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The Atlantic to the Pacific: What to See, and How to See It

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TO
ATLANTIC
THE
What
to
see,
THE
How
and
PACIFIC,
to
see
it.
BY
JOHN
AUTHOR
OF
"the
ERASTUS
YQ-SEMITE
LESTER,
:
ITS
ITS
HISTORYj
SCENERY,
ITS
DEVELOPMENT.'
fTHiyt
BOSTON:
SHEPARD
j
AND
1873.
GILL.
lObiEMITE MmM.
SCALE
J Mcuifr
s^r*
r.^i.
*
"".
.
-
^^^.
according
Entered
By
In
the
Office
of
of
Act
to
"
SHEPARD
Librarian
the
of
the
in
Congress,
year
GILL,
Congress
at
""
Stereotyped
by
5
Washington
C.
J.
1873,
Peters
Street.
"
Son,
Washington.
TO
E.
THEOPHILUS
General
hx
ilHemorg
AS
WELL
AS
Pacific
Union
the
at
THE
IN
PASSED
DAYS
PLEASANT
of
Engineer
and
Superintendent
sickels,
IN
THE
WEST.
EAST,
R.R.
PEEFAOE.
Ik
I
searcli
turned
and
of
the
to
should
that,
would
"
dwell
there,
as
to
I
advantages
forming
trust
of
Providence
this
Uvenin//
the
for
as
I
have
give
the
me
liar
pecu-
tlie
who
country,
These
scenery.
turned
it."
see
people
viewing
magnificent
to
they
to
in
account
judgments.
correct
Parts
well
have
readers,
my
how
to
of
I
which
and
learning
to
California,
to
see,
cific
Pa-
propose
inform
so
conspired
the
beholding
under
what
for
advantages
to
task
journey
circumstances
Many
and
is
I
1872,
the
to
pages
The
they
know
Atlantic
following
myself
of
early spring
the
journey.
my
allotted
from
face
in
the
in
health,
my
;
tell
of
caption
book
Press^
of
in
"Across
a
series
the
The
in
appeared
have
of
letters
Continent:"
6
PBEFACB.
but
have
they
of
been
Colorado,
forming
A
full
has
There
Europe,
could
very
and
read
have
A
the
tried
to
has
unknown
friends
this
volume
little
are
who
can
been
West
for
To
these
if
April,
and
;
and
means
several
classes
myself.
described
"
;
and
is sent
it
as
is
forth
with
on
"
letter
a
that
its
one's
to
spirit
1873.
that
mission.
J.
Providexce,
they
the
Pacific
time
by
make
to
the
only
with
only
who,
way
find
journey.
address
familiar
the
out
tion,
informa-
volume.
people,
many
set
the
Great
our
upon
gladly
of
book
of
in
ing,
min-
added.
useful
much
scription
de-
silver
been
Americans
many
informed
others
are
place
a
there
be
have
and
;
and
gold
chapters,
know
would
there
I
are
only
trip,
to
found
;
of
containing
also
who
hearsa}^
and
several
Appendix,
revised
thoroughly
E.
L.
"Westward
!
CHAPTER
General
Plan
Letters.
the
of
The
"
Chicago.
I
the
of
points
speak
of
making,
travels
the
little
sees
an
others.
To
railroad
travel,
the
the
location
general
should
one
the
any
States
of
his
characteristics
and
of
to
give
in
study
well
of
which
the
and
money-
Western
the
of
to
riding
for
plans
is
object
rivers,
but
man,
A
result
of
to
only
not
Eastern
country.
and
East
California,
to
full
through
towns,
describe
to
The
peculiarities
accomplish
of
geography
;
investment,
to
eye
the
the
Road.
letters,
head
with
of
and
advantages
Erie
them.
see
from
Routes
journey
a
trains
slower
upon
with
then
to
way
of
in
interest
Several
The
"
series
a
express-train,
an
npon
the
in
PROPOSE^
I.
man
observe
to
both
country,
information
gaining
to
facts
the
history
the
road
hills, as
will
country,
7
by
and
passes
well
be
;
as
ob-
8
ATLANTIC
THE
and
before
beginning
and
been
a
In
very
disagreeableride
starting for
various
There
York
lines all
three
are
Central,and
connecting lines
From
New
for favor.
lines
Chicago,
the
to
for to this
Erie, New-
the
"
point
the
Pennsylvania Railroad,and
Providence
or
old route, and
reach
can
one
there connect
with
the
Albany
train
from
York.
The
trains out
morning
and
much
Erie
very
of New
York
which
sleeping cars,
all carry
make
the
ing-room
draw-
journey
pleasant.
more
The
are
compete
his
well
of each.
Boston
the
over
study
must
Omaha;
to
have
pleasantjourney.
a
one
decide his route
ment,
disappointwould
otherwise
to
California,
mucli
saves
what
employed
thus
little time
journey often
a
really changes
journey,and
the
A
remembered.
served
Road
offers man}^
attractions.
wide, elegant,and, for
These, added
the
to
coaches
riding,unsurpassed.
easy
beauty of
Its
the
make
scenery,
it
a
desirable route.
The
road
above
its
waters, with
side ; their faces
with
Port
now
fine forests.
bank,
the
along the
passes
mountains
cleft from
to
River, often
towering
solid
Then, again,the
rich bottom-lands
Jervis
Delaware
road
Susquehanna,we
run
covered
along
runs
stretchingfar
either
upon
rocks,now
away.
along
far
this
its
From
river,
then
a
richer
before it reaches
for
is
picturesqueplaces I
reached, where
Cleveland,
Niagara Falls and
reached
from
Buffalo.
We
reach
Chicago, and
kind
every
that
the
poured in
from
Chicago
must
Now
great Korth-west.
already erected,and
are
Some
are
determined
before, expending
around
often
lost
not
our
to
less
the
through
way
;
;
faith
our
permanent
it
more
seems
for
remained, there would
shaken
un-
key
to
buildings
occupancy.
that the people
than
substantially
dering
Wan-
familiar to
once
the
t"f
being
ornamentation.
mere
and, had
busy,
merchandise
great city,the
; but
streets
the
are
porary
great fire,tem-
nearly ready
in
and
west
her business-
a
build
starts
Although
many
fine
architecturally
are
in
in
the East
be
ever
ourselves
find
erected,to which
were
have
Eoad
diverge
nearly all destroyedby
structures
Starucca
Suspension Bridge
of trade.
hurrying,noisy marts
were
houses,
farm-
uninteresting ride,
an
lines
south-west.
houses
you
Lyndwyllyn
Lake-shore
the
whence
from
of
one
and
road, just
the
over
passes
Hornellsville,
by
From
Buffalo
Binghampton,
The
side.
every
valley reminds
This
Wales.
on
of the most
Valley,one
visited.
view
the
Hornellsville
to
fields,rolling uplands,neat
Broad
meet
Susquehanna River;
here
from
than
country
find.
cannot
the
valleyof
the
enter
we
9
PACIFIC.
THE
TO
walls
not
of
have
the
been
us,
we
house
court-
any
10
ATLANTIC
THE
to tell
thing
Trade
will
this
of
us
once
undoubtedly
from^the
mile
Avenue
State
city;
undoubtedly
have
will
between
west
river,will
be
all
the
and
built
up
over
values
estate.
real
the
Most
of
kept
their
this
be
the
Such
; and
the
Buren,
promises ;
and
of
a
Wabash
the
of
streets
far
as
ning
run-
the
as
business-houses, thus
and
and
equalizing
energy
of
credit
is
business
the
given
was
were
ingly
city seem-
a
Chicago by
was
to whom
; two
Broadway
by the business-men
merchants
city.
nearly
interest.
pluck
as
the
west
largerspace,
utterly destroyed
so
moved
Van
of
changed
of
with
much
a
shown
before
never
section
banks
Lake
spreading trade
of
famed
having
centre
once
will
PACIFIC.
somewhat
be
largestdry-goods firms
the
THE
TO
seemingly
fire.
have
in
a
healthy condition.
To
ISTew York
that
better
stay
to
lines west
night-trainsover
Chicago, leave
either
road, reaching
regular Pacific
in
of
out
expresses
over
from
morning after,in
the
are
morning
in
time
for the
New
looking
York,
a
over
day
early
Leaving
expresses.
Chicago, where
pleasantlypassed
very
the
the
city the second
the
be
the
by
trains,which
by
with
connect
or
the
it will
two
track
be
can
of
fire.
But
wonder
we
in
must
push
on
westward
citf/-hm\dmg.
towards
Omaha, that
11.
CHAPTER
The
Three
from
Routes
Chicago
Northern
From
have
Chicago
the
Bluffs
choice
about
the
Rock
Island,
about
equal
which
road
Island,
to
the
see
took
the
looking
The
and
the
9.45,
to
bed,
of
out
crossed
sections
;
call
me
and
was
at
the
of
island
to
about
is
the
offer
share
competition,
The
lacking.
the
having
to
at
desired
I
first, and
the
given
first
second
As
chose
I
and
Council
companies
business,
Iowa,
west,
Roads
Quincy
Burlington.
the
porter
cleanly-
a
a^sleep.
bret^king
car-window.
river
through
North-western,
river, retired
the
soon
just
was
at
reaching
Clinton,
at
train, and,
p.m.,
the
an
last
corn-lands
light
looked
and
Mississippi
all
these
as
public,
the
rich
directions
and,
the
jonrney
and
through
the
serves
crosses
Rock
;
the
The
Burlington
of
profits
well
so
the
advantages
the
equally
routes,
time.
same
and
upon
three
of
Ride
"
Iowa.
start
yon
A
Omaha.
to
We
Clinton.
the
centre
in
the
of
when
reached
soon
The
east
bridge
the
we
Fulton,
is
in
two
dividing
river
11
12
first section
The
it.
together
about
mile
a
tliousancl miles
two
is
farther
north,
for
navigable
noble
"
From
Clinton
last
the
of the
to old
we
is
river,
miles
its bosom
upon
the
!
ocean
through the
pass
comfortable
The
point
four hundred
its march
Vernon
Mt.
to
This
mouth
than
more
wood, both
of
length.
river,bearing
Iowa."
garden of
in
from
valleyin
the rich
productsof
iron,the
is of
than
more
which
"
ATLANTIC
THE
and
brick
frame
houses,the well-built barns, the fences,the sleek cattle,
all smack
of thrift and
well
watered, and
of Illinois.
his lands
They
as
out
say
paid for,and
This
house.
wealth.
West, and
is
section
reminds
is rolling,
the
prairies
farmer
a
ahead, he builds
far the
fairest
country
I
hrlck
a
have
in
seen
gets
seen
passing
Liverpool to London.
from
After
reach
Cedar
country change.
Cedar
the
by
land
on
here, that when
of the
one
the
productiveas
little
a
Here
we
river offers
this
place,we
two
hundred
are
good
reach
hurrying
prospectsfor
low
Rapids
facilities for
a
in
was
crop
price of
raisingswine.
The
is
a
of the
busy place,where
water-power.
Leaving
For the
again j)i'airie-lands.
miles,the wheat
Illinois the wheat
The
Eiver, the characteristics
their
looks
well ; and
Through
corn.
badly winter-killed
have
corn
corn
sent
has
now
up
the
forced
ers
the farm-
Indiana
5 and
last
the
and
j)oor
price.
the
in store is
farmers
placedin
into
tern-
cribs erected
porary
pLace
one
there
thus
bushels
of
town
a
terrible fire
a
the Union
Bluffs"
Pacific
we
prairieswhere
and
there
"
the
see
wending
and
men
One
add
has
their way
who
women
bear
which
to
but
was,
hidden
the
the
wealth
road
here
old
call the
that
a
stroyed.
de-
were
until
The
"
to
stage-roadyou
emigrant
with
them
wagons,
sturdy
are
develop the country.
to
in mind
from
vator,
ele-
been, and with only here
Along
are
the
of
; and
never
west.
the
country, passing through
new
schooners,"as they
land, whose
to
a
plough
Chicago, suffered
stores,
terminus
dwelling. Along
a
must
section
several
begun
was
in
are
of
west
and
dred
hun-
importance, two
some
the
was
thousand
Saturday last, when
on
depot, hotels,
This
hundred
a
At
shipped East.
eighty-ninemiles
and
from
be
line of the raih'oad.
than
more
piledto
Marshall,
the
along
were
13
PACIFIC.
THE
TO
we
few
is
passing along
are
years
to
now
be
unknown
an
ago,
a
brought
forth
the Great
unprecedented prosperityof
West.
Passing along by Colo, one
great tornado
with
of last
the country told
here, that it would
cannot
say
that
description.
year ; and
that
me
open
he
is in
gave
a
^^
wind
jack-knifein
me
a
section
gentleman
a
the
the
very
blew
one's
good
of the
familiar
so
hard
pocket." I
idea
by
his
14
ATLANTIC
THE
One
the
meets
going
have
to
become
their
adventures
upon
journey
a
the
through
But
this
car,
made
to
for
held
is
in
the
days
train
who
emigrated
States
the
old
visit
to
called
was
of
some
the
recount
going
now
his
twenty-eight
to
Ohio,
pioneer
He
sources
re-
man,
gentle-
a
children,
grand-
scattered
no
cars
for
before
Bluffs;"
the
great
prepare
to
disembark
must
we
Union
slowing
had
"The
opening
the
to
the
willing
are
our
all
around.
and
yet
the
The
force
train
as
take
bridge.
West,
nearing
;
this
do
Ohio
They
say.
developing
interesting.
he
country
crossed
be
the
to
of
any
hear
to
very
whom
are
we
were
and
thej^
upon
old,
there
;
to
was
years
was
of
is to
There
Indiana
or
and
country,
before
Illinois,
mission
and
Illinois
as
sippi,
Missis-
the
of
east
because
West,
the
eighty
North-west
the
thickly settled,
homes.
some
his
Far
upon
the
of
leave
the
PACIFIC.
THE
from
dwellers
too
bent
seemed
TO
satisfactory arrangement
of
the
Eastern
of
the
Northern
better
to
this
city
railroads
roads
Pacific
its
serve
of
were
the
Missouri
from
has
across
will
patrons.
Indian
known.
been
the
haps
per-
Our
councils
16
ATLANTIC
THE
Kauosville, and
called
was
and
Lewis
Indians, it
place
terminus
the
two
has
made
is
to
routes
the
incorporation,
call
always
of
fight for
For
so
the
much
to
time
in
crossing over
will
the
remedy this,as
venience
incon-
More
river.
well
new
whose
of
all sorts
the
trouble
Company,"
"Transfer
put passengers
California
to
hard
made
the
terminus
Pacific.
has
plorers
ex-
is allayedby introducing a
cities,
trouble
and
of
about
a
Union
of the
corporation,called
province
charter
the
with
council
It is the western
which
being, this difficulty,
between
a
people round
the
roads,and
the Eastern
eastern
in the
Bluffs."
The
"
held
Clarke
here
that
circumstance
named,
was
Bluffs ; but
Council
the
the
From
Mormons.
chieflypeopled b}'
was
as
other
annoyances.
The
several
ladies,a high school,good
for young
and
the
many
fine
seminary
published here, a
newspapers
churches,all
contribute
district
to
the
schools,
welfare
of
people.
Crossingthe
caissons
rock, we
sunken
are
river upon
in the
set down
a
fine
bridge built
upon
river-bed,and restingupon
in the
wonderful
iron
solid
city of
OMAHA.
It is situated about
fiftyfeet
above
the
river at
high-
ten
and contains
mark,
water
thousand
to twelve
that there
believe there
first
are
more
capital of
the
made
in
settlement
few
other
opened
over
the
"
in
The
the commencement
settlement
Stores
;
added
to
of the
and
a
the
the
Union
time
a
in
for the
here
and
city is quite a
:
the
so
tame
it fresh
gave
ful
at wonder-
and
"
the
saloons."
straggling
with
took
buildingsceased
with
afiair,
wealth
pushed west,
away
more
venture
adthe
building of
that material
road
and
1859;
the
tlie place lost
graduallj^
for
ment,
settle-
collected
over-crowded
citj^,
material
As
in
it grew
saw
Riding
had
Pacific
months
few
established
look ; demand
2*
first
and
infant
gain
to
houses, hotels
city.
were
city;
Jones
hat."
the
day b}^ day
shipped from
was
the
was
and, some
letters which
busy, humming
a
villageswhich
the
A. D.
of his
crown
began
of the
All
was
the
town
erected ; and
railroad
Territory.
here in 1854
for increase ; and
speed.
were
the
It
indeed, the
it was,
State,as
were
to-dayI hardly
:
thousand.
tlian nine
deliver the
in tlie "'office."
means
little dependence put in the
or
prairies,
strollingabout
he would
its population,
changing is
appointedpostmaster,and immediately
was
office
an
at from
palmierdays,probablythere
squatterswere
that year, he
So
peoplegatheredhere
thousand
sixteen
be but
In its
figuresstated.
populationestimated
a
people.
can
17
PACIFIC.
THE
TO
the
tion
populaits
; and
crowded
over-
to-day
unoccupied
18
ATLANTIC
THE
buildingsthan
I
before
ever
great hotel erected
it would
and
all
buildingin
Along
the
buildings; but, for
The
accommodate
reviews
From
to find
a
Passable
and
a
thousand
which
descriptions
little
more
streets
filth
city
brick
one-story
has
its headquarters
at the
half-past
one,
"
I
had
substantial
some
been
depot upon
on
fine
place
to witness
the
"
in the
place.
expected;
almost
but
forbid
streets
devised
to
come
be-
make
foot.
the
and
be
a
1868, and
the
summer
should
means
persons
the
in
three
read,I expected
quiteprevent walking,and
during
about
is
drive out
surelymight have
course,
but
of the
This
men.
city,who
eleven,A.M.,
half-past
a
of
are
located
established
the
passablefor
Just
of
the Platte
are
pleasantdays.
dry ;
at
part, they
most
upon
riding. Of
them
example
substantial
some
city,were
the elite of the
see
mud
are
barracks
The
of the
north
miles
this
withstandi
But, not-
the way
in
"-
eightyears.
militarydepartment of
here.
to
the
of
hopes
houses.
framed
can
there
streets
is closed ;
wonderful
a
country
of
space
"
to be realized.
not
were
in this
short
the
and
The
place.
one
quixoticTrain
"
this,the place is
be done
can
in any
that the dreams
seem
philosopher
of what
PACIFIC.
THE
saw
by the
"
modern
TO
startingof the
train west
the arrival of the train
p.m., there is all the bustle
great railroad junction.
and
at
confusion
CHAPTEE
What
is
Pacific
the
But
Taking
night.
These
heard
Por
three
or
everj^
the
four
and
side.
Upon
of
cried
the
;
and
miles
built, and
lands
there
this
hardy
we
we
then
with
broad
off
us
;
for
the
the
all
are
into
out
A
at
is
engine
Far
bluffs
the
vast
stretches
prairie,
frontiersman
and
the
Nebraska.
trees,
the
and
journey.
along
push
by
accommodating.
from
are
pass
of
the
whistle
a
:
and
are
bed
a
cleanly,
around
for
and
to
we
car,
day,
by
are
Koad
through
Pullman
a
polite
part,
moves
fertile
here
cabin
The
"
Union-Pacific
comfortable,
faces
is
is
in
preparations
!"
train
prairie,
dotted
most
in
the
Omaha
which
Food.
daily, running
section
are
strange
aboard
;
Union
the
upon
Our
"
the
upon
drawing-room
a
the
engaged
All
Journey
Indians.
leaves
a
cars
of
throng
^'
enjoy
for
attaches,
train
one
Pacific.
busily
Day's
The
"
journey
our
to
the
Stations.
Omaha
entitled
A
First
the
Nebraska.
of
begins.
in
heard
The
"
State
At
and
seen
IV.
away
long
seen,
19
is
West.
upon
open
plain,
upon
intervals,
and
now
20
ATLANTIC
THE
then
and
rich soil for the
the
up
We
the
from
hills
West
the
along
the
first
-Gilmore, and
pass
train
with
sturdy yeoman^
a
Elkhorn
where
Papillion,
us
the
upon
River,
we
soon
now
the
upon
keep
our
road
followed
"
Shinn's
Our
North
as
Platte.
valley,and
this
Ferry,"
island
an
the station
near
This
has been
in
the
is
to
Platte.
"eating
an
pleasant;
other.
In
has
so
Valley ;
a
we
of
Lone
Grand
become
have
the
old
Tree.
So
five
hundred
with
the
road.
rail-
ride
far,our
acquainted with
genial Langford
for
the
us
engineers going
out
upon
the line of the
that
highway througlithat hitherto unexplored region ;
several
York
ladies from
and
genial,and
each
other.
Northern
of
emigrant
river at
described
graphicall}^
corps
which,
Island, named
Some
station."
our
right,we
old
the
connected
have
we
car
our
Montana, who
Yellowstone
and
the
The
crossed
gathered here, many
people are
of
far
of
of
Platte
catch
we
crossing to
day's journey brings us
i?fter
each
then
left,and
as
way
the
River, along the banks
of the Platte
ning
Run-
in view
hound
Valley; and,just before reachingFremont,
first view
the
siding.
come
south-west, w]iich
the
to
planting.
reach
awaits
four,breaking
of
team
our
own
Pacific
to
readj'-
push
city; gentlemen
Boston, Chicago,and
all
to
the Western
contribute
to
the
forward
New
from
cities,
"
all
happiness of
TO
other
Two
and
ladies
visited
Pullmans
and
car,
the
as
Music
the
the
the
upon
an
the
reading,pass
time
in
the
the
on.
''
vocal
in
and
good
as
entertainment.
our
dies away
far
over
jokes,conversation
pleasantlytill
awake
retire,to
came
organ,
and
prairie,
and
each
car,
concert, both
jarringwill permit,for
sounds
our
Berger-familyTroupe
contains
car
plains; merry-making
we
"
a
us
of
evening
of the
gave
Our
instrumental.
order
As
gentlemen
our
ahead
are
tourists.
filled with
21
PACIFIC.
THE
o'clock,when
ten.
far
morning
and
out
the
on
"plains."
We
reach
Bushnell, where
While
"wild
his
in
Indian,"
face,and
people in
the
Europe,
"
rural
people of America
they
all evince
the
better
red
men
faint
helped by
around
"Good
We
us
the
wild
Grand
"
"Give
to
had
seen
a
tomahawk, painted
a
to
the
To
England,
all
"
are
them
see
common
their
idea
Of
; while
Indian
the
"
;
few
could
we
course,
and
"Pawnee"
Island,saying,
five cents
have
we
"
of
Indians," and
among
closelyquestioned about
are
sight of
at
Injun !
have
"
a
of
is,tliat we
forests.
on
if I
in his cap.
districts
classes you
of
carried
great desire
of the
idea
who
one
asked
often
was
feathers
wore
the
I
push
Nebraska.
leave
we
breakfast,and
for
Sydney
give but
a
been
not
who
Good
the
came
squaw
!"
!"
passedthrough the length of
the great State
22
of
ATLANTIC
THE
Nebraska,
and
runs,
wliose broad
over
tbe little
its cities.
The
fields ; the
broad
valleysfurnish
river-bottoms,rich
the road
pushed
time, became
the
all the
would
pass
of
grow
few
a
departedglory and
the
Through
which
the
of
and
California,
by
the
is
of the
whose
The
"
town
time
telling
whose
"
here
path
over
gold-fields
and
there
strengthfailed.
Omaha
prairiesand
by
;
and
of
all the
the unbounded
tells you
in the
of the
citythey sing
State
outside
as
Nebraskals."
have
our
liundred
first view
Hills,often hiding themselves
we
the
to
on
sturdy farmer
Omahogs
a
gregated
con-
a
now
the
along near
and
of
miles
fifty-one
the
snow-capped peaks rise high
mountains
place,for
cabins
caused
great antipathy,
Antelope,four
we
and
the
over
and speak
praise,
Omaha,
villages.
short
as
is marked
track
their
At
the
point where
in
pushed
of those
settlers
city.
"
and
business.
follow
of the
peopled with
and
each
the
was
houses
great sins
own
for towns
makes
grazing-
farming-lands;
weeks, and
1848
whose
solitary
graves
there
people,
growth
we
pioneersof
the
immense
Omaha,
from
ruined
State
Between
antelope
roughs and desperadoes. A large
deserted
; the
away
out
terminus, and
in
up
fleet
digs its boles,and
prairie-dog
high ground along the road, sites
As
tbe
acres
look
in the
west
of
Rocky Mountains,
above
the
clouds.
anxiously,as they seem
To
Black
these
impassable;
CHAPTEE
The
of
Territory
Highest
the
We
in
a
Raih-oad
Woman
The
"
ride
of
we
bears,
which
stand,
with
Fifty
miles
to
cotton
River,
wood-
This
Platte),
before
their
the
is
Just
dark
huge,
south
sides
where
are
reach
we
the
Mountains,
the
against
Hillsdale,
of
We
Yalle}^,
and
Rocky
often-described
the
Creek
before
the
us
and
Cheyenne.
antelope,
wolves.
Plains.
South
the
on
Fremont
sky.
of
grove
trees.
of
city
division
and
City.
Wyoming;
Pole
Lodge
of
of
reach
we
herds
directly
see
Platte
miles
Laramie
"
Laramie
Little
Territory
the
with
deer,
and
Sherman,
"
Continent.
the
on
young
through
abounds
found
city,
the
Mountains.
Rocky
Great
"
thirty-five
passed
which
The
"
Point
Jury.
enter
now
have
Wyoming.
V.
the
of
and
city, where,
24
a
a
few
houses
few
is
the
(the
the
also
few
and
buildings,
road
is
A
Railroad.
Cheyenne
first
junction
around
scattered
years
ago,
over
a
extending
the
of
the
the
of
terminus
the
defiant
the
Pacific
company's
plain,
mob
North
to
Denver
de236t,
second
form
held
the
sway,
THE
TO
all the
and
roughs
is the
station
the States fouud
from
nearest
This
and
is five
place
Omaha,
July, 1867,
whicli
a
and
tell you
apprehend
the
witness
the
that
it must,
for
depot for
New
of
a
the
to
This
see
wel
miles
from
Sacramento,
the
4th
site of the
and
of
city;
ants.
inhabit-
the
people
large city. But
a
of the
Cheyenne
long time,
militarypost
as
would
though
great city,al-
a
remain
freightdestined
I
the
as
tributin
dis-
for Colorado
and
Mexico.
of
Many
friends
our
leave
We
begin to
now
thousand
two
hundred
Wild, rugged, and
Two
the
float
go up
quarries in
the
us.
us
to
start
and, amid
for the
many
summit
mountains.
of the
pass
here ;
us
adieus,the signalis given for
up
in
six thousand
become
removal
downfall
we
On
published here;
this is to
that
that
from
Denver.
time, had
are
papers
so
sixteen
sixty
from
one
home.
come
singlehouse occupiedthe
afterwards,at
Two
and
and
ten
have
a
East.
hundred
hundred
twelve
hundred
a
the
Russell:
who
boys
their friends from
come
Fort
to
Sam's
of Uncle
many
25
rACIFIC.
hill
Granite
and
grand
a steep grade ;
b}'-
Union
Canon
at
ninety-eightfeet
are
great
masses
Away
of vapor,
out
from
of
us
on
which, now
seven
surround
are
engines,with difficulty,
drawing
mountain-side.
we
elevation.
hills which
the
and
our
every
and
train
hand
then,
26
ATLANTIC
THE
the
come
which
to
fleecycloucls,
reach
hill-tops.Again,
snow-clad
the
we
the
line, rise
their
granite faces, the
render
Snow-banks
above
above
the water
its
alone
the distance
Elk
At
are
Mountains
this
deep
are
the
; and
keep
a
people
Long's and
seen
to the
ought
station,observing
the
little
should
for him.
few
at
much
tion
eleva-
an
feet
and
a
half
road
here the rail-
this continent.
on
one
be
two
forty-
NarragansettBay
point the
is here
and
mile
highestelevation
road ; and
it must
Sherman,
is
pine and
the
a
scene
of
paintedit.
along
hundred
point
desire to
The
A
paint
necessities
of
about
the
station.
In
Pike's
Peaks, with
the
north.
air is
so
in breatliing
difficulty
; but
train
he has
reach
if
of
ow,
dark, deep shad-
mountains
two
This
is the
the
Peak.
Long's
growth
as
prevails; and,
storm
road
in
could
we
snow-capped peaks,with
such
stages we
tide-water.
here
desolation,
the
feet
eight thousand
reaches
severe
slow
the
The
stunted
scene
between
deeper. By
of
the
twelve
in the ravines
sides of
of these hills.
scenery
that
near,
of
sea
south-west, above
sunlit
sides,and
glistening
cedar,all
the
one
did I realize the truthfulness
Never, till this moment,
Bierstadt's
so
To
floatingmass.
broad, dark
the
seem
all is
that
rarified,
still all the
to be
occupied
the
different
in
there
time
walking
is
while
the
about
the
rock-formations
mountain-flowers,which, with
some
their
and
tiny
blooms, greet the
their
have
There
been
varieties of
and
THE
eye
of the
formed
and
plants
upon
steam, down
a
dwell
classified
the
noble
feet
grade
the
Laramie
to
of
high,spanning
Now
their
feet above
rock, whose
Bow,
south
has
we
now
named
the
see
is
twenty-six
deep
which
now
even
fi.ve hundred
hillsides.
to
a
water,
Buttes.
"
serrated
sides
of
Medicine
found
are
the
E-iver.
the end
City,
"
of extensive
natural
opened
now
The
station, Eed
a
approachingLaramie
is
rearing
material,has left the hard
feed the Laramie
Plain, which
appear,
mountain-range
quitea busy place,the
field,over
per
Bridge
and
rocks
the
upon
division,the proposed site
and
half feet
a
hundred
castles from
the loose
whose
among
are
us
away
form
springswhich
We
without
runs
picturesquevalley,through which
and
domes,
spires,
the
dred
hun-
creek.
having washed
To
a
train
Dale-Creek
the fantastic red sandstone
thousand
valleys.
three
some
forty-sevenand
one
pieceof trestle-work,
trickles the
the
plateauscalled Cheyenne
mile, controlled by the air-brake.
a
in
of
Plains.
Laramie
Sherman
From
tourist,
reminding him
sisters which
gaudy
more
27
PACIFIC.
TO
as
a
railroad-shops,
outlet
up
of
a
thousands
of
the
mie
Lara-
great grazing
of
cattle
are
roaming.
Several
churches,schools,and
a
paper,
tell of pros-
28
ATLANTIC
THE
perity.
The
than
A
Omaha.
; and
and
the station
peoplearound
good
at
other
place
been
erected
has
hotel
have
you
any
here
placewhere
is the
the world
Heaven's
aid in
household
duties
the
sat
witnessed,who
ever
the forms
under
pany
com-
well cooked
jury of
and
decided
heard
of law.
It is said that
making
up
away
children,sang
"
'Cause
Laramie
is
Plain
well
fertility,
a
broad
of before
shall
We
Lookout,
now
Station
placesthe
strike
some
gay
broad
into
of
country
by
and
shape
for the
color
to the surface the hitherto
men
unknown
are
clear
cover
scape
lovelylandof
here,
eafch of
from
rollingprairiesstretch
three hundred
great
road -hands.
as
coal-country5
of
fine
a
all west
Creek, Como,
the
to
jury."
Chinamen"'
Kock
trial is not
"
the
station,and
this
far the
fury,
a
on
carpet
cause
with,
river and
unseen
"John
the
see
pass
which
At
us.
sit
expanse
the
by
fields,
furnishing a
around
to
gone
watered
Flowers
lake.
mamma's
get in
a
staid at home
the hours
little baby, don't
Nice
women
all invoked
How
the
neglectedduring
were
mind
the
they
their verdict.
husbands, who
We
the
by
first
told ; but their obedient
we
leaving
well served.
This
the
since
good meal, both
a
gent-looking
intelli-
more
are
and
far away.
at
Carbon
employed,bringing
for shipcoal-deposits
TO
meiit
far
as
out
of
of
Green
east
this
region
station
thirty
of
stop
The
up
way
the
down
to
and,
our
amid
praises
is
the
the
things."
3*
go
Lake
Salt
which
of
the
to
"
Him
we
day,
to
are
We
have
the
everlasting
has
a
west.
of
who
after
sabbath
Basin.
these
point
and,
;
commemorative
scenery
up
this
upon
a
forth.
place
to
once
which
from
away
through
service
a
grand
will
brightly
ravines
into
hold
push
banks
Phun.
city,
started
this
pass
Laramie
deserted
has
we
the
upon
Little
a
at
night
us
road,
taken
we
risen
deep
now
overland
minutes,
has
sun
liglit
our
breakfast
poor
the
expedition
exploring
an
A
is
the
on
finds
begins
Station
the
During
morning
where
Green-river
many
and
;
River,
noted
Omaha.
as
29
PACIFIC.
THE
created
to
find
ranged
ar-
day
;
hills,
all
CHAPTEE
Sabbath
in
the
Miles
Twenty
Mountains.
Hour.
per
Services
"
Evanston.
"
Wahsatch
The
"
Eocky
VL
Echo
Mountains.
hills
and
The
Bryan
time
into
come
train-men,
ride
having
is
the
for
request,
the
Mr.
day, and,
of
Murray
is
friends
with
the
of
is
from
30
When,
sides.
in
Utah
interesting.
very
the
other
conductor,
cars
and
porters,
seat.
SERVICE.
read
the
after
this,
Boston,
Episcopal
the
on
service
delivered
sermon
the
appropriate
subject,
"
hymn,
"
barren
all
on
eye
gain."
The
ons.
Can-
Ogden.
Granger,
Evanston
arrived,
every
I
going
Weber
uninviting,
tlie
next,
SABBATH
By
and
City
very
meeting
to
and
ours,
fill
land
station,
The
Territory.
miles
some
sage-busli
Passing
The
for
country
Car
a
"
"
The
in
Lord,
to
this
our
western
land,"
by
To
Eev.
die
is
32
ATLANTIC
THE
stand
narrowing
Echo
be
this to
the
Creek
It
for the road.
the
still
can
you
in the
never
now
only
clad
the
mar
to the
Weber
River
near
Ogden.
there
is not
mountains
beyond
fertile
As
we
furnishinga
this
narrow
; and
pass
region,with
the
several
abundance, the place seems
Weber
is laid
Canon
along the
is
now
banks
as
of the
of
folly.
the
Salt
and
Echo
Lake,
river,so
very
City is just
it is tlie centre
; and
snow-
that
seems
conquered, the
rivers
mons
Mor-
springs the
into
railroad
destined
entered
the
troops, and
river,it
safe road-bed.
to
up
liuge bowlders
our
flows
has
man
by
whose
for both
j^ass ; but
Pulpit
narrowest
full view
the
ter
en-
towering cliffs,
of
among
to
come
enough
room
the
erected
in
rise,and
its
to
Hock,
monument
a
open
Mountains,
is the
narrow
"
takes
the
destruction
now
track
designed
were
we
happily the
landscape,
south
Wahsatch
of
top
; but
for the
the
had
At
way.
fortifications
1857
year
used
were
Away
the
see
its
the
on
gorge,
mere
out
himself
God
ever-
receding liills,
open
speeds
ravine,
a
Hock, Hanging
cliffs and
train
the
of
part
only
gateway through which
the
valley. Castle
as
through the
on
dashes, marking
that
seems
Rock, towering
view
rusli
we
it becomes
until
canon
which
down
liills;
of the
out
up
of
a
furnishing fisli in
to
gain
for miles
some
the
portance
im-
track
dashing,foaming, angry
TO
stream.
High
side,and
in many
hillside.
bound
mountains
this
road-bed
placesthe
action,have
ravine
is cut
assumed
having the
rocks
at
A
of
point are
called
one
The
"
large thriftypine, whose
the
Tliese
form
the
hardy pioneers toiled through
long before
the
Mormons
railroad
dreamed
was
Omaha.
from
to
of, marks
There
it
the
pass,
before
miles
a
west
ing
stands,a solitary
sentinel,tellthe
passing traveller
every
reared
long
thousand
a
hills,
serrated
was
long before
here, and
;
Slide."
Devil's
giant
came
rocks,
peculiarforms
walls.
huge
appearance
of the
The
from
the strata,standingperpendicularly
often
each
on
out
wonders.
Every step presents new
their volcanic
by
33
PACIFIC.
THE
tale of home
same
far away.
Occasionallywe
which
yellow stone
far
to
the
national
north,
has
through
and
made
now
where
of rock
into
madly
on,
emerge
into
the
of
forever
peculiar
large sections
famous
public park,
a
a
Granite, slate, conglomerate,
all
limestone, are
these
Just
glimpses
rendered
playground.
sandstone,
Wahsatch
catch
in
seen
a
journey
hills.
the river is forced between
a
the
the
two
foaming, boiling current
road
fertile
Mountains
the
crosses
plain of
are
now
either side the well-tilled farms
great walls
which
stream, and
Salt-lake
we
soon
Yalley.
passed, and
of the
rushes
we
Mormon
see
The
on
settle-
34
ATLANTIC
THE
A
ments.
the
of
short
ride
Pacific
two
TO
takes
PACIFIC.
THE
Ogden,
to
us
the
junction
roads.
OGDEN.
This
is
and
large
But
town.
will
^^
a
;
of
many
Some
propose
quite
!"
you
going
the
alone.
not
the
banks
of
the
pretty
settlement
to
At
the
and
development.
signal, we
south
Here
to
a
this
let
us
in
rest
for
so
off
of two
of
way.
:
start
city
is
"
Saints
ride
the
! ''
another
and, having
;
Farmington,
us
formed
part with
we
call
"
been
Good-by
and
the
of
has
place
"
;
City,
been
our
duties
city
thirty-six miles, brings
growth
take
must
Lake
days
have
breathed
lake, nearly
of
three
Railroad.
whose
are
and
nearly
a
the
west
Salt
to
go
life,and
friends,
the
to
Central
bless
going
for
and
stopped,
now
friendship
of
through
Utah
our
has
mons,
Mor-
destined
be
passengers
for
ties
last
God
to
decided
which
car,
the
of
cars
situation,
that
where
home,
which
said
the
leave
souls, mostly
train
our
Having
cars.
thousand
its
announces
change
our
four
from
seems,
conductor
we
of
city
a
we
along
passed
hours,
peculiar
a
a
day.
VII.
CHAPTER
Young.
riding
the
of
city
the
at
''
been
have
of
rate
known
the
view
our
then
the
is
the
and
luxuriance;
of
houses
the
the
cottages
and
peach
In
the
snow-clad
side
of
of
groves
the
this
cars,
the
in
and,
people,
the
of
form,
draw
we
in
nestled
meets
tabernacle
almost
the
the
adobe
city limits,
their
among
mellow
twilight
valley
;
the
whose
houses
of
sabbath
the
weird
of
the
forms
rich
day,
rise
Mormon
35
;
tropical
nearer,
within
when
which
object
apple
orchards.
mountains,
the
in
blooming
as
;
liour,
per
first
oval
trees,
then,
farmers
of
roof,
the
upon
CITY.
the
town,
huge
Brigham
"
as
LAKE
SALT
Approaching
penned
miles
twenty
Saints/'
Schools.
and
The
"
Utah.
of
letters
former
Buildings.
the
People,
Worship,
of
Future
The
"
its
Situation,
Houses
their
Mormons,
My
its
City,
Lake
Salt
the
on
great
every
trader;
36
THE
ATLANTIC
cottages suiTounded
the
streets,along either
and
coming,
depot
In
to
of
to
the
few
a
this
see
continent, it
and
of the
little
Befreshed
this
given.
satch
the
of the
rest
settled
the
the
'^
of the
upon
also to
the wilds
make
ready
al-
not
required
The
guests will find
The
start
table
the
out
is
rooms
a
part
of the
spur
of the
a
has
been
Wah-
city being
gloriousview
adjoiningcountry.
from
Nauvoo,
of what
is
now
"
do
"'
to
attention
July 24, 1847, by Brigham
through
be
market;
which
and
driven
for
clerk.
much
so
from
town
well
city,as
expenses.
where
sleep,we
northern
bench,"
for
good.
is located
followers,who,
'"^ss
going
is better
gold will
of the
best
of late
town
the
westward
here
trip; for, if
gentlemanly
and
rest
which
upon
city was
his
The
a
mountains, the
well
had
by
city,to
Townsend,
the attention
cleanly,and
this
other unavoidable
to live at is the
suppliedwith
in
days
balance
and
geniallandlord
are
Mormon
riding from
interesting
place,and
the
to pa}^ for meals
well
abide
in
see
the
of
people who
provided therewith, a
a
walls
sightswe
across
for
over
preparationfor
house
little brooklet
hotel.
our
stop
rest, as
the
broad
gardens ;
rippled a
; the
stores
the
are
"
journeying
to
side of which
worship, with
of
houses
one
blocks
long
;
luxuriant
by
Young
had
is
The
and
j)ushed
Iowa,
into
plains,
through the mountain-defiles,
and
this
TO
valley. This
band
zealots
religious
of
government, callingtheir State
Mr.
Young president,
a
"
this
to
Utah
As
day.
did much
inland
is well
and
and
the
which
through
the
the
valley. As
followingthe
Valley by
the
Emma
Mine,
the
by
we
golden
Kuss
treasure.
*
4
This
name
ingressand
Parley Passes,
the
off to the
old
south,
Salt
Lake
canon.
Canon,
looking south-east,
wdiere
considered
now
the
land
of the
is located
the
world.
mines
Valley mines
signfiesthe
into
came
turned
Brigham Pass, where
see
Wahsatch,
of
and
street, and
is
of
this
which
Kiver, and enteringthe
which
sixty-
mines
Canon,
argentiferousgalena deposit in
west
rich
of Echo
and
railroad,
Cottonwood
he
time
Mormons
the
out
main
of
Oquirrh mountains, through
the first-mentioned
the
holds
farm-lands,great
the east
Emigrant
are
came
Weber
Little
he
governor
valley in
The
of which
we
Standing in
see
east
former
left
stage-road
we
was
deep caiions extend, the only doors
To
the
he
include
on
the
by
\Yest
egress.
electing
1857, during which
iron.
situated is bounded
on
*
office which
mountain-ranges,and
lead,
gold,silver,
cityis
"
Deseret
known,
miles
of square
wild
seas,
organizeda
soon
whose
developingthe Territory,
towards
five thousands
"
title and
years, until
for many
37
PACinC.
THE
are
exist
well
honey-bee.
the
richest
To
the
rich in
known
;
38
ATLANTIC
THE
and, indeed, every
and
canon
great inducements
From
all the
the
snow-capped all
River
and
Jordan
they
streets
to
have
structures
contain
and
the
Tlie
only
can
and
find
you
young
Mormon
prevent
within
not
their
friends,by
Gentile
over
the
an
stores,upon
words, "Holiness
Mercantile
with
people
here,to
the
of the
which
the
fortable
com-
is
gathered
perilof
Mormons
had
so
a
sign
is
Zion's
fended
de-
by
know
may
placed
painted a larcjeeye,
the
the
people try
it,undisturbed
church
not
opening shops
Nature
Lord.
Here
the
from
; and
has
church
The
occupy
That
edict
are
seen.
Luxury
brothers
alone
Institution."
tial
substan-
merchandise
they trusted
to
ite,
gran-
being elegant mansions.
boys.
of their faith.
those
and
good
thousand
her
around
they would
good
temple."
prosperityare
girlsand
their
"
needful, but
town, which
the
that
the
the
and
erected; and .the dwellings
stocked
well
are
well
are
hornblende
a
Many
of them
of her votaries
many
to
stores
been
some
Outwardly, comfort
hills
right angles,broad, well-shaded,
twenty-two
neat,
lake
abounding,
and
graded.
extent
some
which
all at
are
oak
some
seen,
points the
The
erectingthe
are
are
some
view.
sandstone
"
and
in
are
buildingmaterial,
of which
from
; and
year
sent
pre-
miner.
hardy
mountains
maple, pine, and
wooded;
The
to the
streets,the
mountain-side
every
with
Co-operative
followers are
ex-
40
ATLANTIC
THE
seem
galleries
said
sitting-roomfor
thousand
ten
in
be
to
high,where
be
can
the
of
front
uninviting.
the
The
depart in
peoplecan
building:
he
very
preaches;
for the
one
There
that
so
are
form
plat-
is little
all looks
cold
arranged,that
so
minutes
few
a
which
"seventies."
doors
probably
either side of the
on
is
Immediately
then
counsellors,
of the
seats
;
pulpit,raised
or
from
deacons; and
the
the
the
for
paint,as yet, inside
and
desk
a
Brigham sits,and
then
bishops,
are
is
There
thousand
fourteen
comfortablyseated.
organ
below, one
next
numbered.
incapableof being
the
all sides of the
from
structure.
In the
asking
chains
attached
was
the
as
At
of
opening of
ox-teams,
hundred
and
best
If the
was
and
the
feet
eighty-six
eacli
corner.
folding
scaf-
make
pairs
re-
operation,
the floor.
done
are
their
upon
carried
architecture.
the stone
a
was
out,
Until
hauled
by
mountain-road,so
It is to be
slow.
necessarily
upon
to
in the
plans
of
age
that
to which
wished
been
all
railroad,
high, and,
spiresat
from
twenty miles,over
some
that the work
feet
the
the
down,
holes,and.
told
was
use,
is saved
little has
temple.
worthy
let
they
expense
but
this time
it will be
a
when
is sixty-five
feet
ceiling
much-talked
the
much
thus
their
be
could
little
numerous
friend
Mormon
our
through them
:
noticed
we
ceiling
a
dred
hun-
ground, ninety-nine by
and
a
half,with
towers
TO
As
would
you
expect, Brigliam lias
enclosed
plat of ground
his various
are
well
so
of his
some
with
houses,called
"c., his school-house,and
is not
other
as
we
if
followers,
not
as
"
and
large
a
able
valu-
walls, within
The
"
cultivated
fur better at
41
PACIFIC.
THE
The
"
Bee,"
buildings.
at
"
Lion,"
His
scheming," are
farming."
theatre,the council-house,the cityhall,and
The
are
all stone
finish.
There
of
of which
none
buildings,of
several
are
can
we
published here,
much
say
versity
uni-
architectural
some
newspapers
their mechanical
abilityor
farm
find it ; and
expected to
good
which
good
to
as
their
execution.
MISSIONS.
all of
have
denominations
Several
which, we
have
are
justcompleted a
held
fine
religious
purposes
wards,
over
founded
stone
St.
tant-Episcop
Protes-
Mark's,
chapel,where
here,
and
services
regularly.
THE
For
missions
flourishing.The
told,were
were
Church
have
established
in
by
a
are
each
of
bishop;
which
and
preserved.
SCHOOLS.
the
city is
meetings
for
The
divided
are
into
held, presided
political
purposes
people of
twenty
each
these
ward,
visions
diboth
42
THE
Mormon
and
theory
Gentile,
are
largelyin
so
fact,the
The
control.
the
payment
The
Sunday
the
of
of
schools
the
We
took
their
views,
and
attributed
their
attempted
to
break
three hundred
three
months
were
not
do
They
the
in
troubles
not
license
their
tenso
;
new
one
arguments
came
are
wives
into
favor
asked
we
their
that
admit
in
arguments
and, when
by
upon
least
dealers
the
troubles.
satisfaction
still
at
none
all attributed
; but
We
interposition.
of
husband's
fact
in
polygamy
ex-
plainly,they had
often
the
paid at
their
tone
them
were
their
answered
to be
Court:
divhie
to
fixed
sum
their
defiant
them
lished
estab-
system
to which
Supreme
in any
deliverance
their
heard
of the
spoke
month,
conceal
to
attempt
leaders
The
of
rumsellers,who
the
terms
"
All
accede, hence
to
decision
recent
of the
dollars per
advance,
gentlemen,hear
to
their
down
inclined
support.
buildings.
same
customs.
by the city government.
was
all upon
to
their
for
Mormon
their
observe
recent
the
as
VIEWS.
call upon
pains to
free
are
in the
GENERAL
in
majority,they exercise,
tuition-fee
held
are
church; but,
schools
small
a
schools,-uhich
the
govern
independent
are
Mormons
in
ATLANTIC
unhappy
house.
that
the
when
All
woman
to
a
their
of
Salt Lake
is not
is his
but
ennobled,
slave,
and
the
made
of
equal
of
unworthy
condition
a
"
43
PACIFIC.
THE
TO
our
man,
and
age
country.
Their
religioustenets
be
quotationsmay
show
may
their
plead, and
we
she
mother
and
say,
reach
cannot
she
; and
numerous
that, under
ride
grand, the
about
a
As
know
can
presided over
through
use
by
a
the
and
enclosed
by
coolness
even
streets
the
favorite
is
of
the
and
irrigation,
grassy
under
the
still for
can
ings,
buildwoman
organization,
A
be.
never
the
roads
Mormons
are
farms
by
in
fair
number
houses
in the
are
dition.
con-
passed, one
the
have
views
of
in
ferent
dif-
country, each
wife.
conducted
from
city,furnishes
a
glidingalong
banks, gives to
a
city
womanhood.
the
wealthier
town, and
water, which
The
for
the
of
the
CITY.
THE
of his wives
number
of
she
and
delightful,
front-doors,although
parts
:
Bible
and
lands
city is inspiring;
the houses
the
of
men
noble
matron
OF
the
scenery
the
their social
and
true
a
SUBURBS
A
their
their merchandise
be ; but
may
pleaded;
gains, their
material
their stores
be
may
summer's
sun.
the
City Creek
good supply
on
streets
either
an
side,
air of
44
ATLANTIC
THE
BKIGHAM
is,of
the
course,
his secretary we
lion
"
YOUNG
"
be
to
introduced
were
of
preserved,good-lookingman
air of
face,the
open
stature, in short,a
as
and
with
seemed
to
His
me
as
He
is
address
the
well-
a
ordinary
the many
select from
in
good, easy
wins
conversed
we
is
seventy-two, with frank,
would
you
suavity which
that
him.
to
gentleman, above
a
man
of talent.
one
By politenessof
seen.
friends.
speech,
Thus
together for
he
few
a
minutes.
He
has taken
in the
prominent part
a
ments
publicimprove-
Territory; organizinglines
telegraph; building railroads
a
between
of communication
avenues
in the
He
is beloved
his
by
of
presses,
stages, ex-
; and
the
opening
various
followers
ments.
settle-
; and
over
know
that
the
people he has great influence.
Thus
much
for
was
a
were
that
long
be
time
unsafe
forbidden
the
even
pie
"
that
were
Danite
ham
men
were
warned
pill"
taken
to
and
the
in
mines
too
of
from
the
often
to
do
Territory;
or
themselves
missed
course
the
silver;that
out
was
still we
:
open
Mormons
prospect for gold
and
said
must
^-councils
their homes
forbidden
"
were
; that
Territory; and
administered.
invite
tiles
Gentrade
on
carry
were
that
life
that
Had
;
to
held,
peo-,
the
Brig-
immigration, to-day
TO
would
Utah
of the
Her
would
in mineral
peopleare
that
Mormons
of
in ;
has
lived in the
that time.
and
two-thirds
Territory,
again,one-third
of whom
do not
believe in
the
the telegraph,
and
railroad,
is
to this land
a
instincts?
The
thousands
calling
the school must
with
in
follow ;
practice
practisepolygamy
missions
of
will
our
her
the
mines,
of her
climate,
given
to
wiselyand justlyin
Let
us
pray
now
for
so
soon
accord with
the occasion will be furnished
act
;
that
hope
not
we
ideas will be
new
the
of whom,
her borders ; the church
problem,which
attempt to solve it.
the
the
people in
the salubriousness
Congress to
this
or
years
probably,at
are
Mormons,
wealth
into
risinggeneration; and
statesmen
belief and
civilization in
new
velopme
de-
placeamong
increasing.May
of her soil,
and
fertility
are
Territoryfour
There
are
their number
new
and
trade
thirtythousand
and
national
changes:
party is being formed.
new
a
the
themselves,respecting
time,a hundred
carry
her,probably,the first
great change had taken
a
polygamy, within
this
of her mountains.
impulsesto
new
given ; and
gentleman who
me
with the noise
certainlyworking some
coming
are
told
smelting
richness in the Union.
railroad is
The
fires of
echoed
have
made
have
constellation
our
the wealth
mills,crushingout
resources
m
the
with
ablaze
the hills would
; and
furnaces
brightstar
a
States,her lands
of
A
been
have
45
PACIFIC.
THE
vexes
lightand
and
the
our
ing
deal-
all who
peace
!
CHAPTER
The
Central
Lake.
Pacific.
The
"
The
"
Humboldt
VIII.
Town
Corinne.
of
River.
The
Palisades.
"
Ogden
which
take
we
company
Having
good
last
home
to
of
Browne,
travelling
the
minutes
were
us,
to
tain.
Moun-
of
days
thus
Eastern
Ogden
Providence,
Company,
as
we
lar
singu-
a
in
Europe
his
on
the
to
found
who,
entire
gives
train,
also
we
before,
in
much
adding
coaches.
By
us.
left
we
the
upon
At
journey.
several
whom
Pacific,
sleeping
awaiting
Erancisco,
Car
about
in
and
day
quarters
friend
a
formerly
Pullman
the
both
our
came
San
our
As
"Battle
Central
the
of
cars
accommodations
coincidence,
October
the
own
engaged
found
Salt
Reno.
"
At
Great
The
"
ure
pleasK.
Mr.
agent
satisfaction
way
D.
for
the
to
the
public.
train
started
past
five,
and
beheld
become
nights.
46
off
from
the
(Sacramento
p.m.
many
familiar
new
in
a
depot
time),
faces,
ride
of
with
two
at
we
twenty
looked
whom
days
we
and
48
ATLANTIC
THE
driving of
the
the
the
last
which
stroke
spike.
welded
the
The
lightningsounded
iron
bands
uniting
the
oceans.
From
SALT
GREAT
which
lake
stretches
is
w^ide ; contains
south,a
mountain-like
several
these
another
cattle,and
are
with
the
Weber, Jordan, Bear,
lake
has
visible
no
in, the
the
is
Some
which
scientists assert
be
feet
fields where
being
The
now
from
"
higher than
the
under
darkness
the
carried
explained,
this
how
when
yet this
reduced
are
salt
some
that
hidden
lake ; but
the waters
the
the waters
sea
by
is left
by wagon-loads.
away
the
with
easilyfloats
rivers ; and
summer
size.
of this lake
person
other
that there is
continuallyflows
to
twelve
margin
of less
waters
Its waters
outlet.
evaporation;and
along
and
a
into
flow
forty-five
horses,one
The
sheep.
There
surface.
others
with
impregnated with salt,that
so
upon
of
is stocked
islands,one
This
sea.
islands,as Church,
Antelope,Fremont, Stansburry, and
Of
vast
fiftymiles long, and
and
of the
LAKE,
the
to
away
hundred
a
is to be had
the best view
the hills here
stream,
fact
one
are
now
some
settled ;
Territorywas
early pioneers planted
mains
re-
their
grains
the waters.
is
now
upon
us, and
we
must
retire for
TO
good
and
American
miles
of
a
"
As
seen
A
few
the
see
miles
cattle
and
on,
division
second
station
is
distributing
point
the
this
Pass, towards
looked
after
march
the
with
for several
which
the
Humboldt
cloudy:
so
the
the stream
we
us,
we
Toano, where
at
first
The
Loray.
to
it must
begins
become
a
is
and
through
and
is
a
to
; the
a
of
day
we
pass
looks
brook
air is
daj's
they toiled
around
muddy
ground
resignourselves
which
the
country
mere
former
exposures
Through
Cedar
climb
to
of
emigrants
The
the
our
mining-districts.This
hardships
Valley.
of
sage-brush.
