close

Enter

Log in using OpenID

Gujarati- English Learners Dictionary Babu Suthar - University of

embedDownload
Gujarati- English Learner’s Dictionary
Babu Suthar
(Second draft)
A Nirman Foundation Project
Department of South Asia Studies
University of Pennsylvania
820 Williams Hall
36th and Spruce
Philadelphia PA 19104
пЈ© Babu Suthar
2
3
In Memory of
Harivallabh Bhayani
4
↓
We will revise this draft again after we receive comments and suggestions from the
scholars and the users. There are still problems with phonetic transcription of some
words. We will fix them as soon as we get feedback from the scholars. Meanwhile,
we request the users to consult us before using information from this dictionary in
their reserach.
↓
Babu Suthar
[email protected]
5
Introduction
Gujarati is a poor language of the rich people. This language does not have scientifically
written grammar books. Whatever grammar books it has are mainly pedagogic. It does
not have well written dictionaries either. There are some, monolingual as well as
bilingual, but many of them are impressionistic and outdated. This language is divided
into many social and geographical dialects, but very few of them have been explored.
Many dialects still await their documentation. It has attracted many linguists, but their
impact on the language, speakers, and writers has been negligible. Gujaratis are
everywhere, and so is Gujarati; but Gujarati rarely is taught systematically. The children
of Gujarati Diaspora learn some Gujarati either from their parents or from Gujarati
language classes run mainly by Hindu temples. There is no well written teaching material
either. Some individuals have created some material, but much of it lacks
professionalism. In addition, it is also faulty either in grammar or in pragmatics or both.
This is unfortunate. In order to overcome this situation, partially if not fully, the
Department of South Asia Regional Studies, University of Pennsylvania has taken a
leadership role. They have encouraged designing teaching material under which we have
created three textbooks: Gujarati Reader 1, 2 and 3. The Reader 1 is devoted to the
writing system, while the Reader 2 is devoted to written conversations. The Reader 3 is a
collection of Aesop’s fables rendered in Gujarati. This dictionary is a part of that project
but it has been funded by the Nirman Foundation, Washington DC. It is perhaps the first
dictionary of the language created for the beginning student who is learning Gujarati
language as a second language. It is also the first dictionary in Gujarati which gives
phonetic transcription of the head words in International Phonetic Alphabet. Besides, it is
also the first one that gives graphemic transcription of each head words. This dictionary
will certainly facilitate the learner in learning the differences between spoken and written
Gujarati.
I am thankful to Nirman Foundation. Without their support this dream would have
remained unfulfilled. I am also thankful to Prof. Bhikhu Parekh and Dr. Chandrakant
Shrof for taking personal interest in this project. I can not forget Prof. Guy Welbon,
former Chairperson of the South Asia Regional Studies, University of Pennsylvania, who
underlined the need of creating teaching material and supported all the projects. This
dictionary is the third project that he supported. I am also thankful to Prof. Michael W.
Meister, the Chairperson of the Department of South Asia, for encouraging me in
finishing this work. Finally, I am thankful to Prof. Buckley, Department of Linguistics,
University of Pennsylvania, and Dr. Bharti Modi, Ex. Chairperson, Department of
Linguistics, The M.S. University of Baroda for ofering me guidance on various issues
related to compiling dictionary.
Babu Suthar
Sunday, June 29, 2003
6
Content
1. Explanatory notes
2. Abbriviations
3. Dictionary
A
Aa
;
:
w
W
Вў
Ae
AE
Ao
AO
k
`
g
3
c
2
j
z
4
5
6
7
t
9
d
0
n
p
f
b
m
y
r
l
v
=
q
s
h
7
10
12
12
20
25
26
26
29
30
30
32
32
33
33
41
46
52
55
62
65
70
73
75
77
79
80
87
88
96
100
111
132
137
146
154
167
168
175
183
200
205
205
229
7
x
}a
4. Gujarati Parts of speech
5. Numerals
235
235
236
255
8
Explanatory Notes:
Structure of the entries: Each entry contains five parts in the following order: 1. Headword, 2. Phonetic transcription, 3. Graphemic transcription, 4. Grammatical designation
and 5. Gloss. In addition, some entries may contain example.
1. Head-word: Head-word is the word to be glossed. It is given here in Gujarati script.
Spellings such as gГ…ga, pВЁjo, 5*6I, sNt and sMp are avoided in favor of more traditional
spellings g&ga, p&jo, 5&6I, s&t and s&p.
2. Phonetic transcription: For each head-word phonetic transcription is given here in
Broad transcription. Syllabic division is also marked. This will facilitate the learners in
learning how to pronounce the words and how to relate them with their grapheme
structure. However, stress pattern is left unmarked.
Phonetic transcription is given in International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) which is
given bellow:
Vowels:
Front
Close
Central Back
i
u
Close-mid e
o
\
Open-mid Вґ
Open
a
Гё
9
Лњ
j
Г†
s
n
l
r
Гџ
dЛ™
Lateral
approximant
Approximant
p
pЛ™
non-asp.
asp.
Plosive
vl.
Trill
vd.
m
Bilabial
Nasal
vd.
b
Labiodental
v
vl.
tЛ™
vd.
bЛ™
Dental
d
vd.
t
Alveolar
Вµ
Г”Л™
cЛ™
Post alveolar vl.
Fricative
vl.
Л‡
vd.
ГЋ
vl.
Retroflex
gЛ™
Г”
vd.
c
Palatal
ВЇ
k
vl.
kЛ™
vd.
ГЋЛ™
Velar
Л‡Л™
vl.
g
Pharyngeal
h
Consonants:
10
3. Graphemic transcription: For each word graphemic transcription is also given using
the following symbols. This will help students learning the relationship between sound
and later with is not always symmetrical in Gujarati.
Vowels:
A
\
Aa
a
;
i
:
ii
w
u
W
uu
Ae
e
AE
\i
Ao
o
AO
\u
A&
\m
AЕ \h
Вў
ru≤
Consonants:
k
k\
`
kh\
g
g\
3
gh\
c
c\
2
ch\
j
Г”\
z
Г”h\
4
Л‡\
5
Л‡h\
6
ГЋ\
7
ГЋh\
8
ВЇ\
t
t\
9
th\
d
d\
0
dh\
n
n\
p
p\
f
ph\
b
b\
bh\
m
m\
y
y\
r
r\
l
l\
v
v\
=
Гџ\
q
sВ°\
s
s\
h
h\
X
Г†\
x
kГџ\
}a
gn\
4. Gloss: Gloss illustrates the main sense of the word. In some cases, more than one
meaning are given in the order of their prominence.
11
Abbriviations
adj.
advb.
conj.
fem.
hon.
masc.
neut.
postp
pron.
v.intr.
v.dat.
v.exp.
v.tr.
adjective
adverb
conjunction
feminine
honorific
masculine
neuter
postposition
pronoun
intransitive verb
dative verb
experiencer verb
transitive verb
Symbols:
/./
<.>
syllabic break
boundary of the letter
A
Axy /\k.Гџ\.j\/ <\.kГџ\.j\> adj.
1.imperishable. 2. inexhaustible.
Akb&0 /\k.b\n.dЛ™\/ <\.k\.b\~.dh\> adj. .
1. intact. 2. neither opened nor broken.
Axr /\k.Гџ\.r\/ <\.kГџ\.r\> masc. .1. a
letter, 2. a syllable
Ak6avu& /\k.ГЋa.vu~/ <\.k\.ГЋa.vu~> v.intr.
to get angry.
Axr /\k.Гџ\.r\/ <\.kГџ\.r\> adj. .
indestructible.
Ak6avu& /\k.ГЋa.vu~/ <\.k\.ГЋa.vu~> v.intr.
to have cramp.
Axr=Е /\k.Гџ\.r\.Гџ\.h\/ <\.kГџ\.r\.Гџ\.h\>
adv.. 1.literally. 2. letter by letter. 3.
word by word.
AkmRk /\.k\r.m\.k/ <\.k\.rm\.k\> adj. .
intransitive. a verb that does not take a
direct verb.
Axa&= /\k.Гџa~.Гџ\/ <\.kГџa~.s\> masc. a
degree of latitude.
AksIr /\k.sir/ <\.k\.sii.r\> adj. .
effective.
A`&6 /\.kЛ™\ВЇ.ГЋ\/ <\.kh\~.ГЋ\> adj.
1.unbroken. 2. ceaseless.
AkSmat /\.k\s.mat/ <\.k\.sma.t\> neut.
. accident
A`&&i6t /\.kЛ™\ВЇ.ГЋit/ <\.kh\~.ГЋi.t\> adj. .
1.unbroken. 2. constant.
AkSmate /\.k\s.ma.te/ <\.k\.sma.te>
advb.. accidentally.
A`tro /\.kЛ™\t.ro/ <\.kh\.t\.ro> masc.
.1. an experiment. 2. a trial
AkXam8 /\k.Г†a.m\ВЇ/ <\.k\.Г†a.m\.ВЇ\>
fem.
1. perplexity. 2. acute worry.
A`bar /\kЛ™.bar/ <\.kh\.ba.r\> neut. . a
news paper
AkXavu& /\k.Г†a.vu~/ <\.k\.Г†a.vu~> v.intr. .
to get angry.
Ak\k6 /\k.k\.ГЋ/ </\.kk\.ГЋ\> adj. 1. stiff.
2. unbending.
Ak\krmI /\k.k\r.mi/ <\.kk\.r\.mii> adj.
unfortunate.
A`a6o /\.kЛ™a.ГЋo/ <\.kha.do> masc. . a
gymnasium
A`at /\.kЛ™at/ <\.kha.t\> masc. .1. a bay.
2. a gulf
Agi8t /\.g\.ВЇit/ adj. .<\.g\.ВЇi.t\> 1.
innumerable. 2. uncounable.
Ak\kl /\k.k\l/ <\.kk\.l\> fem. . sense.
Ag8otr /\.g\.ВЇo.t\r/ <\.g\.ВЇo.t\.t\>
adj. . sixty nine.
Axt /\k.Гџ\.t\/ <\.kГџ\.t\> adj. .1. whole.
2. unbroken.
Ag*ya=I /\.g\.ВЇja.Гџi/ <\.g\.ВЇja.Гџii> adj. .
seventy nine.
13
AgTy /\.g\t.j\/ <\.g\.tj\> neut.
important.
AgTyta /\.g\t.j\.ta/ <\.g\.tj\.ta> fem. .
importance.
Agm cetI /\.g\m.ce.ti/ <\.g\.m\.ce.tii>
fem.
1.forsight. 2. precaution.
Agm va8I /\.g\m.va.ВЇi/ <\.g\.va.ВЇii>
fem.1. prophecy. 2. mysterious words.
AigyarI /\.gi.ja.ri/ <\.gi.ja.rii> fem. . a
small fire temple in which Parsis keep
their sacred fire.
Agocr /\.go.c\r/ <\.go.c\.r\> adj.
1.beyond senses. 2. imperceptible.
AiGn /\g.ni/ <\.gni> masc. .fire
AiGndah /\g.ni.dah/ <\.gni.da.h\> masc.
. cremation ceremony.
AgMy /\.g\m.j\/ <\.g\.mj\> adj. .1.
mysterious. 2. inaccessible.
AiGns&Skar /\g.ni.sam.ska.r\/
<\.gni.s\~.ska.r\> masc. . cremation
ceremony.
Agrb]aI /\.g\r.b\t.ti/ <\.g\.r\.b\.ttii>
fem. . incense stick.
A3i4t /\.gЛ™\.Л‡it/ adj. improper.
Agv6 /\g.v\ГЋ/ <\.g\.v\.ГЋ\> fem.
inconvenience.
A3ru& /\.gЛ™\.ru~/ <\.gh\.ru~> adj.
difficult.
Agaw /\.ga.u~/ <\.ga.u> prep.. before.
Ac&bo /\.c\m.bo/ <\.c\~.bo> masc. .1. a
surprise, 2. an astonishment
AgawnI /\.ga.u~.ni/ <\.ga.u.nii> adj. .
previous (in terms of time).
Acank /\.ca.n\k/ <\.ca.n\.k\> advb. .
1.suddenly, 2. accidentally
Agaw9I /\.ga.u.tЛ™i/ <\.ga.u.thii> advb.
.in advance.
AcUk /\.cuk/ <\.cuu.k\> advb.
.1.without a mistake, 2. sure
AgasI /\.ga.si/ <\.ga.sii> fem. . terrace.
A2t /\.cЛ™\t/ <\.ch\.t\> fem. .1.scarcity,
2. shortage
Aigyar /\.gi.jar/ <\.gi.ja.r\> adj.
.eleven.
Aigyarmu& /\.gi.jar.mu~/ <\.gi.ja.r\.mu~>
neut. the eleventh day after death.
Aigyars /\.gi.ja.r\s/ <\.gi.ja.r\.s\> fem.
the eleventh day of a fortnight of a
Hindu lunar month.
A2tu& /\.cЛ™\.tu~/ <\.ch\.tu~> advb.
.1.secret, 2. hidden
A2bDa /\.cЛ™\b.ГЋa/ <\.ch\.b\.ГЋa> masc. .
chicken-pox (honorific).
A2Ut /\.cЛ™ut/ <\.chu.t\> adj. .
untouchable
14
A2o6o /\.cЛ™o.ГЋo/ <\.cho.ГЋo> masc. a
chain of gold or silver
A}aan /\g.na.n\/ <\.gna.n\> neut. .
ignorance
Ajgr /\Г”.g\r/ <\.Г”\.g\.r\> masc. . a
python
A}aanI /\g.na.ni/ <\.gna.nii> adj.
.ignorant
Ajb /\.Г”\b/ <\.Г”\.b\> adj. .1. strange, 2.
surprising
A4k /\.Л‡\k/ <\.Л‡\.k\> fem. .1. surname,
2. a family name. 3. last name.
Ajmavvu& /\Г”.mav.vu~/ <\.Г”\.ma.v\.vu~>
v.tr. 1. to try, 2. to test.
A4kvu& /\.Л‡\k.vu~/ <\.Л‡\.k\.vu~> v.intr. . to
stop.
Ajmo /\Г”.mo/ <\.Г”\.mo> masc. . parsley
AjvaXvu& /\Ô.vaÆ.vu~/ <\.Ô\.va.Æ\.vu~> v.tr.
.to cleanse.
A4kX /\Л‡.k\Г†/ <\.Л‡\.k\.Г†\> fem. . an
inference
AjvaXIyu& /\Г”.va.Г†i.Г”u~/ <\.Г”\.va.Г†ii.ju~>
neut. 1. the bright half of a lunar month,
2. Small holes in the roof foe admitting
sun-light.
AjvaXu& /\Г”.va.Г†u~/ <\.Г”\.va.Г†u~> neut.
.light
Aj&po /\.Г”\.mpo/ <\.Г”\~.po> masc. .
restlessness
Aja8 /\.Г”aВЇ/ <\.Г”a.ВЇ\> adj. . ignorant
Aja*yu& /\.Г”a.ВЇyu~/ <\.Г”a.ВЇju~>
adj.1.unknown, 2. stranger
AjaybI /\.Г”a.j\.bi/ <\.Г”a.j\.bii> fem. .1. a
wonder, 2. a surprise
[email protected] /\.Г”ir.ВЇ\/ <\.Г”ii.rВЇ\> neut.
indigestion
Ajey /\.Г”ej/ <\.Г”e.j\> adj. .
unconquerable
Ajo6 /\.Г”o.ГЋ/ <\.Г”o.ГЋ\> adj. . unique
A4p4u& /\Л‡.p\.Л‡u~/ adj. <\.Л‡\.p\.Л‡u~>
1.intricate, 2. complex
A4vavu& /\Л‡.va.vu~/ <\.Л‡\.va.vu~> v.intr. . to
wander.
A5vai6k /\Л‡Л™.va.ГЋik/ <\.Л‡h\.va.ГЋi.k\>
adj. . weekly
A5vai6yu& /\Л‡Л™.va.ГЋi.ju~/ <\.Л‡h\.va.ГЋi.ju~>
neut. a week
A5&g /\.Л‡Л™\Лњ.g\/ <\.Л‡h\~.g\> adj. . out and
out.
A5\5a; /\.ˇ˙ˇ˙a.i/ <\.ˇhˇha.i> fem. . a
religious vows of the Jains. A person
who takes this vow fasts for the period
of eight days.
A5\5a8u& /\.ˇ˙ˇ˙a.¯u~/ <\.ˇhˇha.¯u~> adj. .
ninety eight.
A5\5avn /\.ˇ˙ˇ˙a.v\n/ <\.ˇhˇha.v\.n\>
adj. fifty eight.
A5\yotr /\.Л‡Л™jo.t\r/ <\.Л‡hjo.t\.r\> adj. .
seventy eight.
15
A5\yasI /\.Л‡Л™ja.si/ <\.Л‡hja.sii> adj. . eighty
eight.
A7I /\.ГЋЛ™i/ <\.ГЋhii> adj. . two and a
half.
A6kvu& /\.ГЋ\k.vu~/ <\.ГЋ\.k\.vu~> v.tr. .to
touch.
A8gmo /\ВЇ.g\.mo/ <\.ВЇ\.g\.mo> masc.
. dislike.
A6`e p6`e /\ГЋ.kЛ™e p\ГЋ.kЛ™e/
<\.ГЋ\.khe p\.ГЋ\.khe> adv..1. beside,
2. adjacent to, 3. side by side.
A836 /\ВЇ.gЛ™\ГЋ/ <\.ВЇ\.gh\.ГЋ\> adj. .
unskilled
A6g /\.ГЋ\g/ <\.ГЋ\.g\> adj. .1.
immovable, 2. unperturbed.
A6c8 /\ГЋ.c\ВЇ/ <\.ГЋ\.c\.ВЇ\> fem. .
obstacle
A80ayuR& /\ВЇ.dЛ™a.rju~/ <\.ВЇ\.dha.rju~> adj.
& advb. unexpected.
A8manItu& /\ВЇ.ma.ni.tu~/ <\.ВЇ\.ma.nii.tu~>
adj. .unfavorable.
A6talIs /\ГЋ.ta.lis/ <\.ГЋ\.ta.lii.s\> adj.
forty eight.
A8vr /\ВЇ.v\r/ <\.ВЇ\.v\.r\> masc. a
relative of the bridgroom who assists
him during marriage ritual.
A6d /\.ГЋ\d/ <\.ГЋ\.d\> masc. a kind of
pulse
Ai8 /\.ВЇi/ <\.ВЇi> fem. sharp point of
anything.
A60u& /\ГЋ.dЛ™u~/ <\.ГЋ\.dhu~> adj. half.
Aiti9 /\.ti.tЛ™i/ <\.ti.thi> masc. . a guest
who comes without prior information.
A6plu& /\.ГЋ\p.lu~/ <\.ГЋ\.p\.lu~> neut. .1.a
mischief, 2. a prank
A6vu& /\ГЋ.vu~/ <\.ГЋ\.vu~> v.tr. . to touch.
A6s5 /\ГЋ.s\Л‡Л™/ <\.ГЋ\.s\.Л‡h\> adj. .sixty
eight.
A6oA6 /\ГЋo.\ГЋ/ <\.ГЋo.\.ГЋ\> postp.
.very closely.
A6\6o /\ГЋ.ГЋo/ <\.ГЋГЋo> masc. .a meeting
place of unsocial element.
A7Xk /\.ГЋЛ™\.Г†\k/ <\.ГЋ\.Г†\.k\> adj. .
plentiful.
Aitrek /\.ti.rek/ <\.ti.re.k\> masc. . an
excess
AtIt /\.tit/ <\.tii.t\> masc. . past.
Atu4 /\.tuˇ/ <\.tu.ˇ\> adj. . unbreakable.
A]ar /\Л‡.Л‡\r/ <\.tt\.r\> neut. .perfume
ATy&t /\t.j\n.t\/ <\.tj\~.t\> adj. .
excessive
ATyacar /\t.ja.car/ <\.tja.ca.r\> masc. .
tyranny
ATyare /\t.ja.re/ <\.tja.re> adv.. just now
A7ar /\.ГЋЛ™ar/ <\.ГЋha.r\> adj. . eighteen.
A{a /\t.r\/ <\.tr\> advb.. at this place
16
A96avu& /\tЛ™.ГЋa.vu~/ <\.th.ГЋa.vu~> v.intr.
.1. to collide, 2. to hit against.
A9a8u& /\.tЛ™a.ВЇu~/ <\.tha.ВЇu~> neut. .
pickle
A0Iru& /\.dЛ™i.ru~/ <\.dhii.ru~> adj. .
impatient.
A0ur&u /\.dЛ™u.ru~/ <\.dhu.ru~> adj. .
incomplete.
Ada /\.da/ <\.da> fem. . action.
A)0r /\dЛ™.dЛ™\r/ <\.dhdh\.r\> advb..1.
unsupported, 2. hanging in mid air.
Adalt /\.da.l\t/ <\.da.l\.t\> fem. . a
judicial court.
An9R /\.n\r.tЛ™\/ <\.n\.rth\> masc. . a
misinterpretation.
Adavt /\.da.v\t/ <\.da.v\.t\> fem. .
enmity.
An&t /\.n\n.t\/ <\.n\~.t\> adj. .1.endless,
2. infinite.
AВ±+y /\.dr\Гџ.j\/ <\.dr\.Гџj\> adj. .
invisible.
Anaj /\.naГ”/ <\.na.Г”\> neut. .grain.
Ana9 /\.natЛ™/ <\.na.th\> adj. . orphan.
Ade`a; /\.de.kЛ™ai/ <\.de.kha.i> fem. .
jealously
Ade`u& /\.de.kЛ™u~/ <\.de.khu~> adj. .
jealous
Ad\-Ut /\d.bЛ™ut/ <\.d\.bhu.t\> adj. .
wonderful
A0kcru& /\dЛ™.k\c.ru~/ <\.dh\.k\.c\.ru~>
adj. partly baked or cooked.
A0m /\.dЛ™\m/ <\.dh\.m\> adj. mean.
A0mUw& /\dЛ™.mu.u~/ <\.dh\.mu.u> adj. .
half-dead.
A0mR /\.dЛ™\r.m\/ <\.dh\.rm\> masc. .1.
the reverse of religion, 2. immoral.
A0vc /\dЛ™.v\c/ <\.dh\.v\.c\> advb..1.
in the middle, 2. midway.
Ai0kar /\.dЛ™i.kar/ <\.dhi.ka.r\> masc. .
a right.
Ana9a[am /\.na.tЛ™a.Гџr\.m\/
<\.na.tha.Гџr\.m\> masc. . an
orphanage.
Anadr /\.na.d\r/ <\.na.d\.r\> masc. .
an insult.
Anamt /\.na.m\t/ <\.na.m\.t\> fem. .
deposit.
AnamI /\.na.mi/ <\.na.mii> adj. .
nameless.
Ainyimt /\.nij.mit/ <\.ni.j\.mi.t\> adj.
irregular.
AiniВѕt /\.niГџ.cit/ <\.ni.Гџci.t\> adj. .
uncertain.
AnIit /\.ni.ti/ <\.nii.ti> fem.
immorality.
Anukr8 /\.nu.k\.r\ВЇ/ <\.nu.k\.r\.ВЇ\>
neut.
immitation.
17
AnukUX /\.nu.kuÆ/ <\.nu.kuu.Æ\> adj. .
suitable.
Apvad /\p.vad/ <\.p\.va.d\> masc. . an
exception.
Anuk/m /\.nu.kr\m/ <\.nu.kr\.m\>
masc. .1. order, 2. sequence.
Apiv{a /\.p\.vit.r\/ <\.p\.vi.tr\> adj.
unholy.
Anu-v /\.nu.bЛ™\v/ <\.nu.bh\.v\> masc.
experience.
Ap=Bd /\p.Гџ\b.d\/ <\.p\.Гџ\.bd\> masc.
an abuse.
Anu-vI /\.nu.bЛ™\.vi/ <\.nu.bh\.vii> adj.
experienced.
Ap=ukn /\p.Гџu.k\n/ <\.p\.Гџu.k\.n\>
masc. . ill-omen.
Anuman /\.nu.man/ <\.nu.ma.n\> neut. .
an inference.
Ap&g /\.p\Лњ.g\/ adj. . <\.p\~.g\> 1. lame,
2. crippled.
Anuvad /\.nu.vad/ <\.nu.va.d\> masc.
translation.
Apasro /\.pa.s\.ro/ <\.pa.s\.ro> masc. .
a Jain monestry.
Anusrvu& /\.nu.s\r.vu~/ <\.nu.s\.r\.vu~>
v.intr to follow.
ApUj /\.puГ”/ <\.puu.Г”\> adj. . not
worshipped.
AnuSnatk /\.nus.na.t\k/ <\.nu.sna.t\.k\>
adj. post-graduate.
Apexa /\.pek.Гџa/ <\.pe.kГџa> fem. .
expectation.
AnuSvar /\.nus.var/ <\.nu.sva.r\> neut.
a sign written on the top of a letter that
indicates a nasal sound or nasalization
of a vowel.
Ap/g4 /\.pr\.g\Л‡/ <\.pr\.g\.Л‡\> adj. .
unpublished.
Ane /\.ne/ <\.ne> conj.. and.
Aip/y /\p.ri.j\/ <\.pri.j\> adj. .
disguisting.
Anek /\.nek/ <\.ne.k\> adj. . many.
Afva /\pЛ™.va/ <\.ph\.va> fem. . a
rumors.
ANyay /\n.jaj/ <\.nja.j\> masc. .
injustice.
Afsos /\pЛ™.sos/ <\.ph\.so.s\> masc. .1.
repentance, 2. alas.
Apco /\.p\.co/ <\.p\.co> masc. .
indigestion.
Abj /\.b\Г”/ <\.b\.Г”\> adj. . one
thousand millions.
Apj= /\p.Г”\Гџ/ <\.p\.Г”\.Гџ\> masc.
.disgrace.
Abjopit /\.b\.Г”o.p\.ti/ <\.b\.Г”o.p\.tii>
adj. a millionaire
Apman /\p.man/ <\.p\.ma.n\> neut. .
an insult
A-8 /\.bЛ™\ВЇ/ <\.bh\.ВЇ\> adj. .
illiterate.
18
A-av /\.bЛ™av/ <\.bha.v\> masc. .
dislike.
Ai-n&dn /\.bЛ™i.n\n.d\n/
<\.bhi.n\~.d\.n\> masc. congratulation.
(Honorific)
Ai-neta /\.bЛ™i.ne.ta/ <\.bhi.ne.ta> masc.
. a male actor.
Ai-p/a.y /\.bЛ™i.pra.j\/ <\.bhi.pra.j\>
masc. . an opinion.
ArIso /\.ri.so/ <\.rii.so> masc. .a
mirror.
Are /\.re/ <\.re> inter.. an exclamation
expressing surprise, `oh’.
A9R /\r.tЛ™\/ <\.rth\> masc. 1. meaning,
2. wealth.
Alg /\.l\g/ <\.l\.g\> adj. . separate.
AlI /\.li/ <\.lii> fem. . a female friend
for a female.
Alop /\.lop/ <\.lo.p\> adj. . invisible.
Ai-man /\.bЛ™i.man/ <\.bhi.ma.n\> neut.
. arrogance.
AlOkIk /\.l\u.kik/ <\.l\u.kii.k\> adj. .
devine.
Ai-manI /\.bЛ™i.ma.ni/ <\.bhi.ma.nii>
adj. . arrogant.
Avd=a /\v.d\.Гџa/ <\.v\.d\.Гџa> fem. .
misfortune.
A_yas /\bЛ™.ja.s\/ <\.bhja.s\> masc. .1.
study, 2. practice.
Avnvu& /\v.n\.vu~/ <\.v\.n\.vu~> adj. .
new.
Amr /\.m\r/ <\.m\.r\> adj. immortal.
Avyv /\.v\.j\v/ <\.v\.j\.v\> masc. .a
limb.
Amaru& /\.ma.ru~/ <\.ma.ru~> pron.. our
(exclusive).
Amas /\.mas/ <\.ma.s\> fem. . the last
day of the dark half of a lunar month.
Amuk /\.muk/ <\.mu.k\> adj. . some.
Avro0 /\v.rodЛ™/ <\.v\.ro.dh\> masc. .a
hurdle.
Avlokn /\v.lo.k\n/ <\.v\.lo.k\.n\>
neut. . observation.
Av+y /\vГџ.j\/ <\.v\.Гџj\> advb. . surely.
AmULy /\.mul.j\/ <\.muu.lj\> adj.
.priceless.
Ame /\.me/ <\.me> pron.. we
(exclusive).
AyoGy /\.jog.j\/ <\.jo.gj\> adj. .
improper.
Avsr /\v.s\r/ <\.v\.s\.r\> masc. an
occasion.
Avsan /\v.san/ <\.v\.sa.n\> neut.
death.
AvXa; /\v.Г†ai/ <\.v\.Г†a.i> fem. improper
behavior.
19
AvXu& /\v.Г†u~/ <\.v\.Г†u~> adj. up side
down.
Avaj /\.vaГ”/ <\.va.Г”\> masc. .1.voice, 2.
sound.
Avarnvar /\.var.n\.var/
<\.va.r\.n\.va.r\> advb. .frequently.
AvaXu& /\.va.Г†u~/ <\.va.Г†u~> neut. . the
gums of teeth.
Aivny /\.vi.n\j/ <\.vi.n\.j\> masc.
.immodesty.
A=kt /\.Гџ\k.t\/ <\.Гџ\.kt\> adj. . weak.
As&~y /\.s\ВЇ.kЛ™j\/ <\.s\~.khj\> adj.
innumerable.
As&toq /\.s\n.toГџ/ <\.s\~.to.sВ°\> masc. .
dissatisfaction.
As&-v /\.s\m.bЛ™\v/ <\.s\~.bh\.v\> adj.
.impossible.
As&mt /\.s\m.m\t/ <\.s\~.m\.t\> adj.
.disagreeing.
As&SkarI /\.sams.ka.ri/ <\.s\~.ska.rii>
adj. . uncivilized.
A=a&t /\.Гџa~n.t\/ <\.Гџa~.t\> adj. . troubled.
Asa)y /\.sa.dЛ™j\/ <\.sa.dhj\> adj. .
incurable.
A=u)0 /\.ГџudЛ™.dЛ™\/ <\.Гџu.dhdh\> adj. .
impure.
Asur /\.sur/ <\.suu.r\> masc. . demon.
A=u- /\.ГџubЛ™/ <\.Гџu.bh\> adj.
inauspicious.
AiS9r /\.stЛ™i.r\/ <\.sthi.r\> adj. .
unstable.
Aqa6 /\.ßaÎ/ <\.s°°a.Î\> masc. ninth
month of the Vikram era.
ASpQ4 /\.sp\Гџ.Л‡\/ <\.sp\.sВ°Л‡\> adj. .
vague.
AsTy /\.s\t.j\/ <\.s\.tj\> neut. .1. false,
2. untrue.
ASvC2 /\.sv\c.cЛ™\/ <\.sv\.cch\> adj. .
impure.
Asr /\.s\r/ <\.s\.r\> fem. .effect.
ASvS9 /\.sv\s.tЛ™\/ <\.sv\.sth\> adj.
1.restless 2. sick.
Asl /\.s\l/ <\.s\.l\> adj. .original.
Ashkar /\.s\h.kar/ <\.s\.h\.ka.r\>
masc. .
non-co-operation.
Ashay /\.s\.haj/ <\.s\.ha.j\> adj. .
helpless.
As¬ /\.s\h.j\/ <\.s\.hj\> adj. .
unbearable.
ASva-aivk /\.sva.bЛ™a.vi.k\/
<\.sva.bha.vi.k\> adj. . unnatural.
ASvIkar /\.svi.kar/ <\.svii.ka.r\> masc.
1.rejection 2. denial.
Aih&sk /\.him.s\k/ <\.hi~.s\.k\> adj. .
non-violent.
20
Aihsa /\.him.sa/ <\.hi~.sa> fem. . nonvilence.
A&tr /\n.t\r/ <\~.nt\.r\> neut. .1.the
heart 2. the mind. [an abstract notion that
refers to one’s conscience.]
AhI& /\.hi~/ <\.hi~> advb. . here.
A&itm /\n.tim/ <\~.ti.m\> adj. . last.
AhI&ya& /\.hi~.ja~/ <\.hi~.ja~> advb. .same as
AhI&.
Ahoho /\.ho.ho/ <\.ho.ho> excl.. an
exclamation expressing surprise.
AX`am8u& /\Г†.kЛ™am.ВЇu~/ <\.Г†\.kha.m\.ВЇu~>
adj. .1. unfavorable 2. disagreeable.
AXgu& /\Г†.gu~/ <\.Г†\.gu~> adj. .1.detached
2. uncommon.
A&kur /\Лњ.ku.r\/ <\~.ku.r\> masc. .1. a
sprout 2. an offshoot.
A&g /\Лњ.g\/ <\~.g\> neut. . the body.
A&grxk /\Лњ.g\.r\k.Гџ\.k\/
<\~.g\.r\.kГџ\.k\> masc. .a body-guard.
A&gU5I /\Лњ.gu.Л‡Л™i/ <\~.guu.Л‡hii> fem. . a
finger ring.
A&gU5o /\Лњ.gu.Л‡Л™o/ <\~.gu.Л‡ho> masc. .a
thumb.
A&g/ej /\Лњ.g\.reГ”/ <\~.gre.Г”\> masc. . an
Englishman.
A&te /\n.te/ <\~.te> advb. .1. finally 2. at
last.
A&dr /\n.d\r/ <\~.d\.r\> postp. .1. in 2.
within 3. inside 4. into.
A&daj /\n.daГ”/ <\~.da.Г”\> masc. . an
estimate.
A&0a0U&0I /\n.dЛ™a.dЛ™u~n.dЛ™i/
<\~.dha.dhuu~.dhii> fem. . chaos.
A&0apo /\n.dЛ™a.po/ <\~.dha.po> masc. .
blindness.
A&0arIyu& /\n.dЛ™a.ri.ju~/ <\~.dha.rii.ju~> neut.
. the dark half of a lunar month.
A&0aru& /\n.dЛ™a.ru~/ <\~.dha.ri.ju~> neut. .
darkness.
A&bo6o /\m.bo.ГЋo/ <\~.bo.ГЋo> masc. . a
knot of plaited hair of a woman.
A&= /\mГџ/ <\~.Гџ\> masc. .a part, a section
Aa
A&g/[email protected] /\Лњ.g\.re.Г”i/ <\~.gre.Г”ii> fem.
.English.
Aa /a/ <a> proun.. this.
A&t /\n.t\/ <\~.t\> masc. . an end.
Aakar /a.kar/ <a.ka.r\> masc. .1. shape
2. form.
A&tr /\n.t\r/ <\~.t\.r\> neut. . distance.
Aaka= /a.kaГџ/ <a.ka.Гџ\> neut. . sky.
Aaka&xa /a.ka~.kГџa/ <a.ka~.kГџa> fem. .
desire.
21
Aak<it /ak.ru.ti/ <a.kru≤.ti> fem. . a
diagram.
Aacrkucr /a.c\r ku.c\r/ neut.
.miscellaneous food or household
articles.
Aak/m8 /ak.r\.m\ВЇ/ <a.kr\.m\.ВЇ\> neut.
. an attack.
Aacar /a.c\r/ <a.ca.r\> masc. .behavior.
Aaxep /ak.Гџep/ <a.kГџe.p\> masc.
.accusation.
AacayR /a.car.j\/ <a.ca.rj\> masc. 1. a
principal 2. a spritual leader. (Honorific)
Aa`re /a.kЛ™\.re/ <a.kh\.re> advb.
.finally.
Aa2u& /a.cЛ™u~/ <a.chu~> adj. dim.
Aaj /aГ”/ <a.Г”\> fem. today.
Aa`lo /akЛ™.lo/ <a.kh\.lo> masc. . a bull.
Aag /ag/ <a.g\> fem. . fire.
[email protected]@ /a.Г”i.Г”i/ <a.Г”ii.Г”ii> fem. an humble
request.
Aagbo4 /ag.boˇ/ <a.g\.bo.ˇ\> fem. a
steamer.
[email protected] /a.Г”i.v\n/ <a.Г”ii.v\.n\> adj. .
lifelong.
Aagm /a.g\m/ <a.g\.m\> masc.
religious texts of the Jains.
Aaju baju /a.Г”u ba.Г”u/ <a.Г”u.ba.Г”u> adv.
around.
Aaglu& /ag.lu~/ <a.g\.lu~> adj. . previous.
Aa4lu& /aˇ.lu~/ <a.ˇ\.lu~> adj. .this much.
AagX /a.g\Г†/ <a.g\.Г†\> advb. .1. in front
of 2. in future.
Aa4o /a.Л‡o/ <a.Л‡o> masc. . flour.
Aa5 /aˇ˙/ <a.ˇh\> adj. . eight.
AagamI /a.ga.mi/ <a.ga.mii> advb.
1.ensuing 2. forthcoming.
AagahI /a.ga.hi/ <a.gaa.hii> fem. .a
prediction.
Aaigyo /a.gi.jo/ <a.gi.jo> masc. . 1. a fire
fly, 2. a glowworm, 3. a lightning bug.
Aag/h /ag.r\.h\/ <a.gr\.h\> masc. .a
strong request.
Aa5m /a.Л‡Л™\m/ <a.Л‡h\.m\> fem. . the
eighth day of bright or dark half of the
Hindu month.
Aa68I /aГЋ.ВЇi/ <a.ГЋ\.ВЇii> fem. . a wooden
round stood to shape rotali or puri .
Aa6{aIs /a.ГЋ\t.ris/ <a.ГЋ\.trii.s\> adj. .
thirty eight.
Aa6u& /a.ГЋu~/ <a.ГЋu~> adj. . crosswise.
Aa3at /a.gЛ™at/ <a.gha.t\> masc. a shock.
Aa3u& /a.gЛ™u~/ <a.ghu~> advb. . distant.
Aa6o=pa6o= /a.ГЋoГџ.pa.ГЋoГџ/
<a.ГЋo.Гџ\.pa.ГЋo.Гџ\> masc. neighbours.
22
Aa8vu& /aВЇ.vu~/ <a.ВЇ\.vu~> v.tr. .1. to fetch
2. to bring.
Aa8u& /a.ВЇu~/ <a.ВЇu~> neut. .
AaTma /at.ma/ <a.tma> masc. . soul.
Aan&d /a.n\n.d\/ <a.n\~.d\> masc. .1.
pleasure 2. joy.
AanakanI /a.na.ka.ni/ <a.na.ka.ni> fem.
1.hesitation 2. indecision.
Aap8e /ap.ВЇe/ <a.p\.ВЇe> pron.. we
(inclusive).
Aa9m8u& /a.tЛ™\m.ВЇu~/ <a.th\.m\.ВЇu~> adj. .
western.
Aapi]a /a.p\t.ti/ <a.p\.ВЇe> fem. . trouble.
Aa9mvu& /a.tЛ™\m.vu~/ <a.th\.m\.vu~> v.intr
.to set.
AapmeXe /ap.me.Г†e/ <a.p\.me.Г†e> advb. .
atomatically.
Aadr /a.d\r/ <a.d\.r\> masc. .respect.
Aaple /ap.le/ <a.p\.le> fem. . give and
take.
Aad=R /a.d\r.Гџ\/ <a.d\.rГџ\> adj. . ideal.
Aada=I=I /a.da.Гџi.Гџi/ <a.da.Гџii.Гџii> fem. .
migraine.
AapvItI /ap.vi.ti/ <a.p\.vii.tii> fem. .1.
autobiography 2. good and bad events of
life.
Aaid /a.di/ <a.di> adj. first.
Aapvu& /ap.vu~/ <a.p\.vu~> v.tr. . to give.
Aaid /a.di/ <a.di> advb. . etc.
AapoAap /a.po.ap/ <a.po.a.p\> advb. .
automatically.
AaidvasI /a.di.va.si/ <a.di.va.sii> masc.
.1. aboriginal, 2. tribal.
Aadu& /a.du~/ <a.du~> neut. .green ginger.
Aafro /apЛ™.ro/ <a.ph\.ro> masc. . gas
due to indigestion.
Aade= /a.deГџ/ <a.de.Гџ\> masc. . an order.
AafUs /a.pЛ™u:s/ <a.phuu.s\> fem. . a
kind of mango.
Aa0ar /a.dЛ™ar/ <a.dha.r\> masc. .1. a
support 2. an evidence.
AabВЈ /ab.ru/ <a.b\.ruu> fem.
.reputation.
Aa0uink /a.dЛ™u.nik/ <a.dhu.ni.k\> adj. .
modern.
AabehUb /a.be.hub/ <a.be.hu.b\> adj. .
exact.
Aa0e6 /a.dЛ™eГЋ/ <a.dhe.ГЋ\> adj. . elderly.
Aabohva /a.bo.h\.va/ <a.bo.h\.va> fem. .
climate.
Aa)yaiTmk /a.dЛ™jat.mik/ <a.dhja.tmi.k\>
adj. spiritual.
Aa- /abЛ™/ <a.bh\> neut. . sky.
23
Aa-ar /a.bЛ™ar/ <a.bha.r\> masc. .
thanks.
Aa-as /a.bЛ™as/ <a.bha.s\> masc.
.illusion.
Aa-Uq8 /a.bЛ™u.Гџ\ВЇ/ <a.bhu.sВ°\.ВЇ\> neut. .
ornaments.
Aam /am/ <a.m\> advb. .in this manner.
Aamjnta /am.Г”\n.ta/ <a.m\.Г”\.n\.ta>
adj. .1. the common people, 2. laymen.
Aam&{a8 pi{aka /a.m\n.tr\ВЇ p\.tri.ka/
<a.m\.ntr\.ВЇ\ p\.tri.ka> fem. .an
invitation letter.
Aayno /aj.no/ <a.j\.no> masc. . a mirror.
Aaya. /a.ja/ <a.ja> fem. . a maid servent.
Aayat /a.jat/ fem. . import.
Aayojn /a.jo.Г”\n/ <a.ja.t\> neut. .
management.
Aam8e /am.ВЇe/ <a.m\.ВЇe> pron.. these
persons.
AartI /ar.ti/ <a.r\.tii> fem. .1. a sacred
lamp 2. a religious prayer sung with a
sacred lamp.
Aamtem /am.tem/ <a.m\.te.m\> advb.
.here and there.
Aarpar /ar.par/ <a.r\.pa.r\> advb. .
through one end to another.
Aam9I /am.tЛ™i/ <a.m\.thii> advb. .from
this side.
Aar&- /a.r\m.bЛ™\/ <a.r\~.bh\> masc. .
beginning.
Aaram /a.ram/ <a.ra.m\> masc. . rest.
AamdanI /am.da.ni/ <a.m\.da.nii> fem.
.income.
AamNya /amn.ja/ <a.m\.nja> fem. .
respect for the elders.
Aamr8 /a.m\.r\ВЇ/ <a.m\.r\.ВЇ\> advb. .
till the end of life.
AamlI /am.li/ <a.m\.lii> fem. .the
tamrid tree.
AamXvu& /a.m\Г†.vu~/ <a.m\.Г†\.vu~> v.tr. . to
twist together.
Aam&{a8 /a.m\n.tr\ВЇ/ <a.m\.ntr\.ВЇ\>
neut. an invitation.
AaroGy /a.rog.j\/ <a.ro.gj\> neut. .
health.
Aarop /a.rop/ <a.ro.p\> masc. .
accusation.
Aalvu& /al.vu~/ <a.l\.vu~> v.tr. .to give.
Aavk /a.v\k/ <a.v\.k\> fem. income.
Aavkar /av.kar/ <a.v\.ka.r\> masc. .
welcome.
Aav6t /av.ГЋ\t/ <a.v\.ГЋ\.t\> fem. . a
skill.
Aav6vu& /a.v\ГЋ.vu~/ <a.v\.ГЋ\.vu~> v.exp..
to
know.
24
Aav6u& /av.ГЋu~/ <a.v\.ГЋu~> adj. . of this
size.
Aasn /a.s\n/ <a.s\.n\> neut. . a seat
(formal).
Aavrda /a.v\r.da/ <a.v\.r\.da> fem.
.life-span.
Aas pas /as.pas/ <a.s\.pa.s\> advb.
around.
Aavvu& /av.vu~/ <a.v\.vu~> v.intr. to come.
Aasman /as.man/ <a.s\.ma.n\> neut. .
the sky.
Aavu& /a.vu~/ <a.vu~> advb. .of this kind.
AaiStk /as.ti.k\/ <a.sti.k\> adj. . theistic.
Aaveg /a.veg/ <a.ve.g\> masc. . an
excitement.
Aave= /a.veГџ/ <a.ve.Гџ\> masc. . an
emotional excitement.
Aa=y /a.Гџ\j/ <a.Гџ\.j\> masc. . an
intention.
Aa=re /aГџ.re/ <a.Гџ\.re> advb. .1. about 2.
approximately 3. roughly.
Aaso /a.so/ <a.so> masc. . the last month
of Hindu calander.
AaS9a /as.tЛ™a/ <a.stha> fem. .1. faith 2.
devotion.
AaSvad /as.va.d\/ <a.sva.d\> masc. .a
tasting.
Aahaha /a.ha.ha/ <a.ha.ha> inter.. an
exclamation signifying surprise.
Aa=ro /aГџ.ro/ <a.Гџ\.ro> masc. .shelter.
Aa=a /a.Гџa/ <a.Гџa> fem. . hope.
Aahar /a.har/ <a.ha.r\> masc. . food
(formal).
Aa=a7 /a.ГџaГЋЛ™/ <a.Гџa.ГЋh\> masc. . the
nine month of the Hindu calendar.
AahIr /a.hir/ <a.hii.r\> masc. . a
shepherd community.
Aai=q /a.ГџiГџ/ <a.Гџi.sВ°\> fem. . a blessing.
Aahuit /a.hu.ti/ <a.huu.ti> fem. .1. an
offering 2. a sacrifice.
Aai=vaRd /a.Гџir.vad/ <a.Гџi.rva.d\> masc.
a blessing. (honorific)
AaXs /a.Г†\s/ <a.Г†\.s\> fem. .laziness.
AaВѕyR /aГџ.c\r.j\/ <a.Гџc\.rj\> neut. . a
surprise.
AaXo4vu& /a.Æoˇ.vu~/ <a.Æo.ˇ\.vu~> v.intr. . to
wallow.
Aa[am /aГџ.r\m/ <a.Гџr\.m\> masc. .a
hermitage.
Aa&k /a~k/ <a~.k\> masc. . tables of
multiplications.
AaВјasn /aГџ.va.s\n/ <a.Гџva.Гџ\.n\> masc.
. consolation.
Aa&k6a=aS{a /a~k.ГЋa.ГџaГџ.tr\/
<a~.k\.ГЋa.Гџa.str\> neut. . statistics.
25
Aa&k6o /a~k.ГЋo/ <a~.k\.ГЋo> masc. .1. a
number 2. a number-sign.
Aa&kvu& /a~k.vu~/ <a~.k\.vu~> v.tr. . to
estimate a price.
Aa&` /a~kЛ™/ <a~.kh\> fem. . an eye.
Aa&g8u& /a~g.ВЇu~/ <a~.g\.ВЇu~> neut. . open
space in front of a house.
Aa&gXIyat /a~.g\.Г†i.jat/ <a~.g\.Г†i.ja.t\> adj. .
a child of the former husband of a
remarried woman.
Aa&ckvu& /a~.c\k.vu~/ <a~.c\.k\.vu~> v.tr. . to
snatch forcfully.
Aa&ckI /a~c.ki/ <a~.c\.kii> fem. .hiccup.
Aa&cko /a~c.ko/ <a~.c\.ko> masc. . a jerk.
Aa&jvu& /a~Г”.vu~/ <a~.Г”\.vu~> v.tr. . to anoint
eyes with collyrium.
Aa&tr6u& /a~.t\r.ГЋu~/ <a~.t\.r\.ГЋu~> neut. .
intestine.
Aa&trraiQ4^y /a~n.t\r. raГџ.Л‡ri.ja/
<a~.t\.r\.ra.sВ°Л‡ri.j\> adj. . international.
Aa&trvu& /a~.t\r.vu~/ <a~.t\.r\.vu~> v.tr. .to
block.
Aa&trIk /a~t.rik/ <a~.t\.rii.k\> adj. .
internal.
Aa&doln /a~n.do.l\n/ <a~.do.l\.n\> neut. .
agitation.
Aa&08 /a~.dЛ™\ВЇ/ <a~.dh\.ВЇ\> neut. . water
boild for cooking food.
Aa&bo /a~.bo/ <a~.bo> masc. . a mango tree.
Aa&su& u/a~.su~/ <a~.su~> neut. . a tear.
;
;C2vu& /ic.cЛ™\.vu~/ <i.cch\.vu~> v.tr. . to
wish.
;C2a /ic.cЛ™a/ <i.ccha> fem. .1. desire 2.
wish.
;jner /iГ”.ner/ <i.Г”\.ne.r\> masc. . an
engineer.
;jaro /i.Г”a.ro/ <i.Г”a.ro> masc.
.monopoly.
;jjt /iÔ.Ô\t/ <i.ÔÔ\.t\> fem. .1. reputation
2. a woman’s chasity.
;5\5oter /iˇ˙.ˇ˙o.ter/ <i.ˇhˇho.te.r\> adj. .
seventy eight.
;5\yasI /i.Л‡Л™ja.si/ <i.Л‡hja.sii> adj. . eighty
eight.
;tr /i.t\r/ <i.t\.r\> adj. . another.
;ithas /i.ti.has/ <i.ti.ha.s\> masc.
.history.
;nam /i.nam/ <i.na.m\> neut. .1. a gift
2. a present 3. a prize.
;mam /i:.mam/ <i.ma.m\> masc. . the
chief prise of Muslims (honorific).
;mart /i:.ma.r\t/ <i.ma.r\.t\> fem. . a
big building.
26
;yX /i:.j\Г†/ <i.j\.Г†\> fem. . a kind of
worm.
w
;laj /i:.laГ”/ <i.la.Г”\> masc. .a cure.
wkr6o /u.k\r.ГЋo/ <u.k\.r\.ГЋo> masc. .a
dunghill.
;laycI /i:.la.j\.ci/ <i.la.j\.cii> fem.
.cardamom.
;+k /i:Гџ.k\/ <i.Гџk\> masc. . love.
;iSptal /i:s.pi.tal/ <i.spi.ta.l\> fem. . a
hospital.
wkXvu& /u.k\Г†.vu~/ <u.k\.Г†\.vu~> v.intr. . to
boil.
wkXa4 /uk.Æaˇ/ <u.k\.Æa.ˇ\> masc. .
uneasiness and perspiration caused by
heat.
;Slam /is.lam/ <i.sla.m\> masc. . Islam.
wkaXvu& /u.kaÆ.vu~/ <u.ka.Æ\.vu~> v.tr. .to
make something boiled.
;NВ±Iy /in.dri.j\/ <i.ndrii.j\> fem. . a
sense.
wkel /u.kel/ <u.ke.l\> masc. . a solution.
:
wkelvu& /u.kel.vu~/ <u.ke.l\.vu~> v.tr. .to
read (in the sense of deciphering).
:ja /iЕ .Г”a/ <ii.Г”a> fem. .injury.
wkelvu& /u.kel.vu~/ <u.ke.l\.vu~> v.tr. .to
solve.
:6lI /iЕ ГЋ.li/ <ii.ГЋ\.lii> fem. . a South
Indian food dish.
wkelvu& /u.kel.vu~/ <u.ke.l\.vu~> v.tr. . to
untwined.
:d /iЕ d/ <ii.d\> fem. . a festival of
Muslims.
w`a8u& /u.kЛ™a.ВЇu~/ <u.kha.ВЇu~> neut. . a
riddle.
:d6u& /iЕ d.ГЋu~/ <ii.d\.ГЋu~> neut. . a food
item made out of fermented flour.
wgamvu& /u.gam.vu~/ <u.ga.m\.vu~> v.tr. .
to raise something to strike.
:=an /iЕ .Гџan/ <ii.Гџa.n\> fem. .north-east.
w3ra8I /ugЛ™.ra.ВЇi/ <u.g\.ra.ВЇii> fem. .
collection of money due from.
:Вјr /iЕ Гџ.v\r/ <ii.Гџv\.r\> masc. .god.
:sa: /iЕ .sa.iЕ / <ii.sa.ii> masc. a
Christian.
:&4 /iЕ Л‡/ <ii~.Л‡\> fem. .a brick.
:&6u& /i~Е .ВЇdu~/ <ii~.ГЋu~> neut. . an egg.
w3ravvu& /ugЛ™.rav.vu~/ <u.gh\.ra.v\.vu~>
v.tr. .to collect money by contribution.
wca4 /u.caˇ/ <u.ca.ˇ\> masc. .
restlessness.
wcapt /u.ca.p\t/ <u.ca.p\.t\> fem. .
misappropriation.
27
wCcar /uc.car/ <u.cca.r\> masc. .
pronunciation.
w6avvu& /u.ГЋav.vu~/ <u.ГЋa.v\.ГЋa.v\.vu~>
v.tr. . to use up.
wCcarvu& /u.ccar.vu~/ <u.cca.r\.vu~> v.tr. .
to pronounce.
wtarvu& /u.tar.vu~/ <u.ta.r\.vu~> v.tr. . to
unload. See wtrvu&
wC2vas /uc.cЛ™\.vas/ <u.cch\.va.s\>
masc. . exhaling.
wtarvu& /u.tar.vu~/ <u.ta.r\.vu~> v.tr. .to
make a copy.
w2Xvu& /u.cЛ™\Г†.vu~/ <u.ch\.Г†\.vu~> v.intr.
1. to jump, 2. to be tossed.
wtaru& /u.ta.ru~/ <u.ta.ru~> masc. . a
passenger.
w2aXvu& /u.c˙aÆ.vu~/ <u.cha.Æ\.vu~> v.tr. .
to toss up.
wtaro /u.ta.ro/ <u.ta.ro> masc. .1. an
inn. 2. a lodging house.
w2ervu& /u.cЛ™er.vu~/ <u.che.r\.vu~> v.tr. . to
raise.
wtaro /u.ta.ro/ <u.ta.ro> masc. .1. a
copy. 2. a transcript.
wjagro /u.Г”ag.ro/ <u.Г”a.g\.ro> masc. .
abstinence from sleep.
wtavX /u.ta.v\Г†/ <u.ta.v\.Г†\> fem. .
haste.
wja8I /u.Г”a.ВЇi/ <u.Г”a.ВЇii> fem. a picnic.
w]am /ut.t\m/ <u.tt\.m\> adj. . the best.
wjj6 /uÔ.Ô\Î/ <u.ÔÔ\.Î\> adj. barren
(land)
w]ar /ut.t\r/ <u.tt\.r\> masc. . an
answer.
w5m8u& /u.Л‡Л™\m.ВЇu~/ <u.Л‡h\.m\.ВЇu~> neut.
a ritual performed after death.
w]ar /ut.t\r/ <u.tt\.r\> masc. the North.
w]aejk /ut.te.Г”\k/ adj. . stimulating.
w5vu& /uˇ˙.vu~/ <u.ˇh\.vu~> v.intr. . to get
up.
w5a6vu& /u.Л‡Л™aГЋ.vu~/ <u.Л‡ha.ГЋ\.vu~> v.tr. .
to wake up.
w5a&trI /u.Л‡Л™a~n.t\.ri/ <u.Л‡ha~.t\.rii> fem. .
a theft.
w6aw /u.ГЋa.u/ <u.ГЋa.u> adj. .
extravagant.
w6avvu& /u.ГЋav.vu~/ <u.ГЋa.v\.vu~> v.tr. . to
make something fly.
wTpi]a /ut.p\t.ti/ <u.tte.Г”\.k\> fem. .
production.
wTpadk /ut.pa.d\k/ <u.tpa.d\.k\> masc.
1. a producer. 2. a manufacturer.
wTpadn /ut.pa.d\n/ <u.tpa.d\.n\> neut. .
an act of producing.
wTsv /ut.s\v/ <u.ts\.v\> masc. . a
festival.
28
wTsah /ut.sah/ <u.tsa.h\> masc. .1.
enthusiasm. 2. zeal.
wpcar /up.car/ <u.p\.ca.r\> masc. .1. a
remedy. 2. cure.
w9lavvu& /utЛ™.lav.vu~/ <u.th\.la.v\.vu~>
v.tr. 1. to depose. 2. to over turn. See
w9lvu&
w pjvu& /u.p\Г”.vu~/ <u.p\.Г”\.vu~> v.intr.
.to grow
wdar /u.dar/ <u.da.r\> adj. . generous.
wpjavvu& /up.Г”av.vu~/ <u.p\.Г”a.v\.vu~>
v.tr. to reproduce.
wdas /u.das/ <u.da.s\> adj.
.1.unconcerned. 2. dejected.
wpde= /up.deГџ/ <u.p\.de.Гџ\> masc. .
preaching.
wdahr8 /u.da.h\.r\ВЇ/ <u.da.h\.r\.ВЇ\>
neut. 1. an example. 2. an illustration.
wpngr /up.n\.g\r/ <u.p\.n\.g\.r\>
neut. . a suburb.
wd\3a4n /ud.gЛ™a.Л‡\n/ <u.d.gha.Л‡\.n\>
neut. . an inauguration.
wpnam /up.nam/ <u.p\.na.m\> neut. . a
nickname.
wВҐe= /ud.de.Гџ\/ <u.dde.Гџ\> masc. . an
intention.
wpyog /up.jog/ <u.p\.jo.g\> masc. . use.
w)0ar /udЛ™.dЛ™a.r\/ <u.dhdha.r\> masc. .
salvation.
wd\-v /ud.bЛ™\.v\/ <u.d.bh\.v\> masc.
.1. birth. 2. creation.
wd\yog /ud.jo.g\/ <u.djo.g\> masc. .1. a
vocation. 2. an industry.
w0rs /udЛ™.r\s/ <u.dh\.r\.s\> fem. .
cough.
w0ar /u.dЛ™ar/ <u.da.r\> adj. . given or
taken on credit.
wnaXu& /u.na.Г†u~/ <u.na.Г†u~> adj. .
pertaining to summer.
wnaXo /u.na.Г†o/ <u.na.Г†o> masc. .
summer.
wpr /u.p\r/ <u.p\.r\> postp. 1. above.
2. on. 3. over something.
wpra&t /up.ra~t/ <u.p\.ra~.t\> advb. .1.
additionally. 2. besides.
wprI /up.ri/ <u.p\.rii> masc. . a superior
officier.
wpvas /up.vas/ <u.p\.va.s\> masc. . a
fasting.
wps&har /up.sam.har/ <u.p\.s\~.ha.r\>
masc. a summary.
wpa6 /u.paГЋ/ <u.pa.ГЋ\> masc. .
withdrawal of money.
wpa6vu& /u.paГЋ.vu~/ <u.pa.ГЋ\.vu~> v.tr. . to
lift.
wpay /u.paj/ <u.pa.j\> masc. . a cure.
wpkar /up.kar/ <u.p\.ka.r\> masc. . an
obligation.
29
wmda /um.da/ adj. . <u.m\.da> 1. best.
2. excellent.
W`6vu& /u.kЛ™\ГЋ.vu~/ <uu.kh\.ГЋ\.vu~>
v.intr. . to be ripped off.
wmr /u.m\r/ <u.m\.r\> fem. . age.
W`a6vu& /u.kЛ™aГЋ.vu~/ <uu.kЛ™a.ГЋ\.vu~> v.tr.
.1. to tear off, 2. to dismember.
wmXko /u.m\Г†.ko/ <u.m\.Г†\.ko> masc. .
an outburst of warm feeling.
wm&g /u.m\Лњ.g\/ <u.m\~.g\> masc. zeal.
wmervu& /u.mer.vu~/ <u.me.r\.vu~> v.tr. .to
add.
wmero /u.me.ro/ <u.me.ro> masc. . an
addition.
wl4avvu& /ul.Л‡av.vu~/ <u.l\.Л‡a.v\.vu~> v.tr. .
to turn up side down.
wlecvu& /u.lec.vu~/ <u.le.c\.vu~> v.tr. . to
raise up water.
wLle` /ul.lekЛ™/ <u.lle.kh\.vu~> masc. . a
mention.
w+kervu& /uГџ.ker.vu~/ <u.Гџke.r\.vu~> v.tr. .
to instigate.
w&dr /un.d\r/ masc. .<u~.d\.r\> 1. a rat.
2. a mouse.
w&bro /um.b\.ro/ <u~.b\.ro> masc. the
threshold of a door.
W
WkXvu& /u.k\ВЃ.vu~/ <uu.k\.Г†\.vu~> v.intr. .
to boil.
WkaXvu& /u.ka.Г†\.vu~/ <u.ka.Г†\.vu~> v.tr.
.to boil.
Wgrvu& /u.g\r.vu~/ <uu.g\.r\.vu~> v.intr. .
to escape.
Wgvu& /ug.vu~/ <uu.g\.vu~> v.intr. . to
grow.
Wgvu& /ug.vu~/ <uu.g\.vu~> v.intr. . to
rise.
Wckvu& /u.c\k.vu~/ <uu.c\.k\.vu~> v.tr. .1.
to life. 2. to raise.
W2rvu& /u.cЛ™\r.vu~/ <uu.ch\.r\.vu~> v.intr.
. to be brought up.
Wjvvu& /u.Г”\v.vu~/ <uu.Г”\.v\.vu~> v.tra.
.to celebrate.
WjXu& /uГ”.Г†u~/ <uu.Г”\.Г†u~> adj. .1. bright. 2.
shining.
W5vu& /uˇ˙.vu~/ <uu.ˇh\.vu~> v.intr. . to
stand up.
W6vu& /uГЋ.vu~/ <uu.ГЋ\.vu~> v.intr. . to fly.
W8p /u.ВЇ\p/ <uu.ВЇ\.p\> fem. .a
deficiency.
Wtrvu& /u.t\r.vu~/ <uu.t\.r\.vu~> v.intr. .
to climb down.
W9lvu& /u.tЛ™\l.vu~/ <uu.th\.l\.vu~> v.intr. .
to be up-side-down.
W9lo /u.tЛ™.lo/ <uu.th\.lo> masc. .1. an
upset. 2. an overturning.
30
W0; /u.dЛ™\.i/ <uu.dh\.ii> fem. . a white
ant.
Wn /un/ <uu.n\> neut. . wool.
Wpj /u.p\Г”/ <uu.p\.Г”\> fem. .1. a farm
product. 2. an income.
Wp6vu& /u.p\ГЋ.vu~/ <uu.p\.ГЋ\.vu~> v.intr.
.1. to be lifted. 2. to set out a journey.
W-aW- /u.bЛ™a.ubЛ™/ <uu.bha.uu.bh\>
advb.
hurriedly.
W-u& /u.bЛ™u~/ <uu.bhu~> adj. . standing
upright.
Wl4I /ul.ti/ <uu.l\.Л‡ii> fem. . vomiting.
Wl4u& /ul.Л‡u~/ <uu.l\.Л‡u~> adj. .1. opposite.
2. contrary.
WlXvu& /u.l\Г†.vu~/ <uu.l\.Г†\.vu~> v.intr. .
to be bumped.
Whapoh /u.ha.poh/ <uu.ha.po.h\> masc.
. uproar.
W&3 /u~Лњ.g\/ <uu~.gh\> fem. . sleep.
W&ckvu& /u~.c\k.vu~/ <uu.c\.k\.vu~> v.tr.
.to lift up.
W&0Iyu& /u~n.dЛ™i.ju~/ <uu~.dhii.ju~> neut. . a
food made of vegetables, various types
of beans, roots and etc. Popular in South
Gujarat.
W&0u& /u~n.dЛ™u~/ <uu.dhu~> adj. . bottom
upward.
Вў
¢ju /ru.Ôu/ adj. . <ru≤.Ôu> 1.soft. 2.
gentle.
¢8 /ru¯/ <ru≤.¯\> neut. . a debt.
¢tu /ru.tu/ <ru≤.tu> fem. . a season.
¢iq /ru.ßi/ <ru≤.s°i> masc. . a sage.
Ae
Ae /e/ <e> adj. .that.
Aek /ek/ <e.k\> adj. .one.1.
Aek4a8u& /ek.Л‡a.ВЇu~/ <e.k\.Л‡a.ВЇu~> neut. . a
kind of fasting in which a person eats
only once a day.
Aek6o /ek.ГЋo/ <e.k\.ГЋo> masc. . the sign
of number 1.
Aekta /ek.ta/ <e.k\.ta> fem. . unity.
W&ca; /u~.cai/ <uu~.ca.ii> fem. . height.
W&cu& /u~.cu~/ <uu~.cu~> adj. . high.
W&4 /u~Л‡/ <uu~.Л‡\> neut. . a camel..
W&6a; /un.ГЋa.i/ <uu~.ГЋa.ii> fem. . depth.
W&6u& /u~ВЇ.ГЋu~/ <uu~.ГЋu~> adj. . deep.
AektaXIs /ek.ta.Г†is/ <e.k\.ta.Г†i.s\> adj. .
forty one.
Aek{aIs /e.k\.tris/ <e.k\.trii.s\> adj. .
thirty one.
Aekdm /ek.d\m/ <e.k\.d\.m\> advb. . at
once.
31
Aek0aru& /ek.dЛ™a.ru~/ <e.k.dha.ru~> adj. .1.
constant. 2. incessant.
AekpxI /ek.p\.kГџi/ <e.k\.p\.kГџii> adj. .
one sided.
AekpiTn]v /ek.p\t.nit.v\/
<e.k\.p\.tni.ttv\> neut. monogamy.
Aekm /e.k\m/ <e.k\.m\> fem. . fist day
of bright or dark half of Hindu month.
Aekma{a /ek.mat.r\/ <e.k\.ma.tr\> adj. .
the only one of a type.
Aeks5 /ek.s\Л‡Л™/ <e.k\.vi.s\> adj. . sixty
one.
Aeksr`u& /ek.s\r.kЛ™u~/ <e.k\.s\.r\.khu~>
adj. . uniform.
Aek&dr /ekn.d\r/ <e.k\~.d\.r\> advb. .
totally.
AekaAek /e.ka.ek/ <e.ka.e.k\> advb. .
suddenly.
Aeka8u& /e.ka.ВЇu~/ <e.ka.ВЇu~> adj. . ninety
one.
Aekmek /ek.mek/ <e.k\.me.k\> advb. .
mutually.
Aekad=I /e.ka.d\.Гџi/ <e.ka.d\.Гџii> fem. .
the eleventh day of dark or bright half of
a Hindu month.
Aekrag /ek.rag/ masc. . <e.k\.ra.g\> 1.
unity. 2. harmony.
Aeka=I /e.ka.Гџi/ <e.ka.Гџii> adj. . eighty
one.
AekВЈp /ek.rup/ <e.k\.ruu.p\> adj. . of
similar form.
Aeka&kI /e.ka~.ki/ <e.ka~.kii> adj. . one act
play.
Aekl dokl /e.k\l do.k\l/
<e.k\.l\.do.k\.l\> adj. . lonely.
Aeka&t /e.ka~n.t\/ <e.ka~.t\> neut. . lonely.
Aeklpe4u& /e.k\l.pe.Л‡u~/ <e.k\.l\./pe.Л‡u~>
adj. . selfish.
Aeklvayu& /e.k\l.va.ju~/ <e.k\.l\.va.ju~> adj.
. lonely.
Aekvgu& /ek.v\.gu~/ <e.k\.v\.gu~> adj. . all
together.
Aekvcn /ek.v\.c\n/ <e.k\.v.c\.n\> neut.
. singular.
AekvIs /ek.vis/ <e.k\.vi.s\> adj. . twenty
one.
AekI sa9e /e.ki sa.tЛ™e/ <e.kii.sa.the> advb.
. all at atime.
Aekek /ek.kek/ <e.ke.k\> advb. . one by
one.
Aekotr /e.ko.t\r/ <e.ko.t\.r\> adj. .
seventy one.
Aekya=I /e.kja.Гџi/ <e.kja.Гџi> adj. . eighty
one.
Ae4le /eˇ.le/ <e.ˇ\.le> advb. . therefore.
Ae5u& /Вґ.Л‡Л™u~/ <e.thu~> neut. . the left over
food.
32
Ae6I /e.ГЋi/ <e.ГЋii> fem. . heel.
seventy nine.
AelcI /el.ci/ <e.l\.cii> fem. . cardamom.
Aog8Is /og.ВЇis/ <o.g\.ВЇi.s\> adj.
.nineteen.
AelcI /el.ci/ <e.l\.cii> masc. . an
ambassador. (honorific)
Aev6u& /ev.ГЋu~/ <e.v\.ГЋu~> advb. . of that
size.
Aevu& /e.vu~/ <e.vu~> advb. . of that
manner.
Aevama& /e.va.ma~/ <e.va.ma~> advb. . in
the mean time.
Ae= /ВґГџ/ <e.Гџ\> masc. .enjoyment.
.
AE
AEravt /\i.ra.v\t/ <\i.ra.v\.t\> masc. .
Indra’s elephant (with seven trunks).
AEВјyR /\i.Гџv\.rj\/ <\i.Гџv\.rj\> neut.
godliness.
Ao
Aog8calIs /o.g\ВЇ.ca.lis/
<o.g\.ВЇ\.ca.lii.s\> adj. . thirty nine.
Aog8{aIs /o.g\ВЇ.tris/ <o.g\.ВЇ\.tri.s\>
adj.
.twenty nine.
Aog8pcas /o.g\ВЇ.p\.cas/
<o.g\.¯\.p›.ca.s\> adj. .forty nine.
Aog8sa;5 /o.g\¯. sa.iˇ˙/
<o.g\.ВЇ\.sa.i.Л‡h\> adj. .fifty nine.
Aog*yaAe&=I./og.ВЇja. Вґ~Гџi/ <o.g\.ВЇja.e.Гџii>
adj.
AoXgvu& /Гё.g\Г†.vu~/ <o.g\.Г†\.vu~> v.intr ..to
melt.
AoicNtu& /Гё.cin.tu~/ <o.ci.ntu~> advb. .
suddenly.
AoC2v /oc.cЛ™\v/ <o.cch\.v\> masc. . a
festival.
Ao2abolu& /o.cЛ™a.bo.lu~/ <o.cha.bo.lu~> adj.
. reserved.
Ao2u& /o.cЛ™u~/ <o.chu~> adj. . less than
necessary.
Aojar /o.Г”ar/ <o.Г”a.r\> neut. . an
instrument.
Ao4 /oˇ/ <o.ˇ\> masc. . an ebb.
Ao4lo /oˇ.lo/ <o.ˇ\.lo> masc. . a raised
platform adjoining the outer wall of a
building.
Ao4vu& /oˇ.vu~/ <o.ˇ\.vu~> v.tran.. to hem.
Ao7vu& /oГЋЛ™.vu~/ <o.ГЋh\.vu~> v.tr. .1. to
wrap over the body. 2. to wear a sari.
Aor6o /or.ГЋo/ <o.r\.ГЋo> masc. . a room.
Aorvu& /or.vu~/ <o.r\.vu~> v.tr. . to sow
seeds.
AorI /o.ri/ <o.rii> fem. .1. small-pox 2.
measles.
Aolvvu& /o.l\v.vu~/ <o.l\.v\.vu~> v.tr. . to
extinguish.
33
AosrI /os.ri/ <o.s\.rii> fem. . the front
open part of a house.
kcrape4I /k\c.ra pe.Л‡i/ <k\.c\.ra.pe.Л‡ii>
fem. a dust bin.
Ao=Iku& /o.Гџi.ku~/ <o.Гџii.ku~> neut. . a
pillow.
kcro /k\c.ro/ <k\.c\.ro> masc. .
garbage.
AoX` /o.Г†\kЛ™/ <o.Г†\.kh\> fem. . idenitity.
kcva4 /k\c.vaˇ/ <k\.c\.va.ˇ\> masc. .1.
grumbling. 2. dissatisfaction.
AoXvu& /oÆ.vu~/ <o.Æ\.vu~> v.tr. . to comb
(hair).
AoX&gvu& /o.Г†\Лњ.g\.vu~/ <o.Г†\~.g\.vu~> v.tr. .
to cross over.
AO
AOicTy /\u.ci.tj\/ <au.ci.tj\> adj. .
appropriateness.
AOdICy /\u.diЕ .cj\/ <\u.dii.cj\> masc. . a
sub-caste of Brahmin
AOpcarRIk /\up.ca.rik/ <\u.p\.ca.rii.k\>
adj. . formal.
AOq0 /\u.Гџ\dЛ™/ <\u.sВ°\.dh\> neut. a
medicine.
Aod\yoigk /\u.djo.gik/ <\u.djo.gi.k\>
adj. . industial.
K
kca= /k\.caГџ/ <k\.ca.Гџ\> fem.
1.unripenness. 2. imperfection. 3.
deficiency.
kcu&br /k\.cum.b\r/ <k\.cu~,b\.r\> neut.
raw vegetables cut into pieces.
kcorI /k\.co.ri/ <k\.co.rii> fem. . a type
of food.
kijya`or /k\.Г”i.ja.kЛ™or/ <k\.Г”i.ja.kho.r\>
adj. quarrelsome.
kjo6u& /k\.Г”o.ГЋu~/ <k\.Г”o.ГЋu~> neut. . an
unfit match.
k4ko /k\Л‡.ko/ <k\.Л‡\.ko> masc. . a piece.
k4ok4I /k\.Л‡o.k\.Л‡i/ <k\.Л‡o.k\.Л‡ii> fem. . a
crisis.
k4oro /k\.Л‡o.ro/ <k\.Л‡o.ro> masc. . a
bowl.
k58 /k\.Л‡Л™\ВЇ/ <k\.Л‡h\.ВЇ\> adj. . hard.
kk\ko /k\k.ko/ <k\.kko> masc. .
alphabet.
k5In /k\.Л‡Л™in/ <k\.Л‡hii.n\> adj. .
difficult.
kckc /k\c. k\c/ <k\.c\.k\.c\> fem. .1. a
boring talk. 2. a quarrel.
ki5yaro /k\.Л‡Л™i.ja.ro/ <k\.Л‡hi.ja.ro> masc.
.a woodcutter.
kc6vu& /k\.c\ГЋ.vu~/ <k\.c\.ГЋ\.vu~> v.tr. to
trample.
k5e6o /k\.Л‡Л™e.ГЋo/ <k\.Л‡he.ГЋo> masc. . a
railing.
34
k5or /k\.Л‡Л™or/ <k\.Л‡ho.r\> adj. . harsh.
kdВЈpu& /k\d.ru.pu~/ <k\.d\.ruu.pu~> adj. .
ugly.
k5oX /k\.ˇ˙oÆ/ <k\.ˇho.Æ\> neut. . pulses.
k6ko /k\ГЋ.ko/ <k\.ГЋ\.ko> masc. .1.a
piece
2. penniless.
k6vu& /k\ГЋ.vu~/ <k\.ГЋ\.vu~> adj. . bitter in
taste.
kdavr /k\.da.v\r/ <k\.da.v\.r\> adj.
.huge.
kn6gt /k\.n\ГЋ.g\t/ <k\.n\.ГЋ\.g\.t\>
fem. . harassment.
kNya /k\n.ja/ <k\.nja> fem. .1. an
unmarried girl. 2. Virgo.
k6akU4 /k\.Îa.kuˇ/ <k\.Îa.kuu.ˇ\> fem. .
unnecessary botheration.
kp4 /k\.p\Л‡/ <k\.p\.Л‡\> neut. . deceit.
k6Iyo /k\.ГЋi.jo/ <k\.ГЋii.jo> masc. .1. a
mason 2. a brick-layer
kp6a&l]aa& /k\p.ГЋa~.l\t.ta~/ <k\.p\.ГЋa~.l\.tta~>
neut. pl.. clothes.
k6I /k\.ГЋi/ <k\.ГЋii> fem. .1. a hook 2. an
earring.
kp6u& /k\p.ГЋu~/ <k\.p\.ГЋu~> neut. . cloth.
kpru& /k\p.ru~/ <k\.p\.ru~> adj. . tough.
k6u& /k\.ГЋu~/ <k\.ГЋu~> neut. . an armlet.
k7&gu& /k\.ГЋЛ™\Лњ.gu/ <k\.ГЋh\~.gu~> adj. .1.
clumsy 2. awkward in shape.
k7I /k\.ГЋЛ™i/ <k\.ГЋhii> fem. .a food item.
k8 /k\ВЇ/ <k\.ВЇ\> masc. a grain.
k8svu& /k\.ВЇ\s.vu~/ <k\.ВЇ\.s\.vu~> v.intr.
. to groan.
k9Xvu& /k\.tЛ™\Г†.vu~/ <k\.th\.Г†\.vu~> v.intr.
.to deteriorate.
kpaX /k\.paВЃ/ <k\.pa.Г†\> neut. . the
forehead.
kpas /k\.pas/ <k\.pa.s\> masc. . a
cotton plant.
kpoX /k\.poÆ/ <k\.po.Æ\> adj. . a sub
caste in Bania community.
kf /k\pЛ™/ <k\.ph\> masc. .cough.
[email protected] /k\.b\.Г”i.jat/ <k\.b\.Г”ii.ja.t\>
masc.
constipation.
k9a /k\.tЛ™a/ <k\.tha> fem. . a stroy.
k9akar /k\.tЛ™a.kar/ <k\.tha.ka.r\> masc.
. a story teller.
kbjo /k\b.Г”o/ <k\.b\.Г”o> masc. . a
blouse.
kbr /k\.b\r/ <k\.b\.r\> fem. . a grave.
kd /k\d/ <k\.d\> neut. . size.
kba4 /k\.baˇ/ neut. . a cup-board.
35
kbUtr /k\.bu.t\r/ <k\.buu.t\.r\> neut. .
a pigeon.
kmnsIb /k\m.n\.sib/ <k\.m\.n\.sii.b\>
adj. . unfortunate.
kra /k\.ra/ <k\.ra> masc. pl..1. hailstones.
krar /k\.rar/ <k\.ra.r\> masc. . a written
agreement.
kmr /k\.m\r/ <k\.m\.r\> fem. . a waist.
kmX /k\.m\Г†/ <k\.m\.Г†\> neut. . a lotus.
kmXo /k\m.Г†o/ <k\.m\.Г†o> masc. .
jaundice.
kma; /k\.ma.i/ <k\.ma.ii> fem. .
earnings.
kmavu& /l\.ma.vu~/ <k\.ma.vu~> v.intr. . to
earn.
kirya8u& /k\.ri.ja.ВЇu~/ <k\.ri.ja.ВЇu~> neut. .
grocery.
kiryavr /k\.ri.ja.v\r/ <k\.ri.ja.v\.r\>
neut. . a bride’s father’s gift to
bridegroom and his relatives.
kru8 /k\.ruВЇ/ <k\.ru.ВЇ\> adj. .1.
pathetic 2. tragic.
kru8a /k\.ru.ВЇa/ <k\.ru.ВЇa> fem. .
kindness.
kmurt /k\.mu.r\t/ <k\.mu.r\.t\> neut.
inauspicious time or hour.
kВЈp /k\.rup/ <k\.ruu.p\> adj. . ugly.
kmot /k\.mot/ <k\.mo.t\> neut. .
unnatural death.
kro6 /k\.roГЋ/ <k\.ro.ГЋ\> adj. . ten
millions.
kmosm /k\.mo.s\m/ <k\.mo.s\.m\>
fem. .1. bad weather. 2. untimely.
kro6 /k\.roГЋ/ <k\.ro.ГЋ\> fem. . a spine.
krksr /k\r.k\.s\r/ <k\.r\.k\.s\.r\> fem.
. economy.
krgrvu& /k\r.g\r.vu~/ <k\.r\.g\.r\.vu~>
v.intr. . to request humbly.
krclo /k\.r\c.lo/ <k\.r\.c\.lo> masc. . a
crab.
kro6rjju /k\.roÎ.r\Ô.Ôu/ <k\.ro.Î\.r\.ÔÔu>
fem. . the spinal cord.
kroiXyo /k\.ro.Г†i.jo/ <k\.ro.Г†i.jo> masc. .
a spider.
kl&k /k\.l\nk/ <k\.l\~.k\> neut. .1. a blot
2. a blemish.
kla /k\.la/ <k\.la> fem. . art.
krj /k\.r\Г”/ <k\.r\.Г”\> neut. . a debt.
klak /k\.lak/ <k\.la.k\> masc. . an hour.
krmavu& /k\r.ma.vu~/ <k\.r\.ma.vu~>
v.intr..to wither.
krvu& /k\r.vu~/ <k\.r\.vu~> v.tr. . to do.
klakar /k\.la.kar/ <k\.la.ka.r\> masc. .
an artist.
36
kLpna /k\l.p\.na/ <k\.lp\.na> fem. .
imagination.
k;& /k\.i~/ <k\.ii~> advb. .1. where? 2.
some.
kLpvu& /k\l.p\.vu~/ <k\.lp\.vu~> v.tr. . to
imagine.
k;&k /k\.i~k/ <k\.ii~.k\> advb. .
something.
kLya8 /k\l.ja.ВЇ\/ <k\.lja.ВЇ\> neut. .
well-being.
k&kav4I /k\n.ka.vaˇi/ <k\~.ka.v\.ˇii> fem. .
a small bowl to keep k&ku>
kviy{aI /k\.v\.ji.tri/ <k\.v\ji.tri> fem. .a
female poet.
kiv /k\.vi/ masc. . <k\.vi> a male poet.
k&ku /k\n.ku/ <k\~.ku> neut. . a red
powder/ paste used in rituals and certain
social customs such as putting bindi on
the forehead.
k=u& /k\.Гџu~/ <k\.Гџu~> adj. . whatever
thing.
k&kotrI /k\.nko.t\.ri/ <k\~.ko.t\.rii> fem. .
an invitation letter.
k=u&k /k\.Гџu~k/ <k\.Гџu~.k\> adj. .
something.
k&jUs /k\n.Г”us/ <k\~.Г”u.s\> adj. . miserly.
ksrt /k\s.r\t/ <k\.s\.r\.t\> fem. . an
exercise.
ksa; /k\.sai/ <k\.sa.ii> masc. . a
butcher.
k&4aXvu& /k\n.ˇaÆ.vu~/ <k\~.ˇa.Æ\.vu~> v.intr. .
to be bored.
k&4aXo /k\n.Л‡a.Г†o/ <k\~.Л‡a.Г†o> masc. .
medium.
kso4I /k\.so.Л‡i/ <k\.so.Л‡ii> fem. . a test.
k&5 /k\ВЇtЛ™/ <k\~.Л‡h\> masc. .1. the throat
2. a vocal tune.
khe8 /k\.heВЇ/ <k\.he.ВЇ\> neut. . a
message.
k&5I /k\ВЇ.Л‡Л™i/ <k\~.Л‡hii> fem. . a kind of
necklace.
khevt /k\.he.v\t/ <k\.he.v\.t\> fem. . a
proverb.
k&do; /k\n.doi/ masc. . a confectioner.
khevu& /k\.he.vu~/ <k\.he.vu~> v.tr. . to say.
k&doro /k\n.do.ro/ <k\~.do.ro> masc. . a
waist-band.
k¬agru& /k\h.ja.g\.ru~/ <k\.hja.g\.ru~>
adj. . obedient.
k&parI /k\m.pa.ri/ <k\~.pa.rii> fem. . a
shivering.
kXtr /k\Г†.t\r/ <k\.Г†\.t\.r\> neut. . a
kind of body pain.
k&pvu& /k\mp.vu~/ <k\~.p\.vu~> v.intr. .1. to
shiver 2. to tremble.
kXI /k\.Г†i/ <k\.Г†ii> fem. . a bud.
k&sar /k\m.sar/ <k\~.sa.r\> masc. .a
sweet.
37
kak6I /kak.ГЋi/ <ka.k\.ГЋii> fem. .
cucumber.
ka7vu& /kaГЋЛ™.vu~/ <ka.ГЋh\.vu~> v.tr. . to
take out.
kaka /ka.ka/ <ka.ka> masc. hon..
paternal uncle.
ka8u& /ka.ВЇu~/ <ka.ВЇu~> adj. .1. a hole, 2.
one-eyed.
[email protected] /ka.ka.Г”i/ <ka.ka.Г”ii> masc. . a
brother of the father-in-law.
katr /ka.t\r/ <ka.t\.r\> fem. . scissors.
kakI /ka.ki/ <ka.kii> fem. . a paternal
uncle’s wife.
[email protected] /ka.ki.Г”i/ <ka.ka.Г”ii> fem. . the
wife of the brother of the father-in-law.
katrvu& /ka.t\r.vu~/ <ka.t\.r\.vu~> v.tr. . to
cut with scissors.
katrI /kat.ri/ <ka.t\.rii> fem. .a waferthin slice.
kadv /ka.d\v/ <ka.d\.v\> masc. . mud.
kag6o /kag.ГЋo/ <ka.g\.ГЋo> masc. . a
crow.
kagX /ka.g\Г†/ <ka.g\.Г†\> masc. .1. paper
2. a letter.
kagaroX /ka.ga.roÆ/ <ka.ga.ro.Æ\> fem. .
rowdism.
kac /kac/ <ka.c\> masc. .1. glass 2.
mirror.
kan /kan/ <ka.n\> masc. . an ear.
kap /kap/ <ka.n\> masc. . reduction.
kap6 /ka.p\ГЋ/ <ka.p\.ГЋ\> neut. . cloth.
kaplI /kap.li/ <ka.p\.lii> fem. . a
clipping of a paper.
kapvu& /kap.vu~/ <ka.p\.vu~> v.tr. . to cut.
kacbo /kac.bo/ <ka.c\.bo> masc. . a
tortoise.
kapo /ka.po/ <ka.po> masc. .1.a cut. 2 a
mark made by cutting.
kaic&6o /ka.ciВЇ.ГЋo/ <ka.c\~.ГЋo> masc. . a
chameleon.
kabr /ka.b\r/ <ka.b\.r\> neut. . a kind
of bird.
kacu& /ka.cu~/ <ka.cu~> adj. .1.unripe 2.
raw.
kabU /ka.bu/ <ka.buu> masc. . control.
kajX /ka.Г”\Г†/ <ka.Г”\.Г†\> neut. .eye-salve.
kam /kam/ <ka.m\> neut. . work
kaju /ka.Г”u/ <ka.Г”u> neut. . a cashew-nut.
kam /kam/ <ka.m\> masc. . sexual
desire.
ka4 /kaˇ/ <ka.ˇ\> masc. . rust.
kamclaw& /kam.c\.lau~/ adj. .tentative.
38
kamcor /kam.cor/ <ka.m\.co.r\> adj. .
not inclined to work.
kamdar /kam.dar/ <ka.m\.da.r\> masc. .
a manual worker.
kamdev /kam.dev/ <ka.m\.de.v\> masc. .
ther god of love.
kam0&0o /ka.dЛ™n.dЛ™o/ <ka.m\.dh\~.dho>
masc. .1. business 2. profession.
kaXju& /kaÆ.Ôu~/ <ka.Æ\.Ôuu> neut. .1.the
lever.
kaXu& /la.Г†u~/ <ka.Г†u~> adj. . black.
kaXotrI /ka.Г†o.t\.ri/ <ka.Г†o.t\.rii> fem. . a
letter containg someone’s death’s
message.
ka&krI /ka~k.ri/ <ka~.k\.rii> fem. . a smll
pebble.
kaydo /kaj.do/ <ka.j\.do> masc. . a law.
kaym /ka.j\m/ <ka.j\.m\> adj. . forever.
karkun /kar.kun/ <ka.r\.ku.n\> masc. . a
clerk.
kar`anu& /kar.kЛ™a.nu~/ <ka.r\.kha.nu~>
neut. . a factory.
kar8 /ka.r\ВЇ/ <ka.r\.ВЇ\> neut. .1. a
reason 2. a cause.
kartk /kar.t\k/ <ka.r\.t\.k\> masc. . the
first month of Hindu year.
kartUs /kar.tus/ <ka.r\.tu.s\> neut. . a
cartridge.
kar-ar /kar.bЛ™ar/ <ka.r\.bha.r\> masc. .
management.
kal /kal/ <ka.l\> fem. .1.tomrrow 2.
yesterday.
kavtru& /ka.v\t.ru~/ <ka.v\.t\.ru~> neut. .
fraud.
ka&kro /ka~k.ro/ <ka~.k\.ro> masc. . a
pebble.
ka&4aXu& /ka~.Л‡a.Г†u~/ <ka~.Л‡a.Г†u~> adj. . throny.
ka&4o /ka~.Л‡o/ <ka~.Л‡o> masc. . a thorn.
ka&4o /ka~.Л‡o/ <ka~.Л‡o> masc. . a weighing
machine.
ka&5o /ka~.Л‡Л™o/ <ka~.Л‡ho> masc. .1. a bank 2.
a shore 3 a coast.
ka&6u& /ka~ВЇ.ГЋu~/ <ka~.ГЋu~> neut. . a wrist.
ka&do /kaВЇ.do/ <ka~.do> masc. . onion.
ka&0 /ka~n.dЛ™\/ <ka~.dh\> fem. . one of the
shoulders.
ka&skI /ka~s.ki/ <ka~.s\.kii> fem. . a small
comb mainly for women.
ka&sko /ka~s.ko/ <ka~.s\.ko> masc. . a
comb.
ikLlo /kil.lo/ <ki.llo> masc. . a fortress.
kaVy /kav.j\/ <ka.vj\> neut. . a poem.
[email protected] /kaГ†.Г”i/ <ka.Г†\.Г”ii> fem. . care.
ik=or /ki.Гџor/ <ki.Гџo.r\> masc. . a minor
boy.
39
ik=orI /ki.Гџo.ri/ <ki.Гџo.rii> fem. . a minor
girl.
kI4lI /kiˇ.li/ <kii.ˇ\.lii> fem. . a kettle.
kI6I. /ki.ГЋi/ <kii.ГЋii> fem. . an ant.
ku&-ar /kum.bЛ™ar/ <ku~.bha.r\> masc. . a
potter.
ku&varu& /ku~.va.ru~/ <ku~.vaa.ru~> adj. .
unmarried.
kUk6o /kuk.ГЋo/ <kuu.k\.ГЋo> masc. . a
cock.
kI6o /ki.ГЋo/ <kii.ГЋo> masc. . an insect.
kUk6I /kuk.ГЋi/ <kuu.k\.ГЋii> fem. . a hen.
kImt /ki.m\t/ <kii.m\.t\> fem. . price.
kIitR /kir.ti/ <kii.rti> fem. . fame.
ku4u&b /ku.Л‡um.b\/ <ku.Л‡u~.b\> neut. . a
family.
ku4ev /ku.Л‡ev/ <ku.Л‡e.v\> fem. . a bad
habit.
kutUhl /ku.tu.h\l/ <ku.tu.h\.l\> neut.
curiosity.
kudrt /kud.r\t/ <ku.d\.r\.t\> fem. .
nature.
kUXdev /kuÆ.dev/ <ku.Æ\.de.v\> masc. . a
family deity.
kUtrI /kut.ri/ <kuu.t\.rii> fem. . a female
dog.
kUtru& /kut.ru~/ <kuu.t\.ru~> neut. . a dog.
kUtro /kut.ro/ <kuu.t\.ro> masc. . a male
dog.
kU9lI /kutЛ™.li/ <ku.th\.lii> fem. . scandal.
kUdvu& /kud.vu~/ <ku.d\.vu~> v.intr. . to
jump.
kudavvu& /ku.dav.vu~/ <ku.da.v\.vu~> v.tr.
see kuda6vu.
kUvo /ku.vo/ <ku.vo> masc. . a waterwell.
kuStI /kus.ti/ <ku.stii> fem. . wrestling.
kuseva /ku.se.va/ <ku.se.vaa> fem. . a
disservice.
kuha6I /ku.ha.ГЋi/ <ku.ha.ГЋii> fem. . a
small axe.
kuha6o /ku.ha.ГЋo/ <ku.ha.ГЋio> masc. . an
axe.
ku&6X /kuВЇ.ГЋ\Г†/ <ku~.ГЋ\.Г†\> masc. a kind
of ear ring.
kU&cI /ku~.ci/ <ku~.cii> fem. .1. a key 2. a
clue.
kU&pX /ku.mp\Г†/ <kuu~.p\.Г†\> fem. . a
sprout.
ke4lu& /keˇ.lu~/ <ke.ˇ\.lu~> adj. . how much.
ke6 /kВґГЋ/ <ke.ГЋ\> fem. .a waist.
ked /kВґd/ <ke.d\> fem. . a prison.
kem /kВґm/ <ke.m\> advb. .why.
