ENGL-4 Exam [E-0PZ3WB] Cause and Effect

Cause and Effect- Mrs. Dix
Exam not valid for Paper Pencil Test Sessions
[Exam ID:0PZ3WB
Directions: You do not need to read a passage to answer the question. Read and answer the question. Click on the
correct answers.
Read this paragraph. Bianca was as gloomy as the light rain that was falling. She turned away from the window feeling sorry for herself. The weatherman said the rain would be gone by now. What would she do if it were raining when people arrived for her birthday party? How could they have a cookout and a campfire for toasting marshmallows? Just as she was about to give up, the clouds blew away, and the August sun blazed to dry up the soggy ground. Bianca was suddenly happy again. Based on the paragraph, which of the following cause and effect charts are correct?
Directions: You do not need to read a passage to answer the question. Read and answer the question.
Read this paragraph. Kenny hurried to the breakfast table. He was so excited about the field trip his science class was taking to the museum. His teacher said they would be able to hold real dinosaur bones. He ate a bowl of his favorite cereal, drank a glass of orange juice, and hurried to the closet to get his winter coat. He opened the front door, and the bright white outdoors was a big surprise. It had snowed during the night! His mother was shoveling the sidewalk, and she frowned. “I’m sorry, Kenny. They canceled school today.” Which of the following sentences best complete the chart? A
It is cold outside.
Kenny cannot go on his field trip.
Kenny's mother is shoveling snow.
Kenny hurries to the breakfast table.
It snowed the night before.
Read the following passage and answer questions 3 through 3.
Finding Bacon 1 Toni hurried to her bedroom window to discover a large moving truck backing into the driveway of the house next door, and she skipped to the closet for a pair of shoes. Then, she rushed outside to look for the new neighbors because she hoped for a playmate near her own age. When she saw two children looking around their backyard, she grinned broadly. The older girl was fussing at her younger brother—a boy who seemed to be Toni’s age. 2 “Hello!” Toni called out as she sprinted to the edge of their backyard. The new neighbors were carefully searching through the bushes that were against their house. “My name is Toni. I live next door.” 3 “Hi,” the girl greeted warmly. She gently poked her fussy brother. “I’m Sarah, and this is my rude, little brother Parker. Say hello, Parker.” 4 “Hello,” Parker grumbled. Sarah poked him, but he ignored her. 5 “My brother has lost his horrible pet rat, and he’s afraid Bacon will become a neighborhood cat’s yummy dinner.” 6
“Don’t say that, Sarah!” Parker hissed from behind a shrub. “He’s lost and can’t find his way home.” 7
“What does your rat look like?” Toni asked politely. 8
“He’s gray with a cute patch of white on his chest. His tail is pink, his eyes are coal black, and he loves to eat bacon.” 9
“So you named him Bacon?” 10
“Yes,” Parker replied. He stood up and glared at his sister, who was retreating into the house. “My sister thinks rats are disgusting and creepy.” 11
“I heard that!” Sarah growled. “You two have fun crawling through bushes and dirt. Rats are the creepiest rodents on the planet, and I’m not searching for one—even if it is a pet!” 12
“My mom went to the grocery store to buy some bacon. When my rat smells it cooking, he will leave his hiding place for a snack.” 13
“Let’s go to my house and make a couple of posters to hang up in the neighborhood,” Toni suggested. “Then we can get some more kids to help us locate Bacon.” 14
After Parker’s dad gave permission, they rushed to Toni’s house to make the posters. The memo board in the kitchen had a big, yellow note for Toni. 15
“You have a sister, too?” Parker scowled. 16
“Yes, Marie is in high school this year. She acts grown up and stays on the phone all the time.” 17
Toni and Parker designed one sign and began another when they suddenly noticed a scratching noise in Toni’s closet. They both stopped writing and listened closely to the sounds. Parker tip-toed to the closet and looked inside, then waved to Toni so she could sneak over to see what he was viewing. A large, silky gray rat was building a nest inside an empty shoebox. So far, Bacon had shredded a new box of tissues for a soft cozy bed. Parker eagerly bent over to pick up his prized rat, but suddenly Bacon scampered wildly from the bedroom and scooted down the hall. 18
“Quick! He’s getting away!” Toni declared. Toni and Parker scrambled to the kitchen just in time to hear Marie’s terrified screams. It was hard not to laugh when they saw Marie, horrified, standing on the kitchen counter with two strips of limp bacon in her hands. 19
“Help! There’s a giant rat attacking me!” Marie shrieked. 20
“It’s just Bacon,” Toni laughed. Parker picked up his precious pet rat, glad to finally find him safe and sound. Marie climbed down and ran to her room, probably to call her friends. Toni took a piece of bacon and offered it to Bacon. “I like happy endings,” she giggled. 3
Look at this chart. Which of the following sentences best complete the chart?