Ogden
in time
of
Nevada.
desert.
stillupon
snow
from
place,the road
enduring the
uninviting;
some
extends
longing eyes,
across
the
ourselves
long
out
(the Humboldt) begins.
importance in
first of
Leaving
find
located,that
so
look
grazing among
we
division
(Salt Lake)
The
few
a
bed
signs
some
justrisingbehind
sun
sixty
rise the
Kange,
the
day,the
to
we
many
about
remote
as
with
us
pass
of
waste
that
runs
through
run
begin
we
so
;
window, with the morning
begin to
night we
some
Goose-creek
to be
vegetationare
vast
doubt,at
lake.
the
rougliridge of
the
train
furnishes
Utah, and
Desert,
saline
vast
a
in
without
square,
coach
During
stations
Our
Pacific.
luxurious
bed.
clean
unimportant
Great
the
and
slowly;
very
a
the Central
first night upon
our
49
PACIFIC.
THE
their
enter
very
; there
is
cold,the sky
of very
uninter-
50
ATLANTIC
THE
only brightened by.the hope
esting travelling,
Sierras.
reachingthe
of which
the location
we
point for
the nearest
stop
seems
to
demanded
to be
suppose
We
settled,
let
"
As
sparely
determined
describe the river which
us
in
are
we
fertile section,but
a
"
at stations
railroads,
perhaps as
interior town.
some
Vallejrof Humboldt,
the
the
by
soon
strange, but which
so
us
then
and
now
of
the
line of the road.
RIVER
HUMBOLDT
is
of the
mountains
of
same
hundred
two
some
but,when
north
;
Near
the
and
a
river flows
for in the
"
vast
lake
view
pale moon
:
with
:
part
of this lake
was
to the
south
side.
the
lake
into
see
miles
thirty-five
seem
to be
almost
had
Sinks
long
Lake,
Carson
flowing into it,but
the name^"
hence
tlie
way
be added
they
rivers
muddy,
upon
the
crosses
some
to this must
two
of
Brown's, we
it is
rainy season
visible outlet
Our
called
a
points a running, rapid
some
Garlin,it
near
Avide ; and
ten
at
the
in
westerlycourse
a
; sometimes
miles
fifty
passes
station
the
which
and
road
The
it takes
name,
but
sluggish stream,
river.
importance. Rising
little real
of
stream
a
one,
"
with
no
of the Humboldt."
just after sunset, with
beams
and shedding her
justrising,
upon
the
the
waters.
All
day long
wo
have
run
through
a
very
unpromis-
THE
TO
the service of the road
requiredfor
at the proper
such, for
by
is to be
journey is to
the
that
ourselves
console
in
the
of
employes
shops
those
vast
and
houses
As
wastes.
of this
tameness
for the
us
prepare
is
we
grand sight-seeing,
of
one
erected
Winnemucca
and
their
as
buildings.
out
us
be
must
line.
begins;
of the
finds
Night again
the
and
cit}^,
the
far the most
to-morrow
along
division
a
make
the company
make
intervals
here
Sucli stations
unknown.
ing country, unpeopledand
are
51
PACIFIC.
grand
must
part of
our
of the
passage
Sierras.
A
hour
the mariner
as
"
up, and
us
sees
"
observations
lookingaround
out
upon
found
some
we
Canon
in either
look
up
rock-faces
close,that
of which
its
rise
we
so
seem
does
not
is
tion,
posi-
our
dailytakes
ocean
his
the great
placein
a
possess
sea.
grandeur
high, and
to be
no
press
the interest that
Canon
bleak, brown, yet
gained
early
an
to find out
Echo
or
there will be
engineer has
and
us;
PALISADES.
Weber
points,there
the
his
to determine
THE
Humboldt
refreshed
has
good night'srest
another
; but
forming
a
still,at
deep
the
victory,and
as
us
These
walls.
bare
the
but
strikes
which
rushing into
escape
;
is
river
gorge,
so
out
skill of the
built
a
road-
52
ATLANTIC
THE
bed
over
and
there
the
wliicli
we
of iron
seams
riches which
hills.
Red
feet
twelve
Cliff is the
above
miles
the
in
the old hills for
meagre
dark
barren,
a
their
The
plain.
building;and by
has
been
UXTAIN
and
throws
to the
up
weary
During
Truckee.
Tahoe
near
empty
and
the
the
over
is
and
the
The
river of that
name
and
long
from
Lake.
and
the
hotel,and
a
"
entered
has
by
a
den
gar-
tain
foun-
refreshingsight
wastes.
two
the
valley of
its rise in
Lakes
branches,until,
river),they unite,
I refer to
about
frame
irrigationa good
barren
flows
creditable
a
of the
the west
over
little to
bunch-grass scattered
we
miles
with
cated
lo-
save
past night,
Pyramid
in
opened
see
the
Donner,
about
ing
frowning sides,leav-
sparkling waters,
traveller
sand
thou-
is
large mining-district,
a
cultivation
city (named
into
only ten
its
been
old
STATION,
station-house
to
brown
road-bed.
clay country,
made
tell of
gorge,
have
craggy,
for river and
hills far away,
the
to
narrow
here
and, jealousof their towering
for
freighting-point
in
these
by
This
to pass;
space
which
copper,
store
length, seems
us
observe
highestpoint,risingsome
BATTLE-MO
the
in
water.
grandeur, they raise
a
and
ore
held
are
safety. We
in
pass
two
and
this little valley,
wide, because
here
it
early pioneers,both
the
that
was
desert,found
the
food
furnished
themselves
their
from
whose
resting-place,
a
and
horses
their
for
and
coolingwaters
nearly dead
and
exhausted
teams
53
PACIFIC.
THE
TO
shady
trees
toils in
fields
green
cattle,and
them
gave
and
whose
strengthand
hope.
KENO.
Of
this
place every
and
sixteen hundred
hundred
a
and
has
itself
in
reality
givesto
it is the nearest
miles due
north.
boasts
importance is,that
any
we
to
purpose
are
justleavingthe
on
over
here
our
is full
return,
Lead, and
Comstock
famous
mining-camps
stop
twenty-
some
country all around
The
and
We
Eeno
"
VirginiaCity,the
mines
Crescent,"and
The
pointto VirginiaCity,
of interest ; and
visit
"
inhabitants,
great city.
a
What
one
called
This
Sacramento.
thousand
two
and
Omaha,
of
west
of
east
fifty-four
little paper
a
twenty miles
is said to contain
livelytown
It is situated
heard.
has
one
the
in the section.
little station
of
VERDI,
and
are
eastern
fairlywithin
now
side of
5*
the
Sierras.
the
The
canon,
toilingup
river rushes
the
angrily
'
54
ATLANTIC
THE
by
confined
us,
within
thickly covered
the
cross
for which
greet
now
with
the
with
us
stream, with
The
the
clear
a
whistle
country,
its wealth
waters
of
timber
now
the
around
can
is in its
and
fine
made.
between
thousand
the
many
be
of
snows
and
old
the
of
trees,
banks
of
birds,a cooling
a
a
good
town
winter,traces
block
and
hotel
into
the
northern
the
place,
country
five thousand
above
tide-water,
and
three
Tribune"),schools,
all built with
of which
the
and
up
this
at
five hundred
are
by
boards
is elevated
(''The
the
to
up
heavily-timbered
a
feet
forty-five
paper
the
of
excursions
houses
upon
draw
saw-mills,turned
thousand
two
The
great drifts
borders
grand
soon
ground,
The
has
peo]3le,
churches.
State,''
whose
upon
now
we
Golden
huge piles of
is said to be
eight hundred
contains
we
In the midst
encumber
which
from
and
with
sides
sun.
river;
There
streets.
"
toiled,but
pleasing song
sounds, and
Truckee.
in
have
we
hills covered
depot in
the
in the
are
little patches of meadow-land
breeze,and
and
timber; and, toilingon,
and
dividing-line,
the land
"
with
rock, their
of
its walls
are
sides
regard
even
now
of the
to
seen
buildings
lumber-piles.
Here
we
enter
division of the
minutes'
upon
the
Sacramento
and
road; and, having improved
stop here
in
looking about
the
the
Oregon
thirty-
place,the
bell
CHAPTER
Truckee
The
Sierras.
Region.
Tlie
"
Placer
"
From
about
the
is
slow
doing
now
indeed
a
The
of
river
to
casting
the
up
then
Eleven
called
Strong's,
and
miles
and
higher,
56
and
or
to
quire
re-
Our
cars.
mind
are
we
selves
them-
engineers
crossing
"
pines
beyond
climb
the
ras
Sier-
we
hills,
see
to
we
tortuous
far
below
the
upon
firs, causing
tumbling
of
Truckee,
its
and
the
surface
the
beams
early
glisten,
the
between
until
his
great
to
sparkle,
and
now
is
mountains
mirror.
higher
in
the
ago,
accomplishing,
sun
lighting
snow-clad
seen
years
feet,
the
bear
must
we
fifteen
sufficient
draw
to
of
hundred
grade
a
"
engines
few
of
morning
the
a
Cafion.
railroad-car.
landscape,
the
mile,
hut
;
what,
despaired
in
the
distance
a
twelve
nearly
powerful
most
in
Summit,
to
American
"
the
of
Mining.
rises
feet
Summit
The
"
Mountains.
the
down
to
road
the
eighty
pace
llun
Truckee
miles,
Snow-Sheds,
"The
Hydraulki
and
IX.
waters
Donner
Lake,
shine
enter
like
a
canon
rising
course,
us
a
the
lake,
ATLANTIC
THE
tlie line of the
braced
and
againstthe
in the
so
that
dark
are
still remains
to four feet
in
Some
landscapeto
Even
After
the
and
Here
served
fairly
enough
to
air and
with
!
one
a
;
and
with
a
rush
voice
cry,
napkin !
be somewhat
"
"
the
snow
drift from
two
at
the
could not
such
as
themselves
Steak
Even
disconcerted
a
pairof
quarter,our
a
station called
cooked
they
at
waiters
expect
appetitessharpened by
long ride,seat
a
tected
pro-
sides of the
well
good breakfast,
a
althoughwe
in
be
snortingand puffing,
whistling
have
we
attend
the passengers,
shall
for which
a
a
during the
view
road
it lies in
iron horses stop in the snow-sheds
"Summit."
there
to-day(May 16),the
hour
an
way,
will find
Yankee
great, driftingsnows
screaming,for
and
ings
open-
of the
most
huge pilesagainst the
deep.
the
tunnel, of which
from
along inside
all
From
snows.
gloomy,for
winter
noted.
so
sheds,while
the
those
from
Sierras
and
in
while
summer;
enter
now
compels these
regret that necessity
this beautiful
to open
way
We
since,
glimpses of the landscape,
this section.
in
many
fierce
tell shed
cannot
we
are
all
we
ugly sheds,so
littlewhile
snow-sheds,framed, boarded,
catch
we
sides,
that
lovely,
which,a
impassablebarriers.
the line of those well-built
57
PACIFIC.
THE
lulls
road,and
themselves
seemed
TO
when
have
mountain-
table,and
! coffee ! bread ! trout
of
company
at
such
a
all
ter
! wai-
regularswould
confusion
of
mands.
com-
58
ATLANTIC
THE
Looking
here upon
around
the
our
station,a singlebuildingperched
mountain,
perceivethat
we
sides
craggy
lift themselves
their tops,snow-clad,are
Here
which,
one
the
to the
by
west
and
until
divide,which
the
form
mountain-streams, all of
of many
course
bare
another
upon
are
lost in the clouds.
great granitehills
these
determines
Sierras,whose
the
higher hills,
peaks of
many
by
near
windings,find
many
their way
to
the Sacramento.
"
Ding
!"
goes
start upon
we
and
little
a
down
hill.
run
is two
hundred
and
so
under
full breaks
at
below.
axle,we
an
We
control
am
told seldom
is,sent
air-brakes
controllingthe
With
of
be
No
is
steam
of
one
quired,
re-
now
train
is propelled
by
which,
down
hurled
is
those
or
into
of
a
the
glidingalong steadilyunder
No
from
attached, and
against accidents.
fearful
still
the
valleyof
great speed,held
a
would
are
the
sea;
sand
thou-
seven
now
great, that the
of the brakemen.
the
are
is cried ; and
sixty-ninefeet,and
and
chains, by the breaking
chasm
In
We
five miles.
grade being
or
for
hundred
the
wheel
the
"
forty-twofeet above the
Sacramento
distant
a
!"
All aboard
the bell.
Truckee
without
other
every
all the care, and
train,great
be, and I
train should
risk
is
precaution
all the
run
having
upon
devices
such
a
grade.
running
from
Summit
to
Dutch
Flat
(thirty-eight
TO
fall three thousand
we
miles),
nine
feet,and
six hundred
few
and
Bear
considered
catch
sightof
of the
reach
long
and
By
tunnel
to
we
towards
dozen
miles,we
the
enter
feet
between
AMERICAN
down
that
sides,
into
old
the
rush
and
trail,
a
road,so
mountains.
ride
on
about
of
a
CANON.
walls
perpendicular
almost
the
waters
restraint.
we
can
the waters.
the
So
roars
hills,
smooth
stand upon
Erom
sand
thou-
two
the
the
and
brink,
cars,
sional
occa-
views, grand
and
imposing beyond description,
attention.
We
stop a
rivet
our
Flat
or
whose
after
ing
Los-
the
tumbles, impatient of
look
the
high,the river,hard pressedby
sharp-cutare
and
old
head
the
tions,
unimportant sta-
where
the
valley; and,
GREAT
Here,
under
Yuba
Pacific.
the
pioneer,crossed
the
pass
Gap,
the
we
farther on,
the
reach
soon
Emigrant
weary
down
and
towards
views, we
As
glimpses of
hills,and,
its way
thousand
gradeswhich, only a
American, and, passingseveral
we
a
tliese
the
thirty-
insurmountable.
occasional
between
River, winding
and
four
miles),
(fifty-one
"
glidealong,we
dashing
six hundred
twenty-one feet,
were
3^ears ago,
E-iver
Colfax
to
59
PACIFIC.
THE
German
cabins
orchards.
are
Level,
"
adorned
a
with
few
minutes
pretty
town
Dutch
at
of
tidygardens
miners,
and
little
60
are
differently
How
the
emigrants
inch,the
of
of
now
!
and
hardships?
dreamed
us
THE
for
hundred
a
AND
engineer for
of those
know
can
and
Then
in comfort.
pioneers could
be
toils
have
ing
cross-
SNOW-SHEDS
; the
longest tunnel
feet,and
fifty-nine
eight
to
skilled
a
?
nigh fiftymiles
and
toiled
luxurious
steam-engine would
the
day
in
now
of those
TUNNELS
hundred
sixteen
along
who
Nevadas
the Sierra
from
and
that this
continue
iron,with
by
by inch, they
inch
passes;
this train
on
from
Then, inch
!
ago
foothold,as,
carried
are
mountains
gain a higher foothold,or
a
of
horses
driver,we
years
rugged
the
coaches,with
Who
few
a
even
keep
to
down
clhnhed
crossingthese
we
toiled to
teams
equallyhard
a
ATLANTIC
THE
hundred
ranging
many
and
being
feet
seventy
in
length.
The
their
in
they
a
snow-sheds
are
cost
of about
that the
and
construction
framed
that
snow
this road
upon
and
ten
from
erected
thousand
falls here
from
great avalanches
from
the mountains
the
necessityfor
into
these
those
as
the
on
Union
:
here
structures, at
permanent
dollars per mile.
Knowing
sixteen
feet
of
the
entirelydifferent
are
snow
to
and
valley,we
structures.
twenty
ice
can
They
rush
deep,
down
understand
are
so
con-
with
structed^either
side
of the
while the
sharp,slopingroofs,or against the
that
mountain,
the
taken
are
employing watchmen
and
to
prevent
along
the
road
ditches filled with
dug
are
near
around
supply,and
"claims"
from
Nevada,
into and
Gold
The
whole
and
the
on
few
miles
like those
a
claims
Blue
which
are
the
beyond, through
County, and
great quartz
upon
growing
them.
upon
doubt, the
has
fine
cated
lo-
which
Lead,
of Sierra
without
was,
stant
con-
are
large"placer-mining" district
tract
river
the various
to
on
the
as
a
the
furnish
and
little
ditches
narrow
valleys. These
Kun,
the
from
action of the water
found
carried
largemountain-stream, which
away
having
the
hills,
tapping
through a part
the best
accidents,in
see
perpetual snows
is known
great beds, within
worn
These
in
extends
once
running water.
what
upon
a
miles,we
are
below
constitute
for
now,
where
safety.
MINING.
the sides of the
its source,
State.
in
readiness.
engine always in
an
fires and
them,
over
passes
frequent intervals,and
at
HYDBAULIC
All
snow
trains,as through a long tunnel, pass
Precautions
water
61
PACIFIC.
THE
TO
in the
bed
piled up
of
these
particlesof gold,
mountains
Petrified
the hills
by
trees
are
around,
oaks, the manzanita, the mahogany,
"
and
the
now
pines
others,ir
62
ATLANTIC
THE
peculiarformation,which
this
in width.
miles
in
extending
with
out
nozzle
is
hillside.
carried
miles
a
'^
the
directed
long flumes,
of the
bottom
gold, which
is
its
by
often
placed
are
a
-against
liquidmass,
one
flumes
to the
in
is washed
dirt
soft
into
these
fles,"
rif-
"
flume,
gravity
own
bottom, and is caught by these riffles. Along
are
flumes,at intervals,
out
the
dirt has
"
tail-race
Within
length.
the
the
wood,
flows
water
miners
action
the
and
large stones
been
full,the
be
the
of
telegraph,hose
the
gravel,and, forming
"arresting"
seeks
by
flume
this
to
which
little slats attached
"
for
is
this
through
in
claim;
six
or
is taken
the water
long, narrow
a
five
to
one
ditches
attached,from
By
the
from
away
is
the
over
stream, and
constant
the
these
From
which
telegraph/'
"
a
is from
washed.
stationed
pieces of
When
the
is turned
water
men,
rock
from
riffles are
and
ofi",
who
which
the
supposed to
dirt
the
throw
is taken
out.
The
is
a
next
process
sheet-iron
diagonallyover
box
a
is the
with
a
little
of the
use
long tom," which
"
duplicatebottom
than
more
half
secondaryiron plate is perforatedwith
it,in pocketsmade
is
by
placed the quicksilver.This
to
The
a
sluice-way,and
dirt which
has been
the
taken
from
the
upon
"long
water
This
box.
holes ; and
cross-slats
two
the
extending
torn"
turned
the
is
under
bottom,
tached
at-
now
through
rifdes is
now
it.
64
"
j)lacer''
on
to
a
THE
ATLANTIC
or
^'hydraulic"
This
he
explored
San
we
in
But
been
we
mountain,
talk
and
my
upon
formerly,
from
observation,
we
learned
and
flora
from
of
land,
Also
gold.
of
the
section
ton,
Bos-
in
which,
Dr.
from
much
and
1849,
A
of
geography,
the
which
through
journeying.
nearing
are
called
of
may
that
Cape
"
mining
beauties
readers
before
than
the
visit
to
of
climate,
have
carried
now
fellow-travellers
our
search
Francisco
geology,
of
one
returns
now
extent
obtained
was
with
wlio
is
which
begun.
was
information
conversation
PACIFIC.
THE
mining,
less
much
very
mining
quartz
TO
and
our
know
famous
"
Horn
;
and
miners,
ride
how
"
"
we
double
down
must
observe
the
for
to
and
"
tumble
stop
the
few
next
the
the
our
grandeur
miles,
horn/'
that
CHAPTER
Horn.
Cape
Ride
a
closed
We
sides
the
of
known
last
our
Oakhand,
to
mountain
who
People
the
of
out
place
their
the
left
the
far,
see
little
really
is
a
building
his
far
and
brook,
this
of
road
''
Indian
below
there
and
the
first
us,
a
the
little
into
failed
to
the
bridge.
we
a
v^ii^
driving
the
hill,
like
looks
spanning
Now
very
make
of
river, which
plank
the
round
we
around
loale-face
and
road,
left,
our
all
far
to
As
looking
on
which
crests
hill;
from
chasm
mountains
horse."
iron
large turnpike
6*
deep
the
cunning
across
glory
that
over
bleak
shrink
timid
snow-capped
craggy,
directly
into
dark,
Even
clouds.
trail
down
the
HORN.
naturally
are
cars
upon
up
rear
we
that
as
CAPE
or
the
around
of
vicinity
in
seen
Francisco.
San
winding
the
in
is
What
opposite
were
we
as
"
"
"
Sacramento
from
The
Rocklin.
and
Pacific.
Western
The
Sacramento.
of
City
Auburn,
Colfax,
Stations
The
"
X.
it, which
sharply
turn
65
a
66
to
right,and
our
the
across
a
chasm
THE
ATLANTIC
lose
sight of
look
we
As
side.
we
down
thousand
Gliding slowly along,a
trestle
a
upon
long, and
take
to
hundred
a
which
When
we
this
and
in this
by
foothold
this
we
labors which
"While
we
we
have
have
been
reached
for
distributingfreightfor
camps,
the
No
with
one
the
depots
You
company
for
tlie
Bet,
have
and
and
view
can
the
of
As
vice-j)resident.
York,
hold;
foot-
a
road-bed
herculean
without
directed
energy
Grass
peaks,
workiug-place;
pretty town
honor
Little
Chinamen
looking,admiring,and
in
of
the
the
bed
road-
mountain
accomplished this result,and
skill and
the
joicing
re-
it.
ing,
wonder-
Colfax,named
this is the
point
Valley,Nevada,
other
erected
is
unattainable.
so
labor,to
struck
being
which
themselves
a
much
.bringsus
upon
the
to
pice,
preci-
low.
valleybe-
high,
built,the
passingin safety.
are
that American
and
yet
enlarged
point without
Juan,
feet
us,
was
reach
seventy-eightfeet
and
from
ropes
the
left
gorge,
road
working-place,after
which
over
of
of
our
and
near
to
the
to
thirteen
this
so
down
turn
way
into
positiongraduallyworked
the
the
saw
section
lowered
were
and
safelyover
us
some
brink
feet
hundred
eight
just
as
road-bed,seemingly within
along the
run
a
river;and
anxiouslyfor
look
we
stone's-throw,
the other
the
see
we
the
mining
towns
large and
merchandise,which
San
is taken
stantial
sub-
by
"fast
a
freight expresses" (four-horse
wagons
light load,and
horses)to
ready to
county
the
although
place
for
along
At
be
may
by, and
in
sides
we
been
plains of
good
time
of American
River
itself upon
of
the
gardens
"
a
upon
the
in
orchards.
early
the
of
some
We
of
scenes
handsome
a
"
old
the great
picking our
the
land
American
the
As
is
the
of
either
and
the
now
are
Plain."
;
We
make
marsh-lands
over
the river
in the suburbs
and
Orchards
side; flowers send
liftsits great green
fig-tree
us
beyond
see
Valley.
and
trestle-work,
upon
whose
left behind
are
cross
this
leave
we
we
rolling,
River
has
company
mountains, down
way,
meadows, and
City
granite found
manner,
bridgeof wood,
Queen
are
perfumes ;
the
the
over
home-comfort
now
round-house.
and
and, although still
the
from
foot-hills of
have
even
substantial
a
machine-shop
place,the
business, still the
the
miles
thousand
a
buildings; and,
indicate
cars,
the
at work.
seen
built
Eocklin,
near
a
"
air of
no
where
mining-operations,
settlers
substantial
dozen
some
Auburn,
at
well-kept gardens and
and
neat
has
are
mails.
stop
we
on,
and
the
from
houses, seen
hy relays of
rate
County, containing
neat
many
and
passengers
Placer
of
rapid
a
carrying
points. Stage-linesalso
farther
miles
seat
at
interior
the
convey
people,and
pass
driven
all the
Eighteen
their
67
PACIFIC.
THE
TO
us
leaves
choice
to
the
68
the
sun;
of
ATLANTIC
THE
soft,balmy air fans
What
summer.
were
in
up
needed
now
cars, and
land
in the
are
Only
the
of
of
all
"
!
change
snows
fire in the
a
we
the
a
clieeks,
our
few
a
hours
cold
Sierras,so
overcoats
our
"
ago
we
that
we
besides ;
on
almost
of
flowers,
tellingus
tropical
luxuriance.
the
Passing
the
supplies of
but
the
the
hundred
a
and
this
hundred
here
and
to San
Francisco,by
the
cars
presented itself!
of every
nation, speaking
language.
city
"
and
Here
the
diggins" who
belles
near
the
"
cisco
Fran-
two
roads.
at
seventeen
miles
;
Oakland, is
of
Here
who
Grolden
come
to town
were
to
Gate
altogetherthe
most
take
young
men
a
"
and
mechanics
old
miners
for
the
jargon
while;
a
cars
"
;
platform,what
gathered persons
are
tongue,
every
country, meeting
had
the
upon
merchants
were
occupation;" old
"
to San
hundreths
way
;
miles.
thirty-eight
scene
a
given
seventy and eighteenone
stepped from
we
is
terminus
the
of
the
River.
western
Pacific
union
to Omaha
into
Sacramento
the
was
depots for
taken
soon
the
of
the
about
from
here
from
As
are
completion of the Western
distance
and
we
banks
1870
year
brought
The
repair-shopsand
company,
the
station,upon
Until
great brick
men
waiting
"
for
for
of this
from
the
the
ionable
fash-
the
with
"a
of
no
city
ticular
par-
chance,"
"cosmopolitan people"
I
have
As
met.
ever
around
talk
the
see
you
these,we
and
flood,after sojourninga day
Here
the "overland
added
coaches
for
run
to
what
see
looks
pumping
the
upon
strange
water
of wheat
but
amazed
be
Valley,which
than
But
a
hundred
we
are
we
miles
out
We
the
the
shall try to
up, with
of the
Yankee
away
soon
the
from
the
the
which
begin
mill
is,the wind-
oftener
skirt
eral
sev-
station,and
We
; that
of
fertility
and
crossing,
to the
along
destroyed by
river.
barn, and
stretch
ing
inquir-
buildings; but,
is made
vineyards
at
are
the
a
blocks
large tank, built
a
the
Fine
air.
great fields
can
into
to
is
here.
two
push
we
along
house, upon
the
in
up
; and
they met,
one
city,once
express"
distance
some
or
persons
bay?"
city.
this
of
description
those
other
the
from
out
journey.
our
great State House, with
little of the
see
better
give a
stores
The
river.
loftydome, stands
save
to the
their
nice fruits and
every
going
substantial
some
frontingthe
street
its
friend,"Are
Here
pass
and
Pacific,as
inquireof
for Frisco?"
hound
of his
We
along the Central
stations
you
the
to continue
time
the train,they would
entered
them
price of
the
the
await
so
thirtyminutes,we
people, observe
ask
to some,
flowers,and
"Are
train waits
the
among
ways,
At
the
69
PACIFIC.
THE
TO
sometimes
upon
stilts
road ; and
river.
We
Sacramento
extends
more
north.
nearingStockton,called
"
The
Windmill
70
ATLANTIC
THE
City."
As
the
city,we
can
see
of which
A
the
of
stop
Golden
little of the
but
from
Lathrop,
the
junction
traverses
the
San
which
is
a
the
of
push
through
on
several stations
view
the
of
ahead
offer
another
winds
itself
of
canon.
still discern
the
the
dashing river
Presently the
the
dark
the
junction of
to
see
the conductor
"
Joaquin River,
the
and
train
our
between
this
Liver-
through
dark
tunnel, we
quite dark, we
now
great mountains
either
on
are
can
side, with
feet.
our
station
Niles
San
Oakland
cries out
out
to
seem
but
out
a
a
us.
insurmountable;
its way
catch
Pacific,and
which
high hills,
Although
the
miles, and
many
far behind
see
we
Jose
the country ; and
gladsound
Division, which
towards
away
it finds
at
importance is
Occasionallywe
Rushing through
the
of any
The
"
for
uninterestingcountry, by
along,twisting in
Pass.
fairlyin
far
us
impressions
away
the San
account.
no
barrier
coast-range,until
more
rather
a
the
for the Yo-semite.
of the Sierras
snow-caps
Just
of
Diabalo
Mt.
are
we
Joaquin Valley for
favorite route
from
pleasing.
Visalia
Crossingthe great bridgeover
we
wise
no
station
next
removed
place,the
minutes, and
The
Gate."
in
depot are
few
a
is somewhat
station
!
"
we
is
announced, which
branch.
can
!"
is
only wait
But, while
Oakland
It
we
and
were
many
is
now
too
to
hear
wishing,
passen-
CHAPTER
in
Arrival
San
Francisco,
XI.
and
First
My
last
which
San
of
from
the
the
to
itself
pushes
city
that
and
bows,
of
the
which
the
cold
hung
lights
wind
us
to
think
a
singled
us
now
rather
out
us
the
to
up
cold
about
of
city,
came
intended
it
our
for
the
and
72
bay.
We
in
the
:
but
porter
of
great
crowd,
and
to
giving
all
our
about
whom
us
was
true
the
in
seemed
time
much
had
welcoming
But
baggage.
had
"
unhappincss,
fog
mer,
sum-
House
now
our
we
a
Lick
a
told
that
not
the
get
were
Tliis
had
Ave
to
frequent
afternoon.
the
friends
faces,
quite
inquiring
dispelled
the
were
reception
;
trying
our
rushed
irresistibly
going
fog,
in
the
we
the
blew
bay,
up
visit, and,
soon
into
across
the
over
and,
bridge
towards
before
long
boat;
which
usuall}^ coming
to
the
long
Point
not
was
peered
the
upon
Oakland
It
upon
we
us
from
out
the
City gained
Day.
with
Francisco.
cars
glimpse
closed
letter
the
of
Impressions
of
written
California
and
made
our
come,"
wel-
us
ATLANTIC
THE
feel
well,that
so
wind
wharf
; and
us
order,awaited
and
Tired
were
exhausted
; for
hotel.
for
first
DAY
we
SAN
IN
down
streets
car-riding,
the
upon
good breakfast,
FRANCISCO.
but
;
his
as
with
the
hurry
left
we
our
for
fro
house,
Street,
and
of all bustle
lack
confusion,although just the hour
every
to and
California
towards
Montgomery
forciblystruck
were
all
business
went
dations.
accommo-
night
a
jostledagainst his neighbor in
and
for
every
expected a busy,bustlingcity,where
had
the
what
our
FIRST
upon
done
continuous
our
us
all in
rooms,
hefore
coast, which, together with
prepared us
one
Here
had
we
such
by
sleeping away
soon
Pacific
We
us
to the
landed
the
carriageawaited
a
telegraphedthe day
"
fogs and
sail of twenty minutes
driven
do,
the
to vote
City Front," where
were
should
we
"
at
we
proper
one
A
'^
73
PACIFIC.
THE
ready
were
luxury."
a
at the
we
TO
beginning general
business.
bankers
and
brokers
The
just preparing their
were
; but
and opening their day'stransactions
balance-sheets,
all
wore
a
look
little knots
the
had
Pacific.
been
here
An
of
despair,as
and
there
"
upon
inquirydisclosed
tumbling
for the
began
men
past
the Wall
the
few
in
to assemble
Street
"
of
fact,that stocks
days, and
would
74
ATLANTIC
THE
probably
in
(May 10), stocks
unknown
rate
a
hundred
day
It
for the
first
who
the
upon
the
show
it to be
market
will
When
as
in
search
be,
can
day
of
a
sooner
fortune
or
and
dark
heavy
gloom filled
and
friend
; and
time
a
and
self
my-
stocks
the
footings
our
of dollars.
experiencesof others,
?
Do
of this
dangers
be
to
were
the
stocks
shores
of the
from
aires
j
cline.
de-
another
of
depreciation
that
noon
people learn
plainlyenough
Sure
of the
to
A
brokers.
risingforty-sevenmillions
the
strew
in
up
gambling
stop
which
estimate
an
despondency
and
of bankers
made
and
circles ; and
Friday/^
Still lower
go
millionn
hung
a
"
it seemed
clouds
The
dollars,
saw
were
ago
at
nineteen
black
to
Board
and
;
"
the
were
tlie
days
losers.
were
houses
few
bankrupts
financial
over
a
hundred
as
stocks
of
meeting
to-day made
all
that
true
too
Men
when
hereafter
down
from
case
one
week
last
tumbled
had
three
than
less
remembered
only
was
in
"
of
Friday
mines
all the
before,
dollars to
be
to
to-clay. On
lower
go
sea
which
of
wrecks
stock-bujangtell
beset
who
one
this
upon
later,you
the
not
barks
em-
flood.
angrj^
ingulfed in the
are
maelstrom.
But
w^alk
let
around
upon
Street.
us
turn
the
away
from
city; and,
that
such
of course,
fashionable
scenes,
we
soon
and
take
find
a
selves
our-
thoroughfare,Kearney
A
had
We
the
coming down
a
a
the
dressed
as
on, and
side
their
a
"
writer
says
to convince
that
one
toilingfor
The
a
To
Friscans
sometimes
"
the
elaborate
to become
of
but
build
their
ugly.
ladies walked
that the ladies
dictated,making,
filled the
spacious
colors, styles,fashions,
feminine
the
requirea
charms,"
expression
very
has been
long stay
"
for
here
overdone, and
peculiar,ornate,
them
blocks
often
used
can
and
tellingof
attracting any
me
taste
hold
we
is very
three,and
iron
without
bouquet of
"a
;
heavy cloth,and
pair of
told
suit of
a
summer-time
costume
streets, or
accommodate
owner
and
in
is
legitimatebasis.
prevailingmaterial
when
hat
fancy and
business
architecture
grotesque.
dark
soon
It does not
advisement."
now
;
of
side
by
perfectmedley
material,
tellingof
this
Yet
the
they promenaded
one
gown
winter.
just as
forms, and
"
a
dressed
one
ladies
perceivedtwo
we
hat
little observation
churches,
as
in
street
A
notice.
the
"
long fur cloak
New-England
down
far before
street,
dressed
other
with
SIGHT.
throughout,with
thin lawn
the
STRANGE
walked
not
75
PACIFIC.
THE
TO
is the
afford
wooden
but
to
and
one
and
often
earthquakes,the
houses
only two,
story high.
redwood
it,they
are
ornaments,
in
The
painted; but,
covered
such
excess
with
as
76
ATLANTIC
THE
In
day
one
little of the
be
hasty impressionsmay
The
people whom
affable,ready
they are
very
The
weather
are
the
have
about
you
is
their
be
supposed to
is about
which
city,of
in this
sun
when
; and
climate, that
houses
of
to
fair June
a
65", and,
little uncomfortable
a
extremely politeand
are
proud.
thermometer
you
show
to
these
; and
seen
closer observation.
changed by
meets
one
be
citycan
it is
that
; the
the
sun,
desirable
so
"the
to
tisements
adver-
in the
see
you
let,"c.,
of
out
day
rooms
are
sunny."
We
took
along our
the
the
over
the
overcoat, which
by
city; and
upon
still the
the
into
coal-fire in the
of their
like
grate.
streets
to
take
This
:
but
the first experienceis very
out
of the
:
questionto
hardly
business
or
does
urgent
one
sit out
want
lying
upon
refuge
they tell
weather
summer
Looking
of
found
we
the
over
fog rolling in
shivered
spirit.We
evil
an
spiritwas
hotel
o'clock
three
ocean-wind, surcharged with
down
same
for, after lunch, we
banks
huge
cold
you
;
garments.
see
the
hurried,walked
driven
of
west, you
fog,rushes
a,nd
wind
serviceable
most
hills to
for the
prepared
were
one
us, until
we
before
glowing
is
me
may
to walk
social calls demand
a
It is
during
or
ride
it.
were
ple
fed?'sam-
a
get used
unpleasant.
of doors
rections
oppositedi-
in
the
to
it,
utterly
ing
even-
out, unless
A
dinner
good
which
gloom
very
before
the
good
the
first
day
the
city
faces
with
the
^'
old
bishop
would
bay,
speak
of
this
drive
to
the
early
;
but
Cliff
the
seals.
7*
it
Friscans
to
being
her
at
ocean
the
visit
my
Gate,"
as
of
-^'
the
the
enjoy
their
and
enjoy
;
built
back,
of
is
that
view
what
''
old
yet
the
very,
first
as
sula,
peninthrough
the
"
other
used
we
and
son,"
les-
But
only
to-morrow
is
endeth
narrow
seen
son,
sea-
there
thus
Atlantic
ocean,
are
coast.
reached
not
that
pleasant
a
upon
navigators
House,
and
dent
confi-
you
the
Pacific
the
the
they
endeth
say
proposed
and
tell
that
Thus
have
we
;
the
dispel
to
and
satisfied,
him.
of
Golden
ocean,"
pranks
"
creates
to
stay
be
to
one
blessings
as
cannot
you
sorry
much
fog
days,
unpleasant
compels
of
which
with
their
are
does
afternoon's
an
assurance
these
hotel
the
at
77
PACIFIC.
THE
TO
enjoy
to
shall
the
XII.
CHAPTEE
Cliff
The
and
House
View
Francisco,
New
how
Pacific,
and
"The
Lions.
of
San
in
Sunday
"
Dedication
Stone's
Dr.
a
Indeed,
all
after
this,
a
of
a
about
78
;
and
little
so
fills
the
blow
in
the
the
drive
than
a
liked.
air, and,
we
able
indispenstown.
ride, that,
The
borne
"
the
fine
at
was
ing
Appreciatsecond
day
off.
were
upon
I
city,
the
through
mile
be
must
wonderful
in
sand,
of
is
this
lunch
from
Cliff
Cliff?
the
the
after
little
we
to
for
more
No
is
morning
out
prepared
we
martyrdom
hills
been
you
arrival
drive
necessary
first
House.
Koad
this
into
reception
Cliff
skies, the
Cliff-house
estimation
showers
the
are
the
the
my
Have
our
look
pre-eminently
upon
"
fearful
over
proper
so
breakfast
asked,
drive
which
blasts
how
the
to
tlie
in
least
at
been
the
are
angry
a
to
the
the
and
House.
"
city,
has
he
matter
how
;
A
cold
no
even
seen
observed.
this
seen
until
Friscans,
or
Cliff
the
of
it is
how
lias
one
matter
was
and
Rock
"
Church.
No
of
Piazza
the
from
Seal
Road.
the
sand
the
city
from
Pacific
80
ATLANTIC
THE
it be to watch, the varied
unless
interest,
out
the
the great sand-banks
made
field and
ripples and
Just
as
curved
towards
way,
house
The
sandy
inviting in
whereon
foam
serve
them
rather
who
Among
as
their
in
; but
howling
offer
the
out
house
their
and
the
to
ture
crea-
ocean,
Seal
Eock,
in their antics
drippingwith
in
out
all
tails,
great
over
business
as
great
sides
with
their
out
nor
architecture,
inside
left,the
your
sides
"
Cliff-
brings you
built
its
looking
rocks,their
with
nicely
lavish hand.
paddles, hands,
rocks
sharp
a
of the
enlarged
stretchingthemselves
now
;
lashingthe
or
the
a
colors.
very
more
and
disportthe great sea-lions,
rubbing
now
pretty
the veranda
crawlingup
now
evidentlybeen
little to
a
a
structure
dispensedwith
Standing upon
takes
level
distance
wooden
a
its appearance
are
the
to
over
changing
road
of
beach.
is neither
comforts
have,
is
has
increased,and
short
a
Cliff House
rocks,and
you
the
look
or
beach, and, by
let down
and
the
upon
the
are
you
piazza;
down
the
wind,
approach the hotel,the
you
down
grade
the
observe
by
surface
the
"
the
; and
sun
great fins, which
feet ;
the
or
time
growling,
to
amusements
again
now
the
ple
peo-
throng this popular resort.
the lions which
in the service
fun-lovingcitywith
of
have
grown
old
and
entertainingthe populace
its
strange freaks
and
ill looking
of
this
pranks,and
whose
Butler.'^
Ben
"old
and
Headlands,
all the
; and
Gate
called
\ and
they
be
picture must
have
must
one
called
of the other
the
around
been
!
sea
the
are
enter, and
and
through
The
Japan.
from
rock,rise majestically
the air clear of
with
beautiful
of
are
seems
golden,through which
China
to
who
leapinto
farther
must
port
path
good
his last
Rock
a
and
peace
take
of this
shipsseek
our
where
hills,
sea
the
commerce
which
the
soon
left is Gull
our
greatest bravado, is
For
Ben"
"old
lions,may
To
the
rock with
to rule the
and
over-feeding,
squintfrom
now
eyes
81
PACIFIC.
THE
TO
fog, and
here,and
at
this
rightly named
the
settingsun,
a
stead
road-
narrow
"The
Golden
Gate."
For
miles
beach
as
could
you
ride
can
you
along
desire.
The
as
pretty and
sandy
dashing
ocean
at
your
feet,or surging against the projectingrocks,tells
our
"other
called
this
calm;
but
Then
"
the
laid out
as
waters,"we
Oregon, or
will
not
California
the
indeed, upon
are
to
knew
been
was
far
an
Atlantic.
island
told that
that
a
or
which
desire
voyage
settle the
Shelvocke
its waters
and
north
the
to
to
of
were
so
character.
determine
mainland
have
we
us
Navigators
its southern
enough
If you
Alaska, will
only hope
of
earlymaps
island.
an
blue
"Pacific,"because
they only
they had
whether
the
ocean,"
a
;
seen,
try its
"
and,
it is
pacific
north, to Portland,
question;
Drake,
and
and
you
their
82
ATLANTIC
THE
had
compeers,
this
great
our
as
Its waters
ocean.
neither
ocean,
and
sends
which
once
sought
have
been
said
the
down
Cliff
be
to
coffers
of
Cliff Houses
not,
in
every
else
best-built
hazed
freshman
the famous
into
the
contain:
road
the
a
been, had
the
over
the
of
now
what
State,been
streets
into
it is
so
of
have
this
back
us
hotel,as thoroughly initiated
House, and
gold which
the
might
in
which
pretensions
monuments
there
took
of the
Cliff
soil
houses"
"house"
old
thing
delightfuldrive
some
last,
much
so
whose
but
by
around, deserted
number
through
Houses,
the
of
stand
A
bay
"other
are
entirelydampened
these
as
the
into
this
extent, by the
considerable
a
Cliff House
the
but
;
blue
as
rock.
decomposed
Around
clear
as
named
they
before
evidentlynot
are
they
are
undoubtedly, is caused, to
mining,
north
farther
sailed
a
city,to
to
nopoly.
mo-
road, and
mysteries
leading
it
of
it,as
great mysteries of
our
the
is
a
college
life.
Let
this
not
any
famous
a
live
torment
when
you
here
written
drive, lunching
taking
to
thing
sight
"
of
his
visit the
Old
Ben
enemies,
Golden
at
deter
the
you
Cliff
Butler,"
and
State.
from
House, and
should
disgust
taking
his
he
still
friends,
TO
SUNDAY
We
and
the
tramp
was
the
Fourth
saw
and
^'
of
place
a
the
of
to
There
were
circus,and
sights,but
for the
extra
at
the
gardens :
the
great
for
without
sent
to the
of
ourselves
^'
Sunday
find
little
takes
the
islands
in
her
"
Barnum
"
"
of
and
day
one
holiday
peopleinto
the
bay,
the
to
or
Garden
long
Pacific,where
to-day?
the
parade ;
Woodward's
of the
and
at
more
Providence
whom
for
go
the great
was
"
golden shores
The
theatre
the
at
great places,
Woodward,
some
Gardens.
little bewildered
a
villagesand
all
to
City
all must
so
pleasantSunday
still every
every
great shows
perhaps to-day a
"
wives
sweethearts,
them
the
a
walks
side-
adjoining country.
attractions
told that
with
busses," and
take
and
be
confess
"
placarded with
to
were
countr}^,to
the
we
with
men
their
would
Woodward's
people,
California
into
the
cars,
wliich
all
at
We
of rest.
boats,the
were
hotel-window
picnic. The
some
it
thought
we
with
by eight o'clock,
resort,"or
performances
that
the
music,
militarycompanies,each
their way
on
conveyance
horse-cars
but
From
of martial
time
a
children,oftener, perhaps,with
hurrying to
sort
the sounds
July.
three
filled
FRANCISCO.
soldiery. Por
of
hand, marching
were
with
of
less than
no
SAN
IN
awakened
were
83
PACIFIC.
THE
and
;
ago
could
how,
in
84
ATLANTIC
THE
have
the What
After
House
Cheer
breakfast
possessionof
friends
; but
we
: so
mining
ourselves
the
found
we
to
passed our
forced back
them
should
it,we
have
Paris, where
the
In
friends
which
with
said
to
Dr.
the
dedication
Stone
is
house
city,and is situated
and
building was
The
them
stylein
look
described
brilliant
as
passed off
Stone
is
the
like
"
it.
The
we
had
to the
very
to
very
hats
probably
Street.
hundred
in
accompany
large; and
and
dress
of
sermon
heard
from
the
him
entire satisfaction
popular
with
of denominational
irrespective
the
the
The
finest
the
dollars.
sity
peculiardiver-
of the
ladies
of
one
doctor
; but
in
for lot
cost
thousand
huge nosegay,"as
a
again
of
church-edifice,
new
is
Post
on
rising a
congregation was
of
know
not
we
we
gala-day.
arranged
of the
which
back
were
seen,
pastor.
this
Architecturally
the
Did
the great
had
afternoon,we
had
we
in
England.
made
complete
tlieir numerous
manner
certainlywe
Sundaj^ is
to
ing,
spend a quietmorn-
to
the
in New
Sundays
for
over
go
in
boat
Society and
Turner
were
comparing
been
it not
contemplatingthe strange sightswhich
and
camps
?
German
a
city,had
bethought
we
to church
Oakland
the
in
entertained
been
tlie
visitors from
by, would
gone
years
friends
our
not
was
still the
of all
people
made
services
present.
of
differences ; and
as
the
Dr.
city,
his teach-
ings
works
good
and
85
PACIFIC.
THE
TO
have
influence
an
which
is
far-
reaching.
Thus
begin
Sunday
our
a
something
week
of
can
was
passed;
observation,
be
gleaned
out
for
our
and
we
of
which
readers.
shall
we
to-morrow
trust
that
XIII.
CHAPTEE
Impressions
after
Wharf.
Oakland
"
her
and
life
give
to
have
I
What
"
City.
of
the
A
Tribute
for
making
material
readers
my
spent
now
opportunities
me
outward
is
Peculiar
The
"
from
seen
to
the
in
San
chitecture.
Arof
Memory
a
judgnaent
of
her
and
I
will
development
which
views
Francisco
;
have
formed
been
deliberation.
with
As
of
Francisco.
Streets
Churches.
which
week
given
try
San
King.
The
has
in
The
"
The
"
Starr
Week
a
is
well
late
I
and
history
of
must
The
the
place
deeper
the
commercial
and
perhaps
fortifications,
86
rival
a
say,
of
the
seems
the
about
building
San
known,
city
to
city,
the
the
great
of
then
the
already
the
city
of
the
early
of
the
Spanish
established.
of
with
site
exercised
the
and
the
bay
the
early
built
is
Oakland
where
site
superiority
by
side
unacquainted
one
water-front
assured,
Island,
Oakland
the
on
greatly
Goat
of
occupation
that,
for
is
Francisco
Pacific.
days
determined
selected,
aided,
mission-church
The
and
city
now
;
88
ATLANTIC
THE
liamlet
from
crease
the
people gathered in
her
saw
fightsof
flagsof
the
and
bull
the
nation
every
from
town, and
to
I
and
bearing the livingfreights,
ships flyingthe
saw
the
to
I
city.
to
plaza,witnessing the
bear.
coming
town
new-found
harbor,
the
carrying away
den
gol-
treasure.
Now
far
cityhas
the
Mission
as
used
Bay,
the
towards
stretched
to lie is
to the west
and
covered
now
the
; and
has been
filled in to find
with
covered
Around
have
stores
little
remain
to
and
look
upon
a
the
banners, at
over
city,you
the
the bustle
the
land
west
long lines
the
and
to
Montgomery
; there
by
a
shnibs, to
shipping,with
the
war-vessels
decked
which
the
but
love
early days. As
of
of storehouses
and
the
of the
old inhabitants
some) ridingat anchor, gayly
then
; and
noise
tacked
at:
enclosed
trees
the
see
and
been
scenes
wharves,
space
therein
their merchandise
plaza has
the
bay
has
decay
the dwellers
park, to which
think
block
mile, the
a
Hill
fence,and beautified with
forever
come
you
to tell of
The
ISTiantic "
instances,substantial
Telegraph
emptied of
settlement.
iron
neat
been
more,
large brown-stone
in many
buildingsand
remains
now
early
the
a
The
"
as
"
deep water, and the whole
large,and,
storehouses.
both
by
south,
miles,and
two
east,for nearly
of stores
to
to the
place where
The
ocean.
far away
in
cover
Mansard
ing
fly-
ways
(al-
bunting,
the
low
roofs of
clock-tower
on
Street,all
come
the
in view.
of Russian
then
gentleslopeto Mission
the
south
bay
is
From
the
upon
between
each
the
towards
over
great sandhills,
In
after ten
part
the
the
season
of the year.
Montgomery
the next
the
street
the
west
must
in
treme
ex-
the
down
San
Francisco.
ated
it is situ-
a
which
arms,
narrow
pass
Gate, which
of all rise
pass
taken
is the
from
street
principal
west, and
with
parallel
trade
is with
over
to reach
the
tlie
the
western
upon
the
prevailat
this
and
over
trade-winds,which
whose
shopkeepers,
8*
Golden
Street, running
Market,
a
away
ridges,or
the
the
To
as
visible,
moruing, hangs
town, ready to be
city by
to
we
out
a
months, generally,
fog-bank,
summer
whole
south
which
o'clock in the
of the
To
bay.
to the
stretcbes away
other,leaving only
makes
south
laying
; and
of two
the
the foothills separating
is not
the southernmost
the
to
Farther
South
and
sea
open
them, which
ocean.
docks
dock
dry
city,the
towards
jut out
fronts
the
seen
cityis
the west.
to
Cahfornia
on
are
the land
bay
China
the
are
they
the
tliem
the
Hill.
Bay, with
the
from
ocean
above
Bising
and
beautiful cemetery;
a
Commerce,
Mountain, where
is Lone
above
Telegraph Hill,and
of
form
house-cappedsides
south
of
Chamber
the
bare
bald and
Kearney Streets,and
and
Montgomery
89
PACIFIC.
THE
TO
Telegraph
; while
Hill
Kearney,
it,is attracting
the
ladies.
New
90
ATLANTIC
THE
whicli
Montgomeryj
that
by
street
Hotel
Grand
for its
and
name,
by cutting through
inconvenience
Does
The
wooden
pavement
;
those
There
macadamized.
are
laid.
are
the
upon
walks
that
is the
style,which
road
are
used.
it is with
them;
the
that
difficulty
Street
Clay
of
Many
being
the
a
ples?
exam-
city are
of
the
plank-
of
many
the
streets
one
suffer.
such
all
so
drive
pretty good
streets
plank,
all
are
can
side
of
streets, where
principal business
individual
portion
nearly
are
of
sparsely settled
in which
way
or
more
tax-payers
furnish
too
are
sidewalks
The
the
in
and
the
portions of
business
in the
streets
the
but
a
"
location
expense
case
one
Providence
and
Boston
not
great
in
:
personal ruin,
escape
may
streets
new
at
the
officials
the
change
to
of
ruined,
city
as
old
enterprise
been
either
the
front
one
have
who,
those
of
unfortunate
an
private individuals, attempt
trade
which
upon
of whom
projectors,many
for
extension
an
erected, was
is
good example
be
to
was
kinds
or
test
of
steep,
very
up
save
even
down
for
pedestrians.
The
around
horse-cars
are
the
and,
required to
hills ;
draw
a
car
compelled
then,
even
up
to
the
make
often
grade.
long
four
detours
horses
are
TO
THE
We
the
Dolores
Around
are
of the
bear
the
neither
are
old adobe
the
many
which
BUILDINGS.
old
marks
elegant
architecture
the
of
speak very higlily
cannot
city.
91
PACIFIC.
THE
church
the
of
clay houses
of
generally small, one-story, three-roomed
quitefine privatehouses
cently some
but
all
and
beauty !
seem
that
unhomelike, and
so
The
House-builders
loill
call
"
and
have
to
seem
October
that every
hence
deprived of
they are
the
crack,and
the
Grand
ceilingsand
The
high
wood
; and
earthquake.
all
that
extent
structure
covered
are
they
which
become
the
Bank
for its
offices,
although
to
eye, the
our
a
best
The
most
for that
large nor
of
:
ing
impos-
harmonious
stituti
peculiarin-
to
such
of
an
repulsive. The
California
of
fall
they
buildings are
very
sonry
ma-
the Lick
"
somewhat
ornaments,
often
specimen
"
newer
with
neither
the
will
style which
great hotels
is considered
an
claims.
that
chimneys
to
has
too
of proportion,
quake, and
will
facades: the Occidental
front,but
;
"
present long and
"
erected
of all grace
out
so
E-e-
accepted the situation,
earth
earthquakeproof."
been
all architectural
sacrificed taste
they have
"
houses.
have
publicbuildingsare
rule,
a
destitute
so
ings
dwell-
The
comfortable,as
nor
Mission
still remaining,
century.
a
of
has
erected
is,
pretentious,
gracefuland
classical
92
ATLANTIC
THE
architecture.
Hall
City
new
the
Neither
far
are
Treasury Building
advanced
enough
nor
the
decide
to
their merits.
CHURCHES
THE
not,
are
as
them
among
but there
of
Dr.
all
church
is almost
the
in
which
the
his
which
the
has
better, but
harmonious
look
of
in the
The
century,"and
Calvary
The
pleasing and
a
of the
designsand
well
is
designed,and
lighterGothic
taste,as
the
Episcopal
;
King
in its interior
the cultivated
of
opera-house.
an
Starr
'^
blending
adjustments
societystill worship,has
"
ones,
proportions;
its appearance
lamented
front,
shows
in
ugly
new
of harmonious
gables, windows, doors, "c.
of
church
fair in their
lack
a
and
used,
Several
all creditable.
Stone's,are
is in them
materials
lines
in
class,at
a
the
as
teenth
seven-
ments
arrange-
wisdom,
of its architect.
Just
outside the
the street
from
shade
of
holds
the cherished
gave
in
of her
the
infused
now
a
dust
she
name
of
in
is the
sent
little
fence,and
iron
of Starr
King.
beneath
the
New
England
"eloquent divine,"
the
Pacific ; and
teachings into
honor,and
yard, separated
sarcophagus which
this
need, to
life and
own
speak his
an
cypress,
when
trying hours
his
by
Monterey
best
the
church, within
revere
a
who
peoplewho
his
memory.
TO
Was
a
this
from
separated
from
forgotten
her
recorded
King,
noble
who
In
and
my
of
something
so
I
next
the
repress
a
tear
in
of
the
land
noble
will
schools,
of
the
visits
as
cannot
was
he
England,
a
tell
and,
Chinese.
son
of
the
before
gardens
I
leave
such
had
grave
nearly
his
and
his
legacy
the
long
done,
life
his
no
so
This
perpetual
a
holding
be-
received
she
?
of
memory
remain
New
of
son
"
mother
into
been
that
band,
The
ended.
utterances
every
the
of
rest
nourishing
"
seemed
mission
him
the
had
in
loss
"
well.
so
ripen
flag
who
sister,
far-off
old
"
her
for
principles
the
loved
they
repaid
her
that
fruition,
glorious
harm
and
influence
her
whom
amply
England
New
not
him
of
children
their
telling
93
PACIFIC.
