US HISTORY UNIT 2 EXAM REVIEW QUESTIONS 1. What was the policy of the US government toward the Indians in the period immediately prior to the Civil War? 2. What was the Populist Party, and why was it established in the 1890's? 3. What industry did Andrew Carnegie dominate? 4. What industry did J.P. Morgan dominate? 5. What were the most important reasons for the growth of labor unions in the latter half of the 19th century? 6. Explain the concept of the "Gospel of Wealth.” 7. What were the main factors that led to the settlement of the Western Frontier? 8. What was bimetallism, and who supported it? 9. What impact did U.S. governmental polices have on business and industry during the late 1800s? 10. What was the Dawes Act of 1887? 11. Explain what vertical and horizontal integration were. 12. In 1882, Congress passed an "exclusion act” which immigrant group was impacted by this law, and for how long? 13. How was John D. Rockefeller able to succeed in the oil industry? 14. In the 19th century, what was a trust? 15. Samuel Gompers was a leading proponent of what industrial issue? 16. During the late 19th century, what were political machines? 17. Describe the main goals of the "Social Gospel" of late 19th century 18. What did Thomas Edison invent? 19. What did Henry Ford invent? 20. What did George Eastman invent? 21. What did Alexander Graham Bell invent? 22. Why was the Pullman Strike of 1894 significant in American labor history? 23. The "New Immigration" to the United States in the late-nineteenth century refers to the increased numbers of people arriving from what parts of the world? 24. Why did most of the immigrants who came to America in the late 19th century settle in the cities? 25. What were some of the challenges of urbanization and industrialization? 26. What was Jane Addams's "Hull House" of the late19th century? 27. The beginning of the Industrial Age in the United States is MOST associated with which era? 28. Who was Boss Tweed. What did he do? 29. What was Booker T. Washington’s philosophy for African-Americans to rise out of poverty? 30. What was WEB Dubois’ philosophy for AfricanAmericans to rise out of poverty? 31. Which group was founded in 1909 under the leadership of W.E.B. Dubois in an effort to combat racial discrimination, racial violence, and segregation in the United States? 32. Why were Cattle drives able to boom during the late 1800’s? 33. How did political machines gather votes in the late 18th century and early 19th century?
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