NIMS July2012

The National Incident
Management System
and Incident Command System
An Introduction for
Public Transit Personnel
NIMS and ICS for Public Transit Personnel
Ground Rules
• Adjust communication devices to silent, meeting
or vibrate mode
• Return from breaks and lunch on time
• Stay on task during class exercises
• Ask questions and participate in discussions and
activities
NIMS and ICS for Public Transit Personnel
Goal
This course provides training on and resources for
public transit personnel who need a basic
understanding of the National Incident
Management System (NIMS) and its on-scene
Incident Command System (ICS)
Activity 1
How is Transit Involved?
NIMS and ICS for Public Transit Personnel
Course Introduction
• Public transit agencies have a history of assisting during
planned events and crisis situations and of making
substantial contributions to local emergency operations
by:
 Maintaining residents’ mobility
 Providing mobility for responders and recovery
workers
• This course will familiarize you with both the National
Incident Management System and the Incident
Command System
NIMS and ICS for Public Transit Personnel
Course Objectives
By the end of this course, you will be able to:
• Describe the benefits of NIMS and its on-scene Incident
Command System (ICS)
• Explain the coordination effort that happens during internal
and external events or incidents
• List reasons why a transit system needs to adopt NIMS and
train employees to appropriate competency levels
• Describe the organizational structure of ICS
• Summarize the magnitude of NIMS resource management
processes and the ways that transit contributes resources
NIMS and ICS for Public Transit Personnel
Course Outline
• Introduction to NIMS
• Preparedness
• Communications and Information Management
• Resource Management
• Command and Management
• Ongoing Management and Maintenance
Module 1
Introduction to NIMS
NIMS and ICS for Public Transit Personnel
Objectives
By the end of this module, you will be able to:
• Identify the reasons for using NIMS
• Examine the ways transit employees can
contribute to incident management
• Describe the fundamentals of NIMS
NIMS and ICS for Public Transit Personnel
National Incident Management System
NIMS is a nation-wide, standardized approach for all
emergency response agencies and supporting agencies
such as transit systems to prepare for, respond to, and
recover from domestic incidents regardless of:
• Cause
•
Type
•
Size
•
Complexity
•
Location
NIMS and ICS for Public Transit Personnel
NIMS: What Isn’t It?
NIMS isn’t:
• A specific operational incident management plan
• A resource allocation plan
• A terrorism/WMD-specific Plan
• Designed to address international events
NIMS and ICS for Public Transit Personnel
Mandate for Adopting NIMS
The Homeland Security Presidential Directive-5
(HSPD-5) calls for a National Response Framework
that:
• Requires all federal departments and agencies to
adopt and use NIMS
• Requires state and local organizations that
receive federal preparedness grants to adopt
NIMS
NIMS and ICS for Public Transit Personnel
NRF and NIMS
• The National Response Framework (NRF)
establishes:
 Federal coordination structures and
mechanisms
 Direction for incorporating existing plans
 Consistent incident management
approaches
• NIMS establishes:
 Standards for incident management
processes, protocols, and procedures
 The mandate for adopting ICS
NIMS and ICS for Public Transit Personnel
Why Use NIMS?
• Incidents or events that are not
managed will grow and spread
• Mismanagement will make
conditions more dangerous for
residents and responders
• Streamlining and standardizing
multi-agency/multi-jurisdictional
efforts improves overall response
NIMS and ICS for Public Transit Personnel
Why Do You Need NIMS?
• During an incident or event, your agency
can be:
 A primary resource
 Directly affected
• As public organizations, transit agencies
are expected to assist in resolving incidents
• As an employee, your understanding of
NIMS will ensure your seamless integration
into the incident management process
NIMS and ICS for Public Transit Personnel
Why Does NIMS Need Transit?
• Moves people away from the
danger of an incident
• Transports emergency
personnel to and from an
incident
• Manages transportation needs
to help control traffic flow and
congestion
NIMS and ICS for Public Transit Personnel
Why Does NIMS Need Transit?