THE
;
of
and
the
remembrance
of
of
the
Pilgrims.
their
and
San
flowers,
Francisco,
XIV.
CHAPTEE
of
Gardens
The
Schools.
Horse-Cars.
round
riding
amazed
with
tliem.
Hedges
trained
against
or
in
the
the
is
in
is
gardens
varieties
the
we
rival
of
cedars,
the
from
palm
and
all
the
many
its
the
;
;
the
growing
in
foliage
fast,
so
fig
but
delicately-
feathery
grows
all
England.
with
evergreens,
trees,
New
streets
which
the
without
doors
the
its
;
pelargoniums,
in
with
;
diameter
of
out
along
sequoia
choice
other
windows,
witnessed
Australia,
and
the
roses,
pej)per-tree,
the
fuchsias
in
tea
in
grow
geranium;
above
growing
cypress,
size
;
94
;
never
the
;
in
fish
is
one
which
plants
inches
shade-trees
saw
leaves
to
bloom
sight
of
eucalyptus,
said
full
a
lack
fashioned
the
is
the
four
stem
pinks,
"
a
tre.
Thea-
Their
"
Francisco,
liouse, reaching
with
choicest
protection,
There
the
the
and
with
San
of
city
gardens,
made
century-plant
and
the
the
tree,
a
cy.
Curren-
and
Life.
The
"
Religion.
"
In
Banks
"
Their
"
Trees.
and
Plants
Interests.
Chinese.
The
"
"
Their
The
"
Manufacturing
The
"
Francisco.
San
the
and
several
arborvitse,
in
luxuri-
;
96
ATLANTIC
THE
Society. Music
instrumental
;
the schools
the
is
and, in
not
are
city,whose
the
the schools
to
ours
full of interest
is in the
kind.
any
the union
Chinese
The
of the
and
produce
"
Mission
Some
blanket
few
labor ;
"
is made
itself
and
Woollen
Pacific with
to
being
"
is
now
to
so
from
near,
supplywhat
click
puff of
the
of
keep
so
Mills
are
this company,
their
and
our
carried
which
since the railroad
full of
workshops are
are
and which
life,
being fashioned
which
exchange
cattle.
and
in
loom,
lacking,which
useful
grains and
:
completed
of the
hum
steam-engine,all
States will need
Chinese
done
was
products,both
curiously-formed
other
over.
cityought to producewithin
machinery,the
so
to
the
world
is
ning.
run-
forced
with
on
these, but little
the
using
machinery
the
of
by
now,
limited,they are
are
ISTew-Englandcities
that within
visits to
manufacturing
justlycelebrated
shoe-factories
The
the
make
Mission
but, aside
Chicago
"
very
of fabrics,among
great variet}''
a
cing
advan-
instruction.
little
citybut
market
Our
to
INTERESTS.
labor, enabled
The
creditable
they are
popular education.
of
mean
branches,
fosteringand
in
MANUFACTURING
There
solid
more
but
:
wise
peopleare
were
prominence,we
of the
some
up
interests
mucli
given too
and
the
tell
most
ornamental,
for the
er's
farm-
TO
BANKS
THE
As
to
is well
and
us
paper
when
AND
to
now
That
very
and
they
has
are
at last
has
recently been
lieu of
pieceof
for
national
a
one-half
used, after
A
quarter
dollar
a
was
dollar
a
of
a
four- bit
"
departed, and
remains,
a
thing
any
for
they would
bit
"
"
being a
bit
what
"
is
'"
piece,""c.
the
ten
you
the
the
people.
say,
A
dime.
stamped
is demanded
silver fives.
the
taking
as
a
person
piece,"a
that
mean
is,that
short
The
"long
you
No
bit ; "
tenders
and
should
nickels
are
has
practice
buy
payment,
would
the
a
"
dime
is avoided
try
half-
If you
in
quarter
bit."
coin
as
change, which
man,
of
"
a
this
well
as
who
The
earlycustom
two-bit
a
which
ninepence (twelve
Now
in
chants
mer-
called
hand
cents
and
always
nomenclature
bit,"and
"
a
equallylo?igand
few
was
than
issues,in
is experienced.
great difficulty
they return
as
whose
and
use
gold bank,
old
an
cents),which
for
a
note,
paper
the bankers
established,and
money
a
convenient
more
seems
only gold
learning that
using gold-dust ceased, was
and
used
day
it
as
refused
j^eople,
eagerlysought for by
coin,are
smallest
to this
acknowledged by
demand
in the
of her
many
now
duly honored, is
coin, is
CUBRENCT.
known, California,unwisely
currency,
silver.
97
PACIFIC.
THE
to
seen,
pay
and
leading bankers, I think,
are
be,
short
for
:
a
so
about
very
now
98
ATLANTIC
THE
our
common
currency
eliminated
I discover
two
the
as
first,
gold and
used
to effect
influential
South
;
tone
to
all
California
an
immense
Kalston
there
and, although
so
was
paper.
course:
to
was
a
of this
ficult
difmust
large and
the
to
majorityof
a
minority
a
gave
Bank
The
measures.
gold
a
favorable
always
was
and
politicalacts
the
it
there
were
influence
our
ago
have
and, secondly,it
;
who
minority
loyal people,still the
in
currency,
change
a
would
accustomed
been
paper
adopted
had, long
determined
said,although I regret it,that
very
State
greenbacks
which
peoplehad always
matter
have
to
general confidence
the
reasons
having
coin, never
be
by
better
this
and, if
;
the difference between
been
been
have
it would
satisfied that
of
and wields
leading financial institution,
is the
and
influence,
ably, tliat
is
it has
by
presidedover
confidence
the
Mills
and
of the entire
financial world.
HORSE-CAES.
The
of
manner
"
And
.
The
cars
four-horse
are
For
.
are
ai'e
are
cityin
the cars,
"
dark,
vain,
peculiar."
of all sorts
cars, and
that
ways
for tricks that
.
the
getting around
down
and
to
a
sizes,
"
one-horse
two-norse
car
j and
cars,
the
TO
pricesfor ridingin
three cents
from
change, you
a
in
The
ride.
"
few
a
be
ticket
of any
to such
genus
And
institutions
you
have
The
company.
is
"
the
How
that it is in
words
the
Pacific,the
upon
car-
people
I
submit
suppose
the
a
same
Boston.
say
that
of
seven-cent
a
tell ; but
"
been
printing,
substantiallyof
few
on
have
for
change;
generallyex-
not
takes
line
cannot
one
do
no
dime
a
collection
a
roads
other
company
a
now
is, that,after
three-cent
Frisco
"
pay
the
inconvenience
in
they have
varietyin shape, color,and
for
horse-railroad
As
tickets,or
days, you
surpassed.
but
vary, like the cars,
cents.
seven
forced to take
tickets,which,
cannot
to
consequence
"
Frisco
these conveyances
up
are
99
PACIFIC.
THE
greatest of all the
CHINESE.
If
learn
their
ever
of
this
"native
the
preserve
many
there
white
a
curious
study which
it is to
people,who, transplanted
trying in
heath," are
customs
repaid one,
of
their
this
from
foreign land
country.
Meeting
to
with
difficulties,
suffering much, working hard, they
still succeed
their
was
own
in
maintaining
theatre,and
in
not
their
at
own
all
Josh
mixing
House,
with
the
race.
There
are, at
present, risingtwelve
thousand
in the
100
ATLANTIC
THE
although there
for
city;
demand
the
labor
the
country keeps
They
Street,and
Sacramento
around
in the section
the
in
figures stated.
nearly the
very
average
their
for
still
large monthly arrivals,
are
swarm
tered
scat-
are
throughout the city.
For
the
in
and
It is the
arrayed in
"
and
;
and
slippers,
ungracefullegs
goes
"
sends
and
to
Your
dinner
white
as
snow
hat
so
in
a
no
"John,"
is served
the
about
his work
; and
thing else
any
of
his
at
least hide
without
in
John,"
is weeded
large,that,looking down
or
"John,"
a
thick,
bluster,
exquisitelyprepared.
"little
a
garden
your
trousers
dishes
naman
Chi-
a
black
pigtail,
heel
big
by
is
tunic, with
whose
table
your
have
to
cook
your
blue
neat
here
custom
sive,
submis-
ble
exceedinglyvalua-
are
neatly braided, reaching to
cork-soled
a
sober,kind, and
are
places they
chsimheTmaid
as
and
certain
servants.
as
who
part, they
most
as
by another,
it,you
upon
bamboo
save
tunic
see
braided
into
peculiarshape.
The
and
Chinese
in this
signs
they
will
Lee,
come
monopolized the laundry business
excel.
little doors
over
printed High
Quon
have
Hi
You
in little
Lung, washing
Boo,
for your
or
Le
linen,and
nicelyprepared,and
at very
around
see
buildings,
upon
and
Chung,
return
low
the
city little
which
ironing; Hup
either
it in
prices.
one
a
;
is
Lee,
of whom
short
time
TO
Chinese
for
so
them
majorityof
and
doing; but,
aside
faithful at their
are
addicted
are
that I
fair game
It is
knew
ever
of
these
of
of
centre
this:
A
this, a large
work,
learn,
to
easy
practisedfor
the
seldom
now
an
even
number
in
crowd
now
wagers
as
or
against him.
If any
the
advance
must
little board
a
upon
the
lays down
When
checks.
stick
placesthem
experienced eye
away,
9*
in
of
will
tiaos
the
bank,
back
by
one
the
banker
the
banker
money
in
the
laid
being
The
squares.
one
the
of
one
as
odd
an
the
tomers
cus-
banker
settles up
done, the umpire, with
the checks
from
for
ivory
the
pile,
large pile.
The
Chinaman, long before they
detect whether
the
a
the
his
; while
money
:
nearer
either
Some
the
centre
from
are
party loses,he
are
pose.
pur-
umpire sits
bets,then
one
off into
a
the
money
amount;
all
slowly draws
all drawn
other
If
this
large heap
laid away
heap.
much
marked
coin.
the
there
that
"
of
representatives
use
in
something
the
same
a
left of
the
wagers
fiftycents,
over
him
hole
a
and
up,
Upon
table.
only
grave-looking Chinaman
long table, before
a
is taken
banker, who
the
and
to be
checJcs,or chips,round, w4tli
handful
his
from
giving
but theirs is the
gambling;
to
simply
sits at the head
"
notice, or without
exceedinglyneat.
They
of
quitwithout
servants
reason
any
101
PACIFIC.
THE
number
are
is odd
102
or
and
even,
The
house
"
Chinaman
checks," w^as
to
of
to read
by
far fairer
that
great
It is
I
ready
Bret
tell others
"how
"
their
I made
native
the
tongue,
whose
done."
was
:
to
from
home
all of
them
count, and
acquaintance of
and
frugally;rice
food,with chickens,of which
"
goes
they
for
his
in
many
of
ture,
cul-
friendshipI prize.
live very
fond, when
from
pass
come
simpleEnglish words
at
Harte's
tricks
to
it
den
formed
rightlyin-
all his
about
than
Morrissey,
am
there."
been
the
the Chinaman
but
gentlemen, not only of intelligence,
They
bit
of
privileges
gamble, the plan of
and
intelligent,
in
accounts.
and
"
have
willingto
knowledge
Chinese
the
for
evidentlylearned
are
keep
chief
who
of them
how
advantage, save
no
by ex-Congressman
Californian,who,
Many
have
practisedin
run
causes
manner.
if
gambling-saloon,
those
had
old
know
and
other
any
a
charged
adopted and
by
with
to
This
lost.
or
animated
seem
is
won
highly recommended.
modes
some
has
and, if people must
;
at
he
most
would
Saratogaowned
or
a
which
fee
is
the
in
banker
small
a
whether
so
generaltalk
a
ATLANTIC
THE
a
get them
can
hit
of
pork forming their
the}^are
;
chicken.
and
Tea
often
passionately
their
is their
last
favorite
drink.
We
lunched
one
day
and, for the
at the
first time
fashlonahle Chinese
in
our
knew
life,
taurant,
res-
what
a
104
Their
Joss-houses
good, the
the
the
dishes
of food
gods
ceilingsof the
sides and
is beaten
These
Adornments
eat.
to
times
at
temples
if he
had
a
The
words
whole
its
that there
good
do
two
are
do bad
not
that it may
not
;
of
in
the
exercise
by keeping him
chiefly
rules of
life,which
have
taught
after
death, if
the
dwell
in peace
and
care
must
be
any
to
evil
good
he
as
writes,he
its terrible
be
the
lest
may
old
way
not
But
they
spirit,
they do
by followingcertain
proper
spiritdoes
This
can
good,
do
evil
the
power.
the
from
good, it
it cannot
fed, and
well
The
the evil.
it is
to appease
believe
They
:
and
as
evil,while
happiness.
taken
continuously,as
religionis simply this,
way;
traditions
them
almost
the
they try
so
door.
soothsayer,who
a
development
"
but
the
near
legend.
spirits,
do harm
cannot
only good :
may
forms
the
cover
great bell,which
a
by
writes
Chinese
the
designs
complete; and,
to
of the
of
stripped of
the
worship, stands
and
office,
great book
the
mutters
for
placed
are
over
all of
and
; and
presided
man
kept burning,
odd
of
rooms
of
are
sits in his little
is
taper
of
images
great prince,"c., before
the
great abundance
in
hideous
pretty princess,the
evil,the
sandal-wood
whom
fete days
upon
their
have
they
heaven,
of
out
cast
attended
are
Here
church.
their
of
ATLANTIC
THE
in
philosophers
live,that
to
come,
they
heaven,
be
cast
shall
constant
out, like
TO
the
whose
man
house
as
their
the
honest,
are
natures
me
to
not
to
to
and
;
injure
opposition
class, but
any
to
with
all, and
do
more
rapidly
increasing
As
soon
the
as
allow
them
When
I
they
it
will
been, saving
the
whole
So
and
my
from
voice
no
is
ruin
is for
an
dealing leniently
they
Chinaman,
with
his
many
or
side
by
are
do
it.
East
fitted
derstand
un-
and
for.
interests
would
praising
faults.
of
they
of
which
it
far
is
to
the
continuing
could
labor,
opposition,
enterprise
and
East,
of
side
advantageous
people
the
kind
hands
their
grape-growing
how
leads
labor, which
of
their
of
the
in
or
the
as
Chinese
weeks
five
in
which,
part
places
the
cease
proud,
other
form
are
places
seen
utter
country
where
the
be
them
of
than
will
such
of
speak
have
laboring-classes
present
take
to
for
their
take
and
The
a
them
any
share
their
them,
to
be
to
Joss-
philosophy
lost.
not
soon
their
them,
gave
of
in
up
deep
a
seems
study
shall
we
into
come
which
close
a
that
hope
Confucius
trait
a
"
set
is
time, they have
of
lapse
always
There
warning.
a
religion, which
with
is
image
105
PACIFIC.
THE
in
fornia,
Calihave
now
perity
pros-
work.
his
virtues,
XV.
CHAPTER
The
Hotels.
Lunches.
Club.
Libraries.
The
"
Art
Home.
and
People
The
"
and
Artists.
the
The
says.
Before
As
of
reputation
thronged
as
general
greater
discount
It
city
can
is
often
than
live
the
formerly
demand,
stated
cheaply
106
the
of
is
hotel
the
used
life
Hotel
the
and,
ness-men
busi-
family
great
a
spread
wide-
the
all
dining-room
city.
;
homes.
;
brings
Lick
the
while
elite
was
tourists
with
is
is
to
not
being
supply
property
cityLick,
pleasant
"
filled
No
at
a
sad
now.
elsewhere
as
"
oifer
cisco,
Fran-
Grand,
houses
large
San
liotels.
the
of
magnificent
the
it
as
just
;
whose
with
tlian
Gov.
what
about
say
Occidental
the
halls
its
boarding-house,
be
made
four
it is
is new,
to
to
Cosmopolitan
Grand
the
have
be
to
The
supplied.
and
I
what
ought
mention
Occidental,
and
Francisco.
San
of
Bohemian
"
closing
is better
Future
Free
"
The
"
Island,
Goat
"
"
Stanford
Pioneers.
The
"
Amusements.
The
"
that
;
but,
at
the
you
with
Hoffman
can
live
cheaper
this
in
I
accommodations,
equal
in
New
York
as
at
ATLANTIC
THE
TO
either of the first-class houses
the
THE
You
meet
whom
We
which
and
a
of their
make
my
cityand
they
going
were
New
England,
to the
the
met,
through
land
the
banks.
children, all talked
of
though twenty
mother
across
the
slow
ox-team.
it
and
to
the
They
that
had
as
a
all
day
of
scenes
Hudson
the
the
weary
and
with
mother, and
passed since
class of
To
some
questioning you
made
to
Pennsylvania,or
father,the
the mountains
are,
their power
flows the noble
home,
Francisco,
rugged
of
country
attest.
dear,
from
they succeeded,
weeks
seven
little ones,
desert,over
well
base
the
San
all in
how
The
years
only the
people of
and
home
which
you
throughout
great farmhouse
the
its villa-crowned
with
a
thought was
back
feel
many
stay in this far-oif citylike
State,did
of
so
at
sojournpleasant:
we
is
quite
But
prolonged stay
a
whom
even
to
adjoiningStates.
proud
let
before,that
excursions
upon
indeed,
men,
foreignland, making
to start
the Hoifman
PEOPLE.
known
expected
stranger in
and
:
hotels.
Eastern
many
have
you
home.
so
107
PACIFIC.
here
of American
plus ultra
ne
THE
closely,
father,
journey
plains,in
people,very
the
pitable
hos-
^
and
stint.
and spend
free,live easily,
Such
a
peopledemand
their money
placesof
out
with-
resort ; and
108
ATLANTIC
THE
they
have
this
in
them
city in
form,
every
gardens,
"
where
saloons,skating-rinlis
theatres,circuses,
place of ice,and
floor takes
the
viands
set before
are
bars
fitted up
are
here
panelsand
with
Street,you
bits
such
whole
da,y,drinks
the same,
where
a
a
dime
society,and
make
In
are
drunken
excessive
East
we
and
use
as
this
drink
It
profitsand
the
price is always
other
are
places
orate.
is less elab-
orderlymanner,
Let
seen.
one
and
live
peculiardevelopment
opinion,that
intemperate use
open
for two
dinner.
the lunch
is to be
he is forced to the
its sale and
the
observe
wine
make
the
There
where
man
California
near
proprietors.During
in the most
on
free
yet they succeed,and
dispensed;but
are
carried
here, and
stop the
;
for their
is charged,and
noisy or
while
could
man
cents.
twent^^'-five
"
All
a
a
establishment
an
fortunes
making
that
silver.
hours,
elaborate
an
artistic
most
certain
by purchasing a glass of
can,
costly
of pure
and
places on
some
free ; and
costlyplate,and
bar
bars, during
contradiction
a
on
carry
not
in
of
of the
(twenty-five
cents),obtain
seemed
are
all the
and
lunches;
choice
and
into the
mirrors
appurtenances
at
are
elaborate
most
worked
mouldings,with
all the
There
the
in
and
perfectly
open
choice woods
with
manner,
where
restaurants
you.
Liquor-drinkingis
the
polished
a
as
behind
of
one
way
liquor is
in
to
to
possible.
curtains
and
screens;
TO
here
in
with
velvet-cushioned
a
THE
carpetedwith
room
and
few
sojournhere,only a
These
seen.
but
liquor,
that
doors.
During
intoxicated
persons
lessons
some
to
evil which
an
is
by
street
whole
my
have
the
favor
been
of
use
that
be drawn
may
furnished
to the
open
stated,not
are
suppressionof
the
in
facts
Brussels, and
chairs,and
plate-glasswindows
109
PACIFIC.
will aid
cursing the
so
country.
cityis
The
too
to have
young
libraries,
picture-
many
museums.
or
galleries,
The
both
are
creditable,and,
they distribute
ornament
a
to
fine
THE
PIONEERS
of all those
day
freedom
the
be
room.
first
Mechanics
among
frescoed
societycomposed
the
the
libraries to
some
priorto
the
in
books
their
they believe
that
is
Library and
Mercantile
of
Institute
with
members,
for
for use, not
who
landed
by
them
on
January, 1850.
Montgomery
preservedthe trophiesof
the
rooms
deeds
old
are
are
the
"bear-flags" adorn
It
nightly gathered
so
closelyconnected
10
Street.
of
the
and
those
with
whose
the
mere
a
has
a
ing
build-
Here
earlydays
walls;
show
in California
hall,offices,
reading-rooms,
library,"c., in
owned
which
are
California;
in
these
names
founding
and
and
110
ATLANTIC
THE
visit the
K.
W.
through
Van
meet
the very
men
of whom
own
lips of
the
struggles
in
their kindness
giving
entire
and
comfort
much
happiness of
hours
these
cosey
glide away
and
the
upon
Here
who
from
is
we
met
M.
out
fitting
him-
as
all
Wreathed
"
Such
during
the
Hebe
all
and
of their elegantly-fur
complete
visit.
my
city;
Here
the
every
evening, are
parlors genialspirits
; and
faces of
rounded
sur-
Coast.
to
that
pleasantly,
so
their
desperadoesand
freedom
the
me
afternoon,after business,and
gathered in
from
still harder
those
literati of the
added
room
there
CLUB
of the artists and
composed
read,hear
Pacific
the
to
and
hardships which
and
BOHEMIAN
THE
is
had
treat
rare
Alen, Esq.,
we
infested
long
so
a
we
hospitalities
freed the country of the
which
struggles
ruffians who
us
State,and
of the
birth
the
to
was
society,whose
of this
rooms
received
It
the State.
earlyhistoryof
cares
are
the
gotten,
for-
hang
smiles,
brings."
Pavy, the distinguished
Frenchman,
an
expedition to
gathered some
facts
upon
the
north
his
pole,and
proceeding in
112
a
"
of the
View
and
the
among
in
is truthful
the
Dead
a
deep
the
on
of the
caverns
the
brown
This
than
the
the
when
rocks
us,
effect of his fish
in
which
in
the
placeof
fine tables
is gone.
Loomis
which, though
in
or
from
grass:
and
them.
"
one,
A
the
by
fish
details,
animals
with
to
upon
attract
tion
elabora-
too much
looks
never
upon
the
of its character
walls
much
better
lying
it reaches
time
the
several
pictures,he
water, and
the
A
and
his
most
draperies,
placed
it failed
by
game
rocks
landscape effect.
of
most
A
and
cliffs,
the
paints his
"
here, gave
drawing
fails in
in
surroundings.
first drawn
or
the
picture
salmon, and
exquisitely-painted
still-life pieces. Por
spoilsthe
as
great
surrounds
located
now
artist
but
truthfulness,
two
sent
of the
alway
but
The
shore.
look
Prairie,"was,
capitalpicture.
Brooks
of
"
the
see
you
pleasing pictures,of
the greatest
canvas,
dashing againstthe cragged
showing
very
Mule
upon
present here, sends
dreamy atmosphere which
two
pleasing"bits
put
which
Lobos,'Mn
Kidd, formerly of Albany,
us
"
Hood
Mt.
browsing and feedingupon
is for the
of the Pacific
waves
''
and
quietlake.
Point
from
well
so
can
Hill,who
Thomas
His
full of those
of deer
herd
this,the
margin
he
which
Hood"
Mt.
in the Yosemite.
grand picture,and
painting
in
"
Eocks
Catliedral
is
"
city, is represented by
the
from
"
ATLANTIC
THE
a
landscape,
attention,still
was
choice
as
coloringas
this artist in
pictureby
drawings,gave
not, Mr.
the
has
Loomis
Miller
poet
but
; and
said
pictures,
without
with
to be
the
called
good ;
art
the
by
and
we
Island
Company.
I had
took
an
who
scheme,"
Mission
we
from
the
should
10*
a
few
the
Tojettisent
would
stamp,
collection
The
room
the
lady-members ;
very
master-
of
ture,
piecesof sculp-
attractions.
known
it is
to
the
take
was
singing
enjoyabletime.
this
of the
something
city,caused
termed, and
Central
any
the
matter.
by
great
"
The
question
Pacific Pailroad
second
thing at
personallywith
discuss
their
of
some
ISLAND.
(itbeing almost
alike state
Congress
than
interview
to
as
Bay
Kather
occasion
understand
have
in
of old
which
has stirred this
which
excitement
ceding
you
drawing
number
passed a
GOAT
Undoubtedly
mistake
we
several ; while
large
a
chief
pencil-
some
If
A
presented a portraitof
but
originals,
decorated
tastefully
of
the
Pioche,togetherwith
formed
Goat
place,and
and
hesitation,as copies,
the late Mr.
was
Irwin
Champion
These,
one.
exhibited.
satisfaction.
charge of
public schools.
of those
any
another
much
us
113
PACIFIC.
THE
TO
Gov.
hand
and
St"anford,
The
impossibleto
find
I
city,as
any
two
feel alarmed,that,if
grievances),
grant the railroad company
even
the
114
down, and
city,as
a
San
of
lowered
York
within
only
but
ma?/
bodies
such
in this case, if there
people had
better
The
in out
acres
the
to
gave
to
;
and
the
not
company
Bay
the
this tract
alleys.
As
pass
an
worded,
it
a
a
mittee
com-
secretary:
for
good ;
the
this
and
filled
sixty
the
they
this
been
board
those streets
indefinite
rather
of
be
had
asked
mittee.
com-
city
some
avenues
this cover,
a
The
to
of
giving them
perpetualgrant
:
bay
extent
and
was
such
to
is this
compan}^
order
peoplethink,that,under
to obtain
of
streets
platted. The
to
supervisors
future
matter
land
any
grounds for danger, the
their
trust
to
have
and
impotent
to
deep-water-front,
and
sensitive
more
real
any
Mission
through
surveyed
of
a
are
their
sion
feelingof depres-
chairman
generallyare
find
now
injure their city. They
hundred, with
one
bringing 'New
markets,
people the
city,and
buyers,instead
The
here.
Francisco
San
the
makes
thing which
of
of
completion
the
of
business
great metropolis. This
the
to
way
to
The
of real estate, by
days
seven
lessen
tendency to
a
city.
injuredthe
the value
being forced
having
make
would
steamers
commercial
a
as
railroad has
hence
of
"
Francisco
the
all
there,
terminus
their
China
the
transshipped;that
railroad would
the
freightsover
all the
at its wharves
this,be built there,and
rival to
a
immediately levelled
be
Island, it would
Goat
of
use
be
ATLANTIC
THE
are
bay
and
; and
oring
endeavIndia
and
the
basins,freed from
China
side
city's
which
of
been
not
the
in
to
"The
to
our
arisen
at Kavenswood
the
the
on
Island,that
erect
storehouses
here
ferry,as
we
do
eighths of
the
"
a
city,
"
should
is
a
mile
from
this
the
on
tagonist
an-
reach
can
reason,
Mission
be
rock
in
the
lators
specu-
;
dred
hun-
a
want
we
edges,and
mile
a
us
Bay.
obliged to
From
use
a
Point.
barren
shore,and
time.
being
bring
to Oakland
Oakland
Pass
be
Sacramento
It
eighty feet high, situated
the
from
thereon.
now
Island
we
its outer
in the
bill
apparent
level down
business,we
our
"Goat
from
road
will
The
government
may
we
business
our
to
new
For
has
Saucelito
~By a
Livermore
who
the land
the
eighty-sevenmiles
ness
bitter-
at any
made
for
Island
; the
is
miles.
thirty-seven
Goat
nearer
Goat
side,and
one
through
now
and
that
between
citybetween
in about
road
"
says,
company
more
of the company.
Oakland
b}^one
Stanford
asks
much
and
magnitude
right to repossess themselves
fight has
other ; and
So
conceived
Congress
rented
the
reserve
fight,the
city. Gov.
before
appraised,and
all streets.
hardly be
can
pending
now
this
of
115
PACIFIC.
THE
TO
the
hundred
three
bay
its nearest
about
four
and
miles
pointonly five-
present wharf
from
which
ferry starts.
We
intend
three main
approach the cityof
to
lines,
"
one
from
San
Francisco
by
Humboldt, Oregon, and
all
116
of
west
Sacramento, centering
the
by ferryto
the
a
San
direct
Saucelito,and
of
Sacramento
the
to
and
city by
of
way
and
the
as
now;
Pacific
lines,
San
Jose.
As
the
cityby
the
reach
must
route, and
direct
most
thence
Joaquin, to Oakland
business
general principle,
shortest
at
roads,includingthe Southern
the southern
rail
all east
city;
great valleyof
by
ATLANTIC
THE
the
by
easiest
grades.
"
It is
level
not
follyfor
Goat
to do
have
We
valued
and
at
city is
real
panic,which
and
unnecessary,
faith
is
in
them
oppose
of
wicked
the
San
only
and
Erancisco
so
far
as
other
any
and
those
me,
which
we
understand
and
have
the
the
officers of
pursued."
foolish,
trade
the
I
people :
the
which
company,
I
blame.
see
have
in the
shall
road
of our
self-protection'
motives
ing
aid-
are
will
or
whole
a
who
criminally to
her
has
place
injuriousto
and
dollars,
This
people,is
required,believing,
that,in time, they
right,and
there
never
the
so
city,are
there
roads.
plot;
is
half of
a
our
disturbed
so
of
and
making
excitement,which
prospects
have
of
Francisco.
improvements
millions
terminus
has
and
to
It would
San
is in
terminus;
our
intention
places the
and
four
intend
we
city there.
a
estate
that
say
business
our
than
more
any
this
it :
to
build
alreadyreal
this
been
people
Island, and
us
pay
the
the
ated
actu-
course
TO
Thus
THE
effect
not
been
than
depreciated,and
send
and
energy,
better
mines, will
treasure
the
;
;
nuts
ships from
;
port ;
her
and
the
thus
now,
of
with
our
of the
and
have
to
San
stagnated,
of
manner
yield
to
will
a
must
steamers
must
;
working
their
up
add
its varied
city,to
Francisco
to
on
yieldof wheat
interest
this
destined,
march
its
to
fruits and
find here
doubt, Australia
the
western
is
heartene
dis-
great valleyswill
Japan
no
to
many
The
contribute
treasure
"
Francisco
mountains
China
it is that
the mistress
And
the
continent
have
business
their unmeasured
will
I
soon,
mails
across
and
and
south
is
growth, to
wine-growing
wealth
the
San
knowledge
force
of
people
continent
their
in
importance.
storehouses
to her
the
of
all business
that
steadier
national
grander
the
but
slower
a
in
before,business-property
sadly
still I believe
by
suffer
must
enterprises.
the
across
people
a
cityand
CITY.
dreams
realized,although
less valuable
lands
the
railroad
the
of
THE
OF
that
people
all business
FUTURE
I find
Although
the
it lasts the
trade and
stagnationof
both
injuriousto
so
quarrel,
while
; and
company
the
the
rests
117
PACIFIC.
THE
a
will send
be
transported
at
New
ever
York
remain
ocean,"
thanks
to all my
friends
in
the
:
118
"
City
leave
ATLANTIC
THE
the
at
of
San
words
her
Thou
sittest
Upon
thy
Still
Thou
of
white
of
winds
drawest
thee,
the
beside
and
all
the
her
:
"
Gate.
of
seas
won
the
peace
Western
their
tents,
!
that
sullen
things,
sun.
strike
continents
two
scornful
angry
lately
flies
skies,
small
or
Gate."
take
must
Fate,
banners
the
warder
And,
Thy
the
so
to
Harte
Western
the
heights
seest
Bret
of
at
slant
Thou
0
addressing
poet,
own
I
attentions,
by
indifferent
Serene,
To
their
for
Prancisco
of
"
"
Bay
PACIFIC.
THE
TO
great,
these
my
tiful
beau-
120
tensive
machine
and
storehouses,a
Vallejohave
make
safe
is of
the
The
and
only
a
all its natural
poor
it
ISTear the
California
cityis
State, some
ones,
and
looks very
with
Sacramento, but
gone,
as
is said ; but
fi'eezingout
unwillingto
*
from
This
route
Sacramento
of
it is to
is
doubt
no
its
be
great city.
a
praise; for,with
and
the
the fact
old
a
ment
govern-
dead.
railroad
unused,
now
pretty
soldiers ; but
asleep,almost
a
landing,
It
called the
formerly connected
of
some
of the
of
been
old.
fine harbor
a
the terminus
Pacific,which
the
from
much
now
the "Alabama."
the
to be
seems
could
in
speak
advantages
"Kearsarge,"
plank has
fightwith
fimcy that
cannot
patronage,
facing
all the fleet of
every
only kept alive by the trade
place we
and
wharves, which
lies the old
little awaj^
steam-elevator
a
river
rottingtimbers
that terrible
by
people still cherish
is
Here
cityof Yallejolies
this
the
and
docks
battle,but whose
good buildings,
many
Of
In
men.
houses
bor
largestvessels;while the har-
if necessary.
the
the
and
powder,
size sufficient to accommodate
a
famous
has
the
crumbling frame
made
for
built fine
landingsfor
ill stand
workshops, a hospital,
great
officers and
been
country
whose
other
magazine
for the
quarters
is
ATLANTIC
THE
this
city
bridge being
is,the
stockholders
"
Central
who
"
are
sell out.*
is
now
to San
in
order, and
Francisco.
is
by
far the
pleasantest way
of going
TO
The
road,by
great plains which
ranges
of this
bay, and
take
The
E-iver.
the
This
State.
and
is
the
is
a
of,and
of
of the
agreeable:
modified
from
run
the
the
road
than
river,is
two
A
in
cold winds
cityare
drunk
collected
by
from
all.
11
Napa
ranches
most
well
parts
balmy
in, the
well
of
No
we
are
heart of
very
people,lies upon
laid
out, contains
city.
of
San
The
spring,and
is
and
About
small-
are
send
little
here
five miles
they dip up
a
one
is very
climate
Francisco
breezes.
fountains,no
and
dailypapers,
where
soda-springs,
the
But
crops.
water, put it into bottles,
surcharge it
gas
follows
little steamer
to the
up
into soft and
the
course.
four thousand
some
flourishing towns.
sized schooners
from
CITY.
banks, has
stores,two
many
three,
start
the
pleasing,
will be
soon
of
town
bank
west
the
of
one
which
"
yieldingimmense
NAPA
This
eastern
mountain-
valleyis productivein wheat, barley,
grapes,
in view
now
City
buildingsbetter
the
the
generalnorth-west
a
N'apa Valley,
fertile of those
between
Napa,
country around
formed, and
corn,
and
Vallejoto Napa
From
and
State,this being the
Sonoma, Petaluma,
the
lie
the
up
beautiful
most
many
"
121
PACIFIC.
branch, runs
one
of the
through one
THE
more
it away
sulphuricacid,no
sodawith
to
be
lime-
122
ATLANTIC
THE
and
stone
garden
the
In
finer roses, and
than
picotee),
Here
ever
we
variety,and
endless
almost
a
fine
Sequoia,as
well
All that is needed
trees.
of
handsomest
growing
the
them
conifers,among
gardens
The
grasses.
is
of
roses
the
worms,
and
giving,I
and
from
derson's
Hen-
collection of
as
ciduous
de-
many
this
one
of
lawn
good
a
air.
open
equalto
of
fresh-
the best I have
and
all insects
told, blossoms
am
saw
verbenas, and
make
to
are
ISTapa
foliageentirelyfree
found,
of
in size
has
He
choicest blooms.
we
the
in
growing
saw
the
the
around
Goodman
George
all the tea-roses,great beds
were
pinks in
the
shown
pinks (both carnation
far finer
by
facture
manu-
of
By politeness
were
of Mr.
to
where
laboratory,
own
delicious drink."
Goodman, bankers, we
Messrs.
city.
"
this
she makes
her
has
soda ; for Nature
needed
here
machinery,are
intricate
month
every
in the year.
Among
which
the
leadingcitizens
nestles
her
with
earlyleft
wealth
the
of
blossoms, is
of
town
it.
A
long
residence
his old Bhode-Island
containing more
than
many.
any
we
of
Smith
Mr.
Brown,
seek
Burrillville,
R.I.,to
in California ; and
glad that
were
we
away
notions
the
is brilliant
and
locust-trees,
her
among
pleasantlittle city,
of this
old
visited in all
has
not
; and
we
his
he had
weaned
found
New-England
California;and
who
tune
for-
found
him
from
his
house
"comforts"
they
were
TO
if
But,
delay longer at Napa,
we
train which
starts
than
interesting
begin ;
and
hundred
we
along
plantedout
settingfruit.
of
the line ; and
embowered
this
valleyis
have
their
many
the
famed.
summer
the
of
Many
fine
places,that
in its
prevailedin
and
by
the
department.
but
caterpillar,
As
uncommon.
that
which
bound
it
us
this is the best
is the secret
The
crops
rich
of
we
on
told that
either side.
All
farming-sectionthat
wealth
to become
of the
continue
a
some
badly strippedof
were
it
wine
quite
so
ceptibly,
per-
hills
things considered,
I
have
people who
to
their
was
the
between
perior
su-
which
noticed,that,in
walk
wheat, barley,and
forcingNapa
I
the
be
to
north, the valleynarrows
an
will
mate
citycli-
Among
seemed
easy
seems
of the
farms
go
tected
pro-
the great neatness
were
places,the apple-orchards
leaves
are
the
summer.
"
Friscans
they
make
of Woodward's
appointments
every
"
which
scape,
land-
for which
wealth}^
cold winds
seen
the
trees
here,where
a
are
dot
residences
in
disagreeable,
especially
even
wine-houses
beautiful
even
in all the
now
farmhouses
and
grape-lands
fifty,and
vine,and
Large
extensive
among
against the
so
to the
the
is
town
The
Napa.
to
fields of twenty,
see
acres
luxuriance
that
miss
for St. Helena
first-named
the
to
shall
we
o'clock
eleven
at
ride
Calistoga. The
more
123
PACIFIC.
THE
pour
into
seen,
reside
their
her
which
here.
immense
storehouses,
cityof importance.
124
ATLANTIC
THE
We
at
stop
where
take
we
pretty
a
SULPHUR
WHITE
They
as
drove
we
found
the
thousand
per
day. They
been
a
favorite
a
waters,
warm
Around
the
and
the
for
resort
or
drink
Indians,
the
in
having
;
bathe
in
the
them, health.
gushes
and
of skins
themselves
gallons
1850
water
warm
erected little huts
sweated
to
them, and, with
pools,where
them
the
nine
discharges
forty-fourwine
in
had
we
are
of which
first discovered
were
ground,they
in
and
and,
;
that
There
resorts.
largest one
hundred
six
canon
felt assured
hotel,we
springs,the
beautiful
a
up
California
of
gem
these
of
to the
up
Helena,
SPRINGS.
miles
two
some
are
St.
the
carriagefor
a
called
little town
the
hot
from
barks,
sulphur
vapors.
The
of
waters
of the
these
springs
sulphur springs of Europe
sulphur,carbonate
soda,salt,lime, "c.
and
by
the
From
skin
the
the various
grades
to
; and
diseases
of these
use
of
most
sides
they contain, be-
they found
me
tism
rheuma-
great relief
waters.
trails which
tops
; and
sufferingfrom
surrounding hills
the
than
warmer
lime,magnesia, sulphate of
many
told
are
of
have
fine views
been
cut
mountains, and
are
lead you
had ; and
by
easy
along frowning
TO
precipices.You
little
gulch between
room
to spare,
the
for the
hotel
another
so
that,to get
hill,
retrace
our
of this
hillsides
pretty cottages and sleepinghouses
hotels upon
summer
forbid.
would
The
are
waters
from
office and
the
dining-room,and
several
farther
are
sleeping-rooms.To
(upon which
State,but
erected
stood
which
some
of these various
as
quietlyand
grounds are
neatness
The
any
as
laid out with
is shown
on
each
and
into
the
finest
time
the
three
the
the
as
teau
pla-
in the
been
occupants
the
at
mon
com-
parlor after
in their
they
gulch
the
hotel
common
remain
taste ; and
seven
All
way
drive-
sections,
hotel,on
summer
the
billiardthe
up
their meals
secluded
every
hills,
risingfrom
11*
;
the
across
right
singlecottages.
at
can
the
left of the
or
dining-hall,
gather in
dinner, but
;
the
cottages take
ing
build-
which
unfortunately
burned),have
was
dozen
a
parlor,adjoining
back
divided
buildings,
climate
called,is
common
to
must
they build
inclement
conducted
springare
hall ; the kitchens
for
a
lies
occupied by
neatly-arrangedbath-rooms, into
is the
are
nearlyall
; for here
an
own
desire.
the most
tage
cot-
The
scrupulous
hand.
to
a
is little
retreat,we
are
it is
"hotel,"as
containingthe
which
plan which
a
in
are
ravine, just beyond,
out
The
steps.
we
buildingsoccupy
the
across
that
hills ; that there
towering
that
space;
in mind
bear
must
125
PACIFIC.
THE
eighthundred
feet,are
126
ATLANTIC
THE
the
clothed
wooded, and
well
gulch
little way
a
is
only
region
I
ones
the
in
there
is
the
genius of
mile,
a
"
leaving the
stream
Truckee
through
runs
up
redwood-
seven
in many
tree
since
A
Sierras.
estate, in which
The
found
have
of
grove
a
trees, the only specimens of this
the
; and
exquisiteflowers
in
the
good fishing.
place is
Bremberg, whose
John
Mr.
writer
positionis express-agent, telegraph-operator,
of
the bills of fare,catcher
the
charged with
important duty
attend
To
happy.
kej)tbusy ;
has
a
little child who
some
and
he
and
pack
now
goes ;
here
he rushes
and
wants
old
some
her
up
"Spanish beauty"
kind
word
for
John
to
of
"
doctor ; "
he
days, is
Bremberg
does
is
same
as
he peers
reallylook
all that
with
the
and,
an
is
John
to
off he
goes;
he
has
over
for
goes
to
official duties; and
bring him
or
play,
come
some
walk, and
willingly. He
gained
him
the
title
gold-bowedspectacles,
his
make
in
a
it
now
lady wants
in
these
an
intelligent
gentleman
industrywould
For
is
and
sweats
all.
ivise,which,
required
John
course,
to go
one
every
her
for John
which
medicine-chest,
a
making
help at
protect her against snakes, and
keeps
of
there,he
and
trunk, and
comes
and
everybod}'-,
for
duties,of
all his
to
foams, but always
is
superintendent
butterflies,
baths, general helpmeet
the
of
of
when
another
renown.
M.D.
not
latter
Mr.
whelmed
over-
avocation
128
ATLANTIC
THE
still known
The
Alaska
of
Russians
E-ussian
as
has
town
to
"
"
Saratoga
have
we
each
a
than
"
Springs,"which
is
the West.
of
hotel,and
with
Here,
great
a
poeticalname,
a
central
erected
but
building.
number
have
which
Brannan
as
and
advantages
charms
you
times."
its
with
tried to
grow
a
here,owing
develop
the
with
from
resources
the "olden
Calistogaand
every
lavish
his
But
to the
foot
heat, as
into
well
trees,
the
quarter of
the
as
he
hand
failure; for nothing, the
a
has
conversation,he
In
place beautiful.
than
more
the
fancy of
belongs whatever
been
landscape,
familiarlycalled.
is
State.
globe,have
been
early pioneers,and
to
vines,gathered
extend
the
mar
to-day; and
the
make
tages,
pretty cot-
have
interestingdescriptionsof
alone
phur,
Sul-
circle around
a
springs
he
the
plants,and
which
undoubtedly
of
please the
as
man
the
of
surroundings are
has
one
any
him
To
of
one
done
as
the
to
Branuan,
was
much
built
been
proprietor,Sam
Mr.
Over
the
being
Kevere, Occidental,
as
structures, which
fantastic
wheat, is
at White
as
Adelphi,Delevan, "c., and arranged in
the
their
importance
other
no
raise
Valley.
railroad station for the
the
and
come
to
of
roots
will
ground,
the
mineral
deposits.
Every
read
kind
of, or
of
heard
a
bath
which
of, he
has
Mr.
here
Brannan
ever
reproduced ;
saw,
and
it
would
ills of
numerous
here
come
all
from
People
but
seldom
is in
charge
keep
life,and
for each
of Mr.
pouring
through
each
at least
in these
But
earth
at
tourists,
and
noon,
The
know
to
seems
house
how
much
as
from
within
a
is
to
circuit of
spring the
one
and
'^
in it
as
boiling,and
eighth
an
of
component
parts
of
which,
waters
salt,become
"chicken
a
their wonderful
cold to
in the
and
chicken-soup,
hotels
most
use
days.
the
the road
delightful
;
are
springs reveals
spring different
little pepper
a
; and
whip
to-morrow's
of all
end
mountain-road,
the
figures.
grounds
GREAT
of
86"
these
who
panacea.
genial and
to
waters
are
There
water.
the
of the
the
from
by adding
"
climate
a
the
up
all
course
night
Badlam,
; for here
mile, and
the
at
of
in
days
from
varying
drives
character
of
few
a
counted
prepared his
State, and
50"
from
close examination
a
the
over
he had
hotel.
a
The
number,
spend
to
ranging
warm,
the
that, by
seem,
129
PACIFIC.
THE
TO
and
we
GEYSERS.
this
the
must
known
stage.
all
journey
Great
arrange
over
is
a
Geysers
with
ride
at
the
Foss, that
for
California,
our
over
end
the
of
knight
seat
in
130
MOUNTAIN-RIDE.
THE
We
find that
William
Patterson,is
four-horse
seven
we
the
uninteresting,
"
liabitation in
wild
the sides
of the
So
the
solid
There
its
hills
one-half
down
a
ride
we
upon
every
Mr.
we
are
a
the road
step
a
and
new
Foss
was
Hampshire,
are
new
and
on
does
off upon
wind, and
foot, the
two
difficulties which
pointed
out
interest
is
a
the
and
:
the
over
run
Around
rocky faces
blasted
of
out
singlecarriage.
should
thousand
from
turn
carriage would
three
to
is
country road
begins.
up
for
enough
of the road
a
interest
our
the
through
away
a
track has been
our
precipicefrom
along,the
a
country, with hardly
places,where, if the wheel
course
in
eight,for
miles
broken
strike
rock, just wide
are
driven
fire ; and
on
far,we
and
mountains, where
road ; and
Punctuall}^at
of
first ten
and
sight.
road proper;
of
is
The
mountain
be
Foss.
to
even
which
a
the
to
are
road,Mr.
experienced driver, who
change horses,and
we
We
jolly company
dash.
villagewe
that
,
off,a
mountain
built
to-day over
go
an
ribbons
are
wonderful
to
him.
coach, by
yield the
not
a
engineer who
the
gladlyaccompany
we
ATLANTIC
THE
plunge
As
feet.
the workmen
beset
explained;
excited, new
and
views
at
tained,
ob-
dangers successfully
passed.
born
there
among
imbibed
the
granite hills
his love
for the
of New
moun-
THE
TO
tain-roads.
This
during 1868
and
July 3j 1869
; and
each
they
The
round
is
foot
one
above
and
the
the
in
is
the
the
seem
so
valley is
hills
piled one
with
upon
gorges,
within
seem
ride
reach.
charming
average
hundred
four
as
have
we
grand
the
at
reached
they scud
Magnificent flowers
with
Avith its curious-colored
side rise
tain,
moun-
heads
our
have
ceonothus, in
made
and
colors,
many
and
our
mountain
its curious
wood
of
them; the
over
lupins,the geraniums,
madrona
plain
every
between
see
mountains
succeeds
; mountain
canons
we
us,
the
on
us
the
spectacle as
a
below
far, far
Around
the
feet
feet;
hotel
the
Valley; but
white, as
The
the
at
front
another
hills.
adorns
the
; but
that, at this altitude,the
while
greet
dollars.
feet.
to look
us;
daisies
the manzanita
; the
seventeen
country road, and
stands
ravines, and
clouds, fleecy and
is
ing
dur-
thousand
ten
talking,
sight of.
made
thirty-sixhundred
is
In
near,
lost
in
built
was
continued
road
the
Calistoga is
the great Russian
the line of
of
foot
hundred
stop
been
twenty-two
been
we
end
it
was
stage-trip
of the
which
behold.
can
since
summit
have
we
eye
beyond
the
seventeen
; and
summit
have
one
plateau, upon
While
first
the
eight.
sea;
Geysers, is
The
numbers,
highest grade
projected; and
length
chains, from
miles, two
The
1869.
season.
cost, in
he
one
131
PACIFIC.
bark,
peculiar
132
growth, the
line
ride
this
lies down
hill ; for at
and
upon
start
the
whip;
going
at
is
to welcome
and
As
us,
dust, and
we
were
well-trained
Nash,"
and
how
we
we
and
said to
for
shake
down
the
is
in
some
him, ^'Are
you
no
Susenbeth
the
piazza
of dirt
free
danger.
not
guided by
sometimes
ladies like to ride in this
our
at
we
mountains, with
speed,and
Perfectly safe,sir," said
you
hissingand
the
ourselves
there
at their
of
short,is
that
us
running
team
Susey
us
to
done
genial German,
The
help
assures
do timid
sound
night within
called
falls,
water-
always finding
been
have
ox-
nearing the hotel,where
are
steam.
always
name,
distance,
twists,makes
and
eight miles
; and
the
soon
eight miles
for that
road, but
that
to
The
for the
roaring of
it winds
his
are
dashing brooks, by dancing
come
out.
to rest
cracks
excitement, and
the
quarter-mile,where,
no
has
thirtyminutes
by
their ears,
and
screams,
now
the w^ay
of
rest
they prick up
driver
but
slow;
yawning ravines,always seeming
over
way
are
the
catch
crosses
curves,
the end
some
that
straight,but
is
and
that
refreshingshade.
been
the word
cedars,all
twenty-mile gait. For the whole
down, there
yoke
there
point has
; the
run
horses
a
the road
a
and
to know
seem
oaks, firs,and
of
offer here
to
up
the horses
even
varieties
several
track, and
our
Our
"
ATLANTIC
THE
knight.
"
Corneil
afraid?
manner
"
our
Driven
?
"
"
here
TO
nine
and
years,
hotel
all
safely,
let
over,"
and
And,
right."
us
praise
seek
a
12
Guess
accident.
no
rest
133
PACIFIC.
THE
that
now
the
after
^'
we
which
bridge
such
I'll
a
ride.
are
land
over
has
at
you
the
carried
the
road
us
CHAPTER
The
Great
Geysers.
XVII.
What
"
Discovery.
they
Ride
The
"
THE
Our
dinner
brushed
with
from
appetites
uninviting
walls
were
these
were
them
the
which
of
for
the
table
filed
we
could
ugly
by
several
knew
and,
;
into
no
as
The
and
even
hanging
insurance
he
to
dust
imagine.
whitewashed;
more
we
trim
ride,
you
of
had
we
in
our
as
advertisements
food
was
peculiar
I
around
was
told
"
you,
are
Still
!
the
134
they
"
Susey
same
nationality,
the
at
upon
nies,
compa-
the
since
unore
;
but
is
and
with
of
preparation
abundance
an
concoctions
him
same
attempt
an
There
dishes.
the
by
look
time
were
boards,
to
"
fire.
Our
As
rough
made
some
Chicago
sharpened
of
Their
look.
they
Calistoga.
to
the
by
dining-room
a
back
and
clothes,
our
how
GEYSERS.
ready
was
and
are,
of
all
it; but,
had
splendid
German
a
his
cook
French
;
his
French
oh,
what
names.
people
probably
of
aspirations
in
is
136
divides ; and
to tlie
in
as
a
places are
behind
rises
of the
Hog's
At
about
of
is
o'clock,p.m.,
four
the
the
gorge,
through the
five
of the canon,
feet
whitened
wide,
the
stick,we
which
was
of which
and
The
has
rains
is the Alum
once
and
a
less
bed
Iron, the temperature
around
A
on
we
its sides
find
a
are
the
its
up
some
fountains,
extent, issues
to
each
of mineral
but
The
of
roll
at
a
posits,
de-
the residuum
bleaching under
recurringseasons.
Fahrenheit,and
little farther
the
been
the
ance.
appear-
angle of
an
hundred
steaming geyser,
for years
of the
look
we
mile,at
upon
earth
thirty-
some
guide having given
step
the
ourselves
as
greater or
a
shines
sun
awful
point is
about two
to
and
find
narrows
are
near
a
steam, which
of
at this
a
duct
con-
early morning
grand
a
half
some
steam,
ground.
in
the clouds
which
for
surface
long,stout
suns
from
which
but
where
springs,
from
issues
River, we
degrees.There
forty-five
or
which
giving it
gorge,
Crossing Pluton
bottom
the
heat ; but
the
to take
While
is filled with
canon
and
canon,
springs.
steam
the
dissipatedby
whole
name
euphonious.
started,under
we
guide,to explore the
a
the
Back.
of these wonderful
view
with
of
hills ; while
hills succeed
far away,
sides
the walls
and straightas
precipitous
great mountain
a
whose
hills,
left rise
rightand
building.Looking
in
ATLANTIC
THE
the
first spring
which
incrustations
is 97"
of iron.
spring containingEpsom
TO
137
PACIFIC.
THE
salts,
iron,"c.,
magnesia,sulphur,
Bath.
Geyser
Epsom
which
has
Around
us
and
compound,
We
salts.
Spring,Black
Boiling Black
largestis
which
is about
and
bubble,sometimes
It is said that all
We
next
reach
throws
which
was
up
very
being
water
being
attempts
the
is
liquidwhich
is
thrown
the
a
day
small
good substitute
qualityof being indelible.
end
of your
carry
We
by
away
are
extinct
handkerchief
geysers
into the mineral
; and
often
depositswhich
the
foot where
As
we
obligedsometimes
earth
seems
stone, between
12*
on
which
custom
a
to
fire,and
are
is
feet
our
have
cross
to
a
flows
which
to
has
dip
you
a
the
may
honey-combed
sink
been
is too
il's
Dev-
visit.
of your
ground
The
spring,that
ground which
over
place a
very
It is
into this
we
are
ink,and
times
some-
air,but
which
of
for
the ineffaceable mark
walking
failed.
caiion; the
four feet.
spring, out
the
have
bottom
visited the
or
boil
feet into the air.
two
a
of
of which
Geyser, which
we
only three
a
diameter
fifteen feet in the
boilingwater
thrown
Inkstand
the waters
to find
phur
Sul-
and
Spring, and
Caldron,the
Intermittent
calm
crystallized
unceasingly. By
roars
feet,and
seven
of
Salts
Sulphur,Epsom
the Witches'
Medicated
BoilingAlum
Sulphur, which
far the
beds
see
in order
pass
the
named
heen
we
highly medicated
a
"
ankle-deep
left,
or, again,
hot for comfort.
space
step from
where
stone
the
to
boiling,steaming openings,
138
whicli
from
arise
fumes
snlpliury
it is hard
stifle you,
in the realms
not
The
the
on
raised
in
this
beyond
which
we
have
we
point,the
right.
of the
reached
From
rock
these
down
a
its
length;
those
boiling,
sulphuryfountains
made
We
we
our
way
pass
with
steam
in
; and
up
on
seems
among
the
over
orifices from
around
length,and
a
few
the
hotel
Witches'
"
are
to this
Mountain
of
which
us, within
rods in
a
this
take
the
space
width, we
view
springs
"
Caldron, and
seen
from
above
;
have
could
we
place.