40
kedI /kВґ.di/ <ke.dii> masc. .a prisoner.
kerI /kВґ.ri/ <ke.rii> fem. .a mango.
kotrvu& /ko.t\r.vu~/ <ko.t\.r\.vu~> v.tr. .1.
to engrave 2. to carve.
ko9mIr /kotЛ™.mir/ <ko.th\.mii.r\> neut.
coriander.
kev6u& /kev.ГЋu~/ <ke.v\.ГЋu~> adj. .how big
kevu& /ke.vu~/ <ke.vu~> adj. .of what kind.
kesr /ke.s\r/ <ke.s\.r\> neut. .saffron.
kesrI /kes.ri/ <ke.s\.rii> adj. .saffron
colored.
keX /keÆ/ <ke.Æ\> fem. .a banana-tree.
keXv8I /ke.Г†\v.ВЇi/ <ke.Г†\.v\.ВЇii> fem. .1.
bringing up. 2. training.
ko9XI /kotЛ™.Г†i/ <ko.th\.Г†ii> fem. .a purse
of cloth.
ko9Xo /koˇ˙.Æo/ <ko.th\.Æo> masc. .a
large beg of cloth.
kodaXI /ko.da.Г†i/ <ko.da.Г†ii> fem. .1. a
hoe 2. a spade.
konu& /kГё.nu~/ <ko.nu~> pron.. whose.
kopru& /kop.ru~/ <ko.p\.ru~> neut. .a kernel
of a coconut.
keXvvu& /ke.Г†\v.vu~/ <ke.Г†\.v\.vu~> v.tr. .to
bring up.
kom /kom/ <ko.m\> fem. .a caste-group.
keXu& /ke.Г†u~/ <ke.Г†u~> neut. .a banana.
komvad /kom.vad/ <ko.m\.va.d\> masc.
.1. communalism 2. castism.
ko; /ko.i/ <ko.i> prono..someone.
kogXIyu& /kГё.g\.Г†i.ju~/ <ko.g\.Г†ii.ju~> neut.
cholera.
kogXo /kГёg.Г†o/ <ko.g\.Г†o> masc. .1. a
mouthful of liquid 2. a gargle.
ko5I /ko.Л‡Л™i/ <ko.Л‡hii> fem. .a large vessel
to stor grain.
ko6Iyu& /ko.ГЋi.ju~/ <ko.ГЋii.ju~> neut. .a kind
of earthern lamp.
korvu& /kor.vu~/ <ko.r\.vu~> v.tr. .to bore a
hole.
kolso /kol.so/ <ko.l\.so> masc. .coal.
kolahl /ko.la.h\l/ <ko.la.h\.l\> masc. .a
continuous loud noise.
koi== /ko.ГџiГџ/ <ko.Гџi.Гџ\> fem. .an effort.
kohvu& /koh.vu~/ <ko.h\.vu~> v.intr. .to rot.
koXI /ko.Г†i/ <ko.Г†ii> fem. .a caste.
ko7 /koГЋЛ™/ <ko.ГЋh\> masc. .leprosy.
koXu& /ko.Г†u~/ <ko.Г†u~> neut. .a pumpkin.
ko8I /kГё.ВЇi/ <ko.ВЇii> fem. .an elbow.
kO4uiMbk /k\u.Л‡um.bik/ <k\u.tu~.mbi.k\>
adj. pertaining to a family.
41
kO-a&6 /k\u.bЛ™a~nГЋ/ <k\u.bha~.ГЋ\> neut.
.a scandal.
kO&s /k\ums/ <k\u~.s\> masc. .a bracket.
Ex. [], {}, ( ).
kyare /kja.re/ <kja.re> advb. .when.
kya& /kja~/ <k\.ja~> advb. .where.
`jU.rI /kЛ™\.Г”u.ri/ <kh\.Г”u.rii> fem. .a date
tree.
`jUro /kЛ™\.Г”u.ro/ <kh\.Г”uu.ro> masc. .a
centipede.
`4kvu& /kЛ™\.Л‡\k.vu~/ <kh\.Л‡\.k\.vu~>
v.exp.. to repent.
`4p4 /kЛ™\Л‡.p\Л‡/ <kh\.Л‡\.p\.Л‡\> fem. .an
intrigue.
k/ur /kru.r\/ <kru.r\> adj. .cruel.
k/o0 /kro.dЛ™\/ <kro.dh\> masc. .anger.
`
`4ml /kЛ™\Л‡.m\l/ <kh\.Л‡\.m\.l\> masc.
.a bug.
`4mI5u& /kЛ™\Л‡.mi.Л‡Л™u~/ <kh\.Л‡\.mii.Л‡hu~>
adj. sour and sweet.
``6vu& /kЛ™\.kЛ™\ГЋ.vu~/ <kh\.kh\.ГЋ\.vu~>
v.intr. .to rattle.
`4rag /kЛ™\Л‡.rag/ <kh\.Л‡\.ra.g\> masc. .a
quarrel.
``6avvu& /kЛ™\kЛ™.ГЋav.vu~/
<kЛ™\.kЛ™\.ГЋa.v\.vu~> v.tr. .to knock (on
a door etc.).
`4lo /kЛ™\Л‡.lo/ <kh\.Л‡\.lo> masc. .a lawsuit.
`ckavu& /kЛ™\c.ka.vu~/ <kh\.c\.ka.vu~>
v.intr. .to hesitate.
`ca`c /kЛ™\.ca.kЛ™\c/ <kh\.ca.kh\.c\>
advb. densely.
`Ccr /kЛ™\c.c\r/ <kh\.cc\.r\> neut. .a
mule.
`jancI /kЛ™\.Г”an.ci/ <kh\.Г”a.n\.cii>
masc. .a cashier.
`jano /kЛ™\.Г”a.no/ <kh\.Г”a.no> masc. .a
treasure.
`jUr /kЛ™\.Г”ur/ <kh\.Г”u.r\> neut. .a date
fruit.
`4vvu& /kЛ™\.Л‡\v.vu~/ <kh\.Л‡\.v\.vu~> v.tr.
.to make things sour.
`4aro /kЛ™\.Л‡a.ro/ <kh\.Л‡a.ro> masc. .a
motor truck.
`4u&b6u& /kЛ™\.Л‡umb.ГЋu~/ <kh\.Л‡u~.b\.ГЋu~>
adj. slightly sour.
`6k /kЛ™\.ГЋ\k/ <kh\.ГЋ\.k\> masc. .a
rock.
`6klo /kЛ™\.ГЋ\k.lo/ <kh\.ГЋ\.k\.lo>
masc. .a pile.
`6kI /kЛ™\ГЋ.ki/ <kh\.ГЋ\.kii> fem. .a lane.
`6tl /kЛ™\ГЋ.t\l/ <kh\.ГЋ\.t\.l\> adj. .a
strongly built.
42
`6bc6u& /kЛ™\ГЋ.b\c.ГЋu~/
<kh\.ГЋ\.b\.c\.ГЋu~> adj. .rough.
`ru& /kЛ™\.ru~/ <kh\.ru~> adj. .correct.
`6ecok /kЛ™\.ГЋe.cok/ <kh\.ГЋe.co.k\>
advb. publicly.
`re`r /kЛ™\.re.kЛ™\r/ <kh\.re.kh\.r\>
advb. .1. truly 2. indeed.
`8vu& /kЛ™\ВЇ.vu~/ <kh\.ВЇ\.vu~> v.tr. .to
scratch.
`cR /kЛ™\r.c\/ <kh\.rc\> neut. . expense.
`tro /kЛ™\t.ro/ <kh\.t\.ro> masc.
.danger.
`tvvu& /kЛ™\.t\v.vu~/ <kh\.t\.v\.vu~> v.tr.
.to make an entry in a ledger.
`dbdvu& /kЛ™\d.b\d.vu~/
<kh\.d\.b\.d\.vu~> v.intr. .to boil with
a simmering sound.
`las /kЛ™\.las/ <kh\.la.s\> adj. .1.
exhausted 2. the end.
`lasI /kЛ™\.la.si/ <kh\.la.sii> masc. .a
sailor.
`lel /kЛ™\.lel/ <kh\.le.l\> masc.
.disturbance.
`vas /kЛ™\.vas/ <kh\.va.s\> fem. .name
of a community.
`pvu& /kЛ™\p.vu~/ <kh\.p\.vu~> v.intr. .to
be sold.
`s /kЛ™\s/ <kh\.s\> fem. .scabies.
`br /kЛ™\.b\r/ <kh\.b\.r\> fem. .news.
`s`s /kЛ™\s.kЛ™\s/ <kh\.s\.kh\.s\> fem.
.poppy seeds.
`-o /kЛ™\.bЛ™o/ <kh\.bho> masc. .the
shoulder.
`m8 /kЛ™\.m\ВЇ/ <kh\.m\.ВЇ\> neut. .a
food item.
`mvu& /kЛ™\m.vu~/ <kh\.m\.vu~> v.tr. .to
tolerate.
`mIs /kЛ™\.mis/ <kh\.mi.s\> neut. .a
shirt.
`rpvu& /kЛ™\.r\p.vu~/ <kh\.r\.p\.vu~> v.tr.
.to hoe.
`rvu& /kЛ™\r.vu~/ <kh\.r\.vu~> v.intr. .to
fall (fruit, leaves etc.)
`rab /kЛ™\.rab/ <kh\.ra.b\> adj. .bad.
`se6vu& /kЛ™\.seГЋ.vu~/ <kh\.se.ГЋ\.vu~> v.tr.
.to move.
`X`X /kЛ™\Г†. kЛ™\Г†/ <kh\.Г†\.kh\.Г†\> advb.
.the rippling sound of a water flow.
`&`ervu& /kЛ™\n.kЛ™er.vu~/ <kh\~.khe.r\.vu~>
v.tr. .to pluck down.
`&jrI /kЛ™\Вµ.Г”\.ri/ <kh\~.Г”\.rii> fem. .a
small tambourin.
`&jvaXvu& /k˙\µ.Ô\.vaÆ.vu~/
<kh\~.Г”\.va.Г†\.vu~> v.tr. .to seratch.
`&6 /kЛ™\ВЇ.ГЋ\/ <kh\~.ГЋ\> masc. .1. a part
2. a room. 3. a continent.
43
`&i6yer /kЛ™\ВЇ.ГЋi.jer/ <kh\~.ГЋi.je.r\> neut.
.a ruin.
`atr /kЛ™a.t\r/ <kha.t\.r\> neut. .housebreaking (by theif)
`a; /kЛ™a.i/ <kha.ii> fem. .1. a ditch 2. a
trench.
`atrI/kЛ™at.ri/ <kha.t\.rii> fem. .trust.
`aw0ru& /kЛ™a.u.dЛ™\.ru~/ <kha.u.dh\.ru~>
adj. . gluttonous.
`atavhI /kЛ™a.ta.v\.hi/ <kha.ta.v\.hii>
fem. a ledger.
`ajlI /kЛ™aГ”.li/ <kha.Г”\.lii> fem. .a food
item.
`atu& /kЛ™a.tu~/ <kha.tu~> neut. .an account.
`aju /kЛ™a.Г”u/ <kha.Г”u> neut. .a food item.
`a4kI /k˙aˇ.ki/ <kha.ˇ\.kii> masc. .a
butcher.
`a4lo /k˙aˇ.lo/ <kha.ˇ\.lo> masc. .a cot.
`a0a`orakI /kЛ™a.dЛ™a.kho.ra.ki/
<kha.dha.kho.ra.kii> fem. .1.
maintenance 2. livelihood.
`angI /kЛ™an.gi/ <kha.n\.kii> adj.
.secret.
`anu& /kЛ™a.nu~/ <kha.nu~> neut. .a drawer.
`a4vu& /k˙aˇ.vu~/ <kha.ˇ\.vu~> v.tr. .to be
benefited.
`a4u& /kЛ™a.Л‡u~/ <kha.Л‡u~> adj. .sour.
`aboicyu& /kЛ™a.bo.ci.ju~/ <kha.bo.ci.ju~>
neut. .a puddle.
`amI /kЛ™a.mi/ <kha.mii> fem. .a defect.
`a6I /kЛ™a.ГЋi/ <kha.ГЋii> fem. .a creek.
`aru& /kЛ™a.ru~/ <kha.ru~> adj. .salty.
`a6o /kЛ™a.ГЋo/ <kha.ГЋo> masc. .a pit.
`a8 /kЛ™aВЇ/ <kha.ВЇ\> fem. .a mine.
`ai8yo /kЛ™a.ВЇi.jo/ <kha.ВЇi.jo> masc. .a
miner.
`a8u& /kЛ™a.ВЇu~/ <kha.ВЇu~> neut. .a dinner.
`atmurt /kЛ™at.mu.r\t/ <kha.t\.mu.r\.t\>
neut. .a ceremony of laying a foundation.
`atr /kЛ™a.t\r/ <kha.t\.r\> fem.
.hospitality.
`atr /kЛ™a.t\r/ <kha.t\.r\> neut.
.fertilizer.
`arek /kЛ™a.rek/ <kha.re.k\> fem. .a dry
date.
`al /kЛ™al/ <kha.l\> fem. .skin.
`alI /kЛ™a.li/ <kha.lii> adj. .1. empty 2.
poor 3. purposelessly.
`avu& /kЛ™a.vu~/ <kha.vu~> v.tr. .to eat.
`as /kЛ™as/ <kha.s\> adj. .1.special 2.
personal. Ex. Aa maro `as ma8s 2e.
`as /kЛ™as/ <kha.s\> advb. .specially.
Ex. hu& `as tmara 3er AavI=.
44
`aisyt /kЛ™a.si.j\t/ <kha.si.j\.t\> fem. .a
special quality.
clarification.
`uLlu& /kЛ™ul.lu~./ <khu.llu~> adj. .open.
`aX /k˙aÆ/ <kha.Æ\> fem. .a drain.
`u= /kЛ™uГџ/ <khu.Гџ\> adj. .joyful.
`a&co /kЛ™a~.co/ <kha~.co> masc. .1. a turn
2. a lane.
`a&6 /kЛ™a~ГЋ/ <kha~.ГЋ\> fem. .sugar.
`a&6vu& /kЛ™a~ВЇГЋ.vu~/ <kha~.ГЋ\.vu~> v.tr. .to
pound.
`a&sI /kЛ™a~.si/ <kha~.sii> fem. .cough.
i`skolI /kЛ™is.ko.li/ <khi.s\.ko.lii> fem.
.a squirrel.
`Ic6I /kЛ™ic.ГЋi/ <khii.c\.ГЋii> fem. .a
food.
`Ico`Ic /kЛ™i.co.kЛ™ic/ <khii.co.khii.c\>
advb. densely.
`Ijvvu& /kЛ™i.Г”\v.vu~/ <khii.Г”\.v\.vu~> v.tr.
.to tease.
`I8 /kЛ™iВЇ/ <khii.ВЇ\> fem. .1. a valley 2.
a rift.
`Ir /kЛ™ir/ <khii.r\> fem. .a food item.
`Il /kЛ™il/ <khii.l\> masc. .a pimple.
`Ilvu& /kЛ™il.vu~/ <khii.l\.vu~> v.intr. .to
blossom.
`ISsu& /kЛ™is.su~/ <khii.ssu~> neut. .a
pocket.
`ur=I /kЛ™ur.Гџi/ <khu.r\.Гџii> fem. .a chair.
`ulaso /kЛ™u.la.so/ <khu.la.so> masc. .a
`u=numa /kЛ™uГџ.nu.ma/ <khu.Гџ\.nu.ma>
adj. .pleasant (climate).
`u=amt /kЛ™u.Гџa.m\t/ <khu.Гџa.m\.t\>
fem..flattery.
`u=I /kЛ™u.Гџi/ <khu.Гџii> fem. .pleasure.
`UjlI /kЛ™uГ”.li/ <khu.Г”\.lii> fem. .itching
sensation.
`U4vu& /k˙uˇ.vu~/ <khu.ˇ\.vu~> v.intr. .1. to
be used up 2. to run out.
`U8o /kЛ™u.ВЇo/ <khuu.ВЇo> masc. .1. an
angle 2. a corner.
`Un /kЛ™un/ <khuu.n\> neut. .1. blood 2.
murder.
`Ub /kЛ™ub/ <khu.b\> adj. .1. plentiful 2.
much.
`UbI /kЛ™u.bi/ <khu.bii> fem. peculiar
quality.
`Ulvu& /kЛ™ul.vu~/ <khuu.l\.vu~> v.intr. .to
open.
`U&cvvu& /kЛ™u~.c\v.vu~/ <khuu.c\.v\.vu~>
v.tr. .to snatch away.
`U&cvu& /kЛ™u~c.vu~/ <kh\.c\.vu~> v.intr. .to
prick.
`U&0 /kЛ™u~dЛ™/ <khuu~.dh\> fem. .a hump.
45
`e6vu& /kЛ™eГЋ.vu~/ <khe.ГЋ\.vu~> v.tr. .to
plow.
`o6 /kЛ™oГЋ/ <kho.ГЋ\> fem. .1. a defect 2.
a deficiency.
`e6Ut /kЛ™e.ГЋut/ <khe.ГЋuu.t\> masc. .a
farmer.
`o6vu& /kЛ™oГЋ.vu~/ <kho.ГЋ\.vu~> v.tr. .to
erect.
`etr /kЛ™e.t\r/ <khe.t\.r\> neut. .a farm.
`otrvu& /kЛ™o.t\r.vu~/ <kho.t\.r\.vu~> v.tr.
.1. to scratch 2. to dig by scrapping.
`etI /kЛ™e.ti/ <khe.tii> fem. .farming.
`erat /kЛ™e.rat/ <khe.ra.t\> fem. .1. almsgiving 2. charity.
`el /kЛ™el/ <khe.l\> masc. .1. a sport.2. a
show (of play, cinema etc.)
`elvu& /kЛ™el.vu~/ <khe.l\.vu~> v.intr. to
play.
`ela6I /kЛ™e.la.ГЋi/ <khe.la.ГЋii> masc. .a
player.
`evna /kЛ™ev.na/ <khe.v\.naa> fem. .care.
`e&ca8 /kЛ™Вґ~.caВЇ/ <khe~.ca.ВЇ\> neut.
.attraction.
`o`ru& /kЛ™okЛ™.ru~/ <kho.kh\.ru~> adj. .1.
dull 2. broken.
`o`u& /kЛ™o.kЛ™u~/ <kho.khu~> neut. .an
empty box.
`oja /kЛ™o.Г”a/ <kho.Г”a> masc. .a Muslim
caste.
`odvu& /kЛ™od.vu~/ <kho.d\.vu~> v.tr. .to
dig.
`oda8 /kЛ™o.daВЇ/ <kho.da.ВЇ\> neut. .a
digging.
`oprI /kЛ™op.ri/ <kho.p\.rii> fem. .the
skull.
`obo /kЛ™o.bo/ <kho.bo> masc. .the shape
formed by the joined palms.
`orvavu& /kЛ™or.va.vu~/ <kho.r\.va.vu~>
v.intr. .to be disrupted.
`orak /kЛ™o.rak/ <kho.ra.k\> masc. .food.
`olvu& /kЛ™ol.vu~/ <kho.l\.vu~> v.tr. .to
open.
`ovu& /kЛ™o.vu~/ <kho.vu~> v.tr. .to miss.
`osvu& /kЛ™os.vu~/ <kho.s\.vu~> v.tr. .1. to
drive into 2. to penetrate 3. to pierce.
`o4 /k˙oˇ/ <kho.ˇ\> fem. .loss.
`oXa-r8u& /kho.Г†a.bЛ™\r.ВЇu~/
<kho.Г†a.bh\.r\.ВЇu~> neut. .the
celebration of first pregnancy.
`o4kavu& /k˙oˇ.ka.vu~/ <kho.ˇ\.k\.vu~>
v.intr. to stop functioning.
`oXIyu& /kЛ™o.Г†i.ju~/ <kho.Г†ii.ju~> neut. .1. a
bed or pillow cover 2. the body.
`o4u& /kЛ™o.Л‡u~/ <kho.Л‡u~> adj. .1.wrong. 2.
false.
`oXo /kЛ™o.Г†o/ <kho.Г†o> masc. .the lap.
46
g
g;kal /g\i.kal/ <g\.ii.ka.l\> fem.
yesterday.
gg6vu& /g\.g\ГЋ.vu~/ <g\.g\.ГЋ\.vu~> v.intr.
.to roll down.
gjro /g\Г”.ro/ <g\.Г”\.ro> masc. .a
bouquet of flowers.
gjvu& /g\Г”.vu~/ <g\.Г”\.vu~> neut. .a pocket.
gzl /g\.z\l/ <g\.Г”h\.l\> fem. .a type of
poem.
g4g4avvu& /g\Л‡.g\.Л‡av.vu~/
<g\.Л‡\.g\.Л‡\.vu~> v.tr. .to swallow
quickly.
g4r /g\.t\r/ <g\.Л‡\.r\> fem. .a gutter.
g5\5o /g\ˇ˙.ˇ˙o/ <g\.ˇhˇho> masc. .a
lump.
g6da pa4u& /g\ГЋ.da.pa.Л‡u~/
<g\.ГЋ\.da.pa.Л‡u~> neut. .blows by hand
and feet.
g6do /g\ГЋ.do/ <g\.ГЋ\.do> masc. .a
punch.
g6b6 /g\ГЋ.b\ГЋ/ <g\.ГЋ\.b\.ГЋ\> fem. .1.
a rowdyism 2. misappropriation.
g6m9l /g\ГЋ.m\.tЛ™\l/ <g\.ГЋ\.m\.th\.l\>
fem. .hard work.
g6I /g\.ГЋi/ <g\.ГЋii> fem. .a fold (of
cloth, paper etc.).
g7 /g\ГЋЛ™/ <g\.ГЋh\> masc. .a fortress.
g7vI /g\ГЋЛ™.vi/ <g\.ГЋh\.vii> masc. .a
keeper of a fortress.
g7vI /g\ГЋЛ™.vi/ <g\.ГЋh\.vii> fem. .a
community.
g8karvu& /g\ВЇ.kar.vu~/ <g\.ВЇ\.ka.r\.vu~>
v.tr. .to care for.
g8g8vu& /g\ВЇ.g\ВЇ.vu~/ <g\.ВЇ\.g\.ВЇ\.vu~>
v.intra..1. to murmur 2. to grumble.
g8trI /g\.ВЇ\t.ri/ <g\.ВЇ\.t\.rii> fem. .1.
calculation 2. counting
g8pit /g\ВЇ.p\ti/ <g\.ВЇ\.p\.ti> masc.
hon..the god Ganpati.
g8vu& /g\ВЇ.vu~/ <g\.ВЇ\.vu~> v.tr. .1. to
count 2. to calculate.
g8ve= /g\ВЇ.veГџ/ <g\.ВЇ\.ve.Гџ\> masc. .a
uniform.
gi8t /g\.ВЇit/ <g\.ВЇi.t\> neut.
.mathematics.
g8e= /g\.ВЇeГџ/ <g\.ВЇe.Гџ\> masc. the god
Ganesh.
g*yu&ga&5yu& /g\.ВЇju~. ga~.Л‡Л™ju~/
<g\.ВЇju~.ga~.Л‡hju~> adj. .a little.
gtagm /g\.ta.g\m/ <g\.ta.g\.m\> fem. .
understanding.
git /g\.ti/ <g\.ti> fem. .1. motion 2.
speed.
gd\y /g\.dj\/ <g\.dj\> neut. .prose.
g0e6u& /g\.dЛ™e.ГЋu~/ <g\.dhe.ГЋu~> neut. .s
donkey.
47
gpgoXo /g\p.go.ВЃo/ <g\p.go.Г†o> masc.
.a rumor.
gmar /g\.mar/ <g\.ma.r\> adj. .manner
less.
gr /g\r/ <g\.r\> masc. .pulp.
gpsp /g\p.s\p/ <g\.p\.s\.p\> fem.
.gossip.
gPpIdas /g\p.pi.das/ <g\.ppii.da.s\>
masc. a rumor-monger.
gflt /g\pЛ™.l\t/ <g\.ph\.l\.t\> fem. .1. a
mistake 2. carelessness.
gb6vu& /g\.b\ГЋ.vu~/ <g\.b\.ГЋ\.vu~> v.intr.
.to roll down.
gbI /g\.bi/ <g\.bii> fem. .a foolish girl
or woman.
gbo /g\.bo/ <g\.bo> masc. .a foolish
boy or man.
g-ra4 /g\b˙.raˇ/ <g\.bh\.ra.ˇ\> masc.
.frightful confusion.
grj /g\.r\Г”/ <g\.r\.Г”\> fem. .need.
grju /g\r.Г”u/ <g\.r\.Г”u> adj. .needy.
grjvu& /g\.r\Г”.vu~/ <g\.r\.Г”\.vu~> v.intr.
.to thunder.
grdn /g\r.d\n/ <g\.r\.d\.n\> fem. .the
neck.
grnaXu& /g\r.na.Г†u~/ <g\.r\.na.Г†u~> neut. .a
culvert.
grbI /g\r.bi/ <g\.r\.bii> fem. .a kind of
poem.
grbo /g\r.bo/ <g\.r\.bo> masc. .1. a
kind of poem 2. a pot with holes that
used during Navaratri festival.
g-ravu& /g\bЛ™.ra.vu~/ <g\.bh\.ra.vu~>
v.intr.
.to get frightened.
grm /g\.r\m/ <g\.r\.m\> adj. .hot.
g-ru& /g\bЛ™.ru~/ <g\.bh\.ru~> adj. .simplehearted.
grmagrm /g\r.ma.g\.r\m/
<g\.r\.ma.g\.r\.m\> adj. .fresh and
hot.
gm /g\m/ <g\.m\> masc. .sadness.
gmgIn /g\m.gin/ <g\.m\.gii.n\> adj.
.sad.
gMmt /g\m.m\t/ <g\.mm\.t\> fem.
.merriment.
gmvu& /g\m.vu~/ <g\.m\.vu~> v.exp.. to
like.
grmI /g\r.mi/ <g\.r\.mii> fem. .heat.
grvu& /g\r.vu~/ <g\.r\.vu~> v.intr. .to fall
slowly (of leaves, flowers, dew etc.)
grIb /g\.rib/ <g\.rii.b\> adj. .poor.
grIba; /g\.ri.bai/ <g\.rii.ba.i> fem.
.poverty.
gru6 /g\.ruГЋ/ <g\.ru.ГЋ\> neut. .an eagle.
48
groXI /g\.ro.Г†i/ <g\.ro.Г†ii> fem. .a lizard.
g-aR0an /g\r.bЛ™a.dЛ™an/ <g\.rbha.dha.n\>
neut. .impregnation.
g-aR=y /g\r.bЛ™a.Гџ\j/ <g\.rbha.Гџ\.j\>
neut. .the uterus.
gX8I /g\.Г†\.ВЇi/ <g\.Г†\.ВЇii> fem. .a
funnel.
gXp8 /g\Г†.p\ВЇ/ <g\.Г†\.p\.ВЇ\> neut.
.sweetness.
gXvu& /g\Г†.vu~/ <g\.Г†\.vu~> v.intr. .to ooze.
gvR /g\r.v\/ <g\.rv\> masc. .proud.
glkI /g\l.ki/ <g\.l\.kii> fem. .a kind of
creeper (vegetable).
glgo4o /g\l.go.Л‡o/ <g\.l\.go.Л‡o> masc. .a
kind of flower plant.
gXa4U&po /g\.Г†a.Л‡u~.po/ <g\.Г†a.Л‡u~.po>
masc. .a strangling.
gXafa&so /g\.Г†a.pЛ™a~.so/ <g\.Г†a.pha~.so>
masc. .a strangulation.
gXu& /g\.Г†u~/ <g\.Г†u~> neut. .the throat.
glI /g\.li/ <g\.lii> fem. .a street.
gГўyu& /g\.Г†ju~/ <g\.Г†ju~> adj. .sweet.
glU6I/yu& /g\.lu.ГЋi.ju~/ <g\.luu.ГЋii.ju~> neut.
.a pup.
glofu& /g\.lo.pЛ™u~/ <g\.lo.phu~> neut. .the
inside of the cheek.
gLla&tLla& /g\l.la~.t\l.ta~/ <g\.lla~.t\.lla~>
masc. pl. .pretexts.
gLlo /g\l.lo/ <g\.llo> masc. .a cash-box.
g&@ /g\Вµ.Г”i/ <g\~.Г”ii> fem. .a stack of
hay.
g&dkI /g\nd.ki/ <g\~.d\.kii> fem .filth.
g&du /g\n.du~/ <g\~.du> adj. .dirty.
g&0 /g\n.dЛ™\/ <g\~.dh\> fem. .smell.
gvn /g\.v\n/ <g\.v\.n\> neut. .a kind
of sari.
g&0avu& /g\n.dЛ™a.vu~/ <g\~.dha.vu~> v.intr.
.to
stink.
gvEyo /g\.v\i.jo/ <g\.v\i.jo> masc. .a
songster.
g&-Ir /g\m.bЛ™ir/ <g\~.bhii.r\> adj. .1.
deep 2. cool-minded 3. serious.
gXc4u& /g\Г†.c\.Л‡u~/ <g\.Г†\.c\.Л‡u~> adj.
.sweetish.
gaj /gaГ”/ <ga.Г”\> neut. .a button-hole.
gajr /ga.Г”\r/ <ga.Г”\.r\> neut. .a carrot.
gXcvu& /g\.Г†\c.vu~/ <g\.Г†\.c\.vu~> v.tr. .to
over eat.
gXcI /g\Г†.ci/ <g\.Г†\.cii> fem. .1. the
neck 2. the throat.
gajvIj /gaГ”.viГ”/ <ga.Г”\.vii.Г”\> fem.
.lightening and thunder together.
49
gajvu& /gaГ”.vu~/ <ga.Г”\.vu~> v.intr. .to
thunder.
ga6I /ga.ГЋi/ <ga.ГЋii> fem. .a vehicle.
ga&5 /ga~Л‡Л™/ <ga~.Л‡h\> fem. .a knot.
ga&6u& /ga~.ГЋu~/ <ga~.ГЋu~> adj. .1. mad 2.
lunatic.
ga6u& /ga.ГЋu~/ neut. .a cart.
gIc /gic/ <gii.c\> adj. .overcroweded.
ga7 /gaГЋЛ™/ <ga.ГЋh\> adj. .thick.
gIt /git/ <gii.t\> neut. .a song.
ga8u& /ga.ВЇu~/ <ga.ВЇu~> neut. .a song.
gI0 /gidЛ™/ <gii.dh\> neut. .a vulture.
ga9a /ga.tЛ™a/ <ga.tha> fem. .a moral or
religous story.
gIrvI /gir.vi/ <gii.r\.vii> adj. .on
mortgage.
gadlu& /gad.lu~/ <ga.d\.lu~> neut. .a
mattress.
gIro /gi.ro/ <gii.ro> adj. .on mortgage.
gadI /ga.di/ <ga.dii> fem. .1. a throne, 2.
a cushion.
gujrvu& /gu.Г”\r.vu~/ <gu.Г”\.r\.vu~> v.intr.
.1. to pass by 2. to die.
gab6u& /gab.ГЋu~/ <ga.b\.ГЋu~> neut. .1. a
hole 2. a pit.
gujran /guГ”.ran/ <gu.Г”\.ra.n\> neut.
.livelihood.
gam /gam/ <ga.m\> neut. .a village.
gujarvu& /gu.Г”ar.vu~/ <gu.Г”a.r\.vu~> v.tr. .to
pass time.
gayk /ga.j\k/ <ga.j\.k\> masc. .a male
singer.
gaiyka /ga.ji.ka/ <ga.ji.ka> fem. .a female
singer.
galIco /ga.li.co/ <ga.lii.co> masc. .a
carpet.
gavu& /ga.vu~/ <ga.vu~> v.tr. .to sing.
gaX /gaÆ/ <ga.Æ\> fem. .a curse word.
gaXvu& /gaÆ.vu~/ <ga.Æ\.vu~> v.tr. .1. to
filter 2. melt 3. to pass time.
ga&g6o /ga~g.ГЋo/ <ga~.g\.ГЋo> masc. .a
solid lump.
gu4ko /guˇ.ko/ <gu.ˇ\.ko> masc. .a small
booklet.
gu8 /guВЇ/ <gu.ВЇ\> masc. .quality.
gu8gan /guВЇ.gan/ neut. .an eulogy.
gu8doq /guВЇ.doГџ/ <gu.ВЇ\.do.sВ°\> masc.
.merits and demerits.
gu8vu& /guВЇ.bv~/ <gu.ВЇ\.vu~> v.tr. .to
multiply.
gu8akar /gu.ВЇa.kar/ <gu.ВЇa.ka.r\> masc.
.multiplication.
50
gu8o]ar /gu.ВЇo.tt\r/ <gu.ВЇo.tt\.r\> masc.
.a ratio.
gunegar /gu.ne.gar/ <gu.ne.ga.r\> adj.
.criminal.
gU7 /guГЋЛ™/ <guu.ГЋh\> adj. .secret.
gU8 /guВЇ/ <guu.ВЇ\> fem. .a sack.
guno /gu.no/ <gu.no> masc. .a crime.
gUm6u& /gum.ГЋu~/ <guu.m\.ГЋu~> neut. .a
skin-boil.
gupcUp /gup.cup/ <gu.p\.cu.p\> advb.
.quietly.
gU&gXavu& /guЛњ.g\.Г†a.vu~/ <guu~.g\.Г†a.vu~>
v.intr. .to be suffocated.
guPt /gu.pt\/ <gu.pt\> adj. .secret.
gU&c /gu~c/ <guu~.c\> fem. .1.a twisting of
threads 2. intricacy.
gufa /gu.pЛ™a/ <gu.pha> fem. .a cave.
gumavvu& /gu.mav.vu~/ <gu.ma.v\.vu~>
v.tr. .to lose.
guru /gu.ru/ <gu.ru> masc. . a teacher.
guru /gu.ru/ <gu.ru> adj. .1. big 2. large.
gulmor /gul.mГёr/ <gu.la.mo.r\> neut. .a
tree.
gulab /gu.lab/ <gu.la.b\> neut. .1. the
rose plant. 2. a rose flower
gulam /gu.lam/ <gu.la.m\> masc. .a
slave.
gU&9vu& /gu~tЛ™.vu~/ <guu~.th\.vu~> v.tr. .to
knit.
gU&dvu& /gu~d.vu~/ <guu~.d\.vu~> v.tr. .to
trample.
gerkayde /ger.kaj.de/ <ge.r\.ka.j\.de> adj.
and advb. .illegal.
gerkaydesr /ger.kaj.de.s\r/
<ge.r\.ka.j\.de.s\.r\> advb. .illegally.
gerrSte /ger.r\s.te/ <ge.r\.r\.ste> advb.
.wrongly.
gerla- /ger.labЛ™/ <ge.r\.la.bh\> masc.
.loss.
guSso /gu.sso/ <gu.sso> masc. .anger.
gu&jvu& /guµÔ.vu~/ <gu~.Ô\.vu~> v.intr. .1. to
hum 2. to buzz.
gu&6o /guВЇ.ГЋo/ <gu~.ГЋo> masc. .a bully.
gu&dr /gun.d\r/ <gu~.d\.r\> masc. .1.
glue 2. gum.
gu&bj /gum.b\Г”/ <gu~.b\.Г”\> masc. .a
dome.
gervLle /ger.v\.lle/ <g\.r\.v\.lle> advb.
.at a wrong place.
gervvu& /ge.r\v.vu~/ <ge.r\.v\.vu~> v.tr. .to
make things (fruits, leaves) fall.
gervhIv4 /ger.v\.hi.v\Л‡/
<ge.r\.v\.hii.v\.Л‡\> masc.
mismanagement.
51
gersmj /ger.s\.m\Г”/ <ge.r\.s\.m\.Г”\>
fem. . misunderstanding.
gokXgay /go.k\Г†.gaj/ <go.k\.Г†\.ga.j\>
fem. .a snail.
go`lo /gokЛ™.lo/ <go.kh\.lo> masc. .a
small recess in a wall.
go`vu& /gokЛ™.vu~/ <go.kh\.vu~> v.tr. .1. to
cram 2. to memorize.
gozaru& /go.Г”Л™a.ru~/ <go.Г”ha.ru~> adj.
.sinful.
go4lI /goˇ.li/ <go.ˇ\.lii> masc. .a mango
seed (usually soft)
go4lo /goˇ.lo/ <go.ˇ\.lo> masc. .a mango
seed (usually hard)
goma&s /go.ma~s/ <go.ma~.s\> neut. .beef.
gor /gГёr/ <go.r\> masc. .a priest
(normally a Brahmin)
gora8I /gГё.ra.ВЇi/ <go.ra.ВЇii> fem. .a
priest’s wife.
gorI /go.ri/ <go.rii> adj. .a whiteskinned woman.
golmal /gol.mal/ <go.l\.ma.l\> fem. .
misappropriation.
govaX /go.vaÆ/ <go.va.Æ\> masc. .a cowherd.
govaX8I /go.va.Г†\.ВЇi/ <go.va.Г†\.ВЇii> fem.
.a cow-herd’s wife.
goX /goÆ/ <go.Æ\> adj. .round.
go4lo /goˇ.lo/ <go.ˇ\.lo> masc. .a hard
muscle.
go58 /go.tЛ™\ВЇ/ <go.Л‡h\.ВЇ\> masc. .one
of the knees.
goX /goÆ/ <go.Æ\> masc. .a sub-group of
a caste.
goX /gГёГ†/ <go.Г†\> masc. .jiggery.
go5vvu& /go.Л‡Л™\v.vu~/ <go.Л‡h\.v\.vu~> v.tr.
.to arrange.
goXgoX /goÆ.goÆ/ <go.Æ\.go.Æ\> adj.
.evasive.
goi5y8 /go.Л‡Л™i.j\ВЇ/ <go.Л‡hi.j\.ВЇ\> fem. .a
female friend.
goXpap6I /goÆ.pap.Îi/ <go.Æ\.pa.p\.Îii>
fem. .a sweet food itm.
god /god/ <go.d\> fem. .the lap.
goXm4oX /goÆ.m\.ˇoÆ/ <go.Æ\.m\.ˇo.Æ\>
adj. .pulpy.
god6I /god.ГЋi/ <go.d\.ГЋii> fem. .a kind
of mattress.
godam /go.dam/ <go.da.m\> neut. .a
store house.
gobo /go.bo/ <go.bo> masc. .a hollow
on a metallic surface.
goXI /go.Г†i/ <go.Г†ii> fem. .1. a pill 2. a
bullet.
goXo /go.Г†o/ <go.Г†o> masc. .1.a globe 2.
a round lamp 3. a bulb.
gO8 /g\uВЇ/ <g\u.ВЇ\> adj. .secondary.
52
gOrv /g\u.r\v/ <g\u.r\.v\> neut. .pride.
g/h /gr\h/ <gr\.h\> masc. .a planet.
g/h8 /gr\.h\ВЇ/ <g\.h\.ВЇ\> neut. .an
eclipse.
g/&9 /gr\ntЛ™/ <g\~.th\> masc. .a book.
g/ahk /gra.h\k/ <gra.h\.k\> masc. .a
customer.
3
34a4op /gЛ™\.Л‡a.Л‡op/ <gh\.Л‡a.Л‡o.p\> masc.
.1. thick clods 2. false show.
34a6vu& /gЛ™\.Л‡aГЋ.vu~/ <gh\.Л‡a.ГЋ\.vu~> v.tr.
1. to lessen 2. to reduce.
34a6o /gЛ™\.Л‡a.ГЋo/ <gh\.Л‡a.ГЋo> masc.
decrease.
34avvu& /gЛ™\.Л‡av.vu~/ <gh\.Л‡a.v\.vu~> v.tr.
to interpret.
36tr /gЛ™\ГЋ.t\r/ <gh\.ГЋ\.t\.r\> neut. .1.
a thing made 2. training.
3w& /gЛ™\.u~/ <gh\.u~> masc. .wheat.
36p8 /gЛ™\ГЋ.p\ВЇ/ <gh\.ГЋ\.p\.ВЇ\> neut.
.old age.
3w&v8uR& /gЛ™\.u~.v\.rВЇu~/ <gh\.u.v\.rВЇu~>
adj. .of whitish color.
36vu& /gЛ™\ГЋ.vu~/ <gh\.ГЋ\.vu~> v.tr. .1. to
shape 2. to mould 3. to manufacture.
34 /gЛ™\Л‡/ <gh\.Л‡\> fem. .a shortage.
36a; /gЛ™\.ГЋa.i/ <gh\.ГЋa.ii> fem. .wages
for shaping, molding or manufacturing.
34k /gЛ™\.Л‡\k/ <gh\.Л‡\.k\> adj.
component.
34tu& /gЛ™\Л‡.tu~/ <gh\.Л‡\.tu~> advb.
.properly.
34na /gЛ™\Л‡.na/ <gh\.Л‡\.na> fem. .event.
34maX /gЛ™\Л‡.maВЃ/ <gh\.Л‡\.ma.Г†\> fem. a
series of events.
34vu& /gЛ™\Л‡.vu~/ <gh\.Л‡\.vu~> v.intr. .to
dcrease.
3i6yaX /g˙\.Îi.jaÆ/ <gh\.Îi.ja.Æ\> fem. .1.
a watch 2. a clock.
3i6yaXI /gЛ™\.ГЋi.ja.Г†i/ <gh\.ГЋi.ja.Г†i> masc.
.a match maker.
36o /g\.ГЋo/ <gh\.ГЋo> masc. .a pot.
38 /gЛ™\ВЇ/ <gh\.ВЇ\> masc. .a large
heavy hammer.
38u& /gЛ™\.ВЇu~/ <gh\.ВЇu~> adj. .1. much 2.
very.
34Sfo4 /g˙ˇ.sp˙oˇ/ <gh\.ˇ\.spho.ˇ\>
masc. .a revealing of secret.
3n /gЛ™\n/ <gh\.n\> adj. .solid.
34a /gЛ™\.Л‡a/ <gh\.Л‡a> fem. .a dense
formation of trees, clouds etc.
3m&6 /gЛ™\.m\ВЇГЋ/ <gh\.m\~.ГЋ\> masc. .a
false pride.
53
3m&6I /gЛ™\.m\ВЇ.ГЋi/ <gh\.m\~.ГЋii> adj.
arrogant.
3vavu& /gЛ™\.va.vu~/ <gh\.va.vu~> v.intr. .to
be wounded.
3r /gЛ™\r/ <gh\.r\> neut. .a home.
3s3sa4 /g˙\s.g˙\.saˇ/ <gh\.s\.g\.sa.ˇ\>
advb. .to sleep soundly.
3rkam /gЛ™\r.kam/ <gh\.r\.ka.m\> neut.
1. a household work 2. a homework.
3r`cR /gЛ™\r.kЛ™\r.c\/ <gh\.r\.kh\.rc\>
neut. household expenses.
3rg(9u /gЛ™\r.g\tЛ™tЛ™u/ <gh\.r\.g\.ththu>
adj. produced at home.
3rcoXu& /gЛ™\r.co.Г†u~/ <gh\.r\.co.Г†u~> neut.
1.a silk bodies for women.
3rjma; /gЛ™\r.Г”\.mai/ <gh\.r\.Г”\.ma.ii>
masc. .a married man living with his
father-in-law’s family.
3r6u& /gЛ™\r.ГЋu~/ <gh\.r\.ГЋu~> adj. .old.
3rbar /gЛ™\r.bar/ <gh\.r\.ba.r\> neut.
members of the family.
3rv`rI /gЛ™\r.v\.kЛ™.ri/
<gh\.r\.v\.kh\.rii> fem. . household
things such as furniture, utensils etc.
3rs&sar /gЛ™\r.sam.sar/ <gh\.r\.s\~.sa.r\>
masc. . worldly life.
3rs&sarI /gЛ™\r.sam.sa.ri/
<gh\.r\.s\~.sa.rii> adj. .a person
leading a worldly life.
3rak /gЛ™\.rak/ <gh\.ra.k\> masc. .1. a
customer 2. a client.
3re8u& /gЛ™\.re.ВЇ~/ <gh\.re.ВЇu~> neut. .an
ornament.
3s6vu& /gЛ™\.s\ГЋ.vu~/ <gh\.s\.ГЋ\.vu~> v.tr.
.to drag.
3s6avu& /gЛ™\s.ГЋa.vu~/ <gh\.s\.ГЋa.vu~>
v.tr. to be dragged.
3srko /gЛ™\.s\r.ko/ <gh\.s\.r\.ko> masc.
1. a cut 2. a scratch.
3savu& /gЛ™\.sa.vu~/ <gh\.sa.vu~> v.intr.
.1.to be rubbed 2. to be worn out 3. to
sacrifice for others.
3&4 /gЛ™\ВЇЛ‡/ <gh\~.Л‡\> masc. .a bell.
3&46I /gЛ™\ВЇЛ‡.ГЋi/ <gh\~.Л‡\.ГЋi> fem. ..a
small bell.
3&4I /gЛ™\.ВЇЛ‡i/ <gh\~.Л‡ii> fem. .a grinding
hand-mill or machine.
3a /gЛ™a/ <gha> adj. .two dozen papers.
3a /gЛ™a/ <gha> masc. .a wound.
3a3ro /gЛ™\gЛ™.ro/ <gha.gh\.ro> masc. .a
petticoat.
3a3rI /gЛ™agЛ™.ri/ <gha.gh\.rii> fem. .a
small petticoat.
3a4 /g˙aˇ/ <gha.ˇ> masc. . a shape.
3a4Ilu& /gЛ™a.Л‡i.lu~/ <gha.Л‡i.lu~> adj. .well
built.
54
3a8 /gЛ™aВЇ/ <gha.ВЇ\> masc. .a unit of
production.
3U&48 /gЛ™u~.Л‡\ВЇ/ <ghuu~.Л‡\.ВЇ\> masc. .the
knee.
3ayl /gЛ™a.j\l/ <gha.j\.l\> adj. .wounded.
3U&4I /gЛ™u~.Л‡i/ <ghuu~.Л‡ii> fem. .the shinbone.
3arI /gЛ™a.ri/ <gha.rii> fem. .a kind of
sweet.
3alvu& /gЛ™al.vu~/ <gha.l\.vu~> v.tr. .1. to
thrust into 2. to penetrate.
3U&4I /gЛ™u~.Л‡i/ <ghuu~.Л‡ii> fem. .a puzzle.
3e4u& /gЛ™e.Л‡u~/ <ghe.Л‡u~> neut. .a sheep.
3en /gЛ™en/ <ghe.n\> neut. .intoxication.
3as /gЛ™as/ <gha.s\> neut. .grass.
3I /gЛ™i/ <ghii> neut. .ghee (refined
butter).
3uv6 /gЛ™u.v\ГЋ/ <ghu.v\.ГЋ\> masc. .an
owl.
3U3rI /gЛ™ugЛ™.ri/ <ghuu.gh\.rii> fem. .a
small mealic balls (usually of
ornaments).
3U3vvu& /gЛ™u.gЛ™\v.vu~/ <ghuu.gh\.v\.vu~>
v.intr. .to roar (of sea)
3Umravu& /gЛ™um.ra.vu~/ <ghuu.m\.ra.vu~>
v.intr. .to turn or move around.
3ebr /gЛ™e.b\r/ <ghe.b\.r\> neut. .a kind
of sweet.
3er /gЛ™er/ <ghe.r\> masc.
.circumference.
3ervu& /gЛ™er.vu~/ <ghe.r\.vu~> v.tr. .to
surround.
3eru& /gЛ™e.ru~/ <ghe.ru~> adj. .deep or dark
(usually a color).
3el2a /gЛ™el.cЛ™a/ <ghe.la.cha> fem. .a
craze.
3elu& /gЛ™e.lu~/ <ghe.lu~> adj. .craziness.
3UmrI /gЛ™um.ri/ <ghuu.m\.rii> fem. .a
whirlpool.
3o /gЛ™o/ <gho> fem. .a kind of lizard.
3Umvu& /gЛ™um.vu~/ <ghuu.m\.vu~> v.intr.
.to move around.
3o6aga6I /gЛ™o.ГЋa.gЛ™a.ГЋi/
<gho.ГЋa.gha.ГЋii> fem. .a horsecarriage.
3Urkvu& /gЛ™u.r\k.vu~/ <ghuu.r\.k\.vu~>
v.intr. .1. to roar angrily 2. to snarl.
3o6apUr /gЛ™o.ГЋa.pur/ <gho.ГЋa.puu.r\>
neut. .a sudden flood.
3Usi8yu& /gЛ™u.s\.ВЇi.ju~/ <ghu.s\.ВЇi.ju~> adj.
.a person with intruding nature.
3o6Iyu& /gЛ™o.ГЋi.ju~/ <gho.ГЋii.ju~> neut. .a
cradle.
3Usvu& /gЛ™us.vu~/ <ghuu.s\.vu~> v.intr. .1.
to thrust into 2. to enter forcefully or
withour prior permission.
3o6I /gЛ™o.ГЋi/ <gho.ГЋii> fem. .a mare.
55
3o6o /gЛ™o.ГЋo/ <gho.ГЋo> masc. .a horse.
ckkr /c\k.k\r/ <c\.kk\.r\> neut. .a
circle.
3or /gЛ™or/ <gho.r\> adj. .terrible.
3orvu& /gЛ™or.vu~/ <gho.r\.vu~> v.intr. .to
snore.
3oXvu& /g˙oÆ.vu~/ <gho.Æ\.vu~> v.tr. .to
soften by pressing on all sides.
c
ckckvu& /c\k.c\k.vu~/ <c\.k\.c\.k\.vu~>
v.intr. .1.to shine 2. to glitter.
ckckIt /c\k.c\.kit/ <c\.k\.c\.kii.t\>
adj. .shining.
ck6oX /c\k.ÎoÆ/ <c\.k\.Îo.Æ\> masc.
.marry-go-round.
cktI /c\k.ti/ <c\.k\.tii> fem. .a name
plate.
ck/m /c\k.r\m/ <c\.kr\.m\> masc. .a
senseless person.
ck/v<i)0 /c\k.r\.vrudЛ™.dЛ™i/
<c\.kr\.vr≤.dhdhi> adj. . compound
interest.
ck/akar /c\k.ra.kar/ <c\.kra.ka.r\> adj.
.circular.
cgdvu& /c\.g\d.vu~/ <c\.g\.d\.vu~> v.tr.
.1. to trample 2. to crush.
cgXvu& /c\.g\Г†.vu~/ <c\.g\.Г†\.vu~> v.tr. .1.
to chew slowly 2. to munch.
cc8vu& /c\.c\ВЇ.vu~/ <c\.c\.ВЇ\.vu~> v.exp.
.to feel a burning pain.
c4kvu& /c\.Л‡\k.vu~/ <c\.Л‡\.k\.vu~> v.tr. .to
string.
cklo /c\k.lo/ <c\.k\.lo> masc. .a male
sparrow.
c48I /c\Л‡.ВЇi/ <c\.Л‡\.ВЇii> fem. .ketchup.
cklI /c\k.li/ <c\.k\.lii> fem. .a female
sparrow.
c4p4 /c\Л‡.p\Л‡/ <c\.Л‡\.p\.Л‡\> advb.
.instantly.
ckXivkX /c\.k\Г†.vi.k\Г†/
<c\.k\.Г†\.vi.k\.Г†\> adj. . frightened and
puzzled.
c4p4I /c\Л‡.p\.Л‡i/ <c\.Л‡\.p\.Л‡ii> fem.
.uneasiness.
ckamu& /c\.ka.mu~/ <c\.ka.mu~> neut. .1.
sun-burn 2. sore.
ckasvu& /c\.kas.vu~/ <c\.ka.s\.vu~> v.tr. .to
examine.
ckor /c\.kor/ <c\.ko.r\> adj. .alert.
c4a; /c\.Л‡ai/ <c\.Л‡a.i> fem. .a mat.
c6wtr /c\ГЋ.u.t\r/ <c\.ГЋ\.u.t\.r\> fem.
.1. rise and fall 2. ascent and descent.
c6c6vu& /c\ГЋ.c\ГЋ.vu~/ <c\.ГЋ\.c\.ГЋ\.vu~>
v.intr. .to burn with a creaking sound.
c6tI /c\ГЋ.ti/ <c\.ГЋ\.tii> fem. .1. rise 2.
increase.
56
c6tI p6tI /c\ГЋ.ti p\ГЋ.ti/
<c\.ГЋ\.tii.p\.ГЋ\.tii> fem. . rise and fall.
cp4I /c\p.Л‡i/ <c\.p\.Л‡ii> fem. .a snap of
fingers.
cpX /c\.p\Г†/ <c\.p\.Г†\> adj. .skilful.
c6tu& /c\ГЋ.tu~/ <c\.ГЋ\.tu~> adj. .rising.
cpa4I /c\.pa.Л‡i/ <c\.pa.Л‡ii> fem. .a bread.
c6vu& /c\ГЋ.vu~/ <c\.ГЋ\.vu~> v.intr. .1. to
climb 2. to rise.
c6sac6sI /c\ГЋ.sa. c\ГЋ.si/
<c\.ГЋ\.sa.c\.ГЋ\.sii> fem. . intense
rivalry.
c6a; /c\.ГЋai/ <c\.ГЋa.i> fem. .an
invasion.
c6\6I /c\ГЋ.ГЋi/ <c\.ГЋГЋii> fem. .shorts.
c8 /c\ВЇ/ <c\.ВЇ\> masc. .grains for
birds.
c8vu& /c\ВЇ.vu~/ <c\.ВЇ\.vu~> v.tr. .to
construct.
c8vu& /c\ВЇ.vu~/ <c\.ВЇ\.vu~> v.tr. .to eat
(by birds).
ci8yo /c\.ВЇi.jo/ <c\.ВЇi.jo> masc.
.petticoat.
c8o /c\.ВЇo/ masc. <c\.ВЇo> a grain of
gram.
ctur /c\.tur/ <c\.tu.r\> adj. .clever.
ctura /c\.tu.ra/ <c\.tu.ra> fem. .a clever
woman (used mainly in literary
language)
ctura; /c\.tu.rai/ <c\.tu.ra> fem.
.cleverness.
cpocp /c\.po.c\p/ <c\.po.c\.p\> advb.
.quickly.
cPpu /c\p.pu/ <c\p.pu> neut. .a knife.
cbr`I /c\.b\r.kЛ™i/ <c\.b\.r\.khii> fem.
.a small piece of paper (mainly hand
written)
cbrak /c\b.rak/ <c\.b\.ra.k\> adj.
.1.clever 2. talkative.
cbUtro /c\.but.ro/ <c\.buu.t\.ro> masc.
.a public bird feeder.
cmk /c\.m\k/ <c\.m\.k\> fem.
.brightness.
cmco /c\m.co/ <c\.m\.co> masc. .a
spoon.
cmTkar /c\.m\t.kar/ <c\.m\.tka.r\>
masc. .a miracle.
cmelI /c\.me.li/ <c\.me.lii> fem. .a kind
of flower plant.
crk /c\.r\k/ <c\.r\.k\> fem. .a bird’s
excrement.
cr`o /c\r.kЛ™o/ <c\.r\.kho> masc. .a
spinning wheel.
cr8 /c\.r\ВЇ/ <c\.r\.ВЇ\> masc. .legs
(formal).
57
crbI /c\r.bi/ <c\.r\.bii> fem. .fat.
c&dn /c\n.d\n/ <c\~.d\.n\> neut. .a
sandal-tree.
crvu& /c\r.vu~/ <c\.r\.vu~> v.tr. .to graze.
c&В± /c\n.dr\/ <c\~.dr\> masc. .the moon.
cir{a /c\.rit.r\/ <c\.ri.tr\> neut.
.character.
cru /c\.ru/ <c\.ru> masc. .a pot with
broad mouth.
ccRvu& /c\rc.vu~/ <c\.rc\.vu~> v.tr. .to
discuss.
ccaR /c\r.ca/ <c\.rca> fem. .discussion.
c&pl /c\m.p\l/ <c\~.p\.l\> masc.
.sleeper.
c&po /c\m.po/ <c\~.po> masc. .a flower
plant.
ca /ca/ <ca> fem. .tea.
cakI /ca.ki/ <ca.kii> fem. .a small metal
bolt.
cl8 /c\.l\ВЇ/ <c\.l\.ВЇ\> neut. .currency.
caku /ca.ku/ <ca.ku> neut. .a knife.
cva8u& /c\.va.ВЇu~/ <c\.va.ВЇu~> neut. .a
type of
food.
cskvu& /c\.s\k.vu~/ <c\.s\.k\.vu~> v.intr.
.1.to slip 2. to escape 3. to be lostminded.
csko /c\s.ko/ <c\.s\.ko> masc.
.1.mascular pain 2. addiction.
chero /c\.he.ro/ <c\.he.ro> masc. .a face.
cX /c\Г†/ <c\.Г†\> fem. .itching sensation.
cXvX /c\.v\Г†/ <c\.Г†\.v\.Г†\> fem. .a
movement.
ca`vu& /cakЛ™.vu~/ <ca.kh\.vu~> v.tr. .to
taste.
ca4vu& /caˇ.vu~/ <ca.ˇ\.vu~> v.tr. .to lick.
ca5u& /ca.Л‡Л™u~/ <ca.Л‡hu~> neut. .1. a scar 2. a
skin-burn.
caplUsI /cap.lu.si/ <ca.p\.lu.sii> fem.
.flattery.
cab`o /cab.kЛ™o/ <ca.b\.kho> masc. .1. a
whip 2. a kind of poem that criticizes
social evils.
cabUk /ca.buk/ <ca.buu.k\> masc. .a
whip.
cXvu& /c\Г†.vu~/ <c\.Г†\.vu~> v.intr. .1. to
move 2. to break a promise.
cam6I /cam.ГЋi/ <ca.m\.ГЋii> fem. .skin.
cXam8 /c\.Г†a.m\ВЇ/ <c\.Г†a.m\.ВЇ\> neut.
.leftover after sifting.
cam6u& /cam.ГЋu~/ <ca.m\.ГЋu~> neut.
.leather.
c&cX /c\Вµ.c\Г†/ <c\~.c\.Г†\> adj. .unsteady.
camacI6Iyu& /ca.ma.ci.ГЋi.ju~/
<ca.ma.cii.ГЋii.ju~> neut. .a bat.
58
car /car/ <ca.r\> fem. .1. fresh grass 2.
fodder.
caX8I /ca.Г†\.ВЇi/ <ca.Г†\.ВЇii> fem. .a sieve.
caXvu& /caÆ.vu~/ <ca.Æ\.vu~> v.tr. .to sift.
car8 /ca.r\ВЇ/ <ca.r\.ВЇ\> masc. .1. a
bard 2. a name of a caste/ community.
calIs /ca.lis/ <ca.li.s\> adj. .forty.
carpa; /car.pai/ <ca.r\.pa.i> fem. .a cot.
co&c /cГё~c/ <co~.c\> fem. .a beak.
cair{a /ca.rit.r\/ <c\.ri.tr\> neut.
.character.
ca&c6 /ca~.c\ГЋ/ <co~.c\.ГЋ\> masc. .a flea.
caro /ca.ro/ <ca.ro> masc. .fodder.
cal /cal/ <ca.l\> fem. .style of walking.
cal /cal/ <ca.l\> fem. .a strategy.
cal /cal/ <ca.l\> masc. .1. a tradition 2.
a custom.
calclgt /cal.c\l.g\t/ <ca.l\.c\.l\.g\.t\>
fem. . behavior.
[email protected] /cal.ba.Г”i/ <ca.l\.ba.Г”ii> fem.
cleverness.
ca&d /ca~d/ <co~.d\> masc. .the moon.
ca&dnI /ca~d.ni/ <co~.d\.nii> fem.
.moonlight.
ca&dlo /ca~d.lo/ <ca~.d\.lo> masc. .an
auspicious mark done on the forehead.
ca&dI /ca~.di/ <ca~.dii> fem. .silver.
ca&dI /ca~.di/ <ca~.dii> fem. .syphilis.
ca&du& /ca~.du~/ <ca~.du~> neut. .an ulcer.
ca&do /ca~.do/ <ca~.do> masc. .the moon.
calvu& /cal.vu~/ <ca.l\.vu~> v.intr. .to walk.
ca&p /ca~p/ <ca~.p\> fem. .a switch.
calak /ca.lak/ <ca.la.k\> adj. .1.clever 2.
skilful.
ca&plu& /ca~p.lu~/ <ca~.p\.lu~> adj. .over
wise.
calakI /ca.la.ki/ <ca.la.kii> fem. .1. a
trick 2. cleverness.
ickar /ci.kar/ <ci.ka.r\> adj. .full.
calu /ca.lu/ <ca.lu> adj. .1.moving 2. a
person with loose character.
cavvu& /cav.vu~/ <ca.v\.vu~> v.tr. .to chew.
cavI /ca.vi/ <ca.vii> fem. .a key.
cas /cas/ <ca.s\> masc. .a furrow.
iccyarI /cic.ja.ri/ <ci.c\.ja.rii> fem. .a
shrilling cry.
ic5\5I /ciˇ˙.ˇ˙i/ <ci.ˇhˇhii> fem. .1. a note
2. a small informal letter.
ic6avu& /ci.ГЋa.vu~/ <ci.ГЋa.vu~> v.intr. .to be
vexed.
icta /ci.ta/ <ci~.ta> fem. .a funeral-pyre.
59
cIj /ciГ”/ <ci.Г”\> fem. .a thing.
ictar /ci.tar/ <ci.ta.r\> masc. .1.a picture
2. a detail narration.
ic]a /cit.t\/ <ci.tt\> neut. .the mind.
ic]ao /cit.to/ <ci.tto> masc. .1.a panther
2. a leopard.
ic{a /cit.r\/ <ci.tr\> neut. .1. a picture 2.
a drawing.
cI6 /ciГЋ/ <cii.ГЋ\> fem. .disgust.
cItrvu& /ci.t\r.vu~/ <cii.t\.r\.vu~> v.tr. .1.
to sketch 2. to draw.
cItXo /cit.Г†o/ <cii.t\.Г†o> masc. .a kind of
serpent.
cInI /ci.ni/ <cii.nii> adj. .Chinese.
icbavlu& /ci.bav.lu~/ <ci.ba.v\.lu~> adj.
1.overwise 2. childish.
cIp /cip/ <cii.p\> fem. .1. a strip 2. a
deal in the card game.
icbuk /ci.buk/ <ci.buu.k\> fem. .the
chin.
cIipyo /ci.pi.jo/ <cii.pi.jo> masc.
.pincers.
icr&@vI /ci.r\n..Г”i.vi/ <ci.r\~.Г”ii.vii> adj.
1. having longevity 2. also used to
address a son, a daughter or any person
who is younger to the addresser.
cIbu& /ci.bu~/ <cii.bu~> adj. .flat-nosed.
icrag /ci.rag/ <ci.ra.g\> masc. .a lamp.
cIrvu& /cir.vu~/ <cii.r\.vu~> v.tr. .1. to tear
2. to split.
ich\.n /cih..n\/ <ci.hn\> neut. .1. a mark
2. a trait.
ic&tk /cin.t\k/ <ci~.t\.k\> masc. .thinker.
ic&tn /cin.t\n/ <ci~.t\.n\> neut. .1. deep
thinking 2. meditation.
ic&ta /cin.ta/ <ci~.ta> fem. .worry.
cIk8u& /cik.ВЇu~/ <ci.k\.ВЇu~> adj. .1. sticky
2. greasy.
cImXvu& /ci.m\Г†.vu~/ <ci.m\.Г†\.vu~> v.tr.
.1. to pinch 2. to twist.
cIrI /ci.ri/ <cii.rii> fem. .a slice of fruit
or pickle.
cIro /ci.ro/ <cii.ro> masc. .1. a cut 2. a
long piece of cloth.
cIv4 /ci.v\Л‡/ <cii.v\.Л‡\> fem. .care.
cIs /cis/ <cii.s\> fem. .a scream.
cI&9ru& /ci~tЛ™.ru~/ <cii.th\.ru~> neut. .a arg.
cIkI /ci.ki/ <cii.kii> fem. .a kind of
sweet.
cI&9rehal /cithЛ™.re.hal/ <cii.th\.re.ha.l\>
adj. 1. dressed in rags 2. extremely poor.
cIku /ci.ku/ <cii.ku> neut. .1. a tree 2. a
fruit of the cIku tree.
cI&0vu& /ci~dЛ™.vu~/ <ci~.dh\.vu~> v.tr. .to
point with a finger.
60
cUkado /cu.ka.do/ <cuu.ka.do> masc. .a
judgment.
cu6el /cu.ГЋel/ <cu.ГЋe.l\> fem. .a kind of
female ghost.
cup /cup/ <cuu.p\> adj. .quite.
cUpkIdI /cup.ki.di/ <cu.p\.kii.dii> fem.
.silence.
cUnI /cu.ni/ <cuu.nii> fem. .a nose ring.
cUmvu& /cum.vu~/ <cuu.m\.vu~> v.tr. .to
kiss.
cUlo /cu.lo/ <cuu.lo> masc. .a fire-place
for cooking.
cUvu& /cu.vu~/ <cuu.vu~> v.intr. .to ooze.
cUsvu& /cus.vu~/ <cuu.s\.vu~> v.tr. .to suck.
cUpcap /cup.cap/ <cuu.p\.ca.p\> advb.
.stealthily.
cUSt /cus.t\/ <cu.st\> adj. .1. tight 2.
staunch.
cu&gal /cuЛњ.gal/ <cu~.ga.l\> fem. .1. a
claw 2. a trap.
cu&gI /cuЛњ.gi/ <cu~.gii> fem. .a smokingpipe.
cu&bn /cum.b\n/ <cu~.b\.n\> neut. .a
kiss.
cU&k /cu~k/ <cu~.k\> fem. .stomach pain.
cU&k /cu~k/ <cuu~.k\> fem. .a nail.
cU&9vu& /cu~tЛ™.vu~/ <cuu~.th\.vu~> v.tr. .to
ransack.
cU&d6I /cu~nd.ГЋi/ <cu~.d\.ГЋii> fem. .a kind
of sari.
cekvu& /cek.vu~/ <ce.k\.vu~> v.tr. .to erase.
cetn /ce.t\n/ <ce.t\.n\> adj. .animate.
cu&maXIs /cu~.ma.Г†is/ <cu~.ma.Г†ii.s\> adj.
.forty four.
cetna /cet.na/ <ce.t\.na> fem.
.consciousness.
cu&moter /cu~.mo.ter/ <cu~.mo.te.r\> adj.
.seventy four.
cetv8I /ce.t\v.ВЇi/ <ce.t\.v\.ВЇii> fem.
.1.a warning 2. caution.
cUkvvu& /cu.k\v.vu~/ <cuu.k\.v\.vu~> v.tr.
.to make the payment.
cetvvu& /ce.t\v.vu~/ <ce.t\.v\.vu~> v.tr. .to
warn.
cUkvu& /cuk.vu~/ <cuu.k\.vu~> v.intr. .to
miss.
cetvu& /cet.vu~/ <ce.t\.vu~> v.intr. .to be
alert.
cUgvu& /cug.vu~/ <cuu.g\.vu~> v.tr. .to eat
(by birds).
cen /cen/ <ce.n\> neut. .peace.
cU6I /cu.ГЋi/ <cuu.ГЋii> fem. .a bangle.
cep /cep/ <ce.p\> masc. .infection.
61
celo /ce.lo/ <ce.lo> masc. .a male
disciple.
celI /ce.li/ <ce.lo> fem. .a female
disciple.
cev6o /cev.ГЋo/ <ce.v\.ГЋo> masc. .a food
item.
co36Iyu& /co.gЛ™\.ГЋi.ju~/ <co.gh\.ГЋio.ju~>
neut. .a unit of time divided to determine
auspicious and inauspicious period.
co4 /coˇ/ <co.ˇ\> fem. .a blow.
co4vu& /cГёЛ‡.vu~/ <co.Л‡\.vu~> v.intr. .to stick.
co6vu& /cГёГЋ.vu~/ <co.ГЋ\.vu~> v.tr. .to strike.
ceh /ceh/ <ce.h\> fem. .a funeral pyre.
cEtNy /c\i.t\n.j\/ <c\.t\.nj\> neut. .1.
life-spirit 2. the supreme being.
cotrf /co.t\.r\pЛ™/ <co.t\.r\.ph\> advb.
.on
all sides.
cE{a /c\it.r\/ <c\.tr\> masc. .the sixth
month of the Vikram year.
co{aIs /cГёt.ris/ <co.trii.s\> adj. .thirty
four.
cok /cГёk/ <co.k\> masc. .a square.
co9 /cotЛ™/ <co.th\> fem. .fouth day of
both of the fortnights of a lunar month.
cok6I /cГёk.ГЋi/ <co.k\.ГЋii> fem. .1. a
washing place in house 2. a place where
four roads
cross.
cok\ks /cok.k\s/ <co.kk\.s\> advb.
.surely.
coksI /cГёk.si/ <co.k\.sii> masc. .1. a
surname 2. a dealer in gold and silver.
co0ar /co.dЛ™ar/ <co.dha.r\> adj.
.immense (tears and rain)
copgu& /co.p\.gu~/ <co.p\.gu~> adj.
quadruped.
cop6vu& /co.p\ГЋ.vu~/ <co.p\.ГЋ\.vu~> v.tr.
.1. to lubricate 1. to grease.
cop6I /cop.ГЋi/ <co.p\.ГЋii> fem. .a book.
cokI /cГё.ki/ <co.kii> fem. .1. a police
station 2. a watch-gate.
co`a /co.kЛ™a/ <co.kha> masc. .rice.
co~`a.; /cokЛ™.kЛ™a.i/ <co.khkha.ii> adj.
.cleanliness.
co~`u& /cokЛ™.kЛ™u~/ <co.khkhu~> adj. .clean.
cogan /co.gan/ <co.ga.n\> neut. .a plain.
cop6o /cop.ГЋo/ <co.p\.ГЋo> masc. .an
account book.
copn /co.p\n/ <co.p\.n\> adj. .fifty
four.
copanIyu& /co.pa.ni.ju~/ <co.pa.nii.ju~> neut.
.a pamphlet.
comasu& /co.ma.su~/ <co.ma.su~> neut.
monsoon.
62
cor /cor/ <co.r\> masc. .a thief.
corvu& /cor.vu~/ <co.r\.vu~> v.tr. .to steal.
cors /co.r\s/ <co.r\.s\> masc. .1. a
square figure 2. a square.
cora=I /co.ra.Гџi/ <co.ra.Гџii> adj. .eighty
four.
2 /cЛ™\/ <ch\> adj. .six.
2kvu& /cЛ™\k.vu~/ <ch\.k\.vu~> v.intr. .to go
astray.
2kko /c\k.ko/ <ch\.kko> masc. .the six
in a suit of playing cards.
corI /co.ri/ <co.rii> fem. .a theft.
22u&dr /cЛ™\.cЛ™un.d\r/ <ch\.chu~.d\.r\>
neut. .a mole.
corI /cГё.ri/ <co.rii> fem. .a square
structure where marriage ritaul is
performed.
24kvu& /cЛ™\.Л‡\k.vu~/ <ch\.Л‡\.k\.vu~> v.intr.
.1. to slip away 2. to escape.
coro /cГё.ro/ <co.ro> masc. .a public
meeting
place in villages.
covIs /co.vis/ <co.vii.s\> adj. .twenty
four.
cos5 /co.s\Л‡Л™/ <co.s\.Л‡h\> adj. .sixty
four.
coslu& /cos.lu~/ <co.s\.lu~> neut. .a thick
block or slice.
coXvu& /coÆ.vu~/ <co.Æ\.vu~> v.tr. .to rub.
coXa /co.Г†a/ <co.Г†a> masc. .a kind of
pulse.
coXI /co.Æi/ <co.Æii> fem. a woman’s
bodies.
co&kvu& /co~k.vu~/ <co.k\.vu~> v.intr. .to be
startled.
cOd /c\ud/ <c\u.d\> adj. .fourteen.
2
24ku& /cЛ™\Л‡.ku~/ <ch\.Л‡\.k\.vu~> neut. .a
trap.
25 /cЛ™\Л‡Л™/ <ch\.Л‡h\> fem. .sixth day of
the fortnight of the Hindu month.
26vu& /cЛ™\ГЋ.vu~/ <ch\.ГЋ\.vu~> v.tr. .to
thrash.
26a /cЛ™\.ГЋa/ <ch\.ГЋa> masc. .anklets.
28kvu& /cЛ™\.ВЇ\k.vu~/ <ch\.ВЇ\.k\.vu~>
v.intr. .to speak angrily.
28ko /cЛ™\ВЇ.ko/ <ch\.ВЇ\.ko> masc. .a
rude angry uterance.
2t /cЛ™\t/ <ch\.t\> fem. .availability.
2t /cЛ™\t/ <ch\.t\> fem. .a ceiling.
2ta& /cЛ™\.ta~/<ch\.ta~> advb. .however.
2{aI /cЛ™\t.ri/ <ch\.trii> fem. .an
umbrella.
2{aIs /cЛ™\t.ris/ <ch\.trii.s\> adj. .thirty
six.
63
2apru& /cЛ™ap.ru~/ <cha.p\.ru~> neut. .a hut.
2br6o /cЛ™\.b\r.ГЋo/ <ch\.b\.r\.ГЋo>
masc. .a fiasco.
2bI /cЛ™\.bi/ <ch\.bii> fem. .1. a picture
2. a portrait.
2m2m /cЛ™\m.cЛ™\m/ <ch\.m\.ch\.m\>
advb. .with a jingling sound.
2l&g /cЛ™\.l\Лњ.g\/ <ch\.l\~.g\> fem. .a
long leap.
2la2l /cЛ™\.la.cЛ™\l/ <ch\.la.ch\.l\> advb.
.over flowing.
2VvIs /cЛ™\v.vis/ <ch\.vvii.s\> adj.
.twenty six.
2X /cЛ™\Г†/ <ch\.Г†\> neut. .a fraud.
2&2e6vu& /cЛ™\.ncЛ™eГЋ.vu~/ <ch\~.che.ГЋ\.vu~>
v.tr. .to enrage.
2&d /cЛ™\n.d\/ <ch\~.d\> masc. .an
addiction.
2&d /cЛ™\n.d\/ <ch\~.d\> masc. .a poetic
meter.
2a8 /cЛ™aВЇ/ <cha.ВЇ\> neut. .a dung of
buffalo, cow, bullock and oxen.
2a8u& /cЛ™a.ВЇu~/ <cha.ВЇu~> neut. .a dungcake used as fuel.
2atI /cЛ™a.ti/ <cha.tii> fem. .the chest.
2anu& /cЛ™a.nu~/ <cha.nu~> adj. . secret.
2ap /cЛ™ap/ <cha.p\> fem. .1. an
impression 2. a print.
2apvu& /cЛ™ap.vu~/ <cha.p\.vu~> v.tr. .to
print.
2apu& /cЛ™a.pu~/ <cha.pu~> neut. .a
newspaper.
2ab /cЛ™ab/ <cha.b\> fem. a bamboo
basket.
2ab6I /cЛ™ab.ГЋi/ <cha.b\.ГЋii> fem. a
bamboo basket.
2aya /cЛ™a.ja/ <cha.ja> fem. .a shadow.
2al /cЛ™al/ <cha.l\> fem. .a bark.
2alk /cЛ™a.l\k/ <cha.l\> fem. .a splash.
2ala& /cЛ™a.la~/ <cha.la~> neut. pl..1. husks
2. peels.
2av8I /cЛ™av.ВЇi/ <cha.v\.ВЇii> fem. .a
camp.
2avrvu& /cЛ™a.v\r.vu~/ <cha.v\.r\.vu~> v.tr.
.to conceal.
2a= /cЛ™aГџ/ <cha.Гџ\> fem. .butter milk.
2as5 /cЛ™a.s\Л‡Л™/ <cha.s\.Л‡\> adj. .sixty
six.
2a&4o /cЛ™a~.Л‡o/ <cha~.Л‡o> masc. .a drop.
2a&6vu& /cЛ™a~ГЋ.vu~/ <cha~.ГЋ\.vu~> v.tr. .to
leave surplus food in the dining plate.
2I /cЛ™i/ <chii> fem. .excretion.
2I /cЛ™i/ <chii> advb. .an expression
showing hatred.
64
2Invvu& /cЛ™i.n\v.vu~/ <chii.n\.v\.vu~> v.tr.
.to snatch.
2e6o /cЛ™e.ГЋo/ <che.ГЋo> masc. .the end.
2Ip /cЛ™ip/ <chii.p\> fem. .a shell.
2etrpI&6I /cЛ™e.t\r.piВЇ.ГЋi/
<che.t\.r\.pi~.ГЋii> fem. .a cheating.
2U4 /c˙uˇ/ <chuu.ˇ\> fem. .1. leave 2.
speciousness.
2etrvu& /cЛ™e.t\r.vu~/ <che.t\.r\.vu~> v.tr.
.1. to cheat 2. to deceive.
2U4k /cЛ™u.t\k/ <chuu.Л‡\.k\> adj. .retail.
2etram8 /cЛ™et.ra.m\ВЇ/ <che.t\.ra.m\.ВЇ\>
fem. .cheating.
2U4k /cЛ™u.t\k/ <chuu.Л‡\.k\> advb. .by
retail.
2U42a4 /c˙uˇ.c˙aˇ/ <chuu.ˇ\.cha.ˇ\> fem.
a concession.
2U4vu& /c˙uˇ.vu~/ <chuu.ˇ\.vu~> v.intr. .1.to
be free 2. to be relieved.
2U4a2e6a /cЛ™u.Л‡a.cЛ™e.ГЋa/ <chuu.Л‡a.che.ГЋa>
masc. .a divorce.
2U4u& /cЛ™u.tu~/ <chuu.Л‡u~> adj. .free.
2Upu& /cЛ™u.pu~/ <chuu.pu~> adj. .1.
concealed 2. secret.
2U&d8u& /cЛ™u~n.d\.ВЇu~/ <chuu~.d\.ВЇu~> neut.
.tattoo.
2U&do /cЛ™u~.do/ <chu~.do> masc. .minced
pickle.
2ek /cЛ™ek/ <che.k\> advb. .entirely.
2ekvu& /cЛ™ek.vu~/ <che.k\.vu~> v.tr. .to
strike.
2etram8u& /cЛ™et.ram.ВЇu~/
<che.t\.ra.m\.ВЇu~> adj. .deceitful.
2etaXIs /cЛ™e.ta.Г†i.s/ <che.ta.Г†ii.s\> adj. .
forty six.
2ed /cЛ™ed/ <che.d\> masc. .a cut.
2edvu& /cЛ™ed.vu~/ <che.d\.vu~> v.tr. .to cut.
2eLlu& /cЛ™el.lu~/ <che.llu~> adj. .last.
2ev4e /cЛ™e.v\.Л‡e/ <che.v\.Л‡e> advb. .at
last.
2okrmt /cЛ™o.k\r.m\t/ <cho.k\.r\.m\.t\>
adj. . childish.
2okrI /cЛ™ok.ri/ <cho.k\.rii> fem. .a girl.
2okru& /cЛ™ok.ru~/ <cho.k\.ru~> neut. .a
child.
2okro /cЛ™ok.ro/ <cho.k\.ro> masc. .a
boy.
2e6tI /cЛ™eГЋ.ti/ <che.ГЋ\.tii> fem. .a prank.
2o6vu& /cЛ™oГЋ.vu~/ <cho.ГЋ\.vu~> v.tr..1. to
release 2. to free 3. to untie.
2e6vu& /cЛ™eГЋ.vu~/ <che.ГЋ\.vu~> v.tr. .to
tease.
2otru& /cЛ™ot.ru~/ <cho.t\.ru~> neut. .a peel.
65
2ol /cЛ™ol/ <cho.t\.ru~> masc. .woodscraping
2olvu& /cЛ™ol.vu~/ <cho.l\.vu~> v.tr. .1. to
scrape 2. peel.
2oter /cЛ™o.ter/ <cho.te.r\> adj. .seventysix.
j8 /Г”\ВЇ/ <Г”\ВЇ> neut. .1. an individual 2.
a person.
j8vu& /Г”\ВЇ.vu~/ <Г”\.ВЇ\.vu~> v.tr. .to give a
birth.
j8avvu& /Г”\.ВЇav.vu~/ <Г”\.ВЇa.v\.vu~> v.tr.
.to inform.
2\yasI /cЛ™ja.si/ <chja.sii> adj. .eighty-six.
jtn /Г”\.t\n/ <Г”\.ka.t\> neut. .care.
j
jNm /Г”\n.m\/ <Г”\.nm\> masc. .birth.
j /Г”\/ <Г”\> part.. emphasis marker.
jnm /Г”\.n\m/ <Г”\.n\.m\> masc. .birth.
jkat /Г”\.kat/ <Г”\.ka.t\> fem. .custom
duty.
jNmku&6XI /Г”\.nm\.kuВЇ.ГЋ\.Г†i/
<Г”\.nm\.ku~.ГЋ\.Г†ii> fem. .a horoscope.
jk\kI /Г”\k.ki/ <Г”\.kkii> adj. .stubborn.
jNm4Ip /Г”\n.m\.Л‡ip/ <Г”\.nm\.Л‡ii.p\>
fem. .a life time imprisonment.
j`m /Г”\.kЛ™\m/ <Г”\.kh\.m\> masc. .a
wound.
jgt /Г”\.g\t/ <Г”\.g\.t\> neut. .the world.
jNmaQ4mI /Г”\n.maГџ.Л‡\.mi/
<Ô\.nma.s°ˇ\.mii> fem. .Lord Krishna’s
birth day.
j6 /Г”\ГЋ/ <Г”\.ГЋ\> adj. .inanimate.
jnmojnm /Г”\n.mo.Г”\.n\m/
<Г”\.n\.mo.Г”\.n\.m\> advb. .in each
birth.
j6bato6 /Г”\ГЋ.ba.toГЋ/ <Г”\.ГЋ\.ba.to.ГЋ\>
adj. . irrefutable.
jp /Г”\p/ <Г”\.p\> masc. .1. a muttering
of a deity’s name, 2. recition.
j6bu& /Г”\ГЋ.bu~/ <Г”\.ГЋ\.bu~> neut. .the jaw.
jpvu& /Г”\p.vu~/ <Г”\.p\.vu~> v.tr. .to mutter
s deity’s name as a part of some ritual.
jGya /Г”\.gja/ <Г”\.gja> fem. .a place.
j6-rt /Г”\ГЋ.bЛ™\.r\t/ <Г”\.ГЋ\.bh\.r\.t\>
adj. stupid.
j6vu& /Г”\ГЋ.vu~/ <Г”\.ГЋ\.vu~> v.tr. .to fix
things with nails etc.
j6vu& /Г”\ГЋ.vu~/ <Г”\.ГЋ\.vu~> v.dat.. to
regain a lost thing.
jm8 /Г”\.m\ВЇ/ <Г”\.m\.ВЇ\> neut. .a
formal dinner.
jm8var /Г”\.m\ВЇ.var/ <Г”\.m\.ВЇ\.va.r\>
masc. .a formal community dinner.
jm8u& /Г”\m.ВЇu~/ <Г”\.m\.ВЇu~> adj. .right.
66
jmvu& /Г”\m.vu~/ <Г”\.m\.vu~> v.tr. .1. to
eat, 2. dine (formal).
jvab /Г”\.vab/ <Г”\.va.b\> masc. .answer.
jvu& /Г”\.vu~/ <Г”\.vu~> v.intr. .to go.
jma /Г”\.ma/ adj. .<Г”\.ma> 1. of the
credit side 2. accumulated.
j= /Г”\Гџ/ <Г”\.Гџ\> masc. .reputation.
jma; /Г”\.ma.i/ <Г”\.ma.ii> masc. .a sonin-law.
jhaj /Г”\.haГ”/ <Г”\.ha.Г”\> neut. .a large
ship.
jmat /Г”\.mat/ <Г”\.ma.t\> fem. .a body of
monks.
j&gl /Г”\Лњ.g\l/ <Г”\~.g\.l\> neut. .a forest.
jmadar /Г”\.ma.dar/ <Г”\.ma.da.r\> masc.
.a head of a small police unit.
jmano /Г”\.ma.no/ <Г”\.ma.no> masc. .an
age or era.
jmIn /Г”\.min/ <Г”\.mii.n\> fem. .land.
jr /Г”\r/ <Г”\.r\> neut. .wealth.
jr` /Г”\.r\kЛ™/ <Г”\.r\.kh\> neut. .a wild
animal.
j&tu /Г”\n.tu/ <Г”\~.tu~> neut. .an insect.
j&p /Г”\m.p\/ <Г”\~.p\> masc. ..ease 2.
peace.
jagr8 /Г”ag.r\ВЇ/ <Г”a.g\.r\.ВЇ\> neut. .1.
sleeplessness 2. a religious vow of the
women.
jagvu& /Г”ag.vu~/ <Г”a.g\.vu~> v.intr. .to
wake from sleep.
jajm /Г”a.Г”\m/ <Г”a.Г”\.m\> fem. .a carpet.
jra /Г”\.ra/ <Г”\.ra> advb. .a little.
jajru& /Г”aГ”.ru~/ <Г”a.Г”\.ru~> neut. .a latrine.
jldI ~ jLdI /Г”\l.di/ <Г”\.l\.dii> ~ <Г”\.ldii>
advb. .quickly.
jajrman /Г”a.Г”\r.man/ <Г”a.Г”\.r\.ma.n\>
adj. .glorious.
jlso /Г”\l.so/ <Г”\.l\.so> masc. .a meeting
for entertainment.
ja6a; /Г”a.ГЋai/ <Г”a.ГЋa.ii> fem. .thickness.
jlebI /Г”\.le.bi/ <Г”\.le.bii> fem. .a kind of
sweet.
jLlad /Г”\l.lad/ <Г”\.lla.d\> masc. .an
executioner.
jv /Г”\v/ <Г”\.v\> masc. .barley.
jvLle /Г”\.v\l.le/ <Г”\.v\.lle> advb. .rarely.
ja6u& /Г”a.ГЋu~/ <Г”a.ГЋu~> adj. .1. fat 2. thick.
ja8 /Г”aВЇ/ <Г”a.ВЇ\> fem. .information.
ja8vu& /Г”aВЇ.vu~/ <Г”a.ВЇ\.vu~> v.tr. .to know.
ja8Itu& /Г”a.ВЇi.tu~/ <Г”a.ВЇii.tu~> adj. .famous.
ja8e /Г”a.ВЇe/ <Г”a.ВЇe> advb. .as if.
67
jat /Г”at/ <Г”a.t\> fem. .1.a tribe 2. a caste
3. a community.
jamIn /Г”a.min/ <Г”a.mii.n\> masc. .a
surety.
jatkma; /Г”at.k\.ma.i/ <Г”a.t\.k\.ma.ii>
fem. self-earned income.
javk /Г”a.v\k/ <Г”a.v\.k\> fem. .being
dispatched.
jait /Г”a.ti/ <Г”a.ti> fem. .1. a caste 2. a
group 3. a community.
jasUs /Г”a.sus/ <Г”a.suu.s\> masc. .1. a
spy 2. a detective 3. a secret agent.
jatIy /Г”a.ti.j\/ <Г”a.tii.j\> adj. .sexual.
jaso /Г”a.so/ <Г”a.so> masc. .a threatening
letter written anonymously.
jate /Г”a.te/ <Г”a.te> advb. .personally.
ja{aa /Г”at.ra/ <Г”a.tra> fem. .a pilgrim.
jadu /Г”a.du/ <Г”a.du> masc. .a magic.
jan /Г”an/ <Г”a.n\> fem. .a marriage party
of the bridegroom.
jaher /Г”a.her/ <Г”a.he.r\> adj. .1. open 2.
public.
jaherat /Г”a.he.rat/ <Г”a.he.ra.t\> fem.
.1.an advertisement 2. a notification 3.
an announcement.
jan /Г”an/ <Г”a.n\> masc. .the jiva (life).
jaX /ÔaÆ/ <Ôa.Æ\> fem. .a net of a hunter
or a fisherman.
janmal /Г”an.mal/ <Г”a.n\.ma.l\> masc.
.life and property.
jaXv8I /Г”a.Г†\v.ВЇi/ <Г”a.Г†\.v\.ВЇii> fem.
.preservation.
janvr /Г”an.v\r/ <Г”a.n\.v\.r\> neut. .an
animal.
jaiXyu& /Г”a.Г†i.ju~/ <Г”a.Г†i.ju~> neut. .a kind of
ventilator.
janEyo /Г”a.n\i.jo/ <Г”a.n\i.jo> masc. .a
member of the bride groom’s marriage
party.
ja&3 /Г”a~Лњ.g\/ <Г”a~.gh\> fem. .the thigh.
jap /Г”ap/ <Г”a.p\> masc. .recitation.
ja&bu /Г”a~m.bu/ <Г”a~.bu> neut. .a kind of
berry.
jam /Г”am/ <Г”a.m\> masc. .a glass.
[email protected] /Г”i.Г”i.vi.Гџa/ <Г”i.Г”ii.vi.sВ°a> fem. .a
desire for life.
jamfX /Г”am.p\Г†/ <Г”a.m\.ph\.Г†\> neut. .a
guava.
ij}aasa /Г”i.gna.sa/ <Г”i.gna.sa> fem.
.curiosity.
jamvu& /Г”am.vu~/ <Г”a.m\.vu~> v.intr. .1. to
be solidify 2. to congeal 3. to get
assembled.
ijd /Г”id/ <Г”i.d\> fem. .obstinacy.
ijВҐI /Г”id.di/ <Г”i.ddii> adj. obstinate.
68
ijLlo /Г”il.lo/ <Г”i.llo> masc. .a district.
ij&dgI /Г”ind.gi/ <Г”ii~.d\.gii> fem. .life.
@v-xI /Г”iv.bЛ™\k.Гџi/ <Г”ii.v\.bh\.kshii>
adj. . carnivorous.
@vle8 /Г”iv.leВЇ/ <Г”ii.v\.le.ВЇ\> adj. .fatal.
@t /Г”it/ <Г”ii.t\> fem. .victory.
@tvu& /Г”it.vu~/ <Г”ii.t\.vu~> v.intr. .to win.
@n /Г”in/ <Г”ii.n\> neut. .a kind of ghost.
@n /Г”in/ <Г”ii.n\> neut. .a saddle.
@vvu& /Г”iv.vu~/ <Г”ii.v\.vu~> v.intr. .1. to be
alive 2. to exist.
@vs4os4 /Г”iv.s\.Л‡o.s\Л‡/
<Г”ii.v\.s\.Л‡o.s\.Л‡\> advb. .at the risk of
the life.
@- /Г”i.bЛ™/ <Г”ii.bh\> fem. .the tongue.
