Fragrant roses Gorgeous gordonia Strawberries

Fragrant roses
Gorgeous gordonia
Winter vegies
...and more hints & tips
than ever before!
Winter 2011
For more gardening
ing hints & tips, visit
Issue 57
Premium Results
Winter 2011
About this issue...
David Austin roses
Winter vegetables
Pretty pansies
Gorgeous gordonia
Winter-flowering shrubs
Recipe: Cheesy baked potato
Winter camellias
Bindii patrol
Winter 2011 Garden Diary
Winter 2011 handy hints & tips
Winter can be the busiest time in
our gardens, whether you’re giving
the garden a general tidy up or
undertaking elaborate landscaping
work. Winter is also when some of our
most beautiful plants are flowering or cropping,
so be sure to make the most of it. This issue is
packed full of more great gardening information
than ever before, including our extended hints &
tips on page 16 & 17! God bless...
Con Searle
eautiful Plants • Better Crops
• Healthier Environment
Ask for this great Searles product at your nearest gardening outlet.
Managing Director: Conway Searle
Contributors: Frida Forsberg, Alana Searle and Ashley Searle
Magazine Manager: Alana Searle
Design & Layout: Frida Forsberg — ATG Graphics Dept.
ATG Group Co-ordinator & Advertising: Jason Searle
Front Cover Photography: ‘The Alnwick Rose’
by David Austin Roses
About the Garden is published seasonally by
About the Garden Pty. Ltd. ABN 21 076 919 992
4914 D’Aguilar Highway, Kilcoy or P.O. Box 70, Kilcoy Qld. 4515
Phone: (07) 5422 3090 • Fax: (07) 5497 2287
Email: [email protected]
visit our website
A single grateful thought raised to
heaven is the most perfect prayer.
— Gotthold Ephraim Lessing
The material appearing in About the Garden is subject to copyright. Other than as permitted by the Copyright Act, no part of
this magazine may be reproduced without the permission of the publishers. No responsibility is accepted by About the Garden
Pty. Ltd. for the accuracy of information contained in the text, illustrations or advertisements. Although believed to be accurately
and correctly sourced, thereof disclaims any liability against itself, editor/s or employees arising from any person acting on the
material herein. The opinions expressed in the magazine, or by contributors, do not necessarily represent the views of the publisher.
©Copyright 2011 About the Garden Pty. Ltd.
Home delivery!
Subscribe and have the About the Garden
Magazine delivered to your door!
Name: .....................................................................................
Address: ..................................................................................
City: .............................. State: .............. P/code: ..................
Phone: ...................................... Fax: ......................................
Email: .......................................................................................
Enclosed is a cheque for:
1 year ($18.00)
2 years ($30.00)
OR charge this to my:
Card no:
Card holder’s name:......................... Expiry date: ................
Signature: .................................................................................
Please send this form to:
About the Garden
P.O. Box 70 Kilcoy Q. 4515
Phone: (07) 5422 3090
Fax: (07) 5497 2287
Email: [email protected]
Winter 11
The Alnwick Rose
Jubilee Celebration (Aushunter)
David Austin
Sophy’s Rose (Auslot)
David Austin Roses are best described as ‘New Roses
in the Old Tradition’. They combine the perfume,
variety and charm of old fashioned roses with the
recurrent flowering qualities and wider colour range
of modern roses. The majority have strong, bushy
shapes and can be grown amongst many other
garden shrubs.
The newer forms of David Austin
Roses have been bred with
disease resistance in mind.
Some varieties grow quite tall
under Australian conditions
and are wonderful if grown as
‘Pillar Roses’, ie. small climbers.
They also look quite stunning
if trained to grow on a fence,
lattice or verandah post. Here
are some of the best for warm
The Alnwick Rose
Pat Austin
Pretty, cup shaped flowers
of soft pink are paler at the
outer edges and gradually
broaden and widen as flowers
age. The flowers are beautiful
at all stages with this classic
‘Old Rose’ style rose. This hardy
bush (1.2mW x 75cmH) has
rounded, bushy growth and
flowers intermittently from early
summer until winter. Plentiful
green foliage complements the
flowers. This rose has a strong,
Old Rose fragrance with just a
hint of raspberry. Named after
the superb Alnwick garden in
Sophy’s Rose (Auslot)
This hardy beauty stays short
in warm climates and has
excellent repeat flowering. Its
rosette shaped flowers have an
attractive, light red colouring
which combines well with most
colour schemes. This is a very
floriferous rose; great in garden
beds and towards the front of
borders. Blooms have a light,
tea fragrance. The growth is
healthy and bushy (90cmW
x 75cmH) with beautiful,
elongated foliage.
pink with tints of gold on the undersides
of the petals. Each bloom is elegantly
held above the foliage and flowers are
produced with exceptional continuity,
despite their large size. Growth is vigorous,
building up to a fine, very healthy shrub
(1.2m x 1.2m). This is a good one to have
close to the front of gardens as it has
a very strong and delicious, fruity rose
scent with hints of raspberry and fresh
lemon. Named in commemoration of the
Queen’s Golden Jubilee.
excellent variety to place towards the front
good choice for a formal bed or as
of the border so its fragrance can be best
a border. It flowers with exceptional
enjoyed. Very tough and hardy.
freedom and continuity, has even,
upright growth and little or no disease.
The flowers are a rich yellow, sometimes
tinged with orange at first, with a
lovely tea fragrance with a musky
background. Winner of a Gold Medal,
the President’s Trophy for the ‘Best New
Rose of the Year’ and the Henry Edland
Medal for the ‘Best Scented Rose’, at
the Royal National Rose Society Trials.
by Michael Marriott
Pat Austin
The Mayflower®
This rose is unsurpassed for outstanding
colour and repeat flowering. Named
after David Austin’s wife, it is a distinctive
copper colour which is stronger on
the inside of the petals and paler
and yellower on the outer sides. The
blooms are large and deeply cupped,
so contrasting colours can be seen
between the two sides of the petals,
giving a most attractive effect. The
fragrance is strong and tea-scented with
a warm, sensuous background. The bush
is hardy and reaching 1.2mW x 1mH, it
can be grown as a medium shrub or
short climber. Highly recommended.
