Anthology Poetry Unit 2 Lesson 2 Ozymandias- Shelley 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Learning Outcomes You will be able to explain what the poem is about You will be able to comment on the themes and ideas in the poem You will show your understanding of the context of the poem. You will analyse the language and structure of the poem You will discuss your personal response to the poem. Context • Who was Ozymandias? • In antiquity, Ozymandias (Ὀσυμανδύας) was a Greek name for the Egyptian pharaoh Ramesses II. Shelley began writing his poem in 1817, soon after the announcement of the British Museum's acquisition of a large fragment of a statue of Ramesses II from the thirteenth century BC, leading some scholars to believe that Shelley was inspired by this. The 7.25-ton fragment of the statue's head and torso had been removed in 1816 from the mortuary temple of Ramesses at Thebes by Italian adventurer Giovanni Battista Belzoni. It was expected to arrive in London in 1818, but did not arrive until 1821. Context • Who was Percy Shelley? What do we already know about the Romantic Poets? • Percy Bysshe Shelley (i/ˈpɜːrsi ˈbɪʃ ˈʃɛli/; 4 August 1792 – 8 July 1822) was one of the major English Romantic poets, and is regarded by some as among the finest lyric, as well as epic, poets in the English language. A radical in his poetry as well as in his political and social views, Shelley did not see fame during his lifetime, but recognition for his poetry grew steadily following his death. Shelley was a key member of a close circle of visionary poets and writers that included Lord Byron, Leigh Hunt, Thomas Love Peacock, and his own second wife, Mary Shelley, the author of Frankenstein. What is the poem about? • Listen to the reading of the poem and discuss what you think the story of the poem is. • https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=krbX-9ugbI4 Use the following prompts to help you: 1. There are three voices in this poem. Whose are they, and what contribution does each make? 2. What do you find out about the statue that the traveller tells of? 3. What impressions do you get of the setting of this poem? What questions do you still have? What are the themes and ideas in this poem? • What does the poet want us to think about when we read this poem? • https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tRWbo2x 5lnA Watch the short film and discuss Did we miss anything? Add to your notes It is likely that Shelley told the tale of the fall of this once-great king to make a general statement about politics in his day. He was not a supporter of the royal family. No matter how great a king might be, he isn't immortal - neither he nor his works will last forever. • Even the mightiest will fall: Ozymandias thought his works would last forever and would be above everyone else's. Not true. Nothing is left intact and his own statue is in ruins. • You can't beat time. Even a king dies and so will all the things he has built. • Pride comes before a fall. Ozymandias' boasts about his own greatness seem very hollow now. • The power of art and words. The only thing that does last is part of the statue and the powerful words on the inscription. Drill down Language 1. 2. 3. 4. What impressions do you get of the ruler represented by the statue? What do you make of the inscription written on the pedestal of the statue? Can it have more than one meaning? Shelley uses the words ‘The hand’ to represent the sculptor. This is an example of synecdoche. What might be the effect of saying ‘the hand’ rather than ‘the sculptor’? What impressions do you get of the sculptor? Synecdoche is a figure of speech in which a term for a part of something refers to the whole of something or vice versa. Structure • Ozymandias is a sonnet (a poem of 14 lines), although it doesn't have the same, simple rhyme scheme or punctuation that most sonnets have. Some lines are split by full stops and the rhyme is irregular at times. 1. Why do you think Shelley used this form? Plenary How do these 2 short films link to the themes and ideas in the poem ‘Ozymandias’? https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ViI54y4RPS Y https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wss_urnuB 7o What qualities of Romantic poetry are to be found in Ozymandias?
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