A Marie screams when she sees the rat.
B Bacon is ready to go home.
C Marie is eating strips of bacon.
D Bacon needs more tissue for his nest.
Read the following passage and answer questions 4 through 4.
Between Berries and Acorns 1 Jordan and Colby were excited about their day hike along the part of the Appalachian Trail that crossed their Uncle Joe’s land. It was a family tradition to hike through the woods to a clearing that overlooked the beautiful ridges and valleys of Southwest Virginia. 2 “I can’t wait to see White Top Mountain from Uncle Joe’s new tree house. He says he can see deer, eagles, and bears without scaring them off. We sure are lucky to have an uncle who studies habitats,” Jordan said. 3 “Did you remember to pack our snacks and drinks? Mom says we are going to get lots of exercise before lunch.” Colby’s stomach growled loudly because he did not eat much breakfast. Now he wished he had eaten more. 4 Uncle Joe was waiting for them on the back porch. He was pulling off his hiking boots when they came around the side of the house. The boys dropped their backpacks at the bottom of the steps and hurried to the old wooden porch swing they always sat on. 5 “Boys, the forest rangers have spotted five bears in the area. I had to put up the warning signs and close this part of the trail.” 6
“Can’t we go to your tree house anyway? Bears can’t find us if we are up in the tree.” Colby felt gloomy and hoped the tree house wasn’t off limits. 7
“I’m afraid not, Colby. People need to be more bear aware. Bears can find us even if we are in the tree house partly because you have food in your backpacks. Right now bears are so hungry they are coming down from the high mountains in search of easy food.” 8
“What’s easy food?” Jordan asked curiously. He thought of fast food and school lunches, but he knew Uncle Joe was talking about something else. 9
“Easy food is food that humans leave in the open. Hungry bears look for picnic areas and sometimes go through trash cans outside homes. There have been a lot of bears in our area because it’s the in-between season,” Uncle Joe explained. “The berries are gone, and the acorns in the high mountains are not ripe yet.” 10
“If the bears are down here, how will they know when the acorns are ripe?” Jordan asked. 11
“Good question!” Uncle Joe grinned. “They can smell them. When the wind blows down the ridge, the bears can smell the delicious acorns. Then the bears migrate back to the mountains because they don’t need the food humans leave around.” 12
“I would not migrate anywhere for acorns,” Colby frowned. “What are we going to do since we can’t go hiking on the trail?” 13
“We could split some firewood and get ready for winter,” Uncle Joe suggested, “and then eat some pizza in town.” 14
“Get ready to hibernate like the bears!” Jordan laughed. “I wonder if we will have lots of snow this winter.” 15
“There are signs of a bad winter,” Uncle Joe sighed. 16
“Signs like the ones you hung on the trail?” Colby asked. 17
“Signs from nature,” Uncle Joe laughed. “We can talk about that while we split some wood.” 18
After the wood was split, Uncle Joe drove them to town. When they parked at the pizza place, they could not believe their eyes. Two adult black bears were in the giant blue trash dumpster behind the restaurant. Uncle Joe called someone to report the bears and then got out of his truck to talk to the people who were taking pictures. 19
“Those people are not very bear aware, are they?” Jordan said to Colby. 20
“No, but Uncle Joe will change that,” Colby smiled. Directions: Click and drag the correct answer to the box.
Complete this cause-and-effect chart.
Bears have been seen on the trail.
Directions: You do not need to read a passage to answer the question. Read and answer the question.
Read this paragraph. Flash floods that happen in towns and cities are called urban flooding. That is because urban streets and parking lots cannot soak up the heavy rainfall. The rain runs downhill and then creates deep pools of water that stand in the roads. Urban flooding can be dangerous if the storm drains are full and cause water to churn. The water can cause drivers to lose control of their cars. Which of the following statements best complete the chart? A
Flash floods that happen in towns and cities are called urban flooding.