This delightful rose is particularly
Old Rose in character. It flowers
continuously and is completely
healthy. It forms a small shrub bearing
charming, medium sized, typically
Old Rose flowers of deep, rose pink. Its
unique feature is that it is, so far as we
know, completely resistant to blackspot,
powdery mildew and rust. While it
seldom produces masses of blooms
at any one time, it does flower with a
regularity rarely found in any other rose
and is hardly ever without flowers. The
growth is bushy and unusually full on a
medium shrub (1.2mW x 90cmH) with
small, matt green foliage. Its blooms
have a strong, old rose fragrance. An
One of the most free flowering and
reliable of all the Austin Roses, the growth
is quite upright on a medium shrub
(90cmW x 60cmH) and so is a particularly
Top Ten Tips for
Growing Roses
of David Austin Roses
1. Careful choice of varieties - is
fragrance important; health; shape
of flower; shape and size of plant?
2. Wise choice of planting position
– roses do not like too much
competition at the roots and all like
at least a few hours of sun a day,
especially in the morning.
3. Thorough soil preparation – mix in
plenty of organic matter before
4. Good watering – roses will stay
healthier, grow more strongly
and flower more freely if they are
watered regularly and deeply.
5. Regular feeding – repeat flowering
roses are hungry feeders; the
organically based fertilisers are the
6. Mulch well – help to conserve
moisture, keep the roots cool and
feed the soil and hence the roses.
7. If diseases are a problem, spray
before symptoms arrive in the
8. Dead head regularly except those
that set hips.
9. When pruning be sure to cut
out dead, diseased and, very
importantly, old growth.
Jubilee Celebration
One of the finest roses
available, this rose has large,
domed flowers in rich, salmon
The Mayflower®
10. Look at your roses regularly both to
appreciate their beauty and to
spot any potential problems.
Like other cold season
crops, cabbage need full
sun and good drainage.
However, they prefer
a slightly acidic and
somewhat heavy (clay)
soil which will prevent
leaching of nutrients with
the regular watering they
require. Alkaline soil can
be balanced by adding
organic compost or the
pH can be lowered by
adding sulphur powder.
Cabbage are greedy
feeders, so dig plenty
of Searles Kickalong
Vegetable & Herb
Organic Plant Food into
the soil. Cabbage can
be planted as seed or
seedlings; refer to the
Ashley Searle
Winter vegetables
Growing your own vegetables is not only an excellent way to cut down your
grocery bills, it’s a great way to a healthier lifestyle. Here’s how to get started
with some of the most popular vegetables in Australian home gardens.
Broccoli loves the cold
season. It needs good
drainage and plenty of
sunlight, although late
maturing varieties may
prefer some shade to
protect them from sudden
heat in late spring. The
harvest period can be
extended by planting a
few different varieties that
mature at different times.
Prepare the soil to a depth
of at least 30cm, digging in
plenty of Searles 5IN1 Plus
and Searles Real Compost.
Sweeten with garden
lime if your soil is acidic.
Sprinkle Searles Penetraide
ReWetting Granules, water
well, mulch and leave for
2 weeks. If planting seed,
draw a drill and plant 6mm
deep, about 50cm apart in
groups of three. Thin out the
two weakest seedlings later.
Each seedling should have
a central bud or growing
tip — discard any without.
Keep broccoli moist and
weed-free. Harvest when
the heads are still green
and compact (they’re too
old once they turn yellowish
with flowers starting to
open). To harvest, cut off
the head along with about
10cm of stalk and a few
leaves. Two smaller, but
more tender heads will
grow in its place. Remove
cabbage white caterpillar
and spray aphids with
Searles Bug Beater.
Tip for delicious vegies:
To make vegetables crisp and sweet, grow them fast
by providing adequate water and fertiliser. A daily
watering and a fortnightly feed with Searles Fish &
Kelp Plus is ideal. This principle applies to lettuce,
carrots, silver beet, beetroot and celery.
Beetroot need good
drainage and prefer full sun.
Make sure you get them in
the ground by early autumn
in frost-prone areas. Like most
root vegetables, they prefer
to be grown from seed.
They dislike acidic soils, so
digging in some garden lime
a fortnight before planting
can be beneficial. Searles
Complete Plant Food, which
contains trace elements,
is also recommended.
Beetroot seeds contain a
tough outer coat, so soak
them in water overnight
before planting. Thin out
emerging seedlings once
they are 3cm high and keep
them moist. Deep watering,
label for depth and
spacing requirements
and water immediately
after planting. Water
regularly and keep them
weed-free. Cabbage
white caterpillars should
be removed by hand on
sight. Heavy infestations
can be sprayed with
Searles Bug Beater.
Harvest when their heads
feel hard. To do this, dig
up the whole plant, sever
the stalk with a sharp knife
and remove any outer
leaves before storing the
cabbage in the fridge.
Compact cabbage
varieties can be grown
in pots of Searles Herb &
Vegetable Potting Mix.
Plant potato by early autumn
in frost-prone areas so they can
mature before frost. Only use
certified virus-free potato seed
and plant in an open position
with excellent drainage. Their
swelling roots will push up
the soil around them as they
grow, so avoid planting in
containers or small garden
beds. Some seed needs to be
hardened off before planting,
in which case, lay it out in a
box for a fortnight in a dry,
shaded position. Meanwhile,
roughly cultivate the soil, dig
in a thick layer of Searles Real
Compost and Searles Cow
Manure, water well and cover
with mulch. Two weeks later,
lift the mulch and lay potato
seed 50cm apart with 80cm
between rows. Cover with
straw, then cover with soil
excavated from between the
rows. Water well and replace
the newspaper and mulch.
As plants grow, build up soil
around the tubers, never
allowing them to be exposed
to sunlight. Irrigate the trenches
between rows once weekly
and keep the mulch moist until
the foliage dies down, then
harvest immediately. Remove
caterpillars by hand and
spray aphids with Searles Bug
Beater. Don’t apply fresh lime
to acidic soils as this can cause
Silverbeet needs full sun and
excellent drainage. Allowing plenty
of air circulation between the
plants will help guard against fungal
diseases, so plant them at least 35cm
apart, depending on the variety.
Compact varieties can be grown in
large containers or styrofoam boxes.
