢱ࣮ࣥ࡟ࡣࣛ࢖࢚ࣥࢵࢪࣛࣇࢿࢫ(LER)࡜࿧ࡤࢀࡿቃ⏺ࡢᦂࡽࡂ
ࡀⓎ⏕ࡍࡿࠋࡇࡢᦂࡽࡂࡣࢹࣂ࢖ࢫᛶ⬟ࢆᕥྑࡍࡿࡓࡵࠊḟୡ௦ࣜࢯࢢࣛࣇ࢕㛤Ⓨ࡛኱ࡁ࡞ၥ㢟࡜࡞ࡗ
࡚࠾ࡾࠊࣞࢪࢫࢺ㛤Ⓨ࡟࠾࠸࡚ LER ࡢపῶࡀ᭱㔜せㄢ㢟࡜࡞ࡗ࡚࠸ࡿࠋLER ࡢཎᅉ࡜࡞ࡿ☜⋡ࢆไᚚ
ࡍࡿࡇ࡜ࡣ࡛ࡁ࡞࠸ࡀࠊྍ⁐ศᏊ࡜୙⁐ศᏊࡀΰᅾࡍࡿ
୰㛫㡿ᇦࢆῶᑡࡉࡏࡿࡇ࡜ࡣྍ⬟࡛࠶ࡿࠋࡑࡢࡓࡵ࡟ࡣࠊ
ࣃࢱ࣮ࣥᙧᡂຠ⋡࡟㛵ಀࡍࡿ≀⌮ࣃ࣓࣮ࣛࢱࡢᢳฟࡀ
ࣞࢪࢫࢺᮦᩱࡢ᭦࡞ࡿᨵⰋ࡟ࡣᚲせ୙ྍḞ࡛࠶ࡿࠋࣃࣛ
࣓࣮ࢱࡢᢳฟࡢࡓࡵࡢࣞࢪࢫࢺࣔࢹࣝ࡜ゎᯒᡭἲࢆ㛤
Ⓨࡋࠊࣇ࣮ࣛࣞࣥࣞࢪࢫࢺࢆࡣࡌࡵ࡜ࡋࡓ᭱ඛ➃ EUV
ࣞࢪࢫࢺࡢゎᯒࢆ⾜ࡗࡓࠋᅗ㸯࡟ࣇ࣮ࣛࣞࣥࣞࢪࢫࢺ
㸦ศᏊࣞࢪࢫࢺ㸧ࡢ㟢ග⤖ᯝࢆ♧ࡍࠋࣇ࣮ࣛࣞࣥࣞࢪࢫ
ࢺࡢ LER ࡜໬Ꮫ໙㓄࡜ࡢ㛫ࡢẚ౛ᐃᩘࡣ࣏࣐࣮ࣜᆺࣞ
ࢪࢫࢺࡼࡾᑠࡉ࠸ࡇ࡜ࡀ᫂ࡽ࠿࡟࡞ࡗࡓࠋࡋ࠿ࡋ࡞ࡀࡽࠊ
ࣇ࣮ࣛࣞࣥࣞࢪࢫࢺࡢ໬Ꮫ໙㓄ࡣࠊ㓟Ⓨ⏕ຠ⋡ࡀప࠸ࡇ
࡜ᐇ⾜཯ᛂ༙ᚄࡀᑠࡉ࠸ࡓࡵࠊ࣏࣐࣮ࣜࣞࢪࢫࢺࡼࡾప
࠸ࡇ࡜ࡀࢃ࠿ࡾࠊࡇࢀࡽࡀඞ᭹ࡉࢀࢀࡤࠊࣇ࣮ࣛࣞࣥࣞ
ࢪࢫࢺࡢᛶ⬟ࡀྥୖࡉࢀࡿࡇ࡜ࡀ♧၀ࡉࢀࡓࠋ
ᅗࣛ࢖ࣥ㸤ࢫ࣮࣌ࢫࡢ SEM ⏬ീ
࣭Ț ↷ᑕ࡟ࡼࡿ㔠ᒓࢼࣀ⢏Ꮚࡢ◊✲
㔠ᒓࢼࣀ⢏Ꮚࡣ㔞Ꮚࢧ࢖ࢬຠᯝ࡟ࡼࡗ࡚ࣂࣝࢡᮦᩱ࡜ࡣ␗࡞ࡿ໬Ꮫⓗᛶ㉁࣭≀⌮ⓗᛶ㉁ࢆ♧ࡍࡇ࡜࠿
ࡽࢼࣀࢸࢡࣀࣟࢪ࣮ࡢศ㔝࡛ࡢ᪂つᮦᩱ࡜ࡋ࡚⬮ගࢆᾎࡧ࡚࠸ࡿࠋ⌧ᅾࠊ㔠ᒓࢼࣀ⢏Ꮚࡸ༙ᑟయࢼࣀ⢏
Ꮚࡣࢹ࢕ࢫࣉࣞ࢖ࠊLED ࡞࡝ࡢ㟁Ꮚᮦᩱࢆࡣࡌࡵࠊኴ㝧㟁ụࡢゐ፹ࠊ་⸆ศ㔝࡛ࡢ⺯ග࣐࣮࣮࢝ࠊⰍᮦࠊ
― 63 ―
ග࣑ࣜࢵࢱ࡞࡝ᖜᗈ࠸ᛂ⏝ࡀᮇᚅࡉࢀ࡚࠸ࡿࠋỈ⁐ᾮ୰ࡲࡓࡣ࢔ࣝࢥ࣮
ࣝ⁐ᾮ୰࡛ࡢ㔠ᒓࢼࣀ⢏Ꮚࡢస〇ࡢሗ࿌ࡀ࡞ࡉࢀ࡚࠾ࡾࠊࡑࡢᙧᡂ࣓࢝
ࢽࢬ࣒ࡶ᫂ࡽ࠿࡟ࡉࢀ࡚࠸ࡿࠋ௨๓ࡢ◊✲ࡼࡾࠊ᭷ᶵ⁐፹ࢆỈ⁐ᾮࡢ௦
ࢃࡾ࡟౑⏝ࡍࡿ࡜ࠊࢼࣀ⢏ᏊࡢᏳᐃᛶࡸ໬Ꮫⓗ཯ᛂᛶࡀኚ໬ࡍࡿࡇ࡜ࡀ
᫂ࡽ࠿࡟࡞ࡗ࡚࠸ࡿࠋᮏ◊✲࡛ࡣࠊ࣏࣐࣮ࣜࡀ⁐ࡅࡸࡍ࠸ THF ࢆ⁐ᾮ࡟
㑅ࡧࠊᩘ✀㢮ࡢ࣏࣐࣮ࣜࢆ⁐࠿ࡋ࡚ࢡࣛࢫࢱ࣮Ᏻᐃᛶ࡬ࡢ࣏࣐࣮ࣜ౫Ꮡ
ᛶࠊ⥺㔞ຠᯝࠊ࢖ࢯࣉࣟࣃࣀ࣮ࣝ௜ຍࡢຠᯝࠊࢡࣛࢫࢱ࣮ࢧ࢖ࢬࢆㄪ࡭
ࡿࡇ࡜࡛ THF ⁐ᾮ୰࡛ࡢᙧᡂ࣓࢝ࢽࢬ࣒ࢆ᳨ウࡋࡓࠋTHF ୰࡛ࡶ㖟ࢼࣀ
⢏Ꮚࡀᙧᡂࡍࡿࡇ࡜ࡀ࡛ࡁࡿࡇ࡜ࡀ᫂ࡽ࠿࡟࡞ࡗࡓࠊࡲࡓࠊ࣏࣐࣮ࣜࡢ
✀㢮࡟ࡼࡗ࡚㖟ࢡࣛࢫࢱ࣮ࡢᏳᐃᛶࡀ␗࡞ࡿࡇ࡜ࡀ᫂ࡽ࠿࡟࡞ࡗࡓࠋ
ᅗ㸬㖟ࢼࣀ⢏Ꮚࡢ TEM ⏬ീ
࣭ᨺᑕ⥺↷ᑕ࡟ࡼࡿ㑇ఏᏊᦆയࡢ◊✲
ᨺᑕ⥺↷ᑕ࡟ࡼࡾ DNA ࡀ࢖࢜ࣥ໬ࡉࢀࡿ࡜ࠊ⏕ᡂࡋࡓ࣮࣍ࣝ࠾ࡼࡧ㟁Ꮚࡣࠊ᭱ึ DNA 㙐ࡢ 4 ✀ࡢ
᰾㓟ሷᇶ࡟㠀≉␗ⓗ࡟ࢺࣛࢵࣉࡉࢀࡿࠊࡑࡢᚋࠊᏳᐃ࡞ࢺࣛࢵࣉࢧ࢖ࢺ࡬⛣ືࡋࠊࡑࡢ㒊఩࠿ࡽࡢ཯ᛂ
࡟ࡼࡾᦆയ࠶ࡿ࠸ࡣኚ␗ࡀ࠾ࡇࡿ࡜⪃࠼ࡽࢀ࡚࠸ࡿࠋDNA 㙐ୖ࡟⏕ᡂࡋࡓ࣮࣍ࣝࡣ᭱ࡶ㓟໬㟁఩ࡢప
࠸ࢢ࢔ࢽࣥ(G)࡟⛣ືࡋࠊG+㺃ࡀ࣮࣍ࣝ⛣ືࡢ࢟ࣕࣜ࢔࣮࡜ࡋ࡚ാࡃࡇ࡜ࡀ▱ࡽࢀ࡚࠸ࡿࠋࡑࢀ࡟ᑐࡋ࡚
࢔ࢹࢽࣥ(A)ࡣ G ࡼࡾࡶ㓟໬㟁఩ࡀ㧗࠸࡟ࡶ࠿࠿ࢃࡽࡎࠊ࠸ࡗࡓࢇ A+㺃ࡀ⏕ᡂࡍࡿ࡜ࠊ㊥㞳࡟౫Ꮡࡋ࡞
࠸ຠ⋡Ⰻ࠸࣮࣍ࣝ carrier ࡜ࡋ࡚ാࡃࡇ࡜ࡀᥦၐࡉࢀ࡚࠸ࡿࠋࡑࢀ࡟ᑐࡋ࡚ࠊᡃࠎࡣ DNA 㙐୰࡛ࠊS-stack
ࡋࡓ A ࢲ࢖࣐࣮࢝ࢳ࢜ࣥࣛࢪ࢝ࣝ(AA+㺃)ࡢ㐣Ώࢫ࣌ࢡࢺࣝࢆ࡜ࡽ࠼ࠊAA+㺃ࡀࡑࡢ㟁Ⲵ⛣ືࡢ࢟ࣕࣜ࢔
࣮࡜ࡋ࡚ാ࠸࡚࠸ࡿࡇ࡜ࢆᥦၐࡋࡓࠋ㟁Ⲵࡀ㠀ᒁᅾ໬ࡍࡿࡇ࡜࡟ࡼࡾᏳᐃ໬ࡋ࡚࠸ࡿ࡜⪃࠼ࡽࢀࡿ
S-stack ࡋࡓ A+㺃ࡢ㟁఩࡟ὀ┠ࡋࠊAA+㺃࡜ electron donor ࡜ࡢ㟁Ⲵ⛣ື࡟ࡼࡾࠊAA ࡢ㓟໬㟁఩ࡢ್ࢆồ
ࡵࡓࠋAA+㺃࡜ 1,2,4-trimetoxybenzene (Tbz)࡜ࡢ㟁Ⲵ⛣ື㐣⛬࡟ࡘ࠸࡚ㄪ࡭ࡓࠋࡑࡢ⤖ᯝࠊᖹ⾮ᐃᩘࡣࢲ
࢖࣐࣮ࡢ᪉ࡀᑠࡉࡃࠊAA+㺃ࡢ㑏ඖ㟁఩ࡀప࠸ࡇ࡜ࢆ♧၀ࡋ࡚࠸ࡿࠋࡋ࠿ࡋ࡞ࡀࡽࠊࣔࣀ࣐࣮࡜ࢲ࢖࣐
࣮ࡢ㟁఩ᕪࡣ 10-20 mV ࡋ࠿ぢࡽࢀ࡞࠿ࡗࡓࠋ
࣭ࣃࣝࢫࣛࢪ࢜ࣜࢩࢫἲ࡟ࡼࡿ㓟໬ࢫࢺࣞࢫᛂ⟅㌿෗ᅉᏊࡢᛂ⟅ᶵᵓࡢゎ᫂
⏕యෆ࡛㓟໬ࢫࢺࣞࢫࡀቑຍࡍࡿ࡜ࠊ㜵ᚚࢩࢫࢸ࣒ࡀㄏᑟࡍࡿ⌧
㇟ࡀᗈࡃ⏕≀⏺࡟ぢࡽࢀࡿࠋࡇࡢ㜵ᚚᶵᵓⓎ⌧ࡢไᚚ࡟ࡣ㑇ఏᏊࢆ
ࢫ࢕ࢵࢳon/off࡟ࡍࡿ㌿෗ᅉᏊࡀ㔜せ࡞ᙺ๭ࢆᯝࡓࡋ࡚࠸ࡿࠋ኱⭠
⳦࡟ࡣࠊ㓟໬ࢫࢺࣞࢫ࡟ᛂ⟅ࡋ࡚ാࡃ㌿෗ᅉᏊSoxRࡀᏑᅾࡍࡿࠋ
SoxR ࡣࡑࡢࢭࣥࢧ࣮㒊఩࡟ [2Fe-2S] ࢡࣛࢫࢱ࣮ࢆᣢࡕࠊࡑࡢ㓟໬
㑏ඖ࡟ࡼࡗ࡚㌿෗ไᚚࡉࢀ࡚࠸ࡿࠋࡍ࡞ࢃࡕ SoxR ࡣ⣽⬊ෆ࡛㑏ඖ
ᆺ ([FeS]red) ࡛Ꮡᅾࡋࠊ㓟໬ࢫࢺࣞࢫࡀ࠿࠿ࡿ࡜㓟໬ᆺ ([FeS]ox)
࡟࡞ࡿࠋࡋ࠿ࡋࠊSoxRࡀάᛶࢆᣢࡘᶵᵓ࡟ࡘ࠸࡚ࡣ୙࡛᫂࠶ࡿࠋᡃࠎ
ࡣࠊάᛶ㓟⣲✀࡛࠶ࡿࢫ࣮ࣃ࣮࢜࢟ࢧ࢖ࢻ(O2-)ࡀ┤᥋ SoxR ࡢࢩࢢ
ࢼࣝ࡟࡞ࡾ࠺ࡿࡢ࠿ࣃࣝࢫࣛࢪ࢜ࣜࢩࢫἲ࡟ࡼࡾ᳨ウࡋࡓࠋ⢭〇ࡋ
ࡓ SoxR ࡣ[FeS]ox࡛Ꮡᅾࡍࡿࡀࠊࣃࣝࢫࣛࢪ࢜ࣜࢩࢫἲࢆ⏝࠸ࡿ࡜ࠊ
Ỉ࿴㟁Ꮚ࡟ࡼࡾ㑏ඖࡉࢀ [FeS]red࡜࡞ࡿࠋࡲࡓࠊ㓟⣲Ꮡᅾୗ࡛ࡣỈ
࿴㟁Ꮚࡣ㓟⣲࡜཯ᛂࡋ࡚ O2- ࡀ⏕ᡂࡋࠊ[FeS]red࡜ O2- ཯ᛂࢆㄪ࡭
ᅗ㸬SoxR ࡢ཯ᛂࢫ࣮࣒࢟
ࡿࡇ࡜ࡀ࡛ࡁࡿࠋࣃࣝࢫ↷ᑕᚋࠊࢼࣀ⛊㡿ᇦ࡛[FeS]ox ࡢ 420 nm ௜
ࡇࡢࢫ࣌ࢡࢺࣝኚ໬ࡼࡾࠊSoxR ࡣỈ࿴㟁Ꮚ
㏆ࡢ྾཰ࡀῶᑡࡋࠊ࣑ࣜ⛊㡿ᇦ࡛྾཰ࡢቑຍࡀほᐹࡉࢀࡓࠋࡇ
࡟ࡼࡾ㑏ඖࡉࢀࠊࡑࡢᚋ࣑ࣜ⛊㡿ᇦ࡛㓟໬ࡉࢀࡿࡇ࡜ࡀศ࠿ࡗࡓࠋO2-ศゎ㓝⣲࡛࠶ࡿSODࢆῧຍࡍࡿ࡜ࠊ
᭱ึࡢ㑏ඖ㐣⛬࡟ኚ໬ࡣぢࡽࢀ࡞࠿ࡗࡓࡀࠊ㓟໬㐣⛬ࡀᾘኻࡋࡓࠋࡇࢀࡽࡢ⤖ᯝࡼࡾࠊࣃࣝࢫ↷ᑕᚋࠊ
௨ୗࡢ཯ᛂࡀ㉳ࡇࡗ࡚࠸ࡿࡇ࡜ࡀ☜࠿ࡵࡽࢀࡓࠋ [FeS]red ࡜ O2- ࡢ཯ᛂࡢ஧ḟ㏿ᗘᐃᩘࡣ5× 108 M-1s-1
࡜ồࡵࡽࢀࡓࠋ௨ୖࡢ⤖ᯝࡼࡾࠊO2- ࡣ SoxR ࡢ [2Fe-2S] ࢡࣛࢫࢱ࣮ࢆ┤᥋㓟໬ࡋࠊ㌿෗ᅉᏊ࡜ࡋ࡚ά
ᛶ࡞㓟໬ᆺ࡟ࡍࡿࢩࢢࢼࣝ࡜࡞ࡗ࡚࠸ࡿࡇ࡜ࡀ☜࠿ࡵࡽࢀࡓࠋ
eaqO 2-
+
+
[2Fe-2S]2+
[2Fe-2S] +
+
[2Fe-2S]+
2H+
(1)
H 2O 2
― 64 ―
+
[2Fe-2S]2+
(2)
╙㧟⎇ⓥㇱ㐷㧔↢૕࡮ಽሶ⑼ቇ♽㧕
᭎ⷐ
ᧄ⎇ⓥㇱ㐷ߪ‫ޔ‬ᡷ⚵೨ߩ↢૕ᔕ╵⑼ቇ⎇ⓥㇱ㐷ߣᯏ⢻ಽሶ⑼ቇ⎇ⓥㇱ㐷ࠍᲣ૕ߣߒߚ↢૕⑼ቇ♽⎇ⓥ
ಽ㊁߅ࠃ߮ಽሶ⑼ቇ♽⎇ⓥಽ㊁߆ࠄߥࠆ⎇ⓥㇱ㐷ߢ‫ޔ‬ബ⿠ಽሶൻቇ‫ޔ‬ᯏ⢻‛⾰ൻቇ‫♖ޔ‬ኒ೙ᓮൻቇ‫ޔ‬ක
⮎ຠൻቇ‫↢ޔ‬૕⸅ᇦ⑼ቇ‫↢ޔ‬૕ᖱႎ೙ᓮቇ‫↢ޔ‬૕ಽሶᯏ⢻⑼ቇ⎇ⓥಽ㊁ߩ㧣⎇ⓥಽ㊁ߢ᭴ᚑߐࠇߡ޿ࠆ‫ޕ‬
↢૕⑼ቇ♽ߦ߅޿ߡߪ‫ޔߢ߹ࠇߎޔ‬㉂⚛ߩ᭴ㅧߣ⸅ᇦᯏ⢻‫ޔ‬ᖱႎฃኈߣ೙ᓮ‫⚦ޔ‬⢩ౝᖱႎવ㆐‫⤑ޔ‬ャ
ㅍ‫ޔ‬ㆮવሶ⊒⃻೙ᓮߥߤ↢‛ߦߣߞߡᦨ߽ၮᧄ⊛ߥ෻ᔕߩಽሶᯏ᭴ࠍ⸃᣿ߔߴߊ⎇ⓥࠍㅴ߼ߡ߈ߚ‫৻ޕ‬
ᣇ‫ޔ‬ಽሶ⑼ቇ♽ߦ߅޿ߡߪ‫ޔ‬ಽሶൻቇߩၮ␆߆ࠄᔕ↪ߦ෸߱ᄙ᭽ߥ⎇ⓥࠍၮ⋚ߣߒߡ‫᦭ޔ‬ᯏൻቇ‫‛ޔ‬ℂ
ൻቇ‫⸅ޔ‬ᇦൻቇ‫⴫ޔ‬㕙ൻቇ‫ࡓ࡯ࡆޔ‬ൻቇ‫᧚ޔ‬ᢱൻቇ‫↢ߪߦࠄߐޔ‬૕ᯏ⢻ߩಽሶൻቇ⊛⸃᣿ߥߤߦ߽⎇ⓥ
ࠍዷ㐿ߒߡ߈ߚ‫⎇ᧄޕ‬ⓥㇱ㐷ߢߪ‫ޔ‬ฦ⎇ⓥಽ㊁ߩ⁛⥄ߩ⎇ⓥࠍߐࠄߦᷓൻߐߖࠆߎߣࠍၮᧄߣߒߟߟ‫ޔ‬
↢૕⑼ቇߣಽሶ⑼ቇߩᣂߚߥⲢว⎇ⓥߩഃᚑ߽⋡ᜰߒߡ޿ࠆ‫ޕ‬
ᢎ⢒㕙ߢߪ‫ޔ‬ℂቇ⎇ⓥ⑼㧔ൻቇኾ᡹‫⑼‛↢ޔ‬ቇኾ᡹㧕‫ޔ‬Ꮏቇ⎇ⓥ⑼㧔ᔕ↪ൻቇኾ᡹‫ޔ‬ᔕ↪↢‛Ꮏቇኾ
᡹㧕‫⮎ޔ‬ቇ⎇ⓥ⑼㧔ಽሶ⮎⑼ቇኾ᡹㧕
‫↢߮ࠃ߅ޔ‬๮ᯏ⢻⎇ⓥ⑼߆ࠄᄢቇ㒮ቇ↢ࠍฃߌ౉ࠇߡ߅ࠅ‫ޔ‬ᐢ޿ⷞ
㊁ࠍᜬߟ⎇ⓥ⠪ߩ⢒ᚑࠍ⋡ᜰߒߡ޿ࠆ‫ޕ‬
― 65 ―
ບ㉳ศᏊ໬Ꮫ◊✲ศ㔝
ᩍᤵ
┿ᔱ ဴᮁ
෸ᩍᤵ
⸨ሯ Ᏺࠊᕝ஭ Ύᙪ
ຓᩍ
❧ᕝ ㈗ኈ
≉௵ᩍᤵ ᮡᮏ ᫭
≉௵ຓᩍ ᓲ ṇ໕
≉௵◊✲ဨ
ᮌᮧ ᕦ
Ꮫ᣺እᅜே≉ู◊✲ဨ
Zhenfeng Bian
኱Ꮫ㝔Ꮫ⏕
ᮔ ‶ᐓࠊ㔠 Ỉ⦕ࠊᯘ ග㞝ࠊ⡿⃝ ᬛஅࠊ▼ᕝ 㯞⏤ెࠊ㐂ᆏ ᶞဢ
஦ົ⿵బဨ
ᐩỌ ᪩ⱑ
a) ᴫせ
ᮏศ㔝ࡣࠊග࠾ࡼࡧᨺᑕ⥺࡟ࡼࡾㄏ㉳ࡉࢀࡿບ㉳ศᏊ໬Ꮫ࡜ᶵ⬟ศᏊ໬Ꮫࢆᇶ┙࡜ࡋ࡚ࠊࣅ࣮࣒ไᚚ
໬ᏛࡸศᏊ࣭཯ᛂሙไᚚ໬Ꮫࡢᡭἲࢆ⏝࠸ࡓ᪂ࡋ࠸ࠕࣅ࣮࣒ᶵ⬟໬Ꮫࠖࡢ◊✲ࢆ⾜ࡗ࡚࠸ࡿࠋࣅ࣮࣒ไ
ᚚ໬Ꮫ࡜ࡣ✵㛫ⓗ࣭᫬㛫ⓗ࡟ไᚚࡋࡓከ✀ከᵝ࡞ࣅ࣮࣒ࡢ」ྜ↷ᑕ࡟ࡼࡗ࡚ࠊồࡵࡿ཯ᛂάᛶ✀࣭୰㛫
యࢆ㏲ḟⓗࠊᒁᡤⓗࠊ㑅ᢥⓗ࡟Ⓨ⏕ࡉࡏࠊ࠿ࡘࡑࢀࡽࡢ࢚ࢿࣝࢠ࣮ࢆไᚚࡍࡿࡇ࡜࡟ࡼࡗ࡚ࠊ཯ᛂࢆไ
ᚚࡍࡿࡇ࡜࡛࠶ࡿࠋࡲࡓࠊ࣐ࣝࢳࣅ࣮࣒ࡢ฼⏝࡟ࡼࡗ࡚ࠊ᪂ࡋ࠸཯ᛂάᛶ✀ࡢⓎ⏕࡜ࠊࡑࢀ࡟ࡼࡿ᪂ࡋ
࠸཯ᛂ࣭ࣉࣟࢭࢫࡸ」ྜ཯ᛂ࡬ࡢᒎ㛤ࡀྍ⬟࡛࠶ࡿࠋศᏊ࣭཯ᛂሙไᚚ໬Ꮫ࡜ࡣࠊศᏊタィࡉࢀࡓ཯ᛂ
ᇶ㉁㸦DNAࠊࢱࣥࣃࢡ㸧ࠊ㉸ศᏊࠊ࣓ࢰࢫࢥࣆࢵࢡศᏊ࡞࡝ࡢศᏊሙࡸࠊẼయ࣭ᾮయ࣭ᅛయࠊ⾲㠃ࠊⷧ
⭷ࠊᾮᬗ࡞࡝࠿ࡽ࡞ࡿ」ྜ⣔ࠊከᡂศ⣔ࠊᾮయᕼ࢞ࢫࠊᴟప ࡞࡝ࡢ཯ᛂሙࡢ❧యⓗ࣭㟁Ꮚⓗ࣭ᵓ㐀ⓗ࣭
໬Ꮫⓗᛶ㉁ࢆ฼⏝ࡍࡿࡇ࡜࡟ࡼࡗ࡚ࠊ཯ᛂࢆไᚚࡍࡿࡇ࡜࡛࠶ࡿࠋ
ࠕࣅ࣮࣒ᶵ⬟໬Ꮫࠖࡢ┠ᣦࡍ᪉ྥࡣࠊ
㧗ḟඖ཯ᛂไᚚࠊ᪂ྜᡂ໬Ꮫࠊ᪂ᶵ⬟ᛶศᏊ࣭㧗ᶵ⬟ᛶᮦᩱ࡬ࡢᒎ㛤࡛࠶ࡿࠋ
b) ᡂᯝ
࣭࣐ࣝࢳࣅ࣮࣒໬Ꮫ
ᏳᐃศᏊ࡬ࡢ➨㸯ࡢࣅ࣮࣒㸦࣮ࣞࢨ࣮ࣃࣝࢫࡲࡓࡣ㟁Ꮚ⥺ࣃࣝࢫ㸧↷ᑕ࡟ࡼࡗ࡚⏕ᡂࡉࡏࡓ▷ᑑ࿨ά
ᛶ✀ࢆฟⓎศᏊ࡜ࡋࠊࡇࢀࡢ྾཰࡟ྜࢃࡏࡓἼ㛗ࡢ➨㸰ࡢ࣮ࣞࢨ࣮ࣃࣝࢫࢆ↷ᑕࡍࡿࡇ࡜࡟ࡼࡿ㸰ẁ㝵
ບ㉳ࣅ࣮࣒໬Ꮫࠊࡉࡽ࡟ࠊ➨㸰ࡢ࣮ࣞࢨ࣮཯ᛂ࡛⏕ᡂࡋࡓ▷ᑑ࿨άᛶ✀࡟➨㸱ࡢ࣮ࣞࢨ࣮ບ㉳ࢆࡍࡿࡇ
࡜࡛㉳ࡇࡿ㸱ẁ㝵ບ㉳ࣅ࣮࣒໬Ꮫࢆㄪ࡭ࡿࡇ࡜ࡀ࡛ࡁࡿࠋࡇࡢࡼ࠺࡞ࠊ」ᩘࡢࣅ࣮࣒ࢆྠᮇⓎ᣺ࡉࡏࡓ
ከẁ㝵ບ㉳ἲ࡟ࡼࡗ࡚཯ᛂ୰㛫య࣭▷ᑑ࿨άᛶ✀ࢆཎᩱ࡜ࡍࡿග໬Ꮫࠊ▷ᑑ࿨άᛶ✀ࡢගບ㉳≧ែࡸ㧗
ບ㉳≧ែࡢືⓗᣲື࡞࡝ࡢ࣐ࣝࢳࣅ࣮࣒໬Ꮫ࡟ࡘ࠸࡚◊✲ࢆ⾜ࡗ࡚࠸ࡿࠋ௒ᖺᗘࡣࠊ㧗ບ㉳≧ែ≀ᛶࡢ
᭦࡞ࡿ᳨ウࢆ㐍ࡵࠊ%2',3< 㢮ࡢ 6 ⺯ග≀ᛶ࠾ࡼࡧෆ㒊㌿᥮㐣⛬ࢆ᳨ウࡋࡓࠋࡉࡽ࡟ࠊᫍ≧ ROLJRIOXRUHQH
㢮ࡢ )UDQFN&RQGRQ ≧ែ࠿ࡽࡢᵓ㐀⦆࿴㏿ᗘࢆ㐣Ώ྾཰࠾ࡼࡧ⺯ගῶ⾶ࢆồࡵࡿࡇ࡜࡟ࡼࡾᐇ ࡋࠊ⌮
ㄽ࡜ࡢẚ㍑ࡼࡾᵓ㐀⦆࿴㐣⛬࡛ IOXRUHQH ࡢᖹ㠃໬ࡀ㔜せ࡛࠶ࡿࡇ࡜ࢆ☜ㄆࡋࡓࠋࡑࡢ௚ࠊගᶵ⬟ᛶ㉸
ศᏊࡢࢲ࢖ࢼ࣑ࢡࢫ࡟㛵㐃ࡋࠊ࣏ࣝࣇ࢕ࣜࣥ␗ᛶయ㉸ศᏊࡢ෌㓄ྥ࢚ࢿࣝࢠ࣮ࡢ᳨ウࡸ '1$ ෆ࡛ࡢ㈇㟁
Ⲵ⛣ືࢲ࢖ࢼ࣑ࢡࢫࡢゎ᫂࡞࡝ࢆ⾜ࡗࡓࠋ
࣭DNA ୰ࡢ࣮࣍ࣝ⛣ືᶵᵓ
DNA ࡣ G-CࠊA-T ஧✀㢮ࡢሷᇶᑐ࡟ࡼࡾᵓ G x
ᡂࡉࢀ࡚࠸ࡿࠋDNA ୰࡟⏕ࡌࡓṇ㟁Ⲵࡣࠊ㐃
⥆ࡋࡓ A-T 㛫࠾ࡼࡧ G-C 㛫ࢆ㧗㏿࡟⛣ືࡍࡿ 0.10
0.26
ࡢ࡟ᑐࡋ㸦>109 s1㸧1)ࠊA-T ࠾ࡼࡧ G-C ሷᇶᑐ
0.44
ࡀΰࡊࡗࡓ㓄ิ࡛ࡣ㟁Ⲵ⛣ື㏿ᗘࡣⴭࡋࡃప
ୗࡍࡿࠋᡃࠎࡣࡇࢀࡲ࡛ࠊA ࢆࢹ࢔ࢨ࢔ࢹࢽࣥ ǻHOMO-level
ࡸࢪ࢔࣑ࣀࣉࣜࣥ㸦D㸧࡟⨨ࡁ᥮࠼ࠊ஧✀㢮ࡢ
― 66 ―
X
G
6
aP
A
bA
I
0.48
0.78
log kht
X
T
7
8
ሷᇶᑐ㛫ࡢ HOMO ࣞ࣋ࣝࢠࣕࢵࣉࢆ⦰ᑠࡍࡿࡇ࡜࡟ࡼࡾࠊࣛࣥࢲ࣒㓄ิ୰ࡢ㟁Ⲵ⛣ື㏿ᗘࢆ㧗㏿໬࡛
ࡁࡿࡇ࡜ࢆሗ࿌ࡋࡓżᮏᖺࠊ✀ࠎࡢ HOMO ࣞ࣋ࣝࢆ᭷ࡍࡿࠊኳ↛࠾ࡼࡧಟ㣭᰾㓟ሷᇶࢆ⏝࠸࡚ࠊྠ୍㙐
ୖࡢ᰾㓟ሷᇶ㛫ࡢ HOMO ࣞ࣋ࣝࢠࣕࢵࣉࡀ DNA ෆ㟁Ⲵ⛣ື㏿ᗘ࡟୚࠼ࡿᙳ㡪ࢆㄪ࡭ࡓࠋDNA ෆ㟁Ⲵ
⛣ື㏿ᗘࡣࠊHOMO ࣞ࣋ࣝࢠࣕࢵࣉࡢῶᑡ࡟క࠸㧗㏿໬ࡍࡿࡇ࡜ࡀࢃ࠿ࡗࡓࠋࡲࡓࠊHOMO ࣞ࣋ࣝࢠ
ࣕࢵࣉࢆㄪ⠇ࡍࡿࡇ࡜࡟ࡼࡾࠊDNA ෆ㟁Ⲵ⛣ື㏿ᗘࢆ 3 ᱆࡟ࢃࡓࡾไᚚྍ⬟࡛࠶ࡿࡇ࡜ࡀ♧ࡉࢀࡓż
࣭༢୍ศᏊศගἲ࡟ࡼࡿගゐ፹཯ᛂᶵᵓࡢゎ᫂
ගゐ፹ࢆࡣࡌࡵ࡜ࡍࡿᶵ⬟ᛶࢼࣀᮦᩱࡢ཯ᛂᶵᵓࢆ༢୍ศᏊ࠾ࡼࡧ༢୍⢏Ꮚ࡛ࣞ࣋ࣝ⌮ゎࡍࡿࡇ࡜
࡛ࠊᇶ♏Ꮫ⌮ࡢ✲᫂ࡣࡶࡕࢁࢇࡢࡇ࡜ࠊ᪂ࡓ࡞ᮦᩱ࣭ᢏ⾡ࢆ㛤Ⓨࡍࡿタィᣦ㔪ࡀᚓࡽࢀࡿࡶࡢ࡜ᮇᚅࡉ
ࢀࡿࠋᡃࠎࡣࠊ⊂⮬࡟㛤Ⓨࡋࡓ㑏ඖ཯ᛂᛂ⟅ᆺ⺯ගࣉ࣮ࣟࣈࢆ⏝࠸ࡓ༢୍ศᏊ⺯ගほᐹ࡟ࡼࡾࠊ࢔ࢼࢱ
࣮ࢮᆺ TiO2 ⤖ᬗ࡟࠾ࡅࡿගゐ፹㑏ඖ཯ᛂࢆ༢୍ศᏊ࡛ࣞ࣋ࣝࡑࡢሙほ ࡋࠊ཯ᛂ࡟࠾ࡅࡿ⤖ᬗ㠃㑅ᢥᛶ
ࢆ᫂ࡽ࠿࡟ࡋࡓࠋTiO2 ⤖ᬗ࡟⣸እගࢆ↷ᑕࡍࡿࡇ࡜࡛ࠊ⺯ගࣉ࣮ࣟࣈࡢ⺯ගᛶ⏕ᡂ≀࠿ࡽࡢ༢୍ศᏊ⺯
ගࡀ⤖ᬗୖ࡛ほ ࡉࢀࡓࠋ⺯ග㍤Ⅼࡢ୰ᚰ఩⨨ࢆゎᯒࡍࡿࡇ࡜࡛ࠊ཯ᛂάᛶࢧ࢖ࢺࡢ✵㛫ศᕸ࡟ࡘ࠸࡚
ㄪ࡭ࡓ⤖ᯝࠊ{101}㠃࡛ࡣ{001}㠃࡜ẚ࡭ࠊ༢఩㠃✚࠶ࡓࡾࡼࡾከࡃࡢ཯ᛂάᛶࢧ࢖ࢺࡀᏑᅾࡋ࡚࠸ࡿࡇ
࡜ࡀࢃ࠿ࡗࡓࠋࡇࢀࡣࠊ⤖ᬗ㠃࡟ࡼࡿఏᑟᖏ‽఩ࡢ㐪࠸࡟ࡼࡿ㟁Ꮚᤕᤊຠ⋡ࡢ㐪࠸࡟㉳ᅉࡍࡿࠋࡲࡓࠊ
཯ᛂ㢖ᗘ࠾ࡼࡧ⺯ග㍤Ⅼࡢᣢ⥆᫬㛫ࡢ⺯ගࣉ࣮ࣟࣈ⃰ᗘ౫Ꮡᛶࡢᐇ㦂࠿ࡽࠊศᏊ྾╔࣭ゎ㞳ࡢࢲ࢖ࢼ࣑
ࢡࢫࡣ⤖ᬗࡢ⾲㠃ᵓ㐀࡜ᐦ᥋࡟㛵ಀࡋ࡚࠸ࡿࡇ࡜ࡀ᫂ࡽ࠿࡟࡞ࡗࡓࠋ
࣭QRQ%'1$ ࡢᵓ㐀ኚ໬ࡢࢲ࢖ࢼ࣑ࢡࢫ㻌
⒴䜢Ⓨ⏕䛥䛫䜛䝍䞁䝟䜽㉁䛾 㻰㻺㻭 䜔⒴㑇ఏᏊ 㻰㻺㻭 䛾ᮎ➃㒊఩䛷䛒䜛 㼠㼑㼘㼛㼙㼑㼞㼑 䛷䛿≉ᐃ䛾ሷᇶ㓄ิ䛜ከ䛟
ほ 䛥䜜䛶䛔䜛䚹䛭䛾ሷᇶ㓄ิ䛾୰䛷཯᚟ⓗ䛺䝅䝖䝅䞁䠄㻯䠅㓄ิ䛿䚸㼜㻴㻌 㻢 ௨ୗ䛷 㻯 䛾䝥䝻䝖䞁໬䛻䜘䛳䛶䚸
㼕㻙㼙㼛㼠㼕㼒 䛸࿧䜀䜜䜛 㻰㻺㻭 ᅄ㔜㙐ᵓ㐀䜢䛸䜛䚹ᡃ䚻䛿䚸䝔䝻䝯䜰㓄ิ䛷䛒䜛 㼐䠄㻯㻯㻯㻔㼀㻭㻭㻯㻯㻯㻕㻟䠅䛾 㻰㻺㻭㻌㻞㻝㻙㼙㼑㼞 ୍
ᮏ㙐䛾୧ᮎ➃䛻 㻲㻾㻱㼀 Ⰽ⣲䝨䜰䜢ಟ㣭䛧䛯ᚋ䚸㻲㻾㻱㼀䠄⺯ගඹ㬆䜶䝛䝹䜼䞊⛣ື䠅䛸⺯ග┦㛵ศගἲ䠄㻲㻯㻿䠅䜢
฼⏝䛧䛶 㼕㻙㼙㼛㼠㼕㼒 ᅄ㔜య䛾ᙧᡂ䛻䛚䛡䜛཯ᛂᶵᵓ䛸䝎䜲䝘䝭䜽䝇䜢༢୍ศᏊ䝺䝧䝹䛸ከᩘศᏊ⣔䛷◊✲䛧䛯䚹
㼕㻙㼙㼛㼠㼕㼒 䛿䚸⁐ᾮ䛾 㼜㻴 䛻౫Ꮡ䛧䛯ᅄ㔜㙐ᵓ㐀௨እ䛻䜒䚸㒊ศⓗ䛻ᢡ䜚␚䜎䜜䛯ᵓ㐀䜢ᣢ䛴␗ᛶయ䜢䛸䜛䛣䛸䛜☜
ㄆ䛥䜜䛯䚹㼕㻙㼙㼛㼠㼕㼒㻌 䛾ᵓ㐀ኚ໬䛻䜘䜛 㻰㻺㻭 䛾ᣑᩓᐃᩘ䛜 㼜㻴 䛾ቑຍ䛸䛸䜒䛻ᚎ䚻䛻ኚ໬䛩䜛䛣䛸䛛䜙䚸㼕㻙㼙㼛㼠㼕㼒 䛾
ᵓ㐀ኚ໬䛻క䛖 㻰㻺㻭 䛾ᙧ䜔 㻰㻺㻭 䛸Ỉ䛾┦ዲస⏝㻌 㻔㼔㼥㼐㼞㼍㼠㼕㼛㼚䠅䛜ኚ໬䛩䜛䛣䛸䛜♧၀䛥䜜䛯䚹䜎䛯䚸㼕㻙㼙㼛㼠㼕㼒 䛾
㼕㼚㼠㼞㼍㼏㼔㼍㼕㼚㻌㼏㼛㼚㼠㼍㼏㼠㻌㼒㼛㼞㼙㼍㼠㼕㼛㼚㻌 䜒䛧䛟䛿 㼐㼕㼟㼟㼛㼏㼕㼍㼠㼕㼛㼚 䛜 㼛㼜㼑㼚㻌㼒㼛㼞㼙 䛾䛭䜜䜙䛻ẚ䜉䛶䠑㻙䠍䠌ಸ㏿䛟㉳䛣䜛䛣䛸䜢ぢฟ䛧
䛯䚹䛥䜙䛻䚸㼜㻴 䛸 㼏㼛㼞㼍㼘㼥㼚㼑 䛾Ꮡᅾ䛻䜘䛳䛶ᙧᡂ䛩䜛䝫䝸䜰䝕䝙䞁㻔㼜㼛㼘㼥㻔㼐㻭㻕㻕⮬ᕫ㞟ྜయ䛾ᵓ㐀䜢☜ㄆ䛧䚸༢୍ศ
Ꮚ䝺䝧䝹䛷䛿ศᏊෆ 㻭䠖㻭 ሷᇶᑐ䜢ᣢ䛱⦰䜣䛰ᵓ㐀䛾 㻿㻙㻲㼛㼞㼙㻌㻔㻿㼔㼞㼡㼚㼗㼑㼚㻌㻲㼛㼞㼙㻕䛾Ꮡᅾ䜢Ⓨぢ䛧䛯䚹
― 67 ―
ᶵ⬟≀㉁໬Ꮫ◊✲ศ㔝
ᩍᤵ
෸ᩍᤵ
ຓᩍ
༤ኈ◊✲ဨ
኱Ꮫ㝔Ꮫ⏕
Ꮫ㒊Ꮫ⏕
஦ົ⿵బဨ
➲஭ ᏹ᫂
⃝ ᚸ
ᕷཎ ₶Ꮚࠊ➉୰ ࿴ᾈ
Volodymyr Semeniuchenko㸦㹼ᖹᡂ 23 ᖺ 8 ᭶ 31 ᪥㸧ࠊ
Sridharan VellaisamyࠊMohanta Suman Chandraࠊ
Gabr Randa Kassem Mohamed㸦㹼ᖹᡂ 23 ᖺ 12 ᭶ 31 ᪥㸧
᱒ᒣ ㈗⨾Ꮚࠊᖹ⏣ ಟ୍ࠊYogesh Daulat Dhageࠊ⛅⏣ ୕ಇࠊ㧗㇂ ಟᖹࠊLulu Fanࠊ
Tue Minh-Nhat Nguyenࠊᯘ ㈼௒ࠊIsmiyarto㸦ᖹᡂ 23 ᖺ 10 ᭶ 1 ᪥㹼㸧
Arteaga Arteaga Fernando㸦ᖹᡂ 23 ᖺ 10 ᭶ 1 ᪥㹼㸧ࠊ
André Grossmann㸦ᖹᡂ 23 ᖺ 9 ᭶ 30 ᪥㹼12 ᭶ 22 ᪥㸧ࠊ
ᐙ႐ ೺ኴࠊ▼ᆏ ཭㤶ࠊྜྷ⏣ Ὀᚿࠊ㉿ ෤ᯘࠊMaria Odaise Silva dos Santosࠊ
ᑠᑎ ⣧ᖹࠊᑠᯘ ຬኴ
Ọ⏣ ె኱
Ώ㎶ ፬⨾ୡ㸦㹼ᖹᡂ 23 ᖺ 9 ᭶ 15 ᪥㸧ࠊᮏከ ⥤㤶㸦ᖹᡂ 23 ᖺ 11 ᭶ 1 ᪥㹼㸧
a) ᴫせ
୙ᩧゐ፹ࡣࠊᴟᚤ㔞ࡢ౑⏝࡟ࡼࡾ་⸆ရཎᩱ࡞࡝ࡢ᭷⏝࡞ගᏛάᛶ໬ྜ≀ࢆ኱㔞࡟౪⤥࡛ࡁࡿࠋ㝈ࡾ
࠶ࡿ㈨※ࢆ᭷ຠ࠿ࡘ᭱኱㝈࡟ά࠿ࡋࠊ⎔ቃởᰁ≀㉁ࡢ᤼ฟࢆᢚไࡍࡿࡓࡵ࡟ࡣࠊᐇ⏝ⓗ࡞㧗άᛶ୙ᩧゐ
፹ࡢ㛤Ⓨࡀ᭱㔜せㄢ㢟ࡢ 1 ࡘ࡜࡞ࡗ࡚࠸ࡿࠋᙜ◊✲ศ㔝࡛ࡣࠊ᪂ࡋ࠸ゐ፹ⓗ୙ᩧྜᡂἲࡢ㛤Ⓨ࡜ࡑࡢ཯
ᛂ࣓࢝ࢽࢬ࣒ࡢゎ᫂࡟✚ᴟⓗ࡟ྲྀࡾ⤌ࡳࠊ㓝⣲ⓗ࡞స⏝ᶵᗎ࡛ാࡃከᶵ⬟࡞୙ᩧゐ፹ࡢ㛤Ⓨ࡟ᡂຌࡋ࡚
࠸ࡿࠋ᪤Ꮡゐ፹ࡢ༢⣧࡞୙ᩧ໬࡜ࡣ␗࡞ࡿ᪂ࡋ࠸άᛶ໬ᶵᵓࢆᇶ┙࡜ࡍࡿ᪂つ཯ᛂࡢ㛤ᣅⓗ◊✲࡛࠶ࡿࠋ
⌧ᅾࠊࡇࢀࡽከᶵ⬟୙ᩧゐ፹ࡢᅛᐃ໬ࠊᙉᅛ࡞㦵᱁࡟ᇶ࡙ࡃຠᯝⓗ୙ᩧ⎔ቃࢆ᭷ࡍࡿ᪂つගᏛάᛶ㓄఩
Ꮚ࡞ࡽࡧ࡟᭷ᶵศᏊゐ፹ࡢタィ࣭๰ฟࢆ㔜Ⅼⓗ࡟᥎㐍ࡋ࡚࠸ࡿࠋ
b) ᡂᯝ
࣭୙ᩧ Rauhut–Currier ཯ᛂࡢ㛤Ⓨ࡜ Į̺࣓ࢳ̺ࣞࣥȖ̺ࣈࢳࣟࣛࢡࢺࣥྜᡂ࡬ࡢᛂ⏝
Rauhut–Currier㸦RC㸧཯ᛂࡣࠊࣝ࢖ࢫሷᇶࢆゐ፹࡜ࡍࡿάᛶ࢔ࣝࢣࣥࡢ஧㔞໬཯ᛂ࡛࠶ࡿࠋᮏ཯ᛂࡣ
ከẁ㝵࡛࠶ࡿୖ࡟ࠊᚊ㏿ẁ㝵࡟Ⅳ⣲㸫Ⅳ⣲⤖ྜࡢࢫࢸࢵࣉ࡜ࡑࢀ࡟⥆ࡃࣉࣟࢺࣥ⛣ືࡢࢫࢸࢵࣉࡀ㛵ࢃ
ࡗ࡚࠸ࡿࡓࡵࠊ୙ᩧ཯ᛂ࡬ࡢᒎ㛤ࡣᅔ㞴࡛࠶ࡗࡓࠋ௒ᅇࠊ஧㔜άᛶ໬ᆺ᭷ᶵศᏊゐ፹࡟ࡼࡿ
Morita–Baylis–Hillman ᆺ཯ᛂࡢⓎᒎ࡜ࡋ࡚ࠊ୙ᩧศᏊෆ RC ཯ᛂࡢ㛤Ⓨࢆ⾜ࡗࡓࠋD̺࣓ࢳ̺ࣞࣥJ̺ࣈ
ࢳࣟࣛࢡࢺࣥࡣࠊከࡃࡢኳ↛⸆⌮άᛶ≀㉁࡟ぢࡽࢀࡿ᭷⏝࡞㒊ศ㦵᱁࡛࠶ࡿࠋࡑࡇ࡛ࠊ୙ᩧศᏊෆ RC
཯ᛂࢆᇶ┙࡜ࡋ࡚ࠊ஧⎔ᘧ D̺࣓ࢳ̺ࣞࣥJ̺ࣈࢳࣟࣛࢡࢺࣥ໬ྜ≀ 2 ࡢᵓ⠏ࢆᅗࡗࡓࠋ࢔ࢡ࣮ࣜࣞࢺ
㒊఩࡜ࢪ࢚ࣀࣥ㒊఩ࢆ᭷ࡍࡿᇶ㉁ 1 ࡣࠊᏳ౯࡛ධᡭᐜ᫆࡞ࣇ࢙ࣀ࣮ࣝㄏᑟయࡲࡓࡣࣃࣛ࣋ࣥࢰ࢟ࣀࣥ࠿
ࡽ 2 ᕤ⛬࡛ྜᡂ࡛ࡁࡓࠋᮏ୙ᩧศᏊෆ RC ཯ᛂࢆ☜❧ࡍࡿࡓࡵ࡟ᵝࠎ࡞ゐ፹ࢆ᳨ウࡋࡓ⤖ᯝࠊࣂࣜࣥ࠿
ࡽㄏᑟࡉࢀࡿ㓟㸫ሷᇶᆺゐ
፹ 3 ࡀ᭷ຠ࡛࠶ࡿࡇ࡜ࢆぢ
ฟࡋࡓࠋࡍ࡞ࢃࡕࠊࢡࣟࣟ࣍
࣒ࣝ⁐፹୰ (S)-3 ࢆゐ፹࡜
ࡋ࡚⏝࠸ࡿ࡜ 1 ࡢ⎔໬ࡀຠ
⋡Ⰻࡃ㐍⾜ࡋࠊ┠ⓗ⎔໬య 2
ࢆ᭱㧗 99% ཰⋡ࠊ࢚ࢼࣥࢳ
࢜㑅ᢥᛶ 98% ee ࡛ᚓࡿࡇ࡜
ᅗ 1 㓟ሷᇶ᭷ᶵศᏊゐ፹ࢆ⏝࠸ࡿ୙ᩧศᏊෆ Rauhut–Currier ཯ᛂ
࡟ᡂຌࡋࡓ㸦ᅗ 1㸧ࠋ
― 68 ―
࣭࢟ࣛࣝ㓄఩Ꮚ SPRIX ࡢᨵⰋ࡟ྥࡅࡓ i-Pr-SPRIX ࡢᵓ㐀≉ᛶゎ᫂
ᙜ◊✲ᐊ࡛㛤Ⓨࡋࡓ࢟ࣛࣝ㓄఩Ꮚࢫࣆࣟࣅࢫ࢖ࢯ࢜࢟ࢧࢰࣜࣥ㸦SPRIX㸧ࡣࠊ᪤Ꮡࡢ㓄఩Ꮚ࡟ࡣ࡞࠸
≉ᚩⓗ࡞཯ᛂಁ㐍ຠᯝࢆ♧ࡍࠋ࡞࠿࡛ࡶࠊ4 ࡘࡢ i-Pr ᇶࢆᣢࡘ i-Pr-SPRIX ࡣࠊᵝࠎ࡞୙ᩧ Pd ゐ፹཯ᛂ
࡟࠾࠸࡚㧗࠸࢚ࢼࣥࢳ࢜㑅ᢥᛶࢆ♧ࡍࠋᡃࠎࡣࠊࡼࡾඃࢀࡓ SPRIX ࢆ㛤Ⓨࡍࡿࡓࡵ࡟ࡣࠊi-Pr-SPRIX ࡢ
≉ᛶࢆ⌮ゎࡍࡿᚲせࡀ࠶ࡿ࡜
⪃࠼ࡓࠋࡑࡇ࡛ࠊ࢖ࢯ࢜࢟ࢧࢰ
ࣜࣥ⎔ 5 ఩࡟࠶ࡿ i-Pr ᇶࡢ❧య
ࢆไᚚࡋࡓ anti-i-Pr-SPRIX ࡜
syn-i-Pr-SPRIX ࢆタィ࣭ྜᡂࡋࠊ
ࡑࢀࡽࡢᶵ⬟ࢆホ౯ࡍࡿࡇ࡜
࡛ i-Pr-SPRIX ࡢᵓ㐀ⓗ≉ᛶࡢ
ゎ᫂ࢆヨࡳࡓࠋX ⥺ᵓ㐀ゎᯒࡸ
ゐ፹཯ᛂ࡬ࡢ㐺⏝ࢆ㏻ࡋ࡚
i-Pr ᇶࡀ࢚ࢼࣥࢳ࢜㑅ᢥᛶ࡟
࠾ࡼࡰࡍຠᯝࢆ⢭ᰝࡋࡓ⤖ᯝࠊ
i-Pr-SPRIX ࡛ࡣࠗinterlock ᶵᵓ࠘
࡟ࡼࡾྠ୍Ⅳ⣲ཎᏊ࡟⤖ྜࡋ
ࡓ 2 ࡘࡢ i-Pr ᇶࡀ༠ㄪⓗ࡟స⏝
ࡋຠᯝⓗ࡞୙ᩧ⎔ቃࢆᵓ⠏ࡋ
࡚࠸ࡿࡇ࡜ࢆ᫂ࡽ࠿࡟ࡋࡓࠋࡉ
ࡽ࡟ NMR ᐇ㦂࠿ࡽࠊᶫ㢌఩Ỉ
⣲࡟ᑐࡋ࡚ cis ఩࡟࠶ࡿ i-Pr ᇶ
ᅗ 2 ྛ SPRIX ࡢ X ⥺ᵓ㐀࡜ i-Pr-SPRIX ࡢ୙ᩧ⎔ቃ
ࡀ࣮࢟ࣞࢺ㓄఩࡟㔜せ࡛࠶ࡿ
ࡇ࡜ࡶぢ࠸ࡔࡋࡓ㸦ᅗ 2㸧ࠋ
࣭㖡ゐ፹ࢆά⏝ࡍࡿ࢟ࣛࣝࢫࣆࣟ㦵᱁ࡢ⡆౽ᵓ⠏ἲࡢ㛤Ⓨ
ࡇࢀࡲ࡛࡟ᡃࠎࡣࠊࣃࣛࢪ࣒࢘ゐ፹࡟ࡼࡿⅣ⣲㸫❅⣲⤖ྜᙧᡂ཯ᛂࢆά⏝ࡋࡓ࢟ࣛࣝࢫࣆࣟ㦵᱁ࡢ࢚
ࢼࣥࢳ࢜㑅ᢥⓗᵓ⠏࡟ᡂຌࡋ࡚࠸ࡿࠋ௒ᅇࠊ᪂ࡓ࡞࢟ࣛࣝࢫࣆࣟ໬ྜ≀ࡢຠ⋡ⓗ๰〇ࢆ┠ᣦࡋࠊ1,3̺ࣉ
ࣟࣃࣥࢪ࢔࣑ࣥㄏᑟయ 4 ࢆᇶ㉁࡟⏝࠸࡚
᳨ウࢆ⾜ࡗࡓ⤖ᯝࠊᏳ౯࡞㖡ゐ፹ࡀᮃࡳ
ࡢศᏊෆࢲࣈࣝ⎔໬࡟᭷ຠ࡛࠶ࡿࡇ࡜ࢆ
ぢ࠸ࡔࡋࡓࠋࡍ࡞ࢃࡕࠊCuI ࡜ N,N’̺ࢪ࣓
ࢳ࢚ࣝࢳࣞࣥࢪ࢔࣑ࣥࢆゐ፹㔞⏝࠸ࠊ
K3PO4 Ꮡᅾୗ 4 ࢆ DMF ⁐፹୰࡛ຍ⇕᧠ᢾ
ࡋࡓ࡜ࡇࢁࠊศᏊෆࢲࣈࣝⅣ⣲㸫❅⣲⤖
ᅗ 3 㖡ゐ፹ࢆά⏝ࡍࡿࢫࣆࣟࣅ࢟ࣀࣜࣥ 5 ࡢຠ⋡ⓗྜᡂ
ྜᙧᡂ཯ᛂࡀ෇⁥࡟㐍⾜ࡋࠊࢫࣆࣟࣅࢸ
ࢺࣛࣄࢻࣟ࢟ࣀࣜࣥ 5 ࡀ࡯ࡰᐃ㔞ⓗ࡟ᚓ
ࡽࢀࡓ㸦ᅗ 3㸧ࠋ
࣭࢔ࣃࢱ࢖ࢺࢆ⏝࠸ࡓ⎔ቃ࡟ࡸࡉࡋ࠸⢊య㓟໬཯ᛂࢩࢫࢸ࣒
㐣㓟໬Ỉ⣲ࢆ⏝࠸ࡓ⎔ቃ࡟ࡸࡉࡋ࠸ࠊ͆⢊య㓟໬཯ᛂࢩࢫࢸ࣒㸦ࣀࣥࣁࣛ࢖ࢺ㸧͇ࢆ㛤Ⓨࡋࡓࠋ⎔ቃ
࡟ప㈇Ⲵ࡞࢔ࣃࢱ࢖ࢺ⢊య࡟ࠊཎᩱ࢔ࣝࢣࣥ࡜㐣㓟໬Ỉ⣲ࢆⁱࡳ㎸ࡲࡏࠊ᭷ᶵ⁐፹ࣇ࣮ࣜࡢ⢊య≧ែ࡛
཯ᛂࡉࡏ࡚ࠊ࢚࣏࢟ࢩࢻࢆྜᡂࡍࡿ࡜࠸࠺᪂つྜᡂἲ࡛࠶ࡿࠋ㟁Ꮚᮦᩱ⏝ࡢ㧗ᶵ⬟࢚࣏࢟ࢩᶞ⬡࡟ࡣࣁ
ࣟࢤࣥࣇ࣮ࣜࡢ࢚࣏࢟ࢩ໬ྜ≀ࡀồࡵࡽࢀ࡚࠸ࡿࡀࠊ⌧⾜ྜᡂἲ࡛ࡣᑐᛂ࡛ࡁ࡚࠸࡞࠸ࠋࡇࡢ⢊య㓟໬
཯ᛂࢩࢫࢸ࣒ࢆ⏝࠸࡚ࠊࣁࣟࢤࣥࣇ࣮࢚࣏ࣜ࢟ࢩ໬ྜ≀ࢆ⡆౽࡟ຠ⋡Ⰻࡃྜᡂ࡛ࡁࡓࠋゐ፹ࢆྵࡴࣀࣥ
ࣁࣛ࢖ࢺ⢊ᮎ┦ࡣ཯ᛂ࡟౑⏝ᚋᅇ཰ࡋ࡚⧞ࡾ㏉ࡋ࣮ࣜࣘࢫ࡛ࡁࡓࠋ࣮ࣜࣘࢫࢆ 20 ᅇ௨ୖ⾜ࡗ࡚ࡶゐ፹
άᛶࡢపୗࡣぢࡽࢀࡎࠊࣀࣥࣁࣛ࢖ࢺࡢ࣮ࣜࣘࢫᛶࡀ㧗࠸ࡇ࡜ࡀ᫂ࡽ࠿࡟࡞ࡗࡓࠋᐇ⏝໬࡟ྥࡅ࡚⢊య
཯ᛂࡢࢫࢣ࣮ࣝ࢔ࢵࣉᢏ⾡ࢆ᳨ウ୰࡛࠶ࡿࠋ
― 69 ―
⢭ᐦไᚚ໬Ꮫ◊✲ศ㔝
ᩍᤵ
෸ᩍᤵ
ຓᩍ
≉௵ຓᩍ
≉௵◊✲ဨ
኱Ꮫ㝔Ꮫ⏕
◊✲⿵ຓဨ
஦ົ⿵బဨ
୰㇂
ᇽ㔝
ⴗཎ
⚟⃈
ᮧ⏣
ᱵᮏ
⚄ᒣ
ὠ⏣
ᮌᮧ
▮ཱྀ
࿴ᙪ
୺⛯
ṇつࠊṊ஭ ྐᜨ
ᓅ㞝
ளἋᏊࠊࣛࢽ ࣞࢩ࣐ࣗ㸦2011.11 ᥇⏝㸧
リ⧊ࠊὥ ᫀᓠࠊཌぢ ᐂᚿࠊᰘ⏣ ▱⠊ࠊ㝞 ᭝㸦2011.9 ༞ᴗ㸧ࠊ
࠸࡙ࡳࠊᑠ⏣㒊 ᑲᗈࠊᡞ⏣ ┿᲍Ꮚࠊ┿႐ᚿ ⤀࿃ࠊ㝞 ⹒௝ࠊ
ဴဢࠊᏵ ᫴ࠊࣘ ᨵᨵࠊᯇᮏ ဏ
┿㈗ࠊཎ⏣ ᜤᯞࠊ㡲㈅ ள▮Ꮚ㸦2011.10 ᥇⏝㸧ࠊᕝ➃ ⨾✑㸦2012.2 ᥇⏝㸧
ⓒྜᏊ
a) ᴫせ
ᙜศ㔝࡛ࡣࠊ᭷ᶵྜᡂ໬Ꮫࢆᇶ┙࡜ࡋ࡚ࠊࢣ࣑࢝ࣝࣂ࢖࢜ࣟࢪ࣮࡜ࢼࣀࢸࢡࣀࣟࢪ࣮ࢆᣦྥࡋࡓ◊✲
ࢆ㐍ࡵ࡚࠸ࡿࠋࢣ࣑࢝ࣝࣂ࢖࢜ࣟࢪ࣮࡟㛵ࡋ࡚ࡣࠊ᰾㓟≉␗ᵓ㐀ࡢㄆ㆑࡜㑇ఏᏊⓎ⌧ไᚚ࡟↔Ⅼࢆ⤠ࡾࠊ
㸯㸧࣑ࢫ࣐ࢵࢳሷᇶᑐ≉␗ⓗ࡞పศᏊ᭷ᶵࣜ࢞ࣥࢻࡢศᏊタィ࡜ࠊ㸰㸧ศᏊ⏕≀Ꮫⓗᡭἲࢆ⏝࠸ࡓ RNA
࢔ࣉࢱ࣐࣮๰ฟࡢᑐᴟⓗ࡞஧ࡘࡢ᪉ྥ࠿ࡽ࢔ࣉ࣮ࣟࢳࡋ࡚࠸ࡿࠋ୍᪉ࠊ㹁ࠊHࠊ㹍ࠊ㹌ࠊP ࡢྛඖ⣲࠿
ࡽ࡞ࡿ DNA ࡣࠊ㑇ఏᏊ࡜ࡋ࡚㔜せ࡛࠶ࡿࡤ࠿ࡾ࡛࡞ࡃࠊࡽࡏࢇᵓ㐀ࢆ⮬Ⓨⓗ࡟ᙧᡂࡍࡿᴟࡵ࡚≉ᚩⓗ
࡞᭷ᶵ໬ྜ≀࡜ᤊ࠼ࡿࡇ࡜ࡀฟ᮶ࡿࠋࢼࣀࢸࢡࣀࣟࢪ࣮࡟࠾ࡅࡿ⢭ᐦᮦᩱ࡜ࡋ࡚ࡢ㧗ᗘ฼⏝ࢆ㐍ࡵࡿࡓ
ࡵ࡟ࠊ᰾㓟ࡢ཯ᛂᛶࡸ≀ᛶࡢゎ᫂ࠊ໬Ꮫಟ㣭࡟ࡼࡿ᪂つ≀ᛶࡢ⋓ᚓࢆ┠ᣦࡋ࡚࠸ࡿࠋ
b) ᡂᯝ
࣭ࢩࢺࢩࣥࣂࣝࢪ࡬࢔ࣆࣥࣉࣛ࢖࣐࣮ࢆ⏝࠸ࡓ⡆౽࡞㑇ఏᏊኚ␗᳨
RNA
ฟἲ
㑇ఏᏊࡢኚ␗ࢆ㎿㏿࡟᳨ฟࡍࡿᡭἲࡀࠊࢸ࣮࣓࣮ࣛࢻ་⒪ࢆᨭ࠼
Reverse transription
ࡿ᰿ᖿᢏ⾡࡜ࡋ࡚ᮇᚅࡉࢀ࡚࠸ࡿࠋᙜ◊✲ᐊ࡛ࡣࠊ࣑ࢫ࣐ࢵࢳࡸࣂ
C
5' hairpin primer
ࣝࢪᵓ㐀࡟≉␗ⓗ࡟⤖ྜࡍࡿᑠศᏊࢆ⏝࠸ࡓ㑇ఏᏊኚ␗᳨ᰝᢏ⾡ࢆ
3'
ᥦ᱌ࡋ࡚ࡁࡓ㸦࡬࢔ࣆࣥࣉࣛ࢖࣐࣮3&5 ἲࠊ+3Ѹ3&5 ἲ㸧ࠋ௒ᅇࡣ '1$
DNA template
ࡔࡅ࡛࡞ࡃ 51$ ࢆᶆⓗ࡟ࡋࡓ +3Ѹ3&5 ἲࡢ᳨ウࢆ⾜ࡗࡓࠋᶆⓗ࡜ࡍࡿ
DANP
C
5'
51$ ࢆࢸࣥࣉ࣮ࣞࢺ࡜ࡋ࡚㸯ࢳ࣮ࣗࣈෆ࡛ࠊ࣊࢔ࣆࣥࣉࣛ࢖࣐࣮ࢆ
taq polymerase
3'
౑࠸㏫㌿෗ࡑࡋ࡚ +3Ѹ3&5 ࢆ㐃⥆࡛⾜࠺࡜ࠊ3&5 ๓ᚋ࡛ࡢ⺯ගᙉᗘࡢ
኱ࡁ࡞ኚ໬ࡀほ ࡉࢀࡓࠋࡇࢀࡣ㏫㌿෗ࠊ3&5 ඹ࡟Ⰻዲ࡟㐍⾜ࡋ࡚
C
PCR
࠸ࡿࡇ࡜ࢆ♧၀ࡍࡿࠋࢸࣥࣉ࣮ࣞࢺ࡜࡞ࡿ 51$ ࡢ㔞࡟ࡘ࠸࡚ࡶ
IPRO ⛬ᗘࡲ࡛ࡢ᳨ฟࡀྍ⬟࡛࠶ࡿࠋࡇࡢ +33&5 ἲࢆ౑ࡗࡓ 51$
ࡢ᳨ฟࡣࠊ3&5 ࢳ࣮ࣗࣈෆ࡟඲࡚ࢆΰྜࡋ࡚ 3&5 ࡀ࠿ࡅࡽࢀࡿ࡜࠸
࠺ࠊᴟࡵ࡚⡆౽࡞ᡭἲ࡛࠶ࡿࠋ໬Ꮫ⤖ྜ࡛ࣛ࣋ࣝࡋࡓࠊࣉ࣮ࣟࣈࡶ
C
G
ᚲせ࡜ࡋ࡞࠸ࡢ࡛ࠊࣉࣛ࢖࣐࣮ࡢタィࡶ⡆༢࡟࠾ࡇ࡞࠺ࡇ࡜ࡀྍ⬟
࡛࠶ࡿࠋ௒ᚋࡇࡢ᪉ἲࡣ⡆౽࠿ࡘࠊ㧗ឤᗘ࡞࢘࢖ࣝࢫ᳨ฟἲ࡬ᛂ⏝㸬 RT-HP-PCR method
ᒎ㛤ࡀᮇᚅ࡛ࡁࡿࠋ
࣭51$ࣜ࢞ࣥࢻࡢ┦஫స⏝ࢆ᳨ฟࡍࡿ⺯ගࢹ࢕ࢫࣉࣞ࢖ࢫ࣓ࣥࢺ࢔ࢵࢭ࢖
㠀⩻ヂ RNA(ncRNAs)ࡣࠊⓎ⏕ࡸศ໬ࠊࡀࢇ໬࡞࡝ᩘከࡃࡢ⏕࿨⌧㇟࡟㛵ࢃࡗ࡚࠸ࡿࠋncRNA ࡟⤖
ྜࡋ࡚ࡑࡢᶵ⬟ࢆ㜼ᐖࡲࡓࡣಁ㐍ࡍࡿࡼ࠺࡞పศᏊ໬ྜ≀ࡀ࠶ࢀࡤࠊncRNA ᶵ⬟ࢆࡼࡾヲࡋࡃㄪ࡭ࡽ
ࢀࡿࠋࡲࡓࠊncRNA ࢆᶆⓗ࡜ࡋࡓ๰⸆࡟ࡶࡘ࡞ࡀࡿࠋᡃࠎࡣࠊRNA-ࣜ࢞ࣥࢻࡢ┦஫స⏝ࢆ᳨ฟࡍࡿ᪉
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ἲ࡜ࡋ࡚ࠕ⺯ගࢹ࢕ࢫࣉࣞ࢖ࢫ࣓ࣥࢺ࢔ࢵࢭ࢖ἲࠖࢆ
㛤Ⓨࡋ࡚࠸ࡿࠋࡇࡢ࢔ࢵࢭ࢖࡛ࡣࠊ2, 7 ఩⨨᥮ࡢ࢟ࢧ
ࣥࢺࣥㄏᑟయ㸦X2S㸧ࢆ⺯ගᣦ♧⸆࡜ࡋ࡚⏝࠸ࡿࠋX2S
ࡣࠊRNA ࡜⤖ྜࡍࡿ࡜⺯ගࡀᾘගࡉࢀࡿࡀࠊࣜ࢞ࣥ
ࢻࡢῧຍ࡞࡝࡟ࡼࡾࣜ࢞ࣥࢻ࡜⨨ࡁ᥮ࢃࡗ࡚ RNA ࠿
ࡽ㐟㞳ࡍࡿ࡜ࠊ⺯ගࡀᅇ᚟ࡍࡿࠋࡇࡢ⺯ගࢹ࢕ࢫࣉࣞ
࢖ ࢫ ࣓ ࣥ ࢺ ࢔ ࢵ ࢭ ࢖ ࢆ ⏝ ࠸ ࡚ ࠊ 」 ᩘ ࡢ
ncRNA(pre-miRNA)࡟⤖ྜࡍࡿࡢ᪂つపศᏊࣜ࢞ࣥ
ࢻࢆ໬ྜ≀ࣛ࢖ࣈࣛࣜ࠿ࡽぢ࠸ࡔࡋࡓࠋࡲࡓࠊ≉ᐃࡢ
pre-miRNA ࡟⤖ྜࡍࡿపศᏊ໬ྜ≀ࢆࠊ኱つᶍ໬ྜ
⺯ගࢹ࢕ࢫࣉࣞ࢖ࢫ࣓ࣥࢺ࢔ࢵࢭ࢖
≀ࣛ࢖ࣈࣛࣜ࠿ࡽ High-throughput ࡟᥈⣴ࡋࠊ࠸ࡃ
ࡘ࠿ࡢೃ⿵໬ྜ≀ࢆぢ࠸ࡔࡋ࡚࠸ࡿࠋᚓࡽࢀࡓೃ⿵໬ྜ≀ࢆ in silico ࡛ࡢࣂ࣮ࢳࣕࣝࢻࢵ࢟ࣥࢢࢩ࣑ࣗ
࣮ࣞࢩࣙࣥ࡟࡚⤖ྜࢆホ౯ࡍࡿ࡜ඹ࡟㸪⣽⬊⣔࡛ࡢ࢔ࢵࢭ࢖࡟࡚ホ౯ࡋ࡚࠸ࡿࠋ
࣭⺯ගࢹ࢕ࢫࣉࣞ࢖ࢫ࣓ࣥࢺ࢔ࢵࢭ࢖ࢆ⏝࠸ࡓ኱つᶍ໬ྜ≀ࣛ࢖ࣈࣛࣜࡢࢫࢡ࣮ࣜࢽࣥࢢ
㏆ᖺࠊᶵ⬟ᛶ㠀⩻ヂ RNA㸦ncRNA㸧ࡣⓎ⏕ࡸศ໬ࠊ
ࡀࢇ࡞࡝ࠊከࡃࡢ⏕࿨⌧㇟࡟㛵ࢃࡗ࡚࠸ࡿࡇ࡜ࡀ᫂ࡽ
࠿࡟࡞ࡗ࡚࠾ࡾࠊncRNA ࢆᶆⓗ࡜ࡋࡓ๰⸆ࡢྍ⬟ᛶ
ࡀᮇᚅࡉࢀ࡚࠸ࡿࠋᡃࠎࡣࡇࢀࡲ࡛࡟ࠊRNA ࡜ࣜ࢞
ࣥࢻࡢ┦஫స⏝ࢆ᳨ฟࡍࡿࠊ⺯ගࢹ࢕ࢫࣉࣞ࢖ࢫ࣓ࣥ
ࢺ࢔ࢵࢭ࢖ࡢ㛤Ⓨ࡟ྲྀࡾ⤌ࢇ࡛ࡁࡓࠋࡇࡢ࢔ࢵࢭ࢖ࢆ
኱つᶍ໬ྜ≀ࣛ࢖ࣈࣛࣜࡢࢫࢡ࣮ࣜࢽࣥࢢ࡟㐺⏝ࡋࠊ
ncRNA ࡢ୍✀࡛࠶ࡿ miRNA ๓㥑య㸦pre-miRNA㸧
࡟⤖ྜࡍࡿ໬ྜ≀ࡢ᥈⣴ࢆ⾜ࡗࡓࠋ⺯ගᣦ♧⸆࡜ࡋ࡚
ࢳ࢜࢟ࢧࣥࢺࣥㄏᑟయ X2SS ࢆ⏝࠸ࠊ10 ✀㢮ࡢ
pre-miRNA ࡟ᑐࡋ࡚㸪9600 ✀ࡢ໬ྜ≀ࢆࢫࢡ࣮ࣜࢽ
ࣥࢢࡋࡓࠋࡑࡢ⤖ᯝࠊpre-mRNA ࡜┦஫స⏝ࡋ࠺ࡿ࠸ࡃࡘ࠿ࡢೃ⿵໬ྜ≀ࡀぢࡘ࠿ࡗࡓࠋࡲࡓࠊࡑࢀࡽ
ࡢࣄࢵࢺ໬ྜ≀⣽⬊ෆ࡛ miRNA ࡜໬ྜ≀ࡢ┦஫స⏝ࢆ᳨ฟࡍࡿ࣏࣮ࣞࢱ࣮࢔ࢵࢭ࢖ࡢᵓ⠏ࢆ᳨ウࡋࡓࠋ
࣭పศᏊ໬ྜ≀࡟ࡼࡾㄏ㉳ࡉࢀࡿ '1$ ࣮ࣝࣉ㛫┦஫స⏝
୍⯡ⓗ࡞஧ᮏ㙐ᙧᡂ࡟ࡼࡽ࡞࠸ DNAࠊRNA ࡢ㧗ḟᵓ㐀ࡣࠊncRNA ࡟௦⾲ࡉࢀࡿከᵝ࡞⣽⬊ෆ᰾㓟ᶵ
⬟࡟㔜せ࡛࠶ࡾࠊ᪂ࡋ࠸ DNA ࢼࣀᵓ㐀ᵓ⠏せ⣲࡜ࡋ࡚ࡶὀ┠ࡉࢀ࡚࠸ࡿࠋᡃࠎࡣ᰾㓟࣮ࣝࣉ㛫ࡢ┦஫
స⏝࡟↔Ⅼࢆᙜ࡚ࠊேᕤపศᏊ໬ྜ≀࡟ࡼࡿ࣮ࣝࣉ㛫⤖ྜࡢไᚚࢆヨࡳࡓࠋ࣮ࣝࣉ㛫⤖ྜࡣ RNA ࡛ࡣ
㔜せ࡞ᵓ㐀ᅉᏊ࡜ࡋ୍࡚⯡ⓗ࡛࠶ࡿࡀࠊDNA ࡛ࡣ࡯࡜ࢇ࡝▱ࡽࢀ࡚࠸࡞࠸ࠋࢼࣇࢳࣜࢪࣥࢸࢺ࣐࣮ࣛ
>ㄽᩥ @
NCT ࡀࠊDNA ࣮ࣝࣉ࣮ࣝࣉ┦஫స⏝ࢆᏳᐃ໬ࡍࡿࡇ࡜ࢆ᫂ࡽ࠿࡟ࡋࡓࠋ>
࣭&**&** 㓄ิ࡜ ࡢ⤖ྜ㔞ㄽ࡛ᙉᅛ࡟⤖ྜࡍࡿ᪂つᑠศᏊࣜ࢞ࣥࢻ
ᡃࠎࡀࡇࢀࡲ࡛࡟㛤Ⓨࡋ࡚ࡁࡓ DNA ࣑ࢫ࣐ࢵࢳ࡟⤖ྜࡍࡿᑠศᏊ
ࣜ࢞ࣥࢻࡢከࡃࡣࠊᶆⓗ㓄ิ࡟ᑐࡋ࡚஧ศᏊࡀ⤖ྜࡍࡿࡇ࡜࡟ࡼࡾࠊ
㠀ᖖ࡟Ᏻᐃ࡞」ྜయࢆᙧᡂࡍࡿࠋ௒ᅇࠊ⤖ྜぶ࿴ᛶࡢྥୖࡸ⤖ྜᐃ
㔞ゎᯒ࡟ࡴࡅ࡚ࠊᶆⓗ DNA ࣑ࢫ࣐ࢵࢳ㓄ิ࡟ᑐࡋ࡚ 1:1 ࡛⤖ྜࡍ
ࡿࢼࣇࢳࣜࢪࣥࢸࢺ࣐࣮ࣛᆺࡢ᪂つᑠศᏊࣜ࢞ࣥࢻࢆタィ࣭ྜᡂࡋ
ࡓࠋ㸲ࡘࡢࢼࣇࢳࣜࢪࣥࢆ⤖ࡪ࣮ࣜࣥ࢝ᵓ㐀ࢆ✀ࠎྜᡂࠊ᭱㐺໬ࢆ
⾜ࡗࡓ࡜ࡇࢁࠊ๛┤࡞ࢫࢳࣝ࣋ࣥᆺ࣮ࣜࣥ࢝ࢆ᭷ࡍࡿ NCTS ࡀ 1:1
ࡢ⤖ྜ㔞ㄽ࡛ࠊ᭱ࡶᏳᐃ࠿ࡘ㧗㑅ᢥⓗ࡞⤖ྜ≉ᛶࢆ♧ࡋࡓࠋNCTS
࡛ࡣ๛┤࡞ࢫࢳ࣮ࣝ࣋ࣥࣜࣥ࢝ࡀ”pre-organize”࡞ᵓ㐀ࢆ୚࠼ࠊᶆⓗ࣑ࢫ࣐ࢵࢳ㓄ิ࡜ࡢ」ྜయᙧᡂࡀ
࢚ࣥࢺࣟࣆ࣮ⓗ࡟᭷฼࡜࡞ࡿࠋᮏ◊✲ࡢᥦ♧ࡍࡿ NCTS ᆺࡢศᏊタィࡣࠊࡉࡲࡊࡲ࡞ᶆⓗ᰾㓟࡜ᙉᅛ࡟
⤖ྜࡍࡿ᪂ࣜ࢞ࣥࢻ㛤Ⓨ࡟ྥࡅ࡚᭷⏝࡛࠶ࡿࠋ>>ㄽᩥ @
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་⸆ရ໬Ꮫ◊✲ศ㔝
ᩍᤵ
෸ᩍᤵ
ຓᩍ
኱Ꮫ㝔Ꮫ⏕
Ꮫ㒊Ꮫ⏕
◊✲⏕
ᢏ⾡⿵బဨ
஦ົ⿵బဨ
ຍ⸨ ಟ㞝
኱⚄⏣ ῟Ꮚ
᪂⏣ Ꮧࠊᒣཱྀ ಇ㑻ࠊ㛤ⓐ 㑥ᏹ
⃝⏣ ៅ஧㑻ࠊ୸ᒣ ཭⌮Ꮚࠊ኱ᾆ ༓᫂ࠊⳢ㔝 ᑲࠊ㧗ᶫ 㐨Ꮚࠊ࿘ ᛱீࠊ
㘥ᮏ 㯞⾰ࠊ᪩▮௙ ᜣᏊࠊ⡿ᒣ ᚭ
▼⏣ Ⰻ඾
⋤ ㎮Ᏹ㸦2011.10.01㹼㸧
ᯇᮧ ᾈ௦ࠊኴ⏣ ࠶ࡎࡉ
୹㔝 ⨾㕥㸦2011.10.16㹼㸧
a) ᴫせ
ᙜ◊✲ศ㔝ࡣࠊ་⸆ရࡢࢩ࣮ࢻ࣭࣮ࣜࢻ໬ྜ≀ࡢ๰〇࠾ࡼࡧ⸆≀࡜⸆≀ཷᐜయ࡜ࡢ┦஫స⏝࡞࡝་⸆
ရࡢస⏝ᶵᵓゎ᫂ࢆ◊✲┠ⓗ࡜ࡋ࡚࠸ࡿࠋࡇࡢ┠ⓗ㐩ᡂࡢࡓࡵ࡟ࠊ⸆๣ࢆ⏝࠸ࡓࢣ࣑࢝ࣝࢤࣀ࣑ࢡࢫ࡟
ࡼࡿࢱࣥࣃࢡ㉁ࡢᶵ⬟ゎᯒ࡜ࠊࡑࡢ⤖ᯝ࡟ᇶ࡙ࡃ๰⸆ࢆ┠ᣦࡋࠊ≉࡟ࠊࢱࣥࣃࢡ㉁ࡢࣜࣥ㓟໬㸫⬺ࣜࣥ
㓟໬㐣⛬ࡢไᚚࢆ୺ࡓࡿ◊✲ᶆⓗ࡜ࡍࡿࠋࡲࡓࠊࢱࣥࣃࢡ㉁⾲㠃ࢆᶆⓗ࡜ࡍࡿ㜼ᐖ๣࣭ኚㄪ๣ࡢ๰〇࡟
ྲྀࡾ⤌ࡳࠊ๰⸆࡟ྥࡅࡓ᪂ᡭἲࡢᥦ᱌ࢆ┠ᣦࡍࠋࡉࡽ࡟ࠊ⥳Ⲕ୺ᡂศ࢚ࣆ࢞ࣟ࢝ࢸ࣮࢟ࣥ࢞ࣞࢺ㸦EGCG㸧
࡞࡝ࡢ࣏ࣜࣇ࢙ࣀ࣮ࣝࡢ⬡⫫㓟ㄏᑟయࢆ⏝࠸ࡓឤᰁ⑓ཎయࡢ୙ά໬ࡸ࣌ࣉࢳࢻ᰾㓟࡟ࡼࡿ㑇ఏᏊゎ
ᯒ࣭㑇ఏᏊⓎ⌧ไᚚ࡟ࡶྲྀ⤌ࢇ࡛࠸ࡿࠋ
b) ᡂᯝ
࣭ࣁ࢖࣏࢟ࢩ࢔㸦ప㓟⣲⎔ቃ㸧㑅ᢥⓗ࡟⣽⬊ቑṪᢚไస⏝ࢆ♧ࡍࣇࢩࢥࢡࢩࣥㄏᑟయࡢᢠࡀࢇάᛶ
ᡂ㛗ࡋࡓࡀࢇ⣽⬊ෆ㒊ࡣప㓟⣲ୗ⎔ቃ࡟࠶ࡾࠊ᪁ᵝ࡞㡿ᇦ࡟Ꮡᅾࡍࡿࡀࢇ⣽⬊ࡀ໬Ꮫ⒪ἲࡸᨺᑕ⥺⒪
ἲ࡟᢬ᢠᛶࢆ♧ࡍࡇ࡜ࡀ᫂ࡽ࠿࡟ࡉࢀࠊࡀࢇ἞⒪࡟࠾ࡅࡿࣁ࢖࣏࢟ࢩ࢔㸦ప㓟⣲⎔ቃ㸧ࡢ㔜せᛶࡣࠊ㞴
἞ᛶࡸ෌Ⓨࡢせᅉ࡜ࡋ࡚ㄆ㆑ࡉࢀ࡚࠸ࡿࠋ㏫࡟ࠊ
௚ࡢṇᖖ⤌⧊ࡀࣀࣝࣔ࢟ࢩ࢔㸦ṇᖖ㓟⣲⃰ᗘ⎔
ቃ㸧࡟࠶ࡿࡇ࡜࠿ࡽࠊࣁ࢖࣏࢟ࢩ࢔㑅ᢥⓗ⣽⬊ẘ
ᛶࡣࡀࢇ⤌⧊㑅ᢥⓗ໬Ꮫ⒪ἲ࡟࡞ࡾ࠺ࡿ࡜ゝ࠼ࠊ
ࡑ࠺ࡋࡓάᛶࢆ᭷ࡍࡿ⸆๣ࡢ㛤Ⓨ࡟⯆࿡ࡀᣢࡓ
ࢀ࡚࠸ࡿࠋ
ඛ࡟ศ໬ㄏᑟάᛶࢆᣦᶆ࡟ᢠࡀࢇ๣ೃ⿵໬ྜ
≀࡜ࡋ࡚ኳ↛ࢪࢸࣝ࣌ࣥ㓄⢾య࣭ࣇࢩࢥࢡࢩࣥ H
࠿ࡽ༙ྜᡂⓗ࡟ᑟ࠸ࡓㄏᑟయ࣭ISIR-042 ࡀࠊ༢๣
࡛ MCF-7㸦ஙࡀࢇ⣽⬊㸧ࡸ MIAPaCa-2㸦⮅⮚ࡀࢇ
⣽⬊㸧࡟ᑐࡋ࡚ࠊࣁ࢖࣏࢟ࢩ࢔㑅ᢥⓗ࡟ቑṪᢚไ
ຠᯝࢆ♧ࡍࡇ࡜ࡀ᫂ࡽ࠿࡟࡞ࡗࡓࠋᐇ㝿ࠊISIR-042
ࡣࠊࣁ࢖࣏࢟ࢩ࢔ㄏᑟᅉᏊ࣭HIF-1ȘࡢⓎ⌧ࢆᢚ ᅗ㸯,6,5 ࡢ໬Ꮫᵓ㐀࡜༢๣࡛ࡢࡀࢇ⣽⬊ቑṪᢚไຠᯝࠋ
ไࡍࡿࠋࡉࡽ࡟ࠊMIAPaCa-2 ᢸ⒴࣐࢘ࢫࣔࢹࣝ࡟ ୖᅗ㸸ࣀࣝࣔ࢟ࢩ࢔ࠊୗᅗ㸸ࣁ࢖࣏࢟ࢩ࢔࡛ࡢቑṪᢚไຠᯝࠋ0&)
ᑐࡋ࡚ࡶ⭘⒆ቑṪᢚไຠᯝࢆ♧ࡍࡇ࡜ࢆ☜ㄆࡋ 㸦ஙࡀࢇ⣽⬊㸧ࠊ㸵᪥ࠊࢠ࣒ࢨᰁⰍࠋ
ࡓࠋ
࡜ࡇࢁ࡛ࠊࣁ࢖࣏࢟ࢩ࢔⎔ቃࡀ἞⒪᢬ᢠᛶࡤ࠿ࡾ࡛࡞ࡃࠊHIF-1 ࡟ࡼࡗ࡚ㄏᑟࡉࢀࡿከࡃࡢ㑇ఏᏊⓎ
⌧ࢆ௓ࡋ࡚ࠊ࢔࣏ࢺ࣮ࢩࢫࡢᅇ㑊ࠊ⸆๣⪏ᛶࡢ⋓ᚓࠊᣢ⥆ⓗ⾑⟶᪂⏕࡜࠸ࡗࡓࡀࢇࡢ㌿⛣࣭ᾐ₶⬟ࡢ⋓
ᚓࠊᮍศ໬ᛶࡢ⥔ᣢࠊ࡜࠸ࡗࡓࡀࢇࡢᝏᛶ໬࡟ࡶ῝ࡃ㛵ࢃࡗ࡚࠸ࡿ஦ࡀ᫂ࡽ࠿࡟࡞ࡗ࡚ࡁ࡚࠸ࡿࠋ≉࡟ࠊ
ࣁ࢖࣏࢟ࢩ࢔⎔ቃࡀࡀࢇᖿ⣽⬊ࡢ⥔ᣢ࡟㛵ࢃࡗ࡚࠸ࡿ࡜ࡉࢀ࡚࠸ࡿࠋࡀࢇᖿ⣽⬊ᛶࡣࠊ⾲㠃ᢠཎ CD24
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࡜ CD44 ࡢⓎ⌧㔞ࢆᣦᶆ࡜ࡍࡿࡇ࡜ࡀ࡛ࡁࡿࠋ⮅⮚ࡀࢇ➼࡟ᑐࡍࡿ໬Ꮫ⒪ἲ๣࣭ࢤ࣒ࢩࢱࣅࣥ
㸦gemcitabine㸧ࢆ MIAPaCa-2 ࡟స⏝ࡉࡏࡿ࡜ࠊCD24+CD44+ ࡢ⣽⬊ẚ⋡ࡀࡴࡋࢁቑຍࡍࡿࡢ࡟ᑐࡋ࡚ࠊ
ISIR-042 ࡣࠊࡑࡢẚ⋡ࢆῶᑡࡉࡏࡿࡇ࡜ࡶ᫂ࡽ࠿࡟ࡋࡓࠋࡇࡢࡼ࠺࡞≉ᚩ࠶ࡿάᛶࡸࠊᢸ⒴࣐࢘ࢫ࡟ᑐ
ࡋ࡚㔜⠜࡞๪స⏝ࢆ♧ࡍࡇ࡜↓ࡃ⭘⒆ቑṪࢆᢚไࡍࡿࡇ࡜࠿ࡽࠊISIR-042 ࡣ᪂つస⏝ᶵᗎ࡟ࡼࡿࡀࢇ໬
Ꮫ⒪ἲ๣࡜ࡋ࡚ᮇᚅ࡛ࡁࡿࠋ
࣭ࣇࢩࢥࢡࢩࣥᇶ┙ᆺ⺯ගࣉ࣮ࣟࣈࡢ๰〇࡜ࣜࣥ㓟໬ࣜ࢞ࣥࢻ౫Ꮡⓗ࡞ 14-3-3 ࡓࢇࡥࡃ㉁ᶆ㆑໬
14-3-3 ࡓࢇࡥࡃ㉁ࡣᶆⓗࡓࢇࡥࡃ㉁୰ࡢࣜࣥ㓟໬ࢭࣜࣥ/ࢺࣞ࢜ࢽࣥࢆྵࡴࣜࣥ㓟໬࣌ࣉࢳࢻ㓄ิࢆ
ㄆ㆑ࡋ࡚⤖ྜࡍࡿࠋ14-3-3 ࡢከᒱ࡟Ώࡿᶵ⬟ࡢヲ⣽ࡣ᫂ࡽ࠿࡛ࡣ࡞ࡃࠊ14-3-3 ࡓࢇࡥࡃ㉁㛫┦஫స⏝ࢆ
᳨ฟࡍࡿపศᏊࢶ࣮ࣝࡢ㛤Ⓨࡣࠊ⣽⬊ෆಙྕఏ㐩ࢿࢵࢺ࣮࣡ࢡࡢゎ᫂࡟኱ࡁࡃᐤ୚ࡍࡿ࡜ᮇᚅࡉࢀࡿࠋ
୍᪉ࠊࢪࢸࣝ࣌ࣥ⣔ኳ↛≀ࣇࢩࢥࢡࢩࣥ(FC)㢮ࡣࠊ14-3-3 ࡢࣜࣥ㓟໬࣌ࣉࢳࢻ⤖ྜ⁁࡟㞄᥋ࡍࡿ␯Ỉ
ᛶ㛫㝽࡟⤖ྜࡋ࡚ࠊ14-3-3 ࡜ࣜࣥ㓟໬ࣜ࢞ࣥࢻ࡜Ᏻᐃ࡞ 3 ⪅఍ྜయࢆᙧᡂࡍࡿࠋ㏆ᖺᙜ◊✲ᐊ࡛ぢฟࡉ
ࢀࡓ FC ㄏᑟయ ISIR-042 ࡀࠊⓑ⾑⑓⣽⬊࡟ᑐࡍࡿศ໬ㄏᑟάᛶࢆ♧ࡍ࡞࡝ࠊ᭷ᮃ࡞᪂つᢠࡀࢇ๣࣮ࣜࢻ
࡜࡞ࡾᚓࡿྍ⬟ᛶࡀሗ࿌ࡉࢀࡓࠋFC ᇶ┙ᆺ
ᢠࡀࢇ๣㛤Ⓨࢆ᥎㐍ࡍࡿୖ࡛ࠊࡑࡢస⏝ᶵᗎ
ࢆゎ᫂ࡍࡿࡇ࡜ࡣ㔜せ࡞ㄢ㢟࡛࠶ࡿࠋ
ᮏ◊✲࡛ࡣࠊࣇࢩࢥࢡࢩࣥㄏᑟయ ISIR-042
࡜⺯ගࢱࢢࢆ⏕య┤஺ᛶ཯ᛂᇶࢆྵࡴࢫ࣌
࣮ࢧ࣮࡛㐃⤖ࡋࡓ໬Ꮫࣉ࣮ࣟࣈࢆࠊ14-3-3 ⤖
ᬗᵓ㐀ࢆᇶ࡟ྜ⌮ⓗタィࡋࠊ᭷ᶵྜᡂ໬Ꮫⓗ
࡟ㄪ〇ࡋࡓࠋࡇࢀࡽࡢࣉ࣮ࣟࣈࢆ⏝࠸ࠊ㑇ఏ
Ꮚ⤌᥮࠼ᆺ 14-3-3 ࡓࢇࡥࡃ㉁ࡢࣜࣥ㓟໬࣌
ࣉࢳࢻ౫Ꮡⓗ࡞⺯ගࣛ࣋ࣝ໬ࢆ㐩ᡂࡋࡓࠋ
14-3-3 ࡢⅬኚ␗ᑟධᐇ㦂࠿ࡽࠊࡇࡢࣛ࣋ࣝ໬
ࡣ His164 ࡟ᴟࡵ࡚ඃඛⓗ࡟㉳ࡇࡿࡇ࡜ࢆ᫂
ࡽ࠿࡟ࡋࡓࠋࡉࡽ࡟ࠊࣜࣥ㓟໬ࣜ࢞ࣥࢻࡢ࣌
ࣉࢳࢻ㓄ิ࡜ࣛ࣋ࣝ໬ຠ⋡ࡢ㛵ಀࢆヲ⣽࡟
᳨ウࡋࡓ⤖ᯝࠊi+1 ఩࡟⬡⫫᪘⣔࢔࣑ࣀ㓟ṧ
ᇶࡀ఩⨨ࡍࡿሙྜ࡟᭱ࡶ㧗࠸ࣛ࣋ࣝ໬ຠ⋡
ࢆ♧ࡍ࡞࡝ࡢ㓄ิ౫Ꮡᛶࡀほᐹࡉࢀࠊ࢔࣑ࣀ
㓟ഃ㙐ࡢᙧ≧ࡀࣛ࣋ࣝ໬ࡢ㔜せ࡞ỴᐃᅉᏊ
࡟࡞ࡿࡇ࡜ࢆ᫂ࡽ࠿࡟ࡋࡓࠋ⏕⣽⬊୰ࡢෆᅾ
ᛶ 14-3-3 ࡓࢇࡥࡃ㉁ࡢࣛ࣋ࣝ໬࡟ᡂຌࡋࠊ
ᢠࡀࢇ๣ ISIR-042 ࡢ⣽⬊ෆᶆⓗࡀ 14-3-3 ࡓ ᅗ㸰)& ྵ᭷⺯ගࣉ࣮ࣟࣈࡢᵓ㐀ᘧ㸦ୖ㸧࡜ࠊ⣽⬊ෆ⺯ග࢖࣓࣮ࢪࣥ
ࢢ㸦ᕥୗ㸧
ࠊෆᅾᛶ ࡢ⺯ගᶆ㆑໬㸦ྑୗ㸧
ࢇࡥࡃ㉁࡛࠶ࡿࡇ࡜ࢆึࡵ࡚ᐇ㦂ⓗ࡟ド᫂
ࡋࡓࠋ
௨ୖࡢࡼ࠺࡟ࠊࣜࣥ㓟໬ࣜ࢞ࣥࢻࡢᙧ≧ࢆཝᐦ࡟ㄆ㆑ࡍࡿ 14-3-3 ᶆ㆑ࣉ࣮ࣟࣈࡢ๰〇࡟ᡂຌࡋࡓࠋ⌧
ᅾࠊࡓࢇࡥࡃ㉁㛫┦஫స⏝᳨ฟࣉ࣮ࣟࣈ࡬ᒎ㛤୰࡛࠶ࡿࠋ
࣭࣊࢔ࣆࣥᆺ࣌ࣉࢳࢻ᰾㓟ࢆ⏝࠸ࡓ࢖ࣥࣇ࢚ࣝࣥࢨ࢘࢖ࣝࢫデ᩿
ࣈࢱ⏤᮶ A ᆺ࢖ࣥࣇ࢚ࣝࣥࢨ࢘࢖ࣝࢫࡢ඲ H1N1 ࡟ඹ㏻ࡋ࡚Ꮡᅾࡍࡿ 15 ሷᇶ㓄ิࢆྠᐃࡋࠊࡇࢀ࡟
ᑐࡋ࡚࣡ࢺࢯࣥ㸫ࢡࣜࢵࢡሷᇶᑐࠊ࠾ࡼࡧࣇ࣮ࢢࢫࢸ࢕ࣥሷᇶᑐࢆᙧᡂࡍࡿ 2 ࡘࡢ࣌ࣉࢳࢻ᰾㓟㸦PNA㸧
㙐ࢆ᭷ࡍࡿ࣊࢔ࣆࣥᆺ࣌ࣉࢳࢻ᰾㓟㸦bisPNA㸧ࢆྜᡂࡋࡓࠋࡑࡋ࡚ࠊbisPNA ࡢ࢘࢖ࣝࢫࢤࣀ࣒ RNA ࡟
ᑐࡍࡿ఍ྜ≉ᛶࢆ RNA ࡢ㏫㌿෗㜼ᐖ཯ᛂ࡟ࡼࡾホ౯ࡋࡓ࡜ࡇࢁࠊbisPNA ࡣ㓄ิ㑅ᢥⓗ࡟ᶆⓗࢤࣀ࣒࡟
఍ྜࡋࠊຠᯝⓗ࡟㏫㌿෗཯ᛂࢆ㜼ᐖࡍࡿࡇ࡜ࡀ᫂ࡽ࠿࡟࡞ࡗࡓࠋࡉࡽ࡟ bisPNA ࡟᰾㓟ሷᇶ㛫ࡢ࢖ࣥࢱ
࣮࣮࢝ࣞࢱ࣮࡜࡞ࡿ࢔ࢰ࣋ࣥࢮࣥࢆᑟධࡍࡿ࡜ࠊࡑࡢࢤࣀ࣒㆑ู⬟ࡀ⣙ 10 ಸྥୖࡍࡿࡇ࡜ࡀࢃ࠿ࡗࡓࠋ
ࡑࡇ࡛ࠊࡇࡢ bisPNA ࢆࢡ࣐ࣟࢺࢢࣛࣇ࢕࣮ୖ࡟ᒎ㛤ࡋࠊࣈࢱ⏤᮶ A ᆺ࢖ࣥࣇ࢚ࣝࣥࢨ࢘࢖ࣝࢫࡢࢤࣀ
࣒ࢆ㓄ิ㑅ᢥⓗ࡟ᤕ⋓ࡍࡿࡇ࡜ࢆヨࡳࡓ⤖ᯝࠊ
ᶆⓗࢤࣀ࣒ࢆ┠ど࡛ 5 ศ௨ෆ࡟᳨ฟࡍࡿࡇ࡜࡟ᡂຌࡋࡓࠋ
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⏕యゐ፹⛉Ꮫ◊✲ศ㔝
ᩍᤵ
㇂⃝
ᣍ࡬࠸ᩍᤵ
㯮⏣
෸ᩍᤵ
ᒸᓥ
ຓᩍ
❧ᯇ
኱Ꮫ㝔Ꮫ⏕
୰ᇉ
ᒣ᰿
஦ົ⿵బဨ
ᮧ஭
ඞ⾜
ಇ୍
ಇⱥ
೺ྖࠊ୰஭ ᛅᚿ
⿱㈗ࠊᒾᓮ ⱥὒࠊฟཱྀ ㈗ᩥࠊఀ⸨ ᐶேࠊᒣ⏣ ࿴ᘯࠊඵᮌ ᶞ㔛ዉ
ᐶグࠊᒾ஭ ᙬ஀ࠊ㛗ᓮ ᜤஂ
ᦶ⏤Ꮚ
a) ᴫせ
ᙜ◊✲ศ㔝࡛ࡣࠊᗈࡃ⏕໬ᏛࠊศᏊ⏕≀Ꮫࠊ⣽⬊⏕≀Ꮫ࡞࡝ࡢ❧ሙ࠿ࡽࠊ⏕࿨⌧㇟ࢆᢸ࠺✀ࠎࡢ⏕య
ᶵ⬟ศᏊࡢᵓ㐀࡜ᶵ⬟ࡢ┦㛵ࢆศᏊ࡛ࣞ࣋ࣝゎ᫂ࡍࡿࡇ࡜ࢆ┠ᣦࡋ࡚◊✲ࢆ⾜ࡗ࡚࠸ࡿࠋ≀㉁௦ㅰࡸ࢚
ࢿࣝࢠ࣮௦ㅰࢆᢸ࠺⏕యゐ፹͆㓝⣲͇ࢆᑐ㇟࡜ࡋ࡚ࠊάᛶ㒊఩ᵓ㐀ࡸ❧యᵓ㐀ࠊゐ፹཯ᛂᶵᵓࢆ᫂ࡽ࠿
࡟ࡍࡿ࡭ࡃ◊✲ࢆᒎ㛤ࡋ࡚࠸ࡿࠋ≉࡟ࠊ㖡࢔࣑ࣥ㓟໬㓝⣲ࡢࢺࣃ࢟ࣀࣥ⿵㓝⣲ࢆࡣࡌࡵ࡜ࡋ࡚ࠊ᭱㏆┦
ḟ࠸࡛Ⓨぢࡉࢀ࡚࠸ࡿ࢔࣑ࣀ㓟ṧᇶ⏤᮶ࡢ᪂つ࡞ඹ᭷⤖ྜᆺ⿵㓝⣲㸦࠸ࢃࡺࡿ࣌ࣉࢳࢻ࣭ࣅࣝࢺ࢖ࣥᆺ
⿵㓝⣲㸧ࡢᵓ㐀࡜ゐ፹ᶵ⬟ࠊࢱࣥࣃࢡ㉁⩻ヂᚋಟ㣭࡟ࡼࡿ⏕ྜᡂᶵᵓࡢゎ᫂࡟ຊࢆὀ࠸࡛࠸ࡿࠋࡲࡓࠊ
⣽⳦ࡢ஧ᡂศఏ㐩⣔࡟㛵ࢃࡿࢱࣥࣃࢡ㉁ࡸࢢࣜࢩࣥゎ⿣⣔࡞࡝ࡢ」ྜ㓝⣲⣔ࡢᵓ㐀⏕≀Ꮫⓗ◊✲ࡶ⾜
ࡗ࡚࠸ࡿࠋ୍᪉ࠊᛂ⏝ⓗ◊✲࡜ࡋ࡚ࠊ௵ពࡢ⤌⧊࣭⣽⬊࡟ᶆⓗ≉␗ᛶࢆ᭷ࡍࡿࣂ࢖࢜ࢼࣀ࢝ࣉࢭࣝࢆ⏝
࠸ࡓ㑇ఏᏊᑟධἲࡸࢻࣛࢵࢢࢹࣜࣂ࣮ࣜἲࢆ㛤Ⓨࡋ࡚࠸ࡿࠋ
b) ᡂᯝ
࣭࢟ࣀ࣒࣊ࣉࣟࢸ࢖࣭ࣥ࢔࣑ࣥ⬺Ỉ⣲㓝⣲ࡢ⏕ྜᡂ࡟ᚲ㡲ࡢወጁ࡞ࣉࣟࢸ࢔࣮ࢮ
࢟ࣀ࣒࣊ࣉࣟࢸ࢖࣭ࣥ࢔࣑ࣥ⬺Ỉ⣲㓝⣲㸦QHNDH㸧ࡣࠊࢢ࣒ࣛ㝜ᛶ⣽⳦ࡢ Pseudomonas putida ࡸ
Paracoccus denitrificans ࡢ࣌ࣜࣉࣛࢬ࣒⏬ศ࡟ㄏᑟ⏕ᡂࡍࡿ㓝⣲࡛ࠊĮȕȖ ࡢ࣊ࢸࣟ୕㔞యࢧࣈࣘࢽࢵࢺᵓ
㐀ࢆࡶࡘࠋ⣙ 60 kDa ࡢ Į-ࢧࣈࣘࢽࢵࢺ࡟ࡣ㸰ศᏊࡢ࣒࣊ c ࡀࠊ⣙ 9 kDa ࡢ Ȗ-ࢧࣈࣘࢽࢵࢺ࡟ࡣࣅࣝࢺ
࢖ࣥᆺ࢟ࣀࣥ⿵㓝⣲ࡢ୍✀ࠊࢩࢫࢸ࢖ࣥࢺࣜࣉࢺࣇ࢕ࣝ࢟ࣀࣥ㸦CTQ㸧ࡀྵࡲࢀ࡚࠸ࡿࠋࡉࡽ࡟ࠊȖ-ࢧ
ࣈࣘࢽࢵࢺෆࡢ㸱ಶࡢ Cys ṧᇶࡣࡑࢀࡒࢀ Asp ṧᇶࡲࡓࡣ Glu ṧᇶࡢ࣓ࢳࣞࣥⅣ⣲࡜ศᏊෆࢳ࢚࣮࢜ࢸ
ࣝᯫᶫᵓ㐀ࢆᙧᡂࡋ࡚࠸ࡿࠋᮏ◊✲࡛ࡣࠊࡇࡢࡼ࠺࡟ᴟࡵ࡚」㞧࡞ᵓ㐀ࢆࡶࡘ QHNDH ࡢ⏕ྜᡂᶵᵓࡢ
ゎ᫂ࢆ┠ⓗ࡜ࡋ࡚ࠊᮏ㓝⣲ࢧࣈࣘࢽࢵࢺ㑇ఏᏊࢆྵࡴ࢜࣌ࣟࣥ୰ࡢ࿘㎶㑇ఏᏊࡢᙺ๭ࢆ㑇ఏᏊ◚ቯ࡞࡝
ࡢ᪉ἲࢆ⏝࠸࡚ゎᯒࡋ࡚࠸ࡿࠋࡇࢀࡲ࡛࡟ࠊĮ-ࢧࣈࣘࢽࢵࢺ㑇ఏᏊ࡜ Ȗ-ࢧࣈࣘࢽࢵࢺ㑇ఏᏊ࡟ᣳࡲࢀ࡚
ࢥ࣮ࢻࡉࢀ‘ࣛࢪ࢝ࣝ SAM ࢫ࣮ࣃ࣮ࣇ࢓࣑࣮ࣜ’࡟ᒓࡍࡿ⣙ 55 kDa ࡢࢱࣥࣃࢡ㉁㸦ORF2 ࢱࣥࣃࢡ㉁㸧
ࡣࠊȖ-ࢧࣈࣘࢽࢵࢺෆࡢࢳ࢚࣮࢜ࢸࣝᯫᶫᵓ㐀ࡢᙧᡂ࡟ᚲ㡲ࡢᙺ๭ࢆᯝࡓࡍࡇ࡜ࡀ᫂ࡽ࠿࡟࡞ࡗ࡚࠸ࡿࠋ
ࡲࡓࠊORF2 㑇ఏᏊࢆ◚ቯࡍࡿ࡜ࢳ࢚࣮࢜ࢸࣝᯫᶫᵓ㐀ࡀ࡞ࡃ N ᮎ➃࡟ 28 ṧᇶࡢᘏ㛗㓄ิࢆࡶࡘ Ȗ-ࢧ
ࣈࣘࢽࢵࢺࡀ⣽⬊㉁ෆ࡟⵳✚ࡋࡓࠋȖ-ࢧࣈࣘࢽࢵࢺࡢ㑇ఏᏊ◚ቯᰴࢆసᡂࡋࠊࡇࡢ 28 ṧᇶࢆྵࡴ Ȗ-ࢧࣈ
ࣘࢽࢵࢺࡢ㑇ఏᏊࢆࣉࣛࢫ࣑ࢻ࡟ࡼࡾ⿵඘ࡋࡓ࡜ࡇࢁࠊάᛶ࡞ QHNDH ࡀ⏕⏘ࡉࢀࡓࡀࠊN-ᮎ➃ 28 ṧ
ᇶࡢ࡞࠸ Ȗ-ࢧࣈࣘࢽࢵࢺ㑇ఏᏊࡢࣉࣛࢫ࣑ࢻ⿵඘࡟ࡼࡗ࡚ࡣࠊάᛶࡢ࠶ࡿ QHNDH ࡢ⏕⏘ࡣㄆࡵࡽࢀ࡞
࠿ࡗࡓࠋᚑࡗ࡚ࠊࡇࡢ 28 ṧᇶࡢᘏ㛗㓄ิࡣ QHNDH ࡢ⏕ྜᡂ࡟ᚲ㡲࡛࠶ࡿࡀࠊᡂ⇍ᆺ㓝⣲࡛ࡣ㝖ཤࡉ
ࢀࡿࡇ࡜ࡀᚲせ࡛࠶ࡿ࡜⤖ㄽࡉࢀࡓࠋḟ࡟ࠊȕ-ࢧࣈࣘࢽࢵࢺ㑇ఏᏊࡢᚋࡢ➨㸳␒┠࡟ࢥ࣮ࢻࡉࢀ࡚࠸ࡿ
subtilisin ᵝࢭࣜࣥࣉࣟࢸ࢔࣮ࢮ࡟┦ྠᛶࡢ㧗࠸ࢱࣥࣃࢡ㉁㸦ORF5 ࢱࣥࣃࢡ㉁㸧࡟ࡘ࠸࡚ࡶ᳨ウࡋࡓࠋ
ORF5 㑇ఏᏊ◚ቯᰴࢆసᡂࡋ QHNDH ⏕ᡂ࡟ཬࡰࡍᙳ㡪ࢆㄪ࡭ࡓ࡜ࡇࢁࠊORF2 㑇ఏᏊ◚ቯᰴ࡜ྠᵝ࡟ࠊ
㓝⣲άᛶࡀ඲ࡃᾘኻࡋࡓࡔࡅ࡛࡞ࡃ Ȗ-ࢧࣈࣘࢽࢵࢺࡣ⣽⬊㉁ෆ࡟⵳✚ࡋ࡚࠸ࡓࠋࡲࡓࠊࡇࡢ⵳✚ࡋࡓ ȖࢧࣈࣘࢽࢵࢺࡣࠊศᏊෆࢳ࢚࣮࢜ࢸࣝᯫᶫᵓ㐀ࢆ᭷ࡍࡿ୍᪉ࠊ28 ṧᇶࡢᘏ㛗㓄ิࡶಖᣢࡋ࡚࠸ࡓࠋORF5
㑇ఏᏊ◚ቯᰴ࡟ ORF5 㑇ఏᏊࢆࣉࣛࢫ࣑ࢻ࡛⿵඘ࡋࡓ࡜ࡇࢁࠊȖ-ࢧࣈࣘࢽࢵࢺࡣ㔝⏕ᰴ࡜ྠᵝ࡟࣌ࣜࣉ
ࣛࢬ࣒࡬⛣⾜ࡋࠊάᛶࡢ࠶ࡿ QHNDH ࡀ⏕⏘ࡉࢀࡓࠋࡇࢀࡽࡢ⤖ᯝࡼࡾࠊORF5 㑇ఏᏊࡶ QHNDH ⏕ྜ
― 74 ―
ᡂ࡟ᚲ㡲࡛࠶ࡾࠊORF5 ࢱࣥࣃࢡ㉁ࡣ Ȗ-ࢧࣈࣘࢽࢵࢺࡢ 28 ṧᇶࡢᘏ㛗㓄ิࡢษ᩿㝖ཤࢆ⾜࠺ࣉࣟࢸ࢔࣮
ࢮ࡛࠶ࡿ࡜⤖ㄽࡋࡓࠋࡉࡽ࡟ࠊȖ-ࢧࣈࣘࢽࢵࢺࡢ Nᮎ➃ᘏ㛗㓄ิࡢ୍㒊࡟┦ᙜࡍࡿ㸵࢔࣑ࣀ㓟ṧᇶ࠿ࡽ
࡞ࡿྜᡂ࣌ࣉࢳࢻࡢ N-ᮎ➃࠾ࡼࡧ C-ᮎ➃ࢆ⺯ගᶆ
㆑ࡋࠊ኱⭠⳦࡛Ⓨ⌧ࡉࡏࡓ ORF5 ࢱࣥࣃࢡ㉁࡜୍ኪ
཯ᛂࡉࡏࡓࠋࡑࡢ⤖ᯝࠊ཯ᛂᾮࡢ㏫┦ HPLC ࡟ࡼࡾ
୧࣌ࣉࢳࢻࡢຍỈศゎ⏘≀ࡀྠᐃ࡛ࡁࡓࠋࡑࡢษ᩿
㒊఩ࡣ Ȗ-ࢧࣈࣘࢽࢵࢺࡢ N-ᮎ➃ᘏ㛗㓄ิࡢษ᩿㒊఩
࡜୍⮴ࡋࡓࠋࡲࡓࠊࡇࡢຍỈศゎ཯ᛂࡣ㠀ᖖ࡟ࡺࡗ
ࡃࡾ࡜㐍⾜ࡋࠊ࡯࡜ࢇ࡝ࢱ࣮࣮ࣥ࢜ࣂ࣮ࡋ࡞࠸ࡇ࡜
ࡀุ᫂ࡋࡓࠋ୍᪉ࠊN-ᮎ➃⺯ගᶆ㆑࣌ࣉࢳࢻ࡜ ORF5
ࢱࣥࣃࢡ㉁ࡢ཯ᛂᾮࢆ SDS-PAGE ࡛ศᯒࡋࡓ⤖ᯝࠊ
ORF5 ࢱࣥࣃࢡ㉁ࣂࣥࢻ࡟⺯ගࡀ᳨ฟࡉࢀࡓࠋࡇࡢ཯
ᛂᚋࡢ ORF5 ࢱࣥࣃࢡ㉁ࢆࢺࣜࣉࢩ࡛ࣥᾘ໬ࡋ⺯ග
࣌ࣉࢳࢻࢆ HPLC ࡛༢㞳ࡋࡓᚋࠊMALDI-TOF ㉁㔞ศ
ᯒࡍࡿ࡜ࠊN-ᮎ➃⺯ගᶆ㆑࣌ࣉࢳࢻࡢศゎ⏘≀࡜
ORF5 ࢱࣥࣃࢡ㉁ࡢάᛶ୰ᚰࢭࣜࣥṧᇶࢆྵࡴ࣌ࣉ
ࢳࢻࡀྵࡲࢀ࡚࠸ࡓ㸦ᅗ㸯㸧ࠋࡇࡢࡇ࡜ࡣࠊN-ᮎ➃⺯
ගᶆ㆑࣌ࣉࢳࢻࡀ ORF5 ࢱࣥࣃࢡ㉁࡟ࡼࡾຍỈศゎ
ࡉࢀࡓᚋࠊ࢔ࢩࣝ-㓝⣲୰㛫య࡜ࡋ࡚ ORF5 ࢱࣥࣃࢡ
㉁ࡢάᛶ୰ᚰࢭࣜࣥṧᇶ࡟⤖ྜࡋࡓࡲࡲ࡜࡝ࡲࡗ࡚
࠸ࡿࡇ࡜ࢆ♧၀ࡋ࡚࠸ࡿࠋ௨ୖࡢ⤖ᯝࡼࡾࠊORF5
ࢱࣥࣃࢡ㉁ࡣ Ȗ-ࢧࣈࣘࢽࢵࢺ࡟ᑐࡋ࡯ࡰ㸯ᑐ㸯࡛ᶵ
ᅗ㸯 MALDI-TOFF MS ࡟ࡼࡿ
⬟ࡍࡿ㠀ᖖ࡟ወጁ࡞౑࠸ᤞ࡚ᆺࡢࣉࣟࢸ࢔࣮ࢮ࡛࠶
࢔ࢩࣝ-㓝⣲୰㛫యࡢྠᐃ
ࡿ࡜⪃࠼ࡽࢀࡿࠋ
࣭ࣂ࢖࢜ࢼࣀ࢝ࣉࢭࣝࢆ⏝࠸ࡓከ✀㢮ᢠཎࢱࣥࣃࢡ㉁ྠ᫬᳨ฟ⏝ࣂ࢖࢜࢖࣓࣮ࢪࣥࢢᢏ⾡ࡢ㛤Ⓨ
ࣂ࢖࢜ࢼࣀ࢝ࣉࢭࣝ㸦BNC㸧ࡣࠊB ᆺ⫢⅖࢘࢖ࣝࢫࡢ⾲㠃ᢠཎ L ࢱࣥࣃࢡ㉁ࢆ୺ᡂศ࡜ࡍࡿ┤ᚄ⣙ 70
nm ࡢ୰✵ࢼࣀ⢏Ꮚ࡛࠶ࡾࠊ㑇ఏᏊࡸ⸆๣ࢆ㧗ຠ⋡࡟ࣄࢺ⫢⮚≉␗ⓗ࡟㏦㐩࡛ࡁࡿࠋ⚾ࡓࡕࡣࠊྡྂᒇ
኱Ꮫࡢ㯮⏣ಇ୍ᩍᤵࡢࢢ࣮ࣝࣉ࡜ࡢඹྠ◊✲࡛ࠊL ࢱࣥࣃࢡ㉁ࡢ⫢
⮚≉␗ⓗࣞࢭࣉࢱ࣮㡿ᇦࢆࣉࣟࢸ࢖ࣥ A ࡢ IgG-Fc ⤖ྜ㡿ᇦ㸦Z ࢻ
࣓࢖ࣥ㸧2 ศᏊ࡟⨨᥮ࡋࡓ ZZ ࢱࢢᥦ♧ᆺ BNC㸦ZZ-BNC㸧ࢆస〇
ࡋࠊZZ-BNC ⾲㠃࡟ᢠయ Fv 㡿ᇦࡀᩚิ໬ࡍࡿᛶ㉁ࢆᛂ⏝ࡋ࡚ࠊ᪤
Ꮡࡢ ELISA ࡟ ZZ-BNC ࢆῧຍࡍࡿࡔࡅ࡛㧗ឤᗘ໬࡛ࡁࡿࡇ࡜ࢆぢ
ฟࡋࡓࠋࡉࡽ࡟ࠊྛ✀⺯ගⰍ⣲࡛ᶆ㆑ࡋࡓ ZZ-BNC ࡟ࠊࡑࢀࡒࢀ
␗࡞ࡿᢠయࢆ⤖ྜࡉࡏ࡚ࠊ▷᫬㛫࡛ྛ✀ᢠཎࢆ」ᩘྠ᫬࡟ゎᯒ࡛ࡁ
ࡿࣂ࢖࢜࢖࣓࣮ࢪࣥࢢᢏ⾡ࡢ㛤Ⓨ࡟ࡶᡂຌࡋࡓࠋࡲࡎࠊ✀ࠎࡢ Cy
⺯ගⰍ⣲࡛ᶆ㆑ࡋࡓ ZZ-BNC ࡟ྛ✀ᢠయࢆࡑࢀࡒࢀ⤖ྜࡉࡏࠊ
SDS-PAGE ࡟ࡼࡾศ㞳ᚋ PDVF ⭷࡬㌿෗ࡋࡓᢠཎࢱࣥࣃࢡ㉁࡟ῧ
ຍࡋ࡚ᢠཎᢠయ཯ᛂࢆ⾜࠸ࠊ⺯ග࢖࣓࣮ࢪ࢔ࢼࣛ࢖ࢨ࣮࡛ゎᯒࡋࡓ
⤖ᯝࠊᚑ᮶ἲ࡟ẚ࡭࡚▷᫬㛫࡟ከ✀㢮ࡢᢠཎࢆྠ᫬࠿ࡘ㧗ឤᗘ࡟᳨
ฟ࡛ࡁࡓ㸦ᅗ㸰㸧ࠋࡉࡽ࡟ࠊᇵ㣴⣽⬊ࡢྛᢠཎࢱࣥࣃࢡ㉁࡟ᑐࡋ࡚
⣽⬊ච␿ᰁⰍࢆ⾜࠸ࠊከ✀ᢠཎࢆྠ᫬࡟ほᐹࡍࡿࡇ࡜࡟ࡶᡂຌࡋࡓࠋ
ᮏ⺯ගᶆ㆑ ZZ-BNC ࢆࣂ࢖࢜࢖࣓࣮ࢪࣥࢢࣉ࣮ࣟࣈ࡜ࡋ࡚⏝࠸ࡿ
᪉ἲࡣࠊ㧗ຠ⋡໬࣭㧗ឤᗘ໬ࡢࡳ࡞ࡽࡎࠊከ✀㢮ࡢᢠཎࡢ」ᩘྠ᫬
ᅗ㸰࢙࢘ࢫࢱࣥࣈࣟࢵࢺ࡟࠾
᳨ฟࡀྍ⬟࡛ࠊ㠀ᖖ࡟᭷⏝࡛࠶ࡿࠋ⌧ᅾࠊ㯮⏣ࢢ࣮ࣝࣉࡢ㣤ᔱ┈ᕭ
ࡅࡿ㸲✀㢮ࡢࢱࣥࣃࢡ㉁ࡢྠ᫬
༤ኈࡀ୰ᚰ࡜࡞ࡾࠊᮏ᪉ἲࢆࠕIRODORI (ᙬ㸧ࠖ࡜࿨ྡࡋࠊ◊✲ヨ
ከⰍ᳨ฟ
⸆࣭་⒪デ᩿࣭㣗ရศᯒ➼ࡢᛂ⏝ศ㔝ࡢᣑ኱ࢆᅗࡗ࡚࠸ࡿࠋ
― 75 ―
⏕య᝟ሗไᚚᏛ◊✲ศ㔝
ᩍᤵ
ᐈဨᩍᤵ
෸ᩍᤵ
ຓᩍ
≉௵ຓᩍ
༤ኈ◊✲ဨ
≉௵◊✲ဨ
኱Ꮫ㝔Ꮫ⏕
Ꮫ㒊Ꮫ⏕
ᢏ⾡ဨ
஦ົ⿵బဨ
ᒣཱྀ ᫂ே
ᯇᮏ ెᕭ
す Ẏ
୰ᓥ Ⰻ௓
Ḉ஭ ၨ௓
す ᬗᏊࠊஂ㔝 ᝆ
▮ᕝ ᾈᖹ
኱㔝 ឡᏊࠊᒣᓮ ⪷ྖࠊ┾ୗ 㞞㈗ࠊᯇᒣ ࡺࡳᏊࠊᒣᓮ ඃ
ᒸ ♸㤿ࠊᯘ ඞᙪ
⚟ᓥ ឡᏊࠊ໭ᕝ බ᝴
ᯇᒸ ⃈ᜨ
a) ᴫせ
⏕≀⏺࡟ࡣࠊ␗≀᤼ฟࢺࣛࣥࢫ࣏࣮ࢱ࣮࡜ࡼࡤࢀࡿ୍⩌ࡢ⭷㍺㏦యࡀᗈࡃศᕸࡋ࡚࠸࡚ࠊ⣽⬊ࣞ࣋ࣝ
࡟࠾ࡅࡿࡶࡗ࡜ࡶᇶᮏⓗ࡞⏕య㜵ᚚᶵᵓ࡜࡞ࡗ࡚࠸ࡿࠋᮏ◊✲ศ㔝࡛ࡣࠊ⣽⳦࠿ࡽື≀⣽⬊ࡲ࡛ࠊ⏕య
␗≀᤼ฟࢺࣛࣥࢫ࣏࣮ࢱ࣮ࡢᵓ㐀࡜ᶵ⬟ࠊⓎ⌧ไᚚࠊ⏕⌮ⓗᙺ๭ࡢゎᯒ࠿ࡽࠊ᪂つ᤼ฟࢱࣥࣃࢡ㑇ఏᏊ
ࡢ᳨⣴ࡲ࡛ᖜᗈࡃ◊✲ࢆᒎ㛤ࡋ࡚࠸ࡿࠋ
⚾ࡓࡕࡢ◊✲ᐊ࡛ࡣࠊ⣽⳦ࡢ௦⾲ⓗ␗≀᤼ฟ㍺㏦య AcrB ࡢ⤖ᬗᵓ㐀ࢆୡ⏺࡟ඛ㥑ࡅ࡚ 2002 ᖺ࡟ሗ࿌
ࡋࠊࡉࡽ࡟ 2006 ᖺ࡟ࡣᇶ㉁⤖ྜᆺ⤖ᬗᵓ㐀ࢆሗ࿌ࡋ࡚␗≀ࡢ᤼ฟ࡜ከ๣ㄆ㆑ࡢᵓ㐀ⓗᇶ♏ࢆ᫂ࡽ࠿࡟
ࡋࡓࠋ2010 ᖺࡣ኱ศᏊ㔞⸆≀⤖ྜᵓ㐀ࢆỴᐃࡋࠊࡶ࠺୍ࡘࡢ࣐ࣝࢳࢧ࢖ࢺ⸆≀⤖ྜ㒊఩ࡢᏑᅾࢆ᫂ࡽ࠿
࡟ࡋࠊ᤼ฟࡢ࣌ࣜࢫࢱ࣏ࣥࣉᶵᵓࢆᥦၐࡋࡓࠋࡉࡽ࡟ື≀⣽⬊࡟࠾ࡅࡿ⬡㉁࣓ࢹ࢕࢚࣮ࢱ࣮ࡢศἪ㍺㏦
యࡢ◊✲࡟࠾࠸࡚௨ୗࡢࡼ࠺࡞㐍ᒎࡀ࠶ࡗࡓࠋ
b) ᡂᯝ
࣭␗≀᤼ฟ㍺㏦య࡟ ࡘࡢ࣐ࣝࢳࢧ࢖ࢺ⸆≀
⤖ྜ㒊఩㸟࣌ࣜࢫࢱ࣏
ࣥࣉᶵᵓ
⚾㐩ࡣ 2002 ᖺ࡟ୡ⏺
ึࡢ␗≀᤼ฟࢱࣥࣃࢡ
⤖ᬗᵓ㐀Ỵᐃ࡟ᡂຌ
(Nature 414, 2002)ࡋ
࡚௨᮶ࠊୡ⏺࡟࠾ࡅࡿ
ࢱࣥࣃࢡ㉁ࡢ␗≀ㄆ㆑
ᶵᵓࡢᵓ㐀ⓗᇶ┙ゎ᫂
ࢆඛᑟࡋ࡚ࡁࡓࠋ
2010-11 ᖺ࡟ࡣ኱ศᏊ
㔞⸆≀⤖ྜᵓ㐀ࡢỴᐃ
࡟ᡂຌࡋࠊ␗≀ࡢㄆ㆑
᤼ฟᶵᵓ࡟ࡇࢀࡲ࡛࡟
࡞࠿ࡗࡓ඲ࡃ᪂ࡋ࠸ᆅ
ᖹ⥺ࢆษࡾ㛤࠸ࡓࠋ
ከᩘࡢ⸆≀࣭ẘ≀ࢆ
ᅗ 1 ␗≀᤼ฟࢱࣥࣃࢡ AcrB ࣌ࣜࣉࣛࢬ࣒㢌㒊ࡢᵓ㐀࡜ 2 ࡘࡢ⸆≀⤖ྜ࣏ࢣࢵࢺ
― 76 ―
ࢱࣥࣃࢡ㉁ࡀ≉␗ⓗ࡟ㄆ㆑ࡍࡿᵓ㐀ⓗᇶ♏ࡣ࣐ࣝࢳࢧ࢖ࢺ⤖ྜ࡛࠶ࡿࠋࡍ࡞ࢃࡕࠊẚ㍑ⓗ኱ࡁ࡞ᇶ㉁⤖
ྜ࣏ࢣࢵࢺࡢෆ㒊࡟ࠊᇶ㉁ࡢ㒊ศᵓ㐀ࢆㄆ㆑ࡍࡿ」ᩘࡢࢧ࢖ࢺࢆᣢࡕࠊࡑࡢ⤌ࡳྜࢃࡏ࡟ࡼࡗ࡚ከᩘࡢ
ᇶ㉁ࢆㄆ㆑࡛ࡁࡿࠋࡇࢀࡲ࡛ࠊAcrB ࣌ࣜࣉࣛࢬ࣒㢌㒊ࡢࣇ࢙ࢽࣝ࢔ࣛࢽࣥࢡࣛࢫࢱ࣮࡜࿧ࡤࢀࡿ㡿ᇦ
࡟ࡑࡢ࣐ࣝࢳࢧ࢖ࢺ⸆≀⤖ྜ࣏ࢣࢵࢺࡢ࠶ࡿࡇ࡜ࢆ⚾㐩ࡣぢฟࡋ࡚࠸ࡓ(Nature 443, 2006)ࡀࠊ௒ᅇࠊ
ྠࡌศᏊෆ⸆≀㍺㏦⤒㊰ࡢධཱྀ࡟㏆࠸ഃ࡟ࡶ࠺୍ࡘࡢ࣐ࣝࢳࢧ࢖ࢺ⸆≀⤖ྜ࣏ࢣࢵࢺࢆぢฟࡋࠊ㏆఩࣏
ࢣࢵࢺ࡜࿨ྡࡋࡓ㸦ᅗ㸧
ࠋࡇࢀࡲ࡛ࡢ㐲఩࣏ࢣࢵࢺ࡜ࡣࠊPhe617 ࣮ࣝࣉ࡟ࡼࡾ㝸࡚ࡽࢀ࡚࠸ࡿࠋ
AcrB ࡣ࣍ࣔ 3 㔞య࡛࠶ࡾࠊ᤼ฟ㍺㏦᫬ࡣ 3 ࡘࡢࣔࣀ࣐࣮ࡀࡑࢀࡒࢀ㍺㏦ࡢ␗࡞ࡿ୰㛫య࡟ᑐᛂࡍࡿ
␗࡞ࡿࢥ࣓࣮ࣥ࣍ࢩࣙࣥࢆྲྀࡾࠊࡑࢀࡀ㡰ࠎ࡟ኚ໬ࡍࡿࡇ࡜࡛㍺㏦ࡀ㉳ࡇࡿᶵ⬟ⓗᅇ㌿㍺㏦ࣔࢹࣝࢆ⚾
㐩ࡣᥦၐࡋࠊࡑࢀࡀ௒᪥ࡢ᤼ฟ㍺㏦ᶵᵓࡢᐃㄝ࡜࡞ࡗ࡚࠸ࡿࠋࡑࡢࣔࢹ࡛ࣝࡣࠊᇶ㉁ࡣ⤖ྜࣔࣀ࣐࣮ࡢ
㐲఩࣏ࢣࢵࢺ࡟ࡶ࡟⤖ྜࡋ࡚࠸ࡓࠋ࡜ࡇࢁࡀ௒ᅇࠊ኱ศᏊ㔞⸆≀ࡣᚅᶵࣔࣀ࣐࣮ࡢ㏆఩࣏ࢣࢵࢺ࡟⤖ྜ
ࡋ࡚࠸ࡓࠋࡇࢀ࡟ࡼࡾࠊ⸆≀ࡣࠊᚅᶵࣔࣀ࣐࣮ẁ㝵࡛ AcrB ࡢ㏆఩࣏ࢣࢵࢺ࡟ධࡾࠊࡘ࠸࡛⤖ྜࣔࣀ࣐
࣮࡬ࡢࢥ࣓࣮ࣥ࣍ࢩࣙࣥኚ໬࡛㐲఩ࣔࣀ࣐࣮࡟⛣ࡾࠊ᭱ᚋ࡟ outside-open ࡢ᤼ฟࣔࣀ࣐࣮࡬ࡢኚ໬࡟ࡼ
ࡾ᤼ฟࡉࢀࡿ࣌ࣜࢫࢱ࣏ࣥࣉᶵᵓࡀ᫂ࡽ࠿࡟࡞ࡗࡓ(Nature 480, 2011)ࠋ⚾㐩ࡢࡇࡢㄽᩥࡢᚋࠊࢻ࢖ࢶ
ࡢ Pos KM ࡽࡣᑠศᏊ㔞⸆≀ࡶࠊ㐲఩࣏ࢣࢵࢺ࡜ྠ᫬࡟㏆఩࣏ࢣࢵࢺ࡟ࡶ⤖ྜࡋ࡚࠸ࡿᵓ㐀ࢆሗ࿌ࡋࠊ
⚾㐩ࡢ㏆఩࣏ࢣࢵࢺࢆᨭᣢࡍࡿ࡜࡜ࡶ࡟ࠊ⸆≀ศᏊࡢ኱ᑠࢆၥࢃࡎࠊ㏆఩Ѝ㐲఩Ѝฟཱྀ࡜㏦ࡽࢀࡿ࣌ࣜ
ࢫࢱ࣏ࣥࣉᶵᵓࡢᏑᅾࢆ❧ドࡋࡓࠋ
့࣭ஙື≀࡟࠾ࡅࡿࢫࣇ࢕ࣥࢦࢩࣥ 1 ࣜࣥ㓟㍺㏦య SPNS2 ࡢ⏕⌮ⓗᙺ๭ࡢゎ᫂
့ஙື≀࡟࠾࠸࡚⬡㉁௦ㅰ≀࠿ࡽ⣽⬊ෆ࡛ࡢࣜࣥ㓟໬࡟ࡼࡗ࡚⢭〇ࡉࢀࡿ⬡㉁࣓ࢹ࢕࢚࣮ࢱ࣮࡛࠶
ࡿࢫࣇ࢕ࣥࢦࢩࣥ 1 ࣜࣥ㓟㸦S1P㸧ࡣ⣽⬊㛫᝟ሗఏ㐩≀㉁࡜ࡋ࡚ാࡃࠋ≉࡟⾑ᾮ୰࡟ࡣ㧗⃰ᗘࡢ S1P ࡀ
Ꮡᅾࡋ࡚࠾ࡾࠊS1P ⃰ᗘࡢప࠸ 2 ḟࣜࣥࣃ⤌⧊࡜ࡢ㛫ࡢ⃰ᗘ໙㓄ࢆㄆ㆑ࡋࠊࣜࣥࣃ⌫ࡀ⾑ᾮ୰࡬⛣⾜ࡍ
ࡿ࡜⪃࠼ࡽࢀ࡚࠸ࡿࠋࡋ࠿ࡋ࡞ࡀࡽࠊࡇࢀࡲ࡛⾑୰࡟ S1P ࢆ౪⤥ࡍࡿ㍺㏦యศᏊࡣ᫂ࡽ࠿࡟࡞ࡗ࡚࠸࡞
࠿ࡗࡓࠋ
⚾ࡓࡕࡣࢮࣈࣛࣇ࢕ࢵࢩࣗ࡟࠾࠸࡚⏕⌮ⓗ࡟ᶵ⬟ࡍࡿ S1P ㍺㏦య࡜ࡋ࡚ぢ࠸ࡔࡋࡓ spinster-like
protein 2㸦SPNS2㸧ࡀ့ங㢮࡟࢜ࣝࢯࣟࢢࢆᣢࡕࠊ့ங㢮ࡢ SPNS2 ࡶᇵ㣴⣽⬊࡬ࡢᙉไⓎ⌧⣔ࢆ⏝࠸ࡓ
࢔ࢵࢭ࢖⣔࡛ S1P ㍺㏦య࡜ࡋ࡚ാࡃࡇ࡜ࢆ᫂ࡽ࠿࡟ࡋ࡚ࡁࡓࠋ
ᮏᖺᗘࡣ့ங㢮࡟࠾ࡅࡿ SPNS2 ࡢ⏕⌮ⓗᙺ๭ࢆ᫂ࡽ࠿࡟ࡍࡿࡓࡵ࡟ࠊSPNS2 ᶵ⬟Ḟᦆ࣐࢘ࢫࡢゎᯒ
ࢆ㐍ࡵࡓࠋSPNS2 ᶵ⬟Ḟᦆ࣐࢘ࢫࡣṇᖖ࡟ฟ⏕ࡋࠊ㏻ᖖࡣ㛢ࡌ࡚࠸ࡿ┠ࡀฟ⏕ඣ࡟㛤࠸࡚࠸ࡿ࡜࠸࠺⾲
⌧ᆺࢆ♧ࡋࡓࡀࠊ௚ࡢ⮚ჾ࡞࡝࡟┠❧ࡗࡓ␗ᖖࡣぢࡽࢀ࡞࠿ࡗࡓࠋࡇࡢࡇ࡜ࡣᚰ⮚ࡢⓎ⏕࡟␗ᖖࡀ࠶ࡗ
ࡓࢮࣈࣛࣇ࢕ࢵࢩࣗ࡜ࡣ SPNS2 ࡢ⏕⌮ⓗᙺ๭ࡀ␗࡞ࡗ࡚࠸ࡿࡇ࡜ࢆ♧ࡋ࡚࠸ࡿࠋ
࣐࢘ࢫ࡟࠾࠸࡚⾑ᾮ࡟㧗⃰ᗘ࡟ S1P ࡀᏑᅾࡍࡿࡇ࡜ࡀ᫂ࡽ࠿࡟࡞ࡗ࡚࠾ࡾ㸦ࠥ1ȝM㸧ࠊS1P ⃰ᗘࡢప࠸
2 ḟࣜࣥࣃ⤌⧊࡞࡝࡜ࡢ㛫࡛ᙧᡂࡉࢀࡿ S1P ࡢ⃰ᗘ໙㓄ࢆㄆ㆑ࡋ࡚ࣜࣥࣃ⌫ࡀ⾑ᾮ୰࡟⛣⾜ࡍࡿࡇ࡜ࡀ
♧ࡉࢀ࡚࠸ࡿࠋS1P ㍺㏦య࡜ࡋ࡚ᶵ⬟ࡍࡿ SPNS2 ࡢ㑇ఏᏊḞᦆ࣐࢘ࢫ࡛ࡣ⾑₢୰ࡢ S1P ⃰ᗘࡀ༙ศ⛬ᗘ
࡟ࡲ࡛ῶᑡࡋ࡚࠸ࡓࠋSPNS2 ࡢ⤌⧊ศᕸࢆㄪ࡭ࡓ࡜ࡇࢁ⾑⟶ෆ⓶⣽⬊࡟ᒁᅾࡍࡿࡇ࡜ࢆ᫂ࡽ࠿࡟ࡋࠊ
SPNS2 ࡢᶵ⬟ࡀḞᦆࡍࡿࡇ࡜࡛⾑⟶ෆ⓶⣽⬊࠿ࡽࡢ S1P ࡢᨺฟࡀ᏶඲࡟ᾘኻࡋ࡚࠸ࡓࠋࡇࢀࡲ࡛࡟ S1P
ྜᡂ㓝⣲ࡢ 1 ࡘ࡛࠶ࡿࢫࣇ࢕ࣥࢦࢩࣥ࢟ࢼ࣮ࢮ㸯ࡢᶵ⬟Ḟᦆ࣐࢘ࢫ࡟࠾࠸࡚ࠊ⾑₢୰ࡢ S1P ⃰ᗘࡀ༙ศ
⛬ᗘ࡟ῶᑡࡍࡿࡇ࡜ࡀሗ࿌ࡉࢀ࡚࠸ࡓࡀࠊࡇࡢ࣐࢘ࢫ࡛ࡣ⾑୰ࡢࣜࣥࣃ⌫ᩘ࡞࡝࡟␗ᖖࡣሗ࿌ࡉࢀ࡚࠸
࡞࠿ࡗࡓࠋࡋ࠿ࡋࠊSPNS2 ࡢ㑇ఏᏊḞᦆ࣐࢘ࢫࡣ⾑୰࡬ࡢࣜࣥࣃ⌫ࡢ⛣⾜ࡀ᏶඲࡟㜼ᐖࡉࢀ࡚࠾ࡾࠊࣜ
ࣥࣃ⌫ῶᑡ⑕࡜࡞ࡗ࡚࠸ࡓࠋ≉࡟ T ࣜࣥࣃ⌫ࡢ⾑୰ᩘࡀ኱ࡁࡃῶᑡࡋࠊࣜࣥࣃ⌫ࡢ S1P ㄆ㆑⬟ࡣṇᖖ࡛
࠶ࡿ࡟ࡶ࠿࠿ࢃࡽࡎࠊ⬚⭢࠿ࡽࡢ T ࣜࣥࣃ⌫ࡢ⾑୰࡬ࡢ⛣⾜ࡀ㜼ᐖࡉࢀ࡚࠸ࡓࠋS1P ࡢ㍺㏦య࡛࠶ࡿ
SPNS2 ࡢᶵ⬟ࡀࣜࣥࣃ⌫ࡢ㐟㉮࡟㛵ࢃࡿ S1P ࡢ౪⤥࡟࠶ࡿࡇ࡜ࡀ᫂ࡽ࠿࡜࡞ࡗࡓࠋࡇࡢࡇ࡜ࡣࡇࢀࡲ࡛
⾑ᾮ୰ࡢ S1P ࡢ୺せ࡞౪⤥※࡛࠶ࡿ࡜⪃࠼ࡽࢀ࡚࠸ࡓ㉥⾑⌫࡟ࡼࡿ⾑ᾮ඲యࡢ S1P ⃰ᗘ࡛ࡣ࡞ࡃࠊࣜࣥ
ࣃ⌫࡞࡝ࡀ⾑⟶ෆ࡟ฟ࡚ࡇࡼ࠺࡜ࡍࡿ㒊఩࡟Ꮡᅾࡍࡿ⾑⟶ෆ⓶⣽⬊ࡢᒁᡤⓗ࡞ S1P ౪⤥ࡀࣜࣥࣃ⌫ࡢ⾑
ᾮ୰࡬ࡢ⛣⾜ࢆㄪ⠇ࡋ࡚࠸ࡿࡇ࡜ࢆ♧ࡋ࡚࠾ࡾࠊࡇࡢ㍺㏦యࢆᶆⓗ࡜ࡋࡓ๪స⏝ࡢᑡ࡞࠸ච␿ᢚไ๣ࢆ
㛤Ⓨ࡛ࡁࡿྍ⬟ᛶࢆ♧၀ࡋ࡚࠸ࡿࠋ
― 77 ―
⏕యศᏊᶵ⬟⛉Ꮫ◊✲ศ㔝
ᩍᤵ
෸ᩍᤵ
≉௵෸ᩍᤵ
≉௵ຓᩍ
≉௵◊✲ဨ
Ọ஭ ೺἞
࿴⏣ ὒ
㰺⸨ ೺ኴ
୰㔝 㞞⿱
PEREZ Koldenkova VadimࠊTIWARI Dhermendra Kumar
a) ᴫせ
⏕࿨⌧㇟ࡢᮏ㉁ࡢ୍ࡘ࡜ࡋ࡚ࠊᣦᢡࡾᩘ࠼ࡿࡇ࡜ࡀฟ᮶ࡿ⛬ᗘࡢᑡᩘࡢせ⣲ศᏊ࠿ࡽᵓᡂࡉࢀࡿࢼࣀ
ࢩࢫࢸ࣒ࡀ͆༠ྠⓗ͇࡟ᶵ⬟࣭ືసࡍࡿࡇ࡜ࡀᣲࡆࡽࢀࡿࠋࡇࢀࡲ࡛͆࢔࣎࢞ࢻࣟᩘ͇⛬ᗘࡢࢱࣥࣃࢡ
㉁ࡢ཯ᛂࡸ͆༢ศᏊ͇ࡢ⣲㐣⛬ࢆほᐹࡍࡿ㸯ศᏊ࢖࣓࣮ࢪࣥࢢ࡟ࡼࡿ཯ᛂゎᯒࡀᩘከࡃሗ࿌ࡉࢀ࡚ࡁ
ࡓࡀࠊ͆ᑡᩘศᏊ͇ࡢᶵ⬟ືែࢆࠊ⏕ࡁࡓ⣽⬊ෆ࡟࠾࠸࡚ゎᯒࡋࡓ౛ࡣ࡯࡜ࢇ࡝↓࠸ࠋ⏕యศᏊᶵ⬟⛉
Ꮫ◊✲ศ㔝࡛ࡣࠊ㉸ゎീศᏊィᩘ໬ࠊศᏊᶵ⬟ࡢྍど໬࣭᧯సࢆྍ⬟࡜ࡍࡿᢏ⾡ࢆ๰ฟࡋࠊᑡᩘせ⣲ศ
Ꮚࡀዴఱ࡟ࡋ࡚ࠊ⣽⬊ᶵ⬟ࡢ㡹೺ᛶࡸ㐺ᛂᛶࢆ๰Ⓨࡍࡿࡢ࠿࡟࢔ࣉ࣮ࣟࢳࡍࡿࠋ
b) ᡂᯝ
࣭㟷㸪⥳㸪㉥ࡢ⺯ගࢆⓎࡍࡿ㉸㧗ᛶ⬟⺯ගᛶ࢝ࣝࢩ࣒࢘࢖࢜ࣥࢭࣥࢧ࣮ࢱࣥࣃࢡ㉁ࡢ㛤Ⓨ
ᡃࠎࡣ *)3 ࡢ෇㡰ิኚ␗యࡢ୧ᮎ➃࡟ 0 ࣌ࣉࢳࢻ࡜࢝ࣝ
ࣔࢪࣗࣜࣥࢆ㐃⤖ࡋࡓ *&D03 ࢆࡶ࡜࡟㑇ఏᏊ㐍໬ᕤᏛᢏ⾡
ࢆ⏝࠸࡚ࠊ&Dࢭࣥࢧ࣮ࡢᨵⰋࢆ⾜ࡗࡓࠋ࢚࣮ࣛㄏⓎ 3&5 ἲ
࡟ࡼࡾࣛࣥࢲ࣒࡟㑇ఏᏊኚ␗ࢆᑟධࡋ࡚኱⭠⳦ࡢ࣌ࣜࣉࣛ
ࢬ࣒࡟Ⓨ⌧ࡉࡏࠊ&Dࡢ᭷↓࡛⺯ගᙉᗘࡀ኱ࡁࡃኚ໬ࡍࡿ኱
⭠⳦ࢥࣟࢽ࣮ࢆ㑅ูࡍࡿࡇ࡜࡟ࡼࡗ࡚ࠊࡼࡾࢩࢢࢼࣝኚ໬㔞
ࡢ኱ࡁ࡞ &Dࢭࣥࢧ࣮㑇ఏᏊࢆ༢㞳ࡋࡓࠋࡇࡢᡭ㡰ࢆ」ᩘᅇ
ࡃࡾ࠿࠼ࡍࡇ࡜࡟ࡼࡗ࡚ࠊࡢࢩࢢࢼࣝኚ໬⋡ࢆ᭷ࡍࡿ
⥳ Ⰽ ࡢ ࢭ ࣥ ࢧ ࣮ **(&2J
JUHHQ IOXRUHVFHQW
JHQHWLFDOO\H
HQFRGHG&DLQGLFDWRUVIRURSWLFDOLPDJLQJ
ᅗ 1㸸 GECO ࢩ࣮ࣜࢬࡢ⺯ගࢫ࣌ࢡࢺࣝ
ࢆ㛤Ⓨࡋࡓࠋࡲࡓ㟷%*(&2ࡸ㉥5*(&2㸪⺯ග Ἴ㛗ィ ᆺ*(0*(&2࡞࡝ࡢᵝࠎ࡞ &Dࢭࣥࢧ࣮ࢆసࡾฟࡍࡇ࡜࡟ࡶᡂຌࡋࡓࠋ≉࡟⺯ග Ἴ㛗ᆺ &Dࢭࣥࢧ࣮
ࡣ &D⤖ྜ࡟ࡼࡾ⺯ගࢩࢢࢼࣝࡀୡ⏺᭱㧗ࡢ ࡶኚ໬ࡋ㸪ᚑ᮶ࡢ &Dࢭࣥࢧ࣮ࢆ㐭࠿࡟෽㥙ࡍࡿ
ᛶ⬟ࢆ♧ࡋࡓ㸦ᅗ㸯㸧ࠋࡇࢀࡽࡢྛ✀ &Dࢭࣥࢧ࣮ࢆ⏝࠸ࡿ஦࡛㸪࣑ࢺࢥࣥࢻࣜ࢔ࡸ᰾㸪⣽⬊㉁࡞࡝⣽⬊
ෆࢥࣥࣃ࣮ࢺ࣓ࣥࢺẖࡢ &Dኚືࡢྠ᫬ィ ࡸࠊ㟷⥳Ⰽࡢ⺯ග $73 ࢭࣥࢧ࣮࡛࠶ࡿ $7HDP ࡜ 5*(&2 ࡜ࢆ
ྠ᫬࡟Ⓨ⌧ࡉࡏࡿࡇ࡜࡟ࡼࡗ࡚ࠊ୍ࡘࡢ⣽⬊ෆࡢ
$73 ⃰ᗘ࡜ &D⃰ᗘ࡜ࢆྠ᫬࡟ ᐃࡍࡿࡇ࡜࡟ࡶ
ᡂຌࡋࡓ㸦ᅗ㸰㸧ࠋࡉࡽ࡟ࠊ⥺⹸ࡢ $:$ ឤぬࢽࣗ
࣮ࣟࣥ࡟࠾࠸࡚ࠊ*(0*(&2 ࢆⓎ⌧ࡉࡏࡓ࡜ࡇࢁࠊ
ࢪ࢔ࢭࢳ่⃭ࣝ࡟ࡼࡿ⺯ගᙉᗘẚࡢኚ໬ࢆ㗦ᩄ
࡟ほᐹࡍࡿࡇ࡜࡟ᡂຌࡋࡓࠋࡉࡽ࡟ࠊဗ㢌➽࡟࠾
࠸࡚ **(&2ࠊ5*(&2 ࢆⓎ⌧ࡉࡏࠊ➽཰⦰࡟క࠺
&D㸩ኚືࢆ ᐃࡋࡓ࡜ࡇࢁࠊ㠀ᖖ࡟኱ࡁ࡞⺯ගᙉ ᅗ䠎䠖R-GECO 䛸 mtATeam1.03 䛻䜘䜛 HeLa ⣽⬊ෆ䛾 Ca2+
ᗘኚ໬ࢆほᐹࡍࡿࡇ࡜࡟ࡶᡂຌࡋࡓࠋ[ㄽᩥ No1] 䛸 ATP 䛾ྠ᫬ྍど໬
࣭ⓑⰍගࢆග※࡜ࡍࡿ࣐ࣝࢳ࣮࢝ࣛඹ↔Ⅼࢩࢫࢸ࣒ࡢບ㉳ග฼⏝ຠ⋡ࡢᨵၿ
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⺯ගࢱࣥࣃࢡ㉁ࡸࡑࢀࢆ⏝࠸ࡓ⺯ගᣦ♧⸆ࡢ㛤Ⓨ࡟
ࡼࡾ⣽⬊ෆࡢ࢜ࣝ࢞ࢿࣛほᐹࡸ Ca2+ࠊpH ືែ➼ࡢᶵ⬟
ゎᯒࡀ⡆౽࡟⾜࠼ࡿ᫬௦࡟࡞ࡗࡓࠋࡲࡓග㍈᪉ྥ࡟㧗࠸
✵㛫ศゎ⬟ࢆࡶࡘ⏕≀⏝ඹ↔Ⅼ࣮ࣞࢨ࣮㉮ᰝ⺯ග㢧ᚤ
㙾ࡀᬑཬࡋ⤌⧊࠾ࡼࡧ⣽⬊ෆ࡛ࡢ㒊఩ࡢ୕ḟඖᵓ㐀ࡸ
స⏝㒊఩ࡢ㝈ᐃ࡟኱ࡁࡃ㈉⊩ࡋ࡚࠸ࡿࠋࡇࢀࡽᚑ᮶ࡢඹ
↔Ⅼ㢧ᚤ㙾ࡣ࣮ࣞࢨ࣮ࢆග※࡜ࡋ࡚᥇⏝ࡋ࡚࠸ࡿࡶࡢ
ࡀ୍⯡ⓗ࡛࠶ࡗࡓࠋࡋ࠿ࡋ࣮ࣞࢨ࣮ࢆග※࡜ࡋࡓሙྜࠊ
⺯ගⰍ⣲ࡈ࡜࡟ᑐᛂࡍࡿ࣮ࣞࢨ࣮ࡀᚲせ࡜࡞ࡿࡓࡵ⺯
ගⰍ⣲ࡢ㑅ᢥᛶࡀ኱ࡁࡃไ㝈ࡉࢀࡿࠋࡲࡓ࣮ࣞࢨ࣮ࡣ࢔
ࣛ࢖࣓ࣥࢺࡸ࣓ࣥࢸࢼࣥࢫࡀᐜ࡛᫆ࡣ࡞ࡃ㧗౯᱁࡜࠸
࠺Ⅼࡶ኱ࡁ࡞ࢹ࣓ࣜࢵࢺ࡛࠶ࡗࡓࠋࡇࢀࡽࡢḞⅬࢆඞ᭹
ᅗ 3: YC3.60 ࢆⓎ⌧ࡋࡓ HeLa ⣽⬊ࡢ㧗㏿ Ca2+
ࡍࡿࡓࡵ㐣ཤ࡟ᡃࠎࡣⓑⰍගࢆග※࡜ࡋ࡚᥇⏝ࡋࡓከ
࢖࣓࣮ࢪࣥࢢ(30 Hz) ࠋ(ᕥ)᪂ࢩࢫࢸ࣒ࠊ(ྑ)ᪧࢩ
Ⅼ㉮ᰝᆺඹ↔Ⅼ㢧ᚤ㙾ࢆ㛤Ⓨࡋࡓ[Saito et al. Cell Struct.
