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TABLE 40. Importance of design patents for companies with and without R&D activity, by industry and company size: 2011
(Percent)
With R&D activitya
All companies
Industry and company size
All industries
Manufacturing industries
Food
Beverage and tobacco products
Textile, apparel, and leather products
Wood products
Paper
Printing and related support activities
Petroleum and coal products
Chemicals
Basic chemicals
Resin, synthetic rubber, and artificial synthetic fibers
and filaments
Pesticide, fertilizer, and other agricultural chemical
Pharmaceuticals and medicines
Soap, cleaning compound, and toilet preparation
Paint, coating, adhesive, and other chemicals
Plastics and rubber products
Nonmetallic mineral products
Primary metals
Fabricated metal products
Machinery
Agricultural implement
Semiconductor machinery
Engine, turbine, and power transmission equipment
Other machinery
Computer and electronic products
Communications equipment
Semiconductor and other electronic components
Navigational, measuring, electromedical, and
control instruments
Without R&D activity
NAICS code
Very
important
Somewhat
important
Not
important
Very
important
Somewhat
important
Not
important
Very
important
Somewhat
important
Not
important
21–23, 31–33, 42–81
31–33
311
312
313–316
321
322
323
324
325
3251
1.9
6.0
3.2
2.8
9.1
0.9
5.6
2.0
2.9
8.0
3.8
3.4
9.4
4.8
7.1
9.6
2.2
12.5
5.5
7.5
13.7
36.7
94.7
84.6
91.9
90.0
81.3
96.9
81.9
92.5
89.6
78.3
59.6
14.5
16.4
4.2
8.4
16.1
8.2
18.2
12.5
4.4
8.7
6.3
16.0
21.7
9.6
7.8
13.0
12.6
18.5
15.0
9.1
17.6
46.8
69.5
61.8
86.2
83.7
70.9
79.2
63.3
72.5
86.6
73.7
46.9
1.3
3.0
3.0
2.1
7.8
0.4
2.3
1.5
D
7.2
D
2.8
5.9
3.6
7.0
8.9
1.5
10.9
5.0
D
8.8
D
95.9
91.1
93.3
90.8
83.3
98.1
86.8
93.5
92.4
84.0
76.9
3252
S
S
S
S
26.9
51.0
S
S
S
3253
3254
3256
3255, 3259
326
327
331
332
333
33311
333295
3336
other 333
334
3342
3344
3.7
12.2
6.5
5.7
9.0
2.4
3.8
3.2
10.1
16.7
7.4
13.1
9.7
10.5
9.1
9.0
4.1
15.0
5.5
7.3
8.3
6.9
14.0
7.5
15.7
25.2
11.3
20.8
15.2
17.5
29.4
13.5
92.1
72.7
88.1
87.0
82.7
90.7
82.2
89.3
74.2
58.1
81.3
66.0
75.1
72.0
61.5
77.5
4.8
12.2
6.0
6.9
17.0
12.2
10.8
19.8
21.9
24.3
15.2
18.3
22.1
15.2
11.7
14.5
4.2
14.2
7.8
8.9
20.2
11.4
22.1
18.6
26.4
35.8
27.3
35.0
25.3
26.7
43.0
21.5
90.9
73.6
86.2
84.2
62.8
76.4
67.1
61.6
51.7
39.9
57.5
46.8
52.6
58.1
45.3
64.1
2.7
D
7.4
4.7
5.5
1.4
2.2
1.1
3.6
9.9
D
7.6
3.2
4.4
S
4.3
4.1
D
D
6.0
3.0
6.4
12.1
6.2
9.8
S
D
5.7
9.9
5.6
S
6.6
93.2
70.9
D
89.3
91.4
92.2
85.7
92.7
86.6
74.2
D
86.7
86.9
90.1
S
89.1
3345
10.9
16.5
72.6
15.1
24.1
60.8
4.8
5.4
89.8
Electromedical, electrotherapeutic, and irradiation
apparatus
334510, 334517
19.8
12.0
68.2
32.8
19.9
47.3
0.0
0.0
100.0
Search, detection, navigation, guidance, aeronautical,
and nautical systems and instruments
Other measuring and controlling device
Other computer and electronic products
Electrical equipment, appliances, and components
Transportation equipment