@va8u& /Г”i.va.ВЇu~/ <Г”ii.va.ВЇu~> masc. .a
bacterium.
@-ajo6I /Г”i.bЛ™a.Г”o.ГЋi/ <Г”ii.bha.Г”o.ГЋii>
fem. .a quarrel.
@vat /Г”i.vat/ <Г”ii.va.t\> fem. .insects.
@rvvu& /Г”i.r\v.vu~/ <Г”ii.r\.v\.vu~> v.tr. .to
digest.
@vaTma /Г”i.vat.ma/ <Г”ii.va.tma> masc.
.embodied soul.
@ru& /Г”i.ru~/ <Г”ii.ru~> neut. .cumin seed.
jugl /Г”u.g\l/ <Г”u.g\.l\> neut. .1. a pair
2. a couplet.
@v /Г”iv/ <Г”ii.v\> masc. .embodied soul.
@vj&tu& /Г”iv.Г”\n.tu~/ <Г”ii.v\.Г”\~.tu~> neut.
.insects.
@v6u& /Г”iv.ГЋu~/ <Г”ii.v\.ГЋu~> neut. .a small
insect.
jugar /Г”u.gar/ <Г”u.ga.r\> masc.
.gambling.
jugarI /Г”u.ga.ri/ <Г”u.ga.rii> masc. .a
gambler.
@vtr /Г”iv.t\r/ <Г”ii.v\.t\.r\> neut. .life.
juguPsa /Г”u.gup.sa/ <Г”u.gu.psa> fem.
.nausea.
@vtu& /Г”iv.tu~/ <Г”ii.v\.tu~> adj. .living.
ju5\5u /Ôuˇ˙.ˇ˙u~/ <Ôu.ˇhˇhu~> adj. .lie.
@vdya /Г”iv.d\.ja/ <Г”ii.va.d\.ja> fem.
.kindness to all living beings.
juda; /Г”u.da.i/ <Г”u.da.ii> fem.
.separation.
@vn /Г”i.v\n/ <Г”ii.v\.n\> neut. .life.
ju\du& /Г”u.du~/ <Г”u.du~> adj. .separate.
@vncir{a /Г”i.v\n.c\.rit.r\/
<Г”ii.v\.n\.c\.ri.tr\> neut. .biography.
junva8I /Г”un.va.ni/ <Г”u.n\.va.ВЇii> adj.
.orthodox.
69
jubanI /Г”u.ba.ni/ <Г”u.ba.nii> fem. .oral
testimony.
jev6u& /Г”ev.ГЋu~/ <Г”e.v\.ГЋu~> adj. .as large
as.
jumlo /Г”um.lo/ <Г”u.m\.lo> masc. .total
Ex. total runs in criket.
jevu& /Г”e.vu~/ <Г”e.vu~> adj. .similar.
julab /Г”u.lab/ <Г”u.la.b\> masc.. laxative.
juvar /Г”u.var/ <Г”u.va.r\> fem. .a kind of
corn.
jehad /Г”e.had/ <Г”e.ha.d\> fem. .a
crusade.
jEn /Г”ain/ <Г”\i.n\> masc. .a Jain.
jEn /Г”\in/ <Г”\i.n\> masc. .Jain religion.
juSso /Г”us.so/ <Г”u.sso> masc. .energy.
jU /Г”u/ <Г”uu> fem. .a louse.
jEn /Г”\in/ <Г”\i.n\> adj. .pertaining to
Jain
religion.
jU; /Г”u.i/ <Г”u.ii> fem. .a kind of flower
plant.
jo /Г”o/ <Г”o> advb. .1. if 2. provided that.
jU5 /Ôuˇ˙/ <Ôu.ˇh\> neut. .a lie.
jo;Гќ /Г”oi-/ <Г”o.ii> v.dat.. to need. (the
only verb in Gujarati which does not
have infinitive -vu)& .
jU5u& /Г”u.Л‡Л™u~/ <Г”u.Л‡hu~> adj. .untrue.
jo`m /Г”o.kЛ™\m/ <Г”o.kh\.m\> neut. .risk.
jU5u& /Г”u.Л‡Л™u~/ <Г”hu.Л‡hu~> adj. .the left out
food.
jo`mavu& /Г”o.kЛ™\.ma.vu~/ <Г”o.kh\.ma.vu~>
v.intr. .to be at risk.
jU9 /Г”utЛ™/ <Г”uu.th\> neut. .a group.
jo`vu& /Г”okЛ™.vu~/ <Г”o.kh\.vu~> v.tr. .to
weigh.
jUj /Г”uГ”/ <Г”uu.Г”\> adj. .little.
jUnu& /Г”u.nu~/ <Г”uu.nu~> adj. .old.
je5 /Ôeˇ˙/ <Ôe.ˇh\> masc. .the eight month
of Vikram samvat.
je5 /Ôeˇ˙/ <Ôe.ˇh\> masc. .the husband’s
elder brother.
jogva; /Г”og.va.i/ <Г”o.g\.va.ii> fem.
.provision.
joganu&jog /Г”o.ga.nu~.Г”og/ <Г”o.ga.nu.Г”o.g\>
advb. . incidentally.
jogI /Г”o.gi/ <Г”o.gii> masc. .a sadhu.
je5a8I /Г”e.Л‡Л™a.ВЇi/ <Г”e.Л‡ha.ВЇii> fem. .the
husband’s elder brother’s wife.
jo6 /Г”oГЋ/ <Г”o.ГЋ\> fem. .a pair.
jel /Г”el/ <Г”e.l\> fem. .jail.
jo68I /Г”oГЋ.ВЇi/ <Г”o.ГЋ\.ВЇii> fem. .spelling.
70
jo68Iko= /Г”oГЋ.ВЇi.koГџ/ <Г”o.ГЋ\.ВЇii.ko.Гџ\>
masc. . spelling dictionary.
zgmgvu& /Г”Л™\g.m\g.vu~/
<Г”h\.g\.m\.g\.vu~> v.intr. to glitter.
jo6vu& /Г”oГЋ.vu~/ <Г”o.ГЋ\.vu~> v.tr. .1. to
connect 2. to join.
zgmga4 /Ô˙\g.m\.gaˇ/ <Ôh\.g\.m\.ga.ˇ\>
masc. . glaring light.
jo6axr /Г”o.ГЋa.kГџ\r/ <Г”o.ГЋa.kГџ\.r\> masc.
.a conjunct consonant.
z36a`or /Г”Л™\g.ГЋa.kЛ™or/
<Г”h\.g\.ГЋa.kho.r\> adj. . quarrelsome.
jo6ajo6 /Г”o.ГЋa.Г”oГЋ/ <Г”o.ГЋa.Г”o.ГЋ\> advb.
.side by side.
z36az36I /Г”Л™\g.ГЋa.Г”Л™\g.ГЋi/
<Г”h\.g\.ГЋa.Г”h\.g\.ГЋii> fem. quarreling.
jo6a8 /Г”o.ГЋaВЇ/ <Г”o.ГЋa.ВЇ\> neut. .1. a
connection 2. a joint.
jo6Iyu& /Г”o.ГЋi.ju~/ <Г”o.ГЋii.ju~> adj. .twin.
jo6I /Г”o.ГЋi/ <Г”o.ГЋii> fem. .a pair.
jo6o /Г”o.ГЋo/ <Г”o.ГЋo> masc. .a shoe.
jor /Г”or/ <Г”o.r\> neut. .strength.
jovu& /Г”o.vu~/ <Г”o.vu~> v.tr. .to look.
jyar9I /Г”jar.tЛ™i/ <Г”ja.r\.thii> advb. .since.
jyare /Г”ja.re/ <Г”ja.re> advb. .when.
jya& /Г”ja~/ <Г”ja~> advb. .where.
jyot /Г”jot/ <Г”jo.t\> fem. .a flame.
z36o /Г”Л™\g.ГЋo/ <Г”h\.gh\.ГЋo> masc. .a
quarrel.
zzUmvu& /Г”Л™\.Г”Л™um.vu~/ <Г”h\.Г”huu.m\.vu~>
v.intr. .1. to hand over 2. to struggle on.
z4 /Г”Л™\Л‡/ <Г”h\.Л‡\> advb. .quickly.
z4kvu& /Г”Л™\.Л‡\k.vu~/ <Г”h\.Л‡\.k\.vu~> v.tr.
.to jerk.
z4ko /Г”Л™\Л‡.ko/ <Г”\.Л‡\.ko> masc. .a sharp
blow.
z4p4 /Г”Л™\Л‡.p\Л‡/ <Г”h\.Л‡\.p\.Л‡\> advb.
.hurriedly.
z6tI /Г”Л™\ГЋ.ti/ <Г”h\.ГЋ\.tii> fem. .a
confiscation.
z6p /Г”Л™\.ГЋ\p/ <Г”h\.ГЋ\.p\> fem. .speed.
jyoitqI /Г”jo.ti.Гџi/ <Г”jo.ti.sВ°ii> masc. .an
astrologer.
jvaXamu`I /Г”va.Г†a.mu.kЛ™i/
<Г”va.Г†a.mu.khii> masc. .a volcano.
z
z6pvu& /Г”Л™\.ГЋ\p.vu~/ <Г”h\.ГЋ\.p\.vu~> v.tr.
.to seize.
z6pI /Г”Л™\ГЋ.pi/ <Г”h\.ГЋ\.pii> adj. .speedy.
z8z8 /Г”Л™\ВЇ.Г”Л™\ВЇ/ <Г”h\.ВЇ\.Г”h\.ВЇ\>
masc. .a tinkling sound.
71
zpazpI /Г”Л™\.pa.Г”Л™\.pi/ <Г”h\.pa.Г”h\.pii>
fem. .a scuffle.
zXzXIya& /Г”Л™\Г†.Г”Л™\Г†.i.ja~/ <Г”h\.Г†\.Г”h\.Г†ii.ja~>
neut. pl.. tears welled up in the eyes.
zbkvu& /Г”Л™\.b\k.vu~/ <Г”h\.b\.k\.vu~>
v.intr. .1. to flash 2.to twinkle.
zXu&zXu& /Г”Л™\.Г†u~.Г”Л™.Г†u~/ <Г”h\.Г†u~.Г”h\.Г†u~> neut.
.twilight.
zbkaro /Г”Л™\b.ka.ro/ <Г”h\.b\.ka.ro> masc.
.a flash of light.
zXhXvu& /Г”Л™\Г†.h\Г†.vu~/ <Г”h\.Г†\.h\.Г†\.vu~>
v.intr. .to shine brightly.
zbkoXvu& /Ô˙\b.koÆ.vu~/ <Ôh\.b\.ko.Æ\.vu~>
v.tr. .to soak in a liquid.
z&`na /Г”Л™\Лњ.kЛ™\.na/ <Г”h\~.kh\.na> fem.
.an intense desire.
zbUkvu& /Г”Л™\.buk.vu~/ <Г”h\.buu.k\.vu~>
v.intr.
1. to flash 2. to twinkle.
z&`vavu& /Г”Л™\ЛњkЛ™.va.vu~/ <Г”h\~.kh\.va.vu~>
v.intr. .to be crestfallen.
z-lu& /Г”Л™\.bЛ™lu~/ <Г”h\.bh\.lu~> neut. .a
child’s frock.
z_-o /Г”Л™\.bЛ™bЛ™o/ <Г”h\.bhbho> masc. .a
long loose gown.
zmvu& /Г”Л™\m.vu~/ <Г”h\.m\.vu~> v.intr. .to
ooze.
zr8u& /Г”Л™\r.ВЇu~/ neut. .1. a stream 2. a
rivulet.
zrmr /Г”Л™\r.m\r/ <Г”\.r\.m\.r\> advb. .a
type of slow rain.
zrvu& /Г”Л™\r.vu~/ <Г”h\.r\.vu~> v.intr. .to
dribble.
z&`vu& /Г”Л™\ЛњkЛ™.vu~/ <Г”h\~.kh\.vu~> v.tr. .to
desire something eagerly.
z&z4 /Г”Л™\Вµ.Г”Л™\Л‡/ <Г”h\~.Г”h\.Л‡\> fem.
.useless discussion.
z&zavat /Г”Л™\Вµ.Г”Л™a.vat/ <Г”h\~.Г”ha.va.t\>
masc. .a cyclone.
z&6o /Г”\.ВЇГЋo/ <Г”h\~.ГЋo> masc. .a flag.
z&plavvu& /Г”Л™\mp.lav.vu~/
<Г”h\~.p\.la.v\.vu~> v.intr. .to start some
work without considering risk factors.
zakX /Г”Л™a.k\ВЃ/ <Г”ha.k\.Г†\> fem. .dew.
zazu& /Г”Л™a.Г”Л™u~/ <Г”ha.Г”hu~> adj. .plentiful.
zru`o /Г”Л™\.ru.kЛ™o/ <Г”h\.ru.kho> masc. .a
balcony.
za4kvu& /Г”Л™a.Л‡\k.vu~/ <Г”ha.Л‡\.k\.vu~> v.tr.
.1. to winnow 2. to scold.
zro /Г”Л™\.ro/ <Г”h\.ro> masc. .a stream.
za6 /Г”Л™aГЋ/ <Г”ha.ГЋ\> neut. .a tree.
zverat /Г”Л™\.ve.rat/ neut. .jewelry.
za6vu& /Г”Л™aГЋ.vu~/ <Г”ha.ГЋ\.vu~> v.tr. .to
clean by sweeping.
zXkvu& /Г”Л™\.Г†\k.vu~/ <Г”h\.Г†\.k\.vu~> v.intr.
.to shine.
72
za6I /Г”Л™a.ГЋi/ <Г”ha.ГЋii> fem. .a dense
bush.
za6u& /Г”Л™a.ГЋu~/ <Г”ha.ГЋu~> neut. .a broom.
za6o /Г”Л™a.ГЋo/ <Г”ha.ГЋo> masc. .excretion.
zap4vu& /Г”Л™a.p\Л‡.vu~/ <Г”ha.p\.Л‡.vu~> v.tr. .to
clean by striking a piece of cloth.
zap4vu& /Г”Л™a.p\Л‡.vu~/ <Г”ha.p\.Л‡\.vu~> v.tr.
.to eat speedily.
zap4u& /Г”Л™ap.Л‡u~/ <Г”ha.p\.Л‡u~> neut. .a
sudden rain that comes for a short time.
zIlvu& /Г”Л™il.vu~/ <Г”ii.l\.vu~> v.tr. .to catch.
zUkvu& /Г”Л™uk.vu~/ <Г”huu.k\.vu~> v.intr. .to
bow.
zUzvu& /Г”Л™uГ”Л™.vu~/ <Г”huu.Г”h\.vu~> v.intr. .to
fight desperately.
zU&4vvu& /Г”Л™u~.Л‡\v.vu~/ <Г”hu~.Л‡\.v\.vu~> v.tr.
.to snatch.
zU6vu& /Г”Л™uГЋ.vu~/ <Г”huu.ГЋ\.vu~> v.tr. .to
thrash.
zU6I /Г”Л™u.ГЋi/ <Г”huu.ГЋii> fem. .a small
bunch or bundle.
zar8 /Г”Л™a.r\ВЇ/ <Г”ha.r\.ВЇ\> neut. .solder.
zarvu& /Г”Л™ar.vu~/ <Г”ha.r\.vu~> v.tr. .to
solder.
zalr /Г”Л™a.l\r/ <Г”ha.l\.r\> masc. .a kind
of pulse.
zalvu& /Г”Л™al.vu~/ <Г”ha.l\.vu~> v.tr. .to hold
with hands.
zaX /Ô˙aÆ/ <Ôha.Æ\> fem. .a flame (of
fire).
za&`ru& /Г”Л™a~kЛ™.ru~/ <Г”a~.kh\.ru~> neut. .a
thorny shrub.
za&zr /Г”Л™a~.Г”\r/ <Г”ha~.Г”h\.r\> neut. .a
jingling anklet.
zU6o /Г”Л™u.ГЋo/ <Г”uu.ГЋo> masc. .a big
bunch or bundle.
zu&be= /Г”Л™um.beГџ/ <Г”hu~.be.Гџ\> fem. .a
movement.
zUmvu& /Г”Л™um.vu~/ <Г”uu.m].vu~> v.intr. .to
hand over.
zUrvu& /Г”Л™ur.vu~/ <Г”huu.r\.vu~> v.intr. .to
grieve for some thing or some person.
zUlvu& /Г”Л™ul.vu~/ <Г”uu.l\.vu~> v.intr. .to
swing.
zulavvu& /Г”Л™u.lav.vu~/ <Г”hu.la.v\.vu~> v.tr.
.1. to swing 2. to rock.
zU&p6u& /Г”Л™u~p.ГЋu~/ <Г”hu~.p\.ГЋu~> neut. .a hut.
za&zrI /Г”Л™a~Г”Л™.ri/ <Г”ha~.Г”h\.rii> fem. .a
jingling anklet for children.
zer /Г”Л™er/ <Г”he.r\> neut. .poison.
za&po /Г”Л™a~.po/ <Г”ha~.po> masc. .a gate.
zerI /Г”Л™e.ri/ <Г”he.rii> adj. .poisonous.
zI8u& /Г”Л™i.ВЇu~/ <Г”hii.ВЇu~> adj. .small (in
size).
zerIlu& /Г”Л™e.ri.lu~/ <Г”he.rii.lu~> adj.
.1.jealous 2. envious.
73
zokvu& /Г”Л™ok.vu~/ <Г”ho.k\.vu~> v.intr. .to
doze.
zoku& /Г”Л™o.ku~/ <Г”ho.ku~> neut. .a dozing.
4
4kvu& /Л‡\k.vu~/ <Л‡\.k\.vu~> v.intr. .1. to
survive 2. to last.
4kaw /Л‡\.ka.u/ <Л‡\.ka.u> adj. ..durable 2.
lasting.
4kavarI /Л‡\.ka.va.ri/ <Л‡\.ka.va.rii> fem.
.percentage.
4cko /Л‡\c.ko/ <Л‡\.c\.ko> masc. .a mild
stroke to cut a piece of wood.
4clI /Л‡\c.li/ <Л‡\.c\.lii> fem. .the last
finger.
4cUk6u& /Л‡\.cuk.ГЋu~/ <Л‡\.cuu.k\.ГЋu~> adj.
.very small.
44ar /Л‡\.Л‡ar/ <Л‡\.Л‡a.r\> adj. .stiff.
44\4u /Л‡\Л‡.Л‡u/ <Л‡\.Л‡Л‡u> neut. .1. a pony 2. a
lean horse.
4pkvu& /Л‡\.p\k.vu~/ <Л‡\.p\.k\.vu~> v.intr.
.to drip.
4ko /Л‡\.ko/ <Л‡\.ko> masc. .percentage.
4pkavvu& /t\p.kav.vu~/ <Л‡\.p\.ka.v\.vu~>
v.tr. 1. to write down briefly 2. to copy
out.
4kor /Л‡\.kor/ <Л‡\.ko.r\> fem. .1. a
suggestion, 2. a mild scolding.
4pku& /Л‡\p.ku~/ <Л‡\.p\.ku~> neut. .1. a drop
2. a dot.
4korvu& /Л‡\.kor.vu~/ <Л‡\.ko.r\.vu~> v.tr. .1.
to suggest 2. to scold mildly.
4p4p /Л‡\p.Л‡\p/ <Л‡\.p\.Л‡\.p\> advb. .to
prattle.
4k\kr /Л‡\k.k\r/ <Л‡\.kk\.r\> fem. .1. a
collision 2. a resistance.
4p/lI /Л‡\p.li/ <Л‡\.p\.lii> fem. .1. a light
stroke with a finger 2. a light slap.
4ko /t\.ko/ <Л‡\.ko> masc. .a shaved off
head.
4po4p /Л‡\.po.Л‡\p/ <Л‡\.po.Л‡\.p\> advb.
.one by one.
4gr 4gr /Л‡\.g\r Л‡\.g\r/
<Л‡\.g\.r\.Л‡\.g\.r\> advb. . with a fixed
gaze.
4pa4pI /Л‡\.pa.Л‡\.pi/ <Л‡\.pa.Л‡\.pii> fem. .a
hot exchange of words.
4gumgu /Л‡\.gu.m\.gu/ <Л‡\.gu.m\.gu>
advb. .1. shaking 2. shaking.
4ckavvu& /Л‡\c.kav.vu~/ <Л‡\.c\.ka.v\.vu~>
v.tr. .to cut with a stroke.
4parvu& /Л‡\.par.vu~/ <Л‡\.pa.r\.vu~> v.tr. .to
warn in a mild language.
4pal /Л‡\.pal/ <Л‡\.pa.l\> fem. .1. post 2.
mail.
4palI /Л‡\.pa.li/ <Л‡\.pa.lii> masc. .a
postman.
74
4bUk6u& /Л‡\.buk.ГЋu~/ <Л‡\.bu.k\.ГЋu~> adj. .a
very small.
4mkvu& /Л‡\.m\k.vu~/ <Л‡\.m\.k\.vu~> v.intr.
.to twinkle slowly.
4hU&ko /Л‡\.hu~.ko/ <Л‡\.huu~.ko> masc. .a
bird’s cooing.
4a&kI /Л‡a~.ki/ <Л‡a~.kii> fem. .a tank (of some
liquid).
4a&ko /Л‡a~.ko/ <Л‡a~.ko> masc. .a stitch.
4a&g /Л‡a~Лњg/ <Л‡a~.g\> fem. .a leg
(derogatory use).
4a&gvu& /Л‡a~Лњg.vu~/ <Л‡a~.g\.vu> v.tr. .to hang.
4XvXvu& /Л‡\Г†.v\Г†.vu~/ <Л‡\.Г†\.v\.Г†\.vu~>
v.intr. .to wail.
4a&c8 /Л‡a~.c\ВЇ/ <Л‡a~.c\.ВЇ\> neut. .a short
note.
4Xvu& /Л‡\Г†.vu~/ <Л‡\.Г†\.vu~> v.intr. .to be
removed.
4a&i4yo /Л‡a~.Л‡i.jo/ <Л‡a~.Л‡i.jo> masc. .a leg
(derogatory).
4&k=aX /t\˜.k\.ßaÆ/ <ˇ\~.k\.ßa.Æ\> fem. .a
mint.
i4cavu& /Л‡i.ca.vu~/ <Л‡i.ca.vu~> v.intr. .1.to be
collided 2. to run errands vainly.
4&4o /Л‡\ВЇ.Л‡o/ <Л‡\~.Л‡o> masc. .a quarrel.
i44o6I /Л‡i.Л‡o.ГЋi/ <Л‡i.Л‡o.ГЋii> fem. .a kind of
bird.
4a7 /Л‡aГЋЛ™/ <Л‡a.ГЋh\> fem. .cold.
4a7u& /Л‡a.ГЋЛ™u~/ <Л‡a.ГЋhu~> adj. .1. cold 2.
stale.
i4Pp8I /Л‡ip.p\.ВЇi/ <Л‡i.pp\.ВЇii> fem. .a
commentary.
4Ik6I /Л‡ik.ГЋi/ <Л‡i.k\.ГЋii> fem. .a pill.
4a8u& /Л‡a.ВЇu~/ <Л‡a.ВЇu~> neut. .occasion.
4Ika /Л‡i.ka/ <Л‡ii.ka> fem. .criticism.
4ap4Ip /Л‡ap.Л‡ip/ <Л‡a.p\.Л‡ii.p\> fem. .an
external pomp.
4I`X /Л‡i.kЛ™\ВЃ/ <Л‡ii.kh\.Г†\> neut. .a quip.
4apu /Л‡a.pu/ <Л‡a.pu> masc. .an island.
4Icvu& /Л‡ic.vu~/ <Л‡ii.c\.vu~> v.tr. .to forge.
4al /Л‡al/ <Л‡a.l\> fem. .baldness.
4Ipvu& /Л‡ip.vu~/ <Л‡ii.p\.vu~> v.tr. .to strike.
4aXvu& /ˇaÆ.vu~/ <ˇa.Æ\.vu~> v.tr. .1. to avoid
2. to avert.
4Ipu& /Л‡i.pu~/ <Л‡ii.pu~> neut. .a drop.
4a&k8I /Л‡a~k.ВЇi/ <Л‡a~.k\.ВЇii> fem. .a pin.
4Il6I /Л‡il.ГЋi/ <Л‡ii.l\.ГЋii> fem. .a small
mark on the forehead.
4a&kvu& /Л‡a~k.vu~/ <Л‡a~.k\.vu~> v.tr. .to chisel.
4IlI /Л‡i.li/ <Л‡i.li> fem. .a blot of disgrace.
75
4I&6oru& /Л‡iВЇ.ГЋo.ru~/ <Л‡i.ГЋo.ru~> neut. .a kind
of vegetable.
4oc /Л‡oc/ <Л‡o.c\> fem. .1. a peak 2. a top
part.
4uk6I /Л‡uk.ГЋi/ <Л‡uu.k\.ГЋii> fem. .a team.
4ocvu& /Л‡oc.vu~/ <Л‡o.c\.vu~> v.tr. .to prick.
4uk6o /Л‡uk.ГЋo/ <Л‡u.k\.ГЋo> masc. .a piece.
4oplI /Л‡op.li/ <Л‡o.p\.lii> fem. .a small
basket.
4Ucko /Л‡uc.ko/ <Л‡u.c\.ko> masc. .1. a
black art 2. a joke.
4oplo /Л‡op.lo/ <Л‡o.p\.lo> masc. .a big
basket.
4uval /Л‡u.val/ <Л‡u.vo> masc. .a towel.
4opI /Л‡o.pi/ <Л‡o.pii> fem. .a cap.
4U&kavvu& /Л‡u~.kav.vu~/ <Л‡u~.ka.v\.vu~> v.tr. .1.
to shorten 2. to abridge.
4U&pvu& /Л‡u~p.vu~/ <Л‡u~.p\.vu~> v.tr. .to
remove grass.
4opo /Л‡o.po/ <Л‡o.po> masc. .a hat.
4oXkI /ˇoÆ.ki/ <ˇo.Æ\.kii> fem. .a gang.
4oXI /Л‡o.Г†i/ <Л‡o.Г†ii> fem. .a small group.
4U&po /Л‡u~.po/ <Л‡u~.po.> masc. .a strangling.
4oXu& /Л‡o.Г†u~/ <Л‡o.Г†u~> neut. .a crowd.
4ekrI /Л‡ek.ri/ <Л‡e.k\.rii> fem. .a hill.
4ekvvu& /Л‡e.k\v.vu~/ <Л‡e.k\v.vu~> v.tr. .to
prop.
4ekvu& /Л‡ek.vu~/ <Л‡e.k\.vu~> v.intr. .1. to
lean on 2. to be propped.
4eko /Л‡e.ko/ <Л‡e.ko> masc. .1. a support 2.
a prop.
4ervu& /Л‡er.vu~/ <Л‡e.r\.vu~> neut. .a tip (of
finger).
5
5g /Л‡Л™\g/ <Л‡h\.g\> masc. . a cheat.
5gvu& /Л‡Л™\g.vu~/ <Л‡h\.g\.vu~> v.tr. .to
cheat.
5ga; /Л‡Л™\.ga.i/ <Л‡h\.ga.ii> fem. .cheating.
5garu& /Л‡Л™\.ga.ru~/ <Л‡h\.ga.ru~> adj.
deceitful.
4ev /Л‡ev/ <Л‡e.v]> fem. .a habit.
4evavu& /Л‡e.va.vu~/ <Л‡e.va.vu~> v.intr. .to be
acquainted with.
4okvu& /Л‡ok.vu~/ <Л‡\.ko.vu~> v.tr. .to blame
a person for his or her fault.
5p/ko /Л‡Л™\p.ko/ <Л‡h\.p\.ko> masc. .a
scolding.
5rvu& /Л‡Л™\r.vu~/ <Л‡h\.r\.vu~> v.intr. .to
become cold.
5rvu& /Л‡Л™\r.vu~/ <Л‡h\.r\.vu~> v.intr. .to be
stabilized.
76
5rav /Л‡Л™\.rav/ <Л‡h\.r\.vu~> masc. .1.a
proposal 2. a resolution.
5alvvu& /Л‡Л™a.l\v.vu~/ <Л‡ha.l\.v\.vu~> v.tr.
.to empty.
5alu& /Л‡Л™a.lu~/ <Л‡ha.lu~> adj. empty.
5ravvu& /Л‡Л™\.rav.vu~/ <Л‡h\.ra.v\.vu~>
v.tr..1. to fix 2. to decide.
5rel /Л‡Л™\.rel/ <Л‡h\.re.l\> adj. .1.coolminded 2. wise.
5lvavu& /Л‡Л™\l.va.vu~/ <Л‡h\.l\.va.vu~> v.intr.
.to be emptied.
5svu& /Л‡Л™\s.vu~/ <Л‡h\.s\.vu~> v.intr. .to be
convinced.
5so5s /Л‡Л™\.so.Л‡Л™\s/ <Л‡h\.so.th\.s\> advb.
full to the mouth.
5iXyo /Л‡Л™\.Г†i.jo/ <Л‡h\.Г†i.jo> masc. .the
stone of a fruit.
5&6k /Л‡Л™\ВЇ.ГЋ\k/ <Л‡h\~.ГЋ\.k\> fem.
.coldness.
5&6I /Л‡Л™\ВЇ.ГЋi/ <Л‡h\~.ГЋii> fem. .cold.
5&6u& /tЛ™\ВЇ.ГЋu~/ <Л‡h\~.ГЋu~> adj. .cold.
5akor /Л‡Л™a.kor/ <Л‡ha.ko.r\> masc. .a
community.
[email protected] /Л‡Л™a.kor.Г”i/ <Л‡ha.ko.r\.Г”ii> masc.
.a name of Lord Vishnu.
5a5 /ˇ˙aˇ˙/ <ˇha.ˇh\> masc. .pomp.
5a56I /ˇ˙aˇ˙.Îi/ <ˇha.ˇh\.Îii> fem. .a
funeral bier.
5arvu& /Л‡Л™ar.vu~/ <Л‡ha.r\.vu~> v.tr. .1. to
cool 2. to freeze 3. to pacify.
5avku& /Л‡Л™av.ku~/ <Л‡ha.v\.ku~> adj. .1.
serious 2. cool-minded.
5a&svu& /Л‡Л™a~s.vu~/ <Л‡ha~.s\.vu~> v.tr. .to fill
closely.
5Ik /Л‡Л™ik/ <Л‡hii.k\> advb. .1. o.k. 2.
suitable.
5I&gravu& /Л‡Л™iЛњg.ra.vu~/ <Л‡hi~.g\.ra.vu~>
v.intr. .to suffer heavy cold.
5U&5vavu& /Л‡Л™u~Л‡Л™.va.vu~/ <Л‡hu~.Л‡h\.va.vu~>
v.intr. .to be troubled by heavy cold.
5U&5u& /Л‡Л™u~.Л‡Л™u~/ <Л‡hu~.Л‡hu~> neut. .1. the
stump of a tree 2. a stump of cigarette
etc.
5ek6I /Л‡Л™ek.ГЋi/ <Л‡he.k\.ГЋii> fem.
.mockery.
5ek5eka8e /Л‡Л™ek.Л‡Л™e.ka.ВЇe/
<Л‡he.k\.Л‡he.ka.ВЇe> advb. . everywhere.
5ek6o /Л‡Л™ek.ГЋo/ <Л‡he.k\.ГЋo> masc. .a
jump.
5ekvu& /Л‡Л™ek.vu~/ <Л‡he.k\.vu~> v.intr. .to
jump or peap over.
5eka8u& /tЛ™e.ka.ВЇu~/ <Л‡he.ka.ВЇu~> neut. .1.an
address 2. a place 3. a location.
5er 5er /Л‡Л™er.Л‡Л™er/ <Л‡he.r\.Л‡he.r\> advb.
everywhere.
77
5ervvu& /Л‡Л™e.r\v.vu~/ <Л‡he.r\.v\.vu~> v.intr.
.to fix the price.
6gvu& /ГЋ\g.vu~/ <ГЋ\.g\.vu~> v.intr. .to
become unstable.
5elvu& /Л‡Л™el.vu~/ <Л‡he.l\.vu~> v.tr. .to puch
forward.
6gXu& /ГЋ\g.Г†u~/ <ГЋ\.g\.Г†u~> neut. .1. a big
slice of fruit 2. a piece of wood.
5elo /Л‡Л™e.lo/ <Л‡he.lo> masc. .a puch.
63avu& /ГЋ\.gЛ™a.vu~/ <ГЋ\.gha.vu~> v.intr. .to
be stunned.
5e= /Л‡Л™eГџ/ <Л‡he.Гџ\> fem. .a light kick.
64\4o /ГЋ\Л‡.Л‡o/ <ГЋ\.Л‡Л‡o> masc. .a cork.
5okr /Л‡Л™o.k\r/ <Л‡ho.k\.r\> fem. .a
stumbling.
5okvu& /Л‡Л™ok.vu~/ <Л‡ho.k\.vu~> v.tr. .1. to
strike against 2. to hammer.
5ok&5ok /Л‡Л™o.k\m.Л‡Л™ok/ <Л‡ho.k\~.Л‡ho.k\>
advb.
an act of striking repeatedly.
5o5 /ˇ˙oˇ˙/ <ˇho.ˇh\> adj. stupid.
5o&so /Л‡Л™o~.so/ <Л‡ha~.so> masc. .a fist blow.
6
68kvu& /ГЋ\.ВЇ\k.vu~/ <ГЋ\.ВЇ\.k\.vu~> v.intr.
.to roar.
6f8u& /ГЋ\pЛ™.ВЇu~/ <ГЋ\.ph\.ВЇu~> neut. .a
short thick staff.
6blu& /ГЋ\b.lu~/ <ГЋ\.b\.lu~> neut. .a tin
box.
6bI /ГЋ\.bi/ <ГЋ\.bii> fem. .a small
metalic, wooden or ivory box.
6bo /ГЋ\.bo/ <ГЋ\.bo> masc. .a large tinbox.
6`o /ГЋ\.kЛ™o/ <ГЋ\.kho> masc. .1.
confusion 2. a dispute 3. a quauurel.
6mro /ГЋ\m.ro/ <ГЋ\.m.ro> masc. .a kind
of fragrant plant.
6gmg /ГЋ\g.m\g/ <ГЋ\.g\.m\.g\> adj.
unstable.
6r /ГЋ\r/ <ГЋ\.r\> masc. .fear.
6gmgvu& /ГЋ\g.m\g.vu~/ <ГЋ\.g\.m\.g\.vu~>
v.intr. .to become unstable.
6glu& /ГЋ\g.lu~/ <ГЋ\.g\.lu~> neut. .a jacket.
6glu& /ГЋ\g.lu~/ <ГЋ\.g\.lu~> neut. .a
footstep.
6glo /ГЋ\g.lo/ <ГЋ\.g\.lo> masc. .a coat.
6rpok /ГЋ\r.pok/ adj. . craven.
6rvu& /ГЋ\r.vu~/ <ГЋ\.r\.vu~> v.intr. .to fear.
6ram8u& /ГЋ\.ra.m\.ВЇu~/ <ГЋ\.ra.m\.ВЇu~>
adj. . frightening.
6svu& /ГЋ\s.vu~/ <ГЋ\.s\.vu~> v.tr. .to bite
(of serpent etc).
6hap8 /ГЋ\.ha.p\ВЇ/ <ГЋ\.ha.p\.ВЇ\> neut.
wisdom.
78
6hoXvu& /Î\.hoÆ.vu~/ <Î\.ho.Æ\.vu~> v.tr.
.to dirty liquid by shaking.
6hoXu& /ГЋ\.ho.Г†u~/ <ГЋ\.ho.Г†u~> adj. .dirty
(water).
6&` /ГЋ\ВЇ.kЛ™\/ <ГЋ\~.kh\> masc. .a sting.
6&`vu& /ГЋ\ЛњkЛ™.vu~/ <ГЋ\~.kh\.vu~> v.intr. .to
sting.
6&`Ilu& /ГЋ\ВЇ.kЛ™i.lu~/ <ГЋ\~.khii.lu~> adj.
vindictive.
6&fa= /ГЋ\m.pЛ™aГџ/ <ГЋ\~.pha.Гџ\> fem.
boastfulness.
6ak8 /ГЋa.k\ВЇ/ <ГЋa.k\.ВЇ\> fem. .a witch.
6am /ГЋam/ <ГЋa.m\> masc. .a burn given
as a part of a ritual or a custom.
6amvu& /ГЋam.vu~/ <ГЋa.m\.vu~> v.tr. .to
give a burn as a part of a ritual or a
custom.
6ama6oX /Îa.ma.ÎoÆ/ <Îa.ma.Îo.Æ\> adj.
.1. unsteady 2. chaotic.
6aX /ÎaÆ/ <Îa.Æ\> fem. .a branch of a
tree.
6a&`XI /ГЋГё~kЛ™.Г†i/ <ГЋa~.kh\.Г†ii> fem. .1. a
tender offshoot 2. a thin branch.
6a&gr /ГЋa~.g\r/ <ГЋa~.g\.r\> fem. .peddy.
6a&6 /ГЋa~ГЋ/ <ГЋa~.ГЋ\> adj. .1. shameless 2.
bullying.
6aku /ГЋa.ku/ <ГЋa.ku> masc. .robber.
6a3 /ГЋagЛ™/ <ГЋa.gh\> masc. .1. a blot 2. a
stain 3. a spot.
6a&i6yo /ГЋa~.ГЋi.jo/ <ГЋa~..jo> masc. .1. a
drumstick 2. a small stick used to play a
Raas - a kind of collective dance.
6ai3yu& /ГЋa.gЛ™i.ju~/ <ГЋa.ghi.ju~> adj. .wild
(usually used to modify a dog.).
6a&6I /ГЋa~ВЇ.ГЋi/ <ГЋa~.ГЋii> fem. .a small thin
stick.
6a3u& /ГЋa.gЛ™u/ <ГЋa.ghu~> masc. pl..a
member of a funeral procession.
6uk\kr /ГЋuk.k\r/ <ГЋu.kk\.r\> neut. .a
pig.
6a3o /ГЋa.gЛ™o/ <ГЋa.gho> masc. .a spot.
6U&gr /ГЋuЛњ.g\r/ <ГЋuu~.g\.r\> masc. .a
small mountain.
6acu& /ГЋa.cu~/ <ГЋa.cu~> neut. .the mouth
(derogatory).
6abu& /ГЋa.bu~/ <ГЋa.bu~> adj. .left.
6aberI /ГЋa.be.ri/ <ГЋa.be.rii> adj. .leftist.
6abo6I /ГЋa.bo.ГЋi/ <ГЋa.bo.ГЋii> adj. .lefthanded.
6&ugraX /Îu˜g.raÆ/ <Îuu~.g\.ra.Æ\> adj.
mountainous.
6u&grI /ГЋuЛњg.ri/ <ГЋu~.g\.rii> fem. .a hill.
6u&gXI /ГЋuЛњg.Г†i/ <ГЋu~.g\.Г†ii> fem. .an
onion.
6Uco /ГЋu.co/ <ГЋuu.co> masc. .a roll of
rags or papers.
79
6UbkI /ГЋub.ki/ <ГЋuu.b\.kii> fem. .a dive.
7glo /ГЋЛ™\g.lo/ <ГЋh\.g\.lo> masc. .1. a
pile 2. a heap.
6Ubvu& /ГЋub.vu~/ <ГЋu.b\.vu~> v.intr. .1. to
sink 2. to drown.
7glab&0 /ГЋЛ™\g.la.b\ndЛ™/
<ГЋh\.g\.la.b\~.dh\> adj. . abundant.
6Umo /ГЋu.mo/ <ГЋu.mo> masc.
.suffocation caused by sobbing.
7cupcu /ГЋЛ™\.cu.p\.cu/ <ГЋh\.cu.p\.chu>
advb. .1. wavering 2. hesitating.
6Usku& /ГЋus.ku~/ <ГЋu.s\.ku~> neut. .a sob.
7b /ГЋЛ™\b/ <ГЋh\.b\> fem. .1.a style 2. a
method.
6U&4I /ГЋu~.Л‡i/ <ГЋuu~.Л‡ii> fem. .the navel.
6U&6U& /ГЋuВЇ.ГЋu~/ <ГЋuu~.ГЋuu~> neut. .an ear
of corn.
7s6vu& /ГЋЛ™\.s\ГЋ.vu~/ <ГЋh\.s\.ГЋ\.vu~> v.tr.
.to drag.
6ok /ГЋok/ <ГЋo.k\> fem. .the neck.
7Xvu& /ГЋЛ™\ВЃ.vu~/ <ГЋh\.Г†\.vu~> v.intr. .1. to
come out (of liquid) 2. to incline.
6oikyu& /ГЋo.ki.ju~/ <ГЋo.ki.ju~> neut. .a
glance.
7&kavu& /ГЋЛ™\Лњ.ka.vu~/ <ГЋh\~.ka.vu~> v.intr.
.to be covered.
6oku& /ГЋo.ku~/ <ГЋo.ku~> neut. .the head.
7&g /ГЋЛ™\Лњg/ <ГЋh\~.g\> masc. .manners.
6o6o /ГЋo.ГЋo/ <ГЋo.ГЋo> masc. .a spike of
maize.
7&7ero /ГЋЛ™\ВЇ.ГЋЛ™e.ro/ <ГЋh\~.ГЋhe.ro> masc.
proclamation.
6obu& /ГЋo.bu~/ <ГЋo.bu~> neut. .a buffalo.
7&7oXvu& /Î˙\¯.Î˙oÆ.vu~/ <Îh\~.Îho.Æ\.vu~>
v.tr. to shake soneone to awake him or
her.
6obu& /ГЋo.bu~/ <ГЋo.bu~> adj. 1.dull 2.
stupid.
6ol /ГЋol/ <ГЋo.l\> fem. .a bucket.
6olvu& /ГЋol.vu~/ <ГЋo.l\.vu~> v.intr. .1. to
swing 2. to oscillate.
7ak7oX /Î˙ak.Î˙oÆ/ <Îha.k\.Îho.Æ\>
masc. outward appearance.
7al /ГЋЛ™al/ <ГЋha.l\> fem. .a shield.
7aX /Î˙aÆ/ <Îha.l\> masc. .a slpoe.
6o=I /ГЋo.Гџi/ <ГЋo.Гџii> fem. .an old woman.
6oXo /ГЋo.Г†o/ <ГЋo.Г†o> masc. .the eyeball.
7
7aXvu& /Î˙aÆ.vu~/ <Îha.Æ\.vu~> v.tr. .1.to
lower 2. to let incline downwards 3. to
mould with a die.
7a&k8 /ГЋЛ™a~.k\ВЇ/ <ГЋha~.k\.ВЇ\> neut. .a
cover.
80
t
7a&k8u& /ГЋЛ™a~k.ВЇu~/ <ГЋha~.k\.ВЇu~> neut. .a
cover.
tk /t\k/ <t\.k\> fem. .opportunity.
7a&kvu& /ГЋЛ™a~k.vu~/ <ГЋha.k\.vu~> v.tr. .1. to
cover 2. to shut with a lid.
tktkvu& /t\k.t\k.vu~/ <t\.k\.t\.k\.vu~>
v.intr. to glitter.
7Il /ГЋЛ™il/ <ГЋhii.l\> fem. .a delay.
tkrar /t\k.rar/ <t\.k\.ra.r\> fem. .a
quarrel.
7Ilu& /ГЋЛ™i.lu~/ <ГЋhii.lu~> adj. .loose.
7I&glI /ГЋЛ™iЛњg.li/ <ГЋhii~.g\.lii> fem. .a doll.
7I&c8 /ГЋЛ™i~.c\ВЇ/ <ГЋhii~.c\.ВЇ\> masc.
.knee.
7I&cvu& /ГЋЛ™i~c.vu~/ <ГЋhii~.c\.vu~> v.tr. .to
drink excessively.
7ebru& /ГЋЛ™eb.ru~/ <ГЋhe.b\.ru~> neut. .a food
item.
7okXI /ГЋЛ™ok.Г†i/ <ГЋho.k\.Г†ii> fem. .a food
item.
7okXu& /ГЋЛ™ok.Г†u~/ <ГЋho.k\.Г†u~> neut. .a
food item.
7or /ГЋЛ™or/ <ГЋho.r\> neut. .cattle.
7ol /ГЋЛ™ol/ <ГЋho.Г†\> masc. .a kind of
drum.
7olI /ГЋЛ™o.li/ <ГЋho.lii> masc. .a drummer.
7oX /Î˙oÆ/ <Îho.Æ\> masc. .metalplating.
7oXvu& /Î˙oÆ.vu~/ <Îho.Æ\.vu~> v.tr. .to
spill.
7o&g /ГЋЛ™Гё~Лњ.g\/ <ГЋho~.g\> masc. .1.false
show 2. disguise.
tkladI /t\k.la.di/ <t\.k\.la.dii> adj.
.fragile.
tklIf /t\k.lipЛ™/ <t\.k\.lii.ph\> fem.
trouble.
tkIyo /t\.ki.jo/ <t\.kii.jo> masc. .a
pillow.
tkedarI /t\.ke.da.ri/ <t\.ke.da.rii> fem. .a
watch.
t`to /t\kЛ™.to/ <t\.kh\.to> masc. .the
stage.
tg6o /t\g.ГЋo/ <t\.g\.ГЋo> masc. .the
figure 3.
tgtgvu& /t\g.t\g.vu~/ <t\.g\.t\.g\.vu~>
v.intr. to glitter.
tgaru& /t\.ga.ru~/ <t\.ga.ru~> neut. .a broad
mouthed bucket.
tge6vu& /t\.geГЋ.vu~/ <t\.ge.ГЋ\.vu~> v.tr. .to
cause to run away.
tj /t\Г”/ <t\.Г”\> masc. .cinnamon.
tjvIj /t\Г”.viГ”/ <t\.Г”\.vii.Г”\> fem.
.planning.
tjvu& /t\Г”.vu~/ <t\.Г”\.vu~> v.tr. .to
renounce.
81
tj}a /t\.Г”\.gn\/ <t\.Г”\.gn\> adj. .expert.
t4 /t\Л‡/ <t\.Л‡\> masc. .a shore.
t4S9 /t\.Л‡\s.tЛ™\/ <t\.Л‡\.sth\> adj.
.neutral.
t6 /t\ГЋ/ <t\.ГЋ\> fem. .a crack.
t6 /t\ГЋ/ <t\.ГЋ\> neut. .a subdivision of
a caste.
t6ko /t\ГЋ.ko/ <t\.ГЋ\.ko> masc.
.sunshine.
t6ko2a&y6o /Л‡\ГЋ.ko.cЛ™a~j.ГЋo/
<t\.ГЋ\.ko.cha~.j\.ГЋo> masc. .a cycle of
happiness and unhappiness.
t6kI.2a&y6I /Л‡\ГЋ.ki.cЛ™a~j.ГЋi/
<t\.ГЋ\.kii.cha~.j\.ГЋii> fem. ..a cycle of
happiness and unhappiness.
t6f6 /t\ГЋ.pЛ™\ГЋ/ <t\.ГЋ\.ph\.ГЋ\> advb.
instantly.
t6f6vu& /t\ГЋ.pЛ™\ГЋ.vu~/ <t\.ГЋ\.ph\.ГЋ\.vu~>
v.intr. .to struggle hard hopelessly.
t6amar /t\.ГЋa.mar/ <t\.ГЋa.ma.r\> advb.
nonstop.
t8`lu& /t\.ВЇ\.kЛ™\.lu~/ <t\.ВЇ\.kh\.lu~>
neut. .a straw.
t8`o /t\ВЇ.kЛ™o/ <t\.ВЇ\.kho> masc. .a
spark.
t8avu& /t\.ВЇa.vu~/ <t\.ВЇa.vu~> v.intr. .to be
dragged.
ttkal /t\t.kal/ <t\.t\.ka.l\> advb. .at
once.
tt6avvu& /t\t.ГЋav.vu~/ <t\.t\.ГЋa.v\.vu~>
v.tr. to rebuke.
t]v /t\t.v\/ <t\.tv\> neut. .an element.
t]v}aan /t\t.v\.gna.n\/ <t\.tv\.gna.n\>
neut. .philosphy.
t]v}aanI /t\t.v\.gna.ni/ <t\.tv\.gna.nii>
masc. .a philosopher.
t9a /t\.tЛ™a/ <t\.tha> conj.. and.
t9aip /t\.tЛ™a.pi/ <t\.tha.pi> advb. .even
then.
tdupra&t /t\.dup.ra~t/ <t\.d\.u.p\.ra~.t\>
advb. .1. in addition 2. moreover.
tn /t\n/ <t\.n\> neut. .the body
(human).
tp`Ir /t\p.kЛ™ir/ <t\.p\.khii.r\> fem.
.snuff.
tpvu& /t\p.vu~/ <t\.p\.vu~> v.intr. .1. to be
heated 2. to become angry.
tpas /t\.pas/ <t\.pa.s\> fem. .1.an
examination 2. a check up 3. an
investigation.
tpasvu& /t\.pas.vu~/ <t\.pa.s\.vu~> v.tr. .1.
to examine 2. to investigate.
tpelI /t\.pe.li/ <t\.pe.lii> fem. .a
cooking vessel.
tf6&cI /t\pЛ™.ГЋ\Вµ.ci/ <t\.ph\.ГЋ\~.cii> fem.
1. misappropriation 2. theft 3.
plagiarism.
82
tf6avvu& /t\pЛ™.ГЋav.vu~/ <t\.ph\.ГЋa.v\.vu~>
v.tr. .1. to misappropriate 2. to steal 3. to
plagiarize.
tfavt /t\.pЛ™a.v\t/ <t\.pha.v\.t\> masc.
.difference.
tbk\ko /t\.b\k.ko/ <t\.b\.kko> masc. .a
stage (in development).
tibyt /t\.bi.j\t/ <t\.bi.j\.t\> fem.
.health.
tbIb /t\.bib/ <t\.bii.b\> masc. .a
doctor.
tbelo /t\.be.lo/ <t\.be.lo> masc. .a
stable.
tmru& /t\m.ru~/ <t\.m\.ru~> neut. .cricket
(insect).
tm&co /t\.m\Вµ.co/ <t\.m\~.co> masc. .a
country made pistol.
tmaku& /t\.ma.ku~/ <t\.ma.ku~> fem.
.tobacco.
tmaco /t\.ma.co/ <t\.ma.co> masc. .a
slap.
tmam /t\.mam/ <t\.ma.m\> adj. .all.
tmaru& /t\.ma.ru~/ <t\.ma.ru~> adj. .yours.
tma=o /t\.ma.Гџo/ <t\.ma.Гџo> masc. .a
public show.
tme /t\.me/ <t\.me> pron.. you.
tr2o6vu& /t\r.cЛ™oГЋ.vu~/ <t\.r\.cho.ГЋ\.vu~>
v.tr. to renounce.
trt /t\.r\t/ <t\.r\.t\> advb. .. 1. at once
2. promptly.
trfe8 /t\r.pЛ™eВЇ/ <t\.r\.phe.ВЇ\> fem.
.partiality.
trvra4 /t\r.v\.raˇ/ <t\.r\.v\.ra.ˇ\>
masc. .intense zeal.
trvu& /t\r.vu~/ <t\.r\.vu~> v.intr. .to swim.
trvu& /t\r.vu~/ <t\.r\.vu~> v.intr. .to float.
tr&g /t\.r\Лњ.g\/ masc. . <t\.r\~.g\> 1. a
ripple 2. imagination.
tr&gI /t\.r\Лњ.gi/ <t\.r\~.gi> adj.
.whimsical.
trap /t\.rap/ <t\.ra.p\> fem. .a sudden
attack.
trIke /t\.ri.ke/ <t\.rii.ke> advb. .in the
manner of.
tru8 /t\.ruВЇ/ <t\.ru.ВЇ\> masc. .young.
tkR /t\r.k\/ <t\.rk\> masc. .1. an
inference 2. a hypothesis.
tkR=aS{a /t\r.k\.Гџas.tr\/ <t\.rk\.Гџa.str\>
neut. .logic.
tl /t\l/ <t\.l\> masc. .sesame.
tlp /t\.l\p/ <t\.l\.p\> fem. .a frenzied
desire.
tlpvu& /t\.l\p.vu~/ <t\.l\.p\.vu~> v.intr.
.to desire something or someone
intensely.
83
tlvar /t\l.var/ <t\.l\.va.r\> fem. .a
sward.
<ta.g\.ГЋ\.dhi.nna> masc. .to spend
money carelessly.
tlsa&kXI /t\l.sa~k.Г†i/ <t\.l\.sa~.k\.Г†ii> fem.
.a kind of sweet made of sesame.
tagvu& /tag.vu~/ <ta.g\.vu~> v.intr. .to
estimate.
tvarI` /t\.va.rikЛ™/ <t\.va.rii.kh\> fem.
.a chronicle.
taj /taГ”/ <ta.Г”\> masc. .a crown.
tsvIr /t\s.vir/ <t\.s\.vii.r\> fem. .a
photograph.
tajaklm /ta.Г”a.k\.l\m/ <ta.Г”a.k\.l\.m\>
fem. a postscript.
taju /ta.Г”u/ <ta.Г”u> adj. .fresh.
tXpdu& /t\Г†.p\.du~/ <t\.Г†\.p\.du~> adj. .1.
regional 2. local.
tXvu& /t\Г†.vu~/ <t\.Г†\.vu~> v.tr. .to fry.
tajetrma& /ta.Г”e.t\r.ma~/ <ta.Г”e.t\.r\.ma~>
advb. .recently.
tXa; /t\.Г†a.i/ <t\.Г†a.ii> fem. .a mattress.
ta8 /taВЇ/ <ta.ВЇ\> fem. .1. scarcity 2.
shortage.
t&tu /t\n.tu/ <t\~.tu> masc. .a fiber.
ta8 /taВґ/ <ta.ВЇ\> fem. .a muscle strain.
t&{a /t\n.tr\/ <t\~.tr\> neut. .1.
management 2. administration.
ta8vu& /taВЇ.vu~/ <ta.ВЇ\.vu~> v.tr. .1. to
stretch 2. to drag.
t&{aI /t\n.tri/ <t\~.trii> masc. .editor.
taTkailk /tat.ka.lik/ <ta.tka.li.k\> advb.
immediately.
t&durSt /t\n.du.r\st/ <t\~.du.r\.st\> adj.
healthy.
t&durStI /t\.ndu.r\s.ti/ <t\.du.r\.stii>
fem. health.
t&bU /t\m.bu/ <t\~.bu> masc. .a tent.
t&bUro /t\m.bu.ro/ <t\~.buu.ro> masc. .a
kind of musical instrument.
takvu& /tak.vu~/ <ta.k\.vu~> v.tr. .1. to aim
at 2. to take a target.
takat /ta.kat/ <ta.ka.t\> fem. .strength.
tag6i0NNaa /ta.g\ГЋ.dЛ™in.na/
tai]vk /tat.tvik/ <ta.tvi.k\> adj.
philosophical.
tap /tap/ <ta.p\> masc. .sunshine (refers
to the heat and not the light).
tap8u& /tap.ВЇu~/ <ta.p\.ВЇu~> neut. .a
bonfire.
tapvu& /tap.vu~/ <ta.p\.vu~> v.intr. .to
warm up by sitting beside a fire place.
tab6tob /ta.b\ГЋ.tob/ <ta.b\.ГЋ\.to.b\>
advb. at once.
84
tar /tar/ masc. . <ta.r\> 1. a fiber 2. a
string 3. a thread.
ta&i{ak /ta~.trik/ <ta~.tri.k\> adj. .pertaining
to occultism.
tar /tar/ <ta.r\> masc. .a telegram.
ta&i{ak /ta~.trik/ <ta~.tri.k\> masc. .an
occultist.
tarvvu& /ta.r\v.vu~/ <ta.r\.v\.vu~> v.tr. .1.
to summarize 2. to prepare a balancesheet.
ta&bu& /ta~.bu~/ <ta~.bu~> neut. .copper.
taraj /ta.raГ”/ <ta.ra.Г”\> adj. .ruined.
itjorI /ti.Г”o.ri/ <ti.Г”o.rii> fem. .1. a safe
2. a wardrobe.
tarI` /ta.rikЛ™/ <ta.rii.kh\> fem. .a date.
iti9 /ti.tЛ™i/ <ti.thi> fem. .a date according
to Hindu calander.
taru& /ta.ru~/ <ta.ru~> adj. .your (sing).
taro /ta.ro/ <ta.ro> masc. .a star.
taikRk /tar.kik/ <ta.rki.k\> adj. .logical.
talavelI /ta.la.ve.li/ <ta.la.ve.lii> fem. .a
strong facination.
talIm /ta.lim/ <ta.lii.m\> fem. .training.
taluko /ta.lu.ko/ <ta.lu.ko> masc. .a subdistrict.
tav /tav/ <ta.v\> masc. .fever.
tavvu& /tav.vu~/ <ta.v\.vu~> v.tr. .to purify
a thing by heating.
tavIj /ta.viГ”/ <ta.vii.Г”\> neut. .1.
talisman 2. an amulet.
taXvu& /taÆ.vu~/ <ta.Æ\.vu~> neut. .the
palate.
taXI /ta.Г†i/ <ta.Г†ii> fem. .a clapping.
ta&t8o /ta~t.ВЇo/ <ta~.t\.ВЇo> masc. .1.a
sting 2. a fiber 3. a thread.
itrSkar /ti.r\s.kar/ <ti.r\.ska.r\> masc.
.hatred.
itlk /ti.l\k/ <ti.l\.k\> neut. .an
auspicious mark on the forehead.
tI`u& /ti.kЛ™u~/ <tii.khu~> adj. .1. hot 2.
acrid 3. bitter.
tI6 /tiГЋ/ <tii.ГЋ\> neut. .a locust.
tI8u& /ti.ВЇu~/ <tii.ВЇu~> adj. .sharp.
tItI3o6o /ti.ti.gЛ™o.ГЋo/ <tii.tii.gho.ГЋo>
masc. a grasshopper.
tIr /tir/ <tii.r\> neut. .an arrow.
tI9Rya{aa /tirtЛ™.ja.tra/ <tii.rth\.ja.tra> fem.
.a pilgrimage.
tI9RS9an /tirtЛ™.stЛ™an/ <ti.rth\.stha.n\>
neut. a pilgrimage place.
tIv/ /ti.vr\/ <tii.vr\> adj. .1. intense 2.
actuate.
tuC2 /tuc.cЛ™\/ <tu.cch\> adj.
.insignificant.
85
tuma`I /tu.ma.kЛ™i/ <tu.ma.khii> fem.
.hot-tempered.
te6vu& /teГЋ.vu~/ <te.ГЋ\.vu~> v.tr. .1.to invite
2. to carry a child.
te6u& /te.ГЋu~/ <te.ГЋu~> neut. .an invitation.
turt /tu.r\t/ <tu.r\.t\> advb. .at once.
tulna /tul.na/ <tu.l\.na> fem. .a
comparison.
te8I /te.ВЇi/ <te.ВЇii> pron.. she. (mainly
in legal language)
tula /tu.la/ <tu.la> fem. .Libra.
tetalIs /te.ta.lis/ <te.ta.lii.s\> adj. .forty
three.
tuver /tu.ver/ <tu.ve.r\> fem. .a kind of
pulse.
te{aIs /te.tris/ <te.trii.s\> adj. .33 (thirty
three).
tu& /tu~/ <tu~> pron.. you (singular).
te9I /te.Л‡Л™i/ <t\.thii> advb. .1. therefore
2. so 3. hense.
tU4vu& /tuˇ.vu~/ <tu.ˇ\.vu~> v.intr. .to be
destroyed.
tem /tem/ <te.m\> advb. .in that manner.
tUt /tut/ <tu.t\> neut. .1. a lie 2. a hoax.
ter /ter/ <te.r\> adj. .thirteen,
tUtk /tu.t\k/ <tuu.t\.k\> neut. .a deck.
termu& /ter.mu~/ <te.r\.mu~> adj.
.thirteenth.
tUru& /tu.ru~/ <tu.ru~> adj. .astringent.
te /te/ <te> pron.. Third person singular
pronoun (He, She, It).
tej /teГ”/ <te.Г”\> adj. .1. speedy 2. intense
3. sharp-edued 4. active.
tej /teГ”/ <te.Г”\> neut. .light.
tejSvI /te.Г”\.svi/ <te.Г”\.svii> adj.
1.brilliant 2. shining.
tejab /te.Г”ab/ <te.Г”a.bii> masc. .acid.
termu& /ter.mu~/ <te.r\.mu~> neut. .the
religious ritual performed on the 13th day
after a person’s death.
ter= /te.r\Гџ/ <te.r\.Гџ\> fem. .thirteenth
day of a bright or dark fortnight of the
Hindu calendar.
tel /tel/ <te.l\> neut. .oil.
te&talIs /tВґ~.ta.lis/ <te.ta.lii.s\> adj. .forty
three.
[email protected] /te.Г”i/ <te.Г”ii> fem. .good business.
te&s5 /tВґ~.s\Л‡Л™/ <te~.s\.Л‡h\> adj. .sixty
three.
te4lu& /teˇ.lu~/ <te.ˇ\.lu~> adj. .of a certain
proportion.
tEyar /t\i.jar/ <t\i.ja.r\> adj. .ready to
use.
86
tEyarI /t\i.ja.ri/ <t\i.ja.rii> fem.
.readiness.
tolo /to.lo/ <to.lo> masc. .an unit of
weight.
to /to/ <to> advb. .1.then 2. in that case.
toXvu& /toÆ.vu~/ <to.l\.vu~> v.tr. .to weigh.
to26a; /tocЛ™.ГЋai/ <to.ch\.ГЋa.ii> fem.
rudeness.
Tyjvu& /tj\Г”.vu~/ <tj\.Г”\.vu~> v.tr. .to
abandon.
to26u& /tocЛ™.ГЋu~/ <to.ch\.ГЋu~> adj. .blunt.
Tyag /tja.g\/ <tja.g\> masc.
.renunciation.
to4o /to.Л‡o/ <to.Л‡o> masc. .shortage.
to6 /toГЋ/ <to.ГЋ\> masc. .1. a settlement
2. a compromise.
to6vu& /toГЋ.vu~/ <to.ГЋ\.vu~> v.tr. .1. to
break 2. to pluck.
tot6u& /tot.ГЋu~/ <to.t\.ГЋu~> neut.
.stammering.
toit&g /to.tiЛњ.g\/ <to.ti~.g\> adj. .huge.
Tyagvu& /tjag.vu~/ <tja.g\.vu~> v.tr. .to
renounce.
TyagI /tja.gi/ <tja.gii> adj. .one who has
renounced material comforts.
TyagI /tja.gi/ <tja.gii> masc. .an ascetic.
Tyare /tja.re/ <tja.re> advb. .1. at taht time
2. then.
Tya=I /tja.Гџi/ <tja.Гџii> adj. .eighty three.
toter /to.ter/ <to.te.r\> adj. .seventy
three.
Tya& /tja~/ <tja~> advb. .there.
top /top/ <to.p\> fem. .a cannon.
{a8 /tr\ВЇ/ <tr\.ВЇ\> adj. .three.
to p8 /to p\ВЇ/ <to p\.ВЇ\> advb. .even
then.
{aa4kvu& /tra.Л‡\k.vu~/ <tra.Л‡\.k\.vu~> v.intr.
.to raid or attack suddenly.
tofan /to.pЛ™an/ <to.pha.n\> neut. .1.riot
2. disturbance.
{aa6 /traГЋ/ <tra.ГЋ\> fem. .a roar.
{aa8u& /tra.ВЇu~/ <tra.ВЇu~> adj. .ninety three.
tofanI /to.pЛ™a.ni/ <to.pha.nii> adj.
mischievous.
tor8 /to.r\ВЇ/ <to.r\.ВЇ\> neut. .an arch
of a gate.
tol /tol/ <to.l\> masc. .1.weight 2.
value.
{aas /tras/ <tra.s\> masc. .1. terror 2.
nuisance.
{aasvad /tras.vad/ <tra.s\.va.d\> masc.
terrorism.
{aaiht /tra.hit/ <tra.hi.t\> adj. .third
party.
87
i{ako8 /tri.kГёВЇ/ <tri.ko.ГЋ\> masc. .a
triangle.
i{a-e4o /tri.bЛ™e.Л‡o/ <tri.bhe.Л‡o> masc. .a
meeting place of three roads.
i{ar&gI /tri.r\Лњ.gi/ <tri.r\~.gii> adj.
.tricolor.
{aIj /tri:Г”/ <trii.Г”\> fem. .the third day...
{aIju /tri:.Г”u/ <trii.Г”u> adj. .third.
99rvu& /tЛ™\.t\r.vu~/ <th\.th\.r\.vu~> v.intr.
.to shiver.
9ngnvu& /tЛ™\n.g\n.vu~/ <th\.n\.g\.n\.vu~>
v.intr. .to be very excited for soemthing.
9PpI /tЛ™\p.pi/ <th\.ppi> fem. .an orderly
pile or stack.
9r /tЛ™\r/ <th\.r\> masc. .1. a layer 2. a
crust.
9r9r /tЛ™\r.tЛ™\r/ <th\.r\.th\.r\> advb.
shivering manner.
{aIs /tris/ <trii.s\> adj. .thirty.
{aepn /tre.p\n/ <tre.p\.n\> adj. .53 (fifty
three).
{aevIs /tre.vis/ <tre.vii.s\> adj. .twenty
three.
{aes5 /tre.s\Л‡Л™/ <tre.s\.Л‡h\> adj. .sixty
three.
{aEmaisk /tr\i.ma.sik/ <tr\i.ma.si.k\> adj.
quarterly.
{aofvu& /tropЛ™.vu~/ <tro.ph\.vu~> v.tr. .to
tattoo.
]vca /tv\.ca/ <tv\.ca> fem. .skin.
9
96 /tЛ™\ГЋ/ <th\.ГЋ\> neut. .the trunk of a
tree.
96kvu& /tЛ™\ГЋ\k.vu~/ <th\.ГЋ\.k\.vu~> v.intr.
.1. to stammer 2. to tremble with fear.
9vu& /tЛ™\.vu~/ <th\.vu~> v.intr. .1.to be 2. to
happen 3. to occur.
9ak /tЛ™ak/ <tha.k\> masc. fatigue.
9ag69Ig6 /tЛ™a.g\ГЋ.tЛ™i.g\ГЋ/
<tha.g\.ГЋ\.thi.g\.ГЋ\> neut. .1. a
repairing 2. a patching.
9a\8u& /tЛ™a.ВЇu~/ <tha.ВЇu~> neut. .1. a center
2. a post.
9ank /tЛ™a.n\k/ <tha.n\.k\> neut. .a place
of worship.
9ap4 /tЛ™a.p\Л‡/ <tha.p\.Л‡\> fem. .a light
blow.
9ap8 /tЛ™a.p\ВЇ/ <tha.p\.ВЇ\> fem.
.capital.
9apo /tЛ™ap/ <tha.po> masc. .the hip.
9ab6vu& /tЛ™a.b\ГЋ.vu~/ <tha.b\.ГЋ\.vu~> v.tr.
.1. to pat 2. to encourage.
9aX /t˙aÆ/ <tha.Æ\> masc. .a large plate.
88
9aXI /tЛ™a.Г†i/ <tha.Г†ii> fem. .a dinner plate.
9a&-lo /tЛ™a~bЛ™.lo/ <tha~.bh\.lo> masc. .a
small pillar.
9Ig6u& /tЛ™ig.ГЋu~/ <thii.g\.ГЋu~> neut. .a
patch.
9Ijvu& /tЛ™iГ”.vu~/ <thii.Г”\.vu~> v.intr. .to be
froze.
9UlI /tЛ™u.li/ <thuu.lii> fem. .half
grounded wheat.
9Ulu& /tЛ™u.lu~/ <thuu.lu~> neut. .husks
separated from flour.
9U&k /tЛ™u~k/ <thu~.k\> neut. .1. saliva 2.
spittle.
9eplu& /tЛ™ep.lu~/ <the.p\.lu~> neut. .a kind
of bread.
9elI /tЛ™e.li/ <the.lii> fem. .a small bag.
9o-vu& /tЛ™obЛ™.vu~/ <tho.bh\.vu~> v.intr. .to
stop.
9or /tЛ™or/ <tho.r\> masc. .a throny plant.
d
dix8 /d\k.ГџiВЇ/ <d\.kГџi.ВЇ\> fem. .the
south.
dix8a /d\k.Гџi.ВЇa/ <d\.kГџi.ВЇa> fem. .alms
(given to the Brahmins).
dga`or /d\.ga.kЛ™or/ <d\.ga.kho.r\> adj.
treacherous.
dgabaj /d\.ga.baГ”/ <d\.ga.ba.Г”\> adj.
treacherous.
dga`orI /d\.ga.kЛ™o.ri/ <d\.ga.kho.rii>
fem. . treachery.
9elo /tЛ™e.lo/ <the.lo> masc. .a big bag.
[email protected] /d\.ga.ba.Г”i/ <d\.ga.ba.Г”ii> fem.
treachery.
9ok6I /tЛ™ok.ГЋi/ <tho.k\.ГЋii> fem. .a small
bundle.
dgo /d\.go/ <d\.go> masc. .treachery.
9ok6o /tЛ™ok.ГЋo/ <tho.k\.ГЋo> masc. .a big
bundle.
d6 d6 /d\ГЋ d\ГЋ/ <d\.ГЋ\.d\.ГЋ\> advb. .a
sound like that of water falling
incessantly.
9okb&0 /tЛ™ok.b\ndЛ™/ <tho.k\.b\~.dh\>
adj. wholesale.
9o6u& /tЛ™o.ГЋu~/ <tho.ГЋu~> adj. .little.
9o9vavu& /tЛ™otЛ™.va.vu~/ <tho.th\.va.vu~>
v.intr. to stammer.
9o9u& /tЛ™o.tЛ™u~/ <tho.thu~> neut. .a book
(derogatory).
d6 b6 /d\ГЋ b\ГЋ/ <d\.ГЋ\.b\.ГЋ\> advb.. a
sound like that of running of a human
being.
d6bu& /d\ГЋ.bu~/ <d\.ГЋ\.vu~> neut. .a slice
of solid food (not of a fruit).
d6o /d\.ГЋo/ <d\.ГЋo> masc. .a ball.
89
ddU6I /d\.du.ГЋi/ <d\.duu.ГЋii> fem. .a
thin current of water falling down.
dbdbo /d\b.d\.bo/ <d\.b\.d\.bo> masc.
pomp.
dba8 /d\.baВЇ/ <d\.ba.ВЇ\> neut. .1.
pressure 2. force.
dbavu& /d\.ba.vu~/ <d\.ba.vu~> v.intr. .to
be pressed.
[email protected] /d\r.Г”i/ <d\.r\.Г”ii> masc. .a tailor.
drj8 /d\r.Г”\ВЇ/ <d\.r\.Г”\.ВЇ\> fem. .1. a
tailor’s wife, 2. a woman tailor.
drjjo /d\.r\Ô.Ôo/ <d\.r\.ÔÔo> masc. .a
rank.
drd /d\.r\.d/ <d\.r\.d\> neut. .1.
disease 2. pain.
drdI /d\r.di/ <d\.r\.dii> masc. .patient
dm /d\m/ <d\.m\> masc. .asthma.
dm /d\m/ <d\.m\> masc. .stamina.
dmkvu& /d\.m\k.vu~/ <d\.m\.k\.vu~>
v.intr. to glow.
dmda4I /d\m.da.Л‡i/ <d\.m\.da.Л‡ii> fem.
.a threatening.
dmn /d\.man/ <d\.m\.n\> neut.
.tyranny.
dmam /d\.mam/ <d\.ma.m\> masc.
grandeur.
drdagIno /d\r.da.gi.no/ <d\.r\.da.gii.no>
masc. . money, ornaments, valuables etc.
together.
dpR8 /d\r.p\ВЇ/ <d\.rp\.ВЇ\> neut. .a
mirror.
drbar /d\r.bar/ <d\.r\.ba.r\> masc. .a
royal court.
drbar /d\r.bar/ <d\.r\.ba.r\> masc.
Rajput- a community.
drimyan /d\r.mi.jan/ <d\.r\.mi.ja.n\>
advb. meanwhile.
dya /d\.ja/ <d\.ja> fem. .compassion.
dr /d\r/ <d\.r\> masc. .rate.
drroj /d\r.roГ”/ <d\.r\.ro.Г”\> advb.
everyday.
dr /d\r/ <d\.r\> masc. .1. a burrow 2. a
hole.
drvajo /d\r.va.Г”o/ <d\.r\.va.Г”o> masc.
.1. a gate 2. an entrance.
drkar /d\r.kar/ <d\.r\.ka.r\> fem. .care.
drvan /d\r.van/ <d\.r\.va.n\> masc. .a
gate-keeper.
dr`aSt /d\r.kЛ™as.t\/ <d\.r\.kha.st\>
fem. proposal.
drgah /d\r.gah/ <d\.r\.ga.h\> fem. .the
tomb of a Muslim saint.
drve= /d\r.veГџ/ <d\.r\.ve.Гџ\> masc. .a
Muslim saint.
d=Rn /d\.rГџ\n/ <d\.rГџ\.n\> neut. .1.
seeing 2. viewing, 3. a form of
worshiping
90
d=Rn /d\.rГџ\n/ <d\.rГџ\.n\> neut.
philosophy.
d= /d\Гџ/ <d\.Гџ\> adj. .ten.
d=aRvvu& /d\r.Гџav.vu~/ <d\.rГџa.v\.vu~> v.tr.
1. to show 2. to suggest.
d=k /d\.Гџ\k/ <d\.Гџ\.k\> masc. .the tenth
part.
draj /d\.raГ”/ <d\.ra.Г”\> fem. .ringworm
(a skin disease).
d=m /d\.Гџ\m/ <d\.Гџ\.m\> fem. .tenth
day of the Hindu fortnight.
dirya; /d\.ri.ja.i/ <d\.ri.ja.ii> adj.
.marine.
d=/mu& /d\Гџ.mu~/ <d\.Гџ\.mu~> neut. .tenth
day after a person’s death.
diryo /d\.ri.jo/ <d\.ri.jo> masc. .the sea.
d=a /d\.Гџa/ <d\.Гџa> fem. .condition.
drek /d\.rek/ <d\.re.k\> adj. .1.each 2.
every.
d=a&= /d\.Гџa~Гџ/ <d\.Гџa~.Гџ\> adj. decimal.
dro6o /d\.ro.ГЋo/ <d\.ro.ГЋo> masc. .a
raid.
d=I /d\.Гџi/ <d\.Гџi> fem. .1. hem of a
garment 2. wick.
dlal /d\.lal/ <d\.la.l\> masc. .a broker.
d=era /d\.Гџe.ra/ <d\.Гџe.ra> masc. .the
tenth day of the bright half of the Aso
month.
dlalI /d\.la.li/ <d\.la.lii> fem.
.brokerage.
ds /d\s/ <d\.s\> adj. .10 (ten).
dilt /d\.lit/ <d\.li.t\> adj. .1. oppressed
2. down-trodden.
d=ko /d\Гџ.ko/ <d\.s\.ko> masc. a
decade.
dlIl /d\.lil/ <d\.lii.l\> fem. .an
argument.
dStavej /d\.sta.veГ”/ <d\.sta.ve.Г”\> masc.
a document.
dv /d\v/ <d\.v\> masc. .a wild-fire.
dha6o /d\.ha.ГЋo/ <d\.ha.ГЋo> masc. a
day.
dva /d\.va/ <d\.va> fem. .a medicine.
dva`anu& /d\.va.kЛ™a.nu~/ <d\.va.kha.nu~>
neut. .1. a hospital 2. a clinic.
dvadaВЈ /d\.va.da.ru~/ <d\.va.da.ru~>
neut. pl.. medicines in general.
dvapa8I /d\.va.pa.ni/ <d\.va.pa.ВЇi>
neut. medicines in general.
dhI& /d\.hi~/ <d\.hii~> neut. 1. yogurt 2.
curd.
dhI&tru& /d\.hi~.t\.ru~/ <d\.hii.t\.ru~> neut.
a food item.
dhI&v6u& /d\.hi~.v\.ГЋu~/ <d\.hi.v\.ГЋu~>
neut. a food item.
91
dhej /d\.heГ”/ <d\.he.Г”\> neut. dowry.
dhe=t /d\.he.Гџ\t/ <d\.he.Гџ\.t\> fem.
apprehension.
dXdar /d\ВЃ.dar/ <d\.Г†\.da.r\> adj. 1.
thick 2. heavy.
dXvu& /d\Г†.vu~/ <d\.Г†\.vu~> v.tr. to grind.
d&gl /d\Лњ.g\l/ <d\~.g\.l\> neut. a
quarrel.
d&6 /d\ВЇ.ГЋ\/ <d\~.ГЋ\> masc.
punishment.
d&6vu& /d\ВЇГЋ.vu~/ <d\~.ГЋ\.vu~> v.tr. to
punish.
d&tk9a /d\nt.k\.tЛ™a/ <d\.t\.k\.tha> fem.
1. a legend 2. a fable.
d&tm&jn /d\nt.m\Вµ.Г”\n/
<d\.nt\.m\~.Г”\.n\> neut. 1. toothpowder 2. tooth-paste.
d&t=UX /d\nt.ßuÆ/ <d\~.t\.ßu.Æ\> masc. an
elephant’s tusk.
da`lo /da.kЛ™.lo/ <da.kh\.lo> masc. 1.
an example 2. an illustration 3. a
mathematical problem.
dagIno /da.gi.no/ <da.gii.no> masc. an
ornament.
da3 /dagЛ™/ <da.gh\> masc. 1. a spot 2.
burning.
daz /daГ”Л™/ <da.Г”h\> fem. feeling.
dazvu& /daГ”Л™.vu~/ <da.Г”h\.vu~> v.intr. to
get burn.
da4vu& /daˇ.vu~/ <da.ˇ\.vu~> v.tr. to bury.
da6m /da.ГЋ\m/ <da.ГЋ\.m\> neut. a
pomegranate.
da7 /daГЋЛ™/ <da.ГЋh\> fem. a molar
tooth.
da7I /da.ГЋЛ™i/ <da.ГЋhii> fem. 1. the chin
2. the beard.
da8o /da.ВЇo/ <da.ВЇo> masc. a grain.
d&ptI /d\m.p\.ti/ <d\~.p\.tii> neut. a
couple (husband and wife).
dat8 /da.t\ВЇ/ <da.t\.ВЇ\> neut. a small
piece of a branch of a tree or a plant used
to clean teeth.
d&- /d\mbЛ™/ <d\~.bh\> masc.
hypocrisy.
dadr /da.d\r./ <da.d\.r\> masc. a
staircase.
d&-I /d\m.bЛ™i/ <d\~.bhii> adj.
hypocritical.
dadro/dad.ro./ <da.d\.ro> masc. a
staircase.
d&= /d\mГџ/ <d\~.Гџ\> masc. 1. a biting
(of a serpent or scorpian) 2. a sting.
dadagIrI /da.da.gi.ri/ <da.da.gii.rii>
fem. bullying.
dadI /da.di/ <da.dii> fem. grandmother.
92
dado /da.do/ <da.do> masc.
grandfather.
das /das/ <da.s\> masc. a male servant.
dan /dan/ <da.n\> neut. 1. a gift 2. a
donation.
dasI /da.si/ <da.sii> fem. a male
servant.
dant /da.n\t/ <da.n\.t\> fem.
intention.
daX /daÆ/ <da.Æ\> fem. 1. pulses
grounded into two parts 2. a food item
prepared from
such pulses.
danv /da.n\v/ <da.n\.v\> masc. a
monster.
da&t /da~t/ <da~.t\> masc. tooth.
dane=rI /da.ne.Гџ\.ri/ <da.ne.Гџ\.rii>
masc. a liberal donor.
da&ityo /da~.ti.jo/ <da~.ti.jo> masc. a comb.
dab6I /dab.ГЋi/ <da.b\.ГЋii> fem. a very
small box.
idGd=Rk /dig.d\r.Гџ\k/ <di.gd\.rГџ\.k\>
masc.
dabvu& /dab.vu~/ <da.b\.vu~> v.tr. to
press.
a director (of a film or a drama).
dayko /daj.ko/ <da.j\.ko> masc. a
decade.
day8 /da.j\ВЇ/ <da.j\.ВЇ\> fem. a midwife.
daВЈ /da.ru/ <da.ruu> masc. 1. wine 2.
liquor.
daВЈ`anu& /da.ru.kЛ™a.nu~/ <da.ruu.kha.nu~>
masc. fire-works.
daВЈi6yo /da.ru.ГЋi.jo/ <da.ru.ГЋii.jo>
masc. a drunkard.
da=Rink /da.rГџ\.nik/ <da.rГџ\.ni.k\> adj.
philosophical.
dav /dav/ <da.v\> masc. a person’s turn
in a game.
davo /da.vo/ <da.vo> masc. 11. a right
2. a claim 3. a law-suit 4. a demand.
idGmU7 /dig.muГЋЛ™/ <di.gmu.ГЋh\> adj. 1.
stunned 2. wonderstruck.
idncyaR /din.c\.rja/ <di.n\.c\.rja> fem. a
daily routine activities.
idnrat /din.rat/ <di.n\.ra.t\> advb. day
and night.
idmag /di.mag/ <di.ma.g\> neut. the
brain.
idyr /di.j\r/ <di.j\.r\> masc. a
husband’s younger brother.
idl /dil/ <di.l\> neut. the heart.
idlgIr /dil.gir/ <di.l\.gi.r\> adj.
dejected.
idlgI.rI /dil.gi.ri/ <di.l\.gii.rii> fem.
dejection.
93
idlcSp /dil.c\Гџ.p\/ <di.l\.c\.Гџp\> adj.
fascinating.
dIpavlI /di.pav.li/ <dii.pa.v\.lii> fem.
the Diwali festival.
idlcSpI /dil.c\Гџ.pi/ <di.l\.c\.Гџpii> fem.
fascination.
dI3R /dir.g\/ <dii.rgh\> adj. long.
idldar /dil.dar/ <di.l\.da.r\> adj. 1.
beloved 2. liberal.
dIvada&6I /di.va.da~.ГЋi/ <dii.va.da~.ГЋii>
fem. a light-house.
dIval /di.val/ <dii.va.l\> fem. a wall.
idlaso /di.la.so/ <di.la.so> masc.
consolation.
idvs /di.v\s/ <di.v\.s\> masc. a day.
dIvasXI /di.va.s\.Г†i/ <dii.va.s\.Г†ii> fem.
a matchstick.
dIvI /di.vi/ <dii.vii> fem. a lamp-stand.
idvaso /di.va.so/ <di.va.so> masc. a
festival.
idvaXI /di.va.Г†i/ <di.va.Г†ii> fem. the
Hindu festival on the last day of the
Hindu year.
idve4 /di.veˇ/ <di.ve.Î\> fem. a wick.
idvel /di.vel/ <di.ve.l\> neut. castor-oil.
idVy /div.j\/ <di.vj\> adj. divine.
dIkrI /dik.ri/ <dii.k\.rii> fem. a
daughter.
dIkro /dik.ro/ <dii.k\.ro> masc. a son.
dIdI /di.di/ <dii.dii> fem. elder sister.
dIn /din/ <din> adj. poor (literary).
dIvo /di.vo/ <dii.vo> masc. a lamp.
dukan /du.kan/ <du.ka.n\> fem. a shop.
dukaX /du.kaÆ/ <du.ka.Æ\> masc. a
famine.
du`vu& /dukЛ™.vu~/ <du.kh\.vu~> v.intr. 1.
to pain 2. to ache.
du`avo /du.kЛ™a.vo/ <du.kha.vo> masc.
1. pain 2. ache.
dui`yaru& /du.kЛ™i.ja.ru~/ <du.khi.ja.ru~> adj.
unhappy.
du8avu& /du.ВЇa.vu~/ <du.ВЇa.vu~> v.intr. to
be burnt (of food).
duinya /du.ni.ja/ <du.ni.ja> fem. 1. the
world 2. the universe.
dIp /dip/ <dii.p\> masc. a lamp.
dIpk /di.p\k/ <dii.p\.k\> masc. lamp.
dup4\4o /du.p\.Л‡Л‡o/ <du.p\.Л‡Л‡o> masc. a
scarf.
dIp6o /dip.ГЋo/ <dii.p\.ГЋo> masc. a
lamp.
du-agvu& /du.bЛ™ag.vu~/ <du.bha.g\.vu~>
v.tr. to divide by two.
94
du-avvu& /du.bЛ™av.vu~/ <du.bha.v\.vu~>
v.tr. to displease.
dusa)y /du.sadЛ™.j\/ <du.sa.dhj\> adj.
difficult to achieve.
du-avu& /du.bЛ™a.vu~/ <du.bha.vu~> v.intr.
to be displeased.
duzvu& /duГ”Л™.vu~/ <du.Г”h\.vu~> v.intr. to
ooze.
du-aiqyo /du.bЛ™a.Гџi.jo/ <du.bha.sВ°i.jo>
masc. an interpreter.
dU0 /dudЛ™/ <du.dh\> neut. milk.
durag/h /du.ra.gr\h/ <du.ra.gr\.h\>
masc. excessive and undue insistence.
duracr8 /du.ra.c\.r\ВЇ/ <du.ra.c\.r\.ВЇ\>
neut. immoral behavior.
dUi0ya /du.dЛ™i.ja/ <du.dhi.ja> adj. milkwhite.
dU0I /du.dЛ™i/ <du.dhii> fem. a kind of
gourd.
dUbXu& /dub.Г†u~/ <du.b\.Г†u~> adj. weak.
duracr8I /du.ra.c\.r\.ВЇi/
<du.ra.c\.r\.ВЇii> adj. a person who
behaves immorally.
dU-vvu& /du.bЛ™\v.vu~/ <du.bh\.v\.vu~>
v.tr. to afflict.
duracar /du.ra.car/ <du.ra.ca.r\> neut.
immoral behavior.
dU-avu& /du.bЛ™a.vu~/ <du.bha.vu~> v.intr.
to be afflicted.
duracarI /du.ra.ca.ri/ <du.ra.ca.rii> adj.
a person who behaves immorally.
dUr /dur/ <du.r\> adj. far away.
dugRit /dur.g\.ti/ <du.rg\.tii> fem.
spiritual degeneration.
dugR&0 /dur.g\ndЛ™/ <du.rg\~.dh\> fem.
unpleasant smell.
dubRX /dur.b\Г†/ <du.rb\.Г†\> adj. weak.
dUr/bIn /dur.bin/ <du.r\.bii.n\> neut. 1.
a telescope 2. a binocular.
В±7 /dr\ГЋЛ™/ <dr\.ГЋh\> adj. 1. firm 2.
strong.
В±iQ4 /dr\.ГџЛ‡i/ <dr\.sВ°Л‡i> fem. sight.
dulR- /dur.l\bЛ™/ <du.rl\.bh\> adj. rare.
de`re` /dekЛ™.rekЛ™/ <de.kh\.re.kh\> fem.
1. watch 2. guardianship.
duva /du.va/ <du.va> fem. blessing.
de`vu& /dekЛ™.vu~/ <de.kh\.vu~> v.tr. to see.
du+mn /duГџ.man/ <du.Гџm\.n\> masc. an
enemy.
de`ade`I /de.kЛ™a.de.kЛ™i/ <de.kha.de.khii>
fem. senseless imitation.
duЕ ` /dukЛ™/ <duЕ .kh\> neut. 1.
unhappiness 2. pain.
de`av /de.kЛ™av/ <de.kha.v\> masc.
appearance.
95
de`av6u& /de.kЛ™av.ГЋu~/ <de.kha.v\.ГЋu~>
adj. 1. attractive 2. handsome
3.beautiful.
de`avu& /de.kЛ™a.vu~/ <de.kha.vu~> v.tr. to
appear.
de`Itu& /de.kЛ™i.tu~/ <de.khii.tu~> adj.
obvious.
de6kI /deГЋ.ki/ <de.ГЋ\.kii> fem. a
(female/ small) frog.
devu& /de.vu~/ <de.vu~> v.tr. to give.
de= /deГџ/ <de.Гџ\> masc. 1. a country 2. a
region.
de=kaX /deß.kaÆ/ <de.ß\.ka.Æ\> masc.
time and space.
de=daz /deГџ.daГ”Л™/ <de.Гџ.da.Г”h\> fem.
patriotism.
de6ku& /deГЋ.ku~/ <de.ГЋ\.ku~> neut. a frog.
de=a4n /de.Гџa.Л‡\n/ <de.Гџ\.Л‡\.n\> neut.
traveling in foreign country.
de6ko /deГЋ.ko/ <de.ГЋ\.ko> masc. a
(male) frog.
de=ai-man /de.Гџa.bЛ™i.man/
<de.Гџa.bhi.ma.n\> neut. patriotism.
dera8I /de.ra.ВЇi/ <de.ra.ВЇii> fem.
husband’s younger brother’s wife.
de=I /de.Гџi/ <de.Гџii> masc. 1. native 2.
indigenous.
derasr /de.ra.s\r/ <de.ra.s\.r\> neut. a
Jain temple.
de=I /de.Гџi/ <de.Гџii> adj. a villager.
derI /de.ri/ <de.rii> fem. a small temple.
deh /deh/ <de.h\> masc. body.
dev /dev/ <de.v\> masc. a deity (male).
dehTyag /deh.tjag/ <de.h\.tja.g\> masc.
death.
devta /dev.ta/ <de.v\.ta> masc. a fire.
dEink /d\i.nik/ <d\i.ni.k\> adj. daily.
devnagrI /dev.nag.ri/ <de.v\.na.g\.rii>
adj. the Sanskrit script.
dEvI /d\i.vi/ <d\i.vii> adj. devine.
devX /de.v\Г†/ <de.v\.Г†\> neut. a church.
do4 /doˇ/ <do.ˇ\> fem. an act of
running.
devadar /de.va.dar/ <de.va.da.r\> adj.
indebted.
do6 /doГЋ/ <do.ГЋ\> fem. an act of
running.
devaXIyu& /de.va.Г†i.ju~/ <de.va.Г†ii.ju~> adj.
bankrupt.
do60am /doГЋ.dЛ™am/ <do.ГЋ\.dha.m\>
fem. turmoil
devI /de.vi/ <de.vii> fem. 1. a deity
(female) 2. goddess.
do6vu& /doГЋ.vu~/ <do.ГЋ\.vu~> v.intr. to
run.
96
do6ado6 /do.ГЋa.doГЋ/ <do.ГЋa.do.ГЋ\> fem.
1. hurry 2. haste.
В±ax /drakГџ/ <dra.kГџha> fem. a grape.
do7 /ГЋoГЋЛ™/ <do.ГЋh\> adj. one and half.
В±oh /droh/ <dro.h\> masc. a betrayal.
do76a¬u& /doÎ˙.Îahju~/ <do.Îh\.Îa.hju~>
adj. over wise.
ВµIp /dvip/ <dvi.pa> masc. an island.
do7u& /do.ГЋЛ™u~/ <do.ГЋhu~> adj. one and
half time.
dodXu& /dod.Г†u~/ <do.d\.Г†u~> adj. weak.
dor6I /dor.ГЋi/ <do.r\.ГЋii> fem. a string.
dor6u& /dor.ГЋu~/ <do.r\.ГЋu~> neut. a rope.
dorv8I /do.r\v.ВЇi/ <do.r\.v\.ГЋii> fem.
guidance.
dorvu& /dor.vu~/ <do.r\.vu~> v.tr. to draw
(picture, figure etc.)
dorvu& /dor.vu~/ <do.r\.vu~> v.tr. to guide
a person or any other animal.
dorI /do.ri/ <do.rii> fem. a string.
doro /do.ro/ masc. <do.ro> 1. a thread 2.
a kind of necklace.
doq /doГџ/ <do.sВ°\> masc. 1. mistake 2.
fault.
