Victorian Topographic Map Symbology

Freeway: Hard surface formation, high volume, high speed roads declared as “Freeway”
comprising dual carriageway and full access control and grade separated intersections.
The State of Victoria, Department of Sustainability and Environment 2012
Building: A man made structure. Buildings that cannot be shown individually may be
shown by a representative pattern.
Post Office: A local office for receiving, distributing, and transmitting mail, selling
stamps and providing telecommunication services, etc.
Highway:Hard surface roads which are of importance in a national sense, and/or are of
a major interstate through route, and/or are principal connector roads between capitals
and/or major regions and/or key towns. Maybe Unsealed.
Public Hall: A large public building used for gatherings or entertainment.
Bridge: A structure erected over a depression or obstacle to carry traffic or some facility
such as a pipeline.
Church: A building used for religous worship.
School: An establishment where instruction is given, especially one for children.
Police station: An office of the local police force.
SES: An office of the local State Emergency Service.
Hospital: An institute in which the sick and injured persons are given medical or
surgical treatment.
Emergency Marker: Emergency Markers are designed to pinpoint your exact location
during an emergency in public open spaces or a hard to define locality.
Transmission Line
Road Restrictions
S.S.C: Subject to seasonal closure.
R.U.: Road unmaintained.
Land subject to inundation: Land regularly covered with floodwater for short periods.
Mud or sand flats: An estuarine area between mean high water mark and low tide.
Rocky ledge or reef: Rock or coral exposed between mean high water mark and low
tide, or is a shipping hazard.
Rock, bare or awash: Rocky outcrop or coral level with the water surface which
is a hazard to shipping.
D.W.O.: Dry weather only
Mangroves: Land between low tide and high water mark vegetated with mangrove plants.
Exposed wreck: A wrecked vessel, either submerged or visible, which is attached to
or foul of the bottom or cast up on the shore.
Lighthouse: Artificial structure displaying light for the guidence of mariners.
Breakwater, pier or jetty: A solid structure to break the force of waves to protect the
shore, or a structure used as a promenade or platform for loading passengers or cargo.
Boat ramp: A sloping construction to facilitate launching or retreiving vessels from water.
Wharf: A platform more or less parallel with the shoreline, alongside of which ships
may be secured for loading or unloading cargo or passengers.
Navigation beacon: A prominent specially constructed object forming a conspicuous
mark as a fixed aid to navigation.
Gate or cattle grid: A structure to prevent entrance or passageway to vehicles and/or
Levee bank: An embankment to prevent a river from overflowing or contain irrigation.
Embankment: An artificial bank of earth and/or stone built above the natural surface.
Local Government Area boundary: A gazetted boundary defining the area that
a local government is responsible for.
Cutting: An open excavation to provide passage for a road, railway, canal, drain, etc.
Railway: A permanent way having one or more rails which provide a track for trains.
Tramway: A permanent way having one or more rails which provide a track for trams.
Railway/tramway disused: Non operating but not dismantled rail and tram lines.
Railway/tramway dismantled: Non operating and dismantled rail and tram lines.
Railway station: A point on a railway designated as a stopping place to set down or
pick up passengers or freight.
Railway siding: An area of land with one or more sidings or spur lines to allow trains
to be parked, serviced, assembled or loaded/unloaded.
Railway bridge: A structure, for the navigation of trains, erected over a depression
or road or some facility such as a pipeline.
Railway tunnel: An underground or underwater passage for the navigation of trains.
Water well or bore: Artificial water-producing and/or water holding features constructed
into the ground.
Swamp or marsh: Land saturated with water that is not suitable for agriculture or pasture.
R.P.C.: Road permanantly
Orchard or vineyard: An orderly planting of trees, bushes or vines.
Swimming pool: A small artificial body of still or standing water, permanant or temporary.
Lock: An enclosure in a waterbody with gates at both ends to raise or lower the water
level to enable vessels to pass from one level to another.
Spring: A flow of water issuing naturally out of the ground.
Australian Alps Walking Track: The Australian Alps Walking Track is a 650 kilometre
track that winds through the high country of Victoria, New South Wales and the ACT.
Plantation: An area of land used for the orderly growing of trees for wood production
and/or for transplanting or for sale
1:50 000 or 1:25 000 double format index: Index indicating 1:50 000 or 1:25 000
mapsheet boundaries.
Waterhole: A natural hole containing water, often in the dry bed of an intermittent river.
Bicentennial National Trail: The Bicentennial National Trail is the longest marked
non-motorised self reliant multi-use trekking route in the world, stretching 5,330
kilometres from Cooktown in tropical North Queensland, to Healesville in Victoria.
Dense tree cover: Closely spaced trees.
Cadastre: A depiction of property alignments that define the spatial extent of an
interest in land.
State boundary: A non-physical line indicating the limit or extent of a State or territory.
Rapids: Portions of a stream with accelerated current due to a steep slope.
Rapids in large river: Portions of a river with an accelerated current due to a
steep slope in the river bed.
S.H.W.L.: Subject to height
or weight limits.
Surf Coast Walk: Scenic marked trail that stretches over 30km, weaving its way along
cliff tops, beaches and coastal bushland tracks between Jan Juc and Moggs Creek.
