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Consumer Expenditures
in 2001
U.S. Department of Labor
Bureau of Labor Statistics
April 2003
Report 966
C
onsumer units1 spent $39,518 on average in 2001, an
increase of 3.9 percent over the previous year. Expenditures had risen 2.8 percent in 2000 and 4.1 percent in 1999. The increase in spending in 2001 was more
than the 2.8-percent annual average rise in general price levels over the year, as measured by the Consumer Price Index
(CPI). This report shows the latest results from the Bureau
of Labor Statistics Consumer Expenditure Survey.
tal expenditures spent on food was fairly similar across age
groups, with the exception of the youngest group. The group
under age 25 spent 15.8 percent of their total on food, whereas
the comparable shares for all other groups ranged from 13.1
percent to 14.1 percent. The youngest group and the group
aged 65 and older spent about the same amount on food in
2001—$3,724 and $3, 749, respectively—but the ways in which
they allocated those food expenditures differed substantially.
Approximately half (50.1 percent) of the youngest group’s
food dollar went to food away from home, compared with
just 35 percent allocated by the 65-and-older group.
The 5.6-percent increase in spending on housing, the largest component of total spending, followed an increase of 2.2
percent a year earlier. Consumer units spent an average of
$13,011 on housing in 2001, almost a third of total expenditures. Increases in spending on shelter (6.9 percent) and on
utilities, fuels, and public services (11.2 percent) were primarily responsible for the increase in overall housing expenditures, and offset decreases in spending on housefurnishings
and equipment (-5.9 percent) and household operations (-1.2
percent). The large increase in spending for utilities, fuels,
Developments in 2001
Changes in 2001 in the major components of spending—
food, housing, apparel and services, transportation, health
care, entertainment, and personal insurance and pensions—
ranged from an increase of 11.1 percent for personal insurance and pensions to a decrease of 6.1 percent for apparel
and services. (See table A.) Expenditures for housing and
health care each rose by 5.6 percent. Other components for
which spending increased included food (3.2 percent), transportation (2.9 percent), and entertainment (4.8 percent).
There was little change from 2000 to 2001 in the percent
distribution (share of total expenditures) of each of the components of spending. (See table B.) Expenditure shares tend
to be stable from year to year, and their stablility makes the
percent distribution more useful for identifying long-term
spending trends than are percent changes in expenditures in
a single year. For example, despite the 11.1-percent increase
in spending on personal insurance and pensions in 2001, the
share of total expenditures devoted to that component rose
just 0.7 percentage points—from 8.8 to 9.5 percent. (See
boxnote for information on recent changes to the expenditure survey that might affect year-to-year comparisons of
resulting estimates.)
Food expenditures increased 3.2 percent in 2001, as spending on food away from home rose 4.6 percent and spending
on food at home grew by 2.2 percent. Spending on food
away from home had risen just 1 percent in 2000, but the 4.6percent increase in 2001 was more in line with increases in
the past several years—4.2 percent in 1999, 5.7 percent in
1998, and 5.4 percent in 1997. Data classified by the age of
the household reference person2 show that the share of to-
Consumer Expenditure Survey Begins
Collection of Bracketed Income Data
Beginning in 2001, the Interview portion of the Consumer Expenditure Survey includes information collected from respondents using income ranges or brackets in addition to discrete income amounts, as provided in the past. Respondents who are unable or
unwilling to provide a specific dollar amount may be
able or willing to estimate a range for their income. The
bracketed data should provide more reliable income
estimates because they increase the percentage of
households providing income data. This also affects
those few expenditure items derived from income data
and, as a result, amounts for those items are not strictly
comparable with previous data. For example, the increase in personal insurance and pensions in 2001 was
largely due to an increase in deductions for Social Security, which are computed from reported salary
amounts.
1
See the glossary at the end of this report for a definition of
consumer unit.
2
See the glossary at the end of this report for a definition of
reference person.
1
and public services was the result of increases for electricity
(10.7 percent), fuel oil (15.9 percent), and natural gas (33.6
percent). (Prices for electricity and natural gas, as measured
by the CPI, also rose in 2001, by 7.2 percent and 19.9 percent,
respectively, whereas fuel oil prices fell 0.3 percent.) Changes
in spending on housing varied by region of the country in
2001, as expenditures rose more in the West (7.4 percent) and
Northeast (6.9 percent) than in the South (4.8 percent) and
Midwest (4.2 percent). Consumer units in the West also had
the highest average levels of housing expenditures in 2001
($15,000), followed by the Northeast ($14,439), Midwest
($12,458), and South ($11,375).
The 6.1-percent decrease in spending on apparel and services in 2001 dropped the average amount spent by consumers, $1,743, to the same level recorded in 1999. The decrease
in apparel spending followed increases of 6.5 percent in 2000
and 4.1 percent in 1999, and decreases of 3.2 percent in 1998
and 1.3 percent in 1997. In 2001, spending was down across
all the subcomponents of apparel and services, including
men’s and boys’ apparel (-3.9 percent), women’s and girls’
apparel (-6.7 percent), and footwear (-11.9 percent). Data
classified by the size of the consumer unit show that the
largest decreases in apparel spending occurred among single
consumer units (-16.2 percent) and three-person consumer
units (-10.9 percent), whereas expenditures by two-person
and five-or-more-person consumer units each dropped by
1.8 percent.
Transportation spending rose 2.9 percent in 2001, following increases of 5.8 percent in 2000 and 6 percent in 1999.
Among the transportation components, increases in spending on vehicle purchases (4.7 percent) and other vehicle expenses (4.1 percent) were offset somewhat by decreases in
expenditures for gasoline and motor oil (-0.9 percent) and
public transportation (-6.3 percent). Other vehicle expenses
include spending on items such as maintenance and repairs,
vehicle finance charges, and rentals and leases. Public transportation expenditures include outlays for airline and ship
fares, as well as for intracity mass transit fares. The decrease
in spending on gasoline and motor oil in 2001 followed a
large increase (22.4 percent) in 2000. Both the increase in
2000 and the decrease in 2001 corresponded to changes in
the prices of motor fuels in those years—a 28.4-percent increase in 2000 and a 3.6-percent decrease in 2001. There was
a larger increase in spending on transportation among rural
consumers (13.4 percent) than among urban consumers (1.4
percent) in 2001. This was due primarily to a 23.8-percent
increase in spending on vehicle purchases by rural consumers, as the average expenditure rose from $3,751 in 2000 to
$4,644 in 2001. Spending on vehicles is subject to large
changes from year to year because vehicles are expensive
items that are typically purchased infrequently, and relatively
small changes in the percent of consumer units making such
purchases can affect the overall average.
The 5.6-percent increase in spending on health care in
2001 closely matched the 5.5-percent advance posted in 2000.
In both years, rising expenditures for health insurance and
for prescription and nonprescription drugs were primarily
responsible for the increase in the overall component. Spending for health insurance rose 7.9 percent and that for prescription and nonprescription drugs rose 7.8 percent in 2001.
Expenditures for the other two health care components—
medical services and medical supplies—showed little change
in 2001. The share of total expenditures allocated to health
care varies substantially by age group. The aged-65-andolder group devoted 12.6 percent of their total expenditures
to health care in 2001, close to the share that they spent on
food. In contrast, the under-age-25 group allocated just 2.3
percent of their total to health care.
Spending on entertainment rose 4.8 percent in 2001, following a decrease of 1.5 percent in 2000 and an increase of
8.3 percent in 1999. Among the four subcomponents of entertainment, there were modest increases for fees and admissions (2.2 percent) and for pets, toys, and playground equipment (1.1 percent), and larger increases for television, radios,
and sound equipment (6.1 percent) and for other entertainment supplies, equipment, and services (9.4 percent). Like
vehicle purchases, this last subcomponent is subject to large
changes from one year to the next because it includes expensive items (such as motorized recreational vehicles and boats)
that are purchased relatively infrequently, and relatively small
changes in the percent of consumer units purchasing such
items can have an effect on the overall average.
Expenditures and deductions for personal insurance and
pensions rose 11.1 percent in 2001, primarily due to a large
increase in the pensions and Social Security subcomponent.
(See boxnote, p. 1, for a caveat on the interpretation of this
estimate.) Pensions and Social Security is much larger than
the other subcomponent of personal insurance and pensions,
life and other personal insurance, and accounted for 89 percent of the overall expenditure category in 2001. Personal
insurance and pensions accounted for 15.4 percent of the
total expenditures of consumer units in the highest income
quintile3 in 2001, whereas consumers in the lowest quintile
allocated just 2.5 percent of income for such spending. The
lowest quintile includes larger proportions of retired persons, students, and young people just starting their careers,
and these groups typically do not spend as much, on average, for personal insurance and pensions.
Expenditure levels for the remaining components were
not as high as those for the major components of spending.