ВµEmaisk /dv\i.ma.sik/ <dw\i.ma.si.k\.>
adj. bi-monthly.
0
0kelvu& /dЛ™\.kel.vu~/ <d\.ke.l\.vu~> v.tr.
to push.
0k\k&0k\ka /dЛ™\.kk\m.dЛ™\k.ka/
<d\.kke.dh\.kka> masc. intensely
crowded state.
0k\ka0k\kI /dЛ™\.kka.dЛ™\k.ki/
<dh\.kka.mu.kkii> fem. . intensely
crowded state.
0k\kamuk\kI /dЛ™\.kka.muk.ki/
<dh\.kka.mu.kkii> fem. a crowd
marked with pushes and blows.
0kko /dЛ™\k.ko/ <dh\.kko> masc. a
push.
0kko /dЛ™\k.ko/ <dh\.kko> masc. an
errand.
doSt /dost/ <dos.t\> masc. a friend.
dohvu& /doh.vu~/ <do.h\.vu~> v.tr. to milk.
doih{a /do.hi.tr\/ <do.hi.tr\> masc. a
daughter’s son.
doih{aI /do.hi.tri/ <do.hi.trii> fem. a
daughter’s daughter.
0g0gvu& /dЛ™\g.dЛ™\g.vu~/
<dh\.g\.dh\.g\.vu~> v.intr. to burn
intensely.
0g= /dЛ™\.g\Гџ/ <dh\.g\.Гџ\> fem. 1. zeal
2. enthusiasm.
97
0ja /dЛ™\.Г”a/ <dh\.Г”a> fem. 1. a flag 2. a
banner.
06 /dЛ™\ГЋ/ <dh\.ГЋ\> neut. the human
body without head.
0nuQy /dЛ™\.nu.Гџj\/ <dh\.nu.Гџj\> neut. a
bow.
0Ny /dЛ™\.nj\/ <dh\.nj\> adj. 1.
fortunate 2. praiseworthy.
06k /dЛ™\.ГЋ\k/ <dh\.ГЋ\.k\> fem.
throbbing of the heart due to fright,
shock etc.
0b6ko /dЛ™\.b\ГЋ.ko/ <dh\.b\.ГЋ\.ko>
masc. a fiasco.
06kvu& /dЛ™\.ГЋ\k.vu~/ <dh\.ГЋ\.k\.vu~>
v.intr. to throb.
0mkvu& /dЛ™\.m\k.vu~/ <dh\.m\.k\.vu~>
v.intr. to tremble.
06ako /dЛ™\.ГЋa.ko/ <dh\.ГЋa.ko> masc. an
exploding sound.
0mkavvu& /dЛ™\m.kav.vu~/ <dh\.m\.ka.vu~>
v.tr. to scold.
06a06 /dЛ™\.ГЋa.dЛ™\ГЋ/ <dh.ГЋa.dh\.ГЋ\>
advb. quickly and violently.
0mkI /dЛ™\m.ki/ <dh\.m\.kii> fem. a
threat.
06a06I /dЛ™\.ГЋa.dЛ™\.ГЋi/ <dh\.ГЋa.dh\.ГЋii>
fem. commotion.
0m0okar /dЛ™\m.dЛ™o.kar/
<dh\.m\.dho.ka.r\> advb. at full
speed.
08 /dЛ™\ВЇ/ <dh\.ВЇ\> neut. a herd of
cattle.
0808vu& /dЛ™\ВЇ.dЛ™\ВЇ.vu~/
<dh\.ВЇ\.dh\.ВЇ\.vu~> v.intr. to quake
(of earth etc).
08I /dЛ™\.ВЇi/ <dh\.ВЇii> masc. 1. a
master 2. an owner 3. the husband.
08Iya8I /dЛ™\.ВЇi.ja.ВЇi/ <dh\.ВЇii.ja.ВЇii>
fem.1. master’s wife 2. owner’s wife 3. a
female owner.
0min /dЛ™\m.ni/ <dh\.m\.ni> fem. an
artery.
0mp2a6a /dЛ™\m.p\.cЛ™a.ГЋa/
<dh\.m\/p\.cha.ГЋa> masc. vain
efforts made impatiently.
0mal /dЛ™\.mal/ <dh\.ma.l\> fem.
commotion.
0rtI /dЛ™\r.ti/ <dh\.r\.tii> fem. 1. the
earth 2. the soil.
0it&g /dЛ™\.tiЛњ.g\/ <dh\.ti~.g\> neut. 1. a
sham 2. phoniness.
0rpk6 /dЛ™\r.p\.k\ГЋ/ <dh\.r\.p\.k\.ГЋ\>
fem. an arrest.
0n /dЛ™\n/ <dh\.n\> neut. 1. money 2.
wealth.
0rbvu& /dЛ™\.r\b.vu~/ <dh\.r\.b\.vu~> v.tr.
to over fill.
0nter= /dЛ™\n.te.r\Гџ/ <dh\.n\.te.r\.Гџ\>
fem. a Hindu festival.
98
0rmUX /dЛ™\r.muВЃ/ <dh\.r\.muu.Г†\>
neut. the very beginning.
0sms /dЛ™\s.m\s/ <dh\.s\.m\.s\> fem.
excitement.
0rvu& /dЛ™\r.vu~/ <dh\.r\.vu~> v.tr. 1. to
hold by hand 2. to assume 3. to offer.
0svu& /dЛ™\s.vu~/ <dh\.s\.vu~> v.intr. to
rush forcefully.
0ravu& /dЛ™\.ra.vu~/ <dh\.ra.vu~> v.intr. to
be satisfied.
0saro /dЛ™\.sa.ro/ <dh\.sa.ro> masc.
rush.
0rI /dЛ™\.ri/ <dh\.rii> fem. an axle.
0&0o /dЛ™\n.dЛ™o/ <dh\~.dho> masc. a
business.
0ro /dЛ™\.ro/ <dh\.ro> masc. a deep pit
in a river.
0mR /dЛ™\r.m\/ <dh\.rm\> masc. 1.
religion 2. duty.
0mRguru /dЛ™\r.m\.gu.ru/ <dh\.rm\.gu.ru>
masc. a spiritual teacher.
0ak /dЛ™ak/ <dha.k\> fem. fright.
0a6 /dЛ™aГЋ/ <dha.ГЋ\> fem. robbery.
0a6pa6u /dЛ™aГЋ.pa.ГЋu/ <dha.ГЋ\.pa.ГЋu>
masc. a robber.
0a8I /dЛ™a.ВЇi/ <dha.ВЇii> fem. popcorn.
0mRg/&9 /dЛ™\r.m\.gr\ntЛ™/
<dh\.rm\.gr\~.th\> masc. a religious
book.
0atu /dЛ™a.tu/ <dha.tu> fem. a metal.
0an /dЛ™an/ <dha.n\> neut. grain.
0mRs&k4 /dЛ™\r.m\.s\m.k\Л‡/
<dh\.rm\.s\~.k\.Л‡\> neut. a moral
dilemma.
0ap /dЛ™ap/ fem. a cheating.
0abu& /dЛ™a.bu~/ <dha.bu~> neut. a terrace.
0maRTma /dЛ™\r.mat.ma/ <dh\.rma.tma>
masc. a man with a holy soul.
0abu& /dЛ™a.bu~/ <dha.bu~> neut. a blot.
0maRda /dЛ™\r.ma.da/ <dh\.rma.da> adj.
pertaining to religious charity.
0am /dЛ™am/ <dha.m\> neut. a dwelling
place.
0maRNtr /dЛ™\r.man.t\r/ <dh\.rma.nt\.r\>
neut. an act of adopting another’s
religion.
0am0Um /dЛ™am.dЛ™um/ <dha.m\.dhu.m\>
fem. grandeur.
0maR&0 /dЛ™\r.man.dЛ™\/ <dh\.rma~.dh\>
adj. fanatic.
0imRQ4 /dЛ™\r.miГџЛ‡/ <dh\.rmi.sВ°Л‡\> adj.
religious minded.
0amo /dЛ™a.mo/ <dha.mo> masc.
unexpected stay.
0ar /dЛ™ar/ <dha.r\> fem. 1. the edge of
a weapon 2. a thin current of falling
water.
99
0ar8a /dЛ™ar.ВЇa/ <dha.r\.ВЇa> fem.
inference.
0Ime9I /dЛ™i.me.tЛ™i/ <dhii.me.thii> advb.
slowly.
0Irj /dЛ™i.r\Г”/ <dhi.r\.Г”\> fem. patience.
0arvu& /dЛ™ar.vu~/ <dha.r\.vu~> v.tr. to
infer.
0ara0or8 /dЛ™a.ra.dЛ™o.r\ВЇ/
<dha.ra.dho.r\.ВЇ\> neut. 1. rules and
regulations 2. code and conduct.
0ara=aS{aI /dЛ™a.ra.ГџaГџ.tri/ <dha.ra.Гџa.Гџtrii>
masc. a lawyer.
0aras-a /dЛ™a.ra.s\.bЛ™a/ <dha.ra.sa.bha>
fem. a legislative assembly.
0aro /dЛ™a.ro/ <dha.ro> masc. 1. a
custom 2. a tradition.
0aimRk /dЛ™ar.mik/ <dha.rmi.k\> adj.
religious.
0av8 /dЛ™a.v\ВЇ/ <dha.v\.ВЇ\> neut.
mother’s milk.
0avvu& /dЛ™av.vu~/ <dha.v\.vu~> v.intr. to
suck milk from mother’s breasts.
0a&0l /dЛ™a~.dЛ™\l/ <dha~.dh\.l\> fem.
commotion.
i0kavvu& /dЛ™i.kav.vu~/ <dhi.kka.r\.vu~>
v.tr. to burn intensely.
i0k\kar /dЛ™i.kkar/ <dhi.kka.r\> masc.
hatred.
0Imu& /dЛ™i.mu~/ <dhii.mu~> adj. slow.
0Ime /dЛ™i.me/ <dhii.mu~> advb. slowly.
0Ir0ar /dЛ™ir.dЛ™ar/ <dhi.r\.dha.r\> fem.
money-landing.
0Irvu& /dЛ™ir.vu~/ <dhii.r\.vu~> v.tr. 1.to
give on credit 2. to lend money on
interest.
0utarI /dЛ™u.ta.ri/ <dhu.ta.rii> fem. a
deceitful woman.
0utaro /dЛ™u.ta.ro/ <dhu.ta.ro> masc. a
deceitful man.
0upel /dЛ™u.pel/ <dhu.pe.l\> neut. hairoil.
0umai6yu& /dЛ™u.ma.ГЋi.ju~/ <dhu.ma.ГЋi.ju~>
neut. a chimney.
0uma6o /dЛ™u.ma.ГЋo/ <du.ma.ГЋo> masc.
smoke.
0U8vu& /dЛ™uВЇ.vu~/ <dhuu.ВЇ\.vu~> v.intr. to
shake or swing head under the influence
of black art.
0Utvu& /dЛ™ut.vu~/ <dhuu.t\.vu~> v.intr. to
cheat.
0Un /dЛ™un/ <dhuu.n\> fem. a strong
addiction.
0Up /dЛ™up/ <dhuu.p\> masc. a kind of
fragrant substance.
0UpsXI /dЛ™up.s\.Г†i/ <dhu.p\.s\.Г†ii> fem.
an incense stick.
0UX /d˙uÆ/ <dhuu.Æ\> fem. dust.
100
0U&AapU&Aa /dЛ™u~.a.pu~.a/ <dhuu~.a.puu~.a>
adj.
burning with anger.
0U&0vavu& /dЛ™u~ndЛ™.va.vu~/ <dhu~.dh\.va.vu~>
v.intr. to grudge silently.
0U&0Xu& /dЛ™u~dЛ™.Г†u~/ <dhu~.dh\.Г†u~> adj. 1.
misty 2. dim.
0ova8 /dЛ™o.vaВЇ/ <dho.va.ВЇ\> neut.
attrition.
0ovu& /dЛ™o.vu~/ <dho.vu~> v.tr. 1. to wash
2. to clean.
0oX /d˙oÆ/ <dho.Æ\> neut. a kind of
devotional song.
0oXu& /dЛ™o.Г†u~/ <dho.Г†u~> adj. white.
0U&srI /dЛ™u~s.ri/ <dhu~.s\.rii> fem. a yoke.
)yan /dЛ™ja.n\/ <dhj.n\> neut. attention.
0oka4vu& /d˙o.kaˇ.vu~/ <do.ka.ˇ\.vu~> v.tr.
to beat with a club.
)yey /dЛ™jej/ <dhje.j\> masc. goal.
0oko /dЛ™o.ko/ <dho.ko> masc. a short
tick staff.
0oko /dЛ™o.ko/ <dho.ko> masc. 1. harm
2. betrayal.
0oityu& /dЛ™o.ti.ju~/ <dho.ti.ju~> neut. a big
scarf-like lower garment of Hindu males.
0otI /dЛ™o.ti/ <dho.tii> fem. a big scarflike lower garment of Hindu males.
0o0 /dЛ™odЛ™/ <dho.dh\> masc. a waterfall.
0ob8 /dЛ™o.b\ВЇ/ <dho.b\.ВЇ\> fem. 1. a
washer man’s wife 2. a washer-woman.
0obI /dЛ™o.bi/ <dho.bii> masc. a washer
man.
0or8 /dЛ™o.r\ВЇ/ <dho.r\.ВЇ\> neut. a
grade (first, second etc) of a school.
0ola; /dЛ™o.la.i/ <dho.la.ii> fem. 1.
washing 2. remuneration for washing.
0/ujarI /dЛ™ru.Г”a.ri/ <dhru.Г”a.rii> fem.
trembling.
)vj /dВґv\Г”/ <dhv\.Г”\> masc. a flag.
)vin /dЛ™va.ni/ <dhv\.ni> masc. sound.
n
nkl /n\.k\l/ <n\.k\.l\> fem. 1. a copy
2. a transcript.
nklI /n\k.li/ <n\.k\.lii> adj. 1.
artificial 2. unoriginal.
nk=Ikam /n\k.Гџi.kam/ <n\.k\.Гџii.ka.m\>
neut. carving.
nk=o /n\k.Гџo/ <n\.k\.Гџo> masc. 1. a
map 2. an outline.
nkamu& /n.ka.mu~/ <n\.ka.mu~> adj.
useless.
nkar /n\.kar/ <n\.ka.r\> masc.
negation.
101
nkUco /n\.ku.co/ <n\.kuu.co> masc. a
hook for locking.
ngd /n\.g\d/ <n\.g\.d\> adj. in cash.
ngr /n\.g\r/ <n\.g\.r\> neut. a city.
nkor6o /n\.kor.ГЋo/ <n\.ko.r\.ГЋo> adj.
without food and water (fasting).
nkkr /n\k.k\r/ <n\.kk\.r\> adj. 1.
solid 2. authentic.
nkkI /n\k.ki/ <n\.kki> adj. 1. sure 2.
certain 3. fixed.
nx{a /n\.kГџ\.tr\/ <n\.kГџ\.tr\> neut. a
constellation.
n` /n\kЛ™/ <n\.kh\> masc. a nail.
n`raXu& /n\kЛ™.ra.Г†u~/ <n\.kh\.ra.Г†u~> adj.
1. prudish 2. coquettish.
n`ra`or /n\kЛ™.ra.kЛ™or/
<n\.kh\.ra.kho.r\> adj. 1. prudish 2.
coquettish.
ngrI /n\g.ri/ <n\.g\.rii> fem. a small
city.
ngru& /n\g.ru~/ <n\.g\.ru~> adj. 1. a
person who has no guru 2. shameless.
nGn /n\g.n\/ <n\.gn\> adj. 1. naked 2.
nude 3. shameless.
nic&t /n\.ci~nt/ <n\.ci~.t\> adj. free from
worries.
n2U4ke /n\.c˙uˇ.ke/ <na.chuu.t\.ke>
advb. 1. compulsorily 2. helplessly.
njdIk /n\Г”.dik/ <n\.Г”\.dii.k\> advb. 1.
near 2. beside.
njr /n\.Г”\r/ <n\.Г”\.r\> fem. sight.
n`rabaj /n\kЛ™.ra~.baГ”/ <n\.kh\.ra.ba.Г”\>
adj. 1. prudish 2. coquettish.
njra8u& /n\Г”.ra.ВЇu~/ <n\.Г”\.ra.ВЇu~> neut. a
gift.
n`ru& /n\kЛ™.ru~/ <n\.kh\.ru~> neut. 1.
prudery 2. coquetry.
njravu& /n\Г”.ra.vu~/ <n\.Г”\.ra.ВЇu~> v.intr.
to be the victim of evil sight.
n`lI /n\kЛ™.li/ <n\.kh\.lii> fem. a nailpolish.
njronjr /n\Г”.ro.n\.Г”\r/
<n\.Г”\.ro.n\.Г”\.r\> advb. in front of.
n`i=` /n\kЛ™.ГџikЛ™/ <n\.kh\.Гџi.kh\> adj.
from the toe to the head.
[email protected] /n\.Г”ik/ <n\.Г”ii.k\> postp. 1. near
2. beside.
n~`od /n\kЛ™.kЛ™od/ <n\.khokho.d\>
neut. 1.end of a family generation 2.
complete destruction.
[email protected]& /n\.Г”i.vu~/ <n\.Г”ii.vu~> adj.
insignificant (in amount and quantity).
ng8u& /n\.g\.ВЇu~/ <n\.g\.ВЇu~> adj.
ungrateful.
n4 /n\Л‡/ <n\.Л‡\> masc. a male actor.
n4I /n\.Л‡i/ <n\.Л‡ii> fem. a female actor.
102
n5aru& /n\.Л‡Л™a.ru~/ <n\.Л‡ha.ru~> adj. 1.
wicked 2. harmful.
n5or /n\.Л‡Л™or/ <n\.Л‡ho.r\> adj. 1.
heartless 2. cruel.
n6tr /n\ГЋ.t\r/ <n\.ГЋ\.t\.r\> neut. 1. an
obstruction 2. troubles assumed to be
created by ghosts and evil spirits.
n8dl /n\ВЇ.d\l/ <n\.ВЇ\.d\.l\> fem.
husband’s sister.
n8dI /n\ВЇ.di/ <n\.ВЇ\.dii> fem.
husband’s sister.
n8do; /n\ВЇ.do.i/ <n\.ВЇ\.do.ii> fem.
husband’s sister’s husband.
ntIjo /n\.ti.Г”o/ <n\.tii.Г”o> masc. 1.
result 2. an outcome.
n8&d /n\.ВЇ\nd/ <n\~.ВЇ\.d\> fem.
husband’s sister.
n9 /n\tЛ™/ <n\.th\> fem. a nose-ring.
n9I /t\.tЛ™i/ <n\.thii> neg. is not.
ndI /n\.di/ <n\.dii> fem. a river.
n0i8yatu& /n\.dЛ™\.ВЇi.ja.tu~/
<n\.dh\.ВЇi.ja,tu~> adj. 1. unguarded 2.
stray.
npas /n\.pas/ <n\.pa.s\> adj. fail.
npu&sk /n\.pu~m.s\k/ <n\.pu~.s\.k\> adj.
1. impotent 2. neuter gender.
nfkru& /n\.pЛ™\k.ru~/ <n\.ph\.k\.ru~> adj.
careless.
nf\f4 /n\pЛ™.pЛ™\Л‡/ <n\.phph\.Л‡\> adj.
1.shameless 2. rude.
nfa`or /n\.pЛ™a.kЛ™or/ <n\.pha.kho.r\>
adj. inclined to profiteering.
nifkru& /n\.pЛ™ik.ru~/ adj. careless.
nfo /n\.pЛ™o/ <n\.pho> masc. profit.
nbXa; /n\b.Г†a.i/ <n\.b\.Г†a.ii> fem.
weakness.
nbXu& /n\b.Г†u~/ <n\.b\.Г†u~> adj. weak.
nbapu& /n\.ba.pu~/ <n\.ba.pu~> adj.
fatherless.
n- /n\bЛ™/ <n\.bh\> neut. the sky.
n-vu& /n\bЛ™.vu~/ <n\.bh\.vu~> v.intr. to
last.
nmk /n\.m\k/ <n\.m\.k\> neut. salt.
nm8u& /n\m.ВЇu~/ <n\.m\.ВЇu~> adj.
humble.
nnamI /n\.na.mi/ <n\.na.mii> fem. a
bier.
nmn /n\.m\n/ <n\.m\.n\> neut. a
bowing in reverence.
nnamu& /n\.na.mu~/ <n\.na.mu~> adj.
nameless.
nmvu& /n\m.vu~/ <n\.m\.vu~> v.intr. to
bend down.
nNno /n\n.no/ <n\.nno> masc.
negation.
nmaj /n\.maГ”/ <n\.ma.Г”\> fem. prayer
to god (in Islam).
103
nmayu& /n\.ma.ju~/ <n\.ma.ju~> adj.
orphan.
nmUi2yu& /n\.mu.cЛ™i.ju~/ <n\.muu.chi.ju~>
adj. having no mustache.
nmUnedar /n\.mu.ne.dar/
<n\.mu.ne.da.r\> adj. ideal.
nmUno /n\.mu.no/ <n\.muu.no> masc.
1. a sample 2. a model.
nm/ /n\m.r\/ <n\.mr\> adj. humble.
nyn /n\.j\n/ <n\.j\.n\> fem. am eye.
nr /n\r/ <n\.r\> masc. a male.
nvjot /n\v.Г”ot/ <n\.v\.Г”o.t\> fem. the
sacred-thread ceremony of the Parsi
comunity.
nvtr /n\v.t\r/ <n\.v\.t\.r\> adj. novel.
nv0a /n\v.dЛ™a/ <n\.v\.dha> fem. nine
types of Bhakti.
nvra= /n\v.raГџ/ <n\.v\.ra.Гџ\> fem.
leisure.
nvru& /n\v.ru~/ <n\.v\.ru~> adj.
unemployed.
nvlk9a /n\.v\l.k\.tЛ™a/ <n\.v\.l\.k\.tha>
fem. novel.
nrk /n\.r\k/ <n\.r\.k\> neut. hell.
nvilka /n\v.li.ka/ <n\.v\.li.ka> fem.
short story.
nrjait /n\r.Г”a.ti/ <n\.r\.Г”a.ti> fem. the
male class.
nvv0U /n\v.v\.dЛ™u/ <n\.v\.v\.dhuu>
fem. a bride.
ntRk /n\r.t\k/ <n\.rt\.k\> masc. a male
dancer.
nv=eku& /n\v.Гџe.ku/ <n\.v\.Гџe.ku~> adj.
lukwarm.
ntRkI /n\r.t\.ki/ <n\.rt\.kii> fem. a
female dancer.
nvS{au& /n\.v\s.tru~/ <n\.v\.stru~> adj.
undressed.
nXakar /n\.Г†a.kar/ <n\.Г†a.ka.r\> adj.
cylindrical.
nva; /n\.va.i/ <n\.va.ii> fem. a wonder.
nv /n\v/ <n\.Г†a.ka.r\> adj. nine.
nvajvu& /n\.vaГ”.vu~/ <n\.va.Г”\.vu~> v.tr.
to honor.
nvjuvan /n\v.Г”u.van/ <n\.v\.Г”u.va.n\>
masc. a blooming youth.
nvajUnI /n\.va.Г”u.ni/ <n\.va.Г”uu.nii>
fem. a new development.
[email protected] /n\v.Г”i.v\n/ <n\.v\.Г”ii.v\.n\>
neut. new life.
nvIn /n\.vin/ <n\.vii.n\> adj. new.
nvu& /n\.vu~/ <n\.vu~> adj. new.
104
nvesr9I /n\.ve.s\r.tЛ™i/ <n\.ve.s\.r\.thii>
advb. to start a work again from the
beginning.
naku& /na.ku~/ <na.ku~> neut. 1. the eye of
a needle 2. an entrance or end of a road
3. a hole.
nVva8u& /n\v.va.ВЇu~/ <n\.vva.ВЇu~> adj.
ninety nine.
na`vu& /nakЛ™.vu~/ <na.kh\.vu~> v.tr. to
throw.
n=o /n\.Гџo/ <n\.Гџo> masc. intoxication.
nag /nag/ <na.g\> masc. a male cobra.
ns /n\s/ <n\.s\> fem. a vein.
nag8 /na.g\ВЇ/ <na.g\.ВЇ\> fem. a
female cobra.
nskoru& /n\s.ko.ru~/ <n\s.ko.ru~> neut. 1.
a nostril 2. the nose.
nsIb /n\.sib/ <n\.sii.b\> neut. 1. fate
2. fortune.
nagr /na.g\r/ <na.g\.r\> masc. a
community of that name.
nagrvel /na.g\r.vel/ <na.g\.r\.ve.l\>
fem. the betel plant.
nih /n\.hi/ <n\.hi> advb. 1. no 2. not.
nihvt\ /n\.hi.v\t/ <n\.hi.v\.t> adj.
slightly.
nher /n\.her/ <n\.he.r\> fem. a canal.
nhor /n\.hor/ <n\.ho.r\> masc. a claw.
niXyu& /n\.Г†i.ju~/ <n\.Г†i.ju~> neut. a roof
tile.
nXI /n\.Г†i/ <n\.Г†ii> fem. a tube.
n&g /n\Лњ.g\/ <n\~.g\> neut. a unit of a
thing.
na /na/ <na> advb. 1. no 2. not.
na;laj /na.i.laГ”/ <na.i.la.Г”\> adj.
incurable.
nak /nak/ <na.k\> neut. the nose.
nagirk /nag.rik/ <na.g\.ri.k\> masc. a
citizen.
nagrI /nag.ri/ <na.g\.rii> adj. 1. related
to the Nagar community, 2. civilized, 3.
urban.
nagu& /na.gu~/ <na.gu~> adj. 1. naked 2.
nude.
nac /nac/ <na.c\> masc. a dance.
nacvu& /nac.vu~/ <na.c\.vu~> v.intr. to
dance.
na2U4ke /na.c˙uˇ.ke/ <na.chuu.ˇ\.ke>
advb. helplessly.
najuk /na.Г”uk/ <na.Г”u.k\> adj. tender.
na4k /na.Л‡\k/ <na.Л‡\.k\> neut. 1. a
drama 2. a play.
na4kkar /na.Л‡\k.kar/ <na.Л‡\.k\.ka.r\>
masc. 1. a playwright 2. a dramatist.
105
na4kIyu& /na.Л‡\.ki.ju~/ <na.Л‡\.kii.ju~> adj. 1.
dramatic 2. not real.
nadan /na.dan/ <na.da.n\> adj.
childish.
nai4ka /na.Л‡i.ka/ <na.Л‡i.ka> fem. a short
play.
nadar /na.dar/ <na.da.r\> adj. bankrupt.
na6a26I /na.ГЋa.cЛ™\.ГЋi/ <na.ГЋa.ch\.ГЋii>
fem. a many colored cotton string used
in various rituals.
na6I /na.ГЋi/ <na.ГЋii> fem. 1. a vain 2. an
artery.
na6u& /na.ГЋu~/ <na.ГЋu~> neut. a string of a
garment.
na8vu& /naВЇ.vu~/ <na.ВЇ\.vu~> v.tr. to
examine.
na8akIy /na.ВЇa.kij/ <na.ВЇa.kii.j\> adj. 1.
monetary 2. financial.
na8abjar /na.ВЇa.b\.Г”ar/
<na.ВЇa.b\.Г”ha.r\> neut. moneymarket.
na8a-I6 /na.ВЇa.bЛ™iГЋ/ <na.ВЇa.bhii.ГЋ\>
fem. financial stringency.
na8u& /na.ВЇu~/ <na.ВЇu~> neut. money.
nat /nat/ <na.t\> fem. a caste.
natvro /nat.v\.ro/ <na.t\.v\.ro> masc.
a caste-dinner.
nan`4a; /nan.kЛ™\.Л‡a.i/ <na.n\.kh\.Л‡a.ii>
fem. a kind of sweet.
nanp /na.n\p/ <na.n\.p\> fem.
inferiority complex.
nanm /na.n\m/ <na.n\.m\> fem.
inferiority complex.
nanp8 /nan.p\ВЇ/ <na.n\.p\.ВЇ\> neut.
childhood.
nanu& /na.nu~/ <na.nu~> adj. small.
napas /na.pas/ <na.pa.s\> adj. failed.
nai- /na.bЛ™i/ <na.bhi> fem. the navel.
nam /nam/ <na.m\> neut. a name.
namcIn /nam.cin/ <na.m\.cii.n\> adj.
infamous.
nam5am /nam.Л‡Л™am/ <na.m\.Л‡ha.m\>
neut. a person’s name and address.
namdar /nam.dar/ <na.m\.da.r\> adj.
honorable.
namna /nam.na/ <na.m\.na> fem. fame.
natal /na.tal/ <na.ta.l\> fem. the
Christmas.
namu& /na.mu~/ <na.mu~> neut. a credit
and debit account.
nato /na.to/ <na.to> masc. relation.
nayk /na.j\k/ <na.j\.k\> masc. a hero of
a novel, a play etc.
na9 /natЛ™/ <na.th\> masc. 1. a master 2.
the husband.
106
naiyka /na.ji.ka/ <na.ji.ka> fem. a
heroine of a novel, a play etc.
nahvu& /nah.vu~/ <na.h\.vu~> v.intr. to
bathe.
nar&gI /na.r\Лњ.gi/ <na.r\~.gii> fem. an
orange.
naX /naÆ/ <na.Æ\> fem. a horse shoe.
naXcu& /naÆ.cu~/ <na.Æ\.cu~> neut. a funnel.
naraj /na.raГ”/ <na.ra.Г”\> adj.
displeased.
naXu& /na.Г†u~/ <na.Г†u~> neut. a rivulet.
nairyeX /na.ri.jeÆ/ <na.ri.je.Æ\> neut. 1. a
coconut 2. a coconut tree.
inkal /ni.kal/ <ni.ka.l\> masc. 1.
disposal 2. judgment.
narI /na.ri/ <na.rii> fem. a woman.
inkas /ni.kas/ <ni.ka.s\> fem. export.
nalayk /na.la.j\k/ <na.la.j\.k\> adj.
unworthy.
inkah /ni.kah/ <ni.ka.h\> masc. Muslim
marriage.
nav /nav/ <na.v\> fem. a small boat.
in`als /ni.kЛ™a.l\s/ <ni.kha.l\.s\> adj.
open-hearted.
naivk /na.vik/ <na.vi.k\> masc. 1. a
sailor 2. a boatman.
na= /naГџ/ <na.Гџ\> masc. destruction.
nas /nas/ <na.s\> masc. inhalation of
vapor for curing a disease.
naspit /nas.p\.ti/ <na.s\.p\.ti> neut. a
pear fruit or tree.
nas-ag /nas.bЛ™ag/ <na.s\.bha.g\> fem.
a retreat.
ingU7 /ni.guГЋЛ™/ <ni.guu.ГЋh\> adj.
mysterious.
incovvu& /ni.cov.cu~/ <ni.cho.v\.vu~> v.tr.
1. to squeeze 2. to extract.
injan&d /ni.Г”a.n\nd/ <ni.Г”a.n\~.d\> masc.
the joy caused by self-realization.
intarvu& /ni.tar.vu~/ <ni.ta.r\.vu~> v.tr. to
filter.
inTy /ni.tj\/ <ni.tj\> adj. eternal.
nasvu& /nas.vu~/ <na.s\.vu~> v.intr. to run
away.
naSto /nas.to/ <na.sto> masc. a
breakfast.
nahk /na.h\k/ <na.h\.k\> advb.
unnecessarily.
inTykmR /nit.j\.k\r.ma/ <ni.tj\.k\.rm\>
neut. daily worship.
indan /ni.dan/ <ni.da.n\> neut.
diagnosis.
in0n /ni.dЛ™\n/ <ni.dh\.n\> neut. death.
inpu8 /ni.puВЇ/ <ni.pu.ВЇ\> adj. expert.
107
inb&0 /ni.b\ndЛ™/ <ni.b\~.dh\> masc. an
essay.
inr&tr /ni.r\n.t\r/ <ni.r\~.t\.r\> adj.
1incessant.
in-avvu& /ni.bЛ™av.vu~/ <ni.bha.v\.vu~> v.tr.
to maintain.
inrakrr8 /ni.ra.k\.r\ВЇ/ <ni,ra.k\.r\.ВЇ\>
neut. 1. settlement 2. disposal.
inm8U&k /nim.ВЇu~k/ <ni.m\.ВЇu~.k\> fem.
an appointment.
inrakar /ni.ra.kar/ <ni.ra.ka.r\> adj.
shapeless.
inm&{a8 /ni.m\n.tr\ВЇ/ <ni.m\~.tr\.ВЇ\>
neut. an invitation.
inra0ar /ni.ra.dЛ™ar/ <ni.ra.dha.r\> adj.
1. orphan 2. support less.
inm&{avu& /ni.m\n.tr\.vu~/ <ni.m\~.tr\.vu~>
v.tr. to invite.
inra= /ni.raГџ/ <ni.ra.sh\> adj.
disappointed.
inma6o /ni.ma.ГЋo/ <ni.ma.ГЋo> masc. a
potter’s kiln.
inraXu& /ni.ra.Г†u~/ <ni.ra.Г†u~> adj. 1.
peculiar 2. distinct 3. different.
inym /ni.j\m/ <ni.j\.m\> masc. a rule.
inra&t /ni.ra~t/ <ni.ra~.t\> fem. 1. peace 2.
repose.
inymn /ni.j\.m\n/ <ni.j\.m\.n\> neut.
controlling.
inyimt /ni.j\.mit/ <ni.j\.mi.t\> adj.
regular.
inyamk /ni.ja.m\k/ <ni.ja.m\.k\> masc.
1. director 2. controller.
inyuikt /ni.juk.ti/ <ni.ju.kti> fem.
appointment.
inrxr /ni.r\.kГџ\r/ <ni.r\.kГџ\.r\> adj.
illiterate.
inrpex /nir.pek.Гџ\/ <ni.r\.pe.kГџ\> adj.
independent.
inr9Rk /ni.r\r.tЛ™\k/ <ni.rth\.k\> adj.
useless.
inr&ku= /ni.r\Лњ.kuГџ/ <ni.r\~.ku.Гџ\> adj.
uncontrolled.
inrIxk /ni.ri.kГџ\k/ <ni.ri.kГџ\.k\> masc.
1. an observer 2. an inspector.
inru]ar /ni.ru.tt\r/ <ni.ru.tt\.r\> neut. 1.
un-answering 2. silent, 3. speechless in
response.
inrupyogI /ni.rup.jo.gi/ <ni.ru.p\.jo.gii>
adj. useless.
inВЈp8 /ni.ru.p\ВЇ/ <ni.ruu.p\.ВЇ\> neut.
narration.
inВЈpvu& /ni.rup.vu~/ <ni.ruu.p\.vu~> v.tr.
to narrate.
injRn /nir.Г”\n/ <ni.rГ”\.n\> adj.
uninhabited.
injRX /nir.Г”\Г†/ <ni.rГ”\.Г†\> adj. 1. dry 2.
waterless.
108
[email protected] /nir.Г”iv/ <ni.rГ”ii.v\> adj. lifeless.
invaR8 /nir.vaВЇ/ <nir.va.ВЇ\> neut.
salvation.
in8Ry /nir.ВЇ\j/ <ni.rВЇ\.j\> masc.
decision.
invaRist /nir.va.sit/ <ni.rva.si.t\> adj.
refugee.
in8aRyk /nir.ВЇa.j\k/ <ni.rВЇa.j\.k\> adj.
decisive.
invaRh /nir.vah/ <nir.va.h\> masc.
maintenance.
indRy /nir.d\j/ <ni.rd\.j\> adj. cruel.
inivR#n /nir.vign/ <ni.rvi.ghn\> adj. free
from obstacles.
indeR= /nir.deГџ/ <ni.rde.Гџ\> masc. an
indication.
indoRq /nir.doГџ/ <ni.rdo.sВ°\> adj.
innocent.
in0Rn /nir.dЛ™\n/ <ni.rdh\.n\> adj.
moneyless.
in0aRr /nir.dЛ™ar/ <ni.rdha.r\> masc.
determination.
inbRX /nir.b\ВЃ/ <ni.rb\.Г†\> adj.
powerless.
in-Ry /nir.bЛ™\j/ <ni.rbh\.j\> adj.
fearless.
in-eRX /nir.bЛ™eВЃ/ <ni.rbhe.Г†\> adj.
unadulterated.
inmRX /nir.m\Г†/ <ni.rm\.Г†\> adj. without
dirt.
inmaR8 /nir.maВЇ/ <ni.rma.ВЇ\> neut. a
creation.
inmaRLy /nir.ma.lj\/ <ni.rma.lj\> adj.
powerless.
inmURX /nir.muÆ/ <ni.rmuu.Æ\> adj.
rootless.
invarvu& /ni.var.vu~/ <ni.va.r\.vu~> v.tr. to
prevent.
invas /ni.vas/ <ni.va.si> masc.
residence.
invasI /ni.va.si/ <ni.va.sii> masc. a
resident.
inv<]a /ni.vru.tt\/ <ni.vr≤u.tt\> adj.
retired.
inv<i]a /ni.vrut.ti/ <ni.vr≤u.tti> fem.
retirement.
inve6o /ni.ve.ГЋo/ <ni.ve.ГЋo> masc.
.settlement 2. verdict.
invedn /ni.ve.d\n/ <ni.ve.d\.n\> neut. a
statement.
in=an /ni.Гџan/ <ni.Гџa.n\> neut. 1. target
2. a mark.
in=anI /ni.Гџa.ni/ <ni.Гџa.nii> fem. a mark.
in=aX /ni.ßaÆ/ <ni.ßa.Æ\> fem. a school.
in=aiXyo /ni.Гџa.Г†i.jo/ <ni.Гџa.Г†i.jo> masc.
1. a school boy 2. a student.
109
inВѕy /niГџ.c\.j\/ <ni.Гџc\.j\> masc. a
determination.
inStej /nis.teГ”/ <ni.ste.Г”\> adj. 1. dim 2.
dull.
iniВѕt /niГџ.cit/ <ni.Гџci.t\> adj. decided.
inSbt /nis.b\t/ <ni.sb\.t\> fem. 1.
relation 2. concern.
inВјas /niГџ.vas/ <ni.Гџva.s\> masc. a
sigh.
inqe0 /ni.ГџedЛ™/ <ni.sВ°e.dh\> masc.
prohibition.
inQkl&k /niГџ.ka.laЛњk/ <ni.sВ°k\.l\~.k\> adj.
1. free from blamsih.
inQk/Iy /niГџ.kri.j\/ <ni.sВ°krii.j\> adj.
inactive.
inQ5a /niГџ.Л‡Л™a/ <ni.sВ°Л‡ha> fem.
faithfulness.
inQ5ur /niГџ.Л‡ur/ <ni.sВ°Л‡hu.r\> adj. 1. cruel
2. merciless.
inQ8at /niß.¯at/ <ni.s°¯a.t\> adj. an
expert.
inQpx /niГџ.p\k.Гџ\/ <ni.sВ°p\.kГџ\> adj.
impartial.
inQpap /niГџ.pap/ <ni.sВ°pa.p\> adj.
sinless.
inQp/a8 /niГџ.praВЇ/ <ni.sВ°pra.ВЇ\> adj. 1.
weak 2. spiritless.
inhairka /ni.ha.ri.ka/ <ni.ha.ri.ka> fem.
a nebula.
inhaXvu& /ni.haÆ.vu~/ <ni.ha.Æ\.vu~> v.tr. to
see with full attention.
in&dvu& /nind.vu~/ <ni~.d\.vu~> v.tr. . to
backbite.
in&da /nin.da/ <ni~.da> fem. backbiting.
inЕ =Bd /ni.Гџ\b.d\/ <ni:.Гџ\.bd\> adj.
silent.
inЕ =S{a /ni.Гџ\s.tr\/ <ni:.Гџ\.str\> adj.
unarmed.
inЕ =uLk /ni.Гџul.k\/ <ni:.Гџu.lk\> adj. free
of charge.
inЕ s&tan /ni.s\n.tan/ <ni:.s\~.ta.n\> adj.
childless.
inЕ s&deh /ni.s\n.deh/ <ni:.s\~.de.h\> adj.
without any doubt.
inЕ Sva9R /ni.svar.th\/ <ni:.sva.rth\> adj.
unselfish.
nIk /nik/ <nii.k\> fem. a drain.
inQfX /niГџ.pЛ™\l/ <ni.sВ°ph\.Г†\> adj.
unsuccessful.
insr8I /ni.s\r.ВЇi/ <ni.s\.r\.ВЇii> fem. a
ladder.
insaso /ni.sa.so/ <ni.sa.so> masc. a
sigh.
nIkXvu& /ni.k\Г†.vu~/ <nii.k\.Г†\.vu~> v.intr.
1. to come out 2. to go out 3. to appear.
nIc /nic/ <nii.c\> adj. 1. wicked 2.
mean.
110
nIcajo8u& /ni.ca.Г”o.ВЇu~/ <nii.ca.Г”o.ВЇu~>
neut. shameful condition.
nIl /nil/ <nii.l\> adj. dark-blue.
nIca8 /ni.caВЇ/ <nii.ca.ВЇ\> neut.
descent.
nIv6vu& /ni.v\ГЋ.vu~/ <nii.v\.ГЋ\.vu~> v.intr.
to be accomplished.
nIcu& /ni.cu~/ <nii.cu~> adj. 1. low 2. vile.
nI&d8 /nin.d\ВЇ/ <nii~.d\.ВЇ\> neut. the
act of removing weeds.
nI6r /ni.ГЋ\r/ <nii.ГЋ\.r\> adj. fearless.
nItrvu& /ni.t\r.vu~/ <nii.t\.r\.vu~> v.intr.
1. to ooze 2. to be filtered.
nI&dvu& /nind.vu~/ <nii~.d\.vu~> v.tr. to
weed.
nItyuR& /nit.rju~/ <nii.t\.rju~> adj. filtered.
nuksan /nuk.san/ <nu.k\.sa.n\> neut.
damage.
nIit /ni.ti/ <nii.ti> fem. morality.
nUtn /nu.t\n/ <nuu.t\.n\> adj. new.
nIit=aS{a /ni.ti.Гџas.tr\/ <nii.ti.Гџa.str\>
neut. ethics.
nUr /nur/ <nuu.r\> neut. fright.
n<Ty /nrut.j\/ <nr≤u.tj\> neut. a dance.
nIpj /ni.p\Г”/ <nii.p\.Г”\> fem. product.
nek /nek/ <ne.k\> adj. honest.
nIpjvu& /ni.p\Г”.vu~/ <nii.p\.Г”\.vu~> v.intr.
to be produced.
neta /ne.ta/ <ne.ta> masc. a leader.
nIm /nim/ <nii.m\> masc. a religious
vow.
netagIrI /ne.ta.gi.ri/ <ne.ta.gii.rii> fem.
leadership.
nImvu& /nim.vu~/ <nii.m\.vu~> v.tr. to
appoint.
nevu& /ne.vu~/ <ne.vu~> adj. ninety.
nIr`vu& /ni.r\kЛ™.vu~/ <nii.r\.kh\.vu~> v.tr.
to observe.
nIr8 /ni.r\ВЇ/ <nii.r\.ВЇ\> neut. fodder.
nIrv /ni.r\v/ <nii.r\.v\> adj. noiseless.
nIrvu& /nir.vu~/ <nii.r\.vu~> v.tr. to feed
cattle fodder.
nIrogI /ni.ro.gi/ <nii.ro.gii> adj.
healthy.
neVya=I /nev.ja.Гџi/ <ne.vja.Гџii> adj.
eighty nine.
nEitk /n\i.tik/ <n\i.ti.k\> adj. 1. ethical
2. moral.
nE¢Ty /n\i.rut.j\/ <n\i.ru≤.tj\> adj.
south-west (direction).
nEved /n\i.ved/ <n\i.ve.d\> masc. the
food offered to a god or deity.
111
nEsigRk /n\i.s\r.gik/ <n\i.s\r.gi.k\> adj.
natural.
nokr /no.k\r/ <no.k\.r\> masc. a male
servant.
Nyay /njaj/ <nja.j\> masc. justice.
Nyaya0I= /nja.ja.dЛ™iГџ/ <nja.ja.dhii.Гџ\>
masc. a judge.
NyayI /njaji/ <nja.jii> adj. righteous.
nokr=ahI /no.k\r.Гџa.hi/ <no.k\.r\.Гџa.hii>
fem. a bureaucracy.
nokiryat /no.k\.ri.jat/ <no.k\.ri.ja.t\>
adj.
salaried (person).
notrvu& /no.t\r.vu~/ <no.t\.r\.vu~> v.tr. to
give a formal invitation on an auspicious
occasion.
notru& /not.ru~/ <no.t\.ru~> neut. a formal
invitation.
no0aru& /no.dЛ™a.ru~/ <no.dha.ru~> adj.
support less.
nobt /nob\t/ <no.b\.t\> fem. a big
drum used normally in temples.
nom /nom/ <no.m\> fem. ninth day of
the bright or dark half of a Hindu month.
noiXyo /no.Г†i.jo/ <no.Г†i.jo> masc. a
mongoose.
no&0 /nГё~dЛ™/ <no~.dh\> fem. a noting
down.
nOka /n\u.ka/ <n\u.ka> fem. a boat.
nOkadX /n\u.ka.d\Г†/ <n\u.ka.d\.Г†\>
neut. navy.
Nyat /njat/ <nja.t\> fem. a caste.
NyatIlu& /nja.ti.lu~/ <nja.tii.lu~> adj. a
person from the same caste.
p
pk6 /p\.k\ГЋ/ <p\.k\.ГЋ\> fem. an act of
holding or gripping.
pk6vu& /p\.k\ГЋ.vu~/ <p\.k\.ГЋ\.vu~> v.tr.
1. to hold 2. to catch 3. to grasp.
pkvvu& /p\.k\v.vu~/ <p\.k\.v\.vu~> v.tr.
1. to ripen 2. to cook 3. to produce
pkvan /p\k.van/ <p\.k\.va.n\> neut.
sweets.
px /p\k.Гџ\/ <p\.kГџ\> masc. 1. side 2. a
party (political).
pxa3at /p\k.Гџa.gЛ™at/ <p\.kГџa.gha.t\>
masc. paralysis.
pxpat /p\k.Гџ\.pat/ <p\.kГџ\.pa.t\>
masc. partiality.
pxapxI /p\k.Гџa.p\k.Гџi/ <p\.kГџa.p\.kГџii>
fem. discord.
pxI /p\k.Гџi/ <p\.kГџii> neut. a bird.
p`vaj /p\kЛ™.vaГ”/ <p\.kh\.va.Г”\> fem. a
kind of drum.
p`vai6yu& /p\kЛ™.va.ГЋi.ju~/
<p\.kh\.va.ГЋi.ju~> neut. a fortnight.
p`vai6k /p\kЛ™.va.ГЋik/ <p\.kh\.va.ГЋi.k\>
adj. fortnightly.
112
p`aXvu& /p\.k˙aÆ.vu~/ <p\.kha.Æ\.vu~> v.tr.
to wash (formal).
pCcIs /p\c.cis/ <p\.ccii.s\> adj. 25
(twenty five).
pg /p\g/ <p\.g\> masc. 1. a leg 2. a
foot.
p26a4 /p\ch.Îaˇ/ <p\.ch\.Îa.ˇ\> fem.
an act of being knocked.
pgi9yu& /p\.g\.tЛ™i.ju~/ <p\.g\.thi.ju~> neut.
a footstep.
p2a6vu& /p\.cЛ™aГЋ.vu~/ <p\.cha.ГЋ\.vu~> v.tr.
1. to throw 2. to defeat .
pgpaXu& /p\g.pa.Г†u~/ <p\.g\.pa.Г†u~> adj.
pedestrian.
p2at /p\.cЛ™at/ <p\.cha.t\> adj.
backward.
pgpesaro /p\g.pe.sa.ro/ <p\.g\.pe.sa.ro>
masc. intrusion.
p2I /p\.cЛ™i/ <p\.chii> postp.
afterwards.
pg-r /p\g.bЛ™\r/ <p\.g\.bh\.r\> adj.
self-reliant.
p2It /p\.cЛ™it/ <p\.chii.t\> fem. a rear
wall of a building.
pgr`u& /p\.g\r.kЛ™u~/ <p\.g\.r\.khu~> neut.
a shoe.
p2e6I /p\.cЛ™e.ГЋi/ <p\.che.ГЋii> fem. a
kind of shawl.
pgrv /p\g.r\v/ <p\.g\.r\.v\> masc.
the sound of foot-steps.
pjv8I /p\.Г”\v.ВЇi/ <p\.Г”\.v\.ВЇii> fem.
harassment.
pglu& /p\g.lu~/ <p\.g\.lu~> neut. a
footprint.
pjvvu& /p\.Г”\v.vu~/ <p\.Г”\.v\.vu~> v.tr. to
harass.
pgar /p\.gar/ <p\.ga.r\> masc. 1. pay
2. salary.
p4ko /p\Л‡.ko/ <p\.Л‡\.ko> masc. a small
piece of cloth used to wra round the
waist or
the head.
pgI /p\.gi/ <p\.gi> masc. 1. a foot-print
reader 2. a village watchman.
pgeru& /p\.ge.ru~/ <p\.ge.ru~> neut. a
foortprint.
pcr&gI /p\c.r\Лњ.gi/ <p\.c\.r\~.gii> adj.
colorful.
pcvu& /p\c.vu~/ <p\.c\.vu~> v.intr. to be
digested.
pcas /p\.cas/ <p\.ca.s\> adj. fifty.
p4p4 /p\Л‡.p\Л‡/ <p\.Л‡\.p\.Л‡\> advb.
quickly.
p4p4avvu& /p\Л‡.p\.Л‡av.vu~/
<p\.Л‡\.p\.Л‡a.v\.vu~> v.tr. to wag.
p4la; /p\Л‡.lai/ <p\.Л‡\.la.ii> fem. a
village headman’s duty.
113
p4la8I /p\Л‡.la.ВЇi/ <p\.Л‡\.la.ВЇii> fem. 1.
the wife of the village headman 2. the
wife of a Patel.
p4abaj /p\.Л‡a.baГ”/ <p\.Л‡a.ba.Г”\> adj.
skilled in swordsmanship.
[email protected] /p\.Л‡a.ba.Г”i/ <p\.Л‡a.ba.Г”ii> fem.
skill in swordmanship.
p4am8I /p\.Л‡am.ВЇi/ <p\.Л‡a.m\.ВЇii> fem.
deceit by flattering.
p6tI /p\ГЋ.ti/ <p\.ГЋ\.tii> fem. a fall.
p6tu& /p\ГЋ.tu~/ <p\.ГЋ\.tu~> adj. 1.
decaying 2. falling.
p6do /p\ГЋ.do/ <p\.ГЋ\.do> masc. a
curtain.
p6pU2 /p\ГЋ.pucЛ™/ <p\.ГЋ\.puu.ch\> fem.
inquiry.
p6vu& /p\ГЋ.vu~/ <p\.ГЋ\.vu~> v.intr. to fall.
p4avvu& /p\.Л‡av.vu~/ <p\.Л‡a.v\.vu~> v.tr. to
cheat by flattery.
p4avaXo /p\.Л‡a.va.Г†o/ <p\.Л‡a.va.Г†o> masc.
a peon.
p4\4I /p\Л‡.Л‡i/ <p\.Л‡Л‡ii> fem. a strip.
p4el /p\.Л‡el/ <p\.Л‡e.l\> masc. 1. the
headman of a caste 2. the headman of a
village 3. a surname so named 4. the
name of a community.
p4\4o /p\Л‡.Л‡o/ <p\.Л‡Л‡o> masc. a belt.
p6vo /p\ГЋ.vo/ <p\.ГЋ\.vo> masc. the
first day of the first or second fortnight
of a Hindu month.
p6av /p\.ГЋav/ <p\.ГЋa.v\> masc. a
camp.
pi6yo /p\.ГЋi.jo/ <p\.ГЋi.jo> masc. a bowl
made of leaves.
p6I /p\.ГЋi/ <p\.ГЋii> fem. a small
packet.
p6 /p\ГЋ/ <p\.ГЋ\> neut. a layer.
p6IkI /p\.ГЋi.ki/ <p\.ГЋii.kii> fem. a very
small packet.
p6kar /p\ГЋ.kar/ <p\.ГЋ\.ka.r\> masc. a
challenge.
p6Iku& /p\.ГЋi.ku~/ <p\.ГЋii.ku~> neut. a
small packet.
p6`u& /p\ГЋ.kЛ™u~/ <p\.ГЋ\.khu~> neut. a
side.
p8 /p\ВЇ/ <p\.ВЇ\> conj. 1. but 2. stll 3.
yet.
p62ayo /p\ГЋ.cЛ™a.jo/ <p\ГЋ.cha.jo> masc.
a shadow.
p82 /p\.ВЇ\cЛ™/ <p\.ВЇ\.ch\> fem. the
string of a bow.
p6tr /p\ГЋ.t\r/ <p\.ГЋ\.t\.r\> adj. a
base price.
pt /p\t/ <p\.Л‡\> neut. laprosy.
p6tr /p\ГЋ.t\r/ <p\.ГЋ\.t\.r\> adj.
uncultivated (land).
ptn /p\.t\n/ <p\.Л‡\.n\> neut. 1. a fall
2. a defeat.
114
ptrI /p\t.ri/ <p\.t\.rii> fem. a small
thin metal piece.
p{akar /p\.tr\.kar/ <p\.tr\.ka.r\> masc.
a journalist.
ptru& /p\t.ru~/ <p\.t\.ru~> neut. a sheet of
metal.
p{akar]v /p\tr.ka.r\t.r\/
<p\.tr\.ka.r\.tv\> neut. journalism.
ptvu& /p\t.vu~/ <p\.t\.vu~> v.intr. 1. to be
settled (account), 2. to end 3. to be
concluded.
p{aVyvhar /p\.tr\.vj\v.har/
<p\.tr\.vj\.v\.ha.r\> masc.
correspondance.
pt&g /p\.t\Лњ.g\/ <p\.t\~.g\> masc. a
kite.
pi{aka /p\.tri.ka/ <p\.tri.ka> fem. a
pamphlet.
pt&igyu& /p\.t\Лњ.gi.ju~/ <p\.t\~.gi.ju~> neut.
a butterfly.
p9raX /p\t˙.raÆ/ <p\.th\.ra.Æ\> adj.
stony.
ptak6u& /p\.tak.ГЋu~/ <p\.ta.k\.ГЋu~> neut.
a small piece of paper.
p9rI /p\tЛ™.ri/ <p\.th\.rii> fem. a small
stone.
ptav4 /p\.ta.v\Л‡/ <p\.ta.v\.Л‡\> fem. a
settlement.
p9ro /p\tЛ™.ro/ <p\.th\.ro> masc. a
stone.
ptavvu& /p\.tav.vu~/ <p\.ta.v\.vu~> v.tr. 1.
to settle 2. finalise.
p9arI /p\.tЛ™a.ri/ <p\.tha.rii> fem. a bed.
ptasu& /p\.ta.su~/ <p\.ta.su~> neut. a kind
of cookie.
pit /p\.ti/ <p\.ti> masc. the husband.
pityu& /p\.ti.ju~/ <p\.ti.ju~> adj. suffering
from leprosy.
p]au /p\t.tu~/ <p\.ttu~> neut. 1. a leaf 2. a
playing card.
p]ao /p\t.to/ <p\.tto> masc. 1.
whereabouts 2. address.
pTnI /p\t.ni/ <p\.tnii> fem. the wife.
p{a /p\t.r\/ <p\.tr\> masc. a letter.
p(9r /p\tЛ™.tЛ™\r/ <p\.thth\.r\> masc. a
stone.
pd /p\d/ <p\.d\> masc. a rank.
pd /p\d/ <p\.d\> neut. a sentential
phrase.
pdvI /p\d.vi/ <p\.d\.vii> fem. 1. a title
2. a rank.
pda9R /p\.dar.tЛ™\/ <p\.da.rth\> masc. 1.
a substance 2. an object.
pda9R /p\.dar.tЛ™\/ <p\.da.rth\> masc. a
meaning of phrase.
pdavil /p\.dav.li/ <p\.da.v\.li> fem.
diction.
115
pdavvu& /p\.dav.vu~/ <p\.da.v\.vu~> v.tr.
to cause work hard.
prgju /p\r.g\.Г”u~/ <p\.r\.g\.Г”u> adj.
benevolent.
p(9it /p\.dЛ™dЛ™\.ti/ <p\.dhdh\.ti> fem.
a method.
prgam /p\r.gam/ <p\.r\.ga.m\> neut.
another’s village.
pd\y /p\.dj\/ <p\.dj\> neut. verse.
prcUr8 /p\r.cu.r\ВЇ/ <p\.r\.cu.r\.ВЇ\>
neut. 1. change (coins), 2. miscellaneous.
p0ram8I /p\dЛ™.ram.ВЇi/
<p\.dh\.ra.m\.ВЇii> fem. a formal
visit.
prco /p\r.co/ <p\.r\.co> masc. a
miracle.
p0ravvu& /p\dЛ™.rav.vu~/ <p\.dh\.ra.v\.vu~>
v.tr. to offer respectfully.
[email protected] /p\r.Г”i.vi/ <p\.r\.Г”ii.vii> adj.
parasite.
p0arvu& /p\.0Л™ar.vu~/ <p\.dha.r\.vu~>
v.intr. to come or go respectfully.
pr8vu& /p\.r\ВЇ.vu~/ <p\.r\.ВЇ\.v~> v.tr. to
marry.
pno /p\.no/ <p\.no> masc. breadth of
cloth.
prt /p\.r\t/ <p\.r\.t\> advb. in return.
pnotI /p\.no.ti/ <p\.no.tii> fem.
misfortune.
pnotu& /p\.no.tu~/ <p\.no.tu~> adj.
auspicious.
ppEyu& /p\.p\i.ju~/ <p\.p\i.ju~> neut.
papaya.
pr /p\r/ <p\.r\> postp. 1. on 2. over 3.
above.
prkIy /p\r.kij/ <p\.r\.kii.j\> adj. 1.
belonging to others 2. belongingto
foreign.
pr` /p\.r\kЛ™/ <p\.r\.kh\> fem. 1. a test
2. an examination.
pr`avvu& /p\r.kЛ™av.vu~/ <p\.r\.kha.v\.vu~>
v.tr. to tell unscrupulously.
prt&{a /p\r.t\n.tr\/ <p\.r\.t\~.tr\> adj.
dependence.
prdado /p\r.da.do/ <p\.r\.da.do> masc.
a great grand-father.
prduЕ ` /p\r.dukЛ™/ <p\.r\.duЕ .kh\> neut.
other’s misery.
prde= /pre.deГџ/ <p\.r\.de.Гџ\> masc. a
foreign country.
prdo /p\r.do/ <p\.r\.do> masc. a
curtain.
pr0n /p\r.dЛ™\n/ <p\.r\.dh\.n\> neut.
other’s money or wealth.
pr0mR /p\r.dЛ™\r.ma/ <p\.r\.dh\.rm\>
masc. other’s religion.
prnatIlu& /p\r.na.ti.lu~/ <p\.r\.na,tii.lu~>
adj. belonging to others’ caste.
116
prpuruq /p\r.pu.ruГџ/ <p\.r\.pu.ru.sВ°\>
masc. a man other than one’s husband.
prv= /p\r.v\Гџ/ <p\.r\.v\.Гџ\> adj.
dependent.
prpo4I /p\r.po.Л‡i/ <p\.r\.po.Л‡ii> fem. a
small bubble.
prvX /p\r.v\ВЃ/ <p\.r\.v\.Г†\> neut. a
kind of vegetable.
prva /p\r.va/ <p\.r\.va> fem. care.
prpo4o /p\r.po.Л‡o/ <p\.r\.po.Л‡o> masc.
a big bubble.
prb /p\.r\b/ <p\.r\.b\> fem. a public
water house.
prbI6Iyu& /p\r.bi.ГЋi.ju~/ <p\.r\.bii.ГЋii.ju~>
neut. an envelope.
pr-v /p\r.bЛ™\v/ <p\.r\.bh\.v\> masc.
a previous or the next birth.
prm /p\.r\m/ <p\.r\.m\> adj. highest.
prma8u /p\r.ma.ВЇu/ <p\.r\.ma.ВЇu~>
neut. an atom.
prmaTma /p\r.mat.ma/ <p\.r\.ma.tma>
masc. 1. the supreme being 2. god.
prman&d /p\r.ma.nand/
<p\.r\.ma.n\~.d\> masc. supreme
bliss.
prvangI /p\r.van.gi/ <p\.r\.va.n\.gii>
fem. permission.
prvano /p\r.va.no/ <p\.r\.va.no> masc.
a licence.
prsevo /p\r.se.vo/ <p\.r\.se.vo> masc.
perspiration.
prS{aI /p\r.stri/ <p\.r\.strii> fem. other
than one’s wife.
prSpr /p\.r\s.p\r/ <p\.r\.sp\.r\> advb.
1. mutually 2. reciprocally.
pr&t u/p\.r\n.tu/ <p\.r\~.tu> advb. but.
pr&pra /p\.r\m.p\.ra/ <p\.r\~.p\.ra> fem.
a tradition.
pr&pragt /p\.r\m.p\.ra.g\t/
<p\.r\~.p\.ra.g\.t\> adj. traditional.
prma9R /p\r.mar.tЛ™\/ <p\.r\.ma.rth\>
masc. 1. the highest aim 2. benevolence.
prakaQ5a /p\.ra.kaГџ.tЛ™a/ <p\.r\.ka.sВ°Л‡a>
fem. 1. climax 2. extremity.
prmeВјr /p\r.meГџ.v\r/ <p\.r\.me.Гџv\.r\>
masc. god.
prak/m /p\.ra.kr\m/ <p\.ra.kr\.m\>
neut. 1. an adventure 2. heroism.
prlok /p\r.lok/ <p\.r\.lo.k\> masc. the
other world where the soul is believed o
be going after death.
prak/mI /p\.ra.kr\.mi/ <p\.ra.kr\.mii>
adj. enterprising.
prv6vu& /p\r.v\ГЋ.vu~/ <p\.r\.v\.ГЋ\.vu~>
exp. to afford.
prajy /p\.ra.Г”\j/ <p\.ra.Г”\.j\> masc. a
defeat.
117
pra8e /p\.ra.ВЇe/ <p\.ra.ВЇe> advb. 1.
unwillingly 2. forcibly.
pirml /p\.ri.m\l/ <p\.ri.m\.l\> fem.
fragrance.
pra0In /p\.ra.dЛ™in/ <p\.ra.dhii.n\> adj.
dependent.
pirvtRn /p\.ri.v\r.t\n/ <p\.ri.v\.rt\.n\>
neut. a change.
pirvar /p\.ri.var/ <p\.ri.va.r\> neut. a
family.
pram=R /p\.ra.m\r.Гџ\/ <p\.ra.m\.rГџ\>
masc. contact.
prayu& /p\.ra.ju~/ <p\.ra.ju~> adj. other’s
piri=Q4 /p\.ri.ГџiГџ.Л‡Л™\/ <p\.ri.Гџi.sВ°Л‡\> adj.
an appendix.
pir3 /p\.rigЛ™/ <p\.ri.dh\> masc.
circumference.
pir=Iln /p\.ri.Гџi.l\n/ <p\.ri.Гџii.l\.n\>
neut. deep study.
pircy /p\.ri.c\j/ <p\.ri.c\.j\> masc.
familiarity.
pir[am /p\.ri.Гџr\m/ <p\.ri.Гџr\.m\> masc.
hard work.
pircairka /p\.ri.ca.ri.ka/ <p\.ri.ca.ri.ka>
fem. a maid-servant.
pirqd /p\.ri.Гџ\d/ <p\.ri.sВ°\.d\> fem. an
assembly.
pirict /p\.ri.cit/ <p\.ri.ci.t\> adj.
knowing.
piriS9it /p\.riГџ.tЛ™i.ti/ <p\.ri.sthi.ti> fem.
circumstances.
pirC2ed /p\.ric.cЛ™ed/ <p\.ri.cche.d\>
masc. a paragraph.
prI /p\.ri/ <p\.rii> fem. a fairy.
pir8am /p\.ri.ВЇam/ <p\.ri.ВЇa.m\> neut.
1. result 2. outcome.
pir8It /p\.ri.ВЇit/ <p\.ri.ВЇii.t\> adj.
married.
pir0an /p\.ri.dЛ™an/ <p\.ri.dha.n\> neut.
clothing.
prIxk /p\.rik.Гџ\k/ <p\.rii.kГџ\.k\> masc.
an examinar.
prIx8 /p\.rik.Гџ\ВЇ/ <p\.rii.kГџ\.ВЇ\> neut.
a testing.
prIxa /p\.rik.Гџa/ <p\.ri.kГџa> fem.
examination.
pru /p\.ru/ <p\.ru> neut. pus.
pirpkv /p\.ri.p\k.v\/ <p\.ri.p\.kva>
adj. mature.
pirbX /p\.ri.b\ВЃ/ <p\.ri.b\.Г†\> neut. 1.
force 2. a factor.
pir-aqa /p\.ri.bЛ™a.Гџa/ <p\.ri.bha.sВ°a>
fem. terminology.
pru& /p\.ru~/ <p\.ru~> neut. a suburban
area.
pre=an /p\.re.Гџan/ <p\.re.Гџa.n\> adj.
perplexed.
118
prox /p\.rok.Гџ\/ <p\.ro.kГџ\> adj.
indirect.
pl&g /p\.l\Лњg/ <p\.l\~.g\> masc. a big
cot.
pro7 /p\.roГЋЛ™/ <p\.ro.ГЋh\> neut.
daybreak.
pla&5I /p\.la~.Л‡Л™i/ <p\.la~.Л‡hii> fem. a
posture of sitting with crossed-legs.
pro8o /p\.ro.ВЇo/ <p\.ro.ВЇo> masc. a
guest.
plIt /p\.lit/ <p\.lii.t\> neut. an evil
spirit.
propkar /p\.rop.kar/ <p\.ro.p\.ka.r\>
masc. benevolence.
plo4vu& /p\.loˇ.vu~/ <p\.lo.ˇ\.vu~> v.tr. to
train animals.
pvn /p\.v\n/ <p\.v\.n\> masc. wind.
propkarI /p\.rop.ka.ri/ <p\.ro.p\.ka.rii>
adj. benevolent.
piv{a /p\.vit.r\/ <p\.vi.tr\> adj. sacred.
provvu& /p\.rov.vu~/ <p].ro.v\.vu~> v.tr. 1.
to thread a needle 2. to string beads.
p=u /p\.Гџu/ <p\.Гџu> neut. a quadruped
animal.
pyaRPt /p\.ri.jap.t\/ <p\.rja.pt\> adj.
sufficient.
pВѕatap /p\Гџ.ca.tap/ <p\.Гџca.ta.p\>
masc. repentance.
pyuRq8 /p\r.ju.Гџ\ВЇ/ <p\.rju.sВ°\.ВЇ\> neut.
a festival of the Jains.
piВѕm /p\Гџ.cim/ <p\.Гџci.m\> adj.
western.
plk /p\.l\k/ <p\.l\.k\> fem. a moment.
piВѕm /p\Гџ.cim/ <p\.Гџci.m\> fem. the
west (direction).
plk /p\.l\k/ <p\.l\.k\> fem. a
twinkling of the eye.
ps&d /p\.s\nd/ <p\.s\~.d\> fem. choice.
plkaro /p\l.ka.ro/ <p\.l\.ka.ro> masc. a
twinkling.
pStavu& /p\s.ta.vu~/ <p\.sta.vu~> v.intr. to
repent.
pl48 /p\l.Л‡\ВЇ/ <p\.l\.Л‡\.ВЇ\> fem. a
battalion.
pStI /p\s.ti/ <p\.stii> fem. paper scrap.
pl4vu& /p\.l\Л‡.vu~/ <p\.l\.Л‡\.vu~> v.tarns.
to change.
pl4o /p\l.Л‡o/ <p\.l\.Л‡o> masc. a big
change.
plXvu& /p\.l\Г†.vu~/ <p\.l\.Г†\.vu~> v.intr.
to be drenched.
pha6 /p\.haГЋ/ <p\.ha.ГЋ\> masc. a
mountain.
pha8o /p\.ha.ВЇo/ <p\.ha.ВЇo> masc. a
stone.
pher8 /p\.he.r\ВЇ/ <p\.he.r\.ВЇ\> neut. a
kind of shirt.
119
phervu& /p\.her.vu~/ <p\.he.r\.vu~> v.tr. to
wear.
p&gt /p\Лњ.g\t/ <p\~.g\.t\> fem. a row of
diners.
pherve= /p\.her.veГџ/ <p\.he.r\.ve.Гџ\>
masc. dress.
p&c /p\Вµ.c\/ <p\~.c\> neut. a arbitrator
(traditionally a body of five arbitrators).
phero /p\.he.ro/ <p\.he.ro> masc. a
watch.
p&ca8u& /p\Вµ.ca.ВЇu~/ <p\~.ca.ВЇu~> adj.
ninty five.
phel /p\.hel/ <p\.he.l\> fem. an
initiation.
p&cat /p\Вµ.cat/ <p\~.ca.t\> fem. a body
of arbitrators.
phelvan /p\.hel.van/ <p\.he.l\.va.n\>
masc. a wrestler.
p&cam<t /p\µ.ca.mrut/ <p\~.ca.mru≤.t\>
neut. a mixture of milk, yogurt, ghee,
honey and sugar.
phelu& /p\.he.lu~/ <p\.he.lu~> adj. first.
pho&c /p\.ha~c/ <p\.ho~.c\> fem. a
receipt.
pho&c /p\.ha~c/ <p\.ha~.c\> fem. a power
affecting a person, thing, or course of
events.
pho&cvu& /p\.ha~c.vu~/ <p\.ha~.c\.vu~> v.intr.
1. to reach 2. to arrive.
p&cayt /p\Вµ.ca.j\t/ <p\~.ca.j\.t\> fem. an
executive body of a caste or village.
p&cal /p\Вµ.cal/ <p\~.ca.l\> masc. a
blacksmith.
p&cavn /p\Вµ.ca.v\n/ <p\~.ca.v\.n\> adj.
fifty five.
p&ca=I /p\Вµ.ca.Гџi/ <p\~.ca.Гџii> adj. eighty
five.
phoXu& /p\.ho.Г†u~/ <p\.ho.Г†u~> adj. broad.
pho&cI /p\.ha~.ci/ <p\.ha~.cii> fem.
wristler.
pho&co /p\.ha~.co/ <p\.ha~.co> masc. the
wrist.
pX /p\Г†/ <p\.Г†\> fem. 1. aperiod of
twenty four second 2. a moment.
p&ikt /p\Лњ.ki/ <p\~.kti> fem. a line.
p&`I /p\Лњ.kЛ™i/ <p\~.khii> neut. a bird.
p&`o /p\Лњ.kЛ™o/ <p\~.kho> masc. a fan.
p&ca&g /p\Вµ.ca~.Лњg\/ <p\~.ca~.g\> neut. an
almanac.
p&coter /p\Вµ.co.ter/ <p\~.co.te.r\> adj.
seventy five.
p&jo /p\Вµ.Г”o/ <p\~.Г”o> masc. 1. a paw 2.
a claw.
p&6 /p\ВЇ.ГЋ\/ <p\~.ГЋ\> neut. the human
body.
p&i6t /p\ВЇ.ГЋit/ <p\~.ВЇi.t\> masc. a
scholar.
120
p&9 /p\n.tЛ™/ <p\~.th\> masc. 1. a road, 2.
a sect 3. a cult.
pagl /pa.g\l/ <pa.g\.l\> adj. 1. mad 2.
lunatic.
p&dr /p\n.d\r/ <p\~.d\.r\> adj. fifteen.
pa36I /fem./ <pa.gh\.ГЋii> fem. turban.
p&paXvu& /p\m.paÆ.vu~/ <p\~.pa.Æ\.vu~> v.tr.
1. to pat 2. to fondle.
pa36I /fem./ <pa.gh\.ГЋii> fem. bribe.
pa /pa/ <pa> adj. one forth.
pa36I /fem./ <pa.gh\.ГЋii> fem. an
illegal payment for having tenancy rights
of a house, place etc.
pak /pak/ <pa.k\> masc. crop.
pak /pak/ <pa.k\> masc. pus.
pakvu& /pak.vu~/ <pa.k\.vu~> v.intr. to be
produced.
pakvu& /pak.vu~/ <pa.k\.vu~> v.intr. to
ripen.
pakvu& /pak.vu~/ <pa.t\.vu~> v.intr. the
formation of pus.
pacn /pa.c\n/ <pa.c\.n\> neut.
digestion.
pacn=ikt /pa.c\n.Гџ\k.ti/
<pa.c\.n\.Гџ\.kti> fem. digestive
power.
pa2lu& /pacЛ™.lu~/ <pa.ch\.lu~> adj. 1.
former 2. later.
pa2X /pa.cЛ™\Г†/ <pa.ch\.Г†\> postp.
behind.
pak=aS{a /pak.ГџaГџ.tr\/ <pa.k\.Гџa.Гџtr\>
neut. the science of cooking.
pa2u& /pa.cЛ™u~/ <pa.chu~> adj. again.
paku& /pa.ku~/ <pa.ku~> adj. ripened.
[email protected] /pa.Г”i/ <pa.Г”ii> adj. mean.
paku& /pa.ku~/ <pa.ku~> adj. properly
cooked.
pa4 /paˇ/ <pa.ˇ\> masc. a plank of
wood.
paku& /pa.ku~/ <pa.ku~> adj. 1. skillful 2.
shrewd.
pa4ngr /paˇ.n\.g\r/ <pa.ˇ\.n\.g\.r\>
neut. the capital of a country, state etc.
paixk /pak.Гџik/ <pa.kГџi.k\> adj.
fortnightly.
pa4lUn /paˇ.lun/ <pa.ˇ\.luu.n\> neut.
trousers.
pa`&6 /pa.kЛ™\ВЇГЋ/ <pa.kh\~.ГЋ\> neut.
deceit.
pai4yu& /pa.Л‡i.ju~/ <pa.Л‡i.ju~> neut. 1. a
board 2. a black-board.
pa`&6I /pa.kЛ™\ВЇ.ГЋi/ <pa.kh\~.ГЋii> adj.
deceitful.
pa4Idar /pa.Л‡i.dar/ <pa.Л‡i.da.r\> masc. a
name of a caste.
121
pa4u /pa.Л‡u~/ <pa.Л‡u> neut. a kick.
pa5 /paˇ˙/ <pa.ˇh\> masc. a reading.
pa8Icu& /pa.ВЇi.cu~/ <pa.ВЇii.cu~> neut.
discharge from a position of
employment:
pa5 /paˇ˙/ <pa.ˇh\> masc. a
punishment.
pa8Idar /pa.ВЇi.dar/ <pa.ВЇii.da.r\> adj.
sharp.
pa5 /paˇ˙/ <pa.ˇh\> masc. a school
lesson.
patXu& /pat.Г†u~/ <pa.t\.Г†u~> adj. thin.
pa5vvu& /pa.Л‡\v.vu~/ <pa.Л‡h\.v\.vu~> v.tr.
to send.
pa9r8u& /pa.tЛ™\r.ВЇu~/ neut. a carpet.
padrI /pad.ri/ <pa.d\.rii> masc. a
Christian priest.
pa6vu& /paГЋ.vu~/ <pa.ГЋ\.vu~> v.tr. to
cause to fall.
pan /pan/ <pa.n\> neut. a leaf.
pa6vu& /paГЋ.vu~/ <pa.ГЋ\.vu~> v.tr. to
draw.
pan`r /pan.kЛ™\r/ <pa.n\.kh\.r\> fem.
the fall (season).
pa6I /pa.ГЋi/ <pa.ГЋii> fem. a female calf
of a buffalo.
panI /pa.ni/ <pa.nii> fem. the heel.
pa6u& /pa.ГЋu~/ <pa.ГЋu~> neut. a calf of a
buffalo.
pa6o /pa.ГЋo/ <pa.ГЋo> masc. a male calf
of a buffalo.
pa6o= /pa.ГЋoГџ/ <pa.ГЋo.Гџ\> masc.
neighborhood.
pa6o=I /pa.ГЋo.Гџi/ <pa.ГЋo.Гџii> masc. a
neighbor.
panu& /pa.nu~/ <pa.nu~> neut. 1. a leaf of a
book 2. a playing card.
panetr /pa.ne.t\r/ <pa.ne.t\.r\> neut. a
wedding sari.
pap6 /pa.p\ГЋ/ <pa.p\.ГЋ\> masc. a food
item.
pap6I /pap.ГЋi/ <pa.p\.ГЋii> fem. a pod
of a kind of pulse.
papI /pa.pi/ <pa.pii> adj. sinful.
pa6o=8 /pa.ГЋo.Гџ\ВЇ/ <pa.ГЋo.Гџ\.ВЇ\> fem.
a female neighbor.
pai8yaru& /pa.ВЇi.ja.ru~/ <pa.ВЇi.ja.ru~> neut.
a water room in a house.
pa8I /pa.ВЇi/ <pa.ВЇii> neut. water.
pamr /pa.m\r/ <pa.m\.r\> adj.
miserable.
pamvu& /pam.vu~/ <pa.m\.vu~> v.dat. to
gain.
payjamo /paj.Г”a.mo/ <pa.j\.Г”a.mo> masc.
trousers.
122
paymal /paj.mal/ <pa.j\.ma.l\> adj. 1.
ruined 2. destroyed.
payl /pa.j\l/ <pa.j\.l\> neut. a tinkling
anklet.
payo /pa.jo/ <pa.j\.l\> masc. a
foundation.
pairjat /pa.ri.Г”at/ <pa.ri.Г”a.t\> neut. a
kind of flower plant.
pairtoiqk /pa.ri.to.Гџik/ <pa.ri.to.sВ°i.k\>
neut. a prize.
parevu& /pa.re.vu~/ <pa.re.vu~> neut. a
pegion.
parku& /par.ku~/ <pa.r\.ku~> adj. others’
palk /pa.l\k/ <pa.l\.k\> adj. a
guardian.
par`vu& /pa.r\kЛ™.vu~/ <pa.r\.kh\.vu~> v.tr.
to test.
pal`I /pal.kЛ™i/ <pa.l\.khii> fem. a
palanquin.
par`u& /par.kЛ™u~/ <pa.r\.khu~> neut. a test.
palvvu& /pa.l\v.vu~/ <pa.l\.v\.vu~> v.tr. to
rear.
par8u& /par.ВЇu~/ <pa.r\.ВЇu~> neut. a
cradle.
par8u& /par.ВЇu~/ <pa.r\.ВЇu~> neut. a
dinner after completation of a fast.
palvvu& /pa.l\v.vu~/ <pa.l\.v\.vu~> v.exp.
to afford.
palo /pa.lo/ <pa.lo> masc. green
foliage.
pard=Rk /par.d\r.Гџ\k/ <pa.r\.d\.rГџ\.k\>
adj. transparent.
pavtI /pav.ti/ <pa.v\.tii> fem. a receipt.
par3I /par.gЛ™i/ <pa.r\.ghii> masc. a
hunter.
pavr0u& /pa.v\r.dЛ™u~/ <pa.v\.r\.dhu~> adj.
proficient.
parsmi8 /pa.r\s.m\.ВЇi/
<pa.r\.s\.m\.ВЇii> masc. a
mythological stone that turnn iron
into gold.
pasu& /pa.su~/ <pa.su~> neut. a side.
parsI /par.si/ <pa.r\.sii> masc. a name
of a community.
par&gt /pa.r\m.g\t/ <pa.r\~.g\.t\> adj.
expert.
paray8 /pa.ra.j\ВЇ/ <pa.ra.j\.ВЇ\> neut. a
recitation of a religious text.
pase /pa.se/ <pa.se> postp. near.
paX /paÆ/ <pa.Æ\> fem. an edge of a
water form.
paXvu& /paÆ.vu~/ <pa.Æ\.vu~> v.tr. 1. to
foster 2. to bring up.
paiXyo /pa.Г†i.jo/ <pa.Г†i.jo> masc. a
memorial stone.
pa&` /pa~kЛ™/ <pa~.kh\> fem. a wing.
123
ip]a /pit.t\/ <pi.tt\> neut. bile.
pa&`6I /pa~kЛ™.ГЋi/ <pa~.kh\.ГЋii> fem. a
petal.
ip]aX /pit.t\Г†/ <pi.tt\.Г†\> neut. brass.
pa&`u& /pa~.kЛ™u~/ <pa~.khu~> adj. 1. not
dense 2. thinly catered.
ip{aa; /pit.rai/ <pi.tr\.ii> masc. a
cousin.
pa&grvu& /pa~.g\r.vu~/ <pa~.g\.r\.vu~> v.intr.
to blossom.
iptra; /pi.t\.rai/ <pi.t\.ra.ii> masc. a
cousin.
pa&c /pa~c/ <pa~.c\> adj. five.
ippU6I /pi.pu.ГЋi/ <pi.puu.ГЋii> fem. a
pipe-like whistle.
pa&cm /pa~.c\m/ <pa~.c\.m\> fem. the
fifth day of either of the fortnight of the
Hindu calander.
ipyr /pi.j\r/ <pi.j\.r\> neut. the paternal
house of a married woman.
pa&jrapoX /pa~Ô.ra.poÆ/ <pa~.Ô\.ra.po.Æ\>
fem. a charitable aylum for domestic
animals and birds.
ipyu /pi.ju/ <pi.ju> masc. a lover.
pa&jru& /pa~Г”.ru~/ <pa~.Г”\.ru~> neut. a cage.
ip=ac /pi.Гџac/ <pi.Гџa.c\> neut. ghost.
pa&{aIs /pa~t.ris/ <pa~.trii.s\> adj. thirty
five.
ipStaXIs /pis.ta.Г†is/ <pi.sta.Г†ii.s\> adj.
forty-five.
pa&9I /pa~.tЛ™i/ <pa~.thii> fem. the line
caused by combed hair.
ip&6I /piВЇ.ГЋi/ <pi~.ГЋii> fem. the calf of
the leg.
pa&d6I /pa~d.ГЋi/ <pa~.d\.ГЋii> fem. a small
tender leaf.
pIgXvu& /pi.g\Г†.vu~/ <pii.g\.Г†\.vu~> v.intr.
to melt.
pa&p8 /pa~.p\ВЇ/ <pa~.p\.ВЇ\> fem. the eyelash.
pI2u& /pi.cЛ™u~/ <pii.chu~> neut. a feather.
pa&s5 /pa~.s\Л‡Л™/ <pa~.s\.Л‡h\> adj. sixty
five.
pa&sXI /pa~.s\.Г†i/ <pa~.s\.Г†ii> fem. a rib.
ipckarI /pic.ka.ri/ <pi.c\.ka.rii> fem. a
kind of water-gun.
ipta /pi.ta/ <pi.ta> masc. the father.
ipLlu& /pil.lu~/ <pi.llu~> neut. a skein.
pI2eh5 /pi.cЛ™e.h\Л‡Л™/ <pii.che.h\.Л‡h\>
fem. a retreat.
pI2o /pi.cЛ™o/ <pii.cho> masc. a pursuit.
pI4vu& /piˇ.vu~/ <pii.ˇ\.vu~> v.tr. to beat
severely.
pI5 /piˇ˙/ <pii.ˇh\> fem. the back (of the
body).
124
pI5Ika /pi.Л‡Л™i.ka/ <pii.Л‡hii.ka> fem. a
background.
pI5I /pi.Л‡Л™i/ <pii.Л‡hii> fem. fragrant
yellow mixture applied to the bodies of
the bridegroom and the bride.
pI6a /pi.ГЋa/ <pii.ГЋa> fem. pain.
pI8u& /pi.ВЇu~/ <pii.ВЇu~> neut. drink.
pu~t /pukЛ™.t\/ <pu.kht\> adj. mature.
pu*y /puВЇ.j\/ <pu.ВЇj\> neut.
righteousness.
pu{a /put.r\/ <pu.tr\> masc. a son.
pu{av0U /put.r\.v\.dЛ™u/ <pu.tr\.v\.dhuu>
fem. a son’s wife.
pU{aI /put.ri/ <pu.trii> fem. a daughter.
pIp /pip/ <pii.p\> neut. a barrel.
punr\ /pu.n\r/ <pu.n\.r> advb. again.
pIpX /pi.p\Г†/ <pii.p\.Г†\> fem. a kind of
tree.
pIpXo /pip.Г†o/ <pii.p\.Г†o> fem. a kind of
tree.
pIrsvu& /pi.r\s.vu~/ <pii.r\.s\.vu~> v.tr. to
serve food (formal).
pIlvu& /pil.vu~/ <pii.l\.vu~> v.tr. to crush.
pIlu& /pi.lu~/ <pii.lu~> neut. a baby
chicken.
pIvu& /pi.vu~/ <pii.vu~> v.tr. to drink.
pIsvu& /pis.vu~/ <pii.s\.vu~> v.tr. to grind.
pIXa= /pi.Г†aГџ/ <pii.Г†a.Гџ\> fem.
yellowness.
pIXu& /pi.Г†u~/ <pii.Г†u~> adj. yellow.
pI&`vu& /pi~kЛ™.vu~/ <pi~.kh\.vu~> v.tr. to
ransack.
pI&jvu& /pi~µÔ.vu~/ <pi~.Ô\.vu~> v.tr. 1. to
card 2. to comb 3. to lengthen a talk etc.
unduly.
punravlokn /pun.rav.lo.k\n/
<pu.n\.ra.v\.lo.k\.n\> neut. a
revision.
puravtRn /pun.ra.v\r.t\n/
<pu.n\.ra.v\.rt\.n\> neut. a
repetition.
punrav<i]a /pun.ra.vrut.ti/
<pu.n\.ra.vr≤u.tti> fem. a reprint.
punruikt /pu.n\.ru.kti/ <pu.n\.ru.kti>
fem. a repetition (of an expression).
punjRNm /pu.n\r.Г”\n.m\/
<pu.n\.rГ”\.nm\> masc. a rebirth.
punlRGn /pu.n\r.l\g.n\/ <pu.n\.rl\.gn\>
neut. a remarriage.
puint /pu.nit/ <pu.ni.t\> adj. holy.
purbhar /pur.b\.har/ <pu.r\.b\.ha.r\>
adj. at the climax.
purv5o /pur.v\.Л‡Л™o/ <pu.r\.v\.Л‡ho> masc.
supply.
125
purv8I /pu.r\v.ВЇi/ <pu.r\.v\.ВЇii> fem. a
supplement.
puiStka /pus.ti.ka/ <pu.sti.ka> fem. a
booklet.
purvar /pur.var/ <pu.r\.va.r\> adj.
proved.
puiLl&g /pul.ling/ <pu.lli~.g\> neut.
masculine.
purSktaR /pu.r\s.k\r.ta/ <pu.r\.sk\.rta>
masc. an originator.
pU2pr2 /pucЛ™.p\.r\cЛ™/
<puu.ch\.p\.r\.ch\> fem. a verbal
inquiry.
purSkar /pu.r\s.kar/ <pu.r\.ska.r\>
masc. a prize.
pura8 /pu.raВЇ/ <pu.ra.ВЇ\> neut. Purana.
pura8u& /pu.ra.ВЇu~/ <pu.ra.ВЇu~> adj. 1.
ancient 2. old.
puratn /pu.ra.t\n/ <pu.ra.t\.n\> adj.
ancient.
puravo /pu.ra.vo/ <pu.ra.vo> masc. 1. a
proof 2. an evidence 3. a testimony.
pura&t /pu.ra~nt/ <pu.ra~.t\> fem. balance
(in account).
puruq /pu.ruГџ/ <pu.ru.sВ°\> masc. 1. a
man 2. a husband.
puroiht /pu.ro.hit/ <pu.ro.hi.t\> masc. a
family prist.
pulav /pu.lav/ <pu.la.v\> masc. a food
item (made of rice).
puQkX /puГџ.k\ВЃ/ <pu.sВ°k\.Г†\> adj.
plentiful.
pU2vu& /pucЛ™.vu~/ <puu.ch\.vu~> v.tr. 1. to
ask 2. to inquire.
pUjvu& /puГ”.vu~/ <puu.Г”\.vu~> v.tr. to
worship.
pUja /pu.Г”a/ <puu.Г”a> fem. worship.
pUjapo /pu.Г”a.po/ <puu.Г”a.po> masc.
articles of worship.
pUjar8 /pu.Г”a.r\ВЇ/ <puu.Г”a.r\.ВЇ\> fem.
a female worshiper.
pUjarI /pu.Г”a.ri/ <puu.Г”a.rii> masc. a
male worshiper.
pUjy /puГ”.j\/ <puu.Г”j\> adj. worth
worshiping (lit. meaning). Used to
address
the elders in letter writing.
pU5 /puˇ˙/ <puu.ˇh\> fem. the back.
pUtXI /put.Г†i/ <puu.t\.Г†ii> fem. 1. a doll
2. the pupil of the eye.
puQp /puГџ.p\/ <pu.sВ°p\> neut. a flower.
pUrk /pu.r\k/ <pu.r\.k\> adj.
supplementary.
puStk /pus.t\k/ <pu.st\.k\> neut. a
book.
pUrtu& /pur.tu~/ <puu.r\.tu~> adj.
sufficient.
126
pUrpa4 /pur.paˇ/ <puu.r\.pa.ˇ\> advb.
at full speed.
pUXo /pu.Г†o/ <puu.Г†o> masc. a bundle of
grass.
pUrvu& /pur.vu~/ <puu.r\.vu~> v.tr. to fill
up air etc.
pU&26u& /pu~cЛ™.ГЋu~/ <puu~.ch\.ГЋu~> neut. a
tail.
pUrI /pu.ri/ <puu.rii> fem. a food item.
pU&@ /pu~.Г”i/ <puu~.Г”ii> fem. wealth.
pUru& /pu.ru~/ <puu.ru~> adj. complete.
pU&jo /pu~.Г”o/ <puu~.Г”o> masc. dirt.
pUrepUru& /pu.re.pu.ru~/ <puu.re.pu.ru~> adj.
absolutely complete.
p<(9kr8 /pru.tЛ™\k.k\.r\ВЇ/
<pr≤u.thth\.k\.r\.¯\> neut. analysis.
pU8R /pur.ВЇ\/ <puu.rВЇ\> adj. complete.
p<(vI /pru.t˙vi/ <pr≤uth\.vii> fem. the
earth.
pU8Rivram /pur.ВЇ\.vi.ram/
<puu.rВЇ\.vi.ra.m\> neut. a full-stop.
pU8aR&k /pur.ВЇa~k/ <puu.rВЇa~.k\> masc. an
integer.
pUi8Rma /pur.ВЇi.ma/ <puu.rВЇi.ma> fem. a
full moon day.
pe4 /peˇ/ <pe.ˇ\> neut. 1. the stomach 2,
the belly.
pe4-ru& /peˇ.b˙\.ru~`/ <pe.ˇ\.bh\.ru~> adj.
self-centered.
pe4avvu& /pe.Л‡av.vu~/ <pe.Л‡a.v\.vu~> v.tr. 1.
to light 2. to ignite 3. to kindle.
pUvR /pur.v\/ <puu.rv\> adj. east.
pe4I /pe.Л‡i/ <pe.Л‡ii> fem. a box.
pUvRg/h /pur.v\.gr\.h\/ <puu.rv\.gr\.h\>
masc. prejudice.
pUvRj /pur.v\Г”/ <puu.rv\.Г”\> masc. an
ancestor.
pUvRjNm /pur.v\.Г”\n.m\/
<puu.rv\.Г”\.nm\> masc. a previous
birth.
pe7I /pe.ГЋЛ™i/ <pe.ГЋhii> fem. a business
house.
pe7u& /pe.ГЋЛ™u~/ <pe.ГЋhu~> neut. the gum of
a tooth.
pe8I /pВґ.ВЇi/ <pe.ВЇii> fem. a frying pan.
pelu& /pe.lu~/ <pe.lu~> pron. that.
pUvRpx /pur.v\.p\k.Гџ\/ <puu.rv\.p\.kГџ\>
masc. an initail argument.
pe=ab /pe.Гџab/ <pe.Гџa.b\> masc. urine.
pUvaRpr /pur.va.p\r/ <puu.rva.p\.r\>
adj. contextual.
pesvu& /pes.vu~/ <pe.s\.vu~> v.intr. to
eneter.