Fire,which
once
:
know
extended
an
impossiblethat
them
we
there
At
safety.
all these
and
Geyser,the
it
gaze,
have
Pulpit,"
up
division,and
the
as
The
or
Just
climb
at
in
spring
space.
"
We
place
even
and,
called
positionswe
Steamboat
sembling
re-
spring,for
the
once
let those
this
makes
canon
canon
the
pistolto
a
steam,
this
larger
the veranda.
from
saw
that
much
a
reach
guide fires
that
over
we
It
the
above
issue
Around
evidences
extended
above
in sound, the blowing
especially
distance,are
springs
are
Geyser.
fifteen feet
to
to
you
placed
Steamboat
apertures
steamboat.
steam
the
its many
look,and
almost
as
sway.
be
can
ten
a
off of
the
(if one
left,and
From
holds
old Pluto
springsis
in
some
where
strong
so
persuade yourselfthat
these
level.
canon
to
wonderful
most
another)of
is
ATLANTIC
THE
poured
of,say,
see
is
fire
one
strata
ered
cov-
and
mile
of sul-
TO
pliur,Epsom salts,alum,
nitre, tartaric
red
used
men
where
the
from
has
of these
use
effected
also
Indian
their
rude
the
Here, in 1869,
natives.
the
bring
to
found
were
find
we
yellowochre, magnesia,
copperas,
cinnebar, ammonia,
little farther on,
139
PACIFIC.
THE
sick
A
Spring,where
the
be
to
healed, and
sweating-hutserected
Edwin
Forrest
The
waters.
found
the
by
great relief
Water
Eye
for weak
cures
many
"c.
acid,
Spring
and
inflamed
eyes.
But
the
great whistlingattracts
a
hasten
guide,we
which
from
iron
made
to screech
At
the
this
the
pipe made
small
like
down
hills ;
the sides
along the
small
a
is carried
with
ture,
aper-
into
boy'swhistle,which
a
perceivethat
distance
surrounding
to
come
and,
a
is thus
fearfully.
point we
some
soon
issuing steam
hotel,although now
and
and
on,
attention ;
our
a
quite
away.
A
and,
after
of the
river to
at
have
we
been
fine view
a
is had
make
rest,we
mountain,
bridge which
above
elevation
an
to
nearing
of the
our
way
Geyser Canon,
spans
it,and
it,
and
this
over
to the hotel.
The
guides
giving the
name
with
Devil's
taste.
the
who
of every
Devil,as,
Punch-Bowl,
I
have
avoided
and
have
us
accompany
spring
Devil's
many
these
names
as
in
a
fashion
some
way
Kitchen,
more
Devil's
in
; and
of
nected
con-
Office,
equally bad
if those
who
140
ATLANTIC
THE
have
control
this
over
surveyed and mapped,
springs,and
much
properties,
them
more
As
as
if he
"Elliott,"he
in his
of
the
to
turning
occasion
springs,the following:
B.
Elliott
Geyser Springs,when
out
these
springs.
show
from
of
a
the
you
desk
a
found
we
old
an
an
under
visit of Elliott
"
the
was
tor
proprie-
upon
will
its pages,
over
the
April, 1847,
"William
the
had, I
handwriting." Taking
own
the
and
name;
house
making
deservedlypopular.
discovered
the
said, "was
hook, and
date
who
me
first the
register,the
old
tell
could
designate
towards
hotel,I asked
the
reached
we
done
be
and
generallyknown
soon
entry
would
canons
principal
would
which
names
the
of the
the location
with
give them
their
have
property would
visitor to
first known
on
a
hear-hunt, and
now
resides at Clear Lake."
Under
this
"
fellow !
Poor
a
friend has
written
killed
was
in
trembling hand,
the Indians
by
at
"
Pyramid
Lake, May, 1860."
Thus
these
is told
the
wonderful
hunter, who
simple story
and
geysers,
modestly
calls
the
of
the
of
death
himself
discoveryof
the
hardy
first known
"the
visitor."
It is not
these
my
province to speculateupon
phenomena
still it is
; to
impossiblenot
scientific
to
men
I
the
leave
philosophizeupon
of
causes
this
the
:
but
sights
TO
which
have
we
that
seen.
they are
the
other
To
first
chemical
than
waters
had
we
in
fail to
hills
; and
chemical
to
be
ten
or
to
force
thus
in the
great boilingcaldron,or
thrown
the
see
supposed could
sometimes
are
latter would
action
we
one
"
action,and
the
attribute
to
advanced,
are
of volcanic
seems
in the
as
141
receive
around, which
greater power
whose
theories
evidences
the
"
Two
volcanoes.
by
mountains
accept
PACIFIC.
produced by purely
require some
and
THE
duced,
pro-
spring
fifteen
even
feet into the air.
for
Keady
the stage starts
at
earlybed, that
an
of the
view
another
and
tea
in
geysers
have
may
before
early morning,
o'clock,we
seven
we
seat
ourselves
upon
the veranda.
Our
for
of the
view
it
although
spr'ng, still
clouds
not
was
saw
we
of steam
and
climb
adieu
the
to
stage
the
to the
the
summit
mountain-breezes
fan
of
our
cheeks
their
fragrance,and, with
among
the
begin
temper the
to remain
door, and
of the
them.
sun
the
could
the
hear
be
must
we
mountain
;
; the
off for
a
and, bidding
journey.
The
cool
great hills and
; the flowers
was
boiling
orifices.
their varied
"Kash"
minutely each
and
our
grand ;
was
filled with
innumerable
we
trees
rays
caiion
sulphury vapor,
is at the
geysers,
morning
to examine
easy
the
hissingand puffingof
But
the
in
gorge
send
tall
forth
blooms, allure
full of
talk,and
us
so
142
had
we
all the stories of the
and
ride
pleasingviews,
the
Pine
to
stages which
which
we
As
soon
have
all
as
down
Mr.
Patterson
Two
reliahle
Cromwell
at such
harnesses
minds
That
nine
persons
be
worth
grand
(one watch
team
in
able
of four
it,seemed
to
say
Away
I
Before
the
should
miles
had
showing
we
been
a
a
have
taken
quite a journey ; besides,it enables
scenery,
developments of
and
witness
nature.
dashed,
Patterson
some
of the
preferred
make
up
our
foot,we
to
change horses.
done
little
horses,drawing
you
not
take
ride,or
impossible. Where
that
the
George
we
have
could
we
where
stable-yard,
eight
hill
road,and that Fosses stages
way,
complete
into the
minutes
a
to
than
more
gave
walking.
whether
too, by
To
been
reined
were
never
in
being,as
watches, while
speed,that had
built the
find
one-eighth miles.
whip and ribbons.
he
time
we
distance
and
the
gentlemen held
that
me
have
county-road,the
break-neck
fearful,
a
down
start
suggestedthat
was
we
and
Calistoga,
ready,we
are
miles
few
a
the town.
to
placed it, eight
held the
assured
to
the
to
back
it
from
up
of
called,where
it is
pany
com-
toilingup-hill
our
quick drive
a
come
things
(two stage-loads)
; and
drive
found
Flat, as
to be taken
are
region; and, with good
we
accomplished; and
soon
brought us
and
ATLANTIC
THE
in
twenty-
and that,
less),
stage with
is
such
you
most
six
Dexter?
a
to
ride is
behold
curious
XVITI.
CHAPTER
Clara
Santa
The
Valley,
Mission.
Buildin";s,
On
tlu^
20(li
The
"
early
an
of
de[)6t
Street
As
city.
soon
farms
side
of
aid
and
in
going
laud,
spur,
Bay
San
A
line.
San
144
County
which
I
pushes
extends
Francisco
at
in
fixing
a
shall
the
from
the
either
will
location
We
along
a
and
Pacific,
a
the
of
now
are
ridge
narrow
similar
jutting
separates
and
the
tile
fer-
California
describe.
south,
of
out
upon
of
the
towards
the
seen
map
mind
INIarket
on
suburbs,
were
direction,
north
to
the
of
the
to
way
rolling
were
out
glance
our
Kailroad,
we
were
south-easterly
which
which
of
in
places
a
o'clock
Mateo
readers
my
we
tho
trip through
a
wended
Vaeiiic
eiglit
as
of
the
towns
of
at
Mines.
VALLEY.
we
Southern
tlie
and
;
CLAKA
breakfast,
for
out
"
vate
Pri-
and
Pnblic
"
Quicksilver
set
wc
Clara.
Santa
and
Alameda.
Ahnaden
SANTA
After
Jose
San
"
New
May
of
of
The
Col!e";e.
The
"
Cities
the
and
which,
the
by
THE
ATLANTIC
TO
formation
tlieir peculiar
have
along the
pass
the
received
bay,
Monte
Diabalo
the
Pacific
so
of meeting,
Golden
Gate."
As
"
of shore
the
wo
east, towards
hills of
from
hide
see
can
the
to
the
west
which,
range,
we
point
of
the
on
of which
thoir nearest
name
stretch
low
have
we
but back
the
at
145
PACIFIC.
THE
the
Sierra
the
ocean,
view
which
huge fog-clouds
delightsto
send
out
directlythrough
from
up
its
placid
bosom.
A
farm
few
miles
of
1). 0.
California:
his
pass
of
Mills, Esq.,pr(!siderit
the
on
we
residence,built
palatial
Henaissance,
French
for
more
ornament,
only
any
plants,even
requireprotection.Near
been
run,
taken
a
between
whole
a
farm
good
r(;ach
us
smacks
that
omen
13
the
short
very
beautiful
a
doors
the milk
that
so
from
directly
in
east
the
to
and
of
barn
of
Mills
the
waters
pots,
his
"siding"
a
be
cars, to
to
wealth
prefersto
bay.
5 and
carry
be
the
venes
inter-
meadow
tin;
has
ported,
trans-
city. Away
of
tensive
ex-
farm-
necessary
great dairy can
the
the
here
in.
situated
which
his
us, but
weeks, during
low, marshy
the
of
styleof
those
are
upon
time, to
fjw
a
other
from
of unbounded
Mr.
for
the track
barns, milk-houses,and
buildings,up
J"ank
formed
by elaborately
it is
as
the
necessitywith
a
are
great rains,that
the
brick,in
surrounded
glass,which
of
houses
of
the
great
stands
foot-hills,
the
just u}"on
right,
the
it
on
The
s(!enis
this
146
ATLANTIC
THE
and, by his
health
the
State.
But
and,
train draws
our
as
and
royal mansion,"
"Kalston's
hopes of seeing that
the
ladies and
had
it
describe
I
the
acquainted
something
be
given
and
grounds,
of the
among
road.
of
I
of whom
I
sumptuousness
in
party
a
one,
hope
est
near-
the
from
seen
:
around
mansion, and
house
the
of the
be
this
to
station
situated
so
the
Belmont
looked
we
it is
cannot
at
fortune
wdth
the
crops,
to
called
was
and
till the
to
come
may
entertainment
an
gentlemen
good
; but
house
that
foot-hills,
When
this
useful
how
station
a
told that
been
had
we
at
cattle
most
plenty
up
of
others
teach
example,
that
people of
the
experiment decide
horses, by
ground,
breed
the
magnificent farm, improve
to
make
you
know
and
privatelife of
a
rich Californian.
We
of
one
Nature's
called
often
and
black
as
3^ou
at
The
oak, stand
them
their
in the
desire
them, but
in
that
State ; "
but
all their
been
would
we
the
order
majesty
hang
far South.
an
within
are
both
great oak-trees,
in
as
we
little
a
valley has
This
branches
through the fields just
would
by making
see
we
of the
"park."
from
see
once
garden
live
plain,and
just
"
it the
the
valleyproper
great parks.
the
rather term
the
; and
eastward
turn
the
enter
now
the
They
the
upon
mosses,
are
tered
scat-
landscape-gardener
which
he
always
fails to
whenever
get
Nature's
anywhere
else
and, although we
do
than
do have
we
the
in
acres
a
see
of
mass
that
acres,
only breaks
being
peach, and
pear,
not
have
we
imitating
at
and
look greener
grasses
that
hand
his
tries
been
fresher
State ;
the
in
great varietyof flowers,
a
ing
yellowblossoming mustard-plant,cover-
one
thousand
the
he
planting. The
147
PACIFIC.
THE
TO
We
gold.
is,with
wheat-fields
see
fence
no
nectarine,of great
and
between,
; orchards
dead-furrows
of
extent
;
of
as
apple,
well
plantationsof English walnut, almond, cherry,and
this
From
valleycome
as
in the State ; and
which
contained
ground
almost
extent,
corn,
tubers, but
the
qualityis
the
droppingsfrom
fields which
One
field upon
green
things.
hay
the last
vines
are
which
good
as
made
in
as
from
went
which
very
yielded
was
said he
drought
villagesthrough
some
sections
the wild
grows
oats
from
planting(theyhaving
the farmer
the
to
the
potato produces large
considered
we
duced
pro-
covering
is,grain which
visited
we
before
crop
not
fig.
strawberry-patch
one
the
the
that
crops,
time ; and
more
The
The
is
grasses),
the
second
and
thrive ;
the volunteer
our
acres,
as
entirely. Oats, barley, and,
and
of
visited
we
sixty
farther to the north.
none
fine strawberries
as
we
nutritious ; and
immense
returns.
being
cut
should
obtain
succeeded
pass
here
in
have
for
the
one
killingall
a
look
of
148
thrift ; and
tlie many
wliicli
seen
''
are
"
the
town
of Santa
As
San
from
is well
called the
which
known,
the
within
now
been
months, and
which
left of the
of
ancient
town
Justice,both
that
was
the
to the
limits
the
near
in
section,of
in
1776,
Francisco.
to make
resolved
mission
the
on
bay
San
of
Santa
at
militarypost,
Clara
ten
some
29tli of November
the
banks
Gaudaloupe : but.
of
the
of
creek,
a
tlers
early set-
overflowed
the floods which
the
to
is
one
built of
In
All
north.
adobe, and
the
which
time
is
of
Charles
California
is
in
now
town
occupied the present
the
that
large storehouse,and
1797
an
had
which
creek,and destroyedtheir property
their town
location,and
this
Jose, which
their
entrance
annoyed by
condition.
dilapidated
All
the
beginning
named
of the
they moved
Halls
a
much
the banks
ride
a
valley,and just fifty
Spanish had
on
accordingly,
they had
were
of the
established
made
that year,
city of San
of the post in 1777
agriculturalsettlement
already
the old
Francisco.
commander
The
heart
Back
and, after
;
here
homes.
housetops of
in view
at the
that
us
their
spiresand
arrive
Presidio,near
is
convince
make
appear
is located in the very
miles
line
love to
Clara
miles,we
grounds and elegant mansions
the
the
railroad,
from
of three
fine
along
wealthy Friscans
its
ATLANTIC
THE
had
a
only
a
now
the
very
changed
site of the
IV.,
so
;
when
city.
all
part, be-
longed
the
to
who
The
with
de
Jose
and
the
1834, there
1846
in
twenty, commanded
and
came
the
to
city.
On
in the
United
of the
beginsits history. It
Sacramento.
than
After
The
most
was
capital
slowly,as
a
the
of the
wealtli,
"
earth
a
San
Spaniard
a
In
only twenty foreigners.
town
'
was
a
is
now
this
valley,
of
day
July,
the
town
this time
from
'50,and
capitalwas
a
1851
and
removed
populationof
Although
to the
a
and
to
about
increasingfaster,
proportionally,
cities.
rich
where
the
loss of the
little town, still it grew
farming section.
to reside
positionwhich
13*
1849
fortune,"came
one
reached
eleventh
hundred
a
possessionof
this the
of
of
party
from
the first capitalof the State ;
blow
severe
the centre
community
de
only twenty
were
States ; and
city has
seekinga pretty town
from
Pueblo
late
took
was
thousand,and
fourteen
subjection.
twenty-four; and, as
the
of
legislatures
held.
'52,were
ernor,
gov-
the
by Fremont,
Fallon
here the
a
1831
another
1846, Capt. Thomas
and
El
there
and
in all the
and
name
in
by
arrived the first party of Americans
and
;
Indians
Scotchman.
Gilroy,a
were
In 1844
ruled
was
1814
In
five hundred
was
population
Missouri
town
new
was
only foreigner
(thatis not
John
Indian)was
as
the
Gaudaloupe.
dwellings;
or
soldierykept the
given to
name
Spain,and
of
crown
149
PACIFIC.
THE
TO
People
in, after they had
here
existed
;
and
soon
"
dug
the
great individual
it stillretains.
150
ATLANTIC
THE
The
streets
well
mostly
broad, laid
are
;
water
rises several
above
feet
The
substitute for windmills.
not
Jose
during
buildings were
of
enterprise
to the
doing credit
is the finest
House
Sacramento)
wooden
School
in about
here,and,
The
are
see
that
or
so,
erected,
Court
The
House
a
well
are
wood,
the
is
in
a
Notre
cupancy
oc-
it is
grand
and
is
Dame
is
ladies,
a
the
largest,
park around
Yankee, by
cared
The
ready for
will have
of
State.
as
the
when
school for young
a
as
of
It is to be
whole
Auzerais
you
The
year
been
the
in
Academy
pleasantlocation,where
will
a
the citizens.
finest,as well
the
year ; and
effect.
celebrity. The
have
Building,built
planted,the
laid out, and
located
a
is the
the year.
tillwithin
seen
the State.
buildingin
imposing
have
we
style,is
Corinthian
San
gives to
publicbuilding (savethe Capitol at
which
ISTormal
State
wells does
California
in
several fine blocks
time
during whicli
these
This
pleasing
a
"
largepart of
a
well,the
artesian
depth of
commonplace
very
suppliedwith
surface,
water
peculiaradvantages,as
great desideratum
the
thirtyfeet.
than
more
average
is well
city
parts,by sinking an
in most
water
as
The
graded.
riglitangles,and
at
out
of
great
good hotel,in
name
a
Churchill,
for, at prices which
moderate.
In
the
Justice,we
old
part
found
of
the
the
old
town,
near
plaza,wliere
the
the
Halls
bull-
of
fights
152
interlace
above
Tradition
tells us,
around
them
work
and
God
of
converted
who
they
K.
Indians.
his
the
Alameda, rendered
the
mission,who
ground
work
the
good they wrought
of
retrace
our
mission
of
remains
this
over
steps
SANTA
The
town
of
is old and
business
the
two
or
even
cities ;
army,
his
to
monks
foot
the
tensive
ex-
of
this
over
Indians.
I
and
led them
to
this
day
To
through
road
but
over
belong honor
; and
them
this
of civilization.
prepared
visit
and
Major
old
for the advance
day,
next
by
the
savages.
famous
done
city,and
to
creed,to them
opened
was
drive
"
news
the
the
on
way
convertingthe
holy
Our
by
tell
that
of
the
which
spirit,
self-sacrificing
the
great section
their
good
their
was
for the
thanks
"
to carry
what
not
historic
wended
was
attention
about
driven
were
said
trees
officer in
whole
Jose
there, and
kindness
the
By
over
San
at
it is also
:
Vernon, formerly an
farm, we
care
to wallc
erected
had
planting the
resigned to give
very
used
monks
Bible
the
and
collecting
of
George
the
that
which
cross
a
grateful shade.
head, offeringa
your
Clara, and gather the Indians
Santa
from
the
ATLANTIC
THE
the
us
city
to
and
CLARA.
without
dilapidated,
thrift.
and
were
A
any
ance
appear-
horse-railroad
it not
for
the
nects
con-
college
TO
and
buildings,
seemingly
old
many
Mexicans
THE
tlie students
be
; and
which
one
only the
in
a
shed
unable
an
house, in
a
and
from
a
old
woman
the
themselves.
still survive
As
inany
race
and
had
the
fallen.
of
Many
saddle,and get their food and
sale of
along
show
a
with
of
pony,
their
great expertness
Having
at the
tired
of
entrance-door
train.
in the
were
ushered
the
pure-blood
which
the
into
from
Even
the
covered
dis-
we
live
men
have
Americans
they always
which
in
the
have
young
the
sional
occa-
eral
sev-
boys
of the lassoo.
looking about
the
town,
we
called
of
SANTA
and
use
"
the old town,
blankets
which
Indian,
the few
degeneracy
of
a
ants
descend-
the native
misfortunes
the
and
rags
was
fireplace,
America, than by
evidences
and
part of the
people are
by
about
and
some
housekeeping;
or
These
roamed
we
found
we
another
hated
more
their rule in
for
in
proud Castilian
and
Spaniards
speak English,and
to
windows
several children.
Spaniardswho
this
and
;
remaining
house, enveloped in
without
room
deplorablerace,
overtaken
old
the
visited
we
implements
adjoiningthe
filth,
lay
woman
rudest
by
would
town
still
are
built
houses,
in
attend,the
There
dirty,ignorantMexicans,
with
who
deserted.
adobe
153
PACIFIC.
into
CLARA
a
COLLE-GE,
neatly-furnished
parlor.
With-
154
waiting long, a priestcalled,whom
out
found
to
whose
untiring efforts
the most
the
be
the
us
around
whole
college;
and
the
with
up
greatest
neatness
where
now
planted by the
shade
the
to
their
willed
"
the
old
long,as
upon
very
the
the
from
across
a
come."
adobe
rude ; and
"brothers"
well
the
to
as
fig
beautiful
olive
and
into
of
their
knew
very
they
prayers,
to
cited
re-
and
those
to
went
but
narrow,
only how
whose
as
garden,we
the
From
dens,
gartrees
under
things temporal
church, built
wall
great hall fitted
walking
words
from
earlybuilders
truss.
the
now
were
thoughts
the life to
through
"
the
themselves
the
into
apparent;
the
We
dining-halls,
early missionaries,and
brothers
"
found.
theatre,as
growing
are
show
as
teaching of specialstudies,
"c. ;
photography,mining,
be
the
and
was
of the
for the
rooms
of
one
in all of which
to
was
dormitories
accessories
now
ready to
was
museums,
and
debatingsociety,
the
the various
the
has
visited the several recitation-rooms,
we
the
laboratory,
into
of the
rooms
he
"
taken
Cichi, through
philosophical
apparatus
said
applianceof learning
"
every
where
collections of
He
the
A.
Prof.
afterwards
we
this institution
country.
the
were
Rev.
learned
extensive
in
of
ATLANTIC
THE
into
very
lay beams
wall,instead of sustainingthe
roof
is,of
course,
the old altar is still there,around
which
The
and
interior of the
their
converts
church
have
often
knelt.
TO
The
old
paintings brought
walls; and
the
ceilingis just as
buildingshave
and
it
stands
within
better
preserved than
such
a
Francisco, which
that
nothing that
Noblii ; and
still rung
is very
not
arranged,that
so
of scholars
is about
found
We
gentleman ;
in
a
privilegesof
the
from
looking
founded
two
Prof.
to him
over
the
than
far
much
old,
Spanish
the
city:
1855, by Rev. John
been
very
is in
the school.
a
San
evening.
denominations,
as
no
The
prosperous,
the
way
average
studies
debarred
number
hundred.
Cichi
and
and
till
Protestant
in
all is
"
to
is much
there
bells
;
he
as
Dolores
while
old,older by
all
one
churcli
three
morning
them
placed
in
arise
for
same
at
been
Mission
its birth it has
since
being patronizedby
are
has
introduced,here
been
The
collegewas
old
sides of the
preserve
This
!
visited ;
new.
mission
but the
the
has
is
are
"
The
to
thoughts
sanctuary
we
is modern
custom
in wood
the
coloringupon
originally. The
was
What
the rain.
out
painting and
incased
been
still adorn
Spain
from
the old tile-roof another
above
keep
the
of
some
155
PACIFIC.
THE
we
not
are
only
scholar,but
a
indebted
for many
grounds
buildings and
a
favors
of
this
mission.
As
within
wooden
left the
we
a
college,
just across
little wooden
crosses, around
the street,enclosed
paling,stands
which
one
the savages
of
used
the
to
old
con-
156
ATLANTIC
THE
gregate, and
which
and
in token
of
the
Jesuits
back
way
had
we
they
their
told
the
kiss.
We
to
Jose, filled with
devotions,
truths
which
wended
our
of what
thoughts
seen.
THE
But, before
ALMADEN
NEW
close,I
I
town, and
the
"
as
of the
tell you
situated
are
known
MINE.
must
mines, which
quicksilver
from
humble
recognitionof
them, used
San
to
their
in
some
famous
miles
seven
Almaden
New
silver
Quick-
Mines."
Although
to
is
go
stage
a
is lined
sycamore-trees which
a
study
We
as
which
soon
for
enter
it narrows,
the
a
should
defile in the Santa
we
come
up
in
stone
front
the
of the
neat
"
the
a
rooms
trunk, and
with
one
of
put
upon
gnarled
them
the
of the
;
of which
you
and,
pany.
com-
tendent,
superindrew
miners, we
long one-story and
is
canvas.
Mountains
residence
cottages of
hotel,
building,into
Cruz
great
the property of the
within
Passing the church, the
and
be
with
the
ground, and
antiquity. Every
mines
magnificent
most
from
far better
the
to
imagined,
thirtyfeet
artist,and
an
road
the
be
upon
tell of
with
can
stretchingaway
restingthemselves
forms
mines, it is
by privatecarriage. The
pleasant,and
branches
the
to
runs
a
pass
half
di-
TO
shops and
of
various
In front of
of the
smelting furnaces
157
PACIFIC.
the sidewalk.
rectlyfrom
and
THE
the cinnebar
offices
together with
company,
buildingsrequired in
from
quicksilver
the
are
iis
the
production
We
ore.
are
in
now
the part of the property called the hacienda.
As
I
title to
who
familiar
was
this
property,knew
who
more
desire to look
and
the
interested
earl}'-
were
many
with
heard
the
the
in
property,about
on
found,that althoughhe
Giving us
always
every
first to
is
read
found
of the
charged;that is,the
stone) is packed
graduallyrecede
14
returned
him
which
are
; and
life far away
be
New
in
we
from
still the
was
to
Randol,
tleman
gen-
York.
for seeingthe property, we
facility
one
the
he
and,
office,
J. B.
mines,
leadinga
was
into
other
from
which
furnaces
strappedwith
openingsalong its sides.
with
the
Soon
It is built of brick
five
in
Mr.
rough miners,he
among
had
we
that
up
mountains.
the
and
friends,
great
a
I had
called at the
informed
was
superintendent,
above
knew
much.
so
inquiry,were
the
felt
which
the
of those
and
company,
therein,I
stock
Passing through the gate,we
upon
decided
personallymany
stillowned
over
which
suit
ore
the
From
a
in operation.
iron,and
has
platformabove,it
called cinnebar
fire-chamber:
chambers
was
ceeded
pro-
(ared-looking
this
is
nected
con-
by long pipes,which
the influence
of the
heat,and
at
158
ATLANTIC
THE
last find
opening
an
chimney,
of which
out
the
far up
the
pours
of the
sides
in
hills,
a
of
poisonous vapors
arsenic.
The
is heated
ore
in
quicksilver
chambers
other
it is
and
ahove
sublimed, and
flues,and,
from
runs
and
which,by
its
hoiler,and
iron
set
and
poured into
hold
the
Having
drove,by
one
made,
to the
up
grade is
either
and
it
to
you
feet within
long shed
of
tated,
precipi-
the
furnace,
is
dipped, weighed,
made
are
of cast
by
of the
part
old-fashioned
an
closed
are
this
seen
mines
and
the
on
villages
the
loads
taken
ore
are
down
iron,
thread-cut
a
work,
next
we
that could
the hill.
drawn
the
up
to the
found
one
the
two
villagesof miners,
shutes,
of Welch
mine
pass, and
the hill.
was
grope
A
it is cleaned
car
and
and
a
Cornwall
great dark
around
miners.
the
assorted,and
of
The
hole,through
for several
brings up
As
one
"
be
The
it slides to the level of the furnaces.
we
Mexicans, and
which
it is
of the finest mountain-roads
through which
rode up,
side
like
flasks,which
mountain-sides, and
entrance
this
that heavy
adjusted,
so
the
separated from
in little globules into
looks
from
fifty-six
pounds,
stopper.
the
carries the quicksilver
into
inclination,
which
largereceptacle,
a
a
chambers
the
the
into
along
passes
it is
as
trough, extending along
a
Fahrenheit,when
substances,is graduallycooled,until
and
we
480"
ore
thousand
; and
under
prepared
for
160
ATLANTIC
THE
The
landed
is
estate
would
the
he
to
We
divided
enjoying
were
Lick
seeing
ride
which
turned,
city
near
fine
the
the
breakfasting
House.
is
next
holders
along
morning,
Gate
the
grand
for
ury
treas-
visit,
our
and
besides
in
beauty
roadway.
our
;
it
stock.
surpassed
the
and
;
the
employed,
often
not
to
the
with
its
;
appliance
cash
of
processes
Golden
in
in
large
costly
every
pleased
the
trees
machinery
returns
the
much
in
and
scenery
We
the
a
large
is
company
possessed
among
very
instructed
its
they
yield
ore
were
the
by
extensive,
that
seem
making
of
owned
property
PACIFIC.
THE
TO
and
face
at
again
ten
dining-room
towards
o'clock
of
we
the
CHAPTER
To
Yo-Semite.
the
Hotel.
White
Ride
Size
As
of
the
is well
Hotel.
Grove
Mariposa
Routes.
of
Trees.
Clark's
"
Big
tlie chief
tourist
There
shall
as
decry all
the
and
routes, talked
we
making
see
the
will
the
he
give
begins
heard.
New
"
John.
reach
you
"
it, and
People Travelling.
point
interest
of
the
For
in
those
result
very
question
two
who
of
our
important
their
talk
to
asked
be
to
routes, who,
weeks
almost
we
glory, you
valley.
of course,
looked
over
daily returned
labor.
;
the
by
the
of
for, if
must
time, that is,just at the breaking-up of the
14*
and
Capt.
"
How
"
different
own.
with
trip is
waterfalls
is the
for the
their
save
saw
the
VALLEY.
go?"
as
agents
are
we
and
is the
we
soon
City
Ranche.
Trees.
YO-SEMITE
"How
What
"
Fashionable
"
known,
visited in California
Merced
"
Mariposa.
to
Hatch's
and
The
the
The
"
The
"
XIX.
The
time
you
desire
go
in
snows,
161
;
of
to
floodwhen
162
ATLANTIC
THE
thing seems
every
beredj the
waterfalls
dry
with
the waterfalls
a
are
much
more
across
the mountains
San
Yo-Semite
The
By
of
Trees
Big
the
the
within
fact there
one
should
go into the
of
to
grand
views
is
necessity,
the
see
chose
the
to
route, and
enter
the
return
be
valleywe
and
and
Camp
miles
must
posa,"
Mari-
Big-oak
the
of
line ;
by
and, by the latter,
;
; that
side,and
one
new
and
is,that
you
of it upon
out
inspiringscenery
accomplishing a journey,which,
hard
trees"
and
in
valleyby
by
doubt
no
have
you
while
"big
dred
hun-
a
great Mariposa Grove
four
valleyon
very
from
Grove.
can
the other ; for thus
of east
Merced
^^
"Chinese
some
it is
fiftymiles.
second, the shortest saddle-ride
Of
and
and
If
journey
is distant
to reach the
have
we
first,
visit the Calaveras
we
mere
season.
denominated
are
the
little south
a
; but
and
Coulterville,"
Plat."
a
flood-time.
make
direct course,
a
hundred
three routes
of
many
only
at
to
later in the
miles
fifty-five
"
all become
pleasant
is situated
travel at least two
and
snows,
from
then
secondaryconsideration,
Francisco,and, in
and
melting
remem-
made
are
their volume
and
easy
for^be it
:
Yo-Semite
entirely;while
up
trickling
compared
The
to water
the
of
by the
swollen
streams
them
turned
the
way
tiresome.
the
way
As
we
wanted
Mariposa Grove,
of
Clark's,or
of Coulterville ;
the
we
first
although,
TO
if time
had
for
it."
line
the
eight,where
Joaquin Valley
to
After
miles away.
gave
under
the very
us
the
drawn
up
we
could
Our
unfurnished
atmosphere,were
first night on
our
citybelles,of
a
complement
The
Four
the
months
ago,
spot where
erected
by
now
there
us
was
fifty
reached
ride,we
"
Bloss
byname
he
that
could,
sleeping-carsbeing
to accommodate
the
the
and
"
guests ;
in."
turn
hot, oppresexcessively
sive
invitingsurroundingsfor
you
upon
resolved
we
not
always meet
to
such
not
a
plain
com-
the
to
than
more
expeditions.
earlylooking about
is the hotel.
the Central
San
some
hardship,leaving that
whom
found
the
up
unfinished hotel,named
; but
for comfort
morning
half-past
the
very
way
reasonable
of any
young
not
our
rough
to
tedious
Good-night ! "
"
and
room,
"
lies
best accommodations
only say,
luggage
about
start
genial landlord
the side-track
and
city
and
circumstances, even
on
left the
we
dress
City,which
slow
The
Capitan."
and
cars,
unfinishedcity and
"El
way.
only such
us
Sacramento,at
Merced
a
June,
other
city at four,p.m., and reaches
change
we
our
upon
arranging our
to
the
taken
Grove
6th of
train leaves the
Lathrop,on
"
and
necessary,
The
the
of the
have
journey,taking along with
our
seemed
as
should
visited the Calaveras
the afternoon
163
PACIFIC.
permitted^we
route, and
On
THE
house
in
the
sight from
Tliis great house
Pacific Eailroad
city.
Company
to
was
ac-
164
ATLANTIC
THE
the travel to the Yo-Semite.
commodate
high, a
hundred
Mr.
to him
of
railroad offices
all in the
are
others,to nearly all
which
from
did
under
time, he
of
as
for
depart
If Mr.
of three
number
of
mining
and
many
stages start,
is able to entertain
arrive
could
are
guests
do
as
leaving
manner
a
he
that,by this
sure,
in
the
evening
well
as
the
from
and
morning
at
Bloss
and
the
prise
enter-
up
any
dailylines
we
circumstances,
the
far
of many
centre
pense
ex-
The
the
to
Valley,Hopeton,
livelytimes
hotel.
the
an
they arrive,which, together with
Yo-Semite, make
about
at
more.
made
City is
It is the
of which
carriageswhich
many
dollars
saloons,and
Mariposa, Bear
as
villages,
all modern
furniture
creditable
is very
a dozen
largelivery-stables,
unoccupied citylots.
with
building; and, so
projectors.Merced
of its
and
the
fortythousand
some
progressed,it
has
work
will add
Bloss
wings
two
thousand
risingseventy-five
It will cost
improvements.
dollars ; and
furnished
to be
piazzas,and
broad
and
by fortyfeet,with
fifteen
and
It is four stories
little to be desired.
There
and
here
good
one
We
the
citizen
city about
who
had
persistedin tellingus
assured
with
in
are
us,
its
"
that,when
barking and
should
it
got
three
taken
of this
grown,
hundred
up
people;
his
residence
of
city,"and
"
pup
it would
astonish
us
growling.''
stronglyadvise
tourists
to
arrange
for
a
here ; for the
from
privateconveyance
overcrowded, go by longer roads
not
are
At
in any
appointedtime,
the
which
foot-hills,
the
for
comfortable
so
far
as
the
as
of the
the cabin
by
Joaquin
a
have
far
"
been
greaterthan
country which
lies at the entrance
these
stocked with
gives us
a
good
here
The
strike
we
grain-fields
Kature
has
now
these
goat ; and
sheep and
either side
on
of
crops,
the
into
to the
made
is
by
"
valley.
gravelly
foot-hills, vast
"
the
of the
home
great pastures
well
are
This
foot-hills of
the
there
the fields which
wool-producinganimals.
idea
and
grain,which
in this
previousyear
which
rollingfields,
the
yielding immense
are
any
these
Beyond
"
headed
bounded
through vast fields
fine ; and
ripened,or nearly so, looks
now
off
little growth of timber
creek.
some
were
the east.
on
drive
rancher,or
of
banks
along the
distance
the
reaches,only relieved
eye
mail, and
o'clock,we
barley,covering the earth
and
of wheat
often
are
the
leave
to
seven
twenty miles, we
about
stages
respect.
in
great valleyof the San
For
165
PACIFIC.
THE
TO
region
Sierra
the
Nevadas.
During
grown
small
ride, our
familiar,aided,no
bottle which
and, with
keep
our
his
his team
he
teeth
in
"knight
of
the
doubt, by the
takes
occasionally
drawing
motion, and
at
the
tlie
from
his
a
pocket,
manages
time
has
of
contents
cork,
same
whip"
to
empty
166
of the
some
the
big ;
too
wonder
but, as
here
partake
with
He
size.
healthy.
"
Die
!"
ups
Of
the
of
being
big things,no
informed
face
said he.
us
"
of
No
whiskey and
out
one
mense
im-
the
that
exceedingly
passing was
were
we
people who
general character
the
of
dowijs
and
the stories
of
some
history,
(neverlackingin wonders)
grave
regionthrougliwhich
the
in the land
were
we
stage-driver's
yarns
a
should
"
career.
he told us,
lived at the ranches
"
his
told his
He
and
"box/'
checkered
had
which
liis mouth.
liquidinto
life upon
his
"
ATLANTIC
THE
here would
doctors."
He,
ever
liking
die,if it
wasn't
the last
mode, had evidentlyadopted the first-mentioned
to
course
for
end
his
we
are
days
time
the
within
not
appointed
for
mortals.
But
now
attention
which
form
the
of
spiresor domes,
tiresome
relieved
to
the
the
which
rock-formation
stand
fields of
eye,
only by
at
sandstone,and
almost
crop
hills ; and
our
as
moving
is
This
the
grave-stones, covering the
sides
very
to
the
ground
of
is another
The
of note.
tlie
is very
become
There
herds.
worthy
of
change
great sheep-pastures,
right angles
out
shapes,giving to
ripening grain
do
the
rise in
often
in fantastic
or
landscape peculiar beauty.
for the
the
among
surface,and
the
projectfrom
in
by the great ledges of sandstone
is attracted
agreeable;
slate
well
the
of
strata
underlying
in
shape
like
hills with
a
168
bottom, and
the refuse dirt to
Here
pan.
used
is
the
on
all the
now
But
little way
just a
when
town
"
first to let you
up
have
known
kill
the
seen
'um
a
dies of his
But,
before
entered
I
was
the
a
told,some
lost,and
gloryforever
of
got
I
; and
they laid
out
for you
old
an
town
of
Don't
"
but
you
W-a-a-1,
coming
a
town,
new
see, here
I
have
I
tell you
to
stand
graveyard.
a
to
nobody
large
a
city tells
hour, and
of
"
graveyard
Mariposa,
once
"
left here ; and
number
remain
desperadoes,
the
stay
chief
things: they always
crumbling,ruined
story which
A
"
are
really digested the
keepers,and
of
of
sluice,
a
The
said.
you
they have
people of standing have
saloon
placeof
driver says,
graveyard ;
had
we
thrivingcity,now
and
earlydays
accord."
own
story,"we
a
improved
is,however, quartz ;
always know
here,when
out
the
Yes,'*we
thing East
to start
man
"
know
same
the
of water.
use
"
them
see
you
takes
our
on,
can
you
in
was
the utensils
of
been
never
of the
still.
stamp-millsare
I tell you,
now
it
Estate
Mariposa
those grave-stones ?
see
has
in the
economical
side
rocker," one
which
to-day just as
the
over
go
"
placer-mining. It
more
mining
the
saw
mining,
is
California
and
also
we
in
and
upon,
a
ATLANTIC
THE
place.
only a
of
here.
a
All
few
the
shop
miners, and,
It is
hopes blasted,of
a
sad
fortunes
gone.
we
were
oif
again,in
a
moun-
drawn
tain wagon
where
we
the
steppedupon
and
piazza,we
"hung
were
erected
Maine,
few
successive
where
who
of
such
and,
refreshing
sleeppreparedus
they
the
for
to Clark's.
at
elevation
ascends
with
is
now
on
the
swift
at
of
of this creek
are
at
an
Mrs.
;
ern,"
"tav-
Hatch,
pleased,who
an
banks
elevation
of
the
current, fiows
fiood,some
15
of
South
by
near
shade
road
leaves
thousand
the
crosses
we
forty-onehundred
Merced
the
vide
di-
feet,between
When
the Merced.
; and
the
of three
hundred
fifty-eiglit
and
earlystart
The
Creek, and
Chowchilla
elevation
we
Clark's,
and
are
Hatch's
and
the waters
little house
under
hills,
taken
huge pines,we
an
mountains
quitea
are
an
of
at
a
good things that
of
among
feet,and
to the
now
drive
a delightful
b}''
White's
lumber
the
enlargetheir
when
were
entertained
They
table
a
per
sup-
here from
into
tourists
we
keeper
houseWe
peoplecame
went
as
good
a
walls/'
kindly received by
you
soon
Yankee
a
additions,
they have
so
Hatch's,
is left to find fault ?
in the world
A
but,the
satisfied ;
are
of
ago.
forced to
are
you
spreads for
Yankees
years
at first;
they were
increasing,
and, by
assured
that these
twelve
travellers
as
outer
saw-mill, and
a
business,some
the
upon
long in findingout
not
were
and
Just
night.
stay over
bed ; for the marks
clean
a
White
by two horses^for
to
were
169
PACIFIC.
THE
TO
reach
feet,
River, which,
house.
The
river
to eiglitjfeet wide,
seventy-five
170
clear
crystal,and by its rocky bed
as
it
as
speeds along
Semite
who
fork
in foam
the
in
pioneers of
was
served
for China
slept.
a
it
In
a
a
travel
Yo-
his
of
he
themselves
built
and
entered
now
has
days
and
His
the
lighted,
blankets, and
a
for
tory,
dormi-
a
indeed.
his
nature, and
of
Edwin
The
more
"
over
Moore
of
and
modations.
accom-
rifle.
the
He
the
days
to
Mr.
business
ladies
is
the
preserves
came
the
great
a
camp-fire,and
co-partnershipwith
he
three-
larger and
with
it to talk
Mr.
plates
to-daythey have good
lover
which
heartyhospitality
dispensemake
tent
erect
to
dead-shot
a
habits,a
into
a
first
tin
Clark, in his earlydays,was
is still
1870
in
luxuries
were
general management
During
'
had
log-cabin,
a
nightly lighting the
In
here.
country
night the camp-firewas
forced him
his friends about
gone."
settled
named,
labor,is one
into the
came
pine table,with
buildings;
hunter, and
custom
at
two
or
Mr.
plain in
1855
in
those
in
substantial
and
they wrapped
and
which
of
section,who
; and
year
legged stools
increase
fruits of his
is
tent, the ground his table,and
tavern
around
the
ranch
this
enjoy the
lives to
now
early as 1853,
and
north
the
whom
Clark, from
Galen
of the
as
join
to
is tossed
Valley.
Mr.
and
ATLANTIC
THE
ing
gatherthat
the
are
ranch,
Clark, and
; and
of the
the
house
all feel at home.
afternoon
of the
day
of
our
arrival,there
TO
THE
came
gallopinginto
the
white
silk handkerchief
greatsize
His
shirt.
rested
was
gait of
After
Spanish,Mr.
Clark
his way
across
After
Lake.
Mono
that
understand
"
and
away,
visit
on
animation,the
old
Injun." No,
indeed
ever
told them
soon
they will
either
But
one
have
only a
was
their
a
overtaken
the
red
to
made
to
miles
face full of
of his tribe will
soothsayershad
They
years
over
muchy far,old
are
with
the tribes in the
few
and
and
on
was
thousand
any
be numbered
; while
will survive
which
of which
ocean
of the Atlantic
ground
nor
John.
of the
"Fresno,"
! too
the council-fires.
around
and
away,
neither he
:
utmost
chief
and, with
;
we
English
a
three
said,"Whew
man
that other
see
ocean
where
Capt.
mountains,
about
back
walked
the
as
was
called
"
the other
with
he
difficulty,
lived
we
piazza
broken
he
the
much
striped
a
his
upon
him
that
us
of Indians
a
blouse,and
and
his
in
once-powerfultribe
for
of
Clark
addressed
told
head, pantaloons
the
directlyto
little conversation
a
a
Indian,
Dismounting, he
saddle.
Clark
cordiality.Mr.
his
greeted Mr.
and
sitting,
were
with
mustang,
a
age
old
an
flannel
color,a
in
horse
yard
about
real Mexican
a
the
with
white
and
171
PACIFIC.
fast
their brothers
great
longer the
men,
passing
middle
ties
calami-
dwellers
by
ocean.
to
Capt. John
of the Indians
who
attaches
as
peculiarinterest,
Gjuided the first white
men
he
was
into the
172
valley. The
under
command
of
under
the
them, and
with their
the
returned
reservingonly enough
and
observed
dug
in the
the coals
in and
their mode
they eat
with
to eat with
hard
their
table
was
; and
whole
the
we
sat
in
lightedup by
a
A
our
knives
a
had
we
and
of
at
each
grunts.
is
hole
From
kind
of
the
paste,
ket,
baswater-tight
urged
us
and
fish,
found
omit.
Our
to
forks
on
recliningposition
was
camp,
the fish put
a
tried the
the fire,
which
Clark,
and, while
;
cooked.
they make
paste
succession
Mr.
to
away,
thus
the
night,
the house
near
fingers. Capt. John
they ate, they grunted
being a
At
therein
were
you,"
visited their
we
raked
we
I
sarva
me.
them
sold
and
them, that
earth ;
I
exclaim,"
fire made
a
and
cooking them.
of
them,
delicious ; but
them
looked upon
understand
dried acorns,
from
men
to-dayknows.
they call bread,and which,from
which
As
with
covered
made
meal
often
glowing,they are
are
white
for supper,
ground,and
pursuit
ful
the wonder-
Clark's,Capt.John
their trout, and
with
in
pany,
com-
into
of the little settlement
the Indians
when
taken
the world
that he could
means
mountains, a
guidance of friendlyIndians,
; and he would
good friends
the
Capt.Boling,started
which
I staid at
long as
which
up
for the first time
and
grandestscenery
As
being very troublesome,
chief,Te-na-ya,were
valley;
so
1850
in
Indians
having a strongholdfar
and
of
ATLANTIC
THE
were
our
our
gers
fin-
table,the
blazingnear
by.
other ; their
guage
lan-
TO
day, althoughSunday, it was
Next
party should visit
The
make
a
led up
horseback
ride of
to consider
that
a
For
and
The
I
ladies first
well
could be."
For
him, called him
fed him
look
;
back, he
and
me,
then
looked
"
was
at
as
I selected
tellige
in-
an
turned
some
round
his
minutes
several times
and, were
for that
ing
again. Coax-
me
after
good
as
best
the
few minutes
he
know
a
a
mule
stay in the mountains
^sculapius,treated
15*
for
to let him
; and
to behave
ni}^ whole
well used.
them,
built,and with
his
upon
were
preferreda mule,
then whirled
after
ever
twelve
than
more
selectingand assigning
me,
willow-twigseemed
and
yielded,
return,
^
gait,and
I desired him
should
the
towards
countenance
with
and
trip.
Jumping
eye.
way
; and
but
best-looking,
the
to show
little
a
four miles ;
some
footed,and, looking among
being surer
one, not
TREES.
of trees,and
groups
immediately began.
for the
our
mules, bridled and saddled,were
horses and
by eighto'clock
mounted
seemed
both
BIG
trail of
a
to
of animals
queer
over
"rounds"
Our
miles.
OF
GROVE
grove is reached
the
arranged that
the
MARIPOSA
but
173
PACIFIC.
THE
I to
go
him
again in
mule, which
T
trust
mule
as
I
kept
kindly,rested
that
will
region,I
ever
bo
174
ATLANTIC
THE
I noticed
"
their
horsemanship
were
upon
in not
led
being
for he had
him,
put
also showed
in
the
in
a
all
away
the
in
conquering a mustang
with
those
trees
from
a
five feet
The
a
"
trail is
an
above
over
have
succeed
mule.
trail for
the
But, if
standing
had
we
in
a
hundred
a
not
satisfied
been
of
grove
circumference,and
feet in
twenty-fiveto
a
and
of those
the shade
which
an
as
a
half
from
seventy-
made
a
a
side of
far up
their sides.
occupiedin reaching the
about
still in
the side of
Congress has
Sierras
was
of
the
magnificentgreat pines
These
it is called.
elevation
but
sea-level,
depressionin
the
cover
and
hour
lie at
pleasantone, being up
very
Upper Grove,"
trees
bragging,
high, mostly pines.
spruces
About
hotel
; the
us
six to twelve
hill,under
and
should
bigger trees, we
and
off
are
we
dies
la-
The
course.
mountain
a
vegetableworld.
in the
about
hundred
or
sisted
per-
pitied
one
much
that
"
nice,
mule
No
his
pityby
pony
But, all ready ! and
of those
be very
tried to
cityivay.
talked
don't always
horsei6'o??^a?^ship,
Eastern
even
those wonders
who
dirt ; for his
fact.
same
or
read
who
experience,and
his
they
when
child
jpoor
of
"braggedmost
poorest show
the
One
sprawled
grief,
to
came
made
animals.
the
loudlyof
tliat those who
thing,
one
a
of
groups
hundred
fifty-five
little
valley,a
sort
big
feet
of
ridge.
grant
of two
miles
square, and
176
The
the
known
one
branches
are
fullysix
large as
something which
with
the assistance
cord
around
from
the
in size
I
by
the
age
to say
mule-back
whose
mule
where
w^ell
nearly as
hollowed
; and
old.
fire had
around, and
rode
for
made
us
a
to
growing, its top showing
are
great vegetablewonders
found
have
created
so
much
a
this cord
(which
of two
others)
inches
in
; but
have
length.
it is safe
fallen)that
a
fallen
it
trunk,
rode
fire,we
worked,
rent
no
stretched
on
tree, still growing, but
rode, turned
we
again.
out
ride
and
tree,
decrease
Through
another
side the
large enough
which
by decay
into
the fire had
eight
feet
with
home
for the
is variouslyestimated
years
being
five feet
the measurements
as
Its
could
we
side ; and
one
on
inches.
of this
size
allowance
no
data of those
hundred
the
guides,w^e
two
as
burning
(fromthe
was
into
tree
of this tree
is fifteen
which
show
just ninety-two
measures
The
would
ground, making
have, as
now
our
the
ground,
three
take
Desiring to
of the
ninety-
largest elms, many
our
feet in diameter.
the
is
in diameter.
risingthirty-onefeet
as
is
at
feet
above, is sixty-four
feet
It is at the base
circumference
in
inches
the grove
portionof
GrislyGiant/' which
"
the
as
seven
eleven
and,
in the southern
great tree
three feet
me
ATLANTIC
THE
There
was
one
directlythrough the tree,
it
through, and
signs
; and
of
decay.
probably no
comment
as
still
was
These
trees
these,all
ever
tlie
TO
learned
and
descriptions
We
the world
journals of
and
forests,
let
great giantsof the
these
that
them, and re-assured
had
we
that
been
We
returned
in mule-back
privilegedto
Nature
somewhat
the
proved
tired with
riding over
the
of
behold
existence
the
lightingof
trail ;
mountain
a
of the
"
parlorlater
I
those
should
in
camp-firefound
men."
rough
ignoranceshown
by
could
I
"
gentleman ;
College;
that
; that
;
their mode
did not
come
make
such
son
derived
of life.
out
Not
was
was
much
that
a
than
tlie
their "dear
Clark
Mr,
of
man
to
extreme
was
graduate of
recent
a
Yale
tion
great informa-
knowledge
from
the
them, I had
versation
con-
learned
"
she again replied,
I
satisfied,
brains.
If
a
people."
common
placeupon
many
Fashionably-cutclothes
people,farther
said
stay with
to
trips with
her
a
door
only a specimen of
"
here to associate with
which
the
first at the
and, by mingling with
is the estimate
his dress.
lady,
Moore
Mr.
I had
this
like
the
with
me
Passing
would
you
only tell
that his
theless,
but, never-
evening,a citybelle
Surprised at
great majoritywho
papas,"
the
think
not
first experience
our
ranchers,listeningto their stories.
This
wonders
God.
a
me,
full
mountain
thoughts contemplatethe
our
Nature, thankful
of
them
having given
reviews.
amid
lunched
177
PACIFIC.
THE
go, with
person
a
person,
"
fashionahle
can
travel
178
ATLANTIC
THE
through
the
Great
our
have
and
people,
if
shirt,
tirade
than
ill
few
with
the
feelings,
noble
party,
early
To-morrow
at
we
seven
shall
or
o'clock
not
;
lovers
reach
whom
and,
the
upon
the
we
shall
as
the
valley
of
met
at
start
my
trip,
sensitive
trail
before
for
is
the
who
me
gave
and
of
this
help
they
the
and
color
not
for
nature,
the
the
could
;
here
for
;
forget
I
wounded
and
we
business
else
sions
preten-
homespun,
women
all
women,
in
clean.
fashionable
annoyance
created
of
only
hope
with
ought
fashionable
beyond
dresses
men
be
it
against
more
the
and
ranchers
sturdy
their
State
the
of
governor
him
deem
he
as
iox
respect
any
I
afterwards,
associate
and
West,
PACIFIC.
THE
TO
often
of
natures
were
along
stopping-places.
the
nigh
sunset.
valley,
thirty
leaving
miles,
XX.
CHAPTER
The
Trail
Peaks.
We
made
to
go ; and
the
its
creek
source
in
reached
by
named
a
the
of
than
Washington,
know
To
must
follow
the
more
and
then
one
or
;
but
roughest road
crooked
narrow
journey
nearly
just
than
any
it down
number
into
Fork
the
of
which
sition.
requithe
of
a
what
a
you
ever
cow-path
to
a
way
have
can
feet
went
in
had
higher
just wide
old
water.
tideis
by
and
over,
the
above
above
half
be
now
feet
mountain-trail
idea
some
a
brings
trail lies to
our
hundred
and
mile
six miles
thousand
a
river and
main
We
seventy-one
or
sea,
large
South
lies between
Alder, along
the level
Mt.
the
long
our
trail^
ascending very rapidly,we
a
A
of
Fall.
brought
great mountain-meadow.
altitude
an
Mountain
for
a
was
was
cross
mentioned.
a
to
; and
There
mule
we
plateau,which
the branch
us
bridge
a
Biver
reach
and
Clark's
from
valley.
horse
every
By
Merced
the
into
The
"
Yo-Semite
The
"
early start
an
Yo-Semite.
the
Inspiration Point.
