Density, Temp, and Scientific Notation

```Density, Temp, and Scientific Notation
Wednesday, September 09, 2009
8:23 AM
Density, Temperature, and Scientific Notation
FYI: You may need to look up the density values for various substances in some of
these questions. Your textbook is a good place to start ;)
1. Pumice is a volcanic rock that contains many trapped air bubbles. A 155-g sample
is found to have a volume of 163 mL.
a) What is the density of pumice?
155g/163 mL = .951 g/mL
b) What is the volume of a 4.56-kg sample?
c) Will pumice float or sink in water? In ethyl alcohol?
Density Water = 1.00 g/mL
Float in water
Density Ethanol = .789 g/mL
Sink in ethanol
2. A small box is filled with liquid mercury. The dimensions of the box are 3.00 cm
wide, 8.50 cm long, and 6.00 cm high. What is the mass of the mercury in the box?
(1.00 mL = 1 cm3)
V = 3.00 cm x 8.50 cm x 6.00 cm = 153 cm 3
Density Mercury = 13.546 g/mL
D = m/V --> m = DV
m= 13.546 g/mL x 153 cm 3 = 2.07 x 10 3 g
3. The volume of liquid in a graduated cylinder is 14.00 mL. When a certain solid is
added, the volume reads 92.45 mL. The mass of the solid is 136.5 g. What might the
solid be?
Volume = 92.45 mL - 14.00 mL = 78.45 mL
D = 136.5g ÷ 78.45 mL = 1.740 g/mL
Kerosene 0.82 g/mL
Aluminum 2.70 g/mL
Ice (0°C) 0.92 g/mL
Magnesium 1.74 g/mL
Table salt 2.16 g/mL
4. Mercury thermometers cannot be used in cold arctic climates because mercury
freezes at -39°C. What is this temperature in degrees Fahrenheit?
5. Convert the following temperatures to the Kelvin or Celsius scale.
a) 175 K
b) 47°C
c) 300 K
d) -12°C
d) -12°C
6. Express the following numbers in scientific notation.
a) 423,000 4.23 x 105
b) 433.8 4.338 x 10 2
c) 0.0020 2.0 x 10-3
d) 0.00000106 1.06 x 10-6
7. Without a calculator, carry out each of the following operations.
a) (1.42 x 10-10) + (0.17 x 10-10) + (1.43 x 10-9)
b) (299 x 1010) + (823 x 108) + (0.75 x 1011)
c) (7 x 10-5) x (8 x 10-6)
d) (1.8 x 10-4) ÷ (3.0 x 10-2)
Adapted from Basic Concepts of Chemistry by Leo J. Malone