Silverbeet like rich soil, so use Searles
Kickalong Herb & Vegetable Organic
Plant Food at the recommended
rate. Digging in plenty of Searles Real
Compost and Searles 5IN1 Plus a
couple of weeks prior to planting will
also help support their lush growth.
Silverbeet prefer an alkaline soil, so
it may also be beneficial to dig in
garden lime at this stage. If planting
from seed, soak seeds in water for
a couple of hours before planting
to promote germination. Keep
silverbeet moist if you want to use it
less often, is preferable to
frequent, shallow watering.
Mulch lightly around each
plant to help keep soil
moisture levels consistent
— allowing them to dry out
can make them woody and
suitable only for juicing. It’s
common for the roots to
bulge up above ground level
as they mature. Don’t cover
them with soil at this stage
or they may rot. Harvest time
depends on the variety;
baby beets should be eaten
when small, others should be
grown to the size of cricket
balls. Lift the whole plant
and twist off the foliage. The
foliage can also be steamed
and eaten like silverbeet.
Top tip:
Most vegetables
prefer a slightly
alkaline soil,
so if your soil is
acidic, sweeten
it at least 2
weeks before planting with
Searles Garden Lime at the
recommended rate.
in salads. Limiting its water supply can
make it more drought tolerant, but
it tends to make their leaves bitter
and suitable for eating only after
cooking. Harvest as required once
leaves are large enough to make
a meal, taking the outer leaves first.
Fungal infections can appear as
spotting on the outer leaves. Remove
any spotting or yellowing leaves. The
younger, unaffected leaves will still
be suitable for eating. Keep mulched
and remove weeds by hand.
Panola XP™ Yellow Pansy
Pansies planted alongside cabbages
bring colour to the vegie patch.
Pretty pansies!
Frida Forsberg
Oasis Giant Pansy Rustica
There are few flowers more versatile or distinctive to the
winter garden than the pansy. Available in just about
any colour of the rainbow, their cheery faces are the
perfect way to fill your garden with winter mirth.
Getting started
Pansies can be planted from
seed or bought as seedlings,
including advanced seedlings
that are already in flower. An
advantage of the latter is that
seeing the blooms first hand can
make it easier to select your
favourites. Choose seedlings that
are bushy and robust and if they
are in flower, select the ones with
more buds than blooms.
Panola XP™ True Blue Pansy
Panola XP™ Beaconsfield Pansy
Pansies love cool weather and
generally can be planted from
March to July. In cooler areas,
pansies can also be planted at
the end of winter and will flower
into spring and early summer.
Pansies will bear larger and more
brightly coloured blooms as the
cool season progresses. When
spring arrives and the weather
heats up, pansies will go on a
natural decline. Their life can be
extended by giving them extra
water, but don’t expect them to
last all year, especially in warm
regions. Although they are almost
always grown as annuals, pansies
are actually short-lived biennials.
In some regions, they can be
allowed to flower in spring, left in
the ground to ‘rest’ over summer
until autumn when they can be
brought into flower once more.
Because pansies flower so
prolifically, they usually exhaust
themselves in one season. They
do however, set seed quite easily
and if you’re lucky they can
reappear in your garden year
after year.
Pohlmans Pansy Queensland
Sorbet™ Orange
Duet Viola
nny Jump
Viola Joh
preferably with a slightly acidic pH. For
best results, improve the soil with Searles
5IN1 Plus and Searles Complete Plant
Food two weeks before planting.
Growing from seed
Once established, keep pansies moist and
well fed. Regular removal of spent blooms
will keep them flowering well; picking a
pretty posy every few days can actually
keep pansies in good health and vigour!
To grow pansies from seed, sow them into
punnets of Searles Seed Raising Mix and
keep them moist in a cool, well-lit place.
They should germinate in about 2 weeks. To
conserve moisture, seedling punnets can
be wrapped in clear plastic cling wrap.
Once seedlings have a few sets of leaves,
they can be planted out into pots or
garden beds. Keep them moist, especially
when young.
Growing in pots
Did you know?
Ongoing care
Pansies are perfect for growing in pots.
Plant them in Searles Peat 80 Plus or
Searles Premium Potting Mix for best
Like their cousins the violets and violas,
pansies are edible and can make an
exciting garnish or addition to fresh garden
Viola De
nim Jum
p Up
The smaller-flowering
ll fl
i viola
i l iis closely
related to the pansy, but is generally
hardier with a bushier habit. Violas
look great growing with pansies and
have similar requirements.
For good flowering, pansies need
a sunny position but in warm
climates they usually prefer some
protection from the hot
afternoon sun. In such cases,
ensure they have sun for at least
half the day. Pansies can get
spindly and won’t flower well in
full shade.
Pansies have shallow roots which
means they can dry out quickly
in hot spells, so make sure you
keep them moist and well
mulched. Mulching also helps
insulate the roots and
discourages weeds.
Pansies need good nutrition to
support their profuse flowering, so
feed them fortnightly with Searles
Flourish Soluble Plant Food. This
excellent fertiliser is specially
formulated for boosting blooms
and will absorb quickly through
the leaves for fast results. For an
excellent fertiliser that is fully
organic, use Searles Fish & Kelp
Plus Liquid Fertiliser.
Preparing the soil
Pansies are not fussy but prefer a
loose, rich, well-drained soil,
Alana Searle
Euphorbia ‘Diamond Frost’
Winter-flowering stunners
Possibly the perfect shade
tree or large shrub for small
gardens, the gordonia
(Gordonia axillaris) bears
unsurpassed white flowers
and glossy, dark green
leaves that develop red
tips in winter. It will grow 5
metres tall and wide if left
unpruned, with a beautiful,
dome-shaped canopy. Its
large, crinkly-petalled flowers
are borne over a long
period from autumn into
spring and its orange-brown
bark is another beautiful
feature. Its large, white
blooms (about 10cm across)
tend to fall from the tree
intact with their prominent,
egg-yolk yellow stamens
facing upward. The resulting
effect has been likened to
the appearance of fried
eggs lying around the tree
and has earned the plant
its somewhat unglamorous
common name, ‘the fried
egg plant’.
Gordonias are easy to grow
and are practically pest
and disease-free. They are
arguably one of the best
flowering trees for small
home gardens and are well
suited to a range of climatic
zones including sub-tropical,
Mediterranean and cooltemperate.
