4 ENG 2D1 OUTLINE - COMPARATIVE ESSAY J,L Name: çaj-4 - TOPIC: Comparison of symbolism and themes in To Kill a Mockingbird and Mississippi Burning THESIS (specific point you are trying to prove): The film Mississippi-Burning and the no2lto Kill a Mc5ingbird are similar in their use of symboim of animals, flowers, and aggressors to convey the themes of innocea, pusityv and corryptitn, respectively. 4qAIN BODY PARAGRAPH #1 TOPIC (link back to thesis): Theme, comparing the from To Kill a Mockingbird and the mule from Mississippi Burning Evidence #1 from Ta Kill a Mockingbird (PoinuProofiAna)ysis): Point: - - • A - The shooting of a mockingbird is symbolic of destroying innocence and killing things that possess internal beauty that bringifo harm into the world The mockingbird is ugly on the otI&ide, but beautiful within, creating lovely music for everyone, unjike the irritating blue jays who only possess superficial, visual beauty Reveals the theme that it is wr6ig to punish good-natured people, such as many humans who are black, as a soletê&ilt of white prejudice Proof: “Hp4f1ed Tom’s death to the senseless slaughter of songbirds by huntefr (323) Analysis: Tom Robinson was an innocent man, who was killed as a result of the racism and hatred thatjjarãcterized society in Maycomb He was accused of being guilty of raping a white woman named Mayella Ewell; although this was unt2.most of the population of Maycomb assumed Robinson wasiiar due to their racial prejudice The life of this kind, innocent, good-natured man was lost due to the racism of Maycomb - - - Evidence #1 from Movie (PoinUProoflAnalysis) Point: - - - When Rupert Anderson was a young boy, a black man who lived down the street bought a mule His dad couldn’t afford7mule, and was so full of hatred and envy that he poisoned the muIe’$Qater The mule symbolizes lower status of black people, and the idea that something or some39.ini,ocent will have to pay the price to keep it that Reveals the theme thalpcism means keeping people oppressed, and in order to keep for th&tppression to prevail, innocent people and things will have to pay a price Proof: In an explanation of why he killed the mule, Rupert’s father told Rupert: “If you ain’t better than a n*****, who are you better than?” Analysis: The black man anIIe mule, both innocent creatures who represented the concept that a black man could be wealthy and get ahead in life, were punished becaust6uuIie racism in Mississippi Shows that raciyn-leads to slaughter and hatred, and the concept that black people’-6n never be above white people or else there will be consequerae( - - MAIN BODY PARAGRAPH #2 TOPIC: Theme, comparing the camellia flower from To Kill a Mockingbird and the trumpet pitcb6f from Mississippi Burning Evidence #2 from To Kill a Mockingbird (PoinUProoflComment): tint - - - The white camellia given to Jem by Mrs. Dubose was a symbol of respect, and a way of telling Jem thate forgave him The flower symbolizes cowage and purity, qualities that Mrs. Dubose is passing on to Jem through the camellia The flower symbolizes purity beptlse Mrs. Dubose was trying to free herself from her morphine addktion before she died, and wanted to become and pure and righteous being; she wanted Jem to grow up with the - same desire to bp corrupt, true to himself, and free from the contamination ot’society Reveals the theme that b3in a pure human means remaining true to oneself and not goinplong with the pessimistic views of society, such as the racism in Maycomb Proof: “He picked up the cam, and when I went off to bed I saw him fingering V the wide petals” (149). - - Comment: As Jem blossoifis into manhood, he begins to understand the difference between right and wrong Jem spending so much time thinkiug-about and holding the flower shows how much he is thinking about Mrs. Dubose’s message He is starting to unde2tand that to be a good person, he must rebel against racism - - - —‘ Evidence #2 from Movie (PointlProoflComment): Point: 3aimpet pitchers are flowers that are beautiful and white on the outside, tZbut are secretly deadly and carnivorous, killing any insects that land on - - them These flowers are fhbolic of many white people of Mississippi; they appeatso-calle&lSOaUtifUlöh the outside, bJita?ë ècretl malevolent and evil (the killing of th%nsects could even represent the white people who literally kill black 3eople) Flowers are a twist on the usual concept of beauty, and reveal the theme people who seems pure, graceful, and beautiful on the outside are horrible creatures within V Proof: Mrs. Pell’s father calls trumpet pitchers “ladies-from-hell”. In a conversation between Mrs. Pell and Rupert Anderson, they state: “That pretty colour’s the bait. Insects just home in there and wham, they’re dead...even before they got their shoes off.” V Comment: This is symbolic of the supposedly good and virtuous white people in consuming the blac5,pople whole before they even get a Mississippi chance to try anything to makVa difference in their lives Shows the levels of impurity anfl4ack of empathy of many white people in Mississippi - - ‘ci) MAIN BODY PARAGRAPH #3 TOPIC: Theme, comparing the rabid dog from To Kill a Mackingbird and the Ku Klux Klan from Mississippi Burning Evidence #3 from Ta