CULINARY TOOLS & EQUIPMENT Look at each picture, then write your guess on your Culinary Tools & Equipment Worksheet. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 • 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 On your Culinary Tools & Equipment Worksheet: • Write the correct name and spelling of each item. • Then write a brief function for each item. 1 Pizza Wheel / Pizza Cutter THE ANSWERS 1 Pizza Wheel / Pizza Cutter • For cutting baked pizza into serving pieces, no other tool slices more sharply and cleanly than a pizza cutter. It can also be used to cut pies. 2 Vegetable Peeler 2 Vegetable Peeler • Is commonly used to shave the skin off fruits and vegetables. It can also be used to make delicate garnishes, such as carrot curls and chocolate curls. 3 Rolling Pin 3 Rolling Pin • Is used to stretch and roll dough, such as pie crusts, cookies, and biscuits. Most are made of hardwood, but marble and others may be used. Rolling pins with grooves that add patterns or fancy designs to dough are also available. French rolling pins do not have handles. 4 Sifter 4 Sifter • Used to sift foods to incorporate air and eliminate lumps in foods such as flour, powdered sugar, and cocoa. 5 RUBBER,PLASTIC, OR SILICONE SPATULA 5 RUBBER,PLASTIC, OR SILICONE SPATULA • A rubber, plastic or silicone spatula have a broad, flexible tip on a long handle. It is used to scrape food from the inside of bowls and pans. It is also used to fold in whipped cream or egg whites. Avoid using it to scrape foods with high amounts of food coloring, such as: tomato paste, catsup, etc.; they stain easily. 6 Straight Spatula 6 Straight Spatula • A straight spatula or palette knife, has a long, flexible blade with a rounded end. It is useful for scraping bowls and spreading icing on cakes. 7 Offset Spatula 7 Offset Spatulas • An offset spatula, or turner, has a broad stainless steel blade that is bent to keep the users hands off the hot surfaces. It is used to lift and turn foods, such as pancakes and cookies, so they can cook on both sides. 8 Eggbeater / Rotary Beater 8 Eggbeater / Rotary Beater • Used to beat foods to incorporate air in such foods as eggs, egg whites, whip cream etc. 9 Colander 9 Colander • Metal or plastic bowl with 1/8 inch holes pressed through out it. • Used for rinsing and draining foods. 10 Ladles 10 Ladles • These can be made of wood, plastic or metal and come in many sizes ranging from 1 – 16 ounces. • A tool with a bowl with a long handle for reaching to the bottom of deep pots and transferring liquids. 11 Masher 11 Masher • Has a long handle and has a grid and openings to it. • Used to break up solid foods: boiled fruits or vegetables. 12 Large Spoons 12 Large Spoons • These can be made of wood, plastic or metal. • Large spoon: used for stirring or turning foods • Slotted spoon: flat with holes pressed through it; used for straining or skimming food particles or items from liquids 13 Pastry Brush 13 Pastry Brush • Made of wood or plastic, with real or artificial hair. • Used to brush sauce onto food, glazes on desserts, greasing cake pans, etc. • Select brushes made with natural hairs rather than synthetic fibers, since the synthetic ones don't absorb liquid as well as natural ones 14 Pastry Bag & Accessories • 14 Pastry Bag & Accessories • A coned shaped bag (vinyl, nylon or plastic coated cotton), about 2 feet long with a large and small opening • Accessories: star, cone, flat, curved, three hole and slanted tips, which range in size and diameter • Used to: pipe cream or mixtures, fill pasta or baked goods (eclairs), etc 15 Tongs 15 Tongs • Metal, wooden, or plastic pinching tools used to grab foods without using your hands or fingers. 16 Whisks 16 Whisks • Regular: A long utensil with a set of slim stainless steel, plastic, silicone, or wood wires that are gathered at one end and looped at the other. • Used to hand beat, incorporate, whisk, blend, and stir. • Balloon: Same as above, except shorter and wider • Used to incorporate air into creams, fillings, mixtures, etc. 17 Chef’s Fork / Kitchen Fork 17 Chef’s Fork / Kitchen Fork • Is used to lift and turn meat and other foods . It is also used to hold larger pieces of food when cutting them. 18 Scooper 18 Scooper • Scoops are used to measure equal amounts of food. They have a lever to mechanically release food and are numbered according to size. The number indicates how many level scoops it takes to fill a quart. The higher the number, the smaller the amount of food the scoop holds. 19 Cutting Surface / Board 19 Cutting Surface • A hard surface on which you place foods to be cut. • These are made of plastic, wood and even glass, and are available in a variety of sizes • Plastic ones are easy to maintain, since these won't splinter or shatter, unlike the wooden or glass types 20 Juicer 20 Juicer • A beveled cone made of plastic, glass or wood. • Used to break up food's fibres (citrus fruits: lemon, orange, lime, etc.), thus releasing their juices 21 Measuring Cups 21 Measuring Cups •The standard set comes with 1/4, 1/3, 1/2 and 1 cup increments. Made of stainless steel, metal or plastic. Most sets can be nested/stacked inside each other for easy storage. •Used for measuring dry ingredients (flour, sugar, etc.) •Scoop up or spoon ingredient, and then run a straight knife or spatula across rim to level off excess ingredient (leveling). 