• Mobilizes people without access
to personal vehicles (commuters,
tourists, those without cars)
• Transports people with specific
needs
• Performs Emergency Support
Function (ESF)-1: Transportation
NIMS and ICS for Public Transit Personnel
Hurricane Katrina
New Orleans Mayor Ray Nagin stated on a radio show
that he NEEDS buses to transport the residents out of
New Orleans after the devastation of Hurricane Katrina.
- When the Levees Broke: A Requiem in Four Acts. Dir. Spike Lee.
HBO. 2006.
NIMS and ICS for Public Transit Personnel
Fundamentals of NIMS
NIMS relies on three basic concepts:
• Coordination and interoperability
• Processes and standards
• Flexibility
NIMS and ICS for Public Transit Personnel
Coordination and Interoperability
NIMS establishes guidelines for
improving coordination and
interoperability
• Coordination encompasses
teamwork, communication, and
accountability
• Interoperability is the ability of
systems, personnel, and
equipment to operate effectively
together
NIMS and ICS for Public Transit Personnel
Processes and Standards
NIMS reduces confusion in terminology,
resource descriptions, and position titles
through consistency in:
• Training programs
• Command and management systems
• Resource management processes
• Communication and information
management procedures
NIMS and ICS for Public Transit Personnel
Flexibility
By nature of its flexibility, NIMS can be used at
incidents or events of any size.
Small
Large
NIMS and ICS for Public Transit Personnel
MN Bridge Collapse Video
NIMS and ICS for Public Transit Personnel
Lessons from the Bridge Collapse
• Metro Transit was integrated
immediately into ICS
• Transit was represented
in the Emergency Operations
Center
• The Plan included Metro
Transit
• Prior training allowed Metro
employees to work quickly
within NIMS
NIMS and ICS for Public Transit Personnel
What This Means To You…
• NIMS benefits you and your transit agency
• Transit agencies will continue to play a key role
in emergency response efforts as well as in
planned events
• As a transit employee, learning about NIMS will
improve your readiness to respond and serve
Module 2
Preparedness
NIMS and ICS for Public Transit Personnel
Objectives
By the end of this module, you will be able to:
• Describe the importance of transit preparedness
to successful incident management
• Identify steps you and your transit agency can
take to become prepared
NIMS and ICS for Public Transit Personnel
Preparedness: A Continual Cycle
Planning
Taking Corrective
Action
Organizing
Preparedness
Cycle
Evaluating
Training
Exercising
Equipping
NIMS and ICS for Public Transit Personnel
Getting and Staying Prepared
• Is a constant and dynamic
process
• Requires considerable planning,
time, and cooperation with
internal departments and external
agencies
• Depends on plans being reviewed
frequently, updated, and
communicated
• Relies on mitigation (good
planning) to reduce future risks
NIMS and ICS for Public Transit Personnel
California Wildfires 2007
• In 2007, wildfires affected southern
California and forced the evacuation of
thousands of residents
• Residents received “reverse 9-1-1”
calls urging immediate evacuation
• Residents were notified about available
shelters, schools and community
centers
• Several public transit systems
collaborated according to existing
plans and transported residents to
shelters
NIMS and ICS for Public Transit Personnel
Transit Preparedness
Transit agencies can work towards preparedness by
coordinating, cooperating, and communicating through
a number of initiatives:
• Planning
• Procedures and protocols
• Training and exercises
• Personnel qualification and certification
• Equipment certification
NIMS and ICS for Public Transit Personnel
Planning
• Plans should be realistic, scalable, and applicable to
all types of incidents
• Plans should integrate all relevant departments,
agencies, and organizations
• Types of plans might include:
 Mitigation plans
 Preparedness plans
 Emergency operations plans (EOPs)
 Recovery plans
NIMS and ICS for Public Transit Personnel
Mutual Aid and Assistance Agreements
• Written or oral agreement between agencies,
organizations and jurisdictions that allow
resources to be obtained quickly
• Possible partners include:
 Other transit agencies
 Agencies within your
jurisdiction
 Private-sector and non-governmental organizations
(NGOs)
NIMS and ICS for Public Transit Personnel
Elected and Appointed Officials
