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INTRODUCTORY WORDS AND PHRASES

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INTRODUCTORY
WORDS AND PHRASES
Haven’t we met somewhere before….?
Introductory Words & Phrases
 Simply words and phrases that
begin a sentence.
 Lots of argument over the need for
a comma after.
Personally, I think using a comma
makes sentences easier to understand
 They signal a separation or pause
between parts.
 It sounds better to put a comma after an
adverb that comes at the beginning of a
sentence if that adverb has to do with
time.
 It also helps clarify a sentence if you put a
comma after an introductory prepositional
phrase.
Let’s look at some examples…
 This is a good time to practice
your Cornell Notes ---
Adverb (one-word adverbs)
 You see this a lot. An adverb indicates
WHEN the action took place.
 Put a comma after it if you hear a pause
when the sentence is spoken aloud.
 Ex-
Meanwhile, my stomach growled. I
blamed it on the dog.
Adverbial Clauses (Subordinate)
 You need a comma after an adverbial
clause that introduces a sentence.
 After I get something to eat, I will feed
the dog.
Participial Phrases
 A comma is needed after a participial
phrase that comes at the beginning of a
sentence.
 Ex- Walking down Blue Street, I
decided to try some sushi.
Prepositional Phrases
 Not everyone agrees you need a
comma after prepositional phrases.
 I say it NEEDS A COMMA if it refers to
TIME.
 Ex- In about two hours, I had eaten an
ocean of sushi.
More on Prepositional Phrases….
 A comma IS needed after two or more
prepositional phrases that follow each other
at the beginning of a sentence.
 Ex- At the end of the meal, the hungry
dog tried to eat my inori zushi.
 Ex- In one hour in the MPR, we will
have pizza.
WORDS – Especially ‘yes’ and ‘no’
 This is another example that you will see over
and over again.
Yes, it is necessary to have a
comma after introductory words.
 Ex-
 Ex-
Yes, we have no bananas today.
What have you learned about
Introductory Words and Phrases?
 1) Adverb (one-word adverbs) : Tell when or
there is a pause when spoken aloud.
 2) Adverbial Clauses( subordinate) :
Introduces a sentence.
 3) Participial Phrase
 4) Prepositional Phrase: Especially if it refers
to time.
 5) After two or more prepositional phrases
that follow each other at the beginning of a
sentence.
 6) After words such as ‘yes’ and ‘no’.
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