Urban flooding can be dangerous if the storm drains are full.
The water can cause drivers to lose control of their cars.
Urban streets and parking lots cannot soak up the heavy rainfall.
Urban flooding can cause water to churn.
Read the following passage and answer questions 6 through 8.
It's a Wild World 1
The animal sits on a rock, sniffing the air for danger. The cold wind whips across the bare landscape, moving the thick fur on its back. The creature’s sharp eyes search the skies above. There may be a hawk or eagle that could fly down at any moment. Every muscle is tight, ready to run for cover. When it decides the coast is clear, it begins to search for food. Finding a bite, it stuffs food into its mouth. It does not eat it then, however. It will take it back to its den to save for a cold winter day. Suddenly, the animal freezes. What was that noise? Its twitching nose picks up the odor of an enemy: another of its own kind. Angry, it dashes toward the stranger, teeth flashing as it prepares to fight. 2
What animal could it be? Perhaps a grizzly bear, or a mountain lion. Or maybe… a hamster? It may be hard to picture those cuddly balls of fuzz at the pet store as fighters, but wild hamsters live a very different life from those that are pets. 3
Pet hamsters live an easy life. They are safe from danger in their cages. No hunting for them! Their food is given to them. They have lots of time to sleep, play, and run on exercise wheels. 4
Wild hamsters live in dry areas. They may live on rocky mountain slopes or on farmland. They’re not found in America. They live in an area that ranges from Europe, across Russia, and into China. 5
There are several different kinds of wild hamsters. All have small, rounded bodies, short legs, large ears, and long whiskers. Most have cheek pouches they can stuff food into. These pouches are loose folds of skin inside their mouths. They can hold a lot of food. 6
Perhaps you’ve seen pet hamsters stuffing sunflower seeds into their cheeks. They look quite funny. Their cheeks bulge like two balloons as they shove seed after seed into their mouths. While it might look comical to us, this trick helps wild hamsters survive. It allows hamsters to carry large amounts of food back to their underground dens. They save it for times when there is little food to be found. A hamster’s den may have several storage rooms for food. One type of hamster often saves up nearly two hundred pounds of food! 7
Wild hamsters live alone. They are unfriendly to other hamsters. They will fight to keep them away from their patch of land. 8
A hamster’s world is full of danger. Animals such as weasels and hawks see hamsters as a tasty meal. In some places, farmers work to get rid of them. That is because the hamsters see the farmers’ crops as a tasty meal! The next time you see a pet hamster stuffing its cheeks with seeds, tell it how lucky it is. Directions: Click and drag the correct answer to the box.
Complete this cause-and-effect chart.
Farmers want to get rid of the hamsters.
Directions: Click and drag the correct answer to the box.
Complete the cause-and-effect chart.
Hamsters have pouches in their mouths.
Directions: Click and drag the correct answer to the box.
Complete this cause-and-effect chart.
Hamsters have many predators.
Read the following passage and answer questions 9 through 9.
Read this diagram. Based on the flier, what belongs in the empty space?
A Campers will eat three times a day.
B Campers will enjoy the other activities offered.
C Campers will become fit and healthy.
Campers will want to know more about the human D
Read the following passage and answer questions 10 through 10.
Penguins Penguins on a Map 1
Penguins are unique because they cannot fly like most other birds. Penguins that live in the wild all live in the Southern Hemisphere, which means they all live south of the Equator. Their homes are close to water because they eat fish. Penguins are excellent swimmers. They use their flipper wings to help them swim. Penguins can’t swim underwater forever because they have to come to the surface to breathe. 2
Another unusual characteristic of penguins is that they return to the same place every year to lay their eggs. Male and female penguins take turns keeping the eggs warm until they hatch. When the chicks are first born, the adult penguins help protect them from seals that like to eat them. Penguin Feathers 3 Baby penguins look very different from adult penguins. They are born with fuzzy feathers that look almost like gray fur. When the penguins go through their first molt, their adult feathers begin growing and cause the baby feathers to fall out. The adult feathers overlap each other so that they form a smooth, waterproof surface. The feathers look shiny, almost like a seal’s skin. The smooth feathers help the penguin cut through the water more easily when it is swimming. Once the adult feathers come in, young penguins are ready to swim and catch their own fish. Penguins Large and Small 4 There are many different kinds of penguins, and they come in all sizes. Fairy penguins grow to 16 inches tall. Emperor penguins are the largest, reaching 45 inches in height. Smaller kinds of penguins live where it is warmer, and larger ones usually live where it is colder. One of the things that keeps penguins warm is a layer of blubber, or fat, under their skin. The larger penguins have a thicker layer of blubber and can survive in colder areas. Penguin Colors 5 The most unusual looking penguins are the crested penguins. These penguins have feathers that spike out on top of their heads. Sometimes the feathers are colored. The macaroni penguin has orange and yellow feathers on its head. Cody, from the movie Surf’s Up, was a macaroni penguin. Other kinds of penguins have stripes or unique tails. Penguins are very special birds. 10 What causes the baby penguins' first feathers to fall out?
