### Online Activities

Unit 5
A C T I V I T Y 31
AC TIVIT Y
25 MIN
Customary Units of Capacity
Use after
Unit 5, Session 4.7
Vocabulary/Vocabulario
capacity/
cup/
taza
gallon/
galón
pint/
pinta
quart/
cuarto de galón
Some other units of capacity are pint and quart. Label your second mark “pint”
and your fourth mark “quart.” From the bottom, count up 16 marks, and label
that mark “gallon.” Circulate to make sure students have their jugs labeled correctly.
• measuring cups/
tazas de medir
• plastic gallon jugs/
botellones de plástico de un
galón
• markers/
• water (or sand)/
agua (o arena)
• pint containers/
recipientes de 1 pinta
• quart containers/
recipientes de 1 cuarto de galón
• Activity 31 Master (see below)/
Un i t 5
NOTE Students choose appropriate
customary units and measures
of capacity.
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Activity 31
MASTER
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Equal Groups
Give each group a measuring cup, a gallon jug,
a marker, and at least a gallon of water (or sand).
Today we are going to learn about capacity.
Capacity tells how much a container can hold.
The small container holds about 1 cup . The jug
Show students how to measure 1 cup. Measure and
pour 1 cup of water into the jug. With your marker,
mark the level for 1 cup. Keep pouring into the jug
by cupfuls. Mark the level for each cup you pour.
Materials/Materiales
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Give each group a pint and a quart container to help students visualize the relative sizes
of these units of capacity. How many cups are in 1 pint? How do you know?
Students might say:
“There are 2 cups in 1 pint because there are 2 marks for a pint, and
each mark is 1 cup.”
Ask students to use their jug to tell how many pints are
in a quart, how many cups are in a quart, and how many
quarts are in a gallon. As each relationship is developed, have
students write the relationships on their papers as shown.
1 pint ⫽ 2 cups
2 pints ⫽ 1 quart
4 cups ⫽ 1 quart
4 quarts ⫽ 1 gallon
What unit would you use to measure sugar for a recipe?
What unit would you use to measure water in a bathtub?
Have students describe other situations where they have experienced these units
of capacity.
Display pint, quart, and gallon containers that are partially ﬁlled with water. Have
students estimate how much water is in each container in terms of cups, pints, quarts,
or a fraction of a gallon.
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PR AC TICE
In the Activity 31 Master, students choose appropriate customary units and
measures of capacity.
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Use after Unit 5, Session 4.7
Unit 5: Equal Groups
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