"
saddle-ride
into
Clark's
from
gining
ima-
by
far
pastures,
enough
179
you
for
180
to pass, and
animal
one
ATLANTIC
THE
than
little less
throw
then
set this
and
perpendicular,
occasionallya snow-drift
know
can
of the
something
the
earlyspring ;
snows
ten
here
swollen;and, in the spots where
is
grass
quantityof
hard
packed
from
six to ten
shadow
A
feet
of rocks and
trail is
peculiar:
for
in
way
around
few
hours
a
we
going
are
are
it is
have
must
are
the
gone,
been
and
the
it follows
the
takes
or
a
"
the
an
in the white."
first struck
great pains to
rock,when
a
path ;
new
the
in
ground
clothed
path
crust, are
the
but
out,
long
a
go
labor of
still there
something fascinatingin followingthe windings
of
a
is
our
road.
narrow
The
have
character
of the
those which
Pinus
the
you
streams
snows
over
is still
trees
open
deep, and
the
pass
depth ;
fallen tree
would
the
to
us
though farther,and
even
it
across
here ; for the drifts of snow,
snow
enough
tion
inclina-
an
in the mountains
There
just springing up.
immense
feet
melting;
are
at
then
trail whicli
to-day (June 10). Up
over
path
of the
flowers,too, are
to the
sun
beauties
; but
which
has
delight in
contorta, Picea
forests
trees
changed
these
grandis, Picea
high
Sierras
are
; and
elevated
amahilis
formed.
now
we
places,as
:
of these
The
early
blossoming,and opening their brighteyes
it is too
later
the frosts and
earlyin
cover
the
snows.
the
the
season
ground, ^nd
for the floral
make
you
get
for-
THE
TO
By
View
o'clock
one
Meadow/'
whose
We
snow.
reached
we
a
"
a
in the
now
face to face with
place called
the
on
Mountain
"
in the
it were,
great basin,as
loftypeaks rise
are
181
PACIFIC.
tains,
moun-
side,covered
every
and
high Sierras,
with
brought
are
the
grandest mountain-range on
continent.
lunch
We
for
name
a
log-cabinand
made
partitions
by
I)osa
takes
during
of
charge
and, that
charm,
a
each
she does it
the
and
around
it,who
Peragoy'sthe
From
well,the
To
call
country between
ridges,and
the
for cattle
now
grass
other
few weeks
that
crossingthese meadows,
16
have
the
no
beauty;
no
tuell-'psiymg
is to her
rest.
can
entering the
one
Glacier
by
Point.
risingin sharp
rolling;now
into
the valley,
a
pretty meadow,
springingup, offeringabundant
during the
In
the
settlingback
is
eyes
trails diverge;
is
lives
table,with
her
Peragoy
from
loudly for extras,
which
into
praisesfrom
many
she
Mari-
him
Mrs.
to and
in which
and
valleyby Inspiration,
snows.
to the
her the mountains
^^eZZ-loaded
grandestsightupon
where
property is owned
; and
summer
great meadow
well-set
guests
The
house,with
Baltimore
lunchingtravellers
told full well.
company
the
pretentious
takes
country to dig gold. Stock-raising
this meadow
but
a
frame
The
from
came
House,
small
one
cloth.
of cotton
Peragoy,who
one
View
at the Mountain
they
now
are
free
filled with
food
from
sur-
182
face water, often
in
ATLANTIC
THE
efforts
his
sink, and
he would
thousand
seven
and
at this
of
altitude,
run
at any
speed ; and, until
the
sea
;
walk
or
accustomed
one's
self,as
catchingglimpses
of the
huge
not
comfort.
dis-
the
to exert
be taken
should
it,care
to
great
a
our
impossibleto
has become
one
and,
upon
feet above
it is
course,
;
shallow,down
reach
we
hundred
four
fly at
find water, to
feet would
highest point which
The
trail is
our
would
seemed
which
creek
to his knees
mire
mud
the
get out,
to
crossinga
in
rate, or,
would
mule
our
evil
results often follow.
But
we
now
are
the
valley;
and
a
mile
or
takes
so
get
we
walk
Dismounting, we
then
The
scene.
hills which
but
a
Bridal
of
from
to
opens
is
rise in
little way
Veil throws
out
view
our
sun
of
first view
our
us
to that
the west
its
:
great cloud
top
of the
of spray.
spot,
in
the
front
We
are
the
huge granite
seemingly
of us,
than
white,flowing robes
to
; and
enchanting,awe-inspiring
reallymore
rock
valley.
juttingrocks
Po-ho-no, and, fallingsix hundred
the
the
portionof
the
upon
the
a
just sinkingbehind
off,but
famed
of
POINT.
INSPIRATION
Here
side
the farther
rise upon
towering peaks which
and
walls
a
mile, the
the
over
and
thirty feet
river,breaks
far above
face
this
into
fall.
On
a
184
precipitousside
The
and
and
its sides
; the
into three
climb
can
Prof.
below
depressionis
to the
State
those
"
its walls ;
The
by
which
as
will start
feet before
step
to
us.
tion
generaldirec-
by east,until
which
it is
and
wild
near
divides
we
gorges
down
of
we
A
the
teristics
lip its charac-
sums
of the Yo-
from
distinguished
approach
near
all
verti-
to
the
small
very
trail ; and
twenty-nine hundred
have
new
little way
of
and
the
of
of
amount
giganticcliffs."
of these
bottom
width
the
with
compared
reachingthe
of the way,
of the
second, their great height,not only
talus,or dehins,at the base
steep climb
the
principalfeatures
:
the
valley itself; and, finally,
a
face
sur-
calls
geologistof California,
valleys,are, first,the
absolutely,but
We
the
;
higher Sierras beyond.
follows
Semite, and
nearly level
sharp turn,
a
gigantic trough,"and
as
mile
a
generallevel
north-east
through
up
Whitney,
calityof
the
it ; and
it makes
canons,
valley "a
known
mile
a
end, where
its upper
is
area
half
being solid granite of the finest grain.
almost
of this
; its
from
from
perpendicularly
region just around
mountain
long by
in width
almost
rise
rock
It is sunken
six miles
half
a
give a general
us
valley.
about
valleyis
mile
a
mountain, let
of this
this wonderful
idea of
to
ATLANTIC
THE
the
we
make
must
and
seventy-
valley. At
inspiringviews
down,
we
have
the
each
sented
pre-
spot
THE
TO
where
and
Bierstadt
him
to
transferred
points,the
be
must
care
say
animal
would
begin
look
to
present
is
to
surelycause
up
the
high ;
but
hundred
avoid
in
and
our
the other side
Veil
of
On
into
the
granite,but
as
up
journey
five hundred
are
down
left
than
the
Indians
are
named
have
we
of
we
it,as
we
fall
a
thousand
a
feet
advances.
season
Eock, twenty-six
Spires,which
those rocks,risingone
the
your
now
upon
feet,and, as
"Leaping Frog Kocks," from
16*
Falls,which
rise,just
forms, they are
other, called by
which
the
misstep of
a
Cathedral
which
some
course,
trouble.
our
more
sixtyfeet high ;
their lines and
frogs,but
spirit.
accident; for although
serious
little
this fall dries
some
indicate,
the
has
impressed
of
steep,and, of
Bridal
granitecolumns,
out
in
out
sharp edge
to, instead
Virgin'sTear, a
pass
he
are
stands
danger,still
no
called
We
it
as
a
InspirationPoint.
at
the view
which
Capitan,we
and,
;
taken
rightis
our
El
trail is very
there
guides
On
found
picture,
wide.
reallyvery
At
to
Hill
only in outline,but
nearer
its massiveness
for his great
grandest, and
not
canvas
it seems
valley,
did
trail,where
seemed
approach
we
with
to
his sketches
the
little off
a
which
As
made
185
PACIFIC.
as
their
the
tinct
dis-
are
names
brings
sun
beauty.
rare
and
over
above
Pom-pom-pa-sus,
their resemblance
in the survey
"
to
The
On
or
three
Three
186
ATLANTIC
THE
Brothers," tlie highest
and
hundred
Bridal
its
swayed
like the
flowing
dozen
a
Merced
as
trees, and
was
a
sound
over
spot just
to the
like
fall tbe
a
as
the
least
fall,at
rain.
of
on
column
of "The
name
the
came
Indians
feet
our
among
up
shower
darkness
as
The
awful.
more
us
the
fall into
deep. Leaving
rode
of
seemed
There
them,
so
base
strikingthe
the wind
of
gave
came
spray
weird
it all the
the
of
us
the
as
losing itself
this
was
of
party, some
got quite near
the
where
the
of
veil.
some
the water, it
dragged through
rest
forded
we
the
base, it seemed
its
from
running
and
;
spray,
at
white
long
a
streams
and,
;
of
increased
grow
thirty-eight
approached
we
foaming
which
the tall trees
among
the
of
mass
rises
As
thirtyfeet high.
Veil, its beauty seemed
wind
to be
which
of
and
;
the
made
of water
here
they came
the
Spiritof
It
Night
Wind," in their language Po-ho-no.
A
mile
brought us
little farther
on
to
heard
was
spray.
rock
To
rises,which
the house
The
and
the
where
the
in
back
the
of
are
hotel,Leidig's;and
Black's,where
of the
roar
the
"
has
hotel
we
had
great Yo-Semite
moonlight
is called
we
first
to
came
we
stay.
;
to
the
could
we
a
termined
defall
the
see
great tower-like
The
Sentinel
the
name,
Rock
"New
"
;
and
Sentinel
Hotel."
Too
tired to
eat, and
with
mind
crowded
full of the
TO
incidents
of the
sleepby
the
Indians
the
sun
in the
the
higher,his
slid down
beams
their
marked
burst
rocks
and
his
we
the
the
morning
scarred
lost
which
the
the
waterfalls
could
I
one
and,
;
in
bold
whole
of
enjoyedin
earlymorning, or
the
the
he
as
the
rose
gradually
relief their
his
at last
and
full
sparkle in
beautiful ;
more
most
but
our
valley,causing
shine
to
be
its first
mountains
rocks,and
out
the
bed
till the
beautiful
and
fast-bell
break-
views
of
have
the
valley.
just
at
sunset, we
of the
FALL,
YO-SEMITE
probably the
is
valley,and
in
with
greatest attraction
height (two thousand
thirty-four
feet)surpasses
the world
sun
by time, until
upon
Nothing
rang
This
to
opposite
:
surrounding
sides,bringing
and
quite dark
persistedin remaining in
best view
as
amply repaid for
were
valleyit was
glory
trees
those who
In the
and
glided over
and
in
beams.
Nature
the
watching for
out
were
pinnacles of
gilded with
rays
we
rose,
In
spires and
forms
GrislyBear/'
great waterfall just on
valley;
early start.
were
Great
"
lulled
valley.
Before
beams
retired,to be
soon
of the
the
called
side of the
day, we
roar
187
PACIFIC.
THE
like volume
all other
of
water.
six
known
It
in
all the
hundred
waterfalls
is formed
and
in
by
188
a
creek
of the
its bed
has
rock, is
from
hour.
a
of
into
three
parts ; the
fifteen hundred
feet,where
shelf,which
the
from
makes
front
back
the
of
cascades,it finds its way
six
perpendicular,
edge
of the
where
cliff,
pileof debris,and by
The
the
volume
fall;and the wind
it sways
the
reaches
the
As
time.
masses,
within
of
The
of
the
foaming
shelf,to
it tumbles
and
seems
mass,
granite,causes
view
:
positions
without
water
some
from
is too
which
the
this
fall varies
in
some,
it appears
an
polished
it.
it strikes
The
upon
thousand
two
final
feet
series
a
of
being,in
into
very
by
it,that
it
like
rocket-
air is collected
the
flattened
report
much
another, the cascades
ced.
Mer-
be broken
falls in
which
one
a
feet at flood-
it
cliff,
the
the
out, before
hundred
like
the
effect upon
by
a
plunge upon
widens
three
like
is
upon
great to
an
to whirl ;
sound
mile
first,a vertical
is carried
and, fallingupon
a
; in
a
has such
mass,
from
twenty-six feet)to
it makes
rivulets
the
over
a
(thedescent
and
of
break
step
cliff;and, by
down
hundred
to
nearly
lower
of
granite
dangerous
fall is divided
descent
the
over,
pours
It
width, and
current
a
it is
that
smooth,
depth,with
in
away,
snows.
it pours
where
forty feet
to
miles
ten
by melting
granite,and,
feet in
it
is fed
and
twenty
Where
heads
which
name,
in solid
to three
two
same
Hoffman,
in Mount
so
ATLANTIC
THE
of
in
a
shelf
cannon.
different
continuous
appear
fall
between
the
whether
far
width), the sight
in
mile
this
By
time
do
ready, also,to
bewitching,it
trail
The
brings us
a
the
last
east
store, the
brought
the
These
is
cross
river;but the
end
of the
and
our
meadow.
mountains.
is
water
bridge,we
animals
Soon
On
go
the
all the
the
the
graniterock, called
valleydivides
"
so
Hazeltine, the
they
Near
the
left
water
and
the
North
into three
main
across
the
that great
"
get
the
at the
channel,
a
great
towering
Koyal Arches,
dome-shaped
Dome.
canons,
which
to span
we
between
have
we
of
Hutchings'swe
the
valley narrows
Mr.
rude ; and
ought
only across
by
furnished,was
are
high, that,when
are
in
lectured
material
bridgewhich
leg-deepin
Washington Column,
of
business,
somewhat
pack-mules.
a
oif.
are
we
so
Cosmopolitan Saloon,
are
omitted, as
upon
animals
dormitory erected
new
structures
upon
the Merced
so
of
centre
winter),Smith's
built,and with which
over
and
:
photographic gallery of
all elaboration
they are
the
to
soon
and
telegraph-office,
Hutchings.
there
to go
were
Lake, is
Mirror
name,
we
Our
tramp.
our
(keptby Hutchings, who
Hutchings'sHotel
in
the
as
voted
was
a
imposing,and
ready,and
was
it justice
after
up ; and
brought
are
and
grand
is
breakfast
our
than
Niagara.
enchanting than
more
point,
any
valley(here more
the
across
or
near,
from
and
perpendicular falls ;
two
189
PACIFIC.
THE
TO
At
this
mass
point
Tenaya, through
190
ATLANTIC
THE
wliich
branch
a
Nevada,
middle
or
flows ; and
the
righthand,
of
little way
the
up
the South
Tenaya,
glacier; and, climbing
they
but
every
because
On
no
our
had
into
way
a
has
earth,deem
An
attractive
the
see
of the
some
it
a
of
;
ber
num-
staying
humbug,
a
getting to
it.
will take
name
beauty unnoticed,
rare
names.
heaiitiful
of Merced
squaws
men,
Indians,
pounding
who,
like
disgraceto work,
but
acorns
other lords
willing
are
suf)portedby others.
the
more
afternoon
we
strolled about
satisfaction and
Miller,the poet
first
to
of the
great
is
Lake
ranchero
a
time
the
trouble
given them
this
undoubtedly fine
and
leave spots of
visited
we
chance
meal, and
of the
to be
one
who
a
it has
uncomfortable
Mirror
thing.
of
that
proper
are
it very
mass
river ; and
misnomer, and
a
tliose parts.
in
the many,
with
found
is
mosquitoes make
So it is with
In
lake
don't pa}'- for the time
and
and
a
the
the water
in
reflections
to call it
around
great
a
find
of the
At
Lake."
call '^Mirror
of
flows.
to
this,we
over
of the waters
some
up
day, the
south-west,the
Fork
come
we
Merced
granite rock, evidently the moraine
broken
dammed
the main
that to the
or
flows ; the
name
through which
one,
lUilouette,
through which
A
of that
Merced
of the
of the
comfort.
Sierras,who
making Englishmen
by ourselves,and
AVe
has
met
the
acquainted with
Joaquin
credit
the
of
grand
192
ATLANTIC
THE
of
proprietor
offered his services to the
he
guide. Although
as
he assured
would
the
enable
him
of
the
map
the
name,
talked
so
struck
; and
he
"
are
the
air of confidence
familiar
Good
party.
a
to
described
"
and
a
three
those
three
with
Pete
handsome
Pete
an
?"
ones
Hutchings's all right5 and,
Hutchings proposed a walk, and
tea, Mr.
had
Pete
name.
said
Sisters,"
ain't them
ment
judg-
lookinglike
as
party inquiredtheir
;
is his
that
for
questions.Coming
party reached
The
him
and
Missouri
mountains
length a bargainwas
at
the
valley,
study of
valley;
I have
of the
Them
Pete,
off with
safelyinto
to all
make
would
the
his
and
trail,
interest.
started
great rocks which
frogs,some
the
that
plausibly,
took them
ready answer
experiencein
Yo-Semite
points of
with
in
never
follow the
to
mule-trains
been
had
his
that
them
the
after
panied
accom-
them.
Mr.
the
Hutchings was
grand scenery,
three
one
when
presentlyhis
huge rocks,and, callingthe
to
them
upon
of the
party
Pete,
you
Pete, ever
track
week."
of
"
said,
another,we
us
three
Those
call the
in amazement
told
the
discoursing
upon
'
they were
of the
sons
per-
the
; for he
^
which
Brothers.'
up,
ready,answered, "Hang
Hutchings'snames
these
rocks
huge
and
no
"
lie
One
cried, Why,
"
Missouri
it!
of
caught
attention
Three
looked
eye
beauties
one
Sisters." "
can
changes them
keep
every
TO
And
no
these
popular
significance
have
been
to
been
handed
each
of
word
"
at
had
Indian
the
most
is
which
it
thing
17
to
^^
Ho-ham-e-ta,^^
him,
"
a
it
great
would
!
is
have
which
had
and
generation,
to
retained,
have
often
names
appropriateness
pronounces
awful
generation
some
Yo-Semite/'
Indian
old
and
better
much
the
from
down
which
the
How
preserved
change,
do
iiames
all.
193
PACIFIC.
THE
And
Anglicized
and
grizzly
the
even
it
;
for
signifies
bear.
XXL
CHAPTER
Canon.
Nevada
Trees
and
Flat
and
Ride
back
We
again
grand
early,and
rose
towards
(foryou
have
ready, I
off to
was
see
clearness
spreads out
clearness
over
of
the
peculiar beauty
by
to
Watkins
go
was
of
the
the
upon
water,
to
those
character.
of
San
Stage-
then
the
before
the
charge
of
mule, ^sculapius,
in the
its
towering
face, and
Long
sky.
that
the
appreciated by
their
river.
absolute
atmosphere, give
and
Crane
among
to
The
Francisco
these
fine
The
quiet
meadows, together with
effects in great truthfulness.
194
of
troupes,under
reflections
the
The
"
tramp
a
best
is
blue
in
Trees.
Big
some
debris
the
"
Merced.
of
height
the
upon
to
Gentry's.
to
up
of
Flowers, Shrubs,
The
"
enjoyed
foot
great
up
guides) was
made
the
to
trees
up
looking
Grove
Coulterville
through
Trail
The
"
Tuolumne
Their
climbing
and
Valley.
South
old
rocks.
party
the
of
Falls.
Nevada
and
Vernal
"
the
treme
ex-
as
it
great
reflections
photographs
reproduce
these
ATLANTIC
THE
"When
the rest of the
distance
some
TO
are
We
AND
three
Our
the
flows
pleasingof
main
at
the
lies up
way
The
river.
had
we
wandered
to
us
FALLS;
valleyproper
begin.
canons
wliere
from
the
takes
NEVADA
the most
among
leave
up;
the trail which
up
VERNAi;.
which
party came
195
PACIFIC.
THE
all the waterfalls.
point where
the
middle
in
Merced,
Yo-Semite, makes
feet in two
descent
a
miles
;
of
and, besides
have
the two
falls mentioned.
and,
after
ride
ette,which
a
is
of
quitea
the
or
the
thousand
two
follow
we
the
up
the
cross
more,
Here
stream.
into
roaringcascades,we
We
mile
a
than
more
one,
coming
above, down
high mountain-plateau
the
the
Illilou-
over
go
river,
mense
im-
an
deposit of huge angular granite blocks,which,
undoubtedly, have
some
tearing
rate.
We
received
the
Indians
called
the
and
trail
which
soon
at
of
name
Pl-unj-ach, or
has
some
fall is four hundred
; for the
of its
arrived
popular
the
mountains
rises very
bed, must
the
first
Vernal,
great body
of
you
flow at
ceive,
perful
fear-
a
fall,which
has
but
the
which
Sparkling Water,
appropriateness.The
feet,as
by
rapidly,and
surging river,which
the inclination
from
from
torn
great ice-floe. The
follows the
name
been
nearlyas
water
which
a
"
height
can
flows
be
over
of
ured
meas-
this
196
ATLANTIC
THE
the
squarely-cutstep/'as
it
into spray, which
rises
nearlyhalf
As
upon
this
give
to
"
the
shines
sun
which
produced,
beauty. One
loves
up the rocks
within
fall
side.
on
every
Around
the
Por
a
Fall.
This
than
is
the
lip of the
and
upon
the
alone
our
in
high, and
is
^^
Cap
has
our
the
a
collection
of
valuable
in
a
rocks,
volume
as
trees
to
of
water
It
names,
Liberty."
Two
vdiich
of
edge
to
talus
of
the
or
all directions
feet
the
near
grow
high ;
and
three hundred
feet.
rock, which
stands
two
but that
spot,a largeslide took place,which
being
given
in
is about
days
the
it falls upon
falls descends
mass
Nevada
up
is
fall is six hundred
huge
steep trail,
very
way
is thrown
great
grandeur.
several
and,
;
spray
This
left rises
of
a
projectingrock,just at
the
among
its
a
foot,the
river between
To
make
of water
foot of the fall.
the
the
be very
fall,a whirling motion
volume
at
the
by
covers
here
miles,by
two
grand sight,the
a
large; and by
debris
spot, climbing
plants.
very
central
are
exquisite
is thrown
the moisture
sharp ridge,we
along
rainbows
this
would
the fall.
as
scene
which
spray
made, which
be
little more
a
whole
plants thrive; and
could
this class of
the
high
as
lingerabout
to
is broken
canon,
beautiful
fall,
the
where
falls,
cryptogamous
mosses
in
were
thousand
feet
generallyadopted
before
we
visited
the
levelled great trees,
TO
filled up
with
and, for
gorges,
flyingstones
covered
with
We
have
which
The
Snow
one
asked
and
he
visited
found
in Nevada
where
As
his wife.
Mr.
Snow
succeed
there
were
knew
in
a
And
Greenwood
and
Whoever
any
the East
seen
more
John
17*
"
and
those
between
man.
is
a
them
Although
little
inn, Mrs.
baked
beans
"
"-
all seemed
scenes
valley should
of the
other white
the
the
;
comes
Snow
was.
the
at
; and
Muir,
was
only
people happy.
again?
sublimityof
"
Drew
here, and
(Mrs. Lippincott)was
visits the
acquaintedwith
than
the like
see
it
too
and
;
"
which
tone
hundred
enough
people from
has
a
those
"I'll be
deliberation,
so
all
making
all
the beauties
who
they were
kept by Albert
is
where
utmost
and
than
shall I
Grace
many
in
more
gave
when
ducing
pro-
approached the house, some
w^e
the
Vermont.
they
"
rock where
lunch
Yankee, and his wife is Yankee
Snow
grand,yet
as
be
to
canon.
we
if he
!"
if I know
Old
from
chanced
picturesquespots than
more
no
repliedwith
darned
scene
thing
every
their feet.
little house
and
the
who
fear ; for the very
have
we
have
to-day we
described
extreme
under
around,filled the air
granite-dust.Those
here at the time
shook
rods
many
and
;
197
PACIFIC.
THE
scholar
valleyand
to drink
them.
about
find
and
in
and
become
enthusiast,
adjacent country
Visitingthe valleyabout
198
four
ATLANTIC
THE
he
ago,
years
became
and
business,and
for three
book
Our
evenings
the clock
to
The
struck
the
enough
It
made,
and
first white
in
selected
has
he
set
trees, has
He
is
few
a
of years,
He
the
an
a
and,
;
that
the
from
Mr.
made
few
so
served,
I ob-
more
Muir
facts
Agassiz, that
with
been
valley,and
theories
person
the
have
gorges
ended
we
made
a
of
must
acres
be
to
man
valley.
as
has
passed
out
and
the
are
He
seen,
take
scientific
our
thorough
ination
exam-
cultivated
a
up
1860
a
and
strawberry-patch,
man.
intelligent
John
Mr.
;
Lamon,
and,
valley
for
year
in the
fine
orchard
raises
some
a
who
dence
resi-
permanent
the
into
the entire
been
result.
came
early as
all
immense
by
far, only superficialglances have
crude
Another
believe
to
night
one
valley advanced
the
; and
arose
strange
seems
for,so
;
was
doubts
and
discussion.
of
satisfyme
here ;
well succeeded.
before
morning
formation
visited the
have
the
up
reading this great
cabin;
instructive
did
deep ploughed
ice-floes.
men
in
most
residence
he has
; and
three
obtained
were
"been
in his little
never
more
has
he says
of the
theory
he
its
closed
home,
permanent
spent
a
was
me
by Whitney
such
we
his
up
now,
years,
nature," as
of
what
took
impressed with
returned
he
grandeur and sublimity,that
his
much
so
and
number
Yo-Semite.
of
apple-
vegetables.
200
THE
sible with
be made
or
trail,
any
We
Rest
and
opinion that
of
the
the
over
with
it
snow,
portionis
turned
togetherin
the
weight
late
from
in both
a
of
to
filled with
; and
health
to
cross
in
we
get
at
last
the
and
before
covered
least
is
frozen
brought
this way,
beds
often
Rocky
morning
sage
pas-
it will sustain
In
ing
dur-
of
snow
deeper,
even
Mountains.
were
came
hour
every
; and
scenery
a
mind, that,as
icy part
valley,we
the
ascents
allow
the
over
go
depth,and
the
the
snows
could
we
for
our
promised ourselves,that, should
permit, we
out
the
reach
to
mountains
its rider.
the
would
satiate ourselves
spot, and
To
and
grandeur of
only regret when
in
mass,
water, and
feet in
stay
the
these
August, they
twenty
our
be borne
finding
pass
to
firmlypacked, that
so
and
enough
whole
the Sierra Nevadas
During
and
into
mule
a
hard
over
the
mass
July
ten
rises
go upon
the
would
new
beauty.
able
attempted
week
It must
warms
of
being
not
had
packed
sun
elements
own
another
crusts.
summer's
the
be
would
snows
year
mountains, without
its
who
those
by
higher Sierras,but
the
and
prevented;
were
with
Year
to
impossibility
an
of the
any
each
it is
disappointedin
were
Cloud's
; and
upon
views, and
new
exertion.
reasonable
any
paths will
ATLANTIC
of the
the river upon
with
valley as
a
again visit
its
we
this
parture
delife
enchanting
glories.
had
flat-bottomed
had
proposed,we
boat,called
"
The
Ferry," and
old El
the
our
make
up
to
four miles
and
our
being about
way
the foot of the hill,and
and
the
than
three thousand
we
view
the
was
of
great
valley,let
of the
the
The
flora.
deliciously
fragrant.
and
are
showy.
very
seen,
and
meadows,
ferns
some
half
In
in
very
a
us
to the
rise of
blossoms
On
and
pause
to
top,
more
take
pleasing flower
swamp-cheese
call
we
both
were
superb
of the river
the banks
whose
grandifloriim,
find Helleniunn
a
most
what
of
masses
whose
(Azcdia occidentalis),
and
Black's
from
vertical
a
sharp
very
of the hill ; the
top
miles and
two
a
by
out
feet.
out
are
By
half
a
equivalentto
ascent
Before
short
it.
the
the face of
brought
was
occupied in passing by
grade we
a
directlyaround
way
size of which
Capitan,the
time
trail
make
201
PACIFIC.
THE
TO
flowers
we
yellow,
are
pond, yellow pond-lilies
little
and, in the
great variety,
peculiarand
rare
swampy
sedges,or
coarse
grasses.
The
spruce
lus
trees
principal
{Alnus viridis)^
Douglas
of Gilead
Balm
(AbiesDouglasii),
poplar(Popu-
(Lihocedrusdecurrens).
Among
Nutkanus^
In
alder
halsamifera),
yellow pine (Pinus ponderosa), the
cedar
wild
are
rose
the
the
shrubs
are
manzanita
the
Cornus
Nuttallii,Rubus
(Arctosta phylos
glauca),the
(Hosa hlanda).
sandy placeswe
have
several
varieties
of
pentste-
202
the
mon,
the
Frangula Callfornica,
lina),the
smaller
less characteristic
we
have
point far
up
on
place,we
a
has
turn
add
a
valley;
the
is
drivingthem,
drove
and
ahead
above
well
christened
us,
Gentry'sby
as
our
is
new
"
the
rode
up
drivers who
and
two,
quiesce.
ac-
ther
far-
is averted
lad who
Mexican
drives
pass
them
in
we
But
safety.
at
are
At
the
they have
always
hunters
the
on
Hotel,"
it will
trail
of the
out
Alta-mont
tourists ; but
is left for
or
danger, which
reached,and
addition,
valley.
cattle,
being driven
Gentry'sStation.
as
worst
little
a
difficulties,
all to
the old ranchers
by
luoman
a
cattle,and
of the hill is
the
a
of tlie parties
one
his horse
allowing us
known
a
all,save
spurs
the
in
into
of the young
of the
will do for Eastern
well
many
reached
parleying,it
some
here
who
have
down
of four wild
quick movements
length the top
as
After
further to
by
house
with
ing
shrubs,cover-
here, just
compromise, for
a
decide ; and
meet
we
into the
rocks
and
we
botanizing,
party coming
a
back.
To
in
flowers
trail ; and
place for
guides to
on
been
our
meet
Here's
gets
(Pteris aqui-
ground in patches.
While
to
brake
Spracjuea umhellata, together
and
the
the
ATLANTIC
THE
which
becalled
of the
bring their stages
region,
this
to
point.
As
tied
we
to
iEsculapiusfor
a
tree,jumped
the
last
time, we
from
our
could
mule,
not
and
resist
TO
pattinghim
of
He
hay.
made
a
the
on
carried
misstep,and
kind
master
back
towards
the
he
shown
him
have
the
with
wishes
best
valley,our
had
obedient
an
always
may
guide led
bunch
a
mile, never
a
many
that
trust
the
us
generallyhad
and, as
;
him
head, and gettingfor
had
disposition.We
203
PACIFIC.
THE
others
with
went
a
that
mule.
This
the
mountain,
Big
or
is the end
Oak
Messrs.
the
of
whether
and
Gentry
by
come
you
After
Flat.
this
carriage-roadon
of
way
side of
Coulterville
good dinner, given
a
Stockird,we
off
were
by
us
our
upon
return-trip.
Seven
consists
miles
of
the
latter
our
team
we
brought
largebarn, two
a
the
being
obliged to
were
inn
Flat.
sheep, took
good
the
which
had.
there
can
was
but, as
;
Although
still
finding a
allowed
us
we
made
table
up
in the
to use,
we
our
and
of
to
saloon,which
penned
one
of
be
Mr.
our
after
with
us
Enough
to
eat
partitions,
you
arranging
minds
Ann
Mrs.
beds
place uninviting
a
As
looks
care
few
buildingshave
in
difficulty
perceivesome
large company.
way,
the
she
saloon ;
day before,
her husband
his fifteen thousand
accommodations
the
night ;
while
a
village
travellers.
of
resort
over
The
houses, and
their drive
by
stay
keeps the
Gobin, who
frame
popular
tired out
was
Crane
to
us
in
for
a
every
satisfied;and
Hurst
former
kindly
chapters,
204
ATLANTIC
THE
made
and
"
been
to
put
for this.
notes
our
The
the
uses/' according to
baser
doubt, had
table,no
of
custom
the country.
We
Trees
Big
retired
we
Gobin
An
the
To
surroundinghills.
just as
entered
we
guide
our
at
"
trees
stand
sheltered
beauty
of
by
the
any
others.
feet in
diameter.
among
ing,
morn-
watch
of
of the
walk,
our
Sequoia were,
! for
this way
this
done
have
hard
a
there's
the
are
a
There
must
The
good
?
same
amply repaid me.
one,
so
hill,in
the
those
largeas
specimens, which
some
and
in
way"
northerlyslope of
form, symmetry,
tree, which
partly-burned
three
interest
"keep
the
still there
soon
light of
keeping
position
; and, although not
Mariposa,
be
to
feelinglike encountering one
did
you
upon
were
gray
the
to
morning,
seven.
we
the
Keep
not
we
at
forest where
tramp, although
My
a
and,
Wouldn't
earnest.
The
"
;
fellows,
these
the
out,
sang
hole
grizzly's
add
the
ging
arran-
announced
was
huge sentinels
like
seemed
and,
:
in
us
; and
in
which,
sugar-pines,
them
see
stage to be off
uncommonly earlystart
the tall
of
breakfast
early; for
ready at six,and
to
of
miles
of three
circuit
a
conduct
to
Grove
Tuolumne
within
resolved
we
Master
with
South
the
situated
was
place,and
this
of
told that
were
healthfulness,are
is
have
trees
stump
a
been
axe
some
for
passed
unsur-
left of
a
twenty-
^onjewhat
scat^
tered,but
than
the
well
are
could
we
road, which
where
rising,and
rather
to
home,
at
what
had
went
eat
the stage
By
the
the way,
California
S. Harris
had
them
so
Our
the
is
a
Joaquin Valley.
as
a
a
a
the
worst
at hand.
18
not,
for
sights;
we
of vegetation.
ready
were
sittingupon
friend
our
Daniel
the
necticutCon-
to
imagine,a surprise
around
built
continual
in the
become
What
us
fear
the
his
meet
sides of
to the
down
is,that
A
met
will
few
an
they do
miles
San
will
one
oppositedirection
facts.
place,we
"
had
accompanied by
steep grade,takes
fears
was
magnificent
they
were
we
was
way,
One's
early
homes.
our
narrow
rule,one's
dilemma
"
a
specimens
but
up
He
can
you
carriagecoming
seemingly
for my
me
such
house,
door.
drive
from
far away
hills,
and, by
meet
as
to
party had
our
Mass., presidentof
Springfield,
it was,
road
all
such
the
to
termed
evening,while
should
out
way
breakfast,and
to the
last
of
and
back
see
see
our
E-ailroad ?
wife;
our
trees, and
to
but can't
came
piazza,who
the
examination
completed through
late, as
they
seen
we
Nevertheless,
when
made
followed
-we
loss of
we
breakfast,"
we
We
Although they bantered
breakfasted.
and
extended
more
recently been
has
arrived
we
a
them.
section,which
this
can
worthy
give
205
PACIFIC.
THE
TO
;
and,
on,
in
up-stage. A
?
"
cried the
206
ladies ;
and
troubled
the
and
drivers
of
perplexed.
to
the
gave
then
he
; then
wheels
he
the
horses
it up
to
by;
the
the
horses
the
In
this
drawn
turnouts;
that it
in
the
but
only made
paths, here
and
would
the
there
valley,sometimes
frequentlyis
very
skeleton
is
seen
Bower
of
telling
noon
Cave
formation.
we
seen
way,
the
reached
of
carcass
has
been
toilsome
road
a
is
this
a
plan
nicely,
so
all mountainof
a
stage
feet below
roadside
horse
or
or
in
; and
mule,
ing
killed,its whiten-
journeys.
Pechart's
This
the
went
better
hundred
by
road,
the
each
some
the wreck
many
a
is located.
The
be
overturned
which, failingby the
About
valleyseveral
any
slightdelay. Along
a
holding
us
upon
knights managed
our
pass
stage passed slowly
mountains, where
vehicle, sometimes
some
the
into
;
of the
two
of
again
up
stage,
our
passengers
attached, the people seated, and
great undertaking, there
of
half-dozen
a
horses,
get out, and
position,our
i^^-stage was
by
carriagealong with
tumbling do\yn
it
his
the
of
one
his wagon
bank, and
the
Except
on.
drew
feet.
of
charge
people in
prevent
hundred
drove
the
for
rights;
to
the
between
unhitch
the
down
words
few
to
in
they
A
incidents,looked
up-stage began
them
had
sucli
to
things
put
accomplishingwhich,
and
unused
men,
seemed
driver
on
ATLANTIC
THE
cave
rock, having been
Ranch, upon
is
worn
in
a
away
which
limestone
by
sub-
208
in
1850, left Germany, and
Unsuccessful
as
to his trade
as
shop
and
some
of the
his finest
(forhe
here
which
have
been
to the
near
woods, which
we
sent
into
he fashions
Europe
over
distance.
a
which
trees
saw
found.
ever
orders from
he receives
be
to
in his little
and,
;
attention
entirelyalone),we
in wood
finest work
insure
in the
reachingMerced
our
afternoon,it was
We
had
a
give
him
exquisiteforms,
here
to have
The
which
the
decent
a
part
of
out
came
entered
About
our
way
hotel for travellers
well
to trouble
hot
was
of the foot-hills
is
on
us
and
a
few
our
with
a
opened,
plaint,
general com-
do well
would
route
by their road.
before
way
heat ; but
dusty and
miles
is
not
south
the
the
sun
latter
tedious.
We
of where
we
them.
one
Snelling,the
Merced
of that
us
to arrange
better house
guests receive
managers
earlystart got
high enough
a
experience
our
one
every
train
by five,a.m.
start
and, from
advise
night until
over
for the treatment
and
should
;
for the
time
in
arranged to
breakfast
meagre
we
Coulterville,
to remain
was
lives
his
boxes,tables,canes, "c.
To
at
again turned
of his handiwork
remains
Mariposa country.
in nice woods
worker
this country ; and
and
of
a
to the
came
miner, he
a
house
Specimens
He
ATLANTIC
THE
o'clock
seat
River,which
we
drove
the
livelyvillageof
County, situated
of Merced
is here
into
a
beautiful
river,and
on
the
would
THE
TO
furnish
it.
found
dinner
what
is often
in
seen
"tidal
A
this
the
lield to the
cable,attached
large pulleywhich
secured;
it
being held,carries
The
men,
apparatus
one
a
post when
away
the
from
driver to
near
the
were
train
promise
of
from
the
loss of
reach
a
18*
and
stay
the
boat
the
hawsers, is
in which
The
hawsers
and
down,
it
oppositebank.
not
was
two
his
at
house,a long distance
deal
of noise
when
his
our
he
dinner.
from
our
plained
com-
came,
This
delay
train at Merced.
the driver,by
especially
over
cityof
regular
Merced
night.
Without
we
wages,
just
a
the
as
the
only the politenessof
over
is
boat
managed by
was
a
the
across
cable.
boatman
who,
up,
allowance
an
to
us
a
is called
the
justright,
in his
took
taken
starting;
saved
the
horses,and
our
enabled
was
up, but
costingus
By urging
the
along
As
the fellow
being
a
ferryas
a
and
tackle-block
a
swiftlytowards
river,it
rouse
of
came
drove
get
miles out,
stretched
pushing the
Chinaman.
we
is
crude ; the boat
was
few
here,and
of ropes
by
the current
and
to
for
place,this
such
was
seldom
means
rolls
It
stream, headed
the
is pushed into
of the
saw
and, a
place,
cable
stout
river ; and
a
good place
a
ferry.
a
boat,by
demand
any
hotel.
Europe, but
ferry."
was
little we
from
away
the river upon
crossed
House
good home-like
a
hurried
We
Gait
the
and, from
;
be
must
if there
good water-power
We
209
PACIFIC.
ductor
con-
look
at
210
any
body
the
cars,
or
and
As
"
In this
valley,a
cut, leaving the
During
our
acquaintanceof
Brothers, among
have
valley,who
ten
thousand
flour-mill
make
information
so
in
would
The
down
Mr.
C. J.
the
Cressy,of
largestfarmers
in wheat
had
heads
either side
on
as
the
the
climate
sections,a
fail in another
firm
and
millers
little
attention
and, by
From
the
a
Mr.
Cressy we
cultivation
of
Cressy
mode
found
the
in
than
more
sheep,run
to
gained
of wheat
much
in
successful
a
ness,
busi-
their
soil of California
and
the
formed
we
six thousand
some
own
regarding
soil of this
covered
was
the
now
Modesto,
to
this year
it i^y.
different
"
land
standing
straw
Modesto,
valley; but, as
exclaim,
sky."
the
the
ago,
which
from
ride
acres,
at
for
reach.
could
eye
weeks
few
been
the
but
not
which,
in
country
extendingto
waste
grassy
ripened wheat,
as
level,and
"
with
far
towards
way
leagues forsaken lie,
Level
A
our
stage into
plain,so
could
lived,we
had
weeks, we
two
the
from
character
on
the vast
over
of the
out
line.
main
join the
we
different in
again
soon
were
again looked
we
tumbled
thing,we
any
Lathrop, where
so
ATLANTIC
THE
this
varies
here
place.
valleylooks
like
sand, and is,in fact,
TO
into dust
ground
granite,
The
Yo-Semite.
of
he
for.
immediately behind
the
Nothing
grain is ripe,and
and
plant to
and
this
almost
plan,year
a
heads
of
of the
grain. The
dragging it ;
a
which
leaves the
and
roll, at
it till the
to
They plough
the
first
sowing ;
When
the
field.
This
simply clipsoff
it
push
grain is
follows
carried
an
upon
alongsideof
the
apron
header
carried to convenient
are
the
along, instead
-,
piles,
bags,and
into
the
clean, and which
grain perfectly
the
time
sent
John
the
valley,and,
The
ground
the
Mitchell,the
between
to
harvest.
(earlyin October),and
owns
seeders,also drawn
steam-engine is driving a threshing-machine,
interfere with
Mr.
and
through the
horses
full,the heads
where
and, by
the
which
wagon,
and, when
once
and
ploughs ;
is followed.
year,
sists
con-
as
harvest.
which
great cutting-machine,
into the
at
the
as
as
many
is done
header
a
has
their
start
ripening of
after
run
farmer
more
the
plough just
to
seed, cover,
ready for
grainis ripe,they
is
the
the
gang-plough
follow the
drop
time.
same
each
They
them
by horses, which
A
begin.
of these
find teams
can
is,to begin
rains
; and
seven
the ice-floe whicli made
by
custom
the autumn
as
soon
211
PACIFIC.
THE
fiftyand
this year,
had
is
Here
market.
straw
is
put
rains
no
is all burned
off;
cleared,the rains begin
ploughs are
started.
largest farmer
sixty thousand
in
California,
acres
raisingthirtythousand
in
this
acres
212
ATLANTIC
THE
in wheat
is divided
ranch
His
alone.
different sizes ; and
upon
each
and
whom
he
rancher,
a
the
one-half
has
he
in his
He
which
bushels
by
well
per
wheat,
very
the
acre, and
Before
of
had
in
the
to
was
to
house
domainhis
; and
fiftythousand
a
of
this
valleywill
acre
;
and
seeded
few
we
train
I
at
will
little
ranchos
yieldtwenty
The
price
two
cents
more.
speak, was
too
was
Modesto,
spend Sunday
reached
become
train
and
; while
much
it
Lathrop
Sacramento.
Sacramento,
but
although those
instances
which
be
ended
soon
the home
at his
of Mr.
house, and
own
the ranchos.
till Monday
I
riding
ranch.
long waiting,the
towards
ranches,
his vast
and
conversation
interesting
arrival
return
per
time
the
at
Gressy, who
then
takes
in
gentleman
a
barns,
bays, from
on
hundred
two
ploughed
at the
pound
Our
bushels
ten
were
be
to
in
yield
average
than
per
will be
work
of
his lands.
dollars from
The
said
small
his time
of fine
team
a
directingthe
and
this year
more
by
bachelor,and
a
income
of
drawn
spends
and
seed, and
or
sections,
and
sections
houses
furnishes
these
hundred,
a
buggy,
is
Of
crop.
about
house,
to
to
has
he
into
came
I had
dark
was
which
up
decided
all the
attached
to their Eastern
rest
"
was
to
"
;
to
were
homes.
and,
some
to
take
to
stop
after
at
a
us
ton
Stock-
of whom
push
on
to
TO
It
only
was
train,
the
friends
in
I
away,
felt
and
all
into
and
shall
Long
desire
Muir
out
dh't
the
read
in
such
our
is
far
summer
that
thought
was
gers,
stran-
among
!
the
hotel
repair
to
in
appeared
moved
moistened
at
soon
better
train
home
away
rents
great
trip
my
greater
among
grand
city,
were
first
for
remember
now
we
with
together
irresistibly
far-off
speeding
the
so
manj'-
character
out
As
tear
a
found
all
our
tions,
direc-
plenty.
was
I
in
buss,
and
bring
a
I
left
leave
to
Journeying
found.
that
condition,
dilapidated
during
"
;
whom
I
as
me
with
thrown.
will
I
a
over
contrast
ever
friends
my
Grand
"
have
and
came
such
days
lonely,
so
Jumping
named
I
ISTight,
eye.
my
for
where
any
in
and,
;
Philadelphia,
necessity
stage-coach
than
my
of
are
you
a
and
and
Stockton
to
sadness
of
Boston
kind,
uniformly
miles
feeling
a
from
whom
few
a
213
PACIFIC.
THE
hook
scenery.
than
those
of
to
the
before
Yo-Semite
to
wonders,
Nature
which
go
and
j
and
stay
with
lies
and
Mr.
spread
CHAPTER
Stockton.
A
"
California.
to
It would
flowers
In
In
San
the
Season
are
seen
to such
in
seen
of
covered
feet,it
ride
All
of,say,
California
prevailingto
a
are
them."
214
out
The
brilliant
to let
us
know
At
an
earlyspring;
ground
snow
:
and, at
still
ing
cover-
plant-lifeare
flowers
of the
color,the
that
rest.
midsummer;
was
the
in
plants
at
were
gradations in
days.
very
of
found.
flowers.
great extent, seemingly, as
prettilysaid,"
under
two
feet,it
Sierras.
; the
was
bright
Trip
beautiful
are
autumn
winter, the
was
these
seasons
a
Journey.
the
seed, and
with
the
the
among
distance,it
just pushing
earth.
a
short
was
their
of, say, five thousand
thousand
in
a
was
plants were
the
journey
a
make
to
describe
to
Joaquin Valley, it
the earth
seven
Year
of the
of
Expenses
"
elevation,all the
an
the mountains
elevation
Joaquin.
pleasingtask
a
blossomed, produced
and
the
be
San
the
down
The
"
which
going
had
Up
Trip
XXII.
Grace
tains
moun-
yellow
wood
Green-
yellow gold
is
216
ATLANTIC
THE
Once
flows.
its trade
away,
and
under
water.
by
Frenchman,
a
takes
the
good
city
The
and
I
early the
would
a
at which
we
who
his
calls
in
morning
next
that it
was
"
a
that I took
"
Grand/'
with
should
after
slip of
The
and
I
as
lodged is kept
are
room
If
well
cloud,"as
house
neat
a
fairly-servedfood.
know
to say
care
house
it has dwindled
now
under
"
seems
of you,
care
cooked
rose
large; but
was
fairlythat
say
arrival,you
my
"
the pen
I
so
:
take
exti^emely
fashionableeleven-
an
o'clock breakfast.
Finding
commissioner
he
where
to hear
The
friend, the
my
of
publicschools,we
but
officiated,
a
by
found
afternoon
any
future
the
It is
to
so
of its
which
had
city,where
west
formed
anticipate a
by
will command
begin
the
and
the
the
to
the
overflow
Sacramento, and
injured
I cannot
It
large city.
has
not
in
stretch
These
great
of
set
sun-
of the
away
tide-lands
rivers
consist
is too
at
extremity
western
see
itself any
prosperity. Just
horizon.
of the
and
cit}^,
present prosperity
which
^^z^Ze-lands,
very
the
unhealthy, that
so
wandered
to
Joaquin
ill humor
in
were
church
badly situated,so
and
Sacramento, the capital,
we
the
around
strolling
me
and
railroads,
elements
Fitzgerald,ex-
attended
we
own
notions
growth.
good reasons
near
the
must
Mr.
sermon.
tryingto gather some
and
E"ev.
called
to
are
San
soft,porous
soil,
thoroughlysaturated with
make
which
all of which
deep,hut
the
country
the
rush
have
of
custom
a
river ; and
An
the State.
to allow
sufficiently
the next
it is fit for
season
satisfactory
crops
better
Francisco
and
found
of wheat
The
market.
I know
to go
be destined
We
acres,
of
no
rivallingthose
of the
experiments being
now
into such
be
to
a
gorgeous
19
of its
patronage
around
planting.
dries up
the
raisingvegetablesfor
is done
work
power
the
sunset
that
told
was
been raised ; but the farms
had
they are
in,and
turned
I
of
number
a
season
one
being
country,and
fit them
and
the
could
exposed ;
which
the
survive
but
San
the
Chinamen
by
other class of laborers who
lingereduntil
the most
for
adapted
of disease to which
vast
of the
; and
the water
keeping out
of acres,
the
and
acres,
the
dike is made
immense
river has
banks
reclaimingthese lands,under
tried of
the soil
are
of
steamboat-hands
along
fires
prairies.There
Western
seem
firingthem
soil,is
height
a
the
vast
dry,the
they have
then
attains
quite
Covering
in the porous
these
somewhat
become
plantshave
drained
has
slu."
"
August, when
In
eightfeet.
low, and
become
title
the
have
bayous
are
of them
lands,many
which
(tu-la),
tide
There
water.
miles,and growing
for
called
five to
from
far into these
up
217
PACIFIC.
THE
TO
they
;
be
dangers
to
seem
shall reclaim
these
for cultivation.
sun
we
went
ever
down,
looked
and
upon.
we
beheld
Talk
of
218
the
Italian
those which
with
The
!
sunsets
Indian-summer
in the
are
toward
the
beams
which
During
Asylum,
time
!
the
stay
our
the
in
visit,there
of
our
the
insanityin
of the
to
which
;
all
sank
in
this
shot
far
up
who
the
than
enabled
asylum
to
;
in
lead to
2d, Business
Dr.
make
and,
the
there
That
in
Titus,
tended
ex-
an
company
wards, and
people live,
is
a
consequent
The
insanityin
losses ;
dred
hun-
thirteen
stocks,produces terrible
system.
evident.
world.
the
in
of
development.
which
under
over-excitement,and
the
larger number
a
of
Insane
visited the
By politenessof
gamble
nervous
aggravatedby
the east.
more
were
all its forms
is very
nerve-power,
causes
Sol
visited all the A^arious
we
great excitement
tendency
offers its innumerable
institution
were
of
Langdon,
especiallythose
wrecks
compared
of these rivers.
were
city,we
institution.
examination
The
beams
similar
any
physicianin charge,we
beheld
old
collected
were
The
Dr.
As
morning brings from
in
with
be
to catch the rising
zenith,seeminglystriving
where
at
the banks
England
all increasing
reflectors,
scene.
parting
New
in
the lands
many
patients than
day
those
they cannot
"
upon
so
the
his
mist,
of
sea
of
rises from
particlesas
brilliancyof
tell
seen
which
moisture
the
ATLANTIC
THE
climatic
waste
physiciansgive
the
the
sipation
State,as, 1st, Dis-
3d, Homesickness
climate,and, of
of
course,
; and
developing
TO
readilyin
more
greatlyovercrowded
the insane
how
with
persons
the disease than
towards
it is considered
When
it
how
and
the male
both
of
female
the
shown
patients,
buildings are
placedin
To
Dr.
the
we
or
are
attention
; and
as
hearing so
5 but
complain,save
what
patientsthan
more
cared
for.
they
will
; and
If any
be
I must
was
could
of my
be
Drs. Ditus
and
the
nightly
dormitories.
the
York
have
should
asjdums),
that there
it
were
conveniently
visit Stockton,
visit to
Langdon
of
little of which
properlyand
a
part
discovered
saw
"
in
entirely
cruelty(ofwhich
evident,
readers
amply repaid
of
to ward
any
say that I
too
comfort
are
into
ward
neglect in their duties,I should
doubt
cots
in the New-
much
the
this,too, when
expected,if, on
not
ments
departto
witness
the
in
great obligationsfor his
from
went
we
all the
to
and
sibility
respon-
all the wards
bear
attendants,there had been
now
without
to
visited
must
under
am
State.
for this
properlycare
asjdums,and
and
is the
great
halls,transformingthem
I
is
question
the
for in
overcrowded, that
unannounced, and when
various
to
throughout;
so
Langdon
courtesies
serious
very
how
administration,I
generalorder,neatness,
institution
great is the floatingpopulation,
Having
class of unfortunates.
The
cared
California
restingnpon
a
be
understood
be
can
it is
to
are
hereditarytendency
an
others.
in
; and
poor
219
PACIFIC.
THE
this
will be found
tion
instituto
bo
220
THE
skilled in
the
of the
arts
stay at Stockton
Our
whose
those
journey to
formed
and
ourselves,
from
to
dear New
talking of
our
found
we
both
place new
a
ing
meet-
on
they were
as
citytheir home,
pleasurein lookingabout
as
had
State ; and
this
pleasantby
very
acquaintancewe
now
well
mind.
made
was
the Golden
East, making
well
agreeablegentleman, as
science of the human
in the
as
ATLANTIC
the
much
them,
England
as
so
far away.
The
P.M., for San
past two,
sail down
As
stepped on
we
passed
familiar
a
we
discovered
was
the
captain.
spoke to him,
who
had
board
the
that
and
made
river,at
many
the
hills :
plying those
and
to be
chat
with
able
sea, their
to
head
the
As
after
with
to be
every
of which
It
one
who
tell him
the
positions,
of
the
an
we
the
distant,
face"
familiar
old
rock
Sound
New
from
many
was
knew
miles
and
a
vessels
who
of his
to
of
my
old
which
her
upon
still
are
now
to
of the
shoal
pleasingincident
the land
many
pilot,
York
sits Providence
he also remembered
waters.
six
trip
a
many
thought
opportunity offered,we
as
him
found
resolved
starting down
of
"man
soon
had
we
boat, we
river,some
the
Providence,familiar
; and
Joaquin.
face ; and
towards
"slough"
dailyat thirtyminutes
Francisco
the San
enjoy a
to
Stockton
leaves
steamer
to
sit
birth,and
comrades
they were
at
at-
TO
and
taclied,
each.
to
come
of the
and
Cunningham
late before
I
the
of the
mud
the main
river ; and
steamer
the
often
"
so
the
upon
the
turn
in
wader
a
could step from
you
shallow
so
made
that
the
great "^rass" fields;for seemingly the
would
we
through the
The
all
see
the
crooked, and
we
"
around
sloughs so
boats in the rivers
which
We
one
empty
the
being
sailing
were
the
the
double
; for often
acted
it would
be
could
they
turn, unless
other
zontal
hori-
pivot upon
as
the boat.
several stops at
reclaimingthese
at sundown
keel
ships
river
propelledby
are
make
wheel, while
to turn
made
the
through
way
the
us,
"
grass.
to
impossibility
work
our
numerous,
engines,drivingside-wheels
an
dry
of all crooked
crooked
these
which
the
stream,
drag
mud,
was
sharp
and
would
in
C.
and, at
so
high
into
out
most
banks, then
the
wharf
a
"
went
that
narrow
It
slough,narrow,
then, by
shoot
by
M.
Gate.
steamer
bank, we
the
at
had
Capt.
Cornelia."
''
up
unnavigable;and
uj^on the
streams,
wake
go down
we
stern
remember
the little steamer
to
retired,
six miles
low water,
that
I
shall
which
fortunes
had
sits at the Golden
citywhich
For
and
good
Long
221
PACIFIC.
THE
we
two
19*
lands
came
was
out
placeswhere
being
into
carried
Suisun
great rivers Sacramento
the
on
Bay,
and
work
; and
into
San
of
just
which
Joaquin,
222
ATLANTIC
THE
back, have
several miles
which,for
and
dividing their waters,
land
plainlyfrom
We
other.
the
river
one
make
only a
sloopsand
landing here, and
a
Monte
Diabalo, the discoveryof which
date.
From
San
Pablo
Suisun
to the
Bay
found
Morning
Ba}^,our
back
me
While
we
in
observed
be
to
in
A
soiled.
to have
fatigues of
back, let
clothes
give
me
of the
the rays
than
of
to
springis
a
lower
found.
they
are
you
wherever
Always
surer
do
you
choose
footed.
not
may
have
a
descend
not
a
rules
afraid
not
bit of cracker
a
all,never
city comforts,
that
but
your
high
the
of
a
cool,
tive
produc-
drinking
from
wear
air is
often
are
mule, instead
Above
be, assured
the
congestionof
suddenly,as
one
the effect.
