Europe - Cobb Learning

World Geography
Europe’s landforms also
include large plains and
mountain ranges.
Europe is composed of
many peninsulas and
Always near Water…
 Europe is a large peninsula of Asia
 also has its own smaller peninsulas: a “peninsula of peninsulas”
 most places are within 100 miles of the ocean or a sea
Europe’s Links
*Network of rivers brings
people, goods , and ideas
allows goods inland from
coastal harbors, aids
economic growth
Danube River
 The Danube is the 2nd longest river next to the Volga.
 It starts in Germany and runs east through 9 countries
across 1, 771 miles to the Black Sea.
 These and many other rivers connect Europeans. This encourages
trade and travel.
Rhine River
 Rivers have historically
acted as highways:
 Rhine runs 820 miles
through 4 countries:
Switzerland, France,
Germany, and the
Netherlands from the
interior to the North.
 Starts from the Swiss Alps
and runs to the North Sea.
 These and many other
rivers connect
Europeans, this
encourages trade and
Volga River
 The Volga is the longest
river in Western Europe.
It is 2, 293 miles long.
In ancient times it was
known as the Atil, Italy,
or Idil.
The Volga freezes for 3
months out of the year.
Roller Coasters?
English Channel
 The English Channel
has The Chunnel
connecting England to
 31 miles across, 20
minutes in a train and 2
hours in a car.
Chunnel under the Channel
Mediterranean Sea
 “Sea between Lands”
 an intercontinental
sea that stretches
from the Atlantic
Ocean on the west to
Asia on the east and
separates Europe
from Africa.
Ranges and
*33% of Europe is
suitable for agriculture;
world average only 11%
Europe’s Bounty: The Northern
European Plain
One of the most fertile
agricultural regions in world
flat agricultural land produces
vast quantities of food
 Curves across France, Belgium,
Netherlands, Denmark, Germany,
The Alps
 The Alps is Europe’s most famous mountain chain
 crosses France, Italy, Germany, Switzerland, Austria, Balkans
 cuts Italy off from rest of Europe
 the Swiss Alps make up most of Switzerland.
 The Rhine River divides the Alps into 2 main parts the Western and
Eastern Alps.
The Pyrenees Mountains
 Mountain chain of southwestern Europe that consists of
flat-topped massifs and folded linear ranges. The Pyrenees
form a high wall between France and Spain that has
played a significant role in the history of both countries
and of Europe as a whole.
 Pyrenees restrict movement from France to Spain and
The Ural Mountains
 Separates Europe from
 Mountain range forming a
rugged spine in westcentral Russia and the
major part of the boundary
between Europe and Asia.
Peninsula is a body of
land surrounded by
water on three sides.
Two major peninsulas
in Europe: The Iberian
and The Scandinavian
Iberian Peninsula
Iberian Peninsula: Home to Spain and Portugal
Madrid, Spain
Scandinavian Peninsula
The Scandinavian
Peninsula includes
Norway and Sweden
Surrounded by
Norwegian, North,
and Baltic Seas
Geirangerfjord, Norway
Italian Peninsula
 Italian Peninsula includes
Italy, extends into
Mediterranean Sea
 boot-shaped, with 4,700
miles of coastline
 Larger: Great Britain, Ireland, Iceland, Greenland in North
 Smaller: Corsica, Sardinia, Sicily, Crete in Mediterranean
Fueling Industrialization
 Major industrialized regions:
 Ruhr Valley, Germany;
parts of United Kingdom
 Coal and iron ore are needed
to create steel for
 found in Belgium,
Netherlands, France,
Germany, Poland
Coal train to Manchester,
 Oil, natural gas found
in North Sea in 1959;
offshore rigs in 1970s
 petroleum supplied
by Norway,
Netherlands, and