How to read a textbook – SQ4R Learn smarter, not harder… Learn smarter, not harder… Jigsaw puzzle - 500 pieces - two groups One group - puzzle in the original box Second group – puzzle in a brown bag Who will finish the puzzle first? …Seems pretty obvious, doesn’t it? Learn smarter, not harder… When you pick up a text book and just start reading it… …that is like working the puzzle without being able to see the picture on the box! The SQ4R Study Method SQ4R is like having the picture on the puzzle box. You spend a little time up front… …that pays big dividends in improving your learning efficiency and effectiveness. The SQ4R Study Method • Survey • Question • Read • Recall • Review/Reflect • Relate & Connect SQ4R Method • S = Survey • Look for structure & organization of chapter • Q = Question • Turn each heading into question • 4 R’s = Reading, Recalling, Reviewing & Relating • Read to answer above question • Recall the answer to question • Review/Reflect – immediate & delayed • Relate – How does this connect to what you already know? How to read a textbook – SQ4R Survey • Title – Introductory paragraphs • Background, purpose – Headings, subheadings • Outline – Summary Survey: Get the “Big Picture” • What reader aids are included in the text? • Read all the titles and subtitles. • Read captions under pictures, charts, graphs, or maps. • Read the questions at the end of the chapter. • If there is a summary read it. • Get an overview of what the chapter is about. How to read a textbook – SQ4R Question • Formulate questions before you read – Heading and subtitle – Journalistic questions • 1 Husband & 5 Wives – Reading is thinking – good students think while they read. Question: Reading for Specific Purpose •Turn each title and subtitle into a question. •What questions will the chapter answer? •Ask yourself, "What will my teacher ask about this chapter or topic?“ •What do I already know about this topic? How to read a textbook – SQ4R Read • Read material under one heading or subheading • Read ideas • Take minimal notes Read: Active Search of Answers •What is the writer’s purpose? •Reduce your speed for difficult passages. •Stop and reread parts that are not clear. Activity 1: Skimming for general information Survey the questions. Then skim the passage in 30 seconds. DO NOT spend more than this amount of time on your first reading. Record the correct answer to each question. Sometimes called puma, panther, or mountain lion, the agile cougar has a greater natural range than any other mammal in the Western Hemisphere except humans. However, long viewed as a threat to livestock, it has been intensively hunted since the arrival of European colonists to the Americas and was almost extinct by the early twentieth century. While protective measures have been implemented in the United States, humans continue to destroy the cougar’s habitat, further endangering this solitary cat. 1 This passage is about A) a person B) a place C) an animal D) a time. 2 This passage discusses A) a problem B) a solution C) an opinion D) a policy. 3 The author of this passage expresses A) love B) concern C) joy D) anger. 4 The topic of this passage is A) the cougar B) mammals of the Western Hemisphere C) endangered species D) a threat to livestock Sometimes called 2: puma,Scanning panther, or mountain lion, the agile cougar has a Activity for Details (same greater natural range than any other mammal in the Western Hemisphere passage) except humans. However, long viewed as a threat to livestock, it has been intensively hunted since the arrival European colonists tothe the questions Americas and Allow yourself ONE minute to doofthis exercise. Read wasbelow almostabout extinct bypassage the earlyintwentieth measures the Activitycentury. 1. Then,While usingprotective the related have been implemented in the United States, humans continue to destroy the words in bold print below, QUICKLY scan the passage to find the cougar’s habitat, further endangering this solitary cat. answer to each question. Record your answer. 1 The cougar is know by how many other names? 2 In what part of the world does the cougar live? 3 At what point in time did the cougar face extinction? 4 What country has measures to protect the cougar? Answers to Activities 1 and 2 Activity 1 1) C 2) A 3) B 4) A Activity 2 1 three 2 the Western Hemisphere 3 the early twentieth century 4 the United States How to read a textbook – SQ4R Recall • Answer the questions you asked before you began reading • Use your own words Read Recall 1 month 30% 80% 2 months 14% 70% Recall: Put in your own words •Ask yourself questions about what was just read and/or summarize, in your own words, what was read. How to read a textbook – SQ4R Record • Take notes from the reading (journal form) • Highlight/underline main ideas & supporting details How to read a textbook – SQ4R Review • Look over your notes and headings/subheadings for overview • Recall supporting details • Predict test questions based on main points Relate: Making Links •Link to previous knowledge •How you can use this information? •What else you need to know more about? SQ4R - Reflection What do you think of this strategy? Would it work for you? Why/why not? SQ4R Method • S = Survey • Look for structure & organization of chapter • Q = Question • Turn each heading into question • 4 R’s = Reading, Recalling, Reviewing & Relating • Read to answer above question • Recall the answer to question • Review/Reflect – immediate & delayed • Relate – How does this connect to what you already know? Questions?
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