Among the smaller components, spending on alcoholic beverages dropped 6.2 percent in 2001 following a 17-percent
increase in 2000. Expenditures for reading, tobacco products and supplies, and miscellaneous items each decreased
by 3.4 percent in 2001. Miscellaneous expenditures includes
spending on such items as legal fees, accounting fees, funeral expenses, and other items not easily categorized elsewhere. Spending on personal care products and services
dropped 14 percent in 2001, following a large increase of 38.2
3
See the glossary at the end of this report for a definition of
income quintiles.
2
Table A. Average annual expenditures of all consumer units and percent changes, Consumer Expenditure Survey,
1999-2001
Percent change
1999
2000
2001
Number of consumer units (in thousands) .............
108,465
109,367
110,339
Income before taxes1...............................................
$43,951
$44,649
$47,507
Averages:
Age of reference person ..................................
Number of persons in consumer unit ................
Number of earners .............................................
Number of vehicles ............................................
Percent homeowner ................................................
47.9
2.5
1.3
1.9
65
48.2
2.5
1.4
1.9
66
48.1
2.5
1.4
1.9
66
Average annual expenditures ................................
Food .................................................................
Food at home ................................................
Cereals and bakery products .................
Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs ................
Dairy products ........................................
Fruits and vegetables .............................
Other food at home .................................
Food away from home .................................
Alcoholic beverages ..........................................
Housing ..............................................................
Shelter ...........................................................
Utilities, fuels, and public services ...............
Household operations ..................................
Housekeeping supplies ................................
Housefurnishings and equipment ................
Apparel and services ........................................
Transportation ....................................................
Vehicle purchases (net outlay) ....................
Gasoline and motor oil ..................................
Other vehicle expenses ...............................
Public transportation .....................................
Health care .........................................................
Entertainment .....................................................
Personal care products and services ...............
Reading ..............................................................
Education ............................................................
Tobacco products and supplies ........................
Miscellaneous ....................................................
Cash contributions .............................................
Personal insurance and pensions .....................
Life and other personal insurance ...............
Pensions and Social Security ......................
$36,995
5,031
2,915
448
749
322
500
896
2,116
318
12,057
7,016
2,377
666
498
1,499
1,743
7,011
3,305
1,055
2,254
397
1,959
1,891
408
159
635
300
867
1,181
3,436
394
3,042
$38,045
5,158
3,021
453
795
325
521
927
2,137
372
12,319
7,114
2,489
684
482
1,549
1,856
7,417
3,418
1,291
2,281
427
2,066
1,863
564
146
632
319
776
1,192
3,365
399
2,966
$39,518
5,321
3,086
452
828
332
522
952
2,235
349
13,011
7,602
2,767
676
509
1,458
1,743
7,633
3,579
1,279
2,375
400
2,182
1,953
485
141
648
308
750
1,258
3,737
410
3,326
Item
1
Income values are derived from “complete income reporters” only.
3
1999-2000
2000-2001
2.8
2.5
3.6
1.1
6.1
.9
4.2
3.5
1.0
17.0
2.2
1.4
4.7
2.7
-3.2
3.3
6.5
5.8
3.4
22.4
1.2
7.6
5.5
-1.5
38.2
-8.2
-.5
6.3
-10.5
.9
-2.1
1.3
-2.5
3.9
3.2
2.2
-.2
4.2
2.2
.2
2.7
4.6
-6.2
5.6
6.9
11.2
-1.2
5.6
-5.9
-6.1
2.9
4.7
-.9
4.1
-6.3
5.6
4.8
-14.0
-3.4
2.5
-3.4
-3.4
5.5
11.1
2.8
12.1
Table B. Percent distribution of total annual expenditures by major category, Consumer Expenditure Survey, 1998-2001
Item
Average annual expenditures ........................................
Food .........................................................................
Food at home ........................................................
Food away from home .........................................
Housing ......................................................................
Apparel and services ................................................
Transportation ............................................................
Vehicles ................................................................
Gasoline and motor oil ..........................................
Other transportation .............................................
Health care .................................................................
Entertainment .............................................................
Personal insurance and pensions .............................
Life and other personal insurance .......................
Pensions and Social Security ..............................
Other expenditures 1....................................................
1998
1999
2000
2001
100.0
13.5
7.8
5.7
33.0
4.7
18.6
8.3
2.9
7.4
5.4
4.9
9.5
1.1
8.4
10.4
100.0
13.6
7.9
5.7
32.6
4.7
19.0
8.9
2.9
7.2
5.3
5.1
9.3
1.1
8.2
10.5
100.0
13.6
7.9
5.6
32.4
4.9
19.5
9.0
3.4
7.1
5.4
4.9
8.8
1.0
7.8
10.5
100.0
13.5
7.8
5.7
32.9
4.4
19.3
9.1
3.2
7.0
5.5
4.9
9.5
1.0
8.4
10.0
1
Includes spending for alcoholic beverages, personal care products and services, reading, education, tobacco products and
supplies, cash contributions, and miscellaneous.
percent in 2000.4 Spending on education rose 2.5 percent
and cash contributions rose 5.5 percent.
Diary survey, about 7,500 consumer units are sampled each
year. Each consumer unit keeps a diary for two 1-week periods, yielding approximately 15,000 diaries a year. The Interview sample is selected on a rotating panel basis, surveying
about 7,500 consumer units each quarter. Each consumer
unit is interviewed once per quarter, for five consecutive
quarters. Data are collected on an ongoing basis in 105 areas
of the United States.
The Interview survey is designed to capture expenditure
data that respondents can reasonably recall for a period of 3
months or longer. In general, these include relatively large
expenditures, such as those for real property, automobiles,
and major appliances, or expenditures that occur on a regular
basis, such as rent, utility payments, or insurance premiums.
Including global estimates of spending for food, it is estimated that about 95 percent of expenditures are covered in
the Interview survey. Nonprescription drugs, household
supplies, and personal care items are excluded. The Interview survey also provides data on expenditures incurred
while on leisure trips.
The Diary survey is designed to capture expenditures on
small, frequently purchased items that are normally difficult
for respondents to recall. Detailed records of expenses are
kept for food and beverages—both at home and in eating
places, tobacco, housekeeping supplies, nonprescription
drugs, and personal care products and services. Expenditures incurred while away from home overnight or longer by
members of the consumer unit are excluded from the Diary
survey. Although the Diary survey was designed to collect
information on expenditures that could not be recalled easily
over a period of time, respondents are asked to report all
expenses (except overnight travel) that the consumer unit
incurs during the survey week.
Integrated data from the BLS Diary and Interview surveys provide a complete accounting of consumer expenditures and income, which neither survey component alone is
designed to do. Data on some expenditure items are col-
Brief description of the Consumer Expenditure
Survey
The current Consumer Expenditure Survey program was begun in 1980. Its principal objective is to collect information
on the buying habits of American consumers. Consumer expenditure data are used in a variety of research by government, business, labor, and academic analysts. Additionally,
the data are required for periodic revision of the Consumer
Price Index (CPI).
The survey, which is conducted by the U.S. Census Bureau for the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), consists of two
components: A Diary or recordkeeping survey completed by
participating consumer units for two consecutive 1-week periods; and an Interview survey, in which expenditures of
consumer units are obtained in five interviews conducted at
3-month intervals. Results in this report are based on integrated data from both surveys.
Survey participants record dollar amounts for goods and
services purchased during the reporting period, whether or
not payment is made at the time of purchase. Expenditure
amounts include all sales and excise taxes for all items purchased by the consumer unit for itself or for others. Excluded from both surveys are all business-related expenditures and expenditures for which the consumer unit is reimbursed.
Each survey queries an independent sample of consumer
units that is representative of the U.S. population. For the
4
The decrease in 2001 may be partially attributed to a change in
the Interview survey questionnaire. Beginning in 2001, respondents
are asked what they spent on personal care services in the last 3
months, whereas, previously, they were asked for the usual monthly
expense. In 2000, the source of the data was changed from the Diary
survey to the Interview survey, as the Interview was deemed more
reliable. This may have contributed to the increase in 2000.
4
lected in only one of the components. For example, the Diary
does not collect data on expenditures for overnight travel, or
information on reimbursements, as the Interview does. Examples of expenditures for which reimbursements are excluded are medical care; automobile repair; and construction, repairs, alterations, and maintenance of property.
For items unique to one or the other survey, the choice of
survey to use as the source of data is obvious. However,
there is considerable overlap in coverage between the surveys. Because of this, integrating the data presents the
problem of determining the appropriate survey component
from which to select expenditure items. When data are available from both survey sources, the more reliable of the two
(as determined by statistical methods) is selected. As a result, some items are selected from the Interview survey, and
others, from the Diary survey.
Population coverage and definition of components of the
Consumer Expenditure Survey differ from those of the Consumer Price Index. Consumer expenditure data cover the
total population, whereas the CPI covers only the urban
population. In addition, home ownership is treated differently in the two surveys. Actual expenditures of homeowners
are reported in the Consumer Expenditure Survey, whereas
the Consumer Price Index uses a rental equivalence approach
that attempts to measure the change in the cost of obtaining,
in the rental marketplace, services equivalent to those provided by owner-occupied homes.
mistakes in recording or coding, or other processing errors.