ࢫࢸ࣒ࠋ
Funct., 33: 133-141, 2008]ࠋࡋ࠿ࡋ࡞ࡀࡽⓑⰍග࡜ࡋ࡚
100-W Ỉ㖟࢔࣮ࢡࣛࣥࣉࢆග※࡜ࡋࡓࡇࡢඹ↔Ⅼ㢧ᚤ㙾ࡣບ㉳ගᙉᗘࡀప࠸࡜࠸࠺ၥ㢟ࡀ࠶ࡾ≉࡟㧗
㏿࢖࣓࣮ࢪࣥࢢ࡟࠾࠸࡚ࡑࢀࡣ㢧ⴭ࡛࠶ࡗࡓࠋࡑࡇ࡛ᮏ◊✲࡛ࡣⓑⰍගࢆ฼⏝ࡋࡓඹ↔Ⅼ㢧ᚤ㙾࡟࠾ࡅ
ࡿບ㉳ගᙉᗘࡢᨵၿࢆ┠ⓗ࡜ࡋࡓࠋ
ࡲࡎࠊⓑⰍග※࡜ࡋ࡚ LED ࢆ฼⏝ࡋࡓ᫂ࡿ࠸ග※(LightEngine Spectra,
Lumencor ♫)ࢆ⏝࠸ࡿ஦࡛ 100-W Ỉ㖟࢔࣮ࢡࣛࣥࣉࡢ⣙ 3 ಸ⛬ᗘࡢບ㉳ගᙉᗘࢆ㐩ᡂࡍࡿࡇ࡜ࡀ࡛ࡁࡓࠋ
ḟ࡟ࠊ࣐ࣝࢳ࣮ࣔࢻࣇ࢓࢖ࣂ➃࠿ࡽⓎࡏࡽࢀࡿⓑⰍගࢆຠ⋡ࡼࡃ㞟ගࡍࡿࡓࡵ࡟ࢥ࣓࣮ࣜࢺࣞࣥࢬࢆ
CSU ෆ㒊ࡢ࣮ࣞࢨ࣮⏝ࡢࡶࡢ࡛࡞ࡃ᭱㐺࡞≀࡟⨨ࡁ᥮
࠼ࡿࡇ࡜ࢆヨࡳࡓࠋࡑࡢࡓࡵ࡟ບ㉳ගᏛ⣔ࢆసᡂࡋࡓ࡜
ࡇࢁࠊᚑ᮶ࡢගᏛ⣔ࢆ⏝࠸ࡓሙྜ࡟ẚ࡭࡚ບ㉳ගᙉᗘ࡟
㸱ಸ⛬ᗘࡢᨵၿࡀぢࡽࢀࡓࠋ↔Ⅼ㊥㞳ࡢ␗࡞ࡿࢥ࣓࣮ࣜ
ࢺࣞࣥࢬࢆ࠸ࡃࡘ࠿ẚ㍑᳨ウࡋࡓ⤖ᯝࠊບ㉳ගᙉᗘࡢᨵ
ၿࡣࢥ࣓࣮ࣜࢺࣞࣥࢬࢆฟࡓᚋ࡟ග㍈࡟ᑐࡋ࡚ᖹ⾜࡟
㐍ࡴග⥺ࡔࡅ࡛࡞ࡃᩳࡵ࡟㐍ࡴග⥺ࡀບ㉳ග࡜ࡋ࡚ᐤ
୚ࡋ࡚࠸ࡿࡓࡵ࡜⪃࠼ࡽࢀࡓࠋࡲࡓ௒ᅇࡢ᪂ࡋ࠸ࢩࢫࢸ
࣒(᪂ࡋ࠸ LED ග※࡜᪂ࡋ࠸ບ㉳ගᏛ⣔ࡢ⤌ࡳྜࢃࡏ)
ࢆ⏝࠸ࡓሙྜࡶࠊ࣮ࣞࢨ࣮ࢆග※ࢆ฼⏝ࡋࡓᚑ᮶ࡢࢩࢫ
ࢸ࣒࡜✵㛫ศゎ⬟ࡣྠ➼࡛࠶ࡿࡇ࡜ࡀࢃ࠿ࡗࡓࠋࡇࡢ᪂
ࡋ࠸ࢩࢫࢸ࣒ࢆ฼⏝ࡋࠊCFP ࡜ Venus ࡢ FRET ࢆ฼⏝ࡋ
ࡓ Ca2+ᣦ♧⸆ Yellow Cameleon3.60(YC3.60)ࢆⓎ⌧ࡋࡓ
HeLa cell ࢆほᐹࡋࡓ࡜ࡇࢁࠊᚑ᮶ࡢ᪉ἲࡼࡾࡶ㩭᫂࡟
㧗㏿ Ca2+࢖࣓࣮ࢪࣥࢢࢆ⾜࠺ࡇ࡜ࡀྍ⬟࡛࠶ࡗࡓ(ᅗ 3)ࠋ
ࡲࡓ᪂ࡋ࠸ࢩࢫࢸ࣒ࢆ⏝࠸⏕⣽⬊ࡢከⰍ୕ḟඖඹ↔Ⅼ
ᅗ 4: ከⰍ୕ḟඖ࢖࣓࣮ࢪࣥࢢࠋ
࢖࣓࣮ࢪࣥࢢ(ᅗ 4)ࢆ⾜࠺஦ࡀ࡛ࡁࡓࠋ [ㄽᩥ No2]ࠋ
ཎⴭㄽᩥ
1. Zhao Y. et al., Science 333: 1888-1891, 2011
2. Saito K. et al., Cell Struct. Funct., 36: 237–246, 2011
― 79 ―
᪂⏘ᴗ๰ᡂ◊✲㒊㛛
ᴫせ
ᮏ◊✲㒊㛛ࡣࠊᖹᡂ 18 ᖺᗘ 10 ᭶࡟タ⨨ࡉࢀࠊ᪂⏘ᴗண ◊✲ศ㔝࣭᪂⏘ᴗ๰㐀ࢩࢫࢸ࣒◊✲ศ㔝࣭
▱ⓗ㈈⏘◊✲ศ㔝ࡢ 3 ࡘࡢ◊✲ศ㔝࡛ᵓᡂࡉࢀ࡚࠸ࡿࠋᮏ㒊㛛ࡣࠊ⏘◊ࡢᣢࡘ⏘ᴗ⏺࡜ࡢᐦ᥋࡞㐃ᦠࡢ
ఏ⤫ࢆ⏕࠿ࡋࠊ21 ୡ⣖ࡢ⛉Ꮫᢏ⾡࣭⏘ᴗᢏ⾡ࡢⓎᒎࢆඛᑟࡍࡿඛ➃ⓗᛂ⏝◊✲࡟ྲྀࡾ⤌ࡳࠊᡂᯝࡢ♫఍
࡬ࡢ㑏ඖ࡟㛵ࡍࡿ┠ᶆࢆ㐩ᡂࡍࡿࡓࡵࡢලయⓗ᪉⟇࡜ࡋ࡚ࠕ◊✲ᡂᯝࢆ᪂⏘ᴗࡢ๰ᡂ࡟⤖ࡧࡘࡅࡿ◊
✲ࠖࢆ⾜ࡗ࡚࠸ࡃ◊✲㒊㛛࡛ࠊ3 ࡘࡢ◊✲ศ㔝ࡢ◊✲ෆᐜࡣ௨ୗࡢ㏻ࡾ࡛࠶ࡿࠋ
࣭᪂⏘ᴗண ◊✲ศ㔝㸸௒ᚋ㐍ࡵࡿ࡭ࡁ◊✲᪉ྥ࡟ᐦ᥋࡟㛵㐃ࡍࡿᮍ᮶♫఍ࡢ⏘ᴗண ࡟㛵ࡍࡿ◊✲ࢆ
⾜࠺ࠋ
࣭᪂⏘ᴗ๰㐀ࢩࢫࢸ࣒◊✲ศ㔝㸸኱Ꮫࡢᇶ♏◊✲ࢆຠ⋡ࡼࡃ㎿㏿࠿ࡘ☜ᐇ࡟᪂⏘ᴗ࡟⤖ࡧࡘࡅࡿᇶᮏⓗ
ࢩࢫࢸ࣒ࡢᵓ⠏࡟㛵ࡍࡿ◊✲ࢆ⾜࠺ࠋ
࣭▱ⓗ㈈⏘◊✲ศ㔝㸸኱Ꮫࡢ⊂๰ⓗ࡞ᇶ♏◊✲࠿ࡽຠ⋡ࡼࡃ▱ⓗ㈈⏘ࢆ๰ฟࡋࠊ᪂ࡋ࠸₯ᅾࢽ࣮ࢬ࡟⧅
ࡀࡿά⏝࡟ྥࡅࡓ▱㈈ᡓ␎࡟㛵ࡍࡿ◊✲ࢆ⾜࠺ࠋ
᪂⏘ᴗ๰ᡂ◊✲㒊㛛࡛ࡣࠊ኱Ꮫࡢ◊✲ᡂᯝࡢ♫఍㑏ඖࡢ㐍ᒎࠊ㎿㏿࡞௻ᴗ໬ࠊ〇ရ໬࡟ࡼࡾᣢ⥆ⓗ࡞⤒
῭ⓎᒎࡸᅜẸ⏕άࡢྥୖࡀᮇᚅ࡛ࡁࡿ◊✲ࡢ᭦࡞ࡿᒎ㛤ࢆᅗࡿ◊✲ࢆ⾜ࡗ࡚࠸ࡃணᐃ࡛࠶ࡿࠋ
― 80 ―
ᣂ↥ᬺഃㅧࠪࠬ࠹ࡓ⎇ⓥಽ㊁
․છᢎ᝼
ዊୖ ၮᰴ
a) ᭎ⷐ
ᄢ㒋ᄢቇ ↥ᬺ⑼ቇ⎇ⓥᚲ(ᚲ㐳 ጊญ᣿ੱᢎ᝼)ߪ‫࡯ࠫࡠࡁࠢ࠹ࡁ࠽ޔ‬㧛࠽ࡁࠛ࡟ࠢ࠻ࡠ࠾ࠢࠬ⎇ⓥಽ
㊁ߢ‫ޔ‬਎⇇࠻࠶ࡊ࡟ࡌ࡞ߩࠦࡦ࠰࡯ࠪࠕࡓߢ޽ࠆࡌ࡞ࠡ࡯ߩ imec㧔ࠕࠗࡔ࠶ࠢ㧕ߣ‫౒ޔ‬ห⎇ⓥࠍផㅴߔ
ࠆ౒ห⎇ⓥᄾ⚂ߣ⎇ⓥ⠪ߩ⋧੕੤ᵹࠍⓍᭂ⊛ߦផㅴߔࠆ൮᜝⊛౒ห⎇ⓥᄾ⚂ࠍ‫ޔ‬ᣣᧄߩᄢቇߣߒߡೋ߼
ߡ✦⚿ߒߚ‫ޕ‬imec ߪ‫ᧄޔ‬᜚࿾ࡌ࡞ࠡ࡯ߩ࡞࡯ࡌࡦᏒ߅ࠃ߮ࠝ࡜ࡦ࠳ߩࠕࠗࡦ࠻ࡎ࡯ࡋࡦᏒߦ޽ࠆ imec-NL
㧔ࡎ࡞ࠬ࠻࠮ࡦ࠲࡯㧕ࠍ฽ࠎߛᐢ▸࿐ߥ൮᜝⊛౒ห⎇ⓥᄾ⚂ߢ޽ࠆ‫ޕ‬3 ߟߩਥⷐߥ⎇ⓥ࠹࡯ࡑ߆ࠄ౒ห
⎇ⓥࠍ㐿ᆎߔࠆ‫ޕ‬
b) ᚑᨐ
࡮਎⇇⊛ߥࠦࡦ࠰࡯ࠪࠕࡓimecߣ൮᜝౒ห⎇ⓥᄾ⚂ࠍ✦⚿
1. imec ߪ‫⃻ޔ‬࿷਎⇇ 62 ࠞ࿖‫ޔ‬600 ␠ࠍ⿧߃ࠆડᬺ߇㓸⚿ߒߡ޿ࠆ਎⇇࠻࠶ࡊ࡟ࡌ࡞߆ߟ਎⇇ᦨᄢⷙ
ᮨߩ࠽ࡁ࠹ࠢ⎇ⓥࠦࡦ࠰࡯ࠪࠕࡓ‫ޣ‬imec㧔ࠕࠗࡔ࠶ࠢ㧕㧦 Interuniversity Micro Electronics Center‫ޤ‬
2. ౒ห⎇ⓥ࠹࡯ࡑߪ‫࡟ࠛ࠼࠶࠹ࡦ࡝ࡊޔࡦ࡚ࠪ࡯ࠤ࡝ࡊࠕࠝࠗࡃޔࠬࠢ࠾ࡠ࠻ࠢ࡟ࠛࡦࡏ࡯ࠞࡁ࠽ޔ‬
ࠢࡠ࠾ࠢࠬ‫᦭ޔ‬ᯏࠛ࡟ࠢ࠻ࡠ࠾ࠢࠬ߆ࠄࠬ࠲࡯࠻
3. කቇ࡮Ꮏቇㅪ៤࠹࡯ࡑ‫ޔ‬ᖱႎ⑼ቇಽ㊁╬ߦ㗅ᰴ᜛ᄢߒߡ޿ߊ੍ቯ
4. ౒ห⎇ⓥ㐿⊒ߛߌߢߥߊ⎇ⓥ⠪‫ޔ‬PhD ቇ↢ߩ⋧੕੤ᵹ߽Ⓧᭂ⊛ߦታᣉ
imec ߪ‫ޔ‬ഃ⸳એ᧪ 27 ᐕߩᱧผࠍ᦭ߒ‫⃻ޔ‬࿷਎⇇
62 ࠞ࿖‫ޔ‬600 ␠ࠍ⿧߃ࠆડᬺ߇㓸⚿ߒߡ޿ࠆ਎⇇
࠻࠶ࡊ࡟ࡌ࡞߆ߟ਎⇇ᦨᄢⷙᮨߩ࠽ࡁ࠹ࠢ⎇ⓥ
ࠦࡦ࠰࡯ࠪࠕࡓߢ޽ࠆ‫☨ޕ‬࿖ߩࠗࡦ࠹࡞‫ࠢࠗࡑޔ‬
ࡠࡦ‫ޔ࡝࠳ࡦࠔࡈ࡞ࡃ࡯ࡠࠣޔ‬ᣣᧄߩࡄ࠽࠰࠾࠶
ࠢ‫᧲ޔࠬࠨࡀ࡞ޔ࠳࡯ࡇ࡞ࠛޔ࡯࠾࠰ޔ‬੩ࠛ࡟ࠢ
࠻ࡠࡦ‫ޔ‬ᣣ┙ࡂࠗ࠹ࠢࡁࡠࠫ࡯࠭‫ޔ‬JSR‫ޔࠞࡀࠞޔ‬
ࠝ࡜ࡦ࠳ߩࡈࠖ࡝࠶ࡊࠬ‫ޔ‬㖧࿖ߩࠨࡓ࠰ࡦ‫ޔ‬บḧ
ߩ TSMC ╬‫ޔ‬ᄙᢙߩࠣࡠ࡯ࡃ࡞ડᬺ߇ෳ↹ߒߡ
޿ࠆ‫ޕ‬ᐕ㑆✚⎇ⓥ⾌ߪ 300 ం౞ࠍ⿧߃‫⎇ޔ‬ⓥ⠪ߩ
✚⸘ 1800 ฬ‫ޕ‬
imec ߪ‫ޟޔ‬ᬺ⇇ߩ 10 ᐕవࠍⴕߊ㐿⊒ࠍⴕ߁‫ޠ‬
ࠍ⋡ᮡߦ‫ޔ‬ᰴ਎ઍ‫ޔ‬ᰴᰴ਎ઍߩࠪ࡝ࠦࡦ㓸Ⓧ࿁〝
↥⎇ߢߩ⟑ฬᑼ ߩᦨవ┵ᓸ⚦ടᎿࡊࡠ࠮ࠬ‫ࠬࠢ࠾ࡠ࠻ࠢ࡟ࠛࡠࠢࠗࡑޔ‬, ᖱႎㅢାࠪࠬ࠹ࡓߩ⎇ⓥ㐿⊒ࠍⴕߞߡ޿ࠆ‫ޕ‬
߹ߚㄭᐕߪߎࠇࠄࠪ࡝ࠦࡦ㓸Ⓧ࿁〝ߛߌߢߥߊ‫᦭ޔ࡯ࠫࡠࡁࠢ࠹ࡁ࠽ޔ‬ᯏࠛ࡟ࠢ࠻ࡠ࠾ࠢࠬ‫ࠛࠝࠗࡃޔ‬
࡟ࠢ࠻ࡠ࠾ࠢࠬ‫ߩ╬࡯ࠡ࡞ࡀࠛޔࠬࠢ࠾ࡠ࠻ࠢ࡟ࠛ࠼࠶ࠖ࠹ࡦ࡝ࡊޔ‬ᣂߒ޿ಽ㊁ߩ⎇ⓥ㐿⊒߽Ⓧᭂ⊛ߦ
ขࠅ⚵ࠎߢ޿ࠆ‫੹ޕ‬࿁ߩ౒ห⎇ⓥ࠹࡯ࡑߪ‫ޔࡦ࡚ࠪ࡯ࠤ࡝ࡊࠕࠝࠗࡃޔࠬࠢ࠾ࡠ࠻ࠢ࡟ࠛࡦࡏ࡯ࠞࡁ࠽ޔ‬
ࡊ࡝ࡦ࠹ࠖ࠶࠼ࠛ࡟ࠢ࠻ࡠ࠾ࠢࠬ‫᦭ޔ‬ᯏࠛ࡟ࠢ࠻ࡠ࠾ࠢࠬಽ㊁߆ࠄࠬ࠲࡯࠻ߒ‫ޔ‬කቇ࡮Ꮏቇㅪ៤࠹࡯ࡑ‫ޔ‬
ᖱႎ⑼ቇಽ㊁╬ߦ㗅ᰴ᜛ᄢߒߡ޿ߊ੍ቯߢ޽ࠆ‫ޕ‬
imec ߪᦨవ┵ߩ࠽ࡁ࠹ࠢࡁࡠࠫ࡯⎇ⓥ㐿⊒࡜ࠗࡦࠍ᦭ߒߡ߅ࠅ‫ᦨޔ‬వ┵࠽ࡁ࠺ࡃࠗࠬߩታ⸽߇น⢻‫ޕ‬
৻ᣇᄢ㒋ᄢቇߪ‫ࠬࡦࠛࠗࠨࡁ࠽ޔ‬㗔ၞߢᄙߊߩఝࠇߚవ㚟⊛⎇ⓥታ❣߇޽ࠅ‫ߩߎޔ‬ᄢ㒋ᄢቇߩ࠽ࡁࠨࠗ
ࠛࡦࠬߣ imec ࠽ࡁ࠹ࠢࡁࡠࠫ࡯ߣߩ⋧⵬⊛౒ห⎇ⓥߢ‫ઁޔ‬ᄢቇ‫⎇ઁޔ‬ⓥᯏ㑐ߢߪᓧࠄࠇߥ޿ఝࠇߚᦨ
వ┵⎇ⓥᚑᨐ߇ഃ಴ߢ߈ࠆߣᦼᓙߐࠇࠆ‫ޕ‬
ᐔᚑ 23 ᐕ 11 ᦬ 16 ᣣ‫ ߪ⎇↥ޔ‬imec ߩࡊ࡟ࠫ࠺ࡦ࠻/ᦨ㜞⚻༡⽿છ⠪ߩ Luc Van den hove ᳁ࠍหᚲߦ᜗
― 81 ―
⡜ߒ‫ޔ‬ਔ⠪ߢ൮᜝⊛౒ห⎇ⓥᄾ⚂ߩ⺞ශᑼࠍታᣉߒߚ‫ޕ‬౮⌀ߪ‫ޔ‬imec ߩ Luc Van den hove ᳁ߣጊญ᣿ੱ
ᚲ㐳ߣߩ⺞ශᑼߩ᭽ሶߢ޽ࠆ‫ޕ‬ᄢ㒋ᄢቇߪ‫ߦߢߔޔ‬࿖ౝߢߪ↥ቭቇㅪ៤ࠍⓍᭂ⊛ߦផㅴߒߡ޿ࠆ߇߇‫ޔ‬
imec ߣߩᐢ▸࿐ߥ౒ห⎇ⓥࠍᄢ߈ߊ᜛లߒߡ޿ߊߎߣߢ‫ࠬࡦࠛࠗࠨࡁ࠽ޔ‬㨯࠽ࡁ࠹ࠢࡁࡠࠫ࡯ಽ㊁ߢᣣ
ᧄࠍઍ⴫ߔࠆࠣࡠ࡯ࡃ࡞ㅪ៤౒ห⎇ⓥ᜚ὐߣߒߡ‫ᦨޔ‬వ┵⎇ⓥ㐿⊒ᚑᨐࠍ਎⇇ߦ⊒ାߒߡ޿ߊߣ౒ߦ‫ޔ‬
਎⇇ߦㅢ↪ߔࠆࠣࡠ࡯ࡃ࡞ੱ᧚ࠍ⢒ᚑߒߡ‫ޔ‬ᰴ਎ઍ↥ᬺߩഃ↢ߦ⽸₂ߒߡ޿ߊߎߣ߇ᦼᓙߢ߈ࠆ‫ޕ‬
࡮䇸ડᬺᐙㇱ䈮䉋䉎․೎⻠Ṷળ䉲䊥䊷䉵㩷 ડᬺᦨ೨✢䇹䉕㐿௅
2012ᐕ2᦬9ᣣࠃࠅ3࿁ߦಽߌߡ↥⎇ࠗࡦࠠࡘࡌ࡯࡚ࠪࡦ᫟1F⻠⟵ቶߦߡࠪ࡝࡯࠭ߢ㐿௅ߒߚ‫╙ޕ‬1࿁ߪ
2᦬9ᣣߦࡄ࠽࠰࠾࠶ࠢ
ᩣߩవ┵ᛛⴚ⎇ⓥᚲᚲ㐳ߩ਄↰ᄢഥ᳁ࠍ‫╙ޔ‬2࿁ߪ2᦬15ᣣߦਃ⪉㔚ᯏ
ᩣ೽␠
㐳ߩਭ㑆๺↢᳁ࠍ‫╙ޔ‬3࿁ߪࠪࡖ࡯ࡊ㧔ᩣ㧕ᛛⴚᧄㇱ㐳ኾോข✦ᓎߩ⽾੗ቁ᳁ࠍ᜗⡜ߒߡ‫ޔ‬ฦડᬺߩᦨ
ᣂ⎇ⓥേะߣ዁᧪ዷᦸ‫ޔ‬㒋ᄢ෸߮㒋ᄢቇ↢ߦᦸ߻ߎߣ╬ࠍߏ⻠Ṷ޿ߚߛ߈‫ޔ‬㕖Ᏹߦᵴ⊒ߢ᦭ᗧ⟵ߩ޽ࠆ
࠺ࠖࠬࠞ࠶࡚ࠪࡦ߇ߢ߈ߚ‫߫߃଀ޕ‬਄↰᳁߆ࠄߪ‫ޔ‬GaNࡄࡢ࡯࠺ࡃࠗࠬߩᦨᣂᛛⴚേะ‫ޔ‬෸߮ᛛⴚࠍ⋡
ᜰߔ⧯ᚻߦ⿅ࠆ⸒⪲ߣߒߡߪ‫ޟޔ‬ഃㅧ
creationࠃࠅᗐ௝
imagination߇ᄢಾ‫ޕ‬ᗐ௝ജ߇ߔߴߡߩᆎ߹ࠅ
ߢ޽ࠅ‫ࠍࡦ࡚ࠪ࡯ࡀࠫࡑࠗޔ‬௛߆ߖࠆ⸠✵ࠍ㧍‫ߣޔޠ‬ỗബߐࠇߚ‫ޕ‬ਭ㑆᳁ߪ‫╙ޔ‬4ᦼ⑼ቇᛛⴚၮᧄ⸘↹
ߩၮᧄᣇ㊎‫ޔ‬዁᧪ߦࠊߚࠆᜬ⛯⊛ᚑ㐳ߣ␠ળߩታ⃻ᣉ╷ߣߒߡ‫ࡁࠗࡈࠗ࡜ޔࡦ࡚ࠪ࡯ࡌࡁࠗࡦ࡯࡝ࠣޔ‬
ࡌ࡯࡚ࠪࠪࡦߩផㅴ‫↥ߩࠄ߆ࠇߎޔ‬ቭቇㅪ៤ᒝൻ╷ߣߒߡ‫ޔ‬ᛛⴚ㐿⊒ߣ↥ᬺ┹੎ജ߇৻૕ߣߥࠆ᡽╷‫ޔ‬
ᦨ⚳಴ญߩ᣿⏕ൻ࡮↥ቇߩ౒᦭ൻ‫ޔ‬ᶏᄖ⎇ⓥ⠪߇㓸߹ࠆ㘑࿯╬߇㊀ⷐߢ޽ࠆߣ⻠Ṷߐࠇ‫ޕ‬㒋ᄢ↢ߦኻߒ
ߡߪ‫ޟޔ‬㊁ᔃࠍ߽ߞߡੱ↢⸳⸘ࠍߚߡߡ߶ߒ޿‫ޕߚࠇ߆⺑ߣޠ‬
↥⎇᭴ౝ㐿௅᩺ౝ㩘㩩㩇㩊㨺㩷 㩷 㩷 㩷 㩷 㩷
㩷 㩷 ․೎⻠Ṷળߩળ႐శ᥊
80ฬᒝߩ⡬ⴐෳ↹
― 82 ―
▱ⓗ㈈⏘◊✲ศ㔝
≉௵ᩍᤵ㸦ව௵㸧
ΎỈ ⿱୍
ᐈဨᩍᤵ㸦ව௵㸧
⋢஭ ㄔ୍㑻
ᣍ࡬࠸෸ᩍᤵ ᮧ⏣ ㈗ὒ
a) ᴫせ
ᮦᩱ࣭᝟ሗ࣭⏕యศ㔝ࢆ⼥ྜࡋࡓ᪂ࡋ࠸⛉Ꮫᢏ⾡ศ㔝࡟࠾ࡅࡿ኱Ꮫࡢ⊂๰ⓗ࡞ᇶ♏◊✲࠿ࡽ⏕ࡲࢀࡿ
ከᒱ࡟ரࡿ▱ぢ࠿ࡽࠊຠ⋡ࡼࡃ▱ⓗ㈈⏘ࢆ๰ฟࡋά⏝ࡍࡿࡇ࡜ࡀồࡵࡽࢀ࡚࠸ࡿࠋᮏ◊✲ศ㔝࡛ࡣࠊ◊
✲㛤Ⓨ࡟࠾ࡅࡿ▱ⓗ㈈⏘ࡢ๰ฟࠊ▱ⓗ㈈⏘ࡢศᯒ࣭ホ౯ࠊά⏝ࢆຠ⋡ⓗ࡟⾜࠺᪉ἲࡸࣉࣟࢭࢫ➼࡟ࡘ࠸
࡚ࠊୡ⏺࡟ඛ㥑ࡅ࡚᪂ࡋ࠸₯ᅾࢽ࣮ࢬ࡟⧅ࡀࡿ▱㈈ᡓ␎ࡢ◊✲ࢆ⾜ࡗ࡚࠸ࡿࠋ
b) ᡂᯝ
࣭≉チㄪᰝ࡟ࡼࡿ⏘Ꮫ㐃ᦠࣃ࣮ࢺࢼ࣮ࡢ᥈⣴ᡭἲࡢ◊✲
኱Ꮫࡢಖ᭷ࡍࡿ▱ⓗ㈈⏘ࡢά⏝ࢆಁ㐍ࡍࡿࡓࡵࠊ⏘ᴗ⏺࡟࠾ࡅࡿ࢔ࣛ࢖࢔ࣥࢫࡸඹྠ◊✲ࡢ┦ᡭࢆ≉
チㄪᰝ࡟ࡼࡗ࡚᥈⣴ࡍࡿᡭἲࡢ◊✲ࢆ⾜ࡗࡓࠋ≉チศ㢮᳨⣴ࢆ⏝࠸࡚ᑓ㛛࣭ᑓᴗᛶࡢ㧗࠸௻ᴗࢆ᥈⣴ࡍ
ࡿᡭἲࡀࠊ኱Ꮫࡢ◊✲࡜࣐ࢵࢳࣥࢢࡋᛂ⏝ᒎ㛤ࡢྍ⬟ᛶࡢ㧗࠸௻ᴗࢆぢฟࡍୖ࡛ࠊ᭷ຠ࡛࠶ࡿࡇ࡜ࡢ᳨
ドࢆ㐍ࡵ࡚࠸ࡿࠋ
࣭⏘Ꮫ㐃ᦠ࡟ࡼࡿ᪂つ஦ᴗศ㔝ᨭ᥼ࡢ᳨ウ
௨ୗࡢ᪂つ஦ᴗศ㔝ࡢᢏ⾡㛤Ⓨㄢ㢟࡜⏘Ꮫ㐃ᦠ࡟ࡼࡿ◊✲㛤Ⓨෆᐜ࡟ࡘ࠸᳨࡚ウࢆ⾜ࡗࡓࠋ
ࠕኳ↛⣲ᮦࡢ௜ຍ౯್௜ࡅࢆྍ⬟࡜ࡍࡿ᪂せ⣲ᢏ⾡ࠖ
ࠕ࣮ࣞࢨ↷᫂ᢏ⾡ࠖ
ࠕ㧗ࢣ࢖⣲ࢫࢸࣥࣞࢫ㗰ࡢ⤖ᬗ⢏ᚤ⣽໬࡟ࡼࡿᡴ㘄㔠ᆺࡢ㧗ᛶ⬟໬ᢏ⾡ࠖ
࣭ࡑࡢ௚
୰ᑠ௻ᴗࢆ୰ᚰ࡜ࡍࡿ௻ᴗࡢ⤒Ⴀᒙࠊ⟶⌮⪅ᒙࢆᑐ㇟࡟ࡋࡓࠊ▱ⓗ㈈⏘ࡢᡓ␎ⓗ࡞☜❧ࠊಖㆤࠊά⏝
࡟㛵ࡍࡿ▱㆑ࢆᥦ౪ࡍࡿ 6 ᅇࢩ࣮ࣜࢬࡢ͆▱㈈ࢭ࣑ࢼ࣮͇ࢆᮾிᆅ༊ཬࡧ኱㜰ᆅ༊࡛ࡑࢀࡒࢀ㛤ദࡋࡓࠋ
― 83 ―
ᡤ㛗≉௵◊✲ᐊ㸦᭱ඛ➃ PJ㸧
≉௵ᩍᤵ
≉௵ຓᩍ
≉௵ᢏ⾡ᑓ㛛⫋ဨ
≉௵◊✲ဨ
஦ົ⿵బဨ
ᕝྜ ▱஧
኱ᇛ ᩗேࠊྂᶫ ໷ᖾࠊᯇཎ ୍႐ࠊ㱟ᓮ ዌ
ᑠ࿴⏣ ᘯᯞ
⟄஭ ┿ᴋࠊHe YuhuiࠊSakon Rahongࠊ㏆⏣ ࿴⨾ࠊಖᡭ὾ ༓⤮ࠊᕝ℩ ᭸௦ࠊ
ᮧᒣ ࡉ࡞࠼ࠊᒣ⏣ 㔛⤮
ᙧᒣ ᘺ⏕
a) ᴫせ
ᙜ◊✲ᐊ࡛ࡣࠊෆ㛶ᗓ᭱ඛ➃◊✲㛤Ⓨᨭ᥼ࣉࣟࢢ࣒ࣛFIRST࡟᥇ᢥࡉࢀࡓࣉࣟࢪ࢙ࢡࢺ㸸ࠕ㸯ศᏊ
ゎᯒᢏ⾡ࢆᇶ┙࡜ࡋࡓ㠉᪂ࢼࣀࣂ࢖࢜ࢹࣂ࢖ࢫࡢ㛤Ⓨ◊✲̿㉸㧗㏿༢ศᏊDNAࢩ࣮ࢡ࢚ࣥࢩࣥࢢࠊ㉸
ప⃰ᗘ࢘࢖ࣝࢫ᳨▱ࠊᴟ㝈⏕యศᏊࣔࢽࢱࢽࣥࢢࡢᐇ⌧̿ࠖ㸦␎⛠㸸ᕝྜࣉࣟࢪ࢙ࢡࢺ㸧࡜ࡋ࡚2010
ᖺ4᭶ࡼࡾ◊✲ࢆࢫࢱ࣮ࢺࡉࡏࠊ⏕యࢆᵓᡂࡍࡿせ⣲ࡢ୰࡛ᶵ⬟ࢆࡶࡘ᭱ᑠ༢఩࡛࠶ࡿࢱࣥࣃࢡ㉁ࡸ
DNA࡞࡝ࡢศᏊࠊ࠾ࡼࡧ࢘࢖ࣝࢫࡸ࢔ࣞࣝࢠ࣮ࡢࡶ࡜࡜࡞ࡿ≀㉁ࢆ୍ࡘ୍ࡘศ㞳ࠊ᳨ฟࠊゎᯒ࡛ࡁࡿ㠉
᪂ⓗ࡞ᢏ⾡ࡸࢹࣂ࢖ࢫࡢ㛤Ⓨࢆ┠ᣦࡋ࡚࠸ࡿࠋ
୺࡞◊✲ㄢ㢟࡜ࡋ࡚ࡣࠊࠕ㸯ศᏊ࣭㸯⢏Ꮚࡢ㟁Ẽⓗ᳨ฟ࣭㆑ูࢆྍ⬟࡜ࡍࡿࢤ࣮ࢸ࢕ࣥࢢࢼࣀ/࣐࢖ࢡ
࣏ࣟ࢔ࡢ㛤ⓎࠖࠊࠕDNAศᏊࡢࢼࣀ࣏࢔㏻㐣㏿ᗘࡢไᚚࠖࠊࠕࢼࣀᵓ㐀యࢆ࢖ࣥࢸࢢ࣮ࣞࢺࡋࡓ࣐࢖ࢡ
ࣟὶ㊰࡟ࡼࡿDNAศᏊࡢศ㞳࣭ఙ㛗ࠖࠊࠕ㸯ศᏊ᳨ฟ࣭ゎᯒࢆ┠ᣦࡋࡓගࢤ࣮ࢸ࢕ࣥࢢࢼࣀ࣏࢔ࡢ㛤Ⓨࠖ
ࡀᣲࡆࡽࢀࡿࠋ
b) ᡂᯝ
࣭㸯ศᏊ࣭ ⢏Ꮚࡢ㟁Ẽⓗ᳨ฟ࣭㆑ูࢆྍ⬟࡜ࡍࡿࢤ࣮ࢸ࢕ࣥࢢࢼࣀ࣐࢖ࢡ࣏ࣟ࢔ࡢ㛤Ⓨ
๓ᖺᗘ࡟ᘬࡁ⥆ࡁࠊ༢୍DNAศᏊࡢሷᇶ㓄
ิࡢㄞࡳྲྀࡾࢆྍ⬟࡜ࡍࡿࢼࣀ/࣐࢖ࢡࣟࢧ
࢖ࢬࡢ࣏࢔࡜ศᏊࢧ࢖ࢬࡢࢠࣕࢵࣉ㔠ᒓ㟁
ᴟࢆᣢࡘࢤ࣮ࢸ࢕ࣥࢢࢼࣀ/࣐࢖ࢡ࣏ࣟ࢔ࢹ
ࣂ࢖ࢫ㸦ᅗ1a㸧ࡢస〇ࣉࣟࢭࢫࡢ㛤Ⓨ࡜ヨస
ࢆ⾜ࡗࡓࠋヨసᙜึࡢ࣏࢔ࢧ࢖ࢬࡣᩘ༑ Pm
⛬ᗘ࡛࠶ࡗࡓࡀࠊࣉࣟࢭࢫࡢᨵၿࢆ㐍ࡵࡿࡇ
࡜࡛ࠊ┤ᚄ14 nmࡲ࡛⦰ᑠࡍࡿࡇ࡜࡟ᡂຌࡋ
ࡓࠋࡉࡽ࡟ࠊࢤ࣮ࢸ࢕ࣥࢢࢼࣀ࣏࢔࡜ࢼࣀ/
࣐࢖ࢡࣟὶ㊰ࢆ㞟✚ࡋࡓࢹࣂ࢖ࢫࡢ㛤Ⓨ࡟
ࡶᡂຌࡋ࡚࠸ࡿ㸦ᅗ1b㸧ࠋࡲࡓࠊヨసࡋࡓࢤ
࣮ࢸ࢕ࣥࢢࢼࣀ/࣐࢖ࢡ࣏ࣟ࢔ࢹࣂ࢖ࢫࢆ⏝
࠸࡚ࠊ⁐ᾮ୰ࡢᚤ⢏Ꮚࡢ᳨ฟࢆヨࡳࡓࠋ2✀
㢮ࡢ࣏ࣜࢫࢳࣞࣥࣅ࣮ࢬ㸦┤ᚄ40 Pmཬࡧ80
ᅗ 1 (a)ࢤ࣮ࢸ࢕ࣥࢢࢼࣀ࣏࢔ࡢᶍᘧᅗ࠾ࡼࡧ(b)ヨసࡋࡓ㞟✚ࢼࣀ࣏
Pm㸧ࡀᣑᩓࡋ࡚࠸ࡿ⦆⾪⁐ᾮࢆ࣐࢖ࢡ࣏ࣟ ࢔ࢹࣂ࢖ࢫࡢ SEM ീࠋ(c) 2 ✀㢮ࡢ࣏ࣜࢫࢳࣞࣥࣅ࣮ࢬࢆὶࡋࡓ᫬ࡢ࢖
࢔ࢹࣂ࢖ࢫ࡟ὶࡋࡘࡘࠊ࣏࢔ࢆὶࢀࡿ࢖࢜ࣥ ࢜ࣥ㟁ὶኚ໬ࠋ(d) ྛࣆ࣮ࢡࡢ㟁ὶኚ໬㔞ࡢࣄࢫࢺࢢ࣒ࣛࠋ
㟁ὶࢆィ ࡋࡓ࡜ࡇࢁࠊࣃࣝࢫ≧ࡢ㟁ὶῶᑡ
ࡀぢࡽࢀࡓ㸦ᅗ1c㸧ࠋࡑࡢῶᑡ㔞ࡣ㞳ᩓⓗ࡞್ࢆྲྀࡗ࡚࠸ࡿࡇ࡜࠿ࡽࠊࣅ࣮ࢬࡢ኱ࡁࡉ࡟㉳ᅉࡋ࡚࠸ࡿ
ࡇ࡜ࡀண᝿ࡉࢀࡓࠋࡑࡇ࡛ࠊྛࣆ࣮ࢡࡢ኱ࡁࡉ࡟㛵ࡋ࡚ࣄࢫࢺࢢ࣒ࣛࢆస〇ࡋࡓ࡜ࡇࢁࠊྛࣅ࣮ࢬࢧ࢖
ࢬ࡟ᑐᛂࡍࡿࣆ࣮ࢡࡀぢࡽࢀࠊࢼࣀ㸦࣐࢖ࢡࣟ㸧࣏࢔࡟ࡼࡾᚤ⢏Ꮚࡢ኱ࡁࡉࢆ㆑ู࡛ࡁࡿࡇ࡜ࡀ᫂ࡽ࠿
࡟࡞ࡗࡓ㸦ᅗ1d㸧ࠋ
࣭'1$ ศᏊࡢࢼࣀ࣏࢔㏻㐣㏿ᗘࡢไᚚ
― 84 ―
༢୍ DNA ศᏊࡢሷᇶ㓄ิࢩ࣮ࢣࣥࢫ࡟ࡣࠊ
ศᏊࡢ㓄ྥཬࡧ㐠ືไᚚࡀ୙ྍḞ࡛࠶ࡿࠋࡑ
ࡇ࡛ࠊࢼࣀ࣏࢔ෆࢆ DNA ศᏊࡀ㏻㐣᫬ࡢ㏿ᗘ
ࢆไᚚࡍࡿࡓࡵ࡟ࠊไᚚ㟁ᴟ㸦ࢤ࣮ࢺ㟁ᴟ㸧
ࢆᣢࡘࢼࣀ࣏࢔ࡢస〇࡜ホ౯ࢆ⾜ࡗࡓࠋ⌮ㄽ
ィ⟬࡟࠾࠸࡚ࡣࠊࢤ࣮ࢺ㟁ᴟ࡬ࡢ㟁ᅽ༳ຍ࡟
ࡼࡾࢼࣀ࣏࢔ෆࡢ㟁Ẽᾐ㏱ὶࡢ኱ࡁࡉࡀኚ໬
ࡋࠊDNA ศᏊࡢ㏿ᗘࡀไᚚྍ⬟࡛࠶ࡿࡇ࡜ࡀ
ᅗ 2 (a)ࢧࣛ࢘ࣥࢻࢤ࣮ࢺཬࡧ(b)ไᚚ㟁ᴟࡀ௜࠸ࡓ In-plain ᆺࢼࣀ࣏
ண᝿ࡉࢀࡓࠋࡑࡇ࡛ࠊ᭱ඛ➃ࡢᚤ⣽ຍᕤᢏ⾡ ࢔ࢹࣂ࢖ࢫࡢ SEM ീࠋࢧࣛ࢘ࣥࢻࢤ࣮ࢺࡢ୰ኸ࡛ࡣࢼࣀ࣏࢔ࡀᇶᯈ
ࢆ㥑౑ࡋ࡚ࠊࢼࣀ࣏࢔ࢆᅖࡴࡼ࠺࡞ࢻ࣮ࢼࢶ ⿬ഃࡲ࡛㈏㏻ࡋ࡚࠸ࡿࠋ
ᆺࡢ㔠㟁ᴟ㸦ࢧࣛ࢘ࣥࢻࢤ࣮ࢺ㸧ࢆヨసࡋࡓ࡜ࡇࢁ㸦ᅗ 2a㸧ࠊDNA ศᏊࡀࢼࣀ࣏࢔ࢆ㏻㐣ࡍࡿࡇ࡜ࡀ
☜ㄆ࡛ࡁࡓࠋࡲࡓࠊin-plain ᆺࡢࢼࣀ࣏࢔࡟࠾࠸࡚ࡶ㏿ᗘไᚚ⏝ࡢ㟁ᴟࢆタࡅࠊࡑࡢᛶ⬟ホ౯ࢆ⾜ࡗࡓ㸦ᅗ
2b㸧ࠋDNA ࢆὶࡋ࡞ࡀࡽ࢖࢜ࣥ㟁ὶኚ໬ࢆほ ࡋࡓ࡜ࡇࢁࠊ๓㡯࡜ྠᵝ࡟ࣃࣝࢫ≧ࡢ㟁ὶῶᑡࡀぢࡽ
ࢀࡓࠋไᚚ㟁ᴟ࡬ࡢ㟁ᅽ༳ຍࡢ᭷↓࡛ࣃࣝࢫᖜࢆẚ㍑ࡍࡿ࡜ࠊ㟁ᅽ༳ຍࡋࡓሙྜ࡟ࡣࣃࣝࢫᖜࡀ஧᱆኱
ࡁࡃ࡞ࡗ࡚࠸ࡿࡇ࡜ࡀุ᫂ࡋࡓࠋࡇࡢࣃࣝࢫᖜࡣ DNA ศᏊࡢࢼࣀ࣏࢔㏻㐣᫬㛫࡟ᑐᛂࡋ࡚࠸ࡿࡇ࡜࠿
ࡽࠊࢤ࣮ࢺ㟁ᅽ࡟ࡼࡾ DNA ࡢὋື㏿ᗘࢆ㟁Ẽⓗ࡟ไᚚ࡛ࡁࡿࡇ࡜ࢆᐇドࡋࡓ࡜ゝ࠼ࡿࠋ
࣭ࢼࣀᵓ㐀యࢆ࢖ࣥࢸࢢ࣮ࣞࢺࡋࡓ࣐࢖ࢡࣟὶ㊰࡟ࡼࡿ '1$ ศᏊࡢศ㞳࣭ఙ㛗
㧗㏿࡞DNAศᏊࡢࢧ࢖ࢬศ㞳ࡸὶືࢲ࢖ࢼ
࣑ࢡࢫไᚚࢆᐇ⌧ࡍࡿࡓࡵ࡟ࠊࢤ࣮ࢸ࢕ࣥࢢࢼ
ࣀ࣏࢔࡬࡜⧅ࡀࡿࢼࣀ/࣐࢖ࢡࣟὶ㊰࠾ࡼࡧࢼ
ࣀᵓ㐀య㸦ࢼࣀ࣡࢖࣮ࣖ㸧ࡢᵓ㐀タィ࣭స〇ࢆ
⾜ࡗࡓࠋ25 Pmᖜࡢ࣐࢖ࢡࣟὶ㊰ෆ࡟᰾࡜࡞ࡿ
㔠ⷧ⭷ࢆࣃࢱ࣮ࢽࣥࢢᚋ࡟஧㓟໬ࢫࢬ㸦SnO2
㸧ࢆᡂ㛗ࡉࡏࡿࡇ࡜࡛ࠊࢼࣀ࣡࢖࣮ࣖᐦᗘࢆไ
ᚚࡍࡿࡇ࡜࡟ᡂຌࡋࡓ㸦ᅗ3a㸧ࠋࡇࡢࢹࣂ࢖ࢫ ᅗ (a) SnO ࢼࣀ࣡࢖࣮ࣖࢆ⤌ࡳྜࢃࡏࡓ࣐࢖ࢡࣟὶ㊰ࡢ SEM
2
࡟DNAࢆ㟁ẼὋືࡉࡏࡓ࡜ࡇࢁࠊᩘ⛊ෆ࡟DNA ീࠋ(b)ࢤ࣮ࢸ࢕ࣥࢢࢼࣀ࣏࢔࡬ఙ㛗ࡋ࡞ࡀࡽ DNA ࢆㄏᑟࡍࡿࢼࣀ
ࢆఙ㛗ࡉࡏࡿࡇ࡜ࢆ☜ㄆࡋࡓࠋࡉࡽ࡟ࠊDNAศ ὶ㊰ࡢᶍᘧᅗࠋᕥୗࡣ⺯ගᰁⰍࡋࡓ DNA ࢆ㢧ᚤ㙾࡛ほᐹࡋࡓ෗┿ࠋ
Ꮚࡢࢧ࢖ࢬ㑅ู࡟ࡘ࠸࡚◊✲ࢆ㐍ࡵ࡚࠸ࡿࠋ
ࡲࡓࠊఙ㛗ࡋࡓ≧ែࢆ⥔ᣢࡋࡓࡲࡲDNAศᏊࢆࢤ࣮ࢸ࢕ࣥࢢࢼࣀ࣏࢔࡟ຠ⋡ࡼࡃㄏᑟࡍࡿࡓࡵࡢࢼࣀ
ὶ㊰㸦ᅗ3b㸧ࡢタィ࣭ヨసࢆ๓ᖺ࡟ᘬࡁ⥆ࡁ⾜ࡗࡓࠋేࡏ࡚ࠊ㢧ᚤ㙾ࢆ⏝࠸ࡓ༢DNAศᏊࡢ᳨ฟᡭἲࢆ
☜❧ࡋࡓࠋ┤ᚄ40 nmࡢ⺯ග⢏Ꮚࢆ⏝࠸࡚ࢼࣀὶ㊰ᖜ࡜Ὃື㏿ᗘࡢ┦㛵ࢆㄪᰝࡋࡓ࡜ࡇࢁࠊὶ㊰ࡀ⊃㝼
࡟࡞ࡿ࡟ࡘࢀ࡚㏿ᗘࡀୖ᪼ࡋ࡚࠾ࡾࠊDNAࢆఙ㛗ࡉࡏࡿຊࡀ࠿࠿ࡗ࡚࠸ࡿࡇ࡜ࡀ᫂ࡽ࠿࡟࡞ࡗࡓࠋ
࣭㸯ศᏊ᳨ฟ࣭ゎᯒࢆ┠ᣦࡋࡓගࢤ࣮ࢸ࢕ࣥࢢࢼࣀ࣏࢔ࡢ㛤Ⓨ
๓㡯ࡢࢤ࣮ࢸ࢕ࣥࢢࢼࣀ࣏࢔ࢹࣂ࢖ࢫࡢ࢔
ࢼࣟࢪ࣮࡜ࡋ࡚ࠊ㟁ᴟࢆගᑟἼ㊰࡛⨨ࡁ᥮࠼ࡿ
ࡇ࡜࡛ගᑟἼ㊰ࢠࣕࢵࣉࢆ㏻㐣ࡍࡿ༢ศᏊࢆ
ග࡟ࡼࡾ᳨ฟ࡛ࡁࡿ࡜ᮇᚅࡉࢀࡿࠋྍど㡿ᇦ࡟
࠾࠸࡚㏱㐣⋡ࡀ㧗ࡃࠊᒅᢡ⋡ࡢ኱ࡁ࠸஧㓟໬ࢳ
ࢱࣥ㸦TiO2㸧ࡣࢠࣕࢵࣉගᑟἼ㊰ࢹࣂ࢖ࢫ࡟㐺
ࡋࡓᮦᩱ࡛࠶ࡿࠋࡑࡇ࡛ᚤ⣽ຍᕤᢏ⾡ࢆ⏝࠸࡚ࠊ ᅗ ࢠࣕࢵࣉᵓ㐀ࢆᣢࡘࢳࣕࢿࣝ TiO2 ගᑟἼ㊰ࡢ SEM ീ࡜ࢠࣕࢵࣉ
࣐࢖ࢡࣟ㹼ࢧࣈ࣐࢖ࢡࣟࢧ࢖ࢬࡢࢠࣕࢵࣉࢆ ᖜ࡟ᑐࡍࡿ㏱㐣⋡ࡢኚ໬ࠋ
ᣢࡘࢳࣕࢿࣝᆺ TiO2 ගᑟἼ㊰ࢆస〇ࡋࠊග㏱
㐣⋡࡜ࢠࣕࢵࣉࢧ࢖ࢬࡢ┦㛵ࢆㄪ࡭ࡓ㸦ᅗ 4㸧ࠋࢠࣕࢵࣉ࡟࠾࠸࡚ගࡢ₃ࢀࡀ࠶ࡿࡓࡵ࡟㏱㐣⋡ࡣࢠࣕ
ࢵࣉᖜࡀ኱ࡁࡃ࡞ࡿ࡟ࡘࢀ࡚⦆ࡸ࠿࡟ῶᑡࡍࡿࡀࠊᩘ࣐࢖ࢡ࣓࣮ࣟࢺࣝᖜࡢࢠࣕࢵࣉ࡟࠾࠸࡚ࡣ⺯ගศ
Ꮚࢆບ㉳ࡍࡿࡢ࡟༑ศ࡞ගᙉᗘࢆಖᣢࡋ࡚࠸ࡿࡇ࡜ࡀ᫂ࡽ࠿࡟࡞ࡗࡓࠋࡇࡢᡂᯝࡣࠊ࣐࢖ࢡࣟὶ㊰࡜
TiO2 ᑟἼ㊰࠿ࡽ࡞ࡿ᳨ฟගᏛ⣔ࢆ୍ࢳࢵࣉୖ࡟㞟✚ࡋࠊ㉸ᑠᆺ༢ศᏊㄆ㆑ࢩࢫࢸ࣒ࢆᵓ⠏ࡍࡿୖ࡛㔜せ
࡛࠶ࡿࠋ
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ឤᰁไᚚᏛ◊✲ศ㔝㸦➨㸰ࣉࣟࢪ࢙ࢡࢺ◊✲ศ㔝㸧
෸ᩍᤵ
≉௵ຓᩍ
኱Ꮫ㝔Ꮫ⏕
Ꮫ㒊Ꮫ⏕
ᢏ⾡ဨ
す㔝 㑥ᙪ
す㔝 ⨾㒔Ꮚ
኱㔝 ឡᏊࠊᒣᓮ ඃࠊᒣᓮ ⪷ྖ
ᯘ ඞᙪ
(ୖグ኱Ꮫ㝔⏕࠾ࡼࡧᏛ㒊Ꮫ⏕ࡣ㐃ᦠ◊✲ᐊࡢ⏕య᝟ሗไᚚᏛ◊✲ศ㔝ࡼࡾཷධ)
⚟ᓥ ឡᏊ
a) ᴫせ
㏆ᖺࠊ⸆࡛἞⒪ࡍࡿࡇ࡜ࡢ࡛ࡁ࡞࠸⸆๣⪏ᛶ⳦࡟ࡼࡿឤᰁ⑕ࡀฟ⌧ࡋࠊୡ⏺ඹ㏻ࡢ῝้࡞ၥ㢟࡜࡞ࡗ
࡚࠸ࡿࠋᮏ◊✲ศ㔝࡛ࡣࠊࡇࢀࡽᢠ⳦⸆ࡀຠ࠿࡞ࡃ࡞ࡗࡓ⸆๣⪏ᛶ⳦࡟ࡼࡿឤᰁ⑕ࡢ᣺⯆ࢆᮍ↛࡟㜵ࡄ
ࡇ࡜ࢆ┠ⓗ࡜ࡋ࡚ࠊ◊✲࡟ྲྀࡾ⤌ࢇ࡛࠸ࡿࠋ⑓ཎ⳦ࡢ㐺ᛂຊ࡜㐍໬ࡢ௙⤌ࡳࢆ᫂ࡽ࠿࡟ࡋࡓୖ࡛ࠊ⣽⳦
ࡢ⸆๣⪏ᛶ࡜⑓ཎᛶࢆྠ᫬࡟㍍ῶࡍࡿࡇ࡜ࡢ࡛ࡁࡿ᪂つ἞⒪ἲ☜❧ࢆ┠ᣦࡋ࡚࠸ࡿࠋ
b) ᡂᯝ
࣭ࢧࣝࣔࢿࣛ⸆๣᤼ฟࢺࣛࣥࢫ࣏࣮ࢱ࣮$FU' ࡢᶵ⬟࡟࠾ࡅࡿ $FU$ ࡢᙺ๭
⸆๣᤼ฟ࣏ࣥࣉࡣ⣽⳦ࡢከ๣⪏ᛶ໬࡟㛵୚ࡋࠊ㏆ᖺࠊឤᰁ⑕἞⒪ࡢሙ࡟࠾࠸࡚኱ࡁ࡞ၥ㢟࡜࡞ࡗ࡚࠸
ࡿࠋ≉࡟ᙉຊ࡞ RND ᆺ᤼ฟ࣏ࣥࣉࡣࠊࢧࣝࣔࢿࣛ࡟ 5 ✀㢮Ꮡᅾࡋ࡚࠾ࡾࠊ㏻ᖖࠊࡑࡢᶵ⬟࡟ᚲせ࡛࠶
ࡿ⭷⼥ྜ⺮ⓑ㉁㸦MFP㸧ࡶྠࡌ࢜࣌ࣟࣥୖ࡟ࢥ࣮ࢻࡉࢀ࡚࠸ࡿࡇ࡜ࡀ▱ࡽࢀ࡚࠸ࡿࠋࡋ࠿ࡋ࡞ࡀࡽࠊRND
ᆺ᤼ฟ࣏ࣥࣉ AcrD 㑇ఏᏊࡢ㏆ഐ࡟ࡣ MFP ࡀࢥ࣮ࢻࡉࢀ࡚࠾ࡽࡎࠊAcrD ࡢᶵ⬟࡟ᚲせ࡞ MFP ࡟ࡘ࠸࡚
ࡣᮍࡔศ࠿ࡗ࡚࠸࡞࠸ࠋࡑࡇ࡛ᮏ◊✲࡛ࡣࠊࢧࣝࣔࢿࣛࡢ AcrD ᤼ฟࢩࢫࢸ࣒࡟࠾ࡅࡿ MFP ࡢྠᐃࢆ⾜
ࡗࡓࠋ㏻ᖖᇵ㣴᮲௳ୗ࡛၏୍ࠊᖖ࡟Ⓨ⌧ࡋ࡚࠸ࡿ RND ᆺ⸆๣᤼ฟࢩࢫࢸ࣒࡛࠶ࡿ AcrB ࡟╔┠ࡋࠊࡇࡢ
ࢩࢫࢸ࣒ࡢᶵ⬟࡟ᚲせ࡞ MFP ࡢ AcrA ࡞ࡽࡧ࡟እ⭷⺮ⓑ㉁ TolC ࡢ㑇ఏᏊḞᦆᰴࢆస〇ࡋࡓࠋTolC ࡣࠊ
AcrB ࡸ AcrD ࢆྵࡴᵝࠎ࡞⸆๣᤼ฟ࣏ࣥࣉ࡜┦஫స⏝ࡍࡿእ⭷㍺㏦⺮ⓑ㉁࡛࠶ࡿࠋྛ✀ࣉࣛࢫ࣑ࢻࢆࡇ
ࢀࡽࡢḞᦆᰴ࡟ᙧ㉁㌿᥮ࡋࠊస〇ࡋࡓᵝࠎ࡞⳦ᰴࡢ⸆๣ឤཷᛶࢆ ᐃࡋࡓࠋAcrD 㐣๫Ⓨ⌧ᰴࡣࠊoxacillinࠊ
cloxacillin ࠊ nafcillin ࠊ carbenicillin ࠊ sulbenicillin ࠊ
aztreonamࠊsodium dodecyl sulphateࠊnovobiocin ࡟ᑐ
ࡍࡿከ๣⪏ᛶࢆ♧ࡋࡓࠋࡑࡢ⪏ᛶ໬ࡣࠊacrA ࡲࡓ
ࡣ tolC 㑇ఏᏊࢆḞᦆࡉࡏࡿࡇ࡜࡛᏶඲࡟ᢚ࠼ࡽࢀ
ࡓࠋࡲࡓࠊacrA 㑇ఏᏊḞᦆᰴ࡟࠾࠸࡚ࡶࠊࣉࣛࢫ
࣑ࢻࢆ⏝࠸࡚ AcrA ࠾ࡼࡧ AcrD ࡢ୧᪉ࢆ㐣๫Ⓨ⌧
ࡉࡏࡿࡇ࡜࡛ࠊከ๣⪏ᛶ໬ࡀᘬࡁ㉳ࡇࡉࢀࡿࡇ࡜ࢆ
☜ㄆࡋࡓࠋ௨ୖࡢ⤖ᯝ࠿ࡽࠊRND ᆺ᤼ฟ࣏ࣥࣉ AcrD
ࡣࠊMFP ࡜ࡋ࡚ AcrB ࡢ㑇ఏᏊ㏆ഐ࡟ࢥ࣮ࢻࡉࢀ࡚
࠸ࡿ AcrA ࢆ฼⏝ࡍࡿࡇ࡜࡛ࠊࢧࣝࣔࢿࣛከ๣⪏ᛶ
໬ࢆᘬࡁ㉳ࡇࡍࡇ࡜ࡀ᫂ࡽ࠿࡜࡞ࡗࡓࠋࡇࢀࡣࠊ
AcrA ࡀ RND ᆺ⸆๣᤼ฟࢩࢫࢸ࣒ࡢ MFP ࡜ࡋ࡚ࠊ
ከ㠃ⓗ࡞ᙺ๭ࢆᯝࡓࡋ࡚࠸ࡿࡇ࡜ࢆ♧ࡍࡶࡢ࡛࠶
ࡿ㸦ᅗ 1㸧ࠋᮏ◊✲ᡂᯝࡣ᪥ᮏ⸆Ꮫ఍➨ 131 ᖺ఍ㅮ
ᅗ 1. 㣗୰ẘཎᅉ⳦ࡢࢧࣝࣔࢿࣛ࡟࠾࠸࡚ࠊ
₇ࣁ࢖ࣛ࢖ࢺ࡜ࡋ࡚ྲྀࡾୖࡆࡽࢀࠊሗ㐨ᶵ㛵⏝࡟෉
AcrA ࡣࠊAcrB ࡞ࡽࡧ࡟ AcrD ⸆๣᤼ฟࢺࣛࣥ
Ꮚࡀ㓄ᕸࡉࢀࡓࠋ
㸦ሗ㐨ᶵ㛵⏝㺃➨ 131 ᖺ఍ㅮ₇ࣁ࢖
ࢫ࣏࣮ࢱ࣮࡜」ྜయࢆᙧᡂࡋࠊ⣽⳦ࡢከ๣⪏ᛶ
ࣛ࢖ࢺ pg. 56 ࠕ⪏ᛶ⳦ࡣࡸࡾࡃࡾୖᡭ㸽ࠥᑠࡉ࡞
໬࡟㛵୚ࡋ࡚࠸ࡿࡇ࡜ࢆⓎぢࡋࡓ.
ࢤࣀ࣒ࢆࣇࣝά⏝㸟ࠥࠖ
㸧ࠋ
― 86 ―
࣭᎘Ẽⓗ᮲௳ୗ࡟࠾ࡅࡿ኱⭠⳦⸆๣᤼ฟࢺࣛࣥࢫ࣏࣮ࢱ࣮ࡢ⏕⌮ⓗᙺ๭ࡢゎ᫂
㏆ᖺࠊ」ᩘࡢᢠ⳦⸆࡛἞⒪ࡍࡿࡇ࡜ࡢ࡛ࡁ࡞࠸ከ๣⪏ᛶ⳦ࡀฟ⌧ࡋ࡚኱ࡁ࡞ၥ㢟࡜࡞ࡗ࡚࠸ࡿࠋ⣽⳦
ࡢከ๣⪏ᛶࡣࠊ⣽⬊⭷࡟Ꮡᅾࡍࡿࢼࣀࢹࣂ࢖ࢫ࡛࠶ࡿ⸆๣᤼ฟࢱࣥࣃࢡ࡟ࡼࡗ࡚ᘬࡁ㉳ࡇࡉࢀࡿࠋ୰࡛
ࡶከ๣᤼ฟࢱࣥࣃࢡࡣ඲ࡃᵓ㐀ᘧࡢ␗࡞ࡿ✀ࠎࡢ⸆๣ࢆ᤼ฟࡍࡿ≉ᚩࢆ᭷ࡋ࡚࠾ࡾࠊከ๣⪏ᛶ࡟㛵୚ࡍ
ࡿᅉᏊ࡜ࡋ࡚ὀ┠ࡉࢀ࡚࠸ࡿࠋ
ࡇࢀࡲ࡛୺࡟ከ๣⪏ᛶᅉᏊࡢほⅬ࠿ࡽ⸆๣᤼ฟࢱࣥࣃࢡࡢ◊✲ࡀ㐍ࡵࡽࢀ࡚ࡁࡓࡀࠊ㏆ᖺ࡟࡞ࡗ࡚ࠊ
ࢧࣝࣔࢿࣛࡢ⑓ཎᛶ࡟ࡶ⸆๣᤼ฟࢱࣥࣃࢡࡀ㛵୚ࡋ࡚࠸ࡿࡇ࡜ࡀศ࠿ࡗ࡚ࡁࡓࠋࡇࡢ஦ᐇ࠿ࡽࠊ⸆๣᤼
ฟࢱࣥࣃࢡࡣᢠ⳦⸆᤼ฟ௨እ࡟ࠊ⣽⳦ࡢẘᛶ࡟㛵୚ࡍࡿ≀㉁ࡸᐟ୺⎔ቃ㐺ᛂ࡟㛵୚ࡍࡿ≀㉁➼ࡢ᤼ฟ࡟
ࡶ㛵୚ࡋ࡚࠸ࡿࡇ࡜ࡀ⪃࠼ࡽࢀࡿࠋ⸆๣᤼ฟ㑇ఏᏊࡣࠊே㢮ࡀᢠ⳦⸆ࢆ౑⏝ࡍࡿ௨๓࠿ࡽ⣽⳦ࡀಖᣢࡋ
࡚࠸ࡓࡶࡢ࡛࠶ࡾࠊⓎ⌧ไᚚࡢゎᯒ࠿ࡽࡶࠊ⸆๣᤼ฟࢱࣥࣃࢡࡢከࡃࡀࠊእ⎔ቃࡢኚ໬࡟ࡼࡗ࡚ㄏᑟࡉ
ࢀࡿࡇ࡜ࡀศ࠿ࡗ࡚ࡁ࡚࠸ࡿࠋࡇࢀࡽ⸆๣᤼ฟࢱࣥࣃࢡ࡟ࡣᮏ᮶࡝ࡢࡼ࠺࡞ᶵ⬟ࡀഛࢃࡗ࡚࠸ࡿࡢ࠿࡜
࠸࠺␲ၥࡣࠊ⌧ᅾၥ㢟࡜࡞ࡗ࡚࠸ࡿከ๣⪏ᛶᅉᏊࡢ㉳※ࢆ⪃࠼ࡿୖ࡛ࡶ㠀ᖖ࡟⯆࿡῝࠸ㄢ㢟࡛࠶ࡿࠋ
኱⭠⳦࡟ࡣ20ಶࡢ⸆๣᤼ฟࢱࣥࣃࢡࡀᏑᅾࡋ࡚࠸ࡿࡀࠊ㏻ᖖࡢዲẼⓗᇵ㣴᮲௳࡟࠾࠸࡚AcrAB-TolC
ࢆ㝖ࡃ࡯࡜ࢇ࡝ࡢ⸆๣᤼ฟࢱࣥࣃࢡࡢⓎ⌧ࡣపࡃᢚ࠼ࡽࢀ࡚࠸ࡿࠋ኱⭠⳦ࡀ⏕⫱ࡋ࡚࠸ࡿ⭠ෆࡣࠊ㓟⣲
⃰ᗘࡀప࠸⎔ቃ࡛࠶ࡿࠋࡋ࠿ࡋ࡞ࡀࡽࠊࡇࢀࡲ࡛㓟⣲⃰ᗘࡀ⸆๣᤼ฟࢱࣥࣃࢡࡢⓎ⌧࡟࠾ࡼࡰࡍᙳ㡪࡟
ࡘ࠸࡚ࡣ▱ࡽࢀ࡚࠸࡞࠿ࡗࡓࠋ⚾㐩ࡣࠊ᎘Ẽⓗ⎔ቃୗ࡟࠾࠸࡚MdtEF⸆๣᤼ฟࢱࣥࣃࢡⓎ⌧ࡀ኱ࡁࡃㄏ
ᑟࡉࢀࠊࡑࢀ࡟࡜ࡶ࡞ࡗ࡚⸆๣᤼ฟάᛶࡀୖ᪼ࡋࠊ」ᩘࡢ⸆๣࡟ᑐࡋ࡚኱⭠⳦ࡀ⪏ᛶࢆ♧ࡍࡇ࡜ࢆぢฟ
ࡋࡓࠋ኱⭠⳦࡟࠾࠸࡚ዲẼⓗ⎔ቃ࡜᎘Ẽⓗ⎔ቃ࡟࠾ࡅࡿ㑇ఏᏊⓎ⌧ࡢ㐪࠸ࡣࠊ୺࡟஧ᡂศ᝟ሗఏ㐩⣔࡛
࠶ࡿArcAB (anaerobic respiration control)ࢩࢫࢸ࣒࡟ࡼࡗ࡚ไᚚࡉࢀ࡚࠸ࡿࠋMdtEF⸆๣᤼ฟࢱࣥࣃࢡࢆࢥ
࣮ࢻࡍࡿ㑇ఏᏊࡢୖὶ࡟ࡣࠊArcAࣞࢠ࣮ࣗࣞࢱ࣮࡟ࡼࡗ࡚ㄆ㆑ࡉࢀࡿ㓄ิࡀᏑᅾࡋ࡚࠾ࡾࠊᐃ㔞ⓗゎᯒ
࠿ࡽ᎘Ẽⓗ⎔ቃୗ࡛ࡢMdtEF⸆๣᤼ฟࢱࣥࣃࢡⓎ⌧ㄏᑟࡣArcAB஧ᡂศ᝟ሗఏ㐩⣔౫Ꮡⓗ࡛࠶ࡿࡇ࡜ࡀ
ศ࠿ࡗࡓࠋMdtEF⸆๣᤼ฟࢱࣥࣃࢡࡣᢠ⳦⸆࡟ࡼࡗ࡚࡛ࡣ࡞ࡃࠊ㓟⣲⃰ᗘࡢኚ໬࡛ࡑࡢⓎ⌧ࡀไᚚࡉࢀ
࡚࠸ࡿࡇ࡜࠿ࡽࠊࡇࡢ᤼ฟࢱࣥࣃࢡࡣ᎘Ẽⓗ⎔ቃ࡟࠾࠸࡚ఱ࠿ࡽࡢ⏕⌮ⓗᙺ๭ࢆᢸࡗ࡚࠸ࡿྍ⬟ᛶࡀ♧
၀ࡉࢀࡓࠋᐇ㝿ࠊዲẼⓗ⎔ቃୗ࡟࠾࠸࡚㔝⏕ᰴ࡜mdtEF㑇ఏᏊḞᦆᰴࡢቑṪ㏿ᗘ࡟ᕪࡣㄆࡵࡽࢀ࡞࠸ࡀࠊ
᎘Ẽⓗ⎔ቃ࡟࠾࠸࡚ࡣࠊmdtEFḞᦆᰴࡢቑṪࡀ㔝⏕ᰴ࡟ẚ࡭࡚㐜ࡃ࡞ࡿࡇ࡜ࡀศ࠿ࡗࡓࠋ᎘Ẽⓗ⎔ቃ࡟
࠾࠸࡚ࠊ⣽⳦ࡣATPࢆ⏘⏕ࡍࡿࡓࡵ࡟ࠊ᭱⤊㟁Ꮚཷᐜయ࡜ࡋ࡚㓟⣲ࢆ⏝࠸ࡎ࡟ࠊ௦ࢃࡾ࡟◪㓟ሷࢆ⏝࠸
ࡿࠋ◪㓟ሷ࿧྾ࡢ㐣⛬࡟࠾࠸࡚ࠊ኱⭠⳦ࡢ௦ㅰ⏘≀࡛࠶ࡿ࢖ࣥࢻ࣮ࣝࡣࢽࢺࣟࢩࣝ໬ࡉࢀࠊẘᛶࡢᙉ࠸
࢖ࣥࢻ࣮ࣝࣞࢵࢻ➼ࡢㄏᑟయࡀ᎘Ẽⓗ⎔ቃୗ࡟࠾࠸࡚Ⓨ⏕ࡍࡿࠋࡉࡽ࡟᎘Ẽⓗ⎔ቃୗ࡛ࡣ࢖ࣥࢻ࣮ࣝྜ
ᡂ࡟㛵୚ࡍࡿ㓝⣲࡛࠶ࡿTnaAࡀㄏᑟࡉࢀࡿࡇ࡜
࡟ࡼࡾࠊ࢖ࣥࢻ࣮ࣝ⮬㌟ࡢ⏘⏕㔞ࡶዲẼⓗ⎔ቃୗ
࡜ẚ㍑ࡋ࡚ୖ᪼ࡋ࡚࠸ࡿࡇ࡜ࡀศ࠿ࡗࡓࠋࡍ࡞ࢃ
ࡕࠊ᎘Ẽⓗ࿧྾࡟ࡼࡾࠊ኱⭠⳦యෆ࡛ࡣẘᛶࡢᙉ
࠸࢖ࣥࢻ࣮ࣝࣞࢵࢻࡀ⤖ᯝⓗ࡟࡛ࡁ࡚ࡋࡲ࠺ࡇ࡜
࡟࡞ࡿࡀࠊ⣽⳦⮬㌟ࢆಖㆤࡍࡿࡓࡵ࡟⸆๣᤼ฟࢱ
ࣥࣃࢡ࡛࠶ࡿMdtEFࡀࡇࡢẘ≀ࢆ⳦యእ࡟᤼ฟࡋ
࡚࠸ࡿࡇ࡜ࢆ᫂ࡽ࠿࡟ࡋࡓ㸦ᅗ2㸧ࠋᮏ◊✲࡟ࡼࡾࠊ
᎘Ẽⓗ⎔ቃୗ࡟࠾ࡅࡿ⸆๣᤼ฟ࣏ࣥࣉⓎ⌧ㄏᑟ࡜
ࡑࡢ⏕⌮ᶵᵓࡀ᫂ࡽ࠿࡟࡞ࡗࡓࠋ
௒ᚋࠊᮏ◊✲࡛᫂ࡽ࠿࡟࡞ࡗࡓከ๣᤼ฟไᚚ⣔
࡟ຠࡃ㜼ᐖ๣ࢆ㛤Ⓨࡍࢀࡤࠊ⣽⳦ࡢ⑓ཎᛶ࡜ከ๣
⪏ᛶࡢ୧᪉ࢆ㍍ῶࡍࡿࡇ࡜ࡢ࡛ࡁࡿ඲ࡃ᪂ࡋ࠸ᢠ
⳦⸆ࡢ㛤Ⓨ࡟ࡘ࡞ࡀࡿࡇ࡜ࡀᮇᚅࡉࢀࡿࠋ
ᅗ 2. ᎘Ẽⓗ⎔ቃୗ࡟࠾ࡅࡿ⸆๣᤼ฟࢺࣛࣥࢫ࣏
࣮ࢱ࣮ࡢ⏕⌮ⓗᙺ๭.
― 87 ―
ᴟᚤᮦᩱࣉࣟࢭࢫ◊✲ศ㔝㸦➨㸰ࣉࣟࢪ࢙ࢡࢺ◊✲ศ㔝㸧
෸ᩍᤵ
≉௵ຓᩍ
≉௵◊✲ဨ
≉௵◊✲ဨ
≉௵◊✲ဨ
≉௵◊✲ဨ
ᰗ⏣ ๛
㛗ᓥ ୍ᶞ
Mati Horprathum (ᖹᡂ 23 ᖺ 5 ᭶ 16 ᪥᥇⏝)
Bo Xu (ᖹᡂ 23 ᖺ 6 ᭶ 1 ᪥᥇⏝)
Fuwei Zhuge (ᖹᡂ 23 ᖺ 7 ᭶ 1 ᪥᥇⏝)
Yong He (ᖹᡂ 23 ᖺ 7 ᭶ 1 ᪥᥇⏝)
a) ᴫせ
ᙜศ㔝࡛ࡣࠊ⮬↛ࡢᦤ⌮࡟❧⬮ࡋ࡚ᕦࡳ࡟⤌ࡳୖࡀࡿᴟᚤᮦᩱᙧᡂࣉࣟࢭࢫࢆᇶ┙࡜ࡋ࡚ࠊࠕᮦᩱᙧ
ᡂ࣓࢝ࢽࢬ࣒ࡢゎ᫂ཬࡧ࣐ࢸࣜ࢔ࣝࢹࢨ࢖ࣥࠖ
ࠊ
ࠕไ㝈ࢼࣀ✵㛫≀ᛶホ౯ࠖࠊ
ࠕ⎔ቃㄪ࿴࣭⏕యศᏊศᯒࢹ
ࣂ࢖ࢫࡢ๰ᡂࠖ࡜࠸ࡗࡓࠊᴟᚤᮦᩱ࡟࠾ࡅࡿࡶࡢ࡙ࡃࡾ࠿ࡽホ౯࣭ᛂ⏝࡬࡜ᒎ㛤ࡍࡿ୍㐃ࡢ◊✲ࢆ⾜ࡗ
࡚࠸ࡿࠋᮦᩱ⛉Ꮫࠊ≀⌮ࠊ໬Ꮫࡢቃ⏺㡿ᇦ࡟఩⨨ࡍࡿᴟᚤᮦᩱࡢᙧᡂ࣓࢝ࢽࢬ࣒ࢆゎ࣭᫂ไᚚࡋࠊᙧᡂ
ࡉࢀࡿᴟࡵ࡚Ⰻ㉁࡞ᴟᚤᮦᩱࢆ⏝࠸࡚ᚑ᮶ᅔ㞴࡛࠶ࡗࡓᵓ㐀యࡸᶵ⬟ࢆ๰ฟࡋࠊ“┬࣭๰࢚ࢿࣝࢠ࣮ࢹࣂ
࢖ࢫ”ࠊ“⏕యศᏊศᯒࢹࣂ࢖ࢫ”࡬࡜Ⓨᒎࡉࡏࡿࡇ࡜ࢆ┠ᣦࡋ࡚࠸ࡿࠋ
୺࡞◊✲ㄢ㢟࡜ࡋ࡚ࠊձᴟᚤᮦᩱᙧᡂࣉࣟࢭࢫࡢཎ⌮ゎ᫂࡜ᶵ⬟ᛶ㓟໬≀㸯ḟඖࢼࣀ࣡࢖ࣖᵓ㐀యࡢ
๰ᡂࠊղ༢୍㓟໬≀ࢼࣀ࣡࢖ࣖᵓ㐀య࡟࠾ࡅࡿไ㝈ࢼࣀ≀ᛶࡢ᥈⣴ࠊճࢢ࣮࢚ࣜࣥࣞࢡࢺࣟࢽࢡࢫࢹࣂ
࢖ࢫ㸦పᾘ㈝㟁ຊ୙᥹Ⓨᛶ࣓ࣔࣜࠊ࢚ࢿࣝࢠ࣮ኚ᥮➼㸧ཬࡧ⏕యศᏊศᯒࢹࣂ࢖ࢫ࡬ࡢᒎ㛤ࠊࡀᣲࡆࡽ
ࢀࡿࠋ
b) ᡂᯝ
࣭㓟໬≀㸯ḟඖࢼࣀᵓ㐀యᙧᡂ࣓࢝ࢽࢬ࣒ࡢゎ᫂
㓟໬≀ࢼࣀ࣡࢖ࣖࡢ⮬ᕫ⤌⧊໬ᙧᡂ࡟ಀࡿ≀㉁㍺㏦⌧㇟ࢆ᫂ࡽ࠿࡟ࡍࡿࡓࡵ࡟ࠊࢧ࢖ࢬཬࡧ㊥㞳ࡀつ
ᐃࡉࢀࡓ㔠ᒓゐ፹ࢆ⏝࠸࡚㓟໬≀ࢼࣀ࣡࢖ࣖࡢᡂ㛗ࢆヨࡳࡓࠋࡑࡢ⤖ᯝࠊ1) 㞄ࡾྜ࠺㔠ᒓゐ፹㛫㊥㞳ࡀ
⊃ࡃ࡞ࡿ࡜ࠊ౪⤥ࡉࢀࡓ≀㉁ࡢ➇ྜࡀ⏕ࡌࡿࡇ࡜ࠊ2) ≀㉁㍺㏦ࡀᚑ᮶ࣔࢹࣝࡢᇶᯈୖᣑᩓ࡛ࡣ࡞ࡃࠊẼ
┦୰ࡢᣑᩓ⌧㇟࡟ᨭ㓄ࡉࢀ࡚࠸ࡿࡇ࡜ࡀ᫂ࡽ࠿࡜࡞ࡗࡓࠋ௨ୖࡢ⤖ᯝࡣࠊᚑ᮶ᮦᩱࡢᯟ⤌ࡳ࡟ᤊࢃࢀ࡞
࠸᪂つᮦᩱࢆ⏝࠸ࡓ㓟໬≀㸯ḟඖࢼࣀᵓ㐀య๰ฟࡢ㘽࡜࡞ࡿ㔜せ࡞▱ぢ࡛࠶ࡿࠋ
㔠ᒓゐ፹ࢧ࢖ࢬ࣭ゐ፹㛫㊥㞳ࡀつᐃࡉࢀࡓ
ࢼࣀ࣡࢖ࣖᡂ㛗㏿ᗘࡢゐ፹㛫㊥㞳౫Ꮡᛶ
ࢼࣀ࣡࢖ࣖᡂ㛗
࣭༢୍㓟໬≀ࢼࣀ࣡࢖ࣖࢆ⏝࠸ࡓ୙᥹Ⓨᛶ᢬ᢠኚ໬࣓ࣔࣜࡢືసཎ⌮ゎ᫂
᢬ᢠኚ໬࣓ࣔࣜຠᯝ㸦ReRAM, Memristor㸧ࡣḟୡ௦୙᥹Ⓨᛶ࣓ࣔࣜ࡜ࡋ࡚ὀ┠ࢆ㞟ࡵ࡚࠸ࡿࡀࠊࢼࣀ
ࢫࢣ࣮ࣝࡢ≀⌮⌧㇟࡟㉳ᅉࡍࡿືస㉳※ࡀᮍゎ࡛᫂࠶ࡾࠊᛂ⏝ᒎ㛤࡬ࡢ኱ࡁ࡞㞀ቨ࡜࡞ࡗ࡚࠸ࡿࠋࡑࡇ
࡛ᡃࠎࡣࢼࣀࢫࢣ࣮࡛ࣝᒁᡤⓗ࡟⏕ࡌࡿ࣓ࣔࣜຠᯝࡢᮏ㉁ࢆᤊ࠼ࡿࡓࡵ࡟ᴟᚤᮦᩱࢆ⏝࠸ࡓ࢔ࣉ࣮ࣟ
ࢳࢆ⾜ࡗ࡚࠸ࡿࠋ
― 88 ―
A) ༢୍ MgO/CoO ࢥ࢔ࢩ࢙ࣝࢼࣀ࣡࢖ࣖ⣲Ꮚࢆ⏝࠸ࡓ᳨ド
༢୍ MgO/CoO ࢥ࢔ࢩ࢙ࣝࢼࣀ࣡࢖ࣖ⣲Ꮚࢆ⏝࠸࡚ 10nm ࢫࢣ࣮ࣝ࡟࠾ࡅࡿ᢬ᢠኚ໬࣓ࣔࣜຠᯝࡢ᳨
ドࢆ⾜ࡗࡓࠋ≉࡟ࠊᚑ᮶ⷧ⭷⣲Ꮚᵓ㐀࡛ࡣᅔ㞴࡛࠶ࡗࡓ FET ᆺ⣲Ꮚᵓ㐀ཬࡧከ➃Ꮚ⣲Ꮚᵓ㐀ࢆ⏝࠸࡚ࠊ
࢟ࣕࣜ࢔ࢱ࢖ࣉཬࡧ᢬ᢠኚ໬㒊఩ࡢྠᐃࢆヨࡳࡓࠋࡑࡢ⤖ᯝࠊp ᆺ㓟໬≀ CoO ࡟࠾ࡅࡿ᢬ᢠኚ໬࣓ࣔࣜ
ຠᯝ࡛ࡣࠊ㟁Ꮚఏᑟ࡟ᨭ㓄ࡉࢀࡿᚑ᮶ࡢ࢔ࣀ࣮ࢻࢫ࢖ࢵࢳࣥࢢࣔࢹ࡛ࣝࡣ࡞ࡃࠊ࣮࣍ࣝఏᑟ࡟㉳ᅉࡍࡿ
࢝ࢯ࣮ࢻࢫ࢖ࢵࢳࣥࢢࣔࢹࣝࡀᨭ㓄ⓗ࡛࠶ࡿࡇ࡜ࢆᐇ㦂ⓗ࡟ึࡵ࡚᫂ࡽ࠿࡟ࡋࡓࠋ
FET ᆺࢼࣀ࣡࢖ࣖ⣲Ꮚࢆ⏝࠸ࡓ࢟ࣕࣜ࢔ࢱ࢖ࣉࡢ᳨ド
ከ➃Ꮚ⣲Ꮚᵓ㐀
B) NiO ࢼࣀ࣡࢖ࣖᖹ㠃ᆺ⣲Ꮚࢆ⏝࠸ࡓ᳨ド
㟁Ꮚࣅ࣮࣒ࣜࢯࢢࣛࣇ࢕ᢏ⾡ࢆ㥑౑ࡋ࡚ NiO ࢼࣀ࣡࢖ࣖᖹ㠃⣲Ꮚࡢ୍㒊࡟ಖㆤᒙࢆᑟධࡋࠊእሙ㞺ᅖ
Ẽ࡜ࡢ┦஫స⏝ࡢ᳨ドࢆ⾜ࡗࡓࠋࡑࡢ⤖ᯝࠊ࢝ࢯ࣮ࢻ௜㏆࡟ಖㆤᒙࢆᑟධࡋࡓ㝿࡟ࡢࡳ๻ⓗ࡞᢬ᢠኚ໬
⌧㇟ࡢᕪ␗ࡀほ ࡉࢀࡓࠋᮏ⤖ᯝࡼࡾࠊp ᆺ㓟໬≀ CoO ᳨࡛ドࡉࢀࡓ≀⌮ࣔࢹࣝࡀࠊ௚ࡢ p ᆺ㓟໬≀࡛
࠶ࡿ NiO ࡟࠾࠸࡚ࡶ㐺⏝ྍ⬟࡛࠶ࡿࡇ࡜ࢆ᫂ࡽ࠿࡟ࡋࡓࠋ
ᑐ㇟࣭㠀ᑐ⛠ SiO2 ಖㆤᒙࡢ᢬ᢠኚ໬࣓ࣔࣜຠᯝ࡬ࡢᙳ㡪
C) ➨୍ཎ⌮ィ⟬ࢆ⏝࠸ࡓ≀⌮ࣔࢹࣝࡢ᳨ド
᢬ᢠኚ໬࣓ࣔࣜຠᯝ࡟࠾ࡅࡿᚑ᮶ࣔࢹ࡛ࣝࡣ㟁⏺༳ຍୗ࡛ࡢ㓟⣲࢖࢜ࣥᣑᩓࡀ㔜せᅉᏊ࡜ࡉࢀ࡚ࡁ
ࡓࡀࠊ㓟⣲࢖࢜ࣥᣑᩓຠᯝ࡟ࡼࡾᡃࠎࡀᚓࡓ p ᆺ㓟໬≀ࡢ᢬ᢠኚ໬ᶵᵓࢆㄝ᫂ࡍࡿࡇ࡜ࡀᅔ㞴࡛࠶ࡗࡓࠋ
ࡑࡇ࡛➨୍ཎ⌮ィ⟬ࢆ⏝࠸࡚㓟⣲࢖࢜ࣥᣑᩓ࡟ᇶ࡙ࡃ㟁Ꮚ≧ែኚ໬ࢆ᳨ドࡋࡓࠋࡑࡢ⤖ᯝࠊᚑ᮶ಶู࡟
⪃࠼ࡽࢀ࡚ࡁࡓ㓟⣲Ḟᦆࠊཬࡧ࢝ࢳ࢜ࣥḞᦆࡢඹᏑ≧ែࢆ௬ᐃࡍࡿࡇ࡜࡛ࠊ㓟⣲࢖࢜ࣥᣑᩓ࡟ࡼࡿ࣮࣍
ࣝఏᑟࡢⓎ⌧ᶵᵓࡀㄝ᫂ྍ⬟࡛࠶ࡿࡇ࡜ࢆึࡵ࡚᫂ࡽ࠿࡟ࡋࡓࠋ
㓟⣲Ḟᦆ࣭࢝ࢳ࢜ࣥḞᦆࡢᒁᡤ㟁Ꮚ≧ែ࡬୚࠼ࡿᙳ㡪
― 89 ―
ࢭ࣮ࣝࣟࢫࢼࣀࣇ࢓࢖ࣂ࣮ᮦᩱ◊✲ศ㔝㸦➨㸰ࣉࣟࢪ࢙ࢡࢺ◊✲ศ㔝㸧
෸ᩍᤵ
༤ኈ◊✲ဨ
◊✲ဨ ⬟ᮌ 㞞ஓ
Thi Thi Nge 㸦ᖹᡂ 22 ᖺ 4 ᭶ 1 ᪥᥇⏝㸧
ㅰ᫂ྩ㸦ᖹᡂ 22 ᖺ 11 ᭶ 1 ᪥᥇⏝㸧
a) ᴫせ
ᶞᮌࢆࡣࡌࡵ࡜ࡍࡿ᳜≀⣽⬊ቨࡣࠊᖜ 4-20nm ࡢࢭ࣮ࣝࣟࢫࢼࣀࣇ࢓࢖ࣂ࣮㸦ࢭ࣮ࣝࣟࢫ࣑ࢡࣟࣇ࢕
ࣈࣜࣝ㸧࠿ࡽ࡛ࡁ࡚࠸ࡲࡍࠋ⚾ࡓࡕࡣࠊࡇࡢࢼࣀࣇ࢓࢖ࣂ࣮ࢆ᳜≀࠿ࡽྲྀࡾฟࡋࠊ᪂ࡋ࠸ᮦᩱࢆ㛤Ⓨࡋ
࡚࠸ࡲࡍࠋࡉࡽ࡟ࠊࡑࢀࡽࡢᮦᩱࢆ࢚ࣞࢡࢺࣟࢽࢡࢫ⏘ᴗศ㔝࡞࡝࡟⤖ࡧࡘࡅࡿࡓࡵࠊࢼࣀࣇ࢓࢖ࣂ࣮
ᮦᩱࡢ≉ᛶྥୖᢏ⾡ࡸࣉࣟࢭࢫᢏ⾡ࢆ㛤Ⓨࡋ࡚࠸ࡲࡍࠋ
b) ᡂᯝ
࣭㏱᫂࡞⣬ࡢࡉࡽ࡞ࡿ㐍໬
⚾ࡓࡕࡣࠊࠕᶞᮌ࠿ࡽࢹࣂ࢖ࢫࠖࢆ࣮࣮࢟࣡ࢻ࡟ࠊ༳ๅᢏ⾡ࢆ⏝࠸ࡓ࣮࣌ࣃ࣮࢚ࣞࢡࢺࣟࢽࢡࢫࡢᐇ
⌧ࢆ┠ᣦࡋ࡚࠸ࡲࡍ㸦ᅗ 1 ᕥ㸧ࠋࡑࡇ࡛ࠊᖜ 15nm ࡢࢭ࣮ࣝࣟࢫࢼࣀࣇ࢓࢖ࣂ࣮ࢆ౑ࡗ࡚ࠕ㏱᫂࡞⣬ࠖ
ࢆ〇㐀ࡍࡿᢏ⾡ࢆᨵⰋࡋࠊ㏱᫂ᛶ࡞࡝ࡢ≉ᛶࢆ኱ᖜ࡟ྥୖࡋࡲࡋࡓ㸦ᅗ 1 ྑ㸧ࠋ
ᅗ㸯 ⚾ࡓࡕࡢ◊✲㛤Ⓨࢥࣥࢭࣉࢺ㸦ᕥ㸧࡜㐍໬ࡋࡓ㏱᫂࡞⣬㸦ྑ㸧
࣭ࢭ࣮ࣝࣟࢫࢼࣀࣇ࢓࢖ࣂ࣮ࢩ࣮ࢺ࡟㐺ࡋࡓࣉࣜࣥࢸࢵࢻ࣭࢚ࣞࢡࢺࣟࢽࢡࢫᢏ⾡ࡢ㛤Ⓨ
⚾ࡓࡕࡣࠊࢭ࣮ࣝࣟࢫࢼࣀࣇ࢓࢖ࣂ࣮ࢩ࣮ࢺ࡟㐺ࡋࡓࣉࣜࣥࢸࢵࢻ࣭࢚ࣞࢡࢺࣟࢽࢡࢫᢏ⾡ࡢ㛤Ⓨࡶ
⾜ࡗ࡚࠸ࡲࡍࠋ኱㜰኱Ꮫ⏘ᴗ⛉Ꮫ◊✲ᡤ ඛ➃ᐇ⿦ᮦᩱศ㔝࡜ࡢඹྠ◊✲࡟࠾࠸࡚ࠊ༳ๅᢏ⾡ࢆ⏝࠸ࡓ
࢔ࣥࢸࢼ㓄⥺ࡸᢡࡾ␚ࡵࡿ㓄⥺ࡢ㛤Ⓨ࡟ᡂຌࡋࡲࡋࡓ㸦ᅗ 2㸧ࠋ
ᅗ㸰 ࢭ࣮ࣝࣟࢫࢼࣀࣇ࢓࢖ࣂ࣮ࢩ࣮ࢺ࡟㐺ࡋࡓࣉࣜࣥࢸࢵࢻ࣭࢚ࣞࢡࢺࣟࢽࢡࢫᢏ⾡ࡢ㛤Ⓨ
㸦ᕥ㸧༳ๅ࢔ࣥࢸࢼࠊ㸦ྑ㸧ᢡࡾ␚ࡵࡿ㓄⥺
― 90 ―
ࡆ࡯ࡓᔕ↪ࡈࡠࡦ࠹ࠖࠕ⎇ⓥಽ㊁㧔╙㧟ࡊࡠࠫࠚࠢ࠻⎇ⓥಽ㊁㧕
․છᢎ᝼
↰Ꮉ ♖৻
․છᢎ᝼
㆙⮮ ᡽ቁ
․છ⎇ⓥຬ
Dinh Cong
․છ⎇ⓥຬ
Dang Tuan
ฃ⸤⎇ⓥຬ ᭑ᧄ ᥓ⥋
ᵷ㆜⡯ຬ
ዊ᎑ ⮍
a) ᭎ⷐ
ࡆ࡯ࡓᔕ↪ࡈࡠࡦ࠹ࠖࠕಽ㊁ߢߪ‫⸘ޔ‬᷹߿࠽ࡁടᎿߦኻߒߡࡆ࡯ࡓࠍᔕ↪ߔࠆߎߣߦࠃߞߡࡆ࡯ࡓ࠹
ࠢࡁࡠࠫ࡯ߣ࠽ࡁ࠹ࠢࡁࡠࠫ࡯ߣࠍⲢวߒ‫ޔ‬㜞ᐲᖱႎൻ␠ળࠍᡰ߃ࠆ᧚ᢱ࡮ࡊࡠ࠮ࠬߦ㑐ߔࠆၮ␆⎇ⓥ
ࠍ߽ߣߦ‫ߩ߳ࡓ࠹ࠬࠪ࡮ࠬࠗࡃ࠺ޔ‬ᔕ↪ࠍ⋡ᜰߒߚ⎇ⓥࠍⴕߞߡ޿ࠆ‫⃻ޕ‬࿷ߩ⎇ⓥߩਛᔃߪ‫ޔ‬1࡟ࠫࠬ
࠻߳ߩࠛࡀ࡞ࠡ࡯ઃਈㆊ⒟ߩ⸃᣿‫ޔ‬2 ࡐ࡝ࡑ࡯߿㉄⊒↢೷ߩ෻ᔕᕈߦ㑐ߔࠆℂ⺰⊛⎇ⓥߣታ↪ൻផㅴ‫ޔ‬
3⣕଻⼔ㆊ⒟ߣ⃻௝ㆊ⒟ߩ⸃᣿‫ޔ‬4㉄⊒↢㊂ࠍჇടߔࠆᣇᴺߩ⸃᣿╬ߢ޽ࠆ‫ޕ‬
b) ᚑᨐ
㧝㧕࡟ࠫࠬ࠻߳ߩࠛࡀ࡞ࠡ࡯ઃਈㆊ⒟ߩ⸃᣿
࡜ࠫࠞ࡞ࠞ࠴ࠝࡦ࠳ࠗ࠽ࡒ࠶ࠢࠬߩࡐ࡝ࠬ࠴࡟ࡦࡐ࡝ࡔ࠴࡞ࡔ࠲ࠢ࡝࡟࡯࠻౒㊀ว૕ߩ⒟ᐲߩଐሽ
ᕈࠍࡄ࡞ࠬ࡜ࠫࠝ࡝ࠪࠬᴺߣ㉄ቯ㊂ᴺߦࠃߞߡ⺞ߴߚ‫ࠃߪࡦࠝ࠴ࠞ࡞ࠞࠫ࡜ߩ࠻࡯࡟࡝ࠢ࠲ࡔ࡞࠴ࡔޕ‬
ࠅૐ޿ࠬ࠴࡟ࡦࡕ࡞ಽ₸㧔50%એਅ㧕ߢࡐ࡝ࠬ࠴࡟ࡦࡐ࡝ࡔ࠴࡞ࡔ࠲ࠢ࡝࡟࡯࠻౒㊀ว૕ਛߢߩࠬ࠴࡟
ࡦ࡙࠾࠶࠻ߦࡎ࡯࡞⒖േߔࠆ೨ߦఝవ⊛ߦಽ⸃ߐࠇࠆߎߣ߇᣿
ࠄ߆ߦߥߞߚ‫ ߪࠇߎޕ‬PS ࡙࠾࠶࠻ౝߢࡎ࡯࡞߇㕖ዪ࿷ൻߔࠆߚ
߼ߢ޽ࠆߣ⠨߃ࠄࠇࠆ‫࡞ࡕࡦ࡟࠴ࠬޔࠄ߇ߥߒ߆ߒޕ‬ಽ₸߇ 70
㧑એ਄ߢߪࡕ࡞ಽ₸߇Ⴧടߔࠆߦߟࠇߡ PS ߩ㉄෼₸߹ߢᷫዋߒ
ߚ㧔࿑ 㧕‫࡟࡝ࠢ࠲ࡔ࡞࠴ࡔ࡝ࡐࡦ࡟࠴ࠬ࡝ࡐޔߦ߁ࠃߩߎޕ‬
࡯࠻౒㊀ว૕ਛߢߪ‫ ࠄ߆࠻࡯࡟࡝ࠢ࠲ࡔ࡞࠴ࡔޔ‬3 ߟߩࠬ࠴࡟ࡦ
࡙࠾࠶࠻߳ߩࡎ࡯࡞⒖േ߇᣿ࠄ߆ߦߥߞߚ‫࡟࠴ࠬޔߦ߁ࠃߩߎޕ‬
ࡦࡑ࡞࠴ࡑ࡯ߩᒻᚑ߇㉄෼₸ࠍᷫዋߒߚߣ⠨߃ࠄࠇࠆ‫ޔߚ߹ޕ‬
PS ࡕ࡞ಽ₸ߩᄢ߈޿㗔ၞߢߪࡎ࡯࡞⒖േߩᓇ㗀߇ᄢ߈޿ߎߣ߇
᣿ࠄ߆ߦߥߞߚ‫ޕ‬
࿑㩷 㪈䋮䉴䉼䊧䊮䊝䊦ಽ₸䈫㉄෼₸䈱㑐ଥ㩷
㧞㧕ࡐ࡝ࡑ࡯߿㉄⊒↢೷ߩ෻ᔕᕈߦ㑐ߔࠆℂ⺰⊛⎇ⓥߣታ↪ൻផㅴ
EUV ࡝࠰ࠣ࡜ࡈࠖߢߪ࡟ࠫࠬ࠻ߩᗵᐲะ਄߇㊀ⷐߢ޽ࠆߎߣ߆ࠄ‫ޔ‬ൻቇჇ᏷ဳ࡟ࠫࠬ࠻ਛߩ㉄⊒↢೷
ߩ᭴ㅧߦߟ޿ߡᬌ⸛ࠍⴕߞߡ߈ߚ‫⚛࠶ࡈߦߢ߹ࠇߎޕ‬ේሶ߿࠾࠻࡝࡞ၮ╬ߩዉ౉ߦࠃࠆ㔚ሶๆᒁᕈߩല
ᨐߦࠃࠅ‫ߩ࠻ࠬࠫ࡟ޔ‬ᗵᐲะ਄ߦߟߥ߇ࠆߎߣࠍಽሶ゠㆏⸘▚ߦࠃࠅ␜ߒߚ‫ޕ‬
ᧄ⎇ⓥߢߪࡐ࡝ࡑ࡯ߩ෻ᔕᕈߦߟ޿ߡᬌ⸛ࠍⴕߞߚ‫ ߪ࡯ࡑ࡝ࡐޕ‬EUV శߦࠃࠅࠗࠝࡦൻߒੑᰴ㔚ሶ
ࠍ⊒↢ߐߖ‫ߩߎޔ‬ੑᰴ㔚ሶ߇㉄⊒↢೷ߩ෻ᔕߦ૶↪ߐࠇࠆ‫ࡦࠝࠗߩ࡯ࡑ࡝ࡐࠄ߆ߣߎߩߎޕ‬ൻߩ⒟ᐲࠍ
᳞߼ߚ‫ޕ‬ੑᰴ㔚ሶ⊒↢೨ᓟߩࡐ࡝ࡑ࡯ߩࠛࡀ࡞ࠡ࡯ࠍ⸘▚
ߒ‫࡯ࠡ࡞ࡀࠛߩߘޔ‬Ꮕಽߩ⛘ኻ୯ࠍࠛࡀ࡞ࠡ࡯ࡃ࡝ࠕߣߒ
ߡࠗࠝࡦൻߩᜰᮡߣߒߚ‫ޕ‬࿑ 2 ߦࡐ࡝ࡅ࠼ࡠࠠࠪࠬ࠴࡟ࡦ
ߩ⧐㚅Ⅳ߳ߩ⟎឵ၮߣࠛࡀ࡞ࠡ࡯ࡃ࡝ࠕߩ㑐ଥࠍ␜ߔ‫ࠕޕ‬
ࡒࡁၮ㧔NH2㧕‫ࠪࠠ࠻ࡔޔ‬ၮ㧔OCH3㧕ߩࠃ߁ߥ㔚ሶଏਈၮ
ߪ‫ޔ‬㔚ሶๆᒁᕈߩࡈ࠶⚛㧔F㧕ߦᲧߴߡࡐ࡝ࡑ࡯ߩࠛࡀ࡞
ࠡ࡯ࡃ࡝ࠕࠍᷫዋߐߖ‫ࡦࠝࠗߩ࡯ࡑ࡝ࡐޔ‬ൻߦ᦭೑ߢ޽ࠆ
ߎߣ߇ࠊ߆ߞߚ‫ޕ‬ᓧࠄࠇߚ⍮⷗ߪ㉄⊒↢೷ߦ㑐ߔࠆ⚿ᨐߣ
࿑ 㪉䋮⟎឵ၮ䈫䉣䊈䊦䉩䊷䊋䊥䉝䈱㑐ଥ㩷
― 91 ―
วࠊߖߡ‫'ޔ‬78 ࡟ࠫࠬ࠻ߩᗵᐲะ਄ߩ⸳⸘ᜰ㊎ߣߥࠆ‫ޕ‬
㧟㧕⣕଻⼔ㆊ⒟ߣ⃻௝ㆊ⒟ߩ⸃᣿
ᗵᐲ‫⸃ޔ‬௝ᐲ‫
ࠬࡀࡈ࡜ࠫ࠶ࠛࡦࠗ࡜ޔ‬LERߩ࠻࡟࡯࠼ࠝࡈߩ໧㗴ࠍస᦯ߔࠆߚ߼ߦߪ‫↢⊒㉄ޔ‬ല₸‫ޔ‬
ṁ⸃․ᕈ‫ޔ‬⣕଻⼔෻ᔕߥߤߩ୘‫․࠻ࠬࠫ࡟ߩޘ‬ᕈࠍℂ⸃ߔࠆߎߣ߇㕖Ᏹߦ㊀ⷐߢ޽ࠆ‫ޔߢߎߘޕ‬᳓᥏ᝄ
േሶࡑࠗࠢࡠࡃ࡜ࡦࠬ
QCMᴺࠍ↪޿ߡ‫ᦨޔ‬ㄭᵈ⋡ߐࠇߡ޿ࠆ㉄⊒↢೷㧔PAG㧕ࠍࡐ࡝ࡑ࡯ߦൻቇ⚿ว
ߢዉ౉ߒߚࡐ࡝ࡑ࡯ࡃ࠙ࡦ࠼ PAG ߣᷙߗߚࡐ࡝ࡑ࡯ࡉ࡟ࡦ࠼ PAG ߩ࡟ࠫࠬ࠻ߩṁ⸃᜼േߩ㆑޿ߦߟ޿
ߡ⺞ߴߚ‫ޕ‬࿑ 3 ߪ EUV 㔺శᓟߩࡐ࡝ࡑ࡯ࡉ࡟ࡦ࠼ PAG ࡟ࠫࠬ࠻ߣ 5 mol%ߩ㉄⊒↢೷ࠍࡃ࠙ࡦ࠼ߐߖߚ
ࡐ࡝ࡑ࡯ࡃ࠙ࡦ࠼ PAG ࡟ࠫࠬ࠻ߩ⃻௝ᤨ㑆ߣ࡟ࠫࠬ࠻⤑ෘߩ㑐ଥࠍ␜ߒߚ߽ߩߢ޽ࠆ‫ࠫ࡟ߩߡߴߔޕ‬
ࠬ࠻ߢࠊߕ߆ߥ⤘Ả߇ⷰኤߐࠇߚ߇‫ ࠼ࡦ࠙ࡃ࡯ࡑ࡝ࡐޔ‬PAG ߩ߶߁߇ࡐ࡝ࡑ࡯ࡉ࡟ࡦ࠼ PAG ࠃࠅ߽⤘
Ả߇ዋߥ޿ߎߣ߇᣿ࠄ߆ߦߥߞߚ‫ ࠼ࡦ࠙ࡃ࡯ࡑ࡝ࡐޔߚ߹ޕ‬PAG ߦ߅޿ߡ㉄⊒↢೷ߩỚᐲ߇Ⴧടߔࠆ
ߦߟࠇߡ‫ޔ‬ᗵᐲ߇Ⴧടߔࠆߩ߇ⷰኤߐࠇߚ‫↢⊒㉄ߪࠇߎޕ‬೷ߩỚᐲ߇Ⴧടߔࠆߦߟࠇߡ‫ޔ‬ੑᰴ㔚ሶߣ㉄
⊒↢೷ߣߩ෻ᔕ߇Ⴧ߃ࠆߚ߼‫ࡦࠝࠗ࠻࡯ࡀࡒࠚࠫޔ‬ౣ⚿ว߇߅ߎࠆߩ߇ᛥ߃ࠄࠇࠆ߆ࠄߢ޽ࠆߣ⠨߃ࠄ
ࠇࠆ‫ޔߦ߁ࠃߩߎޕ‬㜞Ớᐲߩ㉄⊒↢೷ࠍዉ౉ߢ߈ࠆߩߢ‫ ࠼ࡦ࠙ࡃ࡯ࡑ࡝ࡐޔ‬PAG ߪ࠽ࡁ࡝࠰ࠣ࡜ࡈࠖ
࡟ࠫࠬ࠻᧚ᢱߣߒߡ᦭ᦸߢ޽ࠆߎߣ߇᣿ࠄ߆ߦߥߞߚ‫ޕ‬
0.5 mJ/cm
120
0.5 mJ/cm
1.5 mJ/cm
120
0 mJ/cm
0
mJ/cm
1 mJ/cm
(b) EUV
1 mJ/cm
(a) EUV
1.5 mJ/cm
90
90
2 mJ/cm
60
60
2 mJ/cm
2.5 mJ/cm
2.5 mJ/cm
30
30
3 mJ/cm
3 mJ/cm
4 mJ/cm
5 mJ/cm
4 mJ/cm
0
6 mJ/cm
5 mJ/cm
0
6 mJ/cm
0
10
20
30
0
10
20
30
Development time (s)
Development time (s)
࿑ 㪊䋮䊘䊥䊙䊷䊑䊧䊮䊄 㪧㪘㪞 䊧䉳䉴䊃䋨Ꮐ࿑䋩䈫䊘䊥䊙䊷䊑䊧䊮䊄 㪧㪘㪞 䊧䉳䉴䊃䋨ฝ࿑䋩䈱ṁ⸃ᦛ✢㩷
㧠㧕㉄⊒↢㊂ࠍჇടߔࠆᣇᴺߩ⸃᣿
㉄⊒↢೷ߣࡐ࡝ࡑ࡯ߩ⋧ṁᕈߩ໧㗴ࠍస᦯ߔࠆߚ߼ߦ‫⚿᦭౒ߦ࡯ࡑ࡝ࡐޔ‬วߢ㉄⊒↢೷ࠍ⚵ߺߎ߻ࡐ
࡝ࡑ࡯ࡃ࠙ࡦ࠼ PAG ߇ᵈ⋡ߐࠇߡ޿ࠆ‫ޕ‬㜞Ớᐲߢ߆ߟဋ৻ߦ㉄⊒↢೷ࠍ⚵ߺߎ߻ߎߣߢ㜞ᗵᐲൻ߆ߟ
㜞⸃௝ᐲ߇น⢻߆ߤ߁߆ࠍ⺞ߴࠆߚ߼‫ޔ‬EUV 㔺శⵝ⟎ߣ㔚ሶ✢㔺శⵝ⟎ࠍ૶ߞߡࡐ࡝ࡑ࡯ࡃ࠙ࡦ࠼ PAG
ߣࡐ࡝ࡑ࡯ࡉ࡟ࡦ࠼ PAG ߩ࡟ࠫࠬ࠻ᕈ⢻⹏ଔࠍⴕ޿‫ߩࠄࠇߘޔ‬น⢻ᕈࠍ⺞ߴߚ‫ޕ‬࿑ 4 ߪ 10 mol%ߩࡐ࡝
ࡑ࡯ࡃ࠙ࡦ࠼ PAG ࡟ࠫࠬ࠻ߩࡄ࠲࡯ࡦ SEM ௝‫⃻ޔ߮ࠃ߅ޔ‬௝೨ߩ AFM ௝ߢ޽ࠆ‫࠼ࡦ࠙ࡃ࡯ࡑ࡝ࡐޕ‬
PAG ߪ㜞Ớᐲߩ㉄⊒↢೷ࠍዉ౉ߢ߈ࠆߩߢ‫ޔ‬㜞ᗵᐲ߆ߟ㜞⸃௝ᐲࠍ␜ߒߚ‫⴫ޔߚ߹ޕ‬㕙࡜ࡈࡀࠬ߇ዋߥ
ߊ‫⦟ޔ‬ᅢߥ․ᕈࠍ᦭ߔࠆߎߣ߇ࠊ߆ߞߚ‫ ࠼ࡦ࠙ࡃ࡯ࡑ࡝ࡐޔߦ߁ࠃߩߎޕ‬PAG ߪ࠽ࡁ࡝࠰ࠣ࡜ࡈࠖ࡟
ࠫࠬ࠻᧚ᢱߣߒߡ᦭ᦸߢ޽ࠆߎߣ߇᣿ࠄ߆ߦߒߚ‫ޕ‬
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
0mJ/cm2
0.5mJ/cm2
1mJ/cm2
1.5mJ/cm2
2mJ/cm2
2.5mJ/cm2
3mJ/cm2
4mJ/cm2
5mJ/cm2
6mJ/cm2
2
2
2
2
Thickness (nm)
Thickness (nm)
2
2
2
2
2
2
࿑ 㪋䋮䊘䊥䊙䊷䊋䉡䊮䊄 㪧㪘㪞 䊧䉳䉴䊃䈱䊌䉺䊷䊮 㪪㪜㪤 ௝䋨Ꮐ࿑䋩䈫⃻௝೨ 㪘㪝㪤 ௝㩷
― 92 ―
2
2
2
∔ᖚ♧㎮ࠍਛᔃߣߒߚࠤࡒࠞ࡞ࡃࠗࠝࡠࠫ࡯ಽ㊁㧔ℂ⎇г↥⎇ࠕ࡜ࠗࠕࡦࠬ࡜ࡏ㧕
᜗߳޿ᢎ᝼
᜗߳޿ಎᢎ᝼
᜗߳޿ᢎຬ
ࠕ࡜ࠗࠕࡦࠬㅪ៤ផㅴຬ
⼱ญ ⋥ਯ
ᄢဝ ๺᣿
㜞 ฌ╉‫ޔ‬ᤚ㊄ ብᤘ‫ޔ‬㜞᧻
⩲ἑ ޿ߕߺ‫ޔ‬૒㊁ ᩕብ
⌀ੑ
a) ᭎ⷐ
♧㎮ߪᩭ㉄‫↢ߚߞ޿ߣ⾰ࠢࡄࡦ࠲ޔ‬๮ᵴേࠍᜂ߁㎮⁁↢૕㜞ಽሶߦߟߋ‫╙ޔ‬㧟ߩ↢๮㎮ߣ⸒ࠊࠇߡ޿
ࠆ‫ޕ‬㜞╬↢๮૕ߪ♧ࠍනߥࠆࠛࡀ࡞ࠡ࡯ࠍᓧࠆᚻᲑߣߒߡߛߌߢߥߊ‫ࠍ♧ޔ‬㎮⁁ߦߟߥߋ੐ߢ⤘ᄢߥ↢
๮ᖱႎࠍવ߃ࠆᖱႎಽሶ‫♧ޟ‬㎮‫߽ߡߒߣޠ‬೑↪ߒߡ޿ࠆߩߢ޽ࠆ‫ޕ‬ᚒ‫ߩޘ‬୘૕ߪ⚂㧢㧜ళ୘ߩ⚦⢩ߩ㓸
ว૕ߢ޽ࠆߣߣ߽ߦ‫߅߇ࠄࠇߘޔ‬੕޿ߦ㜞ᰴ⊛ߥ⺞๺ߩߣࠇߚ਎⇇ߣ߽޿߃ࠆ‫⚦ޕ‬⢩ߩ⴫㕙ߦߪࠕࡦ࠹
࠽ߩࠃ߁ߦ⒳‫♧ߩޘ‬㎮߇ᒛࠅᎼࠄߐࠇߡ߅ࠅ‫♧ޔ‬㎮ࠍ੺ߒߚᖱႎવ㆐ࠍᜂߞߡ޿ࠆ‫ޕ‬ㄭᐕߩ♧㎮↢‛ቇ
ߩ⊒ዷߦࠃࠅ♧㎮߇ࠦ࡯࠼ߔࠆᖱႎ߇ᓢ‫♧ޔࠇߐ⺒⸃ߦޘ‬㎮߇↢๮ᯏ⢻ߩ⛽ᜬߦਇนᰳߢ޽ࠆ੐߇᣿ࠄ
߆ߦߥߞߡ߈ߚ‫ޕ‬੐ታ‫ޔ‬⒳‫♧ߩޘ‬㎮วᚑ㓚ኂ߇ࠟࡦ‫⥄ޔ‬Ꮖ఺∉∔ᖚ‫∉఺ޔ‬ਇో‫ޔ‬Ἳ∝ᕈ∔ᖚߥߤ᭽‫ߥޘ‬
㔍ᴦ∔ᖚ߿♧ዩ∛‫ޔ‬ᘟᕈ㐽Ⴇᕈ⢖∔ᖚߣ޿ߞߚ↢ᵴ⠌ᘠ∛ࠍᒁ߈⿠ߎߔߎߣ߇᣿ࠄ߆ߦߥࠅߟߟ޽ࠆ‫ޕ‬
ᧄ⎇ⓥㇱ㐷ߢߪ↢ൻቇ⊛࡮ಽሶㆮવቇ⊛⎇ⓥᚻᴺߦࠃࠅ♧㎮⇣Ᏹߦࠃࠅ⿠ߎࠆ∔ᖚߩࡔࠞ࠾࠭ࡓߩ⸃
᣿‫♧ޔ‬㎮ࠍ࠲࡯ࠥ࠶࠻ߣߒߚ∔ᖚ⸻ᢿࡑ࡯ࠞ࡯ߩ㐿⊒‫♧ߦࠄߐޔ‬㎮ࠍ↪޿ߚᣂⷙᴦ≮ᴺߩ㐿⊒ࠍ⋡ᜰߒ
ߚ⎇ⓥࠍㅴ߼ߡ޿ࠆ‫ޕ‬
b) ᚑᨐ
࡮⢖᳇⣲ߩ∛ᘒߦ߅ߌࠆ♧㎮ୃ㘼ߩᓎഀ
(WV ᰳ៊ࡑ࠙ࠬߪ 6)(Ǫ ฃኈ૕ߦኻߔࠆࠦࠕࡈࠦ
࡯ࠬઃട߇ߥߐࠇߥ޿ߚ߼ 6)(Ǫ ฃኈ૕ࠍ੺ߒߚࠪ
ࠣ࠽࡞߇ᷫᒙߐࠇ‫ޔ‬//2 ߩᵴᕈൻ߇⿠ߎߐࠇࠆ‫߇ࠇߎޕ‬
ᒁ߈㊄ߣߥࠅ⢖⢩߇⎕უߐࠇ⢖᳇⣲᭽∛ᄌࠍ␜ߔ‫ޕ‬
ᦝߦ‫(ޔ‬WV ࡋ࠹ࡠᰳ៊ࡑ࠙ࠬߩ༛ᾍ᥸㔺ታ㛎⸃ᨆ߆
ࠄ‫ߡ߼ࠊ߈ߪࠬ࠙ࡑࡠ࠹ࡋޔ‬⍴ᤨ㑆ߢ⢖᳇⣲ࠍ⊒∝ߒ‫ޔ‬
ߘߩᣧᦼ⊒∝ߩ⢛᥊ߦߪ․⇣⊛ߥᤨᦼߦ //2 ߩ⊒⃻෸߮
ᵴᕈߩ਄᣹߇޽ߞߚ‫(ޕ‬76 ߩᵴᕈૐਅߪ↢૕ߦ༛ᾍ߿ⓨ
᳇ᳪᨴߥߤߩᄖⷅᕈ࿃ሶ߳ߩ㜞ᗵฃᕈࠍ߽ߚࠄߒ‫ߦࠄߐޔ‬
⢖㑆⾰ߩวᚑߣ⎕უߩࡃ࡜ࡦࠬࠍ፣ߒ‫ޔ‬⢖᳇⣲ߩ⊒∝ߦߟ
ߥ߇ࠆߣ⠨߃ࠄࠇࠆ‫ޕ‬
࡮㜞ᗵᐲ࡮㜞․⇣ᕈࠟࡦ⸻ᢿࡑ࡯ࠞ࡯ߩ㐿⊒
♧࠲ࡦࡄࠢ⾰♧㎮ߩ≸ᕈᄌൻࠍ᛫૕ߣ࡟ࠢ࠴ࡦ(♧
⚿ว࠲ࡦࡄࠢ⾰ߩ✚⒓)ࠍ↪޿ߡ․⇣⊛ߦ᷹ቯߢ߈ࠇ߫‫ޔ‬
≸ߩᣧᦼ⸻ᢿߦᵴ↪ߢ߈ࠆ‫ޔߚ߹ޕ‬㜞㗵ߥᯏེࠍᔅⷐߣ
ߖߕ ELISA ߩࠪࠬ࠹ࡓࠍ↪޿ߡ᷹ቯน⢻ߥߎߣ߆ࠄ㕖
Ᏹߦ᦭↪ߥᣂⷙᛛⴚߣߥࠆ‫ޕ‬ᚒ‫ߪޘ‬⢄⚦⢩≸ࡑ࡯ࠞ࡯ߣ
ߒߡ⍮ࠄࠇࠆࡈࠦࠪ࡞ൻǩࡈࠚ࠻ࡊࡠ࠹ࠗࡦ
#(2ࠍ
ࡕ࠺࡞ߣߒߡ‫࡞ࠪࠦࡈޔ‬ൻ࠲ࡦࡄࠢ⾰ࡑ࡯ࠞ࡯ߩ㜞ᗵᐲ
᷹ቯᴺߩ㐿⊒ߦขࠅ⚵ߺ‫ⴊޔ‬ᷡሽ࿷ਅߢ
PIONߩࡈࠦࠪ࡞ൻ #(2 ࠍቯ㊂᷹ቯน⢻ߥ᛫
૕࡟ࠢ࠴ࡦ '+# ᴺߩ㐿⊒ߦᚑഞߒߚ‫⃻ޕ‬࿷‫ᧄޔ‬᷹ቯᴺ
― 93 ―
ߩታ↪ൻ
ࠠ࠶࠻ൻߦะߌߚ᧦ઙᬌ⸛ࠍⴕߞߡ޿ࠆ‫ޕ‬
࡮♧ዩ∛⊒∝ࡔࠞ࠾࠭ࡓߦ߅ߌࠆ♧㎮ᯏ⢻ߩ⎇ⓥ
ᚒ‫⤳⤟ޔߪޘ‬Ǫ⚦⢩ߩࠣ࡞ࠦ࡯ࠬ࠮ࡦࠨ࡯࠲ࡦࡄࠢ
⾰ߢ޽ࠆࠣ࡞ࠦ࡯ࠬ࠻࡜ࡦࠬࡐ࡯࠲࡯㧞߇♧ォ⒖㉂⚛
GnT-IVa ߦࠃࠅ N-ဳ♧㎮ୃ㘼ࠍฃߌࠆߎߣߢ⚦⢩⴫㕙
ߦ⇐߹ࠆߎߣ߇ߢ߈‫⚿ޔ‬ᨐ‫ߦ࡞ࡌ࡟♧ⴊޔ‬ᔕߓߚࠗࡦ
ࠬ࡝ࡦಽᴲ߇ߢ߈ࠆߎߣࠍ⊒⷗ߒߚ‫ޔߚ߹ޕ‬GnT-IVa
ߩᰳ៊߿㜞⢽⢌㘩៨ขߦࠃࠆ GnT-IVa ⊒⃻ૐਅ߇ߎ
ߩࡔࠞ࠾࠭ࡓࠍ⎕✋ߐߖ‫⚿ޔ‬ᨐ‫ࡦ࡝ࠬࡦࠗޔ‬ಽᴲਇో
ࠍߣ߽ߥ߁㧞ဳ♧ዩ∛ࠍ⊒∝ߔࠆߎߣࠍ⸃᣿ߒߚ‫ޕ‬਄
ㅀߩ∔ᖚᯏᐨߪታ㓙ߩࡅ࠻㧞ဳ♧ዩ∛⊒∝ߩⷐ࿃ߣߥ
ߞߡ޿ࠆߎߣࠍ⸃᣿ߒߚ‫ߩߎޕ‬⍮⷗ࠍ߽ߣߦ‫ޔ‬GnT-IVa
ዉ౉ߦࠃࠆ♧ዩ∛ᴦ≮ߩน⢻ᕈࠍᬌ⸛ߒߡ޿ࠆ‫ޕ‬
࡮ᵴᕈ㉄⚛ߦࠃࠆ♧ォ⒖㉂⚛ߩ⊒⃻೙ᓮࠍ੺ߒߚ⽽㘩
⢻⺞▵ࡔࠞ࠾࠭ࡓߩ⎇ⓥ
ࡑࠢࡠࡈࠔ࡯ࠫߥߤߩ㘩⚦⢩ߪ‫ޔ‬ᄖ᧪ߩᓸ↢‛ࠍ⽽㘩
ߒ‫ޔ‬Ვ⩶ߩߚ߼ߩᵴᕈ㉄⚛ࠍ↢ᚑ࡮᡼಴ߔࠆࡔࠞ࠾࠭ࡓ
ࠍ஻߃ߡ޿ࠆ‫ᦨޕ‬ㄭᚒ‫ߩߎޔߪޘ‬ᵴᕈ㉄⚛ߦࠃࠅ♧ォ⒖
㉂⚛ GnT-III ߇⊒⃻⺞▵ࠍฃߌࠆߎߣࠍ⷗޿ߛߒߚ‫♧ޕ‬
ォ⒖㉂⚛ GnT-III ߩㆊ೾⊒⃻ᩣߢߪ⽽㘩⢻߇੣ㅴߒߡ
߅ࠅ‫৻ޔ‬ㅪߩ⸃ᨆ⚿ᨐ߆ࠄ‫⽽ޔ‬㘩ߦࠃࠅ↥↢ߐࠇߚᵴᕈ
㉄⚛߇ GnT-III ߩ⊒⃻ࠍ⺃ዉψࠬࠞࡌࡦࠫࡖ࡯࡟࠮ࡊ
࠲࡯ߦࡃࠗ࠮ࠢ࠻ဳ♧㎮ୃ㘼߇ዉ౉ψ⚦⢩⤑਄ߢߩ቟
ቯᕈߩะ਄ψ⊒⃻㊂਄᣹ψ⽽㘩⢻ߩᦝߥࠆะ਄‫߁޿ߣޕ‬
ᱜߩࡈࠖ࡯࠼ࡃ࠶ࠢ࡞࡯ࡊ߇ሽ࿷ߔࠆߎߣ߇᣿ࠄ߆ߣ
ߥߞߡ߈ߚ‫⃻ޕ‬࿷‫⚦ޔ‬⢩⤑਄ߢߩࠬࠞࡌࡦࠫࡖ࡯࡟࠮ࡊ
࠲࡯ߩ቟ቯᕈߦ㑐ࠊࠆ↢૕ౝ࡟ࠢ࠴ࡦߩหቯࠍ⹜ߺߡ޿
ࠆ‫ޕ‬
࡮♧㎮᭴ㅧ⸃ᨆߦࠃࠆSREC-Iߩᯏ⢻⸃ᨆ
SREC-IߪᄌᕈLDLࠍขࠅㄟ߻ߎߣߦࠃࠅࠕ࠹ࡠ࡯ࡓ
ࡊ࡜࡯ࠢߩᒻᚑߦ㑐ਈߒߡ޿ࠆߎߣ߇⠨߃ࠄࠇࠆ‫♧ޕ‬㎮
ߩ᭴ㅧᯏ⢻⋧㑐⸃ᨆ߆ࠄAsn289ߩ♧㎮ߪ‫ߩߘޔ‬ಽጘ᭴ㅧ
ߩⶄ㔀ൻߦߣ߽ߥߞߡࡊࡠ࠹ࠕ࡯࠯ᛶ᛫ᕈࠍ⊒ើߔࠆߎ
ߣ‫ޔ‬Asn382ߩ♧㎮ߪSREC-Iߩࠕ࠮࠴࡞ൻLDLߦኻߔࠆⷫ
๺ᕈࠍ೙ᓮߔࠆߎߣ‫ޔ‬Asn393ߩ♧㎮ߪㆡಾߥSREC-Iߩ⚦
⢩ౝャㅍࠍ೙ᓮߒߡ޿ࠆߎߣࠍ᣿ࠄ߆ߦߒ߹ߒߚ‫ߩߎޕ‬
ߎߣࠃࠅ‫↢ޔ‬ᘒⅣႺࠍ෻ᤋߒߚSREC-Iߩ♧㎮᭴ㅧᄌൻ߇‫ޔ‬
ࠕ࠹ࡠ࡯ࡓࡊ࡜࡯ࠢᒻᚑㆊ⒟ߦᷓߊ㑐ਈߒߡ޿ࠆߣ⸒߁
⍮⷗ࠍᓧ߹ߒߚ‫ޕ‬
― 94 ―
[ 附 2 ] 各附属研究施設の組織と活動
⏘ᴗ⛉Ꮫࢼࣀࢸࢡࣀࣟࢪ࣮ࢭࣥࢱ࣮
ࢭࣥࢱ࣮㛗㸦ව௵㸧ᩍᤵ Ᏻ⸽ ⰾ㞝
஦ົ⿵బဨ
ᯘ ┿௦
ᴫせ
⏘ᴗ⛉Ꮫࢼࣀࢸࢡࣀࣟࢪ࣮ࢭࣥࢱ࣮ࡣࠊཎᏊ࣭ศᏊࢆ✚ࡳୖࡆᮦᩱࢆ๰〇ࡍࡿ࣎ࢺ࣒࢔ࢵࣉࢼࣀࢸࢡ
ࣀࣟࢪ࣮ࠊᮦᩱࢆᴟ㝈ࡲ࡛๐ࡾࢼࣀࢹࣂ࢖ࢫࢆస〇ࡍࡿࢺࢵࣉࢲ࢘ࣥࢼࣀࢸࢡࣀࣟࢪ࣮ࠊࡉࡽ࡟ࡑࢀࡽ
ࡢ⼥ྜ࡟ࡼࡿ⏘ᴗᛂ⏝ࢆ┠ᣦࡋ࡚⥲ྜⓗ࡟ࢼࣀࢧ࢖࢚ࣥࢫ࣭ࢼࣀࢸࢡࣀࣟࢪ࣮ࢆ᥎㐍ࡍࡿࡇ࡜ࢆ┠ⓗ࡜
ࡋ࡚ࠊ2002 ᖺ࡟⏘ᴗ⛉Ꮫ◊✲ᡤ࡟タ⨨ࡉࢀࡓ඲ᅜึࡢࢼࣀࢸࢡࣀࣟࢪ࣮ࢭࣥࢱ࣮࡛࠶ࡿࠋ2009 ᖺ࡟⏘
◊ࡢ኱ᖜ࡞ᨵ⤌࡟క࠸ࠊᑓ௵ 6 ◊✲ศ㔝ࢆ୰ᚰ࡜ࡋࡓ᪂ࡋ࠸⤌⧊࡟඘ᐇᙉ໬ࡉࢀࡓࠋ
タ❧ᙜึࡣࠊᑓ௵ 3ࠊᡤෆව௵ 7ࠊᏛෆව௵ 3ࠊᅜෆ࣭እᅜேᐈဨ 3 ࡢ 16 ◊✲ศ㔝࠿ࡽ࡞ࡿ 3 ◊✲㒊
㛛ไ࡛Ⓨ㊊ࡋࡓࠋ2003 ᖺ࡟ࡣࢼࣀࢸࢡࣀࣟࢪ࣮⥲ྜ◊✲Ჷࡀ᏶ᡂࡋࠊ඲Ꮫࡢࢼࣀࢸࢡࣀࣟࢪ࣮◊✲ࢆ᥎
㐍ࡍࡿࡓࡵࡢ࣮࢜ࣉࣥࣛ࣎ࣛࢺ࣮ࣜࡢ㐠⏝ࡶ㛤ጞࡉࢀࡓࠋࡲࡓࠊ⏘ᏛᐁࡢᏛእࢼࣀࢸࢡࣀࣟࢪ࣮◊✲⪅
ࡢࡓࡵࡢඹྠ᪋タ࡜ࡋ࡚ࢼࣀࢸࢡࣀࣟࢪ࣮ࣉࣟࢭࢫࣇ࢓ࣥࢻ࣮ࣜࡀタ⨨ࡉࢀᨭ᥼άືࢆ㛤ጞࡋࡓࠋ2004
ᖺ࡟ࡣ 20 ◊✲ศ㔝࠿ࡽ࡞ࡿ 4 ◊✲㒊㛛࡟ᣑ඘ࡉࢀࡓࠋࡉࡽ࡟ࠊ2006 ᖺ࡟ࢼࣀຍᕤᐊࡀタ⨨ࡉࢀࠊ2007
ᖺ࡟ࢼࣀࢸࢡࣀࣟࢪ࣮ࣉࣟࢭࢫࣇ࢓ࣥࢻ࣮ࣜ࡟௦ࢃࡗ࡚㜰኱」ྜᶵ⬟ࢼࣀࣇ࢓࢘ࣥࢲࣜࡀࢫࢱ࣮ࢺࡋ
ࡓࠋ
᪂ࡋ࠸⏘ᴗ⛉Ꮫࢼࣀࢸࢡࣀࣟࢪ࣮ࢭࣥࢱ࣮ࡣࠊᑓ௵ 6 ◊✲ศ㔝ࢆ୰ᚰ࡜ࡋ࡚ࠊᡤෆව௵ 3ࠊᏛෆව௵
6ࠊᅜෆ࣭እᅜேᐈဨ 3 ࡢ 18 ◊✲ศ㔝࠿ࡽ࡞ࡾࠊࡉࡽ࡟ࠊ᪂ࡓ࡟ࢼࣀࢸࢡࣀࣟࢪ࣮࡟≉໬ࡋࡓ౪⏝᭱ඛ
➃ᶵჾࢆタ⨨ࡍࡿࢼࣀࢸࢡඛ➃ᶵჾᐊࢆタࡅࡓࠋᙜึ௜ࡉࢀ࡚࠸ࡓ᫬㝈ࢆ᧔ᗫࡋ࡚ࠊᖜᗈࡃࣁ࣮ࢻࠊࢯ
ࣇࢺࠊ⏕యᮦᩱศ㔝࡟࠾࠸࡚ࢺࢵࣉࢲ࢘ࣥ࡜࣎ࢺ࣒࢔ࢵࣉࢼࣀࣉࣟࢭࢫࡢ⼥ྜ࡟ࡼࡿࢼࣀࢩࢫࢸ࣒ࡢ๰
ᡂࠊࡉࡽ࡟ࠊ⌮ㄽ࠾ࡼࡧホ౯࡜ࡢ◊✲⼥ྜ࡟ࡼࡾ᪂ࡓ࡞ᒎ㛤ࢆᅗࡿࡇ࡜࡛ࢼࣀࢸࢡࣀࣟࢪ࣮◊✲ࢆᏛ㝿
⼥ྜᇶ┙⛉Ꮫᢏ⾡࡬࡜Ⓨᒎࡉࡏࡿࡇ࡜ࢆ┠ᣦࡋ࡚࠸ࡿࠋࡲࡓࠊᏛෆ࣭ᅜෆ࣭ᅜእࡢከᙬ࡞ࢿࢵࢺ࣮࣡ࢡ
ࢆᵓ⠏ࡋ࡚ࠊࢼࣀࢸࢡࣀࣟࢪ࣮◊✲ࡢᣐⅬ࡜࡞ࡿࡇ࡜ࢆ┠ᣦࡋ࡚࠸ࡿࠋ
― 97 ―
࠽ࡁᯏ⢻᧚ᢱ࠺ࡃࠗࠬ⎇ⓥಽ㊁
ᢎ᝼
↰ਛ ⑲๺
ഥᢎ ␹ศ ノᄦ‫᦯ޔ‬ㇱ ᪧ‫⮮ޔ‬ේ ብᐔ
ඳ჻⎇ⓥຬ
ጟ↰ ᶈ৻
ᄢቇ㒮ቇ↢ 㜞⷗ ⧷ผ‫ޔ‬የ㊁ ◊ᔒ‫ޔ‬㒋ᧄ ථ਽‫ޔ‬Ꮉ⼱ ஜ৻‫ޔ‬ᰏፒ ⾆ศ‫⮮ޔ‬ේ ᐽม
ቇㇱቇ↢ Ꮢ᧛ ᣵ჻‫ޔ‬਄↰ ᄢ⾆
ᛛⴚ⵬૒ຬ
ጊ⬺ ℂᕺ㧔ᐔᚑ 22 ᐕ 9 ᦬ 1 ᣣណ↪㧕
੐ോ⵬૒ຬ
ᅏᧄ ᦮ሶ
a) ᭎ⷐ
᭽‫ߥޘ‬ᄖ႐(శ‫⏛ޔ‬႐‫ޔ‬㔚႐‫ޔ‬᷷ᐲ╬)ߦኻߒᏂᄢߦᔕ╵ߔࠆㆫ⒖㊄ዻ㉄ൻ‛᧚ᢱ⟲ࠍኻ⽎ߣߒ‫࠶࠻ޔ‬
ࡊ࠳࠙ࡦ࠽ࡁ࠹ࠢࡁࡠࠫ࡯㧔⿥ᓸ⚦࠽ࡁടᎿᛛⴚ㧕ߣࡏ࠻ࡓࠕ࠶ࡊ࠽ࡁ࠹ࠢࡁࡠࠫ࡯㧔⿥⭯⤑࡮ࡋ࠹ࡠ
ធว࡮ੱᎿᩰሶ⚿᥏ᚑ㐳㧕ߣࠍⲢวߔࠆߎߣߦࠃߞߡ‫ߩߺᦸޔ‬૏⟎ߦ‫࡮⾰‛ߩߺᦸޔ‬㔚ሶ⁁ᘒߩⓨ㑆⊛
㈩⟎ߣᰴరᕈࠍ࠽ࡁࠬࠤ࡯࡞ߢછᗧߦ೙ᓮߔࠆᛛⴚᣇᴺ⺰ߣߘߩ㉄ൻ‛࠽ࡁ᭴ㅧ߇␜ߔၮ␆‛ᕈߩℂ
⸃ࠍㅢߒߡ‫ޔ‬ᓸዊߥࠛࡀ࡞ࠡ࡯㧔శ‫⏛ޔ‬႐‫ޔ‬㔚႐‫ޔ‬᷷ᐲ㧕ߢߩቶ᷷Ꮒᄢᔕ╵ࠍน⢻ߦߔࠆ࠺ࡃࠗࠬᣂේ
ℂߩ᭴▽ߦขࠅ⚵ࠎߢ޿ࠆ‫੹ޕ‬ᐕᐲߩਥߥᚑᨐࠍએਅߦ⹦ㅀߔࠆ‫ޕ‬
b) ᚑᨐ
࡮ᯏ⢻ᕈ㊄ዻ㉄ൻ‛ ᰴర࠽ࡁ᭴ㅧߩᣂᄸⲢว૞⵾ᴺ᭴▽
ⵝ⟎ಽ⸃⢻ߦ❈ࠄࠇߕ‫ߩ࡞࡯ࠤࠬߩߺᦸޔ‬
࠽ࡁ᭴ㅧ૕ࠍഃ⵾ߔࠆߚ߼ߩᣂⷙࡊࡠ࠮ࠬ
ߣߒߡ‫ߢࠬ࠮ࡠࡊࡦ࠙࠳ࡊ࠶࠻ޔ‬ቢో૏⟎᳿
߼ߐࠇߚ࠽ࡁࠬࠤ࡯࡞࠹ࡦࡊ࡟࡯࠻ߦኻߒ‫ޔ‬
ේሶ࡮ಽሶጀෘߐߩන૏ߢ೙ᓮᚑ㐳น⢻ߥࡏ
࠻ࡓࠕ࠶ࡊ⭯⤑⚿᥏ᚑ㐳ࠍ࠹ࡦࡊ࡟࡯࠻஥
㕙߆ࠄⴕ߁ᣂⷙⲢวࡊࡠ࠮ࠬࠍឭ᩺‫ߒ┙⏕ޔ‬
ߚ‫ߩߎޕ‬ᚻᴺߢߪ࠽ࡁࠗࡦࡊ࡝ࡦ࠻ᴺߢ૏⟎
ࠍⷙቯߐࠇߚ࠽ࡁ࠹ࡦࡊ࡟࡯࠻ߦኻߒ‫⌕⫳ޔ‬
ᤨߩ⹜ᢱ௑ᢳⷺᐲ‫ޔ‬㕙ౝ࿁ォⷺᐲߥߤߩฦࡄ
࡜ࡔ࡯࠲࡯ࠍ⥄࿷ߦ೙ᓮߒߡࡄ࡞ࠬ࡟࡯ࠩ
⫳⌕ࠍⴕ߁‫ޕ‬ಽሶጀ࡟ࡌ࡞ߢၸⓍ⤑ෘ‫ޔ‬හߜ
ᓧࠄࠇࠆ࠽ࡁࡄ࠲࡯ࡦߩෘߺࠍ೙ᓮߔࠆߎ ࿑㧝 ᣂᄸⲢวᴺߢ૞⵾ߒߚ(a) (Fe3-xMnx)O4࠽ࡁ࠼࠶࠻(⋥ᓘ 60nm)‫ޔ‬
ߣߢ‫ޔ‬ᓥ᧪ဳ࠻࠶ࡊ࠳࠙ࡦ࡝࠰ࠣ࡜ࡈࠖᚻᴺ (b)ZnO ࠽ࡁࡏ࠶ࠢࠬ(ოෘ 70 nm‫ޔ‬㜞ߐ 250 nm) ෸߮ ࠽ࡁ⚦✢(✢᏷
20nm)᭴ㅧ
(㔚ሶࡆ࡯ࡓ࡝࠰ࠣ࡜ࡈࠖ‫ޔ‬㓸᧤ࠗࠝࡦࡆ࡯ࡓ
ടᎿߥߤ)ߩⵝ⟎㒢⇇ࠍ⿥߃ߚᭂዊࠨࠗ࠭ߩ࠽ࡁ᭴ㅧ૕߇‫ߩߺᦸޔ‬૏⟎࡮ᒻ⁁࡮ࠨࠗ࠭ߢ૞⵾น⢻ߣߥࠆ‫ޕ‬
࿑ 1 ߦᧄᚻᴺߢ૞⵾ߒߚ‫ޔ‬ቶ᷷ᒝ⏛ᕈඨዉ૕Fe3-xMnxO4‫ޔ‬ㅘ᣿㉄ൻ‛ඨዉ૕ZnOߩ࠼࠶࠻[⺰ᢥ 5]‫࠶ࡏޔ‬
ࠢࠬ‫✢⚦ࡁ࠽ޔ‬᭴ㅧ␜ߔ‫ޕ‬ᓧࠄࠇߚ࠽ࡁ᧚ᢱߪ㜞޿⚿᥏ᕈ‫‛ޔ‬ᕈࠍ␜ߔߎߣࠍ⏕⹺ߒߡ߅ࠅ‫ޔ‬ZnOߦߟ
޿ߡߪන৻࠽ࡁ᭴ㅧ૕߆ࠄߩ㜞ノᐲ⚡ᄖ⊒శߩ᷹ⷰߦ߽ᚑഞߒߡ޿ࠆ‫ࡁ࠽ߩߎޕ‬᭴ㅧ૞⵾ᛛⴚࠍၮ⋚ᛛ
ⴚߣߒߡ‫᧚ޔ‬ᢱ߇ẜ࿷⊛ߦᜬߟᕈ⢻ࠍᦨᄢ㒢ߦᵴ↪ߒߚᣂⷙ࠽ࡁ㔚ሶ࠺ࡃࠗࠬᯏ⢻ߩ㐿ᜏࠍ⹜ߺߡ޿ࠆ‫ޕ‬
࡮ᒝ⏛ᕈFe㉄ൻ‛৻ᰴర࠽ࡁ᭴ㅧߩ⏛᳇ャㅍ․ᕈ
ᰴ਎ઍࠛ࡟ࠢ࠻ࡠ࠾ࠢࠬߦⷐ᳞ߐࠇࠆ⋭㔚ജ࡮ᓸ⚦ൻࠍታ⃻ߔࠆߚ߼ߩၮᐙⷐ⚛ߣߒߡ‫ࠗࡢࡁ࠽ޔ‬
ࡗ࡮࠽ࡁࡇ࡜࡯ߥߤߩ৻ᰴర࠽ࡁ᭴ㅧ૕߇ᵈ⋡ࠍ㓸߼ߡ޿ࠆ‫ޕ‬ਛߢ߽ᒝ⏛ᕈ᧚ᢱ৻ᰴర࠽ࡁ᭴ㅧߪ‫ޔ‬㔚
ሶ߇ᜬߟࠬࡇࡦ⥄↱ᐲࠍขࠅ౉ࠇߚࠬࡇࡦ࠻ࡠ࠾ࠢࠬ⚛ሶߩഃ಴ࠍㅴ߼ࠆ਄ߢ㊀ⷐߥ૏⟎ࠍභ߼ࠆ‫↰ޕ‬
― 98 ―
ਛ⎇ⓥቶߢߪ‫⇣ޔ‬⒳ర⚛(Mn, Zn)⟎឵ߒߚFe3O4ࠍ᦭
ᦸߥ⏛ᕈ᧚ᢱ⟲ߣ⠨߃‫ޔ‬ၮ␆‛ᕈ⹏ଔ࡮ࡊࡠ࠻࠲ࠗ
ࡊ࠺ࡃࠗࠬߩ᭴▽ߦขࠅ⚵ࠎߢ߈ߚ‫⎇ᧄޕ‬ⓥߢߪ‫ޔ‬
਄⸥࠽ࡁ᭴ㅧ૞⵾ᛛⴚࠍᵴ↪ߒ‫ޔ‬Fe3íxMnxO4 (FMO)
࠽ࡁ⚦✢᭴ㅧࠍ૞⵾ߒ㧔࿑ 2(a)㧕‫⏛ߩߘޔ‬᳇ャㅍ․
ᕈ⹏ଔࠍㅴ߼ߚ‫ޕ‬૞⵾ߒߚ࠽ࡁ⚦✢ߩຠ⾰ࠍ⏕ታߦ
⹏ଔߔࠆߚ߼‫ޔ‬න৻⚦✢ߦኻߒߡ⏛᳇ᛶ᛫․ᕈ
(MR)ࠍ᷹ቯߒߚ㧔࿑ 2(b)㧕‫ޕ‬ㆊ෰ߩ⎇ⓥ߆ࠄ‫ޔ‬Fe3O4
෸߮FMO⭯⤑ߦ߅޿ߡߪ‫ޔ‬antiphase boudaryߣ๭߫
ࠇࠆⓍጀᰳ㒱ࠍ੺ߒߡᒝ⏛ᕈ࠼ࡔࠗࡦ߇෻ᒝ⏛ᕈ
⊛ߦ⚿วߔࠆᕈ⾰ࠍ߽ߟߚ߼‫ޔ‬10 Tߦ㆐ߔࠆᒝ⏛႐
ߦ߅޿ߡ߽MR߇ቢోߦ㘻๺ߒߥ޿ߎߣ߇⍮ࠄࠇߡ ࿑ 2 (a) FMO࠽ࡁ⚦✢ࠕ࡟ࠗߩSEM௝‫(ޕ‬b) ⏛᳇ャㅍ․ᕈ⹏
޿ࠆ‫ޕ‬࿑ 3 ߦ 120 nmߩ⚦✢᏷ࠍᜬߟFMO࠽ࡁ⚦✢ ଔߦ↪޿ߚන৻FMO⚦✢㧔⚦✢᏷ 120 nm㧕ߩశቇ㗼ᓸ㏜௝‫ޕ‬
ߣAl2O3(0001)ၮ᧼਄ߦ⵾⤑ߒߚFMO⭯⤑ߩMR․ (c) ⏛᳇ᛶ᛫․ᕈ‫ޕ‬Al2O3(0001) ၮ᧼਄ߦ૞⵾ߒߚ⭯⤑ߣห╬
ᕈ෸߮ߘߩ᷷ᐲଐሽᕈࠍ␜ߔ‫ޕ‬FMO⚦✢߇⭯⤑ߣห ߩ․ᕈࠍ␜ߔ‫ޕ‬
╬ߩᝄࠆ⥰޿ࠍ␜ߔߎߣ߆ࠄ‫ޔ‬ᒝ⏛ᕈ⊛ᕈ⾰߇࠽ࡁ
⚦✢᭴ㅧߦ߅޿ߡ߽⛽ᜬߐࠇߡ޿ࠆߎߣ߇ಽ߆ࠆ‫ࠄࠇߎޕ‬ᒝ⏛ᕈFe㉄ൻ‛࠽ࡁ⚦✢ࠍⷐ⚛᭴ㅧߣߒߚᣂ
ⷙࠬࡇࡦ࠺ࡃࠗࠬߩ㐿⊒ߦ⃻࿷ขࠅ⚵ࠎߢ޿ࠆ‫ޕ‬
࡮ੑ㉄ൻࡃ࠽ࠫ࠙ࡓߩ㊄ዻ⛘✼૕ᷙว㔚ሶ⋧ⷰኤߣ㔚ሶ⁁ᘒ⹏ଔ
⥄↱㔚ሶߩ㔚⩄ߩߺࠍ೑↪ߒߡ߈ߚᓥ᧪ဳ࠺ࡃࠗࠬߣᲧߴߡ‫ޔ‬ᒝ
⋧㑐㔚ሶ♽㉄ൻ‛ߢߪ‫ޔ‬㔚ሶ࡮ࠬࡇࡦ࡮ᩰሶ㑆ߩ⋧੕૞↪ࠍㅢߓߡ‫ޔ‬
㌃㉄ൻ‛ߩ㜞᷷⿥㔚ዉ߿ࡑࡦࠟࡦ㉄ൻ‛ߩ⿥Ꮒᄢ⏛᳇ᛶ᛫ലᨐ‫ࡃޔ‬
࠽ࠫ࠙ࡓ㉄ൻ‛ߩᏂᄢ㊄ዻ-⛘✼૕ォ⒖╬ߩ․⇣ߥ‛ᕈ߇಴⃻ߔࠆ‫ޕ‬
ߎࠇࠄ㝯ജ⊛ߥᯏ⢻⊒⃻ߪ‫ޔ‬㔚ሶ⋧㑐ߦࠃࠆ “㔚ሶ⋧ォ⒖”߇ਥᓎߣ
ߥߞߡ޿ࠆ‫ߢ࡞࡯ࠤࠬࡁ࠽ޕ‬㔚ሶ⋧߳⋥ធᄖ႐㧔㔚⇇‫ޔ‬᷷ᐲ╬㧕ࠍ
૞↪ߐߖࠆߎߣ߇ߢ߈ࠇ߫‫ޔ‬ᓸዊࠛࡀ࡞ࠡ࡯ߦࠃࠅലᨐ⊛ߦ⋧ォ⒖
ࠍ⿠ߎߔߎߣ߇น⢻ߣߥࠆߚ߼‫⋧ޔ‬㑐㔚ሶ㧔ࡕ࠶࠻㧕࠺ࡃࠗࠬߩ㘧
べ⊛ߥࠛࡀ࡞ࠡ࡯ല₸ൻ࡮㜞ᯏ⢻ൻߦߟߥ߇ࠆߣ⠨߃ࠄࠇࠆ‫ᧄޕ‬ᐕ
ᐲߪ‫ߩߢ࡞࡯ࠤࠬࡁ࠽ޔ‬ᒝ⋧㑐㔚ሶ⋧⁁ᘒࠍℂ⸃ߔࠆߚ߼ߦ‫ޔ‬340 K
ઃㄭߦᏂᄢ㊄ዻ-⛘✼૕⋧ォ⒖ࠍᜬߟੑ㉄ൻࡃ࠽ࠫ࠙ࡓ㧔VO2㧕ߩ⋧
ォ⒖ㄭறߦ⃻ࠇࠆ㊄ዻ-⛘✼૕ᷙว
㔚ሶ⋧ߩ㔚ሶ⁁ᘒ⹏ଔࠍⴕ޿‫ࠇߎޔ‬
߹ ߢ ᧂ ⸃ ᣿ ߢ ޽ ߞ ߚ second
monoclinic 㧔M2⋧㧕ߩ㔚ሶ⁁ᘒࠍ․
ቯߢ߈‫✼⛘࠻࠶ࡕޔ‬૕ߢ޽ࠆߎߣࠍ
␜ߒߚ[⺰ᢥ 4]‫ޔߚ߹ޕ‬VO2 on TiO2 ࿑ 3 VO2 on TiO2(001)⭯⤑⴫㕙ߩ
(001)⭯⤑ߢߪ‫ޔ‬න৻㔚ሶ࠼ࡔࠗࡦ߇ శቇ㗼ᓸ㏜௝‫ޕ‬㤥޿ㇱಽߪ‫ޔ‬㊄ዻ⋧‫ޕ‬
ᢙǴm~ᢙචǴmߣᏂᄢൻߒ‫ޔ‬᷷ᐲ਄ ᷷ᐲ਄᣹ߣߣ߽ߦ㊄ዻ⋧߇Ⴧ߃ߡ
᣹ߦࠃࠅ㊄ዻ⋧߇⊒㆐ߔࠆ㧔࿑ 3㧕‫ޕߊ޿ ޕ‬㩷
ߎߩ⭯⤑ߩᛶ᛫-᷷ᐲଐሽᕈ⹏ଔࠍ
ⴕߞߚߣߎࠈ‫ޔ‬㊄ዻ-⛘✼૕㑆ߩ୘‫ߩޘ‬㔚ሶ⋧⋧ォ⒖ߦ↱᧪ߔࠆᛶ᛫
ߩ㘧߮߇⏕⹺ߢ߈ߚ㧔࿑ 4(a)㧕‫ޕ‬ᛶ᛫ߩᄌൻ₸߇Al2O3ၮ᧼਄ߩ߽ߩ
࿑ 4 VO2 on TiO2(001)⭯⤑ߩᛶ᛫
ߣᲧセߒߡ㧞ᩴ⒟ᐲ㧔0.1%߆ࠄ 15%㧕ߩะ਄߇⷗ࠄࠇ(࿑ 4(b))‫ޔ‬න
৻㔚ሶ⋧࠼ࡔࠗࡦߩ೙ᓮน⢻ᕈ߳ߩ㆏ࠍಾࠅ㐿޿ߚ‫⃻ޕ‬࿷ߪ‫ޔ‬VO2ߩ
-᷷ᐲᦛ✢‫ޕ‬୘‫ߩޘ‬㊄ዻ-⛘✼૕㔚ሶ
⋧ォ⒖ߦࠃࠆ㔚᳇ᛶ᛫ߩ㘧߮߇⏕
㔚ᭂࠍ઻ߞߚ࠽ࡁ⚦✢ൻߣ⹏ଔߦขࠅ⚵ࠎߢ߅ࠅ‫ޔ‬ᓸዊ㔚⇇ߦࠃࠆ
⹺ߢ߈ࠆ‫ޕ‬㩷
Ꮒᄢ⋧ォ⒖ࠍ⋡ᜰߒߡ޿ࠆ‫ޕ‬
― 99 ―
ࢼࣀᴟ㝈ࣇ࢓ࣈࣜࢣ࣮ࢩࣙࣥ◊✲ศ㔝
ᩍᤵ
෸ᩍᤵ
ຓᩍ
≉௵ຓᩍ
ᐈဨᩍᤵ
኱Ꮫ㝔Ꮫ⏕
◊✲⏕
஦ົ⿵బဨ
ྜྷ⏣ 㝧୍
᳿ 㔠ᓠࠊྂ⃝ Ꮥᘯ㸦㹼ᖹᡂ 23 ᖺ 5 ᭶ 31 ᪥㸧
㏆⸨ Ꮥᩥ
Ⳣ ᫭୍
ᑠ᪉ ཌࠊᑠᯘ ோ
ᵽᕝ ᬛὒ
ᮤ ு
ྂᯘ ⨾⤮㸦㹼ᖹᡂ 23 ᖺ 12 ᭶ 31 ᪥㸧ࠊ༓௦ Ᏻዉ
a) ᴫせ
ᴟ㝈ࢼࣀࣇ࢓ࣈࣜࢣ࣮ࢩࣙࣥࢆᐇ⌧ࡍࡿࡓࡵ࡟ࠊ᫬㛫࣭✵㛫཯ᛂゎᯒᡭἲࢆ⏝࠸࡚㔞Ꮚࣅ࣮࣒ᴟ㝈ࢼ
ࣀࣇ࢓ࣈࣜࢣ࣮ࢩࣙࣥࡢᇶ♏㐣⛬ࢆゎ᫂ࡋࠊ㔞Ꮚࣅ࣮࣒ㄏ㉳཯ᛂࡢไᚚ᪉ἲࡢ㛤Ⓨࢆ┠ᣦࡋ࡚࠸ࡿࠋࡑ
ࢀࡽࢆᨭ࠼ࡿࡓࡵ࡟ୡ⏺᭱㧗᫬㛫ศゎ⬟ࢆ᭷ࡍࡿࣇ࢙࣒ࢺ⛊࣭࢔ࢺ⛊ࣃࣝࢫࣛࢪ࢜ࣜࢩࢫࢩࢫࢸ࣒࠾ࡼ
ࡧࣇ࢙࣒ࢺ⛊᫬㛫ศゎ㟁Ꮚ㢧ᚤ㙾࡟ࡼࡿࠊࢼࣀ✵㛫ෆࡢ㔞Ꮚࣅ࣮࣒ㄏ㉳㧗㏿⌧㇟ࡢゎ᫂࡟㛵ࡍࡿ◊✲ࢆ
⾜ࡗ࡚࠸ࡿࠋ
b) ᡂᯝ
࣭➼౯㏿ᗘศගἲࣇ࢙࣒ࢺ⛊ࣃࣝࢫࣛࢪ࢜ࣜࢩࢫࡢ◊✲
⌧ᅾୡ⏺᭱㧗᫬㛫ศゎ⬟ࡢ㟁Ꮚ⥺ࣃࣝࢫࣛࢪ࢜ࣜࢩࢫࢆ᭦࡟࢔ࢺ⛊᫬㛫ศゎ⬟ࢆ┠ᣦࡋ࡚ࠊ➼౯㏿ᗘ
ศගἲ࡜࠸࠺᪂ᡭἲࢆ㛤Ⓨࡋ࡚࠸ࡿࠋࣇ࢙࣒ࢺ⛊㟁Ꮚ⥺ࣃࣝࢫࣛࢪ࢜ࣜࢩࢫࡢሙྜࠊ㟁Ꮚ⥺࡜ศᯒගࡢ
ヨᩱ୰࡛ࡢ㏿ᗘᕪ࡟ࡼࡿ᫬㛫ศゎ⬟ຎ໬ࡀ⮴࿨ⓗ࡞ၥ㢟࡜࡞ࡿࠋ240 fs ᫬㛫ศゎ⬟ࡢ⌧ᅾࡢ ᐃࢩࢫࢸ
࣒ࡣࠊヨᩱ㛗ࢆ 200 —m ࡜▷ࡃࡍࡿࡇ࡜࡟ࡼࡾࡇࡢᙳ㡪ࢆపῶࡋ࡚ᡂࡋᚓࡓࡀࠊ᰿ᮏⓗ࡞ゎỴἲ࡛ࡣ࡞
࠸ࠋࡇࡢၥ㢟ࢆ᰿ᮏⓗ࡟ゎỴࡍࡿࡓࡵࡢ࢔࢖ࢹ࢔ࡀ➼౯㏿ᗘศගἲ࡛࠶ࡾࠊᅜෆ࣭ᾏእ࡟ᗈࡃ⤂௓ࡉࢀ
࡚࠸ࡿࡀࠊ㟁Ꮚ⥺ࣃࣝࢫࡢᅽ⦰࡜ᅇ㌿ࡢྠ᫬ᐇ⌧ࡀ኱ࡁ࡞ᅔ㞴࡛࠶ࡗࡓࠋᚑ᮶࡛ࡣࠊࣃࣝࢫᅽ⦰ࡋࡓሙ
ྜࡣ඲ࡃᅇ㌿࡛ࡁࡎࠊᅇ㌿ࡋࡓሙྜࡣ඲ࡃᅽ⦰࡛ࡁࡎࠊ᫬㛫ศゎ⬟ࡣ 4.3 ps ࡟␃ࡲࡗ࡚࠸ࡓࠋ௒ᖺᗘ᪂
ࡓ࡟㟁Ꮚࣅ࣮࣒ࡢ⦪࣭ᶓ᪉ྥศᕸኚㄪἲࢆ⪃᱌ࡍࡿࡇ࡜࡟ࡼࡾࠊ600 fs ࡲ࡛ࡢࣃࣝࢫᅽ⦰࡜ 18-45°ࡢࣃ
ࣝࢫᅇ㌿ࡢ୧❧ࢆᐇ⌧࡛ࡁࡓࠋࡇࢀ࡟ࡼࡾࠊ1.2 ps ࡲ࡛᫬㛫ศゎ⬟ࡣྥୖࡋࡓࠋࣇ࢙࣒ࢺ⛊ࣃࣝࢫࣛࢪ
࢜ࣜࢩࢫࠊ࢔ࢺ⛊ࣃࣝࢫࣛࢪ࢜ࣜࢩࢫࡢせ⣲ᢏ⾡࡛࠶ࡿ➼౯㏿ᗘศගἲࡢ኱ၥ㢟ࢆゎỴࡋࠊཎ⌮ᐇド࡟
ᡂຌࡋࡓࠋ
࣭ࢲࣈࣝࢹࢵ࣮࢝ࣃࣝࢫࣛࢪ࢜ࣜࢩࢫࡢ㛤Ⓨ
ᴟ㝈᫬㛫ศゎ⬟ࣃࣝࢫࣛࢪ࢜ࣜࢩࢫ㛤Ⓨࡢࡓࡵࠊࢲࣈࣝࢹࢵ࣮࢝㟁Ꮚࣅ࣮࣒ࢆ⏝࠸ࡓࣃࣝࢫࣛࢪ࢜ࣜ
ࢩࢫࡢ◊✲ࢆ⾜ࡗࡓࠋࣇ࢛ࢺ࢝ࢯ࣮ࢻ㧗࿘Ἴ㟁Ꮚ㖠࡟ 2 ࡘࡢ⣸እගࣃࣝࢫࢆධᑕࡍࡿࡇ࡜࡟ࡼࡾࠊࢲࣈ
ࣝࢹࢵ࣮࢝㟁Ꮚࣅ࣮࣒ࢆⓎ⏕ࡋࡓࠋࣃࣝࢫࣛࢪ࢜ࣜࢩࢫ࡛ࡣࠊ᫬㛫ⓗ࡟᪩࠸∦᪉ࡢ㟁Ꮚࣅ࣮࣒ࢆศᯒග
࡟ኚ᥮ࡋࠊ㐜࠸∦᪉ࡢ㟁Ꮚࣅ࣮࣒ࢆヨᩱບ㉳⏝㟁Ꮚࣅ࣮࣒࡜ࡋ࡚฼⏝ࡋࡓࠋࡑࡢ⤖ᯝࠊୡ⏺ึࡢࢲࣈࣝ
ࢹࢵ࣮࢝ࣃࣝࢫࣛࢪ࢜ࣜࢩࢫࢆᵓ⠏ࡋࠊỈ࿴㟁Ꮚࡢィ ࡟࠾ࡅࡿ᫬㛫ศゎ⬟࡟┦ᙜࡍࡿ 10-90%ࡢ❧ࡕ
ୖࡀࡾ᫬㛫ࡣ 8.6 ps ࡛࠶ࡗࡓࠋ᭦࡟ࠊࢲࣈࣝࢹࢵ࣮࢝ࣃࣝࢫࣛࢪ࢜ࣜࢩࢫ࡟ࡼࡿỈ࿴㟁Ꮚࡢࢫ࣌ࢡࢺࣝ
ᐃ࡬ࡢ᭷ຠᛶࡶ☜ㄆࡉࢀࡓࠋ௒ᚋࠊࢲࣈࣝࢹࢵ࣮࢝㟁Ꮚࣅ࣮࣒࠾ࡼࡧࣃࣝࢫࣛࢪ࢜ࣜࢩࢫ ᐃ⣔ࡢ᭱
㐺໬ࢆ⾜࠸ࠊ᫬㛫ศゎ⬟ࢆྥୖࡍࡿࠋࡲࡓࠊ㟁Ꮚࣅ࣮࣒ࡢࢸࣛ࣊ࣝࢶἼᨺᑕࢆ฼⏝ࡋࡓ᪂ࡋ࠸ࣃࣝࢫࣛ
ࢪ࢜ࣜࢩࢫ㛤Ⓨࡶᮇᚅࡉࢀࡿࠋ
࣭ࣇ࢙࣒ࢺ⛊ࣃࣝࢫࣛࢪ࢜ࣜࢩࢫ࡟ࡼࡿᴟᛶ⁐፹୰ࡢ⁐፹࿴㟁Ꮚ⏕ᡂ㐣⛬ࡢ◊✲
ཎᏊຊⓎ㟁ᡤࡢ෭༷Ỉࡸᨺᑕ⥺་⒪࡞࡝࡛ࡣࠊỈࡢᨺᑕ⥺໬Ꮫࡀ㔜せ࡛࠶ࡿࠋỈࡸ࢔ࣝࢥ࣮ࣝ࡟௦⾲
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ࡉࢀࡿᴟᛶ⁐፹࡟ᨺᑕ⥺ࡀ↷ᑕࡉࢀࡿ࡜࢖࢜ࣥ໬࡟ࡼࡗ࡚㟁Ꮚࡀ⏕ᡂࡋࠊ㟁Ꮚࡣ࿘ᅖࡢᴟᛶศᏊࢆ㓄ྥ
ࡉࡏ࡚⁐፹࿴㟁Ꮚ࡜ࡋ࡚Ᏻᐃ໬ࡍࡿࠋᡃࠎࡣࣇ࢛ࢺ࢝ࢯ࣮ࢻ RF 㟁Ꮚ㖠ࣛ࢖ࢼࢵࢡࢆ⏝࠸ࡓࣃࣝࢫࣛࢪ
࢜ࣜࢩࢫἲ㸦᭱㧗᫬㛫ศゎ⬟ 240fs㸧࡟ࡼࡗ࡚ࠊỈ୰ࡢỈ࿴㟁Ꮚ⏕ᡂ㐣⛬(550fs)࡜Ỉ࿴๓㟁Ꮚࡢ㏆㉥እᇦ
࡛ࡢ㐣Ώග྾཰ࢆほ ࡍࡿࡇ࡜࡟ᡂຌࡋࡓࠋࡲࡓ࢚ࢱࣀ࣮ࣝ୰ࡢ⁐፹࿴๓㟁Ꮚ⏕ᡂ㐣⛬㸦3ps㸧࡜⁐፹࿴
㟁Ꮚ⏕ᡂ㐣⛬㸦13ps㸧ࢆほ ࡍࡿࡇ࡜࡟ࡶᡂຌࡋࠊⅣ⣲ᩘࡢከ࠸┤㙐࢔ࣝࢥ࣮ࣝ࡯࡝⁐፹࿴࡟᫬㛫ࡀ࠿
࠿ࡿࡇ࡜ࡀศ࠿ࡗࡓࠋࡲࡓ ᐃἼ㛗ᇦࢆᣑ኱ࡍࡿࡇ࡜࡟ࡼࡗ࡚ࠊ⁐፹࿴㟁Ꮚ⏕ᡂ࣓࢝ࢽࢬ࣒ࡀ᫂ࡽ࠿࡟
࡞ࡾࡘࡘ࠶ࡿࠋ
࣭㏆㉥እࣇ࢙࣒ࢺ⛊ࣃࣝࢫࣛࢪ࢜ࣜࢩࢫ࡟ࡼࡿࢻࢹ࢝ࣥ୰ࡢࢪ࢙࣑ࢿ࣮ࢺ࢖࢜ࣥ෌⤖ྜࡢ◊✲
ࣇ࢙࣒ࢺ⛊ࣃࣝࢫࣛࢪ࢜ࣜࢩࢫࢩࢫࢸ࣒ࢆ㏆㉥እ㡿ᇦ࡟ᣑᙇࡍࡿࡇ࡜࡟ࡼࡾࠊ௦⾲ⓗ࡞㠀ᴟᛶ⁐፹࡛
࠶ࡿࢻࢹ࢝ࣥ୰ࡢ㟁Ꮚࡢ᫬㛫ᣲືࢆࣆࢥ⛊㡿ᇦ࡛ ᐃࡋࡓࠋ㟁Ꮚࡢ᫬㛫ᣲື࡜ࣛࢪ࢝ࣝ࢝ࢳ࢜ࣥࡢ᫬㛫
ᣲືࢆẚ㍑ࡋࠊᣑᩓ⌮ㄽ࡟ᇶ࡙࠸ࡓࢩ࣑࣮ࣗࣞࢩࣙࣥ࡟ࡼࡾゎᯒࡋࠊࢪ࢙࣑ࢿ࣮ࢺ࢖࢜ࣥ෌⤖ྜࢆ◊✲
ࡋࡓࠋᩘ 100 ps ࡢ᫬㛫㡿ᇦ࡛ࡣࠊ㟁Ꮚ࡜ࣛࢪ࢝ࣝ࢝ࢳ࢜ࣥࡢ᫬㛫ᣲືࡣ୍⮴ࡋ࡚࠾ࡾࠊࡇࡢ஦࠿ࡽࣛࢪ
࢝ࣝ࢝ࢳ࢜ࣥ࡜㟁Ꮚࡀࢪ࢙࣑ࢿ࣮ࢺ࣌࢔࡛࠶ࡿ࡜࠸࠺ᚑ᮶࠿ࡽゝࢃࢀ࡚ࡁࡓࡇ࡜ࢆ෌☜ㄆࡋࡓࠋࡋ࠿ࡋ
࡞ࡀࡽࠊ50 ps ࡼࡾ᪩࠸᫬㛫㡿ᇦ࡛㟁Ꮚࡢ᫬㛫ᣲືࡣࠊࣛࢪ࢝ࣝ࢝ࢳ࢜ࣥ࡜኱ࡁࡃ␗࡞ࡿࡇ࡜ࢆぢฟࡋࡓࠋ
ࡇࢀࡲ࡛᭱ึࡢࢪ࢙࣑ࢿ࣮ࢺ࣌࢔࡜ࡉࢀ࡚ࡁࡓ㟁Ꮚ࡜ࣛࢪ࢝ࣝ࢝ࢳ࢜ࣥࡢ᫬㛫ᣲືࡀ᪩࠸᫬㛫㡿ᇦ࡛
␗࡞ࡿࡢࡣࠊ๓ᖺሗ࿌ࡋࡓࡼ࠺࡟ࠊບ㉳ࣛࢪ࢝ࣝ࢝ࢳ࢜ࣥ࠿ࡽࣛࢪ࢝ࣝ࢝ࢳ࢜ࣥࡀ⏕ᡂࡉࢀࡿࡓࡵ࡜⪃
࠼ࡽࢀࡿࠋ᪩࠸᫬㛫㡿ᇦ࡛ࡢ㟁Ꮚ࡜ࣛࢪ࢝ࣝ࢝ࢳ࢜ࣥࡢ᫬㛫ᣲືࡢ୙୍⮴ࡣບ㉳ࣛࢪ࢝ࣝ࢝ࢳ࢜ࣥࡢᏑ
ᅾࢆᙉࡃᨭᣢࡍࡿࠋ
࣭ࢥࣄ࣮ࣞࣥࢺࢳ࢙ࣞࣥࢥࣇᨺᑕࢆ⏝࠸ࡓࣃࣝࢫᖜ ᐃࡢ◊✲
100 fs ௨ୗࡢ㟁Ꮚࣅ࣮࣒ࡢࣃࣝࢫᖜデ᩿᪉ἲࡢ㛤Ⓨࢆ┠ⓗ࡜ࡋ࡚ࠊ㟁Ꮚࣅ࣮࣒࠿ࡽࡢࢥࣄ࣮ࣞࣥࢺࢳ
࢙ࣞࣥࢥࣇᨺᑕ⏝࠸ࡓࣃࣝࢫᖜ ᐃࡢ◊✲ࢆ⾜ࡗࡓࠋࣇ࢛ࢺ࢝ࢯ࣮ࢻ RF 㟁Ꮚ㖠ࣛ࢖ࢼࢵࢡ࠿ࡽࡢࣆࢥ
⛊࣭ࣇ࢙࣒ࢺ⛊㟁Ꮚࣅ࣮࣒࡜ㄏ㟁య⟶ࢆ⏝࠸ࡓࢥࣄ࣮ࣞࣥࢺࢳ࢙ࣞࣥࢥࣇᨺᑕ࡟ࡼࡾࠊከ࣮ࣔࢻࡢࢸࣛ
࣊ࣝࢶἼࢆⓎ⏕ࡋࡓࠋ㟁Ꮚࣅ࣮࣒ࡢࣃࣝࢫᅽ⦰ࢆ᭱㐺໬ࡍࡿࡇ࡜࡟ࡼࡾࠊ0.7 THz ࡲ࡛ࡢከ࣮ࣔࢻࢸࣛ
࣊ࣝࢶἼⓎ⏕࡟ᡂຌࡋࠊࢸࣛ࣊ࣝࢶἼࡢࢫ࣌ࢡࢺࣝゎᯒ࡟ࡼࡾࣃࣝࢫᖜࢆぢ✚ࡶࡗࡓࠋࢫࢺ࣮ࣜࢡ࣓࢝
ࣛࢆ⏝࠸ࡓࣃࣝࢫᖜ ᐃ⤖ᯝ࡜ẚ㍑ࡋࠊᮏᡭἲ࡟࠾࠸࡚ࡶ 200 fs ࡲ࡛ࡢ㟁Ꮚࣅ࣮࣒ࣃࣝࢫᖜ ᐃ⤖ᯝࡀ
ࡼࡃ୍⮴ࡍࡿࡇ࡜ࡀศ࠿ࡗࡓࠋ
࣭ࣇ࢙࣒ࢺ⛊᫬㛫ศゎ㟁Ꮚ㢧ᚤ㙾ࡢ㛤Ⓨ
ࣇ࢙࣒ࢺ⛊㡿ᇦࡢ᫬㛫ศゎ⬟࡜ཎᏊࣞ࣋ࣝࡢ✵㛫ศゎ⬟ࢆేࡏᣢࡘࣇ࢙࣒ࢺ⛊᫬㛫ศゎ㟁Ꮚ㢧ᚤ㙾
ࡣࠊᐇ᫬㛫࣭ᐇ✵㛫࡟࠾ࡅࡿ㉸㧗㏿ࡢᵓ㐀ኚ໬࡟ᐤ୚ࡍࡿಶࠎࡢཎᏊࡢኚ఩࡟㛵ࡍࡿ▱ぢࡀ┤᥋⋓ᚓ࡛
ࡁࡿࠊୡ⏺୰ࡢ≀㉁ᵓ㐀⛉Ꮫ◊✲⪅ࡀᚅᮃࡋ࡚ࡸࡲ࡞࠸ࠕክࡢ⿦⨨࡛ࠖ࠶ࡿࠋᖹᡂ 23 ᖺᗘ࡟ࡣࠊ㧗ศ
ゎ⬟ࡢ㟁Ꮚ㢧ᚤ㙾ࢆᐇ⌧ࡍࡿࡓࡵ࡟ࠊ⌫㠃཰ᕪࡸⰍ཰ᕪࡢᙳ㡪ࢆᴟ㝈࡟పῶࡋࡓ࢚ࢿࣝࢠ࣮ࡀ 2MeV ࡢ
㉸㧗ᅽ㟁Ꮚ㢧ᚤ㙾⏝ࡢ᭱኱☢ሙᙉᗘࡀ 2.2T ࡢᙉ☢ሙᑐ≀ࣞࣥࢬࡢタィ࡜〇సࢆ⾜ࡗࡓࠋࡲࡓࠊ㟁Ꮚ⥺ࡢ
ప↷ᑕ࡛ศᯒྍ⬟࡜࡞ࡿ㧗࠸᳨ฟຠ⋡ࢆᣢࡘ᳨ฟჾࡢ㛤Ⓨࢆ⾜࠸ࠊ᫖ᖺᗘ࡟〇సࡋࡓධᑕࣞࣥࢬගᏛ⣔
࡜㐃⤖ࡋ࡚㏱㐣㟁Ꮚ㢧ᚤ㙾ࡢ⤖ീ࡜ ᐃࢩࢫࢸ࣒ࢆ᏶ᡂࡋࡓࠋ
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ࢼࣀᵓ㐀࣭ᶵ⬟ホ౯◊✲ศ㔝
ᩍᤵ
෸ᩍᤵ
ຓᩍ
኱Ꮫ㝔Ꮫ⏕
஦ົ⿵బဨ
➉⏣ ⢭἞
▼୸ Ꮫ
ྜྷ⏣ ⚽ே
⾲ ᏹᶞࠊᒣᮧ ோࠊ☾㷂 ♸㍜ࠊ௰ᮧ ᐀㉳
෠஭ ⱱᏊ
a) ᴫせ
ࢼࣀᵓ㐀࡜ࡑࡢᶵ⬟ࡢホ౯࡟ࡣ㟁Ꮚ㢧ᚤ㙾ἲࡣᚲ㡲ࡢᡭἲ࡛࠶ࡿࠋ≉࡟ࠊ㟁Ꮚ㢧ᚤ㙾ࢆ฼⏝ࡋࡓࢼࣀ
ᵓ㐀࣭ࢼࣀࢹࣂ࢖ࢫࡢ⏕ᡂࣉࣟࢭࢫࡢホ౯ࠊཬࡧᶵ⬟Ⓨ⌧୰㸦ືస୰㸧ࡢࢼࣀᵓ㐀࣭ࢼࣀࢹࣂ࢖ࢫࡢホ
౯ࡣࠊ௒ᚋᴟࡵ࡚㔜せ࡟࡞ࡿ࡜⪃࠼ࡽࢀࡿࠋᙜ◊✲ศ㔝࡛ࡣࠊẼయ୰ࡢࢼࣀᵓ㐀࣭ࢼࣀࢹࣂ࢖ࢫࢆཎᏊ
ࢫࢣ࣮࡛ࣝほᐹ࡛ࡁࡿ㧗ศゎ⬟ࡢ⎔ቃไᚚᆺ㏱㐣㟁Ꮚ㢧ᚤ㙾㸦ETEM㸧ࢆ㛤Ⓨࡋ࡚ࡁࡓࠋࡇࡢ ETEM ࢆ
฼⏝ࡋ࡚ࠊྛ✀Ẽయ࡜ᅛయࡢ⏺㠃࡛⏕ࡌࡿືⓗ࡞⌧㇟ࢆࠊཎᏊ࣭㟁Ꮚᵓ㐀ⓗ࡟ゎᯒࡍࡿࡇ࡜࡛ࠊ᪂つ࡞
ࢼࣀᵓ㐀࣭ࢼࣀࢹࣂ࢖ࢫࡢ⏕ᡂࣉࣟࢭࢫࡸᶵ⬟ࡢ㛤Ⓨ࡟㈉⊩ࡋ࡚࠸ࡿࠋලయⓗ࡟ࡣࠊ࣮࢝࣎ࣥࢼࣀࢳࣗ
࣮ࣈ࡟௦⾲ࡉࢀࡿࢼࣀᵓ㐀ࡢ⏕ᡂ㐣⛬ࡸࠊ㔠ࡸⓑ㔠ࢼࣀ⢏Ꮚゐ፹ࡢ୍㓟໬Ⅳ⣲㓟໬཯ᛂ⎔ቃୗ࡛ࡢ᣺ࡿ
⯙࠸ࢆཎᏊࢫࢣ࣮࡛ࣝࡑࡢሙほᐹࡋࠊ⫼ᚋ࡟₯ࡴ≀⌮ࢆ◊✲ࡋ࡚࠸ࡿࠋ
b) ᡂᯝ
୍࣭㓟໬Ⅳ⣲㓟໬཯ᛂ⎔ቃୗ࡟࠾ࡅࡿᢸᣢ㔠ࢼࣀ⢏Ꮚゐ፹ࡢᙧែኚ໬
໬Ꮫⓗ࡟୙άᛶ࡞㔠ᒓࡢ௦⾲࡛࠶ࡿ㔠ࢆࠊࢼࣀ⢏Ꮚ࡜ࡋ࡚㔠ᒓ㓟໬≀࡟ᢸᣢࡍࡿ࡜ᐊ ௨ୗ࡛ࡶ୍㓟
໬Ⅳ⣲ࡢ㓟໬཯ᛂࢆಁ㐍ࡍࡿゐ፹࡜࡞ࡿࡇ࡜ࡀ▱ࡽࢀ࡚࠸ࡿࠋࡋ࠿ࡋࠊ㔠ࢼࣀ⢏Ꮚࡢゐ፹཯ᛂ࣓࢝ࢽࢬ
࣒ࡣᮍゎ࡛᫂࠶ࡿࠋᮏ◊✲࡛ࡣࠊETEM ࢆ⏝࠸࡚ࠊ㓟໬ࢭ࣒ࣜ࢘ୖ࡟ᢸᣢࡉࢀࡓ㔠ࢼࣀ⢏Ꮚゐ፹
㸦Au/CeO2㸧ࢆ୍㓟໬Ⅳ⣲㓟໬཯ᛂ⎔ቃୗ࡛┤᥋ほᐹࡋࠊࡑࡢᙧែࢆ⤫ィⓗ࣭ᐃ㔞ⓗ࡟ホ౯ࡍࡿࡇ࡜࡛ࠊ
ࡑࡢゐ፹཯ᛂ࣓࢝ࢽࢬ࣒ゎ᫂࡟ࡘ࡞ࡀࡿ
㔜せ࡞▱ぢࢆᚓࡓࠋ
ᐇゐ፹࡟࠾࠸࡚ࡣࠊ㔠ࢼࣀ⢏Ꮚ⮬యࡢཎ
Ꮚ㓄ิࠊ࠾ࡼࡧ㔠ࢼࣀ⢏Ꮚ࡜ᢸయ࡜ࡢ⏺㠃
ࡢཎᏊᵓ㐀ࡣಶࠎ࡟␗࡞ࡗ࡚࠸ࡿࠋࡑࡇ࡛
ᡃࠎࡣࠊከᩘࡢ㔠ࢼࣀ⢏Ꮚࡢᙧែࢆࠊ཯ᛂ
࢞ࢫ୰ࡢ୍㓟໬Ⅳ⣲࡜㓟⣲ࡢศᅽࢆ⣔⤫
ⓗ࡟ኚ໬ࡉࡏ࡚ ETEM ࡛ほᐹࡋࠊᚓࡽࢀࡓ
⤖ᯝࢆ⤫ィⓗ࡟ホ౯ࡍࡿࡇ࡜࡛ࠊゐ፹཯ᛂ
⎔ቃୗࡢᐇゐ፹඲యࡢᙧែ᝟ሗࢆᘬࡁࡔ
ࡍࡇ࡜࡟ᡂຌࡋࡓࠋᅗ㸯࡟ࠊ୍㓟໬Ⅳ⣲ࠊ
㓟⣲ศᅽ࡟౫Ꮡࡋࡓ㔠ࢼࣀ⢏Ꮚࡢᙧែࢲ
࢖࢔ࢢ࣒ࣛ࡜ࠊ௦⾲ⓗ࡞ ETEM ീࢆ♧ࡍࠋ
୍㓟໬Ⅳ⣲ศᅽࡀ㧗࠸᫬ࠊ㔠ࢼࣀ⢏Ꮚࡣ
{111}㠃ࡸ{100}㠃࡟ᅖࡲࢀࡓከ㠃యᙧ≧
ࢆ࡜ࡿࡇ࡜ࡀศ࠿ࡿࠋ୍㓟໬Ⅳ⣲ศᏊࡀ㔠
ࢼࣀ⢏Ꮚ⾲㠃ࡢ࢚ࢵࢪࡸࢥ࣮ࢼ࣮࡟྾╔
ࡋ࡚࠸ࡿ࡜⪃࠼ࡽࢀࡿࠋ୍᪉ࠊ㓟⣲୰࡛ࡣࠊ
୸ࡳࢆᖏࡧࡓᙧ≧࡟ኚ໬ࡍࡿࠋ㓟⣲୰࡛ほ
ᐹࡉࢀࡿࡇ࠺ࡋࡓᙧ≧ኚ໬ࡣࠊάᛶࡢప࠸
ᅗ㸯 ୍㓟໬Ⅳ⣲ࠊ㓟⣲ศᅽ࡟౫Ꮡࡋࡓ㓟໬ࢭ࣒ࣜ࢘ୖᢸᣢ㔠ࢼࣀ⢏Ꮚ
Ⅳ໬ࢳࢱࣥୖ࡟ᢸᣢࡉࢀࡓ㔠ࢼࣀ⢏Ꮚ࡛
ᙧ≧ࡢࠊ(a)඾ᆺⓗ࡞ ETEM ീ࡜(b)ᙧែࢲ࢖࢔ࢢ࣒ࣛࠋ
― 102 ―
ࡣほᐹࡉࢀ࡞࠸ࠋࡘࡲࡾࠊ㔠ࢼࣀ⢏Ꮚ࡜㓟໬ࢭ࣒ࣜ࢘ࡢ⏺㠃ࡀࡇ࠺ࡋࡓᙧ≧ኚ໬࡟ᚲせ࡛࠶ࡿࡇ࡜ࢆព
࿡ࡋ࡚࠸ࡿࠋ㓟⣲ศᏊࡀᐊ ࡛ࡶ㔠ࢼࣀ⢏Ꮚ࡜㓟໬ࢭ࣒ࣜ࢘ࡢ⏺㠃࡛ࠊ㟁Ꮚ↷ᑕࡢຠᯝࡶຍࢃࡗ࡚ゎ㞳
ࡋ࡚࠾ࡾࠊࡑࡢ⤖ᯝࠊ㓟⣲ཎᏊࡸ㓟⣲ࢆྵࡴศᏊࡀ㔠ࢼࣀ⢏Ꮚ⾲㠃࡟྾╔ࡋࠊ୸ࡳࢆᖏࡧࡓᙧ≧ࢆㄏ㉳
ࡍࡿ࡜⪃࠼ࡽࢀࡿࠋ
࣭ゐ፹཯ᛂ⎔ቃୗ࡟࠾ࡅࡿ㔠ࢼࣀ⢏Ꮚ෌ᵓᡂ⾲㠃࡜྾╔࢞ࢫศᏊࡢྍど໬
཯ᛂ⎔ቃୗ࡟࠾ࡅࡿゐ፹⾲㠃ࡢᵓ㐀ࢆࠊ⾲㠃࡟྾╔ࡋࡓ࢞ࢫศᏊࡶྵࡵ࡚┤᥋ほᐹࡍࡿࡇ࡜ࡀ࡛ࡁࢀ
ࡤࠊゐ፹ᶵᵓࡢゎ᫂࡟ᙺ❧ࡘ࡜⪃࠼ࡽࢀࡿࠋᡃࠎࡣࠊ཰ᕪ⿵ṇ ETEM ࢆ⏝࠸࡚ࠊ୍㓟໬Ⅳ⣲㓟໬཯ᛂ⎔
ቃୗ࡟࠾࠸࡚㓟໬ࢭ࣒ࣜ࢘ୖ࡟ᢸᣢࡉࢀࡓ㔠ࢼࣀ⢏Ꮚࡢ⾲㠃ࡀ෌ᵓᡂࡋࠊࡑࡢ⾲㠃࡟୍㓟໬Ⅳ⣲ศᏊࡀ
྾╔ࡋ࡚࠸ࡿᵝᏊࢆほᐹࡍࡿࡇ࡜࡟ᡂຌࡋࡓࠋ
ᅗ㸰ࡣ┿✵୰࡜୍㓟໬Ⅳ⣲㓟໬཯ᛂ⎔
ቃ ୗ 㸦 CO/air ΰ ྜ ࢞ ࢫ 㸸 CO-1vol% ࠊ
O2-21vol%ࠊN2-78vol%㸧࡛ほᐹࡋࡓྠ୍㔠
ࢼࣀ⢏Ꮚࡢ཰ᕪ⿵ṇ ETEM ീ㸦ຍ㏿㟁ᅽ
300 kV㸧࡛࠶ࡿࠋほᐹ᪉ྥࡣ㔠ࡢ[011]᪉
ྥ࡛࠶ࡿࠋୗẁ࡟{100}⾲㠃ࡢᣑ኱ീࢆ♧
ࡍࠋ᫂ࡽ࠿࡟཯ᛂ⎔ቃୗ࡛㔠{100}⾲㠃ࡢ
ᵓ㐀ࡀኚ໬ࡋ࡚࠸ࡿࠋ෌⾲ᒙ࡜⾲㠃➨஧ᒙ
࡜ࡢ㛫㝸ࡀᗈࡀࡾࠊ෌⾲ᒙ୰ࡢ㔠ཎᏊࡢ఩
⨨࡟ኚㄪࡀぢࡽࢀࡿࠋᵓ㐀ゎᯒࡢ⤖ᯝࠊ཯
ᛂ⎔ቃୗ࡛{100}⾲㠃ࡀභ᪉᱁Ꮚ࡟෌ᵓᡂ
ࡋ࡚࠸ࡿࡇ࡜ࡀ᫂ࡽ࠿࡟࡞ࡗࡓࠋ
ḟ࡟ࠊ㍍ඖ⣲ࡢࢥࣥࢺࣛࢫࢺࢆᙉㄪࡍࡿ
ࡓࡵ࡟ࠊపຍ㏿㟁ᅽ㸦80 kV㸧࡛㔠ࢼࣀ⢏
ᅗ㸰 㓟໬ࢭ࣒ࣜ࢘ୖ࡟ᢸᣢࡉࢀࡓ㔠ࢼࣀ⢏Ꮚࡢ(a)┿✵୰ࠊ(b)CO/air୰࡟
Ꮚ⾲㠃ࢆほᐹࡋࡓ⤖ᯝࢆᅗ㸱࡟♧ࡍࠋほᐹ
࠾ࡅࡿ཰ᕪ⿵ṇETEMീ㸦ຍ㏿㟁ᅽ300 kV㸧ࠋୗẁࡣ{100}⾲㠃௜㏆ࡢᣑ኱
᪉ྥࡣࠊ㔠ࡢ[011]᪉ྥ࠿ࡽᑡࡋഴ࠸ࡓ᪉
ീࠋCO/air୰࡛{100}⾲㠃ࡀභ᪉᱁Ꮚ࡟෌ᵓᡂࡋ࡚࠸ࡿࠋ
ྥ࡛࠶ࡾࠊ㔠{100}㠃࡟ᑐᛂࡍࡿ᱁Ꮚ⦤ࡀ
ほᐹࡉࢀ࡚࠸ࡿࠋ཯ᛂ⎔ቃୗ࡟
࠾࠸࡚{100}⾲㠃ࡢᵓ㐀ࡀኚ໬
ࡋ࡚࠾ࡾࠊࡉࡽ࡟ࡑࡢ⾲㠃࠿ࡽ
እഃ࡟ᚤᙅ࡞ࢫࢺ࣮ࣜࢡ≧ࡢࢥ
ࣥࢺࣛࢫࢺࡀఙࡧ࡚࠸ࡿࡇ࡜ࡀ
☜ㄆ࡛ࡁࡿࠋ⾲㠃ᵓ㐀ࡢኚ໬ࡣࠊ
ᅗ 2 ྠᵝ࡟㔠{100}⾲㠃ࡀභ᪉
᱁Ꮚ࡟෌ᵓᡂࡋ࡚࠸ࡿࡇ࡜࡛ㄝ
࡛᫂ࡁࡿࠋࡉࡽ࡟ࠊࢫࢺ࣮ࣜࢡ
≧ࡢࢥࣥࢺࣛࢫࢺ࡟ࡘ࠸࡚ࡣࠊ
㔠{100}෌ᵓᡂ⾲㠃ࡢ㔠ཎᏊࡢ
on-top ࢧ࢖ࢺ࡟྾╔ࡋࡓ୍㓟໬
Ⅳ⣲ศᏊ࡟ࡼࡿࡶࡢ࡛࠶ࡿࡇ࡜
ࡀ TEM ീࢩ࣑࣮ࣗࣞࢩࣙࣥ࡜
➨୍ཎ⌮ィ⟬࠿ࡽ♧ࡉࢀࡓࠋ୍
㓟໬Ⅳ⣲ศᏊࡀゐ፹⾲㠃࡜┦஫
ᅗ㸱 ཯ᛂ⎔ቃୗ࡟࠾࠸࡚ࠊ㔠ࢼࣀ⢏Ꮚࡢ෌ᵓᡂ{100}⾲㠃࡟྾╔ࡋࡓ୍㓟໬Ⅳ⣲ศ
స⏝ࡋࠊ㔠ཎᏊࡢ㓄ิࢆ⤌ࡳ᭰
Ꮚࠋ(a)┿✵୰ࠊ(b)཯ᛂ⎔ቃୗ㸦CO/air ୰㸧࡟࠾ࡅࡿ㔠ࢼࣀ⢏Ꮚ⾲㠃ࡢ཰ᕪ⿵ṇ ETEM
࠼ࡉࡏࡿࡇ࡜࡛྾╔ࡋ࡚࠸ࡿࡇ
ീࠋ(b)୰ࡢ㉥ᯟ㒊ศࡢᣑ኱ീࢆ(c)࡟♧ࡍࠋ(d)ࢩ࣑࣮ࣗࣞࢩࣙࣥീ࡜ࡑࡢࣔࢹࣝᅗࠋ
࡜ࡀ᫂ࡽ࠿࡟࡞ࡗࡓࠋ
― 103 ―
ࢼࣀᶵ⬟ண ◊✲ศ㔝
ᩍᤵ ෸ᩍᤵ
ຓᩍ ᣍ࡬࠸ᩍᤵ
እᅜேᐈဨᩍᤵ
༤ኈ◊✲ဨ
኱Ꮫ㝔Ꮫ⏕ ◊✲⏕
Ꮫ㒊Ꮫ⏕ ஦ົ⿵బဨ ᑠཱྀ ከ⨾ኵ
ⓑ஭ ග㞼
ᒣෆ 㑥ᙪ
ᰗ℩ ❶ࠊᮏἙ ග༤
Ole Martin LØVVIK (ᖹᡂ 24 ᖺ 2 ᭶ 29 ᪥ࠥᖹᡂ 24 ᖺ 3 ᭶ 29 ᪥)
㯤 ⣚ᩩ㸦ࠥᖹᡂ 24 ᖺ 3 ᭶ 31 ᪥㸧
ᑠᑎ ‶㸦ࠥᖹᡂ 24 ᖺ 3 ᭶ 31 ᪥㸧
ୖᮧ ┤ᶞࠊ⏣୰ ຬḟࠊ⸨ᮧ ༟ຌࠊᑠ᳃ ᑦᖹࠊୖ⏣ ༟ᘺ
Jagadeesh SURIYAPRAKASH㸦ᖹᡂ 22 ᖺ 10 ᭶ 1 ᪥ࠥᖹᡂ 23 ᖺ 9 ᭶ 27 ᪥㸧
ฟཱྀ ᨻᏕ
ᇉෆ ⨾ዉᏊ
a) ᴫせ
➨୍ཎ⌮ィ⟬࡟ᇶ࡙ࡁࠊ✀ࠎࡢᅛయ⣔࣭⾲㠃⣔࡛Ⓨ⌧ࡍࡿ≀ᛶ࣭ᶵ⬟ࢆ⌮ㄽⓗ࡟ண ࡍࡿ◊✲ࢆ⾜ࡗ
࡚࠸ࡿࠋⓎ⌧ᶵᵓࢆ㟁Ꮚ≧ែࡢ≉␗ᛶ࠿ࡽ᫂ࡽ࠿࡟ࡍࡿࡇ࡜࡟ࡼࡗ࡚ࠊ᪂ࡓ࡞≀㉁ࢆタィࡍࡿ◊✲࡟ࡶ
ᒎ㛤ࡋ࡚࠸ࡿࠋࡲࡓࠊ➨୍ཎ⌮ィ⟬࡟ᚲせ࡜࡞ࡿᇶ♏⌮ㄽࡸィ⟬ᡭἲࡢ㛤Ⓨ࡟ࡶྲྀࡾ⤌ࢇ࡛࠸ࡿࠋ
b) ᡂᯝ
࣭➨୍ཎ⌮ィ⟬ᡭἲࡢ㛤Ⓨ
➨୍ཎ⌮㟁Ꮚ≧ែィ⟬ᡭἲࡢ୰࡛ࡶ᭱ࡶ⢭ᗘࡢ㧗࠸ࡶࡢ࡜ࡋ࡚඲㟁Ꮚࣇ࣏ࣝࢸࣥࢩࣕࣝ⥺ᙧ໬⿵ᙉ
ᖹ㠃Ἴ(FLAPW)ἲࡀ▱ࡽࢀ࡚࠸ࡿࠋᡃࠎࡣ௨๓ࡼࡾࠊ඲㟁Ꮚ FLAPW ἲ࡟㛵ࢃࡿᩘ್ィ⟬ᡭἲ࡜ࡑࢀ࡟
ᇶ࡙ࡃィ⟬ࢥ࣮ࢻࡢ㛤Ⓨ࣭ᨵⰋ࡟ྲྀࡾ⤌ࢇ࡛࠸ࡿࠋ᭱㏆ࠊᵓ㐀᭱㐺໬ࡸᙎᛶᐃᩘࡢຠ⋡ⓗホ౯࡟᭷ຠ࡞
ᛂຊࢸࣥࢯࣝࡢᐃᘧ໬ࢆ⾜ࡗࡓࡀࠊࡇࢀࢆ୍⯡໬໙㓄㏆ఝࡢ⠊ᅖ࡟ᣑᙇࡋࡑࡢィ⟬⢭ᗘࡢホ౯ࢆ㐍ࡵࡓࠋ
࣭Bi ⷧ⭷࡟࠾ࡅࡿ Rashba ຠᯝ
Rashba ຠᯝࡣ஧ḟඖ⮬⏤㟁Ꮚ⣔࡟㟁ሙࢆ༳ୗࡍࡿࡇ࡜࡟ࡼࡾ㉳ࡇࡿࢫࣆࣥศ⿣⌧㇟࡛࠶ࡾࠊࢫࣆࣥ㌶
㐨┦஫స⏝࡟㉳ᅉࡋ࡚࠸ࡿࠋࡇࡢ⌧㇟ࡣࠊ☢ሙࢆ⏝࠸ࡎࢫࣆࣥ⏕ᡂࡸไᚚࡀ࡛ࡁࡿ᪂ࡋ࠸⣲Ꮚᶵᵓ࡜ࡋ
࡚ࢫࣆࣥࢺࣟࢽࢡࢫศ㔝࡛㧗ࡃᮇᚅࡉࢀ࡚࠸ࡿࠋ᭱㏆ࠊ࠸ࡃࡘ࠿ࡢ⾲㠃⣔࡛ Rashba ຠᯝࡀゅᗘศゎග
㟁Ꮚศග࡟ࡼࡾほ ࡉࢀࠊࡑࡢᚤどⓗᶵᵓ࡟ࡘ࠸࡚ࡣ⩌ㄽⓗ⪃ᐹ࠿ࡽ᫂ࡽ࠿࡟࡞ࡗࡓࠋᡃࠎࡣࠊ࠸ࢁ࠸
ࢁ࡞⭷ཌࡢ Bi ⷧ⭷࡟ᑐࡋ࡚➨୍ཎ⌮ィ⟬ࢆᐇ⾜ࡋࠊࡑࡢ㟁Ꮚ≧ែࠊ≉࡟ Rashba ຠᯝࢆ♧ࡍ⾲㠃≧ែࠊ
㔞Ꮚ஭ᡞ≧ែࠊࣂࣥࢻࢠࣕࢵࣉ࡟ࡘ࠸࡚ᮾ໭኱Ꮫࢢ࣮ࣝࣉ࡟ࡼࡿゅᗘศゎග㟁Ꮚศගࡢᐇ㦂࡜ヲ⣽࡞ẚ
㍑ࢆ⾜࠸ࠊࡑࡢ㟁Ꮚㄽⓗゎ㔘ࢆヨࡳࡓ[ㄽᩥ 2]ࠋ
࣭A ࢧ࢖ࢺ⛛ᗎᆺ㑄⛣㔠ᒓ࣌ࣟࣇࢫ࢝࢖ࢺ㓟໬≀ࡢ㟁Ꮚ≧ែ࡜☢ᛶ
㑄⛣㔠ᒓ㓟໬≀ࡣ㑄⛣㔠ᒓ࢖࢜ࣥࡢ d ㌶㐨ࡢࡶࡘᒁᅾᛶ࡜㐢Ṕᛶࡀ⧊ࡾ࡞ࡍ᪂ወ࡞≀ᛶࢆ࿊ࡍࡿࠋ≉
࡟ࠊ㑄⛣㔠ᒓ࢖࢜ࣥ࿘ࡾࡢᒁᡤᵓ㐀ࡢヲ⣽࡟౫Ꮡࡋ࡚⤖ᬗሙࡸ㓟⣲࢖࢜ࣥࡢ 2p ㌶㐨࡜ࡢΰᡂࡀኚ໬ࡋࠊ
ከࡃࡢࣦ࢓࢚࣮ࣜࢩࣙࣥࢆぢࡏࡿࠋᡃࠎࡣ࣌ࣟࣇࢫ࢝࢖ࢺᵓ㐀࠿ࡽὴ⏕ࡋࡓ A ࢧ࢖ࢺ⛛ᗎᆺᵓ㐀ࢆ᭷ࡍ
ࡿ㑄⛣㔠ᒓ㓟໬≀ AA’3B4O12 ࡟ὀ┠ࡋࠊࡑࡢ㟁Ꮚ≧ែ࡜☢ᛶ࡟㛵ࡋ࡚➨୍ཎ⌮㟁Ꮚ≧ែィ⟬࠿ࡽࡢ◊✲
ࢆ㐍ࡵ࡚࠸ࡿࠋCaCu3Fe4O12 ࡣࡑࡢ୍ࡘ࡛ࠊA’ࢧ࢖ࢺ࡜ B ࢧ࢖ࢺ࡟ Cu ࡜ Fe ࡢ㑄⛣㔠ᒓࡀྵࡲࢀࡿࡓࡵ
⯆࿡࠶ࡿ☢ᛶࡀᮇᚅࡉࢀࡿࠋࡲࡓࠊFe ࡢᙧᘧ౯ᩘࡣ 4 ౯࡛࠶ࡾప ࡛ 3 ౯࡜ 5 ౯࡟㟁Ⲵ୙ᆒ໬ࢆ㉳ࡇࡍ
࡜ᐇ㦂ⓗ࡟⪃࠼ࡽࢀ࡚࠸ࡿࠋ➨୍ཎ⌮ィ⟬ࡼࡾࠊFe-Fe 㛫ࡣᙉ☢ᛶⓗ⤖ྜࠊFe-Cu 㛫ࡣ཯ᙉ☢ᛶⓗ⤖ྜࢆ
୚࠼ࠊ☢Ẽ⛛ᗎࡣࣇ࢙ࣜ☢ᛶ࡛࠶ࡿ⤖ᯝࢆᚓࡓࠋࡲࡓࠊ☢Ẽ෇஧Ⰽᛶࢫ࣌ࢡࢺࣝࡢィ⟬ࡣ᭱㏆ࡢᐇ㦂⤖
ᯝࢆᐃ㔞ⓗ࡟ࡶࡼࡃ෌⌧ࡋࠊFe ࡢ 3d ㌶㐨࡜ࡢᙉ࠸ΰᡂ࠿ࡽ㓟⣲࢖࢜ࣥࡢ 2p ㌶㐨࡟࣮࣍ࣝࡀᏑᅾࡋࠊࢃ
ࡎ࠿࡟ࢫࣆࣥศᴟࢆ㉳ࡇࡋ࡚࠸ࡿࡇ࡜ࢆ᫂ࡽ࠿࡟ࡋࡓࠋ2p ㌶㐨࡟࠾ࡅࡿ࣮࣍ࣝࡢᏑᅾࡣࠊFe ࡢ౯ᩘ≧
― 104 ―
ែࢆ⌮ゎࡍࡿୖ࡛࣮࢟࡜࡞ࡿࡶࡢ࡜⪃࠼࡚࠸ࡿࠋ
࣭ཎᏊࢲ࢖ࢼ࣑ࢵࢡࢫࢆ฼⏝ࡋࡓ࣐ࢸࣜ࢔ࣝࢹࢨ࢖ࣥ
➨୍ཎ⌮㟁Ꮚ≧ែィ⟬ࡣ୺࡟≀㉁ࡢᇶᗏ≧ែ࡟㛵ࡍࡿண ࡟౑ࢃࢀ࡚࠸ࡿࡀࠊᡃࠎࡣ᭦࡟ཎᏊࡢືࡁ
㸦ࢲ࢖ࢼ࣑ࢵࢡࢫ㸧ࢆేࡏࡓ◊✲ࢆ⾜ࡗ࡚࠸ࡿࠋ᭷㝈 ᗘ࡛ࡣᚲࡎཎᏊ㐠ືࡀ㉳ࡁ࡚࠸ࡿࡀࠊࡑࢀࢆ฼
⏝ࡋࠊ㟼Ṇ㓄⨨ࡔࡅ࡛ࡣࡳ࠼࡞࠿ࡗࡓࣂ࢚ࣛࢸ࢕ࡢ࠶ࡿ࣐ࢸࣜ࢔ࣝࢹࢨ࢖ࣥࢆ᥎㐍ࡋ࡚࠸ࡿࠋ௒ᖺᗘࡣࠊ
୺࡟࣍࢘⣲⤖ᬗ࡟࠾ࡅࡿ㉸ఏᑟ᥈⣴࡛኱ࡁ࡞㐍ᒎࡀ࠶ࡗࡓࠋ
࣍࢘⣲⤖ᬗࡣ◳࠸༙ᑟయ࡛ࠊ㧗࠸Tcᮦᩱ࡜ࡋ࡚ᮇᚅࡉࢀ࡚࠸ࡿࠋࡇࢀࡲ࡛ࡑࡢ┦ᅗࡀศ࠿ࡗ࡚࠸࡞࠿
ࡗࡓࡀࠊᩘᖺ๓࡟ⴭ⪅ࡽ࡟ࡼࡾࡣࡌࡵ࡚┦ᅗࡀ⌮ㄽⓗ࡟ண ࡉࢀࡓࠋࡑࢀ࡟ࡼࡿ࡜㧗ᅽࡢᏳᐃ┦ࡣa┦
࡛࠶ࡿࠋࡑࡢࡇ࡜ࡀᐇ㦂࡛ᐇドࡉࢀࡓ[K. Shirai et al., J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 80, 084601 (2011)]ࠋࡲࡓᵓ㐀ࡀಖ
ࡓࢀࡓࡲࡲࠊ⤯⦕య࠿ࡽ㔠ᒓ࡬㌿⛣ࡋࡓࡢ࡛࠶ࡿࡀࠊࡑࡢᶵᵓࢆ᫂ࡽ࠿࡟ࡋࡓࠋ୍᪉ࠊᖖᅽ㉸ఏᑟᐇ⌧
ࡢࡓࡵ࡟ࡣ㧗⃰ᗘࢻ࣮ࣆࣥࢢࡀᮃࡲࢀ࡚࠸ࡿࠋࡇࢀࡣ㛗࠸㛫ࠊᐇ㦂ⓗ࡟ࡣᅔ㞴࡛࠶ࡗࡓࡀࠊࡑࡢᅔ㞴ᛶ
ࡢཎᅉࢆゎ᫂ࡋࠊ࠿ࡘࡑࢀࢆ࡝࠺ゎỴࡍࡿ࠿ࢆᣦࡋ♧ࡋࡓ[ㄽᩥ9]ࠋᖖᅽ࡛ࡣࢻ࣮ࣆࣥࢢࡀᅔ㞴࡛࠶ࡿࡶ
ࡢࡶࠊ࠶ࡿ᮲௳࡛ࡣ㧗ᅽ࡟ࡍࡿ࡜ࢻ࣮ࣆࣥࢢࡀྍ⬟࡜࡞ࡿࡇ࡜ࢆ᫂ࡽ࠿࡟ࡋࡓࠋ
࣭࣐ࣝࢳࣇ࢙ࣟ࢖ࢵࢡ≀㉁ࡢ㟁Ꮚ≧ែ࡜㟁Ẽ☢Ẽຠᯝ
࣐ࣝࢳࣇ࢙ࣟ࢖ࢵࢡ≀㉁࡜ࡣࠊ☢ᛶ࠾ࡼࡧᙉㄏ㟁ᛶࢆྠ᫬࡟♧ࡍ≀㉁ࡢ⥲⛠࡛࠶ࡿࠋ࣓ࣜࣛ࢖ࢺᵓ㐀
(✵㛫⩌ P-421m)ࢆ࡜ࡿࢥࣂࣝࢺ㓟໬≀ Ba2CoGe2O7 ࡣࠊ6.7K ௨ୗࡢ཯ᙉ☢ᛶ┦࡛≉␗࡞㟁Ẽ☢Ẽຠᯝ㸦እ
㒊☢ሙ࡟ࡼࡗ࡚㟁Ẽศᴟࡀㄏ㉳ࡉࢀࡿ⌧㇟㸧ࢆ♧ࡋࠊࡑࡢ㟁Ẽศᴟࡢᚤどⓗ㉳※ࡣࠊࢫࣆࣥ㌶㐨┦஫స
⏝࡟ࡼࡗ࡚ㄏ㉳ࡉࢀࡓ␗᪉ⓗ pd ΰᡂ࡛࠶ࡿࡇ࡜ࡀሗ࿌ࡉࢀ࡚࠸ࡿࠋᡃࠎࡣྠᵝࡢ㟁Ẽ☢Ẽຠᯝࢆ♧ࡍ
≀㉁ࢆ᥈⣴ࡋࠊప ࡛ࣇ࢙ࣜ☢ᛶ࠾ࡼࡧ㟁Ⲵ࣭㌶㐨⛛ᗎࢆ♧ࡍ☢㕲㖔 Fe3O4㸦✵㛫⩌ Cc㸧ࡀྠᵝࡢᛶ㉁
ࢆࡶࡘࡇ࡜ࢆ᫂ࡽ࠿࡟ࡋࡓࠋFe3O4 ࡛ࡣࠊ㟁Ⲵ⛛ᗎࡀ཯㌿ᑐ⛠ᛶࢆ◚ࡾ኱ࡁ࡞ᙉㄏ㟁ᛶࢆㄏ㉳ࡋࠊࡑࡢ
࠺࠼࡛ࠊFe ཎᏊࡢ t2g 㟁Ꮚࡢᩚิࡋࡓ㌶㐨࡜ࢫࣆࣥ࡜ࡢ┦஫స⏝ࡀᑠࡉ࡞㟁Ẽ☢Ẽຠᯝࢆ⏕ࡌࡿࡇ࡜ࢆ
᫂ࡽ࠿࡟ࡋࡓ[ㄽᩥ 5]ࠋ
― 105 ―
ࢯࣇࢺࢼࣀ࣐ࢸࣜ࢔ࣝ◊✲ศ㔝
ᩍᤵ
෸ᩍᤵ
ຓᩍ
኱Ꮫ㝔Ꮫ⏕
㠀ᖖ໅◊✲ဨ
஦ົ⿵బဨ
ᢏ⾡⿵బဨ
Ᏻ⸽ ⰾ㞝
ᐙ ⿱㝯
㎞ᕝ ㄔࠊ஧㇂ ┿ྖ
㯤 ᘓ᫂ࠊ᳜⏣ ᑗྖࠊᑠᓥ ᙬࠊ㝕ෆ 㟷ⴌࠊ⏣୰ ୍ᡂ
㐲⸨ ඞ (ᖹᡂ 23 ᖺ 4 ᭶ 1 ᪥㹼ᖹᡂ 23 ᖺ 10 ᭶ 30 ᪥)
ᒣᓮ ៞Ꮚࠊᱵ⏣ ⌔Ἃୡ
∾㔝 ୔ኵ
a) ᴫせ
᭷ᶵ≀㉁ࡢᶵ⬟ࢆศᏊࡢ࡛ࣞ࣋ࣝゎ᫂ࡋไᚚࡍࡿࡇ࡜ࢆᇶ┙࡜ࡋ࡚ࠊඃࢀࡓ㟁Ꮚ࣭ගᶵ⬟ࢆ᭷ࡍࡿ᭷ᶵ
ศᏊࡢ㛤Ⓨ࡜ᵓ㐀≀ᛶ┦㛵ࠊ
࠾ࡼࡧࠊ
ᶵ⬟ホ౯࡜᭷ᶵ࢚ࣞࢡࢺࣟࢽࢡࢫᛂ⏝ࡢ୍㈏ࡋࡓ◊✲ࢆ⾜ࡗ࡚࠸ࡿࠋ
᭷ᶵ࢚ࣞࢡࢺࣟࢽࢡࢫ࡟㐺ࡋࡓ᭷ᶵᶵ⬟ศᏊࡢ㛤Ⓨࠊ࠾ࡼࡧࠊศᏊࢫࢣ࣮࢚ࣝࣞࢡࢺࣟࢽࢡࢫࢆᚿྥࡋࡓ
ࢼࣀࢫࢣ࣮ࣝȧඹᙺศᏊᮦᩱࡢศᏊタィ࡜≀㉁ྜᡂࠊࡑࢀࡽࡢ≀ᛶ᭷ᶵ໬Ꮫ࡜ᶵ⬟᭷ᶵ໬Ꮫࡢ◊✲ࢆ୰ᚰ
࡟ࠊ1) ȧ㟁Ꮚඹᙺ⣔ࡢ໬Ꮫಟ㣭࡟ࡼࡿ㧗࠸㟁Ꮚ⛣ືᗘࢆ♧ࡍ᭷ᶵ༙ᑟయᮦᩱࡢ㛤Ⓨ 2) ศᏊ࢚ࣞࢡࢺࣟࢽ
ࢡࢫ⣲Ꮚ࡟㐺ࡋࡓࢼࣀࢫࢣ࣮ࣝศᏊᮦᩱࡢ㛤Ⓨࢆ┠ⓗ࡜ࡋ࡚ࠊᶵ⬟໬ศᏊ࣡࢖ࣖ࠾ࡼࡧ㔠ᒓ㟁ᴟ᥋ྜࣘࢽ
ࢵࢺࡢ㛤Ⓨ࡜ホ౯ࢆ㐍ࡵ࡚࠸ࡿࠋ
b) ᡂᯝ
࣭᭷ᶵ࢚ࣞࢡࢺࣟࢽࢡࢫᮦᩱࡢ㛤Ⓨ
᭷ᶵ࢚ࣞࢡࢺࣟࢽࢡࢫᮦᩱ࡜ࡋ࡚ࠊn ᆺࡢ᭷ᶵࢺࣛࣥࢪࢫࢱᮦᩱࡢ㛤Ⓨࢆ⾜ࡗࡓࠋȧ㟁Ꮚඹᙺ⣔࡟㟁Ꮚ
ồᘬᛶᇶࢆᑟධࡍࡿࡇ࡜࡛ n ᆺ≉ᛶࡀⓎ⌧ࡍࡿ஦ࡀ▱ࡽࢀ࡚࠸ࡿࠋᙜ◊✲ᐊ࡛ࡣࠊᙉ࠸㟁Ꮚồᘬᛶࡢຠᯝ
࡜࢜ࣜࢦ࣐࣮࡟࠾ࡅࡿඹᙺᖹ㠃ᛶಖᣢࡢほⅬ࠿ࡽࠊ
࢝ࣝ࣎ࢽࣝᇶ࡛ᯫᶫࡋࡓࣅࢳ࢔ࢰ࣮ࣝࢆ㛤Ⓨࡋ࡚࠸ࡿࠋ
