ExamView - Chapter 14 TH Quiz 0910

American History
Mr. Broach
Chapter 14 Take-Home Quiz: Industrial Revolution, 1860-1900
DO NOT write on this copy, it must be returned in good condition. Answer all questions on a separate sheet of paper.
Take Home Quiz for Chapter 14:
1. Which of the following made possible the American industrial growth of the late 1800s?
a) the household economy
c) government reforms
b) technological advances
d) the development of labor unions
2. How did the experiments of Thomas Edison and George Westinghouse revolutionize the daily lives of many Americans?
3. How did industrial growth affect the distribution of wealth in the United States?
a) All Americans enjoyed a higher standard of
c) Wealth was concentrated in the hands of a
living.
few industrialists.
b) The income gap between farmers and factory d) The income gap between rich and poor grew
workers widened.
smaller.
4. John D. Rockefeller gained control of much of the oil industry by ______________.
5. During the late 1800s, children often worked in factories because
a) their parents believed in the process of
c) employers offered high wages to skilled
“natural selection.”
children.
b) families needed the income to survive.
d) there were no public schools for children to
attend.
6. Without the Bessemer process, Americans might not have been able to create
a) train engines.
c) the Morse code.
b) sewing machines.
d) the Brooklyn Bridge.
7. Why were industrialists during the age of big business called “captains of industry”?
a) They were willing to use any means to win
c) They created a technological revolution with
the war against their competition.
their ideas.
b) They increased the supply of goods and
d) They drained the country of its natural
created many jobs.
resources.
8. By the end of the 1800s, how did most Americans view industrialists?
a) They admired them for trying to help
c) They did not trust them.
consumers.
b) They respected their success at driving out the d) They believed that they had worker interests
competition.
at heart.
9. What inventions (name more than one) allowed manufacturers to build factories away from rivers?
10. Describe (or diagram) the differences between horizontal integration and vertical integration.
11. Andrew Carnegie gained control of a large percentage of the steel industry by doing all of the following except
a) buying out his suppliers.
c) buying out his competitors.
b) cutting the quality of his products.
d) underselling his competitors.
12. Unlike the Knights of Labor, the American Federation of Labor included in its membership
a) African Americans.
c) only skilled workers.
b) women and children.
d) many farmers and factory workers.
13. In which of the following places did 146 female workers die in a fire?
a) Haymarket Square
c) the Triangle Shirtwaist Factory
b) the Pullman factory
d) Carnegie Steel's Homestead Plant
14. What were “yellow-dog contracts”?
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15. Who were scabs and why were they unpopular?
16. What inventions made skyscraper construction possible?
17. What did industrial consolidation and trusts reduce during the late 1800s?
a) corruption
c) competition
b) Monopolies
d) interstate commerce
18. Who organized the Industrial Workers of the World?
a) radical unionists and socialists
c)
b) female workers in the dressmaking trade
d)
19. What was the goal of the Interstate Commerce Act?
a) to build new railroads
c)
b) to destroy the railroad industry
d)
railroad workers, both skilled and unskilled
African-American workers, both skilled and
unskilled
to lower excessive railroad rates
to increase the power of railroads
20. All of the following factors contributed to the immense industrial boom of the early 1900s except
a) a wealth of natural resources.
c) a growing urban population.
b) government support for business.
d) the emergence of the middle class.
21. The Sherman Antitrust Act
a) outlawed the formation of trusts that
interfered with free trade.
b) was supported by millionaire industrialists.
c)
d)
was used by labor unions to fight for workers'
rights.
encouraged the establishment of large-scale
businesses.
22. Social Darwinism was used to justify all of the following except
a) the existence of poverty.
c) the power of millionaire industrialists.
b) the success of big business.
d) government regulation of business.
INTERPRETING A CROSS-SECTIONAL MAP
23. What city was the lowest point on the Union Pacific section of the railroad?
24. How long was the transcontinental railroad?
25. What mountain range had the highest point on the Central Pacific section of the railroad?
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26. Why did most new railroad construction take place in the western part of the country after 1870?
27. How did the federal government assist in the construction of transcontinental railroads?
28. What change does the map show between 1870 and 1890?
ANALYZING A DOCUMENT
The excerpt below comes from a New York newspaper article that appeared on September 26, 1874. In it the reporter
describes the tenement factories in which cigar makers had to live and work. Use it to answer the questions below.
. . . Entering the narrow hall, . . . the olfactories [sense of smell] are at once startled by a
pungent odor, so strong in some instances as to make a sensitive person sneeze “on sight,” or rather
“on smell.” This is, of course, the tobacco. . . . It was said that in cold weather the odor was so
overpowering and pungent, doors and windows being closed, that persons unaccustomed thereto
were compelled to shut their eyes in pain. Yet about 4,000 people eat, cook and sleep, as well as
work, in these places. Young children fall asleep from the narcotic effects of the pervading odor.
Women suffer greatly from it. . . .
—The New York Sun, September 26, 1874
29. How did working conditions affect the health of workers in cigar factories?
30. During what time of year was the tobacco odor most overpowering? Why?
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31. What is the subject of this cartoon?
a) what the Senate chamber looks like
b) Standard Oil and the Senate
c)
d)
monopolists and the Senate
how senators treat voters
32. What message is the cartoonist sending by portraying the monopolists as larger in size than the senators?
a) The monopolists have more power to influence the government.
b) The monopolists represent the majority of the population.
c) The monopolists work harder.
d) The monopolists voice the concerns of the people more effectively.
33. What message is presented by the state of the two entrances to the Senate?
a) Common people and monopolists share equal rights to representation.
b) The monopolists need a larger door because they are larger people.
c) Common people's rights to government have been taken over by monopolists.
d) The Senate has been elected or appointed by wealthy people.
34. How does the cartoonist depict the power of the monopolists?
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