127
pe&6o /peВЇ.ГЋo/ <pe~.ГЋo> masc. a kind of
sweet.
pe&tro /pВґ~t.ro/ <pe~.t\.ro> masc. a
stratagem.
pote /po.te/ <po.te> pron. self.
po9I /po.tЛ™i/ <po.thii> fem. an unbound
book.
pE6u& /p\i.ГЋu~/ <p\i.ГЋu~> neut. a wheel.
podXo /pod.Г†o/ <po.d\.Г†o> masc. a lump
of fresh dung.
pEsadar /p\i.sa.dar/ <p\i.sa.da.r\> adj.
rich.
popcu& /pop.cu~/ <po.p\.cu~> neut. the
eye-lid.
pEso /p\i.so/ <p\i.so> masc. 1. money
2. a one paisa coin.
pop4 /po.p\Л‡/ <po.p\.Л‡\> masc. a
parrot.
pok /pok/ <po.k\> fem. a lod cry of
wailing.
pop6o /pop.ГЋo/ <po.p\.ГЋo> masc. a thin
crust.
pokX /po.k\Г†/ <po.k\.Г†\> adj. hollow.
poy8u& /poj.ВЇu~/ <po.j\.ВЇu~> neut. a white
lotus.
pokar /po.kar/ <po.ka.r\> masc. a loud
cry.
polad /po.lad/ <po.la.d\> neut. steel.
pocu& /po.cu~/ <po.chu~> adj. soft.
polu& /po.lu~/ <po.lu~> adj. hollow.
po4lI /poˇ.li/ <po.ˇ\.lii> fem. a small
bundle.
po=ak /po.Гџak/ <po.Гџa.k\> masc.
apparel.
po5 /poˇ˙/ <po.ˇh\> fem. a caravan.
poq /poГџ/ <po.sВ°\> masc. the third
month of the Vikram samvat.
po7vu& /poГЋЛ™.vu~/ <po.ГЋh\.vu~> v.intr. to
sleep (literary, formal).
poqk /po.Гџ\k/ <po.sВ°\.k\> adj. nutritive.
po8u& /po.ВЇu~/ <po.ВЇu~> adj. equal to
three quarters.
poq8 /po.Гџ\ВЇ/ <po.sВ°\.ВЇ\> neut. 1.
nourishment 2. nutrition.
po8oso /po.ВЇo.so/ <po.ВЇo.so> adj. 3/4th
of hundred.
poX /poÆ/ <po.Æ\> fem. a street
(originally with a gate).
pot /pot/ <po.t\> neut. texture.
po&k /pГё~k/ <po~.k\> masc. roasted green
grains of ceratin corns such as wheat,
etc.
potu& /po.tu~/ <po.tu~> neut. a wet piece of
cloth used for cleaning various surfaces.
128
po&`vu& /pГё~kЛ™.vu~/ <po~.kh\.vu~> v.tr. the
formal ritual of receiving bride and
bridegroom.
pO{a /p\ut.r\/ <p\u.tr\> masc. a
grandson.
pO{aI /p\ut.ri/ <p\u.trii> fem. a
granddaughter.
pOrai8k /p\u.ra.ВЇik/ <p\u.ra.ВЇi.k\> adj.
related to the Puranas.
pOiQ4k /p\uГџ.Л‡ik/ <p\u.sВ°Л‡i.k\> adj.
nutritious.
pOAa /p\u.a/ <p\u.a> masc. a kind of
rice flake.
p/g4vu& /pr\.g\Л‡.vu~/ <pr\.g\.Л‡\.vu~>
v.intr. to come into existence.
p/git /pr\.g\.ti/ <pr\.g\.ti> fem.
progress.
p/cilt /pr\.c\.lit/ <pr\.c\.li.t\> adj.
prevalent.
p/c&6 /pr\.c\ВЇ.ГЋ\/ <pr\.c\~.ГЋ\> adj.
terribly huge.
p/car /pr\.car/ <pr\.ca.r\> masc.
propaganda.
p/cur /pr\.cur/ <pr\.cu.r\> adj.
excessive.
p/k4 /pr\.k\Л‡/ <pr\.k\.Л‡\> adj. open.
p/C2Nn /pr\.cЛ™\nn/ <pr\.ch\.nn\> adj.
covered.
p/kr8 /pr\k.r\ВЇ/ <pr\.k\.r\.ВЇ\> neut.
1. a chapter 2. a subject.
p/jnn /pr\.Г”\.n\n/ <pr\.Г”\.n\.n\> neut.
biological reproduction
p/kar /pr\.kar/ <pr\.ka.r\> masc. 1. sort
2. kind.
p/jXvu& /pr\.Г”\Г†.vu~/ <pr\.Г”\.Г†\.vu~> v.intr.
to burn.
p/ka= /pr\.kaГџ/ <pr\.ka.Гџ\> masc. light.
p/ja /pr\.Г”a/ <pr\.Г”a> fem. people.
p/ka=vu& /pr\.kaГџ.vu~/ <pr\.ka.Гџ\.vu~>
v.intr. 1. to shine 2. to glow.
p/jas]aak /pr\.Г”a.s\t.tak/
<pra.Г”a.s\.tta.k\> adj. republic.
p/k<it /pr\.kru.ti/ <pr\.kr≤u.ti> fem.
nature.
p/8am /pr\.ВЇam/ <pr\.ВЇa.m\> masc. 1.
a bow 2. a salutation.
p/kop /pr\.kop/ <pr\.ko.p\> masc.
anger.
p/8alI /pr\.ВЇa.li/ <pr\.ВЇa.mii> fem. 1. a
custom 2. a tradition.
p/k/Iya /pr\.kri.ja/ <pr\.krii.ja> fem. a
method.
p/8alIka /pr\.ВЇa.li.ka/ <pr\.ВЇa.lii.ka>
fem. 1. a custom 2. a tradition.
p/~yat /pr\kЛ™.jat/ <pr\.khja.t\> adj.
renowned.
p/8eta /pr\.ВЇe.ta/ <pr\.ВЇe.ta> masc. 1.
the author 2. the originator.
129
p/t /pr\t/ <pr\.t\> fem. a copy of a
book.
p/itvad /pr\.ti.vad/ <pr\.ti.va.d\> masc.
refutation.
p/it /pr\.ti/ <pr\.ti> postp. towards.
p/itQ5a /pr\.tiГџ.Л‡Л™a/ <pr\.ti.sВ°Л‡ha> fem.
reputation.
p/itkar /pr\.ti.kar/ <pr\.ti.k\.r\> masc.
resistance.
p/itkaVy /pr\.ti.kav.j\/ <pr\.ti.ka.vj\>
neut. a parody.
p/itkUX /pr\.ti.kuÆ/ <pr\.ti.kuu.Æ\> adj.
unsuitable.
p/itik/ya /pr\.ti.kri.ja/ <pr\.ti.kri.ja> fem.
reaction.
p/it3oq /pr\.ti.gЛ™oГџ/ <pr\.ti.gho.sВ°\>
masc. an echo.
p/it}aa /pr\.tig.na/ <pr\.ti.gna> fem. 1. a
vow 2. a promise.
p/it)vin /pr\.ti.dЛ™v\.ni/ <pr\.ti.dhv.ni>
masc. an echo.
p/itini0 /pr\.ti.ni.dЛ™i/ <pr\.ti.ni.dhi>
masc. a representative.
p/itpx /pr\.ti.p\k.Гџ\/ <pr\.ti.p\.kГџ\>
masc. an opposite argument.
p/itb&0 /pr\.ti.b\n.dЛ™\/ <pr\.ti.b\~.dh\>
masc. 1. prohibition 2. restriction.
p/itib&b /pr\.ti.bim.b\/ <pr\.ti.bi~.b\>
neut. a reflection.
p/it-a /pr\.ti.bЛ™a/ <pr\.ti.bha> fem.
natural or extraordinary mental faculty.
p/itro0 /pr\.ti.rodЛ™/ <pr\.ti.ro.dh\>
masc. resistance.
p/itSp0IR /pr\.ti.sp\r.dЛ™i/
<pr\.ti.sp\.rdhii> masc. a rival.
p/ithar /pr\.ti.har/ <pr\.ti.ha.r\> masc.
a gate-keeper.
p/tIk /pr\.tik/ <pr\.tii.k\> neut. a
symbol.
p/tIxa /pr\.tik.Гџa/ <pr\.tii.kГџa> fem. a
waiting for.
p/tIit /pr\.ti.ti/ <pr\.tii.ti> fem.
conviction.
p/Tyx /pr\.tj\k.Гџ\/ <pr\.tj\.kГџ\> adj. 1.
visible 2. the knowledge gain through
senses.
p/Tyy /pr\.tj\.j\/ <pr\.tj\.j\> masc. an
affix.
p/Ty&Cya /pr\.tj\n.ca/ <pr\.tj\~.ca> fem.
the string of a bow.
p/Tyagmn /pr\t.ja.g\.m\n/
<pr\.tja.g\.m\.n\> neut. a return.
p/Tyu]ar /pr\t.u.tt\r/ masc. 1. a reply 2. a
rejoinder.
p/Tye /pr\t.je/ <pr\.tje> postp. 1. at 2.
towards.
p/Tyek /pr\t.jek/ <pr\.tje.k\> adj. every
one.
130
p/9m /pr\.tЛ™\m/ <pr\.th\.m\> adj. 1.
first 2. fundamental 3. initial.
p/-av /pr\.bЛ™av/ <pr\.bha.v\> masc. 1.
effectiveness 2. influence.
p/9ma /pr\.tЛ™\.ma/ <pr\.th\.ma> fem. a
nominative case.
p/-u /pr\.bЛ™u/ <pr\.bhu> masc. god.
p/9a /pr\.tЛ™a/ <pr\.tha> fem. 1. a custom
2. a tradition.
p/dix8a /pr\.d\k.Гџi.ВЇa/ <pr\.d\.kГџi.ВЇa>
fem. moving circular (left to right)
motion round a person or thing as a part
of a religious ritual.
p/-u]v /pr\.bЛ™ut.v\/ <pr\.bhu.ttv\>
neut. mastery.
p/m]a /pr\.m\t.t\/ <pr\.m\.tt\> adj.
excited.
p/ma8 /pr\.maВЇ/ <pr\.ma.ВЇ\> neut. 1.
norm 2. standard 3. proof (in logic).
p/d=Rk /pr\.d\r.Гџ\k/ <pr\.d\.rГџ\.k\>
masc. exhibitor.
p/ma8-Ut /pr\.maВЇ.bЛ™ut/
<pr\.ma.ВЇ\.bhuu.t\> adj. reliable.
p/d=Rn /pr\.d\r.Гџ\n/ <pr\.d\.rГџ\.n\>
neut. exhibition.
p/mai8k /pr\.ma.ВЇik/ <pr\.ma.ВЇi.k\>
adj. honesty.
p/dan /pr\.dan/ <pr\.da.n\> neut.
contribution.
p/mad /pr\.mad/ <pr\.ma.d\> masc.
laziness.
p/de= /pr\.deГџ/ <pr\.de.Гџ\> masc. 1. a
region 2. territory.
p/mu` /pr\.mukЛ™/ <pr\.mu.kh\> masc.
1. chief 2. president.
p/doq /pr\.doГџ/ <pr\.do.sВ°\> masc. dusk.
p/mey /pr\.me.j\/ <pr\.me.j\> masc. a
theorem.
p/0an /pr\.dЛ™n/ <pr\.dha.n\> masc.
minister.
p/p&c /pr\.p\Вµc/ <pr\.p\~.c\> masc.
deceit.
p/bX /pr\.b\Г†/ <pr\.b\.Г†\> adj. very
strong.
p/-at /pr\.bЛ™at/ <pr\.bha.t\> neut.
dawn.
p/-aityu& /pr\.bЛ™a.ti.ju~/ <pr\.bha.ti.ju~>
neut. a devotional song that sung at
dawn.
p/yTn /pr\.j\t.n\/ <pr\.j\.tn\> masc. an
effort.
p/ya8 /pr\.jaВЇ/ <pr\.ja.ВЇ\> neut. a
departure.
p/yas /pr\.jas/ <pr\.ja.s\> masc. an
effort.
p/yog /pr\.jog/ <pr\.jo.g\> masc. 1. an
experiment 2. a trial.
131
p/yojk /pr\.jo.Г”\k/ <pr\.jo.Г”\.k\> masc.
an organizer.
p/s&=a /pr\.Гџ\m.Гџa/ <pr\.s\~.Гџa> fem.
eulogy.
p/ly /pr\.l\j/ <pr\.l\.j\> masc.
destruction of the creation by a deluge.
p/ВЅ /pr\Гџ.n\/ <pr\.Гџn\> masc. a
question.
p/lap /pr\.lap/ <pr\.la.p\> masc. 1.
lamentation 2. prattle.
p/ВЅp{a /pr\Гџ.n\.p\t.r\/ <pr\.Гџn\.p\.tr\>
neut. a question paper.
p/lo-n /pr\.lo.bЛ™\n/ <pr\.lo.bh\.n\>
neut. a temptation.
p/sNn /pr\.s\n.n\/ <pr\.s\.nn\> adj. 1.
pleased 2. satisfied.
p/vcn /pr\.v\.c\n/ <pr\.v\.c\.n\> neut.
a lecture.
p/srvu& /pr\.s\r.vu~/ <pr\.s\.r\.vu~> v.intr.
to spread.
p/vah /pre.vah/ <pr\.va.h\> masc. 1. a
flow 2. a current.
p/s&g /pr\.s\Лњg/ <pr\.s\~.g\> masc. 1. an
occasion 2. an event.
p/vahI /pr\.va.hi/ <pr\.va.hii> fem.
liquid.
p/sad /pr\.sad/ <pr\.sa.d\> masc. 1.
grace 2. favor.
p/vahI /pr\.va.hi/ <pr\.va.hii> adj.
liquid.
p/sadI /pr\.sa.di/ <pr\.sa.dii> fem. 1a
thing or etable offered to a deity.
p/vI8 /pr\.viВЇ/ <pr\.vii.ВЇ\> adj. expert.
p/sa0n /pr\.sa.dЛ™\n/ <pr\.sa.dh\.n\>
neut. equipment.
p/v<i]a /pr\.vrut.ti/ <pr\.vr≤u.tti> fem.
activity.
p/ve= /pr\.veГџ/ <pr\.ve.Гџ\> masc.
entrance.
p/ve=k /pr\.ve.Гџ\k/ <pr\.ve.Гџ\.k\> masc.
introduction of a book or a play etc.
p/vei=ka /pr\.ve.Гџi.ka/ <pr\.ve.Гџi.ka> fem.
an introductory book.
p/=iSt /pr\.Гџ\s.ti/ <pr\.Гџ\.sti> fem.
eulogy.
p/s&=k /pr\.Гџ\m.Гџ\k/ <pr\.s\~.Гџ\.k\>
masc. admirer.
p/sar /pr\.sar/ <pr\.sa.r\> masc.
spread.
p/is)0 /pr\.sidЛ™.dЛ™\/ <pr\.si.dhdh\> adj.
famous.
p/Stav /pr\s.tav/ <pr\.sta.v\> masc. a
proposal.
p/S9an /pr\s.tЛ™an/ <pr\.stha.n\> neut. a
departure.
p/hsn /pr\.h\.s\n/ <pr\.h\.s\.n\> neut.
a comical play.
p/har /pr\.har/ <pr\.ha.r\> masc. 1. a
blow 2. a striking.
132
p/acIn /pra.cin/ <pra.cii.n\> adj.
ancient.
p/exk /prek.Гџ\k/ <pre.kГџ\.k\> masc. 1.
an onlooker 2. a member in audience 3. a
spectator.
p/a8 /pr\ВЇ/ <pra.ВЇ\> masc. breath.
p/et /pret/ <pre.t\> neut. a ghost.
p/a8I /pra.ВЇi/ <pra.ВЇii> neut. an animal.
p/em /prem/ <pre.m\> masc. love.
p/a9imk /pratЛ™.mik/ <pra.th\.mi.k\> adj.
primary.
p/erk /pre.r\k/ <pre.r\.k\> adj. 1.
inspiring 2. causal (form).
p/adei=k /pra.de.Гџik/ <pra.de.Гџi.k\> adj.
1. regional 2. territorial.
p/er8a /pre.r\.ВЇa/ <pre.r\.ВЇa> fem.
inspiration.
p/a0aNy /pra.dЛ™an.j\/ <pra.dha.nj\> neut.
priority.
p/ervu& /prer.vu~/ <pre.r\.vu~> v.tr. 1. to
inspire 2. to encourage.
p/a)yapk /pra.dЛ™ja.p\k/ <pra.dhja.p\.k\>
masc. a professor.
p/oTsahn /prot.sa.h\n/ <pro.tsa.h\.n\>
neut. encouragement.
p/ayiВѕt /pra.j\Гџ.cit/ <pra.j\.Гџci.t\> neut.
repentance.
p/O7 /pr\uГЋЛ™/ <pr\u.ГЋh\> adj. mature.
p/ayoigk /pra.jo.gik/ <pra.jo.gi.k\> adj.
experimental.
f
p/arB0 /pra.r\b.dЛ™\/ <pra.r\.bdh\> neut.
1. fate 2. destiny.
fkro /pЛ™\k.ro/ <ph\.k\.ro> masc. a
paragraph.
p/as /pras/ <pra.s\> masc. rhyming.
fkIr /pЛ™\.kir/ <ph\.kii.r\> masc. a
Muslim ascetic.
p/as&igk /pra.s\m.gik/ <pra.s\~.gi.k\>
adj. 1. unusual 2. incidental.
p/a&t /prant/ <pra~.t\> masc. a province.
ip/y /pri.j\/ <pri.j\> adj. 1. dear 2.
beloved.
p/It /prit/ <prii.t\> fem. 1. love 2.
affection.
fkIrI /pЛ™\.ki.ri/ <ph\.kii.rii> fem.
saintly life.
fKt /pЛ™\k.t\/ <ph\.kt\> advb. only.
fgavvu& /pЛ™\.gav.vu~/ <ph\.ga.v\.vu~> v.tr.
to reject (little rudely).
fjetI /pЛ™\.Г”e.ti/ <ph\.Г”e.tii> fem.
disgrace.
f4 /p˙\ˇ/ <ph\.ˇ\> advb. `shame shame’
133
f4k6I /pЛ™\.Л‡\k.ГЋi/ <ph\.Л‡\.k\.ГЋii> fem.
alum.
f4kvu& /pЛ™\.Л‡\k.vu~/ <ph\.Л‡\.k\.vu~> v.intr.
to go astray.
f8sI /pЛ™\ВЇ.si/ fem. a kind of vegetable
pod.
ftvo /pЛ™\t.vo/ masc. a religious
command (in Islam).
fteh /pЛ™\.teh/ <ph\.te.h\> fem. victory.
f4karvu& /pЛ™\Л‡.kar.vu~/ <ph\.Л‡\.ka.v\.vu~>
v.tr. 1. to beat 2. to give a blow 3. to hit
(a ball).
ffXtu& /pЛ™\.pЛ™\Г†.tu~/ <ph\.ph\.Г†\.tu~> adj.
boiling.
f4kIyu& /pЛ™\.Л‡\k.(i).ju~/ <ph\.Л‡\.kii.ju~> adj.
easily breakable.
frk /pЛ™\.r\k/ <ph\.r\.k\> masc.
difference.
f4ko /pЛ™\Л‡.ko/ <ph\.Л‡\.ko> masc. loss
(in business).
frkvu& /pЛ™\.r\k.vu~/ <ph\.r\.k\.vu~>
v.intr. to flutter.
f4ko /pЛ™\Л‡.ko/ <ph\.Л‡\.ko> masc. a
young beautiful girl. (slang).
frj /pЛ™\.r\Г”/ <ph\.r\.Г”\> fem. duty.
f4ak6o /pЛ™\.Л‡ak.ГЋo/ <ph\.Л‡\.k\.ГЋo> masc.
a fire-cracker.
f4a8u& /pЛ™\.Л‡a.ВЇu~/ <ph\.Л‡\.ВЇu~> neut. an
abusive marriage song.
f6k /pЛ™\.ГЋ\k/ <ph\.ГЋ\.k\> fem. a flap
of a garment.
f6ko /pЛ™\ГЋ.ko/ <ph\.ГЋ\.ko> masc.
sudden terror.
f6co /pЛ™\ГЋ.co/ <ph\.ГЋ\.co> masc. 1.
disposal 2. liquidation of debts.
f4af4 /pЛ™\.Л‡a.pЛ™\Л‡/ <p\.Л‡a.ph\.Л‡\> advb.
non-stop.
f8go /pЛ™\ВЇ.go/ <ph\.ВЇ\.ko> masc. a
shoot (of a plant, etc.).
f8s /pЛ™\.ВЇ\s/ neut. a kind of fruit.
frijyat /pЛ™\r.Г”i.jat/ <ph\.r\.Г”i.ja.t\> adj.
compulsory.
frtaram /pЛ™\r.ta.ram/ <ph\.r\.ta.ra.m\>
masc. a wandering man.
frtu& /pЛ™\r.tu~/ <ph\.r\.tu~> adj.
surrounding.
frfiryu& /pЛ™\r.pЛ™\r.(i).ju~/
<ph\.r\.ph\.ri.ju~> neut. a pamphlet.
frman /pЛ™\r.man/ <ph\.r\.ma.n\> neut.
an order.
frvu& /pЛ™\r.vu~/ <ph\.r\.vu~> v.intr. to
move.
frsa8 /pЛ™\r.saВЇ/ <ph\.r\.sa.ВЇ\> neut.
fried tasty food items.
frak /pЛ™\.rak/ <ph\.ra.k\> neut. a
frock.
134
fraX /p˙\.raÆ/ <ph\.ra.Æ\> masc. light
food taken while fasting.
firyad /pЛ™\.ri.jad/ <ph\.ri.ja.d\> fem. a
complain.
firyadI /pЛ™\.ri.ja.di/ <ph\.ri.ja.dii>
masc. a complainant.
f&6 /pЛ™\nГЋ/ <ph\~.ГЋ\> masc. fund.
f&fosvu& /pЛ™\m.pЛ™os.vu~/ <ph\~.pho.s\.vu~>
v.tr. to search minutely.
fakvu& /pЛ™\k.vu~/ <pha.k\.vu~> v.tr. to
have a mouthful of a powdery thing.
frI /pЛ™\.ri/ <ph\.rii> advb. again.
fakI /pЛ™a.ki/ <pha.kii> fem. powdered
medicine.
fla8u& /pЛ™\.la.ВЇu~/ <ph\.la.ВЇu~> neut. 1.
some one 2. some thing.
fako /pЛ™a.ko/ <pha.ko> masc. an act of
placing a mouthful of a powdery thing.
flahar /pЛ™\.la.har/ <ph\.la.ha.r\> masc.
fruit diet.
fag8 /pЛ™a.g\ВЇ/ <pha.g\.ВЇ\> masc. the
fifth month of the Vikram year.
fskvu& /pЛ™\.s\k.vu~/ <ph\.s\.k\.vu~>
v.intr. to burst down with the sound of
tearing.
facr /pЛ™a.c\r/ <pha.c\.r\> fem. a wage.
fsavu& /pЛ™\.sa.vu~/ <ph\.sa.vu~> v.intr. to
entrapped.
fa4 /p˙aˇ/ <pha.ˇ\> fem. a splitting.
fX /pЛ™\Г†/ <ph\.Г†\> neut. a fruit.
fa4k /pЛ™a.Л‡\k/ <pha.Л‡\.k\> neut. a
railway crossing.
fXdayk /pЛ™\Г†.da.j\k/ <ph\.Г†\.da.j\.k\>
adj. fruitful.
fa4fU4 /p˙aˇ.p˙uˇ/ <pha.ˇ\.phu.ˇ\> fem.
disunity.
fXvu& /pЛ™\Г†.vu~/ <ph\.Г†\.vu~> v.exp. 1. to
bear fruit 2. to be benefitted.
fa4vu& /p˙aˇ.vu~/ <pha.ˇ\.vu~> v.intr. to be
torn.
fXaw /pЛ™\.Г†a.u~/ <ph\.Г†a.u~> adj. fruit
bearing (plants, trees etc).
fa6 /pЛ™aГЋ/ <pha.ГЋ\> fem. a splitting.
fiXyu& /pЛ™\.Г†i.ju~/ <ph\.Г†i.ju~> neut. a
street.
f&goXvu& /p˙\˜.goÆ.vu~/ <ph\~.go.Æ\.vu~>
v.tr.
to throw.
f&4avu& /pЛ™\ВЇ.Л‡a.vu~/ <ph\~.Л‡a.vu~> v.intr. to
change direction.
fajl /pЛ™a.Г”\l/ <pha.Г”\.l\> adj. surplus.
fat6o /pЛ™at.ГЋo/ <pha.t\.ГЋo> masc. a
eunuch.
fans /pЛ™a.n\s/ <pha.n\.s\> fem. a
lantern.
faydakark /pЛ™a.j\.da.ka.r\k/
<pha.j\.da.ka.r\.k\> adj. beneficial.
135
faydo /pЛ™aj.do/ <pha.j\.do> masc.
benefit.
fargtI /pЛ™ar.g\.ti/ <pha.r\.g\.tii> fem.
a divorce.
fa&s /pЛ™a~s/ <pha~.s\> fem. a splinter.
fa&sI /pЛ™a~.si/ <pha~.sii> fem. gallows.
fars /pЛ™a.r\s/ <pha.r\.s\> neut. a farce.
fa&sIgr /pЛ™a~.si.g\r/ <pha~.sii.g\.r\>
masc. an executioner.
fal /pЛ™al/ <pha.l\> masc. crop.
fa&so /pЛ™a~.so/ <pha~.so> masc. noose.
faltu& /pЛ™al.tu~/ <pha.l\.tu~> adj.
unnecessary.
ifkr /pЛ™i.k\r/ <phi.k\.r\> fem. anxiety.
falvu& /pЛ™al.vu~/ <pha.l\.vu~> v.intr. to
bloom.
fav4 /pЛ™a.v\Л‡/ <ph.v\.Л‡\> fem.
adaptability.
favvu& /pЛ™av.vu~/ <pha.v\.vu~> v.exp. 1. to
suit 2. to succeed.
faXv8I /pЛ™a.Г†\v.ВЇi/ <pha.Г†\.v\.ВЇii> fem.
1. distribution 2. allotment.
ifKku&/pЛ™ik.ku~/ <phi.kku~> adj. pale.
if4kar /p˙iˇ.kar/ <phi.ˇ\.ka.r\> masc.
hatred.
iflsUf /pЛ™il.supЛ™/ <phi.l\.suu.ph\>
masc. a philosopher.
iflsUfI /pЛ™il.su.pЛ™i/ <phi.l\.suu.phii>
fem. philosophy.
fI8 /pЛ™iВЇ/ <phii.ВЇ\> neut. foam.
faiXyu& /pЛ™a.Г†i.ju~/ <pha.Г†i.ju~> neut. a
turban.
fI8vu& /pЛ™iВЇ.vu~/ <phii.ВЇ\.vu~> v.tr. to
froth.
faXo /pЛ™a.Г†o/ <pha.Г†o> masc. an allotted
share.
fIfu& /pЛ™i.pЛ™u~/ <phii.phu~> neut. 1. a husk
2. an empty pod.
fa&k6u& /pЛ™a~k.ГЋu~/ <pha~.k\.ГЋu~> adj.
praiseworthy.
fugavo /pЛ™u.ga.vo/ <phuu.ga.vo> masc.
inflation.
fa&ko /pЛ™a~.ko/ <pha~.ko> masc. vain pride.
fuTkarvu& /pЛ™ut.kar.vu~/ <phu.tka.r\.vu~>
v.tr. to hiss.
fa&4o /pЛ™a~.Л‡o/ <pha~.Л‡o> masc. 1. a branch
2. a diverging part.
fa&d /pЛ™a/ <pha~.d\> fem. a pot-belly.
fa&fa& /pЛ™a~.pЛ™a~/ <pha~.pha~> masc. vain
efforts.
fudIno /pЛ™u.di.no/ <phu.dii.no> masc.
mint.
fursd /pЛ™ur.s\d/ <phuu.r\.s\.d\> fem.
leisure.
136
fuleku& /pЛ™u.le.ku~/ <phuu.le.ku~> neut. a
marriage procession.
fer /pЛ™er/ <phe.r\> masc. difference.
fer /pЛ™er/ <phe.r\> masc. vertigo.
fuvaro /pЛ™u.va.ro/ <phuu.va.ro> masc. a
fountain.
fUg /pЛ™ug/ <phuu.g\> fem. mould.
fUgvu& /pЛ™ug.vu~/ <phuu.g\.vu~> v.intr. to
become moldy.
fU4vu& /pЛ™ut.vu~/ <phuu.Л‡\.vu~> v.intr. to
break with a loud sound.
fUdu& /pЛ™u.du~/ <phuu.du~> neut. a
butterfly.
fUmtu& /pЛ™um.tu~/ <phuu.m\.tu~> neut. a
tassel.
ferIyo /pЛ™e.ri.jo/ <phe.rii.jo> masc. 1. a
hawker 2. a peddler.
ferI /pЛ™e.ri/ <phe.rii> fem. 1. a turn 2. a
trip.
fero /pЛ™e.ro/ <phe.ro> masc. 1. a turn 2.
a trip.
felavu& /pЛ™e.la.vu~/ <phe.la.vu~> v.intr. to
spread.
felavo /pЛ™e.la.vo/ <phe.la.vo> masc.
circulation.
fUl /pЛ™ul/ <phuu.l\> neut. a flower.
fe&kvu& /pЛ™Вґ~k.vu~/ <phe~.k\.vu~> v.tr. 1. to
throw 2. to hurl.
[email protected] /pЛ™u.l\ВЇ.Г”i/ <phuu.l\.ВЇ\.Г”ii> adj.
vain and boastful because of praise.
fe&4o /pЛ™Вґ~.Л‡o/ <phe~.Л‡o> masc. a kind of
turban.
fUlf4ak /pЛ™ul.pЛ™\.Л‡ak/
<phu.l\.ph\.Л‡a.k\> adj. foppish.
fe&dvu& /pЛ™Вґ~d.vu~/ <phe~.d\.vu~> v.tr. to
search.
fUlvvu& /pЛ™u.l\v.vu~/ <phuu.l\.v\.vu~>
v.tr. to cause to swell
fe&slo /pЛ™Вґ~s.lo/ <phe~.s\.lo> masc.
disposal.
fUlvu& /pЛ™ul.vu~/ <phuu.l\.vu~> v.intr. . to
swell 2. to blossom.
fo: /p˙oi/ <pho.ii> fem. father’s sister.
fU&k /pЛ™u~k/ <phuu~.k\> fem. a puff.
fU&kvu& /pЛ™u~k.vu~/ <phuu~.k\.vu~> v.tr. 1. to
blow 2. to puff.
fe8 /p˙e¯/ fem. a serpent’s hood.
fefsu& /pЛ™epЛ™.su~/ <phe.ph\.su~> neut. a
lung.
fok /pЛ™ok/ <pho.k\> adj. meaningless.
foj /pЛ™oГ”/ <pho.Г”\> fem. army.
fo6vu& /pЛ™oГЋ.vu~/ <pho.ГЋ\.vu~> v.tr. to
break
violently.
fotrI /pЛ™ot.ri/ <pho.t\.rii> fem. husk.
137
foru& /pЛ™o.ru~/ <pho.ru~> neut. a drop.
folvu& /pЛ™ol.vu~/ <pho.l\.vu~> v.tr. 1. to
peel
2. to husk.
foLlI /pЛ™ol.li/ <pho.llii> fem. a skin
boil.
foslavvu& /pЛ™os.lav.vu~/ <pho.s\.la.v\.vu~>
v.tr. to coax.
bg6vu& /b\.g\ГЋ.vu~/ <b\.g\.ГЋ\.vu~> v.intr.
1. to be spoiled 2. to be polluted.
bg6o /b\g.ГЋo/ <b\.g\.ГЋo> masc. the
symbol for 2.
bgl /b\.g\l/ <b\.g\.l\> fem. the
armpit.
bga6 /b\.gaГЋ/ <b\.ga.ГЋ\> masc.
wastage.
b
bga6vu& /b\.gaГЋ.vu~/ <b\.ga.ГЋ\.vu~> v.tr.
to waste.
bk bk /b\k b\k/ <b\.k\.b\.k\> neut. a
prattle.
bgasu& /b\.ga.su~/ <b\.ga.ГЋ\.vu~> neut. a
yawn.
bkrI /b\k.ri/ <b\.k\.rii> fem. a female
goat.
bgIco /b\.gi.co/ <b\.gi.co> masc. a
garden.
bkru& /b\k.ru~/ <b\.k\.ru~> neut. a goat.
bcku& /b\c.ku~/ <b\.c\.ku~> neut. a bite.
bkro /b\k.ro/ <b\.k\.ro> masc. a male
goat.
bct /b\.c\t/ <b\.c\.t\> fem. a saving.
bkvu& /b\k.vu~/ <b\.k\.vu~> v.intr. to
prattle.
bixs /b\k.ГџiГџ/ <b\.kГџi.s\> <b> fem. a
gift.
b`tr /b\kЛ™.t\r/ <b\.kh\.t\.r\> neut. an
armor.
bi`yo /b\.kЛ™i.jo/ <b\.khi.jo> masc. a
stitch.
b`e6o /b\.kЛ™e.ГЋo/ <b\.khe.ГЋo> masc. a
quarrel.
b`ol /b\.kЛ™ol/ <b\.kho.l\> fem. a cavelike hollow.
bcp8 /b\c.p\ВЇ/ <b\.c\.p\.ВЇ\> neut.
childhood.
bcvu& /b\c.vu~/ <b\.c\.vu~> v.intr. to be
saved.
bcav /b\.cav/ <b\.ca.v\> masc. a
protection, a defense.
bCcu& /b\c.cu~/ <b\.ccu~> neut. a child.
bjar /b\.Г”ar/ <b\.Г”a.r\> neut. market.
bza6vu& /b\.Г”Л™aГЋ.vu~/ <b\.Г”ha.ГЋ\.vu~> v.tr.
to thrust upon skillfully.
138
b4ako /b\.Л‡a.ko/ <b\.Л‡a.ko> masc. a
potato.
b6b6vu& /b\ГЋ.b\ГЋ.vu~/ <b\.ГЋ\.b\.ГЋ\.vu~>
v.intr. to prattle.
bdam /b\.dam/ <b\.da.m\> fem. an
almond.
bdI /b\.di/ <b\.dii> fem. viciousness,
corruption.
b6a: /b\.ГЋai/ <b\.ГЋa.ii> fem. boasting.
b6a= /b\.ГЋaГџ/ <b\.ГЋa.Гџ\> fem. boasting.
b0u& /b\.dЛ™u~/ <b\.dhu~> adj. all, whole,
entire, total.
b8gu& /b\ВЇ.gu~/ <b\.ВЇ\.gu~> neut. 1. selfpraise, 2. boasting.
bnvu& /b\n.vu~/ <b\.n\.vu~> v.intr. 1. to
become, 2. to take shape.
btk /b\.t\k/ <b\.t\.k\> neut. a duck.
bnav /b\.nav/ <b\.na.v\> masc. an
event.
btavvu& /b\.tav.vu~/ <b\.ta.v\.vu~> v.tr. 1.
to show, 2. to guide.
b]aI /b\t.ti/ <b\.ttii> fem. a lamp.
b{aIs /b\t.ris/ <b\.trii.s\> adj. thirty
two, 32.
bdn /b\.d\n/ <b\.d\.n\> neut. the
body.
bdnxI /b\d.n\k.Гџi/ <b\.d\.n\.kГџii> fem.
defamation.
bdnam /b\d.nam/ <b\.d\.na.m\> adj.
notorious.
bdbu /b\d.bu/ <b\.d\.bu> fem. bad
smell.
bdma= /b\d.maГџ/ <b\.d\.ma.Гџ\> adj.
wicked.
bdlo /b\d.lo/ <b\.d\.lo> masc. an
exchange.
bdsUrt /b\d.su.r\t/ <b\.d\.suu.r\.t\>
adj. ugly (face).
bnav4 /b\.na.v\Л‡/ <b\.na.v\.Л‡\> fem. 1.
construction, 2. cheating.
bnevI /b\.ne.vi/ <b\.ne.vii> masc.
sister’s husband.
bNne /b\n.ne/ <b\.nne> adj. both.
bpor /b\.por/ <b\.po.r\> fem. noon,
mid-day.
bfaro /b\.pЛ™a.ro/ <b\.pha.ro> masc.
sultry weather.
bbUck /b\.bu.c\k/ <b\.buu.c\.k\> adj.
stupid.
bm8u& /b\m.ВЇu~/ <b\.m\.ВЇu~> adj.
double.
byan /b\.jan/ <b\.ja.n\> neut. 1.
description, 2. narration.
brkt /b\r.k\t/ <b\.r\.k\.t\> fem. 1.
profit, 2. benefit.
br24 /b\r.cЛ™\Л‡/ <b\.r\.ch\.Л‡\> adj.
rough.
139
br6o /b\r.ГЋo/ <b\.r\.ГЋo> masc. the
back.
br8I /b\r.ВЇi/ <b\.r\.ВЇii> fem. a jar.
brf /b\.r\pЛ™/ <b\.r\.ph\> masc. 1. ice,
2. snow.
brfI /b\r.pЛ™i/ <b\.r\.phii> fem. a kind
of sweet.
brbad /b\r.bad/ <b\.r\.ba.d\> adj.
ruined.
brabr /b\.ra.b\r/ <b\.ra.b\.r\> adj. 1.
equal, 2. similar, 3. right, 4. proper.
brobr /b\.ro.b\r/ <b\.ro.b\.r\> adj. 1.
equal, 2. similar, 3. right, 4. proper
broX /b\.roÆ/ <b\.ro.Æ\> fem. the
spleen.
blke /b\l.ke/ <b\.l\.ke> advb. not only
that.
bla /b\.la/ <b\.la> fem. 1. a ghost, 2. a
person who harasses like a ghost.
bhar /b\.har/ <b\.ha.r\> postp.
outside.
bihQkar /b\.hiГџ.kar/ <b\.hi.sВ°ka.r\>
masc. 1. rejection, 2. excommunication,
3. boycott.
bhu /b\.hu~/ <b\.hu~> adj. 1. many, 2.
much.
bhucra /b\.hu.c\.ra/ <b\.hu.c\.ra> fem.
a goddess of that name.
bhumit /b\.hu.m\.ti/ <b\.hu.m\.ti> fem.
majority.
bhuВЈpI /b\.hu.ru.pi/ <b\.huu.ruu.pii>
adj. assuming various forms with an
intention to hide an original one.
bhuВЈpI /b\.hu.ru.pi/ <b\.huu.ruu.pii>
masc. 1.a person who assumes various
forms with an intention to hide his/ her
original one. 2. a person who assume
various forms to entertain people.
bhu&vcn /b\.hu~.v\.c\n/ <b\.hu~.v\.c\.n\>
neut. plural.
bhen /b\.hen/ <b\.he.n\> fem. sister.
bil /b\.li/ <b\.li> masc. offering to a
deity.
bheru& /b\.he.ru~/ <b\.he.n\> adj. deaf.
bs /b\s/ <b\.s\> advb. enough.
bhera= /b\.he.raГџ/ <b\.he.ra.Гџ\> fem.
deafness.
bs /b\s/ <b\.s\> fem. bus.
bhadUr /b\.ha.dur/ <b\.ha.duu.r\> adj.
brave.
bhanu& /b\.ha.nu~/ <b\.ha.nu~> neut. an
excuse.
bX /b\Г†/ <b\.Г†\> nuet.1.power, 2.
strength.
bXt8 /b\Г†.t\ВЇ/ <b\.Г†\.t\.ВЇ\> neut.
fuel.
bXtra /b\.ВЃ\.t\.ra/ <b\.Г†\.t\.ra> fem.
pain caused by burning.
140
bXd /b\.Г†\d/ <b\.Г†\.d\> masc. 1. oxen,
2. bullock 3. an idiot.
b&0bestu& /b\ndЛ™.bes.tu~/
<b\~.dh\.be.s\.tu~> adj. suitable.
bXva`or /b\Г†.va.kЛ™or/ <b\.Г†\.va.kho.r\>
adj. rebellious.
b&0besvu& /b\ndЛ™.bes.vu~/
<b\~.dh\.be.s\.vu~> v.intr. to be fitting.
bXvu& /b\Г†.vu~/ <b\.Г†\.vu~> v.intr. to burn.
b&0ar8 /b\n.dЛ™a.r\ВЇ/ <b\~.dha.r\.ВЇ\>
neut. 1. constitution 2. construction.
bXvo /b\Г†.vo/ <b\.Г†\.vo> masc. revolt.
bXaTkar /b\.Г†at.kar/ <b\.Г†a.tka.r\> masc.
a rape.
biXya /b\.Г†i.ja/ <b\.Г†i.ja> masc. hon.
small-pox.
biXyu& /b\.Г†i.ju~/ <b\.Г†i.ju~> adj. strong.
bXev /b\.Г†ev/ <b\.Г†e.v\> fem. a festival.
b&g6I /b\Лњ.gГЋi/ <b\~.g\.ГЋii> fem. a
bangle.
b&6I /b\Лњ.ГЋi/ <b\~.ГЋii> fem. a waistcoat.
b&0ar8Iy /b\n.dЛ™a.r\.ВЇij/
<b\~.dha.r\.ВЇi.j\> adj. constitutional.
b&i0yar /b\n.dЛ™i.jar/ <b\~.dhi.ja.r\> adj.
1. unventilated, 2. stagnant.
b&0I /b\n.dЛ™i/ <b\~.dhii> fem.
prohibition.
b&0u /b\n.dЛ™u/ <b\~.dhu> masc. 1.
brother, 2. a co-worker.
b&ba`anu& /b\m.ba.kЛ™a.nu~/
<b\~.ba.kha.nu~> neut. a fire-brigade
station.
b&dr /b\n.d\r/ <b\~.d\.r\> neut. 1. a
port, 2. a harbor.
b&bavaXo /b\m.ba.va.Г†o/ <b\~.ba.va.Г†o>
masc. a fireman.
b&dUk /b\n.duk/ <b\~.du.k\> fem. a gun.
b&bo /b\m.bo/ <b\~.bo> masc. a fire
engine.
b&dUk6I /b\n.duk.ГЋi/ <b\~.du.k\.ГЋii> fem.
a small gun.
b&dobSt /b\n.do.b\s.t\/ <b\~.do.b\.st\>
masc. arrangement.
b&0 /b\n.dЛ™\/ <b\~.dh\> adj. closed.
b&0 /b\n.dЛ™\/ <b\~.dh\> masc. a dam.
b&0n /b\n.dЛ™\n/ <b\~.dh\.n\> neut. 1.
prohibition, 2. captivity.
b&srI /b\ns.ri/ <b\~.s\.rii> fem. a flute.
b&sI /b\ns.ri/ <b\~.sii> fem. a flute.
ba /ba/ <ba> fem. mother.
ba: /ba.i/ <ba.ii> fem. a maid-servant.
bakI /ba.ki/ <ba.kii> adj. 1. residua, 2.
balance, 3. surplus, 4. wanting.
141
ba`6vu& /ba.kЛ™\ГЋ.vu~/ <ba.kh\.ГЋ\.vu~>
v.intr. to quarrel.
babaga6I /ba.ba.ga.ГЋi/ <ba.ba.ga.ГЋii>
fem. a hand-driven vehicle for children.
bag /bag/ <ba.g\> masc. a garden.
ba3u& /ba.gЛ™u~/ <ba.ghu~> adj. idiotic.
babo /ba.bo/ <ba.bo> masc. 1. a son, 2.
a boy.
baj /baГ”/ <ba.Г”\> masc. a hawk.
bar /bar/ <ba.r\> adj. 1. twelve, 2. 12.
baj5 /ba.Г”\Л‡Л™/ <ba.Г”\.Л‡h\> masc. a footstool.
bar8u& /bar.ВЇu~/ <ba.r\.ВЇu~> neut. a door.
barmu& /bar.mu~/ <ba.r\.mu~> adj. twelfth.
bajrI /baГ”.ri/ <ba.Г”\.rii> fem. millet.
[email protected] /ba.Г”i/ <ba.Г”ii> fem. a game.
[email protected] /ba.Г”i.g\r/ <ba.Г”ii.g\.r\> masc. a
juggler.
bazvu& /ba.Г”Л™.vu~/ <ba.Г”h\.vu~> v.intr. 1. to
embrace, 2. to quarrel.
barmu& /bar.mu~/ <b\.r\.mu~> neut. a
religious rite performed on the twelfth
day after a person’s death.
bar= / bars /ba.r\Гџ, ba.r\s/
<ba.r\.Гџ\/ ba.r\.s\> fem. twelfth day
of either of the fortnights.
barsa` /bar.sakЛ™/ fem. frame of a door.
ba4lI /baˇ.li/ <ba.ˇ\.lii> fem. a bottle.
ba8 /baВЇ/ <ba.ВЇ\> neut. an arrow.
ba8avXI /ba.ВЇa.v\.Г†i/ <ba.ВЇa.v\.Г†ii>
masc. an expert archer.
bara`6I /ba.ra.kЛ™\.ГЋi/ fem. a series of
simple syllables organized in a particular
order.
batl /ba.t\l/ <ba.t\.l\> adj. cancelled.
baraxrI /ba.ra.kГџ\.ri/ fem. a series of
simple syllables organized in a particular
order.
bap /bap/ <ba.p\> masc. father.
barI /ba.ri/ fem. a window.
bap6u& /bap.ГЋu~/ <ba.p\.ГЋu~> adj.
extremely helpless.
baru& /ba.ru~/ neut. an entrance.
bapdada /bap.da.da/ <ba.p\.da.da> masc.
pl. forefathers.
bafvu& /bapЛ™.vu~/ <ba.ph\.vu~> v.tr. to
cook by boiling.
babt /ba.b\t/ <ba.b\.t\> fem. an issue.
barEya /ba.r\i.ja/ masc. a community sonamed.
baro4 /ba.roˇ/ masc. a community sonamed.
barobar /ba.ro.bar/ advb. directly.
142
baldI /bal.di/ fem. a bucket.
baXvu& /baÆ.vu~/ <ba.Æ\.vu~> v.tr. to burn.
bav6u& /bav.ГЋu~/ neut. the upper arm.
ba&k6o /ba~k.ГЋo/ <ba~.k\.ГЋo> masc. a
bench.
bavn /ba.v\n/ adj. 1. fifty two, 2. 52.
bavlu& /bav.lu~/ neut. a statue.
bavX /ba.v\Г†/ masc. a kind of thorny
tree.
ba&0vu& /ba~dЛ™.vu~/ <ba~.dh\.vu~> v.tr. 1.to
tie 2. to wrap.
ba&0o /ba~.dЛ™o/ <ba~.dho> masc. a
physical construction.
ba&y /ba~j/ <ba~.j\> fem. a sleeve.
bavI /ba.vi/ fem. a female mendicant.
bavIs /ba.vis/ adj. twenty two, 22.
ba&y0rI /ba~j.dЛ™\.ri/ <ba~.j\.dh\.rii> fem.
security.
bavu& /ba.vu~/ neut. a cobweb.
ibcaru& /bi.ca.ru~/ <bi.ca.ru~> adj. poor.
bavo /ba.vo/ masc. a mendicant.
ib2anu& /bi.cЛ™a.nu~/ <bi.cha.nu~> neut. 1. a
bed. 2. a mattress.
bas5 /ba.s\Л‡Л™/ adj. sixty six.
basmtI /bas.m\.ti/ masc. a kind of rice.
basUdI /ba.su.di/ fem. a kind of sweet.
baho= /ba.hoГџ/ adj. skilful.
baXk /ba.ВЃ\k/ neut. a child.
baXp8 /baÆ.p\¯/ neut. a childhood.
baXpo9I /baÆ.po.t˙i/ <ba.Æ\.po.thii> fem.
a primer.
baXbo0 /baÆ.bod˙/ <ba.Æ\.bo.dh\> adj.
a variety of Devanagari script.
baXm&idr /baÆ.m\n.dir/ <ba.Æ\.m\~.di.r\>
neut. a nursery.
baXlGn /baÆ.l\g.n\/ <ba.Æ\.l\.gn\> neut.
a child-marriage.
bI2avvu& /bi.cЛ™av.vu~/ <bii.cha.v\.vu~>
v.tr. to spread.
ibnAnu-vI /bin.\.nu.bЛ™\.vi/
<bi.n\.\.nu.bh\.vii> adj.
inexperienced.
ibnjВЈrI /bin.Г”\.ru.ri/ <bi.n\.Г”\.ruu.rii>
adj. unnecessary.
ibn=rtI /bin.Гџ\r.ti/ <bi.n\.Гџ\.r\.tii> adj.
unconditional.
iblkul /bil.kul/ <bi.l\.ku.l\> advb. 1.
wholly, 2. in the least.
ibla6I /bi.la.ГЋi/ <bi.la.ГЋii> fem. a cat
(female).
ibla6o /bi.la.ГЋo/ <bi.la.ГЋo> masc. a cat
(male).
143
ibLlo /bil.lo/ <bi.llo> masc. 1. a badge,
2. a medal.
bIbI /bi.bi/ <bii.bii> fem. wife (mainly
in Muslim dialect).
ibv6avvu& /biv.ГЋav.vu~/ <bi.v\.ГЋa.v\.vu~>
v.tr. to frighten.
bIbu& /bi.bu~/ <bii.bu~> neut. 1. a die, 2. a
printing block.
ibham8u& /bi.ha.m\ВЇu~/ <bi.ha.m\.ВЇu~>
adj. frightful.
bI-Ts /bi.bЛ™\t.s\/ <bi.bh\.ts\> adj.
disgusting.
ib&dI /bin.di/ <bi~.dii> fem. an
ornamental dot on the forehead.
bImar /bi.mar/ <bi.ma.r\> adj. sick
ib&du /bin.du/ <bi~.du> neut. a drop.
bImarI /bi.ma.ri/ <bi.ma.rii> fem.
sickness.
ib&b /bimb/ <bi~.b\> neut. a reflection.
bIvu& /bi.vu~/ <bii.vu~> v.intr. to fear.
bI /bi/ <bii> neut. a seed.
bu5\5u& /buˇ˙.ˇ˙u~/ <bu.ˇhˇhu~> adj. blunt.
bIk /bik/ <bii.k\> fem. fear.
bu69l /buЕ’.tЛ™\l/ <bu.ГЋ\.th\.l\> adj.
idiotic.
bIcaru& /bi.ca.ru~/ <bii.ca.ru~> adj. 1. poor,
2. helpless.
bu6vu& /buГЋ.vu~/ <bu.ГЋ\.vu~> v.intr. 1. to
sink, 2. to drown
bIj /biГ”/ <bii.Г”\> neut. a seed.
bIj /biГ”/ <bii.Г”\> fem. a second day of
either of the fortnight of a lunar month.
bIjvr /biГ”.v\r/ <bii.Г”\.v\.r\> masc. a
man marrying for the seond time.
bIju& /bi.Г”u~/ <bii.Г”u~> adj. 1. second, 2.
another.
bI6vu& /biГЋ.vu~/ <bii.ГЋ\.vu~> v.tr. 1. to
close (envelop etc.), 2. to wrap.
bI6I /bi.ГЋi/ <bii.ГЋii> fem. a kind of
cigar.
bIna /bi.na/ <bii.na> fem. . fact.
bui)0 /budЛ™.dЛ™i/ <bu.dhdhi> fem.
intelligence.
bu0var /budЛ™.var/ <bu.dh\.va.r\> masc.
Wednesday.
bumra8 /bum.raВЇ/ <bu.m\.ra.ВЇ\> fem.
loud shouts.
bur`o /bur.kЛ™o/ <bu.r\.kho> masc. a
mask.
bulbul /bul.bul/ <bu.l\.bu.l\> neut. a
nightingale.
bul&d /bu.l\nd/ <bu.l\~.d\> adj. 1.
grand, 2. loud and deep sound.
bu&d /bund/ <bu~.d\> neut. a drop.
144
be5k /be.Л‡Л™\k/ <be.Л‡h\.k\> fem. a seat.
bU /bu:/ <buu> fem. odor.
bUc /buc/ <buu.c\> masc. a cork.
be5a6u& /be.Л‡Л™a.ГЋu~/ <be.Л‡ha.ГЋu~> adj.
inactive (life).
bUcu& /bu.cu~/ <buu.cu~> adj. a flat-nosed.
be6I /be.ГЋi/ <be.ГЋii> fem. shackles.
bU4 /buˇ/ <buu.ˇ\> fem. ear-lobe.
be6u& /be.ГЋu~/ <be.ГЋu~> neut. a pair of
water-pot.
bUm /bum/ <buu.m\> fem. a shout.
bUmlu& /bum.lu~/ <buu.m\.lu~> neut. a
kind of fish.
be /be/ <be> adj. two.
beAabВЈ /be.ab.ru/ <be.a.b\.ruu> fem.
disgrace.
be:man /be.i.man/ <be.ii.ma.n\> adj.
dishonest.
bew /beu/ <be.u~> adj. both.
bekI /be.ki/ <be.kii> adj. an even
number.
be`br /be.kЛ™\.b\r/ <be.kh\.b\.r\> adj.
ignorant.
begm /be.g\m/ <be.g\.m\> fem. a
queen (Muslim).
be6oX /be.ÎoÆ/ <be.Îo.Æ\> adj.
misshaped.
be7&gu& /be.ГЋЛ™\Лњ.gu~/ <be.ГЋh\~.gu~> adj.
disorderly.
betaXa& /be.ta.Г†a~/ <be.ta.Г†a~> masc. pl.
dimness of the eyes acquired around the
age of 42.
betaXIs /be.ta.Г†is/ <be.ta.Г†ii.s\> adj.
forty-two.
bedrkar /be.d\r.kar/ <be.d\.r\.ka.r\>
adj. careless.
be06k /be.dЛ™\.ГЋ\k/ <be.dh\.ГЋ\.k\>
advb. fearlessly.
be0aru& /be.dЛ™a.ru~/ <b\.dha.ru~> adj.
double-edged.
becen /be.cen/ <be.ce.n\> adj. restless.
be)yan /be.dЛ™jan/ <be.dhj.n\> adj.
inattentive.
becenI /be.ce.ni/ <be.ce.nii> fem.
restlessness.
benmUn /ben.mun/ <be.n\.muu.n\> adj.
unparalleled.
be4 /beˇ/ <be.ˇ\> masc. an island.
be4I /be.Л‡i/ <be.Л‡ii> fem. a daughter.
bepgu& /be.p\.gu~/ <be.p\.gu~> adj. biped.
be4o /be.Л‡o/ <be.Л‡o> masc. a son.
bebakXu& /be.bak.Г†u~/ <be.ba.k\.Г†u~> adj.
perplexed.
145
be-an /be.bЛ™an/ <be.bha.n\> adj.
unconscious.
bErI /b\i.ri/ <b\i.rii> fem. wife (now a
derogatory word, particularly in urban
and educated class).
berojgar /be.roГ”.gar/ <be.ro.Г”\.ga.r\>
adj. unemployed.
bo`u& /bo.kЛ™u~/ <bo.khu~> adj. toothless.
bel6I /bel.ГЋi/ <be.l\.ГЋii> adj. a pair (of
two persons).
bogdu& /bog.du~/ <bo.g\.du~> neut. a
tunnel.
bevkUf /bev.kupЛ™/ <be.v\.ku.ph\> adj.
stupid.
bocI /bo.ci/ <bo.cii> fem. the neck.
bev6 /be.v\ГЋ/ <be.v\.ГЋ\> adj. folded.
boj /boГ”/ <bo.Г”\> masc. 1. burden 2.
weight.
be=k /be.Гџ\k/ <be.Гџ\.k\> advb.
undoubtedly.
bo6vu& /boГЋ.vu~/ <bo.ГЋ\.vu~> v.tr. to
shave the head entirely.
be=rm /be.Гџ\.r\m/ <be.Гџ\.r\.m\> adj.
shameless.
bo6u& /bo.ГЋu~/ <bo.ГЋu~> adj. a shaved off
head.
be=u)0 /be.ГџuddЛ™/ <be.Гџu.dhdh\> adj.
swooned.
bo8I /bo.ВЇi/ <bo.ВЇii> fem. the first
cash-sale of the day.
be=umar /beГџu.mar/ <be.Гџu.ma.r\> adj.
limitless.
bodu& /bo.du~/ <bo.du~> adj. dull.
bo0 /bodЛ™/ <bo.dh\> masc. sermon.
bes8u& /bes.ВЇu~/ <be.s\.ВЇu~> neut. a
mourning ritual.
bor /bor/ <bo.r\> neut. a kind of berry.
besvu& /bes.vu~/ <be.s\.vu~> v.intr. to sit.
bol /bol/ <bo.l\> masc. a speech.
besvu& /bes.vu~/ <be.s\.vu~> v.intr. to
begin (of a month, a year or a season
etc.). Ex. mne gya mihne p&drmu& vrs be5u&.
bolvu& /bol.vu~/ <bo.l\.vu~> v.intr. to
speak.
beSvad /be.svad/ <be.sva.d\> adj.
tasteless.
behal /be.hal/ <be.ha.l\> adj. ruined.
behUdI /be.hu.di/ <be.huu.dii> adj.
irrational.
bolacalI /bo.la.ca.li/ <bo.la.ca.lii> fem.
a verbal quarrel.
bolI /bo.li/ <bo.lii> fem. a dialect.
bovu& /bo.vu~/ <bo.vu~> v.tr. to sow.
146
boXvu& /boÆ.vu~/ <bo.Æ\.vu~> v.tr. 1. to dip,
2. to soak.
-c6vu& /bЛ™\.c\ГЋ.vu~/ <bh\.c\.ГЋ\.vu~> v.tr.
to eat recklessly.
Bya=I /bja.Гџi/ <bja.Гџii> adj. eighty two.
-jn /bЛ™\.Г”\n/ <b\.Г”\.n\> neut.
1. devotional song, 2. hymn
b/aв€’8 /brah.m\ВЇ/ <bra.hm\.ВЇ\> masc.
Brahmin.
-kt /bЛ™\k.t\/ <bh\.kt\> masc.
worshiper (male)
-kta8I /bЛ™\k.ta.ВЇi/ <bh\.kta.ВЇii> fem.
1. worshiper (female), 2. wife of a
worshiper.
-ikt /bЛ™\k.ti/ <bh\.kti> fem. devotion.
-gt /bЛ™\.g\t/ <bh\.g\.t\> masc.
worshiper (male)
-gta8I /bЛ™\g.ta.ВЇi/ <bh\.g\.ta.ВЇii> fem.
1. worshiper (female), 2. wife of a
worshiper.
-gvtI /bg.v\.ti/ <bh\.g\.v\.tii> adj.
divine.
-gvan /b+\g.van/ <bh\.g\.va.n\>
masc. god.
-gvu& /bЛ™\g.vu~/ <bh\.g\.vu~> adj.
reddish.
-ignI /b.gi.ni/ <bh\.gi.nii> fem. sister.
-gIr9 /b.gi.r\tЛ™/ <bh\.dii.r\.th\> adj.
extremely difficult.
-Gn /bЛ™\g.n\/ <bh\.gn\> adj. broken.
-jvvu& /bЛ™\.Г”\v.vu~/ <bh\.Г”\.v\.vu~> v.tr.
to perform (a play etc.)
-jvu& /bЛ™\Г”.vu~/ <bh\.Г”\.vu~> v.tr. 1. to
worship through singing, 2. to recite.
-ijyu& /bЛ™\.Г”i.ju~/ <bp\.ji.yu~> neut. a kind
of fried food made of gram flour.
-4kvu& /bЛ™\.Л‡\k.vu~/ <bh\.Г”i.ju~> v.intr. to
roam.
-4kavu& /bЛ™\Л‡.ka.vu~/ <bh\.Л‡\.ka.vu~>
v.intr. to collide.
-4Uiryu& /bЛ™\.tu.ri.ju~/ <bh\.Л‡uu.ri.ju~>
neut. puppy.
-4\4 /bh\Л‡.Л‡\/ <bh\.tt\> masc. a
surname.
-i5yar`anu& /bЛ™\.Л‡Л™i.jar.kha.nu~/
<bh\.Л‡hi.ja.r\.kha.nu~> neut. a
bakery.
-5\5I /b˙\ˇ˙.ˇ˙i/ <bh\.ˇhˇhii> fem. 1. an
oven, 2. a furnace, 3. a kiln.
-6 /bЛ™\ГЋ/ <bh\.ГЋ\> adj. brave
(person).
-6vIr /bЛ™\ГЋ.vir/ <bh\.ГЋ\.vii.r\> adj.
brave
-6kI /bЛ™\ГЋ.ki/ <bh\.ГЋ\.kii> fem.
porridge.
147
-6ko /bЛ™ГЋ.ko/ <bh\.ГЋ\.ko> masc. a big
flame.
-mrI /bЛ™\m.ri/ <bh\.m\.rii> fem. a
wasp (female).
-6ako /bЛ™\.ГЋa.ko/ <bh\.ГЋa.ko> masc.
an explosive sound.
-mro /bЛ™\m.ro/ <bh\.m\.ro> fem. a
wasp (male).
-8kar /bЛ™\ВЇ.kar/ <bh\.ВЇ\.ka.r\> masc.
a sound indicating a future event.
-mvu& /bЛ™\m.vu~/ <bh\.m\.vu~> v.intr. 1.
to rotate, 2. to wander.
-8tr /bЛ™\ВЇ.t\r/ <bh\.ВЇ\.t\.r\> neut.
education.
-Mmr /bЛ™\m.m\r/ <bh\.mm\.r\> fem.
the eyebrow.
-8vu& /bЛ™\ВЇ.vu~/ <bh\.ВЇ\.vu~> v.tr. to
study.
-y&kr /bЛ™\.jan.k\r/ <bh\.j\~.k\.r\> adj.
frightful.
-8I /bЛ™\.ВЇi/ postp. towards.
-yank /bЛ™\.ja.n\k/ <bh\.ja.n\.k\> adj.
frightful.
-{[email protected] /bЛ™\t.ri.Г”i/ <bh\.trii.Г”ii> fem. a
niece.
-В± /bЛ™\d.r\/ <bh\.dr\> adj.
auspicious.
-pko /bЛ™\p.ko/ <bh\.p\.ko> masc. 1. a
grand appearance, 2. a grand show.
--k /bЛ™\.bЛ™\k/ <bh\.bh\.k\> fem.
luster.
-r6vu& /bЛ™\.r\ГЋ.vu~/ <bh\.r\.ГЋ\.vu~> v.tr.
to grind.
-rt /bЛ™\.r\t/ <bh\.r\.t\> neut.
embroidery.
-rtgU&98 /bЛ™\.r\t gu~.tЛ™\ВЇ/
<bh\.r\.t\.gu~.th\.ГЋ\> neut.
embroidery.
-rtI /bЛ™\r.ti/ <bh\.r\.tii> fem. tide.
-ravvu& /bЛ™\bЛ™.rav.vu~/
<bh\.bh\.ra.v\.vu~> v.tr. to sprinkle
powder.
-rpUr /bЛ™\r.pur/ <bh\.r\.puu.r\> adj.
abundant.
--Ukvu& /bЛ™\.bЛ™uk.vu~/ <bh\.bhuu.k\.vu~>
v.intr. to blaze suddenly.
-r-a&`Xu& /bЛ™\r.bЛ™a~kЛ™.Г†u~/
<bh\.r\.bha~.kh\.Г†u~> neut. the dawn.
--Ut /bЛ™\.bЛ™ut/ <bh\.bhuu.t\> fem.
ashes.
-rm /bЛ™\.r\m/ <bh\.r\.m\> masc.
illusion.
--UtI /bЛ™\.bЛ™u.ti/ <bh\.bhuu.tii> fem.
ashes.
-rmavu& /bЛ™\r.ma.vu~/ <bh\.r\.ma.vu~>
v.intr. to be deceived.
148
-rvvu& /bЛ™\.r\v.vu~/ <bh\.r\.v\.vu~> v.tr.
to hang.
-rva6 /bЛ™\r.vaГЋ/ <bh\.r\.va.ГЋ\> masc.
a shepherd.
-va6o /bЛ™\.va.ГЋo/ <bh\.va.ГЋo> masc.
fiasco.
-vanI /bЛ™\.va.ni/ <bh\.va.nii> fem. the
goddess Parvati.
-rvu& /bЛ™\r.vu~/ <bh\.r\.vu~> v.tr. to fill.
-rvu& /bЛ™\r.vu~/ <bh\.r\.vu~> v.tr. to
measure.
-raw /bЛ™\.ra.u/ <bh\.ra.u> adj. 1.
plump, 2. chubby.
-rosapa{a /bЛ™\.ro.sa.pat.r\/
<bh\.r\.sa.pa.tr\> adj. trustworthy.
-roso /bЛ™\.ro.so/ <bh\.ro.so> masc.
trust.
-yuR&-adyuR& /bЛ™\.rju~.bЛ™ad.rju~/ adj.
prosperous.
-vayo /bЛ™\.va.jo/ <bh\.va.jo> masc. the
actor of a -va: - a folk-drama.
-ivQy /bЛ™\.viГџ.j\/ <bh\.vi.sВ°j\> neut.
future.
-vu& /bЛ™\.vu~/ <bh\.vu~> neut. the
eyebrow.
-vo-v /bЛ™\.vo.bЛ™\v/ <bh\.vo.bh\.v\>
advb. in each birth.
-Vy /bЛ™\.vj\/ <bh\.vj\> adj. grand.
-svu& /bЛ™\s.vu~/ <bh\.s\.vu~> v.intr. to
brak.
-lmnsa: /bЛ™\l.m\n.sai/
<bh\.l\.m\.n\.sa.ii> fem. goodness.
-Xtu& /bЛ™\Г†.tu~/ <bh\.Г†\.tu~> adj. similar.
-la: /bЛ™\.la.i/ <bh\.la.ii> fem. 1.
goodness, 2. gentleness.
-Xvu& /bЛ™\Г†.vu~/ <bh\.Г†\.vu~> v.intr. to
mix with.
-lam8 /bЛ™\.la.m\ВЇ/ <bh\.la.m\.ВЇ\>
fem. recommendation.
-&ga8 /bЛ™\Лњ.gaВЇ/ <bh\~.ga.ВЇ\> neut. a
break.
-lu& /bЛ™\.lu~/ <bh\.lu~> adj. good.
-&gar /bЛ™\Лњ.gar/ <bh\~.ga.r\> masc.
scrap.
-le /bЛ™\le/ <bh\.le> advb. well.
-v /bЛ™\v/ <bh\.v\> masc. life.
-&6ar /bЛ™\ВЇ.ГЋar/ <bh\~.ГЋa.r\> masc. 1. a
granary 2. a store-house.
-vn /bЛ™\.v\n/ <bh\.v\.n\> neut. a big
house.
-&6aro /bЛ™\ВЇ.ГЋa.ro/ <bh\~.ГЋa.ro> masc. a
collective dinner for community given as
a part of social custom or religious ritual.
-va: /bЛ™\.va.i/ <bh\.va.ii> fem. 1. a
folk-drama, 2. fiasco.
-&6oX /bЛ™\ВЇ.ГЋoВЃ/ <bh\~.ГЋa.ro> neut.
fund.
149
-&-ervu& /bЛ™\m.bЛ™er.vu~/ <bh\~.bhe.r\.vu~>
v.tr. to incite.
-aGyu&tU4yu& /bЛ™a.gju~.tu.Л‡ju~/ <bha.gju~.tu.Л‡ju~>
adj. broken.
-aGye /\bЛ™ag.je/ <bha.gje> advb. rarely.
-a /bЛ™a/ <bha> masc. an honorable
term used for elders.
-a: /bЛ™a.i/ <bha.ii> masc. brother.
-a:caro /bЛ™a.i.ca.ro/ <bha.ii.ca.ro>
masc. brotherhood.
-a:b&0I /bЛ™a.i.b\n.di/ <bha.ii.b\~.dhii>
fem. friendship.
-a:-a&6u /bЛ™a.i.bЛ™a~ВЇ.ГЋu/ <bha.ii.bha~.ГЋu>
masc. pl. brothers and sisters of the same
presents.
-a`rI /bЛ™akЛ™.ri/ <bha.kh\.rii> fem. a
kind of bread.
-ag /bЛ™ag/ <bha.g\> masc. 1. share, 2.
part.
-agvu& /bЛ™ag.vu~/ <bha.g\.vu~> v.intr. to
run away.
-agakar /bЛ™a.ga.kar/ <bha.ga.ka.r\>
masc. division (in maths).
-agIdar /bЛ™a.gi.dar/ <bha.gii.da.r\>
masc. partner (normally in business).
-agIdarI /bЛ™a.gi.da.ri/ <bha.gii.da.rii>
fem. partnership.
-agoX /b˙a.goÆ/ <bha.go.Æ\> fem. an
outskirt of a village/ a small town.
-aGy /bЛ™ag.j\/ <bha.gj\> neut. 1.fate, 2.
destiny.
[email protected] /bЛ™a.Г”i/ <bha.Г”ii> fem. vegetables
(leafy).
[email protected] /bЛ™a.Г”i.mu.Г†a/ <bha.Г”ii.muu.Г†a>
masc. pl. an insignificant person or
thing.
-a4 /b˙aˇ/ <bha.ˇ\> masc. a bard.
-a4a: /bЛ™a.Л‡a.i/ <bha.Л‡a.ii> fem. 1. the
function of a bard, 2. excessive flattery.
-ai4yo /bЛ™a.Л‡i.jo/ <bha.Л‡i.jo> masc. a
community so-named.
-a6u& /bЛ™a.ГЋu~/ <bha.ГЋu~> neut. 1. rent, 2.
fair, 3. freight.
-a6Ut /bЛ™a.ГЋut/ <bha.ГЋu.t\> masc. a
tenant.
-a8aVyvhar /bЛ™a.ВЇa.vj\v.har/
<bha.ВЇa.vj\.v\.ha.r\> masc. relation
permitting joint meals.
-ai8yo /bЛ™a.ВЇi.jo/ <bha.ВЇi.jo> masc. a
sister’s son.
-a8I /b˙a.¯i/ <bha.¯ii> fem. a sister’s
daughter.
-a8u& /bЛ™a.ВЇu~/ <bha.ВЇu~> neut. a dish
served.
-a8ej /bЛ™a.ВЇeГ”/ <bha.ВЇe.Г”\> masc. a
sister’s son.
150
-a8o /b˙a.¯o/ <bha.¯o> masc. a sister’s
son.
-avvu& /bЛ™av.vu~/ <bha.v\.vu~> v.exp. to
like in taste.
-at /bЛ™at/ <bha.t\> fem. design.
-at /bЛ™at/ <bha.t\> masc. pl. cooked
rice.
-adrvo /bЛ™a.d\r.vo/ <ba.d\.r\.vo> masc.
eleventh month of the Vikram year.
-an /bЛ™an/ <bha.n\> neut.
consciousness.
-a-I /bЛ™a.bЛ™i/ <bha.bhii> fem. a
brother’s wife.
-ar /bЛ™ar/ <bha.r\> masc. 1. weight, 2.
burden.
-ar8 /bЛ™a.r\ВЇ/ <bha.r\.ВЇ\> neut. 1.
weight, 2. burden.
-art /bЛ™a.r\t/ <bha.r\.t\> neut. India.
-artIy /bЛ™ar.ti.j\/ <bha.r\.tii.j\> adj.
Indian.
-ava9R /bЛ™a.var.tЛ™\/ <bha.va.rth\> masc.
implied meaning.
-aiv /bЛ™a.vi/ <bha.vi> neut. 1. future, 2.
fate.
-aivk /bЛ™a.vik/ <bha.vi.k\> adj.
emotional.
-aq8 /bЛ™a.Гџ\ВЇ/ <bha.sВ°\.ВЇ\> neut. 1. a
speech, 2.a lecture, 3. a discourse.
-aqa /bЛ™a.Гџa/ <bha.sВ°a> fem. language.
-aqa&tr /bЛ™a.Гџa~n.t\r/ <bha.sВ°a~.t\.r\> neut.
translation.
-aqa&trkar /bЛ™a.Гџa~n.t\r.kar/
<bha.sВ°a~.t\.r\.ka.r\> masc. translator.
-aQy /bЛ™aГџ.j\/ <bha.sВ°j\> neut.
commentary.
-as /bЛ™as/ <bha.s\> masc. an illusion.
-are /bЛ™a.re/ <bha.re> adj. 1. heavy, 2.
weighty.
-aro /bЛ™a.ro/ <bha.ro> masc. a bundle
of grass or wood.
-alo6u& /bЛ™a.lo.ГЋu~/ <bha.lo.ГЋu~> neut. an
arrow.
-av /bЛ™av/ <bha.v\> masc. rate.
-av /bЛ™av/ <bha.v\> masc. feeling.
-avna /bЛ™av.na/ <bha.v\.na> fem. 1.
desire 2. sentiment.
-aX /b˙aÆ/ <bha.Æ\> fem. whereabouts.
-aXvu& /b˙aÆ.vu~/ <bha.Æ\.vu~> v.tr. to see.
-a&g /bЛ™a~Лњ.g\/ <bha~.g\> fem. 1. hemp,
2. a drink containing hemp.
-a&gfo6 /bЛ™a~g.pЛ™oГЋ/ <bha~.g\.pho.ГЋ\>
fem. breakage.
-a&gro /bЛ™a~Лњg.ro/ <bha~.g\.ro> masc. a
kind of herb.
151
-a&gvu& /bЛ™a~g.vu~/ <bha~.g\.vu~> v.tr. to
break.
-I&g6u& /bЛ™i~g.ГЋu~/ <bhii~.g\.ГЋu~> neut. 1. a
dead skin, 2. a scale.
-a&jg6 /bЛ™a~Г”.g\ГЋ/ <bha~.Г”\.g\.ГЋ\> fem.
1. negotiations, 2. quarrel.
-I&jvvu& /bЛ™i~.Г”\v.vu~/ <bhii.Г”\.v\.vu~> v.tr.
to soak.
-a&jg6Iyu& /bЛ™a~Г”.g\.ГЋi.ju~/
<bha~.Г”\.g\.ГЋii.ju~> adj. 1. quarrelsome,
2. negotiator.
-I&6o /bЛ™iВЇ.ГЋo/ <bhi.ГЋo> masc. okra.
-a&6vu& /bЛ™a~ВЇГЋ.vu~/ <bha~.ГЋ\.vu~> v.tr. to
revile.
-Ulk8u& /bЛ™u.l\k.ВЇu~/ adj. absent-minded.
-a&-rvu& /bЛ™a~.bЛ™\r.vu~/ <bha~.bh\.r\.vu~>
v.intr. to bellow.
i-`ar8 /bЛ™i.kЛ™a.r\ВЇ/ <bhi.kha.r\.ВЇ\>
fem. a female beggar.
i-`arI /bЛ™i.kЛ™a.ri/ <bhi.kha.rii> masc. a
male beggar.
-I&t /bЛ™i~t/ <bhi~.t\> fem. a wall.
-Ul-ulam8I /bЛ™ul.bЛ™u.lam.ВЇi/
<bhu.l\.bhu.la.m\.ВЇii> fem. a
labyrinth.
-USko /bЛ™us.ko/ <bhuu.sko> masc. a
jump downward.
-Uk&p /bЛ™u.k\mp/ <bhuu.k\~.p\> masc.
an earthquake.
i-Nn /bЛ™in.n\/ <bhi.nn\> adj. different.
-UkI /bЛ™u.ki/ <bhuu.kii> fem. fine
powder.
-I` /bЛ™ikЛ™/ <bhii.kh\> fem. begging.
-Uko /bЛ™u.ko/ <bhuu.ko> masc. powder.
-I6 /bЛ™iГЋ/ <bhii.ГЋ\> fem. crowdedness.
-U` /bЛ™ukЛ™/ <bhuu.kh\> fem. hunger.
-I6vu& /bЛ™iГЋ.vu~/ <bhii.ГЋ\.vu~> v.tr. 1. to
shut up, 2. to fasten.
-U`ru& /bЛ™ukЛ™.ru/ <bhuu.kh\.ru~> adj.
grey.
-Itr /bЛ™i.t\r/ <bhii.t\.r\> neut. within.
-U~yu& /bЛ™u.kЛ™ju~/ <bhuu.khju~> adj.
hungry.
-Ina= /bЛ™i.naГџ/ <bhii.na.Гџ\> fem.
moisture.
-Inu& /bЛ™i.nu~/ <bhii.nu~> adj. 1.wet, 2.
soaked, 3. moist.
-Il /bЛ™il/ <bhii.l\> masc. a community
so named.
-UgoX /b˙u.goÆ/ <bhu.go.Æ\> fem.
geography.
-Ucr /bЛ™u.c\r/ <bhu.c\.r\> adj.
terrestrial.
-Ut /bЛ™ut/ <bhuu.t\> neut. a ghost.
152
-UtavX /bЛ™u.ta.v\Г†/ <bhuu.ta.v\.Г†\> fem.
a group of ghosts.
-U&kvu& /bЛ™u~k.vu~/ <bhu~.k\.vu~> v.intr. to
bray.
-Udev /bЛ™u.dev/ <bhuu.de.v\> masc. a
Brahman.
-U&gX /bЛ™uЛњ.g\ВЃ/ <bhu~.g\.Г†\> fem. a
long-tube like trumpet.
-Uim /bЛ™u.mi/ <bhuu.mi> fem. land.
-U&gXI /bЛ™u~Лњ.g\.Г†i/ <bhu~.g\.Г†ii> fem. a
small pipe or a small tube.
-Uimka /bЛ™u.mi.ka/ <bhuu.mi.ka> fem.
an introduction.
-Uimit /bЛ™u.mi.ti/ <bhuu.mi.ti> fem.
geometry.
-U&gXu& /bЛ™u~Лњ.g\.Г†u~/ <bhu~.g\.Г†u~> neut. a
big pipe or a big tube.
-U&jvu& /bЛ™u~Г”.vu~/ <bhu~.Г”\.vu~> v.tr. to
roast.
-Uimdah /bЛ™u.mi.dah/ <bhuu.mi.da.h\>
masc. burial.
-U&6 /bЛ™uВЇГЋ/ <bhuu~.ГЋ\> neut. a pig.
-UrkI /bЛ™ur.ki/ <bhuu.r\.kii> fem. a
spell.
-U&6a: /bЛ™uВЇ.ГЋai/ <bbhuu~.ГЋa.ii> fem.
wickedness.
-Uiryu& /bЛ™u.ri.ju~/ <bhuu.ri.ju~> adj.
bluish.
-U&6u& /bЛ™uВЇ.ГЋu~/ <bhuu.ГЋu~> adj. wicked.
-Uru& /bЛ™u.ru~/ <bhuu.ru~> adj. blue.
-Ul /bЛ™ul/ <bhuu.l\> fem. 1. mistake, 2.
error.
-Ulvu& /bЛ™ul.vu~/ <bhuu.l\.vu~> v.intr. to
forget.
-U&svu& /bЛ™u~s.vu~/ <bhuu~.s\.vu~> v.tr. to
erase.
-eg /bЛ™eg/ <bhe.g\> masc. admixture.
-egu& /bЛ™e.gu~/ <bhe.g\> adj. 1. mixed, 2.
collected.
-ej /bЛ™eГ”/ <bhe.Г”\> masc. humidity.
-Ulu& /bЛ™u.lu~/ <bhuu.lu~> adj. astray.
-Uvo /bЛ™u.vo/ <bhuu.vo> masc. a
remover of ghosts.
-eju& /bЛ™e.Г”u~/ <bhe.Г”u~> neut. 1.the brain,
2. intellect.
-e4 /b˙eˇ/ <bhe.ˇ\> fem. a meeting.
-Usko /bЛ™us.ko/ <bhuu.s\.ko> masc. a
jump downward.
-e4 /b˙eˇ/ <bhe.ˇ\> fem. a gift.
-UStrivd\ya /bЛ™us.t\r.vi.dja/
<bhuu.st\.r\.vi.dja> fem. geology.
-e4vu& /b˙eˇ.vu~/ <bhe.ˇ\.vu~> v.intr. to
embrace.
-e4o /bЛ™e.Л‡o/ <bhe.Л‡o> masc. a meeting.
153
-ed /bЛ™ed/ <bhe.d\> masc. difference.
-ogvvu& /bЛ™o.g\v.vu~/ <bho.g\.v\.vu~>
v.tr. to enjoy (the ownership,
possession).
-ed /bЛ™ed/ <bhe.d\> masc. mystery.
-ed-av /bЛ™ed.bЛ™av/ <bhe.d\.bha.v\>
masc. discrimination.
-edvu& /bЛ™ed.vu~/ <bhe.d\.vu~> v.tr. 1. to
pierce, 2. to thurst.
-edI /bЛ™e.di/ <bhe.dii> adj. mysterious.
-ogivlas /bЛ™og.vi.las/ <bho.g.vi.la.\s>
masc. luxury.
-ogI /bЛ™o.gi/ <bho.gii> adj. a person
who enjoys or suffers.
-oGy /bЛ™og.j\/ <bho.gj\> adj. worth
enjoying.
-edu /bЛ™e.du/ <bhe.du> masc. mystic.
-ojn /bЛ™o.Г”\n/ <bho.Г”\.n\> neut. a
mean (formal).
-ervvu& /bЛ™e.r\v.vu~/ <bhe.r\.v\.vu~> v.tr.
to hang.
-o4 /b˙oˇ/ <bho.ˇ\> adj. idiotic.
-eX /b˙eÆ/ <bhe.Æ\> fem. a mixture.
-o4vo /b˙oˇ.vo/ <bho.ˇ\.vo> masc. an
earthen jug.
-eXvvu& /bЛ™e.Г†\v.vu~/ <bhe.Г†\.v\.vu~> v.tr.
to mix.
-eXseX /b˙eÆ.seÆ/ <bhe.Æ\.se.Æ\> fem.
adulteration.
-omyo /bЛ™o.mi.jo/ <bho.mi.jo> masc. a
guide.
-oir&g /bЛ™o.riЛњg/ <bho.ri~.g\> masc. a
big serpent.
-eXseXIyu& /b˙eÆ.se.Æi.ju~/ <bhe.Æ\.se.Æii.ju~>
adj. 1. adulterated, 2. miscellaneous.
-olu& /bЛ™o.lu~/ <bho.lu~> neut. a monkey.
-e&= ~ -e&s /bЛ™Вґ~s ~ bЛ™Вґ~Гџ/ <bhe~.Гџ\ ~ bhe~.s\>
fem. a buffalo.
-oXvvu& /bЛ™o.Г†\v.vu~/ <bho.Г†\.v\.vu~> v.tr.
to cheat.
-o: /bЛ™o.i/ <bho.ii> masc. a community
so named.
-oXu& /bЛ™o.Г†u~/ <bho.Г†u~> adj. a simplehearted.
-og /bЛ™og/ <bho.g\> masc. 1. a
sacrifice, 2. an offering to the god.
-o&kvu& /bЛ™Гё~k.vu~/ <bho.k\.vu~> v.tr. 1. to
pierce, 2. to bore.
-ogv4o /bЛ™og.v\.Л‡o/ <bho.g\.v\.Л‡o>
masc. ownership.
-o&5p /bЛ™Гё~.Л‡Л™\p/ <bho.Л‡h\.p\> fem.
crestfallen.
-o&5u& /bЛ™Гё~.Л‡Л™u~/ <bho.Л‡hu~> adj.
crestfallen.
154
-o&y /bЛ™Гё~j/ <bho.\> fem. 1. land, 2.
ground.
mk\km /m\k.k\m/ <m\.kk\.m\> adj.
firm.
-o&ytXIyu& /bЛ™Гё~j.t\.Г†i.ju~/ <bho.j\.t\.Г†i.ju~>
neut. a ground-floor.
m`ml /m\kЛ™.m\l/ <m\.kh\.m\.l\>
neut. velvet.
-o&yru& /bЛ™Гё~j.ru~/ <bho.j\.ru~> neut. a
tunnel.
m~`IcUs /m\kЛ™.kЛ™i.cus/
<m\.khkhii.cuu.s\> adj. extremely
miser.
-Ogoilk /bЛ™\u.go.lik/ <bh\u.go.li.k\>
adj. geographical.
-Oitk /bЛ™\u.tik/ <bh\.ti.k\> adj. 1.
physical, 2. materialistic, 3. mundane.
-/m /bЛ™r\m/ <bhr\.m\> masc. illusion.
-/Q4 /bЛ™r\Гџ.Л‡\/ <bhr\.sВ°Л‡\> neut. 1.
polluted, 2. degenerated.
-/Q4acar /bЛ™r\Гџ.Л‡a.car/ <bhr\.sВ°Л‡a.ca.r\>
masc. corruption.
-/amk /bЛ™ra.m\k/ <bhra.m\.k\> adj.
deceptive.
mg /m\g/ <m\.g\> masc. pl. a kind of
pulse.
mgj /m\.g\Г”/ <m\.g\.Г”\> neut. the
brain.
mgj /m\.g\Г”/ <m\.g\.Г”\> masc. a kind
of sweet.
mgtru& /m\.g\t.ru~/ <m\.g\.t\.ru~> neut.
a mosquito.
mgfXI /m\g.pЛ™\.Г†i/ <m\.g\.ph\.Г†ii>
fem. groundnut.
-/a&it /bЛ™ra~n.ti/ <bra~.ti> fem. illusion.
mgr /m\.g\r/ <m\.g\.r\> masc.
alligator.
-<8 /b˙ru¯/ <br≤u.¯\> masc. an
undeveloped embryo.
mck /m\.c\k/ <m\.c\.k\> fem. giving
in.
m
mkr /m\.k\r ra.Гџi/ <m\.k\.r\> fem. the
Capricorn, the tenth sign of the zodiac.
mcko6 /m\c.koГЋ/ <m\.c\.ko.ГЋ\> fem.
muscle stratch.
mc6vu& /m\.c\ГЋ.vu~/ <m\.c\.ГЋ\.vu~> v.tr.
to twist.
mka: /m\.ka.i/ <m\.ka.ii> fem. maize.
mC2r /m\c.cЛ™\r/ <m\.cch\.r\> neut. a
mosquito.
mkan /m\.kan/ <m\.ka.n\> neut. a
house.
m2vo /m\cЛ™.vo/ <m\.ch\.vo> masc. a
small boat.
155
mjnU /m\Г”.nu/ <m\.Г”\.nuu> adj.
lovelorn.
m5o /m\.Л‡Л™o/ <m\.Л‡ho> masc. a food
made of yogurt.
mjbUt /m\Г”.but/ <m\.Г”\.buu.t\> adj.
strong.
m6du& /m\ГЋ.du~/ <m\.ГЋ\.du~> neut. a
dead body.
mjbUtI /m\Г”.bu.ti/ <m\.Г”\.buu.tii> fem.
strength.
m6aga&5 /m\.ГЋa.ga~Л‡Л™/ <m\.ГЋa.ga~.Л‡h\>
fem. a deadlock.
mjbUr /m\Г”.bur/ <m\.Г”\.buu.r\> adj.
helpless.
m7vu& /m\ГЋЛ™.vu~/ <m\.ГЋh\.vu~> v.tr. to
frame (a photo for example).
mjbUrI /m\Г”.bu.ri/ <m\.Г”\.buu.rii> fem.
helplessness.
mi8 /m\.ВЇi/ <m\.ВЇi> masc. a gem.
mja /m\.Г”a/ <m\.Г”a> fem. pleasant.
mi8yar /m\.ВЇi.jar/ <m\.ВЇi.ja.r\> masc.
a professional bangle-maker.
mjUr /m\.Г”ur/ <m\.Г”uu.r\> masc. a
labor.
mt /m\t/ <m\.t\> masc. 1. an opinion,
2. a vote.
mjUs /m\.Г”us/ <m\.Г”uu.s\> masc. a big
wooden box carving on it.
mtdar /m\t.dar/ <m\.t\.da.r\> masc. a
voter.
mjja /m\Ô.Ôa/ <m\.ÔÔa> fem. the
marrow of bone.
mtp{a /m\t.p\t.r\/ <m\.t\.p\.tr\> neut.
a voting paper.
m4ku& /m\Л‡.ku~/ <m\.Л‡\.ku~> neut. a wink.
mt-ed /m\t.bЛ™ed/ <m\.t\.bhe.d\> masc.
difference of opinion.
m4m4avvu& /m\Л‡.m\.Л‡av.vu~/
<m\.Л‡\.m\.Л‡a.v\.vu~> v.tr. to wink.
m4vu& /m\Л‡.vu~/ <m\.Л‡\.vu~> v.exp. to be
cured.
m5 /m\Л‡Л™/ <m\.Л‡h\> masc. pl. a kind of
pulse.
m5 /m\Л‡Л™/ <m\.Л‡h\> masc. a monastery.
m5arvu& /m\.Л‡Л™ar.vu~/ <m\.Л‡ha.r\.vu~> v.tr.
1. to repair, 2. to fix error in a writing.
mtlb /m\t.l\b/ <m\.t\.l\.b\> fem. 1.
purpose, 2. intention.
mtlibyu& /m\t.l\b.i.ju~/ <m\.t\.l\.bi.ju~>
adj. selfish.
mtai0kar /m\.ta.dЛ™i.kar/
<m\.ta.dhi.ka.r\> masc. the right to
vote.
mit /m\.ti/ <m\.ti> fem. intellect.
mtu& /m\.tu~/ <m\.tu~> neut. signature.
156
m9vu& /m\tЛ™.vu~/ <m\.th\.vu~> v.intr. to
churn.
mna: /m\.nai/ <m\.na.ii> fem. 1.
prohibition, 2. forbidding.
m9am8 /m\.tЛ™a.m\ВЇ/ <m\.tha.m\.ВЇ\>
fem. hard work.
mnam8u& /m\.nam.ВЇu~/ <m\.na.m\.ВЇu~>
neut. reconciliation.
m9aXu& /m\.tЛ™a.Г†u~/ <m\.tha.Г†u~> neut. 1. a
heading, 2. a top.
mnavvu& /m\.nav.vu~/ <m\.na.v\.vu~> v.tr.