Like their close relative, the
camellia, gordonias enjoy a
slightly acidic, well-drained
soil and can be grown in full
sun or part shade.
Gordonias are slow-growing
when young, so buy a
more advanced plant if
you want a tree in a hurry.
One advantage of their
slow growth is that they
are easily kept to a small
size if desired, with gentle
pruning. If you want a bushy
shrub rather than a small
tree, tip prune lightly after
flowering. Otherwise, pruning
is unnecessary.
Grow these easy-care small shrubs for
cheerful colour in the winter garden.
Abutilon (Chinese lantern)
This is a relative of the hibiscus
and flowers all year round.
Pruning is recommended
to keep them bushy as they
can become lanky. A full sun
position is preferable, but they
will also flower well in part
shade. Keep them mulched
and well-watered, but avoid
over fertilising as this can
result in prolific foliage at the
expense of flowers. Lightly
prune to shape at the end
of winter once frosts have
This winter-flowering shrub
is excellent for ‘Christmas
in July’ celebrations. A
traditional yuletide favourite
in the northern hemisphere,
in Australia these subtropical
beauties are tricked into
flowering at Christmas by
artificially reducing their
lighting. Although usually only
available from garden centres
at Christmas time, poinsettias
strike easily from cuttings
so if you see one flowering
beautifully in a neighbour’s
yard, ask for a cutting or
two. Native to Mexico, the
poinsettia is well suited to most
Australian climates. Don’t
apply fertiliser while they are
in bloom. Instead wait until
spring when flowering has
finished, give them a good
prune and then a feed with
Searles Kickalong Fruit &
Flower Organic Plant Food. The
stems ooze a white, latex sap
which can cause allergies so
be careful when pruning. The
actual flowers are insignificant.
The showy, red display is
actually from brightly coloured
bracts. Traditionally red,
poinsettias are now available
in every shade of pink, orange, apricot,
bronze, white and yellow. Plant it in full
sun for best flowering.
Euphorbia ‘Diamond Frost’
This close relative of the poinsettia,
flowers all year round and is excellent
for creating highlights against other
garden flowers or foliage with its profuse,
white blooms. Like the poinsettia, the
blooms are actually not flowers, but
bracts. Growing into a mound-shaped
bush about 1m x 1m, it can be pruned if
Marmalade bush
(Streptosolen jamesonii)
desired, during the warm months. Plant it
in full sun for best flowering. It requires little
water once established.
of quality potting mix like Searles
Premium Potting Mix. Also available is
the compact variety ‘Ginger Meggs’
which grows to about 1m x 1m in height.
Marmalade Bush
Leptospermum ‘Cardwell’
(Streptosolen jamesonii)
This native to the Andes creates a riot
of colour throughout the year with its
orange-coloured blooms. This old favourite
in Aussie home gardens is very easy
to grow and needs little water once
established. It’s also great for attracting
birds and butterflies. Tolerant of light
frosts, it prefers a mostly-sunny position
and performs best with regular watering
and feeding. It is easily grown in a pot
A complex range
of nutrients and
trace elements
for balanced
turf growth.
Unique, slowrelease organic
nutrients that
enrich everything
you grow.
This is a weeping shrub up to 2m tall that
will light up the garden in late winter
and spring when it becomes covered
in white flowers. It flowers well in full sun
or part shade, but does best in part
shade. Give it a well-drained soil and
water during very hot, dry weather. Tip
prune to encourage bountiful blooms.
This is one of the most spectacular of
the Australian native tea trees and also
tolerates frost well.
Terra Firma Fertilisers
P lt
In spring, apply a controlled
release fertiliser like Searles
Robust Plus Azalea, Camellia
& Gardenia, mulch well and
keep the soil moist when
Leptospermum ‘Cardwell’
Put some life back into your earth.
‘They really, really work.’
For more information, phone us TOLL FREE
1800 818 482
Winter 2011
South-east Qld
& Northern NSW
Subtropical — Coastal
Plant aster, begonia, dahlia, daisy,
gazania, geranium, impatiens,
marigold, nasturtium, petunia,
portulaca, salvia and verbena.
Before spring, fertilise roses with
Searles Rose Plant Food and dig in
a small amount of Searles 5 IN 1
Plus. Fertilise azaleas and flowering
Plant dill, garlic bulbs, marjoram, mint,
parsley, oregano, sage, Thai coriander
and thyme.
Fruit & Vegetables
Plant broccoli, cabbage, capsicum,
carrot, cauliflower, cucumber,
eggplant, peas, potato, pumpkin,
spinach, sweet corn and tomato.
• Harvest produce planted in autumn.
• Soak the vegie garden with Searles
Fish & Kelp Plus every fortnight.
• Watch for pests like grasshoppers
and caterpillars.
• Take frangipani cuttings.
• Melon and pumpkin vines can be
pruned to keep them within a 2m
radius. This will give denser growth
without decreasing the yield.
• Fertilise, water and mulch mango
trees once flowering has finished.
• Enjoy flowering natives like cocky
apple, kapok and woollybutt.
Plant chamomile, comfrey, dill,
garlic bulbs, lavender, lemon balm,
marjoram, mint, parsley, oregano,
sage, and thyme.
Fruit & Vegetables
Plant spinach, silver beet, lettuce
and early-maturing cabbage.
Fertilise fortnightly with Searles Fish
& Kelp Plus and keep the water
up to them to ensure an excellent
Plant pansies and violas for
great winter colour. Small native
shrubs such as leptospermum
and grevillea can be planted
now and are a good option for
a difficult spot as they are tough
and tolerate dry conditions.
The silvery-white foliage of native
Eremophila nivea is striking in any
garden. This one likes it dry once
established and needs excellent
drainage, so grow it in a pot if your
soil is on the heavy side. Prune it
during humid weather to improve air
flow. Purple flowers appear in spring.
• Cut back roses to about onethird.
• Clean out fish ponds.
• Plant deciduous flowering trees
and shrubs.
• Cut canna lilies right down to
ground level — they will grow
back beautifully in spring.
• Dead-head agapanthus.
• Cut back dead perennials.
• Divide perennials that have
become overcrowded.