Motor vehicles, bodies, trailers, and parts
334511
13.5
34.2
52.4
17.3
43.8
38.9
0.0
0.0
100.0
other 3345
other 334
335
336
3361, 3362, 3363
9.2
13.8
9.3
10.6
10.8
14.9
19.0
23.9
12.0
9.9
75.9
67.3
66.7
77.4
79.4
11.8
19.7
15.3
20.5
19.8
21.3
26.8
40.6
23.0
28.3
66.8
53.5
44.1
56.4
51.9
5.8
3.6
2.7
5.9
7.2
6.4
5.5
5.5
6.7
2.5
87.7
90.9
91.7
87.4
90.3
TABLE 40. Importance of design patents for companies with and without R&D activity, by industry and company size: 2011
(Percent)
With R&D activitya
All companies
Industry and company size
Aerospace products and parts
Aircraft, aircraft engine, and aircraft parts
Guided missile, space vehicle, and related parts
Military armored vehicle, tank, and tank component
Other transportation equipment
Furniture and related products
Miscellaneous manufacturing
Medical equipment and supplies
Other miscellaneous manufacturing
Nonmanufacturing industries
Mining, extraction, and support activities
Utilities
Wholesale trade
Electronic shopping and electronic auctions
Transportation and warehousing
Information
Publishing
Newspaper, periodical, book, and directory publishers
Software publishers
Telecommunications
Data processing, hosting, and related services
Other information
Finance and insurance
Real estate and rental and leasing
Lessors of nonfinancial intangible assets
(except copyrighted works)
Other real estate and rental and leasing
Professional, scientific, and technical services
Architectural, engineering, and related services
Computer systems design and related services
Scientific research and development services
Biotechnology research and development
Physical, engineering, and life sciences (except
biotechnology) research and development
Social sciences and humanities research
and development
Other professional, scientific, and technical services
Health care services
Other nonmanufacturing
Without R&D activity
NAICS code
Very
important
Somewhat
important
Not
important
Very
important
Somewhat
important
Not
important
Very
important
Somewhat
important
Not
important
3364
336411–13
336414–15, 336419
336992
other 336
337
339
3391
3399
21–23, 42–81
21
22
42
454111–12
48–49
51
511
5111
5112
517
518
other 51
52
53
7.5
7.4
10.3
D
12.3
6.4
10.6
9.6
11.2
1.5
2.1
7.1
5.4
3.0
0.0
4.8
5.5
2.7
11.4
1.0
12.4
2.3
0.1
0.2
9.8
9.1
S
D
18.8
3.8
11.2
14.8
8.9
2.8
1.7
2.3
6.3
4.7
0.8
7.3
9.5
6.5
16.0
5.7
9.7
4.5
0.9
0.0
82.7
83.5
60.3
D
68.9
89.8
78.2
75.6
79.9
95.6
96.2
90.6
88.3
92.3
99.1
87.9
85.0
90.8
72.6
93.2
77.9
93.2
99.1
99.8
12.6
12.3
17.6
D
27.9
21.1
25.0
18.0
30.7
13.3
16.8
57.3
20.4
11.4
6.9
11.5
9.8
0.0
11.7
4.5
20.4
6.6
0.7
2.1
20.1
20.2
17.6
D
15.1
20.5
24.0
32.2
17.3
12.1
17.3
13.5
15.2
23.0
11.3
12.8
14.4
7.4
15.8
11.8
12.4
9.9
13.9
1.6
67.4
67.5
64.7
76.4
57.0
58.4
51.0
49.8
52.0
74.7
66.0
29.1
64.4
65.5
81.8
75.7
75.8
92.6
72.5
83.7
67.2
83.6
85.5
96.3
3.5
3.6
S
0.0
3.7
5.1
4.5
5.2
4.0
1.2
1.4
0.0
4.4
1.8
D
2.6
3.6
2.9
10.3
0.6
5.8
1.6
0.0
0.2
D
D
D