To better serve their constituents, elected and
appointed should:
• Help to establish with other jurisdictions, NGOs and
the private sector
• Provide guidance to their jurisdictions, departments,
and/or agencies, with clearly stated policies for
implementing NIMS
• Understand laws and regulations in their
jurisdictions that pertain to emergency management
and incident response
NIMS and ICS for Public Transit Personnel
Procedures
There are four standard kinds of
procedural documents:
• Standard Operating Procedures or
Operations Manual
• Field Operations Guides (FOGs) or
Incident Management Handbook
• Mobilization Guide
• Job Aids
NIMS and ICS for Public Transit Personnel
Protocols
• Sets of established
guidelines for actions
under specified
conditions
• Allow a task, a
function, or
interrelated functions
to be performed
quickly without having
to seek permission
NIMS and ICS for Public Transit Personnel
Training and Exercises
• Training
 New employee training
 Safety and security training
 Special training initiatives
 Refresher training
• Practice
 Table top scenarios
 Drills and exercises
 Inter-agency exercises
• Awareness reminders
NIMS and ICS for Public Transit Personnel
Training Exercises Should…
• Include multi-disciplinary, multi-jurisdictional
incidents
• Require interactions with the private sector and
NGOs
• Cover all aspects of preparedness plans, particularly
the processes and procedures for activating mutual
aid and assistance agreements
• Contain a mechanism for incorporating corrective
actions and lessons learned from incidents into
future plans
NIMS and ICS for Public Transit Personnel
Qualifying and Certifying Personnel
Qualification and certification standards:
• Help ensure that personnel have the knowledge,
skills and experience needed to respond safely
and effectively
• Usually include training, experience,
credentialing, validation, and physical and
medical fitness
NIMS and ICS for Public Transit Personnel
Certifying Equipment
• Helps ensure that
equipment will perform
to certain standards
• Supports planning and
the ability to fill needs
quickly based on a
common understanding
of the abilities of
distinct types of
equipment
Activity 2
Managing The
Unexpected
NIMS and ICS for Public Transit Personnel
What This Means To You…
• Preparedness takes continuous effort and
planning
• Some of the ways to prepare include:
 Developing plans, procedures and protocols
 Conducting training and exercises
 Certifying personnel and equipment
Module 3
Communications
and Information
Management
NIMS and ICS for Public Transit Personnel
Objectives
By the end of this module, you will be able to:
• Explain communications and information
management concepts
• Identify factors that cause miscommunication
• Describe interoperability and its importance to
effective communication
• Explain the purpose of communications and
information management standards, procedures,
and protocols
Activity 3
Avoiding
Miscommunications
NIMS and ICS for Public Transit Personnel
NJ Collision and Derailment
• Two NJ Transit commuter trains collided in a
remote area between Secaucus and Jersey
City
• NJ Transit provided a train for triage and
multiple buses for passenger transport
• The fire chief experienced trouble
communicating with various departments
because:
 Their radios were incompatible with the
Hudson County radio system
 The radios used were found to be using
different frequencies
NIMS and ICS for Public Transit Personnel
Communications
• Responding agencies need to communicate with
each other using common terminology
• Information sharing allows consistent data to be
generated during an incident
NIMS and ICS for Public Transit Personnel
Policy and Planning
Communications plans should identify:
• What information is essential and can be shared
• Who needs the information and who has it
• How information will flow and be coordinated
for public and media release and how
communications systems will be used
NIMS and ICS for Public Transit Personnel
Communication Systems Need to be…
• Interoperable
• Reliable
• Resilient
• Redundant
NIMS and ICS for Public Transit Personnel
Plain Language & Common Terminology
• Communications should be in
plain language or clear text
• Agency-specific jargon can be
confusing and unclear
• Avoid radio codes for the
same reason
Question: How
many meanings of
EMT are there?
NIMS and ICS for Public Transit Personnel
Why Plain Language?