• This is also a good time to start
planning and begin planting
native plants — a great way to
attract native fauna.
Plant chives, curry, dill, mint, parsley,
sage and thyme.
Fruit and vegetables
Plant beetroot, broad beans,
broccoli, cauliflower, lettuce, onions,
peas, silver beet and spinach.
Plant chamomile, comfrey,
coriander, dill, feverfew, garlic
bulbs, lavender, lemon balm,
marjoram, mint, parsley, oregano,
sage and thyme. Protect
coriander from frost.
Plant snow peas near a trellis. They
need full sun, but can take part shade
in very hot regions. Keep newly-planted
seedlings moist until they have started
to climb onto their support.
More advice...
• Plant bare-rooted roses.
• Plant deciduous trees.
Fruit & Vegetables
Plant Chinese greens — pak
choi can be harvested just 3–4
weeks after planting. Grow English
spinach quickly in rich soil. Harvest
citrus. Plant peas where summer
annuals were planted — they will
enrich the soil for next summer’s
More advice...
• Prune natives that have finished
• Prune hydrangeas.
• Divide agapanthus and other
strappy-leafed perennials.
• Don’t return fruit fly infected fruit
to the compost.
• Transplant any trees that need
moving, especially in wet
• Prune roses.
• Plant deciduous trees.
Cold & Southern
Tableland areas
Plant alyssum, aquilegia, begonia,
calendula, cineraria, cornflower,
delphinium, dianthus, erigeron,
foxglove, geranium, hollyhock,
larkspur, lobelia, nemesia, pansy,
polyanthus, poppy, primula,
ranunculus, snapdragon, stock
and viola.
Plant chives, curry, dill, mint,
parsley, sage and thyme.
Fruit and vegetables
Plant beetroot, broad beans,
broccoli, Brussells sprout,
cabbage, cauliflower, celery,
endive, leek, lettuce, onions,
peas, snow peas, silver beet and
More advice...
More advice...
Plant alyssum, begonia, cornflower,
dianthus, geranium, poppy, primula,
snapdragon, stock and viola.
Euryops virginatus ‘Golden Glow’ is a
small shrub (75cm x 75cm) bearing
masses of golden yellow, daisy-like
flowers through winter. Very hardy, it
tolerates wind, salt spray, frost and
drought. Prune and fertilise in spring to
keep the bush healthy and promote
new growth. Great for rockeries, the
poolside, containers or in garden beds.
Tropical — Wet & Dry Tropics
Mediterranean Climate
Temperate areas
Regional Garden Diary
North Queensland
Adelaide, Perth
More advice...
Polyanthus bring cheery colour to any
part shade position through the cooler
times of year. They love a neutral to
slightly acidic soil rich in organic matter
like Searles Real Compost. Protect from
severe or prolonged frosts and keep wellwatered in hot, dry periods.
• Plant virus-free strawberry
• Prune grape and kiwifruit vines,
raspberries and other berries.
• As the new buds start to swell
on fruit trees such as plum,
nectarine, cherry and peach,
spray with Searles Copper
Oxychloride to control fungal
• Plant bare-rooted roses.
• Plant deciduous trees and fruit
Inland Areas
Arid or Outback areas
Sow daisies, bracteantha, gazania,
geranium, impatiens, anigozanthos,
marigold, nasturtium, portulaca,
salvia, sunflower and zinnia.
Sow basil, chives, coriander, dill, mint,
oregano, parsley, sage and thyme.
Fruit & Vegetables
Sow beans, beetroot, broccoli,
cabbage, carrot, Chinese cabbage,
potato, silver beet, sweet corn, sweet
potato and tomato.
More advice...
• Now is the best time to garden in
warmer parts of inland Australia.
• Plant fruit trees and vines.
• Divide clumping plants like
agapanthus, canna and clivea.
Lechenaultia (red form)
Lechenaultia formosa is a prostrate native
shrub with masses of flowers in late winter
and spring. Great for rockeries and hot,
sunny positions, give it well-drained soil in
full sun or part shade. Keep it in a
pot in areas with humid summers.
Winter 2011
Hints & tips
Magnolia soulangeana rubra
Cannas will be dying back and looking
shabby so now is the time to give them
a ruthless pruning. Clean them up by
chopping them right down to ground
and they will reward you with healthy,
robust growth when spring arrives.
In cooler parts of Aust
tralilia, no
w is
is tth
time to
t plant
l t bare
t dd
trees including apple and pear trees,
stone fruit, roses and cool climate
nuts like almonds and walnut.
Grevillea ‘Fanfair’ is a prolific-flowering
native groundcover with a 4 or 5 metre
spread. ‘Toothbrush’ shaped flowers
appear from late winter into summer.
Give it full sun or part shade and a welldrained soil. Mulch to suppress weeds
and conserve moisture and water by
deep soaking in dry weather.
Magnolias are the flowering jewels of
the garden in late winter. Give them
a well-drained, slightly acidic soil,
a thick mulch and plenty of water
while establishing. In warmer areas,
try the evergreen varieties ‘Little
Gem’ and Magnolia grandiflora.
Osteospermum ‘Serenity Sunburst’ has
beautiful, lemon yellow, daisy-like flowers
on a compact bush (50-60cmH). Perfect
for long-lasting colour in pots, garden
beds and low borders. Plant in full sun or
part shade.
An extremely hardy old fashioned
shrub (1.5m x 1.5m), the reinwardtia
‘Golden Dollar’ will lighten up your
garden with bold, yellow flowers for
most of the cooler months of the
year. Give it a hard pruning in late
spring after it has finished flowering
to maintain a bushy shape. Great
for growing in pots, it can be moved
to where its flowers can be best
enjoyed when it is in bloom.
Create habitat for koalas by planting
their favourite eucalypt trees. Check
first with a local landcare group to
ensure tree selections are indigenous
to your area. If you don’t have space
for a large tree in your garden, get
involved with a local community group
to create habitat in a nearby park or
revegetate existing bushland. Got a few
mature eucalypts in your garden? The
dappled shade underneath them can
be ideal for growing camellias, ixoras
and hydrangeas.
Mulches made of pebbles, crushed
shells or gravel can look great and
don’t need to be reapplied regularly
as organic mulches do. Apply a layer of
matting to separate the mulch from the
soil as materials like gravel are difficult to
separate from the soil if you ever want
to remove it.