D
20.8
2.3
5.9
5.8
5.9
2.6
1.0
0.7
5.7
2.3
D
5.5
7.4
6.4
17.0
4.9
7.4
3.5
0.2
0.0
D
D
D
D
75.5
92.5
89.7
88.9
90.1
96.2
97.6
99.3
89.9
95.9
99.2
91.9
89.0
90.7
72.8
94.5
86.8
94.9
99.8
99.8
533
0.8
1.1
98.1
17.9
20.1
62.0
0.0
D
D
other 53
54
5413
5415
5417
541711
0.2
3.7
7.0
6.3
12.8
11.8
0.0
5.7
3.8
10.6
18.2
12.8
99.8
90.6
89.2
83.1
69.0
75.4
1.1
15.2
18.1
9.0
14.5
12.1
D
15.4
18.2
18.5
19.6
13.0
D
69.5
63.7
72.5
65.9
75.0
0.2
2.3
5.5
4.7
S
S
0.0
4.5
1.8
5.9
S
S
99.8
93.1
92.7
89.4
81.8
S
541712
14.5
22.3
63.3
16.2
23.4
60.3
S
17.0
76.6
541720
D
D
97.5
0.0
5.8
94.2
D
0.0
D
other 54
621–23
23, 44–45 (excluding 454111–12),
55–56, 624, 71–72, 81
2.1
0.2
4.8
1.1
93.0
98.7
26.8
0.2
2.5
2.6
70.7
97.1
1.3
D
4.9
D
93.8
98.7
1.1
2.5
96.4
12.8
2.1
85.1
1.0
2.5
96.5
TABLE 40. Importance of design patents for companies with and without R&D activity, by industry and company size: 2011
(Percent)
With R&D activitya
All companies
Industry and company size
All companies (number of domestic employees)
Without R&D activity
NAICS code
Very
important
Somewhat
important
Not
important
Very
important
Somewhat
important
Not
important
Very
important
Somewhat
important
Not
important
–
1.9
3.4
94.7
14.5
16.0
69.5
1.3
2.8
95.9
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.1
1.3
1.7
1.7
1.0
2.2
2.8
2.6
2.6
2.7
2.7
2.3
2.8
6.3
6.2
95.9
96.0
96.1
96.2
96.0
96.0
95.4
92.7
91.6
1.1
3.2
2.3
2.7
10.4
2.0
4.5
2.6
3.5
16.4
97.0
92.3
95.1
93.8
73.2
Small companiesb
5–499
–
1.8
3.3
94.8
13.8
15.6
70.6
5–99
–
1.8
3.1
95.1
13.2
14.7
72.1
5–49
–
1.7
3.0
95.3
12.9
13.8
73.3
5–9
–
1.3
2.9
95.7
9.6
10.8
79.5
10–24
–
1.7
3.2
95.1
13.4
16.8
69.9
25–49
–
2.6
2.9
94.5
17.1
13.5
69.5
50–99
–
2.6
4.0
93.5
14.9
20.5
64.6
100–249
–
3.0
7.9
89.1
18.0
19.9
62.2
250–499
–
5.0
9.9
85.2
16.2
24.9
58.9
Medium and large companies
500–999
–
5.0
6.5
88.5
19.9
23.6
56.5
1,000–4,999
–
15.7
10.1
74.2
41.4
21.8
36.9
5,000–9,999
–
7.9
10.0
82.0
18.7
24.3
56.9
–
11.1
12.0
76.9
28.6
29.6
41.9
10,000–24,999
25,000 or more
–
20.7
24.6
54.7
29.7
31.6
38.7
D = data withheld to avoid disclosing operations of individual companies; S = data withheld as > 50% of the estimate is a combination of imputation and reweighting to account for nonresponse.
NAICS = 2007 North American Industry Classification System.
a
b
Statistics are representative of companies located in the United States that performed or funded R&D.
Upper bound based on U.S. Small Business Administration's definition of a small business; Business R&D and Innovation Survey does not include companies with fewer than five domestic employees.
NOTES: Industry classification based on dominant business code for domestic R&D performance where available. For companies that did not report business codes, classification used for sampling was assigned.
SOURCE: National Science Foundation/National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics and U.S. Census Bureau, Business R&D and Innovation Survey, 2011.