• EMT = Emergency Medical Treatment
• EMT = Emergency Medical Technician
• EMT = Emergency Medical Team
• EMT = Eastern Mediterranean Time (GMT +0200)
• EMT = Effective Methods Team
• EMT = Effects Management Tool
• EMT = El Monte, CA (airport code)
• EMT = Electron Microscope Tomography
• EMT = Email Money Transfer
NIMS and ICS for Public Transit Personnel
What This Means To You…
• Communications must be consistent
• Organizations must use common terminology
and plain language
• Miscommunications can be minimized with
advanced planning and pre-established policies
that support effective communication
Module 4
Resource Management
NIMS and ICS for Public Transit Personnel
Objectives
By the end of this module, you will be able to:
• Explain the importance of resource management
• Define the concepts and principles of effective
resource management
• Identify the steps for managing resources
• Examine how resources are acquired when they
are not available locally
NIMS and ICS for Public Transit Personnel
Resources
Include, but are not limited to:
• Personnel
• Teams
• Facilities
• Equipment
• Supplies
• Plans
• Procedures
NIMS and ICS for Public Transit Personnel
Resource Classifications
• Assigned resources are working on an
assignment under the direction of a
supervisor
• Available resources are assembled,
have
all needed equipment, and are ready for
immediate assignment
• Out-of-Service resources are not ready
for available or assigned status (e.g.,
maintenance issues, rest periods)
NIMS and ICS for Public Transit Personnel
Resource Management
Processes to ensure that there is accurate and up
to date tracking of resources so that they are
available when needed during an incident or event
NIMS and ICS for Public Transit Personnel
Phases of Resource Management
• Preparedness
• Response
Recovery
Activity 4
What Resources Does
Transit Have?
NIMS and ICS for Public Transit Personnel
Preparedness
• Requires advance planning
• To ensure resources are managed effectively,
organizations should do the following before an
incident takes place:
 Certify personnel
 Identify kinds and types of resources
NIMS and ICS for Public Transit Personnel
Planning
An effective resource management plan will lead
to:
• Identifying resource needs
• Developing alternative strategies to obtain
needed resources
• Creating policies to encourage advanced
positioning of resources
• Identifying conditions that trigger specific
actions
NIMS and ICS for Public Transit Personnel
Certifying Personnel
Personnel are certified through a credentialing
process that involves an objective evaluation and
documentation of an individual's:
• Current professional certification, license, or
degree
• Training and experience
• Competence or proficiency
NIMS and ICS for Public Transit Personnel
Categorizing Resources
Kinds: What the resource is
Types: Size, capability, and staffing qualifications of a resource
NIMS and ICS for Public Transit Personnel
Effective Resource Management
• Establishes procedures for acquiring resources in
advance of an incident and “just in time”
• Uses information management systems to
collect, update, and process resource data and
track the status and location of resources
• Has standard protocols for requesting resource,
prioritizing requests, activating and mobilizing
resources, and for demobilizing resources
NIMS and ICS for Public Transit Personnel
Response
Incident
Identify
requirements
Inventory
Order and
acquire
Reimburse
Recover/
Mobilize
Demobilize
Track and
report
NIMS and ICS for Public Transit Personnel
Identify Requirements
• Based on:
 What and how much is needed?
 Where and when it is needed?
 Who will be receiving or using it?
• Availability and requirements change constantly
NIMS and ICS for Public Transit Personnel
Order and Acquire
• Requests for resources that are
not available at the local level
are forwarded to the Emergency
Operations Center (EOC)
• If the EOC is unable to fulfill a
request, it is sent up to the next
level (state, regional, national)
• Resources should never be
acquired outside the official
resource coordination process
NIMS and ICS for Public Transit Personnel
Mobilize
At any incident or event:
• Effective resource management is an
important consideration
• The situation must be assessed and the
response planned
• Personnel should be briefed
• Personnel and equipment should
respond only when requested or when
dispatched by an appropriate authority
• Demobilization planning should start as
soon as possible after mobilizing
NIMS and ICS for Public Transit Personnel
Track & Report
Resource tracking is a standardized, integrated
process that takes place prior to, during, and after
an incident to:
• Ensure resources can be easily located
• Help staff prepare to receive resources
• Protect the safety and security of personnel,
equipment, and supplies
• Enable resource coordination and movement
NIMS and ICS for Public Transit Personnel
Incident Check-In Procedure
When you get to the place you’ve been assigned,
check in only once at a pre-designated incident
facility
NIMS and ICS for Public Transit Personnel
Why Check-In?