Do
few
neck, wear
your
Avoid
with
allaythirst
snow-water, and
a
altitudes
injuriouseffects.
very
ney
jour-
Over
boots.
for,although
5
at those
sun
our
shirt is desirable ; and
woollen
silk handkerchief
again
mountains.
are
you
shoulders,and tied quitetightlyabout
white
a
the
which
English walking-shoes,rather
a
through
described.
before
travelling among
warml}^,but
Dress
and
Yo-Semite
to the
quiterecent
House.
the
resting from
are
the
coal from
Francisco,and
San
the Lick
comfortablyquarteredat
in
lies down
I have
to
in
is of
see
you
steamers
take
course
city,as
that
low
so
stripof
narrow
much
until
altitude
lungs
horse,as
complain
be
nothing is
is
cause
be-
contented
had
with-
224
experienceis the
safe
guide to
that
at, and
"
whose
wants
of the
the best
"
ride
to
amounts
reduced
are
"
be
who
a
lieves
be-
cheapestplace to stop
market, although he
his hotel bill denominated
upon
simple,but
block,and
a
figureswill
my
are
first-class hotel is the
a
hack
a
best teaclier ; and
one
wants
calls
The
ATLANTIC
THE
has
never
extras
"
item
an
sundries."
"
or
never
to currency.
EXPENSES.
Boston
San
Francisco, and
For
car-tickets from
For
(Pullman cars)
sleeping-berths
For
meals
For
Salt
Lake
For
three
days' board
For
City,and
at
to
return
to
return,
$286
CO
32
00
40
00
Ogden
6
$4
00
12
00
65
00
35
00
20
00
150
00
Francisco, $3 per day (in gold),and
for porters, hacks, and horse-car rides,$1 more
(parlors
and
in San
weeks
two
fires extra)
For
the
For
San
Jose
For
the
Yo-Semite, and
Geysers,and
and
(4days)
return
Clara
Santa
return
(3 days)
(2 weeks), including
all
charges
For
travel upon
For
hack-rides
same
the railroads
of California
the
are
charges
payable in gold.
service,and
to
five
Oakland, Alameda, Mare
Raphael,
For tripsin
times
For
mile
per
our
.05
...
for
own
the short
sions
excur-
Island, Vallejo,San
"c
25
Southern
00
150
00
Tahoe
50
00
For
Virginia city (Nevada)
30
00
For
Colorado, Denver, Golden, Idaho
For
Lakes
Donner
at
weeks
and
Black
California
Hawk
(Los Angeles)
and
Springs,and
the mining-country
Central, allowing
two
200
00
whicli data it is
From
the chief
that
seen
interest in
pointsof
dollars ; and
eighthundred
225
PACIFIC.
THE
TO
a
round
trip,
including
will
California^,
hundred
twelve
he
can
spent by includingNevada, Colorado,and
and
these
Eor
few
a
after my
days
I felt rather tired ; but,
former
given in
We
had
been
when
suffered
for
much
5
they said
in
all advised
no
sudden
a
was
day
That
reached,
years
So you
a
"
over,
many
great wave
East, overpowering so
swept
over
the West
Friday,about
noon,
in
the
parlor.
and
by
was
said
sundown
in
many
By
all parts of the
San
Jose
and
96"
warmer,
record
a
higher than
of heat
dress,
soon.
come
from
in
next
which
of eleven
before.
ever
swept
over
change
we
an
did
come,
hour,
had
a
the
great cities,also
our
unprecedentedfierceness.
suddenly; for,seeminglyin
needed,
mometer
ther-
of
Napa City 107",and
the
mer,
sum-
19, the
change
higherfigurethan
showed, and
see, the
at
of
one
winter-clothing,
change would
pouring
State of great heat, as
104".
have
Fahrenheit,which, for this
and, dressed
telegramscame
noon
usual cool weather
to 92"
but
:
fully
was
results of which
Wednesday morning, June
extreme
;
chapters.
suddenlyrose
city,was
time
nevertheless,
my
enjoyingthe
on
Utah
the Yo-Semite
from
return
occupiedin studyingthe city,the
been
ably
profit-
omitted.
to be
placesought not
about
cost
an
fire
and
overcoat
in
the
On
indeed
was
hotel
226
ATLANTIC
THE
This
more
is their
with
even,
And
weather
summer
rains
of
TO
few
weeks
till March
they
mud
have
weather.
winter
short
Instead
by
of
means
of
b}^means
June), many
this is
of
seasons
the
of
and
tinue
February,con-
extremely delightful
plants and
Before
plants,and
trees
I left the
of the
some
old
leaves
remain
ones.
So
new
to
weeks,
two
see
a
green
gardens,
The
by
reason
are,
of rain
every
is
and
trees
in
New
wood,
trees,the
it were,
drought, as
resorted
and
by
mud, and, in
the
the
be
can
for
England
to,
the
to
the shrubs
during the rainy season,
of the
already
and
:
so
that,in
delightful
the
(latein
thing extremely dry,
is
irrigation
green,
roads
make
thing
constant
little grass
lack
seed
deciduous
of
summer
trees, had
pushed off,as
months
many
the
of the
most
until
from
imagined
even
On
at rest.
were
resting in
State
completed their growth,and ripened their
and
again,
State of either
a
frosts,
they rest here in late
drought.
mission
inter-
an
time, to October
hence
:
with
1, and,
January
which
at all
dust, with
or
Oct.
in
; from
rain
no
is
CALIFORNIA.
VISIT
about
begin
a
winter, it
of the
naturallyto speak
me
SEASON
The
the
fogs.
no
this leads
in
:
almost
summer,
and
small
keep
a
in leaf
sable
impas-
by
the
TO
dustjwhichj I apprehend, is
mud,
judgment.
It is of the
make
journey at
we
our
advice
my
:
April, as
are
make,
as
Spend
over,
and
go
Santa
the
and
Southern
Clara
trails will be
famed
waterfalls
From
be
may
to
or
California,
not) will
Returning
Lakes
Donner
City
Either
From
in
on
of these
her
go
more
down
to
two
if the mines
or
(as
are
Los
trip to
through
this
By
; and
those
to
the
time
this
wonderful
you
go
to Southern
fullyemployed.
from
from
silver
will occupy
Salt Lake
three
city and
majesty.
; and
great
excursions
the
first,and then
Yo-Semite
lovely spring dress, the
snow-clad,where
and
the
Tahoe
there
Pacific
Central
and
and
Ogden,
the
be
thus
tains
Moun-
a
geysers.
six weeks
to
Rocky
point d''ap2nd.
out
early,that
go
in their
seen
month
a
the
this is
first of
excursion
the
to
a
Francisco,which
propose
your
to
open
is best
place it
say, y
California,go
and
Vallej^,
the
San
to
if you
city. Make
for
the
looking about
in
; and,
vicinity
And
about
of
would
weeks
two
data
any
season.
coast
direct
Frenchman
least
gives
importance,then, that
Atlantic
snow-storms
to the
return
the
it
the proper
the
immediate
Angeles
Leave
disagreeablethan
more
utmost
then
a
at
far
experience with
if my
227
PACIFIC.
THE
Reno
mines
to
go
of
three
ginia
Vir-
Nevada.
days fully.
City, which
Wahsatch
days ought
visited.
Truckee, visit
range
to
be
will be
still
spent,
228
At
Cheyenne,
line for
main
of
ATLANTIC
THE
few
a
which
Denver, and
at
point we
start
now
Colorado
then
next
Caiion, towards
Clear-creek
whole
distance
completed,and
which
in
abounds
entire
beautiful
'^
permits,the
visited,and
this
other
very
be
be made
stop should
examine
at
Nevada
City.
far up
completed
that
The
miles
the
soon
road
is
now
the canon,
up
its
throughout
scenery
point. There
Western
on
profitably
your
Niagara Falls, where
begins,and
where
International
one
I
way
can
Two
also to
Missouri
E-iver
places in
little time
a
back
to the
arrive
for
of the choice
Iowa
and
be
spent
can
East, or,
just
places
to
say, to
the
as
times
many
Omaha
city,and
the
over
several
you
have
the
over
bridge
States,where
At
in Colorado.
spent
are
mountains
the
in
interestingpoints.
to look
the great iron
"
Parks
other
manj?-
weeks, at least,should
a
be
the
stamp-mills at
and
cars.
six
some
; from
length.
If time
be
running
in
stay
carriagefor
or
Central, so
will be made
the
a
Golden
and
railroad will
the
season
; make
go to
by stage
Central, Georgetown, Blackhawk,
By
leave
Pacific,we
works
smelting-
and
mines
great
Union
journey through
our
days
the
on
season
the
found
take
a
good
rest.
A
tripto
Europe
:
California
you
are
is far
all the while
more
pleasingthan
in your
own
one
to
country, and
with
speaking
people
visited
trip
far
of
are
Paris
and
London
who
thousands
and
much
one
every
her
some,
is
of
many
We
these
are
spend
turn
or
will
Sunday
next
our
be
faces
20
in
enjoyment
will
resources
will
scenery
most
be
a
on
remedied
with
towards
of
our
Mr.
the
as
the
Great
a
but
;
West.
;
enjoyment.
can
be,
the
and
sun.
and
full
to
saving
and
roads;
year.
journey
Ealston,
the
pleasing
homeward
rising
and
required
longer
during
go
properly,
our
be
comfortable
as
be
is
many
pleased,
Europe
to
would
more
better
language
trip
the
Colorado
far
enjoy
the
thinking
now
to
To
find
made
even
round
a
if, of
Europe,
places
The
than
but
to
would
the
interest.
;
go
and
;
cheaply
inconveniences
few
a
year
can
grand
Travelling
only
summer
of
vast
her
others,
the
they
knowledge
almost
more
instructed.
more
certain
any
back,
Mountains,
Eocky
To
in
every
California,
to
and
beauty
made
be
cannot
language
own
your
more
229
PACIFIC.
THE
TO
next
:
shall
ing
morn-
XXIII.
CHAPTER
A
Day
Ralston's.
at
The
Start
The
Trip
SuxDAY
a
to
to the
White
find
and, to
;
valleys,as
At
County.
and
the
they
are
Central
Santa
line
Pacific
lines
the
230
"
on
in with
of
all
during
Clara
as
which
all
homes
Valley,and
fast
as
is to
Company
have
Southern
Pacific.
named
over
genial
which
road
be
link
one
one
have
in
The
continent.
I
host.
train,which
a
this
As
San
spend
to
are
the
the
Santa
the
through
its
possibleto
cross
the
the
or
cities,
we
board
on
Such
fog.
through
hospitalityof
us
a
Calistoga and
to
scattered
of these
the
found
pushing
southern
"
climate,the people
down
are
one
enjoy
o'clock
traverses
Wheels.
came
charming villagesand
Mateo
day,
County.
on
Francisco
luarm
a
Sulphur Springs, or
Eight
June,
through Napa
up
which
many
of
in San
uncommon
palatial homes
a
23d
the
Clara, to the various
the
Hotel
A
"
genialatmosphere entirelyfree
months
summer
Car.
Our
"
Mateo
San
in
Estates
Ogden.
is rather
day
go
Homeward.
morning,
and
warm
Fine
The
"
of
their
described
232
would
call
viiser,
yet lie prefersoiot
a
for what
his money
world.
has
He
States
one
wealth.
It
own
lipssome
facts
was
as
soon
you
station,where
to
us
him,
San
is
a
loves
and
at
you
much
so
consisted of
William
Mr.
build,with
the
at
up
kindly,and
us
asks
intenden
Superwood,
Green-
Ralston
countenance
a
he
and
hospitality
cheer which
He
all affectation ;
is free from
forgetthe money-ldng,
once
his
brought
daughters,Grace
two
stout
tell of the
drawn
are
carriage.Our party
well to bestow.
so
we
Mitchell,and myself.
air which
and
his
from
hear
you
receives
Ralston
risingforty,of
man
great
Francisco.
Sickels,wife and
Mrs.
this
will inherit
be. thus
to
of
any
the
of
one
of whom
hour, and
an
Mr.
in his
seat
a
and
life,
of his
reach
ride of about
A
in
interestingto hear
very
with
into conversation
spend
comforts in
deem
us
farmer
a
son,
to
Rocky Mountains, who
of the
east
of
most
vast
as
ATLANTIC
THE
and
only the
see
genialgentleman.
The
seats
lengthwise,a
usual
attachments
the hills.
To
our
perfectform, and
man
whom
were
all
at
a
word
I
the
built upon
carriagewas
raised
of
in
seat
full
of
to be
seated,Mr. Ralston
the horses
front,and
brake, which
a
is
four
which
spirit,
were
driver.
As
the
himself
started at
a
the
with
indispensablefor
harnessed
carriagewere
judged
English style,with
took
the
livelypace.
held
soon
of
bays
by
as
a
we
reins,and
Surely,we
TO
thought,this
is
and
speed.
at such
We
in
were
Nature
a
formed
be
to
beautiful
a
and
wide ; and
were
grand
could
late
too
was
and, in
ripened,
ride,we
where
no
and
We
been
in
had
be
placedin
set
the
which
the
all the
of the ladies
one
the finest stable I
furnished
toilet
The
by?"
by
"
ever
each horse
completed; the
From
in the
new
former
make
for
size,
these
be
to
in
purtenan
ap-
just
to
was
had
men
each ; upon
Yes, indeed,this
see
to make
mansion-house
the
fittingsand
one
stalls,
mirror
a
S. Latham,
used, and
for don't you
saw;
Milton
above,the
^'
short
a
furniture which
remarked,
with
of
seemed
It
servants' quarters
mirrors
small
After
was
surpassed. The
been
completed; and, in unpacking the
grain, too,
cut.
saw
keeping.
county.
stable,which
never
while
the
sparedto
visited the
finelypolished;
were
been
been
of California
woods
the
:
the low-
among
pride of
grounds
had
we
splendorof finish,
beautiful
had
into the
expense
place attractive.
flowers
parts,had
most
drawn
were
the
are
for the
roads,althoughdusty,
the houses
see
knight,
a
great park by
a
"
The
such
by
country,
which
branchinglive-oaks,
It
driven
planted.
we
233
PACIFIC.
THE
they have
his
here
is
morning
not
yet
stroyed
having been, I believe,de-
one
fire.
here
we
were
driven
ValparaisoPark," owned
20*
is
by
to
the
F. D.
fine
estate
named
Atherton, Esq.
234
ATLANTIC
THE
Atherton
Mr.
given the
met
ladies
iis
conducted
were
orchards
of
The
not
plant had
one
enough
stout
their extended
house, whose
air.
branches, from
in
room
offered
were
It
shown
too
was
party had
Samuel
Lawrence
who
is well
whose
our
the
for
us
now
of
known
genialwit
other
every
lovelya spot
Our
height
The
the
pepper-
swayed
great oaks, with
the
hung
grounds
In
air
The
; and
flowers,
to
fragrant,and
the
in
moss
our
gave
mansion, elegance
side,and in the
dining-
refreshingviands.
host summoned
our
on
the
profusionunknown
a
placeexquisitebeauty.
were
delight
itself.
sustain
which
New-England gardens,made
taste
to
featheryfoliagewas
of
magnificentin color,and
and
plantedonly-
placewas
dotted the extensive
great tassels,
to the
been
attained
to
the
indigenousto
slightestbreath
by the
grounds, where
seemed
(cactacece)
cactuses
feet,and
the
fine
growing,having
in this situation ; and
tree, near
his
house, the gentlemen
almond, nectarine,English walnut, apple,
three years.
finest tree
piazza; and, having
of the
through
cherry,and fig,are
of fifteen
those
to
over
the
upon
and
been
a
leave
to
so
hurriedly;but
ride towards
his
increased
Mr.
by
own
sion.
man-
and
Mrs.
Boston, and Stephen Masset, Esq.,
as
"
Jeemes
pleasant hon
pleasuresduring the
rest
Pipes
mots
of the
of
Pipesville,"
gave
day.
a
zest;
to
TO
It
was
drive
delightful
a
villageof Belmont;
ston's home.
Passing over
town, which
is
first
and
charge,and
He
these
Mr.
each
from
then
us
the character
the
of its owner,
the
The
inside
his
dust
ing
build-
neat
their
not
take
his
master's
our
guests in
with
a
feather
that
day
with
summons,
One
thing was
told
something
that,while the
the
as
over-Jiice,
ticeable
no-
utmost
arrangedfor instant
of
ness
neat-
first stable
kept freshlywhitewashed
was
carriagesseemed
"
livelypace,
a
stables,where
stables,which
it was
prevailed,
visited.
many
Glenwood.
grooms
takes
for them.
care
at
several
the
removes
shows
sufficient to
about
are
to
dash
we
Ralston
twenty-one horses awaited
grooms
where
is the
view
our
Ral-
to
road,through the
entrance
stable,where
charge,and
in
duster.
the
point
the
ings,
produced for lightingthe house, build-
grounds. By
into
directly
horses
is
gas
the
meets
towards
us
railroad
well-built
a
reach
objectwhich
where
took
regularlylaid out, and
prett}^cottages, we
The
whicli
the nearest
"
235
PACIFIC.
THE
we
and
;
use, instead
of
show.
We
walked
to
the
extended
closed
the lower
where
floor,
and
conducted
were
"
set in trim
which
gallery,
them
put
"
house, and
Mrs.
to her
into the
surrounds
Ralston
and
the
received
apartments
hands
by brooming
ushered
were
; while
into
of
rooms
the
ladies,
the
of servants, to be
an
at
tlemen
genonce
dusting,and washing and
236
Before
combing.
felt at
you
all the
matured
a
upon
that
beautiful
is
kitchen
comprise the
and
is
foot-hills of
towards
and
rear,
the
main
placed
the
other works
a
all conventional
taste
are
Balston,the hand
and, in
all the
found
twelve
of
well
breakfast
ourselves
around
the kitchen
the
main
while
hill,
case,
stairthe
over
banquet-hall,
wood, paintedwhite,
the
position among
mountains,
scattered
about
their very
to the
of
a
on
the
in
side
In
house.
as
second
and
defiance
freedom
cultivated
the
and
gallery,with
of the
open,
is of
appointmentsof
order,as
once,
pictures,costlybronzes,
; but
of Mrs.
At
top
planned and arranged under
was
utmost
the
directlyinto
sheltered
pleasingand hospitableair
the
the
It
Fine
vertu,
by
yet unfinished
as
very
of
which
built
coast-range
bay.
rounded
sur-
built at
not
with
ceiling,
chambers
house.
in
the
hve
to
outgrowth of required
sides
floor to
large but
a
made
was
was
the
was
corridor at
which
from
house
three
extendingfrom
a
minutes,
dining-room, drawing-room,
on
laundr}"ia the
with
the
A
surrounded
library,
and
house
five
only looked at, but handled.
not
plan,but
accommodation.
windows
in the house
the
that
to be
judge
been
splendidand costlythingswhich
were
you
should
had
you
home, and
in,and that
I
ATLANTIC
THE
gives
the
the
of
a
dor,
corri-
direction
is shown
;
story,there
is
taste
harmony.
was
announced;
the
table; and,
and
for
we
soon
nearly two
THE
TO
hours, the
of
courses
brought in,while
York
and
for the
which
it
We
the
shown
were
we
taken
had
partaken.
while
Here
is
a
cook
do
all the
The
the servants
and
; and
I
prevaildaily,as
three o'clock
for
a
road towards
; and
his horses
of
the
over
remark
ride up
the
to San
city.
We
skill which
the
by
steep
all.
were
two
general
waiters
some
to
a
prises
sur-
the part of
by
those
who
At
mansion.
the
door ;
station
over
in
Ralston
shows
and
crooked
roads
From
the
the
far up
first taken
Mr.
and,
seated
behind,we
left
in
which
on
assured
Mateo,
with
these,together
ease
an
driven
again bidding good-by to friends
food
is conducted
conduct
am
ticular
par-
the
doors, make
days togetherat the
carriagewas
our
with
order and
same
spent several
ourselves
in
kitchen,
; the
man
of
out
the
chief
colored
a
help employed
you.
have
palm, both
prepared
Chinamen
orderlymanner,
most
in New
; and
to
us
twenty-five: and yet this establishment
the
the
up
gracefulmanner
conduct
probably Frenchmen
men,
the
with
the
cooks, who
steward
The
white
yield the
spaciousmansion
to
Chinese
housework.
are
this
over
presides;
assistants
viands, and
the
us
of which
gayety filled
elegantbreakfasts
to
were
served.
was
show
and
to this I
; but
pains were
and
down
sat
elswhere
nicety of
food
delicately-prepared
conversation
I have
intervals.
237
PACIFIC.
was
eminences,
the
tate
es-
guiding
a
we
ter
mat-
had
238
ATLANTIC
THE
of tlie surroundingcountry.
beautiful views
from
fine estate
one
gardens
journey
have
little stone
a
planned by
been
and, with
slated
a
lives
where
Hay ward,
who, by the
fall
recent
"
in
must
there ;
who
the
villageof
San
been
have
the
stock
a
-board,
himself
stocks,found
only one
our
through the place
in
ruler
overtook
calamitywhich
terrible
chapel, which
also drove
the
the
almost
by millions,
On
houses.
roof,it would
We
of architecture.*
gem
tiful
beau-
for beauty was
artist,
an
tiled
or
passed
witli the
the
parks around
and
passed
we
another,cliarmed
to
We
raised
profited
by
dwellers
"
in
that
fornia
Cali-
Street."
drive
We
are
to take
by
a
into
the
the train for the
servant, and
Mr.
the
city:
Ralston
Mateo, where
team
back
is sent
accompanies us
we
the
to
city.
When
the
returned
time
from
the
was
Balston
;
Board
Boston
San
Francisco,all
praises of
I
and
of Trade
must
their
Glen wood
is
dispensed.
thus
minutely,that
how
rich
Mr.
my
Californians
Ralston's
*
Bret
I
heard
of for
the
have
described
readers
receptionsare
mentions
more
this church.
Mr.
not
over-
of
hospitality
might gain
their
some
by
they could
in which
entertain
Harte
their friends
entertainment
that
own
praisethe elegant manner
"
we
and
our
an
visit
idea
of
though
friends; for,al-
still
princely,
240
train,I found
for the
bundles
the
as
she has spent
of
Some
efforts of all
in the
friends
our
bay
hands,
which
car
conductor; the
and
we
the
Mr.
are
if
see
all
Mrs.
Darlington and
try
is very
than
is
a
can
notion
a
three
sink,"c.
from
the
are
!"
is cried
mainland
full
In
range,
next, and
on
transformed
Mrs.
and
Our
Pacific Railroad
there
Lip(j\Irs.
is the
car
I will
; and
the
first
In
ordinarypassenger-cars.
;
look
Yes:
Mr.
and
out
towards
speed
here.
long
far
traps, we
our
Pennsylvania.
plan.
the
upon
Greenwood
poet,
by
engine is ringing;
depot
under
of its
accompany
place,
heavily built,probably weighing
and
large
two
sections,
be
of the
the
Union
complete kitchen,a
a
are
niece of
of the
give you
to
more
car
aboard
the
friends
our
to
safelydeposited
were
disposed of
Miller
after
and, by the united
;
All
Grace
Sickels,
pincott),Joaquin
many
away.
upon
soon
are
Having
and
directors'
"
;
bell
We
bay.
to
us
extends
which
Sacramento.
around
bear
going out
slowly.
are
trestle-work
into
Oakland
sounds
the
enough
all the bundles
to
shrill whistle
A
kind
to
was
as
city at spring-shopping.
were
over
by
country has
the
from
in the
day
surrounded
myself
housewife
a
the
across
us
it
ATLANTIC
THE
each
for
separatedfrom
dishes,an
the
box,
ice-
kitchen,
side,like the Pullman, which
into beds
partitiondividing,and
racks
end
one
at
night;
occupying,say,
next
"
one-third
au
other
of the
TO
car
a
is the
"
drawing-room,dining-room,and
sleeping-room.An
and
each side of
each
of
the
is
which
placed
for ammunition
other
covered with
are
is surrounded
where
lighted;
is well
well
dust,as
and
as
comfort
are
Cornish
Eoure
is to
cold.
act
It
are
rests
six wheels
Our
on
are
the kitchen
management
of
a
;
place
night the
car
keep
to
out
springs;
many
that
ample
general manager,
as
form
plat-
rear
safe
a
double
each,so
stores
as
pointed
well-ap-
The
it
At
country.
the
presidein
trained in the
the
of six
all the sections
railing,
making
the windows
secured.
is to
and
small
are
and
have
the trucks
a
observe
sit,and
to
by
rack
a
heavy Brussels carpet.
a
placed
only requiredfor
off; and
partitioned
toilet-rooms
is
is
probablyadded
now
There
sorts.
this
Beyond
"
"
of
game
kitchen,above
the side is
on
against the Indians,
defence
the
ner;
cor-
side-board
a
kitchen,where
the
and
heating apparatus;
and
mirror.
a
by night
occupies one
sofa;
a
towards
door
large as
as
room
side is
the
and drawers
rifles,
a
extension-table
either
on
upon
another
241
PACIFIC.
THE
and
ease
; and
while
Tom
Henry
well
and, as they are
no
hotel-car,
doubt
we
shall be well cared for.
Before
in
the
well
car
we
reached
; and
would
filled,
wheels.
It would
21
the
Sacramento, we
way
shame
be
brought in
Tom
many
well
had
for
a
our
the
hotel which
the
landlords
first meal
dishes,all
is not
of
on
sonae
242
hotels where
a
to
unfit
him
minister
of
hand,
every
Brooklyn
between
truth, and
suppliedwith
man
who
to
This
and
preaching of long
a
pack
traps and
your
sure
to
way
never
will grant its
love
is
well
so
apt
as
the
and
why
to
new
a
hold
!
on
fashionable
solid
sermons
to
in pastures
"
flock
a
ister
min-
bring a politeinvitation
seek
to
edifice is
But
beyond
gious
reli-
"
Ledger
wants.
already gone
the
his
cook-stove,and
moral
our
connection
church
business
leap in
now-a-days is
up
and
kitchen
final
a
has
sermon
length;
a
Beecher
and
we
says,
either
Ward
The
modern
every
physicalas
our
"
it
himself
becomes
resort
of
divine
; for
overtaken
well-defined
a
readers
as
done
failure has
explain w^hy ministers
now
takes
is
wheels
on
lias proven
dernier
a
tea-parties,
why
attend
thing is
gastronomic apparatus
it
by
he
Plymouth
the
what
as
and,
instincts ;
doubt
when
there
says
man's
a
the
travel
tavern-keeper. Henry
a
or
how
calling,when
other
for every
on
man,
a
quarteredto
see
may
that
me
been
have
we
that they
little,
seems
a
ATLANTIC
THE
new."
We
the
are
again
devastation
probably,the
Sacramento, which
in
of
floods
grandees
done
by
them
and
add
to
material
live
fires,and
city in
handsomest
railroad
and
here, of
make
wealth
this
to
a
arisen
has
the
course
centre
the
State.
much
of
cityby
is
As
the
to-day,
all the
has
various
from
been
lines,
establish-
the
of
ment
The
Company.
instances
work-shops
streets
in the'ir almost
business
and
other
is
in the
populationand
of
overgrowth are
in San
We
push
around
that
and
a
by
on
;
point in
and
the
got
have
of wood
save
been
over
to notice
along
which
and
a
every
has
always
fast
yqyj
both
evidences
lamentably
so
the
"
bound
how
the
successfully
been
ago
were
fast
summit
time
west.'^
trees
the
of
by
the
obliged
are
no
pass
occurred,save
our
found
just about
had
has
we
Cape Horn,
the
track, and
for trains
on,
called
behind
Central, we
years
comes
importance
experienceare
few
are
reach
climb
hours
in the lands
grown
any
on
those
of
none
the
great desert,which
Pacts
of
several
side-tracks
journey
who
one
mountains
toilsome
that
on
to
darkness
and, just as
Nothing
wait
surpass
New-England
our
here,which
seen
energy
a
grand edifice,
pride
a
with
; and
many
Francisco.
slow
burning
far
cityis growing
wealth
Central
the
and
;
is apparent
contrast
the Sierras.
we
to be
newness
The
the
herbage magnificent
its citizens
quiteoffensive
East.
in
shown
A
in
so
it is
towns, that
lived
capitolis
State.
side,which
and
trees
tropicalluxuriance
The
whole
car-shopsof
wide, the buildingsin
enterpriseof
city.
of the
and
are
fine,the
very
243
PACIFIC.
THE
TO
Along
our
interest,
new
and
to
plants had
stations
subjected to
proving, tliat
in
the
irrigation.
the
lands
thought entirelyincapable
244
of cultivation
which
apple-trees
train; and,
assured.
is
time
those
and
the ladies
G-race Greenwood
b}'-
all
The
happy
John
W.
politeinvitation
post,giving to
of the
Lake
It
East,
mails
ought
the
many
elegant Pullman
agent.
the
Salt
and
requiressome
as
all the
express
to be
run
D.
K.
cars,
baggage
matter.
through ;
I
am
an
cursion
ex-
the
decline
Cheyenne.
at his
was
he
is the
up
the
changed, as
It would
but
to
a
us
accommodations
the
to make
is
; and
us
gave
Brown, who
of which
time
to
to reach
passengers
cipally
prin-
four hours
some
forced
were
our
success
for
City and
anxious
Mr.
into
the
Brigham)
to visit
again met
we
we
least.
Ogden,
of
were
road
of the characters
ladies sang
(son
we
good
invited
cars
assures
name
Young
as
attentions,
a
and
car,
other
time, at
we
our
exercises consisted
reached
we
the
on
our
the
young
the lake ; but
on
Here
in
the
for the
"
morning
next
late.
kind
The
on
happy, then
night
The
; and
renderings.
were
Pullman
a
with delineations
recitations,
of
we
them
from
Hall."
some
were
travelling together will
are
gentlemen
improvisedMusic
of the
in
little entertainment
arranged a
usual
finelyindeed.
very
second
The
There
company
about
of the
many
West.
people who
if
grow
growing
good
to make
only try
to
the
of
were
also found
We
made
be
can
vegetable products
"
ATLANTIC
THE
seem
popular
train
well
that
told that
as
for
the
the
cars
the
dis-
THE
TO
is
tance
to
keep
At
the
too
a
last
Union
car
we
between
great
in
are
Pacific.
21*
continued
all
ready,
245
PACIFIC.
Omaha
and
San
Francisco
motion.
and
we
begin
our
journey
on
CHAPTER
The
Building
built.
was
the
of
"
Surveys
XXiy.
Pacific
Central
Comparison
between
which
been
have
Raih'oad.
the
made
Two
to
How
"
Roads.
Union
the
The
"
eral
Sev-
Routes
determine
for
a
Railroad.
In
last
our
Pacific ; and
this
of
Those
the
let
now
road, and
who
one
finished
we
of
have
the
say
told
few
men
round
our
us
a
tell the
story
words
about
few
this
state
the
of
which
of
the
the
others
; but
who
part which
was
evolved
Sierras,stands
each
the
I will
took
of
the
were
often
try
in
to
the
the
tral
Cening
build-
its management.
have
story heretofore
and eulogizedhim,
enter^n-ise,
of
the
trip over
lected
se-
promoters
the
to
do
all
ment
disparage-
justice,and
great scheme,
railroad,which,
to-day the triumph
of
out
in its passage
of
engineering
skill.
Five
men,
entire
strangers
to
promulgated, fostered,and
the
building
carried
issue,this important enterprise. Stanford
246
to
a
was
of
roads,
rail-
successful
the
gov-
248
what
Probably
Theodore
bold
that
mountains, that
at last
about
he
Having
made
he
until
had
He
called
a
long and
route
aloof
"Dutch
of
scheme
all the banks
kept
the
convinced
although the
and
from
Flat
real
he
of
the
of
the
citizens
of
well
bankers, as
it; for they had
their money,
his
Dutch
unlikely of
it
about
the
as
surveys,
Flat," he
mountains.
the
mining
inhabitants
the
little faith
called,the
the
only
stake
road,
success,
was
and
more
moneyed
ones
their
a
declaration;
the
gradual]}^
so
in
five
who
that
men,
the
men
were
fortunes,in
enterprise.
We
can
imagine all kinds
a
work.
became
of
practicability
seemed
ready to give
of
the
of
"
way
; and
being
crazy."
make
to
his
of
ascent
easy
Swindle," as
the
across
him
beginning
correctness
first mentioned
the
enable
to
public meetings
villagesalong
ij..
ly
people direct-
aid,he proceededwith
more
the
he received
solicitation,
proclaimed,that,by
found
became
the
of
little
a
of the
partial examination,
a
fullyconvinced
and, by
the
was
laid
Pacific E-ailroad
'^
confidence
subscriptionof fiftydollars
This
engineer
earnest
so
be
the
to
build
to
was
could
him, that,by much
survey.
who
called
was
gained the
so
and
track
a
the
of
engaged
was
Valley Koad,
his declarations
greatest impetus
assertions
who
Judah,
Sacramento
the
gave
the
enterprisewas
He
ATLANTIC
THE
of difficulties to be met
and
TO
; and
overcome
heaped
the
upon
the
In
the
lines and
in their
bold
of the
"
at
house
and
carry
purposes
their
Of
to
from
money,
1860,
arose,
out
were
a
seven,
and
the
and
of
must
holders
the stock-
scheme,
problem, and
the
from
life of
after much
the
upon
'^
compact
Judah,
the
point
New
; and
to
the
tion
comple-
Gov.
at
earnest
of
ford's
Stansion,
discus-
flagging,Mr.
of
one
life
seven
enterprise
bold
eight or
infused
was
;
spirits
put
all expenses
pay
for three
estimates,plans, "c.
who
had
people of
towards
afterwards
and
I will be
said,
awakened
mountains
soon
laws
the
the
gentlemen
this scheme."
afar to show
their
other
company
from
out
stage-
each
The
any
followed
of
complete surveys,
these
over
in
to
names
years,
meeting
a
all seemed
Huntington
new
have
turning-pointin
when,
with
and
corporations
work
dollar
a
the various
railroad.
aloof
bankers.
large,surely,but onlyjust.
line,
Another
to
spirits
the
(Wells,Fargo,
companies,vied
which
ridicule
not
was
steamship lines,all
which
the rewards
the
was
company
people stood
the
few
leavinga
to
express
illiberal towards
; and
sent
great
under
California,
very
least
there
oppositionto building a
act,were
was
Francisco
river-steamer
the State of
reap
the
means
enterprise,
especially
by
tlie
Company),
and
no
San
city of
raised; and
ten
by
249
PACIFIC.
THE
the
died.
been
the
California
prophet
the ivay
Atlantic, had
To
Judah
must
no
be
250
ATLANTIC
THE
awarded
much
could,in
the face of such
him
seemed
He
which
in
was
surrounded
Lesseps in
him.
disheartened,and
whom
I have
and
He
the
fell
their
as
marked
This
five
which
positions
fell
they
of the
passage
this little
gave
the
the affairs of
The
1870.
each
and
first-named
and
vice-president,
by Congress
life ;
the
ability,
manage
in
was
Bill
assured
usual
fortune
they resolved
naturallyto
pany
com-
work
of railroad
to reap
was
enterprises
the
themselves
ent
appar-
advantagesof
earlyplanning and patienttoil.
established
They
to-day,and
they are
well each
arose.
became
particular
sphere.
The
:
little band
with
company
second
still hold,and, with
in his
steamships,or
leavingonly the
;
"
an
forward
Crockers.
two
Pacific Eailroad
circumstances
Stanford,Huntington, Hopkins,
"
the company.
in
of the
secretary and treasurer,
as
ment.
accomplish-
grand step
a
to
fore
perceivedbe-
of the
Brunei
the way
by
mentioned,
president,the
third
which
took
Another
They organized their
as
mind
a
engineering,like
canals.
spiritwhich
of
easy
lived outside
who
bold
a
still proclaimwhat
ridicule,
pioneer;
a
one
railroad
was
only possible,but
not
others ;
for it
praise;
step, and
Stanford
"
their
began
work
surmounting
full of
54
offices at
in
the
K
Street,where
detail,considering
difficulties
genuine good sense,
a
as
man
they
of
TO
determination
vigorand
calculatingevery
calculations
intrepid,with
made
make
to be
it.
He
succeeded
brought
a
long
the
issued to them
circumstances
railroad
a
that
trade
Nevada,
trans-continental
Several
individual
:
times
the
East
they must
rials
mate-
so
the
and
; the
fell to
low
a
frown
to
mountains
had
as
well
;
the
prices
the
which
ernment
gov-
and
figurein gold;
this
upon
which
should
arisen
between
for
as
prise.
enter-
around
cities,
voyage
bonds
moters
pro-
all the material,
Atlantic
tedious
which
the
of
this time, hazardous
from
war
were
a
link
in
plan
serve
for
to
mento
Sacraa
grand
line.
their money
pluck was
and
"
went
"
and, for
;
large portionof
a
seemed
the
over
new
and
each
address
people of
built,and
grand,yet, at
fluctuatingby
by
Huntington
personal indorsements
the
Cape Horn, by
supply
the
he
All the iron, and
had
by
careful
same
construction,he exchanged bonds, which
of this
a
successful
applied the
to
was
to do
guaranteed by
thus
figures
to negotiate
York, and other cities,
that the road
for
were
did valiant
of
man
honesty, of good
New
lend their money
the
"
hirger scheme; and
bonds, buy material, and
know
head, and
his business
now
"
innate
Washington,
to
cost
this
to
Hopkins
had
who
calculations,
at the
was
"
service in the State.
and
251
PACIFIC.
THE
all used
was
shown, and
the work
was
a
kept
few
on.
up ; and
men
Each
were
then
paid
contract
252
ATLANTIC
THE
looked
was
these
well
as
facts I state
with
the
other
honor
their
as
thus
which
the
forms
is due
Montague,
the
and
huge
locomotives
teams, and
could
from
twenty
to
ten
Alkali
Plains
were
brought
over,
difficulties
ready with
as
far
it
to
where
Atlantic ; and
the
two
interfere,and
the
liMigth
year
fix
here
all this work,
nese
Chi-
should
saw
of several
undertaking.
they
as
This
made
all the
who
were
as
a
meet.
the
the road
to
of
ward-marchi
west-
towards
determine
Congress
place
great
pushed
company
warfare
cess
suc-
were
approached the
it
ox-
the
Upon
Union, shot by it,on
came
Ogden
1869
by
fuel
there
could,and, as
roads
the way
and
and, after
aid them.
line of the
the
do
made
snow-banks
them.
of course,
passed, many
mone}^
with
and, to the number
friends ;
many
credit
mountains
around
to
were
much
found
as
the
men
Company,
were
as
well
the
Many
engineers,who
their toil to this great
found
line.
obliged to bring water
find
Central
sure,
deep
to
thousand,lent
The
feet
compared
building of
road-bed
a
they were
miles ; and
many
east
make
tlieywere
be
; and
the
over
; for
reputation. These
encountered
plan, and laid the grades,as
take
to
and
Pacific
they
Grey
dollar
every
attending the
the obstacles which
to
scanned
were
minutely, that they may
circumstances
road
its terms
daily pledging
were
men
worthj
closely,and
to
had
union.
completed.
to
At
TO
The
Central
whole
Company
railroad system
253
PACIFIC.
THE
are
of
the
now
of
owners
California,and
the
pushing
are
their lines in all directions.
California and
The
the
through
San
which
Pacific,
the Colorado
the
east towards
In
is to reach
the
The
River.
spending
month; and
the whole
is
all these
the Southern
who
long ago
their
is
a
places. Mr.
gentleman who
the most
I
was
these
various
machinery of
works
is
to
pierced
pushing
chief
a
22
this vast
to
smoothly,that
the
their
per
corpora-'
out
engineer; Grey
Pacific ; while
at
has
officers
same
positionsretain
Towne, the general superintendent,
admirably fills his place,
"
had
told that the company
first
dollars
of
so
and important of
responsible
at
has
on
the
enterprises,
half-million
some
first elected
the State of California
seemed
thence
CopperopolisRoad
is still the
chargeof
were
Santa
the
carried
being successfully
plans are
Montague
once.
Angeles,and
and
nicelyadjusted,
so
railroad
the mountains.
is
tion
Mt.
the Southern
California Pacific
the
prosecutionof
company
south, through
Los
north
around
join the
to
Joaquin Valleys,they have
ISTalley
; and
Napa
the
To
being pushed
Valley,
Portland,there
system of Oregon.
Clara and
Sacramento
great
towards
Shasta,on
line is
Oregon
over
seven
large number
of
the many.
in its
employ within
tliousand
; but
one
when
men,
we
which
consider
254
how
many
vast
is the business
lines of road
sheds
all
are
Pacific ; and
conductors
what
seemed
built,this
graciouslyallow
will
has
been
to
be
in
the
to ride in
you
; for
people;
day
some
and
lyiiblic,
for
southern
always comes
road
; and
is
we
Competition
should
this country, as
it
that railroads
decided
for their
and
benefit
monopolies,cliques
time, oppress
a
as
shown,
was
evil which
an
Corporationsand
but there
gentlemanly
cars."
in
be
Union
that the
was,
Francisco
our
it is
England, it will
combinations,may,
a
for San
remedy this,but
accommodation.
and
that,until
snow-
the
as
air of arrogance
only train
for the
run
"
say,
be removed
sooner
are
doubt
no
An
so
is
rolling-stock
obligingand
so
been.
is the
; the
comfortable
as
not
are
order ; the
noticeable
painfully
was
to
good
structures
not
not
have
and how
construction,
through line,we
is in
permanent
were
they should
which
of the
grade, but
fair
a
under
are
road-bed
surprised.The
of
ATLANTIC
THE
day
a
hinder
and
when
tlie
lic
pub-
maintain,their rights.
assert,and, asserting,
So far
economical
as
this company
American
business
the
serve
which
their
the
can
stands
railroad
and
and
a
successful management
salient
enterprises.With
resources,
the company
public,in giving
be
them
are
brought
the
every
historyof
increase
study how
must
of
to
accommodation
the
character of
into direct
relation with
had, and lookingwell
who
officers,
the
example in
goes,
travelling
public,their patrons.
to
256
ATLANTIC
THE
any
one
say
out
G.
save
F.
right; and he, better
the
pluck,the
Americans.
The
rail,and
the
Promontory,
an
their
hours
of
was
of
the
Washington,
not
was
sunshine
their fortune
last found
In
than
to
the
into
themselves
riding
plains,where
taken.
An
told me,
that,in
At
that the road
good
turn
curve,
line
and
in
charge,
few
a
influence
more
Central, still
who
projectors,
struck
put
who
laid
least
one
built
is
was
forced
the
upon
another
line
"
;
made,
even
if of
been
have
conclusion
the
there
been
grades
principlethat
for,if
of
some
have
might
to
the
with
of these
many
at
it.
upon
could
straight course
at
(the
all kinds
twists
places,the
another
place
within
of the
were
many
deserves
last
road
the
had
of
of the
turns
a
was
this
they
materials
road, we
engineer
shortened.
they
some
the
tion.
present junc-
officers
where
the
of
pecuniarilycrippledby
seemingly unnecessary
the
for the
of
completion
the
of
the
enterprisein good faith,and
the
over
of
and
on
him, counted
spike,took
means,
with
government,
last
west
task
easy
Train
sure,
laying
building
unbounded
readilyobtained
all
the
the
the
the
miles
around
upon
line, by
few
time,
of
go-aheadativeness
celebration
Although
Union)
those
the
driving of
a
this
For
than
and
energy,
trans-continental
with
(the inspiredidiot,"they
West) predicted.
was
the
"
Train
was
no
a
"
one
sary
neces-
seeming
TO
Witli
use.
the
they should
that
would
they
true, then
In
the road,
returning over
been
done
the
and
smoothness;
since
stock is in
those
on
conscience
what
will
(as
lacking
was
ing
dur-
many
blunders
selected for
where
to
the
Central
to be
amazed
I will not
interests
have, for
consistent
The
the
the
name
snow
a
almost
the
should
expect
the
whole, we
could
have
road;
each
for
in
so
are
been
the
road.
many
turn, that
pursued.
caused
exertions
of
serious
trouble ;
Superintendent
Sickels and his assistants saved the lives of those
22*
some
locations
requirementsof
last winter
incredible
depots
in
and,
the wrong
work
time, controlled
be
fortable
com-
round-houses,sidings not
officers of the
policycould
blockade
the
more
expectationof
of course,
made,
that
nearly right for
so
;
rolling-
The
Road.
but, upon
;
The
its
had
which
far
are
built upon
been
they should be, "c.
cars
commodious
and
repair-shops
surprisedand
done
have
of work
the
with
struck
were
apparent.
required. We,
be
we
; and
are
station-buildings
instances,
they seemed
but
disclosures
recent
amount
vast
spring was
good order
than
no
nience
conve-
affairs of this company
of the
management
as
part of its history.
a
and
if the
allow; and,
surprising
long
as
which
lands
it is not
the road-bed
make
called)are
are
in the
this company^
gave
and
in bonds
large amount
the government
257
PACIFIC.
THE
on
the
258
trains,and
suppliedthe
so
only delay. By
trains,I
which
their
found
foundation.
there
have
had
cleared
formed
a
which
vain.
The
this year
solid
sleet
as
together
ice,weighing,
the cubic
foot,
"
fullyprepared
to
assure
that
me
contend
with
in
they
the
will
snows,
that,by the experience of last winter,they have
learned
Mr.
soon
lessons which
many
T. E.
is the
he
took
road, and
bring new
With
profitthem.
general superintendent of
as
the
will
Sickels,who built the great Missouri
charge
changes lookingtoward
and
of the
the
the
road, he
began
which
more
extensive
has reduced
which
and
feeders
line into the rich
lie
just off
the
one
make
to
running of
business
to
the
will
company.
great judgment he laid his plans,which
main
As
company.
economical
more
Bridge,
completing connecting lines,which
being carried out;
the
and
snow
powerful engines contended
officers of the road
be
were
track,they could
thirty-six
pounds to
places,
the
stories
exceptional; and,
the
nearly as
the
newspapers
was
on
the
but
was
against which
mass
and
:
snow
snow-bound
that
so
:
Eastern
winter
only
it away
in many
a
The
been
mass
into
fact
they suffered
the
in
were
of this
way
that
passengers
who
many
assured
was
without
if
ATLANTIC
THE
the
expenses
are
alreadypushing
and
mining
road.
to the
In
now
are
every
minimum
year'sadministration
from
farming sections
dej)artmenthe
; and
shows, were
the
ings
sav-
aston-
TO
well
ishing,as
bondholders
assured
now
expended, and
judiciously
in
will be done
Thus
the
and
of construction
of the
change
courtesy and kindness
the danger
of administration,
interests.
new
agreeably surprised at
very
of the conductors
the
and
the
of
trains,as well
to
gentlemen who
see
uniform
their
I heard
and, from lady-passengers
especially,
admiration
will be
money
remember
must
we
bringing-inof
were
that their
and
manner.
exists
always
stockholders
that the work
but then
it is now;
which
We
skilful
a
259
PACIFIC.
gratifying. The
as
are
THE
men
remarks
of
passed through
that all
were
spoken
of the
;
comfortable
the
lect
to col-
as
tickets.
that I
Now
remark
have
of the
some
be
must
arrangement
failings.In
made
through from Chicago to
that
demand
In
England
companies
your
baggage
unknown.
in
which
a
car
arrive
must
matron
at
they call
your
"
go
who
for
was
Pacific remarked
one
of the
There
the
some
is
the
for
your
baggage
Americans
baggage.
oar
checked
never
:
such
system
our
train
of checks
greatest conveniences,and
you
out, and
else loill.
one
over
for
our
a
portmanteau
luggage-van ; and, when
is thrown
me
place,some
We
out
place
you
on
travelling
our
check
look
destination,it
it,"or
first
Francisco.
the
thing is
the
to
San
good points,let
An
the
English
Union
baggage
cars
you
as
(when
260
ATLANTIC
THE
she became
like
accustomed
better than
your
of
way
right smart
how
Next, the inconvenience
Company
The
algebra.
be
in
the
erased
the
ledgerthey
of
the
hard
have
Union
souls
this
"
ought
the
of
to
be
spoken
"
in
than
day.
a
the
to
they ought
If
count
ac-
to
be
corporationshave
from
all uneasiness
found
named
on
W.
please all;
"who
takes
among
the
the
; and
the
and
Eumsig
and the poorest at
if you
don't
it
find
"
The
kept by
was
The
at
evident
for them
next
were
Laramie
enough, then
wait
desire
his
of
the
tables
and
was
man,
was
wife,
friends
many
City
road
over
table
colored
a
the
well,go
poor
best
lady-likebearing
money," gained
passengers.
Messrs.
hotel.
a
Crossley,whose
the
eating-stations
are
higher callings
; for tliey
to
running
at Evanston
Howard
the
proprietors of
promoted
evidentlyabove
by
say
score.
Some
to
be
carried
that
knoiu
their freedom
hence
:
been
fer
Trans-
stream, the
for many
Pacific,then
pitied. Perhaps they
no
treacherous
hook
all
that
should
we
to
I
demand.
ive
words
big
luggage."
dealingwith
of
of that
more
from
mucb
home
; for at
own
eliminated, as
passage
Missouri, caused
can
be
must
get his
I like
"
remarked,
America
in
to
to show
this incident
state
She
English.
sending luggage
has to be
one
the
she would
tliem)she thought
to
set
Sidney ;
yourself,and.
till
we
have
TO
"
that
difference
by
Providence,and
in
know
can
you
its
comparison.
a
Pacific
Union
The
"
hotel
new
261
PACIFIC.
THE
Company
own
hundred
a
and
forty-ninepowerful locomotives^forty passenger-cars,
and
is
which
thousand
two
some
being
increased
which
passenger-train
from
are
two
business
as
is made
four
to
from
company
the
freight-cars,
demands.
to
up
owning
which
every
relieves the
largernumber
a
In
through,there
run
"Pullmans,"
of
number
of passenger-
cars.
Daily
the line
useful
and
discoveries
new
minerals
extent
few
much, that I
''"
way
and, to
of
track
which
surveys
followed
the
means
western
the
across
were
as
made
considered
of its
the
exact
groundwork
through which
country."
we
a
ral
natu-
this
burden, I
this
line.
of all the
will
zy
cra-
add, by
grand thought"
"
of
list of the different
route, but
became
subjectso
"Pacific-railroad
continent,a
for
a
the world.
become
mind
free my
the road ; and
developmentsof
will astound
almost
great variety
subjectof wonder,
a
passed over
doubt,witness
have
along
great abundance, and
in
the history
of
recalling
layinga
were
often
Judali, I have
poor
;
exist
made
are
largequantities.The
have
which
resources
Like
resources
of these discoveries is
will,no
years
iron
in
to those who
even
"
and
coal
:
of
These
none
of which
surveys
plans,and
were
acquaintedwith
nished
furthe
our
262
Asa
Mr.
Whitney
to
Pacific
of
and
legislatures,
the
Kocky
ocean
at
Mountains
transportation
;
to
scheme, both
make
fiftytliousand
; and
began
the
the
As
work.
note
quarto volumes
found, and
and
animals.
any
of my
these
from
of
upon
readers
illustrations
these
have
many
not
hundred
of
expenses
veys
sur-
formed, and
were
which
all future
are
examined
taken
routes
In
published by Congress,all
With
After
railroad
a
a
the
exploringpartiesall
results attained.
elaborate
of
people.
it is well to recall the
the
furnished
advocate
defraythe
to
obtained
was
matured,
by each, and
are
dollars
with
succeeding years.
of
appropriation
an
accordinglysix companies
information
plans were
and
for
Asiatic
for
highway
defeats,the friends
many
the
the government
before the
and
reach
first incentive
zealous
a
Senate
iu the
labor and
was
plan
river,cross
of California
in 1850
obtained,in March, 1853,
and
a
rapid settlement
Missouri
of
The
dressed
ad-
first
Pass, and
to furnish
strong argument
Benton
much
next
The
commerce.
another
Sound.
of course,
was,
The
the
State
to
the great
on
South
by
Vancouver's
road
Chien
he
memorials
petitionedCongress.
du
tention
public at-
1846-50
years
citizens,sent
Prairie
begin at
to
to call
witJi
Mississippi
the
the
Between
Ocean.
was
tlie first man
was
railroad to connect
a
meetings
the
ATLANTIC
THE
the
thirteen
the
of scenery,
reports
flora,
familiar; and,
if
them, they will
264
ATLANTIC
THE
party, including Capt. Gunnison,
Indians.
who
The
command
proceededto
Salt Lake
to extend
line of the
devolved
the
City,where
San
to
lie received
he
Sierra
Nevadas
third
The
the
thirty-fifth
parallel.
and
took
and
Auton
Chico
westward
the
was
valleyof
the
fourth
Albuquerque:
Bill William's
Fork,
Cajon Pass, to
San
and
was
Mohave
ond
to Fort
and
other
Colorado
valleyof
the Mohave
the
Pacific.
on
Williamson, U.S.A.,
was
was
of the
commanded
detached
Yuma,
It
and
from
The
line
fifth
of the
by
up
tlience by
Maricopa villages,
thirtj'^-sec
way
of Tucson
Parke,
Williamson's
of Warner's
the Gila to the
way
expedition
Lieut.
Lieut.
proceeded by
the San
portions of
and
passes,
Rivers.
half
party for the purpose.
rancho
Chiquito,
Valley,explored tlie region about
western
who
proceeded
Tulare
parallel,and
U.S.A.,
River
Francisco,and, passingup
and
the
over
Smith,
at San
Walker's, the Tejon
the
it
Colorado
the
line of
Canadian
Pedro
Lieut.
mento
Sacra-
Fort
tlience
the
the
the
from
the
valleyof
under
expedition,
fitted out
Joaquin
to
the
lowing
folFort
near
on
started
by Zuni, the valleyof
and
The
by
route
It
the
manded
expedition,com-
by Capt. Whipple, U.S.A., was
the
in
did
structi
in-
the
upon
followingthe valleyof
Francisco.
by
Beckwith,
westward
exploration
spring,crossingthe
thence
Lieut.
upon
forty-first
parallel. This
E-eading,and
massacred
was
Pimo
and
and
Dona
TO
was
El
Paso.
El
Anato
The
PACIFIC.
sixth
expeditionwas
half of the
line
commanded
by Capt.Pope, U.S.A.
of the
Paso, and proceeded in
Red
Preston,on
to
almost
distance
of
It started from
Pecos
and
the
at
Llano
of
a
Additional
hundred
road,save
organized;
explored the
Sierra
the
and
dollars
and
for
ranges,
bility
practica-
Mountains.
and
in
1854
them
third
the
railroad
for
obtaining water
fully
more
while
a
Other
voted.
were
of
two
Coast
of
means
Estacado
the
urged ;
ninety thousand
partieswere
examined
of
the Sierra Nevada
over
were
appropriations
and
mouth
miles."
twenty-five
explorations
fullydemonstrated
These
ward
east-
Piver, passingthrough Guada-
hundred
a
ern
east-
straightline
a
Creek, and traversingthe
Delaware
the
on
parallel,and
thirty-second
loupe Mountains, crossingthe
a
265
THE
purposes.
these
unsatisfactory
However
details,
they
build
the
furnished
plans which
carried to
the
Atlantic
which
the
the
a
and
successful
upon
matured,
completion,
Pacific
should
locomotive
be
to
"
by
a
in
reports were
ground-work
were
the
various
band
the
of
which
and
to
wards
after-
union
of
iron,over
whirl,carrying along
its
preciousfreights.