1. to pursue, 2. to pacify.
mdd /m\.d\d/ <m\.d\.d\> fem. help.
mnIqa /m\.ni.Гџa/ <m\.nii.sВ°a> fem.
desire.
mdinyu& /m\.d\n.i.ju~/ <m\.d\.ni.ju~> neut.
a young one of an elephant.
mdarI /m\.da.ri/ <m\.da.rii> masc. a
jugglar.
midra /m\.di.ra/ <m\.di.ra> fem. wine.
mnuQy /m\.nuГџ.j\/ <m\.nu.sВ°j\> masc. a
human being.
mne /m\.ne/ <m\.ne> pron. to me.
mnobX /m\.no.b\Г†/ <m\.no.b\.Г†\> neut.
willpower.
m0 /m\.dЛ™/ <m\.dh\> neut. honey.
m0ur /m\.dЛ™ur/ <m\.dhu.r\> adj.
sweet.
m)y /m\dЛ™.j\/ <m\.dhj\> adj. 1.
middle, 2. central.
m0rat /m\dЛ™.rat/ <m\.dh\.ra.t\> fem.
mid-night.
mn /m\n/ <m\.n\> neut. an organ of
desire.
mnn /m\.n\n/ <m\.n\.n\> neut. deepthinking.
mnsUbo /m\n.su.bo/ <m\.n\.su.bo>
masc. motive.
mnSvI /m\.n\s.vi/ <m\.n\.svii> adj. 1.
self-willed, 2. whimsical.
mnor9 /m\.no.r\tЛ™/ <m\.no.r\.th\>
masc. desire.
mnor&jk /m\.no.r\n.Г”\k/
<m\.no.r\~.Г”\.k\> adj. entertaining.
mnor&jn /m\.no.r\n.Г”\n/
<m\.no.r\~.Г”\.n\> neut. entertainment.
mnoiv}aan /m\.no.vig.nan/
<m\.no.vi.gna.n\> neut. spychology.
mnohr /m\.no.h\r/ <m\.no.h\.r\> adj.
attractive.
mft /m\.pЛ™\t/ <m\.ph\.t\> advb. free
of cost.
mbl` /m\b.l\kЛ™/ <m\.b\.l\.kh\> adj.
abundant.
mmt /m\.m\t/ <m\.m\.t\> fem.
insistence.
157
mrvu& /m\r.vu~/ <m\.r\.vu~> v.intr. to die.
mmra /m\m.ro/ <m\.m\.ra> masc. a
type of rice flake.
mmXavvu& /m\m.Г†av.vu~/
<m\.m\.Г†a.v\.vu~> v.tr. to chew.
mrkvu& /m\.r\k.vu~/ <m\.r\.k\.vu~> v.intr.
to smile.
mrvo /m\r.vo/ <m\.r\.vo> masc. a small
unripe mango.
mrisyo /m\.r\.si.jo/ <m\.r\.si.jo> masc.
a mourning song.
mrhUm /m\r.hum/ <m\.r\.huu.m\> adj.
1. deceased, 2. late.
mr3I /m\r.gЛ™i/ <m\.r\.ghii> fem. a hen.
mrjad /m\r.Г”ad/ <m\.r\.Г”a.d\> fem.
decency.
mrjadI /m\r.Г”a.di/ <m\.r\.Г”a.dii> adj.
observing strict untouchablility (a
religious practice found mainly among
the Vaishnava. This untouchability has
nothing to do with social
untouchablility).
mrijyat /m\r.Г”i.jat/ <m\.r\.Г”i.ja.t\> adj.
voluntary.
[email protected] /m\r.Г”i/ <m\.r\.Г”ii> fem. desire.
[email protected] /m\r.Г”i.vo/ <m\.r\.Г”ii.vo> masc.
diver.
mr6avu& /m\r.ГЋa.vu~/ <m\.r\.ГЋa.vu~>
v.intr. to be twisted.
mr6o /m\r.ГЋo/ <m\.r\.ГЋo> masc.
dysentery.
mramt /m\.ra.m\t/ <m\.ra.m\.t\> fem.
1. repair, 2. mending.
mrI /m\.ri/ <m\.rii> fem. black or white
pepper.
mrImsalo /m\.ri.m\.sa.lo/
<m\.rii.m\.sa.lo> masc. spices.
mro6 /m\.roГЋ/ <m\.ro.ГЋ\> masc. a
shape (of a letter for example).
mmR /m\r.m\/ <m\.rm\> masc. deep
meaning.
myaRda /m\r.ja.da/ <m\.rja.da> fem. 1.
limit, 2. border.
myaRidt /m\r.ja.dit/ <m\.rja.di.t\> adj.
limited.
mlkvu& /m\.l\k.vu~/ <m\.l\.k\.vu~> v.intr.
to smile.
mr8 /m\.r\ВЇ/ <m\.r\.ВЇ\> neut. death.
mlm /m\.l\m/ <m\.l\.m\> masc.
ointment.
mri8yu& /m\.r\.ВЇi.ju~/ <m\.r\.ВЇi.ju~> adj.
desperate.
mlml /m\l.m\l/ <m\.l\.m\.l\> neut.
muslin.
mrd /m\.r\d/ <m\.r\.d\> masc. male.
mla: /m\.lai/ <m\.la.ii> fem. cream.
158
mvalI /m\.va.li/ <m\.va.lii> masc. a
scoundrel.
mhamarI /m\.ha.ma.ri/ <m\.ha.ma.rii>
fem. an epidemic.
m=ВЈ /m\Гџ.ru/ <m\.Гџ\.ru~> neut. cotton
and silk mixed yarn.
mhar9I /m\.ha.r\.tЛ™i/ <m\.ha.r\.thii>
masc. an extremely powerful warrior.
m=hUr /m\Гџ.hur/ <m\.Гџ\.huu.r\> adj.
renowned.
mharaj /m\.ha.raГ”/ <m\.ha.ra.Г”\> masc.
1.an emperor, 2. a temple priest, 3. a
cook.
m+krI /m\Гџ.k\.ri/ <m\.Гџk\.rii> fem. 1. a
joke, 2. a jest.
mslt /m\s.l\t/ <m\.s\.l\.t\> fem.
consultation.
msXvu& /m\.s\Г†.vu~/ <m\.s\.Г†\.vu~> v.tr.
to knead.
msa8 /m\.saВЇ/ <m\.sa.ВЇ\> neut. a
burial-place.
mharaja /m\.ha.ra.Г”a/ <m\.ha.ra.Г”a>
masc. an emperor.
mhara8I /m\.ha.ra.ni/ <m\.ha.ra.ВЇii>
fem. an empress.
mhaly /m\.ha.l\j/ <m\.ha.l\.j\> masc.
a palace.
mhavro /m\.hav.ro/ <m\.ha.v\.ro>
masc. practice.
msai8ya /m\.sa.ВЇi.jo/ <m\.sa.ВЇi.ja>
masc. a mourner accompanying a
funeral procession.
mhasagr /m\.ha.sa.g\r/
<m\.ha.sa.g\.r\> masc. an ocean.
msalo /m\.sa.lo/ <m\.sa.lo> masc.
spices.
mihno /m\.hi.no/ <m\.hi.no> masc. a
month.
mso /m\.so/ <m\.so> masc. a wart.
mihla /m\.hi.la/ <m\.hi.la> fem. a
woman.
mStk /m\s.t\k/ <m\.st\.k\> neut. the
head.
mhiqR /m\.h\r.Гџi/ <m\.h\.rsВ°i> masc. a
great sage.
mh&t /m\.h\nt/ <m\.h\~.t\> masc. the
head of a monastery.
mha /m\.ha/ <m\.ha> masc. forth
month of the Vikram year.
mhakaVy /m\.ha.kav.j\/ <m\.ha.ka.vj\>
neut. epic.
mhuvr /m\.hu.v\r/ <m\.huu.v\.r\>
neut. a snake charmer’s flute.
mhe&k /m\.hВґ~k/ <m\.he~.k\> fem.
fragrance.
mheC2a /m\.hec.cЛ™a/ <m\.he.ccha> fem.
an ambition.
mhe8u& /m\.he.ВЇu~/ <m\.he.ВЇu~> neut. a
taunt.
159
mhetl /m\.he.t\l/ <m\.he.t\.l\> fem. a
time limit.
like ornament usually presented by the
bridegroom to the bride.
mhetI /m\.he.ti/ <m\.he.tii> fem. 1. a
teacher’s wife, 2. a female teacher.
m&gXacr8 /m\Лњg.Г†a.c\.r\ВЇ/
<m\~.g\.Г†a.c\.r\.ВЇ\> neut. invocation
of a divine being at the bringing of an
auspicious work.
mheto /m\.he.to/ <m\.he.to> masc. 1.
teacher, 2. an accountant.
mhent /m\.he.n\t/ <m\.he.n\.t\> fem.
mental or manual work.
mhenta8u& /m\.hen.ta.ВЇu~/
<m\.he.n\.ta.ВЇu~> neut. remuneration.
mheman /m\.he.man/ <m\.he.ma.n\>
masc. hon. a guest.
mhel /m\.hel/ <m\.he.l\> masc. a
palace.
mXtr /m\Г†.t\r/ <m\.Г†\.t\.r\> neut. 1.
remuneration 2. profit.
mXvu& /m\Г†.vu~/ <m\.Г†\.vu~> v.intr. to
meet.
mXvu& /m\Г†.vu~/ <m\.Г†\.vu~> v.intr. to
gain.
m&ko6o /m\Лњ.ko.ГЋo/ <m\~.ko.ГЋo> masc. a
kind of black ant.
m&gXfero /m\Лњ.\Г†.pЛ™e.ro/
<m\~.g\.Г†\.phe.ra> masc. a marriage
ritual in which bride and bridegroom
move around the marriage platform.
m&gXvar /m\Лњ.g\Г†.var/ <m\~.g\.Г†\.va.r\>
masc. Tuesday.
m&gXsU{a /m\Лњ.g\Г†.sut.r\/
<m\~.g\.Г†\.su.tr\> neut. a necklace-
m&@ra /m\Вµ.Г”i.ra/ <m\~.Г”ii.ra> masc. pl. a
pair of cymbals.
m&jUr /m\Вµ.Г”ur/ <m\~.Г”uu.r\> adj.
approved.
m&jUrI /m\Вµ.Г”u.ri/ <m\~,Г”uu.rii> fem.
approval.
m&6p /m\ВЇ.ГЋ\p/ <m\~.ГЋ\.p\> masc. a
decorated platform.
m&6vu& /m\ВЇГЋ.vu~/ <m\~.ГЋ\.vu~> v.intr. .to
begin, 2. to start.
m&trvu& /m\n.t\r.vu~/ <m\~.t\.r\.vu~> v.tr.
to bind by a spell.
m&tVy /m\n.t\.vj\/ <m\~.t\.vj\> neut.
opinion.
m&{a /m\nt.r\/ <m\~.tr\> masc. a spell.
m&{aI /m\n.tri/ <m\~.trii> masc. a
minister.
m&9n /m\n.tЛ™\n/ <m\~.th\.n\> neut. a
churning.
m&d /m\nd/ <m\~.d\> adj. slow.
m&dva6 /m\nd.vaГЋ/ <m\~.d\.va.ГЋ\> fem.
sickness.
m&idr /m\n.dir/ <m\~.di.r\> neut. a
temple.
160
m&dI /m\n.di/ <m\~.dii> fem. 1. scarcity,
2. trade depression.
ma /ma/ <ma> fem. 1. mother, 2.
grandmother.
ma5u& /ma.Л‡Л™u~/ <ma.Л‡hu~> adj. .bad, 2.
wrong.
ma6I /ma.ГЋi/ <ma.ГЋii> fem. 1. mother,
2. goddess.
ma8 /maВЇ/ <ma.ВЇ\> fem. a metallic pot.
ma:ka&glu& /mai.kaЛњg.lu~/ <ma.ii.ka~.g\.lu~>
adj. physically weak.
ma8vu& /maВЇ.vu~/ <ma.ВЇ\.vu~> v.tr. to
enjoy.
mak6 /ma.k\ГЋ/ <m> masc. a bug.
ma8s /ma.ВЇ\s/ <ma.ВЇ\.s\> masc. a
human being.
ma` /makЛ™/ <ma.kh\> fem. a fly.
ma`8 /ma.kЛ™\ВЇ/ <ma.kh\.ВЇ\> neut.
butter.
ma8sa: /maВЇ.sai/ <ma.ВЇ\.sa.ii> fem.
humility.
mag /mag/ <ma.g\> fem. demand.
ma8ek /ma.ВЇek/ <ma.ВЇe.k\> neut. a
ruby.
magvu& /mag.vu~/ <ma.g\.vu~> v.tr. to ask
for.
mata /ma.ta/ <ma.ta> fem. 1. mother, 2.
goddess.
magu& /ma.gu~/ <ma.gu~> neut. a proposal
for betrothal.
ma{a /mat.r\/ <ma.tr\> advb. 1. only, 2.
merely.
ma28 /ma.cЛ™\ВЇ/ <ma.ch\.ВЇ\> fem. a
fisherwoman.
ma{aa /mat.ra/ <ma.tra> fem. a unit of
measure.
ma2lI /macЛ™.li/ <m> fem. a fish.
ma9akU4 /ma.t˙a.kuˇ/ <ma.tha.kuu.ˇ\>
fem. unnecessary discussion.
ma2I /ma.cЛ™i/ <ma.chii> masc. a
fisherman.
ma9afrel /ma.tЛ™a.pЛ™\.rel/
<ma.tha.ph\.re.l\> adj. hot-tempered.
[email protected] /ma.Г”i/ <ma.Г”ii> adj. former.
[email protected] /ma.Г”i/ <ma.Г”ii> fem. hon. 1. a
grandmother, 2. a goddess.
ma9a-are /ma.tЛ™a.bЛ™a.re/ <ma.tha.bha.re>
adj. 1. challenging, 2. uncontrollable.
ma9u& /ma.tЛ™u~/ <ma.thu~> neut. head.
ma4I /ma.Л‡i/ <ma.Л‡ii> fem. clay.
ma4e /ma.Л‡e/ <ma.Л‡e> postp. for
madiXyu& /ma.d\Г†.ju/ <ma.d\.Г†i.ju~> neut.
an amulet.
mada /ma.da/ <ma.da> adj. female.
161
ma)ym /madЛ™.j\m/ <ma.dhj\.m\> adj.
medium.
man /man/ <ma.n\> neut. fame.
manta /man.ta/ <ma.n\.ta> fem. 1. a
pledge, 2. a religious vow.
mand /ma.n\d/ <ma.n\.d\> adj.
honorary.
mamUlI /ma.mu.li/ <ma.muu.lii> adj.
insignificant.
mamo /ma.mo/ <ma.mo> masc. mother’s
brother.
mayka&glu& /maj.kaЛњg.lu~/ <ma.j\.ka~.g\.lu~>
adj. very weak (in terms of physical
construction).
maya /ma.ja/ <ma.ja> fem. illusion.
mar /mar/ <ma.r\> masc. beating.
mannIy /ma.n\.ni.j\/ <ma.n\.nii.j\> adj.
honorable.
manpan /man.pan/ <ma.n\.pa.n\> neut.
respect.
manvu& /man.vu~/ <ma.n\.vu~> v.tr. to
believe.
manisk /man.sik/ <ma.n\.si.k\> adj.
mental.
manItu& /ma.ni.tu~/ <ma.nii.tu~> adj.
favorite.
maNy /man.j\/ <ma.nj\> adj. acceptable.
map /map/ <ma.p\> neut. measure.
marpI4 /mar.piˇ/ <ma.r\.pii.ˇ\> fem.
repeated or severe beating.
marft /mar.pЛ™\t/ <ma.r\.ph\.t\> postp.
1. with, 2. by, 3. through.
marvu& /mar.vu~/ <ma.r\.vu~> v.tr. 1. to
beat, 2. to strike.
maramarI /ma.ra.ma.ri/ <ma.ra.ma.rii>
fem. a violent clash.
magR /marg/ <ma.rg\> masc. a road.
maimRk /mar.mik/ <ma.rmi.k\> adj.
subtle.
mal /mal/ <ma.l\> masc. goods.
mafI /ma.pЛ™i/ <ma.phii> fem.
forgiveness.
mabap /mabap/ <ma.ba.p\> neut. pl.
parents.
mama /ma.ma/ <ma.ma> masc. hon.
mother’s brother.
mamI /ma.mi/ <ma.mii> fem. mother’s
brother’s wife.
maldar /mal.dar/ <ma.l\.da.r\> adj.
rich.
malmta /mal.m\.ta/ <ma.l\.m\.ta> fem.
property.
malimlkt /mal.mil.k\t/
<ma.l\.mi.l\.k\.t\> fem. property.
mailk /ma.lik/ <ma.li.k\> masc. 1.
owner, 2. a master, 3. a boss, 4. god.
162
maXa /ma.Г†a/ <ma.Г†a> fem. a garland.
mailkI /ma.li.ki/ <ma.li.kii> fem.
ownership.
mail= /ma.liГџ/ <ma.li.Гџ\> fem.
massaging.
mavjt /mav.Г”\t/ <ma.v\.Г”\.t\> fem.
care.
mav5u& /mav.Л‡Л™u~/ <ma.v\.Л‡hu~> neut.
unseasonable rain.
mavi6yu& /ma.v\ГЋ.ju~/ <ma.v\.ГЋi.ju~> adj.
too much obedient of mother.
mavtr /mav.t\r/ <ma.v\.t\.r\> neut. pl.
parents.
mavo /ma.vo/ <ma.vo> masc. 1. solid
cream of milk, 2. kernel of fruits etc.
ma=I /ma.ßi/ <ma.ßii> fem. mother’s
sister.
mas /mas/ <ma.s\> masc. a month.
maisk /ma.sik/ <ma.si.k\> adj.
monthly.
maisk /ma.sik/ <ma.si.k\> neut.
women’s menses.
maso /ma.so/ <ma.so> masc. mother’s
sister’s husband.
maihtI /ma.hi.ti/ <ma.hi.tii> fem.
knowledge.
maX /maÆ/ <ma.Æ\> masc. a storey.
maX`u& /maÆ.k˙u~/ <ma.Æ\.khu~> neut. 1. a
structure, 2. a frame.
maiXyu& /ma.Г†i.ju~/ <ma.Г†i.ju~> neut. a
storey.
maXI /ma.Г†i/ <ma.Г†ii> masc. a gardener.
maXo /ma.Г†o/ <ma.Г†o> masc. a nest.
ma&jvu& /ma~Г”.vu~/ <ma~.Г”\.vu~> v.tr. to
cleanse a pot and etc.
ma&6vu& /ma~ГЋ.vu~/ <ma~.ГЋ\.vu~> v.tr. 1. to
begin, 2. to start.
ma&6vu& /ma~ГЋ.vu~/ <ma~.ГЋ\.vu~> v.tr. to
close.
ma&dgI /ma~d.gi/ <ma~.d\.gii> fem.
sickness.
ma&dlu& /ma~d.lu~/ <ma~.d\.lu~> adj. always
sick.
ma&du& /ma~.du~/ <ma~.du~> adj. sick.
ma&s /ma~s/ <ma~.s\> neut. flash.
ma&sahar /ma~.sa.har/ <ma~.sa.ha.r\>
masc. meat or mutton food.
ma&saharI /ma~.sa.ha.ri/ <ma~.sa.ha.rii>
adj. non- vegetarian.
imjagru& /mi.Г”a.g\.ru~/ <mi.Г”a.g\.ru~> neut.
a hinge.
imjaj /mi.Г”aГ”/ <mi.Г”a.Г”\> masc.
temperament.
[email protected] /mi.Г”a.Г”i/ <mi.Г”a.Г”ii> adj. hottempered.
163
im{a /mit.r\/ <mi.tr\> masc. a friend.
mI&7X /mi~.ГЋЛ™\Г†/ <mii~.ГЋh\.Г†\> neut. a
kind of fruit.
mI&7u& /mi~ВЇ.ГЋЛ™o/ <mii~.ГЋhu~> adj. shrewd.
im{ata /mit.r\.ta/ <mi.tr\.ta> adj.
friendship.
mukВҐmo /mu.k\d.d\.mo/
<mu.k\.dd\.mo> masc. a law suit.
im(ya /mitЛ™.ja/ <mi.thja> adj. 1. illusory,
2. unreal.
mukablo /mu.kab.lo/ <mu.ka.b\.lo>
masc. a comparison.
imlkt /mil.k\t/ <mil.k\.t\> fem.
property.
mukt /muk.t\/ <mu.kt\> adj. free.
imit /mi.ti/ <mi.ti> fem. a date.
imln /mi.lan/ <mi.l\.n\> neut. 1.
meeting, 2. union.
imlav4 /mi.la.v\Л‡/ <mi.la.v\.Л‡\> fem.
adulteration.
imlavvu& /mi.lav.vu~/ <mi.la.v\.vu~> v.tr.
to mix.
imS{aI /mis.tri/ <mi.strii> masc. a skilled
craftsman.
muikt /muk.ti/ <mu.kti> fem. freedom.
mu`vas /mukЛ™.vas/ <mu.kh\.va.s\>
masc. a sort of mouth cleaning food
taken after a meal.
mu`I /mu.kЛ™i/ <mu.khii> masc. chief of
a village or a community.
mu~y /mukЛ™.j\/ <mu.khj\> adj. 1. chief,
2. foremost.
mI5a: /mi.Л‡Л™a.i/ <mi.Л‡ha.ii> fem. sweet.
mug4 /mu.g\Л‡/ <mu.g\.Л‡\> masc. a
crown.
mI5a= /mi.Л‡Л™aГџ/ <mii.Л‡ha.Гџ\> fem.
sweetness.
mu5\5I /muˇ˙.ˇ˙i/ <mu.ˇhˇhii> fem. a fist.
mI5u& /mi.Л‡Л™u~/ <mii.Л‡hu~> neut. salt.
mutr6I /mu.t\r.ГЋi/ <mu.t\.r\.ГЋii> fem. a
urinal.
mI5u& /mi.Л‡Л™u~/ <mii.Л‡hu~> adj. sweet.
mI8 /mi::ВЇ/ <mii.ВЇ\> neut .wax.
mI8b]aI /mi:ГЋ.b\t.ti/ <mii.ВЇ\.b\.ttii>
fem. candle.
mudt /mu.d\t/ <mu.d\.t\> fem. a fixed
time.
muВҐl /mud.d\l/ <mu.dd\.l\> fem. the
principal amount.
muВҐo /muddo/ <mu.ddo> masc. issue.
mI&6u& /miГЋ.ГЋu~/ <mii.ГЋu~> neut. a figure
of zero.
muВ±k /mud.r\k/ <mu.dr\.k\> masc.
printer.
164
muВ±a /mud.ra/ <mu.dra> fem. a stamp.
muin/mu.ni/ <mu.ni> masc. a sage.
munIm /mu.nim/ <mu.ni.m\> masc. 1.
an accountant, 2. a manager.
mufils /mupЛ™.lis/ <mu.ph\.li.s\> adj.
penniless.
musВҐo /mu.s\d.do/ <mu.s\.ddo> masc.
a draft.
muslman /mu.sal.man/
<mu.s\.l\.ma.n\> masc. a follower of
Islam.
musafr /mu.sa.pЛ™\r/ <mu.sa.ph\.r\>
masc. a traveller.
mur3I /mur.gЛ™i/ <mu.r\.ghii> fem. hen.
murityo /mu.r\.ti.o/ <mu.r\.ti.jo> masc.
a would-be-son-in-law or bridegroom.
murBbI /mu.r\b.bi/ <mu.r\.bbii> adj.
elderly.
murBbo /mu.r\b.bo/ <mu.r\.bbo> masc.
a kind of conserved food.
musafrI /mu.sa.pЛ™\.ri/ <mu.sa.ph\.rii>
fem. 1 a travel, 2. a journey.
musIbt /mu.si.b\t/ <mu.sii.b\.t\> fem.
trouble.
muiSlm /mus.lim/ <mu.sli.m\> masc. a
follower of Islam.
mUkvu& /muk.vu~/ <mu.k\.vu~> v.tr. to put.
murad /mu.rad/ <mu.ra.d\> fem. desire.
mulk /mu.l\k/ <mu.l\.k\> masc. a
territory.
multvI /mu.l\t.vi/ <mu.l\.t\.vii> adj.
postponed.
mulv8I /mu.l\v.ВЇi/ <mu.l\.v\.ВЇii> fem.
valuation.
mulakat /mu.la.kat/ <mu.la.ka.t\> fem.
a visit.
mulaym /mu.la.j\m/ <mu.la.j\.m\> adj.
soft.
mU&gu& /muЛњ.gu/ <muu~.gu~> adj. 1.
speechless, 2. silent.
mU2 /mucЛ™/ <mu.ch\> fem. the
moustache.
mU5 /muˇ˙/ <mu.ˇh\> fem. the hilt of a
sword.
mU6I /mu.ГЋi/ <muu.ГЋii> fem. 1. capital,
2. investment.
mUtr /mu.t\r/ <muu.t\.r\> neut. urine.
mUtrvu& /mu.t\r.vu~/ <muu.t\.r\.vu~>
v.intr. to urinate.
mu+kel /muГџ.kel/ <mu.Гџke.l\> adj.
difficult.
mU{aip*6 /mut.r\.piВЇ.ГЋ\/ neut. the kidney.
mu+kelI /muГџ.ke.li/ <mu.Гџke.lii> fem.
difficulty.
mU{aa=y /mut.ra.Гџ\j/ <muu.tra.Гџ\.j\>
masc. the bladder.
165
mUr` /mu.r\kЛ™/ <muu.r\.kh\> adj. fool.
mUtR /mur.t\/ <muu.rt\> adj. 1.
corporeal, 2. concrete.
me9I /me.tЛ™i/ <me.tii> fem. 1. a kind of
seed used for seasoning, 2. a plant used
as vegetable.
me9Ipak /me.tЛ™i.pak/ <me.thii.pa.k\>
masc. a sweet made of me9I.
mUitR /mur.ti/ <muu.rti> fem. an idol.
mUlvvu& /mu.l\v.vu~/ <muu.l\.v\.vu~> v.tr.
1. to ascertain the price, 2. to assay.
mULy /mul.j\/ <muu.lj\> neut. 1. value,
2. price.
mUX /muÆ/ <muu.lj\> neut. 1. origin, 2.
root, 3. fundamental.
mUXaxr /mu.Г†ak.Гџ\r/ <muu.Г†a.kГџ\.r\>
masc. pl. the letters of an alphabet.
me9Iyu& /metЛ™.ju~/ <me.thii.ju~> neut. a kind
of pickles seasoned with me9I.
med /med/ <me.d\> masc. fat.
mednI /med.ni/ <me.d\.nii> fem.
congregation.
medan /me.dan/ <me.da.n\> neut. 1. a
plain, 2. a playground.
mena /me.na/ <me.na> fem. a kind of
song-bird.
mUXo /mu.Г†o/ <muu.Г†o> masc. a radish.
mel /mВґl/ <me.l\> masc. 1. filth, 2. dirt.
mU&gu& /muЛњ.gu~/ <muu~.gu~> adj. 1.
speechless, 2. dumb.
mU&zv8 /mu~Г”Л™.v\ВЇ/ <muu~.Г”h\.v\.ВЇ\>
fem. uneasiness.
mel`aw& /mВґl.kЛ™a.u~/ <me.la.kha.u~> adj. a
cloth that conceals dirt.
mel6I /mВґl.ГЋi/ <me.l\.ГЋii> fem. a female
ghost.
mU&zavu& /mu~.Г”Л™a.vu~/ <muu.Г”ha.vu~> v.intr.
to be perplexed.
melvu& /mel.vu~/ <me.l\.vu~> v.tr. to put.
mU&6vu& /muВЇГЋ.vu~/ <mu~.ГЋ\.vu~> v.tr. to
shave the head entirely.
melu& /mВґ.lu~/ <me.lu~> adj. 1. dirty, 2.
filthy.
m<Tyu& /mrut.ju~/ <mr≤u.tju~> neut. death.
me&= /mВґ~Гџ/ <me.Гџ\> fem. soot.
m<d&g /mru.d\˜g/ <mr≤u.d\~.g\> neut. a
kind of drum.
meXv8 /meÆ.v\¯/ <me.Æ\.v\.¯\> neut. a
mixture.
me6I /me.ГЋi/ <me.ГЋii> fem. an upper
storey.
meXvvu& /me.Г†\v.vu~/ <me.Г†\.v\.vu~> v.tr.
to mix.
166
meXap /me.Г†ap/ <me.Г†a.p\> masc. 1. a
meeting, 2. a union.
moj=o` /moГ”.ГџokЛ™/ <mo.Г”\.Гџo.kh\>
masc. luxury.
meXav6o /me.Г†av.ГЋo/ <me.Г†a.v\.ГЋo>
masc. a public function.
moju& /mo.Г”u~/ <mo.Г”u~> neut. a wave.
moju& /mo.Г”u~/ <mo.Г”u~> neut. a glove.
meXo /me.Г†o/ <me.Г†o> masc. a fair.
me& /mВґ~/ <me~> pron. I.
mojUd /mo.Г”ud/ <mo.Г”u.d\> adj.
existing.
moklvu& /mok\l.vu~/ <mo.k\.l\.vu> v.tr.
to send.
mo4u& /mo.Л‡u~/ <mo.Л‡u~> adj. 1. big, 2.
large, 3. adult, 4. elder.
mokXa= /mok.Г†aГџ/ <mo.k\.Г†a.Гџ\> fem. 1.
roominess, 2. freedom, 3. comfort.
mo6u& /mo.ГЋu~/ <mo.ГЋu~> adj. late.
mokXu& /mok.Г†u~/ <mo.k\.Г†u~> adj. 1.
spacious, 2. open.
moka8 /mo.kaВЇ/ <mo.ka.ВЇ\> fem. a
condolence ritual.
moko /mГё.ko/ <mo.ko> masc. a
favorable opportunity.
mox /mok.Гџ\/ <mo.kГџ\> masc.
liberation.
mogro /mog.ro/ <mo.g\.ro> masc. a
kind of flower plant.
moc8 /mo.c\ВЇ/ <mo.c\.ВЇ\> fem. a
female of the cobbler community.
mocI /mo.ci/ <mo.cii> masc. 1. a
cobbler, 2. a name of a community.
moj6I /moГ”.ГЋi/ <mo.Г”\.ГЋii> fem. a kind
of light, embroidered shoe.
mojmja /moГ”.m\.Г”a/ <mo.Г”\.m\.Г”a> fem.
1 luxury, 2. comfort.
mo7amo7 /mГё.ГЋЛ™a.moГЋЛ™/
<mo.ГЋha.mo.ГЋh\> advb. fact to face.
mo7u& /mГё.ГЋЛ™u~/ <mo.ГЋhu~> neut. the
mouth.
mo8 /moВЇ/ <mo.ВЇ\> neut. lubricant
mixed with flour.
mot /mГёt/ <mo.t\> neut. death.
moityo /mo.ti.jo/ <mo.ti.jo> masc.
cataract.
motI /mo.ti/ <mo.tii> neut. a pearl.
modI /mo.di/ <mo.dii> masc. a grocery.
mo- /mobЛ™/ <mo.bh\> masc. a beam
supporting a roof.
mo-adar /mo.bЛ™a.dar/ <mo.bha.da.r\>
adj. 1. respected, 2. having high status.
mor /mor/ <mo.r\> masc. peacock.
morco /mor.co/ <mo.r\.co> masc. front.
167
morlI /mor.li/ <mo.r\.lii> fem. a flute.
mohvu& /moh.vu~/ <mo.h\.vu~> v.tr. to be
fascinated or deluded.
mors /mo.r\s/ <mo.r\.s\> fem. granular
sugar.
moXu& /mГё.Г†u~/ <mo.Г†u~> adj. tasteless.
moiryo /mor.(i).jo/ <mo.ri.jo> masc. a
kind of wild corn.
mo& /mГё~/ <mo~> neut. 1. the mouth, 2.
face.
morI /mГё.ri/ <mo.rii> fem. a drain.
mo&3varI /mГё~gЛ™.va.ri/ <mo~.gh\.va.rii>
fem. 1. dearness, 2. allowance.
mol /mol/ <mo.l\> masc. a standing
crop.
movu& /mo.vu~/ <mo.vu~> v.tr. to lubricate
flour with oil, ghee etc.
mosm /mo.s\m/ <mo.s\.m\> fem. a
season.
mosmI /mos.mi/ <mo.s\.mii> adj.
seasonal.
mos&bI /mo.s\m.bi/ <mo.s\~.bii> fem. a
kind of fruit.
mosaX /mo.saÆ/ <mo.sa.Æ\> neut. the
maternal side of relation.
mosaXu& /mo.sa.Г†u~/ <mo.sa.Г†u~> neut. 1.
gifts given by the parents to their
daughter on her first pregnancy, 2. gifts
given by the maternal side of the
relatives.
mo&3u& /mГё~Лњ.gu~/ <mo~.ghu~> adj. extremely
dear.
mOn /m\un/ <m\u.n\> neut. selfimposed dumbness.
mOlvI /m\ul.vi/ <m\ul.vii> masc. 1. a
learned Muslim, 2. an expert in Islamic
laws.
mOlIk /m\u.lik/ <m\u.lii.k\> adj.
original.
Myan /mjan/ <mja.n\> neut. a scabbard.
y
yk<t /j\k.rut/ <j\.kr≤u.t\> neut. the liver.
yjman /j\Г”.man/ <j\.Г”\.ma.n\> masc. a
host.
moh /moh/ <mo.h\> masc. fascination.
mohk /mo.h\k/ <mo.h\.k\> adj.
charming.
mohn9aX /mo.h\n.tЛ™aВЃ/
<mo.h\.n\.tha.Г†\> masc. a kind of
sweetmeets.
y}a /j\g.n\/ <j\.gn\> masc. a religious
performance.
ymdUt /j\m.dut/ <j\.m\.duu.t\> masc. a
servant of the god of death.
y= /j\Гџ/ <j\.Гџ\> masc. fame.
y&{a /j\n.tr\/ <j\~.tr\> neut. a machine.
168
yogI /jo.gi/ <jo.gii> masc. an ascetic.
yatna /jat.na/ <ja.t\.na> fem. suffering.
ya{aa /jat.ra/ <ja.tra> fem. a pilgrim.
yad /jad/ <ja.d\> fem. memory.
yoGy /jog.j\/ <jo.gj\> adj. 1. proper, 2.
needful.
yojk /jo,Г”\k/ <jo.Г”\.k\> masc. an
organizer.
yadI /ja.di/ <ja.dii> fem. a note.
yojna /joГ”.na/ <jo.Г”\.na> fem. a plan.
yan /jan/ <ja.n\> neut. a vehicle
(formal)
yar /jar/ <ja.r\> masc. friend.
ya&i{ak /ja~t.rik/ <ja~.tri.k\> adj. machinelike.
yuikt /juk.ti/ <ju.kti> fem. 1. skill, 2.
trick.
yug /jug/ <ju.g\> masc. an age.
yojvu& /joГ”.vu~/ <jo.Г”\.vu~> v.tr. to plan.
yoin /jo.ni/ <jo.ni> fem. a female’s
generative organ.
yOvn /jau.ban/ <j\u.v\.n\> neut. youth.
r
yu)0 /judЛ™.dЛ™\/ <ju.dhdh\> neut. war.
rkm /r\.k\m/ <r\.k\.m\> fem. a thing.
yuvk /ju.v\k/ <ju.v\.k\> masc. a young
man.
rkabI /r\.ka.bi/ <r\.ka.bii> fem. 1. a
plate, 2. a saucer.
yuvtI /juv.ti/ <ju.v\.tii> fem. a young
women.
rkt /rk.t\/<r\.kt\> neut. blood.
yuvraj /juv.raГ”/ <ju.v\.ra.Г”\> masc. a
crown prince.
yuvra}aI /juv.rag.ni/ <ju.v\.ra.gnii> fem.
the wife of a crown prince.
rxk /r\k.Гџ\k/ <r\.kГџ\.k\> masc. a
guard.
rxa /r\k.Гџa/ <r\.kГџa> fem. a protection.
yog /jo.g\/ <jo.g\> masc. union.
r`6p4\4I /r\.kЛ™\ГЋ.p\Л‡.Л‡i/
<r\.kh\.ГЋ\.p\.Л‡Л‡ii> fem. 1. wandering,
2. roaming.
yoganuyog /jo.ga.nu.jog/ <jo.ga.nu.jo.g\>
advb. 1. by chance, 2. incidently.
r`6vu& /r\.kЛ™\ГЋ.vu~/ <r\.kh\.ГЋ\.vu~>
v.intr. 1. to wander, 2. to roam.
yoignI /jo.gi.ni/ <jo.gi.nii> fem. a
female ascetic.
r`6u& /r\kЛ™.ГЋu~/ <r\.kh\.ГЋu~> adj. 1.
wandering, 2. roaming.
169
r`at /r\.kЛ™at/ <r\.kha.t\> fem. an illicit
wife.
r`e /r\.kЛ™e/ <r\.khe> advb. by chance.
r`evaX /r\.k˙e.vaÆ/ <r\.khe.va.Æ\> masc.
1. guardian, 2. a protector.
rja: /r\.Г”ai/ <r\.Г”a.ii> fem. a quilt.
rjaic5\5I /r\.Ôa.ciˇ˙ˇ˙i/ <r\.Ôa.ci.ˇhˇhii>
fem. a written permission.
r4vu& /r\Л‡.vu~/ <r\.Л‡\vu~> v.tr. to speak the
same thing repeatedly.
rg /r\g/ <r\.g\> fem. a vein.
rgi=yu& /r\.g\.Гџi.ju~/ <r\.g\.Гџi.ju~> adj.
slow and tedious.
r3va4 /r\g.vaˇ/ <r\.gh\.va.ˇ\> masc.
bewilderment.
rcna /r\c.na/ <r\.c\.na> fem. 1.
construction, 2. composition.
r6vu& /r\ГЋ.vu~/ <r\.ГЋ\.vu~> v.intr. to
weep.
r6aroX /r\.Îa.roÆ/ <r\.Îa.ro.Î\> fem.
weeping.
ri7yaXu& /r\.ГЋЛ™i.ja.Г†u~/ <r\.ГЋhi.ja.Г†u~> adj.
fascinating.
r8 /r\ВЇ/ <r\.ВЇ\> neut. a desert.
rciyta /r\c.ji.ta/ <r\.c\.ji.ta> masc. 1. a
constructor, 2. a composer.
r8 /r\ВЇ/ <r\.ВЇ\> neut. a battle-field.
rcvu& /r\c.vu~/ <r\.c\.vu~> v.tr. 1. to
construct, 2. to compose.
r8kvu& /r\.ВЇ\k.vu~/ <r\.ВЇ\.k\.vu~> v.intr.
to tinkle.
rj /r\Г”/ <r\.Г”\> fem. 1. a molecule, 2. a
particle.
r8kar /r\ВЇ.kar/ <r\.ВЇ\.ka.r\> masc. a
tinkling sound.
rjk8 /r\Г”.k\ВЇ/ <r\.Г”\.k\.ВЇ\> masc. a
particle of dust.
r82o6 /r\ВЇ.cЛ™oГЋ/ masc. Lord Sri
Krishna.
rjko /r\Г”.ko/ <r\.Г”\.ko> masc. a kind of
grass.
r8z8vu& /r\ВЇ.Г”Л™\ВЇ.vu~/ <r\.ВЇ\.Г”h\.ВЇ\.vu~>
v.intr. to tinkle repeatedly.
rjt /r\.Г”\t/ <r\.Г”\.t\> neut. silver.
rtn /r\.t\n/ <r\.t\.n\> neut. the pupil
of the eye.
rjnI /r\Г”.ni/ <r\.Г”\.nii> fem. night.
rjpUt /r\Г”.put/ <r\.Г”\.pu.t\> masc. a
man belonging to Rajput community.
rja /r\.Г”a/ <r\.Г”a> fem. 1. a holiday, 2. a
leave.
rtl /r\.t\l/ <r\.t\.l\> masc. a measure
of weight.
rtva /r\t.va/ <r\.t\.va> masc. a kind of
skin disease.
170
rta= /r\.taГџ/ <r\.ta.Гџ\> fem. redness.
rmUj /r\.muГ”/ <r\.mu.Г”\> fem. 1.
humor, 2. fun.
rtaXu& /r\.ta.Г†u~/ <r\.ta.Г†u~> neut. yam.
rta&0Xu& /r\.ta~n.dЛ™\.Г†u~/ <r\.ta~.dh\.Г†u~>
adj. night-blind.
rTn /r\t.n\/ <r\.tn\> neut. a gem.
r9 /r\tЛ™/ <r\.th\> masc. a chariot.
rВҐI /r\d.di/ <r\.ddii> fem. 1. useless, 2.
scrap papers and etc.
rvrvvu& /r\v.r\v.vu~/ <r\.v\.r\.v\.vu~>
v.intr. to occur a biting sensation on the
tongue.
rivvar /r\.vi.var/ <r\.vi.va.r\> masc.
Sunday.
rvo /r\.vo/ <r\.vo> masc. granular flour
of wheat.
rs /r\s/ <r\.s\> masc. juice.
rbarI /r\.ba.ri/ <r\.ba.rii> masc. a
shepherd.
rs /r\s/ <r\.s\> masc. interest.
rmk6u& /r\.m\k.ГЋu~/ <r\.m\.k\.ГЋu~> neut.
a toy.
rsaksI /r\.sa.k\.si/ <r\.sa.k\.sii> fem.
an intense contest.
rm`a8 /r\m.kЛ™aВЇ/ <r\.m\.kha.ВЇ\> neut.
a riot.
rsadar /r\.sa.dar/ <r\.sa.da.r\> adj.
juicy.
rmjan /r\m.Г”an/ <r\.m\.Г”ha.n\> masc.
the ninth and the holy month of the Hijri
era.
rsay8 /r\.sa.j\ВЇ/ <r\.sa.j\.ВЇ\> neut.
chemical.
rmz4 /r\m.Г”Л™\Л‡/ <r\.m\.Г”h\.Л‡\> fem. the
climax and the higest tempo of dancing,
singing etc.
risk /r\.sik/ <r\.si.k\> adj. romantic.
rsI /r\.si/ <r\.sii> fem. a vaccine.
rsId /r\.sid/ <r\.sii.d\> fem. a receipt.
rmt /r\.m\t/ <r\.m\.t\> fem. 1. a
game, 2. a play. 3. a sport.
rmityaX /r\.m\.ti.jaÆ/ <r\.m\.ti.ja.Æ\>
adj. 1. playful, 2. joyful.
rmrmvu& /r\m.r\m.vu~/ <r\..m\.r\.m\.vu~>
v.intr. 1. to jingle, 2. to tinkle.
rmvu& /r\m.vu~/ <r\.m\.vu~> v.intr. 1. to
play, 2. to sport.
rso /r\.so/ <r\.so> masc. thick juice of
cooked vegetables.
rso;yo /r\.so.i.jo/ <r\.so.ii.jo> masc. a
male cook.
rso;8 /r\.so.i.j\ВЇ/ <r\.so.ii.j\.ВЇ\> fem.
a female cook.
171
rso: /r\.so.i/ <r\.so.ii> fem. 1. cooking,
2. cooked food.
r&g-ed /r\Лњ.bЛ™ed/ <r\~.g\.bhe.d\> masc.
racism.
rso6u& /r\.so.ГЋu~/ <r\.so.ГЋu~> neut. a
kitchen.
r&glo /r\Лњg.lo/ <r\~.g\.lo> masc. a
clown.
rsoXI /r\.so.Г†i/ <r\.so.Г†ii> fem. a buglike tumor.
r&gvu& /r\Лњg.vu~/ <r\~.g\.vu~> v.tr. to color.
rSto /r\s.to/ <r\.sto> masc. 1. a road, 2.
a cure, 3. a solution.
rSsI /r\s.si/ <r\.ssii> fem. a thick
string.
rhSy /r\.h\s.j\/ <r\.h\.sj\> neut. secret.
rhe5a8 /r\.he.Л‡Л™aВЇ/ <r\.he.Л‡ha.ВЇ\> neut.
1. a house, 2. an abode, 3. a residence.
r&gIn /r\Лњ.gin/ <r\~.gii.n\> adj. colorful.
ra: /ra.i/ <ra.ii> fem. 1. mustard plant,
2. mustard.
raxs /rak.Гџ\s/ <ra.kГџ\.s\> masc. 1. a
monster, 2. a demon, 3. a devil.
raxsI /rak.Гџ\.si/ <ra.kГџ\.sii> adj. 1.
devilish, 2. monstrous.
ra` /ra.kЛ™/ <ra.kh\> fem. ashes.
rhe8Ikr8I /r\.he.ВЇi.k\r.ВЇi/
<r\.he.ВЇii.k\.r\.ВЇii> fem. 1. life style,
2. manners.
rhevu& /r\.he.vu~/ <r\.he.vu~> v.intr. 1. to
live, 2. to dwell, 3. to reside.
ra`6I /rakЛ™.ГЋi/ <ra.kh\.ГЋii> fem. a
thread that sisters tie on the arm of the
brothers for their protection.
ra`vu& /rakЛ™.vu~/ <ra.kh\.vu~> v.tr. to
keep.
rXvu& /r\Г†.vu~/ <r\.Г†\.vu~> v.intr. to earn.
riXyam8u& /r\.ВЃi.ja.m\.ВЇu~/
<r\.Г†i.ja.m\.ВЇu~> adj. 1. beautiful, 2.
pleasant.
ra`o6Iyu& /ra.kЛ™o.ГЋi.ju~/ <ra.kho.ГЋii.ju~>
adj. grey.
rag /rag/ <ra.g\> masc. tune.
r&k /r\Лњk/ <r\~.k\> adj. poor.
raj /raГ”/ <ra.Г”\> neut. a kingdom.
r&g /r\Лњg/ <r\~.g\> masc. color.
rajku&vr /raГ”.ku~.v\r/ <ra.Г”\.ku~.v\.r\>
masc. a prince
r&g-Uim /r\Лњ.g\.bЛ™u.mi/ <r\~.g\.bhuu.mi>
fem. a theatre.
r&g7&g /r\Лњg.ГЋЛ™\Лњg/ <r\~.g\.ГЋh\~.g\>
masc. manners.
rajku&vrI /raГ”.ku~v.ri/ <ra.Г”\.ku~.v\.rii>
fem. a princess.
rajkar8 /raГ”.ka.r\ВЇ/ <ra.Г”\.ka.r\.ВЇ\>
neut. politics.
172
rajkIy /raГ”.ki.j\/ <ra.Г”\.kii.j\> adj.
political.
ratidvs /rat.di:.v\s/ <ra.t\.di.v\.s\>
adj. day and night.
rajkumar /raГ”.ku.mar/ <ra.Г”\.ku.ma.r\>
masc. prince.
ratpaXI /rat.pa.Г†i/ <ra.t\.pa.Г†ii> fem. a
night-shift.
rajgadI /raГ”.ga.di/ <ra.Г”\.ga.dii> fem. a
throne.
ratvaso /rat.va.so/ <ra.t\.va.so> masc. a
halt for a night.
raj0anI /raГ”.dЛ™a.ni/ <ra.Г”\.dha.nii> fem.
a state’s capital.
ratu& /red/ <ra.tu~> adj. red.
rai{a/rat.ri/ <ra.tri> fem. night.
rajnIit /raГ”.ni.ti/ <ra.Г”\.nii.ti> fem.
politics.
ranI /ra.ni/ <ra.nii> adj. wild.
rajnEitk /raГ”.n\i.tik/ <ra.Г”\.n\i.ti.k\>
adj. political.
raf6o /rapЛ™.ГЋo/ <ra.ph\.ГЋo> masc. 1. an
ant-hill, 2. a serpent’s burrow.
rajrmt /raГ”.r\.m\t/ <ra.Г”\.r\.m\.t\>
fem. diplomacy.
rab /rab/ <ra.b\> fem. gruel.
raja /ra.Г”a/ <ra.Г”a> masc. the king.
ram7ol /ram.ГЋЛ™ol/ <ra.m\.ГЋho.l\> masc.
a big drum.
[email protected] /ra.Г”i/ <ra.Г”ii> adj. pleased.
rajy /raГ”.j\/ <ra.Г”j\> neut. a state.
rajyai-qek /raГ”.ja.bЛ™i.Гџek/
<ra,Г”ja,bhi.sВ°e.k\> masc. 1.
enthronement, 2. coronation.
rampatr /ram.pa.t\r/ <ra.m\.pa.t\.r\>
neut. a begging-bowl.
ramfX /ram.pЛ™\Г†/ <ra.m\.ph\.Г†\> neut.
a kind of fruit.
ramba8 /ram.baВЇ/ <ra.m\.ba.ВЇ\> neut.
infallible.
ra6 /raГЋ/ <ra.ГЋ\> fem. a shout.
ra8I /ra.ВЇi/ <ra.ВЇii> fem. queen.
ra8Ivas /ra.ВЇi.vas/ <ra.ВЇii.va.s\> masc.
a harem.
ra8o /\ra.ВЇo/ <ra.ВЇo> masc. a Rajput
king.
rat /rat/ <ra.t\> fem. night.
ram-roso /ram.bЛ™\.ro.so/
<ra.m\.bh\.ro.so> masc. faith in god.
ram-rose /ram.bЛ™\.ro.se/
<ra.m\.bh\.ro.so> postp. 1. things left
on the faith in god, 2. things left
unattended.
ramrajy /ram.raГ”.j\/ <ra.m\.ra.Г”j\> neut.
an ideal state.
173
ramlIla /ram.li.la/ <ra.m\.lii.la> fem. a
folk drama.
ramI /ra.mi/ <ra.mii> masc. a gardener.
ramo /ra.mo/ <ra.mo> masc. a domestic
servant.
ra&0vu& /ra~dЛ™.vu~/ <ra~.dh\.vu~> v.tr. to
cook.
irbavvu& /ri.bav.vu~/ <ri.ba.v\.vu~> v.tr. 1.
to persecute, 2. to tyrannize.
irvaj /ri.vaГ”/ <ri.va.Г”\> masc. a custom.
ray8 /ra.j\ВЇ/ <ra.j\.ВЇ\> fem. a tree.
irsavu& /ri:sa.vu~/ <ri.sa.vu~> v.intr. to be
displeased.
ray8 /ra.j\ВЇ/ <ra.j\.ВЇ\> neut. fruits of
ray8 tree.
rIzvvu& /ri.Г”Л™\v.vu~/ <rii.Г”h\.v\.vu~> v.tr.
to please.
rav8h(9o /ra.v\ВЇ.h\tЛ™.tЛ™o/
<ra.v\.ВЇ\.h\.ththo> masc. a kind of
musical instrument.
rI7u& /ri.ГЋЛ™u~/ <rii.ГЋhu~> adj. seasoned.
ravi8yo /ra.v\.ВЇi.jo/ <ra.v\.ВЇi.jo> masc.
a village-watchman.
raQ4^ /raГџ.Л‡r\/ <ra.sВ°Л‡r\> neut. a nation.
raQ4^Iy /raß.ˇri.j\/ <ra.s°ßˇri.j\> adj.
national.
ras /ras/ <ra.s\> masc. a kind of
collective dance.
rasayi8k /ra.sa.j\.ВЇik/ <ra.sa.j\.ВЇi.k\>
adj. chemical.
rIt /rit/ <rii.t\> fem. 1. method, 2.
style.
rIt-at /rit.bЛ™at/ <rii.t\.bha.t\> masc. pl.
manners.
rItirvaj /rit.ri.vaГ”/ <rii.t\.ri.va.Г”\>
masc. pl. customs.
rI&g8 /riЛњ.g\ВЇ/ <rii~.g\.ВЇ\> neut. an
eggplant.
rI&2 /ri~cЛ™/ <rii~.ch\> neut. a bear.
ruAab /ru.ab/ <ru.a.b\> masc. 1. pomp,
2. grandeur.
raht /ra.h\t/ <ra.h\.t\> fem. relief.
rucvu& /ruc.vu~/ <ru.c\.vu~> exp. to like.
rahdarI /rah.da.ri/ <ra.h\.da.rii> masc.
a traveler on a foot.
ruic /ru.ci/ <ru.ci> fem. liking.
rahbr /rah.b\r/ <ra.h\.b\.r\> masc. a
guide.
ruickr /ru.ci.k\r/ <ru.ci.k\.r\> adj. 1.
tasteful, 2. likable.
rahu /ra.hu/ <ra.huu> masc. a planet of
that name.
rudn /ru.d\n/ <ru.d\.n\> neut.
weeping.
174
rui0r /ru.dЛ™ir/ <ru.dhi.r\> neut. blood.
ВЈmal /ru.mal/ <ruu.ma.l\> masc. 1.
towel, 2. handkerchief.
ВЈ /ru/ <ruu> neut. cotton.
ВЈzvu& /ruГ”Л™.vu~/ <ruu.Г”h\.vu~> v.intr. to
be healed.
£5vu& /ruˇ˙.vu~/ <ruu.ˇh\.vu~> v.intr. to be
enraged because of displeasure.
ВЈ&0vu& /ru~dЛ™.vu~/ <ruu~.dh\.vu~> v.tr. 1. to
restrict 2. to stop.
re`a /re.kЛ™a/ <re.kha> fem. a line.
re`a&= /re.ka~mГџ/ <re.kha~.Гџ\> masc. a
longitude.
ВЈ6u& /ru.ГЋu~/ <ruu.ГЋu~> adj. graceful.
rec /rec/ <re.c\> masc. a purgative.
ВЈ7 /ruГЋЛ™/ <ruu.ГЋh\> adj. traditionally
established.
re6 /reГЋ/ <re.ГЋ\> fem. a raid.
ВЈi7 /ru.ГЋЛ™i/ <ruu.ГЋhi> fem. a custom.
re6vu& /reГЋ.vu~/ <re.ГЋ\.vu~> v.tr. to pour.
ВЈp /rup/ <ruu.p\> neut. 1. appearance,
2. form.
rei7yaX /re.Î˙i.jaÆ/ <re.Îhi.ja.Æ\> adj. 1.
stray, 2. ownerless and wandering.
ВЈpk /ru.p\k/ <ruu.p\.k\> neut. a
metaphor.
re7u& /re.ГЋЛ™u~/ <re.ГЋhu~> adj. uncared for
by any one.
ВЈpre`a /rup.re.kЛ™a/ <ruu.p\.re.kha>
fem. an outline.
re8 /reВЇ/ <re.ВЇ\> neut. a substance for
soldering metals.
ВЈpaXu& /ru.pa.Г†u~/ <ruu.pa.Г†u~> adj.
beautiful.
retI /re.ti/ <re.tii> fem. sand.
ВЈpa&tr /ru.pa~n.t\r/ <ruu.pa~.t\.r\> neut.
transformation.
rebzeb /reb.Г”Л™eb/ <re.b\.Г”he.b\> adj.
wet with perspiration.
rel /rel/ <re.l\> fem. flood.
ВЈipyo /ru.pi.jo/ <ruu.pi.jo> masc.
India’s currency.
ВЈp&u /ru.pu~/ <ruu.pu~> neut. silver.
ВЈbВЈ /rub.ru/ <ruu.b\.ruu> advb. in the
presence of.
ВЈmzUm /rum.Г”Л™um/ <ruu.m\.Г”huu.m\>
advb. with the sounds of jingling
anklets.
relm2el /re.l\m.cЛ™el/ <re.l\.m\.che.l\>
fem. an overflow.
relavu& /re.la.vu~/ <re.la.vu~> v.intr. to
spread like a stream.
relo /re.lo/ <re.lo> masc. a small thin
flow.
re=m /re.Гџ\m/ <re.Гџh\.m\> neut. silken.
175
resadar /re.sa.dar/ <re.sa.da.r\> adj.
fibrous.
ronk /ro.n\k/ <ro.n\.k\> fem. beauty.
reso /re.so/ <re.so> masc. fiber.
ropvu& /rop.vu~/ <ro.p\.vu~> v.tr. 1. to
plant, 2. to sow.
re&kvu& /rВґ~k.vu~/ <re~.k\.vu~> v.intr. to
bellow (of cow, buffalo).
roma&c /ro.ma~Вµc/ <ro.ma~.c\> masc. a
thrill.
rok6 /ro.k\ГЋ/ <ro.k\.ГЋ\> fem. cash.
rovu& /ro.vu~/ <ro.vu~> v.intr. to cry.
rok6Iyu& /ro.k\.ГЋi.ju~/ <ro.k\.ГЋii.ju~> adj.
dealing in cash.
ro=nI /roГџ.ni/ <ro.Г”\.nii> fem.
illumination.
rokvu& /rok.vu~/ <ro.k\> v.tr. to stop.
roq /roГџ/ <ro.sВ°\> masc. 1. anger, 2.
wrath.
roka8 /ro.kaВЇ/ <ro.ka.ВЇ\> neut. delay.
rog /rog/ <ro.g\> masc. disease.
roigyu& /ro.gi.ju~/ <ro.gi.ju~> adj. sick.
roj /roГ”/ <ro.Г”\> masc. 1. a day, 2. a
date.
roj /roГ”/ <ro.Г”\> masc. a daily wage.
rojnI=I /roГ”.ni.Гџi/ <ro.Г”\.nii.Гџii> fem. a
diary.
rojbroj /roГ”.b\.roГ”/ <ro.Г”\.b\.ro.Г”\>
advb. everyday.
[email protected] /ro.Г”i/ <ro.Г”ii> fem. maintenance.
rojo /ro.Г”o/ <ro.Г”o> masc. a fast-day for
Muslim.
ro4lI /roˇ.li/ <ro.ˇ\.lii> fem. a thin, soft
circular bread of wheat flour.
rotl /ro.t\l/ <ro.t\.l\> adj. apt to weep
over trifles.
rOВ± /r\u.dr\/ <r\u.dr\> adj. 1. terrible,
2. horrible.
l
lkvo /l\k.vo/ <l\.k\.vo> masc.
paralysis.
lx8 /l\k.Гџ\ВЇ/ <l\.kГџ\.ВЇ\> neut. 1. a
sign, 2. a symptom, 3. quality.
lГҐmI /l\k.Гџmi/ <l\.kГџ\.mii> fem. the
wide of lord Vishnu and the goddess of
wealth.
l`pit /l\kЛ™.p\.ti/ <l\.kh\.p\.ti> masc.
a millionaire.
l`lU4 /l\k˙.luˇ/ <l\.kh\.luu.ˇ\> adj.
abundant.
l`vu& /l\kЛ™.vu~/ <l\.kh\.vu~> v.tr. to
write.
176
l`a8 /l\.kЛ™aВЇ/ <l\.kha.ВЇ\> neut.
written material.
lckvu& /l\.c\k.vu~/ <l\.c\.k\.vu~> v.intr.
to bend down because of burden.
l`av4 /l\.kЛ™a.v\Л‡/ <l\.kha.v\.Л‡\> fem.
writing.
lcko /l\c.ko/ <l\.c\.ko> masc. a lump
of a viscous substance.
l`o4I /l\.kЛ™o.Л‡i/ <l\.kho.Л‡ii> fem. a
marble.
lcpc /l\c.p\c/ <l\.c\.p\.c\> adj.
viscous and doughy.
lg6I /l\g.ГЋi/ <l\.g\.ГЋii> fem. a bar of
gold.
ljam8I /l\.Г”am.ВЇi/ <l\.Г”a.m\.ВЇii> fem. a
kind of plant whose leaves contract
when we touch.
lgn /l\.g\n/ <l\.g\.n\> neut. marriage.
lg-g /l\g.bЛ™\g/ <l\.g\.bh\.g\> advb.
approximately.
lgatar /l\.ga.tar/ <l\.ga.ta.r\> advb.
nonstop.
ljavvu& /l\.Г”av.vu~/ <l\.Г”a.v\.vu~> v.tr. to
disgrace.
ljja /l\Ô.Ôa/ <l\.ÔÔa> fem. modesty.
l4 /l\Л‡/ <l\.Л‡\> fem. a thin string of
hair.
lgam /l\.gam/ <l\.ga.m\> fem. 1. the
bit of bridle, 2. control.
l4kvu& /l\.Л‡\k.vu~/ v.intr. to hang.
lgavvu& /l\.gav.vu~/ <l\.ga.v\.vu~> v.tr. 1.
to smear with, 2. to join.
l4kaXu& /l\Л‡.ka.Г†u~/ <l\.Л‡\.ka.Г†u~> adj. apt
to walk.
lgI /l\.gi/ <l\.gii> advb. 1. till, 2. up to.
l4ku& /l\Л‡.ku~/ <l\.Л‡\.ku~> neut. a graceful
expression or physical attitude.
lgolg /l\.go.l\g/ <l\.go.l\.g\> postp.
very near.
lGn /l\g.n\/ <l\.gn\> neut. marriage.
l6t /l\.ГЋ\t/ <l\.ГЋ\.t\> fem. a fight.
l6vu& /l\ГЋ.vu~/ <l\.ГЋ\.vu~> v.intr. 1. to
fight, 2. to quarrel.
l3rv3r /l\.gЛ™\r.v\.gЛ™\r/
<l\.g\.r\.v\.g\.r\> adj. tattered.
l6a: /l\.ГЋai/ <l\.ГЋa.ii> fem. a battle.
l3u /l\.gЛ™u/ <l\.ghu> adj. small.
l6ayk /l\.ГЋa.j\k/ <l\.ГЋa.j\.k\> adj. 1.
warlike, 2. inclined to fight.
l3utm /l\.gЛ™u.t\m/ <l\.ghu.t\.m\> adj.
minimum.
l3umtI /l\.gЛ™u.m\.ti/ <l\.ghu.m\.tii>
fem. minority.
l78 /l\.ГЋЛ™\ВЇ/ <l\.ГЋh\.ВЇ\> fem.
manner.
177
l8vu& /l\ВЇ.vu~/ <l\.ВЇ\.vu~> v.tr. 1. to
reap, 2. to harvest.
lpavu& /l\.pa.vu~/ <l\.pa.vu~> v.intr. to
hide oneself.
lt /l\t/ <l\.t\> fem. habit.
lpe4vu& /l\.peˇ.vu~/ <l\.pe.ˇ\.vu~> v.tr. 1.
to wrap, 2. to involve someone.
l]ao /l\t.to/ <l\.tto> masc. 1. a locality,
2. a street.
l96vu& /l\.tЛ™\ГЋ.vu~/ <l\.th\.ГЋ\.vu~> v.intr.
1. to stumble, 2. to deteriorate.
l96Iyu& /l\.tЛ™\.ГЋi.ju~/ <l\.Л‡h\.ГЋii.ju~> neut.
stumbling.
lpkvu& /l\.p\k.vu~/ <l\.p\.k\.vu~> v.intr.
to be scorched.
lpkaro /l\p.ka.ro/ <l\.p\.ka.ro> masc.
repeated scorching or stinging pain.
lp2p /l\p.cЛ™\p/ <l\.p\.ch\.p\> fem.
underhand maneuvering.
lp4 /l\.p\Л‡/ <l\.p\.Л‡\> fem. . a swoop,
2. a pouncing upon.
lp4vu& /l\.p\Л‡.vu~/ <l\.p\.Л‡\.vu~> v.tr. to
trap someone.
lpe6vu& /l\.peГЋ.vu~/ <l\.pe.ГЋ\.vu~> v.tr. to
besmear thickly.
lpe6o /l\.pe.ГЋo/ <l\.pe.ГЋo> masc. a
thick layer.
lPp6 /l\p.p\ГЋ/ <l\.pp\.ГЋ\> fem. a slap.
lPpn2Ppn /l\p.p\n.cЛ™\p.p\n/
<l\.pp\.n\.ch\.pp\.n\> fem. useless
worry or discussion.
lf6ff6 /l\.pЛ™\ГЋ.pЛ™\.pЛ™\ГЋ/
<l\.ph\.ГЋ\.ph\.ph\.ГЋ\> advb. with
disorderly clothing.
lfru& /l\pЛ™.ru~/ <l\.ph\.ru~> neut. a lump
of the nose-mucus.
lb6vu& /l\.b\ГЋ.vu~/ <l\.b\.ГЋ\.vu~> v.intr.
to hand.
lp6ak /l\p.ГЋak/ <l\.p\.ГЋa.k\> fem. a
slap.
lbaco /l\.ba.co/ <l\.ba.co> masc. a
disorderly collection of cloths, broken
things and etc.
lplp /l\p.l\p/ <l\.p\.l\.p\> fem.
prattle.
lba6 /l\.baГЋ/ <l\.ba.ГЋ\> adj. roguish.
lpvu& /l\p.vu~/ <l\.p\.vu~> v.intr. to hide.
lm8azI&k /l\m.ВЇa.Г”Л™i~k/ <l\.m\.ВЇa.Г”hi.k\>
fem. a tedious and useless discussion.
lpsvu& /l\.p\s.vu~/ <l\.p\.s\.vu~> v.intr.
to slip.
lm8u& /l\m.ВЇu~/ <l\.m\.ВЇu~> neut. the
temple.
lps8u& /l\.p\s.vu~/ <l\.p\.s\.vu~> adj.
slippery.
ly /l\j/ <l\.j\> masc. rhythm.
178
llkar /l\l.kar/ <l\.l\.ka.r\> masc. a
loud singing or utterance.
lso4vu& /l\.soˇ.vu~/ <l\.so.ˇ\.vu~> v.tr. to
mash.
llkarvu& /l\l.kar.vu~/ <l\.l\.ka.r\.vu~> v.tr.
1. to sing in a lingering tune, 2. to
challenge someone.
lha8I /l\.ha.ВЇi/ <l\.ha.ВЇii> fem. gift
distributing among the relatives.
llcavu& /l\l.ca.vu~/ <l\.l\.ca.v\.vu~> v.tr.
to be enticed.
lhavo /l\.ha.vo/ <l\.ha.vo> masc. a
chance.
lihyo /l\.hi.jo/ <l\.hi.jo> masc. a scribe.
llna /l\l.na/ <l\.l\.na> fem. a beautiful
woman.
lvro /l\v.ro/ <l\.v\.ro> masc. a bruise
caused by the nail etc.
lvvu& /l\v.vu~/ <l\.v\.vu~> v.intr. 1. to
prate, 2. to chatter.
lvajm /l\.va.Г”\m/ <l\.va.Г”\.m\> neut. a
periodic subscription.
lvadI /l\.va.di/ <l\.va.dii> fem.
pertaining to arbitration.
lvaru& /l\.va.ru~/ <l\.va.ru~> neut. 1. a kid
(of goat) 2. a lamb.
lvaro /l\.va.ro/ <l\.va.ro> masc. prattle.
liv&g /l\.viЛњg/ <l\.vi~.g\> neut. a clove.
liv&igyu& /l\.viЛњ.gi.ju~/ <l\.vi~.gi.ju~> adj. as
big as or shaped like a clove.
l+kr /l\Гџ.k\r/ <l\.Гџk\.r\> neut. army.
lher /l\.her/ <l\.he.r\> fem. a wave.
lherI /l\.he.ri/ <l\.he.rii> adj. joyful.
lXvu& /l\Г†.vu~/ <l\.Г†\.vu~> v.intr. to bend
down.
l&g6u& /l\Лњg.ГЋu~/ <l\~.g\.ГЋu~> adj. 1. lame,
2. cripple.
l&g6o /l\Лњg.ГЋo/ <l\~.g\.ГЋo> masc. a type
of a mango.
l&gr /l\Лњ.g\r/ <l\~.g\.r\> neut. an
anchor.
l&gUr /l\Лњ.gur/ <l\~.guu.r\> masc. a
monkey.
l&go4Iyu& /l\Лњ.go.Л‡i.jo/ <l\~.go.Л‡i.ju~> masc.
childhood (friend).
l&p4 /l\m.p\Л‡/ <l\~.p\.Л‡\> adj.
adulterous.
ls8 /l\.s\ВЇ/ <l\.s\.ВЇ\> neut. garlic.
l&bcors /l\mb.co.r\s/ <l\~.b\.co.r\.s\>
adj. rectangular.
lsrko /l\.s\r.ko/ <l\.s\.r\.ko> masc. a
scratch.
l&bodr /l\m.bo.d\r/ <l\~.bo.d\.r\> adj.
pot-bellied.
lak6I /lak.ГЋi/ <la.k\.ГЋii> fem. a stick.
179
lak6u& /lak.ГЋu~/ <la.k\.ГЋu~> neut. 1. wood,
2. timber.
laxi8k /lak.Гџ\.nik/ <la.kГџ\.ВЇi.k\> adj.
1. peculiar, 2. typical.
la` /lakЛ™/ <la.kh\> fem. sealing-wax.
la` /lakЛ™/ <la.kh\> adj. one hundred
thousand.
la`u& /la.kЛ™u~/ <la.khu~> neut. a birthmark.
la6kvayu& /la.ГЋ\k.va.ju~/ <la.ГЋ\.k\.va.ju~>
adj. beloved (child).
la6vo /laГЋ.vo/ <la.ГЋ\.vo> masc. a kind
of sweet.
la6u /la.ГЋu~/ <la.ГЋu> masc. a kind of
sweet.
lat /lat/ <la.t\> fem. a kick.
lad /lad/ <la.d\> fem. excretion of
some quadrupeds such as horse.
ladvu& /lad.vu~/ <la.d\.vu~> v.tr. to load.
lag /lag/ <la.g\> masc. 1. a support, 2.
an opportunity.
ladI /la.di/ <la.dii> fem. flooring tile.
lag8I /lag.ВЇi/ <la.g\.ВЇii> fem.
sentiment.
la0vu& /ladЛ™.vu~/ <la.dh\.vu~> v.exp. 1. to
find, 2. to get.
lagt /la.g\t/ <la.g\.t\> fem. local
taxes.
lap4 /la.p\Л‡/ <la.p\.Л‡\> fem. a slap.
lagvg /lag.v\g/ <la.g\.v\.g\> fem.
influence (for getting gain illegally).
laprva /la.p\r.va/ <la.p\.r\.va> adj.
careless.
lagvu& /lag.vu~/ <la.g\.vu~> v.exp. to feel.
lap=I /lap.Гџi/ <la.p\.Гџii> fem. a sweet of
that name.
lagvu& /lag.vu~/ <la.g\.vu~> v.intr. to
kindle.
lafo /la.pЛ™o/ <la.pho> masc. a slept.
lacar /la.car/ <la.ca.r\> adj. helpless.
la- /labЛ™/ <la.bh\> masc. 1. advantage,
2. benefit.
laj /laГ”/ <la.Г”\> fem. 1. credit, 2.
reputation.
layk /la.j\k/ <la.j\.k\> adj. suitable.
la4I /ma.Л‡i/ <la.Л‡ii> fem. timber-market.
la5I /la.Л‡Л™i/ <la.Л‡hii> fem. a thick stick.
la6 /laГЋ/ <la.ГЋ\> masc. pl. endearment.
lal /lal/ <la.l\> adj. red.
lalc /la.l\c/ <la.l\.c\> fem. greed.
lalcu& /lal.cu~/ <la.l\.cu~> adj. greedy.
180
lalsa /lal.sa/ <la.l\.sa> fem. intense
desire.
il&g /liЛњ.g\/ <li~.g\> neut. 1. a sign, 2.
the idol of Lord Shiva, 3. the generative
organ of the male.
lala= /la.laГџ/ <la.la.Гџ\> fem. redness.
il&bu /lim.bu~/ <li~.bu~> neut. a lemon.
lailma /la.li.ma/ <la.li.ma> fem.
redness.
il&bu6I /lim.bu.ГЋi/ <li~.bu.ГЋii> fem. a
lemon-tree.
lalI /la.li/ <la.lii> fem. redness.
lavrI /lav.ri/ <la.v\.rii> fem. a kind of
bird.
lavvu& /lav.vu~/ <la.v\.vu~> v.tr. 1. to
bring, 2. to fetch, 3. to buy.
la= /laГџ/ <la.Гџ\> fem. a corpse.
laX /laÆ/ <la.Æ\> fem. 1. saliva, 2.
spittle.
laXo /la.Г†o/ <la.Г†o> masc. a burning
coal.
il&boXI /lim.bo.Г†i/ <li~.bo.Г†ii> fem. the
fruit of a neem tree.
lI` /likЛ™/ <lii.kh\> fem. 1. an egg of a
louse, 2. a nit.
lIcI /li.ci/ <lii.cii> fem. a kind of fruittree or its fruit.
lI4I /li.Л‡i/ <lii.Л‡ii> fem. a line.
lIm6I /lim.ГЋi/ <lii.m\.ГЋii> fem. a kind
of neem tree.
la&38 /la~Лњ.g\ВЇ/ <la~.g\.ВЇ\> fem. fasting.
lIm6o /lim.ГЋo/ <lii.m\.ГЋo> masc. a
neem tree.
la&c /la~c/ <la~.c\> fem. a bribe.
lIlm /li.l\m/ <lii.l\.m\> neut. emerald.
la&bu& /la~.bu~/ <la~.bu~> adj. long.
lIla /li.la/ <lii.la> fem. play.
ili`t /li.kЛ™it/ <li.khi.t\> adj. written.
lIlalher /li.la.l\.her/ <lii.la.l\.he.r\>
fem. complete happiness.
iljjt /liÔ.Ô\t/ <li.ÔÔ\.t\> fem. keen joy.
ilip /li.pi/ <li.pi> fem. script.
illam /li.lam/ <li.la.m\> neut. auction.
ilso4o /li.so.Л‡o/ <li.so.Л‡o> masc. 1. a thin
line 2. a bruise.
lIla= /li.laГџ/ <lii.la.Гџ\> fem. greenness.
lIlu& /li.lu~/ <lii.lu~> neut. green.
lIsu& /li.su~/ <lii.su~> adj. smooth.
lI&4 /li~Л‡/ <lii~.Л‡\> neut. nasal mucus.
lI&6I& /li~ВЇ.ГЋi/ <lii~.ГЋii> fem. excrement of
goat etc.
181
lU4 /luˇ/ <luu.ˇ\> fem. robbing.
lI&p8 /li~.p\ВЇ/ <lii~.p\.ВЇ\> neut. daubing
with cow-dung, clay etc.
lI&pvu& /li~p.vu~/ <lii~.p\.vu~> v.tr. to daub
with cow-dung, clay etc.
luCca: /luc.cai/ <lu.cca.ii> fem.
cunningness.
luCcu& /luc.cu~/ <lu.ccu~> adj. cunning.
lu2i8yu& /lu.cЛ™\.ВЇi.ju~/ <lu.ch\.ВЇi.ju~> neut.
jute cloth for wiping.
lu4aru /lu.Л‡a.ru/ <lu.Л‡a.ru> masc. a
robber.
luhar /lu.har/ <lu.ha.r\> masc. a
blacksmith.
lu&gI /luЛњ.gi/ <luu~.gii> fem. a cylindrical
garment worn round the waist and
covering the legs.
lU4vu& /luˇ.vu~/ <luu.ˇ\.vu~> v.tr. to rob.
lU8 /luВЇ/ <luu.ВЇ\> neut. salt.
lU8o /lu.ВЇo/ <luu.ВЇo> masc. the effects
of combination with salt.
lUm /lum/ <luu.m\> fem. a bunch.
lUlI /lu.li/ <luu.lii> fem. the tongue
(derogatory).
lUlu& /lu.lu~/ <lu.lu~> adj. lame.
le` /lekЛ™/ <le.kh\> masc. 1. an article,
2. a writing.
le`k /le.kЛ™\k/ <le.kh\.k\> masc. a
writer (male)
le`n /le.kЛ™\n/ <le.kh\.n\> neut.
writing.
lU /lu/ <luu> fem. sunstroke.
le`u& /le.kЛ™u~/ <le.khu~> neut. account.
lU`s /lu.kЛ™\s/ <luu.kh\.s\> fem. a kind
of skin-disease.
le`e /le.kЛ™e/ <le.khe> advb. at the rate.
lU`u& /lu.kЛ™u~/ <luu.khu~> adj. dry
(without oil, ghee etc.).
lug6a&l]aa& /lug.ГЋa~.l\t.ta~/
<luu.g\.ГЋa~.l\.tta~> neut. pl. clothes and
similar other things.
lUg6u& /lug.ГЋu~/ <luu.g\.ГЋu~> neut. 1. a
garment, 2. a sari, 3. an article of dress.
lU2vu& /lucЛ™.vu~/ <lu.ch\.vu~> v.tr. to
wipe.
le8dar /lВґВЇ.dar/ <le.ВЇ\.da.r\> adj. a
creditor.
le8de8 /leВЇ.deВЇ/ <le.ВЇ\.de.ВЇ\> fem.
relation of financial transaction.
lep /lep/ <le.p\> masc. coating.
lepvu& /lep.vu~/ <le.p\.vu~> v.tr. to coat.
lebas /le.bas/ <le.ba.s\> masc.
costume.
182
le-agu /le.bЛ™a.gu/ <le.bha.gu~> adj.
unreliable (person).
loko]ar /lo.kot.t\r/ <lo.ko.tt\.r\> adj.
super-human.
levadeva /le.va.de.va/ <le.va.de.va> fem.
1. relation, 2. concern.
lo`&6 /lo.kЛ™\ВЇГЋ/ <lo.kh\~.ГЋ\> neut. iron.
levu& /le.vu~/ <le.vu~> v.tr. 1. to take, 2. to
purchase, 3. to accept.
locn /lo.c\n/ <lo.c\.n\> neut. the eye
(poetic).
loco /lo.co/ <lo.co> masc. a lump.
lok /lok/ <lo.k\> masc. 1. people, 2. a
mythological region of the universe.
lokk9a /lok.k\.tЛ™a/ <lo.k\.k\.tha> fem.
a folktale.
lokgIt /lok.git/ <lo.k\.gii.t\> neut. a
folksong.
lokccaR /lok.c\r.ca/ <lo.k\.c\.rca> fem.
popular talk.
[email protected] /lok.Г”i.v\n/ <lo.k\.Г”ii.v\.n\>
neut. social life.
lokip/y /lok.pri.j\/ <lo.k\.pri.j\> adj.
popular.
lok-oGy /lok.bЛ™og.j\/ <lo.k\.bho.gj\>
adj. capable of being understood by the
masses.
lokmt /lok.m\t/ <lo.k\.m\.t\> masc.
public opinion.
lok=ahI /lok.Гџa.hi/ <lo.k\.Гџa.hii> fem.
democracy.
lokiht /lok.hit/ <l> neut. public welfare.
lokacar /lo.ka.car/ <lo.ka.ca.r\> masc.
social customs.
lokoikt /lo.kok.ti/<lo.ko.kti> fem. a
proverb.
lo4 /loˇ/ <lo.ˇ\> masc. 1. flour, 2. fine
powder.
lo4vu& /loˇ.vu~/ <lo.ˇ\.vu~> v.intr. to roll
on around.
lo7I /lo.ГЋЛ™i/ <lo.ГЋhii> fem. an iron pan.
lo7u& /lo.ГЋЛ™u~/ <lo.ГЋhu~> neut. iron.
lop /lop/ <lo.p\> masc. 1. merger, 2.
assimilation.
lopvu& /lop.vu~/ <lo.p\.vu~> v.intr. to
hide.
lofr /lo.pЛ™\r/ <lo.ph\.r\> adj. a
vagabond.
lo- /lobЛ™/ <lo.bh\> masc. greed.
lo-am8u& /lo.bЛ™am.ВЇu~/ <lo.bha.m\.ВЇu~>
adj. enticing.
lo-I /lo.bЛ™i/ <lo.bhii> adj. greedy.
lohcu&bk /loh.cum.b\k/ <lo.h\.cu~.b\.k\>
neut. a magnet.
lohIyaX /lo.hi.jaÆ/ <lo.hii.ja.Æ\> adj. 1.
bloody, 2. violent, 3. stained with blood.
lohI /lo.hi/ <lo.hii> neut. blood.
183
lohIwkaXo /lo.hi.u.ka.Г†o/ <lo.hii.u.ka.Г†o>
masc. quarrel.
v`a8 /v\.kЛ™aВЇ/ <v\.kha.ВЇ\> masc.
praise.
lohIluha8 /lo.hi.lu.haВЇ/ <lo.hii.lulha.ВЇ\>
adj. bleeding heavily.
v`a8vu& /v\.kЛ™aВЇ.vu~/ <v\.kha.ВЇ\.vu~>
v.tr. to praise.
lohIva /lo.hi.va/ <lo.hii.va> masc. a
kind of disease related to blood.
v`ar /v\.kЛ™ar/ <v\.kha.r\> fem. a store
house.
loiXyu& /lo.Г†i.ju~/ <lo.Г†i.ju~> neut. earornament for women.
v`o6vu& /v\.kЛ™oГЋ.vu~/ <v\.kho.ГЋ\.vu~>
v.tr. 1. to find faults, 2. to criticize.
lo&do /lГё~.do/ <lo~.do> masc. a lump of
sticky.
vg6aw /v\g.ГЋau/ <v\.g\.ГЋa.u~> adj.
pertaining to wood.
lOikk/l\u.kik/ <l\u.ki.k\> adj. worldly.
vg6o /v\g.ГЋo/ <v\.g\/ГЋo> masc.
barren region.
v
vkrvu& /v\.k\r.vu~/ <v\.k\.r\.vu~> v.intr.
1. to deteriorate 2. to worsen.
vkro /v\k.ro/ <v\.k\.ro> masc. sale.
vkIl /v\.kil/ <v\.kii.l\> masc. a
lawyer.
vkIlatnamu& /v\.ki.lat.na.mu~/
<v\.kii.la.t\.na.mu~> neut. power of
attorney.
vgr /v\.g\r/ <v\.g\.r\> postp. without.
vga6vu& /v\.gaГЋ.vu~/ <v\.ga.ГЋ\.vu~> v.tr.
to cause to sound (of musical
instrument).
vga6vu& /v\.gaГЋ.vu~/ <v\.ga.ГЋ\.vu~> v.tr.
1. to harm, 2. to injure.
vgere /v\.ge.re/ <v\.ge.re> advb. et
cetera.
vgo /v\.go/ <v\.go> masc. a locality.
vktVy /v\k.t\v.j\/ <v\.kt\.vj\> neut. a
speech.
vgovvu& /v\.gov.vu~/ <v\.go.v\.vu~> v.tr.
to defame.
vkta /v\k.ta/ <v\.kta> masc. a speaker.
v3ar /v\.gЛ™ar/ <v\.gha.r\> masc. the
act of sizzling a liquid dish with boiled
mixture of ghee or oil and spices.
v`t /v\.kЛ™\t/ <v\.kh\.t\> masc. time.
v`tov`t /v\.kЛ™\.to.v\.kЛ™\t/
<v\.kh\.to.v\.kh\.t\> advb. 1. often,
2. frequently.
v3arvu& /v\.gЛ™ar.vu~/ <v\.gha.r\.vu~> v.tr.
to sizzle a liquid dish with boiled ghee or
oil and spices.
184
vcgaXo /vc.ga.Г†o/ <v\.c\.ga.Г†o> masc.
in middle part of time.
vcn /v\.c\n/ <v\.c\.n\> neut.
promise.
vcn /v\.c\n/ <v\.c\.n\> neut. number
(grammatical).
vclu& /v\c.lu~/ <v\.c\.lu~> adj. 1. middle,
2. intermediate.
vCce /v\c.ce/ <v\.cce> postp. in the
middle.
v2U4vu& /v\.c˙uˇ.vu~/ <va.chu.ˇ\.vu~>
v.intr. to go off suddenly.
v2eru& /v\.cЛ™e.ru~/ <va.che.ru~> neut. a
colt.
v4avvu& /v\.Л‡av.vu~/ <v\.Л‡a.v\.vu~> v.tr. 1.
to exchange a big coin/ bill for smaller
ones, 2. to encash a draft, note or checks
etc.
v4avvu& /v\.Л‡av.vu~/ <v\.Л‡a.v\.vu~> v.tr. to
pass by or cross safely.
v4emaguR /v\.Л‡e.mar.gu/ <v\.Л‡e.ma.rgu>
masc. a traveler.
v6 /v\ГЋ/ <v\ГЋ> masc. a banyan tree.
v6vo /v\ГЋ.vo/ <v\.ГЋ\.vo> masc. an
ancestor.
v6ssro /v\ГЋ.s\s.ro/ <v\.ГЋ\.s\.s\.ro>
masc. father of a father-in-law.
v6sasu /v\ГЋ.sa.su~/ <v\.ГЋ\.sa.su> fem.
mother of a father-in-law.
v2erI /v\.cЛ™e.ri/ <v\.che.rii> fem. a filly.
v2o6vu& /v\.cЛ™oГЋ.vu~/ <v\.cho.ГЋ\.vu~> v.tr.
to separate.
vjn /v\.Г”\n/ <v\.Г”\.n\> neut. 1.
weight, 2. burden.
v4 /v\Л‡/ <v\.Л‡\> masc. reputation.
v4lavu& /v\Л‡.la.vu~/ <v\.Л‡\.la.vu~> v.tr. 1.
to become a religious/ caste convert, 2.
to be polluted because of food, drinks
etc.
v4hukm /v\Л‡.hu.k\m/ <v\.Л‡\.hu.k\.m\>
masc. an ordinance.
v4a8a /v\.Л‡a.ВЇa/ <v\.Л‡a.ВЇa> masc. a
kind of beans.
v4av /v\.Л‡av/ <v\.Л‡a.v\> masc.
discount.
v6Il /v\.ГЋil/ <v\.ГЋii.l\> adj. elder
person in a family.
v6IlopaijRt /v\.ГЋi.lo.par.Г”it/
<v\.ГЋi.lo.pa.rГ”i.t\> adj. acquired or
erned by ancestors.
v6e /v\.ГЋe/ <v\.ГЋe> postp. 1. by, 2.
with.
v7vu& /v\ГЋЛ™.vu~/ <v\.ГЋh\.vu~> v.intr. to
quarrel.
v8kr /v\ВЇ.k\r/ <v\.ВЇ\.k\.r\> masc. a
weaver.
v8jar /v\ВЇ.Г”ar/ <v\.ВЇ\.Г”ha.r\> fem. a
craven.
v8vu& /v\ВЇ.vu~/ <v\.ВЇ\.vu~> v.tr. 1. to
weave, 2. to intertwine and make, 3. to
roll bread, 4. to pick or gather crops.
185
v8svu& /v\.ВЇ\s.vu~/ <v\.ВЇ\.s\.vu~> v.intr.
1. to worsen, 2. to deteriorate.
v8a4 /v\.¯aˇ/ <v\.¯a.ˇ\> masc. texture.
vtn /v\.t\n/ <v\.t\.n\> neut. native
place.
v0are /v\.dЛ™a.re/ <v\.dha.re> adj. 1.
more, 2. additional.
v0avvu& /v\.dЛ™av.vu~/ <v\.dha.v\.vu~>
v.tr. to welcome gladly.
v0u /v\.dЛ™u/ <v\.dhu> adj. more.
v0U /v\.dЛ™u/ <v\.dhuu> fem. a wife.
vtnI /v\t.ni/ <v\.t\.ni> adj. a native.
vtI /v\.ti/ <v\.tii> postp. on behalf of.
vd /v\d/ <v\.d\> fem. the dark half of a
lunar month.
vdn /v\.d\n/ <v\.d\.n\> neut. the face
(poetic).
vВҐI /v\d.di/ <v\.ddii> fem. reminder
(in mathematics).
v0ervu& /v\.dЛ™er.vu~/ <v\.dhe.r\.vu~> v.tr.
to offer as a sacrifice.
vn /v\n/ <v\.n\> neut. forest.
vnraj /v\n.raГ”/ <v\.n\.ra.Г”\> masc. the
king of the forest- lion.
vnSpit /v\.n\s.p\.ti/ <v\.n\.sp\.ti>
fem. 1. trees, plants, etc. 2. vegetation.
v0 /v\dЛ™/ <v\.dh\> masc. a slaughter.
vpra= /v\p.raГџ/ <v\.p\.ra.Гџ\> masc. 1.
use, 2. consumption.
v0vu& /v\dЛ™.vu~/ <v\.dh\.vu~> v.intr. 1. to
grow, 2. to increase.
vfadar /v\.pЛ™a.dar/ <v\.pha.da.r\> adj.
faithful.
v0vu& /v\dЛ™.vu~/ <v\.dh\.vu~> v.intr. to
remain as a residue.
vmn /v\.m\n/ <v\.m\.n\> neut.
vomiting.
v0a: /v\.dЛ™a.i/ <v\.dha.ii> fem. good
news.
vmX /v\.m\Г†/ <v\.m\.Г†\> masc.
whirlpool.
v0am8u& /v\.dЛ™am.ВЇu~/ <v\.dha,m\.ВЇu~>
neut. a ceremonial worship of goddess
on an auspicious event.
vy /v\j/ <v\.j\> fem. age.
v0arvu& /v\.dЛ™ar.vu~/ <v\.dha.r\.vu~> v.tr.
to increase.
v0arvu& /v\.dЛ™ar.vu~/ <v\.dha.r\.vu~> v.tr.
to save.
vyov<)0 /v\.jo.vrudЛ™.dЛ™\/
<v\.jo.vr≤u.dhdh\> adj. 1. old, 2.
elderly.
vr /v\r/ <v\.r\> masc. a bridegroom.
vr` /v\.r\kЛ™/ <v\.r\.kh\> masc. a very
thin layer of gold or sliver.
186
vr3o6Iya& /v\r.gЛ™o.ГЋi.ja~/
<v\.r\.gho.ГЋii.ja~> neut. pl. people
accompanying a marriage procession.
vr3o6o /masc./ <v\.r\.gho.ГЋo> masc. a
marriage procession.
vr8 /v\.r\ВЇ/ <v\.r\.ВЇ\> fem. 1. a caste,
2. a social class.
vraX /v\.raÆ/ <v\.ra.Æ\> fem. 1. steam,
2. vapor.
viryaXI /v\.ri.ja.Г†i/ <v\.ri.ja.Г†ii> fem.
fennel seed.
virQ5 /v\.riГџ.Л‡Л™\/ <v\.ri.sВ°Л‡h\> adj. chief.
vru /v\.ru/ <v\.ru> neut. a wolf.
vre6u& /v\.re.ГЋu~/ <v\.re.ГЋu~> neut. a rope.
vr8aigyu& /v\r.ВЇa.gi.ju~/ <v\.r\.ВЇa.gi.ju~>
adj. 1. foppish, 2. vainly showy.
vr8I /v\r.ВЇi/ <v\.r\.ВЇii> fem. selection.
vro /v\.ro/ <v\.ro> masc. a caste
dinner.
vgR /v\r.g\/ <v\.rg\> masc. a class.
vrtvu& /v\.r\t.vu~/ <v\.r\.t\.vu~> v.intr.
to behave.
vrtaro /v\r.ta.ro/ <v\.r\.ta.ro> masc. 1.
a prediction, 2. a forcast.
vrdan /v\r.dan/ <v\.r\.da.n\> neut.
blessing from a god, a saint etc.
vrmaXa /v\r.ma.Г†a/ <v\.r\.ma.Г†a> fem.
the garland that bride puts round the
neck of the bridegroom.
vrraja /v\r.ra.Г”a/ <v\.r\.ra.Г”a> masc. a
bridegroom.
vrvu& /v\r.vu~/ <v\.r\.vu~> adj. 1. ugly, 2.
misshaped, 3. wicked.
vrsI /v\r.si/ <v\.r\.sii> fem. ceremony
performed on the first anniversary of
someone’s death.
vrs /v\.r\s/ <v\.r\.s\> neut. year.
vrsad /v\r.sad/ <v\.r\.sa.d\> masc.
rain.
vgRivg/h /v\rg.vig.r\h/
<v\.rg\.vi.gr\.h\> masc. a class-war.
vcRs /v\r.c\s/ <v\.rc\.s\> neut.
controlling power.
vcRSvI /v\r.c\s.vi/ <v\.rc\.svii> adj.
powerful.
v8R /v\r.ВЇ\/ <v\.rВЇ\> masc. color.
v8R /v\r.ВЇ\/ <v\.rВЇ\> masc. letter.
v8R /v\r.ВЇ\/ <v\.rВЇ\> fem. caste.
v8Rn /v\r.ВЇ\n/ <v\.rВЇ\.n\> neut. 1.
description, 2. narration.
v8Rvvu& /v\r.ВЇ\v.vu~/ <v\.rВЇ\.v\.vu~> v.tr.