• Ensures personnel accountability
• Tracks resources
• Prepares personnel for assignments and
reassignments
• Allows personnel to receive incident briefing
• Establishes personnel time records and payroll
documentation
NIMS and ICS for Public Transit Personnel
Recovery
• Involves disposing of or returning all resources
• Resources are classified as either expendable
(water, fuel) or non-expendable (personnel,
equipment)
NIMS and ICS for Public Transit Personnel
Demobilization Planning
• Starts at the same time as mobilization
• Facilitates accountability and efficient logistical
management of resources
• The Demobilization Unit in the Planning Section
plans for demobilization
NIMS and ICS for Public Transit Personnel
Demobilize and Reimburse
• Before leaving an incident assignment, personnel
should:
 Complete all tasks and required forms/reports
 Brief replacements, subordinates, and supervisor
 Return any incident-issued equipment or other non-
expendable supplies
 Complete all time records or other accounting forms
• Doing so helps ensure that your agency is
reimbursed for the funds spent on the incident
NIMS and ICS for Public Transit Personnel
Inventory
• Resource inventory systems are used to assess
the availability of assets
• Organizations should inventory and maintain
current data on their available resources and
share this information with response partners
• Even if a resource is identified, the jurisdiction
and/or owner has the final say on how (or if)
their resources are used
NIMS and ICS for Public Transit Personnel
What This Means To You…
• Resources must be managed before, during, and
after any incident for an effective response
• NIMS resource management is based on a
seven-step process
• Public, private, and non-governmental
organizations may all be able to contribute
resources during an incident
Module 5
Command
and Management
NIMS and ICS for Public Transit Personnel
Objectives
By the end of this module, you will be able to
define the concepts and principles related to each
of the three command and management elements:
• Incident Command System (ICS)
• Multiagency Coordination Systems
• Public Information
NIMS and ICS for Public Transit Personnel
Command and Coordination
Command
• The act of directing,
ordering, or controlling by
virtue of explicit
statutory, regulatory, or
delegated authority
Coordination
• The process of providing
support to the command
structure
• May include incident
prioritization, critical
resource allocation,
communications systems
integration, and
information exchange
NIMS and ICS for Public Transit Personnel
The Incident Command System (ICS)
Is a standardized, on-scene, all-hazards incident
management approach used throughout the lifecycle
of an incident that:
• Integrates facilities, equipment, personnel,
procedures, and communications within a common
organizational structure
• Enables coordination among response partners from
all jurisdictions
• Can be used for incidents of any type, scope, and
complexity
NIMS and ICS for Public Transit Personnel
ICS Organization
Differs from everyday
organizational structures and
position titles by:
• Using ICS-specific position
titles and structures
• Assigning incident
management roles based on
expertise, not rank
NIMS and ICS for Public Transit Personnel
Transit vs. ICS Organizations
NIMS and ICS for Public Transit Personnel
Manageable Span of Control
• Pertains to the number of
individuals one supervisor
can effectively manage
• The effective range for
managing subordinates is
three to seven, optimum
being five
Supervisor
NIMS and ICS for Public Transit Personnel
Unity of Command
Every individual has one, and only one, supervisor
at the scene of the incident
NO!
Can
you get
me …?
Logistics Chief
Operations Chief
Subordinate of
Operations Chief
NIMS and ICS for Public Transit Personnel
Chain of Command
A clear line of
authority within the
structure of the ICS
organization with
lower levels
subordinate to, and
connected to, higher
levels
NIMS and ICS for Public Transit Personnel
Be Accountable for Your Actions
• Maintain chain of command and unity of
command, take direction from a single supervisor
• Communicate potential hazards and changing
conditions using clear text and plain language
• Act professionally
• No freelancing or self-deployment
NIMS and ICS for Public Transit Personnel
Incident Command Structure
The IC can choose
to delegate any or
all of the following
roles.