The
amid
road
our
has
many
of
new
become
23
accomplished fact;
the
our
politics,
enterprises,
national
our
an
resources,
and
the
and
opment
devel-
incidents
of
266
ATLANTIC
THE
life, its
every-day
sight
lost
Erom
with
TO
magnitude
THE
and
PACIFIC.
importance
have
been
of.
this
profit
of
distance
again
recall
time
its
we
grandeur
can
contemplate
and
importance.
it, and
CHAPTER
Omaha
at Second
Our
by
leavingOgden
without
of
any
the
made
Denver,
the
there
Cheyenne
and
visit to
our
forms
Pacific;and
and
lies
her
across
At
not
the
as
loved
some
new
ver
Denis
continent
the
down
Colorado.
in
the
propose
now
was
Cheyenne, the
the
eastern
I will add
grandeur
Canons
; and
Colorado,we
the
much
we
travelled
we
Pacific,and
across
interest
and
view
just
were
The
Weber
Union
the
of
Omaha,
city, which
Omaha,
another
thrivingcapitalof
is little
Cheyenne
and
Bluffs.
interrupted
was
occurring.
Echo
the line
from
chapteron
which
with
Council
"
last,we
our
to
notice.
brought to
great highway
Union
interest
through
unites
In
here
from
River.
Pacific
Colorado.
thing of
were
Pacific
that
Union
impressiveby
more
As
the
; and
scenery
features
to
"
tripthrough
our
Missouri
The
Sight,
journey over
XXV.
road
to add
will
between
a
rate
sepa-
hurry
terminus
something
sister Council
river.
26r
of
more
on
to
the
of
Bluffs,
268
ATLANTIC
THE
My impressionsas given in
but
pleasing:
of the
more
ground
the
on
one
Grand
There
of the finest
in the West.
in
hotel
little
place. Already
As
failure.
the
the
a
fabulous
were
you
pass
"
place seemed
around
death
to
figures,and
Francis
earlytook
up
until he
thought he
town,
would
abandoned
now
in this
thing
every
by overgrowth."
many
Train, who
his abode
seen
financial
sad
a
"
the
At
destined
to
be
so
real
a
at
to
grand
for the lack
all the
land
come
be-
scale
of funds.
the
Tombs,
here, and harangued and
owned
one
reached
estate
upon
resides
be
fiftythousand
it,
improvements
to be
than
and
upon
city of great importance:
begun, only
George
hundred
three
expended
of
that I have
Providence
or
been
marks
completed,will
but
buildingis creditable,
place in Boston
more
dollars have
brick
fine
very
brick
compositionsin
The
in
bettered
business-blocks,the
latter,when
The
seem
time
some
are
dulations,
pretty un-
be
not
surveyed
Hotel, and the High-schoolbuilding
Central
Capitol Hill.
bears
could
location
already erected,several
structures
new
the
such
river in
the
know
rightangles;
at
out
ropolitan
Met-
to
around, and
broad,laid
are
around.
mile
a
the
lodgings at
strolled
we
rises from
that
many
So
city.
Its streets
the town.
and
took
Douglas Street,determined
Hotel, on
thing
any-
reaching this cityFriday
so, upon
(July 5, 1872),we
afternoon
chapterwere
former
a
in the
ed,
shout-
city;
TO
the
and
with
imbued
he
his
owned
never
Now
here,and
is under
thing
to the
they
at
present
in
count
point:
the
shows
and
some
The
We
a
you
A
ride
out
to
farming-country
gations
Tinder obli-
are
New
Sisson, formerly of
give
afraid
am
pleasingviews,and
homes.
pleasant-looking
Dr.
I
trees.
rich
to
bridge
is said to
town
but
very
Camp Douglas
people
all these fail to
but
lamp-posts and
through the city gives some
the
the great iron
thousand;
fifteen
he
Pacific officers are
air of business-life.
cityany
contain
cloud, and
a
shops and depots;
their
informed
am
True, the Union
the river at this
crosses
I
in Omaha.
foot of land
disheartened.
seem
infatuation,thoroughly
schemes.
wild
a
every
their
in
people were,
269
PACIFIC.
THE
Bedford, for
a
long ride through the cityand country.
SuperintendentSickels
his
and
private office,
know
otherwise,we
have
remained
made
should
we
than
more
the
us
gave
stay
our
have
not
day
one
of
use
in
very
been
this
"
a
desk
in
pleasant:
willingto
mushroom
town."
They
are
have
such
accustomed
not
about
here
three
to
o'clock,we
the
we
had
ever
heavens,but
23*
been
from
at
and
home.
lightning as
Monday
awakened
were
by
the greatestdisplayof
deafeningthunder,and
flashes
thunder
treated
horizon
to
to
:
not
in
zenith,it
one
was
we
morning,
the
most
lightning
part
one
of
lurid
270
The
flame.
hour, and
The
and
rain
mud
the
and
Mr.
; hut
"baby-shower,"
and
here
to
what
that
aware
they had
every
but
Omaha,
I
heard
once
and
the most
"
this
boast
gentlemen
"
be
an
Eastern
town
as
a
Missouri
highway
only by
which
a
the
ever
here
great
stream, changing
deal
in
I had
than
I
commerce.
saw
globe."
from
New
each
the
York,
tages
advan-
!
Now,
a
I would
an
rather be
man
alderalmost
citizen of Omaha.
city,but is of little service
the
by
comparison
you
one
flows
of
I
EIVER.
THE
The
Look
So for me,
York."
thing in
is.
they could
lamp-post in Philadelphiathan
a
in New
any
one
"
he
to
and, after exhaustingall arguments,
Philadelphianretorted,
rather
only a
large scale
a
that
till now,
"
of their cities ;
the
thing upon
thundering city upon
two
it
thunder-shower
a
aware,
great
a
ought
we
Philadel^jhia praising
from
one
not
was
hotel,called
that
us
know
sometimes
was
assured
an
shower,
it
thought
clerk of the
Boyd,
the
before
We
mud!
than
more
flooded.
were
sultryas
as
the
for
torrents
squares
seemed
oh
"
in
poured
streets
morning
storm
in
ATLANTIC
THE
dirtiest
with
the
an
Eastern
more
its channel
muddy.
so
its waters
describe
can
mud-puddle
then
city,and
It is
often,that
a
gine
ima-
capricious
it has
be-
272
tion
the
of
other
The
lands
portion of
bordering the
located
which
in
lie among
city. 'Little
here,
the
The
city,like
whom
the
but
glens
"
the
the
which
its
well-to-do
Pacific
three
western
the
railroad
the
back
of the
settlement
about
the
mile
early
to
the
the
opposite bank
of
a
of hai^d
years,
sightof
"that
terminus
from
;
from
to the
Chicago
all
makes
"bridge-train,"
the
and
town
many
has
the
Great
an
come
be-
great
West.
finding
being the point
here, and
river,
stream."
here, at what
by the building of
all
cityis
the
muddy
home
city his
Railroad,the doorway
great roads
The
times.
back
located
dull; and
very
miles
this
have
few
a
upon
three
makes
families
within
Union
or
it from
Dodge
sister
complain
two
some
relieves
Gen.
called)
are
Mormon
moved
low
prettierresidences
rise to
of
the
upon
(as they
Missouri," looks
meet
you
situated
to
eagerness
city is built
hills which
city has
"treacherous
The
his
in
"bottom
old town.
of the
The
"
remains
now
The
settlement.
west
shady
his
go
a
single log-house of
probably onlj'-
"
to
the
great many
a
hotel.
a
this
river ;
to
man
a
here)
say
public in keeping
main
be, like
to
seems
(as they would
the
serve
the
It
city.
houses, a good phice for
dollar"
are
ATLANTIC
THE
their
of transfer
important
centre.
quarrelwhich
has
existed
ever
since
the
com-
THE
TO
of
pletion
the
the
having
have
the
the
claims
each
to
ought
unite
to
for
a
are
still the
reasoning,
their
demands.
good
Hearing
the
or
The
for,
;
to
fail
city, you
grounds
cities
two
long
so
travelling public
is
country
At
the
as
necessarily
are
peculiarities
chance
to
Council
western
in
so
the
Bluffs, the
city
and
are
seat
of the
eastern
of
to
communities
the
Omaha,
"
city
of
the
cities
will
the
he
may
so
seat
Nebraska,
Pottawatomie
great State
to
observe
which
of Iowa.
and
much
be
near
rival
cities
two
together,
near
County,
seeks
; but
rapidly,
to
very
the
of
who
here
so
seems
feel
each
towns
visit ; for
yet
Douglas
the
of
made
it
shall
we
tourist
the
is
home
half-way
settled, that
day spent
repay
here
of
well
so
than
more
east
Chicago
A
Atlantic.
amply
little
a
now
journey
shorter.
the
longer.
their
than
depots
each
those
for
sufferers.
We
the
uncertainty
common
the
better
the
locate
cities, has
two
be
representing
make
quarrel continues,
the
in
of
they
tlie
it would
once
persons
cogency
which
upon
at
left
matter
the
see
and
;
to
power
of
between
bridge,
greatly injured
273
PACIFIC.
County,
similar,
disof
and
and
CHAPTER
XXVI.
The
Great
Bridge over
the Missouri.
In
this
chapter I
will describe
which
from
whose
Missouri
the
spans
E.
T.
that beautiful
The
River.
Sickels, Esq.,
the
bridge has
particular,both
the
cities of Council
be
proud, and join hands
one
heretofore
principles
and
lightness,without
seldom
in
seen
recommended
the
road
direction
by
; but
the
of Mr.
position.
To
274
Gen.
T.
Bluffs
and
of
of
this
class.
E.
has
Sickels
one
Omaha
has
The
been
erected
plans were
under
his election
the
grace
engineer of
chief
him, therefore,belongs
a
strength,
seeming
former
since
upon
it has
details,
the
structure
want
bridge
under
this
erected
Although
the
Dodge,
engineer
In
tained
ob-
were
BRIDGE,
the whole
bridges
facts
built.
in
employed,still,
peculiarities
; and
structure
toastingthe
finest in the world.
of the
some
in
RIVER
MISSOURI
the
been
direction
can
Company.
Transfer
The
"
honor
to
the
that
of hav-
ATLANTIC
THE
erected
ing
and
way,
the
that, too, at
dollars
bridge will
stand
and
skill,
source
a
(each
elevated
three
stone
filled with
the
sixtyfeet
play of
low
below
two
providefor
same
wrought
columns,
"
In
use
of the
with
level
iron has
but, for
afterwards
half for
substituted
been
high
; and
various
diameter,
of
Each
the
lying
underof
has
span
and
modified
traction.
con-
to
as
travel
railway ;
for cast
the
depth
highway
of
track
in
bed-rock
so
on
piers,formed
expansion
for
length),
supported
average
been
bridge
the
iron,in
on
and
the
water.
September, 1868,
:
a
originalplan has
the
above
and
in
foundations
an
prises
com-
ture
superstruc-
half
the
to
at
and
in the river.
water
inches
the iron columns
1869
is found
sand, which
The
the
piersextend
the
and
the company
a
The
masonr}^
engineer.
eleven
and
The
the company,
fiftyfeet
and
dred
hun-
a
engineering
of iron
high water,
every
cost.
of
of the
and
eight feet
cement
abutments
estimated
spans
abutments
masonry
iron columns
of cast
a
above
fiftyfeet
than
more
bridge adoptedby
hundred
in
success
monument
friends
two
span
of
its
entirelydistinct
eleven
a
just pride not only to
numerous
of the
plan
from
noble
a
of
also to the
The
as
it
saving
a
275
PACIFIC.
THE
bridge,making
thousand
but
TO
a
contract
the work
causes,
made
was
was
begun
the work
was
for
in
sinking
February,
delayed,and
entirelysuspended until April,1871, when
276
work
again commenced, which
was
than
heavy
it is
known
"
as
Those
holds
securely.
Post's
the
the
of the sections
lead
joint was
in this
of
three-eighths
to
of the
The
with
the
a
the
columns
were
lever.
column
air-pump;
by
and
The
half
an
inch
an
as
water
was
sand
then
was
red
(above high water)
sections
inch
top.
and
far
of
a
as
a
being
at
tened
fas-
of the iron
the
The
bottom
thickness
half.
possibleby
the
weight connected
within
expelledfrom
of air forced
within
a
The
air-tight. The
thickness
the
at
first sunk
tlie pressure
the
were
flanges
lathe ; and
them
top of the column
The
water
iron.
passing through
a
column
inch
portion is
the
off in
feet,the
cast-iron
to
application
below
of bolts
from
an
the
until
wrought
each, having internal
rivets.
portionvaries
nished
fur-
work,"
work
iron
columns
make
to
of ten
togetherwith
of the "false
of
faced
wrought-ironportionof
sections
river
securelyfastened together.
were
used
completed
was
is made
means
were
ends
ance
continu-
superstructureis of the plan
iron
feet
and, by
them, the sections
is also in
The
long
transportationof
place the
truss,"and
portionsof
ends ;
in
prosecuted
frozen
for the erection
in sections of ten
cast
at
and
termed, which
it is fastened
for the
foundation
iron work
the
The
anticipated.
was
secure
a
been
winter, the bridge
last
ice
of the
sooner
has
great vigor ; and, aided by
since with
as
ATLANTIC
THE
in
excavated
by
a
by
steam
labor-
down
ers
to about
and
taken
THE
two
feet below
air pressure
sank
a
distance
then
was
through which
the
was
This
which
of
process
has
other known
obtained
with
to
is
system
is liable to
the process
depth
The
an
on
column
eighteenfeet
materials
latter distance
column
any
India
By
subaqueous foundations
be
is very
stability
is
where
economy,
the construction
the
like
rivers
depths of fiftyor sixtyfeet.
scoured
surface of the
24
by
souri,
Mis-
composed chieflyof sand,
within
from
the
animals,were
to that extent
rock,in
found
very
to
every
be
similar
the attrition of sand
found
at
the
at least.
case
where
the
smooth, presenting
worn
to
In
columns,
water, showing that
rock
the
considerable.
below
appearance
for
this country.
bridgesin
can
and
feet
fifty
it,was
in
is similar to that
of
reached
columns
the
bones
been
upper
top.
The
Europe
bridges across
to
at the
wood, and
of
river-bed has
by
columns
in
excavatingsand
of
rotten
lignite
the
few
secure
scour
umn,
col-
of the
to
applicable
especially
for
of the
hours.
the river-bed
where
made
and
equal certainty
of foundations
and
a
method
depth necessary
The
for
to
passing.
was
sinkingiron
like purposes, and
no
character
largelyused
been
and
six inches
greatest descent
twenty-fourconsecutive
buckets
withdrawn,
the
the column
the bottom
bags or
varyingfrom
half,accordingto
a
277
PACIFIC.
in small
out
The
and
TO
the
under
effect jireduced
great pres-
278
ATLANTIC
THE
For
sure.
cohimus
greater security,the rock
in
was
which
into
recess
horizontal
instance
every
the
motion
of the
form
to
sunk, whereby
was
base
base
excavated
column
of the
at the
of the
columns
a
any
is effectually
prevented.
difficulties which
The
columns
the work
his
by
surmounted
were
in
was
its
but, in
of
wise
extensive
was
practice,
at
of
depth
which
either
results
same
the
work
of the columns
days,one
a
E.
the
of
eleven
of
''
only
so
:
a
way,
better ways,
cost
was
expedited.
sunk
columns
science,
that the
was
; the
aided
cut-off''
to find
and
7ieiv
that
so
was
of mechanical
was
seventy-two feet
Sickels
Sickels
ready,not
ever
lessened, while
seven
Mr.
instances,to suggest
many
they arose,
as
delayed.
knowledge
accomplishingthe
much
fast
as
brother,Mr. Frederick
fame, whose
and
no
in sinking the
anticipated
were
In
to its rock-bed
greatest depth
sunk
was
to
being
eighty-twofeet.
The
the
greatest
columns
square
extreme
this
inch
pressure
were
in
subjectedwas
of the
excess
pressure, which
character,no
to which
men
working
fifty-four
pounds
atmosphere ; yet
is beyond
injuryor
the
per
this
works
of
resulted
to
precedentin
inconvenience
from
in
the laborers.
The
serious
been
bridgeoperationshave, fortunately,
accidents
to
life
or
property.
It
was
free from
appre-'
280
ATLANTIC
THE
total
quantityof
hundred
is five
approach
yards,which
cubic
fiftythousand
and
almost
in. this
embankment
is
now
completed.
per
lineal
capable of sustaininga weight
of ten
the superstructure is
weight of
The
it is
foot ; and
tons
to the
not
intended
foot,in addition
that
foot shall at any
the heaviest
to its
greater load
a
be
time
would
locomotives
weight;
own
than
brought
ton
a
tons
two
about
weigh
A
it.
upon
but
the
to
of
train
and
ton
a
it is
a
half to the lineal foot.
Each
wrought-ironpiece of
tested with
inch
tensile
a
of sectional
strain is
great
as
requiredto
as
endure
superstructure
of five
strain
before
area,
the
tons
being accepted;
the
portion of
any
under
a
the
to
load of two
was
square
and
this
bridge will
be
to the lineal
tons
foot.
The
a
still the work
will
see
This
to
goes
after
had
the
the
more
hoped
to
bers,
num-
it since
over
that
be, after all,the
few
a
entirelycompleted in
chain
rails
running
It is
on.
bridge seemed
the treacherous
which
been
the structure
complete
Even
have
round
dollars; and,
three-quartersof
and
million
although trains
bridge has been, in
of the
total cost
spring,
months
detail.
every
link which
binding together the
were
Missouri
uncertain
joined
had
ways
to
at
be
than
was
oceans.
Promontory, still
passed
the
in
old
a
ferry,
ferryon
TO
Connecticut
the
in the
made
The
of
Eiver
Transfer
bridge. This has caused
be
unloaded
ISTow,by
AVest
Transfer
without
anxiety which
the
wise
the
and
natural
Pacific
K-oad
lumber-yards,and
the
their
should
run
passengers
the
; and
interests
their
on
sheds
Omaha,
and
the
whom
about
in
of the
any
will,
you
Union
their
now,
Whether
"c.
their
Bluff's
trains
roads
Eastern
to be
their
set
determined
passengers
will try to
they
east,
side receive
bridge,and
of the
companies
people,for
as
three
ought
interests
case
cars,
run
the
across
and
had
not
the
repair shops, their
for
the
to
trouble
be, as
the Council
whether
or
in
24*
and
taken
does
must
lated
stipu-
sum
have
terminus
Pacific)should
down
of the
at the
machine
trains
when
Pacific
to
repacked.
a
the
towns
necessar}^
their
convenience
rival
for,look
bridge,and
passengers,
of
All
Omaha, where
round-houses, their
across
trouble,especially
then
the payment
and
almost
the
across
of
cars, and
Union
facts ;
purpose
long time,all freightshad
a
two
the
is at
they (the Union
great deal
breaking bulk.
of
the
affect
merchandise
for the
Company, freight is
these
terminus
and
Eastern
agreement,
an
to the
Far
the
from
is
passage
Company.
formed
a
as, for
shippers;
the
was
Company
transportingpassengers
to
Now
Lyme.
at
of the Transfer
cars
281
PACIFIC.
THE
are
by
selves
them-
consult
the
created,this
282
like
question,
Even
which
effected,
for
as,
check
their
baggage
and
all
holder
the
side
roads
East
be
to
were
demanded
roads
Eastern
Omaha
the
changes
passengers
the
of
solution,
concerned.
many
of
the
on
entitling
Omaha,
West,
officers
reasonable
a
all
of
convenience
the
West;
the
from
the
instance,
find
will
stay
my
PACIFIC.
THE
advantage
equal
during
TO
others,
many
the
to
one
"
ATLANTIC
THE
of
sell
carried
;
now
passengers
tickets
across
to
the
bridge.
much
This
who
perfect
have
for
the
it
examined
safety
being
bridge,
of
pronounce
especial
which
all
a
mention.
great
the
engineers
success;
its
CHAPTER
View
Summary
West.
Object of
Our
"
California,
of
The
"
XXVII.
Advice
"
the
Series
of
was
as
these
series
done
in
that
will
we
hoff's
We
a
"
of
papers
book
a
can
and
time
and
but
for
only add,
ease
within
the
nent."
Conti-
all this
is
the
the
such
nation
a
Southern
than
they
the United
stripes." As
a
which
our
seeking
California
with
can
go
to
for
only
indeed
has
such
far
Cuba, and
people looking
the
found
tions
condi-
more
fort
com-
be
all the
States,protected by the
place
Nord-
the
race
all those
Harpers,
Eesidence."
has
boast, and
can
climate
State
better
Mr.
chapters of
this
as
closed
we
much
so
Health, Pleasure,and
that
about
something
invalids, before
to the
you
congenial home,
visit
said
recently published by
tropicalclimate
to be
for
;
only refer
only place with
have
to
residence
a
California
will
Letters, "Across
go
AGAIN.
intention
our
California
intending to
Valedictory.
CALIFORNIA
It
Those
to
for
283
"
a
stars
spot
284
where
find
they can
have
we
On
blasted ;
and
West
would
hand,
in every
said
better
Of
all the
succeeded
whole
in
of
those
of
gold,
fell in
who
the
"
All
summed
in
towns
tlieir
few
a
and
destination.
day, are
those
the
who
The
mining-camps
a
precarious living,for Chinamen,
who
the
wages,
American
could
has
dig over
obtained
afford to, and
still open,
abundant
Eastern
and
and
cents
live.
again
the
the
gold
The
;
that
fai'ming,
but
ranching
it is
by
is
filled
are
have
fare, to
in
come
from
only through
he
are
yieldsher
different
many
to
which
cleanly as
year,
so
be
larger
agriculturallands
Mother-earth,year
harvests
would
can
can
earth
as
land
mining
day, have
a
the
and
cities
upon
the
graves
California
in
depend
reduce
across
of wealth
repletion;
ten
the
reach
to
them, luxuriantlyon
a
ties.
proper-
Along
seen
struggles to
words.
overcrowded;
are
fertile
early pushed
observations
our
other
hardships of
their dreams
place where
be realized.
up
this
to
even
the
on
the
greatest physicalstrength
their
reaching
and
way,
of the
hopes
seek
handsome
in
who
of
through the
the
for
ground
who
but,
:
all
ease
throng
vast
those
plains,only
and
at
were
East
braved
had
who
men
of those
the
in
the
evidences
saw
many
city and town,
settlement, and
new
furnish
must
very
many,
labor,whafc
field for their
side,we
every
do
were
valleys,
better
a
heretofore
judgment.
the
ATLANTIC
THE
from
failures,
TO
that
the
agriculturisthas
The
favors.
lands
unfit
well
for
adapted
has
many
and
achieved;
work
in the
to have
the
interest
in
long
a
been
after
has
success
come
do
to
and
found
of
only
that
failures,
have
wine
worthy
has
department,it
Chinamen
been
The
grapes.
vineyard: indeed,they
saved
have
planting
"
of trials and
years
her
win
to
inducements,
more
important^
very
this
In
chapter.
for
growing
become
now
how
learned
offers
vineyard
seemingly
28b
PACIFIC.
THE
been
all the
fairlybe
can
wine-growing interests
from
said
able
irretriev-
ruin.
would
I
any
find
If
asking.
he
It is
up
goes
and
work;
must
where
place
a
a
find
the
that
to
where
the
made
into
advice
to
to
deer
a
ever
will
men
for
such
a
a
come
Do
we
a
wards.
re-
living is easily
place where
no
Indian
venture
will
one
his
spends
he will have
for himself
no
a
his
wigwam-door
do
much
where
its
ourselves
placefound,I
is,to stay
the
Pacific,he
give
to
us
fancies
to
the
of
ignorant
could
by
success
anywhere bring
place where
do, and
venison.
young
will
induce
he
California,
shores
place where
poor,
days in lookingfor
(hiswork)
the
it will be
The
stay.
to
a
there is
like
in
command
mistake
grave
made; for,if
assertion
could
would
pictureas
a
he
working
trying to
to
such
expect, that,anywhere
to
one
draw
not
ing
huntheaven
to
Our
better?
they are
be
;
and,
286
if
they
fortunate
are
be
will
success
majorityof
both
Ennoble
in
as
that
and
themselves
in
"
and
success,
into
the
our
I do
But
worthy
wealth
an
sober
such
the
which
character, in
upon
words
and
not
they find
command
receive
sation
compen-
their
of
work.
and
will
West,
essay
a
is becoming
means,
will
in
much
so
whether
labor,instead
their
intend
in
a
men,
women
j^oung
not
of
or
their
living without
a
young
East
lies not
American
our
that
West,
go
notion
New-
good
a
who
success
get
our
on
be assured
baneful
; make
then
be
those
of
must
we
accordingto
is
the
the workman
eyid,
an
and
want
inwrought
sexes,
work,
The
cases.
so
to
greater than
location
our
enough
and
England farm, stick
in
ATLANTIC
THE
sex.
subjectwdiich
a
such
thoughtful
reflection.
the
To
of
man
property,
her
unparalleledin
varied
The
climates,and
great
over
warrants
us
health,to
make
were
the
in
nothing of
and
trees
with
and
ease
is made
portion
no
this
of
a
Union
and
with
visit to
interest
the
at the
in
scenery,
end
Pacific
Eoads
in
State.
of their
tality.
hospi-
journey
those
Golden
their
her
the
which
Central
advising all,even
a
her
vested
in-
more
plants,pleasing in
people noble
comfort
has
earth
in
California,wonderful
than
attractions
independent by
leisure,made
delicate
If
there
journey,tliey
288
step, we
were
make
trying to
the
friends
our
the
passed,and
forciblyimpressed with
letters ; and
and
which
"
in
there
series
a
of
in
the
see
to
way
With
One
aim
seemed
to
taking
our
then
proper
hence
we
men.
met, by
firmed
con-
Chicago,
the
cidents
in-
series of letters
a
idea
we
became
which
made
were
write
to
scriptiv
de-
first letter
our
in
16,
promise,
a
you
only the points
not
but
California,
to
we
appeared May
describe
to
journey
day,
a
will all recall
plan, and
our
letters
a
to
of
speak
them."
kept
we
people, that
and
in
feelingof duty
a
you
readers
talk
might
on
be
country,
introduced
when
better
must
one
you
the
on
had
we
viz.,to write
;
several
the
what
acauainted
along
go
could
we
over
of the
have
view
kept steadilyin
all
verdict,whether
or
made.
promise then
the
that
us
the
remains
readers
our
have
we
the
were
country through which
resting for
penned,
laid out
we
of interest
not
formed
pected
ex-
press!
Beaching Chicago, and
then
we
we
acquaintedwith
of the
people we
than
people,tha^
decision
our
trip, and
of the
to the
of
wisdom
astonislied
more
country and
in the
we
much
so
the
by
of
ATLANTIC
THE
to
they
excursions
know
those
were
It
journey.
understood
seen.
for
by
made,
To
gain
the
people:
with
whom
a
characteristic
TO
No
words
wlio
dailypasses
I could
California;for
letters."
It
have
the
see
the
spare
desired
we
I
his
and
maybe
path
very
stored away
or
"
be
a
of
faithful
the
in
thanks
to
during our
journey, to
indebted
for
the
and
favors
each ; but
we
thought,
Across
the
only claim
can
the
from
"
of
seen,
and
to
record
a
facts before
us
if
25
to
Let
to
friends
those
whom
new
all of whom
we
courtesies.
We
this,then, be
return
we
to
many
found
we
friends
are
so
would
omit
each
made
greatly
gladly
some
a
one
sincere
of their kindnesses.
question has
home,
omit
fear to do so, lest
long list.
acknowledgment
return
have
we
new
aim
was
not
those
West, and
the
The
and
what
must
throughout
from
structi
in-
as
rewarded;
are
some
of letters
judgments
we
closing,
heartfelt
name
well
:
time.
And,
and
series
of
description
well-considered
at the
Pacific
one,
we
those
"
the
to
If, for
gained
the purpose
and
;
have
trip to
fact before unknown.
some
Such, then, were
Continent
hours.
for his
wrote,
travel
to
man
a
readingyour
from
we
then
brighter,
many
of
your
bring pleasure as
to
little
2i
that
men
for their leisure
made
enjoyed
country
time
those
kettle in hand
with
for such
was
could not
for them
said, "
than
more
us
door
our
he
work, when
who
cheered
ever
289
PACIFIC.
THE
we
often
had
seen
been
any
asked
us
place that
since
we
our
would
290
for
prefer
No
said,
The
!
more
England
is
dear
is
dearer.
done,
Williams
assured
that
is
stability
to
them
and
historic.
The
liome;
*^
Across
The
shores
West
of
yet
the
we
the
pray
Continent."
is
and
Our
are
all
begun
that
we
may
the
East,
land
gives
churches,
our
and
we
write
around
live
its
shall
again,
and
which
founded,
to
Roger
secure
this
is
then,
Narragansett,
of
of
libraries,
The
just
it
little
West.
vast
of
communities
;
hood,
child-
our
land
feeling
a
memories.
has
the
have
we
the
the
all
and
us;
West
colleges,
fond
cluster
the
of
scenes
than
older
society.
our
schools
our
to
all
accomplished
charms
our
in
wanting
the
been
There
in
success
To
birth,
our
has
has
have
New
of
where
arena
Providence.
to
city
PACIFIC.
THE
TO
residence
a
the
we
ATLANTIC
THE
in
history.
make
some
is
us
day,
a
go
CHAPTEE
Down
the
Denver
I
have
Denver
a
Union
Pacific
hundred
and
Denver, and,
in
to this
gave
and
the
aid
of
day
Cheyenne
to Evans
day
of
the whole
over
It
was
fact,the
in
this
of
initial
rado
Colothe
road
is
steps towards
The
1867.
whole
into
way
Cheyenne by
length
the
of Denver.
capitalists
Territoryof Colorado,
important enterprisetheir hearty approval;
sixteenth
second
; and
liberallydid they
so
with
The
Greeley and
of
first View
is from
taken
were
Towns
Our
"
Pacific
six miles
it
The
"
mentioned, the
Pailway.
buildingof
the
of
heretofore
the
from
Railroad.
their Characteristics.
Evans, and
As
Pacific
XXVIII.
a
of
Eastern
to the
car
As
Cheyenne
stock, that,
influence,on
miles
December, 1869, fifty-eight
opened;
were
June, 1870, the
length of
train
is
for tlie
capital and
the
pleasant June
our
subscribe
in
on
this
the
first
and
the
on
the
from
twenty-
passenger-trainwent
road.
afternoon
road, and
extreme
that
we
started
south
coupled
for Denver.
of
291
Wyoming,
292
and
in
running
far
leaving Wyoming,
view, stretchingaway
the
as
; and
is
sun
and
dark
sight
about
is,indeed; and
the
is
Peak
a
jestic
ma-
summit
to
the
west
A
hills.
of
will the
long
south
snow-clad
ever
ridge
a
and
west
clouds, while
ominous
just sinking behind
it
Colorado.
E-ocky Mountains
Long's
its
long
not
are
into
the
to
reach.
can
eye
mountain
hang
south, we
Territoryand
of that
out
after
into
come
due
lies almost
course
our
Soon
as
ATLANTIC
THE
grand
scene
remain
us
describe
in
mind.
are
in
geographicallocation
and
Now
that
we
Colorado, let
limits.
the
latitude,where
Washington
meridian
to
thence
the
meridian
of
south
said
north
The
along
latitude to the
;
to
the
from
the
of
and
thence
said
on
latitude;
north
thirty-second
the
Washington
northern
line
thence
;
of
New
place of beginning."
of
recognized on
its territorial
Territoryof
to
from
west
north
Colorado
the
map
surroundings.
Wyoming
and
the
:
north
thirty-seventhparallelof
geographicallocation
easilyfound
is the
longitudewest
thence
Mexico;
same
parallelwest
meridian
follows
as
twenty-fifthmeridian
parallelof
forty-first
said
Congress
thirty-seventhparallelof
the
crosses
along
on
the
on
of
act
its boundaries
creating the Territorygives
"Commencing
The
its
be
can
by
On
an
nation
examinorth
the
State
more
of
Ne-
TO
braska
;
the east, the State of Kansas
on
Mexico
Kew
293
PACIFIC.
THE
and
;
the
on
west,
the
on
;
the
south,
Territory of
Utah.
In
shape, Colorado
of
area
A
ride
105,708
of
is
nearlysquare,
67,653,120
miles,or
square
evidences
It
increase.
who
lands
the
two
and
number
of
thousand
;
feet wide.
kinds
two
of
water-power
soil is
The
are
crops
lyceums,
lodge,one
under
acres
Good
plough
canal
two
a
are
and
grist-mill,
25*
Railway,
; number
about
are
acres
at
fifty
under
now
(said canals
being
long ) ;
miles
present,about
miles
grown.
There
are
and
long
about
mechanics
five
five
thirty
twenty
of
all
Fellows'
schools,and
brick, in
stores
kinds.
all
churches,
Odd
lodge, one
Templars' lodge,four
There
la
a
and
unsurpassedfor fertility,
of
large graded school-building
erection.
Cache
thousand
twenty-seven
Masonic
one
the
Colony,"
Pacific
of
irrigatingcanals, thirty thousand
twelve
respectively
Union
there
and
Number
of land.
acres
assured
an
Cheyenne, April 5, 1870.
from
buildingsfive hundred;
thousand
Denver
and
far
not
"
valleyof
the
on
Denver
between
populationis
The
in
the
old,
years
and
growtli,
of
centre
and
Kiver,
half way
substantial
is the
purchased
Poudre
of
of
two
ing
thriv-
a
"
yet
an
acres.
miles brings to Greeley,
fifty-six
settlement,which, although not
gave
embracing
process
and
The
a
of
shops,
trade
294
with
the
while
the
There
valleys is large, and
other
there
is
and,
other
or
few
the
March
as
Western
15, 1861,
where
The
wanting
if that
is the
Pailroad
make
to
sixty thousand
they stand
But
Denver,
seat
of
well with
"
queen
most
railroad
on,
the
hearers
and,
so
the other
and
city of
forms
the Platte
on
a
confluence
important city,west
are
liard
bil-
no
located
here,
lecturers
the
different
conspicuous
Evans
at
;
would
Denver
The
South
and,
only
Pacific
colon}^have
prosperitygoes,
as
settlements.
just
the
town
the
so
sold
far
central
is very
neatness
all converts.
;
forbidding
crosses
depot
over
after six
plain."
Arapahoe County, and
is situated
Creek
acres
push
we
Colony, which
Liquor is
them
the
Evans,
to
temperance
their
take
to
deeds
the streets.
thrift and
cause,
all the
there
the
here.
peculiarfeature is,that
consequence,
air about
That
Greeley.
tring
cen-
into closer communication
forever
come
St. Louis
Eiver.
railroads
is inserted
along
we
on,
other
Greeley,and, in
natural
a
saloons
miles
in
covenant
there is
have
be
One
towns.
liquorsold
given,a
its sale ;
from
rapidlygrowing.
are
place,bringing it
cities and
no
of land
Platte
country
constantly increasing;
will,undoubtedly,soon
with
A
and
town
at this
of
ATLANTIC
THE
the
River, at
with
o'clock
It
is the
capitalof
a
that
we
of the Missouri
county-
Colorado
point where
stream.
reach
;
Cherry
It
is the
Eiver, east
of
CHAPTER
its
Denver,
History and
Colorado
The
Now
that
give
gold
was
This
earlysettlement
found
As
the
Dec.
day
of
April,a
property
valued
1864,
the
on
but
Indians
nearly
she
so
has
only
the
increased.
more
quarter
a
day
time
by
the
but, out
men
resolute
Within
1863,
the
a
of
of
who
and
the
West
St.
was
nineteenth
city,destroying
The
all these
Again,
next
in
stroyed,
de-
city was
year,
inhabitants
the
were
early catastrophes,
settled
determined
last five
Creek.
called
was
the
the
few
that
fact
called
now
the
May,
flood.
had
the
million.
a
city,that
of
1858, a
Cherry
on
"
can
cit}^government
through
; the
296
The
fire swept
blockaded
come
is
In
nineteenth
:
what
19, 1859.
this
starved
on
increased,it
Denver.
at
from
"
day, we
In
city.
View.
Golden.
a
east,
comprised
settlement
of
Denver
the
miles
Mountain-
City
place Auraria,
few
a
Charles, afterwards
organized
in
descriptionof
Grand
The
"
been
the
A
"
Railroad.
have
we
emigrants named
Denver.
Situation.
Central
better
a
XXIX.
years,
as
there
the
she
seeming
hardships
has
taken
ATLANTIC
THE
and
is
a
streets
privatedwellingsare
schoolhouses
the
peopletheir advantages.
for
young
which
ladies,
through
sippi.
Missis-
well
kept ;
the
; the churches
the
city,giving
seminary
a
reputationbeyond
a
;
their appointmen
in
is here
There
has
New-
increasing trade
comfortable
scattered
are
of the
and
broad
and
neat
most
luxurious
are
are
the
west
great and
a
warehouses
The
and
of
centre
and
her stores
far
by
that I found
England-looking town
She
is
297
PACIFIC.
THE
forward, and
strides
mighty
TO
the
Territory.
city is located
The
of
the
mountains, which
The
fiftyfeet
that
offer
the
above
sea
Eocky
and
upon
it
many
fine
iron.
There
city,which
offer
A
Standingin
Missouri
base
of
fully
delightborder
River,
miles,to the base
is the
of
are
several
to the
of
principalstreet
blocks
pleasanthomes
is
the western
the
for six hundred
Larimer
brick,stone, and
the
sixty-twohundred
near
from
Mountains.
are
from
the climate
; and
great plain,which,
the
miles
elevated
is situated
stretches westward
Eiver, at the junction
Platte
great protectionagainst the
city is
Denver
mild.
of
the
Cherry Creek, thirteen
fierce winds.
and
on
stores,built
hotels
in
;
of
the
tourist.
MOUNTAIN-VIEW.
the main
street
of
the
city,and
turning
298
to the
west,
Peak, and
the
of us,
front
length
hundred
many
of them
are
feet
above
the
sea,
are
clouds
rest
far down
the
idea of the
We
snow-clad
Atlantic
sparklein
when
the
reached
sun
their snowy
his beams
the
these
morning
you
even
still evening on,
and
is
bear in
fourteen
sand
thou-
the whole
year,
sides,you
can
scene.
They
mountains.
in its journey from
sides,and
they were
:
mountains
their
grandeur of
; in
the Arkansas
when
than
more
lingeredlong,looking at
enchanting,as
of
; and
miles
Long's
to the south
away
range
that
gain some
more
them
made
enchanting
"
"
Had
for,as the
the
this
of
passed
unsur-
Cheyenne
the hills towards
and
is
have
we
to
; and
Gray's Peak
two
that
were
north
the
than
mind
the
To
stretchingaway
Peak,
The
River.
and
have
we
which
mountain-view
a
hills
Pike's
have
more
have
we
the continent.
on
we
ATLANTIC
THE
Came
in her sober
sun
all things clad
livery
left their western
faces,seemed
mute
The
advocates
time
has
to stand
and
the
deep, dark
ploughed,through
out
solemn, that
so
of Nature's
people of Denver,
thrifty
;
"
;
as
there is much
in
sides to sink himself
Pacific,their grim forms, with
which
twilightgray
their
rows
fur-
rocky
they become
power.
a
class,are
wealth
and
intelligent
accumulated
among
TO
the citizens.
No
; and
newspapers
which
and
love
hamlet.
the
for
William
N.
excitement.
He
Spending
toiled
the
were
which
almost
superhuman.
of that
Horace
in
covered
at from
and
his
this
the
found
a
a
a
grets.
re-
Mountain
the
first
Pike's Peak
complete
hospitablehome,
so
section
made
crowd
find
this
their
scene
of that
and
seem
hold
now
gathered was
fortunes!
; and
The
of excitement
pleasantSunday
of
fortune.
a
"
treasure
which
gave
search
in
were
we
thousands
many
to
golden
he
fifteen to twenty thousand
company
upon
then
The
Greeley visited
1849,
such
most
ever-vanishingphantom,
ground
few
the
of
of
many
Eocky
which
descriptions
plainsto
strugglesas
estimated
The
excitement,when
ever-luringbut
Such
left with
Colorado, took
one
especial
West.
in the
Peak
across
now
evening at
an
greatlyinterested
the Pike's
of
"
table
hospi-
will create
Territoryduring the
has
in the
printing-offices
of
citizens
city worthy
a
be
tivated,
cul-
published in
received
there
it will
paper
the
into
printing-press
the
Denver
Byers, editor
leading
suppliedwith
high-toned and
we
many
week
a
town, that
the
News,"
from
of
stay
a
is
found
We
will find
Tourists
visit ; and
is better
said of the papers
be
cannot
kind ; and
favors.
its size
their character
Western
a
many
cityof
299
PACIFIO.
THE
addressed
how
late
early
the
300
ATLANTIC
THE
crowd
assembled
Black
Hawk.
There
people within
audience!
become
intense,died
which
to
scattered
the
!
be
"
found
were
the
to
the
the
little settlement
remain
other
in
had
which
had
and
sections,
a
of
gaining
became
they
the
over
toiled
that
of Denver
to reach
hard
so
plains.
fortune
was
turned
their attention
a
not
to
livelihood ; and
to
find
for
they
to
came
food.
gained
now
the
an
gradually,
partlyby
ground, and
shelter and
has
Denver
sand
thou-
What
excitement
rushed, until
found
legitimatemodes
themselves
must
from
stood.
mountains, and
"
promised land
picked up
he
more
Thus, by degrees,those who
this
The
away
adventurers
through
of
city.
,
diggings which
new
built the
now
where
orator
an
is
probably gatheredten
were
sightof
What
so
where
by
near
such
a
position,that
she
metropolisof Colorado.
GOLDEN.
Seventeen
pretty
the
miles
of
town
main
range
almost
of the
two
some
mountains
thousand
of basaltic
Mountains,
so
Rocky
rock,called
situated
^.s
to
the
among
foot-hills of
Mountains.
County, and
souls.
lies the
of Denver
west
Golden, nestled
county-seat of Jefferson
of
due
contains
There
North
It
are
and
a
is the
tion
populahuge
two
South
Table
completelyshelter
the
thrivinghamlet
the
oldest
upon
both
the
from
settlements
who
by gulch miners,
quantities
along the
We
reached
by
its eastern
on
a
this town
windows,
have
we
Pacific about
west
to
which
the
CENTRAL
Colorado
Central
mile
a
Golden
rushes
by
pushed
taken
must
its
on
this
success
a
the chief
are
gentlemen
com'pelsuccess.
the
from
car-
reached
by
miles up
the
under
its
to
sixteen
runs
the
miles
caiion, down
is found
be
to
canon
the
the work
; and
Union
line.
Much
is
road
The
rail.
Pacific has
and
it
credit
for
fosteringcare;
important
due
Kansas
the
Central,Idaho, and
Hawk,
possible. The
as
very
of
opened
been
has
great mining section which
officers of the company,
engineer,Capt. Edward
and
men
the
Black
be
is also
and
canon
company
become
Denver,
; which
fast
as
Boad,
Central
leaves
Creek
alreadygraded several
is
E-ailroad
to
which
can
ing
pay-
RAILROAD.
entrance
the cities of
Georgetown,
gold in
which,
the
and
only route
embraces
from
Clear
lies
fine view.
a
COLORADO
The
hotel
our
of
one
creek.
Colorado
the
over
of the town, of
east
found
of the
banks
is
determined
position
a
"
It
and
Territory,
long time
a
division ; and
high bank
the
in
Creek,
for
winds.
winter
made
sides of Clear
301
PACIFIC.
THE
TO
enterpriseand
Berthond.
judgment;
They
and
such
302
Our
walk
the
people
the
tourist
the
about
is
place
the
for
so
the
keep
House
it
;
them
entitles
A
commodations.
trips
here,
the
which
for
one
carriages
various
and
larger
here
fine,
so
good
a
for
hotel
in
hotel
is
the
good
a
is
scenery
;
for
way
to
new
d^appui
is
the
and
the
pleasure;
great
us
place
had
be
There
mountains.
Golden
The
his^om;^
can
given
located,
hospitable.
make
to
PACIFIC.
THE
has
town
prettily
so
saddle-horses
and
TO
ATLANTIC
THE
into
called
the
proprietors
extended
more
I
building,
ae-
told,
was
was
contemplated.
Thus
a
name
in
west.
tlie
much
telling
huge
for
our
of
the
mountains
first
treasure
whose
day's
in
stay
which
crests
this
lies
rise
up
far
with
town
the
away
canon,
to
the
304
which
road
named
the
the
bank
we
defile,
pass
the
^'
Golden
beautiful
familiar
seen
here
and
By
a
faces
which
toll-gate,
toilsome
had, and
thence
which
whence
down
wended
we
road
lay. Capt.Berthoud*
much
had
covered
rode
we
charmed
foot,and
; for
by,
with
road,then
There
I
was
kind
of
an
iron
(oh !
thoroughlychange) the
up
to
slow ; then
Edward
how
Berthoud
extensive
in his honor.
the
laying
were
event
mining-camps,
easy
was
knowledge
! and
born
made
step
every
his way
the
in
romance
an
with
our
on
formed
had
day
on
the
.
to drive
"
City.
meadows,
tallz that
not
was
Canon
horse,
Hawk
rocks,too, he
Clear-creek
they
he
is
Creek,
through which
times
If there
view
Clear
mountain
familiar
was
forgetmyself.
a
the
of timber
the flowers and
acquaintance.
called
summit
Black
to
with
it many
over
the
of North
way
majesticgrowths
of the way
an
has been
peculiarlycharming
our
the
Has
As
garden appeared
own
the banks
to
and
*
days
and, as
reached
a
were
plain
;
our
journey we
We
so
June
flowers
in
little hrook.
a
there.
Gray's Hill,from
an
of
The
Gate."
hillsides with
man}^
up
the
lay along
the
enter
we
ATLANTIC
THE
which
mode
was
in France.
of mountain-life,
He
is
which
to
change
toilsome
so
the
making
over
going from
of
now
"
we
track
a
for up
ride;
an
Berthoud
the
and
journey
engineer
Pass
on
of repute.
Avas
named
TO
days remaining before
of the few
one
long
so
changed. Sure, Chapin
is
The
"
exclaimed,
have
305
PACIFIC.
THE
the
jerked
nineteenth
been
right when
was
the
steam-engineand
has
all that
he
electric-telegrap
thousand
century a
years
ahead/'
It had
railroad
always been
the
to
up
considered
mines
and, in
;
as
Territory,the legislature,
the
august bodies
annually pass
of the
bill
a
capitala
To
no
its
success
one
they then
is this
to
as
has
naturallyturned
; and
to
reached
closely
joinedin
known
the
the canon,
of
the
of the
much
spirits
Clear-
up
day
to-
mountains.
indebted
of the
for
Union
undertakings.
vast
the
Missouri,he
and
Canon,
banks
resolved
of the
to
roaring
accomplished.
the
first of
and
clever
to
steam-engine is puffing
the
along the
such
impossibleis
bridgeover
Clear-creek
track
days
of
railroad
a
the
all
great
a
session,used
deemed
Suffice it to say it is all
have
are
cities
within
which
the
lie
tion
corpora-
as
BLACK
The
of the
enterpriseso
directed
narrow-gauge
We
wont
Superintendent Sickels
he finished the
stream.
is the
build
to
company
man
Pacific,who
lay a
earlier
steep grade into the heart
the
up
day
the
incorporatingall
accomplished fact
an
After
last
What
Canon.
creek
the
on
build
impossibleto
which
first object
26*
HAWK.
meets
our
view is the office of the
306
Colorado
and
Boston
ability. These
much
known
besides
felt constrained
We
Central, while
him,
how
has remained
received
We
many
the
shown,
made
were
the
mode
We
limits
wish
the
description;
saying that
"matte,"
and
the
as
gold,and
ores
it is
the
of this
but
are
and
he
the
in
the
ores,
all
were
content
then
consists
shipped
reduced,and
than
All the
before.
chapterwould
is
we
his works
successful
"matte,"
must
which
hour
the
time
roasted,and
in this state
unalloyed.
in
the
us,
called,which
there to be further
pure
we
to
on
go
professorknows
a
encountered
been
assaying
forming
hence
professor.Finding
looking over
had
roasting and
up
age.
plainto
of
give
ore
people:
a
fessor,
pro-
growing old^ while
has been
length of
same
difficultieswhich
ores
the
out
in
Hill
in the
did
ever
ally
gener-
The
carriageto
our
instruction
more
rule
greeting as
a
with
ease
Prof.
spent with
we
to leave
such
at
to
so
city.
give a pupil who
to
more
the
make
to
how
sought
we
received
we
how
the
of
he is the mayor
are
Smelting-Works."
know
to
works
extensive
knowing
said
gold,is
Prof.
University,presides with
"Hill's
as
whicli
Smelting-WorkS; over
Brown
Hill, formerly of
the
ATLANTIC
THE
to
the
reduciug
processes
of
process
explained.
permit
an
tended
ex-
by
ourselves
reduced
of copper,
to
a
iron,
Swansea, England,
gold taken
out
TO
We
cannot
Prof.
Hill,we
in
through
the
line
would
the
city,and
all the
he, in
Let
describe
me
BLACK
Two
We
in
in
rode
Central.
exactlywhere
but
is;
will describe
we
were
knows
cities
Colorado,if
I
declare
had
I
I
it,that
find it.
not
settlement,which
huge
AND
HAWK
CENTRAL
the
by
goes
over
and
over,
street,with
narrow
and
singlefile (ifall are
houses
set
and
together,
along
going in
their door
little shops and
side
either
of which
into
the
been
; little
enough
highway
opening directlyinto
little stores
;
a
for
the
direction),
same
this
of
had
irregularheaps ;
side wide
one
on
perpendicularsides
bed
thrown
walk
a
CITY.
with almost
mountains
rushing mountain-stream, the
dug
a
this
we
mayor
two
gold
but, with
;
of
names
a
told
night, could
dark
a
"
works
quartz-mining.
on
the
the
between
"
stamp-mill,"which
were
doubt
no
wager
even
"
a
chapter
our
I have
Now,
the
delay longer at
visited
307
PACIFIC.
THE
close
the streets ;
and
banking-offices
lawyers'signs,with smelting-worksand stamp-millsjust
behind
these
these houses
mountains, houses
with
long steps to
reach
and,
farther
the
entrances
up,
to the
still)
; and, up
(allnow
mines,
perched
them,
little
with
one
where
sheds
this
canon
above
dwell
which
the sides
the
the
of
other,
miners
cover
widening
;
the
out
a
308
little at
end, where
its upper
House," looking down
Teller
of solid rock
which
upon
by blasting,with
dust
thousand
Black
A
a
persons,
walk
Teller,an
brick
you
from
shade, and
with
towns
have
you
cross-
hotel,the
the
shelf
made
was
dust ;
(oh the
five to
from
the
cities of
the
Teller
seven
Central
Hawk.
of
a
mile
hotel,and
new
and
"
huge
upon
or
people the
a
several
are
stands,and which
it
trees
no
then
!)and
and
there
buildings,and
with
lined
streets
"
ATLANTIC
THE
brought us
the Colorado
It
kept well.
Kailroad,and
Central
erected
was
Central, and
of
old resident
to
House,
M.
H.
by
"
presidentof
now
is creditable
his
to
and publicsjDirit.
enterprise
A
previous notions.
our
love
of
gold
alone
"
the
world
By
solid
the
start
by
so
the
up
has been
ore
granite,
small
"
excavated,and
the
is
dwellingat
walking
where
It is
down
wide
several feet ;
as
your
far the
an
seams
which
you
The
; then
This
high
tain
moun-
in
altitude.
out
then, again,narrow,
entirelylost.
in this
largest community
taken
hand
the
"
hillsides,
you
which
confirmed
peculiarsettlement,
a
high
peculiar formation.
as
morning only
keeping people up
and
region,
was
the cities next
drive about
find
can
between
from
been
have
look, and
can
would
opening
widen
it would
and
so
last condition
on
places
walls of
entirely
observe
perhaps
out
to
until the vein
the
miners
call
TO
^^
"
petering out
And
for.
owned
and, when
;
notion
my
in the East
heard
never
of
peters out, it
great deal
a
be in
dividend
a
mine
a
is,that
must
309
PACIFIC.
THE
is done
of the
petered-out mines
having
been
stock
; for I
in
seen
these
parts.
Here
has been
when
all those
were
and by
written,-
speculationwas
their
; for
names
rise in
readers'
our
But
still gold and
the
basis
The
are
and, so long
to
to
and
in that
millions
seven
to
and
the
set
or
silver
more
years
not
enumerate
unhappy
memories
them
looking over
to
is and
and
numerous,
is
a
of them
many
of working
probability
found
plenty
a
of
yieldsnow
gold and
very
figure.
That
of
generalmeans
the
men
to
from
five
years,
year
be
grow
only awaits
;
creased
infrom
ter
bet-
transportationthroughout
abundant
more
mountain-districts,
and
result
;
mines
silver per
few
ceedingly
ex-
business
twenty-five or thirtymillions,and
articles of export ; and
remain
must
attractive
very
be
will
Gold
to
prosperity.
of dollars in
cheaper supplies.
ago,
stock-certificates.
industry. Colorado
indefinite
an
will
mining
production will,in
that
that to
cause
there is fair
there
We
much
so
talked,in
more
embellished
Mining
as
advantage,
engage
minds,
very
rich.
far
might
of Colorado's
mines
lodes of which
rife.
so
we
engraved and
-finely
as
famous
silver
amount
are
labor, and
her
has been
principal
sufficient,
310
the
from
The
and
now
could
fuel
fuel
better
I
be
used
could
to
be
and
than
all
change
covered
by
from
and
of
this
the
cheaply.
forbid
the
make
hidden
;
favor.
The
and
these
engines
recesses.
are
that
mines
when
to
ores
the
the
working
scene
drawing
of
of
mountains
the
will
up
where
items
rather
opening
railroad
place
two
one
;
which
the
some
Now
hand
at
now
many
well
pay
prosperity.
puffing
their
Hill
transport
transportation
mines,
her
the
keep
to
country,
transportation
would
had
the
in
Prof
by
unworked
were
richest
will
of
means
assured
was
of
always
exchange
PACIFIC.
THE
TO
settlement
first
of
balance
ores
ATLANTIC
THE
the
of
the
only
of
lation
deso-
railroad
again
be
precious
312
trict
Attorney
for
Unhesitatingly I
thicket.
This
When
reached
miles
fun
morning's adventures
do
justiceto
the
what
a
good
dinner.
codfish for breakfast
ten
o'clock,that
it."
appetite,
just
; for it
I wouldn't
if any
Now,
farmer
readers
of my
climb
down
such
desire
a
always
thirst
dollars
valuable
as
mountain
a
I
a
hundred
of
me
said, "Now,
a
three
; for the
out
reminded
givesme
take
rest,and
appetitewhich
an
It
!
about
set
me
the
village. When
place we
given
into
to
ourselves
had
eat
the
; and
mountain
a
down
sat
found
Connecticut
old
rocks, and
by towards
Idaho, for which
from
would
the-
hillside.
him
accompany
road, we
road, we
the
the
trudging down
"
the
to
to
mountain-
to
down
easy
over
carriage drive
our
saw
down
was
nearly
was
way
volunteered
started
we
away
who, used
Wyoming,
the
climbing, said
we
ATLANTIC
THE
by
for
an
thousand
few
feet in Colorado.
Just
by
near
our
on
a
headed
little
Said
these
We
he,
parts ?
