By the mid-1920s, which of the following was true

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1. By the mid-1920s, which of the following was true concerning the use of electricity?
a. Most Americans resisted new-fangled appliances.
b. It was becoming more common because 60 percent of new homes were wired for
c. It was nearly universal in the United States.
d. It was mainly used in factory production.
e. It was mostly found on farms, where mechanization was needed first.
2. Which of the following statements accurately describes the automobile in the 1920s?
a. It was still just a plaything of the rich.
b. It lost much of its potential market when people turned to the new forms of mass
transit available.
c. It was produced mostly for the overseas market because Americans could not
afford the high-priced American models.
d. It became common in most American socioeconomic groups when cheap
Japanese models flooded the market.
e. It saw a big increase in popularity, with the number of vehicle registrations
jumping dramatically.
3. In the 1920s, what happened to American investments in foreign production?
a. It increased because American corporations invested abroad to supply overseas
markets efficiently and acquire raw materials.
b. It decreased because investment opportunities in United States production grew.
c. It was outlawed to keep the American dollar at home.
d. It decreased, particularly in Latin America, because foreign governments began
to nationalize their industries.
e. It ended because a worldwide depression began.
4. Why was Babe Ruth important in the 1920s?
a. He raised people's awareness of professional boxing.
b. He became an American hero because of his ability to hit home runs.
c. He was the first black football player to win the Heisman Trophy.
d. He won the Master's, the U.S. Open, the PGA Championship, and the British
Open all in the same year.
e. He overcame cancer to lead the New York Giants to a Super Bowl victory.
5. How did Henry Ford lead the way in industry?
a. He pioneered a style of management that delegated corporate decisions to
professionals in specialized divisions.
b. He instituted worker-management teams to share decision-making about
c. He paid his workers higher wages to encourage consumerism.
d. He broke labor unions and replaced them with industry worker associations.
e. He paid his workers low wages to increase the profit margin.
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6. Which statement best describes the post–World War I American attitude toward
a. Postwar America venerated the magnates of business.
b. Americans considered corporate leaders to be robber barons.
c. There was a growing hostility to the growth of the military-industrial complex.
d. Postwar America held businessmen in contempt as war profiteers.
e. Most Americans blamed corporate America for the postwar depression.
7. Who was the main subject in Bruce Barton's The Man Nobody Knows?
a. Henry Ford
d. Bartolomeo Vanzetti
b. Jesus Christ
e. Warren Harding
c. Babe Ruth
8. Which
of the following statements concerning women in the work force in the 1920s is
Women workers swelled the union movement.
Women found more job opportunities on assembly lines.
Women faced systematic wage discrimination.
Women workers declined in number and power because women returned home
and let their husbands resume their careers.
e. Women workers increased proportionally so that almost half of women were
working outside the home.
9. American foreign policy toward Europe during the 1920s was characterized by
a. a willingness to forgive the World War I debts owed to the U.S. government by
former allies.
b. a desire to lead the League of Nations.
c. by general attitudes of independent internationalism with an occasional
willingness to enter into arms-control treaties.
d. a commitment to the World Court.
e. complete isolation from other countries.
10. Why did the union movement weaken in the 1920s?
a. Overall wage rates rose steadily in the 1920s.
b. The older craft-based pattern of union organization was ill suited to the new
mass-production industries.
c. Management was hostile to labor organizing.
d. The open shop was dubbed the American plan.
e. All of these.
11. Welfare capitalism refers to
a. corporations providing employee benefits in the hope of preventing the
establishment of unions.
b. the high rate of unemployment in the 1920s, when many people had to go on
c. the trade-union philosophy that the welfare of the workers should be the first
concern of capitalism.
d. the federal government providing massive subsidies to select government
e. the creation of Social Securitiy and Medicare in the 1930s.
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12. Which sector of the economy did not prosper in the 1920s?
a. Manufacturing
d. Financial services
b. Agriculture
e. New consumer goods
c. The service sector
13. The key issue in the Scopes trial was whether which of the following subjects should be
taught in the public schools?
a. Evolution
d. Racial equality
b. Sex education
e. Biology
c. Creationism
14. What happened in the 1920s Teapot Dome scandal?
a. President Herbert Hoover was caught having an affair with one of the secretaries
in the White House.
b. Interior Secretary Albert Fall received bribes to lease naval oil reserves to two
private companies.
c. Secretary of the Treasury William Clinton invested federal funds in the
Whitewater land deal.
d. President Calvin Coolidge used federal funds to buy his wife a fancy tea-serving
e. Senator George Scott diverted federal funds to guerilla fighters in Panama.