≀ᛶホ౯࠿ࡽᮇᚅ࡝࠾ࡾࡢ㧗࠸㟁Ẽ㝜ᛶຠᯝ࡜ඹᙺ㙐ࡢ㧗࠸ᖹ㠃ᛶ࡟ຍ࠼ࠊ㟁Ꮚ㍺㏦࡟㐺ࡋࡓᅛయ≧ែ࡛
ࡢศᏊ㛫┦஫స⏝ࡢᏑᅾࡀ᫂ࡽ࠿࡜࡞ࡗࡓࠋࡇࢀࡽࡢ▱ぢ࠿ࡽࠊ࢝ࣝ࣎ࢽࣝ໬ࢩࢡࣟ࣌ࣥࢸࣥࢆ⦰⎔ࡉࡏ
ࡓࢳ࢜ࣇ࢙ࣥ࡟⁐ゎᗘ௜୚ࡢࡓࡵࡢ࢔ࣝ࢟ࣝᇶ㸦C6H13 ᇶࠊ࠶ࡿ࠸ࡣࠊC12H25 ᇶ㸧ࢆᑟධࡋࡓ᪂つ࡞㟁Ꮚཷ
ᐜᛶᮎ➃ࣘࢽࢵࢺࡢタィࢆ⾜࠸ࠊ࢝ࣝ࣎ࢽࣝᯫᶫࣅࢳ࢔ࢰ࣮ࣝ࡜⤌ࡳྜࢃࡏࡓ㟁ᏊཷᐜᛶSඹᙺ໬ྜ≀ 1a
1b1c ࢆྜᡂࡋ
ࡓ[ཎⴭㄽᩥ
O
O
O
1](ᅗ 1)ࠋࡇࡢ໬
F
F
N
N
F
F
S
S
ྜ≀ࡣࢧ࢖ࢡࣜ
S
S
S
S
ࢵࢡ࣎ࣝࢱ࣓ࣥ
O
O
C
H
H
C
ࢺ࣮ࣜ㸦CV㸧 12 25
25 12
1a
ᐃ࡟࠾࠸࡚ࠊప
O
࠸ LUMO ࢆ♧
၀ࡍࡿ㑏ඖἼࢆ
N
N
O
O
S
S
♧ࡋࡓࠋ⁐ᾮሬ
S
S
F
F
ᕸ࡟ࡼࡾస〇ࡋ
F
F
R
R
ࡓⷧ⭷ࢆάᛶᒙ
O
O
1b
R
=
C
H
6
13
࡜ࡍࡿ FET ⣲
1c
R = C12H25
Ꮚࡣࠊᮇᚅ㏻ࡾ
ᅗ 1 ࢝ࣝ࣎ࢽࣝᯫᶫࣅࢳ࢔ࢰ࣮ࣝࢆ୰ᚰࣘࢽࢵࢺ࡜ࡍࡿඹᙺ࢜ࣜࢦ࣐࣮
ࡢ㧗࠸㟁Ꮚ⛣ື
ᗘ࡜኱Ẽୗ࡛ࡢ㥑ືᏳᐃᛶࢆ♧ࡋࡓࠋ
ࡲࡓࠊ᭷ᶵⷧ⭷ᆺኴ㝧㟁ụ࡟࠾ࡅࡿ n ᆺ༙ᑟయᮦᩱ࡜ࡋ࡚ࡢᛂ⏝ࢆ┠ⓗ࡜ࡋ࡚ࠊ᪂つࣇ࣮ࣛࣞࣥㄏᑟయ
― 106 ―
ࡢ㛤Ⓨࢆ⾜ࡗࡓࠋ࢚ࢿࣝࢠ࣮ኚ᥮ຠ⋡ࡢ㧗࠸᭷ᶵⷧ⭷ኴ㝧㟁ụ
ࡢᐇ⌧࡟ྥࡅ࡚ࠊ࢚ࢿࣝࢠ࣮‽఩࡜ྍどග྾཰㡿ᇦࡢㄪᩚࢆ┠
ⓗ࡜ࡋࡓ⦓ᐦ࡞ศᏊタィࡀ⾜ࢃࢀࠊn ᆺ༙ᑟయ࡜ࡢ㐺ษ࡞࢚ࢿ
N
ࣝࢠ࣮ࢠࣕࢵࣉ࡜ᗈ࠸྾཰㡿ᇦࢆేࡏᣢࡗࡓ p ᆺ༙ᑟయᮦᩱࡀ
㛤Ⓨࡉࢀ࡚ࡁࡓࠋ୍᪉࡛ࠊn ᆺ༙ᑟయᮦᩱࡣ౫↛࡜ࡋ࡚ PCBM
࡟౫Ꮡࡋ࡚࠾ࡾࠊ᭷ᶵⷧ⭷ኴ㝧㟁ụ࡟㐺ࡋࡓ᪂つ n ᆺᮦᩱ㛤Ⓨ
ࡣᵓ㐀ᶵ⬟┦㛵ࡸࢹࣂ࢖ࢫ≉ᛶࡢ⌮ゎ࡟୙ྍḞ࡞ㄢ㢟࡛࠶ࡿࠋ
ᡃࠎࡣ௨๓ࡼࡾ⨨᥮ᇶ࡜≀ᛶ┦㛵ࡢぢᆅ࠿ࡽ᳨ウࢆ㔜ࡡ࡚ࡁ࡚
࠾ࡾࠊᮏ◊✲࡛ࡣࠊPCBM 㢮ఝయ࠾ࡼࡧࡑࢀࢆᇶᮏ࡜ࡍࡿ᪂つ
ࣇ࣮ࣛࣞࣥㄏᑟయࢆྜᡂࡋࠊP3HT ࢆࢻࢼ࣮࡜ࡋ࡚᭷ᶵⷧ⭷ኴ
㝧㟁ụ⣲Ꮚࢆసᡂ࣭ホ౯ࢆ⾜ࡗࡓࠋ
ᅗ㸰 ᪂つࣇ࣮ࣛࣞࣥㄏᑟయ
୍㐃ࡢ᭷ᶵⷧ⭷ኴ㝧㟁ụ⣲Ꮚ࡟࠾࠸࡚ࠊ࢚ࢿࣝࢠ࣮ኚ᥮ຠ⋡
㸦Ș㸧࡟ᙳ㡪ࡍࡿ㢧ⴭ࡞ᩘ್ࡢኚ໬ࡀ☜ㄆࡉࢀࡓࠋࣆࣟࣜࢪࣥࡢ❅⣲ୖࡢ⨨᥮ᇶࡀࣇ࢙ࢽࣝᇶࠊ2 ఩࡟ࣈࢳ
࣓ࣝࢳ࢚ࣝࢫࢸࣝᇶࢆ᭷ࡍࡿ PCBM 㢮ఝయ࡛ࡣࠊⰋዲ࡞᭤⥺ᅉᏊ㸦FF㸧࡜▷⤡㟁ὶᐦᗘ㸦Jsc㸧ࢆ♧ࡋࠊ
ࡑࡢຠ⋡ࡣ⣙ 2 %࡛࠶ࡗࡓࠋ❅⣲ୖࡢ⨨᥮ᇶࡀ࢔ࣝ࢟ࣝᇶࡢሙྜ࡛ࡣࠊᴟ➃࡞ FF ࡢపୗ࡜ Jsc ࡢపୗ࡟ࡼ
ࡾ 1%࡟‶ࡓ࡞࠸ຠ⋡࡜࡞ࡗࡓࠋ❅⣲ୖࡢ⨨᥮ᇶࡀ㔜せ࡞せ⣲࡛࠶ࡿࡇ࡜ࢆ♧ࡋ࡚࠸ࡓࠋࡑࢀࡽࢆᇶ࡟ 2
఩ࡢ⨨᥮ᇶ࡟ࡘ࠸᳨࡚ウࡋࡓ⤖ᯝࠊ❅⣲ୖࡢ⨨᥮ᇶࢆࣇ࢙ࢽࣝᇶࠊࣆࣟࣜࢪࣥࡢ 2 ఩ࡢ⨨᥮ᇶࡶࣇ࢙ࢽࣝ
ᇶ࡟ࡋࡓ໬ྜ≀㸦ᅗ 2㸧ࢆ౑ࡗࡓࢹࣂ࢖ࢫ࡛ࡣ Ș ࡀ 2.41%࡟㐩ࡋࠊ❅⣲ୖࡢ⨨᥮ᇶࡀ࢔ࣝ࢟ࣝᇶ࡟࡞ࡗࡓ
ࡶࡢࡼࡾࡶ 10 ಸ௨ୖⰋ࠸ᛶ⬟ࢆ♧ࡋࡓࠋࡲࡓࠊPCBM ࢆ⏝࠸࡚ྠ୍᮲௳ୗ࡛స〇ࡋࡓ⣲Ꮚ࡜ྠ➼௨ୖࡢ
ᛶ⬟࡛ࡶ࠶ࡗࡓࠋࡇࢀࡽࡢ⤖ᯝࡣࠊࣇ࣮ࣛࣞࣥࢆྍ⁐໬ࡉࡏࡿ⨨᥮ᇶࡢᵓ㐀࡜ࢹࣂ࢖ࢫᛶ⬟࡜ࡢ㛵㐃ᛶࢆ
♧ࡋ࡚࠸ࡿࠋ
࣭ศᏊ࢚ࣞࢡࢺࣟࢽࢡࢫᮦᩱࡢ㛤Ⓨ
ศᏊ࢚ࣞࢡࢺࣟࢽࢡࢫ࡟ྥࡅࡓศᏊ࣡࢖ࣖࡢ㛤Ⓨࢆ⾜ࡗࡓࠋ࢜ࣜࢦࢳ࢜ࣇ࢙ࣥࡣ༢ศᏊ࢚ࣞࢡࢺࣟࢽࢡ
ࢫ࡟࠾ࡅࡿศᏊ࣡࢖ࣖ࡜ࡋ࡚ࡢ฼⏝ࡀᮇᚅࡉࢀ࡚࠸ࡿ໬ྜ≀࡛࠶ࡿࠋࡋ࠿ࡋ࡞ࡀࡽࠊ㛗㙐࢜ࣜࢦࢳ࢜ࣇ࢙
ࣥ࡟ࡣᣑᙇࡋࡓȧ㟁Ꮚ࡟⏤᮶ࡍࡿᙉ࠸ศᏊ㛫ȧ-ȧ┦஫స⏝ࡀ⏕ࡌࡿࡇ࡜࠿ࡽࠊ༢୍ศᏊࡢศᏊ࣡࢖ࣖ≉ᛶ
ࢆᐇ⌧ࡍࡿࡓࡵ࡟ࡣࠊࡇࡢ┦஫స⏝ࡢᙳ㡪ࡀ࡞࠸ศᏊࡢ㛤Ⓨࡀᚲせ࡛࠶ࡿࠋࡇࡢ┠ⓗࡢࡓࡵࠊᔞ㧗࠸⨨᥮
ᇶࢆࡍ࡭࡚ࡢࢳ࢜ࣇ࢙ࣥ⎔࡟ᑟධࡍࡿࡇ࡜࡟ࡼࡾศᏊ㛫ȧ-ȧ┦஫స⏝ࡢ㜼ᐖࢆ┠ᣦࡋࡓ࢜ࣜࢦࢳ࢜ࣇ࢙
ࣥ㸦nT㸧ࡢ㛤Ⓨࢆ⾜࠸ࠊࡑࡢ⿕そຠᯝࢆ໬Ꮫⓗ࡟᳨ドࡋࡓࠋࡉࡽ࡟୧ᮎ➃࡟࢔࣮ࣥ࢝㒊఩ࢆᑟධࡋࡓ⿕そ
ᆺ࢜ࣜࢦ࣐࣮㸦HS-nT-SH㸧ࡢ㛤Ⓨࢆ⾜࠸ࠊ
ࡑࡢ༢ศᏊ㟁Ẽఏᑟ≉ᛶࢆホ౯ࡋࡓ[ཎⴭ
ㄽᩥ 5] (ᅗ 3)ࠋ㟁Ꮚ྾཰ࢫ࣌ࢡࢺࣝ࡟࠾࠸
࡚ࠊ㙐㛗ఙ㛗࡟క࠸྾཰ᴟ኱ࡢ㛗Ἴ㛗ࢩࣇ
ࢺࡀほ ࡉࢀࡓࡇ࡜࠿ࡽࠊ㛤Ⓨࡋࡓ࢜ࣜࢦ
࣐࣮ࡣᮇᚅ㏻ࡾࡢ᭷ຠඹᙺ㛗ࢆ᭷ࡋ࡚࠸ࡿ
ࡇ࡜ࡀ♧၀ࡉࢀࡓࠋࡲࡓࠊX ⥺⤖ᬗᵓ㐀ゎ
࠿ࡘࠊ
ᯒࡢ⤖ᯝࠊ
Ⰻዲ࡞ඹᙺᖹ㠃ᛶࢆ᭷ࡋࠊ
ᔞ㧗࠸ࣇࣝ࢜ࣞࣥ⨨᥮ᇶ࡟ࡼࡾඹᙺ㦵᱁ࡀ
ຠᯝⓗ࡟⿕そࡉࢀ࡚࠸ࡿࡇ࡜ࡶ᫂ࡽ࠿࡜࡞
ࡗࡓࠋప ࡛ࡢࢧ࢖ࢡࣜࢵࢡ࣎ࣝࢱ࣓ࣥࢺ
࣮ࣜ ᐃ࡟࠾࠸࡚ࠊȧࢲ࢖࣐࣮࡟┦ᙜࡍࡿ
ࣆ࣮ࢡࡀほ ࡉࢀ࡞࠿ࡗࡓࠋ
ࡇࡢ⤖ᯝࡼࡾࠊ
ᔞ㧗࠸⨨᥮ᇶ࡛ຠᯝⓗ࡟ඹᙺ㙐ࡀ⿕そࡉࢀ
ࡿࡇ࡜࡛ȧࢲ࢖࣐࣮ࡢᙧᡂࡀ㜼ᐖࡉࢀࡿࡇ
࡜ࡀ᫂ࡽ࠿࡟࡞ࡗࡓࠋHS-nT-SH ࡢᕼⷧ⁐
ᅗ 3 㛤ⓎࡋࡓศᏊ࢜ࣜࢦࢳ࢜ࣇ࢙ࣥศᏊ࣡࢖ࣖ
ᾮࢆ⏝࠸࡚ STM-BJ ἲ࡟ࡼࡿ༢ศᏊᑟ㟁ᣲ
ືࢆホ౯ࡋࡓࠋ㟁ᴟ/ศᏊ/㟁ᴟ᥋ྜࡢࢥࣥࢲࢡࢱࣥࢫࡢศᏊ㛗࡟ᑐࡍࡿࢭ࣑ࣟࢢࣉࣟࢵࢺ࠿ࡽࠊࢥࣥࢲࢡ
ࢱࣥࢫࡢῶ⾶ಀᩘࡣ 1.9 nm̽1 ࡜ぢ✚ࡶࡽࢀࡓࠋ
― 107 ―
ࣂ࢖࢜ࢼࣀࢸࢡࣀࣟࢪ࣮◊✲ศ㔝
ᩍᤵ
ຓᩍ
஦ົ⿵బဨ
㇂ཱྀ ṇ㍤
⏣୰ ⿱⾜ࠊ⟄஭ ┿ᴋ
⸨ᯘ ஀⌮Ꮚ
a) ᴫせ
⚾㐩ࡢࢢ࣮ࣝࣉ࡛ࡣࠊ་⒪デ᩿ᢏ⾡ࡢ㧗ᗘ໬࣭㧗ᛶ⬟໬࡟ྥࡅ࡚ࠊ⏕యෆࡢᵓ㐀ࡸᶵ⬟ࢆᶍೌࡋࡓ༙
ᑟయࢼࣀࢹࣂ࢖ࢫࡸ 1 ศᏊ᳨ฟཎ⌮ࡢ◊✲ࢆ⾜ࡗ࡚࠸ࡿࠋ㟁Ꮚ⥺ᥥ⏬ἲ࡞࡝ࡢඛ➃ࣞ࣋ࣝࡢࢼࣀຍᕤᢏ
⾡ࢆ㥑౑ࡋࡓࠊᩘࢼࣀ࣓࣮ࢺࣝࢧ࢖ࢬࡢ㟁ᴟࢠࣕࢵࣉࢆసࡿࡓࡵࡢ᪂ࡓ࡞ᢏ⾡ࢆ๰〇ࡋࠊࡇࢀࢆᛂ⏝ࡋ
࡚ࠊ㟁ᴟ㛫࡟㓄⥺ࡉࢀ࡚࠸ࡿศᏊࡢᩘࡸ✀㢮ࠊ1 ศᏊࡀ㟁ᴟ࡟ࡘ࡞ࡀࡗ࡚࠸ࡿᙉᗘࡸ᫬㛫ࠊ㟁ᴟ࡟᥋⥆
ࡉࢀ࡚࠸ࡿ 1 ศᏊࡢ㏻㟁᫬࡟࠾ࡅࡿᒁᡤ ᗘࠊ1 ศᏊࡢࢲ࢖ࢼ࣑ࢡࢫࡸ໬Ꮫ཯ᛂࢆ㟁Ẽⓗ࡟ㄪ࡭ࡿ᪉ἲ
ࢆᵓ⠏ࡋ࡚࠸ࡿࠋࡲࡓࠊ㉮ᰝࣉ࣮ࣟࣈ㢧ᚤ㙾࡟ࡼࡾࠊ⾲㠃ୖ࡟࠶ࡿ DNA ࡞࡝ࡢ 1 ศᏊほᐹ࠾ࡼࡧศග
࡜ศᏊ࣐ࢽࣆ࣮ࣗࣞࢩࣙࣥࢆ⾜ࡗ࡚࠸ࡿࠋࡑࡋ࡚ࠊࡇࢀࡽࡢᇶ♏◊✲ࢆ㏻ࡌ࡚ࠊ1 ศᏊࡢᛶ㉁ࢆㄪ࡭ࡿ
1 ศᏊ⛉Ꮫࢆ㛤ᣅࡋࠊྠ᫬࡟ࡇࡢ 1 ศᏊ⛉Ꮫࢆᇶᮏཎ⌮࡜ࡍࡿ᪂ࡋ࠸ࣂ࢖࢜ศᏊࢹࣂ࢖ࢫࡸࣂ࢖࢜ࢭࣥ
ࢧ࣮ࢆ㛤Ⓨࡍࡿ࡜ඹ࡟ࠊSM-TAS(Single-Molecule Total Analysis System)ࡢᐇ⌧࡟㈨ࡍࡿ㸯ศᏊᢏ⾡ࡢ๰ฟ
࡟ྲྀࡾ⤌ࢇ࡛࠸ࡿࠋ
୺࡞◊✲ㄢ㢟࡜ࡋ࡚ࡣࠊSPM ࡟ࡼࡿ DNA ➼ࡢࣂ࢖࢜ศᏊࡢࢼࣀࢧ࢖࢚ࣥࢫ࣭ࢼࣀࢸࢡࣀࣟࢪ࣮ࠊࢼ
ࣀ㟁ᴟ࡜ࢼࣀὶ㊰ࢆ⼥ྜࡉࡏࡓ㸯ศᏊࣂ࢖࢜ࢭࣥࢧ࣮ࡢ㛤Ⓨࠊᅛయࢼࣀ࣏࢔ࢹࣂ࢖ࢫࢆ⏝࠸ࡓࢼࣀ࣏࢔
ࢩ࣮ࢡ࢚ࣥࢩࣥࢢἲࡢ㛤Ⓨࠊ┬㈨※࣭┬࢚ࢿࣝࢠ࣮࡟㈨ࡍࡿ༢୍ศᏊࢹࣂ࢖ࢫࡢ㛤Ⓨࠊࡀᣲࡆࡽࢀࡿࠋ
b) ᡂᯝ
࣭ ༢୍ศᏊ DNA ࡢὋືࢲ࢖ࢼ࣑ࢡࢫไᚚ
⌧ᅾࠊୡ⏺୰࡛㛤Ⓨࡀ㐍ࡵࡽࢀ࡚࠸ࡿࢼࣀ࣏࢔ࢩ࣮ࢡ࢚
ࣥࢧ࣮ࡢᛂ⏝໬࣭ᐇ⏝໬࡛せồࡉࢀࡿ㧗㏿໬࣭ࣁ࢖ࢫ࣮ࣝ
ࣉࢵࢺ໬࣭㧗࠸ゎㄞ⢭ᗘࢆᐇ⌧ࡍࡿࢥ࢔ᢏ⾡ࡣࠊ㸯ศᏊࡢ
ࢲ࢖ࢼ࣑ࢡࢫไᚚ࡛࠶ࡿ࡜⪃࠼ࡽࢀ࡚࠸ࡿࠋࡑࡇ࡛ࠊࢼࣀ
࣓࣮ࢺࣝࢫࢣ࣮ࣝࡢᖜ࡜㧗ࡉࢆᣢࡘὶ㊰㸦ࢼࣀὶ㊰㸧ࢆὶ
ࢀࡿ DNA㸯ศᏊࡢ㏿ᗘࢆࢤ࣮ࢺ㟁ᅽ࡛ไᚚࡍࡿ᪉ἲࢆ㛤
Ⓨࡋࡓ㸦ᅗ 1㸧ࠋ࣐࢖ࢼࢫ࡟ᖏ㟁ࡋࡓ DNA ࡣࠊࢼࣀὶ㊰ࡢ
୰ࢆ㟁ẼὋື࡟ࡼࡾὶࢀࡿࠋࡋ࠿ࡋࠊ㟁ẼὋືࡢࡳ࡛ DNA
㸯ศᏊࡢὶࢀࡿ㏿ᗘࢆไᚚࡍࡿࡢࡣ㠀ᖖ࡟ᅔ㞴࡛࠶ࡿࠋࡑ
ࡇ࡛ࠊࢼࣀὶ㊰ࡢ୰࡟ࢤ࣮ࢺ㟁ᴟࢆഛ࠼ࡓࢼࣀࢹࣂ࢖ࢫࢆ
㛤Ⓨࡋࠊࢤ࣮ࢺ㟁ᅽ࡟ࡼࡿ DNA㸯ศᏊࡢ㏿ᗘኚ໬ࢆㄪ࡭ࡓࠋ
ࡑࡢ⤖ᯝࠊࢤ࣮ࢺ㟁ᅽ࡟ࡼࡾࠊDNA㸯ศᏊࡢ㏿ᗘࢆ⣙㸱᱆
ࡢ࣮࢜ࢲ࣮࡛ไᚚ࡛ࡁࡿࡇ࡜ࢆ᫂ࡽ࠿࡟ࡋࡓࠋ㛤Ⓨࡋࡓࢲ
࢖ࢼ࣑ࢡࢫไᚚࢼࣀࢹࣂ࢖ࢫࡣࠊ㟁Ẽⓗ࡟ DNA㸯ศᏊࡢሷ
ᇶ㓄ิࢆỴᐃࡍࡿࢼࣀࢹࣂ࢖ࢫ࡜ࢩ࣮࣒ࣞࢫ࡟㸯ࡘࡢࢹࣂ
࢖ࢫୖ࡟㞟✚ࡉࢀࡿࡓࡵࠊ᪂ࡋ࠸ DNA ࢩ࣮ࢡ࢚ࣥࢧ࣮ࡢᛂ
⏝໬࣭ᐇ⏝໬ࢆ㣕㌍ⓗ࡟᥎ࡋ㐍ࡵࡿࡶࡢ࡜ᮇᚅࡉࢀࡿࠋ
ᅗ1
DNA Ὃືไᚚࢹࣂ࢖ࢫࡢືసཎ⌮
࣭༢୍ཎᏊ᥋ྜࡢ㠀ᑐ⛠࡞࣍ࢵ࡜࢚ࣞࢡࢺࣟࣥⓎ⇕
㟁ᴟ࡟᥋⥆ࡉࢀࡓ㸯ཎᏊ㸦㸯ཎᏊ᥋ྜ㸧ࡸ㸯ศᏊ㸦㸯ศᏊ᥋ྜ㸧ࡣࠊඛ㐍ࣂ࢖࢜ࢼࣀࢹࣂ࢖ࢫࡸ㉸㞟
✚ࢹࣂ࢖ࢫ࡬ࡢᛂ⏝ࡀᮇᚅࡉࢀ࡚࠸ࡿࠋࡇࢀࡽࡢࢼࣀࢹࣂ࢖ࢫࢆὶࢀࡿ㟁ὶᐦᗘࡣ㠀ᖖ࡟኱ࡁࡃ࡞ࡿࡓ
― 108 ―
ࡵࠊࢹࣂ࢖ࢫືస᫬࡟࠾࠸࡚㢧ⴭ࡞ࢪ࣮ࣗࣝⓎ⇕ࡀ⏕ࡌࡿ
࡜ண ࡉࢀ࡚࠸ࡿࠋࡇࡢࡼ࠺࡞ᒁᡤຍ⇕ࡣࢹࣂ࢖ࢫࡢ◚ᦆ
ࡸㄗసືࡢཎᅉ࡜࡞ࡿࡓࡵࠊࢼࣀࢹࣂ࢖ࢫ࡟࠾ࡅࡿ⇕ࡢὶ
ࢀࡢゎ᫂ࡣࠊࢼࣀࢹࣂ࢖ࢫࢆᛂ⏝ࡍࡿୖ࡛ࡢ㔜せ࡞㘽࡜࡞
ࡿࠋ࡜ࡇࢁࡀࠊࡇࢀࡲ࡛㸯ཎᏊ᥋ྜ࡟࠾ࡅࡿ㟁⇕Ⓨ⏕ᶵᵓ
ࡣᐇ㦂ⓗ࡟ᮍ▱ࡢࡲࡲ࡛࠶ࡗࡓࠋࡑࡇ࡛௒ᅇࠊᡃࠎࡣࠊࢼ
ࣀࣄ࣮ࢱ࣮ࠊࢼࣀ ᗘィࠊ࠾ࡼࡧ㔠ࡢ༢୍ཎᏊ᥋ྜࡀ㞟✚
ࡋࡓࢼࣀᵓ㐀ࢆࠊࢼࣀࢸࢡࣀࣟࢪ࣮ࢆ㥑౑ࡋ࡚స〇ࡋࡓ㸦ᅗ
2㸧ࠋࡇࡢ㞟✚ࢼࣀᵓ㐀ࡣࠊእ㒊ࡢ⇕࡜㐽᩿ࡉࢀࡓ≉Ṧ࡞ࢼ
ࣀᵓ㐀ࢆᣢࡗ࡚࠸ࡿࠋࡇࡢ༢୍ཎᏊ᥋ྜ࡟୍ᐃ᪉ྥࡢ㟁ᅽ
ࢆຍ࠼࡚ࢼࣀ ᗘィ࡛᥋ྜ௜㏆ࡢ ᗘୖ᪼ࢆィ ࡍࡿ࡜ࠊ
ṇࡢ㟁ᅽࢆຍ࠼ࡓ࡜ࡁࡢ ᗘୖ᪼࡜ࠊ㈇ࡢ㟁ᅽࢆຍ࠼ࡓ࡜
ࡁࡢ ᗘୖ᪼ࡀ␗࡞ࡿ㠀ᑐ⛠࡞Ⓨ⇕⌧㇟ࡀほᐹࡉࢀࡓࠋࡇ
ࡢ㠀ᑐ⛠ࡣࠊ1 ཎᏊ᥋ྜࢆ‽ᙎᑟⓗ࡟ఏᑟࡍࡿ࣍ࢵࢺ࢚ࣞࢡ
ࢺࣟࣥࡀཎᅉ࡛࠶ࡿࡇ࡜ࢆ♧၀ࡋ࡚࠸ࡿࠋ
ᅗ 2 ࢼࣀࣄ࣮ࢱ࣮ࠊࢼࣀ ᗘィࠊ࠾ࡼࡧ㔠༢୍
ཎᏊ᥋Ⅼࢆ㞟✚ࡋࡓࢼࣀᵓ㐀ࡢ㉮ᰝ㟁Ꮚ㢧ᚤ㙾.
࣭ࠕⓒ⪺ࡣ୍ぢ࡟ࡋ࠿ࡎࠖ༢୍ศᏊࡢᅇ㌿᣺ືࢆࡃࡗࡁࡾྍど໬
㍈ཷࡅࡢᶵᲔᶵᵓࡣ᪥ᖖ⏕ά࡟࠿࠿ࡏࡲࡏࢇࠋศᏊ࣐ࢩࣥࡢ㛤Ⓨࢆ㐍ࡵࡿ࡟ࡣࠊᅇ㌿ࡸ᣺ືࡢᶵ⬟ࢆ
᭷ࡍࡿศᏊࡢタィ࣭ྜᡂࠊࡉࡽ࡟ࡑࡢືస☜ㄆࡀᚲ㡲࡛ࡍࠋගྜᡂ࡛᭷ྡ࡞ࢡࣟࣟࣇ࢕ࣝࡢẕయᵓ㐀࡛
࠶ࡿ࣏ࣝࣇ࢕ࣜࣥศᏊ㸦ᅄࡘⴥࡢࢡ࣮ࣟࣂ࣮≧ࡢᖹ㠃ᆺศᏊ㸧ࡀ㔠ᒓ࢖࢜ࣥࢆᣳࢇ࡛࡛ࡁࡓࣁࣥࣂ࣮࢞
࣮≧ࡢࢲࣈࣝࢹࢵ࣮࢝ᆺ㘒యࡣࠊ㔠ᒓ࢖࢜ࣥࡀ࣮࣎ࣝ࣋࢔ࣜࣥࢢࡢᙺ┠ࢆᯝࡓࡍ㍈ཷࡅࡢࡼ࠺࡟ᶵ⬟ࡍ
ࡿࡇ࡜ࡀࠊ┦⏣㸦ᮾி኱Ꮫ㸧ࡸ᪂ᾏ㸦஑ᕞ኱Ꮫ㸧ࡽࡢࢢ࣮ࣝࣉࡢ◊✲࡛᫂ࡽ࠿࡟࡞ࡗ࡚࠸࡚ࠊࡑࡢⓎᒎ
ࡀᮇᚅࡉࢀ࡚࠸ࡲࡋࡓࠋࡋ࠿ࡋࠊࢹࣂ࢖ࢫࡢࡼ࠺࡟ࠊᇶᯈୖ࡟㞟✚ࡋ㓄ิࡉࡏ࡚౑࠾࠺࡜ࡋࡓሙྜ࡟ࡶࠊ
ᮏᙜ࡟ᅇ㌿ࡸ᣺ື࡜࠸ࡗࡓ㍈ཷࡅࡢᶵ⬟ࢆⓎ᥹࡛ࡁࡿ࠿࡝࠺࠿ࢆ᫂░࡟ᐇドࡋࡓ◊✲ሗ࿌౛ࡣ࠶ࡾࡲ
ࡏࢇ࡛ࡋࡓࡀࠊᡃࠎࡣࠊ࣏ࣝࣇ࢕ࣜࣥㄏᑟ
య࠿ࡽ࡛ࡁࡓࢲࣈࣝࢹࢵ࣮࢝ᆺ㘒య࠾ࡼ
ࡧࢺࣜࣉࣝࢹࢵ࣮࢝ᆺ㘒యࢆ⾲㠃࡟⮬ᕫ
⤌⧊໬㓄ิࡉࡏࠊᅇ㌿Ꮚ࡟┦ᙜࡍࡿ࣏ࣝࣇ
࢕ࣜࣥ㓄఩Ꮚࡀᅇ㌿᣺ືࡍࡿᵝᏊࢆ᫂░
࡟ྍど໬ࡍࡿࡇ࡜࡟ᡂຌࡋࡲࡋࡓࠋࡇࡢᡂ
ᯝࡣࠊศᏊ࣐ࢩࣥࡢࡳ࡞ࡽࡎࠊᅇ㌿Ꮚࡢゅ
ᗘࢆ᝟ሗ࡜ࡍࡿศᏊ࣓ࣔࣜࡸ๰Ⓨⓗ࢔ࣟ
ࢫࢸࣜࢵࢡ≉ᛶࢆ᭷ࡍࡿ㧗ឤᗘࢭࣥࢧ࣮
ࡢ㛤Ⓨࢆ᥎ࡋ㐍ࡵࡿࡶࡢ࡜ᮇᚅࡉࢀࡲࡍࠋ
ᅗ ศᏊᵓ㐀ࣔࢹࣝ࡜㢧ᚤ㙾ീ
― 109 ―
⎔ቃ࣭࢚ࢿࣝࢠ࣮ࢼࣀ◊✲ศ㔝
ᩍᤵ㸦ව௵㸧
Ᏻ⸨ 㝧୍
a) ᴫせ
ᮏ◊✲ศ㔝࡛ࡣࠊ⏘ᴗ⛉Ꮫࢼࣀࢸࢡࣀࣟࢪ࣮ࢭࣥࢱ࣮ࡀ᭷ࡍࡿ࣐࢖ࢡ࣭ࣟࢼࣀຍᕤࡢࡓࡵࡢタഛ࡜ᢏ
⾡ࢆ฼⏝ࡋ࡚ࠊ⎔ቃ࣭࢚ࢿࣝࢠ࣮ၥ㢟ࡢゎỴ࡟ᙺ❧ࡘ㧗 ㉸ఏᑟᮦᩱ࣭ࢫࣆࣥࢺࣟࢽࢡࢫᮦᩱ࣭㧗ຠ⋡
⇕㟁ኚ᥮ᮦᩱ࡞࡝ࡢ≀ᛶ◊✲ࢆ⾜ࡗ࡚࠸ࡿࠋᮏᖺᗘࡣ≉࡟ࠊࢺ࣏ࣟࢪ࢝ࣝ⤯⦕యࡢ୰࡛ࡶࣂࣝࢡ⤯⦕ᛶ
ࡀ㣕㌍ⓗ࡟ྥୖࡋࡓ Bi2-xSbxTe3-ySey ࡟ὀ┠ࡋ࡚◊✲ࡋࡓࠋ
b) ᡂᯝ
࣭ࢺ࣏ࣟࢪ࢝ࣝ⤯⦕యࡢᇶ♏≀ᛶゎ᫂
㟁Ꮚࡢᣢࡘࢫࣆࣥࡢྥࡁࡢ⮬⏤ᗘࢆ฼⏝ࡍࡿࢫࣆࣥࢺࣟࢽࢡࢫ࡟࠾࠸࡚ࡣࠊ࠸࠿࡟ࢫࣆࣥࢆไᚚࡍࡿ
࠿ࡀᢏ⾡ࡢ୰ᚰ࡛࠶ࡿࠋ2007 ᖺ࡟ࠊ≀㉁୰ࡢ౯㟁Ꮚᖏࡢᣢࡘ఩┦ᗄఱᏛⓗ࡞ᛶ㉁࡟ࡼࡗ࡚ࠊࣂࣝࢡ࡟ࡣ
⤯⦕యࡔࡀ⾲㠃࡟↓ᩓ㐓ࡢࢫࣆࣥὶࡀᏑᅾࡍࡿࡼ࠺࡞≀㉁ࡀ࠶ࡿࡢ࡛ࡣ࡞࠸࠿࡜⌮ㄽⓗ࡟ண ࡉࢀࠊࡑ
ࡢࡼ࠺࡞≀㉁ࡣࠕࢺ࣏ࣟࢪ࢝ࣝ⤯⦕యࠖ࡜ྡ௜ࡅࡽࢀࡓࠋᛂ⏝ࡢほⅬ࠿ࡽࡣࠊࡑࡢ↓ᩓ㐓ࡢࢫࣆࣥὶࢆ
ࢹࣂ࢖ࢫ࡟ᛂ⏝࡛ࡁࢀࡤࠊ㉸┬࢚ࢿࣝࢠ࣮ᆺࡢࢫࣆࣥࢺࣟࢽࢡࢫࡀᐇ⌧࡛ࡁࡿྍ⬟ᛶࡀ࠶ࡿࠋ
ࡇࡇ 2㹼3 ᖺࡢ㛫࡟ࠊᐇ㝿࡟ Bi1-xSbxࠊBi2Se3ࠊBi2Te3 ࡀࢺ࣏ࣟࢪ࢝ࣝ⤯⦕య࡛࠶ࡿࡇ࡜ࡀ᫂ࡽ࠿࡟࡞ࡗ
ࡓࡀࠊࣂࣝࢡ⤯⦕ᛶࡀప࠸ࡇ࡜ࡀၥ㢟࡛࠶ࡗࡓࠋࡑࡢࡓࡵࡼࡾ㧗࠸ࣂࣝࢡ⤯⦕ᛶࢆᣢࡘࢺ࣏ࣟࢪ࢝ࣝ⤯
⦕యࡢ᥈⣴ࡀ⥆ࡅࡽࢀࠊᡃࠎࡣึࡵ࡚ࡢ 3 ඖ⣔ࢺ࣏ࣟࢪ࢝ࣝ⤯⦕య TlBiSe2 ࡢⓎぢࡸࠊࡇࢀࡲ࡛࡛᭱㧗
ࡢࣂࣝࢡ⤯⦕ᛶࢆ♧ࡍࢺ࣏ࣟࢪ࢝ࣝ⤯⦕య᪂≀㉁ Bi2Te2Se ࡸࡑࡢᨵⰋ∧ Bi2-xSbxTe3-ySey ࡢⓎぢ࡞࡝ࠊࢺ
࣏ࣟࢪ࢝ࣝ⤯⦕యࡢᇶ♏◊✲࡟࠾࠸࡚㔜せ࡞ᡂᯝࢆᣲࡆ࡚࠸ࡿࠋ
࣭ࢺ࣏ࣟࢪ࢝ࣝ⤯⦕య࡟࠾ࡅࡿࢫࣆࣥὶ᳨ฟ
ୖグࡢ≀ᛶゎ᫂◊✲࡜୪⾜ࡋ࡚ࠊࢺ࣏ࣟࢪ࢝ࣝ⤯⦕య࡟ࡼࡿࢫࣆࣥࢺࣟࢽࢡࢫ⣲Ꮚ㛤Ⓨࡢࡓࡵࡢᇶ♏
◊✲ࡶ⾜ࡗ࡚࠾ࡾࠊ⌧ᅾࢺ࣏ࣟࢪ࢝ࣝ⤯⦕య⾲㠃ࡢ↓ᩓ㐓ࢫࣆࣥὶࡢ┤᥋᳨ฟࢆ┠ᣦࡋ࡚࠸ࡿࠋ
ࡇࢀࡲ࡛ᩘ࣑ࣜࢧ࢖ࢬࡢࢺ࣏ࣟࢪ࢝ࣝ⤯⦕యヨᩱࢆ౑ࡗ࡚ࢹࣂ࢖ࢫࢆヨసࡋ࡚ࡁࡓࠋࡋ࠿ࡋࠊᩘ࣑ࣜ
ࢧ࢖ࢬ࡛ᆒ㉁࠿ࡘᖹᆠ࡞๼㛤㠃ࢆᣢࡘヨᩱࢆᚲせ࡜ࡍࡿ኱ࡁ࡞ࢹࣂ࢖ࢫࡢస〇ࡣ㠀ᖖ࡟ᅔ㞴࡛࠶ࡿࡇ
࡜ࡀࢃ࠿ࡗࡓࠋࡑࡇ࡛ࠊᮏᖺᗘࡣヨᩱࢆࢼࣀࢧ࢖ࢬࡲ࡛ⷧࡃࡋࠊࣜࢯࢢࣛࣇ࢕࣮࡟ࡼࡿ㟁ᴟᙧᡂ࡟ࡼࡗ
࡚ࢼࣀࢹࣂ࢖ࢫࢆస〇ࡍࡿࡇ࡜࡛ࡇࡢၥ㢟ࢆゎỴࡋࠊࢹࣂ࢖ࢫࡢಙ㢗ᗘࡸస〇ຠ⋡ࢆୖࡆࡿࡇ࡜ࢆヨࡳ
ࡓࠋලయⓗ࡟ࡣࠊࢩࣜࢥࣥᇶᯈୖ࡟ࣇ࢛ࢺࣜࢯࢢࣛࣇ࢕࣮࡟ࡼࡗ࡚ Cr/Au ࡢᘬࡁฟࡋ㟁ᴟࢆᙧᡂࡋ㸦ᅗ
1B㸧ࠊࡑࡢ୰ኸ㒊ศ࡟ Bi2-xSbxTe3-ySey ࡢ༢⤖ᬗ࠿ࡽ๤㞳ࡋࡓⷧ∦ࢆᐃ╔ࡉࡏࠊࡑࡢୖ࡟㟁Ꮚࣅ࣮࣒ࣜࢯ
ࢢࣛࣇ࢕࣮࡟ࡼࡗ࡚ᙉ☢ᛶయ㟁ᴟࢆᙧᡂࡋࡓ㸦ᅗ 1C㸧ࠋࡇࡢࢹࣂ࢖ࢫ࡛ࡣࠊᙉ☢ᛶయࡢ☢໬ࡢྥࡁ࡜ࢺ
࣏ࣟࢪ࢝ࣝ⤯⦕యࡢ⾲㠃ࢫࣆࣥ೫ᴟ㟁ὶࡢᣢࡘࢫࣆࣥࡢྥࡁࡢᩚྜ࣭㠀ᩚྜ࡟ࡼࡗ࡚ࠊ㟁ὶࢆᩚὶࡍࡿ
ࢲ࢖࣮࢜ࢻ࡜ྠᵝ࡞᣺⯙࠸㸦ࢫࣆࣥࣇ࢕ࣝࢱ࣮ࢲ࢖࣮࢜ࢻ㸧ࡀᮇᚅࡉࢀࡿ㸦ᅗ 1A㸧ࠋࡇࡢࢹࣂ࢖ࢫࢆ ᐃ࣭ホ౯ࡋࠊᮇᚅࡉࢀࡿࢫࣆࣥࢲ࢖࣮࢜ࢻຠᯝࢆほ ࡍࡿࡓࡵ࡟ᚲせ࡞せ⣲ᢏ⾡ࢆ᫂ࡽ࠿࡟ࡋࡓࠋ
ᅗ (A) ࢺ࣏ࣟࢪ࢝ࣝ⤯⦕యୖ࡟ᙉ☢ᛶయࢥࣂࣝࢺ
㟁ᴟࢆ⵨╔ࡋࡓࢫࣆࣥࣇ࢕ࣝࢱ࣮ࢲ࢖࣮࢜ࢻࢹࣂ࢖
ࢫࡢᴫᛕᅗ. (B) ࣇ࢛ࢺࣜࢯࢢࣛࣇ࢕࣮࡟ࡼࡿ Cr/Au
ᘬࡁฟࡋ㟁ᴟ. (C) ࢫࣆࣥࣇ࢕ࣝࢱ࣮ࢲ࢖࣮࢜ࢻࡢヨ
సရࠋࢺ࣏ࣟࢪ࢝ࣝ⤯⦕య Bi2-xSbxTe3-ySey ༢⤖ᬗ࠿ࡽ
๤㞳ࡋ Si ᇶᯈ࡟ᐃ╔ࡉࢀࡓⷧ∦ୖ࡟㟁Ꮚࣅ࣮࣒ࣜࢯ
ࢢࣛࣇ࢕࣮࡟ࡼࡗ࡚ࢥࣂࣝࢺ㟁ᴟࡀᙧᡂࡉࢀ࡚࠸ࡿࠋ
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ࢼࣀ▱⬟ࢩࢫࢸ࣒ศ㔝
ᩍᤵ㸦ව௵㸧
㮖ᑿ 㝯
a) ᴫせ
ᐇ㦂࡜ィ ᢏ⾡ࡢ㐍Ṍ࡟కࡗ࡚ࠊࢼࣀࢸࢡࣀࣟࢪ◊✲ศ㔝࡟࠾࠸࡚኱㔞ࡢᐇ㦂ࢹ࣮ࢱࡀ⵳✚ࡉࢀࡘࡘ
࠶ࡿࠋࡋ࠿ࡋ࡞ࡀࡽࠊ◊✲⪅ࢆྵࡴே㛫ࡢ᝟ሗฎ⌮⬟ຊࡢ㝈⏺࡟ࡼࡾࠊࡑࡢࡼ࠺࡞኱㔞ࢹ࣮ࢱ࠿ࡽ⛉Ꮫ
ⓗࠊᕤᏛⓗ࡟ព⩏῝࠸▱㆑ࢆᡭື࡛ຠ⋡ⓗ࡟ᢳฟࡍࡿࡇ࡜ࡣ㞴ࡋ࠸ࠋࡇࡢၥ㢟ࢆゎỴ࡞࠸ࡋ㍍ῶࡍࡿࡓ
ࡵ࡟ࠊᮏ◊✲㒊㛛࡛ࡣᵝࠎ࡞᥎ㄽࡸ᥈⣴࢔ࣝࢦࣜࢬ࣒ࢆ㥑౑ࡋ࡚኱㔞ࢹ࣮ࢱ࠿ࡽே㛫࡟࡜ࡗ࡚ព࿡ࡢ኱
ࡁ࡞▱㆑ࢆᢳฟ࡞࠸ࡋ᥎ᐃࡍࡿᡭἲࡢ㛤Ⓨࢆ⾜ࡗ࡚࠸ࡿࠋᮏᖺᗘࡣࠊᘬࡁ⥆ࡁ኱つᶍ໬㔞Ꮚᐇ㦂࡟࠾ࡅ
ࡿࢹ࣮ࢱ᥎ᐃᡭἲࡢ㛤Ⓨ࡟ྲྀࡾ⤌ࢇ࡛࠸ࡿࠋ㔞Ꮚᐇ㦂ࡀࡶࡓࡽࡍ≧ែᐦᗘ⾜ิࡢᐇ㦂 ᐃ⤖ᯝࡣࠊࡑࡢ
⫼ᚋࡢ≀⌮ⓗ࣓࢝ࢽࢬ࣒࡟ࡼࡗ࡚༙ṇᐃᛶ࡜࠸࠺ᛶ㉁ࢆ‶ࡓࡍࡇ࡜ࡀศ࠿ࡗ࡚࠸ࡿࠋࡋ࠿ࡋࠊᐇ㝿࡟ࡣ
ᐇ㦂 ᐃჾഃࡢㄗᕪࡸḞ ࡟ࡼࡾ୙᏶඲࡞≧ែᐦᗘ⾜ิࡋ࠿ ᐃ࡛ࡁࡎࠊࡑࢀࡽࡀᐇ㦂᫬㛫ෆ࡟ኚືࡍ
ࡿࡓࡵ࡟ືస᳨ドࡍࡽᅔ㞴࡛࠶ࡿࡇ࡜ࡀከ࠸ࠋᮏ◊✲࡛ࡣᮏ᮶‶ࡓࡉࢀࡿ࡭ࡁ༙ṇᐃᛶࢆ᭷ࡍࡿ≧ែᐦ
ᗘ⾜ิࡢᐃᖖ㸦㠀ືⓗ㸧ᡂศ࡜㠀ᐃᖖ㸦ືⓗ㸧ᡂศࢆศゎࡋ᭦࡟⢭ᗘࡢ㧗࠸᥎ᐃ⤖ᯝࢆᚓࡿࡓࡵࠊ᪂ࡓ
࡞ᩘᏛⓗつ⠊ࢆ⪃᱌ࡋࠊࡑࢀࢆゎᯒᡭἲ࡜ࡋ࡚ලయ໬ࡍࡿ◊✲ࢆ㐍ࡵࡓࠋ
b) ᡂᯝ
≧ែᐦᗘ⾜ิୖࡢ≧ែ㛫ࡢ㛵ಀ
Proposed
᪂࡟㛤Ⓨࡋࡓᡂศศゎᡭἲࡢᅾ᮶ἲ࡜ࡢ⢭ᗘẚ㍑
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ࢼࣀ་⒪ᛂ⏝ࢹࣂ࢖ࢫศ㔝
ᩍᤵ㸦ව௵㸧
୰㇂ ࿴ᙪ
a) ᴫせ
ᙜศ㔝࡛ࡣࠊ㎿㏿ࠊ⡆౽ࠊᏳ౯࡞㑇ఏᏊデ᩿ἲࡢ㛤Ⓨࢆ┠ᣦࡋ࡚ࠊ᳨ฟ࡟ᚲせ࡞ᇶᮏᢏ⾡ᴫᛕࡢᥦ᱌
࡜᳨ドࢆ⾜࠺࡜࡜ࡶ࡟ࠊࢼࣀᚤ⣽ຍᕤ࡜⤌ࡳྜࢃࡏࡓࢹࣂ࢖ࢫࡸࠊ་⒪デ᩿ᶵჾࡢ㛤Ⓨ࡬ࡶᒎ㛤ࡍࡿࠋ
b) ᡂᯝ
࣭ࢩࢺࢩࣥࣂࣝࢪ࡬࢔ࣆࣥࣉࣛ࢖࣐࣮ࢆ⏝࠸ࡓ⡆౽࡞㑇ఏᏊኚ␗᳨ฟἲ
㑇ఏᏊࡢኚ␗ࢆ㎿㏿࡟᳨ฟࡍࡿᡭἲࡀࠊࢸ࣮࣓࣮ࣛࢻ་
⒪ࢆᨭ࠼ࡿ᰿ᖿᢏ⾡࡜ࡋ࡚ᮇᚅࡉࢀ࡚࠸ࡿࠋᙜ◊✲ศ㔝࡛
ࡣࠊ࣑ࢫ࣐ࢵࢳࡸࣂࣝࢪᵓ㐀࡟≉␗ⓗ࡟⤖ྜࡍࡿᑠศᏊࢆ
⏝࠸ࡓ㑇ఏᏊኚ␗᳨ᰝᢏ⾡ࢆᥦ᱌ࡋ࡚ࡁࡓࠋᡃࠎࡢ᪉ἲࡢ
≉ᚩࡣࠊᶆⓗ DNA ࡀᑡ㔞࡛ࡶ PCR ࢆ౑࠺ࡇ࡜᳨࡛ฟࡀྍ
⬟࡛࠶ࡿࡇ࡜ࠊ඲࡚ࢆΰྜࡋ࡚ PCR ࡀ࠿ࡅࡽࢀࡿ࡜࠸࠺ࡁ
ࢃࡵ࡚⡆౽࡞ᡭἲ࡛㑇ఏᏊኚ␗ࡀุᐃ࡛ࡁࡿⅬ࡟࠶ࡿࠋࢸ
ࣥࣉ࣮ࣞࢺࢆ⏝࠸࡚ PCR ࢆ⾜࡞ࡗࡓ⤖ᯝࠊ3‘ᮎ➃ࡢ୍ሷᇶ
ࡢ㐪࠸࡛⺯ගࡢኚ໬࡟኱ࡁ࡞ᕪࡀほ ࡉࢀࠊ୍ሷᇶࡢ㐪࠸
ࢆㄆ㆑ࡍࡿࡇ࡜࡟ᡂຌࡋࡓࠋ࢔ࣞࣝ≉␗ⓗ࣊࢔ࣆࣥࣉࣛ࢖
࣐࣮ἲ࡜ྡ௜ࡅࡓࡇࡢ᪉ἲࡢ≉ᚩࡣࠊ➇ྜࡍࡿ࢔ࣞࣝ࡟࣐
ࢵࢳࡋࡓ➇ྜࣉࣛ࢖࣐࣮ࢆඹᏑࡉࡏࡿࡇ࡜࡟ࡼࡾࠊ⡆༢࡟
࢔ࣞࣝ≉␗ᛶࢆ᱁ẁ࡟ྥୖ࡛ࡁࡿⅬ࡟࠶ࡿࠋ
ࡇࡢᡭἲࢆ⏝࠸࡚⌧ᅾ࢘࢖ࣝࢫࡢ㧗ឤᗘ᳨ฟࢆ௻ᴗ࡜ࡢ
ඹྠ࡛㐍ࡵ࡚࠸ࡿࠋࡲࡓࠊᮏᡭἲࡣ PCR ࡢ᮲௳ࢆ᳨ウࡍࡿ
ࡇ࡜࡞ࡃ࢔ࣞࣝ≉␗ᛶࡢྥୖࡀྍ⬟࡛࠶ࡿ࡜࠸࠺Ⅼ࡛⡆౽
࡞᳨ฟἲ࡜ࡋ࡚ࡢᛂ⏝ᒎ㛤ࡀᮇᚅࡉࢀࡿࠋ
ᑦࠊᮏ◊✲ࡣ⢭ᐦไᚚ໬Ꮫ◊✲ศ㔝ࡢṊ஭ྐᜨຓᩍ࡜ࡢ
ඹྠ◊✲࡛࠶ࡿࠋ
― 112 ―
ࢼࣀࢩࢫࢸ࣒タィศ㔝
ᐈဨᩍᤵ
㧗ᰗ ⱥ᫂ 㸦ᖹᡂ 23 ᖺ 7 ᭶ 1 ᪥㹼ᖹᡂ 23 ᖺ 9 ᭶ 30 ᪥㸧
a) ᴫせ
㟁⏺ຠᯝ⣲Ꮚࡢప 㟁Ꮚ┦࡟㛵ࡍࡿ◊✲
b) ᡂᯝ
࣭
㧗ᰗᩍᤵࡣࠊప ࡟࠾ࡅࡿ㟁Ꮚࡢ㔞Ꮚ≧ែࢆࠊ༙ᑟయࡸ㉸ఏᑟయࡢᚤ⣽ᵓ㐀࡟࠾࠸࡚ไᚚࡍࡿ◊✲
ศ㔝ࡢ➨୍ே⪅࡜ࡋ࡚ࡢ⤒㦂ࢆࡶ࡜࡟ࠊ㔞Ꮚࢥࣥࣆ࣮ࣗࢸ࢕ࣥࢢࡢᇶ♏ⓗࢫ࣮࣒࢟࡜࡞ࡿ㔞Ꮚ᝟ሗไ
ᚚἲࡢ㛤Ⓨࡸ㉸ఏᑟ᥋ྜࢆ฼⏝ࡋࡓLED◊✲ࡢ᭱ඛ➃ࡢ◊✲࡟㛵ࡋ࡚ࠊࢭ࣑ࢼ࣮ࡸᑡேᩘࡢࢹ࢕ࢫ࢝
ࢵࢩࣙࣥࢆ⾜ࡗࡓࠋ୍᪉ࠊ᭷ᶵ໬ྜ≀࡞࡝ࡢ᪂ࡋ࠸༙ᑟయࡢ㟁⏺ຠᯝࢺࣛࣥࢪࢫࢱᵓ㐀࡟࠾࠸࡚ࡣࠊ
᭱㏆㠀ᖖ࡟㧗࠸⛣ືᗘࢆᐇ⌧ࡋ࡚࠸ࡿࡓࡵࠊప ࡛ࡢ㔠ᒓ≧ែ࡞࡝ࠊ㟁⏺ຠᯝ࡟ࡼࡿ㟁Ꮚ≧ែไᚚ࡜
ࡑࢀ࡟ࡼࡿ᪂ࡋ࠸ᶵ⬟ࡢⓎ⌧ࡀᮇᚅࡉࢀࡿࠋᮏ◊✲࡛ࡣࠊ᭷ᶵ༙ᑟయࢆ୰ᚰ࡜ࡋࡓ㟁⏺ຠᯝㄏ㉳ࡢప
㟁Ꮚ┦࡟࠾࠸࡚ࠊ㟁Ꮚࡢࢥࣄ࣮ࣞࣥࢺ≧ែࢆᐇ⌧ࡋࠊไᚚࡍࡿࡇ࡜ࢆ┠ᣦࡋࡓᇶ♏ⓗ᳨ウࢆ⾜ࡗࡓࠋ
ࡑࡢ⤖ᯝࠊᕧ኱ศᏊ࡟࠾࠸࡚ࠊࢥࣄ࣮ࣞࣥࢺ࡞㟁Ꮚ≧ែไᚚࢆ⾜࠺ศᏊࡢタィ࡜ྜᡂἲ࡟㛵ࡍࡿぢ㏻
ࡋࡀᚓࡽࢀࡓࠋ
࣭ ග࡜㟁Ꮚࡢࢥࣄ࣮ࣞࣥࢫ࡜᪂ࡋ࠸㔞Ꮚไᚚࢹࣂ࢖ࢫ ࡜㢟ࡋ࡚Ꮫෆࢭ࣑ࢼ࣮ࢆ⾜ࡗࡓࠋ㸦ᖹᡂ23ᖺ5᭶
27᪥㸦㔠㸧15㸸00㹼17㸸00㸧
― 113 ―
ࢼࣀࢩࢫࢸ࣒タィศ㔝
ᐈဨ෸ᩍᤵ
㓇஭ ᨻ㐨㸦ᖹᡂ 23 ᖺ 7 ᭶ 1 ᪥ࠥᖹᡂ 23 ᖺ 9 ᭶ 30 ᪥㸧
a) ᴫせ
ᕼᅵ㢮㔠ᒓࡢỈ⣲໬≀ࡣࠊỈ⣲࢚ࢿࣝࢠ࣮྾ⶶయ࡛࠶ࡾࠊࡲࡓࠊ㈨※࣭࢚ࢿࣝࢠ࣮ᚠ⎔ᆺᮦᩱࡢࣔࢹ
ࣝࢣ࣮ࢫ࡜ࡋ࡚఩⨨࡙ࡅࡽࢀ࡚࠸ࡿࠋ⏦ㄳ⪅ࡣࠊࡇࢀࡲ࡛ࠊᴟప࣮࣍ࣝಀᩘᮦᩱࡢ๰〇ࢆ┠ᣦࡋ࡚ࠊỈ
⣲྾ⶶయ YH2 ࠾ࡼࡧ GdH2 ࡢస〇ࢆ⾜ࡗ࡚ࡁࡓࠋ ᴟప࣮࣍ࣝಀᩘᮦᩱࡢ๰〇ࢆ┠ᣦࡋ࡚࠸ࡿ⌮⏤ࡣࠊ࣍
࣮ࣝಀᩘࢮࣟ≧ែࡀࠊṇ࿡ࡢ㟁Ⲵ㍺㏦ࢆకࢃ࡞࠸ࠊࡋࡓࡀࡗ࡚ࠊࢪ࣮ࣗࣝ⇕ᦆኻࡢ↓࠸࢟ࣕࣜࣖ㸦㟁Ꮚ
࡜ṇᏍ㸧㍺㏦ࢆྍ⬟࡟ࡍࡿࡢ࡛ࠊࡑࡢᛶ㉁ࢆ฼⏝ࡋࡓࠊ౛࠼ࡤࠊࢫࣆࣥὶ⏕ᡂࢹࣂ࢖ࢫ࡞࡝࡬ࡢᛂ⏝ࡀ
⪃࠼ࡽࢀࡿ࠿ࡽ࡛࠶ࡿࠋ YH2 ࡀᴟࡵ࡚ᑠࡉ࠸࣮࣍ࣝಀᩘࢆ♧ࡍࡇ࡜ࡣࠊ᪤࡟ᐇ㦂ⓗ࡟ぢฟࡉࢀ࡚࠸ࡿࠋ
ᮏ◊✲࡛ࡣࠊ࣮࣍ࣝಀᩘࢮࣟ≧ែࢆಖࡕࡘࡘࠊ࢟ࣕࣜࣖࡀࢫࣆࣥ೫ᴟ≧ែࢆᣢࡘỈ⣲྾ⶶయࢆస〇ࡍࡿ
┠ⓗ࡛ࠊࡣࡌࡵ࡚ࠊYH2 ࡜ GdH2 ࡢྜ㔠ࡢస〇࡟ྲྀࡾ⤌ࡳࠊࡑࡢ㟁Ẽⓗ࠾ࡼࡧ☢Ẽⓗᛶ㉁ࢆㄪᰝࡋࠊ㟁
Ꮚ࣭ࢫࣆࣥᶵ⬟ࢹࣂ࢖ࢫ࡬ࡢᒎ㛤ࢆ᳨ウࡋࡓࠋ
b) ᡂᯝ
స〇ࡋࡓ GdxY1-xH2 ΰᬗ(x=0.18㹼0.79)࡟࠾ࡅࡿ᱁Ꮚᐃᩘࡢ Gd ⃰ᗘ౫Ꮡᛶࡣࠊ࣮࣋࢞ࢻ๎ࢆ♧ࡍࡇ࡜
࠿ࡽࠊᅛ⁐యྜ㔠ࡀᚓࡽࢀ࡚࠸ࡿࡇ࡜ࡀศ࠿ࡗࡓࠋࡇࢀࡽࡢ☢໬࠾ࡼࡧ࣮࣍ࣝ᢬ᢠࡢ☢ሙ౫Ꮡᛶ ᐃ࡟
ࡼࡗ࡚ࠊx=0.49 ࡛ࡣࠊ␗ᖖ࣮࣍ࣝຠᯝࡀ 77 K ࡟࠾࠸࡚᫂☜࡟ほ ࡉࢀࠊ࢟ࣕࣜࣖࡀእ㒊☢ሙ୰࡛ࢫࣆ
ࣥ೫ᴟࡍࡿࡇ࡜ࡀศ࠿ࡗࡓࠋ࡞ࡐ࡞ࡽࡤࠊ␗ᖖ࣮࣍ࣝຠᯝࡢฟ⌧ࡣࠊࢫࣆࣥ࢔ࢵࣉ࢟ࣕࣜࣖ࡜ࢫࣆࣥࢲ
࢘ࣥ࢟ࣕࣜࣖࡢ⃰ᗘࣂࣛࣥࢫࡀᔂࢀ࡚࠸ࡿࡇ࡜ࢆព࿡ࡍࡿ࠿ࡽ࡛࠶ࡿࠋほ ࡉࢀࡓ☢໬್࡜࣮࣍ࣝ᢬ᢠ
್ࢆ⏝࠸࡚ࠊṇᖖ࣮࣍ࣝಀᩘ RH ࡜␗ᖖ࣮࣍ࣝಀᩘ Rs ࢆ᭱ᑠ஧஌ἲ࡛ᅇᖐศᯒࡋࡓࠋࡑࡢ⤖ᯝࠊṇᖖ࣍
࣮ࣝಀᩘ࡜ࡋ࡚ RH(77 K)=㸫1.5×10 㸫 11 m3/CࠊRH(300 K)=7.9×10 㸫 12 m3/Cࠊ␗ᖖ࣮࣍ࣝಀᩘ࡜ࡋ࡚
Rs(77K)=1.2×10㸫8 m3/CࠊRs(300 K)=5×10㸫9 m3/C ࡀᚓࡽࢀࠊGdxY1-xH2 (x=0.49)ࡢṇᖖ࣮࣍ࣝಀᩘࡣࠊᨃࢮ
࣮ࣟ࣍ࣝಀᩘᮦᩱ YH2 ࡜ྠ⛬ᗘ࡛࠶ࡿࡇ࡜ࡀぢฟࡉࢀࡓࠋࡋࡓࡀࡗ࡚ࠊGdxY1-xH2 (x=0.49)ࡣࠊᨃࢮࣟ࣍
࣮ࣝಀᩘ≉ᛶࢆࡶࡘࣂ࢖࣏࣮ࣛఏᑟᛶࢆ᭷ࡋ࡚࠸ࡿ࡜ப࠼ࠊࡇࡢྜ㔠ࡣࠊᡃࠎࡀᥦ᱌ࡋ࡚࠸ࡿࣂ࢖࣏࣮
ࣛఏᑟᛶ࡟ᇶ࡙ࡃ⣧ࢫࣆࣥὶࡢࢳࣕࢿࣝᮦᩱ࡟㐺ࡋ࡚࠸ࡿ࡜ᮇᚅ࡛ࡁࡿࠋ
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ࢼࣀࢩࢫࢸ࣒タィศ㔝
ᐈဨᩍᤵ
ᇉෆ ྐᩄ㸦ᖹᡂ 23 ᖺ 11 ᭶ 16 ᪥㹼ᖹᡂ 24 ᖺ 3 ᭶ 31 ᪥㸧
a) ᴫせ
୙ᩧゐ፹ࡣࠊᴟᚤ㔞ࡢ౑⏝࡟ࡼࡾ་⸆ရཎᩱ࡞࡝ࡢ᭷⏝࡞ගᏛάᛶ໬ྜ≀ࢆ኱㔞࡟౪⤥࡛ࡁࡿࠋ㝈ࡾ
࠶ࡿ㈨※ࢆ᭷ຠ࠿ࡘ᭱኱㝈࡟ά࠿ࡋࠊ⎔ቃởᰁ≀㉁ࡢ᤼ฟࢆᢚไࡍࡿࡓࡵ࡟ࡣࠊᐇ⏝ⓗ࡞㧗άᛶ୙ᩧゐ
፹ࡢ㛤Ⓨࡀ᭱㔜せㄢ㢟ࡢ㸯ࡘ࡜࡞ࡗ࡚࠸ࡿࠋ㏆ᖺࠊⅣ⣲㸫Ỉ⣲⤖ྜࢆ㑄⛣㔠ᒓゐ፹࡟ࡼࡾάᛶ໬ࡋ࡚ᐁ
⬟ᇶ໬ࡍࡿ┤᥋ⓗኚ᥮཯ᛂࡀࠊ๪⏕ᡂ≀ࡢపῶ໬ࡸ┬࢚ࢿࣝࢠ࣮ࡢほⅬ࠿ࡽ⬮ගࢆᾎࡧ࡚࠸ࡿࠋᙜ◊✲
ศ㔝࡛ࡣࠊࡼࡾ⎔ቃㄪ࿴ᛶ࡟ඃࢀࡓゐ፹ⓗ୙ᩧྜᡂἲࡢ๰ฟࢆ┠ᣦࡋࠊࡇࢀࡲ࡛࡟㢮ࡢ↓࠸Ⅳ⣲㸫Ỉ⣲
⤖ྜάᛶ໬ࢆ⤒ࡿ࢚ࢼࣥࢳ࢜㑅ᢥⓗゐ፹཯ᛂࡢ㛤Ⓨ࡟ྲྀࡾ⤌ࢇࡔࠋ
b) ᡂᯝ
࣭4̺࢔ࣝࢣࣥ㓟ࡢศᏊෆ㓟໬ⓗ࢔ࣜࣝ఩Ⅳ⣲㸫Ỉ⣲⤖ྜ࢚ࢫࢸࣝ໬཯ᛂ࡟ࡼࡿ J̺ࣛࢡࢺࣥࡢ࢚ࢼࣥ
ࢳ࢜㑅ᢥⓗྜᡂ
J̺ࣛࢡࢺࣥ㦵᱁ࡣࠊ⏕⌮άᛶ≀㉁࡞࡝࡟ぢࡽࢀࡿᇶᮏࣘࢽࢵࢺ࡛࠶ࡾࠊᖜᗈ࠸ศ㔝࡛฼⏝ࡉࢀ࡚࠸
ࡿࠋගᏛάᛶయࢆ୚࠼ࡿᚑ᮶ࡢྜᡂἲࡣࠊከẁ㝵ࢆᚲせ࡜ࡋ኱㔞ࡢᗫᲠ≀ࢆ⏕ࡌࡿ⎔ቃ㈇Ⲵࡢ኱ࡁ࡞ࣉ
ࣟࢭࢫ࡛࠶ࡗࡓࠋධᡭᐜ᫆࡞ 4࢔ࣝࢣࣥ㓟 1 ࢆᇶ㉁࡜ࡋࡓ࢚ࢼࣥࢳ࢜㑅ᢥⓗ⎔໬཯ᛂࡀᐇ⌧࡛ࡁࢀࡤࠊ
ගᏛάᛶJ̺ࣛࢡࢺࣥࡢ⌮᝿ⓗ࡞ྜᡂἲ࡜࡞ࡾᚓࡿࠋࡑࡇ࡛ࠊ➲஭◊✲ᐊ࡛㛤Ⓨࡉࢀࡓ࢟ࣛࣝ㓄఩Ꮚ
SPRIX ࢆ฼⏝ࡋࠊPd ゐ፹࡟ࡼࡿ 1 ࡢ࢚ࢼࣥࢳ࢜㑅ᢥⓗ⎔໬཯ᛂࢆヨࡳࡓࠋࡑࡢ⤖ᯝࠊ┠ⓗ⏕ᡂ≀࡛࠶ࡿ
J̺ࣛࢡࢺࣥ 2 ࡀᐃ㔞ⓗ࡟᭱㧗 82% ee ࡛ᚓࡽࢀࡓࠋ཯ᛂᶵᵓࢆゎ᫂ࡍࡿࡓࡵࠊ㔜Ỉ⣲ࣛ࣋ࣝᇶ㉁ࢆ⏝࠸
ࡓ㏿ᗘㄽⓗྠ఩యຠᯝᐇ㦂࡞࡝ᵝࠎ࡞᳨ウࢆ⾜ࡗࡓ࡜ࡇࢁࠊᮏ཯ᛂࡣⅣ⣲̺Ỉ⣲⤖ྜάᛶ໬ࡀᚊ㏿ẁ㝵
࡛࠶ࡾࠊ⏕ᡂࡍࡿS̺࢔ࣜࣝ Pd ୰㛫య B ࢆ⤒࡚㐍⾜ࡋ࡚࠸ࡿࡇ࡜ࢆ᫂ࡽ࠿࡟࡛ࡁࡓ㸦ᅗ 1㸧ࠋ
ᅗ 1 Pd–SPRIX ゐ፹ࢆά⏝ࡍࡿ࢔ࣜࣝ఩ C–H ⤖ྜάᛶ໬ࢆ⤒ࡿ J̺ࣛࢡࢺࣥ 2 ࡢ࢚ࢼࣥࢳ࢜㑅ᢥⓗྜᡂ
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ࢼࣀࢩࢫࢸ࣒タィศ㔝
ᐈဨ෸ᩍᤵ
すᕝ ༤᫛ 㸦ᖹᡂ 23 ᖺ 12 ᭶ 1 ᪥㹼ᖹᡂ 24 ᖺ 3 ᭶ 31 ᪥㸧
a) ᴫせ
ᶵ⬟ᛶ㓟໬≀ࢼࣀᵓ㐀๰〇࡜ḟୡ௦┬࢚ࢿࣝࢠ࣮ࢹࣂ࢖ࢫᛂ⏝࡟㛵ࡍࡿ◊✲
b) ᡂᯝ
ከᙬ࡞㟁Ꮚᶵ⬟ࢆᣢࡘᶵ⬟ᛶ㓟໬≀࡟ᑐࡋ࡚ࢼࣀᵓ㐀ࢹࣂ࢖ࢫࡢᙧᡂ࡜ࢼࣀ࢚ࣞࢡࢺࣟࢽࢡࢫᛂ⏝㛤
ࢆ┠ⓗ࡜ࡋࡓᇶ♏≉ᛶホ౯◊✲ࢆ⾜ࡗࡓࠋලయⓗ࡟ࡣࠊ㑄⛣㔠ᒓ㓟໬≀ࡢᅽ㟁ຠᯝࢆᛂ⏝ࡋࡓ㟁ຊࢆྲྀ
ࡾฟࡍ࢚ࢼࢪ࣮ࣁ࣮࣋ࢫࢱ࣮ࡢᒎ㛤࡛ࠊࢼࣀᵓ㐀໬ࡍࡿࡇ࡜࡛㧗㞟✚໬ࡢ㐩ᡂ࡜ࠊຠ⋡ࡢྥୖࡀᮇᚅࡉ
ࢀࡿࠋᙜヱ◊✲ᮇ㛫࡛ࡣࠊࢹࣂ࢖ࢫࡢᇶ┙ᵓ㐀࡛࠶ࡿࢳࢱࣥ㓟ࣂ࣒ࣜ࢘ࡢࢼࣀ⣽⥺ᵓ㐀ࡢస〇ᢏ⾡ࢆ☜
❧ࡋࡓࠋ
― 116 ―
࠽ࡁ࠺ࡃࠗࠬ⹏ଔ⸻ᢿಽ㊁
ᢎ᝼ ↰ਛ ⑲๺
ቴຬಎᢎ᝼
Saket Asthana 㧔ᐔᚑ 23 ᐕ 5 ᦬ 10 ᣣ㨪ᐔᚑ 23 ᐕ 7 ᦬ 29 ᣣ㧕
․છ⎇ⓥຬ ጟ↰ ᶈ৻
a) ᭎ⷐ
ㆫ⒖㊄ዻ㉄ൻ‛ߪᒝ⏛ᕈඨዉ૕․ᕈ߿ᒝ⺃㔚ᕈࠍ␜ߔ㝯ജ⊛ߥ‛⾰⟲ߢ޽ࠆ‫ޔ߫߃଀ޕ‬ቶ᷷ࠃࠅ㆝߆
ߦ㜞޿ᒝ⏛ᕈォ⒖᷷ᐲࠍ᦭ߔࠆᒝ⏛ᕈඨዉ૕(Fe,Zn)3O4߿Ꮒᄢ⏛᳇ᛶ᛫ലᨐࠍ␜ߔࡑࡦࠟࡦ㉄ൻ‛‫ޔ‬ቶ
᷷ߢᏂᄢ⥄⊒㔚᳇ಽᭂࠍ᦭ߔࠆBiFeO3ߪᰴ਎ઍ⋭ࠛࡀ࡞ࠡ࡯ࠛ࡟ࠢ࠻ࡠ࠾ࠢࠬߩࠠ࡯ࡑ࠹࡝ࠕ࡞ߣߒ
ߡ᦭ᦸߢ޽ࠆ‫౒ᧄޕ‬ห⎇ⓥߢߪ‫ࠬࠗࡃ࠺⤑⭯ޔ‬ᒻᚑߦ࠽ࡁࠗࡦࡊ࡝ࡦ࠻ᴺ߅ࠃ߮⥄Ꮖ⚵❱ൻࠍⲢวߐߖ
ߚ⁛⥄ߩᚻᴺࠍ↪޿‫㉄ࠄࠇߎޔ‬ൻ‛ߩ࠽ࡁ᭴ㅧൻߦࠃࠅ௖߆ߥࠛࡀ࡞ࠡ࡯ߢቶ᷷Ꮒᄢ‛ᕈᔕ╵ࠍ␜ߔ࠽
ࡁࠬࡇࡦ࠻ࡠ࠾ࠢࠬ࠺ࡃࠗࠬߩഃ಴ࠍ⋡ᜰߒߡ޿ࠆ‫੹ޕ‬ᐕᐲߩਥߥᚑᨐࠍએਅߦႎ๔ߔࠆ‫ޕ‬
b) ᚑᨐ
⦟ߊ૏⟎᳿߼ߐࠇߚ⥄Ꮖ⚵❱ൻ࠽ࡁ᭴ㅧߩᒻᚑࠍᔨ㗡ߦ‫ࠗࡁ࠽ޔ‬
ࡦࡊ࡝ࡦ࠻࡝࠰ࠣ࡜ࡈࠖ࡯ߣࡄ࡞ࠬ࡟࡯ࠩၸⓍᴺߩⲢวߦࠃࠅ᏷
500 nmߩᒝ⏛ᕈඨዉ૕(Fe,Zn)3O4࠽ࡁ࠼࠶࠻ࠍ૞⵾ߒߚ‫ޕ‬ቶ᷷ߢၸⓍ
ߐߖ‫ߚߒࡈࠝ࠻ࡈ࡝ࠍ࠻ࠬࠫ࡟ޔ‬ᓟ‫⚿ࠅࠃߦ࡞࡯࠾ࠕ࠻ࠬࡐޔ‬᥏ൻ
ߐߖߚ‫ޕ‬࿑ 1 ߦ␜ߔࠃ߁ߦ‫ޔ‬ဋ৻ߥࠨࠗ࠭࡮ᒻ⁁ࠍ᦭ߔࠆ(Fe,Zn)3O4
࠽ࡁ࠼࠶࠻ࠕ࡟ࠗࠍ৻᜝ᄢ㕙Ⓧߦ૞⵾ߔࠆߎߣߦᚑഞߒ‫ޔ‬᭽‫ߥޘ‬ㆫ
⒖㊄ዻ㉄ൻ‛ߦㆡ↪น⢻ߥ࠽ࡁടᎿᴺࠍ⏕┙ߒߚ‫ޕ‬
1ȝm
ࡑࡦࠟࡦ㉄ൻ‛ߦ⷗ࠄࠇࠆ㔚⩄⒎ᐨ⁁ᘒߦ߅޿ߡߪ௖߆ߥᄖ႐ߦ
ࠃࠆᄢ߈ߥ‛ᕈᔕ╵߇ᦼᓙߢ߈‫ࡀࡖ࠴ߩࠬࠗࡃ࠺࡯ࠡ࡞ࡀࠛ⋭⿥ޔ‬
࿑ 1 (Fe,Zn)3O4 ࠽ࡁ࠼࠶࠻ࡄ࠲࡯
࡞ߣߒߡᯏ⢻ߒ߁ࠆ‫ߢߎߘޕ‬㔚⩄⒎ᐨ⁁ᘒࠍ᦭ߔࠆ
ࡦߩSEM௝‫ޕ‬
Nd0.5Sr0.5Mn1-xCrxO3ࠍ૞⵾ߒ‫ߩߘޔ‬㔚႐ᔕ╵ࠍ⺞ߴߚ‫ޕ‬㔚᳇ᛶ᛫ߩ㔚
࿶ଐሽᕈࠍ᷹ቯߒߚߣߎࠈౣ⃻ᕈ⦟ߊᛶ᛫ࠬࠗ࠶࠴ࡦࠣ⃻⽎߇⷗ࠄࠇ‫ޔ‬㔚⩄⒎ᐨ⁁ᘒߩ㔚⇇ߦࠃࠆ೙ᓮ
߇␜ໂߐࠇߚ‫ޕ‬
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ࢼࣀࢹࣂ࢖ࢫホ౯࣭デ᩿ศ㔝
ᐈဨᩍᤵ
ᮤ ຠẸ㸦ᖹᡂ 23 ᖺ 8 ᭶ 1 ᪥㹼ᖹᡂ 23 ᖺ 9 ᭶ 30 ᪥㸧
a) ᴫせ
పḟඖᛶࢆ᭷ࡍࡿ↓ᶵࢼࣀ࣡࢖ࣖᵓ㐀ࡣ㏆ᖺᇶ♏⛉Ꮫⓗ࡞⯆࿡ࡢࡳ࡞ࡽࡎࢼࣀࢹࣂ࢖ࢫᛂ⏝ࡢほⅬ
࠿ࡽ㠀ᖖ࡟ὀ┠ࢆ㞟ࡵ࡚࠸ࡿࠋࡇࢀࡽࡢࢼࣀ࣡࢖ࣖᵓ㐀యࡣ⊂ࡾ࡛࡟⤌ࡳ࠶ࡀࡿࡓࡵ࡟ᚤ⣽ຍᕤ㝈⏺ࢆ
㐶࠿࡟෽㥙ࡋࡓࢧ࢖ࢬ㡿ᇦ࡟࠾ࡅࡿࢹࣂ࢖ࢫ⩌ࢆ๰ฟࡍࡿࡇ࡜ࡀᮇᚅࡉࢀ࡚࠸ࡿࠋᮏ◊✲࡛ࡣ᪂ࡓ࡞ᶵ
⬟ᛶ㓟໬≀ࢼࣀ࣡࢖ࣖࡢྜᡂ࣭๰ᡂࢆヨࡳࡓࠋ
b) ᡂᯝ
㸯ḟඖࢼࣀ࣡࢖ࣖᵓ㐀యࢆᙧᡂࡍࡿࡓࡵ࡟ࡣࠊ⤖ᬗᡂ㛗࡟␗᪉ᛶࢆពᅗⓗ࡟ᑟධࡍࡿᚲせࡀ࠶ࡾࠊᑦ
ୟࡘࡑࡢࢧ࢖ࢬࢆཝᐦ࡟つᐃࡍࡿᚲせࡀ࠶ࡿࠋẼయ࣭ᾮయ࣭ᅛయ㸦VLS㸧཯ᛂἲࡣࠊ㔠ᒓゐ፹ࢆ௓ࡋ࡚
㸯ḟඖ༢⤖ᬗࢼࣀ࣡࢖ࣖࢆᐇ⌧ࡍࡿᡭἲ࡛࠶ࡾࠊ㏆ᖺ㠀ᖖ࡟ὀ┠ࡉࢀ࡚࠸ࡿࠋࡇࡢᡭἲ࡛ࡣࠊゐ፹ࡢࢧ
࢖ࢬࢆཝᐦ࡟つᐃࡍࡿࡇ࡜࡟ࡼࡗ࡚ᩘࢼࣀࢫࢣ࣮࡛ࣝࢼࣀ࣡࢖ࣖᚄࢆไᚚ࡛ࡁࡿ࡜࠸࠺኱ࡁ࡞฼Ⅼࡀ
࠶ࡿ࡜࡜ࡶ࡟ࠊࡑࡢ✵㛫ⓗ఩⨨ࢆไᚚࡍࡿࡇ࡜࡟ࡼࡗ࡚ࠊ௵ពࡢ఩⨨࡟ᡤᮃࡢᮦᩱࢆᙧᡂࡍࡿࡇ࡜ࡀྍ
⬟࡜࡞ࡿࠋࡇࡢࡼ࠺࡟ VLS ἲࡣ㠀ᖖ࡟⯆࿡῝࠸ᡭἲ࡛ࡣ࠶ࡿࡀࠊゐ፹࡜ࡢ┦஫స⏝࡟ࡼࡾ౑⏝ྍ⬟࡞ᮦ
ᩱ⩌ࡀ㝈ᐃࡉࢀ࡚ࡋࡲ࠺Ⅼࡀ኱ࡁ࡞ၥ㢟࡛࠶ࡗࡓࠋࡑࡇ࡛ࠊࡇࡇ࡛ࡣᶵ⬟ᛶ㓟໬≀ᮦᩱࡢ௦⾲᱁࡛࠶ࡿ
TiO2 ࢆ VLS ἲࢆ⏝࠸࡚ 1 ḟඖ༢⤖ᬗࢼࣀ࣡࢖ࣖ໬ࡍࡿࡇ࡜ࢆヨࡳࡓࠋᙧᡂ࣓࢝ࢽࢬ࣒࡟ᇶ࡙࠸ࡓタィ
ᣦ㔪࠿ࡽࠊ㔠ᒓ✀ࡢࣇࣛࢵࢡࢫ࡜㓟⣲✀ࡢࣇࣛࢵࢡࢫࢆ⊂❧࡟ไᚚࡋࡓ᪂ࡋ࠸ᡭἲ࡛ࡇࡢၥ㢟࡟ྲྀࡾ⤌
ࢇࡔࠋࡑࡢ⤖ᯝࠊᴟࡵ࡚⊃࠸࢘࢕ࣥࢻ࡛࢘ TiO2 ༢⤖ᬗࢼࣀ࣡࢖ࣖࡀᙧᡂࡉࢀ࠺ࡿࡇ࡜ࢆぢฟࡋࡓࠋࢼࣀ
࣡࢖ࣖᵓ㐀໬࡟ᡂຌࡋࡓ኱ࡁ࡞せᅉ࡜ࡋ࡚ࠊ࢝ࢳ࣭࢜ࣥ࢔ࢽ࢜ࣥ౪⤥㔞ࢆ⊃࠸⠊ᅖ࡛⢭ᐦ࡟ไᚚࡋࡓࡇ
࡜ࡀᣲࡆࡽࢀࡿࠋࡲࡓࠊศᏊືຊᏛἲࢆ⏝࠸ࡓィ⟬⤖ᯝ࡜ࡢẚ㍑࠿ࡽࠊ⵨Ẽᅽࡢప࠸㔠ᒓ✀ࡢᏑᅾࡀࢼ
ࣀ࣡࢖ࣖᵓ㐀໬ࢆጉࡆࡿ኱ࡁ࡞せᅉ࡟࡞ࡗ࡚࠸ࡿࡇ࡜ࡀ᫂ࡽ࠿࡟࡞ࡗ࡚ࡁࡓࠋࡇࡢࡼ࠺࡟ࠊᚑ᮶ᢏ⾡࡛
ࡣస〇ࡍࡿࡇ࡜ࡀᅔ㞴࡛࠶ࡗࡓ TiO2 ༢⤖ᬗࢼࣀ࣡࢖ࣖࡢ๰〇࡟ᡂຌࡋࡓࠋࡇࡢ TiO2 ༢⤖ᬗࢼࣀ࣡࢖ࣖ
࡟ࡼࡾ᪂ࡋ࠸ࢼࣀࢹࣂ࢖ࢫ࡬࡜ᒎ㛤ࡍࡿࡇ࡜ࡀྍ⬟࡜࡞ࡿࠋ
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ࢼࣀࢹࣂ࢖ࢫホ౯࣭デ᩿ศ㔝
ᅜእᐈဨᩍᤵ
A.K.M. Akther Hossain (ᖹᡂ 23 ᖺ 10 ᭶ 3 ᪥㹼ᖹᡂ 23 ᖺ 12 ᭶ 27 ᪥㸧
a) ᴫせ
㓟໬≀ࢼࣀ㉸ᵓ㐀యࢫࣆࣥࢺࣟࢽࢡࢫࢹࣂ࢖ࢫᙧᡂ࡟㛵ࡍࡿ◊✲
b) ᡂᯝ
ࢩࣜࢥࣥ࡟↓࠸ᶵ⬟ࢆ᭷ࡍࡿ࢚͆࢟ࢰࢸ࢕ࢵࢡ࣐ࢸࣜ࢔͇ࣝࠊ༶ࡕࠊእሙ(ග࣭㟁⏺㺃☢ሙ)࡟ᑐࡋᕧ࡞
≀ᛶᛂ⟅ࢆ♧ࡍ㑄⛣㔠ᒓ㓟໬≀ࢆᑐ㇟࡜ࡋࠊⷧ⭷≀㉁✚ࡳୖࡆἲ࡜⮬ᕫ⤌⧊໬ࡢ2✀㢮ࢆ⼥ྜࡋࡓ㧗ᗘ
࡞Ẽ┦ᡂ㛗࣎ࢺ࣒࢔ࢵࣉ࣭ࢼࣀࣉࣟࢭࢫ࡟ࡼࡾࠊࢼࣀࢫࢣ࣮࡛ࣝࠊᮃࡳࡢ≀㉁࣭㟁Ꮚ≧ែࡢ✵㛫ⓗ㓄⨨
࡜ḟඖᛶࢆ௵ព࡟ไᚚᙧᡂࡋᶵ⬟≀ᛶࢆ᭷ᶵⓗ࡟㐃ᦠ࣭㞟✚ࡍࡿ᪉ἲㄽ(3ḟඖࢼࣀ㉸ᵓ㐀య࢚ࣥࢪࢽ࢔
ࣜࣥࢢ)ࡢ☜❧ࢆ┠ᣦࡋ࡚࠸ࡿࠋᙜヱ◊✲ᮇ㛫࡛ࡣࠊ≉࡟ࠊ㓟໬≀ࢼࣀࢫࣆࣥࢺࣟࢽࢡࢫࢹࣂ࢖ࢫࡢᇶ
┙ᮦᩱೃ⿵࡜࡞ࡿ✀ࠎࡢ㓟໬≀☢ᛶయࡢ㟁Ẽఏᑟ࣭☢Ẽ≉ᛶࢆホ౯ࡋࠊᑗ᮶ࡢࢼࣀᵓ㐀యస〇࡬ྥࡅ࡚
ࡢ≀ᛶ≀⌮Ꮫⓗ▱ぢࢆᚓࡓࠋ
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ࢼࣀࢹࣂ࢖ࢫホ౯࣭デ᩿ศ㔝
ᐈဨᩍᤵ
㔠 ᡂ᳜ 㸦ᖹᡂ 23 ᖺ 12 ᭶ 28 ᪥㹼ᖹᡂ 24 ᖺ 2 ᭶ 28 ᪥㸧
a) ᴫせ
ග↷ᑕ࡞࡝ࡢእ㒊่⃭࡟ࡼࡗ࡚ᒁᅾ㟁Ⲵࡢศᕸࢆኚ໬ࡉࡏࡿศᏊࢫ࢖ࢵࢳࢹࣂ࢖ࢫࡣ㉸ศᏊࡢᶵ⬟
໬࡟࠾࠸࡚㔜せ࡛࠶ࡿࠋᮏ◊✲࡛ࡣ࣮ࣞࢨ࣮ග↷ᑕ࡟ࡼࡿศᏊෆᒁᅾ㟁Ⲵࡢศᕸไᚚࢆ┠ⓗ࡟᳨ウࢆ⾜
ࡗࡓࠋ≉࡟ࠊࢫ࢖ࢵࢳࣥࢢᶵ⬟ࡢ᭱㐺໬ࢆ⾜࠺ࡇ࡜ࢆ┠ⓗ࡜ࡋࠊ㟁Ꮚ⛣ື㊥㞳➼ࡢ✀ࠎࡢไᚚᅉᏊࡢ᳨
ウࢆྍ⬟࡟ࡍࡿศᏊࡢタィ࠾ࡼࡧྜᡂࢆ⾜࠸ࠊ┠ⓗ໬ྜ≀ࡢྜᡂ࡟ᡂຌࡋࡓࠋ
b) ᡂᯝ
ᮏሗ࿌⪅ࡢᚑ᮶ࡢ◊✲ࡼࡾࠊ㟁Ꮚཷᐜᛶ࡟ඃࢀࡓࢼࣇࢱࣝࢪ࢖࣑ࢻ(NDI)࡞࡝ࡢ࢖࣑ࢻ㢮ࢆ」ᩘ⤖ྜ
ࡋࡓศᏊ⣔ࡢྜᡂࢆᐇドࡋ࡚ࡁࡓࠋNDI ࡣ㑏ඖࡉࢀࡿ࡜ྍどᇦ࡟ᙉ࠸྾཰ࢆࡶࡘࡇ࡜࠿ࡽࠊ㑏ඖయࡢࣞ
࣮ࢨ࣮ບ㉳࡟ࡼࡿࣛࢪ࢝ࣝ࢔ࢽ࢜ࣥບ㉳≧ែࡢ᳨ウ࡟᭱㐺࡞ศᏊ࡜⪃࠼ࡽࢀࡿࠋࡲࡓࠊࣆ࣓ࣟࣜࢵࢺ࢖
࣑ࢻ(PI)ࡣ NDI ࡼࡾ㟁Ꮚཷᐜᛶ࡟ຎࡿࡶࡢࡢࠊ㑏ඖ࡟ࡼࡾ᫂░࡞྾཰ᖏࢆ♧ࡍࡇ࡜ࡼࡾࠊNDI ࡜ PI ࢆࣜ
࣮ࣥ࢝࡟ࡼࡗ࡚⤖ྜࡋࠊࡑࡢ㑏ඖయࢆࣇ࢙࣒ࢺ⛊࣮ࣞࢨ࣮ບ㉳ࡍࡿࡇ࡜࡛ࠊບ㉳ࣛࢪ࢝ࣝ࢔ࢽ࢜ࣥ࠿ࡽ
ࡢ㟁Ꮚ⛣ື㐣⛬ࡀ᳨ウྍ⬟࡟࡞ࡿࡶࡢ࡜ண᝿ࡉࢀࡿࠋ㧗ຠ⋡࠾ࡼࡧ㧗㏿࡞㟁Ⲵศᕸࢫ࢖ࢵࢳᶵ⬟ࢆ᭷ࡍ
ࡿศᏊࡢタィ࡟࠾࠸࡚ࠊ㟁Ⲵ⛣ືࡢ⮬⏤࢚ࢿࣝࢠ࣮ኚ໬࠾ࡼࡧᶵ⬟ᛶⰍ⣲ࢆࡘ࡞ࡄ࣮ࣜࣥ࢝ࡢไᚚࡀ㔜
せ࡞ᅉᏊ࡛࠶ࡿࡇ࡜ࡀࠊ㟁Ⲵ⛣ື⌮ㄽ࡛࠶ࡿ࣐࣮࢝ࢫ⌮ㄽࡼࡾ♧၀ࡉࢀࡿࠋࡋࡓࡀࡗ࡚ࠊᮏ◊✲࡛ࡣࠊ
ࡍ࡛࡟౑⏝ྍ⬟࡛࠶ࡿࡇ࡜ࡀᐇドࡉࢀ࡚࠸ࡿ࣮ࣜࣥ࢝࡟ຍ࠼ࠊ㊥㞳࠾ࡼࡧ LUMO ࣦ࢙ࣞࣝ౫Ꮡᛶࢆ᳨
ウྍ⬟࡟ࡍࡿศᏊ⣔ࢆタィࡋࡓࠋᐇ㝿ࠊ
ࢪ࣓ࢳࣝࣇ࢙ࢽࣝ࠾ࡼࡧࢪ࣓ࢳࣝࣅࣇ
࢙ࢽࣝࢆ࣮ࣜࣥ࢝࡜ࡋࡓ⤖ྜศᏊࡢྜ
ᡂ࡟ᡂຌࡋࡓࡇ࡜ࡼࡾࠊ௒ᚋࠊ ບ㉳
ࣛࢪ࢝ࣝ࢔ࢽ࢜ࣥ࠿ࡽࡢ㟁Ꮚ⛣ືࡢ࣓
࢝ࢽࢬ࣒➼ࡢヲ⣽ࡀ᫂ࡽ࠿࡟࡞ࡿ࡜ண
᝿ࡉࢀࡿࠋ
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ࢼࣀࢹࣂ࢖ࢫホ౯࣭デ᩿ศ㔝
ᐈဨᩍᤵ Ole Martin LØVVIK
ᖹᡂ 24 ᖺ 2 ᭶ 29 ᪥ࠥᖹᡂ 24 ᖺ 3 ᭶ 29 ᪥
a) ᴫせ
෌⏕ྍ⬟࢚ࢿࣝࢠ࣮࡬ࡢᛂ⏝ࡢほⅬ࠿ࡽ⇕㟁ኚ᥮ᮦᩱࡀὀ┠ࢆ㞟ࡵ࡚࠸ࡿࠋᚑ᮶ࡣࠊ⇕㟁ᛶ⬟ᣦᩘࡢ
኱ࡁ࡞ Pb-Te ⣔ࡸ Bi-Te ⣔ࡀ⏝࠸ࡽࢀ࡚ࡁࡓࡀ᭱㏆࡛ࡣࠊඖ⣲ᡓ␎ࡢほⅬ࠿ࡽࣘࣅ࢟ࢱࢫඖ⣲࠿ࡽ࡞ࡿ
᪂つ≀㉁ࡢ㛤Ⓨࡸ≀ᛶ㛤ᣅ࡟㛵ࡍࡿ◊✲ࡀάⓎ࡟㐍ࡵࡽࢀ࡚࠸ࡿࠋᮏ◊✲࡛ࡣࠊ⇕㟁ኚ᥮≀㉁ࡢ㟁Ꮚ≧
ែ࡟ඹ㏻ࡍࡿ≉ᚩ࠿ࡽࠊ㧗࠸⇕㟁ᛶ⬟㸦ࢮ࣮࣋ࢵࢡຠᯝࡸ࣌ࣝࢳ࢚ຠᯝ㸧ࢆ⏕ࡎࡿࡢ࡟ᚲせ࡞ᅉᏊ࡟ࡘ
࠸࡚➨୍ཎ⌮ィ⟬࡟ᇶ࡙ࡁ㆟ㄽࢆ⾜࠺ࠋࡲࡓࠊ➨୍ཎ⌮ィ⟬ᡭἲ࡟ࡼࡿ㛵㐃ࡍࡿ≀㉁⛉Ꮫศ㔝࡬ࡢᛂ⏝
ࡶ᳨ウࡍࡿࠋ
b) ᡂᯝ
࣭⇕㟁ኚ᥮≀㉁ࡢ㟁Ꮚ≧ែ࡜⇕㟁ᛶ
≀㉁୰ࡢఏᑟ࡟㛵ࡍࡿ࣎ࣝࢶ࣐ࣥ⌮ㄽ࡟ᚑ࠺࡜ࠊ㟁Ꮚࢆ࢟ࣕࣜ࢔࡜ࡍࡿ㟁Ẽఏᑟࡸ⇕㟁⬟㸦ࢮ࣮࣋ࢵ
ࢡಀᩘ㸧ࡣࣇ࢙࣑ࣝ‽఩㏆ഐࡢ㟁Ꮚ≧ែ࡟ࡼࡗ࡚Ỵᐃࡉࢀࡿࠋࡇࢀࡲ࡛ࡢ◊✲࠿ࡽࠊࢮ࣮࣋ࢵࢡಀᩘࡣ
ࣇ࢙࣑ࣝ‽఩㏆ഐ࡛ࡢ≧ែᐦᗘࡢ࢚ࢿࣝࢠ࣮ᚤศ࡟ᨭ㓄ࡉࢀ࡚࠸ࡿ࡜࠸࠺ᚤどⓗᶵᵓࡀ᫂ࡽ࠿࡟ࡉࢀ
࡚ࡁ࡚࠸ࡿࠋᮏ◊✲࡛ࡣࠊ⇕㟁⣲Ꮚࡢࢤ࣮ࢺᵓ㐀໬➼ࢆ⏝࠸࡚ࣇ࢙࣑ࣝ‽఩ࡢࢩࣇࢺࢆᐇ⌧ࡍࡿࡇ࡜࡟
ࡼࡾ㧗࠸ࢮ࣮࣋ࢵࢡಀᩘࡀⓎ⌧ࡋᚓࡿྍ⬟ᛶࡀᥦ᱌ࡉࢀࡓࠋ
࣭➨୍ཎ⌮ィ⟬ᡭἲ࡟ࡼࡿ≀㉁⛉Ꮫศ㔝࡬ࡢᛂ⏝
➨୍ཎ⌮ィ⟬ᡭἲࡣࠊࡑࡢᡭἲࡢỗ⏝ᛶ࡜㠀⤒㦂ᛶ࠿ࡽᵝࠎ࡞≀㉁࣭ᮦᩱ⣔ࡸ≀⌮⌧㇟࡬ࡢᛂ⏝ࡀྍ
⬟࡛࠶ࡿࠋࡇࡇ࡛ࡣࠊࠕỈ⣲㈓ⶶᅛయ࣭ⷧ⭷ᮦᩱࠖࠊࠕᅛయ㓟໬≀⇞ᩱ㟁ụᮦᩱࠖࠊࠕኴ㝧㟁ụᮦᩱࠖ➼࡟
ᑐࡍࡿ➨୍ཎ⌮ィ⟬ᡭἲࡢᛂ⏝࡜ࡑࡢ᭷ຠᛶ࡟ࡘ࠸࡚㆟ㄽࢆ㐍ࡵࡓࠋ
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ࢼࣀࢸࢡࣀࣟࢪ࣮⏘ᴗᛂ⏝ศ㔝
ᐈဨᩍᤵ
㔠 ᡂ᳜ 㸦ᖹᡂ 23 ᖺ 6 ᭶ 22 ᪥㹼ᖹᡂ 23 ᖺ 8 ᭶ 22 ᪥㸧
a) ᴫせ
࣎ࢺ࣒࢔ࢵࣉⓗᡭἲ࡟ࡼࡿࢼࣀ࣐ࢸࣜ࢔ࣝࡢᙧᡂ࡟࠾࠸࡚ࠊ఩⨨㑅ᢥⓗ࡞཯ᛂࡢ㛤Ⓨࡀᚲ㡲࡛࠶ࡿࠋ
ᮏ◊✲࡛ࡣࠊ࣮ࣞࢨ࣮ບ㉳ࡲࡓࡣࣃࣝࢫࣛࢪ࢜ࣜࢩࢫ࡛⏕ࡌࡓ཯ᛂ୰㛫యࢆࡉࡽ࡟࣮ࣞࢨ࣮࡛ບ㉳ࡍࡿ
ࡇ࡜࡛ࠊ✀ࠎࡢ཯ᛂ࡟ᛂ⏝ྍ⬟࡞㧗άᛶ࡞཯ᛂ୰㛫యࢆ⏕ᡂࡉࡏࡿࡇ࡜ࢆ┠ⓗ࡜ࡋ࡚࠸ࡿࠋᮏᡭἲࡣ」
ᩘࡢࣅ࣮࣒ࡀ஺ᕪࡍࡿ࡜ࡇࢁࡢࡳ࡛㠀ᖖ࡟㧗࠸཯ᛂᛶࢆ᭷ࡍࡿ཯ᛂ୰㛫యࢆ⏕ᡂࡉࡏࡿࡇ࡜ࡀ࡛ࡁࡿ
ࡓࡵࠊ఩⨨㑅ᢥᛶࡢྥୖ࡟ࡶ᭷⏝࡜⪃࠼ࡽࢀࡿࡇ࡜࠿ࡽࠊࢼࣀࢸࢡࣀࣟࢪ࣮࡬ࡢᛂ⏝ࡀᮇᚅ࡛ࡁࡿࠋ≉
࡟ᮏ◊✲࡛ࡣࣃࣝࢫࣛࢪ࢜ࣜࢩࢫ࡟ࡼࡗ࡚⏕ᡂࡍࡿࣛࢪ࢝ࣝ࢔ࢽ࢜ࣥ✀ࡢບ㉳≧ែ࠿ࡽ㐍⾜ࡍࡿ㟁Ꮚ
⛣ື཯ᛂ࡟╔┠ࡋࠊࡑࡢ᳨ウ࡟᭱㐺࡞ศᏊ⣔ࢆタィࡋࠊ᭷ᶵྜᡂ࡟ᡂຌࡋࡓࠋ
b) ᡂᯝ
ୖグࡢ◊✲┠ᶆࢆ㐩ᡂࡍࡿࡓࡵࠊᮏ◊✲࡛ࡣᶵ⬟ᛶศᏊࢆ㐺ษ࡞࣮࡛ࣜࣥ࢝」ᩘ⤖ྜࡋࡓศᏊࢆྜᡂ
ࡍࡿࡇ࡜ࢆィ⏬ࡋࡓࠋ࣮ࣜࣥ࢝ࡢ᥇⏝ࡣࠊࣆࢥ⛊࠶ࡿ࠸ࡣࡑࢀ௨ୗ࡜㠀ᖖ࡟▷ᑑ࿨࡛࠶ࡿ࡜ண᝿ࡉࢀࡿ
ࣛࢪ࢝ࣝ࢔ࢽ࢜ࣥບ㉳≧ែ࠿ࡽࡢ཯ᛂࢆຠ⋡ⓗ࡟㐍⾜ࡉࡏࡿࡇ࡜࡟᭷ຠ࡞ࡓࡵ࡛࠶ࡿࠋࡉࡽ࡟ࠊᶵ⬟ᛶ
ศᏊ࡜ࡋ࡚ࡣ୍㟁Ꮚ㑏ඖ࡟ࡼࡾ࣮ࣞࢨ࣮ບ㉳ࡀᐜ᫆࡞ྍどᇦ࡟᫂░࡞྾཰ࢆᣢࡘࡇ࡜ࠊࡉࡽ࡟ບ㉳≧ែ
ࡀ㧗࠸㑏ඖ㟁఩ࢆ᭷ࡍࡿࡇ࡜࡞࡝ࢆ⪃៖ࡋ࡚ࠊ࢖࣑ࢻ㢮ࢆ㑅ᢥࡋࡓࠋࡲࡓࠊ࣮ࣜࣥ࢝࡜ࡋ࡚ࡣࣇ࢙ࢽࣝ
ࢆ⏝࠸ࡿࡇ࡜࡛ࠊ࢖࣑ࢻ㢮㛫ࡢ▷㊥㞳໬࠾ࡼࡧࢥࣥࣇ࢛࣐࣮ࡢῶᑡࢆᅗࡗࡓࠋ
ᙜึࠊp-ࢪ࢔࣑ࣀ࣋ࣥࢮࣥࡢ࢔࣑ࣀᇶ࡟㡰ḟ⤖ྜࢆ⏕ᡂࡍࡿࡇ࡜࡛ࠊࣇ࢙ࢽࣝࡢ p-఩࡟࢖࣑ࢻ㢮ࢆ⤖
ྜࡋࡓศᏊࢆྜᡂࡍࡿࡇ࡜ࢆヨࡳࡓࡀࠊ࢖࣑ࢻ㢮ࡢ㟁Ꮚ྾ᘬᛶࡢ㧗ࡉࡢࡓࡵࠊ∦᪉ࡢ࢖࣑ࢻ㢮ࢆ⤖ྜࡋ
ࡓẁ㝵࡛཯ᛂᛶࡀపୗࡋࠊ஧✀ࡢ࢖࣑ࢻࢆ⤖ྜࡍࡿࡇ࡜ࡀ୙ྍ⬟࡛࠶ࡿࡇ࡜ࡀࢃ࠿ࡗࡓࠋm-ࢪ࢔࣑ࣀ࣋
ࣥࢮࣥࢆ⏝࠸ࠊ㡰ḟ⤖ྜ⏕ᡂࢆヨࡳࡓ࡜
ࡇࢁࠊࣇ࢙ࢽࣝࡢ m-఩࡟࢖࣑ࢻ㢮ࢆ⤖ྜ
ࡋࡓศᏊ(ྑᅗ)ࢆྜᡂࡍࡿࡇ࡜࡟ᡂຌࡋ
ࡓࠋᮏ໬ྜ≀ࡢྜᡂ࡟ᡂຌࡋࡓࡇ࡜࡟ࡼ
ࡾࠊ௒ᚋࠊ࣐ࣝࢳ࣮ࣞࢨ࣮ບ㉳࡟ࡼࡿ㧗
άᛶ཯ᛂ୰㛫యࡢ᳨ウࢆ⾜࠺ணᐃ࡛࠶
ࡿࠋ
― 122 ―
ࢼࣀࢸࢡࣀࣟࢪ࣮⏘ᴗᛂ⏝ศ㔝
ᐈဨ෸ᩍᤵ
Hao Du 㸦ᖹᡂ 23 ᖺ 10 ᭶ 1 ᪥㹼ᖹᡂ 23 ᖺ 12 ᭶ 30 ᪥㸧
a) ᴫせ
୍᪉ྥ࡟ఙࡧࡓ෇ᰕ≧ࡢẼᏍࢆ᭷ࡍࡿ࣮ࣟࢱࢫᆺ࣏࣮ࣛࢫ㔠ᒓࡢຊᏛ≉ᛶࢆྥୖࡉࡏࡿࡓࡵࡢ⾲㠃
ฎ⌮࡟ᑐࡋ࡚◊✲ࢆ⾜ࡗࡓࠋࡲࡎࠊẼᏍࡢෆቨ඲య࡟㔠ᒓࡶࡋࡃࡣࢭ࣑ࣛࢵࢡࢫࢆᆒ㉁࡟ࢥ࣮ࢸ࢕ࣥࢢ
ࡍࡿ᪉ἲ࡟ᑐࡋ࡚ࠊ᳨ウࢆ⾜ࡗࡓࠋࡑࡢᚋࠊ࣏࣮ࣛࢫ㔠ᒓࡢẼᏍࡢ⾲㠃࡬ࡢࢥ࣮ࢸ࢕ࣥࢢ࡜࣏࣮ࣛࢫ㔠
ᒓࡢẕᮦ㔠ᒓ࡜ࡢྜ㔠໬࠾ࡼࡧࢥ࣮ࢸ࢕ࣥࢢᒙࡢຊᏛ≉ᛶ࡬ࡢᙳ㡪࡟ᑐࡋ࡚◊✲ࢆ⾜ࡗࡓࠋ
b) ᡂᯝ
ẼᏍᚄ⣙ 0.6 mm ࡛ẼᏍࡢ㛗ࡉࢆ 6 mm ࡜ࡍࡿ࣮ࣟࢱࢫᆺ࣏࣮ࣛࢫ㖡ࡢẼᏍࡢෆቨ࡟ᑐࡋ࡚࢚ࣞࢡࢺࣟ
ࣉ࣮ࣞࢸ࢕ࣥࢢἲࢆ⏝࠸࡚ Ni ࢆࢥ࣮ࢸ࢕ࣥࢢࡋࡓࠋFig. 1 ࡟ Ni ࢆࢥ࣮ࢸ࢕ࣥࢢࡋࡓ࣮ࣟࢱࢫᆺ࣏࣮ࣛ
ࢫ㖡ࡢẼᏍࡢ㛗ᡭ᪉ྥ࡟ᖹ⾜࡞᩿㠃ࡢගᏛ㢧ᚤ㙾ほᐹ෗┿ࢆ♧ࡍࠋࢥ࣮ࢸ࢕ࣥࢢࡋࡓ Ni ᒙ࡟ᑐࡋ࡚ࠊ
ࢥ࣮ࢸ࢕ࣥࢢᒙࡢཌࡉࠊẼᏍࡢ㛗ࡉ᪉ྥ࡛ࡢཌࡉࡢࡤࡽࡘࡁ࠾ࡼࡧࢥ࣮ࢸ࢕ࣥࢢᒙࡢᐦ╔ᛶࡢホ౯ࢆ⾜
ࡗࡓࠋࡑࡢ⤖ᯝࠊࢥ࣮ࢸ࢕ࣥࢢᒙࡢཌࡉࡣẼᏍࡢ㛗ᡭ᪉ྥ࡟ᑐࡋ࡚ᆒ୍࡛࠶ࡾࠊࡑࡢẼᏍෆቨ࡛ࡢཌࡉ
ࡣ 3 - 5 Pm ࡛࠶ࡿࡇ࡜ࡀ᫂࠿࡜࡞ࡗࡓࠋࡲࡓࠊࢥ࣮ࢸ࢕ࣥࢢᒙࡢẼᏍෆቨ࡬ࡢᐦ╔ᛶࡣ࣮ࣟࢱࢫᆺ࣏࣮
ࣛࢫ㖡ࢆ 80㸣ᅽ⦰ࡋࡓሙྜ࡟࠾࠸࡚ࡶⰋዲ࡛࠶ࡿࡇ࡜ࡀ᫂࠿࡜࡞ࡗࡓࠋ
ẼᏍࡢෆቨ࡟ Ni ࢆࢥ࣮ࢸ࢕ࣥࢢࡋࡓ࣮ࣟࢱࢫᆺ࣏࣮ࣛࢫ㖡ࡢᅽ⦰≉ᛶࢆ Instron ୓⬟ヨ㦂ᶵࢆ⏝࠸࡚
ㄪ࡭ࡓࠋࡑࡢ⤖ᯝࠊFig. 2 ࡟♧ࡍࡼ࠺࡟ as-deposited ࡢ≧ែ࡛ࠊ0.2%⪏ຊࡣ 22.3 MPa ࠿ࡽ 30.2 MPa ࡟ቑ
ຍࡍࡿࡇ࡜ࡀ᫂࠿࡜࡞ࡗࡓࠋࡲࡓࠊᅽ⦰̿ᛂຊࡦࡎࡳ᭤⥺࠿ࡽࠊ༢఩య✚ᙜࡓࡾࡢ྾཰࢚ࢿࣝࢠ࣮ࢆ⟬
ฟࡋࡓ⤖ᯝࠊࢥ࣮ࢸ࢕ࣥࢢ࡟ࡼࡗ࡚྾཰࢚ࢿࣝࢠ࣮ࡀ 68.5 MJ/m3 ࠿ࡽ 96.0MJ/m3 ࡟ቑຍࡍࡿࡇ࡜ࡀ᫂
࠿࡜࡞ࡗࡓࠋࡇࡢࡼ࠺࡞ࠊᅽ⦰≉ᛶࡢྥୖࡣࠊNi ࢥ࣮ࢸ࢕ࣥࢢᒙ࡟ࡼࡿẼᏍ⾲㠃࡛ࡢ㖡ẕᮦࡢࡍ࡭ࡾኚ
ᙧࡢᢚไຠᯝ࡛࠶ࡿ࡜᥎ᐹࡉࢀࡿࠋࡉࡽ࡟ࠊNi ࢥ࣮ࢸ࢕ࣥࢢࢆ᪋ࡋࡓ࣮ࣟࢱࢫᆺ࣏࣮ࣛࢫ㖡ࢆ 873 K ࠾
ࡼࡧ 1023 K ࡛࢔ࢽ࣮ࣝࡋࡓ⤖ᯝࠊ୧᮲௳࡟࠾࠸࡚ࢥ࣮ࢸ࢕ࣥࢢ๓ࡼࡾᙉᗘࡀྥୖࡍࡿࡇ࡜ࡀ᫂࠿࡜࡞
ࡗࡓࠋ
Lotus-type porous copper
Lotus-type porous copper deposited with Ni coating
34
0.2% off yield stress, MPa
32
30
28
26
24
22
20
18
16
as deposited
Fig. 1 Ni ࢆ⾲㠃࡟ࢥ࣮ࢸ࢕ࣥࢢࡋࡓ࣮ࣟࢱ
ࢫᆺ࣏࣮ࣛࢫ㖡ࡢẼᏍ࡟ᖹ⾜࡞᩿㠃ࡢගᏛ
㢧ᚤ㙾ほᐹ෗┿ࠋ
annealed at
873 K
annealed at
1073 K
Fig. 2 Ni ࢆ⾲㠃࡟ࢥ࣮ࢸ࢕ࣥࢢࡋࡓ࣮ࣟࢱ
ࢫᆺ࣏࣮ࣛࢫ㖡 0.2%⪏ຊࠋ
― 123 ―
ࢼࣀࢸࢡࣀࣟࢪ࣮⏘ᴗᛂ⏝ศ㔝
ᐈဨᩍᤵ
᪉ ᬡᮾ㸦ᖹᡂ 24 ᖺ 1 ᭶ 20 ᪥㹼ᖹᡂ 24 ᖺ 2 ᭶ 20 ᪥㸧
a) ᴫせ
⮬ᕫ㞟ྜⓗ࡟ᙧᡂࡉࢀࡿ↓ᶵࢼࣀ࣡࢖ࣖᵓ㐀ࡣᚤ⣽ຍᕤ㝈⏺ࢆ෽㥙ࡍࡿࢼࣀࢸࢡࣀࣟࢪ࣮⏘ᴗᛂ⏝
࡬࡜ᮇᚅࡉࢀ࡚࠸ࡿࠋࡋ࠿ࡋ࡞ࡀࡽࠊࡑࡢᵓ㐀࣭≀ᛶ࣭ᶵ⬟ࡢ⤫ィศᩓࢆᢚไࡍࡿࡇ࡜ࡣࡇࢀࡽࢆ⏘ᴗ
ᛂ⏝࡬࡜ᒎ㛤ࡍࡿ࠺࠼࡛࣎ࢺࣝࢿࢵࢡࡢㄢ㢟࡜࡞ࡗ࡚࠸ࡿࠋࡑࡇ࡛ࠊᮏ◊✲࡛ࡣཎ⌮ⓗ࡟ࡑࡢ⤫ィศᩓ
ࢆไᚚࡍࡿᡭἲࢆᥦ᱌ࡋࠊࡑࡢᐇドࢆヨࡳࡓࠋ
b) ᡂᯝ
Ẽయ࣭ᾮయ࣭ᅛయ㸦㹔㹊㹑㸧཯ᛂἲࡣࠊ㔠ᒓゐ፹ࢆ௓ࡋ࡚㸯ḟඖ༢⤖ᬗࢼࣀ࣡࢖ࣖࢆᐇ⌧ࡍࡿᡭἲ࡛
࠶ࡾࠊ㏆ᖺ㠀ᖖ࡟ὀ┠ࡉࢀ࡚࠸ࡿࠋࡇࡢᡭἲ࡛ࡣࠊゐ፹ࡢࢧ࢖ࢬࢆཝᐦ࡟つᐃࡍࡿࡇ࡜࡟ࡼࡗ࡚ᩘࢼࣀ
ࢫࢣ࣮࡛ࣝࢼࣀ࣡࢖ࣖᚄࢆไᚚ࡛ࡁࡿ࡜࠸࠺኱ࡁ࡞฼Ⅼࡀ࠶ࡿ࡜࡜ࡶ࡟ࠊࡑࡢ✵㛫ⓗ఩⨨ࢆไᚚࡍࡿࡇ
࡜࡟ࡼࡗ࡚ࠊ௵ពࡢ఩⨨࡟ᡤᮃࡢᮦᩱࢆᙧᡂࡍࡿࡇ࡜ࡀྍ⬟࡜࡞ࡿࠋࡇࡢࡼ࠺࡟㹔㹊㹑ἲࡣ㠀ᖖ࡟⯆࿡
῝࠸ᡭἲ࡛ࡣ࠶ࡿࡀࠊࡑࡢ㔠ᒓゐ፹ࡢࢧ࢖ࢬศᕸࡀ┤᥋ⓗ࡟ᙧᡂࡉࢀࡿࢼࣀ࣡࢖ࣖᚄࡢศᕸ࡬࡜཯ᫎࡋ
࡚ࡋࡲ࠺࡜࠸࠺ၥ㢟Ⅼࢆᢪ࠼࡚࠸ࡿࠋࡑࡇ࡛ࠊࡇࡇ࡛ࡣࡑࡢ㔠ᒓゐ፹ࢧ࢖ࢬࢆ኱㠃✚࡛ᑦୟࡘ༢ศᩓᛶ
ࢆ᭷ࡍࡿᡭἲ࡬࡜ᒎ㛤ྍ⬟࡞㝧ᴟ㓟໬࢔࣑ࣝࢼ⭷ࢆ⏝࠸ࡓ᪂ࡓ࡞ᡭἲࢆᥦ᱌ࡋࡓࠋࡇࡢᡭἲ࡛ࡣࠊ200
ࢼࣀ࣓࣮ࢺࣝ௨ୗ࡟ไᚚࡉࢀࡓᴟ࣓ⷧࣥࣈࣞࣥ⭷ࢆ௓ࡋࡓ㔠ᒓゐ፹ᙧᡂࣉࣟࢭࢫ࡟ࡼࡾࠊ኱㠃✚࡟༢ศ
ᩓࡢ㔠ᒓゐ፹ࡀ฼⏝ྍ⬟࡜࡞ࡿࠋୗࡢᅗ࡟ࡣࡑࡢീࢆ♧ࡋࡓࠋᮏᡭἲࢆ⏝࠸ࡿࡇ࡜࡛ᚑ᮶ࡣၥ㢟࡛࠶ࡗ
ࡓ⤫ィศᩓࢆ๻ⓗ࡟ᢚไࡍࡿࡇ࡜ࡀྍ⬟࡜࡞ࡗࡓࠋ
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ࢼࣀࢸࢡࣀࣟࢪ࣮⏘ᴗᛂ⏝ศ㔝
ᐈဨᩍᤵ
㔠 ☒ᆂ 㸦ᖹᡂ 24 ᖺ 2 ᭶ 21 ᪥㹼ᖹᡂ 24 ᖺ 6 ᭶ 29 ᪥㸧
a) ᴫせ
DNA ෆࡢ㛗㊥㞳㟁Ⲵ⛣ືࡢ◊✲ࡣࠊ⏕་Ꮫⓗ࡞ᛂ⏝࠿ࡽ㓝⣲ࢶ࣮ࣝenzymatic toolsࡸࢼࣀࢫࢣ࣮ࣝ
ࡢࣂ࢖࢜ࢭࣥࢧ࣮ࡢࡼ࠺࡞ࢼࣀࢹࣂ࢖ࢫࡢ㛤Ⓨ࡟✚ᴟⓗ࡟ᛂ⏝ࡍࡿࡓࡵάⓎ࡟⾜ࢃࢀ࡚ࡁࡓࠋࡋ࠿ࡋࠊ
୍⯡ⓗ࡞ DNA ࡢ஧㔜ࡽࡏࢇᵓ㐀࡛ࡣ࡞ࡃࠊ≉ᐃࡢሷᇶ㓄ิ࠿ࡽᙧᡂࡉࢀࡓ୕㔜ࡽࡏࢇࠊDNA ࡢᅄ㔜యࠊ
ᕥᕳࡁ Z-DNA ࡢࡼ࠺࡞ non-B DNA ࡢ㟁Ⲵ⛣ື࡟ࡓ࠸ࡍࡿ◊✲ሗ࿌ࡣ㠀ᖖ࡟⌋ࡋ࠸ࠋᮏ◊✲࡛ࡣࠊnon-B
DNA ࡢ௦⾲ⓗ࡞ᵓ㐀ࡢ୍ࡘ࡛࠶ࡿ G-quadruplex ࡛ࡢ㞳㟁Ⲵ⛣ືࡢࢲ࢖ࢼ࣑ࢡࢫࢆ◊✲ࡍࡿࠋ
b) ᡂᯝ
G-ᅄ㔜య DNA ࡢ㟁Ꮚ⛣ືࢆ◊✲ࡍࡿࡓࡵࠊࡲࡎ Gᅄ㔜య DNA ࢆᙧᡂࡍࡿ DNA ሷᇶ㓄ิࡢ୍㒊࡛
࠶ࡿ GGTT 㓄ิ࡟㟁Ꮚ౪୚య࡜㟁Ꮚཷᐜయ࡜ࡋ࡚ࡑࢀࡒࢀ riboflavin(F)࡜ NI㸦5-nitroindole㸧ࢆ⤖ྜ
F-5c-GG-NI-T-3cࡉࡏࡓᚋࠊriboflavin ࡢ⺯ගᙉᗘࡢኚ໬ࢆほᐹࡋࡓ⤖ᯝࠊriboflavin ࡢ⺯ගᙉᗘࡀ኱ࡁࡃ
ῶᑡࡋࠊ⺯ගᑑ࿨ࡶ▷ࡃ࡞ࡿࡇ࡜ࡀほᐹࡉࢀࡓࠋࡇࢀࡣࠊF-5c-GG-NI-T-3c」ྜయࡢ F ࡢບ㉳≧ែ࠿ࡽ DNA
࡬ࡢ㟁Ꮚ⛣ືᾘගࡀ㉳ࡇࡗ࡚࠸ࡿࡇ࡜ࡀ♧၀ࡉࢀࠊ⌧ᅾࠊࡑࡢヲ⣽ࢆ᳨ウࡋ࡚࠸ࡿࠋ
― 125 ―
[ 附 3 ] 共通施設、技術室、事務部の組織と活動
࣮࢜ࣉࣥࣛ࣎ࣛࢺ࣮ࣜ
ᩍᤵ㸦ව௵㸧
≉௵◊✲ဨ
≉௵஦ົ⫋ဨ
➲஭ ᏹ᫂
ἲ⃝ බᐶ
኱ᶫ ె௦Ꮚ
a) ᴫせ
࣮࢜ࣉࣥࣛ࣎ࣛࢺ࣮ࣜࡣࠊ≀㉁࣭ᮦᩱࡸࢹࣂ࢖ࢫࢆᑐ㇟࡜ࡋࡓࢼࣀࢸࢡࣀࣟࢪ࣮ࡢ⛉Ꮫᢏ⾡Ⓨᒎࡢᇶ
┙࡜࡞ࡿ࡭ࡁࠊ⊂๰ⓗࠊඛ㐍ⓗ࡞Ꮫ⾡◊✲ࡢ᥎㐍ࢆ┠ⓗ࡜ࡋࡓ⥲ྜⓗ◊✲࡟฼⏝ࡍࡿࡶࡢ࡜ࡍࡿࠋ⏘ᴗ
⛉Ꮫࢼࣀࢸࢡࣀࣟࢪ࣮ࢭࣥࢱ࣮ࡢᏛෆව௵ᩍဨཬࡧᐈဨᩍဨ୪ࡧ࡟⏘ᴗ⛉Ꮫ◊✲ᡤ࡟ᒓࡍࡿ◊✲⪅ࢢ
࣮ࣝࣉཬࡧ኱㜰኱Ꮫࡢࢼࣀࢸࢡࣀࣟࢪ࣮◊✲⪅ࡢࢢ࣮ࣝࣉ࡟฼⏝㈨᱁ࡀ࠶ࡿࠋ
b) ᡂᯝ
2004 ᖺᗘࡼࡾ᪂つ฼⏝⪅ࡢເ㞟ࢆࡋࠊ2011 ᖺᗘࡣ௨ୗ࡟♧ࡍ 12 ࡢ◊✲௦⾲⪅ࡼࡾ฼⏝ࡀ࠶ࡗࡓࠋ
◊✲௦⾲⪅
ఀᮾ୍Ⰻ ᩍᤵ
᳃ຬ௓ ᩍᤵ
⚟஭ᕼ୍ ᩍᤵ
ᒣᮏᏕኵ ᩍᤵ
ᒣᓮ⩏ග ᣍ⪸ᩍᤵ
᳃༤ኴ㑻 ᩍᤵ
ᡤᒓ
ᕤᏛ◊✲⛉
ᕤᏛ◊✲⛉
ᕤᏛ◊✲⛉
ᕤᏛ◊✲⛉
་Ꮫ⣔◊✲⛉
㉸㧗ᅽ㟁Ꮚ㢧ᚤ㙾ࢭࣥࢱ࣮
◊✲௦⾲⪅
ᕝྜ▱஧ ≉௵ᩍᤵ
ᑠᯘග ᩍᤵ
⏣ᕝ⢭୍ ≉௵ᩍᤵ
➉⏣⢭἞ ᩍᤵ
➉㇂⣧୍ ᩍᤵ
ᯇᮏ࿴ᙪ ᩍᤵ
― 129 ―
ᡤᒓ
⏘ᴗ⛉Ꮫ◊✲ᡤ
⏘ᴗ⛉Ꮫ◊✲ᡤ
⏘ᴗ⛉Ꮫ◊✲ᡤ
⏘ᴗ⛉Ꮫ◊✲ᡤ
⏘ᴗ⛉Ꮫ◊✲ᡤ
⏘ᴗ⛉Ꮫ◊✲ᡤ
ࢼࣀຍᕤᐊ
ᐊ㛗
ᢏ⾡⫋ဨ
⏣୰ ⚽࿴
ᴬཎ ୍᪼ࠊ㇂⏿ බ᫛
a) ᴫせ
ࢼࣀຍᕤᐊࡣࠊ⏘◊ࡢ᭷ࡍࡿྛ✀ࢼࣀຍᕤ⿦⨨࠾ࡼࡧࢼࣀຍᕤᢏ⾡ࢆ┦஫࡟᭷ຠά⏝ࡋࠊྛศ㔝ࡢ◊
✲ࡢ᥎㐍ࢆᅗࡿࡇ࡜ࢆ┠ⓗ࡜ࡋ࡚࠸ࡿࠋᚤ⣽ຍᕤࡢᢏ⾡௦⾜ࡢ࡯࠿ࠊᚤ⣽ຍᕤࡢᛂ⏝࡟㛵ᚰࢆᣢࡘ◊✲
⪅࡟ࢹࣂ࢖ࢫࡢ㛤Ⓨ࣭ᥦ౪ࢆ⾜ࡗ࡚࠸ࡿࠋ
b) άືෆᐜ
౫㢗ඛ
౫㢗ඛ
౫㢗௳ᩘ
ᖺᗘ
ᅗ㸯 ᖺⓎ㊊௨᮶ࡢάືᒚṔ
࣭ᅜ㝿ࢼࣀࢸࢡࣀࣟࢪ࣮⥲ྜᒎࡢཧຍ
2012 ᖺ 2 ᭶ 15 ᪥㹼17 ᪥࡟ᮾி࡛⾜ࢃࢀࡓ
nanotech2012 ࡟⏘◊ࢼࣀࢸࢡࣀࣟࢪ࣮ࢭࣥࢱ࣮ࡢ
୍ဨ࡜ࡋ࡚ཧຍࡋࡓࠋάືෆᐜࢆࢩࣥࣉࣝ࡟ࡲ࡜
ࡵࡓࣃࢿࣝࡢᒎ♧࡜ࠊࢩࣜࢥࣥⷧ⭷ࡸ࣍ࣟࢢ࣒ࣛ
ࢆᒎ♧࣭ᐇ₇ࡋ࡚ࡁࡓࠋ
ᅗ㸰 ࢩࣜࢥࣥ㓟໬⭷ᾋᵓ㐀
― 130 ―
౫㢗௳ᩘ
࣭ຍᕤ౫㢗
2011 ᖺᗘࡣ᪂ࡋ࠸సᴗ⎔ቃࢆ➨஧◊✲Ჷ࡟タࡅࠊ
ࢼࣀࢸࢡඛ➃ᶵჾᐊࡢ⿦⨨ࡶ฼⏝ࡍࡿࡇ࡜࡟࡞ࡗ
ࡓࠋ౫㢗≧ἣ࡜ࡋ࡚ࠊ10 ◊✲ᐊ࠿ࡽ 62 ௳ࡢຍᕤ౫
㢗ࡀ࠶ࡗࡓࠋ2005 ᖺⓎ㊊௨᮶ࡢ౫㢗ඛ࡜౫㢗௳ᩘ
ࡢ᥎⛣ࢆᅗ 1 ࡟♧ࡋࡓࠋᇶᮏⓗ࡟౫㢗ඛ࣭౫㢗௳
ᩘ࡜ࡶ㣬࿴ࡋ࡚ࡁ࡚࠸ࡿࡀࠊ᫖ᖺᗘ㢖⦾࡟౫㢗ࡢ
࠶ࡗࡓ◊✲ᐊ࠿ࡽࡢ౫㢗ࡀ↓ࡃ࡞ࡗࡓࡓࡵࠊ౫㢗
௳ᩘࡀ 38%ῶ࡟࡞ࡗ࡚࠸ࡿࠋ
᪂ࡋ࠸ຍᕤࡢヨࡳ࡜ࡋ࡚ࡣࠊ᪂ࡓ࡟ᑟධࡋࡓ SF6
࢞ࢫࢆ⏝࠸ࡓࢩࣜࢥࣥࡢ➼᪉ⓗ࢚ࢵࢳࣥࢢࢆ⾜ࡗ
ࡓࠋSF6 ࡢ㑅ᢥᛶࢆ฼⏝ࡋࠊࢩࣜࢥࣥ㓟໬⭷ࢆṧࡋ
࡚ࠊୗᆅࡢࢩࣜࢥࣥࡀ↓ࡃ࡞ࡗ࡚࠸ࡿᵓ㐀ࢆస〇
ࡋࡓࠋࢧࣥࣉࣝࡢ㟁㢧ീࢆᅗ 2 ࡟♧ࡋࡓࠋ
ࢼࣀࢸࢡඛ➃ᶵჾᐊ
ᐊ㛗㸦ව௵㸧ᩍᤵ
⏣୰ ⚽࿴
≉௵ᢏ⾡⫋ဨ
బஂ㛫 ⨾ᬛᏊ
a) ᴫせ
ࢼࣀࢸࢡඛ➃ᶵჾᐊࡣࠊࢼࣀࢸࢡࣀࣟࢪ࣮࡟≉໬ࡋࡓ᭱ඛ➃ᶵჾࢆタ⨨ࡋࠊࢼࣀࢸࢡࣀࣟࢪ࣮◊✲ࢆᡓ
␎ⓗ࡟Ⓨᒎࡉࡏࡿࡓࡵ࡟ࠊࢼࣀࢸࢡࣀࣟࢪ࣮ࢭࣥࢱ࣮ࡢᨵ⤌ᣑ඘࡟క࠸ 2009 ᖺᗘ࡟Ⓨ㊊ࡋࡓࠋᴟᚤ⣽
࡞ࢼࣀࢹࣂ࢖ࢫᵓ㐀ࢆᙧᡂ࡛ࡁࡿ㟁Ꮚ⥺㟢ග⿦⨨ࢆ⏝࠸ࡓ㉸ᚤ⣽ຍᕤࢩࢫࢸ࣒ࡀタ⨨ࡉࢀ࡚࠾ࡾࠊ௒ᖺ
ᗘࡉࡽ࡟ࠊࢼࣀࢹࣂ࢖ࢫຍᕤ⿦⨨⩌ࠊࢼࣀࢹࣂ࢖ࢫᵓ㐀ホ౯⿦⨨⩌ࠊࢼࣀࢹࣂ࢖ࢫᶵ⬟ホ౯⿦⨨⩌࠿ࡽ
࡞ࡿࢼࣀࢹࣂ࢖ࢫ㉸⢭ᐦຍᕤ࣭≀ᛶホ౯ࢩࢫࢸ࣒ࡀᑟධࡉࢀࠊ↓ᶵ≀ࠊ㔠ᒓ㓟໬≀ࠊ᭷ᶵ≀ࠊ⏕య㛵㐃
≀㉁➼ࡢከᵝ࡞ᮦᩱࡢࢼࣀᵓ㐀ᙧᡂ࠾ࡼࡧᵓ㐀࣭ᶵ⬟࣭㟁Ꮚ≉ᛶ➼ࡢ㧗⢭ᗘゎᯒ࠾ࡼࡧホ౯ࡀྍ⬟࡜࡞
ࡿࠋࡇࢀࡽඛ➃⿦⨨⩌࡟ࡼࡾ㐃ᦠࡋࡓࢼࣀࢸࢡࣀࣟࢪ࣮◊✲ࡢⓎᒎⓗ᥎㐍ࢆྍ⬟࡜ࡋࠊࡉࡽ࡟ࡑࡢᡂᯝ
ࢆᬑཬࡉࡏࡿࡇ࡜ࢆ┠ᣦࡋ࡚࠸ࡿࠋ
b) ᡂᯝ
ྑࡢࢢࣛࣇࡣඛ➃ᶵჾᐊࡢ⿦⨨ูࡢ౑⏝≧ἣࢆ
ࡲ࡜ࡵࡓࡶࡢ࡛฼⏝⥲ᩘࡣ 961 ௳ࠊ
๓ᖺ࡜ẚ㍑ࡍࡿ
࡜ 328 ௳ቑຍࡋ࡚࠸ࡿࠋ
≉࡟㞟᮰࢖࢜ࣥࣅ࣮࣒ࠊࢼࣀ࢖ࣥࣉࣜࣥࢺࠊLED
ᥥ⏬⿦⨨࡜࠸ࡗࡓᚤ⣽ຍᕤ⿦⨨ࡀከࡃ฼⏝ࡉࢀ࡚
࠸ࡿࡀࠊࡑࡢ௚ࡢゎᯒ⿦⨨ࡢ฼⏝ࡶቑ࠼࡚ࡁ࡚࠸ࡿࠋ
ᅗ㸯 ࣟࢦ࣐࣮ࢡ㸦㹋㹑᫂ᮅ SW㸧
― 131 ―
㒋ᄢⶄวᯏ⢻࠽ࡁࡈࠔ࠙ࡦ࠳࡝
ਥછ㧔౗છ㧕․છᢎ᝼
Ꮉว ⍮ੑ
․છᢎ᝼㧔౗છ㧕
↰Ꮉ ♖৻‫ޔ‬᫪ ඳᄥ㇢
ᢎ᝼㧔౗છ㧕
↰ਛ ⑲๺‫⧷ ↰଻ޔ‬ᵗ
․છ⎇ⓥຬ㧔ቴຬಎᢎ᝼㧕ᄢፉ ᣿ඳ
․છ⎇ⓥຬ
ർፉ ᓆ
․છ⎇ⓥຬ
ࠦࡦ ࠢ࡯ ࠺ࠖࡦ㧔ᐔᚑ 24 ᐕ 1 ᦬ 31 ᣣㅌ⡯㧕
ᵷ㆜⡯ຬ
ᨰୖ ⟤♿
ᵷ㆜⡯ຬ
ᮘญ ብੑ
ᵷ㆜⡯ຬ
࿧⷗ ᕺሶ
a) ᭎ⷐ
ᢥㇱ⑼ቇ⋭ߦࠃࠆ‫ޟ‬వ┵⎇ⓥᣉ⸳౒↪ࠗࡁࡌ࡯࡚ࠪࡦഃ಴੐ᬺ‫ޤࠢ࡯ࡢ࠻࠶ࡀ࡮࡯ࠫࡠࡁࠢ࠹ࡁ࠽ޣ‬
㧔એᓟ̌࠽ࡁࡀ࠶࠻੐ᬺ̍ߣ⇛ߔ㧕‫ޔߪޠ‬ᄢ߈ߥᦼᓙ߇߆߆ࠆ⌀ߦᣂߒ޿࠽ࡁ᧚ᢱ߿࠽ࡁ࠺ࡃࠗࠬ╬ߩ
ഃ಴ߦ⽸₂ߒ‫ޔߚ߹ޔ‬࿾ၞߩડᬺ߿⎇ⓥᯏ㑐ߣߩ᦭ᯏ⊛ߥㅪ៤╬ࠍᷓ߼ࠆߎߣࠍ⋡⊛ߣߔࠆ‫ࡀࡁ࠽ᧄޕ‬
࠶࠻੐ᬺߦෳ↹ߔࠆᄢ㒋ᄢቇ㧔એᓟ̌ᒰᯏ㑐̍ߣ⇛ߔ㧕ߪ‫ޔ‬ᒰᯏ㑐߇଻᦭ߔࠆಽሶ߿⭯⤑ߩวᚑߣ⿥ᓸ
⚦ടᎿ‫⸘ࡁ࠽ޔ‬᷹߿ಽᨆߩ 3 ߟߩ⎇ⓥ㗔ၞ࡮ᯏ⢻ࠍⶄวൻߐߖ‫࡯ࠫ࠽ࠪޔ‬ലᨐࠍ⊒ើߒ‫ࠬ࠮ࡠࡊࡁ࠽ޔ‬
߿࠽ࡁ᭴ㅧ࡮ᯏ⢻ߩ⸃ᨆߦᔅⷐߥᣉ⸳࡮ⵝ⟎࡮ᛛⴚ╬ߩឭଏߦࠃࠆ✚ว⊛ߥ⎇ⓥᡰេࠍⴕ߁ߣߣ߽ߦ‫ޔ‬
వ┵ⵝ⟎࡮ᣉ⸳ߣߒߡߩᯏ⢻ߛߌߢߥߊ‫᧚ੱޔ‬⢒ᚑ߿ࠗࡁࡌ࡯࡚ࠪࡦഃ಴ߩᩭߣߥࠆ⎇ⓥᛛⴚ࠮ࡦ࠲࡯
⊛ᯏ⢻ࠍᨐߚߒߡ޿ࠆ‫ޕ‬
࠽ࡁࡀ࠶࠻੐ᬺߦࠃࠆ᜚ὐߪో࿖ߦ 13 ▎ᚲ޽ࠅ‫ ⸘ޔ‬26 ᯏ㑐߇᦭ᯏ⊛ߦෳ↹ߔࠆࠣ࡞࡯ࡊࠍ᭴ᚑߒߡ
޿ࠆ‫߇ࡊ࡯࡞ࠣߩࠇߙࠇߘޕ‬Ԙಽሶ࡮‛⾰วᚑ‫ޔ‬ԙ⿥ᓸ⚦ടᎿ‫ޔ‬Ԛ࠽ࡁ⸘᷹࡮ಽᨆ‫ޔ‬ԛᭂ㒢ⅣႺߩ 4 ߟ
ߩ⎇ⓥ㗔ၞߩฦ⒳ᯏ⢻ࠍឭଏߒߡ޿ࠆ‫ޕ‬ᒰࡈࠔ࠙ࡦ࠳࡝ߢߪԘԙԚߩ 3 ߟߩ⎇ⓥ㗔ၞߩᯏ⢻ࠍⶄวൻߐ
ߖߚ৻⽾ࡊࡠ࠮ࠬߣ࿾ၞߣߩㅪ៤ࠍ߽ߞߡ‫ޔ‬એਅߩᡰេࠍⴕߞߡ޿ࠆ‫ޕ‬
Ԙ ಽሶ࡮‛⾰วᚑߩᡰេ
᦭ᯏ‛࡮ήᯏ‛࡮㊄ዻ╬߇ᜬߟᯏ⢻ࠍᦨᄢ㒢ߦ೑↪ߒ‫ޔ‬ⓨ㑆⊛࡮ࠛࡀ࡞ࠡ࡯⊛ߦᦨㆡߥ㈩೉߿⚵วߖ
ࠍ⠨ᘦߒߚේሶ࡮ಽሶ㈩೉ࠍ᦭ߔࠆ᧚ᢱߩഃ⵾‫ੱ߿⤑⭯ޔߚ߹ޔ‬Ꮏᩰሶߩᒻᚑ࡮‛ᕈ᷹ቯ╬ߩᡰេ
ԙ ⿥ᓸ⚦ടᎿߩᡰេ
ࡆ࡯ࡓ࠹ࠢࡁࡠࠫ࡯ࠍ೑↪ߒߚ⭯⤑⹜ᢱߩ⿥ᓸ⚦ടᎿߣ࠺ࡃࠗࠬൻ‫⹏ߩࠬࠗࡃ࠺ߩߘޔߚ߹ޔ‬ଔ╬ߩ
ᡰេ
Ԛ ࠽ࡁ⸘᷹࡮ಽᨆߩᡰេ
nm ࠬࠤ࡯࡞ߩಽ⸃⢻ߢǴm ࠬࠤ࡯࡞ߩෘߐߩ⹜ᢱౝㇱࠍ᭴ㅧಽᨆ࡮⸃ᨆ‫ޔ‬ฦ⒳᧚ᢱ߿↢૕⹜ᢱ╬ߩ
⺞⵾ߣല₸⊛ߥಽᨆ࡮⸃ᨆ╬ߩᡰេ
b) ᚑᨐ
࠽ࡁࡀ࠶࠻੐ᬺߩ৻Ⅳߣߒߡ࿖ౝᄖ࡮ቇౝᄖߩ࠽ࡁ࠹ࠢࡁࡠࠫ࡯⎇ⓥࠍࠨࡐ࡯࠻ߔࠆవ┵౒↪ᣉ⸳ߣߒ
ߡ‫↥ޔ‬ᬺ⑼ቇ⎇ⓥᚲ߇଻᦭ߔࠆಽሶ߿⭯⤑ߩวᚑߣ⿥ᓸ⚦ടᎿߘߒߡ⿥㜞࿶㔚ሶ㗼ᓸ㏜࠮ࡦ࠲࡯߇଻᦭
ߔࠆ࠽ࡁ⸘᷹߿ಽᨆߩ ߟߩ⎇ⓥ㗔ၞ࡮ᯏ⢻ࠍⲢว࡮ⶄวൻߒ‫ࡁ࠽߿ࠬ࠮ࡠࡊ࡞࡯ࠤࠬࡁ࠽ޔ‬᭴ㅧ࡮ᯏ
⢻ߩ⸃ᨆߦᔅⷐߥᣉ⸳࡮ⵝ⟎࡮ᛛⴚ╬ߩឭଏߦࠃࠆ✚ว⊛ߥ⎇ⓥᡰេࠍⴕߞߚ‫ޕ‬
ᧄࡊࡠࠫࠚࠢ࠻ߩᦨ⚳ᐕᐲ⋡ߢ޽ࠆᧄᐕᐲ㧔* ᐕᐲ㧕ߪ ઙ
ᛛⴚ⋧⺣ ઙ฽߻ߩᡰេࠍߒߡ߈ߚ‫ޕ‬
ߥ߅‫ޔ‬ᒰࡈࠔ࠙ࡦ࠳࡝߇଻᦭ߔࠆԘಽሶ࡮⭯⤑วᚑ‫ޔ‬ԙ⿥ᓸ⚦ടᎿ‫ޔ‬Ԛ࠽ࡁ⸘᷹࡮ಽᨆ‫ ߩޔ‬ᯏ⢻ߦ
ࠃࠆ* ᐕᐲߩ✚ᡰេઙᢙߩ㗄⋡೎ౝ⸶ߪ⴫㧙 ߩㅢࠅߢ޽ࠆ‫ޕ‬
― 132 ―
⴫㧙㧧ᐔᚑ ᐕᐲߩᡰេ⺖㗴ઙᢙ
ಽሶ࡮⭯⤑ߩวᚑ
⿥ᓸ⚦ടᎿ
࠽ࡁ⸘᷹࡮ಽᨆ
ว⸘
ቇ
↥
⁛
⸘
ቇ
↥
⁛
⸘
ቇ
↥
⁛
⸘
ቇ
↥
⁛
⸘
౒ห⎇ⓥ
ⵝ⟎೑↪
ᛛⴚઍⴕ
ᛛⴚ⋧⺣
ว ⸘
߹ߚ‫ޔ‬ਅ⸥Ԙ㨪ԛߩ࠽ࡁ࠹ࠢࠝ࡯ࡊࡦࠬࠢ࡯࡞
ෳട✚ᢙ ฬ╬ߩ㐿௅ࠍߪߓ߼‫ ޔ‬ᱦᧂḩߩ⧯ᚻ
ᡰេ೑↪⠪
ฬ㧕ߦኻߔࠆⵝ⟎⻠⠌ࠍⴕߞߚ‫৻ߩ࡯࠲ࡦ࠮࡯ࠫࡠࡁࠢ࠹ࡁ࠽ޔߚ߹ ޕ‬ຬߣߒߡ
‫ޟ‬PCPQVGEJ‫ߦޠ‬಴ዷߒ‫ޔ‬ᵴേౝኈߩ⚫੺ࠍⴕߞߚ‫ޕ‬
Ԙ ᐕ ᦬ ᣣ'$ ࡝࠰ࠣ࡜ࡈࠖ࡯⻠⠌ળ㧔ᄖ࿖ੱኻ⽎ ⸘ ฬෳട㧕
ԙ ᐕ ᦬ ᣣ࠽ࡁ࠹ࠢℂ⑼ᢎቶ㧔⸘ ฬෳട㧕
Ԛ ᐕ ᦬ ᣣ 78 ࡝࠰ࠣ࡜ࡈࠖ࡯⻠⠌ળ
᳃㑆ડᬺ ฬෳട
ԛ ᐕ ᦬ ᣣ㔚ሶ㗼ᓸ㏜ࠬࠢ࡯࡞㧔 ฬෳട㧕
― 133 ―
⥲ྜゎᯒࢭࣥࢱ࣮ ࢭࣥࢱ࣮㛗㸦ව௵㸧ᩍᤵ
෸ᩍᤵ
ຓᩍ ≉௵ຓᩍව௵
ᢏ⾡⫋ဨ㸦ව௵㸧
ᢏ⾡⿵బဨ
஦ົ⿵బဨ
Ⳣ἟ ඞ᫛
㕥ᮌ ೺அ
࿘ ኱ᥭࠊᮅ㔝 ⰾ⧊
す㔝 ⨾㒔Ꮚ
▼ᶫ Ṋࠊ⏣୰ 㧗⣖ࠊᯇᓮ ๛
㧗஭ ჆㞝ࠊ⩚Ꮚᒸ ோᚿ
㇂ ᝋᏊ
a) ᴫせ
⥲ྜゎᯒࢭࣥࢱ࣮ࡣࠊᮦᩱゎᯒࡢࡓࡵࡢྛ✀ࡢศᯒ࠾ࡼࡧ ᐃࢆ⾜࠸ࠊ࠿ࡘࠊࡑࡢ࿘㎶ᢏ⾡࡟㛵ࡍࡿ
◊✲ࢆ⾜࠺ࡇ࡜ࢆ┠ⓗ࡜ࡋ࡚࠸ࡿࠋ
⏘ᴗ⛉Ꮫ◊✲ᡤෆ◊✲㒊㛛ࡢࣉࣟࢪ࢙ࢡࢺ◊✲ࠊᇶ┙◊✲ࠊ࠾ࡼࡧ୍⯡ᇶ♏◊✲࡞࡝ࡢ㐙⾜࡟ᙜࡓࡾࠊ
ᙜࢭࣥࢱ࣮ᡤᒓࡢศගศᯒᶵჾࠊ⤌ᡂศᯒᶵჾࠊ≧ែศᯒᶵჾ㢮ࢆ⏝࠸ࡿྛ✀ᮦᩱࢫ࣌ࢡࢺࣝ ᐃࠊゎ
ᯒࠊホ౯࡞࡝ࢆ㏻ࡌ࡚ᙉຊ࡞◊✲ᨭ᥼άືࢆ⾜ࡗ࡚࠸ࡿࠋ
୍᪉ࠊࡇࢀࡽศᯒ⿦⨨㢮ࢆ㥑౑ࡋ࡚᪂ࡋ࠸ᮦᩱྜᡂἲࡢ㛤Ⓨ࡜ᛂ⏝࡟㛵ࡍࡿ◊✲ࠊ᪂つᶵ⬟ᛶ≀㉁ࡢ
ᵓ㐀ゎᯒ࡞࡝ࡢ◊✲άືࢆ⾜ࡗ࡚࠸ࡿࠋ
b) ᡂᯝ
࣭࢖ࣜࢪ࣒࢘ゐ፹ࢆ⏝࠸ࡿ㓟໬཯ᛂࡢ㛤Ⓨ࡜ᛂ⏝
ࢡ࣮ࣜࣥ࡞㓟໬๣ࢆ⏝࠸ࡿゐ፹཯ᛂࡢ㛤Ⓨࡣ᭱㔜せㄢ㢟ࡢ୍ࡘ࡛࠶ࡿࠋࡲࡓᑐ⛠ࢪ࣮࢜ࣝࡢ㠀ᑐ⛠໬
ࡣ࢟ࣛࣝࣅࣝࢹ࢕ࣥࢢࣈࣟࢵࢡࢆྜᡂࡍࡿୖ࡛᭷ຠ࡞ᡭẁ࡛࠶ࡿࠋ௒ᅇࠊ࣓ࢯࢪ࣮࢜ࣝࡢ㓟໬ⓗ㠀ᑐ⛠
໬཯ᛂࢆ㘽཯ᛂ࡜ࡍࡿࢱࣥࢹ࣒ᆺࡢゐ፹୙ᩧ཯ᛂࢆ㛤Ⓨࡋࡓࠋࡉࡽ࡟ᮏ཯ᛂࢆᒎ㛤ࡋࠊ୙ᩧỈ⣲⮬ື⛣
ືࣉࣟࢭࢫࡶ㐍⾜ࡍࡿࡇ࡜ࡶぢฟࡋࡓࠋ
― 134 ―
㔞Ꮚࣅ࣮࣒⛉Ꮫ◊✲᪋タ
᪋タ㛗㸦ව௵㸧ᩍᤵ
ᩍᤵ㸦ව௵㸧
≉௵ᩍᤵ㸦ව௵㸧
෸ᩍᤵ
෸ᩍᤵ㸦ව௵㸧
ຓᩍ
ຓᩍ㸦ව௵㸧
≉௵ຓᩍ㸦ව௵㸧
ᢏ⾡⫋ဨ
ᢏ⾡⿵బဨ
ὴ㐵⫋ဨ ☾ᒣ ᝅᮁ
┿ᔱ ဴᮁࠊྜྷ⏣ 㝧୍ࠊྂ⃝ Ꮥᘯ
⏣ᕝ ⢭୍ࠊ㐲⸨ ᨻᏕ
㄃⏣ ⩏ⱥ
ຍ⸨ 㱟ዲࠊ⸨ሯ Ᏺࠊᕝ஭ Ύᙪࠊ᳿ 㔠ᓠ
⸨஌ ᖾᏊ
ᑠᯘ ୍㞝ࠊ❧ᕝ ㈗ኈࠊ㏆⸨ Ꮥᩥࠊᕝ℩ ၨᝅࠊᡂ℩ ᘏᗣࠊ
ධ⃝ ᫂඾ࠊᒣᮏ ὒ᥹
Ⳣ ᫭୍ࠊᴮᮏ ୍அ㸦㹼ᖹᡂ 23 ᖺ 9 ᭶㸧
ྂᕝ ࿴ᘺ
ᒣᮏ ಖࠊᚨᆅ ᫂
ஂಖ ஂ⨾Ꮚ
a) ᴫせ
㔞Ꮚࣅ࣮࣒⛉Ꮫ◊✲᪋タࡣ 2009 ᖺ࡟኱㜰኱Ꮫ⏘ᴗ⛉Ꮫ◊✲ᡤ㝃ᒓ⏘ᴗ⛉Ꮫࢼࣀࢸࢡࣀࣟ ࢪ࣮ࢭࣥࢱ
࣮ຍ㏿ჾ࣭㔞Ꮚࣅ࣮࣒ᐇ㦂ᐊࢆᇶ࡟᪂ࡋࡃタ❧ࡉࢀࡓࠋྠᐇ㦂ᐊࡢࡍ࡭࡚ࡢタഛࠊ40 MeV ࡢ L ࣂࣥࢻ
㟁Ꮚࣛ࢖ࢼࢵࢡࠊ150 MeV ࡢ㹑ࣂࣥࢻࣛ࢖ࢼࢵࢡࠊ࣮ࣞࢨ࣮ࣇ࢛ࢺ࢝ࢯ࣮ࢻ RF 㟁Ꮚ㖠ࢆ⿦ഛࡋࡓ 40 MeV
ࡢ㹑ࣂࣥࢻ㟁Ꮚࣛ࢖ࢼࢵࢡࠊࡑࡋ࡚ࢥࣂࣝࢺ㸴㸮࣐࢞ࣥ⥺ᨺᑕ⿦⨨࡞࡝ࡀᮏ᪋タ࡟ᘬࡁ⥅ࡀࢀࡓࠋࡇࢀ
ࡽࡢタഛࡣ኱㜰኱Ꮫෆࡢ㛵ಀ⪅࡛ඹྠ฼⏝ࡉࢀ࡚࠸ࡿࠋᮏ᪋タࡣ᪋タ㛗ࡢ࡯࠿ 2 ྡࡢᑓ௵ᩍဨࠊ1 ྡࡢ
ᢏ⾡⫋ဨ࡜ 1 ྡࡢ஦ົ⫋ဨࠊ2 ྡࡢᢏ⾡⿵బဨ࠾ࡼࡧව௵ᩍဨ࡛ᵓᡂࡉࢀࠊ㔞Ꮚࣅ࣮࣒ㄏ㉳໬Ꮫ཯ᛂ㐣
⛬࡟㛵ࡍࡿ◊✲ࠊ㔞Ꮚࣅ࣮࣒⛉Ꮫ࡟ᇶ࡙ࡃ⎔ቃᕤᏛ㛵㐃ศ㔝ࠊඛ➃ࣅ࣮࣒⛉Ꮫࠊ᪂࢚ࢿࣝࢠ࣮㈨※࡜ඛ
㐍་⒪ᢏ⾡ࠊ≉࡟ᙉຊᴟ㉸▷᫬㛫ᨺᑕ⥺Ⓨ⏕⿦⨨࡟ࡼࡿࠊ་⒪ຠᯝࡢ◊✲ࠊ➼࡟ྲྀࡾ⤌ࢇ࡛࠸ࡿࠋࡲࡓࠊ
ᨺᑕ⥺⟶⌮ࡸ᪋タࡢ⥔ᣢ⟶⌮ࢆྵࡴࡍ࡭࡚ࡢタഛࡢ㐠Ⴀࡣࠊඹྠ฼⏝㛵ಀ⪅ࡢ༠ຊࡢࡶ࡜⾜ࡗ࡚࠸ࡿࠋ
b) ᡂᯝ
࣭㟁Ꮚ⥺ᙧຍ㏿ჾ㸦/ࣂࣥࢻࣛ࢖ࢼࢵࢡࠊ6 ࣂࣥࢻࣛ࢖ࢼࢵࢡࠊ5) 㟁Ꮚ㖠ࡘࡁ 6 ࣂࣥࢻࣛ࢖ࢼࢵࢡ㸧
ᮏᖺᗘࡣ㟁ຊ㔞ᢚไࡢせㄳ࡟ᛂࡌࠊኟ࠿ࡽ⛅࡟࠿
㐣Ώ
ᐃᖖ
䝬䝹䝏䝞䞁䝏
༢䝞䞁䝏
ࡅ࡚ࠊ᪥୰ 6 ᫬㛫௨ୖࣛ࢖ࢼࢵࢡᲷࡢ඲㤋✵ㄪࢆ೵
Ṇࡋࠊ┬㟁ຊ໬࡟ດࡵࡓࠋ
㻞㻡
L ࣂࣥࢻ㟁Ꮚࣛ࢖ࢼࢵࢡࡢ㐠㌿≧ἣࡣࠊಖᏲ᪥ࢆ
㻞㻜
㝖ࡃ 208 ᪥ࡀᐇ㦂࡟౪ࡉࢀࠊ⥲฼⏝᫬㛫ࡣ⣙ 2,725
䞉 㻝㻡
䞉
᫬㛫࡛࠶ࡗࡓࠋᮏᖺᗘࡢ㐠㌿≧ἣࢆᅗ㸯࡟♧ࡍࠋࡇ
䞉
㻝㻜
ࡢ㛫ࣛ࢖ࢼࢵࢡ 2 ḟ෭༷Ỉ࡟㛵ಀࡍࡿ⇕஺᥮ჾ㛵
㻡
㐃ᶵჾࡢ஺᥮࠾ࡼࡧ෭༷Ỉᚠ⎔⏝࣏ࣥࣉࡢ஺᥮ࢆ
㻜
⾜ࡗࡓࠋ᭦࡟ไᚚ⣔࡟㛵ಀࡍࡿࣃࢯࢥࣥࡢ᭦᪂ࡸࠊ
㻠
㻡
㻢
㻣
㻤
㻥
㻝㻜 㻝㻝 㻝㻞
㻝
㻞
㻟
᭶
ࢡࣛ࢖ࢫࢺࣟࣥࢱࣥࢡࡸࣔࢪ࣮ࣗࣞࢱ㒊࡛㒊ရຎ
໬࡟క࠺⤯⦕◚ቯࡀ⏕ࡌࡓࡓࡵࠊࡇࢀࡽࡢ㒊ရࡢ஺
ᅗ 1 L ࣂࣥࢻࣛ࢖ࢼࢵࢡ᭶ู㐠㌿࣮ࣔࢻࡢ᥎⛣
᥮ࢆ⾜ࡗࡓࠋࡲࡓࠊ௨๓࠿ࡽ⏕ࡌ࡚࠸ࡓຍ㏿⟶࠿ࡽ
ࡢ₃Ỉ࡟ࡘ࠸࡚ࠊୖグࡢ෭༷Ỉ⣔ࡢ᭦᪂ࢆ⾜ࡗࡓ⤖ᯝࠊ௨๓ࡼࡾ₃Ỉ㔞ࡀቑຍࡍࡿࡼ࠺࡟࡞ࡗࡓࠋ⌧ᅾ
ࡣࣜࢨ࣮ࣂ࣮ࢱࣥࢡࡢỈ⿵⤥ࢆቑࡸࡋ࡚ᑐᛂࡋ࡚࠸ࡿࡀࠊᢤᮏⓗᑐ⟇ࡀᚲせ࡛࠶ࡾࠊຍ㏿⟶ࡢ᭦᪂࡟ྥ
ࡅண⟬ᥐ⨨ࢆ኱Ꮫࠊ⏘◊࡟࠾㢪࠸ࡋ࡚࠸ࡿ࡜ࡇࢁ࡛࠶ࡿࠋ୍᪉ࠊࣔࢪ࣮ࣗࣞࢱ඘㟁㟁ᅽࡢᏳᐃ໬ࡸࢧࣈ
ࣁ࣮ࣔࢽࢵࢡࣂࣥࢳ࣮ࣕ㟁※ࡢ༙ᑟయ໬➼ࠊ⿦⨨ࡢᛶ⬟ྥୖࡢࡓࡵࡢᨵ㐀ࡶ⾜ࡗࡓࠋ
150 MeV㹑ࣂࣥࢻࣛ࢖ࢼࢵࢡ࡟㛵ࡋ࡚ࡣࠊ㐠㌿᫬࡟➨ 1 ↷ᑕᐊෆ࡟ᨺฟࡉࢀࡿᨺᑕ⥺ࢆᴟຊᢚ࠼ࡿࡓ
ࡵ࡟ࠊ≉࡟࢚ࢿࣝࢠ࣮࢔ࢼࣛ࢖ࢨ࣮㒊ࡢ㐽ⶸࢆィ⟬࡟ᇶ࡙࠸࡚⾜࠸ࠊᐇ㝿࡟㐠㌿ࡋࡓ᫬ࡢ₃࠼࠸ᨺᑕ⥺
― 135 ―
㔞ࡢࣔࢽࢱ࣮ࢆ㛤ጞࡋࡓࡀࠊ㟁Ꮚࣅ࣮࣒ࡢ࢚ࢿࣝࢠ࣮ࢫ࣌ࢡࢺࣝࡀྲྀࢀ࡞࠸࡯࡝ࡢࣅ࣮࣒ࣃ࣮࡛࣡ࡶࠊ
ከ㔞ࡢᨺᑕ⥺ࡀ RF 㟁Ꮚ㖠⏝࣮ࣞࢨ࣮ࡢᡤࡲ࡛᮶ࡿࡇ࡜ࡀุࡗࡓࠋࡇࢀࡣຍ㏿⟶࠿ࡽⓎ⏕ࡍࡿᨺᑕ⥺࡟
⏤᮶ࡍࡿࡓࡵࠊຍ㏿⟶࡟ᑐࡍࡿ㐽ⶸࢆཌࡃࡋ࡞ࡀࡽ㐠㌿ࢆ⾜࠸ࢹ࣮ࢱࡢ⵳✚ࢆ⾜ࡗ࡚࠸ࡿ࡜ࡇࢁ࡛࠶ࡿࠋ
ࣇ࢛ࢺ࢝ࢯ࣮ࢻ RF 㟁Ꮚ㖠 S ࣂࣥࢻࣛ࢖ࢼࢵࢡࡢᖹᡂ 23 ᖺᗘ㐠㌿᪥ᩘࡣ⣙ 104 ᪥ࠊ࡛⣙ 1526 ᫬㛫࡛
࠶ࡗࡓࠋᮏᖺᗘࡣࣔࢪ࣮ࣗࣞࢱ඘㟁㟁※ࡢಟ⌮ࠊࢧ࢖ࣛࢺࣟࣥືస୙Ⰻࡢཎᅉ࡛࠶ࡗࡓࢢࣜࢵࢻࣃࣝࢧ
࣮ࡢ஺᥮ࠊࢡࣛ࢖ࢫࢺࣟࣥ෭༷Ỉ⣔ࡢ㸱᪉ᘚࡢ஺᥮➼ࢆ⾜ࡗࡓࠋ
࣭ࢥࣂࣝࢺ 60 ࣐࢞ࣥ⥺↷ᑕ⿦⨨
ࢥࣂࣝࢺ 60 ↷ᑕ᪋タࡢ฼⏝ㄢ㢟ᩘࡣ 18 ௳ࠊ฼⏝᪥ᩘࡣ 172 ᪥ࠊ
௚኱Ꮫ
⥲฼⏝᫬㛫ࡣ 2901 ᫬㛫࡛࠶ࡗࡓ㸦฼⏝ෆヂࡣᅗ㸰ཧ↷㸧ࠋ᪂⥺※ཷ
11.0 %
⏘◊ 33.4 %
ධࢀ࡟క࠸ࠊ࢚ࣜ࢔ࣔࢽࢱ࣮ࡢᩚഛࢆ⾜ࡗࡓࠋ
࣭ඹྠ฼⏝
ඹྠ฼⏝௳ᩘࡣࠊ⏘◊ࡀ 17 ௳ࠊᏛෆࡀ 11 ௳ࠊᏛእࡢ฼⏝⪅ࢆྵ
௚㒊ᒁ 55.6 %
ࡴࡶࡢࡀ 10 ௳ࠊᣐⅬ฼⏝ࡀ 11 ௳ࠊ⏘◊ࣜࢧ࣮ࢳࣃ࣮ࢡ࠿ࡽࡢ฼⏝
ᕤᏛ◊✲⛉ 74㸣
ࡀ㸯௳ࡢྜィ 50 ௳࡛࠶ࡗࡓࠋࡲࡓࠊ㔞Ꮚࣅ࣮࣒⛉Ꮫ◊✲᪋タ◊✲
ᅗ㸰 ࢥࣂࣝࢺ 60 ᪋タࡢ฼⏝௳ᩘෆヂ
఍ࢆ㸱ᅇ㛤ദࡋ㸦ᖹᡂ 23 ᖺ 7 ᭶ 26 ᪥ࠊ12 ᭶ 16 ᪥ࠊᖹᡂ 24 ᖺ 2
᭶ 9 ᪥㸧ࠊࡲࡓࠊᖹᡂ 23 ᖺᗘᡂᯝሗ࿌఍ࢆᖹᡂ 24 ᖺ 3 ᭶ 8 ᪥࡟㛤ദࡋࡓࠋ௒ᖺᗘࡣ 350 ྡ௨ୖࡢぢᏛ
⪅ࢆཷࡅධࢀࡓࠋ
࣭ᨺᑕ⥺Ᏻ඲⟶⌮
⏘ᴗ⛉Ꮫ◊✲ᡤᨺᑕ⥺᪋タ࡟࠾ࡅࡿᨺᑕ⥺ᴗົᚑ஦⪅ᩘࡣ 189 ྡ࡛࠶ࡗࡓࠋࡇࡢෆࡢ 53 ྡ࡟ᑐࡋࠊ5
᭶ 12 ᪥࡟ᩍ⫱カ⦎ࢆ⏘◊࢖࣮ࣥ࢟ࣗ࣋ࢩࣙࣥᲷ㸯㝵ㅮ⩏ᐊ࡛ᐇ᪋ࡋࡓࠋᖺ 2 ᅇࡢἲ௧࡛ᐃࡵࡿ᪋タ⮬
୺Ⅼ᳨ࢆ⾜࠸ࠊᚲせ࡞ฎ⨨ࢆ⾜ࡗࡓࠋ4 ᭶ 7 ᪥ࢥࣂࣝࢺ 60 ᪂⥺※ࢆཷධࢀࠊࡲࡓᐦᑒ⥺※ 2 ᮏࡢᡶฟࢆ
⾜ࡗࡓࠋ
࣭㟁ゎ㉁⭷ෆ࡛ࡢࣛࢪ࢝ࣝ཯ᛂࣉࣟࢭࢫࡢ◊✲
㝧㟁Ꮚᾘ⁛ἲࡸ⁐ᾮศᯒ➼ࢆ⏝࠸࡚ࣛࢪ࢝ࣝ཯ᛂ࡟ࡼࡿ㧗ศᏊ㟁ゎ㉁⭷ࡢຎ໬ࣉࣟࢭࢫࢆゎ᫂ࡋࠊ㧗
ศᏊ㟁ゎ㉁⭷ࡢタィᣦ㔪࡟⧅ࡆࡿࡓࡵࡢຎ໬ィ ᡭἲࡢ☜❧࡜ࡑࢀࢆᇶ࡟ࡋࡓຎ໬ホ౯ࢩࢫࢸ࣒㛤Ⓨࡍ
ࡿࡇ࡜ࢆ┠ⓗ࡜ࡋࠊ◊✲ࢆ⾜ࡗ࡚ࡁ࡚࠸ࡿࠋȖ⥺↷ᑕ࡟ࡼࡾỈ୰࡛⏕ᡂࡉࢀࡿࣛࢪ࢝ࣝ✀ࡢෆࠊ㟁ゎ㉁⭷
ࢆ≉࡟OH࣭ࠊH࣭ࠊO2࣭-࡟㑅ᢥⓗ࡟᫹ࡍࡇ࡜࡛ࠊࡑࡢຎ໬㐣⛬ࢆㄪ࡭࡚࠸ࡿࠋᮏᖺᗘࡣࣇࢵ⣲⣔㟁ゎ㉁⭷
(Nafion, Aquivion)ࠊⅣ໬Ỉ⣲⣔㟁ゎ㉁⭷(SPESK; Sulfonated poly(arylene ether sulfone ketone))࡟࠾ࡅࡿຎ໬
㐣⛬ࢆ⁐ᾮศᯒἲࠊ㝧㟁Ꮚᾘ⁛ศගἲ➼࡛ㄪ࡭ࡓ⤖ᯝࠊࣛࢪ࢝ࣝ✀࡟ࡼࡾຎ໬㐣⛬ࡀ␗࡞ࡾࠊ≉࡟
PFSA࡛ࡣ㑏ඖᛶࣛࢪ࢝ࣝ(H࣭)ࡀ୺㙐ษ᩿ࢆᘬࡁ㉳ࡇࡋࠊࣉࣟࢺࣥఏᑟᗘࡢపୗ࡟ࡶࡘ࡞ࡀࡿ῝้࡞ᙳ
㡪ࢆ୚࠼ࡿࡇ࡜ࡀุࡗࡓࠋࡇࢀ࡟ᑐࡋSPESK࡛ࡣࣇࢵ⣲⣔㟁ゎ㉁⭷࡜␗࡞ࡾࠊఱࢀࡢࣛࢪ࢝ࣝ࡟ᑐࡋ࡚
ࡶຎ໬ࡀ⏕ࡌࠊఱࢀࡢሙྜࡶぶỈ㒊ࡢᵓ㐀◚ቯࡀ୺ཎᅉ࡛࠶ࡿࡇ࡜ࡀ㝧㟁Ꮚᾘ⁛ศගἲ࡟ࡼࡾ♧ࡉࢀ
ࡓࠋ
࣭㔞Ꮚࣅ࣮࣒ㄏ㉳཯ᛂࢆ฼⏝ࡋࡓ㟁ゎ㉁⭷ࡢ◊✲
ⷧ⭷㟁Ꮚ⥺ࣃࣝࢫࣛࢪ࢜ࣜࢩࢫἲ࡟ࡼࡾࠊ㧗ศᏊ㟁ゎ㉁⭷୰ࡢ㔞Ꮚࣅ࣮࣒ㄏ㉳཯ᛂࡢᶵᵓࢆ᫂ࡽ࠿࡟
ࡋ࡚࠸ࡿࠋᮏᖺᗘࡣỈศྵỈ㔞ࢆㄪᩚࡋࡓ Nafion ࡟࠾࠸࡚ࢻ࣮ࣉࡋࡓᇶ㉁ࢆ⏝࠸࡚ຎ໬㐣⛬ࢆ᳨ウࡋࡓࠋ
పྵỈ㔞 Nafion ࡛ࡣࠊࣄࢻࣟ࢟ࢩࣝࣛࢪ࢝ࣝ(OHƔ)௜ຍ≀ࡢ⏕ᡂࡀᢚไࡉࢀࡓࠋ┤᥋㓟໬࡟ࡼࡿ୍㟁Ꮚ㓟
໬≀ࡢ⏕ᡂ㔞ࡣኚ໬ࡋ࡞࠿ࡗࡓࠋOHƔࡢ⏕ᡂࡀ Nafion ୰ࡢྵỈ㔞࡟኱ࡁࡃ౫Ꮡࡋࡓࡇ࡜࠿ࡽࠊOHƔࡣぶ
Ỉᛶࢡࣛࢫࢱ࣮㒊఩ࡢ-SO3-࡟ hydrate ࡋ࡚࠸ࡿỈศᏊ࠿ࡽ⏕ᡂࡉࢀࡿࡇ࡜ࡀ♧၀ࡉࢀࡓࠋ
― 136 ―
⏘ᴗ⛉Ꮫ㐃ᦠᩍ⫱᥎㐍ࢭࣥࢱ࣮
ࢭࣥࢱ࣮㛗㸦ව௵㸧ᩍᤵ
ᩍ⫱㐃ᦠ᥎㐍ᐊ㛗㸦ව௵㸧ᩍᤵ
ᐊဨ㸦ව௵㸧ᩍᤵ
ᐊဨ㸦ව௵㸧෸ᩍᤵ
ᐊဨ㸦ව௵㸧෸ᩍᤵ
⏘Ꮫ࣭ᅜ㝿㐃ᦠ᥎㐍ᐊ㛗㸦ව௵㸧ᩍᤵ
ᐊဨ㸦ව௵㸧ᩍᤵ
ᐊဨ㸦ව௵㸧෸ᩍᤵ
ᐊဨ㸦ව௵㸧ຓᩍ
Ᏻ⸽
ᑠཱྀ
➉㇂
ຍ⸨
す ㇂ᮧ
୰㇂
᳿ ‶ୖ
ⰾ㞝
ከ⨾ኵ
⣧୍
㱟ዲ
Ẏ
ඞᕫ
࿴ᙪ
㔠ᓠ
⫱ஂ
ᴫせ
⏘◊ࡣࠊ㐃ᦠࡍࡿ 6 ࡘࡢ◊✲⛉࠿ࡽᏛ⏕ࢆཷࡅධࢀࡿ࡜࠸࠺ࣘࢽ࣮ࢡ࡞≉ᚩࡀ࠶ࡾࠊ⏘◊࡜ࡋ࡚ࡢඹ㏻
ࡢᏛ㝿ᩍ⫱ࢆ᪋ࡍࡇ࡜ࡀࠊ⏘◊࡟࠾ࡅࡿᏛ㝿⼥ྜᆺ◊✲ࢆ᥎ࡋ㐍ࡵࡿࡓࡵ࡟ࡶᚲせ࡛࠶ࡿࠋ
ࡑࡇ࡛ࠊ⏘◊࡟ᡤᒓࡍࡿᏛ⏕඲యࢆᑐ㇟࡜ࡋࡓᏛ㝿ᩍ⫱ࡢ௻⏬❧᱌࣭ᐇ᪋ࢆ୺ࡓࡿ┠ⓗ࡜ࡍࡿ㐃ᦠᩍ
⫱᥎㐍ࢭࣥࢱ࣮ࢆᖹᡂ 21 ᖺ 4 ᭶࡟タ⨨ࡋࡓࠋ
㐃ᦠᩍ⫱᥎㐍ࢭࣥࢱ࣮࡛ࡣࠊ᪂ே࢚࢜ࣜࣥࢸ࣮ࢩࣙࣥࠊᢏ⾡⩦ᚓࢫࢡ࣮ࣜࣥࢢࠊ௻ᴗ࢖ࣥࢱ࣮ࣥࢩࢵ
ࣉࠊᏛ⏕ᾏእὴ㐵࣭ཷධࣉࣟࢢ࣒ࣛ࡞࡝ࠊከᙬ࡞ᩍ⫱άືࢆ௻⏬࣭ᐇ⾜ࡍࡿ࡜࡜ࡶ࡟ࠊ඲Ꮫ࡟᪂タࡉࢀ
ࡓࢼࣀࢧ࢖࢚ࣥࢫ࣭ࢹࢨ࢖ࣥᩍ⫱◊✲ࢭࣥࢱ࣮࡜ᐦ᥋࡟㐃ᦠࡋࠊࢼࣀࢧ࢖࢚ࣥࢫ๪ࣉࣟࢢ࣒ࣛᩍ⫱➼ࡢ
ᩍ⫱άືࢆ❧᱌࣭ᐇ⾜ࡍࡿࠋ
― 137 ―
࿖㓙౒ห⎇ⓥ࠮ࡦ࠲࡯
᭎ⷐ
࿖㓙౒ห⎇ⓥ࠮ࡦ࠲࡯ߪ‫ޔ‬࿖㓙੤ᵹߦ߅ߌࠆᜬ⛯⊛ߥੱ᧚੤ᵹߣ࿖㓙౒ห⎇ⓥࠍផㅴߔࠆߚ߼ߦ‫ޔ‬2009
ᐕ 4 ᦬ߦ↥⎇ౝߦ⸳⟎ߐࠇߚ‫ޔߪ࡯࠲ࡦ࠮ᧄޕ‬࿖㓙੤ᵹࠍⴕ߁ᄢቇ࡮⎇ⓥᯏ㑐╬ߣߩ㑆ߦ⸳┙ߒߚⶄᢙ
ߩㅪ៤⎇ⓥ࡜ࡏ⟲߆ࠄ᭴ᚑߐࠇࠆ‫ޕ‬ฦ࡜ࡏߦߪ౗છᢎ᝼‫ޔ‬౗છᢎຬ⧯ᐓฬࠍ㈩⟎ߒ‫⋧ߦࠄߐޔ‬ᚻ஥߆ࠄ
ߩ⎇ⓥ⠪ࠍቴຬ⎇ⓥຬߣߒߡฃߌ౉ࠇࠆߎߣ߇ߢ߈ࠆ‫ޕ‬
⃻࿷‫ޔ‬㧡ߟߩㅪ៤⎇ⓥ࡜ࡏ߇⸳⟎ߐࠇߡ޿ࠆ‫ޕ‬ਛ࿖࡮ർ੩ᄢቇᖱႎ⑼ቇቇ㒮ߣߩ㑆ߩᖱႎࠦࡒࡘ࠾ࠤ࡯
࡚ࠪࡦᛛⴚ㧔ICT㧕ㅪ៤⎇ⓥ࡜ࡏߪ‫ޔ‬2009 ᐕߦᖱႎߣࠦࡒࡘ࠾ࠤ࡯࡚ࠪࡦᛛⴚߦ㑐ߔࠆㅪ៤⎇ⓥࠍⴕ߁
⋡⊛ߢ‫ᧁ౎ޔ‬ᢎ᝼ࠍ࡜ࡏ㐳ߣߒߡ⸳⟎ߐࠇߚ‫ޕ‬ICT ㅪ៤࡜ࡏߢߪ‫ࠕࠖ࠺ࡔߣࡦ࡚ࠫࡆ࠲࡯ࡘࡇࡦࠦޔ‬ಣ
ℂߦ㑐ߔࠆၮ␆⎇ⓥ߆ࠄᔕ↪⎇ⓥࠍⴕߞߡ޿ࠆ‫ޕ‬㖧࿖࡮㜞㤀ᄢቇᩞ⑼ቇᛛⴚᄢቇ߅ࠃ߮㖧࿖࡮ᶆ㗄Ꮏ⑼
ᄢቇᩞⅣႺᎿቇㇱߣߩ㑆ߩవ┵᧚ᢱ⎇ⓥ㧔AMR㧕߅ࠃ߮శᔕ╵‛⾰⑼ቇ⎇ⓥ(PMR)ㅪ៤⎇ⓥ࡜ࡏߪ‫⌀ޔ‬
᎑ᢎ᝼ࠍ࡜ࡏ㐳ߣߒ‫ޔ‬వ┵᧚ᢱ⑼ቇ⎇ⓥ߅ࠃ߮శᔕ╵‛⾰⑼ቇ⎇ⓥߦ㑐ㅪߔࠆㅪ៤⎇ⓥ࡜ࡏࠍฦ‫ߩޘ‬ᯏ
㑐ౝߦ⸳⟎ߒ‫ޔ‬ᵴ⊒ߥ⋧੕⸰໧‫ޔ‬࿷☋ߦࠃߞߡㅪ៤⎇ⓥࠍⴕߞߡ޿ࠆ‫⧷ޕ‬࿖࡮University College London
ᢙℂ⑼ቇㇱߣߩ㑆ߩബ⿠⴫㕙⑼ቇ㧔ESS㧕ㅪ៤⎇ⓥ࡜ࡏߪ‫᧛⼱ޔ‬ᢎ᝼ࠍ࡜ࡏ㐳ߣߒ‫ޔ‬࿕૕⴫㕙ߦ߅ߌࠆ
శ⺃⿠᭴ㅧᄌൻߣᣂ‛⾰⋧ഃ⵾ߦ㑐ߒℂ⺰ߣታ㛎ߩ෺ᣇ߆ࠄߩ౒ห⎇ⓥࠍផㅴߒߡ޿ࠆ‫࡮࠺࡮࡜࠾ࡑޕ‬
࡜࡮ࠨ࡯࡞ᄢቇߣߩ㑆ߩᖱႎࠦࡒࡘ࠾ࠤ࡯࡚ࠪࡦᛛⴚ(ICT)ㅪ៤⎇ⓥ࡜ࡏߪ‫ޔ‬ᴧየᢎ᝼ࠍ࡜ࡏ㐳ߣߒ‫ࠕޔ‬
ࠫࠕߩ࿖‫ߩߢޘ‬Ꮢ႐㐿ᜏߣᢎ⢒ߦ⾗ߔࠆ࠮ࡦࠪࡦࠣᛛⴚߣߒߡ‫౒ߩੱޔ‬ᗵߦߟ޿ߡߩᯏ᪾ቇ⠌ࠍ⎇ⓥߒ
ߡ޿ࠆ‫↢ޕ‬૕࠮ࡦࠨ╬ࠍ㚟૶ߒߚ౒ห⎇ⓥࠍផㅴਛߢ޽ࠆ‫੹ߩ⎇↥ޕ‬ᓟߩ࿖㓙౒ห⎇ⓥߩㅴዷߦᓥ޿‫ޔ‬
࿖㓙౒ห⎇ⓥ࠮ࡦ࠲࡯ߩㅪ៤⎇ⓥ࡜ࡏᢙࠍჇ߿ߔߎߣࠍ੍ቯߒߡ޿ࠆ‫ޕ‬
ർ੩ᄢቇ+%6 ࡜ࡏ
㧟ᰴరᓳరߣ〒㔌⸘᷹
↹௝ߩ࠮ࠣࡔࡦ࠹࡯࡚ࠪࡦߣ‛૕ᬌ಴
ੱㆇേ⸃ᨆߣੱ‛⹺⼂
㜞㤀ᄢቇ#/4 ࡜ࡏ
శᔕ╵ᕈ‛⾰ߩ㜞ㅦࠛࡀ࡞ࠡ࡯࡮㔚ሶ⒖േ
⟎឵ࠞ࡞ࡏ࡜ࡦߩ㉄ൻㆶర෻ᔕ
ᄥ㓁శࠛࡀ࡞ࠡ࡯ᄌ឵‛⾰
ᶆ㗄Ꮏ⑼ᄢቇᩞ2/4 ࡜ࡏ
㉄ൻ࠴࠲ࡦశ⸅ᇦ
นⷞశᔕ╵ဳశ⸅ᇦ
శ⸅ᇦߦࠃࠆੱᎿశวᚑ
7%.'55 ࡜ࡏ
ࠣ࡜ࡈࠔࠗ࠻߅ࠃ߮㊄න⚿᥏ߦ߅ߌࠆ࡟࡯ࠩ࡯⺃⿠᭴ㅧ⋧ォ⒖
1. ࠪ࡝ࠦࡦ⴫㕙㔚ሶ⁁ᘒߩ╙৻ේℂ⸘▚ߦࠃࠆ⎇ⓥ
2. ബ⿠⁁ᘒ╙৻ේℂಽሶേജቇ⊛ᚻᴺߩ㐿⊒⎇ⓥ
࠺࡮࡜࡮ࠨ࡯࡞ᄢቇ+%6 ࡜ࡏ
1. ౒ᗵ⸘▚
Empathic Computing
2. ↢૕⸘᷹߿Kinnect ╬ߩฦ⒳࠮ࡦࠨࠍ↪޿ߚ࡙࡯ࠩߩࡕ࠺࡞ൻ
3. ㆡᔕࠗࡦ࠲ࡈࠚ࡯ࠬߣᯏ᪾ቇ⠌
― 138 ―
ࢼࣀ࣐ࢡࣟ≀㉁࣭ࢹࣂ࢖ࢫ࣭ࢩࢫࢸ࣒๰〇࢔ࣛ࢖࢔ࣥࢫ
ᴫせ
ᮏ࢔ࣛ࢖࢔ࣥࢫࡢ┠ⓗࡣࠊḟୡ௦࢚ࣞࢡࢺࣟࢽࢡࢫࠊ࢚ࢿࣝࢠ࣮ࠊ་⒪ࠊ⎔ቃㄪ࿴ᮦᩱࡢࠕ≀㉁࣭ࢹ
ࣂ࢖ࢫ࣭ࢩࢫࢸ࣒๰〇ᇶ┙ᢏ⾡ࠖࢆࠕࢼࣀ࡜࣐ࢡࣟࡢ⼥ྜࠖ࡟ࡼࡾ◊✲࣭㛤Ⓨࡍࡿࡇ࡜࡛࠶ࡿࠋ≀㉁࣭
ࢹࣂ࢖ࢫ࣭ࢩࢫࢸ࣒ᇶ┙ᢏ⾡ࡣࠊᏳ඲Ᏻᚰ࡛㉁ࡢ㧗࠸⏕άࡢ࡛ࡁࡿ♫఍ࡢᐇ⌧࡟ᚲ㡲࡛࠶ࡾࠊ≀㉁㺃ࢹ
ࣂ࢖ࢫ◊✲࡟࠾࠸࡚㇏ᐩ࡞ᐇ⦼ࢆ᭷ࡍࡿ 5 ◊✲ᡤࡀࠊᚓពࡢศ㔝࡛ᡓ␎ⓗ࡟㐃ᦠࢆ⤌ࡳࠊࢿࢵࢺ࣮࣡ࢡ
ᆺඹྠ◊✲ࢆ᥎㐍ࡍࡿ஦࡟ࡼࡾ≀㉁࣭ࢹࣂ࢖ࢫ࣭ࢩࢫࢸ࣒๰〇◊✲ࡢ᱁ẁࡢ㐍ᒎࢆᅗࡿࡶࡢ࡛࠶ࡿࠋ
ᮏ࢔ࣛ࢖࢔ࣥࢫ࡛ࡣࠊ⏘◊ࠊᮾ໭኱Ꮫከඖ≀㉁⛉Ꮫ◊✲ᡤ㸦ከඖ◊㸧
ࠊ໭ᾏ㐨኱Ꮫ㟁Ꮚ⛉Ꮫ◊✲ᡤ㸦㟁
Ꮚ◊㸧ࠊᮾிᕤᴗ኱Ꮫ㈨※໬Ꮫ◊✲ᡤ㸦㈨※◊㸧
ࠊ஑ᕞ኱Ꮫඛᑟ≀㉁໬Ꮫ◊✲ᡤ㸦ඛᑟ◊㸧ࡢ 5 ◊✲ᡤᶓ
᩿࡛ࠊ㸯㸧ḟୡ௦࢚ࣞࢡࢺࣟࢽࢡࢫࠊ㸰㸧࢚ࢿࣝࢠ࣮ᮦᩱ࣭ࢹࣂ࢖ࢫࠊ㸱㸧་⒪ᮦᩱ࣭ࢹࣂ࢖ࢫࠊ㸲㸧
⎔ቃㄪ࿴ᮦᩱ࣭ࢹࣂ࢖ࢫ࡟㛵ࡍࡿ◊✲ࢢ࣮ࣝࣉࢆ⤌⧊ࡋࠊᡓ␎ⓗࣉࣟࢪ࢙ࢡࢺ◊✲ࢆ᥎㐍ࡋ࡚࠸ࡿࠋල
యⓗ࡟ࠊྛ◊✲ᡤ࡟࠾ࡅࡿ㛗ᮇᅾ◊✲ࠊேᮦࡢ஺ὶ࣭ࢩ࢙࢔ࣜࣥࢢࠊ⿦⨨࣭ሙᡤࡢࢩ࢙࢔ࣜࣥࢢ࡟ࡼ
ࡾࠊຠ⋡ⓗ࡟ࣉࣟࢪ࢙ࢡࢺ◊✲ࡢ᥎㐍ࢆ⾜ࡗ࡚࠸ࡿࠋࡲࡓ࢔ࣛ࢖࢔ࣥࢫ㐃ᦠ◊✲ࡢᡂᯝࡢ♫఍㑏ඖࡢࡓ
ࡵ࡟ࠊ⏘◊࢖࣮ࣥ࢟ࣗ࣋ࢩࣙࣥᲷࢆ✚ᴟⓗ࡟฼⏝ࡋࠊ≀㉁࣭ࢹࣂ࢖ࢫ࣭ࢩࢫࢸ࣒๰〇ᇶ┙ᢏ⾡ࢆ᱁ẁ࡟
㐍ᒎࡉࡏࠊᐇ⏝໬ࢆ┠ᣦࡋࡓ⏘ᴗᛂ⏝࡟⧅ࡆࡿࡇ࡜ࢆ┠ᣦࡍࠋࡇࢀ࡟ࡼࡾᏳ඲Ᏻᚰ࡛㉁ࡢ㧗࠸⏕άࡢ࡛
ࡁࡿ♫఍ᐇ⌧࡬ࡢ኱ࡁ࡞ᐤ୚࡜࡜ࡶ࡟ࠊࢼࣀ࡜࣐ࢡࣟ⼥ྜࡢ᪂Ꮫ⾡ศ㔝ࡢ๰ᡂࢆᐇ⌧ࡍࡿࠋ
ᮏ࢔ࣛ࢖࢔ࣥࢫࡣࠊ5 ◊✲ᡤ࠿ࡽ࡞ࡿ㐠Ⴀጤဨ఍࡟ࡼࡾ㐠Ⴀࡉࢀ࡚࠾ࡾࠊ⏘◊࠿ࡽࡢᖹᡂ 23 ᖺᗘ㐠Ⴀ
ጤဨࡣࠊᮅ᪥୍ᩍᤵ㸦ጤဨ㛗㸧ࠊᒣཱྀ᫂ேᩍᤵࠊ⏣୰⚽࿴ᩍᤵ࡛࠶ࡿࠋࡲࡓࠊྛ◊✲ࢢ࣮ࣝࣉࡢ࣓ࣥࣂ
࣮ࡣḟࡢ㏻ࡾ࡛࠶ࡿࠋ
㸦㸯㸧ࠕḟୡ௦࢚ࣞࢡࢺࣟࢽࢡࢫࠖ◊✲ࢢ࣮ࣝࣉ
ᯇᮏ࿴ᙪᩍᤵ㸦ࢢ࣮ࣝࣉ㛗㸧ࠊᮅ᪥୍ᩍᤵࠊ⏣୰⚽࿴ᩍᤵࠊ➉㇂⣧୍ᩍᤵࠊ㮖ᑿ㝯ᩍᤵࠊ
Ᏻ⸨㝧୍ᩍᤵࠊᏳ⸽ⰾ㞝ᩍᤵࠊᑠཱྀከ⨾ኵᩍᤵ
㸦㸰㸧ࠕ᪂࢚ࢿࣝࢠ࣮ᮦᩱ࣭ࢹࣂ࢖ࢫࠖ◊✲ࢢ࣮ࣝࣉ
ᑠᯘගᩍᤵ㸦ࢢ࣮ࣝࣉ㛗㸧ࠊ἟ᑿṇ⾜ᩍᤵࠊ㇂ᮧඞᕫᩍᤵࠊⳢ἟ඞ᫛ᩍᤵࠊ➉⏣⢭἞ᩍᤵࠊ
㄃⏣⩏ⱥ෸ᩍᤵࠊ㕥ᮌ೺அ෸ᩍᤵ
㸦㸱㸧ࠕ་⒪ᮦᩱ࣭ࢹࣂ࢖ࢫࠖ◊✲ࢢ࣮ࣝࣉ
୰㇂࿴ᙪᩍᤵ㸦ࢢ࣮ࣝࣉ㛗㸧ࠊඵᮌᗣྐᩍᤵࠊ⁁ཱྀ⌮୍㑻ᩍᤵࠊຍ⸨ಟ㞝ᩍᤵࠊ㇂⃝ඞ⾜ᩍᤵࠊ
ᒣཱྀ᫂ேᩍᤵࠊ㇂ཱྀṇ㍤ᩍᤵࠊỌ஭೺἞ᩍᤵ
㸦㸲㸧ࠕ⎔ቃㄪ࿴ᮦᩱ࣭ࢹࣂ࢖ࢫࠖ◊✲ࢢ࣮ࣝࣉ
ྜྷ⏣㝧୍ᩍᤵ㸦ࢢ࣮ࣝࣉ㛗㸧ࠊ୰ᔱⱥ㞝ᩍᤵࠊ┿ᔱဴᮁᩍᤵࠊ➲஭ᏹ᫂ᩍᤵࠊ☾ᒣᝅᮁᩍᤵࠊ
ྂ⃝Ꮥᘯᩍᤵ
― 139 ―
ࠕḟୡ௦࢚ࣞࢡࢺࣟࢽࢡࢫࠖ◊✲ࢢ࣮ࣝࣉ
ᩍᤵ㸦ව௵㸧
ᯇᮏ ࿴ᙪ㸦ࢢ࣮ࣝࣉ㛗㸧ࠊᮅ᪥ ୍ࠊ⏣୰ ⚽࿴ࠊ➉㇂ ⣧୍ࠊ㮖ᑿ 㝯ࠊ
Ᏻ⸨ 㝧୍ࠊᏳ⸽ ⰾ㞝ࠊᑠཱྀ ከ⨾ኵ
a) ᴫせ
᪂ᶵ⬟ࢼࣀ࢚ࣞࢡࢺࣟࢽࢡࢫࢢ࣮ࣝࣉ࡛ࡣࠊୗグ࡟♧ࡍࡼ࠺࡟༙ᑟయࢆ୺࡞⣲ᮦ࡜ࡋࠊࡑࡢᮦᩱホ౯ࠊ
≀ᛶホ౯ࠊࢹࣂ࢖ࢫ≉ᛶホ౯ࡢ◊✲ࢆ୰ᚰ࡟⾜ࡗࡓࠋ
❅໬≀༙ᑟయࢆ࣮࣋ࢫ࡜ࡋࡓᐊ ㏱᫂Ⓨගᙉ☢ᛶ༙ᑟయࢆ๰〇࣭㛤Ⓨࡋࠊ᪂つ༙ᑟయࢼࣀࢫࣆࣥࢺࣟ
ࢽࢡࢫࢹࣂ࢖ࢫࡢ๰〇ࢆ┠ᣦࡋࡓ◊✲ࢆ⾜ࡗࡓࠋ㸦ᮅ᪥㸧
࣮࢝࣎ࣥࢼࣀࢳ࣮ࣗࣈࡢᚤ⣽࡞≉㛗ࢆ฼⏝ࡋࡓࢼࣀࢹࣂ࢖ࢫࠊ㔞Ꮚࢹࣂ࢖ࢫࡢ◊✲㛤Ⓨ࡜࡜ࡶ࡟ࠊᐇ
⏝໬ࢆ┠ᣦࡋࡓࢼࣀࢳ࣮ࣗࣈࣂ࢖࢜ࢭࣥࢧ࣮ࡢ㛤Ⓨࢆ⾜ࡗ࡚࠸ࡿࠋࡉࡽ࡟ࢢࣛࣇ࢙ࣥࡢ㧗㟁Ꮚ⛣ືᗘࢆ
฼⏝ࡋ࡚㑅ᢥⓗࣂ࢖࢜ࢭࣥࢧ࣮ࢆ㛤Ⓨࡋࡓࠋ㸦ᯇᮏ㸧
ศᏊࢼࣀ࢚ࣞࢡࢺࣟࢽࢡࢫ࡟ྥࡅࠊ༢ศᏊ࡟ග࣭㟁Ꮚ࣭☢Ẽ࡞࡝ࡢ」ྜᶵ⬟㞟✚ࢆᅗࡗࡓࢼࣀඹᙺศ
Ꮚࡢ㛤Ⓨ࡜༢ศᏊࢹࣂ࢖ࢫࡢ๰〇ࢆ⾜ࡗ࡚࠸ࡿࠋ㸦Ᏻ⸽㸧
㠀ᖖ࡟㧗 ࡛ᕧ኱≀ᛶࢆⓎ⌧ࡍࡿᶵ⬟ᛶ㓟໬≀࡟࠾࠸࡚ࠊ␗࡞ࡿᶵ⬟ࢆᣢࡘ≀㉁ࢆ⤌ࡳྜࢃࡏࡿࠕ࣊
ࢸࣟᵓ㐀ࠖࠊ᱁ẁ࡟ᑠࡉ࡞ࠕࢼࣀ࣊ࢸࣟᵓ㐀ࠖ࡟ࡼࡾࠊ≀ᛶⓎ⌧ࡢ※࡛࠶ࡿ㟁Ꮚ┦㛵ไᚚࢆ㏻ࡌᕧ኱≀
ᛶࢆไᚚࡍࡿ㓟໬≀ࢼࣀ࢚ࣞࢡࢺࣟࢽࢡࢫࡢᵓ⠏ࢆ⾜ࡗ࡚࠸ࡿࠋ㸦⏣୰㸧
ࢺ࣏ࣟࢪ࢝ࣝ⤯⦕యࡸࢺ࣏ࣟࢪ࢝ࣝ㉸ఏᑟయࢆᑐ㇟࡟ࠊ㧗ရ㉁༢⤖ᬗస〇࠿ࡽ≀ᛶゎ᫂ࡲ࡛ࢆ୍㈏ࡋ
࡚⾜࠸ࠊ㠉᪂ⓗ࡞㔞Ꮚᶵ⬟ࢹࣂ࢖ࢫࡢືసཎ⌮ࡢ㛤ᣅࢆ⾜ࡗ࡚࠸ࡿࠋᮏᖺᗘࡣࠊࢺ࣏ࣟࢪ࢝ࣝ⤯⦕య࣭
㉸ఏᑟయࡢ≀ᛶゎ᫂࡜ࠊඃࢀࡓ≉ᛶࢆ♧ࡍ᪂≀㉁ࡢ㛤Ⓨ࡟ὀຊࡋࡓࠋ
㸦Ᏻ⸨㸧
ሬᕸ࣭༳ๅἲ࡟ࡼࡗ࡚ࠊከᩘࡢ᭷ᶵ༙ᑟయࡢ༢⤖ᬗⷧ⭷ࢆ୍ᗘ࡟స〇ࡍࡿ᪉ἲࢆ㛤Ⓨࡋࠊᚑ᮶ࡢᛶ⬟
ࢆ㸯ࢣࢱୖᅇࡿ࢔ࢡࢸ࢕ࣈ࣐ࢺࣜࢵࢡࢫࣃࢿࣝࡢ〇సཬࡧᾮᬗࢹ࢕ࢫࣉࣞ࢖ࡢ㥑ື࡟ᡂຌࡋࡓࠋ
㸦➉㇂㸧
➨୍ཎ⌮ィ⟬࡟ᇶ࡙ࡁ≀ᛶࡢⓎ⌧ᶵᵓࡢゎ᫂࡟㛵ࡍࡿ◊✲ࢆ㐍ࡵ࡚࠸ࡿࠋ㑄⛣㔠ᒓከᒙ⭷࡟ᑐࡍࡿ⤖
ᬗ☢Ẽ␗᪉ᛶࠊ࣐ࣝࢳࣇ࢙ࣟ࢖ࢵࢡ≀㉁࡟࠾ࡅࡿ㟁Ẽ☢Ẽຠᯝ࡟ࡘ࠸࡚◊✲ࢆ㐍ࡵࡓࠋ㸦ᑠཱྀ㸧
㔞Ꮚ᝟ሗᐇ㦂࡟࠾ࡅࡿ᮲௳ኚ໬࡟ᑐࡋ࡚ࠊ㔞Ꮚ≧ែࢆ୙ኚ࡞㒊ศ࡜ኚ໬ࡍࡿ㒊ศ࡟ศ㞳᥎ᐃࡍࡿᡭἲ
࡟ࡘ࠸୍࡚ᒙࡢ㧗⢭ᗘ໬ࢆ⾜࠺◊✲ࢆ㐍ࡵࡓࠋ
㸦㮖ᑿ㸧
b) ᡂᯝ
࣭ᐊ Ⓨගᙉ☢ᛶ❅໬≀༙ᑟయࡢ๰〇࣭≉ᛶྥୖ࡜ࢼࣀᵓ㐀ࡢస〇
GaDyN/AlGaN MQW ᵓ㐀ࢆᡂ㛗ࡋࠊᐊ ᙉ☢ᛶࠊPL Ⓨගࢆほ ࡋࠊGaDyN ༢ᒙࡼࡾᙉ࠸㣬࿴☢໬ࢆ
♧ࡋࡓࠋGaGdN ࢼࣀࣟࢵࢻᵓ㐀࡟࠾࠸࡚ᙧ≧☢Ẽ␗᪉ᛶ࡟ࡼࡿ㠃ᆶ┤᪉ྥ☢໬ࡢቑ኱ࢆᐇ⌧ࡋࡓࠋ
InGaGdN/GaN ከ㔜㔞Ꮚࢹ࢕ࢫࢡᵓ㐀ࡢᡂ㛗࡟ᡂຌࡋࡓࠋࢺࣥࢿࣝ☢Ẽ᢬ᢠຠᯝ⣲Ꮚ⏝ GaDyN/GaN ஧㔜
㞀ቨᵓ㐀ࢆᡂ㛗ࡋࠊྛᒙࡢཌࡉ࡜☢ᛶࡢ㛫࡟┦㛵ࡢ࠶ࡿࡇ࡜ࢆศ࠿ࡗࡓࠋ
࣭࣮࢝࣎ࣥࢼࣀࢳ࣮ࣗࣈࢆ⏝࠸ࡓ㔞Ꮚࢼࣀ࣓ࣔࣜ
࣮࢝࣎ࣥࢼࣀࢳ࣮ࣗࣈࡢᚤ⣽┤ᚄࢆ฼⏝ࡍࡿ࡜ࠊ㟁⏺㞟୰ࡀ⏕ࡌࡿࡇ࡜ࢆ฼⏝ࡋࠊࢼࣀࢳ࣮ࣗࣈࡢ࿘
㎶࡟❅໬ࢩࣜࢥࣥ㸭㓟໬ࢩࣜࢥࣥࡢ㸰ᒙㄏ㟁య⭷ࢆᙧᡂࡋࠊࢤ࣮ࢺ㟁ᴟࢆᙧᡂࡍࡿ஦࡟ࡼࡾࠊᚑ᮶ࡢᖹ
㠃ᵓ㐀ࡢ 1/10 ࡢ 2V ࡢ᭩ࡁ㎸ࡳ㸭ㄞࡳฟࡋ㟁ᅽࢆᐇ⌧ࡋࡓࠋࡲࡓཎᏊᒙሁ✚ἲࢆ⏝࠸࡚ 10nm ࡢࢤ࣮ࢺ
㛗ࢆᐇ⌧ࡋࠊ༢୍ࡢ㟁Ⲵࡢ࣓ࣔࣜຠᯝࢆᐊ ᳨࡛ฟࡋࡓࠋ
࣭ࢢࣛࣇ࢙ࣥࢆ⏝࠸ࡓࣂ࢖࢜ࢭࣥࢧ࣮
ࢢࣛࣇ࢙ࣥࢆࢳࣕࢿࣝ࡜ࡍࡿ㟁⏺ຠᯝࢺࣛࣥࢪࢫࢱࢆసᡂࡋࠊ㟁ゎ⁐ᾮ୰࡛ືసࢆࡍࡿ஦ࢆ☜ㄆࡋࡓࠋ
ࡲࡓࢢࣛࣇ࢙ࣥ⾲㠃ࢆࣇࣛࢢ࣓ࣥࢺᢠయ࡛ಟ㣭ࡋࠊᢠཎ㸭ᢠయ཯ᛂࡀ㟁Ẽⓗ࡟᳨ฟ࡛ࡁࡿ஦ࢆึࡵ࡚♧
ࡋࡓࠋ
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࣭ศᏊ࢚ࣞࢡࢺࣟࢽࢡࢫᮦᩱࡢ㛤Ⓨ
ࣆࣜࢪࣝᇶࢆ୕⬮ᆺ࡟㓄⨨ࡋࡓ㟁ᴟ࢔࣮ࣥ࢝ࢆ㛤Ⓨࡋࠊࡇࢀࢆ୧➃࡟᭷ࡍࡿศᏊ࣡࢖ࣖࡢ༢ศᏊ㟁Ẽ
ఏᑟホ౯࡜⌮ㄽィ⟬࠿ࡽࠊʌ ㌶㐨ࡀ㛵୚ࡍࡿ㔠㟁ᴟ᥋ྜ࡜ LUMO ㌶㐨ࢆ௓ࡋࡓ㟁Ꮚఏᑟࢆ᫂ࡽ࠿࡟ࡋࡓࠋ
ࡇࡢ⤖ᯝࡣࠊ࢔࣮ࣥ࢝ࡢ✀㢮࡟ࡼࡗ࡚࢟ࣕࣜ࢔✀ࢆ㑅ᢥ࡛ࡁࡿ㐨ࢆᣅࡃ࡜ᮇᚅࡉࢀࡿࠋࡲࡓࠊ୧ᮎ➃࡟
ࢳ࣮࢜ࣝ࢔࣮ࣥ࢝ࢆ᭷ࡋࠊࡍ࡭࡚ࡢࢳ࢜ࣇ࢙ࣥ࡟࢔ࣝ࢟ࣝࣇࣝ࢜ࣞࣥࢆࢫࣆࣟᆺ࡟⨨᥮ࡉࢀࡓࠊ㙐㛗ࡢ
␗࡞ࡿ⤯⦕⿕そᆺ࢜ࣜࢦࢳ࢜ࣇ࢙ࣥศᏊ࣡࢖ࣖࡢྜᡂ㐩ᡂࡋࠊ≀ᛶ ᐃ࠿ࡽ⿕そࡢຠᯝࢆ᫂ࡽ࠿࡟ࡋࡓࠋ
ࡉࡽ࡟ STM ࣈ࣮ࣞࢡࢪࣕࣥࢡࢩࣙࣥἲ࡛༢ศᏊࡢ㟁Ẽఏᑟホ౯ࢆ㐩ᡂࡋࠊᖹ㠃ᛶࡀ㧗ࡃࢡࣟࢫࢺ࣮ࢡ
ࢆ㜼ᐖࡋࡓ࢜ࣜࢦࢳ࢜ࣇ࢙ࣥࡢᮏ㉁ⓗ࡞㟁Ẽఏᑟῶ⾶ᅉᏊࢆ᫂ࡽ࠿࡟ࡋࡓࠋ
㺃ᙉ┦㛵㓟໬≀ࢼࣀ࢚ࣞࢡࢺࣟࢽࢡࢫࡢᵓ⠏ࡢ◊✲
ᐊ ࡛ᕧ኱㔠ᒓʊ⤯⦕య┦㌿⛣ࢆ♧ࡋࠊᕧ኱ On/Off ẚຠᯝࡀᮇᚅ࡛ࡁࡿ஧㓟໬ࣂࢼࢪ࣒࢘(VO2)ⷧ⭷
࡟࠾࠸࡚Pm ࢧ࢖ࢬࡢᕧ኱㟁Ꮚ┦ࢆぢ࠸ࡔࡋࡓࠋࡲࡓ VO2 ࢆ⏝࠸ࡓࣇ࣮ࣜࢫࢱࣥࢹ࢕ࣥࢢᵓ㐀యࢆస〇
ࡋࠊᚑ᮶ࡢ VO2 ⷧ⭷⣲Ꮚ࡟ẚ࡭࡚ 1/100 ࡢ㟁ຊ࡛᭩ࡁ㎸ࡳࡀ࡛ࡁࡿከ್࣓ࣔࣜຠᯝࢆᐇドࡋࡓࠋᮾ໭኱
ከඖ◊࡜ࡢඹྠ◊✲࡟࠾࠸࡚ᙉ☢ᛶ㓟໬≀ࢼࣀ⣽⥺ࡢ☢Ẽ࣍ࣟࣈࣛࣇ࢕࣮ほᐹ࡟ྲྀࡾ⤌ࢇࡔࠋ
࣭ࢺ࣏ࣟࢪ࢝ࣝ⤯⦕య࣭㉸ఏᑟయࡢᇶ♏◊✲
᫖ᖺᗘ୰࡟ᡃࠎࡣ Bi2Te2Se ࡜࠸࠺≀㉁ࡀ᱁ẁ࡟㧗࠸ࣂࣝࢡ⤯⦕ᛶࢆᣢࡘࢺ࣏ࣟࢪ࢝ࣝ⤯⦕య᪂≀㉁࡛
࠶ࡿࡇ࡜ࢆⓎぢࡋࡓࡀࠊࡇࡢ㛵㐃≀㉁࡛࠶ࡿ Bi2-xSbxTe3-xSex ࡟࠾࠸࡚ࠊBi2Te2Se ࡼࡾࡶࡉࡽ࡟ඃࢀࡓࣂ
ࣝࢡ⤯⦕ᛶࢆ♧ࡍ୍㐃ࡢ⤌ᡂࢆⓎぢࡋࡓࠋࡉࡽ࡟ࡇࡢ Bi2-xSbxTe3-xSex ࡢ᭱㐺໬࡟ࡼࡾࠊ⾲㠃ఏᑟ⋡ࡀࣂ
ࣝࢡఏᑟ⋡ࢆୖᅇࡿ༢⤖ᬗヨᩱࢆୡ⏺࡛ึࡵ࡚ᐇ⌧ࡋࡓࠋࡲࡓࠊࢺ࣏ࣟࢪ࢝ࣝ⤯⦕య࡟㟁Ꮚࢆὀධࡋࡓ
㉸ఏᑟయ࡛࠶ࡿ CuxBi2Se3 ࡀࠊ⾲㠃࡟࣐ࣚࣛࢼ⢏Ꮚࡢฟ⌧ࢆక࠺ࢺ࣏ࣟࢪ࢝ࣝ㉸ఏᑟయ࡜ࡋ࡚᭱ึࡢල
య౛࡛࠶ࡿࡇ࡜ࢆⓎぢࡋࡓࠋ
࣭༳ๅἲ࡟ࡼࡿ㧗⛣ືᗘ᭷ᶵࢺࣛࣥࢪࢫࢱࡢ࢔ࢡࢸ࢕ࣈ࣐ࢺࣜࢵࢡࢫ㛤Ⓨ
⁐ᾮࢆሬᕸࡋࡓᚋ࡟୍᪉ྥ࡟஝⇱ࡉࡏࡿᡭἲ࡟ࡼࡗ࡚ࠊ㧗㏿࡟᭷ᶵ༢⤖ᬗⷧ⭷ࢆᙧᡂࡍࡿᡭἲࢆⓎ
ᒎࡉࡏࠊ1000 ಶࡢࢺࣛࣥࢪࢫࢱ࢔ࣞ࢖ࢆྠ᫬࡟〇సࡍࡿࣉࣟࢭࢫࢆᐇ⌧ࡋࡓࠋࡲࡓࠊᚑ᮶ࡼࡾ 1 ᱆㧗ᛶ
⬟ࡢ᭷ᶵࢺࣛࣥࢪࢫࢱ࡟ࡼࡗ࡚࢔ࢡࢸ࢕ࣈ࣐ࢺࣜࢵࢡࢫࣃࢿࣝࢆᵓᡂࡋࠊᾮᬗࢹ࢕ࢫࣉࣞ࢖ࡢ㥑ື࡟ࡶ
ᡂຌࡋࡓࠋᮏᡂᯝࡣࠊᑗ᮶ࡢࣉࣜࣥࢸࢵࢻ࢚ࣞࢡࢺࣟࢽࢡࢫ⏘ᴗ࡟ᐤ୚ࡍࡿᢏ⾡࡜ࡋ࡚ὀ┠ࡉࢀࠊ
nanotech2012 ኱㈹ࣉࣟࢪ࢙ࢡࢺ㈹ࢆཷ㈹ࡍࡿ࡞࡝ࠊ⏘ᴗ⏺࡛ࡶ㧗ࡃホ౯ࡉࢀ࡚࠸ࡿࠋ
࣭➨୍ཎ⌮ィ⟬࡟ࡼࡿ≀ᛶࡢᶵᵓゎ᫂
☢Ẽ␗᪉ᛶࡢ࠺ࡕࢫࣆࣥ㌶㐨┦஫స⏝࡟㉳ᅉࡍࡿ⤖ᬗ☢Ẽ␗᪉ᛶ࡟㛵ࡋ࡚FePtࡸCoPt࡛ࡢᵓ㐀ࡢ㐪࠸
࡟ࡼࡿ☢Ẽ␗᪉ᛶࡢኚ໬࡟㛵ࡋ࡚㟁Ꮚ≧ែ࡟ᇶ࡙ࡃ㆟ㄽࢆ㐍ࡵ࡚࠸ࡿࠋࡲࡓࠊᙧ≧☢Ẽ␗᪉ᛶࡢ㉳※࡟
㛵ࡋ࡚ࡶ㆟ㄽࢆ⾜ࡗࡓࠋ࣐ࣝࢳࣇ࢙ࣟ࢖ࢵࢡ≀㉁࡟ࡘ࠸࡚ࡣBa2CoGe2O7࡟࠾࠸࡚ࠊࢫࣆࣥ㌶㐨┦஫స⏝
࡟ࡼࡾ⏕ࡎࡿᙉㄏ㟁ศᴟࡢⓎ⌧ᶵᵓࢆ᫂ࡽ࠿࡟ࡋࡓࠋ
࣭㔞Ꮚ᝟ሗᐇ㦂࡟࠾ࡅࡿ㔞Ꮚ≧ែ᥎ᐃᡭἲࡢ㛤Ⓨ
㔞Ꮚ᝟ሗฎ⌮ࢹࣂ࢖ࢫࡣࠊ㠉᪂ⓗ࡞᝟ሗฎ⌮ࢆྍ⬟࡟ࡍࡿ₯ᅾຊࢆ᭷ࡋ࡚࠸ࡿࠋ㔞Ꮚ≧ែࡣࠊ⫼ᚋࡢ
≀⌮ⓗ࣓࢝ࢽࢬ࣒࡟ࡼࡗ࡚༙ṇᐃᛶ࡜࠸࠺ᩘᏛⓗᛶ㉁ࢆ‶ࡓࡍࠋᮏ◊✲࡛ࡣࡇࢀࢆ฼⏝ࡋ࡚ࠊ」㞧࡞㔞
Ꮚ᝟ሗᐇ㦂⤖ᯝ࠿ࡽ㔞Ꮚ≧ែࢆᐇ㦂᮲௳ࡢኚ໬࡟ᑐࡋ࡚୙ኚ࡞㒊ศ࡜ኚ໬ࡍࡿ㒊ศ࡟ศ㞳᥎ᐃࡍࡿ◊
✲ࢆ㐍ࡵࠊࡑࢀࢆୡ⏺࡛ึࡵ࡚ྍ⬟࡟ࡍࡿ⌮ㄽⓗᯟ⤌ࡳࢆᚓࡓࠋ
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ࠕ᪂࢚ࢿࣝࢠ࣮ᮦᩱ࣭ࢹࣂ࢖ࢫࠖ◊✲ࢢ࣮ࣝࣉ
ᩍᤵ㸦ව௵㸧
ᑠᯘ ග㸦ࢢ࣮ࣝࣉ㛗㸧
ࠊⳢ἟ ඞ᫛ࠊ㇂ᮧ ඞᕫࠊ➉⏣ ⢭἞ࠊ἟ᑿ ṇ⾜ࠊ
㕥ᮌ ೺அࠊ㄃⏣ ⩏ⱥ
a) ᴫせ
ᚑ᮶ࠊ200Υ௨ୖᚲせ࡛࠶ࡗࡓ㖟ࢼࣀ࣡࢖ࣖ㏱᫂ᑟ㟁⭷ࡢస〇࡟࠾࠸࡚ࠊࣉࣞࢫἲࢆ㛤Ⓨࡍࡿࡇ࡜࡛ࠊ
ᐊ స〇ࢆྍ⬟࡟ࡋࡓࠋࡇࡢ᪉ἲࡣࠊ㏱᫂ᑟ㟁⭷ࡢ⾲㠃⢒ࡉࢆ኱ᖜ࡟ῶᑡࡉࡏࡿ࡜࠸࠺ຠᯝࡶేࡏᣢࡘࠋ
㸦Ⳣ἟㸧
༙ᑟయࢆ⏝࠸ࡓග࢚ࢿࣝࢠ࣮ኚ᥮⣲Ꮚࡢ㧗ຠ⋡໬࡟ࡴࡅ࡚ࠊexcess energy ࡟౫Ꮡࡍࡿගບ㉳࢟ࣕࣜࣖ
ࡢ⾲㠃࣭⏺㠃࡟࠾ࡅࡿືຊᏛⓗᣲືࢆࠊග㟁Ꮚศගࢆ⏝࠸࡚ࣇ࢙࣒ࢺ⛊ࡢ᫬㛫ศゎ⬟࡛┤᥋㏣㊧࣭ゎ᫂
ࡍࡿ◊✲ࢆ⾜ࡗࡓࠋ㸦㇂ᮧ㸧
⎔ቃไᚚᆺ㏱㐣㟁Ꮚ㢧ᚤ㙾ࢆ⏝࠸࡚ࠊ㓟໬ࢭ࣒ࣜ࢘ୖ࡟ᢸᣢࡉࢀࡓ㔠ࢼࣀ⢏Ꮚゐ፹ࡢ୍㓟໬Ⅳ⣲㓟໬
཯ᛂᶵᵓࡢゎ᫂ࢆ┠ᣦࡋ◊✲ࢆ㐍ࡵࡓࠋ㸦➉⏣㸧
⇞ᩱ㟁ụ࡟࠾ࡅࡿ≀⌮ⓗຎ໬ᶵᵓࡢゎ᫂࠾ࡼࡧ┘どࢩࢫࢸ࣒ࡢࡓࡵࡢᇶ┙ᢏ⾡ᵓ⠏࡟ྥࡅ࡚ࠊࢹ࣮ࢱ