NIMS and ICS for Public Transit Personnel
Incident Commander (IC)
• Provides overall leadership for
incident response
• Is responsible for establishing
command, incident objectives,
and communicating directives
• Has ultimate authority and
responsibility for the incident
• Is the only position that must
always be filled
NIMS and ICS for Public Transit Personnel
IC Specific Responsibilities
• Provides overall direction for all incident
activities
• Develops strategies and tactics
• Orders and releases resources
• Manages all functions until delegated and
assigned to staff
NIMS and ICS for Public Transit Personnel
Types of Command Structures
• Single Command
• Unified Command
• Area Command
NIMS and ICS for Public Transit Personnel
Changing Command Structures
Command structures may change to meet the
needs of the situation when incidents:
• Expand or contract
• Change in jurisdiction or discipline
• Become more or less complex
NIMS and ICS for Public Transit Personnel
Transfer of Command
Is the process of moving the responsibility for incident
command from one IC to another. It occurs when:
• A more qualified person assumes
command
• A jurisdiction or agency is legally required to take
command
• The incident focus changes, resulting in respective
changes in command
• There is normal turnover of personnel on extended
incidents
Activity 5
Who Is In Charge?
NIMS and ICS for Public Transit Personnel
Command Staff
• Focus on
information,
safety, and
liaison functions
for the entire
organization
• Report directly to
the Incident
Commander
NIMS and ICS for Public Transit Personnel
Public Information Officer
Advises Incident Commander on
information dissemination and
media relations. Incident
Commander approves
information that the PIO
releases.
Public Information
Officer
Obtains information from and
provides information to Planning
Section.
Incident Commander
Planning Section
Chief
Obtains information from and provides
information to community and media.
Community and
Media
NIMS and ICS for Public Transit Personnel
Safety Officer
Advises Incident
Commander on issues
regarding incident safety.
Safety Officer
Works with Operations to
ensure safety of field
personnel.
Incident Commander
Operations Section Chief
Ensures safety of all incident
personnel.
Incident Personnel
NIMS and ICS for Public Transit Personnel
Liaison Officer
Assists the Incident
Commander by serving as a
point of contact for
representatives from other
response organizations
Incident Commander
Liaison Officer
Provides briefings to and answers
questions from supporting agencies.
Agency
Representative
NIMS and ICS for Public Transit Personnel
General Staff
Focus on operations, planning, logistics, and
finance/administration functions for the entire incident
NIMS and ICS for Public Transit Personnel
Operations Section Chief
• Implements the tactics within the
Incident Action Plan
• Organizes, assigns, and supervises all the
tactical or response resources assigned
to the incident
• Manages the Staging Area
(if established)
Operations Section
Chief
NIMS and ICS for Public Transit Personnel
Planning Section Chief
• Produces the Incident Action Plan (IAP) for each
operational period
• Gathers, analyzes, and disseminates information
for the incident and assigned resources
• Maintains incident documentation
• Conducts long-range planning
Planning Section
Chief
NIMS and ICS for Public Transit Personnel
Logistics Section Chief
• Provides resources
and services required
to support incident
activities
Logistics Section Chief
• Acquires goods,
services, and
agencies needed at
the incident
NIMS and ICS for Public Transit Personnel
Finance/Administration Chief
• Is responsible for
financial and cost
monitoring analysis
• Documents time and
cost information
Finance/Administration
Section Chief
• Processes claims for
accidents and injuries
• Works with Logistics to
ensure resources are
procured properly
NIMS and ICS for Public Transit Personnel
Incident Action Plan (IAP)
• An IAP is an oral or written plan of
action for an incident
• Every IAP must answer these 4
questions:
 What do we want to do?
 Who is responsible for doing it?
 How do we communicate with each other?
 What is the procedure if someone is
injured?