15. Which of the following examples reveals the nativism in the United States in the 1920s?
a. Julius and Ethel Rosenberg were executed as much for their ethnic origins as for
their crimes.
b. President Harding issued an executive order limiting the number of non-British
c. Congress passed a law in 1924 that strictly limited immigration.
d. White citizen councils increased in membership by stressing antiblack and
antiforeigner messages.
e. President Calvin Coolidge publicly supported the lynching of immigrants in
certain circumstances.
16. What did Rudolph Valentino, Charlie Chaplin, and Mary Pickford have in common?
a. They all flourished playing music on the radio.
b. They all became celebrities in the 1920s because of their acting in movies.
c. They all devoted their lives to Christian service.
d. They all encouraged American leaders to invest more resources into helping the
e. They all engaged in efforts to undermine Prohibition.
17. What did the Fordney-McCumber tariff and Smoot-Hawley tariff reveal about America's
commitment to free trade?
a. They proved that the United States was committed to laissez-faire economics.
b. They indicated that the United States was willing to raise tariffs to protect
domestic manufacturers.
c. They showed that the United States wanted to maintain lower tariffs.
d. They revealed that the concept of free trade would never be abandoned.
e. They showed America's complete abandonment of the principles of free trade.
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18. Which of the following statements concerning the equal rights amendment advocated by
Alice Paul and the National Woman's Party is true?
a. It unified the feminist movement in the 1920s, which had become splintered after
women won the vote.
b. It attracted the support of young women, who looked up to the feminists for their
civic idealism.
c. It was supported by an alliance of professional women and labor activists.
d. It turned out to be the deciding issue in the 1928 presidential election.
e. It was opposed by many young women.
19. At the Washington Naval Arms Conference, the major naval powers agreed to halt the
construction of which of the following for ten years?
a. Nuclear weapons
d. Destroyers
b. Submarines
e. Battleships
c. Aircraft carriers
20. What happened to housework in the 1920s?
a. It was made easier for middle-class housewives because they were able to hire
immigrant women and farm girls for household help.
b. It was reduced in terms of hours and sheer physical effort thanks to electrical
appliances, store-bought clothing, and purchased food.
c. It was socialized through cooperative apartments, commercial laundries, and
other collective forms of housework.
d. It increased because industrialization and crowded urban conditions made homes
e. It became simpler because air conditioning and electric heat made homes cleaner.
21. How did the automobile affect American life?
a. It gave young people freedom from parental oversight.
b. It broke down the isolation of rural life.
c. It let more prosperous Americans move out to the suburbs.
d. It increased mobility and headaches.
e. All of these.
22. What happened to mass culture—magazines, books, radio, and movies—in the 1920s?
a. It became increasingly standardized because the same amusements were
available in all parts of the country.
b. It retained regional favor in the South, New England, the Southwest, and other
areas with strong cultural traditions.
c. It was available only to the middle class, who could afford it.
d. It became less important as Americans placed renewed emphasis on
e. It was strongly influenced by the radical, bohemian art world.
23. What was the country's first radio network?
a. ABC
b. CBS
c. NBC
d. PBS
e. FOX
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24. What was the result of the sexual revolution of the 1920s?
a. There was a significant increase in premarital sex.
b. The new custom of casual dating developed.
c. It eradicated the double standard of sexual behavior for men and women.
d. It produced a surge in pornographic lyrics in popular music.
e. It led to a significant increase in the divorce rate.
25. What is the stereotype of the Jazz Age flapper?
a. She was a rebellious, sexually active woman in the 1920s.
b. She drove the success of the Harlem Renaissance.
c. She was the spiritual sister of the suffragist because both suffragists and flappers
supported feminist political action.
d. She was the product of publicists and advertising agencies.
e. She was the evangelical Christian woman who followed the teachings of Billy
26. Which three writers expressed hostility to the moralistic pieties of the old order and the
business pieties of the new?
a. Bruce Barton, Theodore Dreiser, and Ernest Hemingway
b. H. L. Mencken, Lewis Mumford, and Horatio Alger
c. William Jennings Bryan, H. L. Mencken, and Sinclair Lewis
d. F. Scott Fitzgerald, Georgia O'Keeffe, and Alfred Stieglitz
e. Ernest Hemingway, Sinclair Lewis, and H. L. Mencken
27. Which musical style epitomized the 1920s?
a. Swing
b. Ragtime
c. Jazz
d. Reggae
e. The blues
28. Which of the following scientific achievements did not occur in the 1920s?
a. The discovery of a cure for polio
b. The basic research that led to the cyclotron
c. The first successful launch of a liquid-fuel rocket
d. The discovery of how to create Vitamin D in milk
e. Advances in the development of x-rays
29. Which of the following statements concerning the Harlem Renaissance of the 1920s is
not true?
a. It witnessed the flowering of black culture, particularly among writers.
b. It depended on white patronage.
c. It had little contact with the black masses.
d. It ended with the onset of the Great Depression but stands as a monument to
African-American cultural creativity.
e. It showcased the talents of Paul Robeson and Chuck Barry.
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30. The purpose of the 1924 National Origins Act was to increase the number of immigrants
coming from
a. eastern Europe.
d. all of these.
b. Asia.
e. none of these.
c. South America.
31. Which of the following statements concerning the Ku Klux Klan in the 1920s is not true?
a. The Klan was made up of ordinary Americans.
b. The Klan targeted blacks, Catholics, or Jews, depending on the region.
c. The Klan dropped the elaborate rituals, titles, and costumes of the Reconstruction
era to attract a mass membership.
d. Estimates of Klan membership in the 1920s range from 2 to 5 million Americans.
e. It promised to restore the nation's lost racial, ethnic, religious, and moral purity.
32. Marcus Garvey, founder of the Universal Negro Improvement Association, advocated
that blacks should
a. return to Africa.
b. return to the rural South because northern migration had led only to the ghetto.
c. integrate into white society.
d. focus on the acquisition of practical skills while temporarily accepting secondclass status.
e. exercise political power by voting.
33. In the early 1920s religious fundamentalists focused especially on which of the following
a. Eradicating slum conditions in cities
b. The sexual revolution
c. The theory of evolution
d. Equal rights for women
e. Restricting the immigration of Catholics and Jews
34. Why is Aimee Semple McPherson significant?
a. She confronted the American Civil Liberties Union in a conflict over the theory
of evolution.
b. She anticipated the television evangelists of a later day in her theatrical sermons.
c. She promoted the Social Gospel, which emphasized social service.
d. She founded the Universal Negro Improvement Association.
e. She was the author of This Side of Paradise.
35. What did the Sacco-Vanzetti case expose in American society?
a. The growing division over the use of the death penalty
b. The strong ethnic bias in the United States
c. The growing ties between immigrants and blacks
d. The corruption in Boston's Little Italy
e. The need for immigration restrictions
36. Who won the 1928 presidential election?
a. Al Smith
b. Calvin Coolidge
c. Warren Harding
d. Herbert Hoover
e. Franklin Delano Roosevelt
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37. Why did Prohibition fail?
a. Organized crime provided a ready supply of liquor.
b. It proved impossible to enforce rules of behavior with which a significant portion
of the population disagreed.
c. The Volstead Act was underfunded and weakly enforced.
d. All of these.
e. None of these.
38. Many Americans feared the election of Al Smith in 1928 because they thought he would
a. answer to the pope.
b. enforce Prohibition.
c. give too much away to the socialists.
d. have a kitchen cabinet made up of women advisers.
e. make Christianity America's official religion.
39. Which of the following writers is not correctly identified with one of his or her books?
a. F. Scott Fitzgerald, The Great Gatsby
b. Sinclair Lewis, Main Street
c. Henry Mencken, Mercury Station
d. Ernest Hemingway, A Farewell to Arms
e. Victor Margueritte, La Garçonne
40. What was the social philosophy of Herbert Hoover, as expounded in his book American
a. Big business was the answer to America's problems.
b. He saw unfettered competition as the life force of capitalism.
c. He advocated a cooperative, socially responsible economic order shaped by the
voluntary action of capitalist leaders.
d. He supported direct government intervention in the economy.
e. He argued in favor of higher wages and higher personal income taxes.
41. During the 1920s, what attitude did most Americans have toward environmental issues?
a. America's energy resources had limits and had to be conserved.
b. Unchecked technology was dangerous.
c. Political corruption was an inevitable result of government management of
natural resources.
d. The nation was poisoning itself and had to stop.
e. Pollution and vanishing wilderness were small prices to pay for material
42. Which of the following statements accurately reflects trends during the 1920s regarding
women in the work force?
a. With their new feeling of liberation gained during World War I, women made
gigantic inroads into previously all-male professions.
b. Most college women entered traditionally female professions such as nursing,
school teaching, and library science.
c. The proportion of working women who were single rose by about 30 percent
because single women came to dominate teaching at the university level.
d. The number of women in the workforce declined.
e. None of these.