1. to describe, 2. to narrate.
v8Rs&kr /v\r.ВЇ\.s\Лњ.k\r/
<v\.rВЇ\.s\~.k\.r\> adj. born of parents
of different castes or religion.
187
v8aRnuk/m /v\r.ВЇa.nu.kr\m/
<v\.rna.nu.kr\.m\> masc.
alphabetical order.
vtR8U&k /v\r.t\.ВЇu~k/ <v\.rt\.ВЇu~.k\> fem.
1. behavior, 2. conduct.
vtRn /v\r.t\n/ <v\.rt\.n\> neut. 1.
behavior, 2. conduct.
vsva4 /v\s.vaˇ/ <v\.s\.va.ˇ\> masc. 1.
residing, 2. dwelling, 3. stay.
vsvu& /v\s.vu~/ <v\.s\.vu~> v.intr. 1. to
dwell, 2. to reside.
vs&t /v\.s\nt/ <v\.s\~.t\> fem. the
spring season.
vtRman /v\r.t\.man/ <v\.rt\.ma.n\> adj.
1. present, 2. current.
vsa8u& /v\.sa.ВЇu~/ <v\.sa.ВЇu~> neut. a
food item made of various spices and
eaten normally in winter.
vtRmankaX /v\r.t\.man.kaÆ/
<v\.rt\.ma.n\> masc. present tense.
vsavvu& /v\.sav.vu~/ <v\.sa.v\.vu~> v.tr.
to cause to live.
vtRmanp{a /v\r.t\.man.p\t.r\/
<v\.rt\.ma.n\.p\.tr\> neut. a
newspaper.
vsavvu& /v\.sav.vu~/ <v\.sa.v\.vu~> v.tr.
to purchase durable things.
vtuRX /v\r.tuÆ/ <v\.rtu.Æ\> neut. a circle.
vsaht /v\.sa.h\t/ <v\.sa.h\.t\> fem. a
settlement.
vqR /v\r.Гџ\/ <v\.rsВ°\> neut. an year.
visyt /v\.si.j\t/ <v\.si.j\.t\> fem.
inheritance.
vqaR¢tu /v\r.ßa.ru.tu/ <vv\.rs°a.r≤u.tu>
fem. the rainly season.
visytnamu& /v\.si.j\t.na.mu~/ <v\.si.j\.t\>
neut. a will.
vl8 /v\.l\ВЇ/ <v\.l\.ВЇ\> neut. mental
inclination.
vsUkvu& /v\.suk.vu~/ <v\.su.k\.vu~> v.intr.
to cease yielding milk.
vlo8u& /v\.lo.ВЇu~/ <v\.lo.ВЇu~> neut. a
churning rod.
vsUlat /v\.su.lat/ <v\.su.la.t\> fem. an
act of recovering money.
vlopat /v\.lo.pat/ <v\.lo.pa.t\> masc.
restlessness and dejection.
vStI /v\s.ti/ <v\.stii> fem. population.
vlopaityu& /v\.lo.pa.ti,ju~/ <v\.lo.pa.ti.ju~>
adj. inclined to be restless and deject.
vsit /v\s.ti/ <v\.s\.ti> fem. population.
vsvso /v\s.v\.so/ <v\.s\.v\.so> masc.
1. remorse, 2. grudge.
vStIg8trI /v\s.ti.g\.ВЇ\t.ri/
<v\.stii.g\.ВЇ\.t\.rii> fem. census.
vStIp{ak /v\s.ti.p\t.r\k/
<v\.stii.p\.tr\.k\> neut. a census
record.
188
vStu /v\s.tu/ <v\.stu> fem. a thing.
vS{a /v\s.tr\/ <v\.str\> neut. a garment.
vha8 /v\.haВЇ/ <v\.ha.ВЇ\> neut. a ship.
vhal /v\.hal/ <v\.ha.l\> neut.
affection.
vhI /v\.hi/ <v\.hii> fem. an accountbook.
vhIv4 /v\.hi.v\Л‡/ <v\.hii.v\.Л‡\> masc.
an administration.
vhIv4I /v\.hi.v\.Л‡i/ <v\.hii.v\.Л‡ii> adj.
administrative.
vheXo /v\.he.Г†o/ <v\.he.Г†o> masc. a
stream.
vhe&c8I /fem./ <v\.he~.c\.ВЇii> fem.
distribution.
vhe&cvu& /v\.hВґ~c.vu~/ <v\.he~.c\.vu~> v.tr. to
distribute.
vhorvu& /v\.hor.vu~/ <v\.ho.r\.vu~> v.tr.
1. to purchase 2. to undertake a risk
thoughtlessly.
vX /v\Г†/ <v\.Г†\> masc. a twist.
vXg8 /v\Г†.g\ВЇ/ <v\.Г†\.g\.ВЇ\> neut. 1.
a relation, 2. a connection.
vhIv&co /v\.hi.v\Вµ.co/ <v\.hii.v\~.co>
masc. a bard keeping the record of
genealogical tree.
vXgvu& /v\.Г†\g.vu~/ <v\.Г†\.g\.vu~> v.intr.
1. to cling, 2. to stick to.
vhu /v\.hu/ <v\.hu> fem. a wife.
vXga6 /v\Г†.gaГЋ/ <v\.Г†\.ga.ГЋ\> masc. 1.
ghost, 2, an evil spirit.
vhem /v\.hem/ <v\.he.m\> masc. 1.
suspicion, 2. doubt.
vhemI /v\.he.mi/ <v\.he,mii> adj.
suspicious.
vhelu& /v\.he.lu~/ <v\.he.lu~> adj. early.
vhevar /v\.he.var/ <v\.he,va.r\> masc.
day to day interaction.
vhevaru& /v\.he.va.ru~/ <v\.he.va.ru~> adj.
honest in day to day interaction.
vXtr /v\Г†.t\r/ <v\.Г†\.t\.r\> neut. 1.
profit, 2. remuneration.
vXvu& /v\Г†.vu~/ <v\.Г†\.vu~> v.intr. 1. to be
twisted, 2. to be bent.
vXvu& /v\Г†.vu~/ <v\.Г†\.vu~> v.intr. to
return.
vXavvu& /v\.Г†av.vu~/ <v\.Г†a.v\.vu~> v.tr. to
see one off.
vXa&k /v\.Г†a~Лњk/ <v\.Г†a~.k\> masc. a turn.
vhevu& /v\.he.vu~/ <v\.he.vu~> v.intr. to
flow.
vXI /v\.Г†i/ <v\.Г†ii> advb. besides.
vheiXyu& /v\.he.Г†i.ju~/ <v\.he.Г†i.ju~> neut. a
small stream.
v&4oX /v\¯.ˇoÆ/ <v\~.ˇo.Æ\> masc.
whirlwind.
189
v&4oXIyo /v\ВЇ.Л‡o.Г†i.jo/ <v\~.Л‡o.Г†ii.jo> masc.
whirlwind.
va38 /va.gЛ™\ВЇ/ <va.gh\.ВЇ\> fem.
tigress.
v&trI /v\n.t\.ri/ <v\~.t\.ri> fem. a female
ghost.
vack /va.c\k/ <va.c\.k\> masc. reader.
v&dn /v\n.d\n/ <v\~.d\.n\> neut. a
respectful bow.
v&dna /v\n.da.na/ <v\~.d\.na> fem. 1. a
bowing, 2. a salutation, 3. a prayer.
vacn /\va.c\n/ <va.c\.n\> neut.
reading.
vacnaly /va.c\.na.l\j/ <va.c\.na.l\.j\>
neut. a library.
vaca /va.ca/ <va.ca> fem. a speech
v&do /v\n.do/ <v\.ndo> masc. a
cockroach.
v&= /v\mГџ/ <v\~.Гџ\> masc. descendents.
v&=pr&pra /v\mГџ.p\.r\m.p\.ra/
<v\~.Гџ\.p\.r\~.p\.ra> fem. a femily-tree.
vaCya9R /vac.jar.tЛ™\/ <va.cja.rth\> adj.
literal meaning.
va26I /vacЛ™.ГЋi/ <va.ch\.ГЋii> fem. a
female calf.
vaj /vaГ”/ <va.Г”\> adj. tired.
va /va/ <va> advb. or.
va /va/ <va> masc. wind.
va /va/ <va> masc. rheumatism.
vaky /vak.j\/ <va.kj\> neut. a sentence.
vajape4I /va.Г”a.pe.Л‡i/ <va.Г”a.pe.Л‡ii> fem.
a harmonium.
vaij&{a /va.Г”in.tr\/ <va.Г”i~.tr\> neut. a
musical organ.
va4 /vaˇ/ <va.ˇ\> fem. a road.
vagvu& /vag.vu~/ <va.g\.vu~> v.exp. 1. to
be injured, 2. to be wounded.
va4 /vaˇ/ <va.ˇ\> fem. a wick.
vagvu& /vag.vu~/ <va.g\.vu~> v.intr. to be
struck.
va4vu& /vaˇ.vu~/ <va.ˇ\.vu~> v.tr. to pound
or crush with a muller.
vagvu& /vag.vu~/ <va.g\.vu~> v.intr. to
strike (of a clock).
va4a3a4 /va.ˇa.g˙aˇ/ <va.ˇa.gha.ˇ\> fem.
negotiations.
vagoXvu& /va.goÆ.vu~/ <va.go.Æ\.vu~> v.intr.
1. to ruminate, 2. to chew and cud.
va6 /vaГЋ/ <va.ГЋ\> fem. 1. a hedge, 2. a
fence, 3. a railing.
va3 /vaЛ™/ <va.gh\> masc. tiger.
va6kI /vaГЋ.ki/ <va.ГЋ\.kii> fem. a cuplike small vessel.
190
va6ab&0I /va.ГЋa.b\n.dЛ™i/ <va.ГЋa.b\~.dhii>
fem. group-ism.
vadiXyu& /va.d\.Г†i.ju~/ <va.d\.Г†i.ju~> adj.
cloudy.
va6I /va.ГЋi/ <va.ГЋii> fem. a farm of
nursing fruit or flower plants.
vadXu& /va.d\Г†/ <va.ГЋ\.Г†u~> neut. a cloud.
van /van/ <va.n\> masc. complexion.
va6o /va.ГЋo/ <va.ГЋo> masc. a backyard.
vangI /van.gi/ <va.n\.gii> fem. an item.
va7 /vaГЋЛ™/ <va.ГЋh\> masc. 1. a cut, 2. a
wound.
va7vu& /vaГЋЛ™.vu~/ <va.ГЋh\.vu~> v.tr. 1. to
cut, 2. to reap.
vai8jy /va.ВЇiГ”.j\/ <va.ВЇi.Г”j\> neut. 1.
trade, 2. commerce.
vai8y8 /va.ВЇi.j\ВЇ/ <va.ВЇi.j\.ВЇ\> fem. 1.
a woman belonging to the Vania caste,
2. a Vani’s wife.
vai8yo /va.ВЇi.jo/ <va.ВЇi.jo> masc. a man
of the Vania caste.
va8I /va.ВЇi/ <va.ВЇii> fem. speech.
vat /vat/ <va.t\> fem. 1. a story, 2. a
narrative.
vanr /va.n\r/ <va.n\.r\> masc. a
monkey.
vam8u& /vam.ВЇu~/ <va.m\.ВЇu~> adj.
inferior.
vamn /va.man/ <va.m\.n\> adj.
dwarfish.
vay6a: /vaj.ГЋai/ <va.j\.ГЋa.ii> fem. over
wisdom.
vay6u& /vaj.ГЋu~/ <va.j\.ГЋu~> adj. causing
gas in the body.
vaydo /vaj.do/ <va.j\.do> masc. 1.
promise, 2. a forward transaction.
vayro /vaj.ro/ <va.j\.ro> masc. wind.
vatcIt /vat.cit/ <va.t\.ci.t\> fem.
conversation.
vatavr8 /va.ta.v\.r\ВЇ/ <va.ta.v\.r\.ВЇ\>
neut. atmosphere.
vaTsLy /vat.s\l.j\/ <va.ts\.lj\> neut.
affection.
vad /vad/ <va.d\> masc. 1. debate, 2.
ism.
vadX /va.d\Г†/ <va.d\.Г†\> neut. a cloud.
vayro /vaj.ro/ <va.j\.ro> masc. a
popular or current trend.
vayVy /va.j\v.j\/ <va.j\.vj\> adj. NorthWest.
vayu /va.ju/ <va.ju~> masc. 1. wind, 2.
air.
vayu /va.ju/ <va.ju> masc. 1. gas, 2.
indigestion.
varvu& /var.vu~/ <va.r\.vu~> v.tr. 1. to
restraint, 2. to prohibit.
191
vars /va.r\s/ <va.r\.s\> masc. an
inheritor.
varsagt /var.sa.g\t/ <va.ra.sa.g\.t\>
adj. hereditary.
vavu& /va.vu~/ <va.vu~> v.tr. to give a birth
to a calf.
vavetr /va.ve.t\r/ <va.ve.t\.r\> neut. 1.
sowing, 2. planting.
vas /vas/ <va.s\> masc. a locality.
varso /var.so/ <va.r\.so> masc. 1.
legacy, 2. heritage, 3. inheritance.
vas /vas/ <va.s\> fem. smell.
var&var /va.r\m.var/ <va.r\~.va.r\> advb.
1. repeatedy, 2. now and again.
vas8 /va.s\ВЇ/ <va.s\.ВЇ\> neut. 1. a
vessel, 2. a utensil.
varafrtI /va.ra.pЛ™\r.ti/ <va.ra.ph\.r\.tii>
advb. one after another.
vas8kUs8 /va.s\ВЇ.ku.s\ВЇ/
<va.s\.ВЇ\.kuu.s\.ВЇ\> neut. pl. kitchen
utensils.
vare36Iye /va.re.gЛ™\.ГЋi.je/
<va.re.gh\.ГЋii.je> advb. frequently.
varo /va.ro/ <va.ro> masc. turn.
vasna /vas.na/ <va.s\.na> fem. 1. desire
for worldly happiness, 2. passion.
vasvuU& /vas.vu~/ <va.s\.vu~> v.tr. to close.
vataR /var.ta/ <va.rta> fem. 1. a stroy, 2.
a narrative.
vasI /va.si/ <va.sii> adj. stale.
vaiqRk /var.Гџik/ <va.rsВ°i.k\> adj. 1.
yearly, 2. annual.
vaStv /vas.t\v/ <va.st\.v\> neut. a
reality.
val /val/ <va.l\> masc. a kind of pluse.
vaStivk /vas.t\.bik/ <va.st\.vi.k\> adj.
real.
valoX /va.loÆ/ <va.lo.Æ\> fem. a green
pod of kind of pulse used as a vegetable.
vav /vav/ <va.v\> fem. a step-well.
vav4o /vav.Л‡o/ <va.v\.Л‡o> masc. a flag.
vav6 /va.v\ГЋ/ <va.v\.ГЋ\> masc. 1.
whereabouts, 2. news.
vav8I /vav.ВЇi/ <va.v\.ВЇii> fem. a
sowing.
vavu& /va.vu~/ <va.vu~> v.intr. to blow.
vaStu /vas.tu/ <va.stu> neut. a ritual
performed before occupying a house.
vaStupUja /vas.tu. pu.Г”a./ <va.stu.puu.Г”a>
fem. a ritual performed before
occupying a house.
vah /vah/ <va.h\> advb. 1. well-done,
2. bravo.
vahn /va.h\n/ <va.h\.n\> neut. a
vehicle.
192
vaihyat /va.hi.jat/ <va.hi.a.t\> adj. 1.
hollow, 2. bogus.
va&cvu& /va~c.vu~/ <va~.c\.vu~> v.tr. 1. to
read, 2. to decipher.
vaX /vaÆ/ <va.Æ\> masc. hair.
va&z8u& /va~Г”Л™.ВЇu~/ <va~.Г”h\.ВЇu~> adj. 1.
barren, 2. childless.
vaXvu& /vaÆ.vu~/ <va.Æ\.vu~> v.tr. 1. to
bend, 2. to roll.
vaXvu& /vaÆ.vu~/ <va.Æ\.vu~> v.tr. 1. to
repay, 2. to return.
va&7o /va~.ГЋЛ™o/ <va~.ГЋho> masc. a
bachelor on compusion.
va&dro /va~d.ro/ <va~.d\.ro> masc. a male
monkey.
vaXvu& /vaÆ.vu~/ <va.Æ\.vu~> v.tr. to sweep.
vaXvu& /vaÆ.vu~/ <va.Æ\.vu~> v.tr. to
change the direction of a vehicle, water
etc.
vaX&d /va.Г†\nd/ <va.Г†\~.d\> masc. a
barber.
va&drI /va~d.ri/ <va~.d\.rii> fem. a female
monkey.
va&dru& /va~d.ru~/ <va~.d\.ru~> neut. a
monkey.
va&0o /va~.dЛ™o/ <va~.dho> masc. 1.
opposition, 2. objection, 3. dispute.
vaXI /va.Г†i/ <va.Г†ii> fem. a nose-ring.
va&s /va~s/ <va~.s\> masc. a bamboo.
vaXo /va.Г†o/ <va.Г†o> masc. a metallic
wire.
va&k /va~k/ <va~.k\> masc. 1. fault, 2.
defect.
va&k6o /va~k.ГЋo/ <va~.k\.ГЋo> masc. dowry
given to the bridegroom by the bride
side.
va&ku& /va~.ku~/ <va~.ku~> adj. 1. crooked, 2.
bent, 3. curved.
va&ku&cUku& /va~.ku~.cu~.ku~/ <va~.ku~.cuu.ku~>
adj. zigzag.
va&3u& /va~.gЛ™u~/ <va~.ghu~> neut. a ravine.
va&cn /va~.c\n/ <va~.c\.n\> neut. a
reading.
va&sl6I /va~.s\l.ГЋi/ <va~.s\.l\.ГЋii> fem. a
flute.
va&sXI /va~s.Г†i/ <va~.s\.Г†ii> fem. a flute.
va&so /va~.so/ <va~.so> masc. the back.
ivk4 /vi.k\Л‡/ <vi.k\.Л‡\> adj. 1. tough, 2.
difficult.
ivkraX /vik.raÆ/ <vi.k\.ra.Æ\> adj.
terrible.
ivkLp /vi.k\l.p\/ <vi.k\.lp\> masc. an
alternative.
ivksvu& /vi.k\s.vu~/ <vi.k\.s\.vu~> v.intr.
1. to grow, 2. to develop, 3. to increase.
ivkist /vik.sit/ <vi.k\.si.t\> adj.
developed.
193
ivkar /vi.kar/ <vi.ka.r\> masc.
deterioration.
ivcrvu& /vi.c\r.vu~/ <vi.c\.r\.vu~> v.intr.
to loiter.
ivkarI /vi.ka.ri/ <vi.ka.rii> adj. apt to
change.
ivcar /vi.car/ <vi.ca.r\> masc. thought.
ivkas /vi.kas/ <vi.ka.s\> masc. 1.
growth, 2. development.
ivk<t /vik.rut/ <vi.kr≤u.t\> adj.
distorted.
ivxep /vik.Гџep/ <vi.kГџe.p\> masc.
obstruction.
ivcark /vi.ca.r\k/ <vi,ca.r\.k\> masc. a
thinker.
ivcar8a /vi.car.ВЇa/ <vi.ca.r\.ВЇa> fem. 1.
thinking, 2. consideration.
ivcarvu& /vi.car.vu~/ <vi.ca.r\.vu~> v.tr. to
think.
ivic{a /vi.cit.r\/ <vi.ci.tr\> adj. strange.
iv`vad /vikЛ™.vad/ <vi.kh\.va.d\> masc.
1. discord, 2. dispute.
iv`U4u& /vi.kЛ™u.Л‡u~/ <vi.khuu.Л‡u~> adj.
separated and lonely.
ivC2ed /vic.cЛ™ed/ <vi.cche.d\> masc. a
cut.
ivjy /vi.Г”\j/ <vi.Г”\.j\> masc. victory.
iv`ervu& /vi.kЛ™er.vu~/ <vi.khe.r\.vu~> v.tr.
to scatter.
ivjatIy /vi.Г”a.ti.j\/ <vi.Г”a.tii.j\> adj. of
different sex, caste, class or race.
iv~yat /vikЛ™.jat/ <vi.khja.t\> adj.
famous.
ivjeta /vi.Г”e.ta/ <vi.Г”e.ta> masc. a victor.
ivgt /vi.g\t/ <vi.g\.t\> fem. 1. past, 2.
gone.
ivjog /vi.Г”og/ <vi.Г”o.g\> masc.
suffering from a separation from the
beloved one.
ivg/h /vi.gr\.h\/ <vi.gr\.h\> masc. a
battle.
iv}aan /vig.nan/ <vi.gna.n\> neut.
science.
iv34n /vi:.gЛ™\.Л‡\n/ <vi.gh\.Л‡\n\> neut.
deconstruction.
iv}aapk /vig.na.p\k/ <vi.gna.p\.k\> adj.
1. declaring, 2. advertising.
iv3atk /vi.gЛ™a.t\k/ <vi.gha.t\.k\> adj.
destructive.
iv4&b8a /vi.Л‡\mb.ВЇa/ <vi.Л‡\~.b\.ВЇa> fem.
1. misery, 2. grief, 3. difficulties.
iv#n /vig.n\/ <vi.ghn\> neut. obstacle.
iv6&bn /vi.ГЋam.b\n/ <vi.ГЋ\~.b\.n\> neut.
mockery.
ivcx8 /vi.c\k.Гџ\ВЇ/ <vi.c\.kГџ\.ВЇ\> adj.
1. intellegent, 2. shrewd.
194
ivtr8 /vit.r\ВЇ/ <v> neut. distribution.
ivta6vu& /vi.taГЋ.vu~/ <vi.ta.ГЋ\.vu~> v.tr. to
harass.
ivday /vi.daj/ <vi.da.j\> fem. a
departure.
ivd\van /vid.van/ <vi.dva.n\> masc. 1. a
learned man, 2. a scholar.
iv0va /vidЛ™.va/ <vi.dh\.va> fem. a
widow.
ividt /vi.dit/ <v> adj. known.
iv0vaivvah /vidЛ™.va.vi.vah/
<vi.dh\.va.vi.va.h\> masc. a widow’s
re-marriage.
ivduqI /vi.du.Гџi/ <vi.du.sВ°ii> fem. a
learned woman.
iv0ata /vi.dЛ™a.ta/ <vi.dha.ta> fem. the
creator of the universe.
ivdUqk /vi.du.Гџ\k/ <vi.duu.sВ°\.k\> masc.
a clown.
iv0a{aI /vi.dЛ™at.ri/ <vi.dha.trii> fem. the
goddess of destiny.
ivde= /vi.deГџ/ <vi.de.Гџ\> masc. a foreign
country.
iv0an /vi.dЛ™an/ <vi.dha.n\> neut. a
statement.
ivde=I /vi.de.Гџi/ <vi.de.Гџii> adj. foreign.
iv0ayk /vi.dЛ™a.j\k/ <vi.dha.j\.k\> adj.
constructive.
ivd\yman /vid.j\.man/ <vi.dj\.ma.n\>
adj. 1. existing, 2. present.
ivi0 /vi.dЛ™i/ <vi.dhi> fem. the god of
destiny.
ivd\ya /vid.ja/ <vi.dja> fem. knowledge.
ivi0 /vi.dЛ™i/ <vi.dhi> fem. ritual.
ivd\yapI5 /vid.ja.piˇ˙/ <vi.dja.pii.ˇh\>
fem. an educational institution.
ivd\ya9IR /vid.jar.tЛ™i/ <vi.dja.rthii> masc.
a male student.
ivd\ya9IRnI /vid.jar.tЛ™i.ni/ <vi.dja.rthii.nii>
fem. a female student.
ivd\yut /vid.jut/ <vi.dju.t\> fem. 1.
lightning, 2. electricity.
iv0ur /iv.dЛ™ur/ <vi.dhu.r\> adj.
widower.
ivny /vi.n\j/ <vi.n\.j\> masc.
humbleness.
ivnv8I /vi.n\v.ВЇi/ <vi.n\.v\.ВЇi> fem. a
request.
ivn&tI /vi.n\n.ti/ <vi.n\~.tii> fem. a
request.
ivВ±oh /vid.roh/ <vi.dro.h\> masc. a
mutiny.
ivna /vi.na/ <vi.na> postp. except.
ivd\vta /vid.v\.ta/ <vi.dv\.ta> fem.
knowledge.
ivna= /vi.naГџ/ <vi.na.Гџ\> masc. 1.
destruction, 2. extinction.
195
ivna=I /vi.na.Гџi/ <vi.na.Гџii> adj.
destructive.
ivinmy /vi.ni.maj/ <vi.ni.m\.j\> masc.
1. exchange, 2. barter.
ivi-Nn /vi.bЛ™in.n\/ <vi.bhi.nn\> adj. 1.
different, 2. separate.
iv-Uit /vi.bЛ™u.ti/ <vi.bhuu.ti> fem. a
superman.
ivml /vi.m\l/ <vi.m\.l\> adj. pure.
ivnod /vi.nod/ <vi.no.d\> masc. joy.
ivpi]a /vi:.p\t.ti/ <vi.p\.tti> fem. 1. a
calamity, 2. misery, 3. trouble.
ivman /vi.man/ <vi.ma.n\> neut. an
aircraft.
ivp9 /vi.p\tЛ™/ <vi.p\.th\> masc. wrong
path.
ivmanm9k /vi.man.m\.tЛ™\k/
<vi.ma.n\.m\.th\.k\> neut. an
airport.
ivprIt /vip.rit/ <vi.p\.rii.t\> adj.
opposite.
ivmu` /vi.mukЛ™/ <vi.mu.kh\> neut.
unfavorable.
ivpul /vi.pul/ <vi.pu.l\> adj. abundant.
ivyavu& /vi.ja.vu~/ <vi.ja.vu~> v.intr. (of
beasts) to give birth.
ivp/ /vip.r\/ <vi.pr\> masc. a Brahmin.
ivPlv /vip.l\v/ <vi.pl\.v\> masc. a
revolt.
iv-kt /vi.bЛ™\k.t\/ <vi.bh\.kt\> adj.
divided.
iv-ikt /vi.bЛ™\k.ti/ <vi.bh\.kti> fem. a
case.
iv-ag /vi.bЛ™ag/ <vi.bha.g\> masc. a
section.
iv-ajk /vi.bЛ™a.Г”\k/ <vi.bha.Г”\.k\> adj.
dividing.
iv-ajn /vi.bЛ™a.Г”\n/ <v> neut. division.
iv-ajy /vi.bЛ™aГ”.j\/ <vi.bha.Г”j\> adj.
divisible.
ivrmvu& /vi.r\m.vu~/ <vi.r\.m\.vu~> v.intr.
to stop.
ivrh /vi.r\h/ <vi.r\.h\> masc.
separation from dear ones.
ivragI /vi.ra.gi/ <vi.ra.gii> adj. a
hermit.
ivra4 /vi.raˇ/ <vi.ra.ˇ\> adj. 1. huge, 2.
magnificent.
ivram /vi.ram/ <vi.ra.m\> masc. 1. rest,
2. pause.
ivro0 /vi.rodЛ™/ <vi.ro.dh\> masc. 1. an
objection, 2. opposition.
ivro0a-as /v.ro.dЛ™a.bЛ™as/
<vi.ro.dha.bha.s\> masc. mere
apparent opposition.
196
ivlx8 /vi.l\k.Гџ\ВЇ/ <vi.l\.kГџ\.ВЇ\> adj.
peculiar.
ivly /vi.l\j/ <vi.l\.j\> masc.
dissolution.
ivlsvu& /vi.l\s.vu~/ <vi.l\.s\.vu~> v.intr. 1.
to shine, 2. to glitter.
ivlap /vi.lap/ <vi.la.p\> masc.
lamentation.
ivlayt /vi.la.j\t/ <vi.la.j\.t\> neut.
England.
ivlaytI /vi.la.j\.ti/ <vi.la.j\.tii> adj. 1.
made in England, 2. foreign.
ivveck /vi.ve.c\k/ <vi.ve.c\.k\> masc. a
critic.
ivvecn /vi.ve.c\n/ <vi.ve.c\.n\> neut.
criticism.
ivvecna /vi.ve.c\.na/ <vi.ve.c\.na> fem.
interpretation.
iv=d /vi.Гџ\d/ <vi.Гџ\.d\> adj. clear
(argument etc.)
iv=aX /vi.ßaÆ/ <vi.ßa.Æ\> adj. large.
ivi=Q4 /vi.ГџiГџ.t\/ <vi.Гџi.sВ°Л‡\> adj. peculiar.
iv=e /vi.Гџe/ <vi.Гџe> postp. about.
ivlavu& /vi.la.vu~/ <vi.la.vu~> v.intr. to
wither.
iv=eq /vi.ГџeГџ/ <vi.Гџe.sВ°\> adj. additional.
ivlas /vi.las/ <vi.la.s\> masc.
merriment.
iv=eqtЕ /vi.ГџeГџ.t\h/ <vi.Гџe.sВ°\.t\:> advb.
especially.
ivvr8 /viv.r\ВЇ/ <vi.v\.r\.ВЇ\> neut. 1.
criticism, 2. commentary.
iv=eqta /vi.ГџeГџ.ta/ <vi.Гџe.sВ°\.ta> fem.
difference.
ivvad /vi.vad/ <vi.va.d\> masc. a
controversy.
iv[aam /vis.ram/ <vi.Гџra.m\> masc. rest.
ivvadaSpd /vi.va.da.sp\d/
<vi.va.da.sp\.d\> adj. controversial.
ivВїleq8 /viГџ.le.Гџ\ВЇ/ <vi.Гџle.Гџ\.ВЇ\> neut.
analysis.
ivВј /viГџ.v\/ <vi.Гџv\> neut. the universe.
ivvah /vi.vah/ <vi.va.h\> masc. 1.
betrothal, 2. marriage.
iviv0 /vi.vidЛ™/ <vi.vi.dh\> adj. various.
iviv0ta /vi.vidЛ™.ta/ <vi.vi.dh\.ta> fem.
variety.
ivvek /vi.vek/ <vi.ve.k\> masc.
politeness.
ivВјas /ivГџ.vas/ <vi.Гџva.s\> masc. 1.
trust, 2. confidence.
ivВјas3at /viГџ.vas.gЛ™at/
<vi.Гџva.s\.gha.t\> masc. betrayal.
ivВјas3atI /viГџ.vas.gЛ™a.ti/
<vi.Гџva.s\.gha.tii> adj. a betrayer
person.
197
ivq /viГџ/ <vi.sВ°\> neut. poison.
ivq0r /viГџ.dЛ™\r/ <vi.sВ°\.dh\.r\> masc. a
serpent.
ivSmy /vis.m\j/ <vi.sm\.j\> neut. 1. a
wonder, 2. a surprise, 3. an
astonishment.
ivqm /vi.Гџ\m/ <vi.sВ°\.m\> adj. unequal.
ivSmr8 /vis.m\.r\ВЇ/ <vi.sm\.r\.ВЇ\>
neut. forgetting.
ivqy /vi.Гџ\j/ <vi.sВ°\.j\> masc. 1. a
perceivable object, 2. subject
ivhrvu& /vi.h\r.vu~/ <vi.h\.r\.vu~> v.intr.
1. to stroll, 2. to walk for a pleasure.
ivqyaNtr /vi.Гџa.jan.t\r/ <vi.sВ°\.ja.nt\.r\>
neut. digression.
ivhar /vi.har/ <vi.ha.r\> masc. 1. a
stroll, 2. a leisurely walk.
ivqad /vi.Гџad/ <vi.sВ°a.d\> masc. 1.
dejection, 2. grief.
ivhIn /vi.hin/ <vi.hii.n\> adj. devoid
of.
ivqe /vi.Гџe/ <vi.sВ°e> postp. about.
ivh\vX /vih.v\Г†/ <vi.h.v\.Г†\> adj.
puzzled and upset.
ivsgR /vi.s\r.g\/ <vi.s\.rg\> masc. the
sign (:).
vI`rvu& /vi.kЛ™\r.vu~/ <vii.kh\.r\.vu~>
v.intr. to dispersed.
ivsjRn /vi.s\r.Г”\n/ <vi.s\.rГ”\.n\> neut.
dissolution.
vIgt /vi.g\t/ <vii.g\.t\> fem. details.
ivsamo /vi.sa.mo/ <vi.sa.mo> masc. a
halt for resting.
vI2Xvu& /vi.cЛ™\Г†.vu~/ <vii.ch\.Г†\.vu~> v.tr.
to cleanse (utensils etc.)
ivStrvu& /vis.t\r.vu~/ <vi.st\.r\.vu~> v.intr.
to spread out.
vIjXI /viГ”.Г†i/ <vii.Г”\.Г†ii> fem. 1.
lightening, 2. electricity.
ivStar /vis.tar/ <vi.sta.r\> masc. 1. an
area, 2. extension.
vI8vu& /viВЇ.vu~/ <vii.ВЇ\.vu~> v.tr. 1. to
pick, 2. to pluck.
ivStarpUvRk /vis.tar.pur.v\k/
<vi.sta.r\.puu.rv\.k\> adj. 1. at
length, 2. in detail.
vI8a /vi.ВЇa/ <vii.ВЇa> fem. a lute.
ivStarvu& /vis.tar.vu~/ <vi.sta.r\.vu~> v.tr.
1. to extend, .2 to expand.
ivSfo4 /vis.p˙oˇ/ <vi.spho.ˇ\> masc.
explosive.
vInvvu& /vi.n\v.vu~/ <vii.n\.v\.vu~> v.tr.
1. to entreat, 2. to request.
vIfrvu& /vi.pЛ™\r.vu~/ <vii.ph\.r\.vu~>
v.intr. to become uncontrolled because
of anger.
vImo /vi.mo/ <vii.mo> masc. insurance.
198
vIr /vir/ <vii.r\> adj. brave.
ve5vu& /veˇ˙.vu~/ <ve.ˇh\.vu~> v.tr. to
suffer.
vIrta /vir.ta/ <vii.r\.ta> fem. bravery.
vIyR /vir.j\/ <vii.rj\> neut. semen.
vI=I /vi.Гџi/ <vii.Гџii> fem. an inn.
vI&2I /vi~.cЛ™i/ <vii~.chii> masc. a scorpian
(male).
vI&28 /vi~.cЛ™\ВЇ/ <vii~.ch\.ВЇ\> fem. a
scorpian (female).
vI&j8o /vi~Г”.ВЇo/ <vii.Г”\.ВЇo> masc. a fan.
vI&4vu& /vi~Л‡,vu~/ <v> v.tr. to wrap.vI&4I /vi~.Л‡i/
<vii~.Л‡ii> fem. an ornamental ring.
vI&4o /vi~.Л‡o/ <vii~.Л‡o> masc. a roll.
ve6fvu& /ve.ГЋ\pЛ™.vu~/ <ve.ГЋ\.ph\.vu~> v.tr.
to waste.
ve6vu& /veГЋ.vu~/ <ve.ГЋ\.vu~> v.tr. to pluck
fruits.
ve7o /ve.ГЋЛ™o/ <ve.ГЋho> masc. one of the
cuts on a finger-joint.
ve8I /ve.ВЇi/ <ve.ВЇii> fem. a braid of
hair.
vetn /ve.t\n/ <ve.t\.n\> neut. salary.
vetrvu& /ve.t\r.vu~/ <ve.t\.r\.vu~> v.tr. to
cut cloth for tailoring.
vetaX /ve.taÆ/ <ve.ta.Æ\> masc. a ghost.
vI&0vu& /vi~dЛ™.vu~/ <vii~.dh\.vu~> v.tr. 1. to
bore, 2. to pierce, 3. to prick.
vedna /ved.na/ <ve.d\.na> fem. pain.
v<x /vruk.Гџ\/ <vrВ°u.kГџ\> neut. a tree.
ve0k /ve.dЛ™\k/ <ve.dh\.k\> adj. 1.
piercing, 2. sharp.
v<)0 /vrud.dЛ™\/ <vrВ°u.dhdh\> adj. old.
v<i)0 /vrudЛ™.dЛ™i/ <vrВ°u.dhdhi> fem.
growth.
v<q8 /vru.Гџ\ВЇ/ <vrВ°u.sВ°\.ВЇ\> neut. a
testicle.
ve0vu& /vedЛ™.vu~/ <vve.dh\.vu~> v.tr. 1. to
bore, 2. to pierce.
ve0=aXa /vedЛ™.Гџa.Г†a/ <ve.dh\.Гџa.Г†a> fem.
an observatory.
veg /veg/ <ve.g\> masc. speed.
vepar /ve.par/ <ve.pa.r\> masc. 1. trade,
2. commerce, 3. business.
vegXu& /veg.Г†u~/ <ve.g\.Г†u~> adj. at a
distance.
veparI /ve.pa.ri/ <ve.pa.rii> masc. 1.
trader, 2. a businessman, 3. a shopkeeper.
vecvu& /vec.vu~/ <ve.c\.vu~> v.tr. to sell.
ver /vВґr/ <ve.r\> neut. hostality.
veca8 /ve.caВЇ/ <ve.ca.ВЇ\> neut. sale.
199
ver82er8 /ve.r\ВЇ.cЛ™e.r\ВЇ/
<ve.r\.ВЇ\.che.r\.ВЇ\> advb. scattered.
vE0Vy /v\i.dЛ™\v.j\/ <v\i.dh\.vj\> neut.
widowhood.
vervu& /ver.vu~/ <ve.r\.vu~> v.tr. to scatter.
vE=a` /v\i.ГџakЛ™/ <v\i.Гџa.kh\> masc. the
seventh month of the Vikram year.
veragI /ve.ra.gi/ <ve.ra.gii> masc. an
ascetic.
veran /ve.ran/ <ve.ra.n\> adj. 1.
desolate, 2. uninhabitated.
vEQ8v /v\iß.¯\v/ <v\i.s°¯\.v\> masc. a
sect of Hinuism so named.
Vyikt /vj\k.ti/ <vj\.kti> fem. 1. an
individual, 2. a person.
vero /ve.ro/ <ve.ro> masc. 1. a tax, 2. a
toll.
Vyg/ /vjg.r\/ <vj\.gr\> adj. puzzled.
vel8 /ve.l\ВЇ/ <ve.l\.ВЇ\> neut. a rollingpin.
Vyg/ta /vj\.gr\.ta/ <vj\.gra.ta> fem.
uneasiness.
velo /ve.lo/ <ve.lo> masc. a creeper.
Vy9a /vj\.tЛ™a/ <vj\.tha> fem. pain.
vevla: /vev.lai/ <ve.v\.la.ii> fem. overwisdom.
Vyi-car /vj\.bЛ™i.car/ <vj\.bhi.ca.r\>
masc. immoral sexual relation.
veva: /ve.vai/ <ve.va.ii> masc. the
father-in-law of one’s son or daughter.
Vyi-carI /vj\.bЛ™i.ca.ri/ <vj\.bhi.ca.rii>
adj. an immoral man.
veiv=aX /ve.vi.ßaÆ/ <ve.vi.ßa.Æ\> neut.
betrothal.
Vyi-carI8I /vj\.bЛ™i.ca.ri.ВЇi/
<vj\.bhi.ca.rii.ВЇii> adj. an immoral
woman.
ve= /veГџ/ <ve.Гџ\> masc. 1. dress, 2.
costume.
Vy9R /vj\r.tЛ™\/ <vj\.rth\> adj. useless.
ve+ya /veГџ.ja/ <ve.Гџja> fem. prostitute.
vEkiLpk /v\i.k\l.pik/ <v\i.k\.lpi.k\> adj.
optional.
vE}aaink /v\ig.na.nik/ <v\i.gna.ni.k\>
masc. a scientist.
vE}aaink /v\ig.na.nik/ <v\i.gna.ni.k\>
adj. scientific.
vEd /v\id/ <v\i.d\> masc. a doctor.
Vyvsay /vj\v.saj/ <vj\.v\.sa.j\> masc.
activity.
VyvS9a /vj\.v\s.tЛ™a/ <vj\.v\.stha> fem.
1. a proper arrengement, 2, a proper
management.
Vyvhar /vj\v.har/ <vj\.v\.ha.r\> masc.
a social interaction.
200
Vyvharku=X /vj\v.har.ku.Гџ\Г†/
<v\.v\.ha.r\.ku.Гџ\.Г†\> adj. 1.
practical, 2. good at social interaction.
Vyvharu /vj\v.ha.ru/ <vj\.v\.ha.ru> adj.
feasible.
Vysn /vj\.s\n/ <vj\.s\.n\> neut. a bad
habit.
VySt /vj\s.t\/ <vj\.st\> adj. dispersed.
Vy&g /vj\Лњ.g\/ <vj\~.g\> masc. satirical.
Vy&jn /vj\Вµ.Г”\n/ <vj\~.Г”\.n\> masc. a
consonant.
Vyakr8 /vjak.r\ВЇ/ <vja.k\.r\.ВЇ\> neut.
grammar.
Vya~ya /vja.kЛ™ja/ <vja.khja> fem.
definition.
Vya~yata /vjakЛ™.ja.ta/<vja.khja.ta> masc.
a lecturer.
Vya~yan /vjakЛ™.jan/ <vja.khja.n\> neut. a
lecture.
Vyayam /vja.jam/ <vja.ja.m\> masc.
exercise.
VyuTpi]a /vjut.p\t.ti/ <vju.tp\.tti> fem.
etymology.
v/t /vr\t/ <vr\.t\> neut. a moral or
religous vow.
=
=k /Гџ\k/ <Гџ\.k\> masc. 1. doubt, 2.
suspicion.
=kdar /Гџ\k.dar/ <Гџ\.k\.da.r\> adj.
suspected (person).
=km&d /Гџ\k.m\nd/ <Гџ\.k\.m\~.d\> adj.
suspicious.
=kro /Гџ\k.ro/ <Гџ\.k\.ro> masc. 1. a
hawk, 2. a falcon.
=kvu& /Гџ\k.vu~/ <Гџ\.k\.ro> v.intr. 1. to be
able, 2. to be possible.
=kkiryu& /\Гџ\k.k\.ri.ju~/ <Гџ\.kk\.ri.ju~>
neut. a sweet potato.
Vyaj /vjaГ”/ <vja.Г”\> neut. interest (on
money).
=kkl /Гџ\k.k\l/ <Гџ\.kk\.l\> fem. face.
Vyai0 /vja.dЛ™i/ <vja.dhi> masc. 1. a
disease, 2. a sickness.
=ikt /Гџ\k.ti/ <Гџ\.kti> fem. 1. strength, 2.
force.
Vyap /vjap/ <vja.p\> masc. spreed.
=iktpUjk /Гџ\k.ti.pu.Г”\k/
<Гџ\.kti.puu.Г”\.k\> adj and masc. a
worshipper of the goddess.
Vyapk /vja.p\k/ <vja.p\.k\> adj.
widespread.
Vyapar /vja.par/ <vja.pa.r\> masc.
business.
=iktpUja /Гџ\k.ti.pu.Г”a/ <Гџ\.kti/puu.Г”a>
fem. worship of the goddess.
=ky /Гџ\k.j\/ <Гџ\.kj\> adj. possible.
201
=rdI /Гџ\r.di/ <Гџ\.r\.dii> fem. cold.
=kyta /Гџ\k.j\.ta/ <Гџ\.kj.ta> fem.
possibility.
=8 /Гџ\ВЇ/ <Гџ\.ВЇ\> neut. a plat of jute.
=8gar /Гџ\ВЇ.gar/ <Гџ\.ВЇ\.ga.r\> masc.
beauty-aids.
=taBdI /Гџ\.tab.di/ <Гџ\.ta.bdii> fem. 1. a
century, 2. a centenary.
=rbt /Гџ\r.b\t/ <Гџ\.r\.b\.t\> neut. cold
drink.
=rm /Гџ\.r\m/ <Гџ\.r\.m\> fem. 1.
modesty, .2 shame.
=rmavu& /Гџ\r.ma.vu~/ <Гџ\.r\.ma.vu~> v.intr.
1. to blush, 2. to crestfallen.
=rmaX /ß\r.maÆ/ <ß\.r\.ma.Æ\> adj. shy.
={au /Гџ\t.ru/ <Гџ\.tru> masc. an enemy.
=p9 /Гџ\.p\tЛ™/ <Гџ\.p\.th\> masc. 1. oath,
2. vow.
=b /Гџ\b/ <Гџ\.b\> neut. a corpse.
=Bd /Гџ\b.d\/ <Гџ\.bd\> masc. a word.
=Bdkoq /Гџ\b.da.koГџ/ <Гџ\.bd\.ko.sВ°\>
masc. a dictionary.
=mvu& /Гџ\m.vu~/ <Гџ\.m\.vu~> v.intr. to be
pacified.
=ytan /Гџ\j.tan/ <Гџ\.j\.ta.n\> masc.
Satan.
=raf /Гџ\.rapЛ™/ <Гџ\.ra.ph\> masc. a
banker.
=rafI /Гџ\.ra.pЛ™i/ <Гџ\.ra.phii> adj.
related to banking.
=rab /Гџ\.rab/ <Гџ\.ra.b\> masc. 1. wine,
2. liquor.
=rabI /Гџ\.ra.bi/ <Гџ\.ra.bii> adj. and
masc. a drunkard.
=rIf /Гџ\.ripЛ™/ <Гџ\.ri.ph\> adj.
respectable.
=rIr /Гџ\.rir/ <Гџ\.rii.r\> neut. the body.
=r8 /Гџ\.r\ВЇ/ <Гџ\.r\.ВЇ\> neut. shelter.
=r8agit /Гџ\r.ВЇa.g\.ti/ <Гџ\.r\.ВЇa.g\.ti>
fem. 1. submission, 2. surrender.
=rIrrcna /Гџ\.rir.r\c.na/
<Гџ\.rii.r\.r\.c\.na> fem. anatomy.
=r8a9IR /Гџ\r.ВЇar.tЛ™i/ <Гџ\.r\.ВЇa.rthii> adj.
and masc. a refugee.
=rIrs&b&0 /Гџ\.rir.s\m.ban.dЛ™\/
<Гџ\.rii.r\.s\~.b\~.dh\> masc. sexual
relation.
=r8a: /Гџ\r.ВЇai/ <Гџ\.r\.ВЇa.ii> fem. a
musical instrument.
=ВЈAat /Гџ\.ru.at/ <Гџ\.ruu.a.t\> fem. a
beginning.
=rt /Гџ\.r\t/ <Гџ\.r\.t\> fem. 1. a bet, 2. a
condition.
=S{a /Гџ\Гџ.tr\/ <Гџ\.str\> neut. a weapon.
202
=S{aik/ya /Гџ\Гџ.tr\.kri.ja/ <Гџ\.str\.kri.ja>
fem. 1. surgery, 2. surgical operation.
=ayr /Гџa.j\r/ <Гџa.j\.r\> masc. a poet.
=hId /Гџ\.hid/ <Гџ\.hii.d\> adj. and masc.
martyr.
=arvu& /Гџar.vu~/ <Гџa.r\.vu~> v.tr. to make a
hole.
=hIdI /Гџ\.hi.di/ <Гџ\.hii.dii> fem.
martyrdom.
=arIirk /Гџa.ri.rik/ <Гџa.rii.ri.k\> adj.
bodily.
=hen=ah /Гџ\.hen.Гџah/ <Гџ\.he.n\.Гџa.h\>
masc. an emperor.
=al /Гџal/ <Гџa.l\> fem. a shawl.
=ask /Гџa.Гџ\k/ <Гџa.s\.k\> masc. a ruler.
=her /Гџ\.her/ <Гџ\.he.r\> neut. a city.
=&ka /Гџ\Лњ.ka/ <Гџ\~.ka> fem. 1. suspicion,
2. doubt.
=asn /Гџa.s\n/ <Гџa.s\.n\> neut.
governance.
=aS{a /Гџas.tr\/ <Гџa.Гџtr\> neut. a scripture.
=&ka=Il /Гџ\Лњ.ka.Гџil/ <Гџ\~.ka.Гџi.l\> adj. 1.
doubting, 2. suspicious.
=&kaSpd /Гџ\Лњ.ka.sp\d/ <Гџ\~.ka.sp\.d\>
adj. 1. doubtful, 2. uncertain.
=aS{aa9R /Гџas.tra.rtЛ™\/ <Гџa.stra.rth\> masc.
interpretation of scriptures.
=&` /Гџ\ЛњkЛ™/ <Гџ\~.kh\> masc. a conch.
=ahm<g /ßah.mrug/ <ßa.h\.mr≤u.g\> neut.
an ostrich.
=ak /Гџak/ <Гџa.k\> neut. edible
vegetable.
=ahukar /Гџa.hu.kar/ <Гџa.hu.ka.r\> masc.
an honest person.
=akaharI /Гџa.ka.ha.ri/ <Гџa.ka.ha.rii> adj.
vegetarian.
=ahu6I /Гџa.hu.ГЋi/ <Гџa.hu.ГЋii> fem. a
porcupine.
=a` /ГџakЛ™/ <Гџa.kh\> fem. 1. credit, 2.
reputation.
=aXa /Гџa.la/ <Гџa.Г†a> fem. a school.
=a`a /Гџa.kЛ™a/ <Гџa.kha> fem. a branch.
=a&t /Гџa~nt/ <Гџa~.t\> adj. .1quite, 2.
peaceful.
=a8u& /Гџa.ВЇu~/ <Гџha.ВЇu~> adj. wise.
i=kar /Гџi.kar/ <Гџi.ka.r\> masc. hunting.
=ap /Гџap/ <Гџa.p\> masc. a curse.
i=karI /Гџi.ka.ri/ <Гџi.ka.rii> masc. a
hunter.
=aba= /Гџa.baГџ/ <Гџa.ba.Гџ\> excl. 1. bravo,
2. well-done.
=aiBdk /Гџab.dik/ <Гџa.bdi.k\> adj. verbal.
i=xk /Гџik.Гџ\k/ <Гџi.kГџ\.k\> masc. a male
teacher.
203
i=x8 /Гџik.Гџ\ВЇ/ <Гџi.kГџ\.ВЇ\> neut. 1.
education, 2. teaching.
i=xa /Гџik.Гџa/ <Гџi.kГџa> fem. 1. teaching, 2.
education, 3. punishment.
i=ixka /Гџik.Гџi.ka/ <Гџi.kГџi.ka> fem. a
female teacher.
i=Lp /Гџil.p\/ <Гџi.lp\> neut. a sculpture.
i=Lp=aS{a /Гџil.p\.Гџas.tr\/ <Гџi.lp\.Гџa.str\>
neut. architecture.
i=Lp=aS{aI /Гџil.p\.Гџas.tri/ <Гџi.lp\.Гџa.strii>
masc. an architect.
i=LpI /Гџil.pi/ <Гџi.lpii> masc. a sculptor.
i=ixt /Гџk.Гџit/ <Гџi.kГџi.t\> adj. educated.
i=`r /Гџi.kЛ™\r/ <Гџi.kh\.r\> neut. a peak.
i=vra{aI /Гџiv.rat.ri/ <Гџi.v\.ra.trii> fem.
the night of Lord Shiva’s festival.
i=`&6 /Гџi.kЛ™\ВЇГЋ/ <Гџi.kh\.r\> masc. a
kind of sweet.
i=i=r /Гџi.Гџir/ <Гџi.Гџi.r\> fem. the later half
of winter.
i=`a /Гџi.kЛ™a/ <Гџi.kha> fem. 1. a tuft, 2. a
pigtail, 3. a crest, 3. a flame of a lamp.
i==u /Гџi.Гџu/ <Гџi.Гџu> neut. 1. a child, 2. an
infant.
i=`aw /Гџi.kЛ™a.u/ <Гџi.kha.r\> adj.
learning.
i=Вїn /ГџiГџ.n\/<Гџi.Гџn\> masc. the penis.
i=`am8 /Гџi.kЛ™a.m\ВЇ/ <Гџi.kha.m\.ВЇ\>
fem. instruction.
i=Q4acar /ГџiГџ.ta.car/ <Гџi.sВ°Л‡a.ca.r\> masc.
politeness.
i=i9l /Гџi.tЛ™il/ <Гџi.thi.l\> adj. loose.
i=Qy /ГџiГџ.j\/ <Гџi.sВ°j\> masc. 1. a male
student, 2. a male disciple.
i=ibr /Гџi.bir/ <Гџi.bi.r\> masc. 1. a tent,
2. a camp.
i=Qya /ГџiГџ.ja/ <Гџi.sВ°ja> fem. 1. a female
student, 2. a female disciple.
i=yaX /ßi.jaÆ/ <ßi.ja.Æ\> neut. a fox.
i=St /Гџis.t\/ <Гџi.st\> fem. discipline.
i=yaXu& /Гџi.ja.Г†u~/ <Гџi.ja.Г†u~> adj. grown or
produced in winter.
i=&g /ГџiЛњg/ <Гџi~.g\> fem. a pod.
i=yaXo /Гџi.ja.Г†o/ <Гџi.ja.Г†o> masc. winter.
i=&g6u& /ГџiЛњg.ГЋu~/ <Гџi~.g\.ГЋu~> neut. a horn.
=I` /ГџikЛ™/ <Гџii.kh\> fem. advice.
i=r /Гџir/ <Гџi.r\> neut. the head.
i=ra /Гџi.ra/ <Гџi.ra> fem. a bllod-vessel.
i=la /Гџi.la/ <Гџi.la> fem. a slab of stone.
=I` /ГџikЛ™/ <Гџii.kh\> masc. a community
so named.
=I`vu& /ГџikЛ™.vu~/ <Гџii.kh\.vu~> v.tr. to
learn.
204
=ItXa /Гџit.Г†a/ <Гџii.t\.Г†a> fem. smallpox.
(honorific)
=Iro /Гџi.ro/ masc. <Гџii.ro> a kind of
sweet.
=<&gar /ßru˜.gar/ <ßr≤u~.ga.r\> masc. 1.
decoration, 2. ornamentation.
=ekvu& /Гџek.vu~/ <Гџe.k\.vu~> v.tr. 1. to
bake, 2. to roast.
=e5 /ßeˇ˙/ <ße.ˇh\> masc. a master.
=I=I /Гџi.Гџi/ fem. <Гџii.Гџii> a small bottle.
=I=o /Гџi.Гџo/ masc. <Гџii.Гџo> a big bottle.
=e5a8I /Гџe.Л‡Л™a.ВЇi/ <Гџe.Л‡ha.ВЇii> fem. a
mistress.
=IXva /ßiÆ.va/ <ßii.Æ\.va> masc. pl. a kind
of skin disease.
=etr&@ /Гџet.r\n.Г”i/ <Гџe.t\.r\~.Г”ii> fem. a
carpet.
=ukn /Гџu.k\n/ <Гџu.k\.n\> masc. hon. an
omen.
=er6I /Гџer.ГЋi/ <Гџe.r\.ГЋii> fem. sugarcane.
=uk/var /Гџuk.r\.var/ <Гџu.kr\.va.r\> masc.
Friday.
=erI /Гџe.ri/ <Гџe.rii> fem. 1. a lane, 2. a
street.
=u)0 /ГџudЛ™.dЛ™\/ <Гџu.dhdh\> adj. 1.
clean, 2. pure.
=ero /Гџe.ro/ <Гџe.ro> masc. a remark.
=ui)0 /ГџudЛ™.dЛ™i/ <Гџu.dhdhi> fem.
purification.
=u- /ГџubЛ™/ <Гџu.bh\> adj. auspicious.
=u-eC2k /Гџu.bЛ™ec.cЛ™\k/ <Гџu.bhe.cch\.k\>
adj. a well-wisher.
=u-eC2a /Гџu.bЛ™ec.cЛ™a/ <Гџu.bhe.ccha> fem.
a well-wishing.
=UNy /Гџun.j\/ <Гџuu.nj\> neut. 1. zero, 2.
nothingness.
=UrvIr /Гџur.vir/ <Гџuu.r\.vii.r\> masc. a
brave person.
=UX /ßuÆ/ <ßuu.Æ\> fem. dry thorn.
=eq /ГџeГџ/ <Гџe.sВ°\> adj. residual.
=Eil /Гџ\i.li/ <Гџ\i.li> fem. style.
=E=v /Гџ\i.Гџ\v/ <Гџ\i.Гџ\.v\> neut.
childhood.
=ok /Гџok/ <Гџo.k\> masc. melancholy.
=o` /ГџokЛ™/ <Гџo.kh\> masc. a hobby.
=o0 /ГџЛ™odЛ™/ <Гџo.dh\> fem. . search, 2.
inquiry.
=o-vu& /ГџobЛ™.vu~/ <Гџho.bh\.vu~> v.intr. to
look beautiful.
=o-a /Гџo.bЛ™a/ <Гџo.bha> fem. 1. beauty,
2. charm.
+yam /Гџjam/ <Гџja.m\> adj. black.
205
+yam /Гџjam/ <Гџja.m\> masc. The Lord
Krishna.
[a)0a /Гџr\d.dЛ™a/ <Гџr\.dhdha> fem. 1.
trust, 2. faith, .3 belief.
[a)0aXu& /Гџr\d.dЛ™a.Г†u~/ <Гџr\.dhdha.Г†u~> adj.
devotional.
q6\d=Rn /Гџ\ГЋ.d\r.Гџ\n/ <sВ°\. [.d\.rГџ\.n\>
neut. pl. the six different systems of
Vedic philosophy.
qiQ4 /Гџ\Гџ.Л‡i/ <sВ°\.sВ°Л‡i> adj. sixty.
s
[av8 /Гџr\.v\ВЇ/ <Гџr\.v\.ВЇ\> neut. an act
of hearing.
s: /s\i/ <s\.ii> masc. a tailor
[aav8 /Гџra.v\ВЇ/ <Гџra.v\.ВЇ\> masc. the
tenth month of a Vikram year.
skmRk /s\.k\r.m\k/ <s\.k\.rm\.k\> adj.
a transitive verb.
[aI /Гџri/ <Гџrii> masc. an auspicious word
used in the beginning of a writing.
skX /s\.k\Г†/ <s\.k\.Г†\> adj. fortunate.
[aeiQ5 /ГџreГџ.Л‡Л™i/ <Гџre.sВ°Л‡hi> masc. a great
merchant.
[aota /Гџro.ta/ <Гџro.ta> adj. 1. a hearer, 2.
a listener.
Вїlok /Гџlo.ka/ <Гџlo.k\> masc. a stanza.
Вїvan /Гџva.na/ <Гџva.n\> masc. a dog.
sk&jo /s\.k\Вµ.Г”o/ <s\.k\~.Г”o> masc. 1. a
gripping machine, 2. a grip.
sik/y/s\k.ri.j\/ <s\.kri.j\> adj. active.
s`8u& /s\kЛ™.ВЇu~/ <s\.kh\.ВЇu~> adj. 1.
quiet, 2. tranquil.
s`X6`X /s\.kЛ™\Г†.ГЋ\.kЛ™\Г†/
<s\.kh\.Г†\.ГЋ\.kh\.Г†\> adj. loose.
Вїvas /Гџva.s\/ <Гџva.s\> masc. breathing.
Вїvet /Гџve.ta/ <Гџve.t\> adj. white.
q
s`avt /s\.kЛ™a.v\t/ <s\.kha.v\.t\> fem.
donation.
s`I /s\.kЛ™i/ <s\.khi> fem. a female
friend.
s`ed /s\.kЛ™ed/ <s\.khe.d\> advb. sadly.
q4\kmR /Гџ\Л‡.k\r.m\/ <sВ°\.Л‡.k\.rm\> masc.
pl. the six duties of Brahmins.
s~t /s\kЛ™.t\/ <s\.kht\> adj. hard.
q4\ko8 /Гџ\Л‡.koВЇ/ <sВ°\.t.ko.ВЇ\> masc.
hexagonal.
s~ta: /s\kЛ™.ta.i/ <s\.khta.ii> fem.
hardness.
q4\pd /Гџ\Л‡.p\d/ <sВ°\.t.p\.d\> adj. six
footed.
206
sg6 /s\.g\ГЋ/ <s\.g\.ГЋ\> masc. 1. footprints etc. 2. traces.
sjvu& /s\Г”.vu~/ <s\.Г”\.vu~> v.tr. to put on
clothes, ornaments.
sgp8 /s\g.p\ВЇ/ <s\.g\.ГЋ\> neut.
relation.
sja /s\.Г”a/ <s\.Г”a> fem. punishment.
sg-aR /s\.g\r.bЛ™a/ <s\.g\.rbha> fem.
pregnant.
sgv6 /s\g.v\ГЋ/ <s\.g\.v\.ГЋ\> fem. 1.
provision, 2. comfort.
sjatIy /s\.Г”a.ti.j\/ <s\.Г”a.tii.j\> adj. of
the same sex.
sjav4 /s\.Г”a.v\Л‡/ <s\.Г”a.v\.Л‡\> fem.
decoration.
[email protected] /s\.Г”iv/ <s\.Г”ii.v\> adj. animate.
sgIr /s\.gir/ <s\.gii.r\> adj. minor
(age)
sgu8 /s\.guВЇ/ adj. <s\.gu.ВЇ\> 1.
attributes, 2. qualities.
[email protected] /s\.Г”i.v\n/ <s\.Г”ii.v\.n\> adj.
living.
sjj /s\Ô.Ô\/ <s\.ÔÔ\> adj. equipped.
sgu&vhalu& /s\.gu~.v\.ha.lu~/
<s\.gu~.v\.ha.lu~> neut. relative.
sjjn /s\Ô.Ô\n/ <s\.ÔÔ\.n\> masc. a
gentleman.
sgu&s&b&0I /s\.gu.s\m.b\n.dЛ™i/
<s\.gu~.s\~.b\~.dhii> neut. relatives etc.
s4Ik /s\.Л‡ik/ <s\.Л‡ii.k\> adj. with
commentary.
sgo{a /s\.got.r\/ <s\.go.tr\> adj.
having a common ancestor.
s4oi6yo /s\.Л‡o.ГЋi.jo/ <s\.Л‡o.ГЋi.jo> masc.
a speculator.
s3n /s\.gЛ™\n/ <s\.gh\.n\> adj. 1.
dense, 2. solid.
s4os4 /s\.Л‡o.s\Л‡/ <s\.Л‡o.s\.Л‡\> advb.
repeatedly.
s3Xu& /s\gЛ™.Г†u~/ <s\.gh\.Г†u~> adj. entire.
s4\4o /s\Л‡.Л‡o/ <s\.Л‡Л‡o> masc. a risky
transaction in forward market.
sic{a /s\.cit.r\/ <s\.ci.tr\> adj.
illustrated.
sco4 /s\.coˇ/ <s\.co.ˇ\> adj. unfailing.
sCca: /s\c.cai/ <s\.cca.ii> fem. honesty.
sjnI /s\Г”.ni/ <s\.Г”\.nii> fem. a female
friend.
s6k /s\.ГЋ\k/ <s\.ГЋ\.k\> adj.
wonderstruck.
s6k /s\.ГЋ\k/ <s\.ГЋ\.k\> fem. a wellbuilt road.
s6vu& /s\ГЋ.vu~/ <s\.ГЋ\.vu~> v.intr. to rot.
s6s5 /s\ГЋ.s\Л‡Л™/ <s\.ГЋ\.s\.Л‡h\> adj.
sixty seven.
207
s6s6a4 /s\Î.s\.Îaˇ/ <s\.Î\.s\.Îa.ˇ\>
advb. non-stop.
s]aavIs /s\t.ta.vis/ <s\.tta.vi.s\> adj.
twenty seven.
s]v /s\t.v\/ <s\.tv\> neut. essence.
s6o /s\.ГЋo/ <s\.ГЋo> masc. 1. rot, .2
moral degeneration.
s7 /s\Î˙/ <s\.Îh\> masc. a ship’s sail.
sTpuruq /s\t.pu.ruГџ/ <s> masc. a virtuous
man.
sTy /s\t.j\/ <s\.tj\> neut. truth.
s8ko /s\ВЇ.ko/ <s\.ВЇ\.ko> masc. a
shooting pain.
stt /s\.t\t/ <s\.t\.t\> advb. non-stop.
stam8I /s\.ta.m\.ВЇi/ <s\.ta.m\.ВЇii>
fem. 1. harassment, 2. teasing.
stej /s\.teГ”/ <s\.te.Г”\> adj. shining
brightly.
sTkmR /s\t.k\r.m\/ <s\.tk\.rm\> neut. a
benevolent work.
sTkar /s\t.kar/ <s\.tka.r\> masc. 1.
welcome, 2. reception.
sTkarvu& /s\t.kar.vu~/ <s\.ta.r\.vu~> v.tr.
to welcome.
sTy /s\t.j\/ <s\.tj\> adj. true.
sTyvadI /s\.tj\va.di/ <s\.tj\.va.dii> adj.
truthful.
sTyag/h /s\.tja.gr\h/ <s\.tja.gr\.h\>
masc. insistence on truth or
righteousness.
sTyana= /s\.tja.naГџ/ <s\.tja.na.Гџ\> neut.
annihilation.
sTs&g /s\t.s\Лњg/ <s\.ts\~.g\> masc.
company of saints.
sd&tr /s\.d\n.t\r/ <s\.d\~.t\.r\> advb.
absolutely.
sda /s\.da/ <s\.da> advb. always.
s]ar /s\t.t\r/ <s\.tt\.r\> adj. seventeen.
s]aa /s\t.ta/ <s\.tta> fem. 1. authority,
2. power.
s]aavar /s\t.ta.var/ <s\.tta.va.r\> adj. 1.
officially, 2. authentic.
s]aa8u& /s\t.ta.ВЇu~/ <s\.tta.ВЇu~> adj. ninety
seven.
sdakaX /s\.da.kaÆ/ <s\.da.ka.Æ\> advb.
forever.
sdacr8 /s\.da.c\.r\ВЇ/ <s\.da.c\.r\.ВЇ\>
neut. moral conduct.
sdacar /s\.da.car/ <s\.da.ca.r\> masc. a
moral conduct.
sdI /s\.di/ <s\.dii> fem. a century.
s]aavn /s\t.ta.v\n/ <s\.tta.v\.n\> adj.
fifty seven.
sd\gt /s\d.g\t/ <s\d.g\.t\> adj. having
attained salvation.
208
sd\git /s\d.g\.ti/ <s\d.g\.ti> fem.
salvation.
sd\gu8 /s\d.guВЇ/ <s\d.gu.ВЇ\> masc. a
virtue.
sd\g<hS9 /s\d.gru.h\s.tЛ™\/
<s\d.gr≤u.h\.sth\> masc. a gentleman.
sd\bui)0 /s\d.bud.dЛ™i/ <s\d.bu.dhdhi>
fem. constructive understanding.
sd\-agI /s\d.bЛ™a.gi/ <s\d.bha.gii> adj.
fortunate.
sd\-aGy /s\d.bЛ™a.gj\/ <s\d.bha.gj\>
neut. good fortunate.
sd\-av /s\d.bЛ™av/ <s\d.bha.v\> masc.
constructive sentiment.
sNmagR /s\n.marg/ <s\.nma.rg\> masc.
a moral path.
siNm{a /s\n.mit.r\/ <s\.nmi.tr\> masc.
a virtuous friend.
sp6avvu& /s\p.ГЋav.vu~/ <s\.p\.ГЋa.v\.vu~>
v.tr. to entrap.
spnu& /s\p.nu~/ <s\.p\.nu~> neut. a
dream.
sprmu& /s\.p\r.mu~/ <s\.p\.r\.mu~> adj.
auspicious.
spa4 /s\.paˇ/ <s\.pa.ˇ\> adj. flat.
spa4ab&0 /s\.pa.Л‡a.b\ndЛ™/
<s\.pa.Л‡a.b\~.dh\> advb. 1. at once, 2.
promptly.
spa4I /s\.pa.Л‡i/ <s\.pa.Л‡ii> fem. surface.
sd\v<i]a /s\d.vrut.ti/ <s\d.vru≤.tti> fem.
constructive intention.
s)0r /s\dЛ™.dЛ™\r/ <s\.dhdh\.r\> adj.
wealthy.
snm /s\.n\m/ <s\.n\.m\> fem. a
sweetheart.
snsna4I /s\n.s\.na.Л‡i/ <s\.n\.s\.na.Л‡ii>
fem. 1. a widespread feeling of dismay,
2. a thrill.
spUcu& /s\.pu.cu~./ <s\.puu.cu~> adj.
entire.
spUt /s\.put/ <s\.puu.t\> masc. a
virtuous son.
sPtko8 /s\p.t\.kГёВЇ/ <s\.pt\.ko.ВЇ\>
masc. a heptagon.
sPtah /s\p.tah/ <s\.pta.h\> neut. a
week.
snatn /s\.na.t\n/ <s\.na.t\.n\> adj.
eternal.
sp/ma8 /s\.pr\.maВЇ/ <s\.pr\.ma.ВЇ\>
adj. with proof.
snepat /s\.ne.pat/ <s\.ne.pa.t\> masc.
delirious fever.
sp/ma8 /s\.pr\.maВЇ/ <s\.pr\.ma.ВЇ\>
advb. proportion.
sNman /s\n.man/ <s\.nma.n\> neut. 1.
reception, 2. honor.
sp/em /s\.prem/ <s\.pre.m\> advb.
lovingly.
209
s_y /s\bЛ™.j\/ <s\.bhj\> adj. polite.
sfr /s\.pЛ™\r/ <s\.ph\.r\> fem. 1. a
travel, 2. a journey.
sm /s\m/ <s\.m\> masc. an oath.
sfrjn /s\.pЛ™\r.Г”\n/ <s\.ph\.r\.Г”\.n\>
neut. an apple.
smx /s\.m\k.Гџ\/ <s\.m\.kГџ\> advb. in
the presence of.
sfX /s\.pЛ™\Г†/ <s\.ph\.Г†\> adj. 1.
fruitful, 2. successful.
smg/ /s\.m\g.r\/ <s\.m\.gr\> adj. 1.
whole, 2. entire.
sfa: /s\.pЛ™a.i/ <s\.pha.ii> fem.
cleanliness.
smcors /s\m.co.r\s/ <s\.m\.co.r\.s\>
masc. a square.
sfac4 /s\.pЛ™a.c\Л‡/ <s\.pha.c\.Л‡\> advb.
totally used up.
smj /s\.m\Г”/ <s\.m\.Г”\> fem.
understanding.
sfaXu& /s\.pЛ™a.Г†u~/ <s\.pha.Г†u~> adj.
stunned.
smj8 /s\.m\.Г”\ВЇ/ <s\.m\.Г”\.ВЇ\> fem.
understanding.
sfed /s\.pЛ™ed/ <s\.phe.d\> adj. white.
smj8u& /s\.m\Г”.ВЇu~/ <s\.m\.Г”\.ВЇu~> adj.
wide.
sbk /s\.b\k/ <s\.b\.k\> masc. a moral.
sb6ko /s\.b\ГЋ.ko/ <s\.b\.ГЋ\.ko> masc.
a sound made when eating a liquid food
with hand.
smjvu& /s\.m\Г”.vu~/ <s\.m\.Г”\.vu~> v.intr.
1. to understand, 2. to comprehend.
smju /s\m.Г”u/ <s\.m\.Г”u> adj. wise.
sb6vu& /s\.b\ГЋ.vu~/ <s\.b\.ГЋ\.vu~> v.intr.
to suffer for a long time.
smjUtI /s\m.Г”u.ti/ <s\.m\.Г”u.tii> fem. 1.
understanding, 2. compromise.
sbX /s\.b\Г†/ <s\.b\.Г†\> adj. strong.
smtl /s\m.t\l/ <s\.m\.t\.l\> neut. an
even surface.
s-r /s\.bЛ™\r/ <s\.bh\.r\> adj. plenty.
s-a /s\.bЛ™a/ <s\.bha> fem. a meeting.
s-asd /s\.pЛ™a.sad/ <s\.bha.s\.d\>
masc. a member (of an association or
organization).
s_y /s\bЛ™.j\/ <s\.bhj\> masc. a
member (of an association or
organization).
smtula /s\m.tu.la/ <s\.m\.tu.la> fem.
balance.
smtol /s\m.tol/ <s\.m\.to.l\> adj. of
equal weight.
smd=IR /s\m.d\r.Гџi/ <s\.m\.d\.rГџii> adj.
impartial.
210
smВ±iQ4 /s\m.dr\Гџ.Л‡i/ <s\.m\.dr\.sВ°Л‡i>
adj. impartial.
smSya /s\.m\s.ja/ <s\.m\.sja> fem. 1. a
riddle, 2. a puzzle.
sm-av /s\m.bЛ™av/ <s\.m\.bha.v\>
masc. impartiality.
smagm /s\.ma.g\m/ <s\.ma.g\.m\>
masc. 1. an act of meeting, 2. union.
smy /s\.m\j/ <s\.m\.j\> masc. time.
smacar /s\.ma.car/ <s\.ma.ca.r\> masc.
news.
smysUck /s\.m\j.su.c\k/
<s\.m\.j\.suu.c\.k\> adj. sharpminded.
smysUckta /s\.m\j.su.c\k.ta/
<s\.m\.j\.suu.c\.k\.ta> fem. presence
of mind.
smrvu& /s\.m\r.vu~/ <s\.m\.r\.vu~> v.tr.
to remember someone or something with
devotion.
smВЈp /s\m.rup/ <s\.m\.ruu.p\> adj.
1. of the same form, 2. similar.
sm9R /s\.m\r.tЛ™\/ <s\.m\.rth\> adj.
powerful.
smpR8 /s\.m\r.p\ВЇ/ <s\.m\.rp\.ВЇ\>
neut. 1. an offering, 2. a surrendering, 3.
dedication.
smpRvu& /s\.m\r.p\.vu~/ <s\.m\.rp\.vu~>
v.tr. to offer, 2. to dedicate, .3 to
surrender.
smvySk /s\m.v\.j\s.k\/
<s\.m\.v\.j\.sk\> adj. of the same
age.
sm=er /s\m.Гџer/ <s\.m\.Гџe.r\> fem. a
sword.
smSt /s\/m\s.t\/ <s\.m\.st\> adj. 1.
entire, 2. whole.
smacarp{a /s\.ma.car.p\t.r\/
<s\.ma.ca.r\.p\.tr\> neut. a
newspaper.
smaj /s\.maГ”/ <s\.ma.Г”\> masc. 1.
society, 2. an association.
smajvad /s\.maГ”.vad/ <s\.ma.Г”\.va.d\>
masc. socialism.
smaj=aS{a /s\.maГ”.ГџaГџ.tr\/
<s\.ma.Г”\.Гџa.Гџtr\> neut. sociology.
smaj=aS{aI /s\/maГ”.ГџaГџ.tri/
<s\.ma.Г”\.Гџa.Гџtrii> masc. a sociologist.
sma0an /s\/ma/dЛ™an/ <s\.ma.dha.n\>
neut. 1. compromise, 2 settlement.
smai0 /s\.ma.dЛ™i/ <s\.ma.dhi> fem. 1.
deep meditation, 2. a death of an ascetic,
3. a shrine, etc. constructed over the
spot where an ascetic’s corpse is buried.
sman /s\.man/ <s\.ma.n\> adj. 1.
similar, 2. equal.
smanta /s\.man.ta/ <s\.ma.n\.ta> fem.
1. similarity, 2. equality.
smapn /s\.ma.p\n/ <s\.ma.p\.n\> neut.
an act of completion.
211
smaPt /s\.map.t\/ <s\.ma.pt\> adj. 1.
completed, 2. finished.
smuВ± /s\.mud.r\/ <s\.mu.dr\> masc. an
ocean.
smarvu& /s\.mar.vu~/ <s\.ma.r\.vu~> v.tr.
to repair.
sm<)0 /s\m.rud˙.d˙\/ <s\.mr≤.dhdh\>
adj. prosperious.
smar&- /s\.ma.r\m.bЛ™\/ <s\.ma.r\~.bh\>
masc. a grand celebration.
sm<i)0 /s\m.rud˙.d˙i/ <s\.mr≤.dhdhi>
fem. prosperity.
smave= /s\.ma.veГџ/ <s\.ma.ve.Гџ\> masc.
1. accomodation, 2. inclusion.
sme4vu& /s\.meˇ.vu~/ <s\.me.ˇ\.vu~> v.tr.
to wind up.
smas /s\.mas/ <s\.ma.s\> masc. a
compound.
smov6u& /s\.mo.v\.ГЋu~/ <s\.mo.v\.ГЋu~>
adj. equal.
sma&tr /s\.ma~n.t\r/ <s\.ma~.t\.r\> adj.
parallel.
srk8u& /s\.r\k.ВЇu~/ <s\.r\.k\.ВЇu~> adj.
slippery.
simit /s\.mi.ti/ <s\.mi.ti> fem. a
committee.
srkvu& /s\.r\k.vu~/ <s\.r\.k\.vu~> v.intr.
1. to slip, 2. to slide.
smIkr8 /s\.mi.k\.r\ВЇ/ <s\.mii.k\.r\.ВЇ\>
neut. equation.
srkar /s\r.kar/ <s\.r\.ka.r\> fem.
government.
smIxa /s\.mik.Гџa/ <s\.mi.kГџa> fem.
criticism.
srkarI /s\r.ka.ri/ <s\.r\.ka.rii> adj.
governmental.
smIp /s\.mip/ <s\.mii.p\> adj. 1. near,
2. close.
srko /s\r.ko/ <s\.r\.ko> masc. vinegar.
smIpta /s\.mip.ta/ <s\.mii.p\.ta> fem.
1. nearness, 2. proximity.
smIsa&j /s\.mi.sa~Г”/ <s\.mii.sa~.Г”\> fem.
the dusk.
smUict /s\.mu.cit/ <s\.muu.ci.t\> adj.
proper.
smuCcy /s\.muc.c\.j\/ <s\.muu.cc\.j\>
masc. a collection.
smUday /s\.mu.daj/ <s\.muu.da.j\>
masc. a group.
sr`am8I /s\r.kЛ™am.ВЇi/
<s\.r\.kha.m\.ВЇii> fem. comparision.
sr`avvu& /s\r.kЛ™av.vu~/ <s\.r\.kha.v\.vu~>
v.tr. to compare.
sr`u& /s\r.kЛ™u~/ <s\.r\.khu~> adj. equal.
srgvo /s\r.g\.vo/ <s\.r\.g\.vo> masc.
a tree or its fruit like stick that can be
used as vegetable.
sr3s /s\r.gЛ™\s/ <s\.r\.gh\.s\> neut. a
procession.
212
srdar /s\r.dar/ <s\.r\.da.r\> masc. 1.
leader, 2. chief.
srhd /s\r.h\d/ <s\.r\.h\.d\> fem. 1.
frontier, 2. border.
srdarI /s\r.da.ri/ <s\.r\.da.rii> fem.
leadership.
srX /s\.r\Г†/ <s\.r\.Г†\> adj. easy.
srnamu& /s\r.na.mu~/ <s\.r\.na.mu~> neut.
address.
srXta /s\.r\Г†.ta/ <s\.r\.Г†\.ta> fem.
simplicity.
srp&c /s\r.p\Вµc/ <s\.r\.p\~.c\> masc.
the president of a village assembly.
sravvu& /s\.rav.vu~/ <s\.ra.v\.vu~> v.tr. to
offer food and other things om the death
anniversary of a relative.
srpav /s\r.pav/ <s\.r\.pa.v\> masc. 1.
a gift, 2. an award.
srera= /s\.re.raГџ/ <s\.re.ra.Гџ\> fem.
average.
sr-r /s\r.bЛ™\r/ <s\.r\.bh\.r\> adj. 1.
neither more nor less, 2. equal.
srera= /s\.re.raГџ/ <s\.re.ra.Гџ\> advb. on
an average.
sr-ra /s\r.bЛ™\.ra/ <s\.r\.bh\.ra> fem.
hospitality.
sroj /s\.roГ”/ <s\.ro.Г”\> neut. lotus.
srmu`TyarI /s\r.mukЛ™.tja.ri/
<s\.r\.mu.kh\.tja.rii> fem.
dictactorship.
srmu`Tyar=ahI /s\r.mukЛ™.tjar.Гџa.hi/
<s\.r\.mu.kh\.tja.r\.Гџa.hii> fem.
dictatorship.
srvaXo /s\r.va.Г†o/ <s\.r\.va.Г†o> masc.
1. addition, 2. total.
srvEyu& /s\r.v\i.ju~/ <s\.r\.v\i.ju~> neut. a
balance-sheet.
sri=yu& /s\.r\.Гџi.ju~/ <s\.r\.Гџi.ju~> neut.
rapeseed oil.
sroijnI /s\.ro.Г”i.ni/ <s\.ro.Г”i.nii> fem.
lotus plant.
srovr /s\.ro.v\r/ <s\.ro.v\.r\> neut.
lake.
sjRk /s\r.Г”\k/ <s\.rГ”\.k\> masc. creator.
sjRn /s\r.Г”\n/ <s\.rГ”\.n\> neut.
creation.
sjRnaTmk /s\r.Г”\.nat.m\k/
<s\.rГ”\.na.tm\.k\> adj. creative.
sjRvu& /s\rГ”.vu~/ <s\.rГ”\.vu~> v.tr. to
create.
svR /s\r.v\/ <s\.rv\> adj. all.
srs /s\.r\s/ <s\.r\.s\> adj. good.
srsaman /s\r.sa.man/ <s\.r\.sa.ma.n\>
masc. household things.
AvRkalIn /s\r.v\.ka.lin/
<s\.rva.ka.lii.n\> adj. eternal.
213
svRg/ahI /s\r.v\.gra.hi/ <s\.rva,gra.hii>
adj. comprehensive.
slamt /s\.la.m\t/ <s\.la.m\.t\> adj.
free from fear.
svR}a /s\r.v\g.n\/ <s\.rva.gn\> adj.
omniscient.
slamtI /s\.la.m\.ti/ <s\.la.m\.tii> fem,
safety.
svR{a /s\r.v\t.r\/ <s\.rva.tr\> advb.
everywhere.
slah /s\.lah/ <s\.la.h\> fem. advice.
svRna= /s\r.v\.naГџ/ <s\.rv\.na.Гџ\> masc.
total destruction.
svRnam /s\r.v\.nam/ <s\.rv\.na.m\>
neut. pronoun.
svR-xI /s\r.v\.bЛ™k.Гџi/ <s\.rv\.bh\.kГџii>
adj. omnivorous.
svRmaNy /s\r.v\.man.j\/ <s\.rv\.ma.nj\>
adj. accepted by all.
svRVyapk /s\r.v\.vja.p\k/
<s\.rv\.vja.p\.k\> adj. omnipresent.
slahkar /s\.lah.kar/ <s\.la.h\.ka.r\>
adj. advisor.
sv8R /s\.v\r.ВЇ\/ <s\.v\.rВЇ\> adj.
higher caste people.
svlt /s\v.l\t/ <s\.v\.l\.t\> fem.
convenience.
svXu& /\s\v.Г†u~/ <s\.v\.Г†u~> adj.
clockwise.
sva /s\.va/ <s\.va> adj. one and a
quarter.
svayu& /s\.va.ju~/<s\.va.ju~> adj. superior.
svR=iktman /s\r.v\.Гџ\k.ti.man/
<s\.rv\.Гџ\.kti.ma.n\> adj.
omnipotent.
svaRnumt /s\r.va.nu.m\t/
<s\.rva.nu.m\.t\> adj. unnimous.
svaRnumit /s\r.va.nu.m\.ti/
<s\.rva.nu.m\.ti> fem. unanimity.
svoRCc /s\r.vo.cc\/ <s\.rvo.cj\> adj.
highest.
sla4 /s\.laˇ/ <s\.la.ˇ\> masc. stonemason.
slam /s\.lam/ <s\.la.m\> fem.
salutation.
svar /s\.var/ <s\.va.r\> fem. morning.
svarI /s\.va.ri/ <s\.va.rii> fem. a
passenger.
sval /s\.val/ <s\.va.l\> masc. 1.
question, 2. inquiry.
sivny /s\.vi.n\j/ <s\.vi.n\.j\> adj. 1.
courteous, 2. modest.
siv=eq /s\.vi.ГџeГџ/ <s\.vi.Гџe.sВ°\> adj.
peculiar.
sivStr /s\.vis.t\r/ <s\.vi.st\.r\> adj. 1.
detailed, 2. extensive.
214
sveXa /s\.ve.Г†a/ <s\.ve.Г†a> advb. in
time.
shyog /s\h.jog/ <s\.h\.jo.g\> masc. cooperation.
s=kt /s\.Гџ\k.t\/ <s\.Гџ\.kt\> adj.
strong.
shi=x8 /s\h.Гџik.Гџ\ВЇ/ <s\.h\.Гџi.kГџ\.ВЇ\>
neut. co-education.
ssro /s\s.ro/ <s\.s\.ro> masc. fatherin-law.
shsa /s\h.sa/ <s\.h\.sa> advb.
suddenly.
sslu& /s\s.lu~/ <s\.s\.lu~> neut. 1. rabbit,
2. hare.
shanu-av /s\.ha.nu.bЛ™av/
<s\.ha.nu.bha.v\> masc. sympathy.
sStu& /s\s.tu~/ <s\.stu~> adj. cheap.
shanu-Uit /s\.ha.nu.bЛ™u.ti/
<s\.ha.nu.bhuu.ti> fem. sympathy.
sSneh /s\.sneh/ <s\.sne.h\> adj. with
love.
sh /s\h/ <s\.h\> advb. with.
shkar /s\h.kar/ <s\.h\.ka.r\> masc. cooperation.
shkarI /s\h.ka.ri/ <s\.h\.ka.rii> adj.
co-operative.
shj /s\.h\Г”/ <s\.h\.Г”\> adj. 1. innate,
2. natural.
shjan&d /s\h.Г”a.n\nd/ <s\.h\.Г”a.n\~.d\>
masc. bliss natural to the soul.
shn /s\.h\n/ <s\.h\.n\> neut.
suffering.
sh-agI /s\h.bЛ™a.gi/ <s\.h\.bha.gii> adj.
partner.
shmt /s\h.m\t/ <s\.h\.m\.t\> adj.
agreeing with.
shmit /s\h.m\.ti/ <s\.h\.m\.ti> fem.
agreement.
shay /s\.haj/ <s\.ha.j\> fem. help.
sihyr /s\.hi.j\r/ <s\.hi.j\.r\> fem.
female friend (of a female)
sihyaru& /s\.hi.ja.ru~/ <s\.hi.ja.ru~> adj.
jointly owned.
sihQ8u /s\.hiß.¯u/ <s\.hi.s°¯u> adj.
tolerant.
sihQ8uta /s\.hiß.¯u.ta/ <s\.hi.s°¯u.ta>
fem. tolerance.
shI /s\.hi/ <s\.hii> fem. signature.
shej /s\.heГ”/ <s\.he.Г”\> adj. a little.
shetuk /s\.he.tuk/ <s\.he.t\.k\> adj.
intentional.
shel /s\.hel/ <s\.he.l\> fem. a pleasuretrip.
shelu& /s\.he.lu~/ <s\.he.lu~> adj. easy.
shodr /s\.ho.d\r/ <s\.ho.d\.r\> adj.
brother (born of the same mother).
215
s¬ /s\h.j\/ <s\.hj\> adj. endurable.
s&kul /s\Лњ.kul/ <s\~.ku.l\> adj. complex.
sX /s\Г†/ <s\.Г†\> fem. wrinkle (on bed
shit etc.)
s&ket /s\Лњ.ket/ <s\~.ke.t\> masc. 1. sign,
2. gesture.
sXgvu& /s\.Г†\g.vu~/ <s\.Г†\.g\.vu~> v.intr.
to burn.
s&kelvu& /s\Лњ.kel.vu~/ <s\~.ke.l\.vu~> v.intr.
to wind up.
sXvXvu& /s\Г†.v\Г†.vu~/ <s\.Г†\.v\.Г†\.vu~>
v.intr. to move slowly.
s&koc /s\Лњ.koc/ <s\~.ko.c\> masc.
contraction.
sX&g /s\.Г†\Лњg/ <s\.Г†\~.g\> adj.
unbroken.
s&kocvu& /s\Лњ.koc.vu~/ <s\~.ko.c\.vu~>
v.intr. to contract.
siXyo /s\.Г†i.jo/ <s\.Г†i.jo> masc. rod or
bar (of metal).
s&korvu& /s\Лњ.kor.vu~/ <s\.ko.r\.vu~> v.tr.
to ignite.
sXI /s\.Г†i/ <s\.Г†ii> fem. a thin round
stick.
s&ixPt /s\Лњ.kГџip.t\/ <s\~.kГџi.pt\> adj.
abridged.
sXe`m /s\.Г†e.kЛ™\m/ <s\.Г†e.kh\.m\> fem.
cold.
s&~ya /s\Лњ.kЛ™ja/ <s\~.khja> fem. 1.
number, 2. figure.
s&k4 /s\Лњ.k\Л‡/ <s\~.k\.Л‡\> neut. misery.
s&~yab&0 /s\Лњ.kЛ™ja.b\ndЛ™/
<s\~.khja.b\~.dh\> adj. numerous.
s&k6am8 /s\Лњk.ГЋa.m\ВЇ/
<s\~.k\.ГЋa.m\.ВЇ\> fem. crowdedness.
s&g /s\Лњg/ <s\~.g\> masc. association.
s&kln /s\Лњ.k\.l\n/ <s\~.k\.l\.n\> neut.
collection.
s&g5n /s\Лњ.g\.Л‡Л™\n/ <s\~.g\.Л‡h\.n\> neut.
1. association, 2. organization.
s&kLp /s\Лњ.k\l.p\/ <s\~.k\.lp\> masc.
determination.
s&gm /s\Лњ.g\m/ <s\~.g\.m\> masc.
meeting.
s&kLp=ikt /s\Лњ.k\l.p\.Гџ\k.ti/
<s\~.k\.lp\.Гџ\.kti> fem. will-power.
s&ga9 /s\Лњ.gatЛ™/ <s\~.ga.th\> masc.
company (in travel).
s&kXavu& /s\Лњk.Г†a.vu~/ <s\~.k\.Г†a.vu~> v.intr.
to be associated with.
s&gIt /s\Лњ.git/ <s\~.gii.t\> neut. music.
s&kuict /s\Лњ.ku.cit/ <s\~.ku.ci.t\> adj.
narrow (minded).
s&gIn /s\Лњ.gin/ <s\~.gii.n\> adj. 1. solid,
2. durable.
216
s&gemrmr /s\Лњ.ge.m\r.m\r/
<s\~.ge.m\.r\.m\.r\> masc. marble.
s&}aavack /s\Лњ.gna.va.c\k/
<s\.gna.va.c\.k\> adj. proper noun.
s&g/h /s\Лњ.gr\h/ <s\~.gr\.h\> masc. 1.
collection, 2. hoard.
s&6as /s\ВЇ.ГЋas/ <s\~.ГЋa.s\> neut. latrine.
s&g/h`or /s\Лњ.gr\h.kЛ™or/
<s\~.gr\.h\.kho.r\> adj. hoarder.
s&6ovvu& /s\ВЇ.ГЋov.vu~/ <s\~.ГЋo,v\.vu~> v.tr.