Kill a Mockingbird (PoinUProof/Comment): Point: - - - - Atticus shoots a mad dog that is limping through the streets near his home, while everyone else turns to madness and fear to guide them The rabid dog symboliz-tfe madness and moral corruption that is taking place in Maycomb over the Tom Robinson case Atticus shooting the dog symbolizes that he is the only one who is willing to stand up to “Maycomh)-dual disease” to fight the racism, chaos, and narrow-mindedness Reveals the theme that racism com4ts people, and causes them to lose their rationality and humanity Proof: “I hope and pray that I can get Jem and Scout through it withoy( bitterness, and most of all, without catching Maycomb’s usual disease” (117). Comment: Afticus expresses how)fadly he does not want his children giving into the horrible prejudice a corruption of the town Atticus cannot stand the racism of Maycomb’s inhabitants and how they are not willing to change their stubborn mindset toward black people He is one of the few people who has not been corrupted and consumed by racism and hatred - - - Evidence #3 from Movie (PointlProoflcomment): Point: - The Ku Klux Klan is a racist white supremacy group in the 1960s who despite all people who are black ‘v% F, V - - - The KKK is a literal group, however they also symbolize how powerful racism and corruption are in the southern states The KKK as well as many other people in Mississippi can feel no empathy, and are consumed by their own negative thoughts toward black people The KKK reveals that theme that racism can become corruptive, addictive, and vicious, as well as a difficult habit to break%t1 Proof: When a young black boy is standing outside of his church praying, a KKK member kicks him to the ground, stating, “You already been told once, n*****. We don’t wanna have to tell you again.” Comment: The madness of the racism hows that there are no limits to the extensiveness of the violence of the KKK; they would threaten and kill black children if they wanted The KKK members are so blinded by hatred that they can’t even open there eyes to try to understand other people - :—1 - Conclusion: In spite of being two very different stories, the film Jylississippi Burning and the novel To kill a Mockingbird are similar in their usrof symbolism of animals, flowers, and aggressors to convey the themes ofjjjocence, purity, and IIULI I U IC II ltJt.RII IUIUII U OT IU LI IC II idie ale 1.1 CaLl1’ Ca LI iL ale ilacu tu convey the concept of innocence, and the idea that black people are not allowed to have any advantages over white people. In addition, the white camellia and the trumpet pitchers reveal what true purity is and why it is so important to stay true to oneself and stand up for-What is right. Finally, the rabid dog and the Ku Klux Klan are symbolic of how racism corrupts people and leads to madness. Mississippi Burning and To Kill a Mockingbird both tell incredibly important stories of racism, that wil[.nver be forgotten. Mississippi Burning and To kill a Mockingbird demonstrate how a belief system ingrained by group identity can unleash the darkest instincts of humanity. ia+L U I.) otut Lou SAMPLE ESSAY PARAGRAPH Thesis: The film Braveheart and the short story “Just Lather, That’s All” are similar with their characters’ integrity, life-threatening conflict, and themes that one should always fight for freedom. Sample Paragraph 1: Character (1) Comparing the Barber (from “Just Lather, That’s All) and William Wallace (from Bravehead) William Wallace from “Braveheart’ and The Barber from ‘Just Lather, That’s All” were both revolutionaries, fighting against a tyrannical power to find inner peace. Wallace grew up in a Scotland that was ruled by England and experienced the deception of the English forces as they lured his father and friends into a trap, so he refused to conform (become a slave) to such an oppressive system. ‘Slaves are made in such ways. The last time Longshanks spoke of peace I was a boy. And many Scottish nobles, who would not be slaves, were lured bThim under a flag of truce to a barn, where he had them hanged. I was very young, but I remember Longshanks’ notion of peace’ (Braveheart). Wallace mistrusted the English’s false promises and manipulation of the Scottish, so he devoted his life to resisting this system to find his own peace. Similarly, the Barber was a rebel who opposed Torres’ butcherous role enforcing the dictatorial South American government: “The day he ordered the whole town to file into the patio of the school to see the four rebels hanging there, I came face to face with him for an instant’ (14). Despite fear of life-threatening consequences, the Barber chooses rebellion, as he envisions a better life for his country’s citizens. Also, Wallace was a man of integrity, fighting for love and freedom in the face of grave danger: insert quotation here. then analysis. The Barber was also a man of integrity: his dignity was rooted in his professional commitment to his clients: “I perform my work honourably. .1 don’t want blood on my hands. Just lather, that’s all” He decided that he was a barber, not a murderer, and refused to lower himself to the despicable level of tyrannical Torres.
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