A The blubber that expands under their skin
B The growth of their adult feathers
C A sickness that only affects young penguins
D The warm weather below the Equator
Read the following passage and answer questions 11 through 12.
The Game of Graces History of Graces 1 The game of Graces was invented in France in the early 1800s. It became a popular game for girls. The game was designed to teach girls how to be graceful while wearing long dresses or skirts. Boys rarely played the game unless the other player was a girl in the family. Two boys never played the game. People thought boys should play marbles or other games. 2 The enjoyment of the game of Graces faded by the end of the 1800s. The invention of the zipper changed the way people dressed. More modern clothing made it easier for young people to play and work. The bicycle and typewriter inventions were also introduced. These new inventions gained much attention. The game of Graces became even more unpopular. 3 In the 1980s the game became popular again. People were interested in history and old games. Today, both boys and girls enjoy the game of Graces. Many historic homes teach young people how to play the game. Many schools are teaching the game to help students have better balance when playing and walking. To improve your health, you should play the game of Graces, too. What You Need 4 wooden wands 2 solid wooden hoops with ribbons braided around them and ribbons braided and tied aroudn them like streamers • 2 players • A field or flat land to play on •
How to Play 4 Two beginner players hold two wands each and use one hoop. Players stand at least fifteen feet apart. One player places the hoop over the two wands so that it is more than halfway down. Cross the wands so that the hoop is below the crossed wands. 5
Pull the two wands away from each other and uncross them. The hoop will fly off the end of the wands toward the other player. The wands should point just above the other player so the hoops gain height. The other player has to catch the hoop and toss it back using the same method. 6
When players are more skilled, they can stand farther apart. After plenty of practice, the game can be even more fun. Players can try playing the game with two hoops. Each player places a hoop on the crossed wands. Then they toss their hoops to each other. If the hoops crash into each other, one player should aim higher into the air than the other. The first player to catch a hoop ten times wins the game. 11 Directions: Click on the correct answers.
Based on the passage, what are the reasons why children stopped playing the game of Graces?
Clothing styles changed.
Only two people at a time can play.
The game pieces were made of wood.
Bicycles and typewriters became popular.
The zipper was invented.
12 Directions: Click and drag the correct answer to the box.
Complete this cause-and-effect chart.
Inventions changed how people lived.
Read the following passage and answer questions 13 through 14.