1. to involve, 2. to implicate.
s&t /s\nt/ <s\~.t\> masc. saint.
s&g/h`orI /s\Лњ.gr\h.kЛ™o.ri/
<s\~.gr\.h\.kho.rii> fem. hoarding.
s&g/hvu& /s\Лњ.gr\h.vu~/ <s\~.gr\.h\.vu~>
v.tr. to collect.
s&tva8I /s\nt.va.ВЇi/ <s\~.t\.va.ВЇi> fem.
teaching of saints.
s&tru /s\nt.ru~/ <s\~.t\.ru> neut. orange.
s&g/hS9an /s\Лњ.gr\h.stЛ™an/
<s\~.gr\.h\.stha.n\> neut. museum.
s&takUk6I /s\n.ta.kuk.ГЋi/ <s\~.ta.ku.k\.ГЋii>
fem. a game of hide and seek.
s&3 /s\Лњ.g\/ <s\~.gh\> masc. 1. group of
pilgrims, 2. association, 3. union.
s&ta6vu& /s\n.taГЋ.vu~/ <s\~.ta.ГЋ\.vu~> v.tr.
to hide.
s&3rvu& /s\Лњ.g\r.vu~/ <s\~.gh\.r\.vu~> v.tr.
1. to collect, 2. to hoard.
s&tan /s\n.tan/ <s\~.ta.n\> neut.
offspring.
s&3qR /s\m.gЛ™\rГџ/ <s\~.gh\.rsВ°\> masc. 1.
clash, 2. conflict.
s&tap /s\n.tap/ <s\~.ta.p\> masc. 1.
distress, 3. misery.
s&calk /s\Вµ.ca.l\k/ <s\~.ca.l\.k\> masc.
manager (male).
s&tavu& /s\n.ta.vu~/ <s\~.ta.vu~> v.intr. to
hide (oneself).
s&cailka /s\Вµ.ca.li.ka/ <s\~.ca.li.ka> fem.
manager (female).
s&tuln /s\n.tu.l\n/ <s\~.tu.l\.n\> neut.
balance.
s&caln /s\Вµ.ca.l\n/ <s\~.ca.l\.n\> neut.
management.
s&toq /s\n.toГџ/ <s\~.to.sВ°\> masc.
satisfaction.
s&co /s\Вµ.co/ <s\~.co> masc. machine.
s&toqkark /s\n.toГџ.ka.r\k/
<s\~.to.sВ°\.ka.r\.k\> adj. satisfactory.
s&jog /s\Вµ.Г”og/ <s\~.Г”o.g\> masc.
meeting.
s&}aa /s\Лњ.gna/ <s\~.gna> fem. sign.
s&toqI /s\n.to.Гџi/ <s\~.to.sВ°ii> adj. having
happy disposition.
s&d-R /s\n.d\rbЛ™/ <s\~.d\.rbh\> masc. 1.
context, 2. reference.
217
s&idG0 /s\n.dig.dЛ™\/ <s\~.di.gdh\> adj.
doubtful.
s&de= /s\n.deГџ/ <s\~.de.Гџ\> masc.
message.
s&de=vahk /s\n.deГџ.va.h\k/
<s\~.de.Гџ\.va.h\.k\> adj. 1. messenger,
2. courier.
s&deh /s\n.deh/ <s\~.de.h\> masc. 1.
doubt, 2. suspicion.
s&pkR /s\m.p\rk/ <s\~.p\.rk\> masc.
contact.
s&padk /s\m.pa.d\k/ <s\~.pa.d\.k\>
masc. editor.
s&padkIy /s\m.pa.d\.ki.j\/
<s\~.pa.d\.kii.j\> adj. editorial.
s&padn /s\m.pa.d\n/ <s\~.pa.d\.n\>
neut. 1. editing, .2 acquiring.
s&pU8R /s\m.pur.ВЇ\/ <s\~.puu.rВЇ\> adj.
1. entire, 2. whole.
s&i0 /s\n.dЛ™i/ <s\~.dhi> fem. 1. a joint, 2.
conjunction, 3. treaty, 4. euphonic
coalition of sounds (in grammar).
s&p/day /s\m.pr\.daj/ <s\~.pr\.da.j\>
masc. 1. a religious sect, 2. a cult.
s&i0kaX /s\n.d˙i.kaÆ/ <s\~.dhi.ka.Æ\>
masc. period of transition.
s&b&0 /s\m.b\n.dЛ™\/ <s\~.b\~.dh\> masc.
relation.
s&)ya /s\n.dЛ™ja/ <s\~.dhja> fem. 1.
evening, 2. evening prayer.
s&b&0I /s\m.b\n.dЛ™i/ <s\~.b\~.dhii> adj. 1.
related, 2. relative.
s&inpat /s\n.ni.pat/ <s\~.ni.pa.t\> masc.
delirium.
s&bo0vu& /s\m.bodЛ™.vu~/ <s\~.bo.dh\.vu~>
v.tr. to address.
s&inQ5 /s\n.niГџЛ‡Л™/ <s\~.ni.sВ°Л‡h\> adj. 1.
honest, 2. devoted.
s&-v /s\m.bЛ™\v/ <s\~.bh\.v\> masc.
likelihood.
s&inQ5a /s\n.niГџ.Л‡Л™a/ <s\~.ni.sВ°Л‡ha> fem. 1.
honesty, 2. devotion.
s&-Xavvu& /s\mbЛ™.Г†av.vu~/
<s\~.bh\.Г†a.v\.vu~> v.tr. 1. to make
someone hear, 2. to speak in insulting
manner.
s&Nyas /s\m.njas/ <s\~.nja.s\> masc.
asceticism.
s&NyasI /s\m.ja.si/ <s\~.nja.sii> masc.
hermit.
s&-arvu& /s\m.bЛ™ar.vu~/ <s\~.bha.r\.vu~>
v.tr. 1. to remember, 2. to recollect.
s&p /s\mp/ <s\~.p\> masc. unity.
s&-avna /s\m.bЛ™av.na/ <s\~.bha.v\.na>
fem. probability.
s&pi]a /s\m.p\.tti/ <s\~.p\.tti> fem.
wealth.
s&-aX /s\m.b˙aÆ/ <s\~.bha.Æ\> fem. care.
218
s&-og /s\m.bЛ™og/ <s\~.bho.g\> masc.
sexual intercourse.
s&vad /s\m.vad/ <s\~.va.d\> masc.
conversation.
s&mt /s\m.m\t/ <s\~.m\.t\> adj. agreed.
s&vaidta /s\m.va.di.ta/ <s\~.va.di.ta> fem.
harmony.
s&mit /s\m.m\.ti/ <s\~.m\.ti> fem. 1.
approval, 2. agreement.
s&meln /s\m.me.l\n/ <s\~.me.l\.n\> neut.
gathering.
s&vadI /s\m.va.di/ <s\~.va.dii> adj.
harmonious.
s&vedn /s\m.ve.d\n/ <s\~.ve.d\.n\> neut.
sensation.
s&ym /s\i~.j\m/ <s\~.j\.m\> masc. 1.
restraint, 2. control.
s&=y /s\m.Гџ\j/ <s\~.Гџ\.j\> masc.
suspicion.
s&yukt /s\m.juk.t\/ <s\~.ju.kt\> adj. 1.
joined, 2. united.
s&=o0k /s\m.Гџo.dЛ™\k/ <s\~.Гџo.dh\.k\>
adj. researcher.
s&yog /s\m.jog/ <s\~.jo.g\> masc. 1.
union, 2. meeting.
s&=o0n /s\m.Гџo.dЛ™\n/ <s\~.Гџo.dh\.n\>
neut. 1. research, 2. purification.
s&yojk /s\m.jo.Г”\k/ <s\~.jo.Г”\.k\> adj.
uniting.
s&=oi0t /s\m.Гџo.dЛ™it/ <s\~.Гџo.dhi.t\> adj.
1. purified, 2. searched out.
s&yojk /s\m.jo.Г”\k/ <s\~.jo.Г”\.k\> masc.
organizer.
s&sgR /s\m.s\rg/ <s\~.s\.rg\> masc. 1.
contact, 2. association.
s&yojn /s\m.jo.Г”\n/ <s\~.jo.Г”\.n\> neut.
the act of joining.
s&sar /s\m.sar/ <s\~.sa.r\> masc. 1. the
universe, 2. the world.
s&rxk /s\m.r\k.Гџ\k/ <s\~.r\.kГџ\.k\> adj.
protector.
s&sarI /s\m.sa.ri/ <s\~.sa.rii> adj.
worldly.
s&rx8 /s\m.r\k.Гџ\ВЇ/ <s\~.r\.kГџ\.ВЇ\>
neut. protection.
s&Skar /s\m.skar/ <s\~.ska.r\> masc.
purification.
s&vt /s\m.v\t/ <s\~.v\.t\> masc. the
Vikram era that begun in 56 B.C.
s&SkarIta /s\m.sa.ri.ta/ <s\~.ska.rii.ta>
fem. civility.
s&vTsrI /s\m.v\t.s\.ri/ <s\~.v\.ts\.rii>
fem. death anniversary.
s&Sk<t /s\m.skut/ <s\~.skr≤.t\> fem.
Sanskrit language.
s&vnn /s\m.v\.n\n/ <s\~.v\.n\.n\> neut.
1. wooing, 2. courting.
s&Sk<it /s\m.skru.ti/ <s\~.skr≤.ti> fem.
civilization.
219
s&S9a /s\Гџ.tЛ™a/ <s\~.stha> fem. institution.
s&S9apk /s\m.stЛ™a.p\k/ <s\~.stha.p\.k\>
adj. founder.
s&har /s\m.har/ <s\~.ha.r\> masc.
destruction.
sakr /sa.k\r/ <sa.k\.r\> fem. suger.
saxr /sak.Гџ\r/ <sa.kГџ\.r\> adj. 1.
literate, 2. learned.
saxat\ /sak.Гџat/ <sa.kГџa.t> advb. in
physical presence.
sa6{aIs /sa.ГЋ\t.ris/ <sa.ГЋ\.trii.s\> adj.
thirty-seven.
sa6lo /saГЋ.lo/ <sa.ГЋ\.lo> masc. sari.
sa6I /sa.ГЋi/ <sa.ГЋii> fem. sari.
sa6asatI /sa.ГЋa.sa.ti/ <sa.ГЋa.sa.tii> fem.
malicious influence of Saturn that
remains over a period of seven years.
sa7u /sa.ГЋЛ™u/ <sa.ГЋhu> masc. husband
of wife’s sister.
sa8sI /saВЇ.si/ <sa.ВЇ\.sii> fem. pair of
pincers.
saxaTkar /sak.Гџat.kar/ <sa.kГџa.tka.r\>
masc. 1. devine realization, 2. spiritual
perception.
sat /sat/ <sa.t\> adj. seven.
saxI /sak.Гџi/ <sa.kГџii> fem. testimony.
satTy /sa.t\t.j\/ <sa.t\.tj\> neut.
continuity.
saxI /sak.Гџi/ <sa.kГџii> masc. eyewitness.
satm /sa.t\m/ <sa.t\.m\> fem. seventh
day of a lunar fortnight.
sag /sag/ <sa.g\> masc. 1. teak-tree, 2.
teak-wood.
satmu& /sat.mu~/ <sa.t\.mu~> adj. seventh.
sa9 /satЛ™/ <sa.th\> masc. company.
sagr /sa.g\r/ <sa.g\.r\> masc. ocean.
sa9X /sa.tЛ™\Г†/ <sa.th\.Г†\> fem. thigh.
sacvvu& /sa.c\v.vu~/ <sa.c\.v\.vu~> v.tr. .
to take care of, 2. to preserve.
sacu& /sa.cu~/ <sa.cu~> adj. 1. true, 2.
right.
saju& /sa.Г”u~/ <sa.Г”u~> adj. healthy.
sa4u& /sa.Л‡u~/ <sa.Л‡u~> neut. bargain.
sa4e /sa.Л‡e/ <sa.Л‡e> postp. in exchange.
sai9yo /sa.tЛ™i.jo/ <sa.Л‡hi.jo> masc.
auspicious figure of Swastik.
sa9I /sa.tЛ™i/ <sa.kГџii> masc. companion.
sa9Idar /sa.tЛ™i.dar/ <sa.thii.da.r\> masc.
companion.
sad /sad/ <sa.d\> masc. 1. voice, 2.
shout.
220
sadgI /sad.gi/ <sa.d\.gii> fem.
simplicity.
sadr /sa.d\r/ <sa.d\.r\> advb.
respectfully.
sada: /sa.da.i/ <sa.da.ii> fem.
simplicity.
sadu& /sa.du~/ <sa.du~> adj. 1. simple, .2
plain.
sap /sap/ <sa.p\> masc. a male serpent.
sap8 /sa.p\ВЇ/ <sa.p\.ВЇ\> fem. a female
serpent.
sapex /sa.pek.Гџ\/ <sa.pe.kГџ\> adj.
relative.
sapoilyu& /sa.po.li.ju~/ <sa.po.li.ju~> neut.
young serpent.
sa0k /sa.dЛ™\k/ <sa.dh\.k\> masc.
spiritual discipline.
saPtaihk /sap.ta.hik/ <sa.pta.hi.k\> adj.
weekly.
sa0n /sa.dЛ™\n/ <sa.dh\.n\> neut. 1.
tool, .2 instrument.
saf /sapЛ™/ <sa.ph\> adj. clean.
sa0ns&pNn /sa.dЛ™\n.sam.p\n.n\/
<sa.dh\.n\.s\~.p\.nn\> adj. possessing
sufficient resources.
sa0na /sadЛ™.na/ <sa.dh\.na> fem.
spiritual practice.
sa0vu& /sadЛ™.vu~/ <sa.dh\.vu~> v.tr. to
undergo a spiritual practice.
safsUf /sapЛ™.supЛ™/ <sa.ph\.suu.ph\>
adj. cleaning.
safo /sa.pЛ™o/ <sa.pho> masc. a kind of
turban.
sabdu& /sab.du~/ <sa.b\.du~> adj. alert.
sabr /sa.b\r/ <sa.b\.r\> neut. stag.
saibtI /sa.bi.ti/ <sa.bi.tii> fem. proof.
sa0ar8 /sa.dЛ™a.r\ВЇ/ <sa.dha.r\.ВЇ\> adj.
1. ordinary, 2. common.
sa0u /sa.dЛ™u/ <sa.dhu> adj. good.
sa0u /sa.dЛ™u/ <sa.dhu> masc. 1. ascetic,
2. hermit.
sa)vI /sadЛ™.vi/ <sa.dhvii> fem. 1. a
female ascetic, 2. a female hermit.
san /san/ <sa.n\> fem. . sign, 2. sense.
sanukUX /sa.nu.kuÆ/ <sa.nu.kuu.Æ\> adj.
favorable.
sabu /sa.bu/ <sa.bu> masc. soap.
sa-ar /sa.bЛ™ar/ <sa.bha.r\> adj.
thankful.
sa-ar /sa.bЛ™ar/ <sa.bha.r\> advb.
gratefully.
samg/I /sa.m\g.ri/ <sa.m\.grii> fem.
materials.
sam4u& /sam.Л‡u~/ <sa.m\.Л‡u~> adj.
collected.
221
samno /sam.no/ <sa.m\.no> masc.
resistance.
sarvar /sar.var/ <sa.r\.va.r\> fem. 1.
nursing, 2. attendance.
samiyk /sa.m\.jik/ <sa.m\.ji.k\> neut.
periodical.
sars /sa.r\s/ <sa.ra.s\> neut. crane.
sam(yR /sa.m\r.tЛ™j\/ <sa.m\.rthj\> neut.
capability.
[email protected] /sa.ma.Г”ik/ <sa.ma.Г”ii.k\> adj.
social.
saman /sa.man/ <sa.ma.n\> masc.
luggage.
sar&gI /sa.r\Лњ.gi/ <sa.r\~.gii> fem.
stringed musical instument.
sarasarI /sa.ra.sa.ri/ <sa.ra.sa.rii> fem.
cordial relations.
sara&= /sa.ra~mГџ/ <sa.ra~.Гџ\> masc. 1.
essence, 2. gist.
saru& /sa.ru~/ <sa.ru~> adj. good.
samaNy /sa.ma.nj\/ <sa.ma.nj\> adj.
general.
samaNytЕ /sa.ma.nj\.t\h/ <sa.ma.nj\.t\:>
advb. usually.
samudaiyk /sa.mu.da.jik/ <sa.mu.da.ji.k\>
adj. collective.
samUihk /sa.mu.hik/ <sa.muu.hi.k\> adj.
collective.
same /sa.me/ <sa.me> postp. in front of.
samEyu& /sa.m\i.ju~/ <sa.m\i.ju~> neut.
procession going to receive a dignitary.
saMy /sam.j\/ <sa.mj\> neut. similitude.
sam/ajy /sam.raГ”.j\/ <sa.mra,Г”j\> neut.
empire.
sayujy /sa.juГ”.j\/ <sa.ju.Г”j\> neut.
merging together.
sar /sar/ <sa.r\> masc. 1. essence, 2.
gist, 3. summary.
sa9Rk /sar.tЛ™\k/ <sa.rth\.k\> adj.
successful.
savRjink /sar.v\.Г”\.nik/ <sa.rv\.Г”\.ni.k\>
adj. public.
savRi{ak /sar.v\.trik/ <sa.rv\.tri.k\> adj.
ubiquitous.
savR-Om /sar.v\.bЛ™\um/
<sa.rv\.bh\u.m\> adj. sovereign.
sal /sal/ <sa.l\> neut. year.
sal-r /sal.bЛ™\r/ <sa.l\.bh\.r\> advb.
through out the year.
salvu& /sal.vu~/ <sa.l\.vu~> v.intr. to feel a
pricking pain.
salosal /sa.lo.sal/ <sa.lo.sa.l\> advb.
every year.
saLlo /sal.lo/ <sa.llo> masc. sari.
sav /sav/ <sa.v\> advb. completely.
222
savku& /sav.ku~/ <sa.v\.ku~> adj. of a
step-relation.
saheba /sa.he.ba/ <sa.he.ba> fem.
respectable woman.
savcet /sav.cet/ <sa.v\.ce.t\> adj.
cautious.
sahebI /sa.he.bi/ <sa.he.bii> fem.
prosperity.
savcetI /sav.ce.ti/ <sa.v\.ce.tii> fem.
caution.
sahelI /sa.he.li/ <sa.he.lii> fem. a
female friend.
savj /sa.v\Г”/ <sa.v\.Г”\> masc. lion.
saXavelI /sa.Г†a.ve.li/ <sa.Г†a.ve.lii> fem.
wife of wife’s brother.
savr8I /sa.v\r.ВЇi/ <sa.v\.r\.ВЇii> fem. a
small broom.
saXI /sa.Æi/ <sa.Æii> fem. wife’s sister.
savr8o /sa.v\r.ВЇo/ <sa.v\.r\.ВЇo> masc.
a big broom.
saXo /sa.Æo/ <sa.Æo> masc. wife’s
brother.
sasiryu& /sa.s\r.(i)ju~/ <sa.s\.ri.ju~> adj. a
relative of father-in-law.
sa&k6u& /sa~k.ГЋu~/ <sa~.k\.ГЋu~> adj. narrow.
sasrI /sas.ri/ <sa.s\.rii> fem. home or
family of father-in-law.
sasu /sa.su/ <sa.su> fem. mother-in-law.
sahijk /sah.Г”ik/ <sa.h\.Г”i.k\> adj. 1.
natural, 2. instinctive.
sa&kX /sa~.k\Г†/ <sa~.k\.Г†\> fem. chain.
sa&kXvu& /sa~.k\Г†.vu~/ <sa~.k\.Г†\.vu~> v.tr. to
link to gether.
sa&kXI /sa~k.Г†i/ <sa~.k\.Г†ii> fem. necklace.
sa&kXu& /sa~k.Г†u~/ <sa~.k\.Г†u~> neut. anklet.
sahs /sa.h\s/ <sa.h\.s\> neut. 1.
adventure, 2. enterprise.
sa&`vu& /sa~kЛ™.vu~/ <sa~.kh\.vu~> v.tr. to
endure.
sahisk /sah.sik/ <sa.h\.si.k\> adj.
adventurous.
sa&j /sa~Г”/ <sa~.Г”\> fem. evening.
saihTy /sa.hit.j\/ <sa.hi.tj\> neut.
literature.
saihiTyk /sa.hit.jik/ <sa.hi.tji.k\> adj.
literary.
saheb /sa.heb/ <sa.he.b\> masc. 1.
master, 2. boss, 3. reputed person.
sa&5o /sa~.Л‡Л™o/ <sa~.Л‡ho> masc. stalk of
sugar cane.
sa&0vu& /sa~dЛ™.vu~/ <sa~.dh\.vu~> v.tr. 1. to
sew, 2. to join, 3. to solder.
sa&0o /sa~.dЛ™o/ <sa~.dho> masc. joint.
sa&p/t /sa~m.pr\t/ <sa~.pr\.t\> adj.
contemporary.
223
sa&p/daiyk /sa~p.r\.da.jik/ <sa~.pr\.da.ji.k\>
adj. sectarian.
sa&belu& /sa~.be.lu~/ <sa~.be.lu~> neut. a
wooden pestle.
isfars /si.pЛ™a.r\s/ <si.pha.r\.s\> fem.
recommendation.
islk /si.l\k/ <si.l\.k\> fem. amount
remaining after expenditure.
sa&-Xvu& /sa~.bЛ™\Г†.vu~/ <sa~.bh.Г†\.vu~> v.tr.
1. to hear, 2. to listen.
islislab&0 /sil.si.la.b\ndЛ™/
<si.l\.si.la.b\~.dh\> adj. in orderly
manner.
sa&sairk /sa~.sa.rik/ <sa~.sa.ri.k\> adj.
mundane.
isla: /si.la.i/ <si.la.ii> fem. sewing.
sa&Skairk /sa~ns.ka.rik/ <sa~.sa.ka.ri.k>
adj. pertaining to culture.
sa&Sk<itk /sa~s.kru.tik/ <sa~.skr≤.ti.k\> adj.
cultural.
iskko /sik.ko/ <si.kko> masc. 1. seal, 2.
stamp, 3. coin.
istm /si.t\m/ <si.t\.m\> masc. tyranny.
istar /si.tar/ <si.ta.r\> fem. a musical
instrument.
istaro /si.ta.ro/ <si.ta.ro> masc. star.
is]aer /sit.ter/ <si.tte.r\> adj. seventy.
isTyoter /sit.jo.t\r/ <si.tjo.te.r\> adj.
seventy seven.
isTya=I /sit.ja.Гџi/ <si.tja.Гџii> adj. eighty
seven.
is)0aNt /sidЛ™.dЛ™an.t\/ <si.dhdha.nt\>
masc. 1. principle, 2. doctrine, 3.
theorem.
ispa: /si.pai/ <si.pa.ii> masc. soldier.
isv6am8 /siv.ГЋa.m\ВЇ/ <si.v\.ГЋa.m\.ВЇ\>
fem. wages for sewing.
isskarvu& /sis.kar.vu~/ <si.s\.ka.r\.vu~>
v.intr. to hiss.
isskaro /sis.ka.ro/ <si.s\.ka.ro> masc.
hissing sound.
isso4I /si.so.Л‡i/ <si.so.Л‡ii> fem. whistle.
is&cvu& /siВµc.vu~/ <si~.c\.vu~> v.tr. 1. to
sprinkle, 2. to water (plant and etc.).
is&dUr /sin.dur/ <si~.du.r\> neut.
vermilion.
is&0v /sin.dЛ™\v/ <si~.dh\.v\> neut. rocksalt.
is&0I /sin.dЛ™i/ <si~.dhii> fem. a
community so named.
is&0I /sin.dЛ™i/ <si~.dhii> fem. Sindhi
language.
is&h /simh/ <si~.h\> masc. lion.
is&h8 /sim.h\ВЇ/ <si~.h\.ВЇ\> fem. lioness.
224
is&hasn /sim.ha.s\n/ <si~.ha.s\.n\> neut.
throne.
sIzvvu& /si.Г”Л™\v.vu~/ <sii.Г”h\.v\.vu~> v.tr.
to cook by moderate heat.
sIzvu& /siГ”Л™.vu~/ <sii.Г”h\.vu~> v.intr. to be
cooked by moderate heat.
sI4I /si.Л‡i/ <sii.Л‡ii> fem. a whistle.
sI6I /si.ГЋi/ <sii.ГЋii> fem. 1. ladder, 2.
staircase.
su` /sukЛ™/ <su.kh\> neut. happiness.
su`6 /su.kЛ™\ГЋ/ <su.kh\.ГЋ\> neut.
sandalwood.
su`6I /su.kЛ™.ГЋi/ <su.kh\.ГЋii> fem. a
kind of sweet.
su`I /su.kЛ™i/ <su.khii> adj. 1. happy, 2.
well-to-do.
sugm /su.g\m/ <su.g\.m\> adj. easy.
sI0u& /si.dЛ™u~/ <sii.dhu~> adj. straight.
sug&0 /su:.g\ndЛ™/ <su.g\~.dh\> fem.
fragrance.
sIm /sim/ <sii.m\> fem. land on the
border of a village.
su36 /su.gЛ™\ГЋ/ <suu.gh\.ГЋ\> adj. neat
and clean.
sIm&t /si.m\nt/ <sii.m\~.t\> neut. a ritual
performed at the time of the first
pregnancy of a woman.
su6taXIs /suГЋ.ta.lis/ <su.ГЋ\.ta.Г†ii.s\>
adj. forty seven.
sIma /si.ma/ <sii.ma> fem. 1. border, 2.
boundary.
sIimt /si.mit/ <sii.mi.t\> adj. limited.
sIv8 /si.v\ВЇ/ <sii.v\.ВЇ\> neut. sewing.
sIvvu& /siv.vu~/ <sii.v\.vu~> v.tr. 1. to
sew, 2. to stitch.
sI&ca: /siВµ.cai/ <sii~.ca.ii> fem.
irrigation.
su6oX /su.ÎoÆ/ <su.Îo.Æ\> adj.
handsome.
sutraw /sut.ra.u/ <su.t\.ra.u~> adj. made
of cotton yarn.
sud /sud/ <su.d\> fem. bright half of a
lunar month.
su0rvu& /su.dЛ™\r.vu~/ <su.dh\.r\.vu~>
v.intr. t o improve.
su0ra: /sudЛ™.ra.i/ <su.dh\.ra.ii> fem.
municipality.
sukan /su.kan/ <su.ka.n\> neut. helm.
su0a /su.dЛ™a/ <su.dha> fem. nectar.
sukanI /su.ka.ni/ <su.ka.nii> masc.
helmsman.
sukavu& /su.ka.vu~/ <su.ka.vu~> v.intr. to
become dry.
su0arvu/& su.dЛ™ar.vu~/ <su.dha.r\.vu~> v.tr.
to improve.
225
su0aro /su.dЛ™a.ro/ <su.dha.ro> masc.
improvement.
sulehnamu& /su.leh.na.mu~/
<su.le.h\.na.mu~> neut. peace treaty.
su0I /su.dЛ™i/ <su.dhii> postp. 1. up to, 2
until.
suvaky /su.vak.j\/ <su.va.kj\> neut. a
maxim.
sunav8I /su.na.v\.ВЇi/ <su.na.v\.ВЇii>
fem. hearing of a case in a court.
suvav6 /su.va.v\ГЋ/ <su.va.v\.ГЋ\> fem.
childbirth.
supa{a /su.pat.r\/ <su.pa.tr\> adj.
deserving.
suvas /su.vas/ <su.va.s\> fem.
fragrance.
sup/is)0 /su.pr\.sidЛ™.dЛ™\/
<su.pr\.si.dhdh\> adj. 1. renowned,
2. well-known.
suiv~yat /su.vikЛ™.jat/ <su.vi.khja.t\> adj.
well-known.
subo0 /su.bodЛ™/ <su.bo.dh\> adj. easy
to understand.
sumn /su.m\n/ <su,m\.n\> neut.
flower.
surixt /su.r\k.Гџit/ <su.r\.kГџi.t\> adj.
safe.
surIlu& /su.ri.lu~/ <su.rii.lu~> adj. 1. welltuned, 2. melodious.
suruic /su.ru.ci/ <su.ru.ci> adj. refined
taste.
sure` /su.rekЛ™/ <su.re.kh\> adj.
proportionate.
sul- /su.l\bЛ™/ <su.l\.bh\> adj. easily
available.
sule`n /su.le.kЛ™\n/ <su.le.kh\.n\> neut.
good handwriting.
suleh /su.leh/ <su.le.h\> fem. peace.
suividt /su.vi.dit/ <su.vi.di.t\> adj.
well-known.
suiv0a /su.vi.dЛ™a/ <su.vi.dha> fem.
convenience.
sui=ixt /su.Гџik.Гџit/ <su.Гџi.kГџi.t\> adj.
well-educated.
su=Il /su.Гџil/ <su.Гџi.l\> adj. of a good
character.
su=o-n /su.Гџo.bЛ™\n/ <su.Гџo.bh\.n\>
neut. decoration.
su=oi-t /Гџu.Гџo.bЛ™it/ <su.Гџo.bhi.t\> adj.
well-decorated.
susjj /su.s\Ô.Ô\/ <su.s\.ÔÔ\> adj. wellequipped.
susva4o /sus.va.Л‡o/ <su.s\.va.Л‡o> masc.
a wind-blow.
sus&gt /su.s\Лњ.g\t/ <su.s\~.g\.t\> adj. 1.
consistent.
suSt /sus.t\/ <su.st\> adj. lazy.
226
suStI /sus.ti/ <su.stii> fem. laziness.
su&dr /sun.d\r/ <su~.d\.r\> adj.
beautiful.
sUmsam /sum.sam/ <suu.m\.sa.m\> adj.
utterly silent.
sUr /sur/ <suu.r\> masc. musical tune.
sUrj /su.r\Г”/ <suu.r\.Г”\> masc. the sun.
suvaXu& /su.wa.Г†u~/ <su.va.Г†u~> adj.
smooth.
sUkvvu& /su.k\v.vu~/ <suu.k\.v\.vu~> v.tr.
to dry.
sUku& /su.ku~/ <su.ku~> adj. dry.
sUГҐm /suk.Гџm\/ <suu.kГџm\> adj.
minute.
sUr8 /su.r\ВЇ/ <suu.r\.ВЇ\> neut. a name
of an edible root.
sUyR /sur.j\/ <suu.rj\> masc. the sun.
sUyRg/h8 /sur.j\.gr\.h\ВЇ/
<suu.rj\.gr\.h\.ВЇ\> neut. solar
eclipse.
sUg /sug/ <suu.g\> fem. nausea.
sUyRmu`I /sur.j\.mu.kЛ™i/
<suu.rj\.mu.khii> neut. sun-flower.
sUck /su.c\k/ <suu.c\.k\> adj. 1.
suggestive, 2. indicative.
sUyaRSt /sur.jas.t\/ <suu.rja.st\> masc.
sunset.
sUcn /su.c\n/ <suu.c\.n\> neut. 1.
suggestion, 2. indication.
sUyoRdy /sur.jo.d\j/ <suu.rjo.d\.j\> masc.
sunrise.
sUcvvu& /su.c\v.vu~/ <suu.c\.v\.vu~> v.tr.
1. to indicate,2 to suggest.
sUvr /su.v\r/ <suu.v\.r\> neut. pig.
sUic /su.ci/ <suu.ci> fem. list.
sUict /su.cit/ <suu.ci.t\> adj. 1.
suggested, 2. indicated.
sUjvu& /suГ”.vu~/ <suu.Г”\.vu~> v.intr. 1. to
swell, 2. to be swollen.
sUz /suГ”Л™/ <suu.Г”h\> fem. deeper
understanding.
sUtk /su.t\k/ <suu.t\.k\> neut.
ceremonial untouchablility observed
after a death of a family member.
sUvu& /su.vu~/ <suu.vu~> v.intr. to sleep.
sU&3vu& /suЛњg.vu~/ <suu~.gh\.vu~> v.tr. to
smell.
sU&5 /su~Л‡Л™/ <suu~.Л‡h\> fem. dry ginger.
sU&7 /su~ГЋЛ™/ <suu~.ГЋh\> fem. trunk.
s<iQ4 /sruß.ˇi/ <sr≤.s°ˇi> fem. the universe.
sena /se.na/ <se.na> fem. army.
sevk /se.v\k/ <se.v\.k\> masc. servant.
seva /se.va/ <se.va> fem. service.
227
sevacakrI /se.va.cak.ri/ <se.va.ca.k\.rii>
fem. nursing.
se&k6o /sВґ~k.ГЋo/ <se~.k\.ГЋo> masc. a
hundred.
sonerI /so.ne.ri/ <so.ne.rii> adj. golden.
soparI /so.pa.ri/ <so.pa.rii> fem. betel
nut.
sobt /so.b\t/ <so.b\.t\> fem. company.
se&9I /sВґ~.tЛ™i/ <se~.thii> fem. line formed
by the parting of hair on two sides.
sE)0aiNtk /s\i.dЛ™an.tik/
<s\i.dhdha.nti.k\> adj. theoretical.
somvar /som.var/ <so.m\.va.r\> masc.
Monday.
soml /so.m\l/ <so.m\.l\> masc.
extreme poisonous object.
sEink /s\i.nik/ <s\i.ni.k\> masc. soldier.
soy /soj/ <so.j\> fem. a needle.
sENy /s\i.nj\/ <s\i.nj\> neut. army.
so /sГё/ <so> adj. hundred.
soyo /so.jo/ <so.jo> masc. a large and
thick needle.
sogn /so.g\n/ <so.g\.n\> masc. an
oath.
sohag /so.hag/ <so.ha.g\> masc. welladorned.
sogat /so.gat/ <so.ga.t\> fem. gift.
soham8u& /so.ha.m\.ВЇu~/ <so.ha.m\.ВЇu~>
adj. good-looking.
sojo /so.Г”o/ <so.Г”o> masc. swelling.
so4I /so.Л‡i/ <so.Л‡ii> fem. a cane.
so6 /soГЋ/ <so.ГЋ\> fem. a side of the
body.
so6m /so.ГЋ\m/ <so.ГЋ\.m\> fem.
fragrance.
sodagr /so.da.g\r/ <so.da.g\.r\> masc.
a merchant doing large scale business.
sodo /so.do/ <so.do> masc. trade.
sonamhor /so.na.m\.hor/
<so.na.m\.ho.r\> fem. guinea.
sonu& /so.nu~/ <so.nu~> neut. gold.
soX /soÆ/ <so.Æ\> adj. sixteen.
so&3varI /sГё~Лњg.va.ri/ <so~.gh\.va.rii> fem.
cheapness.
so&pvu& /sГё~p.vu~/ <so~.p\.vu~> v.tr. 1. to
hand over. 2. to entrust.
sO /s\u/ <s\u> adj. all.
sOjNy /s\u.Г”\n.j\/ <s\u.Г”\.nj\> neut.
gentlemanliness.
sO-aGy /s\u.bЛ™ag.j\/ <s\u.bha.gj\> neut.
good fortune.
sOr- /s\u.r\bЛ™/ <s\u.r\.bh\> neut.
fragrance.
228
sO&dyR /s\u~.d\r.j\/ <s\u~.d\.rj\> neut.
beauty.
S9avr /stЛ™a.v\r/ <stha.v\.r\> adj.
immovable.
iS9it /stЛ™i.ti/ <sthi.ti> fem. a condition.
S`ln /skЛ™\.l\n/ <skh\.l\.n\> neut. 1.
an error, 2. a mistake.
iS9r /stЛ™ir/ <sthi.r\> adj. immovable.
Stn /st\n/ <st\.n\> masc. female
breast.
Snatk /sna.t\k/ <sna.t\.k\> masc.
graduate.
Str /st\r/ <st\.r\> neut. a layer.
Snan /snan/ <sna.n\> neut. a bath.
Stvn /st\.v\n/ <st\.v\.n\> neut. praise.
Snayu /sne.h\/ <sna.ju> masc. a muscle.
Stuit /stu.ti/ <stu.ti> fem. praise.
Sneh /sneh/ <s> masc. 1. love, 2.
affection.
StuTy /stut.j\/ <stu.tj\> adj.
praiseworthy.
Sto{a /stot.r\/ <sto.tr\> neut. a hymn of
praise.
S{aI /stri/ <strii> fem. a woman.
S{aE8 /str\i.ВЇ\/ <stri.ВЇ\> adj. womanly.
S9pit /stЛ™\.p\.ti/ <sth\.p\.ti> masc. an
architect.
S9X /stЛ™\Г†/ <sth\.Г†\> neut. 1. a place, 2.
a location.
S9aink /stЛ™a.nik/ <stha.ni.k\> adj. local.
S9apk /stЛ™a.p\k/ <stha.p\.k\> adj.
founder.
S9apTy /stЛ™a.p\t.j\/ <stha.p\.tj\> neut.
1. sculpture, 2. architecture.
Sp0aR /sp\r.dЛ™a/ <sne.h\> fem.
competition.
Sp=R /sp\r.Гџ\/ <sp\.rГџ\> masc. touch.
SpQ4 /sp\Гџ.Л‡\/ <sp\.sВ°Л‡\> adj. 1. clear, 2.
plain.
Sf4Ik /spЛ™\.Л‡ik/ <sph\.Л‡ii.k\> masc.
crystal.
Smr8 /sm\.r\ВЇ/ <sm\.r\.ВЇ\> neut.
recollection.
Smrvu& /sm\r.vu~/ <sm\.r\.vu~> v.tr. to
remember.
Sm=an /Гџm\.Гџan/ <sm\.Гџa.n\> neut.
funeral place.
Smark /sma.r\k/ <sma.r\.k\> neut. 1. a
monument, 2. a memorial.
iSmt /smit/ <smi.t\> neut. smile.
S9ayI /stЛ™a.ji/ <stha.jii> adj. stable.
Sm<it /smru.ti/ <smr≤.ti> fem. Hindu
scriptures.
229
Sm<it /smru.ti/ <smr≤.ti> fem. memory.
Sv. /sv\/ <sv\.> adj. a short form of
SvgRS9, deceased.
SvgRS9 /sv\r.g\s.tЛ™\/ <sv\.rg\.sth\> adj.
deceased.
SvC2 /sv\c.cЛ™\/ <sv\.cch\> adj. clean.
Svjn /sv\.Г”\n/ <sv\.Г”\.n\> masc. a
relative.
Svt&{a /sv\.t\n.tr\/ <sv\.t\~.tr\> adj.
free.
Svt&{ata /sv\.t\n.tr\.ta/ <sv\.t\~.tr\.ta>
fem. freedom.
Svde= /sv\.deГџ/ <sv\.de.Гџ\> masc. 1.
motherland, 2. native land.
Svraj /sv\.raГ”/ <sv\.ra.Г”\> neut. selfgovernment.
SvВЈp /sv\.rup/ <sv\.ruu.p\> neut. 1.
shape, 2. form.
SvgR /sv\r.g\/ <sv\.rg\> neut. heaven.
SvgRvasI /sv\r.g\.va.si/ <sv\.rg\.va.sii>
adj. deceased.
SvgRS9 /sv\r.g\.stЛ™\/ <sv\.rg\.sth\> adj.
deceased.
SvgIRy /sv\r.gi.j\/ <sv\.rgii.j\> adj.
deceased.
SvamI /sva.mi/ <sva.mii> masc. 1.
husband, 2. lord, 3. master, 4. owner.
Sva9R /svar.tЛ™\/ <sva.rth\> masc. selfinterest.
Svde=ai-man /sv\.de.Гџa.bЛ™i.man/
<sv\.de.Гџa.bhi.ma.n\> neut.
patriotism.
SvaS(y /svas.tЛ™j\/ <sva.sthj\> neut.
health.
Svde=ai-manI /sv\.de.Гџa.bЛ™i.ma.ni/
<sv\.de.Гџa.bhi.ma.nii> neut. patriotic.
SvIkar /svi.kar/ <svii.ka.r\> masc. 1.
recognition, 2. acceptance.
Svde=I /sv\.de.Гџi/ <sv\.de.Гџii> adj. of
one’s own country.
SvIkayR /svi.kar.j\/ <svii.ka.rj\> adj.
acceptable.
SvPn /sv\p.n\/ <sve.pn\> neut. a
dream.
H
Sv-av /sv\.bЛ™av/ <sv\.bha.v\> masc.
nature.
hk /h\k/ <h\.k\> masc. 1. right, 2.
claim.
Svman /sv\.man/ <sv\.ma.n\> neut.
self-respect.
hkar /h\.kar/ <h\.ka.r\> masc.
affirmation.
Svr /sv\r/ <sv\.r\> masc. voice.
230
hkIkt /h\.ki.k\t/ <h\.kii.k\.t\> fem. a
fact.
hkIm /h\.kim/ <h\.kii.m\> masc. a
physician.
hcmcvu& /h\c.m\c.vu~/ <h\.c\.m\.c\.vu~>
v.intr. to become unsteady.
hj /h\Г”/ <h\Г”> fem. pilgrimage to
Mecca.
hjam /h\.Г”am/ <h\.Г”a.m\> masc. a
barber.
h8vu& /h\ВЇ.vu~/ <h\.ВЇ\.vu~> v.tr. to kill.
hta= /h\.taГџ/ <h\.t.aГџ\> adj.
disappointed.
hTya /h\t.ja/ <h\.tja> fem. 1. an
assassination, 2. a massacre.
hTyaro /h\t.ja.ro/ <h\.tja.ro> masc. an
assassin.
hi9yar /h\.tЛ™i.jar/ <h\.Л‡hi.ja.r\> neut. a
weapon.
h9eXI /h\.tЛ™e.Г†i/ <h\.Л‡he.Г†ii> fem. palm.
hjar /h\.Г”ar/ <h\.Г”a.r\> adj. thousand.
h9o4I /h\.tЛ™o.Л‡i/ <h\.Л‡ho.Л‡ii> fem. skill.
[email protected] /h\.Г”i/ <h\.Г”ii> advb. 1. yet, .2 even
now.
h9o6I /h\.tЛ™o.ГЋi/ <h> fem. a hammer.
hju /h\.Г”u/ <h\.Г”u> advb. 1. yet, 2. even
now.
hd /h\d/ <h\.d\> fem. boundary.
h5 /h\Л‡Л™/ <h\.Л‡h\> fem. stubbornness.
hm8a& /h\m.ВЇa~/ <h\.m\.ВЇa~> advb. 1.
now, 2. presently.
h5vu& /h\Л‡Л™.vu~/ <h\.Л‡h\.vu~> v.intr. to
move away.
h6kva /h\.ГЋ\k.va/ <h\.ГЋ\.k\.va> masc.
rabies.
h6tal /h\ГЋ.tal/ <h\.ГЋ\.ta.l\> fem. a
strike.
hD0Ut /h\ГЋ.dЛ™ut/ <h\.ГЋ\.dhuu.t\> adj.
insulted or condemned everywhere.
h6pcI /h\ГЋ.p\.ci/ <h\.ГЋ\.p\.cii> fem.
the chin.
h6selvu& /h\ГЋ.sel.vu~/ <h\.ГЋ\.se.l\.vu~>
v.tr. to push away.
hmddIR /h\m.d\r.di/ <h\.m\.d\.rdi>
fem. sympathy.
hmal /h\.mal/ <h\.ma.l\> masc. a
porter.
hme= /h\.meГџ/ <h\.me.Гџ\> advb.
always.
hyat /h\.jat/ <h\.ja.t\> adj. living.
hrkt /h\r.k\t/ <h\.r\.k\.t\> fem.
obstruction.
hr` /h\.r\kЛ™/ <h\.r\.kh\> masc. joy.
hrigj /h\r.giГ”/ <h\.r\.gi.Г”\> advb. 1.
(not) at all, 2. (not) ever.
231
hr36I /h\r.gЛ™\.ГЋi/ <h\.r\.gh\.ГЋii> advb.
every moment.
hlncln /h\.l\n.c\.l\n/
<h\.l\.n\.c\.l\.n\> fem. movement.
hr8 /h\.r\ВЇ/ <h\.r\.ВЇ\> neut. a deer.
hlvo /h\l.vo/ <h\.l\.vo> masc. a sweet.
hrtu&frtu& /h\r.tu~.pЛ™\r.tu~/
<h\.r\.tu~.ph\.r\.tu~> adj. healthy.
hlavvu& /h\.lav.vu~/ <h\.la.v\.vu~> v.tr. 1.
to stir 2. to shake.
hrs /h\.r\s/ <h\.r\.s\> masc. piles.
hlesu& /h\.le.su~/ <h\.le.su~> neut. an oar.
[email protected] /h\.ra.Г”i/ <h\.ra.Г”ii> fem. auction.
hvn /h\.v\n/ <h\.v\.n\> neut. a
ceremonial sacrifice.
hram`or /h\.ram.kЛ™or/
<h\.ra.m\.kho.r\> adj. wicked.
hva /h\.va/ <h\.va> fem. air.
hrayu& /h\.ra.ju~/ <h\.ra.ju~> adj. 1.
ownerless (cattles etc.), 2. strayed.
hvaman /h\.va.man/ <h\.va.ma.n\>
neut. 1. climate, 2. weather.
hir /h\.ri/ <h\.rii> masc. Lord Vishnu.
hvaldar /h\.val.dar/ <h\.va.l\.da.r\>
masc. a police constable.
hiryaXI /h\.ri.ja.Г†i/ <h\.ri.ja.Г†ii> fem.
greenery.
hvalo /h\.va.lo/ <h\.va.lo> masc. 1.
possession, 2. reference.
hirhr /h\.ri.h\r/ <h\.ri.h\.r\> masc.
Lord Vishnu and Lord Shiva.
hve /h\.ve/ <h\.ve> advb. now.
hrIf /h\.riЛ™p/ <h\.rii.ph\> masc.
competitor.
hve9I /h\.ve.tЛ™i/ <h\.ve.thii> advb. 1.
henceforth, 2. now onward, 3. hereafter.
hrIfa: /h\.ri.pЛ™a.i/ <h\.ri.pha.ii> fem.
competition.
hvelI /h\.ve.li/ <h\.ve.lii> fem. 1. a big,
majestic building, 2. a Vaishnava
temple.
hrek /h\.rek/ <h\.re.k\> advb. 1. each,
2. every one.
hroX /h\.roÆ/ <h\.ro.Æ\> fem. a row.
hlka: /h\l.kai/ <h\l.ka.ii> fem.
meanness.
hlku& /h\l.ku~/ <h\.l\.ku~> adj. light.
h=e /h\.Гџe/ <h\.Гџe> advb. 1. never mind,
2. let it be, 3. it does not matter (to me).
hsvu& /h\s.vu~/ <h\.s\.vu~> v.intr. to
laugh.
hsam8u& /h\.sa.m\.ВЇu~/ <h\.sa.m\.ВЇu~>
adj. that which provokes laughter.
232
hStkXa /h\s.t\.k\.Г†a/ <h\.st\.k\.Г†a> fem.
handicraft.
h&s /h\ms/ <h\~.s\> masc. swan.
ha /ha/ <ha> advb. yes.
hStxep /h\s.t\.kГџep/ <h\.st\.kГџe.p\>
masc. undue interference.
St0Unn /h\s.t\.dЛ™u.n\n/
<h\.st\.dhuu.n\.n\> neut. a handshake.
hStp/t /h\s.t\.pr\t/ <h\.st\.pr\.t\> fem.
manuscript.
hStmeXap /h\s.t\.me.Г†ap/ <h\.st\.pr\.t\>
masc. the act of joining hands of bride
and bridegroom in a marriage ceremony.
hStaxr /h\s.ta.kГџ\r/ <h\.sta.kГџ\.r\>
masc. 1. hand writing, 2. signature..
hak /hak/ <ha.k\> fem. a shout.
hajr /ha.Г”\r/ <ha.Г”\.r\> adj. present.
hajrjvabI /ha.Г”\r.Г”\.va.bi/
<ha.Г”\.r\.Г”\.va.bii> adj. quick-witted.
hajrI /haГ”.ri/ <ha.Г”\.rii> fem. presence.
ha6ku& /haГЋ.ku~/ <ha.ГЋ\.ku~> neut. a bone.
ha6vEd /haГЋ.v\id/ <ha.ГЋ\.v\i.d\> masc.
a bone-setter.
hX /h\Г†/ <h\.Г†\> neut. a plough.
ha6marI /haГЋ.ma.ri/ <ha.[a.ma.rii> fem.
difficulties.
hXdr /h\Г†.d\r/ <h\.Г†\.d\.r\> fem.
turmeric.
ha6oha6 /ha.ГЋo.haГЋ/ <ha.ГЋo.ha.ГЋ\>
advb. 1. up to the bone, 2. affecting very
deeply.
hXvu& /h\Г†.vu~/ <h\.Г†\.vu~> adj. light.
ha9 /hatЛ™/ <ha.th\> masc. hand.
hXve /h\Г†.ve/ <h\.Г†\.ve> advb. slowly.
ha9k6I /hatЛ™.k\.ГЋi/ <ha.th\.k\.ГЋii> fem.
handcuffs.
hXve9I /h\Г†.ve.tЛ™i/ <h\.Г†\.ve.thi> advb.
1. slowly, 2. gently.
h&karvu& /h\Лњ.kar.vu~/ <h\~.ka.r\.vu~> v.tr.
1. to drive, 2. to sail.
h&gamI /h\Лњ.ga.mi/ <h\~.ga.mii> adj.
temporary.
ha9calakI /hatЛ™.ca.la.ki/
<ha.th\.ca.la.kii> fem. jugglery.
ha98I /hatЛ™.ВЇi/ <ha.th\.ВЇii> fem. female
elephant.
ha9I /ha.tЛ™i/ <ha.thii> masc. elephant.
h&me= /h\m.meГџ/ <h\~.me.Гџ\> advb.
always.
ha9o /ha.tЛ™o/ <ha.tho> masc. handle.
h&me=a& /h\m.meГџ/ <h\~.me.Гџa~> advb.
always.
ha9oha9 /ha.tЛ™o.hatЛ™/ <ha.tho.ha.th\>
advb. a handle.
233
ha na /ha na/ <ha na> fem. hesitation.
ha&ja /ha~.Г”a/ <ha~.Г”a> masc. pl. the joints
of the body.
hain /ha.ni/ <ha.ni> fem. damage.
ha&f /ha~pЛ™/ <ha~.ph\> fem. panting.
hainktaR /ha.ni.k\r.ta/ <ha.ni.k\.rta> adj.
damaging.
har /har/ <ha.r\> masc. 1. garland, 2.
necklace.
ha&fvu& /ha~pЛ™.vu~/ <ha~.ph\.vu~> v.intr. to
pant for breath.
ha&isyo /ha~s.(i)jo/ <ha~.si.jo> masc. a
margin.
har /har/ <ha.r\> fem. defeat.
harvu& /har.vu~/ <ha.r\.vu~> v.intr. to be
defeated.
hal /hal/ <ha.l\> masc. 1. condition, 2.
circumstances.
halk6olk /hal\k.ГЋo.l\k/
<ha.l\.k\.ГЋo.l\.k\> advb. unsteady.
halcal /hal.cal/ <ha.l\.ca.l\> masc.
condition.
halt /ha.l\t/ <ha.l\.t\> fem. 1.
condition, 2. circumstances.
halvu& /hal.vu~/ <ha.l\.vu~> v.intr. to
move.
ha= /haГџ/ <ha.Гџ\> interjection. shows a
sense of ease or gratification.
ha&sI /ha~.si/ <ha~.sii> fem. 1. a jest, 2. a
joking.
ihckaru& /hic.ka.ru~/ <hi.c\.ka.ru~> neut.
cowardly.
ihjravu& /hiГ”.ra.vu~/ <hi.Г”\.ra.vu~> v.intr. to
languish in someone’s memory.
iht /hit/ <hi.t\> neut. welfare.
ihteC2u /hi.tec.cЛ™u/ <hi.te.cchu> adj. and
masc. a wel-wisher.
ihna /hi.na/ <hi.na> fem. myrtle.
ihm /him/ <hi.m\> masc. frost.
ihlcal /hil.cal/ <hi.l\.ca.l\> fem. 1.
movement, 2. activities.
haSy /has.j\/ <ha.sj\> neut. smile.
ihsab /hi.sab/ <hi.sa.b\> masc. 1.
account, .2 calculation.
haSyaSpd /has.ja.p\d/ <ha.sja.sp\.d\>
adj. rediculous.
ihsabnI= /hi.sab.niГџ/ <hi.ha.b\.nii.Гџ\>
masc. accountant.
hahakr /ha.ha.kar/ <ha.ha.ka.r\> masc.
widespread feeling of sorrow or terror.
ihSso /his.so/ <hi.sso> masc. a share.
ha&kvu& /ha~k.vu~/ <ha~.k\.vu~> v.tr. to drive.
ih&g /hiЛњ.g\/ <hi~.g\> fem. asafetida.
234
ih&mt /him.m\t/ <hi~.m\.t\> fem.
courage.
hU&f /hu~pЛ™/ <huu~.ph\> fem. warmth.
В®dy /r\.d\j/ <hr\.d\.j\> neut. heart.
ih&sk /him.s\k/ <hi~.s\.k\> adj. violent.
ih&sa /him.sa/ <hi~.sa> fem. violence.
hIj6o /hiГ”.ГЋo/ <hii.Г”\.ГЋo> masc.
eunuch.
hIbkvu& /hi.b\k.vu~/ <hii.b\.k\.vu~> v.intr.
to sob.
hIbku& /hib.ku~/ <hii.b\.ku~> neut. a sob.
hIro /hi.ro/ <hii.ro> masc. diamond.
hI&cvu& /hi~c.vu~/ <hii~.c\.vu~> v.intr. to
swing (oneself).
hukm /hu.k\m/ <huu.k\.m\> masc. an
order.
hukko /huk.ko/ <hu.kko> masc. a
smoking pipe.
humlo /hum.lo/ <hu.m\.lo> masc. an
attack.
huLl6 /hul.l\ГЋ/ <hu.ll\.ГЋ\> neut. a riot.
В®dyВ±avk /r\.d\j.dra.v\k/
<hr\.d\.j\.dra.v\.k\> adj. stronly
affecting to the heart.
В®dypirvtRn /r\.d\j.p\.ri.v\r.t\n/
<hr\.d\.j\.p\.ri.v\.rt\.n\> neut. a
change of heart.
В®dy=UNy /r\.d\j.Гџun.j\/ <hr\.d\.j\.Гџu.nj\>
adj. feelingless.
het /het/ <he.t\> neut. 1. affection, 2.
love.
hetu /he.tu/ <he.tu> masc. 1. motive, 2.
intention.
herangit /he.ran,g\.ti/ <he.ra.n\.g\.ti>
fem. 1. trouble, 2. difficulty.
helI /he.li/ <he.lii> fem. heavy rain.
hevainyt /he.va.ni.j\t/ <he.va.ni.j\.t\>
fem. 1. brutality, 2. cruelty.
heval /he.val/ <h> masc. an account.
hu& /hu~/ <hu~> pron. I, first person
singular.
hUko /hu.ko/ <huu.ko> masc. a smoking
pipe.
hU&i6yam8 /hu~.ГЋi.ja.m\ВЇ/
<huu~.ГЋi.ja.m\.ВЇ\> neut. rate of
exchange.
heisyt /hes.j\t/ <he.si.j\.t\> fem.
capacity.
hoj /hiГ”/ <ho.Г”\> masc. a water
reservoir.
hojrI /hoГ”.ri/ <ho.Г”\.rii> fem. stomach.
ho5 /hoˇ˙/ <ho.ˇh\> masc. a lip.
hU&6I /hu~ВЇ.ГЋi/ <huu~.ГЋii> fem. a bill of
exchange.
ho6I /ho.ГЋi/ <ho.ГЋii> fem. a boat.
235
hoВҐo /hod.do/ <ho.ddo> masc. 1. a
rank. 2. a position.
xmapa{a /kГџ\.ma.pat.r\/ <kГџ\/ma.pa.tr\>
adj. forgivable.
honhar /hon.har/ <ho.n\.ha.r\> adj.
promising.
xy /kГџ\.j\/ <kГџ\.j\> masc. .tuberculosis.
honart /ho.na.r\t/ <ho.na.r\.t\> fem. a
big accident.
hom /hom/ <ho.m\> masc. a ceremonial
sacrifice.
xar /kГџar/ <kГџa.r\> adj. 1. saltiest, 2.
saline.
ixitj /kГџi.tiГ”/ <kГџi.ti.Г”\> fem. the
horizon.
xe{a /kГџet.r\/ <kГџe.tr\> neut. a place.
holo /ho.lo/ <ho.lo> masc. a dove\line
bird.
hovu& /ho.vu~/ <ho.vu~> v.intr. 1. to be, 2.
to take place.
hoi=yar /ho.Гџi.jar/ <ho.Гџi.ja.r\> adj. 1.
clever, 2. brillient.
xe{afX /kГџet.r\.pЛ™\Г†/ <kГџe.tr\.ph\.Г†\>
neut. area
xo- /kГџobЛ™/ <kГџo.bh\> masc. hesitation
arising from bashfulness.
}a
hoi=yarI /ho.Гџi.ja.ri/ <ho.Гџi.ja.rii> fem. 1.
cleverness, 2. intelligence.
}aait /gnja.ti/ <gna.ti> fem. a caste.
hoha /ho.ha/ <ho.ha> fem. uproar.
}aan /gnan/ <gna.n\> neut. knowledge.
hoXI /ho.Г†i/ <ho.Г†ii> fem. the Holi
festival.
}aanI /gna.ni/ <gna.nii> adj. intelligent.
x
x8 /kГџ\ВЇ/ <kГџ\.ВЇ\> fem. .a moment.
xit /kГџ\.ti/ <kГџ\.ti> fem. 1. loss, 2.
injury.
xi{ay /kГџ\t.ri.j\/ <kГџ\.tri.j\> masc. a
community so named.
xma /kГџ\.ma/ <kГџ\.ma> fem.
.forgiveness.
236
A Brief Outline of Gujarati Parts-of-Speech
Babu Suthar
[email protected]
(Work in progress)
Department of South Asia Studies
University Of Pennsylvania
820 Williams Hall
36th and Spruce
Philadelphia PA 19104
237
Content
1. Introduction
2. Open class
2.1. Nouns
2.2. Adjective
2.3. Verbs
2.4. Adverbs
3. Closed class
3.1. Pronouns and other Pro-Forms
3.2. Noun adjuncts
3.2.1. Role markers
3.2.1.1 Case markers
3.2.1.2 Postpositions
3.2.2. Quantifiers
3.3. Verb adjuncts
3.3.1. Auxiliaries
3.3.1.1.
Simple auxiliaries
3.3.1.2.
Modal auxiliaries
3.4. Connectives
3.4.1. Coordinating connectives
3.4.2. Subordinating connectives
3.4.3. Correlative connectives
3.4.4. Adversative connectives
3.4.5. Explicative connectives
3.4.6. Causal connectives
3.5. Other closed classes
3.5.1. Emphasis markers
3.5.2. Interjections
3.5.3. Negators
3.5.4. Politeness markers
3.5.5. Tag-marks
4. Conclusion
238
1. Introduction
Gujarati words can be divided into: (1) Open class and (2) Closed class. Open class
consists of nouns, verbs, adjectives and adverbs, while closed class consists of pronouns
and other pro-forms, noun adjuncts, verb adjuncts, conjunctions and others.
2. Open Class
2.1 Nouns
Nouns have the following properties:
• gender,
• number
• case.
Genders are three: masculine, feminine and neuter. All three genders are marked
and unmarked. Masculine is marked with -Ao, feminine with -:, and neuter is marked with
Гќw&. Examples:
Nouns with unmarked gender
Masculine
-a:
sap
ha9
pvRt
ivcar
bЛ™ai
sap
hatЛ™
p\rv\t
vicar
'brother'
'serpent'
'hand'
'mountain'
'thought'
Feminine
bhen
-e&s
Aa&`
vel
pX
b\hen
bЛ™Вґ~s
Гё~kЛ™
vel
p\Г†
'sister'
'buffalo'
'eye'
'creeper'
'moment'
Гџ\rir
nak
pЛ™ul
man
m\n
'body'
'nose'
'flower'
'respect'
'organ of desire'
Neuter
=rIr
nak
fUl
man
mn
Nouns with marked gender
Masculine
239
2okro
kUtro
36o
Aa&bo
p9ro
cЛ™okr.o
kutr.o
gЛ™\ГЋo
Гё~bo
p\tЛ™r.o
'boy'
'dog (male)'
'pot'
'mango tree'
'stone'
Feminine
2okrI
kUtrI
ndI
za6I
Aa&gXI
cЛ™okr.i
kutr.i
n\d.i
jЛ™aГЋ.i
ø~gÆ.i
'girl'
'dog (female)'
'river'
'bush'
'finger'
cЛ™okr.u~
kutr.u~
taÆ.u~
mГё~ГЋЛ™.u~
kaВЇ.u~
'child'
'dog'
'lock'
'mouth'
'whole'
Neuter
2okru&
kUtru&
taXu&
mo7u&
ka8u&
Gujarati has many nouns that end in ГќAo and Гќ:, but they are not masculine or
feminine respectively. Most traditional grammars treat them as exception. In fact, they
are not. The ГќAo and Гќ: of these nouns are not gender markers, they are the indivisible part
of their stem, and therefore it is wrong to treate them as gender markers and then list
them as exceptions. Consider 3o and pa8I, for example. Traditional grammars analyzed
them as follow:
Г‹. 3o
gЛ™.o
stem-Gender marker.
'a kind of reptile'
ГЊ. pa8I
paВЇ.i
stem-Gender marker
'water'
As Г‹ and ГЊ show, they treat ГќAo and Гќ: as gender markers, which is not a correct
analysis. The correct analysis is given bellow in ГЌ and ГЋ:
240
ГЌ. 3o
gЛ™o.в€…
stem-Gender marker
'a kind of reptile'
ГЋ. pa8I
paВЇi-в€…
stem-Gender marker
'water'
This analysis shows that 3o and pa8I are nouns with unmarked gender and their -Ao
and -: are not the gender markers.
Numbers are two: singular and plural. Singular is unmarked, while plural is
marked with ГќAo. Examples:
Singular
Plural
2okro
2okrI
idvs
ma8s
2okraAo
2okrIAo
idvso
ma8so
cЛ™okr.o
cЛ™okr.i
div\s
maВЇ\s
cЛ™okra.o
cЛ™okr.i.o
div\s.o
maВЇ\s.o
'boys'
'girls'
'days'
'men'
Case markers are в€… (nominative), -e (agentive/ergative), -в€… or -ne (accusative/
absolutive), -ne (dative/experiencer), -thi or -e (instrumental), -nu~ (genitive), and
-ma~ (locative). Consider the following paradigm:
Nominative
Agentive/Ergative
Accusative/Absolutive
Dative/Experiencer
Locative
2okro
2okraAe
2okro
2okrane
2okrane
2okrama&
cЛ™okrro.в€…
cЛ™okra.e
cЛ™okrro.в€…
cЛ™okrra.ne
cЛ™okra.ne
cЛ™okra.ma~
Genitive case inflects for gender and number as the following paradigm shows:
Singular
Plural
Masculine
2okrano
cЛ™okra.no
2okrana
cЛ™okra.no
Feminine
2okranI
cЛ™okra.ni
2okranI
cЛ™okra.ni
241
Neuter
2okranu&
cЛ™okra.nu~
2okrana&
cЛ™okra.na~
2.2 Adjectives
Gujarati adjectives fall into two categories: (1) variable and (2) invariable. Variable
adjectives vary in terms of the gender and number of the nouns they modify, whereas the
invariable adjectives do not vary. Consider the examples of saru& and su&dr, variable and
invariable adjectives respectively.
Г‰. saro
sar-o
good-MSASC.SG
'a good boy'
2okro
cЛ™okr-o
boy-MASC.SG.
ГЉ. sarI
sar-i
good-FEM.SG
'a good girl'
2okrI
cЛ™okr-i
boy-FEM.SG.
Г‹. saru&
sar-u~
good-NEUT.SG
'a good child'
2okru&
cЛ™okr-u~
boy-NEUT.SG.
ГЊ. sara
sar-a
good-MSASC.PL
'good boys'
2okraAo
cЛ™okr-a-o
boy-MASC.PL.
ГЌ. sarI
sar-i
good-FEM.
'a good girl'
2okrIAo
cЛ™okr-i-o
boy-FEM.PL.
ГЋ. sara&
sar-a~
good-NEUT.PL.
'a good child'
2okra&Ao
cЛ™okr-a~-o
boy-NEUT.PL.
In Г‰ - ГЋ the adjective saru& varies in terms of the gender of the noun it modifies. For
example, in Г‰, the noun is masculine and singular therefore the adjective saru& agrees with
the noun in masculine and singular. In ГЉ the noun is feminine and singular and therefore
the adjective is also feminine and singular and so on. In ГЌ, however, the noun is feminine
and plural the adjective does not show a plural marker. We can say that adjectives in
Gujarati remain unaffected in number when the noun they modify is feminine and plural.
Now consider the example of su&dr an invariable adjective:
242
ГЏ. su&dr
2okro
sundar
chhokr-o
beautiful
boy-MASC.SG.
'a beautiful boy'
Гђ. su&dr
2okrI
sunder
chhokr-i
beautiful
boy-FEM.SG.
'a beautiful girl'
Г‘. su&dr
2okru&
beautiful
chhokr-uN
beautiful
boy-NEUT.SG.
'a beautiful child'
ÉÈ. su&dr
2okraAo
sundar
chhokr-a-o
good
boy-MASC.PL.
'beautiful boys'
ÉÉ. su&dr
2okrIAo
sunder
chhokr-i-o
beautiful
boy-FEM.PL.
'a beautiful girl'
ÉÊ. su&dr
2okra&Ao
sundar
chhokr-aN-o
beautiful
boy-NEUT.PL.
'beautiful child'
In Ï - ÉÊ, su&dr is an invariable adjective and therefore it does not agree with the noun it
modifies.
2.3 Verbs
Gujarati verbs (non-inflected) have the following structure: verb stem + infinitive.
Example:
Г‰. hsvu&
h\s-vu~
verb stem + infinitive
'to laugh'
ГЉ. r6vu&
r\ГЋ-vu~
verb stem + infinitive
243
'to cry'
A verb root may be intransitive, transitive or double transitive. It may be also simple or
causative. Г‰ and ГЉ are the examples of intransitive root. Г‹ - ГЊ and ГЌ- ГЋ are the examples of
transitive and double transitive roots respectively.
Г‹. kapvu&
kap-vu~
verb stem + infinitive
'to cut'
ГЊ. pIvu&
pi-vu~
verb stem + infinitive
'to drink'
ГЌ. Aapvu&
ap-vu~
verb stem + infinitive
'to give'
ГЋ. moklvu&
mok\l-vu~
verb stem + infinitive
'to send'
Г‰ to ГЋ are also the examples of simple verbs, while ГЏГќ Гђ bellow are the examples of
causative verbs. These are the verbs that are derived from simple verbs.
ГЏ. hsavvu&
h\s.av.-vu~
verb stem +CAUS1+ INFINITIVE
'to make someone laugh'
Гђ. hsav6avvu&
has.av.ГЋav-vu~
verb stem + CAUS1 + CAUS2 + INFINITIVE
'to make someone laugh through some another person'
Gujarati inflected verbs have the following pattern: verb stem + inflectional material.
Inflectional material may consists of various features such as tense, person,
gender and number. Following table summaries some of the major inflections for the verb
hsvu&Е Present (verb stem + tense, person, number)
Singular
Plural
244
First Person
hsu&
h\s.u~
hsIAe
h\si.ie
Second Person
hse
h\s.e
hso
h\s.o
Third Person
hse
h\s.e
hse
h\s.e
Future (verb stem + tense, person, number)
Singular
Plural
First Person
hsI=
h\s.iГџ
hsI=u&
h\s.iГџu~
Second Person
hs=e
h\s.Гџe
hs=o
h\s.Гџo
Third Person
hs=e
h\s.Гџe
hs=e
h\s.Гџe
Past Progressive (verb stem + progressive marker + gender, number)
Singular
Plural
Masculine
hsto
h\s.t.o
hsta
h\s.t.a
Feminine
hstI
h\s.t.i
hstI
h\s.t.i
Neuter
hstu&
h\s.t.u~
hsta&
h\s.t.a~
Past Perfective (verb stem + perfective + gender, number)
Singular
Plural
Masculine
hSyo
h\s.y.o
hSya
h\s.y.a
Feminine
hsI
h\s.y.i
HsI
h\s.y.i
245
Neuter
hSyu&
h\s.y.u~
hSya&
h\s.y.a~
Past Plu-perfective (verb stem + pluperfect marker + gender and number)
Singular
Plural
Masculine
hselo
h\s.el.o
hsela
h\s.el.a
Feminine
hselI
h\s.el.i
hselI
h\s.el.i
Neuter
hselu&
h\s.el.u~
hsela&
h\s.el.a~
Verbs also inflect for imperative (present and future), desiderative, obligatory,
conditional, and infinitive constructions. Examples:
Imperative
Present
Second Person
Singular
Plural/Hon.
rm
`av
rmo
`aAo
r\m
kЛ™av
r\m.o
kЛ™ao
'play'
'eat'
Third Person
rmje (future)
Desiderative rmvu&
Obligatory
rmvanu&
Conditional rmt
Infinitive
rmvu&
Excluding desiderative, all verb forms inflect for gender and number. However,
conditional verb forms inflect optionally.
2.4 Adverbs
Like adjective, adverbs are also variable and non-variable in Gujarati. Variable adverbs
agree with the noun with which the verb agrees. There are various types of adverbs.
Some of them are adverb of time, adverb of place, adverb of manner, adverb of order,
246
adverb of quantity, adverb of doubt, adverb of frequency, adverb of negative and
connecting adverbs.
Time
Aaje
kale
prmidvse
svare
bpore
sa&je...
etc.
aje
'today'
kale
'tomorrow'
p\r\m divse 'day after or
day before tomorrow.'
s\vare
'in morning'
b\pore
'at noon, in the
afternoon'
sa~je
'in evening'
Place
AhI&
Tya&
[email protected]
pase
dUr9I
etc.
\hi~
tya~
n\jik.tЛ™i
pase
dur.tЛ™i
'here'
'there'
'from near'
'near'
'from a distance'
Вґ~m
jВґ~m
tВґ~m
jВґ~m tВґ~m
pЛ™\Л‡apЛ™\Л‡
dЛ™\ГЋaГЋЛ™\ГЋ
\can\k
ekaek
'in that way'
�as’
�in that manner’
’by hook or crook'
�one after the other’
�one after the other’
�accidently’
�suddenly’
p\helu~
p\cЛ™itЛ™i
akЛ™\re
\gautЛ™i
badma~
�first, before’
�later, after’
�finally, at last’
�in advance’
�afterward’
Manner
Aem
jem
tem
jem tem
f4af4
06a06
Acank
AekaAek
Order
phelu&
p2I9I
Aa`re
Agaw9I
badma&
247
A&te
\nte
�finally, at the end’
gЛ™\ВЇu~
tЛ™oГЋu~
pur.tu~
b\rob\r
Л‡\koЕ \k
�plenty, much, many’
�small, less’
�sufficient’
�equal’
�full’
k\dac
k\dacit
moˇe b˙age
gЛ™\ВЇu~kЛ™\ru~
kjarek
�perhaps’
�hardly’
�mostly’
�mainly’
�sometime’
roj
kjarek
\varn\var
var\mvar
�everyday’
�sometime’
�frequently’
�repeatdly’
ma
na
n\hi~
�not’ (colloquial)
�not’
�not’
p\ВЇ
p\riВЇame
v\dЛ™uma~
jo ke
t\dupra~t
�but’
�as a result, consequently’
�in addition’
�however’
�morover’
Quantity
08u&
9o6u&
pUrtu&
brobr
4ko4k
Doubt
kdac
kdaict
mo4e -age
38u&`ru&
kyarek
Frequency
roj
kyarek
Avarnvar
var&var
Negative
ma
na
nhI&
Connecting
p8
pir8ame
v0uma&
joke
td\wpra&t
3. Closed class
3.1 Pronouns and other Pro-forms
Personal Pronouns
248
Gujarati personal pronouns differentiate three persons (first, second and third) and two
numbers (singular, plural). They have also inclusive and exclusive contrast in third person
plural. In addition, their second person plural form is also used as honorific.
Following table summarize regular and agentive pronouns:
Singular
Plural
Fist Person
hu&
Ame
Aap8e
tme
teAo
Second Person tu&
Third Person
te
(Exclusive)
(Inclusive)
Personal pronouns take various cases, which include nominative, ergative,
accusative/ dative, genitive and locative and instrumental. From these genitive forms
distinguish among three genders and two numbers. Following table summaries their
forms:
1st.sg 1st.pl 2nd.sg 2nd.pl 3rd.sg 3rd.pl
---------------------------------------------------------------------------Nominative
hu&
Ame
Aap8e
tu&
tme
te
teAo
Ergative
me&
Ame
Aap8e
te&
tme
te8e
teAoAe
tem8e
Accusative
mne
Amne tne
Aap8ne
tmne
tene
teAone
temne
Locative
marama&
Amarama& tarama&
Aap8ama&
Amara9I tara9I
Aap8a9I
tmarama& tenama&
Amaro taro
Aap8o
tmaro
teno
teAono
temno
Fem. marI
AmarI tarI
Aap8I
tmarI
tenI
teAonI
temnI
Neut. maru&
Amaru&
Aap8u&
tmaru&
tenu&
teAonu&
temnu&
Instrumental mara9I
Genitive
Masc. maro
Non-personal Pronouns
taru&
tmara9I tena9I
teAonama&
temnama&
teAo9I
temna9I
249
Gujarati non-personal pronouns include demonstrative pronouns, interrogative pronouns,
relative pronouns, indefinite pronouns and reflexive pronouns.
Demonstrative Pronouns
Aa, pelu& and te / Ae are the demonstrative pronouns. From these pel&u is variable. Aa is the
near demonstrative pronoun, pelu& is the far demonstrative pronoun, while te / Ae are deictic
pronouns.
Interrogative Pronouns
Interrogative pronouns are =u& and ko8. From these =u& is variable. We use =u& to ask
question about non-human things, while ko8 to ask question about humans.
Relative Pronouns
Relative pronouns are je......te. These pronouns are used to connect two sentences.
Indefinite Pronouns
ko:, ka&:/ k&: and k=u& are the Indefinite pronouns. ko: used for human, while k&:k/ ka&:k
and k=u&k are used for non-human. From these pronouns, k=u& is variable.
Reflexive Pronouns
pote is the Reflexive pronoun.
In addition to these, Gujarati has also distributive pronouns (je je, te te, ko8 ko8, =u& =u&
etc.), reciprocal pronouns (prSprSpr, ANyoNy, Arsprs), indefinite pronouns (Amuktmuk, fla8u7& I&k8u,&
k&:k etc.).
Non-personal pronouns also inflect for ergative, accusative/dative, locative,
genitive and instrumental cases.
3.2 Noun adjuncts
3.2.1 Role markers
Case markers and postpositions are the role markers in Gujarati.
3.2.1.1 Case markers
Gujarati nouns distinguish seven types of cases: subjective, ergative, objective/dative,
agential, ablative, genitive, locative and vocative. From these, genitive inflects for gender
and number of the noun it takes. Following table summarizes the case markers:
Nominative 2okro
2okro AaVyo.
-в€…
-Ae
Ergative
2okraAe
2okraAe kerI kapI.
Objective
2okrane
rme=e 2okrane mayoR.
-ne
-ne
Dative
2okrane
rme=e 2okrane kerI AapI.
Experiencer 2okrane
2okrane p(9r vaGyo.
-ne
Ablative
bgIca9I
maru& 3r bgIca9I 9o6ek j dUr 2e.
-9I
Instrumental rme=9I
rme=9I bhu& kam 9tu& n9I.
-9I
Genitive
2okrano
2okrano kagX
-no, -nI, -nu&, etc.
2okraAono kagX
etc.
Locative
3re
rme= ATyare 3re j h=e.
-Ae
-ma&
bgIcama&
rme= ATyare bgIcama& h=e.
Vocative
he 2okra
he 2okra, AhI& Aav.
-в€…
3.2.1.2 Postpositions
Gujarati postpositions fall in two classes: invariant and variant. The variant postpositions
agree with noun in gender and number. Examples:
250
Invariant postpositions:
trf, bad, lgI, pEkI, v6e, vgr...
Variant postpositions:
jevo, sr`o...
3.2.2 Quantifiers
Quantifiers are the words that refers to quantity. Following are some of the Gujarati
quantifiers:
1. Г€ %, ГЌ%, ГЋ%.....
2. Г‰/ГЊ, Г‰/ГЉ, Г‹/ГЊ...
3. Г‰,ГЉ, Г‹, ГЊ, ГЌ...
4. Aek, be, {a8, car, pa&c....
5. Aekad, beAek, {a8ek, carek, pa&cek
6. pa, A60u&, po8u&, do7u&, bm8u&...
7. b0u&, 9o6u&, 9o6&uk, ke4lu&k, pUrtu&, ApUrtu&, v0are...
...
3.3 Verb adjuncts
3.3.1 Auxiliaries
3.3.1.1 Simple auxiliaries
Gujarati has two auxiliaries: 2- and ho-. Of these, 2- is used in present tense, while ho- is
used in past tense and future tense. 2Гќ and hoГќ both differentiate three person and two
number in present tense and future tense, while hoГќ differentiates three gender and two
numbers only in past tense. Consider the following tables:
2Гќ Present tense
Singular
Plural
First Person
2u&
2IAe
Second Person
2e
2o
Third Person
2e
2e
Singular
Plural
First Person
ho:=
ho:=u&
Second Person
h=e
h=o
Third Person
h=e
h=e
Singular
Plural
hto
hta
hoГќ Future tense
hoГќ Past tense
Masculine
251
Feminine
htI
htI
Neuter
htu&
hta&
3.3.1.2 Modal auxiliaries
Modal auxiliaries are the verbs that are used as auxiliaries. Such verbs are small in
number and they occur with many restrictions. One such restriction is on the combination
of the verbs. We can not combine all the modal auxiliary verbs with all the non-modal
auxiliary verbs. In such verbal sequences, the first verb takes some linking element while
the second verb takes inflectional material. Examples:
Verb
`a:
na`vu&
kapI
[email protected]
s&-XavI
wtrI
-rI
hsI
bolI
ka7I
Modal
verb
levu&
na`vu&
ka7vu&
jvu&
devu&
jvu&
ra`vu&
p6vu&
w5vu&
mUkvu&
Example
me& kerI `a: lI0I.
me& je khevu& htu& te khI na~yu&
me& kerI kapI ka7I.
hu& AemnI vat [email protected] gyo.
me& Aemne be vat s&-XavI dI0I.
hu& f4af4 pg9Iya& wtrI gyo.
saru& 9yu& ke me& pa8I -rI ra~yu&. nhI& to Aap8e =u& krt?
te jor jor9I hsI p6yo.
te AekaAek bolI w5yo.
me& rme=ne Aoifsma&9I ka8I mUkyo.
3.4 Connectives
3.4.1 Coordinating connectives
Gujarati distinguishes between conjunctive (Ane) and disjunctive (ke, A9va). In disjunctive it
distinguishes between inclusive (ke) and exclusive (A9va). Examples:
Conjunctive sentences:
Г‰. rme= Ane mhe= kale 3er j=e.
ГЉ. mne lal Ane lIlo r&g gme 2e.
Г‹. rme= Aav=e Ane mIna j=e.
Disjunctive sentences:
ГЊ. marI sa9e ko8 Aav=e? mIna ke lIla? (mIna Aav=e / lIla Aav=e / mIna Ane lIla bNne Aav=e.)
ГЌ. marI sa9e mIna A9va lIla Aav=e. (mIna Aav=e / lIla Aav=e / *mIna Ane lIla bNne Aav=e.)
3.4.2 Subordinating connective
Subordinating conjunction is ke. Examples:
É. te8e k¬u& ke hu& AavI=.
ГЉ. rme=ne khejo ke Ae kale mare 3er Aave.
Г‹. mne htu& j ke Aek be idvsma& mne tav Aav=e.
3.4.3 Correlative connectives
je ...te is a correlative connective, which decline for all the cases. Consider the following
table:
Nominative
Ergative
je...te
je8e...te8e
252
Dative
Genitive
Locative
Instrumental
jene...tene
jenu&...tenu&
jema&...tema&, jenama&...tenama&
jena9I....tena9I
Correlative also inflects for comparative to express size, quantity, etc.: Examples.
jev6u&...tev6u&.
je4lu&..te4lu&
jem...tem
jya&...Tya&
(size)
(quantity)
(manner)
(place)
3.4.4 Adversative connectives
p8 and prNtu are adversative conjunctions. prNtu is more formal than p8. Examples:
Г‰. hu& ca nhI&, p8 kofI pI=.
ГЉ. tme gme Tya& jav. p8 Aa 2okrane AhI& mUkta jav.
Г‹. rme=ne khejo ke -le kam kre. p8 tibyt p8 jaXve.
3.4.5 Explicative connectives
ke and Ae4le are the explicative conjunctions. Examples:
Г‰. hu& Ae4lo b0o 9akI gyelo ke na pu2o vat.
ГЉ. lIla Ae4le lIla. AenI vat 9ay?
3.4.6 Causal connective
kemke/ kar8ke is a causal connective. Examples:
Г‰. hu& kale Skule n hto gyo kemke/ kar8 ke marI tibyt sarI n htI.
ГЉ. mare `Ub va&cvu& p6=e kem ke / kar8 ke mare kale pirxa 2e.
3.5 Other Closed classes
3.5.1 Emphasis marker
Gujarati distinguishes between two types of emphasis markers: (1) inclusive and (2)
exclusive. Inclusive marker is y / p8 and exclusive marker is j : Examples:
Inclusive
Г‰. lIla y/p8 kale sa&je rsro4lI `a=e.
ГЉ. lIla kale sa&je y/p8 rsro4lI `a=e.
Г‹. lIla kale sa&je rsro4lI y/p8 `a=e.
Exclusive
Г‰. lIla j kale sa&je rsro4lI `a=e.
ГЉ. lIla kale sa&je j rsro4lI `a=e.
Г‹. lIla kale sa&je rsro4lI j `a=e.
ГЊ. lIla kale sa&je rs ro4lI `a=e j.
Besides there are also sentential emphasis word `ru&, that agree with object > subject.
Examples:
ГЌ. rme= AaVyo `ro?
ГЋ. rme=e cop6I va&cI `rI?
3.5.2 Interjections
Gujarati has two types of interjections: primary (which do not have any lexical meaning)
and secondary (which have some lexical meaning associated with them). Ahha, Aho, Aoho,
A0000, h&A are the examples of primary interjections while vah, =aba=, ALya, etc. are the
253
examples of secondary interjections. In terms of function, they can be divided into
expressive, conative and phatic types. Expressive interjections can be further divided into
emotive and cognitive interjections. Following is a rough and very preliminary
classification of the Gujarati interjections:
Expressive interjections:
Emotive
1. hay, hay hay, hay re, bapre, ma re, Ao...
Express pain
2. Aoho, Aha, A000, Ahha...
Exclamatory
3. h4\, 2I, 24\, 9U, i0k...
Express hate.
Cognitive
4. vah, =aba=, Aaha, 0Ny...
Express joy
Conative
5. Ao, ALya, AlI....
Address terms (informal).
6. hay, hlo,
Express greeting.
7. Aav, Aavo, p0aro
Express reception (informal sg. informal plural and
honorific, formal respectively).
8. Aavje, Aavjo
Express good-bye.
9. cal / calo Tyare
Express parting
Phatic
10. h&, =u&
Express question.
11. h&A, ha,...
Express permission.
12. W&hu&
Expresses negation.
3.5.3 Negators
na, nhI&, n and n9I are the negators in Gujarati. We use negators to prohibit an action and
also to negate a sentence or a phrase. Examples:
Prohibitative Negation
Г‰. tme kerI na `ata.
ГЉ. tme bIju b0u& j `ajo, p8 kerI nhI& `ata.
Г‹. tme kerI n `aAo to saru&.
Sentential/Phrasal negation
Г‰. p/ВЅЕ rme= AaVyo?
(Ramesh did not come.)
jvabЕ na.
ГЉ. rme= rmto n9I.
(Ramesh may be doing something else.)
Г‹, rme= rm=e nhI&.
(Ramesh will not play. He will do something else).
ГЊ. rme= Aavu& na kre.
(Ramesh would not do such thing. Some another person must have
done it).
ГЌ. rme= pakI kerI n laVyo. (Ramesh brought a mango but it was not ripe.)
3.5.4 Politeness marker
@ is the politeness marker that is used with verb and nouns. Examples:
Г‰. kagXno jvab AapvanI k<pa [email protected]
ГЉ. [email protected] bhar gam gya 2e. kale Aav=e.
3.5.5 Tag-marks
Gujarati has two types of tag-marks:(1) Sentence initial tag-marks, and (2) Sentence final
tag-marks. Examples:
Sentence Initial tag-marks
254
Г‰. to tme kyare pa2a Aav=o?
ГЉ. te tme kyare Amdavad jvana?
Г‹. to to tu& Aa nokrI krvano `ro, kem?
ГЊ. Tyare to t u& 3er jvano Aemke?
Sentence Final tag-marks
ГЌ. tme ca pI=o ke?
ГЋ. Aa cop6I lw& ke?
ГЏ. jra Aa kagX va&cI btav to.
Гђ. me& Aa4lu& kam to kyuRne?
4. Conclusion
This is a very brief outline of the Gujarati parts-of-speech I have prepared for the
Beginning Gujarati and Intermediate Gujarati class. I am more concerned with specifying
general properties of these parts of speech and listing sample words belonging to them.
255
Gujarati Numerals
Gujarati has three types of numerals: cardinals, ordinals, and fractions.
Cardinal
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
†å�
ËÜå
µÜ±Ü
Е“ГњГњГ“
ÆÜÜ�œÜ
“
ГґГњГњВґГњ
†Ü«
ГѓГњГ­Гњ
В№ГґГњ
†ÝÄÜÑÜÜÓ
ËÜÜÓ
ВґГњГҐГ“
œÜÜæ¹
ÆÜ�¹Ó
ГґГњГњГҐГ¬
ôܶÜÓ
†°ÜÓ
†ÜåÄÜݱÜôÜ
Г­ГњГџГґГњ
†å�íÜßôÜ
ËÜÜíÜßôÜ
ВґГњГҐГ­ГњГџГґГњ
Е“ГњГњГҐГ­ГњГџГґГњ
ÆÜœœÜßôÜ
“ííÜßôÜ
ôܶÜÜíÜßôÜ
†¬ÜíÜßôÜ
†ÜåÄܱܵÜßôÜ
µÜßôÜ
†å�µÜßôÜ
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
ËܵÜßôÜ
´ÜåµÜßôÜ
œÜÜåµÜßôÜ
ÆÜÜ�µÜßôÜ
“µÜßôÜ
ôÜܲµÜßôÜ
†Ü²µÜßôÜ
†ÜåÄܱܜÜÜêÜßôÜ
Е“ГњГњГЄГњГџГґГњ
†å�´ÜÜêÜßôÜ
ËÜå´ÜÜêÜßôÜ
ВґГњГҐВґГњГњГЄГњГџГґГњ
Е“ГњГ ГЏГњГњГЄГњГџГґГњ
ÝÆÜô´ÜÜêÜßôÜ
“å´ÜÜêÜßôÜ
ГґГњГ ВІВґГњГњГЄГњГџГґГњ
†²´ÜÜêÜßôÜ
†ÜåÄܱÜÆÜœÜÜôÜ
ÆÜœÜÜôÜ
†å�ÜíÜÃÜ
ËÜÜíÜÃÜ
µÜåÆÜÃÜ
œÜÜåÆÜÃÜ
ÆÜ�œÜÜíÜÃÜ
“ÆÆÜÃÜ
ôܶÜÜíÜÃÜ
†¬ÜíÜÃÜ
†ÜåÄܱÜôÜ܇«
ôÜ܇«
†å�ôÜ«
ËÜÜôÜ«
µÜåôÜ«
256
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
Е“ГњГњГҐГґГњВ«
ÆÜÜ�ôÜ«
“ÜôÜ«
ГґГњВІГґГњВ«
†²ôÜ«
†ÄܱÜÜåôÜ߶ÜåÓ
ÝôܶÜåÓ
‡�Üå´ÜåÓ
ËÜÜå´ÜåÓ
´ÜÜÇ´ÜåÓ
Е“ГњГ ГЏГњГњГҐВґГњГҐГ“
ÆÜ�œÜÜå´ÜåÓ
“Üå´ÜåÓ
ÝôܶÜÜå´ÜåÓ
‡«ÖÑÜÜå´ÜåÓ
†ÄܱÑÜ܆åïÜß
†åïÜß
†åÑÜÜïÜß
ËÑÜÜïÜß
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
´ÑÜÜïÜß
œÜÜåÑÜÜÚïÜß
ÆÜ�œÜÜïÜß
“ÖÑÜÜïÜß
ôÜ´ÑÜÜïÜß
†«ÖÑÜÜïÜß
ÃÜíÑÜÜïÜß
ГѓГњГҐГ­ГњГ Г�
†å�ܱÜà �
ËÜܱÜà �
µÜܱÜà �
œÜÜåÓܱÜà �
ÆÜ�œÜܱÜà �
“ÅÜà �
ôܶÜܱÜà �
†¬Ü±Üà �
ГѓГњГ­Г­ГњГњВ±ГњГ Г�
ГґГњГњГҐ
In counting 100 is †å� ôÜÜå, 200 is ËÜôÜÜå, 300 is µÜ±Ü ôÜÜå, 400 is œÜÜÓ ôÜÜå and so on. Similarly,
1000 is ÷¡Ó, which is once again †å� ÷¡Ó, ËÜå ÷¡Ó, µÜ±Ü ÷¡Ó and so on. One hundred
thousand is called ГЄГњГњЖ’Гњ in Gujarati. There is no concept of million in Gujarati. We
describe it as ¹ôÜ êÜ܃Ü. One hundred êÜÜƒÜ is called �ÓÜå² and one hundred �ÓÜå² is called
†ËÜè.
Remember:
In Gujarati each number symbol has its own name. They are †å�²Üå, ËÜÄܲÜå, ´ÜÄܲÜå, œÜÜåÄܲÜå,
ÆÜÜ�œÜ²Üå, “ÄܲÜå, ôÜܴܲÜå, †Ü«²Üå, ÃÜíܲÜå and ÏÜß²à � for 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 and 0 respectively.
Ordinals:
The ordinals for 1, 2, 3, 4 and 6 are ÆÜ÷åêÜà �, ËÜßèà �, µÜßèà , œÜÜå³Üà �, “¬à �, respectively. For rest of the
numbers, we use –ÏÜà �. Examples: ÆÜÜ�œÜÏÜà �, ôÜÜ´ÜÏÜà �, †ÜÜ«ÏÜà �, ÃÜíÜÏÜà � ¹ôÜÏÜà � and so on. The ordinals
must agree with noun in gender. Example:
ÆÜ÷åêÜÜå “Üå�ÓÜå
first boy
ÆÜ÷åêÜß “Üå�Óß
second boy
257
ÆÜ÷åêÜà � “Üå�Óà �
third boy
Fractions:
Following is the list of the fractions:
Вј
ВЅ
Вѕ
1Вј
1ВЅ
1Вѕ
2Вј
2ВЅ
2Вѕ
…
…
...
ÆÜÜ
†²ÁÜà �
ÆÜÜå±Üà �
ГґГњГ­ГњГњ
В№ГњГҐВ°
ÆÜÜå±ÜÜ ËÜå
ôÜíÜÜ ËÜå
†°ß
ÆÜÜå±ÜÜ µÜ±Ü
...
...
...
Document
Category
Religion
Views
657
File Size
1 043 KB
Tags
1/--pages
Report inappropriate content