Scattered or Medium tree cover: Density between thinly scattered trees and closely
spaced trees.
Landmark area: Constructed or defined permanant features having landmark value or
useful for navigation.
Recreation area: A tract of public land set apart for recreation, as a public reserve,
or for a specific purpose.
M.V.O: Management vehicles only.
Great Dividing Trail: The Great Dividing Trail, is a 280km public walking trail following
the Great Dividing Range, linking together the old gold rush towns at the heart of
Victoria, as well as the forests, hills and lakes, all straddling the Great Dividing Range.
Restricted area: Area of Commonwealth land where permission is required for entry.
Proposed road: Centreline road alignments which have been received from plans of
subdivision or VicRoads and are yet to be constructed or are in the process of
Quarry: A place where stone or rock is extracted.
Crown land: Land owned and held by the State.
Falls: A sudden descent of water over a cliff or ledge in the bed of a watercourse.
Great South West Walk: The Great South West Walk features the historic South West
region of Victoria taking walkers on a 250km loop tour of the region's coastline and
Landmark: An object or feature of a landscape or town that enables someone to
establish their location.
Parks under National Parks Act: A relatively large area, set aside for its features of
predominantly unspoiled landscape, flora and fauna, permanently dedicated for public
enjoyment, education and inspiration, and protected from all interferences other than
essential management practices, so that its natural attributes are preserved.
Dam or weir: An artificial structure built across a stream to impound water.
Private access road: A road that provides access to one property, and is within the
boundary of the property, and has no function of through road access to adjoining land.
Helipad: An area set aside or designated for the landing of helicopters.
Lake intermittent: A lake which shrinks and may become dry for long periods until
replenished by rainfall.
Walking track, Rail trail, or bicycle track: A pathway allowing bicycle traffic or traffic on
foot. This is not a shared road way with vehicular traffic.
Power transmission line with pylons: A number of cables suspended from towers or
poles and used for the transmission of electricity.
Mine: An excavation in the Earth for the purpose of extracting earth materials.
Drain: An artificial watercourse used for inland drainage.
Lake perennial: A lake that holds water for at least nine years out of ten.
Vehicular track 4WD: Unimproved roads which are generally only passable with four
wheel drive vehicles.
Pipeline disappearing underground: An underground tube of wood, metal, concrete,
etc. especially for the conveyancing of water, natural gas and petroleum.
Tank or well, tanks to scale: A tank, pit or hole dug or bored into the earth, for the
extraction of grain, fluids and gases.
Vehicular track 2WD: Unimproved roads which are generally only passable in two
wheel drive vehicles during fair weather and are used predominately by local traffic.
Pipeline: A tube of wood, metal, concrete, etc. especially for the conveyencing
of water, natural gas and petroleum.
Spot elevation: A selection of spot elevations that best indicates terrain, change of
slope; highest and lowest points are shown.
Aqueduct / channel: An artificial watercourse used for inland navigation, domestic
water supply and irrigation.
Local road unsealed: Loose- surface formation road providing property access.
Chairlift:a ski lift on which riders (skiers or sightseers) are seated and carried up
or down a mountainside; seats are hung from an endless overhead cable
Trigonometric station: A point on the ground determined by geodetic survey.
Adit: A horizontal tunnel into a mine or other underground workings which is used
for drainage, entry, transport, etc.
Local road sealed: Hard surface road providing property access.
Neighbourhood Safer Places: Identified buildings or spaces within the community
that may afford some protection from radiant heat. They are a place of last resort in
bushfire emergencies only.
Pipe underground
Crossing: The shallowed part of a river or stream where it is crossed by pedestrian traffic.
Secondary road unsealed: Widely used loose surface formation roads which are major
connectors between: Freeways and/or Highways, and/or major centres, and/or towns,
or have major tourist importance or which main function is to form the principle avenue
of communication for metropolitan traffic movements, not catered for by freeways or
Ambulance: An office of the local ambulance.
Creek: A small stream or branch of a river; a long stream of intermittent flow; and/or a
narrow coastal inlet.
Secondary road sealed: Well maintained and widely used hard surface formation roads
which are major connectors between: Freeways and/or Highways, and/or Major
centres, and/or key towns, or have major tourist importance or which the main function is
to form the principle avenue of communication for metropolitan traffic movements, not
catered for by freeways or highways.
Fire station: An office of the local fire brigade.
Route marker: Markers identifying statewide route numbering Scheme.
Contours: An artificial line joining points of equal altitude on the earth's surface. Index
contours are indicated every 100m
Depression contours: An artificial line joining points of equal altitude on the earth's
surface that indicate a hollow or relatively sunken area.
River: A stream of fresh water that follows a natural channel, contained within banks,
into the sea, a lake, or another river. Maybe Single or Double Line.
Built up area: An area where buildings are close together and have associated road
and other infrastructure.
Victorian Topographic Map Symbology
Rocky outcrop: Unformed ground surface area of large rocks or boulders.
Hill shading: A technique used to portray relief differences in hilly and
mountainous areas.
Cliff: A high, steep or overhanging face of rock.
Sand: The land surface consisting of small loose grains of rock, both exposed and
under water.
Sand dune: Mound of sand, usually crescent shaped, transverse to the prevailing winds.