Cold Cash 1 It was Friday morning and Jamal was in a rush to get ready for school. Grabbing his backpack from under his bed, he headed for the door. He paused by his dresser, however, and picked up the tennis ball can he’d been using as a bank. It was heavy with coins, and they made a dull clinking sound as he popped the lid open. Jamal hadn’t bothered to count how much money was in his bank lately, but he was pretty certain he had nearly reached his goal—
enough money to purchase a new soccer ball. 2 He stuffed his hand into the narrow opening and pulled out a couple of dollar bills and put them into the pocket of his jeans. He probably wouldn’t spend them today, but he felt it was always nice to have a little money on him. After all, you never know what might come up. He was glad he had it later, because he was so hungry on the way home from school that he stopped at the corner store to buy a package of sunflower seeds and a bottle of orange juice. 3
That evening, he decided to see exactly how much money was in the bank, so he tipped the coins out onto the bed. Pennies, nickels, dimes, and quarters spilled out in a shower of silver and copper. Mixed in with the coins was a single, wrinkled dollar. Was that all? He stared inside the can, but it was empty. When he counted it all up, it came to five dollars and thirty-eight cents. Jamal’s face broke into a scowl. How could that be? He’d been saving for months! 4
He shook his head and chuckled. He must have counted wrong! But when he added up the coins and bills again, he saw he’d been correct the first time. His face fell. At this rate, it would take him years to save up enough money! 5
He flopped back onto his pillow, groaning. 6
Mom appeared in the doorway. “What’s wrong, Jamal?” she asked. 7
Jamal pointed to the pile of money. “I’ve been saving forever and I haven’t even got six dollars!” Suddenly, he gasped. His head snapped forward and he stared at Mom with wide eyes. “I’ll bet we got robbed!” 8
Mom sighed. “Jamal, if we’d gotten robbed, don’t you think they would have taken ALL your money?” 9
Jamal frowned and shrugged, but he knew she was right. They hadn’t been robbed; he’d just been spending his money too fast. He hung his head and mumbled, “I guess I’m just not good at saving money. I have no will power.” 10
Mom smiled sadly. “Don’t feel bad, Jamal. Saving money is hard for lots of people.” She sat down next to him. “When they’ve got a little pile of money sitting there, it is very easy to dip into now and then. But if they dip into it too many times, it disappears.” 11
Jamal sighed. “So what should I do? I try not to take money out of my bank, but sometimes… I can’t help it!” he cried. 12
Mom shrugged. “One problem is that it’s right there in front of you. Maybe you should put it someplace where you can’t get to it so easily.” 13
The next day, Jamal tried to find a good place to keep his bank. In his closet? No, that was too easy to get into. An attic would be a good place, he thought. “Too bad there’s no attic in our apartment,” he sighed. 14
Suddenly, an idea came to him. He scooped all his money into a zip top bag and marched into the kitchen. He grinned at Mom, but didn’t say a word. She watched curiously as Jamal sealed the bag with tape and placed it in a plastic dish. Mom’s mouth dropped open when Jamal filled the dish with water and placed it in the freezer. 15
“Wonderful!” laughed Mom. 16
Jamal smiled proudly. “Yes, there’s nothing like a little cold cash!” 13 Directions: Click and drag the correct answer to the box.
Complete this cause-and-effect chart.
Jamal spends his money on snacks. his money on snacks. his money on snacks.
14 Directions: Click on the correct answers.
Complete this cause-and-effect chart.
He uses some of his money for snacks.
Read the following passage and answer questions 15 through 15.
Blanton Elementary School Monticello Field Trip It is almost time for our fourth grade field trip to Charlottesville, Virginia. We are excited about Friday’s bus ride to Monticello, the home of Thomas Jefferson. It will be a very long day, so we want to remind everyone: • Be at school by 6:30 am. The bus leaves at 6:45 am. Do not be late! • Wear comfortable shoes. We will be doing a lot of walking. • Bring a hooded jacket in case it rains. • Leave your toys at home! Do not bring cell phones, mp3 players, games, or toys. There is nowhere to lock them up. • Do not bring a lot of money for souvenirs. There is nowhere to store them. We cannot lock the bus. What We’ve Learned We had some “field trips” in our classroom this year. In October, guests from Jamestown taught us about the first English settlement. They told true stories and brought helmets and other artifacts for us to see. In November, Mr. West came to our school. He shared stories about Virginia during the Civil War. In March, a Colonial Williamsburg teacher taught us about colonial life. A Taste of the 18th Century Michie Tavern opened in 1782. The owner moved the building in 1923. She hoped visitors on their way to Jefferson’s home would stop for dinner and maybe spend the night. Today, the historic inn has modern travelers. For our visit, we will eat lunch first. Then, we will tour the inn and play colonial games at the tavern. About Monticello Monticello was designed and built by Thomas Jefferson. In 1772, he moved into his home. He made his plantation more modern. He created a village called Mulberry Row near his home. Skilled laborers like blacksmiths, weavers, and carpenters lived there. Servants and slaves lived there, too. Jefferson is buried at Monticello Cemetery. We will tour the house and gardens first. Then, we will visit Mulberry Row and the cemetery. If we have time, we will also visit the museum gift shop.
Field Trip Schedule If we are going to be later than 8:00 pm, the PTA phone tree will call parents. Please make sure the school office has your updated telephone number. Mrs. Sharrett will provide her cell phone number for emergencies.
15 Directions: Click and drag the correct answer to the box.
Based on the handout, complete this cause-and-effect chart.
Michie Tavern was moved to a different location.
