Famous Alumni

Famous Alumni
Famous Alumni
Jan Hus
(? 1369/1370 - 1415)
Czech medieval preacher, religious thinker and reformer.
In 1393 Hus became a Bachelor at Prague University and, in 1396, Master of Liberal Arts.
In 1401 he was elected Dean of the Philosophical Faculty and later served as Rector
He is most probably the author of the spelling reform that introduced diacritics into the Czech
language. In his religious writings he criticised the moral decline of the Catholic Church, and
adopted some of the ideas of John Wycliffe. The Church declared Hus’s teachings heretical
and the Council of Constance delivered him to the secular powers to be burnt at the stake
Compiled 2.12.2013 13:59:14 by Document Globe ®
Josef Jungmann
Czech philologist, lexicographer, writer and translator.
After graduating from a Piarist gymnasium, Josef Jungmann continued his studies at the
Philosophical Faculty in Prague (1792–1795). He started his professional career as a
teacher at the Litoměřice gymnasium, moving to Prague in 1815 to serve as the principal of
the Old Czech (Staročeské) gymnasium. In 1840 he was appointed Rector of the Prague
All his life Jungmann sought to lay the theoretical foundations for a new direction of
the Czech language; he is considered one of the leading personalities of the “second
generation” of the Czech National Revival.
Alice Masaryková
Public figure, founder and first President of the Czechoslovak Red Cross.
The daughter of Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk was one of the first female students at the
Philosophical Faculty. After earning a degree in philosophy, sociology and history, she
continued her studies in Berlin, Leipzig and Chicago. In 1918 she was elected member
of the first Czechoslovak National Assembly. In 1919 she founded the Czechoslovak Red
Cross, serving as its President for the following two decades. Alice Masaryková was also
an active fighter for the better social status and education of women.
Compiled 2.12.2013 13:59:14 by Document Globe ®
Edvard Beneš
Czech politician, Czechoslovak President (1945–1948). One of the leaders of the
Czechoslovak Resistance during WWI and representative of the Czechoslovak
Resistance in WWII.
After graduating from a gymnasium, Edvard Beneš studied at the Philosophical Faculty
of Prague University. In 1909, after study in France, he passed his rigorosum exam and
earned the title Doctor of Philosophy (thesis titled The Origin and Growth of Modern
Political Individualism). Following his habilitation (in philosophy) in 1912, Beneš became an
associate professor at the Philosophical Faculty. After the outbreak of the First World War he
organized the home resistance movement. In 1915 he left the country to work abroad with
Masaryk and Milan Rastislav Štefánik. On 28 October 1918, Edvard Beneš was appointed
Minister of Foreign Affairs of the newly independent Czechoslovak Republic.
Karel Čapek
Czech writer, journalist, playwright, translator and photographer.
After graduating from a gymnasium, Karel Čapek studied at the Faculty of Arts of
Charles University (1909-1915), earning a doctorate degree in philosophy (dissertation The
Objective Method in Aesthetics in Relation to the Visual Arts).
He served as editor of a number of journals (Národní listy, Nebojsa, Lidové noviny), resident
director and dramaturg at the Vinohrady Theatre and the first head of the Czechoslovak
PEN Club (1925-1933). His oeuvre contains extensive works of various genres and forms,
ranging from newspaper columns of remarkable style, short stories, travelogues, novels to
drama. He died in December 1938, several months before the Gestapo could arrest him.
Compiled 2.12.2013 13:59:14 by Document Globe ®
Jaroslav Heyrovský
Czech physical chemist and recipient of the Nobel Prize in chemistry in 1959.
After graduating from a gymnasium in 1909, Jaroslav Heyrovský enrolled at the Faculty
of Arts to study chemistry, physics, and mathematics. The following year he left to study
at University College, London (1910-1913) where he took his B.Sc. degree in 1913. He
completed his studies – interrupted by the First World War – in Prague, earning his Ph.D.
degree at Charles University in 1918.
In 1922 he was appointed associate professor, and in 1926 full-time professor of physical
chemistry at Charles University. In 1922, together with a Japanese colleague, Heyrovský
invented the polarograph, an instrument for the automatic registration of measured
quantities. In 1952 Heyrovský became a Professor and in 1950–63 served as the Director
of the Institute of Polarography of the Czechoslovak Academy of Sciences.
“Work, Complete, Publish” (Heyrovský´s life motto).
Photo Source : National Museum
Compiled 2.12.2013 13:59:14 by Document Globe ®