Give cymbidium orchids filtered
sunlight (a shade cloth that blocks
50% of sunlight or the dappled shade
under a tree is ideal). Pot them into
Searles Cymbidium Orchid Mix and
use rainwater for watering them if it is
available, rather than tap water.
Give plants a fortnightly
feed of Searles Liquid
Seaweed to help them
cope with winter cold. Start
at least 6 weeks before the
onset of frost for best results.
Spray for bindii by the end of
winter, as soon as it appears in
lawns. If you destroy it before the
seed heads (prickles) appear,
you will also destroy the seed for
next year’s bindii. This means you will not
only have a bindii-free summer, but less
need for spraying in years to come.
David Grays Garden Problem Solvers
The trailing stems and orange flowers of
the Goldfish Plant (Nematanthus glabra)
make it beautiful in hanging baskets.
Give it a sheltered garden position with
protection from frost. In cooler districts
it may prefer a warm, well-lit position
indoors. Keep moist but not wet and
mist occasionally. Tip prune young
plants to encourage branching
and feed with Searles Fish &
Kelp Plus.
Most of the huge vari
ietty o
are flowering,
Give them a free-draining soil and
a position that is sunny for at least
half the day. These hardy succulent
plants don’t need a lot of water and
are easy-care. Space them to allow
air to circulate in humid conditions.
Coleonema pulchrum ‘Aurea’ is a dwarf,
evergreen shrub (about 1mW x 75cmH),
whose yellow foliage can bring yearround colour to garden beds, rockeries
or large tubs. It grows in most soils
and tolerates frost and dryness once
established. Versatile and easy to grow,
give it full sun. Pink, star-shaped flowers
appear in spring.
• Premium Quality
• Effective Response
• Value for Money
Cheesy Baked Potatoes
Winter 2011
Hints & tips
Need a recipe to use up your excess potatoes?
This delicious recipe will warm you on cold winter
nights, either as a side dish or a light supper.
...Continued from page15
love the cool days and flower
beautifully under the dappled shade
of a tree. If growing them indoors, keep
them away from heaters and reverseth
cycle airconditioners. Give them an
occasional spell in outdoor shade to
keep them looking good.
Now is a good time to think
about garden design and
ornamentation. Adding a
meandering path through your
garden or a sculpture or artwork
in just the right place can be
very effective in bringing style
and structure to your outdoor
living space.
Beautiful Medinilla myriantha
bears flowers and decorative fruit
throughout the year. Plant in part
shade in moist, well-drained soil and
avoid direct sun. Grow in pots and
containers with Searles Peat 80 Plus.
Originating in the tropics, this variety
of Medinilla does well in cooler
regions and tolerates light frost.
5 large potatoes, peeled and cubed
1 onion, roughly chopped
1 and a half cups light cottage cheese
1 cup sour light cream
1 cup light shredded cheddar cheese
1 sachet chicken flavoured soup powder
You’ll always cook the perfect lamb
chops when you have a rosemary
hedge! The hardy nature and evergreen,
bushy habit of this perennial herb make
it an excellent, medium height hedge in
regions outside the tropics. (In the tropics,
rosemary is grown as a winter annual as
it usually dies off in the monsoon.)
1. Boil or steam potatoes until tender.
2. Pan fry onion until golden brown.
3. Preheat oven to 180˚C and grease a 22cm x 32cm
casserole dish.
4. Combine potatoes, onion, cottage cheese, sour
cream and soup powder. Pour mixture to the
casserole dish. Top with cheese.
5. Bake for 30 to 40minutes until lightly golden brown.
Plant onions now to ensure they get a
good start during cold weather. They
are not fussy about soil but need good
drainage. Plant in full sun and allow
good aeration — even a windy situation
is fine. If they bulge above the soil as
they grow, don’t try and cover them.
Pandorea pandorana ‘Lemon Bells’ is
a fast-growing, well-behaved native
climber which becomes smothered
in gorgeous yellow flowers through
winter and spring. Great for
covering fences, pergolas or
lattice work.
Metrosideros buds
shrubs by
mid winter
their flower
buds form.
Chesapeake Starlight (commonly
known as Chincherinchee) is a true
bulb that is extremely tough in both
warm and cool climates. Flower
heads last up to a month in full sun
or part shade. Tolerant of light frosts,
it’s excellent in pots, garden beds
and as a cut flower.
Foxgloves (Digitalis purpurea)
love an acidic soil and dappled
shade position, but can also be
grown in full sun. Unfussy about
soil, especially if it is enriched
with compost, foxgloves are
also frost-hardy. Every part of
the plant is poisonous so take
care with children and pets.
Maidenhair ferns love a
moist, sheltered position.
Well-lit shade is ideal, but
many will tolerate poor
lighting which makes
them ideal as indoor
plants, especially for moist
areas like bathrooms.
Keep them moist — they
can brown off quickly
if allowed to dry out,
although they can quickly
bounce back if their
conditions are corrected.
Planting advice
Get your strawberries in before the end of winter to pave the way
for a long and delicious harvest throughout the warm season.
There’s nothing better than the sweet
flavour of home-grown strawberries!
Loved by children and adults alike,
it’s little wonder this easy-to-grow
groundcover is among the most popular
food crops in Australian home gardens.
Producing its pretty white or pale pink
flowers from late winter and familiar red
berries which curiously bear their seeds
on the outside, strawberries will crop
throughout spring and summer with many
varieties continuing through autumn.
Everywhere outside the tropics, new
strawberry plants are best planted in
June and July. (Tropical gardeners might
prefer to put them in earlier, say from
March to May to give them the longest
growing season. Give strawberries a
sunny position and improve the soil by
digging in plenty of Searles 5IN1 Plus
before planting. Good drainage is
essential, so build up garden beds if your
soil is heavy clay. Strawberries are also
ideal for growing in pots, planters or even
in hanging baskets on a sunny balcony
or courtyard.
Ongoing care
Maintain a good layer of mulch over
the soil. This will conserve moisture, but
it will also keep fruit in good condition
by preventing it from touching the
ground. Strawberries produce runners
which makes them easy to propagate.
It is actually recommended that
strawberry plants be removed, thinned
and the runners replanted every few
years to ensure good crops and avoid
overcrowding. Birds love strawberries as
much as we do, so protect them with
netting or place wire cages over your
plants to protect your crop.
The much anticipated Queensland Garden Expo will be opening the gates on 8-9-10 July, 2011 to thousands of enthusiastic
gardeners from across the state Each year oUer 28,000 garden loUers and horticulture professionals ÛocJ to Nambour
Showgrounds, Sunshine Coast to enjoy Queensland’s premier gardening event.
With the quality of displays, exhibits and lectures
on show, this Award winning event is one of the
top garden shows in the country and number
one in Queensland.
Queensland Garden Expo is where nurseries and
garden industry professionals showcase their
creative talents and share their knowledge. With
over 360 exhibitors there is an amazing range
of garden products on display including over
40,000 plants, all the latest in garden tools, pots,
books, tanks, mowers and power equipment, to
name a few. The Giant Kitchen Garden Feature
continues to grow each year with the increasing
interest in sustainable living and gardening. You
a difference to the environment in your own
backyard. A new feature this year will be the
“Living Garden” area that will demonstrate how
to achieve biodiversity in your garden by working
with nature to create a balanced environment.
Information and advice abound at the Garden
Expo with continuous lectures on seven live
stages. Colin Campbell, Annette McFarlane,
Ross McKinnon, and Phil Dudman lead a team
of over twenty speakers covering a wide variety
of gardening topics.
Queensland Garden Clubs and Societies,
incredibly detailed works of botanical art by
some of Queensland’s leading botanical artists
and local potters and clayworkers demonstrating
and displaying their craft.
All of this, plus great food, street
entertainment and free children’s
playground and Ecotainment,
combine to make
Garden Expo a
great day out.
For further information visit
Bats driving you batty?
In many situations around your
home or garden, bats can be
unhygienic, noisy or destructive.
However, bats also play a vital
role in natural ecosystems —
pollinating plants, spreading
seeds and controlling insects. In
the wild these creatures are a
joy to behold. Therefore,
gardeners need an effective
way to protect their plants and
property while ensuring these
wonderful animals are not
Protect vegetables, fruit trees, ornamentals, seedlings and
buildings from cockatoos, crows, ducks, pigeons, rosellas,
starlings, swallows, other birds & bats.
Protects homes, gardens, patios, shop fronts and paved
areas from both dogs and cats or rats and mice.
Protect one plant or a whole area — perimeter
&/or band sprays.
Repels — without harming animals or humans.
Not considered a poison — no withholding period.
Easy to use — spray on. Effective when dry.
Safe, Proven and Effective.
is unique. Reject products said to be "just as
good", nothing is at all "like it". For further information send
2x60c stamps to:
D-TER, Dept. A, PO Box 3, Oyster Bay, NSW 2225.
Enquiries: Phone: (02) 9589 0703. Fax: (02) 9589 0147
Available in 100g, 1Kg & 4Kg Sizes.
D-TER, a unique animal and bird
repellent can keep bats away
from your fruit trees and prevent
them from roosting in roof
spaces and sheds. This
remarkable product does not
poison or harm the animals in
any way — it simply persuades
them to move on by arousing
Frida Forsberg ‘05
Protect herbs, vegetables, trees and shrubs from
possums, kangaroos, wallabies, rabbits, hares,
bandicoots, deer, foxes and other wildlife.
the feeling that the treated
area is ‘unsafe’.
To quote a report from Tingoora,
‘Arriving fruit bats appeared
startled and immediately left
treated mango trees with no
further loss of fruit’.
.july 11
A Longreach couple sprayed
D-TER and within minutes had
persuaded ‘a very persistent
mob of insectivorous bats in
their ceiling to move on’. They
estimated there had been 100–
150 ‘mice with wings’ resident in
their ceiling for some years.
D-TER can be used to protect
fruit and vegetable crops, trees,
shrubs, ornamental plants,
lawns, garden beds, bulbs,
seeds and other property. It
produces excellent results
against all wildlife, feral animals
and pets, including rabbits,
kangaroos, wallabies, possums,
wombats, bandicoots, foxes,
dogs, cats, rats, mice, rosellas,
lorikeets, parrots, cockatoos,
crows, smaller birds, wild ducks,
pigeons, mynas, sparrows and
PHONE (07) 5441 4655
ƒ more than 360 exhibitors including
60 nurseries
ƒ 40,000 plants for sale daily
ƒ landscape gardens p giant Jitchen garden
ƒ over 120 free lectures
ƒ demo’s worJshops non p stop
ƒ free advice from gardening experts Col
Campbell, Annette McFarlane, Ross McKinnon
ƒ Ûoral art, Ûora societies, artists, clay p worJers
ƒ food courts, entertainment, free Jids
playground and lots more
Adults $16
Aged Concession $14
Kids 15 & under FREE
Free shuttle buses travel from Nambour
Station to the Showgrounds meeting and
dropping off to every train.
Frida Forsberg
The natural way
D ai
Winter camellias
At the coolest and quietest time of year in the
garden, the winter-flowering japonica camellia
can brighten your home with its gorgeous, yet
stately blooms. They’re long-lived, too, so planting
one today can bring a lifetime of lovely winters.
The right pH
‘Polar Bear’
Camellias are famous for
being ‘acid-loving’ plants,
which means they dislike
soils with a pH higher than
7. In most parts of Australia
however, soils tend to be
naturally acidic, which means
correcting the soil is not usually
necessary. (Exceptions would
be gardens in Adelaide or
Perth, which have naturally
alkaline soils. In these regions,
it can be simplest to grow
camellias in pots.) Using
Searles Flourish Azalea,
Camellia & Gardenia at the
recommended rate will help
maintain the ideal level of soil
acidity for camellias, as well
as providing all the nutrients
needed for excellent growth,
vigour and flowering.
‘Nuccio’s Cameo’
A sheltered position in
dappled shade is ideal
for most winter-flowering
camellias. Taller trees with
light canopies like eucalypts
can provide the perfect
type of broken shade that
they love. In hotter and drier
climates, a camellia is likely
to need deeper shade; but
don’t panic if conditions are
not perfect. Camellias are
basically a tough plant once
established and if the soil and
drainage is good, they can be
very forgiving.