࣐࢖ࢽࣥࢢᢏ⾡࡟ᇶ࡙ࡃ▱ⓗᦆയホ౯ἲ࡟㛵ࡍࡿ◊✲ࢆ㐍ࡵࡓࠋ㸦἟ᑿ㸧
┬࢚ࢿࣝࢠ࣮ࠊ⎔ቃㄪ࿴ᆺ㓟໬ࣉࣟࢭࢫࢆ┠ᣦࡋࠊ࢖ࣜࢪ࣒࢘㘒యゐ፹ࢆ⏝࠸ࡿࢪ࣮࢜ࣝࡢ㓟໬ⓗ㠀
ᑐ⛠໬཯ᛂࢆᇶ┙࡜ࡍࡿࢱࣥࢹ࣒ᆺࡢ᪂つ୙ᩧゐ፹཯ᛂࢆ◊✲ࡋࡓࠋ
㸦㕥ᮌ㸧
࣐࢞ࣥ⥺ࡸ㔞Ꮚࣅ࣮࣒ࠊ㝧㟁Ꮚ➼ࢆ⏝࠸ᮦᩱゎᯒࢆ⾜ࡗ࡚࠾ࡾࠊ≉࡟⇞ᩱ㟁ụ⏝㧗ศᏊ㟁ゎ㉁⭷ࡢࣛ
ࢪ࢝ࣝ཯ᛂ㐣⛬ࢆ୰ᚰ࡟◊✲ࢆ⾜ࡗࡓࠋ㸦㄃⏣㸧
ග໬Ꮫⓗ⁐ゎἲࡢ཯ᛂࢆไᚚࡍࡿࡇ࡜࡛ࠊ㔞Ꮚࢧ࢖ࢬຠᯝࢆ♧ࡍࣂࣥࢻࢠࣕࢵࣉࡢᗈ࠸ࢩࣜࢥࣥࢼࣀ
ࣃ࣮ࢸ࢕ࢡࣝࢆຠ⋡ⓗ࡟๰〇ࡋࠊࡉࡽ࡟ࡑࢀࢆ⏝࠸࡚ᙧᡂࡋࡓ pn ᥋ྜኴ㝧㟁ụࡢ≉ᛶࢆྥୖࡉࡏࡿ◊
✲ࢆ⾜ࡗࡓࠋ㸦ᑠᯘ㸧
b) ᡂᯝ
࣭ኴ㝧㟁ụᇶᯈ࡬ࡢ㟁ᴟ࣭㓄⥺ࡢప ᐇ⿦ᢏ⾡ࡢ㛤Ⓨ
㖟ࢼࣀ࣡࢖ࣖ㏱᫂ᑟ㟁⭷ࡣࠊࣇࣞ࢟ࢩࣈࣝᛶࢆ᭷ࡍࡿ㏱᫂ᑟ㟁⭷࡜ࡋ࡚ὀ┠ࡉࢀ࡚࠸ࡿࠋࡋ࠿ࡋࠊ㖟
ࢼࣀ࣡࢖ࣖ㏱᫂ᑟ㟁⭷ࡣ⾲㠃⢒ࡉࡀ኱ࡁ࠸ࡓࡵࠊ㖟ࢼࣀ࣡࢖ࣖ㏱᫂ᑟ㟁⭷ୖ࡟ⷧ⭷ࢹࣂ࢖ࢫࢆస〇ࡍࡿ
㝿࡟㟁ᴟ㛫ࡀᑟ㏻ࡍࡿㄢ㢟ࡀ⏕ࡌ࡚࠸ࡓ(ᕥᅗ)ࠋᡃࠎࡣࠊࣉࣞࢫἲࢆ⏝࠸࡚㖟ࢼࣀ࣡࢖ࣖ㛫ࢆᅽ╔ࡋࠊ
㖟ࢼࣀ࣡࢖ࣖ㏱᫂ᑟ㟁⭷ࢆᐊ స〇ࡋࡓࠋࣉࣞࢫࡋࡓ㖟ࢼࣀ࣡࢖ࣖ㏱᫂ᑟ㟁⭷ࡣᑠࡉ࡞⾲㠃⢒ࡉࢆ᭷ࡋ
࡚࠸ࡿࡓࡵࠊ㖟ࢼࣀ࣡࢖ࣖ㏱᫂ᑟ㟁⭷ୖ࡬ࡢⷧ⭷ࢹࣂ࢖ࢫࡢస〇ࡀᐜ᫆࡟࡞ࡗࡓ㸦ୗᅗ)ࠋ
࣭ࣇ࢙࣒ࢺ⛊᫬㛫ศゎග㟁Ꮚศගἲ࡟ࡼࡿ༙ᑟయ⾲㠃࣭⏺㠃ࡢ㉸㧗㏿࢟ࣕࣜࣖືຊᏛࡢ◊✲
ྍどගບ㉳࡛ Si ࠾ࡼࡧ GaAs ⤖ᬗ୰࡟Ⓨ⏕ࡋࡓບ㉳㟁Ꮚࡢ⦆࿴࣭ᾘ⁛㐣⛬ࢆࠊ100 fs ࡢ᫬㛫ศゎ⬟࡛
ᐇ᫬㛫㏣㊧ࡋࡓࠋගᏛ㑄⛣☜⋡࡛Ỵࡲࡿ㐠ື㔞࡜࢚ࢿࣝࢠ࣮ࡢ≉ᐃⅬ࡟Ⓨ⏕ࡋࡓບ㉳㟁Ꮚࡣࠊᖹ⾮ศᕸ
ࢆ㐩ᡂࡍࡿ௨๓ࡢ࣍ࢵࢺ࡞≧ែࡢࡲࡲࠊ⾲㠃≧ែ࣭⾲㠃Ḟ㝗≧ែ࡬ຠ⋡ⓗ࡟㑄⛣ࡋ࡚෌⤖ྜࡍࡿ஦ࡀ᫂
ࡽ࠿࡟࡞ࡗࡓࠋ
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࣭ゐ፹཯ᛂ⎔ቃୗ࡟࠾ࡅࡿᢸᣢ㔠ࢼࣀ⢏Ꮚゐ፹ࡢᙧែ࡜⾲㠃ᵓ㐀ࡢゎ᫂
㓟໬ࢭ࣒ࣜ࢘ୖ࡟ᢸᣢࡉࢀࡓ㔠ࢼࣀ⢏Ꮚࡢᙧ≧ࡀࠊ཯ᛂ࢞ࢫ୰ࡢ୍㓟໬Ⅳ⣲࡜㓟⣲ࡢศᅽ࡟ᛂࡌ࡚⣔
⤫ⓗ࡟ኚ໬ࡍࡿࡇ࡜ࢆぢฟࡋࡓࠋ୍㓟໬Ⅳ⣲ࡢ྾╔ࡣ{111}㠃ࡸ{100}㠃࡟ᅖࡲࢀࡓከ㠃యᙧ≧ࢆᏳᐃ࡟
ࡋࠊ㓟⣲ࡣ୸ࡳࢆᖏࡧࡓᙧ≧ࢆㄏ㉳ࡍࡿࠋࡉࡽ࡟ࠊ཯ᛂ⎔ቃୗ࡛ࠊ୍㓟໬Ⅳ⣲ࡢ྾╔࡟ࡼࡾ㔠ࢼࣀ⢏Ꮚ
ࡢ{100}⾲㠃ᵓ㐀ࡀභ᪉᱁Ꮚ࡟෌ᵓᡂࡍࡿࡇ࡜ࡶ᫂ࡽ࠿࡟ࡋࡓࠋ௨ୖࡢᡂᯝࡣࠊ㔠ࢼࣀ⢏Ꮚࡢゐ፹ᶵᵓ
ࢆゎ᫂ࡍࡿୖ࡛㔜せ࡞ᡭࡀ࠿ࡾ࡜࡞ࡿࠋ
࣭⇞ᩱ㟁ụࡢᵓᡂ㒊ᮦ㛫ࡢຊᏛⓗᙳ㡪ࡢ᥎ᐃἲࡢ㛤Ⓨ
ᅛయ㓟໬≀⇞ᩱ㟁ụࡢᵓᡂ㒊ᮦ㛫ࡢຊᏛ㛵ಀࢆ᥎ᐃࡍࡿࡓࡵࠊᦆയィ ಙྕ࡛࠶ࡿ Acoustic Emission
(AE)஦㇟ࡢ⣔ิ࠿ࡽࠊ㢖ฟࡍࡿᦆയࣃࢱ࣮ࣥࢆ㧗⢭ᗘ࡟ᢳฟࡍࡿ⊂⮬࢔ࣝࢦࣜࢬ࣒ࡢ᭷⏝ᛶࢆ᳨ドࡋࡓࠋ
ᅛయ㓟໬≀⇞ᩱ㟁ụࡢᵓᡂ㒊ᮦ㛫ࡢຊᏛ㛵ಀ࡟㛵ࡋ࡚ࠊึᮇࡢᑠࡉ࡞ࡁ⿣ࡸᨭᣢᮦ࡛࠶ࡿ࢞ࣛࢫࢩ࣮ࣝ
ᮦࡢ཰⦰ࡀ඲యࡢ◚ቯࡢ㐍ᒎ࡟኱ࡁࡃᙳ㡪ࡋ࡚࠸ࡿࡇ࡜ࢆ᫂ࡽ࠿࡟ࡋࡓࠋࡲࡓࠊᮏᡭἲࡢࣜࢳ࣒࢘࢖࢜
ࣥ㟁ụ࡬ࡢ㐺⏝ࢆ㛤ጞࡋࡓࠋ
࣭㓟໬ⓗ㠀ᑐ⛠໬ࢆᇶ┙࡜ࡍࡿࢱࣥࢹ࣒ゐ፹཯ᛂ
ࢡ࣮ࣜࣥ࡞㓟໬๣ࢆ⏝࠸ࡿゐ፹཯ᛂࡢ㛤Ⓨࡣ᭱㔜せㄢ㢟ࡢ୍ࡘ࡛࠶ࡿࠋࡲࡓᑐ⛠ࢪ࣮࢜ࣝࡢ㠀ᑐ⛠໬
ࡣ࢟ࣛࣝࣅࣝࢹ࢕ࣥࢢࣈࣟࢵࢡࢆྜᡂࡍࡿୖ࡛᭷ຠ࡞ᡭẁ࡛࠶ࡿࠋ௒ᅇࠊ࢟ࣛࣝ࢖ࣜࢪ࣒࢘㘒యࢆ⏝࠸ࠊ
࣓ࢯࢪ࣮࢜ࣝࡢ㓟໬ⓗ㠀ᑐ⛠໬཯ᛂࢆ㘽཯ᛂ࡜ࡍࡿࢱࣥࢹ࣒ᆺࡢゐ፹୙ᩧ཯ᛂࢆ㛤Ⓨࡋࡓࠋࡉࡽ࡟ᮏ཯
ᛂࢆᒎ㛤ࡋࠊ୙ᩧỈ⣲⮬ື⛣ືࣉࣟࢭࢫࡶ㐍⾜ࡍࡿࡇ࡜ࡶぢฟࡋࡓࠋ
࣭ࣃࣝࢫࣛࢪ࢜ࣜࢩࢫ࡟ࡼࡿ㧗ศᏊ㟁ゎ㉁⭷ࡢ◊✲
㧗ศᏊ㟁ゎ㉁⭷࡟ᑐࡍࡿⷧ⭷㟁Ꮚ⥺ࣃࣝࢫࣛࢪ࢜ࣜࢩࢫἲ࡟ࡼࡾࠊᮏᖺᗘࡣྵỈ㔞ࢆㄪᩚࡋࡓ Nafion
࡟࠾࠸࡚ࢻ࣮ࣉࡋࡓᇶ㉁ࢆ⏝࠸࡚ຎ໬㐣⛬ࢆ᳨ウࡋࡓࠋNafion ୰ࡢྵỈ㔞ࡢపୗ࡟ࡼࡾࠊࣄࢻࣟ࢟ࢩࣝ
ࣛࢪ࢝ࣝ(OHƔ)௜ຍ≀ࡢ⏕ᡂࡀᢚไࡉࢀࡓࠋ┤᥋㓟໬࡟ࡼࡿ୍㟁Ꮚ㓟໬≀ࡢ⏕ᡂ㔞ࡣኚ໬ࡋ࡞࠿ࡗࡓࠋ
OHƔࡢ⏕ᡂࡣぶỈᛶࢡࣛࢫࢱ࣮㒊఩ࡢ-SO3-࡟ hydrate ࡋ࡚࠸ࡿỈศᏊ࠿ࡽ⏕ᡂࡉࢀࡿࡇ࡜ࡀ♧၀ࡉࢀࡓࠋ
㟁Ꮚ⥺ࣃࣝࢫࣛࢪ࢜ࣜࢩࢫἲ࡟ࡼࡿ OHƔຎ໬ィ ᡭἲࡢ㛤Ⓨࢆ⾜ࡗࡓࠋ
࣭ࢩࣜࢥࣥࢼࣀࣃ࣮ࢸ࢕ࢡࣝࢆ⏝࠸ࡿኴ㝧㟁ụ
ࢩࣜࢥࣥࡢษ⢊ࢆ࣮࣑࣎ࣝࣝ⢊○ᚋࠊගᏛࣇ࢕ࣝࢱ࣮ࢆ⏝࠸ࡓග໬Ꮫ࢚ࢵࢳࣥࢢ࡟ࡼࡾ⁐ゎࡉࡏࡿࡇ
࡜࡛ࠊࢩࣜࢥࣥࢼࣀࣃ࣮ࢸ࢕ࢡࣝࢆᙧᡂࡋࡓࠋᙧᡂࡋࡓࢩࣜࢥࣥࢼࣀࣃ࣮ࢸ࢕ࢡࣝ࠿ࡽࡣࠊ㹼400nm ࡟
ᙉ࠸㟷Ⰽࡢࣇ࢛ࢺ࣑ࣝࢿࢵࢭࣥࢫࣆ࣮ࢡࡀほ ࡉࢀࠊ㔞Ꮚࢧ࢖ࢬຠᯝ࡟ࡼࡿࣂࣥࢻࢠࣕࢵࣉࡢᗈࡀࡾࡀ
☜ㄆࡉࢀࡓࠋp ᆺࢩࣜࢥࣥࢼࣀࣃ࣮ࢸ࢕ࢡࣝ/n ᆺ༢⤖ᬗࢩࣜࢥࣥᵓ㐀ࡣⰋዲ࡞ᩚὶᛶࢆ♧ࡋࠊࡉࡽ࡟◪
㓟㓟໬ἲࢆ⏝࠸ࡿࡇ࡜࡛ࢩࣜࢥࣥࢼࣀࣃ࣮ࢸ࢕ࢡࣝࡢᐦ╔ᛶࡀྥୖࡋࠊගᛂ⟅ᛶࡀྥୖࡍࡿࡇ࡜ࡀࢃ࠿
ࡗࡓࠋ
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ࠕ་⒪ᮦᩱ࣭ࢹࣂ࢖ࢫ࣭ࢩࢫࢸ࣒ࠖ◊✲ࢢ࣮ࣝࣉ
ᩍᤵ㸦ව௵㸧
୰㇂ ࿴ᙪ㸦ࢢ࣮ࣝࣉ㛗㸧ࠊඵᮌ ᗣྐࠊ⁁ཱྀ ⌮୍㑻ࠊຍ⸨ ಟ㞝ࠊ㇂⃝ ඞ⾜ࠊ
ᒣཱྀ ᫂ேࠊ㇂ཱྀ ṇ㍤ࠊỌ஭ ೺἞
a) ᴫせ
་⒪ᮦᩱ࣭ࢹࣂ࢖ࢫ࣭ࢩࢫࢸ࣒࡛ࡣࠊୗグ࡟♧ࡍࡼ࠺࡟ࠊ㑇ఏᏊ㸭⸆๣ࢹࣜࣂ࣮ࣜࢩࢫࢸ࣒ࠊ⏕⌮ά
ᛶ≀㉁ࡢ⭷㍺㏦య࡟ࡼࡿᒁᅾᛶࡢไᚚࠊ᭷ᶵపศᏊ࡟ࡼࡿࢱࣥࣃࢡ㉁ࡢᶵ⬟ไᚚࠊከ㠃య㙾ࢆ⏝࠸ࡓ᧜
ീࢹࣂ࢖ࢫࠊ㑇ఏᏊ᳨ᰝᢏ⾡ࡢ㛤Ⓨࠊ㸯ศᏊ᳨ฟ࣭㆑ูࢹࣂ࢖ࢫࡢ㛤Ⓨࠊ㧗ឤᗘ⺯ගࢱࣥࣃࢡ㉁ࢭࣥࢧ
࣮࡜ࠊே㛫⾜ືࣔࢹࣝࡢグ㏙ᯟ⤌ࡳ࡟㛵ࡍࡿ◊✲ࢆ୰ᚰ࡟⾜ࡗࡓࠋ
≉ᐃࡢ⮚ჾࡸ⤌⧊࡟ࣆ࣏ࣥ࢖ࣥࢺ࡛⸆๣ࡸ㑇ఏᏊࢆ㏦㐩ࡍࡿࣂ࢖࢜ࢼࣀ࢝ࣉࢭࣝࡢᶆⓗ≉␗ᛶࢆኚ
᥮ࡍࡿࡓࡵ࡟ࠊࣉࣟࢸ࢖ࣥ G ࠾ࡼࡧ L ࡢᢠయ⤖ྜ㒊఩ࢆ⾲ᒙ࡟ᥦ♧ࡍࡿࣂ࢖࢜ࢼࣀ࢝ࣉࢭࣝࢆ㛤Ⓨࡋࠊ
ᵝࠎ࡞ື≀✀࡟⏤᮶ࡍࡿ✀ࠎࡢᢠయࢆ⤖ྜ࡛ࡁࡿࡇ࡜ࢆ᫂ࡽ࠿࡟ࡋࡓࠋ㸦㇂⃝㸧
࢔ࢲࣉࢱ࣮ࢱࣥࣃࢡ㉁࡜ࡋ࡚⣽⬊ෆಙྕఏ㐩⤒㊰ୖ࡛㔜せ࡞ᙺ๭ࢆᯝࡓࡋ࡚࠸ࡿ 14-3-3 ࢱࣥࣃࢡ㉁
ࡢࢡࣛ࢖࢔ࣥࢺ࣌ࣉࢳࢻ㑅ᢥⓗࣔࢹ࣮ࣗࣞࢱࡢ๰〇◊✲ࢆᒎ㛤ࡋࡓࠋ
㸦ຍ⸨㸧
༙㏱᫂≀యෆ㒊࡛ほ ࡉࢀࡿ༢୍ᩓ஘ࡢᙉᗘࢆゎᯒࡍࡿࡇ࡜࡛ࠊࡑࡢ⾲㠃ᙧ≧ࢆ᥎ᐃࡍࡿᡭἲࢆ㛤Ⓨ
ࡋࡓࠋ㸦ඵᮌ㸧
ே㛫⾜ືࣔࢹࣝࡢグ㏙ࢶ࣮ࣝ CHARM ࢆࢱࣈࣞࢵࢺࢥࣥࣆ࣮ࣗࢱ࡟⛣᳜ࡋ࡚ CHARM-Pad ࢆ㛤Ⓨࡋࡓࠋ
኱㜰ཌ⏕ᖺ㔠⑓㝔࡟࠾ࡅࡿ ICU ┳ㆤᡭ㡰ࡢ◊ಟࢆᑐ㇟࡟ࡋ࡚㐺⏝ࡋࠊホ౯ᐇドヨ㦂ࢆィ⏬ࡋࡓࠋ(⁁ཱྀ)
ࢫࣇ࢕ࣥࢦࢩࣥ 1 ࣜࣥ㓟ࡢ㍺㏦య SPNS2 ࣀࢵࢡ࢔࢘ࢺ࣐࢘ࢫࡢゎᯒ࡟ࡼࡾࠊච␿ᶵ⬟࡟ᚲ㡲࡞ T ⣽
⬊ࡢ⾑୰࡬ࡢฟ⌧࡟ SPNS2 ࡀᚲ㡲࡛࠶ࡿࡇ࡜ࢆⓎぢࡋࡓࠋࡲࡓࠊୡ⏺ึࡢ㜼ᐖ๣⤖ྜᆺ␗≀᤼ฟࢱࣥࣃ
ࢡᵓ㐀ࡢỴᐃ࡟ᡂຌࡋࠊ≉␗ⓗ࡞㜼ᐖ๣⤖ྜࣆࢵࢺࢆⓎぢࡋ࡚ࠊ␗≀᤼ฟࢱࣥࣃࢡࡢ㜼ᐖ๣≉␗ᛶࡢᵓ
㐀ⓗᇶ┙ࢆ᫂ࡽ࠿࡟ࡋࡓ㸦ᒣཱྀ㸧
㑇ఏᏊࡢ୍ሷᇶከᆺࢆ㎿㏿ࠊ⡆౽࡟᳨ฟࡍࡿࠕ࣊࢔ࣆࣥࣉࣛ࢖࣐࣮PCR ἲࠖࢆᨵⰋࡋࡓࢩࢢࢼࣝቑ኱
ᆺࢆ㛤Ⓨࡋࠊ࢘࢕ࣝࢫ᳨ฟ࡟ࡘ࠸࡚ࡢ◊✲ࢆᒎ㛤ࡋࡓࠋ㸦୰㇂㸧
DNA㸯ศᏊࡢὶື㏿ᗘࢆ㸱᱆ࡢ⠊ᅖ࡛ไᚚࡍࡿࢼࣀࢹࣂ࢖ࢫࢆస〇ࡋࠊ㸯ศᏊ᳨ฟ࣭㆑ูࢹࣂ࢖ࢫࡢ
ࢥ࢔ᢏ⾡࡜࡞ࡿ㸯ศᏊࢲ࢖ࢼ࣑ࢡࢫไᚚᢏ⾡ࢆ㛤Ⓨࡋࡓࠋ
㸦㇂ཱྀ㸧
⺯ගࢱࣥࣃࢡ㉁ࡢ෇㡰ิኚ␗ἲཬࡧ㧗ຠ⋡ࢫࢡ࣮ࣜࢽࣥࢢἲࡢ㛤Ⓨ࡟ࡼࡾࠊ㟷࣭⥳࣭㉥Ⰽࡢ Ca2+ࢭࣥ
ࢧ࣮ࡢ㛤Ⓨ࡟ᡂຌࡋࡓ㸦Ọ஭㸧
b) ᡂᯝ
࣭᪂ࡋ࠸་⒪ᮦᩱ࣭ࢹࣂ࢖ࢫ࡜ࡋ࡚ࡢࣂ࢖࢜ࢼࣀ࢝ࣉࢭࣝࡢ㛤Ⓨ࡜ᛂ⏝㸦㇂⃝㸧
B ᆺ⫢⅖࢘࢕ࣝࢫࡢ⾲㠃ᢠཎ L ࢱࣥࣃࢡ㉁࡛ᵓᡂࡉࢀࡿࣂ࢖࢜ࢼࣀ࢝ࣉࢭࣝ㸦BNC㸧ࡣࠊࡑࡢෆ㒊࡟
ᵝࠎ࡞⸆๣㸦་⸆ࠊࢱࣥࣃࢡ㉁ࠊ㑇ఏᏊ➼㸧ࢆᑒධࡍࡿࡇ࡜࡛ࠊࣄࢺ⫢⮚≉␗ⓗ࡟ࣆ࣏ࣥ࢖ࣥࢺ㏦㐩࡛
ࡁࡿ GDS/DDS ⏝࢟ࣕࣜ࢔࡜ࡋ࡚᭷⏝࡛࠶ࡿࠋᮏᖺᗘࡣࠊBNC ⾲ᒙ࡟ࣉࣟࢸ࢖ࣥ G ࡸࣉࣟࢸ࢖ࣥ L ࡢ
ᢠయ⤖ྜࣔࢪ࣮ࣗࣝࢆᥦ♧ࡉࡏࠊࡇࢀ࡟ᵝࠎ࡞⏕≀✀⏤᮶ࡢ✀ࠎࡢᢠయࢆ⤖ྜࡉࡏࡿࡇ࡜࡛⏕యෆࡢ௵
ពࡢ⣽⬊ࡸ⤌⧊࡟ᶆⓗࢆᨵኚࡍࡿࡇ࡜ࡀྍ⬟࡜࡞ࡗࡓࠋ
࣭ࣇࢩࢥࢡࢩࣥㄏᑟయ࡟ࡼࡿࣜࣥ㓟໬࣌ࣉࢳࢻ㑅ᢥⓗ࡞ 14-3-3 ࢱࣥࣃࢡ㉁ࡢᶵ⬟ไᚚ㸦ຍ⸨㸧
14-3-3 ࢱࣥࣃࢡ㉁ࡣࠊSer/Thr ࢟ࢼ࣮ࢮ౫Ꮡⓗ࡞ಙྕఏ㐩⣔ࡢไᚚ࡟㔜せ࡞ᙺ๭ࢆᢸࡗ࡚࠸ࡿࠋᮏ◊✲
࡛ࡣࠊ14-3-3 ࢱࣥࣃࢡ㉁ࡀ఍ྜࡍࡿᗄࡘ࠿ࡢࣜࣥ㓟໬࣌ࣉࢳࢻࣔࢳ࣮ࣇࡢ୰࡛ࠊmode 3 ࡜࿧ࡤࢀࡿ C ➃
࣌ࣉࢳࢻ࡜ࡢ఍ྜࢆ㑅ᢥⓗ࡟Ᏻᐃ໬ࡍࡿࣇࢩࢥࢡࢩࣥㄏᑟయ㸦FC-THF㸧ࢆ๰〇ࡋࡓࠋࡑࡋ࡚ࠊFC-THF
ࡀ mode 3 ᆺࢱࣥࣃࢡ㉁࡛࠶ࡿ K+-࢖࢜ࣥࢳࣕࣥࢿ࣭ࣝTASK-3 ࢆⓎ⌧ࡉࡏࡓ࢔ࣇࣜ࢝ࢶ࣓࢚࢞ࣝ༸ẕ⣽
⬊࡟࠾࠸࡚ࠊእྥࡁࡢ K+ current ࢆቑ኱ࡉࡏࡿࡇ࡜ࢆ᫂ࡽ࠿࡟ࡋࡓࠋ
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࣭༢୍ᩓ஘ᙉᗘ࡟ᇶ࡙ࡃ༙㏱᫂≀యࡢᙧ≧᥎ᐃ㸦ඵᮌ㸧
༙㏱᫂≀యෆ㒊࡛ほ ࡉࢀࡿ༢୍ᩓ஘ࡢᙉᗘ࡟ᇶ࡙ࡃࠊ᪂ࡓ࡞ᙧ≧᥎ᐃᡭἲࢆ㛤Ⓨࡋࡓࠋ༢୍ᩓ஘ࡣࠊ
ධᑕගࡀ≀య୰୍࡛ᗘࡔࡅᚤ⢏Ꮚ࡜⾪✺ࡍࡿࡇ࡜࡟ࡼࡗ࡚⏕ࡌࡿ⌧㇟࡛࠶ࡾࠊග※࠿ࡽ࣓࢝ࣛ࡟⮳ࡿࡲ
࡛ࡢග㊰ࡸࠊග㊰㛗࡟ᛂࡌࡓῶ⾶ࡢゎᯒࡀྍ⬟࡛࠶ࡿࠋᮏᡭἲ࡟ࡼࡾࠊⓑ⃮ࡋࡓࣉࣛࢫࢳࢵࢡ࡞࡝ࡢ༙
㏱᫂࡞≀యࡢ⾲㠃ᙧ≧ࡀ኱ࡲ࠿࡟᥎ᐃ࡛ࡁࡿࡇ࡜ࢆ᫂ࡽ࠿࡟ࡋࡓࠋ
࣭ே㛫⾜ືࣔࢹࣝࡢグ㏙ࢶ࣮ࣝ CHARM-Pad ࡢ㛤Ⓨ࡜ࡑࡢᐇドヨ㦂㸦⁁ཱྀ㸧
་⒪ᶵ㛵࡟࠾ࡅࡿ࢞࢖ࢻࣛ࢖ࣥグ㏙ࢆᑐ㇟࡟ࡋ࡚ࠊព࿡ࡀ᫂☜࡛ィ⟬ᶵ⌮ゎྍ⬟࡞⾲⌧ᙧᘧࢆᣢࡕࠊ
⾜Ⅽࡢ┠ⓗࡢ᫂♧໬ࡀ࡛ࡁࠊ࠿ࡘ᪉ᘧࡢẚ㍑ࡀᐜ࡛᫆࠶ࡾ㑅ᢥ⌮⏤ࡢ᫂♧໬ࡀ࡛ࡁࡿே㛫⾜ືࣔࢹࣝࡢ
グ㏙ࢶ࣮ࣝࢆ㛤Ⓨࡋ㸪ࡑࢀࢆࢱࣈࣞࢵࢺࢥࣥࣆ࣮ࣗࢱ࡟⛣᳜ࡋࡓࠋࡇࡢࢶ࣮࡛ࣝグ㏙ࡉࢀࡓࣔࢹࣝࢆࠊ
ᮇᚅࡉࢀࡿຠᯝ࠿ࡽ CHARM(Convincing Human Action Rationalized Model)࡜࿧ࡧࠊ኱㜰ཌ⏕ᖺ㔠⑓㝔 ICU
┳ㆤᡭ㡰◊ಟ࡟࠾࠸࡚ヨ㦂ⓗ㐠⏝ࡢࡓࡵࡢ‽ഛࢆ᏶஢ࡋࡓ㸦6 ᭶࠿ࡽ㐠⏝㛤ጞணᐃ㸧ࠋ
࣭ࢫࣇ࢕ࣥࢦࢩࣥ 1 ࣜࣥ㓟㍺㏦యࣀࢵࢡ࢔࢘ࢺ࣐࢘ࢫࡢゎᯒ࡜␗≀᤼ฟࢱࣥࣃࢡࡢᵓ㐀Ỵᐃ㸦ᒣཱྀ㸧
SPNS2 ࣀࢵࢡ࢔࢘ࢺ࣐࢘ࢫࢆゎᯒࡋࠊSPNS2 ࡀ⾑⟶࣭ࣜࣥࣃ⟶࡞࡝ࡢ⾲⓶⣽⬊ࡢ S1P ㍺㏦య࡛࠶ࡿࡇ
࡜ࢆ᫂ࡽ࠿࡟ࡋࠊ⾲⓶࠿ࡽࡢ S1P ࡢศἪࡀ↓ࡃ࡞ࡿ࡜ࠊࣜࣥࣃ⌫ࡢ⾑୰⃰ᗘࡀୗࡀࡾࠊ࡜ࡃ࡟ T ⣽⬊ࣜ
ࣥࣃ⌫ࡀ࡯࡜ࢇ࡝ᾘኻࡍࡿࡇ࡜ࢆぢฟࡋࡓࠋࡲࡓࠊ⣽⳦␗≀᤼ฟࢱࣥࣃࢡ࡟࠾࠸࡚ୡ⏺ึ࡜࡞ࡿ㜼ᐖ๣
⤖ྜᵓ㐀ࢆゎࡃࡇ࡜࡟ᡂຌࡋࠊ␗≀᤼ฟࢱࣥࣃࢡࡀ♧ࡍ㜼ᐖ๣≉␗ᛶࡢཎᅉࢆゎ᫂ࡋࡓࡇ࡜࡟ࡼࡾࠊࣘ
ࢽࣂ࣮ࢧࣝ࡞␗≀᤼ฟࢱࣥࣃࢡศᏊタィ࡬ࡢ㐨ࢆษࡾ㛤࠸ࡓࠋ
࣭࣊࢔ࣆࣥࣉࣛ࢖࣐࣮PCR ἲࡢᨵⰋ㸦୰㇂㸧
㑇ఏᏊࡢ୍ሷᇶከᆺࢆ㎿㏿ࠊ⡆౽࡟᳨ฟࡍࡿࠕ࣊࢔ࣆࣥࣉࣛ࢖࣐࣮PCR ἲ࡛ࠖࡣ⺯ගࢩࢢࢼࣝࡢῶᑡ
ࢆほ ࡋ࡚࠸ࡿࠋ࣊࢔ࣆࣥࣉࣛ࢖࣐࣮PCR ἲࡢ㧗ឤᗘ໬ࢆ᳨ウࡋࡓ⤖ᯝࠊࡇࢀࡲู࡛㏵ῧຍࡋ࡚࠸ࡓ⺯
ගⰍ⣲ DANP ࢆ࣊࢔ࣆࣥࣉࣛ࢖࣐࣮࡟ඹ᭷⤖ྜ࡛ᅛᐃ໬ࡍࡿ஦ࢆ᳨ウࡋࡓࠋCíࣂࣝࢪࢆᙧᡂࡍࡿሷᇶ
ࡢ๓ᚋ࡟ DANP ࢆᑟධࡋࡓᡤࠊPCR ࡢ㐍⾜࡟క࠸⺯ගᙉᗘࡀቑ኱ࡍࡿᑟධ఩⨨ࢆぢฟࡋࡓࠋ
࣭㸯ศᏊࢲ࢖ࢼ࣑ࢡࢫไᚚᢏ⾡ࡢ㛤Ⓨ㸦㇂ཱྀ㸧
ࢼࣀ࣓࣮ࢺࣝࢫࢣ࣮ࣝࡢᖜ࡜㧗ࡉࢆᣢࡘὶ㊰㸦ࢼࣀὶ㊰㸧ࢆὶࢀࡿ DNA㸯ศᏊࡢ㏿ᗘࢆࠊࢤ࣮ࢺ㟁
ᅽ࡛ไᚚࡍࡿࢼࣀࢹࣂ࢖ࢫࢆస〇ࡋࡓࠋࢤ࣮ࢺ㟁ᅽ࡟ࡼࡿ DNA㸯ศᏊࡢ㏿ᗘኚ໬ࢆㄪ࡭ࡓ࡜ࡇࢁࠊDNA
㸯ศᏊࡢ㏿ᗘࢆ㸱᱆ࡢ⠊ᅖ࡛ไᚚ࡛ࡁࡿࡇ࡜ࢆ᫂ࡽ࠿࡟ࡋࡓࠋࡉࡽ࡟ࠊస〇ࡋࡓࢼࣀࢹࣂ࢖ࢫࢆ⏝࠸ࡓ
㟁ὶィ ࠿ࡽࠊࢼࣀὶ㊰ෆࢆ㏻㐣ࡍࡿ DNA㸯ศᏊࡢᢡࡾ␚ࡳᵓ㐀ࢆ㆑ู࡛ࡁࡿࡇ࡜ࢆⓎぢࡋࡓࠋ
࣭㟷࣭⥳࣭㉥Ⰽࡢ࣮࢝ࣛࣂ࢚࣮ࣜࢩࣙࣥࢆᣢࡘ㧗ឤᗘ࢝ࣝࢩ࣒࢘࢖࢜ࣥࢭࣥࢧ࣮ࡢ㛤Ⓨ㸦Ọ஭㸧
෇㡰ิኚ␗࡟ࡼࡾ⺯ගࢱࣥࣃࢡ㉁ࢆศ๭ࡋࠊ㛫࡟࢝ࣝࢩ࣒࢘࢖࢜ࣥឤཷᛶࢻ࣓࢖ࣥ CaM ཬࡧᏳᐃ໬ࢻ
࣓࢖ࣥ M13 ࢆᑟධࡋࡓࠊ᪂つ࢝ࣝࢩ࣒࢘࢖࢜ࣥࢭࣥࢧ࣮GECO ࢩ࣮ࣜࢬࡢ㛤Ⓨࢆ⾜ࡗࡓࠋ࢝ࣝࢩ࣒࢘࢖
࢜ࣥ࡟ᑐࡍࡿឤཷᛶࡀ㧗࠸ࢭࣥࢧ࣮ࢆ㧗ຠ⋡࡟᥈⣴ࡍࡿࡓࡵ࡟ࠊ኱⭠⳦ෆ⭷࣭እ⭷㛫࡟┠ⓗࢱࣥࣃࢡ㉁
ࢆⓎ⌧ࡉࡏࠊእ㒊࠿ࡽࡢ࢝ࣝࢩ࣒࢘࢖࢜ࣥ⃰ᗘኚ໬࡟㧗ຠ⋡࡟ᛂ⟅ࡍࡿࢫࢡ࣮ࣜࢽࣥࢢࢩࢫࢸ࣒ࢆᵓ⠏
ࡋࡓࠋࡑࡢ⤖ᯝࠊࢲ࢖ࢼ࣑ࢵࢡࣞࣥࢪࡀ 2,600%࡜㧗࠸⺯ගᙉᗘኚ໬ࢆ♧ࡍ⥳Ⰽ࢝ࣝࢩ࣒࢘࢖࢜ࣥࢭࣥࢧ
࣮G-GECO ࢆ㛤Ⓨࡋࡓࠋࡉࡽ࡟ࠊኚ␗ࢆᑟධࡍࡿࡇ࡜࡟ࡼࡾࠊB-GECO, R-GECO, ࡉࡽ࡟㸯Ἴ㛗㸰Ἴ㛗
ගࢱ࢖ࣉ࡛࠶ࡿ GEM-GECO ࡢ㛤Ⓨ࡟ᡂຌࡋࡓࠋ
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ࠕ⎔ቃㄪ࿴ᮦᩱ࣭ࢹࣂ࢖ࢫࠖࣉࣟࢪ࢙ࢡࢺࢢ࣮ࣝࣉ
ᩍᤵ㸦ව௵㸧
ྜྷ⏣ 㝧୍㸦ࢢ࣮ࣝࣉ㛗㸧ࠊ୰ᔱ ⱥ㞝ࠊ┿ᔱ ဴᮁࠊ☾ᒣ ᝅᮁࠊ
➲஭ ᏹ᫂, ྂ⃝ Ꮥᘯ
࣭㔞Ꮚࣅ࣮࣒ࢸࢡࣀࣟࢪ࣮ࢆ⏝࠸ࡓ⎔ቃㄪ࿴ᆺ཯ᛂࣉࣟࢭࢫࡢ◊✲
ྜྷ⏣ 㝧୍ ᩍᤵ㸦⏘◊㸧ඹྠ◊✲⪅㸸᳿㔠ᓠࠊ㏆⸨ᏕᩥࠊⳢ᫭୍
◊✲ᡂᯝせ᪨: 㔞Ꮚࣅ࣮࣒ࡀ⏕ᡂࡍࡿάᛶ✀࡟ࡼࡿ㓟໬㑏ඖ཯ᛂࡣࠊ⎔ቃ࡟ᨺฟࡉࢀࡿ࡜㠀ᖖ࡟᭷ᐖ࡞
㓟໬๣ࡸ㑏ඖ๣ࢆ⏝࠸ࡿᚲせࡀ↓ࡃࠊప⎔ቃ㈇Ⲵࡢ⎔ቃㄪ࿴ᆺ཯ᛂࣉࣟࢭࢫ࡛࠶ࡿࠋ㔞Ꮚࣅ࣮࣒ㄏ㉳཯
ᛂࡣࠊ㠀ᖖ࡟㧗㏿࡛࠶ࡾࠊࡇࢀࢆゎ᫂ࡍࡿࡓࡵ࡟ࣇ࢙࣒ࢺ⛊㟁Ꮚ⥺ࣃࣝࢫࣛࢪ࢜ࣜࢩࢫࢆ㛤Ⓨࡋࡓࠋ୍
᪉ࠊ࢖࢜ࣥᾮయࡣࠊ୙⇞ᛶ࠿ࡘᴟప⵨Ẽᅽ࡛࠶ࡾࠊᏳ඲࠿ࡘ⎔ቃ࡬ࡢ᤼ฟ㔞ࡀᴟࡵ࡚ᑡ࡞࠸⎔ቃㄪ࿴ᆺ
ᮦᩱ࡛࠶ࡿࠋᮏᖺᗘࡣࠊ࢖࢜ࣥᾮయ࡟㔞Ꮚࣅ࣮࣒ࢆ↷ᑕࡍࡿࡇ࡜࡟ࡼࡗ࡚⁐፹࿴㟁Ꮚࢆ⏕ᡂࡋࠊⰾ㤶᪘
⁐㉁࡬ࡢ㟁Ꮚ⛣ື㸦㑏ඖ㸧཯ᛂࢆ◊✲ࡋࡓࠋ࢖࢜ࣥᾮయࢆ⏝࠸ࡓ㔞Ꮚࣅ࣮࣒ㄏ㉳㓟໬㑏ඖ཯ᛂࡣࠊ᪂ࡋ
࠸⎔ቃㄪ࿴ᆺ཯ᛂࣉࣟࢭࢫ࡛࠶ࡿࠋ
㐃ᦠࡢᐇ⦼ෆᐜࡢせ᪨: ஑኱ඛᑟ◊ከḟඖศᏊ㓄ิศ㔝࡜㐃ᦠࡋࠊศᏊෆ㟁Ⲵ⛣ືࡢ㉸㧗㏿ศග࡟ࡘ࠸
࡚◊✲㐃ᦠࡢ᳨ウࢆጞࡵࡓࠋ஑኱ඛᑟ◊࣑ࢡࣟࣉࣟࢭࢫไᚚศ㔝ࠊ஑኱ඛᑟ◊㧗ศᏊᮦᩱ≀ᛶᏛศ㔝࡜
࢖࢜ࣥᾮయࢆ⏝࠸ࡓ⎔ቃㄪ࿴ᆺ཯ᛂࣉࣟࢭࢫࡢ◊✲࡟ࡘ࠸࡚ࠊ◊✲㐃ᦠࡢ᳨ウࢆጞࡵࡓࠋ
࣭࣐ࢡ࣏࣮ࣟࣛࢫ㔠ᒓ࠾ࡼࡧࢼࣀ࣏࣮ࣛࢫᮦᩱࡢ〇ἲࠊ≀ᛶ࡜ᛂ⏝
୰ᔱ ⱥ㞝 ᩍᤵ㸦⏘◊㸧 ඹྠ◊✲⪅㸸ከ᰿ṇ࿴ࠊ௰ᮧ㱟௓ࠊ஭ᡭᣅဢ
◊✲ᡂᯝせ᪨: ࣐ࢡ࣏࣮ࣟࣛࢫ㔠ᒓ࡜ࡋ୍࡚᪉ྥᛶẼᏍࢆ᭷ࡍࡿ࣮ࣟࢱࢫ㔠ᒓࡢຊᏛ≉ᛶࡢゎ᫂࠾ࡼ
ࡧࢼࣀ࣏࣮ࣛࢫ㓟໬≀ࡢ᪂つ๰〇࡜࣏࣮ࣛࢫ໬ᶵᵓࡢゎ᫂ࢆᐇ᪋ࡋࡓࠋࡑࡢ⤖ᯝࠊ࣮ࣟࢱࢫⅣ⣲㗰ࡣ୍
᪉ྥᛶẼᏍ࡟㉳ᅉࡋࡓඃࢀࡓ⾪ᧁ࢚ࢿࣝࢠ࣮྾཰≉ᛶࢆ♧ࡍࡇ࡜➼ࢆ᫂ࡽ࠿࡟ࡋࡓࠋࡲࡓࠊ࢔ࣔࣝࣇ࢓
ࢫ㓟໬≀ⷧ⭷ࢆ㧗 ࡛࢔ࢽ࣮ࣝࡍࡿࡇ࡜࡟ࡼࡗ࡚ࠊⷧ⭷ෆ࡟㓄ྥᛶࢼࣀ࣎࢖ࢻࢆᙧᡂࡉࡏࡿ࡜࠸࠺᪂つ
ࢼࣀ࣏࣮ࣛࢫ໬ᡭἲࡢᵓ⠏࡟ᡂຌࡋࡓࠋࡲࡓࠊ࢔ࣔࣝࣇ࢓ࢫⷧ⭷ෆࡢᐦᗘࡺࡽࡂࡀ࣎࢖ࢻᙧᡂࡢせᅉ࡛
࠶ࡿࡇ࡜ࢆぢฟࡋࡓࠋ
㐃ᦠࡢᐇ⦼ෆᐜࡢせ᪨: ᮾ໭኱Ꮫከඖ◊୍Ⰽ◊✲ᐊ࡟ࡼࡾ Ar-10%H2 ࡢࣉࣛࢬ࣐࢔࣮ࢡ⁐ゎ࡟ࡼࡗ࡚స
〇ࡉࢀࡓ⣧ᗘ 99.997㸣ࡢ㧗⣧ᗘ Fe-12mass%ྜ㔠ࢆ㐃⥆ᖏ⁐⼥ἲ࡟ࡼࡗ࡚Ỉ⣲ 2.5MPaࠊ⛣ື㏿ᗘ 330
ȝms-1 ࡢ᮲௳୍࡛᪉ྥจᅛࡉࡏࡓࠋࡑࡢ⤖ᯝࠊ㧗⣧ᗘ㕲࡜ྠᵝ࡟⢒኱࡞ẼᏍࡀ⏕ᡂࡋࠊࡇࢀࡣྜ㔠୰ࡢ
୙⣧≀ࡀẼᏍࡢ᰾⏕ᡂࢧ࢖ࢺ࡜࡞ࡿྍ⬟ᛶࢆ♧၀ࡋ࡚࠸ࡿࠋ
࣭ࢼࣀ࣐ࢸࣜ࢔ࣝࡢࣅ࣮࣒ᶵ⬟໬Ꮫ
┿ᔱ ဴᮁ ᩍᤵ㸦⏘◊㸧 ඹྠ◊✲⪅㸸⸨ሯᏲࠊᕝ஭Ύᙪࠊ❧ᕝ㈗ኈࠊᓲṇᶒ
◊✲ᡂᯝせ᪨: ㉸ศᏊࠊ࢜ࣜࢦ࣐࣮ࠊ㧗ศᏊࠊDNAࠊࢱࣥࣃࢡࠊ㔠ᒓ㓟໬≀ࠊ༙ᑟయࠊ㔠ᒓ࡞࡝ࡢࢼ
ࣀ࣐ࢸࣜ࢔ࣝࡢ࣮ࣞࢨ࣮࠶ࡿ࠸ࡣᨺᑕ⥺↷ᑕ࡟ࡼࡿࣅ࣮࣒ᶵ⬟໬Ꮫ࡟㛵ࡍࡿ◊✲ࢆ⾜ࡗ࡚࠸ࡿࠋᮏᖺᗘ
ࡣࠊ DNA ෆ㟁Ⲵ⛣ືࠊTiO2 ගゐ፹཯ᛂࠊ㉸ศᏊෆ࢚ࢿࣝࢠ࣮⛣ື࣭㟁Ⲵ⛣ືࠊࢱࣥࣃࢡࡸ DNA ࡢࢲ
࢖ࢼ࣑ࢡࢫ࡞࡝ࢆゎ᫂ࡋࠊㄽᩥ࡜ࡋ࡚ሗ࿌ࡋࡓࠋ
㐃ᦠࡢᐇ⦼ෆᐜࡢせ᪨: ᫖ᖺ࡟⥆࠸࡚ࠊࢩࢡࣟࣇ࢓ࣥ໬ྜ≀ࡢྜᡂࢆᑓ㛛࡟ࡍࡿ஑኱ඛᑟ◊ࡢ᪂ྡ୺◊
✲ᐊ࡜ࡢ㐃ᦠඹྠ◊✲࡟ࡼࡾࠊࡇࢀࡽ໬ྜ≀ࡢ 77㹉๛య⁐፹୰࡛ࡢ Ȗ ⥺↷ᑕ࠾ࡼࡧࣃࣝࢫࣛࢪ࢜ࣜࢩࢫ
ࢆ⾜࠺ࡇ࡜࡟ࡼࡾࠊࢩࢡࣟࣇ࢓ࣥศᏊෆ㟁Ⲵ㠀ᒁᅾ໬࡟ࡘ࠸᳨࡚ウࡋࡓࠋࡲࡓࠊ⺯ග┦㛵ศගἲ࡟ࡼࡿ
⏕యศᏊࡢ◊✲ࢆ⾜ࡗ࡚࠸ࡿ஑኱ඛᑟ◊ࡢ୸ᒣ◊✲ᐊ࡜ࡢඹྠ◊✲࡟ࡼࡾࠊ୍ศᏊࣞ࣋ࣝ⺯ගほ ࡟ࡼ
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ࡿ DNA ෆ㟁Ⲵศ㞳ᑑ࿨ࡢ ᐃࢆ⾜࠸ࠊ୍ሷᇶከᆺࡢㄞࡳฟࡋࢆ᳨ウࡋࡓࠋ
࣭኱ᙉᗘࢸࣛ࣊ࣝࢶἼ※ࡢ㧗ᗘ໬࡜⎔ቃㄪ࿴ᮦᩱ◊✲࡬ࡢᛂ⏝
☾ᒣ ᝅᮁ ᩍᤵ㸦⏘◊㸧 ඹྠ◊✲⪅㸸ຍ⸨㱟ዲࠊධ⃝᫂඾ࠊᕝ℩ၨᝅ
◊✲ᡂᯝせ᪨: ⮬⏤㟁Ꮚ࣮ࣞࢨ࣮㸦FEL㸧ࢆ⏝࠸ࡓ኱ᙉᗘࢸࣛ࣊ࣝࢶἼ※ࡢ㧗ᗘ໬ࡢ୍⎔࡜ࡋ࡚ࠊ᫖ᖺ
ᗘ㛤Ⓨࡋࡓ FEL ࣃࣝࢫࡢ࢚ࢿࣝࢠ࣮ࢆቑᖜᅇᩘࡢ㛵ᩘ࡜ࡋ࡚ồࡵࡿᡭἲࢆ⏝࠸ࠊFEL ືస࡟኱ࡁ࡞ᙳ㡪
ࢆ୚࠼ࡿ FEL ቑᖜ⋡ࢆ ᐃࡋࡓࠋ㜰኱⏘◊ࡢࢸࣛ࣊ࣝࢶ FEL ࡢቑᖜ⋡ࡣἼ㛗 105ȝm ࡟ᑐࡋ࡚᭱኱ 58㸣
࡛ࠊࡑࡢගඹ᣺ჾ㛗౫Ꮡᛶࡣࢫ࣮ࣃ࣮࣮ࣔࢻ⌮ㄽࡢணゝ࡜Ⰻࡃ୍⮴ࡋࡓࠋFEL ࡢἼ㛗ࢫ࣌ࢡࢺࣝࢆ FEL
ࡢࣃ࣮࣡Ⓨᒎ࡜ඹ࡟ ᐃࡋࠊගඹ᣺ჾ㛗࡟ࡼࡿኚ໬ࢆồࡵࡓࠋࢫࣆࣥ೫ᴟࡋࡓ☢ᛶయࡸ࢝࢖ࣛࣜࢸ࢕࣮
ࢆᣢࡘගᏛ␗ᛶయࡢ◊✲࡟ࢸࣛ࣊ࣝࢶἼࢆ⏝࠸ࡿࡓࡵࠊ┤⥺೫ගࢆᣢࡘ FEL ග࠿ࡽ෇೫ගࢆⓎ⏕ࡍࡿヨ
㦂◊✲ࢆ⾜ࡗࡓࠋ
㐃ᦠࡢᐇ⦼ෆᐜࡢせ᪨: ඹྠ◊✲ࢆ⾜࠺◊✲ࢢ࣮ࣝࣉࢆぢฟࡍࡓࡵ࡟ᘬ⥆ࡁ࢔ࣛ࢖࢔ࣥࢫ඲య఍㆟ࡸ
ศ⛉఍࡛ᡃࠎࡢ◊✲ෆᐜࢆ⤂௓ࡍࡿ࡜ඹ࡟ࠊ௚ࢢ࣮ࣝࣉࡢ◊✲ෆᐜࢆㄪᰝࡋ࡚ࠊḟᖺᗘࡢඹྠ◊✲ࡢྍ
⬟ᛶࢆ᳨ウࡋࡓࠋ
࣭D̺࢔ࢩࣝ࢜࢟ࢩ࢝ࣝ࣎ࢽࣝ໬ྜ≀ࡢ⎔ቃㄪ࿴ᆺゐ፹ⓗ୙ᩧྜᡂἲࡢ㛤Ⓨ
➲஭ ᏹ᫂ ᩍᤵ㸦⏘◊㸧 ඹྠ◊✲⪅㸸⃝ᚸࠊ➉୰࿴ᾈ
◊✲ᡂᯝせ᪨: ኳ↛⏺࡟ࡶᗈࡃぢࡽࢀࠊ་⸆ရཎᩱ࠾ࡼࡧ᭷ᶵྜᡂ୰㛫య࡜ࡋ࡚᭷⏝࡞
࢔ࢩࣝ࢜࢟
ࢩ࢝ࣝ࣎ࢽࣝ໬ྜ≀ࡣࠊࡇࢀࡲ࡛࣐ࣥ࢞ࣥࡸ㖄࡞࡝ẘᛶࡢ㧗࠸㔠ᒓ㓟໬๣ࢆ໬Ꮫ㔞ㄽ㔞௨ୖ⏝࠸࡚ྜᡂ
ࡉࢀ࡚࠸ࡓࠋ௒ᅇࠊᙜ◊✲ᐊ࡛㛤Ⓨࡋࡓ࢟ࣛࣝ㓄఩Ꮚ SPRIX ࢆᣢࡘࣃࣛࢪ࣒࢘ゐ፹ࡀ≉␗࡞཯ᛂᛶࢆ♧
ࡍࡇ࡜ࢆぢ࠸ࡔࡋࠊ㓟⣲ࢆ㓟໬๣࡜ࡍࡿ⎔ቃㄪ࿴ᛶ࡟ඃࢀࡓD̺࢔ࢩࣝ࢜࢟ࢩ࢝ࣝ࣎ࢽࣝ໬ྜ≀ࡢ᪂つ
ゐ፹ⓗ୙ᩧྜᡂἲࡢ๰ฟ࡟ᡂຌࡋࡓࠋ
㐃ᦠࡢᐇ⦼ෆᐜࡢせ᪨: ᫖ᖺᗘ࡟ᘬࡁ⥆࠸࡚ࠊྜᡂࡋࡓ᪂つ࢟ࣛࣝࢫࣆࣟ໬ྜ≀ࡢ⏕⌮άᛶ࡟㛵ࡍࡿ◊
✲ࢆᮾ໭኱ከඖ◊ࡢỌḟ◊✲ᐊ࡜ඹྠ࡛㐍ࡵ࡚࠸ࡿࠋ
࣭จ⦰┦୰࡟࠾ࡅࡿᨺᑕ⥺໬Ꮫึᮇ㐣⛬ࡢ◊✲
ྂ⃝Ꮥᘯ ᩍᤵ㸦⏘◊㸧ඹྠ◊✲⪅㸸ᑠᯘ୍㞝ࠊᒣᮏὒ᥹
◊✲ᡂᯝせ᪨: 㔞Ꮚࣅ࣮࣒ࡢ࢚ࢿࣝࢠ࣮ࢆ᭷ຠ࡟฼⏝ࡋࡓ┬࢚ࢿࣝࢠ࣮࣭┬㈨※ᕤᴗࣉࣟࢭࢫࡢ㛤Ⓨࢆ
┠ⓗ࡟ࠊᚤ⣽ຍᕤᮦᩱ୰ࡢ㓟ゐ፹཯ᛂࡢ཯ᛂᶵᵓࢆゎ᫂ࡋࡓࠋࡉࡽ࡟ࠊ⎔ቃࢭࣥࢧ࣮ࡢ㛤Ⓨࢆ┠ⓗ࡟ࠊ
⏕య୰࡟Ꮡᅾࡍࡿ⎔ቃᛂ⟅ศᏊࡢᛂ⟅ᶵᵓࢆᨺᑕ⥺໬Ꮫⓗᡭἲ࡟ࡼࡾゎ᫂ࡋࡓࠋ
㐃ᦠࡢᐇ⦼ෆᐜࡢせ᪨: ᮾ໭኱ከඖ◊ࡢ⏕య㧗ศᏊ໬Ꮫ◊✲ศ㔝㸦ΎỈ◊㸧࡜㐃ᦠࡋࠊ㓟⣲ࢭࣥࢧ࣮ࡢ
⎔ቃ㓟⣲⃰ᗘ࡬ࡢᛂ⟅ᶵᵓࢆゎ᫂ࡋࡓࠋ
― 147 ―
ヨసᕤሙ
ᕤሙ㛗㸦ව௵㸧ᩍᤵ ㇂ᮧ ඞᕫ
ᢏ⾡⫋ဨ㸦ᢏ⾡ᐊᡤᒓ㸧 ᶵᲔຍᕤᐊ ゅ୍㐨᫂ࠊ኱す ᨻ⩏ࠊᯇୗ 㞝㈗
࢞ࣛࢫຍᕤᐊ ᯇᕝ ༤᫛ࠊᑠᕝ ⣖அ
a) ᴫせ
ヨసᕤሙࡣᶵᲔຍᕤᐊ࡜࢞ࣛࢫຍᕤᐊ࠿ࡽᵓᡂࡉࢀ࡚࠾ࡾࠊ⏘ᴗ⛉Ꮫ◊✲ᡤタ⨨࡜ྠ᫬࡟௜タࡉࢀࡓࠋ
⌧ᅾࠊᮏ◊✲ᡤࡢ୰ᚰ㒊࡛฼౽ࡢⰋ࠸ሙᡤ࡟఩⨨ࡍࡿ࢖࣮ࣥ࢟ࣗ࣋ࢩࣙࣥᲷ㸦2010 ᖺ᫓ࠊ❹ᕤ㸧ෆ࡟௜
タࡋ࡚࠸ࡿࠋᮏ◊✲ᡤ࡟࠾ࡅࡿ◊✲ศ㔝ࡣከᒱ࡟ࢃࡓࡾࠊ౑⏝ࡉࢀࡿᐇ㦂⿦⨨ࡣከᵝ࡛࠿ࡘ᩾᪂࡞⿦⨨
ࡀከ࠸ࠋヨసᕤሙࡣࡇࢀࡽࢆ⏝࠸ࡓ◊✲ᶵ⬟ࢆ᭱኱㝈࡟Ⓨ᥹ࡉࡏࡿࡇ࡜ࢆ┠ⓗ࡜ࡋ࡚࠸ࡿࠋࡑࡢⅭ࡟ࠊ
✀ࠎࡢ⌮⛉Ꮫᐇ㦂⿦⨨ࡸᐇ㦂ჾලࢆヨసẁ㝵࠿ࡽ◊✲⪅࡜⥥ᐦ࡞㐃ᦠࢆಖࡕ࡞ࡀࡽࠊタィ࣭〇సࡋࠊ◊
✲ᨭ᥼ࢆᒎ㛤ࡋ࡚࠸ࡿࠋCNC ᪕┙ࠊCNC ෇⟄◊๐┙ࢆࡣࡌࡵᶵᲔタഛࡢ඘ᐇࢆᅗࡾࠊຍᕤ⠊ᅖࡢᣑ඘࣭
㧗⢭ᗘ໬࡞࡝ࡢ᭱᪂ᢏ⾡ࢆᥦ౪ࡋ࡚࠸ࡿࠋ
b) ᡂᯝ
௒ᖺᗘࡣᢏ⾡⫋ဨࡢຍධ࡟ࡼࡾヨసᕤሙࡣ 5 ேయไ࡜࡞ࡾࠊࡉࡽ࡟ CNC ᶵჾ 5 ྎ࡞࡝ࡢά㌍࡟ࡼࡾ
౫㢗ᴗົࢆ౛ᖺ௨ୖฎ⌮ࡍࡿ஦ࡀฟ᮶ࡓࠋ
ࡲࡓࠊᢏ⾡ᐊࡢከࡃࡢ࢖࣋ࣥࢺ(Ᏻ඲ㅮ⩦఍ࠊ࠸ࡕࡻ࠺⚍ࠊࡶࡢ࡙ࡃࡾᩍᐊࠊᙬ㒔ࢧࣥࢹ࣮ࢧ࢖࢚ࣥࢫࠊ
ᢏ⾡ᐊሗ࿌఍)࡟ࡶᐊဨ඲ဨ࡛ཧຍ༠ຊࡋࡓࠋ
ࡉࡽ࡟ࠊᢏ⾡◊✲఍ࠊࢩ࣏ࣥࢪ࣒࢘ࠊㅮ⩦఍࡞࡝࡟ཧຍࡋᢏ⾡ࢆ◊㛑ࡋ࡚࠸ࡿࠋ
㹙ᖺ㛫౫㢗ฎ⌮௳ᩘ㹛
㸲㸯㸱௳㸦๓ᖺᗘ㸱㸱㸲௳㸧
ࠝᶵᲔຍᕤᐊ㸰㸴㸳௳㸦๓ᖺᗘ㸯㸷㸮௳㸧ࠊ࢞ࣛࢫຍᕤᐊ㸯㸲㸶௳㸦๓ᖺᗘ㸯㸲㸲௳㸧ࠞ
― 148 ―
ᨺᑕ⥺ྠ఩ඖ⣲ᐇ㦂ᐊ
ᐊ㛗㸦ව௵㸧ᩍᤵ
ᒣཱྀ ᫂ே
a) ᴫせ
ᮏᐇ㦂ᐊࡣࠊᨺᑕ⥺ྠ఩ඖ⣲ࡢ࠺ࡕࠊ㠀ᐦᑒࡢ 3H, 14C, 32P, 33P, 35S ࢆྵࡴ≀㉁ࢆྲྀࡾᢅ࠺ᐇ㦂ࡢࡓࡵ࡟
タ⨨ࡉࢀࡓࡶࡢ࡛࠶ࡿࠋᮏᐇ㦂ᐊ࡟ࡣࠊᾮయࢩࣥࢳ࣮ࣞࢩࣙࣥ࢝࢘ࣥࢱ࣮ࡸࣂ࢖࢜࢖࣓࣮ࢪࣥࢢ࢔ࢼࣛ
࢖ࢨ࣮㸦FLA3000㸧➼ࡢ⿦⨨ࡀタ⨨ࡉࢀ࡚࠸ࡿࠋࡇࢀࡽࡢタഛࢆ⏝࠸ࠊ໬ྜ≀ࡢྠ఩ඖ⣲࡟ࡼࡿᶆ㆑ࡸࠊ
ᶆ㆑໬ྜ≀ࢆ⏝࠸ࡓ⏕໬ᏛⓗࠊศᏊ⏕≀Ꮫⓗཬࡧ⣽⬊⏕≀Ꮫⓗᐇ㦂ࡀ⾜ࢃࢀࠊࢱࣥࣃࢡ㉁ࡸ㑇ఏᏊࡢᵓ
㐀࡜ᶵ⬟ࡢゎ᫂ࡢࡓࡵ࡟኱ࡁ࡞ᙺ๭ࢆᯝࡓࡋ࡚࠸ࡿࠋᩍ⫋ဨࡸᏛ⏕㸦ᨺᑕ⥺ྠ఩ඖ⣲ྲྀᢅᩍ⫱カ⦎ཷㅮ
⪅㸧ࡀᖺ㛫ࢆ㏻ࡋ࡚฼⏝ࡋ࡚࠾ࡾࠊᨺᑕ⥺㞀ᐖண㜵つᐃ࡟๎ࡋࡓ⥔ᣢ⟶⌮ࡀ⾜ࢃࢀ࡚࠸ࡿࠋ
b) ᡂᯝ
ᮏᖺᗘࡣᨺᑕᛶྠ఩ඖ⣲౑⏝ᐇ㦂࡜ࡋ࡚௨ୗࡢㄢ㢟ࡀᐇ᪋ࡉࢀࡓࠋ
᝟ሗఏ㐩≀㉁᤼ฟ㍺㏦యࡢྠᐃ࡜ᶵ⬟ゎᯒ
࣐࢘ࢫཬࡧࣛࢵࢺࡢྛ⤌⧊࠿ࡽࡢ cDNA ࣛ࢖ࣈ࣮ࣛࣜࡢᵓ⠏
㓟໬ࢫࢺࣞࢫ࡟ࡼࡿ㑇ఏᏊᦆയࡢศᏊᶵᵓ
ᨺᑕ⥺ྠ఩ඖ⣲ᐇ㦂ᐊࢆ౑⏝ࡋ࡚ᚓࡽࢀࡓ◊✲ࡢᡂᯝࡣྛ◊✲ᐊࡢ㡫࡟ࡲ࡜ࡵࡽࢀ࡚࠸ࡿࠋ
― 149 ―
㟁Ꮚࣉࣟࢭࢫᐇ㦂ᐊ
ᐊ㛗㸦ව௵㸧ᩍᤵ
෸ᩍᤵ㸦ව௵㸧
෸ᩍᤵ㸦ව௵㸧
෸ᩍᤵ㸦ව௵㸧
෸ᩍᤵ㸦ව௵㸧
ຓᩍ 㸦ව௵㸧
ᮅ᪥ ୍
㛗㇂ᕝ ⦾ᙪ
ᯇᮏ ༟ஓ
㡲⸨ Ꮥ୍
๓ᶫ ව୕
࿘ 㐓ถ
a) ᴫせ
㟁Ꮚࣉࣟࢭࢫᐇ㦂ᐊࡣࠊᖹᡂ 3 ᖺ㸦1991㸧࡟タ⨨ࡉࢀࡓࡶࡢ࡛࠶ࡿࠋᙜᐇ㦂ᐊࡣࠊࢼࣀࢸࢡࣀࣟࢪ࣮
࠾ࡼࡧ㛵㐃ᇶ┙◊✲ࢆ᥎㐍ࡍࡿࡓࡵ࡟ࠊග࣭㟁Ꮚᮦᩱࠊ㔞ᏊศᏊ⣲Ꮚᮦᩱࠊ᭷ᶵ⣲Ꮚᮦᩱ࡞࡝࡟㛵㐃ࡋ
ࡓ◊✲࡛ᚲせ࡜ࡉࢀࡿඹ㏻ࡢࣉࣟࢭࢫ㛵ಀࡢ⿦⨨ࢆタ⨨ࡋࠊ࠸ࢁ࠸ࢁ࡞⣲Ꮚᮦᩱࡢࣉࣟࢭࢫᢏ⾡ࡢྥୖ
ࢆࡣ࠿ࡗ࡚◊✲ࡢᒎ㛤࡟ᙺ❧࡚ࡿࡇ࡜ࢆ┠ⓗ࡜ࡋ࡚࠸ࡿࠋ
タഛ࡜ࡋ࡚ࡣࠊᑠつᶍࢡ࣮࣮࣒ࣜࣥࣝࠊ༙ᑟయ➼ࡢ⤖ᬗရ㉁ࢆホ౯࡛ࡁࡿ஧⤖ᬗ㹖⥺ᅇᯒ⿦⨨ࠊ⾲㠃
ᵓ㐀ࢆㄪ࡭ࡿࡓࡵࡢཎᏊ㛫ຊ㢧ᚤ㙾࣭ࢹࢪࢱࣝගᏛ㢧ᚤ㙾ࠊࣃࢱ࣮ࣥᙧᡂࢆ⾜࠺ࡓࡵࡢࣇ࢛ࢺࣜࢯࢢࣛ
ࣇ࢕⿦⨨࣭㟁Ꮚ⥺ᥥ⏬⿦⨨ࠊྛ✀ࡢ⤯⦕ᒙ࣭㟁ᴟᙧᡂࢆ⾜࠺ࡓࡵࡢࢫࣃࢵࢱⷧ⭷ᙧᡂ⿦⨨࣭┿✵⵨╔⿦
⨨࣭㟁Ꮚࣅ࣮࣒⵨╔⿦⨨ࠊᚤ⣽ຍᕤࢆ⾜࠺ࡓࡵࡢ཯ᛂᛶ࢖࢚࢜ࣥࢵࢳࣥࢢ⿦⨨࣭㞟᮰࢖࢜ࣥࣅ࣮࣒⿦⨨ࠊ
➃㠃ᙧᡂࡢࡓࡵࡢ๼㛤ᶵࠊ㓄⥺ࡢࡓࡵࡢ࣡࢖࣮ࣖ࣎ࣥࢲ࣮⿦⨨ࠊゎᯒ⏝ࣃ࣮ࢯࢼࣝࢥࣥࣆ࣮ࣗࢱ࡞࡝ࡀ
タ⨨ࡉࢀ࡚࠸ࡿࠋ
b) ᡂᯝ
ᙜᐇ㦂ᐊࡣࠊࢼࣀࢸࢡࣀࣟࢪ࣮ࢭࣥࢱ࣮࠾ࡼࡧ㛵㐃◊✲ᐊ࡛ࡢྛ✀ᮦᩱ࡟ᑐࡍࡿᵓ㐀ゎᯒࠊ⾲㠃ゎᯒࠊ
㟁ᴟᙧᡂࡢᐇ㦂◊✲ࡸࠊࡇࢀࡽࢆࡶ࡜࡟ྛ✀ᮦᩱࡢ㟁Ẽⓗᛶ㉁➼ࡢ ᐃࠊග⣲Ꮚࠊ㟁Ꮚ⣲ᏊࠊศᏊ⣲Ꮚ
࡞࡝ࡢヨస➼࡟ᐤ୚ࡋ࡚࠸ࡿࠋࡲࡓࠊ࣮ࣘࢨ࡟ᑐࡋ⿦⨨౑⏝᪉ἲࡢᣦᑟࠊྛ⿦⨨ࡢ࣓ࣥࢸࢼࣥࢫࠊಖᏲ
Ⅼ᳨ࠊಟ⌮࡞࡝ࢆ⾜ࡗ࡚࠸ࡿࠋᮏᖺᗘࡣ 4 ◊✲ᐊ࣭ᐊࡢ฼⏝ࡀ࠶ࡾࠊ฼⏝⥲ᩘࡀ⣙ 50 ௳࡛࠶ࡗࡓࠋ
― 150 ―
ᅗ᭩ᐊ ᐊ㛗㸦ව௵㸧ᩍᤵ ┿ᔱ ဴᮁ
კク⫋ဨ ᑠ㔝 ὈᏊ
஦ົ⿵బဨ ℈୰ ஂோᏊ
ᮏᅗ᭩ᐊࡣࠊᑓ㛛ⓗᅗ᭩ࢆᡤⶶࡋࠊ⟶⌮Ჷ஧㝵࡟㛤ᯫᅗ᭩ᐊࡀタࡅࡽࢀ࡚࠸ࡿࠋᅗ᭩ࡢⓎὀࠊཷධཬ
ࡧᩥ⊩ࡢᡤᅾㄪᰝࡸ↷఍ࠊ」෗ࡢ⏦ࡋ㎸ࡳࡸཷ௜ᴗົࠊᅗ᭩㤋㛫┦஫㈚೉ࢆ⾜ࡗ࡚࠸ࡿࠋཪࠊ฼⏝᱌ෆࠊ
ཷධࢀᅗ᭩࡞࡝ࢆ࣮࣒࣮࣍࣌ࢪ (http://www.sanken.osaka-u.ac.jp/labs/lib-web/) ࡟ᥖ♧ࡋ࡚࠸ࡿࠋ
࠙ⶶ᭩ᩘࠚ ࿴ᩥᅗ᭩ 6,848 ෉ ࿴㞧ㄅ 179 ✀ ᪂⪺ 5 ✀
Ḣᩥᅗ᭩ 20,887 ෉ ὒ㞧ㄅ 557 ✀
࠙ᖹᡂ 23 ᖺᗘཷධᅗ᭩ᩘࠚ
࠙ᖹᡂ 23 ᖺᗘศ㢮ኚ᭦ᅗ᭩ᩘࠚ
࠙ᖹᡂ 23 ᖺᗘ୙⏝ᅗ᭩㝖༷ᩘࠚ
94 ෉
1,827 ෉
2,678 ෉
࠙ᖹᡂ 23 ᖺᗘ฼⏝⤫ィࠚ ᡤෆ࣭Ꮫෆ࡬ࡢ㈚ฟ෉ᩘ 573 ෉ Ꮫෆ࣭Ꮫእ࠿ࡽࡢ೉ཷࡅ෉ᩘ 110 ෉
Ꮫෆ࡬ࡢᩥ⊩」෗ᥦ౪ᩘ 30 ௳ Ꮫෆ࣭Ꮫእ࠿ࡽࡢᩥ⊩」෗ྲྀᐤࡏᩘ 57 ௳
― 151 ―
㸦ᖹᡂ 24 ᖺ 3 ᭶ 31 ᪥⌧ᅾ㸧
᝟ሗࢿࢵࢺ࣮࣡ࢡᐊ
ᐊ㛗㸦ව௵㸧
⏣୰
ᩍᤵ㸦ව௵㸧
➲஭
ຓᩍ㸦ව௵㸧
᳃ᒣ
ຓᩍ㸦ව௵㸧
௰ᮧ
ᢏ⾡⫋ဨ㸦ව௵㸧⏣୰
ᢏ⾡⫋ဨ
┦ཎ
ᢏ⾡⫋ဨ
ዟᮧ
ᢏ⾡⿵బဨ
ᆏᮏ
⚽࿴
ᏹ᫂
⏥୍
㱟௓
㧗⣖
༓ᑜ
⏤㤶
⨾ኤ
a) ᴫせ
᝟ሗࢿࢵࢺ࣮࣡ࢡᐊࡣࠊ㏆ᖺࡢ◊✲⎔ቃ࡟࠾ࡅࡿ᝟ሗࢿࢵࢺ࣮࣡ࢡࡢᛴ㏿࡞ᬑཬ࡜㔜せᛶࢆ㚷ࡳࠊࡇ
ࢀࡲ࡛ࡢ࣎ࣛࣥࢸ࢕࢔࣮࣋ࢫࡢᡤෆ᝟ሗࢿࢵࢺ࣮࣡ࢡࡢ㐠Ⴀࢆ⤌⧊໬ࡍࡿⅭ࡟ࠊ
1999 ᖺ 3 ᭶࡟Ⓨ㊊ࡋࡓࠋ
ᡤෆ᝟ሗࢿࢵࢺ࣮࣡ࢡࡣࠊ1980 ᖺ௦ᚋ༙࡟▱⬟ࢩࢫࢸ࣒⛉Ꮫ኱㒊㛛ࡢ◊✲ᐊࡀඹྠ࡛ᵓ⠏ࡋࠊ1994 ᖺ
ࡢ ODINS(Osaka Daigaku Information Network System)ࡢ㐠⏝㛤ጞ࡟క࠸◊✲ᡤ඲యつᶍ࡛ᩚഛࡉࢀࡓࠋ⌧
ᅾ࡛ࡣࠊ⏘ᴗ⛉Ꮫ◊✲ᡤ࡟ᦠࢃࡿேࠎ࡟᝟ሗࡢⓎಙ࣭ཷಙࡢሙࢆᥦ౪ࡋ࡚࠸ࡿࠋ᝟ሗࢿࢵࢺ࣮࣡ࢡᐊ࡛
ࡣᐊ㛗ࡢࡶ࡜ࠊᢏ⾡ᐊࡼࡾὴ㐵ࡉࢀࡓᢏ⾡⫋ဨ࡟ࡼࡾ⏘ᴗ⛉Ꮫ◊✲ᡤࢿࢵࢺ࣮࣡ࢡࡢᏳᐃ㐠⏝ࡣࡶ࡜ࡼ
ࡾࢿࢵࢺ࣮࣡ࢡ࣏ࣜࢩ࣮ࡢ⟇ᐃࠊᩚഛ࡟࠾ࡅࡿᢏ⾡ⓗసᴗࢆࡣࡌࡵࠊྛ✀ࢧ࣮ࣂ࣮ࡢᵓ⠏࣭⟶⌮ࠊྛ✀
ࢩࢫࢸ࣒ࡢᵓ⠏࣭⟶⌮ࠊ฼⏝⪅࣭◊✲⪅ࡢࢧ࣏࣮ࢺ࣭ᩍ⫱ࠊ࣮࣒࣮࣍࣌ࢪࡢ᭦᪂࣭సᡂ࡟ࡼࡿᗈሗᨭ᥼
➼ࢆ⾜ࡗ࡚࠸ࡿࠋࡲࡓࠊ⏘ᴗ⛉Ꮫ◊✲ᡤࡢ᪊ࡅࡿྛ✀ࢩ࣏ࣥࢪ࣒࢘ࠊㅮ₇఍➼࡟࠾࠸࡚඲ୡ⏺࡬ྥࡅ࡚
࢖ࣥࢱ࣮ࢿࢵࢺࣛ࢖ࣈࢆᥦ౪ࡋࠊࣞࢪࢫࢺ࣮ࣞࢩࣙࣥࠊ࢔ࣈࢫࢺࣛࢡࢺ཰㞟ࢩࢫࢸ࣒➼ࢆᥦ౪ࡋ࡚࠸ࡿࠋ
ࡲࡓࠊ◊✲ᡤධ㤋⟶⌮ࢩࢫࢸ࣒ࠊ㟁Ꮚᥖ♧ᯈࠊ┘ど࣓࢝ࣛࡢ㐠⏝࣭⟶⌮ࡶ⾜ࡗ࡚࠸ࡿࠋࡲࡓࠊᴗ⦼ホ౯
ࢩࢫࢸ࣒ࠊᖺḟሗ࿌᭩⦅㞟ࢩࢫࢸ࣒ࠊཎⴭㄽᩥ࣭ᅜ㝿఍㆟ࢹ࣮ࢱ࣮཰㞟ࢩࢫࢸ࣒➼ከᩘࡢᡤෆྥࡅࢩࢫ
ࢸ࣒ࡢ㛤Ⓨ࣭㐠⏝࣭⟶⌮ࢆ⾜ࡗ࡚࠸ࡿࠋ
b) ᡂᯝ
[ ࢩ࣏ࣥࢪ࣒࢘➼ࢧ࣏࣮ࢺ ]
᪂Ꮫ⾡㡿ᇦ◊✲ࠕ㧗ḟȧ✵㛫ࡢ๰Ⓨ࡜ᶵ⬟㛤Ⓨࠖ➨ 6 ᅇබ㛤ࢩ࣏ࣥࢪ࣒࢘
᪂Ꮫ⾡㡿ᇦ◊✲ࠕ㧗ḟȧ✵㛫ࡢ๰Ⓨ࡜ᶵ⬟㛤Ⓨࠖ➨ 7 ᅇබ㛤ࢩ࣏ࣥࢪ࣒࢘
᪂Ꮫ⾡㡿ᇦ◊✲ࠕ㧗ḟȧ✵㛫ࡢ๰Ⓨ࡜ᶵ⬟㛤Ⓨࠖ➨ 3 ᅇᅜ㝿ࢩ࣏ࣥࢪ࣒࢘
➨ 54 ᅇ ᨺᑕ⥺໬Ꮫウㄽ఍
≀㉁࣭ࢹࣂ࢖ࢫ㡿ᇦඹྠ◊✲ᣐⅬ➨㸯ᅇάືሗ࿌఍
➨ 1 ᅇ IP ࢔࢝ࢹ࣑࣮
⏘◊ࢸࢡࣀࢧ࣭ࣟࣥࢫ࣌ࢩࣕࣝ
➨ 7 ᅇ㜰኱ࢼࣀࢩ࣏ࣥࢪ࣒࢘
➨ 2 ᅇ IP ࢔࢝ࢹ࣑࣮
➨ 67 ᅇᏛ⾡ㅮ₇఍
➨ 15 ᅇ⏘◊ᅜ㝿ࢩ࣏ࣥࢪ࣒࢘
ᖹᡂ 23 ᖺᗘ ࢼࣀᕤᏛㅮ⩏
ඹྠ◊✲ᣐⅬ୍⯡◊✲ㄢ㢟⏦㎸
ඹྠ◊✲ᣐⅬ≉ᐃ◊✲ㄢ㢟⏦㎸
ࡀࢇࡤࢁ࠺㸟ᮾ໭㹼᚟⯆ᨭ᥼ඹྠ◊✲ㄢ㢟㹼⏦㎸
― 152 ―
[ ࢩࢫࢸ࣒㛵㐃 ]
ࢧ࣮ࣂ࣮ࢭ࢟ࣗࣜࢸ࢕እ㒊┘ᰝ
PKI ࣉࣟࢪ࢙ࢡࢺ(ᅜ❧᝟ሗᏛ◊✲ᡤ)
ᩍဨᴗ⦼ホ౯
[ ࢿࢵࢺ࣮࣡ࢡ㛵㐃 ]
ODINS ↓⥺ LAN タ⨨
[ ጤဨ఍ ]
ᗈሗጤဨ఍
ᴗ⦼ホ౯ጤဨ఍
ODINS 㐠⏝㒊఍
[ ࣮࣒࣮࣍࣌ࢪ ]
⏘◊බᘧ HP ᭦᪂
[ ࡑࡢ௚ ]
ྛ✀ࢧ࣮ࣂ࣮⟶⌮
⏘◊⤂௓ VIDEO ไస(᪥࣭ⱥ)
࣏ࢫࢱ࣮༳ๅ㸦367 ௳㸧
ISIR(ධ㏥㤋)࣮࢝ࢻⓎ⾜
ࢸࣞࣅ఍㆟ࢧ࣏࣮ࢺ
࣮ࣘࢨ࣮Ⓩ㘓
― 153 ―
⏘Ꮫ㐃ᦠᐊ
ᐊ㛗㸦ව௵㸧ᩍᤵ
ᩍᤵ㸦ව௵㸧
ᩍᤵ㸦ව௵㸧
ᩍᤵ㸦ව௵㸧
ᩍᤵ㸦ව௵㸧
≉௵ᩍᤵ
≉௵◊✲ဨ
Ⳣ἟
ᯇᮏ
ᑠᯘ
୰㇂
➉⏣
ΎỈ
⋢஭
ඞ᫛
࿴ᙪ
ග
࿴ᙪ
⢭἞
⿱୍
ㄔ୍㑻
a) ᴫせ
⏘Ꮫ㐃ᦠᐊࡣࠊ⏘ᴗ⛉Ꮫ◊✲ᡤ㸦⏘◊㸧࡜⏘ᴗ⏺࡜ࡢ㐃ᦠάືࢆ᥎㐍ࡍࡿ࢜ࣇ࢕ࢫ࡛ࠊ⏘◊ࡢ◊✲ᡂ
ᯝࢆ♫఍࡟㑏ඖࡍࡿࡇ࡜ࢆ┠ⓗ࡜ࡋ࡚άືࢆ⾜ࡗ࡚࠸ࡿࠋ୺࡞ᴗົࡣࠊ⏘◊࡜⏘ᴗ⏺࡜ࡢ⦓ᐦ࡞ࢿࢵࢺ
࣮࣡ࢡࡢᵓ⠏ࠊ⏘ᴗ⏺࠿ࡽࡢせᮃࠊせㄳ࡟ᛂࡌࡿࡼ࠺࡞◊✲ࢩ࣮ࢬࡢ⤂௓ࠊ⏘◊ࡢ◊✲ᡂᯝ࡛࠶ࡿࢩ࣮
ࢬ࡜⏘ᴗ⏺ࡢࢽ࣮ࢬ࡜ࡢᦾࡾྜࢃࡏ➼࡛࠶ࡿࠋࡲࡓࠊ᪂⏘ᴗࡢ๰ฟ࡟ྥࡅ࡚᪂ࡋ࠸ศ㔝ࡢ◊✲㡿ᇦ๰ฟ
ࡢᥦ᱌ࠊࡉࡽ࡟ࠊ⏘ᴗ⏺࠿ࡽࡢせㄳ࡟ࡼࡿ◊✲㛤Ⓨ༠ຊ஦ᴗࡢ᥎㐍άືࢆ⾜ࡗ࡚࠸ࡿࠋ
b) ᡂᯝ
࣭ ◊✲ᡂᯝ࠾ࡼࡧᢏ⾡ࢩ࣮ࢬࡢ⏘ᴗ⏺࡬ࡢ⤂௓
ձ ⏘◊ࢸࢡࣀࢧࣟࣥࢆ 4 ᅇ㸦➨ 1 ᅇᖹᡂ 23 ᖺ 5 ᭶ 13 ᪥ࠊ➨ 2 ᅇᖹᡂ 23 ᖺ 8 ᭶ 5 ᪥ࠊ➨ 3 ᅇᖹᡂ
23 ᖺ 11 ᭶ 7 ᪥ࠊ➨ 4 ᅇᖹᡂ 24 ᖺ 1 ᭶ 27 ᪥㸧㛤ദࡋࡓࠋࡇࡢෆࠊ➨ 3 ᅇࡣ኱㜰኱Ꮫ๰❧ 80 ࿘
ᖺグᛕ஦ᴗ࡜ࡋ࡚㛤ദࠋ
ղ ⏘Ꮫ㐃ᦠᐊࡢ࣮࣒࣮࣍࣌ࢪ➼࡟࡚ࠊྛ◊✲ᐊࡢ◊✲ෆᐜࡸྛ✀⏘Ꮫ㐃ᦠไᗘࢆ⤂௓ࡋࡓࠋࡉࡽ
࡟┦ㄯࡢ❆ཱྀࢆタ⨨ࡋ⏘ᴗ⏺࠿ࡽࡢၥྜࡏ࡟ᑐᛂࡋࡓࠋ
ճ ◊✲⤂௓ࡢ෉Ꮚࢆసᡂࡋࠊᢏ⾡ࢩ࣮ࢬࢆ⏘ᴗ⏺࡟⤂௓ࡋࡓࠋ
մ ᅜ㝿ࣇࣟࣥࢸ࢕࢔⏘ᴗ࣓ࢵࢭ 2011㸦ᖹᡂ 23 ᖺ 9 ᭶ 21㸪22 ᪥㸧ࠊࣅࢪࢿࢫ࣭࢚ࣥ࢝ࣞࢵࢪ࣭ࣇ࢙
࢔㸦ᖹᡂ 23 ᖺ 11 ᭶ 13㸪14 ᪥㸧ࠊ➨ 11 ᅇᅜ㝿ࢼࣀࢸࢡࣀࣟࢪ࣮⥲ྜᒎ㸦ᖹᡂ 24 ᖺ 2 ᭶ 15㹼17
᪥㸧࡟ฟᒎࡋࠊ◊✲ᡂᯝ࠾ࡼࡧᢏ⾡ࢩ࣮ࢬࡢ⤂௓ࢆ⾜ࡗࡓࠋ
࣭ ᢏ⾡⛣㌿ࡢ᥎㐍
ձ ᪂⏘ᴗ๰㐀◊✲఍㸦1 ◊✲఍㸧ࢆ᫖ᖺ࡟ᘬࡁ⥆ࡁ㛤ദࡋࡓࠋ
㸦ィ 3 ᅇ㸧
ղ ⏘◊࢖࣮ࣥ࢟ࣗ࣋ࢩࣙࣥᲷ௻ᴗࣜࢧ࣮ࢳࣃ࣮ࢡࡢᐇ㦂ᐊࢆ฼⏝ࡋࡓ௻ᴗ࡜ࡢඹྠ◊✲ࢆ᪂ࡓ࡟
5 ௳㛤ጞࡋࡓࠋ
ճ ඹྠ◊✲࡟ᇶ࡙ࡃ⤒῭⏘ᴗ┬ࡢᡓ␎ⓗᇶ┙ᢏ⾡㧗ᗘ໬ᨭ᥼஦ᴗ࡟ 1 ௳ࡀ᥇ᢥࡉࢀࡓࠋ
࣭ ぢᏛ఍㛤ദ
௻ᴗᅋయ࡟ࡼࡿ௻ᴗࣜࢧ࣮ࢳࣃ࣮ࢡࢆࡣࡌࡵ࡜ࡍࡿ⏘◊᪋タࡢぢᏛ఍ࢆ㛤ദࡋࠊ஺ὶࢆಁ㐍ࡋࡓࠋ
㸦ᐇ᪋᪥㸸ᖹᡂ 23 ᖺ 9 ᭶ 1 ᪥ࠊᖹᡂ 23 ᖺ 10 ᭶ 20 ᪥ࠊᖹᡂ 24 ᖺ 2 ᭶ 6 ᪥㸧
― 154 ―
ᗈሗᐊ
ᐊ㛗㸦ව௵㸧ᩍᤵ
ᢏ⾡⿵బဨ
ὴ㐵⫋ဨ Ᏻ⸽ ⰾ㞝
ᯇᮏ ⣖Ꮚ
㘽⏣ ┤Ꮚ (㹼ᖹᡂ 23 ᖺ 11 ᭶ 30 ᪥)
a) ᴫせ
ᗈሗᐊࡣࠊᗈሗጤဨ఍ࡢ௻⏬࣭ᇶᮏ᪉㔪࡟ἢࡗ࡚ᗈሗάືࢆ✚ᴟⓗ࠿ࡘຠᯝⓗ࡟⾜࠺ࡓࡵࠊᖹᡂ 18
ᖺ 2 ᭶࡟Ⓨ㊊ࡋࡓࠋ୺࡞ᴗົࡣࠊᗈሗ࡟㛵ࡍࡿᇶᮏィ⏬᱌ࡢసᡂ࡟ᚲせ࡞㈨ᩱ཰㞟ࠊ⏘◊ࢽ࣮ࣗࢫࣞࢱ
࣮➼ࡢᗈሗㄅཬࡧᖺḟሗ࿌᭩➼ࡢ⦅㞟ཬࡧⓎ⾜ࡢ⿵ຓࠊ࣮࣒࣮࣍࣌ࢪ⦅㞟࡟ಀࡿ㈨ᩱ཰㞟ࠊグ⪅Ⓨ⾲㸦ᗢ
ົಀᡤᤸࡢࡶࡢࢆ㝖ࡃ㸧࡟㛵ࡍࡿ஦ົࠊሗ㐨グ஦➼ࡢ཰㞟ཬࡧಖ⟶࡛࠶ࡿࠋ
b) ᡂᯝ
䞉㻌 䛔䛱䜗䛖⚍୍⯡බ㛤ᗈሗ㻌
୍⯡බ㛤᮶ሙ⪅㻌 㻌 㻌 㻌 213 ྡ㻌
᪂⪺䞉㻴㻼 ➼ᥖ㍕㻌 㻌 㻌 㻌 㻌 㻌 1 ௳䠄ㄞ኎᪂⪺䠅㻌
䞉㻌 䜒䛾䛵䛟䜚䞉䝘䝜䝔䜽⌮⛉ᩍᐊᗈሗ㻌
ཧຍ⪅㻌 㻌 㻌 㻌 㻌 㻌 㻌 㻌 㻌 㻌 㻌 㻌 77 ྡ㻌
᪂⪺䞉㻴㻼 ➼ᥖ㍕㻌 㻌 㻌 㻌 㻌 㻌 2 ௳䠄ẖ᪥᪂⪺䚸ᮅ᪥䝣䜯䝭䝸䞊䝙䝳䞊䝇䠅㻌
䡡㻌 䝇䞊䝟䞊䝃䜲䜶䞁䝇䝝䜲䝇䜽䞊䝹䠄㻿㻿㻴䠅䛸䛾㐃ᦠ㻌
㻌 㻌 㻌 ṊᗜᕝዪᏊ㧗➼Ꮫᰯ䜈䛾ぢᏛㄝ᫂఍ᐇ᪋䛸ኟᏘయ㦂ᐇ⩦ཷ䛡ධ䜜㻌 㻌
䞉㻌 ୰䞉㧗ᰯ⏕䛾᪋タぢᏛཷ䛡ධ䜜䠄ᗈሗጤဨ఍☜ㄆศ䠅㻌 㻌 㻌 㻌
ཷ䛡ධ䜜௳ᩘ㻌 㻌 㻌 㻌 㻌 㻌 㻌 㻌 11 ௳㻌 㻌 㻌 㻌 㻌
ぢᏛ⪅ᩘ㻌 㻌 㻌 㻌 㻌 㻌 㻌 㻌 㻌 㻌 434 ྡ㻌
䞉㻌 䝥䝺䝇䝸䝸䞊䝇㻔㜰኱ᗈሗㄢ⤒⏤㻕㻌 㻌 11 ௳㻌
䞉㻌 ⏘◊ࢽ࣮ࣗࢫࣞࢱ࣮㸦ᖺ 3 ᅇⓎ⾜㸧
䞉㻌 ᖺḟሗ࿌᭩࣭࣓࣮ࣔ࣡ࢬⓎ⾜
䞉㻌 ⏘◊⤂௓䝟䞁䝣䝺䝑䝖సᡂ㻌
䞉㻌 ◊✲ᡤෆ᱌ෆᯈ᭦᪂㻌
䞉㻌 Ṕྐᒎ♧䝁䞊䝘䞊ᩚഛ㻌
䞉㻌 ◊✲ᡂᯝ䚸ሗ㐨᝟ሗ䛾 HP ᥖ㍕㻌
䞉㻌 ⏘◊⤂௓ DVD సᡂ㻌
― 155 ―
ᢏ⾡ᐊ
ᕤస⌜ ࣭ᶵᲔᅇ㊰ᕤసಀ
࣭࢞ࣛࢫᕤసಀ ᐊ 㛗 ▼ᶫ
≉౛კクᢏ⾡⫋ဨゅ୍
≉౛კクᢏ⾡⫋ဨ ᒣᮏ
◊✲ᨭ᥼᥎㐍ဨ 㤿ሙ
ᢏ⾡⿵బဨ ᯇᮏ
ᢏ⾡⿵బဨ ᆏᮏ
⌜
ಀ
ಀ
ಀ
㛗
㛗
ဨ
㛗
ᯇᕝ
኱す
ᯇୗ
ᑠᕝ
Ṋ
㐨᫂
ಖ
ஂ⨾Ꮚ
⣖Ꮚ
⨾ኤ
༤᫛
ᨻ⩏
㞝㈗
⣖அ
࣭ᢏ⾡ᑓ㛛⫋ဨ ㇂⏿ බ᫛
ィ ⌜ ࣭ィ ࣭᝟ሗࢩࢫࢸ࣒ಀ
࣭ศᯒ࣭ࢹ࣮ࢱฎ⌮ಀ ⌜
ಀ
ಀ
ಀ
ಀ
ಀ
㛗
㛗
ဨ
ဨ
㛗
ဨ
⏣୰
┦ཎ
ዟᮧ
ྂᕝ
ᴬཎ
ᯇᓮ
㧗⣖
༓ᑜ
⏤㤶
࿴ᘺ
୍᪼
๛
a) ᴫせ
࣭ᢏ⾡ᐊࡣᐊ㛗௨ୗࠊᕤస⌜࡜ィ ⌜࠿ࡽᡂࡾࠊࡑࢀࡒࢀ ࡘࡢಀࢆ᭷ࡍࡿ⤌⧊࡛࠶ࡿࠋ
࣭ᢏ⾡ᐊ㛗▼ᶫṊࡣᢏ⾡ᐊࢆ⤫ᣓࡍࡿ࡜ඹ࡟ࠊ⥲ྜゎᯒࢭࣥࢱ࣮㟁Ꮚ㢧ᚤ㙾ᐊ࡛ᴗົࢆ⾜ࡗ࡚ࡁࡓࠋ
࣭≉౛კクᢏ⾡⫋ဨᒣᮏಖཬࡧ≉౛კクᢏ⾡⫋ဨゅ୍㐨᫂ࡣ㔞Ꮚࣅ࣮࣒⛉Ꮫ◊✲᪋タཬࡧヨసᕤሙ
ࡢ㔠ᒓຍᕤᐊ࡟࠾࠸࡚ᴗົࢆ⾜ࡗ࡚ࡁࡓࠋ
࣭ᢏ⾡⿵బဨ㸦ᯇᮏ⣖Ꮚ㸧ཬࡧࠊᢏ⾡⿵బဨ㸦ᆏᮏ⨾ኤ㸧ࡣᗈሗᐊཬࡧ᝟ሗࢿࢵࢺ࣮࣡ࢡᐊ࡟࠾࠸࡚ᴗ
ົࢆ⾜ࡗ࡚ࡁࡓࠋ
࣭ᕤస⌜㛗ᯇᕝ༤᫛ࡣᕤస⌜ࢆ⤫ᣓࡍࡿ࡜ඹ࡟ࠊヨసᕤሙࡢ࢞ࣛࢫຍᕤᐊ࡟࠾࠸࡚ᴗົࢆ⾜ࡗ࡚ࡁࡓࠋ
ᕤస⌜ᡤᒓᢏ⾡ᑓ㛛⫋ဨ㇂⏿බ᫛ཬࡧᶵᲔᅇ㊰ᕤసಀᡤᒓᢏ⾡⫋ဨ኱すᨻ⩏࣭ᯇୗ㞝㈗ࡣ⏘ᴗ⛉Ꮫ
ࢼࣀࢸࢡࣀࣟࢪ࣮ࢭࣥࢱ࣮㸦ࢼࣀຍᕤᐊ㸧ཬࡧヨసᕤሙࡢ㔠ᒓຍᕤᐊ࡟࠾࠸࡚ᴗົࢆ⾜ࡗ࡚ࡁࡓࠋ
࢞ࣛࢫᕤసಀᡤᒓᢏ⾡⫋ဨᑠᕝ⣖அࡣࠊヨసᕤሙࡢ࢞ࣛࢫຍᕤᐊ࡟࠾࠸࡚ᴗົࢆ⾜ࡗ࡚ࡁࡓࠋ
࣭ィ ⌜㛗⏣୰㧗⣖ࡣィ ⌜ࢆ⤫ᣓࡍࡿ࡜ඹ࡟ࠊ⥲ྜゎᯒࢭࣥࢱ࣮࡟࠾࠸࡚ᴗົࢆ⾜ࡗ࡚ࡁࡓࠋ
◊✲ᨭ᥼᥎㐍ဨ㤿ሙஂ⨾Ꮚཬࡧศᯒ࣭ࢹ࣮ࢱฎ⌮ಀᡤᒓᢏ⾡⫋ဨᴬཎ୍᪼ࠊᯇᓮ๛ࡣࠊᢏ⾡ᐊࠊ⏘
ᴗ⛉Ꮫࢼࣀࢸࢡࣀࣟࢪ࣮ࢭࣥࢱ࣮㸦ࢼࣀຍᕤᐊ㸧ཬࡧ⥲ྜゎᯒࢭࣥࢱ࣮࡟࠾࠸࡚ᴗົࢆ⾜ࡗ࡚ࡁࡓࠋィ
࣭᝟ሗࢩࢫࢸ࣒ಀᡤᒓᢏ⾡⫋ဨ┦ཎ༓ᑜ࣭ዟᮧ⏤㤶ࠊྂᕝ࿴ᘺࡣࠊ᝟ሗࢿࢵࢺ࣮࣡ࢡᐊཬࡧ㔞Ꮚࣅ
࣮࣒⛉Ꮫ◊✲᪋タ࡟࠾࠸࡚ᴗົࢆ⾜ࡗ࡚ࡁࡓࠋ
ྛᢏ⾡⫋ဨࡣࠊୖグࡢࡼ࠺࡞ὴ㐵ඛ࡟࠾࠸࡚◊✲⏝኱ᆺ⿦⨨ࡸᶵჾ㢮ࡢヨసࠊ㐠㌿ࠊィ ࠊࢿࢵࢺ࣡
࣮ࢡࡢಖᏲཬࡧ◊✲⏝ᮦᩱࡢྛ✀ศᯒࠊࡑࡢࢹ࣮ࢱฎ⌮࡞࡝ࢆຠ⋡ࡼࡃ㐙⾜ࡋ࡚ࡁࡓࠋࡉࡽ࡟ࠊ㏆ᖺࡢ
◊✲ࡢከᵝ໬࡟ᑐᛂࡋ࡚⌜ࠊಀࢆ㉺࠼ࡓయไࢆᵓ⠏ࡋᨭ᥼άືࡢ⠊ᅖࢆᣑ኱ࡋ࡚࠸ࡿࠋ≉࡟⏘◊ᅜ㝿ࢩ
࣏ࣥࢪ࣒࢘ࡸᅜ㝿఍㆟࡞࡝ࡢ࢖ࣥࢱ࣮ࢿࢵࢺࣛ࢖ࣈ࡜ࡑࢀࡽࡢᫎീグ㘓ࠊࢿࢵࢺ࡟ࡼࡿࢸࣞࣅ఍㆟➼ࡢ
㐠Ⴀ࡟ࡶᨭ᥼༠ຊࡋ࡚࠸ࡿࠋࡲࡓᢏ⾡࣭▱㆑ࡢྥୖࡢࡓࡵࠊᢏ⾡⫋ဨྛேࡣ┦஫࡟ᢏ⾡◊ಟࢆ⾜࠺࡜ඹ
࡟ࠊᢏ⾡◊✲఍ࠊ◊ಟ఍ࠊྛ✀Ꮫ఍➼࡟ࡶ✚ᴟⓗ࡟ཧຍࠊⓎ⾲ࡋ࡚࠸ࡿࠋ
ᢏ⾡ᐊ⊂⮬࡛㛤ദࡋ࡚࠸ࡿᢏ⾡ᐊሗ࿌఍ࡣ ᅇ┠ࢆᩘ࠼ࠊ
ࠕᢏ⾡ᐊሗ࿌ࠖ1RࢆⓎหࡋࡓࠋ
ࡇࢀࡽ࡟ࡼࡾᚓࡽࢀࡓᢏ⾡࣭▱㆑ࡣࠊᩍ⫋ဨࠊ◊✲⏕➼࡟ᑐࡋ࡚ࡑࢀࡒࢀࡢᑓ㛛ⓗᢏ⾡ᣦᑟ➼࡛ᡂᯝࢆ
― 156 ―
ୖࡆ࡚࠸ࡿࠋࡲࡓᮏᖺࡶᙜ◊✲ᡤࡢ᪂ධᏛ⏕ࢆᑐ㇟࡜ࡋࡓᏳ඲ᩍ⫱࡟ྲྀࡾ⤌ࡳᢏ⾡ᐊ୺ദࡢᏳ඲ㅮ⩦఍
ࢆ ᭶࡟㛤ദࡋࡓࠋ୍᪉ࠊࡶࡢ࡙ࡃࡾᩍᐊࢆᏊ౪ࡓࡕࡢኟఇࡳ࡟ ᪥㛫࡟ࢃࡓࡾ㛤ദࡋࠊ ᭶࡟ࡣ㏆㞄
ࡢᙬ㒔すᑠ࣭୰Ꮫᰯ࡟࠾࠸࡚ᙬ㒔ࢧࣥࢹ࣮࣭ࢧ࢖࢚ࣥࢫ ࡟ࡶ⛉Ꮫᐇ㦂ᒇྎࢆฟᗑࡋᆅᇦ㈉⊩஦ᴗ
ࡢ୍➃ࢆᢸࡗࡓࠋ
b) ᡂᯝ
ᢏ⾡ᐊห⾜≀ ࣭ᢏ⾡ᐊሗ࿌ 1R
ᢏ⾡ᐊ୺ദࠊᡤෆㅮ⩦఍ཬࡧሗ࿌఍➼
࣭Ᏻ඲ㅮ⩦఍ ᖺ ᭶ ᪥㛤ദ ཧຍேᩘ⣙ ྡ
࣭ࡶࡢ࡙ࡃࡾᩍᐊ࣭ࢼࣀࢸࢡ⌮⛉ᩍᐊඹྠ㛤ദ
ᖺ ᭶ ᪥㹼 ᭶ ᪥㛤ദ ཧຍேᩘ ྡ
࣭ᙬ㒔ࢧࣥࢹ࣮࣭ࢧ࢖࢚ࣥࢫ㸦㸧 ᖺ ᭶ ᪥ฟືேဨ ྡཧຍேᩘ⣙ ྡ
࣭➨ ᅇᢏ⾡ᐊሗ࿌఍ ᖺ ᭶ ᪥㛤ദ
ࠕᕤసᶵᲔࡢྲྀࡾᢅ࠸࡜ຍᕤ஦౛ࡢሗ࿌ࠖ ᯇୗ 㞝㈗ ᢏ⾡⫋ဨ
ࠕL ࣂࣥࢻࣛ࢖ࢼࢵࢡࡢᨵⰋ࡜㹑ࣂࣥࢻࣛ࢖ࢼࢵࢡࡢ✌ാసᴗ࡟㛵ࡋ࡚ࠖ ྂᕝ ࿴ᘺ ᢏ⾡⫋ဨ
ࠕඖ⣲ศᯒ⿦⨨ࡢ㑏ඖ㖡㛗ᑑ࿨໬࡜ࢸࣇࣟࣥࡢศᯒ࡟ࡘ࠸࡚ࠖ
㸫➨ ᅇ኱㜰኱Ꮫᢏ⾡⫋ဨ◊ಟ࡟ཧຍࡋࡓᡂᯝ㸫 ᯇᓮ ๛ ᢏ⾡⫋ဨ
ࠕ㟁㢧࣐ࣥ࡜ࡋ࡚ࡢ 38 ᖺ㛫ࢆ᣺ࡾ㏉ࡗ࡚ࠖ ▼ᶫ Ṋ ᐊ 㛗
ᢏ⾡◊✲఍ࠊᏛ఍➼ࡢཧຍࠊⓎ⾲
࣭ᖹᡂ 23 ᖺᗘ኱㜰኱Ꮫ᪂ධ⫋ဨ◊ಟ ኱㜰 ᭶
࣭ᶵჾ࣭ศᯒᢏ⾡◊✲఍ 㸦ಙᕞ኱㸧 㛗㔝㸦 ᭶㸧
࣭኱㜰኱Ꮫᢏ⾡⫋ဨ◊ಟ ኱㜰 ᭶
࣭➨ 1 ᅇ ᪥ᮏ෌⏕ࢩ࣏ࣥࢪ࣒࢘ ᮾி (11,12 ᭶)
࣭ࢢ࣮ࣟࣂࣝ ᅜ㝿ᩍ⫱ᣦᑟ◊✲ࢩ࣏ࣥࢪ࣒࢘ ி㒔 ᭶
࣭ᖹᡂ ᖺᗘ㏆␥ᆅ༊ᅜ❧኱Ꮫἲே➼ᩍᐊ⣔ᢏ⾡⫋ဨ◊ಟ㸦ி኱㸧 ி㒔 ᭶㸧
࣭ᅜ㝿ࢼࣀࢸࢡࣀࣟࢪ࣮⥲ྜᒎࢼࣀࢸࢵࢡ ฟ ᒎᮾி ᭶㸧
࣭➨㸵ᅇ᝟ሗᢏ⾡◊✲఍஑ᕤ኱ ⚟ᒸ ᭶㸧
࣭ᐇ㦂࣭ᐇ⩦ᢏ⾡◊✲఍㸦⚄ᡞ኱㸧 ࣏ࢫࢱ࣮Ⓨ⾲ ⇃ᮏ ᭶
࣭➨ ᅇ࢞ࣛࢫᕤసᢏ⾡ࢩ࣏ࣥࢪ࣒࢘ ཱྀ㢌Ⓨ⾲ ឡ▱㸦 ᭶㸧
ྛ✀චチ࣭㈨᱁ྲྀᚓࡢ⌧≧
࣭⾨⏕ᕤᏛ⾨⏕⟶⌮⪅ ྡ
࣭㧗ᅽ࢞ࢫ〇㐀ಖᏳ㈐௵⪅ච≧ எ✀໬Ꮫ㸦 ྡ㸧
࣭ᗋୖ᧯సᘧࢡ࣮ࣞࣥ㐠㌿㸦 ྡ㸧
࣭ࢡ࣮ࣞࣥࡢ⋢ࡀࡅ㸦 ྡ㸧
࣭ኳ஭ࢡ࣮ࣞࣥᐃᮇ⮬୺᳨ᰝ⪅㸦 ྡ㸧
࣭࢔࣮ࢡ⁐᥋≉ูᩍ⫱㸦 ྡ㸧
࣭◊๐◒▼ࡢྲྀ᭰ࠊྲྀࡾ᭰࠼᫬ࡢヨ㐠㌿ࡢᴗົ㸦 ྡ㸧
࣭➨ ✀ᨺᑕ⥺ྲྀᢅ୺௵⪅ච≧㸦 ྡ㸧
࣭࢚ࢵࢡࢫ⥺సᴗ୺௵⪅㸦 ྡ㸧
࣭᝟ሗฎ⌮ᢏ⾡⪅ヨ㦂㸦ึ⣭ࢩࢫࢸ࣒࢔ࢻ࣑ࢽࢫࢺ࣮ࣞࢱ࣮㸧㸦 ྡ㸧
࣭㟁Ẽᕤ஦ኈච≧㸦 ྡ㸧
࣭༴㝤≀ྲྀᢅ⪅㸦எ✀ 㢮㹼 㢮චチ㸧㸦 ྡ㸧
࣭ẘ≀๻≀ྲྀᢅ⪅㸦 ྡ㸧
࣭➨ ✀⾨⏕⟶⌮⪅㸦 ྡ㸧
― 157 ―
੐ോㇱ
㧔ᐔᚑ㧞㧠ᐕ㧟᦬㧟㧝ᣣ⃻࿷㧕
㧔੐ോㇱ㐳㧕 ጤᎹ ๺ᚑ
ડ↹ቶ㧔੐ോ⡯ຬ㧕 ᧲የ ᦮㕒
㧔੐ോ⡯ຬ㧕 ศጟ ⛋ሶ
㧔․છ੐ോ⡯ຬ㧕⷏↰ ᓀ
✚ോ⺖ 㧔⺖㐳㧕 ⊕ự ਃ⟵
✚ോଥ㧔ଥ㐳㧕 ጊญ Ẵ┨
㧔ਥછ㧕 ೨↰ ቇ
㧔੐ോ⵬૒ຬ㧕 ጊ↰ ↱♿ᳯ
㧔੐ോ⵬૒ຬ㧕 ⧎᎑ Ảሶ
㧔੐ോ⵬૒ຬ㧕 ⷏ㄼ ḩ
ੱ੐ଥ (ଥ㐳) ㎨⼱ ᣿
㧔੐ോ⵬૒ຬ㧕 శ᫪ ᐘሶ
㧔੐ോ⵬૒ຬ㧕 ᨋ ๺⟤
⎇ⓥㅪ៤⺖ 㧔⺖㐳㧕 ⷏ᴡ ඳ⟤
⎇ⓥදജଥ㧔ଥ㐳㧕 ᨰୖ ㊀㓶
㧔ਥછ㧕 ᓼᧄ ⟤⚓
㧔੐ോ⡯ຬ㧕 ␹↰ ᐘઍ
㧔․છ੐ോ⡯ຬ㧕ᄢႦ ⌀ℙ
㧔․છ੐ോ⡯ຬ㧕⼱Ỉ ⟤ᄹ
㧔․છ੐ോ⡯ຬ㧕቟㆐ ᕀሶ
㧔․છ੐ോ⡯ຬ㧕᫪↰ ోሶ
㧔੐ോ⵬૒ຬ㧕 ᫪ ᦭૫ሶ
⽷ോଥ㧔ଥ㐳㧕
ጊᧄ శ৻
㧔ਥછ㧕 ↰ખ ⵨৻
㧔੐ോ⵬૒ຬ㧕 ᓼਣ ⌀ℂ
ᄾ⚂ଥ㧔ଥ㐳)
ጟ↰ Ყํᔒ
㧔ਥછ㧕 ዊᨋ ⾆ⴕ
㧔੐ോ⡯ຬ㧕 ૒⮮ ᗲሶ
㧔੐ോ⵬૒ຬ㧕 ኹ↰ ਭ⟤ሶ
㧔੐ോ⵬૒ຬ㧕 ᵤ↰ ⌀↱ሶ
㧔੐ോ⵬૒ຬ㧕 㐳ጟ ㊀↵
㧔੐ോ⵬૒ຬ㧕 ᄢ⼱ ๺㖸
― 158 ―
[附4]
各研究部門、附属研究施設における活動実績リスト
ග࣭㟁Ꮚᮦᩱ◊✲ศ㔝
ཎⴭㄽᩥ
[1]Effect of growth conditions on magnetic and structural properties in Gd-doped GaN layers grown by
plasma-assisted molecular beam epitaxy, Shigehiko Hasegawa, Sachio Komori, Kotaro Higashi, Daijiro
Abe, Yi-Kai Zhou, and Hajime Asahi: Phys. Stat. Sol. C, 9 (3) (2012) 741-744.
[2]Structural, magnetic and optical studies of ultrathin GaGdN/AlGaN multiquantum well structure,
Mohamed Almokhtar, Shuichi Emura, Yi Kai Zhou, Shigehiko Hasegawa, and Hajime Asahi: Phys. Stat.
Sol. C, 9 (3) (2012) 737-740.
[3]Large magneto-optical effect in low-temperature-grown GaCrN and GaCrN:Si, Y. K. Zhou, P. H. Fan,
S. Emura, S. Hasegawa, and H. Asahi: Phys. Stat. Sol. C, 9 (3) (2012) 719-722.
[4]Growth of InN quantum dots by droplet epitaxy and their characterization, D. Krishnamurthy, S.
Hasegawa, S. N. M. Tawil, S. Emura, and H. Asahi: Phys. Stat. Sol. C, 9 (3) (2012) 666-669.
[5]Generation of Spin Current in Bipolar Conductors, Masamichi Sakai, Takahito Sakuraba, Zentaro
Honda, Shigehiko Hasegawa, Akira Kitajima, Koji Higuchi, Akihiro Oshima, and Osamu Nakamura: Jpn.
J. Appl. Phys., 50 (10) (2011) 103002.
[6]Negative Magnetoresistance Generated by Combination of Spin-Orbit Interaction and Applied
Magnetic Field, Masamichi Sakai, Daisuke Kodama, Takahito Sakuraba, Zentaro Honda, Shigehiko
Hasegawa, Akira Kitajima, Akihiro Oshima, Koji Higuchi, and Osamu Nakamura: Jpn. J. Appl. Phys., 51
(2) (2012) 23001.
[7]Composition Analysis of High-Stable Transparent Conductive Zinc Oxide by X-ray Photoelectron
Spectroscopy and Secondary-Ion Mass Spectroscopy, T. Kuchiyama, S. Hasegawa, K. Yamamoto, Y.
Teraoka and H. Asahi: Jpn. J. Appl. Phys., 50 (12) (2011) 121101.
[8]Surface morphology and crystalline structure of high-stable polycrystalline transparent conductive zinc
oxide films, Takashi Kuchiyama, Kenji Yamamoto, Shigehiko Hasegawa, Hajime Asahi: Appl. Surf. Sci.,
258 (4) (2011) 1488-1490.
[9]Atomic force microscopic investigations on the InN quantum dots grown by droplet molecular beam
epitaxy”, D. Krishnamurthy, S. Hasegawa, and H. Asahi, Proceedings of Asia-Pacific Wor, D.
Krishnamurthy, S. Hasegawa, and H. Asahi: Proceedings of Asia-Pacific Workshop on Materials
Characterization, (2011) 124-130.
[10]Growth and characterization of GaN-based dilute magnetic semiconductors, S. Hasegawa and H.
Asahi: Proceedings of Asia-Pacific Workshop on Materials Characterization, (2011) 6-10.
[11]Photoluminescence from exciton-polarons in GaGdN/AlGaN multiquantum wells, M. Almokhtar, S.
Emura, Y. K. Zhou, S. Hasegawa, and H. Asahi: J. Phys.: Condens. Matter., 23 (7) (2011) 325802.
[12]GaGdN/AlGaN multiple quantum disks grown by RF-plasma-assisted molecular-beam epitaxy, H.
Tambo, S. Hasegawa, M. Uenaka, Y.K. Zhou, S. Emura, and H. Asahi: Phys. Stat. Sol. A, 208 (7) (2011)
1576-1578.
[13]Large magneto-optical effect in low-temperature-grown GaDyN, Y.K. Zhou, S. Emura, S. Hasegawa,
and H. Asahi: Phys. Stat. Sol. C, 8 (7) (2011) 2173-2175.
[14]Growth of Gd-doped InGaN/GaN multiple quantum wells and their characterization, S. Hasegawa, R.
Kakimi, S.N.M. Tawil, D. Krishnamurthy, Y.K. Zhou, and H. Asahi: Phys. Stat. Sol. C, 8 (7) (2011)
2047-2049.
― 161 ―
[15]Structural characterization of MBE grown InGaGdN/GaN and InGaN/GaGdN superlattice structures,
D. Krishnamurthy, S.N.M. Tawil, M. Ishimaru, S. Emura, Y.K. Zhou, S. Hasegawa, and H. Asahi: Phys.
Stat. Sol. C, 8 (7) (2011) 2245-2247.
[16]Growth and characterization of transition-metal and rare-earth doped III-nitride semiconductors for
spintronics, H. Asahi, S. Hasegawa, Y.K. Zhou, and S. Emura: MRS Proceedings, 1290 (2011) i06-01.
[17]Annealing-induced structural changes in TlInGaAsN heterostructures studied by X-ray photoelectron
spectroscopy, K.M. Kim, W.B. Kim, D. Krishnamurthy, M. Ishimaru, H. Kobayashi, S. Hasegawa, and H.
Asahi: Proceedings of the 23rd International Conference on Indium Phosphide and Related Materials,
(2011) 110-113.
[18]Carrier-mediated ferromagnetism in InGaGdN grown by plasma-assisted molecular beam epitaxy,
S.N.M. Tawil, Y.K. Zhou, D. Krishnamurthy, S. Emura, S. Hasegawa, and H. Asahi: Proceedings of the
23rd International Conference on Indium Phosphide and Related Materials, (2011) 252-255.
[19]Defect structure of MBE-grown GaCrN diluted magnetic semiconductor films, A. Yabuuchi, M.
Maekawa, A. Kawasuso, S. Hasegawa, Y.K. Zhou, and H. Asahi: Journal of Physics: Conference Series,
262 (2011) 012066.
[20]Studies on the InGaGdN/GaN magnetic semiconductor heterostructures grown by plasma-assisted
molecular-beam epitaxy, S.N.M. Tawil, D. Krishnamurthy, R. Kakimi, S. Emura, S. Hasegawa, and H.
Asahi: J. Cryst. Growth, 323 (1) (2011) 351-354.
[21]Low-temperature molecular beam epitaxy growth and properties of GaGdN nanorods, H. Tambo, S.
Hasegawa, H. Kameoka, Y.K. Zhou, S. Emura, and H. Asahi: J. Cryst. Growth, 323 (1) (2011) 323-325.
[22]Influence of Si-doping on the characteristics of InGaGdN/GaN MQWs grown by MBE, S.N.M. Tawil,
D. Krishnamurthy, R. Kakimi, M. Ishimaru, S. Emura, S. Hasegawa, and H. Asahi: Phys. Stat. Sol. C, 8
(2) (2011) 491-493.
[23]Co-ordination alignments at the vicinity of the dopant Cr ions in AlN, S. Emura, S. Kimura, K.
Tokuda, H. Tambo, S. Hasegawa, and H. Asahi: Phys. Stat. Sol. C, 8 (2) (2011) 473-475.
[24]Structural and Magnetic Properties of Diluted Magnetic Semiconductor GaGdN Nanorods, H. Tambo,
S. Hasegawa, K. Higashi, R. Kakimi, S.N.M. Tawil, Y.K. Zhou, S. Emura, and H. Asahi: Phys. Stat. Sol.
C, 8 (2) (2011) 494-496.
[25]Investigations on the properties of intermittently Gd-doped InGaN structures grown by
molecular-beam epitaxy, D. Krishnamurthy, S.N.M. Tawil, R. Kakimi, M. Ishimaru, S. Emura, S.
Hasegawa, and H. Asahi: Phys. Stat. Sol. C, 8 (2) (2011) 497-499.
[26]Appearance of a correlation between the Hall coefficient and electrical resistivity upon
dihydrogenation of yttrium, M. Sakai, D. Kodama, S. Ito, M. Ito, O. Nakamura, S. Hasegawa, A. Kitajima,
and A. Oshima: J. of Appl. Phys., 108 (8) (2010) 083719.
[27]Structural, Magnetic and Optical Studies of Ultrathin GaGdN/AlGaN Multiquantum Well Structure,
Mohamed Almokhtar, Shuichi Emura, Yi Kai Zhou, Shigehiko Hasegawa, and Hajime Asahi: Phys. Stat.
Sol. C, 9 (2012) 737 - 740.
[28]Interfacial Stress and Thermal Expansion Effects for PL Spectra in AlGaN/GaN MQW, Shuichi
Emura, Hironobu Tani, Hannes Raebiger, Yi-Kai Zhou, Shigehiko Hasegawa and Hajime Asahi: AIP Conf.
Proc., 1399 (2011) 387-388.
― 162 ―
[29]Temperature Dependence of Photoluminescence Peak Energy in Ga(In)Nas, Shuichi Emura, Hiroki
Nakamoto, Fumitaro Ishikawa, Masahiko Kondow and Hajime Asahi: AIP Conf. Proc., 1399 (2011)
41-42.
ᅜ㝿఍㆟
[1]Growth and characterization of GaN-based dilute magnetic semicondcutors and their nanostructures
(invited), S. Hasegawa, Y.K. Zhou, S. Emura, and H. Asahi: 2011 Villa Conference on Interactions
Among Nanostructures, (2011 VCIAN), Red Rock Casino, Resort and Spa, Las Vegas, Nevada, USA,
April 21-25, 2011.
[2]Annealing-induced structural changes in TlInGaAsN heterostructures studied by X-ray photoelectron
spectroscopy (poster), K.M. Kim, W.B. Kim, D. Krishnamurthy, M. Ishimaru, H. Kobayashi, S.
Hasegawa, and H. Asahi: 23rd International Conference on Indium Phosphide and Related Materials
(23rd IPRM), Berlin, Germany, May 22-26, 2011.
[3]Carrier-mediated ferromagnetism in InGaGdN grown by plasma-assisted molecular beam epitaxy
(oral), S.N.M. Tawil, Y.K. Zhou, D. Krishnamurthy, S. Emura, S. Hasegawa, and H. Asahi: 23rd
International Conference on Indium Phosphide and Related Materials (23rd IPRM), Berlin, Germany,
May 22-26, 2011.
[4]Large Zeeman splitting in GaGdN/AlGaN magnetic semiconductor double quantum well superlattices
(poster), Y.K. Zhou, M. Almokhtar, H. Kubo, N. Mori, S. Emura, S. Hasegawa, and H. Asahi: 5th
Asia-Pacific Workshop on Widegap Semiconductors (APWS-2011), Toba, Mie, May 22-26, 2011.
[5]Molecular beam epitaxy and characterization of InGaN thin films doped with gadolinium (oral),
S.N.M. Tawil, D. Krishnamurthy, S. Emura, S. Hasegawa, and H. Asahi: 12th International Conference on
Quality in Research, Bali, Indonesia, July 4-7, 2011.
[6]Effect of growth conditions on magnetic and structural properties in Gd-doped GaN layers grown by
plasma-assisted molecular beam epitaxy (oral), S. Hasegawa, S. Komori, K. Higashi, D. Abe, Y.K. Zhou,
and H. Asahi: 9th International Conference on Nitride Semiconductors (9th ICNS), Glasgow, UK, July
10-15, 2011.
[7]Temperature dependence of the photoluminescence in InxGa1-xN (poster), S. Emura, S.N.M. Tawil, S.
Hasegawa, and H. Asahi: 9th International Conference on Nitride Semiconductors (9th ICNS), Glasgow,
UK, July 10-15, 2011.
[8]Large magneto-optical effect in low-temperature-grown GaCrN and GaCrN:Si (poster), Y.K. Zhou, S.
Emura, S. Hasegawa, and H. Asahi: 9th International Conference on Nitride Semiconductors (9th ICNS),
Glasgow, UK, July 10-15, 2011.
[9]Growth of InN quantum dots by droplet epitaxy and their characterization (poster), D. Krishnamurthy,
S. Hasegawa, S.N.M. Tawil, S. Emura, and H. Asahi: 9th International Conference on Nitride
Semiconductors (9th ICNS), Glasgow, UK, July 10-15, 2011.
[10]New photoluminescence from GaGdN/Al0.12Ga0.88N multi-quantum well (poster), M. Almokhtar, S.
Emura, Y.K. Zhou, S. Hasegawa, and H. Asahi: 9th International Conference on Nitride Semiconductors
(9th ICNS), Glasgow, UK, July 10-15, 2011.
[11]Rare-earth doped III-nitride semiconductors for semiconductor spintronics (invited), H. Asahi, S.
Hasegawa, Y.K. Zhou, and S. Emura: European Materials Research Society Fall 2011 Meeting, Warsaw,
Poland, September 19-23, 2011.
― 163 ―
[12]Growth and characterization of GaN-based dilute magnetic semiconductors (invited), S. Hasegawa
and H. Asahi: Asia-Pacific Workshop on Materials Characterization (APWMC), Chennai, India,
September 22-24, 2011.
[13]Atomic force microscopic investigations on the InN quantum dots grown by droplet molecular beam
epitaxy (oral), D. Krishnamurthy, S. Hasegawa, and H. Asahi: Asia-Pacific Workshop on Materials
Characterization (APWMC), Chennai, India, September 22-24, 2011.
[14]Characterization of GaGdN/AlGaN/GaGdN Triple-layer Structures with High Gd Concentration for
Tunneling Magnetoresistance Devices (poster), K. Higashi, D. Abe, Y. Mitsuno, S. Komori, S. Sano, S.
Hasegawa, and H. Asahi: 2011 International Conference on Solid State Devices and Materials (2011
SSDM), Nagoya, Japan, September 27-30, 2011.
[15]Formation of nitrogen vacancy adjoining to Gd ion doped in GaN (poster), D. Abe, K. Higashi, S.
Emura, Y. K. Zhou, S. Hasegawa, and H. Asahi: 2011 International Conference on Solid State Devices
and Materials (2011 SSDM), Nagoya, Japan, September 27-30, 2011.
[16]Growth and characterization of Gd-doped GaN nanorods on Si(111) substrate (poster), Mai Uenaka,
Mariko Kimura, Shigehiko Hasegawa, and Hajime Asahi: The 6th International Symposium on Surface
Science (ISSS-6), December 11-15, Tokyo, 2011.
[17]Effects of the morphology of Fe thin films grown on GaN(0001) on their magnetic properties (poster),
H. Ichihara, S. Hasegawa, A. Beppu, M. Yoneoka, H. Yamaguchi and H. Asahi: The 6th International
Symposium on Surface Science (ISSS-6), December 11-15, Tokyo, 2011.
[18]Growth of Co thin films on GaN(0001) and their magnetic properties (poster), A. Beppu, S.
Hasegawa, H. Ichihara, M. Yoneoka, H. Yamaguchi and H. Asahi: The 6th International Symposium on
Surface Science (ISSS-6), December 11-15, Tokyo, 2011.
[19]Growth and characterization of GaDyN/AlGaN multi-quantum well structures (poster), Y. Nakatani,
Y. K. Zhou, M. Sano, S. Emura, S. Hasegawa, H. Asahi: The 6th International Symposium on Surface
Science (ISSS-6), December 11-15, Tokyo, 2011.
[20]Characterization of Thin Yttrium Film Surfaces with Annealing (poster), Akira Kitajima, Koji
Higuchi, Cong Que Dinh, Akihiro Oshima, Shigehiko Hasegawa, Masamichi Sakai: 7th Handai
Nanoscience and Nanotechnology International Symposium, November 10-11, 2011, Osaka.
[21]Large magneto-optical effect in low-temperature-grown GaCrN and GaCrN:Si (poster), Y. K. Zhou, S.
Emura, S. Hasegawa and H. Asahi: 7th Handai Nanoscience and Nanotechnology International
Symposium, November 10-11, 2011, Osaka.
[22]Structural and magnetic characterization of GaGdN thin films grown on GaN(0001) templates
(poster), Y. Mitsuno, K. Higashi, S. Sano, S. Hasegawa and H. Asahi: 7th Handai Nanoscience and
Nanotechnology International Symposium, November 10-11, 2011, Osaka.
[23]Magnetic Properties of Iron Nitride Thin Films Grown on GaN(0001) Surfaces (poster), M. Yoneoka,
S. Hasegawa, H. Ichihara, A. Beppu, H. Yamaguchi, H. Asahi: The 15th SANKEN International
Symposium 2012, The 10th SANKEN Nanotechnology Symposium, January 12th-13th, Osaka, 2012.
ᅜ㝿఍㆟ࡢ⤌⧊ጤဨࠊᅜ㝿㞧ㄅࡢ⦅㞟ጤဨ
ᮅ᪥ ୍
17h International Conference on Molecular Beam Epitaxy (ᅜ㝿ㅎၥጤဨ)
ᮅ᪥ ୍
23rd International Conference on Indium Phosphide and Related Materials (ᅜ㝿ㅎၥ
ጤဨ)
ᮅ᪥ ୍
24rd International Conference on Indium Phosphide and Related Materials (ᅜ㝿ㅎၥ
― 164 ―
ጤဨ)
ᮅ᪥ ୍
19th International Colloquim on Scanning Probe Microscopy (Advisory Board ጤဨ)
ᮅ᪥ ୍
4th International Symposium on Growth of Nitrides (ᅜ㝿ㅎၥጤဨ)
㛗㇂ᕝ ⦾ᙪ
17th International Conference on Molecular Beam Epitaxy (⥲ົጤဨ㛗)
Ụᮧ ಟ୍
18th International Conference on Molecular Beam Epitaxy (ᐇ⾜ጤဨ)
࿘ 㐓ถ
19th International Conference on Molecular Beam Epitaxy (ᐇ⾜ጤဨ)
ᅜෆᏛ఍
ᛂ⏝≀⌮Ꮫ఍
24 ௳
1௳
᪥ᮏ≀⌮Ꮫ఍
1௳
᪥ᮏ⾲㠃⛉Ꮫ఍
2௳
㟁Ꮚᮦᩱࢩ࣏ࣥࢪ࣒࢘
1௳
᪥ᮏᨺᑕගᏛ఍
ྲྀᚓᏛ఩
༤ኈ㸦ᕤᏛ㸧
㏱᫂ᑟ㟁ᛶ㓟໬ள㖄ⷧ⭷ࡢᏳᐃᛶྥୖ࡟㛵ࡍࡿ◊✲
ཱྀᒣᓫ
ಟኈ㸦ᕤᏛ㸧
GaN(0001)㠃ୖ࡟స〇ࡋࡓᙉ☢ᛶⷧ⭷ࡢ⾲㠃ᵓ㐀࡜☢Ẽ≉ᛶ
ᕷཎᐶஓ
ಟኈ㸦ᕤᏛ㸧
GaDyN ༢ᒙ⭷࠾ࡼࡧ GaDyN/AlGaN ከ㔜㔞Ꮚ஭ᡞᵓ㐀ࡢస〇࡜ホ౯
୰㇂ ⿱⣖
ಟኈ㸦ᕤᏛ㸧
InGaGdN/GaN ࡬ࢸࣟᵓ㐀ࡢᡂ㛗࡜ホ౯࡟㛵ࡍࡿ◊✲
࿘ 㯇
ಟኈ㸦⌮Ꮫ㸧
㹑㹧ᇶᯈୖᒁᡤ㡿ᇦ࡬ࡢ㹇㹬㹎ࡢ㑅ᢥᡂ㛗࡟㛵ࡍࡿ◊✲
ୗ஭ ㈗⿱
ಟኈ㸦⌮Ꮫ㸧
ᕼⷧ☢ᛶ༙ᑟయ㹅㹟㹅dN ࢼࣀࣟࢵࢻࡢᡂ㛗࡜ホ౯࡟㛵ࡍࡿ◊✲
᳜୰ 㯞⾰
ಟኈ㸦⌮Ꮫ㸧
ᕼⷧ☢ᛶ༙ᑟయ㹅㹟㹅dN ࡢⷧ⭷ᵓ㐀ࡢᡂ㛗᮲௳౫Ꮡᛶ࡟㛵ࡍࡿ◊✲
‶㔝 㝧௓
ಟኈ㸦⌮Ꮫ㸧
ࢫࣆࣥࢺࣟࢽࢡࢫࢹࣂ࢖ࢫ࡬ࡢᛂ⏝࡟ྥࡅࡓᙉ☢ᛶయ/㹅㹟㹌㸦㸮㸮㸮㸯㸧ᵓ
ูᗓ ள⏤⨾
㐀ࡢᙧᡂ࡜ホ౯
ಟኈ㸦⌮Ꮫ㸧
㹇㹬㹅㹟㹎㹌ࡢᡂ㛗࡜ⓎගἼ㛗ࡢ ᗘᏳᐃᛶ࡟㛵ࡍࡿ◊✲
㔝ࠎཱྀ ṇᝅ
ಟኈ㸦⌮Ꮫ㸧
㹇㹬㹅㹟㹌࡬ࡢ㹅㹢㸪㹑㹧ῧຍ࡜ࡑࡢຠᯝ
‫‮‬ᕝ ᩥኵ
Ꮫኈ㸦ᕤᏛ㸧
ᕼⷧ☢ᛶ༙ᑟయ GaGdN ࡢ☢Ẽⓗ≉ᛶ࠾ࡼࡧ㟁Ẽⓗ≉ᛶࡢᡂ㛗᮲௳౫Ꮡ࡟㛵ࡍ
బ㔝 ኊኴ
ࡿ◊✲
Ꮫኈ㸦ᕤᏛ㸧
GaN(0001)⾲㠃ୖ࡬ࡢ Co/Fe ከᒙ⭷ࡢᙧᡂ࡜ࡑࡢ☢Ẽ≉ᛶ࡟㛵ࡍࡿ◊✲
ᒣཱྀ ᫂ဴ
⛉Ꮫ◊✲㈝⿵ຓ㔠
༢఩㸸༓෇
Ꮫ⾡๰ᡂ◊✲
ᕼᅵ㢮ඖ⣲ῧຍࡢ⢭ᐦไᚚ࡟ࡼࡿ≀ᛶ࣭ᶵ⬟ᛶࡢ㛤ᣅ㸦௦
20,000
ᮅ᪥ ୍
⾲⪅㸸⸨ཎᗣᩥ㸧
ᇶ┙◊✲㸦B㸧
ᐊ ᙉ☢ᛶ❅໬≀༙ᑟయࢼࣀᵓ㐀࡜ࢼࣀࢫࣆࣥࢺࣟࢽࢡࢫ
210
ᮅ᪥ ୍
ࢹࣂ࢖ࢫᛂ⏝࡟㛵ࡍࡿ◊✲
ᇶ┙◊✲㸦B㸧
ࢫࣆࣥ౫Ꮡᙎ㐨㟁Ꮚ࣐ࢵࣆࣥࢢἲࡢ㛤Ⓨ࡜༙ᑟయ࡬ࡢࢫࣆ
2,470
㛗㇂ᕝ ⦾ᙪ
ࣥὀධᶵᵓࡢゎ᫂
ᇶ┙◊✲㸦C㸧
ᙉ☢ᛶ❅໬≀༙ᑟయࡢࢼࣀᵓ㐀࡟࠾ࡅࡿ☢ᛶไᚚ࡟㛵ࡍࡿ
910
࿘ 㐓ถ
◊✲
᪂Ꮫ⾡㡿ᇦ◊✲ ࢫࣆࣀ࣮ࢲࣝศゎࢆ฼⏝ࡋࡓ᪂つࢫࣆࣥࢺࣟࢽࢡࢫᮦᩱཬ
5,850
࿘ 㐓ถ
ࡧࢹࣂ࢖ࢫᛂ⏝࡟㛵ࡍࡿ◊✲
ඹྠ◊✲
ᮅ᪥ ୍
᪥᪂㟁ᶵ
ከ⤖ᬗ GaN ࡢ≀ᛶ☜ド࡜ࢹࣂ࢖
900
ࢫ᳨ドཬࡧᇶᯈ✀ࢆኚ࠼ࡓ⤖ᬗ
ᡂ㛗ࡢ◊✲
― 165 ―
༙ᑟయ㔞Ꮚ⛉Ꮫ◊✲ศ㔝
ཎⴭㄽᩥ
[1]External-Noise-Induced Small-Signal Detection with Solution-Gated Carbon Nanotube Transistor,
Yasufumi Hakamata, Yasuhide Ohno, Kenzo Maehashi, Koichi Inoue, Kazuhiko Matsumoto: Appl. Phys.
Express, 4 (2011) 045102.
[2]Layer-by-Layer growth of graphene layers on graphene substrates by chemical vapor deposition, Ryota
Negishi, Hiroki Hirano, Yasuhide Ohno, Kenzo Maehashi, Kazuhiko Matsumoto, Yoshihiro Kobayashi:
Thin Solid Films, 519 (2011) 6447-6452.
[3]Graphene field-effect transistors for label-free chemical and biological sensors, Yasuhide Ohno, Kenzo
Maehashi, Kazuhiko Matsumoto: SPIE Proceedings of Micro- and Nanotechnology Sensors, Systems,
and Applications III, 8031 (2011) 803121.