22 Teaspoons & Tablespoons 22 Teaspoons & Tablespoons • A set of individual plastic or metal utensils, ranging in increments of: 1/8, 1/4, 1/2, 1 teaspoon and 1, 1-1/2 tablespoons. • Used to measure liquid or dry ingredients • These are more accurate than cutlery teaspoons and tablespoons, since cutlery spoons vary from one manufacturer to an other • Wash and dry well to prevent plastic ones from discoloring and metal ones from rusting 23 Measuring Cups - Glass 23 Measuring Cups - Glass • These come in 1, 2, 4 and 8 cup capacities. Also available in plastic. • Used for measuring liquid ingredients (milk, water, etc.) • Place on a leveled surface and check at eye level for accurate measuring • It's a good investment to have the 1 and 4 cup measuring cups • The glass type are usually heat resistant and their markings don't rub off as easily as the plastic ones 24 Meat Thermometer 24 Meat Thermometer • A short metal probe with a gauge, which is inserted into food and instantly indicates the food's internal temperature. • This tool is used to determine a food's (roast, bread, etc.) doneness by registering its internal temperature • The most accurate way to determine if a food is cooked. Cooking foods to their proper temperature is essential to help prevent food borne illnesses. 25 Portion Scale 25 Portion Scale • Is a type of spring scale used to determine the weight of an ingredient or portion of food. It can be reset to zero so you can measure individual ingredients. 26 Balance Scale 26 Balance Scale • A Balance Scale is used to measure most baking ingredients. The ingredients being weighed are placed on one side while weights are placed on the other side. When the two sides are balanced, the ingredients weigh the same as the weights. 27 Electronic Scale 27 Electronic Scale • An electronic, or digital, scale weighs an item when it is placed on its tray. The weight is displayed in numbers on a digital readout rather than by a needle. The readout is more accurate than a portion scale. 28 Blender 28 Blender • A tall and narrow container with small detachable blades. • Used to liquify foods quickly: e.g., sauces, soups, etc. • Not recommended for mashing starch items: e.g., cooked potatoes, carrots, etc. 29 Microwave Oven 29 Microwave Oven • It uses invisible waves of energy called microwaves to heat, reheat, defrost, and cook foods. 30 Electric Mixer 30 Electric Mixer • A small appliance that ranges in size, speed settings and comes freestanding or mounted on a base. • Used to mix foods that require time and endurance: whipping cream, whipping egg whites, mixing batter, etc. 31 Kitchen Shears 31 Kitchen Shears • Are used to tackle a variety of cutting chores, such as snipping string,, and butcher’s twine, trimming artichoke leaves, and dividing taffy. To be used only in the kitchen with foods, not for household use. 32 Skimmer 32 Skimmer • Has a flat, perforated surface for removing food from stocks and soups. It is also used to skim impurities from the top of liquids. 33 Meat Tenderizer 33 Meat Tenderizer • Each side of a meat tenderizer has different-sized toothlike points that are made of aluminum, steel or wood. These points tenderize meat by breaking up and bruising the fibers. 34 Garlic Press 34 Garlic Press • Used to mince garlic by pressing garlic cloves through the fine holes on the garlic press. 35 Whisk / Spring Beater 35 Whisk / Spring Beater • Has a spring end that beats foods. Has similar functions like the egg beater and whisk. 36 Grater / Box or Tower Grater 36 Grater / Box or Tower Grater • The most common of grater is the foursided. Each side has different sized holes that determine the size of the grated food pieces, from slices to shreds to crumbs. 37 Microplane 37 Microplane • With razor-sharp edges and comfortable grips, grater creates flakes of hard cheese, chocolate and zest. Top salads and pastas with Parmesan Reggiano or add natural flavors to lemon crème brûlée or vinaigrette. Stainless steel plane grates fine, lacy wisps from even the hardest cheeses. Soft-touch handle eases fatigue. Blades made in the USA, assembled 38 Spoon Rest 38 Spoon Rest • Used to rest a spoon, fork, whisk, pasta server, etc. in between use to help keep it clean. Do not use counter, sink, or outside of food containers, because they contain germs. 39 Strainer or Sieve 39 Strainer or Sieve • Comes in a variety of sizes. Has a cup shaped body made of perforated mesh. The holes range from extra fine to coarse. Strainer can be used to drain pastas, vegetables, and stocks, or sift foods like powdered sugar, flour, chocolate etc. 40 Sheet (Cookie) Pan / Tray 40 Sheet (Cookie) Pan / Tray • These range in size (half and full sheet pans) and are usually made of metal or a combination of metals, and have only one edge to them, or all four as a jelly roll pan: available with or without a nonstick coating. • Specifically made for baking cookies and similar items • Designed to allow heat to circulate freely around baked goods 41 STOCK POT 41 STOCK POT • Has straight sides and is taller than it is wide. A stockpot is used to cook large quantities of liquid on the range, such as stocks, or soups. Some stockpots have a spigot at the side near the bottom, so liquid can be drained off without lifting the pot. 42 SAUCE PAN WITH LID 42 SAUCE PAN WITH LID • Has a long handle and straight sides. Primarily used for heating and cooking food in liquid, sauce pans come in many sizes in order to accommodate a variety of needs. 43 Sauté Pan 43 Sauté Pan • There are two types of sauté pans: a pan with straight sides and a pan with sloped sides. Both are used to sauté and fry foods. The slope-sided pan allows the chef to flip items without using a spatula. 44 Wok 44 Wok • A wok is useful for fast stove top cooking. The wok’s height and sloped sides are well-suited for tossing ingredients, an essential step in stir-frying. Once food has been cooked, it can be pushed to the side of the pan, leaving the hot center free for new ingredients to be cooked or heated. 45 Hotel Pans 45 Hotel Pan • The cooked foods in a steam table are held in hotel pans. Hotel pans are often used to store refrigerated food and hold casseroles during baking. They come in many different sizes.