Preparing the soil
Camellias need excellent
drainage, so if your soil is
heavy clay, build up soil in
mounds with plenty of Searles
5IN1 Plus or Searles Azalea,
Camellia & Gardenia Mix.
Always mulch well after
planting and reapply mulch
once or twice every year.
Camellias are also excellent
for growing in pots. Use pots at
least 40cm wide and fill with
Searles Azalea, Camellia &
Gardenia Mix.
Star performer, Camellia
japonica ‘Great Eastern’.
A good mulch will help stop
the soil from drying out, keep
the roots cool in summer and
will eventually break down to
improve the structure of the
soil. Lucerne, sugar cane mulch
and Searles Mulch Plus are all
excellent mulches. Water well
before mulching and lay mulch
up to 12cm thick, keeping it
clear of the trunk.
Camellias need plenty of water
during their first few years, but
only stock varieties that grow
well in your area, so the easiest once established are quite
drought tolerant. Immediately
way to select the perfect
after planting, water them
camellia may be to pay your
local garden centre a visit. The every day for about a month.
best time to select a japonica After that, water once a
week. During the second year,
is in winter, when they are
camellias should only need
in flower. This can help with
colour selection but also gives watering once a week in
spring and summer and once
you the reassurance that you
have a healthy specimen that a month in autumn and winter.
After five years they should be
flowers well.
able to fend for themselves.
Water requirements will vary
Mulching is one of the secrets with light conditions, climate,
to growing beautiful camellias. soil quality and mulching, so
Manufactured by:
186 Glenmount Rd Tanawha
nawha Q 4556
Ph: (07) 5476 6245 • Fax (07) 5445 6364
keep an eye on the soil and
learn to judge when watering
is needed.
advanced specimen over a
small seedling. Even though
camellias will flower in their
first year, they need to reach
Camellia sizes
a certain size before they look
Japonica camellias are usually truly grand when in flower!
a large shrub which can reach
about 5m in height. However,
there are many different
What you’ll need...
varieties with different growth
habits. Because japonicas
are slow growing, they are
easy to keep compact
with occasional pruning.
Their slow growth can also
mean that if you’re a little
impatient it could be a good
investment to choose a more
‘Bob Hope’
Which variety?
There are thousands of
japonica camellias in
existence so the toughest
challenge will be choosing
your favourite. Their blooms
can be large and flamboyant
and available in a wide variety
of forms and colours, including
every shade of pink, white,
true red and variegated forms.
Reputable garden centres will
‘Nuccio’s Gem’
‘Chandler’s Victory’
Ashley’s Pest Watch
If you want a perfect lawn
that you can walk on without
all the painful bindii prickles,
then you need to spray now
to clean up for spring.
by Ashley Searle
Bindii patrol
Winter is a time when many
nuisance weeds and prickles
seem to invade our home
turf, causing much pain and
frustration. One such major
nuisance weed is the bindii.
If you have ever walked on
a bindii and felt the sharp
pain they cause, you may be
interested to know that it is
actually the seed that forms the
prickle. Bindii grows in the winter
and sets seed from late
winter to early spring.
The trick to stopping bindii
from spreading is to spray
them in winter as soon
as you see them, before
the prickles develop, and
continue to repeat spray
every 3 weeks until they are
all gone. Repeat spraying
is important as this will
control weeds that have
germinated after the prior
One excellent weed killer
which kills bindii and many
other weeds is Searles
Lawn Perfect .
Searles Lawn Perfect is a
powerful spray containing 3
herbicides that effectively knock
out bindii, dandelion, clover and
many other common lawn weeds.
Searles Lawn Perfect is suitable
for use on many types of lawn
including couch, Queensland
blue couch, carpet grass, kikuyu,
fescue & saltene, either on newly
sown lawn or established lawn.
For better coverage
When spraying weeds,
for greater success add
a wetting agent, such as
Searles Spredmax . Searles
Spredmax helps the spray to
stick to the weeds, giving far
better knockdown of weeds.
Need a weed killer that is
safe to use on your
Buffalo Lawn?
Including Sir Walter and Palmetto lawns.
So remember, for a perfect
lawn this year:
• Spray with Searles Lawn
Perfect every 2-3 weeks
• And don’t forget to add
Searles Spredmax .
If you do this every 3 weeks,
you’ll enjoy a beautiful lawn
without the worry of weeds
and prickles.
GARDEN, Ag & Pest
Grub, Ant & Pest Controller:
Controls ants, spiders,
cockroaches, lawn beetle,
lawn grub, and armyworm in
the home garden.
Superway Dicamba-M is a
selective herbicide for the
control of bindii, thistle, cudweed,
clover and dandelion in most
lawns except buffalo grass.
Active ingredients: 80G/L
Dicamba 340G/L MCPA
(a quality assured company, proudly Australian owned and operated)
Available 250ml, 500ml & 1litre chamber pack.
Delta-M: is a non staining
residual insecticide, for
the control of spiders,
cockroaches, fleas, ants,
silverfish, flies and mosquitoes.
Available in 250ml, 500ml and 1 litre packs.
Weedkiller: provides effective
control of most broadleaf
weeds and grasses. 1 litre
of concentrate’ Makes up
to 100 Litres of ready-to-use
Highly concentrated. Available in 1litre pack.
Available in 250ml to 20 litres and 1 litre 'ready-to-use' spraypack.
Dimethoate 300: Is a systemic insecticide which
provides effective control of a range of insect pests
(including fruit fly, aphids, leaf miner and thrips) on fruit
trees and other plants in and around the garden.
Available in 250ml, 500ml and 1 litre chamber pack.
P.O. Box 183, Beerwah Qld 4519
Ph: (07) 5439 0355
Fax: (07) 5439 0366
Satisfaction guaranteed or your money back. Trade enquiries welcome.
Ideal for controlling bindii,
clover, oxalis and other weeds.
Before using this product, always read the product label for
full directions, applications, safety and handling directions.
Not suitable to be used on ST varieties of Buffalo grass.
Ask for Searles Buffalo Master® at your nearest gardening outlet or Ph: 07 5422 3000
For champion
roses, use...
Ask for these great Searles products at your nearest gardening outlet. Ph: 07 5422 3000