[4]Quantized characteristics in carbon nanotube-based single-hole memory with a floating nanodot gate,
Takahiro Ohori, Yasuhide Ohno, Kenzo Maehashi, Koichi Inoue, Yutaka Hayashi, Kazuhiko Matsumoto:
Appl. Phys. Lett., 98 (2011) 223101.
[5]Robust Noise Characteristics in Carbon Nanotube Transistors Based on Stochastic Resonance and
Their Summing Networks, Yasufumi Hakamata, Yasuhide Ohno, Kenzo Maehashi, Koichi Inoue,
Kazuhiko Matsumoto: Jpn. J. Appl. Phys., 50 (2011) 06GE03.
[6]Thickness Control of Graphene Overlayer via Layer-by-Layer Growth on Graphene Templates by
Chemical Vapor Deposition, Ryota Negishi, Hiroki Hirano, Yasuhide Ohno, Kenzo Maehashi, Kazuhiko
Matsumoto, Yoshihiro Kobayashi: Jpn. J. Appl. Phys., 50 (2011) 06GE04.
[7]Highly Sensitive Electrical Detection of Sodium Ions Based on Graphene Field-Effect Transistors,
Yasuyuki Sofue, Yasuhide Ohno, Kenzo Maehashi, Koichi Inoue, Kazuhiko Matsumoto: Jpn. J. Appl.
Phys., 50 (2011) 06GE07.
[8]Label-Free Aptamer-Based Immunoglobulin Sensors Using Graphene Field-Effect Transistors,
Yasuhide Ohno, Kenzo Maehashi, Koichi Inoue, Kazuhiko Matsumoto: Jpn. J. Appl. Phys., 50 (2011)
070120.
[9]Gate voltage control of stochastic resonance in carbon nanotube field effect transistors, Toshio
Kawahara, Satarou Yamaguchi, Kenzo Maehashi, Yasuhide Ohno, Kazuhiko Matsumoto, Shin Mizutani:
Proceedings of 21st International Conference on Noise and Fluctuations, (2011) 364-367.
[10]Fabrication of new single-walled carbon nanotubes microelectrode for electrochemical sensors
application, Nguyen Xuan Viet, Yoshiaki Ukita, Miyuki Chikae, Yasuhide Ohno, Kenzo Maehashi,
Kazuhiko Matsumoto, Pham Hung Viet, Yuzuru Takamura: Talanta, 91 (2012) 88-94.
[11]Schottky barrier control gate-type carbon nanotube field-effect transistor biosensors, Masuhiro Abe,
Yasuhide Ohno, Kazuhiko Matsumoto: J. Appl. Phys., 111 (2012) 034506.
[12]Complementary voltage inverters with large noise margin based on carbon nanotube field-effect
transistors with SiNx top-gate insulators, Kenzo Maehashi, Takaomi Kishimoto, Yasuhide Ohno, Koichi
Inoue, Kazuhiko Matsumoto: J. Vac. Soc. Technol. B, 30 (2012) 03D108.
ᅜ㝿఍㆟
[1]Graphene field-effect transistors for label-free chemical and biological sensors (invited), Yasuhide
Ohno, Kenzo Maehashi, Kazuhiko Matsumoto: 2011 SPIE Defense Security+Sensing.
[2]Control of Kondo Temperature/Coulomb Blockade/Fabry-Perot Interference by Modulation of
― 166 ―
Tunneling Barrier Thickness in Carbon Nanotube FET (oral), Kazuhiko Matsumoto, Takafumi
Kamimura: The 38th International Symposium on Compound Semiconductors.
[3]1/10 low bias operation and individual charge detection of carbon nanotube quantum nano memory
(oral), Kazuhiko Matsumoto: 35th Workshop on Compound Semiconductor Devices and Integrated
Circuits.
[4]Gate Voltage Control of Stochastic Resonance in Carbon Nanotube Field Effect Transistors (oral),
Toshio Kawahara, Satarou Yamaguchi, Kenzo Maehashi, Yasuhide Ohno, Kazuhiko Matsumoto, Shin
Mizutani: 21st International Conference on Noise and Fluctuations.
[5]Influence of Trapped Single Charges in Single Walled Carbon Nanotube Transistor with SiNx/Al2O3
Double Wrapped Layers (oral), Takafumi Kamimura, Kazuhiko Matsumoto: 52nd TMS Electronic
Materials Conference.
[6]Low Bias Operation & Indivisual Charge Detection of Carbon Nanotube Quantum Nano Memory
(oral), Kazuhiko Matsumoto, Takahiro Ohori, Kenzo Maehashi, Yasuhide Ohno, Koichi Inoue, Takafumi
Kamimura: NT11 International Conference on the Science and Application of Nanotubes.
[7]Sensing Property of Horizontally Aligned Carbon Nanotube Field-Effect Transistor on Quartz
Substrate (oral), Satoshi Okuda, Shogo Okamoto, Yasuhide Ohno, Kenzo Maehashi, Kazuhiko
Matsumoto: 2011 International Conference on Solid State Devices and Materials.
[8]Room Temperature Single Charge Memory by Carbon Nanotube Transistor With SiNx /Al2O3
Wrapped Double Gate Insulator Layers (oral), Takafumi Kamimura, Yutaka Hayashi, Kazuhiko
Mastumoto: 2011 International Conference on Solid State Devices and Materials.
[9]Electric-field-induced band gap of bilayer graphene in ionic liquid (oral), Yusuke Yamashiro, Yasuhide
Ohno, Kenzo Maehashi, Koichi Inoue, Kazuhiko Matsumoto: 2011 International Conference on Solid
State Devices and Materials.
[10]Valinomycin-Modified Graphene Field-Effect Transistors for Potassium Ion Sensors (oral), Yasuyuki
Sofue, Yasuhide Ohno, Kenzo Maehashi, Koichi Inoue, Kazuhiko Matsumoto: 2011 International
Conference on Solid State Devices and Materials.
[11]Room Temperature Operation of Single-Charge Memory with Single Walled Carbon Nanotube
Transistor (oral), T. Kamimura, Y. Hayashi, K. Matsumoto: International Workshop on Quantum
Nanostructures and Nanoelectronics.
[12]Floating-Gate Memory Based on Carbon Nanotube Field-Effect Transistors with High-k Dielectrics
(poster), Y. Fujii, T. Ohori, Y. Ohno, K. Maehashi, K. Inoue, K. Matsumoto: International Workshop on
Quantum Nanostructures and Nanoelectronics.
[13]Specific Protein Detection Based on Carbon Nanotube Field-Effect Transistors with Multi Channels
(poster), S. Okuda, Y. Ohno, K. Maehashi, K. Inoue, K. Matsumoto: International Workshop on Quantum
Nanostructures and Nanoelectronics.
[14]Graphene Growth from Amorphous-Carbon using Metal Catalyst (poster), K. Gumi, Y. Ohno, K.
Maehashi, K. Inoue, K. Matsumoto: International Workshop on Quantum Nanostructures and
Nanoelectronics.
[15]Ionic-liquid-gated bilayer graphene FETs for generating band gap (poster), Y. Yamashiro, Y. Ohno, K.
Maehashi, K. Inoue, K. Matsumoto: International Workshop on Quantum Nanostructures and
Nanoelectronics.
― 167 ―
[16]Investigation of the mobilities for field effect transistor with a graphene channel prepared by
chemical vapor deposition (poster), R. Negish1, Y. Ohno, K. Maehashi, K. Matsumoto, Y. Kobayashi:
International Workshop on Quantum Nanostructures and Nanoelectronics,3-4 Oct,2011, Tokyo,Japan.
[17]Fabrication of field effect transistor arrays using alcohol reduced graphene oxide channel for sensing
applications (poster), K. Kuramoto, R. Negishi, Y. Ohno, K. Maehashi, K. Matsumoto, Y. Kobayashi:
International Workshop on Quantum Nanostructures and Nanoelectronics,3-4 Oct,2011, Tokyo,Japan.
[18]Highly Sensitive and Selective Potassium Ion Sensors based on Graphene Field-Effect Transistors
(poster), Y. Sofue, Y. Ohno, K. Maehashi, K. Inoue, K. Matsumoto: International Workshop on Quantum
Nanostructures and Nanoelectronics,3-4 Oct,2011, Tokyo,Japan.
[19]Antigen-Binding Fragments-Modified Graphene-FET for Immunosensors (poster), S. Okamoto, Y.
Ohno, K. Maehashi, K. Inoue, K. Matsumoto: International Workshop on Quantum Nanostructures and
Nanoelectronics,3-4 Oct,2011, Tokyo,Japan.
[20]Chemical and Biological Sensors Using Graphene Field-Effect Transistors (poster), Yasuhide Ohno,
Yasuyuki Sofue, Shogo Okamoto, Kenzo Maehashi, Kazuhiko Matsumoto: TeraNano PIRE Kick-Off
Meeting 2011,October 7 - 8, 2011,USA.
[21]Label-Free Immunosensors Using Horizontally Aligned Carbon Nanotubes (poster), Satoshi Okuda,
Yasuhide Ohno, Kenzo Maehashi, Koichi Inoue, Kazuhiko Mastumoto: TeraNano PIRE Kick-Off
Meeting 2011,October 7 - 8, 2011,USA.
[22]Characteristics of the Field Effect Transistor using Graphene Layers grown on Graphene Template by
Chemical Vapor Deposition (oral), R. Negishi, Y. Ohno, K. Maehashi, K. Matsumoto, Y. Kobayashi: 24th
International Microprocesses and Nanotechnology Conference,October 30 - November 2,
2011.,Kobe,Japan.
[23]Immunosensors based on Graphene Field-effect Transistors using Antigen-binding Fragments (oral),
S. Okamoto, Y. Ohno, K. Maehashi, K. Inoue, K. Matsumoto: 24th International Microprocesses and
Nanotechnology Conference,October 30 - November 2, 2011.,Kobe,Japan.
[24]Carbon Nanotube-based Floating Gate Memory with High-k Dielectrics (oral), Y. Fujii, T. Ohori, Y.
Ohno, K. Maehashi, K. Inoue, K. Matsumoto: 24th International Microprocesses and Nanotechnology
Conference,October 30 - November 2, 2011.,Kobe,Japan.
[25]Direct Synthesis of Graphene on SiO2 Substrates Using Transfer-Free Processes (poster), K. Gumi, Y.
Ohno, K. Maehashi, K. Inoue, K. Matsumoto: 24th International Microprocesses and Nanotechnology
Conference,October 30 - November 2, 2011.,Kobe,Japan.
[26]Horizontally Aligned Carbon Nanotubes on Quartz Substrate for Electrolyte-Gated Chemical and
Biological Sensing (oral), S. Okuda, Y. Ohno, K. Maehashi, K. Inoue, K. Matsumoto: AVS 58th
International Symposium and Exhibition,28 Oct-2 Nov,2011,Florida.
[27]Aptamer Modified Graphene Bio Sensor (oral), K. Maehashi, Y. Ohno, K. Matsumoto: AVS 58th
International Symposium and Exhibition,28 Oct-2 Nov,2011,Florida.
[28]Potassium-Ion Sensors Based on Valinomycin-Modified Graphene Field-Effect Transistors (oral), Y.
Sofue, Y. Ohno, K. Maehashi, K. Inoue, K. Matsumoto: AVS 58th International Symposium and
Exhibition,28 Oct-2 Nov,2011,Florida.
[29]Band-Gap Generation by Using Ionic-Liquid Gate in Bylayer Graphene (oral), Y. Yamashiro, Y. Ohno,
― 168 ―
K. Maehashi, K. Inoue, K. Matsumoto: AVS 58th International Symposium and Exhibition,28 Oct-2
Nov,2011,Florida.
[30]Selective Bio-Sensing Using Modified Nano Carbon FET (invited), K. Matsumoto, Y. Ohno, K.
Maehashi, K. Inoue: 15th International Conference on Thin Films, 8 - 11 November 2011,Kyoto, Japan.
[31]Transfer-Free Graphene Growth by Annealing Amorphous Carbon (poster), Kenta Gumi, Yasuhide
Ohno, Kenzo Maehashi, Koichi Inoue, Kazuhiko Matsumoto: 7th Handai Nanoscience and
Nanotechnology International Symposium,Nov.10-11,2011㺂Japan.
[32]Carbon Nanotube NVM with High-k Gate Dielectic Stack (poster), Yusuke Fujii, Takahiro Ohori,
Yasuhide Ohno, Kenzo Maehashi, Koichi Inoue, Kazuhiko Matsumoto: 7th Handai Nanoscience and
Nanotechnology International Symposium,Nov.10-11,2011㺂Japan.
[33]Bilayer Graphene FET with Ionic-Liquid Electrolyte (poster), Yusuke Yamashiro, Yasuhide Ohno,
Kenzo Maehashi, Koichi Inoue, Kazuhiko Matsumoto: 7th Handai Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
International Symposium,Nov.10-11,2011㺂Japan.
[34]Ion Concentration Dependence of Transfer Characteristics of Ionophore-modified Graphene
Field-Effect Transistors (poster), Yasuyuki Sofue, Yasuhide Ohno, Kenzo Maehashi, Koichi Inoue,
Kazuhiko Matsumoto: 7th Handai Nanoscience and Nanotechnology International
Symposium,Nov.10-11,2011㺂Japan.
[35]Electrolyte-Gated Multichannel Carbon Nanotube Field-Effect Transistors for Biological Sensing
(poster), Satoshi Okuda, Shogo Okamoto, Yasuhide Ohno, Kenzo Maehashi, Koichi Inoue, Kazuhiko
Matsumoto: 7th Handai Nanoscience and Nanotechnology International Symposium,Nov.10-11,2011㺂
Japan.
[36]HSP Detection using Fab-Modified Graphene-FET (poster), Shogo Okamoto, Yasuhide Ohno, Kenzo
Maehashi, Koichi Inoue, Kazuhiko Matsumoto: 7th Handai Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
International Symposium,Nov.10-11,2011㺂Japan.
[37]Nano Carbon Devices and Applications (invited), Kazuhiko Matsumoto, Yasuhide Ohno, Kenzo
Maehashi, Koichi Inoue: International Syposium on Terahertz Nanoscience and Workshop of
International Terahertz Research Network,Osaka, Japan, Nov. 24-29, 2011.
[38]Wrapped Gate Single Charge Memory by Carbon Nanotube FET with SiNx/Al2O3 Double Gate
Insulator Layers (oral), Kazuhiko Matsumoto, Takafumi Kamimura: International Symposium on
Advanced Nanodevices and Nanotechnology.
[39]Charge Sensing using Graphene & Carbon Nanotube Devices (oral), K. Matsumoto, K. Maehashi, Y.
Ohno, T. Kamimura, M. Abe, K. Inoue: The 15th SANKEN International Symposium and the 10th
SANKEN Nanotechnology Symposium,Jan12-13,2012,Japan.
[40]Carbon Nanotube Non-Volatile Memory with High-k Gate Dielectic Stack for Low-Power Operation
(poster), Y. Fujii, K. Koshida, Y. Ohno, K. Maehashi, K. Inoue, K. Matsumoto: The 15th SANKEN
International Symposium and the 10th SANKEN Nanotechnology Symposium,Jan12-13,2012,Japan.
[41]Electrical Field Dependence of Bilayer Graphene in Ionic-liquid (poster), Y. Yamashiro, Y. Ohno, K.
Maehashi, K. Inoue, K. Matsumoto: The 15th SANKEN International Symposium and the 10th SANKEN
Nanotechnology Symposium,Jan12-13,2012,Japan.
[42]Dense, Horizontally Aligned Carbon Nanotubes for Highly Sensitive Chemical Sensor (poster), S.
Okuda, K. Koshida, Y. Ohno, K. Maehashi, K. Inoue, K. Matsumoto: The 15th SANKEN International
― 169 ―
Symposium and the 10th SANKEN Nanotechnology Symposium,Jan12-13,2012,Japan.
[43]Technological Fabrication and Electrical Characterization of Graphene-Based Ion-Selective
Field-Effect Transistors (poster), Y. Sofue, Y. Ohno, K. Maehashi, K. Inoue, K. Matsumoto: The 15th
SANKEN International Symposium and the 10th SANKEN Nanotechnology
Symposium,Jan12-13,2012,Japan.
[44]Direct Graphene Synthesis on SiO2 Substrates Using Transfer-Free Processes (poster), K. Gumi, K.
Inoue, Y. Ohno, K. Maehashi, K. Matsumoto: The 15th SANKEN International Symposium and the 10th
SANKEN Nanotechnology Symposium,Jan12-13,2012,Japan.
[45]Detection of Antigen-Antibody Reaction Based on Antigen-Binding Fragment-Modified
Graphene-FET (poster), S. Okamoto, Y. Ohno, K. Maehashi, K. Inoue, K. Matsumoto: The 15th
SANKEN International Symposium and the 10th SANKEN Nanotechnology
Symposium,Jan12-13,2012,Japan.
ⴭ᭩
[1]ࢢࣛࣇ࢙ࣥࡢ≉ᛶ࡜ࣂ࢖࢜ࢹࣂ࢖ࢫ࡬ࡢᒎ㛤 (Ẹ㇂ ᰤ୍)“ࢼࣀ⼥ྜ࡟ࡼࡿඛ㐍ࣂ࢖࢜ࢹࣂ࢖
ࢫ”, ๓ᶫ ව୕, ࢩ࣮࢚࣒ࢩ࣮ฟ∧, (1-7) 2011.
≉チ
[1]ࠕ༢㟁Ꮚࢺࣛࣥࢪࢫࢱࠖ┿ᓥ ㇏ࠊᑎす ฼἞ࠊᮾ ᗣ⏨ࠊGuillaume Hackenbergerࠊᯇᮏ ࿴ᙪࠊ
๓ᶫ ව୕ࠊ኱㔝 ᜤ⚽, ≉㢪 2012-42588
[2]ࠕ༢㟁Ꮚࢺࣛࣥࢪࢫࢱࠖ┿ᓥ ㇏ࠊᑎす ฼἞ࠊᮾ ᗣ⏨ࠊGuillaume Hackenbergerࠊᯇᮏ ࿴ᙪࠊ
๓ᶫ ව୕ࠊ኱㔝 ᜤ⚽, PCT/JP2012/55002
ᅜ㝿఍㆟ࡢ⤌⧊ጤဨࠊᅜ㝿㞧ㄅࡢ⦅㞟ጤဨ
ᯇᮏ ࿴ᙪ
International Workshop on Quantum Nanostructures and Nanoelectronics (⤌⧊ጤဨ)
International Workshop on Quantum Nanostructures and Nanoelectronics (⤌⧊ጤဨ)
๓ᶫ ව୕
Japanese Journal of Applied Physics (⦅㞟ጤဨ)
๓ᶫ ව୕
ᅜෆᏛ఍
ᛂ⏝≀⌮Ꮫ఍
21 ௳
1௳
᪥ᮏ໬Ꮫ఍
ྲྀᚓᏛ఩
Ꮫኈ㸦ᕤᏛ㸧
࢖࢜ࣥᾮయࢤ࣮ࢺࢆ⏝࠸ࡓࢢࣛࣇ࢙ࣥ㟁⏺ຠᯝࢺࣛࣥࢪࢫࢱࡢ㟁Ẽ≉ᛶ
⏕⏣ ᪸
Ꮫኈ㸦ᕤᏛ㸧
ᯫᶫ࣮࢝࣎ࣥࢼࣀࢳ࣮ࣗࣈ㟁⏺ຠᯝࢺࣛࣥࢪࢫࢱ࡟ࡼࡿࢭࣥࢩࣥࢢ
㉺⏣ ၨ௓
ಟኈ㸦ᕤᏛ㸧
Ỉᖹ㓄ྥᡂ㛗࣮࢝࣎ࣥࢼࣀࢳ࣮ࣗࣈ࡟ࡼࡿࣂ࢖࢜ࢭࣥࢧ࣮ࡢ㛤Ⓨ
ዟ⏣ ⪽ᚿ
ಟኈ㸦ᕤᏛ㸧
࢖࢜ࣀࣇ࢛࢔ಟ㣭ࢢࣛࣇ࢙ࣥ FET ࡟ࡼࡿ㑅ᢥⓗ࢖᳨࢜ࣥฟ
♽∗Ụ 㟹அ
⛉Ꮫ◊✲㈝⿵ຓ㔠
༢఩㸸༓෇
≉ᐃ㡿ᇦ◊✲
࣮࢝࣎ࣥࢼࣀࢳ࣮ࣗࣈࣂ࢖࢜ࢭࣥࢧ࣮
7,200
ᯇᮏ ࿴ᙪ
ⱝᡭ◊✲㸦B㸧
ࢢࣛࣇ࢙ࣥࢺࣛࣥࢪࢫࢱࢆ⏝࠸ࡓࣂ࢖࢜ࢭࣥࢩࣥࢢᢏ⾡ࡢ
1,170
኱㔝 ᜤ⚽
㛤Ⓨ
ཷク◊✲
ᯇᮏ ࿴ᙪ
JST ᡓ␎ⓗ๰㐀◊✲᥎㐍 㔞Ꮚ⏺㠃ไᚚ㔞Ꮚࢼࣀࢹࣂ࢖ࢫ
41,600
஦ᴗ CREST
ࡢ㛤Ⓨ
― 170 ―
ඛ㐍㟁Ꮚࢹࣂ࢖ࢫ◊✲ศ㔝
ཎⴭㄽᩥ
[1]High-speed flexible organic field-effect transistors with a 3D Structure, M. Uno, K. Nakayama, J.
Soeda, Y. Hirose, K. Miwa, T. Uemura, A. Nakao, K. Takimiya, and J. Takeya: Adv. Mater., 23 (2011)
3047–3051.
[2]Hall effect measurements probing the degree of charge carrier delocalization in solution-processed,
crystalline molecular semiconductors, J.-F. Chang, T. Sakanoue, Y. Oliviera, T. Uemura, M.-B. D.-Madec,
S. G. Yeates, J. Cornila, J. Takeya, A. Troisi, H. Sirringhaus: Phys. Rev. Lett., 107 (2011) 066601.
[3]Solution-crystallized organic field-effect transistors with charge-acceptor layers: high-mobility and
low-threshold-voltage operation in air, J. Soeda, Y. Hirose, M. Yamagishi, A. Nakao, T. Uemura, K.
Nakayama, M. Uno, Y.Nakazawa, K. Takimiya, and J. Takeya: Adv. Mater., 23 (2011) 3309-3314.
[4]High electron mobility in air for N,N'-1H,1H-perfluorobutyldicyanoperylene carboxydi-imide
solution-crystallized thin-film transistors on hydrophobic surfaces, J. Soeda, T. Uemura, Y. Mizuno, A.
Nakao, Y. Nakazawa, A. Facchetti, and J. Takeya: Adv. Mater., 23 (2011) 3681–3685.
[5]Organic single-crystal transistors: development of solution processes and charge transport mechanisms,
T. Uemura, J. Takeya: Proceedings of SPIE, 8117 (2011) 81170J-1~7.
[6]Charge transport and Hall effect in rubrene single-crystal transistors under high pressure, Y. Okada, K.
Sakai, T. Uemura, Y. Nakazawa, and J. Takeya: Phys. Rev. B, 84 (2011) 245308.
[7]Temperature dependence of the Hall effect in pentacene field-effect transistors: Possibility of charge
decoherence induced by molecular fluctuations, T. Uemura, M. Yamagishi, J. Soeda, Y. Takatsuki, Y.
Okada, Y. Nakazawa, and J. Takeya: Phys. Rev. B, 85 (2012) 035313.
ᅜ㝿఍㆟
[1]Hall effect and charge transport in organic thin-film transistors (oral), T. Uemura, M. Yamagishi, Y.
Takatsuki, Y. Okada, Y. Nakazawa, and J. Takeya: 2011 MRS Fall Meeting, November 28 - December 2,
2011Hynes Convention Center, Boston, MA.
[2]Short-channel and high-mobility p- and n-type organic single-crystal transistors with air-gap structures
(oral), M. Uno, T. Uemura, K. Miwa, A. Facchetti, and J. Takeya: 2011 MRS Fall Meeting, November 28
- December 2, 2011Hynes Convention Center, Boston, MA.
[3]P- and N-type solution-crystallized organic transistors and high-performance printable inverters (oral),
J. Soeda, T. Uemura, Y. Mizuno, A. Nakao, Y. Hirose, M. Yamagishi, M. Uno, K. Nakayama, Y.
Nakazawa, K. Takimiya, A. Facchetti and J. Takeya: 2011 MRS Fall Meeting, November 28 - December
2, 2011Hynes Convention Center, Boston, MA.
[4]Patternable solution-crystallized organic transistors with high charge carrier mobility (oral), T. Uemura,
K. Nakayama, Y. Hirose, J. Soeda, M. Uno, Y. Nakazawa and J. Takeya: Fourth international
symposium on atomically controlled fabrication technology, October 31 - November 2 , 2011, Osaka
University Nakanoshima Center, Osaka, Japan.
[5]Organic single-crystal transistors based on tetracene-related materials (poster), K. Nakahara, T.
Okamoto, and J. Takeya: Fourth international symposium on atomically controlled fabrication technology,
October 31 - November 2 , 2011, Osaka University Nakanoshima Center, Osaka, Japan.
[6]High-power and air-stable three-dimensional polymer FETs (poster), K. Nakayama, T. Uemura, M.
Uno, and J. Takeya: Fourth international symposium on atomically controlled fabrication technology,
October 31 - November 2 , 2011, Osaka University Nakanoshima Center, Osaka, Japan.
― 171 ―
[7]Organic single-crystal transistors based on tetracene-related materials (poster), K. Nakahara, T.
Okamoto, and J. Takeya: 7th Handai Nanoscience and Nanotechnology international symposiu,
November 10-11, 2011, Icho-kaikan, Osaka University, Japan.
[8]High-power and air-stable three-dimensional polymer FETs (poster), K. Nakayama, T. Uemura, M.
Uno, and J. Takeya: 7th Handai Nanoscience and Nanotechnology international symposiu, November
10-11, 2011, Icho-kaikan, Osaka University, Japan.
[9]Organic single-crystal transistors: development of solution processes and charge transport mechanisms
(invited), T. Uemura, J. Takeya: SPIE,USA.
[10]Organic active-matrix TFTs with air-stable organic semiconductors (oral), T. Uemura, M. Uno, k.
Nakayama, N. Shomoto, M. Ito, K. Takimiya, J. Takeya: The 18th International Display Workshops
(IDW'11),December 7(Wed) – 9(Fri), 2011,Nagoyo.
[11]Solution-crystalized organic single crystal transistors (invited), J. Takeya: ICMAT, June 28, 2011,
Convention Center, Singapore.
[12]Organic Semiconductor Crystals 101: Charge transport in high-performance organic transistors
(invited), J. Takeya: Tutorial, MRS Fall Meeting, November 27, 2011, Boston Convention Center, MA,
USA.
[13]Pressure effect in organic single-crystal transistors (oral), J. Takeya: APS March Meeting,March
21–25, 2011,Dallas, Texas.
ⴭ᭩
[1]ᅛయ≀⌮㸦㧗⛣ືᗘ᭷ᶵ༙ᑟయࢺࣛࣥࢪࢫࢱࡢ࣮࣍ࣝຠᯝ㸧 “㧗⛣ືᗘ᭷ᶵ༙ᑟయࢺࣛࣥࢪ
ࢫࢱࡢ࣮࣍ࣝຠᯝ”, ➉㇂ ⣧୍, ࢔ࢢࢿฟ∧, 46 (11 ࣮࣌ࢪ) 2011.
[2]㧗ศᏊ㸦“ሬࡿ᭷ᶵ༙ᑟయ”㸫ሬᕸᆺ᭷ᶵ༙ᑟయ࡟ࡼࡿ㧗⛣ືᗘࢺࣛࣥࢪࢫࢱ㸫㸧 ““ሬࡿ᭷ᶵ
༙ᑟయ”㸫ሬᕸᆺ᭷ᶵ༙ᑟయ࡟ࡼࡿ㧗⛣ືᗘࢺࣛࣥࢪࢫࢱ㸫”, ➉㇂ ⣧୍, 㧗ศᏊᏛ఍, 61 (2 ࣌
࣮ࢪ) 2012.
≉チ
[1]ࠕ᭷ᶵࢺࣛࣥࢪࢫࢱཬࡧࡑࡢ〇㐀᪉ἲࠖ➉㇂ ⣧୍ࠊᏱ㔝 ┿⏤⨾, ≉㢪 2011-171136
[2]ࠕ⮬ᕫ⤌⧊໬༢ศᏊ⭷ᙧᡂ⏝ࡢ໬ྜ≀ཬࡧࡑࢀࢆ⏝࠸ࡓ᭷ᶵ༙ᑟయ⣲Ꮚࠖ➉㇂ ⣧୍ࠊᒸᮏ
ᩄᏹ, ≉㢪 2011-177539
ᅜෆᏛ఍
➨ 5 ᅇศᏊ⛉Ꮫウㄽ఍ 2011 ᮐᖠ
➨ 72 ᅇ ᛂ⏝≀⌮Ꮫ఍Ꮫ⾡ㅮ₇఍
㸦♫㸧᪥ᮏ≀⌮Ꮫ఍ 2011 ᖺ⛅Ꮨ኱఍
⛉Ꮫ◊✲㈝⿵ຓ㔠
ᇶ┙◊✲㸦㸿㸧
➉㇂ ⣧୍
ᇶ┙◊✲㸦C㸧
㡲⸨ Ꮥ୍
ⱝᡭ◊✲㸦A㸧
᳜ᮧ 㝯ᩥ
◊✲άືࢫࢱ࣮
ࢺᨭ᥼
2௳
5௳
3௳
᭷ᶵ༢⤖ᬗ⏺㠃ࡢࢹࣂ࢖ࢫᶵ⬟࡜≀ᛶࡢ㛤ᣅ
⾲㠃ᣑᩓ࡟ࡼࡿᙧែኚ໬ࢆ฼⏝ࡋࡓࢩࣜࢥࣥ⾲㠃࡟࠾ࡅࡿ
୕ḟඖᚤ⣽ᵓ㐀ᙧᡂ
ศᏊᦂࡽࡂࡢᐤ୚ࡍࡿ᭷ᶵ༙ᑟయ࢟ࣕࣜ࢔ఏᑟᶵᵓゎ᫂࡜
㧗⛣ືᗘࢺࣛࣥࢪࢫࢱࡢ㛤Ⓨ
᪂つ࿘㎶ ʌ ඹᙺ⣔໬ྜ≀ࡢ๰ᡂ࡜᭷ᶵ༙ᑟయࢹࣂ࢖ࢫ࡬ࡢ
ᛂ⏝
― 172 ―
༢఩㸸༓෇
12,870
1,560
16,640
1,690
୕ὠ஭ ぶᙪ
≉ู◊✲ဨዡບ ࢢࣛࣇ࢙ࣥ➃ࡢᒁᡤ㟁Ꮚᵓ㐀ࡢゎᯒ
㈝
㓇஭ ㅬ୍
ཷク◊✲
➉㇂ ⣧୍
⏘Ꮫ࢖ࣀ࣮࣋ࢩࣙࣥຍ㏿ ᪂ࡋ࠸㧗ᛶ⬟࣏࣐࣮༙ࣜᑟయᮦ
஦ᴗ ᡓ␎ⓗ࢖ࣀ࣮࣋ࢩ ᩱ࡜༳ๅࣉࣟࢭࢫ࡟ࡼࡿ
ࣙࣥ๰ฟ᥎㐍஦ᴗ
AM-TFT ࢆᇶ┙࡜ࡍࡿࣇࣞ࢟ࢩ
ࣈࣝࢹ࢕ࢫࣉࣞ࢖ࡢ㛤Ⓨ
➉㇂ ⣧୍
ࢼࣀࢸࢡ࣭ඛ➃㒊ᮦᐇ⏝ 㠉᪂ⓗ࡞㧗ᛶ⬟᭷ᶵࢺࣛࣥࢪࢫ
໬◊✲㛤Ⓨ஦ᴗ
ࢱࢆ⏝࠸ࡓⷧᆺࢹ࢕ࢫࣉࣞ࢖⏝
㸦H21-H22㸧
࣐ࢺࣜࢵࢡࢫࡢ㛤Ⓨ
ᡓ␎ⓗᅜ㝿⛉Ꮫᢏ⾡༠ຊ ᭷ᶵ༙ᑟయ࣏࣐࣮ࣜཬࡧ᭷ᶵ༙
➉㇂ ⣧୍
᥎㐍஦ᴗ
ᑟయ༢⤖ᬗ࡟࠾ࡅࡿ࢟ࣕࣜ࢔ఏ
ᑟࡢ⤫୍ⓗ⌮ゎ࡜᭷ᶵࢺࣛࣥࢪ
ࢫࢱࡢືసᶵᵓゎ᫂
➉㇂ ⣧୍
◊✲ᡂᯝᒎ㛤஦ᴗ ◊✲ ୡ⏺᭱㧗ᛶ⬟ࡢሬᕸᆺ᭷ᶵࢺࣛ
ᡂᯝ᭱㐺ᒎ㛤ᨭ᥼ࣉࣟࢢ ࣥࢪࢫࢱࢆ⏝࠸ࡓⷧᆺࢹ࢕ࢫࣉ
࣒ࣛ ࢩ࣮ࢬ㢧ᅾ໬ࢱ࢖ ࣞ࢖ࢻࣛ࢖ࣂ⏝ㄽ⌮ࢹࣂ࢖ࢫࡢ
ࣉ (㸿-㹑㹒㹃㹎)
㛤Ⓨ
ዡᏛᐤ㝃㔠
➉㇂ ⣧୍
⏣୰㈗㔠ᒓ࢖ࣥࢱ࣮ࢼࢩࣙࢼࣝᰴᘧ఍♫ ௦⾲ྲྀ⥾ᙺ♫㛗
ᒸᮏ ⱥᙗ
➉㇂ ⣧୍
ᗈᰤ໬Ꮫᕤᴗᰴᘧ఍♫ ྲྀ⥾ᙺ♫㛗 ⚄⏣ ┤ဢ
ᐩኈ㟁ᶵᰴᘧ఍♫ 㟁Ꮚࢹࣂ࢖ࢫ஦ᴗᮏ㒊ᯇᮏᕤሙ ᢏ⾡⤫
㡲⸨ Ꮥ୍
ᣓ㒊 ஭ฟ ဴ㞝
ඹྠ◊✲
➉㇂ ⣧୍
ओ༙ᑟయ⌮ᕤᏛ◊✲ࢭࣥ 㧗ᛶ⬟㹬ᆺ᭷ᶵ༢⤖ᬗࢺࣛࣥࢪ
ࢱ࣮The Semiconductor
ࢫࢱࡢ㛤Ⓨ࡜ືసᶵᵓࡢゎ᫂
Technology Academic
Research Center
➉㇂ ⣧୍
ࢺࢵࣃ࣭ࣥࣇ࢛࣮࣒ࢬओ 㖟࢖ࣥࢡࢆ㟁ᴟᮦ࡜ࡋࡓሬᕸᆺ
㧗ᛶ⬟᭷ᶵࢺࣛࣥࢪࢫࢱࡢᐇ⏝
໬◊✲
ओࢹࣥࢯ࣮
᭷ᶵ༙ᑟయ㧗㏿ࢫ࢖ࢵࢳࢹࣂ࢖
➉㇂ ⣧୍
ࢫࡢ㛤Ⓨ
➉㇂ ⣧୍
㹈㹌㹁ओ
᭷ᶵ༙ᑟయᮦᩱࢆ⏝࠸ࡓ㟁Ꮚ⣲
Ꮚࡢヨస࣭㛤Ⓨཬࡧᮦᩱ㛤Ⓨ
➉㇂ ⣧୍
ఫ཭໬Ꮫओ
᭷ᶵࢺࣛࣥࢪࢫࢱⷧ⭷ࡢ㛤Ⓨ
᪥ᮏ࢚ࣞࢡࢺࣟࣉࣞ࢖ࢸ ࡵࡗࡁἲ࡟ࡼࡿ᭷ᶵ༙ᑟయ⭷ୖ
➉㇂ ⣧୍
࢕ࣥࢢ࢚ࣥࢪࢽ࣮ࣖࢫओ ࡬ࡢ㟁ᴟᙧᡂᢏ⾡࡟㛵ࡍࡿ◊✲
700
20,239
299
4,000
3,800
500
500
490
5,200
5,630
2,492
2,000
1,012
1,000
」ྜ▱⬟࣓ࢹ࢕࢔◊✲ศ㔝
ཎⴭㄽᩥ
[1]Ṍᐜㄆドࡢࡓࡵࡢᛶ⬟ࣔࢹࣝ࡟ࡼࡿ࣓࢝ࣛ᭱㐺㓄⨨, ㉥Ụ┤ᶞࠊᵐཎ㟹ࠊඵᮌᗣྐ: 㟁Ꮚ᝟ሗ
㏻ಙᏛ఍ㄽᩥㄅ D, J95-D (3) (2012) .
[2]ᩓ஘፹యෆ࡟࠾ࡅࡿ≀యࡢ཯ᑕ≉ᛶࣔࢹࣝࡢᥦ᱌, 㤿ሙⴥᏊࠊྥᕝᗣ༤ࠊඵᮌᗣྐ: 㟁Ꮚ᝟ሗ
㏻ಙᏛ఍ㄽᩥㄅ D, J95-D (2) (2012) 287-296.
[3]ࢡࣛࢫෆኚືࡢࢡࣛࢫࢱ࣌࢔࡟ᇶ࡙ࡃุูศᯒ, ᵐཎ㟹ࠊඵᮌᗣྐ: 㟁Ꮚ᝟ሗ㏻ಙᏛ఍ㄽᩥㄅ
D, J94-D (8) (2011) 1216-1226.
[4]పࣇ࣮࣒࣮ࣞࣞࢺᫎീࡢࡓࡵࡢṌ⾜࿘ᮇ࡟ᇶ࡙ࡃ఩┦ྠᮇ࡟ࡼࡿṌᐜㄆド, ᳃ᩔྐࠊᵐཎ㟹ࠊ
― 173 ―
ඵᮌᗣྐ: 㟁Ꮚ᝟ሗ㏻ಙᏛ఍ㄽᩥㄅ D, J94-D (8) (2011) 1290-1299.
[5]ಙ㢗ᗘ࡟ᇶ࡙ࡃ㐺ᛂⓗ㜈್ไᚚ࡟ࡼࡿ ROC ᭤⥺᭱㐺໬, ᵐཎ㟹ࠊ࢔ࣝࢱࣈ࣍ࢧ࢖ࣥࠊඵᮌᗣ
ྐ: 㟁Ꮚ᝟ሗ㏻ಙᏛ఍ㄽᩥㄅ D, J94-D (8) (2011) 1227-1239.
[6]࣍ࣔࢢࣛࣇ࢕ᑐᛂ࣌࢔࡟ᇶ࡙ࡃ๓ᬒ࣭ᙳ࣭⫼ᬒࡢࢭࢢ࣓ࣥࢸ࣮ࢩࣙࣥ, ᒾ㛫ᬕஅࠊᵐཎ㟹ࠊඵ
ᮌᗣྐ: 㟁Ꮚ᝟ሗ㏻ಙᏛ఍ㄽᩥㄅ D, J94-D (8) (2011) 1300-1313.
[7]Periodic Temporal Super Resolution based on Phase Registration and Manifold Reconstruction, Y.
Makihara, A. Mori, Y. Yagi: IPSJ Trans. on Computer Vision and Applications, 3 (2011) 134-147.
[8]Ringing Detector for Deblurring based on Frequency Analysis of PSF, C. Inoshita, Y. Mukaigawa, Y.
Yagi: IPSJ Trans. on Computer Vision and Applications, 3 (2011) 236-247.
[9]Hemispherical Confocal Imaging, S.Tagawa, Y.Mukaigawa, J.Kim, R.Raskar, Y.Matsushita, Y.Yag:
IPSJ Trans. on Computer Vision and Applications, 3 (2011) 222-235.
[10]Analysis of Scattering Light Transport in Translucent Media, Y.Mukaigawa, R.Raskar, Y.Yag: IPSJ
Trans. on Computer Vision and Applications, 3 (2011) 122-133.
[11]ᒇእᅛᐃ࣓࢝ࣛࢆᑐ㇟࡜ࡋࡓ㛗᫬㛫⏬ീゎᯒ࡟ࡼࡿ⫼ᬒ⏬ീ⏕ᡂ, ᕝすᗣ཭ࠊ‶ୖ⫱ஂࠊ⨾
⃰ᑟᙪ: 㟁Ꮚ᝟ሗ㏻ಙᏛ఍ㄽᩥㄅ D, J94-D (8) (2011) 1359-1367.
[12]Entire Shape Acquisition Technique Using Multiple Projectors and Cameras with Parallel Pattern
Projection, R. Furukawa, R. Sagawa, H. Kawasaki, K. Sakashita, Y. Yagi, N. Asada: IPSJ Trans. on
Computer Vision and Applications, 4 (2012) 40-52.
[13]」ᩘࣉࣟࢪ࢙ࢡࢱࢆ⏝࠸ࡓ⥺ᙧゎἲ࡟ࡼࡿ࣡ࣥࢩࣙࢵࢺ࢔ࢡࢸ࢕ࣈᙧ≧ィ , ྂᕝுࠊᕝᓮ
ὒࠊబᕝ❧ᫀࠊ㜰ୗ࿴ᘯࠊ኱⏣㞝ஓࠊ㢌ᖌ㝠ኴࠊඵᮌᗣྐࠊὸ⏣ᑦ⣖: ᝟ሗฎ⌮Ꮫ఍ㄽᩥㄅ, 52 (5)
(2011) 1923-1938.
ᅜ㝿఍㆟
[1]Performance Evaluation of Gait Recognition using the Largest Inertial Sensor-based Gait Database,
N.T. Trung, Y. Makihara, H. Nagahara, R. Sagawa, Y. Mukaigawa, Y. Yagi: Proc. of the 5th IAPR
International Conference on Biometrics (ICB 2012), (2012) .
[2]Action Recognition Using Dynamics Features, A. Mansur, Y. Makihara, Y. Yagi: Proc. of 2011 IEEE
International Conference on Robotics and Automation, (2011) 4020-4025.
[3]The Online Gait Measurement for Characteristic Gait Animation Synthesis, Y. Makihara, M. Okumura,
Y. Yagi, S. Morishima: Proc. of Human Computer Interaction International 2011, 6773 (2011) 325-334.
[4]Primary Analysis of Human's Gait and Gaze Direction Using Multiple Motion Sensors, I. Mitsugami,
Y. Nagase, Y. Yagi: Proc. of 1st Asian Conference on Pattern Recognition (ACPR2011), (2011) .
[5]Gait Recognition using Periodic Temporal Super Resolution for Low Frame-rate Videos, N. Akae, Y.
Makihara, Y. Yagi: Proc. of the International Joint Conference on Biometrics (IJCB2011), (178) (2011)
1-7.
[6]Score-level Fusion based on the Direct Estimation of the Bayes Error Gradient Distribution, Y.
Makihara, M.A. Hossain, D. Muramatsu, Y. Yagi: Proc. of the International Joint Conference on
Biometrics (IJCB2011), (197) (2011) 1-8.
[7]Gait-based Age Estimation using a Whole-generation Gait Database, Y. Makihara, M. Okumura, H.
― 174 ―
Iwama, Y. Yagi: Proc. of the International Joint Conference on Biometrics (IJCB2011), (195) (2011) 1-6.
[8]Image-Enhanced Capsule Endoscopy Preserving the Original Color Tones, H. Vu, T. Echigo, K. Yagi,
H. Okazaki, Y. Fujiwara, Y. Yagi: Proc. of MICCAI 2011 Workshop: Computational and Clinical
Applications in Abdominal Imaging, 7029 (2011) 35-43.
[9]Measuring and Modeling of Multi-layered Subsurface Scattering for Human Skin, T. Mashita, Y.
Mukaigawa, Y. Yagi: Proc. of Human Computer Interaction International 2011, (2011) .
[10]Providing Immersive Virtual Experience with First-person Perspective Omnidirectional Movies and
Three Dimensional Sound Field, K. Kondo, Y. Mukaigawa, Y. Ikeda, S. Enomoto, S. Ise, S. Nakamura, Y.
Yagi: Proc. of Human Computer Interaction International 2011, (2011) .
[11]Phase Registration in a Gallery Improving Gait Authentication, N.T. Trung, Y. Makihara, H. Nagahara,
R. Sagawa, Y. Mukaigawa, and Y. Yagi: Proc. of the International Joint Conference on Biometrics
(IJCB2011), (2011) 1-7.
[12]A System for Capturing Textured 3D Shapes based on One-shot Grid Pattern with Multi-band Camera
and Infrared Projector, K. Sakashita, R. Sagawa, R. Furukawa, H. Kawasaki, Y. Yagi: Proc. 2011
International Conference on 3D Imaging, Modeling, Processing, Visualization and Transmission
(3DIMPVT), (2011) 49-56.
ゎㄝࠊ⥲ㄝ
⚾ࡢ◊✲㛤Ⓨࢶ࣮ࣝ Bundler: Structure from Motion for Unordered Image Collections, ‶ୖ⫱ஂ, ᫎ
ീ᝟ሗ࣓ࢹ࢕࢔Ꮫ఍ㄅ, ᫎീ᝟ሗ࣓ࢹ࢕࢔Ꮫ఍, 53 (2011), 479-482.
࢞࢘ࢫ㐣⛬ᅇᖐࢆ⏝࠸ࡓṌࡁ᪉ࡢಶᛶ࡟ᇶ࡙ࡃᖺ㱋᥎ᐃ, ዟᮧ┿⏤ࠊᵐཎ㟹ࠊඵᮌᗣྐ, ⏬ീࣛ
࣎, ᪥ᮏᕤᴗฟ∧, 22 (2011), 15-20.
ⴭ᭩
[1]ࢥࣥࣆ࣮ࣗࢱࣅࢪࣙࣥ᭱ඛ➃࢞࢖ࢻ㸲㸪➨㸳❶ࠕ཯ᑕ࣭ᩓ஘ࡢィ ࡜ࣔࢹࣝ໬ࠖ (ඵᮌ ᗣྐࠊ
ᩪ⸨ ⱥ㞝)“ࢥࣥࣆ࣮ࣗࢱࣅࢪࣙࣥ᭱ඛ➃࢞࢖ࢻ 4 [CVIM ࢳ࣮ࣗࢺࣜ࢔ࣝࢩ࣮ࣜࢬ]”, ྥᕝᗣ༤,
࢔ࢻࢥ࣒࣭࣓ࢹ࢕࢔, 4 (121-150) 2011.
ᅜ㝿఍㆟ࡢ⤌⧊ጤဨࠊᅜ㝿㞧ㄅࡢ⦅㞟ጤဨ
ඵᮌ ᗣྐ
14th International Workshop on Combinatorial Image Analysis (IWCIA2011) (ࣉࣟ
ࢢ࣒ࣛጤဨ)
ඵᮌ ᗣྐ
International Journal of Automation and Computing (⦅㞟ጤဨ)
ඵᮌ ᗣྐ
The Open Artificial Intelligence Journal (⦅㞟ጤဨ)
ඵᮌ ᗣྐ
2011 IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation (ICRA2011) (⦅㞟
ጤဨ)
ඵᮌ ᗣྐ
The 24th IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition
(CVPR2011) (ᰝㄞጤဨ)
ඵᮌ ᗣྐ
The 24th IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition
(CVPR2011) (ࣉࣟࢢ࣒ࣛጤဨ)
ඵᮌ ᗣྐ
Panamedia 2011 Workshop (㐠Ⴀጤဨ㛗)
ඵᮌ ᗣྐ
IEEE MMTC (㐠Ⴀጤဨ)
ඵᮌ ᗣྐ
IPSJ Trans. Computer Vision and Application (ඹྠ⦅㞟㛗)
ඵᮌ ᗣྐ
Asian Federation of Computer vision societies (㈈ົጤဨ㛗)
ඵᮌ ᗣྐ
Asian Conference on Pattern recognition 2011 (ࣉࣟࢢ࣒ࣛጤဨ㛗)
ඵᮌ ᗣྐ
IEEE Communication Society Multimedia Communications Technical Committee (ᢞ
⚊ጤဨ)
ඵᮌ ᗣྐ
The 13rd International Conference on Computer Vision (ICCV2011) (ࣉࣟࢢ࣒ࣛጤ
ဨ)
― 175 ―
ඵᮌ ᗣྐ
ඵᮌ ᗣྐ
ྥᕝ ᗣ༤
ྥᕝ ᗣ༤
ྥᕝ ᗣ༤
ྥᕝ ᗣ༤
ྥᕝ ᗣ༤
ྥᕝ ᗣ༤
ྥᕝ ᗣ༤
ྥᕝ ᗣ༤
Asian Conference on Pattern recognition 2013 (ᐇ⾜ጤဨ㛗)
3rd AFCV International Workshop on Recent Trends in Computer Vision (⤌⧊ጤဨ)
The 24th IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition
(CVPR2011) (ࣉࣟࢢ࣒ࣛጤဨ)
The 17th Scandinavian Conference on Image Analysis (SCIA2011) (ᰝㄞጤဨ)
The 13rd International Conference on Computer Vision (ICCV2011) (ࣉࣟࢢ࣒ࣛጤ
ဨ)
3rd AFCV International Workshop on Recent Trends in Computer Vision (⤌⧊ጤဨ)
Pacific-Rim Symposium on Image and Video Technology 2011 (㡿ᇦࢳ࢙࢔)
The 25th IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition
(CVPR2012) (ࣉࣟࢢ࣒ࣛጤဨ)
The 11th Asian Conference on Computer Vision (ACCV2012) (㡿ᇦࢳ࢙࢔)
The 21st International Conference on Pattern Recognition (ICPR2012) (ࣉࣟࢢ࣒ࣛ
ጤဨ)
3rd AFCV International Workshop on Recent Trends in Computer Vision (⤌⧊ጤဨ)
Asian Conference on Pattern recognition 2011 (ࣉࣟࢢ࣒ࣛጤဨ)
Pacific-Rim Symposium on Image and Video Technology 2011 (ࣉࣟࢢ࣒ࣛጤဨ)
3rd AFCV International Workshop on Recent Trends in Computer Vision (⤌⧊ጤဨ)
Asian Conference on Pattern recognition 2013 (ᗈሗጤဨ)
ᵐཎ 㟹
ᵐཎ 㟹
ᵐཎ 㟹
‶ୖ ⫱ஂ
‶ୖ ⫱ஂ
ᅜෆᏛ఍
᝟ሗฎ⌮Ꮫ఍ ࢥࣥࣆ࣮ࣗࢱࣅࢪࣙࣥ࡜࢖࣓࣮ࢪ࣓ࢹ࢕࢔◊✲఍
⏬ീࡢㄆ㆑࣭⌮ゎࢩ࣏ࣥࢪ࣒࢘(MIRU2011)
㟁Ꮚ᝟ሗ㏻ಙᏛ఍ ་⏝⏬ീ◊✲఍
ྲྀᚓᏛ఩
ಟኈ㸦᝟ሗ⛉Ꮫ㸧 పࣇ࣮࣒࣮ࣞࣞࢺᫎീ࠿ࡽࡢ࿘ᮇ⏬ീิ᚟ඖ࡟ࡼࡿṌᐜㄆド
㉥Ụ ┤ᶞ
ಟኈ㸦᝟ሗ⛉Ꮫ㸧 ༢୍ᩓ஘ᙉᗘ࡟ᇶ࡙ࡃ༙㏱᫂≀యࡢ⾲㠃ᙧ≧᥎ᐃ
஭ୗ ᬛຍ
ಟኈ㸦᝟ሗ⛉Ꮫ㸧 ගఏ᧛ࡢゎᯒ࡟ࡼࡿᆒ୍࡞ᩓ஘፹యෆ㒊ࡢ㐽ⶸ≀ศᕸ᥎ᐃ
᳃ཱྀ ⩧⏕
⛉Ꮫ◊✲㈝⿵ຓ㔠
ᇶ┙◊✲㸦㹑㸧 ࣞࣥࢬࣞࢫ඲᪉఩ࢭࣥࢧ࡟ࡼࡿ⿦╔ᆺ࢔ࣥࣅ࢚ࣥࢺ┘ど࡜
ඵᮌ ᗣྐ
ඣ❺㜵≢࡬ࡢⓎᒎ
᭱ඛ➃࣭ḟୡ௦ ࢥࣥࣆࣗࢸ࣮ࢩࣙࢼࣝࣇ࢛ࢺࢢࣛࣇ࢕࡟ࡼࡿᏳ඲࡞ேయෆ
◊✲㛤Ⓨᨭ᥼ࣉ 㒊㸱ḟඖᵓ㐀ࡢྍど໬
ࣟࢢ࣒ࣛ
ྥᕝ ᗣ༤
ⱝᡭ◊✲㸦A㸧
Ṍᐜࡺࡽࡂゎᯒ࡟ᇶ࡙ࡃṌᐜㄆドࡢ㧗⢭ᗘ໬
ᵐཎ 㟹
ⱝᡭ◊✲㸦B㸧
≀య⾲㠃ࡢගἑᛶࢆ฼⏝ࡋࡓ୕ḟඖᙧ≧ィ ᢏ⾡ࡢ㛤Ⓨ
‶ୖ ⫱ஂ
ⱝᡭ◊✲㸦B㸧
➹グືసࢆ⏝࠸ࡓ㧗⢭ᗘ࣐ࣝࢳ࣮ࣔࢲࣝㄆドᡭἲࡢᵓ⠏
ᮧᯇ ኱࿃
ཷク◊✲
ඵᮌ ᗣྐ
᪥ᮏᏛ⾡᣺⯆఍
▱ぬ᝟ሗฎ⌮ศ㔝࡟㛵ࡍࡿᏛ⾡
ືྥࡢㄪᰝ◊✲
ඵᮌ ᗣྐ
⛉Ꮫᢏ⾡᣺⯆ᶵᵓ
Ṍᐜពᅗ⾜ືࣔࢹࣝ࡟ᇶ࡙࠸ࡓ
ே≀⾜ືゎᯒ࡜ᚰࢆ෗ࡍ᝟ሗ⎔
ቃࡢᵓ⠏
ᩥ㒊⛉Ꮫ┬
ே≀ᫎീゎᯒ࡟ࡼࡿ≢⨥ᤚᰝᨭ
ඵᮌ ᗣྐ
᥼ࢩࢫࢸ࣒ 㸦Ᏻ඲࣭Ᏻᚰ࡞♫఍
ࡢࡓࡵࡢ≢⨥࣭ࢸࣟᑐ⟇ᢏ⾡➼ᐇ
⏝໬ࣉࣟࢢ࣒ࣛ㸧
― 176 ―
10 ௳
4௳
1௳
༢఩㸸༓෇
42,250
41,566
5,460
1,560
1,560
2,247
46,398
23,807
ዡᏛᐤ㝃㔠
ඵᮌ ᗣྐ
ඵᮌ ᗣྐ
ඵᮌ ᗣྐ
ඹྠ◊✲
ඵᮌ ᗣྐ
ඵᮌ ᗣྐ
ඵᮌ ᗣྐ
ᰴᘧ఍♫᪥❧〇సᡤ ᶓ὾◊✲ᡤ
࣒࢜ࣟࣥᰴᘧ఍♫ ᢏ⾡ᮏ㒊 ࢥ࢔ࢸࢡࣀࣟࢪ࣮ࢭࣥࢱ࣮
2,200
900
500
ᰴᘧ఍♫ᮏ⏣ᢏ⾡◊✲
ᡤ
࢜ࣜࣥࣃࢫᰴᘧ఍♫
⏬ീฎ⌮ᢏ⾡ࡢ◊✲㛤Ⓨ
6,050
⓶⭵ࡢ≀ᛶ ᐃ࡟ᇶ࡙ࡃࢩ࣑ࣗ
࣮ࣞࢩࣙࣥᢏ⾡㛤Ⓨ
1,650
▱⬟᥎ㄽ◊✲ศ㔝
ཎⴭㄽᩥ
[1]DirectLiNGAM: A Direct Method for Learning a Linear Non-Gaussian Structural Equation Model, S.
Shimizu, T. Inazumi, Y. Sogawa, A. Hyvärinen, Y. Kawahara, T. Washio, P. O. Hoyer and K. Bollen:
Journal of Machine Learning Research, 12 (2011) 1225-1248.
[2]Analyzing relationships among ARMA processes based on non-Gaussianity of external influences, Y.
Kawahara, S. Shimizu and T. Washio: Neurocomputing, 74 (12-13) (2011) 2212-2221.
[3]Estimating Exogenous Variables in Data with More Variables than Observations, Y. Sogawa, S.
Shimizu, T. Shimamura, A. Hyvarinen, T. Washio and S. Imoto: Neural Networks, 24 (8) (2011) 875-880.
[4]ḟඖ๐ῶ࡜ࢡࣛࢫࢱࣜࣥࢢ࡟ࡼࡿᏱᐂᶵࢸ࣓ࣞࢺࣜ┘どἲ, ▮ධ೺ஂ, ஝⛱, Ἑཎྜྷఙ, 㧗⏣
᪼: ᪥ᮏ⯟✵ᏱᐂᏛ఍ㄽᩥ㞟, 59 (691) (2011) 197-205.
[5]ᒁᡤ⥺ᙧࣔࢹࣝࡢ࢔ࣛ࢖࣓ࣥࣥࢺ࡟ࡼࡿ㠀⥺ᙧືⓗࢩࢫࢸ࣒ࡢᏛ⩦ἲ, ୖ⏥ᫀ㑻, Ἑཎྜྷఙ,
▮ධ೺ஂ: ேᕤ▱⬟Ꮫ఍ㄽᩥㄅ, 26 (6) (2011) 638-648.
ᅜ㝿఍㆟
[1]Discovering Causal Structures in Binary Exclusive-or Skew Acyclic Models, Takanori Inazumi,
Takashi Washio, Shohei Shimizu, Joe Suzuki, Akihiro Yamamoto and Yoshinobu Kawahara: Proc. of
UAI2011: The 27th Conference on Uncertainty in Artificial Intelligence, (2011) 373-382.
[2]Common Substructure Learning of Multiple Graphical Gaussian Models, Satoshi Hara and Takashi
Washio: Proc. ofECML-PKDD2011: European Conference on Machine Learning and Principle and
Practice of Knowledge Discovery in Databases 2011, Lecture Notes in Computer Science: Springer
LNCS, 6912 (2) (2011) 1-16.
[3]Prismatic Algorithm for Discrete D.C. Programming Problem, Yoshinobu Kawahara and Takashi
Washio: Proc. of NIPS2011: Twenty-Fifth Annual Conference on Neural Information Processing Systems,
(2011) 2106-2114.
[4]Density Estimation based on Mass, K. Ming Ting, T. Washio, J. Wells and T. Liu: Proc. of ICDM2011:
The IEEE International Conference on Data Mining 2011, (2011) 715-724.
[5]Size-constrained submodular minimization through minimum norm base, K. Nagano, Y. Kawahara and
K. Aihara: Proceedings of the 28th International Conference on Machine Learning (ICML'11), (2011)
977-984.
[6]A Framework for Shopping Path Research (oral), K. Yada, T. Washio and H. Koga: Workshop on Data
Mining Marketing, SIAM: SIAM Conference on Data Mining (SDM11), USA, April 28-30, 2011.
[7]Application of DNA Sequence Alignment Algorithm to Classification of Shopping Paths through a
Supermarket (oral), K. Ichikawa, E.. Ip, K. Yada and T. Washio: Workshop on Data Mining Marketing,
― 177 ―
SIAM: SIAM Conference on Data Mining (SDM11), USA, April 28-30, 2011.
[8]A New Approach to Bayesian Estimation over the Curse of Dimensionality (invited), T. Washio:
AI-2011 Thirty-first SGAI International Conference on Artificial Intelligence, Workshop on
MachineLearning and Intelligent Autonomous Systems,ENGLAND 13-15 DECEMBER 2011.
[9]Analysis of Residence Time in Shopping using RFID Data -An Application of the Kernel density
estimation to RFID- (oral), S. Miyazaki, T. Washio and K. Yada: Working note of DMS2011: Workshop
on Data Minig For Service:The IEEE International Conference on Data Mining series
(ICDM2011),December 11 to 14, 2011,Canada.
