Long Essay Questions: Pick one to answer Explain how the Rebellions and Conflict during the Colonial Era define this time period Why was 1800 considered another Revolution? Compare and contrast the Republican and Democrat political ideologies that emerged in the 1850s Explain how America’s identity both stayed the same and changed during the Gilded Age Refute or support the following: Politics is what defined the first half of the 20th century Compare and contrast the Korean and the Vietnam wars and how they were a product of the domino effect How did neo conservatism change America in the 1960s and 1970s? OR Short Answer Questions: Pick Three to answer Period 2 (1607-1754) 1. Use your knowledge of United States history to answer a, b, and c. a) Choose ONE of the early American settlements and describe how cooperation, competition or conflict contributed to its identity. b) Use ONE piece of historical evidence to support your explanation. c) Compare your answer in part (a) to ONE other American settlement. Period 3 (1754-1800) Religion, morality, and knowledge, being necessary to good government and the happiness of mankind, schools and the means of education shall forever be encouraged. The utmost good faith shall be observed towards the Indians; their lands and property shall never be taken from them without their consent; and, in their property, rights, and liberty, they shall never be invaded or disturbed, unless in just and lawful wars authorized by Congress; but laws founded in justice and humanity, shall from time to time be made for preventing wrongs Article 3, Northwest Ordinance, 1787 Consider the passage above and your knowledge of U.S. history to answer a, b, and c. a) Use this passage to explain ONE way in which the Northwest Ordinance extended republican institutions into new territories. b) Explain ONE additional way not included in the passage that the Northwest Ordinance extended republican institutions into new territories. c) Briefly assess the impact of the Northwest Ordinance, by the end of the 18th century, on the conflict between American Indians and Europeans in the trans-Appalachian West. Period 4 (1800-1848) Much has been written and spoken in woman’s behalf, especially in America; and yet a large class of females are, and have been, destined to a state of servitude as degrading as unceasing toil can make it. I refer to the female operatives of New England… who are in fact nothing more nor less than slaves …to a system of labor which requires them to toil from five [a.m.]until seven o’clock [p.m.], with one hour only to attend to the wants of nature, allowed… … Then too, when she is at last released from her wearisome day’s toil,… she must… be subjected to the manifold inconveniences of a large crowded boarding-house…that…will not ensure to her the common comforts of life; she is obliged to sleep in a small comfortless, half ventilated apartment containing some half a dozen occupants each… …we will soon show these drivelling cotton lords, this mushroom aristocracy of New England, who so arrogantly aspire to lord it over God’s heritage, that our rights cannot be trampled upon with impunity; that we WILL no longer submit to that arbitrary power which has for the last ten years been so abundantly exercised over us. From a tract written by women workers in a Lowell, Massachusetts textile mill, 1845 Use the passage above and your knowledge of U.S. history to answer questions a, b, and c. a) Describe the main point of this passage. b) Explain this passage in the context of ONE of the following. • Development of labor systems • Gender roles and women’s rights • Internal migration patterns • The demands of regional economic specialization d) Provide ONE piece of evidence not included in this passage to support your assertion. Period 5 (1844-1877) Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division [LC-DIG-ppmsca-11785] This image is entitled “Murder of Louisiana Sacrificed on the Altar of Radicalism.” President Ulysses S. Grant and Congress turned a blind eye to the disputed 1872 election of carpetbagger William P. Kellogg as governor of Louisiana. In this scene Kellogg holds up the heart which he has just extracted from the body of the female figure of Louisiana, who is held stretched across an altar by two freemen. Enthroned behind the altar sits Grant, holding a sword. His attorney general, George H. Williams, the winged demon perched behind him, directs his hand. At left three other leering officials watch the operation, while at right women representing various states look on in obvious distress. South Carolina, kneeling closest to the altar, is in chains. Use this image and your knowledge of the history of the United States to answer questions a, b, and c. A) Explain the point of view reflected in the image with respect to ONE of the following. American identity The balance of power between Congress and the presidency following the Civil War The role of economic resources on political developments during Reconstruction B) Identify ONE way in which the Radical Republicans’ Reconstruction plan was unsuccessful. C) Identify ONE way in which the Radical Republicans’ Reconstruction plan was successful. Period 6 (1865-1898) Use your knowledge of United States History to answer a, b, and c. a) Briefly assess the impact of the completion of transcontinental railroads on ONE of the following. American Indians Labor systems U.S. economy b) Compare your answer in (a) to ONE of the other options. c) Cite ONE piece of evidence to support your comparison. Period 7 (1890-1945) Use your knowledge of United States History to answer a, b, and c. a) Choose ONE of the factors listed below, and explain why your choice contributed the most to the rise of the urban machine and boss rule. assistance to immigrant communities graft weakness of city government b) Provide at least ONE piece of evidence to support your explanation. c) Contrast your choice against ONE of the other options, demonstrating why that option is not as good as your choice Period 8 (1945-1980) Write those letters [to your members of Congress] now, call your friends and tell them to write. If you don’t, this program I promise you, will pass just as surely as the sun will come up tomorrow and behind it will come other federal programs that will invade every area of freedom as we have known it in this country until one day, as Norman Thomas said, we will wake to find that we have socialism, and if you don’t do this and I don’t do this, one of these days we are going to spend our sunset years telling our children and our children’s children, what it once was like in America when men were free. Ronald Reagan’s comments about Medicare, c. 1961 Use this passage and your knowledge of the history of the United States to answer questions a, b, and c. a) Explain the main point of this passage in the context of ONE of the following. The Great Society The rise of a new conservative movement Debates over federal power b) Provide ONE piece of evidence to support your explanation in (a) above. c) Choose one of the other options and explain the main point of the passage in that context.
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