World History Honors Study Guide Chapter 17-3, 18, 20 Exam (Revolutions) Chapter 17-3 American Revolution Why was England a global world power in the mid 1700s? Why the “Articles of Confederation” was made weak? Causes and effects of the American Revolution. Who were the Allies of the Americans in the war? How did the 13 colonies show their independence before the war began? War advantages of the colonies in the war (3 reasons). Which Enlightenment thinker inspired the “Declaration of Independence”? How did the Constitution inspire Latin America and Europe? Define federal republic Chapter 18 The French Revolution Why was France in financial crisis in the late 18th century (3 reasons)? Why did King Louis 16th call the “Estates General”? Describe the significance of the Storming of Bastille. What new government was formed as a result of the French Revolution? Explain the “Tennis Court Oath” How did the National Assembly react to peasant uprisings and violence in France? What impact did the Jacobins and san-culottes have on the French Revolution? What was the “Reign of Terror” and who were killed? Immediate causes of the French Revolution (3 causes). Describe the privileges of the first, second, and third estates. Why did Austria, Prussia, and England want to stop the French Revolution? Explain the quote “The Revolution, like Saturn devours its own children”. What were the goals of the “Congress of Vienna”? Identify the difference between conservative, moderate, and liberal. How did Napoleon rise to power so quickly? Identify Napoleon’s reforms. How did Napoleon impact Europe and the rest of the world? What 4 factors led to Napoleon’s downfall? Define nationalism. Chapter 20 What was the social order of Latin America? How did Latin America react to the Haitian Revolution? What were 3 causes of the Latin American Revolutions? Where did creoles get their revolutionary inspiration from? Describe the general characteristics of a creole before the revolutions. Describe the significance of Simon Bolivar. Why can the Latin American Revolutions be considered a failure, despite gaining their independence? Contrast the Spanish colonies path to independence with that of Brazil. Who was Toussaint L’Ouverture What country controlled the colony of “Haiti”? What was the outcome of most of the revolutions in Europe (outside of France) in the 1850s? What was the result of the French Revolution of 1848? What was the most significant right granted by the revolutions in Europe? Define suffrage. Define mercantilism and capitalism.
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