ゎㄝࠊ⥲ㄝ
᝟ሗ⇿Ⓨ᫬௦ࡢ㧗ḟඖࢹ࣮ࢱ࣐࢖ࢽࣥࢢ, 㮖ᑿ 㝯, 㟁Ꮚ᝟ሗ㏻ಙᏛ఍ㄅ, 㟁Ꮚ᝟ሗ㏻ಙᏛ఍,
94[8] (2011), 679-683.
㢖ฟࣃࢱ࣮࣐ࣥ࢖ࢽࣥࢢࡢࢢࣛࣇ⣔ิ࡬ࡢ㐺⏝, ⊦ཱྀ ᫂༤, ேᕤ▱⬟Ꮫ఍ㄅ, ࣮࣒࢜♫, 27[3]
(2012), 120-127.
≉チ
[1]ࠕከḟඖࢹ࣮ࢱྍど໬⿦⨨ࠊ᪉ἲ࠾ࡼࡧࣉࣟࢢ࣒ࣛࠖ᳃Ọ⪽ࠊἙཎྜྷఙࠊఀ⸨㈗அࠊ㒯㞼⌔ࠊ
ᮎᯇࡣࡿ࠿, ≉㢪 2012022112
[2]ࠕุูࣔࢹࣝᏛ⩦⿦⨨ࠊุูࣔࢹࣝᏛ⩦᪉ἲ࠾ࡼࡧุูࣔࢹࣝᏛ⩦ࣉࣟࢢ࣒ࣛࠖ᳃Ọ⪽ࠊ⸨
ᕳ㑈ᖹࠊἙཎྜྷఙ, 61/596,313
[3]ࠕ᭱㐺ࢡ࢚ࣜ⏕ᡂ⿦⨨ࠊ᭱㐺ࢡ࢚ࣜᢳฟ᪉ἲ࠾ࡼࡧุูࣔࢹࣝᏛ⩦᪉ἲࠖ᳃Ọ⪽ࠊ⸨ᕳ㑈ᖹࠊ
Ἑཎྜྷఙ, 61/596,317
ᅜ㝿఍㆟ࡢ⤌⧊ጤဨࠊᅜ㝿㞧ㄅࡢ⦅㞟ጤဨ
㮖ᑿ 㝯
Journal of Data Mining and Knowledge Discovery (⦅㞟ဨ)
㮖ᑿ 㝯
Asian Conference on Machine Learning (ACML) (⌮஦)
㮖ᑿ 㝯
Pacific-Asia Conference on Knowledge Discovery and Data Mining (PAKDD) (⌮஦)
The 16th Pacific-Asia Conference on Knowledge Discovery and Data Mining
㮖ᑿ 㝯
(PAKDD2012) (࣮࣡ࢡࢩࣙࢵࣉጤဨ㛗)
㮖ᑿ 㝯
2011 International Workshop on Learning and data Mining for Robotics (LEMIR
2011), Program Committee Member (ࣉࣟࢢ࣒ࣛጤဨ)
㮖ᑿ 㝯
The 21st International Conference on Inductive Logic Programming (ILP 2011㸧
(ࣉࣟࢢ࣒ࣛጤဨ)
㮖ᑿ 㝯
㹒he 15th Pacific-Asia Conference on Knowledge Discovery and Data Mining
(PAKDD 2011) (ࣉࣟࢢ࣒ࣛጤဨ)
㮖ᑿ 㝯
IEEE International Workshop on Data Mining for Service (DMS2011) (ࣉࣟࢢ࣒ࣛ
ጤဨ)
㮖ᑿ 㝯
Second Workshop on Algorithms for Large-Scale Information Processing in
Knowledge Discovery (ALSIP 2011)) (ࣉࣟࢢ࣒ࣛጤဨ)
㮖ᑿ 㝯
Statistical Analysis and Data Mining (SAM) (ࢤࢫࢺ⦅㞟⪅)
㮖ᑿ 㝯
The 18th ACM SIGKDD Knowledge Discovery and Data Mining ( KDD 2012) (ࣉ
ࣟࢢ࣒ࣛጤဨ)
㮖ᑿ 㝯
The 21st ACM International Conference on Information and Knowledge Management
(CIKM 2012) (ࣉࣟࢢ࣒ࣛጤဨ)
㮖ᑿ 㝯
ICDM 2012 IEEE International Conference on Data Mining (ࣉࣟࢢ࣒ࣛጤဨ)
⊦ཱྀ ᫂༤
The 15th Pacific-Asia Conference on Knowledge Discovery and Data Mining (ࣉࣟ
ࢢ࣒ࣛጤဨ)
⊦ཱྀ ᫂༤
2011 SIAM International Conference on Data Mining (ࣉࣟࢢ࣒ࣛጤဨ)
⊦ཱྀ ᫂༤
IADIS European Conference on Data Mining (ECDM'11) (ࣉࣟࢢ࣒ࣛጤဨ)
― 178 ―
⊦ཱྀ ᫂༤
⊦ཱྀ ᫂༤
⊦ཱྀ ᫂༤
⊦ཱྀ ᫂༤
⊦ཱྀ ᫂༤
⊦ཱྀ ᫂༤
⊦ཱྀ ᫂༤
⊦ཱྀ ᫂༤
⊦ཱྀ ᫂༤
⊦ཱྀ ᫂༤
International Workshop on Data Oriented Constructive Mining and Massively
Multi-Agent System: Simulations, Models, and Tools (ࣉࣟࢢ࣒ࣛጤဨ)
2012 International Conference on Pattern Recognition Applications and Methods (ࣉ
ࣟࢢ࣒ࣛጤဨ)
The First International Conference on Social Eco-Informatics (ࣉࣟࢢ࣒ࣛጤဨ)
International Conference on Social Computing and its Applications (SCA 2011) (ࣉࣟ
ࢢ࣒ࣛጤဨ)
The 3rd Asian Conference on Machine Learning (ࣉࣟࢢ࣒ࣛጤဨ)
The 7th International Conference on Advanced Data Mining and Applications (ࣉࣟ
ࢢ࣒ࣛጤဨ)
The 16th Pacific-Asia Conference on Knowledge Discovery and Data Mining (ࣉࣟ
ࢢ࣒ࣛጤဨ)
The 10th IEEE International Symposium on Parallel and Distributed Processing with
Applications (ࣉࣟࢢ࣒ࣛ๪ጤဨ㛗)
IADIS European Conference on Data Mining (ECDM'12) (ࣉࣟࢢ࣒ࣛጤဨ)
The 8th International Conference on Advanced Data Mining and Applications (ࣉࣟ
ࢢ࣒ࣛጤဨ)
International Journal of Applied Evolutionary Computation (⦅㞟ᰝㄞጤဨ)
⊦ཱྀ ᫂༤
ᅜෆᏛ఍
➨ 3 ᅇࢹ࣮ࢱᕤᏛ࡜᝟ሗ࣐ࢿࢪ࣓ࣥࢺ࡟㛵ࡍࡿࣇ࢛࣮࣒ࣛ㸦DEIM㸧
2011 ᖺᗘ ேᕤ▱⬟Ꮫ఍඲ᅜ኱఍㸦➨ 25 ᅇ㸧
ேᕤ▱⬟Ꮫ఍➨ 93 ᅇ ▱㆑࣮࣋ࢫࢩࢫࢸ࣒◊✲఍ (SIG-KBS)
᝟ሗㄽⓗᏛ⩦⌮ㄽ࡜ᶵᲔᏛ⩦(IBISML2011)
➨㸶㸱ᅇேᕤ▱⬟Ꮫ఍ᇶᮏၥ㢟◊✲఍(SIG-FPAI)
ᖹᡂ㸰㸲ᖺ㟁ẼᏛ఍඲ᅜ኱఍
➨ 23 ᅇ RAMP ࢩ࣏ࣥࢪ࣒࢘
ேᕤ▱⬟Ꮫ఍ ࢹ࣮ࢱᣦྥᵓᡂ࣐࢖ࢽࣥࢢ࡜ࢩ࣑࣮ࣗࣞࢩࣙࣥ◊✲఍
➨ 2 ᅇ Latent Dynamics ࣮࣡ࢡࢩࣙࢵࣉ
⏕యᩘ⌮࣭♫఍ᩘ⌮ࡢ⤫ィ⛉Ꮫ
᝟ሗ⤫ィຊᏛࡢ᭱๓⥺࣮᝟ሗ࡜ᦂࡽࡂࡢไᚚࡢ≀⌮Ꮫࢆ┠ᣦࡋ࡚࣮
ྲྀᚓᏛ఩
Ꮫኈ㸦ᕤᏛ㸧
ࣁ࢖ࣃ࣮ࢢࣛࣇ⣔ิ࠿ࡽࡢ㢖ฟࣃࢱ࣮ࣥิᣲ࡟㛵ࡍࡿ◊✲
ఀ⸨ ඖ㑻
Ꮫኈ㸦ᕤᏛ㸧
஘ᢥ࢔ࣝࢦࣜࢬ࣒ࡢ≉ᚩ㑅ᢥ࡬ࡢᛂ⏝࡟㛵ࡍࡿ◊✲
ᮡᮏ ࿴ṇ
ಟኈ㸦ᕤᏛ㸧
ࣈ࣮ࣝ௦ᩘࣔࢹࣝ࡟ࡼࡿ஧್ࢹ࣮ࢱࡢᅉᯝᵓ㐀᥎ᐃ
✄✚ Ꮥ⣖
ಟኈ㸦ᕤᏛ㸧
ຎࣔࢪࣗࣛ᭱㐺໬࡟ᇶ࡙࠸ࡓࢢࣛࣇ⣔ิࡢࢡࣛࢫࢱࣜࣥࢢ
ᓊᮏ ༟ஓ
ಟኈ㸦ᕤᏛ㸧
᮲௳௜ࡁศᏊᵓ㐀ኚ໬ࢩ࣑࣮ࣗࣞࢩࣙࣥࡢᇶ♏ᡭἲ࡟㛵ࡍࡿ◊✲
ᯇ⏣ ⾗἞
ಟኈ㸦ᕤᏛ㸧
ṇ๎໬Ꮫ⩦ࡢ࣐࣮ࢣࢵࢺၥ㢟࡬ࡢ㐺⏝࡟㛵ࡍࡿ◊✲
ี ወ᫈
ಟኈ㸦ᕤᏛ㸧
ࡣࡎࢀ್࡟㡹೺࡞⥺ᙧ㠀࢞࢘ࢫ㠀ᕠᅇࣔࢹࣝ᥎ᐃἲࡢ◊✲
ᮤ ⣚ᖹ
⛉Ꮫ◊✲㈝⿵ຓ㔠
ᇶ┙◊✲㸦B㸧
㮖ᑿ 㝯
ⱝᡭ◊✲㸦A㸧
⊦ཱྀ ᫂༤
ⱝᡭ◊✲㸦B㸧
ΎỈ ᫀᖹ
ⱝᡭ◊✲㸦B㸧
㉸㧗ḟඖࢹ࣮ࢱ࡟㛵ࡍࡿ⤫ィⓗ᥎ᐃཎ⌮☜❧࡜኱つᶍࢹ࣮
ࢱ࣐࢖ࢽࣥࢢ࡬ࡢ㐺⏝
⾲ᵓ㐀ࡢ␗࡞ࡿ」ᩘࡢ᫬༊㛫ᒚṔࢹ࣮ࢱ࠿ࡽࡢ᫬⣔ิศᯒ
ከḟඖࢹ࣮ࢱ࣮࣋ࢫࡢᵓ⠏ᡭἲ
ಙ㢗ᛶࢆ㔜どࡋࡓ኱つᶍኚᩘḟඖᑠᶆᮏᅉᯝࢿࢵࢺ࣮࣡ࢡ
᥎ᐃἲࡢ㛤Ⓨ
㞳ᩓᵓ㐀ࢆ฼⏝ࡋࡓ㉸㧗ḟඖࢹ࣮ࢱゎᯒἲ࡜ࡑࡢᛂ⏝
― 179 ―
1௳
7௳
1௳
6௳
1௳
1௳
1௳
1௳
1௳
1௳
1௳
༢఩㸸༓෇
6,500
5,720
1,040
910
Ἑཎ ྜྷఙ
ཷク◊✲
㮖ᑿ 㝯
⊦ཱྀ ᫂༤
Ἑཎ ྜྷఙ
H23 ᖺᗘᚠ⎔ჾ⑓◊✲㛤
Ⓨ㈝
ᡓ␎ⓗ๰㐀◊✲᥎㐍஦
ᴗ ࡉࡁࡀࡅ
ᡓ␎ⓗ๰㐀◊✲᥎㐍஦
ᴗ ࡉࡁࡀࡅ
ዡᏛᐤ㝃㔠
㮖ᑿ 㝯
㮖ᑿ 㝯
ඹྠ◊✲
㮖ᑿ 㝯
㸦⊂㸧⛉Ꮫᢏ⾡᣺⯆ᶵᵓ
㮖ᑿ 㝯
᪥ᮏ㟁ಙ㟁ヰओ
Ἑཎ ྜྷఙ
᪥ᮏ㟁Ẽओ
㧗ᗘ᥎ィ⌮ㄽࡢᐇ㊶
኱つᶍࢢࣛࣇ⣔ิ࠿ࡽࡢ▱㆑య
⣔໬࡜⌮ゎᨭ᥼ᡭἲࡢ㛤Ⓨ
⤌ྜࡏㄽⓗィ⟬࡟ᇶ࡙ࡃ㉸㧗ḟ
ඖࢹ࣮ࢱ࠿ࡽࡢ▱㆑Ⓨぢ
ᰴᘧ఍♫ᐩኈ㏻◊✲ᡤ
࢔ࢪ࢔Ᏹᐂ⯟✵◊✲㛤Ⓨ஦ົᡤ 㸦⡿㌷⛉Ꮫᢏ⾡ᒁ㸧
⤫ィ࣭ࢹ࣮ࢱ࣐࢖ࢽࣥࢢศ㔝࡟
࠾ࡅࡿ㞳ᩓᵓ㐀ฎ⌮ᛂ⏝ྍ⬟ᛶ
ࡢホ౯᳨࣭ド
኱つᶍࢿࢵࢺ࣮࣡ࢡ࡟࠾ࡅࡿᅉ
ᯝ㛵ಀ᥎ᐃࡢ◊✲
‽⮬ື࣐࢖ࢽࣥࢢࣉࣟࢭࢫ᭱㐺
໬ࡢࡓࡵ⬟ືᏛ⩦ᢏ⾡
500
8,515
17,550
1,000
11,147
1,080
2,970
1,575
▱㆑ࢩࢫࢸ࣒◊✲ศ㔝
ཎⴭㄽᩥ
[1]࢜ࣥࢺࣟࢪ࣮ᕤᏛ࡟ᇶ࡙ࡃᢏ⾡▱㆑⤫ྜ⟶⌮ࢩࢫࢸ࣒ࡢⓎᒎ࡜ࣅࢪࢿࢫᒎ㛤, 㧗⸨ ῟, ౗ᮧ
ᚨಙ, ⁁ཱྀ ⌮୍㑻: ேᕤ▱⬟Ꮫ఍ㄽᩥㄅ, 26 (5) (2011) 547-558.
[2]࢜ࣥࢺࣟࢪ࣮ᕤᏛ࡟ᇶ࡙ࡃࢧ࣮ࣅࢫࡢᮏ㉁ⓗᛶ㉁ࡢ⪃ᐹ, ఫ⏣ ගᖹ, ౗ᮧ ᚨಙ, ➲ᔱ ᐀ᙪ,
㧗⸨ ῟, ⁁ཱྀ ⌮୍㑻: ேᕤ▱⬟Ꮫ఍ㄽᩥㄅ, 27 (3) (2012) 176-192.
ᅜ㝿఍㆟
[1]Are Services Functions ?, K. Sumita, Y. Kitamura, M. Sasajima, R. Mizoguchi: Proc. of Third
International Conference on Exploring Services Science (IESS 2012), (2012) 58-72.
[2]Dynamic Is-a Hierarchy Generation System Based on User's Viewpoint, K. Kozaki, K. Hihara, and R.
Mizoguchi: Proc. of Joint International Semantic Technology Conference (JIST2011), (2011) 96-111.
[3]Dynamic is-a Hierarchy Generation for User Centric Semantic Web, K. Kozaki, K. Hihara, and R.
Mizoguchi: Proc. of International Workshop on Ontologies come of Age in the Semantic Web (OCAS),
(2011) (USB-Key).
[4]Technical Artifact: An Integrated Perspectives, S. Borgo, M. Franssen, P. Garbacz, Y. Kitamura, R.
Mizoguchi, and P. E. Vermaas: Proc. of the Fifth International Workshop on Formal Ontologies Meet
Industry (FOMI 2011), (2011) 3-15.
[5]An Ontology of Classification Criteria for Functional Taxonomies, Y. Kitamura, S. Segawa, M.
Sasajima, R. Mizoguchi: Proc. of ASME 2011 International Design Engineering Technical Conferences
and Computers and Information in Engineering Conference (ASME IDETC/CIE 2011), (2011)
(CD-ROM).
[6]FOREST: An Ontological Modeling Framework for Product-Related Processes, Y. Kitamura, Y. Koji,
R. Mizoguchi: Proc. of the 7th International Conf. of Engineering Design in Integrated Product
Development (EDIProD 2011), (2011) 39-49.
[7]River Flow Model of Diseases, R. Mizoguchi, K. Kozakil, H. Kou, Y. Yamagata, T. Imai, K. Waki, K.
Ohe: Proc. of 2nd International Conference on Biomedical Ontology (ICBO2011), (2011) 63-70.
― 180 ―
[8]An Advanced Strategy for Integration of Biological Measurement Data, H. Masuya, G. V Gkoutos, N.
Tanaka, K. Waki, Y. Okuda, T. Kushida, N. Kobayashi, K. Doi, K. Kozaki, R. Hoehndorf, S. Wakana, T.
Toyoda, R. Mizoguch: Proc. of 2nd International Conference on Biomedical Ontology (ICBO2011),
(2011) 79-86.
[9]Understanding an Ontology through Divergent Exploration, K. Kozaki, T. Hirota, and R. Mizoguchi:
Proc. of 8th Extended Semantic Web Conference (ESWC2011), (2011) 305-320.
[10]An Ontological Model to Blend Didactic Instruction and Collaborative Learning, Y. Hayashi, S.
Isotani, J. Bourdeau and R. Mizoguchi: Proc. of 17th CRIWG Conference on Collaboration and
Technology, (2011) 1-13.
[11]A Taxonomy of Roles, R. Mizoguchi, K. Kozai, Y. Kitamura: Proc. of the Fifth Interdisciplinary
Ontology Meeting, (2012) 117-122.
[12]Towards Perspectives for Capturing Functions (oral), Y. Kitamura and R. Mizoguchi: Fifth
Interdisciplinary Ontology Meeting, Tokyo, Japan, February 23-24, 2012.
[13]The Ontological Representation of Genetics (oral), H. Masuya and R. Mizoguchi: Fifth
Interdisciplinary Ontology Meeting, Tokyo, Japan, February 23-24, 2012.
[14]A Consideration on Identity of Diseases (oral), K. Kozaki, R. Mizoguchi, T. Imai and K. Ohe: Fifth
Interdisciplinary Ontology Meeting, Tokyo, Japan, February 23-24, 2012.
[15]Semantic Mechanisms in Clinical Omics DB (oral), J. Nakaya, M. Kimura, R. Mizoguchi, K. Kozaki
and H. Tanaka: Fifth Interdisciplinary Ontology Meeting, Tokyo, Japan, February 23-24, 2012.
[16]Engineering Function - From Theory to Deployment - (invited), R. Mizoguchi: 5th Workshop on
Formal Ontologies Meet Industry (FOMI 2011), Delft, The Netherlands, July 7-8, 2011.
[17]What Computer Can Do When It Knows Learning/Instructional Theories (invited), R. Mizoguchi:
Third International Conference on Software, Seervices & Semantic Technologies, Bourgas, Bulgaria,
September 1-3, 2011.
[18]Bridging the gap between theory and practice (invited), R. Mizoguchi: Workshop on Policy, Practice,
and research in Technology Transformed Learning (PPRITTL 2011), Jakarta, Indonesia, September 30
and October 1, 2011.
[19]A Common Model of Didactic and Collaborative Learning for Theory-aware Authoring Support
(poster), Y. Hayashi, S. Isotani, J. Bourdeau and R. Mizoguchi: 15th International Conference on
Artificial Intelligence in Education (AIED2011), Auckland, New Zealand, June 28th - July 2, 2011.
[20]A Practical Study on Modeling Lesson Plans with an Ontological Engineering Approach (oral), Y.
Hayashi, T. Kasai and R. Mizoguchi: 19th International Conference on Computers in Education
(ICCE2011), Chiang Mai, Thailand, Nov. 28 - Dec. 2, 2011.
ⴭ᭩
[1]ࣂ࢖࣑࣓࢜ࢸ࢕ࢵࢡ࣭ࢹ࣮ࢱ࣮࣋ࢫ࡜࢜ࣥࢺࣟࢪ࣮ (ࣂ࢖࣑࣓࢜ࢸ࢕ࢡࢫ◊✲఍)“ḟୡ௦ࣂ࢖
࣑࣓࢜ࢸ࢕ࢡࢫ◊✲ࡢ᭱๓⥺-⏕≀ከᵝᛶ࡟Ꮫࡪ-”, ྂᓮ᫭ྖࠊ⁁ཱྀ⌮୍㑻, ࢩ࣮࢚࣒ࢩ࣮ฟ∧,
(334-339) 2011.
[2]Structuring of Knowledge Based on Ontology Engineering (Hiroshi Komiyama, Kazuhiko Takeuchi,
Hideaki Shiroyama and Takashi Mino)“Sustainability Science: A Multidisciplinary Approach”, R.
― 181 ―
Mizoguchi, K. Kozaki, O. Saito, T. Kumazawa and T. Matsui, United Nations University Press, (47-68)
2011.
[3]Application of Ontology Engineering to Biofuel Problems (Hiroshi Komiyama, Kazuhiko Takeuchi,
Hideaki Shiroyama and Takashi Mino)“Sustainability Science: A Multidisciplinary Approach”, O. Saito,
K. Kozaki, T. Hirota, R. Mizoguchi, United Nations University Press, (69-86) 2011.
[4]Structuring Knowledge on a Resource-Circulating Society (Tohru Morioka, Keisuke Hanaki and
Yuichi Moriguchi)“Establishing a Resource-Circulating Society in Asia: Challenges and Opportunities”, T.
Kumazawa, T. Matsui and R. Mizoguchi, United Nations University Press, (37-51) 2011.
[5]࢜ࣥࢺࣟࢪ࣮ᕤᏛ࡟ࡼࡿࢧࢫࢸ࢖ࢼࣅࣜࢸ࢕▱㆑ᵓ㐀໬ (ཎᆂྐ㑻ࠊᱵ⏣㟹)“ࢧࢫࢸ࢖ࢼࣅࣜ
ࢸ࢕࣭ࢧ࢖࢚ࣥࢫࢆᣅࡃ”, ⇃⃝㍤୍ࠊྂᓮ᫭ྖࠊ⁁ཱྀ⌮୍㑻, ኱㜰኱Ꮫฟ∧఍, (186-209) 2011.
≉チ
[1]ࠕ㌴ෆ᝟ሗᥦ౪⿦⨨࠾ࡼࡧ᪉ἲࠖ⁁ཱྀ⌮୍㑻ࠊ➲ᔱ᐀ᙪࠊᒸᮏᆂ௓ࠊᮡᮏᾈఙࠊ➉ෆᙲḟ㑻, ≉
㢪 2011-262618
ᅜ㝿఍㆟ࡢ⤌⧊ጤဨࠊᅜ㝿㞧ㄅࡢ⦅㞟ጤဨ
⁁ཱྀ ⌮୍㑻
International Artificial Intelligence in Education Society (⌮஦)
⁁ཱྀ ⌮୍㑻
Asia-Pacific Society for Computers in Education(APSCE) (⌮஦)
⁁ཱྀ ⌮୍㑻
Steering committee of Joint International Semantic Technology Conferences (JIST)
(⌮஦)
⁁ཱྀ ⌮୍㑻
International Association for Ontology Applications (IAOA) (⌮஦)
⁁ཱྀ ⌮୍㑻
IEEE Transactions on Learning Technologies (๪⦅㞟ጤဨ㛗)
⁁ཱྀ ⌮୍㑻
ACM Transactions on Interactive Intelligent Systems (๪⦅㞟ጤဨ㛗)
⁁ཱྀ ⌮୍㑻
International Journal of Applied Ontology (⦅㞟ጤဨ)
⁁ཱྀ ⌮୍㑻
Research and Practice in Technology Enhanced Learning (⦅㞟ጤဨ)
⁁ཱྀ ⌮୍㑻
International Journal of Artificial Intelligence in Education (⦅㞟ጤဨ)
⁁ཱྀ ⌮୍㑻
Frontiers in AI and Application (⦅㞟ጤဨ)
⁁ཱྀ ⌮୍㑻
International Journal of Web Engineering and Technology (⦅㞟ጤဨ)
⁁ཱྀ ⌮୍㑻
Journal of Educational Technology & Society (⦅㞟ጤဨ)
⁁ཱྀ ⌮୍㑻
Asian Semantic Web Conference (㐠Ⴀጤဨ㛗)
⁁ཱྀ ⌮୍㑻
Joint International Semantic Technology Conference (఍㆟㆟㛗)
⁁ཱྀ ⌮୍㑻
The 19th International Conference on Computers in Education (ICCE2011) Conf. on
AIED/ITS & Adaptive Learning (࣏ࢫࢱ࣮㐠Ⴀጤဨ㛗)
⁁ཱྀ ⌮୍㑻
The 19th International Conference on Computers in Education (ICCE2010) Conf. on
AIED/ITS & Adaptive Learning (ࣉࣟࢢ࣒ࣛጤဨ)
⁁ཱྀ ⌮୍㑻
Fifteenth International Conference on Artificial Intelligence in Education: AIED
2011 (ୖ⣭ࣉࣟࢢ࣒ࣛጤဨ)
⁁ཱྀ ⌮୍㑻
6th European Conference on Technology Enhanced Learning: Towards Ubiquitous
Learning (ࣉࣟࢢ࣒ࣛጤဨ㛗)
⁁ཱྀ ⌮୍㑻
International Conference on Industrial, Engineering & Other Applications of Applied
Intelligent Systems:IEA-AIE 2011 (ࣉࣟࢢ࣒ࣛጤဨ)
⁁ཱྀ ⌮୍㑻
International Conference on Knowledge Engineering and Ontology Development:
KEOD 2011 (ࣉࣟࢢ࣒ࣛጤဨ)
⁁ཱྀ ⌮୍㑻
6th International Workshop on Metamodels, Ontologies and Semantic Technologies:
ONTOBRAS-MOST 2011 (ࣉࣟࢢ࣒ࣛጤဨ)
⁁ཱྀ ⌮୍㑻
8th Extended Semantic Web Conference (ࣉࣟࢢ࣒ࣛጤဨ)
⁁ཱྀ ⌮୍㑻
6th International Conference on Knowledge Capture: KCAP 2011 (ࣉࣟࢢ࣒ࣛጤဨ)
1st OCAS workshop: Ontologies come of Age in the Semantic Web:OCAS 2011 (ࣉ
⁁ཱྀ ⌮୍㑻
ࣟࢢ࣒ࣛጤဨ)
⁁ཱྀ ⌮୍㑻
SHAPES 1.0. The Shape of Things: SHAPE 2011 (ࣉࣟࢢ࣒ࣛጤဨ)
⁁ཱྀ ⌮୍㑻
Third International Conference on Software, Services & Semantic Technologies: S3T
― 182 ―
౗ᮧ ᚨಙ
౗ᮧ ᚨಙ
౗ᮧ ᚨಙ
ྂᓮ ᫭ྖ
➲ᔱ ᐀ᙪ
➲ᔱ ᐀ᙪ
➲ᔱ ᐀ᙪ
2011 (ࣉࣟࢢ࣒ࣛጤဨ)
ASME Journal of Computing and Information Science in Engineering (๪⦅㞟ጤဨ
㛗)
International Journal of Advanced Engineering Informatics (⦅㞟ጤဨ)
The 1st Joint International Semantic Technology Conference (JIST2011) (ࣉࣟࢢࣛ
࣒ጤဨ)
The 10th International Semantic Web Conference (ࣉࣟࢢ࣒ࣛጤဨ)
The 5th International Conference on Autonomic and Autonomous Systems(ICAS
2011) (ࣉࣟࢢ࣒ࣛጤဨ)
International conference on Internet and Multimedia Systems and Applications
(IMSA 2011) (ࣉࣟࢢ࣒ࣛጤဨ)
The 2nd Workshop on Social Networks and Social Media Mining on the Web
(SNSMW2012) (ࣉࣟࢢ࣒ࣛጤဨ)
Journal of Information Processing (ࢢ࣮ࣝࣉ୺ᰝ)
➲ᔱ ᐀ᙪ
ᅜෆᏛ఍
ேᕤ▱⬟Ꮫ఍
12 ௳
1௳
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2௳
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2௳
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2௳
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1௳
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3௳
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1௳
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ಟኈ㸦ᕤᏛ㸧
どⅬ࡟ᛂࡌࡓ is-a 㝵ᒙࡢືⓗ⏕ᡂࢩࢫࢸ࣒ࡢ㛤Ⓨ
᪥ཎ ᆂభ
ಟኈ㸦ᕤᏛ㸧
࢜ࣥࢺࣟࢪ࣮ᕤᏛ࡟ᇶ࡙ࡃ┳ㆤ࢞࢖ࢻࣛ࢖ࣥࡢグ㏙࡜ࡑࡢᐇ㊶࡟㛵ࡍࡿ◊✲
すᮧ ᝅྐ
Ꮫኈ㸦ᕤᏛ㸧
Is-a 㝵ᒙࡢ┦ఝᛶ࡟ᇶ࡙ࡃ࢜ࣥࢺࣟࢪ࣮Ὑ⦎᪉ἲࡢᥦ᱌
ቑ⏣ ኊᚿ
⛉Ꮫ◊✲㈝⿵ຓ㔠
༢఩㸸༓෇
ᇶ┙◊✲㸦㸿㸧 ࢜ࣥࢺࣟࢪ࣮ᕤᏛ࡟ᇶ࡙ࡃḟୡ௦▱㆑ࢩࢫࢸ࣒ᵓ⠏᪉ἲㄽ
9,620
⁁ཱྀ ⌮୍㑻
ࡢ㛤Ⓨ
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Ꮫ㝿ⓗ࢔ࣉ࣮ࣟࢳ࡟ᇶ࡙ࡃཧ↷ᶵ⬟࢜ࣥࢺࣟࢪ࣮ࡢᵓ⠏࡜
4,030
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▱㆑┦஫㐠⏝ࢶ࣮ࣝࡢ㛤Ⓨ
ⱝᡭ◊✲㸦A㸧
࢜ࣥࢺࣟࢪ࣮ᕤᏛ࡟ᇶ࡙ࡃ▱㆑ࡢከḟඖⓗᵓ㐀໬࢔ࣉࣜࢣ
2,990
ྂᓮ ᫭ྖ
࣮ࢩࣙࣥ㛤Ⓨࣉࣛࢵࢺࣇ࢛࣮࣒
ᇶ┙◊✲㸦B㸧
࣐࢘ࢫ࣭ࣛࢵࢺ⾲⌧ᆺࡢ᝟ሗ⤫ྜࡢࡓࡵࡢᇶ┙ᢏ⾡ࡢ☜❧
520
⁁ཱྀ ⌮୍㑻
ཷク◊✲
⁁ཱྀ ⌮୍㑻
ᮾி኱Ꮫ
་⒪᝟ሗࢩࢫࢸ࣒ࡢࡓࡵࡢ་⒪
15,015
▱㆑ᇶ┙ࢹ࣮ࢱ࣮࣋ࢫ◊✲㛤
Ⓨ㸹ព࿡㛵ಀࣔࢹࣝタィ㛤Ⓨ
ᮾி኱Ꮫ
࢜ࣥࢺࣟࢪ࣮ά⏝࡟ࡼࡿ▱㆑ฎ
9,000
⁁ཱྀ ⌮୍㑻
⌮ᶵᵓࡢ◊✲㛤Ⓨ
ዡᏛᐤ㝃㔠
౗ᮧ ᚨಙ
ࢽ࢖࢞ࢱᶵ㟁ᰴᘧ఍♫
120
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450
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120
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▱⬟࢔࣮࢟ࢸࢡࢳࣕ◊✲ศ㔝
ཎⴭㄽᩥ
[1]PC ࡟࠾ࡅࡿ࣮ࣘࢨ᧯సࢆྍど໬ࡍࡿࢱࢫࢡ᝿㉳ᨭ᥼ᡭἲࡢᥦ᱌, ᯇᮏ ගᘯ, ᒸ㔝 ┿୍, ᳃
― 183 ―
⏣ ဴ㑻, ἟ᑿ ṇ⾜, ᰩཎ ⪽: ᝟ሗฎ⌮Ꮫ఍ㄽᩥㄅᩘ⌮ࣔࢹࣝ໬࡜ᛂ⏝㸦TOM㸧, 4 (3) (2011)
35-48.
[2]Visualization of Damage Progress in Solid Oxide Fuel Cells, K. Fukui, S. Akasaki, K. Satou, J.
Mizusaki, K. Moriyama, S. Kurihara, and M. Numao: Journal of Environment and Engineering, 6 (3)
(2011) 499-511.
[3]Predicting Student Emotions Resulting from Appraisal of ITS Feedback, P. S. Inventado, R. Legaspi,
M. Suarez, and M. Numao: Research and Practice in Technology Enhanced Learning, 6 (2) (2011)
107-133.
ᅜ㝿఍㆟
[1]Evolving Subjective Utilities: Prisoner's Dilemma Game Examples, K. Moriyama, S. Kurihara, and M.
Numao: Proc. 10th International Conference on Autonomous Agents and Multiagent
Systems(AAMAS2011), (2011) 233-240.
[2]Mining Frequent Sequences with Flexible Time Intervals, K. Maruo, D. Sodkomkham, K. Fukui, K.
Moriyama, S. Kurihara, and M. Numao: , (2011) 14-19.
[3]Topographic Measure Based on External Criteria for Self-Organizing Map, K. Fukui and M. Numao:
Lecture Notes in Computer Science, 6731 (2011) 131-140.
[4]Investigating the Transitions between Learning and Non-learning Activities as Students Learn Online,
P. S. Inventado, R. Legaspi, M. Suarez, and M. Numao: Proc. the 4th International Conference on
Educational Data Mining, (2011) 367-368.
[5]Clustering Multiple and Flexible Time Intervals in Sequential Patterns Towards Predictive Modeling of
Human Gait Behavior, R. Legaspi, D. Sodkomkham, K. Maruo, K. Fukui, K. Moriyama, S. Kurihara, and
M. Numao: Proc. International Workshop on Finding Patterns of Human Behaviors in Network and
Mobility Data (NEMO), (2011) 40-51.
[6]Time-Interval Clustering in Sequential Pattern Recognition Towards Predictive Modeling of Human
Characteristics, R. Legaspi, D. Sodkomkham, K. Maruo, K. Fukui, K. Moriyama, S. Kurihara, and M.
Numao: Proc. Workshop on Computation: Theory and Practice (WCTP-2011), (2011) 174-186.
[7]Finding Motifs in Psychophysiological Responses and Chord Sequences, R. Cabredo, R. Legaspi, and
M. Numao: Proc. Workshop on Computation: Theory and Practice (WCTP-2011), (2011) 80-91.
[8]Categorizing and Comparing Behaviors of Students Engaged in Self-initiated Learning Online, P. S.
Inventado, R. Legaspi, M. Suarez, and M. Numao: Proc. Workshop on Computation: Theory and Practice
(WCTP-2011), (2011) 134-145.
[9]Method for Representing User's Context on a PC, M. Matsumoto, S. Okano, T. Morita, M. Numao, and
S. Kurihara: Proc. Workshop on Computation: Theory and Practice (WCTP-2011), (2011) 187-197.
[10]Predicting Levels of Rapport in Dyadic Interactions Through Automatic Detection of Posture and
Posture Congruence, J. L. Hagad, R. Legaspi, M. Suarez, and M. Numao: Proc. The Third IEEE
International Conference on Social Computing, (2011) 261-265.
[11]Observatory: A Tool for Recording, Annotating and Reviewing Emotion-Related Data, P. S.
Inventado, R. Legaspi, M. Suarez, and M. Numao: Proc. 2nd International Workshop on Empathic
Computing (IWEC-11), (2011) 261-265.
[12]Exploring melodic motif to support affect perception-based music compositional intelligence, R.
― 184 ―
Legaspi, A. Ueda, T. Nishikawa, K. Fukui, K. Moriyama, S. Kurihara, and M. Numao: Proc. 2nd
International Workshop on Empathic Computing (IWEC-11), (2011) 219-225.
[13]Identifying Emotion Segments in Music by Discovering Motifs in Physiological Data, R. Cabredo, R.
Legaspi, and M. Numao: Proc. 12th International Society for Music Information Retrieval Conference
(ISMIR), (2011) 24-28.
[14]Investigating Transitions in Affect and Activities for Online Learning Interventions, P. S. Inventado,
R. Legaspi, M. Suarez, and M. Numao: Proc. the 19th International Conference on Computers in
Education (ICCE2011), (2011) 571-578.
[15]Owens Luis - A Proposal of a Smart Office Chair in an Ambient Environment, K. Kiyokawa, M.
Hatanaka, K. Hosoda, H. Shigeta, Y. Ishihara, F. Ooshita, H. Kakugawa, S. Kurihara, and K. Moriyama:
Proc. 21st International Conference on Artificial Reality and Telexistence, (2011) .
[16]Adaptive interactive device control by using reinforcement learning in ambient information
environment, J. Nakase, K. Moriyama, K. Kiyokawa, M. Numao, M. Oyama, and S. Kurihara: Proc. The
1st International Workshop on Ambient Information Technologies (AMBIT 2012), (2012) 24-27.
[17]Implementation of a Smart Office System in an Ambient Environment, H. Shigeta, J. Nakase, Y.
Tsunematsu, K. Kiyokawa, M. Hatanaka, K. Hosoda, M. Okada, Y. Ishihara, F. Ooshita, H. Kakugawa, S.
Kurihara, and K. Moriyama: Proc. The 1st International Workshop on Ambient Information Technologies
(AMBIT 2012), (2012) 28-29.
[18]Owens Luis - A Context-aware Multi-modal Smart Office Chair in an Ambient Environment, K.
Kiyokawa, M. Hatanaka, K. Hosoda, M. Okada, H. Shigeta, Y. Ishihara, F. Ooshita, H. Kakugawa, S.
Kurihara, and K. Moriyama: Proc. The 1st International Workshop on Ambient Information Technologies
(AMBIT 2012), (2012) 6-9.
[19]Extracting Time Series Motifs for Emotion and Behavior Modeling (oral), M. Numao, R. Cabredo, D.
Sodkomkham, K. Maruo, R. Legaspi, K. Fukui, K. Moriyama, and S. Kurihara: The 15th SANKEN
International Symposium, Osaka, Japan, Jan. 12-13, 2012.
[20]Human Information Mining as Netizen (invited), S. Kurihara: IEEE International Workshop on Data
Mining for Service (DMS2011), Vancouver, Canada, Dec. 11, 2011.
ゎㄝࠊ⥲ㄝ
࣮࢚࢜ࣥࢫ࣭ࣝ࢖ࢫ㸸࢔ࣥࣅ࢚ࣥࢺ⎔ቃไᚚࢆ⏝࠸ࡓ▱ⓗ࢜ࣇ࢕ࢫࢳ࢙࢔ࡢᥦ᱌, ΎᕝΎࠊ␊୰
⌮ⱥࠊ ⣽⏣୍ྐࠊᒸ⏣㞞ྖࠊ⦾⏣ᾈຌࠊ▼ཎ㟹ဴࠊ኱ୗ⚟ோࠊゅᕝ⿱ḟࠊᰩཎ⪽ࠊ᳃ᒣ ⏥୍, ࢩ
ࢫࢸ࣒/ไᚚ/᝟ሗ, ࢩࢫࢸ࣒ไᚚ᝟ሗᏛ఍, 56[1] (2012), 14-20.
ࢭࣥࢧ᝟ሗ࠿ࡽࡢ⣔ิࣃࢱ࣮࣐ࣥ࢖ࢽࣥࢢ, ᰩཎ⪽ࠊ⚟⏣೺௓ࠊⳢཎಇ἞, ேᕤ▱⬟Ꮫ఍ㄅ, ே
ᕤ▱⬟Ꮫ఍, 27[2] (2012), 112-119.
ⴭ᭩
[1]Extraction of Essential Events with Application to Damage Evaluation on Fuel Cells (H. Ioannis and P.
Dimitrios)“Smart Innovation, Systems and Technologies”, T. Kitagawa, K. Fukui, K. Sato, J. Mizusaki,
and M. Numao, Springer, 8 (89-108) 2011.
⛉Ꮫ◊✲㈝⿵ຓ㔠
ᇶ┙◊✲㸦B㸧
἟ᑿ ṇ⾜
ᇶ┙◊✲㸦B㸧
༢఩㸸༓෇
6,500
ඹឤィ⟬ᶵᵓࡢᵓ⠏
࣐ࣝࢳ࢚࣮ࢪ࢙ࣥࢺࣉࣛࣥࢽࣥࢢ࡟࠾ࡅࡿ⎔ቃ㐺ᛂᆺືⓗ
― 185 ―
3,640
ᰩཎ ⪽
㐃ᦠᙧែኚ᭦ᶵᵓࡢ๰ฟ
ᣮᡓⓗⴌⱆ◊✲ ኱つᶍ」㞧ࢩࢫࢸ࣒ࡢࡓࡵࡢ㝵ᒙᵓ㐀๰Ⓨ࣓࢝ࢽࢬ࣒ࡢᵓ
ᰩཎ ⪽
⠏
ⱝᡭ◊✲㸦B㸧
ከゅⓗࢹ࣮ࢱ࣐࢖ࢽࣥࢢ࡟ࡼࡿᅛయᆺ㟁ụࡢᶵᲔ≉ᛶホ౯
⚟஭ ೺୍
࡟㛵ࡍࡿ◊✲
ཷク◊✲
ᰩཎ ⪽
㹈㹑㹒ᡓ␎ⓗ๰㐀◊✲᥎ እ㒊ࢹ࣮ࢱ࣮࣋ࢫ㐃ᦠᶵᵓࡢᐇ
㐍஦ᴗ CREST
⿦࠾ࡼࡧ㞟⣙࢔ࣝࢦࣜࢬ࣒ࡢ㛤
㸦H21-H23㸧
Ⓨ
ዡᏛᐤ㝃㔠
἟ᑿ ṇ⾜
ࢲ࢖࢟ࣥᕤᴗᰴᘧ఍♫
ඹྠ◊✲
ᰩཎ ⪽
ओࢿࢡࢫࢺ
Web ࢧ࢖ࢺ࡟࠾ࡅࡿ࣮ࣘࢨ⾜ື
ศᯒ
2,340
780
1,300
400
200
㔞Ꮚ᝟ሗࣇ࢛ࢺࢽࢡࢫ◊✲ศ㔝(㜰኱⏘◊࣭໭኱㟁Ꮚ◊࢔ࣛ࢖࢔ࣥࢫࣛ࣎)
ཎⴭㄽᩥ
[1]Optical transmittance degradation in tapered fibers, M. Fujiwara, K. Toubaru and S. Takeuchi:
Opt.Exp., 19 (9) (2011) 8596㸫8601.
[2]Detection of superposition in the orbital angular momentum of photons without excess components
and its application in the verification of non-classical correlation, Y. Miyamoto, D. Kawase, M. Takeda, K.
Sasaki and S. Takeuchi: J.Opt., 13 (6) (2011) 64027.
[3]Realization of a Knill-Laflamme-Milburn controlled-NOT photonic quantum circuit combining
effective optical nonlinearities, R. Okamoto, J.L. O'Brien, H.F. Hofmann and S. Takeuchi: Proc. Natl.
Acad. Sci, 108 (25) (2011) 10067㸫10071.
[4]Development of microfabricated TiO channel waveguides, M. Furuhashi, M. Fujiwara, T. Ohshiro,
M. Tsutsui, K. Matsubara, M. Taniguchi, S. Takeuchi and T. Kawai: J, 1 (3) (2011) 32102.
[5]Highly Efficient Coupling of Photons from Nanoemitters into Single-Mode Optical Fibers, M.
Fujiwara, K. Toubaru, T. Noda, H.Q .Zhao and S. Takeuchi: Nano Lett., 11 (10) (2011) 4362㸫4365.
ᅜ㝿఍㆟
[1]Optical Quantum Circuit Combining Tailored Optical Nonlinearities (poster), S. Takeuchi, R. Okamoto,
M. Fujiwara, H.Q. Zhao, H.F. Hofmann and J.L. O'Brien: CLEO Europe-EQEC2011, Munich, Germany,
May 22-26, 2011.
[2]Collinear Ultra-broadband Parametric Fluorescence Generated from 10㸣-chirped Quasi Phase
Matched Device (poster), A. Tanaka, R. Okamoto, H.H. Lim, S. Subashchandran, M. Okano, S. Kurimura
and S. Takeuchi: CLEO Europe-EQEC2011, Munich, Germany, May 22-26, 2011.
[3]Broadband spontaneous parametric fluorescence toward high-resolution quantum optical coherence
tomography (poster), M. Okano, R. Okamoto, A. Tanaka, S. Subashchandran, S. Ishida, N. Nishizawa and
S. Takeuchi: International Conference on Quantum Information (ICQI), Ottawa, Canada, June 6-8, 2011.
[4]Solid-state photonic quantum phase gates by using fiber-microsphere cavity and diamond NV centers
(oral), M. Fujiwara, H.Q. Zhao, A. Tanaka, H. Takashima, K. Toubaru, T. Noda and S. Takeuchi: 20th
International Laser Physics Workshop, Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina, July 11-15, 2011.
[5]Photonic quantum circuits and their application (invited), S. Takeuchi, R. Okamoto, M. Fujiwara, H.Q.
Zhao, H.F. Hofmann and J.L. O'Brien: Conference on Quantum Information & Quantum Control, Toronto,
Canada, August 8-12, 2011.
― 186 ―
[6]Toward single photon optical nonlinearities for quantum information and quantum metrology (invited),
S. Takeuchi, R. Okamoto, M. Fujiwara, H. Takashima, M. Okano, S. Subashchandran, A. Tanaka and K.
Toubaru: SPIE Optics 㸩 photonics 2011, San Diego, USA, August 21-25, 2011.
[7]Generation of broadband spontaneous parametric fluorescence and its application to quantum optical
coherence tomography (poster), M. Okano, R. Okamoto, A. Tanaka, S. Subashchandran, S. Ishida, N.
Nishizawa and S. Takeuchi: SPIE Optics 㸩 photonics 2011, San Diego, USA, August 21-25, 2011.
[8]Photonic quantum circuits and their application (invited), S. Takeuchi: 11th Asian Quantum
Information Science Conference(AQIS'11), Busan, Korea, August 24-27, 2011.
[9]Realization of a photonic quantum circuit combining effective optical nonlinearities (poster), R.
Okamoto, J.L. O'Brien, H.F. Hofmann and S. Takeuchi: Quantum Information Processing and
Communication(QIPC)2011, Zurich, Swiss, September 5-9, 2011.
[10]Solid-state photonic quantum phase gates by using fiber-microsphere cavity and diamond NV centers
(poster), M. Fujiwara, T. Noda, K. Toubaru, A. Tanaka, H.Q Zhao and S. Takeuchi: 㟁Ꮚ◊ᅜ㝿ࢩ࣏ࣥ
ࢪ࣒࢘ࠊSapporo, Japan, November 21, 2011.
[11]Photonic quantum circuits and their application (invited), S. Takeuchi: ➨ 11 ᅇ⏣ᮧグᛕࢩ࣏ࣥࢪ࢘
࣒, Osaka, Japan, December 3-5, 2011.
[12]Single-shot broadband photon spectroscopy of parametric fluorescence generated from chirped
MgSLT crystal towards realization of mono-cycle photonic entanglement (poster), A. Tanaka, R.
Okamoto, H.H. Lim, S. Subashchandran, M. Okano, S. Kurimura, L. Zhang, L. Kang, J. Chen, P. Wu, T.
Hirohata and S. Takeuchi: The 15th SANKEN International Symposium 2012/The 10th SANKEN
Nanotechnology Symposium, Osaka, Japan, January 12-13, 2012.
[13]Realization of ultra-broadband entangled photons and application to quantum sensing (invited), S.
Takeuchi, R. Okamoto, M. Okano, A. Tanaka, S. Subashchandran, S. Kurimura, N. Nishizawa: LASE
SPIE Photonics west, California, USA, January 21-26, 2012.
[14]Spectral dependence of ultra-low dark count Superconducting single photon detector for the
evaluation of broadband parametric fluorescence (invited), S. Subashchandran, R. Okamoto, A. Tanaka,
M. Okano, L. Zhang, L. Kang, J. Chen, P. Wu and S. Takeuchi: LASE SPIE Photonics west, California,
USA, January 21-26, 2012.
[15]Suppression of photon sidebands in the spectrum of nitrogen vacancy centers in diamond
nano-crystals (oral), H.Q. Zhao, M. Fujiwara, S. Takeuchi: LASE SPIE Photonics west, California, USA,
January 21-26, 2012.
[16]Near-field coupling of a single NV center to a tapered fiber (oral), T. Schröder, M. Fujiwara, T. Noda,
H.Q. Zhao, O. Benson, S. Takeuchi: LASE SPIE Photonics west, California, USA, January 21-26, 2012.
[17]Nano Optical Fibers for Photonic Quantum Information (invited), S.Takeuchi: Quantum Information
and Measurement (QIM), Berlin, Germany, March 19-21, 2012.
ゎㄝࠊ⥲ㄝ
ගᏊࢆ⏝࠸ࡓ㔞Ꮚ᝟ሗ⛉Ꮫ࡜⾲㠃⛉Ꮫ, ➉ෆ ⦾ᶞ, ⾲㠃⛉Ꮫ, ᪥ᮏ⾲㠃⛉Ꮫ఍, 32[12] (2011),
773-778.
㉸㧗 Q ್ᚤᑠගඹ᣺ჾࡢ㧗࿘Ἴᩘศゎศග ᐃ, ⸨ཎ⚽ᶞࠊ㧗ᓥ⚽⪽ࠊ➉ෆ⦾ᶞࠊ➲ᮌᩗྖ, ศ
ග◊✲, ♫㸧᪥ᮏศගᏛ఍, 60[6] (2011), 236-237.
― 187 ―
ᅜ㝿఍㆟ࡢ⤌⧊ጤဨࠊᅜ㝿㞧ㄅࡢ⦅㞟ጤဨ
➉ෆ ⦾ᶞ
SPIE Photonics+Optics, Quantum communications and Quantum Imaging (⤌⧊ጤ
ဨ)
➉ෆ ⦾ᶞ
Nonlinear optics Quantum optics (⤌⧊ጤဨ)
ᅜෆᏛ఍
➨ 24 ᅇ㔞Ꮚ᝟ሗᢏ⾡◊✲఍ (QIT24)
7௳
2௳
㔞Ꮚ᝟ሗฎ⌮ࣉࣟࢪ࢙ࢡࢺኟᮇ◊ಟ఍ 2011
12 ௳
᪥ᮏ≀⌮Ꮫ఍ 2011 ᖺ⛅Ꮨ኱఍
2௳
➨ 25 ᅇ㔞Ꮚ᝟ሗᢏ⾡◊✲఍㸦QIT25)
1௳
㟁Ꮚ⛉Ꮫ◊✲ᡤ ᖹᡂ 23 ᖺᗘ◊✲஺ὶ఍
1௳
➨ 47 ᅇᛂ⏝≀⌮Ꮫ఍໭ᾏ㐨ᨭ㒊/➨ 8 ᅇ᪥ᮏගᏛ఍໭ᾏ㐨ᆅ༊ྜྠᏛ⾡ㅮ₇఍
1௳
ᖹᡂ㸰㸱ᖺᗘ≀㉁࣭ࢹࣂ࢖ࢫ㡿ᇦඹྠ◊✲ᣐⅬ≉ᐃ◊✲[A-1]බ㛤࣮࣡ࢡࢩࣙ
ࢵࣉࠕ㔞Ꮚࡶࡘࢀගࢆ⏝࠸ࡓࠊ᪂ࡋ࠸≀㉁࣭ᮦᩱ࣭⏕࿨◊✲ࡢ๰ᡂࠖ
2012 ᖺ᫓Ꮨ➨ 59 ᅇᛂ⏝≀⌮Ꮫ㛵ಀ㐃ྜㅮ₇఍
1௳
1௳
᪥ᮏ≀⌮Ꮫ఍➨ 67 ᅇᖺḟ኱఍
ྲྀᚓᏛ఩
ಟኈ㸦ᇶ♏ᕤᏛ㸧 ගᏊࡢ೫ගࡢ Adaptive ࡞㔞Ꮚ᥎ᐃᐇ㦂
ᐙ⸨ ⨾ዉᏊ
ಟኈ㸦ᇶ♏ᕤᏛ㸧 ࢸ࣮ࣃࣇ࢓࢖ࣂ⤖ྜᚤᑠ⌫ඹ᣺ჾ࡜༢୍Ⓨගయࡢග⤖ྜไᚚ࡟ྥࡅࡓ◊✲
㔝⏣ ဴ▮
ಟኈ㸦ᇶ♏ᕤᏛ㸧 ࢼࣀගࢸ࣮ࣃࣇ࢓࢖ࣂ࣮ࡢᐇ⌧࡜ࡑࡢᛂ⏝࡟㛵ࡍࡿ◊✲
᱈ཎ Ύኴ
⛉Ꮫ◊✲㈝⿵ຓ㔠
༢఩㸸༓෇
᪂Ꮫ⾡㡿ᇦ
ගᏊ㔞Ꮚᅇ㊰࡟ࡼࡿ㔞Ꮚࢧ࢖ࣂࢿࢸ࢕ࢡࢫࡢᐇ⌧
22,900
➉ෆ ⦾ᶞ
ᇶ┙◊✲㸦A㸧 ࢲ࢖ࣖࣔࣥࢻ⤖ᬗḞ㝗ࢆ Ȝ ᆺཎᏊ࡜ࡋ࡚฼⏝ࡋࡓࠊ༢୍ග
19,100
➉ෆ ⦾ᶞ
Ꮚࡢ㧗ຠ⋡㔞Ꮚ࣓ࣔࣜࡢᐇ⌧
ⱝᡭ◊✲㸦B㸧
㠀⺯ගศᏊࡢࡓࡵࡢ㍽ᑕሙไᚚᆺග྾཰༢୍ศᏊศගἲࡢ
2,800
⸨ཎ ṇ⃈
㛤ᣅ
ཷク◊✲
➉ෆ ⦾ᶞ
⛉Ꮫᢏ⾡᣺⯆ᶵᵓ
ࣔࣀࢧ࢖ࢡࣝ㔞Ꮚࡶࡘࢀගࡢᐇ
29,300
⌧࡜㔞Ꮚ㠀⥺ᙧගᏛࡢ๰ᡂ
➉ෆ ⦾ᶞ
᪥ᮏᏛ⾡᣺⯆఍
ࡶࡘࢀྜ࠸㢧ᚤ㙾ࡢᐇ⌧࡜㧗ឤ
19,200
ᗘ఩┦ ᐃࡢ◊✲
➉ෆ ⦾ᶞ
ዡᏛᐤ㝃㔠
➉ෆ ⦾ᶞ
බ┈㈈ᅋἲே ග⛉Ꮫᢏ⾡◊✲᣺⯆㈈ᅋ
200
㔞Ꮚᶵ⬟ᮦᩱ◊✲ศ㔝
ཎⴭㄽᩥ
[1]Direct Measurement of the Out-of-Plane Spin Texture in the Dirac-Cone Surface State of a Topological
Insulator, S. Souma, K. Kosaka, T. Sato, M. Komatsu, A. Takayama, T. Takahashi, M. Kriener, K. Segawa,
and Y. Ando: Physical Review Letters, 106 (21) (2011) 216803/1-4.
[2]Anisotropies in the optical ac and dc conductivities in lightly doped La2-xSrxCuo4: the role of deep and
shallow acceptor states, M. B. Silva Neto, G. Blumberg, A. Gozar, S. Komiya, and Y. Ando: Journal of
Physics: Condenced Matter, 23 (21) (2011) 215602/1-9.
[3]Observation of Dirac Holes and Electrons in a Topological Insulator, A. A. Taskin, Z. Ren, S. Sasaki, K.
Segawa, and Y. Ando: Physical Review Letters, 107 (1) (2011) 016801/1-4.
― 188 ―
[4]Berry phase of nonideal Dirac fermions in topological insulators, A. A. Taskin, and Y. Ando: Physical
Review B, 84 (3) (2011) 035301/1-6.
[5]Extracting the dynamical effective interaction and competing order from an analysis of Raman spectra
of the high-temperature La2-xSrxCuO4 superconductor, S. Caprara, C. Di Castro, B. Muschler, W. Presterl, R.
Hackl, M. Lambacher, A. Erb, S. Komiya, Y. Ando, and M. Grilli: Physical Review B, 84 (5) (2011)
054508/1-10.
[6]Electrochemical synthesis and superconducting phase diagram of CuxBi2Se3, M. Kriener, K. Segawa, Z.
Ren, S. Sasaki, S. Wada, S. Kuwabata, and Y. ando: Physical Review B, 84 (5) (2011) 054513/1-5.
[7]Observations of two-dimensional quantum oscillations and ambipolar transport in the topological
insulator Bi2Se3 achieved by Cd doping, Z. Ren, A. A. Taskin, S. Sasaki, K. Segawa, and Y. Ando:
Physical Review B, 84 (7) (2011) 075316/1-6.
[8]Optimizing Bi2-xSbxTe3-ySey solid solutions to approach the intrinsic topological insulator regime, Z.
Ren, A. A. Taskin, S. Sasaki, K. Segawa, and Y. Ando: Physical Review B, 84 (16) (2011) 165311/1-6.
[9]Synthesis of Oxosumanenes through Benzylic Oxidation, T. Amaya, M. Hifumi, M. Okada, Y. Shimizu,
T. Moriuchi, K. Segawa, Y. ando, and T. Hirao: The Journal of Organic Chemistry, 76 (19) (2011)
8049-8052.
[10]Pair breaking versus symmetry breaking: Origin of the Raman modes in superconducting cuprates, N.
Munnikes, B. Muschler, F. Venturini, L. Tassini, W. Prestel, S. Ono, Y. Ando, D. C. Peets, W. N. Hardy, R.
Liang, D. A. Bonn, A. Damascelli, H. Eisaki, M. Greven, A. Erb, and R. Hackl: Physical Review B, 84
(14) (2011) 144523/1-13.
[11]Unexpected mass acquisition of Dirac fermions at the quantum phase transition of a topological
insulator, T. Sato, K. Segawa, K. Kosaka, S. Souma, K. Nakayama, K. Eto, T. Minami, Y. Ando, and T.
Takahashi: Nature Physics, 7 (8) (2011) 840-844.
[12]Topological Superconductivity in CuxBi2Se3, S. Sasaki, M. Kriener, K. Segawa, K. Yada, Y. Tanaka,
M. Sato, and Y. Ando: Physical Review Letters, 107 (21) (2011) 217001/1-5.
[13]Investigation of particle-hole asymmetry in the cuprates via electronic Raman scattering, B. Moritz, S.
Johnston, T. P. Devereaux, B. Muschler, W. Prestel, R. Hackl, M. Lambacher, A. Erb, S. Komiya, and Y.
Ando: Physical Review B, 84 (23) (2011) 235114/1-12.
[14]Topological transition in Bi1-xSbx studied as a function of Sb doping, F. Nakamura, Y. Kousa, A. A.
Taskin, Y. Takeich, A. Nishide, A. Kakizaki, M. D'Angelo, P. Lefevre, F. Bertran, A. Taleb-Ibrahimi, F.
Komori, S. Kimura, H. Kondo, Y. Ando, and I. Matsuda: Physical Review B, 84 (23) (2011) 235308/1-8.
[15]An extended infrared study of the p, T phase diagram of the p-doped Cu-O plane, D. Nicoletti, P. Di
Pietro, O. Limaj, P. Calvani, U. Schade, S. Ono, Y. Ando, and S. Lupi: New Journal of Physics, 13 (2011)
123009/1-26.
[16]Additional Evidence for the Surface Origin of the Peculiar Angular-Dependent Magnetoresistance
Oscillations Discovered in a Topological Insulator Bi1-xSbx, A. A. Taskin, K. Segawa, and Y. Ando:
Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 334 (2011) 012012/1-5.
[17]Tunable Dirac cone in the topological insulator Bi2-xSbxTe3-ySey, T. Arakane, T. Sato, S. Souma, K.
Kosaka, K. Nakayama, M. Komatsu, T. Takahashi, Z. Ren, K. Segawa, and Y. Ando: Nature
Communications, 3 (2012) 636/1-5.
― 189 ―
[18]Topological Surface States in Lead-Based Ternary Telluride Pb(Bi1-xSbx)2Te4, S. Souma, K. Eto, M.
Nomura, K. Nakayama, T. Sato, T. Takahashi, K. Segawa, and Y. Ando: Physical Review Letters, 108 (11)
(2012) 116801/1-5.
ᅜ㝿఍㆟
[1]Materials-Oriented Research of Topological Insulators and Superconductors (invited), Y. Ando: LT26
Satellite Conference on Topological Insulators and Superconductors, Tsinghua University, Beijing, China,
August 18-21, 2011.
[2]Cutting-Edge Experiments on Topological Insulator and Superconductors (invited), Y. Ando:
International Workshop on Novel Quantum State in Condensed Matter; Correlation, Frustration and
Topology, Ukawa Institute, Kyoto University, Japan, November 18, 2011.
[3]Materials-Oriented Research of Topological Insulators and Superconductors (invited), Y. Ando: 2011
MRS Fall Meeting, Boston, U.S.A., November 28-December 2, 2011.
[4]Probing the Exotic Surface States in Topological Insulators and Superconductors (invited), Y. Ando:
FITST-QS2C Workshop on Emergent Phenomena of Correlated Materials, Okinawa, Japan, December
12-15, 2011.
[5]Transport Studies of Topological Insulators and Superconductors (invited), Y. Ando: American
Physical Society March Meeting, Boston, U.S.A., February 27-March 2, 2012.
[6]Optical conductivity of exfoliated Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8+ǔ nanocrystals (oral), L. Sandilands, V. Baydina, A.
Su, A. Reijnders, T. Pedersen, F. Borondics, G. Gu, S. Ono, Y. Ando, K. Burch: American Physical
Society March Meeting, Boston, U.S.A., February 27-March 2, 2012.
[7]Transport properties of new Pb-based Topological Insulators (oral), K. Eto, S. Sasaki, K. Segawa, Y.
Ando: American Physical Society March Meeting, Boston, U.S.A., February 27- March 2, 2012.
[8]Recent ARPES study on extremely underdoped LSCO system (oral), Y. He, M. Hashimoto, S. K. Mo,
R. He, Y. Ando, S. Komiya, Z. X. Shen: American Physical Society March Meeting, Boston, U.S.A.,
February 27- March 2, 2012.
[9]Physical properties of bulk-superconducting CuxBi2Se3 (oral), K. Segawa, M. Kriener, Z. Ren, S.
Sasaki, and Y. Ando: Gordon Research Conference on Superconductivity, Waterville valley resort, U.S.A.
June 6-10, 2011.
[10]Physical properties of bulk-superconducting CuxBi2Se3 (poster), K. Segawa, M. Kriener, Z. Ren, S.
Sasaki, and Y. Ando: 26㹲㹦 International Conference on Low Temperature Physics, Beijing, China,
August 11-17, 2011.
[11]Physical properties of bulk-superconducting CuxBi2Se3 (invited), K. Segawa: 24th International
Symposium on Superconductivity, Tokyo, Japan, October 24-26, 2011.
[12]Physical properties of bulk-superconducting CuxBi2Se3 (invited), K. Segawa: International Workshop
for Young Researchers on Topological Quantum Phenomena in Condensed Matter with Broken
Symmetries, Shiga, Japan, November 2-5, 2011.
[13]Physical properties of bulk-superconducting CuxBi2Se3 (poster), K. Segawa, M. Kriener, Z. Ren, S.
Sasaki, and Y. Ando: FITST-QS2C Workshop on Emergent Phenomena of Correlated Materials, Okinawa,
Japan, December 12-15, 2011.
[14]Synthesis and Characterization of New Topological Insulators (invited), K. Segawa: American
― 190 ―
Physical Society March Meeting, Boston, U.S.A., February 28, 2012.
[15]Point-contact spectroscopy of CuxBi2Se3 (poster), S. Sasaki, M. Kriener, K. Segawa, K. Yada, Y.
Tanaka, M. Sato, Y. Ando: International Workshop for Young Researchers on Topological Quantum
Phenomena in Condensed Matter with Broken Symmetries, Shiga, Japan, November 2, 2011.
[16]Magnetotransport studies of Dirac Fermions in Topological Insulators (invited), A. Taskin, Z. Ren, S.
Sasaki, K. Segawa, and Y. Ando: IOP Workshop on Frontiers of Dirac Electron Systems, Hefei, China,
January 4-5, 2012.
[17]About the Superconductivity in CuxBi2Se3 (poster), M. Kriener, K. Segawa, Z. Ren, S. Sasaki, S.
Wada, and Y. Ando: International Workshop for Young Researchers on Topological Quantum Phenomena
in Condensed Matter with Broken Symmetries, Shiga, Japan, November 2, 2011.
[18]The Superconducting Phase in CuxBi2Se3 (oral), M. Kriener: Japan-Finland March Meeting for the
future in thermoelectrics, Nagoya University, Japan, March 14, 2012.
[19]Experimental Attempts to Observe Spin-Polarized Transport Properties of the Surface States of a
Highly Bulk-Insulating Topological Insulator (poster), K. Eto, S. Sasaki, K. Segawa, Y. Ando: 7th Handai
Nanoscience and Nanotechnology International Symposium,Nov.10-11,2011㺂Japan.
[20]Experimental Attempts to Observe Spin-Polarized Transport Properties of the Surface States of a
Highly Bulk-Insulating Topological Insulator (poster), K. Eto, S. Sasaki, K. Segawa, Y. Ando:
International Workshop for Young Researchers on Topological Quantum Phenomena in Condensed
Matter with Broken Symmetries, Shiga, Japan, November 2, 2011.
ゎㄝࠊ⥲ㄝ
ࢺ࣏ࣟࢪ࢝ࣝ⤯⦕యࡢ㟁Ꮚ㍺㏦⌧㇟, Ᏻ⸨ 㝧୍, ⾲㠃⛉Ꮫ, ᪥ᮏ⾲㠃⛉Ꮫ఍, 32[4] (2011),
189-195.
ࢺ࣏ࣟࢪ࢝ࣝ⤯⦕య㔞Ꮚ┦㌿⛣㏆ഐ࡟࠾ࡅࡿࢹ࢕ࣛࢵࢡ㟁Ꮚࡢ㉁㔞⋓ᚓ, బ⸨ Ᏹྐࠊ℩ᕝ ⪔
ྖࠊ㧗ᶫ 㝯ࠊᏳ⸨ 㝧୍, ᪥ᮏ≀⌮Ꮫ఍ㄅ, ᪥ᮏ≀⌮Ꮫ఍, 67[3] (2012), 184-187.
ᅜ㝿఍㆟ࡢ⤌⧊ጤဨࠊᅜ㝿㞧ㄅࡢ⦅㞟ጤဨ
Ᏻ⸨ 㝧୍
Materials & Mechanisms of Superconductivity Conference (M2S 2012) (ᅜ㝿࢔ࢻ
ࣂ࢖ࢨ࣮ࣜጤဨ)
Ᏻ⸨ 㝧୍
International Conference on Topological Quantum Phenomena (ࣉࣟࢢ࣒ࣛጤဨ)
Ᏻ⸨ 㝧୍
Europhysics Letters (EPL) (ඹྠ⦅㞟⪅)
ᅜෆᏛ఍
ISSP ࣮࣡ࢡࢩࣙࢵࣉ ࠕࢺ࣏ࣟࢪ࢝ࣝ⤯⦕యࡢ⾲㠃㟁Ꮚ≧ែࠖ
1௳
14 ௳
᪥ᮏ≀⌮Ꮫ఍ 2011 ᖺ⛅Ꮨ኱఍
2௳
᪂Ꮫ⾡㡿ᇦ◊✲ࠕᑐ⛠ᛶࡢ◚ࢀࡓจ⦰⣔࡟࠾ࡅࡿࢺ࣏ࣟࢪ࢝ࣝ㔞Ꮚ⌧㇟ࠖ ➨
㸰ᅇ㡿ᇦ◊✲఍
᪥ᮏ≀⌮Ꮫ఍ ➨ 67 ᅇᖺḟ኱఍
7௳
1௳
➨஧ᅇ⾲㠃⛉Ꮫⱝᡭ◊✲఍
ྲྀᚓᏛ఩
ಟኈ㸦ᕤᏛ㸧
ࢺ࣏ࣟࢪ࢝ࣝ⤯⦕య Bi1-xSbx ࡢⰋ㉁༢⤖ᬗస〇࡜᪂ወ࡞ࢺ࣏ࣟࢪ࢝ࣝ≀㉁ࡢ
ྜྷ⏣ 㑈ᖹ
᥈⣴
ಟኈ㸦ᕤᏛ㸧
㑄⛣㔠ᒓඖ⣲ࢆ࢖ࣥࢱ࣮࣮࢝ࣞࢺࡋࡓࢺ࣏ࣟࢪ࢝ࣝ⤯⦕య༢⤖ᬗࡢస〇
࿴⏣ ⚈ᖹ
⛉Ꮫ◊✲㈝⿵ຓ㔠
༢఩㸸༓෇
᭱ඛ➃࣭ḟୡ௦ ࢺ࣏ࣟࢪ࢝ࣝ⤯⦕య࡟ࡼࡿ㠉᪂ⓗࢹࣂ࢖ࢫࡢ๰ฟ
113,342
◊✲㛤Ⓨᨭ᥼ࣉ
― 191 ―
ࣟࢢ࣒ࣛ
Ᏻ⸨ 㝧୍
ⱝᡭ◊✲㸦B㸧
୧ᴟࢻ࣮ࣉྍ⬟࡞㧗 ㉸ఏᑟ㖡㓟໬≀࡟ࡼࡿࣔࢵࢺ⤯⦕
℩ᕝ ⪔ྖ
య㏆ഐ࡜㟁Ꮚࢻ࣮ࣉᇦࡢ≀ᛶ◊✲
᪂Ꮫ⾡㡿ᇦ◊✲ ✵㛫཯㌿ᑐ⛠ᛶࢆ◚ࡿ㟁Ꮚὶయࡢ᪂ወ⌧㇟
℩ᕝ ⪔ྖ
≉ู◊✲ဨዡບ ࣃ࢖ࢡࣟ࢔ᆺ㓟໬≀ࢺ࣏ࣟࢪ࢝ࣝ⤯⦕యೃ⿵≀㉁ࡢ☢Ẽ
㈝
㍺㏦≉ᛶ ᐃ࡟ࡼࡿ◊✲
Ụ⸨ ᩘ㤿
ዡᏛᐤ㝃㔠
Ᏻ⸨ 㝧୍
࢔ࢪ࢔Ᏹᐂ⯟✵◊✲㛤Ⓨ஦ົᡤ 㸦⡿㌷⛉Ꮫᢏ⾡ᒁ㸧
2,210
13,130
700
40,278
༙ᑟయᮦᩱ࣭ࣉࣟࢭࢫ◊✲ศ㔝
ཎⴭㄽᩥ
[1]Sub-micrometer ultralow power TFT with 1.8 nm NAOS SiO2/20 nm CVD SiO2 gate stack structure,
Y. Kubota, T. Matsumoto, S.Imai, M. Yamada, H. Tsuji, K. Taniguchi, S. Terakawa, H. Kobayashi: IEEE
Trans. Electron Dev., 58 (4) (2011) 1134-1140.
[2]Chemical states of copper contaminants on SiO2 surfaces and their removal by ppm-order HCN
aqueous solutions, M. Takahashi, Y. Higashi, S. Ozaki, H. Kobayashi: J. Electrochem. Soc., 158 (8)
(2011) H825-829.
[3]Nitric Acid Oxidation to Form a Gate Oxide Layer in Sub-Micrometer TFT, T. Matsumoto, Y. Kubota,
S. Imai, H. Kobayashi: Electrochem. Soc. Trans., 35 (4) (2011) 217-227.
[4]1.5 V-Operation Ultr-Low Power Circuit of Poly-Si TFTs Fabricated Using Nitric Acid Oxidation of
Silicon (NAOS) Method, Y. Kubota, T. Matsumoto, H. Tsuji, N. Suzuki, S. Imai, H. Kobayashi: IEEE
Trans. Electron Dev., 59 (2) (2012) 385-392.
[5]Study of density of interface states in MOS structure with ultrathin NAOS oxide, S. Jurecka, H.
Kobayashi, W.-B. Kim, M. Takahashi, E. Pincik: , 10 (1) (2012) 210-217.
ᅜ㝿఍㆟
[1]Nitric acid oxidation method to form a gate oxide layer in sub-micrometer TFT (invited), H.
Kobayashi, T. Matsumoto, S. Imai: 219th ECS meeting,May 1-6, 2011. Montreal Convention Center.
[2]Ultra-low power thin film transistors with gate oxide formed by nitric acid oxidation method (invited),
H. Kobayashi: 17th International Conference of Applied Physics of Condensed Matter,June 22-24, 2011,
Spa Novy Smokovec, High Tatras, Slovakia.
[3]Ultra-low power thin film transistors fabricated by use of nitric acid oxidation method (invited), H.
Kobayashi: IIV International Workshop on Semiconductor Surface Passivation,POLAND, September 11 15, 2011.
[4]New chemical methods for improvement of energy conversion efficiency of crystalline Si solar cells
(invited), H. Kobayashi: International Workshop on Semiconductor Devices and Interfaces, Saudi Arabia,
2011, Nov. 28-29.
[5]Fabrication of Si nanoparticles and application to solar cells (invited), H. Kobayashi: International
Workshop at Dankook University, Korea, Nov. 8-9, 2011.
[6]Photoluminescence of Si Nanoparticles Produced from Si Swarf with Photochemical Reactions
(invited), T. Matsumoto, J. Furukawa, M. Maeda, S. Terakawa, S. Imai, H. Kobayashi: 2012 RCIQE
International Seminar, March 5-6, 2012,Conference Hall, Hokkaido University.
― 192 ―
[7]Low temperature oxidation of 4H-SiC surfaces by nitric acid vapor oxidation of SiC (NAVOS) method
(oral), T. Matsumoto, H.-S. Joe, W-B. Kim, H. Kobayashi,: The 6th International Symposium on Surface
Science,December 11-15, 2011,University of Tokyo.
[8]Dependence minority carrier lifetime on humidity for initial oxidation of Si (oral), F. Franco, Jr., W.-B.
Kim, H. Kobayashi: The 6th International Symposium on Surface Science,December 11-15,
2011,University of Tokyo.
[9]Fabrication of low reflectivity Si surfaces with the inverted pyramidal structure by use of Pt catalytic
activity (oral), M. Takahashi, T. Fukushima, Y. Seino, A. Ohnaka, H. Kobayashi: The 6th International
Symposium on Surface Science,December 11-15, 2011,University of Tokyo.
[10]Ultra-low power thin film transisitors and liquid crystal displays with ultrathin gate oxide layer
fabricated by the NAOS (Nitric Acid Oxidation of Si) method (poster), T. Matsumoto, Y. Kubota, M.
Yamada, H. Tsuji, K. Taniguchi, S. Imai, S. Terakawa, H. Kobayashi: 7th Handai Nanoscience and
Nanotechnology International Symposium,Nov.10-11,2011㺂Japan.
[11]Photovoltaic effect of Si nanoparticles fabricated by non-vacuum simple method (poster), M. Maeda,
T. Matsumoto, H. Kobayashi: 7th Handai Nanoscience and Nanotechnology International
Symposium,Nov.10-11,2011㺂Japan.
[12]Ultra-low power thin film transistors with ultrathin gate oxide layer fabricated by the NAOS (Nitric
Acid Oxidation of Si) method and application to mobile electronic devices (poster), T. Matsumoto, Y.
Kubota, M. Yamada, H. Tsuji, K. Taniguchi, S. Imai, S. Terakawa, H. Kobayashi: The 15th SANKEN
International Symposium and the 10th SANKEN Nanotechnology Symposium,Jan12-13,2012,Japan.
[13]Blue luminescent Si nanoparticles from Si swarf (poster), J. Furukawa, T. Matsumoto, H. Kobayashi:
The 15th SANKEN International Symposium and the 10th SANKEN Nanotechnology
Symposium,Jan12-13,2012,Japan.
[14]Humidity condition dependence of the initial stages of Si oxidation (poster), F. Franco Jr., W.-B. Kim,
H. Kobayashi: The 15th SANKEN International Symposium and the 10th SANKEN Nanotechnology
Symposium,Jan12-13,2012,Japan.
[15]Photovoltaic effect of Si nanoparticles fabricated by non-vacuum pulverizing method (poster), M.
Maeda, T. Matsumoto, H. Kobayashi: The 15th SANKEN International Symposium and the 10th
SANKEN Nanotechnology Symposium,Jan12-13,2012,Japan.
[16]Fabrication of Si Nanoparticles from Si Swarf and Application to Photovoltaic Cells (poster), M.
Maeda, T. Matsumoto, S. Terakawa, S. Imai, H. Kobayashi: 2012 RCIQE International Seminar,March
5-6, 2012 Conference Hall, Hokkaido University.
ゎㄝࠊ⥲ㄝ
◪㓟㓟໬ᴟⷧ⭷࡜ CVD-SiO2 ⷧ⭷ࡢ✚ᒙᆺࢤ࣮ࢺ㓟໬⭷ࢆ⏝࠸ࡓ㉸పᾘ㈝㟁ຊᆺⷧ⭷ࢺࣛࣥࢪ
ࢫࢱࡢ๰〇, ᯇᮏ೺ಇ㸪ᑠᯘග, ⾲㠃⛉Ꮫ, ᪥ᮏ⾲㠃⛉Ꮫ఍, 32[6] (2011), 355-360.
ⴭ᭩
[1]➨㸳❶ ⾲㠃ࣉࣛࢬࣔࣥ࠾ࡼࡧኴ㝧㟁ụศ㔝ࡢࢼࣀᵓ㐀⣲Ꮚ, 2. ࢩࣜࢥࣥኴ㝧㟁ụ⾲㠃ࡢ཯ᑕ
⋡పῶᢏ⾡ (す஭‽἞ࠊ⳥⏣ஂ㞝)“ࢼࣀᵓ㐀ගᏛ⣲Ꮚ㛤Ⓨࡢ᭱๓⥺”, ᯇᮏ೺ಇࠊᑠᯘග, ࢩ࣮࢚
࣒ࢩ࣮ฟ∧, (152-166) 2011.
≉チ
[1]ࠕࢩࣜࢥࣥᚤ⣽⢏Ꮚࡢ〇㐀᪉ἲཬࡧࡑࢀࢆ⏝࠸ࡓ㹑㹧࢖ࣥࢡࠊኴ㝧㟁ụ୪ࡧ࡟༙ᑟయ⿦⨨ࠖ
― 193 ―
ᑠᯘ ගࠊ๓⏣ ㆡ❶ࠊ῝㇂ ὒ௓ࠊ㔠 భ᯶, ≉㢪 2011-099516
[2]ࠕኴ㝧㟁ụཬࡧ༙ᑟయ⿦⨨ࡢ〇㐀᪉ἲࠊ୪ࡧ࡟㌿෗⏝ᆺ∧ࠖᑠᯘ ග, ≉㢪 2011-175937
[3]ࠕ༙ᑟయ⿦⨨ࡢ〇㐀᪉ἲࠊ༙ᑟయ⿦⨨ࡢ〇㐀⿦⨨ࠊ༙ᑟయ⿦⨨ࠊ༙ᑟయ⿦⨨ࡢ〇㐀ࣉࣟࢢࣛ
࣒ࠊ༙ᑟయ⏝ฎ⌮๣ࠊ୪ࡧ࡟㌿෗⏝㒊ᮦࠖᑠᯘ ග, ≉㢪 2011-176602
[4]ࠕࢩࣜࢥ࢙ࣥ࢘ࣁࡢ⾲㠃ฎ⌮᪉ἲཬࡧ༙ᑟయ⿦⨨ࡢ〇㐀᪉ἲ୪ࡧ࡟ኴ㝧㟁ụࠖᑠᯘ ග, ≉㢪
2011-224636
[5]ࠕ㹑㹧ᚤ⢏Ꮚ࡟ࡼࡿⷧ⭷ᒙࡢᙧᡂ᪉ἲࠊ༙ᑟయ⿦⨨ࠊ༙ᑟయ⿦⨨ࡢ〇㐀᪉ἲࠊ୪ࡧ࡟ኴ㝧㟁
ụ࠾ࡼࡧኴ㝧㟁ụࡢ〇㐀᪉ἲࠖᑠᯘ ග, ≉㢪 2012-041708
[6]ࠕ㹑㹧ᚤ⣽⢏Ꮚࡢᙧᡂ᪉ἲཬࡧࡑࢀࢆ⏝࠸ࡓⓎග⣲Ꮚࠊኴ㝧㟁ụ୪ࡧ࡟༙ᑟయ⿦⨨ࠖᑠᯘ ග,
≉㢪 2012-041709
[7]ࠕኴ㝧㟁ụཬࡧࡑࡢ〇㐀᪉ἲࠊ୪ࡧ࡟ኴ㝧㟁ụࡢ〇㐀⿦⨨ࠖᑠᯘ ග, ᅜ㝿බ㛤 2012014668
[8]ࠕኴ㝧㟁ụ࠾ࡼࡧࡑࡢ〇㐀᪉ἲࠊ୪ࡧ࡟ኴ㝧㟁ụࡢ〇㐀⿦⨨ࠖᑠᯘ ග, ྎ‴
/TW2011/100128893
[9]ࠕ༙ᑟయ⿦⨨ࡢ〇㐀᪉ἲࠊ༙ᑟయ⿦⨨ࡢ〇㐀⿦⨨ࠊ༙ᑟయ⿦⨨ࠊ୪ࡧ࡟㌿෗⏝㒊ᮦࠖᑠᯘ ග,
ྎ‴/TW2011/100125052
[10]ࠕ༙ᑟయ⿦⨨ࡢ〇㐀⿦⨨ཬࡧ༙ᑟయ⿦⨨ࡢ〇㐀᪉ἲࠖᑠᯘ ග, ྎ‴/TW2011/100125045
[11]ࠕኴ㝧㟁ụ࠾ࡼࡧࡑࡢ〇㐀᪉ἲࠊ୪ࡧ࡟ኴ㝧㟁ụࡢ〇㐀⿦⨨ࠖᑠᯘ ග, ྎ‴
/TW2011/100125049
[12]ࠕ༙ᑟయ⿦⨨࠾ࡼࡧࡑࡢ〇㐀᪉ἲࠖᑠᯘ ග, ≉㢪 2012-054452
[13]ࠕኴ㝧㟁ụ࠾ࡼࡧࡑࡢ〇㐀᪉ἲࠖᑠᯘ ග, ≉㢪 2012-049156
[14]ࠕ༙ᑟయ⿦⨨ࡢ〇㐀⿦⨨ཬࡧ༙ᑟయ⿦⨨ࡢ〇㐀᪉ἲࠖᑠᯘ ග, WO 2012025984
[15]ࠕኴ㝧㟁ụ࠾ࡼࡧࡑࡢ〇㐀᪉ἲࠊ୪ࡧ࡟ኴ㝧㟁ụࡢ〇㐀⿦⨨ࠖᑠᯘ ග, WO 2012011188
[16]ࠕ༙ᑟయ⿦⨨ཬࡧࡑࡢ〇㐀᪉ἲࠖᑠᯘ ග, WO 2011114890
[17]ࠕ༙ᑟయ⿦⨨ࡢ〇㐀᪉ἲࠊ༙ᑟయ⿦⨨ࡢ〇㐀⿦⨨ࠊ༙ᑟయ⿦⨨ࠊ༙ᑟయ⿦⨨ࡢ〇㐀ࣉࣟࢢࣛ
࣒ࠊ༙ᑟయ⏝ฎ⌮๣ࠊ୪ࡧ࡟㌿෗⏝㒊ᮦࠖᑠᯘ ග, WO 2011099216
[18]ࠕ༙ᑟయ⿦⨨ࡢ〇㐀᪉ἲࠊ༙ᑟయ⿦⨨ࡢ〇㐀⿦⨨ࠊ༙ᑟయ⿦⨨ࠊ୪ࡧ࡟㌿෗⏝㒊ᮦࠖᑠᯘ ග,
WO 2011099594
[19]ࠕ༙ᑟయ⿦⨨࠾ࡼࡧࡑࡢ〇㐀᪉ἲࠖᑠᯘ ග, ≉㢪 2011-054868
[20]ࠕ࢙࢘ࣁࡢὙί⿦⨨࠾ࡼࡧὙί᪉ἲࠖᑠᯘ ගࠊẟᡞ ㇏, ≉㢪 2011-278566
[21]ࠕ༙ᑟయฎ⌮ᾮࡢ〇㐀᪉ἲࠊ〇㐀⿦⨨࠾ࡼࡧ〇㐀ࢩࢫࢸ࣒ࠖᑠᯘ ගࠊ㧘ᶫᫀ⏨ࠊ㛵࿴ ኵ,
≉チ➨ 4947454 ྕ
[22]ࠕࢩࣜࢥࣥග㟁ኚ᥮⣲Ꮚࠊࡑࡢ〇㐀᪉ἲཬࡧࡑࡢฎ⌮᪉ἲࠖᑠᯘගࠊ㩾἟⚽⮧ࠊᯇୗ㟁ჾ⏘
ᴗᰴᘧ఍♫, ≉チ➨ 4801833 ྕ
― 194 ―
ᅜ㝿఍㆟ࡢ⤌⧊ጤဨࠊᅜ㝿㞧ㄅࡢ⦅㞟ጤဨ
ᑠᯘ ග
Applied Surface Science (⦅㞟⪅)
ᑠᯘ ග
IIV International Workshop on Semiconductor Surface Passivation (⤌⧊ጤဨ)
ᅜෆᏛ఍
ࢼࣀᏛ఍኱఍
1௳
1௳
㟁Ꮚᮦᩱࢩ࣏ࣥࢪ࣒࢘
1௳
୰ᅜᆅᇦኴ㝧㟁ụࣇ࢛࣮࣒ࣛ
1௳
DV-XĮ ◊✲఍
6௳
ᛂ⏝≀⌮Ꮫ఍
4௳
᪥ᮏ≀⌮Ꮫ఍
1௳
໬ᏛᕤᏛ఍཯ᛂᕤᏛ㒊఍ CVD ཯ᛂศ⛉఍◊✲఍
ྲྀᚓᏛ఩
ಟኈ㸦⌮Ꮫ㸧
◪㓟㓟໬ἲࢆ⏝࠸ࡿ⾲㠃ࣃࢵࢩ࣮࣋ࢩࣙࣥ࡜ࢩࣜࢥࣥኴ㝧㟁ụࡢ㧗ຠ⋡໬
㔠 ᫀ㙞
ಟኈ㸦⌮Ꮫ㸧
ࢩࣜࢥࣥ⾲㠃ࡢ㔠ᒓởᰁࡢ㝖ཤ࡜໬Ꮫ࢚ࢵࢳࣥࢢ࡟ࡼࡿ཯ᑕ⋡ࡢపῶ
⋤ ࢝࢖
ಟኈ㸦⌮Ꮫ㸧
ࢩࣜࢥࣥษ⢊࠿ࡽࡢࢼࣀ⢏Ꮚࡢ๰〇࡜㟷ⰍⓎග
ྂᕝ ῟୍
ಟኈ㸦⌮Ꮫ㸧
◪㓟㓟໬ἲ࡟ࡼࡿ᪂つ༙ᑟయ㓟໬ࣉࣟࢭࢫ:⾲㠃≧ែ࡜ᑡᩘ࢟ࣕࣜ࢔ࣛ࢖ࣇࢱ
㇂ ♩⋤㤿
࢖࣒
༤ኈ㸦⌮Ꮫ㸧
◪㓟㓟໬ἲࢆ⏝࠸ࡓ SiO2/Si ᵓ㐀ࡢ๰〇
௒ᮧ೺ኴ㑻
༤ኈ㸦⌮Ꮫ㸧
◪㓟㓟໬ἲ࡟ࡼࡾᙧᡂࡋࡓ㉸ⷧ஧㓟໬ࢩࣜࢥࣥ⭷࡜ࡑࡢ㉸పᾘ㈝㟁ຊከ⤖ᬗ
ஂಖ⏣㟹
ࢩࣜࢥࣥⷧ⭷ࢺࣛࣥࢪࢫࢱ࡬ࡢᛂ⏝࡟㛵ࡍࡿ◊✲
ཷク◊✲
ᑠᯘ ග
᪂࢚ࢿࣝࢠ࣮࣋ࣥࢳࣕ
㠉᪂ⓗ sic 㧗㏿ప౯᱁〇㐀᪉ἲ࡜
4,600
࣮ᢏ⾡㠉᪂஦ᴗ
sic ኴ㝧㟁ụࡢ㛤Ⓨ
ᑠᯘ ග
JST ᡓ␎ⓗ๰㐀◊✲᥎㐍 ◪㓟㓟໬ἲࢆά⏝ࡋࡓࢩࢫࢸ
26,754
஦ᴗ CREST
࣒࣭ࢹ࢕ࢫࣉࣞ࢖ࡢ◊✲㛤Ⓨ
ዡᏛᐤ㝃㔠
ᑠᯘ ග
࢟ࣕࣀ࣐࣮ࣥࢣࢸ࢕ࣥࢢࢪࣕࣃࣥᰴᘧ఍♫ ௦⾲ྲྀ⥾ᙺ♫
20,000
㛗 ᕝᓮ ṇᕫ
㔠ᒓᮦᩱࣉࣟࢭࢫ◊✲ศ㔝
ཎⴭㄽᩥ
[1]Appearance of a Plateau Stress Region during Dynamic Compressive Deformation of Porous Carbon
Steel with Directional Pores, Y.H. Song, M. Tane, H. Nakajima: Scr. Mater., 64 (8) (2011) 797-800.
[2]Nanovoid Formation by Change in Amorphous Structure through the Annealing of Amorphous Al2O3
Thin Films, M. Tane, S. Nakano, R. Nakamura, H. Ogi, M. Ishimaru, H. Kimizuka and H. Nakajima: Acta
Mater., 59 (11) (2011) 4631-4640.
[3]Low Young's Modulus in Ti-Nb-Ta-Zr-O Alloys: Cold Working and Oxygen Effects, M. Tane, T.
Nakano, S. Kuramoto, M. Hara, M. Niinomi, N. Takesue,T. Yano, H. Nakajima: Acta Mater., 59 (18)
(2011) 6975-6988.
[4]Enhancement of nanovoid formation in annealed amorphous Al2O3 including W, R. Nakamura, M.
Ishimaru, A. Hirata, K. Sato, M. Tane, H. Kimizuka, T. Shudo, T.J. Konno, H. Nakajima: J. Appl. Phys.,
110 (6) (2011) 064324.
[5]Peculiar Formation Mechanism of a Plateau Stress Region during Dynamic Compressive Deformation
of Porous Carbon Steel with Oriented Cylindrical Pores, Y.H. Song, M. Tane, H. Nakajima: Acta Mater.,
60 (3) (2012) 1149-1160.
― 195 ―
[6]Dynamic and Quasi-static Compression of Porous Carbon Steel S30C and S45C with Directional
Pores, Y.H. Song, M. Tane, H. Nakajima: Mater. Sci. Eng. A, 534 (2012) 504-513.
[7]On the Anisotropy of Lotus-Type Porous Copper, T. Fiedler, C. Veyhl, I.V. Belova, M. Tane, H.
Nakajima, T. Bernthaler, M. Merkel, A. Ochsner, G.E. Murch: Adv. Eng. Mater., 14 (3) (2012) 144–152.
[8]Self-elongated growth of nanopores in annealed amorphous Ta2O5 films, R. Nakamura, K. Tanaka, M.
Ishimaru, K. Sato, T.J. Konno,H. Nakajima: Scr. Mater., 66 (3-4) (2012) 182-185.
ᅜ㝿఍㆟
[1]Fabrication of porous metals withdirectional pores by continuous castingtechnique through thermal
decomposition of gascompounds (plenary), H. Nakajima, T. Ide, A. Tsunemi: 7th International
Conference on Porous Metals and Metallic Foams (MetFoam2011).
[2]Elastic Properties of Nanoporous Amorphous Al2O3 (invited), M. Tane, S. Nakano, R. Nakamura, H.
Ogi, M. Ishimaru, H. Kimizuka, H. Nakajima: 7th International Conference on Porous Metals and
Metallic Foams (MetFoam2011).
[3]Anisotropic Dynamic Compressive Properties of Lotus-type Porous Carbon Steel (Poster), Y.H. Song,
M. Tane, H. Nakajima: 7th International Conference on Porous Metals and Metallic Foams
(MetFoam2011).
[4]Fabrication of Lotus-type Porous Aluminum through Continuous Casting Technique (Oral), T. Ide, Y.
Iio, H. Nakajima: 7th International Conference on Porous Metals and Metallic Foams (MetFoam2011).
[5]Fabrication of porous AlN/Al composites and its compressive properties (Poster), T. Kujime, T. Ide, Y.
Seimiya, H. Nakajima: 7th International Conference on Porous Metals and Metallic Foams
(MetFoam2011).
[6]Internal friction of llotus-tye porous copper (Poster), O. Yoshinari, T. Kobayashi, H. Nakajima, T. Ide:
7th International Conference on Porous Metals and Metallic Foams (MetFoam2011).
[7]Compressive properties of porous NiAl fabricated by unidirectional solidification (Poster), J.W. Lee,
S.K. Hyun, M.S. Kim, T. Ide, H. Nakajima: 7th International Conference on Porous Metals and Metallic
Foams (MetFoam2011).
[8]Forming of profiled strip from porous metal by rolling (Poster), H. Tsuruoka, H. Utsunomiya, T. Sakai,
S. Suzuki, T. Ide, H. Nakajima: 7th International Conference on Porous Metals and Metallic Foams
(MetFoam2011).
[9]Dynamic Compression Behavior of Lotus-type Porous Metals (Invited), M. Tane, Y.H. Song, and H.
Nakajima: Internaitonal Symposium on Materials Science and Innovation for Sustainable Society
(Eco-Mates 2011).
[10]Compressive Deformation Behaviors of Porous Carbon Steels with Directional Pores (Poster), Y.H.
Song, M. Tane, H. Nakajima: Internaitonal Symposium on Materials Science and Innovation for
Sustainable Society (Eco-Mates 2011).
[11]Fabrication of Lotus-type Porous Aluminum through Continuous Casting Technique under High
Humidity (Poster), T. Ide, H. Nakajima: Internaitonal Symposium on Materials Science and Innovation
for Sustainable Society (Eco-Mates 2011).
[12]Distribution of Pores of Lotus-type Porous Copper (Poster), A. Tsunemi, T. Ide, H. Nakajima:
― 196 ―
Internaitonal Symposium on Materials Science and Innovation for Sustainable Society (Eco-Mates 2011).
[13]Elastic Properties of Ti-Nb-Ta-Zr-O Alloys (Poster), M. Tane, T. Nakano, S. Kuramoto, M. Hara, M.
Niinomi, N. Takesue, T. Yano, H. Nakajima: 2012 TMS Annual Meeting & Exhibition.
[14]Mechnical Behavior of Porous NiAl Fabricated by Unidirectional Solidification (Poster), J.W.Lee,
S.K.Hyun, M.S.Kim, T.Ide, H.Nakajima: 2012 TMS Annual Meeting & Exhibition.
[15]Morphology change of metal nanowires through oxidation reactions: Formation of oxide nanotubes
and porous nanowires (Oral), R. Nakamura, H. Nakajima: 8th International Conference on Diffusion in
Materials (DIMAT2011).
[16]Formation of nanovoids in annealed amorphous oxides (Poster), R. Nakamura, T. Shudo, A. Hirata,
M. Ishimaru, H. Nakajima: 8th International Conference on Diffusion in Materials (DIMAT2011).
[17]Fabrication of Nanoporous Oxides through Annealing of Amorphous Oxide Films (Oral), R.
Nakamura, T. Shudo, M. Ishimaru, A. Hirata, H. Nakajima: 7th International Conference on Porous
Metals and Metallic Foams (MetFoam2011).
[18]Effects of NiO powder on pore formation of lotus-type porouscarbon steel during continuous casting
(Poster), M. Kashihara, S. Suzuki, H. Nakajima: 7th International Conference on Porous Metals and
Metallic Foams (MetFoam2011).
[19]Formation of Nanoporous Structures via Annealing of Amorphous Oxides (Poster), R. Nakamura, T.
Shudo, H. Nakajima: Internaitonal Symposium on Materials Science and Innovation for Sustainable
Society (Eco-Mates 2011).
[20]Formation and Growth of Nanovoids in annealed Amorphous Ta2O5 (Poster), K. Tanaka, R.
Nakamura, H. Nakajima: Internaitonal Symposium on Materials Science and Innovation for Sustainable
Society (Eco-Mates 2011).
ゎㄝࠊ⥲ㄝ
࢔ࣔࣝࣇ࢓ࢫ㓟໬≀ࡢᵓ㐀ኚ໬࠾ࡼࡧ⤖ᬗ໬࡟క࠺ࢼࣀ࣏࣮ࣛࢫ໬, ௰ᮧ㱟௓㸪▼୸Ꮫ㸪ᖹ⏣⛅
ᙪ㸪బ⸨࿴ஂ㸪ከ᰿ṇ࿴㸪ྩሯ⫕㸪௒㔝㇏ᙪ㸪୰ᔱⱥ㞝, ࡲ࡚ࡾ࠶, ᪥ᮏ㔠ᒓᏛ఍, 51[3] (2012),
95-101.
ከᏍ㉁໬࡟ࡼࡗ࡚๰ࡽࢀࡿᮦᩱᶵ⬟㸫୍᪉ྥẼᏍࢆ᭷ࡍࡿ࣏࣮ࣛࢫ㔠ᒓ㸫, ୰ᔱⱥ㞝, ࡩ࠻ࡽࡴ,
᪥ᮏ㕲㗰༠఍, 16[9] (2011), 599-606.
㔠ᒓࢼࣀ⢏Ꮚ࠾ࡼࡧࢼࣀ࣡࢖࣮ࣖࡢ㓟໬࡟ࡼࡿ㓟໬≀୰✵ᵓ㐀యࡢస〇࡜ࡑࡢᵓ㐀Ᏻᐃᛶ, ௰
ᮧ㱟௓㸪୰ᔱⱥ㞝, ࢫ࣐࣮ࢺࣉࣟࢭࢫᏛ఍ㄅ, ࢫ࣐࣮ࢺࣉࣟࢭࢫᏛ఍, 1[1] (2012), 20-24.
ⴭ᭩
[1]࣮ࣟࢱࢫᆺ࣏࣮ࣛࢫ㔠ᒓࡢᶵᲔⓗᛶ㉁(I) (୰ᔱⱥ㞝)“࣐ࢡࣟ࠾ࡼࡧࢼࣀ࣏࣮ࣛࢫ㔠ᒓࡢ㛤Ⓨ
᭱๓⥺”, ከ᰿ ṇ࿴, ࢩ࣮࢚࣒ࢩ࣮ฟ∧, (122-126) 2011.
[2]࣮ࣟࢱࢫᆺ࣏࣮ࣛࢫ㔠ᒓࡢᶵᲔⓗᛶ㉁(I) (୰ᔱⱥ㞝)“࣐ࢡࣟ࠾ࡼࡧࢼࣀ࣏࣮ࣛࢫ㔠ᒓࡢ㛤Ⓨ
᭱๓⥺”, ከ᰿ ṇ࿴, ࢩ࣮࢚࣒ࢩ࣮ฟ∧, (127-130) 2011.
[3]࣮ࣟࢱࢫᆺ࣏࣮ࣛࢫ㔠ᒓ㛫໬ྜ≀ࡢస〇࡜ᶵᲔⓗᛶ㉁ (୰ᔱⱥ㞝)“࣐ࢡࣟ࠾ࡼࡧࢼࣀ࣏࣮ࣛ
ࢫ㔠ᒓࡢ㛤Ⓨ᭱๓⥺”, ஭ᡭ ᣅဢࠊ୰ᔱ ⱥ㞝, ࢩ࣮࢚࣒ࢩ࣮ฟ∧, (44-48) 2011.
[4]࢞ࢫ໬ྜ≀⇕ศゎἲ࡟ࡼࡿ࣮ࣟࢱࢫᆺ࣏࣮ࣛࢫ㔠ᒓࡢ〇ἲ (୰ᔱⱥ㞝)“࣐ࢡࣟ࠾ࡼࡧࢼࣀ࣏
࣮ࣛࢫ㔠ᒓࡢ㛤Ⓨ᭱๓⥺”, ୰ᔱ ⱥ㞝ࠊ஭ᡭ ᣅဢ, ࢩ࣮࢚࣒ࢩ࣮ฟ∧, (37-42) 2011.
― 197 ―
[5]㔠ᒓࡢ㓟໬཯ᛂࢆ฼⏝ࡋࡓ㓟໬≀ࢼࣀ୰✵ᵓ㐀యࡢస〇 (୰ᔱⱥ㞝)“࣐ࢡࣟ࠾ࡼࡧࢼࣀ࣏࣮
ࣛࢫ㔠ᒓࡢ㛤Ⓨ᭱๓⥺”, ௰ᮧ 㱟௓, ࢩ࣮࢚࣒ࢩ࣮ฟ∧, (259-263) 2011.
[6]㧗ᅽ࢞ࢫࢆ⏝࠸ࡓ୍᪉ྥẼᏍࢆ᭷ࡍࡿ࣮ࣟࢱࢫᆺ࣏࣮ࣛࢫ㔠ᒓࡢ〇ἲ (୰ᔱⱥ㞝)“࣐ࢡࣟ࠾
ࡼࡧࢼࣀ࣏࣮ࣛࢫ㔠ᒓࡢ㛤Ⓨ᭱๓⥺”, ୰ᔱ ⱥ㞝, ࢩ࣮࢚࣒ࢩ࣮ฟ∧, (28-35) 2011.
[7]࣮ࣟࢱࢫᆺ࣏࣮ࣛࢫࢩࣜࢥࣥࡢస〇 (୰ᔱⱥ㞝)“࣐ࢡࣟ࠾ࡼࡧࢼࣀ࣏࣮ࣛࢫ㔠ᒓࡢ㛤Ⓨ᭱๓
⥺”, ୰ᔱ ⱥ㞝, ࢩ࣮࢚࣒ࢩ࣮ฟ∧, (50-53) 2011.
[8]࣮ࣟࢱࢫᆺ࣏࣮ࣛࢫ㔠ᒓࡢ྾㡢≉ᛶ (୰ᔱⱥ㞝)“࣐ࢡࣟ࠾ࡼࡧࢼࣀ࣏࣮ࣛࢫ㔠ᒓࡢ㛤Ⓨ᭱๓
⥺”, ୰ᔱ ⱥ㞝, ࢩ࣮࢚࣒ࢩ࣮ฟ∧, (138-140) 2011.
[9]Application of the Kirkendall effect to morphology control of nanowires: Morphology change from
metal nanowires to oxide nanotubes (Abbass Hashim), R. Nakamura. H. Nakajima, InTech, (101-116)
2011.
⛉Ꮫ◊✲㈝⿵ຓ㔠
ⱝᡭ◊✲㸦B㸧
஭ᡭ ᣅဢ
ዡᏛᐤ㝃㔠
ከ᰿ ṇ࿴
ከ᰿ ṇ࿴
஭ᡭ ᣅဢ
஭ᡭ ᣅဢ
୍᪉ྥᛶ࣏࣮ࣛࢫ㔠ᒓࡢ㔞⏘໬ᡭἲࡢ☜❧
༢఩㸸༓෇
2,470
♫ᅋἲே᪥ᮏ㕲㗰༠఍ ఍㛗 ཭⏣ 㝧
♫ᅋἲே᪥ᮏࢳࢱࣥ༠఍ ఍㛗 す⃝ ᗉ⸝
㖡ཬࡧ㖡ྜ㔠ᢏ⾡◊✲఍ ఍㛗 ᶫ⏣ 㝯㞝
♫ᅋἲே᪥ᮏ࢔࣑ࣝࢽ࣒࢘༠఍ ఍㛗 ྜྷཎ ṇ↷
2,000
400
300
300
ඛ➃ᐇ⿦ᮦᩱ◊✲ศ㔝
ཎⴭㄽᩥ
[1]Effect of Crystal Orientation on Mechanically Induced Sn Whiskers on Sn-Cu Plating, Yukiko
Mizuguchi, Yosuke Murakami, Shigetaka Tomiya, Tadashi Asai, Tomoya Kiga and Katsuaki Suganuma:
Journal of Electronic Materials, .
[2]Influence of crystallographic orientation of Sn-Ag-Cu on electromigration in flip-chip joint, Kiju
Lee*,Keun-Soo Kim,Yutaka Tsukada, Katsuaki Suganuma,Kimihiro Yamanaka, Soichi Kuritani,Minoru
Ueshima: Microelectron. Reliab, 51[12] (2011) 2290-2297.
[3]Sn whisker growth during thermal cycling, Katsuaki Suganuma*,Alongheng Baated,Keun-Soo Kim,:
Acta Materialia, 59[1] (2011) 7255–7267.
[4]Whisker Growth Behavior of Sn and Sn Alloy Lead-Free Finishes, Kyoko Hamasaki, Norio
Nemoto,Tsuyoshi Nakagawa,Alongheng Baated, Kyoko Hamasaki, Sun Sik Kim, Keun-Soo Kim,
Katsuaki Suganuma: J. ELECTRON. MATER., 40[11] (2011) 2278-2289.
[5]Influence of indium addition on electromigration behavior of solder joint, Lee Kiju*,Kim Keun-Soo;
Suganuma Katsuaki: J. MATER. RES., 26 (2011) 2624-2631.
[6]Low-temperature Low-pressure Die Attach with Hybrid Silver Particle Paste, K. Suganuma*, S.
Sakamoto, N. Kagami, D. Wakuda, K. -S. Kim, M. Nogi: Microelectron. Reliab, 52 (2011) 375–380.
[7]Inkjet-printed lines with well-defined morphologies and low electrical resistance on repellent
pore-structured polyimide films, Changjae Kim, Masaya Nogi*, Katsuaki Suganuma, Yo Yamato: ACS
Applied Materials & Interfaces, (2012) 2168–2173.
― 198 ―
[8]Printed Silver Nanowire Antennas with Low Signal Loss at High-Frequency Radio, Natsuki Komoda,
Masaya Nogi*, Katsuaki Suganuma, Kazuo Kohno, Yutaka Akiyama, Kanji Otsuka: Nanoscale, (2012) .
[9]Electrical conductivity enhancement in inkjet-printed narrow lines through gradual heating, Changjae
Kim, Masaya Nogi*, Katsuaki Suganuma: Journal of Micromechanics and Microengineering, 22 (2012) .
[10]Fabrication of Silver Nanowire Transparent Electrodes at Room Temperature, T. Tokuno, M. Nogi*,
M. Karakawa, J. Jiu, T. T. Nge, Y. Aso, K. Suganuma: Nano Research, .
[11]Printable and Stretchable Conductive Wirings Comprising Silver Flakes and Elastomer, T. Araki, M.
Nogi*, K. Suganuma, M. Kogure, O. Kirihara: IEEE Electron Device Lett., 32 (2011) 1424 - 1426.
[12]Synthesis and High-Temperature Thermoelectric Properties of Ni3GaSb and Ni3InSb, T. Suriwong, K.
Kurosaki, S. Thongtem, A. Harnwunggmoung, T. Sugahara*, T. Plirdpring, Y. Ohishi, H. Muta, and S.
Yamanaka: J. Alloys Compd, 509 (2011) 4014–4017.
[13]Synthesis and Thermal Conductivities of ZnIn2Te4 and CdIn2Te4 with Defect-Chalcopyrite Structure,
T. Suriwong, K. Kurosaki, S. Thongtem, A. Harnwunggmoung, T. Sugahara, T. Plirdpring, Y.: J. Alloys
Compd, 509 (2011) 7484–7487.
[14]High-Temperature Thermoelectric Properties of Cu2Ga4Te7 with Defect Zinc-Blende Structure, T.
Plirdpring, K. Kurosaki, A. Kosuga, M. Ishimaru, A. Harnwunggmoung, T. Sugahara, Y. Ohishi, H. Muta,
and S. Yamanaka: Appl. Phys. Lett., 98 (2011) 172104-1–172104-3.
[15]Thermoelectric Properties of Ga-added CoSb3 Based Skutterudites, A. Harnwunggmoung, K.
Kurosaki, T. Plirdpring, T. Sugahara, Y. Ohishi, H. Muta, and S. Yamanaka: J. Appl. Phys., 110 (2011)
013521-1–013521-5.
[16]Thermoelectric Properties of Ag1-xGaTe2 with Chalcopyrite Structure, A. Yusufu, K. Kurosaki, T.
Sugahara, Y. Ohishi, H. Muta, A. Kosuga, and S.Yamanaka: Appl. Phys. Lett., 99 (2011)
061902-1–061902-3.
[17]Structural and Semiconductor-to-Metal Transitions of Double-Perovskite Cobalt Oxide
Sr2-xLaxCoTiO6-į with Enhanced Thermoeletric Capability, T. Sugahara and M. Ohtaki: Appl. Phys.
Lett., 99 062107-1–062107-3.
[18]⇕ຊᏛᖹ⾮ィ⟬࡟ࡼࡿ୙⁐ゎṧ´ᶍᨃ≀㉁ Mo-Ru-Rh-Pd ྜ㔠ࡢ┦≧ែホ౯, ኱▼ భ἞㸪㯮
ᓮ ೺㸪Ⳣཎ ᚭ㸪ࣘࢫࣇ ࢚ࢡࣂࣝ㸪ṇᖹ ♸ு㸪∹⏣ ᾈ᫂㸪ᒣ୰ ఙ௓㸪㥖ᕊ ဴ㸪⚟஭ ᑑᶞ㸪
୰ᮧ ⿱⾜㸪㉺ᬛ ⱥ἞: ᪥ᮏཎᏊຊᏛ఍ㄅ, 11 (2012) 30-36.
[19]Thermoelectric Properties and Microstructures of AgSbTe2-added p-type Pb0.16Ge0.84Te, A. Yusufu,
K. Kurosaki, T. Sugahara, Ohishi, H. Muta, and S. Yamanaka: Physica Status Solidi (a), 209 (2012)
167-170.
[20]Structure and Thermoelectric Properties of Ca2-xSrxFeMoO6 (0 ” x ” 0.3) double-perovskite, T.
Sugahara, N. V. Nong, and M. Ohtaki: Mater. Chem. Phys., 133 (2012) 630-634.
ᅜ㝿఍㆟
[1]Low temperature die-attaching with silver particle pastes (invited), K. Suganuma, S. Sakamoto, N.
Kagami and M. Nogi: ASME 2011 Pacific Rim Technical Conference & Exposition on Packaging and
Integration of Elctronic and Photonic Systems, MEMS and NEMS.
[2]Properties of Silver Nanowire Transparent Electrodes Fabricated by a Coating Method (oral), T.
Takehiro, M. Nogi. , K. Suganuma: IEEE NANO 2011 Conference.
― 199 ―
[3]Effect of Ink Viscosity on Electrical Resistivity of Narrow Printed Silver Lines (oral), C. Kim, M. Nogi,
K.Suganuma: IEEE NANO 2011 Conference.
[4]Return Loss of Printed Silver Paste Lines with Different Filler Sizes and Their Surface Roughness
(oral), K. Natsuki, K. Suganuma, M. Nogi: IEEE NANO 2011 Conference.
[5]Growth mechanism of Sn whiskers in a vacuum and air with thermal cycling (oral), J.-L. Jo, K.-S. Kim,
K. Suganuma: MS&T 2011.
[6]Behaviors of Sn surface with whisker generation after thermal cycle (oral), J.-L. Jo, K. Lee, K.
Suganuma: International Symposium on materials Science and Innovaytion for Sustainable Society,
Eco-Materials and Eco-innovation for Global Sustainabilkity.
[7]Characteristics of die attach joints with Zn high temperature lead-free solders (oral), S.W. Park, K.
Suganuma: International Symposium on materials Science and Innovaytion for Sustainable Society,
Eco-Materials and Eco-innovation for Global Sustainabilkity.
[8]Advanced in wiring ink technology for printed electronics (Plenary), K.Suganuma: International
Symposium on Advanced Packaging Materials, IEEE CPMT.
[9]Heat-resistant die-attach technology for SiC (invited), K. Suganuma: Pb-free Workshop, TMS annual
meeting.
[10]Effect of Crystal Orientation on Mechanically Induced Sn Whiskers of Sn-Cu Platings (invited), Y.
Mizuguchi, Y. Murakami, S. Tomiya, T. Asai, T. Kiga, K. Suganuma: 2012 TMS Annual Meeting &
Exhibition.
[11]Preparation of rod-shaped and spherical Silvernanoparticles and application for Packaging materials
(oral), Jinting Jiu, Takehiro Tokuno, Masaya Nogi, Katsuaki Suganuma: ICEPT-HDP2011.
[12]Preparation of Ag Nanowires and Application in Optoelectronic Devices (oral), Jinting Jiu, Takehiro
Tokuno, Masaya Nogi, Katsuaki Suganuma: BIT's 1st Annual World Congress of Nano-S&T-2011.
ゎㄝࠊ⥲ㄝ
ࣉࣜࣥࢸࢵࢻ࣭࢚ࣞࢡࢺࣟࢽࢡࢫࡢࡓࡵࡢప 㓄⥺ᢏ⾡, Ⳣ἟ඞ᫛ࠊ⬟ᮌ㞞ஓࠊ㓇㔠፱ࠊᚨ㔝๛
኱ࠊⲨᮌᚭᖹ, ࢚ࣞࢡࢺࣟࢽࢡࢫᐇ⿦Ꮫ఍ㄅ, ࢚ࣞࢡࢺࣟࢽࢡࢫᐇ⿦Ꮫ఍, 14(6) (2011), 471-476.
ࣉࣜࣥࢸࢵࢻ࢚ࣞࢡࢺࣟࢽࢡࢫࡢࡍ࡭࡚ࠕࣉࣜࣥࢸࢵࢻ࢚ࣞࢡࢺࣟࢽࢡࢫࡀᐇ⌧ࡍࡿ᪂ࡓ࡞㟁
Ꮚࢹࣂ࢖ࢫࡢୡ⏺ࠖ, Ⳣ἟ඞ᫛, NIKKO Green MOOK, ᪥ᮏᕤᴗฟ∧, (2012), 1-5.
࢚ࣞࢡࢺࣟࢽࢡࢫศ㔝ࡢᑟ㟁ᛶ᥋╔๣ᢏ⾡, Ⳣ἟ඞ᫛ࠊ⬟ᮌ㞞ஓ, ໬Ꮫ࡜ᩍ⫱, ᪥ᮏ໬Ꮫ఍,
59(10) (2011), 496-499.
㖄ࣇ࣮ࣜࡣࢇࡔᐇ⿦ᢏ⾡ࡢ㧗௜ຍ౯್໬, Ⳣ἟ඞ᫛, ࣟ࣎ࢵࢺ, 203 (2011), 34-37.
ⷧࡃ㍍ࡃࢫࢺࣞࢵࢳࣕࣈࣝ࡟, Ⳣ἟ඞ᫛, ࢡ࣮ࣜࣥࢸࢡࣀࣟࢪ࣮, ᪥ᮏᕤᴗฟ∧, Vo.21 (2011),
68-71.
≉チ
[1]ࠕᑟ㟁ᛶ✚ᒙయཬࡧࡑࡢ〇㐀᪉ἲࠖⳢ἟ඞ᫛ࠊ㓇㔠ீࠊఀ⸨ᬕᙪࠊᑠ㛵㐩ே, ≉㢪 2011-119543
[2]ࠕ࣎࢖ࣛᗫ⇕฼⏝ࢩࢫࢸ࣒ࠖⳢ἟ඞ᫛ࠊ኱⏿ ᝴୍ࠊ༡㒊ಟኴ㑻ࠊఀ⸨ṇᙪࠊⰰᕝᏹࠊᯇୗ
㝯ὒ, ≉㢪 2011-131453
― 200 ―
[3]ࠕࢼࣀ⢏Ꮚࡢྜᡂ᪉ἲࠖⳢ἟ඞ᫛ࠊ㓇㔠ீࠊ⬟ᮌ㞞ஓ, ≉㢪 2011-123694
[4]ࠕᵓ㐀యࡢస〇᪉ἲࠖⳢ἟ඞ᫛ࠊ⬟ᮌ㞞ஓࠊᚨ㔝๛኱, ≉㢪 2011-287737
[5]ࠕ㖡ࣃࢱ࣮ࣥᙧᡂ⏝⤌ᡂ≀࠾ࡼࡧࡑࢀࢆ⏝࠸ࡓ㖡ࣃࢱ࣮ࣥࡢ〇㐀᪉ἲࠖⳢ἟ඞ᫛ࠊ⬟ᮌ㞞ஓࠊ
⳺⏣ኟᶞࠊጧ⩏ဴࠊ኱ᕌ▱அ, ≉㢪 2011-249949
[6]ࠕᑟ㟁ᛶ᥋╔๣ཬࡧࡑࢀࢆ౑⏝ࡋࡓ㟁ᏊᶵჾࠖⳢ἟ඞ᫛ࠊෆ⏣༤ࠊ⠛ᓮ◊஧ࠊ▼ᶫᆂᏕ, ≉㢪
2012-021897
[7]ࠕ㏱᫂ᑟ㟁⭷ࡢ〇㐀᪉ἲࠖⳢ἟ඞ᫛ࠊ⬟ᮌ㞞ஓࠊ㓇㔠ீࠊⳢཎᚭࠊෆ⏣༤ࠊ⠛ᓮ◊஧, ≉㢪
2012-053492
[8]ࠕᑟ㟁ࣃࢱ࣮ࣥᙧᡂ᪉ἲཬࡧග↷ᑕࡲࡓࡣ࣐࢖ࢡࣟἼຍ⇕࡟ࡼࡿᑟ㟁ࣃࢱ࣮ࣥᙧᡂ⏝⤌ᡂ≀ࠖ
Ⳣ἟ඞ᫛ࠊ⬟ᮌ㞞ஓࠊ㓇㔠ீࠊⳢཎᚭࠊෆ⏣༤ࠊ⸨⏣ಇ㞝, ≉㢪 2012-061816
[9]ࠕ㔠ᒓࢼࣀ࣡࢖࣮ࣖྵ᭷㏱᫂ᑟ㟁⭷ཬࡧࡑࡢሬᕸᾮࠖⳢ἟ඞ᫛ࠊ⬟ᮌ㞞ஓࠊ㓇㔠ீࠊᚨ㔝๛
኱ࠊ▼⏣⨾⧊ࠊ┦ிᾈᖾࠊᒣᕝ᭸Ꮚࠊ᪂ᐇ㧗᫂, ≉㢪 2012-076910
ᅜ㝿఍㆟ࡢ⤌⧊ጤဨࠊᅜ㝿㞧ㄅࡢ⦅㞟ጤဨ
Ⳣ἟ඞ᫛
The 12th International Conference on Electronic Packaging Technology & High
Density Packaging (ICEPT-HDP 2011), Shanghai, China, August 8-11( 2011).
(K.Suganuma)
Ⳣ἟ඞ᫛
International Symposium on Materials Science and Innovation for Sustainable
Society--- Eco-materials and Eco-innovation for Global Sustainability--- The 21st
Iketani Conference (ECO-MATES 2011), Nara, Nov.28-30 (2011). (K.Suganuma)
Ⳣ἟ඞ᫛
IEEE 11th International Conference on Nanotechnology(IEEE NANO 2011),
Portland, USA, August 15-18(2011). (K.Suganuma)
Ⳣ἟ඞ᫛
2011 International Symposium on Advanced Packaging Materials (APM 2011),
Xiamen, China, October 25-28, 2011 (K.Suganuma)
Ⳣ἟ඞ᫛
International Conference on Electronics Packaging (ICEP2011), Japan Institute of
Electronics Packaging/ IEEE CPMT Society Japan Chapter, Nara, April 13-15, 2011.
(K.Suganuma)
ᅜෆᏛ఍
᪥ᮏཎᏊຊᏛ఍ 2011 ᖺ⛅ࡢ኱఍
1௳
1௳
➨ 8 ᅇ᪥ᮏ⇕㟁Ꮫ఍
1௳
2012 ᖺ᫓Ꮨ ➨ 59 ᅇ ᛂ⏝≀⌮Ꮫ㛵ಀ㐃ྜㅮ₇఍
1௳
᪥ᮏཎᏊຊᏛ఍ 2012 ᖺ᫓ࡢ኱఍
1௳
PE ◊✲఍ ศ⛉఍
2௳
➨ 62 ᅇ᪥ᮏᮌᮦᏛ఍
3௳
➨ 26 ᅇ ࢚ࣞࢡࢺࣟࢽࢡࢫᐇ⿦Ꮫ఍ ᫓Ꮨㅮ₇኱఍
1௳
ࢭ࣮ࣝࣟࢫᏛ఍
1௳
➨ 175 ᅇ⏕Ꮡᅪࢩ࣏ࣥࢪ࣒࢘ ⏕Ꮡᅪ࣑ࢵࢩࣙࣥࢩ࣏ࣥࢪ࣒࢘
⛉Ꮫ◊✲㈝⿵ຓ㔠
༢఩㸸༓෇
ᇶ┙◊✲㸦㸿㸧 Ᏹᐂ⯟✵ᶵჾࡢࡍࡎ࢘࢕ࢫ࢝Ⓨ⏕ᡂ㛗࣓࢝ࢽࢬ࣒ࡢゎ᫂࡜
5,590
Ⳣ἟ ඞ᫛
ᢚไ
ᣮᡓⓗⴌⱆ◊✲ 㔠ᒓࢼࣀ࢖ࣥࢡ࡟ࡼࡿ኱Ẽ୰ᖖ ᥋ྜ
1,820
Ⳣ἟ ඞ᫛
ཷク◊✲
Ⳣ἟ ඞ᫛
ᑟ㟁ᛶ᥋╔๣᥋⥆ᢏ⾡
ᑟ㟁ᛶ᥋╔๣᥋⥆ᢏ⾡ࡢ◊✲
525
ࡢ◊✲
Ⳣ἟ ඞ᫛
ḟୡ௦ࣉࣜࣥࢸࢵࢻ࢚
༳ๅ㹒㹄㹒㞟✚ᅇ㊰⏝㓄⥺ࡢ㧗
30,000
― 201 ―
Ⳣ἟ ඞ᫛
Ⳣ἟ ඞ᫛
ዡᏛᐤ㝃㔠
Ⳣ἟ ඞ᫛
Ⳣ἟ ඞ᫛
Ⳣ἟ ඞ᫛
Ⳣ἟ ඞ᫛
Ⳣ἟ ඞ᫛
Ⳣ἟ ඞ᫛
Ⳣ἟ ඞ᫛
Ⳣ἟ ඞ᫛
ඹྠ◊✲
Ⳣ἟ ඞ᫛
Ⳣ἟
Ⳣ἟
Ⳣ἟
Ⳣ἟
Ⳣ἟
Ⳣ἟
Ⳣ἟
Ⳣ἟
Ⳣ἟
Ⳣ἟
Ⳣ἟
Ⳣ἟
Ⳣ἟
ඞ᫛
ඞ᫛
ඞ᫛
ඞ᫛
ඞ᫛
ඞ᫛
ඞ᫛
ඞ᫛
ඞ᫛
ඞ᫛
ඞ᫛
ඞ᫛
ඞ᫛
ࣞࢡࢺࣟࢽࢡࢫᮦᩱ࣭ࣉ
ࣟࢭࢫᇶ┙ᢏ⾡㛤Ⓨ
㹆㸰㸱ᖺᗘ┬࢚ࢿࣝࢠ
࣮㠉᪂ᢏ⾡㛤Ⓨ஦ᴗ
ࡳࡎ࡯᝟ሗ⥲◊ओ
࿘Ἴ≉ᛶྥୖࡢ◊✲㛤Ⓨ
࣮ࣞࢨ࣮⢭ᐦຍᕤࢆ⏝࠸ࡓḟୡ
௦࣐ࢫࢡ〇㐀ᢏ⾡ࡢ஦๓◊✲
▷᫬㛫ග↝⤖ἲࣉࣟࢭࢫࢆ⏝࠸
ࡓ㔠ᒓ㓄⥺ࠊ༙ᑟయ⏕ᡂࡢᐇ⏝
໬ᐇドᐇ㦂
1,417
350,000,000
ࢲ࢖ࢭࣝ໬Ꮫᕤᴗᰴᘧ఍♫ ᖖົᇳ⾜ᙺဨ ◊✲⤫ᣓ㒊㛗
ᓥ ᖾ἞
ࣂࣥࢻ࣮໬Ꮫᰴᘧ఍♫ R&D ࢭࣥࢱ࣮ ࢭࣥࢱ࣮㛗 ⏿
ඞᙪ
᫛࿴㟁ᕤᰴᘧ఍♫ ࢔࣑ࣝࢽ࣒࢘஦ᴗ㒊㛛 ෭༷ჾ஦ᴗ㛤Ⓨ
㒊㛗 ᫍ㔝 Ⰻ୍
ୖᮧᕤᴗᰴᘧ఍♫ ௦⾲ྲྀ⥾ᙺ♫㛗 ୖᮧ ᐶஓ
ᰴᘧ఍♫ᮾࣞࣜࢧ࣮ࢳࢭࣥࢱ࣮ ௦⾲ྲྀ⥾ᙺ♫㛗 ᯘ ೺
஧
኱㜰኱Ꮫ⏘ᴗ⛉Ꮫ◊✲ᡤ ࣉࣜࣥࢸࢵࢻ࢚ࣞࢡࢺࣟࢽࢡࢫ
◊✲఍
⣖ᕞᢏ◊ᕤᴗᰴᘧ఍♫ ௦⾲ྲྀ⥾ᙺ♫㛗 㔩୰⏠ᖸ
᪂᪥㚩໬Ꮫᰴᘧ఍♫ ࢳ࣮࣒᪂᪥໬ ࣉࣟࢪ࢙ࢡࢺ࣮ࣜࢲ
࣮
Siemens AG ༓ఫ㔠ᒓᕤ
ᴗओ ୖᮧᕤᴗओ
᪥Ἔओ
ୖᮧᕤᴗओ
ᐩኈ㏻ࢸࣥओ
ࢺࢵࣃ࣭ࣥࣇ࢛࣮࣒ࢬओ
⣖ᕞᢏ◊ᕤᴗओ
᫛࿴㟁ᕤओ
᪥ᮏ≉Ṧ㝡ᴗओ
ୖᮧᕤᴗओ
ᶓ὾ࢦ࣒ओ
ᶓ὾ࢦ࣒ओ
᪥ᮏ࢔ࣅ࢜ࢽࢡࢫओ
ᰴᘧ఍♫࢔࢖ࢸࢵࢡ
㹂㹇㹁ᰴᘧ఍♫
500
500
2,000
1,000
300
6,500
3,000
500
ඹྠ◊✲ࡣ ࢱ࢖ࢺࣝ࡜ෆᐜࡣ
ᥖ㍕ࡋࡲࡏࢇ
3,663
3,500
0
2,070
0
3,000
9,625
1,000
420
506
990
1,155
16,508
2,200
ບ㉳≀ᛶ⛉Ꮫ◊✲ศ㔝
ཎⴭㄽᩥ
[1]Transmission-electron diffraction with MeV electron pulses, Y. Murooka, N. Naruse, S. Sakakihara, M.
Ishimaru, J. Yang, and K. Tanimura: Appl. Phys. Lett, 98 (2011) 251903-1-3.
[2]Ultrafast relaxation of highly excited electrons in Si: Roles of the L-X intervalley scattering, T.
Ichibayashi, S. Tanaka, J. Kanasaki, K. Tanimura, and Th. Fauster: Phys. Rev. B, 84 (2011)
235210-1-11.
[3]Unoccupied dimer-bond state at Si(001) surfaces, Th. Fauster, S. Tanaka
B, 84 (2011) 235444-1-5.
and K. Tanimura: Phys. Rev.
[4]Femtosecond pulse radiolysis and femtosecond electron diffraction, J. Yang, K. Kan, T. Kondo, Y.
Yoshida, K. Tanimura and J. Urakawa: Nucl. Instrum. Method A, 637 (2011) S24-S29.
― 202 ―
[5]The role of applied bias and tip electronic structure in the scanning tunneling microscopy imaging of
highly oriented pyrolytic graphite, G. Teobaldi, E. Inami, J. Kanasaki, K. Tanimura, and A. Shluger:
Phys. Rev. B, 85 (2012) 085433-1-15.
[6]Photoabsorption properties of ȕ-FeSi2 nanoislands grown on Si(111) and Si(001): Dependence on
substrate orientation studied by nano-spectroscopic measurements, Nobuyasu Naruse, Yoshiaki Nakamura,
Yutaka Mera, Masakazu Ichikawa, Koji Maeda: Thin Solid Films , 519 (2011) 8477-8479.
[7]Intact-sheet double-layer ablation induced by femtosecond-laser excitation of graphite, H. Ohnishi, E.
Inami, and J. Kanasaki: Surf. Sci., 605 (2011) 1494-1499.
[8]Scanning tunneling microscopic studies of laser-induced modifications of Si(001)-(2x1) surface, K.
Yasui and J. Kanasaki: J. Appl. Phys., 110 (2011) 103516-1-10.
[9]Observation of anomalous peaks in the photoelectron spectra of highly oriented pyrolytic graphite:
Folding of the band due to the surface charge density wave transition, S. Tanaka, M. Matsunami and S.
Kimura: Phys. Rev. B, 84 (2011) 121411(R)-1-4.
[10]Ultrafast Capture of the Hot Electron by the Surface Defects on the Si (001) Surface, S. Tanaka: Surf.
Sci., 606 (2012) 407-413.
ᅜ㝿఍㆟
[1]Excitonic Instability and Photoinduced Structural Phase Transition (invited), K. Tanimura: The 4th
International Conference on Photo-induced phase transitions and cooperative phenomena.
[2]Transmission electron diffraction by MeV electron pulses with fs-temporal resolution (invited), K.
Tanimura: Banff Meeting on Structural Dynamics: Ultrafast Dynamics with X rays and Electrons.
[3]Formation and Growth of interlayer sp3-bonded carbon nano-domains induced by femtosecond laser
excitation of graphite (poster), E. Inami, J. Kanasaki, and K. Tanimura: International Symposium on
Surface Science - Towards Nano-, Bio-, and Green Innovation -.
[4]Fs-laser induced exfoliation of intact graphene doubly-layers from graphite (poster), J. Kanasaki, H.
Ohnishi, E. Inami, K. Tanimura, and K. Nasu: International Symposium on Surface Science - Towards
Nano-, Bio-, and Green Innovation -.
[5]Angle-resolved low-energy photoemission study of electronic structure of Si(111)-7x7 (poster), J.
Kanasaki, K. Tanimura, Y. Morikawa, and T. Fauster: International Symposium on Surface Science Towards Nano-, Bio-, and Green Innovation -.
[6]Laser-induced modifications of Si(001)-(2x1) surface studied by means of Scanning Tunneling
Microscope (poster), J. Kanasaki, K. Katoh, Y. Imanishi, and K. Yasui: International Symposium on
Surface Science - Towards Nano-, Bio-, and Green Innovation -.
[7]Femotscond RF gun based MeV electron diffraction (invited), J. Yang, K. Kan, N. Naruse, Y. Murooka,
Y. Yoshida, K. Tanimura: 2011 Particle Accelerator Conference.
[8]Femtosecond Photoinjector and Relativistic Electron Microscopy (oral), J. Yang, K. Kan, N. Naruse, Y.
Murooka, Y. Yoshida, K. Tanimura: 2nd International Particle Accelerator Conference.
ゎㄝࠊ⥲ㄝ
ᴟ▷ࣃࣝࢫ㧗࿘Ἴ㟁Ꮚ㖠, ᳿㔠ᓠ, Ⳣ᫭୍, ㏆⸨Ꮥᩥ, ᐊᒸ⩏ᰤ, ᡂ℩ᘏᗣ, ྜྷ⏣㝧୍, ㇂ᮧඞᕫ,
ᾆᕝ㡰஧, Journal of Vacuum Society of Japan, 55 (2011), 42-49.
― 203 ―
ග STM ࠾ࡼࡧ STM ࣇ࣮࢚ࣜኚ᥮ࢼࣀࢫ࣌ࢡࢺࣟࢫࢥࣆ࣮, ┠Ⰻ ⿱, ᡂ℩ ᘏᗣ, ๓⏣ ᗣ஧, ⾲
㠃⛉Ꮫ, 32 (2011), 779-784.
⛉Ꮫ◊✲㈝⿵ຓ㔠
≉ู᥎㐍◊✲
㇂ᮧ ඞᕫ
ᇶ┙◊✲㸦C㸧
㔠ᓮ 㡰୍
ⱝᡭ◊✲㸦B㸧
ᡂ℩ ᘏᗣ
ගㄏ㉳ᵓ㐀┦㌿⛣ືຊᏛࡢ◊✲
༢఩㸸༓෇
77,090
ࣇ࢙࣒ࢺ⛊᫬㛫ศゎග㟁Ꮚศගἲ࡟ࡼࡿ༙ᑟయ౯㟁ᏊṇᏍ
⣔ࡢ㉸㧗㏿ືຊᏛ
㟁Ꮚ⥺࣍ࣟࢢࣛࣇ࢕࣮࡟ࡼࡿග㟁ሙ࣭㟼㟁ሙࡢࢼࣀ࢖࣓࣮
ࢪࣥࢢ
2,860
650
㔞Ꮚࣅ࣮࣒Ⓨ⏕⛉Ꮫ◊✲ศ㔝
ཎⴭㄽᩥ
[1]Feed-forward control of the amplitude and the phase of a high-power RF pulse based on the overdrive
technique, K. Kawase, Y. Morio, Y. Kon, M. Fujimoto, S. Hirata, J. Shen, R. Kato, A. Irizawa, G. Isoyama,
S. Kashiwagi: Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physicd Research A, 679 (2012) 44.
[2]Development of a sub-MeV X-ray source via Compton backscattering, K. Kawase, M. Kando, T.
Hayakawa, I. Daito, S. Kondo, T. Homma, T. Kameshima, H. Kotaki, L.-M. Chen, Y. Fukuda, A. Faenov,
T. Shizuma, T. Shimomura, H. Yoshida, R. Hajima, M. Fujiwara, S.V. Bulanov, T. Kimura, T. Tajima:
Nuclear Instruments and Methods Physics Research A, 637 (2011) S141-S143.
[3]Longitudinal phase-space and transverse slice emittance measurements of high-brightness electron
beams at ISIR, Osaka University, R. Kato, S. Kashiwagi, Y. Morio, K. Furuhashi, Y. Terasawa, G.
Isoyama: Nuclear Instruments and Methods Physics Research A, 637 (2011) S80-S82.
[4]Direct observation of a pressure-induced metal-insulator transition in LiV2O4 by optical studies, A.
Irizawa, S. Suga, G. Isoyama, K. Shimai, K. Sato, K. Iizuka, T. Nanba, A. Higashiya, S. Niitaka, and H.
Takagi: Physical Review B, 84 (2011) 235116.
[5]L-band Photocathode RF gun at KEK-STF, H. Sugiyama, Y. Takahashi, H. Hayano, J. Urakawa, S.
Kashiwagi, G. Isoyama, R. Kato, N. Sugimoto and M. Kuriki: Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 298
(2011) 12015.
[6]Soft-X-Ray Harmonic Comb from Relativistic Electron Spikes, A.S. Pirozhkov, M. Kando, T.Zh.
Esirkepov, P. Gallegos, H. Ahmed, E.N. Ragozin, A.Ya. Faenov, T.A. Pikuz, T. Kawachi, A. Sagisaka, J.K.
Koga, M. Coury, J. Green, P. Foster, C. Brenner, B. Dromey, D.R. Symes, M. Mori, K.Kawase, T.
Kameshima, Y. Fukuda, L. Chen, I. Daito, K. Ogura, Y. Hayashi, H. Kotaki, H. Kiriyama, H. Okada, N.
Nishiuchi, T. Imazono, K. Kondo, T. Kimura, T. Tajima, H. Daido, P. Rajeev, P. McKenna, M. Borghesi,
D. Neely, Y. Kato, and S.V. Bulanov: Physical Review Letters, 108 (2012) 135004.
[7]Efficient generation of Xe K-shell x rays by high-contrast interaction with submicrometer clusters,
Yukio Hayashi, Alexander S. Pirozhkov, Masaki Kando, Yuji Fukuda, Anatoly Faenov, Keigo Kawase,
Tatiana Pikuz, Tatsufumi Nakamura, Hiromitsu Kiriyama, Hajime Okada, and Sergei V. Bulanov: Optics
Letters, 36 (2011) 1614.
[8]Candidate for the 2+ excited Hoyle state sat Ex ~ 10 MeV in 12C, M. Itoh, H. Akimune, M. Fujiwara,
U. Garg, N. Hashimoto, T. Kawabata, K. Kawase, S. Kishi, T. Murakami, K. Nakanishi, Y. Nakatsugawa,
B.K. Nayak, S. Okumura, H. Sakaguchi, H. Takeda, S. Terashima, M. Uchida, Y. Yasuda, M. Yosoi, and J.
Zenihiro: Physical Review C, 84 (2011) 54308.
[9]Effect of the Laser Contrast Ratio within Picosecond Timescales on Generating a High-Quality
Electron Beam by Laser-Plasma Interaction, Hideyuki Kotaki, Masaki Kando, Izuru Daitio, Takashi
― 204 ―
Kameshima, Keigo Kawase, Liming Chen, Yuji Fukuda, James k. Koga, Hiromitsu Kiriyama, Shuji
Kondo, Shuhei Kanazawa, Yoshiki Nakai, Takuya Shimomura, Manabu Tanoue, Atsushi Akutsu, Hajime
Okada, Tomohiro Motomura, and Sergei V. Bulanov: Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, 50 (2011)
66401.
[10]Electronic-Structure-Driven Magnetic Ordering in a Kondo Semiconductor CeOs2Al10, Shin-ichi
Kimura, Takuya Iizuka, Hidetoshi Miyazaki, Akinori Irizawa, Yuji Muro, and Toshiro Takabatake:
Physical Review Letters, 106 (2011) 5604.
[11]Optical Study of charge instability in CeRu2Al10 in comparison with CeOs2Al10 and CeFe2Al10, S.
Kimura, T. Iizuka, H. Miyazaki, T. Hajiri, M. Matsunami, T. Mori, A. Irizawa, Y. Muro, J. Kajino, and T.
Takabatake: Physical Review B, 84 (2011) 165125.
ᅜ㝿఍㆟
[1]RF Processing of L-band RF gun for KEK-STF (poster), M. Kuriki, H. Iijima, Y. Masumoto, G.
Isoyama, R. Kato, K. Watanabe, H. Hayano, H. Sugiyama, J. Urakawa, Y. Takahashi, S. Kashiwagi: The
2nd International Particle Accelerator Conference (IPAC2011), San Sebastian, Spain,4 to 9 September,
2011.
ᅜ㝿఍㆟ࡢ⤌⧊ጤဨࠊᅜ㝿㞧ㄅࡢ⦅㞟ጤဨ
ຍ⸨ 㱟ዲ
The 34th International Free-Electron Laser Conference (FEL2012), Nara, Japan,
August 26-31, 2012 (ᅜෆᐇ⾜ጤဨ)
ᅜෆᏛ఍
᪥ᮏຍ㏿ჾᏛ఍
8௳
3௳
᪥ᮏ≀⌮Ꮫ఍
1௳
᪥ᮏᨺᑕගᏛ఍
4௳
FEL ࡜ High-Power Radiation ◊✲఍
ྲྀᚓᏛ఩
ಟኈ㸦⌮Ꮫ㸧
㐲㉥እ⮬⏤㟁Ꮚ࣮ࣞࢨ࣮ࡢἼ㛗ࢫ࣌ࢡࢺࣝࡢ◊✲
ỿ ᮽ㸦ഔ㸧
ಟኈ㸦⌮Ꮫ㸧
᫬㛫㍈࡛ぢࡿࢥࣄ࣮ࣞࣥࢺࢩࣥࢡࣟࢺࣟࣥᨺᑕࡢ≉ᛶ
ᖹ⏣ ⚈
ಟኈ㸦⌮Ꮫ㸧
ᗈ࠸㡿ᇦ࡛ࡢ FEL ࣃ࣮࣡Ⓨᒎ ᐃ࡟ࡼࡿቑᖜ⋡ࡢホ౯
⸨ᮏ ᑘ㍤
⛉Ꮫ◊✲㈝⿵ຓ㔠
༢఩㸸༓෇
ᇶ┙◊✲㸦C㸧
㧗᫬㛫ศゎࢫࣛ࢖ࢫ࢚࣑ࢵࢱࣥࢫ ᐃᡭἲࡢ㛤Ⓨ
780
ຍ⸨ 㱟ዲ
ⱝᡭ◊✲㸦B㸧
኱ᙉᗘ㏫ࢥࣥࣉࢺ࣐ࣥ࢞ࣥ⥺※ࡢࡓࡵࡢ㸰㞟ගⅬ࣮ࣞࢨ࣮
910
ᕝ℩ ၨᝅ
Ⓨ᣺ჾࡢ㛤Ⓨ
ᇶ┙◊✲㸦C㸧
ከඖᴟ㝈ୗ࡟࠾ࡅࡿᚤᑠ㡿ᇦศගࡢ㧗ᗘ໬࡜ᙉ┦㛵㟁Ꮚ≀
1,040
ධ⃝ ᫂඾
ᛶࡢゎ᫂
ඹྠ◊✲
☾ᒣ ᝅᮁ
᪥ᮏ㟁Ẽᰴᘧ఍♫
ࢸࣛ࣊ࣝࢶ࣓࢝ࣛࡢᛶ⬟ホ౯࡟
550
㛵ࡍࡿ◊✲
ࡑࡢ௚ࡢ➇தⓗ◊✲㈨㔠
☾ᒣ ᝅᮁ
኱Ꮫඹྠ฼⏝ᶵ㛵ἲே 㧗࢚ࢿࣝࢠ࣮ຍ㏿ჾ◊✲ᶵᵓ 㜰኱⏘◊㹊ࣂ
3,000
ࣥࢻ㟁Ꮚࣛ࢖
ࢼࢵࢡࡢ᭦᪂
ࡢࡓࡵࡢᢏ⾡
㛤Ⓨ࡜ⱝᡭ⫱
ᡂ
― 205 ―
㔞Ꮚࣅ࣮࣒≀㉁⛉Ꮫ◊✲ศ㔝
ཎⴭㄽᩥ
[1]Protein Conformational Changes in the Oxidative-Stress Sensor, SoxR, upon Redox Change of the
[2Fe-2S] Cluster Probed with Ultraviolet Resonance Raman Spectroscopy, K. Kobayashi, M. Mizuno, M.
Fujikawa, Y. Mizutani: Biochemistry, 50 (2011) 9468-9474.
[2]Identification and functional and spectral characterization of a globin-coupled histidine kinase from
Anaeromyxobacter sp. Fw109-5, K. Kitanishi, K. Kobayashi, T. Uchida, K. Ishimori, J. Igarashi, T.
Shimizu: J. Biol. Chem., 286 (2011) 35522-35534.
[3]A hydrogen-bonding network formed by the B10-E7-E11 residues of a truncated hemoglobin from
Tetrahymena pyriformis is critical for stability of bound oxygen and nitric oxide detoxification, J. Igarashi,
K. Kobayashi, A. Matsuoka: J. Biol. Inorg. Chem., 16 (2011) 599-609.
[4]Dissolution Kinetics in Chemically Amplified EUV Resist, H. Yamamoto, T. Kozawa, S. Tagawa, T.
Mimura, T. Iwai, and J. Onodera: J. Photopolym. Sci. Technol., 24 (2011) 405-410.
[5]Study on positive-negative inversion of chlorinated resist materials, T.G. Oyama, A. Oshima, H.
Yamamoto, S. Tagawa, M. Washio: Appl. Phys. Express, 4 (2011) 076501/1-076501/3.
[6]Nanofabrication of sulfonated polystyrene-g-FEP with silver ion (Ag+) using ion beam direct etching
and reduction, H. Tsumokura, A. Oshima, T.G. Oyama, H. Yamamoto, T. Murakami, S. Tagawa, M.
Washio: J. Photopolym. Sci. Technol., 24 (2011) 513-516.
[7]Wavelength Dependence of Lithography Resolution in Extreme Ultraviolet Region, T. Kozawa, T.
Itani: Appl. Phys. Express, 4 (2011) 126501/1-126501/3.
[8]Backexposure Effect in Chemically Amplified Resist Process upon Exposure to Extreme Ultraviolet
Radiation, T. Kozawa, S. Tagawa, R. Ohnishi, T. Endo, R. Sakamoto: Jpn. J. Appl. Phys., 50 (2011)
016504/1-016504/6.
[9]Feasibility Study of Chemically Amplified Resists for Short Wavelength Extreme Ultraviolet
Lithography, T. Kozawa, A. Erdmann: Appl. Phys. Express, 4 (2011) 026501/1-026501/3.
[10]Optimum Dissolution Point of Chemically Amplified Resists in Terms of Trade-Off Relationships
between Resolution, Line Edge Roughness, and Sensitivity, T. Kozawa, H. Yamamoto, S. Tagawa: Jpn. J.
Appl. Phys., 50 (2011) 026502/1-026502/5.
[11]Thermalization Distance of Electrons Generated in Poly(4-hydroxystyrene) Film Containing Acid
Generator upon Exposure to Extreme Ultraviolet Radiation, T. Kozawa, S. Tagawa: Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.,
50 (2011) 030209/1-030209/3.
[12]Relationship of Electron Diffusion Length to Line Edge Roughness in Chemically Amplified Extreme
Ultraviolet Resists, T. Kozawa, S. Tagawa: Jpn. J. Appl. Phys., 50 (2011) 036505/1-036505/5.
[13]Dynamics of Radical Cation of Poly(styrene acrylate)-Based Chemically Amplified Resist for
Extreme Ultraviolet and Electron Beam Lithography, Y. Tajima, K. Okamoto, T. Kozawa, S. Tagawa, R.
Fujiyoshi, T. Sumiyoshi: Jpn. J. Appl. Phys., 50 (2011) 06GD03/1-06GD03/3.
[14]Determination of Optimum Thermalization Distance Based on Trade-off Relationship between
Resolution, Line Edge Roughness, and Sensitivity of Chemically Amplified Extreme Ultraviolet Resists,
T. Kozawa, S. Tagawa: J. Photopolym. Sci. Technol., 24 (2011) 137-142.
[15]Effect of Acid Generator Decomposition during Exposure on Acid Image Quality of Chemically
― 206 ―
Amplified Extreme Ultraviolet Resists, T. Kozawa and S. Tagawa: Jpn. J. Appl. Phys., 50 (2011)
076505/1-076505/6.
[16]Assessment and Extendibility of Chemically Amplified Resists for Extreme Ultraviolet Lithography:
Consideration of Nanolithography beyond 22nm Half-Pitch, T. Kozawa, H. Oizumi, T. Itani, and S.
Tagawa: Jpn. J. Appl. Phys., 50 (2011) 076503/1-076503/7.
[17]Geminate Charge Recombination in Liquid Alkane with Concentrated CCl4: Effects of CCl4 Radical
Anion and Narrowing of Initial Distribution of Cl, A. Saeki, N. Yamamoto, Y. Yoshida, and T. Kozawa,: J.
Phys. Chem. A, 115 (2011) 10166-10173.
[18]Electron Beam Lithography Using Highly Sensitive Negative Type of Plant-Based Resist Material
Derived from Biomass on Hardmask Layer, S. Takei, A. Oshima, A. Sekiguchi, N. Yanamori, M.
Kashiwakura, T. Kozawa, and S. Tagawa: Appl. Phys. Express, 4 (2011) 106502/1-106502/3.
[19]Theoretical Study of Exposure Latitude of Chemically Amplified Resists Used for Extreme
Ultraviolet Lithography, T. Kozawa and S. Tagawa: Jpn. J. Appl. Phys., 50 (2011) 106502/1-106502/5.
[20]Analysis of Dose-Pitch Matrices of Line Width and Edge Roughness of Chemically Amplified
Fullerene Resist, T. Kozawa, H. Oizumi, T. Itani, and S. Tagawa: Jpn. J. Appl. Phys., 50 (2011)
126501/1-126501/5.
ᅜ㝿఍㆟
[1]ᴟ➃⣸እගࣜࢯࢢࣛࣇ࢕࣮⏝ࣞࢪࢫࢺ㛤Ⓨ, ྂ⃝ Ꮥᘯ: ගᏛ, ᪥ᮏගᏛ఍ (A publication of
The Optical Soiety of Japan) (144-148) 41.
[2]Photoelectron spectra of polystyrene derivative for chemically amplified EUV resist studied by X-ray
Photoelectron Spectroscopy (XPS) and ultraviolet photoelectron spectroscopy (UPS) (oral), H. Yamamoto,
T. Kozawa, S. Tagawa: RadTech Asia 2011,20-23 June,2011,Tokyo.
[3]Study on Dissolution Behavior of Polymer bound PAG and blended PAG Resists by using Quartz
Crystal Microbalance Method (poster), H. Yamamoto, T. Kozawa, S. Tagawa,: 24th International
Microprocesses and Nanotechnology Conference,Oct. 30-Nov. 2, 2012, Kobe Meriken Park Oriental
Hotel, Kobe, Japan.
[4]Disolution Kinetics and Deprotection Reaction in Chemically Amplified EUV Resists (poster), H.
Yamamoto, T. Kozawa, S. Tagawa, T. Mimura, T. Iwai, and J. Onodera: 2011 International Symposium on
Extreme Ultraviolet Lithography,October 17, 2011, Miami.
[5]Dissolution Kinetics and Deprotection Reaction in Chemically Amplified Resists upon Exposure to
Extreme Ultraviolet Radiation (poster), H. Yamamoto, T. Kozawa, S. Tagawa, T. Mimura, T. Iwai, and J.
Onodera: The 12th Pacific Polymer Conference,13-17 November,2011,Jeju,Korea.
[6]Solvated Electron Reaction with Some Polymer Bound Acid Generators or New Acid Generators
(poster), Ravi Joshi, Hiroki Yamamoto, Kazuyuki Enomoto and Seiichi Tagawa: 24th International
Microprocesses and Nanotechnology Conference,Oct. 30-Nov. 2, 2012, Kobe Meriken Park Oriental
Hotel, Kobe, Japan.
[7]Study on Resist Performance of Polymer Bounded Photo-acid Generators (PAG) and blended PAG
(poster), Dang Nguyen Tuan, Hiroki Yamamoto and Seiichi Tagawa: 24th International Microprocesses
and Nanotechnology Conference,Oct. 30-Nov. 2, 2012, Kobe Meriken Park Oriental Hotel, Kobe, Japan.
[8]Determination of Optimum Thermalization Distance Based on Trade-off Relationship between
Resolution, Line Edge Roughness, and Sensitivity of Chemically Amplified Extreme Ultraviolet Resists
― 207 ―
(oral), T. Kozawa, S. Tagawa: 28th International Conference of Photopolymer Science and
Technology,21-24 June,2011,Chiba University.
[9]Reaction of thermalized electrons in resist materials (invited), T. Kozawa: 14th International Congress
of Radiation Research,August 27-September 2, 2011,Warsaw, Poland.
[10]Location Control of Nanoparticles Using the Combination of Top-down and Bottom-up
Nano-fabrication (poster), H. Yamamoto㸪A. Ohnuma㸪T. Kozawa, B.Ohtani: CRC International
Symposium on Green & Sustainable Catalysis: from Theoretical and Fundamental Aspects to Catalyst
Design,January 26-27, Hokkaido University.
[11]Limit of Line Edge Roughness at High Exposure Dose in Chemically Amplified Resists (oral), T.
Kozawa: 24th International Microprocesses and Nanotechnology Conference,Oct. 30-Nov. 2, 2012, Kobe
Meriken Park Oriental Hotel, Kobe, Japan.
[12]Wavelength Dependence of Lithography Resolution in Extreme Ultraviolet Region (oral), T. Kozawa,
T. Itani: 2011 International Symposium on Extreme Ultraviolet Lithography,October 17, 2011 at 8:00
AM - October 19, 2011,Miami.
[13]Theoretical study of 11-nm-fabrication using 6.67-nm EUV lithography (oral), T. Kozawa, A.
Erdmann: 9th Fraunhofer IISB Lithography simulation Workshop,September 15 - 17, 2011 in Hersbruck.
[14]Modeling and Simulation of Acid Diffusion in Chemically Amplified Resists with Polymer-Bound
Acid Generator (oral), T. Kozawa, J. J. Santillan, and T. Itan: 2012 SPIE Advanced Lithography,24 - 28
February 2013,, United States.
ᅜ㝿఍㆟ࡢ⤌⧊ጤဨࠊᅜ㝿㞧ㄅࡢ⦅㞟ጤဨ
ྂ⃝ Ꮥᘯ
24th International Microprocesses and Nanotechnology Conference (ࣉࣟࢢ࣒ࣛጤ
ဨ)
ྂ⃝ Ꮥᘯ
2011 EUVL Symposium (⤌⧊ጤဨ)
ྂ⃝ Ꮥᘯ
2011 EUVL Workshop (⤌⧊ጤဨ)
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᪥ᮏ⏕໬Ꮫ఍
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ࣃࣝࢫࣛࢪ࢜ࣜࢩࢫἲ࡟ࡼࡿ㓟໬ࢫࢺࣞࢫᛂ⟅㌿෗ᅉᏊࡢᛂ⟅ᶵᵓࡢゎ᫂
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13,260
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1,170
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㹃㹓㹔࣐ࢫࢡ᳨
ᰝ⿦⨨࣭ࣞࢪࢫ
ࢺᮦᩱᇶ┙ᢏ⾡
― 208 ―
㛤Ⓨ
ඹྠ◊✲
ྂ⃝ Ꮥᘯ
ྂ⃝ Ꮥᘯ
᪥⏘໬Ꮫᕤᴗओ
Taiwan Aemiconductor
Manufacturing
EUV ග↷ᑕ࡟ࡼࡿࣞࢪࢫࢺୗᒙ
⭷ࡢ≉ᛶ࡜྾཰ಀᩘ ᐃἲࡢ◊
✲
Electron beam resist
characterizations
1,000
0
ບ㉳ศᏊ໬Ꮫ◊✲ศ㔝
ཎⴭㄽᩥ
[1]Evidence for Crystal-Face-Dependent TiO2 Photocatalysis from Single-Molecule Imaging and Kinetic
Analysis, T. Tachikawa, S. Yamashita, and T. Majima: J. Am. Chem. Soc., 133 (18) (2011) 7197-7204.
[2]Direct Measurement of the Dynamics of Excess Electron Transfer through Consecutive Thymine
Sequence in DNA, M. J. Park, M. Fujitsuka, K. Kawai, and T. Majima: J. Am. Chem. Soc. (Commun.),
133 (39) (2011) 15320–15323.
[3]Probing the Charge-Transfer Dynamics in DNA at the Single-Molecule Level, K. Kawai, E. Matsutani,
A. Maruyama, and T. Majima: J. Am. Chem. Soc., 133 (39) (2011) 15568–15577.
[4]pH-induced Intramolecular Folding Dynamics of i-motif DNA, J. Choi, S. Kim, T. Tachikawa, M.
Fujitsuka, and T. Majima: J. Am. Chem. Soc., 133 (40) (2011) 16146–16153.
[5]Structural Relaxation in the Singlet Excited State of Star-Shaped Oligofluorenes having a Truxene or
Isotruxene as a Core, M. Fujitsuka, D. W. Cho, H.-H. Huang, J.-Sha Yang, and T. Majima: J. Phys. Chem.
B, 115 (46) (2011) 13502-13507.
[6]Self-assembly of Polydeoxyadenylic Acid Studied at the Single-Molecule Level, S. Kim, J. Choi, and
T. Majima: J. Phys. Chem. B, 115 (51) (2011) 15399-15405.
[7]HOMO Energy Gap Dependence of Hole-Transfer Kinetics in DNA, K. Kawai, M. Hayashi, and T.
Majima: J. Am. Chem. Soc., 134 (10) (2012) 4806–4811.
[8]Single-molecule charge transfer dynamics in dye-sensitized p-type NiO solar cells: influences of
insulating Al2O3 layers, Z. Bian, T. Tachikawa, S.-C. Cui, M. Fujitsuka, and T. Majima: Chem. Sci., 3 (2)
(2012) 370-379.
[9]Photocatalytic oxidation surfaces on anatase TiO2 crystal revealed by single-particle
chemiluminescence imaging, T. Tachikawa and T. Majima: Chem. Commun., 48 (27) (2012) 3300-3302.
[10]S2 emission from chemically modified BODIPYs, D. W. Cho, M. Fujitsuka, J. H. Ryu, M. H. Lee, H.
K. Kim, T. Majima, and C. Im: Chem. Commun., 48 (28) (2012) 3424-3426.
[11]Interfacial electron transfer dynamics in dye-modified graphene oxide nanosheets studied by
single-molecule fluorescence spectroscopy, T. Tachikawa, S.-C. Cui, M. Fujitsuka, and T. Majima: Phys.
Chem. Chem. Phys., 14 (12) (2012) 4244-4249.
[12]Generation of Singlet Oxygen during Photosensitized One-Electron Oxidation of DNA, Y. Osakada,
K. Kawai, T. Tachikawa, M. Fujitsuka, K. Tainaka, S. Tero-Kubota, and T. Majima: Chem. Eur. J., 18 (4)
(2012) 1060-1063.
[13]Excess-Electron Injection and Transfer in Terthiophene-Modified DNA: Terthiophene as a
Photosensitizing Electron Donor for Thymine, Cytosine, and Adenine, M. J. Park, M. Fujitsuka, K. Kawai,
and T. Majima: Chem. Eur. J., 18 (7) (2012) 2056-2062.
― 209 ―
ᅜ㝿఍㆟
[1]DNA wire (invited), T. Majima: 4th Inter WCU Symp Nanobio Materials & Electronics
(WCU-04)/Joint Inst NanoBio-Technology/Univ Münster, Germany, MPI for Molecular Biomedicine &
CeNTech/JINBiT, Münster, Germany, May 4-8, 2011.
[2]International Workshop on Nanoplasmonics for Energy and the Environment (invited), T. Majima:
International Workshop on Nanoplasmonics for Energy and the Environment, Sanxenxo, Spain, June 8-10,
2011.
[3]DNA Nanowire (invited), T. Majima: Symposium Bio-inspired Materials and Functionalities,
Groningen, NL, June 21-22, 2011.
[4]Photoinduced Electron Transfer in a Quantum Dot–Cucurbituril Complex (invited), T. Majima: 2nd
International Conference on Cucurbiturils, Cambridge, UK, June 29-July 2, 2011.
[5]Single base mismatch detection based on the charge transfer in DNA (invited), T. Majima: ERC
International Symposium 2011, Medical Diagnosis using Bionano sensor, Ansan, Korea, July 8, 2011.
[6]Unfolding Dynamics of Cytochrome c Revealed by Single-Molecule and Ensemble-Averaged
Spectroscopy (poster), J. Choi, S. Kim, T. Tachikawa, M. Fujitsuka, and *T. Majima: 5th Asia Oceania
Conference on Photobiology, Nara, Japan, July 30-Aug. 1, 2011.
[7]Single-Molecule Imaging of TiO2 Photocatalytic Reactions (invited), T. Majima: 15th International
Conference on Photochemistry, Beijing, China, Aug. 7-12, 2011.
[8]Charge Transfer in DNA (invited), T. Majima: 14th Intl Congress of Radiation Research, Warsaw,
Poland, Aug. 28-31, 2011.
[9]Charge Transfer in DNA (invited), T. Majima: 1st International Conference on Bioinspired Solar
Energy Utilization, Crete, Greece, Sep. 12-16, 2011.
[10]Single-particle and single-molecule imaging of photocatalytic reactions (invited), T. Majima: Chinese
National Conference on Energy and Environment, Shanghai, China, Sep. 21-24, 2011.
[11]Single-Molecule Level Measurement of Charge-Recombination Dynamics in DNA (invited), K.
Kawai: PSRC-5 (5th Pacific Symposium on Radical Chemistry), Wakayama, Japan, Sep. 25-28, 2011.
[12]Charge Transfer in DNA (invited), T. Majima: Conference at 1st International Conf on
Proton-Coupled Electron Transfers (PCET) 2011, Loire valley, France, Oct. 9-13, 2011.
[13]Single-particle and single-molecule imaging of photocatalytic reactions (invited), T. Majima:
International Conference on Environment and Sustainable Development, Shanghai, China, Oct. 21-23,
2011.
[14]Crystal-Face-Dependent TiO2 Photocatalysis (invited), T. Majima: 8th Korea-Japan Symposium on
Frontier Photoscience 2011, Seoul, Korea, Oct. 28-31, 2011.
[15]Excess Electron Transfer in Tetrathiophene-Conjugated DNA (invited), *M. Fujitsuka and T. Majima:
8th Korea-Japan Symposium on Frontier Photoscience 2011, Seoul, Korea, Oct. 28-31, 2011.
[16]pH-Induced Intramolecular Conformational Changes of i-motif DNA (oral), *J. Choi, S. Kim, T.
Tachikawa, M. Fujitsuka and T. Majima: 8th Korea-Japan Symposium on Frontier Photoscience 2011,
Seoul, Korea, Oct. 28-31, 2011.
― 210 ―
[17]Excess Electron Injection and Transfer in Terthiophene-Modified DNA (poster), M. Fujitsuka and *T.
Majima: 8th Korea-Japan Symposium on Frontier Photoscience 2011, Seoul, Korea, Oct. 28-31, 2011.
[18]Delocalization of Positive Charge in ʌ-Stacked Multi-Benzene Rings in Multi-Layered Cyclophanes
(poster), *M. Fujitsuka, M. Shibahara, T. Shinmyozu, and T. Majima: 8th Korea-Japan Symposium on
Frontier Photoscience 2011, Seoul, Korea, Oct. 28-31, 2011.
[19]Structural Relaxation in the Singlet Excited State of Star-Shaped Oligofluorenes having a Truxene or
Isotruxene as a Core (poster), *M. Fujitsuka, D. W. Cho, J. -S. Yang, and T. Majima: 8th Korea-Japan
Symposium on Frontier Photoscience 2011, Seoul, Korea, Oct. 28-31, 2011.
[20]Self-assembly of Polydeoxyadenylic Acid Studied at the Single-Molecule Level (poster), *J. Choi, S.
Kim, and T. Majima: 8th Korea-Japan Symposium on Frontier Photoscience 2011, Seoul, Korea, Oct.
28-31, 2011.
[21]pH-induced conformational changes of i-motif DNA (poster), J. Choi: FIBER International
Symposium FIBER Forum2011, Hyogo, Japan, Nov. 6-8, 2011.
[22]Self-Assembly of Polydeoxyadenylic Acid Studied at the Single-Molecule Level (poster), S. Kim:
FIBER International Symposium FIBER Forum2011, Hyogo, Japan, Nov. 6-8, 2011.
[23]Crystal-Face-Dependence of TiO2 Photocatalytic Reactions (oral), T. Majima: The 3rd International
Forum on Photoenergy Future (IFPF2011) , Jeju, Korea, Dec. 7, 2011.
[24]Single-molecule imaging of TiO2 photocatalysis (invited), T. Majima: Symposium on Eco-materials
Processing and Design (ISEPD2012), Guilin, China, Jan. 7-10, 2012.
[25]Crystal-Face-Dependent TiO2 Photocatalysis (oral), T. Majima: SANKEN International Symposium,
Osaka, Japan, Jan. 13, 2012.
[26]Single-molecule Fluorescence Imaging of TiO2 Photocatalysis (invited), T. Majima: AIST㸫ANNA
Seminar on Nanoparticles and Single-Molecules, ͆Applications of Light 㸤 Nanomaterials for the
Innovation of Technolory & Life Science͆, Kagawa, Japan, Feb. 17, 2012.
[27]Single-Molecule Level Measurement of Charge-Recombination Dynamics in DNA (invited), K.
Kawai: 2nd Seminar on Nanoparticles and Single Molecules, Takamatsu, Japan, Aug. 9, 2011.
[28]Charge transfer dynamics in DNA at the single-molecule level (oral), K. Kawai: The 38th
International Symposium on Nucleic Acid Chemistry, Sapporo, Japan, Nov. 9-11, 2011.
[29]Excess electron transfer in DNA (invited), *M. Fujitsuka and T. Majima: China-Japan Joint
Symposium on Functional Supramolecular Architectures, Beijing Normal University, Beijing, China,
October 6-10, 2011.
ゎㄝࠊ⥲ㄝ
Conformational Changes of Non-B DNA, J. Choi and T. Majima, Chem Soc Rev., Royal Society of
Chemistry, 40[12] (2011), 5893 – 5909.
Recent Approach in Radiation Chemistry towards Material and Biological Science, M. Fujitsuka and T.
Majima, J. Phys. Chem. Lett., American Chemical Society, 2[23] (2011), 2965–2971.
Single-Molecule, Single-Particle Approaches for Exploring the Structure and Kinetics of Nanocatalysts, T.
Tachikawa and T. Majima, Langmuir, American Chemical Society, 28[24] (2012), 8933-8943.
― 211 ―
ⴭ᭩
[1]Photoluminescence Spectroscopy of Single Semiconductor Nanoparticles (Leah Bergman and Jeanne
L. McHale)“Handbook of Luminescent Semiconductor Materials”, T. Tachikawa and T. Majima, CRC
Press, Taylor & Francis Group, (391-410) 2011.
[2]Delocalization and migration of excitation energy and charge in supramolecular systems (V.
Ramamurthy and Yoshihisa Inoue)“Supramolecular Effects in Photochemical and Photophysical
Processes”, M. Fujitsuka and T. Majima, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., (517-545) 2011.
[3]Photoinduced Electron Transfer Processes in Biological and Artificial Supramolecules (Jonathan W.
Steed and Philip A. Gale)“Supramolecular Chemistry from Molecules to Nanomaterials, 'Molecular
Devices: Electron Transfer' (SMC090)”, M. Fujitsuka and T. Majima, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd,
(2365-2396) 2012.
[4]Charge Transfer in DNA (Chryssostomos Chatgilialoglu and Armido Studer)“Encyclopedia of
Radicals in Chemistry, Biology & Materials”, M. Fujitsuka and T. Majima, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 3
(1397-1424) 2012.
[5]DNA ෆ㟁Ⲵ⛣ື (᪥ᮏ໬Ꮫ఍)“᰾㓟໬Ꮫࡢࢽ࣮ࣗࢺࣞࣥࢻ”, ⸨ሯᏲࠊ┿ᔱဴᮁ, ໬Ꮫྠே, 10
(116-123) 2011.
ᅜ㝿఍㆟ࡢ⤌⧊ጤဨࠊᅜ㝿㞧ㄅࡢ⦅㞟ጤဨ
┿ᔱဴᮁ
2011 International Workshop on Nanoplasmonics for Energy and the Environment
(⤌⧊ጤဨ)
┿ᔱဴᮁ
2011 Workshop of Research Laboratory for Quantum Beam Science on “Radiation
Effects on DNA” (⤌⧊ጤဨ㛗)
┿ᔱဴᮁ
5th Asia Oceania Conference on Photobiology 2011 (⤌⧊ጤဨ㛗)
┿ᔱဴᮁ
5th Asia Oceania Conference on Photobiology, Session of Biosensors and Bioimagin
(ࢭࢵࢩࣙࣥጤဨ㛗)
┿ᔱဴᮁ
5th Asia Oceania Conference on Photobiology, Session of Photochemisry and
Photobiology 2011 (ࢭࢵࢩࣙࣥጤဨ㛗)
┿ᔱဴᮁ
1st International Conference on Bioinspired Solar Energy Utilization 2011 (ᅜ㝿⤌⧊
ጤဨ)
┿ᔱဴᮁ
2011 Chinese National Conference on Energy and Environment in Shanghai (ㅎၥ
ጤဨ)
┿ᔱဴᮁ
5th Pacific Symposium on Radical Chemistry 2011 (⤌⧊ጤဨ)
┿ᔱဴᮁ
2011 International Conference on Environment and Sustainable Development (ㅎၥ
ጤဨ)
┿ᔱဴᮁ
8th Korea-Japan Symposium on Frontier Photoscience 2011 (⤌⧊ጤဨ㛗)
┿ᔱဴᮁ
the Asia Oceania Society on Photobiology (఍㛗)
┿ᔱဴᮁ
Langmuir (ࢩࢽ࢔࢚ࢹ࢕ࢱ࣮)
┿ᔱဴᮁ
Rapid Communication in Photoscienece (ᅜ㝿⦅㞟ጤဨ)
┿ᔱဴᮁ
ChemPlusChem (⦅㞟ጤဨ)
┿ᔱဴᮁ
Photochemistry and Photobiology (࢔ࢯࢩ࢚࣮ࢺ࢚ࢹ࢕ࢱ࣮)
ᅜෆᏛ఍
᪥ᮏග་Ꮫ࣭ග⏕≀Ꮫ఍
2௳
5௳
ග໬Ꮫウㄽ఍
1௳
ศᏊ⛉Ꮫウㄽ఍
3௳
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3௳
᪥ᮏ໬Ꮫ఍➨ 92 ᫓Ꮨᖺ఍
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ศᏊ⛉Ꮫウㄽ఍
― 212 ―
ᨺᑕ⥺໬Ꮫウㄽ఍
3௳
3௳
᪥ᮏ໬Ꮫ఍
ྲྀᚓᏛ఩
ಟኈ㸦ᕤᏛ㸧
DNA ෆ㟁Ⲵ⛣ື㏿ᗘࡢ HOMO ࢚ࢿࣝࢠ࣮౫Ꮡᛶ
ᯘ ග㞝
ಟኈ㸦ᕤᏛ㸧
༢୍ศᏊほᐹ⏝ࡢ㧗ឤᗘỈ⁐ᛶࣞࢻࢵࢡࢫᛂ⟅⺯ගࣉ࣮ࣟࣈࡢ㛤Ⓨ
⡿⃝ ᬛஅ
ಟኈ㸦ᕤᏛ㸧
༢୍ศᏊ࡛ࣞ࣋ࣝࡢ࣏ࣜࢹ࢜࢟ࢩ࢔ࢹࢽࣝ㓟ࡢ⮬ᕫ㞟ྜ࡟㛵ࡍࡿ◊✲
㔠 Ỉ⦕
⛉Ꮫ◊✲㈝⿵ຓ㔠
༢఩㸸༓෇
ᇶ┙◊✲㸦㸿㸧 㧗ບ㉳≧ែ໬ᏛࡢศᏊ⣲Ꮚࡸ⎔ቃၥ㢟ࠊࢼࣀ࠾ࡼࡧࣂ࢖࢜
21,450
┿ᔱ ဴᮁ
ࢸࢡࣀࣟࢪ࣮࡬ࡢᛂ⏝
ᇶ┙◊✲㸦B㸧
㧗ບ㉳≧ែ⏕ᡂࢆࢺ࣮ࣜ࢞࡜ࡋ࡚ᶵ⬟ࡍࡿศᏊ⣲Ꮚࡢ㛤Ⓨ
3,640
⸨ሯ Ᏺ
≉ᐃ㡿ᇦ◊✲
㧗ศᏊ㙐ෆࡢ㟁Ⲵ࠾ࡼࡧບ㉳࢚ࢿࣝࢠ࣮㠀ᒁᅾ㐣⛬ࡢ᳨ウ
2,000
⸨ሯ Ᏺ
ᣮᡓⓗⴌⱆ◊✲ ࣮ࣔࣞ࢟ࣗࣛࣅ࣮ࢥࣥࡢ୍ศᏊࣞ࣋ࣝほ 2,470
ᕝ஭ Ύᙪ
᪂Ꮫ⾡㡿ᇦ◊✲ ࡽࡏࢇࡡࡌࢀゅ࠾ࡼࡧ㹆㹍㹋㹍ࢠࣕࢵࣉᨵኚ࡟ࡼࡿ㹂㹌㸿
2,340
ᕝ஭ Ύᙪ
ศᏊ࣡࢖࣮ࣖࡢᵓ⠏
ᣮᡓⓗⴌⱆ◊✲ ࣞࢻࢵࢡࢫᛂ⟅⺯ගࣉ࣮ࣟࣈࢆ⏝࠸ࡓ⏕యゐ፹άᛶࡢࢼࣀ
2,080
❧ᕝ ㈗ኈ
࢖࣓࣮ࢪࣥࢢ
≉ู◊✲ဨዡບ 㧗ຠ⋡ TiO2 ගゐ፹ࡢ㛤Ⓨ࡟ྥࡅ࡚ࡢ᫬㛫࣭✵㛫ศゎศගἲ
800
㈝
࡟ࡼࡿ཯ᛂᶵᵓࡢゎ᫂
┿ᔱ ဴᮁ
ཷク◊✲
┿ᔱ ဴᮁ
JST ᡓ␎ⓗ๰㐀◊✲᥎㐍 CPP 㢮ࡢ୙Ᏻᐃάᛶ✀≧ែࡢゎ
15,600
஦ᴗ CREST
᫂
ዡᏛᐤ㝃㔠
❧ᕝ ㈗ኈ
බ┈㈈ᅋἲே㛵す࢚ࢿࣝࢠ࣮࣭ࣜࢧ࢖ࢡࣝ⛉Ꮫ◊✲᣺⯆㈈
905
ᅋ ௦⾲⌮஦ ▼ᕝ༤ᚿ
ඹྠ◊✲
┿ᔱ ဴᮁ
ࣃࢼࢯࢽࢵࢡ࢚ࢥࢩࢫ
✵㛫࡟Ⓨ⏕ࡍࡿάᛶ✀ࡢ◊✲
1,964
ࢸ࣒ࢬओ
ࡑࡢ௚ࡢ➇தⓗ◊✲㈨㔠
┿ᔱဴᮁ
ᶵ⬟≀㉁໬Ꮫ◊✲ศ㔝
ཎⴭㄽᩥ
[1]A Bifunctional Spiro-Type Organocatalyst with High Enantiocontrol: Application to the
Aza-Morita-Baylis-Hillman Reactions, S. Takizawa, K. Kiriyama, K. Ieki, H. Sasai: Chem. Commun., 47
(2011) 9227-9229.
[2]Synthesis of Spiro Bis(1,2,3-triazolium) Salts As Chiral Ionic Liquids, Y. Yoshida, S. Takizawa, H.
Sasai: Tetrahedron Lett., 52 (2011) 6877-6879.
[3]Chlorinative Cyclization of 1,6-Enynes by Enantioselective Palladium(II)/Palladium(IV) Catalysis, K.
Takenaka, S. Hashimoto, S. Takizawa, H. Sasai: Adv. Synth. Catal., 353 (2011) 1067-1070.
[4]Enantioselective Cyclization of 4-Alkenoic Acids via an Oxidative Allylic C-H Esterification, K.
Takenaka, M. Akita, Y. Tanigaki, S. Takizawa, H. Sasai: Org. Lett., 13 (2011) 3506-3509.
― 213 ―
ᅜ㝿఍㆟
[1]Exploring a New Asymmetric Reaction Using Chiral Spiro Bis(isoxazoline) Ligand “SPRIX” (invited),
H. Sasai: The International Symposium on Physical Organic Chemistry and Synthetic Materials, Tianjin,
China, July 2, 2011.
[2]Development of Enantioselective Catalyses Using Chiral Spiro Compounds (invited), H. Sasai:
Chirality 2011, Liverpool, UK, July 10-13, 2011.
[3]Development of Novel Chiral Spiro Ligands Bearing Sulfur Donor (poster), S. Takatani, K. Sugimoto,
K. Takenaka, H. Sasai: The 16th IUPAC International Symposium on Organometallic Chemistry Directed
Towards Organic Synthesis (OMCOS 16), Shanghai, China, July 24-28, 2011.
[4]Development of New Method for an Efficient Synthesis of Spiro Bis(triazole) Derivatives and Their
Applications to Asymmetric Catalysis (poster), Y. Yoshida, S. Takizawa, H. Sasai: The 2nd International
Symposium on Process Chemistry (ISPC 2011), Kyoto, Japan, August 10-12, 2011.
[5]Enantioselective Carbon-Carbon Bond-Forming Reactions Using Vanadium(V) Complexes (oral), S.
Takizawa, J. Kodera, D. Rajesh, T. Katayama, H. Sasai: 4th Aachen-Osaka Joint Symposium, Aachen,
German, September 1, 2011.
[6]Development of Novel Chiral Spiro Ligands Bearing Sulfur Donor (oral), S. Takatani, K. Sugimoto, K.
Takenaka, H. Sasai: 4th Aachen-Osaka Joint Symposium, Aachen, German, September 1, 2011.
[7]Catalytic Enantioselective Reactions via Pd(II/IV) Catalysis (invited), H. Sasai: 14th Asian Chemical
Congress 2011, Bangkok, Thailand, September 5-8, 2011.
[8]Organocatalyzed Domino Process Based on the Aza-Morita-Baylis-Hillman (Aza-MBH) Reaction
(poster), S. Takizawa, N. Inoue, S. Hirata, H. Sasai: The 7th International Symposium on Integrated
Synthesis (ISIS-7), Kobe, Japan, October 9-10, 2011.
[9]Intramolecular Enantioselective Rauhut-Currier Reaction (poster), T. M.-N. Nguyen, S. Takizawa, H.
Sasai: The 7th International Symposium on Integrated Synthesis (ISIS-7), Kobe, Japan, October 9-10,
2011.
[10]Enantioselective Cyclization/Diacetoxylation of Alkynyl Cyclohexadienones Catalyzed by
Palladium-Spiro Bis(isoxazoline) Complex (poster), S. C. Mohanta, K. Takenaka, S. Takizawa, T. Suzuki,
H. Sasai: 8th AFMC International Medicinal Chemistry Symposium (AIMECS 11), Tokyo, Japan,
November 29-December 2, 2011.
[11]Organocatalyzed Domino Process Based on the Aza-Morita-Baylis-Hillman (Aza-MBH) Reaction
(oral), S. Hirata, S. Takizawa, N. Inoue, H. Sasai: The 1st Junior International Conference on
Cutting-Edge Organic Chemistry in Asia, Xiamen, China, December 9-11, 2011.
[12]Organocatalyzed Domino Process Based on the Aza-Morita-Baylis-Hillman (Aza-MBH) Reaction
(oral), S. Hirata, S. Takizawa, N. Inoue, H. Sasai: he 6th International Conference on Cutting-Edge
Organic Chemistry in Asia and The 2nd New Phase International Conference on the Cutting-Edge
Organic Chemistry in Asia, Hong Kong, China, December 11-15, 2011.
[13]Enantioselective Cyclization of 4-Alkenoic Acids via an Oxidative Allylic CíH Esterification (oral),
M. Akita, Y. Tanigaki, K. Takenaka, S. Takizawa, H. Sasai: The 2nd Seleca Minisymposium, Aachen,
German, December 13, 2011.
[14]Catalytic Enantioselective Coupling of Phenanthrols (poster), J. Kodera, S. Takizawa, H. Sasai: The
15th SANKEN International Symposium and The 10th SANKEN Nanotechnology Symposium, Osaka,
― 214 ―
Japan, January 12-13, 2012.
[15]Enantioselective Rauhut-Currier Reaction (oral), S. Takizawa, T. M.-N. Nguyen, A. Grossmann, D.
Enders, H. Sasai: Osaka-Aachen Mini-symposium, Osaka, Japan, March 12, 2012.
[16]Enantioselective C-C Bond-Forming Reactions Using Vanadium(V) Complexes (poster), S. Takizawa,
J. Kodera, D. Rajesh, T. Katayama, H. Sasai: 243rd ACS National Meeting, San Diego, USA, March
25-29, 2012.
ゎㄝࠊ⥲ㄝ
㓟ሷᇶᆺ᭷ᶵศᏊゐ፹࡟ࡼࡿ୙ᩧࢻ࣑ࣀ཯ᛂࡢ㛤Ⓨ, ➲஭ ᏹ᫂ࠊ⃝ ᚸ, ⏕⏘࡜ᢏ⾡, ⏕⏘
ᢏ⾡᣺⯆༠఍, 63 (2011), 70-73.
ⴭ᭩
[1]㌟㏆࡞ᮦᩱ࢚࣏࢟ࢩᶞ⬡࡟ồࡵࡽࢀࡿࣁࣟࢤࣥࣇ࣮ࣜ໬ (㹈㹑㹒࢖ࣀ࣮࣋ࢩࣙࣥࣉࣛࢨ኱
㜰)“ඹ๰࣭༠ዌʊ⏘Ꮫ㐃ᦠᡂຌࡢ࣮࣮࢟࣡ࢻ”, ᕷཎ ₶Ꮚ, ᰴᘧ఍♫࢔ࢻࢫ࣮ࣜ, (187-193) 2011.
[2]Immobilization of Multicomponent Asymmetric Catalysts (MACs) (ఀὠ㔝 ┿୍)“Polymeric Chiral
Catalyst Design and Chiral Polymer Synthesis”, ⃝ ᚸࠊ➲஭ ᏹ᫂, (293-322) 2011.
ᅜෆᏛ఍
᪥ᮏ໬Ꮫ఍➨ 92 ᫓Ꮨᖺ఍
11 ௳
3௳
➨ 38 ᅇ᭷ᶵ཯ᛂ᠓ㄯ఍
2௳
➨ 58 ᅇ᭷ᶵ㔠ᒓ໬Ꮫウㄽ఍
1௳
➨ 37 ᅇ཯ᛂ࡜ྜᡂࡢ㐍Ṍࢩ࣏ࣥࢪ࣒࢘
5௳
࣮࣭ࣔࣞ࢟ࣗࣛ࢟ࣛࣜࢸ࢕ʊ 2011
1௳
➨ 41 ᅇ」⣲⎔໬Ꮫウㄽ఍
1௳
໭ᾏ㐨኱Ꮫ GCOE–➨㸯㸵ᅇ⢭ᐦྜᡂ໬Ꮫࢭ࣑ࢼ࣮ ࢪࣙ࢖ࣥࢺࢩ࣏ࣥࢪ࣒࢘
ྲྀᚓᏛ఩
ಟኈ㸦⌮Ꮫ㸧
ࢫࣆࣟ㦵᱁ࢆ᭷ࡍࡿ㓟㸫ሷᇶᆺ᭷ᶵศᏊゐ፹ࡢ㛤Ⓨ࡜࢚ࢼࣥࢳ࢜㑅ᢥⓗ
ᐙ႐ ೺ኴ
aza-MBH ཯ᛂ࡬ࡢᛂ⏝
ಟኈ㸦⌮Ꮫ㸧
Ir ゐ፹ࢆ⏝࠸ࡓ୙ᩧỈ⣲⮬ື⛣ືࣉࣟࢭࢫࡢ◊✲
▼ᆏ ཭㤶
ಟኈ㸦⌮Ꮫ㸧
ගᏛάᛶࢫࣆࣟ 1,2,3㸫ࢺࣜ࢔ࢰ࣮ࣝㄏᑟయࡢྜᡂ࡜୙ᩧ཯ᛂ࡬ࡢᛂ⏝
ྜྷ⏣ Ὀᚿ
⛉Ꮫ◊✲㈝⿵ຓ㔠
༢఩㸸༓෇
ᇶ┙◊✲㸦B㸧
ࢫࣆࣟᆺ㓄఩Ꮚࢆά⏝ࡍࡿゐ፹ⓗศᏊ㦵᱁ᵓ⠏཯ᛂࡢ㛤ᣅ
4,420
➲஭ ᏹ᫂
᪂Ꮫ⾡㡿ᇦ◊✲ ᪂つከⅬไᚚᆺ᭷ᶵศᏊゐ፹ࡢ๰〇ࢆᇶ┙࡜ࡍࡿࢻ࣑ࣀᆺ
3,510
➲஭ ᏹ᫂
཯ᛂࡢ㛤Ⓨ
ⱝᡭ◊✲㸦B㸧
㧗άᛶேᕤ㓝⣲ゐ፹ࠗࢼࣀࢨ࢖࣒࠘ࡢ㛤Ⓨ◊✲
780
⃝ ᚸ
ཷク◊✲
➲஭ ᏹ᫂
JST ᡓ␎ⓗ๰㐀◊✲᥎㐍
㔠ᒓᯫᶫ㧗ศᏊ㓄఩Ꮚࡢタィ࡜
1,950
஦ᴗ CREST
ᅛᐃ໬୙ᩧ㓄఩Ꮚ࡟ࡼࡿ࢟ࣛࣜ
ࢸ࢕࣮ไᚚ
JST ◊✲ᡂᯝ᭱㐺ᒎ㛤ᨭ
⢊య཯ᛂࢩࢫࢸ࣒㸦ࣀࣥࣁ࢖ࣛ
260
ᕷཎ ₶Ꮚ
᥼஦ᴗ㸦A-STEP㸧ࣇ࢕࣮ ࢖ࢺ㸧࡟ࡼࡿࠊỗ⏝࢚࣏࢟ࢩ໬
ࢪࣅࣜࢸ࢕ࢫࢱࢹ࢕ ྍ ྜ≀ࡢࣁࣟࢤࣥࣇ࣮ࣜ〇㐀ᢏ⾡
⬟ᛶⓎ᥀ࢱ࢖ࣉ ࢩ࣮ࢬ ࡢ㛤Ⓨ
㢧ᅾ໬
ዡᏛᐤ㝃㔠
➲஭ ᏹ᫂
㈈ᅋἲே⠩ᗡ♫ ⌮஦㛗 ๓⏣ Ꮥ
2,000
― 215 ―
➲஭ ᏹ᫂
➲஭ ᏹ᫂
ᕷཎ ₶Ꮚ
ඹྠ◊✲
ᕷཎ ₶Ꮚ
㛗℩⏘ᴗᰴᘧ఍♫ Ⰽᮦ஦ᴗ㒊㛗 ᇳ⾜ᙺဨ ⰼᮏ ༤ᚿ
᪥⏘໬Ꮫᕤᴗᰴᘧ఍♫
ඹྠ༳ๅᰴᘧ఍♫ ྲྀ⥾ᙺ ᢏ⾡⤫ᣓᮏ㒊㛗 㰻⸨ ᩥᏕ
JX ᪥㖔᪥▼࢚ࢿࣝࢠ࣮ THI ཬࡧ CMCC ࡢᅛ┦⣔㓟໬཯
ᰴᘧ఍♫
ᛂࢩࢫࢸ࣒ࡢ◊✲
ࡑࡢ௚ࡢ➇தⓗ◊✲㈨㔠
➲஭ ᏹ᫂
᪥⊂ඹྠ኱Ꮫ㝔ࣉࣟࢢ࣒ࣛ 㸦ᕤᏛ◊✲⛉ ኱➉ ஂኵ ⎔ቃㄪ࿴ࢆᣦ
ᩍᤵ㸧
ྥࡋࡓ⏕≀࠾
ࡼࡧ໬Ꮫࣉࣟ
ࢭࢫ࡟㛵ࡍࡿ
ඹྠ኱Ꮫ㝔ᩍ
⫱ࣉࣟࢢ࣒ࣛ
ᕷཎ ₶Ꮚ
㜰኱ UIC "Gap Fund" ࠗᐇ⏝໬ࢩ࣮ࢬ⫱ᡂᨭ᥼ไᗘ࠘
ḟୡ௦࣐ࢸࣜ
࢔ࣝࢆ〇㐀ࡍ
ࡿࡓࡵࡢ㠉᪂
ⓗ⢊య཯ᛂࢩ
ࢫࢸ࣒ࡢ㛤Ⓨ
1,000
400
200
1,040
870
3,150
⢭ᐦไᚚ໬Ꮫ◊✲ศ㔝
ཎⴭㄽᩥ
[1]Ligand-Assisted Complex of Two DNA Hairpin Loops, C. Hong, M. Hagihara, K. Nakatani: Angew.
Chem. Int. Ed., 50 (2011) 4390-4390.
[2]Molecular-Glue-Triggered DNA Assembly to Form a Robust and Photoresponsive Nano-Network, C.
Wang, F. Pu, Y. Lin, J. Ren, C. Dohno, K. Nakatani, X. Qu: Chem. Eur. J., 17 (2011) 8189-8197.
[3]Control of DNA hybridization by photoswitchable molecular glue, C. Dohno, K. Nakatani: Chem. Soc.
Rev., 40 (2011) 5718-5729.
[4]Interstrand Cross-Link for Discrimination of Methylated Cytosines, C. Dohno, T. Shibata, K. Nakatani:
Chem. Lett., 40 (2011) 852-854.
[5]Small Molecule Modulates Hairpin Structures in CAG Trinucleotide Repeats, M. Hagihara, H. He, K.
Nakatani: ChemBioChem., 12 (2011) 1686-1689.
[6]Tandem Arrays of TEMPO and Nitronyl Nitroxide Radicals with Designed Arrangements on DNA, H.
Atsumi, K. Maekawa, D. Nakazawa, D. Shiomi, K. Sato, M. Kitagawa, T. Takui, K. Nakatani: Chem. Eur.
J., 18 (2012) 178-183.
[7]Naphthyridine tetramer with a preorganized structure for 1:1 binding to a CGG/CGG sequence, C.
Dohno, I. Kohyama, C. Hong, K. Nakatani: Nucleic. Acids. Res., 40 (2012) 2771-2781.
[8]Chemoselective cyclization of unprotected linear peptides by Į-ketoacid–hydroxylamine
amide-ligation, T. Fukuzumi, L. Ju, J. W. Bode: Org. Biomol. Chem., 10 (2012) accepted.
[9]A Small Molecule Regulates Hairpin Structures in d(CGG) Trinucleotide Repeats, M. Hagihara, H. He,
M. Kimura, K. Nakatani: Biorg. Med. Chem. Lett., 22 (2012) 2000-2003.
ᅜ㝿఍㆟
[1]Development of tetrameric naphthyridine derivatives for DNA and RNA containig a GG-mismatch
(poster), I. Kohyama, C. Dohno, C. Hong, K. Nakatani: XVth Symposium on Chemistry of Nucleic
Acid Components, Czech Republic, 2011, Jun. 5-10.
― 216 ―
[2]Photoswitchable molecular glue for hybridization of nucleic acids. (poster), C. Dohno, S. Uno, K.
Nakatani: XVth Symposium on Chemistry of Nucleic Acid Components, Czech Republic, 2011, Jun.
5-10.
[3]Antisense-Induced G-Quadruplex Structures Interfere with Reverse Transcription by HIV-1 Reverse
Transcriptase (poster), M. Hagihara, K. Nakatani: RNA 2011, the 16th Annual Meeting of the RNA
Society, Japan, 2011, Jun. 14-18.
[4]Development of a method for detecting small molecule-miRNA interactions (poster), A. Murata, Y.
Harada, T. Fukuzumi, S. Umemoto, S. Im, M. Hagihara, K. Nakatani: RNA 2011, the 16th Annual
Meeting of the RNA Society, Japan, 2011, Jun. 14-18.
[5]Periodic electron spin arrays on DNA duplex (poster), H. Atsumi, K. Maekawa, S. Nakazawa, D.
Shiomi, K. Sato, M. Kitagawa, T. Takui, K. Nakatani: ISAC2011, UK, 2011, Jul. 26-29.
[6]Synthesis of dimeric naphthyridine derivatives connected at the 7 position (poster), M. Toda, H. He, K.
Nakatani: Sixth Cambridge Symposium on Nucleic Acids Chemistry and Biology, UK, 2011, Sep. 4-7.
[7]Synthesis of DNA containing hydrophobic region and its interaction with lipid bilayer membrane
(poster), S. Makishi, T. Shibata, M. Okazaki, C. Dohno, K. Nakatani: Sixth Cambridge Symposium on
Nucleic Acids Chemistry and Biology, UK, 2011, Sep. 4-7.
[8]Factors determining the binding of small molecules to the single nucleotide bulge in double stranded
DNA and RNA (poster), T. Otabe, J. Zhang, K. Nakatani: Sixth Cambridge Symposium on Nucleic Acids
Chemistry and Biology, UK, 2011, Sep. 4-7.
[9]Ligand-assisted complex of two DNA hairpin loops (poster), C. Hong: FIBER international
Symposium, Japan, Nov. 6-8.
[10]Synthesis of hydrophobic DNA and its localization on lipid bilayer membrane surface (poster), S.
Makishi: FIBER international Symposium, Japan, Nov. 6-8.
[11]Naphthyridine tetramer functions as a molecular glue for DNA and RNA (poster), C. Dohno, I.
Kohyama, K. Nakatani: The 38th International symposium on Nucleic acids chemistry 2011, Japan, 2011,
Nov. 9-11.
[12]Synthesis of hydrophobic DNA interacting with liposome (poster), T. Shibata, S. Makishi, C. Dohno,
K. Nakatani: The 38th International symposium on Nucleic acids chemistry 2011, Japan, 2011, Nov. 9-11.
[13]Localization of hydrophobic DNA on lipid bilayer membrane surface (poster), S. Makishi, T. Shibata,
M. Okazaki, C. Dohno, K. Nakatani: The 38th International symposium on Nucleic acids chemistry 2011,
Japan, 2011, Nov. 9-11.
[14]Evaluation of Xanthone and Thioxanthone Derivatives as Fluorescent Displacement Assay
Indicator Based on Their Structure-Binding Studies to RNA (poster), S. Umemoto, S. Im, J. Zhang, M.
Hagihara, A. Murata, Y. Harada, T. Fukuzumi, T. Wazaki, S. Sasaoka, K. Nakatani: The 38th International
symposium on Nucleic acids chemistry 2011, Japan, 2011, Nov. 9-11.
[15]Binding of the ligand to the (CGG)n in the RNA hairpin loop (poster), C. Hong, M. Hagihara, K.
Nakatani: The 38th International symposium on Nucleic acids chemistry 2011, Japan, 2011, Nov. 9-11.
[16]Electron spin arrays on DNA nanostructures (oral), H. Atsumi, K. Maekawa, S. Nakazawa, D. Shiomi,
K. Sato, M. Kitagawa, T. Takui, K. Nakatani: The 38th International symposium on Nucleic acids
chemistry 2011, Japan, 2011, Nov. 9-11.
― 217 ―
[17]Ligand-Assisted Assembly and Functionalization of DNA Nanostructure (oral), K. Nakatani, C.
Dohno, H. Atsumi: International Symposium on Innovative Nanobiodevices (ISIN2012), Japan, 2012,
Mar. 21-22.
[18]Design and synthesis of RNA binding ligand for regulating gene expression (poster), C. Dohno, I.
Kohyama, K. Nakatani: 243rd American Chemical Society National Meeting, USA, 2012, Mar. 25-28.
[19]Fluorescence-based binding assay of hydrophobic DNA to the lipid bilayer membrane (poster), T.
Shibata, S. Makishi, C. Dohno, K. Nakatani: 243rd American Chemical Society National Meeting, USA,
2012, Mar. 25-28.
[20]Controlling DNA Hybridization and Assembly by Small Organic Molecules (invited), K. Nakatani:
Bioinspired Materials and Functionalities, The Netherlands, 2011. Jun. 21-22.
[21]Ligand Inducible Fluorescencne: Tools for Ligand Discovery and PCR Monitoring (invited), K.
Nakatani: 12th Conference on Methods and Application of Fluorescece Spectroscopy, France, Sep. 11-14.
[22]Controlling DNA and RNA Assembly by Small Organic Molecules (invited), K. Nakatani: The 15th
Korea-Japan Seminar on Organic Synthesis, Korea, 2011, Sep. 30-Oct. 3.
[23]Ligand-Assisted Complex of Two DNA and RNA Hairpin Loops (invited), K. Nakatani: Asian 3
Round Table on Nucleic Acids 2011 China, Oct. 14-16.
[24]Small Molecules binding to DNA and RNA; Design and Application (invited), K. Nakatani: Seminor
at Hubei University, China, 2011. Oct. 14.
ゎㄝࠊ⥲ㄝ
໬Ꮫ, Ṋ஭ ྐᜨࠊ୰㇂ ࿴ᙪ, ໬Ꮫ, ໬Ꮫྠே, 66[22] (2011), 74-75.
㌍ືࡍࡿ୰ᅜ࡜㡑ᅜ, ୰㇂ ࿴ᙪ, ໬Ꮫ, ໬Ꮫྠே, 67[4] (2012), 47-49.
≉チ
[1]ࠕ⺯ගቑ኱ᆺ᰾㓟ࡢቑᖜ཯ᛂ࡟⏝࠸ࡿࣉࣛ࢖࣐࣮5’ᮎ➃࡟⤖ྜࡋ࡚⏝࠸ࡿ DNA ᩿∦ࡢྜᡂ࡜
ࡑࡢ฼⏝ࠖ୰㇂ ࿴ᙪࠊṊ஭ ྐᜨࠊᇽ㔝 ୺⛯, ≉㢪 2012-51551
ᅜෆᏛ఍
᪥ᮏࢣ࣑࢝ࣝࣂ࢖࢜ࣟࢪ࣮◊✲఍ ➨ 6 ᅇᖺ఍
1௳
1௳
࢔ࣥࢳࢭࣥࢫ࣭㑇ఏᏊ࣭ࢹࣜࣂ࣮ࣜࢩ࣏ࣥࢪ࣒࢘ 2011
4௳
➨㸳ᅇࣂ࢖࢜㛵㐃ྜྠࢩ࣏ࣥࢪ࣒࢘
1௳
The Uehara Memorial Foundation Symposium 2011
1௳
➨ 34 ᅇศᏊ⏕≀Ꮫ఍
1௳
SEST 2011 ➨ 50 ᅇ㟁Ꮚࢫࣆࣥࢧ࢖࢚ࣥࢫᏛ఍ᖺ఍
10 ௳
᪥ᮏ໬Ꮫ఍➨ 92 ᫓Ꮨᖺ఍(2012)
ྲྀᚓᏛ఩
༤ኈ㸦⌮Ꮫ㸧
Electron Spin Arrays with Designed Arrangements on the DNA Nanostructures
ཌぢ ᐂᚿ
༤ኈ㸦⌮Ꮫ㸧
Studies on the methods to evaluate interaction of RNA with small molecules
ᱵᮏ リ⧊
༤ኈ㸦⌮Ꮫ㸧
Studies on Regulation of the RNA Secondary Structures by Using Small Organic
ὥ ᫀᓠ
Molecules
ಟኈ㸦⌮Ꮫ㸧
CGG/CGG 㓄ิࢆᶆⓗ࡜ࡍࡿ᪂つ⤖ྜࣜ࢞ࣥࢻࡢ㛤Ⓨ࡜ᶵ⬟Ⓨ⌧ไᚚ࡬ࡢᛂ
⚄ᒣ ࠸࡙ࡳ
⏝
ಟኈ㸦⌮Ꮫ㸧
᪂つࢺ࢚ࣜࢳࢽ࣓ࣝࢱࣥㄏᑟయࡢྜᡂ࡜≀ᛶࠊRNA ࣂࣝࢪᵓ㐀࡟⤖ྜࡍࡿศ
― 218 ―
ᑠ⏣㒊 ᑲᗈ
Ꮚࡢ๰〇࡟㛵ࡍࡿ◊✲
ಟኈ㸦⌮Ꮫ㸧
࢔ࢹࢽࣥࣜ࣎ࢫ࢖ࢵࢳࡢ࢚ࣜࣥࢪࢽ࢔ࣜࣥࢢ࡟㛵ࡍࡿ◊✲
㝞 ⹒௝
ಟኈ㸦⌮Ꮫ㸧
㸵఩࡛㐃⤖ࡋࡓ㸰í࢔࣑ࣀࢼࣇࢳࣜࢪࣥ஧㔞యࡢ᰾㓟ㄆ㆑ࠊDNA Origami ἲ࡟
ᡞ⏣ ┿᲍Ꮚ
ࡼࡿ┤᪉యᵓ㐀ᵓ⠏࡟㛵ࡍࡿ◊✲
ಟኈ㸦⌮Ꮫ㸧
␯Ỉ㡿ᇦࢆ᭷ࡍࡿ DNA ࢆ⏝࠸ࡓ⬡㉁஧㔜⭷⾲㠃࡟࠾ࡅࡿࢼࣀᵓ㐀ᵓ⠏
┿႐ᚿ ⤀࿃
⛉Ꮫ◊✲㈝⿵ຓ㔠
༢఩㸸༓෇
ᇶ┙◊✲㸦㸿㸧 㸶఩⨨᥮ࣉࣜࣥ໬ྜ≀ࣛ࢖ࣈ࣮ࣛࣜࡢྜᡂ࡜ࣜ࣎ࢫ࢖ࢵࢳ
17,290
୰㇂ ࿴ᙪ
࢚ࣜࣥࢪࢽ࢔ࣜࣥࢢ
᪂Ꮫ⾡㡿ᇦ◊✲ ගᛂ⟅ᛶ㹐㹌㸿⤖ྜࣜ࢞ࣥࢻࢆ⏝࠸ࡓ㹐㹌㸿ᶵ⬟ࡢไᚚ
10,010
ᇽ㔝 ୺⛯
ⱝᡭ◊✲㸦B㸧
㠀ෆᅾᛶ࣐࢖ࢡࣟ㹐㹌㸿ࡢ๰ᡂ࡜㑇ఏᏊⓎ⌧ไᚚ
2,470
ᮧ⏣ ளἋᏊ
ཷク◊✲
ᇽ㔝 ୺⛯
⛉Ꮫᢏ⾡᣺⯆ᶵᵓࡉࡁ
␯Ỉ㡿ᇦࢆ᭷ࡍࡿ᰾㓟ࢆ⏝࠸ࡓ
18,525
ࡀࡅ
ᶵ⬟๰ฟ
୰㇂ ࿴ᙪ
་⸆ᇶ┙◊✲ᡤ
ᶵ⬟ᛶ ncRNA ࢆᶆⓗ࡜ࡋࡓ๰⸆
76,000
ࢆ᥎㐍ࠊຍ㏿ࡉࡏࡿᢏ⾡ᇶ┙ࡢᵓ
⠏
ඹྠ◊✲
୰㇂ ࿴ᙪ
᪥ᮾ໬ᡂओ
ᶵ⬟ᛶศᏊࡢྜᡂ
2,520
ྂἙ㟁ᕤ࢔ࢻࣂࣥࢫࢺ
㹎㹁㹐ࡢ㛤Ⓨ
1,573
୰㇂ ࿴ᙪ
࢚ࣥࢪࢽ࢔ࣜࣥࢢ
ࡑࡢ௚ࡢ➇தⓗ◊✲㈨㔠
Ṋ஭ ྐᜨ
኱㜰኱Ꮫࢳࣕࣞࣥࢪᨭ᥼ࣉࣟࢢ࣒ࣛ
࡬࢔ࣆࣥࣉࣛ
800
࢖࣐࣮PCR ἲ
ࢆ⏝࠸ࡓ㎿㏿
࠿ࡘ㧗⢭ᗘࡢ
࢘࢖ࣝࢫ᳨ฟ
ἲࡢ㛤Ⓨ
་⸆ရ໬Ꮫ◊✲ศ㔝
ཎⴭㄽᩥ
[1]Phosphopeptide-dependent 14-3-3z fluorescence labeling by fusicoccins, M. Takahashi, A. Kawamura,
N. Kato, T. Nishi, I. Hamachi, J. Ohkanda: Angew. Chem. Int. Ed., 51 (2) (2012) 509-512.
[2]Antibacterial and antifungal activities of new acylated derivatives of epigallocatechin gallate, Y.
Matsumoto, K. Kaihatsu, K. Nishino, M. Ogawa, N. Kato, A. Yamaguchi: Frontiers in Antimicrobials,
Resistance and Chemotherapy, 3 (Article 53) (2012) 1-10.
[3]An enzyme catalyzing O-prenylation of the glucose moiety of fusicoccin A, a diterpene glucoside
produced by the fungus Phomopsis amygdali, M. Noike, C. Liu, Y. Ono, Y. Hamano, T. Toyomasu, T.
Sassa, N. Kato, T. Dairi: ChemBioChem, 13 (4) (2012) 566-573.
[4]Protein recognition of hetero-/homoleptic ruthenium (II) tris(bipyridine)s for a-chymotrypsin and
cytochrome c, Y. Yamaguchi,N. Kato,H. Azuma, T. Nagasaki, J. Ohkanda: Bioorg. Med. Chem. Lett., 22
(6) (2012) 2354-2358.
ᅜ㝿఍㆟
[1]Inhibition of reverse transcription of influenza A virus genome RNA by peptide nucleic acids. (invited),
K. Kaihatsu, N. Kato: International conference & exhibition in virology-2011, September 4-9, 2011,
Baltimore, MA, USA.
― 219 ―
[2]Phosphopeptide-dependent fluorescent labeling of 14-3-3 zeta protein by fusicoccins (poster), J.
Ohkanda, M. Takahashi, A. Kawamura, N. Kato, T. Nishi, I. Hamachi: Gordon Research Conference
Bioorganic Chemistry, NH, USA, June 12-17, 2011.
[3]Bipyridine metal complexes for protein surface recognition (invited), J. Ohkanda: 14th Asian Chemical
Congress, Bangkok, Thailand, September 6, 2011.
[4]Diagnosis of influenza virus strain by hairpin-type peptide nucleic acid (oral), K. Kaihatsu, S. Sawada,
S. Nakamura, T. Nakaya, N. Kato.: International Union of Microbiological Societies (IUMS) 2011
Congress, September 14-16, 2011, Sapporo, Hokkaido.
[5]Phosphopeptide-dependent fluorescence labeling of 14-3-3 zeta protein by fusicoccins (poster), J.
Ohkanda, M. Takahashi, A. Kawamura, N. Kato, T. Nishi, I. Hamachi: FRANCE-JAPAN WORKSHOP
Bio-inspired approaches:Micro- & Nano- Architectures, Materials & Imaging,Bordeaux, France, October
11-12, 2011.
[6]Inhibition of influenza virus infection by epigallocatechin-3-O-gallate (EGCG) fatty acid monoesters
(invited), K. Kaihatsu: The 4th International Conference on O-CHA (Tea) culture and Scinece, Shizuoka,
Japan, October 26-28, 2011.
[7]Genome specific diagnosis of influenza virus strains by hairpin-type. peptide nucleic acid. (poster),
K. Kaihatsu, S. Nakamura, T. Nakaya, N. Kato.: 7th Handai Nanoscience and nanotechnology
International Symposium ,November 10, 2011. Ibaraki, Osaka, Japan.
[8]High-sensitivity virus genome RNA getection by azobenzene-linked bis-peptide nucleic acids (poster),
K. Kaihatsu, N. Kato: 38th International Symposium on Nucleic Acid Chemistry, Nov. 18-19, 2011,
Sapporo, Hokkaido, Japan.
[9]First direct and visual diagnostic for A/H1N1 influenza by bis-peptide nucleic acid (oral), K. Kaihatsu,
S. Nakamura, T. Nakaya, N. Kato.: 38th International Symposium on Nucleic Acid Chemistry, Nov.
18-19, 2011, Sapporo, Hokkaido, Japan.
[10]Toward Detecting Protein-Protein Interactions by a Chemical Probe: Fusicoccin Analogs for
Ligand-dependent 14-3-3 Labeling (poster), J. Ohkanda, M. Takahashi, N. Kato, T. Nishi, I. Hamachi, M.
Noda, S. Uchiyama: The 15th SANKEN International Symposium 2012, Osaka, Japan, January 12, 2012.
[11]High Sensitive Detection of Virus Genome RNA by Azobenzene Linked Bis-Peptide Nucleic Aci
(poster), S. Sawada, N. Kato, K. Kaihatsu: The 15th SANKEN International Symposium 2012, Osaka,
Japan, January 12, 2012.
ゎㄝࠊ⥲ㄝ
Recent developments in anti-influenza A virus drugs and their combination therapires., K. Kaihatsu, D.L.
Barnard, Mini-review in Organic Chemistry, Bentham Science Publishers, 9 (2012), 3-10.
Bivalent inhibitors for disrupting protein surface-substrate interactions and for dual inhibition of protein
prenyltransferases, 㮖⏣Ύ୍, Annual Report of Osaka University, Academic Achievements 2010-2011,
100 papers selection, ኱㜰኱Ꮫ, 12 (2012), 42.
ⴭ᭩
[1]ࢱࣥࣃࢡ㉁㛫┦஫స⏝ࢆᑐ㇟࡜ࡍࡿపศᏊ๰⸆ (ࠕ໬Ꮫࡢክ࣮ࣟࢻ࣐ࢵࣉࠖసᡂ WG)“㸱㸮ᖺ
ᚋࡢ໬Ꮫࡢክ࣮ࣟࢻ࣐ࢵࣉ”, ኱⚄⏣ ῟Ꮚ, බ┈♫ᅋἲே ᪥ᮏ໬Ꮫ఍, (46) 2012.
≉チ
― 220 ―
[1]ࠕᢠ⳦๣ࠖ㛤ⓐ 㑥ᏹࠊᯇᮏ ెᕫ, WO2011013825
[2]ࠕ࢔ࢰ࣋ࣥࢮࣥ໬ྜ≀ࠖ㛤ⓐ 㑥ᏹࠊ୰ᮧ ᪼ኴࠊᚋ⸨ ┤ஂࠊᏳỌ ↷㞝ࠊ୰ᒇ 㝯᫂ࠊ
ຍ⸨ ಟ㞝, ≉㢪 2012-081288
ᅜ㝿఍㆟ࡢ⤌⧊ጤဨࠊᅜ㝿㞧ㄅࡢ⦅㞟ጤဨ
㛤ⓐ 㑥ᏹ
J. Antivirals & Antiretrovirals (⦅㞟ጤဨ)
ᅜෆᏛ఍
᪥ᮏ໬Ꮫ఍➨㸷2 ᫓Ꮨᖺ఍
4௳
3௳
᪥ᮏ㎰ⱁ໬Ꮫ఍ 2012 ኱఍
2௳
➨ 14 ᅇ⏕࿨໬Ꮫ◊✲఍
1௳
᪥ᮏࢣ࣑࢝ࣝࣂ࢖࢜ࣟࢪ࣮ᖺ఍
1௳
᭷ᶵྜᡂ໬Ꮫ༠఍㛵すᨭ㒊ࢭ࣑ࢼ࣮໬Ꮫ༓୍ኪ
1௳
ࣂ࢖࢜࢜ࣉࢸ࢕ࢡࢫ◊✲఍
1௳
⌮◊ࢣ࣑࢝ࣝࣂ࢖࢜ࣟࢪ࣮◊✲㡿ᇦຮᙉ఍
ྲྀᚓᏛ఩
༤ኈ㸦⌮Ꮫ㸧
࢔ࢰ࣋ࣥࢮ࣮ࣥࣜࣥ࢝ࢆᣢࡘ࣊࢔ࣆࣥᆺ࣌ࣉࢳࢻ᰾㓟ࡢ DNA ࡟ᑐࡍࡿ୕㔜
⃝⏣ ៅ஧㑻
㙐ᙧᡂ⬟
ಟኈ㸦⌮Ꮫ㸧
࣌ࣉࢳࢻ᰾㓟࡟ࡼࡿ⣽⬊ෆ࢖ࣥࣇ࢚ࣝࣥࢨ࢘࢖ࣝࢫࡢឤᰁ㜼ᐖ
Ⳣ㔝 ሕ
ಟኈ㸦⌮Ꮫ㸧
ࣇࢩࢥࢡࢩࣥᆺ⺯ගࣉ࣮ࣟࣈ࡟ࡼࡿ 14-3-3 ࡓࢇࡥࡃ㉁ࡢࣜࣥ㓟໬ࣜ࢞ࣥࢻ౫
㧗ᶫ 㐨Ꮚ
Ꮡⓗ⣽⬊ෆ᳨ฟ
Ꮫኈ㸦⌮Ꮫ㸧
P. amygdali ኚ␗ᰴ࡟ࡼࡿࣇࢩࢥࢡࢩࣥ H ࡢ⏕⏘࡜ࡑࡢ໬Ꮫኚ᥮
▼⏣ Ⰻ඾
⛉Ꮫ◊✲㈝⿵ຓ㔠
༢఩㸸༓෇
ᇶ┙◊✲㸦B㸧
ࡓࢇࡥࡃ㉁㛫┦஫స⏝ࢆไᚚࡍࡿ᭷ᶵศᏊࡢ๰〇
2,730
኱⚄⏣ ῟Ꮚ
ᣮᡓⓗⴌⱆ◊✲ ࣇࢩࢥࢡࢩࣥㄏᑟయ࡟ࡼࡿ㸯㸲㸫㸱㸫㸱ࡓࢇࡥࡃ㉁ࡢ⣽⬊
1,300
኱⚄⏣ ῟Ꮚ
ෆྍど໬
ⱝᡭ◊✲㸦B㸧
ගᛂ⟅ᛶ࣊࢔ࣆࣥᆺ᰾㓟ࢆ⏝࠸ࡓ㌿෗ไᚚἲࡢ☜❧
1,170
㛤ⓐ 㑥ᏹ
ዡᏛᐤ㝃㔠
ຍ⸨ ಟ㞝
ᰴᘧ఍♫ MBR ௦⾲ྲྀ⥾ᙺ♫㛗 ᰗ ⩏࿴
250
ຍ⸨ ಟ㞝
1,000
ຍ⸨ ಟ㞝
᳃⏣໬Ꮫᕤᴗᰴᘧ఍♫ ௦⾲ྲྀ⥾ᙺ♫㛗 ᳃⏣ ᗣኵ
500
ຍ⸨ ಟ㞝
ᰴᘧ఍♫ MBR ௦⾲ྲྀ⥾ᙺ♫㛗 ᰗ ⩏࿴
250
ຍ⸨ ಟ㞝
ඹྠ◊✲
ຍ⸨ ಟ㞝
ࢸ࣒ࣜࢵࢡओ
ࢱ࣑ࣂࣟࢸࣥ(tamibarotene)㹬୙
2,500
⣧≀ࡢ᳨⣴ࠊྠᐃ࡟㛵ࡍࡿ◊✲
ຍ⸨ ಟ㞝
᪥ᮏ BCG 〇㐀ओ ओ
࣐࢖ࢥࣂࢡࢸ࣒ࣜ࢘㛵㐃࣮࢜࢞
1,500
ADJU
ࢽࢵࢡ࢔ࢪࣗࣂࣥࢻࡢ㛤Ⓨ◊✲
㛤ⓐ 㑥ᏹ
ओࣉࣟࢸࢡࢸ࢕࢔
࢝ࢸ࢟ࣥㄏᑟయࡢ໬Ꮫ≉ᛶホ౯
263
࡟㛵ࡍࡿ◊✲
⏕యゐ፹⛉Ꮫ◊✲ศ㔝
ཎⴭㄽᩥ
[1]Hepatitis B Virus Envelope L Protein-Derived Bio-Nanocapsules: Mechanisms of Cellular Attachment
and Entry into Human Hepatic Cells., M. Yamada, A. Oeda, J. Jung, M. Iijima, N. Yoshimoto, T. Niimi,
S.-Y. Jeong, E. K. Choi, K. Tanizawa, and S. Kuroda: J. Controlled Release, in press (2012) .
[2]An Unusual Subtilisin-like Serine Protease Is Essential for Biogenesis of Quinohemoprotein Amine
Dehydrogenase., T. Nakai, K. Ono, S. Kuroda, K. Tanizawa, and T. Okajima: J. Biol. Chem., 287 (9)
― 221 ―
(2012) 6530–6538.
[3]Structural insights into the substrate specificity of bacterial copper amine oxidase obtained by using
irreversible inhibitors., T. Murakawa, H. Hayashi, M. Taki, Y. Yamamoto, Y. Kawano, K. Tanizawa, and T.
Okajima: J. Biochem., 151 (2) (2012) 167–178.
[4]Fluorophore-labeled nanocapsules displaying IgG Fc-binding domains for the simultaneous detection
of multiple antigens., M. Iijima, T. Matsuzaki, N. Yoshimoto, T. Niimi, K. Tanizawa, and S. Kuroda:
Biomaterials, 32 (34) (2011) 9011–9020.
[5]Efficient and rapid purification of drug- and gene-carrying bio-nanocapsules, hepatitis B virus surface
antigen L particles, from Saccharomyces cerevisiae., J. Jung, M. Iijima, N. Yoshimoto, M. Sasaki, T.
Niimi, K. Tatematsu, S.Y. Jeong, E.K. Choi, K. Tanizawa, and S. Kuroda: Protein Expression and
Purification, 78 (2) (2011) 149-155.
[6]A short-chain dehydrogenase involved in terpene metabolism from Zingiber zerumbet., S. Okamoto, F.
Yu, H. Harada, T. Okajima, J. Hattan, N. Misawa, and R. Utsumi: FEBS J., 278 (16) (2011) 2892-2900.
[7]LIM domains regulate protein kinase C activity: a novel molecular function., A. Maturana, N.
Nakagawa, N. Yoshimoto, K. Tatematsu, M. Hoshijima, K. Tanizawa, and S. Kuroda: Cell Signal., 23 (5)
(2011) 928-934.
ᅜ㝿఍㆟
[1]Evidence for Conformational Changes of Topaquinone during the Catalytic Reaction of Bacterial
Copper Amine Oxidase. (invited), T. Okajima, A. Hamaguchi, S. Kikukawa, T. Nakai, T. Murakawa, H.
Hayashi, and K. Tanizawa: The Third International Conference on Cofactors (ICC-03), Turku, Finland,
July 10-15, 2011.
[2]Time-resolved analysis of catalytic reaction of copper amine oxidase from Arthrobacter globiformis.
(poster), H. Yamaguchi, M. Kataoka, H. Oya, A. Tominaga, M. Ohtsu, T. Okajima, and K. Tanizawa:
Twenty-Second Congress and General Assembly of the International Union of Crystallography (IUCr22),
Madrid, Spain, 22–30 August, 2011.
[3]Detection of the reaction intermediates catalyzed by a copper amine oxidase. (poster), M. Kataoka,
H. Oya, A. Tominaga, M. Otsu, T. Okajima, K. Tanizawa, and H. Yamaguchi: Twenty-Second Congress
and General Assembly of the International Union of Crystallography (IUCr22), Madrid, Spain, 22–30
August, 2011.
[4]Tissue and Cell Specific Delivery of Strong Anti-inflammatory Protein Using Bionanocapsule (poster),
K. Tatematsu, K. Okamoto, S. Kuroda, and K. Tanizawa: Bio-inspired approaches: Micro- & NanoArchitectures, Materials & Imaging, Bordeaux, France, 11-12 Octber, 2011.
ゎㄝࠊ⥲ㄝ
ࣅࣝࢺ࢖ࣥᆺ⿵㓝⣲ࡢᵓ㐀㸪ᶵ⬟࡜⏕ྜᡂᶵᵓ㸬, ᒸᓥಇⱥࠊ୰஭ᛅᚿࠊ㇂⃝ඞ⾜, ⏕໬Ꮫ, ᪥
ᮏ⏕໬Ꮫ఍, 83[8] (2011), 691-703.
ᅜ㝿఍㆟ࡢ⤌⧊ጤဨࠊᅜ㝿㞧ㄅࡢ⦅㞟ጤဨ
㇂⃝ ඞ⾜
Journal of Biochemistry (㒊㛛⦅㞟㛗)
㇂⃝ ඞ⾜
Journal of Nutritional Science and Vitaminology (⦅㞟ጤဨ)
ᅜෆᏛ఍
᪥ᮏศᏊ⏕≀Ꮫ఍ᖺ఍࣭᪥ᮏ⏕໬Ꮫ఍኱఍ྜྠ኱఍
᪥ᮏ㎰ⱁ໬Ꮫ఍኱఍
᪥ᮏ㎰ⱁ໬Ꮫ఍㛵すᨭ㒊኱఍
ྲྀᚓᏛ఩
― 222 ―
5௳
2௳
1௳
ಟኈ㸦⌮Ꮫ㸧
⣽⳦⣽⬊ቨ⏕ྜᡂ࡟㛵୚ࡍࡿ᝟ሗఏ㐩⭷ࢱࣥࣃࢡ㉁ WalK ࡢⓎ⌧࡜ᶵ⬟ゎᯒ
ඵᮌ ᶞ㔛ዉ
ಟኈ㸦⌮Ꮫ㸧
࢟ࣀ࣒࣊ࣉࣟࢸ࢖࣭ࣥ࢔࣑ࣥ⬺Ỉ⣲㓝⣲ࡢ⏕ྜᡂ࡟࠾ࡅࡿ࿘㎶㑇ఏᏊࡢᙺ๭
ฟཱྀ ㈗ᩥ
ಟኈ㸦⏕࿨ᶵ⬟㸧 ࢟ࣀ࣒࣊ࣉࣟࢸ࢖࣭ࣥ࢔࣑ࣥ⬺Ỉ⣲㓝⣲ࡢ⏕ྜᡂ࡟ᚲ㡲࡞㕲-◲㯤ࢡࣛࢫࢱ࣮
ఀ⸨ ᐶே
⤖ྜࢱࣥࣃࢡ㉁ࡢᶵ⬟ゎᯒ
ಟኈ㸦⏕࿨ᶵ⬟㸧 ⅖⑕ᚰ➽⣽⬊ࢆᶆⓗ࡜ࡍࡿᢠయ⤖ྜᆺ᰾㓟࢟ࣕࣜ࢔࣮ࡢ㛤Ⓨ
ᒣ⏣ ࿴ᘯ
ಟኈ㸦⏕࿨ᶵ⬟㸧 ከᵝ࡞ᢠయ⤖ྜ⬟ࢆ᭷ࡍࡿࣂ࢖࢜ࢼࣀ࢝ࣉࢭࣝࡢ㛤Ⓨ
ᒾᓮ ⱥὒ
༤ኈ㸦⏕࿨ᶵ⬟㸧 B ᆺ⫢⅖࢘࢖ࣝࢫእ⓶ࢱࣥࣃࢡ㉁⏤᮶ࣂ࢖࢜ࢼࣀ࢝ࣉࢭࣝ࠾ࡼࡧࡑࡢ࣏ࣜࢯ
ᒣ⏣ ග⏨
࣮࣒」ྜయࡢ⫢⣽⬊࡬ࡢ⤖ྜᵝᘧ࠾ࡼࡧ౵ධᶵᵓ࡟㛵ࡍࡿ◊✲
⛉Ꮫ◊✲㈝⿵ຓ㔠
༢఩㸸༓෇
ᣮᡓⓗⴌⱆ◊✲ ࣌ࣝ࢜࢟ࢩࢯ࣮࣒ࡢ࢖࣏࣮ࣥࢺᶵᵓࢆ฼⏝ࡋࡓ㧗ຠ⋡⺮ⓑ
1,040
㇂⃝ ඞ⾜
㉁ࢹࣜࣂ࣮ࣜࢩࢫࢸ࣒ࡢ㛤Ⓨ
ᇶ┙◊✲㸦C㸧
ከẁ㝵⩻ヂᚋಟ㣭཯ᛂࢆక࠺࢟ࣀ࣒࣊ࣉࣟࢸ࢖࣭ࣥ࢔࣑ࣥ
2,990
୰஭ ᛅᚿ
⬺Ỉ⣲㓝⣲ࡢ⏕ྜᡂࣉࣟࢭࢫ
ཷク◊✲
㇂⃝ ඞ⾜
㎰ᴗ࣭⏕≀⣔≉ᐃ⏘ᴗᢏ ࣂ࢖࢜ࢼࣀ࢝ࣉࢭࣝࡢᨵኚయస
6,000
⾡◊✲ᶵᵓ࣭⏕≀⣔≉ᐃ 〇ཬࡧ㔞⏘໬ᢏ⾡ࡢ☜❧
⏘ᴗᢏ⾡◊✲ᨭ᥼ࢭࣥࢱ
࣮㸦⏕≀⣔⏘ᴗ๰ฟࡢࡓ
ࡵࡢ␗ศ㔝⼥ྜ◊✲ᨭ᥼
஦ᴗ㸧
ᒸᓥ ಇⱥ
JST ◊✲ᡂᯝ᭱㐺ᒎ㛤ᨭ ከ๣⪏ᛶ⣽⳦㸦MRSA,VRE㸧࡟᭷
520
᥼஦ᴗ㸦A-STEP㸧ᮏ᱁◊ ຠ࡞᪂つᢠ⏕≀㉁ࡢ㛤Ⓨ
✲㛤Ⓨ ㉳ᴗᣮᡓࢱ࢖ࣉ
ዡᏛᐤ㝃㔠
㇂⃝ ඞ⾜
ࣅࢱ࣑ࣥ B ◊✲ጤဨ఍
145
⺮ⓑ㉁◊✲ዡບ఍
800
୰஭ ᛅᚿ
⏕య᝟ሗไᚚᏛ◊✲ศ㔝
ཎⴭㄽᩥ
[1]Structures of the multidrug exporter AcrB reveal a proximal multisite drug-binding pocket, R.
Nakashima, K. Sakurai, S.Yamasaki, K. Nishino, A. Yamaguchi: Nature, 480 (7378) (2011) 565-569.
[2]AcrA dependency of the AcrD efflux pump in Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium, S. Yamasaki,
S. Nagasawa, M. Hayashi-Nishino, A. Yamaguchi, and K. Nishino: The Journal of Antibiotics, 64 (6)
(2011) 433-437.
[3]Evaluation of multidrug efflux pump inhibitors by a new method using microfluidic channels, Y.
Matsumoto, K. Hayama, S. Sakakihara, K. Nishino, H. Noji, R. Iino, A. Yamaguchi: PLoS One, 6 (4)
(2011) e18547.
ᅜ㝿఍㆟
[1]Mechanism of multidrug recognition by the RamR regulatory protein required for the induction of the
AcrAB multidrug efflux pump (poster), S. Yamasaki, E. Nikaido, K. Sakurai, R. Nakashima, A.
Yamaguchi, K. Nishino: The 15th SANKEN International Symposium 2012, The 10th SANKEN
Nanotechnology Symposium.
[2]Immuno-electron tomography for elucidation of localization of the mutidrug efflux pumps in
Salmonella (poster), M. Hayashi-Nishino, A. Yamaguchi, K. Nishino: 7th Handai Nanoscience and
Nanotechnology International Symposium.
― 223 ―
[3]Peristaltic Mechanism of Multidrug Efflux Transporter AcrB Revealed by the Crystal Structure of
AcrB with High-Molecular-Weight Drugs (poster), R. Nakashima, K. Sakurai, S. Yamasaki, K. Nishino,
A. Yamaguchi: 7th Handai Nanoscience and Nanotechnology International Symposium.
[4]Deveropment of novel therapeutic strategies to tackle multidrug-resistant pathogens (poster), M.
Hayashi-Nishino, R. Nakashima, K. Sakurai, A. Yamaguchi, K. Nishino: FRANCE-JAPAN WORKSHOP,
Bio-inspired approaches:Micro- & Nano- Architectures, Materials & Imaging, Bordeaux, France, Oct.
11-12, 2011.
[5]Peristaltic mechanism of multidrug efflux transport (poster), A. Yamaguchi, R. Nakashima, K. Sakurai,
S. Yamasaki, K. Nishino: FRANCE-JAPAN WORKSHOP, Bio-inspired approaches:Micro- & NanoArchitectures, Materials & Imaging, Bordeaux, France, Oct. 11-12, 2011.
[6]Antibiotic Augmenting Activities of Phe-Arg-ȕ-Naphthylamide Based on its Membrane
Permeabilizing Effects (poster), Y. Matsumoto, K. Nishino, A. Yamaguchi: 51st Interscience Conference
on Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy(ICAAC), Chicago, USA, Sep. 17-20, 2011.
[7]Effect of efflux pump inhibition versus outer membrane permeabilization to antimicrobial activities of
ciprofloxacin and erythromycin against Pseudomonas aeruginosa (poster), Y. Matsumoto, K. Nishino, A.
Yamaguchi: International Union Microbiological Societies 2011 Congress/The 84th Annual Meeting of
Japanese Society for Bacteriology, Hokkaido, Japan, Sep. 6-10, 2011.
[8]AcrA dependency of the AcrD efflux pump in Salmonella enterica serovar typhimurium (poster), S.
Yamasaki, S. Nagasawa, M. Hayashi-Nishino, A. Yamaguchi, K. Nishino: International Union
Microbiological Societies 2011 Congress/The 84th Annual Meeting of Japanese Society for Bacteriology,
Hokkaido, Japan, Sep. 6-10, 2011.
[9]Functional analysis of mammalian SPNS2, a sphingosine 1-phosphate transporter (poster), Y. Hisano,
A. Yamaguchi, T. Nishi: FASEB Summer Research Conferences, Lysophospholipid Mediators in Health
and Disease, IL Ciocco, Lucca, Italy, Aug. 14-19, 2011.
[10]The Reguration of the AcrAB multidrug efflux pump in Salmonella (oral), S. Yamasaki, E. Nikaido,
K. Sakurai, R. Nakashima, A. Yamaguchi, K. Nishino: France 4th Symposium on Antimicrobial
Resistance in Animals and the Environment, Tours, France, Jun. 27-29, 2011.
[11]Structural basis of multidrug efflux (invited), A. Yamaguchi: The 80th Anniversary Commemoration
of Osaka University International Symposium Series,June 22, 2011 in Groningen.
ゎㄝࠊ⥲ㄝ
␗≀᤼ฟࢺࣛࣥࢫ࣏࣮ࢱ࣮࡟ࡼࡿከ๣ㄆ㆑ᶵᵓ, ୰ᓥ Ⰻ௓ࠊᒣཱྀ ᫂ே, ⣽⬊ᕤᏛ, Ꮫ◊࣓ࢹ
࢕࢝ࣝ⚽₶♫, 31[5] (2012), 529-534.
ከ๣⪏ᛶ⣽⳦ࡢ␗≀᤼ฟࢱࣥࣃࢡ㉁ࡢࡋࡃࡳࢆゎ᫂, ᒣཱྀ ᫂ேࠊ୰ᓥ Ⰻ௓, ໬Ꮫ, ໬Ꮫྠே,
67[74] (2012), 74.
≉チ
[1]ࠕ⣽⳦ࡲࡓࡣ┿⳦ࡢᢠ⳦⸆ឤཷᛶࡢ᳨ᰝ᪉ἲ࠾ࡼࡧࡑࢀ࡟⏝࠸ࡿࢩࢫࢸ࣒ࠖᯇᮏ ెᕭࠊⴥ
ᒣ ᾈᖹࠊᴬཎ ୍᪼ࠊす㔝 㑥ᙪࠊᒣཱྀ ᫂ேࠊ㔝ᆅ ༤⾜ࠊ㣤㔝 ுኴ, ≉㢪 2011-200036
ᅜෆᏛ఍
᪥ᮏ⸆Ꮫ఍➨ 132 ᖺ఍
➨ 85 ᅇ᪥ᮏ⣽⳦Ꮫ఍⥲఍
➨ 46 ᅇ⥳⮋⳦ឤᰁ⑕◊✲఍
1௳
5௳
1௳
― 224 ―
➨ 40 ᅇ⸆๣⪏ᛶ⳦◊✲఍
ᖹᡂ 23 ᖺᗘ ᪥ᮏ⤖ᬗᏛ఍ᖺ఍
➨ 59 ᅇ᪥ᮏ໬Ꮫ⒪ἲᏛ఍す᪥ᮏᨭ㒊⥲఍㸭➨ 54 ᅇ᪥ᮏឤᰁ⑕Ꮫ఍୰᪥ᮏᆅ
᪉఍Ꮫ⾡㞟఍
➨ 33 ᅇ⏕య⭷࡜⸆≀ࡢ┦஫స⏝ࢩ࣏ࣥࢪ࣒࢘
➨ 64 ᅇ᪥ᮏ⣽⳦Ꮫ఍㛵すᨭ㒊⥲఍
➨ 58 ᅇ᪥ᮏ໬Ꮫ⒪ἲᏛ఍ᮾ᪥ᮏᨭ㒊⥲఍㸭➨ 60 ᅇ᪥ᮏឤᰁ⑕Ꮫ఍ᮾ᪥ᮏᆅ
᪉Ꮫ⾡㞟఍ྜྠᏛ఍
➨ 84 ᅇ᪥ᮏ⏕໬Ꮫ኱఍
➨ 5 ᅇ⣽⳦Ꮫⱝᡭࢥࣟࢵࢭ࣒࢘
᪂Ꮫ⾡㡿ᇦ◊✲ࠕ㐣Ώⓗ」ྜయࠖබ㛤ࢩ࣏ࣥࢪ࣒࢘
➨ 59 ᅇ᪥ᮏ໬Ꮫ⒪ἲᏛ఍⥲఍
➨ 58 ᅇ᪥ᮏ⏕໬Ꮫ఍㏆␥ᨭ㒊౛఍
ྲྀᚓᏛ఩
⸆Ꮫኈ
RND ᆺ᤼ฟࢱࣥࣃࢡ㉁ࡢᇶ㉁ㄆ㆑ᶵᵓࡢゎ᫂
ᯘ ඞᙪ
ಟኈ㸦⸆Ꮫ㸧
␗≀᤼ฟࢺࣛࣥࢫ࣏࣮ࢱ࣮ከ๣ㄆ㆑ᶵᵓࡢゎ᫂
ᒣᓮ ⪷ྖ
ಟኈ㸦⸆Ꮫ㸧
ࢧࣝࣔࢿࣛ␗≀᤼ฟࢺࣛࣥࢫ࣏࣮ࢱ࣮ MacAB ࡢ⏕⌮ᶵ⬟ゎ᫂
኱㔝 ឡᏊ
⛉Ꮫ◊✲㈝⿵ຓ㔠
1௳
1௳
1௳
4௳
1௳
1௳
4௳
1௳
1௳
1௳
1௳
༢఩㸸༓෇
ᇶ┙◊✲㸦㹑㸧 ␗≀᤼ฟࢺࣛࣥࢫ࣏࣮ࢱ࣮ࡢᵓ㐀࣭ᶵ⬟࣭ไᚚ࡜⏕⌮ⓗᙺ
21,580
ᒣཱྀ ᫂ே
๭
ᇶ┙◊✲㸦C㸧
ࢫࣇ࢕ࣥࢦࢩࣥ㸯ࣜࣥ㓟㍺㏦యࡢྠᐃ࡜ࡑࡢከᵝᛶࡢゎ᫂
1,300
す Ẏ
᪂Ꮫ⾡㡿ᇦ◊✲ ᪂ࡋ࠸⏕⌮άᛶ⬡㉁ᨺฟ㍺㏦⣔ࡢ⥙⨶ⓗ᥈⣴࡜㍺㏦యᵓ㐀
9,490
す Ẏ
࡟ᇶ࡙ࡃᬑ㐢ⓗ㍺㏦ᶵᵓࡢゎ᫂
ཷク◊✲
ᒣཱྀ ᫂ே
་⸆ᇶ┙◊✲ᡤ ಖ೺
ከ๣⪏ᛶ⳦ឤᰁ⑕ࢆඞ᭹ࡍࡿ᪂
48,143
་⒪ศ㔝࡟࠾ࡅࡿᇶ♏
つ἞⒪⸆ࡢ㛤Ⓨ
◊✲᥎㐍஦ᴗᇶ♏◊✲
᥎㐍஦ᴗ
ඹྠ◊✲
ᒣཱྀ ᫂ே
ओࣇ࢓࢖ࣥ
Ⓨ㓝ἲ࡟ࡼࡿ࣒࣊㕲࣭ࣄ࢔ࣝࣟࣥ
0
㓟ࡢᐇ⏝໬
ࡑࡢ௚ࡢ➇தⓗ◊✲㈨㔠
୰ᓥ Ⰻ௓
஧ᅜ㛫஺ὶ஦ᴗ ඹྠ◊✲㸦ࣇࣛࣥࢫ㸧(H22-H2㸱)
⎔ቃࢩࢢࢼࣝ
2,500
࡟ࡼࡿࢧࣝࣔ
ࢿࣛ⸆๣⪏ᛶ
ㄏᑟ࡜ Ram ไ
ᚚᅉᏊࡢゎᯒ
⏕యศᏊᶵ⬟⛉Ꮫ◊✲ศ㔝
ཎⴭㄽᩥ
[1]Generation of chicken monoclonal antibodies against the a1, a2, and a3 subunit isoforms of
vacuolar-type proton ATPase., Sun-Wada, G.-H., Tabata, H., Kuhara, M., Kitahara, I., Takashima, Y., and
Wada, Y.: Hybridoma, 30 (2) (2011) 199-203.
[2]The a3 isoform vacuolar type H䰉 -ATPase promotes distant metastasis in the mouse B16 melanoma
cells., Nishisho T, Hata K, Nakanishi M, Morita Y, Sun-Wada GH, Wada Y, Yasui N, Yoneda T.: Mol
Cancer Res, 9 (7) (2011) 845-855.
[3]Vacuolar H(+)-ATPase subunits Voa1 and Voa2 cooperatively regulate secretory vesicle acidification,
― 225 ―
transmitter uptake, and storage., Saw NM, Kang SY, Parsaud L, Han GA, Jiang T, Grzegorczyk K,
Surkont M, Sun-Wada GH, Wada Y, Li L, Sugita S: Mol Biol Cell, 22 (18) (2011) 3394-3409.
[4]Prorenin receptor is essential for normal podocyte structure and function., Oshima Y, Kinouchi K,
Ichihara A, Sakoda M, Kurauchi-Mito A, Bokuda K, Narita T, Kurosawa H, Sun-Wada GH, Wada Y,
Yamada T, Takemoto M, Saleem MA, Quaggin SE, Itoh H.: J Am Soc Nephrol, 22 (12) (2011)
2203-2212.
[5]An expanded palette of genetically encoded Ca2+ indicators., Zhao Y, Araki S, Wu J, Teramoto T,
Chang Y, Nakano M, Abdelfattah AS, Fujiwara M, Ishihara T, Nagai T, Campbell RE: Science, 6051
(333) (2011) 1888-1891.
[6]Quantitative comparison of genetically encoded Ca2+ indicators in cortical pyramidal cells and
cerebellar Purkinje cells., Yamada Y, Michikawa T, Hashimoto M, Horikawa K, Nagai T, Miyawaki A,
Hausser M, Mikoshiba K.: Front Cell Neurosci, 18 (5) (2011) 1-10.
[7]Conjugation of both on-axis and off-axis light in Nipkow disk confocal microscope to increase
availability of incoherent light source., : Cell Struct Fun, 36 (2) (2011) 237-246.
[8]Ca2+ Regulation of Mitochondrial ATP Synthesis Visualized at the Single Cell Level., Nakano M,
Imamura H, Nagai T, Noji H: ACS Chemical Biology, 7 (6) (2011) 709̽715.
[9]Facilitated intracellular transport of TrkA by an interaction with nerve growth factor., Nomura M,
Nagai T, Harada Y, Tani T.: Developmental Neurobiology, 71 (7) (2011) 634-649.
[10]Chromophore-assisted light inactivation of HaloTag fusion proteins labeled with eosin in living cells.,
Takemoto K, Matsuda T, McDougall M, Klaubert DH, Hasegawa A, Los GV, Wood KV, Miyawaki A,
Nagai T.: ACS Chem Biol., 6 (5) (2011) 401-406.
[11]Imaging the dynamics of intracellular protein translocation by photoconversion of
phamret-cybr/ROM., Yang L, Matsuda T, Raviraj V, Ching YW, Braet F, Nagai T, Soon LL.: , 242 (3)
(2011) 250-261.
ᅜ㝿఍㆟
[1]Endocytic organelles in mouse gastrulae: multiple roles in spatiotemporal signalling during early
embryogenesis. (invited), Wada Y: ➨ 63 ᅇ᪥ᮏ⣽⬊⏕≀Ꮫ఍, 6/20, 2011, ᮐᖠ.
[2]Endocytic regulation of BMP signalling during mouse gastrulation. (invited), Wada Y: EMBO
workshop on Lineage Commitments, Lueven, Belgium, Provinciehuis, May 25-27, 2011.
[3]Delivery of endosome to vacuole via microautophagy in visceral endoderm of mouse embryo. (poster),
Sun-Wada GH and Wada Y: EMBO workshop on Lineage Commitments, Lueven, Belgium,
Provinciehuis, May 25-27, 2011.
[4](Pro)renin Receptor is Essential for Expression of Slit Diaphragm Proteins in Murine Podocytes. (oral),
Ichihara, A, Oshima, Y., Kurauchi-Mito, A., Kurosawa, H., Sun-Wada, GH., Wada, Y., Yamada, T.,
Takemoto, M., Saleem, MA., Quaggin, SE., Itoh, H: High Blood Pressure Research, Orlando, FL, USA,
20-24, Sep, 2011.
[5]High performance genetically-encoded auto-luminescent Ca2+ indicators, SuperBRACs. (oral), Nagai
T: Focus on Microscopy 2011.
[6]Autoluminescent imaging tools for comnibing use with optogenetic technology. (invited), Nagai T:
44th Annual Meeting of the Japanese Society of Developmental Biologists.
― 226 ―
[7]Auto-luminescent Genetically-Encoded Ratiometric Indicator for Real-time Ca2+ Imaging at the
Single Cell Level. (invited), Nagai T: ICAS 2011.
[8]Invention of high performance bright luminescent proteins used as a nanolight source. (invited), Nagai
T: Academia Sinica & Joint Workshop on ”Innovative use of light and nano/bio materials".
[9]Invention of high performance bright luminescent proteins used as a nanolight source (invited), Nagai
T: ࠕගࡢ฼⏝࡜≀㉁ᮦᩱ࣭⏕࿨ᶵ⬟ࠖ㡿ᇦ఍㆟.
[10]Auto-luminescent imaging tools for combining use with optogenetic technology (invited), Nagai T:
➨ 63 ᅇ᪥ᮏ⣽⬊⏕≀Ꮫ఍኱఍.
[11]ග࡛ᣅࡃࢼࣀࣂ࢖࢜ࢸࢡࣀࣟࢪ࣮ (invited), Ọ஭ ೺἞: ໭ᾏ㐨኱Ꮫ ࢼࣀࢸࢡࣀࣟࢪ࣮࣭ࢼ
ࣀࢧ࢖࢚ࣥࢫᴫㄽ .
[12]Toward deciphering biological phenomena by genetically-encoded molecular spies (invited), Nagai T:
IFReC Imaging-Immunology Interactive Seminar.
[13]ࢼࣀࣂ࢖࢜ࡢྍ⬟ᛶࢆᣅࡃ (invited), Ọ஭ ೺἞: ᪥⊂ಟዲ 150 ࿘ᖺグᛕࢩ࣏ࣥࢪ࣒࢘ࠕே
㢮ࡢᮍ᮶ࢆᣅࡃ◊✲⪅ࡢࢢࣛࣥࢻࢳࣕࣞࣥࢪࢆᨭ࠼ࡿ᪥⊂ࡢྲྀࡾ⤌ࡳࠖ.
[14]Auto-luminescent imaging tools for combining use with optogenetic technology. (oral), Nagai T:
Workshop on single cell analysis.
[15]Imaging Probes for Neuronal Cell Biology. (invited), Nagai T: OIST Developmental Neurobiology
Course.
[16]ᑠᩘᛶ⏕≀Ꮫ࡜ࡣ (invited), Ọ஭ ೺἞: JST࣭ࡉࡁࡀࡅࠕගࡢ฼⏝࡜≀㉁ᮦᩱ࣭⏕࿨ᶵ⬟ࠖ
➨୍ᮇ⏕◊✲஺ὶ఍.
[17]⺯ග࣭໬ᏛⓎගࢱࣥࣃࢡ㉁ࢆ౑ࡗ࡚ (invited), Ọ஭ ೺἞: ➨ 20 ᅇ὾ᯇ་⛉኱Ꮫ࣓ࢹ࢕࢝ࣝ
ࣇ࢛ࢺࢽࢡࢫ࣭ࢥ࣮ࢫ.
[18]኱⮬↛࠿ࡽࡢ⣲ᬕࡽࡋ࠸㉗ࡾ≀㸫⥳Ⰽ⺯ගࢱࣥࣃࢡ㉁࡜࢖ࢡ࢜ࣜࣥ㸫 (invited), Ọ஭ ೺
἞: ➨㸰㸮ᅇ᪥ᮏࣂ࢖࢜࢖࣓࣮ࢪࣥࢢᏛ఍Ꮫ⾡㞟఍ බ㛤ࢩ࣏ࣥࢪ࣒࢘.
[19]⺯ග࣭໬ᏛⓎගࢱࣥࣃࢡ㉁ࢆ⏝࠸ࡓࣂ࢖࢜࢖࣓࣮ࢪࣥࢢᢏ⾡ࡢ⌧≧࡜ᒎᮃ (invited), Ọ஭
೺἞: ➨㸰㸮ᅇ᪥ᮏࣂ࢖࢜࢖࣓࣮ࢪࣥࢢᏛ఍Ꮫ⾡㞟఍.
[20]⺯ගࢱࣥࣃࢡ㉁ࢆ౑⏝ࡋࡓศᏊືែィ ࡜໬ᏛⓎගࢱࣥࣃࢡ㉁࡟ࡼࡿḟୡ௦ࣂ࢖࢜࢖࣓࣮
ࢪࣥࢢ (invited), Ọ஭ ೺἞: ➨㸲㸷ᅇ᪥ᮏ⏕≀≀⌮Ꮫ఍ᖺ఍.
[21]What should we learn from light emitting organisms? Efficient energy transfer and its application for
bioimaging (invited), Nagai T: ➨㸲㸷ᅇ᪥ᮏ⏕≀≀⌮Ꮫ఍ᖺ఍.
[22]Halo Tag ࢸࢡࣀࣟࢪ࣮࡟ࡼࡿศᏊᶵ⬟ࡢ᫬✵㛫ⓗග୙άᛶ໬࡜㉸㧗㍤ᗘ໬ᏛⓎගࢱࣥࣃࢡ
㉁࡟ࡼࡿࣜ࢔ࣝࢱ࢖࣒࢖࣓࣮ࢪࣥࢢ (invited), Ọ஭ ೺἞: 2011 Promega New Technology
Seminar.
[23]ࢩ࣏ࣥࢪ࣒࢘㸸㸯ศᏊ⏕≀Ꮫ࡜⏕໬Ꮫࡢ⊃㛫࡟₯ࡴࢼࣀࢩࢫࢸ࣒ືసຊᏛࡢ⌮ゎࢆ┠ᣦࡋ࡚
(oral), Ọ஭ ೺἞: ➨㸶㸲ᅇ᪥ᮏ⏕໬Ꮫ఍኱఍.
[24]㑇ఏⓗ࡟ࢥ࣮ࢻࡉࢀࡓศᏊࢫࣃ࢖࡟ࡼࡿ⏕࿨⌧㇟ࡢゎ᫂࡟ྥࡅ࡚ (invited), Ọ஭ ೺἞: ྡ
― 227 ―
ྂᒇ኱Ꮫ་Ꮫ㒊ࢭ࣑ࢼ࣮.
[25]Imaging tools applicable in conjunction with optogenetic technology (invited), Nagai T: ⏕⌮Ꮫ◊✲
ᡤ◊✲఍ࠕ㉸㝵ᒙࢩࢢࢼࣝఏ㐩◊✲ࡢ᪂ᒎ㛤ࠖ.
[26]New Horizon of Photonic Bioimaging. (invited), Nagai T: "ග࢖࣓࣮ࢪࣥࢢ࡟㛵ࡍࡿᅜ㝿ࢩ࣏ࣥࢪ
࣒࢘ 㸤 WS2011 ࢧࢳࣛ࢖ࢺࢩ࣏ࣥࢪ࣒࢘㸸ࣄࢺࡢ⏕≀᫬ィ㸫᫬㛫㝸㞳ᐇ㦂 50 ࿘ᖺグᛕ㸫.
[27]Spying biological events in living cells by genetically-encoded functional indicators. (invited), Nagai
T: The third RIES-CIS international Symposium.
[28]ࡇࢀࡲ࡛ࡢ㐨ࡢࡾ࡜ᑗ᮶࡟ࡴࡅ࡚ (invited), Ọ஭ ೺἞: ᮾிዪᏊ་⛉኱Ꮫ G-COE ⱝᡭ⫱ᡂ
ྜᐟ.
[29]Auto-luminescent genetically encoded ratiometric indicator for real-time Ca2+ imaging at the single
cell level. (invited), Nagai T: SPIE Smart Nano+Micro Materials and Devices 2011.
[30]Genetically-encoded technologies to quantitatively visualize and manipulate biomolecule in living
cells (invited), Nagai T: ➨ 34 ᅇ᪥ᮏศᏊ⏕≀Ꮫ఍ᖺ఍.
[31]Auto-luminescent functional probes applicable in conjunction with photo-manipulation technology
including optogenetic tools (invited), Nagai T: Promega Dynamic Connection.
[32]ಶ࡜ከᩘࡢ⊃㛫ࡀ⧊ࡾ࡞ࡍ⏕࿨⌧㇟ࡢゎ᫂ࢆ┠ᣦࡋ࡚ (invited), Ọ஭ ೺἞: ᩘ⌮㐃ᦠ 10 ࡢ
᰿ᮏၥ㢟ࡢⓎ᥀.
[33]⏕⌮ᶵ⬟ࡢග᧯స࡜ྍど໬ᢏ⾡ (invited), Ọ஭ ೺἞: ᮾி኱Ꮫ ་Ꮫඹ㏻ㅮ⩏ III ᶵ⬟⏕≀
Ꮫධ㛛 ᪂ᇶ┙⏕࿨Ꮫㅮ⩏ ⣽⬊ศᏊ⸆⌮Ꮫ.
[34]Revolutionary bioimaging with super-duper luminescent proteins. (invited), Nagai T: Molecular
Imaging and Systems Biology.
[35]Conformational fluctuations of Ras revealed by single molecule fluorescence resonance energy
transfer. (invited), Y. Arai: Innovative NanoBiodevice based on Single-Molecule Analysis.
[36]Photoactivatable Ca2+ Indicator to Visualize Biological Events in Single Arbitrary Cells Within
Tissues / Whole Body. (oral), Matsuda T.: Gordon Research Conferences, Calcium Signalling, Colby
College, USA, June 26-July 1, 2011.
ゎㄝࠊ⥲ㄝ
⏕≀Ⓨගࢆ฼⏝ࡋࡓ⣽⬊ෆ࢝ࣝࢩ࣒࢘࢖࣓࣮ࢪࣥࢢ, 㰻⸨೺ኴࠊỌ஭೺἞, ⏕≀≀⌮, ᪥ᮏ⏕≀
≀⌮Ꮫ఍, 299[52] (2011), 30-31.
⣽⬊ᛶ⢓⳦ࡢ㞟ྜὶᙧᡂ࡟࠾ࡅࡿ⣽⬊㛫ࢩࢢࢼࣝఏ㐩, ᇼᕝ୍ᶞࠊỌ஭೺἞, ⏕≀ࡢ⛉Ꮫ 㑇ఏ,
NTS, 65 (2011), 87-91.
໬ᏛⓎගࢆ฼⏝ࡋࡓ⏕࿨ᶵ⬟ࡢྍど໬, 㰻⸨೺ኴࠊỌ஭೺἞, ໬Ꮫ࡜⏕≀, බ┈♫ᅋἲே᪥ᮏ㎰
ⱁ໬Ꮫ఍, 49 (2011), 555-559.
ᅜ㝿఍㆟ࡢ⤌⧊ጤဨࠊᅜ㝿㞧ㄅࡢ⦅㞟ጤဨ
Ọ஭ ೺἞
᪥⡿ඛ➃⛉Ꮫ(JAFoS)ࢩ࣏ࣥࢪ࣒࢘ (ࣉࣛࣥࢽࣥࢢ࣭ࢢ࣮ࣝࣉ࣭࣓ࣥࣂ࣮୺ᰝ)
ᅜෆᏛ఍
➨ 84 ᅇ᪥ᮏෆศἪ್Ꮫ఍Ꮫ⾡⥲఍
2௳
1௳
ࠕගࡢ฼⏝࡜≀㉁ᮦᩱ࣭⏕࿨ᶵ⬟ࠖ㡿ᇦ఍㆟
― 228 ―
➨ 63 ᅇ᪥ᮏ⣽⬊⏕≀Ꮫ఍኱఍
IFReC Imaging-Immunology Interactive Seminar
JST࣭ࡉࡁࡀࡅࠕගࡢ฼⏝࡜≀㉁ᮦᩱ࣭⏕࿨ᶵ⬟ࠖ➨୍ᮇ⏕◊✲஺ὶ఍
➨ 20 ᅇ὾ᯇ་⛉኱Ꮫ࣓ࢹ࢕࢝ࣝࣇ࢛ࢺࢽࢡࢫ࣭ࢥ࣮ࢫ
➨㸰㸮ᅇ᪥ᮏࣂ࢖࢜࢖࣓࣮ࢪࣥࢢᏛ఍Ꮫ⾡㞟఍
➨㸲㸷ᅇ᪥ᮏ⏕≀≀⌮Ꮫ఍ᖺ఍
2011 Promega New Technology Seminar
➨㸶㸲ᅇ᪥ᮏ⏕໬Ꮫ఍኱఍
⏕⌮Ꮫ◊✲ᡤ◊✲఍ࠕ㉸㝵ᒙࢩࢢࢼࣝఏ㐩◊✲ࡢ᪂ᒎ㛤ࠖ
ᮾிዪᏊ་⛉኱Ꮫ G-COE ⱝᡭ⫱ᡂྜᐟ
➨ 34 ᅇ᪥ᮏศᏊ⏕≀Ꮫ఍ᖺ఍
Promega Dynamic Connection
ᩘ⌮㐃ᦠ 10 ࡢ᰿ᮏၥ㢟ࡢⓎ᥀
᪂Ꮫ⾡㡿ᇦࠕືࡃ⣽⬊࡜ሙࡢࢡࣟࢫࢺ࣮ࢡ࡟ࡼࡿ⛛ᗎࡢ⏕ᡂࠖ➨㸯බ㛤ࢩ࣏ࣥ
ࢪ࣒࢘ࠕືࡃ⣽⬊࡜ሙࢆㄞࡴࠖ
➨ 17 ᅇ⣽⬊⏕≀Ꮫ࣮࣡ࢡࢩࣙࢵࣉ
➨ 18 ᅇ⣽⬊⏕≀Ꮫ࣮࣡ࢡࢩࣙࢵࣉ
⏕⌮◊◊✲఍-㉸㝵ᒙࢩࢢࢼࣝఏ㐩◊✲ࡢ᪂ᒎ㛤⛉Ꮫ◊✲㈝⿵ຓ㔠
᪂Ꮫ⾡㡿ᇦ◊
✲(ィ⏬◊✲)
Ọ஭ ೺἞
᪂Ꮫ⾡㡿ᇦ◊
✲(⥲ᣓ)
Ọ஭ ೺἞
᪂Ꮫ⾡㡿ᇦ◊
✲(බເ)
㰺⸨ ೺ኴ
ⱝᡭ(B)
᪂஭ ⏤அ
ⱝᡭ(A)
ᯇ⏣ ▱ᕫ
᪂Ꮫ⾡㡿ᇦ◊
✲(බເ)
ᯇ⏣ ▱ᕫ
᪂Ꮫ⾡㡿ᇦ◊
✲
࿴⏣ ὒ
ཷク◊✲
Ọ஭ ೺἞
Ọ஭ ೺἞
ዡᏛᐤ㝃㔠
Ọ஭ ೺἞
Ọ஭ ೺἞
ඹྠ◊✲
Ọ஭ ೺἞
Ọ஭ ೺἞
ศᏊࣉ࣮ࣟࣈ࡜ගᦤືࢶ࣮ࣝࡢ㛤Ⓨʊᑡᩘ⏕యศᏊࡢྍど
໬࣭᧯సᢏ⾡ʊ
1௳
1௳
1௳
1௳
1௳
1௳
1௳
1௳
1௳
1௳
1௳
1௳
1௳
1௳
3௳
1௳
1௳
༢఩㸸༓෇
65,260
ᑡᩘᛶ⏕≀Ꮫ㸫ಶ࡜ከᩘࡢ⊃㛫ࡀ࠾ࡾ࡞ࡍ⏕࿨⌧㇟ࡢ᥈ồ
㸫
16,770
ศ๭㹐㹪㹳㹡࣮㹔㹣㹬㹳㹱ࢆ⏝࠸ࡓࢩࢼࣉࢫᙧᡂ࣭ᾘኻࡢ
ࣜ࢔ࣝࢱ࢖࣒࢖࣓࣮ࢪࣥࢢ
5,460
㔠ᒓቑᙉຠᯝ࡟ࡼࡿ㉸Ᏻᐃ㸯ศᏊィ ἲࡢ☜❧
2,600
❧యᵓ㐀᝟ሗࢆ฼⏝ࡋࡓ㧗㍤ᗘ⺯ගࢱࣥࣃࢡ㉁ࡢྜ⌮ⓗ࡞
ࢹࢨ࢖ࣥἲࡢ㛤Ⓨ
ಶయ࣭⤌⧊࡛ࡢ㸯⣽⬊ᶵ⬟࢖࣓࣮ࢪࣥࢢࢆྍ⬟࡟ࡍࡿගά
ᛶ໬ᶵ⬟ࢭࣥࢧ࣮ࢱࣥࣃࢡ㉁
4,420
ึᮇ⬇⣽⬊ࢥ࣑ࣗࢽࢸ࢕࣮࡟࠾ࡅࡿ⣽⬊እࢩࢢࢼࣝࡢゎᯒ
10,140
⊂❧⾜ᨻἲே ᪂࢚ࢿ
ࣝࢠ࣮࣭⏘ᴗᢏ⾡⥲ྜ㛤
Ⓨᶵᵓ
⊂❧⾜ᨻἲே ⛉Ꮫᢏ
⾡᣺⯆ᶵᵓ
᪂ࡋ࠸ཎ⌮࡟ᇶ࡙ࡃ྾཰ቑᖜ㢧
ᚤ㙾ࡢ㛤Ⓨ࡜⏕≀◊✲ᛂ⏝
18,460
ࢼࣀࢧ࢖ࢬ㧗㍤ᗘࣂ࢖࢜ග※ࡢ
㛤Ⓨ࡜⏕࿨ᶵ⬟ィ ࡬ࡢᛂ⏝
16,380
Ṋ⏣⛉Ꮫ᣺⯆㈈ᅋ
ᑑཎグᛕ㈈ᅋ
ᰴᘧ఍♫࢜ࣉࢺࣛ࢖ࣥ
ᰴᘧ఍♫ࢽࢥࣥ࢖ࣥࢫ
ࢸࢵࢡ
4,680
10,000
1,000
࢖ࣥࢥࣄ࣮ࣞࣥࢺග※ࢆ฼⏝ࡋ
ࡓඹ↔Ⅼ㢧ᚤ㙾ࡢ㧗ຠ⋡໬࣭ከᶵ
⬟໬࡟㛵ࡍࡿ◊✲
⏕యศᏊࡢග᧯స࡜ྍど໬ࢆྠ
᫬࡟ྍ⬟࡟ࡍࡿ㢧ᚤ㙾ࢩࢫࢸ࣒
― 229 ―
8,285
6,160
Ọ஭ ೺἞
ᰴᘧ఍♫ࢽࢥࣥ
Ọ஭ ೺἞
ࣃࢼࢯࢽࢵࢡᰴᘧ఍♫
㛤Ⓨ
iPS ⣽⬊⏤᮶ศ໬ㄏᑟ⣽⬊ࡢ⸆๣
స⏝ᶵᗎࢫࢡ࣮ࣜࢽࣥࢢ⏝⺯ග
࣐࣮࢝ᮦᩱࡢసᡂ࡜ホ౯࡟㛵ࡍ
ࡿ◊✲
㧗㍤ᗘⓎග࣭⺯ගࢱࣥࣃࢡࢆ⏝࠸
ࡓࢣ࣑࢝ࣝࢭࣥࢧ࡟㛵ࡍࡿ◊✲
2,090
550
᭱ඛ➃◊✲㛤Ⓨᨭ᥼ࣉࣟࢢ࣒ࣛ
ཎⴭㄽᩥ
[1]Development of Microfabricated TiO2 Channel Waveguides, Masayuki Furuhashi, Masazumi Fujiwara,
Takahito Ohshiro, Makusu Tustsui, Kazuki Matsubara, Masateru Taniguchi, Shigeki Takeuchi, Tomoji
Kawai: AIP Advances, 1 (3) (2011) 032102(1-5).
[2]Study on transport pathway in oxide nanowire growth by using spacing-controlled regular array,
Annop Klamchuen, Takeshi Yanagida, Masaki Kanai, Kazuki Nagashima, Keisuke Oka, Sakon Rahong,
Meng Gang, Mati Horprathum, Masaru Suzuki, Yoshiki Hidaka, Shoichi Kai, Kawai Tomoji: Applied
Physics Letters, 99 (19) (2011) 193105(1-3).
[3]Gate Manipulation of DNA Capture into Nanopores, Yuhui He, Makusu Tustsui, Chun Fan, Masateru
Taniguchi, Tomoji Kawai: ACS Nano, 5 (10) (2011) 8391-8397.
[4]Spatial Nonuniformity in Resistive-Switching Memory Effects of NiO, Keisuke Oka, Takeshi
Yanagida, Kazuki Nagashima, Masaki Kanai, Tomoji Kawai, Jin-Soo Kim, Bae Ho Park: Journal of the
American Chemical Society, 133 (32) (2011) 12482-12485.
[5]Single-molecule sensing electrode embedded in-plane nanopore, Makusu Tustsui, Sakon Rahong,
Yoko Iizumi, Toshiya Okazaki, Masateru Taniguchi, Tomoji Kawai: Scientific Reports, 1 (2011) 1-6.
[6]Controlling DNA Translocation through Gate Modulation of Nanopore Wall Surface Charges, Yuhui
He, Makusu Tustsui, Chun Fan, Masateru Taniguchi, Tomoji Kawa: ACS NANO, 5 (7) (2011) 5509-5518.
[7]Essential role of catalyst in vapor-liquid-solid growth of compounds, Masaru Suzuki, Yoshiki Hidaka,
Takeshi Yanagida, Annop Klamchuen, Masaki Kanai, Tomoji Kawai and Shoichi Kai: Physical Review E,
83 (2011) 061606(1-4).
[8]Electrical Detection of Single Methylcytosines in a DNA Oligomer, Makusu Tustsui, Kazuki
Matsubara, Takahito Ohshiro, Masayuki Furuhashi, Masateru Taniguchi, Tomoji Kawai: Journal of the
American Chemical Society, 133 (23) (2011) 9124-9128.
[9]Intrinsic Mechanisms of Memristive Switching, Kazuki Nagashima, Takeshi Yanagida, Keisuke Oka,
Masaki Kanai, Annop Klamchuen, Jin-Soo Kim, Bae Ho Park, Tomoji Kawai: NANO LETTERS, 11 (5)
(2011) 2114-2118.
[10]Dopant homogeneity and transport properties of impurity-doped oxide nanowires, Annop Klamchuen,
Takeshi Yanagida, Masaki Kanai, Kazuki Nagashima, Keisuke Oka, Shu Seki, Masaru Suzuki, Yoshiki
Hidaka, Shoichi Kai and Tomoji Kawai: Applied Physics Letters, 98 (5) (2011) 053107(1-3).
[11]Unsymmetrical hot electron heating in quasi-ballistic nanocontacts, Makusu Tsutsui,
Masateru Taniguchi: Scientific Reports, 2 (2012) 217.
Tomoji Kawai,
[12]Electrical detection of single pollen allergen particles using electrode-embedded microchannels:,
Chihiro Kawaguchi, Tetsuya Noda, Makusu Tsutsui, Masateru Taniguchi, Satoyuki Kawano and Tomoji
Kawai: Journal of Physics:Condensed Matter, 24 (2012) 164202.
― 230 ―
[13]Single-nanoparticle detections using a low-aspect ratio pore: ACS, Makusu Tsutsui, Sadato Hongo,
Yuhui He, Masateru Taniguchi, Nobuhiro Gemma, Tomoji Kawai: ACS Nano, 6 (2012) 3499-3505.
ᅜ㝿఍㆟
[1]Development of Gating Nanopores for Single-Molecule DNA Electrical Sequencing (invited), T.
Kawai: NHGRI Advanced Sequencing Technology Development Meeting, San Diego, USA, April 06-07,
2011.
[2]Gating Nanopores for Single-Molecule DNA Electrical Sequencing (invited), T. Kawai:
䞲ῃ㎎⧒⹏䞯䣢 2011 ⎚ 㿮Ἒ㽳䣢 ⹥ 㡆 ῂ⹲䚲䣢 (2011 ᖺ 㡑ᅜ㝡☢ჾᏛ఍), Ỉཎ, 㡑ᅜ, April
21-22, 2011.
[3]Nanotechnology for advanced devices---Thin film formation, nanofabrication and device application in
electronics and biotechnology--- (oral), T. Kawai: Anhui Institute of Optics and Fine Mechanics, Chinese
Academy of Science ࢭ࣑ࢼ࣮, Hefei, May 26-30, 2011.
[4]Gating Nanopores for Single-Molecule DNA Electrical Sequencing (invited), T. Kawai: ISMM 2011 in
Conjunction with the KBCS Spring Meeting, Seoul, Korea, June 02-04, 2011.
[5]Gating Nanopores for Single-Molecule DNA Electrical Sequencing (invited), T. Kawai:
GeneExpression Systems & Appasani Research Conferences (ARCEI.ORG) Jointly Presents, Fourth
International Epigenomics, Sequencing & SNiPs-2011, Boston, USA, July 11-12, 2011.
[6]Development of Gating Nanopores for Next-Next DNA Sequencing using Mechanically Controllable
Break-Junctions (invited), M. Taniguchi: ASME-JSME-KSME Jpint Fluids Engineering Conference 2011,
Hamamatsu, July 24-29, 2011.
[7]Mechanical Controlled Break Junction to Gating Nanopore for Single Biomolecule Electrical
Sequencing (oral), T. Kawai: 11th International Conference on Atomically Controlled Surfaces, Interfaces
and Nanostructures (ACSIN 2011), St. Petersburg, Russia, October 3-7, 2011.
[8]Gating Nanopores for Single-Molecule DNA Electrical Sequencing (invited), T. Kawai: IEEE
Nanotechnology Materials and Devices Conference 2011 (IEEE NMDC 2011), Jeju, Korea, October
18-21, 2011.
[9]Scanning Probe Microscope for DNA Sequencing and Cell Surgery (invited), T. Kawai: 2011 ⎚
Ṗ㦚䞯㑶⏒ⶎ⹲䚲䣢 ⹥ 㧚㔲㽳䣢㸦2011 ᖺ⛅Ꮨ≀⌮Ꮫ఍఍㆟ Ꮫ⾡ㄽᩥⓎ⾲఍ཬࡧ⮫᫬⥲఍㸧
The Korean Physical Society Autumn Meeting 2011, Busan, Korea, October 19-21, 2011.
[10]Innovative Nano-Biodevices for DNA and related molecules: STM and Gating Nanopore (invited), T.
Kawai: ASIASENSE 2011(The 5th International Conference on sensors),Jeju, Korea, October 23-26,
2011.
[11]Nanotechnology for Single Molecular DNA Sequencing —STM and Gating Nanopore— (plenary), T.
Kawai: 7th Handai Nanoscience and Nanotechnology International Symposium -Nanoscience and
Nanotechnology in the Next Ten Years-, Suita, Japan, November 10-11, 2011.
[12]Innovative Nano-Biodevices for DNA and related molecules: STM and Gating Nanopore (invited), T.
Kawai: ໭ᾏ㐨኱Ꮫ㟁Ꮚ⛉Ꮫ◊✲ᡤᅜ㝿ࢩ࣏ࣥࢪ࣒࢘, Sapporo, Japan, November 21-22, 2011.
[13]Nanotechnology for Single Molecular DNA Sequencing—STM and Gating Nanopore— (plenary), T.
Kawai: 33rd International Symposium on Dry Process (DPS2011), Kyoto, Japan, November 10-11, 2011.
― 231 ―
[14]Innovative Nano-Biodevices for DNA and related molecules: STM and Gating Nanopore (invited), T.
Kawai: BMMP-12, Nagoya, Japan, January 24-27, 2012.
[15]Research on the Detection of DNA single molecule using Nano Pore (invited), T. Kawai: Seminar on
Hoseo University BK21, Asan, Korea, January 17, 2012.
[16]Gating-Nanopores for Single Molecule DNA Sequencing (plenary), T. Kawai: Nanopores Conference
2012 - Zing conferences, Puerto Celero, Spain, February 06-10, 2012.
[17]DNA sequencing by Nanopore devices and its application to Health Science (invited), T. Kawai: ࢱ
࢖࣭ࢳ࢙࣐ࣥ࢖኱Ꮫࠊthe Health Science Seminar, Chiang Mai, Thailand, February 27-29, 2012.
[18]Innovative Nano-Biodevices for DNA and related molecules: STM and Gating Nanopore (invited), T.
Kawai: DNA Nanotechnology: From Structure to Function, Shanghai, China, May 16-18, 2012.
[19]Single Molecule Electrical Sequencing of DNA and RNA Using Integrated Gating Nanopores
(plenary), T. Kawai: ISIN 2012 (International Symposium on Innovative Nanobiodevices), Nagoya,
Japan, May 21-22, 2012.
[20]In-plane gating nanopore for single-molecule electrical DNA sequencing (poster), M. Tsutsui, R.
Sakon, M. Taniguchi, T. Kawai: 7th Handai Nanoscience and Nanotechnology International Symposium
-Nanoscience and Nanotechnology in the Next Ten Years-, Suita, Japan, November 10-11, 2011.
[21]Electrode-embedded in-plane nanopore for electrical DNA sequencing (poster), M. Tsutsui, R. Sakon,
Y. He, M. Taniguchi, T. Kawai: ISIN 2012 (International Symposium on Innovative Nanobiodevices),
Nagoya, Japan, May 21-22, 2012.
[22]Single-Molecule Tunnel-Current Detection Towards a Sequencing of Oligonucleotides (poster), T.
Ohshiro, K. Matsubara, M. Tustsui, M. Furuhashi, M. Taniguchi, T. Kawai: G㹪obal Technology
Congress, 1st Next Generation Sequencer Congress, San Francisco, USA, July 07-08, 2011.
[23]Single-Molecule Indntification of DNA/RNA Towards Tunnel-Current Based Genome Sequencing
(invited), T. Ohshiro: ISIN 2012 (International Symposium on Innovative Nanobiodevices), Nagoya,
Japan, May 21-22, 2012.
[24]Development of microfabricated TiO2 channel waveguide and the effect of a gap (poster), M.
Furuhashi, M. Fujiwara, T. Ohshiro, M. Tustsui, K. Matsubara, M. Taniguchi, S. Takeuchi, T. Kawai: The
6th International Symposium on Surface Science and Nanotechnology(ISSS-6), Tokyo, Japan, December
11-15, 2011.
[25]Properties of a TiO2 channel waveguide with a submicrometer-scale gap (poster), M. Furuhashi, T.
Ohshiro, M. Tustsui, K. Matsubara, M. Taniguchi, T. Kawai: ISIN 2012 (International Symposium on
Innovative Nanobiodevices), Nagoya, Japan, May 21-22, 2012.
[26]DNA Translocation through Nanopore under Salt Gradinet (poster), Y. He, M. Tsutsui, M. Taniguchi,
T. Kawai: ISIN 2012 (International Symposium on Innovative Nanobiodevices), Nagoya, Japan, May
21-22, 2012.
≉チ
[1]ࠕ≀㉁ࡢ⛣ື㏿ᗘࡢไᚚ᪉ἲ࠾ࡼࡧไᚚ⿦⨨ࠊ୪ࡧ࡟ࠊࡇࢀࡽࡢ฼⏝ࠖᕝྜ▱஧ࠊ⟄஭ ┿
ᴋࠊ㇂ཱྀ ṇ㍤, ≉㢪 2012-17325
[2]ࠕ୍⢏Ꮚゎᯒ⿦⨨࠾ࡼࡧゎᯒ᪉ἲࠖᕝྜ▱஧ࠊ⟄஭ ┿ᴋࠊ㇂ཱྀ ṇ㍤, PCT/JP2012/56372
― 232 ―
[3]ࠕ࣏ࣜࢾࢡࣞ࢜ࢳࢻࡢሷᇶ㓄ิࢆỴᐃࡍࡿ᪉ἲࠊ࠾ࡼࡧࠊ࣏ࣜࢾࢡࣞ࢜ࢳࢻࡢሷᇶ㓄ิࢆỴ
ᐃࡍࡿ⿦⨨ࠖᕝྜ▱஧ࠊ኱ᇛ ᩗேࠊᯇཎ ୍႐ࠊྂᶫ ໷ᖾࠊ⟄஭ ┿ᴋࠊ㇂ཱྀ ṇ㍤, ≉㢪
2012-77975
ᅜෆᏛ఍
2011 ᖺ⛅Ꮨ ➨ 72 ᅇ ᛂ⏝≀⌮Ꮫ఍Ꮫ⾡ㅮ₇఍
2012 ᖺ᫓Ꮨ ➨ 59 ᅇ ᛂ⏝≀⌮Ꮫ㛵ಀ㐃ྜㅮ₇఍
᪥ᮏ໬Ꮫ఍➨ 92 ᅇ᫓Ꮨᖺ఍
᪥ᮏᏛ⾡఍㆟࣭⛉Ꮫᢏ⾡᣺⯆ᶵᵓබ㛤ࢩ࣏ࣥࢪ࣒࢘ ほࡿࠊ ࡿࠊࡑࡋ࡚▱ࡿ
ʊ᭱ඛ➃ィ ࣭ศᯒᢏ⾡ࡀᣅࡃୡ⏺ʊ
➨ 4 ᅇⱝᡭࢿࢵࢺ࣮࣡࢟ࣥࢢࢩ࣏ࣥࢪ࣒࢘
㹈㹃㹋㹇㹋㸿㛵すᨭ㒊➨ 32 ᅇ, ᖹᡂ 23 ᖺ➨஧ᅇᡓ␎ⓗᇶ┙ᢏ⾡᳨ウጤဨ఍
ࢤࣀ࣒ࢥࣥࣇ࢓ࣞࣥࢫ ḟ n ୡ௦ࢩ࣮ࢡ࢚ࣥࢫᢏ⾡ࡀࡶࡓࡽࡍ᪂₻ὶ
ࢤࣀ࣒ࢥࣥࣇ࢓ࣞࣥࢫ
ᕷẸྥࡅㅮ₇఍ࠕඛ➃⛉Ꮫᢏ⾡࡜♫఍㹼⚾ࡓࡕࡢ㑇ఏ࡜೺ᗣࢆ▱ࡿࢼࣀࣂ࢖࢜
ࢹࣂ࢖ࢫ㹼ࠖ
SCE2011 ➨ 31 ᅇ࢟ࣕࣆ࣮ࣛࣜ㟁ẼὋືࢩ࣏ࣥࢪ࣒࢘ in TSURUOKA
ᖹᡂ 23 ᖺᗘ ෌⏕་⒪ศ㔝ࡢ⏘ᴗ໬ࢆ┠ᣦࡋࡓᐇ⏝ࢭ࣑ࢼ࣮-෌⏕་⒪ศ㔝ࡢ
඲యീࢆぢࢃࡓࡏࡿࢃ࠿ࡾࡸࡍ࠸ゎㄝㅮᗙ
ศᏊࢼࣀࢩࢫࢸ࣒ࡢ๰Ⓨ໬Ꮫ ➨ 3 ᅇබ㛤ࢩ࣏ࣥࢪ࣒࢘
᭱ඛ➃◊✲㛤Ⓨᨭ᥼ࣉࣟࢢ࣒ࣛ(FIRST)ᕝྜࣉࣟࢪ࢙ࢡࢺබ㛤ࢩ࣏ࣥࢪ࣒࢘
ࠕࢼࣀࣂ࢖࢜ࢹࣂ࢖ࢫ◊✲ࡢ᭱๓⥺㹼ேࡢ㑇ఏࢆ▱ࡾ೺ᗣࢆᏲࡿ᭱᪂⛉Ꮫᢏ
⾡㹼ࠖ
ᖹᡂ 23 ᖺᗘ୰㒊ᆅ༊ࢼࣀࢿࢵࢺሗ࿌఍
᪥ᮏศᯒ໬Ꮫ➨ 60 ᖺ఍
⛉Ꮫ◊✲㈝⿵ຓ㔠
ᇶ┙◊✲㸦A)
༢୍ࣂ࢖࢜ศᏊゎᯒ࡟ྥࡅࡓࢼࣀࢳࣕࢿࣝᵓ㐀య ࡢ๰ᡂ
ᕝྜ ▱஧
᪂Ꮫ⾡㡿ᇦ◊✲ 㑄⛣㔠ᒓ㓟໬≀ࢼࣀᵓ㐀య࡟࠾ࡅࡿ㝵ᒙࢆ ㉺࠼ࡓࣉࣟࢢ
㸦◊✲㡿ᇦᥦ᱌ ࣒ࣛ⮬ᕫ๰Ⓨ໬Ꮫ
ᆺ㸧
ᕝྜ ▱஧
᪂Ꮫ⾡㡿ᇦ◊✲ ศᏊࢼࣀࢩࢫࢸ࣒ࡢ๰Ⓨ໬Ꮫ
㸦◊✲㡿ᇦᥦ᱌
ᆺ㸧
ᕝྜ ▱஧
ཷク◊✲
ᕝྜ▱஧
ᩥ㒊⛉Ꮫ┬ඛ➃◊✲᪋
㜰኱」ྜᶵ⬟ࢼࣀࣇ࢓࢘ࣥࢲࣜ
タඹ⏝࢖ࣀ࣮࣋ࢩࣙࣥ
๰ฟ஦ᴗ
7௳
5௳
2௳
1௳
1௳
1௳
1௳
1௳
1௳
1௳
1௳
1௳
1௳
1௳
1௳
༢఩㸸༓෇
9,100,000
20,280,000
14,690,000
108,000,000
➨ 2 ࣉࣟࢪ࢙ࢡࢺ◊✲ศ㔝㸦ឤᰁไᚚᏛ◊✲ศ㔝㸧
ཎⴭㄽᩥ
[1]Antibacterial and antifungal activities of new acylated derivatives of epigallocatechin gallate, Y.
Matsumoto, K. Kaihatsu, K. Nishino, M. Ogawa, N. Kato, Yamaguchi A: Front. Microbiol., 3 (2012) 53.
[2]A microfluidic device for simple and rapid evaluation of multidrug efflux pump inhibitors, R. Iino, K.
Nishino, H. Noji, A. Yamaguchi, Y. Matsumoto: Front. Microbiol., 3 (2012) 40.
[3]Covalently linking the Escherichia coli global anaerobic regulator FNR in tandem allows it to function
as an oxygen stable dimer, Y. Shan, Q. Pan, J. Liu, F. Huang, H. Sun, K. Nishino, A. Yan: Biochem.
Biophys. Res. Commun., 419 (2012) 43-48.
― 233 ―
[4]Physiological role of bacterial multidrug efflux pumps, K. Nishino: Yakugaku Zasshi, 132 (2012)
45-50.
[5]Structures of the multidrug exporter AcrB reveal a proximal multisite drug-binding pocket, R.
Nakashima, K. Sakurai, S. Yamasaki, K. Nishino, A. Yamaguchi: Nature, 480 (2011) 565-569.
[6]The multidrug efflux pump MdtEF protects against nitrosative damage during the anaerobic, Y. Zhang,
M. Xiao, T. Horiyama, Y. Zhang, X. Li, K. Nishino, A. Yan: J. Biol. Chem., 286 (2011) 26576-26584.
[7]AcrA dependency of the AcrD efflux pump in Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium, S. Yamasaki,
S. Nagasawa, M. Nishino, A. Yamaguchi, K. Nishino: J. Antibiot. (Nature Publishing Group), 64 (2011)
433-437.
[8]Evaluation of multidrug efflux pump inhibitors by a new method using microfluidic channels, Y.
Matsumoto, K. Hayama, S. Sakakihara, K. Nishino, H. Noji, R. Iino, A. Yamaguchi: PLoS One, 6 (2011)
e15847.
ᅜ㝿఍㆟
[1]Mechanisim of multidrug recognition by the RamR regulatory protein required for the induction of the
AcrAB multidrug efflux pump (poster), S. Yamasaki, E. Nikaido, K. Sakurai, R. Nakashima, A.
Yamaguchi, K. Nishino: 15th SANKEN International Symposium / 10th SANKEN Nanotechnology
Symposium,Jan12-13,2012,Japan.
[2]Immuno-electron tomography for elucidation of localization of the multidrug efflux pumps in
Salmonella (invited), M. Nishino, A. Yamaguchi, K. Nishino: 7th Handai Nanoscience and
Nanotechnology International Symposium,Nov.10-11,2011㺂Japan.
[3]Peristaltic mechanism of multidrug efflux transporter AcrB revealed by the crystal structure of AcrB
with high-molecular-weight drugs (poster), Nakashima R, Sakurai K, Yamasaki S, Nishino K, Yamaguchi
A: 7th Handai Nanoscience and Nanotechnology International Symposium,Nov.10-11,2011㺂Japan.
[4]The regulation of the AcrAB multidrug efflux pump in Salmonella typhimurium (oral), Yamasaki S,
Nikaido E, Sakurai K, Nakashima R, Yamaguchi A, Nishino K: JSPS-INRA collaborative project meeting,
14 October 2011, France.
[5]The structural analysis of RamR (oral), Sakurai K, Nakashima R, Yamaguchi A, Nishino K:
JSPS-INRA collaborative project meeting, 13 October 2011, Nouzilly, France.
[6]Development of novel therapeutic strategies to tackle multidrug-resistant pathogens (poster), Nishino
M, Nakashima R, Sakurai K, Yamaguchi A, Nishino K: France-Japan Workshop (Bio-inspired
approaches: Micro- & Nano- Architectures, Materials & Imaging),October 11th-12th, 2011,Institut
Européen de Chimie et Biologie - Bordeaux.
[7]Peristaltic mechanism of multidrug efflux transport (poster), Yamaguchi A, Nakashima R, Sakurai K,
Yamasaki S, Nishino K: France-Japan Workshop (Bio-inspired approaches: Micro- & Nano- Architectures,
Materials & Imaging),October 11th-12th, 2011,Institut Européen de Chimie et Biologie - Bordeaux.
[8]Antibiotic augmenting activities of Phe-Arg-ß-Naphtylamide based on its membrane permeabilizing
effects (poster), Matsumoto Y, Nishino K, Yamaguchi A: American Society for Microbiology 51st ICAAC
Meeting,September 17-20, 2011,Chicago.
[9]AcrA dependency of the AcrD efflux pump in Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium (poster),
Yamasaki S, Nagasawa S, Nishino M, Yamaguchi A, Nishino K: International Union of Microbiological
Societies 2011 Congress,6-10 September 2011,Sapporo.
― 234 ―
[10]Effect of efflux pump inbibition versus outer membrane permeabilization to antimicrobial activities
of ciprofloxacin and erythromycin against Pseudomonas aeruginosa (poster), Matsumoto Y, Nishino K,
Yamaguchi A: International Union of Microbiological Societies 2011 Congress,6-10 September
2011,Sapporo.
[11]The regulation of the AcrAB multidrug efflux pump in Salmonella (oral), Yamasaki S, Nikaido E,
Sakurai K, Nakashima R, Yamaguchi A, Nishino K: JSPS-INRA collaborative project meeting, 25 June
2011, Nouzilly, France.
[12]Regulation of AcrAB multidrug efflux pump in Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium in response
to indole and paraquat (poster), Nikaido E, Shirosaka I, Yamaguchi A, Nishino K: 4th Symposium on
Antimicrobial Resistance in Animals and the Environment,27-29 June 2011,France.
[13]Role of AcrA on the function of the AcrD multidrug efflux pump in Salmonella enterica serovar
Typhimurium (poster), Yamasaki S, Yamasaki S, Nagasawa S, Nishino M, Yamaguchi A, Nishino K: 4th
Symposium on Antimicrobial Resistance in Animals and the Environment,27-29 June 2011,France.
[14]Development of novel therapeutic strategies to tackle multidrug-resistant pathogens (poster),
Yamasaki S, Yamasaki S, Ono A, Hayashi K, Fukushima A, Matsumoto, Y, Nishino M, Sakurai K,
Nakashima R, Yamaguchi A, Nishino K: 4th Symposium on Antimicrobial Resistance in Animals and the
Environment,27-29 June 2011,France.
[15]Altered expression of multidrug efflux- and invasion-related genes Salmonella Typhimurium clinical
isolates with mutations in ramR or at the RamR DNA-binding site (poster), Baucheron S, Nishino K,
Mulvey M, Cloeckaert A, Giraud E: 4th Symposium on Antimicrobial Resistance in Animals and the
Environment,27-29 June 2011,France.
[16]The multidrug efflux pump MdtEF protects against nitrosative damage during the anaerobic
respiration in Escherichia coli (poster), Zhang Y, Xiao M, Horiyama T, Zhang Y, Li X, Nishino K, Yan A:
Gordon Research Conference on Multidrug Efflux Systems,June 12-17, 2011, Switzerland.
[17]The roles of drug efflux pumps in bacterial multidrug resistance and virulence (invited), Nishino K:
Seminar at Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Ghent University, 7 October 2011, Ghent, Belgium.
[18]Drug resistance and virulence roles of bacterial multidrug efflux pumps (invited), Nishino K:
International Union of Microbiological Societies 2011 Congress,6-10 September 2011,Sapporo.
[19]Multidrug efflux pumps and development of therapeutic strategies to control infectious diseases
(invited), Nishino K: The Uehara Memorial Foundation Symposium 2011,6-8 June,2011.
ゎㄝࠊ⥲ㄝ
⣽⳦ࡢ⸆๣᤼ฟࢱࣥࣃࢡ࡜⏕Ꮡᡓ␎, す㔝 㑥ᙪ, ឤᰁ࣭⅖⑕࣭ච␿, ་⸆ࡢ㛛♫, 41 (2011),
335-338.
ᢠ⳦⸆᤼ฟࢺࣛࣥࢫ࣏࣮ࢱ࣮, す㔝 㑥ᙪ, ᳨ᰝ࡜ᢏ⾡, ་Ꮫ᭩㝔, 39 (2011), 677-684.
⸆๣᤼ฟ࣏ࣥࣉ࡟ࡼࡿ⣽⳦ከ๣⪏ᛶ໬㺃⑓ཎᛶⓎ⌧ไᚚ, す㔝 㑥ᙪ, ໬Ꮫ⒪ἲࡢ㡿ᇦ, ་⸆ࢪ
࣮ࣕࢼࣝ♫, 27 (2011), 1495-1503.
ⴭ᭩
[1]ឤᰁ⑕ࡢ἞⒪—ᢠᚤ⏕≀⸆ (ᮏ⏣Ṋྖ)“ࡣࡌࡵࡢ୍Ṍࡢ࢖ࣛࢫࢺឤᰁ⑕࣭ᚤ⏕≀Ꮫ”, す㔝㑥ᙪ,
⨺ᅵ♫, ISBN 978-4-7581-2023-4 (133-141) 2011.
― 235 ―
[2]ᚤ⏕≀Ꮫศ㔝 (᪥ᮏ⸆Ꮫ఍)“⸆Ꮫ⏝ㄒ㎡඾”, す㔝㑥ᙪ, ᮾி໬Ꮫྠே, ISBN9784807906772
(552) 2012.
≉チ
[1]ࠕ⣽⳦ࡢᢠ⳦⸆ឤཷᛶࡢศᯒ࡟౑⏝ࡍࡿ࣐࢖ࢡࣟࢹࣂ࢖ࢫ࠾ࡼࡧࡑࢀࢆ౑⏝ࡍࡿศᯒ᪉ἲࠖ
ᯇᮏెᕭࠊⴥᒣᾈᖹࠊᴬཎ୍᪼ࠊす㔝㑥ᙪࠊᒣཱྀ᫂ேࠊ㔝ᆅ༤⾜ࠊ㣤㔝ுኴ, 2011-200036
ᅜ㝿఍㆟ࡢ⤌⧊ጤဨࠊᅜ㝿㞧ㄅࡢ⦅㞟ጤဨ
す㔝 㑥ᙪ
Frontiers in Micirobiology (Antimicrobials, Resistance and Chemotherapy) (⦅㞟ḟ
㛗)
す㔝 㑥ᙪ
3rd ASM Conference on Antimicrobial Resistance (ࣉࣟࢢ࣒ࣛㅎၥጤဨ)
す㔝 㑥ᙪ
Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy (ㄽᩥᑂᰝဨ)
す㔝 㑥ᙪ
Biol. Pharm. Bull. (ㄽᩥᑂᰝဨ)
す㔝 㑥ᙪ
PLoS ONE (ㄽᩥᑂᰝဨ)
す㔝 㑥ᙪ
African Journal of Agricultural Research (ㄽᩥᑂᰝဨ)
す㔝 㑥ᙪ
Journal of Antibiotics (ㄽᩥᑂᰝဨ)
す㔝 㑥ᙪ
Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy (ㄽᩥᑂᰝဨ)
す㔝 㑥ᙪ
Microbes and Environments (ㄽᩥᑂᰝဨ)
す㔝 㑥ᙪ
Archives of Microbiology (ㄽᩥᑂᰝဨ)
す㔝 㑥ᙪ
Recent Patents on Anti-Infective Drug Discovery (ㄽᩥᑂᰝဨ)
す㔝 㑥ᙪ
FEMS Microbiology Letters (ㄽᩥᑂᰝဨ)
す㔝 㑥ᙪ
International Journal of Molecular Sciences (ㄽᩥᑂᰝဨ)
す㔝 㑥ᙪ
BMC Systems Biology (ㄽᩥᑂᰝဨ)
ᒣᓮ ⪷ྖ
Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy (ㄽᩥᑂᰝဨ)
ᅜෆᏛ఍
㸰㸮㸯㸯᪫◪Ꮚ㈈ᅋ◊✲ຓᡂ◊✲Ⓨ⾲఍
1௳
1௳
᪂Ꮫ⾡㡿ᇦ◊✲ࠕ㐣Ώⓗ」ྜయࠖබ㛤ࢩ࣏ࣥࢪ࣒࢘
1௳
➨ 6 ᅇࢺࣛࣥࢫ࣏࣮ࢱ࣮◊✲఍ᖺ఍
1௳
᪥ᮏ࣡ࢵࢡࢫ࣐ࣥ㈈ᅋ H23 ᖺᗘᏛ⾡◊✲ሗ࿌఍
1௳
᪂Ꮫ⾡㡿ᇦ◊✲ࠕ㐣Ώⓗ」ྜయࠖ⌜఍㆟
4௳
➨ 85 ᅇ᪥ᮏ⣽⳦Ꮫ఍⥲఍
1௳
➨ 40 ᅇ⸆๣⪏ᛶ⳦◊✲఍
1௳
➨ 59 ᅇ᪥ᮏ໬Ꮫ⒪ἲᏛ఍す᪥ᮏᨭ㒊⥲఍➨ 54 ᅇ᪥ᮏឤᰁ⑕Ꮫ఍୰᪥ᮏᆅ᪉
Ꮫ⾡㞟఍࣭ྜྠᏛ఍
➨ 33 ᅇ⏕య⭷࡜⸆≀ࡢ┦஫స⏝ࢩ࣏ࣥࢪ࣒࢘
2௳
1௳
ᖹᡂ 23 ᖺᗘ᪥ᮏ⤖ᬗᏛ఍ᖺ఍ཬࡧ⥲఍
1௳
኱㜰኱Ꮫ⏘ᴗ⛉Ꮫ◊✲ᡤᏛ⾡ㅮ₇఍
1௳
➨ 64 ᅇ᪥ᮏ⣽⳦Ꮫ఍㛵すᨭ㒊⥲఍
1௳
➨ 60 ᅇ᪥ᮏឤᰁ⑕Ꮫ఍ᮾ᪥ᮏᆅ᪉Ꮫ⾡㞟఍࣭➨ 58 ᅇ᪥ᮏ໬Ꮫ⒪ἲᏛ఍ᮾ᪥
ᮏᨭ㒊⥲఍ ྜྠᏛ఍
➨ 84 ᅇ᪥ᮏ⏕໬Ꮫ఍኱఍
2௳
1௳
➨ 63 ᅇ᪥ᮏ⣽⬊⏕≀Ꮫ఍
1௳
➨ 59 ᅇ᪥ᮏ໬Ꮫ⒪ἲᏛ఍⥲఍
ྲྀᚓᏛ఩
ಟኈ㸦⸆Ꮫ㸧
ࢧࣝࣔࢿࣛ␗≀᤼ฟࢺࣛࣥࢫ࣏࣮ࢱ࣮MacAB ࡢ⏕⌮ᶵ⬟ゎ᫂
኱㔝 ឡᏊ
⛉Ꮫ◊✲㈝⿵ຓ㔠
༢఩㸸༓෇
᭱ඛ➃࣭ḟୡ௦ ⸆๣᤼ฟ࣏ࣥࣉ࡟ࡼࡿ⣽⳦ከ๣⪏ᛶ໬࣭⑓ཎᛶⓎ⌧ไᚚᶵ
47,220
◊✲㛤Ⓨᨭ᥼ࣉ ᵓࡢゎ᫂࡜᪂つ἞⒪ἲ㛤Ⓨ
ࣟࢢ࣒ࣛ
す㔝 㑥ᙪ
ⱝᡭ◊✲㸦B㸧
ከ๣⪏ᛶ࡜⑓ཎᛶⓎ⌧࡟㛵୚ࡍࡿ⸆๣᤼ฟࢺࣛࣥࢫ࣏࣮ࢱ
2,210
す㔝 ⨾㒔Ꮚ
࣮ࡢᶵ⬟ゎ᫂࡜㜼ᐖ๣㛤Ⓨ
― 236 ―
ዡᏛᐤ㝃㔠
す㔝 㑥ᙪ
す㔝 ⨾㒔Ꮚ
ඹྠ◊✲
す㔝 㑥ᙪ
බ┈㈈ᅋἲே ୖཎグᛕ⏕࿨⛉Ꮫ㈈ᅋ ⌮஦㛗 ୖཎ᫛஧
㈈ᅋἲேⓎ㓝◊✲ᡤ ⌮஦㛗 Ἴከ㔝 ࿴ᚨ
2,000
3,000
Axel Cloeckaert 㸦ᅜ❧㎰
ᴗ◊✲ᡤࠊࣇࣛࣥࢫ㸧
2,500
す㔝 㑥ᙪ
Aixin Yan 㸦㤶 ኱Ꮫ㸧
す㔝 㑥ᙪ
Aixin Yan 㸦㤶 ኱Ꮫ㸧
す㔝 㑥ᙪ
➨୍୕ඹᰴᘧ఍♫
す㔝 㑥ᙪ
ᰴᘧ఍♫ࣇ࢓࢖ࣥ
す㔝 㑥ᙪ
Filip Van Immerseel㸦ࢤࣥ
ࢺ኱Ꮫ㸧
す㔝 㑥ᙪ
Corinna Kehrenberg㸦ࣁࣀ
࣮ࣂ࣮኱Ꮫ㸧
Yasuko Rikihisa㸦࢜ࣁ࢖࢜
኱Ꮫ㸧
Takeshi Noda, Tamotsu
Yoshimori㸦኱㜰኱Ꮫ㸧
Yutaka Terao, Shigetada
Kawabata㸦኱㜰኱Ꮫ㸧
す㔝 ⨾㒔Ꮚ
す㔝 㑥ᙪ
す㔝 㑥ᙪ
⎔ቃࢩࢢࢼࣝ࡟ࡼࡿࢧࣝࣔࢿࣛ
⸆๣⪏ᛶㄏᑟ࡜ Ram ไᚚᅉᏊࡢ
ゎᯒ
ከ๣᤼ฟࢼࣀࢹࣂ࢖ࢫ᪂つไᚚ
ἲࡢ㛤Ⓨ
ࣜࣥ⬡㉁㍺㏦࡟㛵୚ࡍࡿ⣽⳦ࢼ
ࣀ㍺㏦ࢹࣂ࢖ࢫྠᐃ࡜ືసཎ⌮
ゎ᫂
ከ๣⪏ᛶࢢ࣒ࣛ㝜ᛶ⳦ࢆඞ᭹ࡍ
ࡿ᪂つᢠ⳦⸆ࡢ◊✲
㣗ရཬࡧ໬⢝ရ⏝㏵࡟ங㓟⳦➼
ࡢ௦ㅰ≀ࡢ⏕⏘㺃⢭〇㺃ຠ⋡໬㺃
Ᏻᐃ໬ࢆ◊✲ࡍࡿ
ࢧࣝࣔࢿࣛከ๣᤼ฟ࣏ࣥࣉ࡟ࡼ
ࡿ࢜࣎ࢺࣛࣥࢫࣇ࢙ࣜࣥ⏤᮶ᢠ
⳦࣌ࣉࢳࢻ⪏ᛶᶵᵓࡢゎ᫂
ࢺࣜࢡࣟ㓟⪏ᛶᅉᏊࡢゎᯒ
200
360
0
5,000
࢔ࢼࣉࣛࢬ࣐ឤᰁ࡟࠾ࡅࡿ࣮࢜
ࢺࣇ࢓ࢪ࣮ࡢᙺ๭
ࢧࣝࣔࢿࣛឤᰁ࡟࠾ࡅࡿ࣮࢜ࢺ
ࣇ࢓ࢪ࣮ࡢᙺ๭
ࣇ࢓ࢦࢧ࢖ࢺ࣮ࢩࢫ࠿ࡽࡢࣞࣥ
ࢧ⌫⳦ᅇ㑊ᶵᵓࡢゎ᫂
0
0
0
0
0
➨ 2 ࣉࣟࢪ࢙ࢡࢺ◊✲ศ㔝㸦ᴟᚤᮦᩱࣉࣟࢭࢫ◊✲ศ㔝㸧
ཎⴭㄽᩥ
[1]Essential Role of Catalyst in Vapor-Liquid-Solid Growth of Compounds, T. Yanagida, M. Kanai, T.
Kawai: Phys. Rev. E, 83 (2011) 061606.
[2]Intrinsic Mechanisms of Memristive Switching, K. Nagashima, T. Yanagida, M. Kanai, T. Kawai:
Nano Lett., 11 (2011) 2114-2118.
[3]Spatial Nonuniformity in Resistive-Switching Memory Effects of NiO, T. Yanagida, K. Nagashima, M.
Kanai, T. Kawai: J. Am. Chem. Soc., 133 (2011) 12482-12485.
[4]Study on transport pathway in oxide nanowire growth by using spacing-controlled regular array, T.
Yanagida, M. Kanai, K. Nagashima, S. Rahong, M. Gang, M. Horprathum, T. Kawai: Appl. Phys. Lett.,
99 (2011) 193105.
[5]Dual Defects of Cation and Anion in Memristive Nonvoatile Memory of Metal Oxides, T. Yanagida, K.
Nagashima, M. Kanai, B. Xu, H. Katayama-Yoshida, T. Kawai: J. Am. Chem. Soc., 134 (2012)
2535-2538.
ᅜ㝿఍㆟
[1]Memristive Switching in a Single Oxide Nanowire (invited), T. Yanagida: 2012 RCIQE International
Workshop for Green Electronics.
[2]Memristive Switching in a Single Oxide Nanowire (invited), T. Yanagida: IEEE Nanotechnology
Materials and Devices Conference.
― 237 ―
[3]Resistive Switching in a Single Oxide Nanowire (invited), T. Yanagida: Villa Conference on Complex
Oxide Heterostructures.
[4]Intrinsic nature of nonvolatile resistive switching extracted by a single oxide nanowire (oral), K.
Nagashima, T. Yanagida, M. Kanai, T. Kawai: The 11th International Symposium on Sputtering & Plasma
Processes.
[5]Crucial Role of Impurity Doping Dynamics on Transport Properties of VLS Grown SnO2 Nanowires
(poster), T. Yanagida, M. Kanai, K. Nagashima, T. Kawai: The 11th International Symposium on
Sputtering & Plasma Processes.
[6]Nonvolatile Memory Phenomena within a Single Oxide Nanowire (oral), T. Yanagida, K. Nagashima,
M. Kanai, T. Kawai: International Workshop on Quantum Nanostructures and Nanoelectronics.
[7]Memristor using a Single Oxide Nanowire –Performance in Ultra Small Memory and Intrinsic
Mechanism– (oral), K. Nagashima, T. Yanagida, M. Kanai, T. Kawai: 24th International Microprocesses
and Nanotechnology Conference.
[8]Spatially Controlled Uniform Oxide Nanowire Arrays by Ultra-thin AAO Membrane Mask (poster), G.
Meng, T. Yanagida, M. Kanai, K. Nagashima, S. Rahong, M. Horprathum, T. Kawai: 7th Handai
Nanoscience and Nanotechnology International Symposium,Nov.10-11,2011㺂Japan.
[9]Integration of Oxide Nanowires in Microfluidic Chip for Long DNA Molecules Manipulation (poster),
S. Rahong, T. Yanagida, M. Kanai, G. Meng, K. Nagashima, M. Horprathum, T. Kawai: 7th Handai
Nanoscience and Nanotechnology International Symposium,Nov.10-11,2011㺂Japan.
[10]Dynamic Dopant Incorporation Rule on Semiconductor Oxide Nanowire Growth (poster), T.
Yanagida, M. Kanai, K. Nagashima, G. Meng, S. Rahong, M. Horprathum, B. Xu, F. Zhuge, Y. He, T.
Kawai: 7th Handai Nanoscience and Nanotechnology International Symposium,Nov.10-11,2011㺂Japan.
[11]Nano-scale Origin of Non-volatile Resistive Switching Phenomena in Nickel Oxide (poster), T.
Yanagida, K. Nagashima, T. Kawai, H. Katayama-Yoshida: 7th Handai Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
International Symposium,Nov.10-11,2011㺂Japan.
[12]Nature of Memristive Switching Revealed by Self-assembled Oxide Nanowire (poster), K.
Nagashima, T. Yanagida, M. Kanai, S. Rahong, G. Meng, M. Horprathum, T. Kawai: 7th Handai
Nanoscience and Nanotechnology International Symposium,Nov.10-11,2011㺂Japan.
[13]A Oxide Nanowire Exposed Nanoscale Mechanisms of Memristor (poster), K. Nagashima, T.
Yanagida, M. Kanai, S. Rahong, G. Meng, M. Horprathum, B. Xu, F. Zhuge, Y. He, T. Kawai: The 15th
SANKEN International Symposium 2012,Jan12-13,2012,Japam.
[14]Facile Patterning of Sub 20 nm Uniform Oxide Nanowires by Ultra-thin Anodic Aluminum Oxide
Membrane Mask (poster), G. Meng, T. Yanagida, M. Kanai, K. Nagashima, S. Rahong, M. Horprathum,
B. Xu, F. Zhuge, Y. He, T. Kawai: The 15th SANKEN International Symposium
2012,Jan12-13,2012,Japam.
[15]Manipulation of Long DNA molecule by Oxide Nanowires Embedded in Microfluidic Chip (poster),
S. Rahong, T. Yanagida, M. Kanai, G. Meng, K. Nagashima, M. Horprathum,T. Kawai: The 15th
SANKEN International Symposium 2012,Jan12-13,2012,Japam.
[16]Crucial Role of Dopant Incorporation Dynamics on Transport Properties of Semiconductor Oxide
Nanowires (poster), T. Yanagida, M. Kanai, K. Nagashima, G. Meng, S. Rahong, M. Horprathum, B. Xu,
― 238 ―
F. Zhuge, Y. He, T. Kawai: The 15th SANKEN International Symposium 2012,Jan12-13,2012,Japam.
ゎㄝࠊ⥲ㄝ
㔠ᒓ㓟໬≀ࢼࣀ࣡࢖ࣖࢆ⏝࠸ࡓ࣓ࣔࣜࢫࢱ㸫ᴟᚤ⣲Ꮚ≉ᛶ࣭ືస㉳※ゎ᫂㸫, 㛗ᓥ୍ᶞࠊᰗ⏣๛ࠊ
㔠஭┿ᶞࠊᕝྜ▱஧, ࢼࣀᏛ఍, 10[1] (2011), 19-25.
ᅜෆᏛ఍
᪂Ꮫ⾡㡿ᇦࠕศᏊࢼࣀࢩࢫࢸ࣒ࡢ๰Ⓨ໬Ꮫࠖ බ㛤ࢩ࣏ࣥࢪ࣒࢘
ࢼࣀᏛ఍
ᛂ⏝≀⌮Ꮫ఍
໬ᏛᕤᏛ఍
ບ㉳ࢼࣀࣉࣟࢭࢫ◊✲఍
⛉Ꮫ◊✲㈝⿵ຓ㔠
᭱ඛ➃࣭ḟୡ௦
◊✲㛤Ⓨᨭ᥼ࣉ
ࣟࢢ࣒ࣛ
ᰗ⏣ ๛
ዡᏛᐤ㝃㔠
ᰗ⏣ ๛
㛗ᓥ ୍ᶞ
㛗ᓥ ୍ᶞ
㛗ᓥ ୍ᶞ
㛗ᓥ ୍ᶞ
㛗ᓥ ୍ᶞ
⮬ᕫ⤌⧊໬㓟໬≀ࢼࣀ࣡࢖ࣖࢆ⏝࠸ࡓᴟᚤࢹࣂ࢖ࢫ࡟ࡼࡿ
ࢢ࣮࣭ࣜࣥ࢖ࣀ࣮࣋ࢩࣙࣥ
1௳
1௳
3௳
2௳
1௳
༢఩㸸༓෇
55,892
ᰗ⏣๛
㛗ᓥ ୍ᶞ
බ┈㈈ᅋἲே኱಴࿴ぶグᛕ㈈ᅋ ⌮஦㛗 ᮌ℩↷㞝
୍⯡㈈ᅋἲே⇕࣭㟁Ẽ࢚ࢿࣝࢠ࣮ᢏ⾡㈈ᅋ ⌮஦㛗 㕥ᮌὈ
ᐶ
㈈ᅋἲே࢖࢜ࣥᕤᏛ᣺⯆㈈ᅋ ⌮஦㛗 ᑠஂಖṇ
බ┈ಙクᑠ⃝࣭ྜྷᕝ㺒㺸㺖㺢㺹㺤㺖㺛◊✲ຓᡂᇶ㔠 ཷク⪅ ୕⳻
UFJ ಙク㖟⾜ᰴᘧ఍♫ 㺶㺡㺎㺷ཷクᴗົ㒊㛗 㙊⏣ぶၿ
900
700
1,000
1,000
500
3,000
➨ 2 ࣉࣟࢪ࢙ࢡࢺ◊✲ศ㔝㸦ࢭ࣮ࣝࣟࢫࢼࣀࣇ࢓࢖ࣂ࣮ᮦᩱ◊✲ศ㔝㸧
ཎⴭㄽᩥ
[1]Low-temperature Low-pressure Die Attach with Hybrid Silver Particle Paste, K. Suganuma, S.
Sakamoto, N. Kagami, D. Wakuda, K. -S. Kim, M. Nogi: Microelectron. Reliab, 52 (2011) 375–380.
[2]Effects of Delignification in the Production of Plant-based Cellulose Nanofibers for Optically
Transparent Nanocomposites, Y. Okahisa, K. Abe, M. Nogi, A. N. Nakagaito, T. Nakatani, H. Yano:
Compos. Sci. Technol, 71 (2011) 1342–1347.
[3]Printable and Stretchable Conductive Wirings Comprising Silver Flakes and Elastomer, M. Nogi, K.
Suganuma, M. Kogure, O. Kirihara: IEEE Electron Device Lett., 32 (2011) 1424 - 1426.
[4]Fabrication of Silver Nanowire Transparent Electrodes at Room Temperature, T. Tokuno, M. Nogi, M.
Karakawa, J. Jiu, T. T. Nge, Y. Aso, K. Suganuma: Nano Research, 4 (2011) 1215-1222.
[5]The transparent crab: preparation and nanostructural implications for bioinspired optically transparent
nanocomposites, Md. Iftekhar Shams, Masaya Nogi, Lars A. Berglund and Hiroyuki Yano: Soft Mater, 8
(2011) 1369-1373.
[6]Electrical conductivity enhancement in inkjet-printed narrow lines through gradual heating, Changjae
Kim, Masaya Nogi and Katsuaki Suganuma: Journal of Micromechanics and Microengineering, 22
(2012) 035016.
[7]The Effective Young’s Modulus of Bacterial and Microfibrillated Cellulose Fibrils in Fibrous
Networks, Supachok Tanpichai, Franck Quero, Masaya Nogi, Hiroyuki Yano, Robert J Young, Tom
Lindstrom, William W Sampson, and Stephen J. Eichhorn*: Biomacromolecules, (2012) .
― 239 ―
[8]Printed Silver Nanowire Antennas with Low Signal Loss at High-Frequency Radio, Natsuki Komoda,
Masaya Nogi, Katsuaki Suganuma, Kazuo Kohno, Yutaka Akiyama, Kanji Otsuka: Nanoscale, (2012) .
[9]Inkjet-printed lines with well-defined morphologies and low electrical resistance on repellent
pore-structured polyimide films, Changjae Kim, Masaya Nogi, Katsuaki Suganuma, Yo Yamato: ACS
Applied Materials & Interfaces, (2012) .
ᅜ㝿఍㆟
[1]Inkjet printing of well-defined and narrow conductive lines on polymeric substrates with chemical
treated coating layers , C. Kim, M. Nogi, K. Suganuma: The 15th SANKEN International Symposium /
The 10th SANKEN Nanotechnology Symposium (Osaka, Japan, 2011.1. 12-13).
[2]Transparent electrodes with network structures of silver nanowires , T. Tokuno, M. Nogi, J. Jiu, K.
Suganuma: The 15th SANKEN International Symposium / The 10th SANKEN Nanotechnology
Symposium (Osaka, Japan, 2011.1. 12-13).
[3]Silver nanowire printed line; Relationship of Heating temperature and its conductivity , N. Komoda, M.
Nogi, K. Suganuma: The 15th SANKEN International Symposium / The 10th SANKEN Nanotechnology
Symposium (Osaka, Japan, 2011.1. 12-13).
[4]Stretchable and conductive wirings having various electrical properties to different volume fraction of
silver flakes , T. Araki, M. Nogi, K. Suganuma, K. Kihara, O. Kirihara: 7th Handai Nanoscience and
Nanotechnology INternational Symposium (Osaka Japan, 2011.11.10-11).
[5]Inkjet Printing of Conductive Lines : Improvement of Line Morphology and Electrical Conductivity ,
C. J. Kim, M. Nogi, K. Suganuma: 7th Handai Nanoscience and Nanotechnology INternational
Symposium (Osaka Japan, 2011.11.10-11).
[6]Electrical conductivity enhancement of silver nanowire transparent electrodes at low temperature , T.
Tokuno, M. Nogi, J. Jiu, K. Suganuma: 7th Handai Nanoscience and Nanotechnology INternational
Symposium (Osaka Japan, 2011.11.10-11).
[7]Silver nanowire flexible antenna for printed electronics , N. Komoda, M. Nogi, K. Kohno, K. Otsuka,
K. Suganuma: 7th Handai Nanoscience and Nanotechnology INternational Symposium (Osaka Japan,
2011.11.10-11).
[8]Preparation of Ag Nanowires and Application in Optoelectronic Devices (oral), Jinting Jiu, Takehiro
Tokuno, Masaya Nogi, Katsuaki Suganuma: BIT's 1st Annual World Congress of Nano-S&T-2011
(Dalian, China, 2011.10.23-26).
[9]Preparation and characterization of bacterial cellulose/chitosan porous scaffolds (oral), Thi Thi Nge,
Masaya Nogi, Hiroyuki Yano, Junji Sugiyama: IAWS 2011 (Stockholm Sweden, 2011.8.31-9.2).
[10]Properties of Silver Nanowire Transparent Electrodes Fabricated by a Coating Method (oral),
Takehiro Tokuno, Masaya Nogi, Katsuaki Suganuma: IEEE Nano 2011 (Portland, U.S.A, 2011.8.15-19).
[11]Effect of Ink Viscosity on Electrical Resistivity of Narrow Printed Silver Lines (oral), ChangJae Kim,
Masaya Nogi, Katsuaki Suganuma: IEEE Nano 2011 (Portland, U.S.A, 2011.8.15-19).
[12]Return Loss of Printed Silver Paste Lines with Different Filler Sizes and Their Surface Roughness
(oral), Natsuki Komoda, Katsuaki Suganuma, Masaya Nogi: IEEE Nano 2011 (Portland, U.S.A,
2011.8.15-19).
― 240 ―
[13]Preparation of rod-shaped and spherical Silvernanoparticles and application for Packaging materials
(oral), Jinting Jiu, Masaya Nogi, Katsuaki Suganuma: ICEPT-HDP2011 (Shanghai, China, 2011. 8. 8-11
2011).
[14]Size Effect on Resistivity of Narrow Printed Tracks (oral), ChangJae Kim, Masaya Nogi, Katsuaki
Suganuma: ICEP2011 (Nara, Japan, 2011.4.13-15).
[15]Room temperature fabrication of silver nanowire transparent electrodes (oral), T. Tokuno, M. Nogi,
M. Karakawa, J. Jiu, Y. Aso, K. Suganuma: International Conference of Solid State Devices and Materials
2011 (Nagoya Japan, 2011.9.28-30).
[16]Road to "Printed Electronics on Nanopaper" (invited), M. Nogi: International Seminar for JSPS-LIPI
Joint Reserch Program㸦Japan, Oct 2011).
[17]Low temperature wirings and conductive films with Ag nano inks (invited), M. Nogi, K. Suganuma:
LOPE-C 2011㸦Frankfurt, German, 2011.6.30㸧.
ゎㄝࠊ⥲ㄝ
ఙࡧࡿ㓄⥺ -࣏ࣜ࢘ࣞࢱ࣭ࣥ㖟ࣇ࣮ࣞࢡࢥ࣏ࣥࢪࢵࢺ, ⬟ᮌ㞞ஓࠊⲨᮌᚭᖹࠊⳢ἟ඞ᫛ࠊྂᬽ
㞞ᮁࠊ᱒ཎಟ, 㧗ศᏊ, 㧗ศᏊᏛ఍, 61 [3] (2012), 118-121.
࢚ࣞࢡࢺࣟࢽࢡࢫศ㔝ࡢᑟ㟁ᛶ᥋╔๣ᢏ⾡, Ⳣ἟ඞ᫛ࠊ⬟ᮌ㞞ஓ, ໬Ꮫ࡜ᩍ⫱, ᪥ᮏ໬Ꮫ఍,
59[10] (2011), 496-499.
ⴭ᭩
[1]㸵ಸఙࡤࡋ࡚ࡶ㟁Ẽࢆ㏻ࡍ㉸ࢫࢺࣞࢵࢳࣕࣈࣝ㓄⥺ᢏ⾡࡜ࡇࡢ◊✲ศ㔝࡟࠾ࡅࡿ㛤Ⓨືྥ
(኱ᓥ 㞞ᚿ)“NIKKO GREEN MOOK”, ⬟ᮌ㞞ஓࠊⲨᮌᚭᖹࠊⳢ἟ඞ᫛, ᪥ᮏᕤᴗฟ∧, (108-112)
2012.
≉チ
[1]ࠕࢼࣀ⢏Ꮚࡢྜᡂ᪉ἲࠖⳢ἟ඞ᫛ࠊ㓇㔠ீࠊ⬟ᮌ㞞ஓ, ≉㢪 2011-123694
[2]ࠕᵓ㐀యࡢస〇᪉ἲࠖⳢ἟ඞ᫛ࠊ⬟ᮌ㞞ஓࠊᚨ㔝๛኱, ≉㢪 2011-287737
[3]ࠕ㖡ࣃࢱ࣮ࣥᙧᡂ⏝⤌ᡂ≀࠾ࡼࡧࡑࢀࢆ⏝࠸ࡓ㖡ࣃࢱ࣮ࣥࡢ〇㐀᪉ἲࠖⳢ἟ඞ᫛ࠊ⬟ᮌ㞞ஓࠊ
⳺⏣ኟᶞࠊጧ⩏ဴࠊ኱ᕌ▱அ, ≉㢪 2011-249949
[4]ࠕ㏱᫂ᑟ㟁⭷ࡢ〇㐀᪉ἲࠖⳢ἟ඞ᫛ࠊ⬟ᮌ㞞ஓࠊ㓇㔠ீࠊⳢཎᚭࠊෆ⏣༤ࠊ⠛ᓮ◊஧, ≉㢪
2012-053492
[5]ࠕᑟ㟁ࣃࢱ࣮ࣥᙧᡂ᪉ἲཬࡧග↷ᑕࡲࡓࡣ࣐࢖ࢡࣟἼຍ⇕࡟ࡼࡿᑟ㟁ࣃࢱ࣮ࣥᙧᡂ⏝⤌ᡂ≀ࠖ
Ⳣ἟ඞ᫛ࠊ⬟ᮌ㞞ஓࠊ㓇㔠ீࠊⳢཎᚭࠊෆ⏣༤ࠊ⸨⏣ಇ㞝, ≉㢪 2012-061816
[6]ࠕ㔠ᒓࢼࣀ࣡࢖࣮ࣖྵ᭷㏱᫂ᑟ㟁⭷ཬࡧࡑࡢሬᕸᾮࠖⳢ἟ඞ᫛ࠊ⬟ᮌ㞞ஓࠊ㓇㔠ீࠊᚨ㔝๛
኱ࠊ▼⏣⨾⧊ࠊ┦ிᾈᖾࠊᒣᕝ᭸Ꮚࠊ᪂ᐇ㧗᫂, ≉㢪 2012-076910
ᅜෆᏛ఍
➨ 62 ᅇ᪥ᮏᮌᮦᏛ఍
➨ 26 ᅇ ࢚ࣞࢡࢺࣟࢽࢡࢫᐇ⿦Ꮫ఍ ᫓Ꮨㅮ₇኱఍
ᛂ⏝≀⌮Ꮫ఍
ࢭ࣮ࣝࣟࢫᏛ఍
⏕Ꮡᅪࢩ࣏ࣥࢪ࣒࢘
⛉Ꮫ◊✲㈝⿵ຓ㔠
2௳
3௳
2௳
1௳
1௳
༢఩㸸༓෇
― 241 ―
᭱ඛ➃࣭ḟୡ௦ ࣉࣜࣥࢺᢏ⾡࡟ࡼࡿࣂ࢖࢜ࢼࣀࣇ࢓࢖ࣂ࣮ࢆ⏝࠸ࡓప⎔ቃ
◊✲㛤Ⓨᨭ᥼ࣉ ㈇Ⲵ࣭ప ࢚ࣞࢡࢺࣟࢽࢡࢫ〇㐀ᢏ⾡ࡢ㛤Ⓨ
ࣟࢢ࣒ࣛ
⬟ᮌ 㞞ஓ
ඹྠ◊✲
⬟ᮌ 㞞ஓ
ओKRI
ࣉࣜࣥࢸࢵࢻ࣭࢚ࣞࢡࢺࣟࢽࢡࢫ
࡟࠾ࡅࡿ᭷ᶵ࣭↓ᶵ࣭㔠ᒓࢼࣀ࣐
ࢸࣜ࢔ࣝࡢ⏺㠃ไᚚ࡟ྥࡅࡓྲྀ
ࡾ⤌ࡳ
55,764
4,000
➨ 3 ࣉࣟࢪ࢙ࢡࢺ◊✲ศ㔝㸦ࣅ࣮࣒ᛂ⏝ࣇࣟࣥࢸ࢕࢔◊✲ศ㔝㸧
ཎⴭㄽᩥ
[1]Dynamics of Radical Cation of Poly(styrene acrylate)-Based Chemically Amplified Resist for Extreme
Ultraviolet and Electron Beam Lithography, Yasuharu Tajima, Kazumasa Okamoto, Takahiro Kozawa,
Seiichi Tagawa, Ryoko Fujiyoshi, Takashi Sumiyoshi: Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, 50 (2011)
06GD03/1-06GD03/3.
[2]Theoretical Study on Reactivity of Photoacid Generators for EUV Lithography, Masayuki Endo and
Seiichi Tagawa: J. Photopolym. Sci. Technol., 24 (2011) 205-210.
[3]Theoretical Study of Photoacid Generators for Extreme Ultraviolet Resists, Masayuki Endo and Seiichi
Tagawa: Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, 50 (2011) 06GD04/1-06GD04/4.
[4]Electron beam lithography using highly sensitive negative type of plant-based resist material derived
from biomass on hardmask layer, Satoshi Takei, Akihiro Oshima, Atsushi Sekiguchi, Naomi Yanamori,
Miki Kashiwakura, Takahiro Kozawa, Seiichi Tagawa: Applied Physics Express, 4 (2011)
106502/1-106502/3.
[5]Study on Positive-Negative Inversion of Chlorinated Resist Materials, Tomoko Gowa Oyama, Akihiro
Oshima, Hiroki Yamamoto, Seiichi Tagawa, and Masakazu Washio: Applied Physics Express, 4 (2011)
076501/1-076501/3.
[6]Evaluation of Resist Sensitivity in Extreme Ultraviolet/Soft X-ray Region for Next-generation
Lithography, Tomoko Gowa Oyama, Akihiro Oshima, Masakazu Washio, and Seiichi Tagawa: AIP
Advances, 1 (2011) 042153/1-042153/5.
[7]Acid Generation Mechanism for Extreme Ultraviolet Resists Containing Pinanediol Monosulfonate
Acid Amplifiers: A Pulse Radiolysis Study, Kazuyuki Enomoto, Koji Arimitsu, Atsutaro Yoshizawa, Ravi
Joshi, Hiroki Yamamoto, Akihiro Oshima, Takahiro Kozawa, Seiichi Tagawa: , 51 (2012)
046502/1-046502/6.
ᅜ㝿఍㆟
[1]The effect of substituent on photoacid generators for EUV resist (poster), M.Endo,S.Tagawa: RadTech
Asia 2011, Yokohama, Japan, 2011, 6/20-23.
[2]Theoretical evaluation of polymer bound photoacid generators for EUV resist (poster),
M.Endo,S.Tagawa: 2011 International Symposium on Extreme Ultraviolet Lithography, Miami, Florida,
USA, 2011, 10/17-19.
[3]Theoretical Study of Ionization of Polymers for EUV Resist (poster), M.Endo,S.Tagawa: 24th
International Microprocesses and Nanotechnology Conference, Kyoto, Japan, 2011, 10/24-27.
[4]Solvated Electron Reaction with Some Polymer Bound Acid Generators or New Acid Generators
(poster), R.Joshi, H.Yamamoto, K.Enomoto,S.Tagawa: 24th International Microprocesses and
― 242 ―
Nanotechnology Conference, Kyoto, Japan, 2011, 10/24-27.
[5]Study on Resist Performance of Polymer Bounded Photo-acid Generators (PAG) and blended PAG
(poster), Dang Nguyen Tuan, H.Yamamoto,S.Tagawa: 24th International Microprocesses and
Nanotechnology Conference, Kyoto, Japan, 2011, 10/24-27.
[6]Theoretical study on structural effects of polymer ionization for EUV resist (poster),
M.Endo,S.Tagawa: 2012 SPIE conference, San Jose, California, USA, 2012, 2/12-16.
ᅜෆᏛ఍
ᛂ⏝≀⌮Ꮫ఍Ꮫ⾡ㅮ₇఍
ᨺᑕ⥺໬Ꮫウㄽ఍
㧗ศᏊウㄽ఍
1௳
3௳
1௳
㜰኱⏘◊-⌮⛉Ꮫ◊✲ᡤ࢔ࣛ࢖࢔ࣥࢫࣛ࣎
ཎⴭㄽᩥ
[1]N-Glycosylation profiling of recombinant mouse extracellular superoxide dismutase produced in
Chinese hamster ovary cells., H. Korekane, A. Korekane, Y. Yamaguchi, M. Kato, Y. Miyamoto, A.
Matsumoto, T. Hasegawa, K. Suzuki, N. Taniguchi, T. Ookawara.: Glycoconj. J., 28 (2011) 183-196.
[2]Pathway to diabetes through attenuation of pancreatic beta cell glycosylation and glucose transport., K.
Ohtsubo, M.Z. Chen, J.M. Olefsky, J.D. Marth: Nat. Med., 17 (9) (2011) 1067-1075.
[3]Brain-specific expression of N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase IX (GnT-IX) is regulated by epigenetic
histone modifications., Y. Kizuka, S. Kitazume, M. Yoshida, N. Taniguchi: J. Biol. Chem., 286 (36)
(2011) 31875-31884.
[4]Core fucosylation of ȝ heavy chains regulates assembly and intracellular signaling of precursor B cell
receptors., W. Li, Q. Liu, Y. Pang, J. Jin, H. Wang, H. Cao, Z. Li, X. Wang, B. Ma, Y. Chi, R. Wang, A.
Kondo, J. Gu, N. Taniguchi: J. Biol. Chem., 287 (4) (2012) 2500-2508.
[5]Searching for partners., N. Taniguchi: Proteomics, 12 (1) (2012) 9-10.
ᅜ㝿఍㆟
[1]Regulation of Brain-Specific GnT-IX (Vb) Expression by Neural Histone-Code (invited), N.
Taniguchi: Gordon Research Conference/The 2011 Glycobiology, Barga, Italy, May 8-13, 2011.
[2]Brain-specific expression of N-acetylglucosamiltransferase IX(GnT-IX) is regulated by a neural
histone code (invited), N. Taniguchi: Workshop on “The development of Glycobiology in China”,
Shanghai, China, June 24-26, 2011.
[3]Role of nucleotide sugars in "glycan cycle" (invited), N. Taniguchi: Second Joint Austria/Japan
Seminar on Comparative and Developmental Glycobiology, Vienna, Austria, Aug.20, 2011.
[4]Fucosylated alpha-fetoprotein(AFP):Structural Baseis and development of antibody-lectin enzyme
immunoassay (invited), N. Taniguchi: HUPO 2011 10th World Congress, Geneva, Switzerland, Sep. 4-7,
2011.
[5]Systems Glycobiology Approach for understanding glycan functions in disease (invited), N. Taniguchi:
The 31st Naito Conference, Sapporo, Japan, Sep. 13-16, 2011.
[6]From snapshots to movies (invited), N. Taniguchi: The 31st Naito Conference, Sapporo, Japan, Sep.
13-16, 2011.
― 243 ―
[7]Epigenetic histone modifications regulate brain specific expression of
N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase-IX (GnT-IX) (poster), N. Taniguchi: 2011 Annual Conference of the
Society for Glycobiology, Seattle, U.S.A., Nov. 9-12, 2011.
[8]Branched N-glycans and their implications for cell adhesion, signaling and clinical application for
cancer biomarker and therapeutics (oral), N. Taniguchi: RIKEN-MPI Symposium, Dortmund, Germany,
Mar. 5-7, 2012.
[9]Systems Glycobiology Approach in Biomarker Discovery and Therapeutics (oral), N. Taniguchi: 6th
Glycan Forum, Berlin, Germany, Mar. 18-22, 2012.
[10]Hypoxia-induced sialyl-Tn antigen expression facilitates tumor metastasis (oral), Ohtsubo K,
Takamatsu S, Okuyama H, Kurosawa TM, Inoue M and Taniguchi N.: 21st International Symposium on
Glycoconjugates (GLYCO- 21), Vienna, Austria, Aug. 21-26, 2011.
[11]Hypoxia-induced Sialyl-Tn carbohydrate antigen expression facilitates tumor metastasis (oral),
Ohtsubo K, Takamatsu S, Okuyama H, Inoue M, Kurosawa T and Taniguchi N: The 31st Naito
Conference, Sapporo, Japan, Sep. 13-16, 2011.
ᅜ㝿఍㆟ࡢ⤌⧊ጤဨࠊᅜ㝿㞧ㄅࡢ⦅㞟ጤဨ
㇂ཱྀ ┤அ
Antioxidant and Redox Signaling (⦅㞟ጤဨ)
㇂ཱྀ ┤அ
Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences (⦅㞟ጤဨ)
㇂ཱྀ ┤அ
Clinical Proteomics (⦅㞟ጤဨ)
㇂ཱྀ ┤அ
Glycobiology (⦅㞟ጤဨ)
㇂ཱྀ ┤அ
IUBMB life (⦅㞟ጤဨ)
㇂ཱྀ ┤அ
IUBMB Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Education (⦅㞟ጤဨ)
㇂ཱྀ ┤அ
Journal of Biological Chemistry (⦅㞟ጤဨ)
㇂ཱྀ ┤அ
Nitric Oxide (⦅㞟ጤဨ)
㇂ཱྀ ┤அ
Protein Expression and Purification (⦅㞟ጤဨ)
㇂ཱྀ ┤அ
Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications (⦅㞟⪅)
㇂ཱྀ ┤அ
International Journal of Oncology (⦅㞟⪅)
㇂ཱྀ ┤அ
Glycoconjugate Journal (⦅㞟⪅)
㇂ཱྀ ┤அ
Proteomics (⦅㞟⪅)
㇂ཱྀ ┤அ
GlycoT (⛉Ꮫㅎၥጤဨ)
ᅜෆᏛ఍
➨ 30 ᅇ᪥ᮏ⢾㉁Ꮫ఍ᖺ఍
2௳
2௳
➨ 84 ᅇ᪥ᮏ⏕໬Ꮫ఍኱఍
1௳
᪥ᮏࣉࣟࢸ࣮࣒࢜Ꮫ఍ 2011 ᖺ኱఍/᪥ᮏࣄࢺࣉࣟࢸ࣮࣒࢜ᶵᵓ ➨ 9 ᅇ኱఍
1௳
➨ 15 ᅇ⭠⟶ฟ⾑ᛶ኱⭠⳦ឤᰁ⑕◊✲఍
1௳
➨ 51 ᅇ᪥ᮏ᰾་ᏛᏛ⾡⥲఍
1௳
➨ 21 ᅇ᪥ᮏ࣓࢖࣮ࣛࢻᏛ఍ᖺ఍
1௳
➨ 20 ᅇ᪥ᮏࡀࢇ㌿⛣Ꮫ఍Ꮫ⾡㞟఍
1௳
➨ 71 ᅇᒸᓮࢥࣥࣇ࢓ࣞࣥࢫࠕ⢾㙐ศᏊ⛉Ꮫࡢ᪂ࡓ࡞ᒎᮃࠖ
1௳
➨ 70 ᅇ᪥ᮏ⒴Ꮫ఍Ꮫ⾡⥲఍
ྲྀᚓᏛ఩
༤ኈ㸦་Ꮫ㸧
⾑⟶ෆ⓶⣽⬊ࢫ࢝࣋ࣥࢪ࣮ࣕཷᐜయ SREC-I ࡢ N ᆺ⢾㙐ࡣࠊࣜ࢞ࣥࢻ⤖ྜࠊ
బ㔝 ᰤᏹ
⭷㍺㏦ࠊᏳᐃᛶ࡟୙ྍḞ࡛࠶ࡿ
⛉Ꮫ◊✲㈝⿵ຓ㔠
༢఩㸸༓෇
ⱝᡭ◊✲(B)
⢾ᒀ⑓ᢚไᅉᏊ GnT-IVa ࢆᶆⓗ࡜ࡋࡓ᪂つ⢾ᒀ⑓἞⒪⸆ࡢ
4,550
኱ᆤ ࿴᫂
㛤Ⓨ
ᇶ┙◊✲㸦C㸧 Fut8 㑇ఏᏊኚ␗࣐࢘ࢫ࡟࠾ࡅࡿ៏ᛶ㛢ሰᛶ⫵⑌ᝈ᪩ᮇⓎ⑕
5,200
㧗 ྀ➗
ࡢศᏊᶵᵓࡢゎ᫂
― 244 ―
ࢼࣀᶵ⬟ᮦᩱࢹࣂ࢖ࢫ◊✲ศ㔝
ཎⴭㄽᩥ
[1]Self-Assembled Growth of Spinel (Fe,Zn)3O4-Perovskite BiFeO3 Nanocomposite Structures Using
Pulsed Laser Deposition, T. Sakamoto, A. N. Hattori, T. Kanki, K. Hattori, H. Daimon, H. Akinaga, and H.
Tanaka: Jpn. J. Appl. Phys, 51 (2012) 035504(1-4).
[2]Non-Destructive Estimation of Depletion Layer Profile in Nb-doped SrTiO3/(La,Ba)MnO3 n-p+
Heterojunction Diode Structure by Hard X-ray Photoemission Spectroscopy, H. Tanaka, I. Satoh, T.
Kanki, E. Ikenaga, M. Kobata, J.-J. Kim, S. Ueda and K. Kobayashi: Appl. Phys. Lett., 98 (2011)
133505-1-3.
[3]Preparation of Ferroelectric Field Effect Transistor based on sustainable stolongly correlated
(Fe,Zn)3O4 oxide semiconductor and their electrical transport properties, J. Takaobushi, T. Kanki, T.
Kawai and H. Tanaka: Appl. Phys. Lett., 98 (2011) 102506-1-3.
[4]Identifying valence band structure of transient phase in VO2 thin film by hard x-ray photoemission, T.
Kanki, H. Takami, S. Ueda, A. N. Hattori, K. Hattori, H. Daimon, K. Kobayashi, H. Tanaka: Physical
Review B, 84 (2011) 085107㸦1-5㸧.
[5]Position-, size-, and shape-controlled highly crystalline ZnO nanostructures, A. N. Hattori, A. Ono, and
H. Tanaka: Nanotechnology, 22 (2011) 415301-415305.
[6]Extremely reduced hollow metal nanomasks for direct epitaxial growth of functional oxide
nanostructures, N.-G Cha, T. Kanki and H. Tanaka: Nanotechnology, 22 (2011) 185306-185311.
[7]High Temperature-Coefficient of Resistance at Room Temperature in W-doped VO2 Thin Films on
Al2O3 Substarte and Thier Thickness Dependence, H. Takami, K. Kawatani, T. Kanki and H. Tanaka: Jpn.
J. Appl. Phys., 50 (2011) 055804(3).
[8]Observation of a tunneling magnetoresistance effect in magnetic tunneling junctions with a high
resistance ferromagnetic oxide Fe2.5Mn0.5O4 electrode, E. Shikoh, T. Kanki, H. Tanaka, T. Shinjo, M.
Shiraishi: Solid State Commun., 151 (2011) 1296-1299.
[9]Graphene Formation on 4H-SiC(0001) Surface Flattened by Catalyst-Assisted Chemical Etching in HF
Solution, K. Nishitani, H. Sakane, A. N. Hattori, T. Okamoto, K. Kawai, J. Uchikoshi, Y. Sano, K.
Yamauchi, M. Morita, and K. Arima: ECS Transactions, 41 (2011) 241-248.
[10]Damage-Free Dry Polishing of 4H-SiC Combined with Atmospheric-Pressure Water Vapor Plasma
Oxidation, H. Deng, T. Takiguchi, M. Ueda, A. N. Hattori, N. Zettsu, K. Yamamura: Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.,
50 (2011) 08㹈㹅05㸦1-4㸧.
[11]Plasma assisted polishing of single crystal SiC for obtaining atomically flat strain-free surface, K.
Yamamura, T. Takiguchi, M. Ueda, H. Deng, A. N. Hattori, N. Zettsu: Manufacturing Technology, 60
(2011) 571-574.
[12]Highly-integrity finishing of 4H-SiC(0001) by plasma-assisted polishing, K. Yamamura, T. Takiguchi,
M. Ueda, H. Deng, A. N. Hattori, N. Zettsu: Journal of the Japan society for abrasive technology, 55
(2011) 534-539.
[13]Atomically Smooth Gallium Nitride Surfaces Prepared by Chemical Etching with Platinum Catalyst
in Water, J. Murata, T. Okamoto, S. Sadakuni, A. N. Hattori, K. Yagi, Y. Sano, K. Arima, and K.
Yamauchi: Journal of the Electrochemical Society, 159 (2012) 㹆417-㹆420.
― 245 ―
ᅜ㝿఍㆟
[1]Nano scale template deposition for preparation of functional oxide nano-wire, nano-box, and nano-dot
materials (oral), H. Tanaka, T.Kusizaki, K. Fujiwara, A. Hattori: 2011 MRS Fall Meeting,Boston, MA ,
USA, Nov.28-Dec.2 ,2011.
[2]Control of self-assembled nano-scale electron domains in high quality VO2 thin films and application
for nano-oxide device (oral), H.Tanaka,H. Takami, K.Kawatani, T. Kanki Hidekazu Tanaka, Hidefumi
Takami, Kenichi Kawatani, Teruo Kanki: The 15th International Conference on Thin Films
(ICTF-15),Kyoto, Japan,Nov. 9, 2011.
[3]Multi Dimensional Oxide Nano Heterostructures for Spintronics Application (invited), H.Tanaka
Hidekazu Tanaka, Hidefumi Takami, Kenichi Kawatani, Teruo Kanki: BIT’s 1st Annual World
Congress of Nano-S&T,Dalian, China,Oct. 23-26, 2011.
[4]SPM-based novel nanofabrication for oxides - Total control of Oxide Nanostructure (invited),
H.Tanaka Hidekazu Tanaka, Hidefumi Takami, Kenichi Kawatani, Teruo Kanki: 㹒he Korean
Physical Society (KPS) Fall meeting,Busan,Korea,from Oct. 19-21, 2011.
[5]Multi-dimensional Nanostructured Oxide Devices (invited), H.Tanaka Hidekazu Tanaka, Hidefumi
Takami, Kenichi Kawatani, Teruo Kanki: 2011 International Conference on Solid State Devices and
Materials (SSDM 2011),Ngoya,Aichi,Sep.28-30,2011.
[6]Integrated Nano-Template for Oxide Nano-Electronics (invited), H. Tanaka, T. Kusizaki, K. Fujiwara,
A. Hattori: The 6th International symposium on Integrated Molecular/Materials
Engineering(ISIMME-6),Beijing,China,June.6-9,2011.
[7]Surface Nanopatterning for Spintronics (invited), H.Tanaka: The Manufacturing at the Nanoscale;
Overcoming Barriers to Commercialization Symposium 㸦The Nanotech Conference and Expo
2011㸧,Boston, MA , USA,June.13-16,2011.
[8]Self-assembled growth of ferromagnetic semiconductor-ferroelectric insulator nanocomposite
structures using a pulsed laser deposition method (poster), T. Sakamoto, A. N. Hattori, T. Kanki,
H.Tanaka: MNC 2011,24th International Microprocesses and Nanotechnology
Conference,,Kyoto,Oct.24-27,2011.
[9]Fabrication of functional oxide nanostructures and the electronic application utilizing stochastic
resonance (oral), T. Kanki, H. Takami, K. Kawatani, and H. Tanaka : MNC 2011,24th International
Microprocesses and Nanotechnology Conference,,Kyoto,Oct.24-27,2011.
[10]Identifying valence band structure of M2 phase from mixed phases in VO2 thin film (poster), T.Kanki,
H.Takami, S. Ueda, A.N. Hattori, K.Hattori, H.Daimon, K.Kobayashi, H.Tanaka: 2011MRS Fall
Meeting,Boston, MA , USA, Nov.28-Dec.2 ,2011.
[11]Fabrication of epitaxial VO2 nanostructured thin films and their electronic properties (poster),
H.Takami, T. Kanki, K.Kawatani and H.Tanaka: 2011MRS Fall Meeting,Boston, MA , USA,
Nov.28-Dec.2 ,2011.
[12]UHV in-situ Photoluminescence for GaN(0001) Substrates in Different Preparations (poster), A. N.
Hattori, K. Hattori, Y. Moriwaki, A. Yamamoto, H. Daimon, K. Endo: International Symposium on
Surface Science6,Funabori,Tokyo,Dec.11-16th,2012.
[13]Position-, Size-, and Shape-controlled highly crystalline ZnO nanostructures (poster), A. N. Hattori, A.
Ono, H. Tanaka: International Symposium on Surface Science6,Funabori,Tokyo,Dec.11-16th,2012.
― 246 ―
[14]Position-, Size-, and Shape-controlled highly crystalline ZnO nanostructures (poster), A. N. Hattori, A.
Ono, H. Tanaka: 7th Handai Nanoscience and Nanotechnology International Symposium, Suita, Osaka,
November, 10-11, 2011.
[15]Observation of Local Electrochemical Phase Change in Resistive Switching Devices (invited), K.
Fujiwara, Y. Konno, Y. Nakamura, M. J. Rozenberg, and H. Takagi: 19th International Conference on
Composites/Nano-Engineering, Shanghai, China, July 24-31, 2011.
[16]Electric-field modulation of transport properties in charge-ordered LuFe2O4 (poster), K. Fujiwara and
H. Tanaka: 7th Handai Nanoscience and Nanotechnology International Symposium, Suita, Osaka,
November, 10-11, 2011.
[17]Fabrication of (Fe,Mn)3O4 nanowires using a sidewall deposition method (poster), T. Kushizaki, K.
Fujiwara, A. N. Hattori, T. Kanki and H. Tanaka: 7th Handai Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
International Symposium, Suita, Osaka, November, 10-11, 2011.
[18]Ferromagnetic oxide nanowire structures fabricated by sidewall deposition method (poster), T.
Kushizaki, K. Fujiwara, A. N. Hattori, T. Kanki and H. Tanaka: The 15th SANKEN internatinal
symposium 2012, Suita, Osaka, Jan. 12-13th, 2012.
[19]Controlled Growth Position and Aligned Magnetic Domains in Self-organized Fe/LaSrFeO4
Nanostructure (poster), K. Okada, T. Sakamoto, K. Fujiwara, A. Hattori, T. Kanki, and H. Tanaka: The
15th SANKEN internatinal symposium 2012, Suita, Osaka, Jan. 12-13th, 2012.
[20]Position-selective Growth of Self-organized Fe Nanopillars on Substrates with Patterned Nanodots
(poster), K. Okada, T. Sakamoto, A. Hattori, T. Kanki, and H. Tanaka: 7th Handai Nanoscience and
Nanotechnology International Symposium, Suita, Osaka, November, 10-11, 2011.
[21]Modultion of Metal-Insulator Transition Temperature in W-doped VO2 Thin Films : Toward Mott
devices (invited), H. Takami, K.Kawatan, T. Kanki, S. Ueda,K. Kobayashi, H. Tanaka: 19th International
Conference on Composites/Nano-Engineering, Shanghai, China, July 24-31, 2011.
[22]Fabrication of the three dimensionally nanopatterned MgO substrates (poster), Y.Fujiwara, A. N.
Hattori, , H. Tanaka: International Symposium on Surface Science6,Funabori,Tokyo,Dec.11-16th,2012.
[23]Epitaxial VO2 Nanolines Fabricated by Using a Nanoimprint Lithography (poster), H.Takami,
K.Kawatani, T.Kanki and H.Tanaka: 7th Handai Nanoscience and Nanotechnology International
Symposium, Suita, Osaka, November, 10-11, 2011.
[24]Three-dimensionally-nanopatterned MgO substrates for the fabrication of the epitaxial transition
metal oxide nanowire (poster), Y.Fujiwara, A. N. Hattori, , H. Tanaka: 7th Handai Nanoscience and
Nanotechnology International Symposium, Suita, Osaka, November, 10-11, 2011.
[25]Electronic control of huge metal-insulator domains (poster), K. Kawatani, H. Takami, T. Kanki, H.
Tanaka: 7th Handai Nanoscience and Nanotechnology International Symposium, Suita, Osaka, November,
10-11, 2011.
[26]Fabrication of epitaxial VO2 nanostructured thin films using a nanoimprint lithography technique
(poster), H.Takami, K.Kawatani, T.Kanki, H.Tanaka: Workshop on Oxide Electronics 18, Napa Valley,
California, USA, Sep.26 - Sep.28, 2011.
ゎㄝࠊ⥲ㄝ
ࣀ࢖ࢬࢆ฼⏝ࡋࡓ᪂ᴫᛕ᝟ሗఏ㐩㟁Ꮚᮦᩱࡢ๰ฟ, ⚄ྜྷ ㍤ኵࠊ⏣୰ ⚽࿴, ኱㜰኱Ꮫ ప ࢭ
ࣥࢱ࣮ࡔࡼࡾ, Low Temperature Cente,Osaka Univ, 155 (2011), 5-9.
― 247 ―
Establishment of processes for nanoscale functional oxides, Hidekazu Tanaka, Teruo Kanki, Nam-Goo
Cha, Azusa Hattori, Nanotech Japan Bulletin, Nanotech Japan, 4 (2011), No.12.
ⴭ᭩
[1]tructure, Morphology, and Stoichiometry of GaN(0001) Surfaces Through Various Cleaning
Procedures (A. Innocenti, N. Kamarulzaman)“Stoichiometry and Materials Science”, ᭹㒊ᱻࠊ㐲⸨຾⩏,
InTech, (83-104) 2012.
ᅜෆᏛ఍
2012 ᖺ(ᖹᡂ 24 ᖺ)᫓Ꮨ ➨ 59 ᅇᛂ⏝≀⌮Ꮫ㛵ಀ㐃ྜㅮ₇఍
8௳
1௳
2012 ᖺ᫓Ꮨ ➨ 50 ᅇ ᛂ⏝≀⌮Ꮫ㛵ಀ㐃ྜㅮ₇఍
3௳
᪥ᮏ≀⌮Ꮫ఍ 2011 ᖺ⛅Ꮨ኱఍
7௳
2011 ᖺ⛅Ꮨ ➨ 72 ᅇ ᛂ⏝≀⌮Ꮫ఍Ꮫ⾡ㅮ₇఍
ྲྀᚓᏛ఩
ಟኈ㸦ᕤᏛ㸧
⮬ᕫ⤌⧊໬⤖ᬗᡂ㛗࡟ࡼࡿ(Fe,Zn)3O4-BiFeO3 ᏶඲఩⨨ไᚚ㸱ḟඖࢼࣀᵓ㐀య
㜰ᮏ ༟ஓ
ࡢ๰〇
⛉Ꮫ◊✲㈝⿵ຓ㔠
༢఩㸸༓෇
ⱝᡭ◊✲㸦S㸧
ᙉ┦㛵㓟໬≀ࢼࣀ࢚ࣞࢡࢺࣟࢽࢡࢫᵓ⠏࡟㛵ࡍࡿ◊✲
22,880
⏣୰ ⚽࿴
᪂Ꮫ⾡㡿ᇦ◊✲ ⮬ᕫ⤌⧊໬㓟໬≀ࢼࣀࢫࣆࣥࢺࣟࢽࢡࢫ
5,850
⏣୰ ⚽࿴
ⱝᡭ◊✲㸦B㸧
ᐊ ࡺࡽࡂࢆ฼⏝ࡋࡓ☜⋡ඹ㬆ࢼࣀᮦᩱࡢ๰ฟ
2,470
⚄ྜྷ ㍤ኵ
᪂Ꮫ⾡㡿ᇦ◊✲ ⏕యᶵ⬟࡟Ꮫࡪࢼࣀᮦᩱᛂ⏝࡜⏕యᶵ⬟ᶍೌࢹࣂ࢖ࢫࡢ๰
8,840
⚄ྜྷ ㍤ኵ
ฟ
ⱝᡭ◊✲㸦B㸧
஧ඖ⣔㑄⛣㔠ᒓ㓟໬≀࡟࠾ࡅࡿ㟁⏺ㄏ㉳᢬ᢠኚ໬⌧㇟ࡢᶵ
650
⸨ཎ ᏹᖹ
ᵓゎ᫂
ཷク◊✲
⏣୰ ⚽࿴
⊂❧⾜ᨻἲே ᪂࢚ࢿ
ࢧࢫࢸ࢕ࢼࣈࣝ Fe 㓟໬≀㧗 ᙉ
8,970
ࣝࢠ࣮࣭⏘ᴗᢏ⾡⥲ྜ㛤 ☢ᛶ༙ᑟయࢆ⏝࠸ࡓࢫࣆ࢚ࣥࣞ
Ⓨᶵᵓ
ࢡࢺࣟࢽࢡࢫ⣲Ꮚࡢ㛤Ⓨ
ዡᏛᐤ㝃㔠
⏣୰ ⚽࿴
බ┈㈈ᅋἲே ᪫◪Ꮚ㈈ᅋ ⌮஦㛗 ⏣୰ 㚩஧
2,000
ඹྠ◊✲
⏣୰ ⚽࿴
ओࢼࢳࣗࣛࢸࢡࣀࣟࢪ
ⷧ⭷ࢹࣂ࢖ࢫస〇ࡢࡓࡵࡢࢫࣃ
660
࣮
ࢵࢱࣉࣟࢭࢫࡢ㛤Ⓨ
ࢼࣀᴟ㝈ࣇ࢓ࣈࣜࢣ࣮ࢩࣙࣥศ㔝
ཎⴭㄽᩥ
[1]Femtosecond pulse radiolysis study on geminate ion recombination in n-dodecane, T. Kondoh, J. Yang,
K. Norizawa, K. Kan, Y. Yoshida: Radiat. Phys. Chem., 80 (2011) 286-290.
[2]Development of femtosecond photocathode RF gun, K. Kan, J. Yang, T. Kondoh, Y. Yoshida: Nucl.
Instr. Meth. A, 659 (2011) 44-48.
[3]Ultrafast pulse radiolysis, J. Yang, T. Kondoh, K. Kan, Y. Yoshida: Nucl. Instr. Meth. A, 629 (2011)
6-10.
[4]Femtosecond pulse radiolysis and femtosecond electron diffraction, J. Yang, K. Kan, T. Kondoh, Y.
Yoshida, K. Tanimura: Nucl. Instr. Meth. A, 637 (2011) S24-S29.
― 248 ―
[5]Collective energy loss of attosecond electron bunches, A. Ogata, T. Kondoh, K. Norizawa, J. Yang, Y.
Yoshida: Nucl. Instr. Meth. A, 637 (2011) S95-S98.
[6]Transmission-electron diffraction by MeV electron pulses, Y. Murooka, N. Naruse, S. Sakakihara, M.
Ishimaru, J. Yang, K. Tanimura: Appl. Phys. Lett., 98 (2011) 251903.
[7]Proposal for generation of high-intensity monochromatic cherenkov radiation in THz range by
femtosecond electron bunches impurity-doped semiconductor tube, K. Kan, J. Yang, K. Norizawa, T.
Kondoh, Y. Yoshida, A. Ogata: Radiat. Phys. Chem., 80 (2011) 1323-1326.
[8]Multimode terahertz-wave generation using coherent Cherenkov radiation, K. Kan, J. Yang, A. Ogata,
T. Kondoh, K. Norizawa, Y. Yoshida: Appl. Phys. Lett., 99 (2011) 231503.
[9]Development of femtosecond photocathode RF gun, K. Kan, J. Yang, T. Kondoh, Y. Yoshida: Nucl.
Instr. Meth. A, 659 (2011) 44-48.
[10]Measurement of the Ion Beam Pulse Radiolysis Using Scintillator, T. Kondoh, J. Yang, K. Kan, Y.
Yoshida: JAEA Takasaki Annual Report 2010, (2012) 144.
[11]Femtosecond pulse radiolysis study of geminate ion recombination in biphenyl-dodecane solution, T.
Kondoh, J. Yang, K. Norizawa, K. Kan, T. Kozawa, A. Ogata, S. Tagawa, Y. Yoshida: Radiat. Phys.
Chem., (2012) in press.
[12]Radiation-induced radicals in hydrated magnesium sulfate, A. Tani, N. Hasegawa, K. Norizawa, T.
Yada, M. Ikeya: Radiat. Meas., (2012) in press.
ᅜ㝿఍㆟
[1]Dynamic Transmission Electron Microscopy using Femtosecond MeV Electron Beam (invited), J.
Yang: The 3rd Asian Core Workshop on Advanced Quantum-Beam Sources and Applications,Feb. 23-24,
KAERI INTEC, Korea.
[2]Femotscond RF gun based MeV electron diffraction (invited), J. Yang, K. Kan, N. Naruse, Y. Murooka,
Y. Yoshida, K. Tanimura: 2011 Particle Accelerator Conference,4-9 September, 2011.
[3]Multimode Terahertz-wave Generation Using Femtosecond Electron Beam (poster), K. Kan, J. Yang, A.
Ogata, T. Kondoh, K. Norizawa, Y. Yoshida: The 15th SANKEN International Symposium and The 10th
SANKEN Nanotechnology Symposium,Jan12-13,2012,Japan.
[4]Electron capture in polymer model compound studied by femtosecond pulse radiolysis for advanced
nano-fabrication (poster), T. Kondoh, J. Yang, K. Norizawa, K. Kan, T. Toigawa, A. Ogata, H. Kobayashi,
S. Tagawa, Y. Yoshida: The 15th SANKEN International Symposium and The 10th SANKEN
Nanotechnology Symposium,Jan12-13,2012,Japan.
[5]Time-Dependent Behavior of Short Lived Active Species in Polymer Model Compound Studied by
Femtosecond Pulse Radiolysis for Advanced Nano-Fabrication (poster), T. Kondoh, J. Yang, K. Norizawa,
K. Kan, A. Ogata, H. Kobayashi, S. Tagawa, Y. Yoshida: 7th Handai Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
International Symposium,Nov.10-11,2011㺂Japan.
[6]The Formation and Reaction Process of Hydrated Electron Studied by Femtosecond Pulse Radiolysis
(poster), K. Norizawa, T. Kondoh, K. Kan, J. Yang, T. Kozawa, Y. Yoshida: 7th Handai Nanoscience and
Nanotechnology International Symposium,Nov.10-11,2011㺂Japan.
[7]Coherent Cherenkov Radiation for Quasi-monochromatic Terahertz Probe Light for Nano-scale
Information (poster), K. Kan, J. Yang, A. Ogata, T. Kondoh, K. Norizawa, Y. Yoshida: 7th Handai
― 249 ―
Nanoscience and Nanotechnology International Symposium,Nov.10-11,2011㺂Japan.
[8]Observation of Solvation and Pre-solvation of Electrons in Alcohol Radiolysis (poster), K. Norizawa, T.
Kondoh, K. Kan, J. Yang, T. Kozawa, Y. Yoshida: 7th Handai Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
International Symposium,Nov.10-11,2011㺂Japan.
[9]Femtosecond Photo injector and Relativistic Electron Microscopy (poster), J. Yang, K. Kan, N. Naruse,
Y. Murooka, Y. Yoshida, K. Tanimura: 2nd International Particle Accelerator Conference,4-9 September,
2011.
[10]Generation of Multimode Quasi-monochromatic Terahertz (poster), K. Kan, J. Yang, A. Ogata, T.
Kondoh, K. Norizawa, Y. Yoshida: 2nd International Particle Accelerator Conference,4-9 September,
2011.
[11]Femtosecond Pulse Radiolysis System on Primary Process of Radiation Chemistry (oral), Y. Yoshidaࠊ
J. Yang, T. Kondoh, K. Norizawa, K. Kan, T. Kozawa, A. Ogata, S. Tagawa: 12th Tihany Symposium on
Radiation Chemistry,August 27 - September 1, 2011, Zalakaros, HUNGARY.
[12]Time-dependent Behavior of Electron in n-Dodecane Studied by Femtosecond Pulse Radiolysis
(poster), T. Kondoh, J. Yang, K. Norizawa, K. Kan, T. Kozawa, A. Ogata, S. Tagawa, Y. Yoshida: 12th
Tihany Symposium on Radiation Chemistry,August 27 - September 1, 2011, Zalakaros, HUNGARY.
[13]Time-Dependent Behavior of Electron in n-Dodecane by Femtosecond Pulse Radiolysis (poster), T.
Kondoh, J. Yang, K. Norizawa, K. Kan, T. Kozawa, A. Ogata, S. Tagawa, Y. Yoshida: 27th Miller
Conference on Radiation Chemistry,20-25 May, 2011, Tällberg, Sweden.
[14]Formation process and Reactivity of Hydrated Electron Studied by Femtosecond Pulse Radiolysis
(poster), K. Norizawa, T. Kondoh, K. Kan, J. Yang, T. Kozawa, Y. Yoshida: 27th Miller Conference on
Radiation Chemistry,20-25 May, 2011, Tällberg, Sweden.
[15]Observation of Solvation and Pre-solvation of Electrons in Alcohol Radiolysis (poster), T. Toigawa,
K. Norizawa, T. Kondoh, K. Kan, J. Yang, T. Kozawa, Y. Yoshida: 27th Miller Conference on Radiation
Chemistry,20-25 May, 2011, Tällberg, Sweden.
[16]Bunch Length Measurement Using Coherent Cherenkov Radiation (poster), K. Kan, J. Yang, A.
Ogata, T. Kondoh, K. Norizawa, Y. Yoshida: DIPAC2011,May16-18 2011,Hamburg, Germany.
[17]Photoinjector Based MeV Electron Microscopy (poster), J. Yang, K. Kan, T. Kondoh, Y. Yoshida:
DIPAC2011,May16-18 2011,Hamburg, Germany.
[18]Femtosecond pulse radiolysis study of excess electron in ionic liquids (oral), T. Kondoh, J. Yang, Y.
Yoshida, R. Nagaishi, M. Taguchi, K. Takahashi, R. Katoh: 2nd International Workshop on Radiation
Effects in Nuclear Technology,28-29 February,Tokyo,Japan.
[19]Electron Diffusion and Transfer in Water Studied by Femtosecond Pulse Radiolysis (poster), K.
Norizawa, T. Kondoh, K. Kan, J. Yang, T. Kozawa, Y. Yoshida: 2nd International Workshop on Radiation
Effects in Nuclear Technology,28-29 February,Tokyo,Japan.
[20]Femtosecond pulse radiolysis study on solvation process of electrons in neat alcohols (poster), K.
Norizawa, T. Kondoh, K. Kan, J. Yang, T. Kozawa, Y. Yoshida: 2nd International Workshop on Radiation
Effects in Nuclear Technology,28-29 February,Tokyo,Japan.
ゎㄝࠊ⥲ㄝ
ᴟ▷ࣃࣝࢫ㧗࿘Ἴ㟁Ꮚ㖠, ᳿㔠ᓠࠊⳢ᫭୍ࠊ㏆⸨Ꮥᩥࠊᐊᒸ⩏ᰤࠊᡂ℩ᘏᗣࠊྜྷ⏣㝧୍ࠊ㇂ᮧඞ
― 250 ―
ᕫࠊᾆᕝ㡰஧, J. Vacuum Society of Japan, ᪥ᮏ┿✵༠఍, 55 (2012), 42-49.
࢖࢜ࣥᾮయ୰ࡢ㟁Ꮚࡢ⁐፹࿴㐣⛬࡜ࢪ࢙࣑ࢿ࣮ࢺ࢖࢜ࣥ෌⤖ྜ, ㏆⸨Ꮥᩥࠊ᳿㔠ᓠࠊྜྷ⏣㝧୍, ᨺ
ᑕ⥺໬Ꮫ, ᪥ᮏᨺᑕ⥺໬Ꮫ఍, 91 (2011), 33-38.
ࣇ࢛ࢺ࢝ࢯ࣮ࢻ RF 㟁Ꮚ㖠ࢆ⏝࠸ࡓ㉸㧗㏿⛊᫬㛫ศゎ MeV ㏱㐣㟁Ꮚᅇᢡ⿦⨨ࡢ㛤Ⓨ, ᡂ℩ᘏᗣࠊ
ᐊᒸ⩏ᰤࠊ᳿㔠ᓠࠊ㇂ᮧඞᕫ, ᪥ᮏຍ㏿ჾᏛ఍, ᪥ᮏຍ㏿ჾᏛ఍, 7[4] (2011), 261-270.
ⴭ᭩
[1]࣮ࣞࢨ࣮࡜ࣉࣛࢬ࣐࡜⢏Ꮚࣅ࣮࣒ (ᑠ᪉ཌ)“࣮ࣞࢨ࣮࡜ࣉࣛࢬ࣐࡜⢏Ꮚࣅ࣮࣒”, ᑠ᪉ཌࠊⳢ᫭
୍ࠊ᳿㔠ᓠ, ኱㜰኱Ꮫฟ∧఍, (1-308) 2012.
ᅜෆᏛ఍
᪥ᮏຍ㏿ჾᏛ఍
㧗ᓮ㔞Ꮚᛂ⏝◊✲ࢩ࣏ࣥࢪ࣒࢘
᪥ᮏཎᏊຊᏛ఍
ᨺᑕ⥺໬Ꮫウㄽ఍
ࣅ࣮࣒≀⌮◊✲఍ 2011
㟁㢧ᢏ⾡㛤Ⓨⱝᡭ◊✲㒊఍ ➨ 3 ᅇ࣮࣡ࢡࢩࣙࢵࣉ
᰾⼥ྜ⛉Ꮫ◊✲ᡤ ୍⯡ඹྠ◊✲ ◊✲࣭ሗ࿌఍
㧗㍤ᗘ࣭RF 㟁Ꮚ㖠◊✲఍
㟁☢࣓ࢱ࣐ࢸࣜ࢔ࣝ඲య఍㆟
᪥ᮏ໬Ꮫ఍
᪥ᮏ≀⌮Ꮫ఍
ᛂ⏝≀⌮㛵ಀ㐃ྜㅮ₇఍
⛉Ꮫ◊✲㈝⿵ຓ㔠
ᇶ┙◊✲㸦㹑㸧
ྜྷ⏣ 㝧୍
ᇶ┙◊✲㸦㸿㸧
᳿ 㔠ᓠ
᪂Ꮫ⾡㡿ᇦ◊✲
Ⳣ ᫭୍
ཷク◊✲
᳿ 㔠ᓠࠊⳢ
᫭୍
ඹྠ◊✲
ྜྷ⏣ 㝧୍
5௳
1௳
9௳
6௳
1௳
1௳
1௳
2௳
2௳
2௳
1௳
1௳
ḟୡ௦࢔ࢺ⛊࣭ࣇ࢙࣒ࢺ⛊ࣃࣝࢫࣛࢪ࢜ࣜࢩࢫ࡟㛵ࡍࡿ◊
✲
ࣇ࢙࣒ࢺ⛊᫬㛫ศゎ㟁Ꮚ㢧ᚤ㙾ࡢᇶ♏◊✲
ࣇ࢙࣒ࢺ⛊㟁Ꮚࣅ࣮࣒࡜ࢸࣛ࣊ࣝࢶἼ࣓ࢱ࣐ࢸࣜ࢔ࣝࢆ⏝
࠸ࡓ㏫ࢳ࢙ࣞࣥࢥࣇᨺᑕࡢ◊✲
㸦⊂㸧⏘ᴗᢏ⾡⥲ྜ◊✲
ᡤ
㧗ฟຊࢸࣛ࣊ࣝࢶἼග※ࢆ⏝࠸
ࡓ୙ṇ⸆≀࣭⇿Ⓨ≀᥈▱࡟ಀࡿ
ㄪᰝ◊✲
᪥ᮏཎᏊຊ◊✲㛤Ⓨᶵ
ᵓ
ࣃࣝࢫࣛࢪ࢜ࣜࢩࢫἲࢆ⏝࠸ࡓ
ᶵ⬟ᛶ཯ᛂሙ࡛ࡢ㐣Ώ⌧㇟࡟㛵
ࡍࡿ◊✲
ࢩࣥࢳ࣮ࣞࢱࢆ⏝࠸ࡓ㔜࢖࢜ࣥ
ࣃࣝࢫࣛࢪ࢜ࣜࢩࢫ࡟ࡼࡿ᭷ᶵ
≀ศゎึᮇ㐣⛬ࡢ◊✲㸦 㸧
ᨺᑕ⥺ࡀࢇ἞⒪ࡢࡓࡵࡢࢼࣀ࣭࣐
࢖ࢡࣟ⥺㔞ィ㛤Ⓨ
࢖࢜ࣥᾮయ୰ࡢ㟁Ꮚࡢ⁐፹࿴㐣
⛬࡜㟁Ꮚ⛣ື཯ᛂ
ྜྷ⏣ 㝧୍
᪥ᮏཎᏊຊ◊✲㛤Ⓨᶵ
ᵓ
ྜྷ⏣ 㝧୍
ᗈᓥᅜ㝿኱Ꮫ
ྜྷ⏣ 㝧୍
㔠ἑ኱Ꮫ
ࡑࡢ௚ࡢ➇தⓗ◊✲㈨㔠
Ⳣ ᫭୍
᰾⼥ྜ⛉Ꮫ◊✲ᡤ ୍⯡ඹྠ◊✲
― 251 ―
༢఩㸸༓෇
41,600
15,340
4,030
ᖹᡂ 23 ᖺᗘ
᰾⼥ྜ⛉Ꮫ◊
✲ᡤ ୍⯡ඹ
ྠ◊✲ ◊
✲࣭ሗ࿌఍࡟࠾
525
0
0
0
0
23
Ⳣ ᫭୍
኱㜰኱Ꮫ 㸦᪂Ꮫ⾡_22-26_ⴗ⾜ ṇ᠇㸧
ࡅࡿᡂᯝⓎ⾲
࡜᝟ሗ཰㞟
᪂Ꮫ⾡㟁☢࣓
ࢱ࣐ࢸࣜ࢔ࣝ
඲య఍㆟࡟࠾
ࡅࡿᡂᯝⓎ⾲
࡜᝟ሗ཰㞟
28
ࢼࣀᵓ㐀࣭ᶵ⬟ホ౯◊✲ศ㔝
ཎⴭㄽᩥ
[1]Temperature-Dependent Change in Shape of Platinum Nanoparticles Supported on CeO2 during
Catalytic Reactions, H. Yoshida, K. Matuura, Y. Kuwauchi, H. Kohno, S. Shimada, M. Haruta and S.
Takeda: Appl Phys. Express, 4 (2011) 065001(1)-065001(3).
[2]Systematic Morphology Changes of Gold Nanoparticles Supported on CeO2 during CO Oxidation, T.
Uchiyama, H. Yoshida, Y. Kuwauchi, S. Ichikawa, S. Shimada, M. haruta and S. Takeda: Angew. Chem.
Int. Ed., 50 (2011) 10157-10160.
[3]A theoretical study of CO adsorption on gold by Huckel theory and density functional theory
calculations, K. Sun, M. Kohyama, S. Tanaka and S. Takeda: J. Comput. Chem., 32 (2011) 3276-3282.
[4]Visualizing Gas Molecules Interacting with Supported Nanoparticulate Catalysts at Reaction
Conditions, H. Yoshida, Y. Kuwauchi, J. R. Jinschek, K. Sun, S. Tanaka, M. Kohyama, S. Shimada, M.
Haruta and S. Takeda: Science, 335 (2012) 317-319.
[5]High-temperature thermoelectric properties of Cu2Ga4Te7 with defect zinc-blende structure, T.
Plirdpring, K. Kurosaki, A. Kosuga, M. Ishimaru, A. Harnwunggmoung, T. Sugahara, Y. Ohishi, H. Muta,
S. Yamanaka: Appl. Phys. Lett., 98 (2011) 172104(1)-172104(3).
[6]Effect of vacancy distribution on the thermal conductivity of Ga2Te3 and Ga2Se3, C.-E. Kim, K.
Kurosaki, M. Ishimaru, H. Muta, S. Yamanaka: J. Electron. Mater., 40 (2011) 999-1004.
[7]Nanovoid formation by change in amorphous structure through the annealing of amorphous Al2O3 thin
films, M. Tane, S. Nakano, R. Nakamura, H. Ogi, M. Ishimaru, H. Kimizuka, H. Nakajima: Acta Mater.,
59 (2011) 4631-4640.
[8]Transmission-electron diffraction by MeV electron pulses, Y. Murooka, N. Naruse, S. Sakakihara, M.
Ishimaru, J. Yang, K. Tanimura: Appl. Phys. Lett., 98 (2011) 251903(1)-251903(3).
[9]Structural characterization of MBE grown InGaGdN/GaN and InGaN/GaGdN structures, D.
Krishnamurthy, S. N. M. Tawil, R. Kakimi, M. Ishimaru, S. Emura, Y.-K. Zhou, S. Hasegawa, H. Asahi:
phys. stat. solidi (c), 8 (2011) 2245-2247.
[10]Enhancement of nanovoid formation in annealed amorphous Al2O3 including W, R. Nakamura, M.
Ishimaru, A. Hirata, K. Sato, M. Tane, H. Kimizuka, T. Shudo, T. J. Konno, H. Nakajima: J. Appl. Phys.,
110 (2011) 064324(1)-064324(7).
[11]Superlattice-like stacking fault array in ion-irradiated GaN, M. Ishimaru, I. O. Usov, Y. Zhang, W. J.
Weber: Philos. Mag. Lett., 92 (2012) 49-55.
[12]Growth of higher manganese silicides from amorphous manganese-silicon layers synthesized by ion
implantation, M. Naito, R. Nakanishi, N. Machida, T. Shigematsu, M. Ishimaru, J. A. Valdez, K. E.
Sickafus: Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. B, 272 (2012) 446-449.
― 252 ―
[13]Self-elongated growth of nanopores in annealed amorphous Ta2O5 films, R. Nakamura, K. Tanaka, M.
Ishimaru, K. Sato, T. J. Konno, H. Nakajima: Scr. Mater., 66 (2012) 182-185.
[14]TEM analysis of nanovoid formation in annealed amorphous oxides, R. Nakamura, T. Shudo, M.
Ishimaru, H. Nakajima: Mater. Sci. Forum, 695 (2011) 541-544.
ᅜ㝿఍㆟
[1]Environmental transmission electron microscopy of electron-beam-induced changes of Au/TiO2
catalysts in reactant gases (oral), Y. Kuwauchi, H. Yoshida, T. Uchiyama, T. Akita, H. Kohno, S. Takeda,:
2011MRS Spring Meeting, San Francisco, USA, April 25-29, 2011.
[2]In-situ Characterization of Nanoparticle Catalysts during CVD Growth of Carbon Nanotubes by
Environmental TEM (oral), H.Yoshida, Y.Homma, S.Takeda: 2011MRS Spring Meeting, San Francisco,
USA, April 25-29, 2011.
[3]In-situ Environmental TEM Study of the Shape Change of Pt Nanoparticles Supported on CeO2 in
Gases (oral), H. Yoshida, Y. Kuwauchi, H. Kohno, S. Shimada, M. Haruta, S. Takeda: 2011MRS Spring
Meeting, San Francisco, USA, April 25-29, 2011.
[4]Structure Analysis of Nanoparticle Catalysts by Environmental Transmission Electron Microscopy
(invited), S. Takeda and H. Yoshida, Y. Kuwauchi: The 2011 International Meeting for Future of Electron
Devices, Kansai (IMFEDK2011), Osaka, Japan, May 19-20, 2011.
[5]Atomic scale observation of iron catalyzed carbon nanotube growth by environmental TEM (invited),
H. Yoshida, Y. Homma, S. Takeda: 8th International Symposium on Atomic Level Characterizations for
New Materials and Devices, Seoul, Korea, May 22-27, 2011.
[6]High resolution environmental TEM of metal nanoparticle catalysis (invited), S. Takeda, H. Yoshida:
5th Congress of the International Union of Microbeam Analysis Societies, Seoul, Korea, May 22-27,
2011.
[7]Structure of supported nanoparticle catalysts at the working condition studied by environmental
transmission electron microscopy (invited), S. Takeda, H. Yoshida and Y. Kuwauchi: Microscopy
Conference 2011, Kiel, Germany, 28 August – 02 September, 2011.
[8]Structure Changes of Au/TiO2 Catalysts in Reactant Gases Observed by Environmental Transmission
Electron Microscope (poster), Y. Kuwauchi, H. Yoshida, T. Akita and S. Takeda: 7th Handai Nanoscience
and Nanotechnology International Symposium, Osaka, Japan, November 10-11, 2011.
[9]Temperature-Dependent Shape Changes of Platinum Nanoparticles Supported on CeO2 during CO
Oxidation (poster), H. Yoshida, Y. Kuwauchi, H. Kohno, M. Haruta, S. Takeda: 7th Handai Nanoscience
and Nanotechnology International Symposium, Osaka, Japan, November 10-11, 2011.
[10]Systematic Morphology Changes of Gold Nanoparticles Supported on CeO2 during CO Oxidation
(poster), T. Uchiyama, H. Yoshida, Y. Kuwauchi, S. Ichikawa, S. Shimada, M. Haruta, S. Takeda: 7th
Handai Nanoscience and Nanotechnology International Symposium, Osaka, Japan, November 10-11,
2011.
[11]Atomic-Scale Analysis on the Role of Molybdenum in Iron-Catalyzed Carbon Nanotube Growth
(poster), H. Yoshida, S. Takeda: 7th Handai Nanoscience and Nanotechnology International Symposium,
Osaka, Japan, November 10-11, 2011.
[12]High Resolution Environmental TEMs at ISIR (poster), S. Takeda, H. Yoshida, Y. Kuwauchi and S.
Kujawa: 7th Handai Nanoscience and Nanotechnology International Symposium, Osaka, Japan,
― 253 ―
November 10-11, 2011.
[13]Operand Study of Nanoparticle Catalysts by Environmental Transmission Electron Microscopy
(invited), S. Takeda: The 15th SANKEN International Symposium, Osaka, Japan, January 12-13, 2012.
[14]Temperature-Dependent Shape Changes of Pt Nanoparticles Supported on CeO2 in Reactant Gases
(poster), H. Yoshida, Y. Kuwauchi, H. Kohno, M. Haruta, S. Takeda: The 15th SANKEN International
Symposium, Osaka, Japan, January 12-13, 2012.
[15]Operand Structural Study of Nanoparticulate Catalysts by Environmental Transmission Electron
Microscopy (oral), S. Takeda: The 2nd International Symposium on Advanced Electron Microscopy for
Catalysis and Energy Storage Materials, Berlin, Germany, February 5-8 2012.
[16]Chemical short-range order in amorphous semiconductors (invited), M. Ishimaru: European Materials
Research Society 2011 Spring Meeting, Nice, France, May 9-13, 2011.
[17]Thermoelectric properties of Cu2Ga4Te7 with defect-zincblende structure (poster), T. Plirdpring, K.
Kurosaki, A. Kosuga, M. Ishimaru, Y. Ohishi, H. Muta, S. Yamanaka: European Materials Research
Society 2011 Spring Meeting, Nice, France, May 9-13, 2011.
[18]Thermoelectric properties of the Cu-Ga-Te ternary compounds (invited), K. Kurosaki, T. Plirdpring,
A. Kosuga, M. Ishimaru, Y. Ohishi, H. Muta, S. Yamanaka: European Materials Research Society 2011
Spring Meeting, Nice, France, May 9-13, 2011.
[19]Surface and cross sectional nano-structure of prototype BPM prepared using imprinted glassy alloy
thin film (poster), N. Saidoh, K. Takenaka, N. Nishiyama, M. Ishimaru, A. Inoue: 8th International
Conference on Bulk Metallic Glasses, Hong Kong, China, May 15-19, 2011.
[20]Annealing-induced structural changes in TlInGaAsN heterostructures studied by X-ray photoelectron
spectroscopy (poster), K. M. Kim, W. B. Kim, D. Krishnamurthy, M. Ishimaru, H. Kobayashi, S.
Hasegawa, and H.Asahi: 23rd International Conference on Indium Phosphide and Related Material,
Berlin, Germany, May 22-26, 2011.
[21]Formation of nanovoids in annealed amorphous oxides (poster), R. Nakamura, T. Shudo, A. Hirata, M.
Ishimaru, H. Nakajima: 8th International Conference on Diffusion in Materials, Dijon, France, July 3-8,
2011.
[22]Radiation-induced amorphous and long-period structures in GaN (oral), M. Ishimaru: 16th
International Conference on Radiation Effects in Insulators, Beijing, China, August 14-19, 2011.
[23]Electron diffraction study on radiation-induced amorphous structures (invited), M. Ishimaru:
International Workshop on Ion Beam Applications of Functional Materials, Jinan, Shandong, China,
August 19-22, 2011.
[24]Fabrication of nanoporous oxides through annealing of amorphous oxide films (oral), R. Nakamura, T.
Shudo, M. Ishimaru, A. Hirata, H. Nakajima: 7th International Conference on Porous Metals and Metallic
Foams, Busan, Korea, September 18-21, 2011.
[25]Elastic properties of nanoporous amorphous Al2O3 (invited), M. Tane, S. Nakano, R. Nakamura, H.
Ogi, M. Ishimaru, H. Kimizuka, H. Nakajima: 7th International Conference on Porous Metals and
Metallic Foams, Busan, Korea, September 18-21, 2011.
[26]Fabrication of nanoscale junctions utilizing thin-film edges (invited), H. Kaiju, K. Kondo, M.
Ishimaru, Y. Hirotsu, A. Ishibashi: BIT’s 1st Annual World Congress of Nano-S&T, Dalian, China,
― 254 ―
October 23-26, 2011.
[27]Formation of higher manganese silicides in the amorphous manganese-silicon thin films synthesized
by ion implantation (poster), M. Naito, R. Nakanishi, N. Machida, T. Shigematsu, M. Ishimaru: 15th
International Conference on Thin Films, Kyoto, Japan, November 8-11, 2011.
ゎㄝࠊ⥲ㄝ
⎔ቃไᚚ࣭㏱㐣㟁Ꮚ㢧ᚤ㙾ἲ࡟ࡼࡿࢼࣀ⢏Ꮚゐ፹ࡢࡑࡢሙほᐹ, ➉⏣ ⢭἞ࠊྜྷ⏣ ⚽ே, ゐ፹,
ゐ፹Ꮫ఍, 53[4] (2011), 235-240.
࢔ࣔࣝࣇ࢓ࢫ㓟໬≀ࡢᵓ㐀ኚ໬࠾ࡼࡧ⤖ᬗ໬࡟క࠺ࢼࣀ࣏࣮ࣛࢫ໬, ௰ᮧ㱟௓ࠊ▼୸ Ꮫࠊᖹ⏣
⛅ᙪࠊబ⸨࿴ஂࠊከ᰿ṇ࿴ࠊྩሯ ⫕ࠊ௒㔝㇏ᙪࠊ୰ᔱⱥ㞝, ࡲ࡚ࡾ࠶, ᪥ᮏ㔠ᒓᏛ఍, 51 (2012),
95-101.
ⴭ᭩
[1]CNT ᡂ㛗ࡢ TEM ࡑࡢሙほᐹ “࣮࢝࣎ࣥࢼࣀࢳ࣮ࣗࣈ࣭ࢢࣛࣇ࢙ࣥࣁࣥࢻࣈࢵࢡ ”, ➉⏣⢭
἞ࠊྜྷ⏣⚽ே, ओࢥࣟࢼ♫, (Section 3.4) 2011.
ᅜ㝿఍㆟ࡢ⤌⧊ጤဨࠊᅜ㝿㞧ㄅࡢ⦅㞟ጤဨ
➉⏣ ⢭἞
7th Handai Nanoscience and Nanotechnology International Symposium (⤌⧊ጤဨ
㛗)
▼୸ Ꮫ
9th Polish-Japanese Joint Seminar on Micro and Nano Analysis (㢳ၥጤဨ)
▼୸ Ꮫ
The Nuclear Materials 2012 (ࢭࢵࢩࣙࣥጤဨ)
ᅜෆᏛ఍
᪥ᮏ㢧ᚤ㙾Ꮫ఍➨ 67 ᅇᏛ⾡ㅮ₇఍
1௳
1௳
᪥ᮏ≀⌮Ꮫ఍ 2011 ᖺ⛅Ꮨ኱఍
1௳
ࢽ࣮ࣗࢲ࢖ࣖࣔࣥࢻࣇ࢛࣮࣒ࣛᖹᡂ 23 ᖺᗘ➨ 2 ᅇ◊✲఍
1௳
᪥ᮏ㢧ᚤ㙾Ꮫ఍㟁㢧ᢏ⾡㛤Ⓨⱝᡭ◊✲㒊఍➨ 3 ᅇ࣮࣡ࢡࢩࣙࢵࣉ
1௳
᪥ᮏ㢧ᚤ㙾Ꮫ఍⎔ቃไᚚᆺ㟁Ꮚ㢧ᚤ㙾◊✲㒊఍➨ 2 ᅇ◊✲఍
3௳
➨ 59 ᅇᛂ⏝≀⌮Ꮫ㛵ಀ㐃ྜㅮ₇఍
3௳
᪥ᮏ≀⌮Ꮫ఍➨ 67 ᅇᖺḟ኱఍
1௳
➨ 109 ᅇゐ፹ウㄽ఍
6௳
᪥ᮏ㔠ᒓᏛ఍
ྲྀᚓᏛ఩
ಟኈ㸦ᕤᏛ㸧
Pt ࢼࣀ⢏Ꮚゐ፹ࡢ㓟໬㐣⛬ࡢ཰ᕪ⿵ṇ⎔ቃ TEM ࡑࡢሙほᐹ
⾲ ᏹᶞ
ಟኈ㸦ᕤᏛ㸧
㔠ࢼࣀ⢏Ꮚゐ፹⾲㠃࡟࠾ࡅࡿ྾╔ศᏊࡢྍど໬ࡢ᳨ウ
ᒣᮧ ோ
⛉Ꮫ◊✲㈝⿵ຓ㔠
༢఩㸸༓෇
≉ู᥎㐍◊✲
㔠ᒓࢼࣀゐ፹⢏Ꮚ࡟ࡼࡿẼయ཯ᛂ࣓࢝ࢽࢬ࣒ࡢཎᏊ࣭㟁Ꮚ
25,740
➉⏣ ⢭἞
ᵓ㐀ⓗゎᯒ
ᇶ┙◊✲㸦C㸧
⮬Ⓨⓗࢼࣀࢫࢣ࣮ࣝ┦ศ㞳࡜ࡑࢀࢆ฼⏝ࡋࡓపḟඖࢼࣀᵓ
1,170
▼୸ Ꮫ
㐀యࡢ๰〇
ཷク◊✲
▼୸ Ꮫ
⤒῭⏘ᴗ┬
」ྜ໬㔠ᒓ࢞ࣛࢫࡢᚤ⣽ᵓ㐀ゎ
2,100
ᯒ
ዡᏛᐤ㝃㔠
➉⏣ ⢭἞
᪥ᮏ࢚ࣇ࢖࣮࣭࢔࢖ᰴᘧ఍♫ ௦⾲ྲྀ⥾ᙺ ⸨஭ ༤ⱥ
500
ᰴᘧ఍♫ UBE ⛉Ꮫศᯒࢭࣥࢱ࣮ ௦⾲ྲྀ⥾ᙺ♫㛗 㝕⏣
2,000
➉⏣ ⢭἞
୍ஓ
➉⏣ ⢭἞
᫛࿴㟁ᕤᰴᘧ఍♫ ◊✲㛤Ⓨࢭࣥࢱ࣮㛗 ୰ᲄ ဴኵ
1,000
ඹྠ◊✲
▼୸ Ꮫ
ᮾ໭኱Ꮫ㔠ᒓᮦᩱ◊✲
ඛ➃ⓗ㟁Ꮚ㢧ᚤ㙾ᢏ⾡࡟ࡼࡿప
220
― 255 ―
ᡤ
ḟඖࢼࣀᵓ㐀యࡢᴟᚤᵓ㐀ゎᯒ
ࢼࣀᶵ⬟ண ◊✲ศ㔝
ཎⴭㄽᩥ
[1]Conduction-band electronic states of YbInCu4 studied by photoemission and soft x-ray absorption
spectroscopies, Y. Utsumi, H. Sato, H. Kurihara, H. Maso, K. Hiraoka, K. Kojima, K. Tobimatsu, T.
Ohkochi, S. Fujimori, Y. Takeda, Y. Saitoh, K. Mimura, S. Ueda, Y. Yamashita, H. Yoshikawa, K.
Kobayashi, T. Oguchi, K. Shimada, H. Namatame, M. Taniguchi: Physical Review B, 84 (2011)
115143/1-7.
[2]Tunable Spin Polarization in Bismuth Ultrathin Film on Si(111), A. Takayama, T. Sato, S. Souma, T.
Oguchi, T. Takahashi: Nano Letters, 12 (4) (2012) 1776-1779.
[3]Role of van der Waals interaction in crystalline ammonia borane, Kunihiko Yamauchi, Ikutaro Hamada,
Hongbin Huang, Tamio Oguchi: Applied Physics Letters, 99 (2011) 181904/1-3.
[4]Theoretical investigation of magnetoelectric effects in Ba2CoGe2O7, Kunihiko Yamauchi, Paolo
Barone, Silvia Picozzi: Physical Review B, 84 (2011) 165137/1-6.
[5]Orbital degrees of freedom as origin of magnetoelectric coupling in magnetite, Kunihiko Yamauchi,
Silvia Picozzi: Physical Review B, 85 (2012) 085131/1-5.
[6]Magnetically driven ferroelectric atomic displacements in orthorhombic YMnO3, D. Okuyama, S.
Ishiwata, Y. Takahashi, K. Yamauchi, S. Picozzi, K. Sugimoto, H. Sakai, M. Takata, R. Shimano, Y.
Taguchi, T. Arima, Y. Tokura: Physical Review B, 84 (2011) 054440/1-6.
[7]Structural study of D-boron at high pressure, H. Shirai, H. Dekura, Y. Mori, Y. Fujii, H. Hyodo, K.
Kimura: Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 80 (2011) 084601/1-13.
[8]Metallic Properties of Graphite at High Pressures, K. Shirai, N. Nakae, A. Yanase: AIP Conference
Proceedings, 1399 (2011) 763-764.
[9]Efficient method for Li doping of Į-rhombohedral boron, H. Dekura, K. Shirai, A. Yanase: Physical
Review B, 84 (2011) 094117/1-13.
[10]Raman scattering and isotopic phonon effects in dodecaborides, H Werheit, V Filipov, K Shirai, H
Dekura, U Schwarz, M Armbrüster: Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter, 23 (2011) 065403.
ᅜ㝿఍㆟
[1]Phase stability and superconductivity of boron at high pressures (oral), K. Shirai, H. Dekura: 17th Int.
Symp. Boron, Borides and Related Materias, 9/11-17 2011, Instanbul, Turkey.
[2]Superconductivity of Icosahedron-Based Semiconducting Boron (poster), K. Shirai, H. Dekura:
E-MRS 2011 Fall Meeting, September 19 - 23, 2011, Warsaw University of Technology, Poland.
[3]Material design for superconductivity on semiconducting boron (oral), K. Shirai: Quantum Simulations
and Design, International Focus Workshop, September 27 - 29, 2011, Max-Planck-Institut für Physik
komplexer Systeme, Germany.
[4]Material design for superconductivity on semiconducting boron (poster), K. Shirai, H. Dekura, N.
Uemura: The 14th Asian Workshop on First-Principles Electronic Structure Calculations, October
31-November 2, 2011, The University of Tokyo, Japan.
[5]Material design for superconductivity on semiconducting boron (poster), K. Shirai, H. Dekura, N.
― 256 ―
Uemura: New Science Created by Materials with Nano Spaces: From Fundamentals to Applications,
Sendai, Japan, November 23-36, 2011.
[6]Novel mechanisms for multiferroicity and magnetoelectric effects in transition metal oxides (invited),
K. Yamauchi: The 14th Asian Workshop on First-Principles Electronic Structure Calculations, Tokyo,
Japan, October 31-November 2, 2011.
[7]Ab-initio Theoretical Studies on Charge-Order Induced Ferroelectricity and Magnetoelectric Effects
(invited), K. Yamauchi: Electronic Ferroelectricity – ELF2012, Vietri Sul Mare, Italy, March 23, 2012.
[8]Theoretical studies on non-linear magnetoelectric effects induced by single-site spin-orbit coupling
(poster), K. Yamauchi, S. Picozzi: SPINTECH6, Matsue, Japan, August 1-5, 2011.
[9]Optical response of dye-titania systems from time-dependent density-functional theory (poster), H.
Momida, T. Ohno: 11th International Conference on Atomically Controlled Surfaces, Interfaces and
Nanostructures (ACSIN-2011), St. Petersburg, Russia, October 3-7, 2011.
ゎㄝࠊ⥲ㄝ
௒ࡉࡽẚ⇕㸽, ⓑ஭ ග㞼, ᪥ᮏ≀⌮Ꮫ఍ㄅ, ᪥ᮏ≀⌮Ꮫ఍, 66 (2011), 567-568.
ⴭ᭩
[1]➨ III 㒊➨㸳❶ᙉㄏ㟁య࣭ᅽ㟁య࡬ࡢᛂ⏝ (㉥஭ஂ⣧ࠊⓑ஭ග㞼)“ᐦᗘỗ㛵ᩘἲࡢⓎᒎ”, ᑠཱྀ
ከ⨾ኵ, ࢩࣗࣉ࣮࣭ࣜࣥ࢞ࢪࣕࣃࣥ, (275-292) 2011.
[2]⌧௦ࡢ⇕ຊᏛ “⌧௦ࡢ⇕ຊᏛ”, ⓑ஭ග㞼, ඹ❧ฟ∧, (1-309) 2011.
⛉Ꮫ◊✲㈝⿵ຓ㔠
Ꮫ⾡๰ᡂ◊✲
ᑠཱྀከ⨾ኵ
≉ᐃ㡿ᇦ◊✲
ⓑ஭ ග㞼
ཷク◊✲
ᑠཱྀ ከ⨾ኵ
ᑠཱྀ ከ⨾ኵ
ඹྠ◊✲
ⓑ஭ ග㞼
≀㉁᪂ᶵ⬟㛤Ⓨᡓ␎࡜ࡋ࡚ࡢ⢭ᐦᅛయ໬Ꮫ㸸ᶵ⬟」ྜ┦㛵
᪂≀㉁ࡢ᥈⣴࡜᪂ᶵ⬟ࡢ᥈ồ
஧༑㠃యᵓ㐀ࡢ࣍࢘⣲⣔≀㉁࡟ࡼࡿ㉸ఏᑟ᥈⣴
Ỉ⣲㈓ⶶᮦᩱඛ➃ᇶ┙◊
✲஦ᴗ㸦H22-H23㸧
JST ᡓ␎ⓗ๰㐀◊✲᥎㐍
஦ᴗ CREST
ओᐩኈ㏻◊✲ᡤ
ィ⟬⛉Ꮫⓗᡭἲ࡟ᇶ࡙ࡃỈ⣲྾
ⶶᮦᩱࡢ≉ᛶホ౯࡜࣓࢝ࢽࢬ࣒
ゎ᫂࡟㛵ࡍࡿ◊✲
␗ᖖཎᏊ౯࠾ࡼࡧ≉␗㓄఩ᵓ㐀
ࢆ᭷ࡍࡿ᪂≀㉁ࡢ᥈⣴࡜᪂ᶵ⬟
ࡢ᥈ồ㸦➨୍ཎ⌮ィ⟬࡟ࡼࡿ㟁
Ꮚ≧ែゎᯒ㸧
↓ᶵ≀⇕㟁ኚ᥮ᮦᩱ≀ᛶࡢィ⟬
᥎ᐃ
༢఩㸸༓෇
8,000
1,200
10,128
18,200
1,000
ࢯࣇࢺࢼࣀ࣐ࢸࣜ࢔ࣝ◊✲ศ㔝
ཎⴭㄽᩥ
[1]Solution-processable n-type OFET materials based on carbonyl-bridged bithiazole and
dioxocyclopentene-annelated thiophenes, M. Nitani, Y. Ie, H. Tada, Y. Aso: Chem. Asian. J., 6 (9) (2011)
2352-2361.
[2]Synthesis and properties of polymer having electronegative terthiophene pendants based on
cyclopenta[c]thiophene, Y. Ie, A. Yoshimura, S. Takeuchi, K. Osakada, Y. Aso: Chem. Lett., 40 (9) (2011)
1039-1040.
― 257 ―
[3]Electron-transporting oligothiophenes containing dicyanomethylene-substituted
cyclopenta[b]thiophene: chemical tuning for air-stability in OFETs Y. Ie, K. Nishida, M. Karakawa, H.
Tada, Y. Aso: J. Org. Chem., 76 (16) (2011) 6604-6610.
[4]The rupture of quinoidal stability in long oligothiophenes: raman spectra of dicationic polaron pairs, S.
R. González, Y. Ie, Y. Aso, J. T. L. Navarrete, J. Casado: J. Am. Chem. Soc., 113 (41) (2011)
16350-16353.
[5]Completely encapsulated oligothiophenes: synthesis, properties, and single-molecule conductance, Y.
Ie, M. Endou, S. K. Lee, R. Yamada, H. Tada, Y. Aso: Angew.Chem. Int. Ed., 50 (50) (2011)
11980-11984.
[6] Fabrication of silver nanowire transparent electrodes at room temperature, T. Tokuno, M. Nogi, M.
Karakawa, J. Jiu, T. T. Nge, Y. Aso, K. Suganuma: Nano Res., 4 (12) (2011) 1215-1222.
[7]Encapsulated oligothiophenes having electron-affinity characteristics, M. Endou, Y. Ie, Y. Aso: Chem.
Commun., 48 (4) (2012) 540-542.
[8]A spin-carrying naphthalenediimide derivative with azobenzene unit, M. Nakagawa, H. Akutsu, J.
Yamada, M. Karakawa, Y. Aso, S. Fall, T. Heiser, S. Nakatsuji: Chem. Lett., 41 (2) (2012) 175-177.
ᅜ㝿఍㆟
[1]Novel fulleropyrrolidine derivatives for organic photovoltaic cells (poster), M. Karakawa, T. Nagai, Y.
Ie, Y. Aso: The 15th SANKEN International Symposium 2012, Osaka, Japan, January 12-13, 2011.
[2]Functionalized oligothiophene molecular wires and tripodal anchoring groups for molecular
electronics (plenary), Y. Aso: 14th International Symposium on Novel Aromatic Compounds (ISNA-14),
Eugene, Oregon USA, July 24-29, 2011.
[3]Synthesis, structure, properties, and single-molecule conductance of completely encapsulated
oligothiophenes (poster), Y. Ie, M. Endou, S. K. Lee, R. Yamada, H. Tada, Y. Aso: 14th International
Symposium on Novel Aromatic Compounds (ISNA-14), Eugene, Oregon USA, July 24-29, 2011.
[4]Synthesis, properties, and n-type OFET performances of electronegative ʌ-conjugated systems
containing dicyanomethylene-substituted cyclopenta[b]thiophene (poster), Y. Ie, K. Nishida, M.
Karakawa, Y. Aso: 10th International Symposium on Functional p-Electron Systems (Fpi10), Beijing,
China, Oct 13-17, 2011.
[5]Organic photovoltaic properties of novel PCBM analogous (poster), M. Karakawa, T. Nagai, Y. Ie, Y.
Aso: 10th International Symposium on Functional p-Electron Systems (Fpi10), Beijing, China, Oct 13-17,
2011.
[6]Synthesis, properties, and photovoltaic performances ofcopolymers containing
difluorodioxocyclopentene-annelated thiophene or naphtho[2,3-c]thiophene-4,9-dione (oral), Y. Ie, J.
Huang, M. Karakawa, Y. Aso: 21st International Photovoltaic Science and Engineering Conference
(PVSEC-21), Fukuoka, Japan, November 28- December 2, 2011.
[7]Synthesis and properties of polythiophenes bearing oligothiophene side chains for organic electronics
materials (poster), M. Karakawa, Y. Ie, Y. Aso: 7th Handai Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
International Symposium, Osaka, Japan, Nov 10-11, 2011.
[8]Development of conjugated oligomers containing carbonyl-bridged bithiazole for solution-processable
n-type organic field-effect transistors (poster), M. Nitani, Y. Ie, Y. Aso: 7th Handai Nanoscience and
Nanotechnology International Symposium, Osaka, Japan, Nov 10-11, 2011.
― 258 ―
[9]Novel fullerene derivatives including PCBM analogous for organic photovoltaic cells (poster), M.
Karakawa, T. Nagai, Y. Ie, Y. Aso: The 3th International Symposium on Emergence of Highly Elaborated
ʌ–space and Its Function, 2011, Tsukuba, Japan, Nov 10-11, 2011.
[10]Development of conjugated oligomers based on carbonyl-bridged bithiazole for solution-processable
n-type organic field-effect transistors (poster), M. Nitani, Y. Ie, Y. Aso: The 3th International Symposium
on Emergence of Highly Elaborated ʌ–space and Its Function, 2011, Tsukuba, Japan, Nov 10-11, 2011.
[11]Completely encapsulated oligothiophenes: synthesis, structure, properties, and single-molecule
conductance (invited), Y. Ie: China-Japan Joint Symposium on Current and Future Molecular Electronics,
Nanjing, China, October 25, 2011.
ゎㄝࠊ⥲ㄝ
㟁Ꮚồᘬᛶᇶࡢᯫᶫᵓ㐀ࢆᣢࡘ ʌ 㟁Ꮚ⣔ࡢ㛤Ⓨ࡜ n ᆺ᭷ᶵ㟁⏺ຠᯝࢺࣛࣥࢪࢫࢱ࡬ࡢᛂ⏝ ⏝,
ᐙ ⿱㝯, ᭷ᶵྜᡂ໬Ꮫ༠఍ㄅ, ᭷ᶵྜᡂ໬Ꮫ༠఍, 70 (2012), 24-35.
ⴭ᭩
[1]᭷ᶵ࢚ࣞࢡࢺࣟࢽࢡࢫᮦᩱࡢ✀㢮࡜≉ᚩ (Ⳣ἟ඞ᫛)“ࣉࣜࣥࢸࢵࢻ࢚ࣞࢡࢺࣟࢽࢡࢫࡢࡍ࡭
࡚”, ᐙ ⿱㝯, ᪥ᮏᕤᴗฟ∧, (50-54) 2012.
⛉Ꮫ◊✲㈝⿵ຓ㔠
ᇶ┙◊✲㸦㸿㸧 ⢭⦓タィࢼࣀඹᙺศᏊ࣡࢖ࣖࡢ๰〇࡟ᇶ࡙ࡃศᏊࢹࣂ࢖ࢫ
Ᏻ⸽ ⰾ㞝
㛤Ⓨ
᪂Ꮫ⾡㡿ᇦ◊✲ ᣑᙇ ʌ 㟁Ꮚඹᙺ⣔ࡢ๰〇࡟ᇶ࡙ࡃ㧗ḟ ʌ ✵㛫ࡢᶵ⬟࡜࢚ࣞ
Ᏻ⸽ ⰾ㞝
ࢡࢺࣟࢽࢡࢫᛂ⏝
ⱝᡭ◊✲㸦B㸧
ࣇ࣮ࣛࣞࣥ௦᭰ࢆᣦྥࡋࡓ㸱ḟඖᵓ㐀ࢆ≉ᚩ࡜ࡍࡿ㟁Ꮚཷ
ᐙ ⿱㝯
ᐜᛶᮦᩱࡢ๰〇
ⱝᡭ◊✲㸦B㸧
᭷ᶵ༙ᑟయࡢ㹮ᆺ࣭㹬ᆺᴟᛶ࡜ᮎ➃ศᏊᵓ㐀ࡢ┦㛵
㎞ᕝ ㄔ
◊✲άືࢫࢱ࣮ ࢺࣛࣥࢪࢫࢱ࡟ᛂ⏝ྍ⬟࡞᪂つ㹬ᆺ༙ᑟయ࣏࣐࣮ࣜࡢ㛤Ⓨ
ࢺᨭ᥼
஧㇂ ┿ྖ
᪂Ꮫ⾡㡿ᇦ◊✲ 㧗ḟ ʌ ✵㛫ࡢ๰Ⓨ࡜ᶵ⬟㛤Ⓨ
Ᏻ⸽ ⰾ㞝
ཷク◊✲
ᐙ ⿱㝯
ᡓ␎ⓗ๰㐀◊✲᥎㐍஦
᭷ᶵⷧ⭷⣔ኴ㝧㟁ụ࡟ᛂ⏝ྍ⬟
ᴗ ࡉࡁࡀࡅ
࡞ n ᆺ༙ᑟయᮦᩱࡢ㛤Ⓨ
ᐙ ⿱㝯
◊✲ᡂᯝᒎ㛤஦ᴗ ◊
పᒅᢡᮦᩱ࡬ࡢᛂ⏝࡟ྥࡅࡓศ
✲ᡂᯝ᭱㐺ᒎ㛤ᨭ᥼ࣉ
ᒱᆺࣃ࣮ࣇࣝ࢜ࣟ࢔ࣝ࢟ࣝ໬ྜ
ࣟࢢ࣒ࣛ ᳨⣴ࢱ࢖ࣉ
≀ࡢ๰ฟ
(㸿-㹑㹒㹃㹎)
ዡᏛᐤ㝃㔠
ᐙ ⿱㝯
㈈ᅋἲேᒾ㇂┤἞グᛕ㈈ᅋ
ඹྠ◊✲
Ᏻ⸽ ⰾ㞝
ࢲ࢖࢟ࣥᕤᴗओ
᭷ᶵⷧ⭷ኴ㝧㟁ụ⏝᭷ᶵ༙ᑟయ
ࡢ㛤Ⓨ
Ᏻ⸽ ⰾ㞝
ఫ཭໬Ꮫओ
᭷ᶵ࢚ࣞࢡࢺࣟࢽࢡࢫᮦᩱࡢ㛤
Ⓨ
༢఩㸸༓෇
10,660
5,850
1,820
1,950
1,690
6,370
18,980
1,700
2,000
2,750
1,012
ࣂ࢖࢜ࢼࣀࢸࢡࣀࣟࢪ࣮◊✲ศ㔝
ཎⴭㄽᩥ
[1]Single-molecule sensing electrode embedded in-plane nanopore, M. Tsutsui, S. Rahong, Y. Iizumi, T.
― 259 ―
Okazaki, M. Taniguchi, T. Kawai: Scientific Reports, 1 (Article number:46) (2011) 1-6.
[2]Molecular Rotation in Self-Assembled Multidecker Porphyrin Complexes, H.Tanaka, T.Ikeda,
M.Takeuchi, K.Sada, S.Shinkai, T.Kawai: ACS NANO, 5 (12) (2011) 9575-9582.
[3]Direct Manipulation of a Single Potassium Channel Gate with an Atomic Force Microscope Probe,
M.Kitta, T.Ide, M.Hirano, H.Tanaka, T.Yanagida, T.Kawai: SMALL, 7 (16) (2011) 2379-2383.
[4]Dependence of Single-Molecule Conductance on Molecule Junction Symmetry, M.Taniguchi,
M.Tustsui, R.Mogi, T.Sugawara, Y.Tsuji, K.Yoshizawa, T.Kawai: Journal of the American Chemical
Society, 133 (30) (2011) 11426-11429.
[5]Imaging of Transverse Electron Transfer through a DNA Molecule by Simultaneous Scanning
Tunneling and Frequency-Modulation Atomic Force Microscopy, Y.Maeda, T.Matsumoto, T.Kawai: Acs
Nano, 5 (4) (2011) 3141-3145.
[6]Unsymmetrical hot electron heating in quasi-ballistic nanocontacts, M.Tsutsui, T.Kawai, M.Taniguchi:
Scientific Reports, 2 (Article number:217) (2012) 1-7.
[7]Development of Microfabricated TiO2 Channel Waveguides, M.Furuhashi, M.Fujiwara, T.Ohshiro,
M.Tustsui, K.Matsubara, M.Taniguchi, S.Takeuchi, T.Kawai: AIP Advances, 1 (3) (2011) 032102(1-5).
[8]Gate Manipulation of DNA Capture into Nanopores, Y.He, M.Tustsui, C.Fan, M.Taniguchi, T.Kawai:
ACS Nano, 5 (10) (2011) 8391-8397.
[9]Controlling DNA Translocation through Gate Modulation of Nanopore Wall Surface Charges, Y.He,
M.Tustsui, C.Fan, M.Taniguchi, T.Kawai: ACS NANO, 5 (7) (2011) 5509-5518.
[10]Electrical Detection of Single Methylcytosines in a DNA Oligomer, M.Tustsui, K.Matsubara,
T.Ohshiro, M.Furuhashi, M.Taniguchi, T.Kawai: Journal of the American Chemical Society, 133 (23)
(2011) 9124-9128.
ᅜ㝿఍㆟
[1]Heat dissipation in a current-carrying quasiballistic atom-sized contact (poster), M. Tsutsui, M.
Taniguchi, T. Kawai: The 15th SANKEN International Symposium 2012.
[2]In-plane gating nanopore for single-molecule electrical DNA sequencing (poster), M. Tsutsui, R.
Sakon, M. Taniguchi, T. Kawai: 7th Handai Nanoscience and Nanotechnology International Symposium.
[3]Electrode-embedded in-plane nanopore for electrical DNA sequencing (poster), M. Tsutsui, R. Sakon,
Y. He, M. Taniguchi, T. Kawai: International Symposium on Innovative Nanobiodevices.
[4]Development of Gating Nanopores for Next-Next DNA Sequencing using Mechanically Controllable
Break-Junctions (invited), M. Taniguchi: ASME-JSME-KSME Jpint Fluids Engineering Conference
2011.
[5]Fabrication Method of Plastic Micropores for Artificial Lipid Bilayer Formation (poster), H. Tanaka:
19th International Colloquium on Scanning Probe Microscopy (ICSPM19)(➨ 25 ᅇ ≉ู◊✲఍ࠕ㉮ᰝ
ᆺࣉ࣮ࣟࣈ㢧ᚤ㙾ࠖ).
[6]Molecular Rotation in Self-Assembled Multidecker Porphyrin Complexes (poster), H. Tanaka: 19th
International Colloquium on Scanning Probe Microscopy (ICSPM19)(➨ 25 ᅇ ≉ู◊✲఍ࠕ㉮ᰝᆺࣉ
࣮ࣟࣈ㢧ᚤ㙾ࠖ).
― 260 ―
[7]Partial Sequencing of a Single DNA Molecule with a Scanning Tunnelling Microscope (invited), H.
Tanaka: Osaka University – RUG symposium entitled "Bio-inspired Materials and Functionalities",June
22, 2011 in Groningen.
[8]Single Molecule Electrical Sequencing of DNA and RNA (poster), M. Taniguchi: International
Symposium on Nanobiotechnology meets Holonic Commuication,23-24 March,2012,Nagoya University.
[9]Single-Molecule Electrical Sequencing Technology (poster), M. Taniguchi: The 15th SANKEN
International Symposium 2012, The 10th SANKEN Nanotechnology Symposium.
[10]Third-Generation DNA Sequencing Technology Using Single-Molecule Analysis (invited), M.
Taniguchi: China-japan Joint Symposium on Current and Future Molecular Electronics,24-25
October,2011,Beijing.
ゎㄝࠊ⥲ㄝ
⡆౽࡞Ᏻᐃ໬⬡㉁஧ศᏊ⭷ࣉࣛࢵࢺࣇ࢛࣮࣒ࡢ㛤Ⓨ࡜ࡑࡢᛂ⏝, ⏣୰ ⿱⾜, ⾲㠃⛉Ꮫ, ᪥ᮏ⾲
㠃⛉Ꮫ఍, 32[7] (2011), 445-450.
≉チ
[1]ࠕ㟁⏺ࢆ⏝࠸ࡓ⾲㠃㟁Ⲵไᚚ࡟ࡼࡿ㸯ศᏊ⏕యศᏊࡢ㏿ᗘไᚚ࡜ࡑࡢࢹࣂ࢖ࢫ〇㐀᪉ἲࠖ㇂
ཱྀṇ㍤ࠊ⟄஭┿ᴋࠊᕝྜ▱஧, ≉㢪 2012-17325
[2]ࠕ1 ⢏Ꮚゎᯒ⿦⨨ཬࡧゎᯒ᪉ἲࠖ㇂ཱྀṇ㍤ࠊᮏ㒓⚞ேࠊ⟄஭┿ᴋࠊᕝྜ▱஧, JP2012-056372
ᅜ㝿఍㆟ࡢ⤌⧊ጤဨࠊᅜ㝿㞧ㄅࡢ⦅㞟ጤဨ
㇂ཱྀ ṇ㍤
Japanese Journal of Applied Physics (⦅㞟ጤဨ)
ᅜෆᏛ఍
➨ 72 ᅇᛂ⏝≀⌮Ꮫ఍Ꮫ⾡ㅮ₇఍
➨ 59 ᅇᛂ⏝≀⌮Ꮫ㛵ಀ㐃ྜㅮ₇఍
᪥ᮏ໬Ꮫ఍➨ 92 ᅇ᫓Ꮨᖺ఍
JST ࡉࡁࡀࡅࠕ⏺㠃ࡢᵓ㐀࡜ไᚚࠖ◊✲㡿ᇦබ㛤ࢩ࣏ࣥࢪ࣒࢘ ⏺㠃⛉Ꮫࡢࣇ
ࣟࣥࢸ࢕࢔ 㹼ィ ࣭ࢹࣂ࢖ࢫ࣭⏕య⏺㠃ࡢศ㔝ᶓ᩿࡜᪂ᒎ㛤㹼
SCE2011 ➨ 31 ᅇ࢟ࣕࣆ࣮ࣛࣜ㟁ẼὋືࢩ࣏ࣥࢪ࣒࢘ in TSURUOKA
➨ 60 ᅇ㧗ศᏊウㄽ఍
⛉Ꮫ◊✲㈝⿵ຓ㔠
ⱝᡭ◊✲㸦A㸧 ࢤ࣮ࢸ࢕ࣥࢢࢼࣀ࣏࢔࡟ࡼࡿ༢ศᏊὶືไᚚᢏ⾡ࡢ㛤Ⓨ
㇂ཱྀ ṇ㍤
ᣮᡓⓗⴌⱆ◊✲ ගࢤ࣮ࢸ࢕ࣥࢢࢼࣀ࣏࢔ࡢ㛤Ⓨ
㇂ཱྀ ṇ㍤
ⱝᡭ◊✲㸦B㸧
㟼㟁ᛂຊ㥑ືᆺ༢ศᏊࢫ࢖ࢵࢳࡢ๰〇
⟄஭ ┿ᴋ
ཷク◊✲
⏣୰ ⿱⾜
㸦⊂㸧⛉Ꮫᢏ⾡᣺⯆ᶵᵓ ༢୍ศᏊ DNA ࡢࢼࣀ࣏࢔ࢩ࣮ࢡ
࢚ࣥࢩࣥࢢ
ዡᏛᐤ㝃㔠
㇂ཱྀ ṇ㍤
✄┒㈈ᅋ
1௳
1௳
3௳
1௳
1௳
1௳
༢఩㸸༓෇
14,430
3,770
780
2,964
1,000
⎔ቃ࣭࢚ࢿࣝࢠ࣮ࢼࣀᛂ⏝ศ㔝
ཎⴭㄽᩥ
[1]Direct Measurement of the Out-of-Plane Spin Texture in the Dirac-Cone Surface State of a Topological
Insulator, S. Souma, K. Kosaka, T. Sato, M. Komatsu, A. Takayama, T. Takahashi, M. Kriener, K. Segawa,
and Y. Ando: Physical Review Letters, 106 (21) (2011) 216803/1-4.
― 261 ―
[2]Anisotropies in the optical ac and dc conductivities in lightly doped La2-xSrxCuo4: the role of deep and
shallow acceptor states, M. B. Silva Neto, G. Blumberg, A. Gozar, S. Komiya, and Y. Ando: Journal of
Physics: Condenced Matter, 23 (21) (2011) 215602/1-9.
[3]Observation of Dirac Holes and Electrons in a Topological Insulator, A. A. Taskin, Z. Ren, S. Sasaki, K.
Segawa, and Y. Ando: Physical Review Letters, 107 (1) (2011) 016801/1-4.
[4]Berry phase of nonideal Dirac fermions in topological insulators, A. A. Taskin, and Y. Ando: Physical
Review B, 84 (3) (2011) 035301/1-6.
[5]Extracting the dynamical effective interaction and competing order from an analysis of Raman spectra
of the high-temperature La2-xSrxCuO4 superconductor, S. Caprara, C. Di Castro, B. Muschler, W. Presterl, R.
Hackl, M. Lambacher, A. Erb, S. Komiya, Y. Ando, and M. Grilli: Physical Review B, 84 (5) (2011)
054508/1-10.
[6]Electrochemical synthesis and superconducting phase diagram of CuxBi2Se3, M. Kriener, K. Segawa, Z.
Ren, S. Sasaki, S. Wada, S. Kuwabata, and Y. ando: Physical Review B, 84 (5) (2011) 054513/1-5.
[7]Observations of two-dimensional quantum oscillations and ambipolar transport in the topological
insulator Bi2Se3 achieved by Cd doping, Z. Ren, A. A. Taskin, S. Sasaki, K. Segawa, and Y. Ando:
Physical Review B, 84 (7) (2011) 075316/1-6.
[8]Optimizing Bi2-xSbxTe3-ySey solid solutions to approach the intrinsic topological insulator regime, Z.
Ren, A. A. Taskin, S. Sasaki, K. Segawa, and Y. Ando: Physical Review B, 84 (16) (2011) 165311/1-6.
[9]Synthesis of Oxosumanenes through Benzylic Oxidation, T. Amaya, M. Hifumi, M. Okada, Y. Shimizu,
T. Moriuchi, K. Segawa, Y. ando, and T. Hirao: The Journal of Organic Chemistry, 76 (19) (2011)
8049-8052.
[10]Pair breaking versus symmetry breaking: Origin of the Raman modes in superconducting cuprates, N.
Munnikes, B. Muschler, F. Venturini, L. Tassini, W. Prestel, S. Ono, Y. Ando, D. C. Peets, W. N. Hardy, R.
Liang, D. A. Bonn, A. Damascelli, H. Eisaki, M. Greven, A. Erb, and R. Hackl: Physical Review B, 84
(14) (2011) 144523/1-13.
[11]Unexpected mass acquisition of Dirac fermions at the quantum phase transition of a topological
insulator, T. Sato, K. Segawa, K. Kosaka, S. Souma, K. Nakayama, K. Eto, T. Minami, Y. Ando, and T.
Takahashi: Nature Physics, 7 (8) (2011) 840-844.
[12]Topological Superconductivity in CuxBi2Se3, S. Sasaki, M. Kriener, K. Segawa, K. Yada, Y. Tanaka,
M. Sato, and Y. Ando: Physical Review Letters, 107 (21) (2011) 217001/1-5.
[13]Investigation of particle-hole asymmetry in the cuprates via electronic Raman scattering, B. Moritz, S.
Johnston, T. P. Devereaux, B. Muschler, W. Prestel, R. Hackl, M. Lambacher, A. Erb, S. Komiya, and Y.
Ando: Physical Review B, 84 (23) (2011) 235114/1-12.
[14]Topological transition in Bi1-xSbx studied as a function of Sb doping, F. Nakamura, Y. Kousa, A. A.
Taskin, Y. Takeich, A. Nishide, A. Kakizaki, M. D'Angelo, P. Lefevre, F. Bertran, A. Taleb-Ibrahimi, F.
Komori, S. Kimura, H. Kondo, Y. Ando, and I. Matsuda: Physical Review B, 84 (23) (2011) 235308/1-8.
[15]An extended infrared study of the p, T phase diagram of the p-doped Cu-O plane, D. Nicoletti, P. Di
Pietro, O. Limaj, P. Calvani, U. Schade, S. Ono, Y. Ando, and S. Lupi: New Journal of Physics, 13 (2011)
123009/1-26.
― 262 ―
[16]Additional Evidence for the Surface Origin of the Peculiar Angular-Dependent Magnetoresistance
Oscillations Discovered in a Topological Insulator Bi1-xSbx, A. A. Taskin, K. Segawa, and Y. Ando:
Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 334 (2011) 012012/1-5.
[17]Tunable Dirac cone in the topological insulator Bi2-xSbxTe3-ySey, T. Arakane, T. Sato, S. Souma, K.
Kosaka, K. Nakayama, M. Komatsu, T. Takahashi, Z. Ren, K. Segawa, and Y. Ando: Nature
Communications, 3 (2012) 636/1-5.
[18]Topological Surface States in Lead-Based Ternary Telluride Pb(Bi1-xSbx)2Te4, S. Souma, K. Eto, M.
Nomura, K. Nakayama, T. Sato, T. Takahashi, K. Segawa, and Y. Ando: Physical Review Letters, 108 (11)
(2012) 116801/1-5.
ᅜ㝿఍㆟
[1]Materials-Oriented Research of Topological Insulators and Superconductors (invited), Y. Ando: LT26
Satellite Conference on Topological Insulators and Superconductors, Tsinghua University, Beijing, China,
August 18-21, 2011.
[2]Cutting-Edge Experiments on Topological Insulator and Superconductors (invited), Y. Ando:
International Workshop on Novel Quantum State in Condensed Matter; Correlation, Frustration and
Topology, Ukawa Institute, Kyoto University, Japan, November 18, 2011.
[3]Materials-Oriented Research of Topological Insulators and Superconductors (invited), Y. Ando: 2011
MRS Fall Meeting, Boston, U.S.A., November 28-December 2, 2011.
[4]Probing the Exotic Surface States in Topological Insulators and Superconductors (invited), Y. Ando:
FITST-QS2C Workshop on Emergent Phenomena of Correlated Materials, Okinawa, Japan, December
12-15, 2011.
[5]Transport Studies of Topological Insulators and Superconductors (invited), Y. Ando: American
Physical Society March Meeting, Boston, U.S.A., February 27-March 2, 2012.
[6]Optical conductivity of exfoliated Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8+ǔ nanocrystals (oral), L. Sandilands, V. Baydina, A.
Su, A. Reijnders, T. Pedersen, F. Borondics, G. Gu, S. Ono, Y. Ando, K. Burch: American Physical
Society March Meeting, Boston, U.S.A., February 27-March 2, 2012.
[7]Transport properties of new Pb-based Topological Insulators (oral), K. Eto, S. Sasaki, K. Segawa, Y.
Ando: American Physical Society March Meeting, Boston, U.S.A., February 27- March 2, 2012.
[8]Recent ARPES study on extremely underdoped LSCO system (oral), Y. He, M. Hashimoto, S. K. Mo,
R. He, Y. Ando, S. Komiya, Z. X. Shen: American Physical Society March Meeting, Boston, U.S.A.,
February 27- March 2, 2012.
[9]Physical properties of bulk-superconducting CuxBi2Se3 (oral), K. Segawa, M. Kriener, Z. Ren, S.
Sasaki, and Y. Ando: Gordon Research Conference on Superconductivity, Waterville valley resort, U.S.A.
June 6-10, 2011.
[10]Physical properties of bulk-superconducting CuxBi2Se3 (poster), K. Segawa, M. Kriener, Z. Ren, S.
Sasaki, and Y. Ando: 26㹲㹦 International Conference on Low Temperature Physics, Beijing, China,
August 11-17, 2011.
[11]Physical properties of bulk-superconducting CuxBi2Se3 (invited), K. Segawa: 24th International
Symposium on Superconductivity, Tokyo, Japan, October 24-26, 2011.
[12]Physical properties of bulk-superconducting CuxBi2Se3 (invited), K. Segawa: International Workshop
― 263 ―
for Young Researchers on Topological Quantum Phenomena in Condensed Matter with Broken
Symmetries, Shiga, Japan, November 2-5, 2011.
[13]Physical properties of bulk-superconducting CuxBi2Se3 (poster), K. Segawa, M. Kriener, Z. Ren, S.
Sasaki, and Y. Ando: FITST-QS2C Workshop on Emergent Phenomena of Correlated Materials, Okinawa,
Japan, December 12-15, 2011.
[14]Synthesis and Characterization of New Topological Insulators (invited), K. Segawa: American
Physical Society March Meeting, Boston, U.S.A., February 28, 2012.
[15]Point-contact spectroscopy of CuxBi2Se3 (poster), S. Sasaki, M. Kriener, K. Segawa, K. Yada, Y.
Tanaka, M. Sato, Y. Ando: International Workshop for Young Researchers on Topological Quantum
Phenomena in Condensed Matter with Broken Symmetries, Shiga, Japan, November 2, 2011.
[16]Magnetotransport studies of Dirac Fermions in Topological Insulators (invited), A. Taskin, Z. Ren, S.
Sasaki, K. Segawa, and Y. Ando: IOP Workshop on Frontiers of Dirac Electron Systems, Hefei, China,
January 4-5, 2012.
[17]About the Superconductivity in CuxBi2Se3 (poster), M. Kriener, K. Segawa, Z. Ren, S. Sasaki, S.
Wada, and Y. Ando: International Workshop for Young Researchers on Topological Quantum Phenomena
in Condensed Matter with Broken Symmetries, Shiga, Japan, November 2, 2011.
[18]The Superconducting Phase in CuxBi2Se3 (oral), M. Kriener: Japan-Finland March Meeting for the
future in thermoelectrics, Nagoya University, Japan, March 14, 2012.
[19]Experimental Attempts to Observe Spin-Polarized Transport Properties of the Surface States of a
Highly Bulk-Insulating Topological Insulator (poster), K. Eto, S. Sasaki, K. Segawa, Y. Ando: 7th Handai
Nanoscience and Nanotechnology International Symposium.
[20]Experimental Attempts to Observe Spin-Polarized Transport Properties of the Surface States of a
Highly Bulk-Insulating Topological Insulator (poster), K. Eto, S. Sasaki, K. Segawa, Y. Ando:
International Workshop for Young Researchers on Topological Quantum Phenomena in Condensed
Matter with Broken Symmetries, Shiga, Japan, November 2, 2011.
ゎㄝࠊ⥲ㄝ
ࢺ࣏ࣟࢪ࢝ࣝ⤯⦕యࡢ㟁Ꮚ㍺㏦⌧㇟, Ᏻ⸨ 㝧୍, ⾲㠃⛉Ꮫ, ᪥ᮏ⾲㠃⛉Ꮫ఍, 32[4] (2011),
189-195.
ࢺ࣏ࣟࢪ࢝ࣝ⤯⦕య㔞Ꮚ┦㌿⛣㏆ഐ࡟࠾ࡅࡿࢹ࢕ࣛࢵࢡ㟁Ꮚࡢ㉁㔞⋓ᚓ, బ⸨ Ᏹྐࠊ℩ᕝ ⪔
ྖࠊ㧗ᶫ 㝯ࠊᏳ⸨ 㝧୍, ᪥ᮏ≀⌮Ꮫ఍ㄅ, ᪥ᮏ≀⌮Ꮫ఍, 67[3] (2012), 184-187.
ᅜ㝿఍㆟ࡢ⤌⧊ጤဨࠊᅜ㝿㞧ㄅࡢ⦅㞟ጤဨ
Ᏻ⸨ 㝧୍
Materials & Mechanisms of Superconductivity Conference (M2S 2012) (ᅜ㝿࢔ࢻ
ࣂ࢖ࢨ࣮ࣜጤဨ)
Ᏻ⸨ 㝧୍
International Conference on Topological Quantum Phenomena (ࣉࣟࢢ࣒ࣛጤဨ)
Ᏻ⸨ 㝧୍
Europhysics Letters (EPL) (ඹྠ⦅㞟⪅)
ᅜෆᏛ఍
ISSP ࣮࣡ࢡࢩࣙࢵࣉ ࠕࢺ࣏ࣟࢪ࢝ࣝ⤯⦕యࡢ⾲㠃㟁Ꮚ≧ែࠖ
1௳
14 ௳
᪥ᮏ≀⌮Ꮫ఍ 2011 ᖺ⛅Ꮨ኱఍
2௳
᪂Ꮫ⾡㡿ᇦ◊✲ࠕᑐ⛠ᛶࡢ◚ࢀࡓจ⦰⣔࡟࠾ࡅࡿࢺ࣏ࣟࢪ࢝ࣝ㔞Ꮚ⌧㇟ࠖ ➨
㸰ᅇ㡿ᇦ◊✲఍
᪥ᮏ≀⌮Ꮫ఍ ➨ 67 ᅇᖺḟ኱఍
7௳
1௳
➨஧ᅇ⾲㠃⛉Ꮫⱝᡭ◊✲఍
― 264 ―
⛉Ꮫ◊✲㈝⿵ຓ㔠
᭱ඛ➃࣭ḟୡ௦ ࢺ࣏ࣟࢪ࢝ࣝ⤯⦕య࡟ࡼࡿ㠉᪂ⓗࢹࣂ࢖ࢫࡢ๰ฟ
◊✲㛤Ⓨᨭ᥼ࣉ
ࣟࢢ࣒ࣛ
Ᏻ⸨ 㝧୍
ⱝᡭ◊✲㸦B㸧
୧ᴟࢻ࣮ࣉྍ⬟࡞㧗 ㉸ఏᑟ㖡㓟໬≀࡟ࡼࡿࣔࢵࢺ⤯⦕
℩ᕝ ⪔ྖ
య㏆ഐ࡜㟁Ꮚࢻ࣮ࣉᇦࡢ≀ᛶ◊✲
᪂Ꮫ⾡㡿ᇦ◊✲ ✵㛫཯㌿ᑐ⛠ᛶࢆ◚ࡿ㟁Ꮚὶయࡢ᪂ወ⌧㇟
℩ᕝ ⪔ྖ
≉ู◊✲ဨዡບ ࣃ࢖ࢡࣟ࢔ᆺ㓟໬≀ࢺ࣏ࣟࢪ࢝ࣝ⤯⦕యೃ⿵≀㉁ࡢ☢Ẽ
㈝
㍺㏦≉ᛶ ᐃ࡟ࡼࡿ◊✲
Ụ⸨ ᩘ㤿
ዡᏛᐤ㝃㔠
Ᏻ⸨ 㝧୍
࢔ࢪ࢔Ᏹᐂ⯟✵◊✲㛤Ⓨ஦ົᡤ 㸦⡿㌷⛉Ꮫᢏ⾡ᒁ㸧
༢఩㸸༓෇
113,342
2,210
13,130
700
40,278
ࢼࣀ▱⬟ࢩࢫࢸ࣒ศ㔝
ཎⴭㄽᩥ
[1]DirectLiNGAM: A Direct Method for Learning a Linear Non-Gaussian Structural Equation Model, S.
Shimizu, T. Inazumi, Y. Sogawa, A. Hyvärinen, Y. Kawahara, T. Washio, P. O. Hoyer and K. Bollen:
Journal of Machine Learning Research, 12 (2011) 1225-1248.
[2]Analyzing relationships among ARMA processes based on non-Gaussianity of external influences, Y.
Kawahara, S. Shimizu and T. Washio: Neurocomputing, 74 (12-13) (2011) 2212-2221.
[3]Estimating Exogenous Variables in Data with More Variables than Observations, Y. Sogawa, S.
Shimizu, T. Shimamura, A. Hyvarinen, T. Washio and S. Imoto: Neural Networks, 24 (8) (2011) 875-880.
[4]ḟඖ๐ῶ࡜ࢡࣛࢫࢱࣜࣥࢢ࡟ࡼࡿᏱᐂᶵࢸ࣓ࣞࢺࣜ┘どἲ, ▮ධ೺ஂ, ஝⛱, Ἑཎྜྷఙ, 㧗⏣
᪼: ᪥ᮏ⯟✵ᏱᐂᏛ఍ㄽᩥ㞟, 59 (691) (2011) 197-205.
[5]ᒁᡤ⥺ᙧࣔࢹࣝࡢ࢔ࣛ࢖࣓ࣥࣥࢺ࡟ࡼࡿ㠀⥺ᙧືⓗࢩࢫࢸ࣒ࡢᏛ⩦ἲ, ୖ⏥ᫀ㑻, Ἑཎྜྷఙ,
▮ධ೺ஂ: ேᕤ▱⬟Ꮫ఍ㄽᩥㄅ, 26 (6) (2011) 638-648.
ᅜ㝿఍㆟
[1]Discovering Causal Structures in Binary Exclusive-or Skew Acyclic Models, Takanori Inazumi,
Takashi Washio, Shohei Shimizu, Joe Suzuki, Akihiro Yamamoto and Yoshinobu Kawahara: Proc. of
UAI2011: The 27th Conference on Uncertainty in Artificial Intelligence, (2011) 373-382.
[2]Common Substructure Learning of Multiple Graphical Gaussian Models, Satoshi Hara and Takashi
Washio: Proc. ofECML-PKDD2011: European Conference on Machine Learning and Principle and
Practice of Knowledge Discovery in Databases 2011, Lecture Notes in Computer Science: Springer
LNCS, 6912 (2) (2011) 1-16.
[3]Prismatic Algorithm for Discrete D.C. Programming Problem, Yoshinobu Kawahara and Takashi
Washio: Proc. of NIPS2011: Twenty-Fifth Annual Conference on Neural Information Processing Systems,
(2011) 2106-2114.
[4]Density Estimation based on Mass, K. Ming Ting, T. Washio, J. Wells and T. Liu: Proc. of ICDM2011:
The IEEE International Conference on Data Mining 2011, (2011) 715-724.
[5]Size-constrained submodular minimization through minimum norm base, K. Nagano, Y. Kawahara and
K. Aihara: Proceedings of the 28th International Conference on Machine Learning (ICML'11), (2011)
977-984.
― 265 ―
[6]A Framework for Shopping Path Research (oral), K. Yada, T. Washio and H. Koga: Workshop on Data
Mining Marketing, SIAM: SIAM Conference on Data Mining (SDM11).
[7]Application of DNA Sequence Alignment Algorithm to Classification of Shopping Paths through a
Supermarket (oral), K. Ichikawa, E.. Ip, K. Yada and T. Washio: Workshop on Data Mining Marketing,
SIAM: SIAM Conference on Data Mining (SDM11).
[8]A New Approach to Bayesian Estimation over the Curse of Dimensionality (invited), T. Washio:
AI-2011 Thirty-first SGAI International Conference on Artificial Intelligence, Workshop on
MachineLearning and Intelligent Autonomous Systems.
[9]Analysis of Residence Time in Shopping using RFID Data -An Application of the Kernel density
estimation to RFID- (oral), S. Miyazaki, T. Washio and K. Yada: Working note of DMS2011: Workshop
on Data Minig For Service:The IEEE International Conference on Data Mining series (ICDM2011).
ゎㄝࠊ⥲ㄝ
᝟ሗ⇿Ⓨ᫬௦ࡢ㧗ḟඖࢹ࣮ࢱ࣐࢖ࢽࣥࢢ, 㮖ᑿ 㝯, 㟁Ꮚ᝟ሗ㏻ಙᏛ఍ㄅ, 㟁Ꮚ᝟ሗ㏻ಙᏛ఍,
94[8] (2011), 679-683.
㢖ฟࣃࢱ࣮࣐ࣥ࢖ࢽࣥࢢࡢࢢࣛࣇ⣔ิ࡬ࡢ㐺⏝, ⊦ཱྀ ᫂༤, ேᕤ▱⬟Ꮫ఍ㄅ, ࣮࣒࢜♫, 27[3]
(2012), 120-127.
≉チ
[1]ࠕከḟඖࢹ࣮ࢱྍど໬⿦⨨ࠊ᪉ἲ࠾ࡼࡧࣉࣟࢢ࣒ࣛࠖ᳃Ọ⪽ࠊἙཎྜྷఙࠊఀ⸨㈗அࠊ㒯㞼⌔ࠊ
ᮎᯇࡣࡿ࠿, ≉㢪 2012022112
[2]ࠕุูࣔࢹࣝᏛ⩦⿦⨨ࠊุูࣔࢹࣝᏛ⩦᪉ἲ࠾ࡼࡧุูࣔࢹࣝᏛ⩦ࣉࣟࢢ࣒ࣛࠖ᳃Ọ⪽ࠊ⸨
ᕳ㑈ᖹࠊἙཎྜྷఙ, 61/596,313
[3]ࠕ᭱㐺ࢡ࢚ࣜ⏕ᡂ⿦⨨ࠊ᭱㐺ࢡ࢚ࣜᢳฟ᪉ἲ࠾ࡼࡧุูࣔࢹࣝᏛ⩦᪉ἲࠖ᳃Ọ⪽ࠊ⸨ᕳ㑈ᖹࠊ
Ἑཎྜྷఙ, 61/596,317
ᅜ㝿఍㆟ࡢ⤌⧊ጤဨࠊᅜ㝿㞧ㄅࡢ⦅㞟ጤဨ
㮖ᑿ 㝯
Journal of Data Mining and Knowledge Discovery (⦅㞟ဨ)
㮖ᑿ 㝯
Asian Conference on Machine Learning (ACML) (⌮஦)
㮖ᑿ 㝯
Pacific-Asia Conference on Knowledge Discovery and Data Mining (PAKDD) (⌮஦)
The 16th Pacific-Asia Conference on Knowledge Discovery and Data Mining
㮖ᑿ 㝯
(PAKDD2012) (࣮࣡ࢡࢩࣙࢵࣉጤဨ㛗)
㮖ᑿ 㝯
2011 International Workshop on Learning and data Mining for Robotics (LEMIR
2011), Program Committee Member (ࣉࣟࢢ࣒ࣛጤဨ)
㮖ᑿ 㝯
The 21st International Conference on Inductive Logic Programming (ILP 2011㸧
(ࣉࣟࢢ࣒ࣛጤဨ)
㮖ᑿ 㝯
㹒he 15th Pacific-Asia Conference on Knowledge Discovery and Data Mining
(PAKDD 2011) (ࣉࣟࢢ࣒ࣛጤဨ)
㮖ᑿ 㝯
IEEE International Workshop on Data Mining for Service (DMS2011) (ࣉࣟࢢ࣒ࣛ
ጤဨ)
㮖ᑿ 㝯
Second Workshop on Algorithms for Large-Scale Information Processing in
Knowledge Discovery (ALSIP 2011)) (ࣉࣟࢢ࣒ࣛጤဨ)
㮖ᑿ 㝯
Statistical Analysis and Data Mining (SAM) (ࢤࢫࢺ⦅㞟⪅)
㮖ᑿ 㝯
The 18th ACM SIGKDD Knowledge Discovery and Data Mining ( KDD 2012) (ࣉ
ࣟࢢ࣒ࣛጤဨ)
㮖ᑿ 㝯
The 21st ACM International Conference on Information and Knowledge Management
(CIKM 2012) (ࣉࣟࢢ࣒ࣛጤဨ)
― 266 ―
㮖ᑿ 㝯
⊦ཱྀ ᫂༤
⊦ཱྀ ᫂༤
⊦ཱྀ ᫂༤
⊦ཱྀ ᫂༤
⊦ཱྀ ᫂༤
⊦ཱྀ ᫂༤
⊦ཱྀ ᫂༤
⊦ཱྀ ᫂༤
⊦ཱྀ ᫂༤
⊦ཱྀ ᫂༤
⊦ཱྀ ᫂༤
⊦ཱྀ ᫂༤
⊦ཱྀ ᫂༤
ICDM 2012 IEEE International Conference on Data Mining (ࣉࣟࢢ࣒ࣛጤဨ)
The 15th Pacific-Asia Conference on Knowledge Discovery and Data Mining (ࣉࣟ
ࢢ࣒ࣛጤဨ)
2011 SIAM International Conference on Data Mining (ࣉࣟࢢ࣒ࣛጤဨ)
IADIS European Conference on Data Mining (ECDM'11) (ࣉࣟࢢ࣒ࣛጤဨ)
International Workshop on Data Oriented Constructive Mining and Massively
Multi-Agent System: Simulations, Models, and Tools (ࣉࣟࢢ࣒ࣛጤဨ)
2012 International Conference on Pattern Recognition Applications and Methods (ࣉ
ࣟࢢ࣒ࣛጤဨ)
The First International Conference on Social Eco-Informatics (ࣉࣟࢢ࣒ࣛጤဨ)
International Conference on Social Computing and its Applications (SCA 2011) (ࣉࣟ
ࢢ࣒ࣛጤဨ)
The 3rd Asian Conference on Machine Learning (ࣉࣟࢢ࣒ࣛጤဨ)
The 7th International Conference on Advanced Data Mining and Applications (ࣉࣟ
ࢢ࣒ࣛጤဨ)
The 16th Pacific-Asia Conference on Knowledge Discovery and Data Mining (ࣉࣟ
ࢢ࣒ࣛጤဨ)
The 10th IEEE International Symposium on Parallel and Distributed Processing with
Applications (ࣉࣟࢢ࣒ࣛ๪ጤဨ㛗)
IADIS European Conference on Data Mining (ECDM'12) (ࣉࣟࢢ࣒ࣛጤဨ)
The 8th International Conference on Advanced Data Mining and Applications (ࣉࣟ
ࢢ࣒ࣛጤဨ)
International Journal of Applied Evolutionary Computation (⦅㞟ᰝㄞጤဨ)
⊦ཱྀ ᫂༤
ᅜෆᏛ఍
➨ 3 ᅇࢹ࣮ࢱᕤᏛ࡜᝟ሗ࣐ࢿࢪ࣓ࣥࢺ࡟㛵ࡍࡿࣇ࢛࣮࣒ࣛ㸦DEIM㸧
2011 ᖺᗘ ேᕤ▱⬟Ꮫ఍඲ᅜ኱఍㸦➨ 25 ᅇ㸧
ேᕤ▱⬟Ꮫ఍➨ 93 ᅇ ▱㆑࣮࣋ࢫࢩࢫࢸ࣒◊✲఍ (SIG-KBS)
᝟ሗㄽⓗᏛ⩦⌮ㄽ࡜ᶵᲔᏛ⩦(IBISML2011)
➨㸶㸱ᅇேᕤ▱⬟Ꮫ఍ᇶᮏၥ㢟◊✲఍(SIG-FPAI)
ᖹᡂ㸰㸲ᖺ㟁ẼᏛ఍඲ᅜ኱఍
➨ 23 ᅇ RAMP ࢩ࣏ࣥࢪ࣒࢘
ேᕤ▱⬟Ꮫ఍ ࢹ࣮ࢱᣦྥᵓᡂ࣐࢖ࢽࣥࢢ࡜ࢩ࣑࣮ࣗࣞࢩࣙࣥ◊✲఍
➨ 2 ᅇ Latent Dynamics ࣮࣡ࢡࢩࣙࢵࣉ
⏕యᩘ⌮࣭♫఍ᩘ⌮ࡢ⤫ィ⛉Ꮫ
᝟ሗ⤫ィຊᏛࡢ᭱๓⥺࣮᝟ሗ࡜ᦂࡽࡂࡢไᚚࡢ≀⌮Ꮫࢆ┠ᣦࡋ࡚࣮
ྲྀᚓᏛ఩
Ꮫኈ㸦ᕤᏛ㸧
ࣁ࢖ࣃ࣮ࢢࣛࣇ⣔ิ࠿ࡽࡢ㢖ฟࣃࢱ࣮ࣥิᣲ࡟㛵ࡍࡿ◊✲
ఀ⸨ ඖ㑻
Ꮫኈ㸦ᕤᏛ㸧
஘ᢥ࢔ࣝࢦࣜࢬ࣒ࡢ≉ᚩ㑅ᢥ࡬ࡢᛂ⏝࡟㛵ࡍࡿ◊✲
ᮡᮏ ࿴ṇ
ಟኈ㸦ᕤᏛ㸧
ࣈ࣮ࣝ௦ᩘࣔࢹࣝ࡟ࡼࡿ஧್ࢹ࣮ࢱࡢᅉᯝᵓ㐀᥎ᐃ
✄✚ Ꮥ⣖
ಟኈ㸦ᕤᏛ㸧
ຎࣔࢪࣗࣛ᭱㐺໬࡟ᇶ࡙࠸ࡓࢢࣛࣇ⣔ิࡢࢡࣛࢫࢱࣜࣥࢢ
ᓊᮏ ༟ஓ
ಟኈ㸦ᕤᏛ㸧
᮲௳௜ࡁศᏊᵓ㐀ኚ໬ࢩ࣑࣮ࣗࣞࢩࣙࣥࡢᇶ♏ᡭἲ࡟㛵ࡍࡿ◊✲
ᯇ⏣ ⾗἞
ಟኈ㸦ᕤᏛ㸧
ṇ๎໬Ꮫ⩦ࡢ࣐࣮ࢣࢵࢺၥ㢟࡬ࡢ㐺⏝࡟㛵ࡍࡿ◊✲
ี ወ᫈
ಟኈ㸦ᕤᏛ㸧
ࡣࡎࢀ್࡟㡹೺࡞⥺ᙧ㠀࢞࢘ࢫ㠀ᕠᅇࣔࢹࣝ᥎ᐃἲࡢ◊✲
ᮤ ⣚ᖹ
⛉Ꮫ◊✲㈝⿵ຓ㔠
ᇶ┙◊✲㸦B㸧
㮖ᑿ 㝯
㉸㧗ḟඖࢹ࣮ࢱ࡟㛵ࡍࡿ⤫ィⓗ᥎ᐃཎ⌮☜❧࡜኱つᶍࢹ࣮
ࢱ࣐࢖ࢽࣥࢢ࡬ࡢ㐺⏝
― 267 ―
1௳
7௳
1௳
6௳
1௳
1௳
1௳
1௳
1௳
1௳
1௳
༢఩㸸༓෇
6,500
ⱝᡭ◊✲㸦A㸧
⊦ཱྀ ᫂༤
ⱝᡭ◊✲㸦B㸧
ΎỈ ᫀᖹ
ⱝᡭ◊✲㸦B㸧
Ἑཎ ྜྷఙ
ཷク◊✲
㮖ᑿ 㝯
⊦ཱྀ ᫂༤
Ἑཎ ྜྷఙ
⾲ᵓ㐀ࡢ␗࡞ࡿ」ᩘࡢ᫬༊㛫ᒚṔࢹ࣮ࢱ࠿ࡽࡢ᫬⣔ิศᯒ
ከḟඖࢹ࣮ࢱ࣮࣋ࢫࡢᵓ⠏ᡭἲ
ಙ㢗ᛶࢆ㔜どࡋࡓ኱つᶍኚᩘḟඖᑠᶆᮏᅉᯝࢿࢵࢺ࣮࣡ࢡ
᥎ᐃἲࡢ㛤Ⓨ
㞳ᩓᵓ㐀ࢆ฼⏝ࡋࡓ㉸㧗ḟඖࢹ࣮ࢱゎᯒἲ࡜ࡑࡢᛂ⏝
H23 ᖺᗘᚠ⎔ჾ⑓◊✲㛤
Ⓨ㈝
ᡓ␎ⓗ๰㐀◊✲᥎㐍஦
ᴗ ࡉࡁࡀࡅ
ᡓ␎ⓗ๰㐀◊✲᥎㐍஦
ᴗ ࡉࡁࡀࡅ
ዡᏛᐤ㝃㔠
㮖ᑿ 㝯
㮖ᑿ 㝯
ඹྠ◊✲
㮖ᑿ 㝯
㸦⊂㸧⛉Ꮫᢏ⾡᣺⯆ᶵᵓ
㮖ᑿ 㝯
᪥ᮏ㟁ಙ㟁ヰओ
Ἑཎ ྜྷఙ
᪥ᮏ㟁Ẽओ
5,720
1,040
910
㧗ᗘ᥎ィ⌮ㄽࡢᐇ㊶
኱つᶍࢢࣛࣇ⣔ิ࠿ࡽࡢ▱㆑య
⣔໬࡜⌮ゎᨭ᥼ᡭἲࡢ㛤Ⓨ
⤌ྜࡏㄽⓗィ⟬࡟ᇶ࡙ࡃ㉸㧗ḟ
ඖࢹ࣮ࢱ࠿ࡽࡢ▱㆑Ⓨぢ
ᰴᘧ఍♫ᐩኈ㏻◊✲ᡤ
࢔ࢪ࢔Ᏹᐂ⯟✵◊✲㛤Ⓨ஦ົᡤ 㸦⡿㌷⛉Ꮫᢏ⾡ᒁ㸧
⤫ィ࣭ࢹ࣮ࢱ࣐࢖ࢽࣥࢢศ㔝࡟
࠾ࡅࡿ㞳ᩓᵓ㐀ฎ⌮ᛂ⏝ྍ⬟ᛶ
ࡢホ౯᳨࣭ド
኱つᶍࢿࢵࢺ࣮࣡ࢡ࡟࠾ࡅࡿᅉ
ᯝ㛵ಀ᥎ᐃࡢ◊✲
‽⮬ື࣐࢖ࢽࣥࢢࣉࣟࢭࢫ᭱㐺
໬ࡢࡓࡵ⬟ືᏛ⩦ᢏ⾡
500
8,515
17,550
1,000
11,147
1,080
2,970
1,575
ࢼࣀ་⒪ᛂ⏝ࢹࣂ࢖ࢫศ㔝
ཎⴭㄽᩥ
[1]Ligand-Assisted Complex of Two DNA Hairpin Loops, C. Hong, M. Hagihara, K. Nakatani: Angew.
Chem. Int. Ed., 50 (2011) 4390-4390.
[2]Molecular-Glue-Triggered DNA Assembly to Form a Robust and Photoresponsive Nano-Network, C.
Wang, F. Pu, Y. Lin, J. Ren, C. Dohno, K. Nakatani, X. Qu: Chem. Eur. J., 17 (2011) 8189-8197.
[3]Control of DNA hybridization by photoswitchable molecular glue, C. Dohno, K. Nakatani: Chem. Soc.
Rev., 40 (2011) 5718-5729.
[4]Interstrand Cross-Link for Discrimination of Methylated Cytosines, C. Dohno, T. Shibata, K. Nakatani:
Chem. Lett., 40 (2011) 852-854.
[5]Small Molecule Modulates Hairpin Structures in CAG Trinucleotide Repeats, M. Hagihara, H. He, K.
Nakatani: ChemBioChem., 12 (2011) 1686-1689.
[6]Tandem Arrays of TEMPO and Nitronyl Nitroxide Radicals with Designed Arrangements on DNA, H.
Atsumi, K. Maekawa, D. Nakazawa, D. Shiomi, K. Sato, M. Kitagawa, T. Takui, K. Nakatani: Chem. Eur.
J., 18 (2012) 178-183.
[7]Naphthyridine tetramer with a preorganized structure for 1:1 binding to a CGG/CGG sequence, C.
Dohno, I. Kohyama, C. Hong, K. Nakatani: Nucleic. Acids. Res., 40 (2012) 2771-2781.
[8]Chemoselective cyclization of unprotected linear peptides by Į-ketoacid–hydroxylamine
amide-ligation, T. Fukuzumi, L. Ju, J. W. Bode: Org. Biomol. Chem., 10 (2012) accepted.
[9]A Small Molecule Regulates Hairpin Structures in d(CGG) Trinucleotide Repeats, M. Hagihara, H. He,
M. Kimura, K. Nakatani: Biorg. Med. Chem. Lett., 22 (2012) 2000-2003.
― 268 ―
ᅜ㝿఍㆟
[1]Development of tetrameric naphthyridine derivatives for DNA and RNA containig a GG-mismatch
(poster), I. Kohyama, C. Dohno, C. Hong, K. Nakatani: XVth Symposium on Chemistry of Nucleic
Acid Components, Czech Republic, 2011, Jun. 5-10.
[2]Photoswitchable molecular glue for hybridization of nucleic acids. (poster), C. Dohno, S. Uno, K.
Nakatani: XVth Symposium on Chemistry of Nucleic Acid Components, Czech Republic, 2011, Jun.
5-10.
[3]Antisense-Induced G-Quadruplex Structures Interfere with Reverse Transcription by HIV-1 Reverse
Transcriptase (poster), M. Hagihara, K. Nakatani: RNA 2011, the 16th Annual Meeting of the RNA
Society, Japan, 2011, Jun. 14-18.
[4]Development of a method for detecting small molecule-miRNA interactions (poster), A. Murata, Y.
Harada, T. Fukuzumi, S. Umemoto, S. Im, M. Hagihara, K. Nakatani: RNA 2011, the 16th Annual
Meeting of the RNA Society, Japan, 2011, Jun. 14-18.
[5]Periodic electron spin arrays on DNA duplex (poster), H. Atsumi, K. Maekawa, S. Nakazawa, D.
Shiomi, K. Sato, M. Kitagawa, T. Takui, K. Nakatani: ISAC2011, UK, 2011, Jul. 26-29.
[6]Synthesis of dimeric naphthyridine derivatives connected at the 7 position (poster), M. Toda, H. He, K.
Nakatani: Sixth Cambridge Symposium on Nucleic Acids Chemistry and Biology, UK, 2011, Sep. 4-7.
[7]Synthesis of DNA containing hydrophobic region and its interaction with lipid bilayer membrane
(poster), S. Makishi, T. Shibata, M. Okazaki, C. Dohno, K. Nakatani: Sixth Cambridge Symposium on
Nucleic Acids Chemistry and Biology, UK, 2011, Sep. 4-7.
[8]Factors determining the binding of small molecules to the single nucleotide bulge in double stranded
DNA and RNA (poster), T. Otabe, J. Zhang, K. Nakatani: Sixth Cambridge Symposium on Nucleic Acids
Chemistry and Biology, UK, 2011, Sep. 4-7.
[9]Ligand-assisted complex of two DNA hairpin loops (poster), C. Hong: FIBER international
Symposium, Japan, Nov. 6-8.
[10]Synthesis of hydrophobic DNA and its localization on lipid bilayer membrane surface (poster), S.
Makishi: FIBER international Symposium, Japan, Nov. 6-8.
[11]Naphthyridine tetramer functions as a molecular glue for DNA and RNA (poster), C. Dohno, I.
Kohyama, K. Nakatani: The 38th International symposium on Nucleic acids chemistry 2011, Japan, 2011,
Nov. 9-11.
[12]Synthesis of hydrophobic DNA interacting with liposome (poster), T. Shibata, S. Makishi, C. Dohno,
K. Nakatani: The 38th International symposium on Nucleic acids chemistry 2011, Japan, 2011, Nov. 9-11.
[13]Localization of hydrophobic DNA on lipid bilayer membrane surface (poster), S. Makishi, T. Shibata,
M. Okazaki, C. Dohno, K. Nakatani: The 38th International symposium on Nucleic acids chemistry 2011,
Japan, 2011, Nov. 9-11.
[14]Evaluation of Xanthone and Thioxanthone Derivatives as Fluorescent Displacement Assay
Indicator Based on Their Structure-Binding Studies to RNA (poster), S. Umemoto, S. Im, J. Zhang, M.
Hagihara, A. Murata, Y. Harada, T. Fukuzumi, T. Wazaki, S. Sasaoka, K. Nakatani: The 38th International
symposium on Nucleic acids chemistry 2011, Japan, 2011, Nov. 9-11.
― 269 ―
[15]Binding of the ligand to the (CGG)n in the RNA hairpin loop (poster), C. Hong, M. Hagihara, K.
Nakatani: The 38th International symposium on Nucleic acids chemistry 2011, Japan, 2011, Nov. 9-11.
[16]Electron spin arrays on DNA nanostructures (oral), H. Atsumi, K. Maekawa, S. Nakazawa, D. Shiomi,
K. Sato, M. Kitagawa, T. Takui, K. Nakatani: The 38th International symposium on Nucleic acids
chemistry 2011, Japan, 2011, Nov. 9-11.
[17]Ligand-Assisted Assembly and Functionalization of DNA Nanostructure (oral), K. Nakatani, C.
Dohno, H. Atsumi: International Symposium on Innovative Nanobiodevices (ISIN2012), Japan, 2012,
Mar. 21-22.
[18]Design and synthesis of RNA binding ligand for regulating gene expression (poster), C. Dohno, I.
Kohyama, K. Nakatani: 243rd American Chemical Society National Meeting, USA, 2012, Mar. 25-28.
[19]Fluorescence-based binding assay of hydrophobic DNA to the lipid bilayer membrane (poster), T.
Shibata, S. Makishi, C. Dohno, K. Nakatani: 243rd American Chemical Society National Meeting, USA,
2012, Mar. 25-28.
[20]Controlling DNA Hybridization and Assembly by Small Organic Molecules (invited), K. Nakatani:
Bioinspired Materials and Functionalities, The Netherlands, 2011. Jun. 21-22.
[21]Ligand Inducible Fluorescencne: Tools for Ligand Discovery and PCR Monitoring (invited), K.
Nakatani: 12th Conference on Methods and Application of Fluorescece Spectroscopy, France, Sep. 11-14.
[22]Controlling DNA and RNA Assembly by Small Organic Molecules (invited), K. Nakatani: The 15th
Korea-Japan Seminar on Organic Synthesis, Korea, 2011, Sep. 30-Oct. 3.
[23]Ligand-Assisted Complex of Two DNA and RNA Hairpin Loops (invited), K. Nakatani: Asian 3
Round Table on Nucleic Acids 2011 China, Oct. 14-16.
[24]Small Molecules binding to DNA and RNA; Design and Application (invited), K. Nakatani: Seminor
at Hubei University, China, 2011. Oct. 14.
ゎㄝࠊ⥲ㄝ
໬Ꮫ, Ṋ஭ ྐᜨࠊ୰㇂ ࿴ᙪ, ໬Ꮫ, ໬Ꮫྠே, 66[22] (2011), 74-75.
㌍ືࡍࡿ୰ᅜ࡜㡑ᅜ, ୰㇂ ࿴ᙪ, ໬Ꮫ, ໬Ꮫྠே, 67[4] (2012), 47-49.
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࢔ࣥࢳࢭࣥࢫ࣭㑇ఏᏊ࣭ࢹࣜࣂ࣮ࣜࢩ࣏ࣥࢪ࣒࢘ 2011
➨㸳ᅇࣂ࢖࢜㛵㐃ྜྠࢩ࣏ࣥࢪ࣒࢘
The Uehara Memorial Foundation Symposium 2011
➨ 34 ᅇศᏊ⏕≀Ꮫ఍
SEST 2011 ➨ 50 ᅇ㟁Ꮚࢫࣆࣥࢧ࢖࢚ࣥࢫᏛ఍ᖺ఍
᪥ᮏ໬Ꮫ఍➨ 92 ᫓Ꮨᖺ఍(2012)
ྲྀᚓᏛ఩
༤ኈ㸦⌮Ꮫ㸧
Electron Spin Arrays with Designed Arrangements on the DNA Nanostructures
ཌぢ ᐂᚿ
༤ኈ㸦⌮Ꮫ㸧
Studies on the methods to evaluate interaction of RNA with small molecules
― 270 ―
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Studies on Regulation of the RNA Secondary Structures by Using Small Organic
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CGG/CGG 㓄ิࢆᶆⓗ࡜ࡍࡿ᪂つ⤖ྜࣜ࢞ࣥࢻࡢ㛤Ⓨ࡜ᶵ⬟Ⓨ⌧ไᚚ࡬ࡢᛂ
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᪂つࢺ࢚ࣜࢳࢽ࣓ࣝࢱࣥㄏᑟయࡢྜᡂ࡜≀ᛶࠊRNA ࣂࣝࢪᵓ㐀࡟⤖ྜࡍࡿศ
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17,290
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2,470
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18,525
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㜰኱」ྜᶵ⬟ࢼࣀࣇ࢓࢘ࣥࢲࣜ
ཎⴭㄽᩥ
[1]Fabrication of robust PbLa(Zr,Ti)O3 capacitor structures using insulating oxide encapsulation layers
for FeRAM integration, T. Saito, T. Tsuji, K. Izumi, Y. Hirota, N. Okamoto, K. Kondo, T. Yoshimura, N.
Fujimura, A. Kitajima, A. Oshima: Electronics Letters, 47 (2011) 486-489.
[2]Development of Function-graded Proton Exchange Membrane for PEFC Using Heavy Ion Beam
Irradiation, F. Shiraki, T. Yoshikawa, A. Oshima, Y. Oshima, Y. Takasawa, N. Fukutake, T. G. Oyama, T.
Urakawa, H. Fujita, T. Takahashi, T. Oka, H. Kudo, T. Murakami, Y. Hama, M. Washio: Nucl. Instr. and
Meth. B, 269 (2011) 1777-1781.
[3]Study on Positive-Negative Inversion of Chlorinated Resist Materials, T. G. Oyama, A. Oshima, H.
Yamamoto, S. Tagawa, M. Washio: Applied Physics Express, 4 (2011) 076501-1-3.
[4]Nanofabrication of Sulfonated Polystyrene-g-FEP with Silver Ion (Ag+) using Ion Beam Direct
Etching and Reduction, H. Tsubokura, A. Oshima, T. G. Oyama, H. Yamamoto, T. Murakami, S. Tagawa,
Masakazu Washio: J. Photopolym. Sci. Technol., 24 (5) (2011) 513-516.
― 271 ―
[5]Electron beam lithography using high-sensitive negative type of plant-based resist material derived
from biomass on hardmask layer, S. Takei, A. Oshima, A. Sekiguchi, N. Yanamori, M. Kashiwakura, T.
Kozawa, S. Tagawa: Applied Physics Express, 4 (2011) 106502-1-3.
[6]Generation of Spin in Bipolar Conductors, M. Sakai, T. Sakuraba, Z. Honda, S. Hasegawa, A. Kitajima,
K. Higuchi, A. Oshima, O. Nakamura: Jpn. J. Appl. Phys., 5 (2011) 103002-1-9.
[7]Evaluation of resist sensitivity in extreme ultraviolet/soft x-ray region for next-generation lithography,
Tomoko Gowa Oyama, Akihiro Oshima, Masakazu Washio, Seiichi Tagawa: AIP Advances, 1 (2011)
042153-1-5.
[8]Micro- / Nano-fabrication of Crosslinked Poly(L-lactic acid) Using EB-nanoimprint Lithography,
Satoshi Okubo, Naotsugu Nagasawa, Akinobu Kobayashi, Tomoko Gowa Oyama, Mitsumasa Taguchi,
Akihiro Oshima, Seiichi Tagawa, Masakazu Washio: Applied Physics Express, 5 (2012) 027303-1-3.
[9]Electron-Beam-Induced Decomposition Mechanisms of High-Sensitivity Chlorinated Resist ZEP520A,
Tomoko Gowa Oyama , Kazuyuki Enomoto, Yuji Hosaka, Akihiro Oshima, Masakazu Washio, Seiichi
Tagawa: Applied Physics Express, 5 (21012) 036501-1-3.
[10]Negative Magnetoresistance Generated by Combination of Spin–Orbit Interaction and Applied
Magnetic Field, M.Sakai, D.Kodama, T.Sakuraba, Z.Honda, S.Hasegawa, A.Kitajima, A.Oshima,
K.Higuchi, O.Nakamura: Jpn. J. Appl. Phys., 51 (2012) 023001-1-7.
[11]Nano- and Micro-fabrications of Polystyrene Having Atactic and Syndiotactic Structures using
Focused Ion Beams Lithography, A.Oshima, S.Okubo, T. G.Oyama, M.Washio, S.Tagawa: Radiat. Phys.
Chem., 81 (2012) 584-588.
ᅜ㝿఍㆟
[1]Nanofabrication of Sulfonated Polystyrene-g-FEP with Silver Ion (Ag+) using Ion Beam Direct
Etching and Reduction (invited), H. Tsubokura, A. Oshima, T. G. Oyama, H. Yamamoto, T. Murakami, S.
Tagawa, Masakazu Washio: 28th International Conference of Photopolymer Science and Technology
(ICPST-27).
[2]Nano-/Micro-Fabrication of Crosslinked PTFE using EB Nanoimprint Lithography (poster), A.
Kobayashi, S. Okubo, H. Tsubokura,T. Takahashi, T. G. Oyama, A. Oshima, S. Tagawa M.Washio:
RadTech Asia-2011.
[3]Study on Reduction of Metal Ions in Functionalized Poly (tetrafluoroethylene-co-hexafluoropropylene)
by Ion Beam Irradiation (poster), H. Tsubokura, H. Fujita, T. Takahashi, T. G. Oyama, H. Yamamoto, T.
Murakami, A. Oshima, S. Tagawa, M. Washio: RadTech Asia-2011.
[4]Micro-fabrication of Biodegradable Polymers Using Focused Ion Beams (poster), S.Okubo,
T.Takahashi, T. Gowa, N.Nagasawa, M.Taguchi, A.Oshima, S.Tagawa, M.Washio: RadTech Asia-2011.
[5]Positive-Negative Inversion of ZEP Resists Induced by High Dose EB Irradiation (poster),
T.G.Oyama , H.Tsubokura , H.Yamamoto, A.Oshima , S.Tagawa, M.Washio: RadTech Asia-2011.
[6]EB-Nanoimprint Lithography Using Crosslinked PTFE Molds (oral), A. Oshima, T. Takahashi, T. G.
Oyama, T. Miura, M. Washio, S. Tagawa: RadTech Asia-2011.
[7]X-ray Imaging with Resist Materials for Elemental Mapping (poster), T.G.Oyama, A.Oshima,
S.Tagawa, M.Washio: 14th International Congress of Radiation Research (ICRR-2011).
[8]Nano- /Micro-Fabrication of Polymeric Materials using Focused Ion Beams (oral), M. Washio, S.
― 272 ―
Tagawa, A. Oshima, T. Gowa Oyama, S. Okubo, H. Tsubokura, T. Takahashi: 14th International Congress
of Radiation Research (ICRR-2011).
[9]Nano- and Micro-fabrications of Polystyrene Having Atactic and Syndiotactic Structures using Ion
Beam lithography (poster), A. Oshima, S. Okubo, T. G. Oyama, M. Washio, S. Tagawa: 37th International
Conference on Micro and Nano Engineering (MNE2011).
[10]Electron and Ion Beam Fabrication Using Positive-Negative Inversion of Chlorinated Resist
Materials (poster), T.G.Oyama, H.Tsubokura, A.Oshima, S.Tagawa, M.Washio: 37th International
Conference on Micro and Nano Engineering (MNE2011).
[11]Micro-/Nano-fabrication of Crosslinked Poly(Lllactic acid) Using Electron Beam Nanoimprint
Lithography (poster), S.Okubo, A.Kobayashi, T.Gowa, N.Nagasawa, M.Taguchi, A.Oshima, S.Tagawa,
M.Washio: 37th International Conference on Micro and Nano Engineering (MNE2011).
[12]Characterization of Proton Exchange Membranes for PEFC Prepared by Heavy Ion Beam (poster), T.
Yoshikawa, R.Tsuchida, S. Hiraiwa, T. Murakami, A. Oshima, Y. Hama, M. Washio: 12th Pacific
Polymer Conference (PPC-12).
[13]Study on functionally graded PEMs fabricated by EB irradiation for direct methanol fuel cell (poster),
R.Tsuchida, S.Hiraiwa, T.Yoshikawa, H.Fujita, T.Tatsumi,A.Oshima, M.Washio: 12th Pacific Polymer
Conference (PPC-12).
[14]Development of Functionally Gradient Thin PEMs based on Cross-linked PTFE (poster), S.Hiraiwa,
R.Tsuchida, H.Fujita, T.Yoshikawa, A.Oshima, M.Washio: 12th Pacific Polymer Conference (PPC-12).
[15]Evaluation of Al-doped ZnO top electrodes for PbLaZrTiOx capacitors. (poster), T.Tsuji, Y.Takada,
N.Okamoto, T.Saito, K.Kondo, T.Yoshimura, N.Fujimura, A.Kitajima, A.Oshima: 2011 MRS Fall
Meeting.
[16]Micro-Fabrication of Crosslinked Poly (tetrafluoroethylene) Using EB Nanoimprint
Lithography (poster), A. Kobayashi, A. Oshima, S. Tagawa and M. Washio: TSRP-2012.
[17]Study on Fabrication of Functionalized Polymer with Patterned Nano-scale Silver Metal using
Radiation Reduction Technique (poster), H. Tsubokura, R. Tsuchida, T. Tatsumi, T. G. Oyama, T.
Murakami, A. Oshima, S. Tagawa, M. Washio: 33rd Australasian Polymer Symposium.
[18]10nm Resolution Electron Beam Lithography at 30keV Acceleration Voltage Using Hydrogen
Silsesquioxane (HSQ) as a Negatibe Resist (poster), C.Q.Dine, A.Kitajima, A. Oshima, S.Tagawa: 7th
Handai Nanoscience and Nanotechnology International Symposium.
[19]Characterization of Thin Yttrium Film Surfaces with Annealing (poster), A.Kitajima, Cong Que Dine,
A. Oshima, S.Hasegawa: 7th Handai Nanoscience and Nanotechnology International Symposium.
ᅜෆᏛ఍
ᛂ⏝≀⌮Ꮫ఍
᪥ᮏ໬ᏛᕤᏛ఍
᪥ᮏᨺᑕ⥺໬Ꮫ఍
᪥ᮏ໬Ꮫ఍
᪥ᮏ࢔࢖ࢯࢺ࣮ࣉ༠఍
㟁Ẽ໬Ꮫ఍ 㟁ụᢏ⾡ጤဨ఍
᪥ᮏ≀⌮Ꮫ఍
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2௳
3௳
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1௳
― 273 ―
⛉Ꮫ◊✲㈝⿵ຓ㔠
ⱝᡭ◊✲(A)
኱ᓥ ᫂༤
㔞Ꮚࣅ࣮࣒ࢆ⏝࠸ࡓ㧗࢔ࢫ࣌ࢡࢺ࣐ࣝࢳࢼࣀ࢔ࣞ࢖࢚ࣞࢡ
ࢺࣟࢵࢻࡢస〇
༢఩㸸༓෇
2,340
⥲ྜゎᯒࢭࣥࢱ࣮
ཎⴭㄽᩥ
[1]The Diels-Alder reaction of C60 and cyclopentadiene in mesoporous silica as a reaction medium, S.
Minakata, T. Nagamachi, K. Nakayama, T. Suzuki and T. Tanaka: Chem. Commun., 47 (2011)
6338-6340.
ᅜ㝿఍㆟
[1]Ir catalyzed oxidative desymmetrization of diols (invited), T. Suzuki: 2nd Annual World Congress of
Catalytic Asymmetric Synthesis (WCCAS-2011), August 9-11, 2011,Beijing, China.
[2]Oxidative Desymmetrization of Diols by Iridium Catalysts (poster), T. SuzukiࠊD. ZhouࠊK. Asanoࠊ
H. Sasai: AIMECS11,29 Nov-2 Dec ,2011,Tokyo.
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Organic Synthesis Involving Iridium-Catalyzed Oxidation, T. Suzuki, Chem. Rev., ACS, 111 (2011),
1825-1845.
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᪥ᮏ⸆Ꮫ఍➨ 132 ᅇᖺ఍
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[1]Radical-induced degradation mechanism of perfluorinated polymer electrolyte membrane, R. Uegaki,
Y. Akiyama, S. Tojo, Y. Honda, S. Nishijima: J. Power Sources, 196 (23) (2011) 9856-9861.
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[1]Annihilation process of positron in degraded Nafion®-117 (oral), Y Honda, Y. Aoyagi, S Tojo, Y
Akiyama, Nishijima: 10th International workshop on Positron and Positronium chemistry,September 5-9,
2011,Slovakia.
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‫ޥ‬567-0047 ᄢ㒋ᐭ⨙ᧁᏒ⟤Ⓞࡩਐ㧤㧙㧝
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