Ch. 19 Sect. 4 Suffrage At Last Objectives: 1. List some of the efforts Susan B. Anthony and other women made in their quest to win suffrage at the turn of the century. 2. Summarize the different strategies that suffragists used to win the vote. 3. Analyze the factors that led to a final victory for the suffragists. Main Idea: While demonstrating their skills as organizers and activists, women finally won the right to vote with the ratification of the 19th Amendment in 1920. Early Suffrage Movement The women’s suffrage movement began in Seneca Falls, New York in 1848. It will take women 72 years to officially be given the right to vote all across the United States. The movement gained publicity when Susan B. Anthony was arrested with a group of women for demanding to vote in 1872. Her act of civil disobedience resulted in a conviction and $100 fine (which she refused to pay). Bradwell v. Illinois Women did make some progress through the years. By 1900, married women could buy, sell, and will property. Women still however, were primarily expected to remain at home. In 1873, Bradwell v. Illinois, Myra Bradwell was denied a state license to practice law. She sued the state and her case went all the way to the U.S. Supreme Court. The U.S. Supreme Court upheld the decision by Illinois and refused to issue her a law license (given license in 1890). Myra Bradwell 1831 - 1894 Suffrage Strategies The suffrage movement had two strategies and was led by the NAWSA organization: 1) pressure each state to give women the right to vote or 2) to get an amendment added to the Constitution giving all women the right to vote. Strategy number one in the beginning was the most successful, especially out west. From 1890 - 1918, 15 states gave women the right to vote and 27 states allowed women to vote in the 1916 presidential election. Suffrage Strategies Continued Adding an amendment to the Constitution was much more difficult. Women first asked for an amendment in 1868 and Susan B. Anthony asked for an amendment in 1878. By 1917, NAWSA was the largest volunteer organization in the U.S. (2 million) pushing for women’s suffrage. 19th Amendment World War I showed that women were vital to the success of the United States and prohibition (18th amendment passed in 1919) kept alcohol makers for trying to keep women from voting. The NAWSA, World War I, and prohibition all helped women finally earn the right to vote statewide. Finally, the 19th amendment was ratified August 26, 1920, allowing all women the right to vote.
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