''
Ah
! I
accosted
Haven't
to
came
we
which
us,
came
with
and
a
spring,and
an
old gray-
whom
we
at
heard
you
mentioned
name
my
in
"
assured
mountains
little
talk.
a
"
a
from
log-cabin,
who
man,
began
once
way
him
; at which
see.
that
he
we
had
not
been
long
in the
quicklycaught,and said,
Looking
"
for claims.
Now, I teU
ye
I
have
got
of the richest leads
some
will sell 'em
We
that
him
this old
property,
He
alone ; for all
last
At
all
ready to
my
name,
receive
this
the
oppositehad
into the Beebe
springswere
were
a
favorite
had
been
dug
from
still
for many
months,
by
was
section,and
House
means
you
go
will
27
the
his
has
to
their
out
long
resort
of the
Thus
to
find
Idaho
I introduce
was
Springs.
early miners, and
after all the
creek which
the great tent, the
the
woods
in the
Lost
entrance
flows
gold
by
great pine,its
is still standing the
over
enter
alreadydone by some
the
to
friends
our
to
register
at Idaho
known
"
all
found
bears."
paintedin largeletters, Saint's
By
eking
offeringrefreshingshade,
branches
the
been
House
the bed
There
to
written, "
up
place of
at hand.
near
buy
mountains
these
are
and
village,
it had
day ; probablyeaten
These
and
come
through
Going
us.
that
I found
friend,who
Here
of wealth.
entered
we
mining
claims,
various
this is all he
who
characters,
just such
lives in dreams
to
one
right; for
possessory
is not
see
you
some
of
ill suit him.
to
his
alone,protecting
man
a
"
of
seemed
patiently
waitingfor
sell.
I
and
saw,
in search
not
were
we
which
a fact
properties,
and
ever
you
cheap."
assured
lives
313
PACIFIC.
THE
TO
under
which,
popularsaloon
to
which
was
Rest."
Springs,and
at the Beebe
pleasant accommodations.
Many
314
Eastern
people find
during the
A
of
ATLANTIC
THE
find
home, sheltered
a
Extensive
high mountain-peaks.
located
here ; and
is made
to the
ride
the bed
its
a
town,
back
and
for the
over
and
fresh and
green
change
rich
through
be blind
indeed
with
ride from
to Nature's
Idaho
brick
fuel ; also
made,
are
ledges
of
a
seems
works
and
farms
and
mountain-
2:)astures.So
luxuriant
this
of which
some
as
of
he must
enchanted
Nature
as
has
be erected the
ore
gold from
by the
pass
they
from
Utah
now
are
which
from
fire-clay,
far away
receive the
sliall
separate the pure
the
were
is not
side,we
peculiar limestone, which
that here mast
which
into the
great beds
sent
; for
to Golden.
building-material.Truly
It
country
struck
who
glories
city from
and
and
over
Nature.
so
fields,
from
great coal-deposits,
digging
dug
been
miles,
many
the streams, that
crystal-like
the
enter
the
were
and
trees,so pure
we
for
creek
have
leaving the creek,we
the
profitableexcursion
gold. Mining disfiguresthe
meadows,
As
the
of which
and
by
pleasantmountain-road.
a
lay along
banks
all sides
on
smelting-works are
pleasant and
over
operationsdistort
After
mountains
here, the enterprisingcommunity
from
Georgetown
Our
these
into
up
summer.
miles
few
their way
; and
makes
favored
a
high
good
this spot.
great reductionthe
hills above,
foreignsubstances.
TO
We
much
were
pleased with
extensive
which
gustifolia),
resembles
the
So
success
;
although we
of fair paper
There
and
is
which
made
other mechanical
some
arranged that
was
Canon
creek
The
is
pouring
well
high, and
are
The
formation
flowers
is
is
The
confusion.
road
its waters
into
often
volcanic,the
trees
are
The
taken
a
plant
proved
a
specimen
this weed.
flouring-mills
;
two
as
a
us
projected.
should
go up Clear-
grading which
the river is
steep and
often wild
seems
with
largeparty
the
rocks
magnificent.
and
pleasing,
The
a
the
an-
CANON.
; and
narrow
over
made
had
been
road-bed.
for the
canon
This
not
are
enterprises
examine
to
alreadydone
a
been
wholly from
CLEAR-CREEK
It
has
manufacture
pottery here,as
a
have
soap-weed (Yucca
brought away
was
various
(Yucca filamentosa)of
yucca
far,the
pioneer
made
hill-sides.
the
covers
threaded
gardens.
our
the
experimentswith
is
where
grades of wrapping-paper,and
the
visit to
a
Territory,where
the
paper-millof
315
PACIFIC.
THE
narrower
fantastic in
being
strata
scenery
from
raging
rocky bed.
tall and
and
a
The
walls
appearance.
thrown
thrifty,the
all
rent,
tor-
along
the
into
June
canon
fantastic.
the
channel.
river-bed
In
some
by walling
places,a
316
the
get around
has been
freshet,and the
left
iron
be
began
Central
the
take
can
you
Cit}^
;
Georgetown
Clear-creek
and
Canon
full
was
always rejoicethat
with
completely conquered Nature
will repay
scenery
a
During
of
one
friend,passinga
He
at
AT
could
make
little
that it
was
It
a
the
water
man
"
given
I'll put
Springs and
The
day spent in
the
due
a
the
was
shall
we
engineer
The
bands.
some
this
a
nation.
denomi-
before
time
designation
;
prominence.
caribou
with
town
Baptist chapel. There
expressions peculiar here.
say,
at
question by saying,
our
a quaintness about
certainly
other
landed
inquiredthe
church, we
was
was
our
GOLDEN".
repliedto
once
out
be
his iron
about
walks
our
"Hydraulic Presbyterian."
we
since
visit.
CHURCH
THE
we
and,
it before
visited
we
Before
enjoyment, and
of
spring
Idaho
rail.
by
far
so
pushed forward,until
season
be reached
can
to
canon,
the
once.
Grolden,and
another
by
at
been
; and
work
stood
arrive ;
to
at
cars
The
has
laid
East, the track has
return
now
road-bed
iron will
the
Golden,
the
:
done
the tortuous
up
crooked.
very
course,
success
a
and
mountains,
is,of
road
been
heavy blastinghas
of
amount
great
the
ATLANTIC
THE
head
You
on
There
often
are
and
some
hear
you," which
a
is
TO
to saying that
equivalent
Plumb"
'^
"
as
fails in
has
is
I
rascal
land
"
is
between
the
take
these
on
"jumps
Kio
yonder : well, I
Eastern
give
the
is
our
stops along
at
Denver
from
excursion
the
required. This
Railroad
"
Denver
city of Denver,
27*
seems
to
go on, but
The
"
there
road goes
this
and
is
along
a
line
by
the
tlie
Denver
is
road, making
the title of
line.
east
now
River.
will amply
points of interest,
the time
in
it in
mining-camps.
Arkansas
over
You
put
south,and
runs
the
on
"
it
might
his
session,
pos-
of
peculiarities
live in these
Pueblo
as
I
many
say.
and
his
friend
takes
the natives
the
Kailway,"which
far
and
cor-
earlier
leaves
they
as
"he
"
seen
man
gauge-road called
narrow
Grande
a
in
oaths.
of
some
you
in
tensify
in-
man
in
my
have
peculiarmanner,
peoplewho
a
If
claim,"
the
placeof
completedas
An
offenders ; and
comes
a
passes
the
another
If
which,
to
one's tongue ; and
every
he
"
to
thief,they
a
there."
ping.
whip-
a
flume/' or
tree
in
There
and
hang
and
the
the
their words
speechof
man
always used
up
dies,
person
that tree
mine,
will
is
they catch
in his checks
pass
he
bet
gone
shown
to
see
his
or
a
was
days, they used
a
has
When
When
You
which
give a
"
rall him."
"
word
business,"he
checks."
will
you
plumb sure/' plumb good/'"c.
peteredout."
said,
a
317
PACIFIC.
THE
"
From
(the
repay
Baby
the
Kansas
318
is
man}'-
years,
Grolden will
be
I
Colorado,I
leave
and
is
cold; and
almost
day, the
will
verge
di-
upon
far down
days
the
in
day
delicate
when
about
parks.
There
every
most
many
look
can
you
mountains
is
and
mildness
its
steady and
no
markable
re-
intense
of
winter,in the middle
be
out
sit
to
there
of doors ; and
by
the
an
window,
open
covered
west
in
their sides.
permitting,excursions
Time
which
something
say
proverbialfor
healthfulness.
snow
before
and,
;
cityfrom
must
the mountain
climate
very
a
centre
that
seen
important lines.
climate
The
important railroad
an
many
Before
stated,it will be
thus
have
I
what
Denver
and
to
,
GUIS
From
are
Missouri
across
J?
St. L
the
thence
City,and
Kansas
Pacific)to
the
ATLANTIC
THE
must
into the
be made
PARKS.
Only
a
general descriptioncan
proposing
to
make
resident,and
some
be
can
A
its
the
be
journey
obtain
given;
had
guides upon
and
better
one
any
consult
reliance
whom
placed.
peculiarfeature
great
in
the
mountain-locked
with
basins,or depressions,
topography
of Colorado
parks. They
surface
and
soil
great
are
more
is
or
less
320
fortieth
Biver, and
the Gulf
sublime
of
canon
the
outline
of
and
is about
it
the
of
spurs
toward
out
who
North
It
its centre.
gives
diameter, the
has
The
parks
are
of
loftyranges
be
easilytraversed
to
north, and
was
far
the
those
of civilization.
east
but
for
of
the
tory,
Terri-
to
or
the
few
the
flows
Missouri.
thirtymiles
loftiest
of
in
any.
visitors ; but
its
excelled.
not
north
presents the
most
another
one
The
entire
south, or
to
by
narrow
chain
from
can
south
varied,romantic, and
scenery.
SOCIETY
It
Projecting
Platte,which
and
a
The
it shoot
boundary
mountains.
from
by
nearly circular;
imaginable
basin, twenty
separatedfrom
are
is
grandeur.
enclose
North
timbered
most
attractions
beautiful
the
Grand
yet unsettled, and
north
settlements,and
no
natural
that
is
Colorado,to
diameter..
north, and then
little circular
a
in
the restraints
the
near
rise to
the
first towards
It is
is
awful
resort
beyond
go
Park
and
but
fiftymiles
loftymountains
to
want
and
but
irregular,
is
park
delightfulsummer
most
It
depth
the
exit of
The
the west
to
thence,by the Great
California.
of
It is drained
latitude.
of
degree
Grand
by
ATLANTIC
THE
an
IN
COLORADO.
agreeable surprise to find such
cultivated
TO
the
societyin
have
we
the
of
old
towns, where
their
better
aspect ;
down
in the
scale,and
Indians.
be
to
hold
"
in
Indeed,
resident
them
who
be
a
is
like
air of
an
a
a
the
story. Among
who
get rich,and
their
our
York
his
A
hero.
and
the
duty to
the
seek
open
somebody called him
a
a
to Denver.
preliminaryarrangements, he
was
directed
to the
a
would
deed
in-
In
and
a
few
cultivation
and
There
better
the
is
to
Of
in
idea
course,
by
some
spend
such
tried
having
was
New
failing,deemed
for young
ladies ;
After he had
cast around
fashionable house
see
gold.
life.
flock,and
school
to
where
capital,
good brother, who
to
of Croesus.
He
are, of
enjoy fashionable
all
talk, you
like
cities.
there
mission
They
dreams
with
mixed
a
them
gain a
Digger
whose
I would
will
you
teaching of
be
have
Denver, Golden,
miners
then
and
money,
the
Western
whom
class of
the
New-England
in
thrift,rarely found
go
than
"claim."
a
to
seem
hear
to
uncontaminated
larger communities,
Denver
own
in
they
we
some
studied
mountains.
great
beyond
not
man
others,there
the
communities,
did
be
hardy fellows,
rich
these
west
mining-towns
leads,"and,
claims,or
think
would
level
to
south,
Mexicans, and
little better
are
the
to
people can
the
to
of
set
a
"
this
for
the
Among
population,
seems
Far
larger communities.
large proportion of
a
321
PACIFIC.
THE
for
upon
made
an*d
the
pupils,and
a
fashion-
322
able
street,occupiedby
thus
the
ran
"I
family who
have
removed
and
Street.
I
have
am
claim
"
cried
know
I'm
must
No.
at
in
-:
to
propose
"
I don't
I tell you
I
cityof
beautiful
your
rooms
in
private school.
religious
principles
upon
Stop, stop !
stop !
to
ladies
young
attend
York
taken
some
Presbyterianminister,and
a
school
my
had
to
New
and, calling,
;
"
you
desired
from
Denver,
run
:
told,sir,that
was
miner
retired
our
conversation
your
"
ATLANTIC
THE
go to
much
about
orthodox
an
and
backbone,
school.
children
any
"
Stop,
; but
religionanyhow
the
to
Haven't
to-day.
m^?^er-gentleman.
our
orthodox
"
can't
I
here.
dren
chil-
my
buy
your
ing,
Good-morn-
sir ! "
The
old miner
tenets,
but
honestly
the
according to
the
true
the
creeds
make
But
now
;
we
coupled
During
our
friends j and
our
how
the
examine
to
sound
considered
that
now
his
his
life
such
are
fools
was
educated
children
numerous
What
over!
amples
ex-
do
tenets
and
must
leave
orado
Col-
of
July,
!
us
the
comes
and, on
be
to have
faith. Oh,
of
time
to
and,
;
desired
world
had
wished
D.D.'s
jpetevingout, he
in
had
never
the
morning
to
car
stay
niany
time
in
were
the
when
of the
fourth
bound
train
Colorado,
the
we
we
had
regretswhich
day
for
Chej^enne.
found
arose
many
as
the
TO
housetops
Ever
and
the
and
green
in
canons
churcli-spires
and
our
Denver
of
will
of
"
faded
remain
the
in
sojourn
mountains,
323
PACIFIC.
memories
our
of
pleasures
THE
fair
cities
Colorado."
from
the
and
view.
incidents
hamlets,
CHAPTEE
Quartz-Mining
in
XXXII.
California
Colorado.
and
Colorado
mining, which
at this
removed
was
gigantic scale
a
little
;
a
3^ou will find
Chinamen
Eailroad, at Gold
mining
Many
but
it
is
have
now
been
in
seems
the
you
can
with
those
the
from
the
valley below
mode
general
the
failures,sad
California
Many
to
the
veins
or
in
some
Yo-Semite,
ments,
early imple-
Central
road.
Pacific
of
drauli
hy-
Quartz-
obtaining gold.
of
have
placer
is but
example
an
see
is
on,
the
expensiv
in-
the
first mode
to
gold
loose
of
means
road
the
legitimatebusiness.
324
at work
Run,
in
the
"c. ; and
rocker, pan,
said,placer-
the
latter is carried
profit. On
to
localities,
by
the
and, while
the
practisednow,
I have
Hydraulic-mining
"c.
rocker,pan,
on
As
surface-soil
the
from
quartz-
entirelysuperseded
in which
earliest mode
the
was
describe
to
ahuost
hydraulicmining.
placerand
mining
has
day
of
Ores.
previouschapters,I promised
In
Treatment
The
"
disappointments;
been
reduced
leads where
to
a
former
owners
THE
ATLANTIC
have
lost vast
and
new
TO
the economy
with
which
through the
are
great stamp-mills'poundingout
The
which
is
rock,in
which
reduces
it to
it goes
to
the
and
the
"
stamps ;
small
"
the
from
quartz, through
through
run
fine dirt and
a
Nevada,
is blasted
"
is
in
gold
pure
silver,
all industrie
is worked.
and
California,
"
surface,thence
to the
out, and
crusher,
a
pieces.
and
let
me
if I
see
describe these.
can
Water
heavy
to
the
which
A
flume
a
revolve
the
extends
away
upon
force
the whole
it is shovelled
the
28
the
mill,where
it
to work
the
and
empties into
There
race.
face
iron
and
up
is
down
the
;
bottom
of the
ore
shaft
water
or
stamps
width
generally
is
long,upright sticks,
through the
steam
to
a
is
attached;
in
guides.
cam-pulleys,or,
are
crushed
stone
through
heavy
a
of
means
falls with
and
timber,and
bar inserted
by
abundance,
out
which
upon
cam-motion, raises
stamp
box
made
are
merely a
to
of
of which
sticks
"
in
into the
framework
end
shaft
had
is conducted
box, and
the
be
must
brought in
a
of
these states,
mingled gold
taken
Now
mountains
fact,in
the mine
All
under
now,
paying largely.
as, in
"
rock.
are
management,
I believe that here lies the secret,
"
325
PACIFIC.
of money
sums
economical
more
THE
; and
dirt in
ally,
gener-
is made
"
power,
and, by
and, lettinggo,
of the
box.
framework, and
the
the
The
into
stamps pound
the water, which
is
326
thick
made
the
which
it to
the
and
race
ATLANTIC
muddy.
On
holes
are
muddy
the
whole
into
box
wards
to-
of
length,out
gutter,which
a
which
middle, from
of the
side
the
along
flows
water
in the
spout
a
THE
it
carries
into
the
they
take
runs
race.
let
Now
this
from
of
mass
There
of the
look
us
it.' There
last
the
which
is
the
up
of
several
after the other
placedone
flows.
water
When
all the
blanket
is rinsed
out
in
a
gold that
again into the box.
amalgam
by
subliming
coating
the water
as
thought
it
The
end
through
the
silver
quick-
will,the plate is
scraped off,and
fresh
a
Occasionallythe
on.
gold
the
are
at the
; and
of
flows
plates,which
of water, which
tub
bottom
wool, and
of
quicksilveris put
of
thin
race
it is
is
the
cover
these
the
down
removed, and the amalgmn
coating
gold.
gold
blanket, made
a
has absorbed
back
the
they spread a
takes
are
how
see
plateswhich
them
Upon
to
race
water
large copper
are
race.
of the
this
muddy
which
quicksilver,
over
at
is
is taken
poured
from
the
before
as
quicksilver,
described.
There
ar"
placed in
the
ore,
box
water, and
is formed.
in
stamps
some
By
some
in
where
liquidform,
the
quicksilveris
the whole
and
is agitateduntil
quicksilver,
this
process,
localities.
water
is
an
saved,
"
mass
of
amalgam
a
eratum
desid-
328
is called
process
for
three
some
making
outside
the
the
pile,
a
up
this
is
to iron
form, a
England,
is
in
rests
making
freed
There
others
the
are
where
in
it
it is
mining
not
understandingof
the
at
The
in
a
on,
the
secret
that
a
at
duct
pro-
Georgetown, and
these
ores
;
and,
Colorado
will
have
only
now
have, after all,made
at i\ie\vfriend^s earnest
licitation,
so-
gold-m.ineJ^
reading,before
is carried
last
produced.
deal wrth
may
has
sent
done
termed, so
he
eral
sev-
This
produced.
people who
investment,when
all my
In
the
matte
Colorado.
mining-interestsof
invested
silver.
the
easilybe
is
matte
those Eastern
'^
a
matte,
Experience
having
building largeworks
they
With
in
at Golden, to
projected
an
of
in
a
place,and
saved.
could
and
stock-certificate to show
poor
furnace
a
product is
takes
are
flux, as
they succeed, the
in
the
over
ore, freed
gold,and
entirelyof sulphur may
brighten,and
so
the
piles. In
transportedto Swansea, England,
saving
simpleone,
a
the
iron,copper,
reducing
over
place where
same
a
this
; then
is smelted
products
there is
sized
and
packed first,
the final reduction
proved that
sulphursuppliesfuel
usual
; and
ore
it is
matte,
component
process
of
composed
where
a
is
coarse
is covered
ore
manner
the
the
in
sulphur,is crushed,and
which
if
and
roasting;
months
the fine
similar
to
ATLANTIC
THE
"
I
I visited
these
failed to
get
subject;and
I
hope
sections
a
I have
correct
so
de-
TO
scribed
a
the
idea
general
in
arise
With
my
for
only
of
this
chapter
I
have
had
trip
planning
a
that
might
they
I
close
my
the
mining,
called
difficulties
journeyings,
my
writing
has
continually
me
information
correct
of
gained
which
ores.
trust
before
and
have
may
kinds
quartz,
Colorado
treating
readers
my
different
and
note-book.
I
the
hydraulic,
placer,
tliat
operations,
329
PACIFIC.
THE
that
from
the
know
what
one
would
Atlantic
to
see,
and
bean
not
close
amiss
aim,
to
"
aid
to
and
;
give
readers
my
the
Pacific,
how
to
see
in
and
it.
APPEE-DIOES.
ROUTES
THE
I.
San
From
MARIPOSA.
YIA
"
YO-SEMITE.
THE
the
Erancisco, by rail,over
to
E-ailroacl,
Thence
TO
Merced
by stage
or
Central
Pacific
City.
carriage to Mariposa, forty-two
miles.
and
by carriage to White
Thence
Hatch's,
eleven
miles.
From
here
Thence
horseback, to
on
half;
Clark's,fourteen
to
on
to
miles,or
to Glacier
Point
to the
eight miles,or
half to
seven
Alder
Empire Camp,
Meadow
Westfall's
from
miles
miles.
; thence
Creek,
three
to
Hotels, seven
and
a
miles;
thence
a
to
InspirationPoint, five
Point, seven
Glacier
six miles and
miles
miles
Point, six
; from
and
miles
half.
331
a
ration
Inspihalf to
and
a
332
ATLANTIC
THE
TO
VIA
II.
rail
By
by
stage
Oat
Flat,
Gentry's
to
steep trail
the
to
rail
Merced
to
ling's
and
Gentry's,
and
a
Notes.
reached
; thence
horseback
by
miles
down
and
into
valley,
Snel-
via
Flat
Crane
via
a
half.
a
by carriage,
thence
;
horseback
Big
to
miles
seven
half.
From
"
the
Clark's,
horseback
on
City
and
Camp
by
seven
COULTERVILLE.
Coulterville
to
Chinese
VIA
thence
Copperopolis,
to
; thence
Valley,
III.
By
thence
carriage, by
or
FLAT.
OAK
BIG
and
Stockton,
to
PACIFIC.
THE
by
journey,
a
Mariposa
going
in
Grove
and
of
is
Trees
Big
returning,
of
teen
four-
miles.
The
hundred
and
Avoid
not
A
Go
the
drivers
with
carry
is
valley by
Consult
of
Francisco
is
far
not
from
two
fifty miles.
private carriage
into
San
from
dealing only
let the
routes.
way
distance
whole
Mariposa
generally
of
preceding
into
out
you
way
the
their
parties,or
more
of
the
valley.
to
way
agreeable
Mariposa,
pages.
authorized
A
and
out
^o^eZ-keepers.
serve
than
by
Do
agents.
the
one
carriage-road
is
mail-stages.
of
the
other
building
by
OF
TABLE
THE
m
PASSES
Note.
Geological Survey
The
and
of
Central
the
the
probably
was
less
of
the
at
the
lowered
than
are
State
of
Railroad
summit
only
OF
NEVADA
elevations
Pacific
road-bed
pass
SIERRA
These
"
ELEVATION
14
AND
MOUNTAINS.
taken
the
from
Reports
of
the
California.
crosses
the
Sierras
by
that
the
7,042
feet, so
feet, and
the
is
PEAKS
actual
Donner
original
cutting-away
that.
333
Pass,
level
was
334
ATLANTIC
THE
MOUNTAINS
TO
AROUND
PACIFIC.
THE
YO-SEMITE
THE
VALLEY.
Height,
WATERFALLS.
THE
Yo-Semite,
Yo-ham-e-ta,
Spirit of Night-Wind,
Great
Grizzly Bear,
Vernal,
Pi-wy-ack,
Sparkling "Water,
Nevada,
Yo-wi-ye,
Twisting
The
Bridal
South
Veil,
Fork
Note.
Bide, 150
Fall,
"To
on
compare
Canadian
Po-ho-no,
these
side.
to find altitude
altitudes, Niagara
Mt.
Valley level,4,000 feet, which
mountaias
The
Il-lil-ou-ette,
"Washington,
must
above
the
be
added
ocean.
350
700
Water,
600
Beautiful,
Falls,
164
6,224 feet.
to
2,634
feet
A
on
American
mile, 5,280 feet.
the elevations
given
of the
336
ATLANTIC
THE
law, which, appliedto
following
the settlements
the matter
beyond
national
a
made
now
all
there, would
question,and
COURT,
December
HuTCHiNGS,
^ In
Error
Plaintiffin
1. A
party, by settlement
declared
intention
laws, does
premises as
to
another
United
of
power
the
under
prescribedby
the payment
vested
of
States with
a
the
tion
pre-emp-
interest
to divest
Congress by
upon
pre-emption laws, when
laws
of the
for the
priceof
these
by him,
it,by
a
in the
grant,
the
is entitled to
and
ultimatelyto
such
a
he
been
a
patent
and
for the
that event, in
complied Avith,the
the
preferenceto
tler,
set-
cupied
premises oc-
the
from
local
the
land-oflScers,
United
entry, the pre-emption laws give
; that
the
subsequentlydeprived. He
land
of pre-emption in
privilege
manner
title,including
performed by
interest in
be
of the
preliminaryacts
the
been
certificate of entry from
a
payment
sale in the usual
all the
land, have
cannot
the lands
Constitution,only
the
acquisitionof
have
prerequisites
of which
then
only
a
of the power
for the first time, acquiresa vested
Until
under
same
over
regulationand disposition
those
When
settler.
the
Supreme
the State
of
California.
of the United
therebyacquire such
not
States,conferred
ceases,
title.to
a
to the
1872.
party.
The
2.
obtain
to
lands
upon
depriveCongress
to
Error
others, Commissioners,"c. )
and
Term,
Court
"
V.
F. F. Low
this valley
make
U.S.
435.
J. M.
thus
settle
to
seem
all
to
park.
SUPREME
No.
the facts relative
case
the lands
are
to
States.
the
offered
tler
set-
for
to purchase them, in
is,the privilege
others.
TO
with
contract
any
occupied
limited
are
offered
The
sale,
a"t
of
and
the
passed
the
title
recreation,
settlers
to
of
of
these
that
be
29
inalienable
to
first
The
case
given
parties
to
legislation
to
thus
deprive
Congress
to
any
public
uses.
should
for
Grove
to
the
be
held
all
granting
time.
to
the
State,
for
public
use,
of
they
California,
of
subject
who
Yo-Semite
the
State
in
ed
adopt-
them
1864,
their
them
purchase
before
30,
land
of
any
lands
premises
they
the
the
Big-Tree
Mariposa
that
of
June
into
enter
not
disposition
appropriate
Congress
therein,
and
or
be
intended
not
was
in
privilege
shall
do
sale.
that,
them.
other
any
for
Valley
specified
of
the
improved
make
to
power
6.
and
for
laws,
sale,
laws,
obligations,
any
up
prices,
fixed
at
upon
benefit
the
for
open
quantities,
settled
for
the
thrown
put
those
by
declare
incur
or
be
ever
pre-emption
the
by
settler,
shall
simply
are
have
the
him
by
They
lands
States,
United
The
3.
337
PACIFIC.
THE
to
the
resort,
trust
and
HETCH-HETCHY
the
For
their
benefit
of the
Sierras, I
reached
is
Ranch,
by
of
way
amply
the
there
three
a
lake,
in
half
to
and
feet
above
west
; but
Semite.
last
Yo-Semite
miles
eighth
describes
:
is
the
At
the
338
Most
Its
sea.
it is bent
another
Yo-Semite.
course
northward
end
of
Main
in
seen
his visit
the
a
Tuolumne
Merced.
the
elevation
an
and
grand
as
of
out
is scenery
it
the
on
on
mile.
lies at
show, that,
"
length, with
a
valley will
this
to
fatigue,and
valley is situated
as
visit
valley,almost
thus
in jSTovember
A
Yo-Semite
the
to
It
Hardin's
from
route
travel, there
of
Muir
John
"This
just
and
another
"
the
on
scenery
Valley.
Hetch-Hetchy
Flat.
time
routes
imposing,
Mr.
is situated
the
beautiful
mountain-trail
good
a
the
of
more
desire to extend
who
tourists
mention
Big-Oak
repay
usual
behold
will
by
which
those
of
journey, and
VALLEY.
width
It
of
is
in
is
varying
its surface
of
River,
about
from
an
is level
as
thirty-eighthundred
mostly
the
from
middle,
valley,the
river
east
like
enters
to
Yoa
ATLANTIC
THE
narrow
which
canon,
fast to
becoming
valley,where
rocks
Rocks
trail
right are
positionto
the
valley.
stands
State
seventy
are
not
best
the top of the
from
On
the
resembles
a
large stream
least
pours
thousand
a
El
Capitan
its
over
feet.
mile
wall, a
East
brow, with
of
The
fall.
.
two
with
benches
.
wall
of the
.
fringed with
of
portion
of the
Hetch-Hetchy
height,but
the
side,
positionrelative
a
It
in
not
is about
ken
unbro-
one
this fall has
correspond
benches
of the
The
wall.
.
is diversified
spring
same
live-oak,which
Yo-Semite
vast
high,
In
valley above
to the
a
feet
Eall.
of Yo-Semite
astonishingminuteness
relative
is
clear fall of at
a
this,on
are
farther
two
or
valley there
valleylike
feet in
hundred
They
Yo-Semite.
of
the
is,according
of Yo-Semite.
to the
hundred
of the group,
highest members
two
Hetch-Hetchy Eall,occupying
seventeen
relative
same
twenty-two
is the
that
the
Cathedral
eighteen hundred
perpendicularrock-front
which
The
of the
side
north
the
group,
about
those
as
of the
above, exactly like
Yo-Semite
height.
separate
so
seen
east.
feet in
valleyfrom
end
member
isolated
geologicalsurvey,
and
like
group
lowest
of the
ficientl
suf-
in,the first conspicuous
occupying
The
well
out
correspondingrock
to
a
springfloods
the west
at
comes
Yo-Semite, and
in
which
the
the
half of the
lower
Beginning
Hardin
on
the
prevent
339
PACIFIC.
THE
devour
cannot
lake.
a
TO
with
.
.
groves
same
face
sur-
and
340
THE
meadows
in
trees
ATLANTIC
the
same
PACIEIC.
THE
manner
identical
are
TO
Yo-Semite
as
in
We
species.
.
here
room
will
only
and
state
its
that
as
the
of
portion
discuss
to
level
our
great
great
time
Semite
is
ago,
a
canon
is
of
up
it
Canon
the
filled
of
that
Glacier
bottom
throughout
extending
opinion
exactly
a
glacial
the
same
the
have
this
no
valley
we
:
inseparable
an
the
chain
which
canon,
with
is
of
of
one
and
.
.
formation
the
;
of
have
drift.
origin."
Tuolumne,
lake-basins
been,
The
no
Yo-
TEEES
AND
PLANTS
AEOUND
Adiantum
THE
IN
GROWING
YO-SEMITE
VALLEY.
pedatum
Aspidium argutum
Acer
A.
macrophyllura
glabrum
Aconitum
Alnus
.
nasubum
viridis
.
Abies
Douglasii
Azalea
.
occidentalis
(The
Arctostaphylos glauca
Adenostema
(The Douglas fir).
swamp
cheese).
(Manzanita).
fasiculata
Boykinia occidentalis
Bahia
confertiflora
CalamagrostisCanadensis
Cheilanthes
gracillima
Comandra
umbellata
Chsenactis
achilloefolia
Cystopterisfragilis
Cornus
Nuttallii
.
Ceanothus
integerrimus
29*
341
AND
342
THE
ATLANTIC
C. divaricatus
Epilobium angustifolium
Frangula Californica
Glycerianervata
Hulsia
.
brevifolia
Hellenium
Hosackia
.
.
grandiflorum
grandiflora
.
Lilii
(Many varieties).
....
Libocedrns
Nuphar
decurrens
.
advena
(The
yellow pond lily).
common
PhiladelphusCalifornicus
Pinus
ponderosa
P. contorta
.
(The pine
.
P. aristata
P.
(The yellow pine).
belt of
Jeffreyi
found
in
the
vegetationin
highest
the
ras).
Sier-
.
P. Sabiniana
(Sugar pine).
P. Lambertiana
.
P.
Coulteri
.
Picea
the
largestcone).
grandis
Populus balsamifera
Phragmitescommunis
Pelloea densa
P.
(The pinewith
Bridgesii
.
P. mucronata
Polypodium Californicum
mistaken
(Balsam-poplar,
for cotton-wood).
344
ATLANTIC
THE
taken
to
little
botany
that
I
it
trust
the
is
day
chambermaid
The
have
houses,
over
her
to
bureau
when
going
and
took
Where
at
a
"
their
value
loss
with
dry
they
for
do
leaves
to
attempts
been,
know
to
the
not
me
"
introduce
seem
the
gave
I
no
man
room
that
I
the
met
good
a
out
feeling
a
"
in
vation.
preser-
things
and
exclaimed,
doubt,
in
I
your
sir!
for
room,
leaves
away,
California
part,
to
but,
I
dry
"
nicely
my
had
tried
to
of
plain
ex-
is
chambermaid
"
No.
filled
up
his
things."
and
most
them
;
why
?
to
I
carefully
very
them
"
the
they
threw
to
said,
all
are
"I
me.
she
ties,
locali-
did.
I
as
them
arranged
after,
"
coming
to-day
"
bureau."
collections
placing
I
and
their
hotel,
;
different
plants.
the
stairs
sir;
to-day,
your
pain
the
on
know
guides
in
so
be
must
care
The
vary
the
had
and
soon
names
lose
not
at
room
my
One
of
will
and
;
specimens.
identify
specimens,
in
cleaning
popular
to
readers
many
bureau
the
work
hard
my
collected
and
;
shrub-oak
a
collecting
when
gloves
wear
of
especially
shrubs,
and
plants
ous
PACIFIC.
THE
TO
failures;
thrive.
into
plants
and,
even
our
in
our
gardens
flower-
PLANTS
AND
TEEES
OF
THE
the
principaltrees
EOCKY
MOUNTAINS.
The
following list
plantsfound
I
of
the
Abronia
Acer
A.
indebted
am
Colorado
fragrans
circinatum
negundo
Achillea
Aetata
Aira
"
A.
or
yarrow,
(Red -grass).
triflorum
milfoil).
(Monk's-hood).
.
(Onion,
or
leek).
(Speckled alder).
incana
alnifolia
monoica
multifida
Aquilegia cerulea
(June berry).
(Wild-hog peanut).
(Many-cleftanemone).
Virginiana
Arabis
(Vine maple).
(Red baneberry).
Amphicarpcea
Anemone
Eailroad.
.
Amelanchier
ness
complete-
Capt. Berthoud, Chief Engineer
(Common
.
Alnus
for its
(Box elder).
.
rubra
Allium
; and
and
.
reclinatum
pallcns
to
Central
millefolium
Aconitum
mountains
these
in
contains
(Wind-flower).
.
falcata
Arctostaphylosuva-ursi
(Blue columbine).
(Rock-cress).
(Trailingarbutus).
845
346
THE
(Sandwort, several varieties).
Arenaria
Montana
.
Canadensis
Artemisia
Aster
(Mexican poppy).
Mexicana
Argemone
Arnica
ATLANTIC
NoviE-Angliae
Astragalus caryocarpus
A.
filifolius
A.
hypoglottis
A.
mollissimus
A.
plattensis
(Arnica).
(Wormwood,
(Common
white
sage).
New-England
(Milk-vetch).
.
.
Berberis
Betula
aquifolium
ovalis
Cerastium
arvense
(Mahonia,
blue
barberry).
(Rocky-mountain birch).
glandnlosa
Ceanothus
.
(New- Jersey tea,
.
(Fieldchickweed).
or
red-root)
Cheiranthus
Cheiri
(Wall-flower,yellow).
Chimaphilla
maculata
(Prince's-pine).
Clematis
C.
aster).
Viorna
.
(Leather-flower).
(Common
Virginiana
virgin's-bower)
Convolvulus
arvensis
(Bindweed).
Corallorhiza
multiflora
(Coral-root).
Corydalisaurea
.
(Golden corydalis).
Cypripedium candidum
(White lady's-slipper).
Delphinium
(White larkspur).
D.
album
menziessi
(Larkspur).
.
Dodecatheon
Draba
verna
meadia
.
(American cowslip).
(Whitlow grass).
TO
THE
Echinospernura Lappula
Ellisia
PACIFIC.
(Stick-seed).
Nyctelea
(Willow-herb).
Epilobium spicatum
Erigeron corapositum
.
Erysimum
cheiranthoides
(Worm-seed mustard).
Euphorbia
corollata
(Flowering spurge).
Gilia
(American columbo).
Carolinensis
Frasera
fragrans
G.
pulchella
G.
rosea
.
Glyceria
Ipomea leptophylla
Lilium
(Wild yellow lily).
Canadense
borealis
Linnaea
Linum
(Mountain shrub).
Americana
Jamesia
(Twin flower).
.
(Yellow flax).
Boottii
(Blue flax).
L. percum
Lippiacuneafolia
(Fog-fruit).
.
Lithospermum longiflorum
Lupinus perennis
.
Malva
Mentha
moschata
borealis
M.
piperita
M.
viridis
.
,
(Musk mallow).
.
.
(Wild lupine).
.
(Horsemint).
(Peppermint).
(Spearmint).
347
THE
348
(Lungwort).
Mertensia
Jamesii
Mimulus
unifiora
Monescs
Nasturtium
.
(Monkey-flower).
.
(A
palustre
canescens
Drummondii
Subulata
grandidentata
(Bitterpoplar).
.
(Cottonwood).
our
gardens)-
(American aspen).
farinosa
.
(Primrose).
rosea
Eanunculus
(Buttercup).
.
Rhus
R.
of
(Valerian).
.
P. tremuloides
P.
(Beard-tongue).
(Moss pink).
ceruleum
Populus angulata
Primula
(Marsh-cress).
(A showy annual
.
Polemonium
P.
flower).
.
ceruleum
Pentstemon
P.
fragrantmountain
(In varieties).
(Enothera
Phlox
very
(Yellow-weed).
lobatum
Nycterum
Obione
ATLANTIC
aromatica
typhina
Ribes
Rubus
.
(Staghornsumach).
.
(Buffaloor
aureum
Nutkanus
.
Scdum
luteum
Missouri
currant).
(White floweringraspberry).
(Stone moss).
Silene acaulis
Sida
(Fragrant sumach).
(Moss catchfly).
cocciuea
(Red-flowering
sida).
Spirieaopulifolia
.
(Meadow-sweet).
TO
Spiranthes
.
V.
Virginica
pea).
(Yellow
Montana
Tradcscantia
Verbena
(Ladies'-tresses).
cernua
Thermopsis
349
PACIFIC.
THE
(Spiderwort).
.
(Verbena).
Aubletia
bracteosa
.
Viola
V.
(Violet,
ciicullata
palmata
Heart's-ease)
"
.
V.
pubeseens
V.
rotunditblia
resembles
(Soap-weed,
Yucca
in
of
the
the
constructed
me
plants
the
has
are
been
of
In
plants
the
and
readers
they journey
the
on
Y.
filementosa).
will
be
recognized
plants
many
no
flora
You
observe
will
plant
higher
belts
to
in
adapt
are
of
up
them
yet
as
them
they will
to
with
find
United
much
how
on
identified
the
of
made
ites
favor-
as
has
Nature
their
the
true
more
mountains
the
vegetation,
acquainted
become
; for
not
complete
same
trees
to
Yucca,
plants
Mississippi.
valleys.
my
above
There
blossoms
her
urge
as
there
as
west
in
than
the
gardens.
our
brilliant
of
Many
"
named,
States
Let
garden
our
angustifolia
Note.
and
.
situation.
trees
and
friends.
TABLE
OF
TAKEN
FROM
ALTITUDES
THE
MOST
IN
ACCURATE
COLORADO.
SURVEYS.
Feet.
Denver
5,250
Golden
6,200
Central
City
8,300
Idaho
7,800
Georgetown
8,450
.
Caribou
9,200
Boulder
5,550
Greeley
4,750
Cheyenne
6,130
Colorado
City
6,350
Pueblo
4,400
Trinidad
5,800
Tarryall
9,900
Fairplay
10,000
Twin
Hot
Lakes
9,000
Springs
Boulder
in Middle
Pass
Berthoud
Argentine
Park
7,700
11,700
Pass
Pass
Breckinridge Pass
350
11,020
13,000
11,000
COLOKADO.
WEATHER
RECOED
"
DENVER
The
in
1872,
rainfall
18.77
in
1870
inches.
was
FOR
12.65
inches
AT
1872.
;
in
1871,
12.53
inches
;
and,
OEES
PUECHASED
The
Boston
known
1872,
From
Creek
for
9,650
$88,000
which
to
$586,000.
and
tons,
640
this
year,
$788,000.
matte
of
of
tons
The
England.
was
$80
the
per
This
matte,
yield
ton
would
$1,230
;
the
and, estimating
the
of
give
per
works
an
for
1872
to
ton.
353
sea,
Swan-
the
at
in
same
have
value
average
duced
re-
treated
ore
it
of
was
ore
shipped
of
600
total
a
of
:
for
tons,
County,
making
was
ore
$320,-
6,950
amount
which
average
product
This
about
paid;
were
of
Park
from
ing
dur-
have,
which
for
tons,
and
paid;
better
"
amounts
County,
Gilpin
were
Hawk,
following
2,100
HILL.
Company,
Black
at
"
the
from
$178,000
tons,
Smelting
County,
paid;
were
which
1871
Hill's,
purchased
Clear
000
Colorado
and
Prof.
as
PEOFESSOE
BY
been
to
the
HISTOEY
THE
OF
GENERAL
FEATURES
OF
THE
AND
The
region
first
of
party
Green
began
from
Eussell, are
in what
then
was
discoverywas
south
of the
others
by
exaggerated, were
Eiver
began
The
;
site
"
the
limits
of
in
1858.
of
above
first
Pike's
and
at
Peak
in
wend
their
and
trials,
vicissitudes,
pioneers, have
furnished
the
the
two
greatly
course
Missouri
gold-hunters
new
sufferings of
abundant
points
of these
reaching
towards
way
followed
difterent
and, immediately thereafter,excited
to
miles
few
was
discoveries,of
long
Country."
a
confluence
the
A
gold-discovery
and
Denver,
rado
Colo-
leadershipof
the
Dry Creek,
on
of these
not
the
the
as
made
Eiver
Eeports
streams.
with
Cherry Creek,
along the Platte
SITUATION,
ITS
public attention
credited
present
on
within
Georgia,under
known
This
REGION,
EXTENT,
to attract
miners
MINING
embraced
now
COLOEADO.
IN
MINING
material
Eldorado.
these
for
early
most
thrilling
history.
The
progress
354
and
development of
the
mining-interests
ATLANTIC
THE
of this
The
a
of
dirt
and
localities,
few
a
Central
During
lodes
gold
the
the
the
; and
the
whole
(then Nebraska)
Mexico
the
south,
a
"
This
miles.
foot-hill
the
on
relative to this
of
distance
square
miles.
rapidly
a
is underlaid
three
width
ing
vary-
including
established
inexhaustible
ligniteclass,which
are
it for all
in
in thickness
such
requisite
uses,
domestic
found
is of
purposes.
about
Subsequent explorations
of the eastern
with
New
than
more
the
following facts
great mining-regionof Colorado
length
tervals
in-
at
to
;
First,that the plain country adjacentto and
or
is
region, from
north,
mining-region has
developments have
adapt
face
sur-
what
made,
were
forty to sixty miles^ hence
fifteen thousand
the entire
of
washing
vicinityof
discoveries
Wyoming
from
the
to
were
succeedingyear, explorations
throughout
on
confined
by
ing
Dur-
mining-region.
to
in
followed
City.
widely extended
hundred
dent
resi-
gentleman^ a
a
operationswere
years,
various
of
the
populationto
first two
placersin
and
by
first important gold-discoveries
were
the
and
described
355
PACIFIC.
THE
mining-districts.
largeinflux
now
thus
region are
in the
TO
base
beds
the
of
"
along
mountains
coal, of the
superiorquality as
whether
Some
of
viz.,
for
of these
to
ing,
steam, smelt-
coal-deposits
horizontal,others in vertical beds, varying
from
fifteen inches
to fifteen feet.
Border-
356
ing
in
ATLANTIC
THE
these
coal-measures
qualityto
supply the
to
furnishes
iron
in the
any
depositsof fire-clay,
equal
are
in
world, and
of the
wants
cient
quantitiessuffi-
nation.
The
helt
same
suppliesof limestone, sandstone,gypsum,
outlying belt
is the
This
ore.
of
the
and
mineral
region.
Second, that
ten
twenty
or
the
lower
miles
from
for
foot-hills,
the
plains,are
veins, in nearlyall
copper-bearing
gold
of
silver,or
or
quantitiesin
of them
some
Third, that back
and
Range,
are
found
of
and
in
along the
from
the
range,
northern
Previous
to
to
the
section,by
sections
of
Park, Lake,
and
mines
and
were
in
of
paying
to
the
Snowy
range,
bearingveins,which,
hitherto
Colorado.
constituted
These
are
possibly
tend
ex-
changes
of
acter
char-
believed
to
exist
interruptions,
some
southern
veins
the
boundary
of
rado.
Colo-
ately
1865, the region of country immedi-
surrounding Central
other
silver
and
localities,
with
trace
a
bej^ondthe
west, showing many
different
by
found, and
districts
of
source
bullion-producing
traversed
which
these, extending
gold and
of
and.
have
placers,
the
togetherwith
east
;
includingsome
the great
is
both,
of
distance
a
its
placer and lode
Colorado
Summit
are
the
City was
which
ducing
great gold-pro-
mines.
produced gold
Counties,where
yet worked
only
The
rich
were
placer-
successfully.Tlie
TO
worked
mines
sections
these
in
gold containingbut
rich
; and
County
lodes
silver
in
particularly
more
latter have
make
them
1870,
and
in
Boulder
County,
in
in Park
up
County,
The
production,as
[n
preciousmetals,
the
deposits
discovered,
were
the
silver-ore
of
gold
; also
to
gold-mines of Gilpin
successfully.In
date
County
in
silver-lodes
extensive
1871
of
this
to
ever,
how-
Summit
in
Creek
Clear
in
of the
production of
up
1865,
vicinityof Georgetown.
the
the
worked
opened
others
the great rival
in
County
In
discovered
steadilyincreased
so
gold-mines,producing
were
little silver.
were
1866
in
357
PACIFIC.
THE
and
tumn
au-
were
silver mines
Conejos County.
Nearly
all the
of the
silver ; many
others
discoveries
Lack
of
mining,
works,
and
lead,and
regionhas
are
an
lack
excess
lack of
silver-veins
copper,
carry
the mineral
gold-veins carry
made
every
year.
economical
and
reasonable
of
prodigaland
adequate
unscientific
have, in
facilities,
impediments
have
either
rapidlydisappearing. Mining
and
is conducted
far
more
large
explored;
against the profitsof mining
these
gold;
has
and
new
of
reduction
tated
past, mili-
Colorado.
disappeared,or
been
of
experiments,
times
in
and
area
intelligent
system
and
of
railroad
A
zinc.
of
amount
some
carry
yet been
not
large
a
All
are
systematized,
economicallythan
hitherto.
358
ATLANTIC
THE
The
of
cost
$75
$25
to
The
ton.
per
completion
this
will
make
still further
a
particular.Railways
and
to
in process
the
along
to the
of construction
the
of
in
improvement
in
tion,
opera-
mountains, and
of the
base
base
completed,and
are
from
extensive
of
the
smelting-works, alreadyprojected at
mountains,
declined
has
ores
reducing refractory
of the
heart
very
are
ing
min-
centres.
Finally, unlike
entire
belt
under
the
shadow
showers
fall upon
swollen
during
The
the
thousand
Range
wooded
well
is
are
the
little
and
Snowy
the
the
grassy
The
the
soil and
of cereals ; but
in
and
adaptation to
culture
of small
Gilpin County,the
of land
the
past
under
season,
smallest
thirteen
successful
snows.
foot-hills up
glades afford
to
the
is short
season
climate
are
of
for
excelled
un-
tables,
vege-
fruits.
in extent
and, perhaps,least adapted
the
constantly
dairy,the growth
the
summer
melting
the
finest pasturage in the world.
cultivation
are
the
valleys among
fertile ; and
Range,
streams
by
summer
Situated
watered.
an-d
the
of
it;
mining-regions, this
other
many
to
of all the
ties,
coun-
ing
had, duragriculture,
hundred
and
cultivation,
"
this
twenty
apart
acres
froui
grazing-lands.
Aside
there
are
from
tliis belt,which
kuowJi
to be
has
been
depositsof gold
outlined,
briefly
and
silver in the
INDEX.
A.
Quicksilver
Almaden
Appendices,
The,
Mines,
156.
331.
B.
City
Bluff
Battle
at first
Mountain
Bower
Cave,
sight,
15.
52.
Station,
207.
Black-Hawk,
The
Big Trees,
173, 203.
city of,
308.
C
The
California,
view
California, Summary
Calistoga, The
The
Canon,
Saratoga
"
Clifi" House
Colorado
"
and
Canon,
and
the
the
Pacific,
127.
59.
311.
"
"
Central
up
Railroad,
and
Climate
Society in,
"
Ores,
The
Parks
Creek
Influence
of,
Canon,
of,
318.
3, '7.
location
of, 292.
318.
320.
of, 308.
Treatment
town
to
limits, and
Geographical
Across
78.
Raih-oad, 3ul.
"
Corinne,
226.
of, 283.
"^f
Road,
"
Continent,
the journey,
make
307.
Central
"
"
to
99.
The,
Creek
Clear
year
65.
Central, City of,
Chinese,
the
American,
great
Horn,
Cape
of
season
the,
of,
289.
47.
31
361
362
INDEX.
Council
Bluffs, 15, 272.
to
Crane
203.
Flat,
Stage ride back
Merced,
Coulterville
through,
D.
First
Denver,
of, 291.
view
"
Its history and
"
Railroad
"
Road
Lake,
Donner
to, 291.
down
to the
from,
Inkstand, The,
Devil's
situation, 296.
mines,
303.
137.
56.
E.
Road,
Erie
8.
The,
31.
Evanston,
The
Evans,
Caiiou,
Weber
and
Echo
32.
of, and
town
its
characteristics, 294.
people travelling, 177.
FASHIONABLE
G.
81.
Golden,
The
Gate,
Gentry's, The
to, 202,
trail up
314.
Georgetown,
Geysers,
The
Great, 134.
"
The
steamboat, 138.
"
The
ride up
to the
Great,
134.
Island, 113.
Goat
Golden, The
city of, 300.
enterprises of, 315.
Mechanical
"
Greeley, The
of, 293.
town
H.
Valley,
Hetch-Hetchy
The
Homeward,
Hotel
on
start, 240.
wheels, A,
Hydraulic mining,
Springs,
Idaho
Iowa, A
JURY,
240.
River, The,
Humboldt
Woman,
50.
61.
311.
ride through
The
338.
Northern,
28.
11.
207.
363
INDEX.
K.
Starr,
King,
A
to the
tribute
of, 93.
memorj'
L.
Laramie,
City
of, 27.
"
Great
and
Letters, General
"
Little Plains
of, 28.
plan of the, 7.
of the series
Object
of, 288.
M.
Mariposa,
168.
*'
of
Grove
Merced
big trees,
173.
City, 164.
Mining
peculiar expressions, 317.
towns,
Missouri
River, 270.
"
'"
The
Mountains,
Mountain
Bridge,
24.
Eocky,
view, Grand,
Mormons,
The,
274.
2U7.
their houses
of
and
worship
schools, 38.
N.
Napa
119.
Valley,
city and
"
Nevada
"
its
gardens,
121.
Caiion, 194.
Falls,
196.
O.
Omaha,
The
"
Ogden,
"
city of, at first sight, 15.
"
"
at second
sight, 267.
34.
The
trip to, 42,
P.
Pacific
"
The,
Union,
Railroad, The
what
is
seen
Union, how
it
the
"
"
The
building of
"
"
The
Central
Palisades, The,
and
the
upon
Plan, General, of
the
Yo-Semite
Central,
declared
the continent,
Qin
California,324.
19.
246.
Union, comparison
a,
338.
letters,7.
Point, Highest railroad, on
day's journey,
built, 255.
was
51.
Park, National, The
Quartz-Mining
first
26.
between,
2.56.
364
INDEX.
R.
A
RALSTON'S,
Reno,
day at, 230.
53.
Routes,
The
"
from
several
The
the
from
three
East
Chicago
Chicago, 8.
to
Omaha,
to
9.
S.
Sabbath,
in the
The,
Sacramento,
The
A
"
Salt Lake
city
ride
of, 67.
from,
The,
Arrival
in, 72.
""
"
"
"
"
*'
"
"
"
"
"
"
"
"
"
''
School
and
"
"
Banks
aad
"
"
Horse-cars
"
"
The
"
''
Hotels,
"
"
Art
"
"
The
Seal
68.
buildings of, 3a.
people, and
Francisco,
San
Francisco,
48.
San
Santa
opposite San
Oakland,
to
City, Situation,
Salt Lake.
30.
Mountains,
Rocky
day in,
First
Sunday
in,
73.
75.
after
Impressions
What
is
of the
Streets
Architecture
churches
of, 91.
and
of. 94.
plants,
trees
interests
manufacturing
at, 87,
of, 95.
of, 97.
currency
in, 98.
Chinese
in, 99.
people, and
and
the
artists
of. 106.
amusements
of, 111.
of, 117.
future
Clara, Valley
WTiarf
city of, 90.
and
Gardens,
Oakland
from
seen
in, 86.
week
a
of, 144.
Josfe, City of, 148.
Rock
and
Sherman,
Sight,
a
Sierra
Nevada
Smelting
the
lions, 80.
26.
strange,
83.
Mountains,
Works,
Prof.
and
Sulphur Springs, White,
124.
The
several,
of, 233.
passes
Hill's,306.
Stations,Colfax, Auburn,
Stockton, 215.
Surveys,
and
of peaks
elevation
made
to
Rocklin,
determine
65.
the
routes
for
a
railroad, 262.
T.
Table
of
the
elevation
of iieaks and
passes
333.
Travelling
in California, What
to
wear
in, 222.
in
the
Sierra
Nevada
tains,
Moun-
365
INDEX.
Trees
and
Plants
of
"
"'
Truckee
Yo-Scmitc
in
South,
345.
Mountains,
Rocky
The,
Region,
Tuolumne,
341.
Valley,
56.
of
grove
big
204.
trees,
U.
Utah,
of,
Future
45.
V.
Vernal
Palls,
195.
Valedictory,
287.
Wahsatcii
Mountains,
W.
West,
Advice
Wyoming,
to
82.
those
intending
of, 27,
Territory
to
285.
go,
291.
Y.
Young,
Yo-Seraite,
"
*"
"
44.
Briguam,
the,
To
Valley,
Valley,
"
Routes
"
"
"
The,
the,
into
of,
179.
188.
Flowers,
trees,
to,
via
Mariposa,
to,
via
Big-Oak
via,
around
Trees
31*
a
and
national
plants
shrubs
and
of,
201.
3.31.
Flat,
Coulterville,
Mountains
declared
Valley,
162.
187.
to,
Valley,
the,
Clark's
The,
"
"
to
Mountain-peaks
Fall,
"
Routes
from
Trails
"
"
161.
.332.
332.
the,
park,
growing
.334.
335.
in
and
around
the,
341.
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