Tables and data
Tables in this report include integrated data from both the
Diary and Interview components of the Consumer Expenditure Survey, enabling data users to associate the full range
of expenditures with consumers’ demographic characteristics. Tables show data classified by income quintile, income
class, age of the reference person, size of the consumer unit,
composition of the consumer unit, number of earners, housing tenure, type of area (urban-rural), race, Hispanic origin,
region of residence, occupation, and education. (These are
the same classifications published in prior reports and bulletins.)
Information on expenditures, income, and family characteristics of single persons, classified by either age and sex or
income and sex, is available. Tables that show consumer
expenditure data cross-tabulated by income before taxes and
either age of the reference person, size of the consumer unit,
or region of residence also are available. These tables are
not presented in this report but may be obtained from the
BLS Division of Consumer Expenditure Surveys.
Integrated Consumer Expenditure Survey data with more
detailed expenditure categories are published in biennial reports. The most recent is Consumer Expenditure Survey,
1998-99, Report 955, November 2001. It contains tables of
average annual expenditures, income, and characteristics for
the same classifications that are shown in this report but in
greater detail. Also included are tables showing average
annual data over a 2-year period for: Income before taxes
cross-tabulated by either age, consumer unit size, or region;
single consumers by sex cross-tabulated by either income or
age; and selected Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSAs).
The next biennial report will contain survey data for 2000 and
2001 and will be published in mid-2003. Also scheduled for
publication in mid-2003 is a Consumer Expenditure Survey
anthology that includes analyses of expenditure data as they
apply to various topics of interest, as well as methodological
and research articles pertaining to various survey topics.
This will be the first in a series of anthologies to be published biennially.
Tables with the same level of detail as shown in the 2year report can be accessed through the Internet (http://
www.bls.gov/cex). Data are available for 1984-2001. Beginning with the 2000 data, standard error estimates for integrated Diary and Interview survey data are available on the
Internet. Other survey information, including answers to
frequently asked questions, a glossary of terms, and order
forms for survey products, also is available on the Internet.
Interpreting the data
Expenditures are averages for consumer units with specified
characteristics, regardless of whether a particular unit incurred
an expense for a specific item during the recordkeeping period.
The average expenditure for an item may be considerably lower
than the expenditure by those consumer units that purchased
the item. The less frequently an item is purchased, the greater
the difference between the average for all consumer units and
the average for those purchasing the item. Also, an individual
consumer unit may spend more or less than the average, depending on its particular characteristics. Factors such as income, age of family members, geographic location, taste, and
personal preference also influence expenditures. Furthermore,
even within groups with similar characteristics, the distribution of expenditures varies substantially. These points should
be considered when relating reported averages to individual
circumstances.
Users of these survey data should also keep in mind that
prices for many goods and services have risen since the
survey was conducted. For example, rent as measured by
the Consumer Price Index rose 4.5 percent between 2001 (annual average index) and October 2002.
In addition, sample surveys are subject to two types of
errors—sampling and nonsampling. Sampling errors occur
because the data are collected from a representative sample
rather than the entire population. Nonsampling errors result
from the inability or unwillingness of respondents to provide correct information, differences in interviewer ability,
Other available data
The 2001 Diary and Interview microdata, that is, data for
individual consumer units, are available on CD-ROM. The
Interview files contain expenditure data in two different formats: MTAB files that present monthly values in an item
coding framework based on the CPI pricing scheme, and
5
EXPN files that organize expenditures by the section of the
Interview questionnaire in which they are collected. Expenditure values on EXPN files cover different periods depending on the specific question asked, and the files also contain relevant nonexpenditure information not found on
the MTAB files. Currently available on CD-ROM are
microdata files back to 1990 and for selected earlier years.
Microdata files for earlier years also are available on publicuse tapes.
Consumer Expenditure Survey data also are available via
the BLS fax-on-demand service. This service provides information and data that may be accessed from a touch-tone
phone 24 hours a day, 7 days a week, by dialing (202) 6916325. Voice prompts explain how to obtain the information.
Data available from the fax-on-demand service are for the
most recent published year. Additional data also are presented in articles in the Monthly Labor Review.
For more detailed information on the availability of current and earlier data, contact the Division of Consumer Expenditure Surveys, Bureau of Labor Statistics, Room 3985, 2
Massachusetts Avenue, NE., Washington, DC 20212-0001.
Telephone: (202) 691-6900. E-mail: ([email protected]).
Internet: (http://www.bls.gov/cex).
Material in this publication is in the public domain and,
with appropriate credit, may be reproduced without permission. Information in this report is available upon request to
sensory impaired individuals: Voice phone: (202) 691-5200,
Federal Relay Service: 1-800-877-8339.
Glossary
Consumer unit. A consumer unit is defined as members of a
household related by blood, marriage, adoption, or other
legal arrangement; a single person living alone or sharing a
household with others but who is financially independent;
or two or more persons living together who share responsibility for at least 2 out of 3 major types of expenses—food,
housing, and other expenses. Students living in universitysponsored housing also are included in the sample as separate consumer units.
members aged 14 years or older during the 12 months preceding the interview. The components of income are wages
and salaries; self-employment income; Social Security and
private and government retirement income; interest, dividends, and rental and other property income; unemployment and workers’ compensation and veterans’ benefits;
public assistance, supplemental security income, and Food
Stamps; rent or meals or both as pay; and regular contributions for support such as alimony and child support.
Reference person. The first member mentioned by the respondent when asked to “Start with the name of the person
or one of the persons who owns or rents the home.” It is
with respect to this person that the relationship of other
consumer unit members is determined.
Complete income reporters. In general, a consumer unit
that provides values for at least one of the major sources of
its income, such as wages and salaries, self-employment income, and Social Security income. Even complete income
reporters may not provide a full accounting of all income
from all sources.
Total expenditures. The transaction costs, including excise
and sales taxes, of goods and services acquired during the
interview period. Estimates include expenditures for gifts
and contributions and payments for pensions and personal
insurance.
Quintiles of income before taxes. Complete income reporters are ranked in ascending order of income value and divided into five equal groups. Incomplete income reporters
are not ranked and are shown separately in the quintiles of
income tables.
Income. The combined income earned by all consumer unit
6
Table 1. Quintiles of income before taxes: Average annual expenditures and characteristics, Consumer Expenditure Survey, 2001
Complete reporting of income
Item
All
Total
consumer
complete
units
reporting
Lowest
20
percent
Second
20
percent
Third
20
percent
Fourth
20
percent
Highest
20
percent
Incomplete
reporting
of
income
Number of consumer units (in thousands) ....
Lower limit .....................................................
110,339
n.a.
88,735
n.a.
17,715
n.a.
17,751
$13,909
17,744
$27,177
17,749
$44,462
17,775
$71,898
21,604
n.a.
Consumer unit characteristics:
Income before taxes 1 .................................
Age of reference person ..............................
$47,507
48.1
$47,507
48.0
$7,946
51.0
$20,319
51.4
$35,536
46.9
$56,891 $116,666
44.9
45.6
(1)
48.8
Average number in consumer unit:
Persons .....................................................
Children under 18 ......................................
Persons 65 and over .................................
Earners ......................................................
Vehicles .....................................................
Percent homeowner ....................................
2.5
.7
.3
1.4
1.9
66
2.5
.7
.3
1.4
2.0
65
1.7
.4
.4
.6
1.0
43
2.2
.6
.5
1.0
1.5
55
2.5
.7
.3
1.4
1.9
63
2.9
.8
.2
1.8
2.4
75
3.1
.9
.1
2.1
2.9
88
2.6
.7
.3
1.3
1.9
71
Average annual expenditures ........................
Food ............................................................
Food at home ............................................
Cereals and bakery products ..................
Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs .................
Dairy products .........................................
Fruits and vegetables ..............................
Other food at home .................................
Food away from home ...............................
$39,518
5,321
3,086
452
828
332
522
952
2,235
$41,395
5,662
3,253
481
869
352
545
1,007
2,409
$18,883
3,269
2,124
322
591
213
370
629
1,145
$26,492
4,163
2,731
406
785
289
471
779
1,432
$35,660
5,042
3,113
452
859
337
531
934
1,929
$48,722
6,724
3,709
536
959
407
596
1,211
3,015
$77,125
9,101
4,584
686
1,150
516
754
1,478
4,518
$32,946
4,473
2,681
384
730
282
467
817
1,792
Alcoholic beverages ....................................
Housing .......................................................
Shelter .......................................................
Owned dwellings .....................................
Rented dwellings .....................................
Other lodging ...........................................
Utilities, fuels, and public services .............
Household operations ...............................
Housekeeping supplies .............................
Household furnishings and equipment ......
Apparel and services ...................................
349
13,011
7,602
4,979
2,134
489
2,767
676
509
1,458
1,743
386
13,120
7,583
4,905
2,197
481
2,739
672
566
1,561
1,846
220
6,834
3,824
1,572
2,066
186
1,758
310
303
639
860
250
8,833
4,995
2,268
2,528
200
2,307
372
390
768
1,120
331
11,162
6,367
3,526
2,588
253
2,663
503
502
1,127
1,598
431
14,790
8,608
5,896
2,196
516
3,079
675
689
1,738
2,149
700
23,953
14,103
11,248
1,608
1,248
3,883
1,497
942
3,527
3,500
255
12,751
7,678
5,280
1,876
522
2,881
695
374
1,123
1,493
Transportation .............................................
Vehicle purchases (net outlay) ..................
Gasoline and motor oil ..............................
Other vehicle expenses .............................
Public transportation ..................................
7,633
3,579
1,279
2,375
400
7,919
3,778
1,290
2,447
405
3,178
1,553
599
858
167
5,056
2,387
933
1,509
227
7,538
3,799
1,253
2,211
275
9,773
4,586
1,617
3,151
420
14,032
6,555
2,043
4,501
934
6,495
2,762
1,237
2,113
382
Health care ..................................................
Entertainment ..............................................
Personal care products and services ..........
Reading .......................................................
Education ....................................................
Tobacco products and smoking supplies ....
Miscellaneous ..............................................
Cash contributions .......................................
2,182
1,953
485
141
648
308
750
1,258
2,222
2,028
514
148
638
327
768
1,324
1,422
751
282
67
492
259
324
459
2,074
1,194
377
97
317
308
529
720
2,199
1,649
506
123
290
373
697
1,077
2,494
2,488
598
172
726
382
850
1,569
2,921
4,053
804
278
1,366
310
1,435
2,792
2,037
1,673
413
114
698
235
695
986
Personal insurance and pensions ...............
Life and other personal insurance .............
Pensions and Social Security ....................
3,737
410
3,326
4,494
423
4,071
466
175
291
1,454
285
1,169
3,075
310
2,765
5,576
479
5,097
11,878
864
11,014
628
360
268
1 Components of income and taxes are derived from "complete income reporters" only; see glossary.
n.a. Not applicable.
Table 2. Income before taxes: Average annual expenditures and characteristics, Consumer Expenditure Survey, 2001
Complete reporting of income
Total
complete
reporting
Less
than
$5,000
$5,000
to
$9,999
Number of consumer units (in thousands)
88,735
4,100
6,829
Consumer unit characteristics:
Income before taxes 1 ............................
Age of reference person .........................
$47,507
48.0
$1,666
39.4
Average number in consumer unit:
Persons ................................................
Children under 18 .................................
Persons 65 and over ............................
Earners .................................................
Vehicles ................................................
Percent homeowner ...............................
2.5
.7
.3
1.4
2.0
65
1.7
.4
.2
.8
1.0
33
Item
Average annual expenditures ...................
Food .......................................................
Food at home .......................................
Cereals and bakery products ..............
Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs .............
Dairy products ....................................
Fruits and vegetables .........................
Other food at home .............................
Food away from home ..........................
$10,000 $15,000 $20,000 $30,000 $40,000 $50,000
to
to
to
to
to
to
$14,999 $19,999 $29,999 $39,999 $49,999 $69,999
12,480
18,892
$7,675 $12,380 $17,282 $24,494 $34,456 $44,418 $58,943
54.1
55.4
53.0
49.5
46.8
45.3
44.8
$113,978
45.5
1.6
.3
.5
.5
.9
43
8,099
1.9
.5
.5
.7
1.1
51
7,014
2.1
.5
.5
.8
1.5
54
12,075
2.3
.6
.4
1.1
1.7
58
10,508
2.4
.6
.3
1.4
1.9
62
8,737
$70,000
and
over
2.7
.8
.2
1.6
2.2
69
2.9
.8
.2
1.8
2.5
77
3.1
.9
.1
2.1
2.9
87
$41,395 $20,517 $16,625 $20,642 $25,028 $28,623 $35,430 $40,900 $50,136
5,662
3,497
3,051
3,406
3,763
4,499
5,071
5,904
6,851
3,253
1,974
2,101
2,210
2,524
2,904
3,136
3,488
3,742
481
296
313
340
376
436
450
501
543
869
553
594
599
729
821
883
910
974
352
198
211
218
274
315
334
378
410
545
332
357
395
439
501
527
572
603
1,007
596
627
658
707
831
941
1,127
1,212
2,409
1,523
950
1,195
1,238
1,595
1,935
2,415
3,109
$76,124
9,066
4,565
683
1,145
513
754
1,470
4,501
Alcoholic beverages ...............................
Housing ..................................................
Shelter ..................................................
Owned dwellings ................................
Rented dwellings ................................
Other lodging ......................................
Utilities, fuels, and public services ........
Household operations ...........................
Housekeeping supplies ........................
Household furnishings and equipment
Apparel and services ..............................
386
13,120
7,583
4,905
2,197
481
2,739
672
566
1,561
1,846
385
7,307
4,323
1,902
2,056
365
1,599
248
298
839
1,102
186
6,021
3,276
1,289
1,865
122
1,654
290
299
502
748
223
7,472
4,097
1,705
2,253
138
2,002
353
312
709
869
249
8,305
4,747
2,063
2,494
191
2,170
323
369
695
1,272
227
9,525
5,382
2,558
2,601
223
2,457
428
414
844
1,063
326
11,006
6,238
3,396
2,589
253
2,661
509
495
1,103
1,636
412
12,248
6,978
4,192
2,497
289
2,841
541
579
1,309
1,894
436
15,356
8,969
6,306
2,108
556
3,102
688
747
1,850
2,173
695
23,622
13,913
11,035
1,656
1,222
3,841
1,465
930
3,473
3,479
Transportation ........................................
Vehicle purchases (net outlay) .............
Gasoline and motor oil ..........................
Other vehicle expenses ........................
Public transportation .............................
7,919
3,778
1,290
2,447
405
3,417
1,712
646
850
209
2,727
1,349
522
723
132
3,539
1,684
645
1,021
189
4,624
2,163
861
1,362
237
5,644
2,704
1,048
1,669
223
7,549
3,874
1,236
2,148
292
8,672
4,155
1,473
2,788
257
9,888
4,617
1,615
3,197
459
13,892
6,505
2,027
4,447
913
Health care .............................................
Entertainment .........................................
Personal care products and services .....
Reading ..................................................
Education ................................................
Tobacco products and smoking supplies
Miscellaneous .........................................
Cash contributions ..................................
2,222
2,028
514
148
638
327
768
1,324
1,154
923
349
69
878
284
370
433
1,277
630
262
54
486
234
264
357
1,792
790
287
82
259
266
362
591
2,143
1,292
346
93
359
313
447
609
2,089
1,187
402
103
271
326
608
901
2,200
1,620
543
121
292
353
666
1,053
2,239
1,958
541
137
433
415
802
1,181
2,512
2,638
600
180
748
372
865
1,616
2,908
3,986
794
274
1,358
315
1,412
2,743
Personal insurance and pensions ..........
Life and other personal insurance ........
Pensions and Social Security ...............
4,494
423
4,071
350
179
171
329
140
188
704
236
468
1,213
308
906
1,779
250
1,529
2,994
323
2,670
4,065
368
3,698
5,900
496
5,405
11,579
844
10,736
1
Components of income and taxes are derived from "complete income reporters" only; see glossary.
Table 3. Age of reference person: Average annual expenditures and characteristics, Consumer Expenditure Survey, 2001
Item
All
consumer
units
Number of consumer units (in thousands) ....
110,339
Consumer unit characteristics:
Income before taxes 1 .................................
Age of reference person ..............................
$47,507 $20,769 $49,424 $58,902 $61,093 $51,965 $27,528 $32,365 $22,255
48.1
21.4
29.8
39.6
49.4
59.2
75.0
69.3
81.1
Average number in consumer unit:
Persons .....................................................
Children under 18 ......................................
Persons 65 and over .................................
Earners ......................................................
Vehicles .....................................................
Percent homeowner ....................................
Average annual expenditures ........................
Food ............................................................
Food at home ............................................
Cereals and bakery products ..................
Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs .................
Dairy products .........................................
Fruits and vegetables ..............................
Other food at home .................................
Food away from home ...............................
2.5
.7
.3
1.4
1.9
66
Under
25
8,598
1.9
.3
(2)
1.3
1.2
13
25-34
35-44
45-54
55-64
65 and
over
65-74
75 and
over
18,515
24,422
22,317
14,549
21,938
11,342
10,596
2.9
1.1
(2)
1.5
1.8
48
3.3
1.4
(2)
1.7
2.1
68
2.7
.6
(2)
1.8
2.4
77
2.1
.2
.1
1.3
2.3
81
1.7
.1
1.4
.4
1.5
80
1.9
.1
1.4
.6
1.8
82
1.5
(2)
1.3
.3
1.2
78
$39,518 $23,526 $39,451 $46,908 $47,930 $41,462 $27,714 $32,023 $23,099
5,321
3,724
5,214
6,242
6,451
5,442
3,749
4,209
3,255
3,086
1,857
2,936
3,589
3,659
3,238
2,435
2,597
2,261
452
276
419
535
522
463
377
386
367
828
472
791
948
999
898
641
697
581
332
194
317
400
388
340
257
274
238
522
295
478
585
607
555
468
493
440
952
620
931
1,120
1,142
982
693
748
634
2,235
1,867
2,277
2,653
2,792
2,204
1,314
1,612
994
Alcoholic beverages ....................................
Housing .......................................................
Shelter .......................................................
Owned dwellings .....................................
Rented dwellings .....................................
Other lodging ...........................................
Utilities, fuels, and public services .............
Household operations ...............................
Housekeeping supplies .............................
Household furnishings and equipment ......
Apparel and services ...................................
349
13,011
7,602
4,979
2,134
489
2,767
676
509
1,458
1,743
379
7,585
4,862
778
3,786
298
1,369
237
215
902
1,197
393
13,828
8,544
4,641
3,655
248
2,606
775
430
1,473
1,922
413
15,870
9,529
6,784
2,261
484
3,111
942
576
1,712
2,110
396
15,026
8,824
6,498
1,632
694
3,192
570
638
1,802
2,337
322
12,802
7,067
5,122
1,187
758
2,998
491
593
1,653
1,575
192
9,354
4,844
3,258
1,201
386
2,481
700
430
899
891
233
10,629
5,592
4,020
998
574
2,699
723
481
1,135
1,151
148
7,988
4,045
2,442
1,418
184
2,246
675
375
647
611
Transportation .............................................
Vehicle purchases (net outlay) ..................
Gasoline and motor oil ..............................
Other vehicle expenses .............................
Public transportation ..................................
7,633
3,579
1,279
2,375
400
4,834
2,463
867
1,277
226
8,173
3,920
1,324
2,563
365
9,202
4,463
1,518
2,798
423
9,355
4,319
1,586
2,998
452
8,093
3,778
1,343
2,473
498
4,470
1,859
783
1,475
353
5,679
2,477
994
1,751
455
3,177
1,196
558
1,180
243
Health care ..................................................
Entertainment ..............................................
Personal care products and services ..........
Reading .......................................................
Education ....................................................
Tobacco products and smoking supplies ....
Miscellaneous ..............................................
Cash contributions .......................................
2,182
1,953
485
141
648
308
750
1,258
530
1,152
307
60
1,511
265
319
268
1,286
2,001
452
111
477
320
566
771
1,879
2,508
525
136
669
379
740
1,263
2,265
2,233
585
172
1,036
374
900
1,575
2,703
2,337
542
183
438
333
815
1,478
3,493
1,067
396
144
173
154
891
1,583
3,583
1,296
441
159
201
217
1,189
1,441
3,397
822
347
128
143
87
571
1,734
Personal insurance and pensions ...............
Life and other personal insurance .............
Pensions and Social Security ....................
3,737
410
3,326
1,395
51
1,344
3,938
239
3,700
4,971
423
4,548
5,224
545
4,679
4,401
653
3,747
1,157
384
773
1,594
499
1,096
690
262
428
1
2
Components of income and taxes are derived from "complete income reporters" only; see glossary.
Value less than 0.05.
Table 4. Size of consumer unit: Average annual expenditures and characteristics, Consumer Expenditure Survey,
2001
Two or more persons
Item
All
consumer
units
Number of consumer units (in thousands) ......
110,339
Consumer unit characteristics:
Income before taxes 1 ...................................
Age of reference person ...............................
$47,507
48.1
Average number in consumer unit:
Persons .......................................................
Children under 18 .......................................
Persons 65 and over ...................................
Earners .......................................................
Vehicles ......................................................
Percent homeowner ......................................
2.5
.7
.3
1.4
1.9
66
Average annual expenditures .........................
Food ..............................................................
Food at home ..............................................
Cereals and bakery products ....................
Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs ...................
Dairy products ...........................................
Fruits and vegetables ................................
Other food at home ...................................
Food away from home ................................
$39,518
5,321
3,086
452
828
332
522
952
2,235
Alcoholic beverages ......................................
Housing .........................................................
Shelter .........................................................
Owned dwellings .......................................
Rented dwellings .......................................
Other lodging ............................................
Utilities, fuels, and public services ..............
Household operations .................................
Housekeeping supplies ...............................
Household furnishings and equipment ........
Apparel and services ....................................
Total
two or
more
persons
Two
persons
Three
persons
Four
persons
Five or
more
persons
32,783
77,556
34,151
16,523
15,571
11,310
$26,650
51.5
$56,737
46.7
$50,941
52.9
$56,384
44.0
$66,158
40.7
$61,795
40.4
3.1
.9
.3
1.7
2.3
73
2.0
.1
.5
1.2
2.1
74
3.0
.8
.2
1.8
2.3
69
4.0
1.6
.1
2.0
2.6
75
5.6
2.8
.1
2.3
2.5
70
$23,507
2,835
1,533
224
369
169
285
486
1,302
$46,199
6,319
3,706
543
1,011
397
616
1,139
2,613
$40,359
5,291
2,954
420
811
304
512
907
2,336
$45,508
6,208
3,696
526
1,040
394
604
1,132
2,512
$54,395
7,448
4,404
660
1,142
485
712
1,405
3,043
$53,805
8,194
5,151
800
1,425
573
834
1,520
3,042
349
13,011
7,602
4,979
2,134
489
2,767
676
509
1,458
1,743
314
8,371
5,253
2,491
2,505
256
1,799
356
246
717
862
362
14,961
8,595
6,030
1,977
587
3,175
811
614
1,765
2,100
400
12,944
7,463
4,988
1,834
640
2,816
474
556
1,636
1,650
315
14,744
8,358
5,737
2,167
454
3,202
877
562
1,746
2,013
368
17,914
10,415
7,892
1,893
630
3,530
1,356
731
1,882
2,643
309
17,317
9,851
7,039
2,249
563
3,734
984
719
2,029
2,893
Transportation ...............................................
Vehicle purchases (net outlay) ....................
Gasoline and motor oil ................................
Other vehicle expenses ..............................
Public transportation ...................................
7,633
3,579
1,279
2,375
400
4,012
1,805
659
1,275
273
9,164
4,329
1,541
2,841
453
7,692
3,487
1,301
2,426
478
9,348
4,325
1,560
3,051
412
10,775
5,258
1,810
3,256
450
11,123
5,594
1,872
3,215
443
Health care ....................................................
Entertainment ................................................
Personal care products and services ............
Reading .........................................................
Education ......................................................
Tobacco products and smoking supplies ......
Miscellaneous ...............................................
Cash contributions ........................................
2,182
1,953
485
141
648
308
750
1,258
1,441
1,097
297
111
423
203
518
1,063
2,494
2,312
562
154
742
353
848
1,341
2,827
2,051
512
168
476
312
744
1,429
2,265
2,137
555
139
830
397
843
1,167
2,253
2,787
614
155
1,059
349
1,156
1,287
2,150
2,718
658
131
984
416
743
1,399
Personal insurance and pensions .................
Life and other personal insurance ...............
Pensions and Social Security .....................
3,737
410
3,326
1,960
180
1,779
4,488
508
3,980
3,864
482
3,382
4,547
527
4,020
5,589
565
5,024
4,770
477
4,293
1
2
One
person
1.0
(2)
.3
.6
1.0
51
Components of income and taxes are derived from "complete income reporters" only; see glossary.
Value less than 0.05.
Table 5. Composition of consumer unit: Average annual expenditures and characteristics, Consumer Expenditure Survey, 2001
Husband and wife consumer units
Item
Husband and wife with children
Total
Total
husband Husband
and wife and wife husband Oldest
Oldest
Oldest
and wife
consumer
child
child
child 18
only
with
units
under 6 6 to 17 or over
children
Number of consumer units (in thousands) ...
55,840
Consumer unit characteristics:
Income before taxes 1 ................................
Age of reference person ............................
$64,383
48.3
Average number in consumer unit:
Persons ....................................................
Children under 18 ....................................
Persons 65 and over ................................
Earners ....................................................
Vehicles ...................................................
Percent homeowner ...................................
3.2
.9
.3
1.7
2.6
82
Average annual expenditures ......................
Food ...........................................................
Food at home ...........................................
Cereals and bakery products .................
Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs ................
Dairy products ........................................
Fruits and vegetables ............................
Other food at home ................................
Food away from home .............................
$50,822
6,733
3,928
575
1,060
423
658
1,212
2,805
Alcoholic beverages ...................................
Housing ......................................................
Shelter .....................................................
Owned dwellings ....................................
Rented dwellings ...................................
Other lodging .........................................
Utilities, fuels, and public services ...........
Household operations ..............................
Housekeeping supplies ............................
Household furnishings and equipment ....
Apparel and services .................................
370
16,287
9,298
7,132
1,454
712
3,354
930
681
2,024
2,214
396
13,865
7,861
5,894
1,173
795
2,975
497
638
1,894
1,716
351
18,261
10,541
8,242
1,623
677
3,585
1,303
713
2,118
2,598
343
19,608
11,064
8,495
2,142
426
3,097
2,383
633
2,433
2,447
353
18,744
11,028
8,621
1,704
703
3,615
1,338
684
2,079
2,610
Transportation ............................................
Vehicle purchases (net outlay) ................
Gasoline and motor oil .............................
Other vehicle expenses ...........................
Public transportation ................................
10,214
4,865
1,692
3,152
505
8,380
3,846
1,401
2,595
538
11,524
5,564
1,892
3,583
485
9,744
4,710
1,558
3,139
338
Health care ................................................
Entertainment ............................................
Personal care products and services .........
Reading .....................................................
Education ...................................................
Tobacco products and smoking supplies ...
Miscellaneous ............................................
Cash contributions .....................................
2,863
2,585
600
177
809
324
909
1,575
3,360
2,255
554
199
437
271
780
1,744
2,489
2,921
623
164
1,148
340
1,038
1,503
Personal insurance and pensions ..............
Life and other personal insurance ...........
Pensions and Social Security ..................
5,162
613
4,550
4,365
607
3,757
5,872
602
5,271
1
23,119
7,890
4,665
6,629
47,871
$57,498 $70,157 $65,555 $69,041 $75,374
56.6
41.5
32.2
39.5
51.3
$63,539
47.9
$25,908
37.5
$31,594
49.4
2.0
n.a.
.6
1.2
2.4
85
28,055
3.9
1.6
.1
2.0
2.7
80
5,020
3.5
1.5
(2)
1.6
2.2
70
15,145
4.2
2.2
(2)
1.8
2.6
80
3.8
.6
.2
2.6
3.3
86
5.0
1.6
.4
2.4
2.9
78
$43,948 $56,284 $51,365 $57,178 $57,830
5,626
7,452
6,161
7,604
8,062
3,146
4,393
3,855
4,399
4,781
442
667
567
682
706
877
1,138
942
1,119
1,325
319
491
449
493
517
554
713
647
697
797
953
1,385
1,249
1,409
1,435
2,481
3,058
2,305
3,205
3,282
$52,591
8,265
5,293
722
1,581
562
888
1,540
2,972
$29,634
5,160
3,243
508
936
325
499
976
1,917
$27,564
3,616
2,026
293
527
221
357
629
1,589
351
16,485
9,275
7,352
1,138
784
3,838
547
838
1,988
2,691
350
16,472
8,935
6,591
1,833
511
3,849
840
707
2,141
2,456
162
10,878
6,290
3,028
3,102
159
2,581
682
420
905
2,051
350
9,463
5,805
2,737
2,793
275
2,107
378
311
863
1,127
11,351
5,526
1,876
3,439
511
12,983
6,180
2,136
4,140
528
11,423
5,715
1,927
3,320
461
4,446
1,872
897
1,454
223
5,065
2,315
851
1,597
301
2,013
2,312
562
136
343
234
654
1,162
2,488
3,300
628
171
1,091
327
1,161
1,524
2,800
2,588
654
168
1,771
432
1,056
1,680
2,653
2,216
707
149
618
491
776
1,171
1,134
1,375
480
71
541
290
701
435
1,530
1,292
347
108
474
293
571
1,002
5,644
420
5,224
5,826
645
5,181
6,107
634
5,472
4,845
705
4,139
1,912
177
1,734
2,327
207
2,120
Components of income and taxes are derived from "complete income reporters" only; see glossary.
Value less than 0.05.
n.a. Not applicable.
2
One
Single
Other
parent,
person
husband
at least and other
and wife one child consumer
units
consumer under 18
units
3.0
1.8
(2)
1.1
1.1
39
1.6
.2
.3
1.0
1.3
52
Table 6. Number of earners in consumer unit: Average annual expenditures and characteristics, Consumer Expenditure
Survey, 2001
Item
Single consumers
All
consumer
One
units
No earner
earner
Consumer units of two or more persons
No earner
One
earner
Two
earners
Three or
more
Number of consumer units (in thousands) ....
110,339
12,370
20,413
9,301
21,420
36,385
10,450
Consumer unit characteristics:
Income before taxes 1 .................................
Age of reference person ..............................
$47,507
48.1
$14,712
68.2
$33,007
41.5
$23,689
65.4
$42,135
46.6
$67,391
42.3
$76,782
45.4
Average number in consumer unit:
Persons .....................................................
Children under 18 ......................................
Persons 65 and over .................................
Earners ......................................................
Vehicles .....................................................
Percent homeowner ....................................
2.5
.7
.3
1.4
1.9
66
1.0
n.a.
.7
n.a.
.8
61
1.0
n.a.
.1
1.0
1.2
45
2.3
.3
1.3
n.a.
1.7
78
3.0
1.1
.3
1.0
1.9
67
3.1
.9
.1
2.0
2.4
73
4.5
1.2
.1
3.3
3.2
79
Average annual expenditures ........................
Food ............................................................
Food at home ............................................
Cereals and bakery products ..................
Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs .................
Dairy products .........................................
Fruits and vegetables ..............................
Other food at home .................................
Food away from home ...............................
$39,518
5,321
3,086
452
828
332
522
952
2,235
$17,060
2,283
1,563
247
381
169
305
460
720
$27,449
3,185
1,513
209
361
169
272
502
1,673
$28,694
4,566
3,081
481
818
331
564
887
1,486
$39,567
5,734
3,559
528
1,013
379
594
1,046
2,175
$50,856
6,563
3,649
529
968
390
592
1,170
2,914
$59,424
8,398
4,880
695
1,369
530
815
1,472
3,518
Alcoholic beverages ....................................
Housing .......................................................
Shelter .......................................................
Owned dwellings .....................................
Rented dwellings .....................................
Other lodging ...........................................
Utilities, fuels, and public services .............
Household operations ...............................
Housekeeping supplies .............................
Household furnishings and equipment ......
Apparel and services ...................................
349
13,011
7,602
4,979
2,134
489
2,767
676
509
1,458
1,743
169
6,837
3,846
1,916
1,757
172
1,762
518
242
469
513
407
9,302
6,105
2,840
2,958
307
1,822
258
248
869
1,080
230
9,350
4,741
3,066
1,278
396
2,638
465
518
989
1,074
274
13,559
7,870
5,254
2,060
556
2,965
648
557
1,519
1,800
431
16,657
9,671
6,915
2,151
605
3,248
1,053
633
2,052
2,319
424
16,937
9,760
7,174
1,826
760
3,832
614
766
1,965
2,919
Transportation .............................................
Vehicle purchases (net outlay) ..................
Gasoline and motor oil ..............................
Other vehicle expenses .............................
Public transportation ..................................
7,633
3,579
1,279
2,375
400
2,232
968
392
715
156
5,093
2,312
821
1,616
344
4,957
2,158
915
1,565
319
7,596
3,729
1,273
2,205
390
9,843
4,494
1,672
3,181
496
13,760
6,916
2,196
4,096
552
Health care ..................................................
Entertainment ..............................................
Personal care products and services ..........
Reading .......................................................
Education ....................................................
Tobacco products and smoking supplies ....
Miscellaneous ..............................................
Cash contributions .......................................
2,182
1,953
485
141
648
308
750
1,258
2,065
622
249
89
228
137
358
1,083
1,062
1,387
327
124
542
244
616
1,052
3,724
1,318
462
137
194
215
576
1,300
2,322
2,024
487
132
547
303
736
1,083
2,277
2,633
588
168
773
374
960
1,425
2,511
2,677
721
164
1,525
504
934
1,612
Personal insurance and pensions ...............
Life and other personal insurance .............
Pensions and Social Security ....................
3,737
410
3,326
196
173
223
3,028
185
2,844
590
467
2123
2,971
393
2,577
5,846
555
5,291
6,338
612
5,726
1
Components of income and taxes are derived from "complete income reporters" only; see glossary.
Data are likely to have large sampling errors.
n.a. Not applicable.
2
Table 7. Housing tenure, type of area, race of reference person, and Hispanic origin of reference person: Average annual
expenditures and characteristics, Consumer Expenditure Survey, 2001
Housing tenure
Item
All
consumer
units
Type of area
Race of reference
person
Homeowner
Renter
Urban
Rural
White
and
other
Black
73,010
37,329
96,492
13,847
97,056
13,283
Hispanic origin of
reference person
Hispanic
NonHispanic
Number of consumer units (in thousands) ...
110,339
9,621 100,718
Consumer unit characteristics:
Income before taxes 1 ................................
Age of reference person ............................
$47,507
48.1
Average number in consumer unit:
Persons ....................................................
Children under 18 ....................................
Persons 65 and over ................................
Earners ....................................................
Vehicles ...................................................
Percent homeowner ...................................
2.5
.7
.3
1.4
1.9
66
Average annual expenditures ......................
Food ...........................................................
Food at home ...........................................
Cereals and bakery products .................
Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs ................
Dairy products ........................................
Fruits and vegetables ............................
Other food at home ................................
Food away from home .............................
$39,518
5,321
3,086
452
828
332
522
952
2,235
Alcoholic beverages ...................................
Housing ......................................................
Shelter .....................................................
Owned dwellings ....................................
Rented dwellings ...................................
Other lodging .........................................
Utilities, fuels, and public services ...........
Household operations ..............................
Housekeeping supplies ............................
Household furnishings and equipment ....
Apparel and services .................................
349
13,011
7,602
4,979
2,134
489
2,767
676
509
1,458
1,743
361
14,713
8,197
7,490
73
634
3,242
852
609
1,813
1,930
325
9,683
6,437
67
6,166
205
1,836
332
313
764
1,377
369
13,563
8,043
5,216
2,318
508
2,781
723
518
1,498
1,814
206
9,167
4,524
3,320
850
354
2,667
349
447
1,180
1,243
375
13,353
7,831
5,252
2,048
531
2,741
711
532
1,537
1,745
156
10,510
5,925
2,981
2,762
182
2,955
417
336
877
1,729
308
11,747
7,018
3,349
3,503
167
2,429
430
432
1,437
1,857
353
13,132
7,657
5,134
2,003
520
2,799
699
517
1,460
1,732
Transportation ............................................
Vehicle purchases (net outlay) ................
Gasoline and motor oil .............................
Other vehicle expenses ...........................
Public transportation ................................
7,633
3,579
1,279
2,375
400
8,861
4,174
1,466
2,762
459
5,232
2,414
915
1,618
285
7,514
3,426
1,247
2,412
429
8,468
4,644
1,506
2,120
198
7,969
3,769
1,322
2,459
419
5,184
2,193
968
1,766
257
7,083
3,360
1,265
2,134
323
7,686
3,600
1,281
2,398
407
Health care ................................................
Entertainment ............................................
Personal care products and services .........
Reading .....................................................
Education ...................................................
Tobacco products and smoking supplies ...
Miscellaneous ............................................
Cash contributions .....................................
2,182
1,953
485
141
648
308
750
1,258
2,697
2,330
538
169
665
298
879
1,558
1,174
1,216
380
86
614
329
498
672
2,139
1,970
499
147
700
299
782
1,284
2,478
1,837
386
102
285
373
527
1,078
2,307
2,085
487
152
688
323
773
1,324
1,264
988
468
62
352
203
585
776
1,343
1,246
467
59
428
177
457
727
2,262
2,021
486
149
669
321
778
1,309
Personal insurance and pensions ..............
Life and other personal insurance ...........
Pensions and Social Security ..................
3,737
410
3,326
4,530
541
3,989
2,186
156
2,030
3,845
401
3,444
2,983
473
2,510
3,926
424
3,501
2,356
310
2,046
2,814
209
2,605
3,825
430
3,395
$56,709 $30,415 $48,856 $37,921 $49,334 $33,739 $35,886 $48,726
52.1
40.3
47.6
51.7
48.5
45.1
42.4
48.7
2.6
.7
.4
1.4
2.3
100
2.2
.6
.2
1.2
1.2
n.a.
2.5
.7
.3
1.4
1.9
64
2.5
.6
.4
1.4
2.5
82
2.5
.6
.3
1.4
2.0
69
2.7
.9
.2
1.3
1.3
49
3.4
1.2
.2
1.6
1.6
47
2.4
.6
.3
1.3
2.0
68
$45,399 $28,016 $40,355 $33,681 $40,968 $28,903 $34,361 $40,009
5,871
4,244
5,431
4,549
5,463
4,271
5,648
5,288
3,380
2,509
3,119
2,851
3,124
2,804
3,551
3,039
495
369
458
413
459
402
490
448
900
687
833
792
813
941
1,098
801
367
263
335
307
344
241
355
329
569
430
534
439
530
460
663
508
1,050
760
959
899
978
759
946
952
2,491
1,735
2,312
1,697
2,339
1,467
2,097
2,249
1 Components of income and taxes are derived from "complete income reporters" only; see glossary.
n.a. Not applicable.
Table 8. Region of residence: Average annual expenditures and characteristics, Consumer Expenditure Survey, 2001
Item
All
consumer
units
Northeast
Midwest
South
West
Number of consumer units (in thousands) .............
110,339
20,940
25,842
39,177
24,380
Consumer unit characteristics:
Income before taxes 1 .........................................
Age of reference person ......................................
$47,507
48.1
$50,568
49.5
$47,665
48.7
$44,218
48.0
$49,960
46.6
Average number in consumer unit:
Persons .............................................................
Children under 18 ..............................................
Persons 65 and over .........................................
Earners ..............................................................
Vehicles .............................................................
Percent homeowner ............................................
2.5
.7
.3
1.4
1.9
66
2.5
.6
.3
1.3
1.7
64
2.4
.6
.3
1.4
2.1
71
2.5
.7
.3
1.3
1.9
68
2.6
.7
.3
1.4
2.0
61
Average annual expenditures ................................
Food ....................................................................
Food at home ....................................................
Cereals and bakery products ...........................
Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs ..........................
Dairy products .................................................
Fruits and vegetables ......................................
Other food at home ..........................................
Food away from home .......................................
$39,518
5,321
3,086
452
828
332
522
952
2,235
$41,169
5,697
3,399
511
939
375
608
966
2,299
$39,548
5,052
2,892
435
720
328
459
951
2,160
$36,285
5,153
2,983
431
846
301
482
923
2,170
$43,261
5,549
3,183
454
816
348
577
988
2,366
Alcoholic beverages ............................................
Housing ...............................................................
Shelter ...............................................................
Owned dwellings .............................................
Rented dwellings .............................................
Other lodging ...................................................
Utilities, fuels, and public services .....................
Household operations ........................................
Housekeeping supplies .....................................
Household furnishings and equipment ..............
Apparel and services ...........................................
349
13,011
7,602
4,979
2,134
489
2,767
676
509
1,458
1,743
386
14,439
8,943
5,789
2,536
618
2,836
778
518
1,365
2,072
346
12,458
7,056
4,973
1,549
534
2,823
614
492
1,473
1,695
298
11,375
6,101
3,993
1,754
353
2,843
619
494
1,318
1,602
400
15,000
9,440
5,872
3,019
548
2,524
745
544
1,748
1,736
Transportation .....................................................
Vehicle purchases (net outlay) ..........................
Gasoline and motor oil .......................................
Other vehicle expenses .....................................
Public transportation ..........................................
7,633
3,579
1,279
2,375
400
7,194
3,131
1,086
2,402
574
7,681
3,496
1,367
2,464
353
7,448
3,813
1,245
2,110
281
8,258
3,676
1,408
2,684
491
Health care ..........................................................
Entertainment ......................................................
Personal care products and services ..................
Reading ...............................................................
Education .............................................................
Tobacco products and smoking supplies ............
Miscellaneous ......................................................
Cash contributions ...............................................
2,182
1,953
485
141
648
308
750
1,258
2,084
1,854
479
169
729
304
985
1,007
2,292
2,220
482
162
689
374
701
1,541
2,194
1,652
467
101
483
316
605
1,206
2,129
2,241
521
159
798
230
833
1,258
Personal insurance and pensions .......................
Life and other personal insurance .....................
Pensions and Social Security ............................
3,737
410
3,326
3,770
405
3,366
3,853
474
3,379
3,385
418
2,967
4,149
335
3,815
1
Components of income and taxes are derived from "complete income reporters" only; see glossary.
Table 9. Occupation of reference person: Average annual expenditures and characteristics, Consumer Expenditure Survey, 2001
Wage and salary earners
Item
SelfTotal
Technical,
Operators,
Managers
Construction
employed
wage and
sales and Service
fabricators
and
workers and
workers
salary
clerical
and
workers
professionals
mechanics
earners
workers
laborers
Number of consumer units (in
thousands) ..................................
4,874
74,016
26,766
Consumer unit characteristics:
Income before taxes 1 ....................
Age of reference person .................
$53,465
51.2
$55,254
41.8
$77,657
43.3
Average number in consumer unit:
Persons ........................................
Children under 18 .........................
Persons 65 and over ....................
Earners .........................................
Vehicles ........................................
Percent homeowner .......................
2.6
.7
.3
1.7
2.3
79
2.7
.8
.1
1.7
2.1
63
2.6
.7
.1
1.7
2.2
74
Average annual expenditures ...........
Food ...............................................
Food at home ...............................
Cereals and bakery products .....
Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs ....
Dairy products ............................
Fruits and vegetables .................
Other food at home ....................
Food away from home ..................
$48,318
6,373
3,485
499
921
383
582
1,100
2,888
$43,822
5,784
3,211
466
858
344
532
1,011
2,573
$56,058
6,788
3,532
511
869
390
615
1,146
3,257
Alcoholic beverages .......................
Housing ..........................................
Shelter ..........................................
Owned dwellings ........................
Rented dwellings ........................
Other lodging ..............................
Utilities, fuels, and public services
Household operations ..................
Housekeeping supplies ................
Household furnishings and
equipment ...................................
Apparel and services ......................
423
14,669
8,489
5,905
1,806
778
3,130
841
635
400
14,339
8,544
5,600
2,411
533
2,868
741
536
496
18,818
11,391
8,239
2,245
907
3,235
1,189
681
350
13,150
7,859
4,777
2,704
378
2,694
614
508
1,574
1,855
1,651
2,038
2,323
2,530
Transportation ................................
Vehicle purchases (net outlay) .....
Gasoline and motor oil .................
Other vehicle expenses ................
Public transportation .....................
8,750
4,142
1,476
2,564
568
8,663
4,079
1,438
2,713
434
Health care .....................................
Entertainment .................................
Personal care products and
services ......................................
Reading ..........................................
Education .......................................
Tobacco products and smoking
supplies ......................................
Miscellaneous .................................
Cash contributions ..........................
3,021
2,674
Personal insurance and pensions ..
Life and other personal insurance
Pensions and Social Security .......
1
21,137
Retired
All other,
including
not
reporting
10,227
5,045
10,841
19,331
12,118
$46,839 $35,750
40.5
40.4
$47,580
41.3
$38,887
42.0
$24,637
73.0
$30,000
46.1
2.8
.9
.1
1.7
1.7
49
3.0
.9
.1
1.8
2.6
67
2.9
.9
.1
1.8
2.1
59
1.7
.1
1.2
.2
1.5
80
2.7
.8
.2
.7
1.6
57
$39,982 $32,515
5,443
4,804
3,052
2,828
455
414
833
785
319
304
492
476
953
849
2,391
1,976
$40,523
6,272
3,616
498
1,074
368
569
1,107
2,657
$33,672
4,814
2,948
423
849
313
450
913
1,866
$26,843
3,765
2,487
391
657
262
461
717
1,277
$29,838
4,479
3,071
439
869
340
526
897
1,408
326
10,606
6,229
3,362
2,632
235
2,503
401
450
475
12,347
6,874
4,470
2,096
309
2,854
441
514
304
10,138
5,814
3,328
2,187
299
2,650
343
354
208
8,921
4,649
3,113
1,180
357
2,425
517
439
228
10,754
6,195
3,784
2,099
312
2,549
466
398
1,475
2,012
1,023
1,724
1,665
1,700
977
1,408
891
863
1,145
1,301
10,109
4,476
1,571
3,370
692
8,072
3,955
1,310
2,461
346
6,823
3,201
1,240
2,100
282
8,781
4,301
1,727
2,509
244
7,941
4,064
1,414
2,263
199
4,587
2,014
793
1,458
321
5,751
2,797
1,006
1,699
250
1,880
2,172
2,302
2,916
1,799
1,955
1,359
1,420
1,799
1,928
1,528
1,589
3,430
1,267
1,697
1,420
538
186
628
522
146
782
633
224
1,150
558
123
720
404
85
451
411
105
414
362
78
479
398
139
146
372
94
639
298
1,074
2,028
340
815
1,248
247
1,171
1,871
318
655
948
384
605
745
544
635
1,192
478
529
792
161
569
1,501
353
516
626
5,802
574
5,228
4,693
430
4,263
6,803
623
6,180
3,879
333
3,546
2,780
292
2,488
3,919
310
3,608
3,232
328
2,904
888
392
497
1,611
255
1,355
2.5
.7
.1
1.7
1.9
58
Components of income and taxes are derived from "complete income reporters" only; see glossary.
Table 10. Education of reference person: Average annual expenditures and characteristics, Consumer Expenditure Survey, 2001
Less than college graduate
High
Less than
school
High
graduate Associate
high
school
with
school
degree
graduate
some
graduate
college
All
consumer
units
Total
Number of consumer units (in thousands)
110,339
81,679
17,117
31,866
22,992
Consumer unit characteristics:
Income before taxes 1 ............................
Age of reference person .........................
$47,507 $37,659
48.1
48.7
$24,390
55.4
$37,793
49.8
$41,045
43.5
2.5
.7
.3
1.3
1.9
63
2.6
.7
.5
1.1
1.5
57
2.6
.7
.4
1.3
2.0
68
2.4
.6
.2
1.4
1.9
59
$39,518 $33,552
5,321
4,832
3,086
2,945
452
428
828
828
332
310
522
479
952
900
2,235
1,887
$24,081
4,114
2,892
425
874
286
491
817
1,221
$33,041
4,750
2,956
433
844
313
465
900
1,794
$37,070
5,165
2,903
412
787
306
478
920
2,262
Item
Average number in consumer unit:
Persons ................................................
Children under 18 .................................
Persons 65 and over ............................
Earners .................................................
Vehicles ................................................
Percent homeowner ...............................
Average annual expenditures ...................
Food .......................................................
Food at home .......................................
Cereals and bakery products ..............
Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs .............
Dairy products ....................................
Fruits and vegetables .........................
Other food at home .............................
Food away from home ..........................
2.5
.7
.3
1.4
1.9
66
College graduate
9,704
Total
Master’s,
Bachelor’s
professional,
degree
doctorate
28,660
18,880
9,780
$52,395 $75,833
45.6
46.5
$70,137
45.1
$86,693
49.2
2.5
.6
.2
1.5
2.1
75
2.5
.6
.2
1.5
2.1
73
2.5
.6
.2
1.5
2.1
77
$43,610 $56,462
5,581
6,688
3,089
3,477
449
521
788
828
351
391
507
640
994
1,097
2,492
3,211
$53,678
6,319
3,342
506
795
379
597
1,065
2,977
$61,757
7,369
3,722
548
887
412
719
1,156
3,646
2.5
.7
.2
1.5
2.3
70
Alcoholic beverages ...............................
Housing ..................................................
Shelter ..................................................
Owned dwellings ................................
Rented dwellings ................................
Other lodging ......................................
Utilities, fuels, and public services ........
Household operations ...........................
Housekeeping supplies ........................
Household furnishings and equipment
Apparel and services ..............................
349
13,011
7,602
4,979
2,134
489
2,767
676
509
1,458
1,743
282
10,875
6,198
3,804
2,077
317
2,615
462
436
1,163
1,434
175
8,067
4,442
2,126
2,207
109
2,312
238
340
735
1,108
265
10,588
5,997
3,840
1,865
292
2,684
423
429
1,056
1,310
350
12,007
6,955
4,180
2,330
446
2,622
596
453
1,380
1,634
365
14,088
8,159
5,756
1,942
461
2,909
673
585
1,762
1,946
536
19,088
11,603
8,326
2,297
980
3,197
1,284
712
2,292
2,611
553
18,140
11,019
7,829
2,350
840
3,118
1,221
670
2,112
2,479
505
20,899
12,730
9,285
2,196
1,249
3,349
1,406
788
2,625
2,851
Transportation ........................................
Vehicle purchases (net outlay) .............
Gasoline and motor oil ..........................
Other vehicle expenses ........................
Public transportation .............................
7,633
3,579
1,279
2,375
400
6,885
3,382
1,208
2,055
240
4,659
2,271
929
1,309
150
7,129
3,562
1,243
2,112
212
7,350
3,550
1,253
2,244
303
8,905
4,348
1,482
2,730
344
9,763
4,141
1,482
3,287
854
9,834
4,398
1,468
3,225
744
9,622
3,646
1,509
3,403
1,065
Health care .............................................
Entertainment .........................................
Personal care products and services .....
Reading ..................................................
Education ................................................
Tobacco products and smoking supplies
Miscellaneous .........................................
Cash contributions ..................................
2,182
1,953
485
141
648
308
750
1,258
2,011
1,598
429
102
435
361
586
906
1,762
876
317
54
138
362
432
543
2,046
1,578
411
95
278
403
552
874
2,037
1,840
475
127
805
317
661
1,060
2,276
2,368
570
149
596
327
792
1,287
2,667
2,964
643
252
1,255
158
1,216
2,262
2,488
2,833
613
222
1,132
173
1,197
1,847
3,012
3,219
700
309
1,491
128
1,247
3,061
Personal insurance and pensions ..........
Life and other personal insurance ........
Pensions and Social Security ...............
3,737
410
3,326
2,817
322
2,495
1,474
194
1,280
2,761
330
2,431
3,242
364
2,878
4,360
423
3,938
6,359
663
5,696
5,848
591
5,258
7,345
802
6,543
1
Components of income and taxes are derived from "complete income reporters" only; see glossary.