Synthesis and Antimicrobial Efficacy of Magnetic Silica Microspheres Decorated with Ag Nanoparticles

10th U.S.-Korea Nano Forum, Boston, MA, Oct 15-16, 2013
Synthesis & Antimicrobial Efficacy of Magnetic
Silica Microspheres Decorated with AgNPs
Kyoungja Woo
Motivation of the Project
Nano Convergent
Materials Tech.
Needs for Virus
Removal System
(Air, Water)
SOCIAL DEMAND
OUTBREAKS
OF VIRAL
INFECTION !
AgNP interaction with bacterial cells
AgNPs
The smaller, the better
1) Release Ag+ and generate ROS
2) Interact with membrane protein
3) Accumulate in the cell membrane
4) Enter into the cell
J. Nanopart. Res. (2010) 12:1531
AgNP interaction with microbial membranes
AgNP(~12 nm) & E. Coli
AgNP(<10 nm) & HIV-I
b
d
Degradation of the membrane
Structure
Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
2004, 275, 177
The AgNPs bind to the gp120 knobs
(cysteine location) of HIV virus
Journal of Nanobiotechnology 2005, 3:6
Major challenges
in practical utilization of AgNPs
1. Aggregation of AgNPs
2. Environmental release of AgNPs
* The smaller, the better?
Organic Polymer-AgNP Composite
Polysulfone ultrafiltration membrane impregnated with AgNP
(Membrane fabrication: 15% PSf, 10% PVP, 75% NMP, 0.9% AgNP)
without AgNP
with AgNP
After filtration of 0.4 L/cm2, 10% AgNP loss !
Water Research 2009, 43, 715
Inorganic Superparamagnetic AgNP Composite
▪ Magnetic hybrid colloid decorated with AgNP ([email protected])
Inorganic Superparamagnetic [email protected]
S. Coverage:
8.8%
25%
18%
Inorganic Superparamagnetic Ag/[email protected]
XPS analysis of Ag/[email protected]
[email protected]
Ag 3d5/2, 3d3/2
[email protected]
+ Ag+
[email protected]
+
+
+
+
+
AP
+
+
+
+
+
+
Fe3O4
Silica
N 1s
Catalytic Property of Ag/[email protected]
▪ Repeatedly usable noble metal nanocatalyst composite
Ag/[email protected]
ka = 0.095/min
TOF(nAg/[email protected])
= 3.8×10-3/s
TOF(chitosan-AgNP5nm)
= 0.97×10-3/s
Sci. Rep. 2013, 3, 1497, Woo
Antimicrobial effects of [email protected]
E. Coli CN13
Bacteriophage MS2
[email protected] bites away bacteria
E.coli CN13
E.coli [email protected]
as-prepared
E.coli [email protected] E.coli [email protected]
@60 min
@30 min
[email protected] chemisorbs viruses (Bacteriophage MS2)
Influenza viral HA structure (interactions at the dimer interface)
Asn228
Arg226
His181
Tyr230
Asp94
Glu213
Glu213
Asp94
Tyr230
His181
Arg226
Asn228
from Prof. Kyunghyun Kim in Korea University
Mechanistic study for antimicrobial effects of AgNP (30 nm)
(A)
(C)
(B)
1h
1d
Scale-up synthesis for practical application
TEOS
Acknowledgment
Fund: Ministry of Science, ICT & Future Planning
through NRF of Korea (GNT program),
KIST
People: Dr. Hye Hun Park (KIST),
Ms. Mihwa Seo (KIST),
Dr. Jae-Pyoung Ahn (KIST),
Mr. SungJun Park (SNU),
Prof. GwangPyo Ko (SNU)
Mr. Yoonhaeng Cho (Yonsei U.)
Prof. Jeongho Hwang (Yonsei U.)
Thank you !