Read the following passage and answer questions 16 through 16.
The Sun 1
The sun is the nearest and largest star to our planet. In fact, it is our most important star. For thousands of years people have been fascinated by it. The ancient Greeks called it Helios. The Romans called it Sol. No matter the language, we know that the sun is important to the survival of all life on our planet. Size, Distance, and Composition 2 The sun is very old. It is about 864 thousand miles wide. Wow! That means you could fit earth across its surface 109 times! It weighs about 330 thousand times more than earth. It is about 93 million miles from us. Light from the sun is eight minutes old when it reaches the earth. 3
The sun is made of hot, glowing gases. It is made mostly of hydrogen and helium. Fusion creates the sun’s heat and light. Fusion changes hydrogen into helium. The sun is about 10 million degrees Fahrenheit at its surface. Its core is more than 28 million degrees Fahrenheit. That is hot enough to burn you to a crisp in seconds! Layers and Atmosphere 4 Like the earth, the sun has layers. The layers are the core, radiation zone, convection zone, and atmosphere. The core is made of hydrogen and helium. The sun’s atmosphere is made of three layers. The photosphere is what we see when we view the sun. The chromosphere is orange-red. The corona is the outer layer of the sun’s atmosphere. Solar Flares, Prominences, and Sunspots 5 Solar flares are explosions on the sun. They create heat and light. Solar flares can disrupt satellites and power grids on earth. Prominences are arches of gases. They stretch out from the sun. Sunspots are cooler areas. They appear dark. The number of sunspots varies. Center or Not? 6 People once thought the sun orbited the earth. Crazy? A Greek astronomer named Aristotle believed it. Roman astronomer Ptolemy believed it, too. He created a model to show it. His model was called the geocentric, or earthcentered, model. 7 Not everyone agreed with them. Polish astronomer Copernicus believed the earth orbited the sun. His model was called the heliocentric, or sun-centered, model. Italian astronomer Galileo used his telescope to prove Copernicus was right. 8
The earth does orbit the sun. The sun is the center of our solar system. The sun’s gravity keeps all of the planets in orbit. It provides heat to the earth. Its light supports all life on earth. 16 Look at this chart. Based on the article, which sentence best completes the chart?
A A solar flare explodes on the sun.
B The earth and the sun both have layers.
C The sun is mostly made of hydrogen and helium.
D The sun has been around for a long time.
Read the following passage and answer questions 17 through 19.
Working Together 1 It was the last day of summer camp. The camp director planned a day of games. One of the games played was “Capture the Flag.” The idea was to retrieve the team’s flag from the opposing team’s area without getting tagged. The teams were already divided, and all the campers were ready to start. 2 “Let the game begin!” Mrs. Wright, the camp director, shouted out to both teams. 3 Anna, Mary, Tammy, and Rosa had a plan. They were going to work together to get to the other side without being seen. Since the camp was on a large piece of land, there were many places to hide and buildings to sneak around. Despite their plan, Tammy rushed past them and got to the flag first. The girls really wanted to work together. Instead, Tammy bolted off and crossed the line before getting tagged by anyone. 4 “That was easy. Aren’t you glad I am on your team?” bragged Tammy as she took a drink of water. “I can teach you how to dodge the other players so you can make it across the line next time,” she added. Anna’s smile quickly turned into a frown. 5
All of the campers were ready to start round two of the game. When Mrs. Wright blew the whistle, everyone scrambled and dashed to the other side to grab the flag. Anna, Mary, and Rosa attempted their plan without Tammy this time. Once again, Tammy grabbed the flag. She zoomed by Anna like a cheetah. There was no doubt that Tammy was fast and quick, but the other players wanted to have a chance to bring the flag over the line as well. 6
After Tammy made it across the line, she was very proud of herself. She didn’t seem to care that others were frustrated at her for hogging the flag. “My team has two and your team has zero,” Tammy boasted to a player on the other team. 7
Anna, Mary, and Rosa weren’t surprised that Tammy was acting the way she was. Last year at camp, Tammy had to win every game. She never tried to work with her team. All four of them had been friends for a long time, but they didn’t like being around Tammy when she was like this. 8