• Covers a specified timeframe, called an
operational period
NIMS and ICS for Public Transit Personnel
Incident Facilities
Established by the Incident Commander depending
on the requirements and complexity of the
incident, and activated only when needed
NIMS and ICS for Public Transit Personnel
Incident Facilities
Incident
Command
Post
Base
Staging
Area
Camp
NIMS and ICS for Public Transit Personnel
Multiagency Coordination System
(MACS)
A system that provides the
architecture to support:
• Incident prioritization
• Critical resource allocation
• Communications systems
integration
• Information coordination
NIMS and ICS for Public Transit Personnel
Emergency Operations Center (EOC)
• A physical location where
information and resources
are coordinated to support
incident management
• May be a temporary or
permanent facility
• May be organized by major
functional disciplines, by
jurisdiction, or both
NIMS and ICS for Public Transit Personnel
Multiagency Coordination (MAC) Groups
A MAC Group is a group of administrators or
executives who authorized to commit agency
resources and funds. They provide coordinate
decision-making and allocate resources among
cooperating agencies, and may:
• Establish priorities among incidents
• Harmonize agency policies
• Provide strategic guidance and direction to
support incident management activities
NIMS and ICS for Public Transit Personnel
Joint Information System (JIS)
• Helps organize, integrate, and
coordinate information across
multiple jurisdictions and/or
disciplines
• Ensures timely, accurate,
accessible, and consistent
messaging
• Includes the plans, protocols,
procedures, and structures
used to provide public
information
NIMS and ICS for Public Transit Personnel
Joint Information Center (JIC)
• May be established to coordinate public
information
• Is the focal point for releasing coordinated and
timely incident or event-related information to
the public and media
• Operates as part of the Joint Information
System
NIMS and ICS for Public Transit Personnel
JIC vs. JIS
Joint
Information
System
Local JIC
Regional JIC
State JIC
Activity 6
Using ICS for Planned
Events
NIMS and ICS for Public Transit Personnel
What This Means to You…
• Command and management is most successful
when there is cooperation and control of public
information dissemination
• ICS is effective because it is flexible, provides
consistency, and can span all jurisdictions and
agencies
• Transit employees may be asked to play a role
in ICS and must understand its organization and
functionality
Module 6
Ongoing Management
and Maintenance
NIMS and ICS for Public Transit Personnel
Objectives
By the end of this module, you will be able to:
• Describe the function of the National Integration
Center (NIC)
• Identify the role of supporting technologies in
implementing NIMS
NIMS and ICS for Public Transit Personnel
Maintaining NIMS
• Managing and maintaining NIMS ensures that all
users and stakeholders are able to participate in
National Integration Center (NIC) activities
• Routine maintenance and continued refinement
are required for continued and improved success
NIMS and ICS for Public Transit Personnel
National Integration Center (NIC)
• Ensures the ongoing management and maintenance
of NIMS
• Provides strategic direction for and oversight of
NIMS
• Supports both routine maintenance and continuous
improvement of NIMS and its components over the
long term
• Is a resource for government agencies, the private
sector, and non-governmental organizations that are
implementing NIMS
NIMS and ICS for Public Transit Personnel
NIC Responsibilities
National responsibilities include:
• Administration and Compliance
• Standards and Credentialing
• Training and Exercise Support
• Publication Management
NIMS and ICS for Public Transit Personnel
NIMS Resource Center
http://www.fema.gov/emergency/nims/
NIMS and ICS for Public Transit Personnel
Supporting Technologies
• Any technology that may be used to support
NIMS, such as remote automatic weather
stations, infrared technology, or communications
equipment is a supporting technology
• NIMS uses science and technology to improve
capabilities and lower costs through all phases
of an incident
NIMS and ICS for Public Transit Personnel
What This Means to You
• NIMS continues to evolve and improve based on
lessons learned from those implementing it
• National Integration Center exists to aid in the
progress of NIMS development, implementation,
and information dissemination
NIMS and ICS for Public Transit Personnel
Course Wrap-up
•
•
It is important for
transit employees to be
familiar with the
incident command and
management function
and organizational
structure of NIMS
Resource management
and the ways in which
you can contribute
resources are key
aspects of NIMS and
responding effectively
to emergency situations
NIMS and ICS for Public Transit Personnel
Course Wrap-Up
When Transit is allocated as a resource: