### pdates and Tape Diagrams

```Updates
and
Tape Diagrams
STEM and Instructional Resources
Coach’s Meeting
2/15/2013
K- Counting and Cardinality,
K-5 Operations and Algebraic Thinking
Counting and Cardinality are Operations and Algebraic
Thinking are about understanding and using numbers.
Progressions in Operations and Algebraic Thinking deals with
basic operations- the quantitative relationships they model,
the kinds of problems they can be used to solve, as well as
their mathematical properties and relationships.
The Progression describes concepts, properties and
relationship that extend to other number systems, to
measures, and to algebra.
The Progressions are designed to help students extend
arithmetic beyond whole number and understand and apply
expressions and equations in later grades.
Operation Progression
Subtraction
Multiplication
Division
Commutativity and associativity of addition and
multiplication
Computational methods - strategies
Counting and Cardinality
Saying counting words
Subitizing
Counting and counting on
Spoken number words to written base-ten
numerals to base-10 system
Operations and Algebraic Thinking Grades K-2
Methods used for solving single-digit addition and subtraction
problems
Working within 5, 10, 20
Representing and solving new type of problem situation (compare)
Representing and solving the subtypes for all unknowns in all
positions
Extend addition and subtraction problem solving beyond 10, to
problems within 20
Two step word problems
3-5 Operations and Algebraic Thinking
Common types of multiplication and division situations
Levels in problem representation and solution:
making and counting all quantities
repeated counting on
use of the associative and/or the distributive property to
compose
and decompose
Using a letter for the unknown quantity, the order of operations, and
two-step word problems for all operations
3-5 Operations and Algebraic Thinking
Multiplication Comparison
Factors, multiples, and prime and composite
numbers
Generating and analyzing patterns
Connections to NF and NBT in Grades 3-5
Sarah collected 8 more shells than Penny.
Penny collected 7 shells. How many shells
did they collect altogether?
Milking It for All It’s Worth!
What is the difference in the number they collected?
How many more would Penny need to collect to have more than Sarah?
How many would Sarah have to lose to have fewer than Penny?
Noah and Luca had the same number of comic books.
Noah gave 3 to a friend, while Luca bought 5 more to
add to his collection. How many more comic books did
Luca have than Noah?
Milking It for All It’s Worth!
What’s the least number of books they could have to start?
If they each had 10 books to start, how may books would they have now?
If they each had 100 books to start, how many books would they have now?
During a roadside clean-up, Manny collected 4 times as
much litter as Henny. If they collected 15 pounds of litter
altogether, how many pounds of litter did Manny collect?
Milking It for All It’s Worth!
How much did Manny collect?
How much did Henny collect?
What is the difference in the amount each collected?
In one 4th grade class, 2/7 of the students wear glasses. If there
are 21 students in the class, how many do not wear glasses?
Milking It for All It’s Worth!
How many wear glasses? How many do not wear glasses?
How many more students do not wear glasses than do?
What is 1/3 the number who do not wear glasses?
Keisha bakes a pan of brownies for a family picnic. She takes
1/2 of the brownies to the picnic. At the picnic, her family eats
3/8 of the whole pan of brownies. What fraction of the whole pan
of brownies doe Keisha bring back from the picnic? (pg. 312 Go Math)
Milking It for All It’s Worth!
How much less than ½ the brownies did her family eat?
Any other questions?
\$240 was shared in the ration of 2 : 3 :1 by Jay, Nick,
and Mandy. How much money did each one get?
Milking It for All It’s Worth!
What is the difference in the amounts each one shared?
How much would each get if they shared \$360?
There were 120 boys at the school assembly. There
were 15 more girls than boys. How many students
were at the assembly altogether?
Chad and Jamie collect baseball cards. Both boys
started the summer with the same number of cards.
Chad lost 8 cards and Jamie collected another 13
cards. How many more cards does Jamie have
Partitive Division
The basketball team has 80 students signed up. The
Coach divided them into 4 equal teams. How many
students are on each team?
Go Math Example, Gr. 4, Ch. 2, P37
Juan, Steve, and Gabriella bought a total of 30 markers at an art store. Juan bought
3 more markers than Steve. Gabriella bought 7 times as many markers as Steve.
How many markers did each buy?
Working with Fractions
There were 75 swimming pools at a local store. If 3/5 of the pools were sold during
one hot summer day, how many pools were left for sale after that day?
One or Two Variable
There are 30 glass jars in a box. 2/6 of them are broken. How
many glass jars are not broken?
Fraction within a Fraction
Akia earned \$30 babysitting Friday night. She spent half of the money on a new pair
of shoes, and she spent 1/3 of the remaining money on lunch. Does she have
enough money to also buy a CD that costs \$12.98?
Carol made 300 cookies for a bake sale. She sold ¾ of the
cookies in the morning and 2/3 of the remainder in the afternoon.
How many cookies did Carol have leftover?
Three-fifths of the students in class have brown eyes. There
are 7 more students with brown eyes than without brown
eyes. How many student are in the class?
Working with Ratios
Cracker and cookies are ordered for snack at a ratio of 3:1.
If 100 snacks were ordered, how many were cookies?
Challenge Problem
A father is four times as old as his son now. If the father was
46 years old 2 years ago, find the son’s age now.
Where the Operations and Algebraic Thinking