There was enough time to play a third round of the game. The campers were off and both teams were determined to get their flag quickly. Of course, Tammy tried to get the flag before anyone else on her team could get to it. Except this time, Anna got to the flag at the same time. Tammy was not about to let someone else carry the flag over the line. She quickly grabbed the flag. Then, she decided to run to the other side over the hill. 9
Anna was annoyed at Tammy’s selfish actions. “We’re on the same team, Tammy,” Anna said as Tammy left with the flag. “I wish you would give someone else a chance to get the flag.” 10
Suddenly, Anna heard a loud screech. She started to walk toward the noise. As she reached the peak of the small hill, a large group of concerned campers were huddled around someone. When she got close enough, she could see that it was Tammy. As she approached Tammy, she could see that Tammy’s ankle was hurt and starting to swell up like a balloon. Tears were streaming down Tammy’s cheeks. Anna knew that she needed to see the nurse quickly. 11
“Mary and Rosa, come here!” Anna yelled as she waved over the girls to help her. 12
All three of the girls worked together to lift Tammy to her feet. Carefully, they supported Tammy as she limped to the nurse’s station. 13
“Tammy, what happened?” asked Mrs. Wright as she approached the girls. 14
“I twisted my ankle, and I have no one to blame but myself.” Tammy replied as she sat on the bed in the nurse’s station. Then Tammy added, “I wish that I wasn’t so greedy with the flag. I need to apologize to my team, Mrs. Wright.” Tammy lowered her head and wiped the tears from her eyes. 15
“Well, you have some really good friends,” Mrs. Wright said while smiling at Anna, Mary, and Rosa. 16
“Yes, I do! I have good friends that are great teammates,” Tammy said as she started to grin. 17 How did Tammy get to the nurse's station?
A Mrs. Wright helped Tammy walk there.
B Tammy's mom took her.
C Mary, Rosa, and Anna helped Tammy walk there.
D Tammy walked there herself.
18 Anna, Mary, and Rosa are NOT surprised by Tammy's actions because Tammy —
A has acted the same way in the past
B has never been to summer camp before
C has told the girls how she is
D is always getting hurt
19 Look at this diagram. Which event from the story most likely belongs in the empty space?
A Anna lets Tammy know how she feels.
Tammy does not give Anna the opportunity to get B
the flag.
C Anna reaches the flag at the same time as Tammy.
D Tammy scores all of the points for her team.
Read the following passage and answer questions 20 through 20.
Backyard Wilderness 1 On the weekends, Judson liked to spend time in the forest. He liked staring up at the canopy of trees. He collected moss and identified animal tracks. He tasted the wild berries he knew were safe to eat. He wanted to learn wilderness skills. Most of all, he dreamed of becoming a real woodsman. He told his friends, "With enough training, I will be able to live a week, a whole month, or a year in the woods." 2 For his eighth birthday, Judson's father bought him a weatherproof nylon tent for camping. Judson set it up in the cool, shadowy area at the edge of the forest. When night fell, he made a campfire. He started it using dry grasses for tinder. Though he could see the lights of his home glowing through the trees, he pretended he was in the wilderness. He used the stars in the night sky to navigate as he walked through the woods. He kept his eyes on the North Star to find the path back to his campsite. 3 Each morning he foraged in the woods for breakfast. He picked cattails from the bank of the pond, peeled off their young leaves, and ate their stems. He gathered dandelion flowers to munch. They reminded him of mushrooms that were pan-fried with flour and seasoned with salt and pepper. He purified stream water by boiling it over the fire. As he worked, he imagined himself living in the woods and hunting for wild turkeys. He imagined himself in handsewn buckskin pants and coats. 4
Judson hoped to find a wild, untouched place someday. He thought about the pioneers from long ago who settled the land out west. They had explored an endless landscape and lived off the land. They were true woodsmen. 5
Sometimes Judson climbed the boughs of the tall trees behind his house. He looked out at the sky and imagined being in a far-off place surrounded by the wilderness. Sometimes, he didn’t even notice the pitched roofs of the houses beyond his. The busy highway, a two-lane road, and the tall steeple of the church that were before him seemed to vanish. High in the tree, Judson could hear the wind rustling the tree leaves and the distant “caw, caw” of a crow. He knew that someday he would be a woodsman. Someday, there would be only wilderness beyond the tall trees. 20 What caused the water to become purified in paragraph 3?
A Adding salt to it
B Boiling it
C Pan-frying it
D Pouring it on fire
Read the following passage and answer questions 21 through 22.
