The Andes and the Pampas By Kiley , Kiana, Mackenzie, Trey, Jacob, Warren, Jason Physical Features - PAMPAS STRETCH FOR 250,00 SQUARE MILES - THE ANDES MOUNTAINS WERE FORMED BY THE NAZCA AND SOUTH AMERICAN PLATE - THE ANDES MOUNTAINS ARE RICH IN METALS LIKE GOLD AND SILVER - THE PAMPAS ARE VAST FERTILE GRASSLANDS - THE ATACAMA STRETCHES THE WEST COAST OF SOUTH AMERICA Climate Climate can change because of proximity to the equator. El Nino can change the climate. The Atacama Desert has rough terrain. The West of the Andes is cool and dry. East of the Andes is rainy. North is wet and hot Ecosystems Ecosystems vary depending on where you are. Near the equator it is hot and wet, near the mountains its cooler and wetter as you go up. Andes farmers grow different crops at different elevations depending on how hot, dry, cool, or wet it is. Land Use/ Resources Pampas are ideal for cattle ranching. Subsistence farming happens in the Andes. Commercial farming happens in the Pampas. Andes mountains have metals to mine. Hydroelectric dams make electricity but it isn’t always good. People Few large cities in Paraguay, Ecuador, and Bolivia. Smaller pop. Live in rural areas. Like mountains, valleys, grasslands, and tropical rainforests. Early settlers liked cooler and rich resources in the Andean Islands, now most people live near the coast. The biggest city is Buenos Aires, Argentina. Argentinians are of Spanish and Italian heritage. People of Andean countries are mestizos and natives. Vocabulary Cordilleras- parallel chains of mountains. El Nino- Warming of ocean waters along the west coast of Peru.
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