Mr. Badger 1 Mr. Badger loved to run. He ran every day. He ran over hills. He ran under trees. He ran forwards and backwards. “Running is fun!” said Mr. Badger. 2 Running made Mr. Badger hungry. It made him very, very hungry. “It’s time for me to find some food and pig out!” he said to his friends, Bird and Jackal. 3 “Out of my way, Bird,” he shouted as his friend flapped her wings and rose into the air. 4 Jackal was happy to hear the news. He did not like to hunt. He was afraid of the buzzing bees and scary snakes in the woods. But, Mr. Badger never felt afraid. He was known as the most fearless animal in all of the animal kingdom. Jackal followed Mr. Badger. 5 “What delicious treats!” Mr. Badger said as he climbed a tree. Angry bees buzzed all around him. He loved to eat the honey and the wax he found in beehives. 6 Jackal watched a bee sting his friend. Mr. Badger did not mind at all! He just kept eating. “Nothing can stop my friend, the silly badger,” shouted Jackal. Mr. Badger handed some of the sweet, sticky snack to Jackal. 7
When the hive was empty, Mr. Badger climbed down the trunk of the tree. Before he reached the ground, he spotted a cobra. It slithered slowly across the sand. “What a delicious treat!” Mr. Badger said as he chased it. 8
Mr. Badger reached out and grabbed the snake. The snake did not want to be caught. It bit Mr. Badger’s paw. 9
“Uh, oh!” shouted Jackal. “My friend is hurt!” 10
Mr. Badger sat down. He closed his eyes. Jackal watched his friend, but he was not worried. “Nothing can stop my friend, the silly badger,” he said. 11
Suddenly, Mr. Badger jumped up. “Time for dinner!” he shouted. “Let’s go find something else for you and me to eat!” 12
“You’re a silly badger,” said Jackal. “You’re also a great friend.” 21 What causes Mr. Badger to become hungry?
A He sees a beehive.
B He forgets his lunch.
C He is bitten by a snake.
D He is running.
22 Look at the chart. What belongs in the empty box?
A Mr. Badger is bitten by a snake.
B Mr. Badger shares honey with Jackal.
C Mr. Badger reaches into a hive.
D Mr. Badger is hungry.
Read the following passage and answer questions 23 through 23.
The Story of Paul Bunyan 1 Paul Bunyan was born in Maine. He was very big when he was born. It took five giant storks to deliver him to his parents. 2 When he was a week old, Paul Bunyan could fit into his father's clothes. When he was a month old, his mother had to make his clothes using wagon wheels for the buttons. 3 As a baby, Paul Bunyan cried loudly. He was so loud that he scared all the fish out of the rivers and streams. The frogs had to start wearing earmuffs. They were worried they would become deaf when Paul screamed for his food. Paul’s parents had to milk twenty cows each morning and night to keep his milk bottle full. His mother fed him forty bowls of porridge each day for breakfast. If he got hungry, his stomach would rumble. The rumbling shook all the pictures off the walls of the house. 4 Instead of a stroller, Paul’s parents took him out for a walk in a lumber wagon. It had to be pulled by a team of strong oxen. 5
One day, Paul Bunyan rolled over while he was sleeping. He rolled into the next town and knocked all the trees down. “What are we going to do about this?” his parents cried. 6
Paul's parents decided that Maine was just too small for their baby. The family packed up and moved to the wide-open state of Minnesota. 23 Why do Paul's parents decide to move?
A They do not like it there.
B There is not enough room for Paul.
C They are asked to leave.
D Thier house is ruined by Paul.
Read the following passage and answer questions 24 through 24.
I’d Mark with the Sunshine 1. If I were a teacher, 2. I wouldn’t mark in red, 3. Because, red reminds me of fire engines that 4. Rush to fight blazes 5. So hot you could 6. Die in them, 7. And stop signs that 8. Warn you of danger. 9. If I were a teacher 10. I’d mark in yellow 11. For corn muffins, 12. Mustard on a fat hot dog, 13. Gardens of dandelions, 14. And sunbeams that 15. Dance on daffodils. 16. If I were a teacher, 17. I’d throw out 18. My stop pen, 19. And I’d mark with 20. The sunshine itself! 21. To give light to an A, 22. Warmth to a C, 23. And hope to an F.
24 According to the poem, what can cause a person to die?
A Sunshine
B Fire engines
C Teachers
D Fires